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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE FISCAL… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1904

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 REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
FOR   THE
FISCAL YEAR ENDING 30th JUNE,
1903.
PBINTED BY
AUTHORITY  OF THE  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B. C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfkndm, I.S.O., V.D., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty
1904.  4 Ed. 7
Public Works Report.
E 3
REPORT
OF  THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS.
1903.
To the Honourable Sir Henri Gustave Joly de Lotbiniere, K. C. M. G., Lieutenant-Governor
of the Province cf British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of my Department, for the
fiscal year 1902-3, in compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Act.
Lands and  Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, January, 190J/..
R. F. GREEN,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works. E 4
Public Works Report.
1904
Approximate Mileage of Roads and Trails in the Province of British Columbia.
Electoral Districts.
Roads.
Trails.
121
152
154
96
154
35
242
190
99
77
123
76
14
50
717
820
448
580
373
348
82
165
103
80
180
90
235
351
190
37
47
96
Delta 	
9
20
102
Atlin	
377
119
792
230
Vale	
163
147
124
30
69
371
260
237
265
654
318
144
Total	
6,345
4,611 4 Ed. 7 Public Works Report. E 5
PUBLIC   WORKS    REPORT.
South Victoria District.
Blenkinsop Lake Road.
Laid brush 2,700 lin. feet, 14 feet wide, 15 inches deep.
Filled in 1,500      „ 10        „ 18
Gravelled 3,000      .. 12        „ 12 „
Ditched 5,400 2        „ 6 „
Saanich Road.
Macadamised 1,000 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 4,000       „ 12 „ 6 „
Built two new culverts, 2 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Glanford Avenue.
Macadamised 4,000 lin. feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repaired boles in road with broken rock.
Carey Road.
Macadamised 1,500 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Excavated  16 cubic yards of rock.
Built 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Burnside Road.
Gravelled 2,500 lin. feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Harriet Road.
Gravelled 1,000 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 36 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep
Gorge Road.
Ditched 300 lin. feet, 2 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 25 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Repaired sidewalk and cut brush off side of road.
Tolmie Avenue.
Built 1 culvert, 25 feet long, 5 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Repaired sidewalk.
Cook Street.
Gravelled 1,800 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Quadra Street.
Gravelled 900 lin. feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gordon Head Road.
Gravelled 2,000 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, .6 inches deep. E 6 Public Works Report. 1904
Cadboro Bay Road.
Gravelled 3,000 lin. feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Graded        300      „       24
Ditched    1,200 2 8
Todd Road.
Gravelled 800 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Graded     300      „        24
Metalled   200      „ 10        „ 8
Ditched    300      „ 2        „        12
Built 1 culvert, 25 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Shoal Bay Road.
Gravelled 215 lin. feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cut brush from sides of road 200 feet.
Mount Tolmie Road.
Gravelled 3,200 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Metalled      100      „ 9 „ 6
Mount Tolmie Cross Road.
Gravelled 1,500 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Robertson Road.
Excavated 100 lin. feet, 24 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Filled in       50      n 24        „ 3
Graded       500      » 24
Built 1 culvert, 25 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Feltham Road.
Gravelled 2,5Q0 lin. feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched       200 2        „ 6
Cedar Hill Road.
Built 3 culverts, 25 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Cut brush from sides of road and repaired sidewalk.
Cordova Bay Road.
Graded      3,600 lin. feet, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed       500       „ 18
Gravelled   1,000       n 9 n 8 inches deep.
Ditched     7,000       n 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Cleared off road (after a storm) 26 fallen trees.
Cut brush from each side of road 3 miles.
Built 6 culverts, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Prospect Road.
Gravelled 1,500 lin. feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Graded        400      „       14
Helmcken Road.
Gravelled 1,500 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Metalled   1,000    „  10        „ 1 foot deep.
Holland Avenue.
Gravelled 300 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep. 4 Ed. 7 South and North Victoria and Esquimalt Districts. E 7
Roach's Road.
Graded     600 lin. feet, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 700       n 9        n 6 inches deep.
West Saanich Road.
Gravelled 3,000 lin. feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 2| feet wide, 5|- feet deep.
East Saanich Road.
Graded   1,500 lin. feet, 25 feet wide.
Ditched 1,000      n 2 n 6 inches deep.
Built 3 culverts, 26 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 6,000 lin. feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Mount Newton Cross Road.
Macadamised 2,000 lin. feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Puckle's Road.
Gravelled 3,000 lin. feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Telegraph Road.
Graded   1,000 lin. feet, 23 feet wide.
Ditched 1,500      „ 2 „ 2 feet deep.
Built 1 culvert, 23 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Happy Valley Road.
Gravelled 3,000 lin. feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched    1,500 2 6
Cut brush from sides of road 1,000 feet, 10 feet wide.
Butler's Cross Road.
Gravelled 1,600 lin. feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
North Victoria District.
Renewals, improvements and general repairs were carried on in connection with the
roads and bridges in North Saanich and on the following islands :—Pender, Galiano, Salt
Spring and Mayne, all included within the District of North Victoria.
Esquimalt District.
Renewals, improvements and general repairs were carried on in connection with the
streets, roads and bridges in the six divisions, viz., Esquimalt, Highland, Metchosin, Sooke,
East Sooke and Otter Point, comprising this District. E 8 Public Works Report. 1904
Cowichan District.
Beach Road (length, 2 miles; 66 feet wide).
From Corfield P. O. to Cowichan Wharf.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 20 ;
freight or produce hauled, 150 tons outward, 100 tons inward.
Cribbed      398 feet, 4 feet wide.
Filled in     398    „    2        „        4 feet deep.
Ditched   3,180    „    3
Gravelled   336    n    9 n        4 inches deep.
Cleared out slides and ditches and removed fallen timber.
Bench Road (length, 2|- miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Old Koksilah Road at Cowichan Station to Corfield P. O.    Purposes, agricultural;
mail   route; number of settlers,  5; freight or produce hauled,  150 tons outward,
150 tons inward.
Forest cleared 3,000 feet, 6 feet wide.
Gravelled 375    n    9 n        4 inches deep.
Removed fallen timber.
Carvelle and Jackson's (length, If miles ; 33 feet wide).
Branch of Old Koksilah Road.    Purposes,  agricultural; number of settlers, 12 ; freight
or produce hauled, 15 tons outward, 16 tons inward.
Graded      950 feet, 12 feet wide.
Stoned 18    n      4        n 12 inches deep.
Gravelled 540    „      8        n 5
Cavin and Leakey Road (length, | mile; 33 feet wide).
From Marshall's Road to Cavin's.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 12 ; freight
or produce hauled, 10 tons outward, 15 tons inward.
Grubbed 1,764 feet, 9 feet wide.
Graded    1,764     „     9
Removed fallen timber and made general repairs.
Chapman New Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cobble Hill Station to Chapman's.      Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 1 ;
freight or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 5 tons inward.
Brush cleared 600 feet, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 120    „      3
Excavated       354    n     10 n 1 foot deep.
Filled in 315    „      9 ., l\
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Cobble Hill Road (length, 3^ miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cobble Hill Station to R. C. Church.    Purposes agricultural; number of settlers,
13; freight or produce hauled, 100 tors outward, 150 tons inward.
Gravelled 350 feet, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cleared fallen timber.
Copper Canyon Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From   Lenora   Townsite   and  Chemainus   River to Mt.   Brenton.      Purposes,   mining;
country mountainous; number of settlers, 50; about 100 mining claims; 100 men
employed ; freight or produce hauled, 200 tons inward.
Widened 7,640 feet of road 2 feet.
Removed stumps and graded road.
Filled in bridge approach. 4 Ed. 7 Cowichan District. E 9
Cowichan Lake Road (length, 15| miles; 33 feet wide).
Sahtlam District Line to Cowichan Lake.    Purposes, agricultural; timber and mail route;
number of settlers, 20;   freight or produce hauled,  150 tons outward,  250 tons
inward.
Graded        5,058 feet, 16 feet wide.
Ditched      1,518    „      11      „ 1£ feet deep.
Cribbed 45    „ 2
17    „ 3
Filled in -91    .,12 „ 1J
Gravelled   2,880    ,,7        „        6 inches deep.
Made 29 culverts, 16 feet by 1\ feet by 1 foot.
Removed fallen timber.
Cowichan Lake North Shore Road (length, 4 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Foot of Lake to North Arm. Purposes, agricultural, timber, Indian Reservation,
mail route ; number of settlers, 15. A number of small mining properties are served
by this road as also the logging camps ; 100 men employed. Freight or produce
hauled, 100 tons outward, 250 tons inward.
Forest cleared 100 feet, 10 feet wide.
Graded 2,900    „      8
Ditched 100    „      2        „        2 feet deep.
Removed fallen timber.
Cowichan Lake South Shore Road (length, 9 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Foot of Lake to Narrows.    Purposes, agricultural and timber; number of settlers,
15 ; freight or produce hauled, 3 tons outward.
Forest cleared 2,160 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 450    „      9
Cowichan River Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From  Duncan  to  Koksilah Station.     Purposes,   agricultural  and  Indian Reservation;
number of settlers, 15; 40 Indians; freight or produce hauled,  500 tons outward,
100 tons inward.
Grubbed    705 feet, 18 feet wide.
Graded      705    ,,    18
Filled in      90    „    12 ,,        4 feet deep.
Gravelled  705    ..9 ..        6 inches deep.
Dighton's Road (length, 1 mile; 33 feet wide).
Branch from Trunk Road to Dighton's.     Purposes agricultural; number of settlers, 3 ;
freight or produce hauled, 5 tons inward.
Ditched      500 feet, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Gravelled      30    n     8 feet      .,     4 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet by 1 foot by 3 feet.
Duncan-Sahtlam Road (length, 5 miles; 33 feet wide).
Branch from  Cowichan Lake Road to Sahtlam.     Purposes,  agricultural; timber and
Indian Reservation; number of settlers, 7; 10 Indians; freight or produce hauled,
5 tons outward, 30 tons inward.
Forest cleared      816 feet, 14 feet wide.
12
12
1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
4\ feet high.
12 feet wide, \\ feet deep.
12        „ 3
7 m 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts,    12 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Removed fallen timber.
Grubbed
816
Graded
1,320
Ditched
186
Cribbed
150
Excavated
earth 190
Filled in
130
Gravelled
72 E 10 Public Works Report. 1904
Halhed Road (length, J mile; 33 feet wide).
From Trunk Road to Halhed's.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 6 ; freight
or produce hauled, 6 tons inward.
Brush cleared  900 feet, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 90    .,      1 foot wide.
Filled in 15    n      9 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 45    ..      8        ., 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet by 1 foot by  1 foot.
Removed logs from bridge and repaired approaches.
Hopkins Swamp Road (length, f mile; 33 feet wide).
From Cobble Hill Road to Cameron Taggert Road.    Purposes,  agricultural; number of
settlers, 2 ; freight or produce hauled, 10 tons inward.
Brush cleared, 3,540 feel, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 210    „       1 foot wide.
Howie's Road (length, § mile; 33 feet wide).
Branch of Mountain Road.    Purposes,  agricultural; number of settlers, 1 ;   freight or
produce hauled, 5 tons inward.
Corduroyed 120 feet, 11 feet wide.
Gravelled    120    ..      8        n 6 inches deep.
Indian Road (length, 2| miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan River Bridge to Glenora Road. Purposes, connects Duncan and Glenora,
part Indian Reservation; freight or produce hauled, 45 tons outward, 70 tons
inward.
Grubbed    255 feet, 14 feet wide.
Graded      255    „    14
Filled in    150    ii    12 „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled  150    .,8 n        6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Cleaned out ditches.
Removed fallen timber.
Koenig's Road (length, J mile; 33 feet wide).
From Trunk  Road   to   Shawnigan   Lake   Hotel.    Purposes,   agricultural   and   tourist;
number of settlers, 10 ; freight or produce hauled, 30 tons inward, 20 tons outward.
Brushed out 660 feet,    6 feet wide.
Filled in        168    „    10 ,, 1 foot deep,
Gravelled       135    ..     10 n 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches.
Koksilah Flats Road (length, 1| miles; 33 feet wide).
From Koksilah Station to Trunk Road. Purposes, agricultural and Indian reservation >
number of settlers, 15 ; 35 Indians ; freight or produce hauled, 250 tons outward,
310 tons inward.
Filled in 36 feet, 18 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Gravelled   1,242    m      8 h 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Koksilah River Side Road (length, 5| miles; 33 feet wide).
From Old Koksilah Road to J. Boal, Jr's.    Purposes, agricultural and mining ; number of
settlers, 20 ; 15 mining properties, 15 men employed ; freight or produce hauled, 20 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Forest cleared      10,560 feet,   6 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,350    ..     14
Graded 1,350    „     13 4 Ed. 7 Cowichan District. E 11
Ditched 1,800   feet,  1 foot wide, 4 inches deep.
Excavated earth       525    n       6 .,        20 .,
Filled in 366    „      7 „       22
Gravelled 900 9 ,. 6
Made 4 culverts, 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Lakeside Road (length, 3|- miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan Station to Trunk Road at Dougan's.    Purposes, agricultural; number of
settlers, 18 ; freight or produce hauled, 150 tons outward, 150 tons inward.
Ditched    420 feet, 3 feet wide.
Gravelled 888    n    9        n        4 inches deep.
Repaired 1 culvert and cleared out windfalls.
Marshall's Road (length, 1 mile; 33 feet wide).
From Glenora Road to Marshall's.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 6; freight
or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 25 tons inward.
Gravelled 150 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 18 by 1J feet by 1 foot.
McKenelley and Doupe's Road (length, 2J? miles; 33 feet wide).
Branch of Old Koksilah Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 7 ; freight or
produce hauled, 10 tons outward, 15 tons inward.
Forest cleared 1,380 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,950    .,    12
Graded 1,950    „    12
Cribbed 120    ,,      4 feet high.
Excavated 210    ..      6 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Filled in 300    -,      6        „ 1|      ,,
Mill Bay and Whiskey Point Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Whiskey Point to Mill Bay.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 10; freight
or produce hauled, 1,200 tons outward, 60 tons inward.
Brush cleared 450 feet, 4 feet wide.
Ditched 669    „
Gravelled 600    ..    8        ..        4 inches deep.
Mount Sicker-Somenos Road (length 1| miles; 33 feet wide).
From Municipal Boundary Line to Lenora Townsite. Purposes, mining; mountainous ;
number of settlers, 100; mine shipping, Tyee; 100 other mining properties; 100
men employed : freight and ore shipped by private tramway; freight or produce
hauled, 500 tons outward, 3,000 tons inward.
Graded 1,485 feet, 14 feet wide.
• Cribbed 30    i.      5 feet high.
Excavated rock      66 cubic feet.
Gravelled 405 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Mount Sicker-Westholme Road (length, 3 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Chemainus Municipal Boundary to Lenora Townsite. Purpose, mining; mountainous ; number of settlers, 200 ; mine shipping, Lenora ; about 100 Other mining properties ; 350 men employed ; freight and ore shipped by private railroad; freight or
produce hauled, 200 tons inward.
Cribbed    90 feet, 7 feet high.
Made      570    n    new road.
Removed windfalls.
Mountain Road (length, 3J miles ; 33 feet wide).
Branch from Old Koksilah Road to Gun's. Purposes, agricultural and lumber; number
of settlers, 3; freight or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 3 tons inward. E 12 Public Works Report. 1904
Forest cleared 5,180 feet, 6 feet wide.
Graded 180    „    8
Ditched 60    ..    3        .,
Gravelled 480    n    8        „        5 inches deep.
Repaired 1 culvert.
Old Koksilah Road (length, 6| miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan Wharf to Koksilah Station. Purposes, agricultural and Indian Reservation; number of settlers, 65 ; 15 Indians ; freight or produce hauled, 270 tons outward, 200 tons inward.
Ditched 2,220 feet,   3 feet wide.
Excavated earth     150    „ -2        n 6 feet deep.
Filled in 330    ,,    16        „ 1 foot    „
Gravelled 2,760    ..      9        m        6 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 30 feet by 2 feet b)' 1 foot.
Shawnigan Lake Road (length, 4 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Mill Bay to Shawnigan Lake.      Purposes,  agricultural;   number of settlers, 23 ;
freight or produce hauled,  50 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Brush cleared       3,450 feet,    6 feet wide.
foot deep.    '
Graded
120    ,
,    13
Ditched
180    ,
1
1
Excavated earth
120    ,
,    12
1
Filled in
138    ,
12
1
Gravelled
378    ,
12
Removed fallen timber.
Telegraph Road (length, 6 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Trunk Road to Whiskey Point Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers,
14 ; freight or produce hauled, 50 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Brush cleared 4,500 feet,    6 feet wide.
Ditched 1,785    „      1 ,, 1 foot deep.
Filled in 21     ,,    14        „ 5 feet    „
Gravelled 435    ,,      8        „ 6 inches deep.
Removed fallen timber.
Thain's Road (length, If miles; 33 feet wide).
From Dougan's to Raymond's Crossing. Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 1 ;
freight or produce hauled, 200 tons outward, 5 tons inward.
Waters Road (length, 1 \ miles; 33 feet wide).
Branch road from Glenora Road to Waters. Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers,
4 ; freight or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 10 tons inward.
Victoria Nanaimo Trunk Road (length, 32 miles; 66 feet wide).
From North Esquimalt Boundary Line (Shawnigan Lake) to South Nanaimo Boundary
Line (Chemainus). Purposes, agricultural; mail route, mining, lumber, Indian
Reservation; number of settlers, 1,600; 700 Indians; freight or produce hauled,
9,750 tons outward ; 6,250 tons inward.
Brush cleared      9,735 feet,    6 feet wide.
Graded 690    „     16
Ditched 4,700    „      1 „ 1 foot deep.
Fenced 1,665    t,    post and rails.
Excavated earth    330    „    12 feet wide,  1 „
Excavated rock      866 cubic feet.
Filled in 330 foet, 12 feet wide, 1
Gravelled 2,950    „      9        „ 6 inches deep.
Made 5 culverts, 20 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Re-covered   1       ,, 18      .,       3 feet   „   6 feet.
Filled in holes and ruts length of road. 4 Ed. 7 Alberni District. E 13
Clem-Clem-a-Lutz Bridge.
Twelve loads of rock were placed at corner of west approach to Clem-Clem-a-lutz Bridge,
and brush and rock at south-east corner, to protect the bank from erosion.
Koksilah River (at bridge site).
Blasted out jams.    Cleared brush and hauled logs 100 feet from east side, in case of fire.
Bear Valley Creek.    Contract No. 1.
From W. Forrest's Bridge to railway culvert; length, J mile. Cleared out all logs in
creek bed and along banks, removed same back 50 feet from banks, cut out and
moved all brush and reeds from each bank, felled all trees within 10 feet of banks,
and straightened banks where overhanging.
Alberni 'District.
Townsite Roads.
Comprised of streets and roads in the towns of Alberni and New Alberni, including a
road connecting the two towns and the wharf, over which all the freight of the
District is hauled.
Forest cleared     360 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,743    „    18      „
Graded 1,743    „    18      „
Ditched 960    .,      1-|    „
Gravelled 7,860    „    10      „        5 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts, averaging 18 feet by 1^ feet by 1 foot.
ii     1 culvert, 164      „      l|        n     1     n
Repaired roads and streets in general.
China Creek Road (about 13 miles).
Commencing at New Alberni and traversing a rough, heavily timbered country, being the
outlet for a number of mineral claims, including the Golden Eagle.
Graded        7,035 feet, 12 feet wide.
1,935    „    15
Ditched       3,337     „       2J
Corduroyed 1,087     n     12 „
Made 29 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 2 feet by 1^ feet.
Cut out windfalls and generally repaired 13 miles of road
Sproat Lake Road (11 miles).
Commencing at its deviation from Beaver Creek, passing through a heavily timbered
country. Purposes, agricultural and used by prospectors; also the outlet for Indian
Mission and two Indian reservations; settlers, about 50.
Graded 450 feet, 14 feet wide.
Ditched              2,475
11
2
II
Cribbed                   60
11
4
M
Excavated earth    90
II
14
ll
4 feet deep.
Filled in               150
II
12
It
2
Gravelled           2,790
II
6
II
6 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 3 feet by 3 feet by 14 feet.
McCoy Lake Road (3|- miles).
Commencing at its deviation from Sproat Lake Road, passing round McCoy Lake and
joining Sproat Lake Road at a point about two miles from its deviation. Purposes,
agricultural: settlers, 15. E 14 Public Works Report. 1904
Graded
150 feet,
14 feet wide.
Ditched
825    „
2
Gravelled 930    „
6
6 inches deep.
Beaver Creek Road (about 4 miles).
Purposes, agricultural; commencing at Alberni, traversing at a slight incline a timbered
country, and being the outlet for about 140 settlers.
Grubbed    1,350 feet, 16 feet wide.
,1
150
,,    14
Graded
2,025
„    16
it
150
„    14
Ditched
2,730
,i      2
Cribbed
180
n    14
Filled in
216
-,    14
Stoned
60
,,      2
Gravelled
4,875
„      8
2 feet deep.
2
6 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, averaging 4 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet.
Cut out brush both sides of road and took out several large stumps; hewed timber for
covering bridge.
Kitsucksis Road (3 miles).
Commencing at Alberni and following Kitsucksis Creek for about one mile; thence
through a timbered country to its junction with Cherry Creek Road.    Purposes,
agricultural
; settlers,
25.
Forest cleared
900 feet, 6 feet wide
Grubbed
2,700    m
6
Graded
7,050    .,
6
Ditched
975    n
2
Excavated earth
375    ii
12
Filled in
150    m
12
Gravelled
3,630    „
7
1J feet deep.
2
2
6 inches deep.
Made 5 culverts, averaging 2 feet by 12 feet by 1 foot.
Cherry Creek Road (3 miles).
Commencing at its deviation from Nanaimo Road and traversing a timbered country till
joining the Kitsucksis Road.
Chopped and logged 2,400 feet, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
987
„    12
,
Graded
987
II     12
i
Ditched
930
„      31
i         1J feet deep.
Excavated earth
171
ii     12
,        3
Filled in
123
n    12
21        „
Gravelled
600
..     7
i        6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 1 foot by 14 feet by 1 foot.
Andrews' Road (J mile).
A branch road from Cherry Creek Road to the Andrews Ranch.
Forest cleared 350 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 350    „    12
Graded 350    „    12
Ditched 600    ■■      2|-      n 2 feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Nanaimo Road, Alberni section (12 miles).
Commencing at Alberni with a steady incline for the first four miles, from whence it is
very steep to the summit of the pass, followed by steep descent to the Cedar Flats,
from whence it is fairly level to Cameron Lake. This is the mail and stage road to
Parksville and Nanaimo. 4 Ed. 7 Alberni District. E 15
Forest cleared 600 feet, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed
700    ,
6
Graded
2,095    ,
10
Ditched
500    i
2|       •
1|- feet deep.
Filled in
50    ,
,    12        ,
2
Gravelled
4,518    ,
7
8 inches deep
ii
350    ■
12        ,
1 foot deep.
Ucluelet Peninsula Road, connecting the ranches on Ucluelet Peninsula and Long Beach
and Wreck Bay Trail.
Forest cleared 7,242 feet, 50 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,100    „      7
Graded 900    ,,      7
This work was done to allow the sun to dry the road.
Ucluelet and Clayoquot Road (Ucluelet section) connecting Ucluelet and Clayoquot.
Forest cleared 1,083 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 300    ,,      6
Graded 2,403    „      6
Corduroyed 336    „      9        n
Filled in 390    ,.      6
Ucluelet-Clayoquot Road (Clayoquot section).
Forest cleared      791 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed           2,955    „
7
Graded              2,955    „
7
Ditched                  45    n
1
Corduroyed          164    n
9
Excavated earth 207    n
6
1 foot deep.
ii         rock       4J ii
6
n   "
Filled in               585    „
6
i    i.
Cleared road of windfalls during winter.-
Schooner Cove Trail.
Forest cleared 6,600 feet, 16 feet wide.
Corduroyed 60    n 9        h
Filled in 24    „ 4        „ 3£ feet deep.
Deer Creek Trail (a trail for the use of prospectors).
Forest cleared 3,762 feet, 16 feet wide.
Quatsino Local Roads (connecting the different ranches and the wharf).
Graded      1,290 feet, 5 feet wide.
Corduroyed 495    ,,    5 „
Cleared out 200 windfalls.
Cape Scott Roads (connecting the ranches of the settlement).
Graded 435 feet, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 1,350 „ 1| „
Corduroyed 450 n 10 n
Made one mile of new trail to Thomsen's ranch.
Coal Harbour and Hardy Bay Trail (11 miles).
A trail crossing the Island from Coal Harbour, Quatsino Sound, to Hardy Bay, on the
East Coast.
Graded 645 feet,   6 feet wide.
Corduroyed     426    „    12 „
ii 1,696    I,      6        ii
465    „    10
Made 5 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 10 feet.
Cut out about 250 windfalls. E 16 Public Works Report. 1904
South   Nanaimo   District.
Sumner and Hammond's Road (Texada Island).
This road branches from the main road near Kirk Lake to Sumner's farm in a southwesterly direction, and is utilised by prospectors also. The country is wooded and
rocky.    The work performed on this road consisted of:—
Forest cleared, 28,400 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 17,700    „
Graded 4,400    ,.
Corduroyed 100    n
Excavated rock     500    n   ,10 feet wide and 1 to 4 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert.
Main Road, Wharf to Lock-up, Van Anda (Texada Island).
This road commences at the wharf and continues to the iron mine on the west side of the
island. Graded 500 feet and made general repairs, cut out fallen timber and ditched
4 miles of the road.    Made repairs from Van Anda to Marble Bay.
Gabriola Island, Myles' Road.
Cleared out 2 miles of fallen timber and made necessary repairs.
Main Trunk Road, Nanaimo River to Chase River.
Gravelled 8,045 feet by 10 feet, averaging 8 inches deep.
Main Trunk Road, at Taylor's.
Built for the purpose of straightening the main road and saving a distance of about a
mile. 1,500 feet of forest cleared. Grubbed and graded the same 20 feet wide.
Made one culvert.
Waterloo and Frosts' Road.
Graded and gravelled 750 feet, 15 feet wide.
Put in 2 culverts.    Made general repairs.
Quennell and Dolan's Road.
Graded and ditched 660 feet, 15 feet wide: Ditched both sides. Made 1 culvert, 15
feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Bridge and Culvert, Ladysmith.
Made 1 culvert, 45 feet by 2J feet wide by 1 foot deep.
ii     1 H      16    n 1 ii 1 ii
Stark, Roberts, Richardson and others.
Branch roads leading to the farms of settlers.
Grubbe'd, ditched and gravelled 4,400 feet, 15 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts, 22 feet long, 4 feet high.
Harewood Extension Road.
Grubbed 1,500 feet; graded 3,500 feet; ditched and gravelled 3,500 feet.
Made 3 culverts, 22 feet long by 6 feet wide.
Main Trunk Road, between Chase River and Ladysmith.
Forest cleared,     6,000 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,400    ,.    10
Graded 5,400    „    10
Ditched 5,400    n    both sides.
Excavated earth 3,400 square feet.
Filled in 3,400 feet.
Made 6 culverts, 18 feet long, 3 feet wide, 10 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 South Victoria District. E 17
Ladysmith to Russell's Crossing.
This new road is 1\ miles long. Constructed to supply the needs of the settlers. The
old road has been abandoned on account of heavy grades. The bridges became old
and dangerous.    This road now forms part of the Main Trunk Road.
Forest cleared
12,477 feet,
35 feet wide.
Grubbed
11,784
II
20
Graded
11,884
II
20
Excavated earth
1,052
||
16         ii         averaging 8 feet deep.
Excavated hardpa
a 1,050
M
10 feet high,         ,,        8 feet wide.
Filled in
1,504
II
20        „                „        5
Side-hill cut
1,500
n
12         „                „       18
Cribbed
240
II
12
Thorough cut
400
II
20
Ditched
2,345
11
both sides, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled
1,590
i,
7 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Made 17 culverts, 20 feet long, 5 feet wide, 2-| feet deep.
Russell's Crossing to Chemainus.
A continuation of the main road to the boundary line of the district.
Gravelled 800 feet, 7 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Made general repairs to 2 miles of road.
Keen's Road at Waterloo.
Filled in holes and ditched sides of road.
Main Trunk Road at Brenton's.
Gravelled 7,900 feet, 8 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Ditched    4,500    „    on one side.
Cleaned out ditches and made 2 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Main Road, between Chase River and Ladysmith.
Forest cleared 3,000 feet.
Grubbed 3,000    ,.
Ditched 6,060    n    on both sides.
Filled in 180    „    20 feet wide, 12 feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, 15 feet by 3 feet by 10 inches high.
Thomas's Road.
Branches off the main road at head of Oyster Bay and accommodates several settlers.
Gravelled 500 feet, 8 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Christie's Road.
Branches off the main road to the farm.
Cleared, grubbed and graded 1,500 feet, 20 feet wide.
Trail, Ladysmith to North Fork of Chemainus River.
Continued Sutton's Trail, built by the Railway Company, for a distance of 5 miles to
north fork of the river. This trail is a great boon to prospectors, and is being
continually used by them. E 18 Public Works Report. 1904
Nanaimo  City  District.
[Outside of the Municipality.]
Victoria Road.
From City limits to Stamp's Road, about 2| miles, being a portion of the trunk road to
Victoria, and is the outlet for all the settlers in Cranberry, Cedar, Bright and Oyster
Districts and the road to Extension and Ladysmith.
Gravelled 8,640 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Put 200 lineal feet of fender logs on stone wall along side-hill to keep teams from driving
over the bank.    Cut out the brush for one mile from the sides of the road, and
cleaned out the ditches along 1^ miles of the road.
Wellington Road.
From City limits to the Millstone Bridge, about 1| miles. This is a portion of the Main
Trunk Road to Wellington, Alberni and Comox, and is the outlet for all the settlers
in North Nanaimo District.
Gravelled 4,995 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made one culvert with lumber, 22 feet long, 18 inches wide, 12 inches deep.
Cut out underbrush and timber from sides of the road for three-quarters of a mile.
North   Nanaimo   District.
Wellington Road.
From the limits of South Nanaimo District to Wellington, about 3|- miles, through
timbered country. This is a portion of the main trunk road through North Nanaimo
District to Comox and Alberni, and the traffic on this road is very heavy.
Grubbed and graded 150 feet, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 150 feet on one side.
Made 1 stone culvert, 30 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in the old railway cutting at Wellington with plough and scraper.
Departure Bay Road.
From City limits to Departure Bay, 2t\ miles through timbered country, and for the use
of the settlers of Departure Bay and vicinity.
Cut out brush and timber from along one mile of road.
Wellington and Departure Bay Road.
From Wellington to the bay, 2 miles through timbered country, for the use of the settlers
along line of the road.
Ditched 1,000 feet on one side, and filled holes along line of road.
Northfield and Departure Bay Road.
From Northfield to the bay, about 2 miles through timbered country, for the use of the
settlers and the Hamilton Powder Company.
Ditched 2,000 feet on one side.
Gravelled with ashes 1,500 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 North Nanaimo District. E 19
Manuel, Crew and Planta's Road.
From Departure Bay to Crew's, about 2 miles, through  timbered country, for the use of
the settlers.
Excavated 200 feet, 12 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Repaired 3 culverts and cut out timber and brush along line of road.
Page's Road.
From Crew's Road to Page's place, about 1 mile, through timbered country, and for the
use of Mr. Page and others.
Grubbed 600 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded    600    n    8
Cut out the windfalls and brush.
Robson, Clark and others' Road.
From Wellington and Departure Bay Road to Robson's, about 2 miles, through timbered
country, and for the use of the settlers.
Cut out the windfalls and brush along line of road.
East Wellington Road.
From Wellington Road to East Wellington,  about 1|- miles,  through open country, and
for the use of 14 settlers.
Forest cleared 600 feet, 10 feet wider than old road.
Filled in 650    ,,      3        „ „      fill, 3 feet deep.
Gravelled with ash 1,600     n      8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
No. 3 Shaft Road.
From East Wellington to No. 3 Shaft, about 1 mile, through low, open country and for
the use of the settlers.
Ditched 600 feet, 2^ feet deep, 3 feet wide, to take the water off the road.
Made 1 culvert, 22 feet long, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Kelly and others' Road.
From East Wellington across the flat and up the hill 1 mile through open country, and
for the use of 2 settlers.
Filled 130 feet, 14 feet wide, 4 feet deep, to ease the grade of the hill.
Road through Westwood's Flat.
From East Wellington Road down through the open flat  1,800 feet, for the use of the
settlers, to avoid the hill on the old road.
Graded      900 feet, 14 feet wide, with plough and scraper.
Filled in    700    „     16 ,, 3 feet deep.
Gravelled 900    n       8 n 6 inches deep, with ashes.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long, 3 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Turner, Jones and others' Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Turner's, about 1J miles, through timbered country,
for the settlers.
Cut out brush from sides of the road for 1 mile.
Yates, Hoskins and Vipond's Road.
From Wellington to Yates'place, about 1|-  miles,  through heavy second-growth timber,
and for the use of the settlers.
Excavated 30 feet, 10 feet wide by 2| feet deep.
Filled in    30    ,,     10        „        by 2 „
Brushed out J mile of the road, 6 feet on each side. E 20 Public Works Report. 1904
Old South Wellington Road.
From Wellington to South Wellington, about 2 miles, through open country, for the use
of 12 settlers and the Wellington Coal Company hay farm.
Excavated 30 feet, 6 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Gravelled with ash 800     „    8 „ 5 inches deep.
Pearson and McGarrigle's Road.
From   South  Wellington to   McGarrigle's,   about   2J   miles,   mostly   through   timbered
country, and for the use of 7 settlers.
Ditched 30 feet on one side.
Cut out the brush from each side of the road for 1^ miles.
Purkis' Road.
From Belzano's Road to Purkis' place, about j of a mile.
Gravelled 600 feet, 8 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Pringle, Rutherford and others' Road.
From  Englishman's River Road to the settlers' places,  about 2 miles, mostly through
timbered country, and for the use of 8 settlers.
Ditched    60 feet on one side.
Filled in   60    „   8 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Cut out the brush from each side of this road for 1 mile.
Ricard, Dumont and others' Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Ricard's, about 2 miles, through timbered country, for
the use of 5 settlers.
Cut out the brush from each side of the road for 1 mile.
Wellington and Englishman's River Road.
From Wellington to Englishman's River, about 17 miles, through timbered country. This
is a portion of the main trunk road through North Nanaimo District, and the road
to Alberni and Comox, and is the only outlet for all the settlers in the district, and
there is a great deal of heavy travel on this road.
Forest cleared 2,120 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,028    n    18
Graded and turnpiked 6,028    „    18        n
Ditched 1,160    m    on one side.
Ditched 3,408    m    on both sides
Excavated 225    i,    18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 525    ..    18        „ 4
Filled in 100    n       3 feet wider than old fill, 4 feet deep.
Gravelled 5,330    n       8    n   wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 1,520    „    10    „  wide, 9
Made 4 culverts, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Made 2 large log culverts, 24 feet long, 10 feet wide, 4 feet deep, with cedar logs, and
covered with cedar logs, and put 1 foot of earth and gravel on same.
Cleaning out the slide at sand-hills and filling up holes and ruts along 5 miles of the road
and cutting out the brush.
Cutting out the windfalls and clearing out the slides and rilling the washouts during the
winter and spring months.
French Creek Road.
From Englishman's River to French Creek, 6 miles, through timbered country. This is
the outlet for the settlers at French Creek, Big and Little Qualicum, and a part of
the trunk road to Comox.
Grubbed 1,491 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded and turnpiked 1,491     n    16 „
Gravelled 5,250    n      7        n 4 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 North Nanaimo District. E 21
Took a timber jam out of French Creek, and felled timber and brush to protect the banks
of French Creek from washing away.
Cut out the brush from the sides of the road for 2 miles.
Cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months.
Beaver Creek Wharf Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Beaver Creek Wharf, about 2 miles, through timbered
country, for the use of settlers going to the wharf.
Gravelled 960 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
General repairs made along line of the road in filling up holes and cutting out brush and
windfalls.
North-West Bay Road.
From Wharf Road to North-West  Bay, about 2 miles, through a timbered country, for
use of the settlers at Nanoose and North-West Bay to go to the wharf.
Gravelled 2,478 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months.
Hamilton and Tippet's Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Tippet's, about 2 miles, through timbered country, for
use of the settlers.
Gravelled 1,761 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cut out windfalls during winter and spring months
Wallis' Road.
From Hamilton and Tippet's road to Wallis' place, about 1 mile,  through open country,
for use of the settlers.
Gravelled 308 feet, 7 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Lowry and Craig's Road.
From Comox Road to Craig's, about 1|- miles, through timbered country, and for the use
of the settlers.
Gravelled 1,845 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cut out windfalls during the winter and spring months.
Walker's Road.
From Comox Road to Walker's place, about J mile, through timbered country, for the
use of Mr. Walker and others.
Forest cleared 1,830 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,830    „      8
Levelled off      1,830    „      8
Weigle's Road.
From  Comox   road   to   Weigle   and   others' places,  about  2J miles, through  timbered
country, for the settlers.
Cut out the brush along the line of the road, and cut out the windfalls during the winter
and spring months.
Parksville Cross-Road.
From Comox Road to Alberni Road, about 2 miles, through timbered country, for use of
settlers.
Gravelled 1,330 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months.
Errington Cross-Road.
From Comox Road to Errington, on the Alberni road, about 3 miles, through  partly
timbered country, for use of settlers.
Making general repairs along the line of  the road in  filling up  holes with  gravel and
cutting out brush. E 22 Public Works Report. 1904
Morrison's Road.
From Alberni Road to Morrison's and others, about 3^ miles, through swampy, timbered
country, for the use of 10 settlers.
Gravelled 4,503 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Repaired 2 culverts, and cut out timber and brush from 1|- miles of the road.
Cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months.
McKibbon's Road.
From Morrison's Road to McKibbon's place, about 1 mile, through timbered country, for
the use of Mr. McKibbon.
Grubbed 930 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded 1,860    i>    8 n
Gravelled        222    „    7 n 12 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Fisher's Road.
From  Morrison's Road to  Fisher's, 1 mile,  through timbered  country, for Mr. Fisher's
use.
Repaired 1 mile of road by filling up ruts and levelling off the old road-bed.
Gravelled 171 feet, 7 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
Dudley's Road.
From Marshall's Road to Dudley's, about J of a mile, through timbered country, and for
Dudley's use.
Forest cleared 1,716 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,716    „      8
Levelled off     1,716    „      8
Bradley's Road.
From  Morrison's Road   to  Bradley's,   through   timbered  country,  about \ of a mile, for
Bradley's use.
Gravelled 276 feet, 7 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
Comox Trunk Road (North Nanaimo District).
From French Creek to Big Qualicum, 12 miles, through timbered country. This is the
trunk road to Comox and the outlet for the settlers from French Creek to the Big
Qualicum.
Gravelled 6,800 feet, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cut out the windfalls and brush from 10 miles of road.
Cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months, and filled in washout with
gravel at Little Qualicum, cut out by the winter's freshets.
Parksville and Alberni Trunk Road (North Nanaimo District).
From Englishman's River Road at Craig's place to the head of Cameron Lake, 22 miles,
through timbered country, and 5 miles around Cameron Lake ; has been mostly cut
out of the rock. This is a portion of the trunk road to Alberni and is the mail
route, as the stage makes two round trips per week. It is also the outlet for the
settlers along the first 9 miles of the road.
Forest cleared       144 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 144    „    14
Graded 144    „     14
Gravelled 12,719    n      7 n 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Removed slides around Cameron Lake and cut out brush and filled in holes along 8 miles
of the road.
Cut out the windfalls and cleared' out the slides during the winter and spring months. 4 Ed. 7 Comox District. E 28
Comox District.
Road from Cumberland to Roy's (4 miles long).
Connects Cumberland and Union Mines with the Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road at Roy's
farm, on the south side of Comox Bay. Is the main road from Cumberland to
Union Bay and there is a great amount of light traffic over it. Road runs through
heavily timbered land ; not many settlers.
Cleared out road and kept the same clear of fallen timber.
Cut brush off both sides of the road for 7,920 feet.
Filled in 600 feet, 13 feet by 1 foot.
Road to Lots 14 and 34, Nelson District.
This is a new branch road from the above, connecting Lot 14, on south side; length,
2,772 feet; gives access to three farming claims. The line of this road was very
hard to clear, being full of fallen spruce and hemlock trees; about 1,320 feet runs
through low, wet land.
Cleared, grubbed and graded 2,772 feet, 14 feet wide.
Ditched 1,652    „
Made 4 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Corduroyed 240 feet, 14 feet wide.
Filled in 60    i.    14
Road to Knob Hill and Jack Hardy's.
Commences at Comox Wharf and runs easterly for about 3| miles; crosses Brooklyn
Bridge; land all taken up, and about 40 settlers ; ground is a sandy loam, with
heavy timber.
Cut brush on both sides of the road, removed fallen timber and repaired culverts.
Point Holmes Road (from Bechensell's to Miller's).
This road commences at Bechensell's farm, on the Comox Main Road, 3 miles north from
Comox Wharf, and runs through a heavily timbered country to J. J. R. Miller's
farm, near Little River; is used entirely by farmers. The land is all taken up and
being improved. A great deal of traffic now over this road. Repairs were made
near the junction of the road to Williams' and continued to near Miller's line.
Cleared and graded 4,470 feet.
Ditched 4,620    n     3 feet wide.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet by 3 feet by 1J feet.
Hauled 210 loads of gravel.
Blew out and cut down many large fir trees and stumps.
Road to Williams', Knight's and Donohue's.
This is a branch of the Point Holmes Road and is about 2 miles long ; used by farmers;
traffic is considerable.
Cut out fallen timber, repaired culverts and filled in and gravelled the wet places.
Ryan's Road (| mile long).
This is another branch road from the Point Holmes Road and gives an outlet to the Ryan
Bros', farm.
Hauled 21 loads of gravel and cut out the brush from the sides of the road.
Lake Trail (length, 3 miles).
Commences at Courtenay and runs in a south-westerly direction to Morrison's ranche,
through heavily timbered and wet land; is used by farmers; traffic considerable.
At one time this road continued on to Comox Lake. E 24 Public Works Report. 1904
Ditched 3,000 feet,    2 feet wide.
Graded   2,700    „    15
Hauled 51 loads of gravel.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 1 foot by 1J feet.
Road from Cumberland to Courtenay (6 miles long).
Commences at Government Offices, Cumberland. This is the main road from Courtenay
and the Comox Valley to the town of Cumberland and Union Mines. The traffic on
this road is very heavy. The road rises 500 feet from Courtenay through a timbered
country.
Made repairs over the whole length of the road and cut out windfalls.
Hauled 996 loads of gravel.
Made 3 new culverts,    18 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
„     1 ii 20      ii       4      ii       4    „
Road from Cumberland to Japtown (length, 1J miles.)
Commences at the boundary of the City of Cumberland and traverses the old main street
of Union past the depot of the Wellington Colliery Company to Chinatown and
Japtown. Dwelling houses extend on both sides of the road; the traffic over it is
heavy.
Ditched 300 feet, 1J feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Hauled   307 loads of gravel and made general repairs, removing stones, etc.
If this road was continued for about 2 miles it would give access to Comox Lake.
McQuillan and Cowie Road (length, J a mile).
This road is about 3 miles from Courtenay and commences at Rees' south-east corner and
runs on the line between Rees and McQuillan, through wet, heavily timbered land,
to John Cowie's; used by Cowie.
Hauled  133 loads of gravel, cleaned out ditches and raised several low places.
Tom Wood's Road (1 mile long).
This road is 7 miles north from Courtenay and branches off the Upper Prairie Main Road
and gives an outlet to Wood's farm.
Made general repairs, repaired culverts and hauled gravel.
Road to E. Creech's from Bridges' (5 miles long).
This is a continuation of the Lower Prairie Road and runs through a rough and wet
country. From Bridges' to Watson's the land is occupied and farmed, but for 3
miles beyond there are no settlers until reaching Creech's.
Removed 378 feet of old corduroy and filled in with earth and gravel, ditching both sides.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 1^ feet by 1-J- feet.
Cut brush off the sides of the road and made general repairs.
Road from Duncan's to Salmond's (8 miles long).
This road runs from the P. O. at Sandwick to Salmon's farm, northerly through Comox
Valley, on the Upper Prairie. It is settled and there are good farms all along the
route, and it is the main road to Comox and Cumberland.    The traffic is heavy.
Hauled 498 loads of gravel.
Cleaned out the ditches and made general repairs.
Road to Oyster River and Willow Point (12 miles).
This road is a continuation of the Upper Prairie Main Road, commencing at Salmond's
farm and running north-west to the coast of Oyster Bay ; crossing Black Creek and
Oyster River through a heavily timbered countr}'. The traffic on this road is considerable and increasing every year. Number of settlers about 30. Road should be
extended to Campbell River, about 8 miles further. 4 Ed. 7 Comox District. E 25
Forest cleared 1,050 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded 2,895    „    14
Ditched 1,863
Corduroyed 138
Filled in 21
Gravelled 5,770
2 feet by 2 feet.
14 feet wide
12 feet by 2 feet.
6 inches deep.
Made 13 culverts, 14 feet by 3| feet by 1 \ feet.
Cleared out fallen timber after winter storms.
Henry McQuillan's Road (f mile long).
This road runs from the main road at  Rees', on the Tsolum River,  to Hy. McQuillan's
farm, giving an outlet to several farms.
Hauled 135 loads of gravel.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 2 feet by \\ feet.
Cleaned out the ditches.
Smith and Ledingham's Road (about 1^- miles long).
This road branches off the Upper Prairie Main Road at the school-house, Grantham, and
gives an outlet to 5 farms ; crosses Portugee Creek ; land is all taken up and farmed ;
country heavily timbered and wet along line of road.
Hauled 186 loads of gravel.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Ditched 730 feet, 2 feet by \\ feet.
This road is now connected with the Lower Prairie Road by the new cross road at J. P.
Watson's.
Road from Milligan's to Parkin's (1 mile from Courtenay; 2 miles long).
This road gives an outlet to all the farms on the south side of the Tsolum River, which
it crosses on a truss bridge at Ress'. The land is all taken up, cleared and good
farms along the route.    The traffic is considerable.
Hauled 239 loads of gravel.
Ditched 420 feet, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Road from Parkin's to Fred. Burns' (length, about 3 miles).
Commences at Parkin's farm, 3 miles west of Courtenay ;   traverses heavily timbered
country, wet in places ; used by settlers.
Hauled gravel and filled up worst places, cut out fallen timber and made general repairs.
Lower Prairie Road (about 3 miles long).
From Sandwick Post Office to cross-road at Chas. Bridges'; road runs through a level
country ; good farms all along the road ; traffic is heavy.
Hauled 304 loads of gravel.
Cleaned out ditches and made general repairs.
Road to Lever's Ranch (§ mile long).
This is a branch road from the Upper Prairie Main Road at Grantham Post Office to
Mrs. Lever's ranch.
Hauled gravel and made general repairs.
Back Road from Sandwick to Comox (3 miles long).
From the English Church at Sandwick to Section 3, on the Comox Main Road to the
Wharf; road is entirely settled throughout; traffic considerable.
Hauled 482 loads of gravel.
Made 5 culverts, 15 feet by 2 feet by \\ feet,
Ditched 1,200 feet, 2 feet deep.
Graded 1,020 feet 14 feet wide. E 26 Public Works Report. 1904
Road to Harvey's and Minto School (-| mile long).
The road to N. Harvey's is a branch from the Harrigan and Fraser Road, and it has now
been extended past Harvey's place to the new school-house at Minto, on the line
between Harvey and Harrigan, giving access to the school. The land is heavily
timbered.
Forest cleared 1,350 feet, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 1,350    n     12 „
Changed the road on to the line of Lot 17 at Harvey's N. W. corner and made general
repairs.
Harrigan and Fraser Road.
Commences at a point on the Cumberland and Courtenay Road 2 miles from Cumberland,
and runs through to Comox Bay at John Piercy's; length 3 miles; about 40 settlers
and traffic considerable.
Repaired corduroys.
Hauled 137 loads of gravel.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1J feet.
Alex. Cowie's Road (1 mile long).
Branches off the Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road at Fanny Bay and gives access to the
Cowie farms.    The road runs through very wet, low alder land.
Corduroyed 150 feet, 10 feet wide.
Cribbed        390    „     10
Gravelled     360    ,,       8 „
John McDonald's Road (J mile long; 2 miles from Comox).
This is a branch road from the back road at Lot  144, giving an outlet to McDonald's
farm.
Cleared and graded 1,518 feet, 14 feet wide.
Road from Courtenay to Roy's (3J miles long).
This road is on the south side of Comox Bay and connects Courtenay with the trunk road
to Nanaimo at Roy's. Several farms along the route; the country is heavily timbered
and very rocky.
Straightened out the old trail, blew out stumps and rocks and widened the road.
Cleared   5,400 feet, 12 feet on each side.
Graded    4,235     n     14 feet wide.
Ditched  4,839    n       2
Made 8 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Filled in 60 feet, 14 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Smith's Cross-Road (near Grantham ; 1^ miles long).
This road connects the Upper and Lower Prairie roads at Smith's, and gives the children
on Lower Prairie access to Grantham School. Road runs through wet and heavily
timbered land.    The land is all taken up and settled.
Cleared   2,640 feet, 28 feet wide.
Graded    1,584    „    15
Ditched   1,020    „      3 feet deep.
Made 2 culverts, 15 feet by 2 feet by 1J feet.
Salmon River Road (3| miles long).
This is a new road constructed on the west side of Salmon River from the proposed site
of the wharf at the mouth of the river to a point opposite Wm. Waugh's farm. The
country is level, with the exception of the first half-mile from the beach, where the
road has to cross a rocky ridge. It is heavily timbered, with numerous small creeks;
about 1,500 feet was covered with bad windfalls. The road is used by the ranchers
along the river. 4 Ed. 7 Comox District. E 27
Forest cleared 19,200 feet, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 9,300    „     12        „
Graded 9,300    „    12
Ditched 75    „      2 „
Made 2 culverts, 15 feet by 4 feet by 2-|- feet.
It is intended to continue the road from Waugh's, on the east side of the river, to the
upper settlers.
Cortez Island.
Connected the new wharf at Whaleton with the road at the post office.
Cleared 1,500 feet, 14 feet wide.
Graded 1,500    „    14
Read Island.
Cut out fallen timber on road to wharf.
Road from Heriot Bay to Gowland Harbour, Valdez Island (length, about 1J miles).
Gives access to logging camps on Vancouver Island to reach the store and post office at
Heriot Bay, also to settlers on Gowland Harbour. Mr. Bull, Postmaster at Heriot
Bay, contributed $100 towards making this road.    Heavily timbered, rolling country.
Forest cleared 5,880 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 9,060    „     12
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Main Road from Cape Mudge to Heriot Bay, Valdez Island (length, about 9 miles).
Used by settlers; runs through heavily timbered, wet land.      There is a post office and
store at Heriot Bay, also Government wharf.
Made repairs from Drew Harbour to School-house,  also on  Cape Mudge section, by
widening the old trail, blasting out stumps, etc.
Made 2 culverts, 4 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Harding's Road, Valdez Island (about 1 mile long).
Runs from Harding's, on Gowland Harbour, to join the main road near the School-house.
Cut out brush and logs and made trail passable for children going to school.
Quathiaski Cove Road, Valdez Island.
Commences at the Government wharf at the Cove and connects with the main road ; is
about 1 mile long.    Used by settlers to the store and post office.
Gravelled 300 feet, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Cribbed       99     n       6 feet high, with cedar logs, and filled in.
Ditched     150    „      2 feet deep.
Lund.
Road from Government wharf at Lund to Oakover Point, on Malaspina Inlet, 3 miles
long.    Runs through a difficult country, over steep, rocky hills, heavily timbered.
The road is used by loggers and prospectors going from the Inlet to Lund, where
there is a wharf and post office.
Forest cleared 4,500 feet, 20 feet wide, from the summit of the hill overlooking Malaspina
Inlet, towards the beach.    The road was difficult to locate and covered with dense
underbrush.
Hornby Island.
Repaired the road leading to Goose Split wharf by cutting out brush and trees overhanging the road ; also ditching and hauling gravel.
Repaired the road leading to Ford's wharf, by ditching and gravelling.
Cut out trees from roads during the winter. E 28 Public Works Report. 1904
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road.
From the south side of Comox Harbour at Roy's to Big Qualicum, the south boundary of
Comox District; is 24 miles long and is the main road from Comox to Nanaimo.
The upper section, from Roy's to Union Bay, is 6 miles long. Crossing the Trent River
by a truss bridge, the road follows the coast line to Union Bay through heavily
timbered land. There is a great deal of traffic now over this section. Repairs were
made to the road about 3| miles south of Roy's.
Forest cleared 1,500 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,320    n    16        n
Graded 1,320    „    16
Ditched 1,050    n      3
Hauled 428 loads of gravel.
Made 6 culverts, 15 feet by 3 feet by 1J feet.
The lower section, from Union Bay to Big Qualicum River, is 18 miles long. The road
runs for the most part through a heavily timbered country, following the shore line.
There are several steep grades on this section, viz., on the south side of the Tsable
River and on the north side of Rosewall River, and a long grade on sandy soil from
the south end of Deep Bay to the summit of the hill above Thames. It crosses the
Tsable River, Coal Creek, Cougar Creek, Waterloo Creek, Rosewall River and Thames
Creek by truss bridges. Few settlers live along the road, except at Fanny Bay.
The traffic is considerable and increasing every year.
Made repairs about one-half mile south from Union wharf; also near Tsable River and at
Fanny Bay.
Graded     4,920 feet, 16 feet wide.
Ditched    3,150    ,,      2    „   deep.
Gravelled 2,118    „      8    „   wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 8 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
"Westminster   District.
Richmond Riding.
Squamish Valley Road.
This road begins at the deep-water wharf and extends up the valley a distance of about
23 miles, and throughout its course follows the centre of the valley. There are about
32 settlers, which includes 10 families. The soil is mostly rich and covered with
timber, except about one thousand acres lying at the mouth of the valley, which is
chiefly open prairie. There are considerable quantities of hops raised in the valley,
the quality being of the best placed on the London market. The other products are
hay, potatoes, oats, butter, eggs, vegetables, pork, poultry and fruits of different
kinds. First-class beef cattle are also raised. There are large bodies of the very
best quality of fir, cedar and spruce timber, one large camp being operated. There
has been considerable prospecting done, and several very promising ledges have been
discovered of gold, silver and copper-bearing quartz.
During the months of September and October salmon fishing is extensively carried on off
the mouth of the Squamish River, as many as 80 boats being employed. There is a
hotel, store and postoffice near the wharf, and a tri-weekly steamer service to and
from Vancouver. The amount of produce and supplies hauled annually would
approximate 1,000 tons.
Extended road to end of wharf approach ; distance, 3,960 feet.
Forest cleared, grubbed and logged 890 feet, 40 feet wide. 4 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Richmond Riding). E 29
Ditched 7,240 feet, averaging 10 feet wide by 5 feet deep, and with the material thrown
out formed a road 16 feet wide on top by 4 feet high, both sides of road faced up
with sods to protect it from wash.
Hauled sand and covered surface of road to a width of 12 feet by 10 inches deep.
Cribbed 216 feet, 2 feet 6 inches high.
Made 1 culvert, 72 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
Beyond Madden's Ranch, Upper Squamish Valley.
Extended the road    2,178 feet.
Forest cleared 2,178    „     18 feet wide.
Grubbed and logged 2,178    n     12 it
Graded 2,178    „     12
Also on the same road at the big bend, where the river had washed the old road away.
Forest cleared 1,650 feet, 23 feet wide.
Grubbed and logged 1,650    n    14        ,,
Graded 1,650    „    13
Moodyville and Lynn Creek Road and Trail.
The road portion begins at Moodyville Saw-mill and extends one mile eastward to Lynn
Creek. From this point the trail begins and extends in a northerly and westerly
direction through Seymour Valley to its head, passing over the summit and continuing
through the mountain passes to the Squamish ; total distance, 38 miles. There are
about 20 families resident in and around Moodyville, 3 families above Lynn Creek,
and about the same number towards the upper end of Seymour Valley. Considerable
lumbering is carried on, about 70 or 80 men being employed. There are also a
number of very promising mining properties towards the summit, upon which considerable money has been expended.    Moodyville and Squamish postoffioes.
No work has been done upon this road and trail during the past 12 months.
Rose Hill Road.
West of Westminster City boundary, being part of the North Arm Trunk Road, which
extends to Eburne, and running parallel with the North Arm of the Fraser River;
distance under Government supervision, 1 mile. About 20 settlers live along the
Rose Hill portion of the road. The traffic on this road is very heavy, consisting of
cordwood, shingle bolts and farm produce. Land all subdivided into small lots,
producing small fruits. Postoffice, Westminster. Tonnage annually hauled over
road, about 3,000 tons.
No work done upon this road during the past 12 months.
Dundas Street Road,  Hastings Townsite (distance, approximately, § mile).
Extending from the easterly boundary of Hastings Townsite, running east to the
Hastings Racecourse. No lumbering, farming or mining in the vicinity. About 10
families are benefited by this road and sidewalk.
Forest cleared and grubbed, 4,625 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 4,625    ,i 6 „
Laid 4,625    „    of sidewalk, 3 ,,
Gravelled 70    „ 12 u 6 inches deep.
Reformatory Road (distance, approximately, | of mile).
Extending from the western boundary of Vancouver City along the shore of English Bay
to the above Institution.
Forest cleared                                 660 feet,
8 feet wide.
Graded                                          3,960    „
12
Cleaned and deepened                   264    ,,
of ditch, 2 feet by 2   feet.
3,960    „
m          2      n      1-^    ii
Filled in with brush and earth     156    n
by 16 feet, 4 feet deep.
Gravelled                                         220    „
12 feet wide,   9 inches deep
3,960    ii
12        „        12 E 30 Public Works Report. 1904
Westminster and Vancouver Trunk Road, Lot 301 (distance under Government supervision, 1 mile).
This road extends between the two cities a distance of about 11 miles, and is all within
municipal limits, except that part through the above-named lot. Nearly all the
land on either side of the road has been subdivided into small holdings, ranging from
half an acre to 6 acres, many of them being settled upon. Number of residents,
about 450. Post-office, school and store. The traffic over this road is unusually
heavy, and does not fall short of 6,000 tons during the year.
Cleaned out 3,960 feet of ditches.
Corduroyed                   136
,i                         14 feet
wide.
Put in crossing               66
3
,i
Laid                               396
ii    of sidewalk, 3
ii
Filled in with earth     198
6
n
4 feet deep.
Constructed                   924
ii    of handrail.
Macadamised             1,650
12
n
6 inches deep
Made 1 culvert, 24 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
Hastings-Barnet Road (Construction).
This road commences at a point where the Hastings Street Road leading from Vancouver
intersects the Hastings and Westminster old road in Hastings Townsite, continuing
in an easterly direction to Barnet Mills, where it connects with the Port Moody and
Barnet Road. Total distance, 5.2 miles. This road passes through timber land its
entire length. There are several lumbering, shingle holt and cordwood camps
operating along its line. The aggregate number of men employed would be about
200. At Barnet there are about 150 men employed in and about the mill. No
farming. Post-office and school at Barnet village, on the south shore of Burrard
Inlet, and on the line of the C. P. R. Approximate tonnage hauled, 1,000 tons,
mostly cordwood and shingle bolts.
Forest cleared
696 feet,
25 feet wide.
Grubbed
5,056    m
20        n
Graded
3,234    „
20
Ditched
6,204    m
2        ii           2 feet deep.
Corduroyed
66    ,i
20
Cribbed
51    n
8 feet high.
Made 5 culverts     20 feet
by 3 feet by 2 feet.
ii     4       ii
20
2       ii       2     i,
„      1
24
6      ii       6    ii
Boundary Road (between Hastings Townsite and Burnaby Municipality).
This road extends in a southerly direction from the Westminster and Hastings old road,
and intersects with the Westminster and Vancouver Trunk Road ; distance, about 3
miles. About 25 settlers use this road, it being their only way of outlet. The land
is all subdivided into small holdings, the residents being mostly engaged in market
gardening and cultivation of small fruit. Post-office at Central Park and Cedar
Cove. Amount of tonnage annually hauled over road, 200 tons—produce, cordwood
and shingle bolts.
No work done upon this road during the past 12 months.
Bowen Island Road.
This road begins at the wharf and runs back inland about J mile, where it branches off,
one branch going north-westerly about 2J miles, the other westerly about 2 miles.
There are several quartz mines on the Island upon which considerable money has
been expended ; also several shingle bolt camps, mostly employing Japs. Post office,
school and two summer hotels.
Forest cleared and brushed both sides of road 1,500 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed       2,600 feet, 12 feet wide.
Ditched        1,900    „      2        „ 30 inches deep.
Gravelled 600    n    10        n 8 ,    12
,
2        ,
,        30
inches deep.
,    10
4
m      thick.
,    12        ,
12
n      deep.
,      9
8
i,         ,,
6
30
ii         ii
4 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Richmond Riding). E 31
Graded 2,000 feet, 12 feet wide.
Corduroyed     200    „    10        „ 4 inches thick.
Made 2 culverts, 10 feet by 4 feet by 30 inches.
Gibson's Landing, Sechelt and East Road (approximate distance, 10 miles—Elphingstone
Settlement, Howe Sound).
The country in general throughout this settlement is very broken and uneven. It has all
at one time been covered with immense-sized fir and cedar timber, but fires have
destroyed large tracts. There are still, however, very extensive areas which have
escaped the fires. The soil is generally light and in places poor and rocky, while in
other parts it is good and produces very fair crops. There are about 20 settlers,
mostly married. Very little produce is shipped. There is a school, post office, hotel,
store, saw-mill, shingle mill, and oil and glue factory.
Grubbed 1,800 feet,   4 feet wide.
Graded 1,500
Ditched 1,500
Corduroyed 400
Filled in with earth   500
Gravelled 300
Made 4 culverts, 16
Road on the line of 21st Avenue, Lot 301  (distance, 2,840 feet.)
This road extends at right angles between the North Arm and Cemetery and Westminster Avenue roads, and when completed will connect with both. There are about 15
families living along the road, which it benefits.   No work done during the past year.
Westminster Avenue Road, Lot 301  (distance, J mile, under Government supervision).
This road begins at the south boundary of Vancouver City, Mount Pleasant, and runs
due south through Lot 301 and connects with a road through South Vancouver
Municipality which extends south to the Fraser River. About 50 families live
adjacent to and use the road.    Amount of tonnage annually hauled, about 900 tons.
Spread 50 cubic yards of broken rock, 12 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches.
Vancouver Cemetery and North Arm Road, Lot 301  (distance, J mile).
Extends from the Junction Hotel south to the North Arm of the Fraser River. This
road is very much travelled and is very difficult to keep in proper repair. About
200 vehicles of different kinds passing over it daily. About 80 families live adjacent
to and use the road daily. Amount of tonnage annually hauled will approximate
3,000 tons.
Spread 80 cubic yards of broken rock, 14 feet wide by 8 inches deep.
Cleared out culverts and tail drains.
Squamish Valley and Pemberton Trail (distance, 5If miles).
This trail branches from the Squamish Trunk Road, 8 miles up the valley, following closely
the course of the Cheakimus River north and north-easterly to the Canyon Bridge,
34 miles from the Squamish ; it then follows an easterly course along the north shore
of Alta and Green Lakes to the foot of the latter; crosses Green River, following its
north bank to 8-Mile Creek, which it crosses, and thence follows an easterly and
north-easterly course to Pemberton Meadows. The valley extends from the head of
Lillooet Lake back into the mountains, a distance of about 30 miles, the Lillooet
River flowing through its centre the entire length. The average width of the valley
is less than one mile. The area fit for grazing and agricultural purposes is about
35,000 acres. The soil is very rich and productive and the climate very fine, but
owing to its isolated position it has made very little progress. There are now about
13 settlers, most of whom own a few head of stock and raise some oats and vegetables,
but no cultivation to any extent is done. There is a post office, and mail is received
and dispatched via Lillooet Village once a fortnight. E 32 Public Works Report. 1904
Brushed and logged |- of a mile of road, 12 feet wide.
Blasted and removed rock for 880 feet along first rock slide, and graded road 8 feet wide.
Blasted and removed rock and graded road 666 feet, 12 feet wide.
Cribbed 60 feet, 6 feet high.
Brushed and logged 5,280 feet, 10 feet wide.
Graded 5,280 feet, 8 feet wide.
Rock blasted and graded 2,060 feet, 6 feet wide.
Rock removed and trail repaired 3,220 feet.
Brushed and logged 26,400 feet, 12 feet wide.
Roots and stumps close-cut 26,400 feet, 6 feet wide.
Blasted and removed rock for 10,560 feet, where necessary; filled in holes and hollows
with broken rock and earth and formed a. passable trail 6 feet wide.
Did some heavy blasting along face of rock bluffs for 5,280 feet; built up about 2,000
feet of trail with loose rock and covered with moss and what earth was obtainable ;
made temporary cut-off from the above new trail to connect with the old trail at Bear
Creek, near Lookout Mountain.    The distance would be, approximately, 1 mile.
Delta Riding.
New River Road.
This road extends in a westerly direction from McLennan's Landing, on the Fraser
River, to Langley Village, along the south bank of the Fraser River, a distance of
6^ miles, and passes through a good agricultural and grazing locality. There are
about 40 settlers who use this road regularly. Post office at McLennan's Landing.
It is not a mail route. The amount of freight hauled is comparatively light, nearly
all the produce being shipped by river steamers. Stock, hay, grain and dairy
produce are raised.    There are no mines, lumber camps or saw-mills.
No work done on this road this year.
Hazlemere and Matsqui Road (also known as the Biggar Prairie Road, Langley Municipality ;
distance about 2 miles).
This road extends from the Glenwood Road easterly through Biggar Prairie, 1 mile south
from the Yale Road. About 6 families are benefited by it. Farms are all bush land
of good quality, but hard to clear.    School and post office.
Grubbed 5,280 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 5,280    „     12
Corduroyed 1,000    „     12
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Cut down several hills.
Covered 1,000 feet of corduroy with gravel.
Shortreed and River Road (distance, about 6 miles.)
This road starts from Shortreed, on the Yale Road, and extends south to the Fraser.
Along its length are several farms. On the high lands the soil is mostly light loam,
heavily timbered. On the low land next the river the soil is rich clay land, partly
prairie, covered with willow and crab apple, and is subject to overflow. Post office
and school.
Forest cleared 1,450 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded 1,100    ,,     15
Ditched 1,100    „    18
Filled in 120    „    15        „ 17 feet deep.
Campbell River Road, Surrey Municipality (distance, about 2 miles).
This road starts from the Hazlemere and Glenwood Road, about 3 miles east of the former
place, and runs in a south and easterly direction and is the outlet for 6 or 7 families,
comprising the Annand Settlement. There is some very good land in this locality,
but the clearing is heavy.    School and post office at Glenwood. 4 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Delta Riding). E 33
Forest cleared      600 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed               600    ,
20
II
Graded                 600    ,
16
II
Ditched                400    ,
Cribbed                220    ,
,    12
II
Excavated earth 174    ,
18
11
6 feet deep.
Filled in               300    ,
,    12
It
9
Gravelled             500    ,
6
II
6 inches deep
Made 1 culvert,     12     ,
6
11
McLennan Road.
Commencing at its intersection with the Kirkland and Semiahmoo roads, Mud Bay, and
extending eastward through Surrey Centre, Boothroyd's Corners, and Cloverdale to
Murchison's Corners, at Langley, where it connects with the Yale Trunk Road ;
distance, about 7 miles. It passes through a good agricultural district with well
cultivated and stocked farms, numbering about 60 families. Post offices at Surrey-
Centre and Cloverdale. Two saw-mills are in operation at Cloverdale, giving
employment to about 40 men.
Graded      1,200 feet, 22 feet wide.
Gravelled 5,280    n      4 to 10 feet wide, 6 to 12 inches deep.
Jackman and River Road.
This road extends from Jackman's Corners, on the Yale Road, and runs north to McLennan's Landing, on the Fraser River, opposite Wharnock Station, on the C. P. R. ;
distance, about 7 miles. It passes through a tract of good agricultural land, undulating and covered, for the most part, with light second-growth timber. There are
about 18 settlers, many of them having considerable clearings, with orchards. Produce consists of potatoes, hay, oats, butter, eggs, poultry, sheep and other stock.
Post office at Jackman's Corners. No mining or lumbering. The amount of freight
hauled over this road annually approximates 200 tons.
No work done on this road this year.
Townline Road, South.
Intersecting the Yale Road at Murray's Corners and running south to the Glenwood and
Hall's Prairie Roads; distance 4 miles. Post office at Murray's Corners. About 14
settlers. Land good in quality, but most of it heavily timbered. Some very considerable clearings and improvements made. Produce hauled over the road is
limited, and consists mostly of butter, eggs, poultry, fruit, etc. No lumbering or
other industries.
No work done on this road this year.
Townline Road through Surrey and Langley.
Commencing at the 4-mile post on the Yale Road and extending in an easterly direction
to Langley village, and passing through Tynehead and Port Kells, a distance of 10
miles. About 50 settlers use this road regularly throughout its length. There are
three post offices, viz. : Tynehead, Port Kells and Langley. The farming is somewhat
mixed, the principal industries being stock-raising and dairying. Amount hauled
annually, approximatelv 700 tons.
Ditched       5,400 feet by 2-f feet by 2 feet.
Gravelled    1,620    ,,
Corduroyed    462    n    10 feet wide.
Brushed       2,640    ,i    on each side of road beyond ditches, 10 feet wide.
The material taken from the ditches was used for covering corduroy.
Yale Road (from Brownsville to Shortreed's; distance, approximately, 20 miles).
This road is very much travelled, a large amount of freight being hauled over it annually.
On both sides of the road, extending some miles north and south, it is settled, there
being at least 260 families. There are 5 post offices. Produce raised comprises
cattle, sheep, poultry, fruit, butter, eggs, etc. E 34 Public Works Report. 1904
Forest cleared 7,080 feet, 20 feet wide.
Blew out 25 large stumps.
Graded 7,920 feet.
Ditched 2,100    .,    3 feet by 2 feet.
Gravelled and repaired 80,000    n
Made 6 culverts, each 6 feet long.
Delta Trunk Road.
This is a branch of the Yale Trunk Road, extending from Ladner's Landing and intersecting with the Scott and Kirkland Roads; distance, 9 miles. This road passes
through one of the richest and most highly cultivated districts in the Province. At
Ladner's Landing there is a saw-mill and about 10 canneries, giving employment to
about 1,000 people. Post office, hotel and several stores. There is also a creamery.
The amount of produce hauled over the road annually must be fully 10,000 tons.
No work done.
Hall's Prairie Road (distance, about 8 miles).
Branching off from the Yale Road about 1 mile east of the Serpentine Flats and running
south through Cloverdale, Hazelmere and Hall's Prairie to Blaine. This road is the
outlet for a very prosperous farming community, about 80 or 90 families using it to
haul their produce to market. The annual amount of tonnage cannot be less than
10,000 tons. There are 3 post offices, 3 schools, 2 stores, 2 shingle mills and several
logging camps and hotels along its line.
Graded 1,200 feet, 20 feet wide.
Cleaned out 9,000    ,,    of ditches.
Gravelled and repaired generally 12,000 feet. Repairs consisted of grading, blowing out
stumps, rocks, roots, etc., and opening up tail drains.
Scott Road.
Extending from South Westminster Ferry southerly for a distance of 7 miles and intersecting with the Kirkland and Delta Trunk Road, being the dividing boundary line
between Surrey and Delta Municipalities. About 25 settlers are located on this
road.    Tonnage hauled annually, about 900 tons.
Ditched        810 feet, 1J feet deep.
Gravelled  1,629    „    7 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches deep.
Dewdney Riding.
Mission Townsite Roads.
Comprising all the street allowances within the townsite and which come directly under
the control of the Government. The total approximate length opened is about 4
miles. The number of residents in and around this place, who make it their shipping
and trading place, would be at least 300. The district for several miles around is
entirely agricultural, the products being sheep, cattle, poultry, pigs, grain, hay, apples
and many varieties of small fruits. Of the latter two products there is a much larger
shipment than from any other point in the Province. They have also a creamery
and condensed milk factory, giving employment to about 40 persons. The C. P. R.
passes through the place, and they have a daily steamboat service to and from New
Westminster.    Post office and stores.
Repaired plank roads on Horne Avenue to Washington Street.
Filled in on both sides, and filled bad hole near the old Mission with gravel.
Took down plank street on Horne Avenue which was built 4 feet from the ground, and
re-built it flat on the ground ; also built 2 approaches from side streets.
Cut down hill between hotel and bakery, and another hill on Downie Street, and hauled
and spread this material on Railway Street.
Filled in holes and repaired the roads generally throughout the Townsite. Graded
210 feet
Ditched
399    ,.
ii
330    ,,
Cribbed
66    „
m
210    „
Excavated
30    „
Filled in
66    „
11
399    i,
4 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Dewdney Riding). E 35
McDonald Road, North Lillooet (Maple Ridge Municipality).
This road, from its intersection with the Lillooet River Road, runs due north about 2
miles and gives an outlet to about 5 or 6 settlers. The land is low and marshy
prairie of good quality, and will become very productive when proper drainage has
been obtained. There is very little being hauled over the road, it being merely a
means whereby the settlers can get to and from their places. Post offices at Hammond
and Haney.
9 feet wide.
8        ii        3 feet deep.
4        „ 21      i,
3 feet high.
2
10 feet wide, 2 feet deep
10        i, 3
12        ,i 3        ii
Raised surface of road for a distance of 792 feet; hauled and laid 20 loads of brush for
foundation of road.
Hatzic Prairie Road.
This road begins 2|- miles south from Stave Lake, passing southerly and westerly through
the upper and lower Hatzic Valley, part of Mission Municipality, and terminating
at Mission City; distance, about 14 miles. There are about 40 settlers who regularly use the road, in whole or part, to reach the Mission, which is their trading-
place. The country is all more or less timbered, except the Hatzic Prairie, which is
open prairie of the richest quality, but is subject to overflow. Stock-raising, dairying and fruit growing constitute the principal industries. There are several lumber
camps along the shores of Stave Lake, which give employment to 70 or 80 men.
Post office at Hatzic Prairie. About 1,000 tons of freight hauled over the road
annually.
Work done consisted of clearing road of drift-wood.
Port Moody and Westminster Trunk Road and Roads within Port Moody Townsite.
The Trunk road is the main highway between Westminster and Port Moody, passing
through Sapperton and Burnaby and Coquitlam Municipalities. Only one and a half
miles of this road, which is within the Port Moody Townsite, is maintained by the
Government. Total length of roads within Port Moody Townsite, outside of Trunk
road above mentioned, 5 miles.
Forest cleared 10,469 feet, 8 feet to 15 feet wide.
6      „       25
6      „       25
21 feet wide.
2        ii 18 inches deep.
20
12
Made 2 culverts, 30 feet by 3 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
ii     2        „       20 4        M 3 m
ii     8        ii 3    ii 3        ii
Built new street, 528 feet by 20 feet.
ii    2,650 feet of sidewalks.
Repaired 2 culverts and cleaned out culverts.
Morris Valley Road (distance, 2J miles).
This road commences at the lower end of Morris Creek at Old's ranch, and continues in a
northerly direction for about one mile; passes round Morris Lake and follows in a
north-easterly course to Harrison River, where it terminates. The post office and
store being at Harrison Hot Springs, the remainder of the distance to the above is
done by boat. There are about ten settlers in the valley, four with families. There
is a school, with a very fair average attendance. The land is heavily timbered and
soil very broken and rocky.
Grubbed
2,112
Graded
2,112
ii
660
Ditched
1,400
Filled in
396
Gravelled
2,620 E 36 Public Works Report. 1904
Forest cleared 2,640 feet, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,640    „    15
Graded 7,920    ,,
Excavated earth 1,200    n
ii          rock      225    n
Filled in 1,425    „
Dewdney Trunk Road, Sec. 2.
Extending from the west bank of the Nicomen Slough at Dewdney, crossing the slough
and passing through Nicomen Island to Deroche's Landing, when it again crosses
the slough to North Nicomen, on the Mainland, crossing the C. P. R. and running
parallel with it in a north-westerly direction towards Harrison River. Total distance
slightly exceeds 15 miles, which comprises the Nicomen Slough Road, Nicomen
Island Road and North Nicomen Road, all of which form connecting links of the
Dewdney Trunk Road system. There are about 100 settlers, who largely depend on
this road for the transportation of their produce to the different shipping points.
The soil is nearly all of first quality^, except along the foot-hills through North
Nicomen, where the soil is somewhat lighter; still, good crops are raised there. The
produce throughout this section comprises sheep and cattle, dairying, hay, roots,
potatoes, vegetables and small fruits, which are shipped to different points. Post-
offices at Dewdney, Deroche and Hammond. About 1,200 tons hauled annually.
Forest cleared 11,000 feet, 14 to 30 feet wide.
7
14
8 n 4 feet deep.
18 ,.        20
4 „ 10
60
Blew out 35 large stumps.
Made 1 culvert, 48 feet bv 25 feet by 7 feet.
,i     1       „        48      ,i   *     2      „      2    „
Cleared driftwood from 3 bridges.
Dewdney Trunk Road, Sec. 1.
Starting from the pipe-line road at the railroad crossing, Coquitlam Junction; then
following along the northern side of the railway to the west bank of Pitt River,
where a ferry is operated; the road then continuing east and south to Port Hammond,
where it connects with the Port Hammond Road. From this point it extends north,
then easterly along the line of the centre section road to Stoney's Corners, half a
mile east of Webster's Corners, where the section ends. The total length is about
15 miles. This road passes through Pitt Meadows, Coquitlam and Maple Ridge
Municipalities. The district is entirely agricultural, consisting of stock-raising,
dairying and mixed farming. The settlers number about 200. There are no mines
nor lumber camps.    There is a shingle mill, employing about 15 men.
Ditched 2,967 feet, 7 feet wide.
Gravelled 18,540    m    6        n 9 to 15 inches deep.
Laid plank road    1,500    n    8        m
Made 3 culverts, 30 feet by 4 feet by 4 feet.
Road to Deroche's Landing, Nicomen Island (distance, about 2-J miles).
This road begins at the Nicomen Slough Bridge, following a southerly course along the
bank of Deroche Slough ; thence westerly along the north bank of the Fraser River
to the steamboat landing. This road is largely used for hauling produce over to the
steamers, not only by the farmers on the upper part of Nicomen Island, but also by
those living in the North Nicomen settlement.
Gravelled 300 feet, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Removed fence and cleared brush from steamboat landing, and removed 3 stumps.
Grubbed
6,800
Graded
7,900
Ditched
1,500
Filled in
9,075
Gravelled
2,000
Cleared right of way
600 4 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Chilliwhack Riding). E 37
Pitt River Road.
Extends from the Brunette Mills, passing through the Municipality of Coquitlam to the
west bank of Pitt River ; total distance, 7j\ miles. There is, however, only one mile
directly under Government supervision, the remainder being maintained by
Coquitlam Municipality. The Government part is that which passes through the
property of the Ross McLaren Mill Co. This road is the connecting road between
the Dewdney Trunk Road and Westminster, where they join at Coquitlam. There
are about 10 families living along the road, mostly engaged in dairying and fruit-
raising.
Forest cleared      660 feet, 15 feet wide.
2,700    „    50
Gravelled 2,500    i,    12 ,, 6 to 12 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts,    26 feet by 3 feet by 3   feet.
„     2      ,, 20      i,    30      „      21    ,,    and 4| feet by 2| feet by 4-1 feet.
Cleaned 462 feet of ditches.
Cribbed    90    „    by 10 feet.
Chilliwhack Riding.
Sumas Section of the Yale Trunk Road (distance, 11 miles).
Beginning at the Cultus Crossing Biidge and following along the south bank of Vedder
Creek and the base of the mountain range, passing through the Chadsey or Majuba
Hill settlement and along the easterly shore of Sumas Lake to Barker's ranch, on
the edge of Sumas Prairie. Mail conveyed over the road between Sardis ami
Majuba Hill post offices. There are about 35 settlers on or near the line of the road
who use it regularly, besides which there is very considerable transient travel.
School at Majuba Hill. There are no lumber camps or mines. The principal
occupation is dairying and stock-raising. Approximate amount of tonnage hauled
annually, 1,000 tons.
Grubbed 500 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded        2,220    „     10
Corduroyed    100    „     12
Cribbed 100    „      4 feet high.
Made 5 culverts, 15 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Mount Baker Road (extending).
From the Cultus Crossing Bridge, following the north bank of the Chilliwhack River to
Selica Creek Bridge, the distance being, approximately, 16 miles. It was opened
principally to facilitate the transportation of machinery and supplies into the Mount
Baker mining district. There is no post office, Sardis being the nearest. Along the
valley through which the road passes there are benches and flats, many of which
have been settled upon, and in some cases considerable improvements have been
made. Horses, sheep and cattle are, to some extent, raised, the number of settlers
being about 22. There are no lumbering operations being carried on at present,
although the capabilities for this industry are large.
Forest cleared     1,800 feet, 66 feet wide.
Graded 1,667    i,    10        ,.
Ditched 500    „      2 feet by 2 feet.
Corduroyed 189    ,,    12 feet wide.
Cribbed 194    ,,    ranging from 4 feet to 10 feet high.
Earth fill 336    n    15 feet wide, averaging 4 feet.
Gravelled 3,167    n      9 and 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Excavated earth    100    n      2 feet deep.
Made 7 culverts, 15 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
ii    3        ii       12    I.        3    it        2    n
Blasted and removed stumps, roots and logs for a distance of 10 miles. Grubbed
1,050
Graded
490
Corduroyed
65
Cribbed
290
E 38 Public Works Report. 1904
Cultus Lake and Columbia Valley Road (distance, about 5 miles).
This road practically begins at Cultus Crossing Bridge, following Switzer Creek to the
Indian Reserve ; thence easterly to the foot of Cultus Lake, and along the easterly
shore of the lake to the valley. This road has been opened to afford the settlers
(about 15 families) the means of coming out to Sardis and Chilliwhack to do then-
trading, instead of, as formerly, doing all that south of the International line.
There is a school and post office. No mining or lumbering is carried on, although
there are extensive tracts of very fine timber. Soil very good quality, of sandy
loam, but heavily timbered in most parts.
Forest cleared 3,000 feet, 20 feet wide.
6
5 ii
12
3 feet high.
Made 5 culverts, 12 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Sumas and Huntingdon Road (distance, about 3| miles).
This road extends from the Yale Road near Musselwhite's ranch, on the westerly edge of
Sumas Prairie, extending south-westerly and southerly to Huntingdon and Sumas
City, U. S. No mail conveyed over the road. Post office at Huntingdon, on the
Mission and Sumas branch of the C. P. R. From 30 to 40 settlers, mostly with
families, are benefited by this road, besides which there is a very considerable
transient traffic.    Would estimate the amount hauled annually at 1,400 tons.
Graded 700 feet, 3 feet wide.
Ditched     1,000    „    2 feet by 2 feet.
Gravelled 1,200    n    9 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches deep.
Holes and ruts filled in with gravel for 1J miles.
Abbotsford and Huntingdon Road (distance, 3 miles).
This road, when completed, will extend from the Abbotsford Townsite to Huntingdon!
following along the westerly side of the Mission and Sumas branch of the C. P. R.,
and will be a direct road from Abbotsford to Huntingdon and Sumas City, connecting at the latter named town with the roads through the State of Washington.
There is still one mile, or thereabouts, to be completed. When this is done it will
be of very material benefit to all the farmers and residents of Matsqui, Matsqui
Prairie and Abbotsford. Post-office and saw-mill on its line near Abbotsford, giving
employment to about 20 men.
Graded      3,960 feet, 10 and 12   feet wide.
Ditched    3,960    n 2|-        ,, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 3,960    n 9 n 10 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 12 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
Sumas Mountain Road (distance, about 8 miles).
This road begins at Murphy's landing, on the south bank of the Fraser River, about one
mile above the Matsqui Prairie, and follows a southerly direction over the mountain
to Sumas Prairie, where it connects with the Yale Road at Musselwhite's Ranch.
There are about 7 settlers living on the line of this road engaged in farming and
fruit-raising. The land generally is light, sandy loam, and the timber mostly light.
Post-office and store at Wade's Landing, a little above Murphy's.
Forest cleared    1,800 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed
1,840
11
12
,,
Graded
1,720
II
12
n
Ditched
45
II
3
,i
3 feet deep.
Corduro37ed
60
1)
12
it
3 feet thick
Cribbed
30
|,
8 feet high.
Excavated earth
80
It
12
,,
2 feet deep.
Filled in
60
11
12
,i
3
Excavated rock
25
11
10
M
2
Made 2 culverts
16 feet by 4 feet
by
3 feet.
ii     7       ii
16
II
4      ,
4
II 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). E 39
Porter and Vye Road, Sumas (distance, about 1J miles).
This road crosses a portion of the southerly end of Sumas Prairie, running in a westerly
direction, and connects with the Abbotsford and Huntingdon road about 1| miles
north of the latter place. About 10 families are directly benefited by this road,
most of whom are engaged in dairying and stock-raising. Would estimate the
tonnage annually passing over it at 150 tons.    Post-office at Huntingdon.
Ditched        1,700 feet, 3 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Corduroyed 1,234    n    9 m
Yale District.
Grubbed
336 feet
Graded
725
tl
Ditched
180
11
Filled in
114
11
Gravelled 1,893
11
North Riding.
Kamloops-Nicola Road.
This road, which is 65 miles long, is in good condition, with the exception of that portion
lying between Nicola Town and Quilchena, which was badly constructed originally,
there being two bad grades which could be reduced at a cost of about $2,500.
11 feet wide.
11
2        ii        2 feet deep.
14 ii averaging 4 feet high,
averaging 17 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Built 8 culverts, 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Built breakwater of rock and brush,  360 feet long,  to protect road and  Upper  Nicola
Bridge from damage at high water.    Protected west end of bridge in similar manner.
Cleaned out slides, shovelled out snow and made general repairs.
Tappen Siding Roads.
This road, which is 9 miles long, runs in a north-westerly direction from the C. P. R.
Station to Notch Hill.   The country traversed is low, swampy and heavily timbered.
It was an expensive road to build,  and is costly to maintain in good condition.
Considerable local travel at both ends, but not much through  travel,  as each place
has its own station.
Forest cleared  17,000 feet, average width, 27J feet.
Grubbed 2,100    ,i    10 feet wide.
Graded 1,300    „    12J      „
Ditched 870    „      2 feet deep, 3 feet wide.
Corduroyed 390    n    10 feet wide.
Built 6 culverts, 10 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Paxon and 6-Mile Creek Road.
This road, which is 22 miles long, branches off from the Grand Prairie Road at the north
end of Duck's Lake; from thence it runs in a north-easterly direction for a distance
of 11 miles; thence south-east along the 6-Mile Creek to the Grand Prairie Road.
It traverses a hilly and rather timbered country, with some grass in places. Accommodates 6 or 7 settlers.
Ditched 75 feet, 2 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Built 1 culvert,   14 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
ii    4 culverts, 16 n     7 n     3    n
Cut out windfalls and brush from road sides; grubbed out stumps, filled ruts, graded
rough places; cleaned out slides and made general repairs. E 40 Public Works Report. 1904
Grand Prairie and Fish Lake Road (51 miles in length).
Forest cleared 120 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded              198    n       8 h
Cribbed 66    n      8 n
Cleaned out log-jam.
Kamloops and Shuswap Road.
This road, which is 35 miles in length, follows the south bank of the Thompson River
from Kamloops to Shuswap. The country traversed is level bench land, covered
with grass. There are good farms along the road and considerable travel. It is in
good condition, being easily kept up.
Gravelled 300 feet, 10 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 16 feet by 7 feet by 2 feet.
Cleaned off rock, filled ruts and washouts and made general surface repairs.
Todd's and Ducks Meadows Road.
This road, which is 13| miles in length, branches off from the Campbell Creek Road at
the 4-mile post (Todd's ranch), and runs thence south-easterly and connects with the
Grand Prairie Road at the 7-mile post from Ducks Station. It traverses a comparatively open country, covered with grass and considerable timber. Nearly all the
travel between Kamloops and Grand Prairie passes over it. It is in good condition,
being easily kept up.
Ditched
105 feet,    2
ieet wide
2 feet deep.
Filled in
90    ii    14
2
Excavated earth
135    „      6
2
Gravelled
300    -,    10
10 inches deep
Built 2 culverts,
14    „      6
2 feet deep.
„    1
16    „      7
2
Cleaned off rock, filled washouts and ruts and made general surface repairs.
DlSDERA  AND  DUCKS  STATION   R.OAD.
This road, which is 4 miles long, branches of from the Todd-Ducks Meadows Road at the
9-mile post and runs in a north-westerly direction to Ducks Station, It traverses a
rolling country covered with grass and scattering timber. It is used by settlers as a
short cut to the station.    A little farm produce is hauled over it.
Forest cleared 5,730 feet, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,130    „    8
Graded 3,600    „    8
Excavated loose rock   600    n    4        n 2 feet deep.
ii earth        2,040     n    3 n 3 n
Built 1 culvert, 16 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Campbell Creek Road.
This road, which is 17 miles long, branches from the Kamloops-Shuswap Road at the 7-
mile post, east of Kamloops, and runs south-west to its connection with the Kam-
loops-Nicola Lake Road, at the south end of Shuswap Lake. It traverses grass-
covered, sloping hills with scattering timber. The road is used by a number of
farmers and stock raisers.    The Kamloops-Nicola mail passes this way.
Cleaned out ditches, filled ruts and repaired culverts.
Grand Prairie Road.
This road extends from Ducks Station, on the C. P. R., to Vernon. The portion in North
Yale being about 35 miles long. On leaving Ducks it ascends to high-bench timbered land, thence through a comparatively level country, covered with grass and
scattering timber.    It is used by a large number of farmers and stock-raisers. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). E 41
Grubbed 2,651 feet, averaging 13 feet wide.
Graded 5,681     „ n 12 „
Ditched 1,600    n    2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in 2,407    n    averaging 7 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Cribbed 1,490    i, „ 6 feet high.
Excavated rock      500 yards.
Excavated earth 1,650 feet,   6 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 3 culverts,      16    h      7 ,, 3        n
„    2        ,i 16    „     10        i, 2
Made general surface repairs.
Kamloops-Savona Road (27 miles long).
Leaving Kamloops it rises to high bench land, traversing rolling hills, covered with grass
and scattering timber. There is some local traffic between Kamloops and Cherry
Creek, a distance of 15 miles, but not much through travel.
Cribbed 42 feet, 3 feet wide, 5 feet high.
Graded and made surface repairs for 2Tiy miles.
Repaired 1 culvert and made general repairs.
Coal Hill Road.
This road is 7 miles long, and is a branch of the Kamloops-Savona Road, about 4 miles
west of Kamloops. It runs in a south-westerly direction on the north-west side of
Jacko Lake to Big Fish Lake.    It is used principally by Coal Hill miners.
Grubbed 10,815 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded    10,815    ,i    8
Surfaced   5,749    ,.12
Salmon Arm and Kault Road.
This road, which is 8 miles long, branches off from the Salmon Arm, west side road, and
traverses a hilly and timbered country for about 5 miles, and thence winds down a
bad hill to Kault Mills.    A number of settlers, engaged in farming, use it.
Built 14 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Graded rough places, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Shuswap and Kault Road (23 miles long).
On leaving Shuswap the road traverses rolling country covered with timber and grass,
thence following a back valley through thickly timbered country to Kault. There
are a few settlers at each end of this road.     There is not much through travel.
Graded 3,600 feet, cut and removed windfalls and stumps, cleaned out slides and made
general repairs.
Tolput Road.
Cleaned out ditches, filled ruts, and made general repairs.
Merrall Ditch, Salmon Arm.
Cleared right of way for 5,940 feet, 15 feet wide.
Digged 5,940    ,.,      7 n on top and 4 feet wide on bottom, and
2|- feet deep.
Salmon Arm Road (west side).
This road starts from the C. P. R. Station and runs in a north-westerly direction up the
west side of the valley a distance of about 5 miles. A portion of this road has been
turnpiked and gravelled and is now in very good condition. The balance is bad, as
it passes through a low, wet, clay country.
Gravelled 210 feet, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 30 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Built a brush bulkhead at Palmer's Bridge to protect approaches from high water.
Grubbed out stumps, filled ruts and made general repairs. E 42 Public Works Report. 1904
Nicola-Hamilton Hill Road.
This road, which is six miles in length, is used as a short cut from the town of Nicola to
connect with the Granite Creek Road. With the exception of one bad hill, it is in
good condition.    Not much heavy traffic over it.
Shovelled out snow drifts, turned off water and made general repairs.
North Thompson Road (East Side—55 miles in length).
Cribbed 120 feet by 3 feet.
Cleaned out slides, filled washouts and ruts and made general surface repairs.
Kamloops-Shuswap Road (north side).
Cribbed 21 feet, 8 feet high.
Repaired washouts, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Craigellachie Road (8 miles in length.)
feet.
Foot Hill Road (Salmon Road).
This road is 13J miles long.    It starts from the C. P. R. Station and follows the foothills on the east side of Salmon Arm Valley for a distance of about 6 miles, thence
due west |-mile, thence south along the centre of the valley.    There is considerable
travel over it and it is in fairly good condition.
Forest cleared 300 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed out stumps and roots for 6 miles.
Graded      1,800 feet, 20 feet wide.
Ditched        166    n      2 n 1 foot deep.
Gravelled     330    n    10        n        8 inches deep.
Gravelled      105     „       9 „ 8
Built 6 culverts, 10 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
ii    2 ii        14 n     4 ii    2     ii
ii    3        ii       16 n     6 ii    2    ii
ii    1 ii       10        i,     2        ,i    1     n
Corduroyed 90 feet, 12 feet wide.
Repaired culverts, cleaned out ditches and ruts, and made general surface repairs.
Forest cleared
3,350 feet, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed
7,800    ii    average width 13 feet.
Graded
5,040    n    10 feet wide.
Ditched
4,740    ii      6        ii          average depth 4
Excavated earth
120    h    15        ii         21 feet deep.
Corduroyed
150    ii    14
Filled in
60    ,i    15        „          2
West Riding.
Nicola, Granite Creek and Princeton Road.
This road, which is 71 miles in length, branches off from the Spence's Bridge-Nicola
Road at the 24-mile post and runs south-east via Otter Valley to Princeton. All
the travel of Aspen Grove, Otter Valley, Granite Creek and Princeton passes over it.
The road is in fairly good condition though too narrow in places to admit of teams
passing without some difficulty. This more especially at the lower end of the road
from the 45-mile post to Princeton. Owing to the unusual snowfall during last
winter, the cost of keeping the road open was largely increased.
Cut out and removed windfalls, repaired culverts, cleaned out rock, earth and snowslides ;
filled ruts, removed loose rocks and made general repairs over the entire length.
Built 2 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Gravelled 900 feet, 8 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Repaired coverings on corduroy bridges and repaired stone walls. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (West Riding). E 43
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
There is considerable travel over this trail, which is 65 miles long, but no heavy packing,
supplies being hauled by way of Spence's Bridge. Numerous bridges are fast becoming
rotten and shaky, needing constant repair.
Cut out and removed windfalls.
Cleaned out slides and made general repairs.
Hope-Summit Camp Trail.
This trail is 26 miles long. Commencing at Hope, it follows the Hope-Nicola trail to
the 17-mile post; from thence up Dewdney Creek to Dead Horse Creek, following
the latter to Summit. It is a fairly good trail, with the exception of that part
crossing the Coquahalla River, where a bridge is needed.
Cut out and removed windfalls.
Repaired culverts and washouts and made general repairs.
Princeton and 20-Mile Creek Road.
Cleaned out rock, earth and snow-slides and made general repairs.
Cache Creek and Savona Road (25 miles long).
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, cut out windfalls, repaired culverts, and made general
surface repairs.
Deadman Creek Road.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Coldwater Road.
Repaired culverts, cut out windfalls, filled ruts, widened banks, and made all necessary
repairs.
Hope and Popcum Road.
This road follows the south bank of the Fraser River from Hope Ferry to the line between
Yale and Chilliwhack, a total distance of about 25 miles. It is in a rather bad
condition, owing, in a great measure, to overflow from the river. At present there are
about 35 settlers living along this road. There is no great amount of travel and but
little produce shipped. There are a number of old trestle bridges on this road; must
be renewed in the near future.
Cut out windfalls, repaired culverts and made necessary repairs.
Forest cleared 1,500 feet, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed
1,350
,    12
Cribbed
450
i      4 feet high.
Filled in
150
i      8 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Graded
2,100
,    12
Ditched
450
,      4        ,i         2        ii
Excavated rock    50 cubic yards.
Corduroyed 540 feet, 14 feet wide.
Cut brush on each side of road for 2| miles.
Gravelled 180 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs, Savona Ferry.
Took scow out of river and put 24 feet of new planking in bottom; erected new towers
and renewed the anchor blocks; put on new cattle gates at each end ; re-caulked the
scow ; put on new tackle; built new row boat.
Earl's Ferry, Lytton.
Erected towers, set anchors and stretched ferry cable across the Fraser River at Earl's
Crossing, near Lytton. E 44 Public Works Report. 1904
Venable Valley Road.
This road branches off from the main road at the 14-mile post above Spence's Bridge and
runs south-west to Venable's Valley. It is used by farmers and stock-raisers and is
in fairly good condition.
Forest cleared
5,335 feet, 25 feet
wide
Grubbed
5,335    i,    10
ii
Graded
5,335    ,,      9
„
Cribbed
150    „      4
ii
3 feet high.
Filled in
150    ,i      4
ii
2 feet deep.
Excavated
earth
1,120    „      2
ii
2
14
ii
2           ii
10
ii
averaging 1
241
ii
5
ii
averaging
35 feet wide.
14 feet wide,
Spence's Bridge, Nicola Road.
This road, which is 46 miles long, starts from Spence's .Bridge and follows up the northeast side of Nicola River and crosses the same at the foot of Nicola Lake ; thence
round the south-west shore to Kamloops ; the total length being 110 miles. Only 46
miles of this road is in West Yale, and is subject to heavy traffic. All the travel
into Nicola Valley, Otter Valley, Granite Creek and Princeton passes over it.
Ditched 2,388 feet, 3 feet wide, 1-J- feet deep.
Filled in 60
Gravelled 11,280    n 10        n        averaging 10J inches deep.
Turnpiked 7,006
Windened out road     600
Cleared forest 1,164
Graded 714
Built 16 culverts, 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Cribbed 130 feet by 4 feet by 5 feet.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Ashcroft-Cornwall Road (3J miles long).
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Barnes & Lehman Road.
This road, which is four miles long, branches from the Ashcroft-Pennie road at the 2-mile
post, and runs in a south-westerly direction to Lehman's ranch, and is used by six or
seven farmers. Considerable farm produce is hauled over it. About one mile of the
south-west end needs widening.
Gravelled 770 feet, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Ditched    225    ,,      2 ,. 1J feet      n
Graded      500     „     10
Made general repairs.
Ashcroft-Pennie Road.
This road is 17 miles long and runs from Ashcroft south about 1 mile, where it turns eastward over high benchland to Pennie's ranch. Used by 7 or 8 farmers and stock-
raisers. The road is in good condition and easily maintained, with the exception of
about half-a-mile, which runs around the face of a gravel bank.
Cribbed 300 feet, 5 feet high, 4 feet wide.
Cleaned out slides, removed loose rock and made general repairs.
Trunk Road, Sections 1 and 2.
Built 1 culvert, 14 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Lytton-Lillooet Road.
This road follows the east Jiank of the Fraser River from Lytton to Lillooet for about 24
miles, 23 miles being in Yale District and the remainder in Lillooet. The traffic is
mostly in freight, and includes mining machinery and supplies for Lillooet, Bridge
River and Cayoosh Creek, as well as two bi-weekly stages carrying the mails. The
bench land on either side, if irrigated, yields good crops. The road is in good
condition, but needs more gravel. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 45
Ditched and turnpiked 100 yards.
Built 1 culvert, 14 feet by 3 feet by 1| feet.
Cleaned off rock and slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
McKay-Loring Road.
This road is 5 miles long and starts from the Lillooet-Lytton Road at the 2-mile post
from Lytton; thence north-east to McKay's ranch through a mountainous country.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and washouts and made general repairs.
East Riding—Northern Division (Penticton to Mara Lake).
Okanagan Mission Section.
Laid 3,600 lineal feet of sidewalk in the town of Kelowna, from 3 to 6 feet wide; cut
ditches to drain off the stagnant water ; filled in low places on street approaching
the church and school-house ; dug a ditch 800 feet along the business portion of
Bernard avenue, for drainage purposes; put a continuous wooden box in the opening
and filled over with sawdust and sand for a width of 20 feet and 2 feet in depth;
ploughed, graded and crowned up with grading machine three streets in the residential part of the town ; made general repairs to old sidewalk.
Road, Dell's Corner to Kelowna.
Turns off the Vernon-Mission Road near the 32-mile post, and runs west three miles to
Kelowna; is the principal thoroughfare of Okanagan-Mission Valley. All the
produce of the valley—about 8,000 tons—passes over this road for shipment to the
Kootenay country and elsewhere.
Hauled and deposited broken rock in sags of road between the 33 and 34-mile post, and
gravelled from Ray's corner east, a distance of 1,300 feet. About 1,000 feet of the
road was washed out near the 33-mile post; this was refilled and gravelled and a
culvert put in for the passage of high water. The road is now in fairly good condition.
Vernon-Okanagan Mission Road.
This is the main trunk road between Vernon and Okanagan Mission Valley, 40 miles in
length. A large amount of farm produce is raised in the valley and trucked over
this road to Kelowna for shipment. The stage makes three round trips per week,
carrying the mails, passengers and express.
Made some necessary repairs at mile-posts 26, 29 aud 35 ; made repairs to culvert at the
34-mile; put in a new culvert at the 32J mile ; filled in three washouts near the
13|-mile; shovelled off all rocks and mud slides and made general surface repairs
between the 2-mile and 13-mile posts. Graded, ditched and crowned up the road
between the 27 and 28-mile posts for a distance of 4,000 feet, and put in a new
culvert near the 27J- mile post. This piece of the road is on clay, and during wet
weather is in a bad state. It should be gravelled next season. The balance of the
main road is in fairly good shape.
Scotty Creek Road (construction).
This road starts from the main trunk road near the 26|-mile post, and runs easterly about
2 miles through an agricultural country. The work of grading was light, the road
running over an open, stony flat. Built 2 culverts. The road will accommodate six
settlers, two of whom built over half a mile at their own expense.
Furness Road (construction).
This road starts from the main trunk road near the 13-mile post, and runs in an easterly
direction over the "railroad " at the north end of Wood Lake for a distance of about
3 miles, and affords an outlet to the 6 settlers on the east side of the lake. The
thick brush and heavy timber were cut close and cleared out for a length of a mile
and a half.    The balance of the road had already been built by the settlers. E 46 Public Works Report. 1904
McLure Road (construction).
Branches off the main trunk road near the 19|--mile post, and runs easterly on the
dividing line between Lot 118 and the Indian Reserve, a distance of three-quarters
of a mile. The fence was set back from the line 20 feet, brush and fallen timber
cleared out, hillocks levelled off, and one culvert put in over irrigation ditch. This
road will afford an outlet to 3 settlers, and should be extended 2 miles east, and thus
open up a large area of good agricultural land.
Black Mountain Road.
Starts at the 31-mile post of main trunk road and runs easterly up Mission Creek, on the
north side, a distance of about 10 miles through a fine agricultural country. The
soil is a gravelly, rich black loam, and very productive. A large number of settlers
have pre-empted these bench lands, and are very prosperous.
Cleared out the Gallagher grade of earth and rock slides and made some general repairs.
Shovelled out some heavy snowdrifts during February. The road is still rough and
narrow in places, and should receive attention next season.
Glance Cribs, Mission Creek.
Cut and delivered on site sufficient fir timber logs and built 2 glance cribs, 120 and 60
feet long, 6 feet high by 10 feet wide; cribs bolted together with f-inch round iron
drift bolts, and filled in with heavy rock and brush to protect the river bank during
high water. Very high water was experienced in May and June, the creek bed
being filled up to a level with its banks. On June 2nd a sudden cloudburst raised
the water so that it broke over and through the bank above the old dam and passed
through the property of Mr. Pease, washing away several acres of his land and
orchard. Six of the Government road bridges over Mill Creek were washed out and
considerable drift-wood deposited on farm lands between the break-out and Okanagan
Lake.
In the month of May all felled trees and drift-piles were removed from the channels of
Mission and Mill Creeks.
In June a portion of the channel of Mission Creek was cleared of snags and deepened, so
as to let a portion of the high water, which was all running into Mill Creek, run
into Mission Creek channel.
Cut, hewed and delivered, in February, the timber necessary for the renewal of Mission
Creek Bridge. The hauling was done much cheaper while the snow and ice were on
the ground.
Benvoulin Road.
Extends from the 33-mile post, on the Vernon-Mission Road, a mile and a half west and
north and joins the Kelowna-Dell's Corner Road. All the produce from the lower
end of Okanagan Mission Valley passes over this road to Kelowna for shipment.
Cleaned out the side ditches for the length of 1,300 feet, to give free drainage to the
waste irrigation water.
Built a tool shed in Kelowna, 24 feet by 14 feet, for the safe storage of tools and road
grader.
Vernon Section.
Vernon-Long Lake Road.
Branches off the Coldstream Road at the 1-mile post and runs in a southerly, easterly and
northerly direction, forming a horse-shoe, for a length of 5 miles, and joins the Coldstream Road again near the 3-mile post. This road accommodates the farmers who
have bought 40-acre farming lots from the Aberdeen Estate, and makes a pleasant
drive for tourists visiting these parts.
Widened out and crowned up road-bed between the brick-yard and the lake, 2 miles ;
renewed the culvert over a slough near the 4-mile post; reduced the wood-work from
30 to 10 feet; cut down the grade on the north side and utilised material in making
up approach; removed culvert near the 4|--mile, 5 feet long and 2 feet deep; put in
a new culvert over the irrigation ditch near the 4|-mile, 7 feet long, 10 feet wide,
and 18 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 47
Constructed a dam at the outlet of Long Lake Creek, 300 feet long, 40 feet base, 6 feet
high, 12 feet wide on top, built up of fir logs bolted together, and filled in and sloped
off with earth, clay and shingle, and brush-mattressed. Built in a high water overflow of 3-inch plank, 22 feet wide, 3 feet high and 16 feet long, fitted with aprons 32
feet long. A sluice-box, 3 feet wide and 2 feet deep was built into this overflow,
fitted with gate and lift.
Commonage Road
Branches off from Vernon-Mission Road at the 6-mile post and runs in a southerly direction
9 miles through a good agricultural country. Quite a number of farmers have settled
in here and are very prosperous. Large quantities of wheat, oats and cereals are
produced and hauled in to Vernon.
Widened out the road around Farney Lake between the 9 and 10-mile post; excavated
earth 2 feet wide, 500 feet long and 12 inches deep; made an alteration in the road
at the south end to avoid a steep pitch, and made general surface repairs throughout
where necessary.
Pleasant Valley Road.
Is the main trunk road connecting the Spallumcheen and Okanagan Valleys, a distance
of 15 miles between Vernon and Armstrong, and follows the east side of Swan Lake
through a beautiful open country devoted to agriculture, wheat and stock-raising.
Four miles of this road are looked after by the Department; the balance is under
the control of the Municipalities.
At the 3Lmile post, gravelled and ditched the road-bed for a distance of 400 feet. The
gravel was hauled a distance of two miles and deposited to a width of 10 feet, 8
inches deep. The road is badly cut up in places, and should be ditched and crowned
up next season.
Kamloops-Vernon Road.
Traverses the country from Kamloops to Vernon, a distance of 75 miles, passing on the
west side of Swan Lake, and is the main trunk road between above towns. Nearly
all the available agricultural land en route is taken up and being cultivated. About
24 miles of this road is within the boundaries of the East Riding of Yale.
Widened out the road on the 9-Mile Hill for a length of 945 feet, 10 feet in width ;
brushed out the road near the 11-mile post; cleared off and widened the road at
Little Lake, near the 14-mile post; filled up holes with gravel near the 17-mile post,
and made general surface repairs.
Armstrong, Grand Prairie Road.
Branches off the Kamloops-Vernon Road about 200 yards north, of the bridge at the first
crossing of Salmon River, near the 17^-mile post, and runs in a north-easterly
direction about 9 miles to Armstrong. Five miles are within the boundaries of
Spallumcheen Municipality. Three and one-half miles, including the bridge across
the Salmon River, were built by the settlers at their own expense; the remaining
half mile was built last autumn by the Government. Removed settler's fence, put
in a subway for stock, took out stumps and graded down steep side-hill 1,000 feet
long, 12 feet wide. All the travel between Grand Prairie, Salmon River and Armstrong now goes by this road, instead of the longer way, viz., Round Lake; mail
route between above points weekly.
Vernon-Tronson Road.
Runs from Vernon westerly 5 miles through an agricultural and stock-raising section,
and connects with the British Empire and several other very promising mining
properties. The British Empire mine is erecting a stamp-mill and buildings on the
ground. This road, in places, was ploughed and levelled off for a length of 1,760
feet and 2J feet wide, some rock points blasted out and general surface repairs made,
in order to get their machinery and timber in. E 48 Public Works Report. 1904
Vernon-Okanagan Landing Road.
Extends from Vernon to the steamer landing on Okanagan Lake, and on further south
to settlers along the lake, in all about 10 miles. Made some general surface repairs
between the 2-mile and 3|-mile posts.
Coldstream Road.
Extends from Vernon in an easterly direction through the estate of Lord Aberdeen six
miles, then on through White Valley to Lumby. Many thousands of tons of field
produce, including hops, are hauled over this road to Vernon for shipment to various
points. The road was ditched, crowned up and gravelled between the 1-mile and
3J-mile posts. In the soft and low places, large flat rocks were first laid and then
covered with gravel 14 feet wide, 9 inches deep, and well rolled with the Government heavy roller. At the crossing of Coldstream Creek a new culvert was put in
10 feet long, 21 feet wide and 6 feet high. The grade approaching it from either
side was raised 18 inches by filling in with gravel for a total length of 384 feet, 21
feet wide. Put in a culvert at the 4J-mile post, Hop-yard Corner, 24 feet wide, 2
feet by 2 feet. At the 5^-mile post was a low and wet place. This was ditched and
raised with gravel for a length of 800 feet, 16 feet wide and 12 inches in depth.
Betvveen the 6 and 8-mile posts some chuck-holes were filled with gravel, and large
exposed roots cut out of wheel track. This piece of the road, between the 6 and 8-
mile posts, is in a very bad state, only a small portion of it ever received any attention, and it should be attended to next season.
Lumby Section.
White Valley Road.
This is the main trunk road between Vernon and Lumby, 16 miles, being a continuation
of the Coldstream Road. This section extends to the 24Lmile post. A large tonnage of hay, wheat, cereals and stove wood is hauled over this road to Vernon.
Widened out the road-bed in a side cut 4 feet between the 9 and 10-mile posts making it
18 feet wide for a distance of 1,125 feet; cut down hill and filled up low place.
Completed the alteration between the 10 and 11-mile posts; widened out side-cut, filled
up hollows, cribbed up bank of Duteau Creek to protect road embankment, hauled
gravel, cleaned off rocks and made general surface repairs between the 11 and 16-
mile posts.
Filled up approaches to bridge No. 270 with rock and gravel for a length of 1,350 feet,
13 feet wide and 12 inches deep.
Between the 20 and 21-mile posts put in 90 feet of cribbing, 3 feet 6 inches high, along
hillside, to prevent slope sliding in and filling up ditch and road, and made some
general surface repairs through to the 24-mile.
Graded 2,220 feet, 4 feet wide.
Cribbed                   220
i.    6
11
Excavated earth    285
n  20
II
2 feet 6 inches deep.
Excavated rock       50
„    3
II
4 feet deep.
Filled in                 550
„  16
,,
3 feet 6 inches deep.
Stoned                      40
„  16
11
3    ii    6            ii
Gravelled            1,665
., 12
n
1 foot deep.
McCalla-Harris Creek Road.
Branches off the White Valley Road on the McCalla place, near the 8-mile post, and
extends in a south-easterly direction through a farming section a distance of 14
miles. The. land en route is all pre-empted and considerable of it placed under cultivation.    Wheat and oats are the principal products.
Filled up washouts on the 10-mile hill; straightened out the road on Phillips'place;
made some general surface repairs.
Forest cleared    4,500 feet, 35 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,500    ,,12
Graded 3,000    „    12
Excavated earth     90    ,,    12 n 18 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 49
Mill Creek Road.
Branches off the White Valley Road at the 13-J mile post, and runs south a mile and a
half, and then forks east and west, in all about five miles.     The road is an outlet for
the settlers in Township 3.
Cleared out the log-jam near the bridge over Mill Creek at Ward's; excavated 170 feet
by 8 feet by 2 feet in creek channel; put in 140 feet of cribbing, 2J- feet high, and
filled in 170 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet deep.
Eden Flat Road.
This road turns off the White Valley Road at Lumby and runs south and east a mile and
a half to settlers in the eastern part of Township 3, and to the Lumby school-house.
Rebuilt culvert No. 221, 14 feet long by 16 feet wide and 3 feet high; 4 fir log stringers
and 3 inch covering.
Filled in approaches to bridge No. 220 with rock and gravel.
The road-bed in spring and fall is very soft in places and should receive a coat of gravel
next season.
Creighton Valley Road.
Turns south from the White Valley Road near the 17-mile post and runs through an
agricultural settlement 8 miles.
Re-built culvert No. 197 ; straightened out the course of Bonneau Creek by excavating a
new channel, 210 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet, and a wing-dam 34 feet long, to protect
the road near the 18-mile post; hauled and deposited gravel on road-bed to a length
of 350 feet, near the 18-mile post, and filled in some washouts between the 17 and
19-mile posts. Between these two points the road-bed is low-lying and should be
ditched, crowned up and gravelled next season.
Cherry Creek Section.
Cherry Creek-Monashee Road.
Is a continuation of the White Valley and Coldstream Roads—the section extends from
the 24^-mile post to the 47-mile post at the Monashee mines. The road runs
through an agricultural and lightly timbered country, and the land is pre-empted
throughout. The extraordinary high water and continuous heavy rains of this
season, together with the heavy machinery passing over, had placed the road in an
almost impassable condition in many places. The usual surface repairs were made,
chuck-holes filled up with gravel, old culverts renewed, water channels near bridges
cleared of jams, and overhanging brush cut back. For the protection of the road
and settlers' property, the cribbing on the Shuswap River, near the 272-mile post, was
extended 450 feet and to a height of 5|- feet, built up of logs bolted together and
filled in to high-water mark.
Fire Valley Trail.
Extends from Monashee through Fire Valley to Arrow Lake, 45 miles. About 35 miles
of the trail is in East Yale. The trail is used by miners and prospectors. The trail
was completely blocked in a great many places by fallen timber ; this was all sawed
and cleared out.
Shuswap   Section.
Shuswap-Mabel Lake Road.
Branches off the White Valley Road at Lumby and runs in a northerly direction 19 miles
through an agricultural and timber country. A large number of settlers have lately
pre-empted lands in these parts and are very industrious and thriving. The road
was extended 2 miles during the year, and is now within 2J miles of Mabel Lake, a
sheet of water 25 miles in length and averaging 2| miles in width. Large tracts of
merchantable timber exist along its shores, and the lumbering business there is now
very active. Half a mile of the unfinished road at the Lumby end was completed
this season and opened for traffic November 1st. E 50 Public Works Report. 1904
The road was improved between the 20 and 22-mile posts and between the 26J and 30-
mile posts. Trees and stumps were taken out and the road-bed straightened,
ditched, graded and crowned up ; cleared out the log-jam from channel near bridge
No. 249, over Bisset's Creek, and built a wing-dam of logs set on brush mattress, 60
feet long, 6 feet wide and 7 feet high ; built a culvert for the passage of high water
near bridge No. 249 ; cleared the road of fallen timber after storm at June 12th,
from the 16th to the 33-mile posts; renewed culvert No. 344.
Forest cleared
12,300 feet,
20 feet wide
Grubbed
12,700
ii
12 to 18
Graded
28,965
ii
4 to 16
Ditched
150
ii
3
Corduroyed
505
ii
10 to 15
Excavated earth
150
,i
20
2J feet deep.
Excavated rock
330
ri
6
2
Filled in
715
it
12
11        „
Gravelled
1,401
t,
10
7 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts,
averagir
g 16 feet by 2
feet
by
3 feet.
Cargill-Sugar Lake Road.
Branches off the Shuswap-Mabel Lake Road near the 31-mile post and runs easterly
about 5 miles towards Sugar Lake, and is used by the 6 settlers in the neighbourhood.
Repaired and improved 2 miles of this road by cutting out the brush and stumps, cutting
down and levelling off high places, filling up holes, laying down corduroy and putting
in culverts.    The road is now fairly passable for the settlers.
Enderby Section.
Vernon-Enderby Road.
This is the main trunk road between Vernon and Enderby; distance, 24 miles—17 miles
of which are in the two municipalities, Vernon and Spallumcheen.
Improved the road between the 21 and 23-mile posts ; widened the road allowance by
removing brush and stumps ; made ditches ; graded up and deposited gravel; made
an alteration near the 23-mile post, straightening the alignment; improved the grade
over the gulch and put in a culvert 22 feet by 6 feet by 3 feet. More gravelling
will be required next season.
Enderby-Mabel Lake Road.
Extends from Enderby in an easterly direction, following the north bank of the Spallumcheen River, a distance of about 25 miles, to Mabel Lake. The road is used by
settlers and the lumbering industry is carried on very extensively. Seventeen miles
of this road were cleared of fallen timber last fall, and culverts and corduroy put in
to enable teams to get in with supplies to the lumbering camps. The road throughout is very narrow and rough, and should be widened by removing brush, timber and
stumps. A large expenditure will be required to put it in shape. The location, in
places, should be revised, with a view of obtaining easier grades and firmer ground.
Forest cleared 2,180 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,275    ,,      8        „
Corduroyed 971     n      9J      n
Made 2 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Enderby-Salmon Arm Road.
Extends from Enderby, in a north-westerly direction, about 14 miles to the dividing line
between East and North Yale, and thence on to Salmon Arm Village. The country
is settled throughout and, Enderby being the trading point, a large amount of travel
goes over this road. The road was improved in places and necessary repairs made to
culverts.
Forest cleared 2,300 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,300    „    20
Graded 2,300    „    16
Gravelled 825    n      8        m        5 inches deep. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 51
Deep Creek or Canyon Road
Branches off the Vernon-Enderby Road near the 23-|- mile post, and runs in a westerly
and northerly direction 14 miles, and joins the Salmon Arm Road near the 30-mile
post. This road is very much used by the settlers of Salmon River and Mount Ida,
who trade at Enderby.
Cut back the brush and timber from the Deep Creek grade for a distance of 4 miles and
to a width of 6 feet on each side of road; widened out the road-bed in side cuts, 3
feet; improved the road between the 9 and IOJ mile posts by straightening the
alignment and easing off the grades, and made general surface repairs ; also necessary
repairs to culverts.
Built a tool-house near the east end of Enderby Bridge, 24 by 14 feet, for the storage of
tools, road grader and stumping powder.
Mara Section.
Enderby-Mara Road.
Traverses the east side of the Spallumcheen River, connecting the villages of Enderby
and Mara, and on northerly 3 miles to Mara Lake. The river is spanned by a bridge
650 feet long opposite Mara Station, and the road then branches north and south to
settlers, the total length being 174 miles. Large quantities of baled hay and some
garden produce are hauled over this road to Mara Station for shipment.
Brushed, stumped and graded a piece of road on west side of Shuswap and Okanagan
Railway, to give an outlet to settlers to Mara Station, 3,615 feet in length; improved
the road between the 30 and 37-mile posts ; took out old corduroy near the 35-mile
post; ditched and gravelled a length of 1,869 feet; made necessary repairs to culverts ; widened out right-of-way of timber and stumps, and guarded all bridges from
drift-jams during extraordinary high water.
Forest cleared 5,973 feet, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed
3,615
„    12
Graded
1,615
ii    24        ,
Ditched
2,103
,,      3        ,
Cribbed
42
M        6          ,
Filled in
140
„    10        ,
2 feet deep.
Gravelled
2,119
i,      6        ,
6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, averaging 20 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
West Side of Okanagan Lake.
The main road leading around Okanagan Lake branches off the Vernon-Kamloops Road
at the 8J-mile, near O'Keefe's, and follows around the north end and down the west
side of the lake, a distance of about 18 miles, ending at a point about one mile north
of Short's Point; then follows a gap of about 20 miles to Siwash Point, at McLennan's, in which there is no road but a pack trail. From this point a waggon trail
exists for 8 miles, running through the Marshall settlement to Powers Creek ; then
a good waggon road to Peachland, 6 miles, and to a point 5 miles south; then a
pack trail for 10 miles to Summerland ; thence a waggon road, 12 miles, to Penticton,
which follows along on the high bench lands a mile or more back from the lake.
The country is settled and the lands being improved from one end of the lake to the
other, and in time, no doubt, these gaps will be connected with a waggon road and
afford means of through transportation without change.
Peachland and Summerland are now two very thriving settlements. The former is
situate about 15 miles below, or south, of Kelowna, and the latter about 9 miles
north of Penticton. Large holdings were bought up and subdivided into 10-acre
lots; these, in turn, were taken up by farmers from Manitoba, the Territories and
Eastern Canada, and planted out in peach and apple orchards, small fruits and
garden produce. The climate is very favourable to the early ripening of all kinds of
fruit and vegetables.
Several stretches of waggon roads have been built for the convenience of settlers in
marketing their garden products, and a portion of the main trunk road was built
from the wharf at Summerland along the lake shore north and south for a distance
of about 2 miles. E 52 Public Works Report. 1904
In the vicinity of Peachland about 2 miles of waggon road was built along the lake shore
and further back through settlers' lots ; and 1 mile of a pack trail, on a waggon road
grade, was constructed on Deep Creek, 5 miles back from the lake, affording relief
to 6 settlers.
Made general repairs to the road leading west from Summerland to a large number of
settlers' pre-emptions on Trout Creek, locally known as Dean's Road, about 7 miles
in length. At the west end, widened out old trail on steep side-hill for 300 feet, to
let waggons through. More work is required to be done next season in repairing
and extending this road.
At the Marshall settlement, 6 miles north of Peachland, the road approach to the Powers
Creek Bridge on both sides was graded up, giving a practically level grade.
Cleaned out the main road and made general surface repairs between Trepanier Creek
and Powers Creek, 5 miles. Widened out and improved the road in side-hill cuts
between the 25 and 24-mile posts, north of Short's Point; made general repairs
between the 20 and 21-mile posts; made repairs to road at Whiteman's Creek,
damaged by high water.
Gellatly-Hall's Landing Road (construction).
Branches off the main road at the top of the grade on south side of Powers Creek Bridge,
and runs in an easterly and northerly direction about 3 miles and connects with the
two wharves on Okanagan Lake. Is used by settlers in marketing their produce ; an
outlet for those living on the lake shore, and saw-logs will, in all probability, be
hauled over a portion of it.
Cleared out the trail of fallen timber between Siwash Point and Short's Point, 20 miles.
Irish Creek Road.
Turns off the main road near the 10-mile post and runs northerly about 3 miles through
a settled and agricultural country.
Widened out the road in side-hill cuttings with plough and road grader; cleared out
stumps, roots and brush and made general surface repairs.
Below is a statement showing amount of work performed on the west side of the lake
during the season on the main and side roads :—
Forest cleared     28,675 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,200
Graded 21,100
Ditched 25
Corduroyed 30
Cribbed 4,840
Excavated earth        50
ii         rock 97
Filled in 1,281
12
12
2
12
4 feet high.
14 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
12        ,. 1
16        „ 7
Made 2 culverts, averaging 4 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet.
East Riding—South Division.
Fairview-Penticton Road (28 miles in length).
Starting from Fairview and running through a rolling and lightly timbered country.
Freight road from Penticton to Fairview, and to Olalla, Keremeos and Hedley, via
White Lake. Cattle, horses and sheep are raised in large numbers. The land is
suitable for agriculture, hay and grazing, and also fruit-growing. There are several
good mining prospects, and a large area of coal lands. Concentrates from Fairview
are shipped out over this road. Number of settlers, about 12. Mail route from
Penticton to Fairview as far as Junction Banch, and from Penticton to Keremeos
as far as White Lake. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 53
Repaired 4 culverts, 4 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Built        3      n 3      m      14      ,,      2    „
Graded 980 feet, 10 feet wide.
Filled in 640    ,,    10        „          4 feet deep.
Cribbed (timber) 430    „      4        „
Rip-rapped rock 110    n       5         n           4         n
Excavated    n 100    it       5         n           4         n
n           earth 132     n       9         ii            4         n
Fairview-Junction Ranche, via Okanagan Falls (19 miles long).
Starting from Fairview and running through a rolling, lightly timbered country, for the first
16 miles on the east side of the Okanagan Valley. The road then crosses the Okanagan
Falls townsite and bridge to the west side, and traverses a similar country to the
Junction Ranche, where it joins the Fairview-Penticton Road. Part of the road
between Fairview and Penticton is used as the stage and mail route; also used
during the winter and spring months for hauling freight and  produce to and  from
and hay meadows.     About 30
Fairview.
Good   grazing
and
agricultural   la
settlers.
Forest cleared
200 feet, 30 feet
wide.
Filled in
640    n      4
,,
2 feet deep.
Cribbed
32    ,i      2
ii
2        ii
Ditched
950    „      2
ii
1
Graded
60    ii    12
,,
Gravelled
300    ,,      7
ii
6 inches deep.
Built culvert, 4 feet by 16 feet by 3 feet.
Repaired culvert at Okanagan Falls.
Fairview-Keremeos Road (17 miles in length).
Starting from Fairview and running through a timbered, mountainous country, and over
summit of pass between Fairview and Keremeos ; thence through open country up
Similkameen Valley to Keremeos. This road is the means of communication between
Fairview and Keremeos, and for hauling ranchers' supplies in Lower Similkameen
Valley; also to the Stemwinder and Dominion mines. The principal industries are
cattle and horse raising and farming. Good hay and grazing lands, and considerable
fruit grown. There is a saw-mill at the Stemwinder mine. About 18 settlers. The
Stemwinder mine emplovs about 40 men, and the Dominion about 20 men.
Filled in        2,290 feet,    6 feet wide, 1-1 feet deep.
Graded 500     „     14
Built        7 culverts.
Repaired 5       n
Corduroyed 75 feet, 14 feet wide.
Changed road at Morning Star mine.
Fairview-Camp McKinney Creek Road (30 miles in length).
Starts from Fairview and crosses the Okanagan Valley, through foot-hills ; open range
land, sparsely timbered ; thence through heavily timbered, mountainous country to
Camp McKinney. This road is the means of communication between Fairview,
Camp McKinney and the Boundary district. Agricultural possibilities considerable.
The Cariboo and Waterloo are the principal mines in operation at Camp McKinney,
though there are many good prospects besides. There is good timber in the neighbourhood of McCuddy's. There is an Indian reserve at Incamneep, and two settlers
live near Camp McKinney.
Renewed 15 culverts.
Corduroyed 12 feet.
Graded        390 feet, 12   feet wide.
Ditched    1,500    „      1J        „
Cleared off loose rock and generally repaired road. E 54 Public Works Report. 1904
Camp McKinney-Rock Creek Road (18 miles in length).
This road starts at Camp McKinney. The first part is mountainous and timbered as far as
Hozier's ; from there on it is an open agricultural and range district. It is the only
means of communication between Camp McKinney and the railroad terminus. Concentrates from the mines are hauled outwards and supplies inwards, Is also used by
the neighbouring ranchers, of whom there are a considerable number. All kinds of
produce are raised in large quantities, and numbers of horses and cattle. The mining
interests are represented by the Cariboo and Waterloo mines at Camp McKinney
and many good prospects. Settlers number about 20. About 80 men are employed
at the Cariboo and Waterloo mines. This is part of the mail route from Camp
McKinney to Midway.
Cleaned out and levelled up grades and renewed culverts
Anarchist Mountain Road (37 miles in length).
Commences at Sidley's and runs through agricultural, timber and range lands. This
road is used principally by farmers living in the district of Anarchist Mountain,
where a considerable amount of grain is grown, and a number of horses, cattle and
hogs are raised. About 40 families live within reach of this road. The mail is
carried twice a week to Camp McKinney and Sidley.
Alteration in road 7,920 feet long; cleaned out ditches and raised grade on outer and
lower side; repaired culverts; excavated rocks and stumps and made general
repairs.
Kettle River Road (Rock Creek to Carmi; a distance of 40 miles).
Starts from tbe junction of Rock Creek with Kettle River and runs up the valley of
Kettle River, which comprises flat and bench lands interspersed with timber. This
is the only outlet for the agricultural and mining districts of the West Fork of Kettle
River. Horses, cattle and hay are raised in this valley. The principal mines are
the Carmi and Butcher Boy. Many good prospects are being developed. About
40 settlers live in the vicinity. The mails to Beaverdell and Carmi are carried on
this road.
Repaired grades and excavated rock.
Keremeos Creek Crossing-Fish Lake Road (5 miles in length).
Starts at the Keremeos Creek Crossing, at its junction with White Lake and Keremeos
Road. The lower part of this road is through a rocky gorge widening out towards
the upper end and running through a timbered country. It connects with the
White Lake and Keremeos Road, also the Penticton and Nickel Plate Mine Road.
Considerable freight and mining supplies are hauled over for the Nickel Plate Mine
and Hedley. There are two ranches and a good range in this vicinity. There are
two settlers and an Indian reserve at the lower end of this road. The road is used
to carry the mail between Penticton, Olalla, Keremeos, Hedley and Princeton.
Gravelled 18,480 feet by 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; diverted the creek channels opposite
Ford's ranche into one main channel; cleared timber out of Keremos creek and
burnt same; blasted out rock in creek bed in order to deepen same, and prevent the
road being flooded at high water.
Keremeos-Hedley Road.
This road is 20 miles in length and starts from Keremeos. The road follows the
Similkameen Valley, through a lightly timbered and rolling country. It is a means
of communication between the town of Hedley, where large works are in course of
construction by the Nickel Plate Mining Co. A large amount of machinery has been
hauled over this road and the traffic is likely to increase. The mail from Penticton
to Hedley passes over this road. Cattle, horses, hay and fruit are raised, and agricultural pursuits carried on. The mining interests are considerable. The Nickel Plate
mine is in operation and many good prospects exist in the neighbourhood. The
Indian Reserve is close to Hedley. Number of settlers, 12. Work done consisted
of loose gravel banks cribbed; graded 300 feet, 10 feet wide; corduroyed and built
culvert near Brushy bottom; excavated rock. 4 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). E 55
Penticton-Nickel Plate Mine Road.
This road is 30 miles long and starts at Shingle Creek, two miles south of Penticton, on
the Indian Reserve, at junction with Fairview-Penticton Road. The first part is
open range land. Beyond this a timbered and mountainous country. It is a means
of communication between Penticton and the Nickel Plate Mine, and is used by
ranchers living in the district. Also part of the stage route from Penticton, Olalla,
Keremeos, Hedley and Princeton. Number of settlers, 14. Filled in wash-outs,
cribbed and widened road, excavated rock and repaired culverts.
White Lake-Keremeos Road (16 miles in length).
Starting from White Lake at its junction with the Fairview-Penticton Road. Part of
the road is used for hauling heavy freight and supplies to Olalla, Keremeos and Hedley.
It is part of the mail route between these points. The principal products are cattle,
hay, grain and fruit. The mining interests are important gold and copper properties.
A large amount of work has been done by the Olalla Gold and Copper Mining Co.
Number of settlers, about 15.
Excavated rock, 200 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet.
Repaired and built 2 culverts.
Gravelled 200 feet, 8 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Cleaned out grades and made general repairs.
Keremeos-Junction of Fairview-Osoyoos Road (via Richter's Pass; 25 miles in length).
This road starts from Keremeos and runs up the Similkameen Valley. The country consists of good bottom land along the river, open and rolling range land across the
summit of the pass between Similkameen and Okanagan Valley. The road is used
by ranchers of Anarchist Mountain when hauling supplies to Similkameen Valley,
and by adjacent settlers. Cattle, horses, hay and fruit form the principal products.
Number of settlers, about 10.
Cleaned out grades, levelled up road and made general repairs.
Fairview-Osoyoos Road (17 miles in length).
The road starts at Fairview and follows along the valley of the Okanagan. Good bottom
land for agricultural and range purposes. It is the connection between Fairview
and Oroville, in the State of Washington; also connects the former place and Anarchist
Mountain and the Boundary District. The principal industry is hay and stock-
raising.    Number of settlers, about 5.
Repaired culvert about 5 miles from Osoyoos, cleared off rocks and filled in washouts at
Teslinda Creek.
Okanagan Falls Road.
Filled at east end of bridge, 30 feet by 18 feet by 3 feet.
west end        n      440      „      20      .,      3    „
Ditched 40 feet by 12 feet.
Built culvert, 25 feet by 16 by 3 feet.
Gravelled 770 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Rip-rapped 400 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Filled in at the west abutment with rock, 25 feet by 10 feet by 5 feet.
Trail, Hedley to Nickel Plate Mine (length 5 miles).
This trail was built to connect Hedley with the Nickel Plate Mine. The country through
which it passes is rocky and precipitous. E 56 Public Works Report. 1904
Lillooet   District.
West Riding.
Lillooet-Lytton Road (22 miles).
The Lillooet-Lytton Road is the main artery of travel for West Lillooet; nearly all the
freight for the Town of Lillooet, Cayoosh Creek, Anderson Lake and the Bridge
River Mines is hauled over this road. The road enters Lillooet District at Foster's
Bar, and follows the benches of Fraser River to the bridge which spans the Fraser
near the Town of Lytton. The wayside settlers are engaged in agriculture and
stock-raising. All the hardy and semi-tropical fruits grow to perfection along this
route. The mail passes over this road twice every week from Lytton. There is also
another stage which makes two trips over the road every week.
Built a culvert near 37-mile post, 14 feet by 6 feet by 4 feet.
Built a crib near the Fraser River Bridge, 15 feet long, 8 feet high, 5 feet wide.
Made fill 10 feet long, 5 feet wide, 7 feet deep.
Cleaned out rock slides at Little Slide, and rock and gravel slides at Big Slide.
Lillooet-Lytton Road.
Excavated earth and gravel 75 feet long, 10 feet wide, 2 feet deep, to improve a turn near
25-mile post.
Cleaned out gravel slides at Big Slide, and sand slide near 29-mile post.
Made general repairs from Fraser River Bridge to Little Slide.
Cleaned out rock and gravel slides at Big Slide, and sand and gravel slides near 29-mile
post.
Excavated earth and gravel 7,314 feet, averaging 2| feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Blasted rock 669 feet, 3 feet wide, averaging 5 feet deep.
Built a crib 62 feet long, 4 feet high.
Built a crib 27 feet long, 6 feet high.
The above improvements are between the 29 and 26-mile posts.
Cleaned out mud and gravel slides at Big Slide, gravel slides near the 29-mile post, and
rock slide at Little Slide.
Cleaned out gravel slides at Big Slide, sand slide at 29-mile post,  and cleaned out loose
rocks from Little Slide to Fraser River Bridge.
Cleaned out rock and gravel slides at Big Slide, sand and gravel slides near 29-mile post,
and rock and gravel slides at Little Slide.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Fraser River Bridge to Little Slide.
Cleaned out gravel slides at Little Slide, Big Slide and near 29-mile post.
Cleaned gravel slides near Fraser River Bridge ; turned off snow water between the 45
and 37-mile posts; filled deep washouts near the 38-mile post.
Cleaned gravel slides at Little Slide,  mud and gravel slides at Big Slide, and slides
between the 30 and 27-mile posts.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and washouts and made general repairs between Fraser
River Bridge and 40-mile post.
Cleaned out slides at Big Slide.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs between the 29 and 25-mile posts.
Built a crib at Little Slide 20 feet long, 10 feet high, 8 feet wide; filled crib with rock
and gravel.
Cleaned out slides at Big Slide.
Filled ruts and made general repairs between the 36 and 29-mile posts.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs between the 40 and 37-mile posts.
Gravelled 504 feet long, 9 feet wide, 1 foot deep, near the 38-mile post.
Cleaned out mud and gravel slides at Big Slide, gravel slide near the 29-mile post, and
loose rocks between the 29 and 25-mile posts.
Cut and barked 85 crib logs near Little Slide.    These logs are to be kept in a convenient
place to be used at Little Slide or any place near there, in case of a break in any of
the bridges or cribs. 4 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (West Riding). E 57
Lillooet-Clinton Road (35 miles).
This is a part of the old Cariboo road. The mail passes over it twice every week, via the
Marble Canyon. The number of settlers along this road is 12. There are also three
large Indian reserves. The country through which the road passes is well suited for
agricultural purposes, the products being cattle, hay, grain and fruit. A large
quantity of heavy machinery for a dredger that is to be built on the Fraser River,
near the town of Lillooet, will be hauled over the road this year. All the bridges
will have to be strengthened, and nearly all the culverts renewed.
Cleaned out slides and made general repairs on both north and south sides of Pavilion
Mountain.
Built a culvert near 33-mile post.
Cleaned out loose rocks from the 21-mile post to Lillooet.
Cleaned out a gravel slide at cut-off.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Lillooet to the 17-mile post.
Cleaned out loose rocks at the 6-Mile Hill, and cleaned out big sand slide at cut-off near
Fraser River Bridge.
Cleaned out slides and loose rocks, opened out ditches, and made general repairs from
Lillooet to the 35-mile post.
Built a crib at cut-off, 30 feet long, 4 feet high; and repaired stone walls.
Cleaned out gravel slides at cut-off and loose rocks at the 5-mile post.
Cut and cleared off ice on cut-off, near Fraser River Bridge.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Fraser River Bridge to the 18-mile post.
Cleaned out gravel slides and cut out ice at cut-off, and cleaned out rock slide at the
5-mile post.
Cleaned out mud and gravel slides at cut-off.
Shovelled out snow-drifts at Six-Mile Hill.
Cleaned out rock and gravel slides at cut-off.    Shovelled out snow-drifts at Six-Mile Hill.
Cleaned out large, loose rocks between the 15-mile post and Fraser River Bridge.
Cribbed 260 feet long, 4 feet high; filled cribs with rock and gravel.
Excavated earth and gravel 975 feet long, averaging 7 feet high, 4 feet wide. Sloped
high banks, cleaned out rock and gravel slides, and built a culvert 6 feet wide at
cut-off near Fraser River Bridge.
Cleaned out slides, filled washouts and made general surface repairs from cut-off to the
17-mile post.
Turned off snow water south side of Pavilion Mountain, and cleaned off loose rocks.
Turned off snow water, filled washouts and made general repairs to road across Pavilion
Mountain.
Cleaned out loose rocks, filled washouts and made general repairs from the 21 to the 17-
mile post.
Cleaned out a gravel slide at cut-off near Fraser River Bridge.
Cleaned out old waggon road above the cut-off, so that the heavy machinery for dredger
can be hauled over it; distance, about 2 miles.
Put 2 new stringers under culvert near 7-mile post. Widened out turn near 14-Mile
Creek; and built 3 new culverts between the 15 and 11-mile posts.
Marble Canyon Road (about 16 miles long).
This road connects with the Lillooet-Clinton Road at the 22-mile post, on the south side
of Pavilion Mountain, and follows Marble Canyon to Hat Creek. The mail from
Ashcroft to Lillooet passes over this road twice every week. The road is in good
condition.
Forest cleared 12,300 feet, 8 feet wide.
Cleaned out gravel slides, dug out rocks and made general repairs from Pavilion to Hat
Creek.
Repaired washouts, filled mud holes, and made general repairs from Pavilion to Blue Lake.
Cleaned out loose rocks from the 22-mile post to the Grange.
Cleaned out loose rocks from the 22-mile post to Hat Creek.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, and made general repairs from the 22-mile post to Hat
Creek. E 58 Public Works Report. 1904
Pemberton Portage Road (24 miles long).
This road is a part of the old Cariboo system and connects Anderson Lake and Pemberton
Lake. The country is thickly wooded and there is some good timber along this
route. The road to Pemberton Meadows turns off at the Birkenhead River Bridge,
about 5 miles from Pemberton Lake. A good deal of repairs is needed to make the
road safe for traffic.
Cleaned out gravel slides near 3-mile post.
Cut out fallen timber and brush, and cleaned out loose rocks from Anderson Lake to
Birkenhead River Bridge.
Cut out log-jam on Portage Creek.
Corduroyed 90 feet with split cedar, 6 inches thick.
Cut out fallen timber and made general repairs from Birkenhead River Bridge to Halfway House.
Pemberton Meadows.
A good deal of work has been done on the Upper Lillooet route from time to time; but
there is nothing there at the present time worthy of the name of road. Pemberton
Meadows extend from Pemberton Lake for a distance of over 25 miles, by about 1^
miles wide. Within this area is found some of the finest land in the Province.
There is very little land under cultivation at the present time, a great deal of it being
held by speculators. A good waggon road the entire length of the valley would be
the means of bringing in new settlers and developing the country.
Lillooet-Seaton Lake Road (3| miles).
This road connects the town of Lillooet with Seaton Lake, and is the gateway to Brid.ge
River and Anderson Lake mines ; also the farming sections of Pemberton Portage
and Pemberton Meadows.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Lillooet to Seaton Lake.
Cleaned out gravel slides at hill near Indian Reserve.
Metalled 96 feet, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cleaned out gravel slides and loose rocks from Lillooet to Seaton Lake.
Cleaned out gravel slides near Seaton Lake.
Cleaned slides, filled ruts, and made general repairs.
Turned off snow water and cleaned mud slides.
Excavated sand and gravel, 407 feet long, 4 feet wide, 11 feet deep; sloped high banks,
and made general repairs.
Cleaned out loose rocks.
Hoey-Dickey Road (about 12 miles).
This road connects with the Seaton Lake Road, at Cayoosh Creek Bridge, and runs through
some good farming land. It gives an outlet to 7 farmers, allowing them transportation for their cattle and agricultural produce.
Gravelled 485 feet long, 9 feet wide, 1 foot deep, near the 8-mile post.
Ditched 600 feet, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cleaned out slides and made general repairs from the 10 to the 11-mile post.
Cleaned out slides near the 2-mile post.
Cleaned out loose rocks from the 2-mile post to Hoey's ranch.
Cleaned out gravel slides near Riley Creek, and cleared out loose rock from Riley Creek
to Cayoosh Creek Bridge.
Cleaned out rock slide near Indian Reserve, and loose rocks near the 5-mile post.
Cleaned out slides, filled washouts and made general surface repairs from Cayoosh Creek
Bridge to Dickey's Ranch.
Seaton Lake Trail (18 miles long).
This trail runs the full length of Seaton Lake. It is used by miners going up Bridge
River, and by settlers who live at Pemberton. A large number of Indians use this
trail. 4 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (West Riding). E 59
Cribbed    80 feet, 3 feet high.
Filled in  50    n    2 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Built rock wall near 8-mile point, 20 feet long, 6 feet high.
Made general repairs from the 8-mile point to foot of lake.
Cleaned out rock slide near the 7-mile post.
Cleaned out rock slide near the 8-mile post, and cleaned out loose rocks the entire length
of trail.
Cleaned out loose rock from foot of lake to 4-mile point.
Cleaned out slides, removed loose rocks, and made general repairs from foot of lake to
Mission.
Anderson Lake Trail (20 miles long).
This trail runs the full length of Anderson Lake.    Supplies for McGillivary Creek Mines
pass over it, and it is also used by the settlers on Pemberton Portage and Pemberton
Meadows.
Built a crib near Roaring Creek, 30 feet long, 20 feet high, and repaired stone walls.
Cut out fallen timber, cleaned out slides and made general repairs the entire length of
the trail.
Cut out fallen timber and cleaned out loose rocks from foot of lake to McGillivary Creek.
Cleaned out loose rock from foot of lake to head of same.
Cleaned out slides and made general repairs from foot of lake to Roaring Creek.
Cut out brush 16,000 feet long, 6 feet wide, between head of lake and McGillivary Creek.
Trail, West Side- of Fraser River (about 75 miles long).
This trail begins near the town of Lillooet and follows the west side of Fraser River to
McEwan's Ranch, in Empire Valley. The trail follows the benches of the Fraser.
Wayside settlers number 14, who are engaged in agriculture and stock-raising.
Made general repairs from Pavilion Ferry to High Bar.
Improved the trail to Pavilion Ferry on both east and west sides of Fraser River.
Repaired crib at Black Hill and cleaned out loose rocks from Pavilion Ferry to Lillooet.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Bridge River Bridge to High Bar.
Trail, mouth of Bridge River to North Fork (15 miles long).
This trail connects with the west side of Fraser River Trail at Bridge River Bridge. All
the mining supplies for the hydraulic mines at North Fork pass over it. The trail
passes through an Indian Reserve for a distance of 14 miles. There is some land on
North Fork suitable for agriculture and stock-raising.
Cleaned out gravel slides and made general repairs from Bridge River Bridge to North
Fork.
Cleaned out loose rocks from Bridge River Bridge to 14-Mile Creek.
Gang Ranch Road (about 6 miles).
This road connects with the Canoe Creek Road at Churn Creek Ferry.
Excavated clay 1,035 feet long, 10 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Excavated clay and gravel 366 feet long, 10 feet wide, 11 feet deep.
Made a ditch 320 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
(The above work is near Gaspard Creek Bridge.)
Cleaned out slides and made general repairs from Gang Ranch to Churn Creek Ferry.
Cut down pitch at ferry landing 84 feet long, 3 feet deep, 25 feet wide.
Cleaned out road to winter crossing near Churn Creek Ferry.
Cleaned out slides, filled washouts, and made general repairs from Churn Creek Ferry to
Gang Ranch.
Wycott Road (about 12 miles long).
The Wycott Road connects with the Gang Ranch Road at the Gang Ranch.    The road
is used by Wycott and prospectors going up to the placer mines of St. Mary' Creek.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs to the whole road. E 60 Public Works Report. 1904
Empire Valley Road (about 11 miles).
The Empire Valley Road extends from Churn Creek Ferry to McEwan's Ranch.    Very
little freight passes over this road, as all the settlers are engaged in stock-raising,
for which the country is well adapted.
Excavated earth and gravel 1,800 feet, 6 feet wide, 1 foot deep, near the 105-mile post.
Excavated earth 300 feet long, 6 feet wide, 2 feet deep, near the 104-mile post.
This road, for a distance of about 3 miles, was built on a side slope, which was changed
by raising the lower side, and the road is now on a uniformly level surface.
Built a crib, 10 feet long, 4 feet high, near the 97-mile post.
Cleaned out mud slides at Coal Pit and made general repairs over the whole road.
Bridge River Road (about 60 miles long).
This road, which is known as the Bridge River Road, is merely a trail on a waggon road
grade. It begins at the Mission, on Seaton Lake, rises up Mission Mountain, then
follows the valley of Bridge River to Sucker Creek. The trail leaves the main
Bridge River near Sucker Creek, climbs a high bench, and then onward on a good
grade to the Cadwallader Creek mines. Part of the country through which the trail
passes is well adapted for stock-raising. There is a very good summer range, but
cattle would have to be fed during the winter months.
Cleaned out gravel slides and loose rocks from Tyaxon Creek to Gun Creek.
Cut out fallen timber and cleaned out loose rocks from Gun Creek to Sucker Creek.
Repaired corduroy near Sucker Creek Ferry.
Made general repairs from Brett's Bluff to Ward's Ferry.
Bridge River Road.
Filled washouts near Jones' ranch.
Cleaned out gravel slides and loose rocks from Ward's Ferry to Gun Creek.
Made general repairs from Sucker Creek to Lorne Mine.
Built a new piece of trail, 4 feet wide, about 2 miles long, between Sucker Creek and
Gun Creek.
Cut out fallen timber, cleaned out loose rock and gravel  slides from   Sucker  Creek  to
Tyaxon Creek.
Made general repairs from Tyaxon Creek to Ward's Ferry.
Shovelled out 3 miles of snow, about 6 feet deep, across Mission Mountain.
East Riding.
Cariboo Main Trunk Road, Sections 3 and 4 (Ashcroft to 132-mile post, 132 miles).
The road from Ashcroft traverses the Thompson and Bonaparte valleys and Cut-Off
Valley, and over the Green Timber Plateau above Clinton to Lac La Hache Valley,
following same to the 132-mile post. Wayside settlers number 53, engaged principally in agriculture, stock-raising and dairying. The mails for Barkerville and way
places are carried over this road semi-weekly in summer and weekly in winter.
Freight from Ashcroft is hauled over this road for the 150-Mile House, which
includes Bullion, Quesnel Forks, Horse Fly, Chilcotin, and to all points from the
150-Mile House to Barkerville.
Work performed during the year between the 52nd and 95-mile posts :—
wide.
i,
ii 1J feet deep.
ii 13 inches deep.
i,
ii 1 foot deep.
ii 8 inches deep.
ii 1 foot deep.
Made 7 culverts, averaging 24 feet long, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made general repairs between Ashcroft and the 132-mile post.
Underbrush cut
43,540 feet, 30
Ditched and turnpiked
26,350    n     24
Ditched
8,340    „      3
Gravelled
26,180    „    16
Old gravel rounded up
15,840    „
Grubbed
5,760    „      6
Excavated
5,390    „      4
Filled in
860    „    10
Graded
1,230    „      4 4 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (East Riding). E 61
Clinton-Alkali Road, via 44-mile post, Main Trunk Road (Clinton to Springhouse, 97 miles).
Leaving the 44-mile post, the road traverses a comparatively level country to the 60-mile
post; thence over rolling hills to Canoe Creek Valley; thence down the valley and
over Canoe Creek and Dog Creek Mountains to Alkali Lake Valley, and thence to
the high tableland at Springhouse. Wayside settlers number 15, who are engaged
in agriculture and stock-raising. All the freight from Ashcroft for Canoe Creek,
Empire Valley, Gang Ranch, Dog Creek and Alkali Lake goes over this road. Mails
for Big Bar, Dog Creek, Gang Ranch, and Alka'i Lake go via this route.
Work performed during the year between the 44 and 85-mile posts :—
deep.
Forest cleared
30,520 feet,
20 feet wide
Graded
7,920    „
4
II
Excavated earth
11,220    „
3*
ll
\{ feet
Filled in, earth and rock
1,380    „
8*
„
10 inches
Ditched
4,060    „
n
11
1 foot
Gravelled
7,200    „
9
11
10 inches
Dug up rocks
8,250    m
8
II
Grubbed
2,350    ,i
7
11
Made 4 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Clinton-Alkali Road, via Kelly's Lake (Clinton to Indian Meadows, 44J miles).
The road from Clinton follows Cut-Off Valley to Kelly's Lake; thence along Kelly Creek
Valley and over a high rolling tableland to the junction of the road with the Clinton-
Alkali road via the 44-mile post, Main Trunk Road.
Work performed during the year:—
Forest cleared 9,750 feet, 20 feet wide.
Dug up boulders    8,800    n      8 n
Excavated earth       760    n      4        m 1J feet deep.
Gravelled 640    n      9        h        10 inches deep.
Canoe Creek-Churn Creek Ferry Road (11 miles).
This road intersects the Clinton-Alkali Road at Canoe Creek House and follows the
benches of Fraser River to the Ferry;   thence connecting with the roads to Empire
Valley, Gang Ranch and Hanceville.
Work performed during the year :—
Excavated earth and gravel 1,470 feet, 4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
ii ii 200    i.    4        ,, 8 feet deep.
Filled in deep washouts and made general repairs.
Hat Creek Road (Hat Creek to Marble Canyon, 14 miles).
Graded 1,840 feet,    3 feet wide.
Excavated 1,420    n      3        n 1 foot deep.
Filled in 65    „      6 1
Gravelled 140    n      8        n 10 inches deep.
Underbrush cut 9,850    n    10        n        each side of road.
Made general repairs throughout.
Upper Hat Creek Road (Marble Canyon to Pococks, 12 miles).
Road follows the valley of Hat Creek.    The valley is a succession of rolling hills, covered
with bunch-grass and scattering timber.    There are 6 settlers engaged in agriculture
and stock-raising.
Filled ruts and washouts and made general surface repairs.
Underbrush cut   1,850 feet, 10 feet wide, each side of road.
Excavated earth      650    n      2'        n 1 foot deep.
Grubbed 400    ,,      8
Big Bar Road (Mountain House to Big Bar; 12 miles).
This road connects with the Clinton-Alkali Road, via Kelly's Lake, and follows Big Bar
Creek to the settlement on the benches of Fraser River. There are 4 settlers
engaged in farming and stock-raising. A mail is carried over the road, weekly,
during the year. E 62 Public Works Report. 1904
Underbrush cut 5,300 feet, 25 feet wide.
Ditched 1,450    „      2        „        14 feet deep.
Excavated 820    ,,      3 „ l|        ■■
Made general repairs to road.
Raphael's to Pigeon and Meason's Road (40 miles).
The country traversed is comparatively level the entire distance, and, with the exception
of the Dog Creek Valley and Dog Creek Mountain, is covered with timber. Being
on a high elevation no farming is carried on, but it is a good grazing section. By this
road the distance from Clinton to Alkali Lake is shortened 8 miles, avoiding the
detour via Dog Creek.
Forest cleared      6,550 feet, 20 feet wide.
Excavated 480    n      3        n 1 foot deep.
Dug up boulders 7,760    m      8        n
Grubbed 2,480    n      8
Filled ruts and made general repairs.
Bridge Creek-Canim Lake Road (24 miles).
Connects with Main Trunk Road at Bridge Creek and follows its valley to Canim Lake.
The country traversed is level and covered with grass and scattering timber.
Excavated 550 feet, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in earth   240    n    8 n 10 inches deep.
Made general surface repairs.
Upper Dog Creek Road (Dog Creek to Big Lake, 22 miles).
Connects with Clinton-Alkali Road at Dog Creek and follows the valley of Dog Creek to
Big Lake. This section is for the greater part sloping hills and mountains, covered
with bunch-grass and scattering timber. There are 5 settlers engaged in farming
and stock-raising.
Excavated earth      1,860 feet, 3 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in 285    „    7        „ 1
Graded 1,200    m    3        n
Filled in washouts and ruts, and made general repairs.
Dog Creek-Churn Creek Ferry Trail (6 miles).
This trail intersects the Clinton-Alkali Road on top of hill south of Dog Creek, and
thence extends over a rough broken country to the Fraser at the ferry. The mail
for Gang Ranch and Empire Valley are carried over this trail. To avoid a detour,
via Canoe Creek, of 24 miles, it is proposed to construct a waggon road on line of
present trail.
Excavated earth 1,450 feet, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 85    „    3 „ 1 foot deep.
Mound-Upper Bonaparte Road (16 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road at the 36-mile post and extends to and up the valley of
the Bonaparte, traversing rolling hills covered with bunch-grass and scattering timber.
There are 3 settlers engaged in farming and stock-raising.
Cleared off rocks, filled washouts and ruts, and made general surface repairs.
North Bonaparte Road (70-Mile House to Bonaparte River, 20 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road at the 70-Mile House and traverses, for the greater part, .
a comparatively level tableland covered with bunch-grass and scattering timber.
This road is the outlet for the settlers on the North Bonaparte.
Forest cleared        32,600 feet, 20 feet wide.
Excavated earth      1,450    n      3 n 1J feet deep.
Filled in      „ 280    „      7        „        1
70-Mile House-Green Lake Road (12 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road at 70-Mile House and extends north-east over a level
grazing country to Green Lake. 4 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Southern Division). E 63
Dug up rocks 920 feet, 8 feet wide.
Excavated      860    n    3        n 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge 45    n    by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Underbrush cut 1,400 feet, 20 feet wide.
70-Mile House-Raphael's (15 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road near the 70-Mile House and traverses a level grazing
country to its intersection with the Clinton-Alkali Road near Raphael's.
Underbrush cut 10,640 feet, 20 feet wide.
Excavated earth 760    n      3|      n 1 foot deep.
Filled in earth and rock 165     n       7 n 10 inches deep.
Dug up rocks 1,250    n       7 n
Rayson Road (14 miles).
This road extends from the Clinton Hill north over a level country, intersecting the
Clinton-Alkali Road at the 51-mile post. There are 3 settlers, engaged in hay and
stock-raising.
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Made general surface repairs.
Upper Deadman Creek Road (14 miles).
Extends from the boundary of Yale District to Tobacco Flat. The valley is well adapted
for farming and hay-growing in particular. The surrounding country is covered
with bunch-grass on which thousands of cattle pasture.
Excavated earth 265 feet, 2 feet wide, 1 \ feet deep.
Filled in ruts and washouts and made general repairs.
Cariboo District.
Southern Division.
Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
This road, of which 38 miles is in the Southern Division of Cariboo District, extends from
Ashcroft through an agricultural, cattle and mining country to Barkerville, a total
length of about 268 miles. It is the mail, stage and freight route to all points in
East Lillooet and Cariboo Districts.
Forest cleared 12,699 lin. feet.
Grubbed 99      ,.
Graded 136      n
Ditched 8,490
Corduroyed 684      n
Earth excavated 312      u
Filled in 345      „
Metalled 105      ,,
Gravelled 12,695
Built 6 culverts, averaging 21 feet long by 4 feet by 3 feet.
Six miles of road now completed between the 150-Mile House and the Mountain House,
where the road to Quesnel Forks leaves the main road.
Loose rocks were removed from roadway between the south line of Cariboo and the
Mountain House.
Made general repairs to Soda Creek Hill. E 64 Public Works Report. 1904
158-Mile and Quesnel Forks Road.
This road is 48 miles in length.    It passes through an agricultural and mining country,
timbered and hilly, to the Forks of Quesnel, whence a trail continues up the North
Fork of Quesnel River to various mines.
Forest cleared 31,704 lin. feet
Grubbed 630
Ditched 6,520      n
Corduroyed 45      n
Filled in 495      „
Gravelled 3,315 ;    n
Removed rocks and filled ruts for a distance of 25| miles.
Built 11 culverts, averaging 17 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet.      Size of timber used from  10
inches to 20 inches.
Made general repairs on the Quesnel Forks Hill.
150-Horsefly Road.
This road is 35 miles in length and starts at the 150-Mile House.     It is the mail and
freight route to the Horsefly Mines.   Portions of the land are suitable for agricultural
purposes, the remainder being low and swampy.
Forest cleared   2,730 lin. feet.
Grubbed 1,140      „
Graded 840      ,i
Corduroyed 54      n
Excavated rock 1,251       n
Filled in 585      „
Built 6 culverts, averaging 20 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet; timber for same, from 6 inches
to 18 inches.
150-Mile House, Quesnel Forks and Battle Creek Road.
Graded 525 lin. feet.
Ditched 75       n
Excavated rock 159      n
Filled in 168      „
Built 2 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet; timber for same, from 10 inches
to 15 inches.
Beaver Lake Valley-Horsefly Road.
This road starts from Beaver Lake and is  26  miles in length.    It passes  through an
agricultural and mining country.
Forest cleared 29,085 lin. feet.
Graded 9,213      „
Built 2 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet; timber for same, from 8 inches to
12 inches.
108-Horsefly Road.
Starts from the Half-way House, is 26 miles in length, and passes through an agricultural
and timbered country.    Freight is the principal traffic.
Forest cleared    12,926 lin. feet.
Grubbed 300
Graded 2,400
Ditched 207
Excavated rock 4
Stoned 46
Gravelled 180
Built 14 culverts, averaging 24 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet; timber used, from 10 inches to
15 inches.
Bridge Road.
This road starts 2 miles south-west of Isnardy's, and is 7 miles in length, through an
agricultural district. 4 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Northern Division). E 65
Forest cleared      3,726 lin. feet.
Graded 18,753
Cribbed 240
Excavated earth     396      n
Filled in 210      „ *
Made 8 culverts, averaging 20 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet (timber used from 10 inches to 18
inches).
Williams Lake-Chimney Creek Road.
This road was started at the 150-Mile House, is 20 miles in length, and passes through an
agricultural country.    It is the mail and freight route.
General repairs were carried on between Williams Lake Creek and the summit of Chimney
Creek Mountain.
Alkali Lake Road.
The starting point is from the Main Trunk Road, one mile south of the 150-Mile House.
It passes through an agricultural and timbered country for a distance of 25 miles.
Brushed out road for its entire length and repaired 4 bridges.
Knife Creek Road.
This road starts at the 141-Mile House and passes through an agricultural country for a
distance of 24 miles.
Quesnel Forks-Quesnel Lake Road.
Starting point, Quesnel Lake ; length of road, 7 miles. It runs through a mining country.
Three mines are in operation. Shovelled out slides and loose rocks. Removed fallen
timber.
Horsefly River-Eureka Creek Trail.
This trail starts from Patenaude's ranch and is 60 miles long, passing through a mining
and agricultural country.
Forest cleared 316,800 lin. feet.
Graded 2,100
Corduroyed 2,109      u
Quesnel Forks-Keithley and Barkerville Trail.
Starts from Quesnel Forks and passes through an agricultural and mining country.    It is
the mail route to Keithley Creek.
Forest cleared      180 lin. feet.
Graded 300      n
Corduroyed 60      u
Excavated earth 870       n
Filled in 105
Made 22 culverts, averaging 8 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet (timber used from 6 inches to 12
inches.)
Spanish Creek Trail.
Starting point, 6 miles north of Quesnel Forks.    This trail is 5| miles in length and is
used as the mail route.    It passes through a mining country.
Chopped and cleared out trail for entire distance.
Northern Division.
Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
The portion of the Trunk Road in the Northern Division of Cariboo extends from Soda
Creek, on the Fraser, to Barkerville, a distance of about 116 miles. The first section
runs parallel with the Fraser for a distance of 56 miles to Quesnel, on timbered,
bench, clay land, suitable for agriculture. There are 20 farms under cultivation
along this portion of the road.    On both sides of the Fraser placer mining is carried E 66 Public Works Report. 1904
on to some extent. At Quesnel the road leaves the Fraser and passes through a
wooded, mountainous country, traversed by deep gulleys, to Barkerville, a distance
of 60 miles. There are five or six farms under cultivation between these points.
From Barkerville roads and trails branch out in many directions, connecting the
numerous mining properties with the main road.
Forest cleared 50,403 feet, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,785    „      6
2|      ii        (average.)
7        ii        6 feet deep.
9 ii 7 ii (average).
9 ii        9 inches deep.
18
5        ii      15 feet high.
12        n 3 inches deep.
Ditched 18,708
Earth excavation      645
ii     filling 855
Gravelled 25,860
Graded 3,250
Cribbed 525
Macadamised 150
Removed slides and loose stones from road.
Made 10 culverts, averaging 40 feet long, 18 feet wide, 3^ feet deep.
„      6        ii n        30        ,i 18        ,. 2|        I,
2        i, ii        20        n 8
M      3        ii ii        16        ii        16        H        4 ii
Breakwater at Cottonwood River Bridge repaired.
Eight-Mile Lake and Stewart Creek Road.
This road starts from Main Trunk Road 3 miles below Barkerville and runs through a
mountainous and swampy country; accommodates 12 mining companies. .   -
Removed large land slides and fallen timbers, cleaned ditches and repaired culvert.
Corduroyed 235 feet in length, 12 feet wide.
Slough Creek Road.
This road starts from the Main Trunk Road and extends 2 miles down Slough Creek,
over flat and good ground ; accommodates 5 mining companies.
Stoned    1,150 feet, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Gravelled  200    n    10        h        8 inches deep.
Dragon Creek Road.
This road extends 4 miles from Slough  Creek Road,  through mountainous,  wooded and
swampy country; accommodates 3 mining companies and prospectors.
Forest cleared      3,796 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,119    ,,    10        ,,
Graded 2,166    „    10
Excavated earth     171    n    (cubic).
Made 17 culverts, averaging 51 feet, 12 feet wide.
Lowhee Creek Road.
Extends 2 miles from the Stanley-Barkerville Old Road through side steep hill; accorn -
modates 6 mining companies.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, repaired culverts, opened ditches, and made general repairs.
Jack of Clubs Creek Road.
This road starts 1 mile from Jack of Clubs Lake from the Main Trunk Road, and extends
3 miles to Jack of Clubs Creek, through swampy country; accomodates 3 mining
companies.
Forest cleared 4,021 feet, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,021     „      8        „
Graded 382    „      8
Corduroyed 54    ii       8 n
Burns Mountain Road.
This road extends 4 miles from the Stanley-Barkerville old road; accommodates one
quartz mining company.
Removed fallen timber and filled ruts. 4 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Northern Division). E 67
Canadian Creek Road.
This road starts at the 4-Mile Post on the Grouse Creek Road, and extends 2 miles down
Canadian Creek through rocky ground ; accommodates one hydraulic mining company.
Removed large rocks from road bed.
Bear Lake and Goat River Trail.
This trail is mountainous, wooded and swampy; 75 miles from Bear Lake to Fraser
River; accommodates prospectors and trappers.
Cut and removed fallen timber from off the trail.
Pleasant Valley Road.
This road is 1 mile from Barkerville and extends 2 miles up Pleasant Valley Creek.
Forest cleared 1£ miles, 4 feet wide.
Grouse, Antler and Cunningham Creek Road.
This road starts from Barkerville and extends 18 miles to Cunningham Creek, through
wooded, mountainous and swampy country; accommodates 15 mining companies.
Grubbed 2,700 feet,    3 feet wide.
Graded
1,500    ,
5
Ditched
2,400    ,
1
Corduroyed
30    ,
14
Cribbed
540    i
5 feet high.
Filled in
800    ,
4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made 6 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 10 feet.
Mosquito and Hardscrabble Creek.
This road starts from the Main Trunk Road at the Jack of Clubs Lake, and extends 6
miles to Hardscrabble Creek, through flat, muddy soil; accommodates 3 mining companies.
Forest cleared 900 feet, 5 feet wide.
Excavated earth     900    n    5        n 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 1,500    n    8 n 8 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 9 feet by 14 feet.
Stanley-Barkerville Old Road.
This road leaves the Main Trunk Road at Stanley,  14 miles from Barkerville.    The
country is mountainous and wooded.    Used for light traffic during the summer.
Forest cleared 200 feet,    6 feet wide.
Corduroyed      100    >.     12
Filled in 30    n      6 n        4 feet deep.
Made 4 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 14 feet.
Removed stones from road bed ; filled in ruts and washout; made general surface repairs.
Baker-Duclos Road.
Four miles long ; accommodates 4 farmers.    Made general repairs.
Omineca Trail.
Accommodates packers and prospectors.    Cut out fallen timber.
Quesnel River Road, North Side (8| miles).
Accommodates miners.
Forest cleared 8 miles, 8 feet wide.
Graded 2,100 feet,    3        „
Cribbed 204    „      3
Excavated earth 150    n      2        u
Metalled 2,100    „      8        „
Made 4 culverts, 8 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet deep. E 68 Public Works Report. 1904
Harrison-Beaver River Road (16 miles in length).
Accommodates miners and prospectors.
Constructed 400 feet new road, 8 feet wide.
Sunnyside Farm Road (5 miles in length).
Accommodates 5 farmers.
Cleaned slides, removed rocks from road bed, filled washout and ruts.
Mud Lake Road (7 miles in length).
Accommodates 4 farmers.
Cleaned slides, removed rocks from road bed and made general surface repairs.
Alexandria-Beaver Lake Road (length, 28 miles).
The country through which this road runs is woody and swampy.    Part of the branch
road to Quesnel Forks.
Corduroyed     390 feet, 12 feet wide.
Metalled     16,200    ,.      8        „
Springfield Farm Road (length, 7 miles).
Graded 1,100 feet,   9 feet wide.
Ditched 10,500    „      2
Excavated earth       1,828 square feet.
Filled in 300
Gravelled 1,800    n       6 n 6 inches deep.
Chilcotin Main Road (length, 135 miles).
Starts from the Soda Creek Ferry and follows the Chilcotin River, being the mail route.
Forest cleared 15,840 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 500    ,,      8
Ditched 200    „      2
Metalled 20 miles, 8
Removed fallen timber and land slides and made general repairs.
Durelle Road, Chilcotin (length, 3 miles).
Graded 1_| miles, 6 feet wide.
Loon Lake Road to Chilcotin (length, 2 miles).
Removed large stones from roadbed for two miles.
Chimney Creek Road (length, 5 miles).
This road starts from the Chimney Creek Ferry and extends to the main Chilcotin road.
Filled in large washout; cut and removed fallen timber. 4 Ed. 7 Cassiar District (Omineca Division). E 69
Cassiar  District.
Omineca Division.
Hazelton-Manson Trail and Manson-Peace River Trail.
The Hazelton-Manson Trail has never been surveyed or measured, but the approximate
length is about 196 miles. There is a branch trail from Tom to Vital Creek of 14
miles. The starting point of the trail is at Hazelton, a village situate at the forks
of the Skeena River, the head of steamboat navigation. Hazelton is the shipping
or distributing point for all supplies destined for the Omineca Mining Division, as
well as all Hudson Bay posts in the interior of what was once known as the District
of New Caledonia. This trail is also the mail route to Babine, Tom, Vital, German-
sen, Manson and other camps in the Omineca. The nature of the country traversed
by the Hazelton-Manson Trail is very diversified, running as it does almost due east
and west, crossing three ranges of mountains with their intervening valleys. The
country can certainly be classed as rough, and was at one time covered with a growth
of pine and spruce of good size and quality, but forest fires have of late years overrun the whole district, and at present for miles in all directions nothing but dead
timber, standing or fallen, with a mass of undergrowth, willow and alder, is to be
seen. For the first 35 miles east of Hazelton the trail follows the valleys of the
Bulkley and Sustoot or Bear rivers, and is hilly, deep gulches running down the
mountain sides into these streams. From the 35-mile point the trail gradually rises
to the summit of the Babine Mountain, and from this point (35 miles) to Babine, a
distance of 21 miles, the worst portion of the trail is met with. From Babine the
trail passes through green timber for the greater portion of the way and is consequently wet, until the foot of the Fire-Pan Mountain is reached, when burned
country is again met with, which continues until the west shore of Tacla Lake is
reached. The lake at this point is about 2 miles in width. A good scow ferry is
operated by an Indian, built at his own expense, and a very good service maintained.
From the east shore of the lake on to Tom Creek, a distance of 24 miles, the country
is more or less burned and is covered by second growth pine, spruce and willow.
From Tom creek on to Manson the country has been swept by fire, and each year a
great quantity of fallen timber has to be cut out.
During the season, fallen timber was cut out on the trail so that pack-trains could get
through to Manson.
Up to 1901 all repairs done on this trail consisted of building corduroys over the worst
mudholes, and cutting out fallen timber. Since that year a system of drainage has
been carried on wherever feasible, and no more corduroy than was absolutely necessary has been built. Ditching is much more permanent than corduroy and makes a
better trail.
This season 4 men and 3 horses were employed from the commencement of June until the
20th September, and the repairs consisted of 6,061 lineal feet of new ditching, thus
doing away with 923 feet of corduroy; fallen timber, roots and stumps were cut out,
and 21 culverts built; 8 bridges were constructed over streams aggregating 208
lineal feet. The bridge built this season, over the South Fork of Germansen Creek,
is 100 feet long. All approaches to corduroys have been repaired and 90 feet of new
corduroy built. A great deal of side-hill grading has also been done this season.
On account of the dry weather last year, the trail this spring was found to be in
very good condition, but the tremendous amount of rainfall during the past summer
and the very heavy traffic on the trail has been the cause of cutting it up, and this
fall it was found to be very soft and muddy. It will require a great deal of work
to be done upon it next season to place it in condition for the increased amount of
traffic which will, without doubt, pass over it.
The building of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (which road, irrespective of whatever
pass is chosen, will run through the Omineca Division) has begun already to bring
prospectors into the district, and next season there promises to be a rush of prospectors to locate quartz, as well as placer, claims. E 70 Public Works Report. 1904
Manson-Peace River Trail.
A start was made to locate and lay out a trail from Manson to the confluence of the
Findlay and Parsnip rivers, by way of the valley of the Manson Creek or River.
Four men and three horses were employed for this work, the men furnishing all camp
outfit and tools, so that the appropriation of $700 was spent in actual work and
provisions. Thirty days were occupied at this work. The trail laid out has a very
good bottom for nearly the entire distance, and will be easily kept in repair, as for
the most part it follows gravel benches on the north side of Manson Creek. The
trail is now located and partially cut out to within about 9 miles of the confluence
of the Findlay and Parsnip rivers, or the headwaters of the Peace River. Provisions and the appropriation having run out, the remainder could not be completed.
The approximate distance from Manson to the Peace River by this new trail is 80
miles, over 71 of which loaded pack-animals can now be taken. The distance from
Manson to the same point by the old route, via Stuart Lake and Fort McLeod, is
326 miles, the new trail bringing the Peace River, with its tributaries, 146 miles
nearer the Recording and Gold Commissioner's Office at Manson.
Stikine Division.
Telegraph Creek-Dease Lake Trail (73 miles in length).    Used for mining and trading
purposes.
The Thibert Creek Mining Company, of Thibert Creek, employs 25 men and about 40
others are engaged in mining and prospecting on the several creeks in the district.
To supply the mining and trading centers,  no less than  112,000 Bis. of freight is
annually packed in over this trail.
Cut out and cleared off brush and fallen timber.
Repaired corduroy and culverts.
Cleaned out drains and ditches.
Shovelled out grades.
Cut out and cleared off brush and windfalls.
Corduroyed 204 feet, 5 feet wide.
Removed loose stones from portions of trail.
Ditched 50 feet, 1 foot wide by 11 feet deep,
Corduroyed 481 feet 5 feet wide.
Cut out windfalls.
Built 75 feet of cribbing to support side of grade on trail, north side of Tooyea River.
Corduroyed 104 feet, 5 feet wide.
Removed boulders from bluff overhanging Tooyea Bridge.
Cut out and removed windfalls.
Cleaned out loose stones and made surface repairs.
Cleaned ditches and culverts.
Made 8 culverts.
Corduroyed 108 feet, 5 feet wide.
Cut out surface roots.
Ditched 66 feet, 1| feet by 2 feet.
Removed loose stones from trail.
Road from Town up Telegraph Creek.
This road is the only one which can be used for waggon traffic.    It is the commencement
of the road to Glenora, and is used for hauling firewood and building materials from
the forest to the town.
Made necessary repairs.
Glenora-Telegraph Creek Road.
This road, though seldom used, is necessary to be kept in repair, as waggons have to pass
over it at times when water communication between the two places is not practicable.
Cut out and cleared off brush and fallen timber.
Shovelled out grades on 4-Mile and 6-Mile Creek hills.
Cleaned up grade on hill between Old Glenora and Hudson's Bay Co.'s store.
Built 200 yards of new road at the back of Sawmill Lake, to avoid a soft piece of road.
Built I culvert, 10 feet by 8 feet. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Revelstoke Riding). E 71
McDame Creek Trail.
This trail commences at the mouth of McDame Creek and follows its course as far as
Quartz Creek, a distance of 24 miles.    It is used for transporting miners' supplies.
General repairs were made, placing the trail in a passable condition.
Telegraph Creek Division.
Telegraph Creek—Head of Dease Lake Trail  78 miles.
ii          —Glenora Trail     12 h
Glenora—Telegraph Creek Waggon Road  14 n
Telegraph Creek—Teslin Lake Trail  158 n
Head of Dease Lake—McDame Creek Trail  90 u
Trail up McDame Creek  24 n
Trail up Thibert Creek  14 .,
Trail up Dease Creek  6 n
Telegraph-Creek Ashcroft Trail.
This trail is of little importance at present, but may become useful in the near future for
the transportation of prospectors' supplies from this place out to the head-waters of
Stikine River. The Dominion Government Public Works Department has a trail
extending south from Telegraph Creek, which was used for the construction of the
telegraph line, and which is now used by the employees along the line in keeping the
line in repair and for the packing out annually of the year's supplies for the men
operating the line. In time this trail might become of some importance to the
Province, as providing a means for prospectors and their supplies getting into the
country lying between Telegraph Creek and the head-waters of the Naas River.
West Kootenay District.
Revelstoke Riding.
Columbia River Waggon Road.
This road starts at Revelstoke, following up the Columbia River about nine miles, and is
used by miners, ranchers, lumbermen and residents of Revelstoke, all the business
with the Big Bend going this way to Steamboat Landing. The present condition of
the road is good.    Repairs consisted of clearing out heavy landslides.
Greeley Creek Waggon Road.
This road runs east from Revelstoke, following the Illecillewaet River, nine miles, and is
used by ranchers and shinglemen. Travel is light. Bridge near Greeley Creek
carried out by high water. This bridge two years ago cost the Government $700.
Road now in bad condition owing to flood. Repairs consisted in gravelling and
ditching.
Fish River Waggon Road (West Side).
This road starts at Comaplix and follows up Fish River to Camborne, about seven miles.
During the year about $1,500 was expended in repairs to this road. The heavy
outlay was necessitated on account of mining machinery going into Fish River
Camp. The waggon road on the east being newly constructed, and no wharf at
Beaton for unloading heavy mining machinery, forced the Government to repair
the road best suited at that time for the transportation of heavy and expensive
machinery ; and it is an admitted fact, that the early and safe arrival of this
machinery at its destination has greatly facilitated mining and added much to the
public confidence now held in this camp. The road is now used only for saddle and
pack animals, and is in fair condition. E 72 Public Works Report. 1904
Fish Creek Waggon Road (East Side).
This road starts from Beaton (formerly Thomson's Landing), following the east bank of
Fish River five miles to Camborne. The Government expended on repairs about
$1,400. This amount was mostly used on the first three miles from Beaton, in
corduroying, etc., which, owing to the heavy traffic, leaves even now much to be
done. Corduroying has since been discontinued, having proved a failure. Upwards
of 1,500 tons of supplies and machinery have passed inward over this road. The
road is in a fair state of repair.
Trout Lake Waggon Road.
This road includes Ferguson and Ten-Mile Road. The amount expended on this road,
was about $2,000, of which $1,000 should be charged to Ten-Mile or South Fork of
Lardeau Waggon Road, and $400 to the short cut between Trout Lake and Ferguson.
This road supports heavy traffic, especially between Trout Lake, Ferguson and Ten-
Mile. Since the advent to the foot of Trout Lake of the railway, very little traffic
has gone over this road from the Beaton end. This road is used for the transportation of ore from the mines to Trout Lake, and the carrying in of supplies and
machinery.    Twenty-five hundred tons is a fair estimate, inward and outward.
Fire Valley Waggon Road.
This road runs from Edgewood to the upper end of Fire Valley, a distance of ten miles.
About $1,000 have been expended in repairs to this road.
With the exception of the Fish River Waggon Road (east side), the repairs to the waggon
roads throughout the riding have been carried out with a view to permanency, and I
feel justified in my opinion that better results will follow in a district like this by
the Government owning its entire road outfit, such as horses, waggons, carts, etc.
The trails throughout the Riding have received that attention which their importance
demanded, and in place of following the old system of sending separate gangs to
repair certain trails, persons interested in the vicinity, benefited by this or that trail,
have been given a stated sum for light repairs. This system has given much satisfaction in every instance.
Rossland Riding—Trail Creek Division.
Trail-Rossland Waggon Road.
This is a public highway extending from the Columbia River, at the mouth of Trail Creek,
to the City of Rossland, a distance of 5.6 miles, and is used for all necessary purposes.
The country through which it runs being hilly and broken (the difference in altitude
between Trail and Rossland being about 2,000 feet), the grade is therefore heavy.
The work on this road consisted of clearing ditches and culverts, repairing culverts,
removing rocks from roadbed, brushing out the road a distance of 400 yards to a
width of 30 feet, and making general repairs.
Columbia River Waggon Road.
This road extends from the City of Trail, down the Columbia River, a distance of about
1|- miles, and is used principally by teamsters hauling wood to Trail; it also accommodates a few market gardeners.
The work on this road consisted of taking down slopes, cleaning ditches and culverts and
putting in 6 new culverts, averaging 12 feet by 3 feet by 18 inches.
Rossland-Northport Waggon Road.
This is a public highway extending from a point on the Columbia River, opposite the
Town of Northport, in the State of Washington, to the City of Rossland, the distance
from Rossland to the International Boundary Line being 6.75 miles, and is used for
general traffic. A number of settlers on the Nelson and Fort Sheppard Railway
lands, between Rossland and the International Boundary Line, are accommodated by
this road. It is also used to some extent in getting supplies from Rossland to mining
properties on Sophie Mountain. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). E 73
This road being in good condition required only a few days' work clearing ditches and
culverts and removing loose rock from the roadway where it runs alongside of the
Great Northern Railway line, and for some distance below it. The road follows the
valley of Little Sheep Creek, and the grade is therefore easy.
Red Mountain Waggon Road.
Tins is a public highway, and extends from the north boundary line of the Municipality
of the City of Rossland around the north, west and south sides of Red Mountain to
the west boundary of the Municipality of the City of Rossland, a distance of 4 miles;
and although it runs through several very promising mining properties, it has been
used but very little during the past year, with the exception of the first half mile
north of Rossland, which is used very extensively by the owners of the saw-mill at
Rock Creek.
The work on this road consisted of clearing ditches and culverts, repairing wash-outs,
sloping banks for a distance of 7,000 feet, and putting in 4 culverts, averaging 15
feet by 3 feet by 15 inches.
Norway Mountain Waggon Road.
This road commences at a point on the Columbia and Western Railway, about 4,500 feet
north from the mouth of Hamil Creek, or Paulson's Siding, and extends to the
Bonanza Cabin on Granville Mountain, a distance of 6.7 miles; and although the
country traversed by this road is rough, hilly and broken, with considerable heavy
timber, the grade of the road is easy, not exceeding 8 per cent. This road was built
for mining purposes only, and has been used very little, and on account of faulty
construction has cost a large amount of money to make it of any use whatever.
During the past year very few men were employed in the vicinity and no ore was
shipped.
The work on this road consisted of taking down a heavy slope a distance of about two
miles; putting in 2,375 feet of heavy corduroy; ditching a distance of 29,000 feet;
putting in 11 culverts, of an average of 12 feet by 5 feet by 14 inches; and practically re-building 2 miles of road which was completely filled in with rock and earth
slides.
Rossland-Gladstone or Upper Murphy Creek Trail.
This trail commences at a point on the Red Mountain waggon road about 2 miles northwesterly from Rossland; thence in a north-westerly direction to the town of Gladstone, on the Columbia and Western Railway, a distance of about 28J miles, with
branch trails to Dominion Mountain, 4 miles; Beaumont Mountain, 1J miles; N. E.
Fork of Sheep Creek, 1J miles; and Shields Landing, on the Lower Arrow Lake,
via Sheep Lake, 8J miles.    Country hilly and heavily timbered.
Lower Murphy Creek Trail.
This trail runs in a northerly direction from the City of Rossland, crossing Stoney,
Rock and Murphy Creeks, the latter at what is known as the lower crossing; thence
up the North Fork of Murphy to Boulder Creek ; thence up said creek to Mackie
Mountain, a distance of 12 miles from Rossland, with branches to Sullivan Creek, 3
miles ; thence down said creek to the Columbia River, 4 miles ; Dominion Mountain,
5 miles; mouth of Murphy Creek, at Columbia River, 4 miles. Country hilly and
heavily timbered.
These trails are used almost exclusively by prospectors and the work thereon consisted of
clearing fallen timber and brush.
Dewdney Trail.
This well-known trail extends from Hope, on the Fraser River, to Wild Horse Creek, in
East Kootenay; a large portion of it has fallen into disuse. The portion passing
through this district is used by prospectors and others travelling to the Boundary
District, and by prospectors and miners to and from Sophie Mountain. A few settlers
on Big Sheep Creek also use this trail in getting supplies from Rossland. Country
very hilly and heavily timbered. E 74 Public Works Report. 1904
The work on this trail consisted of clearing out fallen timber and filling in ruts, caused by
spring freshets and heavy rain storms, between the Northport waggon road and Big
Sheep Creek, a distance of 7 miles.
Slocan Riding.
Silverton-Four-Mile Creek Road.
This road starts at Silverton, situated on the east side of Slocan Lake, and runs for about
7 miles into the mountains, giving access to about 90 mineral claims, employing 30
men. One hundred tons of freight were hauled inwards during the year to these
claims.
Repairs were made over the entire length of the road.
Three Forks, Sandon and Cody Road.
Starting at Three Forks, this road runs up Carpenter Creek, in the heart of the
mountains, to Cody, a distance of 4| miles. There are about 30 mineral claims,
employing 10 men, and 3 ranches in the vicinity. About 100 tons of freight were
hauled over the road this season.
Sixth South Fork of Lemon Creek Trail.
This trail leaves the Lemon Creek Trail two miles above Oro, and continues for 3| miles
through a mountainous country,  accommodating 30 mineral claims.     Six tons of
freight were hauled inwards during the past year.
Three miles of road were repaired.
Ten-Mile Creek Road.
Starting from Enterprise Landing, on the east shore of Slocan Lake, this road passes
through a mountainous country where mining and lumbering are carried on. There
are 40 mineral claims and one saw-mill in the neighbourhood, giving employment to
about 50 men. During the past season 1,000,000 feet of lumber were hauled outwards, and 75 tons of freight hauled inwards.
General repairs were made over 7 miles of the road.
Carpenter Creek, New Denver.
Built a double crib on south side 200 feet long, 8 feet wide, 5 feet high, to protect bridge.
Removed rocks, stumps and trees from channel in the vicinity of bridge.
Road Approaches, Carpenter Creek Bridge.
Built double crib  282 feet long,   16 feet wide,  averaging 9 feet deep, and filled with
gravel.
Built one culvert on south side, 24 feet long, 6 feet wide, and 4 feet high in the clear.
Duncan River Trail.
Starting from  Hart's Landing, at the head of navigation, this trail passes through a
mountainous   country   containing   about   200  mineral  claims,   employing  20  men.
About 10 tons of freight were packed in the past year.
Thirty-three miles of trail were repaired and an extension of 2| miles built.
Fauquier Landing Road.
From this Landing on the Columbia River the road passes for 3J miles through a rough
agricultural country.    About 20 tons of produce were hauled outwards during the
past year.
General repairs throughout were effected.
Meteor Mine Trail.
This trail branches off the Springer Creek Road, and passing through a mountainous
country, gives access to 20 mineral claims.    About 20 tons of freight were hauled in
last year.
General repairs were made on 2^ miles. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). J&      E 75
/
Meadow Creek Trail.
Leaving the Lardo River Trail, this trail passes through a mountainous country for about
7 miles, giving access to about 50 mineral claims situated in the neighbourhood.
Some assessment work is being done on many of these. About two tons of freight
were packed inwards this year.
General repairs were made over the entire length.
New Denver Sidewalks.
Built 117 feet, 3 feet wide, and 60 feet, 12 feet wide, consisting of 2-inch plank laid crosswise on 4-inch by 4-inch stringers.
L. H. Trail.
This trail starts from the Red Mountain Road and passes through a mountainous
country for 2 miles. It gives access to 50 mineral claims. Ten tons of freight were
packed inwards this year.
Repairs were carried on throughout the whole length.
Lardo River Trail.
This trail starts at Lardo and passes for a distance of 20 miles through a mountainous
and agricultural country. There are 4 ranches and 30 mineral claims in the vicinity,
employing about 10 men.    One hundred tons of freight were packed inwards this year.
Repairs were made over the entire length.
Molly Gibson Road.
The starting point of this road is on the north side of the west arm of Kootenay Lake, a
few miles above Nelson. It runs into the mountains for about 10| miles, giving
access to 60 mineral claims employing about 10 men. About 20 tons of freight
and produce were handled this year.
General repairs were effected over the entire length.
Fry Creek Trail.
This trail starts from Kootenay Lake, west side, and follows up the creek for 2J miles
into the mountains, where 40 mineral claims are located.
Repaired 4,650 lineal feet and constructed 9,240 lineal feet of road.
Lemon Creek Trail.
This trail starts from the Lemon Creek Road and traverses a mountainous country, in the
neighbourhood of which about 250 mineral claims are located. Ten tons of freight
were hauled this year.
General repairs were carried on over the greater portion of this trail.
Long Creek Trail.
Starting from Farquier's landing road 2| miles from the landing, this trail extends for a
distance of 2 miles, passes through a mountainous country and accommodates 15
mineral claims.
Made general repairs throughout.
Howser and Lardo River Road.
This road, which is 1^ miles in length, passes through an undulating country; used as
the mail route.    Ffty tons of freight handled annually.
Repaired 5,920 lineal feet and constructed 2,000 lineal feet of new road.
Hooler Creek Trail.
Starting from Crawford Creek Road, this trail passes through a mountainous country
and gives access to 20 mineral claims.    Two tons of produce were hauled inwards.
Repaired 26,400 lineal feet. E 76 Public Works Report. 1904
Hamil Creek Trail.
This trail, which is 28 miles in length, starts from Argenta.    It is used almost exclusively
for mining purposes, there  being  30  mineral  claims in the locality.    Twenty tons
of produce handled during the year.
Made general repairs throughout.
Jackson Creek Road.
This road  is 6 miles long and starts from  Whitewater,  passing through  a mountainous
country.     There   are   60 mineral claims in the   neighbourhood.    Twenty   tons of
freight hauled inward.
General repairs were effected throughout the entire length.
Queen Bess Road.
Starting from Alamo, this road extends for a distance of 5 miles, the country traversed
being mountainous ; used chiefly for transportation of freight to the mines. There
are 35 claims in the vicinity, giving employment to 15 men. Ten tons of freight
were handled during the year.
Effected general repairs throughout.
Slocan and Beaver Creek Road.
This road commences at Slocan  City  and  traverses a  rolling country; used  chiefly for
agricultural purposes.    There are 5 ranches in the vicinity.    About 20 tons of freight
hauled outward during the present year.
General repairs were carried on throughout.
West Arm Kootenay Lake Road.
This road is about 3|- miles long.    It starts at 6-Mile School-house and extends about an
equal distance north and south along the lake.      Used for agricultural purposes; 50
ranches under cultivation.
Repaired road generally.
McGuigan Waggon Road.
Starting from McGuigan, this road, which has a length of five miles,  passes  through a
mountainous country.      There are about 125 mineral claims in the neighbourhood,
giving employment to 100 men.    About 500 tons of freight were packed in this year.
Made sundry repairs.
Springer Creek Road.
This road is 5-J- miles in length and starts from Slocan City, the country traversed being
for the most part mountainous and devoted to mining.    There are about 200 mineral
claims, employing 40 men.    About 500 tons of freight were hauled inward.
Repaired for entire length.
South Fork Kaslo Creek Road.
The length of this road is about 14 miles.      It traverses a mountainous country and is
used chiefly for mining purposes.    There are 150 mineral claims and 35 men employed.
One hundred tons of freight were packed inward.
Constructed about 1 \ miles of new road and made general repairs.
Washington Mine Trail.
This trail, which has a length of 2| miles, starts from McGuigan Road. The country
traversed is mountainous. Mining is the chief industry, there being 20 mineral
claims and 10 men employed thereon.    Eight tons of freight hauled during the year.
Made general repairs throughout.
Slocan City and Lemon Creek Road.
Starting from Slocan City, having a length of 5| miles, this road passes through a level
country; used chiefly for agricultural and commercial purposes.    There are 4 ranches
along its route.    About 30 tons of freight were hauled inward.
Made general repairs. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). E 77
Six-Mile Creek Road.
This road, which is 12 miles long, starts from the West Arm of Kootenay Lake. It
traverses a mountainous country devoted principally to mining. There are 60 mineral
claims in the vicinity.    Two tons of freight handled.
Effected general repairs.
Slocan-Republic Mine Road.
With a length of one mile, this road starts from Slocan City, passing through a mountainous country. Mining chiefly carried on. Thirty tons of freight hauled inward
during the year.
Made general repairs to old part of road.
Antoine Mine Trail.
This trail is 3 miles in length and starts from McGuigan Road, traversing a mining
country. There are 50 mineral claims in the neighbourhood and 20 men employed.
Fifty tons of freight were moved.
General repairs were effected.
Ainsworth Road (south).
With a length of 6J miles, this road starts from Ainsworth, the country traversed being
mountainous and suitable for mining purposes. There are 200 mineral claims,
giving employment to 10 men. Ten tons of freight were hauled inward during the
year.
General repairs were carried on.
Ainsworth Road (north).
This road is nearly two miles in length and starts from Ainsworth, through a mountainous
country. Mining chief industry. There are 30 mineral claims, employing 40
men.    Twenty tons of freight were hauled inward.
Carried on general repairs.
B.ierkness Creek Trail.
Starting from Kaslo, this trail, which has a length of 6 miles, traverses a country devoted
to mining purposes.    There are 12 mineral claims in the vicinity.
Constructed 1 mile of road and made general repairs throughout the entire length.
Blue Ridge Trail.
This trail is over 6 miles  in length  and  starts from Kaslo and Three Forks Trail.    It
traverses a mountainous country,  mining being  the  chief industry.     There  are 30
mineral claims.    One ton of freight packed in.
Effected general repairs.
Argenta and Howser Trail.
Starting from Argenta with a length of  12 miles, this trail  traverses a rolling country;
used for commercial purposes.    Five tons of freight were hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
Coffee Creek Trail.
With a length of about 13| miles, this trail commences at Kootenay Lake, traversing a
mountainous country.    Mining chiefly carried on, there being 40 mineral claims,
employing 4 men.
General repairs made throughout entire length and 1 mile of new road built.
Crawford Creek Road.
This road is over 9 miles in length. It starts from Crawford Bay and runs through an
undulating country, mining and agriculture being carried on. There are 30 mineral
claims and 6 ranches; 10 men employed. About 20 tons of freight and produce
shipped.
Effected general repairs. E 78 Public Works Report. 1904
Crawford Creek Trail.
Commencing at the upper end of Crawford Creek Road, this trail, having a length of 8
miles, passes through a mountainous country. Mining chiefly carried on, there being
50 mineral claims.    Four tons of freight hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
Carpenter Creek Trail (south fork).
This trail has a length of 5 miles and starts from Cody. It passes through a mountainous
country devoted to mining. There are 20 mineral claims, employing 2 men. Five
tons of freight hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
Bismark Trail.
With a length of 2-\ miles, this trail starts from South Fork-Kaslo Creek Road at Black
Fox and runs through a mountainous country. There are 20 mineral claims, giving
employment to 4 men, and 3 tons of freight were hauled inward during the year.
Sundry repairs were carried on.
Silverton Bridge Road Protection.
Built single crib 120 feet long, 5 feet high, and filled with rocks.
Removed rocks, stumps, etc., from and widened channel of Creek for a distance of 1,500
feet.
Twelve-Mile Creek Trail.
This trail is about 5 miles in length and starts at Vivey on Slocan Lake. The principal
industry is mining, there being about 60 mineral claims, employing 4 men. About
4 tons of freight were hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
Kaslo and Three Forks Road and Trail.
With a length of 201 miles, this trail starts from Kaslo and traverses a mountainous
country, chiefly adapted to mining purposes. There are 60 mineral claims, employing 10 men.    About 20 tons of freight hauled.
Made general repairs on 4J miles.
Woodberry Creek Trail (North Fork).
This trail is 12 miles in length and starts from Kootenay Lake. It passes through a
mountainous country. Mining chiefly carried on, there being 60 mineral claims and
15 men employed.    About 30 tons of freight hauled.
General repairs were effected.
Wonderful Mine Trail.
With a length of about -f of a mile, this trail starts from Sandon and traverses a mountainous country. Mining chiefly carried on. There are 20 mineral claims and 10
men employed.    Five tons of freight packed in.
General repairs were effected.
Wilson Creek Trail.
This trail is 31 miles in length and starts at Roseberry, passing through a mountainous
country. Mining and lumbering carried on. There are about 60 mineral claims.
About 2,000,000 feet of logs cut annually.     Thirty tons of supplies hauled inward.
Carried on general repairs.
Ten-Mile Creek Trail.
This trail has a length of about 8^ miles and starts from the Enterprise Mine Concentrator. The country traversed is mountainous and adapted to mining ; there are 30
mineral claims.    About 10 tons of freight hauled annually.
Reconstructed l a mile and carried on general repairs. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). E 79
Sandon and Reco Mine Trail.
With a length of 4 miles,  this  trail  starts from  Sandon and  traverses a  mountainous
country.    Mining chiefly carried on, of which there are 100 mineral claims, employT-
ing 75 men.    About 50 tons of freight hauled inward.
Carried on general repairs.
Bear Lake and Silver Glance Trail.
With a length of about 2 miles, this trail starts at Bear Lake and passes through a
mountainous country, principally adapted for mining purposes. There are 40 mineral
claims and 8 men are employed.    About 12 tons of freight were hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
Sturgis Creek Trail.
Nearly 1 mile in length ; passes through a mountainous country ; as yet it is incomplete.
Star Mine Road.
This road is 1|- miles in length and starts from the Ainsworth Road, south.    The country
is mountainous and adapted to mining purposes.     There are 15 mineral claims and
4 men employed.    About 5 tons of freight were hauled inward.
Built 1| miles.
Sandon Creek Trail.
Starting from the Slocan Star Road, with a length of 1J miles, this trail passes through
a mountainous country.      Mining chiefly carried on, of which there are 20 mineral
claims.    About 2 tons of supplies hauled inward.
Carried on general repairs.
New Denver-Silverton Road.
This road has a length of 4 miles and starts at New Denver.     The country traversed is
fairly level and used for commercial purposes.     About  100 tons of freight were
hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
North Fork of Carpenter Creek Trail.
This trail has a length of 15| miles.      Starting from Three  Forks it passes through a
mountainous  country.     Mining  chiefly  pursued,   there   being   60   mineral   claims.
About 3 tons of freight were hauled inward.
General repairs were carried on.
North Fork of Springer Creek Trail.
This trail has a length of about 13, miles and starts from the Ottawa Mine Road, passing
through a mountainous country.    Mining chiefly carried on.    Uncompleted.
New Denver-Silver Mountain Road.
Starting from New Denver and having a length of 4| miles, this road passes through a
mountainous country suitable for mining.     There are about 90 mineral claims, employing 5 men.    About 10 tons of freight hauled annually.
Carried on general repairs.
New Denver-Three Forks Trail.
This trail is about 4 miles in length and starts from the New Denver-Silver Mountain
Road. It traverses a mountainous country, in which mining is chiefly carried on.
There are about 25 mineral claims in the vicinity, giving employment to 3 men.
Effected general repairs throughout.
Pilot Bay and Crawford Bay Trail.
This trail has a length of about 7 miles.     It starts at Pilot Bay and is used chiefly as a
pack route.
General repairs were carried on throughout its entire length. E 80 Public Works Report. 1904
Nelson Riding.
Cottonwood Creek Road.
This piece of road was first laid out by the contractors engaged in the building of the
Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway, since which time considerable expenditures have
been made upon it by the Province, in an effort to keep it open for travel. The
Cottonwood Creek section of the road, as its name suggests, .serves the district
between Nelson and the lake of the same name, and periodically efforts are put forth
to induce the Government to open the road as far as Ymir. The Cottonwood Creek
section of the road has been of much assistance to the owners of mineral claims in
the freighting of supplies, but there are none of the properties sufficiently developed
to utilise the road for ore shipments.
Forest cleared
150 yards.
Grubbed
133 yards long, 10 feet wide.
Graded
872          i.          11
[1
Ditched
62          ,.            1
II
Cribbed
106          „            8
ii        by 4 feet.
Excavated earth 1,995 cubic yards.
Excavated rock
102
Filled in
200
Made four culvei
•ts, averaging 12 feet
by
7 feet by 2 feet
Mountain Station Road.
This road connects Nelson with the Mountain Station on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard
Railway, and as it saves a 10-mile run on the railway in order to reach the city, the
travel over the road is very heavy.    Considerable work is required to be done on the
road each spring, owing to the freshets.
Grading and ditching- from the limits of the City of Nelson to the Mountain Station, and
filling in wash-outs.
May and Jennie Road.
This road forks off the main Nelson-Forty-nine Creek road about two miles before Forty-
nine Creek is reached, and up the slope of the creek for a distance of 4-J- miles to the
May and Jennie property, to serve winch this road was projected. Several thousand
dollars have been spent in the development of the ore bodies on this property, the
work during the past year having been under the personal supervision of the owners.
This has been so satisfactory that there is every prospect of a mill being installed
during the coming summer.
Work consisted of digging out land slides caused by spring freshets and making general
repairs over the entire length of the road.
Granite Cut-off.
This was designed to shorten the distance from the Trunk Road to Granite Siding, on
the Canadian Pacific Railway. The work was stopped, however, as it was not
deemed necessary. About 2,000 feet had been cleared and grubbed when operations
were suspended.
Nelson-Forty-Nine Creek Road.
This is the main trunk road for the section traversed by the gold belt to the south of
Nelson. In this section the season just closed has been one of exceptional activity,
and, although it has witnessed the closing down of operations by the pioneer mining
company, it has given birth to a new company which has made negotiations for the
use of the Granite mill, for the treatment of the product of the Star ore, and has
also chronicled a number of mineral discoveries to which great importance is attached,
from one of which the owners assert considerable shipments will be made to the
Nelson smelter via Granite Siding. In addition to the mining properties, the road
serves a number of ranches which were taken up as a direct result of its construction.
Several of these are being brought under cultivation and will shortly represent a
created value very much in excess of the cost of the road.
General repairs were made over the entire length of the road, including the removal of
slides, setting in 14 small culverts and filling in wash-outs. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). E 81
Eagle Creek Trail.
This trail forks off the Nelson-Forty-Nine Creek Road at Eagle Creek, and continues up
the creek for a distance of 4 miles. It serves a large number of promising properties,
which, it is said, only await shipping facilities for the production of ore tonnage. The
trail was brushed out during the year, but since this the lower portion of it has been
converted into a waggon road, over which the Star property will ship this winter.
McDonald Group Trail.
This trail, which is 3 miles in length, was built during the fall to serve the group of claims
from which it takes its name. It had as its starting point the terminus of the May
and Jennie waggon road, and followed up the course of the creek. The development
on the McDonald Group continued so satisfactory that the trail has since been converted into a waggon road, and shipments will be made over it during the coming
winter.
Athabasca-Venus Road.
This road forks from the Hall Mines Road, and is something under 4 miles in length. It
serves the Athabasca-Venus property, and is also used by the company operating the
Juno mine. During the past year the reorganised Athabasca-Venus Company has
been operating on a very extensive scale, and although very little information is given
to the public, it is known that considerable profit has resulted to the company.
Connection has been established between the Venus and Juno workings, and the ore
from the latter is now being treated in the Athabasca-Venus mill.
The work done upon the road was in the nature of general repairs, digging out slides,
cribbing up switchbacks and cleaning out the roadway between the mill and Nelson.
Hall Mines Road.
There are 9 miles in this piece of road, which connects Nelson with the Silver King group
of claims. Since the owning company suspended operations in the mine there has
not been very much travel over the road, but the leasing of the Silver King and the
other mining properties served by the road made it necessary to keep the road open.
The lessee of the Silver King has made shipments aggregating 2,500 tons from the
property during the period under review, the average value of which was, approximately, $20 ; but this ore, as well as the bulk of the supplies used, was transported
to the mine over the tramway connecting it with the smelter. General repairs were
made to the road; culverts put in where necessary.
Bird Creek Trail.
This trail, with its several forks, serves a large section of country below Forty-Nine
Creek.
Removed log-jam at Rover Creek bridge.
Cleared, grubbed and graded 20,382 feet of ground for switch-back on trail, and generally
overhauled same from Forty-Nine Creek to Bird Creek.
Trail-Sayward Road.
This is another piece of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard tote road, which connected Sayward,
the contractors' headquarters during construction, with the navigation on the
Columbia River at Trail. The uses of the road are restricted to a few ranchers,
who have taken up land along it, in the moving of such commodities as they have
for sale to the city of Trail, which is reached by means of a ferry.
Made general repairs over the road and filled in 175 feet by 8 feet where wash-out had
occurred.
Erie Waggon Road.
This road, including the spurs which strike off from it, has a total length of 18 miles, and,
while the Arlington and Second Relief Mines are working, has a heavy ore tonnage.
Repaired cribbing 50 yards.
Excavated earth    150    n      8 feet wide and from 3 to 4 feet deep.
Made general repairs over the lower 2 miles of the road. E 82 Public Works Report. 1904
Yellowstone Waggon Road.
This road has a length of something under 12 miles. It follows the Salmon River from
Salmo down to Sheep Creek, and strikes up Sheep creek to the Yellowstone, Queen
and Yosemite properties. There was very little tonnage over the road during the
past year, owing to the suspension of operations on the Queen property by the
lessees. The owners have since been working the mine, but their shipments are
infrequent. The first 2 miles of this road, out of Salmo, is along the creek bottom.
This has necessitated corduroying for the entire distance, and as the high water each
spring plays havoc with the corduroy it renders the Yellowstone one of the most
costly roads in the district in the matter of maintenance.
Cut out log-jams and made general repairs over the entire length of the road.
Elevated 1,300 yards of corduroy, 12 feet wide, and drift-bolted the same.
Graded 300 yards, 10 feet wide.
Corduroyed 200      h      12 n
Gravelled     300      n      10
Champion Creek Trail.
This is a short piece of trail which strikes in to the headwaters of Champion Creek from the
Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway, a short distance below Erie. There are a number
of mining properties along the creek, upon which considerable sums have been spent
in development, but during the past year they have received very little attention,
and in consequence the uses of the trail have been restricted to serving a half-dozen
ranchers, who find it their easiest route to the railway.
Geueral repairs were made to the trail and brush cut out for the entire distance.
Porto Rico Waggon Road.
This road is 7 miles in length, and connects the Porto Rico mill with Porto Rico Siding,
on the line of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway. With the suspension of operations at the Porto Rico mine some years ago the road ceased to be of very much use.
The mine and mill have now been secured under lease, and it is reported that the
lessee of the property intends, in addition to treating the Porto Rico product in the
mill, to do custom milling for a number of other free-milling properties which are
being developed in that vicinity.
Made general repairs over the entire length of the road, and ditched same where necessary.
Quartz Creek Trail.
This trail is 8 miles long, and is known also as the Craigtown  Trail, serving a number of
properties on the headwaters of the tributaries of the Salmon River.
Cleared forest and graded 2,640 yards, and grubbed 3,540 3'ards for a width of 5 feet.
Ymir Road.
This road, with its forks up the north and main branches of Wild Horse Creek, has a
total length of 12 miles. The principal properties served are the Ymir and the
Wilcox. The former, although it has not been milling up to its capacity during the
year, is nevertheless one of the heaviest shippers in the district. The Wilcox is a
new shipper, having entered the lists during the past six months. It is now producing at the rate of $6,000 per month, which leaves the owners a handsome margin
over working expenses. The bulk of the ore is free-milling. Some of it, however,
is so rich as to make it an object to ship in a crude state, and in addition to this
there is considerable galena encountered in the working of the property, which, with
the concentrates, gives a considerable tonnage for the road. To reach Ymir town
over this road, as well as over the Dundee road, the Salmon River has to be crossed
by the Ymir Bridge. This structure is now a wreck. It was so constructed as to
make it impossible to adequately protect it from spring freshets. Considerable sums
have been expended in repairing it, and in attempts to keep it from going out
altogether.
Forest cleared 3,000 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded   3,000    ,,     10 „
Corduroyed 400 feet and cribbed 250 feet, 12 feet wide.
Excavated rock 180 feet by 6 feet by 15 feet deep. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). E 83
Filled in 250 feet by 12 feet by 12 feet.
Made general repairs necessitated by bursting of flume.
Cleared forest, grubbed and graded 900 feet, 8 feet wide.
Corduroyed 400 feet.
Cribbed 450    n    3 to 5 feet high.
Excavated earth 1,500    n    2 feet wide.
Filled in 2,500    „    2
Made 3 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 4 feet.
Cleared out failed timber from Ymir Cyanide Plant to the Foghorn Branch Road.
Corduroyed 200 feet, 12 feet wide.
Cribbed       400    n      8 feet high.
Porcupine Creek Waggon Road.
This road is approximately 6 miles in length, and is built up Porcupine Creek from its
junction with the Salmon, a short distance below Ymir. The road was built to serve
the properties of the Active Gold Mining Company, but as yet has not been used to
any extent. This company, however, has made arrangements for putting in an
extensive saw-milling plant, in which event the road will be of considerable service.
Forest cleared 9,680 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,680      „      10
Graded 9,680      ,,      10
Corduroyed 835      n      14        n
Cribbed 200      „        6 feet high.
Excavated      11,000 cubic yards of earth.
ii 2,000 cubic yards of rock.
Whitewater Creek Trail.
This trail starts from Whitewater Siding, on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway, and
runs up Whitewater Creek for a distance of 12 miles, to the divide between Sixteen-
Mile Creek. It serves the Apex Group of claims, among others, upon which more or
less work is done each year by the owners, and which is said to be in a position to
ship, once a mill is installed.
Cut out fallen timber and made general repairs to trail.
Grey Creek Trail.
This is a trunk trail which follows up the course of Grey Creek for a distance of 7 miles,
and, with the forks which have been built to it, serves a number of mining properties.
This section is known as Crawford Bay District, and discoveries of iron made in it
recently have attracted much attention. Upon one group of these claims a great
deal of work has been done, and on several others negotiations have been under way
with outside capitalists, with a view to their development.
Cleared forest, 4,400 yards, 7 feet wide.
Graded 3,000      „     2
Cut out fallen timber from mouth of Grey Creek to forks of North and South Creeks, a
distance of 7 miles.
Deleware Trail.
This trail is 2 miles in length and serves the Deleware mine, in the Goat River Mining-
Division.    Brushed out and made general repairs for its entire length.
Alice Waggon Road Extension.
The Alice Mines Road, of which the above is an extension, is 3 miles in length, and connects the mine with Creston. The first 2 miles of the road passes through lands
which have been taken up by settlers, and a considerable area is being brought under
cultivation. The Alice mine, after a long period of idleness, has now been secured
under lease, and steps are being taken to resume work on an extensive scale, the
erection of a concentrator forming part of the programme mapped out by the lessees.
The extension carries the road forward a short distance to the north ridge of Goat
Mountain, so that the road is available for other mining properties.
Forest cleared 1,112 yards, 10 feet wide. E 84 Public Works Report. 1904
Creston North Road.
This road was built for the purpose of opening up the agricultural lands in the vicinity of
Creston.
Forest cleared  1,320 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 660 feet,     10
Graded 1,320    ,,        10
Creston Road East.
This road has a length of nearly 3 miles, and connects Creston with the tote road built
during the construction of the Crow's Nest section of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
It is used by ranchers.
Forest cleared 2\ miles for a width of 25 feet.
Graded \\ miles.
Russell Creek Trail.
This trail has a length of 5 miles and serves that section of the Goat River District which
is drained by Russell Creek. This trail was the first means of communication afforded
this section, and as it was a new piece of work during the year under review, sufficient
time has not elapsed to determine the worth of the mineral claims which the trail
serves.
Kitchener Waggon Road.
This road connects Kitchener with Creston. It was first used in connection with the
building of the Crow's Nest branch of the Canadian Pacific. It was used, while
open, by prospectors and farmers, but the travel over it was at no time considerable.
The road was practically closed this spring by freshets, which took out the bridges
over the streams crossed by the road.
Made general repairs over the road.
Graded 25 yards, 7 feet wide.
Corduroyed   20       n      8 n
Summit Creek Trail.
This trail has a length of 26 miles, and runs from the mouth of Summit Creek, on Kootenay
Lake, up to the headwaters of the creek. A large number of claims have been
recorded in this section, the most important of which are those comprising the
Bayonne Group. This property has been under bond to different persons and another
deal has recently been made which will result in the working of the property this
winter.
During the year 9 miles of new trail was built to connect Summit Creek with Long's
ranch, and the trail up the creek was brushed out for 16 miles.
Sanca to White Grouse  Trail.
This trail, reaching from Sanca, on Kootenay Lake, to the White Grouse Mountain, has
a length of 25 miles. A large number of claims have been held in the section for a
number of years, but the transportation difficulties have always been urged as reason
why development was retarded and shipments deferred. The trail is through a
heavily timbered section and frequent demands are made for the clearing of it from
fallen timber.
Graded 2,232 yards, 2 feet wide.
Corduroyed      249      m     6 n
Cut out fallen timber and made general repairs.
Fairview Sidewalks.
Made general repairs to sidewalks throughout the Fairview addition to the City of Nelson. 4 Ed. 7 East Kootenay District (North Riding). E 85
East Kootenay District (North Riding).
Big Bend and Canoe River Trail.
Means of access to the Tete Jaune Cache, situated on the Fraser River, is along this
trail, leaving the Canadian Pacific Railway at Donald or Golden, the latter being
the supply point. The distance from Donald to the Big Bend is 80 miles, and from
that point to Tete Jaune Cache another 80 miles. There is a vast area of country
to the north which has never been prospected, other than for placer ground, much
gold having been taken out from the Big Bend in the early days, but of late very
little has been done, with the exception of mica claims worked near Tete Jaune
Cache and Yellow Jacket Creek, about 10 miles south of the Big Bend, on the west
side of the Columbia River. To facilitate transportation, a number of prospectors
commenced a trail from the north end of Timbasket Lake and built about 12 miles,
the Government then completing the trail to the Yellow Jacket, a distance of 13
miles; total, 25 miles from Timbasket Lake. About 20 men were employed during
the year doing assessment work and developing the mica properties, from which
about 2,000 lbs. were brought out. It is considered to be a very good grade, and
averages about 4 inches by 6 inches dressed.
Made some general repairs on the main trail.
McMurdo District Trails.
The trails throughout this district, aggregating about 100 miles, were cleared of fallen
timber and other necessary repairs made. A crew of six men are employed
developing the Bennison Group, and performing general assessment work on the
numerous claims.
Ice River District.
To facilitate transportation, the Government built 12 miles of waggon road from Leanchoil Station, at a cost of $250 per mile. About fifty men are employed in the
valley.
Trunk Road, Golden to Donald.
Distance, 18 miles; principally used by the lumber company and about a dozen settlers.
The road was originally built by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company during
construction, and since maintained by the Government. Only small repairs of a
light nature were made this year.
Main Trunk Road, Golden to Fort Steele.
This road is 160 miles long. It traverses a fairly well-settled district for its entire length.
The road generally has a good hard surface, with the exception of parts, which were
located on swampy ground. These spots are, however, disappearing, as improvements
to the road proceed. During the past year there was a total of 13,000 feet brushed
and gravelled, with ditches on both sides. Most of the work will, however, require
another layer of gravel to make it permanent. About 60 miles was gone over carefully, roots and large stones being removed, and the right of way cleared where
necessary. Cleaned out ditches, aggregating 27,000 feet; renewed 9 small culverts;
planked 120 feet of corduroy. There is considerable lumbering going on at various
points, giving employment to about 100 men.    This is also the mail route.
Loop Road, Windermere.
The original road passing east of Windermere has been reopened and repaired ; also a
new connection made south of Windermere, through the Indian Reserve, about a
mile and a half of new road being graded. This gives the settlers back of Windermere easy access to the main road without having to travel through other people's
property. E 86 Public Works Report. 1904
Road, west side Windermere Lake.
The remaining 4 miles left unfinished last year have now been completed, giving access to
settlers from Athalmer and other points to Sunshine Ranch. There are 8 settlers
on the route.
Toby Creek Waggon Road.
The work done on this road consisted entirely of maintenance, such as cleaning slopes and
ditches after the spring thaw, and 1,600 feet brushed and gravelled. This road is
used entirely by miners.
The Paradise Mine is building a road from the mine to connect with the main road at
Pine Flat, the distance being about 8 miles. The principal work done at the mine
is development, but 800 tons of ore were shipped during the winter. The mine
employs about 30 men, and 60 others are on the road construction.
Other properties are being worked on a small scale and about 50 tons of ore shipped.
Horse Thief Waggon Road.
Twenty miles of this road has been newly built by the Government, and 8 miles by the
Ptarmigan Mines. The work done this year consisted of cleaning slopes and ditches
and filling ruts on that portion built by the Government. The road is entirely used
by miners, the Ptarmigan Mines employing about 75 men. The company is now
erecting a 4-drill compressor. At present only development work is being done.
About 60 tons of ore were shipped last winter. No ore was shipped from any of the
other properties, but considerable development work is being done.
Wilmer to No. 2 Creek.
This road is being built principally for settlers, who number about 12. One mile was
graded last year and 4 miles this year. This is on the route to No. 3 Creek and
Salmon River, where some mining is in progress. Two or three settlers are farming
in the vicinity.
North Fork Sleigh Road.
For a distance of about 5 miles this road was built to connect with the Delphine Mine.
About 80 tons of ore were brought down.
Wilmer Extension.
A new grade from Wilmer to No. 3 mile post on Toby Road was built on a 7 per cent-
grade, in order to conform with the rest of the road.
Windermere.
Built a quarter of a mile of road to the cemetery.
Bugaboo.
A new trail was graded for a distance of 4 miles to avoid swampy ground. Balance of
trail cleared of fallen timber.
Trails.
The trails throughout the district, aggregating about 500 miles, were mostly gone over
and cleared of fallen timber and other necessary repairs done. 4 Ed. 7
East Kootenay District (South Riding).
E 87
East Kootenay District (South Riding).
Michel Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
Michel  	
Crow's Nest	
Michel	
Rough.
Very rough.
2.—Tote Road	
3.    Michel Prairie Road	
10
4
4S
4. —Northern Trail	
Population of the town of Michel, 1,200 ; of the whole section, 1,300.
Parcels of land exclusive of town lots, 17. The greater part of the land in the section
belongs to the British Columbia Southern Railway' and the Crow's Nest Coal Company. There
are three saw-mills in operation. The output of coal is about 25,000 tons per month, and of
coke about 8,000; the number of men employed was 800. The only available farming land
in the section is on routes 3 and 4.
Route 1—Light general traffic.
Route 2—Light lumbering traffic on part; other parts impassable.
Route 3—Light farming, lumbering- and coal prospecting traffic. Repaired damage done
by the spring freshet of 1902.
Route 4—Light farming and coal prospecting traffic.
Fernie Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
Very rough.
2.—Coal Creek Mills Road
2
5
1
2
23
7
5
Fernie	
5. —West Fernie Road	
6.—Crow's Nest Trail	
7.— Elk River Trail  	
8. —Sand Creek Trail	
Route 3	
„      2	
,,      5	
Rough.
The population of the town of Fernie is about 2,000 ; of the coal mines village, about 400 ;
and of the whole section about 2,600.
There are 21 parcels of land, besides town lots and 6 mineral claims in the District.
There are 5 saw-mills in operation. The output of coal is about 25,000 tons per month, and
of coke 9,000 tons per month ; 800 men are employed. All the land east of Elk River belongs
either to the British Columbia Southern Railway or to the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company.
Route 1 — Heavy general traffic. Laid sidewalks (property owners furnishing the
material); cleared streets of stumps and boulders; graded ramp to Elk River Bridge.
Route 2—Medium lumbering and cattle traffic. Re-built and maintained bridge over
Coal Creek, which was undermined by spring freshet, 1902.
Route 3—Much general traffic.    Made repairs, shovelled snow and cleaned out mud slides.
Route 4—Very heavy lumber traffic.
Route 5—Very heavy lumber traffic.    Two saw-mills haul their output over this road.
Route 6—Light cattle traffic with North-West Territories. Cut out trail from Coal
Creek to Alberta boundary.
Route 7—Light cattle traffic and general traffic between Fernie and Morrissey.
Route 8—Light mining traffic. E 88
Public Works Report.
1904
Morrissey and Flathead Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.—Tote Road  	
2.—Mines Road	
2
4
4
12
30
a                to Mines Townsite.
Rough.
4.—Elk River Trail	
5.—Wigwam Trail	
/;     to Elko Pack Bridge	
Elko Pack Bridge	
The population of Morrissey is about 100, of Morrissey Mines Townsite about 100, and of
Tonkin Village 700. There is one saw-mill in operation. The monthly output of coal is
20,000 tons, and the manufacture of coke will soon commence; about 500 men are employed.
Routes 1 and 2—Light cattle traffic with the North-West Territories.
Route 2—Large general traffic between the C. P. R. and the mines.    Made general repairs.
Route 3—Large general traffic.
Route 5—Used for coal and oil prospecting on the Government reserved block in the
south-east corner of the District.
Elko and Tobacco Plains Section.
Route.
Miles.
28
30
12
10
4
6
10
3
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.—Trunk Road to Boundary	
2.—Front Road to Boundary	
3.—Crow's Nest Landing Road....
Easy.
Elko	
"
7.—Tobacco Plains Trail	
Elko Pack Bridge	
Phillips Route 1   	
Very rough.
Rough.
8.—Phillips Creek Trail	
This section has a population of about 200.    There are 50 parcels of land,  besides  town
lots ; 42 mineral claims.    One saw-mill in operation.
Route 1—Medium farming traffic; mail route.     Made repairs on Elk River ramps.
Route 2—Very little traffic.
Route 3—Medium farming traffic; mail route.
Route 4—Practically no traffic,
Route 5—Medium farming and lumber traffic.
Route 6—Medium farming and mining traffic.
Route 7—Used in connection with route 5 of Morrissey section by coal and oil prospectors.
Route 8—Medium mining traffic.    Continued trail towards Flathead Country.
Jaffray Section.
Route.
l._Trunk Road   	
2.—Elko Road	
3. —Langley Road	
4.—Sand Creek Road	
5.—Bull River South Road
6.—Wardner Ferry Road. .
7.—Bull River South Trail
8.— Sand Creek Trail	
Miles.
22
12
8
4
6
1
2
4
Starting Point.
Bull River
Jaffray . ..
Route 1 ..
1 ..
5 ..
2 ..
Description of
Country.
Easy in parts.
Easy.
Easy in parts.
Rough.
Very rough.
Rough. 4 Ed. 7
East Kootenay District (South Riding).
E 89
The population of this District is about 100.    There are 50 parcels of land, exclusive of
town lots, and 22 mineral claims.    One saw-mill in operation.
Route 1—Light general traffic.    Made necessary repairs.
Route 2—Medium farming and lumbering traffic.    Repaired old tote road.
Route 3—Light farming traffic.
Route 4—Light farming traffic.
Route 5—Light farming traffic.
Route 6—No traffic at present.
Route 7—Light mining traffic.
Route 8—Light mining traffic.
Made necessary repairs.
Cranbrook Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
Easy.
Rough in parts.
Rough.
Very rough.
2.—Fort Steele Road	
7
5
11
10
11
22
3
12
1
6
8
15
6.—Pekin Sleigh Road	
7.—Perry Creek Road	
8.—Mount Baker Road	
Easy.
Rough.
10.—Mount Baker Trail	
Route 6	
„       8	
11.—Hospital Creek Trail	
12.—Perry Creek Trail	
Route 7	
Very rough.
13.—Hell's Roaring Trail	
The population of the town of Cranbrook is about 2,000, and of the section 2,100. There
are in the section 240 parcels of land, besides town lots, 234 mineral claims and 18 placer
mining leases. There are no mines shipping ore over the highways. There are 6 saw-mills
in operation.
Route 1—Heavy general traffic. Made general repairs and improvements to the roadway on Hanson Avenue and Lewis Street.
Route 2—Heavy general traffic.    Made necessary repairs.
Route 3—Heavy farming and mining traffic; mail route. Widened grades near the
Mission and constructed diversion near North Star branch crossing.
Route 4—Light general traffic.
Route 5—Heavy farming, lumbering and mining traffic.    Made necessary repairs.
Route 6—Light mining traffic.
Route 7—Medium mining traffic. Extended road 5 miles through very heavy cuttings.
The Kootenay Placer Company have extended the road to the old shaft.
Route 8—Heavy mining traffic on part.
Route 9—Light mining traffic.    Cut out the branch trail on Weaver Creek.
Route 10—Light mining traffic.
Route 11—Light mining traffic.    Constructed a 6-mile trail on a waggon road location.
Route 12—Heavy mining traffic.
Route 13—Light mining traffic.
Moyie, Yahk and Gold Creek Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.—Moyie Streets	
Rough.
Very rough.
8
6
18
5
50
6
40
3.—South Road	
6.—Yahk and Gold Creek Trail...
„     3	
4	
it
7.—Plumbob Trail	
Rough.
//
Wardner	 E 90
Public Works Report.
1904
This section has a population of about 250, of which 150 are in the town of Moyie.
There are 37 parcels of land and 163 mineral claims around Moyie, and 20 parcels of land
around Gold Creek. The Yahk country is all unoccupied. There are 2 saw-mills in operation.
None of the mines are shipping ore over the highways.
Route 1—Light general traffic. Work performed included the maintaining of streets
and roads, and repairing freshet damages which occurred in the spring of 1903.
Route 2 —Very light general traffic.
Route 3—Light farming and lumbering traffic.    Made general repairs.
Route 4—Light general traffic.
Route 5—Very light traffic.
Route 6 — Practically no traffic.
Route 7—Light farming traffic.
Route 8—Light traffic.
St. Mary's Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.—Kimberley and Marysville Sts
2.—St. Mary's Road	
3.—Kimberley Road	
4.—Sullivan Road	
8.—St. Mary's Main Trail
9.    East Fork St. Marv's Trail
Easv.
23
4
3
19
2
7
12
15
14
5
4
Rough.
Very rough.
Kimberley	
Route 2	
„      8	
10.—North Fork Trail ."	
,,      8	
„      8	
,,      8	
„     8	
„      8	
„     8	
H._West Fork Trail	
12.—South Fork Trail	
„
13._White Fish Trail	
//
14.—Pyramid Trail	
15.—Alki Trail	
II
tr
The population of the towns of Marysville and Kimberley is about 100 each, and of the
whole section about 250. There are in the section 34 parcels of land and 384 mineral claims.
Development work is being done on mineral claims on the West Fork and Whitefish Creek,
supplies for which are hauled on Routes 2, 9, 11 and 13. No ore is being hauled on any
route.    There are two saw-mills in operation, utilising Routes 2 and 3.
Route 2.—Medium farming and mining traffic ; made general repairs.
Routes 3 and 4.—Medium mining traffic; made necessary repairs.
Route 8.—Heavy mining traffic ; made general repairs.
Route 9.—Light mining traffic.
Route 10.—Light mining traffic ; extended trail 5 miles.
Route 11.—Heavy mining traffic; made slight repairs.
Route 12.—Light mining traffic.
Route 13.—Medium mining traffic; built 5 miles of new trail.
Route 14.—No traffic at present.
Route 15.—No traffic at present.
Skookumchuck Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.—Mission to Wasa Road .   	
15
17
18
6
24
8
10
via Cherry Centre	
Kimberley	
Route 5    ....
„     5 	
Medium.
Easy.
Rough.
Easy.
4.    Wasa to Ta Ta Road	
Rough.
7.—Kootenay River Trail	 4 Ed. 7
East Kootenay District (South Riding).
E 91
There is no town in this district.     The population is about 50.     There are 17 parcels of
land and 42 mineral claims.
Route 1.—Medium general traffic.    Improved grades and removed boulders.
Route 2:—Light farming traffic, and large traffic by Indians.
Route 3.—Light farming traffic.    Cut out fallen timber and removed boulders.
Route 4.—Light farming traffic.
Route 5.—Light traffic.    Made general repairs.
Route 6.—Very light mining traffic.
Route 7.—Very light mining traffic.
Fort Steele Section.
Route.
2.
3.
.  4.
5.
6.
i.
8.-
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.-
-Fort Steele Streets  	
-Southern Trunk Road	
-Golden Road    	
-Fenwick Road	
-Wild Horse Road	
-Lewis and Tracy Road ..
-Cranbrook Road	
-Mission Road	
-Perry Creek Road    ...
-Isidore Road	
-Wardner Road	
-Bell's Ranch Road	
-Chickamon Stone Road	
-Main Wild Horse Trail  ....
-North Fork Wild Horse Trail
-East Fork Wild Horse Trail .
-Tanglefoot Trail	
-Bull River North Trail	
-Six-Mile Trail	
Miles.
16
38
12
19
13
7
3
3
16
21
3
4
3
13
6
28
5
6
Starting Point.
Fort Steele
Quirk's	
Steele and Bummer's Flat.
Bummer's Flat	
Fort Steele	
Markley Flat	
Mission	
Markley Flat	
Westport	
Beaven's	
Victoria Gulch
The Forks	
Fort Steele.
Route 13...
3...
Description of
Country.
Very easy.
Easy.
Rough.
Part easy, part rough.
Rough.
Easy.
Rough in part.
Rough.
Very rough.
Easy.
This section has a population of 300, of which 250 are in the town of Fort Steele. There
are 141 parcels of land, besides town lots, 339 mineral claims, 3 mining leases and 6 placer
claims. There is one saw-mill in operation. No mines are shipping ore. The best farms in
South-East Kootenay are in this section.
Route 1—Light general traffic.    Made slight repairs.
Route 2—Includes waggon bridge over Bull River. Light general traffic. Built protection to road near Galbraith Bridge and watched Bull River Bridge during freshet of 1903.
Route 3—-Medium general traffic. A mail route. Repaired road thoroughly between
Wasa and mile-post No. 38.
Roule 4—Medium farming traffic.
Route 5—Light mining traffic.    Made slight repairs.
Route 6—Light farming and mining traffic.    Made slight repairs.
Route 7—Heavy general traffic.    Made general repairs and turnpiked road in Westport.
Route 8—Medium general traffic.
Route 9—Medium mining traffic.    Maintained and repaired ramps near the Mission.
Route 10—Light farming traffic.
Route 11—Partly a mail route, with heavy general traffic; balance with light traffic.
Made slight repairs.
Route 12—Light farming traffic.
Route 13—Very light mining traffic.
Route 14—Medium mining traffic. Built cut-off near Fort Steele, on a waggon road
location ; heavy rock work.
Route 15—Medium mining traffic. Cut out brush to end of trail, which extends to Sheep
Creek.
Route 16—Light mining traffic.
Route 17—Light mining traffic.
Route 18—Light mining traffic.
Route 19—Light mining traffic-
Made general repairs. E 92 Public Works Report. 1904
STATEMENT    OF    EXPENDITURE.
 o	
Roads, Streets, Bridges and Wharves.
July 1st, 1902, to June 30th, 1908.
Vote 131.—North Victoria District.
Salt Spring Island roads $ 2,847 25
North Saanich  1,291  75
Mayne Island  570 95
Pender Island  593 15
Galiano Island  172 25
Superintending Engineer   526 90
Vote 132.—South Victoria District.
6,002 25
Saanich road  432 36
Telegraph road  52 50
Blenkinsop Lake road        829 25
Oak Bay road  3  15
Ruckles' road  103 00
Cordova Bay road  338 00
McNeil road  48 00
Durance road  10 00
Fowl Bay road  6 00
Lime Kiln road , . ,  7 00
Cedar Hill road  54 00
ii         cross-road  4 00
Mount Newton cross-road ■ • • ■  190 00
Richmond road  5 00
Burnside road  284 20
Hariet road  65 00
Carev road  288 50
Todd" road  115 50
Shoal Bay road  19 00
Sears road      4 00
Mount Tolmie road  130 50
ii           cross-road  113 00
Brooks' cross road      276 00
Happy Valley road  234 50
Butler's cross-road  94 00
West Saanich road ,  295 00
East                 H         745 45
Cordova Bay cross-road  172 50
Prospect Lake road      110 00
Hampshire road ,  4 00
Helmcken road  168 00
Wilkinson cross-road  8 00
Carried forward           5,209 41 4 Ed. 7                                Statement of Expenditure. E 93
Brought forward $ 5,209 41
Vote 131.—South Victoria District.—Concluded.
Roache's road , . 28 00
Robertson's road  92 69
Feltham road  105 00
Gordon Head road  157 30
Cadboro Bay road   283 95
Gorge road  33 57
Colquitz River bridge  20 80
Glanford avenue      549 00
Lynwood avenue   6 00
Tolmie avenue  14 00
Speed avenue  3 00
Holland avenue  16 50
Cook street  181 50
Quadra street  30 50
General roads  210 46
Road Superintendent and Superintending Engineer  1,050 00
Vote 133.—Esquimalt District.
Otter Point Division roads
Renfrew
Esquimalt
East Sooke
Metchosin
Highland
Sooke
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk road  	
Sooke Lake-Leech River road	
Arc Light Esquimalt Township	
Road Superintendent and Superintending Engineer
Vote 134.—Cowichan District.
Cowichan Lake (south shore) road .
ii (north shore) road
ii road	
Mount Sicker-Somenos road	
Copper Canyon road   	
Beach road	
Lake Side road	
Old Koksilah road	
Bench road	
Carvell Jackson road	
Mount Sicker-Westholme road . . .
McKinley-Doupe road	
Koksilah Flats road	
Chapman's road	
Duncan road	
Cobble Hill road  	
Richard III. Mine	
Koenig's road	
Mount Sicker-Copper Canyon road
$ 7,991
68
1,025
383
25
80
2,019
550
46
00
1,521
1,771
2,436
20
80
78
93
00
100
00
264
00
898
94
$ 10,991
96
$ 130
25
121
00
882
25
87
17
190
62
514
98
90
62
567
36
48
00
84
50
81
75
235
61
205
00
98
99
86
12
75
25
100
00
51
00
188
50
Carried forward       3,838 97 E 94
Public Works Report.
1904
Brought forward $   3,838 97
Vote 134.—Cowichan District.—Concluded.
Westholme road  84 00
Tyee road  174 75
Dighton's road  28 25
Shawnigan Lake road  165 12
Whiskey Point road  104 37
Sooke Lake-Leech River road  100 00
Telegraph road  238 30
Thain's road     34 00
Sahtlam road  373 87
Indian road  255 76
Cowichan River road  122 50
Riverside road  280 50
Mountain road :  71 75
Marshall's road  214 48
Cavin road  165 00
Waters' road  56 25
Victoria-Nanaimo trunk road  7  74
Shawnigan District roads  104 12
Glenora District roads  34 75
General roads  399 84
Shawnigan Lake bridge  100 87
Duncan bridge  301 52
General bridges  . . .  41  00
Koksilah River, cutting out jam  141  48
Bear Valley Creek, clearing ,  225 00
Superintending Engineer  237 70
$7,911 89
Vote 135.—Alberni District.
China Creek road       $    962 77
Sproat Lake road  399 25
Clayoquot-Ucluelet road           362 05
Ucluelet Peninsular road  512 00
Deer Creek road  137 50
McCoy Lake road    55 00
Kitsucksus road   10 00
Beaver Creek roads  1,854 66
Alberni Townsite roads  1,148 38
Cherry Creek roads  783 15
Quatsino roads  530 68
Clayoquot roads  891 62
Cape Scott roads    402 00
Ucluelet roads    50 75
Browning Pass-Schooner Cove trail  62 00
Bear River trail  37 80
Peninsular trail  16 00
Ucluelet Peninsular-Wreck Bay trail  277 15
Ucluelet-Long Beach trail  11 00
Sproat River bridge  24 00
Townsite Road bridge  46 10
Beaver Creek bridges  88 00
Parkinson's landing  90
Superintending Engineer  135 00
,797 76 4 Ed. 7
Statement of Expenditure.
E 95
Vote 136.—North Nanaimo District.
Dudley's road  $    53 75
Fisher's road  30 00
Morrison's road  147 00
McKibbon's road  44 50
Rickart's and Durmont's road         10 00
Page's road  47 23
Manuel, Crow and Planta's road  53 25
Lowry and Craig's road  53 00
Brabley's road     16 25
Englishman's River-French Creek road  316 25
Parksville cross road  53 25
Errington road  44 75
Walker's road  96 48
Weigh's road  11 25
Westwood's road    271 00
Departure Bay-Wellington road  34 00
Wellington-Nanoose road  414 50
Northfield-Departure Bay road    Ill  25
Nanaimo-Departure Bay road  13 00
Nanoose Bay road  1,190 50
East Wellington road  168 75
Robinson-Turner-Horth's road  16 00
E. Wellington to No. 5 Shaft road  51 00
Kelly and others' road  55 00
Beaver Creek Wharf road  35 00
N. W. Bay road  100 62
Hamilton, Tippet's road    65 00
Wallis' road  21 50
Nanoose-Englishman's River road  393 99
Haggert's road ...    , 4 00
Auld's road  14 00
General roads  609 04
Nanoose Bay bridge  50 88
French Creek bridge (protection)  42 75
Superintending Engineer and Road Superintendent  328 30
$ 4,967 04
Vote 137.—South Nanaimo District.
Chase River to Ladysmith (Victoria Trunk) road $ 2,662 36
Ladysmith to Russell's Crossing road  ,  6,124 78
Harewood-Extension road  835 95
Thatcher's road  6 25
Dolan's road  25 00
Nanaimo Lake road  22 00
Westwood's road    271 00
Taylor's road  202 50
Waterloo-Frost's road  69 50
Dolan-Quennel's road  114 00
Thomas-Brenton's road  103 25
Christie's road   Ill 25
Main Trunk road  693 45
Summer-Hammond's road  167 50
Nanaimo River road  6 75
Texada Island roads    1,013 10
Gabriola          n             5 00
Carried forward $12,433 64 E 96                                          Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward $12,433  64
Vote 137.—South Nanaimo District.—Concluded.
General roads  1,793 46
Ladysmith to N. F. Chemainus River trail  199 50
Hong Kong bridge  36 20
Isbister's bridge  32 43
Gabriola Island wharf  17  15
Embankment at Cassidy's  13  25
Road Superintendent and Superintending Engineer  569 35
$15,094 98
Vote 138.—Nanaimo City District $   1,739 72
Vote 139.—Comox District.
Point Holmes road         $    148 48
Creech road  150 16
Salmon River road     744 25
Union Mine Camp (through) road  199 00
J. Cowie's road  154 00
Upper Prairie road   ,      615 99
Cumberland and Courtenay road       1,056  28
Burns-McKelvey road  194 86
Back (Comox) road  455 71
Lower Prairie road  199 17
Minto School-house road  271 63
H. McQuillan's road  103 99
Tom Wood's road  29 50
Fraser-Harrigan road  130 10
C. Bridges' to Creech's  455 68
Smith-Ledingham road  230 23
Courtenay-Roy's road  852 00
Cumberland-Japtown road  3 »20
Cumberland-Roy's road  9 00
Black Creek road  33  57
Union Bay road  14 25
Smith's road  3 37
Oyster River road ,  60 00
Union Bay-Comox road     447 25
J. McDonald's (Lot 158) road  48 36
Courtenay to Union Bay road  11  25
Ryan Bros', road  25 00
Comox Wharf road  24 00
Lund-Malaspina Inlet road  200 25
Oyster River-Black Creek road ,  36 36
To McKay's lot, road  76 50
Harvey-Minto School-house road  31 00
Smith's cross-road  189 50
Miller-Williams' road  848 62
Roy's road  19 87
Winger's road  27 75
Flat (Comox) road  21  50
A. Cowie's road  132 87
Parkinson-Milligan road   1 20
To Lots 32 and 14, roads   145 22
Carried forward     $8,400 92 4 Ed. 7                                 Statement of Expenditure.
E 97
Brnunht  fnrmwrd.  .
$8,400 92
Vote No.  139.—Comox District.—
Denman Island roads   	
-Concluded.
348 50
Valdez                 n             	
608 06
Cortez                 ii            	
199 05
Hornby             n           	
268 00
Hernando          n            	
25 50
Lake trail	
315 30
Coal Harbour-Hardy Bay trail	
1,407 60
Read Island wharf	
Vote 140.—Vancouver Island
Victoria to Nanaimo.
Goldstream to Shawnigan Lake Division	
Main
Trunk
Road.
$1,046 65
1,998 88
1,187 52
192 00
239 25
376 90
$12,381 08
Nanaimo to Comox.
$4,233 05
$750 00
2,249 93
Comox Division .   	
Parksville to Alberni.
North Nanaimo Division	
2,999 93
$690
920
00
06
Alberni Division        ....
Vote 141.—Westminster District
1 (Richmond
1,610 06
Riding).
$8,843 04
$ 35 10
954 56
Squamish trunk road	
121  50
4,664 07
978 90
2,407 85
323 01
Bowen Island road	
Elphingstone Settlement road	
656 67
6 50
Hastings Townsite road	
164 23
196 40
Eburne (Caretaker) bridges	
238 08
270 00
Anvil Island wharf	
Gibson Landing and Bowen Island wharves....
316 20
103 65
Road Superintendent and Clerk   	
973 65
112,410 37 E 98 Public Works Report. 1904
Vote 142.—Westminster District (Dewdney Riding).
Dewdney trunk road	
Port Moody-Westminster trunk road .
McDonald road	
Hatzic Prairie trunk road	
Morris Valley road    	
Pitt River-Keatsey Slough road	
Pitt River bridge and road	
Mission City bridges and roads	
Port Moody sidewalks and roads . . . .
Nicomen Island roads	
General roads	
Mrama Creek bridge	
Irvine's (Coquitlam) bridge	
Bonson wharf	
Keatsey wharf	
Pitt River ferry	
Pitt River ferry scow	
Road Superintendent and Clerk	
$ 177
35
212
83
199
60
30
21
200
15
123
10
634
95
881
51
1,132
58
213
55
265
78
12
73
18
50
131
85
16
00
402
27
527
17
819
18
$5,999
31
Vote 143.—Westminster District, Chilliwhack Riding.
Abbotsford-Huntingdon road $ 760 64
Mount Baker road  1,717 79
Sumas Mountain road  302 20
Murphy Landing-Wade road  50 50
Yale road (Matsqui section)  804 55
Yale road ,  77 73
Vedder Mountain road  632 54
Vey road  236 00
Cultus Lake trail  475 70
Opening road from Lower Sumas road across Lower Sumas Prairie  300 00
General roads  2 50
Road Superintendent and clerk , 649 40
$ 6,008 55
Vote 144.—Westminster District, Delta Riding.
McLennan road $ 405 96
Yale road (McCallum's Hill to Matsqui)  1,003 75
Yale road (McCallum's Hill to Brownsville)  789 49
Yale-Delta branch road  700 00
Kirkland road  308 75
Langley-Surrey Townline road ,  399 85
Hall's Prairie road  428 10
Shortreed's road  395 00
Scott road  204 00
Biggars' Prairie road    . . 356 25
Delta Dyke road  85 00
New Westminster-Ladner road  9 00
Ladner road (survey)  418 27
General roads  46 87
H. Jorth's road bridge    661 56
Cutting down hill on Townline road north of Shortreed's  54 25
Assistance to settlers from Hall's Prairie east 1 mile of Boundary Line. . 185 90
Road Superintendent and clerk  705 50
$ 7,157 50 4 Ed. 7
Statement of Expenditure.
E 99
Vote 145.—Yale District, North Riding.
Shuswap-Kault road $ 139 10
Nicola Hamilton Hill road     365 50
Grand Prairie road  1,570 59
Kamloops-Shuswap road  156 12
Mountain road  34 38
Old Men's Home road  5 62
Harper-McBryan Valley road ,  92  61
N. Thompson (west side) road  50 57
ii          (east    ii   ) road  466 28
Lewis Creek  151 42
Glenemma road ,  7 50
Grand Prairie-Fish Lake road  175 00
Notch Hill road  175 75
Desdero road  204 41
Coal Hill Extension road       120 46
Foot Hill road      318 50
Salmon Arm-Kault road  97 20
West Side, Salmon Arm road  270 89
Savona-Kamloops road  114 37
Paxon-Six Mile Creek road  261 00
Salmon Arm-Enderby road ,  75 61
Arthur-Murray road  101  25
Tolputt road  12 25
Canoe Creek School-house road  47 50
Douglas Lake road    17 12
Kamloops-Nicola road  1,726 90
Campbell Creek road  28 50
Salmon Arm-Foot Hill road  47 99
South Thompson (north side) road      95 50
Savona Ferry road      28 00
Sweeten roads  123 10
Tappen Siding roads  303 25
Craigellachie roads  697 25
Salmon Arm roads      615 44
General roads  1,295 33
South Thompson (including caretaker) bridge  325 38
Kamloops                       n                   n              ii         374 00
Merrall ditch, Salmon Arm  515 00
Road Superintendent  793 85
$12,000 49
Vote 146.—Yale District, West Riding.
Spence's Bridge, Nicola road  3,328 24
Hope-Popcum road  1,515 39
Granite Creek road      1,594 35
Princeton-20-Mile Creek road  429 00
ii        Granite Creek road  320 50
Nicola                    „                     768 25
Cache Creek-Savona road   32 29
Venable Valley road  273 82
Barnes-Lehman road  7 50
Nicola-Granite Creek-Princeton road .  92 50
Ashcroft-Pennie road  65 32
n        Cornwall road  11 25
Barnes-Pennie road , 15 00
Carried forward  8,453 41 E 100 Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward $ 8,453 41
Vote No. 146.—Yale District, West Riding.—
Concluded.
Lytton-Lillooet road : ,  7 70
Old Cariboo road  103 50
Deadman Creek road  30 00
Yale-Texas Lake road  18 10
General roads  192 09
Spence's Bridge Ferry      30 88
Savona Ferry  456 68
Lytton (Earl) Ferry  742 83
Similkameen trail  385 30
Hope Summit-Nicola trail  80 50
Lytton-Spence's Bridge trail  108 00
Roach River trail ,  42 00
Summit trail  35 75
Tulameen bridge  5 00
Nicola bridge  65 14
Deadman Creek bridge  187 00
Road Superintendent. ,  1,055 30
$11,999 18
Vote 147.—Yale District (East Riding).
Northern Division.
Lumby-Shuswap road    $    470 83
Swan Lake-Enderby road  782 87
Vernon-Lumby road  942 41
Marrion Creek road       324 87
Junction Ranch-Twin Lakes roads  25 00
Trinity Valley roads ,  90 00
Black Mountain road - , 38 00
Pleasant Valley road  176 75
Long Lake road  20 00
Vernon-Okanagan Mission road  9 25
Trout Creek-Penticton road       6 50
Vernon                                    section roads  1,063 99
Shuswap                                           ii             1,346 12
West side Okanagan Lake            n             2,562 66
Okanagan Mission                          n                 3,695 23
Cherry Creek                                   n             705 14
Enderby                                           ■■             2,164 62
Lumby                                              i,             1,062 55
White Valley                                  „  7 00
Mara                                                 i,             822 41
General roads  31  70
Clearing Mission Creek of log-jams, building cribs, etc  1,243 49
Enderby bridge protection   18 50
Protecting bridge, west side Okanagan Lake  402  86
Vernon to Lumby tram road, survey  19 00
Road Superintendent  1,436 45
Long Lake dam  148 40
Carried forward  19,616  60 4 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. E 101
Brought forward $ 19,616  60
Vote No.  146.—Yale District (East Riding).—
Concluded.
Southern Division.
West Fork Kettle River road  172 00
Keremeos-White Lake road  479  77
Camp McKinney-Rock Creek road  1,233  58
Similkameen road  183 94
Fairview-Penticton road ,  791   11
Similkameen-20-Mile Creek road  38 00
Fairview-Okanagan Falls road  400 10
ii          Camp McKinney road  338 95
n          Keremeos road  619 76
Sidley-Camp McKinney road  52 50
Nickel Plate-Fish Lake road  621 00
Keremeos-20-Mile road  338 08
Nickel Plate road  545 50
Fish Lake road  369 75
Armstrong's Ferry road          68 00
Shell Rock Hill-Fairview-Penticton road    399 50
Penticton-J unction road  216 25
Keremeos Creek Crossing-Fish Lake road  50 50
Penticton-Nickel Plate Mine road  4 45
Keremeos-Similkameen road  8 50
Osoyoos-                         „           22 50
ii        Fairview road    ....     22 00
White Horse-Penticton road     54 50
Camp McKinney-Victoria trail  5 00
Hedley-Nickel Plate trail  164 75
Fairview roads  46 01
General roads       9 75
Anarchist Mountain roads  450 00
South of Penticton roads     92  75
Road and bridge, vicinity of Cascade  750 00
Rock Creek bridge  85 40
$28,250 50
Vote 148.—Lillooet District, East Riding.
Upper Dog Creek road $ 329 83
Clinton-Lillooet road  174 60
Clinton-Alkali road  2,758 70
Pigeon-Raphael road  324 50
Canoe Creek-Churn Creek Ferry road  307 00
Gustafsen's road  30 00
Dog Creek-Churn Creek Ferry road  48 00
70-Mile House-Jamieson's road  30 00
Hat Creek road  394 65
Upper Hat Creek road  302 50
Big Bar road  150 00
108-Mile-Horsefly road  10 00
Bridge Creek-Horse Lake road  25 50
70-Mile House- Raphael's road  95 50
70-Mile House-North Bonaparte road  299 50
Bridge Creek-Canim Lake road  61 00
Carried forward      5,341  28 52
00
12
50
6
25
100
00
50
00
551
25
231
35
55
00
6
00
330
86
392
53
35
00
75
00
760
00
$ 7,999
02
E 102 Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward, $   5,341 28
Vote No. 148.—Lillooet District (East Riding).—
Concluded.
Rayson's road	
Carson's road	
Upper Bonaparte road	
McKinlay-Hamilton-Ogden road . -.	
Oldham road          	
Wood's road    	
Upper Deadman's Creek road	
Crow's road	
General roads	
Cribbing Kelly's Lake	
Churn Creek Ferry	
Wintering horses	
Protection work, Bonaparte River	
Road Superintendent	
Vote 149.—Lillooet District, West Riding.
Chadwick road , $ 40 00
Lillooet-Seaton Lake road  98 75
Lillooet-Clinton road  1,348 65
Lillooet-Lytton road   1,460 50
Marble Canyon road  230 00
Cayoosh Creek road  10 00
Hoey-Chadwick road       150 00
Bridge river road  975 50
Seaton Lake road     73 75
Pemberton-Portage road  626 00
Gang Ranch road  393 65
Empire Valley road  376 50
Wycott road  98 50
North Fork from mouth of Bridge River trail  243 00
West side Fraser River trail  333 47
Seaton Lake trail  183 01
Anderson Lake trail  78 50
Street crossings, Lillooet  27 35
Tool house  78 70
St. Mary's Creek bridge  52 00
Fraser River bridge  589 99
Pemberton Meadows  325 00
General roads      279 72
Road Superintendent  933 00
$   9,005 54
Vote 150.—Cariboo District.
Northern Division.
Dragon Creek road  $    895 87
8-Mile Lake-Stewart Creek  ' 382 12
Antler-Cunningham Creek road  617 82
Chilcotin Main road  434 57
Lowhee road  115 75
Carried forward  2,446 13 4 Ed. 7                                 Statement of Expenditure. E 103
Brought forivard $ 2,446  13
Vote 150.—Cariboo District.—Concluded.
Northern Division.—Concluded.
Slough Creek road  107 62
Lightning Creek road  3 50
Lovett   '             n  25 00
Williams             ii           35 75
Grouse                   93 00
Chilcotin from Chimney Creek Ferry road  42 00
Barkerville-Stanley road  78 44
Mosquitoe-Hardscrabble Creek road      188  12
Pleasant Valley road  48 75
Steamboat Landing road  9 00
Opposite Deep Creek, below Soda Creek, winter road  140 00
Richfield-Stanley old road  227 82
Cotton Ranch road  14 00
Loon Lake road  51 00
Soda Creek Ferry road  99 00
Harrison-Beaver Creek road  252 00
Durrell road  100 00
Springfield Farm road  347 50
Alexandria-Mud Lake road  104 75
Alexandria-Beaver Lake road  120 00
Baker-McFee road  35 00
Jack of Clubs Creek road  100 00
8-Mile Creek and Cornish Creek roads    48 00
General roads  182 50
Quesnel-Manson Creek trail     :  400 75
Sugar Creek trail  6 50
Omineca trail       18 00
Bear Lake trail  32 50
Bear Lake-Goat River trail  39 00
Chilcotin River bridge  40 50
Road Superintendent  761 50
Rifle range  117 75
Southern Division.
108-Horsefly road  650 00
150-               ..         1,42125
Black Bear Creek road  18 00
150-Quesnel Forks road  2,149 75
Quesnel Forks-Quesnel Lake road     110 50
Bear Lake Valley-Horsefly road  337  60
Alkali Lake road  31 00
Chimney Creek Bridge road  573 01
158-Quesnel Forks road  860 45
Knife Creek-Horsefly road  100 00
ii       16 50
Onward Ranch-Sugar Cane road  6 00
General roads  67 50
Tool-house, Harper's Camp  55 00
Quesnel Forks-Keith!ey Creek trail  340 75
Horsefly River-Eureka Creek trail  990 65
Barkerville-Keithley Creek trail  91  45
Spanish Creek trail  265 50
$14,400 29 E 104 Public Works Report. 1904
Vote 151.—East Kootenay District (North Riding).
Main Trunk road $ 2,986 39
Canterbury road  32  25
West side Windermere Lake road  553 50
Windermere Loop road  429 25
Toby Creek road    2,449 12
Wilmer Landing road  1,244 50
Horse Thief road   .  2,147 11
North Fork Sleigh road  300 00
Windermere Cemetery road  100 00
Athalmer to Main road  • 24 00
Wilmer-No. 2 Creek road  379 50
Findlay Creek road  75 00
Montgomery's road  25 00
Toby Creek trail  87 50
Law             ii         25 00
Boulder       .,         208 00
Quartz         n         18 75
Ice River trail  23 95
Big Bend trail  1,391  10
Bugaboo trail  250 50
Mineral Creek trail      50 00
McMurdo District trails  484 50
Toby Creek bridge  3 00
Athalmar Draw bridge (Caretaker)  175  00
Briscoe Landing bridge  13 20
No. 3 Creek bridge   25 00
Kootenay River bridge (washout)  14 00
  25 25
Bridges and footwalks  918 50
Kicking Horse bridges   40 75
$14,499 62
Vote 152.—East Kootenay District (South Riding).
Fernie section  $ 311 32
St. Mary's section  2,372 58
Michel section  46 10
Jaffray section  291 95
Elko section  30 06
Skookumchuck section      48  90
Morrissey section   260 95
Elko and Tobacco Plains section  216 63
Moyie section  324 65
Fort Steele section  1,835 44
Cranbrook section  2,378  12
Perry Creek road  2,378 13
Wild Horse road  799 64
General roads  10 55
Boulder Creek trail  147 00
Wild Horse trails  122 00
Slough (at Fernie) bridge      252 50
Coal Creek bridge  374 05
Elk River (pack) bridge      119 03
Lewis Creek bridge  44 58
Kootenay River bridge  950 61
Levitt bridge  30 00
Elk River bridge  307 49
Road Superintendent  853 80
$14,506 08 4 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. E 105
Vote 153.—West Kootenay District (Revelstoke Riding).
Camborne-Thompson Landing road	
Trout Lake road	
Columbia River road     	
Trout Lake-Ferguson road	
Camborne-Beaton road ,	
South Fork Lardeau road	
Illecillewaet Settlers' road	
Fish Creek (extension) road     	
Big Bend road	
Cut-off, Trout Lake-Ferguson road	
Trout Lake-Thompson Landing road	
South Fork Trout Lake road	
Greeley Creek road	
Settlers road, north of C. P. R., to connect with Big Bend road .
Fire Valley road       1,043
Beaton (winter) road.
Fish River (west side) road       1,543
Fish River (east side) road	
North Fork Illecillewaet or Waverley Mines road.
Jordan Pass trail	
Trout Lake to Summit trail    	
South Fork Healy Creek trail	
Pingston Creek trail  	
North Fork Lardeau trail	
Cranberry Creek trail	
Goldstream trail	
Isaac Creek trail	
Silver Bell trail	
Oyster trail	
Silver Creek trail	
Canyon trail	
North Fork Ferguson trail	
10-Mile trail	
Keystone trail	
Kettle River (Fire Valley) trail	
Illecillewaet-Albert Canyon trail	
Poole Creek trail	
Menhenick Creek trail	
Hot Springs (Nakusp) trail	
Old Gold trail	
Great Northern trail	
Sand Creek trail	
Burton City trails	
Gold Hill and Fish River trails	
Big Bend trails	
Innohoklan Creek (Williams' Ranch) bridge	
ii (Robinson's Ranch) bridge	
Goldfields bridge.	
Poole Creek bridge	
Deep Creek bridge	
Fish River bridge	
Comaplix bridge.
Goldstream bridge
Trout Creek bridge	
Beaton bridges	
Fire Valley (Page's Landing) wharf.
$ 138
75
988
06
783
90
989
75
445
10
349
7.4
18
50
332
00
368
00
35
15
113
50
613
60
184
75
170
70
1,043
95
20
00
1,543
25
519
00
41
00
138
80
31
00
50
00
30
00
55
00
25
00
3
00
132
75
40
00
50
00
175
00
115
00
14
00
6
00
12
00
47
00
15
00
118
40
25
00
75
85
22
50
30
00
25
00
396
50
45
00
940
95
91
90
68
75
152
00
792
12
99
00
100
00
1
75
10
00
35
00
59
35
100
00
Carried forward     12,827 32 E 106 Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward $ 12,827 32
Vote No. 153.—West Kootenay District (Revelstoke
Riding).—Concluded.
Columbia River, at Revelstoke  9 95
Clearing North Fork Illecillewaet  30 00
General roads, trails and snow service  1,057 40
Camborne ferry  47 85
Road Superintendents  527 50
$14,500 02
Vote 154.—West Kootenay District, Slocan Riding.
Star Mine road % 396 85
McGuigan road  499 50
South Fork Kaslo Creek road  3,161 96
New Denver-Silver Mountain road  323 94
Silverton-4-Mile Creek road  448 25
Molly Gibson road  349 50
Springer Creek road  476 50
10-Mile road  499 00
Kaslo-Three Forks road  72 40
Fauquier's Landing road       100 00
Three Forks-Sandon-Cody road  297 90
Slocan City-Lemon Creek road  36 00
Howser-Lardo River road  249 55
Queen Bess road  100 00
Meteor Mine road  25 00
Slocan-Beaver Creek road  499 78
West Arm Kootenay Lake road  498 55
Slocan-Republic road  100 00
New Denver-Silverton road  74 95
Crawford Creek road  201 00
Ainsworth (North) road  18 00
Lemon Creek road  2,250 00
Hamil Creek trail  246 87
Bjerkness Creek trail  199 98
Woodberry Creek, North Fork, trail  374 52
Crawford Creek trail  199 00
Duncan River trail  1,301  85
10-Mile Creek trail  260 35
Pilot Bay-Crawford Bay trail  18 00
Bismark trail ,  148 45
Sturges Creek trail  101 75
Sandon-Reco trail  100 00
Coffee Creek trail  197 75
Sixth South Fork Lemon Creek trail  150 00
Blue Ridge trail  22 00
Sandon Creek trail  73 00
Hooker Creek trail  21 00
Carpenter Creek (S. Fork) trail  48 00
L. H. trail  73 00
Bear Lake-Silver Glance trail  192  25
Carpenter Creek (N. Fork) trail  98 50
Long Creek trail  25 00
Meadow Creek trail  97 00
Carried forward  14,626 90 4 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. E 107
Brought forward $ 14,626 90
Vote No. 154.—West Kootenay District (Slocan
Riding) .—Concluded.
Fry Creek trail  964 63
Washington Mine trail  98 50
Antoine Mine trail  97 25
North Fork Springer Creek trail  200 30
Ottawa Mine trail  125 00
Wonderful Mine trail   100 00
Lemon Creek trail  250 72
Lardo River trail  86 00
New Denver-Three Forks trail  50 00
Wilson Creek trail  18 00
Three Forks-Bear Lake trail   16 50
12-Mile Creek trail      42 00
New Denver sidewalks  102 35
Silverton bridge (protection)  207 97
Carpenter Creek bridge (protection)  261 05
ii                     ii       approaches  1,630 13
Ainsworth Wharf  80 49
Road Superintendent  1,781 85
$20,739 64
Vote 155.—West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding).
Trail-Sayward road  512 48
Nelson-49 Creek road  202 51
Main Fork, Wild Horse Creek road  200 00
North    „            ,i                    „         ,  280 35
Cottonwood Creek road  569 31
Cut-off, Nelson to 49-Creek road    364 38
Wilcox Mines road  800 00
Yellowstone road  1,793 11
Mountain Section-Nelson road  62 25
Ymir road          1,515 77
Sanca-White Grouse Mountain road ,  250 00
Creston road to North Creston road  796 05
Porcupine Creek road  .     6,024 46
Alice road  101 75
Porto Rico road  143 00
Athabasca-Venus road  300 50
Kitchener road  138 50
Erie road  226 75
Hall Mines road  134  25
Mountain road   21  25
May-Jennie road  94 25
General roads  15 30
Bird         Creek trail  372 28
Quartz               it           188 15
Summit             n          140 47
La France-Davie Creek trail  30 00
Jubilee trail  40 00
Russell       Creek trail  495 00
Whitewater        „           100 00
Corn                   ii  339 74
Carried forward  16,251 86 E 108                                      Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward $16,251  86
Vote 155.—West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding).—Concluded.
Eagle          Creek trail  15 00
Greys'                  , :     285 40
Champion            n  35  00
Hall Mines trail  50 00
Porcupine Creek to Hidden Creek trail  200 00
McDonald Group trail  310 00
Goat River Bridge to Reclamation Farm trail  27 50
Delaware trail    50 00
Athabasca trail  109  75
49 Creek trail                            bridge  113 50
Erie road (Second Relief)              n  219 25
Protecting Salmon River, Ymir  n       82 40
ii         Porcupine Creek         m       50 50
Duck Creek                                   „       98 75
Anderson Creek (Fairview)           n       10 00
Ymir                                                n       144 74
Maple street               »                   n       34 64
Fairview                  sidewalks  169 20
Hume addition              n          56 50
Road Superintendent  185 90
$18,499 89
Vote 156.—West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding).
Kettle River Division.
Grand Forks-Carson road  $      6 25
ii            Cascade road  395 69
ii            Phcenix road  85  73
ii            Anaconda road  130 57
N. F. Kettle River road      832  39
n             Greenwood road  244 48
Cascade-Christina Lake road     53 97
Gladstone-             ,,             n        109 00
Eholt-Long Lake Camp road    462 23
,i     Summit City road  192 29
Greenwood-Long Lake road  155 37
i,          Midway road  . 1,570 20
ii          Copper Camp road  456 70
n          Kimberley Camp road  46 75
Phoenix-Summit City road   96 23
Eholt-B. C. Mine road  41 50
ii     Boundary Creek road  434 25
„     N. F. Kettle River  101  32
Greenwood-Phcenix road  390 85
Gladstone-Burnt Basin road  50 00
Midway-Rock Creek road  755 36
General roads  146 08
N. F. Kettle River-Franklin Camp trail  30 25
Phcenix-White's Camp trail  24 49
Carson bridge  46 15
Ingram bridge   128 00
Midway bridge      593 70
Protection work, North Fork, at Hardy's  2,425 45
Carried forward  10,005 25 4 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. E 109
Brought forward $ 10,005 25
Vote 156.—West Kootenay District (Rossland
Riding).—Concluded.
Trail Creek Division.
Norway Mountain road     2,772 70
Red Mountain road  377 94
Trail, south road    297 00
Northport road  79 00
Trail roads  166 25
General roads '  61 95
Rossland-Gladstone trail  53 75
Dewdney trail    93 47
Sheep Lake-Arrow Lake trail ,  16 50
Murphy Creek trails  270 25
Cut-off, Gladstone trail to road  248 00
$14,442 06
Vote 157.—Cassiar District.
Bella Coola wharf and bridge  $4,463 56
Hazelton-Manson trail  2,057 11
Princess Royal Island roads  780 62
Graham Island roads  592 95
Port Simpson Division roads, etc  4,457 52
Telegraph Creek     ,,               „           81125
Atlin, Bennett Lake, Chilkat Division roads, etc  6,835 89
$19,998 90
Vote 158.—Lillooet-Lytton Main Trunk Road.
West Lillooet Division ,  $1,102 45
West Yale Division  791 21
$1,893 66
Vote 159.—Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
Sections 1 and 2    , ,   $    587 18
„       3    „   4     10,599 21
ii       5    ii    6 southern portion  6,998 86
ii       5     ii    6 northern portion  7,818 19
5,003 44
Vote 162.—Bridges Generally.
Thompson Landing, Revelstoke Riding  $ 233 50
Beaton,                                         ..               101 50
Poole Creek,                               „             ,  300 00
Okanagan River and approach, East Yale  791 05
Mclntyre Creek, East Yale  2,949 13
Copper Canyon, Cowichan District    301 90
Clem-clem-a-lutz,                 n               2,898 62
Kamloops, North Yale ■  26 39
Salmon Arm,      n            8 20
Courtenay Slough, Comox District  829 93
Tsolum River,                     „               700 00
Brought forward  9,140 22 E 110                                        Public Works Report. 1904
Brought forward $ 9,140 22
Vote 162.—Bridges Generally.—Concluded.
Goldstream, Esquimalt District   836 56
Eburne, Richmond Riding  490 35
Cayoosh Creek, West Lillooet  1,273 36
New Denver, Slocan Riding  1,155 00
Elk River, South-East Kootenay  1,836 33
Ashcroft, West Yale  235 99
Atlin, Cassiar District  1,381  94
General  33 85
$16,383 60
Vote 163—Wharves, Generally
Comox $ 478 20
Shoal Bay, Comox  393 95
Mayne Island  292 50
Prevost Island  399  47
Ganges Harbour, Salt Spring Island  899 88
Burgoyne Bay,                  n                         134 91
Retreat Cove, Galiano Island  398 57
Sidney Island  400 00
Gibson's Landing and Bowen Island  1,256 47
Ford's Cove, Hornby Island  199 89
Sturdy's Bay, Galiano Island  200 00
Port Washington, Pender Island  99 50
Texada Island  152 90
Whaleton, Cortez Island  346 30
Read Island  161 50
Heriot Bay, Valdez Island  295 93
Hernando Island  199 75
Georgeson Bay, Galiano Island  88 30
General  100 00
$ 6,498 02
Vote 177.—Contingencies.
Ice River trail and road $ 3,277 65
Toby Creek bridge  2,654 30
ii            road  320 45
Kootenay River bridge  10 00
Paradise Mine road  3,000 00
Bridge, Kicking Horse River at Leanchoil  1,200 00
Canoe River trail  3,355 20
Pemberton trail  3,010 17
Chimney Creek bridge  253 00
.,      road  2,392 87
Eburne bridges  4 55
Road, Ladysmith to Russell's Crossing  1,801  76
Government offices, Princeton  270 43
Earl's Ferry, Lytton  141  50
Approach to wharf, Bella Coola ,  7,821 57
Roads near Abbotsford (compensation)  200 00
Squamish wharf  901  89
West Fork Kettle River, road and bridge  5,070 33
East Yale roads  28 05
Carried forward  35,713 72 4 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. E 111
Brought forward $ 35,713 72
Vote 177. —Conting encies.—Concluded.
Georgeson Bay wharf  310 73
Fernwood wharf  10 00
Survey Ladner's road  520 00
Gaol, Vernon  1,023 15
Road, Hatzic Prairie to Stave Lake  180 00
ii     Westminster-Port Moody  1,000 00
Serpentine River  300 00
Delta Trunk road  500 00
Hamil Creek road  6,884 46
Summerland-Peachland road  1,316 21
Roads, etc., Atlin Division, Cassiar District  1,320 28
Road approach, Chimney Creek bridge  2,316 64
Franklin Camp road  2,460 98
Boyd-Lexington trail  493 85
Downie Creek trail  61 00
Beatrice trail  6 50
$54,417 52 E 112 Public Works Report. 1904
BRIDGES,   1902-03.
South Victoria District.
Swan Lake Bridge.
Put in new sills, new 5 inch by 12 inch floor and railing; length of bridge, 53 feet ;
width, 20 feet.
Carey Road.
Made general repairs to Colquitz River Bridge.
Prospect Road.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 14 feet wide by 6 feet high.
Butler's Cross Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Esquimalt District.
Waugh Creek Bridge, Goldstream.
This bridge having been reported unsafe for traffic, a survey was made. A new bridge
was then designed in the Public Works office, and instructions given to the road
foreman to carry out the work, which has been completed.
Cowichan District.
Beach Road Bridge.
Repaired handrail.
Cavin and Leakey Road.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 15 feet.
Cowichan Lake Road.
Repaired 2 bridges, 40 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet.
5      „ 28      ii      16      ,i      6    „
Built        2      „        27      i,      14      ..      6    ,,
Duncan-Sahtlam Road.
Built 1 bent for bridge, 16 feet by 7 feet.
Hopkins' Swamp Road.
Repaired 1 bridge, 12 feet by 14 feet.
Koksilah River Side Road.
Built 1 bridge, 22 feet by 14 feet by 5 feet.
Marshall's Road.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 56 feet.
McKenelly and Doupe's Road.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 5 feet by 52 feet.
n    1       i,      14      ii      4      ,i      20    „
Mount Sicker and Westholme Road.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 113
Old Koksilah Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Built 1       ii       40 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet.
Shawnigan Lake Road.
Repaired 2 bridges.
Telegraph Road.
Repaired 1 bridge, 14 feet by 62 feet.
Waters Road.
Built 1 bridge, 28 feet by 14 feet.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
Built       1 bridge,    18 feet by   9 feet by 4 feet.
Repaired 3 bridges, 16      n       12      n       6    n
Clem-Clem-a-Lutz Bridge, Cowichan River.
Built one wooden Howe truss bridge. Total length, deck measurement, 293 feet. Span,
100 feet long, consisting of 10 panels, 10 feet, c. to c. ; lower chord made up of 2
pieces 5 inches by 12 inches, and 1 piece 6 inches by 12 inches; lower chord lateral
braces, 6 inches by 8 inches; upper chord made up of 2 pieces 5 inches by 10 inches,
and 1 piece 6 inches by 10 inches; upper chord lateral braces, 4 inches by 8 inches ;
width between trusses, 15 feet; height of truss, 17 feet; chords covered with
galvanized sheet iron ; span rests on two cedar abutments, 10 piles in each, driven
not less than 15 feet through hard gravel. Protection and anchor piles driven at
each corner, the whole of the face of the protection work and abutments being
sheathed with 3-inch by 12-inch planking.    (See Schedule A.)
Copper Canyon Bridge completed.
Alberni District.
Sproat Lake Road.
Screwed up bridges at River Bend and Sproat Lake, built railing near River Bend, and
put bent under bridge at Clarke's.
Beaver Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge and put bents under 2 bridges.
Cherry Creek Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Nanaimo Road (Alberni Section).
Repaired 1 bridge.
Ucluelet and Clayoquot Road (Ucluelet Section).
Built 2 bridges, averaging 24 feet by 9 feet by 5 feet.
Schooner Cove Trail.
Built 1 bridge, 27 feet by 2 feet by 9 feet.
Coal Harbour and Hardy Bay Trail.
Built 1 bridge, 45 feet by 12 feet by   6 feet.
„    1      .,      15    „        10    „        73    „
„    1      „      36    ,i        10    „ 6    „
Nanaimo City District.
Wellington Road.
Made repairs to bridge. E 114 Public Works Report. 1904
North Nanaimo District.
Departure Bay Road.
Repaired bridge, put in another bent and braced same.
Yates, Hoskins and Vipond's Road
Put new covering of 3-inch plank on bridge, 120 feet long by 14 feet wide; put in 2 new
bents.
Wellington and Englishman's River Road.
Tightened up the truss rods and lateral rods in the Englishman's River Bridge. Repaired
the bridge at Nanoose Creek.
French Creek Road.
Tightened up the truss rods in French Creek Bridge.
Weigle's Road.
Repaired bridge.
Errington Cross Road.
Repaired bridge.
Morrison's Road.
Repaired bridge.
Comox Trunk Road (North Nanaimo District).
Tightened up the truss rods in the Little Qualicum Bridge.
Parksville and Alberni Trunk Road (North Nanaimo District).
Built 1 bridge, 24 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet; 3 stringers, resting on mud sills; flooring,
split cedar, with wheel guard.
South Nanaimo District.
Texada Island—Skinner and Hammond's Road.
Built 1 bridge, 36 feet by 12 feet.
Ladysmith.
Built 1 bridge, 100 feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 feet high.
Ladysmith to Russell's Crossing.
Built 1 bridge, 200 feet long, 17 feet wide, 27 feet high.
„    1      „        63        ,i 17 ii 15
„    1      „        30        „        17        „ 10
„    1      „      190        „        17        „ 27
„    1      „      150        ii        17        ,. 40
Haslam Creek Bridge.
Built abutments of rock; laid on brush, extending about 60 feet above the bridge;
abutments, 12 feet by 20 feet at base, 5 feet high ; put in 2 piles in south pier and
planked same on one side and end; filled in pier with rock laid on brush, 4 feet
deep; laid rock on brush around pier, about 5 feet wide and 3 feet deep; secured
the bent near the bank in like manner.
Main Road, between Chase River and Ladysmith.
Re-planked 1 bridge, 75 feet long, with split cedar.
M 1       ii       48 ii with planking.
Comox District.
Alex. Cowie's Road.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 115
Salmon River Road.
Built 2 bridges, 50 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Cortez Island.
Built 1 bridge, 120 feet long by 12 feet wide.
Valdez Island.
Built 1 bridge, 27 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Main Road, Cape Mudge to Heriot Bay.
Built one bridge, 27 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet by 5 feet by 4 feet.
Tightened up truss rods on Thames and Coal Creek bridges.
Repaired Cougar Creek bridge and put in new bent.
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet.
Main Road, Cumberland to Courtenay and Comox.
Removed the old bridge and replaced the same by one 264 feet long by 16 feet wide by
10 feet high, containing 12 pile bents of 3 piles to each bent.
Westminster District (Richmond Riding).
Squamish Valley Road.
Built 1 pile bridge, 156 feet long by 16 feet wide.
ii    1        ii 120 „ 16
ii    1        ii 22 „ 16        .,
ii    1        H 62 ii 16        ii
Four stringers to each bent resting on cedar caps; 3-inch by 12-inch flooring, with wheel
guards and hand-rails complete.
Repaired 3 bridges on the Upper Valley Road.
Rebuilt 1 bridge, 79 feet by 14 feet by 9 feet high, consisting of 4 bents, with 4 stringers
to each bent, 3 by 12-inch flooring.
Squamish Valley and Pemberton Trail.
Built one bridge, 100 feet by 6 feet by 8 feet high.
Westminster District (Delta Riding).
Hazelmere and Matsqui Road.
Built 1 bridge, 25 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Westminster District (Dewdney Riding).
Mission Townsite Roads.
Put new stringer in bridge on Washington street.
Repaired 2 bridges on Cade Road.
McDonald Road, North Lillooet (Maple Ridge Municipality).
Repaired 3 bridges; put new bent under one;  drift-bolted and braced the same and
repaired approaches.
Hatzic Prairie Road.
Repaired bridges over Hatzic Slough.
Port Moody and Westminster Trunk Road.
Put new flooring on 2 bridges, 50 feet by 16 feet by 10 feet, and made general repairs
on 2 bridges. E 116 Public Works Report. 1904
Morris Valley Road.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet by 14 feet by 10 feet,
i,    1      „      75      ,,      14      „*4    ii
„    1      .,      16      ,,      14      i.        4    „
Dewdney Trunk Road.
Removed 1 bridge and substituted box drain in place of same.
Renewed 1 bridge.
Westminster District, Chilliwhack Riding.
Sumas Section op the Yale Trunk Road.
Built 4 bridges, 30 feet by 15 feet by 10 feet.
Mount Baker Road (extending).
Built 2 bridges, 44 feet by 15 feet by 12 feet,
ii    4      „ 12      ,i      12      ,i   *     3    n
Cultus Lake and Columbia Valley Road.
Built 1 bridge, 24 feet by 12 feet by 5 feet high.
ii    1      ,.      22      ii       12      ,,      6
Sumas Mountain Road.
Built 2 bridges, 20 feet by 16 feet by 6 feet.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Bridge, Fraser River, New Westminster.
During the past year most satisfactory progress has been made towards the completion of
this most important structure, and it is expected that it will be open for both railway
and other traffic on or about the 1st August, 1904.
The expenditure up to the end of this fiscal year (1902-3) is $501,501.86.
Yale District (North Riding).
Kamloops-Nicola Road.
Built 1 bridge, 90 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet.
Tappen Siding Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Paxon and Six-Mile Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet high.
Disdera-Ducks Station Road.
Built 1 bridge, 28 feet by 16 feet by 6 feet.
Campbell Creek Road.
Re-floored bridges.
Grand Prairie Road.
Re-floored 3 small bridges.
Built 1 bridge, 24 feet by 16 feet by 4 feet high.
Old Bridge, Thompson River, Kamloops.
Re-built one 84-ft. span ; renewed truss, braces and corbels; put on new handrail, and
renewed part of flooring.
Arthur and Murray Road, Salmon Arm.
Drove 8 piles in pier and planked the same with 2-inch by 12-inch scantling ; put in caps
and stringers. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 117
West Side Road, Salmon Arm.
Built 1 bridge, 28 feet long and 7 feet high.
Made repairs to "Palmer's" bridge; drove 7 piles and sheathed piers with  2-inch by 12-
inch plank.
Built glance booms to 3 bridges over Salmon River.
Nicola-Hamilton Hill Road.
Built bulkhead of brush and rock to protect Nicola bridge.
North Thompson Road, East Side.
Re-built 1 bridge, 35 feet by 16 feet by 12 feet.
Foot Hill Road, Salmon Arm.
Made repairs on small bridges.
Yale District (West Riding).
Nicola, Granite Creek and Princeton Road.
Put new flooring on bridge, east branch of Otter Creek.
Repaired bridge near Nicola.
Granite Creek Road.
Re-built piers and abutments, Tulameen River bridge, at Granite Creek ; raised bridge 4
feet to give greater clearance for drift during high water.
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
Repaired flooring on bridges.
Built 1 bridge,   46 feet by 9 feet by 7 feet.
ii    2 bridges, 43      n     12      n       9    n   high.
Hope Summit Camp Trail.
Repaired flooring on bridges.
Cache Creek and Savonas Road.
Raised  Deadman Creek bridge and  repaired abutments.    Removed  75 feet of the east
approach and substituted embankment, 75 feet by 16 feet by 3 feet.
Coldwater Road.
Repaired covering on bridges.
Hope and Popcum Road.
Built 2 bridges, 30 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Put in new stringers, flooring and hand-rail, Hunter Creek bridge.
Put in new flooring on 7-Mile Creek bridge, 30 feet by 14 feet.
Repaired bridge at St. Elmo.
Princeton and Roach River Road.
Made general repairs on bridge over Whipsaw Creek.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road.
Re-floored 10-Mile Creek Bridge, 100 feet by 14 feet; built new abutments at south end
of bridge, 10 feet high, and filled the same with rock ; put in 4 new stringers in
south approach, and 2 new stringers in north approach.
Made repairs on bridge at the 22-mile post; put in 4 new stringers 25 feet long; also
new flooring and wheel-guards.
Repaired bridge at the 24-mile post; put in 4 new stringers, new flooring and wheel-
guards.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 12 feet by 7 feet.
Raised the east end of the 160-ft. span, Nicola bridge, and renewed the corbels, tightened
up truss rods, bolts, etc., and painted the entire structure.
Built 1 bridge, 21 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet. E 118 Public Works Report. 1904
Ashcroft-Pennie Road.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 20 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet.
Trunk Road, Sections 1 and 2.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 16 feet by 6 feet.
Repaired covering on bridge at 8-Mile Bluff.
Thompson River Bridge at Ashcroft.
Tightened up truss rods and bolts, repaired hand-rail and braces, and painted the entire
bridge.
Lytton-Lillooet Road.
Tightened up truss-rods and bolts, and painted the Lytton Thompson River bridge.
Made general repairs on bridges.
Yale District (East Riding).
Road, Dell's Corner to Kelowna.
Re-built 6 bridges over mill creek, the original bridges having been swept out by the
flood in June, 1903. These bridges are from 20 to 35 feet in length; pile foundations, well driven; caps and stringers, 12 inches by 12 inches; floor, 3-inch plank,
16 feet long;  hand-rail, etc., provided.
Scotty Creek Road (construction).
Built 1 bridge, 25 feet long, over Scotty Creek.
Furness Road (construction).
Built 1 bridge across the outlet of Wood Lake, 30 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 6 feet
high; 4 stringers to each bent, and 3-inch flooring. Cribbed abutments, filled with
gravel.
McLure Road (construction).
Built one bridge 22 feet long, resting on crib abutments; 4 stringers, carrying 3-inch
floor.
Vernon-Long Lake Road.
Renewed bridge over Long Lake Creek, 20 feet long, 12 feet wide, 3 feet high.
White Valley Road.
Re-built bridge No. 270; abutments formed of round fir logs, 6 feet, 8 inches high; 5
stringers, 12 inches diameter; 30-feet span; flooring, 3-inch fir plank, 16 feet long;
hand-rail, etc., provided.
McCalla-Harris Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge over Harris Creek, 45 feet long; 4 stringers and split cedar covering ;
carried on crib abutment 6 feet high.
Eden Flat Road.
Re-built bridge No. 220 over Mill Creek; foundation walls, 5 feet, 8 inches high ; 5
stringers, 14 inches diameter; 37 feet span, covered with the old 3-inch plank;
hand-rail 3| feet high.
Creighton Valley Road.
Rebuilt bridge No. 202.
Fire Valley Trail.
Built a new bridge over the Inanocklin Creek, 100 feet long by 8 feet wide; clearance,
14 feet above low water.
Shuswap-Mable Lake Road.
Built 1 bridge, 28 feet by 12 feet by 10 feet. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 119
Enderby-Salmon Arm Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Enderby-Mara Road.
Repaired 1 bridge.
West Side, Okanagan Lake.
At the Marshall settlement the old bridge across Powers Creek was replaced by a new
bridge, 33 feet by 9 feet high, about 300 feet further up stream.
Repaired 1 bridge at Whiteman's Creek.
Built 1 bridge over Siwash Creek, 30 feet long by 5 feet high.
Irish Creek Road.
Built 4 bridges 22 feet by 16 feet by 6|- feet.
Fairview-Junction Ranche (via Okanagan Falls).
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 16 feet by 5 feet.
Fairview-Camp McKinney Road.
Re-built bridge, 23 feet by 16 feet by 4 feet.
Camp-McKinney-Rock Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge at South Fork of Rock Creek.
ii ii    Jolly Jack's Creek.
ii ii    Johnson's Creek.
Kettle River Road (Rock Creek to Carmi).
Built 2 bridges and made repairs on the West Fork Kettle River bridge.
Keremeos-Hedley Road.
Made repairs on bridge near Hedley ; built new approach and put in one bent.
White Lake-Keremeos Road.
Built 2 bridges, 27 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
Keremeos-Osoyoos Road.
Built 1 bridge, 100 feet by 14 feet by 8 feet.
Okanagan Falls Road.
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet wide, 114 feet long over all, made up as follows :— Two 40 feet
King trusses, with 4 stringers, 12 inches by 12 inches, hewn fir; 1 bent, 18 feet
long; 1 bent, 16 feet long; 3 bents of piles, 4 piles to each bent; 3-inch flooring;
hand-rails, 4 inches by 4 inches.
Okanagan Falls Road-McIntyre Creek Bridge.
This is a pile bent bridge built across the creek, between Okanagan Falls and Fairview.
It is 734 feet long and 13 feet 8 inches wide. It is 8 feet above high water.
Mostly built out of hewn timber ; 2,360 lbs. of wrought and cast iron were shipped
from Victoria to be used in this bridge.
Lillooet District (West Riding).
Lillooet-Lytton Road.
Renewed floor of bridge near the 27-mile post, 25 feet by 12 feet, and put in 1 new stringer.
Lillooet-Clinton Road.
Repaired bridge near the 35-mile post.
Repaired bridge at Nine-Mile Creek and put in 3 new stringers, 16 feet long.
Repaired bridge at Eleven-Mile Creek and put in 2 new stringers, 18 feet long.
Repaired bridge at Fourteen-Mile Creek and put in 3 new stringers, 22 feet long.
Repaired bridge at the 22nd-mile post; put in 3 new stringers, 25 feet long, and re-floored
the same with 3-inch fir plank. E 120 Public Works Report. 1904
Pemberton Portage Road.
Built a new pier of logs bolted together under the Birkenhead River Bridge, 25 feet by 8
feet by 9 feet, and filled the same with rock.    Built an abutment, 14 feet by 5 feet.
Built 1 bridge at Sixteen-Mile Creek, 45 feet long, 3 stringers 50 feet long, covered with
split cedar.
Pemberton Meadows.
Built 1 bridge of 3 spans, 40-foot centres, with 2 abutments 4 feet high, and 2 piers 7 feet
high ; covered bridge with split cedar 4 inches thick and 12 feet long.
Seaton Lake Trail.
Re-built 3 piers in the Rock Bluff Bridge, near the foot of Seaton Lake; put in 3 new
stringers, 20 feet long, and re-floored 40 feet by 6 feet with 3-inch plank.
Repaired a broken bridge near the 4-mile post.
Wycott Road.
Renewed floor of bridge over St. Mary's Creek, 69 feet long by-8 feet wide, with hewn
timbers, 5 inches thick; put in 2 new stringers 50 feet long.
Bridge River Road.
Built 1 bridge at Brett's Bluff, 60 feet long by 6 feet wide; covered same with hewn
timber 4 inches thick.
Fraser River Bridge at Lillooet.
Renewed flooring on the 3-hinged arch span, 355 feet by 22 feet, with 3-inch fir plank ;
renewed 219 lineal feet of guard rails.
Lillooet District (East Riding).
Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
Re-floored bridge over Bonaparte River at Cache Creek.
Upper Hat Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge, 65 feet by 12 feet by 8 feet.
Big Bar Road.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet by 12 feet by 5 feet.
Rayson Road.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Upper Deadman Creek Road.
Made repairs on all bridges.
Cariboo District (Southern Division).
158-Quesnel Forks Road.
Built 4 bridges, averaging 17 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
150-Horsefly Road.
Re-floored 1 bridge, 42 feet by 15 feet.
150-Mile House, Quesnel Forks and Battle Creek Road.
Built 2 bridges, averaging 15 feet by 11 feet by 4 feet.
Beaver Lake Valley-Horsefly Road.
Built 4 bridges, averaging 30 feet by 12 feet by 4 feet.
Bridge Road.
Built 2 bridges, averaging 20 feet by 17 feet by 2 feet.
Williams Lake-Chimney Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge, 125 feet by 15 feet by 10 feet. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 121
Knife Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge over Knife Creek, 125 feet by 14 feet; average height, 6 feet.
Re-floored 1 bridge, 43 feet hy 14 feet.
Horsefly River-Eureka Creek Trail.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
Quesnel Forks, Keithley and Barkerville Trail.
Put in new bent under Snowshoe Creek Bridge.
Spanish Creek Trail.
Re-floored bridge over North Fork River with 2-inch plank, 150 feet by 8 feet.
Cariboo District (Northern Division).
Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
Put new flooring on bridge, 18 feet by 18 feet.
Built 2 bridges, 18 feet by 18 feet by 6 feet.
Repaired 1 bridge, 60 feet in length, and raised the same 3 feet; put in 8 new stringers,
30 feet long, and covered same with flatted timber, 6 inches thick ; built hand-rail
on both sides of bridge.
Re-covered 1 bridge, 15 feet long by 18 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 8 feet by 20 feet.
Renewed floor of Quesnel River Bridge, 465 feet in length.
Dragon Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet long by 12 feet wide.
Grouse, Antler and Cunningham Creek Road.
Built 1 bridge, 45 feet by 16 feet.
Stanley-Barkerville Old Road.
Made general repairs on 4 bridges.
Harrison-Beaver River Road.
Repaired 1 bridge, 90 feet in length; put in 6 new stringers, 25 feet long; put in 11 new
stringers, 30 feet long;  put in 6 new logs in abutment and 12 posts to  support
stringers, and braced same; re-floored bridge, 18 feet wide.
Re-covered 3 bridges, averaging 179 feet by 13 feet wide.
Repaired 1 bridge, 65 feet by 18 feet; put on new flooring and 12 new stringers, 23 feet
long, and supported same by using 8 posts.
Chilcotin Main Road.
Built 5 bridges, averaging   70 feet by 15 feet.
Re-covered 3      n n        130    n 14    n
West Kootenay District (Revelstoke Riding).
Columbia River Waggon Road.
Renewed bridges and trestles.
Greeley Creek Waggon Road.
Made repairs on small bridges.
West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding).
Nelson-Forty-Nine Creek Road.
Renewed trail bridge over Forty-Nine Creek at terminus.
Hall Mines Road.
Strengthened bridges on this road, E 122 Public Works Report. 1904
Bird Creek Trail.
Repaired bridge across Forty-Nine Creek; put in 4 stringers 80 feet long and renewed
flooring, 80 feet by 8 feet; built 3 new piers; rock-filled, riprapped  and  graded
approaches.
Built crib under Rover Creek bridge and filled same with rock.
Trail, Sayward Road.
Built 1 bridge, 110 feet by 16 feet by 15 feet, of four spans, with 5 stringers of round
.timber to each span and 2 posts to each bent; flooring of flatted fir, drift-bolted to
stringers and spiked.
Erie Waggon Road.
Built 1 4-bent bridge, 150 feet by 16 feet by 20 feet; 4 stringers 12 inches by 32 feet
long; flooring, 6-inch split cedar with guard-rails drift-bolted to stringers.
Yellowstone Waggon B.oad.
Built 3 bridges, 50 feet long by 12 feet wide.
Ymir. Road.
Built new pier under the Salmon River bridge.
Built 2 bridges, 200 feet by 16 feet by 25 feet.
ii    6      ii        370      n       16    ,i   from 5 feet to 8 feet high.
n    1       ii 70      ii       16    n   by 20 feet high.
Porcupine Creek Waggon Road.
Built 4 bridges, 150 feet by 12 feet by 16 feet.
Built up centre pier of Salmon River bridge, to give greater clearance from flood level to
underside of chords.
Goat River Bridge.
This bridge crosses Goat River and is the means of access to the Reclamation Farm and
the ranches on the Kootenay River.
Duck Creek Bridge.
Built 1 bridge over Duck Creek, 75 feet by 12 feet by 10 feet high.
Creston Road, North.
Built 2 bridges, 70 feet by 10 feet.
Creston Road, East.
Built 4 bridges, averaging 110 feet by 12 feet by 3 feet.
Kitchener Waggon Road.
Repaired Arrow Creek bridge and built new approach.
Built 1 bridge over Russell Creek at Kitchener.
West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding).
Lower Murphy Creek Trail.
Shimmed up and repaired 1 bridge.
Built 1 bridge, 55 feet by 5 feet by 4 feet.
„    1      "      34      ii      5      ii      6    n
„    1      „      33      i.      5      ,i      41 „
East Kootenay District (North Riding).
Ice River District.
Built bridges over different branches of the Kicking Horse River, as follows :—
1 bridge of 3 spans, 47 feet long, with 20-foot approaches.
1        „        4   . n     47        ii ,i    20
1 ii 3       ii     47 ii and 1 span 50 feet long.
Each of the above bridges rest on crib piers filled with rock; there are 4 stringers, 12
inches by 14 inches, to each span; the flooring is of 4-inch by 12-inch scantling. 4 Ed. 7 Bridges. E 123
Cross-road to Wilmer.
Built 1 bridge across Toby Creek, consisting of two 50-foot King trusses, 6 spans, 20-foot
centres, and 80 feet of pile approach.    The main piers are timber cribs filled with rock.
East Kootenay District (South Riding).
Fernie Section.
Built bridge over Elk River of 3 spans, 1 of 80 feet and 2 of 40 feet.
Built trestle over slough.
Cranbrook Section.
Built 1 bridge over Perry Creek.
St. Mary's Section.
Built protection to Matthew Creek and Mission bridges.
Re-built East Fork bridge.
Skookumchuck Section.
Re-built bridge over Ta Ta Creek.
Fort Steele Section.
Re-built bridge over Levett Creek.
M ii       Lewis Creek.
Built protection and re-floored Kootenay bridge.
Renewed one small bridge.
Cassiar District.
Telegraph Creek-Dease Lake Trail.
Built 1 bridge over Eight-Mile Creek, 70 feet by 8 feet, 5 feet above average high water.
This bridge consists of 2 spans, one span 35 feet long over the main creek, and one
span of 15 feet. There are 3 lines of 12-inch round spruce stringers covered with
6-inch black pine, flatted ; 2 abutments and 1 pier filled with rock.
Re-built bridge over Eighteen-Mile Creek, 47 feet long by 8 feet wide; centre pier built
of logs and filled in with rock ; shore abutments built into bank. The flooring consists of 6-inch round poles securely spiked.
Built 1 bridge across creek near the 30-mile post, 26 feet by 8 feet.
Repairs made on Tahltan and Tooyea bridges.
Two 60-foot and four 50-foot King truss bridges were designed in the Public Works
Engineer's Office and plans forwarded to the Government Agent, Atlin. The iron
required to complete these was shipped from Victoria.
One 70-foot Queen truss bridge was also designed and blue prints forwarded to the Government Agent in Atlin, to be erected where necessary. The iron for this bridge was
not ordered.
Necleetsconnay River Bridge.
Plans and specifications were prepared in the Public Works Engineer's Office of an 85-foot
Howe truss bridge. The dimension timbers and iron necessary to complete it were
shipped from Victoria to Bella Coola, and the bridge erected by W. A. Williscroft,
Government bridge foreman, in a first class manner. E 124
Public Works Report.
1904
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O 4 Ed. 7 Wharves. E 125
WHARVES,   1902-03.
Wharf, Texada Island Iron Mine.
Planked the inside and outside of crib and filled the inside with rock ; planked 3 bays of
the approach to crib ; put in 3 piles, and braces where required.
Comox Wharf.
Situated on the north-side of Comox Harbour. Is the main outlet for the whole of
Comox Valley. A large amount of freight is landed on this wharf. The total
length is 1,000 feet, projecting over a long, shallow flat. At low tide there is 14
feet of water on the outside. Owing to the ravages of teredos, the piles will require
to be renewed about every 3 years.
Laid down 547 new planks, 3 inches by 12 inches by 14 feet; drove 30 piles, average
length, 40 feet ; put in one new bent, including piles and cap • removed rotten piles,
and sway-braced 10 bents.
Read Island Wharf.
Situated at Burwood Bay, on east side of Island.
Drove 77 new piles ; repaired the slip and put in new braces.
Hernando Island.
Built a  new  floating  wharf at Stag Bay, 450 feet  long, consisting of  approach 6 feet
wide, built in sections, each 20 feet long, of good cedar logs, fastened  together with
chains.
The  main   wharf is  20  feet  by  28 feet,   with  two chains  and  anchors  given by  M.
Manson, Esq.
Valdez Island Wharf, at Heriot Bay.
Drove 51  new piles, 40  feet long; put in 1 new stringer.
Built new warehouse on wharf, 12 feet by 24 feet,
Cortez Island.
Built a new pile wharf at Whaleton, 42 feet by 68 feet, with 64 piles under slipway 28
feet. The approach is 150 feet long; the shore steep and rocky; good depth of
water at wharf.
Westminster District, Richmond Riding.
Built wharf 50 feet by 95 feet, using 87 cedar piles.
Built approach to same, using 516 cedar piles. The approach is 2,684 feet long by 16
feet wide. The caps used in both the wharf and approach are of flatted cedar, 10
inches by 12 inches; 4 stringers to each bent in approach; flooring, 3-inch by 12-
inch fir plank ; wheel-guards, 6 inches by 6 inches; hand-rail, 3 inches by 4 inches.
Built 2 slips on wharf; built freight shed, 16 feet by-30 feet, with 8-foot walls, and
shingled roof.
Drove 18 piles to replace those eaten by teredos.
Drove 16 piles on outside of wharf. Raised the deck of wharf where it had settled and
re-braced same.
Bowen Island Wharf.
Drove 38 piles and constructed a wharf 48 feet by 38 feet, with slip included; built 79
feet of approach, 14 feet wide, to connect with road; covered wharf and approach
with 3 inches by 12 inches sawn fir plank; put on wheel-guards and hand-rails.
Gibson's Landing, Sechelt.
Removed 26 old piles out of public wharf and replaced the same with new. Removed
freight shed further back on wharf and put in new slip. E 126 Public Works Report. 1904
Anvil Island Wharf, Howe Sound.
Cut and drove 72 piles and capped same. All the rest of the material and labour was
supplied by the proprietors of the Brick and Tile Factory. This is a public wharf
40 feet by 33 feet, with an approach 120 feet by 12 feet wide.
Public Wharf at Bonson's Landing (Dewdney Riding, New Westminster District).
Drove 3 piles and sprung them under wharf.
Drove 2 piles below the wharf and placed 40 pieces of 2 inches by 12 inches by 20 feet
scantling on top to form breakwater ; filled in behind the same with brush ; placed
new posts and sills under freight shed, and made general repairs.
West Kootenay (Slocan Riding).
Re-planked and made general repairs to Ainsworth wharf. 4 Ed. 7.
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded.
E 127
TENDERS   RECEIVED   AND    CONTRACTS   AWARDED,
JULY 1st, 1902, TO JUNE SOth, 1903.
Schools.
Work and Tenderers.
South Cedar—1 room (30 children):
J. Auld	
J. A. McDonald.
Kimberley—1 room (30 children):
J. Grassick	
G. R. Leask	
C. Sicley	
Coal Creek, Fernie—1 room (40 children):
Kerr & White	
F. W. Wheatcroft	
J. A. Rroley	
G. Cody 	
Mount Sicker—1 room (50 children):
W. Ford	
W. J. McKay	
2 rooms (100 children):
T. E. Ward	
W. Ford	
Pilot Bay—1 room (30 children):
D. C. MacGregor	
D. W. E. Clark	
Beaver Creek—1 room (30 children)
G. Forrest	
J. King	
Creston—1 room (50 children)
D. C. MacGregor	
W. G. Gillett	
G. McFarland	
Sunbury—1 room (30 children):
J. Lord	
W. G. Chalmers	
Minto—1 room (addition):
J. Carthew	
J. Carter	
North Vesuvius—1 room (30 children)
G. A. Horrell	
A. R. Bittancourt	
Eholt—1 room (30 children)
Bunting & Dempsey..
Smith Bros	
Vernon (High)—3 rooms :
T. E. Crowell	
J. Peareey    .
Smith Bros	
Amount.
Remarks.
Frame.
$1,075 00
Not awarded.
2nd call for tenders.
965 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
1,110 00
1,340 00
1,398 00
Time expired.
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
1,375 00
1,525 00
1,900 00
2,250 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
2,676 00
Not awarded.
3,500 00
2nd call for tenders.
840 00
Amount in error.
2,784 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
1,064 00
1,120 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
798 00
1,016 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
1,366 00
1,625 00
1,932 50
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
890 00
890 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
880 00
1,250 00
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
890 00
1,035 00
Awarded (completed.)
Frame.
1,390 00
1,570 00
Awarded (completed).
Brick.
9,371 00
9,870 oO
12,050 00
Awarded (in progress). E 128
Public Works Report.
1904
Schools.—Concluded.
Work and Tenderers.
Matsqui—1 room (40 children):
J. Lord	
T. Turnbull 	
A. T. Watkins	
Esquimalt—3 rooms :
G. Snider	
Victoria Brick Co., Ltd.
W. M. Ross	
R. Dinsdale	
Cranbrook—2-room addition :
J. Greer	
T. H, Christian	
Grand Prairie—1 room (30 children)
F. C. Jones   	
R. Mackay	
Majuba Hill.—1 room :
M, Stevenson...
W. J. Footer ...
Eburne.—1 room :
J. Michael ...
T. A. Byrnell.
Salmo.
-1 room :
Linklater & Piatt
W. Riley	
D. C. MacGregor.
W. Grutchfield . .
North Vancouver.—2 rooms :
McRae & McMullin ...
Cornish &, Cooper	
Amount.
$1,095 00
1,185 00
1,325 00
7,365 35
8,450 00
8,995 00
10,497 00
2,150 00
2,700 00
1,190 00
1,583 00
975 00
1,060 00
1,175 00
1,550 00
1,075 00
1,213 00
1,216 00
1,265 00
2,637 65
3,142 00
Remarks.
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
Brick.
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
Frame
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
Awarded (in progress).
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
Government Buildings, Etc.
Hot Water and Hot Air Heating of
Govt.
House,
Victoria :
4,200 00
4,975 00
4,980 00
5,296 50
5,350 00
6,417 00
1,794 50
1,885 50
2,019 00
2,075 00
2,075 00
2,100 00
10,700 00
11,200 00
11,397 00
11,500 00
C. M. Cookson	
J. Colbert	
Awarded (conpleted).
A. Sheret 	
Retaining Wall, Steps, etc, Govt.
G. Snider	
A. E. MePhillips	
H. J. Knott	
House, Victoria :
Not awarded.
A. Wood    	
Court House, Greenwood :
Smith Bros	
Bunting & Dempsey	
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
E. Disney	 4 Ed. 7
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded.
E 129
Government Buildings, Etc.— Concluded.
Work and Tenderers.
Amount.
Remarks.
Reformatory, Vancouver :
Dissette & Fox	
$22,167 00
22,390 00
23,091 00
24,290 00
26,000 00
37,000 00
16,000 00
16,997 00
6,945 00
6,965 00
7,200 00
7,685 00
8,200 00
Brick.
Awarded   (tender  reduced by omissions to
$17,167.00).
H. A. Bell	
D. &J. Saul	
E. Cook	
Hospital for the Insane—Alterations, additions, etc. :
W. W. Forrester    	
Brick.
Awarded (in progress).
Fish Hatchery and Cottage near Seaton Lake :
VV. G. Duguid	
Frame.
Awarded (completed).
VV. H. Miller	
E. Sherritt	
J. T. Wilband	
Bridges.
Bridge, Carpenter Creek (New Denver)
W. C. E. Koch	
D. J. McLachlan	
M. McLean	
D. J. McNally	
W. C. McLean	
P. Argugian	
2,850 00
2,860 00
2,875 00
2,897 50
2,985 15
3,000 00
Awarded (completed). E 130 Public Works Report. 1904
TIMBER   INSPECTOR'S   REPORT.
 o	
Vancouver, B. C, 31st December, 1903.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B. C.
Sir,—I have the honour to hand you the accompanying statement, which shows the area
of land now under timber leases and the yearly rental payable thereon, the number of timber
cutting licences issued during the year 1903 and the amount of revenue received for them;
also the quantity of timber cut upon Provincial lands and amount of royalty in respect of
same.
The area of the leaseholds is    587,845TC^ acres; rental thereon, $ 56,320 15
The number of timber cutting licences issued in 1903 is—
Special    1,307 ; fees therefor, $136,482 00
Hand-loggers       259; „ 2,590 00
 139,072 00
Total for rentals and licence fees :       195,392 15
Timber royalty—
For timber cut upon Crown lands    272,212,471 feet.
leaseholds      45,338,680    „
317,551,151     -i
@ 50c. f M.= $158,775 57
Amount allowed as rebate on shingles exported       13,475 74
Net royalty on timber    145,299 83
Add royalty collected on cordwood = 25,250,440 ft. @ 25c. 1 M.      6,312 61
151,612 44
Total revenue derivable from timber sources     $347,004 59
Respectfully submitted,
R. J. SKINNER,
Timber Lnspector. 4 Ed
7
Timber Statistics.
E
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E 133
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1904
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E 135
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1904
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West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding).
E 139
WEST    KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.*
Rossland Riding—Kettle River Division.
Road Up the North Fork of the Kettle. River—towards Franklin Camp.
This road commences at Grand Forks, on the Main Kettle River at its junction with the
North Fork, and extends up the east side of the latter for a distance of 27 miles.
The valley of the North Fork is about one mile wide, although occasionally high,
rocky bluffs jut out as far as the river. The soil is of good quality and suitable for
farming, although at present it is well covered with excellent timber. There are
several timber leases on this land, and settlers have pre-empted locations for the first
30 miles. There are several valuable mineral claims on this road, and an extensive
area of mineral land at Franklin Camp, which is reached by trail from the end of
the waggon road, and is about 40 miles long.
From Grand Forks, and for a distance of 12 miles, a parallel road follows on the west
side of the North Fork of the Kettle River, and connects with the road on the east
side at Hardy's. Quantities of ore were hauled from the Humming Bird and Seattle
mines to a railway siding on the Columbia and Western Railway, for shipment to
the Granby Company's smelter at Grand Forks. Some shipments were hauled all
the way to Grand Forks by waggon.
In order to improve the road-bed and also to remove several heavy grades, work was done
as follows : —
Forest cleared 6,000 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched
Corduroyed
Filled
Gravelled
Built 1 culvert,
ii     1 bridge,
6,000
7,800
2,310
111
21
2,760
16 feet
100      i,
9
9
2
13
4
long, 3 feet wide,
16
2-|- feet deep.
8   inches deep.
1-J feet deep.
10   feet high at the centre.
Here 750 feet additional of forest was cleared to the width of 12 feet.
Bridge, North Fork of Kettle River, at Hardy's.    (Protection work.)
As mentioned in last year's Report, this work was commenced and since then has been
extended for a distance of 780 feet up stream, heavy piles being driven through a
brush mattress to a depth of 8 feet, and connected with stringers braced to a second
row of piles. The outer row of piles was sheeted with 3-inch planks, and the brush
mattress and space between the first and second row of piles covered with 450 cubic
yards of rock. This work successfully withstood the spring freshet of 1903, but the
centre pier of the bridge itself settled on the up-stream end about 18 inches, and on
the lower end about 3 feet. The bridge was then jacked up, and a quantity of large
angular rocks dumped off it, in and around the pier, to prevent further scouring and
settling.
Road, Grand Forks to Cascade (repairs).
Distance, about 13 miles, through an extensive agricultural district, containing about 30
settlers and their families. The road follows the .Main Kettle River and crosses the
International Boundary close to Cascade. There is a saw-mill at Cascade employing
about 20 men, and the power-house of the Cascade Power and Light Co. is located
here.
*This report should have appeared on page 72, hut was overlooked until after the foregoing pages had
been printed. E 140 Public Works Report. 1904
Repairs consisted of clearing out fallen timber for about 2|- miles.
Graded 3,900 feet, 9   feet wide.
Ditched 4,500    „    2|
Excavated earth  6,000    n    3        n 1| feet deep.
ii rock 30    M    2        ii
Filled 900    „    6
Removed large stones from road-bed for a  distance  of 6,300  feet,   6  feet  wide.    Built
3 culverts, 16 feet  by 2 feet by 2 feet, and repaired bridge  with  two bents, 7 feet
high, 16 feet long, and four mud-sills to each.
Road, Cascade to Gladstone, and Branch to Christina Lake (repairs).
Distance, 16 miles, of which about one-third (to Christina Lake) is fairly level and about
two-thirds mountainous.    There are a number of farms in this district and mining
and lumbering properties at work.
The repairs consisted of excavating 750 feet by 2 feet in earth,  750 feet by 2 feet in
rock; stones were removed from the road-bed for a distance of 15,000 feet, and
fallen timber cut out for the whole distance.
Trail to Christina Lake.
This trail was cleared out for a distance of 4|- miles from the Cascade waggon road
towards English Point and the head of Christina Lake.    Distance, 10 miles.
Road, Grand Forks to Carson (repairs).
Distance, 5| miles, over a slightly rolling agricultural section, which is well settled and
extensively worked. Repairs only necessary after the. damage caused by melting
snow and rains.
Road, Grand Forks to Phcenix (repairs).
Distance, 18 miles to the summit at Phoenix, where the elevation is about 4,300 feet. This
is an important section of the trunk road through the Boundary' country and is
extensively used b}r agricultural and mining interests. There is a daily stage over
the road, and in the near future considerable quantities of ore will be hauled over
this road from the Athelstan mine to the Winnipeg Siding. All supplies for the
Golden Crown, Winnipeg and Athelstan mines are hauled over this road. Repairs,
in addition to the usual spring work, consisted of :—
Cleared forest
75
feet, 8 feet
wide.
Grubbed
45
„    3
ii
Graded
45
„  15
ii
Ditched
45
ii    2
it
Cribbed
9
,i    2
n
Excavated earth
105
„    8
M         1| feet deep.
Stoned
21,000
„    8
ii
Gravelled
480
„    8
n        8 inches deep
Built 8 culverts
14
M     3
ii      2-Jr feet deep.
Road, Grand Forks to White's Camp (repairs).
Distance, about 13 miles, 6 miles of which are fairly level, to where this road leaves the
Main Phcenix Road, and the balance (about 7 miles) is up a steep mountain. The
timber was cut out and the usual repair work done in removing stones and filling
ruts. The mines in White's Camp are at present lying idle, and there is now very
little traffic over the second section of this road.
Trail, Phcenix to White's Camp (repairs).
About 12 miles long, in a rough and mountainous country. There is not much traffic
over this trail now, but it was kept clear for prospectors, etc. 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). E 141
Road, Phcenix to Summit City (repairs).
Distance, 4f miles, over a rough country.    There are several mining properties on this
road, but none of them working until Summit City is reached.
Grubbed    2,640 feet, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled      180    n      8       n 8 inches deep.
Road, Summit City to Eholt (repairs).
About 4 miles long, over mountainous country. There are several working properties in
this neighbourhood, notably the Emma and Oro Denoro, and a considerable force of
men is steadily employed, probably from 75 to 100. There is, consequently, a
considerable traffic over the road, which traffic is increasing rapidly.
Graded    3,600 feet, 8 feet wide.
Ditched   1,950    „    2
Put in 4 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3| feet by 2| feet.
Road, Eholt to " B. C." Mine (repairs). .   .
This is a branch from the last-named road and is about 2 miles long.    The country which
it   traverses   is   rough   and   mountainous.    There   are   several   well-known   mining
properties on the road and a large quantity of supplies of all kinds hauled over it.
About 75 men are employed at and around the " B. C." mine, the ore being shipped
by the C. & W. Railway via Summit City and Eholt.
Graded        2,700 feet, 8 feet wide.
Ditched       1,050    ,,    2
Corduroyed      30    n  14        n
Road, Eholt to the North Fork of the Kettle  River (repairs).
This road connects with the road on the west side of the North Fork of the Kettle River
at the bridge at Hardy's, and is about six miles long. It was built by the contractors for the Columbia and Western Railway, and has since been kept in repair
by the Provincial Government.
Graded        900 feet, 10 feet wide.
Ditched       240    „      1 foot deep.
Gravelled    120    h    10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Fallen timber removed for a distance of 3| miles.
Road, Eholt to Long Lake Camp (repairs).
Distance, 5^ miles, on an easy grade over a mountainous country. This road gives an
outlet for the ores of the Long Lake Camp to the Columbia and Western Railway
at Eholt. A considerable quantity of ore has been hauled out over this road, and
several properties are making arrangement for shipping this winter.
Repairs were :—
Graded 13,800 feet, 8 feet wide.
Ditched 13,500    „     1 foot deep.
Built 9 culverts, averaging 16 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet high.
Road, Eholt to Boundary Creek (repairs).
This is a part of the main road from Greenwood to the North Fork of the Kettle River,
passing through Eholt. This section is about 8 miles long, following the valley of
Eholt Creek, where there are several good ranches, and over a fairly level country.
Repairs consisted of :—
Forest cleared 600 feet, 18 feet wide.
Graded 15,000    „    10        „
Ditched 5,400    n      1 foot deep.
Gravelled       3,300    n      8 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Built 12 culverts, averaging 18 feet, 2 feet wide, 2 feet high.
Road, Greenwood to Long Lake Camp (repairs).
Distance, about 9 miles. This road branches from the Greenwood to Eholt Road, about
four miles from Greenwood, up to which point the country is, in general, about level, E 142 Public Works Report. 1904
but from this to Long Lake the road is steep and mountainous. This road is the
main thoroughfare for the Long Lake mining camp, where there are many valuable
properties, and one or two ranches.     Repairs consisted of :—
Graded    12,000 feet, 10 feet wide.
Ditched     3,600    „      1 foot deep.
Stoned     15,000    ■■    10 feet wide.
Road, Greenwood to Kimberley Camp (repairs).
Distance, 9 miles, through a good level valley, averaging half a mile wide, on which are
located 7 settlers, and serving a partially developed mining district. This road was
straightened and improved by changing it from the low ground to the foot-hill, and
removing grades.
Cleaned right of way 9,000 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,200    „     10
Ditched 960    n       1 foot deep.
Road, Greenwood to Phoenix (repairs).
Distance, about 4Jr miles, and rising in that distance about 2,000 feet. This is part of
the trunk road through the Boundary country, and two stages run daily each way.
There is a large amount of traffic of all kinds, and there are 8 settlers and a large
number of mining properties located along the route, about 500 men being now
employed in the latter industry. In addition to the usual spring repairs of filling
ruts and ditching, the following work was done :—
Forest cleared      75 feet,
8 feet wide
Grubbed
45    „
15
11
Graded
45    „
15
II
Ditched
45    .i
2
I,
Corduroyed
9    „
2
It
Excavated
105    „
8
tl
Stoned
21,000    „
8
1!
Gravelled
480    i,
8
II
1J feet deep.
8 inches deep.
Made and placed 8 culverts, averaging 14 feet long, 3 feet wide, 2J feet high.
Road, Greenwood to Copper Camp (repairs).
Distance, about 9 miles, with two branches, one to the Morrison mine, 1|- miles, and one
to the Sunset and Mother Lode mines, about 1|- miles. There is much heavy traffic
over these roads, about 200 men altogether being employed in this neighbourhood,
and a daily stage connects the mines and the village of Deadwood with Greenwood.
In repairs and shortening the road the following work was done :—
Forest cleared 3,000 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded
6,000    „
12
Ditched
6,900    „
1 foot deep.
Filled
5,400    „
Stoned
15,000    m
Gravelled
360    i,
8 feet wide,
Placed 12 culverts, averaging 18 feet, 2 feet wide, 2 feet high.
Road, Anaconda to Grand Forks (repairs).
Distance to junction of road, Grand Forks to Phcenix, about 12 miles. The first four
miles are on a heavy grade, but from that point to the summit the grades are
easier. This road used to be the main road from Penticton to Grand Forks, but
the road through Phoenix is now mostly used. This road is principally used by
settlers, of whom there are 16. There are a number of mineral claims served by
it, but at present very little development work is being done. The principal
repair work was done in clearing off the fallen timber after a hurricane, which
completely blocked it, 15,840 feet by 8 feet being cleared. In addition, 12 stumps
were grubbed out; 3,000 feet by 10 feet graded; 8,400 feet stoned, and 27 feet by
10 feet of earth excavated. E 148
Index.
1904
Lillooet District :
West Riding—Works . .   	
n ii Expenditure	
East        ii Works  	
ii ii        Expenditure	
Nanaimo. City District :
Works  	
Expenditure	
Nanaimo District :
North—Works	
ii Expenditure	
South—Works	
ii        Expenditure	
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded .
Timber Inspector's Report	
Page.
.56, 119
... 102
.60, 120
... 101
.18, 113
...    96
 18, 114
     95
.16, 114, 125
     95
127
130
.5, 112
.. 92
.. 7
.. 92
Victoria District:
South—Works    	
ii        Expenditure	
North—Works	
ii        Expenditure	
Westminster District :
Richmond Riding—Works	
ii n Expenditure	
Delta ii Works  	
Expenditure ,	
Works	
Expenditure .   	
Works	
ii ii Expenditure	
Wharves    125
Dewdney
ii
Chilliwhack
.28, 115, 125
   97
. ... 32, 115
   98
.34, 115, 126
   98
 37, 116
  98
Yale District :
North Riding—Works
West
it
East
Expenditure	
Works	
Expenditure	
(Northern Division)—Works	
ti Expenditure.
(South Division)—Works	
it Expenditure . . . .
.39, 116
... 99
.42, 117
... 99
.45, 118
... 100
.52, 118
... 101
VICTORIA,  B. C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, I.S.O., V.D., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1904. 4 Ed. 7 Index. E 147
INDEX.
Alberni District : pA8E.
Works   13, 113
Expenditure      94
Bridges       112
Schedule A (bridges constructed, in progress and contemplated)    124
Cariboo District :
Southern Division—Works 63, 120
ti ii Expenditure      103
Northern        n Works 65, 121
it H Expenditure  102
Cassiar District :
Omineca                  Division—Works ,  69
Stikine                          n                  n  70
Telegraph Creek        „                 >,        71, 123
Expenditure  109
Comox District :
Works 23, 114,  125
Expenditure ,      95
Cowichan District :
Works  8,  112
Expenditure ,      93
Esquimalt District :
Works  7,  112
Expenditure ...         93
Expenditure, Statement of     92
Kootenay District, East :
North Riding—Works 85, 122
n ii Expenditure ,  104
South     ,i Works    87, 123
ii ii Expenditure      104
Kootenay District, West:
Revelstoke Riding—Works 71, 121
ii ii Expenditure  105
Rossland n (Trail Creek Division)—Works    72, 122
ii H ii ii Expenditure  109
ii ii (Kettle River Division)—Works  139
ii H ii ii Expenditure  108
Slocan ii Works 74, 126
ii ii Expenditure     106
Nelson „ Works 80, 121
n n Expenditure  107
Land Return    138  4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). E 145
Brought forward 114 miles.
Length of the Roads and Trails.—Concluded.
Roads.—Concluded.
Grand Forks to White's Camp  13    n
ii Carson      5J  n
ii Cascade  13    n
Cascade to Gladstone  16    n
ii Christina Lake      2     n
Carson to opposite Gilpin's ranch on south side Kettle River  13     n
Grand Forks up west side of the North Fork of Kettle River  12    n
n east ii ii ii   27    ii
Cascade to Edward's Ferry      3     n
Road at Fife Station      1     n
Eagle City to Humming Bird Mine      3     n
Junction of Greenwood to Midway Road to No. 7 Mine        7    n
Midway to upper Ingram Creek and branch to Kettle River at Ingram's. .10    n
Midway up Main Kettle River up south side of river, to Jackson's      4    n
Rock Creek south to International Boundary             4    n
Total  2471 miles.
Trails.
Phoenix to White's Camp  12 miles.
End of North Fork of Kettle River Road to Franklin Camp  40    n
Franklin Camp to Gloucester Creek Camps        6    n
Josh Creek trails      7    n
Head of Christina Lake from English Point  10    m
Junction Cascade and Gladstone Road to Christina Lake      2     n
Midway to White's Camp      9    n
Dewdney Trail, Boundary Falls to Fourth of July Creek  10    u
Branch of latter to Anaconda      3     n
Total  99 miles. E 144
Public Works Report.
1904
which various amounts of development work have been done, from the ordinary
prospecting shaft to the extensive works of the investor. Some of these properties
have been acquired by capitalists at good prices, and are in a position to ship ore
when transportation facilities are easier. Among others, may be mentioned the
Carmi, Butcher Boy, Sally, Rambler, Washington and Idaho, Bell, etc., etc.
Forest cleared
Graded
Excavated rock
Filled
Built 2 bridges
150 feet by 18 feet,
9,300      ,i      10    ,i
420      „      12    „
1,230      i,      12    „
25      .,      14    „
by 2 to 18 feet,
by 1 to   8   ii
by 4 feet.
Bridge No. 1, West Fork of the Kettle River (construction).
East crib, 14 feet 6 inches high, 10 feet at base, 5 feet wide at top.
West ii ii n n
Bridge, 208 feet long, 80 feet truss.
East approach, 28 feet long.
West      i,        100
All timber hewed.
Bridge No. 2, West Fork of the Kettle River (construction).
East pier, 13 feet high, 11 feet wide at base, 5 feet wide at top.
West ii ii 10 ii ii
Bridge, 232 feet long, 80-foot truss.
Wing to east pier, 36 feet long, 6 feet high, 5 feet wide.
East approach, 66 feet long.
West       n        87
All timber hewed.
Timber used in construction of bridges.
Made and flatted, 62,232 feet; squared, 7,599 feet; round, 2,600 lineal feet.
Bridge at Summit (repairs).
Placed 3 posts, braced bents and drifted ribbons.
Length of the Roads and Trails mentioned in  this  Report  and maintained in this
District.
Roads.
Rock Creek to Midway ,  12 miles.
Midway to Greenwood     8
Anaconda to junction of Phcenix to Grand Forks Road  12
Greenwood to Copper Camp  9
ii ii branches to Deadwood Camp and Morrison Mine 3|
Greenwood to Phoenix  4J
ii Kimberley^ Camp  9
ii town limits to Providence      1
ii to Long Lake Camp  9
Eholt to junction of Long Lake Camp  6
Eholt to Long Lake Camp  54
,i B. C. Mine  2
n North Fork of Kettle River  6
ii Summit City  4
Summit City to Phoenix • • • •  4|
Phoenix to Grand Forks   18
Carried forward.
.114 4 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). E 143
Road, Greenwood to Midway (repairs).
Distance, about 8 miles, passing through Anaconda at 1 mile and Boundary Falls at 4
miles. Anaconda is a village of about 200 inhabitants, mostly employed at or
dependent on the B. C. Copper Company's smelter here, which employs about 100
men. The population of Boundary Falls is also about 200, and there is located here
the Montreal & Boston Copper Company's smelter, employing in the neighbourhood of 100 men. There are about 16 settlers and some mines at work near the
road. There are three stages running over this road, two of these carrying mails,
one to Camp McKinney, the other to Beaverdell. There is a heavy traffic over
this road, which has been much improved by straightening it and reducing the
grades, but there are still two heavy and dangerous hills where the road crosses
the C. and W. Railway.
Forest cleared 15,000 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded 12,870   .,      16
Ditched 12,870   „        1
Gravelled 6,620   u      12        n by 8 inches.
Placed 13 culverts, 18 feet by 8 feet by 8 feet.
Bridges over Boundary Creek.
About 3 miles below Greenwood.     Built A-truss bridge with 52-foot span, 14 feet wide.
Repaired bridge 1 mile below Boundary Falls; put in new stringers and deck 27 feet
long.
Bridge at Midway (repairs).    Raised bridge 20 inches ; put in new timbers and new pier;
filled pier with rock; rip-rapped bank of creek and graded approaches.
Bridge over the Kettle River at Midway.
Built new pier and raised bridge 13 inches.
Road, Midway to Rock Creek (repairs).
Distance, 12 miles. This is part of the main road from Penticton to Cascade and is well
travelled, being a part of the stage route to Beaverdell and Camp McKinney, and
all the supplies for these important mining camps are hauled over it. In addition,
it is practically the only means of communication for points south of Midway and
points south and west of Bock Creek. The valley of the Main Kettle River, through
which the road runs, is of an average width of three-quarters of a mile, and forms,
with the adjacent low-lying hills, an excellent agricultural section. To the west and
north of Rock Creek is a large area of agricultural land, well settled and prosperous,
and the produce of this district is mostly marketed at Greenwood, or is shipped from
the terminus of the C. & W. Ry., at Midway.
In repairs, and in shortening the road by three-quarters of a mile, 8,025 feet by 10 feet
were graded; 480 feet by 1 foot ditched; 6,225 feet by 10 feet by 6 feet of earth
excavated; 1,200 feet by 10 feet by 4 feet of rock excavated; stones were removed
from 36,000 feet by 10 feet; there was gravelled 630 feet by 10 feet by 8 inches;
and 5 culverts put in, averaging 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Bridge over Kettle River, at Ingram's (repairs to approaches).
Graded 180 feet by 10 feet; built crib-work 240 feet by 16 feet by 5 feet high, and filled
120 feet by 16 feet by 1£ feet.
Road, West Fork of the Kettle River to Beaverdell (construction).
Distance, 30 miles. This, when completed, will be the main road to the town of Beaverdell and Carmi, and will furnish an outlet for the high-grade ores of this important
section of Southern British Columbia. Previous to 1902, the road had been completed to a point about 3 miles from Westbridge, with detached pieces at intervals
for some miles further on. This year, to make the separate parts available for waggon
traffic, it was necessary to bui'd two bridges and connect them with a road. The
length of the road constructed is now about 18 miles. On the West Fork of the
Kettle River u,nd its tributaries are located a large number of mineral claims, on

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