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-OP   THE	
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, I.S.O., V.D., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1004.  4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 3
To His Honour the Honourable Sir Henri Gustave Joly de LoTBiNiiiRE, K. C. M. G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
I beg herewith respectfully to present the Thirty-third Annual Report on the Public
Schools of the Province.
October, 1904-
Minister of Education.  4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 5
GENERAL   REPORT.  4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 7
Education Office,
Victoria, B.C., October, 1904.
To the Honourable Frederick J. Fulton, K.C.,
Minister of Education.
Sir,—I beg to submit, for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, the
thirty-third Annual Report of the Public Schools of British Columbia for the school-year
ending June 30th, 1904.
The Statistical Returns, which will be found in Part II. of this Report, show a gratifying
increase for the year, both in the number of children enrolled and in the actual daily attendance. The total enrolment in the High, Graded and Common Schools was 25,787, an increase
of 1,288. Of this number, 13,330 were boys and 12,457 were girls. The grand total days'
attendance made by all the pupils enrolled was 3,484,327, an increase of 169,090. The
grand total daily attendance was 3,426,220, an increase of 165,245. The average actual daily
attendance was 17,060, an increase of 703.
During 1903-04 High Schools were maintained at Chilliwack, Cumberland, Grand Forks,
Nanaimo, Nelson, New Westminster, Rossland, Vancouver, Vernon and Victoria. Since the
close of the school-year two additional High Schools have been opened, at Kamloops and
Revelstoke, respectively. The only portion of the Province not yet supplied with High School
facilities is that district opened up some years ago by the Crow's Nest Pass Railroad, a district
particularly rich in lumber and minerals as well as in agricultural land, and which is destined
to become one of the finest sections of the Province.
In a Province in which a Provincial University has not as yet been established, the
importance of these High Schools can scarcely be overestimated. They are the only means
whereby the youth of our country can secure that training necessary for entrance to the
Eastern Universities; they supply, yearly, a large number of recruits for the teaching profession ; and they exert a stimulating and quickening influence on the surrounding Rural Schools.
The last is not their least important function.
The High School enrolment during the past year was 981, an increase of 125. Of this
number 381 were boys and 600 were girls. The great preponderance of girls is accounted for
by the fact that these schools are largely preparatory schools for teachers, and the percentage
of women engaged in our public schools is increasing every year. A 8
Public Schools Report.
The number of divisions, the total enrolment, the total actual daily attendance, and the
percentage of regular attendance in each High School are shown in the following table :—
High Schools.
No. of
of Regular
* Is affiliated to McGill University, in so far as regards the work of the first and second years in Arts.
t Is affiliated to McGill University, in so far as regards the work of the first year in Arts.
The reports of the principals of the High Schools follow :—
" Chilliwack, September 10th, 1904.
" Alex. Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education.
" Sm,—I beg to submit to you my report of Chilliwack High School for the academic
year 1903-1904.
"The school was opened for the admission of pupils on the 24th of August, 1903. Owing
to the High School building not being completed, we occupied a private dwelling from the
beginning of the Autumn term until Easter of the following year.
" The building erected by the Department for High School purposes is very commodious
and contains two excellent class-rooms. The attendance during the year reached 32, but as
this is an agricultural valley, many of these left in spring for work on the farm.
" The work of the year was very pleasant and the utmost harmony prevailed between
pupils and teacher. The pupils worked with a will, and, although the work of two years was
taken in one, our efforts were rewarded with success at the examinations. Two candidates
presented themselves for the Intermediate Examination and both were successful. In the
Junior Class 16 wrote and 8 were successful.
" A feature worthy of mention is the marked interest taken in the High School by the
people of the valley. They feel that the great expense in keeping their children at other
High Schools is now at an end. The Board of Trustees was very active in promoting the
interests of the High School and put forth every effort in its behalf.
" I have, etc.,
"D. C. Little,
" Principal."
"Cumberland, B.C., September 14th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education.
Sir,—I beg to submit the annual report of Cumberland High School for the year ending
June 30th,  1904.
" The attendance of the school increased somewhat over that of last year, the total enrolment for the year being 31, as against 26 last year. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 9
" At the Midsummer Examination three intermediate and five junior candidates presented
themselves, and all were successful.    One other pupil secured a third class certificate.
" Our reference library is gradually growing, and the general school equipment is quite
" The ready assistance of trustees and other citizens in all things pertaining to the
interests of the school has contributed largely to its success and to the enjoyment of the
school work.
"I have, etc.,
"B. R. Simpson,
Grand Forks.
"Grand Forks, B.C., September 12th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit the first annual report of Grand Forks High School.
"The school was established early in September, 1903, and had a total enrolment of 23
for the year.
" A serious set-back was received about the middle of November, when the school was
closed on account of a scarlet fever epidemic, and did not re-open until after the Christmas
" The trustees provided all equipment necessary for the work of a High School, and also
secured a complete supply of new single desks at Christmas.
" One pupil secured a third class certificate at the July examinations.
" I have, etc.,
"G. W. Clark,
"Nanaimo, B. C, September 12th, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit the report of the Nanaimo High School for the school-year ending
June 30th, 1904.
" Owing to the illness of the Principal at the commencement of the school-year, considerable
difficulty was experienced in covering the work in the different classes.
" Now, however, that a third teacher has been appointed, the younger pupils will receive
better attention than it was ever possible for them to receive during former years.
" The success of the pupils at the midsummer examination was fair. The juniors did not
do quite as well as was expected, but is it not a fact that rather too much is demanded from
them at their first examination 1
"The intermediate class did well in most of the subjects, and out of five candidates four
were successful. The one who failed passed on the totals, but was behind on one subject.
This pupil will, I understand, be compelled to wait for another year to try the examination,
and will then have to take all the subjects again, while those who wrote on the Matriculation
Examination are allowed to take a supplemental, if they did not fail in more than two subjects.
This I consider unfair to pupils who take our High School Intermediate course. Either they
should be granted a supplemental, or else those who cannot pass the Matriculation, unless they
take it in sections, should not receive certificates. I hope to see a change in this before long,
as I am well aware that your Department will not permit any rule to exist when it militates
against the pupils of one section more than against those of another. A 10 Public Schools Report. 1904
" I am aware that it may be urged, why not take the Matriculation work, as they do in
some of the other cities 1 To such I may state that we have not the same facilities for conducting such examinations as exist in larger centres, and our experience with them in the past
has not been encouraging.
" The first time any of the pupils tried the Matriculation in June, whether owing to
bungling or lack of interest, the results of our examination were not made known until sometime after the other results had been published. And the last time any of our pupils wrote,
the clergyman who had consented to act as supervisor was called away on important business
a few days before that set for the examination, and, accordingly, at the last moment, another
name had to be submitted. Meanwhile the papers had been forwarded to the first party and
were received by one of his friends, who, not knowing what they were, relegated them to a
top shelf to await the absent clergyman's return, and hen^e another delay, as several days
elapsed before the papers were discovered.
"Now, while it is not probable that a like annoyance would occur at every June examination, I maintain that it is not in keeping with the dignity of our educational system, in such
important examinations, to be placed in the somewhat humiliating position of having a person
to act as supervisor who may be doing it more as a favour than as a duty, and who may sometimes be compelled either to neglect his own private business or the examination. Accordingly,
I have decided to keep to the course as prescribed by your Department for the High Schools
in British Columbia, and trust that your Department will see that our pupils receive as fair
an opportunity to obtain their life certificates as that already afforded to the pupils of the
larger High Schools.
" I have, &c,
" Walter Hunter, Principal."
"Nelson, 13th September, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit the fourth annual report of Nelson High School.
" The year just closed has presented  no new features.     The equipment of the science
laboratory has been extended.    One pupil matriculated for Toronto University, two secured
intermediate, and three junior, certificates.
" Relations with pupils, parents, trustees and Department have been satisfactory.
" I have, &c,
"Richard J. Clark, Principal."
New Westminster.
"New Westminster, September 21st, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit herewith my report of New Westminster High School for the
year ended June 30th, 1904.
" Although the amount of work attempted in the school was greater than that done in
any previous year, the results were not satisfactory. The number of pupils who passed the
examination for Junior Certificates was too small for a city with the population of New Westminster.
" The teacher of the second division, however, is not to blame for his pupils' want of
success. Their failure must be ascribed to the kind of assistance that he received from the
third division, where, after Mr. King's resignation, the work was carried on in a free and easy
sort of way, without any person feeling himself responsible for the result. The teacher who
now shares with Mr. Anderson the business of preparing students for Junior Certificates came
too late to change the course of events and bring school affairs to a successful issue. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 11
" I am pleased to be able again to report that the senior pupils maintained their reputation
for diligence and success in their studies. In the first division there were really three grades :
prospective matriculants, first year students and second year undergraduates of the University of
Toronto. In each of these classes were students who passed the University examinations with
distinction. Our second year undergraduates did exceedingly well. One of them would have
been a competitor for the Rhodes Scholarship had he not been barred by age, being six years
younger than the successful candidate from Vancouver.
"You will have seen by the reports already sent in that 28 pupils were enrolled in this
division during the year. Three of this number, who were absent for more than half the time
that the school was in session, and two whose attendance was very irregular, did not present
themselves at the final examination. The remaining 23 were examined on University papers,
and all of them succeeded, in a greater or less degree, except three who failed on account of
carelessness and inability.
" I have, &c,
" H. M. Stramberg, Principal."
"Rossland, B. C, September 17th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education.
" SiB)—I beg to submit the annual report of Rossland High School, of which I had charge
during the past half-year. At the beginning of last session the Board of Trustees was successful in arranging for matriculation with McGill Uuniversity. Two students wrote, of whom
one was successful.
" In the senior section of the Junior Grade the work was not so satisfactory as might be
desired, the greatest drawback being irregularity of attendance and lack of ambition, especially
among the older pupils, which had a detrimental effect upon the whole class. It is hoped that,
owing to different arrangements, the coming session may prove more satisfactory.
" I have, &c,
" C. A. Thomson, Principal."
"Vancouver, B. C, September 15th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit my report of the Vancouver High School and College for the
academic year 1903-4.
" The statistical returns, which appear in Part II. of the Public School Report, will show
that the grand total enrolment for the institution is 358, a gain of 37, or of nearly 11 per cent,
over that of the year 1902-3, and indicative, thus, of very satisfactory numerical growth.
" The results, too, as indicated by examinations, are satisfactory, the pass lists showing in
successful candidates a gain of nearly 14 per cent, in the Junior Departmental Examination,
and of 4 per cent, in the University Examinations (so far as yet heard from) over the corresponding percentage for the preceding year. There is a gain, also, of over 11 per cent, in the
number of candidates offering for these examinations, which is slightly in excess of the
increased percentage of enrolment.
" With the returns incomplete, it is impossible here to follow my usual practice of giving
honourable mention to the division of the school which has made the best showing in examinations ; but it should be mentioned to the credit of the Matriculation Division that, though
technically not in competition, it has furnished four candidates who, had they given the
necessary formal notice, would have been well ' in the running' for University Matriculation
Exhibitions, one of them, in fact, standing within a single mark of the first exhibitioner.    A success more notable still, not only for himself and for this institution, but also for the
educational system of the Province, which provided for him all the scholastic training needed,
is that of Mr. A. W. Donaldson, winner of a prize of unique possibilities, the first Rhodes
Scholarship for British Columbia.
"A success of this kind is an inspiration for the boys who come after. There are indications that the career of a student is coming to have for the youth of the West some of the
attractiveness with which it has long been invested in Eastern Canada. Our present classes
contain not a few prospective Rhodes scholars, or, failing that, prospective University students.
Our representation, too, for the coming year in the more strictly scholastic Faculty of Arts
at Eastern Universities will reach the fairly respectable figure of at least 8, including 3, or
possibly 4, who have taken the second year at Vancouver College.
" The growth of the desire for the full Course in Arts must soon make pertinent the consideration of ' ways and means' to meet it locally; and, as tending to establish a fit standard
of proficiency in candidates, while raising local institutions of learning to the full standing of
university colleges, I would beg to recommend the creation of a Provincial Board of Reference, with certain discretionary powers in the matter of affiliation and of subjects, which
should receive the reports of the several University Examining Boards upon the candidates
prepared by the several local affiliated colleges, and grant degrees accordingly. The cost of
this to the Province would be too slight to affect other needed financial provision for the
coming University of British Columbia.
" I may be permitted another suggestion, although it, too, involves a slight increase in
expenditure, for expenditure which would tend indirectly to raise the standard of the teaching
profession and directly to produce better educational results should prove a good investment
for the Province. The statistical returns of our High Schools show that classes in advance of
the requirements for teacher's certificates of the Second Class are far smaller than they should
be in view of the average circumstances of our students, which points to the fact that too few
of those who would be educators really care enough for education to go beyond what secures
for them a ' life' certificate. The remedy, of course, is largely in the hands of City School
Boards ; but, in the case of ungraded schools, the Government could help most materially by
paying teachers employed in these schools according to the grade of certificate held. The
difference in salary need be but slight; and, obviously, the proposed scale should not apply to
successful teachers now in the profession who hold a low certificate. The mere fact that a
differentiation existed, and applied to them, would have a wholesome effect upon prospective
" Beyond the foregoing statistics and recommendations, there is little that calls for special
comment, either in the condition of the institution or in the working of the curriculum and of
educational system generally. There has been no change in staff during the year; but for
the year which is opening we lose the services—it is hoped but temporarily—of Mr. L. F.
Robertson, for three years a most valued colleague and eminently successful teacher, who
re-enters McGill College as a post-graduate student and also intructor in the Department of
Classics. His work in Greek is being taken by Mr. Sidney Gunn, B. A. (Harvard), a specialist in languages, who also gives several courses in modern languages, where our work has
become too great for one instructor to accomplish, more classes than previously having been
formed in expectation of the recognition of these languages and of Greek as subjects of the
Junior Curriculum. Such recognition and some extension of the requirements in science
would serve to co-ordinate effectively and complete a curriculum which in its main feature is
admirably adapted to existing conditions.
" It was hoped that we should be able to leave our cramped quarters for more commodious
ones at the close of the academic year just ended, but we are still in the old building for the
present term. After that, whether with more success or not, we shall at any rate carry on
our work with less inconvenience.
" I have, etc.,
" J. C. Shaw, Principal." 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 13
"Vernon, September 13th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I beg to submit to you my report of the Vernon High School for the year 1903-4.
"The school was moved to the new High School building in January, 1904, and the year
was completed under more favourable conditions.      Out of 18 candidates for Matriculation
Part I. or Parts I. and II., 15 were successful.
" In February last the Board procured apparatus adequate for the High School science
work, and great interest was shown in this department.
" A literary and debating society was organised. The meetings were held at the close of
school on each Friday, and by music, debate and mock court, added considerably to the interest
in school life. An athletic club was also formed. With a view to encouraging out-door sports
the Board is having the school grounds levelled.
" I have, etc.,
"C. Fulton,
" Principal."
"Victoria, B.C., October 4th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report on the condition and progress
of the Victoria High School and College for the year 1903-4.
" Last term seven pupils of the High School, whose Provincial Intermediate and Senior
Certificates had been accepted in lieu of matriculation, took advantage of our affiliation with
McGill University to enroll themselves as students of the first year in Arts. The earnest
work done by them showed that they appreciated their privilege, and was a source of much
gratification to their teachers. The result of the Sessional Examinations was, on the whole,
satisfactory. One of the students, Miss Wollaston, who had been doing excellent, but, perhaps, a little too hard, work, was prevented by illness from taking the examination. Of the
remaining six, three passed entirely, two'were conditioned, and one only failed.
"At the Matriculation Examination, out of a class of 24, 18 passed, four were conditioned, one did not attempt to complete examination in September, and one failed. At the
June examination, however, some of the 18—reported above as having passed—failed in
French, and were compelled to come up again for examination in that subject in September.
A short summer session, however, and some good hard work enabled them to complete their
matriculation in that month. The time hitherto given to preparing candidates in French for
the Matriculation Examination has been quite inadequate, as I had the honour to point out
in my report last year, and I now beg to state that I have taken advantage of the permission
you have kindly given me to introduce the study of that language into each division of the
High School.
" The pass list of the third and fourth divisions in the Junior Departmental Examination
was very satisfactory. Of the 54 pupils who presented themselves at that examination, 38 (a
little more than 70%) passed, while one of the girls from this school, Miss Kathleen M. Cock-
rell, received 1,100 out of a possible 1,400 marks—the highest marks obtained by any candidate at the examination.
" Since the beginning of this term, a cadet corps has been established in the High School,
under the instruction of Sergeant-Major Mulcahy, which 1 have no doubt will prove of great
benefit to the boys who have taken advantage of the excellent training which they receive as
members of such a body. It is far from satisfactory, however, to have to state that the
majority of the boys, and all the girls, of the High School are without physical instruction.
" The many duties that Mr. Ian St. Clair is called upon to perform, as Physical Instructor
in the schools of this city, necessitated, I am informed, his removal from duty in the High A 14 Public Schools Report. 1904
School, where he is held in great respect and affection by both teachers and pupils; and I take
this opportunity of stating that his influence for good, and his cheerful presence will long be
remembered in the High School.
" We have suffered another serious loss by the resignation, last April, of Miss Watson
(Mrs. Dr. Young). I need not tell you, Sir, how earnestly Miss Watson threw herself into
the work of the school, how eagerly she entered into every scheme for the advantage or
amusement of the pupils, or what energy and ability she brought to bear on every detail of
her duties. But I may state that the results of the recent examinations bear ample testimony
to the thoroughness of her teaching. Of the six pupils of the University class, four were in
Class I. in English, one of them, Miss Mowat, having obtained in that subject the second
place in a class of about 95 students. In the Matriculation and Junior Examinations her
pupils were equally successful.
Miss Watson has been succeeded as teacher of English by Miss Jeanette Cann, who has
brought with her a brilliant record from Dalhousie University, and whose work in this school
is, as you know, excellent.
" The debt of the High School to Mr. Eaton for the assistance and advice he so cheerfully gives to my colleagues and myself, in matters appertaining to our duties, is accumulating
every year, and I am sure he understands that it is not from want of gratitude or appreciation
that I seldom refer to it.
" I have, etc.,
" Edward B. Paul,
" Principal." 4 Ed. 7
Public Schools Report.
A 15
A graded school consists of at least two divisions having as its teaching staff a Principal
and at least one assistant. The total enrolment in these schools was 16,968, an increase for
the year of 799. The actual daily attendance was 11,866, an increase of 453. The number
of boys enrolled was 8,849, of girls 8,119. The percentage of regular attendance of the graded
schools of Victoria was 78.31; of Nanaimo, 72.46; of New Westminster, 71.85; and of
Vancouver, '71.52.
The following table gives the names of the several Graded Schools, the number of divisions
in each, the total enrolment, the actual daily attendance and the percentage of regular
attendance :—
Actual Daily
Percentage of
Asherof t	
Burnaby, West
Cedar Hill	
n        South ..
Grand Forks
Maple Ridge	
Nanaimo :
Middle Ward
North Ward ..
New Denver	
New Westminster :
North Arm	
Sea Island	
67 68
60.49 A 16
Public Schools Report.
Actual Daily
Percentage of
Vancouver :
Mount Pleasant
"Vancouver, East....
// South ..
Victoria :
Kingston Street
North Ward	
Rock Bay	
South Park
Spring Ridge. ..
69.24 4 Ed. 7
Public Schools Report.                                      A 17
The total enrolment in
these schools for the year was
7,838.    Of these 4,100 were boys
and 3,738 were girls.    The
increase for the year was 364.
The total actual daily attendance
was 4,520, an increase of 193.    New schools were opened
at Black Mountain, near Kelowna;
at Camborne, near the head of the Upper Arrow Lake ; at Discovery, near Atlin ; at Hedley,
in the Similkameen Valley
: at Lazo, near Comox school
;   at Lotbiniere, in the Chilliwack
Valley; at Lynn Valley, on
the north shore of Burrard
Inlet; at Majuba Hill, near Sumas
Lake; at Marysville and at North Star, both near Fort Steele; at Rosebery, on Slocan Lake ;
at Wardner, on the Crow's
Nest Pass Railroad ; and at
Winlaw,  a siding  on  the railroad
running from Slocan to Slocan Junction.    In the followin
y list of common schools the names
in italics are " assisted schools " :—
Campbell Creek,
Dolan Corners,
Campbell Creek, South,
Camp McKinney,
Camp Slough,
Alberni, New,
Canoe Creek,
Albert Canyon,
Cape Scott,
Dunach, South,
Aldergrove, South,
Cedar, East,
Alert Bay,
Cedar, North,
Elk Lake,
Alkali Lake,
Cedar, South,
Chase River,
Anarchist Mountain,
Chemainus Landing,
Chilliwack, East,
Fort Steele,
Gabriola, South,
Barnston Island,
Caliano, South,
Beaver Creek,
Beaver Mouth,
Beaver Point,
Bella Coola,
Cortez Island,
Bella Coola, Lower,
Black Mountain,
Blue Springs,
Gordon Head,
Boundary Bay,
Crescent Island,
Grand Prairie,
Boundary Falls,
Bowen Island,
Gultus Lake,
Hall's Prairie,
Burgoyne Bay,
Deep Creek,
Haney, East,
Cache Creek,
Denman Island,	
Harrison Hot Springs,
Departure Bay,
Harrison River, A 18
Public Schools Report.
Hatzic Prairie,
Hope Station,
Horse Creek,
Howe Sound,
Kensington, East, \
Kettle River,
Kettle River, North,
Lac la Hache,
Lac la Hache, North,
Langley, East,
Langley Prairie,
Lillooet, South,
Lynn Valley,
Lytton, North,
Mabel Lake,
Majuba Hill,
Maple Bay,
Mayne Island,
Morris Valley,
Mount Lehman,
Mount Sicker,
Mud Bay,
Nanaimo Bay,
Nanaimo, North,
Nanaimo, South,
Newton Road,
Nicola, Lower,
Nicomen, North,
North Bend,
North Star,
North Thompson,
North Thompson, West,
Notch Hill,
Oak Bay,
Okanagan Falls,
Okanagan Landing,
Okanagan Mission,
Okanagan South,
Okanagan, West,
Otter Lake,
Otter Point,
Oyster, North,
Port Kells,
Port Moody,
Read Island,
Rock Creek,
Rock Mountain,
Round Prairie,
Saanich, North,
Saanich, South,
Saanich, West,
Saint Elmo,
Salmon Arm, East,
Salmon Arm, West,
Silver Creek,
Sooke, East,
Spence's Bridge,
Spring Brook,
Stave River,
Steves ton,
Strawberry Vale,
Sumas, South,
Sumas, Upper,
Surrey Centre,
Tappen Siding,
Thomson's Landing,
Three Forks,
Tobacco Plains,
Trout Lake,
Union Bay,
Valdez Island,
Van And a,
Vancouver, North,
Vancouver, West,
Vesuvius, North,
Webster's Corners,
Williams Lake,
Ymir. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 19
The total number of teachers and monitors employed was 624, an increase of 17. Of
this number 29 were employed in the High Schools, 321 in the Graded Schools, and 274 in
the Common Schools. The percentage of average daily attendance throughout the Province
was 66.16.
The expenditure for education proper during the year was :—
Teachers' Salaries     $218,543 25
Incidental Expenses  17,902 04
Per Capita Grant to Cities  141,906 10
Grant to High Schools  8,350 00
Education Office  7,029 37
Inspection of Schools     11,697 14
Normal School  5,504 43
Education of Deaf and Dumb    4,426  10
$415,358 43
Less Fees for Teachers' Examination  975 00
$414,383 43
The cost of construction of new school-houses, furniture, repairs, and improvements
generally to school property for the year was $38,929.57. The total cost to the Provincial
Government for all purposes of education during 1903-4 was :—
Education Proper $414,383 43
Department of Lands and Works       38,929 57
$453,313 00
In addition to this amount the incorporated cities spent the following sums over and
above the per capita grants received from the Treasury:—
Cities of the First Class.
Vancouver   $ 59,144 66
Victoria  .      42,416 89
Cities of the Second Class.
Nanaimo    $ 4,171 20
Nelson  6,450 95
New Westminster  9,748 59
Rossland  5,513 55
Cities of the Third Class.
Cumberland $       531 35
Grand Forks ,  3,302 97
Greenwood   1,603 69
Kamloops  609 80
Kaslo     1,655 64
Phcenix     755 95
Revelstoke   3,336 23
Sandon  827 80
Slocan  864 90
Trail   1,207 35
Vernon  2,309 80
$144,451 32
Amount expended by Provincial Government       453,313 00
Grand total cost of education , $597,764 32
The grand total cost of education for the year 1902-3 was $604,357.86. A 20
Public Schools Report.
The cost to the Government of Education proper in the several Electoral Districts was:
Alberni $    8,085 30
Atlin  2,205 00
Cariboo  2,746 20
Chilliwack  17,111 35
Columbia  6,365 00
Comox  12,077 55
Cowichan  9,251 45
Cranbrook     8,053 60
Delta     22,878 65
Dewdney  14,256 40
Esquimalt  5,943 60
Fernie  7,991 65
Grand Forks  8,213 32
Greenwood  3,920 40
. (The) Islands    7,737 05
Kamloops  14,066 50
Kaslo  3,921  15
Lillooet  4,807 05
Nanaimo City  13,025 46
Nelson City  5,526 22
Newcastle  19,414 90
New Westminster City  13,119 96
Okanagan  20,406 90
Revelstoke  8,084 15
Richmond  14,996 15
Rossland City  6,788 46
Saanich  10,583 15
Similkameen     5,856 23
Skeena  3,367 75
Slocan  6,084 60
Vancouver City  50,934 70
Victoria City  32,839  20
Yale  10,868 99
Ymir  5,173 35
$386,701  39
The following table shows the cost of each  pupil on enrolment and on average daily
attendance during the past ten years :—
Cost of each
pupil on
Cost of each
pupil on
average actual
$14 02
14 17
13 97
14 03
14 00
13 29
13 22
15 29
16 20
16 07
$22 95
22 14
22 08
22 40
21 83
21 29
20 67
1901-02 •	
23 48
24 27
24 28 4 Ed. 7
Public Schools Report.
A 21
The gradual growth of the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit :—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools from
1872-73 to 1903-04.
of School
actual daily
for education
$ 37,763 77
35,287 59
61 51
34,822 28
44,506 11
47,129 63
43,334 01
*22.110 70
47,006 10
46,960 69
49,268 63
50,850 63
66,655 15
71,151 52
79,527 56
88,521 08
99,902 04
108,190 59
122,984 83
136,901 73
160,627 80
190,558 33
169,050 18
189,037 25
204,930 32
220,810 38
247,756 37
268,653 46
284,909 10
312,187 17
365,492 15
397,003 46
414,383 43
1872-73 .
1873-74 . .
1874-75 . .
1875-76 .
1876-77 ..
1877-78 ..
1878-79 .
1879-80 .
1880-81 . ,
1881-82 . .
1882-83 . .
1883-84 . .
1884-85 .
1885-86 . .
1886-87 . .
1887-88 .
1888-89 . .
1889-90 .
1890-91 .
1891-92 ..
1892-93 .
1893-94 ..
1894-95 . .
1895-96 . .
1896-97 ..
1897-98 . .
1898-99 . .
1900-01 . .
1901-02 . .
1902-03 .
1903-04 . .
* Half-year.
t Including only those in which a school was in operation during the year. A 22
Public Schools Report.
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> A 24 Public Schools Report. 1904
"Office of Inspector of Schools,
"Victoria, B. C, 30th June, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C.
" Sir,—I beg leave to submit the following report on the condition of the schools in
Inspectorate No. 1 for the school-year ending 30th June, 1904 :—
" During the past year many of the trustees, aided by the teachers, have put forth commendable efforts to better the condition and appearance of their school buildings and grounds.
This is a laudable and praiseworthy act, and I trust the good work thus begun will continue
until the school premises become the brightest and most alluring spot to be found in the
district. This will be accomplished more readily if liberal help and encouragement are given
by the Education Department.
" A matter requiring the careful attention of the Education Department is the furnishing
of the schools with modern desks. At present a large number of schools are furnished with
old wooden desks, which in construction are uncomfortable and unhygienic. These should be
replaced by modern, comfortable, hygienic desks.
" I have been requested by a number of the teachers to make a few remarks relative to
reading in our schools and also relative to the ' New Education.'
" First, Reading.—I consider the reading in our schools does not receive the attention
from the teacher generally that its importance demands, and is, therefore, of a lower grade
than it should be. I am aware that good reading involves a process quite complex, and is,
consequently, for children an attainment involving many difficulties.
" Good reading results only from long continued and careful practice, backed up by intelligence. It includes distinct, clear and forcible enunciation. It also includes purity of
pronunciation, which consists in giving to each letter its right sound and to each word its
proper accent. The teacher must remember that it is his place to instruct in the art of reading ;
he has not simply to hear, but to teach. In the earlier stages he may facilitate progress by
writing the new words on the blackboard, separating their syllables and explaining them. He
must see that the reading is never too fast, that it may be forcible and distinct; and whenever occasion demands he should utter words forcibly, drawing attention to himself while doing
so. As the pupils advance he must make clear, chiefly by his own reading, the importance of
accent, emphasis, pauses, pitch and modulation of voice.
" The correction of errors must not be neglected. The teacher must see that the correction is made both by the reader and the class. In stimulating children to discover and correct
errors, care must be taken of the spirit in which it is done, that they may become not captious
and fault-finding; nor should guessing or exaggeration be allowed, nor criticism expected
above intelligence.
" A child's first claim is that it be taught to read, then that it be taught to read with
profit. It must read with attention. It must be taught to hold what it reads in its mind ;
and nothing will enable it to do this so well as exacting from it an account of what it has
read. This may be done in two ways—by getting in the child's own language the result of its
reading, and having it rendered as nearly as possible in the words of the took. Perhaps the
best plan is to combine the two. For if only the first is sought, the children get into a loose
style of reading; and if the latter only, it degenerates into mere memory. The union of the
two produces a habit of attention. But the learner must not only read with attention but
with intelligence. This must be sought because it is essential to good reading; it is the only
way to invest reading with permanent interest, and is the best way to secure rapid progress.
" The '■New Education.'—Many of the teachers, especially the younger ones, have been
puzzling over the meaning of the ' New Education,' wondering what methods they must adopt 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 25
in order to become acquainted with it, forgetting that there is no education that is new in
kind; and yet it is true that education is always new, otherwise it is of no importance or
" We know, however, that the old has been revitalised and renewed, and, therefore, its
efficiency as an educational means is to increase rather than diminish by putting the pupil in
contact with his daily life. This is fundamental and may be applied everywhere, but it has
particular reference to persons living in the country. This modern foresight is one of the
prime agencies that is to hasten the onward and upward movement in country life, and, therefore, is one of the leading points of the 'New Education.' The idea that education shall be
related in some way to the daily life has strongly attracted our attention. This is, no doubt,
in consequence of the growth in popular education; for most persons must earn their living,
and ability to earn a living must be increased, the person must be actuated by some inspiration and some satisfaction in the life that he himself must live. Most of the common people
engage in the mechanic arts and agriculture. Then we, as educators, must make these and all
the industries mean more than they ever meant before, in order that the millions of persons
who engage in them may live fuller lives. The education that makes men and women great
is that which enables them to rise to a higher place, whilst still content with a day's wage
and perhaps a humble life. Much has been said about the ideals of education, but the true
philosophy of life is to idealise everything with which we have to do. This is another leading
point of the'New Education.' It begins at home. It is, perhaps, expressed in the single
term 'Nature Study,' which is an outgrowth of an effort to put the child into living relationship with his own conditions. This would seem to be the natural and necessary order; it is,
however, the marvel in education that it is not so. How unrelated much of our teaching is to
the daily life is well shown by inquiries recently made of some country children of one of the
Eastern Provinces as to what vocation they hoped to follow. Of those of ten years of age,
twenty per cent, hoped to follow some vocation connected with country life ; of those of fourteen years of age, only two per cent, desired such an occupation. This remarkable state of
affairs the questioner ascribes in part to the influence of the teacher in the school, who is
usually from the city. The teacher measures everything in terms of the city. He talks of
the city. He returns to the city at the end of the week. In the meantime, all the beauty
and attraction and opportunity of the country are unsuggested. Unconsciously to both teacher
and pupil, the minds of the children are turned towards the city. There results a constant
migration to the city, bringing about serious social and economic problems; but the serious
part of it is, from the educational point of view, the fact that such a school training unfits the
child to live in its normal and natural environment.
" Many of the teachers are inexperienced in methods of successfully handling children in
the school-room. I beg, therefore, to state for their information that an essential qualification
for a successful teacher is a love of education. A few of the elements of such love are
sympathy with children, so as to participate in their feelings and appreciate their wishes and
wants; interest in the development and culture of their faculties ; and an intense desire to
promote their present and eternal welfare. No place has such attractions as the school-room
for such a teacher ; he enters it early and willingly; he works in it with pleasure—his whole
manner showing the children how much interest he has in them; he lingers about it after his
labours are over, and tears himself away from it with reluctance. To such a teacher the
discouragements and difficulties of his position are no reason why his work should become
wearisome, but only furnish additional incentives to labour with increased vigour. Such a
love as this should be assiduously cultivated. Some of the means of doing so are making the
children the subject of study, closely observing the opening of their faculties, and devising
plans for their benefit. To get love foi; an object you must work for it. A knowledge of
mind as the material on which he has to operate is as essential to the teacher as that of the
body to the physician, or plants to the gardener. A knowledge of its laws, which are fixed
and certain as those which obtain in any department of physics, will not merely enable him
skilfully to adapt the matter of his instruction to the state of his pupils, but will furnish him
with certain means for their discipline and instruction ; without the knowledge he is as one
stumbling in the dark.
" The pupils in nearly all the schools are properly classified, and the progress made,
speaking generally, during the past year has been fairly satisfactory. During my visits of
inspection I have, when considered necessary, endeavoured to impress on the teachers the
importance of giving special attention to beginners, in order to prevent them getting into A 26 Public Schools Report. 1904
careless and indolent habits. It is a matter of vital importance in the career of a pupil to
get a right start, and the teacher that pays strict attention to this matter will be amply
rewarded by the progress and correct habits of study of his pupils in after years.
" I had in mind some matters relative to the adaptability of the present course of study
to the needs of the rural schools, and also to the present methods of inspection. I found,
however, that an examination of these matters would take up too much space, and have left
them for consideration in a report I am compiling and which I hope to be able to put before
the public in the near future.
" Subjoined you will find the required synopsis of the standing of the schools in Inspectorate No. 1 for the school-year 1903-1904.
" I have, etc.,
" S. B. Netherby,
" Inspector of Schools."
" Synopsis of the Standing of the Schools in Inspectorate No. 1 for the
School-year 1903-04.
"Alberni.—Inspected September 8th, 1903, and May 5th, 1904. The work of each
grade is satisfactory;  the school enjoys a healthy tone.
"Alberni (Beaver Creek).—Inspected September 8th, 1903, and May 5th, 1904. Satisfactory progress has been made since previous visit.
"Alberni, New.—Inspected September 8th, 1903, and May 6th, 1904. At the time of
last inspection the school was in excellent condition.
"Beaver Point.—Inspected August 27th, 1903, and February 17th, 1904. The work is
progressing in a very satisfactory manner; improvement since previous visit.
"Burgoyne Bay.—Inspected August 28th, 1903, and February 16th, 1904. The school
is properly classified and graded, and the work is being well done. A good tone runs through
the school.
"Cadboro Bay.—Inspected October 12 th, 1903. The classification and grading are
suitable, and progress has been made since previous visit.
"Cedar, East.—Inspected October 28th, 1903, and May 11th, 1904. Classification
suitable; manual work improving; pupils are industrious and a better tone runs through the
school than heretofore.
" Cedar, North.—Inspected October 28th, 1903, and May 11th, 1904. Classification
and grading in accordance with the course of study, and satisfactory progress is being made.
"Cedar, South.—Inspected October 27th, 1903, and May 10th, 1904. Work, generally
speaking, backward; caused, no doubt, by the frequent change of teachers.
" Chase River.—Inspected November 4th, 1903, and May 11th, 1904. A very noticeable improvement has taken place in this school since previous visit; standing at present,
"Chemainus.—Inspected October 7th, 1903, and February 5th, 1904. Classification and
grading in accordance with course of study. General tone good; all work neatly and carefully executed ; school in good standing.
"Chemainus Landing.—Inspected, October 7th, 1903, and February 5th, 1904. All
work neatly and carefully done; order and discipline good; general tone good; standing
"Colwood.—Inspected October 19th, 1903, and April 27th, 1904. Classification and
grading good ; general tone excellent; progress since previous visit satisfactory.
"Comox.—Inspected April 14th, 1904. Classification and grading satisfactory; work
improving. When the other schools in Comox Valley were inspected in September, 1903, this
school was closed.
"Courtenay.—Inspected September 16th, 1903, and April 13th, 1904. Grading and
classification satisfactory. An improvement is noticeable since the coming of the present
"Cowichan.—Inspected October 1st, 1903, and January 27th, 1904. The work,
generally speaking, is backward ; more thoroughness is required.
" Craigflower.—Inspected September 25th, 1903, and March 15th, 1904. The work is
being fairly well executed ; classification and grading in accordance with the course prescribed.
At the time of the last inspection the present teacher had been in charge but a short time. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 27
"Crofton.—Inspected November 16th, 1903. The work is progressing in a satisfactory
manner; a good tone runs through the school.
" Denman Island.—Inspected September 22nd, 1903, and April 20th, 1904. Classification and grading are in accordance with the course of study; all work is progressing in a
satisfactory manner; a healthy tone runs through this school.
"Departure Bay.—Inspected September 2nd, 1903, and March 23rd, 1904. A change
of teachers in this school during the year hindered to some extent the progress; however, the
work is now going on in a satisfactory manner.
"Elk Lake.—Inspected August 20th, 1903, and January 18th, 1904. Classification
and grading in line with the course of study prescribed, and all work progressing in a favourable manner; a good tone runs through the school.
"Gabriola, South.—Inspected November 3rd, 1903. This school was in good standing
at date of inspection. A spirit of industry runs through all grades and classes; the work is
"Galiano.—Inspected August 25th, 1903, and May 18th, 1904. Classification and
grading good; work in most instances satisfactory; a healthy tone runs through the school.
"Galiano, South.—Inspected August 25th, 1903. A frequent change of teachers injures
this school; the work at date of visit was fairly good. On May the 18th, 1904, the date of
second visit, the school was closed.
"Ganges.—Inspected August 28th, 1903, and February 18th, 1904. The work put
forward was, in most instances, satisfactory; an industrious tone runs through the school.
"Gill.—Inspected September 4th, 1903, and May 4th, 1904. The grades are well
defined, the classification is suitable, and progress made since previous visit satisfactory.
"Glenora.—Inspected September 30th, 1903, and January 3rd, 1904. I notice an
improvement in this school since my previous visit; a better tone runs through all the classes
than heretofore.
"Goldstream.—Inspected November 24th, 1903, and April 25th, 1904. Classification
and grading satisfactory. The work in each grade, as presented at the last inspection, was
"Gordon Head.—Inspected November 25th, 1903. The work put forward at this
inspection was satisfactory.
"Grantham.—Inspected September 17th, 1903, and April 15th, 1904. An improvement
is noticeable since previous visit; tone healthy.
" Harewood.—Inspected September 3rd, 1903, and March 8th, 1904. This school, which
has been in a backward condition, is improving.
"Hornby Island.—Inspected September 21st, 1903. The pupils are backward in their
work, owing to the school having been closed for some time.
"Lake.—Inspected August 20th, 1903, and January 18th, 1904. Classification and
grading good, and all work satisfactory.
"Lazo.—Inspected April 14th, 1904. A small school just opened, composed of pupils
who had been in attendance at Comox school; all work elementary.
"Malahat.—Inspected October 2nd, 1903, and January 25th, 1904. School in good
standing; all work neatly and accurately executed.
"Maple Bay.—Inspected September 29th, 1903, and February 2nd, 1904. Order and
neatness prevail in this school; all work satisfactory.
"Mayne Island.—Inspected August 24th, 1903, and May 16th, 1904. The work is
backward.    A frequent change of teachers has injured the standing of the school.
"Metchosin.—Inspected October 19th, 1903, and April 27th, 1904. Excellent work
has been done in this school during the past year ; general tone good.
" Mountain.—Inspected September 2nd, 1903, and March 23rd, 1904. The work is
neatly and accurately done; the order and discipline good. A healthy tone runs through the
"Mount Sicker.—Inspected November 17th, 1903. Classification and grading in
accordance with the course of study; work satisfactory.
"Minto.—Inspected September 16th, 1903, and April 15th, 1904. Schopl in a backward condition owing to irregular attendance, which is caused by bad home training.
"Nanaimo, North.—Inspected September 1st, 1903, and March 7th, 1904. An
improvement is noticeable since previous visit; better order, and more care in the execution
of work. A 28 Public Schools Report. 1904
" Nanaimo, South.—Inspected September 9th, 1903, and March 9th, 1904. The present
teacher has brought the school into good condition. All work neatly and accurately executed;
order and discipline good.
"Nanaimo Bay.—Inspected October 26th, 1903, and March 10th, 1904. Order and
discipline excellent; classification and grading in line with the course of study ; work carefully and neatly done; tone good.
" Nanoose.—Inspected September 10th, 1903. The work under the present teacher is
progressing in a favourable manner.     (School is closed at present.)
"Oak Bay.—Inspected September 24th, 1903, and January 19th, 1904. The work
being done in this school is satisfactory; order and discipline are excellent; general tone
" Otter Point.—Inspected October 20th, 1903. The work put forward at this inspection
was satisfactory.    The school has since closed in consequence of the low attendance.
"Oyster, North.—Inspected October 22nd, 1903, and May 10th, 1904. The work put
forward by this school was of a low grade. A change of teachers during the year injured the
" Parksville.—Inspected September 9th, 1903, and May 9th, 1904. Good work is
being done. The classification and grading are in line with the course of study; school in
good standing.
"Pender Island.—Inspected August 26th, 1903, and May 17th, 1904. Classification
and grading in accordance with the course of study; order and discipline good ; pupils
industrious and attentive.    A model school.
"Prospect.—Inspected November 23rd, 1903, and March 17th, 1904. An improvement
during this year.    Order and discipline good ; proficiency being made ; tone good.
"Puntledge.—Inspected September 17th, 1903, and April 13th, 1904. The order and
discipline are good; satisfactory progress has been made during the term just past, and a
healthy tone runs through the school.
" Quamichan.—Inspected September 29th, 1903, and January 28th, 1904. Irregular
attendance and a change of teachers has injured the standing of this school. The work is in
a backward condition.
"Saanich, North.—Inspected August 18th, 1903, and January 11th, 1904. Work not
carefully executed, and in consequence backward. Course of study should be followed more
"Saanich, West.—Inspected November 10th, 1903, and January 13th, 1904. "Very
poor progress has been made during the past year. Teacher and pupils seem careless,
apparently wanting in energy.
"Saanich, South.—Inspected August 19th, 1903, and January 13th, 1904. Classification and grading in accordance with course of study; work in all grades satisfactory.
"Sahtiam.—Inspected September 30th, 1903, and February 3rd, 1904. The order and
discipline are good, and the work is executed in proper form. Satisfactory progress has been
made during the past year.
"Shawnigan.—Inspected October 1st, 1903, and January 26th, 1904. Classification
and grading in line with the course of study. Present standing good. Progress has been
satisfactory during the past year.
"Sidney.—Inspected August 18th, 1903, and January 11th, 1904. Classification and
grading good. The work has been satisfactory during the past year. A healthy tone runs
through the school.
"Sooke.—Inspected October 21st, 1903, and April 28th, 1904. Excellent work has
been done during the year.    A healthy tone runs through the school.
"Sooke, East.—Inspected October 21st, 1903, and April 28th, 1904. The three grades
are represented.    The work in each grade is progressing in a satisfactory manner.
"Somenos.—Inspected September 29th, 1903, and February 4th, 1904. Classification
and grading in accordance with course of study; general progress fair.
"Southpield.—Inspected November 4th, 1903, and March 22nd, 1904. Course of study
strictly followed; general progress satisfactory.
"Strawberry Vale.—Inspected November 12th, 1903, and March 17th, 1904. Course
of study carefully followed; progress made during the year satisfactory.
"Union Bay. - Inspected September 22nd, 1903, and April 21st, 1904. Classification
and grading in line with the course of study ; general progress during the year satisfactory, 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 29
"Vesuvius.—Inspected August 28th, 1903, and February 19th, 1904. Progress during
the year fair only ; order and discipline weak.
"Vesuvius, North.—Inspected February 18th, 1904. Classification and grading in
line with course of study.    General progress satisfactory.    School closed for a part of year.
" Graded Schools.
"Alexandria (two divisions).—Inspected October 30th, 1903, and March 25th, 1904.
The progress in first division during the year has been satisfactory; in second division the
order and discipline excellent; a bright class ; progress satisfactory.
" Cedar Hill (two divisions).—Inspected September 12th, 1903, and January 21st, 1904.
In first division faithful work has been done during the year ; results good. In second division the order is poor ; however, progress has been made, and in some instances the work is
" Duncan (two divisions).—In first division the work of the year has been satisfactory.
In second division order and discipline excellent.    The work of the year also satisfactory.
" Esquimalt (three divisions).—Inspected September 13th, 1903. In first division order
and discipline excellent and work satisfactory. In second division good work is being done.
In third division the work is satisfactory.    The manual work in this school is commendable.
"Extension (three divisions).—Inspected October 29th, 1903, and March 24th, 1904.
The work in this school has not been satisfactory during the year, owing, in part, to the closing
of one room at the end of the first term. This, to some extent, interfered with the classification and grading, and the order in first division during the last term was not good.
" Ladysmith (eight divisions).—Inspected October 9th, 1903, and February 9th, 1904.
Time and subjects properly divided. The work put forward by first division, satisfactory ;
order and discipline excellent. In the second division excellent work has been done during
the last term. In third division the work has been satisfactory. In fourth division general
progress satisfactory. In fifth division the work has improved during the last term. In sixth
division the work has greatly improved. In seventh division the order and discipline are good
and the work is progressing in a satisfactory manner. In the eighth division the work is
satisfactory.    On the whole the work of the school during the year has been well done.
" Northpield (two divisions).—Inspected September 11th, 1903, and May 12th, 1904.
In first division order and discipline good ;' work progressing favourably. In second division
order and discipline good and all work satisfactory. The year's work has been productive of
good results.
" Tolmie (three divisions).—Inspected August 21st, 1903, and January 12th, 1904. The
work in first division has improved during the past term and is now satisfactory. In second
division order and discipline excellent; all work neatly and accurately executed ; general progress good. In this large class (third division) good work has been done during the year. On
the whole, the school is in better standing than heretofore.
"Wellington (three divisions).—Inspected September 11th, 1903, and May 12th, 1904.
The work in first division has not progressed in a satisfactory manner during this year ; a want
of thoroughness noticed. The second division has made satisfactory progress. An improvement in the work in the third division has been effected; the pupils are industrious and more
obedient than formerly.
" City Schools.
"Cumberland (five divisions).—Inspected September 18th, 1903, and April 18th, 1904.
Time and subjects properly arranged. The work in first division satisfactory. The second
division has suffered through a change of teachers. The third division is in excellent standing ; the work is progressing in a satisfactory manner. Division four is also in good standing
and good work is being done. The fifth division is progressing in a satisfactory manner. On
the whole, the Cumberland school has prospered during the year.
"Nanaimo Central (ten divisions).—Inspected November 5th and 6th, 1903, and visited
in June, 1904. Time and subjects properly distributed. The first division maintains its high
standing. The second division is, at the end of the term, in excellent condition. In the third
division careful work during the term has produced excellent results. The work of fourth
division has been satisfactory. The work in the fifth division is not of a high grade. Good
work has been done in sixth division during the year.    The progress in the seventh division A 30 Public Schools Report. 1904
is satisfactory. In the eighth division, accuracy and neatness are noticeable. Ninth division,
order and discipline good ; results satisfactory. Tenth division carefully conducted; results
satisfactory.    On the whole, the work in this school during the year has been satisfactory.
" Nanaimo, Middle Ward (four divisions).—Inspected November 3rd and 4th, 1903.
While the work in the different classes is in many respects pleasing, yet there is ample room
for improvement, and means should be devised which would enable the principal of Central
School to visit these classes more frequently than has been done in the past, in order that
better order might be maintained and the course of study more closely followed.
"Nanaimo, North Ward (one division).—Inspected November 2nd, 1903.—Order and
discipline good ; all work neatly and carefully executed; results, satisfactory.
"Nanaimo, South Ward (two divisions).—Inspected November 5th, 1903. The work
in both divisions satisfactory ; order and discipline good and a healthy tone runs through both
" High Schools.
"Cumberland High School (one division).—Inspected September 18th, 1903, and visited
April 18th, 1904. The work put forward was in all respects satisfactory. The interest and
industry of the pupils, in the work before them, were pleasing. An excellent tone is noticeable.    The result of the Departmental Examination in June, 1904, was satisfactory.
" Nanaimo High School (two divisions).—Inspected April 19th, 1904.—The work of
this school has been acceptable during the past year. The principal was afflicted with a serious
illness, which confined him to his home for some months, in consequence of which his class
"Office of the Inspector of Schools,
"Vancouver, B. C, August 1, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
"Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C.
" Sir,—I herewith beg leave to submit a report on the condition of the public schools in
Inspectorate No. 2 for the year ending June 30th, 1904.
" During the past year there were in operation in this Inspectorate—
City Schools,      graded,    4 ; teachers 23.
Rural    „ M       10 „        22.
ii        n       ungraded, 85 m       85.
" Two of the ungraded rural schools were vacant at the time of my visit for want of
teachers, while two others were found closed for lack of attendance.
"Of the 130 school-rooms in operation during the year, all were inspected once, and as
many as possible twice, while a few were visited even three times. While there is a number
of schools to which one visit a year would be sufficient, there is at the same time a considerable portion of them which, in order to secure the best results, should be thoroughly inspected
at least twice a year. To accomplish this would not be an impossibility, even with the 130
divisions, were it not that the dozen or more schools extending along the coast from Howe
Sound to Port Simpson (owing to lack of daily transportation) make it impossible to overtake
more than two schools a week, thus consuming an amount of time out of all proportion to the
quantity of work done.
"As I hinted in my last report, one of the great drawbacks to efficient and successful
work in many of the rural schools is the needless irregularity of many of the pupils. For this
the parents are oftentimes responsible. In some of our most prosperous communities it is
frequently found that parents keep their children at home on the faintest pretext of work to
be done on the farm, and at the same time expect them to make the same rate of progress as
pupils who attend regularly, and find fault with the teachers when their children fail to make
the advance and progress which they unreasonably expect. And it must be remembered that
the irregular pupils are not only injuring their own prospects of progress and advancement in 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 31
their school studies, but they are, by their irregularity and occasional appearance in the
classes, also impeding the progress of those pupils who are making an honest effort to attend
school every day.
" The acquiring of an education and a training is a logical process which should at least
possess the element of continuity. If there are breaks in the child's attendance, there will be
fatal gaps in his training arising from lessons missed during the pupil's absence. On the
child's return to school he is unable, therefore, to take up the work intelligently with his classmates who have been in constant attendance, and the irregular attendant at school must
either go on with his fellow pupils in the same class with a lessening appreciation and grasp
of the subjects, or, on the other hand, the class must be kept back while the missing links of
knowledge are supplied and taught to the delinquent pupil.
" While dealing with this matter I would like to be able to say that the teachers are
doing all in their power to secure regularity by making their work interesting to the pupils;
by so impressing their children with the importance of the school studies, not by merely telling
them of it, but by the manner in which the studies are carried on, so that only something
unavoidable would keep the pupil away from school, even for a single day; and, also, by
impressing upon the parents the necessity of regular attendance if progress is to be made, and
if the pupil is to gain right habits for future usefulness.
" After an experience of three years of the working of our system of education, especially
in the rural schools, I am convinced that, if greater regularity in attendance could be obtained,
much better results would be attained in the great majority of our schools; and I cannot
impress too strongly on teachers, trustees and parents the great necessity of working towards
its attainment.
" On the whole, the work done during the past year has been the most satisfactory since
I have had anything to do with the schools; and it is indeed a source of great gratification
and satisfaction to find that so many of the rural schools, especially, are coming up to that
standard of usefulness which goes far to justify their existence.
"I must confess that during the first two years of my work I did not meet with much
encouragement in the way of substantial progress and improved results in the schools, but the
work of the last year has been such as to make all friends of sound education look forward to
the future with hope and confidence.
" The recent examinations held in the months of May and June gave evidence of very
careful, thorough and efficient work on the part of both pupils and teachers; for not only was
there a decided improvement in the character and excellence of the work done from the point
of view of good manual work, but also from the view point of intelligence and general literary
" With sincerest thanks to all in connection with the Education Office for many kindnesses and favours extended to me during the past year,
" I have, etc.,
"A. C. Stewart,
"Inspector of Schools."
" City Schools, New Westminster.
" Westside (four divisions).—In the senior department the classes are weak in the elemen"
tary rules of arithmetic. The more advanced the work in arithmetic, the better the work
done by the classes. Very good results in composition, memorisation of literature, and also
" In the second division the teacher is painstaking, earnest and conscientious in her work,
but the results are very disappointing. The teacher herself does too much of the work and the
pupils are mere passive recipients, who, when thrown on their own resources, fail utterly, so
far as any thought is required.    They think and write in scraps and spasms.
" In the third division the writing is fairly well done on both slates and copy books, while
the drawing shows considerable improvement. The results in reading, spelling and arithmetic
were fairly good. Preparation was being made to teach clay modelling and brush-drawing in
this department.
" In the primary department the room was very tastefully adorned with pictures. The
primary work of this school is gradually improving. A 32 Public Schools Report. 1904
" The Board of Trustees of New Westminster do not appear to pay the same attention to
the sanitary arrangements and janitor work of the outlying schools as they do to the schools
in the centre of the city.
" Sapperton (three divisions).—The first division shows some improvement since last
inspection. The tone of the whole school would be improved if the general discipline were
more strictly enforced. The work in brush-drawing is just begun in the second division, and
the pupils are very enthusiastic over it. Considering irregularity of attendance, the results
are fairly good. The primary work of this school is in capable hands and is made interesting
to the children.
" In both the Boys' and Girls' Schools there is nothing calling for special mention, except
the continued improvement and the general excellence of the work done.
" Graded Schools.
" Burnaby, West (two divisions).—The primary work of this school is very efficiently
done. Sewing for all the girls of both divisions is taken by the primary teacher twice a week.
The teacher is an expert in this department, and the work done by the pupils reflects the
ability of the teacher in this line. There is in this room also a very creditable collection of
plants, flowers, leaves and insects, all mounted and classified, the work of the teacher and
children in nature study. In the principal's department the work was very disappointing.
For a number of years only one pupil from this large school has passed the entrance examination for admission to a High School.
" Chilliwack (three divisions).—This important school during the past year has not
maintained its usual record for efficient work. It is to be hoped it is an ' off year,' and that it
will soon again resume its place as one of the foremost rural schools of the Province.
" South Chilliwack (two divisions).—This school has lost ground in both departments
during the past year. It would be well in future if Trustees, in making appointments to
important positions, such as Principals of graded schools, would consult the Department of
Education as to the qualifications and fitness of applicants.
"Ladner (three divisions).—The school is improving in discipline, general tone, work and
intelligence. If the present staff is retained, excellent results may be confidently looked for
in the near future.
" Maple Ridge (two divisions).—This school is in a fairly prosperous condition. The
subject of reading is receiving more attention than formerly. The primary work is very satisfactory.
" Mission (two divisions).—The Principal of this school not only prepared an intelligent
class of pupils for High School entrance—for which a number of them were successful—but
also prepared a class for the Junior High School examination, in which one of his pupils took
a very high rank indeed, in competition with all the High School pupils of the Province. In
the primary department the attendance is very large, and at times very irregular. The work,
on the whole, is fairly well done. The teaching might be made more interesting to the
younger children; at present it is rather dull and mechanical.
" North Arm (two divisions).—The first division of this school is very unsatisfactory.
The attendance is small, the results poor, and the teaching is characterised by a nebulous
indefiniteness and lack of knowledge.    The primary work is well taken.
" Sea Island.—This school is beginning to take a good place, and if the present staff is
retained, good results may be confidently hoped for.
" Vancouver, East.—This school is gradually improving. The primary division continues
to do even better work from year to year. Nature study on the plants and insects of the
district form a special feature of school work.
"Vancouver, South.—The manual work of this school shows up well, and there is a
number of very promising pupils. In the primary department the reading is poor, while the
manual work requires more attention.    The number-work is fairly well taken.
" General Remarks on Graded Schools.
"At the recent examinations for entrance to a High School, held during the months of
May and June, 1904, all the graded schools of this Inspectorate were represented, with the
single exception of West Burnaby, and all of them more or less successful, except the North
Arm and South Chilliwack Schools. With regard to the latter school, however, it is only fair
to admit that the last occasion is the only time during recent years when it has been unsuccessful. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A"33
" While it is true that even the graded schools do not exist solely for the purpose of
preparing pupils for entrance to a High School, yet the bare fact that pupils do pass this
examination is a criterion that the course of study in the common schools has been successfully
taught by the teacher and mastered by the pupils. I think it is not too much to say that it
should be the aim and object of teachers, parents and trustees to have all pupils, before leaving
school, master the whole course of study and pass this test, as a guarantee that the work of
the common school has been accomplished; thus ensuring an educated people and enlightened
citizenship—the end sought to be attained by our educational system.
" Common Schools.
"Abbotsford.—Inspected February 9th, 1904; present, 13 pupils. This school has
made good progress during the past year.
"Aberdeen.—Inspected April 19th, 1904; present, 19 pupils. The teacher, though
young and inexperienced, is earnest, enthusiastic and willing to learn. The school maintains
a good place.
"Agassiz.—Inspected October 21st, 1903; present, 14 pupils. With the exception of
two pupils in the senior grade, the school may be said to be making fairly good progress.
Inspected May 13th, 1904. This school is increasing in attendance, and is now showing very
good results.
"Aldergrove.—Inspected April 22nd, 1904; present, 11 pupils. This school is struggling to keep up an attendance. It is in the meantime maintaining the rank it has won in
the past few years.
"Aldergrove, South.—Inspected April 21st, 1904; present, 9 pupils. The reading is
much improved, as are also the writing, drawing and general manual work, but the pupils are
weak in the thought subjects. The knowledge and information imparted and acquired in the
course of the oral work in history and geography are not well organised. It lacks logical
sequence.    The work, on the whole, is vastly improved.
"Anniedale.—Inspected April 28th, 1904; present, 13 pupils. This school is not up to
its former high standard. The falling off is doubtless due to the school being closed on account
of sickness, and also to a changing population. The teacher is as earnest, enthusiastic and
capable as ever.
"Atchelitz.—Inspected September 30th, 1903; present, 16 pupils. This school shows
little or no progress during the past year.
"Barnston Island.—Inspected May 9th, 1904; enrolled, 16 pupils; present, 11. This
is an assisted school established during the latter portion of the last school-year. The school
is much appreciated by the people, and the children are making very satisfactory progress.
"Belmont.—Inspected April 27th, 1904; present, 23 pupils. This is one of the best
rural schools in the Inspectorate.
"Boundary Bay.—Inspected November 27th, 1903; present, 17 pupils. The senior
pupils are very irregular in their attendance.    The primary work is fairly satisfactory.
"Bowen Island.—Inspected March 28th, 1904; present, 15 pupils. The teacher is
young, inexperienced and untrained, but is doing her best. The school is weak in spelling and
"Burnaby.—Inspected November 19th, 1903; present, 15 pupils. There were no pupils
in the senior grade. A few of the girls write well; one girl in the school reads fairly well;
the drawing is fairly well executed.    There is, however, little understanding or intelligence.
"Brownsville.—Inspected February 18th, 1904; present, 14 pupils. The teacher is
young and inexperienced, but thoughtful and resourceful. The subjects are fairly well taught.
The teacher attempts to do too much.
"Burton.—Inspected February 11th, 1904; present, 11 pupils. The work is very
thoroughly done.
"Camp Slough.—Inspected October 12th, 1903; present, 18 pupils. Junior classes now
receiving more attention than formerly. Good results may confidently be looked for from the
work of the present teacher.
"Cortes Island.—Visited May 10th, 1903 ; school vacant, since closed.
" Cheam.—Inspected October 16th, 1903 ; present, 18 pupils. The primary work in this
school is well taught.
"Chilliwack, East.—Inspected September 24th, 1903; present, 32. The discipline is
steadily improving. This school is gradually working up to a pretty fair standard. The teacher
is arousing an interest in education among parents who were formerly apathetic in the matter. A 34 Public Schools Report. 1904
"Clayton.—Inspected May 5th, 1904; present, 20 pupils. The teacher takes a comprehensive view of her duties and responsibilities. What strikes one here is the fine tone,
spirit and good manners of the pupils. The teacher and children are cultivating a flower
garden on the school grounds.
"Cultus Lake.—Inspected October 14th, 1903; present, 10 pupils. The penmanship
is good. The classes are not advanced, but the work is thorough as far as the children have
gone in their studies. This assisted school shows very satisfactory results since it was established.
" Cloverdale.—Inspected November 23rd, 1903; present, 21. The present teacher is
working along the right lines. The results are fairly satisfactory. Inspected June 1st, 1904;
present, 27 pupils.    This school is rapidly increasing in numbers.
"Crescent Island.—Inspected November 26th, 1903; present, 19 pupils. Lessons not
understood ; pronunciation defective; reading lacking in expression and intelligence ; pupils
inaccurate in their knowledge of tables, and both slow and inaccurate in the work of the four
simple rules. This school has had three different teachers during the half-year ending June
30th, 1904.
"Delta.—Inspected September 21st, 1903; present, 34 pupils. Senior classes doing
fairly intelligent work, except in arithmetic.
" Douglas.—Inspected April 21st, 1904 ; present, 13 pupils. This school maintains a
fairly high standard. The work is neatly done, and the children are thoughtful and interested
in their work.
"Dunach.—Inspected April 20th, 1904; present, 11 pupils. The work of this school
has greatly improved in the last year.    The school now stands pretty well.
"Dunach, South.—Inspected April 20th, 1904; present, 16 pupils. If some of the
parents interfered less, and co-operated and sympathised more with the teacher in her work,
this school would show better progress than it does at present. There is an improvement in
the writing and language work.
" Eburne.—Inspected May 6th, 1904; present, 34 pupils. Results on the whole very
"English.—Inspected November 11th, 1903; present, 28 pupils. Senior classes weak
in all the subjects ; not one pupil could work a simple problem in subtraction. Inspected
May 27th, 1904. The school has made some progress during the past six months, and it is
now in a fair way to do intelligent work.
"Fairfield.—Inspected September 30th, 1903; present, 11 pupils. This school has
made good progress during the past year.
"Ferndale.—Inspected February 24th, 1904; present, 15 pupils. The work is fairly
well done, and the children are intelligent and interesting.
" Glenvalley.—Inspected February 4th, 1904; present, 20 pupils. This school is in
good condition. The language subjects especially are well taught, and the pupils are
developing a literary power which will be valuable to them in after life.
"Glenwood.—Inspected April 25th, 1904; present, 10 pupils. This school is scarcely
maintaining its former rank.
"Gulfside.—Inspected November 25th, 1903; present, 21 pupils. Arithmetic is well
taught. More attention might with advantage be given to language, composition and literature.
"Hall's Prairie.—Inspected May 4th, 1904; present, 16 pupils. The pupils in the
senior grade, different from former occasions, were able to think more clearly and to some
purpose. Reading and language work were both poor in the lower grades. A few pupils in
the higher grades do fairly intelligent work.
"Hammond.—Inspected December 7th, 1903, and May 26th, 1904; average attendance,
14 pupils. This school has made very little progress during the past two years. If the
present teacher is given a chance, some change for the better may be confidently hoped for.
"Haney.—Inspected February 2nd, 1904; present, 20 pupils. With more attention
given to language and composition and the development of power in both oral and written
expression, the pupils of this school might be said to be well taught.
"Haney, East.—Inspected February 1st, 1904; present, 21 pupils. Considering that
a large number of the children are of foreign birth, their progress in our language is very
marked indeed.
"Harrison River.—Inspected October 14th, 1903; present, 29 pupils. The school is
making fairly satisfactory progress. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 35
"Harrison Hot Springs.—Inspected October 21st, 1903, and May 13th, 1904. Present
on first occasion, 14 ; on the latter, 8 pupils. If the people concerned do not take more
interest in the education of their children than they have done in the past, their school is in
a fair way to be closed out.    This school has been very unsatisfactory for some years.
"Hatzic Lake.—Inspected February 10th, 1904; present, 11 pupils. The attendance
of the senior pupils is very irregular, and their progress correspondingly slow. The regular
pupils show fairly good work.
"Hatzic Prairie.—Inspected October 9th, 1903; present, 17 pupils. The pupils are
not provided with drawing and copy-books. Considering the many disabilities under which
teachers labour, their work on the whole is fairly satisfactory.
" Huntingdon.—Inspected February 25th, 1904 ; present, 14 pupils. The senior pupils
are very irregular in their attendance, and consequently very backward in their studies.
Judging by their attainments, most of the pupils in the senior grade should be in the intermediate. A few pupils who attend regularly are beginning to show some advance over that
of former years.
"Jubilee.—Inspected May 11th, 1904; present, 9 pupils. Owing to some small dis"
agreement one large family is kept at home. The older pupils attend very irregularly. The
school shows some improvement since last inspection.
" Junction.—Inspected November 10th, 1903 ; present, 35 pupils. The attendance in
this school is growing very rapidly.    The school is now in a fair way to do good work.
"Kensington.—Inspected May 2nd, 1904; present, 15 pupils. This school had shown
little or no progress during the previous two years. For the past year, however, there has
been a little improvement, and now the children are in a position to advance. There is one
boy in the senior grade who is doing very good work.
"Kensington, East.—Inspected May 4th, 1904; present, 12 pupils. There is a general
lack of thoroughness in the work of this school.
"Langley.—Inspected May 10th, 1904; present, 23 pupils. Two pupils from this school
passed the entrance examination for admission to the High School, in December, 1903. The
school, on the whole, is in fairly good condition.
"Langley, East.—Inspected May 10th, 1904 ; present, 15 pupils. This school is maintaining a fairly good place among the successful rural schools. The present teacher is doing
good, intelligent work.
" Langley Prairie.—Inspected April 27th, 1904 ; present, 15 pupils. No pupils present
in the senior grade.    The work in this school has vastly improved since the last inspection.
"Lillooet, South.—Inspected May 25th, 1904; present, 19 pupils. This school is
making satisfactory progress.
" Lochiel.—Inspected April 25th, 1904; present, 14 pupils. The pupils of the senior
grade are very irregular in their attendance. There is a decided improvement in the work of
the school.    This is especially noticeable in the lower grades.
" Lotbiniere.—Inspected June 30th, 1904 ; present, 13 pupils. Building lately erected
and recently occupied, well kept, neat and clean. The work in the senior classes is very weak
indeed.    The pupils do not think.    The primary work is better done.
"Lulu.—Inspected May 6th, 1904; present, 23 pupils. There are some very bright,
clever children in this school; the results, on the whole, are fairly satisfactory.
"Lund.—Inspected September 17th, 1903, and April loth, 1904. This school suffers
from too frequent changes of teachers. Between the two inspections the attendance has risen
from 7 to 26. The present teacher is doing fairly successful work. The classes are weak in
"Lynn Valley.—Inspected June 16th, 1904; enrolled, 18 pupils; present, 16. This is
an assisted school, recently established, and in operation less than one month.
" Matsqui.—Inspected February 8th, and May 10th, 1904. Present on first occasion, 7 ;
on the latter, 32 pupils. The enrolment in this school is 55 children. For such a large school
and with as many classes, the work is remarkably well done. The teacher makes all his teaching time count for something. Every time a class is called up, there is something definite
taught, learned and mastered.
" Majuba Hill.—School closed.
" Mt. Lehman.—Inspected May 11th, 1904; present, 19 pupils. Considerable improvement in expression in reading, also in writing, drawing and the general manual work. The
school is in a fair way to do successful and intelligent work. There has been very little done
in the memorisation of literature. " Moodyville.—Inspected November 20th, 1903; present, 15 pupils. A shifting population ; pupils very irregular. The few who have attended regularly have made fairly good
progress.    The children in the lower grades are weak in the language work.
"Morris Valley.—Inspected October 20th, 1903; enrolled, 10; present, 7 pupils. This
school has made very satisfactory progress, but owing to lack of pupils it had to be temporarily closed.
"Mud Bay.—Inspected May 3rd, 1904; enrolled, 39; present, 17 pupils. The senior
pupils are kept at home whenever there is any work to do. For this there is little or no excuse,
as this is a prosperous and wealthy community, and yet there has not been a pupil prepared
for High School here for a number of years. There is evidence of a lack of interest on the
part of the parents.
"Nicomen Island.—Inspected October 22nd, 1903; enrolled, 15; present, 5 pupils.
There are no pupils advanced as far as the senior grade. The one pupil present belonging to
the third class displayed some intelligence in his work. Lessons are simply heard, not taught.
The children are very irregular; punctuality is unknown; the pupils come and go at all hours.
"Nicomen, North.—Inspected October 22nd, 1903; present, 10 pupils. For the past
few years this school has suffered from too frequent changes of teachers. If the present
teacher remains, satisfactory progress may reasonably be expected.
"Otter.—Inspected April 22nd, 1904; present, 20 pupils. This school is making good
progress at the present time. The people are working in harmony and taking an intelligent,
kindly interest both in the teacher and the work of the school. The present teacher has
already accomplished a good work,
"Port Kells.—Inspected April 28th, 1904; present, 8 pupils. The previous teacher,
who has been obliged to give up work temporarily on account of ill-health, did good work in
this school, and the result of her labours is plainly evident. The present teacher is young,
inexperienced and untrained.
"Port Moody.—Inspected November 9th, 1903; present, 31 pupils. This school is in
good standing.
"Prairie.—Inspected April 26th, 1904; present, 19 pupils. During the past year there
has been some improvement in the general manual work and in reading; but still the children
seemed to be almost incapable of any thought.
" Rosedale.—Inspected October 12th, 1903; present, 31 pupils. Only three out of the
forty-three children enrolled have advanced to the senior grade. Many of the children are
kept at home for lack of school accommodation. Very fair results in the junior and intermediate grades; very poor in senior grade.    Discipline and management weak.
"Silverdale.—Inspected February 24th, 1904; present, 16 pupils. During the first
term of the school-year this school lost much in character, discipline and instruction, but it is
now commencing to recover itself.    It has a number of very thoughtful pupils.
"Spring Brook.—Inspected April 26th, 1904; present, 11 pupils. The general manual
work and drawing are fairly well executed, as is also the oral work in history and geography.
There is not, however, sufficient actual teaching in order to develop the power of thought;
the pupils will not speak up.
" Squamish.—Inspected November 4th, 1903; present, 15 pupils. This school shows a
gradual improvement in all the subjects of study during the past year.
"Stave River.—Inspected February 5th, 1904; present, 12 pupils. The pupils leave
school very early; the population frequently changes, and there is a new class of pupils nearly
every year. The teacher, however, has done good work, considering conditions and circumstances.
" Steveston.—Inspected November 11th, 1903; present, 36 pupils. Little or no attention has been paid to the oral work in history or geography; classes very weak in all, the
"Inspected May 27th, 1904. There has been a little improvement in arithmetic, but the
school is still very backward in all the subjects.
" Sumas.—Inspected September 29th, 1903 ; present, 14 pupils. This school shows some
improvement during the past year.
"Sumas, South.—Inspected September 29th, 1903 ; present, 13 pupils. The literature
is well taught. There is an entrance class of five pupils in this school, all doing good work.
There are no pupils in the junior grade. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 37
"Sumas, Upper.—Inspected February 26th, 1904; present, 11 pupils. The present
teacher is doing very good work with the pupils in the lower grades. Most of the pupils in
the senior grade attend only a few months in winter.
"Sunbury.—Inspected November 13th, 1903; present, 16 pupils. Very fair results
except in oral and written expression. More attention might profitably be given to language-
work in the lower grades and composition in the higher grades.
"Surrey Centre.—Inspected May 3rd, 1904; present, 15 pupils. There is an improvement in the reading and language-work ; arithmetic is very backward.
" Trenant.—Inspected November 24th, 1904 ; present, 21 pupils. The teaching in the
higher grades lacks definiteness. The reading is lacking in expression and intelligence. The
pupils have no conviction on any subject.    School closed December, 1903.
"Tynehead.—Inspected April 29th, 1904; present, 16 pupils. This school is doing fairly
satisfactory work.
" Van Anda.—Inspected April 14th, 1904. Enrolled, 41; present, 30 pupils. The reading is fairly expressive and all the classes do considerable supplementary reading, not only
from a set of school readers, but also from a small but well selected school library of about
thirty volumes. The subjects needing special attention are writing, spelling, drawing, and also
the oral work in history and geography.
" Valdez Island.—Vacant at time of visit.
"Vancouver, West.—Inspected November 16th, 1903; present, 16 pupils. Very good
work is being done in the higher grades, but the primary work is weak.
"Vancouver, North.—Inspected May 19th, 1904; present, 32 pupils. The reading in
this school is above the average. There is a general laxity in the conduct and management of
the school.
"Westham Island.—Inspected November 12th, 1903; present, 14 pupils. Senior classes
are a little weak in grammar and arithmetic; the other classes are well taught in all the subjects.    On the whole, the school is in fairly good condition.
" Whonnock.—Inspected February 3rd, 1904 ; present, 16 pupils. The language subjects
are fairly well taught; arithmetic is very backward."
"Nelson, B. C, September, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report for the school-year ending June
30th, 1904 :—
"General Progress.
" An examination of the details of inspection appended hereto will show the estimate
formed by me of the management and condition of each school visited during 1903-04. There
seems to be good reason for congratulation upon the growing and healthy interest in educational matters, as well as upon the improvements of the past year and the outlook for the
" School Libraries.
" For the past three years there has been, in this inspectorate, a gradual growth of sentiment favourable to the establishment of school libraries. It is estimated that during 1903-04
about $400 was expended in Kootenay for the purchase of library books. The accomplishment
of this good work must be chiefly ascribed to the efforts of the teachers themselves; 'for it is
the teacher upon whom the burden of raising a fund will usually fall. The following schools
either secured libraries last year or made additions to them :—Albert Canyon, Cranbrook,
Deadwood, Grand Forks, Nelson, Revelstoke, Rossland, Slocan City and Wardner.
" The brief catalogue of books recommended for public school libraries in British Columbia
has been of great assistance in the selection of books for the varied needs of a school. The
books are arranged under the grade for which they are considered suitable, and their nature
is indicated by placing a letter after the title. "It is much to be regretted that nothing came of the resolution unanimously passed at
the meeting of the Provincial Teachers' Institute, held at Revelstoke in 1903, asking the
Honourable the Minister of Education to secure, for a few years, at least, the application of
the " travelling library " grant to the purchase of libraries for rural schools on the duplication
plan. It was urged in support of this resolution that the claims of the rural school children
ought surely to be regarded as of more importance than those of all the adults whom these
travelling libraries can possibly reach.
" Written Examinations.
" Examinations for entrance to a High School were held during May and June of the
school-year, at the following centres :—Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Greenwood, Kaslo, New
Denver and Trout Lake. The total number of candidates presented at these centres was 79,
representing 16 schools.    Of these, 45 were successful in obtaining entrance certificates.
" The usual semi-annual examinations were held at Grand Forks, Nelson and Rossland,
the establishment of a High School at the first-named place entitling it to an examination
twice a year. Fifteen candidates from five other schools also presented themselves at these
" In all, 150 candidates wrote in this inspectorate during 1903-04, and 96 of these, or 64
per cent, were successful. If this examination is to be taken as any indication of the character
of the teaching done in the schools represented, it must be admitted that a fair measure of
success in this respect has been attained. It is a pleasure to be able to state that the record
just given is the best ever secured by this inspectorate.
" Too much emphasis cannot be given to the fact that the character of this examination,
and of all other written promotion tests, largely determines the character of school instruction,
particularly that in the grade immediately affected. If these tests are narrow and mechanical,
the instruction will be narrow and mechanical; if they test the memory chiefly, the instruction
will be memoriter and rotish. The peculiarities of the question-maker thus impress themselves upon the schools.
" Though a marked improvement has been made in the character of the examination
papers set in this Province, it still remains true that the best results of school training lie
beyond the reach of written tests. But for all this, the written examination has an important
place in education, and in competent hands can exercise a beneficial influence both on teaching
and on study.
" Provincial Teachers' Institute.
"The Provincial Teachers' Institute, held in Vancouver on April 5th, 6th and 7th, 1904,
was a well-managed and successful convention. In the matter of enrolment it exceeded all
others, having had 351 members, or 97 more than any similar gathering in the history of the
Province. It was my good fortune to be able to attend this Institute, and I was gratified to
find the schools of Nelson, Revelstoke and Rossland represented there as well.
" Section work accupied two sessions and was of an unusually interesting character. The
members on these occasions were divided into five sections, for the consideration of high,
public and manual training school topics. The only criticism of the programme offered by any
one referred to the fact that it was impossible, on account of this arrangement, to hear all the
admirable papers read and discussed at the same time.
" The exhibit of pupils' work in connection with the Institute was effectively displayed
in Lord Roberts School, and included specimens of all kinds of school-work, the largest
exhibits being made by the schools of Victoria and Vancouver. The Victoria exhibit worthily
illustrated the attempt to combine the aesthetic and the utilitarian, which is so marked a
feature in modern schools. The Normal School and manual training centres also showed fine
specimens of pupils' work. So far as this inspectorate is concerned, the occasion was chiefly
noteworthy from the fact that, for the first time, the work of Kootenay school-children was
exhibited at a teachers' convention held in a Coast city. These exhibits, though comparatively
small, contained specimens of work quite equal, and sometimes superior, to much of a similar
kind from older schools.
"The next meeting of this Institute will be held at Revelstoke in 1905.
"Teachers' Meetings.
" As far as possible, the practice of having a teachers' meeting at the close of each inspection of a graded school was continued during the past year.    Practically the same ground was 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 39
covered at these meetings as that already reported upon. The regulation calling for monthly
conferences of principals with their assistants has been pretty generally observed. There is
little doubt that much good has resulted from many of these meetings in the form of greater
interest and better understanding of the school work. A suggestive feature of the April
meeting of the Revelstoke staff was the interesting report made by two of its members of all
they saw and heard at the Provincial Teachers' Institute then recently held in Vancouver.
" I have, etc.,
"David Wilson,
" Inspector of Schools."
"City School Districts.
"Grand Forks High School.—Inspected March 22nd, 1904; 16 pupils present.
Several classes or groups; all pupils, with one exception, studying junior course; good supply
of maps, as well as of physical and chemical apparatus ; class-work going on quite satisfactorily.
This school was established in September, 1903, and at time of visit had an enrolment of 23.
At the high school examination held in July last a pupil of this school obtained a third class
certificate of qualification as a teacher.
"Grand Forks Graded School.—Inspected March 21st and 22nd, 1904; 185 pupils
present. The unfortunate closing of the school during the fall term, on account of an epidemic,
considerably retarded the progress of the pupils. Notwithstanding the loss of time just noted,
generally good standing has been attained. The first division passed nine pupils for entrance
to High School; at midsummer all who were presented (7) proved successful. Good manual
work aimed at in all classes; neatness of High School entrance papers specially commented
upon by the examiners ; marked attention to language subjects throughout school ; intermediate grade well taught; primary work maintains its former standard ; lessons carefully
illustrated and interest aroused. Both library and apparatus have received considerable
additions during the year; school grounds planted with shade trees. It is also worthy of
mention that the principal has instituted, for the summer months, the patriotic ceremony of
flag-raising as a part of the opening exercises each morning; the children are massed round
the flag-pole, and while a pupil slowly hoists the flag, all sing the national anthem.
" Greenwood.—Inspected December 9 th, 1903, and March 16th, 1904; 71 pupils present.
Fair attendance for enrolment ; both senior and intermediate pupils in first division, which on
occasion of second visit was found in charge of a different teacher; school under excellent
control; neater written exercises to be aimed at; arithmetic and language subjects to be
strengthened; general improvement may be looked for ; two High School pupils in attendance ; second division composed of second reader and junior classes ; a limited amount of
material for illustration of lessons; considerable progress in some subjects; writing fairly
neat; primary language and number to have more attention; reading of older classes expressive ; story of lesson well reproduced. Two of the class presented in June last at the Central
High School Entrance Examination were successful in obtaining certificates.
"Kaslo.—Inspected February 11th and 12th, 1904 ; 85 pupils present. Six of the nine
pupils presented at Central High School Entrance Examination, held in May last, were
successful in passing the standard. In every respect this is one of the best schools in Kootenay ; highest percentage of regular attendance (73.54) secured by any Graded School in the
Inspectorate. During the past year the sum of $60 was expended in apparatus and in books
for the library. The school has now an excellent equipment. The voluntary retirement of
Mr. A. J. Dove, M.A., from the principalship in June last is a matter of sincere regret.
Under him the school certainly reached first rank.
"Nelson High School.—Inspected March 4th, 1904 ; 33 pupils present. School under
two teachers, the principal taking English and classics, and the assistant, science and mathematics ; senior, intermediate and junior grades represented; one pupil preparing for
matriculation ; classes satisfactorily conducted. As one may very naturally conclude, a good
amount of work was covered by these classes, but the results of the departmental examination
held in July last were somewhat disappointing so far as the junior grade was concerned.
Both intermediate pupils were successful in obtaining certificates ; and the candidate for
matriculation was admitted as a student of Toronto University, at the head of the British
Columbia list.    Of the others who wrote, three obtained junior certificates.    Some of the candidates undoubtedly owe their failure to lack of diligence in study ; others to their
imprudence in attempting an examination which they could scarcely hope to pass; and others
again failed for no reason that can be assigned. Library and general equipment of school
have both been increased from time to time.
"Nelson Graded School.—Inspected February 3rd, 4th and 5th, 1904; 306 pupils
present, of whom 139 belonged to the junior, 95 to the intermediate, and 72 to the senior
grade. Good standard of excellence maintained ; two changes in staff since last visit; effort
to improve intermediate grade should be continued; manual work inferior to that of other
grades; primary classes well taught and making creditable progress ; ample material for
illustration; school library utilised to considerable extent by staff; additions to decorations
of several rooms. The enviable reputation already won by the first division for success in
preparing pupils for high school entrance has been fully maintained. But to be just, part of
the credit must be ascribed to the superior instruction given in the second division. Out of
21 pupils presented at the two examinations, 20 were successful. This is not only an excellent
pass-list, but it is one that places Nelson Graded School at the head of the larger graded
schools of the Province for percentage of successes at the entrance examinations. Special
reference was also made by the examiners to the neatness and arrangement of the answer
papers forwarded by the Nelson pupils. During November and December, 1903, the Nelson
staff and a limited number of the high school pupils were given a short course in brush-
drawing and clay-modelling by Mr. Henry Dunnell, Supervisor of Manual Training for the
Province. This branch of manual training was afterwards introduced into the school, and
was pursued with much eagerness and delight by the pupils.
"Phcenix.—Inspected March 17th, 1904; 58 pupils present. Senior and intermediate
pupils in first division; difficulty in securing home study of lessons during winter ; more
review and oral work in arithmetic needed; language subjects fair; oral geography and
history well taken; literature and drawing good ; children somewhat untidy in appearance;
second division consists of intermediate and junior pupils; teacher enthusiastic and painstaking ; work going on quite satisfactorily. It is suggested that the Board have the floors of
school-house scrubbed more frequently. During the year two pupils of this school were
successful in passing the examination for entrance to a high school.
" Revelstoke.—Inspected March 30th, 1904 ; 264 pupils present. The constant supervision by the principal, aided by the hearty support of his assistants, has re-acted most favourably upon the discipline and the progress of the whole school. First division made up of high
school and senior pupils; quiet but effective teaching ; a model room ; second, third and
seventh divisions have senior and intermediate classes ; seventh division added since last visit;
much interest displayed by teachers and creditable results secured in most subjects ; fourth,
fifth and sixth divisions devoted to junior grade work; generally well-conducted lessons ;
teachers supplied with reference books and aiming to do better work ; language and number
in fourth division commendable. Supplementary reading has been utilised to some extent in
several divisions. A good library and a small museum now form part of the equipment. The
standing of the first division may be judged from the fact that at Central Examination held
in June last, 19 of 21 pupils presented were successful in passing the standard for entrance to
a High School. It is considered quite proper to add that this is the best pass-list secured by
any school in the Province at a Central Examination held during 1903-04. The High School
pupils already referred to also justified their attendance by successfully passing the examination embraced in Part One of the McGill Matriculation requirements.
"Rossland High School.—Inspected February 17th and 18th, 1904; 21 pupils present.
School divided into three groups; the senior group consisting of those who the previous year
had passed the first departmental examination, and are now preparing for University matriculation ; the other two groups taking up junior course and combined in certain subjects for the
sake of economy of time and energy ; quiet but effective teaching. Of the four junior candidates presented at the High School Examination held in July last, three were successful in
obtaining certificates. This is a very creditable record. As far as known to me at present,
one candidate from Rossland High School passed the McGill Matriculation Examination for
"Rossland Central School.—Inspected February 15th, 16th and 18th, 1904; 298
pupils present, of whom 152 belonged to the junior, 64 to the intermediate, and 82 to the
senior grade. Three changes in the staff since last visit; general tone of school much improved;
careful supervision by principal; individual interests of pupils studied; equipment of school 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 41
increased; senior class interested in studies; written exercises neat; considerable progress
secured ; senior part of intermediate grade well taught; good oral lessons ; junior section not
in such a good condition ; teacher improving; primary classes distributed among four teachers;
pupils frequently re-classified; books on primary teaching studied ; only fair success as yet.
As the city library has been placed at the disposal of the public schools, a large number of
books suitable for senior and high school pupils has thus been added to the school library.
During the past winter the Rossland staff and a limited number of the senior pupils had the
benefit of a short course in brush-drawing and clay-modelling. It is probable that this branch
will be introduced into the city schools. At the two entrance examinations of last year, 12
pupils of this school (1 boy and 11 girls) were successful in obtaining certificates admitting
them to a high school.
"Rossland Cook Avenue School.—Inspected February 17th, 1904 ; 128 pupils present.
Three divisions in this school; all grades represented ; condition of first division much improved
since last visit; teacher much interested in work and school; change of teacher in second
division; although inexperienced the present teacher is doing passable work under circumstances ; third division shows result of good primary teaching ; pupils interested and willing
workers ; an attractive room.
" Sandon.—Inspected February 24th, 1904; 22 pupils present. Senior classes show
improvement in some respects; language and writing of school, weak; aim of certain parts of
course not fully grasped by teacher ; lessons to be made more interesting ; drawing fairly well
taught; school well supplied with apparatus.
"Slocan City.—Inspected March 1st and 2nd, 1904 ; 49 pupils present. School library
a great source of interest and profit to senior pupils; first division well conducted ; lessons
carefully prepared by teacher and attention of classes held; nature study made interesting ;
room neat and attractive; a change of teacher in second division did not result very satisfactorily ; only fair progress in some subjects secured. During the year two pupils of this
school were successful in passing the examination for entrance to a high school.
Trail.—Inspected February 19th, 1904; 75 pupils present. First division made up of
senior and intermediate pupils ; classes excel in writing and drawing; good teaching; intermediate and first reader pupils in second division; teacher painstaking ; language, writing and
drawing to be improved; primary classes in third division; teacher not long in charge; greater
variety to be introduced into daily programme; teacher without experience in primary work,
but bright and sympathetic ; pupils of this division much more tidy in appearance than at last
visit. During the year three pupils of this school were successful in passing the standard for
entrance to a high school.
" East Kootenay, North Riding.
"Field.—Inspected May 2nd, 1904; 16 pupils present. Attendance somewhat more
regular than formerly; for time at school pupils should show greater progress in some subjects;
intermediate and junior grades only; teacher now better prepared for work ; course of study
followed with some care; better results should be secured in arithmetic, drawing and primary
"Golden.—Inspected May 5th and 6th, 1904; 75 pupils present. Held High School
Entrance Examination at Golden, on May 7th, 9th and 10th; two pupils of this school were
successful in passing the required standard. Senior grade and part of intermediate grade in
first division; one high school pupil also present; tone of division much improved ; better
preparation of home lessons by pupils and more orderly movement of classes ; drawing a weak
subject; second division, as before, made up of intermediate pupils; good collection of material
for nature lessons ; books for supplementary reading; sand table for geography, interesting
oral lessons and good written reproduction of same ; neat manual work aimed at; drawing to
be improved ; third division occupies separate building and embraces pupils of junior grade;
a change of teacher since last visit; present teacher somewhat unsympathetic, but does intelligent work.
" Horse Creek (near Golden).—Inspected May 5th, 1904; 8 pupils present. All grades
represented ; pupils making fair, and even commendable, progress in most subjects of study ;
composition, writing and spelling above the average ; much attention to memorisation of
literature; pupils interested in nature study; a small collection of minerals, South Riding.
"Cranbrook.—Inspected November 27th, 1903, and June 3rd, 1904 ; 154 pupils present.
On occasion of second visit, found personnel of staff entirely changed and tone of school
greatly improved. Improvements of a material kind also form a prominent feature. Chiefly
through the energy and enthusiasm of the Principal and the Secretary of the Board, Cranbrook school now boasts an equipment in the form of library and apparatus that would do
credit to any institution of the kind. The decoration of the different rooms has not been
forgotten ; they are now attractive living-rooms for the school population. In fact, the interior
of the building has been transformed in many respects and the school is now undoubtedly
pointed to with just pride by its patrons. First division made up of two sections of senior
grade pupils; much review needed; lessons well taught; neatness of all written exercises
rigidly exacted ; drawing-books show care and attention ; brush-drawing introduced ; intermediate pupils form second division; room in charge of substitute owing to serious illness of
regular teacher; in fairly satisfactory condition ; third division, or senior section of junior
grade, making creditable progress ; nature study combined with drawing an important element
of interest; beginners make up fourth division; good primary teaching. The library, which
embraces the different departments of literature, also contains sets of books for supplementary
reading.    The latter have been used with much profit in the different classes.
"Elko.—Inspected November 3rd, 1903; 12 pupils present. Change of teacher since
last visit; condition of school improved; language more prominent; drawing introduced;
teacher supplied with a few reference books and anxious to do acceptable work.
"Fernie.—Inspected November 19th, 1903, and May 31st, 1904; 182 pupils present.
At central examination held during the past year the three pupils presented by this school
were successful in passing the test for entrance to a High School. First division, composed
of senior classes only, careful and thorough teaching of various subjects; good manual work
aimed at; nature lessons made interesting and instructive ; intermediate pupils in second
division; condition hardly satisfactory, although teacher has made considerable effort to
improve; third division consists of junior classes; tardiness complained of; discipline somewhat
weak ; better manual work to be secured ; fairly satisfactory ; fifth division made up of junior
pupils; at second visit found children much neater in appearance; fair progress in reading,
writing and number ; sixth division opened in March last; also composed of junior classes ;
school-books destroyed in recent fire and not replaced at time of visit; acceptable work,
under the circumstances.
" Coal Creek (included in Fernie District). -Inspected November 20th, 1903; 40 pupils
present. School-room untidy ; pupils under poor control; teacher therefore unable to secure
proper attention ; under less unfavourable conditions the young lady could undoubtedly have
made a better record. As the town of Fernie has recently secured incorporation, it would be
advisable to erect Coal Creek into a separate school district. The school-house at Coal Creek
is about five miles from the town of Fernie.
"Fort Steele.—Inspected November 25th and 26th, 1903; 30 pupils present. All
grades represented in first division; fair results in some subjects ; apparent difficulty in securing text and drawing-books ; oral lessons in arithmetic and history needed ; attendance at
second division small; reading better than number work ; some attempt to add element of
interest to various lessons. In consequence of the reduced attendance at this school, it was
shortly afterwards placed in charge of one teacher. The pupils present on occasion of visit
just described represented pretty accurately the number of available pupils of school age in
Fort Steele District. And it may be added that in November last the register of the second
division contained, among all those enrolled, but 12 names of children available for school
purposes and entitled on account of age to attend a public school.
" Michel.—Inspected November 23rd, 1903 ; 34 pupils present. Attendance said to be
irregular on account of crowded condition of school; some time will be required to bring classes
up to a fair standard of proficiency; course of study to be followed ; teacher working faithfully under circumstances, but should endeavour to secure more thorough control of school.
This camp is already in need of additional school accommodation.
" Morrissey.—Inspected November 24th, 1903 ; 22 pupils present. School held in temporary quarters ; school-house soon to be erected ; difficult conditions under which to secure
desirable results ; classes in all grades; fair work in some subjects. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 43
" Moyie.—Inspected December 1st, 1903; 38 pupils present. Deportment of pupils
excellent; first division in good condition ; lessons carefully taught; writing very neat, but
drawing needs more attention ; advanced class soon ready for High School entrance examination ; second division made up of junior grade pupils ; hardly enough variety to make lessons
interesting ; fair progress secured ; writing generally neat. The attendance at this school has
since materially increased.
" Tobacco Plains.—Visited November 28th, 1903 ; school not in operation.
"West Kootenay, Nelson Riding.
" Creston.—Inspected June 6th, 1904 ; 20 pupils present. Much tardiness ; poor average attendance for enrolment (41); senior pupils show fair progress; junior and intermediate
classes indifferently taught; writing has somewhat improved; course of study followed only in
part. At midsummer examination a pupil of this school succeeded in passing the standard for
entrance to a High School.
" Duhamel.—Inspected April 22nd, 1904; 16 pupils present. All grades represented;
oral part of course largely omitted ; insufficient teaching of lessons ; composition and writing
generally passable ; primary classes should be farther advanced for time at school; but little
time devoted to drawing and nature lessons.
" Salmo.—Inspected December 11th, 1903; 19 pupils present. School-house just
eompleted; specifications do not appear to have been complied with in all details. Fair
progress made by senior class; insufficient teaching done; primary work only fair; drawing
poor; books to be kept clean; writing generally neat and even good. At midsummer
examination, two pupils of this school passed the required standard for entrance to a high
"Winlaw.—Inspected February 1st, 1904; 13 pupils present. School but short time
in operation ; all pupils in junior grade ; suitable groups for reading and number work; senior
group to have second primer at once ; good beginning made; additional material for illustration to be secured ; further practice in reading and writing to be given daily; teacher to
make special study of primary work ; school records very neatly kept.
"Ymir.—Inspected February 2nd, 1904; 42 pupils present; 48 pupils enrolled. School
generally well conducted ; considerable improvement in some respects since last visit; more
time should be devoted to drawing and writing ; primary classes still somewhat backward.
An excellent record in high school entrance work was made by this school at the midsummer
examination held in Nelson.
" West Kootenay, Revelstoke Riding.
"Albert Canyon.—Inspected April 22nd, 1904; 7 pupils present. Considerable
improvement in character of teaching; no advanced class ; language, writing and spelling
generally good; supplementary reading introduced and enjoyed by pupils; first primer class
somewhat backward ; drawing improved. Through the efforts of the teacher the school has
been provided with a small but useful library.
"Arrowhead.—Inspected April 27th, 1904; 19 pupils present. Irregular attendance
complained of ; several changes of teacher since last visit; general condition of school has not
improved; work unsatisfactory; lessons to be more carefully taught; all grades present.
Owing to the erection of two large saw-mills at Arrowhead, the school will have considerable
growth during the present year.
" Camborne.—Inspected April 28th, 1904 ; 14 pupils present. School in operation since
last autumn ; a new teacher had just taken charge at time of visit; apparently little effort
made by predecessor to follow course of study with even ordinary care; pupils backward in
many subjects; much work required to bring school into fair condition; improvement
confidently looked for.
"Comaplix.—Inspected April 29th, 1904 ; 7 pupils present; 18 pupils enrolled. Several
families have removed from district; intermediate and junior classes ; pupils backward in
some respects; teacher inexperienced; texts to be secured and careful study of lessons made.
"Ferguson.—Inspected May 17th, 1904; 10 pupils present. Constant change of pupils
and irregularity of attendance complained of ; standing of classes fair ; oral history omitted ;
arithmetic a strong subject; writing and composition still in need of improvement; nature
study pursued with much interest and profit.     Two pupils of this school were presented at A 44 Public Schools Report. 1904
central examination, held at Trout Lake in May last, and proved successful in obtaining the
percentage required for admission to a high school. This is a creditable record for a small
" Illecillewaet.—Inspected April 30th, 1904; 8 pupils present. Primary classes
making excellent progress for time at school; some creditable work shown by other classes ;
one senior pupil; fair results in drawing ; the beginning of a -school library secured.
" Nakusp.—Inspected March 29th, 1904; 26 pupils present. School-room made attractive ; material for illustration of lessons ; one high school pupil in attendauce ; work going on
quite satisfactorily, but more oral lessons needed, particularly in arithmetic ; manual work
still in need of improvemect; primary classes making good progress in reading. At central
examination, held in May last, a pupil of this school was successful in passing the standard
for entrance to a high school.
"Thomson's Landing (Beaton).—Inspected April 28th, 1904; 12 pupils present. Lack
of thoroughness in senior work ; frequent reviews needed ; oral history omitted ; reading,
spelling and oral geography the best subjects ; improvement in some respects since last visit.
"Trout Lake.—Inspected May 16th, 1904; 33 pupils present. Much intelligent teaching done ; lessons illustrated as far as possible; good oral lessons in history and geography ;
primary classes to receive more attention; neater manual work to be aimed at. At central
examination, held during visit, two pupils of this school succeeded in obtaining the percentage
required for admission to a high school.
" West Kootenay, Rossland Riding.
"Anaconda.—Inspected March 15th, 1904; 31 pupils present. Condition of school
greatly improved ; pupils much interested in studies and in general reading ; composition and
writing now more creditable ; drawing carefully taken up ; deportment of pupils excellent.
"Boundary Falls.—Inspected December 9th, 1903; 10 pupils present. No advanced
pupils ; fair work in reading and number ; little attention to training in language ; writing
poor; intermediate grade to have oral history and geography;  more teaching to be done.
"Cascade.—Inspected March 24th, 1904; 7 pupils present. On occasion of visit, the
enrolment for the year had reached 22, but fully 10 school children had already left the
district. Irregular attendance has no doubt interfered much with the progress of classes;
teacher inexperienced; primary and intermediate work found difficult to teach ; senior class
apparently promoted too soon ; there is a consequent lack of thoroughness; more teaching of
lessons generally needed ; improvement looked for, as teacher has high scholastic qualifications.
" Deadwood.—Inspected March 15th, 1904; 16 pupils present. An attractive schoolroom ; in some respects a model rural school; teacher enthusiastic and interested in work ;
creditable results secured especially in reading, spelling and language. Last spring a small
library and a suitable book-case were purchased from the proceeds of a school entertainment.
The books were selected from those included in catalogue issued during the year by the
Education Department of the Province.
" Eholt.—Inspected March 18th, 1904; 17 pupils present. Language subjects need
more attention ; insufficient teaching of lessons ; oral part of course weak, but showing
improvement; written work of pupils neat and often good ; drawing poor ; books to be kept
clean ; primary number good.
"Kettle River.—Inspected March 22nd, 1904; 7 pupils present; 18 pupils enrolled.
School in fair condition ; children further advanced in some subjects than age should warrant.
On account of the low average attendance maintained at this school, it was closed in May,
1904. Kettle River school was opened nearly 14 years ago, and was for some time the only
school in the Boundary. The old log building has done excellent educational service for the
"Kettle River, North.—Inspected March 23rd, 1904; 11 pupils present. Three
families represented; considerable progress since last visit; oral lessons in history and
geography to be given to intermediate grade ; language and writing generally good ; memory
work in literature to be insisted upon ; indifferent results in drawing; teacher without set of
" Midway.—Inspected March 14th, 1904 ; 26 pupils present. General character of work
satisfactory; oral part of course weak; language subjects need more attention ; several
intermediate  pupils  have  made excellent progress;   manual work improved,     At central 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 45
examination held in June last, a pupil of this school passed the standard for admission to a
high school. During the past three years, Midway has a record of four successful candidates
for high school entrance.
"West Kootenay, Slocan Riding.
"Ainsworth.—Inspected March 3rd, 1904; 11 pupils present. Senior class absent;
pupils not always supplied with seat-work; lessons apparently without aim or ineffective;
memory-work good but very little teaching done.
"New Denver.—Inspected February 26th, 1904; 41 pupils present. Fair results shown
in first divison; manual work to be improved; lessons presented with some care; room very
neat. Second division held in new building; room pleasant and attractive; considerable
success with primary classes; a good collection of material for illustration; supplementary
reading introduced ; books for reference on teacher's desk.
"Rosebery.—Inspected February 25th, 1904; 13 pupils present; 13 pupils enrolled.
Deportment of pupils excellent; school not long in operation ; need of much explanation and
careful review in some subjects; frequent practice in oral and written language to be given;
drawing books to be used; a little brush drawing taken up by former teacher.
"Silverton.—Inspected February 26th, 1904; 18 pupils present. General condition of
school much improved ; primary classes should be farther advanced ; additional reading lessons
needed; sand-board employed in teaching geography; intermediate and senior classes fairly
well taught. At central examination held in May last, four pupils of this school were successful
in passing the standard for entrance to a high school. This is the best record ever made by
Silverton School.
"Three Forks.—Inspected February 24th, 1904; 9 pupils present. Senior pupil bright
and studious; pupils backward in some subjects; prescribed oral lessons to be taken by intermediate classes ; lessons in primary work weak ; drawing has had little attention.
"Yale District.
" Anarchist Mountain.—Inspected March 10th, 1904 ; 9 pupils present. Low attendance
said to be caused by sickness and bad roads; teacher should endeavour to secure attendance
of larger pupils in district; school-room neither neat nor clean ; some improvement in standing
of classes observed, but much of former criticism still holds good ; a little drawing taken. The
teacher has provided himself with some additional reference books.
"Camp McKinney.—Inspected March 9th, 1904; 7 pupils present. Only 8 available
pupils in district; no senior class ; better progress should be secured as pupils have age in their
favour ; fair work shown, but teaching lacks life and interest.
"Rock Creek.—Inspected March 11th, 1904; 10 pupils present. Appearance of room
attractive ; collection of minerals made by teacher, and much interest aroused in nature study;
reference books in use; effort made to teach lessons; record of school for creditable results
maintained ; considerable attention given to drawing.
"Rock Mountain.—Inspected March 10th, 1904; 6 pupils present. Low attendance
caused by stormy weather and bad roads; many pupils enrolled live at considerable distance
from the school. Teacher painstaking and industrious ; senior class absent; classes still weak
in language subjects ; drawing shows creditable progress ; oral lessons in arithmetic to be given
more frequently.
"Vernon, B. C, July 7th, 1904.
" Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C:
" Sir, —I beg herewith to submit the following report on the public schools of Yale,
Lillooet and Cariboo Districts for the school-year ending June 30th, 1904 :—
" At the beginning of the year there were 72 schools in the Inspectorate, requiring 84
teachers. New schools were established at Berlin, east of Vernon, and at Hedley, in the
Similkameen Valley.   The assisted school at Black Mountain was also re-opened.    This increase A 46 Public Schools Report. 1904
was partly offset, however, by the closing of the Blue Springs School, owing to the non-attendance of pupils, and of Saint Elmo School, owing to the lack of pupils. At least two other
schools (those at Similkameen and Coldstream) should be closed now, for similar reasons.
" While the number of schools has remained practically unchanged, the school population
has materially increased. This has necessitated Canoe Creek, Keremeos and Summerland being
changed from assisted to regular school districts. There are also many isolated parts of the
country being taken up by settlers and school accommodation being asked for. In most of
these the opening of schools in the near future is rendered unwarranted, because of the absence
of roads, poor roads, the great distances separating the people, or, what is sometimes a greater
obstacle, the people's unwillingness to send their children regularly to a school built in the
centre of the settlement. Scores of boys and girls—many of them very bright—may be found
growing up without education of any kind. Their parents are, for the most part, hard-working people, doing good service for the country, but not sufficiently well off to send their children
away to school. What is to be done for these children is one of the educational questions that
needs to be answered.
" School Property.
" Considerable attention has been paid to school buildings, new ones being erected and
many old ones receiving much-needed repairs. New schools were built and well furnished at
Grand Prairie, Shuswap, Summerland and Williams Lake. A new brick high school of three
rooms—one of which has been well furnished—was also erected in Vernon. Several schools,
too, have been painted and otherwise repaired ; while others, needing attention almost or fully
as much, have been left as they were. For this difference of treatment, teacher, trustees and
people generally would do well to learn the cause. It is chiefly this : Schools receive special
attention from the Government when they receive the care they should at the hands of those
more closely connected with them. Schools neglected by those in the district cannot be expected
to have improvements made on them that will neither be appreciated or taken care of. When
one finds, for example, as I have this past year, school desks, long clamored for, left in a freight
shed or piled in confusion in a corner of a class-room for months, he is apt to think generosity
has been misplaced, and that those desks should be sent to a school where they would be used.
"For the most part, however, more interest is being manifested and greater care is being
taken to make the school and its surroundings an attractive and comfortable place. That this
may be done more successfully, I would urge that to slight repairs such as are often needed—
a lock or hinge to be mended or replaced, a pane of glass to be put in, a blind to put on its
roller, a desk cover to be fastened, &c,—trustees should attend, and the successful teacher
will see that they do attend to them. The teacher who can manage pupils but cannot exert a
salutary influence on trustees has something of importance yet to learn.
"High School Work.
" Nineteen schools in the Inspectorate sent up 93 candidates to write for entrance to a
High School.    Of this number, 56 were successful.
" It is to be regretted that some of the common schools have thought it well to take up
high school work in addition to their other studies. If this practice continues it will certainly interfere with the teaching of younger pupils in such schools, and materially hinder the
natural growth of the one High School now in the district. There is little hope of Vernon
High School soon becoming what it otherwise might—a well equipped institution—if neighbouring rural schools continue to attempt both junior and intermediate High School work.
" Teachers' Institutes.
"The first convention of the Yale-Cariboo Teachers' Institute was held in Vernon on
January 4th, 5th and 6th, 1904, and was well attended, considering the obstacles and expense
of travelling in such a vast territory. Of the 44 who were enrolled as members, few missed a
single session, or even came late. This may be partly accounted for by the fact that the programme was an interesting and helpful one. The discussions, too, on papers read, addresses
given or model lessons taught, were free and animated, but not too lengthy.
" The exhibit of manual work was rather limited, not as many schools sending in examples
of work as there might have been. There was, however, a beginning made in this direction,
and enough excellent work from a few schools to give most teachers present higher ideals to
strive after. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 47
" The following programme, interspersed with discussions, short musical selections and
recitations, occupied the five sessions :—
"Lesson on Intermediate History.—Miss M. Smith, B.A.
" Enthusiasm versus Indifference.—J. S. Gordon.
" Shakespeare.—Rev. A. N. St. John-Mildmay, M.A.
"Characteristics of Good Teaching.—Wm. Burns, B.A.
"Primary Arithmetic.—E. Stuart Wood.
"How to Teach Rock Characteristics.—Wm. Burns, B.A.
" Lesson on Primary Reading.—Miss M. C. McCain.
"Psychology of Habit.—Clarence Fulton, B.A.
"Reading.—Allan Bennett.
" In concluding this brief report on our first convention, special mention should be made
of the way in which the teaching staff and citizens of Vernon welcomed and entertained the
visiting teachers. All returned to their various districts feeling that they had spent a very
enjoyable as well as a very profitable week at the capital of the beautiful Okanagan Valley.
"The Provincial Teachers' Institute met in Vancouver on April 5th, 6th and 7th, 1904.
Owing to the great distance and the expense of travel very few from Inspectorate No. 4 were
able to attend. I, therefore, leave the fuller report on this convention to those more closely
connected with it.
"General Remarks.
" One gratifying feature to be noted in connection with the schools of this district is the
decreasing number of changes of teachers. Eighty-five per cent, of the schools made no change
during the year ; and, in most cases where changes were made, they were not due to any
friction between the teacher and the people.
" The work done in most cases, as shown by the detailed reports on the various schools
appended hereto, has been encouraging. Where poor work has been done, it can most
commonly be attributed to a lack of honest preparation on the part of the teacher, night after
night, for the work to be done each day. This is most frequently, though by no means always,
found occurring in small isolated districts. It should not be. If teachers with four or five
classes of two or three pupils each would realise that they need to study every lesson taught
them as carefully as if they were large classes, then we would find as good progress in a small
school as in a large one, the necessity of closing small schools would not be so frequent, people
generally would not think of teachers as a semi-idle class working only five hours a day, and
these teachers themselves would find the door of wider opportunity opening to let them out of
their present obscurity.
"School Libraries.
" Quite a number of schools throughout the inspectorate are beginning to make small
collections of books. I find, however, that the reading habit has scarcely begun to be formed
yet, even in these schools. Much, therefore, remains for the most of teachers, in the direction
of arousing the interest of children in good, wholesome literature.
"The list of books, suitable for public school libraries, compiled by Inspector Wilson, of
Nelson, and sent by the Department during the year to all teachers, should prove very helpful
to those interested in such matters.
"Teachers with Temporary Certificates.
" About eight per cent, of the teachers teaching in this inspectorate during the year held
temporary certificates. In almost every case they did good work, thus indicating the precaution that must have been taken in selecting them. It will be a gain to the permanent
teaching staff of the Province to have some of these added to it.
" Subjoined you will please find a synopsis of reports sent you during the year.
" I have, etc.,
" J. S. Gordon,
" Inspector of Schools." A 48 Public Schools Report. 1904
"City School Districts.
"Kamloops, Division I.—Inspected October 22nd, 1903, and February 29th, 1904;
average attendance, 34.5. The work of the year was quite satisfactory. Though manual work
was weak in February, it was better than in October, thus indicating a striving after better
"Kamloops, Division II.—Inspected October 21st, 1903, and February 29th, 1904;
average attendance, 43.5. Excellent work was done along all lines. The secret of the teacher's
success is his intense interest in his pupils. He studies to make their school-life profitable and
enjoyable, and succeeds.
"Kamloops, Division III.—Inspected October 21st, 1903, and February 26th, 1904;
average attendance, 39.5. In October a lack of application to study was too noticeable among
the larger boys and most of the pupils were careless in their manual work. In February there
was more interest displayed and more care exercised. More attention to spelling and more use
of the globe and maps in teaching history and geography are necessary.
"Kamloops, Division IV.—Inspected October 20th, 1903, and February 26th, 1904;
average attendance, 29. Work was well laid out and lessons intelligently taught. Careful
instruction was given in drawing, but too many pupils worked in advance of the teacher, with
poor results.    Writing continued weak.
"Kamloops, Division V.—Inspected September 11th, 1903, and February 26th, 1904;
average attendance, 37.5. Excellent results were obtained in reading, number work, language
work, singing and nature study. Writing was weak. The teacher has spared no pains in
making her room a miniature art gallery and museum, where the children find pleasure in study.
"Vernon, Division I.—Inspected November 20th, 1903, and March 31st, 1904 ; average
attendance, 28.5.    Very careful and thorough work continued to be done throughout the year.
"Vernon, Division II.—Inspected November 20th, 1903, and March 31st, 1904;
average attendance, 30.5. In March one could notice a marked change for the better in this
division, greater interest being manifested and closer attention being paid to work by pupils.
Drawing needed special attention.
"Vernon, Division III.—Inspected November 10th, 1903, and March 30th, 1904;
average attendance, 30. In November I found children careless, discipline unsatisfactory,
work poor, as a result of too many changes of teachers. In March a great improvement was
noticeable—more interest, good discipline, better work
"Vernon, Division IV.—Inspected, November 10th, 1903, and March 30th, 1904
average attendance, 34.5. Children well classified ; time-table well arranged ; course of study
followed. The teacher makes her room attractive by suitable wall decorations and blackboard
work. She also breaks the monotony of ordinary study by singing and calisthenics. Good
work marks the year.
"Vernon High School.—Inspected August 28th, 1903, and April 21st, 1904; average
attendance, 16.5. In a high school where junior work, matriculation work and post-matriculation work has to be taken up by a single teacher, students should do the most of their work
independently, being guided by the teacher, and helped simply over difficulties they cannot pass
unaided. More home study is needed on the part of many of the students, that lessons may
be got over with greater rapidity in the class-room.
" Cariboo District.
" Barkerville.—Inspected February 12th, 1904; pupils present, 11, out of an enrolment
of 15. There is a lack of earnestness and very little system or thoroughness in the work of the
school. Recitations are very unsatisfactory and lessons are not judiciously assigned. Pupils
pass from lesson to lesson without a fair knowledge of them. In a school so much out of touch
with the educational world, a teacher with a strong personality, energetic and enthusiastically
devoted to his work, is much needed.
"Quesnel.—Inspected February 13th, 1904; pupils present, 22, out of an enrolment of
28. In spelling and number work there is a lack of thoroughness, and the junior reading is
lacking in expression. Children do not apply themselves properly to seat-work. Their attendance, however, is good and their attitude toward the teacher satisfactory. Better results may,
therefore, be expected in future.
"Williams Lake.—Inspected February 15th, 1904; pupils present, 13, out of an enrolment of 18. Under the patient, painstaking efforts of the present teacher, marked improvement is noticeable in reading, spelling and arithmetic. In certain cases more care is needed
in manual work. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 49
"Lillooet District.
"Alkali Lake.—Inspected February 18th and 19th, 1904; pupils present, 10. For the
short time the school has been open, the children have made good progress. The present
teacher does not put the energy and thought into his work that he should.
"Chasm.—Inspected September 18th, 1903, and February 5th, 1904; average attendance,
8. In the primary grade, reading and number work were good; but manual work and senior
arithmetic were weak—pupils lacking interest.
"Clinton.—Inspected September 17th, 1903, and February 4th, 1904 ; average attendance, 26.5. All prescribed subjects are taught systematically and intelligently. Perfect
discipline, regularity, punctuality and close application to study have resulted in a good year's
"Lac La Hache.—Inspected February 8th, 1904; pupils present, 10. Writing and
drawing are well taught. Many pupils lack interest; and senior work, particularly literature
and geography, need more attention. Greater care in discriminating between the important
and the unimportant is required in teaching.
"Lac La Hache, North.—Inspected February 9th, 1904; pupils present, 10. School
just opened after a vacancy of some months. Children interested and doing well in writing,
spelling and arithmetic. There should be more drill in reading and a more systematic treatment of drawing and nature study.
"Lillooet.—Inspected September 20th, 1903, and June 10th, 1904; average attendance,
35.5. The standing and tone of this school have improved during the year. Interest has
increased and more thorough work has been done.
" Pachelqua.—Inspected June 7th, 1904; pupils present, 11. Children write neatly,
spell well and do number work with rapidity and accuracy. Their reading is poor and their
knowledge of language and literature too limited.
"Pavilion.—Inspected September 21st, 1903, and June 6th, 1904; average attendance,
9.5. The teacher has worked faithfully, taking care to be well equipped himself and to have
his pupils well equipped for work.
"Yale District.
"Armstrong.—Inspected August 26th, 1903; present, 84 pupils with two teachers.
Shortly after a third teacher was added to the staff and post-entrance work taken up.
"Armstrong, Division I.—Inspected December 7th, 1903, and April 18th, 1904;
average attendance, 24. Senior public school work and the work of the junior and intermediate High School grades are attempted. Lessons have to be gone over too hurriedly for
best results. Both pupils and teacher, however, are doing their best under these unfavourable
"Armstrong, Division II.—Inspected December 4th, 1903, and April 15th, 1904;
average attendance, 28 j year's work fair.
"Armstrong, Division III.—Inspected December 4th, 1903, and April 15th, 1904;
average attendance, 35. The excellent standing and tone of the class in December was
scarcely maintained throughout the year.
" Ashcroft, Division I.—Inspected September 15th, 1903, and February 1st, 1904;
average attendance, 18.5. Careless pupils are given too much latitude. Simultaneous answering in class serves as a cloak for the lazy. Children are not up to the required standard and
do too little thinking for themselves.
"Ashcroft, Division II.—Inspected September 15th, 1903, and February 1st, 1904;
average attendance, 27.5. In February much improvement was found in number work and
even in manual work, though in the latter and reading the children were still backward.
"Black Mountain.—Re-opened in January; inspected April 28th, 1904 ; pupils present,
10, out of 17. A little less haste would secure better results in reading, number work and
history.    In spelling good work is done.
"Blue Springs.—Inspected December 2nd, 1903; pupils present, 8, out of 13. Teacher
did good work, but owing to parents' carelessness in not sending their children, the school was
closed in December.
"Cache Creek.—Inspected September 16th, 1903, and February 2nd, 1904; average
attendance, 18.5, out of 19. An excellent year's work has been done through enthusiastic,
energetic effort.    Writing might receive more attention. A 50 Public Schools Report. 1904
"Campbell Creek.—Inspected October 27th, 1903, and March 3rd, 1904; average
attendance, 12.5. Reading and drawing are well taught; but number work and writing are
defective.    The school is kept very clean and snug.
"Campbell Creek, South.—Inspected October 26th, 1903, and March 4th, 1904;
average attendance, 12. Good results are obtained in reading, writing, spelling and drawing;
but the children are poor in number work.
"Canoe Creek.—Inspected November 2nd, 1903, and March 18th, 1904; average
attendance, 17. Junior reading and number work are well taught. Spelling, arithmetic and
geography in the higher grades require more attention.
"Coldstream.—Inspected December 1st, 1903, and May 18th, 1904; average attendance, 6.5. Very little interest is manifested in school matters by anyone. ■ In December the
children knew almost nothing about any subject. In May there were 5 present—three of
these doing practically nothing ; the other two had progressed in reading, spelling and number
work, but were backward in all other subjects.
"Commonage.—Inspected November 30th, 1903, and April 22nd, 1904; average attendance, 17. By careful, conscientious, intelligent endeavour throughout the year, good results
were obtained.
" Craigellachie.—Inspected November 5th, 1903, and March 22nd, 1904; average
attendance, 9.5. Much credit is due to children, trustees and teacher for making their school
building the snuggest of its class in the Inspectorate. The teaching done is most satisfactory
—progress along all lines.
"Dolan's Corners.— Inspected November 3rd, 1903, and March 17th, 1904; average
attendance, 10. Nearly all the children are in the junior grade. In writing and spelling,
subjects of special defect in November, their standing was quite satisfactory in March. All
work is carefully and intelligently done.
"Ducks.—Inspected August 24th, 1903, and March 9th, 1904; average attendance, 10.
Very unsatisfactory work continues to be done. More systematic work and special preparation for each day's work are essential to successful teaching.
"Enderby, Division I.—Inspected December 10th, 1903, and March 23rd, 1904; average attendance, 29. In December a great lack of thoroughness was too manifest along all
lines. This was due to a lack of energy on the part of the teacher and a lack of application
on the part of the pupils.    In March the tone of the school was much improved.
"Enderby, Division II.—Inspected December 10th, 1903, and March 23rd, 1904; average attendance, 32. More interest was manifest on the occasion of my second inspection and
better work was being done.    Number work, reading and spelling had much improved.
" Fairview.—Inspected September 1st, 1903, and May 9th, 1904; average attendance,
19.5. In drawing and number work, subjects in which the pupils were very weak in September,
progress was made during the year. Most of the intermediate and senior work continued
"Glenemma.—Inspected March 7th, 1904 ; pupils present, 9. Considerable progress has
been made in arithmetic, reading and spelling. In language work, literature, junior arithmetic
and manual work, more time should be taken and care exercised.
"Grand Prairie.—Inspected March 8th, 1904; pupils present, 11. Junior reading,
spelling and number work are well taught. More attention should be given to literature,
drawing and writing.
" Hedley.—Inspected May 5th, 1904; pupils present, 10. This is an assisted school,
recently opened. Nineteen children attended irregularly during the year. Good work was
"Hope.—Inspected October 9th, 1903, and January 19th, 1904; average attendance, 8.
The work of the first half year was very unsatisfactory.    Little progress was made.
"Hope Station.—Inspected October 9th, 1903, and January 20th, 1904; average
attendance, 14. Discipline rather poor. Younger children need to be kept more fully occupied
while in the class room, that older ones may be taught without interruption.
" Keefers.—Inspected October 6th, 1903, and January 26th, 1904; average attendance,
16.5. Good work continues to be done along almost all lines. Children work accurately and
with great rapidity—a rapidity that makes neatness difficult.    Drawing needs more care.
"Kelowna, Division I.—Inspected November 26th, 1903, and March 28th, 1904;
average attendance. 28. Children work well in school, but are weak in most subjects—too
little home study.    More earnestness is needed. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 51
"Kelowna, Division II.—Inspected November 26th, 1903, and March 28th, 1904;
average attendance, 24. Careful work was done. Defects existing in November were, for
the most part, removed before March.    Drawing continued poor.
" Keremeos.—Inspected May 6th, 1904; pupils present, 15. The school has greatly
improved under the present teacher.    All junior and intermediate work is well taught.
" Lansdowne.—Inspected December 7th, 1903, and April 20th, 1904 ; average attendance,
9.5.    Careful work was done by each of the two teachers who taught during the year.
"Lytton.—Inspected October 1st, 1903, and January 27th, 1904; average attendance,
24. The teacher has her work well laid out and follows the course of study. Manual work
is improving, though still weak.
"Lytton, North.—Inspected October 2nd, 1903, and January 28th, 1904; average
attendance, 7.5.     Satisfactory progress was made during the year.
"Mabel Lake.—Inspected April 26th, 1904; pupils present, 11. This school has been
open'only one year and a half. The progress made is highly creditable to both teacher and
" Mara.—Inspected November 6th, 1903, and March 24th, 1904 ; average attendance, 13.
Too little interest in school matters is manifested. Attendance has been irregular; progress
"Nicola.—Inspected September 25th, 1903, and May 27th, 1904; average attendance,
15.    The junior pupils are very backward in all their studies.    They need more real teaching.
"Nicola, Lower.—Inspected September 28th, 1903, and May 30th, 1904; average
attendance, 14.5. Careful work was done by each of the two teachers in charge during the
year.    Literature and number work were particularly well taught in May.
"North Bend.—Inspected October 5th, 1903, and January 25th, 1904; average attendance, 24. Excellent work continues to be done in all grades. The slow but stead}7 improvement in writing during the year shows what can be done by honest effort to remedy known
"North Thompson.—Inspected September 10th, 1903, and March 2nd, 1904; average
attendance, 11. All manual and junior work is well done. Older pupils need a little more
"North Thompson, West.—Inspected October 23rd, 1903, and March 1st, 1904;
average attendance, 13. In October all work, except reading, was well done. In March
there was a tendency to expect too much of pupils and assign them work beyond their powers
of comprehension. There was, consequently, a lack of thoroughness in intermediate and senior
"Notch Hill.—Inspected October 28th, 1903, and March 21st, 1904; average attendance, 16.5. Children have been promoted to work for which they are not prepared. In
number wcrk they are slow and inaccurate. Their reading is very poor—their spelling even
wOrse.     Manual work is carelessly done.
"Okanagan.—Inspected November 25th, 1903, and April 29th, 1904; average attendance, 24.    The work in this school is very disappointing—children deficient along all lines.
"Okanagan Falls.—Inspected November 18th, 1903, and May 10th, 1904; average
attendance, 8.5. The teacher works systematically and follows the course of study. Good
results are obtained in almost all subjects.    Reading is poor.
"Okanagan Landing.—Inspected November 11th and 19th, 1903, and March 29th,
1904; average attendance, 12:5. Teacher absent on November 11th. On November 19th
the school was found in session, but in poor condition. In March pupils showed ability in
reading, spelling and number work.    More attention should be given to literature and drawing.
"Okanagan Mission.—Inspected November 24th, 1903, and April 28th, 1904; average
attendance, 12. Under the enthusiastic and painstaking efforts of the teacher, very satisfactory progress was made in reading, writing, number work, drawing and nature study.
"Okanagan, South.—Inspected November 25th, 1903, and April 29th, 1904; average
attendance, 20.5.    Pupils are deficient in history and geography and all senior subjects.
"Okanagan, West.—Inspected November 12th, 1903, and April 30th, 1904; average
attendance, 15.5. The attendance during the year was good and progress was made", particularly in writing and spelling. Reading and number work continue defective, though better
than formerly.
"Otter Lake.—Inspected December 8th, 1903, and April 20th, 1904; average attendance, 17. Careful work is done in all grades—the children much in earnest. A clean room, a
library and artistic wall decorations indicate the progressive spirit of the school. A 52 Public Schools Report. 1904
"Peachland.—Inspected November 13th, 1903, and May 2nd, 1904; average attendance, 23.5. The standing of this school should be better, and might be made so by greater
earnestness in school work.    Spelling and writing continue poor.    Senior arithmetic is weak.
"Penticton.—Inspected September 4th and November 17th, 1903, and May 11th, 1904;
average attendance, 12.3. Some junior pupils have lost interest in work and are making poor
progress. This may be attributed to their having been sent to school when too young. Most
of those in intermediate grade have made progress. Drawing and writing need more attention.
"Princeton.—Inspected May 4th, 1904; pupils present, 8. Arithmetic, spelling and all
primary work are well taught.    Literature, reading and geography are defective.
"Round Prairie.—Inspected August 26th and December 9th, 1903, and April 19th,
1904; average attendance, 21.3. In April there was noticeable a lack of interest in the
school.    All junior and intermediate work was defective.
"Saint Elmo.—Inspected October 8th, 1903; pupils present, 5. The children have "done
very well in reading, writing, spelling and arithmetic; but there are too few of them to
warrant the keeping open of the school.
"Salmon Arm, East.—Inspected October 29th, 1903, and March 23rd, 1904; average
attendance, 23. The irregular attendance of older pupils makes good grading difficult and
their progress slow. Younger pupils, who attend regularly, are making good progress. Writing is somewhat weak.
" Salmon Arm, West.—Inspected November 2nd, 1903, and March 16th, 1904 ; average
attendance, 31.5. The teacher has worked hard and is obtaining good results, particularly in
the primary grade. The intermediate and senior pupils are weak in geography, history and
arithmetic.    Drawing and writing are carefully done.
"Savona.—Inspected September 14th, 1903, and February 25th, 1904; average attendance, 18. The work of the year has been disappointing. Those in the intermediate grade are
poor readers—do not understand what they read. In history they are weak—too much textbook. Older pupils continue weak in arithmetic and drawing. The number work is good.
More thorough and systematic work is much needed.
" Shuswap.—Inspected August 25th, 1903, and March 10th, 1904; average attendance,
23.5. The attendance is regular; the grading well done. All children are well up to the
required standard, as a result of careful, thorough work.
"Silver Creek.—Inspected November 3rd, 1903, and March 17th, 1904; average attendance, 7.5. Too great haste at the expense of thoroughness was noticeable in November ; not so
bad in March ; still most of the work was weak.
" Similkameen.—Found closed in September and not in session in May. From an examination of the register it could be seen that the history of the school for the year was unsatisfactory.    The outlook for the future is not promising.
" Spallumcheen.—Inspected August 27th and December 11th, 1903, and April 18th,
1904; average attendance, 13. Careful work continues to be done—that of junior grade is
very good ; oral work of intermediate grade not so good.
"Spence's Bridge.—Inspected September 30th, 1903, and January 29th, 1904; average
attendance, 14.5. Reading, writing and number work are not good. The teacher, however,
is making an honest effort to succeed. His teaching gives evidence of careful preparation
before coming to the class-room.
" Spuzzum.—Inspected October 5th, 1903, and January 22nd, 1904 ; average attendance,
11.5. Number work, language work and writing show progress. The more advanced work
continues poor.
" Summerland.—Inspected November 16th, 1903, and May 12th and 13th, 1904 ; average
attendance, 24.5. The school population is rapidly increasing, making grading difficult. Energetic endeavour is being made to bring all up to the required standard. Closer application to
seat work and more care in manual work are needed.
"Tappen Siding.—Inspected October 30th, 1903, and March 14th, 1904; average attendance, 13.5. All work is carefully and thoroughly done. Pupils who have attended regularly
have made good progress.
"Yale.—Inspected October, 7th, 1903, and January 21st, 1904 ; average attendance, 11.
The poor discipline and careless indifference noticeable in October was, in a large measure,
overcome by January, when better work was being done." 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 53
High School.
' Av. %.
Number present       Daily Av. %
Victoria Schools.
"Victoria, B. C, September 26th, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit my report of the Victoria City Schools for the school-
year ending June 30th, 1904.
" The total attendance in all the schools and in the High School alone, month by month,
are shown respectively in the following table :—
Common and High Schools.
Number present.       Daily Av. %
" August,     1903   ■.   2,568
September   „     ,  2,695
October »        2,705
November    »      2,644
December     ,/        2,527
January,   1904   2,756
February      »       2,745
March „     2,717
April „      2,705
May „       2,659
June „        2,589
" Below is some tabulated information in regard to the number of teachers and the attendance in each of the last three school years. Previous to 1903-4 the only special teacher
employed by the Board was the physical instructor. Last year there were, in addition, three
manual training instructors and the instructor in domestic science. The exclusion of about
100 non-resident pupils last year rather more than offset the normal annual increase in the
aggregate attendance. The general average daily per cent, shows a satisfactory improvement
in regularity and persistence of attendance. The lower percentage in the High School is not
to be interpreted as indicating less regularity, but a larger number of withdrawals during the
year.     The month by month regularity, as shown above,  was as good in the high as in the
elementary schools.
" Regular teachers in all schools          57
Special teachers in all schools      1
Total enrolment   3,193
Average daily attendance   2,379
Average daily attendance percentage             75
High School teachers  5
High School pupils enrolled  220
Average daily attendance, High School       145
Daily average per cent., High School           66
" The greater cost of tuition last year in comparison with the two previous years, as shown
in the third table, is in part accounted for by the salaries of the manual training and domestic
science teachers, the former of which were previously met by the McDonald fund, while the
latter is a new item. It is in part, however, due to the fact that under the ten-payment system
recently adopted, the year's salaries were fully paid up June 30th instead of July 31st, as in
previous years. This, of course, is not an increase for the calendar year, the amount to be
paid during the current half-year will be that much less. Allowance must be made in the
same way for the apparent increase in the cost per pupil. The increased expenditure on
account of general maintenance during the past two years indicates better care of the buildings,
improvements to the school grounds and more liberal provision as to school equipment and
61 supplies. There was no addition to the school accommodation during the year. A by-law to
provide for a new building in Victoria West and one in the central part of the city was
submitted to the ratepayers, but was defeated by a majority of 65 in a total vote of 815.
1901-2. 1902-3. 1903-4.
" Total expenditure, current account . $56,877 02 $68,552 36 $75,256 09
Cost of tuition and supervision   44,003 00 48,402 45 58,805 65
Miscellaneous expenditure   12,874 02 20,149 91 16,450 44
Cost per pupil in daily average          23 90 28 23 30 99
Average salaries of regular teachers          731 52 745 74 745 08
Average salaries of special teachers           660 00 660 00 920 00
"The average salaries of the regular teachers, as fixed for the current year, is $770, a
gratifying increase. In this connection, permit me to re-express my conviction that in the
City schools half-time attendance would materially lessen the expense, with no sacrifice of
educational results.
" In my last report, I referred to the diminishing age of High School entrance candidates
from the City schools, attributing it mainly to improvement in school organisation. The
percentage of candidates under the age of 15 has been gradually rising since the adoption of
the new course of study and pertinent regulations, which embody the heresy of substituting
individual freedom for the time-marking lockstep of the traditional grading system. My expectation of a further rise in the curve at the June, 1904, examination was more than realised.
This rise amounts to 20 per cent, in six years, as appears in the table below-. The average age
has been reduced from 15 to 14 in that time; but a reduction of still another year, by a further
elimination of time wastes, is both possible and desirable.
"In 1899, 37.9 per cent, of the candidates were under 15.
,i  1900, 41.8
„  1901, 45.4
„ 1902, 50.4
,,  1903, 50. „ ,i „
„  1904, 57.8        „ „ .  „
" I have already alluded incidentally to the fact that domestic science was introduced
into the schools last year. Through the efforts of members of the Local Council of Women, a
model kitchen was equipped at a very trifling expense to the Board, salary and the cost of
maintenance only being a charge on the school funds. This innovation in our school work
has proved a very popular one among parents and pupils alike. In the selection of Miss
McKeand as the teacher of the department, the Board was most fortunate. Ten classes of
twenty girls each, drawn from the High School and the senior divisions of the elementary
schools, receive once a week lessons in cooking throughout the year. For the present, while
there is only one teacher, the instruction in this subject will be necessarily limited to a one-
year course.
" In three of the schools, Girls' Central, North Ward and Victoria West, sewing was
taught by the regular teachers to girls of intermediate divisions. I hope that before long the
other schools will fall into line, so that all the girls passing through the schools will receive
invaluable, though elementary, training in the practical arts of sewing and cooking.
" Brush-drawing and clay-modelling were taught with excellent effect in one or more
divisions of several schools, viz. ;—Kingston Street, Spring Ridge, Hillside, North Ward and
Girls' Central. The brush work of Miss Jesse's second primer class of the Kingston Street,
and Miss Keast's and Miss Marchant's senior grade classes of the Girls' Central and North
Ward schools, respectively, was remarkably good. The value of this work in the aesthetic
and intellectual training of the pupils is not likely to be overestimated. Clay-modelling seems
to be an admirable form of manual training, especially for children of the primary grades.
Other forms of manual work were carried on by some of the primary teachers, notablv cardboard-modelling in the Kingston Street, and paper-weaving in the Victoria West School. I
hope to be able, in the near future, to report that training in some of these lines of work,
especially brush-drawing, has become more general and more systematic.
" There is much that might be appropriately said about the character of the work done
in the staple subjects of the school course, but I will content myself with a single general
remark. In the main, the Victoria Schools do not suffer by comparison with other schools of
the Province in the results of the High School entrance examinations,    This is probably not 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 55
the best criterion ; nevertheless, the papers written in this City are not lacking in evidence
that the character of the teaching is susceptible of some improvement even yet. This improvement will come with a clearer apprehension on the part of teachers that education is a habit-
forming process, and that the single child, not the class, is the educational unit.
" I have, etc.,
"F. H. Eaton,
"Superintendent Victoria City Schools."
Vancouver Schools.
"Vancouver, September 16th, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B.C.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit my first annual report on the Vancouver City
Schools, for the year ending June 30th, 1904.
"The enrolment for the month of May, which was 4,688, was the highest for any month
during the year, and exceeded the enrolment for May, 1903, by 563. The increased attendance has necessitated, in some cases, larger classes than are conducive to the best results, and
in other cases the use for school purposes of rooms more or less unsuitable. These difficulties
are being remedied by the erection of new buildings. Two new buildings are nearing completion, a High School in Fairview and a Public School in West Fairview. When these buildings are completed and the school boundaries are re-adjusted, there will be ample accommodation for the present enrolment in every part of the City but the Seymour District. The
school population in this district has increased very rapidly, and a new school is now needed
near the eastern boundary of the City.
"The school buildings and grounds have been kept in good condition. An electric motor
and fan has been installed in the Dawson School, to improve the ventilation, which was found
to be defective. Fences have been built round the grounds of the Roberts and Seymour
schools. Substantial additions to the equipment of the schools have been made by the purchase of maps, globes, drawing models, etc. There are no libraries in the public schools, but
steps are now being taken which, I hope, will result in each school having a small but well
selected library. The High School library, while not large, is well selected, and has received
valuable additions during the year.
"The teaching staff at the end of the year consisted of 10 high school teachers, 87 public
school teachers, and 3 manual training teachers. Of the high and public school teachers, 19
were holders of academic certificates, 30 of first class certificates, 45 of second class certificates,
2 of third class certificates, and one of a temporary certificate.
"The results of the year's work have been, on the whole, most satisfactory. The writing
in the intermediate and senior grades is not as good as it should be, nor has the drawing shewn
results commensurate with the time and effort expended upon it. On the other hand, the oral
reading in all grades has greatly improved, as has also the work in arithmetic. Nature study,
geography, grammar, and the other studies of the school curriculum have been carefully and
successfully taught. An important factor in the success of the year's work has been the high
standard of discipline maintained in the various schools of the City.
" Each term about 600 boys, taken from the senior and intermediate grades of the public
school, received instruction in woodwork at the three manual training centres. The advantages arising from the excellent training received in these woodwork classes is fully recognised.
In order that the girls may receive a training similar to that given the boys, the Board of
Trustees purpose, as soon as possible, introducing the teaching of domestic science.
"During the first half of the year about 400 boys of the senior and intermediate grades
received instruction in preliminary drill. On December 19th, 1903, the different companies
were inspected by Colonel Holmes, D. O. C, who complimented them on the progress they had
made. During the second half of the year the drill instructor visited regularly each room in
the public schools and established a systematic course of physical exercises. The cadet company in connection with the High School began drill in the early spring, under the instruction
of A. C. Bundy, S. M.      Rifles, bayonets, accoutrements, &c, have been received, and the A 56 Public Schools Report. 1904
company is now fully equipped. Systematic rifle shooting has been carried on during the year
by teams composed of boys from the various schools. The shooting is done in the Drill Hall
after school hours, under the supervision of the drill instructor.
" On account of the prevalence of defective eyesight, indicated by the inability of pupils
to see writing on the blackboard, and by frequent complaints of headache and dizziness, the
Trustees have adopted what is known as the card system of testing the eyes of pupils. An
examination of all pupils is made once a year by the regular teachers of the staff. Whenever
defective eyesight is found, a full record is kept in a suitable register, and a card is sent to the
parent or guardian, recommending that a physician be consulted. Full instructions are given
to the teachers to enable them to conduct the examination.
" The Board of Trustees early in the year decided to appoint a supervisor of music for the
schools.    Mr. George P. Hicks was selected, and began work September 1st of this present year.
" One hundred and ten pupils passed the entrance examination into the High School at
the Christmas and Midsummer Examinations. Of these 73 % were under 15 years of age.
This fact, together with the fact that some who passed were under 12, indicates that talented
pupils are given opportunity to cover the public school course without their progress being
retarded to any appreciable extent by pupils less gifted. I find, by examining the records of
Eastern schools, that the average age of pupils entering the High School is between 14 and 15.
In Kansas City, 53\ % of the pupils passing the High School entrance were under 15. That
so many pupils leave school before reaching the standard set for High School entrance is to be
regretted.     I find, however, that in all rapidly growing cities the same difficulty exists.
" On account of the difficulty experienced in securing and retaining the services of first-
class teachers, the Board of Trustees revised the salary schedule. The schedule takes effect
November 1st, 1904. Below is a statement of the minimum and maximum monthly salaries
which will be paid under the amended schedule :—
Min. Max.
" Public school principals     $90 00 $110 00
1st Assistant      80 00 90 00
2nd        ,.      65 00 80 00
Senior grade teachers  65 00
Junior and intermediate teachers      40 00 55 00
" Maximum salary for lowest primary division,
" Minimum salary for High School teachers,
" I have, &c,
" W. P. Argue,
City Superintendent." 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 57
Report op Principal.
"Normal School, Vancouver, B. O, April, 1904.
"Alexander Robinson, Esq.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report of the Provincial Normal School
for the twelve months ending March 31st, 1904 :—
" The work accomplished this year has been in most respects similar to that of last year.
Our classes have still been held in the Roberts School building, but owing to the crowded
condition of this school we have been obliged to give up another of the rooms formerly occupied
by us. This has caused considerable inconvenience in the preparation of our work, and it has,
therefore, been impossible to carry on our classes as satisfactorily to ourselves and with as great
advantage to our students as could have been done under more favourable conditions of space
and arrangement.
" Two additional classes have been formed in the Model School; the teachers now employed are :—
"Normal School:
William Burns, B. A., Principal.
J. D. Buchanan.
D. Blair.
" Model School:
T. Leith, Principal.
R. S.  Sherman.
Miss A. M. Newsom.
Miss R. McK. Macfarlane.
Miss W. Mooney.
Miss M. B. Johnstone.
Miss M. I. Fraser.
" Summer Session.
"This session commenced July 6th, 1903, and ended September 26th, 1903. The number
of students enrolled was 46 ; 4 of these withdrew during the session, the remainder obtained
their diplomas at its close.
"Winter Session.
"This session commenced October 5th, 1903, and ended March 31st, 1904. The number
of students enrolled was 55 ; 3 of these withdrew and 3 failed to obtain their diplomas. Nearly
all of these students were direct from the High School, and were quite ignorant both of the
theory and of the practice of teaching. Their improvement has been very marked, but they
were greatly hindered by their ignorance of several of the subjects on which they were required
to give lessons, and, consequently, these students had to receive preliminary instruction in these
subjects, as well as to be taught how to impart the knowledge of them to pupils in the public
"In conclusion, I beg to reiterate some means by which it appears to me, from another
year's experience, that the value of this school to the educational improvement of this Province
could be materially increased, namely :—
"1. That all teachers must be holders of Normal School Diplomas, satisfactory to the
Council of Public Instruction. A 58 Public Schools Report. 1904
" 2. That suitable arrangements be made at once for rooms in which the Provincial Normal
School may he held, irrespective of the needs of the City of Vancouver.
" 3. That a non-professional certificate must include proof of knowledge of all subjects to
be taught in the public schools of the Province.
""4. That the Faculty of the Provincial Normal School be empowered to demand a satisfactory entrance examination on such of these subjects as are not covered by the certificates
presented by applicants for admission.
" 5.  That more than one grade of Normal School diploma be issued.
" I would further suggest that as soon as the Provincial Normal School is placed in its own
building, the Model School connected with it should be under the control of the Principal of
the Normal School in every particular. The dual authority existing at present in the Roberts
School is not conducive to the best interests either of the students-in-training or of the teachers
or pupils of the Model School.
"We cannot make a Model School while organisation and discipline are out of control; while
the methods of teaching used are, in some cases, at variance with those which our students are
advised to use; and while Model School teachers can be appointed quite irrespective of their
suitabilitj' for Model School work.
" All these difficulties would be overcome were the Model School also directly under the
control of the Education Department.
" I have, etc.,
"William Burns,
"Principal." 4 Ed. 7
Public Schools Report.
A 59
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the Public
Schools of the Province began on July 4th, 1904, and was held simultaneously in Chilliwack,
Cumberland, Grand Forks, Nanaimo, Nelson, New Westminster, Rossland, Vancouver, Vernon
and Victoria.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were W. P. Argue,
B. A., J. W. Church, M.A., Frank H. Eaton, M.A, Edward B. Paul, M.A., James C. Shaw,
M.A., and David Wilson, B.A.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of August 4th,
1904, as follows :—
Academic Certificates.
Baird, William J., B.A., University of Toronto.
Broadfoot, Thomas A., B.A., University of Manitoba.
Brough, Thomas A., B.A., Queen's University, Kingston.
Burris, Grace D., M.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax.
Caldwell, Daisy C, B.A., Queen's University, Kingston.
Cann, Jeanette A., B.L., Dalhousie University, Halifax.
Clement, Richard V., B.A., University of Toronto.
Dakin, Wm., B.A., University of Manitoba.
Donavan, Alice G., B.A., Queen's University, Kingston.
Douglas, Robert J., B.A., McGill University, Montreal.
Gass, Helen B., B.A., McGill University, Montreal.
Hudson, Wm. H., M.A., Trinity College, Toronto.
Langdon, Kenneth, B.A., University of Manitoba.
Lennox, Mary, B.A., University of Toronto.
Moody, Margaret H., B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax.
McKenzie, Eben H, B.A., University of Manitoba.
McNiven, Catherine, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax.
Simpson, Laura E.
Tanner, John A., M.A., Trinity College, Toronto.
First Class Certificates.
Anstie, Jennie K.
Cattell, Dorothy.
Deane, George H.
Draper, Hester.
Bailey, Adelaide S.
Halliday, James A.
Irvine, Ada E.
Loat, Kathleen B.
Milne, Helen B.
Philip, Alice M.
Sharpe, Rhoda.
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Sinclair, James W.
Second Class Certificates.
Allan, Helen C.
Anderson, Sarah J.
Armstrong, Harriet L.
Brown, Ella J.
Bruce, Maud.
Burnett, Elsa K.
Burns, Mrs. Eveline.
Camp, Marion E.
Campbell, John M.
Campbell, Samuel B.
Carson, Eliza J.
Cathcart, Isabel.
Chapman, Caroline M.
Clark, Mary McG.
Copeland, Lydia B.
Cripps, Clara.
Ci'owder, Jos. T.
Curtis, Julia F.
Davidson, Gwladys D.
DeBou, Edith S.
Edwards, Lilias M.
Field, Maud L.
Fougner, Iver.
Foy, Ellsworth.
Frank, Mary C.
Fraser, Annie E.
Frith, Lillian E.
Granger, Constance G.
Gray, Alice E.
Hall, Geo. W. A 60
Public Schools Report
Second Class Certificates—Concluded.
Harris, Winnifred L.
Marshall, Annie F.
McNair, Muriel.
Hart, Margaret F.
Mennell, Arthur.
McQueen, Jessie.
Hiscocks, Sophie F.
Moffatt, Helen G.
Ohlson, Ellen C.
Holloway, Mary E.
Monro, Rose.
Preston, Sara.
Homer, Mary S.
Musgrove, Pearl C.
Redfern, Kate E.
Johnson, Kristruna.
McCrimmon, Kate F.
Robson, Robert M.
Killins, Sarah J.
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C.
Ross, Grace E.
Lawrence, Edith M.
McDougall, Archena J.
Scanlan, Kate.
Lindseth, Clara E.
McKenzie, Mrs. Edith E.
Sinclair, Madge P.
Loat, Eleanor C.
McKinnon, Kate M.
Smith, Bruce S.
Lyons, Isabella.
McKinnon, Mary M.
Webb, Daisy M.
Macken, Norine.
McLachlan, Mary A.
Third Class Certificates.
Whitely, Margaret.
Anderson, Agnes N.
Hunden, Annie.
Parrott, Lucy M.
Atkinson, Grace.
Keith, Lily T.
Peele, Sidney B,
Barber, Orphenia.
King, John.
Ray, Eva M.
Best, Frances M.
Kyle, M. Miriam.
Reinhard, Annie H.
Blakeney, Nathan T.
Lamont, Marion.
Robson, Minnie E.
Boyd, Kathleen.
Laurence, Flora C.
Rowan, Bessie.
Braden, Robert A., Jr.
Marshall, Annie F.
Shaw, Marguerite.
Braden, Clara E.
Michael, Katherine.
Skaling, Jeannette E.
Cartwright, Lena.
Miller, Florence.
Smith, Francis W.
Christensen, Carl B.
Mitchell, Morley W.
Smith, Helena B.
Church, Alfred F B., B.A.
Morrison, Florence M.
Smith, lone.
Clapp, Maud.
McArthur, Margaret T.
Stephens, Mary E.
Conroy, Edward G.
McBeth, Benjamin A.
Stewart, Norman C.
Eldridge, Dorothy C.
McCallum, Lillie.
Thomas, Gwendolyn A.
Fisher, Hollis.
McClure, F. Lillian.
Thomson, Mildred.
Frazer, Bessie 0.
McDougall, Katherine E.
Trage, Bertha.
Haarer, Helena.
McGeer, Ninyas W.
Trethewey, Lily R. McN.
Harrington, Clara.
McLeod, Jennie M.
Wall, Lillian.
Harris, Sophie M.
McNiven, John J.
Walls, Emma N.
Hartie, Hattie M.
McRae, Jean M.
Wellwood, Wilmot B.
Henderson, Isabel.
Nicol, Mary E.
Wood, F. Gordon Campbell.
Hoadley, Wm. E.
Third Class Certificates,
Renewed for One Year, under Section 71,  "School Act."
Bowell, Bertha J.
Gibson, Margaret.
McQuarrie, Jessie K.
Brethour, Margaret M.
Hammond, David.
Ogilvie, Ernest W.
Buttimer, Annie L.
Hardie, Violet.
Ramsay, Mary G.
Cameron, Bertha I.
Hilbert, Rose A.
Robertson, Margaret M.
Cathcart, Annie.
Knapp, Thomas E.
Sharpe, Phcebe 0.
Crankshaw, Cora H.
Laurence, May.
Sullivan, Margaret M.
Cleveland, Jane M.
Lovell, Elizabeth S.
Toop, Ida M.
Creech, Mary M.
Mellard, Carrie E.
Vannetta, Annie E.
Eastman, Bessie G.
Moore, Bibianne.
Williams, Hattie B.
Gibson, Grace E.
Muir, Maude.
Woodman, Annie M.
Alexander Robinson,
B.A., '
W. P. Argue, B.A.,
J. W. Church, M.A.,
F. H. Eaton, M.A.,
■Board of Examiners.
E. B. Paul, M.A.,
J. C. Shaw, M.A.,
David Wilson, B.A.,
■ 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 61
Since the publication of the last Report the Honourable the Council of Public Instruction
has made changes in the boundaries of the following School Districts ; created School Districts
with limits as herein stated ; and cancelled the creation of School Districts as herein stated :—
Boundary Bay—4th May, 1886.    Creation of School District cancelled 8th June, 1904.
Boundary Falls—15th September, 1904 :
Commencing at the south-west corner of Section 6, Township 70, Osoyoos Division
of Yale District, being a point on the Internationa] Boundary Line; thence due north
three and one-half miles to the north-west corner of the south-west quarter section of
Section 19 of the said Township ; thence due east three miles ; thence due south three and
one-half miles ; thence due west along the International Boundary Line to the point of
Bowen Island—18th April, 1903.    Creation of School District cancelled 8th June, 1904.
Canoe Creek—27th January, 1904 :
Commencing at the southeast corner of Section 4, Township 20, Range 9, Kamloops
Division of Yale District; thence in a direct line north to the shore of the Salmon Arm
of Shuswap Lake ; thence westerly, following the shore line of said lake, to the boundary
line between Range 9 and Range 10; thence in a direct line south to the south-west
corner of Section 6 of said Township; and thence in a direct line east to the point of
Coal Creek, 14th September, 1904 :
Commencing at the junction of Coal Creek with Elk River, East Kootenay; thence
in a northerly direction, following the eastern bank of said river for a distance of three
miles; thence due east six miles ; thence in a southerly direction, and parallel to the
course of Elk River, six miles ; thence due west six miles, more or less, to the eastern
bank of said river; thence northerly, following said river to the point of commencement at
the junction of Coal Creek with Elk River: Except such portion of said district as is
included in the Fernie City School District.
Dunach—8th April, 1891.    Creation of School District cancelled 8th June, 1904.
Fernie—18th April, 1899.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 14th September, 1904 :
All that tract of land embraced within the corporate limits of the City of Fernie.
Hedley—15th September, 1904 : .
All that tract of land in the Osoyoos Division of Yale District embraced within the
circumference of a circle whose centre shall be the present office of the Daly Reduction
Company at Hedley, and whose radius shall be a distance of five miles from such centre.
Kelowna—18th April, 1893.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 13th April, 1904 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Lot 9, Township 25, Osoyoos Division of
Yale District, being a point on the shore of the Okanagan Lake ; thence east to the
north-east corner of Section 30, Township 26 ; thence due south to the south-east corner
of Lot 136, Township 26 ; thence directly west to the Okanagan Lake ; thence northerly,
following the shore line of said lake, to the point of commencement.
Keremeos—13th April, 1904 :
Commencing at the south-west corner of Lot 114, Township 52, Osoyoos Division of
Yale District; thence in a line due north to the south-west corner of Lot 175 of said
Township; thence due east to the north-east corner of Lot 176 ; thence due south along A 62 Public Schools Report. 1904
the eastern boundaries of Lots 176 and 393, to the intersection of the northern boundary
of Section 30 ; thence due east to the north-east corner of said Section; thence due south
to the south-east corner of said Section ; thence due east to the south-west corner of
Section 26 of Township 52 ; thence directly south to the quarter section post on western
boundary line of Section 14 ; thence due west to the Similkameen River ; thence south
following the meanderings of said river to the north-east corner of Section 7 ; thence in
a westerly and northerly direction, following the base of the mountains, to the south-west
corner of Lot 460; thence due north to the north-west corner of said Lot; thence
crossing the river to the base of the mountains, and following the base of the mountains
to the south-west corner of Lot 114, the point of commencement.
Ladysmith—19th December, 1900.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 14th September, 1904 :
All that tract of land embraced within the corporate limits of the City of Lady-
Lund—19th April, 1904:
All that tract of land in the Comox Electoral District comprised within the circumference of a circle whose centre shall be the Post Office of Lund, and its radius a distance
of three miles from such centre.
Michel—8th December, 1903 :
All that tract of land situated in South-East Kootenay embraced within a circle
whose centre shall be the centre of the plot of land on which the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company's station-house at Michel now stands, and whose radius shall be a distance of
two miles from such centre.
Nicomen—17th April, 1890.    Creation of School District cancelled 8th June, 1904.
Nicomen, North—9th May, 1893.    Creation of School District cancelled 8th June, 1904.
Okanagan—31st July, 1874.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 13th April, 1904 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Lot 9, Township 25, Osoyoos Division of
Yale District, being a point on the shore of the Okanagan Lake; thence northerly, following the shore of Okanagan Lake, to the north-west corner of Section 31, Township 26;
thence due east to the north-east corner of Section 36 of said Township ; thence due south
to the south-east corner of Section 12 of said Township; thence due west to the mouth of
Mission Creek; thence northerly along the shore of Okanagan Lake to the south-west
corner of Lot 14, Township 25; thence due east to the south-east corner of Lot 136,
Township 26; thence due north to the north-east corner of Section 30 of said Township;
thence due west to the point of commencement.
Okanagan Mission—2nd April, 1895. Boundaries altered and re-defined 13th April, 1904 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Lot 20, Township 23, Osoyoos Division of
Yale District, being a point on the shore of the Okanagan Lake; thence due east to the
north-east corner of Section 21, Township 24; thence due south to the south-east corner
of Section 4 of said Township; thence in a direct line west to the shore of the Okanagan
Lake; thence following the shore line of said lake north to the point of commencement.
Okanagan, South—13th May, 1896. Boundaries altered and re-defined 13th April, 1904 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 6, Township 26, Osoyoos Division
of Yale District, being a point on the shore of the Okanagan Lake ; thence southerly and
westerly, following the shore line of said lake, to the north-west corner of Section 7, Township 28 ; thence due east, along the northern boundary lines of Sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and
12 of Township 28, and Sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Township 29, to the north-east
corner of said Section 12; thence due north to the north-east corner of Section 1, Township 26; thence in a direct line west to the point of commencement.
Princeton—15th September, 1904:
All that tract of land in the Osoyoos Division of Yale District embraced within the
circumference of a circle whose centre shall be the Court House at Princeton, B. C, and
whose radius shall be a distance of five miles from such centre. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 63
Prospect—20th June, 1892. Boundaries altered and re-defined 1st May, 1899, and 18th
November, 1903 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 122, Lake District; thence following
the boundary line between South Saanich and Lake Districts along the northern and
eastern boundaries of Lots 122, 19 and 55, to the south-east corner of Lot 55 ; thence due
east to the Victoria and Sidney Railway; thence southerly, following said railway, to the
north-east corner of Section 62 ; thence due south to the south-east corner of said section;
thence due west to the south-west corner of Section 131 ; aud thence directly north to the
point of commencement.
Saanich, West—27th May, 1880. Name changed 27th October, 1884, from "West South
Saanich" to "West Saanich." Boundaries altered and re-defined 20th June, 1892, and
18th November, 1903.
Commencing at the south-east corner of Section 17, Range II, E., South Saanich
District; thence north along the said range line to the south-east corner of Section 12,
Range II. E.; thence west along the southern boundary of said section to its south-west
corner; thence in a direct line north to the south-west corner of Section 4, Range II. E.;
thence west along the southern boundary of Section 4, Range I. E., to its south-west
corner; thence north along the range line to the north-west corner of Section 1, Range I.
E.; thence due west to the sea shore ; thence southerly following the shore line to the
head of Todd Creek; thence in a direct line to the north-west corner of Section 122,
Range I. W.; thence east along the northern boundary line of said section to its northeast corner; thence due south to the north-west corner of Section 19, Range I. E.; thence
along the northern boundary of said section to its north-east corner; thence due south to
the north-east corner of Section 80, Range I. E. ; thence due east to the point of commencement.
Sandwick—2nd October, 1890. Name changed 8th June, 1904, from " Puntledge" to
All that portion of Comox District lying west of the boundary line separating Sections
21 and 45, extended in a north-easterly direction to the sea shore, and south-westerly to
its intersection with Brown's River, and not including " Courtenay School District."
Similkameen—30th April, 1891.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 13th April, 1904.
Commencing at the north-east corner of Section 17, Township 54, Osoyoos Division
of Yale District; thence in a line due west to the Similkameen River ; thence in a
southerly direction, following the meanderings of said river, to the International Boundary
Line; thence due east to the south-east corner of Section 10, Township 47 ; thence due
north to the south-west corner of Section 35, Township 55 ; thence due west to the southwest corner of Section 33 of said Township; thence due north to the point of commencement.
Squamish, 2nd March, 1904 :
Commencing at the south-east corner of Section 1, Township 50, New Westminster
District; thence in a line due west to the south-west corner of Section 4 of said Township; thence due north to the north-west corner of Section 21 ; thence in a direct line
east to the north-east corner of Section 24 of said Township : thence due south to the
point of commencement.
Summerland—27th August, 1903.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 20th November, 1903 :
All that tract of land in and around Summerland, Osoyoos Division of Yale District,
embraced within the circumference of a circle whose  centre  shall  be the Summerland
School-house, and whose radius shall be a distance of five miles from such centre. A 64 Public Schools Report. 1904
In the case of city school districts which are now required to meet a portion of their school
expenses, it is interesting to note the respective amounts paid by the cities and by the Government. Thus in Vancouver the total expenditure for high and public schools for the year just
ended was $110,079.36, of which the Government contributed $50,934.70; in Victoria the total
expenditure was $75,256.09, while the Government's contribution was $32,839.20 ; in Nanaimo
these amounts were $17,196.66 and $13,025.46, respectively; and in New Westminster
$22,868.55 and $13,119.96, respectively. The percentage of the total cost of education paid
by many of the smaller cities was even less. Thus, the total cost in Cumberland was $5,523.95,
of which the amount paid by the Government was $4,992.60 ; that is to say, while the Government contributed slightly more than 90 % of the total cost, the City of Cumberland paid
scarcely 10 "/.
That the cities of British Columbia, which by the " Municipal Clauses Act" are permitted
to assess taxable property to the extent of two mills on the dollar for school purposes, are not
highly taxed in respect of education at least, a comparison with the rates charged in the following cities will show :—Thus in Nova Scotia, the City of Halifax contributes to the support of
her schools 5 mills on the dollar of taxable property, a rate which this year gave her the sum
of $110,350 for school purposes, while the Government contributed in addition the small sum
of $14,600; the rate in Dartmouth is 54- mills on the dollar. In New Brunswick, the rate in
St. John is 3.79 mills; in Fredericton, 2.962 mills; in Moncton, 7 mills ; and in Campbellton,
3 mills. In Ontario, the rate in Toronto is 5.8 mills; in Peterborough, 5.66 mills, while the
rate paid by the separate school supporters is 6.66 mills ; in London, 5.85 mills ; in Hamilton, 5.5
mills ; in Ottawa, 6.05 mills for public schools, while separate school supporters pay 6.5 mills ;
and in Kingston, 4.87 mills. In Manitoba, the rate in Winnipeg is 3.57 mills ; in Brandon,
9.2 mills; and in Portage la Prairie, 8 mills on the dollar.
In a previous report I pointed out that the per capita grants of $20, $15, and $13, to
cities of the third class, second class and first class, respectively, were altogether too large. In
British Columbia, more than in any other Province of the Dominion, the wealth of the country
tends to centre largely in its cities and towns, and the policy of the Education Department
should be to throw a large proportion of the cost of the respective city schools upon the
shoulders of the urban taxpayers, thus leaving itself free to deal more generously with the
schools situated in the isolated and sparsely settled districts. In fact, I believe the time has
now come when the question of the revision of the School Act should be openly and courageously met. It is unfair to the newer and less prosperous settlements to require that they
supply school buildings, and furnish them, as is demanded by the Act in the case of " assisted
schools," while the Government is required to meet the cost of every cord of wood or box of
chalk used in the schools of such prosperous settlements as Chilliwack, Ladner, Comox, Armstrong, or Kelowna.
It is to be regretted that, at the last Session of the House, section 3 of the Bill amending
the " Public Schools Act," which provided that all applicants for third class, second class, first
class and academic certificates must be graduates of the Provincial Normal School, or of
other Normal Schools approved by the Council of Public Instruction, was not pressed by the
member of the Government in charge of the Bill. At present candidates for third class
certificates (tenable for three years) are exempt from attendance at the Provincial Normal
School, with the result that a great majority of the yearly additions to the teaching staff of
the Province consists of raw, untrained, third class teachers. Constant complaints regarding
the poor work done by these third class teachers have been received by the Education Office,
not only from the Government Inspectors, but from trustees and parents generally, and it was
with the view of increasing the efficiency of these teachers, by requiring them to attend a
session of the Normal School, that the section in question was incorporated in the Bill. The
only argument, so-called, that was brought against the clause was one to the effect that, if it
passed, expense would be caused the parents of these students by their attendance at the
Normal School, an argument that ignored completely the fundamental idea of all popular
education, viz., that teachers are the tools whereby the crude youth of a country are hewn into 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 65
some sort of intellectual shape and that it is therefore the manifest duty of the State to render
these tools as efficient as possible; in other words, that our School Act was passed for the
benefit chiefly of the children and not particularly for the benefit of prospective teachers.
Sympathy on the score of expense is entirely wasted on parents who may be compelled to
exercise a slight amount of self-denial in maintaining their children at the Normal School,
when it is remembered that the average monthly salary paid in rural districts in this Province,
a salary which these young people can earn immediately after graduation, was for the year
1903-4 $54.16, a figure seldom reached by the ordinary rural teacher in the Eastern
Provinces, or if at all, only after many years of successful work.
In a province as large as British Columbia it necessarily takes several years for the
professional reputation of a teacher to extend throughout the several school districts. In
consequence, some of our teachers, who by nature and education are totally unfitted for the
task of instructing the children of any district, however isolated, are yet enabled, after being
dismissed by the trustees of one district, to secure an appointment in another school, if only it
is sufficiently remote from their last charge. The names of these birds of passage, who, by
the way, are mostly men, are well known to the Education Department, and their certificates
should be summarily cancelled. It is unfair to Boards of Trustees to allow them to be victimised by these incapables any longer. Besides, the cancellation of the certificates of two or
three teachers, who through lack of natural aptitude are incapable of improvement, would
exercise a stimulating influence in the case of others whose want of professional success is due,
not to a lack of intelligence, but to a deficiency in zeal.
For some years it has been felt that the summer holidays, beginning as they do in the
last week of June and extending to the second week of August, are held at an inopportune
time, inasmuch as the re-opening of schools takes place in the middle of the hottest month of
the year. The question of re-arranging the dates of the opening and the closing of the summer
vacation is now under consideration, and an announcement regarding the subject will be made
before the close of the present school-year.
I see no reason to change the opinion expressed three years ago in the Thirtieth Annual
Report that the time has not yet arrived for the establishment of a Provincial University.
The establishment of such a University would no doubt tend to foster a stronger provincial
spirit; whether at the same time it would tend to advance the cause of higher education in
the Dominion is doubtful. Apart altogether from the initial cost for buildings and apparatus,
the amount required for salaries of professors and for maintenance would not be less than
$18,000 a year; a sum sufficiently large to maintain at McGill or Toronto University 60
British Columbia students, allowing each a scholarship of $300 a year. Even were our
population large enough to support a university, it is a question if the money required for its
maintenance could not be more judiciously expended in granting scholarships at McGill or
Toronto to poor but deserving students of this Province. I believe that in the case of
Manitoba University, for example, the Government of that Province would have acted more
wisely if, instead of founding a small struggling university at Winnipeg, they had agreed to
contribute one-half of what is now spent on their Provincial University to the support of a
first-class scientific and technical school in connection with Toronto University, while using
the remaining half to help to support at Toronto Manitoba students who, for want of funds,
are now debarred from enjoying the greatly inferior advantages offered by the university of
their own Province.
Five candidates for the Rhodes scholarship presented themselves before the Committee of
Selection, which met in the Education Office on July 12th, 1904. After most careful consideration, the choice of a majority of the committee fell upon Mr. A. W. Donaldson, who in
1903 passed the second year sessional examination of McGill University. A particularly
gratifying circumstance in connection with Mr. Donaldson's selection, as showing the high
standard some of our high schools have attained, is the fact that all his preliminary education
was acquired in the public and high schools of this province. The Rhodes agent at Oxford
has arranged for Mr. Donaldson's entry to Hertford College.
The Committee appointed by the Trustees of the will of the late C. J. Rhodes consisted
of the Lieutenant-Governor, the Chief Justice and the Superintendent of Education. Early
in February His Honour felt constrained to resign and the vacancy thus caused was filled by
the appointment of Mr. Justice Duff. The Chief Justice is Chairman of the Committee while
the Superintendent continues to act as Secretary. So many inquiries regarding the Rhodes scholarship are received from prospective candidates and others that I have decided to re-publish the conditions which must be fulfilled by
all British Columbia students.    They are the following :—
(1.) He must have passed the Responsions Examinations, so called, the requirements of
which are as follows :—
■ (a.) Arithmetic—the whole*
(b.) Either Algebra.
Addition,    Subtraction,    Multiplication,    Division,   Greatest   Common    Measure,   Least
Common Multiple, Fractions, Extraction of Square Root, Simple Equations containing one or
two unknown quantities, and problems producing such equations.
Or Geometry.
Euclid's Elements, Book I., II. i    Euclid's axioms will be required, and no proof of any
proposition will be admitted which assumes the proof of anything not proved in preceding
propositions of Euclid.
(c.) Greek and Latin Grammar.
(d.) Translation from English into Latin prose,
(e.)  Greek and Latin authors.
Candidates must offer two books, one Greek and one Latin, or Unseen Translation.    The
following portions of the under-mentioned authors will be accepted :—
Demosthenes : (1) Philippics 1-3, Olynthiacs 1-3, or (2) De Corona.
Euripides, any two of the following plays: Hecuba, Medea, Alcestis, Bacchae.
Homer (1) Iliad 1-5, or 2-6; or (2) Odyssey 1-5 or 2-6.
Plato, Apology and Crito.
Sophocles, Antigone and Ajax.
Xenophon, Anabasis 1-4 or 2-5.
Caesar, De Bello Gallico 1-4.
Cicero: (1) the first two Philippic Orations; or (2) the four Catiline Orations, and In
Verrem, Act I.; or (3) the Orations Pro Murena and Pro Lege Manilia; or (4) the treatises
De Senectute and De Amicitia.
Horace : (1) Odes 1-4 ; or (2) Satires; or (3) Epistles.
Livy, Books XXL and XXII.    (After Michaelmas, 1903, Books V. and VI.)
Virgil: (1) the Bucolics, with Books 1-3 of the Aeneid ; or (2) the Georgics; or (3) the
Aeneid, Books 1-5, or 2-6.
2. He must have reached, at least, the end of his Sophomore or second year at some
recognised degree-granting University or College of Canada.
3. He must be unmarried, must be a British citizen, and must be between 19 and 25
years of age.
4. He may elect whether he will apply for the scholarship of the Province in which he has
acquired the above-mentioned qualification, or for that of the Province in which he has his
ordinary private domicile, home, or residence. He must be prepared to present himself for
examination in the Province he selects.    He cannot compete in more than one Province.
Any inquiries about Oxford, its colleges and the course of study there should be addressed
F. J. Wylie, Esq., the Oxford Agent of the Rhodes Trustees. Copies of Oxford Responsions
papers for past years can be obtained from the Copp Clark Company, Toronto. The Students'
Handbook of Oxford can be ordered at the same address. It gives full information about the
examinations of the University, subject to changes made since the last edition was issued.
" Oxford As It Is," a, small pamphlet prepared by Mr. Louis Dyer, of Harvard and Balliol
Colleges, for the use of American candidates, gives all essential information in a condensed
form. It also can be ordered from the Copp Clark Companj'-, Toronto. " Oxford and its
Colleges," written by M. J. Wells, of Wadham College, and " Oxford and Oxford Life," edited
by the same gentleman, are recommended for those who wish to gain fuller information about
the University and its Colleges.
* Candidates are expected to be able to do correctly sums in Vulgar and Decimal Fractions, Practice,
Proportion and its applications, Interest (Simple and Compound), Square Measure and Square Root.
+ Candidates should be careful to answer questions in both books. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A 67
In order that the scholars from the United States and Canada may be entered at the
various Colleges with due regard to their own preference, it has been found necessary to hold
the Responsions Examinations at an earlier date than usual. The next examination will be
held about the middle of January, 1905, and the selection of a scholar will be made some time
during the following April.
Through the kindness of the Council of Public Instruction, I was enabled during September
and October, 1903, to visit many of the schools of the Eastern Provinces. After an absence
of nearly fourteen years, it was exceedingly interesting to re-visit these schools and to compare
the high schools, city schools and rural schools of the Maritime Provinces and Ontario with the
corresponding grades of schools in this Province. While of course my stay in the East was
not sufficiently prolonged nor the number of schools visited sufficiently large to enable me to
speak authoritatively regarding the advance of education generally in the East, yet, with the
exception of some of the larger schools in the cities, my experiences were somewhat disappointing.
The social status of the teacher has not improved; his professional training has made little
advance; in rural schools the male teacher has almost entirely disappeared; and the average
rural salary, especially when the enhanced cost of living is taken into consideration, has
actually decreased. It will scarcely be credited that in some of the most prosperous agricultural
sections I found the teacher's monthly salary less than the wage of the hired farm hand,
although the teacher was compelled in addition to pay his board from his miserable monthly
pittance, while the farm hand's wage included board as well. Under such conditions, it is not
to be expected that the educational results were found particularly encouraging.
It must not be inferred from what has been said that the spirit which actuated teachers
in the East fifteen years ago has appreciably changed. On the contrary, patience, hope and
cheerfulness, even in the midst of most uncongenial surroundings, are still their chief characteristics. These qualities were particularly noticeable among the teachers in the Halifax School
for the Blind, in the Nova Scotia Deaf and Dumb Asylum, and in the Manitoba Institution
for the Deaf and Dumb. The visit to the Halifax School for the Blind was especially interesting.
The Normal School, under the control of Principal Burns, continues to do good work. It
is a pleasure to note that, from present indications, a Normal School building with model
departments will be erected during the ensuing year.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
Superintendent of Education. A c.
Public Schools Report.
Vancouver Centre.— Concluded.
Ross, Eugene,
Taylor, Mabel,
Rowan, Bessie,
Thompson, Andrew R.,
Salo, Matthew A.,
Thomson, Mildred,
Scott, James H.,
Thornton, Cosy M.,
Shearer, Frederic J.,
Wall, Lillian,
Shepherd, Elsie W.,
Wallace, Matilda M.,
Skaling, Jeanette E.,
Wetheral, Claire,
Stewart, Edith L.,
Vernon Centre.
Harris, Sophie M.,
Hoadley, William E.,
Victoria Centre.
Smith, Helena B.
Andrew, Amy K.,
Johnson, Christine C,
Angus, Henry F.,
Macrae, Lawrence P.,
Baxter, Wilhelmina,
McCrimmon, Mabel,
Bell, Beatrice,
Mason, Ernestine D.,
Belleau, Teresa M.,
Miller, William H.,
Boyd, Agnes M E.,
Moore, Katharine,
Brethour, Rita E.,
Burgess, I. N. Clifton,
Cockrell, Kathleen M
Duncan, Inez,
Eberts, Lome H.,
Erskine, Eunice V.,
Few, Bertha,
Fullerton, Florence L.
Fisher, Hollis,
Gabriel, Winnifred J.,
Gregg, Isabel M.,
Hing, Peter,
Jones, Lizzie C,
Nason, Oliver K.,
O'Kell, Stanley H.,
Roberts, Jean G.,
Ross, Lillian M.,
Rickaby, Edna M.,
Robertson, Russell B.,
Selman, May E.,
Smith, Delphia M. J.,
Sylvester, Ruby F.,
Taylor, Harry A.,
Thomson, Eric R.,
Westwood, Beulah F.,
Williams, Alfred.
itermediate Gra
Chilliwack Centre
Jukes, Marian E.,
Cumberland Centre
McEwan,  Cecil.
Hill, Norah J.,
Smith, Edith T.,
Nanaimo Centre.
Strang, Marguerite.
Dingwall, Robina A.,
Gillies, Isabella A.,
Fisher, Howard J.,
Nelson Centre.
Johnson, Elizabeth.
Fawcett, Annie M.,
Horton, Marion,
Wallace, Roy E.
Senior Grade.
New Westminster Centre.
Draper, Hester.
Vancouver Centre.
Sharpe, Rhoda.
Vernon Centre.
Deane, George H. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A ci.
The medals presented by His Excellency the Governor-General were awarded on result
of written examinations held by this Department, as follows :—
1. Howard Fisher, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Nanaimo High School.
2. Sydney C. Dyke, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the New Westminster
High School.
3. Miss Marguerite Shaw, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Vancouver High
4. Harold Pope, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Victoria High School.
5. Gerald D. W. Davis, Bronze Medal, presented for competition in the Graded Schools
of Nanaimo City.
6. Charles C. Smith, Boys' School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition among the
Graded Schools of New Westminster City.
7. Miss Frances Stone, Roberts School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition among
the Graded Schools of Vancouver City.
8. Miss Clara Van Sant,  North Ward School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition
among the Graded Schools of Victoria City.
Christmas   Examinations,   1903.
Cumberland School.
Hunden, Lizzie, Shore, Mary,
Mounce, Carlton C, Whyte, William.
Patton, Pauline,
Grand Forks School.
Betts, Mary L. W., Turner, Clara I. O.
Nanaimo, Central School.
Crossan, Jane, Jones, Effie C,
Davis, Gerald D. W., Leighton, Frederick L.,
Escott, Florence, Pargeter, Mabel S.,
Eva, Elizabeth, Shaw, Elizabeth F.,
Galbraith, John C, Shaw, Joseph H.
Haslam, William E.,
Nelson, Central School.
Bard, Raymond, Motley, Charles,
Fawcett, Ellen B., McVicar, Eva,
Hipperson, Jessie, McLauchlan, Robert B. A cii. Public Schools Report. 1904
New Westminster, Boys' School.
Bartlett, Dugald M., Mackenzie, Robert D.,
Burr, William J., Peele, Oswald S.,
Day, William McL., Sangster, Henry W.,
DeBeck, Howard C, Sharpe, Lome G.
Lamtung, Jack,
New Westminster, Girls' School.
Archibald, Clarissa B., Thornber, Roberta M.,
Elley, Laura, Wintemute, Alice R.
Robinson, Ethel,
New Westminster, Sapperton School.
House, Lydia.
Rossland, Central School.
Cosgriffe, Elizabeth E., McCraney, Margaret,
Keating, Margaret, Raymer, Esther B.
Vancouver, Central School.
Cotter, Winnifred, Grossman, Harry, McAlister, Lome A.
Vancouver, Dawson School.
Armstrong, Martha N., Johnston, Douglas,
Clews, Alice V., Kilmer, Jane,
Dickens, Charles, Lopatecki, Kenneth V.,
Dixon, Margaret, Muir, Minnie E.,
Dunn, A. Brodie, McGeachie, Marion,
Forsythe, Laura L., McLean, Jessie T.,
Hill, Vera L., Wall, James T.,
Ingram, George R., Watson, Eva.
Vancouver, Mount Pleasant School.
Burns, Robert, Martin, Jeannie,
Davidson, Lida, Stafford,  Dorothy,
Lister, H. Norman, Sutherland, Katie.
Vancouver, Strathcona School.
Brown, Nellie W., Stuart, William,
Duclos, Albert, Vicars, Martha,
Greenius, Reuben, Walden, Minnie.
McRae, Amy M.,
Vernon School.
Bell, Dorathea C, Pound, Allan,
Black, Kathleen, Wood, George H.
McKinnon, Joseph A.,
Victoria, Boys' School.
Cole, Frederick, Johnson, John V.,
Gowen, Alfred W., Mclnnes, Donald A.,
Harrison, Robert, O'Brien, Clifford.
Victoria, Girls' School.
Acton, Amy, Couves, Cecile,
Allan, Sibyl K. B., Devoe, Edith C,
Coates, Bessie M., Denman, Marguerite, 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A ciii.
Victoria, Girls' School.—Concluded.
Field, Florence, Milne, Emily H,
Harrison, Nancy, Moss, Marion J.,
Lambert, Alice, Simms, Lily V.,
Losee, Mary F., Woodill, Ethel R.
McKenzie, Phcebe,
Victoria, North Ward School.
Babington, Archibald, McDonald, Lesley,
Clark, Robert, Sears, Edward,
Clark, Frank, Spragge, Ernest D.,
Dempsey, Annie, Taylor, Everett,
Frank, Maggie, Thomson, Thelma,
Going, Margaret C, Van Sant, Clara.
McCandless, Eleanor,
Victoria, South Park School.
Abery, Ethel M., Munsie, Catherine A.,
Boyd, Archibald A., McKay, Robert T.,
Bamford, Ralph C, McTavish, Dorothy O.,
Briggs, Tilman A., Petticrew, James,
Fisher, Constance E., Spencer, Florence G.,
Flett, John S., Sullivan, Maud G.
Greig, Winnifred,
Central Examinations, 1903.
Crozier, Arthur J   Chemainus Landing.
Marshal], James H  n m
Dunsmuir, Susanna B Ladysmith.
Hughes, Edith  n
Spratt, Matthew  n
Thomson, Robert A. G  n
Bentley, Kathleen V Slocan City.
Weaver, Joseph , Delta.
Calder, Charles D Langley.
Coulter, William R  n
Hagman, Einar Westham.
Merry, Thirza L Trail.
Weir, Lavina V      n
Galbratth, Bessie Bowen Island.
Fletcher, Rosa K Armstrong.
Blankenbach, Marion E     . Cadboro.
Laing, Margaret B    Cedar Hill.
Walter, Arthur B Vesuvius.
Eberts, Harold F. H Private School.
Special Examinations, 1903.
Brown, George H. N " Barkerville.
Stone, Elizabeth I  n
Davis, Ouida E Grand Forks.
Gaw, Mabel  n
Arthur, Margaret E Vancouver.
Fulcher, Carl    n
Gray, David L  n A civ.
Public Schools Report.                                          1904
Special   Examinations,   1903.—Concluded.
Mitchell, Morley W Vancouver.
Sutherland, Margaret             n
Teetzel, Joseph          n
Midsummer Examinations, 1904.
Chilliwack School.
Calbick, Margaret I.,                                             Nelmes, Francis.
Cumberland School.
Bate, Muriel L. M.,         Bate, Vivian M.,          Horbury, Minnie.
Grand Forks School.
Averill, Harold W.,                                               Miller, Ellen M.,
Covert, Sylvia,                                                        Reid, Herbert,
Donnan, Dell M.,                                                   Woodhead, Willis.
Feeney, Florence,
Nanaimo, Central School.
Belloni, John,                                                         Johnson, Elizabeth,
Bertram, George N.,                                              Lewis, Gladys,
Charman, Irene,                                                      McDonald, Christina,
Dobeson, Barbara M.,                                            McLean, John J.,
Fisher, George H,                                                  Neitzel, Henrietta M.,
Gillies, Agnes,                                                            Rawlinson, Lilian D.,
Gold, Robert,                                                              Robinson, Mary E.,
Gordon, Annie,                                                        Stewart, Annie,
Grant, Louise M.,                                                   Thompson, Ethel.
Grant, Gertrude A.,
Nelson, Central School.
Allison, Louise,                                                       McKay, Margaret,
Busteed, Ferguson,                                                    Patterson, Agnes,
Darough, Lena A.,                                                 Ritchie, Ethel,
Fries, John,                                                             Svoboda, Mary,,
Foote, Lilian M.,                                                     Swannell, Amy,
Gore, George,                                                          Turner, Peter,
Graves, Nettie,                                                        Woodhouse, Gordon.
New Westminster, Boys' School.
Archibald, William,                                               Sangster, Rufus K.,
Barclay, Douglas J.,                                                 Smith, Charles C,
Kirkland, Archibald,                                                Tidy, Harry,
Lennie, Theodore H,                                             Wintemute, Royal S.
New Westminster, Girls' School.
Archibald, Margaret,                                             King, Annie M. C,
Burr, Martha J.,                                                     Lord, Isabel M.,
Corbould, Monica V. A.,                                       Mack, Myrtle E.,
DeWolf-Smith, Constance,                                    Reed, Kate,
Fletcher, Mabel L.,                                                 Wilkie, Nora G,
Flumerfelt, Olivet,
1 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A ch
Central   Examinations,   1904'.—Continued.
Bennett, Arthur Revelstoke.
Burget, Elizabeth       m
Burridge, Harold E ,  n
Calder, Margaret      n
Clark, Walley	
Cooke, Edith  n
Edwards, Mary  n
Fraser, William J  n
Gordon, Grace  n
Haggen, Geoffrey  n
Hobbs, Hilda R  n
Howson, Joseph  u
Morgan, Delia  n
Morgan, Joseph A      n
Pettipiece, Earl B      n
Robinson, Pearl  m
Somes, George  n
Kirkpatrick, Robert A Ferguson.
Nesbitt, Champion M  n
McPherson, Alexander Trout Lake.
McPherson, Grace  n
Cox, Grace J Alberni.
Bird, George M Alberni, New.
Rollin, Fred. B  „
Gill, Ethel L Gill.
Guillod, Kate I        n
Smith, Jessie    n
Jackson, Lettie J Harrison River.
Cummings, Annie E Private School (Coqualeetza Indian Institute).
Kelly, Peter  n n n
Swan, Iza H Denman Island.
Jureit, Frank Cedar, East.
Davis, Sarah . Ladysmith.
Gordon, Elizabeth E  h
Young, H. Stanley  n
McLeod, Christina         Wellington.
Arrowsmith, Jennie Creston.
Etter, Minna Salmo.
Grutchfield, Alice E      n
Cunningham, Kate Trail.
Clark, Elizabeth      Ymir.
MacLeod, Olive      n
Mclsaac, Loring      n
Wood, Annie L Barnet.
Charnley, Harry Barnston Island.
Dennis, Alice    Delta.
Honeyman, Elsie A      n
McDonald, Minnie Sea Island.
Smith, Philip Vancouver, East.
Scott, Martha ,  u South.
Howse, Charles A Private School (King's College School, Vancouver).
Routledge, Henri O  n n m
Draper, Richard Private School (Queen's School, Vancouver).
Sawers, Basil L  n n n
McGie, Mary M. E Armstrong.
Whelan, Minnie M Okanagan Mission.
Hayes, Charlotte , Otter Lake. A cl. Public Schools Report. 1904
4. Divide x — x'1 + 2ait — 2arl + 2ar& — 2xi by xi — xrk
5. (a.) Simplify Jg? - J yj + 6 «/21J.
(6.) Rationalise the denominator of -———-——•
o ^2 — 2 ^/o
(c.) Find the square root of 29-6 ^6.
6. What are eggs a dozen when six more for twenty-five cents lowers the price two and
one-half cents per dozen 1
7. I bought four cows and ten sheep at one market and sold them at another and gained
ten dollars ; had I bought and sold ten cows and fifty sheep I should have lost
twenty-five dollars.    Find gain or loss on each cow and each sheep.
Geometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Bisect a triangle by a straight line drawn through a given point in one of the sides.
2. A straight rod of given length slides between two straight rulers placed at right angles
to one another: find the locus of its middle point.
3. Prove the proposition whose corresponding algebraical formula is (a + b)2 + (a—6)2 =
2(a2 + 62)
4. Enunciate and prove Euclid, Bk. III., Prop. 21.
5. In an acute-angled triangle the perpendiculars drawn from the vertices to the opposite
sides bisect the angles of the pedal triangle through which they pass.
6. On a given straight line to describe the segment of a circle which shall contain an
angle equal to a given angle.
Physical Science.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Distinguish between mass and volume.    A body whose volume is a cubic foot and
whose specific gravity is .75 floats in water; what are the volume and weight
respectively of the water displaced by it ?
2. What  are the constituents  of  water?     How may this  be  proved,  (a) analytically,
(6) synthetically 1 In what proportions are they combined, (a) by weight, (b) by
volume? Enumerate some of the physical properties of water which differentiate
it from other liquids.
3. Describe minutely a method of preparing hydrogen by means of zinc and sulphuric
acid ; sketch all the necessary apparatus employed. What chemical changes take
place 1 How may the hydrogen be collected by upward displacement 1 Enumerate
its physical properties.    Explain the efficacy of the oxy-hydrogen lime light.
4. Compare limestone, marble, chalk and lime as to—
(a.) Occurrence in nature.
(b.) Physical and chemical properties.
(c.) Chemical composition.
(d.) Characteristics as building material.
5. " The wonderful relation between animals and plants in regard to their  action  upon
the air is a beautiful example of the way in which nature provides for one class of
its creatures even out of the refuse of the other." Discuss the facts on which,
presumably, the author bases his statement. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A cli.
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Discuss the evolution of water from those parts of the plant that are in contact with
the air.
2. Draw the leaf of a Clover and of one of the British Columbia Maples.    Name species
3. How do flowers protect their honey 1
4. Describe the Gynseciuin (Pistil) in its various forms.
5. Give the life-history of any common garden biennial.
6. Refer,  with brief explanations,   to flowers (a) in which cross-fertilization may take
place; (b) in which it must take place ; (c) in which it cannot take place.
7. Examine the fruit and seed of one of the following:—Wallflower,  Radish, Pansy,
8. How would you distinguish a Buttercup from a small Rosaceous plant with a yellow
flower 1    Name a dozen plants with yellow flowers, giving the scientific names if
you can, and state to what family each belongs.
9. Give the classes and sub-classes of Angiosperms, mentioning two families in each sub
10.  Describe leaf, leaf-arrangement, flower, inflorescence, and fruit of one of the following:—
(a.) Amelanchier alnifolia (June-berry or Service-berry).
(b.) Lilac.
(c.) Nepeta Glecoma (Ground Ivy or Creeping Charley).
(d.) Wheat,
(e.) Flax.
(/.) Phlox (any native species).
(ff-) Lily (Lilium).
Latin.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A.  (a.) Translate—
Ad haec quae visum est Caesar respondit; sed exitus fuit orationis : Sibi
nullam cum his amicitiam esse posse, si in Gallia remanerent; neque verum
esse, qui suos fines tueri non potuerint, alienos occupare; neque ullos in
Gallia vacare agros, qui dari tantae praesertim multitudini sine iniuria
possint; sed licere, si velint, in Ubiorum finibus considere, quorum sint
legati apud se et de Sueborum iniuriis querantur et a se auxilium petant:
hoc se Ubiis imperaturum.
1. Re-write the passage from " Sibi" to "possint" in Oratio Recta.
2. Indicate the geographical position of the Suebi.
3. " hoc se  Ubiis imperaturum."    What other meaning of impero is there found
in Caesar ?
(b.) Translate—
Exigua parte aestatis reliqua Caesar, etsi in his locis, quod omnis Gallia ad
septentriones vergit, maturae sunt hiemes, tamen in Britanniam proficisci
contendit, * * * et, si tempus anni ad bellum gerendum
deficeret, tamen magno sibi usui fore arbitrabatur, si modo insulam adisset
et genus hominum perspexisset, loca, portus, aditus cognovisset; quae omnia
fere Gallis erant incognita. Neque enim temere praeter mercatores illo
adit quisquam, neque iis ipsis quicquam praeter orarn maritimam atque eas
regiones, quae sunt contra Gallias, notum est.    Itaque vocatis ad se undique mercatoribus neque quanta esset insulae magnitudo, neque quae aut quantae
nationes incolerent, neque quem usum belli haberent aut quibus institutis
uterentur, neque qui essent ad maiorem navium multitudinem idouei portus,
reperire poterat.
1. The ellipsis in this extract gives one of Caesar's reasons for invading Britain.
Supply it (preferably in Latin).
2. "magno sibi usuifore arbitrabatur."    Give another example of the construc
tion sibi usui.    What is the subject of fore ?
3. "quae sunt contra Gallias."    Explain the use of the plural form Gallias.
(c.) Translate—
Quibus ex navibus cum essent expositi milites circiter trecenti atque in castra
contenderent, Morini, quos Caesar in Britanniam proficiscens pacatos
reliquerat, spe praedae adducti primo non ita magno suoruin numero circum-
steterunt ac, si sese interfici nollent, arma ponere iusserunt. Cum illi orbe
facto sese defenderent, celeriter ad clamorem hominum circiter milia sex
convenerunt. Qua re nuntiata Caesar omnem ex castris equitatum suis
auxilio misit. Interim nostri milites impetum hostium sustinuerunt atque
amplius horis quattuor fortissime pugnaverunt et paucis vulneribus acceptis
complures ex his occiderunt. Postea vero quam equitatus noster in con-
spectum venit, hostes abiectis armis terga verterunt magnusque eorum
numerus est occisus.
1. Account for the subjunctives and the ablatives in the second sentence of the
2. Write explanatory notes on legati, hiberna and civitates as occurring in C»sar.
3. " dierum viginti supplicatio."    What was the supplicatio ?    What grounds
were there for it in this instance 1
(d.) Translate—
Postridie eius diei mane tripertito milites equitesque in expeditionem misit, ut
eos qui fugerant persequerentur. His aliquantum itineris progressis, quum
iam extremi essent in prospectu, equites a Q. Atrio ad Caesarem venerunt
qui nunciarent, superiore nocte maxima coorta tempestate prope omnes
naves adflictas atque in litore eiectas esse ; quod neque ancorae funesque
subsisterent, neque nautae gubernatoresque vim pati tempestatis possent;
itaque ex eo concursu navium magnum esse incommodum acceptum.
1. " in expeditionem."    Explain this as a military term.
2. " cum iam extremi essent in conspectu."    Give two possible interpretations.
3. " magnum esse incommodum acceptum."    Why does Caesar use the word incom
modum ?
B. (a.) Translate—
sic placitum.    veniet lustris labentibus aetas,
cum domus Assaraci Phthiam clarasque Mycenas
servitio premet ac victis dominabitur Argis.
nascetur pulchra Troianus origine Caesar,
imperium Oceano, famain qui terminet astris,
Iulius, a magno demissum nomen Iulo.
hunc tu olim caelo, spoliis Orientis onustum,
accipies secura; vocabitur hie quoque votis.
aspera turn positis mitescent saecula bellis;
cana Fides, et Vesta, Remo cum fratre Quirinus,
iura dabunt; dirae ferro et compagibus artis
claudentur Belli portae; Furor impius intus
saeva sedens super arma et centum vinctus aenis
post tergum nodis fremet horridus ore cruento. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. cliii.
1. " Veniet   . .aetas, cum domus Assaraci Phthiam . .Mycenas servitio premet."
Explain fully.
2. " Hunc tu olim caelo . .accipies."    Who and what are meant?    Note a poetical
3. " claudentur Belli portae."    What is the reference 1
(b.) Translate:
nate, meae vires, mea magna potentia solus,
nate, patris summi qui tela Typhoia temnis,
ad te confugio et supplex tua numina posco.
frater ut Aeneas pelago tuus omnia circum
litora iactetur odiis Iunonis acerbae,
nota tibi, et nostro doluisti saepe dolore.
hunc Phoenissa tenet Dido blandisque moratur
vocibus ; et vereor, quo se Iunonia vertant
hospitia; haud tanto cessabit cardine rerum.
quocirca capere ante dolis et cingere flamma
reginam meditor, ne quo se numine mutet,
sed magno Aeneae mecum teneatur amore.
qua facere id possis, nostram nunc accipe mentem.
1. Supply the ellipsis in the first verse of the extract.
2. " Iunonia hospitia."    Explain the point of this.
3. Scan the last two verses of the extract.
C.  («.)   1.  Decline throughout vires, solus, pelago, Dido.    [Extract B, (b).~\
2. Write in the other degrees of comparison pulchra, magno, impius,    [Extract
B, («).]
3. Give  the   principal   parts   of fugerant,  progressis,  coorta,  subsisterent,  pati.
[Extract A, (c).]
(b.) 1. Why does Caesar begin so many sentences with a relative?
2. Express in the Latin idiom : The gallant Piso.    All of you.    It is said he was
present.    At the age of twenty.    To join Caesar in camp.
3. Translate into Latin:    On being informed of these occurrences, the general
enquired of the scouts where those soldiers had come from.—While these
preparations were being made, word was brought to camp that the enemy
had adopted a new plan of action.—There was the fact besides that they
kept relieving each other in regular succession.—So, fixing the amount of
tribute which Britain should pay yearly to Rome, Caesar started for the
Greek.    (Time 3 hours.)
[Note.—The translation from Greek should be into idiomatic English.]
A. (a.) Translate—
lvTev8ev l^eXavvti Stci 'Evplas el<s MvpiavSov Ipiropiov 8' lori to yjDplov eifi rn
OaXdrry, /cat ot/cctTat xnro Qoivixtav. ivravOa /xevovo-iv r/pepa'S exTa* koX tEjevtas
Kai Tlaaiiov 7tXolov Aa/scWes /cat ra ^pyp-ara o/iro7r\eovcri, ^aXewaivovn'S on
KCpos tot KAeapxor £ta tovs arpaTtcoTas airrcoF '{yew. Kiipos Se o"we/caAea"e rovs
arrparnyov<s /cat eXe^e rdSe- " 'AiroXeXoLwao-iv i)pd's /Hjcrtas /cat Tlao-io)V. dXXa
/jlo. tovs Oeoi"s ovk avrovs Stw^cu, ouoV avTOVs /ca/cais iroiyo-ia." ot S' aAAot o-rparv-
yol eVet fjKovcrav tyjv Kijpou dptrrjv, ijSews crvvaropevoVTO.
1.  ipwopiov Itti ttj daXdrry, /cat ot/ceiTat iirb Qoiv'ikwv.     Comment on the
historical significance of this. 2. eta.    Discuss Greek augmentation and contraction as exemplified in this form.
3. iJKovo-av ryv Kvpov dperyv.    What other case occurs with a/coixo ?    Why not
(6.) Translate—
KCpos Se cmy/caAeo-a? rov<s o-rparyyovs /cat Xo^ayovs t(ov 'HXXyvoiv o-vvefiovXevero
Te 7rws av ryv p,a)(yv ttoioIto /cat aiJTOS irapyvei dappvvwv TOtaSe • "'12 avSpes
"EAAijves, oij/c dvdp(i)iru>v diropwv J3apf3dpiav 0-vp.p.d^ovs buds dya>, dXXd vofufov
dp.ei.vovs ttoXXSiv f3ap/3dpo>v vpas elvai, Scot tovto irpoo"eXafiov. ecrre ovv dv8pes
a£toi rrjs eXevOeplas rj<s e)(ere /cat ys vpds eyo) ev8aip.ovl£o>."
1. dvSpes dvOpmiriMv.    Explain the change of word.
2. Classify the genitives in this speech of Cyrus.
3. a^tot rys eXevdepias ys e'xeTe-     Write in Latin.
(c.)  Translate—
ravTyv 8y ryv TrdpoSov Kiipos re /cat y crrpand irapyXQe /cat eyevovro etcrw ry <
rdtppov. ravry plv ovv ry ypepa. ovk epa^eo-aro fiao-iXevs. evravOa K{!pos
StAarOT /caAecras tot piavriv e8<i>Kev SapeiKovs rpicr)^iXiovs, on ry eVSe/cdVg air '
e/cetVijs yp.epa tt po6vop,evos eiwev aiTcj 6Vt /3ao-iXevs oi payfilrai Se/ca ypeputv, K.vpo
8' ehrev, " Ou/c apa eVt /xa^etTat, et eV Tau'rais ov fta^etrat Tats • edv I
dXyOevo-ys, vino-yyovpai crot Se/ca TaAaira." toCto to -^pvcrlov Tore e'Sw/cer, eVe <
irapyXOov at Se/ca ypepai.
1. eSco/cev.    What is the tense?    Note a peculiarity of formation, and name the
other verbs that exhibit it.
2. SapeiKovs TpLo-y^iXiovs.    How much is this in our money 1   Give the appearance
and the size of the Sapet/cos, and the possible origin of the name.
3. Distinguish the cases used to express time in this extract.
B. (a.)  1.  Define and illustrate Proclitics and Enclitics.
2. Enumerate the main non-English uses of the Article in Greek.
3. State the general principles which  determine case in  Greek as governed by
Prepositions, illustrating by short examples.
(6.)   1.  Decline vrpaTnarys, evpos, opvis, vavs, dXydys, oStos.
2. Give the comparison of dcrcfiaXys, oXiyos, paSws, dto-^pws, eS, rySecos.
3. Write in full the Imperfect Active of lyp.i, the First Aorist Optative Passive
of Xva>, and the principal parts of ayu>,  atpeoy,  yiyvbio-xta,  iXavvm,  OvycrKU),
/caw, op.vvp.1, Treidio, peo), Tpe)(co.
C. Write in Greek—
1. In this place there was a beautiful park.
2. The barbarians turned and fled.
3. He went off unnoticed by the general.
French.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Write the definite article before the following nouns :—Habit, heros, homme, heroine,
mont,   maison,   prix,   cafe", bonte,  crime, jeu, facon, douleur, portion,  bonheur
hareng, Hollande, gazon, gloire, lanterne.
2. Give a rule for the pronunciation of final consonants.    What exceptions are there
this rule ?
3. When is the Definite Article used, and when omitted before names of countries ? 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clix.
British History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. The struggle in Ireland (1689-1691),
2. The Peace of Ryswick.
3. The career of Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke.
4. Dupleix and Clive and the Conquest of India (1746-1757).
5. Contrast the policies of Pitt and Fox.
6. The mission of Lord Fitzwilliam (1794-5).
7. John Wilkes and the Freedom of the Press.
8. The " Ministry of All the Talents."
9. The Peninsular War (1808-1813).
10.  The era of manufacturing expansion and its causes (1760-1800).
Write comprehensively, but concisely and definitely, on not less than five of the foregoing
Canadian History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. State the nature and extent of Imperial control over Canada.
2. A Ministry has been defeated in the House of Commons—
(a.) What courses are open for it to follow?
(6.) Under what conditions would the Governor-General be justified in refusing to
dissolve parliament at its request ?
(c.) Should the Governor-General refuse to dissolve parliament at its request where
would the responsibility for his action rest ?
3. (a.) Under what circumstances or conditions is a member allowed to speak more than
once in debate 1
(b.)  Under what circumstances or conditions is it possible for a member to bring a
question before the House without the usual notice of motion ?
4. (a.) Distinguish between Written Constitutional Law, Unwritten Constitutional Law,
Statutory Law and Common Law.
(6.)  John Jones commits forgery and in due course is found guilty and sentenced.
Before what courts must he have appeared?    State the order of procedure in
each court.
Grecian History.    (Time, 1 hour.)
1. (a.) Account for the fact that Greece was never a single state like England, but was
always divided into a number of petty states.
(6.) What was the condition of Grecian society as detailed in the Homeric poems?
2. Describe the social, political and military systems of the Spartans.    What was the
representative democratic state of Greece ?
3. Give a short account of the rise of the Persian Empire.    Detail the circumstances that
led to the conflict between Greece and Persia.
4. What were the chief causes of the Peloponnesian war ?     Give some of the principal
events of this war.    What was the result ? 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A civ.
4. Give a list of Disjunctive Personal Pronouns, and give rules for their use.
5. What Conjunctions require the following verb in the Subjunctive ?
6. Give the Principal Parts of the following verbs, and give any other parts that do not
follow the general rules for their formation from the principal parts :—
Acquerir, asseoir, coudre, envoyer, rompre, tenir, savoir, voir, vouloir, pouvoir.
7. Give rules for the formation of the plurals of compound nouns, with an example of
8. Distinguish between :—
Le critique, la critique; le livre, la livre; le memoire, la memoire; le page, la
page; le somme, la somme ; le souris, la souris ; le tour, la tour; le voile, la
voile ; le manche, la manche ; le mousse, la mousse.
9. Translate into English :—
Le soleil venait de se coucher; un bandeau rougeatre marquait encore sa trace
a l'horizon lointain des monts de la Syrie; la pleine lune, a l'orient, s'elevait sur
un fond bleuatre ; le ciel e"tait pur, Fair calme et serein ; l'eclat mourant du jour
temperait l'horreur des tenebres. . . .l'ombre croissait, et deja mes regards ne
distinguaient plus que les fant6mes blanchatres des colonnes et des murs. . . .
Ces lieux solitaires, cette soiree paisible, cette scene majestueuse imprimerent a
mon esprit un recueillement religieux. L'aspect d'une grande cite deserte, la
memoire des temps passes, la comparaison de l'etat present, tout eleva mon C03ur
a, de hautes pensees. Je m'assis sur le tronc d'une colonne, je m'abandonnai a
une reverie profonde.
10. Translate into French :—
They want money. He who is contented is happy. They are not clever, but they
will become so. Give me that, I want it. Those are the men, they alone are
culpable. I also will come. You are wanted. Nothing pleases him. What
did you wish me to do. I do it to oblige you. What houses has he built? I
fear it will rain. Science is estimable, virtue more so. Look about you.
There is something about him which displeases me.    He is about ten years old.
Have you a knife about you
German.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Give rules for :—
(a.) The position of words in a German sentence.
(6.) The use of the definite article.
(c.) The use of sein as an auxiliary tense.
(d.) The gender of substantives as determined by the meaning.
2. Give a list of indefinite numerals and comment on the uses respectively of six of them.
3. Explain with illustrations the uses of noch and doch as adverbs;   as conjunctions.
4. Construct sentences illustrating idiomatic uses of the German equivalents of the pre
positions about, at, by, for, in, of, on, to, with.
5. Comment on the uses of wollen and lassen.
6. Conjugate in the first person singular the verbs signifying to be permitted and to be able. A clvi. Public Schools Report. 1904
Translate into German :—
1. The weather was cold and windy but it is now warm and pleasant. 2. To-morrow
we shall have a holiday for it is Saturday. 3. Without industry we shall not
learn much. 4. The boy is industrious; he has studied well. 5. Even the beggars
of this city have shoes and stockings. 6. I am ashamed of you because you are
not industrious. 7. When she was in the city she lived at her aunt's. 8. The
pupils would look for the words in the dictionary if they had time. 9. Would
you be happy if you were rich? 10. We always hoped that William would learn
German. 11. When I resided at my uncle's I was always home at ten o'clock in
the evening. 12. I do not know the song, the title of which you have just named.
13. If she had not been hoarse she would have sung. 14. My sister is learning
the song which was sung at the concert yesterday. 15. I was writing to my
mother and Charles was writing to his, when the postman brought us the letters.
16. The travellers enjoyed the beauty of the landscape when they were ascending
the high mountain. 17. The upper part of the City of Quebec was built earlier
than the lower part. 18. The St. Lawrence River is the broadest in Canada ;
below the City of Quebec it is broadest. 19. Which do you prefer, riding or
driving 1 20. By means of a microscope living animals can be seen in a drop of
Senior Grade.
Composition and Rhetoric.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Paraphrase the following sonnet :—
Much have I travell'd in the realms of gold
And many goodly states and kingdoms seen ;
Round many western islands have I been
Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold.
Oft of one wide expanse had I been told
That deep brow'd Homer ruled as his demesne :
Yet did I never breathe its pure serene
Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold :
— Then felt I like some watcher of the skies
When a new planet swims into his ken ;
Or like stout Cortez, when with eagle eyes
He stared at the Pacific—and all his men
Look'd at each other with a wild surmise—
Silent, upon a peak in Darien.
2. Write an Essay on any one of the following subjects :—
(a.) Christmas in London.
(6.)  The Influence of Sea Power in Modern Warfare.
(c.)  A story based on the following stanzas :—
" O Mary, go and call the cattle home,
And call the cattle home,
And call the cattle home,
Across the sands o' Dee ;"
The western wind was wild and dark wi' foam
And all alone went she.
The creeping tide came up along the sand,
And o'er and o'er the sand,
And round and round the sand,
As far as eye could see;
The blinding mist came down and hid the land—
And never home came she. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clvii.
English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. Prose.
(a.) Composition from Models.
1. Give, after Johnson, an estimate of the service rendered to literary criticism by Dryden
and by Addison, respectively.
2. State reasons, based on spirit and style, for accepting or rejecting as Addison's writing
each of the following extracts :—
(«.)  " Hanging enclosures, cornfields, and meadows green  as an emerald, with  their
trees, hedges, and cattle, fill up the whole space from the edge of the water."
(b.)  " The  streets are ill-built, ill-paved, always  flimsy in their aspect—often poor,
sometimes miserable."
(c.)   "There is something so gloomy and offensive to human nature in the prospect of
non-existence that I cannot but wonder, with many excellent writers, how it
is possible for man to outlive the expectation of it."
(d.) " His face bore the marks of former storms, but present fair weather ; its furrows
had been worn into an habitual smile ; his iron-gray locks hung about his
ears, and he had altogether the good-humoured air of a constitutional
philosopher who was disposed to take the world as it went."
(e.) "It does not throw the mind into a condition improper for the present state of
humanity, and is very conspicuous in the characters of those who are looked
upon as the greatest philosophers among the heathens."
(J.) " Labour even to get the command of your countenance so well that those emotions
may not be read in it; a most unspeakable advantage in business!"
(b.)  The Sir Roger de Coverley papers.    [N. B.—Write on two questions only.]
1. "The Spectator himself was conceived and drawn by Addison; and it is not easy to
doubt that the portrait was meant to be in some features a likeness of the painter."
Reproduce the " portrait," noting some biographical and temperamental points of
2. "Odd and uncommon characters are the game that I look for and most delight in.''
Describe the character in the Papers that, next to Sir Roger, The Spectator seems
most to " delight in."
3. " Take care how you meddle with country squires; they are the ornaments of the
English nation ; men of good heads and sound bodies ! " Show how far warranted
Sir Roger's claim is in the case of himself.
(c.) The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table.    [N.B.—Write on question 3, and on either 1 or 2.]
1. "Holmes  was essentially   an aristocrat."     Give some opinions of The Autocrat in
support of this statement.
2. " ' I think a man must have a good opinion of himself, Sir,' said the Divinity Student,
'who should feel himself above Shakespeare at any time.'" How does The
Autocrat make good his contention ?
3. Annotate where necessary the following extracts :—
(a.) "The fact is, in reporting one's conversation, one cannot help Blair-ing it up more
or less."
(b.)  " Dido had used herself ungenteelly, and Madame d'Enfer stood firm on the point
of etiquette."
(c.)   "Ithuriel did not spit the toad on his spear, you remember, but touched him with
it, and the blasted angel took the sad glories of his true shape."
(d.) " I don't think I have a genuine hatred for anybody.    I am well aware that I
differ herein from the sturdy English moralist."
(e.) " The real Hall of Eblis stands on yonder summit."
(/!) " Whether I dipped them from the ocean of Tupperian wisdom." A clviii. Public Schools Report. 1904
B. Poetry.
(as.) Poems.
1. State in a line or two (or, preferably, quote from the poem itself) the central thought
or teaching of the Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College, of The Lost Leader,
and of the sonnet on Immortality.
2. Assign each of the following extracts to its author, poem, and context:
(a.) "On the wild hill
Let the wild heath-bell flourish still."
(b.) "Nor know we anything so fair
As is the smile upon thy face."
(c.)   " All nature is but art unknown to thee."
(qL) " Hesperus with the host of Heaven came."
(e.) " We feel that we are greater than we know."
(/) "To aching eyes each landscape lowers."
(6.) Julius Caesar.
1. " The Julius Caesar of the play is clearly past his best."    Give indications of this from
the play.
2. "I am no orator, as Brutus is."    Contrast Brutus and Antony as orators, and show
that their addresses to the people are in character.
3. Paraphrase the following extracts :
(a.) " But 'tis a common proof
That lowliness is young ambition's ladder,
Whereto the climber upward turns his face;
But when he once attains the upmost round
He then unto the ladder turns his back,
Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degrees
By which he did ascend."
(6.)  " So let high-sighted tyranny range on,
Till each man drops by lottery."
(c.)  "My misgiving still falls shrewdly to the purpose."
(d.) " One that feeds
On objects, arts, and imitations,
Which, out of use and stal'd by other men,
Begin his fashion."
C. History op English Literature.
Stopford Brooke's English Literature, Chapters IV. — VIII.
1. " Certain ideas relating to mankind considered as a whole became active powers in
the world at the time of the French Revolution, and it is round the excitement
they kindled in England that the work of the poets from 1790 to 1832 can best
be grouped." Name the poets, and state the effect of these "ideas " on the work
of each.
2. Mention the author, and give the work that best represents each of the following
phases of English life or thought:—
(a.) The fantastic speech and dress of the court of Elizabeth.
(b.) The defence of Anglicanism as a church system against the Puritans.
(c.)   " The natural faults of fiery youth in a fiery time " engaged in dramatic writing.
(d.) The dramatic exhibition of "men as they may become when completely mastered
by a special bias of the mind."
(e.) The savage indignation with human kind.
(f.) The stern, yet sympathetic painting in verse of " the sacrifices, temptations, love,
and crimes of humble life." A clx. Public Schools Report. 1904
5.  Write short but comprehensive notes on each of the following :—
(a.) Leuktra, (f.) Ostrakism,
(6.) Aristides, (g.) Arbela,
(c.) Solon, (h.) Socrates,
(d.) Mutilation of the Hermae, (i.) Long Walls,
(e.) Perikles, (j.) Themistokles.
Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Draw up a table of Geological Ages, showing when the various forms of animal and
vegetable life appeared or became important.
2. Illustrate the chief modes of distribution of animals and plants, by a brief comparison
of the flora and fauna of the Bermudas with those of the United States.
3. Sketch and explain fully the machine employed for deep-sea sounding.    Name  and
locate some of the deepest parts of the Atlantic Ocean, which have been explored
by it.
4. Describe the topography of the Ocean bottom and state, in detail, the various materials
which cover the sea floor.
5. Name the three most abundant chemical elements in the composition of the known
rocks.    What percentage of the earth's crust do they each form?
6. Account for the presence of canyons and the generally level-topped appearance of
plateaus.    (Diagram allowed.)
7. Explain the following terms :—
Serpula,   atolls,   conglomerates,   globigerina,   stalagmites,   cleavage   planes,   pocket
beaches, glacial till, epicentrum.
Algebra.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Solve the equations—
(a.)    xi + 3xri = 4.
(6.)     9*+27 = 28.3*.
c-)      T + —— =-r-
x — I       X'        4
2. Form the equation whose roots are the arithmetic  mean and the harmonic mean
between the roots of x2 -px + q = o.
a+b       b+c c+a
3. If    r = <777 \~T/ ; Prove 8a + 9b + 5c = o.
a-b    2(6 - c)     3(c - a)
4. The (p + l)th term of a geometrical series is q, find the product of 2 p + 1 terms.
5. If 12 and 94 are the geometric and harmonic means respectively between two numbers,
find the numbers.
6. (a.) If a + b oca — b prove a2 +b2 oz ab.
(b.) The resistance of the air on a spherical bullet varies directly as the square of its
diameter and as the square of its velocity. If the resistance to a bullet
whose diameter is | inch and whose velocity is 1000 feet per second be 30 ozs.
weight, find the resistance to a bullet whose diameter is 8 inches and whose
velocity is 1200 feet per second. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clxi.
7. Two trains start at the same instant, the one from A to B, the other from B to A;
they meet in 1J hours; and the train for B reaches its destination 52|- minutes
before the other train reaches A.    Compare the rates of the two trains.
8. Develop by Binomial formula (§«52 — ffl^tV-1)5.
9. In what scale is 551 the square of 23 ?
Geometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Find the magnitude of each angle of a regular polygon of n sides.
2. If the vertical angle of a triangle is contained by unequal sides, and if from the vertex
the median and the bisector of the angle are drawn, then the mediau lies within the
angle contained by the bisector and the longer side.
3. Prove the  proposition of  which  the  corresponding  algebraical  formula is (a + b)2 +
(a—b)2 = 2(a2 + b2).
4. Enunciate and prove Proposition 36, Book III.
5. If four circles are described to touch every three sides of a quadrilateral, show that
their centres are concyclic.
6. The areas of similar polygons inscribed in circles are to one another as the squares of
the diameters.
7. Bisect a triangle by a line drawn parallel to one of its sides.
8. If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other, and the
sides about the equal angles proportionals, the triangles shall be similar.
Trigonometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. The angles of a triangle are in arithmetical progression and the number of degrees in
the least is to the circular measure of the greatest as 60: it .    Find the angles.
2. Trace the changes in sign and magnitude of cos A as A increases from 0° to 360°.
3. Find a solution of the following equation :—
cos 6. cosec 6 + sin 6. sec 9 =	
4. Prove the following identities :—
.   .  cosec 6      sec 0
sec a      cosec a
(b.) tan A + tan (180°-A) + cot (90° + A) = tan (360° - A).
(c.) 4 sin A. sin (60°-A), sin (60c + A) = sin 3 A
a + B               a - B 2 sin a
(a.) tan h  tan	
cos a + cos 8
5. (a.) In a triangle ABC right-angled at C prove-
A     b + c
cos^ = .
2       2c
(6.) In any triangle ABC prove b (tan B + tan G) = a tan B sec C.
6.  (a.) Express in its simplest form—
75       ,       135     „,      45
2 log —— +  log —-— 3 log-
49 °   32 ° 28 A elxii. Public Schools Report. 1904
(b.) How many digits are there in the integral part of (1.04)6000?     Given log 1.04 =
7. If A = 41° 13' 22"
B = 71° 19'5"
a = 55
find b, having given
log 55 =1.7403627
log sin B =9.9764927
log sin A =9.8188779
log 79.063 = 1.8979775.
8. From the lower window of a house the angle of elevation of a church tower is
observed to be 45° and from a window 40 feet above the former the angle
of elevation is 30°.    How far is the house from the church ?
Chemistry. (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Give the Chemical name and symbol of each of the following :—Sal ammoniac, saltpetre,
common salt, spirits of hartshorn, aqua fortis, laughing gas, caustic soda, marsh gas,
prussic acid, muriatic acid, blue vitriol, quicklime, choke damp.
2. Explain, with illustrations, the use in  chemistry  of  the  following:—Atomic weight,
univalent, dimorphous, deliquescent, homology, dibasic, reduction, destructive
3. Give some of the properties of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide respectively ; how
may each of these compounds be prepared in the laboratory ? Express by means
of equations the reactions that take place in each case.
4. What are the properties of hydrogen dioxide, and how is it prepared ?   Give the names
and symbols of five oxides of nitrogen and the modes of preparation and properties
of two of them. How much ammonia can be obtained from 50 grams of ammonium
chloride, the combining weights of nitrogen, calcium and chlorine being respectively
14, 40 and 35.5 ?
5. Give the reaction which occurs when common salt is treated with sulphuric acid.   Name
and give the symbols of the compounds of chlorine with hydrogen and oxygen.
Show that these compounds illustrate the law of multiple proportions. Why are
chlorine, iodine and bromine classed as one family?
6. Describe sulphur as to atomic weight, occurrence in nature,  crystallisation and solu
bility. Give the names, modes of preparation and uses respectively of H2S, S02,
H2SOs and H2S04.
Physical Science.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. (a.) Describe an experiment by which the pressure of the atmosphere at the level of
the sea may be determined.
(6.) Describe the aneroid barometer,
(c.) Sketch and describe the essential features of the common suction pump.
2. Define Specific Heat.     How may it be measured ?   Explain the statement,  " The high
specific heat of water is utilised in heating buildings with hot water."
3. The processes of freezing water and melting ice.     Illustrate the mutual convertibility
of kinetic and potential energy.    Explain fully. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clxiii.
4. Steam is the most convenient medium for conveying latent heat.   Why ?    How  much
heat should pass into the air of a room from a radiator box which condenses 10 k.
of steam at 100° C per hour? How much heat will be produced by freezing one
cubic foot of water ?
5. A plank 12 feet long, of uniform width and thickness and weighing 24 pounds, is
supported on two props, one 3 feet from one end and the other 1 foot from the
other end ; how much pressure does each prop support ?
6. What must be the diameter of a wheel in order that a force of 20 pounds  applied at
its circumference may be in equilibrium with a resistance of 600 pounds applied
to its axle which is 3 inches in diameter ?
7. Discuss the relation between the weight of a body on the earth's  surface and  the
velocity of the earth's rotation.
8. (a.) Explain these two quotations:—"Electrification is a form of potential energy."
" A voltaic cell is a contrivance which converts chemical energy into electrical
(b.) Describe the Grenet Cell.
9. What is meant by the  angle of declination of the magnetic needle?      What is an
electro magnet ?    A galvanometer ?
10. Describe the essential features of the Dynamo.
Latin.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. (a.) Translate—
Quid? quod salus sociorum summum in periculum ac discrimen vocatur, quo tandem
animo ferre debetis 1 Regno est expulsus Ariobarzanes rex, socius populi Romani
atque amicus; imminent duo reges toti Asiae non solum vobis inimicissimi, sed
etiam vestris sociis atque amicis ; civitates autem omnes cuncta Asia atque Graecia
vestrum auxilium exspectare propter periculi magnitudinem coguntur; imperatorem
a vobis certum deposcere, cum praesertim vos ahum miseritis, neque audent, neque
se id facere sine summo periculo posse arbitrantur. Vident et sentiunt hoc idem
quod vos,—unum virum esse, in quo summa sint omnia, et eum propter esse,
quo etiam carent aegrius; cujus adventu ipso atque nomine, tametsi ille ad
maritimum bellum venerit, tamen impetus hostium repressos esse intellegunt ac
1. " imminent duo reges toti Asiae."   Who ?   What states are included in toti Asiae ?
2. "cuncta   Asia atque Graecia vestrum  auxilium exspectare... .coguntur."     Why
Graecia 1
3. " eum propter esse."    Why was this?
(b.) Translate—
De hujus autem hominis felicitate, de quo nunc agimus, hac utar moderatione dicendi,
non ut in illius potestate fortunam positam esse dicam, sed ut praeterita meminisse,
reliqua sperare videamur, ne aut invisa dis immortalibus oratio nostra aut ingrata
esse videatur. Itaque non sum praedicaturus quantas ille res domi militiae, terra
marique, quantaque felicitate gesserit; ut ejus semper voluntatibus non modo cives
adsenserint, socii obtemperarint, hostes obedierint, sed etiam venti tempestatesque
obsecundarint: hoc brevissime dicam, neminem umquam tarn impudentem fuisse,
qui ab dis immortalibus tot et tantas res tacitus auderet optare, quot et quantas
di immortales ad Cn. Pompeium detulerunt. Quod ut illi proprium ac perpetuum
sit, Quirites, cum communis salutis atque imperi turn ipsius hominis causa, sicuti
facitis, velle et optare debetis.
1.  "hac utar moderatione dicendi."    Show that this is a mere rhetorical device. A clxiv. Public Schools Report. 1904
2. Classify the subjunctives in the extract.
3. " velle et optare."    Distinguish.
B. (a.) Translate—
ille simul manibus tendit divellere nodos,
perfusus sanie vittas atroque veneno ;
clamores simul horrendos ad sidera tollit :
qualis mugitus fugit cum saucius aram
taurus, et incertam excussit cervice securim.
at gemini lapsu delubra ad summa dracones
effugiunt, saevaeque petunt Tritonidis arcem,
sub pedibusque deae, clipeique sub orbe teguntur.
turn vero tremefacta novus per pectora cunctis
insinuat pavor; et scelus expendisse merentem
Laocoonta ferunt, sacrum qui cuspide robur
laeserit, et tergo sceleratam intorserit hastam.
1. Note poetical constructions in the first two verses of the extract.
2. " qualis mugitus."    Show that there are two possible explanations of the govern
3. " Tritonidis."    Give the various derivations that have been suggested.
(b.) Translate—
apparet domus intus, et atria longa patescunt;
apparent Priami et veterum penetralia regum,
armatosque vident stantes in limine primo.
At domus interior gemitu miseroque tumultu
miscetur; penitusque cavae plangoribus aedes
femineis ululant; ferit aurea sidera clamor,
turn pavidae tectis matres ingentibus errant,
amplexaeque tenent postes, atque oscula figunt.
instat vi patria Pyrrhus; nee claustra, neque ipsi
custodes suffere valent.    labat ariete crebro
ianua, et emoti procumbunt cardine postes.
fit via vi; rumpunt aditus, primosque trucidant
immissi Danai, et late loca milite complent.
1. Give such a description of an ancient palace as will illustrate this scene fully.
2. Use the extract to show some characteristics of the tone and the style of Vergil.
3. Scan verses 9 and 10.
0.  (a.) Translate—
post ignem aetheria domo
subductum macies et nova febrium
terris incubuit cohors,
semotique prius tarda necessitas
leti corripuit gradum.
expertus vacuum Daedalus aera
pinnis non homini datis ;
perrupit Acheronta Hereuleus labor,
nil mortal ibus ardui est:
caelum ipsum petimus stultitia, neque
per nostrum patimur scelus
iracunda Iovem ponere fulmina.
1. Relate in detail the myth which forms the opening sentence of the extract.
2. "perrupit Acheronta Hereuleus labor."    Scan, noting a peculiarity of quantity.
What is the source of such phrases as Hereuleus labor 1 How would the idea
be expressed in prose 1 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clxix.
C  Translate :—
Als dies mehrere Sage gedauert, ohne dasz eine Aenderung eintrat, befiel auch ihn
eine grosze Traurigkeit; denn er fiirchtete, er hiitte die Liebe seiner Frau auf immer
verloren. Er ging still im Hause umher und sann auf Abshiilfe, doch er wollte ihm
nichts einfallen. Da ging er eines Mittags zum Dorfe hinaus und schlenderte
durch's Feld. Er war ein heiszer Julitag; keine Wolke am Himmel. Die reife
Saat wogte wie ein goldner See und die Vogel sangen; doch sein Herz war voller
Bekiimmernisz. Da sah er von fern die alte Traumbuche stehen; wie eine Konigin
der Baume ragte sie hoch in den Himmel hinein. Es kam ihm vor, als wenn sie
ihm mit ihren griinen Zweigen zuwinkte und wie eine alte gute Freundin zu sich
riefe. Er ging bin und setzte sich unter sie und dachte au die vergangene Zeit.
Fiinf Yahre waren ziemlich genau verflossen, seit er als ein armer Teufel zum
ersten Male unter ihr geruht und so schon getraumt hatte. Ach so wunderschon !
Und der Traum hat f unf Yahre gedauert—und nun ? Alles vorbei! Alles vorbei ?
Auf immer ?
1. befiel auch ihn eine grosze Traurigkeit.    Why does the subject follow the verb?
Are there any other cases of like construction in German ?
2. im Hause—for what is " im " a contraction ?    Name the prepositions which govern
both the Dative and Accusative.    Give examples of " in " governing Accusative.
3. ein goldner See.    " See," decline in full.    Under what circumstances does this word
change its meaning and how ?
D.  Translate:—
Douglas Jerrold once said to a young gentleman who burned with an ardent desire to
see himself in print: "Be advised by me, young man ; don't take down the shutters
until you have something in the window worth looking at."
Translate :—
1. A sleeping fox catches no chickens. 2. He went away complaining that it was
no use talking to people who did not want to understand. 3. A misfortune seldom
comes alone. 4. The hare slept, and in the meantime the tortoise arrived. 5. This
house is for sale, do you wish to buy it? 6. Have the messenger wait, till I write
an answer. 7. Many a one begins what he.will never finish. 8. Please tell me how
this word is written in German. 9. My sister is learning the song, which was sung
at the concert yesterday.     10. Will you be so kind as to lend me your pen.
Senior Academic  Grade.
English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. Prose—
[N. B.—Write on Questions 2, 4, 6, 8, and any two others of Part (a), and on any two of Part (6).]
(a.) Fiction (Ivanhoe, Henry Esmond, Silas Marner).
1. "At this time (i.e., towards the end of the reign of Richard I.) the condition of the
English nation was sufficiently miserable."    State the main causes of the misery.
2. Give some striking evidences of the Saxonism of Cedric.     Discuss the fitness of his
final acquiescence in Norman rule, in view (as.) of Scott's characterisation of him,
and (b.) of the facts of history.
3. " Heroines always touching, but, above all, correct;  young gentlemen irreproachably
brought up, tender and grave, even slightly melancholic."     Show how far this is
applicable to the heroines and to the hero of Ivanhoe. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A cb
3.  " nil mortalibus ardui est."    Explain the construction.
(b.) Translate—
Icci, beatis nunc Arabum invides
gazis et acrem militiam paras
non ante devictis Sabaeae
regibus horribilique Medo
nectis catenas ? quae tibi virginum
sponso necato barbara serviet ?
puer quis ex aula capillis
ad cyathum statuetur unctis,
doctus sagittas tendere Sericas
arcu paterno ? quis neget arduis
pronos relabi posse rivos
montibus et Tiberim reverti,
cum tu coemptos undique nobilis
libros Panaeti Socraticam et domum
mutare loricis Hiberis,
pollicitus meliora, tendis ?
1. "puer quis."    From the description what and who would the lad have been?
2. " libros Panaeti Socraticam et domum."    Whose works are meant ?
3. " arduis pronos relabi piosse rivos montibus."    What principles of Latin order of
words are exemplified here ?
D. (a.) 1. Decline domus, vi, loco.    [Extract B. (b).~\
2. Write in the other degrees of comparison intus, veterum, primos.    [Extract B. (b)A
3. Give the principal parts of divellere, tollit, intorserit.    [Extract B. (a).]
(6.)  1. Illustrate the fondness of Latin for concreteness of expression.
2. " Nee verbo verbum curabis reddere jidus interpres."    Apply this Horatian precept
to the rendering of the following :—He  took  his departure without making
any reply.
3. Translate into Latin—
That is how the case stands, fellow citizens, and it is for you now to consider
what action to take seeing that the prestige of Rome and the well-being of
her allies are thus alike at stake. That prestige is ours in every line, but
most of all in the line of warfare ; and we have inherited it from ancestors
that fought many a bloody war for the protection of allies. Shall we hesitate
to adopt their course as the fitting policy for us to pursue ? And for the
conflict should we not, moreover, choose as commander one not unworthy to
rank with the great generals of old ?
Greek.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Note.—The translation from Greek should be into idiomatic English.]
A. (a.) Translate—
'OpOTTas Se Uepo-ys dvyp yevet re irpoo-yKoiv Bao-iXei /cat ra iroX'epia Aeyoyaevos ev
Tots aptcrTOts TLepo-wv eiriBovXevei Kvpui /cat irpocrOev TroXepvqo-as, KaraXXayels Se.
ovros Kupw elirev, et avrcp Sot?/ t7T7reas y^iXiovs, °rt tovs TTpoKaraKaovras iinreas y
/caTa/cavot av eveSpeuo"as y £<2vTa<s 7toAXotjs avTuiv eXoi /cat KoiXvcreie to{5 /caetv
eVioVTas, /cat TrotTjo-eter o/crTe p,qiroTe 8vvao-Qo.i aijToi)s tSoFTas to K.vpov CTTpdrevpa
BacriXei StayyetAat.
1. to TroXep.ia.    Account for the case. A clxvi. Public Schools Report. 1904
2. Classify the datives in the first sentence of the extract.
3. Turn the last sentence into Oratio Recta.
(b.) Translate—
irdvres 8' obroi Kara eOvy ev 7rAaio"tco irXypei dv$pcoVcov e/caarov to eOvos eiropevero.
irpb Se auTcov dppara SiaXeiirovra crv^vbv drr' aXXyXav to, Stj Speiravycpopa KaXov-
p,eva • et^ov Se to, 8pe-irava e/c tcov d^ovcov ets 7rAdytov dirorerapeva /cat i>7rb tois
8i<f>pois ets y-zjv BXeirovra, cos Sta/cmrTetv otco eVTiryxdvotev. y Se yvd>p.y yv cos ets
Tas rd^eis w 'EAXr/vcov cAcovtcov /cat Sta/coi/'OVTtov. o pkvroi KiJpos etVev are
/caAecras irapeKeXevero Tots "EXAricrt ri)v Kpavyyv tcov Bapfidptnv dveyecrdai,
e\pevo-0y rovro ' ov yap Kpavyy dAAd crtyg cos dvvcrrbv /cat yw^y ev tcrco /cat
BpaSeojs irpocrrjo-av.
1. Discuss concord in the first sentence of the extract.
2. o»s Sta/co7rretv otco evTuyxdvotev.    Account for the mood of evmyavoiev.
3. eXwvra Kat Sta/coi//ovTa.    Explain the construction of these words.
(c.) Translate—
MeTci tovtov 8ed7TOyU,7ros 'AOyvaios ehrev • " il QaXive, vvv, &s o~v opas, ypiv ov8ev
ecrriv dya9bv dXXo el py onrXa /cat apery. SirXa pev ovv eyovres olopeOa, dv /cat
ry apery \pyo~9ai, irapa86vres 8' dv ravra /cat r!av cnypdrav o'repyOyvai. p,y ovv
o'iov rd pova. ypiv dyadd ovra bplv 7rapaS(ocretv • aAA.d crw toutois /cat Trept tcov
bp.erepo>v dyadu>v payovpeda." aKovo-as Se ravra 6 c&aAtvos eyeAacxe /cat etVev •
" AAAd cf>iXoao<jno p.ev eot/cas, co veavtcr/ce, /cat Aiyets ovk dydpira • lo-di pivTOi
dvoyros wv, et oiei dv ryv vperepav dperyv irepiyevecrOai rys /JacrtAecos Suvd/xecos."
dXXovs Se Tij/as etpacrav Aeyetv vTropaXaKi£op.evovs (is /cat Kijpco 7rtcrrot eyevovro /cat
BacriXei dv ttoAAov d£tot yevotVTO, el BovXoiro c/h'Aos yeveaOai • /cat etVe dA.Ao Tt
BeXoi ypycrdai e'ir' eir' Atyinrrov crrpareveiv, crvyKaracrrpeif/aivr' dv avr<2.
1. <piXoo-6<$>io pev eot/cas.    What is the point of this remark?
2. tcrt9i pevroi dvoyros cov.    Name the verbs which take this construction.
3. Point out a looseness of expression in the last sentence of the extract.
(d.) Translate—
/cat ydp otSa dvOp&irovs y8y robs piv e/c 8iaf3oXys robs Se /cat e£ VTro\pias, oi <f>ofly-
devres dXXyXovs, <f>6do-at fiovXopevoi irplv iradeiv, errolyo-av dvyKevra /ca/cd rovs
ovre peXXovras ovr' dv BovXop.evovs roiovrov ouSeV. Tas ovv rotavras dyvoipoo-vvas
vop.t(<i>v crvvovo-iais paXivra dv iraveo-Oai rj/cco, /cat StSatT/cetv ere f3ovXopai cos o~b
ypiv ovk opt9cos aVio-Tets.
npcoTor p,ev ydp /cat p'eyio~rov ot deZv yp.ds op/cot kcoAtjoixti iroXepiovs etvai dXXyXois'
6'crTts Se rovrtav o~vvoi8ev abrif 7rapypeXyKU>s, toCtov eyco ovnror' dv evSaipovio-aip-t.
rbv ydp 6eZv iroXepov ovk ot'Sa ox!t' aTrb troiov dv rdyovs ovre oVot dv Tts (pevyaiv
diro<f>vyoi, ovr' ets irotov dv ct/cotos diro8paiy, ovd' oVcos dv ets e^upbv ^otpiov
diroo'Taly.     trdvry  yap wavra rois Oeois viro)(a, /cat wdvriuv tcrov ot t9eot Kparovcri.
1. Note and account  for an unexpected   change of  construction in the first
sentence of the extract.
2. ot #ecov op/cot.    What is this genitive called ?
3. Show that the tone of the whole passage is illustrative of Greek character.
B.  (a.) 1. "The original force of the Article survives in Attic prose."    What was that
force ?    Give the instances of its survival.
2. Point out the differences between the Greek and the Latin treatment of the
Accusative and Infinitive, and of the Indirect Question.
3. Illustrate the dropping of cr between two vowels in the formation of cases and
of tenses in Greek.
(b.)   1.  Decline together 7toAij {'Scop, avry y ywij, marking the accents. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A clxvii.
2. Exhibit the modal conjugation of twtco in the Second Aorist Passive, and of
<pyp.l in the Present Active.
3. Parse the following verbs  in  Extract  A (d), indicating  their syntactical
relations and  giving their principal parts :   cpddcrai, iradeiv, irapypeXyKuis,
C. Write in Greek—
Thus then it was that Cyrus came to his end, a man who, of all the Persians since
the time of Cyrus the Elder, was the most princely and the most worthy of
ruling, as is admitted by all that knew him.
French.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Translate—-
(1.) Est-ce qu'un jour il ne s'avisa pas de la faire monter avec lui dans le clocheton
de la maitrise, la-haut, tout la-haut, a la pointe du palais. Et, ce que je vous
dis la n'est pas un conte, deux cent mille Provengeaux Font vu. Vous figurez-
vous la terreur de cette malheureuse mule, lorsqu'apres avoir tourne pendant
une heure a l'aveuglette dans un escalier en colimagon et grimpe je ne sais
combien de marches, elle se trouva tout a coup sur une plateforme eblouissante
de lumiere, et qu'a mille pieds au-dessous d'elle apergut tout un Avignon fan-
tastique, les baraques du marche pas plus grosses que des noisettes, les soldats
du pape devant leur caserne comme des fourmis rouges, et la-bas, sur un fil
d'argent, un petit pont microscopique ou Ton dansait, ou Ton dansait. . . .
Ah pauvre bete ! quelle panique ! Du cri qu'elle en poussa, toutes les vitres
du palais tremblerent.
(2.) Je proteste solennellement ici, a la face du ciel et des hommes, contre la violence
qui m'est faite, contre la violation de mes droits les plus sacre"s, en disposant,
par la force, de ma personne et de ma liberty. Je suis venu librement a bord
du Bellerophon; je ne suis pas le prisonnier, je suis l'hdte de 1'Angleterre.
J'y suis venu a l'instigation meSme du capitaine, qui a dit avoir des ordres du
gouvernement de me recevoir et de me conduire en Angleterre avec ma suite,
si cela m'etait agreable. Je me suis presente de bonne foi, pour venir me
mettre sous la protection-des lois de 1'Angleterre. AussitSt assis a bord du
Bellerophon, je fus sur le foyer du peuple britannique. Si le gouvernement,
en donnant ordre au capitaine du Bellerophon de me recevoir, ainsi que ma
suite, n'a voulu que tendre une embuche, il a forfait a 1'honneur et fletri son
(3.) J'exigerais chez tous mes subordonnes des manieres exquises, surtout chez les
employes au departement des arrestations. J'aurais pour les prisonniers de
distinction comme vous des logements confortables en bon air, avec jardins.
Et ne croyez pas qu'il leur en coiiterait plus cher : bien au contraire ! Si
tous ceux qui voyagent dans le royaume arrivaient necessairement dans mes
mains, je pourrais taxer le passant a une somme insignifiante. Que chaque
indigene et chaque etranger me donnent seulement un quart pour cent sur le
chiffre de leur fortune ; je gagnerai sur la quantite. Alors le brigandage ne
sera plus qu'un impdt sur la circulation : impdt juste, car il sera proportionnel;
impdt normal, car il a toujours ete pergu depuis les temps hero'iques. Nous
le simplifierons, s'il le faut, par les abonnements a l'annee.
2. Explain the use of c'est and il est impersonal.
3. What are the disjunctive personal pronouns?    When are they used in French?
4. Give rules for the formation of the plural of compound nouns, and give two examples
illustrating each. A clxviii. Public Schools Report. 1904
5. Translate—
Les premiers jours on s'en tira encore. Ca marche ! Comme je m'en voulais ! J'en
etais la de mes reflexions. II vous riait si bien. II ne s'en tint pas la. Comme
je me suis langui d'elle ! Je pris le parti d'y aller. 11 y avait gros a gagner
avec lui. Je n'en sais pas si long. A tort et a travers. Sachez lui gre. Je
n'avais faim que de sommeil.    II y va de votre vie.    Qu' a cela ne tienne.
6. Translate into French—
From that moment commenced for me a punishment of which the human mind could
form no idea. Every one knows or guesses what a prison may be ; but try to
imagine a living or walking prison, of which the four walls go and come,
separate and come together again, turn and return, rub their hands, scratch
themselves, wipe their noses, shake themselves, exert themselves, and obstinately fix eight big black eyes on the prisoner. I tried walking; my eight-
footed cell regulated its steps by mine. I pushed as far as the frontiers of the
camp; the two men who preceded me stopped short, and I bumped against
their uniforms with my nose.
German.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. So war es damals ; aber es dauerte nicht lange.    Denn eines Tages liess der liebe Gott
zur Strafe die Himmelsthore zumachen und sagte zu den Engeln: " Hort auf mit
eurer Musik; denn ich bin traurig !" Da wurden die Engel auch betriibt und
setzen sich jeder mit seinem Notenblatt auf eine Wolke und zerschnitzelten die
Notenblatter mit ihren kleinen goldnen Scheeren in lauter einzelne Stuckchen ; die
liessen sie auf die Erde hinunter fliegen. Hier nahm sie der Wind, wehte sie wie
Schneeflocken fiber Berg und Thai und zerstreute sie in alle Welt. Und die Men-
schenkinder haschten sich jeder ein Schnitzel sehr wert; denn es war ja etwas von
der himmlischen Musik, die so wundervoll geklungen hatte. Aber mit der Zeit
begannen sie sich zu streiten und zu entzweien, weil jeder glaubte, er hatte das
Beste erwischt; und zuletzt behauptete jeder, das, was er hatte, ware die
eigentliche himmlische Musik, und das, was die Andern besassen, ware eitel
Trug und Schein. Wer recht klug sein wollte—und deren waren viele—machte
noch hinten und vorn einen grossen Schnorkel daran und bildete sich etwas ganz
Besonderes darauf ein. Der Eine pfiff ' a' und der Andere sang ' b'; der Eine
spielte in Moll und der Andere in Dur; Keiner konnte den Andern verstehen.
Kurz, es war ein Larrn, wie in einer Dorfschule.—So steht es noch Leute !
1. Give the principal parts of "liess," "setzten," "fliegen," "nahm" and "pfiff."
2. Hort auf.     "Auf" is a separable prefix.    Name the inseparable ones.    Give two
examples from the extract, with force of each.
3. Eines Tages.    Explain the case.    In what other ways may time be expressed in
German ?
4. Mit seinem Notenblatt.    Name other prepositions which govern the dative, with
examples to illustrate their use.
5. Notenblatt.      Decline in full.      Give  four  other  nouns which follow  the same
B. Da verliess der Ritter sein Schloss und ritt in alle Welt.    Wo er Arine fand, schenkte
er ihnen etwas, und wenn er eine Kirche sah, ging er hinein und betete. Aber
seine Frau fand er nicht. So war fast ein Jahr vergangen da kam er in die Stadt,
wo seine Frau am Kirohweg sass und bettelte, und sein erster Weg was in die
Kirche. Schon von Weitem erkannte ihn die Frau, denn er war gross und stattlich
und trug einen goldenen Helm mit einer Geierklaue auf dem Knauf, der weithin
leuchtete. Da erschrak sie, denn sie hatte erst zwei Goldgulden zusammen, so dass
sie ihn noch nicht erlosen konnte. A clxx. Public Schools Report. 1904
4. " Henry Esmond is a marvellous reconstruction of the Queen Anne period."     Show
that this fitly describes the matter and the manner of the book.
5. " When he is telling us of the quarrel between Marlborough and Webb, there is that
in their manner which reminds us that it is a gentleman's story." Give the touches
which indicate this.
6. Exemplify the " natural irresolution and moral cowardice " of Godfrey Cass, and show
in what way and how fully he is punished.
7. Give such a sketch of a typical evening at " The Rainbow " as will exhibit the quality
of George Eliot's humour.
8. (a.)  "He saw her retreating, the taper lighting up her marble face, her scarlet lip
quivering, and her shining golden hair."
(b.) "Seen at a little distance as she walked across the churchyard and down the
village, she seemed  to be attired in pure white, and her hair looked like the
dash of gold on a lily."
Who are described, respectively?    Contrast the tone of the two pictures, and the
scenes which evoke them.
9. Speculate briefly on what Henry Esmond would have become in the hands of Scott,
and Silas Marner in the hands of Thackeray.
(b.) Lectures (Sesame and Lilies).
1. " A wise and lovely English Lady told me     *****    that she was sure the
Sesame would be useful, but that in the Lilies I had been writing of what I knew
nothing about. Which was in a measure too true." Wherein lies the essential
usefulness of the Sesame ? Discuss the adequacy of Ruskin's view of woman's
nature and of her proper education.
2. " Let us hear the testimony they (i. e., the wisest and the greatest writers) have left
respecting what they held to be the true dignity of woman, and her mode of help
to man."    What authors and works are examined, and what is "the testimony"?
3. "I dreamed I was at a child's May-day party."    Narrate the dream, in Ruskin's man
ner ; and give its interpretation.
B. Poetry—
[N. B.—Write on any two questions of Part (a), and on any three of Part (6).]
(a.)  The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales.
1. Estimate the value of The Prologue as a picture of contemporary life and manners.
2. Reproduce, with quotations, the word-portrait either of   " the finest character in the
company," or of the one that Chaucer paints most humorously.
3. Write the following extracts in modern English, and indicate the context in each
instance :—
(a.)  " So priketh hem nature in hir corages."    (b.)  " In curteisye was set ful moche hir
lest."     (c.) " Ther n'as no dore that he n'olde heve of harre."     (d.) "And
yit this maunciple sette hir aller cappe."
(b.) Longer English Poems.
1. "The two poems (i. e., L'Allegro and II Penseroso) are complementary of each other;
and in both we have unmistakeably Milton, in different moods." Illustrate from
the poems the two sides of Milton's temperament and tastes. Is it clear which
side is uppermost ?    What new feeling may there be marked in the Lycidas ?
2. " Hence at this time among poets swarm the melting philosophers and the tearful
academicians who are given to meditating on man, who are inclined to melancholy,
to discription, to invocation, and who are lovers of abstraction and .allegory."
Exemplify these characteristics of Gray from The Elegy and The Progress of Poesy.
Show wherein he differs from the class of poets thus described. 4 Ed. 7 Public Schools Report. A elxxi.
3. A domestic scene forms part of each of the poems,  The Elegy,  The Cotter's  Saturday
Night, and the lines On the Receipt of My Mother's Picture. Give the substance
of the scene, and note the reflections drawn from it as characteristic of its author.
4. " All he had loved, and moulded into thought
From shape, and hue, and odour, and sweet sound
Lamented Adonais."
Give examples from The Eve of St. Agnes of such " moulding into thought."
C. History of English Literature.
Stopford Brooke's English Literature.
1. State in order the main ex