Open Collections

BC Sessional Papers

REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE FISCAL… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1903

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcsessional-1.0064237.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcsessional-1.0064237.json
JSON-LD: bcsessional-1.0064237-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcsessional-1.0064237-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcsessional-1.0064237-rdf.json
Turtle: bcsessional-1.0064237-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcsessional-1.0064237-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcsessional-1.0064237-source.json
Full Text
bcsessional-1.0064237-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcsessional-1.0064237.ris

Full Text

 REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OE LANDS AND WORKS
OP   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
FISCAL YEAR ENDING 30th JUNE,
1902.
THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Richard Wolkkndbn, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1903  3 Ed. 7 Public Works Report. F 3
REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS,
1902.
To the Honourable Sir Henri Gustave Joly de Lotbiniere, K. C. M. G., Lieutenant-Governor
of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of my Department, in compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Act.
W. C. WELLS,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, January 81st, 1903.  3 Ed. 7 Public Works Report. F 5
PUBLIC   WORKS    REPORT.
South Victoria District.
Tolmie Avenue.
Commences at the corner of Cook street and Sayward Avenue and runs a distance of 1
mile to the main Saanich Road. The first half is within the limits of the City of
Victoria.
Forest cleared 510 feet in length, 10 feet in width.
Grubbed and graded 510 feet in length, 22 feet in width.
Macadamised 1350 feet in length, 13 feet in width, depth 8 inches.
Ditched 228 „ 5 „
.Built 1 culvert, 24 feet long, 2 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cloverdale Avenue.
Commences at Quadra street, at the City limits, and extends a distance of  1 mile to the
main Saanich Road.    About 1,500 feet is completed.
Graded    495 feet long, 18 feet wide.
Filled in 120       u 18 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 30 feet long, 1 foot wide, 2 feet deep.
Main Saanich Road.
Commences at City limits and runs through an undulating country a distance of 5 miles
to the Royal Oak, at the junction of the East and West Saanich Roads.
Macadamised 594 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled    3,476    „    12        „ 6
Built 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Ditched 530 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Repaired approaches and railing on Swan Lake Bridge.
Quadra Street.
Commences at City limits and runs a distance of one mile to Cook street.
Macadamised 738 feet, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Cook Street.
Commences at Quadra street and extends through an undulating country to main Saanich
Road, a distance of two miles.
Gravelled 744 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched   320    „    2        ,, 6 „
West Saanich Road,
Commences at Royal Oak and extends a distance of 10 miles through a partly level and
partly hilly country to North Victoria District.
Re-covered bridge over Colquitz River with plank, 12 inches by 3.
Cut brush off side of road 1,800 feet.
Built 1 culvert, 24 feet long, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled 4,500 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cut off fallen timber during the winter months. F 6 Public Works Report. 1903
Prospect Road.
Runs from West Saanich Road to Prospect Lake, through a mountainous country.
Gravelled 180 feet, 6 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 3 feet wide, 20 feet long, 2 feet deep.
Blasted out rock from one side of road, 3 yards.
Carey Road.
Commences at corner of Saanich and Boleskin Road and extends a distance of 3 miles
to Wilkinson's Cross-Road, through an undulating country.
Macadamized 9,000 feet, 6 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled        2,100    „    9        „ 6
Glanford Avenue.
Commences at Carey Road and extends to main Saanich Road, a distance of 2 miles,
through an undulating country.
Macadamised 5,280 feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Elrick and Hanson Road.
Commences at Carey Road and extends half a mile to Glanford Avenue, through a level
country.
Forest cleared, 2,200 feet, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed, 2,200    m    25
Filled in 100 feet, 3 feet deep.
Built 2 culverts, 24 feet long, 1 foot wide, 2 feet deep.
Army Street.
Commences at Burnside Road and extends to Boleskin Road, a distance of half a mile,
through level country.
Macadamised 960 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Whittier Avenue.
Commences at Burnside Road and extends to Boleskin, through an undulating country,
a distance of about half a mile.
Macadamised 900 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Harriet Road.
Commences at Burnside Road and extends to the Gorge Road, a distance of half a mile.
Forest cleared 2,240 feet, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 2,540 feet, 22 feet wide.
Gravelled 936 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled in 100 feet,   22       „ 18
Built 2 culverts, 22 feet long, 1 ft. wide, 2 feet deep.
Gorge Road.
Commences at City limits and runs for a distance of 3 miles to the Craigflower Road,
following the northern shore line of Victoria Arm.
Gravelled 4,618 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.   .
Repaired sidewalk from City limits to Victoria Gardens.
Burnside Road.
Commences at City limits and extends a distance of 5 miles to Prospect Road, passing-
through an undulating country.
Gravelled 3,720 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 25 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Wilkinson Cross-Road.
Commences at West Saanich  Road and extends to the Burnside  Road,  through an
undulating country.
Gravelled 2,529 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 3 Ed. 7 South Victoria District. F 7
Cavin's Road.
Commences at Burnside Road and extends a distance of 1J miles to Churlton Road,
through an undulating country.
Repaired bridge; 3 new stringers, 10 x 10, 100 feet long; 3 new mudsills.
Butler's Cross Road.
Commences at West Saanich Road and extends through an undulating country a distance
to Happy Valley Road.
Gravelled 3,162 feet, 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Lime Kiln Road.
Commences at West   Saanich Road and extends one and a half miles through a hilly
country to Saanich Inlet.
Gravelled 390 feet, 6 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Telegraph Road.
Commences at East Saanich  Road and runs through a level country to Dawson Farm.
Graded        150 feet, 20 feet wide.
Filled in      300    ,,    18        „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 2,050    u      9        n        8 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 4        n        2 n        45 feet long.
Martindale Road.
Commences   at   East Saanich  Road and runs  east through  a low,  swampy country a
distance of two miles to the shore of Cordova Bay.
Laid brush 1,800 feet, 8 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Gravelled    3,175    „    9 8
East Saanich Road.
Commences at Royal Oak and runs through an undulating country a distance of ten
miles to the boundary of North Victoria District.
Gravelled 8,547 feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 25 feet long, 18 inches wide, 2 feet deep.
„    2        „       20        „        12 i, 2
„    1 „       40        H 12 „ 2
ii    1        ii       36        n        12 ii 2        it
Ditched 2,000 feet, 18 inches wide, 6 inches deep.
Old Cordova Bay Road.
Commences at Elk Lake and runs through a hilly country to the beach at Cordova Bay,
and thence follows the shore, a total distance of six miles.
Cleaned and re-covered 2 culverts, 18 feet long, 1 foot by 1 foot.
Gravelled 2,000 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Graded 600    „
Ditched     1,000    n    18 inches wide, 6 inches deep.
Removed fallen timber off road during winter months.
Telegraph Extension Road.
Commences at East Saanich Road and runs to Happy Valley Road  through a hilly
country, a distance of about a quarter of a mile.
Built 1 culvert, 23 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Graded 100 feet, 18 feet wide.
Mount Newton Cross Road.
Commences at old Mount Newton Hotel and runs through undulating country one and a
half miles to Saanichton. It affords access to Saanichton station, on the Victoria-
Sidney Railway.
Built 5 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep. F 8 Public Works Report. 1903
Cribbed     217 feet, 7 feet high.
Gravelled     75    n    8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched   1,500    n    18 inches wide, 16 inches deep.
Filled in    720    „    18 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Cadboro Bay Road.
Commences at the limits of the City of Victoria and runs through undulating country to
the Giant Powder Works, Telegraph Bay, a distance of five miles.
Re-covered bridge with planks 3 inches by 12 inches by 25 feet long, 26 inches wide.
Gravelled 1,470 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched       705    „    2        „ 6
Sere's Road.
Commences at Richmond Road and extends eastward to the Exhibition Grounds.
Gravelled 225 feet, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Filled in   105    „      6 n 3 feet deep.
Re-planked bridge, 3-inch, by 12-inch, plank, 25 feet long, 20 feet wide.
Cedar Hill Cross Road.
Commences at main Saanich Road and runs two miles eastward through an undulating
country to Cedar Hill Church.
Graded        590 feet, 24 feet wide.
Gravelled 2,000    n      9 n        8 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 32 feet long, 12 inches wide, 12 inches deep.
Tyndale Avenue.
Commences at Scott Road and runs a distance of three miles through an undulating
country to Gordon Head Road.
Gravelled 1,800 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gordon Head Road.
Commences at Mount Tolmie Cross Road and extends through undulating country two
miles to Tyndal e Avenue.
Gravelled 735 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cedar Hill Cross Road.
Commences at City limits and for a distance of five miles passes eastward through undulating country to Cordova.
Gravelled 5,000 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched       438    „    2 8
Built 2 culverts, 26 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Repaired sidewalk from City limits to Cedar Hill Church.
Feltham Road.
Commences at Scott Road and runs through a level country for a distance of one and a
half miles to Gordon Head Road.
Gravelled 225 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Scott Road.
Commences at Cedar Hill and runs through level coumtry half a mile to Tyndale Avenue.
Gravelled 522 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cadboro Bay Cross Road.
Commences at Mount Tolmie Road and passes through an undulating country one and a
half miles to Cadboro Bay.
Gravelled 1,930 feet, 9 feet wide, 9 inches deep.
Graded      "810    „ 24
Ditched       330    „    2 8 3 Ed. 7 South Victoria District. F 9
Sinclair Road.
Commences at Finerty Road and extends for half a mile through hilly country.
Gravelled    96 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched    246    „    2        „ 8
Built 1 culvert, 12 feet long, with 8-inch sewer pipes.
Foul Bay Road.
Commences at Oak Bay Avenue and extends through undulating country one and a half
miles to Foul Bay Beach.
Gravelled 1,482 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled in   1,068    ,,    5        „       18
San Carlos Avenue.
Commences at Oak Bay Avenue and extends for a quarter of a mile to Oak Bay Beach.
Gravelled 675 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Pauline Road.
Commences at Cadboro Bay Road and extends a quarter of a mile.
Gravelled 435 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 12 feet long, 4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Dean's Cross Road.
Commences at the Richmond road and extends through level country one mile to Cadboro
Bay Road.
Gravelled 960 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Mount Tolmie Road.
Commences at Richmond Road and passes through an undulating country to   Mount
Tolmie Cross Road.
Ditched 837 feet, 2 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Oak Bay Avenue.
Commences at City limits and extends to Oak Bay, thence keeping the shore line to Shoal
Bay, a distance of two miles.
Built side-walk 5,000 feet long, 3 feet wide.
Quadra Street and Cordova Bay Road.
Commences at Quadra street and extends in a northerly direction three and three-quarter
miles to the Old Cordova Bay Road. The distance between the City and Cordova
Bay is thus shortened by about three miles.
Forest cleared 9,240 feet long, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 9,240 n 25 n
Filled in 290        „        25
Cribbed 120        „ 4 feet high.
Excavated 49 yards.
Built 13 culverts, 24 feet long, 1 foot wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 6,000 feet of fencing with 1 by 6 lumber, 5 boards high, and cedar posts set 8 feet
apart.
The roads throughout the District, which is largely agricultural, are in good condition and
afford excellent and necessary facilities for light vehicular travel and the transport of produce
and goods to and from the City. All the roads described above are not strictly country roads,
but in many instances are streets giving access to suburban residences immediately outside
the City limits.
The population of the District is about 3,400.    The schools number 12 and post offices 6. F 10 Public Works Report. 1903
North  Victoria  District.
North Saanich Division.
The roads in this Division are among the best on Vancouver Island. The country is
nearly all level, with just enough slope to give drainage. The roads were well laid out and
well made in the first instance, with good side ditches and well crowned centres, and have since
been kept in good repair.
The District of North Saanich was one of the earliest farming settlements on the Island.
The land is fertile and easily cleared. It is all settled now in thriving farms, with large areas
under cultivation. Dairying and stock-raising are largely carried on. Oats, hay and potatoes
are also extensively raised and shipped into town.    Population of North Saanich, about 450.
East Road (length, 5| miles).
This is the main road running through the east side of the Division, from South Victoria
boundary to Shoal Bay. It is the main road from Victoria to Sidney and carries a
heavy amount of traffic.
Gravelled 3,500 feet, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Put in 3 new culverts.
Repaired 1 culvert and cleaned ditches.
Waine's Cross Road.
This road leaves the East Road at Shoal Bay and runs west to the West Road; length,
1J miles. It is used by the farmers at the north end of the peninsula to drive to
Sidney.    There are some fine farms on this road.
Gravelled 2,500 feet, 9 feet wide.
Put in 2 new culverts.
Cleaned out ditches.
West Road.
Commences at South Victoria boundary and runs through the west side of the Division
to the north shore; length, 7 miles. Shell gravel has been used for a surface covering on some miles of this road and wears well. The road is bordered by good farms,
largely cleared. The principal products hauled over it are milk, hay, potatoes and
hops.    Hop growing is an important industry in this locality.
Gravelled 470 feet.
Repaired 4 bridges.
Brushed out sides of road.
School-House Cross Road.
Runs from Union Bay on West Road to opposite Sidney on East Road; length, 1J miles.
The school-house is on this road. Large stock and agricultural farms lie on each side
of it. Part of this road requires coarser material than has been put on it. It is
soft and cuts up in prolonged wet weather.
Gravelled     1,600 feet, 8 feet wide.
Made ditch    100    >,
Downie's Road.
A short side-road running from the north end of the West Road through Mr. Towner's
farm to Mr. Downie's ranch ; length, f of a mile. This road is so shut in by big
trees that it gets no chance to dry after heavy rains. Some of these should be
removed in order to keep the road in good condition.
Gravelled 600 feet, 7 feet wide. 3 Ed. 7 North Victoria District. F 11
Pender Island.
Near west end of Plumper Pass. Greater part of the Island is mountainous. Some
areas of good agricultural land. Potatoes, fruit, cattle and sheep are the chief products
shipped.    School near wharf, on Browning Harbour Road.    Population, 240.
Browning Harbour Road.
Runs from new wharf to Browning Harbour; length, 3 miles. This road runs through
good land, part cleared and cultivated and part timbered. There are several settlers
round the head of Browning Harbour who require this road to the wharf, and to
enable children to reach school. The first half of the road is in good condition.
The half next Browning Harbour has not had much work put on it and is rough and
wet in winter.    Not much vehicular traffic over this road.
Cleared and levelled 325 yards,   8 feet wide.
Ditched and graded 300    n       12 n
Colston's Road.
A branch road from wharf to Colston's farm; length, § of a mile.    A private road through
Colston's farm joins this road to a road running south from old wharf.
Cleared and graded 240 yards, 8 feet wide.
Opened 400 yards for vehicles by blasting and widening rock cut in bluff.
South Pender Island.
Main Road.
Runs from wharf to south end of island; is 3 miles long. This road gives communication
with the wharf to three settlers at the south end of the island. It is about 8 feet
wide and seldom used for waggon traffic.
Re-graded 1,200 feet, 8 feet wide.
Widened road round bluff and fixed guard-rail on outer edge, 120 feet.
Cleared and graded 720 feet new road, 8 feet wide.
Spalding's Road.
Leaves the main road near wharf and runs to Spalding's ranch, a distance of -J of a mile.
This is a very steep road, over a divide, giving access to Spalding's ranch—a good
farm.     The hauling over it is done by sleighs.
Brushed out 420 feet, 12 feet wide, and graded junction with Main Road.
Mayne Island.
Situated on the south side of Plumper Pass. Part of island mountainous, but a large
proportion good land, capable of cultivation. Population by census. 200. School on main
road. Chief products shipped are fruit, potatoes, sheep, cattle and hogs. Quantities of cordwood also shipped.
Point Comfort Road.
Runs from the wharf to Point Comfort Hotel and the Lighthouse; length, 2|- miles. In
summer there is sometimes a good deal of traffic to Point Comfort Hotel along this
road. It also serves a few settlers. The road is graded about 10 feet wide and is
in good condition.    The traffic over it is light.
Built 1 culvert, 10 feet by 2 feet by 3 feet.
Gravelled 150 feet.
Ditched 450 feet.
Put up 100 feet of guard-rail along bank. F 12 Public Works Report. 1903
Village Bay Road.
Runs from wharf to Village Bay ; length, 2| miles. This road gives access to some farms
and a large boarding house at Village Bay. There are generally from 10 to 15
visitors staying here during the summer months. A waggon meets the steamers two
or three times a week in the season. Quite an amount of cordwood is hauled over
the road and some farm produce.    The road is graded 8 feet to 10 feet wide.
Lowered grade on hill by cutting 1J- feet off top.
Filled in gulch, raising it 4 feet.
Gravelled 150 feet.
Ditched 240 feet.
General repairs 600 feet.
Main Road.
Runs from wharf through centre of island to fork of Horton Bay Road and Deacon's
Road ; length, 1| miles. This is the main road of the island, leading to the best
producing farms. The school-house is on this road. It is graded 12 feet to 14 feet.
It has hitherto been covered with broken shale rock, which makes a good smooth
road, but does not wear. It is now being covered with beach gravel where necessary.
There is a considerable amount of hauling over the road, comprising fruit and various
farm products.
Graded up road to centre 2,000 feet.
Brushed out half a mile.
Blasted out stumps.
Graded 300 feet.
Horton Bay Road.
Continuation of main road to Horton Bay ; length, If miles
Cut down number of large trees where road was too shaded.
Graded     300 feet.
Gravelled 600    „
Ditched    150   „
Dean's Road.
This is a new branch road to give access to three settlers.     It is being graded 8 feet wide
along the side of a hill.    The grade is not too steep, and the road will be satisfactory
when finished next season.
Length, when completed, f of a mile.
Cleared, blasted out rocks and graded 1,800 feet.
Galiano Island.
On north side of Plumper Pass, the most part of which is rough, mountainous country-
Some small valleys and flats of good land. Cultivated area small. Some stock, potatoes and
hay shipped from south end of island. Large amount of cordwood shipped. Two schools on
the island, one at south end, near Active Pass, and one at Retreat Cove.    Population 140.
Central Valley Road.
Runs in a circuitous route from the present wharf, across the south end of the island, to
old wharf site; length, 3J miles. It runs through timbered land most of the way.
Several small ranches along the road and one large farm, with 100 acres cultivated
land. Road is graded for an average width of 10 feet, and is a good one for the
amount of traffic over it.    A good deal of cordwood is hauled over the west end of it.
Gravelled 1,200 feet.
New stringer and planking on bridge at Murchison's Bay, 66 feet.
Ditching on Valley Road 5,000 feet.
Grading 5,000   n
Gravelling 2,000    „
Put in 8 culverts and repaired 2 bridges.
Cut out wind-falls.
Cut out and made 1 mile of trail towards Retreat Cove. 3 Ed. 7 North Victoria District. F 13
Salt Spring Island.
A large island lying north of Saanich Peninsula and about 8 miles from Sidney, 20 miles
long by 5 miles wide. The south and west part of the island is mountainous and only suited
for a sheep run. The central and north portion has large areas of good land taken up and
worked by prosperous energetic farmers. Large quantities of fruit, butter, stock and other
farm produce are shipped. There are 5 schools on the island, 1 on the North End Road, 1 at
Ganges Harbour, 1 near Vesuvius Bay, on Central road, 1 between Burgoyne Bay and Fulford
Harbour, and 1 on Beaver Point Road.    Population 560.
Central Settlement Roads (including Bittancourt's and Scott's Roads).
Runs from Ganges Harbour across the island to Vesuvius Bay Wharf; also from Ganges
Harbour to Booth's Canal and along west shore of the lake. Total length, 11 miles.
These roads run through a good farming country, with extensive clearings. The
traffic is large.    Roads have been much improved of late years and are now good.
Forest cleared and grubbed 3,600 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded and ditched 6,000 feet.
Gravelled 3,000   n    6 feet wide.
Put in 10 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
North End Roads (including Pottinger's and Walker's Hook Roads).
Main road starts from church on Central Road and runs along east shore of the lake to
north end of island; branch goes to Fernwood Wharf, and from there runs north
along east shore line. Good land and considerable cultivation round Fernwood. Not
much clearing done yet towards north end.
Graded      7,500 feet.
Ditched     1,500    „
Gravelled  2,400   n    5 inches thick.
Put in 12 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Bullock's Road.
Branch road off North End Road ; about 1 \ miles long.
Trees cleared 2,400 feet.
Grubbed and graded 2,400 feet, 12 feet wide.
Put in 1 culvert, 10 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Mountain Roads.
Main Road starts at Ganges Harbour and runs south, over the divide, through the centre
of island to Burgoyne Bay Road ; length 3 \ miles. A branch road, called Beddis
Road, leaves the main road half a mile south of Ganges Harbour and runs south
along east shore line for 3| miles. Light traffic over these roads, chiefly dairy
produce.
Graded 1,500 feet, 14 feet wide.
Ditched and gravelled 3,000 feet.
Put in 3 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, cedar, 36 feet by 14 feet by 8 feet.
Cranberry Marsh Road.
Leaves Burgoyne Road at junction with Mountain Road and runs west to near Maxwell
Lake; length, 3 miles. Passes several farms with considerable areas of cultivated
land in the first 1^ miles.    West end of road only now being settled up.
Trees cleared and grubbed 400 feet.
Graded 1,000 feet.
Gravelled 400 feet.
Put in 2 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Burgoyne Bay Roads.
Main Road runs from Fulford Harbour to Burgoyne Bay; length, 3 miles. This road
runs through a fertile valley, with good farms on each side for the whole length. A
large amount of farm produce is hauled over the road for shipment, including fruit.
Cattle, sheep and hogs are also extensively raised and shipped from here. F 14 Public Works Report. 1903
Another road leaves the valley road one mile from Burgoyne Bay and runs north to
Mountain Road. Length, including Duke's branch road, 5 miles. This road passes
several good farms and has a considerable traffic in dairy produce, fruit and live
stock.
Graded 1,200 feet.
Ditched 2,400   ,,
Gravelled 7,000   n
Built 1 bridge 18   ,,   by 14 feet.
Isabella Point Road.
Runs from Fulford Harbour south to Isabella Point; length, 3| miles.    Passes some
small clearings.    Some settlers near end of road.    Traffic is light.
Cleared trees and grubbed      650 feet.
Graded 1,500   n
Ditched and gravelled 300   m
Built 1 bridge, 35 feet by 12 feet.
Beaver Point Road.
A winding road, running from Fulford Harbour to Beaver Point on the south-east shore
of the island ; length, 8 miles. A number of settlers live along this road, some
with large and good farms. This is an important fruit-growing section. Large
shipments of apples are made. There is a heavy traffic in cordwood to Fulford
Harbour.
Ditched       300 feet.
Gravelled 3,600    ..
Put in 3 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Fulford Harbour Bridge.
Re-floored part of bridge with 5,500 feet of 2-inch planking.
Ksquimalt District.
 o	
This district has been divided into seven separate road divisions, with a foreman for each
division.    The amount of work done is given under the different divisions as follows :—
Esquimalt Division.
Admiral's Road.
This road runs from Esquimalt Road to Craigflower Road, near Craigflower Bridge, and
is two miles long.
Gravelled 7,000 feet, 6 inches deep, 8 feet wide.
Built one culvert and ditched 600 feet.
Lampson  Street.
Runs from Esquimalt Road to Craigflower Road,   1   mile.    A residential road, with
considerable traffic.
Gravelled 2,600 feet, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Replaced two culverts.
Put in new drain near railway, 56 feet long.
Made general repairs. 3 Ed. 7 Esquimalt District. F 15
Gorge Road.
Runs from end of Lampson Street, on Craigflower Road, to Gorge Bridge ; length, half a
mile.
Gravelled 1,500 feet.
Ditched 1,500 feet.
Replaced one culvert.
Bay View Avenue.
A short road from City boundary to Dunsmuir Road
Graded and gravelled 130 feet.
Esquimalt Road (2|- miles).
This road is the main thoroughfare between Victoria and the Naval Headquarters, Navy
Yard, and the Dominion Dry Dock, at Esquimalt Village; the Victoria Marine
Railway and Dock, near Esquimalt, and the Imperial Barracks and Forts at
Macauley Point. It is lined with residences for its entire length. There is an
immense amount of traffic on this road during the whole year. About 15,000 tons
of freight is hauled over this road annually. The Electric Railway Company give a
15 minute-service from 6 a.m. till 12 p.m., along this road. A four-foot sidewalk
has been put down along the side of the road. This road has more traffic than any
other outside the City.
Graded and gravelled 10,000 feet, from 6 inches to 1 foot deep.
Ditches cleaned out 10,000 feet.
Repaired new culverts.
New sidewalk 600 feet.
Filled hollow at Half-way House, 90 feet by 30 by 5.
Craigflower Road.
This road runs from the City boundary, in Victoria West, to Craigflower Bridge, where
it joins the main road to Sooke, Metchosin, Goldstream, &c. Length, about 2 miles.
It is largely used by people from the country districts, who have business in the west
end of the City.
Gravelled and ditched 750 feet.
Replaced one culvert.
Repaired one culvert.
Built new sidewalk, 1,050 feet by 4 feet.
Constance Avenue.
A short residential street, off Esquimalt Road, near Admiral's Road.
Graded and cleared 150 feet.
Cleared out ditches 150 feet.
Wharf Street (Esquimalt).
The main street of Esquimalt Village.
Cleaned out ditches 300 feet.
Built sidewalk on west side of street 400 feet.
Florence Road.
Runs from City boundary to Lampson Street, crossing the E. & N.  Railway at the
Pottery Works.
Gravelled 900 feet.
Cleaned out ditches 900 feet.
Head Street.
This street begins where Lampson Street crosses the old Esquimalt Road, and runs to
Work Point Barracks, crossing the new Esquimalt Road near the Half-way House.
The traffic to the Barracks and the houses in the vicinity is very heavy.
Cleaned out ditches 600 feet.
Cleared out brush and stumps 150 feet.
Put down broken stone and gravel, 10 feet wide, 800 feet. F 16 Public Works Report. 1903
Metchosin Division.
J. Witty, Foreman.
Metchosin Road
This road begins at the fork of the Metchosin and Sooke Roads and runs to the Quarantine Station at Williams Head, a distance of about 8 miles. For the first three
miles it runs over a level gravel bench. This bench affords good grazing for cattle
during most of the year. There are several ranches taken up some distance from the
road, on both sides, with from 10 to 20 acres each of cleared land. Nearly two
miles of this piece of road has now been graded up and ditched. South of Albert
Head the country becomes more open and farms are continuous on each side of the
road. There are several fine farms, each from 50 to 150 acres in extent of cleared
land. This district raises a quantity of farm produce which is hauled to Victoria.
Potatoes, oats, butter, eggs, poultry and mutton, etc. Fruit-growing promises to
become an important industry.
Graded        1,200 feet, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled    1,200    n    12        h 10 inches deep.
Made two fills 100 feet long, 20 feet wide.
Cribbed 100 feet.
Replanked Albert Head Bridge, 145 feet by 14 feet.
Replaced 10 stringers, 12 inches by 12 inches, 20 feet long.
Brushed out 4,000 feet, 66 feet wide.
Cut down hill 4 feet, 150 feet long
Cribbed 40 feet, 18 feet wide, 4 feet high.
Put in 3 new culverts, 20 feet by 4 feet.
Esquimalt Lagoon Road.
This is a side road off Metchosin Road, leading to some farms on Esquimalt Lagoon.
Length one mile.
Made 900 feet new road, 10 feet wide.
Rocky Point Road.
This road leaves the Metchosin Road at the Church and runs south to East Sooke for 3J
miles. At the head of Pedder Bay it turns to the left and runs through Rocky Point
to the shore opposite Race Rocks Lighthouse. Length 6 miles. The country
between Metchosin and Pedder Bay is undulating and rocky. Rocky Point is a fine
farming area with large tracts of cleared land very similar to Metchosin. A number of sheep, and cattle and good crops of oats, hay, potatoes, etc., are raised.
Graded 300 feet, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled      300    n     12 n 10 inches deep.
General repairs over 3| miles of road.
Put in 1 new culvert, 18 feet by 4 feet.
Sooke Cross Road.
This is a cross road joining Sooke and Metchosin Roads. It leaves Metchosin Road
three-quarters of a mile south of the Church and joins Sooke Road 16 miles from
Victoria. It runs through timbered, hill}' country, with a few farms and small
patches of cleared land on each side. The road provides a short communication
between Sooke and Metchosin Districts.
General repairs on three miles.
Sooke Road
This is part of the main Sooke Road intersecting this Division. It commences at the
fork of Sooke and Metchosin Roads, near Colwood, and runs to the junction of
Happy Valley Road. Distance 2 miles. Sooke Road is the main highway for all
settlers in Otter Point and Sooke to and from Victoria. There is a large amount of
traffic over the road. Two miles in this division run through a generally timbered
plain with a few ranches with small clearings. The road was originally of the same
characte-' as the first three miles of Metchosin Road, a track cleared out on the
gravelly bench and gradually wearing down below the surrounding level. Part of it
has been graded up and ditched during each of the last two seasons. 3 Ed. 7 Esquimalt District. F 17
Graded and gravelled 900 feet, 18 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Cribbed and filled in 50 feet, 4 feet deep.
Made 2 new culverts.
Made general repairs.
Happy Valley Road.
This road runs from Sooke Road, about 2|- miles south of Colwood, through Happy Valley
to the Metchosin Road, which it joins near the Church. Length, 4 miles. A very
good road and practically level. LTsed by the settlers from Rocky Point and East
Sooke to Victoria. There are farms on each side of the road for the whole distance,
and Happy Valley, which this road opens up, is a large, fertile flat which is under
cultivation.
Graded       450 feet, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled   450    n     12 n 10 inches deep.
Put in 1 new culvert, 20 feet by 4 feet.
Made general repairs and brushing out.
Cut out trees and large roots. Cleared all roads in Division after storms of December
3rd and December 25th, 1901.
Sooke Division.
Main Sooke Road.
This is a part of the main road from Victoria, running through Sooke Division to the
south limit of Otter Point Division. In this Division it begins at Happy Valley
Road and runs to two miles south of Sooke River bridge.    Length, 14 miles.
For several miles the country is rocky and hilly, with a few ranches and small clearings
in the hollows. Within two miles of Sooke River a more fertile country is reached,
and south of the river there are several fine farms. The ranchers raise cattle and
sheep. Fruit also grows well. Three stages come to Victoria every week over this
road.
Gravelled, brushed out, ditched and made general repairs from Highland boundary to
Naylor's Hill, 6 miles.
Cut down hill, near Sweatman's, 3 feet.
n ii    Morrow's,      3    n
Blasted rocks and roots between 16 and 18-mile posts, and repaired bridge.
Built 5 culverts.
Gravelled, ditched and made general repairs from Naylor's Hill to west boundary of
division.
Widened road near Indian Reserve.
Built new piece of road up west side of Sooke River.
Removed fallen trees and roots after gales of 3rd and 25th December, 1901.
East Sooke Division.
East Sooke Road.
This is the main road opening up this division. It begins at the head of Pedder Bay and
runs to the south end of the peninsula. Length, 8 miles. The first part of this road
is very hilly and rocky. From Beecher Bay to the south end of the road the land is
better, and along the shore of Sooke Harbour there are several ranches under cultivation. A good deal of development work has been done on mining properties in
this division, both iron and copper. A weekly stage runs into Victoria from the
south point of East Sooke.
Cut down timber, blasted out rocks and roots.
Graded, gravelled and made general repairs.
Built new bridge, 25 feet long; cribbed and filled in 20 feet at each end. F 18 Public Works Report. 1903
Wilson's Road.
A side road to Wilson's farm, 1 mile.
Gravelled part and repaired.
Beecher Bay Road.
A branch road to settlements on Beecher Bay.    Length, about 2 miles.
Gravelled and repaired part, cleared out heavy windfalls and many large roots after gales
of December 3rd and 25th, 1901.
Otter Point Division.
Main Road (from Sooke boundary to Gordon's Road; distance, 7 miles).
This is a continuation of the main Sooke Road from Victoria, continued south-west as far
as the last settlers. It runs through rolling country, for the most part heavily
timbered. The land is a light loam, some gravel; when cleared grows good crops.
The road is in good condition.     A weekly stage runs over the road to Victoria
Cut down brush on both sides of road.
Cleared out side ditches.
Gravelled and repaired road.
Cut down two steep hills at O'Brien's and McGregor's, about 3 feet.
Widened part of road between 25 and 26-mile posts.
Blasted out rocks and stumps.
Main Road (from Gordon's to Muir Creek, about 5 miles).
This is a continuation of the last-mentioned road. From Gordon's to Tugwell Creek it
runs through soft bottom land with heavy timber. Between Tugwell and Muir
Creeks, and on to Coal Creek, the road runs over a gravel bench, with hardpan
below. There are some deep ravines to cross in this section, which necessitated sidehill cutting.
Graded, widened and gravelled part of road.
Cleared, graded and completed 1,100 feet of new road near school.
Blasted out rock and hard pan.
Cribbed up road 100 feet.
Gravelled and repaired road up hill west side of Muir Creek.
Made new road to Anderson's, 1,900 feet.
Built new bridge near school, 80 feet long by 13 feet wide, 25 feet high.
Re-floored and repaired bridge at Scarf's, 33 feet long.
Put in new culverts where required.
Race Course Road.
A side road leading to several good ranches, about 1| miles.
General repairs.
Cleared out trees and stumps on all roads after storms of December 3rd and 25th, 1901.
Highland Division.
Main Sooke and Metchosin, or Craigflower, Road.
This is the main road into Victoria from the south and south-west districts of the Island.
The whole traffic from Sooke, Metchosin, Goldstream and Highland Divisions converges here. It begins at Craigflower Bridge and runs to the fork of the Metchosin
and Sooke Road south of Colwood; length, 5 miles; average width of graded road,
20 feet. The main road is in good condition, subject to the heavy traffic, which is
well maintained.    Six stages run over the road every week. 3 Ed. 7 Esquimalt District. F 19
Gravelled 4,600 feet.
Cut down two hills 3 feet, length 100 feet and 150 feet.
Filled in and widened road 4 feet at bottom of 4-mile hill for 50 feet.
Graded    4,000 feet.
Brushed 5,200    „
Cleared out side ditches 7,000 feet.
Repaired 3 culverts.
Built new culvert.
Filled up holes.
Pike Lake Road.
A branch road leaving main road near 6-Mile House and running north for 2^ miles. It
runs through a rocky and hilly country, with scattered areas of good land. Several
farms along this road.
Re-planked and put new guard-rail on bridge.
Repaired 1 culvert.
Cleared out ditches 138 feet
Filled up holes.
Belmont Road.
A short branch road leaving main road at 7-mile post and running down to the shore at
Rod Hill Fort. There are a few farms along the road and all the traffic by land, to
the fort, goes over it; length, 1J miles.
Replaced 3 culverts.
Cleaned out ditches 100 feet, and filled up holes.
Goldstream Road.
Leaves the Main Sooke and Metchosin Road at 7-mile post and is part of the Victoria-
Nanaimo Main Trunk Road. This section runs to the Goldstream Hotel; length, 4
miles. All the travel to and from Millstream District goes over part of this road.
During the summer and autumn months there is considerable driving to and from
Goldstream Hotel and on towards the Sooke Lakes. The Victoria Electric Railway
Company have their power plant about 1|- miles beyond Goldstream Hotel, and at
times haul heavy loads over this road.
Graded 100 feet.
Cleared out ditches 500 feet.
Filled up holes.
Helmcken Road.
A short cross-road leaving Main Sooke Road about 5-mile post, and running across to
Burnside Road; length, 1-J miles. A few houses and farms on road; not much
traffic.
Replaced 1 culvert.
Filled in end of bridge.
Gravelled 20 feet.
Millstream Road.
Leaves Goldstream Road at E. & N. Railway crossing and runs north through Millstream
and Highland Districts for about 6 miles. The first part of the road is over a gravel
flat and through some farming land. The last 3 miles is through rocky, hilly ground,
very little of which will ever be fit for cultivation. The road passes a limestone
quarry and kiln, which has not been worked for several years. A few settlers on
this road cultivating small farms and raising cattle.
Gravelled 130 feet.
Cleared out ditches 336 feet.
Filled up holes.
Built new bridge, 25 feet long. F 20 Public Works Report. 1903
Re-floored and repaired one bridge, 10 feet.
Filled in each end of old bridge and replaced by culvert 6 feet wide.
Cleared some trees and large root off road.
Cleared off large trees and roots after December storms.
Victoria and Nanaimo Trunk Road.
This road commences at Goldstream Hotel and crosses Goldstream Mountain to Sooke
Lake. From there it runs north along the lakes and over the low divide between Sooke and
Shawnigan Lakes ; thence along the shore of Shawnigan Lake to the boundary of Cowichan
District. Length of road, 23 miles. This road was the only means of travel by land between
the south end of the Island and Cowichan and Nanaimo Districts until the E. & N. Railway
was built. Since the railway was opened there is not much heavy traffic over this section.
From Goldstream the road climbs a mountain for about 1,500 feet elevation and then goes
down, often at a steep grade, to Sooke Lake. The road is fairly good, but the grades are steep
on both sides of the mountain. From Sooke to Shawnigan Lakes the country is well timbered,
with patches of land in places. On Goldstream mountain the Esquimalt Water Works Company have for some years had from 100 to 200 men constantly at work making reservoirs and
artificial lakes, flumes, etc.
Goldstream Section.
Brushed out both sides of road from Goldstream to Sooke Lake, 10 miles.
Repaired 9 culverts.
Put in 2 new culverts.
Corduroyed 60 feet and covered with gravel.
Graded 16,800 feet of road and made ditch on upper side.
Broke and removed all large rock from road; filled in holes and made general surface
repairs.
Between Sooke Lake and Shawnigan Saw-mill (14 miles).
Brushed 4 miles of road.
Repaired 13 culverts.
Made 3 new culverts.
Repaired 3 bridges and filled in approaches.
Graded and ditched 15,000 feet.
Cleared out and repaired ditches and culverts.
Made general repairs over whole road.
Cleared out large number of trees and stumps after storms of December 3rd and 25th.
Port Renfrew Division.
All the work in this Division has been done on trails.    There is only one waggon road in
the district, about 1 mile long, from the wharf to Mr. Baird's farm.
San Juan.
T. Baird, Foreman.
A new trail was cleared out and partly graded from the wharf to the Botanical Station.
Length, 3 miles.    This station was erected by an American Scientific Association.
Cleared out brush and logs on new trail to Botanical Station, 3 miles.
Graded and finished 14 miles of pack trail.
Gordon River.
T. Deakin, Foreman.
A large amount of mining work has been going on for some years up the Gordon River
Valley. A horse pack-trail has been made from the mouth of Gordon River for about
5|- miles, and continued to some large iron deposits on Bugaboo Creek,  3| miles 8 Ed. 7 Cowichan District. F 21
further. This trail opens up the lower half of the valley and allows supplies and
tools to be packed in on horseback. There is good farming land near the mouth of
the river, which has been taken up. The ranchers raise vegetables, poultry and
numbers of cattle, for which they find a good sale at the mines.
Widened and graded 4 miles of old foot trail to make horse pack-trail.
Bridged all streams which trail crosses.
Made 2 miles of new horse pack-trail towards mouth of Gordon River.
Bridged creeks and gulches.
Made 1 mile of new foot trail to outside of bar of Gordon River.
Made horse pack-trail from Mr. Newton's camp to Bugaboo Creek—3J, miles.
Bridged all creeks and cut out hundreds of trees after storm of December 25th, 1901.
Cowichan District.
Bazett's Road (length, 1 mile; 33 feet wide).
Branch of Telegraph Road to Bazett's.    Purposes,  agricultural;  number of settlers,   2;
freight or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 10 tons inward.
Made 1 culvert, 1 foot by 1 foot by 27 feet, and removed fallen timber.
Bench Road (length, 2\ miles; 33 feet wide).
From Old Koksilah Road at Cowichan Station to Corfield P. O.    Purposes, agricultural;
mail route; number of settlers, 5; freight or produce hauled, 150 tons outward,
150 tons inward.
Ditched       195 feet, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,144    n    9 n        4 inches deep.
Cameron & Taggebt (length, 2 J miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Trunk Road to Shawnigan Lake Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers,
8; freight or produce hauled, 10 tons outward, 10 tons inward.
Forest cleared 9,990 feet, 5 feet wide.
Ditched 360    n     3 n 1 foot deep.
■Filled in 15    „  12 „ 1
Gravelled 360    n  10 >>        4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 2 feet by 1 foot.
Removed fallen timber.
Chapman New Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cobble Hill Station to Chapman's.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 1 ;
freight or produce hauled, 5 tons outward, 5 tons inward.
Graded      2,550 feet, 12 feet wide.
Ditched        768    n      3 „ 1 foot deep.
Corduroyed 159    n     10        n
Excavated      21     n    12 n 1 n
Filled in 15    „    12        „        1
Made 2 culverts, 2 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot.
Fenced 2,550 feet.
Removed fallen timber. F 22 Public Works Report. 1903
Copper Canyon Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Lenora Townsite and Chemainus River, foot of Mount Brenton.    Purposes, mining;
country, mountainous; number of settlers, 50; about 100 mining claims, 100 men
employed ; freight or produce hauled, 200 tons inward.
Grubbed 7,260 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded    7,260    ,,    8
Built 2 bridges, 14 feet wide, 22 feet long, 6 feet high.
Carville and Jackson (length, If miles ; 33 feet wide).
Branch of old Koksilah Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 12; freight
or produce hauled, 15 tons outward, 16 tons inward.
Grubbed   450 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded      600    „     12
Gravelled 360    m      8 u      6 inches deep.
Cowichan Lake Road (length, 15|- miles; 33 feet wide).
Sahtlam District Line to Cowichan Lake.   Purposes, agricultural; timber and mail route;
number of settlers, 20;  freight or produce hauled,   150 tons outward,   250 tons
inward.
Grubbed     798 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded     1,929    „     16
Ditched       435    n       \\      n 1 foot deep.
Cribbed 87    „      4 feet high.
Filled in      153    M     16    n   wide, 31 feet deep.
Gravelled    666    n      7    ■■        n    6 inches   n
Made 19 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Repaired 3 bridges, 76 feet long, 15 feet wide.
Forest cleared 1,530 feet, 20 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Removed windfalls.
Cowichan Lake North Shore Road (length, 4 miles ; 33 feet wide).
From foot of lake to North Arm. Purposes, agricultural, timber, and Indian Reservation ; mail route; number of settlers, 15. A number of small mining properties are
served by this road, as also the logging camps ; 100 men employed. Freight or
produce hauled, 100 tons outward, 250 tons inward.
Graded        690 feet, 12 feet wide.
Repaired 2,400    n    with gravel.
Reconstructed culvert, 9 by 12 by 1-J feet.
Removed fallen timber.
Cowichan Lake South Shore Road (length, 9 miles; 33 feet wide).
From foot of lake to Narrows ; purposes, agricultural and timber ; number of settlers, 15 ;
freight or produce hauled, 3 tons outward.
Graded     975 feet,   9 feet wide.
Filled in     42    „    12 „        3 feet deep.
Cleared out windfalls.
Cowichan Lake Landing Road (length, 200 yards; width, 33 feet).
From Cowichan Lake North Shore Road to Landing.    Purposes, shipping freight to
logging camps and mines; freight or produce hauled, 200 tons inward.
Forest cleared 240 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 258   „    18
Graded 258    „    18
Filled in 36    „    20        ,, 1| feet deep.
Cowichan River Road (length, 2 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Duncan to Koksilah Station. Purposes, agricultural and Indian reservation;
number of settlers, 15; 40 Indians; freight or produce hauled, 500 tons outward,
100 tons inward. 3 Ed. 7 Cowichan District. F 23
Grubbed    240 feet,  18 feet wide.
Graded      240   „     18
Gravelled  390    n       9        h        6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert,  14 by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Repaired 3 culverts.
Filled in 33 feet, 12 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Dighton's Road (length, 1 mile; 33 feet wide).
Branch off Trunk  Road to Dighton's.    Purposes, agricultural;  number of settlers, 3;
freight or produce hauled, 3 tons inward.
Graded       60 feet, 11 feet wide.
Ditched    300
11
2
i         1 foot deep.
Cribbed      30
11
12
,
Filled in   180
11
3
i         1 \ feet deep
Gravelled 126
It
9
i        5 inches n
Made 1 culvert, 3 by 3 feet.
Duncan-Sahtlam Road (length, 5 miles ; 33 feet wide).
Branch from Cowichan Lake Road to Sahtlam. Purposes, agricultural; timber and
Indian Reservation; number of settlers, 7 ; 10 Indians ; freight or produce hauled, 5
tons outward, 30 tons inward.
Forest cleared      600 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded                  549    n
12
Ditched                   36    „
3 feet deep
Cribbed                 705    n
2 feet high.
Excavated earth    51    n
12 feet wide, 1-| feet deep.
Filled in                 96    „
8        „          2
Gravelled              270   ,,
7         ii          6 inches deep
Repaired 2 culverts, 12 by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Removed fallen timber.
Glenora Road (length, 3| miles; 33 feet wide).
From old Koksilah Road through Glenora Settlement. Purposes, agricultural and Indian
Reservation; number of settlers, 15; freight or produce hauled, 15 tons outward,
15 tons inward.
Built 1 bridge, 22 by 14 feet.
Howie's Road (length, f mile; 33 feet wide).
Branch of Mountain Road.     Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 1 ; freight or
produce hauled, 5 tons inward.
Graded        150 feet,  12 feet wide.
Ditched      375   „       3
Corduroyed 210   n      12 n
Gravelled    210   n        8        n 6 inches deep.
Indian Road (length, 2-|- miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan River Bridge to Glenora Road.    Purposes, connects Duncan and Glenora;
part Indian Reservation ; freight or produce hauled, 45 tons outward, 45 tons inward.
Removed earth 84 feet, 14 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled,     1,185    n       8        n 6 inches deep.
Removed wind-falls.
Koksilah and Flats Road (length, If miles; 33 feet wide).
From Koksilah Station to Trunk Road.    Purposes, agricultural and Indian Reservation;
number of settlers, 15; 35 Indians; freight or produce hauled,  250 tons outward;
310 tons inward.
Filled in     30 feet, 18 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Gravelled 900   n     10        n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 25 by 3 by 2 feet. F 24 Public Works Report. 1903
Koksilah Riverside Road (length, 5| miles;  33 feet wide).
From Old Koksilah Road to J. Boal's, Jr. Purposes, agricultural and mining; number
of settlers, 20; 15 mining properties, 15 men employed; freight or produced hauled,
20 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Forest cleared 1,650 feet, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 150    n      9 n 6 inches deep.
Removed fallen timber.
Lakeside Road (length, 3J miles; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan Station to Trunk Road at Dougan's.     Purposes, agricultural; number of
settlers, 18; freight or produce hauled, 150 tons outward, 150 tons inward.
Ditched    240 feet,   2 feet wide.
Gravelled 390    n     12 n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert,  18 by 1| by 1| feet.
„     1       „ 18 by 4   by 3      „
Mount Sicker-Westiiolme Road (length, 3 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Chemainus Municipal Boundary to Lenora Townsite; mountainous. Purposes,
mining; number of settlers, 200. Mine shipping, "Lenora"; about 100 other small
mining properties ; 350 men employed ; freight and ore shipped by private railway ;
freight or produce hauled, 200 tons inward.
Graded    459 feet, 11 feet wide.
Filled in    66    ..    14        „ 3 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Repaired 2 bridges.
McKenelly and Doupe Road (length, 2|- miles;   33 feet wide).
Branch of Old Koksilah Road.     Purposes, agricultural :   number of settlers, 7 ;   freight
or produce hauled, 10 tons outward, 5 tons inward.
Forest cleared      2,400 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,320    „     12
Graded 2,400    „    12
Cribbed 480    „      2 feet high.
Excavated earth    240    n    14 feet wide, 2| feet deep.
Filled in 600 8        ., 2 „
Made 1 culvert, 14 by 4 by 2 feet.
Old Koksilah Road (length, 6f miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Cowichan Wharf to Koksilah Station. Purposes, agricultural and .Indian Reservation ; number of settlers, 65 ; 15 Indians ; freight or produce hauled, 270 tons outward, 200 tons inward.
Forest cleared 510 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 330    .,     14
Graded 300    ,,     14
Filled in 570    n     15        M 14 inches deep.
Gravelled      1,683    „     10        „ 6
Made 2 culverts,  18 by 3 by 2 feet.
ii     1        ii 16 ii   4 H   1     ii
Corduroyed 24 feet.
Repaired 2 culverts.
Cleared out fallen timber.
Old School-house Road (length, If miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Old Koksilah Road to Trunk Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers, 6;
freight or produce hauled, 30 tons outward, 30 tons inward.
Ditched      300 feet,    2 feet wide.
Excavated   21     n     14        .. 2 feet deep.
Gravelled     98    m     12 n 6 inches deep. 3 Ed. 7 Cowichan District. F 25
Shawnigan Lake Road (length, 4 miles; 33 feet wide).
From Mill Bay to Shawnigan Lake.      Purposes, agricultural;   number of settlers,  23 ;
freight or produce hauled, 50 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Forest cleared      1,710 feet,    9 feet wide.
Graded                     180    .,    12
n
Ditched                   180    ,,
Excavated earth     129     ,.     12
,,
2 feet deep.
Filled in                  210    ,,    12
ii
4      •'
Gravelled                 300    „    11
M
6 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 1 by 1 foot.
Removed fallen timber.
Sheppard's Road (length, |- mile; 33 feet wide).
From Cobble Hill Road to Telegraph Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers,
12 ; freight or produce hauled, 20 tons outward, 20 tons inward.
Ditched 360 feet, 1 foot wide.
Telegraph Road (length, 6 miles ; 33 feet wide).
From Trunk Road to Whiskey Point Road.    Purposes, agricultural; number of settlers,
14 ; freight or produce hauled, 50 tons outward, 50 tons inward.
Forest cleared 3,750 feet, 6 feet wide.
Graded 1,266    ,.  12
Ditched 336    n    1 by 3 feet wide.
Cleared ditch  1,131     u
Gravelled 180    n  10 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Wilkinson's Road (length, J mile ; 33 feet wide).
From Shawnigan Lake Road to Wilkinson's. Purposes, agricultural ; number of settlers,
11; logging camp, 15 men employed; freight or produce hauled, 6 tons outward,
120 tons inward.
Graded       51 feet, 10 feet wide.
Ditched      60    n      1 by 3 feet wide.
Gravelled 285    n      8 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Replaced    24     n    hand-rail on bridge.
Removed fallen timber.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (length, 32 miles ; 66 feet wide).
From North Esquimalt boundary line (Shawnigan Lake), to South Nanaimo boundary
line (Chemainus). Purposes, agricultural; mail route ; mining, lumber, Indian
Reservation; number of settlers, 1,600; 700 Indians; freight or produce hauled,
9,750 tons outward, 6,250 tons inward.
Forest cleared    4,350 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded
285
tl
12
Ditched
2,472
II
Filled in
1,239
„
10        H        8 feet deep.
Gravelled
6,861
II
10        ii        4 inches deep.
Cribbed
75
M
17 feet high.
ii
81
II
3
ii
45
„
4
Excavated
rock    225
II
4 feet wide.
Repaired 1 culvert.
Made       1       n         16
by
8   by 12 feet.
ii           2
28
it
2    „     2    „
4
18
ii
1|  i,     ll  -,
1
18
„
3    i,     4    „
Repaired 2
Made       1
bridges.
20
14    i,     6    „ F 26
Public Works Report.
1903
Koksilah River Bridge.
Built King truss bridge of 2 spans, 62| feet each ; south approach, 28 feet long; north
approach, 44 feet long; total length, 189 feet. Bridge set upon 3 pile piers, drawn
10 feet; 1 pier double bents on rock; centre pier well braced and sheathed with 3
byT 12. Bridge 17 feet 5 inches outside, 15 feet in clear between trusses; 2 chords
built of 6 by 12 ; floor joists, 3 by 12 ; 20-inch centre; planking, 3 by 12.
Copper Canyon Bridge.
Built bridge 100 feet long, with 20-foot approach ; stringers, 102 feet long; 1 bent at
each end ; Queen truss span 80 feet; 3 stringers, 12 by 12 ; truss timbers, 10 by 12.
Bridge, 9 feet 6 inches wide ; floored with split cedar, railing split cedar.
Clem-clem-a-lutz Bridge.
Repaired bridge, put in 3 new truss timbers, drove 2 sets piles and capped them ; put in
94 new planks and 3 new boom sticks, 80 feet long, in sheer boom. Screwed up and
adjusted truss.
Cowichan Wharf.
Drove 46 piles and straightened approach where damaged by scows; put down 1,300
feet new planking, 400 feet new railing, and new landing steps.
Koksilah River Bridge.
Built bridge, 1 Howe truss 126 feet, resting on framed piers ; " A," east pier ; foundation,
hard pan ; sills, flat cedar; frame, 11 cedar posts; sheer points, width 6 feet, 19 feet
8 inches high, 35 feet long, sheathed with 2|-inch planks.
" B," west pier, pile foundation from former bridge; main sill frame, from 10 sawn posts
with an up-stream sheer point, 4 feet wide, 19 feet high and  27 feet long, and is
sheathed with planks.
Approach, west end, reconstructed, 25 feet.
n        east    n ii 45    n
Truss, 126 feet; total length, 196 feet.
Alberni   District.
Townsite Roads.
Comprised of roads and streets in the towns of Alberni and New Alberni, and a road
connecting the two towns, about two miles in length, following along the borders of
the river flats on a fairly level grade, with the exception of one or two sharp inclines
near new Alberni; crosses three creeks, one of which, Rodger Creek, is of considerable
width,
hauled over it.
This  road  connects  with the wharf,  all the freight of the district being
Forest cleared        126 feet
by
99 feet wide.
Grubbed                  930   i.
14
Graded                   930   n
14
Graded                 3,015    „
14
Gravelled             8,220   „
9
Made 8 culverts       16    ■<
If     ii
by 1J feet deep.
Made 2 culverts    140   n
1
bv 1         ii
Made genera] repairs.
Built new Queen truss bridge over Rodger Creek; total length 565 feet, 18 feet wide, 12
feet high, 50 feet long. 3 Ed. 7
Alberni District.
F 27
Beaver Creek Road (about 14 miles in length).
Commencing at Alberni, traversing a slight incline and crossing several creeks of various
depths.    About 140 settlers, engaged chiefly in farming.
Forest cleared      3,150 feet, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed                2,400
„     16
h
Ditched                3,000
2
ii
Graded                  3,000
n    16
. ii
Corduroyed              150
i,     12
ii
Excavated earth     150
„    20
11
3 feet deep.
Filled in                   150
„    20
It
3
Gravelled              6,900
„      7
II
6 inches deep.
Built bridge              24
ii    14
11
5 feet high.
Made school trail half a
mile.
Generally repaired road for 10 miles.
Somers Road (being a branch from Beaver Creek Road to the Somers Ranch).
Graded     815 feet, 20 feet wide.
Ditched    815    „      2
Gravelled 150    n      7        n 6 inches deep.
Sproat Lake Road (11 miles long).
Commencing at its deviation from Beaver Creek Road it follows the river front for about
2 miles, through level country. After crossing the river, through a broken rocky
country, it reaches the lake, where it follows the shore line through rolling country
heavily timbered. The road is used chiefly by settlers and prospectors ; it is also the
outlet for the Indian Mission and two Indian reservations. There are about 50
settlers in this district.
Forest cleared
2,400 feet,
25 feet wide.
Grubbed
2,400
ii
25
Graded
5,770
ii
15        ,
Ditched
7,995
ii
2
i         1 foot deep.
Corduroyed
270
ii
15
Excavated earth
150
H
10
Filled in
186
H
14        ,
i        3 feet deep.
Gravelled
1,569
H
7
i        7 inches deep.
Made 13 culverts,    15
it
6        ,
2 feet        ii
Built    2 bridges
,     36
ii
141       ,
5J n   high.
Kitsuksus Road (3 miles long).
Commencing in Alberni, traversing the Kitsuksus Creek bottom lands for about 1 mile,
thence through a broken rolling country.    This road is used by about 25 settlers.
Forest cleared
7,746 fe
et, 16 feet
wide.
ii
3,000    i
4
Grubbed
6,480    ,
12
ii
3,000    ,
4
Graded
3,000    i
4
Ditched
1,200    ,
11      ,
both sides of ro
Corduroyed
165    i
12
Excavated earth
320    i
12
i        2 feet deep.
Filled in
105    ,
12
,         11      „
Gravelled
2,532    i
7
i        6   inches deep.
Made 4 culverts
3    i
12
12 feet
Cherry Creek Road (3 miles long).
Commencing at its deviation from Nanaimo Road and continuing through a fairly level
country to its junction with Kitsuksus Road. This road is the outlet for about 18
settlers engaged in farming. .  . F 28
Public Works Report.
1903
Forest cleared 1,725 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,725    „      6
Graded 1,725    „      6
Corduroyed 40    n     12        n
Gravelled 1,890    n      7 n        6 inches deep.
Cut brush 6 feet wide on each side of road for one mile.
McCoy Lake Road (3J miles long).
Commencing at its deviation from Sproat Lake Road, passing through a rough broken
country until reaching the lake; thence through a rich tract of land to its junction
with Sproat Lake Road at a point about 2 miles from its deviation. Used by
about 15 settlers.
China Creek Road (about 13 miles long).
Traversing a rough, broken country, the greater part heavily timbered. This is the
outlet for several mineral claims, one of which, the " Golden Eagle," is working a
force of about 20 men.
Corduroyed 1,326 feet, 10 feet wide.
Made 13 culverts,      10    n      2        m 1 foot deep.
Repaired all bridges, widened out turns on road to allow two teams to pass, removed all
roots and rocks from road, and made general repairs for 13 miles.
Nanaimo Road—Alberni Section (12 miles long).
Commencing at Alberni, there is a steady incline for the first 4 miles, after which the
grade is very steep to the summit of the pass. The decline is steep for about 2 miles
to the cedar flats, which are heavily timbered as far as Cameron Lake. This is the
Stage and Mail Road connecting Alberni, Parksville and Nanaimo.
Forest cleared 1,200 feet,   8 feet wide.
II
240
11
40
II
627
It
99
Grubbed
240
I)
40
ii
627
n
14
n
1,200
400
11
6
20
Seeded with white cl
Dver  240
11
40
i
Graded
666
I,
17
t
1!
1,500
11
12
Ditched
1,300
11
2
Excavated earth
675
II
5
4  feet deep.
Cribbed
600
11
H      i
with cedar.
Excavated rock
20
11
4
3 feet deep.
Filled in
150
11
16
2
Gravelled
140
11
8
8 inches deep
Made 40 culverts,
14
II
1
4 feet deep.
Built 2 bridges,
75
11
12
6 feet high.
McCoy Lake Outlet.
This work was done to allow the lake to regain normal level after heavy rains, the farmers
being unable to work the lake shore land until late in the spring, owing to the high
water.
Blasted out rock, 80 feet long, 4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cut out log-ja.ms and brush for half a mile on creek bank.
Government Office, Alberni, B. C.
Main building, 25 feet by 31 feet by 15 feet high ; store-room, 10 feet by 12 feet:
6 feet by 8 feet; and out-buildings.
porch, 3 Ed. 7 Alberni District. F 29
Protection of Somas River-bank, Town of Alberni.
Piled, planked and protected river bank, 340 feet by 12 feet high.
Granite Creek Trail.   (9 miles in length ; a mountain pack-trail, being the outlet for several
mineral claims on which development work is being done.)
Forest cleared 3,000 feet, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,000    „    6
Graded 3,000    „    6
Made 5 culverts,   25 feet long by 4 feet wide.
Made 2 bridges,    25        n 4        n
Repaired trail for 9 miles.
Santa Maria Trail.    (Used in connection with the Iron Mines, Barkley Sound.)
Forest cleared 6,300 feet, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 10,380    „    3
Graded 966    n    4        n
Made 3 crossings over creeks, 20 feet each.
Effingham Inlet Trail     (5 miles in length; a pack-trail for the use of prospectors.)
Built 5 miles of trail, 4 feet wide.
Clayoquot-Ucluelet Trail.    (Ucluelet Section; a trail used by the settlers of Ucluelet.)
Forest cleared 2,700 feet, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,700    „    6
Cut underbrush 20 feet wide, which was very heavy.
Trail, head  of Ucluelet Arm to Long  Beach, via Wreck Bay.    (A trail connecting
Ucluelet and Placer Mines at Long Beach.)
Forest cleared      4,500 feet, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 1,500    „      1
Corduroyed 210    n      9        n
Excavated earth       25    n      3        n
Widened trail for 10 chains from 12 to 15 feet.
Cut down large trees alongside trail.
Ucluelet Peninsula Road.    (A road connecting the ranches on Ucluelet Peninsula and
Long Beach and Wreck Bay Trail.)
Forest cleared 5,290 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,940    „       6      •  „
Cut down big trees alongside of road.
Bridge, Ferguson Crossing, Bear River.    (A trail for the use of settlers and prospectors.)
Built bridge, 60 feet long by 8 feet wide by 30 feet high.
Forest cleared 13,620 feet, 8 feet wide.
Excavated earth and rock, 16    n    8        n 1J feet deep.
Built 2j\ miles of new trail and repaired old trail.
Browning Pass and Schooner Cove Trail.
Ditched 1,236   feet, 3 feet wide.
Built 7 bridges,    191    „    9 „
Cleai'ed all timber from trail and repaired.
Ucluelet-Clayoquot Trail.    (Clayoquot Section, connecting Clayoquot and Ucluelet.)
Grubbed      4,263 feet, 6 feet wide.
Graded 1,080    „    6
Corduroyed     396    n    9        11
Built 7 bridges, 24 feet long by 9 feet wide.
ti    3      11 31 it 9 it
Repaired existing bridges and cleared off fallen timber. F 30
Public Works Report.
1903
Quatsino Local Roads.    (Roads connecting the different ranches in the settlement.)
Forest cleared 25,650 feet, 8   feet wide.
Graded 25,650
Corduroyed 15
Made 4 culverts,    10    n    3 n 15 feet.
Built 7 bridges,    313    u    long, 3 feet wide, 27 feet.
H
Cape Scott Local Roads and Trails.    (Connecting ranches in the settlement.)
Forest cleared   6,603 feet, 10 feet wide.
Graded 605    „    10
n 300    ,.      3
Corduroyed        2,130 n 12
Gravelled              375 n 7
Made 9 culverts,      8 n 12
ti     2       ii             7 ii 11
by 3 feet,
by 3    ii
Nanaimo City District.
Victoria Road.
From Municipality limits to Stamp's Road, about 1\ miles, being a portion of the trunk
road to Victoria. All the settlers in Cranberry, Cedar, Oyster and Bright Districts
have to use this road to come to Nanaimo, and all the teaming to Extension, South
Wellington and Ladysmith has to pass over this road.
Grubbed 900 feet, 24 feet wide.
Graded    900    i,    24        „
Ditched 900 feet on one side, including 250 feet of same blasted in rock 2 feet deep and
2J feet wide.
Excavated earth 200 feet, 12 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Filled in        n     100    n    25 n 18 inches deep.
Gravelled 6,750 9 n 6
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet long, 2 feet wide by 1 foot deep,
n   11 ii       20        ii 1-Jj- ii 10 inches deep.
„     1 n       30        i, 3 ,. 10
Built 6 crossing bridges 6 feet long, each 12 feet wide by 2 feet high, with four 6 by 6-inch
stringers and covered with 2-inch plank.
Cleaned out 6,900 feet of ditches and cut out underbrush.
Road to gravel pit to get gravel.
Forest cleared 288 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 288    „      8
Grubbed 288    .,      8
Wellington Road.
From City limits to the Millstone River bridge, about \\ miles. This is a portion of the
trunk road to Wellington, Alberni and Comox, and is the main road for all the
settlers in North Nanaimo District.
Built 1 box culvert, 30 feet long, 14 inches wide by 10 inches deep, and cleaned out half
a mile of ditches. 3 Ed. 7 North Nanaimo District. F 31
Harwood-Extension Road.
From Nanaimo City limits to water-works waste weir, about 2J miles.    This road is for
the settlers in suburbs of Nanaimo and Harwood and the miners residing at No. 1
Slope, Extension, and the settlers out in Douglas District, and the road leads to the
Nanaimo Lakes, where there is considerable work being done in developing mineral
claims.
Forest cleared 510 feet, 25 feet wide.
18
18
on one side,
on both sides.
9 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 2 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 27 feet long, 15 feet wide by 3 feet high, with 4 stringers covered with
split cedar and ribbon pole put on.
Cut out wind-falls during the winter and spring months.
Grubbed
510
Graded
510
Ditched
300
ii
500
Gravelled
2,610
North Nanaimo District.
Wellington Road.
From limits of South Nanaimo District to Wellington, 3|- miles. This is a portion of the
main trunk road through North Nanaimo District to Comox and Alberni and there
is a great deal of traffic on same.
Cleared out the ditches and put in 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep,
and cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months.
Wellington and Departure Bay Road.
From Wellington to Departure Bay, two miles through timbered country; for use of the
settlers of Departure Bay and vicinity.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 2 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
General repairs made along one mile of the road in filling up holes, cleaning out ditches
and cutting out wind-falls and brush.
Nanaimo and Departure Bay Road.
From Nanaimo City limits to Departure Bay, 2J miles through timbered country, and
for the use of the settlers at Departure Bay and vicinity.
Filled in 300 feet, 4 feet wide by 2 feet deep, with gravel, brush and rock.
Made 1 box culvert, 140 feet long, 18 inches wide by 10 inches deep, with 3-inch plank.
Made general repairs along line of the road in cleaning out the ditches and culverts,
repairing bridge, filling up holes, cutting brush and cutting out windfalls during the
winter and spring months.
Northfield and Departure Bay Cross Road.
From Northfield to Departure Bay and Hamilton Powder Works Company wharf, about
2 miles through timbered countiy, and for the use of the settlers and the Hamilton
Powder Company.
Ditched 600 feet on one side and filled up the holes along the line of the road. F 32 Public Works Report. 1903
Page's, Crewe's and Manuel's Road.
From Departure Bay to Page's place, about 2 miles through timbered country, and for
the use of the above-named settlers.
Grubbed 300 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded    300    „    12
Ditched  400    n    on one side.
Made repairs along 1 mile of the road in filling up holes, repairing culverts and cutting
out windfalls and brush.
Marshall's Road.
From Departure Bay Road to Marshall's place, for Mr. Marshall's use; about I mile.
Sundry repairs made in filling up holes and cutting out brush.
Robson, Clark and others' Road.
From Wellington and Departure Bay Road to Robson's, about 2 miles through timbered
country, and for the use of the settlers there.
Ditched 300 feet on one side and filled in 30 feet, 14 feet wide by 2 feet deep.     General
repairs made along one mile of the road in filling up holes with gravel and cutting
out windfalls and brush.
East Wellington Road.
From Wellington Road to Kelly and others' places, through open country and for the
use of 10 settlers ; 2 miles.
Ditched 150 feet on both sides.
ii       866    ii    6 feet wide by 3 feet deep to keep the Millstone Creek from washing
out the road.
Excavated earth 100 feet, 18 feet wide by 12 feet deep.
Filled in        „     300    ..    17 „ 4
„     600    „      8 ,, 1
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet long, 14 feet wide by 2 feet high, with 4 stringers covered with
4-inch plank.
Covered 1 bridge, 62 feet long by 17 feet wide, with  3-inch plank, and wheel guard and
hand-railing put on.
Put in a bulkhead,  240 feet long by 3 feet high, with cedar posts  10 feet apart and
planked with 3-inch plank, to protect the road from being washed away by the creek.
Made sundry repairs along line of the road in  cleaning out ditches  and  culverts, filling
holes and cutting brush.
South Wellington Road.
From Wellington to Old South Wellington, about 2 miles through open country, for the
use of 10 or 12 settlers and the Wellington Coal Co's hay farm.
Ditched 300 feet on one side.
Filled in 16 feet, 14 feet wide by 3 feet deep.
Gravelled with ashes 450 feet, 10 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Made repairs in filling up holes and cleaning out the ditches along line of road.
Pearson, McGarrigle and others'  Road.
From South Wellington to McGarrigle's place, about 2| miles, mostly through timbered
country, for the use of the settlers.
Ditched 300 feet on one side.
Gravelled 900 feet, 10 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 2 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Repaired bridge and culverts and filled in holes along line of road, and cut out the windfalls during the winter and spring months. 3 Ed. 7 North Nanaimo District. F 33
Baker, Balagno, Solomon, Thomas, Purkis and others' Road.
From Pearson and McGarrigle's Road to their places, about 1J miles through partly timbered country, and for the use of the settlers.
General repairs made along 1 mile of the road in filling up holes with ashes and cutting-
out windfalls.
Hoskins, Yates and Vipond's Road.
From Wellington to Yates' place, about 1|- miles through heavy second-growth timber,
and for the use of the settlers.
Repaired bridge and cut out brush along line of the road.
Jordan's Road.
From South Wellington Road to Jordan's, about 1 mile, for use of the settlers.
Cut out windfalls and underbrush along the line of the road.
Wellington and Englishman's River Road,
From Wellington to Englishman's River, 17 miles through a timbered country. This is
a portion of the Main Trunk Road through North Nanaimo District and a portion
of the Road to Alberni and Comox, and is the only outlet for the settlers in the
District and there is a great deal of travel on this road.
Forest cleared    600 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 700    n    20
Graded 700    „    18        „ out of side-hill.
Filled in 435    „    18        „ by 3 feet deep.
All of above to lighten the grade at the sand hills.   -
Grubbed 2,034 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded 2,034    „    18
Ditched 6,429    n    on both sides,
it 1,500    ti    on one side.
Gravelled 1,472    n    7 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long,   4 feet wide by 6 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge,   18        n        18        n 4 feet high, on mud sills at each end, with
3 stringers covered with hewed cedar and ribbon-pole put on.
Built 1 bridge, 8 feet long, 20 feet wide by 8 feet high, with 3 stringers covered with
hewed cedar and ribbon-pole put on.
New cribbing put in at the sand hills, 540 feet long, 9 feet high at lowest part and 12
feet high at highest part. Same built with flatted cedar logs laid close on top of each
other, with a good batter, and tied together every 10 feet and securely drift-bolted
with f-inch iron drift-bolts, and all filled in on the inside with earth and gravel.
General repairing done along 8 miles of the road in cleaning out ditches and culverts,
filling up holes, cutting out brush, repairing bridges, etc., etc., and cutting out the
windfalls during the winter and spring months, and shovelling out the slides at the
sand hills during the winter and spring months.
Turner, Pringle, Jones and others' Road.
From Englishman's River Road to the above-named settlers'places, about 2 miles through
mostly timbered country, and for the use of the settlers.
General repairs made in filling up holes, cutting out underbrush and cutting out windfalls.
Hamilton and Tippet's Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Tippet's, about 2 miles through a timbered country,
and for the use of the settlers.
General repairs made along 1 mile of the road in filling up holes with gravel and cutting
out the windfalls.
Rath's Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Rath's place, about 1|- miles through timbered country,
and for the use of Mr. Rath.
Repairs made along 1 mile of the road in filling up holes with gravel, cutting out the
brush and cutting out the windfalls. F 34 Public Works Report. 1903
Beaver Creek Wharf Road.
From Englishman's River Road to the wharf, about 2 miles through a timbered country,
and for the use of the settlers in the district to go to the wharf.
Repairs made along 1 mile of the road in cutting out the brush, filling up holes with
gravel and cutting out the windfalls.
Williams' Road.
From Englishman's River Road to Williams' place, about -\ of a mile, for Mr. Williams'
use.
Grubbed   255 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded     255    „    8
Ditched      45    it    on one side.
Road from Englishman's River to French Creek.
About 6 miles, through a partly timbered country.    This is the outlet for the settlers at
French Creek and Qualicum and is part of the trunk road to Comox.
Grubbed    700 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded      700    „     18
Ditched     955    n    on both sides.
Covered 2 bridges, 20 feet long, each, with split cedar and put ribbon-poles on.
Repaired and filled in the bulkhead at French Creek and tightened up the truss and
lateral rods of French Creek Bridge, and gave the bridge a coat of carbolineum.
Cleared and burned the rubbish around Englishman's River Bridge to make it safe from
bush fires, and tightened up the truss and lateral rods of the bridge, and gave the
same a coat of carbolineum.
Made repairs along 2| miles of the road in cutting out underbrush and logs, cleaning out
ditches, filling up holes and cutting out the windfalls.
Cross Road from Englishman's River to the Alberni Road.
About 2 miles through timbered countr}' and for the use of the settlers.
Grubbed    540 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded      540    ,,    18
Ditched     540    n    on both sides.
Repairs made along 1J miles of the road in cutting out the underbrush and logs, filling
up holes and cutting out the windfalls.
Pillar's Road.
About 1 mile, mostly through timber and used by Pillar and his sons.
Gravelled 384 feet, 7 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Repaired bridge and cut out underbrush and windfalls.
Weigle's Road.
About 2| miles, from Comox Road to Weigle's place, through timber country and for the
use of the settlers.
Sundry repairs made along the road in cutting out logs, underbrush and windfalls.
Hamilton's Road.
About 2 miles through timber country, and for the Hamiltons.
Forest cleared 8,800 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 8,000    „      8
Graded 8,000    n      8
Levelled up     3,684    „      8        n
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet long, 14 feet wide by 4 feet high, with 3 stringers covered with
split cedar, and ribbon-poles put on.
Morrison's Road.
TYom Alberni Road to Morrison's, about 3£ miles through a swampy timber country, and
for the use of 10 settlers.
Gravelled 4,812 feet, 7 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Made repairs along 2J miles of the road in cutting out underbrush, logs and windfalls. 3 Ed. 7 North Nanaimo District. F 35
McKibbon's Road.
From Morrison's Road to McKibbon's, about 1 mile through timber country, for use of
McKibbon.
Forest cleared 2,124 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,224    „      8
Ditched 144    n    on one side.
SlMMONDS   AND   OTHERS'   ROAD.
From Morrison's Road to Simmonds and Dunn's places, through timber country, about 2
miles.
Levelled up      1,099 feet, 8 feet wide.
Ditched 855    n    on both sides.
Corduroyed 90    n    10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Cut out underbrush and windfalls.
Fisher's Road.
From  Morrison's  Road   to  Fisher's place,   1  mile through timber country, and for Mr.
Fisher's use.
Grubbed  5,280 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded     5,280    n    8 n and cut out the windfalls.
Hellier's Road.
From Alberni Road to Hellier's place, 1J miles through timber country, and for the use
of Mr. Hellier.
Cut out the underbrush, logs and windfalls along line of the road.
Comox Trunk Road, in North Nanaimo District.
From French Creek to the Big Qualicum, 12 miles through timber country, being the
trunk road to Comox and the outlet for the settlers of Big and Little Qualicum and
vicinity.
Ditched 2,580 feet on one side.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
General repairs along 9 miles of the road in filling up holes and cutting out underbrush,
logs and windfalls.
Built a bridge across the Little Qualicum on a built crib at the north end, 16 feet wide
by 10 feet high, and filled same in with earth and gravel.
Built crib at south end, 594 feet long, 13 feet wide by 3 feet high, and filled same with
gravel.
Built a King Truss Bridge, 49 feet long, 14 feet wide by 14 feet high, on the crib at
north end and on the old pile bent at the south end, and covered the whole of the
bridge and 70 feet of the approaches with 3-inch plank, wheel-guards and hand-
railing put on, and gave the bridge a coat of carbolineum.
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road, in North Nanaimo District.
From Englishman's River Road at Craig's place to the head of Cameron Lake, 22 miles
through a timbered country, and the 5 miles around Cameron Lake has been mostly
cut out of the rock. This is a portion of the trunk road to Alberni and is also the
outlet for the settlers who reside along the first 7 miles of the road.
Graded        6,762 feet, 13 feet wide.
Ditched      6,762    t.    on one side.
Gravelled  10,470    n    8 feet wide by 3 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
General repairs made along 16 miles of the road in cutting out logs and brush, filling up
holes, cleaning out ditches, taking out roots and stumps, repairing cribbing and rock
walls at Cameron Lake, shovelling out slides, repairing bridges and culverts, and
cutting out the windfalls during the winter and spring months. F 36 Public Works Report. 1903
South  Nanaimo  District.
Main Trunk Road—Chase River to Ladysmith.
This road is a continuation of the Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road, and covers a distance of
14 miles between the two points, running through wooded country, and is used principally by farmers resident throughout the District to take their produce to Nanaimo
and Ladysmith markets.    The traffic is considerable and gradually increasing.
Forest cleared 2,508 feet, 35 feet wide.
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched
Excavated earth
n ii
ii rock
Filled in
n
Gravelled
it
Built 7 culverts, averaging
Main Trunk Road, between Ladysmith and Chemainus.
The length of this portion of the Trunk Road is 6 miles between points, and runs through
timbered land. It is used only by farmers and dairymen, to the number of about
10. Two miles of it will be abandoned this year, being replaced by a new road
with easier grades.
5,312
„     16
it
4,052
>,     16
tl
2,232
3
11
3,000
.,     10
II
H
feet deep.
750
i,     10
..
6
ii
30
,,     18
11
3,000
„     10
II
11
12
ti
225
„     18
II
5
i,
894
„     20
,,
2
ii
450
8
II
18 inches deep
30
„    by 20
byH
Forest cleared
600 feet,
35 feet wide.
tt           tt
600    .,
25
Graded
300    ,.
15
Ditched
390    ,t
both sides.
Excavated earth
450    ii
side-hill, 7 feet deep.
Filled in
75    n
18 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Gravelled
280    ..
8        ti        18 inches deep
Built 6 culverts, averaging
14    „
3 feet.
Tightened up bridge rods and cleared out ditches.
Bank Protection,  Haslam Creek.
This necessary work was done in order to prevent the further washing out of the river
banks and public highway. Nine men and 1 team employed. 38 piles were driven
and the same planked 6 feet up from bed of creek with 3 by 12 planking; tied every
alternate pile to a snobby. Filled in behind the planking with brush and 3 feet of
rock and the balance with gravel.
Bank Protection, Nanaimo River.
Owing to erosion by the river, the banks of alluvial soil are being washed away and the
river encroaching on the public road, which runs alongside.
Fifteen men and 5 teams were employed to level off the bank of the river.    Dug a trench
at bottom 2 feet deep and 3 feet wide, laid a matting of brush 1 foot thick, 20 feet
wide by 220 feet in length, with 2 feet of rock on top of brush, and built a wall of
rock 200 feet long and 2 feet deep.
Westwood's Road.
Branches from Nanaimo and Wellington Road at East Wellington, in Mountain District.
Used by a few settlers.
Built a bridge 10 feet long, 17 feet wide, 3 feet high; placed 4 cedar stringers on cribbing
and covered with 3-inch planking, and ribbon-pole put on. 3 Ed. 7 South Nanaimo District. F 37
Badcock's Road.
Branches from Westwood's Road and runs to Badcock's Ranch, through timbered land.
Built a bridge 10 feet long, 15 wide, 2^ feet high, on 3 stringers, and covered with split
cedar.
Raised 1 bridge and put covering on.
Cut out underbrush from both sides of road for f of a mile.
Thetis Island Road.
Commences at a point near the sea-shore and extends inland for a distance of 4 miles.
This road became impassable with fallen timber, and has now been cleared for a distance
of 6,900 feet.
Forest cleared 2,100 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,980    „      9
Grubbed 1,500    „      8
Built 3 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 18 feet.
This road accommodates 6 settlers.
Nanaimo Extension Road.
Commences at Chase River and runs to Extension Mines, a distance of 3|- miles, through
timbered country.    Mail route from Nanaimo.
Forest cleared       900 feet, 18 feet wide.
Graded                1,200    .
,    18
11
Ditched             12,000    i
on one side
Cribbed                  150    .
14
II
Excavated earth   900    i
3
It
it         rock       18    t
4
II
3 feet deep.
Filled in              1,550    .
6
II
Gravelled            2,100    i
10
II
9 inches deep
Built 5 culverts, averaging 1 by 20.
Greenway and Thomas's Road.
Branches off the Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road, at Greenway's and leads to Thomas's,
1 mile long.    This work was performed by J. Greenway for a stated sum.
Repaired a bridge and constructed f of a mile of road.
Built a culvert 14 by 2.
Haslam Creek to Waterloo.
Branches off the Trunk Road at Haslam's Creek and extends to Waterloo, near the E. &
N. Railway, about a quarter of a mile, and is used by about 10 settlers.
Grubbed 80 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded 80    .,    20
Excavated earth 60    n    16 n        3 feet deep.
Completed Waterloo Bridge; filled in approaches 80 feet long and 20 feet wide, 4 feet
deep.
Alexandria and Extension Road.
Commences at South Wellington and runs a distance of 2| miles through wooded country
towards Extension Mines. This road was for the purpose of connecting the two
places direct, but owing to the residents of Extension moving to Ladysmith and the
closing down of the mines at South Wellington, the road is still unfinished, and will
remain so for the present.
Forest cleared 7,200 feet, 20 feet wide.
16
16
on one side.
9 inches deep. .   ,
by 1 foot.
by 14 by 4 feet.
The main span is a King Truss, 50 feet long; 8 bents, 20 feet apart, resting on mud-sills,
braced and bolted, and covered with 3-inch planking.
Grubbed
7,200
Graded
7,800
Ditched
900
Gravelled
825
Built 3 culverts,   15
Built one brid
ge, 90 F 38 Public Works Report. 1903
Davis Creek Bridge.
On Trunk Road between Ladysmith and Chemainus, at Davis Creek, is 200 feet long,
17 feet wide and 18 feet in height, and rests on cedar piles, 4 piles to each bent; piles
driven about 7 feet and 20 feet apart; each bent is 12 by 12 by 18 feet, and braced;
caps bolted with f-inch by 24-inch drif c-bolts; 4 stringers, planked with 3 by 12;
ribbon-pole and hand-rail; end of bridge rests on cribbing; the approach at south
end is cribbed on both sides of road 125 feet, and filled 5 feet at ends.
Hong Kong Bridge.
On Main Trunk Road, about 1 mile from Nanaimo River. Re-planked with 3 by 12 by
16 feet; 143 feet in length ; 8 mud-sills of cedar, 16 by 12 inches ; 16 new braces, 3
by 7, well spiked.
Gravelled 300 feet of road, 12 feet wide and 12 inches deep.
Cleared culverts and ditches to Nanaimo River.
Nanaimo River Bridge.
Screwed up rods, tightened and painted bridge with carbolite corbolineum.
Wharf, Gabriola Island.
Put on addition and 8 feet on each side; drove 14 piles, and placed caps, stringers and
braced same.
Texada Island, Main Road.
This road is 6 miles in length, and commences at Van Anda Wharf and runs through
wooded country to the Iron Mine, on the west side of the island. The purpose of
this road is more in the interest of the miner and prospector than the farmer, and is
contiguous to many mining properties in course of development. Two farmers are
located on the island at present.
Forest cleared      325 feet, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 910    „    10
Graded 3,031
Ditched 152
Excavated earth  360
ti rock    205
Filled in 355
10
on one side.
10 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
8 „ 2§
8        ti 3        ii
Built 3 culverts, 2 feet by 2 feet by 12 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 26 feet long, 12 feet wide and 4 feet high.
Considerable work was done last winter in keeping the road clear of fallen timber and
washouts.
Wharf, Texada Island.
Owing to the exposed position of this wharf to the sea the storms of winter handle it
roughly. Three piles, 35 feet by 2 feet, put in place and secured with 12 braces ;
planked and spiked on cribbing; 4 drift-bolts driven through caps and piles.
Walker's Bridge.
On Main Trunk Road, at head of Oyster Bay. Replaced old bridge, which was in an
unsafe condition, by constructing a new one. Length, 114 feet, with 14 feet waterway, and filled in. approaches at each end 50 feet; cribbed up with cedar logs; waterway cribbed with flatted cedar logs to a height of 6 feet, and spiked with f-inch bolts,
2 feet long, and bridge covered with 3 by 12 planking, 18 feet long.
In connection with the above report I beg to state that my predecessor, who held office
from July to end of October, 1902, did not make a copy of the returns of work but only of the
time sheet. In some instances copies have been made of the work, but do not show where
the work was done ; therefore, I am unable to make a complete return of the work done. 3 Ed. 7 Comox District. F 39
Comox District.
 :o:	
General Repairs.
Cross Road (3 miles from Courtenay; length, 1J miles).
Commences at Bridges' Farm, on Lower Prairie Road, and connects with Upper Prairie
Road at Mat Piercy's Farm ; traverses 1 mile cleared land and J mile heavy timber,
and crosses Portugee Creek.    Land all settled on both sides.
Widened the road from Bridges' corner to the creek, f mile.
Repaired corduroy and 3 small bridges.
Gravelled 3,465 feet.
Black Creek and Oyster River Road (length of section, about 12 miles).
Commences at Salmond's Farm, 9 miles from Courtenay, and runs north-west to the coast,
crossing Black Creek and Oyster River, through cedar swamps and across stony,
red fir ridges. This road is a continuation of the Comox Upper Prairie main road,
and is used by settlers and travellers going north to Campbell River, &c. Number
of settlers, about 30.
The repair work extended from 1^ miles south of to 1 mile north of Oyster River.
Built 8 culverts.
Graded     2,553 feet.
Ditched     1664    „
Gravelled 4,500    n    8 feet wide.
Filled in the old corduroy at Caher's Slough.
Point Holmes Road (length from Beckensell's to Junction, 1^ miles).
Commences at Beckensell's Farm, 3 miles north from Comox wharf, and traverses wet and
heavily timbered country.    Number of settlers, 38.
Repairs were made between Ryan's branch road and the Junction.
Ditched and turnpiked 2,451 feet.
Widened road and cut down large overhanging trees.
Brushed out 2,811 feet.
Repaired culverts.
Knob Hill Road.
From Comox Wharf easterly across Brooklyn Bridge, for 1J miles through cleared land
and red fir, maple and balsam timber. Ground, sandy loam ; all taken up and about
40 settlers.
Made general repairs over all the road.
Graded 2,550 feet.
Made 4 culverts and hauled 105 loads of gravel.
Cut down large trees around the bridge and straightened the creek bed to protect mudsills and foundations.
Burns' Road (length, about 3 miles).
Commences at Parkin's Farm, 3 miles west from Courtenay, traverses heavily timbered
country, wet in places ; used by settlers and terminates at Burns' Farm.
Made 5 culverts.
Ditched     2,250 feet.
Turnpiked 1,200    n    and made general repairs.
Removed old bridge and put in a new cedar cribbing 60 feet by 20 feet by 4 feet.
Built one culvert, 14 feet by 1J by 1J.
Graded hill on each side, and covered over cribbing and culvert. F 40 Public Works Report. 1903
Road from Milligan's To Parkin's (1 mile from Courtenay; 2 miles long).
Crosses the Tsolum River at Rees's; is used as main road by all farmers on south side of
Tsolum River.    Land is cleared on both sides and farmed.
Hauled gravel.
Ditched and made general repairs.
Built new bridge across the Tsolum River at Rees's.
Filled in cribbing at the north and south approaches, and made a new road on south side
from the bridge through Rees's field, 630 feet by 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 750 feet by 9 feet wide.
Lake Trail (length 3 miles).
Commences at Courtenay and runs through wet, heavily timbered land.    Few settlers
beyond the first mile; land nearly all taken up.
Made general repairs on the section nearest to Courtenay.
Forest cleared.
Graded and ditched 1,584 feet and hauled gravel.
Harrigan and Fraser Road.
Commences at a point on the Cumberland and Courtenay Road, 2 miles from Cumberland,
and runs through to Comox Bay at John Piercy's; length, 3 miles; about 40 settlers.
Hauled gravel.
Graded and ditched 792 feet.
Made 3 new culverts and cleared out ditches.
Tom Hardy's Road (1 mile long).
This road is 4| miles north from Courtenay and branches off the Upper Prairie Main
Road.
Ditched and turnpiked 924 feet.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Tom Woods' Road (1 mile long).
This road is 7 miles north from Courtenay and branches off the Upper Prairie Main
Road.
Graded and ditched 360 feet.
Hauled 54 loads of gravel.
Made 1 culvert.
The Back Road from Sandwick to Comox.
Commences at the English Church, Sandwick, and runs along the side-hill above the
Comox Flats for 3 miles, joining the Main Road to Comox Wharf near Section 3.
The road has settlers throughout its entire length and is of great value to travellers
when the lower flat road is flooded during the freshets in winter.
Repairs made at the Sandwick end of the road, from Lewis's to the English Church.
Grubbed and graded 1,500 feet.
Ditched 6,381    „
10 new culverts and tail-drains.
Made general repairs.
Road from Cumberland to Japtown (length 1| miles).
Commences at the boundary of the City of Cumberland and traverses the old main street
of Union past the depot of the Wellington Colliery Company to Chinatown and
Japtown. Dwelling-houses extend on both sides of the road, which is used by all
residents of Cumberland and Union, and the traffic over it is heavy.
Hauled gravel.
Ditched 1,311 feet.
Repaired the bridge near Chinatown by putting in new stringers, new covering and hand-
railing. 3 Ed. 7 Comox District. F 41
Road from Cumberland to Courtenay (6 miles long).
Commences at Government office, Cumberland, and is the main road from the Comox
farming district to the town. It rises between Courtenay and Cumberland about
500 feet and traverses a thickly timbered country, wet and swampy in places.
Made repairs.
Hauled gravel.
Cleared out 600 feet of ditches.
Mat Gibson's Road (2 miles from Courtenay).
Branches off the Upper Prairie Road at John Grieve's farm; 2 miles long.
Ditched 396 feet
Made general repairs.
Smith's Cross-Road.
A new road, 1J miles long, built to connect the road to Creech's with the Upper Prairie
Road. It commences at the corner of Lot 180 and runs on the line between Smith's
and Murton's, through very wet and heavily timbered land. Was built to give
children on lower road access to the school at Grantham, and also for convenience of
settlers on Upper and Luwer Prairie Roads. The land on both sides is taken up
and settled.
Cut out logs and cleared forest 4,620 feet, 30 feet wide.
Road from Comox Wharf to Salmond's (About 12 miles long).
Commences at Comox Wharf and runs northerly through Comox Valley, on the Upper
Prairie; is settled nearly all along the route, and is the Comox farmers' main road
to the wharf.
Made repairs.
Ditched 300 feet and filled in 24 feet by 28 feet wide by 8 feet deep.
Hauled gravel.
Cleaned out ditches.
Made crib at Gordon Creek and repaired bridge.
Road to E. Creech's from Bridges' (5 miles long).
This is a continuation of the Lower Prairie Road, and runs through a very rough and wet
country. From Bridges' to Cunliffe's the land is occupied and settled, but for 3 miles
beyond there are no settlers.
Forest cleared on each side of road 10,560 feet.
Gravelled and fixed up road.
Alex. Cowie's Road (1 mile long).
Branches off the Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road at Fanny Bay and  gives access to the
Cowie Farms.    The road runs through very wet, low alder land.
Cleared 690 feet, 16 feet wide.
Corduroyed     441     n    12 n
Built 2 small bridges, 30 feet by 12 feet by 3 feet.
Gravelled 1,456 feet, 6 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Road from Cumberland to Roy's (4 miles long).
Connects Cumberland with the Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road to Union Bay at Roy's
farm, on the south side of Comox Bay, and is used as a main road through heavy
timber and wet land.
Drilled and blasted out the large rocks, filled in holes and gravelled half a mile.
Made general repairs; cut out fallen timber and repaired small bridges and culverts. F 42 Public Works Report. 1903
McQuillan-Cowie Road (length, half a mile).
This road is about 3 miles from Courtenay, and commences at Rees' south-west corner and
runs on the line between Rees and McQuillan, through heavily timbered wet land to
Cowie's, to give him an outlet.
Ditched        1,353 feet
Corduroyed     303    n    14 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts, and built 1 small bridge, 14 feet by 9 feet by 2 feet.
J. N. Muir's Road (length, 1 mile).
Commences at the English Church at Sandwick and continues past the Cemetery on the
line between the Church land and Duncan's.
Forest cleared 1,062 feet, 24 feet wide.
Ditched 150    „
Graded 600    ,.
Courtenay to Comox Wharf (main road, ?>\ miles long).
Follows the bank of the Courtenay River and crosses the Comox Dyke.
Hauled 161 loads of gravel and filled in bad holes.
Lake Trail and other Roads.
Made general repairs after winter storms; cut out fallen trees and repaired broken
culverts.
Valdez Island.
During February, 1902, cut out fallen timber from main road.
Main Road from Cape Mudge to Heriot Bay (length, about 9 miles).
Used by settlers. Runs through heavily timbered and wet land. Post office and Government Wharf at Heriot Bay.
Repaired road from the School-house, near the centre of the island, to Drew Harbour and
Heriot Bay.
Forest cleared, ditched and graded 8,016 feet, and put in necessary culverts and removed
the old skids from the road. Made a side-hill cut to avoid the beach, 840 feet long
by 12 feet wide.
Quathiaski Cove Road.
Commences at the wharf in Quathiaski Cove, and connects with the main road, and is
about one mile long. It gives an outlet for the settlers to the Post Office and wharf
at the Cove.
Ditched 150 feet.
Gravelled 300 feet, 10 feet wide.
Read Island.
Made repairs from the steamboat landing to Bird Cove.    Cleared out 4 miles of trails
and repaired small bridges.
Cortez Island.
Made  repairs  on  the  Whaletown  and   Clytosin  sections.      Repaired   the  bridge  to
Marquette's.
Cleared out fallen timber from all the roads. 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Richmond Riding). F 43
Road from Lund to Oakover Point on Malaspina Inlet; distance 3 miles.
Runs through a difficult country, over steep, rocky hills, heavily timbered. The road is
used by pre-emptors and prospectors going from the Inlet to Lund, where there is a
wharf and Post Office.
Made the road as far as the summit of the hill overlooking Malaspina Inlet.
Graded 6,555 feet, 10 feet wide.
Built 4 small bridges and 2 culverts and removed rocks and stumps.
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road.
From south side of Comox Harbour to Big Qualicum River, in the Comox section; 24
miles long. Is the only route by land from Comox to Nanaimo.
The Upper Section, from the starting point on Roy's farm on the south side of Comox Bay,
to Union Wharf, is 6 miles long, and the roads from Cumberland and Courtenay
connect with it at Roy's. The Trent River is crossed by a truss bridge and the road
follows the coast line, about one-half mile inland, to Union Bay, through heavily
timbered land, in places wet and swampy. There are no heavy grades on this section.
The land is not cultivated along this section.
Repairs were made to the road 1|- miles below Roy's, a new piece being built to avoid
two railroad crossings. This piece was thoroughly ditched and gravelled, and 8 new
culverts made. Repairs were continued for about two miles. One small bridge was
built, 8 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet, and 5,328 feet was gravelled.
The Lower Section, from Union Bay to Big Qualicum River, is 18 miles long. The road
runs for the most part through a heavily timbered country ; in several places it comes
out on the beach and follows the shore. There are several steep grades on this section,
viz., on the south side of the Tsable River and on the north side of Rosewall River,
and a long grade on sandy soil from the south end of Deep Bay to the summit of the
hill above Thames. It crosses the Tsable River, Coal Creek, Cougar Creek, Waterloo
Creek and Thames Creek by truss bridges. Few settlers live along the road except
at Fanny Bay.    A difficult road to keep open during the winter storms.
Made repairs on road from 3 to 5 miles.
Graded, widened and ditched 8,904 feet.
Gravelled 8,541 feet.
Built 9 new culverts and 1 bridge, 50 feet by 16 feet by 3 feet, at Scott's Creek.
Cut logs and brushed out trees.
Anderton's Road (length \ mile; 3 miles from Comox Wharf).
Traverses dry, sandy ground covered with fir timber.     Land taken up on both sides.
Cleared, grubbed and graded the road 2,508 feet long by 12 feet wide.
This road is dry and in good repair.
Westminster   District.
Richmond Riding.
Gibson's Landing, Sechelt and East Road (approximate distance, 10 miles—Elphinstone
Settlement, Howe Sound).
The country in general throughout this settlement is very broken and uneven. It has all
been covered with immense-sized fir and cedar timber, but fires have destroyed large
tracts. There are still, however, very extensive areas which have escaped the fires.
The soil is generally light, and in places poor and rocky, while in other parts it is
good and produces good crops. There are about 20 settlers, mostly married. Very
little produce is shipped. There is a school and Post Office, a saw-mill and shingle-
mill, and an oil and glue factory. F 44 Public Works Report. 1903
Removed stumps, roots and boulders 4,250 feet.
Graded 5,220 feet by 16 feet wide, and 502 feet by 14 feet wide.
Moved     400   n    of fence back 16 feet.
Ditched   940   n    2 feet by 1 foot deep, and cleaned and deepened 720 feet.
Forest cleared, logged and grubbed 400 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 15,400 feet, 16 feet wide.
Cut and removed logs and brush on both sides of the road 6 feet wide, and filled and
graded holes 15,400 feet.
Forest cleared 1,320 feet, 33 feet wide.
Logged, grubbed, blasted and graded same 26, 20 and 16 feet, respectively.
Forest cleared 15,840 feet, 33 feet wide, logged 20 feet wide, grubbed and took out stumps
18 feet wide, and surface graded 16 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 34 feet long by 12 feet wide by 10 feet high.
,i     1       ,i      30        „ 10        „ 4
Laid 1,050 feet of corduroy (cedar), 4 inches by 10 feet long.
Cut and removed fallen timber to sides of road 11,560 feet by 20 feet wide.
Manning Road and Grant and Leckie Road (running north and westerly from Gibson's
Landing and Sechelt Road, 1J miles).
Forest cleared   600 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,500
Cut and laid     900
Excavated 150
Made 2 culverts, 12
Built 1 bridge,    30
12
corduroy, 4 inches thick by 10 feet long.
12 feet wide, 2 feet deep,
by 2 feet by 2 feet.
12    ,1        6    „
Cut and removed brush, logs and roots, and filled in and graded holes where required.
Squamish Valley and Pemberton Trail (extending from the Cheakamis River to Pemberton Valley).
This trail is the shortest and most direct route from Squamish to Pemberton. The total
distance between the two points is 60 miles, of which length 10 miles is a good
waggon road through the lower portion of the Squamish Valley. The trail throughout passes through a very wild and mountainous country, which has every indication
of being rich in minerals. There are immense bodies of timber in the valleys, on the
mountain sides and around the numerous lakes. Many of the valleys and flats are
composed of rich soil, and if proper facilities were given, no doubt they would be
settled upon. Pemberton Meadows contain, approximately, 35,000 acres of the very
best of land. The climate is equable, and abundant crops could be raised. The
grazing is good, but owing to its present isolated position there are only about 20
settlers.
Cut and removed fallen timber from the trail and repaired bridges.
Westminster and Hastings Old Road.
This road extends between Westminster and Vancouver, passing through Burnaby and
Hastings Townsites; distance about 9 miles. There are about 100 settlers resident
along the length of this road, who use it daily, besides a very large amount of transient travel. The land is mostly good, but all more or less timbered, some of it
heavy in the vicinity of Burnaby Lake, and along its shores there are some very
considerable clearings in a high state of cultivation, on which large quantities of
garden stuff and small fruits are raised and hauled to Westminster and Vancouver
markets. There are three shingle mills at Hastings, giving employment to about 80
persons. Post offices at Cedar Cove, Vancouver and New Westminster. There are
several shingle-bolt and cordwood camps, nearly all the employees being Japanese.
The output from these camps is all hauled over this road to Hastings, Westminster
and Vancouver.    Amount of tonnage hauled annually, about 10,000 tons. corduroy 4 inches thick by 14 feet long.
4 „ 16
14 feet wide by 5 feet deep.
8        „ 5        ,i
2        „ 2        „
12 ii 12 inches deep.
3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Richmond Riding). F 45
Forest cleared 4,158 feet, 70 feet wide.
1,000    „    60
Cut, hauled and laid,     530
,i ti 200
Excavated 360
Filled 264
Ditched both sides     1,440
Gravelled 330
Cut and removed fallen timber off road after storm of 25th and 26th of December.
Bowen Island Wharf and Road.
The wharf is located at the head of Snug Cove and is a small floating structure, built of
cedar logs fastened together in sections, which rise and fall with the tide. A steamer
calls daily. There are about nine families living on the island who are benefited by
this wharf.    The following repairs were made last year:—
Drilled hole in rock and put in new ring bolt, and set with lead.
Put in one new anchor chain and two new sheer booms, with chains and toggles, and new
connecting bolt with nut and key.
The road begins at the wharf, running back inland about half a mile, where it branches
off; one branch going north-westerly about 2| miles, the other westerly about 2
miles.
There are several quartz mines on the island, upon which considerable money has been
spent in development work. There are also several shingle-bolt camps, mostly
employing Japanese. Very little produce is shipped, except small fruits and potatoes.
Post office and school at Snug Cove.
Westminster and Vancouver Trunk Road (within the bounds of Burnaby Municipality)
Total distance through the Municipality, 4| miles. This highway extends between
Vancouver and New Westminster, and in its course intersects the Municipalities of
Burnaby and South Vancouver. Nearly all the land on either side of the road has
been subdivided into small holdings, ranging from half an acre to six acres, and
numbers of them settled upon. There are several very good residences with clearings,
the number of residents being about 400. Post office at Central Park, near the
electric tram line. The traffic over this road, annually, does not fall short of 6,000
tons—general produce and bricks.
On the south side, for a distance of 2,400 feet, the stumps, roots and logs have been
blasted, cut and removed back 18 feet; a new ditch has been cut and the old ditch
filled in, and the space between the new ditch and the old roadbed graded up, thereby
increasing the width of the road to about 28 feet, the work being performed under
the direct supervision of the Burnaby Municipal Council.
Boundary Road Between Hastings Townsite and Burnaby Municipality.
This road extends in a southerly direction from the Westminster and Hastings old road and
intersects with the Westminster and Vancouver trunk road ; distance, about 3 miles.
About 25 settlers use the road, it being their only outlet. The land is all subdivided
into small holdings, and the residents are mostly engaged in market gardening and
the cultivation of small fruits. Post offices, Central Park and Cedar Grove. No
lumbering or mining. Amount of tonnage hauled over the road, about 200 tons.
Produce, cordwood and shingle bolts.
Forest cleared 2,720 feet, 10 feet wide by 5 feet on each side.
Graded 660    „    14
Cut and laid       660    n    of corduroy, 4 inches thick by 10 feet long.
Rose Hill Road.
West of Westminster city boundary, being part of the North Arm trunk road, which
extends from Westminster to Eburne, and running parallel with the north arm of
the Fraser River; distance, 1 mile. About 20 settlers live along the Rose Hill
portion of the road.    The traffic on the road is very heavy, consisting of cordwood, F 46 Public Works Report. 1903
shingle bolts and farm produce.    Land all subdivided into small lots, producing small
fruits.    Post office at Westminster.    Approximate tonnage annually hauled, 3,000
tons.
Cut brush and timber 12 feet wide on both sides.
Cleaned and deepened ditches and filled in holes on the road with gravel for a distance of
2,641 feet.
Moodyville and Lynn Creek Road and Trail.
The road portion begins at Moodyville saw-mill, and extends 1 mile eastward to Lynn
Creek. From this point the trail begins and extends in a northerly and westerly
direction through Seymour Valley to its head, passing over the summit and continuing through the mountain passes to the Squamish ; total distance, 38 miles.
There are about 20 families resident in and about Mood3^ville, 3 families above Lynn
Creek, and 3 or 4 families on the trail towards the upper end of the Seymour Valley.
There is considerable lumbering done in the Seymour Valley, about 70 men being
employed. There are also a number of mining properties towards the summit in
course of development, although ore has not yet been brought out in quantity.
Moodyville and Squamish post offices.
Forest cleared 2,900 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed and blasted 2,000    „      9
Surface graded 2,000    n      9        n
Excavated 60    n      6        n        by 3 feet.
Built 680 feet of plank sidewalk 5 n set on posts with caps 6 inches by 6 inches,
and covered with 3-inch by 12-inch fir plank.
Repaired 1,900 feet of plank road by putting on 60 new stringers, 4 inches by 12 inches by
20 feet long; levelling up the road; removing 215 worn planks and putting in new
3-inch by 12-inch by 12 feet.
Cut, split and laid 190 feet of cedar corduroy, 4 inches thick by 9 feet long.
At Squamish end of trail forest cleared, brushed and logged 52,800 feet by 10 feet wide.
Built bridges and culverts; blasted rock and surface-graded a pack trail 8 feet wide to
the summit.
Hastings-Barnet Road (Construction).
This road commences at a point where the Hastings Street Road leading from Vancouver
intersects the Hastings and Westminster old road in Hastings Townsite, continuing
in an easterly direction to Barnet Mills, where it will connect, when completed, with
the Port Moody and Barnet Road. Total distance, 5.2 miles. It passes through
timber land throughout its entire distance. There are several lumbering, shingle-
bolt and cordwood camps operating along the road. The aggregate number of men
employed would be, probably, about 150. At Barnet there are about 150 men employed in and about the saw-mill. There is no farming on the road at present.
Barnet Post Office on the line of the C. P. R. and on the south shore of Burrard Inlet.
Approximate tonnage, 1,000 tons, principally cordwood and shingle bolts.
Forest cleared 20,271 feet, 66 feet wide.
Logged and blasted   16,950    n    33        n
Grubbed 16,950    ,.    30
Graded 18,560    „    24
Ditched (both sides) 37,120    „    24 feet by 18 inches.
Corduroyed 1,179    n    18 feet long by 6 inches thick, with split cedar.
Made 2 culverts, 24 feet by 8 feet by 4 feet.
Made 5 culverts, 18      n    10      .t      8    n
Squamish Valley Road (Head of Howe Sound).
This road begins at the deep-water wharf and extends to the head of the upper valley, a
distance of about 23 miles, and throughout its course follows the centre of the
valley. There are about 29 settlers, which includes 10 families. The soil is mostly
rich and covered with timber, except about 1,000 acres lying at the mouth of the
valley, which is chiefly open prairie.    There are considerable quantities of hops raised 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Delta Riding). F 47
in the valley, the quality being of the best placed on the London market. The other
products are hay, potatoes, oats, butter, eggs, vegetables, pork, poultry and fruits of
different kinds. First-class beef cattle are also raised. There are large bodies of the
very best quality of fir, cedar and spruce timber, and two camps are being operated,
employing about 50 men. There has been of late a large amount of prospecting done,
and several very good ledges of copper and silver-bearing quartz have been discovered,
upon which development work has been done.
During the months of September and October salmon fishing is extensively carried on off
the mouth of the Squamish River, as many as 80 boats being employed. There is a
post office and store, and a steamboat service to and from Vancouver tri-weekly.
Amount of produce and supplies hauled annually would approximate 1,000 tons.
Removed one 60-foot Howe truss span of the Squamish River Bridge.
Opened 7,900 feet of road, known as the McDougall Road.
Forest cleared 33 feet wide.
Grubbed and logged   14        h        and surface graded 12 feet wide.
Repaired superstructure of Cheekie Bridge and constructed new cribbed abutments.
Re-built 2 bridges throughout, 70 feet and 50 feet respectively.
Forest cleared, brushed and logged, and removed roots, stumps and rocks.
Graded and otherwise repaired and improved the road for a distance of 15 miles.
Lot 301, adjoining the   south   boundary   of   Vancouver   (Westminster and Vancouver
Trunk Road, between Westminster and Vancouver; total distance, about 1 mile).
Throughout this lot and on both sides of the road the country is settled, the holdings
being small, varying from one-sixth to ten acres, all more or less in a state of cultivation, with comfortable and commodious dwellings. Large quantities of small fruits
are annually raised; there are also several dairys, the products of both finding ready
sale in the markets of Vancouver and Westminster. There is also a nursery and a
brewery. Post office at Mount Pleasant. Approximate tonnage hauled over the
road annually, about 7,000 tons.
Repaired sidewalks.
Cut brush 1,800 feet, 5 feet wide.
Cleaned ditches 1,200    n
Macadamized      1,452    n  12        h        6 inches deep.
Gravelled 300    „  12        „        9
Graded 500    n  20 n and for an equal distance removed broken and
worn corduroy, and replaced with new, 6 inches to 8 inches thick by 18 feet long.
Road on line of 21st Avenue, Lot 301.
This road extends at right angles between the North and Cemetery and Westminster
Avenue Roads, and when completed will connect with both. Total distance, about
2,840 feet. The land on the line of this road is all subdivided into small lots, and
many dwellings have been erected. It is the outlet for about 15 families. There is
one post office in the vicinity.
Forest cleared            1,452 feet, 33 feet wide.
Graded                         1,452    „    20
Grubbed and logged  1,452    n    22        n
Ditched                        2,904    „    24 inches by
14 inches.
Filled                                66    „    20 feet wide,
5 feet deep.
Made 2 culverts, 30 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
Made 1 culvert,   22      u      3      n      3    n
Delta Riding.
New River Road, East Langley.
This road extends in a westerly direction to Langley Village, along the south bank of
the Fraser River, total distance about (j\ miles, and passes through a good agricul- F 48 Public Works Report. 1903
tural and grazing locality. There are about 40 settlers who use the road regularly.
Post office at McLennan's Landing. It is not a mail route. The amount of freight
hauled over the road is comparatively light, nearly all the produce being shipped by
river steamers. Principal products are stock, hay, grain and dairy. There are no
mines, lumber camps nor saw-mills.
Cut, hauled and placed 30 loads of brush to form foundation for grade.
Graded 4,806 feet, 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 3,168 feet, 8 feet wide, averaging 10 feet deep.
Gravel had to be hauled 2 miles.
Yale Road.
Extending from the Brownsville hill, near South Westminster, to Otter school-house;
approximate distance, 16 miles.
This section of the above road passes through the Municipalities of Surrey and Langley,
mostly agricultural. The number of settlers living on either side of this section
would number at least 200 families, and the amount of freight passing over it
annually would approximate 5,000 tons. There are 4 post offices, viz.: Clayton,
Langlejr, Prairie and Otter.
Cut 39,264 feet of brush,   10 feet wide.
Cut 1,800    ii „ 5
Graded        3,225     u    averaging 30        n
Cut 1,200    ti    ditches,     18 inches deep.
Cut 630    i, „ 5J „   by 3|.
Gravelled  11,198    n    9 feet by 10 inches deep.
Hauled and laid puncheon and raised the surface of the road-bed 12 inches by 10 ft. wide
across the Serpentine Flats.
Cut by steam dredge 8,320 feet of ditch, 40 feet across the top by 25 feet across the
bottom. This work was undertaken and carried out for the purpose of preventing
the road from being flooded, and since completion the results have been highly satisfactory.
Built 1 bridge on pile abutments ; span, 42 feet; V truss, 14 feet wide, covered with 3
by 12-inch plank.
Partly built 1 bridge on pile abutments, with 56-foot span ; 3 bents, 14 feet wide, covered
with split cedar.
Town Line Road through Surrey and Langley.
Commencing at the 4-Mile Post on the Yale Road, and extending in an easterly direction
to Langley Village, and passing through Tynehead and Port Kells, a distance of 10
miles. About 50 settlers use this road regularly throughout its length. There are
three post offices, viz., Tynehead, Port Kells and Langley. The farming is somewhat
mixed, the principal industries being stock-raising and dairying. Approximate
amount hauled annually, about 700 tons.
Graded 7,320 feet by 16 feet wide.
Split, hauled and laid 3,102 feet of corduroy, 10 feet long by 3 inches thick.
Hauled and spread 1,800 feet of gravel, 9 feet wide, averaging 8 inches deep.
Cleaned 900 feet of ditches.
Cut a ditch across the Salmon River Flats from high land to high land, distance about
3,224 feet, having a width of 40 feet across the top and 30 feet across the bottom,
with an average depth of 9 feet, the material taken out being formed into a road
having an average height of 7 feet and a roadway 12 feet wide, the slopes of sides
from base to top 1|- to 1.
Built a bridge across Salmon River 84 feet long, having one span of 44 feet, with truss
and 2 spans of 20 feet each, resting on piles ; 4 runs of stringers throughout; truss
timbers and caps and stringers, 10 by 12 inches; tension rods, 1^ inches diameter;
flooring, 3 by 12 inches, with substantial hand-rail. All the material of superstructure is sawn fir. 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Delta Riding). F 49
Jackman and River Road.
This road extends from Jackman's Corners, on the Yale Road, and runs north to Mc-
Lennan's Landing on the Fraser River, opposite Wharnock Station on the C. P. R.
Total distance from Yale Road to Fraser River, 7 miles. It passes through a tract
of good agricultural land, undulating and covered for the most part with light second
growth timber. There are about 18 settlers, many of them having considerable
clearings under tillage, with orchards. Produce consists of hay, potatoes, oats,
butter, eggs, poultry, sheep and other stock. Post office at Jackman's Corners. No
mining or lumbering. Amount of freight hauled over this road annually, approximately, 200 tons.
Cut down a hill.
Forest cleared 900 feet by 10 feet wide.
Blasted and grubbed 360 feet, roots and stumps.
Grade reduced by cutting down hill, 4 feet to 7 feet by 14 feet wide.
Earth fill of 350 feet by 14 feet wide, averaging 5 feet deep.
Graded 1,000 feet by 15 feet wide, with ditch on upper side of road 12 inches by 14 inches.
Yale Road (from the boundary between Langley and Matsqui Municipalities westward to
Shortreed's ; distance through this section, 2 miles).
This road is very much travelled, a large amount of freight being annually hauled over
it. On both sides of the road, extending some miles north and south, it is settled,
there being at least 60 families. There are two post offices and one store. Produce
raised comprises cattle, sheep, poultry, fruit, butter, eggs, etc., which is mostly hauled
by waggons right through to Westminster and Vancouver.
Cut and removed brush and logs on both sides of the road for a distance of 9,000 feet.
Graded 9,000 feet.
Made 3 culverts, 24 feet by 8 feet wide by 2 feet deep,
ti     6        ii       18      ti     18 inches     n      2        n
Gravelled 7,200 feet, 8 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Delta Trunk Road.
This is a branch of the Yale Trunk Road extending from Ladner's Landing and intersecting with the Scott and Kirkland Roads. Distance from point to point, 9 miles.
This road passes through one of the richest and most highly cultivated districts in
the Province. At Ladner's Landing there is a saw-mill and about 10 canneries,
giving employment to about 1,000 people. Post office, hotel and several stores.
There is also a creamery. The amount of produce hauled over the road must be
fully 10,000 tons annually.
Gravelled 3,000 feet by 12 feet wide by 12 inches deep.
Gravel had to be hauled H- miles.
Town Line South.
Intersecting the Yale Road at Murray's Corners ; distance to Glenwood, 4 miles, and running south to the Glenwood and Hall's Prairie Road. Post office at Murray's Corners.
About 14 settlers. Land good in quality but most of it heavily timbered. Some
very considerable clearings and improvements made. The produce hauled over the
road is limited, and consists mostly of butter, eggs, poultry, fruit, etc. No lumbering nor other industries.
Forest cleared 150 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded 300    „    20
Excavated       300    n    20        n        by 10 feet deep.
Filled in 150    „    16 6    „   high.
Built 1 bridge, 175 feet long, 16 feet wide by 10 feet high.
McLennan Road.
Commencing at its intersection with the Kirkland and Semiahmoo Road, Mud Bay, and
extending eastward through Surrey Centre, Boothroyd's Corners and Cloverdale to F 50
Public Works Report.
1903
Murchison's Corners, Langley, where it connects with the Yale Trunk Road ; distance,
about 7 miles. It passes through a good agricultural district with well cultivated
and stocked farms, numbering about 60 families. Post offices at Surrey Centre and
Cloverdale. Two saw-mills are in operation at the latter place, giving employment
to about 40 men.
Cut brush on both sides of the road a distance of 5,000 feet by 12 feet.
Graded 1,900 feet, 20 feet wide.
Cut 360 feet ditch, 18 inches by 24 inches.
Repaired 3 corduroy culverts and 1 bridge.
Gravelled 800 feet, 10 inches deep by 10 feet wide.
Dewdney Riding.
Mission Townsite Boads.
Comprising all the street allowances within the townsite which come directly under the
control of the Government.
The total approximate length opened is about 4 miles, and repairs have been made as
undermentioned. The number of residents in and around this place, and who make
it their shipping and trading place, would be at least 250. The district for several
miles around is entirely agricultural, the products being sheep, cattle, poultry, pigs,
grain, hay, apples, and many varieties of small fruits; of the latter two, there is a
much larger shipment made from this point than from any other point in the Province. There is also a creamery and a condensed milk factory, giving employment
to about 40 persons. Post office and stores. The C. P. Railway passes through the
place, and a daily steamboat service to and from New Westminster. Repairs have
been made on line of Seattle, Washington, California and Abbott Streets, as follows:—
Graded        225 feet, 12 feet wide,   2 feet high.
Ditched   1,380    „      2        „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled   855    n    12        n 10 inches deep.
Built        1,000    it    of sidewalk, 3 feet wide, covered with 2-inch by 12-inch plank.
On Horne Avenue, overhauled plank road, put in new mud-sills, posts and new planks
where required.
Downie Street.
Graded
660 feet, 10 feet wide.
it
375    „    20
Excavated
180    .,    12        „        10 feet deep.
Filled
195    ,i    20        „          2   „   high.
Ditched
600    ii      3        i,          2   n   deep.
Gravelled
1,000    M     10        it         15 inches deep
Made 2 culverts,
28    „      1 foot by 1 foot.
Washington Street.
Forest cleared
2,298 feet, 66 feet wide.
Grubbed
2,049    „    30
Graded
2,010    „    30        i,        1   foot deep.
Filled
462    „    30        ,i        3,L feet high.
n
33    ,.    10        „        9
Ditched both sides,
3,465    ti      3 by 2 feet deep.
Excavated
330    it    30 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Made 1 culvert,
30    ,i    by 3 feet by 3 feet.
.,     1
27    „         1        „     1 foot.
Abbott Street.
Grubbed
50 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded
100    ,.    30
Ditched
100    ii      3        ii          2 feet deep.
Gravelled
100    ii    10        ii        15 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts,
28    ,.      1 foot by 1 foot. 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Dewdney Riding). F 51
Cade Road.
Graded 945 feet, 10 feet wide.
California Street.
Graded 400 feet, 30 feet wide.
Excavated 30    n    10        u 6 feet deep.
Filled 100    „    30        „ 6 feet high.
Ditched 637    h      2 „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 177    „    12 „ 10
Hatzic Prairie Road.
This road begins 2| miles south from Stave Lake, passing southerly and westerly through
the Upper and Lower Hatzic Valley, part of Mission Municipality, and terminating
at Mission City ; distance from point to point, about 14 miles. There are about 40
settlers who regularly use the road in whole or part to reach the Mission, which is
their trading place. The country is all more or less timbered, except the Hatzic
Prairie, which is open prairie of the richest quality, but is subject to overflow.
Stock-raising, dairying and fruit of different varieties constitute the principal products. There are several lumber camps along the shores of Stave Lake, which give
employment to 70 or 80 men. Post office at Hatzic Prairie. The amount of freight
hauled over the road, annually, would be approximately about 1,000 tons.
Re-covered and otherwise repaired 8 bridges, aggregating 662 feet long, and drove 116
cedar piles; put in new caps, sills and posts, stringers, braces and hand-rails, and
re-covered 432 feet with split cedar, 4 inches thick by 14 feet long.
Pitt River Road.
Passing through Sapperton, Lot 6, and Coquitlam Municipality to Pitt River; total
distance, about 9^ miles. The only portion maintained by the Government is that
which passes through Lot 6, a distance of about 3,000 feet. This road, throughout
its entire length, passes through an agricultural and partly timbered district. The
number of settlers who use it as an outlet is about 50. The travel is heavy, large
quantities of farm produce, cordwood and shingle bolts being hauled over it daily.
Approximate tonnage annually, about 2,000 tons. On Lot 6 the Ross-McLaren
Mills are situated, which, if in operation, would employ about 250 men. There is
no post office nearer than Sapperton or Coquitlam.
Gravelled 630 feet, 12 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Coquitlam Bridge.
Took up flooring of 120-foot span; removed and renewed joists where required; re-covered
floor with 3-inch by 12-inch fir plank; overhauled and repaired truss; tightened up rods
and bolts; built 2 approaches, 38 feet and 73 feet, respectively; covered with 3-inch
by 12-inch plank, 16 feet long, and graded up the road at end of the approaches.
Port Moody and Westminster Trunk Road.
The main highway between New Westminster and Port Moody, passing through Sapperton and the Municipalities of Burnaby and Coquitlam; total length, 5 miles. Only
1| miles of this road, which is within the Port Moody Townsite, is maintained by
the Government. There are about 100 families in and around the townsite who use
this road regularly. There is a saw-mill, shingle-mill, ship-yard, and two or more
logging camps in operation, giving employment to about 100 men. The land is
mostly timbered and requires clearing, but when cleared is of fairly good quality for
farming purposes. It is all divided into town lots and small holdings, small fruits
and vegetables being produced in considerable quantities. Outside the usual vehicular
traffic, a large number of teams are engaged daily hauling cordwood and shingle
bolts over the road. Annually, the tonnage hauled over the road would amount to
2,000 tons.    Post office at Port Moody.
Ditched 198 feet, 18 inches by 24 inches.
Split, hauled and laid 330 feet of corduroy, 4 inches thick by 14 feet long. F 52 Public Works Report. 1903
Extension of Road on line of John Street, Port Moody Townsite.
This road and a sidewalk was built for the accommodation of the residents on its line,
and also to enable worshippers to reach the Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches;
total length, 2,880 feet.
Forest cleared and graded,    1,650 feet, 33 feet and 20 feet wide, respectively.
Ditched both sides of road, 3,300    n
Excavated 40 lineal feet of earth, 18 feet by   5 feet.
Made 60 „ „       fill,  18        ,,    12    „
Made 2 culverts, 4 feet by 4 feet by 21 feet,
nit, 2        „     2 „    50    „
Cleared and brushed on each side of road, 5,000 feet.
Built 1,650 feet of sidewalk, 4 feet wide.
Dewdney Trunk Road, Section One.
Starting from the pipe-line road at the railway crossing, Coquitlam Junction, then following along the northern side of the railway to the west bank of Pitt River, where a
ferry is operated, the road then continuing east and south to Port Hammond, where
it connects with the Port Hammond Road. From this point it extends north, then
easterly along the line of the centre section road to Stoney's Corners, 2,640 feet east
of Webster's Corners, where the section ends. The total length is about 15 miles.
About 7 miles of this road has been newly constructed, and about 6 miles partially
built, improved and repaired. This road passes through Pitt meadows and Coquitlam
and Maple Ridge Municipalities. The district is entirely agricultural, consisting of
stock-raising, dairying and mixed farming. Large quantities of apples and small
fruit are raised at Maple Ridge and shipped to different points. The settlers number
about 200. There are no mines or lumber camps. At Port Haney there are two
brick-yards in operation, giving employment to 20 or 25 men. Post offices at
Coquitlam, Port Hammond, Port Haney and Webster's Corners.
Forest cleared 13,720 feet, 66 feet wide, and 7,220 feet, 60 feet wide.
858    „    15
5,700    n    56
Grubbed 2,640    „    21
Blasted and logged   4,620    n    60
,i    grubbed 27,000    .,    20
Graded 2,805     .,     21
2,474    ii    25 ,i    partially graded, 2,640 feet, 20 feet wide.
Split, hauled and laid 198    n    of corduroy, 4 inches thick by 16 feet long.
„     1,344    ,. „ 4 „ 12
Filled with earth 660    n    2i feet deep by 16 feet wide.
i, it 792    ,i    4 „ „    25        „
223    ii    5 „ „■   20
Ditched 5,280    „    2|       n „      2|
McDonald Road, North Lillooet (Maple Ridge Municipality).
This road, from its intersection with the Lillooet River Road, runs due north about 2
miles, and gives an outlet to about 5 or 6 settlers. The land is low and marshy
prairie of good quality, and will become very productive when proper drainage has
been obtained. There is veryT little hauled over the road, it being merely a means of
getting to and from their places by the settlers. Post offices at Port Hammond and
Port Haney.
1,340
5,280
„    33
„    50
2,474
24,600
to to
O Oi
Forest cleared   3,300 feet, 25
;eet wide.
Ditched                792    „      4
ti
3 feet   deep.
Gravelled           2,424    „      7
ii
6 inches   n
Made 1 culvert,      16    ,,      3
it
3    ii        11
Built 3 bridges       33    „    12
ii
6 feet high.
Forest cleared   1,320    „    40
ii
Blasted 30 stumps; cleared and burned 1,188 feet of log jams, averaging 40 feet wide by
3 feet deep.
Dug 1,200 feet of new water-course, 10 feet wide, averaging 5 feet deep. 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Dewdney Riding). F 53
Dewdney Trunk Road, Section 2.
Extending from the west bank of Nicomen Slough at Dewdney, crossing the slough and
passing through Nicomen Island to Deroche's Landing, where it again crosses the
slough to North Nicomen, on the mainland, crossing the C. P. R. and running
parallel with it in a north-westerly direction towards Harrison River ; total distance,
about 15-J miles, which comprises the Nicomen Slough Road, Nicomen Island Main
Road, and North Nicomen Road, all of which form direct connecting links of the
Dewdney Trunk Road system. There are about 100 settlers who largely depend on
this road for the transportation of their produce to the different shipping points.
The soil is nearly all of first-class quality, except along the foot-hills through North
Nicomen, where the soil is somewhat lighter ; still, good crops are raised there. The
produce throughout this section comprises sheep and cattle, dairying, hay, roots,
potatoes, vegetables and small fruits, which are shipped to different points. Post
offices at Dewdney, Deroche and Harrison. Approximately, about 1,200 tons are
hauled annually over the road.
Cut and sloped off the west bank of the slough 1,000 feet.
Cut, hauled, laid and wired down brush on the face of slope from low water mark to top
of the bank.
Drove a row of piles, 8 feet apart, and otherwise protected the bank along which the
road runs.
Forest cleared 6,300 feet, 20 feet wide, and 2,175 feet, 40 feet wide.
Excavated 2,460    n      9        n 3 feet deep; 600 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 feet
deep, and 450 feet, 21 feet wide, 3| feet deep.
Gravelled 1,650 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 and 8 inches deep.
it wide.
feet wide, 3
Blasted and grubbed 5,400
„
10
11
and 3,075 feet, 20 feet wide.
Excavated rock
240
n
9
11
6 inches deep.
Cribbed
75
ii
20
11
5 feet high, and 390 feet, 18 f
to 5 feet high.
Ditched
12,066
ii
3
11
averaging 16 inches deep.
it
675
ii
12
II
18 inches deep.
Filled
75
ii
20
11
5| feet high.
11
4,725
M
18
11
3         ti          and graded same.
II
450
M
21
11
12 feet and 3| feet high.
11
675
11
12
r,
18 feet high.
Stoned
12
II
12
ll
1 foot deep.
Graded
3,990
II
18
II
Made 2 culverts,  2 by 2 by 20 feet.
,i    2        ,,       1 by 1 by 20    ,.
Built 1 bridge,   24 feet long, 20 feet wide, 10 feet high.
Repaired and re-covered bridge, 150 feet long.
Blew out 13 large stumps on road and removed 400 feet of fence.
Cut down 25 large cottonwood trees and put in new culvert.
Cut brush and removed logs, etc.
Built 1  bridge across Nicomen Slough, 600 feet long, consisting of 1 Howe truss span,
160 feet long by 16 feet by 16 feet, 3 spans 60 feet each, and 13 spans 20 feet each.
[Full particulars of this bridge can be found in the report of the Hon. the Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works.]
Ditched    1,584 feet, 3 feet wide,    2 feet deep.
11,280    it    3        „ 22 inches deep.
15,720    .,    2        „ 18
ii        13,160    ii    7 it 4 feet deep, and 2-J feet across the bottom.
Made 4 culverts 4 by 4 by 21 feet.
„      4        „       3   „   3  „   21     ,,
,i      1 ii       3   ii   3  it  40    it    and 2 culverts, 2 by 2 by 20 feet.
„      3        „       4  „   2   i,  20    ii    and 9 ,,       4   „   3   .,   20    „
Gravelled    660 feet, 12 feet wide,   9 inches deep.
3,960    „    12 ,, 10
2,640    i,    12         „          12           „ and 150 feet, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Cribbed 300 feet with cedar logs 3 feet high, and 300 feet 4 feet high.       ■      	 F 54 Public Works Report. 1903
Built 2 bent bridges, 51 feet long, 20 feet wide, covered with 3 by 12-inch plank.
ii     1 n 24        tt 20        it tt ii tt
ii     1 n 100        it        20        it 12 feet high, covered with split cedar.
Moved 3 miles of posts and board fence and re-built same 6 feet back; 16,710 feet of
material ploughed in, scraped, trimmed, graded and formed into road-bed 22 feet
wide, averaging 2 feet high, and afterwards rolled.
Drove 178 piles to support superstructure of ferry slips and approaches, also guide piles
and dolphins; length of west slip and approach, 418 feet, 33 feet high, 20 feet wide;
length of east slip and approach, 285 feet, 33 feet high, 20 feet wide.
Built 1 ferry scow, length over all, 66 feet 6 inches, 21 feet wide.
Built freight shed, 36 by 24 feet, shingled roof.
Pulled down and removed Higginson's old wharf to make room for the west ferry slip.
Unloaded  3 carloads of quarried rock, hauled and placed same around abutments and
piers of Coquitlam Bridge; overhauled superstructure and tightened up rods.
Chilliwhack Riding.
Sumas Mountain and Harris Road.
Beginning at Murphy's Landing, on the south bank of the Fraser River, and passing
over Sumas Mountain in a southerly and easterly direction to Sumas Prairie, where
it is intersected by the Harris Road; thence following along the westerly edge of
Sumas Prairie, intersecting with the Yale Trunk Road at Musselwhite's Ranch. No
post office, and no mail conveyed over this road. There are about 16 or 18 families
who are directly benefited by this road, besides transient travel. Very little is
hauled over the road except supplies used by the settlers. There are no logging
camps or other industries. Several ledges of mineral-bearing quartz have been discovered and located, but developmeut work has not been carried on to any great
extent.    Length of the road, 8 miles.
Forest cleared
5,313 feet,
25 feet wide.
it
7,920
,,
6
Grubbed
5,313
n
12
Corduroyed
462
,,
12         ti        3 inches thick.
Cribbed
156
ii
3 feet to 4 feet high.
Graded
15,873
n
12 feet wide.
Filled with earth      126
it
14        ii        4 feet deep.
Ditched
556
tt
3         ii         3        ti
Built 1 bridge,
48 feet by
12
feet by 5 feet high.
ii     1
16      „
12
it       3         tt
II           1                11
54      „
14
tt      3        it
II           1                tt
20      „
12
n      5        it
tt           1                tt
21       „
12
ll           O              ll
ii     4 bridges
, making a
total of 94 feet by 12 feet by 17 feet
Partly built 1 bridge,
110      ,.      12      „       12    „
Made 1 culvert
, 14 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
ii     1       it
12      „
5
ii      3    it
„     3      „
12      „
4
„      4    „
tt   13      tt
14      „
2
tt      2    ii
Porter and Vye Road, Sumas.
This road crosses a portion of the southerly end of Sumas Prairie, running in a westerly
direction, and connects with the Abbotsford and Huntingdon Road about one and
one-half miles north of the latter place. Distance, about 1J miles. Number of
settlers directly benefited, 8, mostly with families, and engaged in dairying and
stock-raising. No estimate can be given of the amount of produce hauled. Post
office at Huntingdon.
Grubbed and graded    1,050 feet, 12 feet wide.
Split, hauled and laid  1,050    »    of cedar corduroy, 4 inches thick by 12 feet long.
Ditched on both sides 1,050    n    by 2 feet by 2 feet. 3 Ed. 7 Westminster District (Chilliwhack Riding). F 55
Abbotsford and Huntingdon Road.
This road, when completed, will extend from the Abbotsford Townsite to Huntingdon,
following along the westerly side of the Mission branch of the C. P. R., and will be
a direct road from Abbotsford to Huntingdon and Sumas City, connecting with the
roads through the State of Washington; distance, about 1.7 miles. It will benefit
the residents of Matsqui, Matsqui Prairie and Abbotsford. Saw-mill on its line,
near Abbotsford, employing about 20 men.
Forest cleared 4,500 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,500    „     12
Graded 525    „    20
Gravelled 600    n      8 n        7 inches deep.
Split, hauled and laid 2,100    n    cedar corduroy, 4 inches thick by 12 feet long.
Ditched 2,100    ,.    by 2 feet by 2 feet.
2,265    i, 3      .,       2    „
Made 13 culverts, 12    ,,    by 3      n       2    „
Built 2 bridges, 30    ,,        12      „       5    „
Sumas Section of the Yale Trunk Road.
Beginning at Cultus Crossing Bridge and following along the south bank of Vedder
Creek and the base of the mountain range, passing through the Chadsey or Majuba
Hill settlement and along the shore of the east side of Sumas Lake to Barker's
Ranch, on the edge of Sumas Prairie, a distance of 11 miles. Mail conveyed over
the road between Sardis and Majuba Hill post offices. There are about 35 settlers
on or near the line of the road who use it regularly, besides which there is very considerable transient travel. I cannot give any accurate estimate of the amount of
produce or supplies hauled annually, but would say at least 1,000 tons. School at
Majuba Hill. There are no logging camps, mines nor other industries, and the
principal class of farming is stock-raising and dairying.
Took out old culvert at Barker's mud bridge and put in a new one, 40 feet by 14 feet by
10 feet, all built of hewn cedar timber, and filled in the washout made by last year's
high water.    About 300 cubic yards of earth were used for that purpose.
Excavated 3,500 feet of earth and rock, varying from 4 to 10 feet high by 12 feet wide.
Forest cleared 3,100 feet, 66 feet wide.
Cut and removed logs and brush from both sides of the road 30,430 feet, averaging 12
feet wide.
Blasted and grubbed 1,460 feet, averaging 24 feet wide.
it 240 feet of rocks 1 foot to 4 feet high and 4 feet wide.
Graded 12,560 feet, averaging 16 feet wide.
Made 6 culverts, 20 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
it     4        ii       14 2      it      2    ,i
Cleaned and enlarged 21,120 feet of ditch to 2 feet by 18 inches.
Repaired bridges and culverts.
Gravelled 3,280 feet, 8 feet by 12 inches.
Section of Yale Road extending from Sumas Prairie westerly through Abbotsford Town-
site to the boundary between it and Matsqui Municipality; distance about 5 miles.
Mail route post office at Sumas Prairie. Post office and store at Abbotsford. There
are about 60 settlers who use this road, besides a very large transient travel. The
traffic over this road is considerable, centering at Abbotsford Railway Station, where
the produce, consisting of stock, poultry, butter, fruit, etc., is shipped.
Cut brush and removed logs for a distance of 15,480 feet.
Graded 1,800 feet by 18 feet.
Cleaned and deepened 2,500 feet of ditch to 18 inches.
Gravelled 1,500 feet by 9 feet by 4 inches.
Blasted and removed large stones, roots and stumps on the road.
Re-covered two bridges, 14 feet and 57 feet respectively, with 3-inch by 12-inch sawn fir
plank.
Made 6 culverts of sawn fir plank, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot. F 56 Public Works Report. 1903
Cultus Lake and Columbia Valley Road.
This road practically begins at Cultus Crossing Bridge, following Swetzer Creek to the
Indian Reserve; thence easterly to the foot of Cultus Lake, and along the eastern
shore of the lake to the valley. Total distance, about 5 miles, 2 miles of which is a
trail. It was opened to enable the settlers to come out to Sardis and Chilliwhack to
do their trading, instead of, as formerly, doing their trading on the other side of the
International Line. There are about 15 settlers, several of them with families.
One school and post office.    No mining or lumbering and no produce shipped.
Forest cleared 21,840 feet, 30 feet wide.
10
10
of slate rock on side-hill, varying from 2 feet to 10 feet deep.
varying from 2 feet to 10 feet high.
ii 2      n 3 ti
by 12 feet by 6 feet.
ii  12      n      2    ,i    to 6 feet high.
Mount Lehman Trunk Road.
Extending from Mount Lehman Steamboat Landing, on the south bank of the Fraser
River, and running due south to the Yale Trunk Road. Distance from point to
point, about 5|- miles. Mail conveyed over this route. Post office and store at
Lehman's Landing. Number of settlers about 40, mostly with families. I would
estimate the tonnage hauled over the road at about 1,000 tons annually, consisting of
cordwood, farm produce, fruit, stock, etc. A church and school. There are no
logging camps nor mining industries, the settlement being purely agricultural.
Grubbed
22,590
Graded
9,280
Excavated
3,030
Cribbed
195
ti
2,400
Built 1 bridge
36
ti    4      ii
30
Forest cleared
7,920 feet, 66 feet wide.
Logged
7,920    „    30
Grubbed and blasted
7,920    „    26
Graded
7,920    „    20
Built one bridge,
80    n    by 14 feet by  9 feet.
Gravelled
900    t,            8      t.       12 inches.
Corduroyed
200    „          16      ,i         3     „
Mount Baker Road (extending).
From the Cultus Crossing Bridge following the north bank of the Chilliwhack River to
Selica Creek Bridge, the distance, approximately, being 16 miles. It was opened
principally to facilitate the transportation of machinery and supplies into the Mount
Baker Mining District, and a very considerable amount of supplies, etc., have been
taken into the mines by pack-trains. There is no post office, Sardis being the
nearest. Along the valley through which the road passes there are benches and
flats, many of which have been settled upon, and in some cases considerable improvements have been made. Horses, sheep and cattle are raised to some extent. The
number of settlers is about 20. There are no lumbering operations being carried on
at present, but the capabilities for this industry are large.
Forest cleared 47,520 feet, 33 feet wide.
Logged and grubbed 47,520    n    16 n
Graded
44,880
,i
12
Corduroyed
500
ii
12
Bridged
1,582
ii
15
Double cribbed
406
ii
Single        it
1,800
tt
Blasted rock
1,200
ii
Side-hill cut
7,350
ii
(20 per cer
and over wide,
the  balani
;e averaging
(20 per cent, of this cut was out of the solid, 10 feet
about 8 feet wide in the solid,  and  the
remainder of the width beina; full.)
Side-logged all the hills. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). F 57
Sumas and Huntingdon Road.
This road extends from the Yale Road near Musselwhite's ranch, on the west edge of
Sumas Prairie, extending south-westerly and southerly to Huntingdon and Sumas
City, U. S.; distance, about 'i\ miles. No mail conveyed over the road. Post office
at Huntingdon. From 30 to 40 settlers, mostly with families, are benefited by this
road; besides, there is a very considerable transient traffic. Amount of produce
hauled annually, at least 1,200 tons. Stock, dairy produce, fruit and hay are the
principal products.    No lumbering or mining.
Graded     2,640 feet, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,800    u      8        n        7 inches deep.
Ditched    2,640    m       3        n 2 feet deep.
Made 7 culverts, 15 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Yale   District.
North Riding.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Nicola-Kamloops Road.
This road, which is 65 miles long, may be described as a good road in good condition,
with the exception of a portion lying between Nicola Town and Quilchena, which
latter was originally very badly constructed. The reason of this is as follows :—
About 30 years ago the Government made a survey, and specifications were prepared
for a fairly good class of road, for which tenders were called. Tenders were received,
and all were in excess of the amount available for the work, consequently no tenders
were accepted. Subsequently one of the parties who had tendered made a proposition to the Government to this effect: that he would build a road suitable to the
requirements of the valley for the amount available at that time, providing he was
allowed to locate his own line of road. This proposal was accepted and the road
built. No practical economy, however, was shown as to grades, and the road-bed
was faulty in construction. From time to time changes have been made and this
section placed in fairly good condition, with the exception of two bad hills. The
grade on one of these could be reduced at a cost of about $400; the other, known as
" Gilmour's Hill," would involve an expenditure of about $2,000 to reduce it to a
practical grade. The hill road would be expensive, owing to the heavy rock bluffs,
and would include a grade of about 12 or 13 per cent, for nearly one quarter of a
mile. A more feasible route would be to commence to raise the grade of the road
about half a mile back from the foot of the hill; advantage could tben be taken of a
high ridge on the road, on which to commence the ascent on a continuous grade to
the top of the hill. A rock slide would have to be crossed, but no engineering-
difficulties would present themselves. People in the vicinity suggest that the road
should be constructed at the base of the hill along the lake shore. This would make
a level road, but it is doubtful if the travel over it would justify the expenditure,
which is estimated would cost at least three times the amount required for the
hill road
Shovelled out snow-drifts between Kamloops and Cardieu's after big wind-storm. - F 58 Public Works Report. 1903
Cleaned out slides; repaired washout at 70-mile post; repaired washout at Gilmour's
Hill; repaired culvert and washout near Peterson's Ranch; cleared out loose rocks,
filled ruts and made surface repairs.
Made 4 culverts, 15 by 4 by 3 feet.
Made 1 culvert, 20.by 15 by 2 feet.
Cleaned and opened ditches, cut brush from road-side, repaired and gravelled mud holes,
and made surface repairs.
Nicola-Hamilton Hill Road.
This road is 6 miles long and is used as a short cut from the town of Nicola, and connects
with the Granite Creek Road. With the exception of one bad hill, this road is in
good condition, with not much heavy traffic over it.
Cleared out rock, repaired washouts, filled ruts, and made surface repairs.
Quilchena and Minnie Lake Road.
This road is 12 miles long. It branches from the Nicola-Kamloops Road at Quilchena
and runs south to Minnie Lake. Very little traffic over this road, which is easily
kept in repair.    Four settlers.
Fraser and Friskin Road.
This road is 6 miles long, is a branch from the N icola-Kamloops Road at the north end of
Stump Lake, and runs north-east in the direction of Roach Lake. Easily maintained;
accommodates 3 settlers.
Douglas Lake and Grand Prairie Road.
This road is 52 miles long; it branches off the Nicola-Kamloops Road about 4 miles east
of Quilchena, and runs north-east via Douglas Lake, Shappron and Fish Lakes to
Grand Prairie. Travel between Nicola and Douglas Lake is considerable, but
beyond the latter point to Grand Prairie it is very light. The road from Fish Lake
to the Prairie is in indifferent condition.
Put new stringers in bridge near 15-mile post; repaired culverts, opened ditches, cleared
off rocks, repaired cribbing, removed windfalls and made surface repairs.
Ducks Station to Grand Prairie Road.
This road through North Yale is 38 miles long. It runs from Ducks Station to Vernon;
is in good condition with the exception of one bad sand-hill near Ducks. Considerable travel passes over it.
Cleaned slides, filled ruts, repaired washouts, cleared off loose rocks, repaired culverts,
repaired mud holes, cleaned ditches, removed rocks, cleaned bank sides, and made
general surface repairs.
Put new covering on bridge, 20 by 14 feet; grubbed out stumps and roots, cut brush from
road sides, gravelled mud holes, and made surface repairs.
Paxon or 6-Mile Creek Road.
This road is 22 miles long, and branches from Grand Prairie Road at the north end of
Ducks Lake ; runs thence in a north-easterly direction for about 11 miles ; thence
south-east along 6-Mile Creek to the Grand Prairie Road. This is a cheaply
constructed road in poor condition, with very light traffic over it and accommodates 6
or 7 settlers.
Joe Todd and Ducks Meadows Road.
This road is 13J miles long and in good condition. It branches off from the Campbell
Creek Road at the 4-mile post (Todd's Ranch); runs south-east and connects with
Grand Prairie Road at the 7-mile post from Ducks Station. All travel between
Kamloops and Grand Prairie passes over this, thus avoiding the sand-hills of the
Grand Prairie Road.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, and made surface repairs. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). F 59
Woodland Mountain Road.
This road is 5 miles long and branches off from Todd and Ducks Meadows Road at the
1-mile post from Todd's, running thence south-east up Woodland Mountain. It
accommodates 6 or 7 settlers and is easily maintained.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, and made surface repairs.
South Thompson and 6-Mile Creek Road.
This road is 12 miles long and branches from the Kamloops-Shuswap Road at Martin's
ranch, on the South Thompson River; runs south-east and connects with 6-Mile
Creek. This road was cheaply constructed and is in bad condition ; passes over a
high mountain and down into Turtle Valley.    Used by 2 or 3 settlers.
Ducks Station and Dressderon Road.
This road, which is 4J miles long, branches from the Joe Todd and Ducks Meadows
Road at the 9-mile post and runs north; crosses Robins Creek, which follows down
to the station. Cheaply constructed, but easily kept in repair ; accommodates 5 or 6
settlers.
Campbell Creek Road.
This road is 17 miles long. It branches from the Kamloops-Shuswap Road at the 7-mile
post—east of Kamloops—and runs south-west to its connection with the Kamloops-
Nicola Road, at the south end of Shuswap Lake. This road is in good condition;
considerable traffic passes over it.
Cleaned out slides, removed rocks, filled ruts and washouts, repaired culverts and made
surface repairs.
Filled in 63 feet, 19 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Hull-Manenteau Road.
This road is 8 miles long. It branches from the Kamloops-Nicola Road at the 6-mile
post from Kamloops ; runs south-west over high and open table land, in the direction
of Jacko Lake.    It accommodates 5 or 6 settlers and is in good condition.
Graded 141 feet, 10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 15 by 15 by 2 feet.
Cleaned out slides and rocks and made general surface repairs.
Coal Hill Road.
This road is 6 or 7 miles in length; a branch of the Kamloops-Savona Road, about 4
miles west of Kamloops; runs in a south-westerly direction on the north-west side
of Jacko Lake and connects with the Big Fish Lake Road near the 7-mile post.
This road is in good condition and used principally by the Coal Hill miners.
Big Fish Road.
This road is about 20 miles long and branches off from the Kamloops-Savona Road about
6 miles west of Kamloops. It runs in a south-westerly direction over a high, timbered
plateau to a point near Fish Lake; in fairly good conditon. This road should be
continued as far as Mamete Lake Road, making a short cut for the people of
Mamete Lake Valley to and from Kamloops.
Kamloops-Tranquille Road.
Nine miles in length, in good repair and easily maintained.
Kamloops-Savona Road.
Twenty-seven miles long; runs from Kamloops to Savona on the south side of Kamloops
Lake. Considerable travel from Kamloops to Roper's ranch—a distance of 15 miles.
This road is in good condition, but needs some repairs near the lower end.
Opened ditches, cleared off loose rocks and made surface repairs.
Made culvert on Gurin's Hill, filled ruts and washouts
Graded 150 feet, 12 feet wide. F 60 Public Works Report. 1903
Made 1 culvert,      15 by 15 by 10 feet
Excavated earth  105 feet,  4 by 4   n
ii 11 yards.
Graded approach to culvert and made surface repairs.
Roper's to Cherry Creek Station.
A side road 1 mile long.    In good condition, though narrow ; not much traffic.
Neil Beaton Road.
This road is 5 miles long, a branch of the Kamloops-Savona Road at the 13-mile post
from Kamloops, and runs south-west to high bench land.
North Thompson Road (west side of river).
Twenty-three miles in length.    Considerable work has been done on this road during the
past two years, in straightening  it out  and  improving the grades on what was a
poorly laid out road in the first instance.     The road is now in good condition and
accommodates about a dozen settlers.
Repaired culverts; filled ruts; cleared out rocks; filled in washouts and made surface
repairs.
North Thompson Road (east side of river).
This road, which is 55 miles long, is in good condition, and should be extended to Little
Fort, which is 10 miles beyond the end of the present terminus of the road. This
would be of great benefit to settlers at and beyond Little Fort. A road suitable to
their requirements could be built for $200 per mile. Near the 30-mile post the road
is subject to overflow at high water, and it is suggested that this portion be moved
back to higher ground. The estimated cost of this change would be about $500. A
steep hill near the 14-mile post should also be graded down; estimated cost, about
$300.
Repaired covering on bridge; repaired washouts; cleared off loose rocks ; repaired culvert;
blasted and cleared off rock-slide; cut brush overhanging road ; filled ruts and made
surface repairs.
Made 1 culvert,     16 feet by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Covered 1 bridge, 70      n      14    .>
Filled in 42      „      12 by 3 feet deep.
Excavated earth    53      n        7 by 2 n
Cut brush 5 feet wide each side of road for 5 miles.
Graded 662 feet, 10 feet wide.
Scraped sand off road across the Reserve at Kamloops, and made general surface repairs.
Thompson River Bridge.
Cut and hauled brush, made mattress 65 feet long, 12 feet wide and  2 feet deep; sunk
mattress at No. 4 pier; blasted rock to fill in round pier.
Blasted, quarried and hauled 145 cubic yards of rock for protection of foundation of No.
4 pier of new bridge.
Made 1 culvert, 20 by 15 by 2 feet.
Excavated earth 630 feet, 2 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Graded 630    „  12
Cleared off rocks and made surface repairs.
Put iron plate on cut-water of pivot pier ; screwed up rods. on draw span ; adjusted and
oiled up the turning gear of swing.
Screwed up suspension rods and adjusted bolts in bridge; removed driftwood from piers ;
adjusted turning gear of swing.
Lewis Creek Road.
About 50 miles in length; is a branch from the North Thompson Road at the 12-mile
post; runs thence north-east up Edwards Creek and passes along the north shore of
Horsefly Lake; thence north to Upper Lewis Creek, where it connects with the
North Thompson Road. The road is in good condition and accommodates about 15
settlers. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). F 61
Raised bridge 2 feet high ; put on 4 new stringers ; new covering, 42 feet by 19 feet.
Covered 1 bridge, 30 feet by 14 feet.
Filled in 32 feet, 14 feet by 3 feet deep.
Excavated earth 40 feet, 6 feet deep, 3 feet wide.
Graded 348 feet, 14 feet wide.
Filled ruts, repaired washouts and made general surface repairs on 15 miles of road.
Jazo Road.
A branch of the Lewis Creek Road, near the 20-mile post, 4 miles long, running north
and east; one settler uses this road.
Adonis Lake Road.
About 12 miles in length; branches off from the Lewis Creek Road about 6 miles from
the mouth of Lewis Creek; runs east to Adams Lake through a heaily-timbered
country; 3 settlers.
Miller-Lazerd Road.
About 4 miles long; branches off from Lewis Creek Road about 3 miles from Edwards'
ranch; thence north to Miller's ranch ; 2 settlers.
Reserve Creek Road.
This road is 15 miles long and is in good condition; is a branch of the North Thompson
Road about 1J miles from Kamloops; follows the south-east side of Reserve Creek
to the north side of Paul's Lake; thence to Wilson's ranch, at the west end of Pemberton Lake.
South Thompson Road (north side of river).
This road is 35 miles long; it runs from Kamloops to Shuswap, on the north side of the
South Thompson River. Considerable travel passes over the first 9 miles of this
road, which is in good condition. From the 9-mile post to Shuswap there is very
little travel;  consequently, not much repairing is done on this portion of the road.
Filled ruts and washouts; cleared off rocks and made surface repairs.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Graded 171    n    15 feet wide.
Excavated        171    n    15       n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 30   „    15       „ 3
Repaired 1 culvert, cleared out rocks, and made surface repairs.
Harper's Camp and McByrne Valley Road.
This road is 17 miles long and is a branch of the South Thompson Road (north side), at
the 6-mile post from Kamloops; runs north-east and passes on the north side of
Princeton Lake ; thence south to Ducks. On leaving the Thompson River this road
ascends to a high, open plateau of pasture land, and from thence descends into
McByrne Valley. The road is in good condition from its commencement up to the
east end of Princeton Lake ; from thence to Ducks there is not much traffic, and
this portion of the road is not in good condition ; used by 7 or 8 settlers.
Blasted off point of rock, cleared out rocks, and repaired culvert.
Excavated earth   331 feet, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in 252    „    12 „ 1 „
Graded 351    „    12
Made 4 culverts,     16    n    by 14 by 3 feet.
Cleared off rock, filled ruts, and made surface repairs.
Old Men's Home Road.
This road is 1 mile long; it runs south from the Old Men's Home and connects with the
Nicola-Kamloops Road, lj? miles outside of Kamloops. This is a short cut from the
C. P. R. Station to Nicola.    The road is in good condition, but the grades are heavy. F 62 Public Works Report. 1903
Kamloops-Shuswap Road (south side of river).
This road, which runs from Kamloops to Shuswap on the south side of the river, is 35
miles long, in good condition and easily maintained. Considerable light traffic passes
over it, but not much heavy hauling.
Filled ruts, opened ditches, and made surface repairs.
Repaired bridge at 12-mile post; enlarged 2 culverts near the 2-mile post; filled ruts;
repaired washouts, and made general surface repairs.
Shuswap-Kault Road.
This road branches from the Kamloops-Shuswap Road at McByrne's Ranch, and rises
to a high plateau, and is 23 miles long. From thence it runs east through Back
Valley, which is thickly timbered, to Kault Siding. There are a few settlers on each
end of this road, which is not subject to much through travel.
Cut out windfalls, cleared out rocks, filled ruts and washouts.
Tappen Siding Road.
This road starts from Tappen Siding and runs north-west via Notch Hill to Shuswap
Lake, and is 13 miles long. There is considerable travel over the two ends of the
road, there being two distinct settlements, Tappen Siding and Notch Hill; each has
its own station. Very little travel passes over the road. There is considerable
lumbering in the vicinity, aud during the wet weather, in the spring and fall, the
heavy hauling is hard on the roads.
Cut out and removed windfalls from Tappen Siding to Anderson's Ranch, lake shore.
Tappen Siding and Sweeten Road.
This road starts from Tappen Siding, is 1| miles long, runs west, and connects with the
Shuswap-Kault Road about 2 miles west of Kault. Five or six settlers use this road,
which is a short cut to Tappen Station.
Kault and Salmon Arm Road.
This road is 7 miles long. After leaving Kault it winds up the side of a hill, to ease the
grade and avoid a steep bluff. This side-hill is clay, with numerous springs of water.
About three years ago this side-hill commenced to settle, causing cracks in the road
and damage to the grade; this has continued each succeeding spring, and has been
repaired each summer. It has become so bad, however, that it is impossible to haul
loals over it. If this road is to be maintained a new piece will have to be constructed,
to commence half a mile west of Kault. This will entail some rock work and will
be expensive. The road accommodates settlers between Salmon Arm and Kault Mill,
and though little used, would cause inconvenience if abandoned.
Salmon Arm Road (west side).
This road starts from the C. P. R. Station and runs in a north-westerly direction up the
west side of Salmon Arm Valley a distance of 5 miles. Two miles of this has been
stumped, ditched and turnpiked, and is in very good condition; the balance, 3 miles
in length, is badly in need of repair. Being a low, wet, clay country, the road gets
very muddy and sticky in wet weather. The first two miles, which is turnpiked,
should be gravelled during the coming summer. Gravel, however, is scarce, and the
long haul that will have to be made in order to secure it, will cost $1,000 per mile.
The principal travel of the valley passes over these two miles.
Put in 4 new stringers and made general repairs on Salmon River bridge.
Filled ruts, repaired mud holes, and made general surface repairs.
School-House Cross Road.
This branches from the west side road, at the 2-mile post, and is 1A miles long. It runs
south across the valley and connects with the Foot-hill Road. This road is in good
condition. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (North Riding). F 63
Salmon Arm Foot-Hill Road.
This road is 13J miles long. It runs from the C. P. R. Station, following along the foothill on the east side of the Salmon Arm Valley for a distance of about 6 miles;
thence ^ a mile due west; thence up the centre of the valley. There is considerable
travel over this road, which is in good condition, being built mostly on high, solid
ground, and is easily kept in repair. It has been advised to have this road extended
about 8 miles, so as to connect with the Grand Prairie and Vernon Road. Estimated cost of extension, $2,300.
Cut out windfaUs and made surface repairs.
Tolput Road.
Is 3 miles long, and is a branch of the Foot-Hill Road, commencing about 1 mile from
the C. P. R. Station ; runs east up into a high, well-timbered plateau. Not much
travelled over ; 3 settlers.
Salmon Arm and Enderby Road.
This road, in North Yale, is 7 miles long ; runs south-east to Enderby over high land,
part of which is heavily timbered, and, apart from having to clear out windfalls, is
an inexpensive road to maintain.
To greatly improve this road it will be necessary to cut down the dead trees which
overhang.
Byarkman Road.
Four miles long; branches from off the Salmon Arm and Enderby Road at the 1-mile
post; runs thence east to Byarkman's ranch. The first 3 miles of this road is in
good condition; the last mile requires repairs.
Cut out and removed windfalls.
Canoe Creek Road.
Four miles long, through thickly-timbered country; branches off from the Salmon Arm
and Enderby Road at the 3-mile post; runs east for a short distance and then turns
north and runs to the mouth of Canoe Creek.    Accommodates 8 or 9 settlers.
Cut and removed windfalls, filled ruts, turned off water, and made surface repairs.
Craigellachie Road.
This is the Old Tote Road on the north side of Eagle River; very little used and about 6
miles long. There are two shipping points along the road, one at the C. P. R. Station
at the east end of the settlement, and the other a freight shed 6 miles west of the
station, which enables the settlers to ship produce without a long haul.
Craigellachie Road, South.
This is a shipping point on the south side of the river, called the Spur, and is in fair condition. The South Side Road starts from the Spur and runs south-west to the settlement. There are 6 or 7 settlers here, whose thriftiness is an example to the whole
of the Yale District. They have drained and improved the land and built miles of
ditches from 5 to 6 feet wide and 5 feet deep ; are engaged principally in farming,
and vegetable growing, to the extent that they have hauled 150 tons of vegetables
to market during the past season.
Trail.
This trail is 64 miles long, a branch of the Little Fort Road. It runs north-west and
connects with the Cariboo Waggon Road at the 100-mile post. This trail was built
during the Klondyke excitement, for the purpose of deflecting travel at Kamloops to
the overland route to the Klondyke. No one, however, availed themselves of this
trail and it is never used. F 64 Public Works Report. 1903
North Thompson Trail.
Is about 60 miles long and branches off from the end of the waggon road on the North
Thompson to Peavine.    Three settlers and some prospectors use this.
roads in North Yale = 672 .5.
trails ii        =124.0.
The total number of miles of waggon roads in North Yale = 672.5.
West Riding.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Lillooet-Lytton Road.
The length of this road in the West Riding of Yale is 24 miles. It follows the east bank
of the Fraser River from Lytton to the bridge across the Fraser River, about two
miles above Lillooet, a total length of about 42 miles. The traffic over this road is
of some extent; all freight, including heavy mining machinery and supplies for
Lillooet, Bridge River and Cayoosh Creek, passes over it, as well as two bi-weekly
stages carrying mails, fast freight and passengers. The bench land along the river at
many points is cultivated, yielding well when irrigated. The road is at present in
good condition. The $1,000 yearly appropriation is sufficient to keep it so, but is not
sufficient to enable permanent improvements to be made. Steep side-hill cuts require
to be properly sloped; loose gravel banks require clearing out, and clay flats
gravelled.
Cleaned out slides and rock; filled ruts and repaired washouts ; gravelled holes ; opened
ditches, and made general surface repairs.
Ditched 100 yards, 1| feet deep, 2| feet wide.
McKay-Loring Road.
This road branches off from the Lytton-Lillooet Road at 2-mile point and runs north-east
to McKay's ranch; a mountainous road, 5 miles long, in good condition; two settlers
use this.
Main Trunk Road, Section 2.
This section of road is 75 miles long and is in fair condition. The grade is level and no
heavy hauling is done over it, the produce of three small farms, situated below
Lytton, constituting most of the traffic. From Lytton to Spence's there is a trail
difficult to maintain, owing to the C. P. R. using it as a dumping ground for their
waste material. From Spence's Bridge to Cache Creek 13 settlers use the road,
which is easily kept in repair, the grades being light.
Built stone wall, 60 feet long, 4 feet high.
Repaired web-work between cylinders of Ashcroft Bridge, and put new trestle under
approach at north end of bridge.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts and made surface repairs.
Ashcroft and Pennie Road.
This road is 17 miles long;   runs from Ashcroft eastward to Pennie's ranch, over high
bench-lands ; easily maintained, and used by 7 settlers.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, removed loose rock, cleaned ditches, and made general
surface repairs.
Barnes and Lehman Road.
This road is 4 miles long and runs from Ashcroft to Cornwall's ranch, in a south-westerly
direction, and is used by 6 or 7 settlers. The road is in good condition, with the
exception of about one mile and a half, which runs through loose gravel banks and
needs constant attention. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (West Riding). F 65
Grubbed       1,500 feet, 16 feet wide.
Ditched 150    „      2        „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 390     n       9 n 8 inches deep.
Graded 300    „     14
Made 1 culvert,  16 feet by 4 feet by 4 feet.
Made 3 culverts, 14      ,.     10      n      4    n
Cleaned out and widened road on Barnes' Hill.
Cleared off rocks and slides, and made surface repairs.
Harper Mill Road.
This road is 5 miles long; it branches from the Main Trunk Road at the I-mile pos-t from
Ashcroft, running north-east over high lands to Semlin Valley. No heavy travel.
The road is in good condition and easily kept in repair.
Cribbed 85 feet, 4J feet high.
Filled crib with rock, 85    h    4^   n   by 3 feet wide.
Screwed up the bridge (Bonaparte); cleared off rocks and slides, and made surface repairs..
Cache Creek to Savona.
This road is 25 miles long, and there is considerable travel over the first 8 miles from
Cache Creek. From the 8-mile post to Savona the travel is very light. The road is
in fair condition.
Cleared slides, filled ruts, and made surface repairs.
Deadman Creek Road.
This road is 15 miles long, and branches from the Cache Creek-Savona Road at the
18-mile post; runs thence north-west up Deadman Creek to Tobacco Flat Accommodates five or six settlers, and is in good condition.
Repaired bridges and culverts and made general surface repairs.
Copper Creek Trail.
This trail is 10 miles long; commences at Savona Ferry and runs along the north shore
of Kamloops Lake to the mouth of Copper Creek ; thence along Copper Creek to
Hardie's ranch. Used principally by miners and prospectors. The trail is in good
condition.
Cleaned out and made general repairs.
Mamete Lake Road.
This road is 52 miles long, and branches from the Savona-Kamloops Road at the 3-mile
post from Savona; runs south via Mamete Lake and connects with the Spence's.
Bridge-Nicola Road at the 38-mile post from Spence's bridge. Ten settlers live along
the line of this road, and are principally engaged in stock-raising. The road passes,
through an undulating country and is in good condition, the travel being light-
Repairs are mostly needed on the long grades, which are subject to washouts, caused
by the melting snow.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 14 by 3 feet by 2 feet; cut out windfalls; cleaned slides;
filled ruts and made general repairs.
NlCOLA-CdLDWATER   ROAD.
This road is 26 miles long and branches from the Nicola-Granite Creek Road and runs
south-west about 18 miles; thence eastward into Voight Valley. There are about
one dozen settlers along the line of road, principally engaged in stock-raising. Traffic
is light and the road is in good condition.
Repaired culverts and small bridges ; cleaned out ditches ; repaired washouts ; filled ruts;
cut out windfalls ; cleared gravel banks ; cleared out loose rocks, and made surface
repairs. F 66 Public Works Report. 1903
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road.
This road is 46 miles long, and subject to heavy traffic. All the travel into the Nicola
Valley, Otter Valley, Granite Creek and Princeton passes over it. Is in good
condition.
Cleaned out slides ; filled ruts ; removed loose rocks and made surface repairs.
McInnes Road.
This road is 9 miles long and branches from the Savona Bridge and Nicola Road at the
42-mile post; crosses Nicola River over the Chapman Bridge, west of the mouth of
Coldwater River ; thence north-west up into Coutlie Plateau. Very little traffic over
this road, there being only one or two settlers who use it.
Thynne-Gullipard Road.
This road is about 7 miles long, and branches from the Granite Creek Road at the 27-
mile post from Nicola, running thence south-east in the direction of Blue Lake to
Thynne's hay meadow.    Three settlers use this road and travel is very light.
Nicola, Granite Creek and Princeton Road.
This road is 71 miles long. It starts from Coutlie's (Nicola) and runs south-east via
Otter Valley to Princeton. All the travel of Otter Valley, Granite Creek and
Princeton passes over this road, which is in good condition, though too narrow in
places to admit of teams passing. This applies more especially to the lower end of
the road, from the 45-mile post to Princeton. Should no railroads enter this valley
in the near future, it will be necessary to expend several thousands of dollars in
widening this road.
Fitted protection plate on bow of Granite Creek Bridge pier.
Grubbed
1,420 feet, 14 feet wide
Graded
1,420    ti    14
t,
Ditched
870    „      4
tt
1^ feet deep.
Turnpiked
450    ,.
Filled in
300    „    16
ii
4        ,,
Gravelled
730    „      8
ii
8 inches deep
tt
375    „    10
,,
8
Made 6 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 6 feet by 3 feet.
Adjusted suspension rods and all bolts in the Tulameen Bridge.
Repaired washouts, culverts and small bridges; cut and removed windfalls; filled ruts
and made general surface repairs.
Princeton and 20-Mile Creek Road.
This road is 25 miles long and follows the north bank of the Similkameen River.
Considerable travel passes over it. The road is in good condition, with the exception
of a point near the 22-mile post, where a gravel slide causes delay. This can be
avoided if sufficient money is appropriated to enable the slopes of this gravel slide to
be dressed, which would be a great improvement.
Cut and removed windfalls ; cleared out slides ; filled ruts ; repaired washouts ; grubbed
stumps; repaired cribbing; removed rocks and made general repairs along line of road.
One-Mile Creek or Graveyard Creek.
This road is 5 miles long and is used by 3 settlers. It should be extended to accommodate 6 settlers who live 6 miles higher up the creek.   Estimated cost, $300 per mile.
Trail, Aspen Grove Road (33 miles long).
After passing the settlement (which is 6 miles from the upper end of the Aspen Grove
Road), there is a trail up One-Mile Creek. It is little used, however, consequently
in poor condition. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (West Riding). F 67
Slate Creek Road.
This road is 4 miles long and is a branch of the Granite Creek Road at Otter Flat. It
follows the north bank of the Tulameen River to the mouth of Slate Creek. Used
by prospectors, miners and one settler.
Slate Creek and Summit Camp  Trail.
This trail is 10 miles long ; commences at the mouth of Slate Creek and follows the northwest bank of the Tulameen River in the direction of Summit Camp. The trail is in
good condition and should be extended to Summit Camp, a distance of about 20 miles.
Trail, Princeton to Roach River.
This trail is 25 miles long; was cut out in the winter of 1901 and greatly improved, but
more money is needed for grading.
Trail, Coldwater to Hope.
This trail is 50 miles long and branches off the Coldwater Road. At a distance of 20
miles it crosses the mountain to the Coquehalla River, and follows along the bank as
far as Hope. This is an old trail, built about 30 years ago, and was used for the
purpose of driving over range cattle from Nicola to Hope. Since the advent of the
Canadian Pacific Railway this trail is seldom used ; consequently it is not kept in
good condition.
Hope-Summit Camp Trail.
This trail is 26 miles long. Commencing at Hope, it follows the Hope-Nicola trail to the
17-mile post, from thence it runs up Dewdney Creek to Dead Horse Creek, following
up the last named creek to summit. This is a fairly good trail, with the exception
of that part crossing the Coquehalla, where a bridge is needed. The traffic is so light,
however, that the expenditure necessary to build a bridge would not justify the
expense.
Cut out windfalls and made general repairs.
Hope Similkameen Trail.
This trail is 65 miles long. There is considerable travel over this trail, but no heavy
hauling. Numerous bridges and culverts have been built, but are fast becoming
rotten and shaky, and needing constant repair. An expenditure of $1,000 is
necessary for repairs on bridges and trails, over and above any appropriation for the
trail.
Cut out windfalls, repaired coverings on bridge and culverts, cleaned out slides, cut brush
from each side of trail, and made surface repairs from Hope to Princeton.
Hope and Popcum Road.
This road is 21 miles long and was built about 30 years ago. For the first 15 or 20 years
little or no traffic passed over it; consequently, the trail was neglected and is now
in very bad condition, owing in a great measure to overflow from the river. There
are at the present time 33 settlers living along this road between Hope and Popcum,
but travel has not increased very materially in the last few years. Two miles of this
road below silver creek, and two miles between the 12 and 14-mile posts were
re-located about two years ago, and are now safe from erosion by the river. There
still remains a bad piece of road between the 11 and 12-mile posts, which should be
moved back towards the base of the mountain, and in order to avoid damaging
private property would necessitate a change in the alignment of about 3 miles, and
the building of two new bridges of about 100 feet long. This work is absolutely
necessary, as the five bridges which at present exist between the 11 and 12-mile posts
are now unfit for use. A change of grade has been made at the 17-mile post, in
order to avoid re-building a high trestle, which was 445 feet long. This new grade
is heavy, but the roadbed is solid.
Put hand-rail on bridge, 125 feet. F 68 Public Works Report. 1903
Framed and put up truss on Silver Creek Bridge, laid covering on 110 feet, put on handrail, graded approach to new bridge, and pulled down old bridge.
Cut out and widened road where washed out near St. Elmo.
Cut and removed windfalls, filled ruts, and made general surface repairs.
Tightened up the cable, strengthened tower on north side, re-arranged the ropes and
blocks, and improved generally.
The total number of miles of waggon road in West Yale is 434, and 219 miles of trail.
East Riding—Northern Division (Penticton to Mara Lake).
J. P. Burnyeat, Superintendent.
Road, Dell's Corner to Kelowna.
This piece of road, 3 miles in length, connects the Okanagan Mission-Vernon Road at
the 32-mile post with Kelowna direct. It is in good condition and is a great improvement on the original circuitous road following around the bends of Mission Creek.
Completed the grading and bridging on this road between the 33rd and 34th miles, the
timber on which was slashed down last year.
Put in 600 feet of cribbing to hold up edge of embankment, and filled in for a length of
3,000 feet with earth, 22 feet wide and 2 feet deep.
Built 5 new bridges, averaging 33 feet in length, 16 feet wide and 5 feet high ; set on
trestle bents and bank sills; 4 stringers to each span, 12 inches by 14 inches, bolted
to caps, covered with 3-inch fir plank, 16 feet long, and hand-railing provided and
set up throughout.
Benvolin Road.
This road branches off' from the Vernon-Mission Road at the 33-mile post and runs west
one mile and east one mile, forming a junction with the Dell corner and Dry Valley
Roads.
Gravelled this road for a length of 900 feet, 7 feet wide and 7 inches deep.
Cleaned out the road ditches and made some general repairs.
Deposited gravel on the Vernon-Mission Road between the 34 and 35-mile posts, 7 feet
wide and 6 inches deep.    The Mission end of this road is now in fairly good condition.
Black Mountain Road.
Branches off the Vernon-Mission Road near the 31-mile post and runs in an easterly
direction 10 miles, following the north side of Mission Creek through a good agricultural and cattle-raising country. A large number of pre-emptors have settled in
this portion of the district and are fairly prosperous.
Made some much-needed improvements on this road by cutting down steep pitches and
filling up low places.    Made several diversions to ease off sharp grades.
Built 4 new culverts, averaging 4 feet long by 2 feet high and 16 feet wide, with tail
drains to drain the roadbed.
The greater portion of this road was originally built by a few of the settlers and is very
narrow in places; requires widening and should be extended easterly to reach all
the settlers.
Mission Creek Bridge (repairs).
Put in 2 new stringers, each 20 feet long, 12 by 14 inches.    Laid and spiked down 2 M.
feet b. m. of 3-inch fir planking, 16 feet long, 3 by 12 inches.
The east abutment and river bank were being gradually undermined by the action of the
water.    To prevent further erosion, large rock was hauled and deposited about the
foundation of the east abutment and the bank riprapped. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 69
Mission and Mill Creeks.
These creeks were cleared of all log and brush jams from the Okanagan Lake to the dam
on Mission Creek, a distance of about 4 miles. Considerable crib work will require
to be built in the low places on the bank of Mission Creek, to keep the high water
in its channel and prevent its overflowing and destroying the public roads and
valuable private property.
Road from Kelowna to Dell's Corner.
Gravelled 8,200 feet of road between Kelowna and .DelFs Corner. Part of this work was
done on the new piece of road and will require another lift next year. The gravel
was hauled and spread to a width of 7 feet and to a depth of 7 inches.
Main Road to Kelowna.
Ditched and gravelled Main Road between the 24 and 26-mile posts, and between the
33 and 34-mile posts, for a total length of a mile and seven-tenths, 7 feet wide and 7
inches deep. Made an alteration in the Main Road between the 20 and 22-mile
posts, on the Indian Reservation. The road is now up to the I. R. line. This
alteration improves the road alignment and admits of the Indians fencing in and
improving their land, and having pasturage and water for their stock, all on one side
of the Main Road. The new location being on an open and nearly level bench, very
little work in grading was required.
Put in 7 small culverts at different points on the Vernon-Mission Road, averaging 3 feet
in length by 2 feet high and 16 feet wide, for the passage of surface water.
Re-built 1 culvert near Mr. Crozier's, at the south end of the Old Dry Valley Road, 6
feet long by 3 feet high and 16 feet wide.
McKinley Road.
Cut out timber and brush, and improved the grades on the McKinley Road, which
branches off from the main road—Vernon-Okanagan Mission—near the 23-mile post
at Duck Lake, and runs westerly about 3 miles to the wharf built by the settlers on
the eastern shore of Okanagan Lake, in Township 23. There is considerable hauling
of farm products over this road, which is now in fairlv good shape.
Forest cleared 3,300 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 150    „    12
Graded 7,620    „    10
Filled in 150    „    12
Re-built Bridge No. 2, near the 16-mile post, on the Vernon-Mission Road; put in 4 new
stringers, 12 feet long, 12 inches by 12 inches, and new covering of 3-inch fir plank.
Repaired the road between the 13 and 14-mile posts that had been washed out b}' a cloudburst. The main road between Vernon and Mission Valley—35 miles long—over
which the mail, passengers and express are carried in a stage, making three round
trips per week, also about 5,000 tons of farm produce, requires considerable work to
be done to put it in proper shape. The slopes in places should be trimmed back and
boulders removed, steep pitches and sharp turns cut down between the 14 and 16-mile
posts. That portion between the 27 and 29-mile posts, for the most part, is on a clay
soil, and in the spring and fall is almost impassable. This requires to be ditched,
crowned and gravelled.
Built a temporary tool-shed, 10 by 18 feet, on the Government lot at Kelowna, in which
to store the road tools ; shed roof, boarded and shingled ; sides boarded up ; provided
with double doors, hinges and strong lock.
Cut a ditch on the east side of Ellis Street, Kelowna Town, 1,500 feet long, 2 feet wide
in bottom and sloped, and ranging in depth from 1 to 4 feet; 300 feet of boxing
was put in at the lower end ; cut ditches and put in boxes in other parts of the town
to drain off surplus water. Some street grading and more ditching should be done
in the town next season. Total length of ditching cut was 2,490 feet. The gravelling on the Kelowna end of main road was thoroughly rolled with the new roller. F 70 Public Works Report. 1903
Mission Creek.
Built 630 lineal feet of cribbing in low places on the west bank of Mission Creek in
Sections 16 and 22, Township 26, to confine the high water in its channel and prevent
an overflow ; constructed of round fir timber, securely drift-bolted together, and cribs
filled with rock from bed of creek. Of late years considerable damage has been done
by the extreme high water of this creek to adjacent farms, in breaking away the
banks, and owing to the excessive amount of drift timber, sand, gravel and boulders
being brought down and deposited by the high water floods, the bed of the creek is
annually being shifted. In some of the sharp bends channels have been cut across to
straighten its course and relieve the banks from the extreme pressure. Considerable
more protection work will require to be done on this creek before next high water, to
avert a serious catastrophe. The creek at its outlet to Okanagan Lake requires to
be dredged, and the bed, for a distance of four miles, should be deepened and
straightened, as now, in one place particularly, it is three feet higher than the grade
of the main road through the Mission Valley. The farming country between the
creek and Kelowna, on the Okanagan Lake—about 9 square miles—is low-lying, and
should a break occur in the bank of the creek during high water, the damage
following would be most disastrous and irreparable.
Put on new planking on Scotty Creek bridge, No. 335, near the 26-mile post, and filled
in mud-holes near the 31-mile post on Dry Valley Road.
On March 12th a very heavy wind-storm passed over the Mission Valley, which completely blocked the Mission Road with fallen timber for 2 miles, between the 35 and
37-mile posts.    These were cut out and removed.
Put in a small culvert on the Kelowna-Dell Road, near the 33-mile post, for drainage
purposes, and cleaned out road ditches east and west of this point.
Cut out fallen trees from bed of Mission Creek, opposite the 34-mile post, felled by gale
of March 12th.
Excavated a ditch across a sharp bend in the creek at this point, to straighten the
channel and prevent an overflow of the west bank.
Made some necessary repairs on the Kelowna-Mission Road from Kelowna to the 34-mile
post; 2 men and 4-horse team on grader for 2 days.
Repaired bridge No. 333, near the 34-mile post; put in 4 new stringers and 10 new
planks, and also repaired irrigation culvert near this point.
Cleaned out the catch-water drain on Ellis Street, Kelowna.
Made, laid and covered over 150 feet of fluming to secure the ditch from being filled in
by running stock.
Made some necessary repairs on the Dry Valley Road, between the 28 and 29-mile posts ;
3 men and 1 team 2 days.
Mission and Mill Creeks.
Water was very high in the creek during May, and a force of from 3 to 5 men had to be
kept on between the 8th and 30th breaking log-jams, buildings levees, etc., to prevent
overflow of banks and protecting bridges from being carried away.
Made some necessary repairs between the 33 and 34-mile posts.
Filled in with gravel a soft place on Ellis Street, Kelowna, caused by high water backing
in from Okanagan Lake.
Repaired a washout on the Vernon-Mission Road near the 25-mile post, and also on the
Black Mountain Road, caused by the heavy rains.
Put in some new planks on the Mission Creek Bridge. This bridge, 203 feet in length,
was built in June, 1890, and should be renewed next year.
Vernon-Commonage Road, via Okanagan Landing.
This road extends from Vernon to the Okanagan Landing Station, and thence southerly
through a portion of the Commonage Settlement, 9 miles.
Improved the road between the 3 and 4|--mile posts.
Graded around the hill near the 3-mile post to avoid a steep pitch.
Ditched, graded and crowned up a new piece of road between the 3J and 4J--mile posts,
which is now perfectly straight, and put in 3 small culverts for drainage purposes. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 71
Between the 6^ and 7-mile posts the old road was so steep in places as to be quite impracticable for even light vehicles. To avoid this, a new route was surveyed, on as easy
a grade as could be obtained under the conditions. Some solid rock was blasted out,
and the road was built 9 feet wide, but is feasible and answers the present requirements.
Forest cleared      5,200 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed                5,200
„    10
Graded                13,200
it       9 to 18 feet wide.
Ditched                 5,200
ti      2 feet wide.
Excavated earth 4,125
,,      8        „        3^ fee
ii         rock    1,400
„      8        „        2|
Filled in                6,600
,i      2        „        2
Stoned                      600
n      2        ii        2
Made 4 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 4 feet by 1|- feet.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet by 16 feet and 5 feet high, with log abutments; 4 stringers of
round fir logs, covered with 3-inch fir planks.
Overhauled bridge No. 272, over Bissette Creek, on the Vernon-Lumby Road; put in
new truss beams, cross brace and hand-railing, and widened out east approach; put
in two bents, one under each end of stringers and against the face of crib abutments,
and rip-rapped the foundation at the face of old cribs with large rock. This bridge
is now useful for some years yet.
Filled up under and around the foundation of the east crib of bridge No. 270, near Lumby,
with loose rock, to prevent further undermining and settlement of crib.
Built new bridge over the Shuswap River, at Shuswap Falls; King truss, 53-foot span,
resting on low crib abutments set on solid bed-rock ; 4 stringers, each 55 feet long,
10 by 14 inches; 8 corbels, 8 feet long, 10 by 14 inches; 4 truss beams, 28 feet, 10
by 10 inches; li-inch diameter rods ; braces, 4 pieces, 8 by 8 inches ; cross brace, 10
by 10 inches ; ribbon, 4 by 6 inches ; hand-railing of round poles, barked and spiked
to round posts; covering, 13 feet long, of split cedar, sized to 4 inches; approaches,
22 feet, laid on bank sill; earth and rock filled in and around at both ends, all
securely fastened together with drift and screw-bolts ; length over all, 75 feet. The
old bridge was burned down in August of this year by forest fires. The new bridge
was commenced on August 28th, and completed on the 21st of September.
Vernon-Commonage Road.
Branches off the Vernon-Mission Road at the 6-mile post and runs southerly through the
Commonage settlement (8J miles) to Lake Okanagan.
Widened out a portion of  this road near Andy Carr's to admit  of steam thrasher and
binder getting through ; filled up rut holes and repaired a small culvert.     This road
is very narrow throughout, with steep pitches and sharp turns, and requires widening
and straightening.
Vernon-Kamloops Road.
Rebuilt culvert at the 3-mile post, 3 feet by 1 foot by 16 feet wide.
Side Roads, Lumby Section.
Built a new bridge over Harris Creek, a mile and a half south of Lumby, on the new
road leading from the back settlement in Township 3 to the Vernon-Lumby Road at
the 14-mile post. Three trestle bents; sills firmly embedded in gravel, 35 feet
centres; approaches, 10 feet each in length; length over all, 90 feet; 4 stringers,
35 feet long, covered with 3-inch fir plank ; hand-railing of round poles. After the
snow falls heavy rock will be hauled and deposited on and around the sills of bents,
to prevent scouring. The bridge was commenced on October 3rd and completed on
October 18th.
Vernon-Commonage Road.
Removed a rock slide near the 6J mile post and widened out the roadbed in solid and
loose rock, to ease the sharp turn which existed at this point. F 72 Public Works Report. 1903
Vernon-Okanagan-Mission Road.
Cleared the road from slides of loose rock and mud between the 2nd and 12th miles.
Vernon-Kamloops Road.
Cut ditches to turn off water from centre of road, and hauled gravel to fill up rut holes
between the 14th and 17th miles.
Vernon-Coldstream Road.
This road extends from Vernon through the far-famed Coldstream Valley 6 miles, and
thence on, in an easterly direction through White Valley to the town of Lumby, 16
miles ; to the settlers- in Blue Springs, 21 miles; Cherry Creek, 38 to 47 miles; to
Shuswap Valley, 36 miles; to Trinity Valley, 31 miles ; to Creighton Valley, 22
miles; and to Harris Creek settlement, 13 miles. The mail stage travels this road,
making three round trips per week between Vernon and Lumby, carrying mails,
passengers and express. Between 9,000 and 10,000 tons of farm, garden, and forest
products passed over this road to Vernon last fall and spring, for transhipment.
Cut down the stiff clay hills on the " brickyard hill" to a uniform grade, and to a width
of 24 feet; raised the low places and made a ditch on the north side, with frequent
box-drain crossings.
Excavated earth 2,004 feet, 8 to 20 feet wide, 2 to 16 feet deep.
Graded 180    „ 3        ., 2
Filled in 1,290    „ 20        ., 16
Made 1 culvert, wooden box, 48 feet long, 12 by 18 inches.
Excavated earth 429 feet, 20 feet wide, 2-t- feet deep.
Filled in 591     n    20        „ 2
Gravelled 4,680    n      8        n 5    inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, averaging 2 feet by 32 feet by 2 feet.
Built a box culvert over waste irrigation channel near the 2J-mile post, 6 feet by 8 feet
by 24 feet wide; walls formed of 12-inch by 12-inch timber, flatted; 7 stringers of
round fir, flatted on top arid covered with 3-inch plank, 24 feet long.
Gravelled 3,942 feet, 8 feet wide, in two layers of 5 inches each. The first layer consisted
of broken stone, hauled a distance of 4 miles, spread out and sprinkled with city
watering cart and then thoroughly rolled with the new roller, weighing, with stone
added, 5 tons; then another lift of fine shell rock was laid on and rolled. This has
made a good solid foundation, that the loaded teams carrying three and a half tons of
farm produce, etc., cannot cut through to the clay beneath, the roadbed being well
ditched and crowned and provided with wooden box cross drains at intervals on
the steeper grade.
Got out timber for the new bridge over Coldstream Creek, near the 6|-mile post.
It having been found necessary to re-build bridge No. 9 over Coldstream Creek, a new
site was adopted 25 feet further up the stream. This bridge was built on crib abutments, 8 feet high, filled in with stone and gravel; 6 stringers, each 27 feet long, round
fir, barked and flatted to a 3-inch face, covered with 3-inch fir plank, 16 feet long, and
fitted with hand-railing 100 feet in length. New approaches have been made, filled
in with gravel, and the road straightened and raised to level of new bridge, and to a
length of 1,030 feet,
During November continued the work of improving the Coldstream Road near the 1-mile
post by widening out roadbed, cutting down high places and filling up low spots ;
ditching and sloping.
Excavated earth 1,830 feet, 5 feet wide, 4J,- feet deep.
Filled in 150    „ 20        „ 5
Gravelled 342    u  14        n 6   inches deep.
In December made an alteration in the road near the lOJ-mile post to avoid a steep and
dangerous hill. The road at this point is now straight and on an easy grade. On
account of the frost the work was closed down on December 7th.
Forest cleared     600 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded 600    ..    18
Cribbed 144    „      5 feet high.
Excavated earth 240    n     18 feet wide, 3 feet high.
Filled in 450" „    18        „ 3| 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 73
Constructed during April an irrigation flume, near the 1-mile post, to replace the original
one. The grade was destroyed in making road improvements at this point last
November—530 feet long, 16 by 18 inches. Each length of 12 feet rests on a 2
by 4-inch piece, in turn resting on a round fir post, braced to bottom and sides of
box ; joints battened with 3-inch by J-inch stuff.
Hauled large rock and filled inside and outside of cribbing near the 10-mile post, to
protect the roadbed from high water of Duteau Creek.
Hauled broken rock and deposited it on main road near the 2^-mile post, for a distance
of 650 feet, 8 feet wide, then rolled it with heavy roller and covered this lift with a
3-inch coating of fine gravel.
Vernon-Lumby Road (Improving road from 13 to 24-mile posts).
Slashed out timber and brush from right of way; grubbed, graded and ditched new piece
of road, and gravelled part of same, from the 13^-mile post to the 14^-mile post;
the old road for this distance was very narrow, hilly and crooked. The balance of
this road to Lumby—a distance of If miles—is too narrow, being only 10 feet wide,
with sharp turns, and cleared only to a width of 20 feet. It requires to be widened
out and straightened. From the 6th to the 8th mile many large fir trees and stumps
are standing near the wheel tracks, and in many places are dangerously close. Some
small bridges will require overhauling and repairs made.
Forest cleared
2,000 feet,
45 feet wide.
Grubbed
3,705
ii
7 to 22 feet wide.
Graded
3,705
,,
6 to 22        i,
Ditched
3,030
it
3
Cribbed
300
,,
Excavated earth 3,600
,,
6 to 22         ti        3 to 5 feet deep.
Filled in
300
H
1 to 22        „         1 to 5        „
Gravelled
1,500
it
8                   it        4 inches deep.
Creighton Valley
Road.
This road turns south from the Lumby-Vernon Road at the 17th mile and runs through
the properties of settlers in Lumby and Creighton Valleys. Portions of one bridge
and some cribbing were destroyed by forest fires in the month of August and have
been renewed, and other necessary repairs made, so that the road is now in fairly
good condition.
Graded
600 feet,
3 feet wide
Cribbed
300
ii
Excavated
earth 300
it
4
4 feet deep.
Gravelled
720
it
7
5 inches deep.
Eden Flat Road.
This road runs south and east from the Lumby Road, at the 16^-mile, for a distance of
a mile and a half to the settlers at the south side of the valley. The roadbed is on
low-lying meadow lands, subject to overflow from high water of Harris Creek, and
although lifted some 3 feet in construction some years ago, is still low and soft. A
portion of it was gravelled in September and two culverts put in, but it needs
further attention.
Gravelled 580 feet, 7 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Built 2 culverts, 2 feet by 24 feet by 4 feet.
Bridge No. 220, on this road, was repaired and the roadbed gravelled at each end.
A tool-house, 6 by 10 feet, was erected for the safe storage of road tools on one corner
of the school lot, and furnished with strong lock and key.
Side Roads, Lumby Section.
Built a short piece of road south of Lumby and connecting with main road, Vernon to
Lumby, near the 14-mile post, to accommodate the settlers in the south-eastern
portion of Township 3. Very little work outside of the slashing, grubbing, and
bridge work was required to be done in order to make a passable road. F 74 Public Works Report. 1903
Forest cleared   3,000 feet, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,000    „     12 „
Graded 40    ,.    12
Corduroyed 65    n    16 n
Built 3 culverts, averaging 14 by 6 by 1 \ feet.
Improved the Hutchinson grade on the Creighton Valley Road; cribbed 500 feet, 8 feet
wide, and filled in 500 feet, 17 feet wide and 18 inches deep.
Rebuilt bridge No. 25, over Duteau Creek, on the Mill Road leading from the main road
near the 13| mile south to settlers. The old bridge broke down under a heavy
load of fir saw logs. The new one is 36 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 7 feet high ; 5
stringers set on crib abutments with rock, built up 2 feet higher than the old one,
and approaches filled up with loose rock, gravel and earth.
Made some necessary repairs to bridge No. 201, and also to culvert No. 200, on Creighton
Valley Road.
Cut out log jams on Bissette Creek, brought down by extreme high water.
Main Road, Vernon to Lumby.
Made some general repairs between the 8th and 9 th miles.
Ditched and filled washouts with rock and gravel.
Rebuilt bridge No. 15, over Duteau Creek, near the 10\ mile.
Constructed a temporary structure on the north side of old bridge for traffic.
For the new bridge crib abutments were built, 6 feet high, and filled with rock ; 4 round
fir stringers, 27 feet long, and covered with 3-inch fir plank, and hand-railing. All
completed in a substantial and workmanlike manner.
Constructed a temporary crossing, and rebuilt bridge No. 10 at the 8th mile over Brewer's
Creek; foundation of round fir logs, cribbed and filled with rock ; four round fir
stringers 14 inches in diameter, 23 feet long, covered with 3-inch fir plank and hand-
railing.
Rebuilt bridge No. 11, situate about 200 yards east of the 8th mile, and similar in all
respects to that of No. 10, with the exception that the span is 25 feet. Lifted the
grade with loose rock and gravel between the two bridges and at both ends for a
total distance, of 930 feet, 13 feet wide and 12 inches deep, making a good and
substantial job.
Rebuilt culvert No. 16, near the 1 Of-mile; 8-foot span; walls of fir logs; 5 stringers, 11
inches in diameter, covered with the old planks; approaches filled in with rock and
gravel.
Put in 2 new culverts near the above point, each 5 feet long and 16 and 32 feet in length
respectivelv. Some old plank from No. 10 bridge were used for covering, with some
new plank to complete.
Cut out fallen timber and cleaned out the grade between the 25th and 26th miles.
Cherry Creek Section.
Widened the right of way by slashing out timber and brush which had grown up to the
wheel tracks ; cut down hills and filled up low places ; took out sharp turns and eased
off some steep pitches ; widened out side-hill cuts ; renewed a large number of culverts
and gravelled the approaches.
Made general repairs from the 24th to the 47th mile. A long, very steep and winding
grade exists, commencing near the 24th mile and leading down to the Shuswap
bottom: This can be eliminated and an easy grade obtained, joining the present
road on the lower bench near the 28th mile. When the Monashee mines become
shippers, this change of grade will be absolutely necessary.
A few years ago cribbing was put in on a sharp turn against the river bank near the
28th mile, to protect the waggon road and prevent settlers' improvements from being
washed away by the sudden and high floods incidental to that section. Below the
end of the crib the bank has been washed away to a lower level. The present
cribbing should be raised and 340 feet of new cribbing built to afford the necessary
protection. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 75
Shuswap Road (from Lumby, North).
Built a new piece of road on a practically level grade, near the 21st mile, for a distance
of about half a mile, to avoid the unnecessary steep grade that existed from both
directions at this point.    Made repairs to culverts.
New Road prom Lumby, North.
Road partially constructed. Appropriation not sufficient to complete. A quarter of a
mile yet to grade at the Lumby end ; a short section near the north end to be levelled
off, and an under-crossing for the passage of range stock to and from water to be
constructed.
Forest cleared 4,000 feet,  25 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,200 18
Graded 3,000 18
Made some necessary repairs to culverts and hauled gravel to raise approaches.
Rebuilt bridge No. 245, over Vance Creek near the 19th mile. The old one was washed
out by the high water. Put in five new stringers 35 feet long, laid on bank sills,
covered with flatted poles and fitted with hand-railing. Hauled gravel and filled
up the approaches and water holes.
Trinity Valley Road.
Made some necessary repairs, such as side-ditching; hauled gravel to fill up soft and low
places, and cleaned out the creek bed of brush and timber for a length of 150 feet,
to prevent water backing up and overflowing road. Made 1 culvert, 2 feet long by
12 feet wide and 1 foot deep, for the drainage of water from the side-hills.
Marron Creek Road.
Constructed a road branching off from the Penticton-Fairview Road near the 12th mile,
and running in a south-westerly direction through an agricultural and cattle-grazing
district a distance of 4 miles. Six settlers have established themselves along the
route, and the road was necessary in order to get in their supplies and building
material. The settlers being very anxious to make an early start, Mr. Latimer, C.
E., one of the pre-emptors, surveyed the route and took charge of the construction of
the road, free of Government charge, and, besides, contributed $60 in cash towards
the expense of grading.
Forest cleared 609 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded                             13,485    ,
7
Ditched                                       33     ,,
li      „
Cribbed                                   351     ,
1 to   4 feet wide.
Excavated earth               4,848    i
0 ii 12        ti        0 to 5 feet deep.
ii         rock and hardpan 180    n
0 ,i    3        ii        0 ,t  1
Filled in                               420    ,
4 n 12        „        0 „ 4
Made 4 culverts, averaging 3 feet by 4 feet by 14 feet.
West side of Okanagan Lake.
Built an extension of the road on the west side of Okanagan Lake, from Deep Creek
south for a distance of 2 miles. Considerable bed-rock, heavy boulders and cemented
gravel were met with in construction, necessitating the use of explosives. The road
was laid out on uniform grades, the heaviest not exceeding 8 per cent., and was
graded 10 feet wide, and so far as built is of a solid and substantial character. A
gap of 10 miles, unconstructed, exists between this extension and the Trout Creek
settlement. A road runs from this settlement to Penticton, at the foot of Okan
agan Lake, and there branches off to the southern portions of East Yale.
Forest cleared
2,400 feet, 25 feet wide
Grubbed
1,845    „    20
Graded
5,300    m    10
Cribbed
275    ,i    10
5 feet high
Excavated earth
5,500    ,.    10
5
ti         rock
200    .,      4
4
Filled in
416    i,    10        M
2 F 76 Public Works Report. 1903
Built a road for the settlers living up Trout Creek and improved the waggon trail they
had already built. This road branches off from the present waggon road on the
Indian Reserve, and runs southerly, following along the foot-hills through Mr.
Barclay's lots, and thence in a westerly direction, a total distance of 5j miles, to the
west end of Mr. Dean's ranch. This road is a great boon to the pre-emptors in this
locality, and settles the long and vexed question of road facilities. The work was
laid out on easy grades throughout. The sharp pitches on the old road were reduced
by building new grades and narrow places widened out to a uniform width of 10 feet.
Forest cleared      3,750 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 75
Graded 13,850
Cribbed 1,300
Excavated rock      660
Filled in 165
Penticton-Trout Creek Road (between Barclay's and Turner's ranches).
Ploughed and levelled off high places; removed boulders from wheel track ; filled up
approaches to Trout Creek Bridge with gravel; removed the gravel slide from the
Turner grade and put in some cribbing to support the bank ; widened and levelled
off the steep grade leading to the Barclay Wharf.
West side of Okanagan Lake (9th to 21st miles).
This road runs through an agricultural and cattle-grazing country, and accommodates the
settlers along the lake.    Placer mining is carried on to some extent on Siwash Creek,
and development work in quartz near Whiteman's Creek.
Commenced (September) making general improvements on the west side of the lake, from
the 9th mile, near O'Keefe's, south to the 21st mile; removed  timber,   brush  and
stumps; cut ditches and put in culverts; widened and straightened out roadbed in
places ; took out sharp turns and cut down hills.
Forest cleared      475 feet, 20 feet wide.
ii       IZ
ii    10
It
It
3 feet high
„    10
II
3
„    10
II
3
Grubbed                175    i
12
Graded               5,000    ,
10
Ditched                   75    ,
2
Cribbed                 390    ,
Excavated rock    110
,      2
Filled in                 175
,    12
2 feet high.
ii        2        ii
2 .,
Made 3 culverts, averaging 3 feet wide, 16 feet long, 2 feet deep.
Built a bridge over Antoine Creek, near the 13-mile post, 20 feet long, 16 feet wide and 5
feet high; crib abutments filled with gravel; 4 stringers, each 22 feet long, of round
fir, barked and treenailed to top log of crib; covered with 3-inch fir plank.
Continued the work of improvements during October.
Forest cleared      5,000 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 75    „    12
Graded 1,200
Ditched 40
Cribbed 100
Excavated rock 20
Filled in 50
10
2
2 feet high.
2 „ 1 „
16 „        3
Made 4 culverts, averaging 3 feet wide by 16 feet long by 2 feet high.
Built 2 bridges,  16 feet wide,  20 feet long, 5 feet high, of round timber, covered with
poles, adzed off.
Carried on further improvements during November, and then discontinued.
Forest cleared 1,200 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 150    „    12        „
Graded 10,000    „     10
Made 1 culvert,    14    n    long, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
The road between the 9th and 21st miles is now in good condition, with the exception of
about a mile between the llth and 12th miles, which is very rocky.    A new bridge
will be required across 6-Mile Creek next season. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 77
Settlers' Road, near Peachland.
Built a piece of road for the accommodation of six settlers who have lately taken up lots
west of Peachland ; starts from the Glen-Robinson Road, about half a mile southwest of Peachland and extends one mile north. The roadbed was graded throughout to a uniform width of 10 feet and built in a solid and substantial manner.
Forest cleared 5,100 feet, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,600    n    10
Graded 5,025    „    10
Walled with stone,  1725    h      3        .,        by 2 to 3 feet high.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 9 feet wide by 4 feet high.
Built a tool-house near the Peachland Wharf, 8 feet by 10 feet, for the safe storage of
Government road tools, of 2 by 4-inch scantling, shed roof boarded and shingled ;
sides boarded and battened ; provided with double doors, fitted with hinges and lock.
West Side of Okanagan Lake.
Built a new culvert over Six-Mile Creek, near the  16th mile.    Old one in a dangerous
condition.
Put in 4 new stringers, 16 feet long on bank sills, and covered with 3-inch plank; graded
up the approaches with gravel.
Dug a ditch from a spring on side of road near the 20| mile, which was running down
wheel track and cutting up the road.
Filled in around the south abutment of Whiteman's  Creek Bridge with heavy rock to
protect the foundation from further undermining by high water.
Cut out jams of timber brought down by extreme high water in Siwash and Whiteman's
Creeks, which was piled up at the bridges crossing these creeks.
Repaired washouts at the 12 th, 14th and 22nd miles.
Strengthened the wing-dam previously built on Whiteman's Creek to confine the water
in its channel.
Hauled logs and built a temporary glance crib to confine high water in channel of White-
man's Creek and protect road from being washed out.
Repaired washouts and slides at the 12th and 17th miles.
Built a new bridge over Short's Creek and graded the approaches.    Bridge, 27-foot span,
12 feet wide and 5 feet high ; crib abutments filled with rock; made general repairs.
Forest cleared      500 feet, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed               100
ii
12
tl
Graded                 600
ii
12
II
Ditched               150
n
3
tt
Cribbed                100
n
12
II
Excavated earth 400
ii
12
it        4 feet deep.
Filled in               200
ii
3 feet
deep.
Gravelled             200
ii
12 feet
wide, 10 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, averagir
g    3 feet long, 12 feet wide, 2 feet high.
Built 1 bridge,
27
ii         12         m          5         tt
Trunk Road (from head of Swan Lake to Enderby).
Hauled gravel and laid it on the Main Road between the 14th and 15th miles, north of
the Town of Armstrong, 830 feet in length, 6 feet wide by 8 inches deep; opened
up side ditches; lengthened box drains to suit new width of road; hauled gravel to
fill up rut holes near Lansdowne. Between the 13th and 14th miles, south of Armstrong, cleared the right-of-way of timber and brush; blasted out stumps; put in
cribbing to hold up slopes on steep side-hills; widened out narrow and dangerous
embankments; cut down steep pitches and filled up low places; carried on the work
of general repairs and improvements from November 16th to December 7th, when
the work was shut down on account of frost. The road formation being on clay,
considerable gravelling will be required to be hauled and deposited next spring, after
the work of ditching and crowning up has been completed. Forest cleared         600 feet, 10
Graded                 1,200    ,
,    24
Ditched                  320    ,
2
Cribbed                   460    ,
Excavated earth    880    t
,    24
Filled in                  730
i    17
Gravelled              1,000
6
F 78 Public Works Report. 1903
it 18 inches deep.
2 to 8 feet high.
2
4
ii 8 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 18 inches by 12 inches.
The work thus far has been carried on in a substantial and workmanlike manner.
Hauled gravel and deposited on road between the 9 th and 10th miles, near Larkin, and
between the 13th and 16th miles, near Armstrong, to a total length of 5,960 feet, 6
feet wide and 8 inches deep. The work was stopped on the 17th of May, the appropriation having been exhausted.
(Enderby Section.)
Blackburn Road.
Branches off the Enderby-Mara Road two miles north of Enderby, on the east side of the
Spallumcheen River, and runs north-easterly a mile and a half to settlers' preemptions.
Brushed out and graded the road and made it passable for teams.
Forest cleared   1,350 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,350    „    12
Graded 1,350    „    10
Filled in 170    ,,    10        n 18 inches deep.
Enderby-Vernon Road.
Graded   2,790 feet of the main road  from   Enderby Town south,  8 feet wide and 4
inches deep.
Deposited gravel at various places in town of Enderby to the length of 1,350 feet, 8 feet
wide and 4 inches deep.
Fortune's Bridge and Fill.
Commenced to take down the old bridge near A. L. Fortune's on August 9th, and with
the available timber erected a temporary bridge for the accommodation of the
travelling public and settlers.
Filled in ends 100 feet long, 14 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
Hewed the necessary timber for new structure and delivered it on the site.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 14 feet long by 4 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Erected a new bridge on the old site, consisting of one 50-foot span, King truss, set on
framed bents 10 feet high; 4 corbels, each 8 feet, 10 by 14 inches; 4 stringers of
tamarac, each 52 feet feet long, 10 by 14 inches; truss beams, 28 feet, 10 by 14
inches; braces, 10 feet, 8 by 10 inches; sway brace 10 by 10 inches; truss rod,
1|- inches in diameter. Approaches to "the truss consist of 5 openings of 20 feet span
each, set on framed bents; average height, 9 feet; caps, 18 feet, 12 by 12 inches;
corbels, 8 feet, 10 by 14 inches; stringers, 10 by 14 inches, 4 to each bent. All
drift-bolted throughout and floored with 3-inch fir plank, 16 feet long and 4-inch
hand-railing. The ends are cribbed up with wing walls and filled in with earth and
stone. Length over all, 150 feet. The earth fill is 250 feet in length, and runs in
depth from grade to 10 feet; sloped 1| to 1 and 14 feet on top ; gravelled with one
coat of shelled rock. The steep grade to the last approach was cut down and material
utilised to make up the fill. The road on the west end at embankment was graded
up and improved for a length of 600 feet. The work was completed on October 1 2th,
and is a good and substantial job.
Logan-Dale Road.
Repaired the settlers' road, known as the Logan-Dale Road, on the east side of the
Spallumcheen River, 3 miles north from Enderby.
Cut out brush.
Ditched, graded and levelled off roadbed. Grubbed
600
Graded
3,600
Ditched
1,000
Cribbed
70
Filled in
30
Gravelled
300
3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 79
Mabel Lake Road.
Extends 8 miles in an easterly direction from Enderby, on the north side of Spallumcheen
River.
Widened the right-of-way of timber and brush.
Blasted out stumps.
Ditched and graded roadbed in wet places.
Made and repaired culvert.
Improved the road near the 8th mile for a length of 1,500 feet, locating it on higher and
dryer ground,
Straightened the alignment and eased steep grades.
Made general repairs throughout.
This road runs through a thickly-timbered  country, and will require a large amount of
work to make it first-class.    It is now in fairly good shape for the amount of travel
and hauling to be done.
Forest cleared    600 feet, 25 feet wide.
12
20 ii
3        ii        18 inches deep.
3 feet high.
12    ii   wide, 2 feet high.
8        ii 7 inches deep.
Made 8 culverts, averaging 14 feet long, 3J feet wide by 2 feet high.
Mara-Enderby Road (24th to 30th mile).
Improved a piece of the main road near the 27th-mile, 40 feet long, 22 feet wide; rebuilt culverts Nos. 101, 102, 103, 122, 123 and 124.
Salmon Arm Road.
Removed fallen timber from roadway near the 32nd mile and graded road near the 26th
mile.
Built a tool-house, 12 by 16 feet, at Enderby, for the safe storage of Government road
tools; used 2 by 4-inch scantling ; roof boarded and shingled ; sides boarded up and
battened; provided with double doors, hinges and lock.
Filled in washouts; built 1 culvert,  18 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet, and kept the piers of
Enderby Bridge clear of floating timber during high water in Spallumcheen River.
Mara-Enderby Road.
This road runs through an agricultural district on the east side of the Spallumcheen
River, connecting Mara, Mara Lake and Enderby—15 miles. Made general improvements during July between the 33rd and 36th miles ; widened the roadway by taking
out timber and stumps; graded and ditched.
Forest cleared     960 feet, 45 feet wide.
Grubbed 650    „    20
Excavated rock,    20    h     12        n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 70    „    14       „ 1|      „
Continued the work of improving the road during August.
Forest cleared      950 feet, 30 feet wide.
Ditched 210    „      21     „
Stoned 50    „      8
Gravelled 215    n      8       n 8 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 5 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Made some needed repairs near the south end of Mara Lake, on the east and west sides
of the river. Hauled gravel and rock to fill up chuck holes; ploughed and scraped
off the top of three steep grades. This road, as far as improved, is now of a more
permanent character. The country through which it traverses is low-lying and
thickly timbered, and, in consequence, road building is expensive. The balance of
the unimproved section is in a rough and soft state, and in places almost impassable.
A considerable quantity of farm products pass over this road to Mara Station for
shipment to various points. F 80 Public Works Report. 1903
Cut out and removed fallen timber blown over 15 miles of road by the heavy gale of
March 12 th.
Made some necessary repairs between the 33rd and 34th miles; ditched for a length of
340 feet, 2 feet wide; gravelled 40 feet, 6 feet wide and 10 inches deep. Removed
obstructions from under the creek bridges during high water; tightened up truss
rods and the nuts on the Mara swing bridge, No. 410, and removed log jams from
around the piers.
Removed obstructions of drift wood and guarded the Mara swing bridge during the log
drive.
Penticton-Nickel Plate Road.
This road was constructed between the months of June and December, 1900, by M. K.
Rodgers, assisted by a Government grant of $4,000, and extends from Penticton, at
the foot of Okanagan Lake, in a south-westerly direction a distance of about 30 miles
to the Nickel Plate Mining Camp, where hundreds of mining claims are located.
The camp is situated on 20-Mile Creek, a tributary of the Similkameen River, and
is 6,500 feet above sea level. A large amount of work is being carried on in the
way of developing and prospecting, and the results, so far, are very encouraging.
Rebuilt bridge destroyed by forest fires raging in this part of the district. This bridge,
which spans a gulch, is situate about a mile west of Fish Lake, near Tenas Creek,
and is 45 feet long, 15 feet high by 16 feet wide; cribbed abutments filled with rock
and earth; 4 stringers of round fir, barked and adzed off to a 4-inch face; covered
with fir poles, flattened ; hand-rail posts and braces of round fir poles. Burnt cribbing was renewed and road widened out in narrow spots.
Cribbed 120 feet, 2 to 4 feet high.
Excavated rock       225    n    5 feet deep.
Graded 3,000    „    4 feet wide.
Excavated rock 60    it    3        n
This road, for a considerable length, is built on very steep earth, solid and loose rock
slopes, and is dangerously narrow in spots for heavy freight teams, notably between
Fish Lake and the Rustle House, a distance of about 3 miles, and also between
Clarke's and the summit, a distance of 12 miles, is very narrow, being from 6 to 9
feet in width. In October it was necessary to put on a foreman and five men to
clear out earth and loose rock that had fallen down on the inside of road between
last-mentioned points, clean out ditches, put in pole drains and make general repairs
to enable freighters to get through with provisions and machinery. A large amount
of work, in the way of widening out roadbed, ditching and gravelling wet places, will
be required to be done before the road is in proper shape for the heavy traffic which
is gradually increasing. One 3|-ton roller, 1 road grading machine and 6 tool-
grinders were procured and used in the District, and have given perfect satisfaction.
East Riding—South Division.
Keremeos-20-Mile Creek Road (construction).
This road was built as a means of supply for the town of Hedley, on 20-Mile Creek, and
points beyond, and is 20 miles long. Starting from Keremeos, it passes through some
good agricultural land—bench and bottom—and there are about 15 settlers along its
route. Hedley, at the present time, has about 100 inhabitants, and there is a large
Indian Reserve in close proximity; in the town there is a saw-mill in operation.
There are a number of good mining prospects in the neighbourhood, but the Nickle
Plate Mining Company is the only one operating their property, and it is the intention of that company to treat their ore at the town of Hedley, where they are now
erecting machinery; consequently, this road will be their only means of transportation
during the coming winter and spring.    A mail route, but no regular mail. 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 81
Excavated rooks; widened grades; straightened alignment; cleaned out and levelled up
grades; cut back timber; blasted overhanging rocks and made a new piece of grade
about 3 miles from Keremeos, above high water of Similkameen River.
Excavated earth 595 feet by 12 feet by 3 feet.
Filled in 40      „       12      „      3    „
Camp McKinney-Rock Creek Road (construction).
This road, which commences 2 miles east of Camp McKinney, has been completed for a
distance of 4 miles. It runs through a heavily-timbered country, and will, when
completed, be considerably shorter than the old road to Rock Creek Camp, and will
also be a means of communication with the various mining camps in the vicinity The
agricultural interests are considerable in the adjoining districts of Anarchist Mountain
and Rock Creek, though the number of settlers along the route of the road are few.
A saw-mill at Camp McKinney supplies lumber to the settlers and mines adjacent.
Two mining properties are in operation at Camp McKinney, the Cariboo and Waterloo
Mines, and there is some placer mining on Rock Creek. The stage, with the mail,
runs by the old road at present, from Midway.
Completed 21,100 feet of this road. The formation is of a rocky nature, necessitating
pick and shovel work throughout. Grubbing and clearing right-of-way was also
heavy work.
Forest cleared      24,000 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 22,000    -,12
Graded 11,455    „     10
Excavated earth    9,645    n      2 n        by 8 feet.
Ditched 400    ,.     -2        ,.
Two culverts, averaging 4 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet deep.
Three bridges, 40 feet by 16 feet; 30 feet by 16 feet; 109 feet by 16 feet by 14 feet.
Keremeos Creek Crossing-Fish Lake Road (construction).
The length of this road is 5| miles, and its starting point is Keremeos Creek Crossing,
from whence it passes through a rocky canyon, which widens out towards its upper
end. The purposes of the road are for the development of mineral claims and to give
access to the Nickle Plate Mine from Keremeos and district adjoining, and to lessen
the distance and grade between Keremeos and Penticton. There is an Indian
reserve at its lower end, and a few ranches towards the upper part of the road.
Many good mineral properties lie in the vicinity, and there is a saw-mill about a mile
from the lower end of the road. Number of settlers, 3. The only mining property
in operation is the Nickle Plate Mine, though there are many other mineral claims
not yet being worked.
This road is of a fairly uniform grade throughout its entire length, the first 300 yards
being composed of broken rock, gravelled over. The course of Keremeos Creek is
followed to near Fish Lake, whence a level grade has been obtained along the west
side of the lake, from there rising gradually to its junction with the Penticton-Nickle
Plate Mine Road.
feet.
Forest cleared
29,040 feet by
30 feet.
Grubbed
28,000
8    ,,
Graded
10,243
10    „
Excavated earth
6,980
9    ,,    3 f
Filled in
622
8    „    2-i-
Excavated rock
4,758
8    „    2|
Gravelled
4,550
7    „      i
Corduroyed
40
14    „
Built 3 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 16 feet by 2|- feet.
Built 7 bridges, averaging 27 feet by 16 feet by 3-|- feet, of fir timber covering, 5 in. thick.
White Lake-Keremeos Road (repairs).
The length of this road is 21 miles, and its starting point is White Lake. The nature of
the country is both agricultural and mining. The road traverses the valley in which
is situated Horn Lake.    Crosses the divide, descending into the Keremeos Valley, F 82 Public Works Report. 1903
which it follows to Keremeos, passing through the mining camp of Olalla. The purposes
of the road are for a means of supply for Keremeos, Olalla, and an outlet for the ranches
situated thereon. All the agricultural land in the vicinity of the road is taken up,
cattle and hay being the principal products ; some fruit is also raised. The mining
interests are important, though the only mining property under development is the
Olalla. There is a saw-mill about 2 miles from Olalla. Number of settlers about
16.    This road is part of the Penticton-Keremeos mail route.
Several alterations of grades have been made on this road to avoid wash of water in
spring. At the summit excavated 26 feet by 8 feet by 2|- feet in smooth bed-rock,
and filled to the depth of 6 inches with broken rock, and gravelled; raised the
grade descending on the north side 3 feet in the centre of its length, to give a
uniform grade throughout. The rocks on the grades along Horn Lake have been
cleared out, banks sloped, and grades raised on the lower side; filled ruts both sides
of suhimit, and between there and Keremeos; re-covered and repaired culverts.
Filled in 420 feet, 10 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Excavated earth    450    n      9        n 3        n
Gravelled 160    n      7 n 6 inches deep.
Ditched 500    i,      2        „
Made 1 culvert, 15 by 14 by 2 feet.
Fairview-Penticton Road (repairs).
This road is the mail route between Penticton and Fairview, and is 26 miles long. The
country through which it passes is principally adapted to grazing, though there are
some bench and bottom lands cultivated, and fine meadows of clover, etc., in the
neighbourhood of Penticton. The agricultural interests are being developed, the
principal products being cattle, hay and fruit. The mining interests are considered
important, and the working claims include the Stemwinder Mine at Fairview, while
extensive development work is also being done on the Dominion Mine and other
properties. The lumbering interests are also looked after, there being a saw-mill at
Fairview and another at Penticton. The number of settlers along the road is about
and an Indian reserve is also traversed by this road.
Excavated rocks, ditched, raised and gravelled the road at Victoria Creek.
Made an alteration in the road about 4 miles from Fairview, to avoid steep hill.
Repaired aud cleaned out culverts.
Ditched    1,200 feet, 3 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,772     n    7 n 6 inches deep.
Filled in   2,710    „     2 „ 1 foot deep.
Graded     2,450    „    9
Made 2 culverts, averaging 7 feet by 14 feet by 3 feet.
Fairview-Osoyoos Road (roads in vicinity of, repairs),
The length of this road is 12 miles, its starting place being Fairview. It runs on the
west side of the Okanagan Valley, the country traversed being principally pastoral
land, and there is a scarcity of timber. This road is intended as an outlet for settlers
at Anarchist Mountain, in Okanagan Valley, and the adjacent part of Similkameen
Valley.
Built a bridge across a dry gulch to the east of the Government buildings, an easy grade
approaching it from the north, the south side being level.
Cleaned out ditches, levelled up grades, repaired and re-covered culverts,
Graded 420 feet by 10 feet.
Excavated earth    80      n       15 feet by 5 feet.
Filled in 364      .,      12        „    1    „
Built 1 bridge 22        „  16    n
Made 2 culverts, averaging   16 n    6    n by 3 feet by 5 feet.
Okanagan Falls-Rock Creek Road (repairs).
The length of this road is 56 miles, and its starting point is Okanagan Falls, where it
connects with the Fairview-Penticton Road. The road follows the Okanagan Valley
for the first 16 miles   principally through an agricultural and pastoral country; 3 Ed. 7 Yale District (East Riding). F 83
thence rises through a forest country to Camp McKinney, and descends to Rock
Creek, in the Kettle River Valley, through agricultural and grazing lands. The
agricultural interests of the section traversed are therefore important, cattle, horses,
hay and grain being produced. The settlers along this road number about 25. It
is the mail route from Camp McKinney to Rock Creek, and is a means of supply for
Camp McKinney, and also connects the Okanagan and Kettle River Valleys.
Levelled up road.
Raised and repaired the retaining wall along Vaseau Lake.
Gravelled the roadbed.
Built a new piece of road connecting this road with the road to Fairview from Camp
McKinney, which has shortened the distance and lessened the grade; rocks blasted
out on grades and ruts filled.
Cleaned out ditches,  repaired and  re-covered culverts ; corduroyed several soft places
between Camp McKinney and Rock Creek ; cut away timber overhanging road.
Graded
1,370 feet by 10 feet wide.
Excavated rock
60        M        5 feet wide
by
1   foot.
Filled in
8,350        „        9
2      „
Ditched
210        ,,        2
n ••
Gravelled
1,005        „       7
6 inches.
Excavated earth
700        „       9
2 feet.
Corduroyed
80        ,,      14 feet wide.
Fairview-Keremeos Road (repairs).
This road, which is 17 miles long, starts from Fairview and passes through forest, grazing
and agricultural lands. Large numbers of cattle are raised here; also horses, hay
and fruit. There are about 25 settlers, also an Indian village. The road is a means
of connection between the towns of Fairview and Keremeos and the districts
adjoining. Mining properties in the neighbourhood are already mentioned in foregoing paragraphs.
Repaired and re-covered culverts.
Excavated rocks.
Cleaned out grades.
Straightened the road at a point near Mrs. Daly's ranch, and lessened the grade thereby.
Okanagan River Bridge (construction).
The length of this bridge is 114 feet, and it crosses the Okanagan River at a point 2\
miles from Fairview, connecting Fairview with the Okanagan Falls, Rock Creek
Road.
Penticton-Beaverton Trail (35 miles).
Cleared out and cut away fallen and overhanging timber. F 84 Public Works Report. 1903
Lillooet District.
West Riding.
J. S. Bell, Superintendent.
Lillooet-Lytton Road (22 miles).
Mail from Lytton twice every week.     Nearly all the heavy freight for Lillooet and the
Bridge River Mines passes over this road.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides at Big Slide.
Cleared off gravel slides at Little Slide.
Cleared off sand and gravel slides near 29-mile post.
Filled ruts and made general repairs between 33 and 37-mile posts.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides from Fraser River Bridge to 45-mile post.
Scraped out sand, 150 feet long, 10 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
Excavated clay bank to improve a turn, 80 feet long, 5 feet wide, 6 feet high ;  used the
clay to fill in on top of the sand near 45-mile post.
Cleared out slides, widened turns, filled ruts and made general repairs between the 45
and 44-mile posts.
Scraped out sand, 150 feet long, 10 feet wide, 2 feet deep;  filled the above with cement
gravel.
Excavated earth and gravel, 1,450 feet long, averaging 9 feet wide and 3J feet deep.
Built culvert, 5 feet wide by 3 feet by 12 feet, covered with plank 3 inches thick.
Gravelled 250 feet long, 9 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cut sage brush, 1,590 feet long, 6 feet wide.
Excavated 500 feet of sand, 9 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Gravelled 500 feet long, 9 feet wide, 1|- feet deep.
The above work is between the 44 and 42-mile posts.
Shovelled out slides, filled ruts, and made general repairs between  the  42  and  41-mile
posts.
Made ditch with plow, 2,250 feet long, 10 inches wide and  9 inches deep,  to catch the
snow water.
Gravelled 655 feet long, 1^ feet deep, 9 feet wide, between the 41 and 40-mile posts, and
made general repairs.
Repaired and put a bent under a bridge at Little Slide.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides at Big Slide.
Excavated earth and gravel, 960 feet long,  2^ feet wide,   averaging 5^ feet high, near
27-mile post.
Built a crib 45 feet long, 19| feet high.
Filled in 45 feet, 5^ feet wide, 19| feet deep, with rock and gravel.
Excavated gravel 250 feet long, 10 feet wide, 2\ feet deep.
Cleared out rock and gravel slides and made general repairs between the 39 and 38-mile
posts.
Excavated 180 feet long, 4 feet wide, averaging 9 feet high, to improve the turn near the
38-mile post.
Excavated earth and gravel 570 feet long, 3 feet wide, 4 feet high, near the 27-mile post.
Cleared out slides, filled ruts and made general repairs between the 34 and 24-mile posts.
Built crib 50 feet long, 6 feet high; sloped high banks,  and made general repairs near
Fraser River Bridge.
Cut a ditch 1,600 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep, on upper side of the road near 38-
mile post.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides at Big Slide.
Cleared off sand and gravel slides near 29-mile post; and cleared rock slide at Little Slide. 3 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (West Riding). F 85
Lillooet-Clinton Road (35 miles).
Mail from Ashcroft via Marble Canyon twice every week.    This is the old Cariboo Road.
Cleared off slides and cut ice on the cut-off.
Cribbed    126 feet, averaging 8 feet high, near Fountain.
Filled in   115    ti 3 feet wide, 8 feet deep.
Cleared off gravel slides at the cut-off and loose rocks at 6-Mile Hill.
Ditched     2,660 feet long, averaging 1-J feet wide and 10 inches deep.
Gravelled  1,530        n 9 n 1 foot deep.
Made cut through ridge 120 feet long, 16 feet wide, averaging 2|- feet deep.    Used the
earth and gravel to fill low place in the road.
Filled old prospect shaft at the side of the road, 3 feet by 6 by 80 feet deep.
Built culvert, 16 by 4 by 2 feet, covered with 3-inch plank.
Made general repairs to 2nd mile post.
Cleared off gravel slides at cut-off.
Sloped banks and built stone wall at 6-Mile Hill, 15 feet long, 4 feet high.
Cleared out slides and made general repairs to 17-mile post.
Cleaned water ditches and removed loose rocks across Pavilion Mountain.
Turned off snow water north side of Pavilion Mountain.
Built stone walls 118 feet long, averaging 4|- feet high, at the cut-off near Fraser River
Bridge.
Cleared off gravel slide at cut-off and loose rocks at 6-Mile Hill.
Trail west side of Fraser River (75 miles).
Built bridge across a gulch opposite Big Bar, 20 feet long, 7 feet wide.
Cleaned out trail from near Lillooet to Bridge River Bridge.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides and made general repairs from 17 to 22-mile posts.
Cleaned trail and made general repairs near Big Bar.
Empire Valley Road (about 11 miles).
Cleared out mud and gravel slides, removed loose rocks and made general repairs.
Gang Ranch Road (6 miles).
Cleared out earth slides, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Main Street, Lillooet.
Put down 2 street crossings, each 80 feet long, 3 feet wide; plank, 2 inches thick.
Bridge River Road (about 60 miles).
Cleared off loose rock on Mission Mountain, and between 13 and 15-mile posts.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides,  and made general repairs from  summit of Mission
Mountain to Gun Creek.
Cut out fallen timber, removed loose rocks and made general repairs from Gun Creek to
Lome Mine.
Filled south pier of Gun Creek Bridge with rock.
Filled south pier of Tyaxon Creek Bridge with rock.
Anderson Lake Trail (20 miles).
Cut out fallen timber from foot of lake to Roaring Creek.
Cleared off gravel slides, cut out fallen trees, and made general repairs from foot of lake
to McGillivary Creek.
Seaton Lake Trail (18 miles).
Cleared out rock slide near 3-mile point.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides and made general repairs from foot of lake to Mission. F 86 Public Works Report. 1903
Road, Lillooet to Seaton Lake (3J miles).
Widened road at top of hill near Indian Reserve.
Cleared gravel slides, filled ruts and made general repairs from Lillooet to Seation Lake.
Built stone wall 16 feet long, 5 feet high.
Rip-rapped with rock on bank of Cayoosh Creek, 120 feet long, 4 feet high, to prevent
water washing the road.
Cleared off loose rocks and gravel slides.
Pemberton Portage Road (24 miles).
Cut out fallen timber from Anderson Lake to Poole Creek Bridge.
Built a bridge near Half-way House, 62 feet long, 12 feet wide, covered with split cedar.
Built a bridge over Birkenhead River, truss span, 60 feet; east approach, 40 feet; covered
with split cedar 12 feet long.
Marble Canyon Road (about 16 miles).
Mail route from Ashcroft to Pavilion and Lillooet.
Built a culvert near The Grange, 16 feet wide, 4 feet deep, covered with hewed timber 4
inches thick, 12 feet long.
Cleared off loose rocks and gravel slides from The Grange to Hat Creek.
Cleared off loose rocks and a gravel slide at the lake.
Trail, Mouth of Bridge River to North Fork (15 miles).
Cleared off rock and gravel slides and made general repairs from mouth of Bridge River
to 9-Mile Creek.
Cleared out gravel slides and loose rocks and made general repairs from 9-Mile Creek to
North Fork.
Hoey-Chadwick Road (about 11 miles).
Cleared out earth and gravel slides; removed loose rocks and made general repairs from
Cayoosh Creek Bridge to Dickey's Ranch.
Built crib under Riley Creek Bridge, 12 feet long, 3 feet wide, 4 feet high, and filled with
rock.
East Riding.
A. McDonald, Superintendent.
Cariboo Main Trunk Road, Sections 3 and 4 (Ashcroft to 132-Mile Post), 132 miles.
The road from Ashcroft traverses the Thompson and Bonaparte Valleys and Cut-oft'
Valley, and over the Green Timber plateau above Clinton to Lac La Hache Valley,
following same to the 132-mile post.
The country may be described as rolling, hilly and mountainous. Wayside settlers
(exclusive of the town of Clinton) number 52, who are engaged, principally, in
agriculture, stock-raising and dairying. The mails for Barkerville and way places
are carried over this road semi-weekly in summer and weekly in winter. The freight
hauled inwards during the year amounts to about 3,700,000 pounds, distributed as
follows : To points from Ashcroft to the 150-Mile House, including Dog Creek,
Pavilion, and intermediate places, 1,300,000 pounds; and to points above the 150-
Mile House, including Bullion, Quesnel Forks, Horse Fly, Chilcotin, and to all points
from the 150-Mile House to Barkerville, 2,400,000 pounds.
Work performed during the year between the 49th and 56th, and between the 68th and
124th-Mile posts :
Underbrush cut 26,220 feet, 30 feet wide, each side of road.
Ditched and turnpiked    32,250    i>      24        n
4,110    .,      20 5,300
14
12
19,800
i
11,475
H
18
1,595
6
it
145
,        9
9
110
■        4|
feet high.
3 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (East Riding). F 87
Gravelled 20,100 feet,  16 feet wide, 13 inches deep.
it
Old gravel rounded up
Ditched
Grubbed
Filled in rock
Corduroyed
All bad spots on road between Ashcroft and Clinton were repaired during the year and
the bridges across the Bonaparte and Cache Creek were overhauled and made
passable.
Clinton-Alkali Road, via Kelly's Lake (Clinton to Indian Meadows, near Canoe Creek,
44J miles).
The road from Clinton follows Cut-Off Valley to Kelly's Lake, 10 miles; thence along
Kelly Creek Valley, and thence over a rolling tableland to the Indian meadows at
the junction of the road with the Clinton-Alkali Road, via 44-Mile Post, Main Trunk
Road. The country, for the most part, is hilly and mountainous, and with the
exception of Cut-Off Valley, on account of high elevation, is fit only for stock-raising
and hay. There are only 4 settlers on this route, 2 in Cut-Off Valley and 2 near Big
Bar Creek. The mails for Dog Creek and Alkali Lake and way places are carried
over this route, in order to supply the Big Bar post office. This road is the outlet
for the settlers at Big Bar and Crow's Bar, on the Fraser River,
Work performed during the year between the 50 and 72-mile posts :—
Forest cleared     5,685 feet, 15 feet each side of road.
Graded                 6,560
II
4 feet wide
Excavated earth 4,520
II
3
it
1^ feet deep.
,i        rock      420
tl
4
H
il    -
Filled in earth    3,660
tl
8
ii
i
Ditched               8,425
II
2
ii
i
Gravelled             6,070
tt
9
n
10 inches deep.
Dug up rocks         820
It
8
ii
Cribbed                  185
11
H
feet high.
Made 7 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 15 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
Clinton-Alkali Road, via 44-Mile Post, M. T. Road (Clinton to Springhouse, 97 miles).
Leaving the 44-Mile Post, the road traverses a comparatively level country to the 60-Mile
Post; thence over rolling hills to Canoe Creek Valley; thence down the valley and
over Canoe Creek and Dog Creek mountains to Alkali Lake Valley; thence to the
high tableland at Springhouse. Wayside settlers number 14, who are engaged in
agriculture and stock-raising. All the freight from Ashcroft for Canoe Creek,
Empire Valley, Gang Ranch, Dog Creek and Alkali Lake goes via this road.
Work performed for the year between the 46 and 133-mile posts :—
Forest cleared   15,210 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded                 6,440
it
5
i
Filled in earth     3,570
ii
9
i         1 foot deep.
Excavated earth 9,740
ii
5
l-i-      ..
6,690
ii
4
1                  1                  11
Dug up rocks      9,720
it
8
1
Gravelled             4,810
it
9
i       10   inches deep
Grubbed              6,050
it
9
Canoe Creek-Churn Creek Ferry Road  (11 miles).
This road intersects the Clinton-Alkali Road at Canoe Creek House and follows the
benches of Fraser River to the ferry; thence connecting with the roads to Empire
Valley and Gang Ranch, in West Lillooet. With the exception of the hay and grain
ranch of the British Columbia Cattle Co., the ranches en route, also owned by the
same company, owing to scarcity of water, are adapted only for grazing purposes. II
4,425
Gravelled
120
Filled in
80
Rock wall
56
Cribbed
25
F 88 Public Works Report. 1903
Work performed during the year :—
Excavated 2,100 feet,   4 feet wide, 10   feet deep.
4 „ l-i-
9 it 10 inches deep.
16 it 2 feet deep.
6 feet high,
5
Hat Creek Road (Hat Creek to Marble Canyon, 14 miles).
The road follows the valley of Hat Creek, on either side of which are rolling hills covered
with bunch grass and timber. There are 2 settlers in the valley, engaged in agriculture and stock-raising. The Ashcroft-Lillooet mails are carried over this route
semi-weekly during the year.
Graded 980 feet, 3 feet wide.
Excavated 1,540    n    4        n 1^ feet deep.
Filled in 85    „    6 „ 1
Re-covered with round timber 1 bridge, 20 feet by 14 feet.
ti tt 1       ti      18      tt      14    it
1       ,,       10      „       14   j,
Made general repairs Hat Creek to Marble Canyon.
Upper Hat Creek Road (Marble Canyon to Pocock's, 12 miles).
Road follows the valley of Hat Creek. The valley is a succession of rolling hills, covered
with bunch grass and scattering timber. There are 7 settlers engaged in agriculture
and stock-raising.
Filled ruts and washouts and made general surface repairs.
Forest cleared        650 feet, 50 feet wide.
Excavated earth 1,340    n      4        n 1 foot deep.
Graded 1,120    n      4        n 4 feet wide.
Filled in 520    „      9 „ \j\
Replaced unsound timbers and overhauled all bridges.
Big Bar Road (Mountain House to Big Bar, 12 miles).
This road connects with the Clinton-Alkali Road via Kelly's Lake, and follows Big Bat-
Creek to the settlement on the benches of the Fraser River. There are four settlers
engaged in farming and stock-raising. A hydraulic mining company has a plant
operating on a bench of the Fraser. Five men are employed. A mail is carried over
the road to the Big Bar post office, weekly, durin.g the year.
Graded 485 feet, 3 feet wide.
Filled in 105    n    6 n 10 inches deep.
Excavated earth 940    n    4.        n 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs to road.
Upper Dog Creek Road (Dog Creek to Big Lake, 22 miles).
Connects with Clinton-Alkali Road at Dog Creek and follows the valley to Big Lake.
This section is for the greater part sloping hills and mountains, covered with bunch
grass and scattering timber. There are 4 settlers engaged in agriculture and stock-
raising.
Excavated earth 2,250 feet, 2\ feet wide, \\ feet deep.
.Filled in 160    „    6^ „ 1
Gravelled 420    „    9 „ 1
Built 1 bridge,     18 feetbv 12 feet by 6 feet.
1 culvert,    12       „   "     4       „       2     „
Dog Creek-Bridge Creek Road (Colin's to Bridge Creek, 30 miles).
Constructed as a winter road for the hauling of grain from Dog Creek to the Main Trunk
Road. The country traversed is rough and broken, and, being on a high elevation,
is covered with pine timber and wild hay meadows. 3 Ed. 7 Lillooet District (East Riding). F 89
Cut out fallen timber and made general repairs.
Cut underbrush      520 feet, 25 feet wide.
Forest cleared     1,250    i
40
tt
Excavated earth    575     t
4
it         2 feet deep.
Dug up rocks          760
,       9
,,
Cut out timber   7,600    i
i    long,
30 feet wide for new slei
Meadows.
jh road south of the Meason
Raphael's to Pigeon and Meason's Road (Raphael's to Meason's, 40 miles).
The country traversed is comparatively level the entire distance, and, with the exception
of the Dog Creek Valley and Dog Creek Mountain, is covered with fine timber.
Being on a high elevation, no farming is carried on, but it is a good grazing section.
By this road the distance from Clinton to Alkali Lake is shortened 8 miles, avoiding
the detour via Dog Creek.
Excavated earth 4,800 feet, 2 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Ditched 380    n     1|      n 1 foot deep.
Built bridge 12    ,,  10"      „ 3 feet.
Made 2 culverts,       12    n    4        it 3    n
Made general surface repairs.
Bridge Creek-Canim Lake Road (24 miles).
Connects with the Main Trunk Road at Bridge Creek and follows its valley to Canim
Lake. The country traversed is level and covered with grass and scattering timber.
The road is used by settlers and also by prospectors in the Canim Lake and Clearwater sections.
Built bridge, 4 stringers, 45 feet long.
Hewed covering 56 n 10 feet wide.
Hand-rail and ribbon put on.
Filled in earth       106 feet, 4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Excavated earth     45    n    4        n        2        n
McKinlay-Horsefly Road (4 miles).
This road extends from the 103-Mile Post, Main Trunk Road, to the intersection with the
108-Mile-Horsefly Road, and passes over a comparatively level section, covered with
grass and timber.
Corduroyed   95 feet, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled      40    n     10        n 12 inches deep.
Made general surface repairs.
108-Mile-Horsefly Road (50 miles).
Leaving the 108-Mile House, the road traverses rolling hills covered with timber and grass
a distance of 9 miles ; thence over a comparatively level country, covered with
timber, to Harper's Camp, Horsefly. Little or no agriculture is carried on, there
being but one settler on the route. Scarcely any traffic passes over the road at
present.
Corduroyed 300 feet, 12 feet wide
Ditched        780    ..      2        ■„ 1 foot deep.
Gravelled       80    n      9        n        8 inches deep.
Built 7 bridges, averaging 31 feet by 14 feet.
Re-covered bridge, Ill-Creek, 70 feet by 14 feet.
New hand-rail and ribbon put on.
Filled in earth 87 feet, 14 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Cut brush 8 miles, 5 feet on each side of road.
134-Mile House to Augustine's (15 miles).
Leaving the 130-Mile House, the road traverses the high tableland, covered with timber,
to the Chimney Creek Valley; thence along Chimney Lake over grass-covered
sloping hills, and thence to the intersection of the road with the Clinton-Alkali Road
at Springhouse. F 90 Public Works Report. 1903
Forest cleared 5J miles, 30 feet wide.
Corduroyed   185 feet,     14        n
Cut down knolls and filled hollows.
Dog Creek-Churn Creek Ferry Trail (6 miles).
This trail intersects the Clinton-Alkali Road at the top of the hill south of Dog Creek,
and thence extends over a rough, broken country to the Fraser at the ferry. The
mails for Gang Ranch and Empire Valley are carried over this trail. To avoid a
detour, via Canoe Creek, of 24 miles, it is proposed to construct a waggon road on
line of present trail, which will cost, approximately, $4,000.
Cut underbrush        425 feet, 6 feet wide.
Excavated earth 15,660    n    3        n        2 feet deep.
Built bridge 12    „  10 by 4 feet.
Mound-Upper Bonaparte Road (16 miles).
This road intersects the Main Trunk Road near the 37-Mile Post and extends to and up
the valley of the Bonaparte, traversing rolling hills covered with grass and scattering
timber.    There are 3 settlers, engaged in farming and stock-raising.
Put 4 new stringers in bridge, 35 feet long, 10 inches by 12 inches.
Renewed covering on       n       35        n 12 feet wide.
Made general repairs over 6 miles of road.
McKinlay, Hamilton and Ogden Road (8 miles).
Connecting with the Main Trunk Road at the 102-Mile Post and extending south over a
rolling country to wild hay meadows.
Forest cleared 26,000 feet, 30 feet wide.
Graded 1,760    n      4
Built bridge, 30 feet by 12 feet by 3 feet.
Rayson Road (14 miles).
This road extends from the Clinton Hill north over a level country, intersecting the
Clinton-Alkali Road at the 51-Mile Post. There are 3 settlers, engaged in hay and
stock-raising.
Excavated earth 150 feet, 4 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Dug up rocks   2,650    n    9        n
Gravelled 190    n    9        n 10 inches deep.
Ditched 310    „    4        „ 1 foot
Built 3 bridges, averaging 25 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Made 6 culverts        n 15      n        4      n      2    u
70-Mile House to Jamieson's (8 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road at the 70-Mile House and extends east over a timbered
country to Currie's Ranch.
Excavated earth 165 feet, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Dug up rocks      210    n    8        n
Corduroyed 275    .. 12        ,i
Built 2 bridges, each 38 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet high.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
70-Mile House-Green Lake Road (12 miles).
Intersects the Main Trunk Road at the 70-Mile House and extends north-east to Green
Lake, over a level grazing country. There are two settlers in the section, engaged
in stock-raising.
Excavated earth 850 feet, 6 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Corduroyed 24    n  14        n
Dug up rocks on 6 miles of road. 3 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Southern Division). F 91
Walker's Bridge, Bonaparte River.
Renewed timbers in straining beam truss, span 45 feet.
Built 2 new abutments, 10 feet wide, 9 feet high, and filled same with rock and gravel.
Renewed part of covering, 6 feet by 14 feet.
Morgan Bridge, Bonaparte River.
Used by settlers on east side of river, and by stockmen to and from the foothills.
Built new straining beam truss, 60-foot span.
it    2 new abutments, 10 feet wide, 10 feet high, filled with rock and gravel.
Mundorf Bridge, Bonaparte River.
Used by settlers and stockmen to and from east side of river, and by miners and prospectors on Scottie's Creek.
Put single truss, two 12-foot rods, on bridge, to prevent stringers from sagging.
Raised west approach by filling in 30 feet by 10 feet by 2 feet.
Put in brush and rock rip-rap at east abutment, to prevent wash.
Tool-House and Stable, Clinton.
Replaced earth roof by rafters, lumber and shingles, 35 feet by 25 feet.
Built new addition to tool-house, 12 feet square, 9 feet high, with lumber and shingles.
Cariboo District.
Southern Division.
R. McLaren, Superintendent.
Main Trunk Road (from 141-Mile House to Soda Creek—38 miles).
Starting at the 141-Mile House, on the Main Trunk Road to Cariboo, this section of the
road passes through an agricultural country, the number of settlers being 8. It is
the mail and stage route for all points north, and over this road freight destined for
all parts of Cariboo is hauled.
Graded, 1,416 feet; ditched, 5,733 feet; corduroyed, 390 feet; stoned, 120 feet; gravelled,
6,561 feet.
Built 13 culverts, averaging 21 feet long, 4 to 5 feet wide, 2\ feet deep.
Re-covered Soda Creek bridge with 2-inch plank, the only plank available.
Covered 1 bridge, south of Deep Creek, with poles, 20 feet long, 16 feet wide.
Removed loose rocks and dug out large ones from roadbed for a distance of 12 miles.
158-Quesnel Forks Road.
This road, which is 48 miles in length and starts at the 158-Mile House, M. T. Road, is
the principal and most direct means of communication from points to the south with
the Quesnel Forks and Keithley Creek Mining Divisions of the Cariboo District. The
land along its route is both mineral and agricultural, and there are 5 settlers. It is a
mail route.    There are two hydraulic mines in operation at Quesnel Forks. F 92 Public Works Report. 1903
Forest cleared 70,776 feet; graded 23,676 feet; ditched 21,957 feet; corduroyed 1,074
feet; gravelled 17,514 feet.
Built 2 bridges, 25 feet long, 19 feet wide, 4 feet deep, timber averaging from 8 to 20
inches.
Built 37 culverts, averaging 19 feet long, 2 to 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
150-Horsefly Road.
This road starts at the 150-Mile House, and its length is 35 miles. The land is partly
agricultural and partly timbered and swampy, and the number of settlers is 6. It
is the mail and freight road to the Horsefly mines, of which there are 3 in operation.
Forest cleared 21,402 feet; grubbed 5,934 feet; graded 12,369 feet; ditched 3,342 feet;
corduroyed 525 feet; excavated earth 90 feet; excavated rock 225 feet; filled in
625 feet.
Built 35 culverts, averaging 16 feet long, 2J to 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep; dimensions of
timber, from 7 to 15 inches.
108-Horsefly Road.
The total distance from the 108-Mile Post to the Forks of the Horsefly is, approximately, 98 miles, divided as follows: 108-Mile Post to Harper's Camp, 48 miles;
Harper's Camp to Forks of Horsefly, 50 miles; and it is 13 miles further to Eureka
Creek. During the year 1900 work was done on the portion of this road from
Harper's Camp to Half-way House, 20 miles; and the work done this year (to 30th
June, 1902) was on a section of 26 miles, from the Half-way House towards
Horsefly. The road passes through an agricultural and timbered country, and is
intended for a freight road to the Horsefly mines. There are only two settlers on
its route.
Forest cleared 15 feet; grubbed 465 feet; graded 2,601 feet; ditched 723 feet; corduroyed 1,248 feet; excavated rock 175 feet; excavated earth 450 feet; filled in 849
feet; cribbed 42 feet; gravelled 1,737 feet.
Built 6 bridges, total length, 263 feet, 8 to 20-foot spans; timber used, from 12 to 20
inches.
Built 12 culverts, averaging 20 feet long, 4 feet wide.
Williams Lake-Chimney Creek Road.
The starting point of this road is the 150-Mile House, and its length is 20 miles. It runs
through an agricultural country, and the number of settlers is 4. It is a freight and
mail road.
Graded 18,300 feet; ditched 1,650 feet;  gravelled 1,350 feet; changed road 7,401 feet.
Built 8 culverts, 14 feet long,   2 feet wide; timber used, from 8 to 12 inches.
Built 1 bridge,    17 n 16 n 6 feet high.
General repairs were made on the entire length of the road.
Alexandria Road.
This road runs from  Beaver Lake to Alexandria, a distance of 16 miles, through an
agricultural and timbered country.    It is a freight road, and accommodates 2 settlers.
Graded 2,175 feet, and general repairs made for a distance of 8 miles.
Alkali Lake Road.
This road starts from the Main Trunk Road 1 mile south of the 150-Mile House, and its
length is 25 miles, the country traversed being agricultural and timbered, also hilly.
Road used for farming purposes, there being 3 settlers along its route.
Forest cleared 1,800 feet; grubbed 1,200 feet; graded 3,071 feet; ditched 2,490 feet;
excavated rock 23,949 feet; gravelled 12,399 feet.
Built 3 culverts, 16 feet long, 3 feet wide; timber used, from 8 to 14 inches. 3 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Northern Division). F 93
Bridge Road.
The starting point of this road is  2  miles south-west of Isnardy's, and its length is 7
miles.    It is an open agricultural district, and the number of settlers is 2.
Forest cleared 470 feet; grubbed 470 feet; cribbed 321 feet; excavated earth 5,501 feet;
filled in 415 feet.
Built 3 culverts, 63 feet in all, 8 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Built 2 bridges,  54        n 12-foot spans, and 1 bridge 75 feet long.     Abutment on
north side of creek, 30 feet long; on south side, 25 feet long; dimensions of timber,
from 8 to 36 inches.
Beaver Lake Valley-Horsefly Road.
Starts from Beaver Lake and has a length of 24 miles, passing through an agricultura
and mining country; number of settlers, 7.
Forest cleared 32,835 feet; graded 31,651 feet; corduroyed 96 feet.
Built 6 bridges, 183 feet in all, 9-foot spans; dimensions of timber, 12 to 18 inches.
Quesnel Forks-Quesnel Lake Road.
Starts from Quesnel Forks, and is 7 miles long, passing through a mining country.
Cribbed 51 feet; built 2 culverts, 15 feet long, 3 feet wide ;   timber used, 8 to 12 inches.
Made general repairs for entire distance of road.
Barkerville-Keithley Creek Trail.
This mail route and pack-trail between  Barkerville and  Quesnel Forks is 40 miles in
length and touches at Keithley Creek and other points en route.    It runs through a
heavily timbered country and a distinctly mining district.
Forest cleared 42,360 feet; grubbed 10,560 feet; graded 19,140 feet; ditched 3,540 feet;
corduroyed 930 feet; excavated earth 840 feet; excavated rock 420 feet.
Built 10 culverts, 10 feet wide, 8 feet long; timber used, from 6 to 12 inches.
Horsefly River Road.
Starts from Harper's Camp and is 9 miles in length.    Runs through an agricultural,
mining and timbered country, with but 1 settler.
Graded 63 feet; corduroyed 120 feet.
Built 4 bridges, 12 feet long, 15 feet wide, 4 feet high, 6-foot spans; timber used, from 8
t» 15 inches.
Quesnel River Trail.
This trail starts at Little Lake and runs to Beaver Mouth, a distance of 26 miles through
a mining country, burnt and hilly.
Forest cleared 84,480 feet; corduroyed 45 feet; general repairs for entire length of trail.
In regard to the amount of freight hauled inward over the above roads. The only returns
so far sent in are those of the Consolidated Cariboo Hydraulic Mining Company,
who, in the past season of 1902, hauled over 276 tons, including explosives, mining
supplies and provisions.
Northern Division.
Jos. H. St. Laurent, Superintendent.
Eight-Mile Lake and Stewart Creek  Road.
This road is 13 miles long, and runs through a mountainous and swampy country,  and
accommodates 12 mining companies.
Forest cleared
2,545 feet,
12 feet wide.
Graded
3,205    t,
10
Ditched
525    i,
21      „
Grubbed
612    „
9
Cribbed
90    i,
3 feet high.
Corduroyed
138    „
12 feet wide. F 94 Public Works Report. 1903
Excavated earth      9,000 square feet.
Made 14 culverts,  averaging 56 feet, 12 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 2 bridges, „ 48    „     12 „ 3
Slough Creek Road.
Extends 2 miles from Main Trunk Road, over flat and good ground; accommodates   4
mining companies.
Forest cleared 4,300 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded
4,300    ,
16        ,
Grubbed
4,300
,    16
Excavated earth
600    ,
,     12
i         3 feet deep
it         rock
1,000
,    16
,        41      „
Built 1 bridge,
307    ,
16        ,
i        4 feet high
Lowhee Creek Road.
Extends 3 miles from Barkerville, through a mountainous, wooded and swampy country,
and accommodates 6 mining companies.
Gravelled   4,715 feet, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched      2,200    „     2
Built 1 bridge, 36 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4 feet high.
Dragon Creek Road.
Extends 4 miles from Slough Creek Road ; mountainous,  wooded and swampy country ;
accommodates 3 mining companies.
Forest cleared      1,285 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,157    „     12
Graded 1,887    ..      8
Ditched 190    „       2
Excavated earth  3,630 square feet.
ii rock    1,864
Made 8 culverts, averaging 32 feet, 12 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Mosquito Creek.
Extends   2   miles from Main Trunk  Road;  flat,  muddy  soil; accommodates   4  mining
companies.
Graded      1,000 feet, 8 feet wide.
Gravelled     700    „    7        n
Cleaned ditches and made general repairs.
Barkerville-Stanley Old Road.
Leaves Main Trunk at Stanley,   14 miles from Barkerville; mountainous and  wooded.
Used in summer for light traffic.
Bridges have been repaired for light traffic; large washouts repaired ; fallen timber cut
out, and all obstructions removed from the road.
Trail, Grouse, Antler and Cunningham Creeks.
It is 18 miles from Barkerville to Cunningham, through a mountainous,  wooded and
swampy country, and this trail accommodates 12 mining companies.
Forest cleared      1,400 feet, 11 feet wide.
Grubbed
400
ii
10
Graded
5,700
ii
10
Ditched
9,895
n
2
Corduroyed
92
tt
12
Cribbed
381
tt
3 feet high.
Excavated earth
510
it
12 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
ii         rock
410
H
5£      „         21      „
Filled in
211
ti
3J      „         3
Built 1 bridge,
30
,,
12         it         6 feet high.
Repaired Antler Creek Bridge, raising 100 feet of the stringers at one end of the bridge
1 to 2 feet. 3 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Northern Division). F 95
Grouse Creek Road.
Removed large slides, turned off water from the road and removed rock from roadbed ;
accommodates 6 mining companies.
Peter Creek Road.
Extends 2 miles from Main Trunk Road, through wooded, flat and swampy country;
accommodates 3 mining companies.
Ditched        120 feet, 2 feet wide.
Corduroyed 213    ,.10
Gravelled      111    „    8        n
Made 1 culvert, 4 feet, 10 feet wide, and made general repairs.
Hardscrabble  Road.
Extends 3 miles from Mosquito Creek Road through swampy ground; accommodates 3
companies.
Forest cleared 7,920 feet, 6 feet wide.
Graded 4,410    „    2\      ,.
Ditched 350    „    l|      „
Corduroyed 400    n  10        n
Made 7 culverts, averaging 25 feet, 10 feet wide, \\ feet deep.
Goat River Trail.
Mountainous, wooded and swampy; 75 miles to Fraser River from Bear Lake; accommodates prospectors.
Fallen timber has been cut out.
Summit Creek-Bear Lake Trail.
Wooded and swampy; 17 miles ; accommodates prospectors and trappers.
Snowshoe Mountain Trail.
Mountainous, wooded and swampy; 25 miles; accommodates travellers from Barkerville
and Quesnel Forks.
Timber cut out and removed from the trail.
Sugar Creek Trail.
Extends 10 miles from Hardscrabble Road ; mountainous, wooded and swampy; accommodates 2 mining companies and prospectors.
Fallen timber has been cut out and removed from the trail.
Cottonwood River Road.
Extends from Main Trunk Road 16 miles to mouth of Cottonwood River-; wooded and
swampy ; accommodates 1 farmer and 4 mining companies.
Fallen timber cut out and removed from the road.
Holt, Stabler and Yargeau Road.
Extends from Quesnel to Yargeau Ranch, 8 miles.    Good ground for road; accommodates
4 farmers.
Widened  roadbed, straightened turns, filled holes, cut down knolls, filled  hollows  to
improved grade, and made general repairs.
Baker Road.
Four miles long; accommodates 4 farmers.
Widened the roadbed, straightened turns and filled hollows.
Trail, west of Fraser River (34 miles).
Accommodates 4 farmers and packers.
All fallen timber has been cut out and removed from the trail. F 96 Public Works Report. 1903
Winter Road, 6 miles above Soda Creek.
This road is 10 miles long and is used instead of the Main Trunk Road during the winter.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet, 18 feet wide, 8 feet high.
Re-covered 1 bridge,      8    n    18        n
Filled in large wash-out.
Mud Lake Road (7 miles)
Accommodates 4 farmers.
Removed slides, filled washout and ruts, removed rocks from roadbed.
Steamboat Landing Road (-\ mile, at Soda Creek).
Forest cleared 200 feet, 50 feet wide.
Grubbed 100    „    20
Graded 500    „     10
Made 1 culvert, 6 feet, 22 feet, 2 feet deep.
Re-built 1 bridge, 30 feet, 18 feet wide.
Springfield Farm Road (6 miles).
Accommodates one large farm.
Forest cleared 300 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 300    n    20
Graded 600    „    12
Ditched 6,000    n       2
Excavated earth     150    u    20        u        6 feet deep.
Filled in 200    „    20        „        3 feet high.
Deep Creek Road.
This is a winter road, 2 miles from Deep Creek, and crosses the Fraser River when frozen.
Removed slides.
Constructed a cage to cross the Fraser River over the cable during the winter season,
built with lumber, 4 feet wide, 8 feet long, 4 feet high, with sufficient iron to hold it
together to be safe, and with working cylinder and crank inside cage.
Constructed a road at each landing of the cage, to load and unload goods and passengers.
This cage has been and will continue to be a great advantage to the public during the
winter season, when the river is impassable for the ferry boat.
Quesnel River Road (20 miles).
Extends from Main Trunk Road to Beaver Creek, on Quesnel River, through a wooded,
mountainous and rocky country; accommodates 6 mining companies.
Corduroyed 870 feet, 8 feet wide.
Corduroy repaired.
Bridges re-covered, 170 feet, 10 feet wide.
tt      repaired.
Cut out fallen timber and removed ice and snow.
Sunnyside Farm Road.
West of Fraser River, 5 miles ; accommodates 5 farmers.
Cleaned slides, removed rocks from roadbed, filled in ruts and washouts, and made general
surface repairs.
Beaver Lake Road from Alexandria (18 miles).
Country is rocky, wooded and swampy.    Part of branch road to Quesnel Forks ;  accommodates 4 farmers.
Forest cleared 405 feet, 16   feet wide.
Grubbed
675
„    16
Ditched
675
„      1|
Graded
675
„    14
Corduroyed
648
.,    12
Made 3 culverts, averaging 12 feet, 12 feet wide, 3 feet deep. 3 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Northern Division). F 97
Carson Road.
One mile from Main Trunk Road ; accommodates one farm.
Widened the roadbed, straightened turns and filled in ruts.
Chilcotin Main Road.
This road is 130 miles long and runs from Soda Creek to Copeland Ranch, Chilcotin. It
is a mail route, and accommodates all the farmers, ranchers and cattle-raisers in that
valley.
Forest cleared  15,840 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 500    „      8        „
Ditched 2,100    „      2
Corduroyed 525    n    10        ..
Gravelled 2,400    „      8        „
Cleaned out bank slopes; cleaned ditches; removed rocks from roadbed; cut out and
removed fallen timber, and made general repairs throughout a distance of 100 miles.
Extended 6 miles.
Forest cleared   21,120 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,760    .,      9
Built 4 bridges,       72    „    14        „
Davis Ranch Road.
Runs 2 miles from Main Chilcotin Road ; accommodates 1 cattle-raiser.
Graded 2,754 feet, 7 feet wide.
Cotton Ranch Road.
Seven miles from Main Chilcotin Road; accommodates 1 farmer and cattle-raiser.
Filled in washout and removed rocks from roadbed.
Beaumont Ranch Road.
Extends 8 miles from Main Chilcotin Road, for use of 1 farmer and stock-raiser.
Graded 300 feet, 8 feet wide.
Removed large quantity of big rocks from roadbed, and made general repairs for a
distance of 7 miles.
Lee Hill (3 miles).
Leaves the Main Chilcotin Road on the top of the hill and connects on Main Chilcotin
Road at Lee House.
Forest cleared 900 feet, 15 feet wide.
Graded 500    „      8
Excavated earth 25    n    10        u 1^ feet deep.
Filled in 12    „    10        „        %
Johnston & Bros.' Ranch Road.
Extends 7 miles from Main Chilcotin Road; accommodates 3 farmers and cattle-raisers.
Graded 2,000 feet, 4 feet wide.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 13 feet, 15 feet wide.
Built 2 bridges, n        30    n      9        n 6 feet high.
Alexis Creek Road.
Extends 8 miles from the Main Chilcotin Road ; accommodates 2 stock-raisers.
Grubbed 1,500 feet, 8 feet wide.
Graded    1,500    „    8
.Built 2 bridges, 30 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Widened roadbed and removed rock from same. F 98 Public Works Report. 1903
Big Creek Road.
Extends 13 miles from Main Chilcotin Road; accommodates 5 stock-raisers.
Forest cleared 42,240 feet, 12 feet wide.
Graded 640    „      8
Made 1 culvert,       4    i,     10        ,,
Chilcotin River Bridge (repairs).
Constructed 1 pier with 12 piles, driven in 2 rows, forming a cutwater, with cap on each
row, 12 by 12 inches (piles driven in hard clay formation); planked 6 feet above low
water mark. Constructed 1 pier with 18 piles; this pier is constructed to form a
breakwater from the pier to the bank of the river, at an acute angle, to turn the
water from the bank. Constructed 1 span with 3 new stringers, 10 by 16 inches,
65 feet long; used one of the old trusses. Constructed 1 span, 59 feet long, with 3
new stringers, 10 by 16 inches; new trusses, timber 10 by 10 inches; new corbels,
10 by 16 inches, 15 feet long. Constructed 1 span, 44 feet; used old timber; new
corbels. Constructed 1 span, 44 feet; used old stringers; 34 feet is flooring with
hewn timber ; balance of flooring is new and old plank. Ribbon-poles and hand-rails
put on.
Cariboo Main Trunk   Road (Sections 5 and 6).
From Soda Creek to Barkerville, 116 miles; from Soda Creek to Quesnel, 56 miles; flat,
wooded country, mud soil, requiring a great deal of gravel. This section is mostly agricultural,
20 farms and a great deal of placer mining on the Fraser River near the total length of this
section.    Mail route.
From Quesnel to Barkerville, 60 miles ; wooded and mountainous, cut by deep gulleys
requiring culverts and bridges.
With the exception of 5 or 6 farms, this section accommodates the mining sections of
Cariboo proper, as from its terminus all the branch roads and trails mentioned in the following
report lead to various mining properties.    It is also a mail route.
March.
Hauled planks from Quesnel to  Cottonwood River Bridge ; repaired washouts, opened
culverts and ditches and turned off water from the road.
May.
20 feet wide.
5        it
3
2 feet high.
3 feet wide, 6 feet deep.
13 ii 9 inches deep.
13         t, 9
5        .,        12
Made 2 culverts, averaging 10 feet, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Removed slides ; opened culvert and ditches, turning off water.
June.
Forest cleared
5,175 feet
Grubbed
2,100    „
Ditched
2,950    „
Cribbed
100    „
Excavated earth
100    „
Filled in
200    „
Gravelled
3,450    „
Turnpiked
1,050    ,i
Forest cleared
8,800 feet, 16 feet wide
Grubbed
4,300    ..      6
Ditched
9,970    „      2
Graded
1,870    i,      5
Turnpiked
1,670    ,i      5
Macadamised
750    ,i    14
Gravelled
13,033    „    10
12 inches deep.
6
18
Made 5 culverts, averaging 25 feet, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Re-covered 1 bridge, 10 feet, 18 feet wide. 3 Ed. 7
Cariboo District (Main Trunk Road).
F 99
July.
Forest cleared
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched
Cribbed
Filled in
4,645 feet, 25 feet wide.
3,500    „      5
1,506    „      4
high.
2 feet deep.
13,520    „      2
20    i,      3 feet
10,520 square feet.
500 feet, 8 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
1,200    ii  12        it 6 inches deep.
3,500    „    5        ,i        11 ,i
18,570    „  12        ,i        11
Made 9 culverts, averaging 45 feet, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
August.
9,600 feet, 20 feet wide.
500   ii      8
Macadamised
Turnpiked
Gravelled
Forest cleared
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched
Cribbed
Macadamised
Turnpiked
Excavated earth
Filled in
Gravelled
3,136
10,038
60
1,800
3,136
1,350
12
1,876
If
4 feet high.
12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
5 „      12
12        ,i        8
8 inches deep.
12 feet wide, 10 n
Made 9 culverts, averaging 40 feet, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Repaired 2 small bridges.
Re-covered 3        n
Made 200 feet of breakwater, with brush, to protect road from being washed away.
September.
Forest cleared 12,800 feet, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,900    „      6-1      n
Graded 1,750    „    18
Ditched 5,250    „      2|       ,.
Turnpiked 550    n      6        n        12 inches deep.
Gravelled 7,200    „    11        „ 9
Made 2 culverts, averaging 10 feet, 18 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Built 3 bridges, „ 54    n    18        „ 5 „
October.
Forest cleared 5,280 feet, 30 feet wide.
Ditched 1,200    „      3
Turnpiked        1,200    i,      6 n 12 inches deep.
Gravelled 1,200    „    10        „ 15
Made 1 culvert, 8 feet wide, 18 feet long, 2 feet deep.
July and August.
Built 1 bridge across Willow River, 107 feet in length, 16 feet wide, with abutments and
3 piers, 8 feet high, floored with 3-inch plank ; hand-rail put on, 4 by 4 scantling.
Constructed 500 feet of road from the Main Road to the bridge.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 15 feet, 20 and 30 feet wide, 3 feet high.
The winter road from Cottonwood to Barkerville was kept open by the Government team
last winter, and it has given better satisfaction to the public than when it was let
by contract.
March
Cleaned out slides, opened ditches, filled ruts, cut out fallen timber, and put in new
flooring on Quesnel River Bridge, where required.
April.
Timber for cribbing, to the amount of 2,270 feet, was taken out 8 miles above Quesnel,
rafted down the river to Quesnel and hauled on the bank of the river. F 100 Public Works Report. 1903
May.
Cleaned out slides and fallen timber;    repaired bridges   and culverts,   filled   washout;
opened ditches; filled ruts.    Built a bulkhead with trees to turn off water from the
road at the mouth of Lowhee Creek.
June.
Cleaned out slides; filled washouts; filled ruts; cleaned ditches; repaired bridges and
culverts; removed rock from roadbed ; re-covered 1 bridge.
Omineca Division.
Victoria, B. C, November 5th, 1902.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report of work done upon the Hazelton-
Manson Trail for the year ending 30th June, 1902 :—
The trail has never been surveyed, but the approximate length is about 196 miles. The
starting point is at Hazelton, a village situate at the forks of the Skeena River, and the head
of steamboat navigation, and is the shipping point for all supplies destined for the Omineca
Mining District, as well as all Hudson Bay Posts in the interior of what was known as the
District of New Caledonia. This trail is also the mail route to Babine, Tom, Vital, Germansen,
Manson, Slate and Lost Creeks.
The nature of the country traversed by the Hazelton-Manson Trail is very diversified, as
the trail running, as it does, almost due east and west, crosses three ranges of mountains, with
their intervening valleys. The country can certainly be classed as rough, and was at one time
heavily covered with a growth of pine and spruce of good size and quality, but forest fires have
of late years overrun the whole District, and for miles at the present time nothing but a mass
of dead fallen timber and undergrowth of willow are to be seen. For the first 35 miles from
Hazelton the trail follows the valley of the Bulkley and Sustoot or Bear River, and is hilly,
caused by the deep gulches running down the mountain sides into these streams ; from the 35-
mile point the trail gradually rises to the summit of the Babine Mountain, and from this point
(35-mile point) to Babine, a distance of about 21 miles, the worst portion of the trail is met
with, the bottom being very wet, with quantities of boulders and many soft places. A good
bridge is built over the Babine River. From Babine Lake to Tacla Lake, a distance of about
40 miles, the trail gradually ascends the Fire-pan Mountain, crossing Deep Creek just about
the summit. This creek is rightly named, as the descent to the bottom of the gulch is over
1,000 feet, which height is again climbed on the other side.
From Babine to this point the country is mostly covered with green timber and, consequently, the trail is for the most part wet, but has a hard bottom ; from Deep Creek to Tacla
Lake is a gradual descent. The country has been swept clean by fire, little or no timber is
standing, and, in fact, very little has been left on the ground. The country is dry and the
trail very good indeed.
A scow ferry, built by an Indian at his own expense, is in operation on the lake, which
at this point is 2|- miles wide, and has proved a great convenience to pack trains and travellers
in general. From the east shore of the lake to Tom Creek, a distance of 25 miles, the country
is about evenly divided by green and burned timber. The divide between the Pacific and the
Arctic water-shed is here crossed. Three and a half miles east of Tom Creek the trail branches,
one branch running down Silver Creek to Vital Creek, a distance of 15 miles, and the main
trail winding over the Tom Creek Mountain to Manson, a distance of about 65 miles. The
country has nearly all been swept by fires, the timber is large, trail bottom generally good, but
long stretches of very soft places, which have had to be drained.
: At Germansen Lake a raft ferry is in operation, worked by a rope cable across the
Narrows. The trail follows the north shore of Germansen Lake for 12 miles to its outlet into
Germansen Creek, down the creek 3 miles, then down the valley of Slate Creek on to Manson.
From Manson the trail has been extended to Lost Creek, a distance of 4 miles, where it has
been opened up and down the creek for a distance of about 3| miles to the different mining
properties being developed.
The purposes of this trail are communication from salt water via the Skeena River and
Hazelton to the Omineca Mining District, and is used for the packing of all machinery,
supplies and provisions to the different camps operating in the District.    It is also the route 3 Ed. 7 Cariboo District (Omineca Division). F 101
used by the Hudson Bay Company for the transportation from  Hazelton to Babine  of all
supplies for that post, as well as for Fort St James, Fort McLeod and Fort Grahame.
There are no settlers located along this trail, although there are some points that could
be made into good farms if cleared.
The number of mining properties served by the Hazelton-Manson Trail is 27, employing
an average of 150 men. This trail is also used as a mail route into the District. The mining
being placer or hydraulic, no ore is hauled out.
The amount of freight carried over this trail during the past year is as follows :—
All mining companies and individual miners and prospectors, about 850,000 pounds;
Hudson Bay Company, 167 tons.
The repairs done during the past year upon this trail have been, first:—The annual
cutting away of fallen timber, which has been especially heavy, owing to the very severe winds
which prevailed both in the fall and spring all over the Omineca District; the repairs to all
corduroys and approaches; the grading and widening of the trail along side-hills; the cutting
out of roots and removal of boulders, making of ditches, repairs to existing bridges and
building of four new ones, besides repairs to and a new cable for the ferry at Germansen Lake.
From Hazelton to Nine-Mile Creek very little repairs were needed, as for that distance
the trail is in fair condition. From Nine-Mile on to Twenty-Mile Creek all side-hills have
been graded and widened, and about 400 feet of ditch excavated, a great many roots cut out
and boulders removed, and the hill at Eighteen-Mile Creek, which had slid for a considerable
distance, re-graded and widened. From here to the Forks of the Susqua River the work has
been principally repairing approaches to corduroys, draining mudholes and cutting out brush.
From the Forks to Babine a great deal has had to be done, as this portion of the trail, as
stated above, is the worst section on the whole distance from Hazelton to Manson, Some
2,000 feet of ditching has been made in many places, replacing worn-out corduroy; the subsoil
being gravel, when thrown on to the trail has made a good solid passage over some very bad
spots ; all approaches to corduroys have been repaired and a large amount of boulders thrown
out of the trail.
The bridge at Babine has been re-floored with whip-sawn planks two inches thick, laid
length-ways over the old flooring. Length of the bridge, 240 feet; 2,640 feet of planking-
was used. From Babine to the summit of the Fire-Pan Mountain the trail bottom is fairly
good, but, through the green timber, wet in many places; drainage has been made wherever
feasible. From the summit to Tacla Lake little or no repairs are needed. Between Tacla and
Tom Creek the trail has been repaired in the worst places by ditching, approaches to corduroys
put in, and brush cut. From Tom Creek to the summit of Tom Creek Mountain about 600
feet of ditching has been made, and some of last year's ditches cleaned out and deepened.
From Tom Creek Mountain to Manson, with the exception of a few places ditched and corduroys repaired, not much work has been done this year. No repairs were made to Vital Creek
Trail other than building a bridge 40 feet long over Silver Creek. A bridge was also built
over Germansen Creek, 44 feet long.
That portion of the trail from Manson to Lost Creek was repaired by cutting out all
fallen timber, repairing corduroys and building two small bridges.
There still remains a greal deal to be done to this trail, and for next year I would respectfully suggest that ditching be continued on that portion between Hazelton and Babine,
especially on Babine Mountain. From Babine to the summit of the Fire-Pan Mountain root-
cutting and ditching is also badly needed. From Tacla to Tom Creek also requires drainage,
and along Tom Creek Lake, which is four miles in length, the trail has been run on the north
side over a very rough portion of country, while on the south side an old trail exists, which,
if cleared of fallen timber, can be made a good trail for much less than repairs to the present
one used would cost.    The south trail is level, while the present trail is one succession of hills.
Other than clearing fallen timber off the Vital Creek Trail, no repairs will be needed
next year. From Tom Creek to Manson some more drainage will be needed, and new float
logs required for the raft ferry at Germansen Lake.
The two pack-horses bought this spring, for use on the trail, are being wintered in the
Bulkley Valley; all tools and camp outfit are stored at the Hudson's Bay Company Post at
Hazelton. I have, etc.,
Fred. W. Valleau,
The Honourable Government Agent.
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B. C. F 102 Public Works Report. 1903
West   Kootenay   District.
Revelstoke Riding.
Illecillewaet Settlers' Road.
Commences at Revelstoke and runs 3 miles south through fairly good farming land.
This road is used for agricultural purposes. It affords communication to Revelstoke
for at least 12 farmers.
Grubbed 4,000 feet, 14 feet wide.
Excavated earth     100    n      8        u
Greeley Creek Waggon Road.
Commences at Revelstoke and runs through good bench lands for a distance of 9 miles
east, and affords farmers access to Revelstoke by team. This road gives relief to 10
farmers.
Forest cleared   5,280 feet, 16 feet wide.
Graded 15,840
Ditched 99    „      2
Corduroyed 150    ii    12
Cribbed 120
Excavated rock    120
Filled in 3,000
Built 3 bridges, averaging 30 feet long by 12 feet.
it    3 culverts, n 6 by 6 by 12 feet.
Made general repairs.
Fish River Waggon Road (east side).
This road starts from Beaton and runs north to the Cambourne group of mines. Its
length is 7-| miles. The first 5 miles was built under contract by the Government,
at a cost of $5,500. Two and a quarter miles was built by the Northwestern
Development Syndicate, at a cost of $3,437, including the cost of bridging Pool
Creek and Fish River, the last being a truss bridge. This work was done to enable
this company to get their electric power plant, aerial tram, stamp-mill and saw-mill
to their property. The machinery was teamed in from Comaplix or west side of the
river.    The freight inward over the Government portion of this road was 75 tons.
Fish River Waggon Road (west side).
Starts at Comaplix, running north to the town of Cambourne, 7 miles, reaching this town
by means of a bridge crossing Fish River. This bridge was built early in the spring
of 1902 by private subscription, at a cost of some $1,500. It has 3 spans, 73 feet
each; south approach, 50 feet; north, 35 feet; 4 stringers in each span; 2 piers, 9
piles each, one 8 piles, and one 4-pile bent; 75 lineal feet is decked with 2-inch
plank, balance of decking is of split cedar. One span is trussed with four 1-inch
steel rods, 12 feet 8 inches long, and two spans with eight f-inch round iron (each
span). This road has received some $10,000 for repairs, which by a bridge crossing
Fish River in the vicinity of the old Fish River Bridge (carried out in 1900) a large
saving can be effected by use of the east side. This road carried inward upwards of
300 tons of merchandise, machinery, etc. The road is used by miners, ranchers and
lumbermen. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Revelstoke Riding). F 103
Columbia River Waggon Road.
This road starts at Revelstoke and follows Columbia River north for a distance of 9
miles. Heavy traffic passes over this road. Owing to high water in canyon, the
steamer is unable to get through in summer ; consequently, all supplies for Big Bend
have to pass over this road to steamboat landing at Nine-Mile Point. Owing to
heavy rains in spring and fall, this road is very hard to keep open, heavy land slides
occurring very frequently.
General repairs and keeping slides shovelled out.
Hall's Landing Waggon Road.
This road is about 4 miles long and runs through good farming land. It gives relief to
about 10 farmers, allowing them transportation to lake shore by team, from where
they ship their agricultural produce to a market.
General repairs were made.
North Fork op Illecillewaet Waggon Road.
This road starts at Albert Canyon and runs to headwaters of Downie Creek. The
Waverly and Tangier groups of mineral claims, and also quite a few individual holders
of claims, are situated on this road, nothing but development work being carried
on.
General repairs made.
Fire Valley Waggon Road.
Commences at Edgewood, running north through Fire Valley 10 miles, at which point the
Kettle River trail continues to the summit of Kettle River.
Cleared out and made general repairs.
Trout Lake Waggon Road.
This road starts at Beaton and runs to Trout Lake and Ferguson, a distance of 12 and 16
miles, respectively. The road runs through a good timbered country and is built on
very good grades for a mountainous road. Heavy traffic passes over this road, both
in and out, in summer and winter. It affords relief to miners, merchants and farmers
between above towns. Mail goes in over the road one day and out the next. In the
past a great many tons of ore have passed out.
Ditched
685 feet,
2 feet by 1  foot.
Corduroyed
4,910    „
12    ti    wide.
Graded
2,715    „
10    ii
Cribbed
Widened
165    „
4,895    „
Excavated rock
95    ,i
by 3 feet.
Gravelled
8,205    „
8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 7 culverts
10    ,i
by 2 feet by 8 feet.
Repaired and strengthened bridges between Beaton and Ferguson.
Nettie L Road.
This road is 3rr miles in length and branches from the main trunk road about 1| miles
from the town of Ferguson. It traverses for its full length a heavily timbered
mountain. The road was built to give an outlet to the Nettie L and May Bee
Mines. Several other minor properties are served by this road. These properties
employ at present about 45 men. A great amount of ore is shipped over this road,
besides some hundreds of tons of supplies and machinery being put into the mines.
Forest cleared 8,325 feet,  20 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,560    „     12
Graded 7,560    .,     10
Cribbed 252    „     12
Built 2 bridges, averaging 50 feet by 12 feet by 12 feet. F 104 Public Works Report. 1903
Greeley Creek Bridge.
Built by contract for use of settlers living on east side of Greeley Creek.
Isaac Creek Trail.
This trail commences at Wigwam, 14 miles south of Revelstoke, on the Arrow Lake
Railway, and runs up Isaac Creek 22 miles. A great many claims have been
recorded on this creek, but only development work so far performed.
Forest cleared      11-J miles 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 11J     n      3 to 4 feet wide.
Graded 5        n      3 to 4       „
Corduroyed        400 feet, 4 feet wide.
Built 8 bridges, averaging 30 feet by 5 feet.
Cleared out fallen timber and brush.
Jordan Pass Trail.
Commences 1 mile west of Revelstoke, across the Columbia River Bridge, and runs up
Jordan River for a distance of 14 miles. Quite a number of locations have been
recorded on this creek and its tributaries. Nothing but development work carried
on.    This trail is built on very heavy grades.
Forest cleared 2,700 feet, 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,500    „    3
Graded 2,700    „    8
Built 10 culverts, averaging 30 feet.
Built 2 bridges, ,,        50    i,
Big Bend Main Trail.
Commences at the termination of Columbia River Waggon Road, 9 miles out from
Revelstoke, and reaches north along Columbia River Valley, 65 miles to Goldstream.
This trail affords access and egress to miners and lumbermen. Very extensive lumber
operations have been carried on along this trail during the past season. Considering
length, this trail traverses through a very good country and is built on easy grades.
This is also a mail route for all of the Big Bend country.
Brushed out trail to Goldstream and made general repairs.
Laforme Creek Trail.
This trail branches off the Big Bend main trail, and 18 miles north of Revelstoke, and
runs up Laforme Creek to the summit of pass between headwaters of Carnes and
Laforme Creeks, on an even raising grade through a heavily timbered country. This
trail was constructed to allow mining companies and individual holders to get their
supplies in to perform development work. Extensive operations have been carried
on at this creek.
Graded       10 miles.
Ditched        1     i,
Corduroyed 1     „
Trail widened out and grade changed in several places.
Laforme Creek to Carnes Creek Divide.
This trail starts at head of Laforme creek and runs 3 miles to Carnes Creek divide.
There being quite a number of mining locations on this divide, it was necessary to
build this trail so as to allow holders to get supplies in to perform assessment work.
General repairs made.
Carnes Creek Trail.
Commences at mouth of Carnes Creek and runs up the creek through a heavily-timbered
country for a distance of 12 miles. With the exception of one hill, this trail is built
on waggon-road grade. A number of promising locations are situated on this creek
and are reached by this trail.    Nothing but development work carried on so far. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Illecillewaet Division). F 105
Forest cleared
21,120 feet, 7 feet wide.
Grubbed
19,787    „    3
Corduroyed
80    „    4
Excavated rock
400    n    4
Cleared trail of fallen timber after fire and made general repairs to same.
Five-Mile Creek Trail, Big Bend (new).
Commences south of, and near, mouth of above-named creek, and affords the most direct
and easiest route to Standard Basin, an eastern portion of Keystone Basin, being a
saving in distance of about 11 miles under old route. This trail was completed by
individual subscription, so as to allow the Prince Mining Company and other holders
to get supplies in. Very extensive development is being carried on by the Prince
Mining Company, they having five or six men employed steadily. No ore shipments
have been made.
Forest cleared    15,600 feet, 10 feet wide.
Graded 15,600    ,.      3|      ■■
Cribbed 60    n      5   feet high.
Excavated rock   1,050    n      3J feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 98 feet by 6 feet.
This was a very difficult trail to build, on account of rock bluffs and deep side cuttings.
Smith Creek Trail.
Commences at mouth of above-named creek and runs west for about 6 or 7 miles. Very
extensive placer ground situate on and near this trail. Duquesne Placer Mining
Company have been pushing extensive development work all summer and winter.
All supplies for above-named company and individual holders have to be taken in
over this trail.
General repairs.
Downie Creek Trail.
Starts from Big Bend Trunk Trail at junction of Downie Creek with Columbia River, and
runs up above-named creek 3^ miles. This trail, when completed, will tap one of
the best known mineral creeks in the Big Bend Country. This trail is built on an
exceptionally level grade. It should extend to the head of Downie Creek, a distance
of 30 miles.
Forest cleared 18,480 feet, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 18,480    „    3
Graded 18,480    „    2        „
This trail should extend to Boulder Creek, a distance of 5 miles, leaving a good trail 8J
miles in length.
Illecillewaet Division.
Flat, Fish, Gold Hill, Josephine, Illecillewaet to Albert Canyon, Jumbo, Sanquhar
to Summit Lode Trails.
AU situate in Illecillewaet Division and reach locations on creeks of above-named trails,
so as to allow miners to get their supplies in to perform assessment work.
General repairs on each trail.
Illecillewaet Wing-dam.
Built a little above the town of Illecillewaet.    Owing to high water, the river commenced
to cut bank and threatened to wash some of the town away.
Cribbed 9 feet by 50 feet by 8 feet. F 106 Public Works Report. 1903
Arrow Lake Division.
Promistoria (5 miles long), Sand Creek (commences at mouth of Sand Creek and runs northeast 10 miles), McDonald Creek (commences at McDonald Creek and follows creek
for a distance of 7 miles), Silver Mountain (4 miles long), Pingston Creek (8£
miles long, opposite St. Leon Springs), Goat Canyon (7 miles long), Millie Mack
(7 miles long), Mineral Creek (5 miles long), Canyon Creek (8 miles long) Trails.
General repairs to all of above trails.
Hot Springs Trail.
Commences at Nakusp and runs to the Hot Springs, a distance of 7 miles.
General repairs.
Lardeau Division.
Nellie Trail.
This trail is about 2 miles in length; benefits a number of mining locations.
Forest cleared 6,780 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,780    „      3
Graded 6,780    ,.      2        „
Murray Creek Trail.
Commences at mouth of above-named creek and follows creek for about 2 miles.    A
number of mining locations benefited by this trail.
Forest cleared 4,800 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,800    „      3        „
Graded 4,800    „      2\
Menhinick Creek Trail.
Four miles in length.    Quite a few gold properties located on this creek.
Repaired old trail and bridge, corduroyed mud-holes and cut out windfalls.
Boyd Creek Trail.
Commences at mouth of above creek and runs up same for a distance of about 6 miles.
Benefits quite a number of mining locations.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet long, and made general repairs.
Lexington to Boyd Creek Trail.
Abandoned.
Pool Creek Trail.
Eight miles long.    A mining trail, and benefits quite a few locations.
Made general repairs.
Pool to Lexington Creek Trail.
This trail is about 3 miles long and connects with Lexington Creek Trail.    Benefits a
number of mining locations.
Corduroyed 120 feet and made general repairs.
Gold Creek Trail.
About 3 miles long.    Benefits quite a few mining locations.
Forest cleared 7,650 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,650    „      3        „
Graded 7 650    „      2        „ 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Trout Lake Division). F 107
Sable Creek Trail.
About 16 miles long.    Benefits a number of mining locations.
Built 3,960 feet of new trail.
ii    1 bridge, 30 feet long.
i.     1       „      80
Made general repairs to old trail.
Trout Lake Division.
South Fork of the South Fork Trail.
This trail is approximately 3 miles in length, and starts at a point about 5 miles from
10-mile.    Mountains very rugged.    Some dozens or more claims are served, though
as yet very little freight passes over this trail,
feet wide.
Forest cleared
1,080 feet, 8
Grubbed
8,250    „      3
Graded
8,250    i,      2
Corduroyed
45    „
Triune Trail.
This trail is 3j\ miles in length, starting at 10-Mile and passing through 1| miles of heavy
timber, the balance of the distance being through slides and snow brush. This trail
serves the Triune and all claims in the Triune Basin, the Triune being the only
property working steadily. The shipments of ore and freight over this trail are very
heavy.
Forest cleared  6,600 feet,  12 feet wide.
Grubbed
6,600    ,t
3
Graded
6,600    „
2
Corduroyed
150    „
Bunker Hill Trail.
This trail is about 2\ miles in length, starting at a point on the Gainer Creek Trail about
5 miles from 10-Mile. The larger part of this trail is in open country. The most
difficult mile to get over being the first from Gainer Creek. Practically every
property on Bunker Hill Creek must use this trail, and some properties on the
opposite side of the summit use it for a trunk trail, the Lade Group taking in all
supplies this way, which amounts to several tons each year.
Forest cleared      6,090 feet,  12 feet wide.
Graded 5,790    „        2
Grubbed 5,790    „        3
Excavated rock        120     n
North Fork Metropolitan Trail.
This trail is 2| miles in length and is a continuation of the Circle City trail. The
country is open but difficult the whole length of the trail. The properties reached
by this trail are the Canadian Group, Metropolitan Group, Big Five Group, and
other independent claims. Several tons of ore for tests have been brought from
these properties, and each season several tons of supplies go in.
Made general repairs.
North Fork Trail.
Starts at the Town of Ferguson and runs a distance of 6 J miles. About half of this trail
runs through heavily timbered hill-side, the balance being open and through slides
and snow-brush, etc. All supplies going to any point on North SFork or Duncan
Slope, McDonald, Silver Tip or Westfall Creeks, must pass over this trail.
Forest cleared 15,840 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 15,840    „      4
Graded 15,840    „      3
Corduroyed 300    n      5        n       . .   .- ■ F 108 Public Works Report. 1903
Silver Cup Trail.
This trail is 4 miles in length. Beginning at 8-mile on Lardeau Creek, it switch-backs up
a well timbered hillside, crossing the Towser, Sunshine and Silver Cup. These properties employ all the way from 50 to 100 men, according to the character of work
under way (stoping or development). A great many tons of supplies and ore have
passed over this trail.
Graded 3,000 feet, 3 feet wide, and made general repairs.
Built 10 culverts, averaging 7 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Great Northern Trail.
Commences at a point on Trout Lake Waggon Road, 1 mile from Trout Lake, and runs
7 miles up the mountain on a well timbered hillside. This trail reaches the Alpha,
Great Northern, True Fissure and St. Elmo groups; also many single claims. A
great deal of ore and supplies pass over this, and private trails, to these properties.
Cutting out fallen timber; removing slides; repairing bridges, and making general repairs.
South Fork Trail.
This trail is about 12 miles long and starts from  10-Mile.     It is a main trunk trail and
follows a well wooded side-hill to where it crosses the summit to the Duncan River.
Forest cleared 10,560 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed            10,560
„      3
Graded              10,560
tt      2        i
Corduroyed            450
„      5
Built 1 bridge,        85
,, by 6 feet.
Built 1 culvert,       20
,,      5    it
Gainer Creek Trail.
This trail is about 12 miles long, extending from 10-Mile to the Bad Shot Mine. Only 3
miles of this trail is in timber, the balance through snow-brush and snow-slides. This
is a trunk trail for a distance of about 7 miles. From this point was extended a
branch to the Bad Shot. All material going in or out from Gainer Creek or Empire
passes over this trail.
Corduroyed 30 feet and made general repairs.
Empire Creek Trail.
Commences at a point about 5 miles from 10-Mile, on Gainer Creek, and ascends the
mountain through timber to summit, thence down icto Cariboo, and up the same to
the Empire Mine, being a distance of 8 miles. This trail affords communication with
a number of properties other than the Empire, for which it was originally built.
Built 1 bridge across Gainer Creek, 43 feet by 6 feet by 5.
Trout Lake to Summit Trail.
This trail, when completed, will be about 8 miles in length, 3Jr miles of which are
completed, and is built through timber to the summit. It is intended to furnish
properties along this summit with a direct route to Trout Lake.
Forest cleared 10,300 feet, 8   feet wide.
Graded 10,300    „    2J
Grubbed 10,300    „    21        „
Built 2 bridges, averaging 25 feet by 5 feet.
American Trail.
This trail is about 4 miles in length and starts at the water's edge, just below what is
known as Haskins Point, on Trout Lake. Passes through timber to summit;
furnishes communication with American and other properties. These properties are
working a dozen or 15 men.    Large quantities of supplies go up this trail.
Forest cleared 3,600 feet, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,600    „    3
Graded 3,600    h    2        n
Widened, ditched and made general repairs. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Trout Lake Division). F 109
Tenderfoot Creek Trail.
This trail starts at the junction of Tenderfoot and Lardo River, and runs up Tenderfoot
Creek for a distance of about 4 miles, opening up a very promising mining country,
there being quite a few locations situate on this trail.
Forest cleared 16,400 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 16,350    „      3
Graded 16,350    „      2
Built bridges averaging 59 feet by 7 feet.
Canyon Creek Trail.
This trail is about 4 miles long and gives relief to a number of promising claims situate
on this creek.
Built 5,280 feet of new trail.
Built 1 bridge, 18 feet by 5 feet, and made general repairs.
Johnson's Basin Trail.
This trail is about 6 miles in length and affords relief to a number of promising locations
situate in this basin.
Forest cleared  10,560 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 10,560    „      3
Graded 5,280    „      2
Corduroyed 50    ,,      5        n
Cleared out fallen timber and brush, and made general repairs.
Healy Creek Trail.
Being about 6 miles in length, it gives relief to a great many claims which are situate
on this creek.
Forest cleared  13,170 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,280    „      3
Graded 5,280    „      2
Excavated earth      45    n
n rock     207    ..
Built 15 culverts, averaging 40 feet by 5 feet.
Poplar Creek Trail.
This trail gives relief to a number of promising claims, and is about 4 miles in length.
Forest cleared    3,300 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,300    „      3        „
Graded 3,300    „      2
Haskins' Point to Silver Crown Trail.
Starts at Haskins' Point, on  Trout Lake, and runs up to the  Silver Crown Group, a
distance of about 4 miles.    Gives relief to a number of independent claims.
Forest cleared  12,050 feet, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,050    n      3
Graded 12,050    „      2
Five-Mile Trail.
Gives relief to a number of promising claims.    This trail is about 7 miles long.
Made general repairs.
Trout Lake to Horne Lake Trail.
Starts at Trout Lake and runs to Horne Lake, a distance of about 7 miles.    Gives relief
to a number of claims situate along trail.
Forest cleared  15,840 feet, 6 feet wide.
Graded 7,920    „    2
Grubbed 7,920    n    3        n F 110 Public Works Report. 1903
Slocan Riding.
Red Mountain Road.
Length, 2^0- miles; starts at juncture of Noonday and Galena Farms Mines Road; country
is rough.    Mining purposes; about 200 mining locations will be served when road is
completed; 10 men engaged.     Not used as a mail route;   about 20 tons of freight
taken in.    There remains about 1^ miles of road to complete.
Forest cleared   12,190 feet, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,190    „    12        „
Graded 12,190    „    10
Cribbed 330    it    averaging 6 feet high.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet long, 14 feet wide,   3 feet high.
,i    1       „      34        „ 14        „ 5
,i     1       ,i       65 „ 14        „ 12
ii    1      n      25        .,        16        ,. 8
Made 7 culverts, each 14 feet long, 8 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Condition good.
Two Friends Mine Trail.
Length, 2J miles; starts from Springer Creek Road, about 1|- miles west of the Arlington
Mine ; country is mountainous. Mining purposes ; about 40 mineral locations and
claims; 20 men employed.    Not used as a mail route ; 30 tons of freight taken in.
Forest cleared   13,500 feet long, 8   feet wide.
Grubbed           13,500
,         31
II
Graded               13,500
,         3
M
Corduroyed             206         i
i        5
11
Built 1 bridge,        50        i
7
II
7 feet high
This trail is now in fair condition.
Hammil Creek Trail.
Length, 28 miles ; starts at Argenta ; country is mountainous. Mining purposes ; about
30 mineral locations and claims; 10 men employed. Not used as a mail route; 20
tons of freight taken in. This is a trunk trail to East Kootenay, connecting with
Toby Creek Trail.
Corduroyed 100 feet long, 6 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 46 ,, 8 „ 9 feet high.
Made general repairs and improvements to 27 miles of trail.
Cleared out fallen timber and slides on first 4 miles of trail; balance of trail in fair-
condition.
Kokanee Creek Trail.
Length, 2|- miles ; starts at upper end of Molly Gibson Waggon Road ; country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 35 mineral locations and claims; 4 men employed.
Not used as a mail route ; 10 tons of freight taken in.
Forest cleared  13,200 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 13,200        „        4
Graded 13,200        „ 3
Built 4 bridges, averaging 27 feet long, 6 feet wide, 5 feet high.
This trail extends from the Molly Gibson Waggon Road to the Achilles Mine and
Kokanee Lake, and is now in fair condition.
Kokanee Creek Trail (west fork).
Length, 6 miles; starts from Molly Gibson Waggon Road, about %\ miles from Molly
Gibson Landing. Country is mountainous. Mining purposes ; about 20 mineral
locations and claims ; 4 men employed. Not used as a mail route ; 2 tons of freight
taken in. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). F 111
Cleared forest 24,900 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 24,900        tt        3J      „
Graded 24,900        „        3        ,,
Built 1 bridge, 70 feet long, 8 feet wide, 7 feet high.
ii    4 culverts, each 10 feet long, 5 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
This trail is now in good condition.
Long Creek Trail.
Length,   2 miles; starts  from Fauquier Landing  Road about 2|- miles from landing.
Country is mountainous.    Mining purposes; about 15 mineral locations and claims;
no men employed for other than assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 1
ton of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   5,280 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,280        „        3
Graded 5,280        „        2        „
Repaired 2 miles of trail.
This trail is now in fair condition.
Lavina-Butte Trail.
Length, 6 J^ miles; starts from the Argenta and Houser Lake Trail about 8 miles north
of Argenta. Country is mountainous. Mining purposes; about 20 mineral locations
and claims ; 5 men employed.    Not used as a mail route; 15 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   5,280 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,280        „        4
Graded 5,280        „        3
Made general repairs to 4 miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
Wilson Creek Trail.
Length, 31 miles; starts from Roseberry. Country mountainous. Mining purposes;
about 60 mineral locations and claims; no men employed during the year for other
than assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route; 5 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 23,898 feet long, 8 feet wide. ■
Grubbed 23,898        „        3        „
Graded 23,898        „        3
Built 1 bridge        65        ,,        8        n        6 feet high.
Made general repairs to 20 miles of trail.
Built 1 bridge, 48 feet long, 6 feet wide, 5 feet high.
Cleared out fallen timber.
This trail is now in good condition.
Springer Creek Road.
Length, 7A miles ; starts from Slocan City.     Country mountainous.     Mining purposes ;
about 200 mineral locations ; 160 men employed.    Not used as a mail route; 2,000
tons of freight taken in, including mining timber.
Made general repairs length of road 7\ miles.    This road is now in fair condition.
Woodbury Creek Trail (South Fork).
Length, 9 miles; starts from north fork of Woodbury Creek Trail about 1 mile from
Kootenay Lake. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 25 mineral
locations; no men employed for other than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail
route ; 1 ton of freight taken in.
Graded 400 feet long, 2|- feet wide.
Corduroyed 250        „        4        i,
Built 1 bridge 20        ,.        8 „ 8 feet high.
Built 2 culverts, each 10        it        4        i, 2 feet deep.
Made general repairs to 5 miles of trail.
This trail is now in fair condition. F 112 Public Works Report. 1903
Lemon Creek Trail.
Length, 16 miles; starts from Lemon Creek Siding. Country mountainous. Mining-
purposes ; about 250 mineral locations and claims; 12 men employed. Not used as
a mail route ; 30 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest    21,851 feet long, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
21,851
,,
3
tt
Graded
21,851
„
3
ii
Corduroyed
209
„
51
n
Cribbed
100
,,
5
ti
Built 2 bridges,
40
,,
8
ii
7 feet high.
t,    2
37
ti
8
ii
5
ti    2       ii
42
it
8
it
9
ii     1 bridge,
47
„
8
it
6
„    1
52
ii
8
,i
8
General repairs.
This trail is
now in
fair condition.
nsworth Wharf.
Re-planked, 23 feet long, 22 feet wide.
Ballasted piers, put on fenders, and made other necessary repairs.
This wharf will need repairs during the summer.
True Blue Mine Trail.
Length, 14 miles; Starts from Bjerkness Creek Trail, about 3 miles west of Kaslo.
Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; 6 mineral locations and claims; 4 men
employed.    Not used as a mail route;  10 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 7,500 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,500        ,,3
Graded 7,500        „        3
Repaired 1 mile of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
Ainsworth Road, South.
Length,  6J miles ;  starts  from  Ainsworth.     Country   mountainous.    Mining   purposes.
About 200 mineral locations of claims ; about 35 men employed.     Not used as  a
mail route;  20 tons of freight taken in.
Made general repairs to 5 miles of road.    This road is now in good condition.
Kaslo and Three Forks Road and Trail.
Length of road, 4^- miles; trail, 20|- miles ; starts from Kaslo.     Country  mountainous.
Mining purposes.    About 60 mineral locations and claims; about 120 men employed.
Not used at present as a mail route ; about 20 tons of freight taken over road.    Trail
is used for saddle horses, conveying stock from Kaslo to Slocan points and vice versa.
Railroad handles all ores and other freights.
Repairing 2 bridges, each 65 feet long, 14 feet wide, 8 feet high.
Made general repairs to 20 miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
Ten-Mile Creek Road.
Length, 7 miles; starts from Enterprise Landing, on the Slocan Lake. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 40 mineral locations and claims; 55 men
employed.    Not used as a mail route ;  100 tons of freight taken in.
Repaired bridges, culverts and corduroying, and made general repairs and improvements
to 8 miles of road.
This road is in poor condition for heavy traffic.
Silver Mountain Road.
Length, 4Jr miles ; starts from New Denver. Country mountainous. Mining purposes;
about 90 mineral locations and claims ; 18 men employed. Not used as a mail route;
30 tons of freight taken in. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slogan Riding). F 113
Cleared forest 4,450 feet long, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,500        „ 12
Graded 4,500        „ 9
Ditched 500       „ 2       ,.
Cribbed 400        n averaging 6 feet high.
Made 2 culverts, each 15 feet long, 6 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made general repairs to 1A miles of road.
Cleared out 8 small slides and widened out road for a distance of 44 feet, averaging 4 feet
wide and 12 feet high in rock.
This road is now in fair condition.
Silverton-Galena Farms Road.
Length, II- miles; starts from Silverton.    Country reasonably level.    Mining purposes;
60 mineral locations and claims; 40 men employed.    Not used as a mail route; 75
tons of freight taken in.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4-J feet high.
Made 6 culverts, each 12 n 4        n 2    „    deep.
Cut brush and timber 20 feet wide on south side of road for a distance of |-mile, where
the road was wet, to permit the sun to dry it.
Made general repairs to 1J miles of road.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 3 feet wide, 1 foot deep, and general repairs to 1J miles of
road.
This road is now in good condition.
Cascade Creek Trail.
Length, 5| miles ; starts from Kootenay and Arrowhead Railway. Country mountainous.
Mining purposes ; 30 mineral locations and claims ; no men employed for other than
assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 5 tons freight taken in.
Cleared forest   26,694 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 26,694        „        4        „
Graded 26,694        „ 3
Built 1 bridge 15 .,        7 i, 14 feet high.
..     1      i, 22        „.      7        ii 9
This trail is now in good condition.
Crawford Creek Trail.
Length, 8 miles ; starts at upper end of Crawford Creek Road.     Country mountainous.
Mining purposes; 60 mineral locations and claims ;  6 men employed.     Not used as
a mail route;  10 tons of freight taken in.
Corduroyed 480 feet long, 5 feet wide.
Made general repairs and improvements to 9 miles of trail.
This trail is now in poor condition, caused by fallen timber, slides and washouts.
Coffee Creek Trail.
Length, 12-?,- miles; starts from Kootenay Lake. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; 40 mineral locations and claims ; 8 men employed. Not used as a mail route ;
3 tons of freight taken in.
Graded                         500 feet long,
3   feet wide.
Built 1 bridge             45
II
61
8 feet high.
it    4 culverts, each   8
,,
4
2    it    deep
Cleared forest         7,920
II
8
Grubbed                  7,920
II
4
Graded                     7,920
II
3
Made general repairs and improvements to 6 miles of trail.
This trail is in fair condition for packing in supplies, but on account of hills and reverse
grades is useless for rawhiding out ore. F 114 Public Works Report. 1903
Bjerkness Creek Trail.
Length, 5 miles; starts from Kaslo. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; 12
mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than assessment purposes.
Not used as a mail route; 3 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest
15,840 feet long, 8
feet
wide.
Grubbed
15,840
M
n
M
Graded
15,840
ll
3
,|
Built 1 bridge,
35
tt
10
ii         7 feet high.
,,     1     ii
19
ll
10
ii         7         ii
Cribbed
120
ll
avei
•agir
ig 6 feet high.
This trail is now in good condition, but should be extended about 2 miles.
Black Prince Trail.
Length, 6 miles; starts form the Townsite of Oro, on Lemon Creek. Country mountainous.
Mining purposes; 60 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than
assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 5 tons of freight taken in.
Corduroyed 612 feet long, 5 feet wide.
Made general repairs to 6 miles of trail.
This trail is now in fair condition.
Beaver Mine Trail.
Length, 4 miles; starts from Sproule's Station on K. & S. Railway. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 40 mining locations and claims; no men employed
for other than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail route; 5 tons of supplies
taken in.
Made general repairs to 4 miles of trail.
With the exception of some fallen timber, this trail is in good condition.
Bear Lake and Silver King Mine Trail.
Length, 3 miles; starts from Bear Lake Station on K. & S. Railway. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; 25 mineral locations and claims ; 6 men employed. Not
used as a mail route; 25 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 6,600 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,650        ,,        4
Graded 3,700        „        3
Made general repairs to 2 miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
Sixth South Fork of Lemon Creek Trail.
Length, 3 miles ; starts from Lemon Creek Trail, 2 miles east of Oro. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; 30 mineral locations and claims ; 2 men employed. Not
used as a mail route; 10 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 12,560 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,560        ,.        3
Graded 12,560        „        3        n
This trail is now in need of repairs.
Ten Mile-Springer Creek Trail.
Length, 2J miles; starts from Enterprise Mine.   Country mountainous.   Mining purposes;
about 10 mineral locations and claims ; 4 men employed.    Not used as a mail route ;
10 tons of freight taken in.     This trail gives communication between the above
named creeks.
Graded 405 feet long, 3 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet long, 7 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Made general repairs to 3J miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition. Grubbed
3,900
,,
3*
Graded
3,900
tt
3
Built 1 bridge
,     18
ii
7h
it     1       tt
25
ii
7h
Made general
repairs
to 9
miles
3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). F 111
Ten-Mile Creek Trail.
Length, 9 miles; starts from Enterprise Mine Concentrator. Country mountainous.
Mining purposes; about 30 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other
than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail route ; about 10 tons of freight taken
in. This trail is much used by residents of Slocan Lake points, who own mining
property on the headwaters of Kaslo and Kokanee Creeks.
Cleared forest 3,900 feet long, 10   feet wide.
ti        6 feet high.
ii        5        n
of trail.    This trail is now in need of repairs, being
impassable on account of fallen timber.
Woodbury Creek Trail, North Fork.
Length, 12 miles; starts from Kootenay Lake.    Country mountainous.    Mining purposes;
about 60 mineral locations and claims; 15 men employed.   Not used as a mail route;
30 tons of freight taken in.
Repaired and improved by removing fallen timber, rock slides, corduroying, repairing
bridge, and improving grades for 9 miles.
Additional work, May 1902 :
Made general repairs to trail, which is now in good condition.
Milford Creek Trail.
Length, 3 miles; starts from Kootenay Lake, 8 miles north of Kaslo. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 20 mining locations and claims ; no men employed
for other than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail route; about 2 tons of
freight taken in.
Made general repairs and improvements to 3 miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
Smuggler Mine Trail.
Length, 3 miles; starts from Excelsior Millsite, South Fork of Kaslo Creek. Country
mountainous. Mining purposes; 25 mineral locations and claims; no men employed
for other than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail route; 2 tons of freight
taken in. This trail connects the Kootenay Lake and Slocan Lake Sections, via
South Fork of Kaslo Creek and Ten-Mile Creek.
Cleared forest 10,560 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 10,560        „        4
Graded 10,560        „        3
Built 1 bridge,       66 n        6        n        8 feet high.
This trail will not need repairs this season.
Sandon and Reco Mine Trail.
Length, 4 miles; starts from Sandon. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; 100
mining locations and claims ; 75 men employed. Not used as a mail route ; 50 tons
of freight taken in.
Made general repairs to 4 miles of trail.
This trail is now in need of repairs.
Schroeder Creek Trail.
Length, 3 miles; starts from Kootenay Lake, 12 miles north of Kaslo. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 30 mineral locations and claims ; no men employed
for other than assessment purposes. Not used as a mail route. No freight will be
taken in until trail is completed, which should be extended for 3 miles. F 116 Public Works Report. 1903
Cleared forest 12,560 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 12,560        „        3
Graded 12,560        ,,        3
Built 1 bridge, 30        „ 6 n 7 feet high.
.,    1     i, 20 „        6        t.        4
Repaired 1 mile of trail.
This trail is now in good condition.
McGuigan Road.
Length, 5 miles; starts from McGuigan Station. Country mountainous. Mining purposes; about 125 mining locations and claims; 130 men employed. Not used as a
mail route ; 300 tons of freight taken in.
Repaired bridges, cribbing, corduroy and culverts ; removed slides and rocks; opened
drains; filled ruts, and made general repairs and improvements to 5 miles of road.
This road is now in fair condition.
South Fork Kaslo Creek Road.
Length, 12^ miles; starts from South Fork Station. Country mountainous. Mining-
purposes ; 150 mineral locations and claims ; 25 men employed. Not used as a mail
route; 50 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 21,900 feet, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 21,900    „    12
Graded 21,900    „     10
Corduroyed 680    n    14        • ,
Cribbed 2,965    n    averaging 5 feet high.
Built 20 bridges, averaging 38 feet long, 14 feet wide, 10 feet high.
Built 12 culverts, each 14 h 4        n 1 foot deep.
Repaired bridges and corduroying; opened drains ; removed slides and fallen timber, and
made general repairs.
This road is now in fair condition.
Eight to Ten-Mile Creek Trail.
Length, 3 miles ; starts from the south end of Red Mountain Road. Country fairly level-
Mining purposes ; about 15 mineral locations and claims ; no men employed for other
than assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route; 2 tons of freight taken in.
Corduroyed       70 feet long, 6 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 42        i.        6        ..        5 feet high,
ti    1       ii       39        it        6        tt        7 ii
Made general repairs to 4 miles of trail.
This trail is now in fair condition.
Four-Mile Creek Trail.
Length, 4 miles; starts at upper end of Four-Mile Creek Road.    Country mountainous.
Mining purposes ; about 40 mineral locations and claims; 10 men employed.    Not
used as a mail route; 30 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 21,000 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 21,000        ...•    '    4
Graded 21,000        „ 4
Built 2 bridges, each 20 feet long, 6 feet wide, 5 feet high.
Built 2 bridges, 17 feet long, 6 feet wide, 7 feet high.
Cleared out fallen timber and slides.
This trail is now in good condition.
Goat Mountain Trail.
Length 2 miles ; starts from New Denver. Country mountainous. Mining purposes;
about 10 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than assessment
purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 1 ton of freight taken in.
Cleared brush and fallen timber from 2 miles of trail.
This trail is now in good condition. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Slocan Riding). F 117
Great Britain Trail.
Length 12 miles ; starts from Lardo River trail, at Cooper Creek.     Country mountainous.
Mining purposes; about 35 mineral locations and  claims ;   6  men  employed.    Not
used as a mail route;  10 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest 23,760 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 8,000        „ 3
Graded 8,000       „ 3
Made general repairs to 2 miles of trail.
This trail is in fair condition.
Silverton Four-Mile Creek Road.
Length 7 miles ; starts from Silverton.    Country mountainous.    Mining purposes ; about
90 mineral locations and claims; 15 men employed.    Not used as a mail route; 60
tons of freight taken in.
Widened out road, filled ruts, removed slides, rocks and timbers ; opened drains, repaired
bridges and culverts, and made general repairs and improvements to the upper 2
miles of road.
Made general repairs to the lower 3J miles of road, which is now in good condition.    The
upper 3J miles is impassable for waggons.
Crawford Creek Road.
Length 91 miles ; starts from Crawford Bay.    Country mountainous.    Mining purposes ;
about 30 mineral locations and claims;  18 men employed.    Not used as a mail route;
100 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest, 1,874 feet, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,874    „    10
Graded 1,874    „      9
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 16 feet wide, 9 feet high.
Corduroyed 425 feet, 14 feet wide.
Made general repairs to 9 miles of road.
Removed slides and rocks, corduroyed and gravelled soft places.
Road is now open, but too soft for heavy traffic.
Duncan River Trail.
Length, west side, 25 miles ; length, east side, 8 miles ; starts from Hall's Landing, head
of steamboat navigation. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; about 200
mineral locations and claims; 25 men employed. Not used as a mail route ; 30 tons
of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   26,760 feet, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 26,760    „      3
Graded 26,760    „      3
Built 1 bridge, 39    n      6 n        8 feet high.
This trail is now in bad need of repair, being blocked with fallen timber and small slides.
Blue Bird Mine Road.
Length, 3J miles; starts from the Columbia River at Deer Park.      Country fairly level.
Mining purposes ;   about 20 mineral locations and claims ;   12 men employed.    Not
used as a mail route; 40 tons of freight taken in.
Made general repairs and road is now in fair condition.
Cody Creek Trail.
Length, 3\ miles ; starts from Cody. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; about
30 mining locations and claims; no men employed for other than assessment
purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 10 tons of freight taken in.
Made general repairs and trail is now in good condition.
Fry Creek Trail.
Length, 4,650 feet; starts from Kootenay Lake. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; about 40 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than
assessment purposes.    Not used as a mail route ;  3 tons of supplies taken in. F 118 Public Works Report. 1903
Cleared forest   4,650 feet, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,650    „    4        „
Graded 4,650    n    3 n
Cribbed 150    n    averaging 6 feet high.
This trail is now in good condition.
Bear Lake and Nonpariel Trail.
Length, 3f3„ miles; starts from Bear Lake Station on K. & S. Railway. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; about 20 mineral locations and claims ; 8 men employed.
Not used as a mail route; 40 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   6,890 feet, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,890    n    3
Graded 6,890    „    3
Made general repairs to 2 miles of trail.
This trail is now in fair condition.
Carpenter Creek N. F.
Length, 16f miles ; starts from Three Forks. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ;
about 60 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than assessment
purposes.    Not used as a mail route ; 5 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   7,500 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,500        „        3
Graded 7,500        „        3        „
Made general repairs to trail, and it is now in good condition.
L. H. Mine Trail.
Length, 2 miles ; starts from Red Mountain Road. Country mountainous. Mining
purposes ; about 50 mineral locations and claims ; 4 men employed. Not used as a
mail route; 10 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   10,560 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 10,560        „ 3
Graded 10,560        „        3
Built 1 bridge, 20        m        6        „        5 feet high.
This trail is now in fair condition.
Lardo River Trail.
Length, 20 miles; starts at Lardo. Country mountainous. Mining and ranching purposes ; about 30 mineral locations and claims; 4 settlers; 48 men employed. Not
used as a mail route; 100 tons of freight taken in.
Cleared forest   6,600 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,600        n        3        n
Graded 660        i, 3 n
Corduroyed 500        n 6 n
Built 1 bridge       65        n        8        „        9 feet high.
Replaced bridge which had been burned out.
Made general repairs to trail, which is now in good condition.
Monitor Mine and Queen Bess Mine Trail.
Length, 2,700 feet; starts from Monitor Mine Road. Country mountainous. Mining-
purposes ; no mining locations; no men employed. Not used as a mail route; no
freight taken in. Was built as a short route from Three Forks to Queen Bess and
Idaho Basin.
Cleared forest   2,700 feet long, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,700        n 4
Graded 2,700        n 3
Built 1 bridge,       20        n        6 n        6 feet high.
This trail is now in good condition. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). F 119
Three Forks-Sandon and Cody Road.
Length, 4| miles ; starts at Three Forks. Country mountainous. Mining purposes ; 30
mineral locations and claims; 10 men employed. Not used as a mail route; 100
tons of freight taken in.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 14 feet wide, 9 feet high.
Made general repairs and road is now in good condition.
New Denver and Three Forks Trail.
Length, 4| miles; starts from New Denver-Silverton Road. Country mountainous ;
about 25 mineral locations and claims; no men employed for other than assessment
purposes. Not used as a mail route; 5 tons freight taken in. Used chiefly for
saddle horses between New Denver, Three Forks and Sandon.
Made general repairs, and trail is now in fair condition.
New Denver-Silverton Road.
Length, 4 miles; starts at New Denver. Country reasonably level. About 30 mineral
locations and claims; 40 men employed. Not used as a mail route; 100 tons of
freight taken over this road.
Made general repairs, and road is now in good condition.
Molly Gibson Road.
Length,   10 miles;   starts from West  Arm,   Kootenay Lake.    Country  mountainous.
Mining purposes; about 60 mining locations and claims; 30 men employed.    Not
used as a mail route; 100 tons of freight taken in.
Made general repairs and improvements the length of road.
This road will need considerable repair to put it in condition for heavy traffic.
Pilot Bay and Crawford Bay Trail.
Length, 7 miles; starts at Pilot Bay. Country mountainous. This trail is used
extensively for stock and saddle horses between Pilot Bay and Crawford Bay, and
St. Mary's Lake and River.    Not used as a mail route.
Cut out fallen timber, length of trail 7 miles.
This trail needs widening out, and the growth of brush has almost closed it in many places.
Slocan River Bridge (protection).
Work consisted of repairing railing and removing drift wood to prevent jams. The bridge
is in good condition.
Nelson Riding.
Erie Waggon Road.
This road, with its branches, is about 18 miles in length, and serves a purely mining
section. The main road starts from Erie, on the line of the Nelson and Fort Sheppard
Railway,, and reaches the Second Relief Mine, 12 miles distant. About 2 miles from
Erie a branch road has been built for a distance of 2| miles, which connects with the
Arlington Mine, and from this branch road two other spurs have been built to
connect the Canadian King and Keystone properties. A short distance above the
fork of the Arlington and the main road, a piece of road | mile in length has been
built to serve the placer companies that have commenced operations on the North
Fork of the Salmon. There is another short spur of |- mile in length, which connects
the Copper Farm properties with the main road, about 10 miles above Erie.
Of the lode mines the Second Relief was working with a crew of 20 men until operations
were closed down a week ago for the winter. The Copper Farm is being opened up;
a compressor plant has been installed, and is being used. The crew consists of a
couple of machine men, an engineer, mucker and a couple of wood-choppers.    At the F 120 Public Works Report. 1903
Arlington Mine there is a crew of about 20 men employed, and regular shipments
are being made. At the Canadian King and Keystone properties leases have been
given by the companies owning the same, and the mines are being worked in a
small way.
The placer mining industry is just being started, but under lease or location fully 5 miles
of the creek have been taken up. The North Fork Placer Company and the owners
of the Wild Duck placer lease, two of the syndicates interested on the creek, announce
their intention of installing hydraulic plants next spring.
The present tonnage down the road consists of crude ore and concentrates from the
Arlington Mine, which has been shipping at the rate of 85 tons per month. The
stamp-mill at the Relief has been but recently installed, and the other lode mines
served have not yet reached the shipping stage. Freight up the road, consisting of
machinery and supplies, has provided a considerable tonnage during the year.
Built bridge across the North Fork of the Salmon River, near Erie, 60 feet by 14 feet.
Filled in two piers with rock.
Roberts Ranch Road.
This road is about 2 miles in length, and runs to the Roberts hotel and ranch.    The travel
over the road is mainly that of pleasure-seekers during the summer months.
Repaired bridges, put in new corduroy in places, and made general repairs.
Ymir Waggon  Road.
This roads runs from the Town of Ymir to the Ymir Mine, a distance of 4| miles ; but as
a result of the forest fires during the summer, a portion of the old road has been
abandoned. This portion of the road is known as the North Fork of Wild Horse
Road, and in addition to serving the Ymir Company is used by the Summit-Ymir,
which is connected by a trail 1J miles above the Ymir Mill. The owners of the
Summit-Ymir did about $1,000 worth of development during the summer. About 2\
miles out of Ymir the road is joined by the road up the Main Fork of Wild Horse.
This is known as the Main Fork of Wild Horse Road, and from its fork with the
North Fork Road has been built up the creek for a distance of 8 miles, and is within
4 miles from the summit. This road serves the cyaniding plant of the Ymir Mine,
and from it 4 miles of spurs have been built, which tap the Blackcock, Wilcox, New
Victor and Foghorn Mines, as well as a number of prospects in various stages of
development.
On the pay-roll of the Ymir Company there are 110 men, and in addition to this number
there are about 20 men who are employed indirectly as wood-choppers. At the
Wilcox Mine there are about 20 men employed, and a stamp-mill is in course of
erection. At the Foghorn there are 12 men employed, and preparations are being
made for getting out ore this winter. There are a couple of men employed at the
Blackcock, but none at the New Victor at present.
The bulk of the tonnage over the road is furnished by the Ymir Mine. The shipments of
concentrates average about 360 tons per month, and the supplies inward about 25
tons per month.
Ymir Bridge—Put   some  new   planking  and   put   guard-rail on old bridge.    Rebuilt
part of bridge, 52 by 14 by 18 feet; raised old truss and piers 2 feet, and filled piers
with rocks.
Ymir Waggon Road—Gravelled 600 feet by 12 feet by 2| feet; gravelled 300 feet by 14
feet by 8 inches.
North Fork of Wild Horse Road—Built 1 bridge across ravine, and made general repairs
to road.
Main Fork of Wild Horse Road—Made general repairs and cut out fallen timber.
Hall Mines Road.
This road runs from Nelson to the Silver King Group on Toad Mountain, and is about 9
miles in length. About 1^ miles from Nelson it connects with the road to the
Athabasca-Venus property, which has an aggregate length of about 4 miles.    The 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). F 121
Silver King Group, which is owned by the Hall Mining and Smelting Company, is
being operated under a lease, and furnishes employment for about 20 men. The
amalgamated Athabasca-Venus Company has resumed work, and the Athabasca mill
is now running steadily on Venus ore. The Company furnishes employment for some
40 men. There has been very little traffic over the road above the point of the fork
of the Athabasca Road since the Hall Mines Company suspended mining operations,
but the road is the only route over which supplies can be teamed to a number of
prospects upon which work is done every year. Over the Athabasca-Venus Road
there has been some very heavy traffic, following the reorganisation of the Athabasca
Venus property.
Repaired bridges, blasted out boulders and made general repairs.
Cut drains and filled in low places.
Yellowstone Waggon Road.
This road follows the Salmon River from Salmo, on the N. and F. S. Railway, up to
Sheep Creek, and up Sheep Creek for a total distance of about 12 miles. The road
was built in the first place to serve the Yellowstone Mine. When work on the
Yellowstone was suspended the plant of the Yellowstone was utilised- for the development of the Queen Group, which was worked during the greater part of the summer
and fall under a lease and bond, and furnished employment for a crew of about 20
men. The road will also be of considerable assistance in the development of the Ore
Hill property on Coon Creek, a branch of Sheep Creek, upon which the owner is now
erecting a small stamp-mill. About 5 miles out from Salmo, on this road, the marble
quarries are located. These furnish employment for a number of men during the
greater part of the year. Supplies in to the Queen Mine, and the output of the
marble quarries, constitute the tonnage passing over the road.
Built bridge across Salmon River at Salmo.
Built pier 5 feet high and filled it in with rock for the protection of the pier of the bridge
already built.
Built cribbing 5 feet high at shore for protection of approach, and filled it in with rock.
Built trestle work to connect shore with bridge, 313 feet long.
Strengthened bridge to resist floods at high water.
Cut out trail around washouts caused by freshets.
Cleared forest 3,000 feet by 16 feet.
Graded 3,000       „      12    „
Cribbed 240       ,,      12    „
Filled in 600       „      12    „
Sanca to White Grouse Trail.
This trail runs from Sanca, on Kootenay Lake, to the White Grouse Mountain mining
section, and is about 25 miles long. There are a number of very promising prospects
in the section, and considerable work has been done upon them. Nothing further than
assessments are now being done, however, and it is generally understood cheaper
transport must be secured before the claims can be developed.
Cut out fallen timber and brush for 25 miles, and repaired corduroy in places where
needed.
Goat River Trail.
This trail has Kitchener as its startiug point, and was projected to give the properties in
the White Grouse Mountain section an easier means of access than that afforded by
the trail in from Sanca. It follows up Goat River and one of its forks, and has
been constructed for a distance of about 22 miles, but does not reach the White
Grouse section, a short piece remaining to be built.
Cleared forest   12,240 feet by 10 feet.
Grubbed 2,400      „        3    „
Graded 2,250       „ 3    „
Removed log jam from bridge, 4 miles west of Kitchener. F 122 Public Works Report. 1903
Hidden Cheek Trail.
This trail runs up Hidden Creek, about 4|- miles south of Ymir, and is something over 4
miles in length. It serves the Hunter V group of claims, and a number of other
properties in the development stage. For the development of the Hunter V a
syndicate has been formed. The supplies for the Hunter V are taken in over the
trail which leads to the divide from the Porcupine Creek Waggon Road, but as the
property is well over on the Hidden Creek slope the ore would require to be brought
out down Hidden Creek. Arrangements are being made for the taking out of 1,000
tons of ore during the present winter.
Built bridge, 120 feet by 12 feet by 16 feet; 3 piers drift-bolted and filled with rock; 4
stringers 14 inches in diameter; 2 guard-rails 12 inches in diameter, full length of
bridge and bolted to stringers ; deck covered with split cedar.
Pend D'Oreille River  Road.
This road, when completed, will be 15 miles in length, with Waneta as its starting point
and ending at the Salmon River. It passes through a fruit-growing, cattle-raising
and agricultural section, in which there are at the present time 19 settlers. There
are also a couple of mining properties being operated in a small way and others that
are expected to be operated during the next summer on the Salmon. The traffic
consists of supplies to and produce from the settlers, and supplies and machinery to
the mines. Repairs necessary to the existing road to make it of general use bave
been reported on.
Cleared forest   3| miles by 20 feet.
Graded 3 \       n 9    ii
Grubbed 2>\       „ 9    n
Made culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Cut out windfalls and cleared out slides from Waneta to 15-Mile Creek.
Built 5 bridges, 15, 30, 70, 72 and 80 feet by 12.
Rykert's to Creston Road.
This road starts at Creston and terminates at Rykert's, and is 7 miles in length. The
country traversed is solely agricultural. Six or seven ranchers have settled on the
land adjacent to this road within the last two years, and have more than 150 acres
under cultivation. During the past year over 100 tons of hay and 200 bushels of
wheat were hauled over the road to Creston. The road is also used extensively by
people coming into the country from the State of Idaho. The Minneapolis Trust
Company have acquired 8,000 acres of land, between Creston and .Rykert's, and
intend colonising the same next season. From an agricultural point this road is
considered the most important in the district.
Cleared forest   3,960 feet by 40 feet
Grubbed 3,960      „       40    „
Graded 3,960      „      10    „
n 150      I.      12    „
810      „      10    ,i
Corduroyed 30      n 8    n    and 15 feet by 10 feet.
Cribbed 60      „       20    „
Built 4 bridges, 36 „ 10 „ , 37 feet by 10 feet, 47 feet by 12 feet, and 160 feet
by 10 feet.
Cleared trail of fallen timber for 6 miles.
Removed stumps from roadway.
Graded side-hills and cut down heavy grade on Hall Creek Trail.
Cut out fallen timber from Creston to Carr's ranch, and from Creston to Babbit's and
roadway leading to the school-house.
Creston to Alice Mine Road.
This road, commencing at Creston and ending at the Alice Mine, is 3 miles long. For
the first two miles out of Creston it passes through land occupied by settlers, who 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). F 123
are engaged in clearing the same for ranching and fruit-growing. There are 12
ranchers living adjacent to this road. Prior to the depression in the price of silver
and lead the Alice Mine was worked extensively and considerable ore was shipped
over this road, but the shrinkage in the prices of these metals caused the owners to
discontinue work. In proximity to the Alice, and served by this road, are several
other mining properties upon which good showings occur, and upon several of them
development work is being carried on.
Cleared forest   2,640 feet by 8 feet, widening roadway.
Grubbed 18,480      „   '10    n
Graded 7,920      i,    10    „
Made 2 culverts,    16      n      2    n      by 2 feet.
Built bridge, 12      „      6    „
Widened right of way in places, removed boulders and stumps from Creston Station to
Alice Mine grounds.
Bird Creek Trail.
This trail runs from the end of the Nelson to Forty-Nine Creek Waggon Road, and serves
a large number of properties upon which more or less work has been done. Among
these the Alexandria Group of claims is perhaps the best known, and upon it a great
deal of development was carried on during the past summer.
Cleared forest        2 miles by 12 feet.
Graded 400 feet by     4    „
Grubbed     .    1,320        „ 4    ,,
Cut out fallen timber on old trail for a distance of 3J miles.
,, ti and brush, and graded trail for about 500 feet, from main Bird
Creek trail to Ophir Mine.
Cut out fallen timber and brushed trail from Whitewater Mine for a distance of about 2
miles towards Ward's Crossing.
Barrett Creek Trail.
This trail is a continuation of the Porto Rico Waggon Road, which runs from Porto
Rico Siding, on the Nelson and Fort Sheppard Railway, to the Porto Rico Mine and
mill, a distance (if about 7 miles. From the end of the waggon road the trail is continued for a distance of about 8 miles, clear to the summit. For the section traversed by the waggon road the most important mining property served is the Spotted
Horse Group of five claims. These are situated about 4f miles from the siding, and
considerable work was done upon the group during the past season. During this
period 20 tons of high grade ore was shipped over the road. Arrangements are
being made for the working of the group upon an extensive scale during the coming-
summer. The section served by the trail from the end of the waggon road contains
a large number of mining properties in the development stage, several of which have
been Crown-granted.
Cleared forest        3,000 feet by   7   feet.
Graded 3,600        „       3|-    „
Excavated rock 75        n       3      n   by 2   feet.
Made 6 culverts, 10        n       7      „   by 2\   n
Cut out fallen timber for a distance of 8 miles to Porto Rico Mill.
Lost Creek Trail.
This is a short trail up Lost Creek,  which serves a number of prospects and also the
'   Feeney Ranch.    The work done on the same was in the nature of a refund to William
Feeney of a portion of his expenditures for the construction of a bridge across Sheep
Creek, about 4 miles from Salmo, on the Nelson and Fort Sheppard Railway.
Built one bridge across Sheep Creep, 4 miles from Salmo: truss, 58 feet long ; 5 piers
filled with rock ; 6 stringers, 12 inches by 15 inches; deck covered with split cedar ;
guard-rails full length of bridge. F 124 Public Works Report. 1903
Nelson to Forty-Nine Creek Road.
This road runs from Nelson to Forty-Nine Creek, and with the branches that have been
built from it has an aggregate length of about 15 miles. It taps the gold belt to the
south-west of Nelson, in which there are a number of extensively developed properties,
affording them direct connection with Nelson, and also provides some 20 settlers,
who have taken up land adjacent to it, with an outlet to market, when they are in a
position to avail themselves of it. Market gardening and fruit-raising will claim the
attention of most of these settlers.
Of the mining properties served by the road the most extensively developed are the
properties owned by the Duncan United Mines, namely, the Poorman, Granite and
Royal Canadian. These are reached by a spur off the main waggon road, and at
present furnish employment for about 40 men. The May and Jennie property is
served by a second spur from the main road, but during the past year the property
has not been worked very extensively. There are a number of other properties
which, while not directly reached by the road, are nevertheless very materially
benefited by its construction, in that, for the distance they are made to use it, they
have the advantage of much cheaper freight rates on their supplies from Nelson.
Among these are the Royal Irish Group of claims from which substantial shipments
of ore are expected to be made this winter; the McDonald Group of claims on
Forty-Nine Creek, on which an important strike was made during the last two
months ; the Referendum Group, upon which a small mill was erected during the
summer; the Northern Light Group ; and the Alexandria Group.
The tonnage over the road at present is made up of supplies to the mines and prospects of
the gold belt south of Nelson, and of cordwood into Nelson.
Cleared forest
81 miles by 20 feet.
Grubbed
8J         „     10    „
Graded
8J         „     10    „
Cribbed
540   feet by     6    „
Corduroyed
340        „       12    „
Excavated rock
9,000        tt         8    .,
Filled in
1,900        „       10    ,.
Made 17 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Built 24 bridges, varying in length from 16 feet to 160 feet by 14 feet.
Made general repairs; filled in ruts where washed out.
Put in culverts where spring freshets indicated the need of them; raised low places.
Hall Creek Trail.
This trail is a continuation of the waggon road up Hall Creek, which was built to reach
the Fern mine and mill, a distance of 2\ miles from Hall Siding, on the Nelson &
Fort Sheppard railway. The trail is about 7 miles in length, and serves a number
of properties upon which considerable development work was performed during the
past summer. The Fern property was operated under lease for the past year, but
within the past two weeks has been taken over by the owners again.
Cleared forest
7 miles by 8 feet.
Grubbed
51       ,i     8    H
Graded
6         ,.     8    ,,
Cribbed
45 feet by    3    i.
Excavated rock
315        ii       2    it    by 3 feet.
Filled in
225        ii       2    n      6 inches
La France Creek Trail.
This trail serves that section of country drained by La France Creek, which empties into
Kootenay Lake.
Cleared forest 10,000 feet by 12 feet.
Graded 9,000    „ 6    „
Cleared roadway 12 feet wide, providing for waggon road if built, but trail has been
graded only 4 feet wide. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Nelson Riding). F 125
Whitewater Creek Trail.
This trail runs up Whitewater Creek from Whitewater Siding, on the Nelson and Fort
Sheppard Railway, to the divide between 16-Mile Creek, a distance of about 12
miles. It serves the Silver Chief property, from which several cars of high-grade ore
were shipped, but upon which no work has been done for some time past. From
this trail a branch has been constructed for a distance of about 5 miles, which serves
the Apex group of mines. The owners of this property carried on development work
throughout the summer. The Apex ore will mill, and an effort will be made to
install a mill on the property next summer.
Cleared forest 10,800 feet by 4 to 6 feet.
Graded 13,200 feet by 4 feet.
Corduroyed 60 feet by 4 feet.
Cut out fallen timber on old trail for a distance of about 5-|- miles.
Wild Cat Trail.
This trail branches out from the Nelson-Forty-Nine Creek Waggon Road near the Red
Rock claim, in the Granite Group, and runs to the head of Forty-Nine Creek, and
has a length of about 5 miles. It is a first-class pack trail, and is used extensively
by the owners of a large number of properties upon which more or less work is done
every summer.
Corduroyed 120 feet by 8 feet.
Cut out fallen timber and brush for a distance of about a mile and a half.
Summit Creek Trail.
This trail commences at a point on Kootenay River near the mouth of Summit Creek,
and runs up the creek to the Bayonne Group, having a total length of about 26
miles. At the head of Summit Creek several discoveries of free-milling ore were
made during the year 1901, notably the Bayonne Group. During the past season
86 claims were located and recorded in the neighbourhood, and it appears to be a
very promising section as regards free-milling properties. At the mouth of the creek
several parties have lately taken up land, with the intention of ranching and fruitgrowing. The trail serves the owners of properties at the head of Summit Creek to
get in their supplies.
Cleared forest 3,200 feet by 10 feet.
Grubbed 3,200 feet by 4 feet.
Cut out fallen timber on old trail for a distance of 4J miles.
Monarch Mine Road.
This road is a spur from the Main Wild Horse Waggon Road. It is about a mile in
length and ends at the Foghorn Mine. The nature of the country through which it
passes is a gulch, containing good timber and a number of mining properties, among
the most important of which are the Foghorn, Rainey Day, Good Hope and Pialot.
Supplies, lumber and machinery to the Foghorn property constitute the bulk of
the traffic over the road, but during the summer there is considerable travel over it.
Cleared forest     7,920 feet, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,920    „    10
Graded 6,600    „      9
Excavated rock   3,960    n      6 n
Mountain Station to Nelson.
This is a short piece of road which runs from the limits of the City of Nelson to the
mountain station on the Nelson and Fort Sheppard Railway. As passengers for
Nelson save a railway journey of 10 miles, which it is necessary for trains to make
to descend to the level of the city, there is a very heavy travel over this piece of road.
Blasted out boulders, ditched roadway and made general repairs from mountain station to
the limits of the city. F 126 Public Works .Report. 1903
Geyette Bridge.
This is a small bridge over the east fork of the Salmon River, about 6 miles east of Erie.
Built bridge over the east fork of the Salmon River.
Cottonwood Creek Road.
This road covers a section of the old tote road, which was built during the construction
of the Nelson and Fort Sheppard Railway.     It serves a number of prospects.
Forest cleared
2,580 feet, 20 feet wide.
Graded
3,960    ,i      4
II
n
5,280    i,    10
II
Ditched
180    ii      2
II
Corduroyed
200    ii    12
It
Stoned
2,580    „      4
tt
ii
2,580    M    10
tt
Made 2 culverts
20 feet by 1 foot
by 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge, 70 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
ii    1       it       20    n 12    „        2    „
Repaired 5 bridges; put in new stringers and covering ; put in fording places at Give-out
Creek, east fork of Cottonwood and Cottonwood Crossing; cut out fallen timber for
3 miles; removed 35 stumps, and blasted out boulders.
Rossland Riding—Trail Creek Division.
Trail-Rossland Waggon Road.
This is a public highway extending from the Columbia River, at the mouth of Trail
Creek, to the City of Rossland, a distance of 5| miles, and is used for all necessary
purposes. The country through which it runs being rough and broken, the grade of
the road is heavy.
The work on this road consisted of clearing ditches and culverts, removing rocks from
roadbed and making general repairs.
Northport-Rossland Waggon Road.
This is a public highway extending from a point on the Columbia River opposite the
Town of Northport, in the State of Washington, to the City of Rossland, the distance
from Rossland to the International Boundary Line being 6| miles, and is used for all
necessary purposes. There are a number of settlers on Nelson and Fort Sheppard
lands close to the International Boundary Line. A large portion of the supplies used
at the Velvet Mine is hauled over this road from Rossland. Country hilly, but
grade of road good.
The work on this road consisted of clearing ditches, repairing culverts and bridges,
covering corduroy and making general repairs between the south boundary line of
the Municipality of the City of Rossland and the International Boundary Line.
Red Mountain Waggon Road.
This is a public highway extending from the north boundary line of the Municipality of
the City of Rossland around the north, west and south sides of Red Mountain to the
west boundary of the Municipality of the City of Rossland, a distance of 4 miles, and
recently is used very little, except for the purpose of hauling wood to Rossland.
Country broken and hilly.
The work on this road consisted of clearing ditches, filling ruts, repairing culverts and
making general repairs. 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). F 127
Rossland-Gladstone or Upper Murphy Creek Trail.
This trail commences at a point on the Red Mountain Waggon Road, about 2 miles northwesterly from Rossland; thence in a north-westerly direction to the Town of Gladstone, on the Columbia and Western Railway, a distance of about 28J miles, and is
used almost exclusively by prospectors.    Country hilly and mostly heavily timbered.
The work on this trail consisted in clearing fallen timber, putting in bridge 48 feet long,
245 feet of corduroy, and making general repairs from Rossland to the 23-mile post,
where such trail connects with the Norway Mountain Waggon Road.
Lower Murphy Creek Trail.
This trail commences at a point on Deschamps Mill Road about 1 mile north of the City
of Rossland; thence northerly to the head of Sullivan Creek, a distance of 12 miles,
having branches to Columbia River, 4 miles; North Fork of Murphy Creek, 4 miles;
and Dominion Mountain, 5 miles, and is used almost exclusively by prospectors.
Country hilly and heavily timbered.
The work on this trail and branch trails therefrom consisted of clearing out fallen timber,
brushing and making general repairs, including a bridge 30 feet long over a tributary
of the North Fork of Murphy Creek, and one 100 feet long over Murphy Creek,
near the mouth.
Sheep Lake Trail.
This trail commences at a point on Lower Arrow Lake, at Shields Landing; thence in a
south-westerly direction by Shields Station, on the Columbia and Western Railway,
and on to Sheep Lake, a distance of 6J miles; thence southerly to the Rossland-
Gladstone Trail at the 15-mile post, a distance of 2 miles, and is used almost exclusively by prospectors.    Country rough and heavily timbered.
The work on this trail consisted of clearing fallen timber and brushing out the trail.
Dewdney Trail.
This is a well-known trail extending from Hope, on the Fraser River, to Wild Horse
Creek, in East Kootenay, a large portion of which has fallen into disuse, the portion
in this District being used by prospectors and others travelling to the Boundary
District, also by workmen going to and from the Velvet Mine, on Sophia Mountain.
Country hilly and heavily timbered.
The work on this trail consisted in clearing fallen timber, putting in bridge on Sheep
Creek, 56 feet by 6 by 10 feet, and making- general repairs to trail from a point on
Northport Road 5 miles south of Rossland to Christina Lake, a distance of 25 miles.
Norway Mountain Waggon Road.
This road commences at a point on the Columbia and Western Railway, about 4,500 feet
north from the mouth of Hamil Creek, and extends to the Bonanza Cabin on Gren-
ville Mountain, a distance of 6.7 miles. Country rough and heavily timbered in
most places.
The contract for the construction of this road was let to H. W. C. Jackson, of Rossland,
on the 28th day of August, 1901, and was completed about November 1st, 1901.
The road is used by prospectors and others engaged in mining in that District. During
the winter of 1901-2 the Cascade Mining Company shipped 300 tons, and the Bonanza
Mining Company 90 tons of ore, over this road, besides taking in what supplies they
required at their properties, amounting to probably 20 tons, during the time work
was being carried on.    An average of about 25 men were employed. F 128 Public Works Report. 1903
Rossland Riding—Kettle River Division.
Road up the North Fork of Kettle River to Franklin Camp (construction.)
Part of this road, from Grand Forks to near Bannock City, a distance of about 15 miles,
had been previously built along the east side of the river; therefore, this year work
was commenced near to Bannock City and continued up the same side of the river
for a distance of about 12 miles. This valley will average about 1 mile in width.
The soil is of fairly good quality, and it is well timbered and watered. Nearly all
of it has been pre-empted on both sides of the river as far north as the East Fork, a
distance of about 30 miles from Grand Forks. There are. a large number of mineral
claims in this valley, also in Franklin Camp, a distance of about 65 miles from Grand
. Forks, where it is intended this road should ultimately reach. Coal has also been
found in the North Fork of Kettle River Valley, about 20 miles northerly from the
confluence with the East Fork, and a large number of coal claims have been staked.
This road, therefore, when finished, will be a great assistance to the settlers and
miners in opening up a practically new country. A small quantity of ore was hauled
over this road to the Granby Company's smelter at Grand Forks.
The road was cleared of timber 20 feet wide, grubbed and graded 10 feet wide, for nearly
the whole distance; 2,400 feet by 2 feet being ditched, 198 yards corduroyed, and
nearly a mile cribbed. The amount of earth excavated was 14,778 yards, and of
rock 1,000 37ards, while 3,200 yards of earth and rock were used in making fills.
Twenty-one bridges, averaging 14 by 18 by 14 feet, and 6 small culverts were also
built.
Bridge, North Fork of Kettle River, at Hardy's (construction and repairs).
This bridge was completed during the year by the contractor, Mr. E. Disney. It is about
180 feet long, three spans, with two piers built of piles in the river bed, and two long
approaches set on mud-sills. The river banks are low on each side and subject to overflow during high water. It was found necessary to protect the westerly bank at the
bridge by piling and filling in with rock for a distance of about 50 feet up stream.
This protection work was damaged by last spring freshet, and it is now necessary to
extend this protection work for a distance of about 600 feet.
Road, Grand Forks to Cascade (construction and repairs).
This road is about 13 miles long, following the valley of the Kettle River, and along
which about 30 settlers are located on good agricultural land.    This road is a part
of the main trunk road of this district.
Repairs consisted of cribbing, excavating and filling about 360 feet long, averaging 7 feet
wide, and removing the large stones from the roadbed.      New supports were also put
under the bridge at Gilpin's.
From Edward's Ferry to Cascade (construction).
For a distance of about 3 miles the road was changed to avoid low, swampy ground and
built along the foot-hills.
For | of a mile the forest was cleared 20 feet wide, and graded for If miles to a width of
11 feet. There was constructed 33 feet of cribbing, 12 feet wide; 2 culverts, 20 by
3|- by 1| feet; 4 culverts, averaging 24 by 21| by 1^- feet; and two bridges, 45 by
14 by 12 feet. The excavations amounted to 5,071 yards of earth and about 300
yards of rock.
In addition to this the bridge over Kettle River at Cascade was overhauled, new flooring
and railings placed thereon, the approaches thereto cribbed and filled. New
supports, flooring and railings were also added to the bridge at Thompson's.
Road, Cascade to Gladstone (repairs).
This road is 16 miles long, the first 5 miles being in a flat agricultural country, the
balance of the distance, from where it leaves Christina Lake, being mountainous. It
is used locally by miners, farmers and lumbermen.    There are 8 settlers in this 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). F 129
neighbourhood, a saw-mill at the foot of Christina Lake, but the mining properties
are lying dormant.
The forest was cleared on this road  for a distance of  2,700 feet, 8 feet wide ; 855 feet
graded, 15 feet wide.
Trail, Josh Creek (repairs).
This trail was cleared of timber, brush and rock slides, and is only used by miners and
prospectors.
Trail to the Head of Christina Lake from English Point (repairs).
This trail is about 10 miles long, and follows along a very steep mountain side. It was
principally built by the settlers at the head of the lake, especially to meet their
requirements during the winter months, when the 'ake cannot be safely used as a
means of travel.    The Provincial Government contributed $125 as a share thereto.
Trail, Gladstone to Burnt Basin (repairs).
This trail is 5| miles long, over a very high summit, and is used mostly by miners to
reach a large extent of mineral ground.
The forest was cleared 4 feet wide for over a mile,  and the trail was graded  for over
24,000 feet in length.    It was shortened considerably by various cut-offs, cleared of
timber and rocks, and 2 culverts were added.    Four claims were being worked and
16 men employed thereon.
Trail to John Bull and Other Claims, from Gladstone (construction).
This trail is 4|- miles long and was constructed for the use of prospectors and to facilitate
the development of mining properties in that neighbourhood. The country is very
rough and necessitated the excavation of 900 yards of rock, and cribbing 350 yards,
4 feet wide. The forest was cleared 6 feet wide for the whole distance, 8,200 yards,
and the trail grubbed and graded 2\ feet wide. Twenty yards were corduroyed
and 2 culverts were built.
Road near Fife Station (repairs).
This road is only a little over a mile in length, and was built just wide enough to be used
as a waggon road by the settlers in that vicinity, as a means of outlet to the Cascade-
Gladstone Road, and also the C. P. R. Station at Fife.
Road, Grand Forks to Carson (repairs).
This road is about 4| miles long. It is a part of the Main Trunk Road into the Boundary
District; it follows the north bank of the Kettle River through a fertile prairie, and
9 settlers are served by this road.
All the large stones were removed from the roadbed, and about 600 feet of side-hill, which
had been washed out with melting snow and rain, was re-graded and filled in.
Bridge, Kettle River at Carson (repairs).
This bridge was overhauled by adding more rock to the piers and abutments. During
the spring freshet it was closely watched and a number of log-jams removed from it,
but it was ultimately wrecked by the farce of a log-jam, which had carried away a
railway bridge higher up the river in the State of Washington, U. S. A.
Road, Grand Forks to White's Camp (repairs).
This road is about 7 miles long, i. e. from the camp to the point where it connects with
the Main Trunk Road on the Fourth of July Creek. This road was originally built
by the owners of the City of Paris Mine for the purpose of hauling out ore to the
Grand Forks Smelter.
The repairs consisted of removing 31 stumps, gravelling 51 feet, grading 10,500 feet by 4
feet wide, ditching 600 feet by 1 foot deep, corduroying 42 feet, cribbing 15,840 feet,
excavating 6,500 feet of earth by 2 by 3, 246 feet of rock 4 by 2, and filling 13,500
feet 4 feet wide by 1|- feet deep.    One bridge, 16 by 8 by 5 feet, was also built F 130 Public Works Report. . 1903
Road, Greenwood to Grand Forks (repairs).
This road is 23 miles long. It crosses the summit of the mountain between Boundary
Creek and the Fourth of July Creek, passing through Phcenix, a city of about 1,000
inhabitants. It is a part of the Main Trunk Road into the Boundary country.
There is a great deal of traffic over this road, and between Phcenix and Greenwood
it is a mail route, with two stages making the round trip daily. There are 8 settlers
on the road, and 8 mining properties at work, which give employment to about 800
men. No ore is being hauled over this road, as the C. & W. Railway Company have
sidings into all the most important mines.
This road was repaired by grading 2,100 feet by 2 feet wide, ditching 4,500 feet by 2
feet, stoning 95,040 feet by 14 feet wide, excavating earth 2,640 feet 2 by 3 feet, 66
feet rock 2 by 4, filling 210 feet 14 by 1, grubbing 28 stumps, building 3 culverts 14
by 6 by 2 feet, and 3 bridges, 18 by 16 by 5 feet.
Road, Anaconda to Grand Forks (repairs).
This road is about 21 miles long, and intersects the previous mentioned road—Greenwood
to Grand Forks—abeut 12 miles from Anaconda. It is part of the old stage route
from Penticton to Grand Forks, and was the first waggon road built over the mountain between Boundary Creek and Fourth of July Creek. There are 16 settlers
served by this road, one saw-mill and a large number of mineral claims.
Repairs consisted of removing 8 stumps, grading 900 feet, stoning 42,240 feet by 14 feet,
excavating 900 feet by 2 feet wide, filling 1,200 feet by 12 feet, building 2 culverts,
14 by 3 by 2 feet.
Road, Phoenix to Summit City (construction).
This road is 4| miles long and was built by contract. The country traversed is rough
and mountainous. Mr. Falconer, the contractor, cleared the timber 50 feet wide,
and made the grade 10 feet wide, clear of ditches and fills.
Road, Summit City to Eholt (repairs).
This road is 4 miles long, and the Phcenix to Summit City Road was built to connect with
it. The country around it is also mountainous and well timbered. There are likewise a large number of mineral claims in this locality, three of which are well
developed and occasionally ship ore by rail. About 65 men are employed therein.
This road it used as a mail route.
The repairs on this road aggregated 380 yards of grading by 10 feet wide, and ditching
110 yards by 2 feet.
Road, Eholt to B. C. Mine (repairs).
This road is a branch of the Summit City to Eholt Road and is about 2 miles long.
It goes through a mountainous, well timbered country, and is used principally for
hauling supplies to the mine. This mine employs about 80 men, and during the past
two years has shipped a large amount of ore over the C. & W. Railway. This railway company has a branch line from Eholt to Phoenix, which passes through Summit,
and again another branch from Summit to the B. C. Mine.
The repairs to this road consisted of grading 480 feet by 10 feet wide; 14 yards of rock
work ; ditching about 500 feet by 2 feet, and a little cribbing.
Main Street at Eholt (repairs).
This work was grading the main street of the town of Eholt, a town of about 200 inhabitants, from which there is considerable traffic with the neighbouring mining camps.
The length of the street was about 675 feet, and it was graded 35 feet wide. Two
culverts were put in and about 25 yards of rock moved.
Road, Eholt to Long Lake (construction).
This is a new road 5| miles long. It was built to meet the requirements of the Long
Lake Mining Camp, over a mountainous country, and starts at the Eholt Junction
on the C. & W. Railway.    The end of the road is at Long Lake, from which trails 3 Ed. 7 West Kootenay District (Rossland Riding). F 131
branch out to the different mining claims in that locality. The road passes through
several mining properties, the most important of which is the Jewel, which employs
on average about 30 men, and has shipped about 1,000 tons over this road to Eholt.
There is a saw-mill at the lake, where shingles and lumber are made, and a new
industry, the making of wooden water-pipes bound by steel wire, has lately been
started. There is also a ranch and townsite at the foot of the lake, where the road
ends.
The road was constructed in 1901 on a first-class grade, the forest being cleared to a
width of 25 feet and grading done to a width of 10 feet. Ditches were made,
aggregating 1,440 feet by 2 feet; 1 bridge and 17 culverts were constructed. It
was also found necessary to do considerably more ditching this spring, in order to
keep this road in repair, as a large amount of ore was then being hauled over it.
Road, Ethiopia Mine to Jewel Mine (construction).
This is also a new road, about 1 mile in length, built with a good grade by the owners of
the Ethiopia Mine to enable them to take in machinery and haul out ore. The
Government contributed a part of the cost. About 90 tons of ore were hauled over
this road, but at present the mine is shut down.
Road, Greenwood to Long Lake Camp (repairs).
The length of this road is about 9 miles. The first 3 miles from Greenwood follow the
east side of Boundary Creek and Eholt Creek on an easy grade; the other 6 miles
traverse a mountainous country with heavy grades. This was the only road to Long
Camp previous to the building of the Eholt-Long Lake Road, and serves the Jewel
and other properties in that vicinity, besides 3 settlers nearer to Greenwood. About
900 tons of ore were hauled over this road from the Jewel Mine to Messrs. P. Burns
& Co's. siding on the C. & W. Railway.
The repairs on this road were filling in washouts, ditching and corduroying.
Road, Greenwood to Providence Camp (repairs).
This road is about 1 mile in length from the city limits to the Providence Mine, which is
situated on a side-hill. Two settlers are served by this road, as well as a number of
miners. About 300 tons of ore have been hauled from this mine to the railway
depot at Greenwood. There are an average of 16 men employed at the Providence
Mine.
This road was graded for a distance of 1,200 feet by 10 feet wide, and the forest was
cleared 12 feet wide for a distance of 1,650 feet.
Road, Greenwood to Kimberley Camp (repairs).
This road is 9 miles long, and follows up the Boundary Creek Valley from Greenwood.
Seven settlers and a number of miners are served by it.
The repairs consisted of the removal of 720 stumps ; 225 feet of grading by 14 feet wide;
600 feet of ditching by 1 foot wide; 21,120 feet of road stoned to a width of 14
feet; 825 feet of earth by 14 by 4 feet was excavated, and 375 feet by 14 by 4 feet
was filled ; 2 culverts, 14 by 5 by 2 feet, and 2 bridges, 14 by 10 by 2 feet, were
built.
Road, Copper Camp from Greenwood (construction and repairs).
The length of this road is about 9 miles. The Greenwood end having been cut up of late
years by the railroad and smelter, it was necessary to re-build a portion of it, about
3,000 feet in length. An arrangement was made with the authorities of the City of
Greenwood, whereby they agreed to build a new road to the city limits to connect
with the work being done by the Provincial Government, resulting in a better grade
and a shorter road. ■ The road passes through the town of Deadwood, a place of
probably 100 inhabitants, where there is a saw-mill employing 25 men. There were
3 mines in operation on this road, 800 tons of ore being hauled over it from one, and
90 tons from one of the other of these claims. Supplies for Deadwood and Copper
Camps are hauled in over this road. The country is mountainous, well timbered in
places, and here and there small flats. This road is much used by miners, and 4
settlers are also served by it. F 132 Public Works Report. 1903
The work consisted of grubbing 136 stumps, grading 16,590 feet by 12 feet, gravelling
726 feet by 12 feet by 3 inches, ditching 1,446 feet by 2 feet, corduroying 600 feet by
14 feet, cribbing 150 feet, excavating earth 7,635 feet by 2 by 3 feet, excavating rock
501 feet by 6 by 4 feet, filling 6,240 feet by 12 by 1 foot, and making 3 culverts, 11
by 4 by 3 feet.
Road, Greenwood to Deadwood (repairs).
This road is about 2 miles long and branches off the road from Greenwood to Copper
Camp. It serves principally the Mother Lode and Sunset Mines, which are situated
about 4 miles from Greenwood These mines employ about 200 men steadily.
Lumbering is engaged in to a considerable extent in Deadwood ; most of the rough
lumber used in Greenwood, and timber used in the surrounding mines is cut in
Deadwood.
On this road the boulders were removed from the wheel-tracks, the washouts and ruts
were filled, and a culvert was repaired.
Road, Greenwood to Rock Creek (repairs).
This road is 20 miles in length, and is part of the main trunk road into the Boundary
District from Penticton, the end of navigation on the Okanagan Lake, connecting
with the C. P. R. at Okanagan Landing. It is very much used by agricultural,
mining, smelting and lumbering industries. Supplies for Camp McKinney, West-
bridge, Beaverdell, West Fork and Main Kettle River, are all hauled over this road,
and it is also the mail route for these places. Large quantities of farm produce,
live stock, concentrates from Camp McKinney and ore from outlying camps are
brought over it to Midway, the present terminus of the C. & W. Railway. From
Greenwood this road follows down the Boundary Creek Valley, passing through
Anaconda (1 mile), Boundary Falls (4 miles), and reaching Midway in about 8 miles.
Thus far this road serves 16 settlers, 2 smelters, 1 saw-mill, and a large number of
mineral claims, two of which are being developed and 18 men employed thereon. The
smelter at Boundary Falls has a force of about 75 men, and its capacity is being
enlarged to three times its present efficiency. From Midway to Rock Creek the
distance is 12 miles, the road following the Kettle River Valley for this distance,
which is comparatively flat, having good soil, an average width of about # of a mile,
and the whole distance occupied with settlers on both sides of the river. Midway
has a population of about 100 inhabitants. An average of about 25 men are employed
in a large saw-mill near there.
On this road 7 stumps were grubbed, 600 feet by 4 feet graded, 255 feet by 4 feet ditched,
6,000 feet by 2 feet excavated in earth, 45 feet by 3 by 4 feet excavated in rock, 300
feet by 4 by 2 feet were filled ; removed the boulders from the wheel-tracks for a
distance of 9 miles ; built 3 culverts, averaging 10 by 16 by 4 feet, and 2 bridges, 8
by 16 by 4 feet; also a truss bridge over Boundary Creek, 50 feet long by 14 by 12
feet.
Bridge, Main Kettle River at Ingram's (construction).
This bridge is situated on the Greenwood to Rock Creek Road, about half-way between
Midway and Rock Creek. The length of this bridge is about 210 feet, namely, 3
spans, 60 feet each, and one of about 30 feet at the southerly bank. The old bridge
was found to be rotten and unsafe. 3 Ed. 7 North-East Kootenay District. F 133
North-East   Kootenay   District.
Canoe River Trail.
Commencing at Donald and following the Columbia River ; thence up the Canoe River
to Tete Jaune Cache, on the Fraser River, a distance of about 160 miles. There has
not been very much work done on this trail by way of maintenance, because it has
not been very much used of late. To put it in good shape would require a very
heavy expenditure. Lately some good specimens of mica, comprising about 1,000
pounds, have been brought out. In order to get at the claims, which number about
30, a new trail will be required from the lower end of Timbasket Lake, on the west
side of the Columbia River, for a distance of about 20 miles.
A temporary trail has been built this season up Big Mouth Creek in order to get provisions in to do assessment work. Other than doing the annual assessments, there
has been no other industry in that locality ; but owing to the fine tracts of timber
land, it is safe to assume that it will in the near future be given more attention.
McvfuRDO District Trails.
The district covers a large area, the aggregate length of trails being over 100 miles.
Although there are a large number of claims located, and considerable work was
done in the past, there has be^n very little doing of late other than assessments.
Ice River District.
Built about 11 miles of trail from Leanchoil Station, on the C.P.R., and surveyed a
location for a wagon road. There are several promising locations, some agricultural
land, and fairly good timber. About half a dozen settlers have taken up ranches.
The old C.P.R. tote road from Leanchoil to Field should be opened up, making a
connection for settlers to drive in for supplies.
Trunk Road, Golden to Donald.
A total distance of 18 miles; is used by prospectors going to the Big Bend, and largely
used in the vicinity of Golden by settlers and lumbermen ; usually about 100 men
employed in the latter industry.
Main Trunk Road,  Golden to Fort Steele.
A distance of 160 miles, about 127 in this district. This is the main artery of the valley;
a mail route, and is fairly well settled, showing marked signs of improvement each
year. The bulk of the trade is, however, done by the steamers plying on the
Columbia River; consequently, there is not much teaming in summer on the road
other than by the local settlers; it is principally used for freighting in the spring
and fall. Considerable work is done on the road annually, principally cutting brush
on the right of way, cleaning ditches, repairing bridges and culverts, filling ruts,
brushing and gravelling wet spots, the latter being very costly owing to the long
haul.
One bridge was entirely renewed this year, consisting of one 40-foot .King truss; one 20-
ft. and two 16-ft. spans, and one pier.
Toby Creek Waggon Road.
This road was extended this year a distance of 6 miles to the North Fork, making a total
length of about 20 miles from the Columbia River at Athalmer. The country
traversed is a rough, mountainous pass, the road being built for mining purposes.
There is some fairly good timber, which will mostly be used for mining, the creek
being hardly suitable for lumbering purposes on the outside. Owing to the heavy
nature of the work, which is principally side-hill, the roadbed was made as narrow F 134 Public Works Report. 1903
as possible, in order to lower the cost; the maintenance will, therefore, be heavy for
some time to come, depending a good deal, of course, on how the slopes stand the
spring thaw. There were between 60 and 70 men employed on the road and mining,
1,000 tons of ore being hauled to the river bank ready for shipment by steamers.
Horse Thief Creek Waggon Road.
Built 20 miles of waggon road from Wilmer, the first 8 miles being on bench land, some
of which is suitable for agricultural purposes and has some settlers. The road was
mainly built for mining purposes, and the McDonald Creek Mining Co. extended it
8 miles to a point near their mine, an elevation of 7,500 feet, where it is proposed to
build a compressor plant and a tramway. There were about 75 men employed and
200 tons of ore hauled to the river bank for shipment. The maintenance on this
road will also be heavy for a time.
West Side of Windermere Lake.
Built 6 miles of waggon road on the bench land, connecting with the trunk roads at
Athalmer. This road is for the settlers on the west side of the lake, numbering
about a dozen.
Wilmer to No. 2 Creek.
Made a survey for waggon road ; built 1 mile, the balance to be finished later. There
are about a dozen settlers on this route and it is largely used by prospectors going to
No. 2 Creek and the Bugaboo. There are good claims on No. 2 Creek. The ore
will have to go to the Columbia River, at a point near Brisco, and to which point
it is proposed to build a sleigh road, the distance being about 15 miles. .
Trails.
Throughout the district there are trails which will aggregate a total length of over 500
miles, the whole requiring more or less attention in the shape of cutting out fallen
timber, renewals of bridges and culverts and general repairs, as may be found
necessary. Where the timber has been burnt the trails have to be cleaned after
every wind-storm, and to this must be largely attributed the large sums expended on
old trails. As a general rule they are tributary to the system of waggon roads, and
many will eventually no doubt be converted into roads or abandoned for some cause
or other. The amount of money required for trails during the ensuing season must
of necessity be governed by the amount of work which is proposed to be done on the
mineral claims ; therefore, a certain sum should be provided, to be spent to suit the
conditions obtaining next year. An estimate may be made out in detail, but unless
some guarantee is forthcoming that good use is to be made of the improvements, the
expenditure should not be made, and in all probability some other point, hitherto
unheard of, would have a better claim for it.
Golden Court House.
Built a stone vault, brick arch, 6 by 8 feet 6 inches, inside measurement. Erected new
fencing around Court House and Gaol.
Schools.
Built new school-rooms at Golden and at Windermere. 3 Ed. 7
South-East Kootenay District.
F 135
South-East   Kootenay   District.
 o	
Michel Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
Michel	
Michel	
Route 3  	
Rough.
Very rough.
2.—Tote Road	
10
4
48
Population of the town of Michel, 600 ; of the whole section, 700. Parcels of land,
exclusive of town lots, 17. The greater part of the land in the section belongs to the British
Columbia Southern Railway and the Crow's Nest Coal Company. There are three saw-mills
in operation. The output of coal in 1901 was 47,110 tons, and the number of men employed
was 169. Since the beginning of the year 1902, the manufacture of coke has been commenced
and the coal output has been much increased. The only available farming land in the section
is on routes 3 and 4.
Route 1—Light general traffic.
Route 2—Light lumbering traffic.
Route 3—Light farming, lumbering and coal prospecting traffic. Erected a Truss Bridge
over Elk River, having a span of 80 feet, besides approaches. Improved the old tote road
between Michel Town and Michel Prairie.
Route 4—Light farming and coal prospecting traffic.
Fernie Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
Very rough.
2.—Coal Creek Mills Road	
2
5
1
2
23
7
5
4.—North Fernie Road  	
5.—West Fernie Road	
Rough.
7.—Elk River Trail. .
„        9
8.—Sand Creek Trail  	
if      5	
fi
The population of the town of Fernie is about 2,000 ; of the coal mines village, about
400 ; and of the whole section about 2,600. There are 21 parcels of land, besides town lots,
and 6 mineral claims in the District. There, are 6 saw-mills in operation. The output of coal
for 1901 was 322,245 tons, and of coke 111,683 tons, employing 820 men. All the land east
of Elk River belongs to the British Columbia Southern Railway or the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Company.
Route 1 —Heavy general traffic. Laid 300 lineal feet of sidewalk, property owners
furnishing the material; built 4 road crossings; cleared streets of stumps and boulders;
graded a ramp to Elk River.
Route 2—Medium lumbering and cattle traffic.    Rebuilt bridges and culverts.
Route 3—Much general traffic.
Route 4—Very heavy lumbering and farming traffic.    Built one mile of road.
Route 5—Very heavy lumbering traffic. Two saw-mills haul their output over this road.
Road includes bridge over Elk River of 3 spans of 80, 40 and 40 feet.
Route 6—Light cattle traffic with North-West Territories.
Route 7—Light cattle traffic and general traffic between Fernie and Morrissey.
' Route 8—Light mining traffic.    Improved the trail. F 136
Public Works Report.
1903
MORRISSEY   AND   FLATHEAD   SECTION.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
l._Tote Road	
2
4
4
12
30
Morrissey Junction . .
Rough.
2.—Mines Road	
3._Creek Road	
4.—Elk River Trail	
5.—Wigwam Trail    	
1 to Elko
Elko Pack Bridge . . .
ti
Coal mines have been opened in 1902, and there is now a population of 400, which is
being increased steadily. There is one saw-mill in operation. The town of Morrissey is being
built on the west side of Elk River and another town is being laid out near the coal mines.
Routes 1 and 4—Light cattle traffic with the North-West Territories.
Routes 2 and 3—Large general traffic between the C. P. R. and the mines.
Route 5—Used for coal and oil prospecting on the Government reserved block in the
south-eastern corner of the District.
Elko and Tobacco Plains Section.
Route.
1.—Trunk Road to Boundary .
2.—Front Road to Boundary .
3.—Crow's Nest Landing Road
4.—Sand Point Road	
5. —Jaffray Road	
6.—Gateway Road  	
7.—Tobacco Plains Trail	
8.—Phillips Creek Trail	
Miles.
28
30
12
10
4
6
10
3
Starting Point.
Rock Creek 	
Elko " '..'.".
Phillips Route 1 .
Elko Pack Bridge
Phillips Route 1 .
Description of
Country.
Easy.
Very roug
Rough.
This section has a population of about 200. There are 50 parcels of land, besides town
lots ; 42 mineral claims ;  1 saw-mill in operation.
Route 1—Medium farming traffic; mail route.
Route 2—Heavy railway construction traffic, now over.
Route 3—Medium farming traffic ; mail route.
Route 4—Practically no traffic.
Route 5—Medium farming and lumbering traffic. Improved old tote road; built small
bridges; constructed one ramp, 1,600 feet long, at Mott's.
Route 6—Medium farming and mining traffic.     Built 6 miles of road.
Route 7—Much traffic now that waggon bridge is washed out; mail route ; is used in
connection with route 5 of Morrissey section for coal and oil property.
Route 8—Medium mining traffic.
Jaffray Section.
Route.
Miles.
Starting Point.
Description of
Country.
1.    Trunk Road	
22
12
8
4
6
1
2
4
Bull River   	
Jaffray	
Route 1    	
1  	
-/       5	
„      2	
Easy in parts.
Easy.
Easy in parts.
Easy.
Rough.
Easy.
Very rough.
Rough.
2.    Elko Road	
3. —Langley Road	
4.—Sand Creek Road    	
7.    Bull River South Trail	
8.—Sand Creek Trail	 3 Ed 7
Souih-East Kootenay District.
F 137
The population of this district is about 100. There are 50 parcels of land, exclusive of
town lots, and 22 mineral claims;  1 saw-mill in operation.
Route 1—Light general traffic.
Route 2—Medium farming and lumbering traffic. Improved old tote road and diverted
it around a swamp.
Routes 3, 4, and 5—Light farming traffic.
Route 6—No traffic at present.
Route 7—Light mining traffic. Rebuilt Bull River Pack Bridge, making it wide enough
for waggons. The bridge is a Queen Truss, 80 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 111 feet above low
water level.
Route 8—Light mining traffic.
Cranbrook Section.
Route.
1.—Cranbrook Streets ..
2.—Fort Steele Road . ..
3.—Mission Road    .
4.—Moyie Road	
5.—Palmer's Bar Road ..
6.—Pekin Sleigh Road . .
7.—Perry Creek Road  ..
8.—Mount Baker Road  .
9.—Upper Moyie Trail..
10.—Mount Baker Trail..
11.—Trenton Creek Trail.
12.—Perry Creek Trail. . .
13.—Hell's Roaring Trail.
Miles.
7
5
11
10
11
15
3
12
1
6
8
15
Starting Point.
Cranbrook
Palmer's Bar
Cranbrook ..
Route Ci . .
8 ..
Cranbrook
Route 7 ..
a       7 ..
Description of
Country.
Easy.
Rough in parts.
Rough.
Very rough.
Easy.
Rough.
Very rough.
The population of the town of Cranbrook is about 1,500, and of the section 1,600. There
are in the section 224 parcels of land, besides town lots, 234 mineral claims and 18 placer
mining leases. There are no mines shipping ore over the highways. There are 5 saw-mills in
operation.
Routes 1 and 2—Heavy general traffic. Renewed school-house bridge, grading approach
thereto.
Route 3—Heavy farming and mining traffic; mail route. Reduced gradients on two
ramps, 1,000 feet in length.
Route 4—Light general traffic.
Route 5—Heavy  farming,   lumbering  and   mining  traffic,
renewed small bridges.
Route 6—Light mining traffic ; $250 contributed by Pekin Mine,
of sleigh road, including 4,000 lineal feet of grading.
Route   7—Medium   mining   traffic.    Improvements  between   Cranbrook  and  old  town
include 3 bridges, and 4 culverts renewed, and  2 miles of new road,
miles on the north-west side of the creek.    Very heavy side-hill work
Route 8—Heavy mining traffic on part. Constructed 3 miles of road, including 2 bridges
over Joseph Creek.
Routes 9, 10, and 11—Light mining traffic.
Route 12—Heavy mining traffic.
Moyie, Yahk and Gold Creek Section.
Corduroyed   swamps   and
Constructed  6  miles
Extension of road  2|
Route.
1.—Moyie Streets	
2.—Cranbrook Road	
3.—South Road	
4.—Pewdney Trail	
5.--Bonner's Ferry Trail	
6.—Yahk and Cold Creek Trail .
7.—Plumbob Trail	
8.—Kootenay River Trail	
Miles
8
6
18
5
50
6
40
Starting Point.
Moyie	
Route 3	
„     3	
„      4	
Kootenay River
Wardner	
Description of
Country.
Rough.
Very rough.
Rough.          3 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. F 147
Brought forward.  7,546 35
Vote 146.—Westminster District (Richmond Riding).—
Concluded.
Gibson Settlement roads  938 89
Bowen Island wharf  83 40
Lot 301 roads  2,761  83
Bridges across Moodyville and Lynn Creeks.  1,028 85
Lynn Creek road and trail  65 40
Seymour Creek road  286 25
Westminster and Hastings road  858 09
Rose Hill road  28 00
Boundary road between Burnaby and Hastings Townsite  210 02
Moodyville trail  110 85
ii          roads and bridges  55 14
General roads  220 49
North Arm road  62 70
Howe Sound roads  516 25
Seymour Creek and Squamish trail '.*.'  170 37
Hastings-Vancouver road  459 01
Gibson's Landing, wharf     26 00
Squamish Valley and Pemberton trail  27 00
Howe Sound to Sechelt road  810  15
Squamish Valley road extension and wharf  6,605 54
$22,871 58
Vote 147.—Westminster District (Dewdney Riding).
Mission City sidewalk  $    5S 50
n          wharf  217  74
Keatsey (Bonson's) wharf  110 45
Mission City roads and bridges    891 03
North Nicomen road  1,035 96
McDonald-North Lillooet-Maple Ridge road  555 15
Protection banks, Nicomen Slough  67 04
Port Moody-Queen street extension and sidewalks  1,005 44
Nicomen Slough bridge  3,262  17
Hatzic Prairie bridge  893 62
Clearing log jam on the Lillooet  190 00
Morris Valley road    523 78
Port Moody road  37 87
Vedder Mountain road  17 75
Dewdney Trunk road     7,940 55
Harrison Hot Springs road  605  60
General roads  21 97
Coquitlam bridge  667 12
Pitt River ferry scow  10 00
road   210 84
$18,332 58
Vote 148.—Westminster District (Chilliwhack Riding).
Mount Baker road  $5,506 00
Cultus Lake road . . .. 1,512 16
Huntingdon-Abbotsford road  . 1,528 18
Vedder Mountain road  1,177 25
Carried forward  9,723 59 F 148 Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forward     $9,723 59
Vote 148.—Westminster District (Chilliwhack Riding).—
Concluded.
Yale Road, Stewart's Ranch to Cultus Crossing bridge  160 82
ii           Mountain side      554 65
Porter road  735 49
Sumas and Huntingdon road  350 94
Yale Road, Cultus Lake Bridge to Sumas Lake  1,084 50
ii           Abbotsford to Sumas Prairie  516 12
ii           Shortreed's to Mount Lehman  15 60
Jackman Hill  6 75
Sumas Mountain road  505 00
Yale Road round Sumas Lake  18 90
Muddy bridge  336 75
Majuba Hill road  293 50
McLellan and Kirkland road  5 25
Demolition Vedder Creek bridge  394 56
Harris road  18 05
Chilliwhack River road  29  75
Compensation to D. H. Mohler  18 00
$1^,768 22
Vote 149.—Westminster District (Delta Riding).
Yale Road, Serpentine Flats  1,267 75
Grading hills on road, Jackman's to Fraser River  689 62
Serpentine River, outlet ditch, etc  4,250 00
Cutting down hill and building bridge, Waterhouse Hill  117  70
Yale Road, Brownsville to Langley  245 75
H           Surrey                   n            4 00
ii            Shortreed's to Matsqui     1,498 25
Delta Trunk road   1,000 00
New River road, Langley  744  35
Bridge, Yale road  175 00
McLellan and Kirkland road  6 00
Dredging, road Salmon River Flats  2,000 00
$11,998 42
Vote 150.—Yale District (North Riding).
Kamloops-Shuswap road  $223 00
North Thompson (east side) road     154 92
(west   ii  )    H          34 20
South         H          (north n )    u        73 22
Nicola-Spence's Bridge road  924 80
Notch Hill, East road  20 00
General roads  607 58
Notch Hill road  215 50
Douglas Lake road    201 25
Paxton-6-Mile Creek road  136 50
Coal Hill road  6 25
Campbell Creek road  381 25
Graham and Fox road  57 00
Grand Prairie road    820 75
Oulette road  130 00
Nicola Lake-Hamilton Hill road   140 00
Carried forward  4,126 22 3 Ed. 7                               Statement of Expenditure. F 149
Brought forward  $4,126 22
Vote 150.—Yale District (North Riding).—Concluded.
Grand Prairie-Fish Lake road  253 95
6-Mile Creek road  ,  71  25
West side, Salmon Arm road  531 46
Bojorkam's road  201 00
School-House (Salmon Arm) road  931  75
Tolputt road  242 00
Enderby road  144 25
Canoe Creek road  95 50
Miller-Lizard road  104 75
Kamloops-Savona road  226 52
Salmon Arm, general roads.     307 59
Tappen Siding road  775 38
Shuswap and Kualt road    76 25
Craigellachie roads  484 00
South Thompson bridge  163 90
Grand Prairie-Douglas Lake road  302 75
Beaton and Fish Lake road ,  756 98
Woodland Mountain road  649  21
Harper's Camp and McByrne Valley road  9 90
Foot Hill road  26 85
Kamloops, Thompson River (approaches) bridge    279  47
Bishoff (Notch Hill) road  152 50
Kamloops-Nicola road  1,978 79
Lewis Creek road  306 13
Nicola-Savonas road  7 40
Thompson River (Kamloops) bridge      ... 21,810 84
$35,016 59
Vote 151.—Yale District (East Riding).
Gravelling road Kelowna to Dell's Corner  $1,828 90
Gravelling main road to Kelowna  1,112 42
Vernon and Coldstream road  5,013 42
Improving road 13 to 24-mile post, and new bridge, Lumby Section. . . . 1,282 78
Bridge at Fortune's  347  21
Camp McKinney-Rock Creek road  2,243  25
Roads, Cherry Creek Section  1,017  35
Road extension, west side Okanagan Lake  3,012 90
Road, Keremeos Creek-Fish Lake  2,003  95
ii      Lumby, North (new)  600 59
ii      head of Swan Lake to Enderby  1,209  10
Roads, Vernon Section  2,048 00
Lumby      „         1,030 81
Mara          „          753  19
ii       Okanagan Mission  703  21
„       Dry Valley Section  397 46
ii       Shuswap         ,  59 75
Mission           „           1,579 53
White Valley „           61 50
ii       Peachlands     n  310 87
Enderby         „           1,698 05
Penticton-Nickel Plate road  845 32
Vercon-Coinmonage road  69 45
General roads      185 45
Carried forioard   29,414 46 F 150                                      Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forward $ 29,414 46
Vote 151.—Yale District (East Riding).—Concluded.
Bridge, 6-Mile Creek, west side Okanagan Lake  107 75
Fairview-Keremeos road  942 13
Camp McKinney-Sidley road    72 50
Fairview-Camp McKinney road  158 75
General roads  88 50
Fairview (vicinity) roads    216 00
Fairview-Penticton road  1,374 52
Penticton (south) roads  348 76
Penticton-Beaverton trail  104 80
Keremeos-White Lake road    359 95
Okanagan Falls-Camp McKinney road  839  90
Anarchist Mountain roads  635 00
Gillespie and Rock Creek road  124 95
Osoyoos-Similkameen road  57 00
Osoyoos-Keremeos road  50 00
Okanagan River bridge  28 50
Okanagan Falls-Pentiction road  90 00
Keremeos-20-Mile road  20 58
Osoyoos-Fairview road  33 15
West Fork Kettle River road  22 75
Okanagan Falls-Fairview road  193 25
Road Machine  335 78
$35,618 98
Vote 152.—Yale District (West Riding).
Road to Guildford Valley  $ 252 90
Extension of One-Mile road      191 75
Road to Midday Valley  230 15
Lillooet-Lytton (West Yale section) road  1,822  16
Princeton-20-Mile road   3,059 15
Nicola-Spence's Bridge road  1,276 18
Granite Creek road  1,806 04
Slate Creek road  35 00
Nicola-Granite Creek road  378 00
Coldwater road  . 133 75
Deadman Creek road  532 84
General roads  400 83
Silver Creek (Hope-Popcum road) bridge  931 58
Hope-Popcum road , 739 82
Hope-Similkameen trail  288 00
Cache Creek-Savonas road  149 00
Mamete Lake road  313 76
Granite Creek-Princeton road  77 50
Cornwall road  271  65
Spence's Bridge ferry  9 60
Harper's Mill road  176 85
Lindley bridge  60 37
Otter Flat-Summit Camp trail ,. 494 70
Roach River trail....         8 15
Penny road  120 00
Ashcroft bridge  12 37
Barnes and Lehman road  16 00
Tulameen bridge  19 98
Carried forward  13,808 08 3 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. F 1.51
Brought forward $13,808 08
Vote 152.—Yale District (West Riding).—Concluded.
Barnes' Hill road  41  25
McKay and Laing road  27 00
Copper Creek trail  33 75
20-Mile Creek bridge  51 00
Similkameen trail  119 25
Hope-Nicola trail  11 75
$14,092 08
Vote 153.—Lillooet District (East Riding).
Hat Creek road  $  427 50
Upper Dog Creek road  220 00
Bridge Creek, Carmin Lake road  133 00
Upper Deadman Creek  83 00
70-Mile House to Jamieson road  150 75
108-Horsefly road    569 25
McKinley-Horsefly road  138 00
Big Bar  83 50
Bonaparte River (improving channel)  35 00
134-Mile House to Augustine's road  223 50
Upper Bonaparte road  354 00
Gustafsen's road     20 00
Upper Hat Creek road  300 00
General roads  97 50
Rafael's to Pigeon's road  78 75
Morgan (Bonaparte River) bridge  409 00
Morgan and Mundorf (Bonaparte River) bridge  204 70
Ill-Horsefly road '  77 75
Deadman Creek road  25 00
Rocky Springs road  1,598 76
Canoe Creek, St. Mary's Ferry road  696 14
Dog Creek bridge  72 00
Dog Creek Bridge road  268 51
Carson's road  161  25
High Bar road  7  00
Dog Creek, St. Mary's Ferry road  451  95
Pigeon's to Augustine's road  69 50
Tool House  86 87
Rayson road    .... 11166
McKinley-Hamilton Ogden road  100 00
Churn Creek Ferry  19 50
Bridge, Bonaparte River (Walker's)  322 50
Wintering horses  35 00
Clin ton-Alkali road  2,262 57
70-Mile House-Green Lake road  106 00
$9,999 41
Vote 154.—Lillooet District (West Riding).
Bridge, mouth of Bridge River   $ 1,042 07
Bridge River road  7,716 51
Lillooet-Lytton (West Lillooet Section) road  2,799 32
Lillooet-Clinton road  934 75
Anderson's Lake trail  96 50
Chadwick road  447 24
Brought forward  13,036 42 F 152                                         Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forivard $ 13,036 42
Vote 154.—Lillooet District (West Riding).—Concluded.
Seaton Lake trail  243 57
Wycott road  201  25
High Bar road  491 40
Cayoosh Creek road  325 00
Marble Canyon road  171 75
West Side Fraser River trail  130 50
Empire Valley road   ,  367 25
McGillivray Creek trail    218 00
To Winter Crossing, Churn Creek Ferry road     114 00
Portage Creek bridge  32 00
Fraser River bridge  114 60
Upper Lillooet River road  11  25
Gaspard Creek bridge  1,073 74
Gang Ranch road     176 95
Lillooet-Seaton Lake road  138 50
Churn Creek Ferry  2 00
Main Street, Lillooet  23 00
Trail north of Bridge River to North Fork  36 00
$16,907 18
Vote 155.—Cariboo District.
Quesnel-Manson trail  $1,511  93
150-Mile House to Quesnel Forks road  5,129 49
150-Mile House to Horsefly road  2,607 20
108-Mile House to Horsefly road  2,033 52
Beaver Valley to Horsefly road  743 00
Hardscrabble Creek road  211  62
Slough Creek road  155 25
Chilcotin Bridge to Deer Park Ranch road   60 00
Richfield road  42  25
Beaumont Ranch from main Chilcotin road  100 50
Richfield-Stanley old road  165 75
Lowhee Creek road  420  25
Chilcotin River bridge and road  48 00
Springfield Farm road  16 50
Dragon Creek trail  88 00
Quesnel River trail  15275
General roads  81 24
Rochon Creek trail  45 50
Grouse Creek and Antler Creek road  1,414 46
.i      107 25
Hopeful Flat road  25 50
8-Mile Lake and Stewart Creek road  491  25
Snowshoe trail  21 75
Soda Creek Ferry  95 55
Quesnel River road  413 50
Chilcotin main road  417 65
Dragon Creek road  581 00.
Pinchbeck Creek road to Davis' Ranch road  57 00
Barkerville to Fraser River trail  50 00
Alkali Lake-Chimney Creek road  483 95
Barkerville to Keithley Creek trail  1,045 64
Quesnel Forks to Quesnel Lake road  79 00
Carried forward  18,896 25 3 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. F 153
Brought forward $ 18,896 25
Vote 155.—Cariboo District.—Concluded.
Chimney Creek-Chilcotin road  45 00
Cottonwood River road  47  50
Sugar Creek road  82 50
Mud Lake road    66 00
Bear Lake and Fraser River trail      25 00
Willow River road  100 00
Chilcotin (Lee Hill) road  52 50
Stabler road  67 50
Deep Creek road    190 50
Peter Creek road  112 00
Antler-Cunningham road and bridge  112 86
Wolf Creek road     50 00
Canadian Creek road  35 75
Alexandria road    53 25
Horsefly River road  48 00
$19,984 61
Vote 156.—East Kootenay (Northern Division).
Toby Creek road  $6,466 35
West side Windermere Lake road  557  94
General roads  423 35
Horse Thief trail  351  55
Bugaboo bridge  204 50
trail  383 00
No. 2 Creek bridge    591  74
Dutch Creek trail  35 80
Athalmer-Peterboro road  128 75
No. 2 Creek Bridge trail  398 00
Toby Creek bridge  331  18
Horse Thief bridge  86 00
Donald-Golden road  83 75
Ice River trail   246 15
Golden streets  130 50
Blackberry bridge  50  00
Bluewater bridge  6 00
Hospital sidewalk    276 26
Kicking Horse bridge  75 25
Bott's Channel bridge  180 00
Quartz Creek trail  25 00
Athalmer road  226 62
Main Trunk road  4,120 28
Horse Thief Creek road  14,507 50
Canterbury road  100 75
Salmon Bed bridge  21 00
North Fork trail  40 00
Copper Creek trail  200 00
Canoe River trail  65 00
McMurdo District trails  776 00
Bald Mountain trail  20 00
Toby Creek trail  9 00
Boulder Creek trail  16 25
Spring Creek trail  42 50
Salmon River trail  50 00
Carried forward  31,225 97 F 154 Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forward  $31,225 97
Vote 156.—East Kootenay (Northern Division).—
Concluded.
Athalmer bridge    143 00
Findlay Creek road  50 00
15-Mile Creek trail    15 00
Law Creek trail  103 50
No. 2 Creek road  473 90
Brewer's (Col. River) bridge  95 59
Big Moult Creek road  81  25
Road to Landing  97 00
Findlay and Skookumchuck trail  50 00
Road to Upper Kicking Horse bridge  50 00
Ice River road survey      337 09
Peterboro to No. 2 Creek trail  25 00
$32,747 30
Vote 157.—East Kootenay (South Division).
Perry Creek road extension  $3,097 45
Bridge, Michel Creek  2,532 27
Bull River  378 74
Elko and Tobacco Plains roads  232 62
Moyie roads   468 57
Warden roads  350 25
Kimberley roads  217 75
St. Mary's roads  2,118 92
Skookumchuck roads  1,445 78
St. Mary's trails  812 05
General roads  27 05
Fort Steele trails  1,199 72
Fernie (Sand Creek) trails  136 00
Fort Steele roads  4,996  10
Cranbrook roads  3,492  99
Matthew Creek bridge    1,044 37
Elko roads  357  17
Fernie roads      717  31
Tracey Creek   17 50
$23,642 61
Vote 158.—West Kootenay (Revelstoke Riding).
Steamboat service, Revelstoke to Death Rapids  $2,500 00
Galena Bay roads  250 00
Jordan Pass trail  407 91
Silver Cup from 8-mile bridge :  93 25
Pool Creek bridge  50 00
Columbia River bank protection  50 80
River bank protection (Illecillewaet wing dam)  230 00
Trout Lake road  1,832 39
Clearing snow off bridges  293 75
Camborne Ferry  38 25
Fire Valley to Summit Kettle River trail  220 25
ii            extension  546 48
Trout Lake to Summit  484 10
Murray Creek trail     199  37
5-Mile Creek trail  986 79
Carried forward  $8,183 34 3 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. F 155
Brought forward. , $ 8,183 34
Vote 158.—West Kootenay (Revelstoke Riding).—
Continued.
North Fork and Metropolitan trail	
Lexington Creek-Boyd trail	
East Fish Creek trail	
Pool Creek trail	
Illecillewaet settlers' road	
8-Mile road	
Greeley Creek road	
Big Bend trail	
Carnes Creek trail	
Downie Creek trail	
Laforme Creek (McCarter) trail	
Fish Creek Ferry	
Isaac Creek trail	
Trout Lake-Ferguson road    	
Nellie trail	
Canyon Creek trail and bridge	
Gainer Creek trail	
Tenderfoot Creek trail	
Fish Creek (Camborne to 20-Mile) trail	
Hall's Landing road	
Fish Creek road     .
Nettie L road	
Gold Hill trail  	
Snow Creek trail	
Laforme to Carnes Creek trail	
McCulloch Creek trail	
Burton City road	
General roads	
Triune trail	
Beatrice trail	
Columbia River road	
American trail	
Pingston and Mount Balder trail	
Sable Creek trail 	
South Fork trail	
Great Northern trail     	
Menhenick Creek trail	
Haskins Point to Silver Crown trail	
Nakusp to Hot Springs trail	
Silver Creek trail	
Moose Creek trail   	
Johnson Basin trail    	
North Fork trail	
Trout Creek trail	
Empire trail	
Illecillewaet to Canyon trail	
ii River bridge	
Jumbo trail	
Goat Creek trail	
Josephine trail	
Bunker Hill trail	
Mineral Creek trail 	
Chieftain and Nellie Mac trails	
33
65
1,209
48
168
95
502
83
164
50
71
00
600
45
555
75
470
88
459
30
530
45
5
08
545
50
1,026
34
227
30
950
15
175
55
806
70
491
35
222
50
972
76
2,240
59
297
72
241
00
265
00
142
50
42
50
288
19
200
00
17
50
3,396
57
151
22
400
00
168
40
951
25
55
00
50
00
200
00
100
00
182
00
17
50
351
20
514
27
150
00
109
00
147
00
16
25
69
25
591
02
99
25
350
16
75
00
375
00
Carried forward     30,628 15 F 156
Public Works Report.
1903
Brought forward $ 30,628  15
Vote 158.—West Kootenay (Revelstoke Riding).—
Concluded.
Thompson Landing to Camborne road  10 00
Silver Mountain trail  150 00
Promistoria trail     50 00
McDonald Creek trail  396 70
Goat Canyon trail  65  88
Cariboo Creek bridges       48 00
Healey Creek trail ,  761  00
Poplar Creek trail  200 00
Pool-Lexington trail  92  25
Sand Creek trail  303 00
Christie's trail  142 25
$ 32,847 23
Vote 159.—West Kootenay (Slocan Riding).
Lemon Creek (contribution) road  $3,000 00
Springer Creek        ..                 n       2,500 00
South Fork Kaslo Creek (extension) road  8,302 16
Bowser Creek (refund) trail  496 69
McGuigan (refund) road  Ill  50
Refund to Hewitt Mine Co  1,000 00
Silver Mountain road  1,498 80
Duncan River Main trail  779 80
Four-Mile Road and trail  1,341 40
New Denver-Three Forks road  395 35
Monitor road ,  297 00
Carpenter Creek bridge  93 50
Fauquier's Landing road  250 00
Ainsworth (south) road  260 55
10-Mile Creek road    996 95
McGuigan road  574 50
Kaslo-Bear Lake trail  55 00
General roads  73 40
Slocan River bridge  35 27
Silverton-4-Mile road  388 50
Ainsworth wharf  58  16
Carpenter Creek, North Fork road  244 25
Silverton-Galena Farm road -  212 40
Beaver trail  101  75
Great Britain trail  104 50
Coffee Creek trail  191 00
Woodbury Creek (South Fork) trail   98 90
Crawford Creek trail  498 35
Schroeder Creek trail  493  78
8 to 10-Mile Creek trail  105 00
Long Creek trail  60 00
Black Prince trail  193 80
Enterprise-Arlington trail  105 50
Lardo River trail  345 05
Woodbury Creek (North Fork) trail  253 60
Hammil Creek trail  521 45
Bear Lake and Silver King trail  149 85
Kokanee Creek trail  621  79
Carried forward   $26,809 50 3 Ed. 7                                 Statement of Expenditure. F 157
Brought forward , $26,809 50
Vote 159.—West Kootenay (Slogan Riding).—Concluded.
Bjerkness Creek trail  479  15
Bear Lake and Nonpareil trail  93 85
Wilson Creek bridge and trail  539 75
Two Friends trail  143 91
Bear Lake-McGuigan trail  16 00
Goat Mountain trail  18 00
Galena Farm road  65 00
Lemon Creek trail  1,043 75
Cascade Creek trail  499 40
Millford Creek trail  49 50
Sandon-Reco Mine trail  150 00
Three Forks-Sandon-Cody road    449 50
Smuggler Mine trail    555 45
Fry Creek trail  1,500 05
Springer Creek road  53 50
True Blue Mine trail  100 00
L. H. trail    498 95
Crawford Creek road  500 00
Sixth South Fork Lemon Creek trail  250 00
Blue Bird Mine road  300 00
New Denver-Silverton road  42 00
Cooper Creek bridge and road  60 00
Lavina-Butte trail  500 00
New Denver-Silver Mountain road  115 73
Kaslo and South Fork road   73 85
Molly Gibson road  155 75
Lemon Creek road bridges  66 20
Cody Creek trail  24 00
$35,252 79
Vote 160.—West Kootenay (Nelson Riding).
Molly-Gibson (contribution) road  $1,500 00
Granite road  2,000 00
Sanca to White Grouse road  303  64
Hall Creek trail  867 95
Refund Bunker Hill Mining Company  500 00
9-Mile Creek road  1,500 00
Nelson to Bird Creek trail  558 50
Creston to Rykert's road  538 10
North Fork Wild Horse Creek road  324 30
Goat River trail  845  25
Hidden Creek trail  402 14
La France Creek trail  401  72
Erie road  315 98
Whitewater Creek trail  191 60
Barrett Creek trail  77 00
Yellowstone road  1,167 80
Lost Creek trail  100 00
Creston to Alice Mine road  417 67
Roberts Ranch road      73 74
Nelson-49 Creek road  11,380 02
Ymir road  239 75
Wild Creek trail  6 95
Hall Mines road  252 67
Carried forward  $23,964 78 504
01
900
00
54
99
314
98
14
31
75
00
230
93
599
72
150
00
F 158                                     Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forward  $23,964 78
Vote 160.—West Kootenay (Nelson Riding).— Concluded.
Summit Creek trail	
Monarch Mine road	
Mountain Station to Nelson road	
Ymir bridge	
General roads	
Goyette bridge 	
Fairview roads ,	
Cottonwood Creek road	
Pend d'Oreille River road	
$26,809 72
Vote 161.—West Kootenay (Rossland Riding).
Norway Mountain road ,  $7,291  40
North Fork Kettle River bridge  3,048 68
Road and bank protection near bridge at Hardy's  249 40
North Fork Kettle River to Franklin Camp road  6,748 83
Trail to John Bull and other claims.     499 10
Eholt to Long Lake road    2,499 26
Greenwood-Copper Mountain road  1,101  28
Ingram's, Kettle River bridge  2,574 50
Midway and Rock Creek road      1,424 29
Cascade to Edwards' Ferry road  1,499 78
Phcenix to Summit City road  491  11
Trail streets   199 40
Eholt streets  251 60
Lower Murphy Creek trail      207 00
Eholt to B. C. Mine road  48 87
Eholt to Summit City road  140 00
Eholt to Greenwood road     101  87
Greenwood to Phoenix road      ... 34 83
Murphy-Gladstone trails   194 25
Cascade to Gladstone (including trail up Josh Creek) road  432 75
Grand Forks to Carson road  79 05
Greenwood to Ingram's road  386 29
Anaconda to Grand Forks road  120 02
General roads  42  35
Road near Fife Station  48 00
Long Lake to Greenwood road  99 00
Dewdney trail, including bridge at Sheep Creek  307 00
Greenwood-Grand Forks road     199 54
Greenwood-Kimberley road  100 43
Northport road  204 53
Trail-Rossland road  241  75
Grand Forks to White Camp road  137 76
North Fork Kettle River road  575 57
Grand Forks-Cascade road  405 79
Trail, upper end Christina Lake    . 125 00
Gladstone to Burnt Basin road  199 00
Red Mountain road      63  25
Upper Murphy trail  129 61
Sheep Lake to Lower Arrow Lake  23 80
Rossland-Gladstone trail      6 25
Tool House  213 00
Carried forward  $32,745  19 3 Ed. 7 Statement of Expenditure. F 159
Brought forward $32,745 19
Vote 161.—West Kootenay (Rossland Riding).—
Concluded.
Road up Sutherland Creek  50 00
Bridge at Midway  26 33
Bridges, Boundary Creek road  403 66
Road, Ethiopia Mine to Eholt-Long Lake road  100 00
Roads in Town of Midway  30 54
Cascade to Russell road  5 00
Eholt to Grand Forks road  2 75
Rock Creek to Meyers Creek road  20 75
$33,384 22
Vote 162.—Cassiar District.
Road, Kitimaat-Golden Crown Mines $ 1,500 00
ii      Kitsilas Canyon to Ptarmigan Group       4,000 00
ii      Princess Royal Island         3,560 89
ii     round Kitsilas Canyon       2,000 00
Trail, Hazelton-Manson          2,621 11
Roads, etc., Coast Division       3,577 94
ii Atlin and Bennett Lake Division       7,368 55
Chilkat Mining „              3,419 70
Telegraph Creek „         603 80
" Bella Coola „              6,798 05
$35,450 04
Vote 163.—Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
Sections 1 and 2 $ 1,406 05
ii       3   i,    4     10,660 89
5   „    6     17,597 55
$29,664 49
Vote 164.—Bridges (General renewals and repairs).
Comox District $ 1,378 63
Gorge, South  Victoria  District  120 00
Sumas River, Alberni n          571 00
General, „ „         40 28
Koksilah River, Cowichan        2,465 21
Port Renfrew Division, Esquimalt n         25 00
Tulameen River, West Yale ,>         178 20
Fulford Harbour, North Victoria        n  56 37
General, Revelstoke Riding       2,248 10
W. F. Kettle River,       Yale, East „         69 25
Okanagan River, n u          746 52
Kamloops, Yale, North n              1,169 36
Brewer's, North-East Kootenay            1,124 83
General, throughout the Province  133 50
3,326 25
Vote 165.—Wharves (Renewals and Repairs).
Gibson's Landing  $    32 85
Vesuvius Bay  106 76
Galiano Island  50 00
Hornby     ,,        36 87
Carried forward  $ 226 48 F 160                                       Public Works Report. 1903
Brought forward  $ 226 48
Vote 165.—Wharves (Renewals and Repairs).—Concluded.
Comox  627 52
Cowichan Bay    510 71
South Pender Island  207 12
North Saanich  825 07
Lund  365 34
Gabriola Island    186 87
Alberni  50 60
Port Kusam  134 44
Thurlow Island  368 01
Texada        „       337 08
Burgoyne Bay  46 00
Fernwood  60 00
Hernando Island  75 00
Pile driver  1,050 00
$5,070 24
Vote 179.—Contingencies.
Springer Creek road $ 1 000 00
Bridges—North Arm Fraser River, at Eburne, (including ferry scow,
removal old bridges, etc.)     71,713 11
Roads, Streets and Bridges—Yale (West Riding) ,  2,315 19
ii                     ii                 —Cariboo District  1,115 85
ii                     ii                 —East Kootenay (South Division)  1,022 55
Refund, 10-Mile Creek trail (Slocan Riding)  200 00
Bridge at Brewer's (East Kootenay, North Division)  105 11
Phoenix-Summit City road (Rossland Riding)  130 71
Fish River road (Revelstoke Riding)  5,350 00
Road machinery (Yale, East Riding)  621 30
Rambler-Cariboo road (Slocan Riding)  1,500 00
Chimney Creek bridge and approaches  5,890 51
Keremeos-Fish Lake road (East Yale)  .     1,285 75
Penticton-20-Mile Creek road (East Yale)  1,500 00
Bridges at Eburne and Chimney Creek  1,833 33
Bridge at Columbia  1,500 00
New Westminster-Ladner road  7,550 00
Powder Magazine at Vernon  248 66
Bridges (professional services)  1,357 55
$106,239 62 3 Ed. 7 Bridges. F 161
BRIDGES.
Fraser River Bridge, New Westminster, B.C.
The only work done, at the site of the above bridge, previous to the 1st of July, 1902,
was the construction of the contractors' camp, and arranging the necessary plant and materials
for use in the substructure. During this period a portion of the steel work for the superstructure has been manufactured at the Dominion Bridge Company's works, Lachine, Quebec.
Eburne Bridges, North Arm Fraser River.
These bridges, which are referred to on page 684 of the Public Works Report, 1902, were
completed in a most satisfactory manner, the whole of the work having been erected by
Messrs. McLean Brothers, of Vancouver, B.C. The steel swings were furnished by the
Canadian Bridge Co., of Walkerville, Ontario, and rest on stone and concrete pivot piers,
which are protected by draw rests.
Koksilah River Bridge, Cowichan District.
This bridge, referred to in the Public Works Report of 1902, was swept away by the big
flood of the 16th February, 1902. This flood caused a log jam to form above the bridge,
which breaking loose carried away the centre pier. The bridge was replaced by a 120-foot
Howe truss span, which was erected by Wm. Rockett, by day labour, from drawings prepared
in this office. This bridge was treated with three coats of Carbolite Carbolineum, a wood
preservative, which will undoubtedly add to the life of the structure.    See Schedule "A."
Carpenter Creek Bridge, New Denver, B.C.
Plans and specifications were prepared in this office for a new bridge to be built on the
site of the old structure. Tenders were called for and the contract let to W. C. E. Koch. At
present under construction.
Cayoosh Creek Bridge.
This bridge was built to replace the old one on the same site, and consists of one truss
span 86 feet long, resting on crib abutments securely bolted and filled with rock. These abutments are protected by wing cribs. There is one approach, 30 feet long ; the total length of
bridge being 140 feet over all.
Harrigan's Bridge, Comox District.
This bridge crosses a small creek on the Harrigan and Fraser Road, one mile from the
beach. The old bridge being rotten and giving insufficient clearance during floods, was removed
and a new bridge substituted, which gives 4 feet more clearance from high water to the underside of the stringers. The bridge, as built, is 42 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 10 feet high,
resting on cedar posts and mud-sills; two bents, with 4 posts and 4 stringers to each bent.
The abutments of the bridge are wooden cribs filled with rock.
Black Creek Bridge.
This bridge, which replaces the old one, crosses Black Creek on the Oyster River and
Black Creek Road, about three miles from Salmond's. It is 100 feet long, 14 feet wide and
10 feet high, and is composed of 3 bents, 4 posts each, properly sway-braced. The posts are
of red fir, resting on cedar sills; the stringers are of red fir, hewn, 14 inches; corbels are 4
feet long; hand and centre rail in place; the floor is 3 inches by 12 inches by 14 feet, sawn
lumber. F 162 Public Works Report. 1903
Rennison's Bridge.
This bridge crosses Portugee Creek, three miles from Courtenay, on the Lower Prairie
Main Road, and replaces the old bridge, which was in a dangerous condition. It is a pile-
bent bridge, 132 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 12 feet high, composed of 6 bents, about 28 feet
centres, 4 piles to each bent. Three of these bents are of piles and three of posts, resting on
mud-sills, which are 10 inches deep by 5 feet long; 4 corbels and stringers to each bent, which,
with the caps, are of sawn lumber. The wheel-guards and hand-rails are new, but the old
planking was used on the floor; this will shortly have to be replaced by new.
Tightened up the truss rods in the following bridges :—
Courtenay River bridge, length of span, 162 feet.
Rees bridge, ii n       75    n
Trent River bridge, M n       70    n
Tsable River bridge, n h     104    n
The two first bridges, Courtenay and Rees, were treated with Carbolite Carbolineum, a
wood preservative, which will undoubtedly increase the durability of the timbers.
Fraser River Bridge (West Riding of Lillooet).
Repaired the approaches to the 3-hinged combination arch span, the mud-sills and timbers
in bents being rotten. Ten inches were cut off the ends of the supports, and rock piers were
substituted for mud-sills.
Bridge River Bridge (West Riding of Lillooet).
Reinforced pile bents by putting on waling pieces and guarding against drift timber.
Built crib and made general repairs.
Moodyville and Lynn Creek  Bridges.
Built bridge across Moodyville Creek, 164 feet long, 10 feet wide, comprising 8 spans of
18 feet and 1 span of 20 feet, resting on bents bedded into gravel; posts, caps and batter
posts, 6 inches by 8 inches; three runs of stringers, 4 inches by 10 inches; flooring, 3 inches
by 12 inches.
Built 1 truss bridge across Lynn Creek, 80-foot span, resting on cribbed abutments of
sawn cedar, laid close, well tied and drift-bolted, and bedded 4 feet below the bottom of the
stream, and rising 13 feet above the level of the banks; 14 feet long and 8 feet wide; filled
with rock and gravel 3 feet above the level of the banks. Two lower chords have members
4 by 12 inches, framed to 10 inches, and clamped, keyed and bolted; upper chords, 6 by 8
inches; braces, 6 by 8 inches, 6 by 6 inches, and 6 by 4 inches, butting on wooden angle
blocks; tension rods, 1^ and 1^ inches diameter; upper and lower lateral braces, 4 by 6
inches; floor joists, 3 by 8 inches and 4 by 8 inches; flooring, 3 by 12 inches; width
from out to out, 10 feet; rise, 12 feet. This is a 4-panel truss. The whole of the work
thoroughly bolted and spiked. Built 2 approaches, 40 feet each; 3 runs of stringers, 4 by 10
inches, resting on bents and mud-sills; flooring, 3 by 12 inches, 2 by 12 feet fir plank ;
hand-rails, 4 inches by 4 inches. 3 Ed. 7
Bridges.
F 163
GO
I
O
S
2
0
O
X)
<
1)
+3
US
w
a
J
s
D
Q
W
0
0
Tl
X
d
0
CO
(f)
(/J
(fl
a)
0
ill
IB
o
S-,
-p
(fl
fl
0
o
(fl
<D
'£
ffl
«
'B Ph
cc    ~
ft03
fa
G a)
.fltf
»fal
ft
o
Q
►^S
g"S
■s o.2
(Zi
o
D
(3
23
3   m   O
s|o
jim bp ©
cS   cl   E-i
£tf g^
03
Mm
3 ^ °
o
o
tf
fa
O
2-a .a
cS
P
S    E
c-a
o 0
O ft
a
rt
ft
I   : I
.OOOOO
ID IC t~- IO IO (M
jV t> <N 00 00 to
fa      01 CO CO —
o
o
?M    I   IO
CQ    C
I   w
Iftggl
ft « £L ft 2
m H-t tn rn
o>  rt„  t*>~,
o £ oj .a o
J ft K & *
ffl  »(fl  tciC
W  H ^  H IQ
mm"
C C
rt rt
ft ft
CQ 03
1M 00
ft
60
tf
"3* k£-o
^|tftf
>1
(H    CO
01       ^
3
£0
s 1
s. be
Wtf tf
tf
o
o
S a
fa
tf
tf
tf
60
Q
w   o F 164 Public Works Report. 1903
WHARVES.
Metlakahtla.
A public wharf has been constructed at this place. The approach is 500 feet long, 14
wide, with a hand-rail on either side. The T head is 100 by 35 feet. The whole is built on
piles and well sway-braced.
Comox  Wharf.
Situated in Comox harbour ; is the main outlet for all the settlers in Comox Valley.
The total length is over 1,000 feet, and it runs out over a long, shallow flat. At low tide
there is a depth of 14 feet at the head. The piles require renewal every three years, owing to
the ravages of teredos.
Drove new piles under 24 bents and replaced broken piles under 14 bents, using 102 piles
in making these repairs.    Sway-braced 24 bents and put in 6 new stringers.
Drove 3 new piles in each bent for 10 bents ; sway-braced and drift-bolted same. Drove
a bunch of 3 fender piles at the south-east corner of the wharf, and secured the same with
galvanised iron wire; also repaired the slip.
Lund Wharf.
Situated at Lund, on the Mainland, opposite Savary Island. The wharf, which consists
of a T head and approach, is 200 feet long.    Rocky bottom ; difficult to drive piles.
Removed 19 old piles; drove 33 new piles and braced same; replaced the old stringers
with new ones and built a new slip.
Floating Wharf at Port Kusam.
Situated near the mouth of Salmon River. Repaired the old float which had been washed
ashore and destroyed by storms.
Floating Wharf at Shoal Bay, Thurlow Island.
This wharf consists of a floating section, connected to the shore by a pile and floating
approach.    This was completely destroyed by the storm of January 7th, 1902.
Drove 50 new piles. Put in new caps, stringers and flooring on the standing approach ;
replaced the old floating approach and put in 10 new cedar logs, averaging 2 feet in diameter.
The sections are connected by |-inch iron link chains; 2 anchor chains in centre hold them in
place. The float, with the warehouse at the outside, is 50 by 24 feet, built of cedar logs 3
feet in diameter and planked with l|-inch lumber. The warehouse is 12 by 16 feet. Ninety
feet of 1-inch chain and a 1,200 lb. anchor is used to hold the float in place.
Hernando Island Wharf.
A new floating wharf is to be built here, the old one being too rotten to stand repair.
Other Public Wharves on Vancouver Island.
Valdez Island—Pile wharf on East Coast at Quathiaska Cove. Wharf on West Coast at
Heriot Bay.
Read Island—Pile wharf at Burdwood Bay.
Cortez Island—Pile wharf at Manson's.
Hornby Island—Pile wharf at Goose Spit.    Wharf at Ford's Cove.
Denman Island—Pile wharf on west shore.
Texada Island—Pile wharf on West Coast, near iron mine.
Gabriola Island—Wharf on west shore.
Kuper Island wharf—Drove 70 new piles and replaced 12 stringers; also renewed 400
feet of plank. 3 Ed. 7 Wharves. F 165
Salt Spring Island : Wharf at Vesuvius Bay—Twelve new piles were driven and general
repairs made on this wharf. Burgoyne Bay wharf—Drove 4 fender piles and 2 brace piles,
and replaced one stringer. Wharves at Fernwood, Ganges, and Fulford Harbours, on east
side.
Galiano Island—Wharf at Sturdy's, south-east end of island. Four fender piles and 2
brace piles were renewed in this wharf.
Mayne Island—Wharf on Plumper's Pass, north side of island.
Pender Island—Three wharves on Pender Island : One on north side, at Glimmer's.
One on west side. One at south end, called South Pender Wharf; 55 new piles were driven
in this wharf and general repairs made.
Saturna Island—One wharf at south-west end of island.
North Saanich—Wharf at Shoal Bay, 2 miles north of Sidney, 60 by 30 feet, with
approach.
Wharf on Sooke harbour, 1 mile south of the mouth of Sooke River.
Wharf at head of Alberni Canal.    One new wharf, 2 miles down canal, at New Alberni.
Wharf on south side of Cowichan Bay, 6 miles from Duncan and 4 from Cowichan
Station.
Public Wharf at Gibson's Landing (Howe Sound).
Built wharf, 30 feet by 79 feet, with storehouse and slip, supported by 3 rows of piles ;
caps, 12 inches by 12 inches, sawn cedar ; joists, 4 inches by 12 inches ; flooring, 3 inches by 12
inches, fir plank; pile braces 4 inches by 8 inches and 4 inches by 12 inches; 275 feet of
approach, 16 feet wide, resting on pile bents, capped with 10-inch by 12-inch timber; 5 runs
of cedar stringers, 6 inches by 12 inches; flooring, 3 inches by 12 inches, fir plank ; hand-rail,
4 inches by 4 inches; guard-rails of wharf and approach, 6 inches by 8 inches. Storehouse
17 feet by 20 feet, built of 4-inch by 4-inch studding; 1-inch by 12-inch boards, battened ;
shingled roof. F 166
Public Works Report.
1903
TENDERS    RECEIVED   AND   CONTRACTS   AWARDED,
JULY   1st,   1901,   TO   JUNE   SOth,   1902.
Schools.
Work and Tenderers.
Duncans.—Addition (25 children) :
W. Ford   	
Deadwood.—1 room (30 children) :
Hugh A. Hatfield	
Graham & Thompson	
Bunting & Dempsey	
Morris Valley.—1 room (30 children
W. J. Footer	
P. McGrath	
Anaconda.—1 room (50 children) :
F. F. Travis	
Mark Kay	
Bunting & Dempsey	
Golden.—1 room (50 children) :
J. Henderson	
Enderby.—2 rooms (80 children) :
T. E. Crowell	
Armstrong.—3 rooms :
T. E.  Crowell	
H. W. Ravmer	
C. J. Pipe'r	
Moyie.—Addition (40 children):
A. Stephenson .	
D. J. Johnson	
G. R. Leask	
Cheam.—1 room (30 children) :
M. Stevenson	
W. J. Footer	
P. McGrath	
Alexandria.—Addition (30 children) :
D. Nicholson	
New Denver.—1 room (40 children) :
M. McLean	
A. Wallace	
P. Rowe  	
D. J.  McLachlan	
Barnet.—1 room (30 children) :
W. W. Forrester	
C. J. Piper	
C. P. Shindler	
Billings & Melvin	
R. H. Smith	
H. A. Ball	
C. F. Perry	
Amocnt.
$ 768 00
1,300 00
1,350 00
1,395 00
860 00
925 00
1,100 00
1,378 00
1,478 00
2,175 00
2,810 00
7,897 00
8.000 00
9,508 00
1,474 00
1,735 00
1,895 00
570 00
590 00
049 50
642 00
1,270 00
1,310 00
1,496 00
1,850 00
735 00
942 00
990 00
1,000 00
1,075 00
1,090 00
1,404 00
Remarks.
Awarded (completed).
Time expired.
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Not in order.
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Time expired.
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed). 3 Ed. 7
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded.
F 167
Schools.—Concluded.
Work and Tenderers.
Ladysmith.—2 storey :
I building
J. McDonald   1 heating
(omissions
D. Nicholson   building
(building
Jas. Auld   -j heating
[ omissions
(building
E. Cook 4 heating
{omissions
E. Rolston heating
H. Cooley       »
J. McDonald	
D. Nicholson	
North Arm.—2 rooms :
W. W. Forrester.
F. A. Dissette	
H. A. Ball	
C. P. Shindler ...
C. J. Piper	
Billings & Melvin
Coal Creek, Fernie.—1 room (40 children):
Kerr & White	
F. W. Wheatcroft	
G. Cody	
Desks :
Clarke & Stewart. .
B. C. Furniture Co.
Weiler Bros	
M. P. Morris	
Pope Stationey Co.
Amount.
10,680 00
850 00
1,400 00
10,900 00
11,000 00
850 00
1,400 00
18,200 00
900 00
1,926 00
590 00
1,250 00
9,176 00
9.300 00
1,979 00
2,697 00
2,790 00
2,950 00
3,241 00
8,000 00
1,375 00
1,525 00
2,250 00
2,860 00
2,852 50
2,945 90
Remarks.
Not awarded.
2nd call for tenders.
Awarded (in progress).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (work in progress).
Awarded (completed).
Not in order.
Government Buildings.
Government Office, Alberni :
945 00
1,073 00
44,764 50
47,500 00
49,390 00
54,458 00
57,432 00
Withdrawn.
Geo. Forrest	
Government House, Victoria:
R. Drake	
J. Coughlan	
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (in progress).
Victoria Brick Company,
Ltd	
Waggon Roads.
Norway Mountain Waggon Road:
H. W. C. Jackson	
John Dunlop	
H. A. Hatfield	
McBeath & Bell (per mile)
New Westminster-Ladnek Road :
J. W. Pike	
7,000 00
8,400 00
8,750 00
1,270 00
7,550 00
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed). F 168
Public Works Report.
1903
Lock-ups, etc.
Work and Tenderers.
Van Anda Lock-up :
G. H. Frost.
J. Auld	
J. May	
Reformatory, Vancouver.—Clearing 23 acres :
D. Becker	
Elkins & McPherson	
A. K. H. Macfarlane	
Reformatory, Vancouver.—Clearing site :
C. J. Piper	
Elkins & Macpherson	
Boyd & Glendenning	
A. K. H. Macfarlane	
W. McCraney	
W. Rannie 	
Princeton Lock-up :
C. W. Johnson. ..
W. Irving	
VV. S. Wilson....
W. H. Thomas...
M. Cruickshanks.
J. W. Murchison.
W. J. Lawrence..
Penticton Lock-up :
M. J. Curtis	
H. W. Raymer	
Vernon Gaol :
T-E. Crowell {^*
W. M. Ross     wood
Johnson & Co., Ltd -! ■   . ,
John Highman (new site) \ ^°°k
 «"e>{blk
»• H.Campbell {™*
Purchase of Stables, Oak Bay Park :
T. Ash	
M. Finnerty	
J. E. Phillips	
W. Gregson	
A. H. Harman	
Amount.
595 75
919 00
966 00
3,450 00
4,800 00
5,500 00
3,300 00
5,482 00
7,850 00
8,150 00
9,100 00
9,834 00
495 00
550 00
650 00
665 00
670 00
690 00
714 00
395 00
500 00
14,947 28
10,750 00
11,500 00
14,900 00
18,500 00
16,250 00
18,260 00
15,550 00
17,560 00
18,400 00
21,800 00
45 00
35 00
35 00
30 00
20 00
Remarks.
Awarded (completed).
Not awarded.
Not in order.
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed)
Awarded (completed).
No tender accepted.
Bridges.
Iron-work, Bridge, Bella Coola River :
Ross&Howard feast-iron
[ wrought-iron
Albion Iron Works /east-iron
^wrought-iron
Vancouver Engineering Works i oas "lr,°!1 •
a B |_wrought-iron
Steele Draw Spans for Eburne Bridges :
The Canadian Bridge Company	
The Midland Bridge Company	
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (completed) 3 Ed. 7
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded.
F 169
Bridges.—Concluded.
Work and Tenderers.
Steel Draw Spans for Eburne Bridges—Concluded:
Vancouver City Iron Works    	
W. N.  O'Neil & Company	
Albion Iron Works    	
The King Bridge Company	
Bridges, North Arm Fraser River (at Eburne) :
D. F. Adams	
McLean Bros	
Ironside, Rannie & Campbell    	
Bridge, Kettle River, at Ingram's (West Kootenay, Rossland
Riding):
Lequime & Powers	
E. Disney	
T. J. McAlpin	
Bunting & Dempsey 	
Amount.
11...
6 38/100 c.
6 39/100    ,i
12
$6,950 00
9,500 00
11,500 00
14,858 00
2,575 00
3,200 00
3,850 00
4,100 00
Remarks.
Not in order.
Awarded (completed).
Awarded (in progress). F 170
Public Works Report.
1903
X
w
h
m
Z
w
h
w
>
l-H
w
<1
[if
0
Q
l-H
cr;
CQ
A
q
H
T3  O
t-t rr
te  60<2
2 S S
g^s
o
0
fl
010
0 0
0
0
0
0
IQ CO
00
Tf
CM
0
0
fM O
cs to
ft_,
CO
_,
CM CM
A
۩
0
S
0
PQ
O lO
0 0
0
0
0
0
O I-
IO 10
10
0
0
CO
fl
Tf CM
Tf O
^
+-»
CM CM
0
O
CD
0 >o
O IO
0
0
LO
O
CM CO
CS CO
Tf
0
0
CO
§«*
t>
Otto
00 10
■*
CM
Hh
P5
«•
M«e
?g
-3.2
t-
0 0
0 0
|Q
0
0
0
O
00
CS to
0 0
CO _
CM
0
OS
0
CS
0
£  ^
S.S
pq
»
<jS
a
LO IO
0 10
10
c6
QO -*
OS CS
CO
0
0
ffl
Tf CM
CO CO
0
CS
-
G
se
EQ      „_r-
S1^
w o rf
g^-°
a
0)
&
„
"-*
*  eg
"   ^HrQ
• ""^ "E
• 0 0
-H    O
■ 0 a
X 0
£~
.5 0
4-
pQ
s  •■«
ft
.2   tn  a>
ZZ     'rr
I JJ   rt
-a
ft
C  ci
_5 5 0 ~ £ ft.
to
B
c rt
Mi—1   P-t   o _M
15 s
O -
SPiZi
P a
s g .g   «| s
0
o
o
o>  CD
jrt   60
E^-a
03
.M
3  B.g
ca
* 2 a
S    rt      -
pa
3    O    rf
£QO
O
CO
OO CS 0
0
OO r-H O
E^ 0
010      O
«g°
c^
b- CM        O
O
CO
,_,
OOOO
0 0 01 0
<U    CO
O
00     0
-* CO       0
vgffl
Th
CO
S
CD
m-
6
tn
O  O  Tf  O
utjQ
O  IO  r-H  O
a3a
3°
ooco      O
■* "H        O
CD
ffl
a»
The American Bridge
Co.
03
OOOO
0 O CO 0
*
O OO        0
CDCM        O
IO
CM
0 0 ta to
c
-S
O O Tf 0
-^ 0
CO 10      0
-e £
s
CO CM        O
6m
CO
rt
rt   c;
0 0 cs 0
a ao .
O
O IO CM O
Tf CO         O
CC CM        O
,3 ffl
۩
O
CO
-
0   r
•So   ■
rr  CJ H-3
GQ
OOOO
O
O  bo'g
3°
Ptj b
h
lO CM        LO
^W^
CM
H
fl
O
tfd.S
ft
O        ^
^3 -P   E-i
0
ft
CO *M    CD
£3   :
0
0) .Jl!
CD
ft :
©
H  m
3
0
s-<
0
-P
O
13  g
3
&
0
0
a
CO
0
Ph
03
03  >a
^  g
0
rt
tn  C
rt  0
EM
H
ft
CC
a 60
ca 0
B   0
5 sa ?
cCJ   rt   ri 4_j
r^   -5   -JZ     &D
:/}
d
cn  S -d
^     CPr^H   r^J
fl
15
^ 0
fl 2 S d
ft ® °
to*"   93       «  M
>>
■S   OS
ftp;
O   .     H>   <U   <D
O .fl    CJ      „  jj
Q>
-2S
T!  P
*>3 ■& s i1
1>
^^s.S ft"
2 S t. B c
ce
0)
"i
ft
E
3   j 3 Ed. 7 Timber Inspector's Report. F 171
TIMBER   INSPECTOR'S   REPORT.
 o	
Vancouvbe, B. C, 31st December, 1902.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B. C.
Sir,—I have the honour to hand you the accompanying statement of timber cut in the
Province of British Columbia and the amount of revenue derived therefrom.
It has not been possible to obtain statements of the timber cut on Dominion Lands, and
only' partly of that cut on the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway lands, but as no royalty is
payable to the Province in respect of such timber the revenue is not thereby affected.
There has been cut upon Crown lands in timber    171,105,340 feet.
ii ii in cordwood      16,565,760    n
n leaseholds in timber      56,368,662    n
244,039,762    „
Yielding in royalty the sum of .....    1122,024 88
There has been cut on private property      7,683,059 feet.
E. & N. Ry. lands (so far as reported). .   30,223,045    „
On which no royalty is payable      37,906,104    n
The amount allowed for rebate on shingles exported is          11,146 43
The net royalty is therefore      110,878 45
To which has to be added—
For timber licences, special $57,590 00
ii hand-loggers      1,900 00
 59,490 00
For rentals of leaseholds         44,906 80
Total revenue derived from timber sources     $215,275  25
Respectfully submitted,
R. J. SKINNER,
Timber Inspector. F 172
Public Works Report.
1903
00
CO                                                                                                     X
CD
>>
X
o                                                           o
OS
M
CO                                                                                                     I—
CO
in
55
t-                                                                                        OS
-tf                                                                               Os
OJ
X
rt
O                                                                                        OJ
CO
"o
8*5
os
o g o
CO
O^
9»
CO
(M                                                                                         X
CO
>j
00
X                                                                                         O
CS
"ri
CO
r-l                                                                                        I-
CO
rH                                                                                                     O
O
00
iO                                                                                                     CS^
X
tf
so
ri                                                                                        Ol"
<^
CO
■Q
■  >»
00
fc W^
m
^l»
. Sea
CO
wrt
<M
Q                                                                                                     Ol
J3&
OD                                                                                         OS
I-                                                                                                     00
E
S £
oT                                                          os"
o
.5 a
-*                                                                                         X
r-i                                                                                         tH
of
H
Cm
D
O                                                                                                     Ol
X                                                                                                     CD
0
oi
a> oi
Ss.
s
to-rt
CO                                                                                                     th"
S
v o
s                            i
th
H
tJ,c|
00                                                                                                     UO
o
o
©
CO
C  as*
O   H
o
8"
CO
CO
t-
tiT
o
1-1
A
HH
H
ifi
OOOO
OOmo
IQ iCS O
■nOOOOOOOOifl'OOOOOOiCSOOOOOOOOOOCOO
(DOOtOriXr(OlO'OC0 01COOr-lO]Ol>OOOOXOCOX'flOO
c
0 0
--3
51 O in O
o cs cc ■*
CS ■«# i-f
IT
ot-
-U
US t* Ttf CJ
HOMO
HtOrt
HLSTiilMinOtC0C00[lOHH©O^HOWSiiOOW!0iO'1'N(0C0
CC
1^ X
d
CD O X CD
— J>t—;o
•fHt-
t^O!DXXC;--f-CO-t-fOO>w-  - C: -r -~  ~   '■.''-■ ; O it, H t n tT. IM f
TJ
i-h m
QJ
00 t-t
CO
Ol                                           rlMHCQCOHt-MM        H                                           COUSt— -HO".
Gv
t—t
8
*&       rH
ri       C-f
h
<^
|
CM O iO O
OXN"*
OS Ol OJ
MOOOHOMQCriM'tOOOHiSOt-OOOOXOMCO'fOO
CO UO Tfl Ol '-". C. -X O :0 i- H M H O O * W O K. O f GO C (M «i W ^ N <C CC
IT
0 t—
■O tH Tt- Ot
(NH(CO
COO-] CO
CC
x-~ X
=00X0
OI ■* *# cd
X CO tP
Tf O CD X X OS X CO CD CS X O OJ CD CO O^CO X CO CS XCOirSuOrHTjirHOSOjTf
Tt
rH urs
H
CO
<
3
00*1-7
edVTr-T
©iri*
i-Tof                     i-^       r-"ricO oicD X'ritico'j^i       ri              ri                     COUOt-Trios"
iH        (M
0-
'
d       ai
P3
H
n
1 = 1
H     lx
■HO!-*!-!
^H ,-i^ ^
r-l—1 r-l
rHrHr-lr-IOrHTHi-lr-lr-'r-trHfHr-<r-lrHr-l — I-l HH-lOrt OH H HHH
tf
WCONIM
!M OJ O1 OJ
IMfNfl
0JtMGslOJC00J0JM0JOJ0JOJOlOlO10;10J0''CN0-lO]Oli-i01rHOlO]0JO]Ol
5
OJ Ol
OS rH OJ fM
CO I-- 'X o
*»t- X
OOOJHMINHHHnHHHHHHH'MNiMIMiMiOO-'HIMmMHIM
CO        CS Ol
W
H
O0 Cl O O
co oo oo oo
X CO X
XXOCiCSOOOOOOOOOO<00<0000'XC;C;C;C;CSCTJOO
ffi        0O Ci
co oo cs ca
oo oo co co
co oo co
□O iJO CO CO CO Ci CS Cs  ~-  ~   ~   —   rs  Cs  ~   ~.  cs   cs  ~   c: cs   fj   rj,  /j 7,  J! OD a) a ffi
co 00
I-H tH rH >-H
CQ
OS
,fl    --£
j= j=" - „         - - .. - r-a    J5              «a_r_r   _r
ffgoO
u © o    »
r-rruooi   .   "Tii   • _.   ■ 1,1.0   :o   ' r^ 0 o".-   *"— t"  " r
fc   •« e
g
fi
rt p « y
gg4
■<3     O^
1 1
A «5fl
j3j= x;^:
iix;j=
j=x!^Ji^^x:^Xj=:^:xi'Sj3'^j:42^j2j:xij=^:+=^j=-wrai:^
*3           JS-C
h
■«  [0*   I"
-fc= +3 53
OS i—1 iO CO
iQoSl-
OOt-
OJ>OiC*iOOCOl- CDOONN!SJ'«®CONIO>-0,jOOHH10ihM(CiO
rH        i-^ IO
r-i        tM 00
t—1                  CIHHH                          rH  —1          OJ Ol  —<          t-<                  OIt-H^H                  O1                  i—'OJ
o
O
o
00                                                                 00
0
'X^ioti
It)Q      S
o
o
o
o
©
00                                                                       00
00                                                                 00
0
o_
Af8
a      £
irs
©
t*
ia             0"                                                                0"                        0"
O                 10                                                                                       tji                                 Ci
0
LO
jj
^
09
-     t;
H           *>
5S
c
0         .2
3^5
3    5
i
6
o
eS
o
a
q
ei
f   1                  1
0                                                                           E
c
rt
1
1
O
a
0
.52
'£
u
cS
w
^"
rn"
ri
ri                     ri                                                                                                               ri                                          r^
ri
0
0
c
2
O
O
H
fcc
=3
a
b
•3
Q>
c
e«
o
O
o
a                                                                            c
c
3
o
O
c
o
it)
11 Mills,
Timbe
1
s
'§
s
'3
3                                                                 -3
fc
£
5
03
i Coluni
rd Mill
Boyd.
j
P
O
ta
s
■=                                                                            n
c
OT
c
D
tr
>
C
p2
i
S
■
c
fc
fc
£
- 3 Ed. 7
Timber Statistics.
F 173
O
©
o
>rs
5,815 02
493 12
Ci
o
o
:                                                          1 os
!
CO
°-
ri
8
O
5,815 02
493 12
00
X
■*h
Th
co~
-h
OJ
X
■                     ^1
CS
o
tj-
a?
i—
00*"
o
o
o
8
eo
©
Th
'.                         co"
-rh
00
OS
©
CO
Tji
X
•j
©
©
to*
o
o
o
©
o
CO
o                       o
o                3
©                         «
CO                                    X
cc                     c-
©
o
*i
rh
X
3,062 20
529 60
1,379 70
136 00
1,169 00
5,349 15
192 00
425 10
802 95
415 60
41 00
412 80
386 70
111 70
oo
o o
O 00
00 Ol
r-t^Ot
1,015 00
480 00
916 90
369 60
544 50
vcc O O
IO   IQ   -*
0-1 to CO
cor- CD
40 30
120 00
100 00
SO 80
126 50
30 00
62 10
688 00
158 30
OlCOt-OOTHOrHCO
ri — rr. c: o-. — oi ." ,~
wtM 1^ tr, -- ^ cc 01 co
~' i o~ rf r-T r* o" -n" ii" irf
CO       rM       rH CO
8,312
410
4,128
3,867
1,117
o o
O 00
to m
CO~o"
10,150
4,800
9,169
3,696
5,445
CO iC n
iO VJ CO
■jt t~ o
403
1,200
1,000
308
1,265
300
621
6,880
1,583
ooxxci©j>ococsOrHcox*n-*coox©
X O © CO X  >, I- Ol CO -+ Cl ~. '/, >.- © iO  Th CO t— Th
Th OJ r-t t~ r-i Ol Ol ©  O Ol >o CO Ol CO -# IO. l— CO i—I i—I
rH i-H tH rH —1
OJ Ol OJ OJ Ol
Ol OJ
CO rH OO O
Ol OJ CO CO CO
I-H rH O
OJ OJ CO
1902
1902
1902
1902
1902
Ol OJ
o©
Ci CS
1902
1902
1891
1891
1892
XOOl
■■/:■ — —
XXX
March,
Aug-.,
Jan.,
April,
March,
May,
Feb.,
April,
April,
Jan.,
cj o   :
E   U   -f
rt  rt  p
16th
22nd
25th
1st
16th
CO o
13th
Srd
1st
1st
25th
■555
CD X O
rH rH Ol
- OJ OJ OJ OJ Ol OJ O-l OJ Ol Ol M OJ OJ OJ OJ OJ Ol OJ OJ
CO CO CO CO
O Ci Ci o
X X X X
rt       rt <u rt s
X        r-l IO X rH
^
5    ffi
rt
B    •§
c F 174
Public Works Report.
1903
S5
r-
^1
^
ta
_
tfl
©
©
to
a
O
«
a
<D rt
!S
T*l
CQ
t^
CD
CO
Tj
*
a
ta
OC
iO
[Zi £>
55
^
0
X
0
©
rt
i>
1—1
rH
«
01
mid
£
X
•*
_g       u «
OS
CO
0
5 fl***H
t-
T*
X
•SSc o
t~
CO
c
cr.
**
•"*"
X
m
X
w
IT
iT
cc
«
00
i—
X
C
C?
©
Tt
X
OJ
j.-
CC
CC
•*(
1>-
>*
©
a
tr
a
10
o
rt
cc
OS
a
X
a
©
at
Ol
c-
c
• >.
S
■-
c
a
CC
Sf
. c«m
H
o
BBS
Ot
o
c
c
a:
©
©
©
©
©
c:
c
a
a;
Tj
©
s
0(
X
1-1
Eh
CM
D
o
OJ
tf
i co
.
K
§2
o
s
jji
a
"a
^3
H
if
if
a
o
c
c
c
<=;
c
c
§
c
o
T*
c
©3
c
Ol
C aj
o
10>
c
t-
«
c
X
g
£-n
Tj
r-^
->.
*£
(N
c
a
Th"
o P
cr
Oi
%
V
t-
%
ii ai
00
ts
a
c
»
o
OJ
,_
uO
if
V
t.
IO*
o
■*
tfl
o
o©
0
tO tO
If-   OO   O
c
c
c
© 0
0
0 c
©
O   ©
W
"rt
a
o
a
Tl-   CO
■w
tO OJ
CS X
>a oj x -*
Th i-h Tt x
1*
i>
©
©
00
Ol c
CC
CO CO
0
l-H
h
C
c
X
IOCS
m os i-u
0:
T*
6
ot ©
-
r- t
«
X X
rt
CO
CD
IO © OJ rH
X
IT
Tj
© CO
<o
ba
i>
■^
i.- iO
I- X OJ CD
IT
c
c
OC
cc
OJ Ol
in
ci
c
•* CO
© lO
© O CC iO
01
c
CO CD
o
,          T-
£- tO
0C
co_co
CO_CD Th X
c
O"
«
Ol Ci
0
*"'*'
0
X J0_
i—(
h
<
<
c
cr
00
r-4
«*"
CJ CO l-H
X
c
0
i-T
1-1 ""
co eo"
H
pa
© o ^
©©
c
rH  © © ©
c
00
tr
c>
OJ OJ
ec
OJ OJ
OJ CO CO CO
©■
0-
CO CO
OJ 0^
0!
OJ 01
h
H      £
o
© OJ
,_|
0 -*
Th
—
1-
•-* Ol
cc
OJ C£
0
Ol CO
H
C
0
OS ©
OS
&
c:
cr
© Ci
O!
0 cr
c
a-
X 00
0<
X X
X
X X
Ot
X X
c
CO X
I-. —
*"H
7-1 "1
7-1
rH*~<
X
w
11
ft
fc
cj   r
s4
fc
ci rt
fi. -   r   r
"fc
<
t
fc
1     «
-0 c
ro rt
fc-3
fc
fc (-
rt c
S5
—-   -S—-
-c
£5
£
5c
Jjj
4.
t:
JZ J=
^
5-=
X-W
ffl
I-' *i
<N
Th 0
If
XI OJ
0
0
lO m
■* ^t
o.
Ol Ol
rH Ol
OJ
Ol
©
c
© ©
©
c
0
c
c
©
c
c
c
c
•jC^io'^d'BO     "S
©
©^
c
00
00
O
©
c
0
0
c
c
c
©
c
c
c
c
c
0
hH
Am      g
0"
c
©"iff
0"
cc
10
IT
tfi
c
c
h
X
«c
rH  -H
Ol
H
e-
c-
0*
e-
5   <t3"
e
5
fc
&
c
a
»■
c
c
i> ° „,
p
0
a
E
0
c
rt
c
a
rt
c
fc
a
1
■S    2
1   1
0
I-'3
c
c
«
rt =3
-3
tr
fi.
0
t
C
c
|
■fc
c
ci
i>
K
ao
"A
P
E
>
t>
r*
>
h^
ft
>
i-l
l-H l-H
rH
•-H
rH
r-
0
0
c
5
6D
0
;
c
*Sh
c
9
-S
c
l=
0
0
tf
c
0
1
"5
PC
c
C
1
c
T
E
c
C
0
E
a
4
-a
a
rt
c
s
c3
>
>    a
1
"5
a
£
C
;
a
fc
c
4
e
a
rt
P
0
i
C
C
fc
a
~
<
q-
'Z
1
I
1
1
C
c
1
c
c
1
1
)
rt'
CG
m
«
c
C
1
fc
c
1
tl
"5
!
1
'1
c
I
1
fc
<
E
t
tt:
1
1
■s
c
*
1
c
|
1
a
a
.
ffi
1
ffi
a
^
0
a
<
es
ft
1-
c
c
&
*c
s
£ 3 Ed. 7
Timber Statistics.
F 175
©
OJ
I—
in
©        ©        g        tfl
to
£r
*-       tO       ©       CO
Th
OJ
ft.
rH
„
; i
ta
^_
CO
to
r-
to
tO
c.
X
CO
,_h
OT
o»
CO
Ol
Ol
A
ri
|
'-~
■*
1h
■-4
Th
tO
o
~
X
-
-+■
c
-H
^
o
■—■
o
Ol
nn
<"•
1>
ifS
©
c~
l>
tfl
r-
IS
©
Ol
©
©
Th
l>
eo
tr
cc
©
CO
©
tr
in
OJ
X
_4
OJ
Th
w
fc
©
o
o
CO
«
©
iQ
rH
1-1
J.
-
H
H
CO
to
1-1
OJ
1
fc
to
o
eo
CJ
o
a
o
o
©
o
©
©
©
-
OJ
ft
o
©
***
,_!'
QJ
rt
"*
o
CO
T*
CO
CO
rt
©
OJ
•-1
fr-
2 la
eo     1—     oi     ©
i-     ©
©     ©
r-f        CO
O ©
© ©
to ©
o©
oo
oo
>fc     fc     H
ffi     ffi
ffi   a
o
•a
J <
a   n
°       ci       g       <u     tJ
o   o   £   bs   p
*c;^ouaa,n F 176
-
Public Works Report.
1903
OS
lOWIOOilOOcO^
•imoi
tO'tcDIOafflffib.
(N
IO CO ifl OS CO op
CO ^H IO O IO -H 01
O
lO rf CD lO O ^
rt*
OS
CO —i »o O OS «
r^t-Cco
CO rH
•JBISSBQ
co   -oi o   •
■ i-H pH
00
CD CO ph O) ph ©
Tfl CO CO f—1 CO o
O
CD i—i IO CS CO CO
•OOqU'BQ
Ol — CO l-H
:rt :
OS
©fee
CO  ^H
CD
rf
•£bu*)oo}j
■*1^-* CO 05     • O     •
CO CO CO i-H lO     - Tti     -
OS
fa
—I        -H IO Ol     •           ;
O
O
00 t— CS •—< CO CO
o
^OOJOfM-*
r- i-h eo i—' r- es
Cs
<M
H
-H~Tf oi
O
Ott
•^GOOJII'J
Ol 00 t- -*
^       CO CO
:oi   •
O ^
1—1
cc
Ol
pf
o
OS
5s
00
CD CO 00 00 CO CO
5
•sooAoso
CO 00 01 t~ -+    -co    •
IO »0 ^ IO ^H      . rH      ■
Ol          rH 01
,_,     ,_,     ,_|     <£,    ^    CS
CD i-h ■* CO —^CS
H
O
H
«
CO
o
ft
•sdooiuiB^j
00 l-H CO t- CO     • IO     ■
IOHIOIN           • <M     •
NTlHOHTfXl
c
14
P
CO ■* CO iO OS Ol
02
00
■^ ,—i L-- CS CO -h
f-Tos
ffl
r-H
CO
a
fc
CO
OQ
Q
•a^i
CO       •  -#  ■*  rH       -CO       •
CO
—                           £
Ol -f r^ CO t- Tf
cd o ir^ co os co
rt
Oi
^(NCSl-'iOO
5
z
X
S
o
•J8(JSUtUl
oo oi oi co at   .
GO
0^00*
W
fc
s
Pi
HJS9.M A8JI
l-H      t^ -* co    •
o
CD
o
CO Tf -^ i—i i-H fM
-»i
t^- »o i—i os at   -co
CO
CO Tf OS i—i (M CO
D
H
*^ST30Q
r~         01 Ti lO     - CC      .
Q0
Tf  rH  CO  Tf  GO  LO
CO CO
eo
W
■ouiretrefj
COO} CO t^
iO
O CO Tf LO CO CS
CO  rH  CO  rH   LO 1^
if-
ffl    c
5       M
o
g
00
CD rH CO CM Tf o
LO*"lO
S  «2
•             S  -w w
pan
P
z
<
Pc,
fc
O
■UEqOIAlOQ
Ol    • ■* CO
CO
OS
R 1
>  s"
S
a
Tf
CO
GO
os i>. eo cs co co
Eh
O
fc
3
"BJJO!}0].A.
flOHt-O     '■—     '■
CO-H^IXOI     ■
Os
00
OhIOOCD-h
!>.._H  ,—|  ^H  HO
r-^Tf
Tf
o
J
ed
«
fM eo Tf eo rf c
<
H
eo r- co cs co co
Oi
co i-h ;m co cd co
o
fi
fc
GO
(M
5
C1
3
OS Ol O O X —<
3
Ot
Ol
ONOtM !>■ :M
tt
GO Ol O GO oo eo
fc
CO
i-h     cT»o
£
o
fe
eo
o
W
00 O M IC LO -^
CO
OS
X CO CO CO »o Ol
CS Ol GO CO Tf O
fc
GO
co"io
n
1—1
-#
P
1-1
H
tf
"3
■Jl
s
-t-s      ■
ti
,'K
c   •
o
^  to
0)      ■
1 s
I s
; s a
a      03   '
> rf
tn    Q    rr
-a t-S
■3   3 :
H     Pj|L|
O   C   £
«*<    t,
"         SB    •
60       C     •
° s 3
o  fi rT
v H Ph
P3 «*h       c
03   &
„
&|     ffiO      g^
gcc  cp«     Ph t?
mption
ticates o
n Grant
Acreag
9-3         SS -9        rH -g
03  fc.       OB       S  B
w --H      > r3 i
1+3             |>    CO  -K
O   h          O +3 -r-
fci as      fc.9      o 3
tn   H>          b   O   C
P-
o
c
r
c
)0Q
P-
c
c
E-
K-

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcsessional.1-0064237/manifest

Comment

Related Items