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REPORT On the subject of the Mission of the Hon. Richard McBride, Special Agent and Delegate of the Province… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1908

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 REPORT
On the subject of the Mission of the Hon. Richard McBride, Special Agent and
Delegate of the Province of British Columbia to England, with regard to the
claim of the Province for special treatment at the hands of the Dominion of
Canada.
By Command.
HENRY ESSON YOUNG,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
December 28th, 1907.
To His Honour James Dunsmuir,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia :
May it Please Your Honour :
I have the honour to submit for your consideration my report on a special mission to
England in connection with the Bill recently before the Imperial Parliament, having for its
object the readjustment of the subsidies paid by the Dominion of Canada to the various
Provinces. My visit, as you are aware, had special reference to the terms of the Bill in
question, by which it was proposed to make the settlement "final and unalterable," and I was
entrusted by Your Honour to proceed to London and lay before His Majesty's Government
the views of your Government and of the Legislature of British Columbia with respect to the
inadvisability, in the interests of this Province, of enacting the measure in the language of the
resolutions passed by the Dominion Parliament.
Pursuant to my commission as special delegate on behalf of your Government, I left
Victoria on the 11th day of April, 1907, arriving at Ottawa on April 16th. The same day I
called upon the Hon. R. W. Scott, Secretary of State, and requested that I be given the
credentials necessary to place me in official communication with the Secretary of State for the
Colonies. These I received on the day following, and leaving Ottawa the same afternoon, I
sailed from St. John, New Brunswick, on April 19th, arriving in London on Saturday, the 27th
day of April.
On the following Tuesday I visited the Colonial Office and requested the favour of an
interview with Lord Elgin, Secretary of State for the Colonies. This was arranged for Friday,
the 3rd day of May ; and upon that day I waited upon His Lordship, presented my credentials,
as well as the Petition which accompanies this Report (No. 6), and later, for the further information of His Lordship, sent to the Colonial Office copies of the Reports of the various
Delegations from the Government of British Columbia to Ottawa (vide B. C. Sessional Papers
1901, p. 545; 1903, p. K 3 ; 1904, p. G 15 ; 1905, p. F 39), and the Report of the Inter-
Provincial Conference at Ottawa of 1906 (vide Sessional Papers 1907, p. D 1).
In the course of this interview I set forth as fully as possible the position of British
Columbia with regard to the case for special treatment by the Dominion, and particularly
pointed out the hardship that would be inflicted upon the Province if the proposed grant from
the Dominion of $100,000 per annum for ten years should be pronounced by the Imperial
Parliament in the British North America Act as a " final and unalterable " settlement of the
special claims of this Province. C 2 Hon. Mr. McBeide's Mission to England. 1908
I made it clear to His Lordship that while I realised that no Act of Parliament could be
regarded as " final and unalterable " in its effect, yet the using of such words in the text would
seem to express an intention on the part of the Dominion Parliament and of a majority of the
Governments of the Provinces of Canada, against which the Government, Legislature and
people of British Columbia were resolutely opposed, and that if allowed to remain would be
prejudical in the extreme to the hope of the question of our special claim ever being again
opened up.
On Monday, the 6th day of May, I met, by appointment, Mr. Winston Churchill, M. P.,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, and had a long conversation with
him and with Sir Francis J. Hopwood, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies,
dealing with the subject of my mission.
I met Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada, in London on two occasions with a
view to amicable settlement of the difficulty by agreement, but he was unwilling to accept any
modification in the text of the Bill.
During the next few weeks further interviews took place with the officials of the Colonial
Office.
With reference to the various discussions I had on the subject of my mission, I found
that the feeling at first prevailed that as the Dominion Parliament and the Governments of
the Provinces of Canada, with the single exception of that of British Columbia, had asked for
the Bill in the form proposed, the Imperial Parliament was bound to respect their wishes and
give them effect. Otherwise it would appear as an interference in the domestic affairs of
Canada, a course to which His Majesty's Government or the members of the Imperial Parliament would be wholly averse. I had some difficulty in dissipating this view of the case, but
I was, as you will observe by the correspondence, quite successful. I endeavoured to make it
clear that, while in some respects Confederation might be regarded as a pact among Provinces
as well as with the Dominion, the Terms of Union, in each instance, represented a separate
and distinct treaty with Canada entered into without reference to the terms granted to other
Provinces, and that, therefore, it followed that in changing the Terms of Union we had to
deal with the Dominion alone. To say that British Columbia was bound to accept the terms
of subsidy recommended by the other Provinces would be to coerce that Province and to
seriously invade provincial rights. I asked that the Province be permitted to settle its claims
for increased allowance with the Dominion Government in its own way ; and pointed out that,
so far as such a course being one of interference in the domestic affairs of Canada, it left the
Imperial authorities in a position of perfect neutrality; whereas passing the Act in the form
proposed, the Imperial Government was taking sides with the Dominion of Canada against the
Province in their dispute and confirming an act to which the people of British Columbia were
utterly opposed. I am happy to say that this view ultimately prevailed and the Bill in its
modified form, with the words "final and unalterable" eliminated, was introduced and passed
the House of Commons without opposition.
On the 5th day of June I received the following official communication :—
" Downing Street,
June 5th, 1907.
« SIK) I am directed by the Earl of Elgin to inform you that his Lordship has given the
most careful consideration to the documents which you presented to him and to the views
advanced against the proposed amendment of the British North America Act fixing the scale
of payments to be made by the Dominion of Canada to the several Provinces.
" 2. Lord Elgin fully appreciates the force of the opinion expressed that the British
North America Act was the result of terms of union agreed upon by the contracting Provinces and that its terms cannot be altered merely at the wish of the Dominion Government. 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 3
" 3. But, in this case, besides the unanimous approval of the Dominion Parliament in
which British Columbia is of course represented to the proposed amendment of section 118 of
the British North America Act, his Lordship is bound to take into account the fact, that at
the Conference of 1906 the representatives of all the other Provinces of Canada have concurred
in fixing at $100,000 annually for ten years the additional allowance payable to British
Columbia, while re-jecting the claim of Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan for additional
grants, and that they also rejected the proposal that the claim of any province should be
referred to arbitration.
" 4. His Lordship feels, therefore, that in view of the unanimity of the Dominion Government and of all the Provincial Governments, save that of British Columbia, he would not in
the interests of Canada be justified in any effort to override the decision of the Dominion
Parliament or to compel the reference of the question to arbitration.
" 5. I am to add that no mention will be made in the Imperial Act of the settlement being
" final and unalterable," such terms being obviously inappropriate in a legislative enactment.
" 6. His Lordship also desires it to be understood that he expressed no opinion upon the
sufficiency or otherwise of the quantum of extra contribution awarded to British Columbia.
" I am, Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
(Signed)        " H. Bertram Cox."
I next day sent the following acknowledgment to Lord Elgin :—
" Hotel Victoria, London, W. C,
"June 5th, 1907.
"My Lord,—I have the honour to acknowledge a communication of this date, over the
signature of Mr. H. Bertram Cox, informing me of the decision of Your Lordship on the
question of the protest of the Province of British Columbia against the enactment by the
Imperial Parliament of certain legislation, in amendment of the British North America Act,
sought by the Dominion Government.
" 2. With reference to paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 thereof, in view of the fact that the Terms
of Union between British Columbia and Canada are virtually a treaty, I beg most respectfully
to adhere to the position that the circumstance of the Dominion Parliament and the other
Provinces, acting in unison and substantially in opposition to the demands of British Columbia,
should not be considered as at all prejudicial to the rights of the Province. Furthermore, the
attention of Your Lordship is directed to the fact that, at the Conference at Ottawa during
October last, I protested that British Columbia's claim should not be considered by that
Conference, but was one as between the Governments of British Columbia and the Dominion.
" 3. With respect to paragraph 5, section 2 of the Resolutions of the Legislature of
British Columbia, passed on March 25th last, among other things, protested against the settlement being made ' final and unalterable,' and it is with much satisfaction that I note the
assurance of Your Lordship that no mention of these terms will be made in the Imperial Act
about to be submitted.
" 4. In so far as paragraph 6 is concerned, since Your Lordship has decided to express
no opinion upon the sufficiency of the extra contribution to British Columbia, it is made clear
beyond question that the right of the Province to still press upon the Dominion for better
and fairer terms is in no way prejudiced.
" 5. In a general way I would venture to observe that Your Lordship appreciates the
force of the opinion expressed that the British North America Act was the result of terms
agreed upon by the contracting Provinces, individually, and the Dominion, and is not to be
altered solely at the wish of the Parliament of Canada. This lies at the basis of our contention. Although the principles which underlie the Act of Confederation are common and
uniform, the financial arrangements under which the Provinces entered the Dominion are
essentially separate and distinct, based upon special conditions in each Province. The Terms
of Union between British Columbia and the Dominion of Canada are in many respects unlike
those of the other Provinces in Canada; therefore, special requirements cannot in justice be
made subject to the will or arbitrament of an inter-Provincial Conference having only in view
the basis of a re-adjustment uniformly applicable to all.
" 6. The Dominion Government has admitted the right of British Columbia to special
recognition, but the question as to the additional allowance to which that Province is entitled C 4 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
still remains. The extra contribution to British Columbia, offered by the Dominion Government, is deemed wholly insufficient; therefore, it would appear that a fair and adequate
settlement can best be arrived at by a competent Commission of Enquiry.
" I have the honour to be,
" My Lord,
" Your Lordship's most obedient servant,
i "Richard McBride.
" The Right Honourable
" The Earl of Elgin, K. 67., etc., etc."
On the 13th day of June the British North America Bill "To make further provision
with respect to the sums of money to be paid by Canada to the several Provinces of the
Dominion," was introduced by Mr. Churchill in the House of Commons.    (Appendix A.)
This Bill was read a second time on June 21st, and passed its third reading on June 27th.
Next day I took my departure from London, arriving at Victoria on the 14th day of July.
Immediately upon my return home my attention was directed to a statement in press
despatches from London to the effect that the words " final and unalterable " were proposed
to be inserted in the B N.A. Bill, in the House of Lords.
While unable to believe that such a course could be followed by His Majesty's Government, in view of the definite assurance given in the letter from the Colonial Office of the 5th
day of June, already referred to, I deemed it my duty to communicate to Lord Elgin that
such a report was abroad, and I therefore cabled on the 15th day of July as follows :—
"Victoria, B.C., July 15th, 1907.
" Colonial Secretary, London :
" Press despatches state proposal submitted Lords inclusion ' final and unalterable ' B. N.
A. Amendment. While impossible accept this seriously in view of your assurances to me in
your letter June fifth and Under Secretary's statements in Commons feel it my duty to report
to you circulation of this report.
" R. McBride."
On July 17th I sent a further cablegram to Lord Elgin as follows : —
"Victoria, July 17, 1907.
"Right Honourable Earl of Elgin,
Colonial Secretary, London :
" In the absence of an official answer to my cable fifteenth instant I beg most respectfully
to submit that should it be determined to alter B. N. A. Act Amendment as passed by
Commons June 27th your Lordship will so arrange that right of British Columbia to negotiate
further with Dominion is in no way embarrassed or controlled.
"R. McBride."
The following cable reply was received from Lord Elgin :—
"London, July 18th, 1907.
" Honourable R. McBride, Victoria :
" Your telegrams fifteenth and eighteenth July. For reasons given in letter fifth June
words final and unalterable were not and are not included in enacting part of Bill, but at
request of Dominion Government address to Dominion Parliament is referred to in preamble
and full text inserted as schedule to Bill. Imperial Act cannot affect right of future negotiations.
" Elgin."
It will be seen from Lord Elgin's cablegram to me, and by referring to the official report
of his remarks in moving the amendment in Committee of the Whole on the 16th day of July
in the House of Lords (Parliamentary Debates, 1907, vol. 178, p. 467), that the words "final
and unalterable " were not inserted in the text of the Bill, the amendment merely adding the 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 5
address of the Dominion Government as a schedule, still preserving to British Columbia the
right'to press its claims for special consideration on the Dominion. The Act as finally
assented to on the 9th of August, 1907, is annexed to this report.    (Appendix B).
Your Honour will undoubtedly be gratified to learn that although burdened with the
many duties incident to the sitting of Parliament and of the Imperial Conference, Lord Elgin
and Mr. Churchill afforded me the fullest opportunity to present my case. I also desire to
acknowledge the many kindnesses I received at the hands of Sir Francis Hopwood and of Mr.
Hamar Greenwood, M.P., Parliamentary Secretary to Mr. Churchill.
I wish to bear testimony to the assistance rendered by Mr. J. H. Turner, Agent-General
for British Columbia, and his unremitting attention to the various details in which his
services could be made useful.
I desire also to express my appreciation of the many courtesies extended to me by Lord
Strathcona, High Commissioner for Canada, during my stay in London.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
RICHARD McBRIDE.  CORRESPONDENCE   AND   PAPERS
Connected   with   the   Honourable   Richard   McBride's   Mission
to   England.
[No. 1.]
The Lieutenant-Governor to the Secretary of State, Ottawa.
Victoria, B. C, 2nd April, 1907.
Sir,—I have the honour to transmit to you herewith copy of an approved Minute, dated
30th March last, covering a copy of a Resolution of the Legislative Assembly, with reference
to the financial subsidies to the Provinces and to the claims of British Columbia to special
recognition.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        James Dunsmuir,
The Honourable Lieutenant-Governor.
The Secretary of State.
Copy of a Report of a  Committee of the Honourable the Executive Council, approved by His
Honour the Lieutenant-Governor on the SOth day of March, 1907.
The Committee of Council submit for the approval of His Honour the Lieutenant-
Governor the Resolution of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia,
with reference to the financial subsidies to the Provinces and to the claims of British Columbia
to special recognition, hereto attached, and advise that a copy thereof be forwarded to the
Honourable the Secretary of State of Canada for the consideration of His Excellency the
Governor-General in Council, and that a further copy of the Resolution be forwarded to His
Excellency with a request that it be transmitted to the Right Honourable the Secretary of
State for the Colonies.
(Signed)        Fred. J. Fulton,
Clerk of the Executive Council.
Copy of a Resolution passed by the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia
on the "25th of March, 1907.
Whereas, by letter dated the 10th clay of September, 1906, the Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid
Laurier, G. C. M. G., invited the Honourable Richard McBride, Premier of British Columbia,
to attend a Conference with the Dominion Government to discuss the financial subsidies to the
Provinces, which said invitation was accepted by the said Honourable Richard McBride:
And whereas, the said Conference was held at Ottawa, from October Sth to 13th, inclusive,
being attended by said Honourable Richard McBride, as Premier, on behalf of the Province
of British Columbia :
And whereas, by a resolution of the said Conference, passed on October 10th, 1896, it
was resolved " That the subject-matter of the resolutions adopted by the Conference of the
representatives of the several Provinces, held at Quebec, in December, 1 902, and which were
shortly thereafter presented to the Government of the Dominion and which were ratified by the Legislatures of the then existing Provinces, except that of British Columbia, be now
pressed upon the Government of the Dominion for immediate and favourable action, under
reserve of the right of any Province to now submit to such Government memoranda, in writing,
concerning any claims it may have to larger sums than those set out in the said resolutions,
or to additional consideration or recognition."
And whereas, in pursuance of the said resolution, the said Honourable Richard McBride
submitted such memoranda to the Government of the Dominion, setting forth the claims of
British Columbia to special recognition :
And whereas, in order to obtain a just and impartial investigation of such claims for
special recognition, it was, in the said memoranda, suggested that "The Government of British
Columbia, in view of all the considerations which have been advanced in support of the claims
of that Province, reaffirms its position in regard to the desirability of a complete investigation
by a competent tribunal of the merits of the Provincial contention. It is therefore asked that
a Commission be appointed consisting of three persons of eminent repute, one to be named by
the Government of the Dominion of Canada, one by the Government of British Columbia, and
the third by the Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies. It is asked that the reply
of the Dominion Government be made definite and final within three months from the present
time."
And whereas the said request for such competent tribunal was refused by the Right Hon.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier in the following words, as appears by the Minutes of the meetings of the
said Conference with the Dominion Government:—
" I have given careful consideration to the memorial of British Columbia's Government,
and particularly to the request that a Commission be appointed for the purpose of inquiring
into the financial relations between the Dominion and the Province. I have been unable to
reach the conclusion that the appointment of such a Commission would be the best way of
dealing with a question of this kind. I fear that such a course would not lead to the harmonious settlement of the grants to Provinces, which all should desire to bring about. However,
I regard the matter at present more as one for the opinion of the Conference than for the
judgment of the Dominion Government. You have assembled for the purpose of considering
the sums which should properly be paid by the Dominion to the Provinces in the way of
subsidy and allowance for the maintenance of Government. The British Columbia proposal
comes entirely within the chief purpose of this Conference. If this Conference, after hearing
Mr. McBride's arguments in support of his contention, reach the conclusion that an arbitration should take place, through a Commission, for the purpose of dealing with the claim of
British Columbia, that would present the matter to the Dominion Government in a new light,
and, while I am not prepared to express any final opinion, I can say at once that such a
recommendation from the Conference would have great weight with us, and we should feel
bound to give it further consideration. While I give you this expression of my own views
and of the views of my colleagues who are here with me, I shall, if you will permit me, offer
a suggestion. I think there is a disposition on the part of the Conference to recognise that
the conditions in British Columbia, owing to the vastness of her territory, to its mountainous
character, and the sparseness of her population, create exceptional difficulties which should be
taken into consideration in the adjustment of the distribution of the grants in aid of Provincial Governments. I am, myself, disposed to admit that such is the case. I would strongly
advise that Mr. McBride avail himself of the good disposition which is manifested in the
Conference, and at once approach the question of what allowance, in addition to that already
contemplated, should be made to meet British Columbia's difficulties. It is a question which,
after all, can better be settled here than anywhere else. I feel assured that the Conference
will be willing to deal with the matter in a spirit of fairness to British Columbia. I propose,
therefore, that we shall leave you to discuss the question frankly with one another, and come
to you again when probably you will have reached some satisfactory agreement."
And whereas, on October 12th, 1906, the said Conference, by a majority vote Resolved,—
"That, in the opinion of the Conference, it is inadvisable that the claim, in the way of
subsidies, of any Province be referred to arbitration."
And whereas, the said Honourable Richard McBride protested against the said last-
named resolution in the following words :—" I protest that the question of British Columbia's
claim upon the Dominion Government for a reference should not be considered by this Conference, but that it is a question between the Government of British Columbia and the
Dominion Government." 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 9
And whereas, in despite of this protest, the said Conference proceeded to discuss the right
of this Province to exceptional treatment, and, on October 12th, 1906, the following resolution was introduced thereat: —
" That in view of the large area, geographical position and very exceptional physical
features of the Province of British Columbia, it is the opinion of this Conference that the
said Province should receive a reasonable additional allowance for the purposes of civil
government, in excess of the provisions made in the Quebec Resolutions of 1902, and that
such additional allowance should be to the extent of one hundred thousand dollars, annually,
for ten years."
And whereas, in a further endeavour to secure harmonious action by the said Conference,
and at the same time secure a measure of justice for the Province of British Columbia, the
said Honourable Richard McBride proposed, by way of substitution for the last quoted
resolution, the following alternative proposition :—
" That in case the proposed readjustment of subsidies, as set out in the resolutions of the
Quebec Conference of Provincial Premiers, be accepted by the Dominion Government, there
shall be paid to the Province of British Columbia each and every year, in addition to the payments and subsidies otherwise provided, an amount understood to be what the Dominion of
Canada is willing to pay, and the Province of British Columbia to receive, as a nominal
recognition of the disabilities borne by the Province, owing to peculiar physical conditions,
and from other causes set forth in the case of British Columbia for Better Terms and accompanying memorandum:
" That the said annual amount shall be fixed in the following manner :
" $1 per head of the population until the amount reaches $300,000 ; to remain fixed until
the population is 400,000 :
"75 cents per head of the population thereafter until the amount reaches $400,000 per
annum ; to remain fixed until the population is 800,000 :
" 50 cents per head of the population thereafter until the amount reaches $500,000 ; to
remain fixed until the population is 1,500,000 :
" 33J cents per head of the population thereafter until the amount reaches $600,000; to
remain fixed until the population is 2,500,000 :
" 25 cents per head of the population thereafter " ;
which was not entertained by the said Conference :
And whereas, the said Honourable Richard McBride thereupon withdrew from the said
Conference, which thereupon passed the said resolution :
And whereas, the said Honourable Richard McBride again appealed to the said Conference, by a letter to the Hon. L. Gouin, the Chairman of the same, in the following terms :—
Ottawa, October 13th, 1906.
" Honourable L. Gouin,
" Chairman Inter-Provincial Conference, Ottawa :
" Sir,—In view of the critical stage reached in the negotiations in respect to the
additional allowance claimed by British Columbia, I desire to place my position clearly and
explicitly on record.
" There are three main phases of the case of the Province determining the attitude of its
Government, to which I wish particularly to direct the attention of the members of this
Conference :
" 1. British Columbia did not secure as favourable terms upon entering Confederation as
subsequent events have shown it was entitled to have obtained.
" 2. The Province, by reason of its peculiar circumstances, has contributed, and still
continues to contribute, per head, enormously in excess of the average of the rest of the
Dominion to the Federal Treasury.
" 3. Owing to the physical conditions of British Columbia, the average cost of administration per capita, has, for a period covering thirty years, been shown to be five times that of
the other Provinces. The physical conditions to which I refer either do not exist at all in the
other Provinces or not by any means in the same degree.
"There has been no attempt made to dispute the facts of our case, and I hold that our
contentions are incontrovertible. I cannot, therefore, be expected to forego the pressing of
claims founded upon such facts, for the sole purpose of arriving at unanimity and harmony in this Conference, however desirable in itself the latter may be.    Even were I disposed to make
the sacrifice, the people of the Province would not exonerate me.
"I take the position that if the members of this Conference recognise the claims of
British Columbia for special consideration they are morally bound to give them their support.
If, on the other hand, they do not admit their validity, it is, I admit, equally incumbent in
their case to assist in having our claims investigated before a competent and independent
tribunal. Our contentions are sound or they are not sound. With this in view, I have
insisted upon a formal declaration of the attitude of this Conference being placed on record
before proceeding with a discussion of the terms I have proposed.
" As to the terms of the settlement in respect to additional allowance, there is no exact
mathematical basis upon which to proceed. I have endeavoured, however, to come to a just
conclusion as to what should be a fair compensation for our special condition and circumstances.
" The underlying principle I have kept in mind in respect to our physical disabilities,
which is our main claim for compensation, is that the allowance should not be based on
population alone, but also upon the cost of administration per head of the population. It is
obviously very much cheaper to administer a small, compact area with a large population,
than to administer a larger, broken area with a scattered population.
" The disparity under this head in the case of British Columbia is so great that no
general allowance considered adequate for the other Provinces can uniformly and justly apply
to its conditions.
" Our disabilities are of a permanent character and can never be overcome. Therefore,
the additional allowance for this condition must, if admitted at all, remain as permanent as
the disabilities are.
" It is true that with the increase of our population, the relative cost per head may, and
probably will, slightly decrease in time, but while the ratio of disparity may alter, the general
condition will always remain.
" Moreover, our requirements for developments in the immediate future, and by reason of
sparse population, are per head greater than they will be after some time to come.
" Consideration also must be had for the disabilities and conditions of the past as well as
for those of the future.
" Therefore, the proposal I have submitted, as to amounts asked, has been framed on a
sliding scale which conforms to the principles we have laid down. It applies, so to speak,
automatically, or as nearly so as we can conceive it should apply.
" I wish to state here in all earnestness that I cannot depart from those principles in any
settlement we may make in respect to our special claims. I am not bound to the exact letter
of our demands, and I am willing to go as far as possible, consistent with our general position, to
meet the wishes of my confreres on this occasion; but, unless the members of this Conference
are prepared to go much further in my direction than they have done, it is useless to discuss
such an arrangement as is contained in the resolation of to-day, and I had no other alternative other than to protest and to retire, declining to take further part in the proceedings.
" No one has been more anxious than I am to reach a conclusion that will be unanimous.
I have done the utmost, in the interest of our common cause, to bring about such a result.
" I have the honour to be, Sir,
" Faithfully yours,
" Richard McBride."
which was replied to in the following terms :
" Honourable Richard McBride,
" Prime Minister of British Columbia.
" Dear Sir,—I am instructed by the Interprovincial Conference to acknowledge the
receipt of your letter of the 13th instant, setting forth the position assumed by you towards
it, and, in answer, to state as follows :—
" The resolution to which you refer and which was adopted on the day you addressed
your letter to me, reads thus :
" That in view of the large area, geographical position and very exceptional physical
features of the Province of British Columbia, it is the opinion of this Conference that the said
Province should receive a reasonable additional allowance  for the purposes of Civil Govern- 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 11
ment in excess of the provisions made in the Quebec Resolutions of 1902, and that such
additional allowance should be to the extent of one hundred thousand dollars annually for ten
years.'"
" This resolution shows distinctly that the Conference recognised the claim of British
Columbia for exceptional treatment. I am specially directed to add that it was passed after
all the data presented by you had been fully considered."
" I have the honour to be, Sir,
"Yours respectfully,
"Lomer Gouin,
"Chairman of the Conference."
and the Conference shortly afterwards dissolved.
And whereas, notice has been given by the Right Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier in
the Dominion House of Commons at Ottawa, that an humble address be presented to His
Majesty praying for an amendment to the " British North America Act," to amend the scale
of payments to be made by Canada to the several Provinces of the Dominion for the support
of their Governments and Legislatures, the proposed amendments being as follows :—
"(a.) Instead of the amounts now paid, the sums hereafter payable yearly by Canada to
the several Provinces for the support of their Governments and Legislatures to be according
to the population, and as follows :—
" 1. Where the population of the Province is under 150,000, $100,000.
"2. Where the population of the Province is 150,000 but does not exceed 200,000,
$150,000.
" 3. Where the population of the Province is 200,000 but does not exceed 400,000,
$180,000,
"4. Where the population of the Province is 400,000 but does not exceed 800,000,
$190,000.
" 5. Where the populatiou of the Province is 800,000 but does not exceed 1,500,000,
$220,000.
"6. Where the population of the Province exceeds 1,500,000, $240,000.
" (b.) Instead of an annual grant per head of population now allowed, the annual payment hereafter to be at the same rate of 80 cents per head, but on the population of each
Province as ascertained from time to time by the last decennial census, until such population
exceeds 2,500.000, and at the rate of 60 cents per head for so much of said population as may
exceed 2,500,000.
"(c.) An additional allowance to the extent of $100,000 annually for ten years to the
Province of British Columbia."
Said resolution proceeds : " We pray that Your Majesty may be graciously pleased to
cause a measure to be laid before the Imperial Parliament, at its present session, repealing the
provisions of section 118 of ' The British North America Act, 1867,' aforesaid, and substituting
therefor the scale of payments above set forth, which shall be a final and unalterable settlement of the amounts paid yearly to the several Provinces of the Dominion for their local
purposes and the support of their Governments and Legislatures. Such grants shall be paid
half-yearly, in advance, to each Province, but the Government of Canada shall deduct from
such grants as against any Province all sums chargeable as interest on the public debt of
that Province in excess of the several amounts stipulated in the said Act.
"All of which we humbly pray Your Majesty to take into your most favourable and
gracious consideration."
Be it therefore Resolved—
1. That this House endorses the course taken by Honourable Richard McBride, Premier
of British Columbia, at the said Conference in respect to all the foregoing described actions :
2. That this House is further of the opinion that the proposed additional allowance of
,000)  one hundred thousand dollars annually, for ten years, as compensation for the
recognised claims of British Columbia, is inadequate, and cannot be accepted as a final and
unalterable settlement :
3. That this House is of the opinion that a matter of such a voluminous nature as the
claims of British Columbia for special financial recognition by the Dominion was, and is, not
of such a character as can be justly considered by a Conference of the kind above mentioned
by reason of the fact that a proper investigation would occupy much more time than would be C 12 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
available at such a Conference were the claims of British Columbia only to be considered ; and
that a proper investigation of such claims would entail those charged with it visiting British
Columbia and examining conditions on the spot; and that an independent tribunal such as
suggested in the memoranda mentioned above would be the only just method of arriving at a
proper decision as to such claims; and that, particularly, in view of the fact that other
Provinces of the Dominion are making similar claims of a financial character there is such a
conflict of interest as would militate very strongly against an equitable decision as to the
claims of British Columbia being arrived at by a tribunal composed, in its entirety, of representatives of other Provinces :
4. That an humble Address be presented to His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor requesting that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to His Excellency the Governor-General in
Council for consideration ; and that a further copy thereof, accompanied by what documentary
evidence His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may deem expedient, be transmitted
to His Excellency the Governor-General, with the request that it be transmitted, through the
proper channel, to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
[No.  2.]
The Lieutenant-Governor to the Secretary of State, Ottawa.
Victoria, B. C, 2nd April, 1907.
Sir,—I have the honour to enclose, for the consideration of His Excellency the Governor-
General, copy of an approved Minute of the Executive Council of this Province dated 30th
March last, referring to the Inter-Provincial Conference at Ottawa in October last, and to the
Resolution passed by the Legislative Assembly on the 5th March, endorsing the course taken
by the Honourable Mr. McBride at the said Conference.
The Minute also represents, that with a view to the protection of the interests of this
Province, it is advisable that the case of British Columbia should be submitted for the consideration of the Imperial Government, and, in accordance with the advice of my Ministers, I
have appointed the Honourable Mr. McBride, the Premier of this Province, as Special Agent
and Delegate, for the purpose of laying the appeal of British Columbia before the Imperial
Government.
At the request of my Ministers, I beg you to inform His Excellency the Governor-General
that Mr. McBride has been duly appointed as such Special Agent and Delegate, and to move
His Excellency to acquaint the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies that
Mr. McBride has been authorised and instructed to place in his hands the case of this Province,
and to take such steps as may be necessary to place the appeal of British Columbia before his
Majesty's Government; and beg also to request that Mr. McBride be provided with a suitable
introduction to His Majesty's Secretary of State for the Colonies.
I have, etc.,
(Signed)        James Dunsmuir,
Lieutenant-Governor.
The Honourable the Secretary of State.
Copy of a Report of a Committee of the Honourable the Executive Council, approved by His
Honour the Lieutenant-Governor on the SOth day of March, 1907.
The Committee of Council have had under consideration the report of the Honourable
Richard McBride of the proceedings in the Inter-Provincial Conference at Ottawa in October,
1906, submitted to the Legislative Assembly on March 20th, 1907, and the Committee remark :
That notice has been given in the Dominion House of Commons at Ottawa, by the Right
Honourable Sir Wilfred Laurier, of an address to His Majesty the King, praying for an
amendment to the " British North America Act," to amend the scale of payments to be made
by Canada to the several Provinces of the Dominion for the support of their Governments and
Legislatures ; and also for the payment of an additional allowance, to the extent of $100,000 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 13
annually for ten years, to the Province of British Columbia; such payments to be a final and
unalterable settlement of the amounts paid yearly to the several Provinces of the Dominion
for their local purposes and the support of their Governments and Legislatures;
That on March 25th, 1907, the Legislative Assembly resolved as follows :
" 1. That this House endorses the course taken by Honourable Richard McBride, Premier
of British Columbia, at the said Conference, in respect to all the foregoing described actions :
"2. That this House is further of opinion that the proposed additional allowance of
($100,000) one hundred thousand dollars annually, for ten years, as compensation for the
recognised claims of British Columbia, is inadequate and cannot be accepted as a final and
unalterable settlement:
" 3. That this House is of the opinion that a matter of such a voluminous nature as the
claims of British Columbia for special financial recognition by the Dominion was, and is, not of
such a character as can be justly considered by a Conference of the kind above mentioned, by
reason of the fact that a proper investigation would occupy much more time than would be
available at such a conference were the claims of British Columbia only to be considered ; and
that a proper investigation of such claims would entail those charged with it visiting British
Columbia and examining conditions on the spot; and that an independent tribunal, such as
suggested in the memoranda mentioned above, would be the only just method of arriving
at a proper decision as to such claims ; and that, particularly in view of the fact that other
Provinces of the Dominion are making similar claims of a financial character, there is such a
conflict of interest as would militate very strongly against an equitable decision as to the claims
of British Columbia being arrived at by a tribunal composed, in its entirety, of representatives of
other Provinces :
" 4. That an humble Address be presented to His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor,
requesting that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to His Excellency the Governor-General
in Council for consideration; and that a further copy thereof, accompanied by what documentary evidence His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may deem expedient, be
transmitted to His Excellency the Governor-General, with the request that it be transmitted,
through the proper channel, to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies."
That with a view to the protection of the interests of this Province, it is advisable that
the case of British Columbia be submitted for the consideration of the Imperial Government :
The Committee, therefore, advise that, should this report be approved, the Honourable
Richard McBride be appointed a Special Agent and Delegate, instructed to proceed to London
for the purpose of placing the appeal of British Columbia in the hands of the Secretary of
State for the Colonies, and of taking such other steps as may be necessary to bring the case of
British Columbia before his Majesty's Government; and request Your Honour to inform His
Excellency the Governor-General of Mr. McBride's appointment, and ask that he be provided
with a suitable introduction to His Majesty's Secretary of State for the Colonies.
(Signed)        Fred. J. Fulton,
Clerk of the Executive Council.
[No.  3.]
The Lieutenant-Governor to the Secretary of State, Ottawa.
Victoria, B. C, 3rd April, 1907.
Sir,—Referring to my letter of yesterday, I have the honour to enclose herewith, for
transmission to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies, a further copy
of the resolution of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, with reference to the financial subsidies to the Provinces and to the claims of British Columbia to special
recognition.
I have, etc.,
(Signed)        James Dunsmuir,
Lieutenant-Governor.
The Honourable the Secretary of State,
Ottawa. C 14 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
[No. 4.]
The Lieutenant-Governor to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, London.
Victoria, B. C, 3rd April, 1907.
My Lord,—I have the honour to state that I have, at the instance of my responsible
advisers, addressed to your Lordship a telegraphic despatch to the following effect:—
"Colonial Secretary, London, 3rd April.
" Ministry desire notify you that delegate proceeds London immediately lay before you
case of British Columbia regarding proposed amendment British North America Act, grant
for special claims of Province as final and unalterable, being inadequate.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) " James Dunsmuir,
" The Right Honourable the Secretary of State
for the Colonies, London."
' Lieutenant-Governor.
[No. 5.]
Telegram.
Victoria, B. C, 8th April, 1907.
To the Secretary oj State, Ottawa.
Referring to my letter of 2nd instant, Mr. McBride will be passing through Ottawa on
16th instant and will be glad to find credentials ready for him.
James Dunsmuir,
Lieutenant-Governor.
[No. 6.]
Copy of a Report of a Committee of the Honourable the Executive Council, approved by His
Honour the Lieutenant-Governor on the 10th day cf April, 1907.
To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council :—
The undersigned has the honour to recommend that the Memorial, hereunto appended, of
the case of British Columbia be adopted, and presented to the Right Honourable the Secretary
of State for the Colonies by the Honourable Richard McBride, on behalf of the Committee of
Council of British Columbia.
Dated this 9th day of April, A. D. 1907.
Henry Esson Young,
Provincial Secretary.
TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
Most Gracious Sovereign :
We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Committee of the Executive
Council of the Province of British Columbia in Council assembled, humbly approach Your
Majesty for the purpose of duly presenting :
That in the month of October, 1906, on the invitation of the Right Honourable Sir
Wilfrid Laurier, G. C. M. G., the Honourable Richard McBride, Premier of British Columbia,
attended at Ottawa a conference of the Premiers of the Provinces of Canada with the Dominion
Government to discuss the financial subsidies of the Provinces :
That the following resolution was passed on October 9th, 1906, by the representatives of
the various Provinces, and was placed before the Dominion Government on October 10th,
1906:— 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 15
"That the subject-matter of the Resolutions adopted by the Conference of the representatives of the several Provinces, held at Quebec in December, 1902, and which were shortly
thereafter presented to the Government of the Dominion and which were ratified by the
Legislatures of the then existing Provinces, except that of British Columbia, be now pressed
upon the Government of the Dominion for immediate and favourable action, under the reserve
of the right of any Province to now submit to such Government memoranda, in writing,
concerning any claims it may have to larger sums than those set out in the said Resolutions,
or to additional consideration or recognition."
(Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, page 16 ; Exhibit "■ A" appended.)
That in pursuance of the said resolution the Honourable Richard McBride submitted a
memorandum to the Government of the Dominion setting forth the claims of British Columbia
to special recognition.
( Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference between Members of the Government of Canada and of
the various Provincial Governments, October 10th, Sessional Paper 29a of House of Commons of Canada,
1907, page 7 et seq.; Exhibit "45" appended,)
That in order to obtain a just and impartial investigation of such claims for special
recognition, it was in the said memorandum suggested that—
" The Government of British Columbia, in view of all the considerations which have begn
advanced in support of the claims of that Province, reaffirms its position in regard to the
desirability of a complete investigation, by a competent tribunal, of the merits of the Provincial contention. It is, therefore, asked that a Commission be appointed, consisting of three
persons of eminent repute, one to be named by the Government of the Dominion of Canada,
one by the Government of British Columbia, and a third by the Honourable the Secretary of
State for the Colonies. It is asked that the reply of the Dominion Government be made
definite and final within three months of the present time."
That the said request for such competent tribunal was not granted by the Dominion
Government; the Right Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier, on its behalf, saying :—
'• I have been unable to reach the conclusion that the appointment of such a Commission
would be the best wa}r of dealing with a question of the kind."
( Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference between Members of the Government of Canada and of
the various Provincial Governments, October 12th, Sessional Paper No. 29a, 1907, of House of Commons of
Canada, pages 11 and 12 ; Exhibit " B " appended.)
That on October 12th, 1906, the said Conference by a majority vote, resolved :—
" That in the opinion of the Conference, it is inadvisable that the claim, in the way of
subsidies, of any Province be referred to arbitration."
( Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, page 21; Exhibit " A " appended.)
That the Honourable Richard McBride protested against the last-named resolution in the
following words :—
" I protest that the question of British Columbia's claim upon the Dominion Government
for a reference should not be considered by this Conference, but that it is a question between
the Government of British Columbia and- the Dominion Government."
Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference,  October 12th, 1906, p. 22; Exhibit "A" appended.)
That in spite of this protest the said Conference proceeded to discuss the right of this
Province to exceptional treatment; and that on October 12th, 1906, the following resolution
was introduced thereat:—
" That in view of the large area, geographical position, and very exceptional physical
features of the Province of British Columbia, it is the opinion of this Conference that the said
Province should receive a reasonable additional allowance for the purposes of Civil Government, in excess of the provisions made in the Quebec Resolutions of 1902, and that such
additional allowance should be to the extent of one hundred thousand dollars annually for ten
years."
Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, October 13th, 1906, pages 22 and 33 ; Exhibit " A "
appended.
That the Honourable Richard McBride pointed out to the Conference the total inadequacy
of such proposed settlement, and submitted an alternative proposal setting forth a yearly
amount, in addition to the payment and subsidies otherwise provided, which the Province of C 16 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
British Columbia was willing to receive as a nominal recognition of the disabilities borne by
the Province owing to peculiar physical conditions, and from other causes set forth in " The
Case of British Columbia for Better Terms," and accompanying memoranda.
( Vide report of later-Provincial Conference submitted to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia,
March 20th, 1907, pages d2-3, and d26 et seq.; Exhibit " C" appended.)
That this alternative proposal not being favourably received, the Honourable Richard
McBride withdrew from the Conference upon the introduction of an amendment to such
resolution, favouring an allowance of half of said amount of one hundred thousand dollars to
the Provinces of Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan.
( Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, October 13th, 1906, page 24; Exhibit " A " appended.)
That according to the Minutes of said Conference, after the withdrawal of the Hon.
Richard McBride, the amendment last mentioned was lost and the resolution passed in the
affirmative, all present voting content.
That upon his withdrawal, the Honourable Richard McBride, on October 13th, 1906,
again pressed upon the Conference the claims of British Columbia to better treatment, by a
communication to the Chairman, the Honourable L. Gouin.
(Vide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, October 13th, 1906, page 25 et seq.; Exhibit "A"
appended.)
That this communication was ineffective, as the Honourable Richard McBride was
informed by a reply from the Chairman of the Conference.
(Fide Minutes of the Proceedings in Conference, October 13th, 1906, pages 28 and 29; Exhibit "A"
appended.)
That on March 25tb, 1907, in the Dominion House of Commons, at Ottawa, on motion of
the Right Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier, it was resolved that an Address be presented to
His Majesty representing that it is expedient to amend the scale of payments, authorised under
section 118 of "The British North America Act, 1867," to be made by Canada to the several
Provinces of the Dominion for the support of their Governments and Legislatures by providing that:—
(A.) Instead of the amounts now paid the sums hereafter payable by Canada to the
several Provinces for the support of their Governments and Legislatures to be
according to population, and as follows :—
(a.) Where the population of the Province is under 150,000, $100,000 ;
(b.) Where the population of the Province is  150,000,  but does not exceed
200,000,1150,000;
(c.)   Where the population of the Province is 200,000,  but does not exceed
400,000, $180,000;
(d.) Where the population of the Province is 400,000, but does not exceed
800,000,1190,000;
(e.)   Where the population of the Province is 800,000, but does not exceed
1,500,000, $220,000;
(/) Where the population of the Province exceeds 1,500,000, $240,000.
(B.) Instead of an annual grant per head of population now allowed, the annual payment
hereafter to be at the same rate of 80 cents per head, but on the population of
each Province, as ascertained from time to time by the last decennial census, until
such population exceeds 2,500,000, and at the rate of 60 cents per head for so
much of said population as may exceed 2,500,000 :
(C.) An additional allowance to the extent of $100,000 annually, for ten years, to the
Province of British Columbia.
And said resolution prays—
That His Majesty " may be graciously pleased to cause a measure to be laid before the
Imperial Parliament, at its present Session, repealing the provisions of section 118 of 'The
British North America Act, 1867,' aforesaid, and substituting therefor the scale of payments
above set forth, which shall be a final and unalterable settlement of the amounts paid yearly
to the several Provinces of the Dominion for their local purposes and the support of their
Governments and Legislatures." 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 17
That on March 25th, 1907, a resolution, moved in the Legislative Assembly of British
Columbia by the Honourable Mr. McBride, seconded by the Honourable Mr. Tatlow, was
passed in the affirmative, endorsing the course taken by the Honourable Richard McBride at
the Inter-Provincial Conference at Ottawa in October, 1906 ; and further resolving that the
proposed additional allowance of one hundred thousand dollars annually for ten years as compensation for the recognised claims of British Columbia is inadequate and cannot be accepted
as a final and unalterable settlement; that the claims of British Columbia for special financial
recognition are not of such a character as can be considered by a Conference of the kind above
mentioned by reason of the fact that a proper investigation would require more time than
would-be available at such a Conference, and would entail those charged with it visiting British
Columbia and examining conditions on the spot; that for these and other reasons an independent tribunal, such as suggested in the memorandum mentioned above, would be the only
just method of arriving at a proper decision as to such claims.
(Vide copy of said resolutions transmitted to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the
Colonies by His Honour the'Lieutenant-Governor.)
Your petitioners submit that although the claims of British Columbia to special treatment
were recognised by both the Conference and the Dominion Government, as above indicated,
due consideration was not given to the fact that the physical disabilities of the Province are
permanent and that the additional allowance for this condition must also remain permanent.
That owing to the physicial conditions the average cost of administration per capita in
British Columbia for a period covering thirty years has been five times that of the other
Provinces.
{Vide table in the " Case of British Columbia for Better Terms," published as appendix on page 15,
Sessional Paper No. 29a of 1907, of House of Commons of Canada ; Exhibit " B" appended ; also Report of
Inter-Provincial Conference submitted to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, March 20th, 1907,
page 26 etseq.j Exhibit "C" appended.)
..v 'i That the Province of British Columbia, by reason of its peculiar circumstances, contributes
per head enormously in excess of the average of the rest of the Dominion to the Federal
Treasury.
( Vide tables of Revenues and Expenditures in the "Case of British Columbia for Better Terms,"published
as appendix to Sessional Paper No. 29a, 1907, of House of Commons of Canada, page 15 ; also Report of the
Inter-Provineial Conference submitted to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, March 20th, 1907,
page 26 et seq.; Exhibit " C " appended.)
And taking these matters into consideration, combined with the reasons set out in the
various memoranda submitted to the Dominion Government, copies of which are contained in
the Minutes of Conference, as well as in the Sessional Paper 29a, 1907, of the House of Commons
of Canada, and the "Case of British Columbia for Better Terms" appended thereto, your
petitioners submit that only by the appointment of a Commission, as set forth in the memorandum submitted to the Dominion Government by the Honourable Richard McBride, on
October 10th, 1906, can a proper decision be arrived at with regard to the claims cf British
Columbia.
That the proposed amendment to the " British North America Act," allowing $100,000
a year for ten years as a final and unalterable settlement for the recognised claims of British
Columbia would inflict an injustice, both because of the inadequacy of such compensation
and by reason of the fact that the Province would be deprived of the right to have such
claims further recognised or considered.
Your petitioners, therefore, humbly approach Your Majesty and pray that your Majesty
may be graciously pleased to take this, our Petition, into Your Majesty's favourable consideration in order that justice may be done to British Columbia.
And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, etc.
[Note.—Exhibits above referred to were appended to Petition when presented.]
[No. 7.]
The Under-Secretary of State, Ottawa, to the Honourable Richard McBride.
Ottawa, 15th April, 1907.
SIE)—I have the honour to enclose certified copy of a Minute of the Privy Council,
approved by His Excellency the Governor-General, on the 15th April, 1907, advising that the
Secretary of State for the Colonies be informed of your proposed visit to London as special C 18 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
delegate on behalf of your Province, to lay before His Majesty's Government the claim of
British Columbia for special treatment at the hands of the Dominion, and transmitting
certain documents in connection therewith.
A despatch to the above effect will be addressed by His Excellency the Administrator to
the Earl of Elgin. I have, etc.,
(Signed)        J. Pope,
The Horourable Richard McBride, Under-Secretary of Slate.
Premier of British Columbia,
The Russell, Ottawa.
Extract from a Report of the Committee   to the Privy  Council, approved by the Governor-
General on the loth April, 1907.
The Committee of the Privy Council have had under consideration a cable despatch,
dated 4th April, 1907, from the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies,
acquainting Your Excellency that he is in receipt of a telegram from the Lieutenant-Governor
of British Columbia, to the effect that a special delegate on behalf of his Government is
proceeding to London to lay before His Majesty's Government the claim of British Columbia
to special treatment at the hands of the Dominion, in connection with the proposed re-adjustment of financial subsidies.
The Secretary of State of Canada, to whom the said despatch was referred, submits—
(1.) A Minute of the Executive Council of the Province of British Columbia, approved
by the Lieutenant-Governor on the 30th March, 1907, forwarding a resolution of the Legislative Assembly dealing with the proposed re-adjustment of the financial subsidies paid to the
Provinces by the Dominion, and the claim of British Columbia to special recognition in
relation thereto, with the request that this resolution be transmitted to the Secretary of State
for the Colonies.
(2.) A further Minute, dated 30th March, 1907, recommending that the case of the
Province in regard to its claim upon the Dominion of Canada for such special treatment be
submitted to His Majesty's Government; setting forth that the Honourable Richard McBride
be appointed special agent and delegate of the Province, to proceed to London for the purpose
of placing the appeal of the Provincial Government in the hands of the Secretary of State for
the Colonies, and requesting that Your Excellency may provide Mr. McBride with a suitable
introduction to the Colonial Secretary.
The Committee of the Privy Council, on the recommendation of the Secretary of State,
advise that these requests of the Provincial Government of British Columbia be complied
with, and that Your Excellency be pleased to forward a copy of this Minute to the Right
Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
All of which is respectfully submitted for approval.
(Signed) Roddlphe Boudheau,
Acting Clerk of the Privy Council.
[No.  8.]
Government House, Ottawa, April 17th, 1907.
My Lord,—I have the honour to introduce to Your Lordship's acquaintance and to
recommend to your good offices the bearer of this despatch, the Honourable Richard McBride,
Prime Minister of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, who is proceeding to London
as a special agent and delegate of the Government of the Province for the purpose of appealing
to His Majesty's Government against the proposals of the Dominion Government for the
amendment of the British North America Act, of which Lord Grey had the honour to inform
Your Lordship in his despatch No. 106 of the 16th ultimo.
I would bespeak for Mr. McBride all possible facilities in presenting his case to His
Majesty's Government. I have, etc.,
(Signed)        C. Fitzpatrick,
Administrator.
The Right Honourable the Earl of Elgin, K. 67.,, etc., etc., etc. APPENDIX   A.
BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT, 1907.
[Bill as passed by the Imperial House of Commons on the 27th day of June, 1907.]
A BILL
To make further provision with respect to the sums to be paid by       A.D. 1907.
Canada to the several Provinces of the Dominion.
BE it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the
advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons,
in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as
follows :—
1.  (1.) The following grants  shall be  made yearly by Canada to every Payments to be
Province,  which at   the commencement   of   this Act  is a Province  of the made by Canada
Dominion, for its local purposes and the support of its Government and to ^roylnces-
Legislature :—
(a.) A fixed grant—
where the population of the Province is under one hundred and fifty
thousand, of one hundred thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is one hundred and fifty
thousand, but does not exceed two hundred thousand, of one
hundred and fifty thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is two hundred thousand, but
does not exceed four hundred thousand, of one hundred and eighty
thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is four hundred thousand, but
does not exceed eight hundred thousand, of one hundred and ninety
thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is eight hundred thousand, but
does not exceed one million five hundred thousand, of two hundred
and twenty thousand, dollars ;
where the population of the Province exceeds one million five hundred thousand, of two hundred and forty thousand dollars ; and
(b.) A grant at the rate of eighty cents per head of the population of the
Province up to the number of two million five hundred thousand,
and at the rate of sixty cents per head of so much of the population
as exceeds that number.
(2.) An additional grant of one hundred thousand dollars shall be made
yearly to the Province of British Columbia for a period of ten years from the
commencement of this Act.
(3.) The population of a Province shall be ascertained from time to time
in the case of the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta respectively by the last quinquennial census or statutory estimate of population
made under the Acts establishing those Provinces or any other Act of the
Parliament of Canada making provision for the purpose, and in the case of
any other Province by the last decennial census for the time being. C 20 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. 1908
A.D. 1907. (4.) The grants payable under this Act shall be paid half-yearly in advance
to each Province.
(5.) The grants payable under this Act shall be substituted for the grants
or subsidies (in this Act referred to as existing grants) payable for the like
purposes at the time of the passing of this Act to the several Provinces of
the Dominion under the provisions of section one hundred and eighteen of
the British North America Act, 1867, or of any Order in Council establishing
a Province, or of any Act of the Parliament of Canada containing directions
for the payment of any such grant or subsidy and those provisions shall cease
to have effect.
(6.) The Government of Canada shall have the same power of deducting
sums charged against a Province on account of the interest on public debt in
the case of the grant payable under this Act to the Province as they have in
the case of the existing grant.
(7.) Nothing in this Act shall affect the obligation of the Government of
Canada to pay to any Province anj' grant which is payable to that Province,
other than the existing grant for which the grant under this Act is substituted.
Short title and 2. This Act may be cited as the British North America Act, 1907, and
interpretation. shall take effect as from the first day of July, nineteen hundred and. seven. 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 21
APPENDIX   B.
[As amended in Committee in the House of Lords on the 16th day of  July, 1907.
Received the Royal Assent on the 9th day of August, 1907.]
[7 Edw. 7.] British North America Act, 1907. [Cu. 11.]
CHAPTER   11.
An Act to make further provision with respect to the sums to be paid       A. D. 1907.
by Canada to the several Provinces of the Dominion.
. [9th August, 1907.]
"TTTHEREAS an address has been presented to   His Majesty by the
V V      Senate and Commons of Canada in the terms set forth in the schedule
to this Act:
Be it therefore enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and
with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and
Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the
same, as follows :—
1.—(1) The following grants shall be made yearly by Canada to every payment3 to ^
Province,   which  at  the  commencement  of this  Act is a  Province of the made by Canada
Dominion, for its  local  purposes  and  the support of its Government and to Provinces.
Legislature:—
(a) A fixed grant—
where the population of the Province is under one hundred and fifty
thousand, of one hundred thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is one hundred and fifty
thousand, but does not exceed two hundred thousand, of one
hundred and fifty thousand dollars;
where the population of the Province is two hundred thousand,
but does not exceed four hundred thousand, of one hundred and
eighty thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province is four hundred thousand,
but does not exceed eight hundred thousand, of one hundred and
ninety thousand dollars;
where the population of the Province is eight hundred thousand,
but does not exceed one million five hundred thousand, of two
hundred and twenty thousand dollars ;
where the population of the Province exceeds one million five
hundred thousand, of two hundred and forty thousand dollars ; and [7 Edw. 7] British North America Act, 1907. [Chap.   11.]
A. D. 1907. (6) Subject to the special provisions  of this Act as to the Provinces of
British Columbia and Prince Edward Island, a grant at the rate of
eighty cents per head of the population of the Province up to the
number of two million five hundred thousand, and at the rate of
sixty cents per head of so much of the population as exceeds that
number.
(2) An additional grant of one hundred thousand dollars shall be made
yearly to the Province of British Columbia for a period of ten years from the
commencement of this Act.
(3) The population of a Province shall be ascertained from time to time
in the case of the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
respectively by the last quinquennial census or statutory estimate of population made under the Acts establishing those Provinces or any other Act of
the Parliament of Canada making provision for the purpose, and in the case
of any other Province by the last decennial census for the time being.
(4) The grants payable under this Act shall be paid half-yearly in advance
to each Province.
(5) The grants payable under this Act shall be substituted for the grants
or subsidies (in this Act referred to as existing grants) payable for the like
purposes at the commencement of this Act to the several Provinces of the
30 & 31 Vict. c. 3. Dominion under the provisions of section one hundred and eighteen of the
British North America Act, 1867, or of any Order in Council establishing
a Province, or of any Act of the Parliament of Canada containing directions
for the payment of any such grant or subsidy, and those provisions shall
cease to have effect.
(6) The Government of Canada shall have the same power of deducting
sums charged against a Province on account of the interest on public debt
in the case of the grant payable under this Act to the Province as they have
in the case of the existing grant.
(7.) Nothing in this Act shall affect the obligation of the Government of
Canada to pay to any Province any grant which is payable to that Province,
other than the existing grant for which the grant under this Act is substituted.
(8.) In the case of the Provinces of British Columbia and Prince Edward
Island, the amount paid on account of the grant payable per head of the
population to the Provinces under this Act shall not at any time be less than
the amount of the corresponding grant payable at the commencement of this
Act; and if it is found on any decennial census that the population of the
Province has decreased since the last decennial census, the amount paid on
account of the grant shall not be decreased below the amount then payable,
notwithstanding the decrease of the population.
Short title and 2. This Act may be cited as the British North America Act,  1907, and
interpretation. shall take effect as from the first day of July, nineteen hundred and seven.
SCHEDULE.
TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
Most Gracious Sovereign,
We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Senate and Commons of Canada, in Parliament assembled, humbly approach Your Majesty
for the purpose  of  representing that it is expedient  to  amend the seal 8 Ed. 7 Hon. Mr. McBride's Mission to England. C 23
[7 Edw. 7.] British North America Act,  1907. [Chap.   11.]
of payments authorised under section 118 of  the Acts of the Parliament of A.D. 1907.
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, commonly called the
British North America Act, 1867, or by or under any terms or conditions
upon which any other Provinces were admitted to the Union, to be made by
Canada to the several Provinces of the Dominion for the support of their
Governments and Legislatures by providing that—
A. Instead of the amounts now payable, the sums hereafter payable yearly
by Canada to the several Provinces for the support of their Governments
and Legislatures be according to population and as follows :—
(a.) Where the population of the Province is under 150,000, $100,000;
(b.) Where the population of the Province is 150,000, but does not exceed
200,000, $150,000;
(c.) Where the population of the Province is 200,000, but does not exceed
400,000, $180,000;
(d.) Where the population of the Province is 400,000, but does not exceed
800,000, $190,000 ;
(e.) Where the population of the Province is 800,000, but does not exceed
1,500,000, $220,000;
(/.) Where the population of the Province exceeds 1,500,000, $240,000.
B. Instead of an annual grant per head of population now allowed, the
annual payment hereafter be at the same rate of eighty cents per head, but
on the population of each Province, as ascertained from time to time by the
last decennial census, or in the case of the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, respectively, by the last quinquennial census or statutory
estimate, until such population exceeds 2,500,000, and at the rate of sixty
cents per head for so much of said population as may exceed 2,500,000.
C. An additional allowance to the extent of one hundred thousand dollars
annually be paid for ten years to the Province of British Columbia.
D. Nothing herein contained shall in any way supersede or affect the
terms special to any particular Province upon which such Province became
part of the Dominion of Canada, or the right of any Province to the payment of any special grant heretofore made by the Parliament of Canada to
any Province for any special purpose in such grant expressed.
We pray that Your Majesty may be graciously pleased to cause a measure
to be laid before the Imperial Parliament at its present Session repealing
the provisions of section 118 of the British North America Act, 1867, aforesaid, and substituting therefor the scale of payments above set forth, which
shall be a final and unalterable settlement of the amounts to be paid yearly
to the several Provinces of the Dominion for their local purposes, and the
support of their Governments and Legislatures.
Such grants shall be paid half-yearly in advance to each Province, but the
Government of Canada shall deduct from such grants as against any Province
all sums chargeable as interest on the public debt of that Province in excess
of the several amounts stipulated in the said Act.
All of which we humbly pray Your Majesty to take into your favourable
and gracious consideration.
(Signed)        R. Dandurand,
Speaker of the Senate.
(Signed)        R. F. Sutherland,
Speaker of the House of Commons.
Senate and House of Commons,
Ottawa, Canada, 26th April, 19^ .
VICTORIA   B.C.:
Printed by Richaru Wolfkhdbn, I.S.O., V.D., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1908.

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