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ANNUAL REPORT ON THE ASYLUM FOR THE INSANE, NEW WESTMINISTER, FOR THE YEAR 1888. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1889

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 An N UAL   REPORT
ON  THE
ASYLUM   FOR  THE   INSANE,
NEW   WESTMINSTER,
YEAR   1888.
ICTORIA : Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing Office, James' Bay. 52 Vict. Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 401
BEPOET
ON  THE
ASYLUM   FOR THE  INSANE,
1888.
To the Honourable Hugh Nelson,
Lieutenant Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
Ma? it Please Your Honour:
The   undersigned   respectfully  submits,  herewith,  the   Annual   Report   of   the   Medical
Superintendent of the Asylum for the Insane for the year 1888.
JNO. ROBSON,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
April, 1889. 52 Vict. Report on the Asylun for the Insane. 403
REPORT
OP  THE
MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT OF THE ASYLUM FOR THE INSANE,
New Westminster, B.  0.,
For the  Year ending 81st December,  1888.
To the Hon. John Robson,
Provincial Secretary.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Annual Report for the seventeenth year
of this Asylum, ending 31st December, 1888.
The usual tables are appended, containing such information as is annually required.
The total number of patients received during the year was twenty-nine (29); the number
discharged twenty-one (21), and the number of deaths three (3).
Received.
The number of admissions, twenty-nine (29), is less than that of last year by ten (10).
Owing to the want of accommodation, as we have had the building filled to its utmost capacity
during the whole year, I have had to refuse private patients on account of the numbers in the
gaols waiting for the first vacancy.
Of those admitted, five (5) had been in the Asylum before. One (1) ten years ago; one (1)
over a year, and three (3) less than a month. The number.of Chinese received was six (6).
Again I have to say, that it is a pity we have not separate apartments for this class, of whom
we have nineteen (19) in the Asylum, and there are five (5) in the gaol at New Westminster.
Discharged.
The number discharged was twenty-one (21), of whom thirteen (13) had recovered, and
eight (8) had so far improved as to be allowed to go to their homes to try the effect of the
change.      Three (3) of these returned.
The percentage of recoveries to admissions, 72.41, is greater than ever before. This satisfactory state of affairs confirms me in my belief of the curative effect of an almost entire
out-door life for all the patients, when the weather admits of it.
Deaths.
The number of deaths was three (3), one (1) of whom was here over nine (9) years, one (1)
over eight years, and the other over three (3) years. Their insanity had become chronic, and
therefore incurable.
Improvements.
Nothing has been done under this heading during the past year, except what the patients
have done themselves. The improvements required consist, first of all, of more accommodation,
which I believe it is the intention of the Government to give as soon as possible. With regard
to heating, lighting, and taking more land under cultivation, these, I have no doubt, will be
taken into consideration when an addition is added to the building.
Expenditure.
The "per capita" cost (Table No. 15) takes in all expenses of the institution, including
salaries, fuel, food, lighting, drugs, furniture, bedding, stationery, &c, in fact, everything
except what belongs to Lands and Works, and transport of lunatics and keepers to the
asylum. 404 Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 18m9
The cost for this year was 55|- cents per day, the year before being 59§ cents per day.
This shows that the institution is worked economically.
The following will show the amounts expended, as compared with the estimates allowed
for the past year :—
Allowed. Expended.
Salaries  $9,400 00 $9,400 00
Provisions  4,700 00 4,999 52
Puel  900 00 975 31
Medicines  150 00 197 60
Furniture, Bedding, &c  500 00 255 72
Miscellaneous  300 00 8198
Clothing  600 00 408 39
Transport  300 00 22 50
Lands and Works  1,000 00 249 92
17,960 00    16,590 94
Balance saved (not drawn)         1,369 06
Total    $17,960 00
Amount received from paying patients during the year, estimated at $200 00; received,
$750 00.
Although these figures show the expenditure for the year 1888, the votes allowed are half
of the votes of 18*57, and half of the votes of 1888. It would simplify matters to make out
our report at the end of the fiscal year, i. e., 30th June each year.
Work.
Again, we had four acres in vegetables and roots which did very well, as may be seen in
Table No. 16. The potatoes, over 18| tons, are a splendid lot; this, of course, required a good
deal of work. We also took up about half a mile of water-pipe, cleaned it by pulling a chain
through it, and reiaid it; built a side-walk about a hundred yards long by four feet wide ;
cleared five acres of stumps and underbrush, and graded the land ; sifted soil for gravel and
put it on roads, and a lot of other small things. These works kept all the patients who could
be trusted to work out-doors occupied, when the we.vther permitted of it. The female patients
get through a lot of sewing, mending, ifec, as may be seen in Table No. 14.
Amusements.
These are confined to very narrow limits for want of some music; the women dance three
times a week to music sung by one of their number. The men have a violin and concertina,
which may be heard all day long. They all enjoy their draughts, dominoes, books and papers.
What could not we do with a piano ?
Divine Service.
Almost every Wednesday, for the last four years, the Venerable Archdeacon Woods has
held service in the large dining room ; the attendance averages over thirty. The singing is led
by a number of young ladies from the city, who deserve thanks for their regular attendance;
most of the attendants appreciate it very highly.
Acknowledgments.
Again 1 have to thank the two local papers for weekly copies, also the "Columbian" for
exchanges, which gives reading matter for those who like it An Indian band from Douglas
came up and gave us some music, for which I am very thankful.
I have to thank all those employed for their careful attention to the comfort and welfare
of the. patients and their willing assistance to myself.
I have, <fec,
(Signed)        R. I. Bentley,
Medira^ Superintendent. 52 Vict.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
405
ANNUAL STATISTICAL REPORT
Of the operations of the Asylum   for the Insane, New Westminster, for the Year
ending 31st December,  1888.
Table No. I.
Showing movements of patients in the Asylum for the year ending 31st December, 1888.
Remaining January 1st, 1888	
Admitted during year :—
By Lieutenant-Governor's Warrant.
By medical certificates	
Total number under treatment during year
Discharges during year :—
As recovered ...       	
As improved	
Not insane	
Died   	
Escaped
Total number discharged, died, and escaped during year.
Remaining in Asylum 31st December, 1888	
Male.
68
1
22
91
13
6
21
70
Female.        Total
2
4
15
3
12
77
3
26
106
13
24
82
Table No. 2.
Showing the maximum  and minimum number of patients, and the daily average number of
patients in the Asylum during the year ending 31st December, 1888.
Maximum number of patients (on the 30th December, 1888)
Minimum number of patients (on the 17th January, 1888) . .
Daily average population	
Male.
70
68
69.50
Female.
12
9
9.75
Total.
82
77
79.41
Admissions of year.
Social State.
3
20
6
9
20
Total.
23
2
5
3
1
1
6
5
6
1
1
29
Religion.
3
6
3
3
4
1
6
1
6
Total
23
6
29 406
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1889
Table No.  2.—Concluded.
Admissions of Year.—Concluded.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Place of Birth.
1
1
2
6
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
6
1
4
1
1
1
1
3
1
3
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
Total	
23
6
29
Table No. 3.
Showing the place of residence from which patients were received during the year li
Male.
Female.
Total.
6
6
3
4
1
1
10
6
4
23
6
29
Table No. 4.
Showing the ages of patients at the time of admission during the year.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Between 20 and 25	
5
3
3
2
1
5
4
2
1
7
4
3
2
1
2
Over 50    	
2
6
23
6
29 52 Vict.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
407
Table No. 5.
Showing the length of residence of those discharged during the year 1888.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
When admitted.
When discharged.
Remarks.
1
M. E. S.
F.
23rd September,
1887
25th January,   1888
Improved.
2
C. F. Y.
M.
8th April,
1887
20th March,
Recovered.
3
W. M.
M.
4th March.
1887
2nd April,          ,,
Recovered.
4
J. C.
M.
14th February,
1888
25th April,
Recovered.
5
E. B. R.
M.
14th April,
1886
1st May,
Improved.
6
S. C.
M.
26th November,
1887
26th May,
Taken by friends.
7
F. D.
M.
23rd August,
1887
29th May
Recovered.
8
F. E. 0.
F.
5th March,
1888
7th June,           ,,
Improved.
9
W. D.
M.
2nd May,
1888
20th June,           „
Recovered.
10
H. H.
M.
7th May,
1887
9th July,
Recovered.
11
R. S. J.
M.
21st June,
1888
20th July,
Recovered.
12
T. B.
M.
21st June,
1888
10th August,       ,,
Improved.
13
L. C. Y.
M.
11th July,
1888
10th August,       „
Improved.
14
T. A.
M.
8th April,
1888
20th August,
Recovered.
15
D. M. S.
M.
26th September,
1887
14th September,,,
Improved.
16
D. M.
M.
11th October,
1888
24th October,      „
Recovered.
17
L. P.
M.
20th October,
1888
24th October,      ,,
Recovered.
18
A. Y.
M.
28th December,
1886
12th November, ,,
Improved.
19
J. D.
M.
14th November,
1888
22nd November, ,,
Recovered.
20
A. M.
M.
29th May,
1888
3rd December, ,,
Recovered.
21
E. F.
M.
29th December,
1888
29th December, ,,
Recovered.
Table No. 6.
Showing age, length of residence, and proximate cause of death of those  who died  during the
year 1888.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Date of Death.
Residence in Asylum.
Proximate cause of
Years.
8
9
3
Months.
days.
Death.
1
2
3
C. K.
M. S.
M. S.
M.
F.
M.
31
38
30
6th February,  1888
5th July,
7th October,       ,,
2
1
1
2
12
1
General Paralysis.
Stoppage in bowels.
General Paralysis.
Table No. 7.
Showing trades, callings, and occupations of patients admitted during the year 1888.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
6
6
1
4
13
4
1
4
13
4
23
6
29 408
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1889
Table No. 8.
Showing the supposed cause of insanity of the patients admitted during the year If
Supposed Cause.
Moral.
Domestic trouble, including loss of relations .
Business trouble   	
Religious excitement	
Living in solitude	
Intemperance in drink
Do. opium.
Self-abuse (sexual)	
Injury to head	
Puerperal   	
Hereditary 	
Unknown	
Physical.
Male.
23
Female.
Total.
29
Table No. 9.
Showing the class of insanity of the patients admitted during the year 1888.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Mania (varieties of)	
14
3
5
1
5
19
3
1
6
1
23
6
29
Table No.  10.
Showing the probational discharges for the year, and the results thereof.
Number to whom probational leave was granted
Discharged recovered	
Discharged improved	
Returned to asylum	
Male.
Female.
6
1
2
1
3
1
6
1
Total. 52 Vict.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
409
Table No. 11.
Showing the admissions, discharges, deaths, escapes; number resident at the close of each
year ; increase or decrease each year ; percentage of recoveries and deaths from the" opening of the Asylum to the present date, 31st December, 1888.
"S
T3
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1872  	
18
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16
2
18
5.55
5.55
1873	
15
10
2
5
14
2
32
66.66
15.62
1874	
12
4
3
19
5
26
33.33
11.53
1875	
29
3
3
10
32
13
48
10.34
20.83
1876 	
22
14
11
6
8
3
5
3
35
37
3
2
54
49
50.00
43.85
9.35
1877	
6.12
1878	
17
8
9
1
36
1
54
47.05
16.16
1879	
18
17
13
5
4
5
3
8
5
5
1
41
48
48
5
7
54
58
61
27.77
23.52
38.46
14.81
1880	
8.62
1881	
8.19
1882	
7
3
1
2
49
1
55
42.85
3.63
1883	
8
10
21
4
5
5
1
1
1
3
2
5
49
51
61
57
59
80
50.00
50.00
23.80
5.26
1884	
2
10
3.38
1885     ..   .
6.25
1886	
27
16
1
6
65
4
88
62.96
6.81
1887	
39
29
21
21
2
5
3
1
77
82
12
5
104
106
53.84
72.41
4.80
1888	
2,77
Table No.  12.
Expenditure for the Year IS
Provisions :—
Butter  $ 538 65
Sugar  168 63
Oatmeal  65 67
Eggs  39 30
Ham  47 32
Beef and Mutton  1.459 36
Vegetables  248 68
Fish  156 50
Milk   369 60
Bread  1,174 04
Tea.
Salt and Pepper	
Cheese...   	
Worcestershire Sauce
Coffee	
Apples	
Barley	
Mustard.   	
Svrup 	
Flour	
Rice	
Sago	
Vinegar	
Lard	
Small Groceries	
Beans	
85 78
16 43
14 74
6 96
16 80
32 05
5 29
12 00
42 00
17 35
9 00
6 09
3 60
1 10
7 37
8 81
Carried forward $4,553 12 Expenditure for the Year.
Provisions (Concluded):—
Currants and Raisins .
Pickles	
Sal Soda	
Saltpetre	
Blacking	
Knife Brick	
Brooms and Brushes..
Wash-boards	
Soap	
Tobacco	
Coal Oil	
Matches	
Clay Pipes 	
Hay for Cow   	
Bran for Cow	
Brought forward $4,553 12
Fuel :—
Coal, Wood, and Bark	
Medicines :—
Drugs and Instruments	
Clothing :—
Clothes, Hats, Boots, and Slippers	
Furniture :—
.  Furniture, Stoves, Bedding, and Lamps.
Miscellaneous :—
Funeral Expenses	
Post Office Box and Stamps	
Miscellaneous....   	
Salaries :—
Salaries and Wages
Transport :—
Transport of Lunatics and Keepers	
Lands and Works :—
Lumber for Fence and Sidewalk, Water Pipes, Nails, Glass, Tools,
Mending Roof, General Repairing, Blacksmith and Plumber's
Work, &c., &c	
12 50
1 13
13 00
25
1 25
90
12 25
2 25
41 25
140 00
124 90
35 25
4 50
46 87
10 10
4,999 52
975 31
,
197 60
408 39
255 72
37 50
20 00
24 48
81 98
9,400 00
$16,318 52
22 50
249 92
Total.
$16,590 94
Table No. 13.
Showing the amount of money received from Paying Patients during the year 1888.
April  $105 00
May  420 00
July  135 00
November..       90 00
Total  $750 00 52 Vict.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
411
Table No. 14.
Showing articles made and repaired in the Female' Ward during the year 1888.
Articles.
Made.
Repaired.
40
3
28
2
5
28
11
44
5
2
9
22
531
59
21
140
Shirts	
837
125
324
484
Table No.  15.
Showing the average number of patients per day, and the average cost per day and per month
for the year 1888.
Months.
January...
February..
March
April	
May	
June	
July	
August ...
September
October...
November
December,
Average number of Patients
daily.
77
78
79
80
80
79
79
80
80
80
80.
81
79.41
Average daily
Expenses.
$47 28
45 32
46 34
44 46
42 78
42 42
43 41
42 51
43 91
42 99
47 26
44 89
44 46
Average cost
per capita
per day.
cts.
61
58
58
55
53
53
54
53
55
53
59
55
55A
Average cost
per capita
per month.
$18 96
16 89
18 03
16 75
16 60
15 99
16 98
16 56
16 52
16 65
17 72
17 20
17 07 412 Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 1889
Table No.  16.
Showing the return of Garden Produce for the year 1888.
Potatoes    37,415 pounds.
Swede Turnips      6,997
White      „	
Carrots 	
Cabbage 	
Cauliflowers	
Celery      	
Cucumbers	
Beet	
Parsnips	
Pumpkins	
Corn, Sweet	
Green Peas	
Beans        	
Mangel-wurzels      	
Tomatoes	
Gooseberries     	
Brussels Sprouts	
R. I. BENTLEY, M.B.,
Medical Superintendent.
340
2,633
2,460
99
169 heads.
74
333
pounds
142
36
354
ears.
17
gallons
47
2,400
pounds
112
5
55
pounds
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer"
at the Government Priuting Office, James' Bay.

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