BC Sessional Papers

REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL ARCHIVIST, 1910. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1911

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Victoria, B. C, February 28th, 1911.
To the Honourable Henry Esson Young, M.D., LL.D.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B. C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Report of the Archives Department for
the half-year ending December 31st, 1910.
Acting under your instructions, the undersigned took charge of the office on July 1st.
After a careful examination and as a preliminary to more serious work, it was deemed advisable, indeed imperative, that the manuscripts then comprising the collection should be
arranged in some order, and an inventory made of them, so that there should be no doubt in
the future as to the number and titles of the documents found in the Department on the
date it was placed under my care.
The preparation of the inventory consumed much time and involved no small amount of
labour, chiefly because the material, owing to the fact that it had been moved from its old
quarters to the small room where it is stored at present, was in a more or less chaotic condition. The check-list at last has been compiled, however, and it is appended hereto. In
it may be found the titles of all the early manuscripts comprising the collection at the time
of my taking charge thereof. Great care has been exercised in preparing the list, and it may
be accepted as an accurate accounting of the Provincial Archives in the possession of the
Department. It should be explained that the material which has been acquired since the
reorganization of the office is mentioned in a separate list.
Before proceeding to other matters, it may not be deemed irrelevant if a brief reference
is made to the documents forming the nucleus of a collection which it is hoped in the
near future may rank with the chief archival repositories of Western Canada. In the
first place, it will be noted that while the collection is not large it is rich in matter of importance to students of western history. It consists chiefly of the official documents of the
Colonial period, which extended from the formation of the Colony of Vancouver Island in
1849 to the union of the Crown Colony of British Columbia with the Dominion of Canada
in 1871. This was a peculiar and exceedingly interesting era, for it was the formative period
of our history, in which events occurred that influenced in no small degree future political
relations and economic conditions.
If a proper understanding of the problems which agitated Colonial administrators is to
be reached, attention must be given to the Journals of the Colonial Legislatures, the despatches
of the Governors to the Colonial Office in Downing Street, the despatches of the Secretaries of
State for the Colonies to the several Governors, the interdepartmental letter-books, and
similar sources, for without an examination of such documents it is not possible accurately to
portray conditions as they then existed, or to appreciate the effect in after years of the
Colonial policy.
In these early papers one may find many significant details concerning the San Juan
embroglio, the reservation of lands for the use of the native tribes, the building of provincial
highways, the work of the Royal Engineers, the establishment of a branch of the Royal Mint
at New Westminster in the early sixties, the inauguration of public schools, and other matters
of general and local interest.
More or less complete series of the official documents may be found in the Archives
Department, which when indexed and arranged will form a valuable addition to our knowledge
of a phase of Provincial history that has not yet received due attention. The Despatches
of Governor Blanshard, 1850 to 1851 ; the Journals of the first Legislative Assembly
of  Vancouver  Island which  met  in  Victoria  in   1856;  the  Minutes  of  the Legislative N 2 Report of Provincial Archivist. 1911
Council of Vancouver Island, August 30th, 1851, to February 6th, 1861 ; the Governor's
Private Letter-book, May 27th, 1859, to January 4th, 1864 ; the Vancouver Island Miscellaneous Letter-book, June 22nd, 1850, to March 5th, 1859; the Despatches from Downing Street,
July 21st, 1849, to December 18th, 1852 ; the Hudson's Bay Company's Letter-book (James
Douglas to Archibald Barclay and others), May 16th, 1850, to November 6th, 1855, may be
instanced as being of particular interest. Yet these are only a few of the records belonging
to the Government, and they are mentioned merely to give an idea of the value of the
collection as a whole.
The several periods covered by the history of British Columbia may be roughly
designated as :—
1. The period of apocryphal voyages and explorations, 1578 to 1774, to which belong
the doubtful relations of Juan de Fuca, Maldonado, de Fonte, and others,
respecting the Strait of Anian, as the North-west Passage was called of old :
2. The period of discovery, exploration, and the fur trade, 1774 to 1849 :
3. The Colonial   period,   which commenced   with the founding   of   the   Colony  of
Vancouver Island in 1849 and ended in 1871, when the united Colonies of
Vancouver Island and British Columbia entered the Dominion of Canada as a
Province :
4. The Modern period, which may be said to have commenced in the year 1871 with
the establishment of the Province of British Columbia.
The third of these periods, the Colonial, may be conveniently divided into three separate
and distinct sub-periods—that of the Colony of Vancouver Island, 1849 to 1866; that of the
Crown Colony of British Columbia (mainland), 1858 to 1866; and that of the United Colonies,
1866 to 1871. The fact that the two colonies were under one and the same Governor from
1858 to 1863 does not imply that the affairs of each during these years were administered by
the same staff of officials. Actually each colony had its own governmental establishment, and
consequently each had its own separate and distinct series of official documents, which were
not affected by the dual governorship. Occasionally, however, the officers of the Government
of Vancouver Island were called upon to assume duties in the neighbouring Crown Colony
under the Douglas regime.
Of the earliest extant records concerning the territory now embraced in the Province of
British Columbia, it may be noted that they relate to the various expeditions, by land and sea,
which were undertaken with the object of examining the coast of North-west America and its
vast interior and for the purposes of trade.     Exploration and trade went hand-in-hand.
In the last quarter of the eighteenth century the lines of exploration converged upon a
land heretofore unexplored and unknown ; for the first time reliable information concerning
it became available, which supplanted the mythical and legendary accounts, till then the current
coin of the geographers and cartographers who had given it their attention. Of the expeditions
of the Spaniards from their establishments on the Mexican Pacific seaboard, of the Russians
from their posts on the Kamchatkan Peninsula, of the British discoverers who used the
Hawaiian Islands as a base for their operations on the North-west Coast, of the French
explorers who followed the course of the British, of the American traders who generally
outfitted at Boston, and, like the British, used the Hawaiian Islands as a supply depdt, of
the overland expeditions of the Canadian fur-traders—it may be observed that each was
separate and distinct and that each had a literature of its own. In the Archives of the Indies
at Seville are the reports of the commanders of the Spanish expeditions ; among the Archives
of the Russian Government are the voluminous despatches of the Russian explorers from the
days of the great Bering (1728) to the cession of Alaska to the United States in 1867; at the
Admiralty and in the Public Records Office in London are the reports and memoranda of the
British navigators; scattered among the various public libraries, private collections, and
learned societies of the United States are such of the memoirs of the American traders as have
escaped the ravages of time; while in the Archives of the Adventurers of England must be
hidden away a vast amount of illuminating material dealing with the explorations of the
Canadian fur-traders west of the Bocky Mountains.
With regard to explorations, it may be remarked that the material relating to the
overland journeys is no whit less important than that dealing with the voyages along
the coast. It is interesting to recall that the first white man to cross the continent was
the indefatigable Scotsman, Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1755 ?-1820), who, in 1793, after
a long and hazardous journey, readied a point on the Pacific Coast in the neighbourhood 1 Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 3
of Bella Coola. After MacKenzie came Captains Lewis and Clark, and then Simon Fraser,
who descended the Fraser River to the mouth of the North Arm in 1808. For some reason
or other, not easily explained, no connected narrative of the last-mentioned expedition has ever
been given to the public. The Department has been fortunate enough to secure, through the
courtesy of the explorer's granddaughters, a few documents relative to the work of Simon
Fraser in New Caledonia, including five autograph letters which are notably interesting. The
work begun by Alexander MacKenzie, and carried on by Simon Fraser and those who came
after him, certainly deserves attention. The story of the exploration of the great interior,
covering as it does the heroic efforts of David Thompson (1770-1857), the great Nor'wester,
David Douglas (1798-1834), the roving botanist who came to such a sad end in the Hawaiian
Islands, and many others, is one that should not be forgotten. The voluminous journals of
David Thompson, after whom the Thompson River was named, and who first mapped (1813-
1814), from notes supplied by John Stuart, the course of the Fraser River, are the property
of the Government of Ontario. An effort should be made to procure transcripts of such
portions of them dealing with his explorations in the Kootenays. The cordial co-operation
of the Archivist of that Province has already been promised, and it is hoped that certified
copies of the documents may be obtained in the near future.
But, apart from these sources, which may be termed "official," and of which we may have
some knowledge, are the many long-forgotten documents scattered in odd corners and out-of-
the-way places where they are reposing until such time as they may be rescued from an
undeserved oblivion. Reference is made to family records, to the rich mass of material
belonging to various private collectors, to the papers which have fallen into the hands of
people little interested in their contents, yet who in some instances value them highly—to the
many places, in short, where odds and ends of documentary evidence, by accident or design,
may be stored away. By no means without interest, in fact of high interest, to the historian
would these scattered documents be, provided that they were gathered together and
arranged, for they would all throw light, either more or less, upon the events recorded in the
documents which may be termed "official."
From the foregoing it will be gathered that archives may be divided roughly into two
classes — official and unofficial — the "official" complementing and supplementing the
" unofficial," both being indispensable to the student.
While it is true that no adequate history can be written without the aid of official
documents, which are, and always must be, the backbone, as it were, of the narrative historical,
yet the material of the second class must enter largely into the composition of national
chronicles, and for the reason that it embraces the documents called, for lack of a better term,
"human." The private letter, the diary, the memoir, the journal, and the reminiscence, with
all their varied and rich side-lights upon men and events, cannot be neglected if close
adherence to truth is desired. A thorough understanding of the motives that lay behind and
prompted actions and movements, motives which not always have been acknowledged publicly,
may only be reached after a conscientious examination of all sources of information.
In matters historical, the public is not, as a rule, so much concerned with the
exigencies and secret conclaves which may have paved the way for an event of far-reaching
consequences, as with the broad and intelligible effect thereof, as exhibited in a definite
public policy applied to conditions of which knowledge is general. The student and
historian, on the other hand, are as directly concerned with what has taken place
behind the scenes as upon the stage itself, for without such knowledge it is not possible
adequately to represent the past, or to characterize truly the men who have played important
parts in national life. The official document, then, must be interpreted, not always but often,
in the light of the private, unofficial, or secret document.
Of the historic events affecting the territory of British Columbia, the most important
were the "Nootka Affair" and the Oregon Boundary Question. In 1789 the celebrated
" Nootka Affair " focussed the attention of the civilised world upon a remote and hitherto
unknown region, and for the first time it loomed large in the sphere of international politics;
and in after years the Oregon Boundary dispute assumed serious proportions. These matters
were of international concern and each for a time threatened to provoke war between powerful
countries. Naturally enough, controversies which were conducted with much bitterness on
both sides were productive of a more or less voluminous literature, all of which did not find
its way into print. The unpublished official papers relating to these events must be
extremely interesting, and particularly so to one engaged in tracing the course of the affairs N 4 Report of Provincial Archivist. 1911
and occurrences which are the warp and woof of North-western history. Both the "Nootka
Affair" and the Oregon Boundary Question played a significant part in the shaping of the
destinies of the regions they directly affected.
As the Nootka Convention, arising from the seizure by the Spaniards, in Nootka Sound
in 1789, of certain vessels, the property of British merchants, marked the decline and fall of
Spanish sovereignty on the north-west coast of North America, so the establishment of the
present boundary-line between the British possessions and the United States of America by
the terms of the Oregon Treaty, signed on June 15th, 1846, marked the termination of the
long and bitter controversy between Great Britain and the American Republic touching
the territories each were to have and to hold in the western portion of the continent—a
controversy which had extended over a period of twenty-eight years—and presaged the decline
and fall of the fur trade. It would be well, indeed, that all the documentary evidence bearing
upon these exceedingly important discussions should be in the possession of the Department,
as it would help to elucidate and explain things not without interest even at this late day.
It is interesting to note, in passing, that few unsettled regions have been the subject of
or affected by, so many treaties, charters, and grants as the territories now united in the
Province of British Columbia. In fact, during a period of seventy years, beginning with
the signing of the Nootka Convention in 1790, a decade did not pass without the ratification
of one or more far-reaching pacts or agreements affecting in one way or another the future of
this land.
While the history of British Columbia proper may be said to commence with the
founding of the Colony of Vancouver Island, a thorough understanding of the several matters
and events leading up to the establishment of a settled form of government in a land hitherto,
to all intents and purposes, beyond the pale of the law is of supreme importance, as instanced
by the Alaska Boundary Dispute and other subjects of greater or lesser moment. In this connection we should not lose sight of the fact that, comparatively speaking, it is only in recent times
that British Columbia has enjoyed a separate and distinct identity. The Oregon Treaty
was not ratified until 1846 ; the Colony of Vancouver Island was not formed until 1849 ; the
Crown Colony of British Columbia did not come into being until 1858. Before the year 1846,
then, that portion of the Pacific seaboard stretching from the northern confines of California
to the Russian possessions in Alaska may be said to have had a common history. The records
of that period of indefinable jurisdictions and international complications are replete with
interest, and it may be added that no adequate history of those troubled years has ever been
written, for the good and substantial reason that the necessary particulars have never been
The consideration of the early documents naturally brings within view the methods
of the fur-trading organizations whose last great field lay to the west of the Stony,
Shining, or Rocky Mountains, and whose history for many years was the history of the
far-extending territories which they had brought under their sway with such indomitable
courage and unparalleled success in the face of unnumbered hardships and privations. The
North-west Fur-trading Company of Montreal, organized under the daring leadership of
Joseph Frobisher and Simon McTavish, the Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's
Bay, and, for a brief space, the Pacific Fur Company, of which the intrepid and far-sighted John
Jacob Astor, of New York, was the moving spirit and chief director, all exerted a powerful
influence in and over the Oregon Territory, the limits of which, never clearly defined,
roughly may be said to have included the whole of that immense domain extending from
California far into what is now the Province of British Columbia, taking in a large part of
New Caledonia, so named by Simon Fraser. The Americans, it will be recalled, claimed at
one time the whole region lying between the forty-second parallel of latitude and fifty-four-
forty, a claim never admitted by the British. The brief and singularly unfortunate rule of
the American company lasted only from the founding of Astoria, at the mouth of the
Columbia River, in 1811, until 1813, when the North-west Company acquired by purchase the
property and interests of the concern, a matter touching which bitter things were said by Mr.
Astor, who, it is said, believed that he had been betrayed by his agents. After that historic
transaction the North-west Company held the reins of power, but its supremacy also was of
but short duration.
In 1821, that company, as a result of the ruinous competition and fierce rivalries of the
opposing forces arrayed against each other in that bitter and ever-memorable struggle for
the control of the fur trade,  joined hands  with its powerful  opponent,  the  Hudson's  Bay 1 Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 5
Company, an alliance directly brought about by bloody feuds and the depletion of the fur
preserves. The interests of the two concerns, indeed, demanded a cessation of hostilities.
From 1822 to 1846, the Hudson's Bay Company exercised supreme authority over the whole
of the territory known in early days as the " Western Department," which the genius of
a McLoughlin consolidated and welded into a fur empire, the like of which had never been
soen before and as certainly will never be witnessed again. In the period mentioned that
wonderful organization reached the height of its power and influence.
The operations of the North-west Company in the west have a peculiar interest for us,
inasmuch as it was the intrepid "bourgeois" of that splendidly officered and organized
association of "free-traders" who first established permanent posts in the land. The first
was erected in 1805 on the shores of Lake McLeod (the outlet of which is a tributary of the
Parsnip River) by James McDougall, who had preceded Simon Fraser by a few months. From
the year mentioned, without a break, Fort McLeod has been the headquarters of the fur
trade of that particular region. The famous triumvirate, Alexander Mackenzie, David
Thompson, and Simon Fraser, were all " Nor'westers," as also were John Stuart, Harmon,
McDougall, and others who were prominent in New Caledonia in early days.
The period of fur-trading activity and exploration in the interior commenced with the
year 1793 and lasted until the abrogation by the Imperial Government of the grant of
Vancouver Island to the Hudson's Bay Company in 1858. Of the conspicuous events of that
period may be mentioned : Sir Alexander Mackenzie's famous reconnaissance ; the exploration
of the Columbia River by Captains Lewis and Clark ; the commencement of operations by the
North-west Company; the exploration of the Fraser River by Simon Fraser; the explorations
of David Thompson ; the coining of the Pacific Fur Company; the absorption of the Pacific
Fur Company by the North-west Company ; the amalgamation of the Hudson's Bay and
North-west Companies; the grant of 1821, which gave the Hudson's Bay Company and the
partners of the North-west Company a monopoly of the fur trade in the Indian Territories ;
the grant to the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1838, of the exclusive right of trading with
the Indians for a period of twenty-one years ; the arrival of American settlers; the Oregon
Boundary dispute and its settlement by the Treaty of 1846 ; the establishment of Fort
Victoria in 1843 ; the removal of the headquarters of the fur trade from Fort Vancouver on
the Columbia River to Fort Victoria, 1847-9 ; the formation of the Puget Sound Agricultural
Company; the granting of Vancouver Island to the Hudson's Bay Company; the establishing
of the Colony of Vancouver Island ; the careers of Dr. McLoughlin and James Douglas ; the
abrogation of the grant of Vancouver Island ; and the Fraser River gold-rush in 1858, which
knelled the doom of the fur trade.
For full and authentic information respecting the far-reaching ramifications of the
wonderful system whereby the peltries of the fur-bearing animals were regularly gathered in a
territory the area of which exceeded that of the Roman Empire in the days of its highest power,
we must turn to the manuscript letters and journals of the " bourgeois" of the North-west
Company and the chief factors, chief traders, and lesser officers of the Hudson's Bay Company,
and for matters of general policy to the records preserved at headquarters. The letter and
minute books of the Hudson's Bay Company during the acute and final stages of the Oregon
Boundary dispute must contain valuable data respecting that much-discussed question.
All of these sources must be drawn upon if the Department is to render
the service for which it has been established. In gathering together, classifying, and
cataloguing the manuscripts now scattered broadcast, or hidden away, the Department will find
ample scope for its energies for many years to come. The future reputation of the office, in
fact, will rest largely upon the manner in which this important work is carried out. Here
should be available for the student all of the unpublished manuscripts, or copies of them,
throwing light upon the past. It should be possible in a year or two for the historian to
find in this office the fullest information respecting the unpublished sources of any phase of our
history. Without such data we must remain more or less in the dark as to many events and
transactions which exerted a wide and compelling influence in years gone by. And in this
connection it may be observed that the systematic classification and cataloguing of the
material is a most important matter, because its usefulness must of necessity depend upon
its availability.
It has been the endeavour of the writer, in making these brief observations, to show as
clearly as possible why it is important that particulars of the fur-trading and colonial
periods should be gathered and made available. N 6 Report of Provincial Archivist. 1911
In view of the foregoing it is very respectfully recommended :—
1. That  copies' of   all   unpublished   letters,   despatches,   and   reports   relating   to
Vancouver Island and British Columbia, particularly with reference to the
historic controversies of the "Nootka Affair" and the Oregon Boundary
Question, should be procured from the Colonial Office, the Public Records Office,
and the Admiralty :
2. That  an  espeeial  effort should be made  to obtain from the  Archives  of the
Hudson's Bay Company copies of all records relating to the exploits of the
North-west Fur-trading Company of Montreal to the west of the Rocky
Mountains (the two companies were amalgamated in 1821 under the name of
the older concern), and the work of the Adventurers of England in the Oregon
Territory, New Caledonia, the Colony of Vancouver Island, Alaska, and
California—in fact, to all their operations west of the Rockies :
3. That transcripts  of the Spanish and Russian  documents  relating to this coast
should be obtained from the Archives of the Indies at Seville and the Archives
of St. Petersburg respectively :
4. That the Dominion and Provincial Archives Departments should respectfully be
asked to assist the office :
5. That a  determined effort should  be made,  before it  is  too late,   to  gather the
reminiscences of the pioneers, and that the same should be carefully edited
and collated :
6. That all likely places in the Province or elsewhere should be carefully searched
for letters, diaries, and manuscripts bearing upon any period or phase of our
history :
7. That an earnest effort should be made to establish cordial relations with the
Academy of Pacific Coast History of the University of California, the Oregon
Historical Society, the University of Washington, the Washington State
Historical Society, and all other learned societies and governmental departments
interested in the early history of the Pacific North-west, with a view to the
promotion of research and the extension of the co-operative principle :
8. That  all records relating   to   Colonial days   (1849   to   1871),   on   any  subject
whatsoever, now filed in any of the Provincial Public Departments, should be
placed for safe keeping and arrangement in charge of the Archivist:
9. That the aid of  the Provincial Press be  solicited with a view to the expeditious
gathering together of manuscripts and reminiscences.
As the above recommendations are self-explanatory it is not necessary to enlarge upon
them ; but reference may be made to the great importance of collecting from the old-timers
and pioneers their reminiscences. There are still many stalwarts in the ranks of the " Old
Guard," and their recollections should be preserved for the benefit of posterity. No time
should be lost in gathering these memoirs, for each year that passes witnesses the diminution
of the corps of pioneers whose work has contributed so greatly to the upbuilding of the
It would be well to point out in this connection that the collecting of manuscripts must
of necessity involve a large outlay. A large sum may be expended upon one item. Manuscripts
are bound to cost more than books. There can be but one original manuscript, whereas there
may be, and generally are, many copies of the original edition of a book. A book may
become rare and valuable, and a manuscript may become, comparatively speaking, priceless.
Hence the expense.
A number of important papers have been added to the collection since July last. It is
not necessary to give their titles on this page, as a complete list of them will be found in
the second statement attached hereto. A few remarks touching one or two of the more notable
of them, however, may not be deemed out of place. The most conspicuous item, perhaps, is
that entitled "Journal of the Voyage of the Brig 'Hope' from Boston to the North-west
Coast of America, 1790 to 1792—By Joseph Ingraham, Captain of the 'Hope' and formerly
Mate of the Columbia." It was obtained through the courtesy of Professor William H. Dall,
of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. 0., and its chief value lies in the fact that, in
spite of the author's knowledge of the fur trade of the North-west Coast, he does not claim or
imply that Captain J. Kendrick, of the ships "Columbia" and " Washington," circumnavigated
Vancouver Island, as asserted by certain historians who have endeavoured, for reasons of their 1 Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 7
own, to prove that Captain George Vancouver was not the first navigator to sail through the
intricate passages which separate the island from the mainland. This is by no means an
unimportant point, as the great majority of the historians of the North-west Coast have
followed Robert Greenhow, the American writer, in this particular, thereby doing an injustice
to the painstaking British explorer.
Joseph Ingraham, it may be remembered, was an officer of the first American expedition
to circumnavigate the world. On the occasion of his first visit to the North-west Coast he
spent nearly a year at Nootka, and during his stay was a witness of the seizure by the
Spaniards of certain British trading-ships. He made a second visit to the coast of British
Columbia in 1791, and a third in 1792. He met Vancouver and Quadra at Nootka, where he
gave evidence as to certain points at issue between these two commanders. His journal
contains valuable data as to the geography, natural history, and ethnology of the places at
which he touched, particularly of the Queen Charlotte Islands, with many facts of significance
historically. As Ingraham's memoir is referred to at length in the first bulletin of the
Department, it is scarcely necessary to pursue the subject further now.
In the list of new matter will be noted also certain documents most kindly presented by
Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Baker, of Savona. These items are of great interest, especially the "Log
of the Steamer Beaver and Brig Llama, 1836-7-8-9," the "Correspondence of W. H. McNeill
with James Douglas," the " Diary of W. H. McNeill," and the " Fort Rupert Letter-book,
1857." It is scarcely necessary to say that the courtesy and public spirit of Mr. and Mrs.
Baker in parting with these manuscripts are highly appreciated. It is hoped that others may
assist in a similar manner. If the persons who have in their possession private or public
records relating to the Province would kindly co-operate with the Department, it would soon
become supreme in its own particular sphere. In so doing the owners of manuscripts would
be rendering an important service to the Province and to posterity.
The letters of Captain George Vancouver and Senor Bodega y Quadra, for which we are
indebted to the kindness of the Hon. J. H. Turner, are of more than ordinary interest; also the
journals and memoirs supplied through the courtesy of Mr. F. J. Teggart, Curator of the
Academy of the Pacific Coast History of the University of California, whose many civilities
are most gratefully acknowledged by the undersigned.
The most important transaction of the year, as far as the Provincial Archives are
concerned, has yet to be referred to. With the object of ascertaining exactly the extent and
richness of the material in the Academy of Pacific Coast History of the University of
California, and with a view to securing the co-operation of the officials in charge, a visit
was paid to that institution in December last by the writer, who has great pleasure in
reporting that his mission was entirely successful. He was assisted in every possible way
by Mr. F. J. Teggart,. the Curator, and Mr. Porter Garnett, the Assistant Curator, who
went out of their way to extend courtesies. Without the slightest hesitation every
facility for examining the manuscript treasures of the Academy was afforded and much
useful information imparted. Such a cordial reception naturally was very gratifying, especially
as it paved the way for an understanding between the two Departments, which it is sincerely
hoped may prove mutually advantageous. It affords the writer very real pleasure to acknowledge the conrtesy and kind consideration of Mr. F. J. Teggart, without whose cordial
co-operation little or nothing could have been accomplished.
The visit was particularly desirable in view of the fact that the Academy has in its possession the fine collection of manuscripts gathered by Hubert Howe Bancroft, whose published
works cover the entire Pacific seaboard, from Mexico in the south to Alaska in the north.
In the course of his travels and researches Mr. Bancroft had gathered together from various
sources documentary evidence of the first importance to western historians. Indeed, his
work in collecting "original sources" will be of much greater benefit to students than the
books—with perhaps one or two exceptions—which were founded upon the material he had
brought together at the cost of so much time and labour. Whatever his shortcomings may
have been, in justice it must be admitted that he has deserved the commendation of historians
for his indefatigable assiduity in accumulating documents, many of which otherwise in all
probability would have been lost or destroyed ere this.
The library in question is of more than ordinary interest to British Columbians, because
it contains the letters, diaries, journals, and memoirs procured by Mr. Bancroft on the occasion
of his visit to Victoria many years ago in quest of material for a history of the Province.
The prominent men of the Province, and all those, in fact, whose knowledge of local affairs
in general or in particular rendered their assistance desirable,  ungrudgingly placed their services at the disposal of the well-known historian. The author was successful in his quest
and returned to his home in San Francisco with a goodly store of manuscripts, which in due
course were incorporated in a history of British Columbia (San Francisco, 1887). The
material obtained in the Province remained in San Francisco until a few years ago (1905-1907),
when the Bancroft library was acquired at great cost by the University of California for its
Academy of Pacific Coast History.
These manuscripts were carefully inspected, and there is no doubt at all that by far the
greater number of them have an important bearing upon our history. Not a few, however,
are but transcripts, while others were evidently written from memory some time after the
occurrence of the events narrated, and on that account may not be altogether reliable. As a
general rule, however, the material is of moment, and on that account the kind offer of Mr. F.
J. Teggart to supply any transcripts that may be required by the Department will be highly
appreciated. Mr. Teggart has already supplied many copies, and others are to follow from
time to time.
Of the manuscripts examined on this occasion the chronicles mentioned hereunder may be
instanced as illustrative of the wealth of material in possession of the University of
Anderson, Alexander Caulpield.    North-west Coast History.
Ballou, W. T.    Adventures.
Bayley, C. A.    Vancouver Island.    Early Life.
Bodega y Quadra, Juan F.    Navegacion y Descubrimiento, 1779.
Compton, P. N.    Forts and Fort Life.
Cridge, E.    Characteristics of James Douglas.
DeCosmos, Amor.    British Columbia Governments.
Douglas, Sir James.    Diary of Gold Discovery on Fraser River.
Douglas, Sir James.    Journal.
Douglas, Sir James.    Private Papers.
Douglas, Sir James.    Voyages to the North-west Coast.
Ebberts, G. W.    Trapper's Life, 1829-39.
Elisa, Francisco.    Salida de los tres buques para Nootka ano de 1790.
Elisa, Francisco.    Table diaria de los buques para el purto de Nootka, 1790.
Finlayson, Roderick.    Vancouver Island and North-west Coast.
Fraser, Simon.    First Journal, April 12th to July 18th, 1806.
Fraser, Simon.    Letters, 1806-07.
Fraser, Simon.    Second Journal, May 30th to June 10th, 1808.
Good, John B.    History of British Columbia.
Harvey, Mrs. Daniel.    Life of John McLoughlin.
Haswell.    Voyage Round the World.
Haswell.    Voyage in the Ship Columbia Rediviva.
Heceta, Bruno.    Diario del Viage de 1775.
Heceta, Bruno.    Segunda Exploracion, 1775.
Heceta, Bruno.    Viage de 1775.
Hudson's Bay Company.    Journal at Fort Simpson, 1834-37.
Hudson's Bay Company.    Journal, Fort Langley, 1827-29.
Kendrick, John.    Correspondencia Sobre Cosas de Nootka, 1794.
Maurelle, Francisco Antonio.    Navegacion, 1779.
Maurelle, Francisco Antonio.    Diari del Viage de la Sonora, 1775.
McKay, J. W.    Recollections of the Hudson's Bay Company.
McKinley, Archibald.    Narrative.
McLoughlin, John.    Private Papers, 1825-1856.
Perez, Juan. Instruccion que el Virey dio a los Commantes de Buques de Exploracion,
24 Dec, 1773.
Perez, Juan.    Relacion del Viage, 1774.
Perez, Juan.    Tabla Diaria, 1774.
Solid men of Boston in the North-west.
Stuart, John.    Journal from December, 1805, to February 28th, 1806.
Swan, James M.    Colonisations.
Tarbell, Frank.    Life and Trade in Victoria during the Fraser River Excitement.
Tod, John.    New Caledonia. 1 Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 9
Tolmie, William F.    Puget Sound and North-west Coast.
Vowell, A. W.    British Columbia Mines.
Warren.    Among the Canadians of the North-west Coast.
Weed, Charles E.    Queen Charlotte Island Expedition.
Work, John.    Journal, 1824.
Apart from the material referred to, the Academy owns a very rich and extensive
collection of British, Spanish, and Russian documents relating to the North-west Coast, all of
which, it may be observed, are of great interest. As the time at the disposal of the writer
was limited, it was not possible to scrutinise the papers very closely, but a cursory
examination, under the able guidance of Mr. Teggart, sufficiently revealed the fact that they
are of great value. It may be said, indeed, without fear of contradiction, that the Academy
of Pacific Coast History possesses the most notable collection of Western Americana, in
the form of original sources, ever gathered under one roof.
It should be stated that several matters of moment were freely discussed with Mr.
Teggart. Among other things, it was suggested that an effort should be made to co-operate
in the matter of publication ; that is to say that if it should so happen that both offices should
desire to publish one and the same document as a bulletin, the work should be undertaken
conjointly. While no definite course of action was decided upon, it is believed that a mutually
satisfactory arrangement may be reached in due course. In any event the frank discussion of
the aims and objects of the two Departments has resulted in the clearing-away of misapprehensions, a matter which cannot but prove of benefit to both.
It was carefully pointed out that the Provincial Department was interested only in
the more northern field—that our attention would be confined to Western Canada—it
being clearly recognised, of course, that in certain cases, such as the Oregon and Alaska
Boundary disputes, our interest extends beyond the bounds of the Province as they are to-day.
The sphere of the Academy of Pacific Coast History, on the other hand, embraces the whole
Pacific Slope, from the Isthmus of Panama to the Arctic Ocean.
It was agreed, among other things, that there should be a free interchange of transcripts,
for which both Departments were to pay at a similar rate. Thus the Academy of Pacific
Coast History will receive in exchange for such documents as may be transmitted to this
office transcripts of any of the Provincial Archives desired—an arrangement which will be
found, it is confidently expected, exceedingly useful.
It only remains to be said that the conference promises to result in much good. The
amicable adjustment of the matter of the British Columbia documents gathered by Mr.
Bancroft, itself is of no little consequence. The papers—if not the originals, at least certified
copies of them—will be forwarded as they are transcribed, and these interesting records will
be held in trust for the use of students.
Attached hereto is the manuscript of Bulletin No. 1 of the Archives Department of
British Columbia. The pamphlet, entitled " The First Circumnavigation of Vancouver
Island," has been compiled with the utmost care by Dr. C. F. Newcombe, who very kindly
volunteered his services. While the work is not voluminous, it is undoubtedly an important
contribution to the literature of the North-west Coast. With the evidence gleaned from
Ingraham's journal, already referred to, and certain unpublished letters and memoranda
recently forwarded from London, it has been possible to present the case in a new, and, it is
trusted, in its true, light. This is the first of a series of bulletins which it is proposed to
issue as occasion may offer. It is understood, of course, that in preparing the monographs or
bulletins only original material will be used, as it would be inadvisable, for obvious reasons,
merely to issue reprints, except in rare cases. The publication of manuscripts, with brief
explanatory prefaces and notes, should be indeed one of the most useful results of the work of
the Department.
It should be mentioned that the large programme outlined herein is put forward merely as
a general statement of the objects and aims of the Department. It is not to be taken as a
delineation of the work to be undertaken in any one year, but as a broad plan of future
operations, the details of which must be elaborated from time to time. If the programme,
as briefly sketched, were carried out in the course of the next few years, it would not
then be possible for any historian to write of the West without extending his researches
to the Archives of British Columbia, a matter, it would seem, which could not but reflect
credit upon the Province. A great work, it is true, is being carried on by the Dominion
Archives Department for Canada as a whole, but it is not to be expected that that office
should be able to give that detailed attention to Provincial matters which their importance, N 10 Report of Provincial Archivist. 1911
from a Provincial point of view, deserves. Each Province, therefore, should collect and
collate the records peculiarly its own. Perhaps in the future some joint plan of operations
may be evolved, but as matters stand now it is essential that the Provinces should act upon
their own initiative.
A consideration of the best means whereby the usefulness of the office may be increased
and its sphere of influence enlarged necessarily involves the question of quarters, for without
proper facilities for the handling and filing of manuscripts the Department will be seriously
handicapped in its work. The one small room now set aside is totally inadequate. It is
respectfully recommended that suitable apartments be provided as soon as a convenient
opportunity may arise.
While not a matter at present strictly within the purview of the Archives Department,
the undersigned feels, because of its high importance, that it may not be deemed out of place
if a brief reference is made to the desirability of acquiring a really representative collection of
relics and tokens covering all phases of the Indian life of British Columbia. If the formation
of such a collection is not undertaken at once, and vigorously prosecuted, it will be soon, very
soon indeed, once and for all too late for the Province to acquire an exhibit worthy of the
great ethnological field which it covers. The native races are fast forsaking their old tribal
and immemorial customs for the civilisation of their white brethren, with the result that
many primitive implements and utensils at one time in common use are no longer manufactured. Nor are such things easily, if at all, procurable now owing to the fact that the
Province for years has been the happy hunting-ground of the collectors and ethnologists of
the great museums and learned institutions of the world. It is certainly a pity that while
Great Britain, Germany, and the United States should each possess comprehensive collections,
covering the entire Province, there should be in British Columbia itself scarcely anything
of the kind. Outsiders have spent in the last few years large sums of money for ethnological
material which should have found a permanent resting-place in the Province. The number
of representative totem poles, for instance, has been greatly diminished in recent times, while
speculative trading in the smaller articles has been largely carried on to the detriment of
the Provincial collection. It is certainly desirable that the Province should exploit this
field on its own account instead of leaving it in the hands of aliens and traders.
The writer very respectfully recommends that, if possible, some means be devised whereby
the export of the better class of anthropological and archaeological material may be prevented,
at least until such a time as our own requirements may have been satisfied. The finest
specimens are rapidly being removed, and, unless prompt action is taken, in a short time few
objects of note will be left. As the material in question, however, is private property, it
would be difficult to devise a scheme to prevent it falling into the hands of collectors or
speculators. The only remedy that can be suggested, perhaps, is that the Government should
proceed immediately to acquire by purchase all available material illustrative of the tribal
customs, arts, industries, and home life of a people whose history can never be without interest.
Nor should the curious legendary lore and tribal historv of the natives be neglected. It
would be well, indeed, if the myths, legends, and historical narrations which have been handed
down from generation to generation, by word of mouth, or by hieroglyphic, petroglyphic, or
pictorial inscriptions, were preserved in definite form.
In conclusion, cordial thanks are extended not only to Mr. F. J. Teggart, Mr. Porter
Garnett, Professor W. H. Dall, and to Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Baker, of Savona, whose courtesy
has been referred to already, but also to the Honourable Mr. Justice Martin, His Honour
Judge Howay, the Reverend E. G. Alston, of Framington Rectory, Norfolk, England, Mr.
Gilbert Malcolm Sproat, Professor George Davidson, of San Francisco, Mr. Himes, of the
Oregon Historical Society, the Hon. J. H. Turner, Agent-General for the Province in
London, and Doctor C. F. Newcombe, for the kind assistance which they have so cheerfully
rendered the Department on all occasions. And to Mr. R. E. Gosnell most grateful
acknowledgments and sincere thanks are due for his valuable services in the past,
especially with regard to the splendid gallery of portraits of historical characters and pioneers
which he brought together at the cost of infinite pains and trouble. The gallery is certainly
unique, and it will always stand as a monument to the energy, acumen, and foresight of its
founder, who has ever been deeply interested in the history of British Columbia.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Provincial Archivist. APPENDICES.
A. Papers relating to Vancouver Island  and British Columbia.
B. List of Documents acquired in the six months ended December 31st, 1910. 1 Geo. 5
Report of Provincial Archivist.
N 11
Papers relating to Vancouver Island.
Blanshard, Richard (Governor;.    Despatches, 1849-51.
Council, President of.    Correspondence with House of Assembly, 1860-62.
Despatches.    To Secretary of State, 31st October, 1851, to 24th November, 1855.
ci ii 10th December, 1855, to 6th June, 1859.
i, „ 8th June, 1859, to 28th December, 1861
13th January, 1862, to 12th March, 1864.
From Downing Street to Governor Douglas, 1852.
ii     Governors Kennedy and Seymour, 1864.
ii   ' 1865.
ii     Governor Kennedy, 1866.
Registry of, received by Governor Kennedy, 1864-66.
Schedule of, from Secretary of State.    2nd January, 1864, to 14th December, 1866.
Douglas, James (Governor).    Correspondence with Naval Officers.
ii ii Letters  to  Hudson's  Bay Company (Archibald  Barclay).
16th May, 1850, to 6th November, 1855.
,, i, Private   Official   Letter-book.     27th  May,   1859,  to 9th
January, 1864.
Executive Council.    Minutes.    26th March, 1864, to 27th June, 1865.
„ i, 18th July, 1865, to 19th November, 1866.
ii Sources of Revenue, etc.    1863.
House of Assembly.    Acts, Proclamations, etc.    July 9th, 1860, to February 27th, 1863.
ii ii Correspondence-book.     1856-59.
ii ., „ 27th July, 1860, to 11th March, 1864.
ii ii Drafts of Bills, Amendments, etc.     1861-65.
ii n Journals (Second Parliament).    1861-63.
ii ii Messages, Returns, etc.    1856-60.
i. ii 1864-66.
„ ii Minute-book (No. 1).    1856-58.
ii ii Minutes.    1860-64.
n ii ii 1864-66.
ii ii ii of Committee on Supply.    1860-66.
n ii Reports of Select Committees.    1858-65.
Index.    Letters Inward.    1859-64.
,i ii 1864-66.
ii ii ii Register.    1864-66.
„      Outward.    1864-65.
Lands and Works.    Specifications, etc.    1859-64.
Land Question.    Address to the Duke of Newcastle.    1859.
Legislative Council.    Journals.    1863-66.
Lighthouse Board.    Correspondence.     1863-69.
Kennedy, A. E. (Governor).    Commission as Governor of Vancouver Island and Islands
adjacent.    With Great Seal of Great Britain and Ireland.     December 11th, 1863.
Messages.    By Governor—Replies to Addresses.    1856-60.    (Unbound.)
ii Governor to House of Assembly.     1857-63.     (Unbound.)
Miscellaneous.    General Letter-book.    20th September, 1864, to 11th September, 1865. N 12
Report of Provincial Archivist.
Miscellaneous.    General Letter-book.    11th September, 1865, to 30th November, 1866.
ii Letter-book.    June 22nd, 1850, to March 5th, 1859.
ii .. (No. 2).    January, 1859, to 13th September, 1859.
,i i. 14th September, 1859, to 21st September, 1860.
n ,, 28th September, 1860, to 13th August, 1861.
ii ii 15th August, 1861, to 27th March, 1863.
n ii 24th March, 1863, to 20th September, 1864.
ii ii 22nd November, 1864, to 22nd December, 1866.
Proclamations.    26th March, 1853, to Sth May, 1858.
Treasurer.    Letter-book.    9th March, 1859, to 2nd May, 1864.
Victoria Municipal Council.    Correspondence with Colonial Secretary.    1862-64.
Papers relating to Crown Colony of British Columbia.
Blue Book.    Schedule of Taxes, Duties, Fees, and all other Sources of Revenue.     1868.
Circular Despatches from  Downing Street.     1852-61.
n ii ii n 1863-68.
„ 1867-68.
Colonial Secretary.    Letters to and from.    1860-63.
Colonial and Provincial Secretaries.    1863-72.
Council Chamber and Governor.     Correspondence.     1864-69.
Council, President of.    Correspondence with House of Assembly.     1860-62.
Customs, Collector of.    Letters.    18th April, 1859, to 21st November, 1870.
Despatches from the Secretary of  State for the Colonies to Officer administering the
Government of British Columbia.     1866.
ii    the Secretary of State for the Colonies to Governor Seymour.   1867-68.
ii ii ii ii Governor Seymour.     1869.
ii n ii ii Governor Musgrave.    1869.
ii    Governor Douglas, Governor Seymour, and Mr. Birch.    14th September,
ii ii    the Secretary of State, Ottawa, to Governor Musgrave.     1870-71.
Douglas, James (Governor).    Proclamation as to Powers, etc.     1858.
Executive Council
House of Assembly.
Lands and Works.
Minutes.     30th April, 1859, to 7th July, 1871.
Report on Crown Lands.     1863-64.
Cash-book, General Revenue.    1859-60.
n ii ii ii 7th January, 1867, to 27th August,
ii ii ii        Crown Revenue.    1867-73.
ii ii Correspondence.    Governor  James   Douglas   and   Lt.-Col.   Moody.
n ii Index to Letters received from H. E. the Governor.    28th December,
1858, to 29th December, 1860.
n n Index  to  Letters received  from   H.   E.   the   Governor  and  the
Treasury.    1858-63.
ii n Index to Letters received from Captain Gosset.    17th October, 1858,
to 23rd December, 1864.
n ii Index-book.    Tenders, Specifications, etc.    1859-64.
ii ii Records, Letters to Executive, Attorney-General,  Treasurer,   etc.
14th July, 1865, to 29th June, 1868.
Letters, Departmental.    From Colonial Secretary.    6th May, 1861, to 26th November,
ii ii From Colonial Secretary.    28th November, 1864, to April, 1872.
(Back of  volume  dated November  28th,   1864,   to   26th
February, 1870.)
ii ii General Index—Letters Inward.    1858-63.
ii ii General Index to Miscellaneous Letters (addressed to Governor
Douglas).    1859-64.
ii ii Governor, Letters from.    1859-70. 1 Geo. 5
Report of Provincial Archivist.
N 13
Letters, Departmental.
Index to Letters.
ii                 H
ii                 n
(No. 1).
(No. 2).
(No. 3).
(No. 4).
ii 1st January, 1865, to 31st Decem
ber, 1868.
„ 1869-71.
from Governor.    1858-60.
Official Lstter-book.    4th January, 1867, to
29th December, 1870.
13th July, 1858, to 30th May, 1859.
July, 1859, to 24th July, 1860.
25th July, 1860, to 18th September, 1861.
18th September, 1861, to 19th November,
(No. 5).    19th November, 1862, to 20th November, 1863.
(No. 6).    22nd November,   1863, to 7th  September, 1864.
(No. 7).    7th September, 1864, to 29th December,
Treasurer,   from   Colonial   Secretary  and   Assay
Officer.   10th January, 1859, to 6th May, 1861.
Treasurer   and   Colonial   Secretary.    Letters   to
Captain Gosset, 1860-61.
January, 1864, to May, 1868.
ii ii ii December, 1868, to March, 1871.
ii ii Messages from Governors and Resolutions in reply thereto.    26th
January, 1864, to 15th March, 1869.
ii ii Messages from Governors Seymour and Musgrave.     1864 to 1871.
Naval Officers, Senior.    Letters from.    1859-71.
Seymour, Frederick (Governor).    Commission as Governor of British Columbia, 1864.
Papers relating to the Province of British Columbia.
Legislative Council.    Journals.
Attorney-General.    Reports.    1871, 1875, and 1876.
Despatches.    Lieut.-Governor to Secretary of State, Ottawa.
ii n ii n
ii ii n n
Secretary of State, Ottawa, to Lieut.-Governor.
Executive Council.    Memoranda of Proceedings.    14th November, 1871, to 24th April, N 14
Report of Provincial Archivist.
Executive Council.    Minutes re Trouble on Skeena River.
Indian Affairs.    Seven Letters relating to Land Titles, etc.
Miscellaneous Letters.
1875 to 1879.    (Loose.)
16th August, 1871, to 14th July, 1876.
2nd August, 1876, to 21st June, 1881.
27th October, 1871, to 20th July, 1876.
1876, to 31st May, 1881.
1st August,
Miscellaneous Papers.
Anderson, A. C.
7 th June
Puget Sound Agricultural Company, Origin of the.    1865.
ii Memo, relating to the Cowlitz Farm.    3 pages.    1841.
Brown, Robert (Doctor).    Journal of Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition
ii ii to 20th June, 1864.    Original.
Douglas, James.    Diary of a Journey to Norway House.     1835.    Original.
n Journal.    22nd April, 1840, to 23rd January, 1841.    With notes on
various matters at end of volume.    Original,
it "Establishments of Servants:  Columbia District:  Out 1839"
various   letters   from   13th   July,    1840,    to   16th   March,
ii "Continuation  of  a  Voyage  to  Sitka,"  and  diary.    Rough notes.
1841-43.    Original.
Emigrant Soldiers' Gazette and Cape Horn Chronicle.    1858-59.    Original.
Haller, Granville O.  (Colonel, U. S. A.).    Indian War of 1855-56 in Washington and
Oregon.    Transcript.
Holloway, Robert.    Pioneer Reminiscences.
Holtz, Charles.    Pioneer Reminiscences.
McDonald, Archibald.     Letters to Edward Ermatinger.     1828-56.
Mclvor, John.    Pioneer Reminiscences.
Oregon Question.    Papers and Letters relating to the Oregon Territory and Boundary.
1842-43-44-45.    Transcripts from the Public Records Office.
Pemberton, Augustus.    Diary.     15th January,  1856, to 3rd August,  1858.    (Note at
ii end :  " This is a correct copy of the Original Diary."    [sgnd.]
E. Lazarus.)
Puget Sound Agricultural Company.    Papers relating to.    Transcripts.
Clarke's (Frank) Account with Puget Sound Agricultural Co.     1865.
Indenture of 20th June, 1867.    (Agreement between Company and United
Judgment  of   Supreme  Court,   Territory  of   Washington,   in   Puget  Sound
Agricultural Company vs. Pierce County.    17th January, 1862.
Nisqually and Cowlitz Claims :    List of witnesses and brief questions, etc., in
matter of Puget Sound Agricultural Co.'s claim against the United States.
Shareholders, List of.
Simpson,   George  (Sir).    Reports  upon  Oregon  Territory  and   North-west   America.
Addressed   to Sir John Pelly,   Governor of  the  Hudson's Bay Company.    25th
November, 1841, and 10th March, 1842.
Tod, John.    Journal.    Thompson River.    August, 1841, to December, 1843.     Original.
Tolmie,   William  Fraser  (Doctor).    Letters   from   and   to.     1844-1864.     Dr.   John
McLoughlin, James Douglas, Peter Skene Ogden, and others.    Transcripts.
Tuzo, H. A. (Doctor).    Letter to his sister, Mrs. E. G. Alston, Fort Vancouver.    10th
December, 1863, 1 Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 15
Warre, Henry I. (Lieutenant), and Vavasour, M. (Lieutenant). Papers relative to the
Expedition of Lieutenants Warre and Vavasour to the Oregon Territory. 1844-
45-46.    Transcripts from Public Records Office.
Work John.    Letters to Edward Ermatinger.     1828-1856.
Yates, James.    Pioneer Reminiscences.
Admiralty, The.    To the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.    Letter transmitting
Sir Joseph Banks' instructions to Mr. Menzies.    23rd February,  1791.    C. O.,
No. 5.
Instructions to be followed by Captain George Vancouver en  route to
Nootka.    The Admiralty, Whitehall, 17th March, 1791.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Letter to Lieutenant Meares  re his  letter for compensation  for losses
sustained in Nootka Affair.    June, 1793.
Alston, A. E.    Sketch of Mrs. Anna Maria Tuzo.    1 page.    Transcript.
Alston, A. E.    Sketch of Henry Atkinson Tuzo, Esq.,  M. D.     September  14,  1910.
2 pages.    Transcript.
Alston, A. M. (Mrs.).    Description of Victoria in 1859, with thirteen old photographs.
December, 1907.     11 pages.    Transcript.
Alston, E.  G.    Account of his first year in Victoria,  1859-1860;  with   notes from
diaries.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Alston, E. G.    Extracts from Rough Diaries, 1859, and 1860-1865.    With list of E. G.
Alston's appointments.     1861-66-70-71.    5   pages.    Transcript.
Alston, E. G.   Historical and Political Summary for Ten Years, 1858-1869.    5 pages.
Alston, E. G.    Departure of, and Presentation to.    23rd August, 1871.    Transcript.
Alston, Elizabeth Caroline.    Sketch of.    1 page.    Transcript.
Anderson, Alexander C.    History of North-west Coast.    From Academy of Pacific
Coast History.     132 pages.    Transcript.
Banks, Sir Joseph (F. R. S.).    Letter to Mr. Alexander Menzies.   Instructions respecting
scientific collections and notes during Vancouver Expedition.   22nd February,
1791. 5 pages.    Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Barnard, J. F.    Receipt signed by, for merchandise on first trip of steamer "Yale." 1st
March, 1861.
Blanshard,   Richard   (Governor).    Despatches   to   the   Secretary  of   State  for  the
Colonies.    26th December, 1849, to 30th August, 1851.    Transcript.
Blanshard,  Richard (Governor).    Despatches to, from the Secretary of State for the
Colonies.     1849-1850.    Transcript.
Blanshard, Richard    (Governor).    Letter to Sir John Pelly, Governor of  Hudson's
Bay Company, London, as to successor.    7th April, 1851.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la.    Letter to Robt. Gray and Joseph Ingraham
regarding Nootka Affair.    Nootka, 29th August, 1792.     1 page.    Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la.    Letter to Don Juan de Viana re Nootka Affair.
Nootka, 29th August, 1792.    Colonial Office, No. 5.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la.     Letter to  Captain G.  Vancouver re Nootka
Affair.   Nootka, 29th August, 1792.   Colonial Office, No. 5.   4 pages. Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra,  Don Juan   de  la.    Letter in reply to   Capt.   G.  Vancouver re
restoration  of   land   at  Nootka.     Nootka,   2nd   September,   1792.     1   page.
Bodega y Quadra,  Don Juan de la.    Further letter re restoration of  territory at
Nootka, with explanatory postscript from Dobson.    Nootka, 11th September,
1792. 1 page.    Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la. Further, in reply to a letter from George
Vancouver, R. N.—Readiness to deliver captured territory. 11th September,
1792.    1 page.    Transcript. N 16 Report of Provincial Archivist. 1911
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de  la.     To  Captain G. Vancouver,   re possession of
territory on North-west Coast of Vancouver Island.    15th September,  1792.
3 pages.    Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la.    Further letter to G. Vancouver about territory
on  North-west Coast  to  be  ceded  to H.  B.   Majesty.   .   .   .     Nootka,   15th
September, 1792.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra, Don Juan de la.    To Captain G. Vancouver, about possession of
territory on North-west Coast of Vancouver Island.     15th September,  1792.
3 pages.    Transcript.
Bodega y Quadra,  Don Juan de  la.    Further letter to George Vancouver,  closing
correspondence re restoration  of territory at Nootka.    20th September, 1792.
1 page.    Transcript.
" Cowelitz."    Memorandum Book of Hudson's Bay Co.'s ship " Cowelitz."    1841-42-43.
Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker,  Savonas.
" Cowelitz."    Log of   Hudson's Bay Co.'s ship " Cowelitz."    1843-44.     Presented by
Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.
Cridge, Edward (Bishop).    Notes on the characteristics of James Douglas.    Victoria,
May 29th, 1873.    3 pages.    Typewritten.
Deans, James.     Settlement of Vancouver Island.    Victoria,  1878.    16 pages.    From
Academy of Pacific Coast History.
Duffin, Robert.    Copy of letter to Captain G. Vancouver respecting the Nootka Affair.
Nootka, 28th September, 1792.    Transcript.
Fraser, Simon.    First Journal of, from 12th April to July 18th, 1806.    Copied from
the Transcript in the Bancroft Collection.     From Academy of Pacific Coast
Fraser, Simon.    Letters from the Rocky Mountains from August 1st, 1806, to February
10th,   1807.    Copied from the Transcript in the Bancroft Collection.    From
Academy of Pacific Coast History.
Fraser, Simon.    Three MS. Letters to James McDougall.    Nakazleh (Fort St. James),
21st December, 1806,  31st January, and 15th February, 1807.   .   .   .
Fraser, Simon.    MS. Letter to John Stuart.    Natleh (Fraser Lake).    1st February, 1807.
Fraser, Simon.     Second Journal of, from 30th May to 10th June,   1808.    From the
Transcript- in the Bancroft Collection  .   .   .  Academy of Pacific Coast History.
Goodfellow,   S.  J.  (M.D.).     Recommending removal of Mr.  Richard Blanshard from
Vancouver Island on account of ill-health.    Russell Square, March 29th, 1851.
1 page.    Transcript.
Gray, Robert, & Ingraham, Joseph.    To Don J. F. de la Bodega y Quadra re the seizure
of British ships at Nootka.    Nootka (?) C. O. No. 5.    7 pages.    Transcript.
Grenville, The Earl of.    To the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, re commissioning ships "Discovery" and "Chatham" for the purpose of further exploring the
North-west Coast of America, and to take over the lands and  buildings  at
Nootka, and to acquire information as to the North-west Passage.    Whitehall,
11th February, 1791.     13 pages.    Transcript.
Grenville, The Earl of.    Letter from, to the Rt. Hon. W. Dundas re the Nootka
Affair.    10th June, 1793.    1 page.    Transcript.
Hamilton, N.  B. (Captain).    Unsigned despatch to, requesting that Mr.  Blanshard's
application for passage on one of H. M. ships be communicated to the Admiral
commanding H. M. forces iri the Pacific.    Vancouver Island, 7th April,  1851.
1 page.    Transeript.
Holtz, Charles.    Pioneer Reminiscences.    1854-1863.
Hudson's Bay Company.    "Account of  sales of goods shipped by the Hudson's Bay
Company in Brig Llama in San Francisco, on the Coast of California."    1834.
(Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Hudson's Bay Company.    Letter-book.    H. Moffat.    Fort Rupert, Fort Simpson, and
Kamloops.    1857-67.    (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Hudson's Bay Company.    Letter-book.    W. H. McNeill.    Fort Simpson.    1851-52-53-
54-55.    (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Hudson's   Bay   Company.    Letter-book.    W.   H.   McNeill.     Nisqually,   Sitka,   and
Stikeen.    1841-1845.    (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.) I Geo. 5 Report of Provincial Archivist. N 17
Hudson's Bay Company.    " Steamer Beaver and Brig Llama's Skin Book."    1836-37-
38-39.    (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Ingraham, Joseph.    Journal of a voyage of the Barkentine "Hope " from Boston to the
North-west Coast of America, 1790 to 1792   .   .   .  With charts.    Transcript.
Jefferay's Fraser River Express.    Receipt.    Fort Yale, June 21st, 1861.
McNeill, W. H.    Journal of a voyage from Oahu toward Nantucket.    Ship " Golden
Farmer."    1827-1828.    (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
McNeill, W. H.    Journal of a voyage from Bahia to the Coast of Africa  ...  on
board ship " Burton," of Boston, in the years 1828-29-30.    (Presented by Mrs.
H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Meares, John (Lieutenant).    Letter to the Rt. Hon. W. W. Grenville re Nootka Affair.
F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5.    London, 29th June, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John (Lieutenant).    Letter to Evan Nepean respecting Nootka Affair.    F. O,
Miscellaneous, No. 5.    3rd July, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    Letter to the Rt. Hon. W. W. Grenville re compensation for losses
during Nootka Trouble.    5th July, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John (Nootka).    Memorial respecting losses at Nootka,  and alleged voyage
of the " Washington " through the Straits of Fuca.    Foreign Office, Miscellaneous, No. 5.    20th July, 1790.    7 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    To Evan Nepean, requesting interview re compensation, etc.    Foreign
Office, Miscellaneous, No. 5.    London, 6th August, 1790.    1 page.    Transcript.
Meares,  John.    To  Evan Nepean,  respecting the  release  of  the  " Argonaut"  and
"Princess Royal."    Foreign Office, Miscellaneous, No. 5.    London, 7th August,
1790.    1 page.    Transcript.
Meares, John.     Letter to   the Rt.   Hon.  W. W.   Grenville  re  losses   sustained  at
Nootka, and readiness of Spain to indemnify.    Foreign Office, Miscellaneous,
No. 5.    London, 17th August, 1790.     2 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    Memorial of John Meares, addressed to the Rt. Hon. W. W. Grenville,   on behalf of  himself and  associates.    London,   7th   September,   1790.
Foreign Office, Miscellaneous, No. 5.     13 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    Recapitulation and general account of  losses   .    .     .    sustained by
British merchants   ...   by the capture  of  their vessels.    Foreign Office,
Miscellaneous, No. 5.    London, 7th September, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    Schedule of Sundry Vouchers and Papers presented to the Rt. Hon.
W. W. Grenville, in Lieutenant Meares' memorial of the 7th September, 1790.
Foreign Office,  Miscellaneous, No.  5.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Meares, John.    To Evan Nepean, Esq., re Memorial and Accounts.    Foreign Office,
Miscellaneous, No. 5.     London, 1st October, 1790.     1 page.     Transcript.
Moore, Roger.    Recollections of early pioneer days in British Columbia, dating from
July, 1858.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Nelson, Hugh.    Receipt signed by, for gold dust sent by Ballou's Express.   Yale, 10th
August, 1861.
Nootka.    Minutes of Cabinet re Nootka Affair.    F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5.    Whitehall,
30th April, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Nootka.    Information obtained from Lieutenant Meares re Nootka Affair, respecting the
arrival in China of the  " Washington" from Nootka.    F.  O.,  Miscellaneous,
No. 5.    London, 3rd July, 1790.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Nootka.    Memorandum of information obtained from Mr. Neville, of the East India
Company's service, respecting Kendrick's voyage in the " Washington " in the
Autumn of 1789.    F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5.    4th July, 1790.
Nootka.    Petition to the Rt. Hon, Philip Stevens, Secretary to the Board of Admiralty,
of Peter Hiney and R. Davison, late of Ship "Fair American," offering to give
evidence re Nootka Affair.    16th August, 1790.    F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5.
2 pages.    Transcript.
Nootka.    Petition to His Grace the Duke of Leeds, Secretary of State, of Peter Hiney
and R. Davison, late prisoners at Nootka, claiming allowance for subsistence.
16th August, 1790.    F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5.    4 pages.    Transcript.
Nootka.    Substance of correspondence between Sig. Quadra and Captain Vancouver,
with an abstract of the latter's narrative,  from  August 28th   to September
22nd, 1790.    F. O, Miscellaneous, No. 5.    10 pages.    Transcript. N 18
Report of Provincial Archivist.
Unsigned.    No date.    C. O., No. 5.
translation  of  memorial  relative   to
to Count de Florida Blanca.    F. O.,
Letter to Evan Nepean.    Remarks on Vancouver's management of the Nootka
Affair.    Unsigned.    7th January, 1793.    C. O., No. 5.    Transcript.
Memorandum concerning Nootka Affair.
2 pages.    Transcript.
Copy of unsigned despatch, enclosing
transactions at Nootka Sound, addressed
Miscellaneous, No. 5.    4 pages.    Transcript.
Letter to Evan Napean. Remarks on, regretting that Vancouver declined to
close transactions at Nootka. F. O., Miscellaneous, No. 5. No date.
Sir John (Governor, H. B. Co.). Letter to, transmitting copy of despatch
from the Governor of Vancouver's Island, reporting his arrival at Panama on
the 28th November, 1849. (894) Vancouver's Island, 11th February, 1850.
1 half-page.    Transcript.
Sir   John   (Governor,   H.   B.   Co.).    Unsigned   letter   to,   requesting   that  a
successor  to   Mr.   Blanshard,   in   the  administration  of  the   Government  of
Vancouver's  Island,   be  appointed.     Vancouver's  Island,   7th  April,   1850.
1 page.    Transcript.
Sir John   (Governor, H. B. Co.).    Unsigned despatch to, enclosing copies of
despatches from the Governor of Vancouver Island, and Earl  Grey's replies.
(5505) Vancouver Island', 23rd July, 1850.     1 page.    Transcript.
Sir   John   (Governor,   H.   B.   Co.).    Unsigned   despatch   to,   transmitting a
despatch from the  Governor of   Vancouver's Island  reporting  progress  and
present state of that settlement.    (7378) D. S., 21st September,  1850.    1 half-
page.    Transcript.
Pelly, Sir John (Governor, H. B. Co.).    Unsigned despatch to, confirming appointment
of J. S. Helmcken as Magistrate for Fort Rupert and adjacent district.
(9152) Vancouver's Island, 20th November, 1850.     1 half-page.    Transcript.
Pelly, Sir John (Governor, H. B. Co.).     Unsigned despatch to, forwarding copy of
despatch  from Governor of Vancouver's  Island reporting  massacre  of   three
British subjects, and asking for information as to measures to be adopted for
protection of inhabitants.   (9564) Vancouver's Island, 30th November, 1850.
1 page.    Transcript.
Reade, John.    Notes on version of Simon Fraser's Journal, as published by Hon. L. R.
Masson in " Les Bourgeois de la Compagnie du Nord Ouest."     2 pages.    MS.
K.ogers, A. W.    Some incidents and experiences in the life of, from November, 1862,
when he left England, to the present time.    32 pages.    MS.
Semple, Robert.    Reminiscences of Boundary Survey.    1858-1862.
Sproat, Gilbert Malcolm.    Various papers and memorandum.
Spurgeon,  John  (M.D.).     Certifying to  necessity  for  removal  of   Mr.   R.  Blanshard
from Vancouver Island, owing to ill-health.    Russell Square, 28th March, 1851.
Stuart, John.   MS.   Journal.   20th December, 1805, to 28th February, 1806.   (Presented
by Dr. I. W. Powell, Victoria.)
Stuart, John     Journal from December 20th, 1805, to February 28th, 1806.    From the
Transcript in the Bancroft Collection   .   .   .   Academy of Pacific Coast History.
Todd, William.    Autograph letter.    York Factory, 15th July, 1829.
Vancouver,   George  (Captain).      Letter  to  Admiralty,  re   accommodation   for Mr.
Menzies on board " Discovery."    Whitehall, 23rd February, 1791.    C. O., No. 5.
2 pages.    Transcript.
Vancouver,   George  (Captain).    Letter to  Admiralty.     H.  M.  S.   "Discovery," St.
Hellen's Road, 3rd March, 1791.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Letter from, with "demand for supplies" for H. M.
"Discovery."   H. M. S. "Discovery," Falmouth, 12th March, 1791.    20 pages.
Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver,   George  (Captain).     Letter to  Evan  Nepean.     H. M. S. "Discovery,"
Falmouth, 31st March, 1791.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Narrative of proceedings in H. M. Sloop "Discovery"
from 28th August  to  27th  September,   1792,   partly relative to transactions
with Sgr.  Quadra respecting  the cession of  certain territories on North-west
Coast of  America   .   .   .   agreeable to the articles of  the  late Convention.
With copies of correspondence.     76 pages.    Transcript. i Geo. S Report of Provincial Archivist7. N 19
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Letter in reply to Don Juan de la Bodega y Quadra
re settlement of Nootka Affair.    Friendly Cove, Nootka Sound, 1st September,
1792.    C. 0., No. 5.    3 pages.    Transcript.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Order signed by, appointing Mr. Archibald Menzies
to act as Surgeon on H. M. Sloop " Discovery."    Nootka Sound, 9th September,
1792.    C. O.," No. 5.    Original.
Vancouver, George (Captain).     Reply to Don Juan de la Bodega y Quadra, re the
restoration of certain territories at Nootka.    H. M. S. " Discovery," Friendly
Cove, Nootka, 10th September, 1792.    0. O., No. 5.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Further letters to Don Juan de la Bodega y Quadra,
regarding disputed territory at Nootka.    H. M. S. " Discovery," Friendly Cove,
Nootka Sound, 11th September, 1792.    2 pages.    Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver,   George   (Captain).     Further  letter  to   Quadra,   re  the   restoration   of
captured territory at Nootka.    Friendly Cove, Nootka Sound, 11th September,
1792.    1 page.    Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver,   George  (Captain).    To  Don  Juan  de  la  Bodega y Quadra,   regarding
possession   of certain territory on the North-west Coast   of   America.     13th
September, 1792.    I1- pages.    Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    Further letter to Don Juan de la Bodega y Quadra,
regarding restoration of territory at Nootka.     H. M. S. " Discovery," Friendly
Cove, Nootka, 15th September, 1792.    2 pages.    Transcript.
Vancouver, George (Captain).    To Don Juan de la Quadra, regarding possession of
certain territory on North-west Coast of Vancouver Island, and transmitting
charts.    20th September, 1792.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver,   George   (Captain).    Account  of   state  and  condition  of   H.   M.   Sloop
" Discovery " and Tender " Chatham."   Nootka, 26th September, 1792.    2 pages.
Transcript.    C. O., No. 5.
Vancouver,   George   (Captain).    Letter  to   Evan  Nepean,  Esq.,   re  Nootka  Affair.
H. M. S. "Discovery," Monterey, 7th January, 1793.    7 pages.    Transcript.
Vancouver Island.    Despatch to Governor of, transmitting copy of Act passed at late
Session to provide  for the administration   of justice  in  Vancouver Island.
15th September, 1849.    Unsigned.    1 page.    Transcript.
Vancouver Island.    Account of the first consecration of a church on Vancouver Island,
by the Bishop of Columbia.    December 7th, 1860.    4 pages.    Transcript.
Vancouver Island.    "Minutes of the Council, commencing 30th August,  1851, and
terminating with the prorogation of the House of Assembly."    February 6th,
1861.      First page written  by Governor Blanshard, following nine pages by
Governor Douglas, and the balance by Clerks of the Council.
Viana, F. de.    To Don Juan de la Bodega y Quadra, about Nootka Affair.   C. O., No. 5.
1 page.    Transcript.
Wellesly, George (Captain).    To Governor Blanshard, advising him of the destruction
by Captain Barton of the camp of the Newitty Indians   .   .   .   and failure  to
secure murderers.    H. M. S. " Daedalus," Beaver Harbour, October 13th, 1850.
Wellington,  His Grace the Duke of.    Commission appointing Richard Blanshard
Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Island of Vancouver and its
dependencies.    C. O., 305, Vol. 2.    16th July, 1849.     1 half-page.    Transcript.
Wildes, Dixey.    Journal kept on board ship " Paragon."     January, 1819, to 1st May,
1820.     (Presented by Mrs. H. J. Baker, Savonas.)
Printed by Richaed Wolfenden, I.S.O., V.D., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.


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