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FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, & MARRIAGES, FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBA.… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1879

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Full Text

 Fifth  Annual  Report
OF THE
REGISTRAR OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, & MARRIAGES,
FOR THE  PROVINCE OF
British  Columbia.
1877.
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard WoiirBNDEK, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing Office, James' Bay.
1878.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY,
yr^roRIA, B,. C.  42 Vic. Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
Registrar-General's Ofeice,
12th July, 1878.
1 o the Honourable George Anthony Walkem,
Attorney-General, $c, £c.
Sir:
I have the honour to transmit herewith, for the information of His Excellency
the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, and the use of Parliament, my Fifth Annual
Keport, under the provisions of the "Registration of Births, Deaths, and Marriages
Act, 1872."
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your most obedient servant,
II. B. W. AIKMAN,
Registrar- General.  42 Vic.
Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
Report.
To His Excellency the Honourable Albert Norton Eichards, Lieutenant-Governor of the
Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Excellency:—
I have the honour to submit my Eeport on the Eegistration of .Births, Deaths, and
Marriages, for the year ending 31st December, 1877; being the Fifth Annual Eeport
since the commencement of the Act.
It has not been deemed advisable to make any alteration in the form or arrangement of the Statistical Tables, those hitherto in use being considered sufficiently
comprehensive to meet the requirements of the present population of the Province.
The original number of Eegistration Districts has been augmented by the addition
of Districts Nos. 10 and 11, representing C ssiar and Kamloops.
District No. 8 (Omineca) has been practically, though not formally, abolished by
the withdrawal of Mr. Page, the District Eegistrar.
The returns for 1877 show the registration of 193 births, 95 marriages, and 98
deaths—being an aggregate total of 386 registrations. Tho Tables A, B, and C, at
pages 6, 7, and 8, will show the increase or decrease, as the case may be, between the
registrations for the years 1876 and 1877; and Table D, at page 10, is a recapitulation of
the results of the Act down to 31st December, 1877.
.Births.
The following table is a summary of the births registered during the twelve months
ended 31st December, 18~7:—
Districts.
Males.
Females.
No. where both
name and sex
are omitted
Total.      .
59
23
6
5
2
"7
"i
49
21
5
3
2
"s
"2
108
•*
44
11
8
4
15
...
3
103
90
...
193
We have here a decrease, in the number of births registered, of 43.
Of the 193 children registered, 1C3 were males and 90 females.    The birth of throe
pairs of twins was reported. Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
1878
TABLE A.
The following table will show the increase or decrease (as the ease may be) in the
different districts between the number of births registered in the years endod 31st
December, 1876, and 31st December, 1877:—
Districts.
Number
Registered in
1876.
Number
Registered in
1877.
Increase.
Decrease.
139
45
31
7
5
3
4
1
1
108
44
11
8
4
15
3
193
"i
i'i
3
31
1
20
No. 4. Yale, &c	
1
3
1
1
236
15
58
15
43
Marriages.
The following   table is a summary of Marriages registered during the twelve
months ended 31st December, 1877.
Districts.
No. 1. Victoria, &c	
No. 2. Nanaimo, &c	
No. 3. New Westminster, &c	
No. 4   Yale, &c ,
No. 5. Olinton, &c ,
No. 6. Lillooet, &c ,
No. 7. Cariboo, &c	
No. 8. Omineca, &c	
No. 9. Kootenay, &c 	
No. 10. Cassiar, Ac 	
No. 11. Kamloops, &c	
Totals.,
20
20
11
fl
Where Bride and Bridegroom are of
CO
a, S
P
the same Religious Denomination,
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Total.
64
12
13
3
' i
2
95
We have here a decrease in the number of Marriages registered, of 46.
Of the total number of Marriages, 85 were by license, 7 by banns, 2 by license and
banns, and in one report the mode was not mentioned.
The age of the eldest bride was returned at 71 years, and the youngest at 15 years.
The age of the eldest bridegroom was returned at 61 years, and the youngest at 20
years. 42 Vic.
Births, Deaths, and Marriaqe3, 1877.
Of the Marriages above classed under the denomination of Episcopalians, 3 couple
wore returned as English Catholics, 3 couple as belonging to the Church of England, 1
couple as Anglicans, 10 couple as Episcopalians, and 3 couple as Eeformed Episcopalians.
TABLE B.
The following table will show the increase or decrease (as the case may be) in the
different Districts, between the number of Marriages registered in the years ending 31st
December, 1876, and 31st December, 1877.
Districts.
Number
Registered in
1876.
Number
Registered in
1877.
Increase.
Decrease.
92
16
14
8
6
1
3
1
64
12
13
3
"i
2
...
28
4
1
5
6
1
1
...
Totals	
141
95
...
46
Total Decrease	
46
Deaths.
The following table is an analysis of deaths registered, according to age and sex,
during the 12 months ending 31st December, 1877.
1
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3
4
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6
7
8
9
10
11
12
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No. 4. Yale, &c	
2
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No. 9. Kootenay, &c	
1
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25
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No. 10.  Cassiar, &c , 1.
1
3
5
2
3
19
10
30
4
73
98 Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
1878
The persons whose deaths are enumerated in the columns above, marked 4, 5, and
6, were natives of tho following countries:—
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30
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Total...
23
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2
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6
64
TABLE C.
The following table will show the increase or decrease (as the case may be) in tho
different Districts, between the number of deaths registered in the years ended 31st
.December, 1876, and 31st December, 1877.
Districts.
Number
Registrred in
1876.
Number
Registered in
1877.
Increase.
Decrease.
79
19
9
5
'_.
2
1
2
1L
42
24
12
2
2
6
2
5
3
5
3
"2
4
3
37
No. 4. Yale, &c	
3
No. 5. Clinton, &c	
2'
i
6
Totals	
130
98
17
49
17
32
Abstract of   Causes of Death.
Class       I. Zymotic  16
II. Diseases, uncertain seat    3
III. Tubercular  7
IV. Brain and Nervous System   8
V. Organs of Circulation  13
VI. Respiratory Organs  5
VII. Organs of Digestion  5
VIII. Urinary Organs  1
IX. Organs of Generation  5
X. Organs of Locomotion  1
XI. Skin disease...-  0
XII. Malformation  0
XIII. Atrophy  ,  4
XIV. Old age  2
XV. Sudden death   0
XVI. Violent death  16
Not specified , ,  12
Total..'., 42 Vic. Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
I.
Diptheria ,  4
Croup    5
Cholera Infantum   3
Dysentry  1
Typhoid Fever  2
Diarrhea  1
— 16
II.
Haemorrhage      1
Dropsy .„.,     2
— 3
III.
Phthisis     7
— 7
IV.
Paralysis     1
Apoplexy     3
Brain Disease     2
Convulsions      1
Meningitis     1
— 8
V.
Heart Disease ,  13
— 13
VI.
Pneumonia „,. ,     4
Congestion ,     1
— 5
VII.
Peritonitis     1
Liver Diseases     1
Cancer of Stomach     1
Ulceration of Intestines     1
Ascites  ,.,..,..„„., ...„.,.,,. .,,„.,     1
x-     5
VIII.
Bright's Disease of Kidneys     1
IX.
Childbirth     5
— 5
X.
Caries of Vertebra , , , ,     1
— 1
xi.—mi,
xii.—mi.
XIII.
Atrophy   , , ,     4
— 4
XIV.
Old age,,., ,„ „„„ „,     2
XV.-Nil.
XVI.
Intemperance „„„ 2
Suicide, (hanging) ,  1
Accidents, (poison) ,  .,.„ ,  1
,,        (drowning)   2
,, (fracture and contusion)  8
„ (frost-bite)  1
Murder, (gun-shot)  1
— lfl
Not specified „..,., ,  12
' —   12
Total..  98 10
Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1877.
1878
Table D.
Showing the aggregate results from the commencement of the Act to the 31st
December, 1877.
Years.
Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
Totals.
50
164
174
181
236
193
998
37
112
83
113
130
98
15
88
78
96
141
95
102
364
1873 	
1874	
1875 	
1876 	
507
386
573
513
2,084
Notwithstanding that the Department has made every effort, so far as the limited
means at its command would permit, io make tho Public fully acquainted with the
objects and provisions of the Act, the benefits conferred by Eegistration do not yet
seem to be appreciated, nor is the importance of the Act generally understood. Various
obstacles which stand in the way of obtaining complete Eeturns were pointed out in
previous Reports, amongst others "the difficulty of disseminating over a territory so
"vast and sparsely settled as that covered by the Eegistration Districts, information
« of the provisions and requirements of the Act," was mentioned; and suggestions were
also made, as to what would bo the best course to pursue in order to overcome those
obstacles without resorting to harsh measures, but v,V to the present time none of my
sue-eestions have been acted upon, and the Department has been left to administer the
Act as best it could without material aid from the Government; consequently the
facilities for effecting Eegistration are still imperfect and insufficient to meet the convenience of tho Public, and a great deal of ignorance still prevails in all parts of the
Province respecting the persons upon whom it is incumbent to make Eeports of Births,
Deaths, and Marriages respectively, to tho District .Registrars. There can be no doubt
but that these and other existing evils should bo remedied as soon as possible, and at
the risk of beina; deemed pertinacious, I would, in addition to the suggestions before
alluded to, further recommend that, notices should he annually published in all tho
Provincial newspapers, and hand-hills printed and posted up in all the Court houses,
Post Offices Hotels, and other Public Offices and places, shortly setting forth the
different classes of persons whose duty it is to make reports the information to be given
and the penalties for non-compliance. At the inception of the Ontario Act, this mode of
promulgating information was adopted in the Province of Ontario with so much success
that it has been continued up to the present time, and I have no doubt that its adoption
in this Province would not only exercise a very beneficial influence in promoting the
ends for which the Act was passed, but would also, with the aid of certain amendments
to the Act referred to in the next paragraph insure complete returns.^
With respect to Deaths, it is a well known fact that, in all countries where attention
has been given to the collection of vital statistics, anything like correct death returns
aro most difficult to obtain, and British Columbia forms no exception to the general
rule In other Provinces of the Dominion the laws relating to the registration of
Deaths are of the most stringent character, whilst the provisions of our Act in many
respects, seem wholly inadequate to effect tho purpose intended, and I feci convinced
that in order to make tho Death Tables of any statistical value, it has become necessary
that the Act should be so amended as to provide means for securing the most reliable
death returns that could be reasonably expected from the exceptional nature of the
country and a widely scattered population.   I beg therefore to recommend that a Bill 42 Via Births, Deaths, and Marriages,1877. 11
should be laid before the Legislative Assembly at its next sittings, having for its object
the amendment of the death clauses of the Act in the following respects:—
1. By striking out the words "or within thirty days thereafter" in section 8.
(Con. Stat.)
2. By adding a clause to the following effect, viz:—That every District Eegistrar
shall, immediately upon registering any death, or so soon thereafter as he is required so
to do, without fee or reward, deliver to any person requiring the same for the purposes
of burial, a certificate stating that the particulars of such death have been duly registered.
3. By adding a clause to the following effect, viz:—That every .Minister or other
person who buries or performs any funeral or religious service for the burial of any
dead body, unless he has received a certificate under the hand of tho Eegistrar of the
District in which the death took place, that the particulars of such death have been
duly registered, shall make a return of such death according to Schedule C of the said
Act, to the Eegistrar of the District in which the death took place, within 30 days after
such burial.
The proposed clauses 1 and 2 merely pave the way for the 3rd clause, which is the
pith of the Bill; and it will be observed that whilst securing the death return, it does
not in the least interfere with or obstruct the rite of Burial but merely imposes an^ additional duty on the Minister performing the burial service, a duty which the Legislatures of other Provinces have not hesitated to impose, and which the Clergy have
gracefully accepted.
4. By striking out, in Section 11 (Con. Stat.), the words "who shall have been in
" attendance during the last illness and until the death of any person shall, within thirty
" days after," and by inserting in lieu thereof the following words : " who was last in
" attendance during the last illness of any person shall, within thirty days after having
"notice or knowledge of the death of such person."
Medical men frequently object to certify to the cause of death, on the ground that
they were not in attendance "during the last illness and until the death," but had been
called in only occasionally at various stages of the illness; and the last proposed amendment is intended to cover such objections.
5. The term "occupier," used in Sections 5 and 8, should be defined to include the
Master, Governor, Keeper, Warden, Superintendent or Superior of any Gaol, Prison,
Penitentiary, Lunatic Asylum, Poor Asylum, Orphanage, Hospital, or other Publio or
Private Charitablo Institution.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
I have the honour to be,
Your Excellency's obedient servant,
H. B. W. Aikman,
Eegistrar-General.
EEai--TBAR.GENERAIi'S OFFICE,
Victoria, 1st May, 1878.

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