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TWENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. 1897-98. BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1899

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 TWENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
1897-98.
BY   THE  SUPERINTENDENT  OP  EDUCATION.
WITH  APPENDICES.
THEGOVERNMENTOF
THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
VICTORIA, B. C. :
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1899.  62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1233
PUBLIC   SCHOOLS   REPORT.
1897-98.
To His Honour Thos. R. McInnes,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
Mat it please Your Honour:
I beg herewith respectfully to present the twenty-seventh Annual Report on the
Public Schools of the Province.
December, 1898.
JOSEPH MARTIN,
Minister of Education.  62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1235
PART I.
GENERAL REPORT.  62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1237
ANNUAL   REPORT
SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
1897-98.
Education Office,
Victoeia, December, 1898.
To the Honourable Joseph Martin,
Minister in charge of the Education Department:
Sib,—In accordance with the requirement of the "Public School Act, 1891," I beg to
submit for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor the Twenty-seventh
Annual Report on the condition and progress of the Public Schools of the Province for the
school-year ended June 30th, 1898.
The record of the past year shows marked improvement in the condition and management
of the schools. Their efficiency may be inferred from the high percentage of average daily
attendance, from the very liberal amount expended for their maintenance, and from the lively
interest shown by the people generally in their welfare.
The main instrumentalities that have produced, and continue to produce, marked results
for good in our Public Schools are better judgment displayed in the selection of teachers, the
careful and constant supervision by the Inspectors, the practical and beneficial work of the
various Teachers' Institutes, and the increased interest and vigilance of trustees and parents.
The whole number of pupils enrolled was 17,648, an increase of 1,850 over that of the
previous year, and the average actual daily attendance was 11,055.65, an increase of 1,056.04
for the same period.
The total number of teachers and monitors employed was 422, an increase of 38 over that
for the previous year.
There were 261 schools in operation during the year, as follows:—
4 High   Schools, 228 Common Schools,
25 Graded      „ 4 Ward
In City Districts the percentage of average daily attendance was 69.47, in Rural Districts
57.31, and for the whole Province, 62.64.
The expenditure from the Provincial Treasury for Education Proper during the year was
as follows:—
Teachers' Salaries $180,437 58
Per Capita Grants to City Districts      52,922 64
Education Office      14,396 15
Total $247,756 37 1238                                          Public Schools Report.
1898
The expenditure by the Lands and Works Department for the construction of school-
houses, furniture, repairs and improvements to school property was as follows: —
Total $ 42,498 89
The total cost to the Provincial Government during the past fiscal year for all purposes
of education was as follows:—
Education Proper $247,756 37
Total $290,255 26
The following table  shows the cost of  each pupil on enrolment and on average daily
attendance during the past ten years:—
Cost of each
Year.
pupil on
enrolment.
pupil on
average daily-
attendance.
1888-89             	
$15 92
|29 39
1889-90	
15 29
28 37
1890-91	
14 78
14 91
16 57
13 40
14 02
14 17
13 97
26 66
1891-92	
25 79
1892-93	
26 79
1893-94	
21 71
1894-95	
22 95
1895-96	
22 14
1896-97	
22 08
1897-98	
14 03
22 40
The following assisted schools were maintained during the year :—
Aberdeen,                                                  Hat Creek,
Alberni (Beaver Creek),                         Hernando,
Aldergrove, South (West),                     Illecillewaet,
Arrowhead,                                               Jubilee,
Big Bar,                                                   Lac-la-Hache,
Black Mountain,                                      Mara,
Camp McKinney,                                   Maria Slough,
Canoe Creek,                                          North Bend,
Cascade City,                                          North Thompson, West.
Centre Road,                                          Notch Hill,
Commonage,                                            Okanagan Landing,
Cortez Island,                                         Okanagan, West,
Douglas,                                                   Pavilion,
Ducks (Campbell's Creek),                   Penticton (Okanagan Fal
Dunach, South,                                       Pilot Bay,
Fairview,                                                    Quatsino,
Field,                                                         Read Island,
Ganges,                                                    Retreat Cove,
Goldstream (Happy Valley),                  Rivers Inlet,
s).
Haney, East,                                             Sahtlam, 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1239
Salmo,
Savona,
Short's Point,
Silverton,
Spence's Bridge,
Squamish,
Sunbury,
Three Forks,
Ymir.
Tobacco Plains,
Trout Lake,
Union Wharf,
Valdez Island,
Wardner,
Waterloo,
Webster's Corners,
Windermere,
In addition to the above, assisted schools are now being maintained in the following
localities:—
Brooklyn,
Cape Scott,
Cariboo Road,
Clayoquot,
Cranbrook,
Elk Lake,
Kensingston, East,
Vedder Mountain.
Lytton, North,
Morris Valley,
Moyie City,
Peachland,
Rock Mountain,
Salmon Arm Station,
Spuzzum,
During the past year school-houses have been erected, or additions made to school buildings,
in the following districts :—
Ainsworth,
Camp Slough,
Clinton,
Departure Bay (addition),
Donald (addition),
Fort Steele,
Grand Forks,
Kaslo,
Maple Ridge (addition),
Nelson (addition),
New Denver,
Nicola Valley,
Rossland,
Stave River,
Steveston,
Trail,
Union Mines,
Wellington (addition). 1240
Public Schools Report.
1898
Schedule of Salaries of Teachers on Permanent Staff during the Year 1897-98.
reachers.
City
Districts
1
1
1
1
5
12
14
4
2
43
1
13
4
1
137
Rural
Districts.
56
5
167
256
Salaries.
at |135 00 per month.
120 00
110 00
108 00
100 00
90 00
85 50
85 00
83 33
80 75
80 00
76 00
75 00
73 25
70 00
69 00
68 25
68 00
66 66
65 00
62 50
60 00
58 50
55 00
54 16
53 75
52 50
50 00
45 00
40 00
35 00
25 00
Average monthly salary in City Districts
ii ii Rural      ii
.$60 83
.   53 74
Certificates of Teachers on Permanent Staff for the Year 1897-98.
City Districts.
Rural Districts.
Class and Grade.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Males.
Females.
Total.
First Class, Grade A	
it    B	
„    B	
Third Class,      »    A	
16
18
5
3
7
18
35
23
4
4
1
2
23
36
40
26
4
4
1
3
17
30
33
32
1
10
33
67
8
14
1
1
18
40
66
99
8
„    B	
7
1
1
21
2
1
43
—
2
94
137
121
135
256
In addition to the above number of teachers in Rural Districts, there were employed twenty-nine
monitors, five males and twenty-four females, twenty-eight at the rate of $40 per month, and one at the rate
of $30 per month. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1241
Statistical Abstract op Attendance for 1897-98.
Number of pupils enrolled during the year  17,648
Increase for the year ,  1,850
Number of boys enrolled  8,983
Increase for the year  878
Number of girls enrolled  8,665
Increase for the year  972
Average actual daily attendance  11,055.65
Increase for the year     1,056.04
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools ,  459
Decrease for the year  2
Average actual daily attendance in High Schools  276.44
Average actual daily attendance in Graded and Ward Schools    6,704.20
Average actual daily attendance in Rural Schools  4,075.01
Number of School Districts at the close of the year  213
Increase for the year  14
The gradual growth of the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit:—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools from
1872-73 to 1897-98.
Year.
Number of
School
Districts.
Aggregate
Enrolment.
Average
Daily
Attendance.
Percentage
of
Attendance.
Expenditure
for Education
Proper.
1872-73	
25
37
41
41
42
45
45
47
48
50
59
67
76
86
95
104
109
123
141
154
169
178
183
193
1,028
1,245
1,403
1,685
1,998
2,198
2,301
2,462
2,571
2,653
2,693
3,420
4,027
4,471
5,345
6,372
6,796
8,042
9,260
10,773
11,496
12,613
13,482
14,460
575
767
863
984
1,260
1,395.50
1,315.90
1,293.93
1,366.86
1,358.68
1,383.00
1,808.60
2,089.74
2.4S1.48
2,873.38
3,093.46
3,681.14
4,333.90
5,134.91
6,227.10
7,111.40
7,785.50
8,610.31
9,254.25
55.93
61.60
61.51
58.39
63.06
63.49
57.19
52.56
53.16
51.21
51.36
52.88
51.89
55.50
53.75
48.54
54.16
53.89
55.45
57.80
61.85
61.72
63.86
64.00
$ 36,763 77
1873-74	
35,287 59
1874-75 	
34,822 28
1875-76 	
44,506 11
1876-77 	
47,129 63
1877-78	
43,334 01
1878-79 	
*22,110 70
1879-80 	
47,006 10
1880-81 	
46,960 69
1881-82	
1882-83	
49,268 63
50,850 63
1884-85 	
66,655 15
71,151 52
1885-86 	
79,527 56
1886-87       	
88,521 08
99,902 04
1887-88 	
1888-89	
108,190 59
1889-90	
1890-91	
122,984 83
136,901 73
1891-92 	
160,627 80
1892-93	
190,558 33
1893-94	
169,050 18
1895-96 	
189,037 25
204,930 32
1896-97 	
199    	
213
15,798
17,648
9,999.61
11,055.65
63.29
62.64
220,810 38
1897-98 	
247,756 37
1 Half-year. PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS' EXAMINATION, 1898.
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the
Public Schools of the Province commenced on July 4th,  1898, in the  South Park School
Building,  Victoria,  in   the  High   School   Building,  Vancouver,   and   in   the  Public School
Building, Kamloops.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were the Ven.
Archdeacon Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.), the Rev. W. D. Barber, M.A., the Rev. R. Whittington,
M.A., B.Sc, and John W. Church, Esq., M.A.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of August 4th,
1898, as follows :—
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
Bissett, Mary E., B.A., St. Francis Xavier College, Nova Scotia, 1898.
Edmison, Matilda K., B.A. University of Manitoba, 1898.
Pearcy, Mrs. Wilhelmina W., B.A., University of Toronto, 1898.
Wickham, Escotte, B.A., University of Toronto, 1898.
Elliott, Charles G., B.A., University of Manitoba, 1898.
Gordon, Alfred E., B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1898.
Maudson, George A., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1898.
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 4,550.) Marks
obtained.
Marchant, Nellie E    3460
First Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,750.) Marks
obtained.
Bennie, Isabel    2797
Monk, James H    2442
Speirs, Mary E    2293
The following holders of Second Class, Grade A, Certificates passed the additional standard
now required for First Class, Grade B, Certificates :—Pauline Frank, Lillian M. Grant, Robert
J. Hall, Mary L. Harding, Flora E. Hartt, Maria Lawson, Eva A. LeFeuvre, Ethel L. LePage,
Thomas C. Mercer, Rachel McK. Macfarlane, Louise M. Maclaren, Donald N. McTavish, Pete.
D. McTavish, S. C. Ruth Pope, Jennie Ramsay, Florence Southcott, Norton Strople.
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
Kidd, Ruby M  1672
Walker, Maud M. R ,  1592
Fisher, Arthur G  1590
Allison, Dorothy   1585
Hall, George W  1572
Johnstone, Jean P    1569
Godson, Mabel  1540
Colquhoun, Josephine ,  1531
Murray, Marie J ,  1531 Second Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,150.) Marks
obtained.
Caldwell, Jennie ,  2259
Johnston, Alice L  2255
McEwen, Edwin H  2225
Dykes, Watson  2214
Kendall, George  2186
Mebius, Jeannette  2179
McMahan, Mrs. Emma C ,  2166
McDiarmid, Peter A ,  2146
Mclntyre, James A       2109
Campbell, Leonard A      2100
Dell, Mabel ,  2065
Hunter, Douglas McD  2052
Blackwell, Seraph .  2048
Blair, Wesley A  2048
Clement, Samuel B    2047
Stevenson, Clarinda E  2042
Macfarlane, Minnie J  2032
Caspell, Edmund  2017
McDowell, Mary  2006
Mclntyre, John   2000
Fraser, Henry A  1990
Sexsmith, Frances L  1978
McPhail, Archibald A  1976
Turner George D  1973
Tompkins, William L  1970
Nason, Mary A  1967
Lawson, Winnifred C  1962
Fraser, Katherine N  1957
Moore, Charles A  1955
Fraser, James D  1948
Clark, Angus  1943
Keast, Ada  1940
Fletcher, Mary E  1929
Fowler, Dora E  1923
Page, Philip H  1914
Lewis, Edith  1906
Smith, Mary ,  1895
Pullen, Henry F  1894
Wardle, Ethel G  1893
Davidson, Augusta J  1892 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1243
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Continued.
Marks
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) obtained.
Letts, Albert  1531
Phoenix, Albert E  1530
Mclnnes, Phcebe A  1519
Melhuish, Hester E  1519
Sharpies, Elizabeth J , , 1513
Warren, Clara C ,  1513
McQueen, Annie W  1505
Millard, Gertrude R  1502
Marshall, Sarah  1495
Perry, George S. P  1489
McAlpine, Sarah  1487
Shannon, Mary J  1486
Terrion, Patrick ,  1481
White, Charles J  1474
Jesse, Edith M  1473
McQueen, Jessie  1473
Thain, Mrs. Annie C  1470
Glover, Mabel G  1464
Fraser, Mary I  1462
Lauder, Edith M  1462
Milligan, Eliza  1457
Brechin, Robert  1452
Graham, Alexander     ...         1441
Newland, Catherine A   ,  1440
Fleming, Pearl W  1436
Gaudin, Mabel A  1435
Tibbatts, Emilie  1434
Beath, James  1429
Currie, Flora M . ..  1428
McCallum, Ada E  1427
Reid, Jemima            1426
Clement, William J  1422
Christensen, Carl M. B  1417
Robertson, Jessie ,  1416
Blake, Mary J  1414
Norris, Marguerite E  1413
Brown, Margaret  1411
Canfield, Francis O  1407
Ketcheson, Annie     1406
Bowman, May  1403
McFadden, Addie  1402
Watson, Ralph R  1394
Loat, Cora H  1386
Higginson, Jane E ,  1382
Crandell, Oscar A  1381
Ashworth, Livingstone C  1379
Milligan, Rose A  1374
Goostrey, George F  1368
Renwick, Lilian R  1367
Thornber, Charles L  1357
McTaggart, Isabella ,  1354
Wolfenden, Mabel  1352
Carter, Ethel J    1346
Johnston, Augustus M   ,  1345
Bond, Phcebe J  1343
McSween, Peter D  1341 1244 Public Schools Report. 1898
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Concluded.
Marks
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.)       , obtained.
McKinnon, Mary  1339
Couves, Blanche C ,  1330
Goostrey, James D  1327
Green, Emily M  1323
Galbraith, Elizabeth I  1322
Dobeson, Mary G  1317
Inglis, Jessie M  1314
Estabrooks, R. Ernest  1297
DeBou, Edith S ,  1295
Hopkins, Alice M  1294
Browne, Ethel L  1283
Turville, Edwin S  ,  1278
Knight, William A  1276
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates
Marks
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) obtained.
Pringle, Ella K  1275
Sylvester, Louise M  1141
Robinson, Nellie A .  1136
Carmichael, Annie E  1123
Ray, Annie B  1075
Marshall, Ila M  1074
Watson, Eleanor M   1069
Murgatroyd, Annie L  1069
McGraw, Mary  1067
Plaxton, Robert J  1055
Moore, Jane  1053
Buttimer, Annie L  1034
Nicholas, Minnie E  1033
Godson, Grace A   1029
King, John  1029
Green, Constance H    1019
Smith, Annie  1015
Mills, Sarah A  1011
Clark, Elizabeth A  1005
Marsden, Sarah    1000
Muir, Sarah F  990
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.
Marks
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) obtained.
Mclver, Henrietta ,  1203
Swan, Clara W  1126
Murray, Jessie M ,  1118
Wriglesworth, Annie L ,  1113
Johnstone, Marion B. . .  1083
Clement, Mabel M  1077
Whelen, Mary E. J  1076
Wood, Mabel V  1068
Turner, Bertha  1058
Blair, J. Alfred  1045
Wilson, Elizabeth    1042
John, Alice  1042
Tingley, Brydone L  1033
Smith, Mabel  1031 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1245
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Concluded.
Marks
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) obtained.
Butler, Claud H  1031
Fenton, Susie A  1029
McMordie, Robert A  1014
Mitchell, Charles A  1013
Olding, Harriet E ,  996
Cleveland, Jane M  993
Teetzel, Edward E  985
Matthews, William A ,   977
Knight, Margaret D  973
Sivewright, William ,  973
Johnson, Margaret A  967
Colquhoun, Jessica  958
Lovering, James E ,  949
Beaclleston, Maud E     948
Coghlan, Leonora M  943
Butler, Gladys A. K  940
Bowman, Ida Rose  940
Cathcart, Annie  939
Irvine, Robert D ,  935
Barton, Frederick W  933
Carncross, Marion  925
McMullen, Alexander  923
Stitt, Eleanor H  918
Henderson,  Olive ,  916
Brethour, Gertrude L  910
Lucas, Bessie  907
Creech, Winifred J. E  906
Wale, Alice M. M  899
Holmes, Beatrice M  893
Bertiaux, Mrs. Kate  882
McCannel, Mary Jane , .... 882
Street, Flossie P  880
Henderson, Alice G  877
Lovering, Herbert S . .  873
Netherby, Belle  869
Sinclair, Isabella  866
Howell, Ada M  852
Evans, Jennie  851
Cameron, Sadie Belle  844
Ross, Barbara  838
Johnson, Margaret G      ,  792
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Adelaide S., Halliday, James A.,
McDougall, Archena J.
S. D. Pope, LL.D.,
Austin Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.),
William D. Barber, M.A.,        \Board of Examiners.
R. Whittington, M.A., B.Sc.,
John W. Church, M.A.,
Certificates have been granted in accordance with the recommendation of the Examiners.
JAMES BAKER,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, Victoria, July 30th, 1898. 1246 Public Schools Report. 1898
The examination was held simultaneously in Victoria, Vancouver, and Kamloops.
The number of candidates was 286, of whom 115 wrote in Victoria, 135 in Vancouver,
and 36 in Kamloops.
Of the whole number of candidates, 223 were successful in obtaining certificates, as
follows : —
First Class, Grade A      9
First Class, Grade B    20
Second Class, Grade A    40
Second Class, Grade B    78
Third Class, Grade A    21
Third Class, Grade B    55
Of the whole number who wrote, 53 failed to obtain a certificate of any kind, and 10
withdrew from the examination.
In addition to the above, 3 certificates for length of service were issued in accordance
with the provisions of the Public School Act.
At a special examination, a First Class, Grade A, certificate was granted to Mr. Alexander J. Dove, M.A., University of Manitoba. 62 Vict. .   Public Schools Report. 1247
REPORT OF INSPECTOR WILSON.
"Victoria, November,  1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report
for 1897-98 :—
" Until the middle of the past school-year, my duties as Inspector and Assistant in the
Education Office remained the same as in former years, but when the Province was divided
into three Inspectorates, each to be placed under a resident Inspector, I was retained as
assistant in general supervision and departmental work. Although, since this regulation was
put in force in January last, not so much inspectoral duty as formerly has been in consequence
assigned to me, yet no month has passed without my being called upon to undertake some
work of this character. In addition to departmental work, I have, therefore, made during the
year over two hundred inspectoral visits, besides those undertaken for the purposes of holding
investigations, and of inquiring into the need of certain localities for improvements to school
property, for increased school accommodation, or for school facilities. The following places
were specially visited by me in the performance of the latter duties :—
" Rossland, Nelson, Trail, Kaslo, Sandon, Slocan City, Wellington, Comox Road (near
Wellington), North Gabriola, South Gabriola, East Cedar, South Nanaimo, Pitt Meadows
(near Hammond), and Hope.
" By your instructions, I attended the meetings of three of the Teachers'Institutes at
present organized, viz. : The Provincial (in Vancouver), the Inland (in Vernon), and the
Chilliwhack Institutes. The meetings of these Institutes were successful in every way, and
have done much to stimulate teachers, and, consequently, to help^in improving the schools.
At the close of each Institute a public meeting was held, to which parents and others interested in education were invited. I had the privilege of delivering a short address on an
educational topic at the public meetings held at Vernon and Chilliwhack.
" As a result of my observations, I feel justified in reporting that the work of the schools
visited has in general shown considerable progress. One feature that is worthy of note is the
improvement in the character of the primary instruction given. All, or nearly all, of the
teachers with whom I came in contact are zealous and conscientious in the performance of
their duties. Some may be content to move along in the old grooves, but it is noticeable that
there is developing more and more every year a disposition among teachers to keep themselves
prepared in their work. And while for the most part their teaching has, no doubt, been done
with the thought that knowledge is power, it is to be hoped that the greater truth has not
been lost sight of, namely, that character is power.
" The impressions gained from the past year's inspections as to the teaching of the chief
subjects of the course of study are as follows :—
"While it cannot be said that any very noticeable improvement has taken place in
reading, yet there has certainly been no falling off from the standard of quality formerly
reached. This statement applies more particularly to the work of those who have overcome
the mechanical difficulties of learning to read. With respect to primary reading, some
improvement has been noticed in the methods employed to teach the first steps. The need of
teaching phrasing and proper emphasis and tone from the outset, is beginning to be more
generally recognized.
"The constant and careful attention given to spelling has secured results that are generally creditable. There has been, perhaps, a little too much of the 'dull grind' about the
plan pursued in many instances, and it is accordingly suggested that teachers acquaint themselves with as many methods and devices as possible and change from one to the other, in
order to relieve the tedium and to meet the needs of individual children.
" Since the introduction of the vertical system, an improvement in writing has been
evident,   but  pupils  require careful  drill  and instruction as before.    It must be neglect in
these respects that has led in some instances to the formation of a wretched habit of producing
a kind of illegible backhand, under the supposition that it is vertical writing.    Where this is
2 1248 Public Schools Report. 1898
met with, pupils hold their pens in an almost upright position, and use the finger movement
only. Authorities on penmanship are agreed that good movement is of first importance in
learning to write, and that muscular and not finger movement should be the basis of the
work. The question of securing the proper position of the body would virtually solve itself,
as to get the muscular movement the pupils have to sit erect.
"Arithmetic has a strong claim to a prominent place in the school programme; indeed,
in some of the schools visited during the past year, it receives more than its fair share of the
teacher's time and attention, with varied results. It is a subject which teachers find some
difficulty in imparting to most pupils ; but were less attempted during the first one or two
years, we would not so frequently find that confusion in their knowledge of arithmetic which
may lie at times observed in the case of older pupils. Proper repetition and drill in the
elementary work will free the mind from petty details and enable it to be concentrated upon
the higher steps. It is, therefore, of supreme importance that pupils should be trained in
working accurately and quickly the four fundamental operations with integers, vulgar fractions,
and decimals. But how many can add a long column of figures without a mistake 1 Although
a good deal has been done in this direction, much remains to be accomplished before the habit
of obtaining accurate answers at the first attempt can be secured.
"Due attention has been given to the elementary as well as the advanced work in
grammar. Analysis of sentences was generally better done than parsing. But there is
danger of some of our teachers treating the former exercise as an end in itself, whereas its
value consists mainly in enabling the pupil to get a better understanding of what he reads,
and in directing his attention to the ways in which sentences are constructed. Side by side
with analysis may be taken up variety of expression, such as the transforming of an infinitive
to a participle, a participle to a clause, replacing the active form by a passive, a clause by an
infinitive, and so on.    Variety of sentence form should also be treated.
" The growing tendency in the schools visited is to give pupils practice in composition as
soon as they can write with some degree of ease, and it is a rare thing to find the subject
neglected even by the most inexperienced teacher. As in former years, much variety has
been observed in the character of the results, hut in the main some improvement can be
reported.
" The work of the advanced classes in composition was often found to be defective as to
the arrangement of ideas, the proper division of the subject-matter into paragraphs, and at
times even into sentences. Although considerable attention was devoted to these points in
my last report, yet it is considered advisable again to refer to them.
" On the acquisition of skill in this part of our subject, very useful hints are given in
the chapter on ' Paragraphing,' by Messrs. Alexander and Libby, in ' Composition from
Models.' The chapter on ' Narrative Compositions by Pupils,' in the same work, together
with the introduction, will also be found suggestive.
" In connection with Canadian History, I have sometimes been met with the complaint
that the prescribed text-book is uninteresting, or that it is too difficult of comprehension by
pupils who are just entering upon the study of this subject. But in spite of any blame that
may be thrown on the text-book, there does not seem to be any reason why the study of
Canadian History cannot be made very interesting, if teachers are willing to give to it the
same amount of care in preparation that they are supposed to give other studies. The text
contains an outline of our history, and it is for teachers to add to this outline ; and further,
to stimulate and arouse the youthful imagination by beginning each period with the most
interesting stories they can find in connection with it.
" Perhaps no subject taught in the schools has been more discussed in the past few years
than that of geography. As a consequence, a great change has been effected in the teaching
of this branch ; but of all good studies, it is certainly not the most productive, being
frequently taught as a matter of memory, and not of observation. To a certain extent, this
criticism applies to the work of our schools in geography, although instruction in it is growing
better in proportion as clearer ideas are gained by teachers of its scope and purpose.
" During the past year the interest in anatomy, physiology and hygiene has been well
sustained, and, as far as a mastery of its elementary principles chiefly from the text-book is
concerned, good and useful work has been generally accomplished.
"The Pathfinder Series (introductory) has come into more general use, and has been
found of value in giving primary instruction in this subject, as well as in the branch subject
of temperance. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1249
" Beyond the fact that drawing has become more general in the schools, it remains much
the same as last year. One reason for this is that not much time is devoted to its study, but
another is that all of our teachers are not qualified to give instruction in this branch. Where
drawing-books are in use, there is a strong inclination to trust entirely to them for bringing
pupils to a state of proficiency in drawing. The slate and blackboard should also be employed,
and a due amount of direct instruction given. I fear that at present a good deal of what
passes for drawing is merely copying, ruler and scale being freely used.
"The careful study of a good drawing manual would very materially assist those who are
not familiar with the methods of presenting this useful subject. McFaul's Public School
Drawing Manual (Canada Pub. Co., Toronto) will be found useful.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
"D. Wilson,
'' Inspector of Schools.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria. B. C." 1250 Public Schools Report. 1898
REPORT OF INSPECTOR BURNS.
Nelson, B.C., Nov. 12th, 1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour to lay before you my report on work of the school-year 1897-
98, and in so doing have more especially referred to the schools of this Inspectorate.
"During the latter part of 1897, I visited the schools of the Okanagan Valley and of the
Boundary Creek District, finding these, generally speaking, making good progress, as well as
increasing in numbers and attendance.
"On the division of the Province into Inspectorates, in January last, I came to Nelson,
and during the rest of the school-year visited all schools in my district, except those in East
Kootenay and South Yale, these being omitted only for lack of time.
" In the graded schools of this Inspectorate, good work is being done. At Rossland and
Nelson much difficulty has been experienced by the constant demand for increase of accommodation. This need has now been met by the Government, but until suitable rooms and
furniture were provided, much progress could not be made, nor good grading carried out. In
almost every instance I have found the teachers striving to do their utmost to advance the
moral and intellectual progress of the pupils under their charge, and any suggestions given for
improvement in method or in work have been generally carried out. The discipline of the
schools has usually been found satisfactory. In some instances where pupils accustomed to
the life of the mining camp, have been required to conform to school regulations, there has
been opposition, but these cases are becoming fewer in number. I have much pleasure in saying that from the progress already made, I feel confident greater progress will be made during
the present school-year. The teachers in this Inspectorate labour under many disadvantages,
and even with hard and earnest work, the general standard of the schools is not so high as in
the other parts of this Province.
" My experience during this year has convinced me of the absolute necessity for a Normal
School for training our teachers. A considerable proportion of those employed in this Inspectorate have been educated in the schools of British Columbia, and although there can be no
question regarding their knowledge, yet they are deficient in ability to instruct and to use
modern methods of teaching, unless by several years of experience they have attained this
ability and practicable training at their pupils' expense. Their comparative isolation also
deprives them of the opportunity to obtain advice or assistance from other teachers when any
difficulty arises. Hence, frequently, with the best intentions and with hard work, poor results
are obtained.
" The lack of interest shown by parents in their children's progress and attendance is
also very noticeable. Irregularity is complained of in most schools and it is generally found
that this irregularity could be avoided were the parents more anxious about the children's
attendance at school.
" The constant moving from one mining camp to another presents another obstacle. No
one who has had experience in school work need be reminded of the results of such changes.
" It is evident that in a new district like Kootenay, and this also a mining district, these
removals are unavoidable, yet in determining the status of a school and the value of work
shown, they must be given due consideration, more especially as the difficulty of advantageously classifying an ungraded school is thereby increased. Thus in some schools I have found
in the same class, pupils who have never attended school before, yet who are able to read and
write well, but could not do simple multiplication, and who know nothing of other branches
of study; others, from the United Kingdom, deficient in Canadian subjects; others, from the
United States, deficient in grammar and Canadian subjects. To bring such a group into a
condition that the class can be taught simultaneously with advantage, is a difficult task for the
most experienced teacher. Nor must it be forgotten that these pupils do not join the classes
at the commencement of a school term, but come in at intervals during the whole of the year,
adding thereby constant interruption to steady progress.
" Recognizing these conditions, it has been my aim to encourage the teachers, and to
assist them in their work, wherever possible, rather than to add to their frequent discouragement by a close criticism on the results shown. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1251
" In March and April, entrance examinations were held in all schools where there were
candidates. These examinations have formed a model for both teachers and pupils, and are
thus helping very materially to raise the standard of work in our schools. It is probable that
a yearly increase in the number prepared and presented for examination will take place, and
it is to be hoped that as soon as the number of pupils required by statute is obtained, the
Government will establish a High School in one of the cities of Kootenay. At the present
time many pupils are sent to the High Schools on the Coast, to Eastern Canada, or to the
United States in order to obtain a higher education than that given in our Public Schools.
This expense, however, many parents cannot afford and the children have to suffer. Before
concluding my report, it seems proper to refer briefly to the different grading adopted in the
schools of the United States, and in those of British Columbia, because public attention has
been directed to this matter particularly in Rossland and the neighbouring districts. In American schools eight grades are recognized and several subjects commenced at a later date than
in our schools. When a pupil from one of these schools enters one of ours, he is necessarily
placed in a nominally lower grade. This has caused complaints of unfair discrimination to
Board of Trustees and to your Inspector. A little consideration will show that no injustice
has been done. For example, a pupil in the American fourth grade has a knowledge of reading, spelling and writing about equivalent to that attained in our second class; in the subjects
of general geography and arithmetic he is not usually so far advancd, and probably knows no
grammar. To place him in the Fourth Reader, with all the collateral subjects required, would
not be only a hindrance to his own future progress, as it would be beyond his power to keep
up with his class-mates, but an injustice to the rest of the class, who would thereby be hindered
in their progress. I have, therefore, supported the action of the teachers in placing such
pupils in nominally lower grades whenever the matter has been referred to me.
" I have the honour to be,
"Sir,
" Your obedient servant.
"Wm. Burns,
"Inspector of Schools.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 1252 Public Schools Report. 1898
REPORT OF INSPECTOR COWPERTHWAITE.
"Vancouver, B. C, Nov., 1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the first annual report of Inspectoral
District No. 2.
" This district comprises all the schools of Vancouver and New Westminster (80 divisions),
the schools along both banks of the Fraser, as far up the line of the C. P. R. as Ashcroft, Howe
Sound, Cariboo, and Cassiar. As may readily be seen, it is too large. Since being appointed to
the district, about the beginning of January, I have inspected most of the country schools twice,
spending about half a day in each. To do this I have been on the road early and late, have
travelled by express train, by freight, and by cattle train, by stage, by private conveyance, by
steamer, on horseback, and on foot, have sometimes gone hungry when travelling from one
school to another during the noon hour, while at other times the chef of a C. P. R. hotel has
ministered to my wants.
"Each division of the Vancouver and Westminster schools has been visited four or five
times, though it now takes me sixteen (16) days to make the round.
" It being a thousand mile trip to inspect the Cassiar or Cariboo schools, I went no
farther in the latter direction than Clinton and Lillooet, and did not get to the former at all.
The expense would have been great, and time required, long.
" Speaking generally, the schools of the district are in fair condition. Most of the teachers are doing good work. Some of them know little of the art of teaching, and do not strive
hard enough to improve themselves. The responsibility resting upon them as builders of
character does not seem to be of great moment to them. ' Not by levity of floating, but by
stubborn force of swimming, shalt thou make thy way.' Until we have a Normal and Model
School, nothing else can be expected but that the work done by some young teachers for the
first year or two will be experimental.    A few, however, succeed almost from the first.
" There are about twenty-five teachers in the district of whom, in my judgment at least,
any province might well be proud. These energetic, painstaking, faithful teachers are doing a
work for the youth of British Columbia for which mere money cannot pay. It is Cicero, I
think, who says that there is a sufficient recompense in the very consciousness of a noble deed.
Nevertheless, an increase of salary from time to time would not detract from the efficiency of
those who are doing so well by their pupils.
" I am of opinion that under our present conditions, the salary of inexperienced teachers
should at first he smaller, but that a regular increase be given as the teacher proves his efficiency.    This bonus for good work need not be large, but should be certain.
" All the subjects on the course receive a fair amount of attention from the teachers.
Reading has, I think, been worse taught than anything else, but I am very much pleased to
note, in some schools at least, a great improvement in this important subject. Since the pupils
have to gain a great deal of their information from books, it is highly important that they be
taught to read with ease and fluency. People like to do what they can do well, and if it is a
pleasure for a boy or girl to read, the chances are that books will not be entirely thrown aside
when school days are ended. I regret to say that I find a lack of interest taken in our schools
by the people, possibly education is too cheap. What one gets for nothing is apt to be lightly
prized.
" It might be well to cut off the grant for incidental expenses. If the people had to unite to
get the winter's supply of wood, or dig a well, or grade the grounds, they might possibly take
more pride in the school premises and in the work of the teacher as well. Where there had to
be an actual outlay of cash, such as providing lead and oil for painting, or lumber for a fence,
the occasion might be met by special grant. The grant of forty dollars ($40) is in a few cases
badly spent money. People will scarcely nail a picket on a fence or do a hand's turn about
the school without being well paid. One cannot blame them much either, while the Government provides, or may provide, everything. 62 Vict Public Schools Report. 1253
" Some trouble has been caused in this district by parents who object (properly, I think)
to the preparing of pupils for teachers' certificates in the country schools. Of course in a
mixed school where this work is done, the most of the instruction should be given after school
hours, and indeed is so given. This, however, is a great drain on the nervous energy of the
teacher, and eventually the younger pupils pay for the education of the teachers' class.
"The establishment of a Normal School would tend to settle this question. The High
Schools of the district could accommodate more pupils than are at present enrolled, and if the
curriculum for teachers' certificates were slightly changed, the High Schools would, I think,
be glad to have the extra pupils.
" Heartily thanking you, sir, and many teachers and trustees of the district, for favours
and kindnesses shown me during my year's work of inspection.
"I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
" F. M. Cowperthwaite,
"Inspector of Schools.
"S. D.  Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 1254 Public Schools Report. 1898
REPORT OF INSPECTOR NETHERBY.
 :o:	
"Victoria, November, 1898.
"Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report of
the work done in the schools which I have inspected during the school-year ending June 30th,
1898.
" I am pleased to be able to state that the majority of teachers whose schools I have
inspected have worked energetically and intelligently, not only to advance their pupils in the
different subjects, but to improve themselves in the art and science of teaching, and have been
in both cases fairly successful.
"In each school a time-table, carefully drawn up in accordance with the prescribed course
of study, is followed by the teacher, the result of which is regularity and precision in the daily
work of the school.
" The classification of the pupils has been carried into effect in nearly all the schools, and
promotion from lower to higher grades has been made at least every half year.
"The order and discipline in the schools, generally, are all that could be desired. Obedience
seems to be given by the pupils willingly and cheerfully, and few, if any, complaints have been
made of improper conduct by the children on their way to or from school.
" Corporal punishment is not practised by the teacher, except when necessity requires, and
after full explanation has been given to the pupil why it should be inflicted.
" Complaint is made by some teachers of irregular attendance at school, but I know of no
district in which there is employed a teacher whose whole soul is in the work where this evil
is not remedied. The responsibility of the work engaged in impresses such a teacher so powerfully that nothing is left undone which human agency can do to benefit the school of which he
has the oversight. He makes short visits to the homes of the parents of the pupils and points
out with so much earnestness the evils of irregular attendance, the necessity of keeping the
children regularly at school, that they are constrained to comply.
" Permit me to say to teachers and parents that it is not enough that pupils receive instruction in the ordinary branches of education. The development of the moral nature is of such
importance to the individual and to society that its culture should receive careful attention.
Every opportunity that presents itself should be improved in training pupils in such habits as
will help them to become, and to continue, truthful, honest, self-governing and law-abiding
citizens. Our social relations, the necessity and dignity of labour, our mutual dependence,
the privileges of society, the benefits of government, should be taught by easy and familiar
lessons and illustrations suited to the capacity of children.
" Reading is well taught in nearly all the schools, and while all the pupils are not good
readers, a very large majority read fluently and understandingly. I have given close attention
to this subject, having seen from an early period in my experience the necessity of teaching it
well, and have found it to be a general rule that the teachers have paid close attention to the
correction of mistakes, and have not permitted the pupils to pass on in a hurried and blundering manner.
" Proper attention has been given to the teaching of spelling. Oral and written lessons
have been given daily, and the eye of the pupil has been directed to the difficulties that are
constantly arising in the handling of this subject. We find, therefore, that the results are
fairly satisfactory.
"Great care should be exercised in the teaching of writing. The pupils should be compelled
to occupy a proper position and to write with a free and easy movement, and the teachers
should see that all exercises handed in are written in the pupils' best hand. In this way
satisfactory progress may be made.
"Arithmetic has received careful attention from most of the teachers. The pupils have
been taught to do their work with neatness, accuracy and dispatch; and while I am willing to
admit that in a few schools inferior work is still done, yet even in these improvement is visible.
" It seems to me that frequent reviews are necessary in order that the principles already
taught may be firmly fixed in the minds of the children. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1255
"Problems based on the business of every-day life should be daily brought to the notice of
the class, and special drills in simple rules continued until quickness and accuracy are attained.
"Oral grammar is commenced by many teachers with the pupils in the Second Reader.
This prepares the way for the use of the text-book, which is generally put into the hands of
the pupils in the Third Reader.
"The difference in function of the parts of speech has been clearly demonstrated to the
class by most of the teachers, and this enables the pupils to give readily the relation of the
words of any ordinary sentence.
"Parsing and analysis have been carefully taught, and while we must admit that there is
room for improvement, yet satisfactory progress has been made in many schools.
"The child should receive his first lesson in composition on the first day he enters school,
and should be carefully instructed in this subject, daily thereafter. Good work in this direction
may be done before the pupil is able to write by permitting him to describe objects with which
he is familiar, and about which he likes to talk. As soon as he is able to write he should be
required to give daily a written description of some animal, tree, fruit, &c, with which he is
well acquainted. This course will broaden his descriptive powers, and a judicious correction
of his errors will increase his vocabulary and strengthen his reasoning faculties as he advances
along the path of school-life.
" Good work has been done in the field of composition in our public schools, but some of
the teachers have found it a difficult task to advance their pupils as they wished to do.
Perhaps the difficulties they have met with have been brought about by their following the
'cut and dried' rules found in one or more of the many useless hand-books of ' How to teach
Composition,' instead of leading the members of their class gently along by asking them to
describe objects familiar to them.
" Map geography is well taught in nearly all of our public schools. The pupils are carefully
instructed as to the products of the different countries of the world, and now the interchange
of commodities between the nations of the earth is being brought to the notice of the class.
By this means a lively interest is given to the study of this subject.
" In many schools outline maps are constructed by the pupils, and day by day these are
filled in by locating the great commercial centres, wheat belts, mineral belts, rivers, lakes,
mountain chains, railroads, &c, and in this way a knowledge of the different parts of the world
is obtained, which is very valuable to the student.
" Due attention has been given to the teaching of history, and satisfactory progress has
been made by the pupils in nearly all our schools. A large number of teachers have adopted
the method of teaching both British and Canadian history in periods, and have taught also
the geographical position of the places mentioned in the period under consideration. This,
together with the fact that the members of the class are each requested to give the substance
of the lesson studied in his own words, has given a desire to the pupils to read other historical
works in conjunction with their school histories, and this course has broadened and sharpened
their descriptive powers, increased their vocabulary, and rendered the study of this subject a
pleasure.
"In all the schools inspected by me proper attention has been given to the subject of
Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, and regular lessons have been assigned to the more
advanced pupils from the authorised text-book. The evils arising from the use of alcoholic
stimulants and narcotics have been regularly placed before the class, and satisfactory progress
has been made in the study of this important subject in nearly all the schools. Drawing has
received some attention by a large number of teachers, and fair work executed by the pupils
may be seen in many of the schools. I trust the day is not far distant when drawing will be
taught carefully in all our public schools.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
"S. B. Netherby,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,    „ " Inspector of Schools.
" Superintendent of Education." 1256
Public Schools Report.
1898
REPORTS OF BOARDS OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES OF CITY DISTRICTS.
City of Nanaimo.
Board of School Trustees.
William McGregor, Esq., Chairman.,
Edward Quennell, Esq.,
Ralph Smith, Esq., M.P.P.,
William Manson, Esq.,
S. Gough, Esq., Secretary
F. B. LeFeuvre, Esq.,
John Newton. Esq.,
Joshua Martell, Esq.,
"Nanaimo, B. C, 5th November, 1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the report of the Board of Public School
Trustees of Nanaimo City School District for the year ending 30th June, 1898.
"In the month of March, 1897, the senior divisions of the North and South Ward
Schools were removed to the Central School, and the change has proved eminently satisfactory. This change left only the youngest of the children residing in those districts to attend
the ward schools. During the closing months of the past year the attendance at the South
Ward School, and in the junior divisions of the Central School, has increased to such an
extent that it seems as though necessity will soon arise for the re-opening of rooms in one or
more of the ward schools; happily, we are fairly well supplied with school-room accommodation.
" Meetings for the transaction of the general business of the schools are held regularly
every month, and in making their visits the Trustees keep closely in touch with the workings
and requirements of the schools.
"Provision has been made for the purchase of seven additional lots (now under lease),
for the enlargement of Central School grounds, which when acquired will fully meet the
requirements of the school.
" During the year the teachers in the various divisions have given every satisfaction, and
the best of feeling has obtained in all departments of the work.
"Ample provision has been made for the proper maintenance of the schools during the
year, the Municipal Council working in full accord with the Board.
"Enclosed is a statement of the expenditures for the year ending 30th June, 1898, as
well as a memorandum of the values of the various school properties.
" I have, etc.,
"S. Gough,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
" Secretary. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1257
' Annual Report of the Nanaimo City Board of School Trustees for the Year
ending 30th June,  1898.
; Expenditures.
Amount paid for
Teachers' Sal-
Si 0,440
Amount paid for
Incidental Expenses.
2,202.06
Amount paid for
School Sites,
construction of
School Buildings,
Amount paid for
Furniture and
Repairs.
.15
Amount paid for
other purposes.
$21.92
Total.
$13,102.13
; School Property.
Names of School
Buildings.
High School .
Central School
North Ward ..
South Ward ..
1887
1895
1892-93
1892
s
o
o
03
u
^
a>
A &b
o3
o a
s
"S^d
c3
CD   Z
,c,ia
I*
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O
3 .a
Wood.
3
Wood,
)
with stone
r 10
basement.
1
Wood.
3
Wood.
2
O   p
^ o
29,564 sq. ft.
78,672      „
18,216
18,612
o E
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11
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§.5
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> £  £
t>   O
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$   300
$3,000
$ 2,225
2,100
5,000
16,500
125
1,400
2,700
125
1,000
1,800
eg  o3
$ 5,525
23,600
4,225
2,925
$36,275
" Dated 5th November, 1898.':
" S. Gough,
"Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
City of New Westminster.
Board of School Trustees.
Jas. Cunningham, Esq., Chairman,
G. W. Boggs, Esq., M.D.,
John McKenzie, Esq.,
Thomas Gifford, Esq.,
F. W. Howay, Esq.,
J. B. Cherry, Esq.,
Alfred Smither, Esq.,
Edward Johnston, Esq.,
Secretary of the Board.
"New Westminster, B.C.,
"November 30th, 1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the report of the Board of School Trustees
of New Westminster for the year ending June 30th, 1898. In the disastrous fire which
destroyed a great portion of our city on the 10th and 11th of September, the minute book,
account book, and a great portion of the records of the School Board for the year were lost,
and I am consequently unable to make as full and complete a report as is desirable.
" The attendance in the schools has been steadily increasing during the year, as the
monthly reports of the teachers show.    The Board are face to face with the question of 1258
Public Schools Report.
1898
increased school accommodation, especially at Central and Westside. Every room in these
schools has now more pupils in attendance than one teacher can do justice to. The Board will
be obliged to open at least two new departments in Central after January next.
" Practically all the school-rooms in the city are now seated with patent desks, the Board
having this year thus seated those which heretofore have been lacking in these seats. The
school grounds have been carefully attended to, and everything has been done which could
increase the happiness and comfort of the pupils in attendance.
" A short time ago, a statement of the expenditure for the year was sent you. Owing to
the destruction of our records, it is only an approximation, but is the best which could be sent
under the circumstances.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
"F. W.
" S. D. Pope, Esq , " Secretary of the N.
"Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B.C."
Howay,
W. School Board.
■ Annual Report of the City of New Westminster Board of School Trustees for
the Year ending June 30th, 1898.
" Expenditures.
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses.
Amount paid for
School Sites,
construction of
School Buildings,
&c.
Amount paid for
Furniture and
Repairs.
Amount paid for
other purposes.
Total.
$15,360 00
$1,750 00
$250 00
$895 36
$18,255 36
The Secretary's account books having been destroyed in the fire at New Westminster on September 10th,
1898, the above figures are only approximate.
"School Property.
Names of School Buildings.
Central	
/;     (addition)...
a      (new school).
Westside .	
Sapperton 	
OS
S
o
o
CD
A   60
cS
o a
D
S
O ^3
ID   3
a
•5-°
aj
is
B a
1882
O
3 .a
5
Wood
41
1888
it
4
1891
Brick
sj
1889
Wood
s{
1890
II
4
.
.
o £
O   m
&J0
(D ^   CO
O n3
& a
^
■3 c -2
M1
4%
«3   5
cS —
J3
>£ |
> £
> '3
^   &
^   &0
TS-°
0> ■—i   &
<V >—i
<V i—i
03    O
CO   o
* 2
.3-51
.9-3
a »d
£ so
-gCE  =3
£02
£<«
«i
H
H
B
f $1,000
\    1,100
$ 2,000'j
2,000 -
Reserve of 6
acres.
[   3,500
$20,000
25,000 J
2 lots—100 x
100 ft. each.
|      500
1,000
1,000
8 city lots.
800
2,000
3,000
$54,600
2,500
5,800
$62,900
" October 31st, 1898.
"F. W. Howay,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees." 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1259
City of Vancouver.
Board of School Trustees.
C. C. Eldridge, Esq., Chairman,
C. W. Murray, Esq., Secretary,
W. D. Brydone-Jack, Esq., M.D.,
Mrs. C. Reid,
Wm. Brown, Esq.,
W. J. McGuigan, Esq., M.D.,
James Ramsay, Esq.
"Vancouver, B. C, 21st September, 1898.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the Report of the Board of School Trustees
of Vancouver for the school-year ending June 30th, 1898.
" During the past year satisfactory work has been carried on in the various departments,
and few changes in the personnel of the teaching staff have to be recorded. Late in the
school-year, Mr. T. A. McGarrigle, B. A., Principal of the West End School, resigned, and
Mr. A. C. Stewart, formerly 1st Assistant in Mount Pleasant School, was appointed to the
vacant position.
" In my last report it was stated that the additional school accommodation would be
ample for the next two years. So rapid, however, has been the increase of pupils during the
last few months, that in all probability the remaining vacant rooms will be occupied by
January next, and it will be necessary for the incoming Board to meet the problem of
increased school accommodation. This rapid increase in attendance is very gratifying to the
Board, bearing evidence, as it does, of the remarkable growth and prosperity of the city.
" The death of the late Mayor Templeton came as a painful surprise to his associates on
the School Board, as he had been for several years a Trustee, and had proved himself a painstaking and conscientious member.
" Enclosed is a statement of the expenditure for the school-year; also a memorandum of
the value of school properties.
" I have, etc.,
" C. W. Murray,
"Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
" To S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
'Annual Report of the Vancouver City Board of School Trustees for the year
ending June 30th,  1898.
" Expenditures.
Amount paid for
Teachers' Sal-
$38,274
Amount paid for
Incidental Expenses.
$1,326.89
Amount paid for
School Sites,
construction of
School Buildings,
&c.
$57,007.89
Amount paid for
Furniture and
Repairs.
Amount paid for
other purposes.
$10,337.38
Total.
$106,946.16 1260
Public Schools Report.
1898
'School Property.
Names of School Buildings.
Mt. Pleasant, new (addition 1897)
// old	
East (addition 1897)  	
West (addition 1897)   	
/;       old	
High	
Central   	
Fairview	
"September 21st, 1898.
s
o
o
QJ
A  be
cS
o a
r^
a
O ^3
,0
CD   B
a
-2-°
s «
*4-l
o
k"
1892
Brick
16
1888
Wood
3
1890
Brick
16
1892
Brick
16
1888
Wood
3
1892
Brick
8
1889
Brick
8
1895
Wood
4
400 x 264 feet
175 x150
800 x 264
950x264
264x122
200x250
250 x 265
520 x 264
o
3 .
£ -£ ■
ID ,3
,5   B
© a
13 a "S
ti  B
s n
t>£ a
> o
> a
_    ■»
T3       ft
Tj   &0
r^PP
3rH     Q.
© ,—1
CC    O
03    O
B-b^s
J-S
.s-s
•s<n *
£<«
-goo
H
a
a
$2,500
$10,000
$55,000
4,000
2,500
3,150
26,000
50,000
2,925
27,000
55,000
6,000
4,000
2,100
16,000
30,000
2,250
32,000
25,000
900
18,200
3,250
© a5
H
$67,500
6,500
79,150
84,925
10,000
48,100
59,250
22,350
$377,775
" C. W. Murray,
: Secretary, Board of School Trustees."
City of Victoria.
Board of School Trustees.
Charles Hayward, Esq., Chairman,
Mrs. Margaret Jenkins,
Dr. Lewis Hall,
R. B. McMicking, Esq.,
B. Williams, Esq., Secretary.
William Marchant, Esq.,
A. L. Belyea, Esq.,
Mrs. Helen Grant,
"Victoria, December 29th, 1898.
" Sir,—I have herewith the honour to submit the Report of the Board of School Trustees
of Victoria City School District for the year ending 30th June, 1898.
" In July, 1897, the Board appointed Mr. Frank H. Eaton, M. A., of Kentville, N. S., to
the position of City Superintendent of Schools. Since this appointment the experience of the
Board has proved the wisdom of creating the position, as well as the fortunate circumstance of
finding a man whose industry, experience, scholarly attainment and tact has been of the
highest value to the best educational interests of Victoria City.
"At the annual election of trustees in January, 1898, Mrs. Helen M. Grant, Messrs. R.
B. McMicking and A. L. Belyea were re-elected, and Mr. Marchant elected. Early in the
year the High School fee, which had, since January, 1896, been charged pupils of sixteen
years of age and over who attended that institution, was discontinued. In consequence of the
receipt in April, 1898, of a report by the City Superintendent, re the pupil-teacher system,
which had been inaugurated prior to Mr. Eaton's appointment, this Board, after considering
the matter at some length, resolved in June to place the employment of pupil-teachers on the
best possible basis for both the schools and for the pupil-teachers themselves. To this end the
following regulations governing the appointment of pupil-teachers in the Victoria City Schools
were adopted:—
" 1. That the pupil-teacher feature of the City School system be in order (a) to supply in
the public interests a measure of training for the work of teaching, facilities for which are not 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1261
offered by the Provincial authorities; and (6) in order to provide substitute service required
by the unavoidable occasional absence of teachers from their classes.
" 2.  That no one shall become a pupil-teacher except by regular appointment by the Board.
" 3. That possession of a certificate of not lower grade than Second B shall be a condition
of eligibility to appointment as pupil-teacher.
" 4. The training of pupil-teachers shall be carried on under the direction of the City
Superintendent, assisted by the Principals of the Public Schools, and, if necessary, by the
teachers of the High School.
" 5. That the course of training shall consist of (a) Professional Instruction; (b) Observation; (c) Practice in Teaching, and shall extend over a period equivalent to two full terms.
" 6. That pupil-teachers who, during their first term of service, have not shown a reasonable degree of aptitude for teaching shall not be eligible for re-appointment for a second term.
" 7. That two pupil-teachers who, during their first term of service, and in special committee tests set for this purpose, shall appear to have greater competency as teachers than the
other members of their class, may be appointed by the Board to act as substitutes during the
second term whenever the absence of a regular teacher from duty may require such services.
" 8. Pupil-teachers who have served as such for two full terms, and have given satisfactory
evidence of their fitness to teach, shall be entitled to a diploma, to be issued under the
authority of the Board of Trustees.
"9. The award of the diplomas shall be based in part upon the general record of the
pupil-teachers during the whole period of their service, and in part upon special examinations
and test lessons to be assigned for this purpose at or near the close of the second term.
" 10. The City Superintendent, together with two other persons to be nominated by the
Board, shall constitute a Board of Examiners of pupil-teachers.
"11. Except when otherwise directed by the City Superintendent, pupil-teachers shall
be in daily attendance during school hours at the Public Schools to which they have been
respectively assigned in their appointment by the Board, and shall perform such duties
connected with the work of such schools as may designated by the respective Principals
thereof, subject to the approval of the City Superintendent.
"12. The two pupil-teachers who have been appointed to act as substitutes under the
foregoing provisions shall each be paid a salary of $10.00 per month, such salary to continue
not longer than the end of the term for which they have been so appointed.
" During the past year the Board has been called together for the dispatch of business
twenty-four times.
" The expenditure for the year (30th June, 1897, to 30th June, 1898,) was as follows,
the accounts being paid as hitherto by drafts on the City Treasurer:—
Expenses of maintenance,—
Janitors $2,520 00
Fuel       757 50
Board expenses    1,315  70
Printing and advertising         26 38
Furniture       953 73
Supplies       315 20
Miscellaneous       336  80
Fire insurance       660 42
 $ 6,885 73
Construction and repairs to school buildings       1,096  94
Teachers' salaries       37,334  16
Interest on Educational Loan, 1894, for year ending 31st
December, 1897       3,825 00
Sinking Fund n „ ,i 577 00
Total outlay $49,918 83
" I have the honour to be,
"Sir,
"Your obedient Servant,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., " B. Williams,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B.C. "Secretary." 1262
Public Schools Report.
1898
"Annual Report of the Victoria City Board of School Trustees for the Year
ending June 30th, 1898.
' Expenditures.
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
7,334 16
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses.
5,932 00
Amount paid for
School sites,
construction of
School Buildings,
&o.
Nil.
Amount paid
for Furniture
and Repairs.
$2,050 67
Amount paid for other
purposes.
$4,402 00
(Sinking fund and interest on Educational
Loan.)
Total.
$49,718 83
'School Property.
3
O  u
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u
[ue
nitu
tus.
©rg
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g.!f
T3
CD
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o
cS   ^   cS
ca a
ri 2
Names of School Buildings.
-^
C8
© a
02  «2
>Z   cS
t3 W)
[>   .r-
E
■a
©   r-4
©,—1
+J
--=■   O   =3
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-3
11
cs £
■H a a
.§"§
.N
"3 "3
1875
1882
o
£   60
<
-gCO   cS
IS00
H
$90,000
■goa
o  ^
H
Brick
II
-22
7J acres.
$5,500
$65,000
High	
$160,500
Girls' (wing added 1888)....
1885
"
Pemberton Gymnasium   ....
1894
•>
.
South Park 	
1894
11
9
150x213 feet,
2,250
9,000
33,500
44,750
North Ward	
1894
1883
Wood
11
3
2 acres 	
120x120 feet.
2,750
750
14,000
3,000
33,500
4,500
50,250
8,250
James Bay (addition 1889)  .
Hillside Ward  	
1884
1886
It
3
2
100x133   „
120x120    „
750
500
2,900
2,300
5,000
3,200
8,650
Rock Bay Ward	
6,000
Spring Ridge Ward, '89, '93.
1887
II
4
135x119    i,
1,000
2,600
5,250
8,850
Victoria West,          '89, '95.
1888
»
5
1 acre 	
1,250
3,000
6,000
10,250
Baptist Mission House	
rented
II
1
250
250
$15,000
$126,800
$155,950
$297,750
" Victoria, 15th July, 1898."
" B. Williams,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1263
SPECIAL REPORTS ON SCHOOLS.
In order to give statistical information on the schools in a form that will be most readily
understood, it has been deemed best to furnish special reports in the following- order:—
A.—High Schools.
B.—Graded Schools.
C. —Rural Schools.
A.
Special Reports on High Schools.
Nanaimo High School.
Principal, Walter Hunter, B. A., B. C. L.
Salary, $120 per month.
Examined, May 30th, 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 77.
Average monthly attendance, 50.
Average actual daily attendance, 40.68.
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
6
8
9
13
17
18
16
14
19
36
29
27
32
6
13
16
17
20
19
21
25
29
34
29
26
45
12
21
25
30
37
37
37
39
48
70
58
53
77
11.52
14.15
15.86
17.57
21.99
19.94
20.02
23.37
34.50
41.56
32.02
33.74
40.68
James A. W. Bell
James Galloway	
James Galloway	
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
James A. W. Bell.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
James Galloway.
James Galloway.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
ChristinaAgnes Duncan
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Arthur David Morgan
John T. Lukey.
Arthur David Morgan.
1894-95
1895-96
1896-97
1897-98
Watson Dykes.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1898, Watson Dykes, having obtained the highest
number of marks, was awarded the silver medal presented by His Excellency the Governor-
General for competition among the pupils of this school. 1264
Public Schools Report.
1898
New Westminster High School.
Principal, Hector H. Stramberg, B. A.
Salary, $108 per month.
Assistant, Miss Mary B. Miller, B. A., until June 30th, 1898; present Assistant, Richard
J. Clark, M. A.
Salary, $80 per month.
Examined, May 30th, 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 72.
Average monthly attendance, 47.
Average daily attendance, 36.76.
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood at the head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also sdven.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
21
20
16
20
17
25
27
32
36
49
48
48
55
33
19
25
22
28
16
22
24
29
31
34
37
39
39
39
40
40
38
48
33
47
51
61
67
83
85
87
94
72
21.77
25.00
19.25
22.75
20.86
24.96
27.50
46.51
42.62
44.63
51.01
56.61
50.36
36.76
Thomas R. E. Mclnnes.
Bertha Grant .........
Richard McBride	
James Rankin	
James Rankin	
Arthur M. Whiteside ..
Frederic Wm. Howay.
Richard McBride.
James Rankin.
James Rankin.
Margaret F. Homer.
Margaret F. Homer.
Arthur M. Whiteside.
Mabel Lucy Calhoun.
Leonora E. Hughes.
1892-93
1893-94
1894-95
1895-96
John A. Rowe.
1896-97
George Howison.
Katharine N. Fraser.
1897-98
At the Midsummer Examination, 1898, Miss Katharine N. Eraser was awarded the Silver
Medal presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of
this school.
Vancouver High School.
Principal, Alexander Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $135 per month.
1st Assistant, James C. Shaw, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
2nd Assistant, G. E. Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
3rd Assistant, J. H. Kerr, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
4th Assistant, J. K. Henry, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, May 31st, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 156.
Average monthly attendance, 107.
Average actual daily attendance, 94.35. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1265
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer Examinations held
since its commencement are also given.
Head of School.
Males
Females
Total
Average
daily
Year.
attendance
Midsummer.
1889-90
10
21
31
24.67
Catherine A. Barnes.
1890-91
13
29
42
24.36
Florence E. Morrison.
1891-92
18
54
72
42.87
Florence E. Morrison.
1892-93
31
65
90
64.34
Ellen C. Bennett.
1893-94
52
92
144
92.77
Henry Percy De Pencier.
1894-95
58
101
159
108.44
Henry Allen McTaggart.
1S95-96
55
79
134
87.74
Lome Greenfield MacHafHe.
1896-97
55
98
153
88.73
Alexander Bruce Gordon.
1897-98
55
101
156
94.35
Annie W. McQueen.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1898, Miss Annie W. McQueen was awarded the Silver
Medal presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of
this school.
Victoria High School.
Principal, Edward B. Paul, M.A.
Salary, $110 per month.
1st Assistant, Albert J. Pineo, M.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
2nd Assistant, Ernest H. Russell, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss R. Watson, B.A.
Salary, $75 per month.
Examined, May 31st, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 154.
Average monthly attendance, 117.
Average actual daily attendance. 104.65.
Erom the following tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment,
an accurate idea of the number of pupils who have therein received instruction in the different
branches of a higher education may be obtained. 1266
Public Schools Report.
1898
The names of those who stood  head of  the school at
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
the Midsummer and Christmas
Head of School.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
Year.
attendance
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1876-77
43
17
60
49.00
John C. Newbury	
John C. Newbury.
1877-78
47
14
61
50.15
Thomas Baker	
No examination.
1878-79
54
51
22
31
76
82
43.62
54.69
Herbert C. Carey.
Charles Hayward.
1879-80
Herbert C. Carey	
1880-81
37
39
76
52.75
Charles Hayward	
J. R. Carmichael.
1881-82
39
35
74
45.07
Charles Gardiner	
Wm. W. Halliday.
1882-83
34
27
61
38.00
R. Clayton Fawcett....
Samuel Schultz.
1883-84
45
39
84
56.63
Christina Forrest	
Christina Forrest.
1884-85
37
57
94
56.34
Abbie F. Gardiner	
Abbie F. Gardiner.
1885-86
47
58
105
64.27
W. F. Carey Pope	
John C. Boyd.
1886-87
44
63
107
69.87
Arthur E. Haynes	
Arthur E. Haynes.
1887-88
49
71
120
67.00
Francis B. Gibbs    	
Francis B. Gibbs.
1888-89
57
67
124
74.08
Jeannette Mebius	
Jeannette Mebius.
1889-90
59
70
129
78.39
Ernest Arthur Powell..
Ernest Arthur Powell.
1890-91
55
59
58
78
71
83
73
81
126
142
131
159
82.67
95.13
82.69
121.60
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Edith M. S. Shrapnel.
1894-95
96
80
105
101
201
181
130.28
111.50
1895-96
Leonard Spragge.
1896-97
74
87
161
106.85
Nellie Evelyn Marchant
Dorothy Allison.
1897-98
58
96
154
104.65
The Silver Medal, annually donated by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school, was awarded to Miss Dorothy Allison at the Midsummer
Examination, 1898.
HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATES.
By a regulation of the Council of Public Instruction, pupils who have attended a High
School for not less than two years can obtain a Diploma or Certificate of Standing by undergoing the annual Departmental Examination, provided marks obtained are at least 30 per
cent, in each subject.
This Diploma is granted only when the pupil is leaving the school, and may be considered
equivalent to a Certificate of Graduation.
In accordance with the above regulation, Diplomas were issued to the following in June,
1898:—
New Westminster High School.
Katharine N. Fraser,
John Martin,
Edwin H. McEwen,
Ada B. King,
Ella K. Pringle,
Charles A. Clarke.
Victoria High School.
Nellie E. Marchant,
Dorothy Allison,
Lily Haynes.
Arthur B. Netherby,
Margaret Johnson, 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
1267
B.
SPECIAL REPORTS ON GRADED SCHOOLS.
The following Graded and Ward Schools were in operation during the Year :
Schools.
Number
of grades.
Percentage
of regular
attendance.
3
4
3
2
10
1
1
4
6
7
3
2
3
7
3
4
10
14
13
10
4
4
8
S
11
9
6
2
8
69.79
58.04
70.08
57.82
68.06
/;         North Ward	
79.01
/;          South Ward	
78.40
Nelson	
59.79
62.22
63.30
a                 Sapperton	
65.36
63.13
Northfield   	
48.87
57.02
Trail	
51.50
62.27
ti            East	
65.11
70.89
„            West ,	
73.07
a            Mt. Pleasant   	
68.35
72.13
49.95
69.91
73.39
a        North Ward	
76.23
74.37
„        West	
67.65
a        Spring Ridge  	
72.47
Wellington	
62.55 1268 Public Schools Report. 1898
Chilliwhack.
Principal, Robert H. Cairns.
Salary, $73.25 per month.
Assistant, Miss Ada M. Templer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss H. E. Melhuish.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September and November, 1897.
Examined, April 28th and 29th, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 64 boys, 65 girls; total, 129.
Average monthly attendance, 109.
Average actual daily attendance, 90.03.
Expenditure, $1,799.
At central examination held on April  28th and 29th, 1898, the following pupils of this
school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Wallace J. Prowse, Alexander Chadsey,
Edith L. Mellard, James H. Hardy,
Arthur C. Henderson, Wilfred Kipp.
Kamloops.
Principal, E. Stuart Wood.
Salary, $80.75 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Emily Beattie.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss A. M. Newsom.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss M. E. Norris.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September, 1897 ; March, 1898.
Examined, March 21st and 22nd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 120 boys, 82 girls; total, 202.
Average monthly attendance, 139.
Average actual daily attendance, 117.26.
Expenditure, $2,971.
At central examination held on March 21st and 22nd, 1898, the following pupils of this
school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
John A. Munro, George Wilson.
Kaslo.
Principal, James Hislop.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss I. McTaggart.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss B. Moore.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October, 1897; January, May, and June, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 83 boys, 74 girls,; total, 157.
Average monthly attendance, 146.
Average actual daily attendance, 110.04.
Expenditure, $1,619. 62 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                       1269
Mission.
Principal, J. D. MacLean.
Salary, $73.25 per month.
Assistant, Miss M. Abercrombie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September and November, 1897
; February, 1898.
Examined, April 26th and 27th, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 44 boys, 52 girls
; total, 96.
Average monthly attendance, 66.
Average actual daily attendance, 55.51.
Expenditure, $1,594.
At central examination held on April 26tl
and 27th, 1898, the following pupils of this
school passed the standard required for admission to
a High School:—
Mabel H. Turner,
Aja A. Lane.
Nanaimo.
Central School.
Principal, John Shaw.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, James A. Galloway.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss L. A. Mebius.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss F. E. Hartt.
Salary, $65 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss M. P. Haarer.
Salary, $60 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss S. F. Muir.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss M. G. Dobeson.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss S. Marshall.
Salary, $55 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss M. Woodman.
Salary, $50 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss N. Donaldson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 807.
Average monthly attendance, 649.
Average actual daily attendance, 549.26.
At special examination beld on December
8th,
1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Evelyn Akenhead,
Herbert H. Hodgson,
Ivy M. Baker,
Harold  L. Johnston,
Mary A. Craig,
James St. Clair Leisk,
Mary O. Dawson,
Thomas O'Connell,
John H. Dick,
James A. Smilley,
Frank W.
Teague.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School: —
Rosannah Wall,
Alfred Escott,
Mary G. Tully,
Harry R. Bray,
May B. Grant,
Agnes M. Quennell,
Janet H. Frame,
Lulu J. Brunton,
Archibald Galloway,
Ellen G. Ferguson,
Charles A. Goodwin,
John C. Morrison. 1270 Public Schools Report. 1898
North  Ward School.
Teacher,  Miss M.  C.  Edwards,  until August 31st,  1898; present teacher, Miss Isabel
Bennie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August and November, 1897 ; January, February, May and June, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 67.
Average monthly attendance, 65.
Average actual daily attendance, 52.94.
South  Ward School.
Teacher, Miss E. LeFeuvre.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August, October and November, 1897 ; January, February, May and June, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 85.
Average monthly attendance, 80.
Average actual daily attendance, 66.64.
Nelson.
Principal, John R. Green, until August 31st, 1898; present Principal, J. H. Soady, B.A.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
1st  Assistant,   Miss  N.  Delmage,  until October 31st, 1898 ; present 1st Assistant, Mrs.
W. Pearcy, B. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss A. Rath, until June 30th, 1898; present 2nd Assistant, Miss N.
Delmage.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss N. O'Reilly.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October, 1897; January, February, April and May, 1898.
Examined, April 18th and 19th, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 161 boys, 139 girls; total, 300.
Average monthly attendance, 229.
Average actual daily attendance, 179.39.
Expenditure, $2,469.
At central examination held on April 18th and 19th, 1898, Master Frederick W. Barton,
a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
New Westminster.
Boys' School.
Principal, William C. Coatham.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, J. D. Buchanan.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd  Assistant,   R.   S.   Sherman,   until   March,   1898 ;   present   2nd Assistant,  W.  J
Cunningham.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, D. J. Welsh.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Archena J. McDougall.
Salary, $52.50 per month. 62 Vict.                                   Public Schools Report.                                         1271
5th Assistant, Miss Mary S. Brown, until December 31st,  1897 ; present 5th Assistant,
Miss M. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 337.
Average monthly attendance, 259.
Average actual daily attendance. 209.71.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
John E. Brown,                                 Wesley Dillabough,
Kenneth Brown,                                  Alexander Sivewright,
Clarence Kennedy,                              Frederick Welch,
Robert B. Brown.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
George Elley,                                       William I. Reid,
William E. Banton,                            Francis Trapp,
Albert S. Saunders,                           Charles W. Fisher,
Henry W. Swain,                              Frederic E. Jones,
John McRae.
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Ellen Rogers.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Edith E. Robinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Blanche Millard.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Leonora E. Hughes.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Margaret F. Homer, until June 30th, 1898; present 4th Assistant,
Miss Mary S. Homer.
Salary, $52.50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Mary S. Homer, until June 30th, 1898; present 5th Assistant, Miss
Margaret F. Homer.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Jean Patterson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 369.
Average monthly attendance, 290.
Average actual daily attendance, 233.61.
At special examination, held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Nella A. Corbould,                            Ella Johnston.
At the midsummer examination,  1898, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Mary H. L. Biladeau,                       Lila A. Leamy,
Constance G. Granger,                      Edna Milligan,
Laura K. Lewis,                                Helen E. Kelly,
Margaret Archibald,                         Violet W. DeBeck,
Helen G. Moffatt.
1 1272 Public Schools Report. 1898
Sapperton School.
Principal, Norton Strople.
Salary, $69 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss I. S. Dixon.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss M. V. Wood.
Salary, $45 per month.
Examined June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 123.
Average monthly attendance, 98.
Average actual daily attendance, 80.40.
Westside School.
Teacher, Robert J. Hall.
Salary, $68 per month.
Assistant, Mrs. Annie C. McDonald.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September and November, 1897.
January and March, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 124.
Average monthly attendance, 93.
Average actual daily attendance, 78.29.
Northfield.
Principal, James E. Norcross.
Salary, $76 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss K. C. Smith.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss J. Ramsay.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September, October, November, 1897;
January and April, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 108 boys, 97 girls; total, 205.
Average monthly attendance, 128.
Average actual daily attendance, 100.20.
Expenditure, $2,334.
Rossland.
Principal, W. A. Blair.
Salary, $75 per month.
1st Assistant, J. J. Miller, B. Sc, until June 30th, 1898; present 1st Assistant, Miss J.
McQueen.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss M. L. Moffatt.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss J. McQueen, June 30th, 1898; present 3rd Assistant, Miss M. M.
Burns.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss M. M. R. Walker.
Salary, $50 per month. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1273
5th Assistant, Miss L. R. Renwick.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Alice Noble.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October, 1897; January, April and May, 1898.
Examined, April 21st and 22nd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 232 boys, 239 girls; total, 471.
Average monthly attendance, 344.
Average actual daily attendance, 268.57.
Expenditure, $4,744.20.
At the central examination held on April  21st and 22nd, 1898, the following pupils of
this school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Evan J. Hughes, Elvira Guidotti,
Florence Pound, Mabel Lockhart,
Herbert G. Wright.
Trail.
Principal, D. J. Dewar, until October, 1898; present Principal, R. E. Estabrooks.
Salary, $65 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss M. G. Bunting.
Salary, $55 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss B. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October, 1897; January, April and June, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 100 boys, 106 girls; total, 206.
Average monthly attendance, 134.
Average actual daily attendance, 106.10.
Expenditure, $2,158.36.
Union Mines.
Principal, John B. Bennett.
Salary, $76 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss L. L. Nickerson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss M. B. Webster.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss E. Milligan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September, 1897; March, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 121 boys, 123 girls; total, 244.
Average monthly attendance, 189.
Average actual daily attendance, 151.94.
Expenditure, 3,004. 1274 Public Schools Report. 1898
Vancouver.
Central School.
Principal, Robert Fraser.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, David M. Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, A. Gilchrist.
Salary, $70 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Rachel M. Macfarlane.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Annie L. Buttimer.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss M. E. Spillman, until June 30th, 1898 ; present 5th Assistant, Miss
S. Preston.
Salary, $40 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss J. M. Eldridge, until June 30th, 1898; present 6th Assistant, Miss
Alice Hay.
Salary, $40 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Marion B. Johnstone.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss G. A. Mcintosh, B.A.
Salary, $40 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss Alice Hay, until June 30th, 1898; present 9th Assistant, Miss E.
L. George.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 533.
Average monthly attendance, 420.
Average actual daily attendance, 347.06.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Eva V. A. Cornish, Daisy S. Gothard,
Jessie C. McGregor, Emma S. Snider,
Agnes P. Van Home, Mildred Henderson.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Mabel F. Clark, Bessie Goldstein.
East School.
Principal, Gregory H. Tom.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, James J. Dougan.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Bessie Johnston.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Minna G. McKay.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Amy A. Rhodes.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Marie L. Fletcher.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Catherine A. Barnes.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss L. Edgett.
Salary, $40 per month. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1275
8th Assistant, Miss Anna E. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
9th Assistant, W. H. Brown.
Salary, $40 per month.
10th Assistant, Miss Ethel M. Carter.
Salary, $40 per month.
11th Assistant, Miss Mary I. Fraser.
Salary, $40 per month.
12th Assistant, Miss Laura McNair.
Salary, $40 per month.
13th Assistant, Miss J. Reid.
Salary, $35 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 792.
Average monthly attendance, 685.
Average actual daily attendance, 561.46.
At the special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Aylmer R. Douglas, Alexander McLean,
Julia W. Hancock, Myra McLennan,
William W. McDonald, Muriel McNair.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Evelyn S. Hamilton, Lillian M. Mason,
John Heaps, Donald Woodward,
Thomas E. Price, Gordon S. Cooke,
John H. Calhoun, George A. McDonald,
George A. Davidson, Hugh Lyon,
David H. McLean, Cora B. Edgett.
Mount Pleasant School.
Principal, George W. Jamieson,
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Truman S. Baxter.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, J. S. Gordon, B.A., until June 30th, 1898; present 2nd Assistant, Thomas
Leith.
Salary, $70 per month.
3rd   Assistant, Thomas  Leith, until  June  30th,  1898;   present  3rd  Assistant,  A.  E.
Gordon, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Florence Morrison, until June 30th, 1898;  present 4th Assistant,
A. K. H. Macfarlane, B.A.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss E. C. Bennett, until June 30th, 1898 ; present 5th Assistant, Miss
Florence Morrison.
Salary, $40 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss A. C. McCallum, until June 30th, 1898; present 6th Assistant, Miss
C. E. Bennett.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss U. M. Stitt, until June 30th, 1898; present 7th Assistant, Miss A.
E. McCallum.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss S. Moscrop, until June 30th, 1898; present 8th Assistant, Miss 17.
M. Stitt,
Salary, $40 per month. 1276 Public Schools Report. 1898
9th Assistant, Miss Lizzie Fletcher.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 604.
Average monthly attendance, 486.
Average actual daily attendance, 412.86.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following obtained the percentage
required for admission to a High School :—
Grace Blackburn, Mabel Tidy,
Isabella Rae, Ninyas McGeer,
Charles McKay.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School: —
Ellice May Webber, Ida Irvine,
Joseph H. Foster, Rosanna Revels,
Isabel B. Collier, Harold Burnet,
Markie Burritt.
West School.
Principal, Thomas A. McGarrigle, B. A.,  until May,  1898; present Principal,   Allan   C.
Stewart.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Allan C. Stewart, until May, 1898; present 1st Assistant, J. S. Gordon, B.A.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, J. D. Fraser.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss C. A. M. Bodwell, until June 30th, 1898 ; present 3rd Assistant, H.
A. M. McTaggart.
Salary, $40 per month.
4th  Assistant,   Miss  Mary L.  Harding,  until June 30th,  1898; present 4th Assistant,
Miss C. A. M. Bodwell.
Salary $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss M. McKinnon,  until June 30th,  1898; present 5th Assistant, Miss
Sara Hewton.
Salary, $35 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Mary E. Speirs.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant,  Miss E.  Murray, until June 30th, 1898; present 7th Assistant, Miss M.
K. Edmison, B.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss H. Wintemute, until June 30th, 1898; present 8th Assistant, Miss
E. Murray.
Salary, $50 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss L. Maclaren, until June 30th, 1898; present 9th Assistant, Miss H.
Wintemute.
Salary, $40 per month.
10th Assistant,  Miss   Minnie M.  Macfarlane,   until  June  30th,   1898;   present   10th
Assistant, Miss L. Maclaren.
Salary, $55 per month.
11th Assistant, Thomas E. Knapp, until June 30th, 1898; present 11th Assistant, Miss
M. McKinnon.
Salary, $60 per month.
12th Assistant,  Miss B. Turner,  until June 30th,  1898; present 12th Assistant, Miss
Minnie M. Macfarlane.
Salary, $25 per month. 62 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                       1277
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 732.
Average monthly attendance, 634.
Average actual daily attendance, 534.88.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Percy Burnet,                                       Harry Mclntyre,
Leon Cary,                                            Mary Paull,
Arthur Ceperley,                                 Ella Smith,
Bertha Cassady,                                   Daisy Trythall,
Ethel Feldman,                                    Maud Templeton,
Arthur Godfrey,                                Walter Thicke,
Marion Marsden,                                 Gertrude Maitland,
Alice Gardiner.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School :—
Ethel Harris,                                      Ernest A. Dickie,
Olive S. Preston,                                  William A. Donaldson,
Kate H. McQueen,                              Jennie K. Anstie,
Kathleen L. Bajus,                              Margaret M. Muir,
Edna J. Cook,                                      Dorothy Cattell.
Fairview School.
Principal, George W. McRae.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ethel L. Le Page.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss F. M. Currie.
Salary, $35 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss F. Southcott.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 166.
Average monthly attendance, 134.
Average actual daily attendance, 119.75.
At the midsummer examination,  1898,  the following obtained  the  percentage  required
for admission to a High School:—
Nancy I. Robertson,                          Margaret Elliott.
Vernon.
Principal, R. Sparling.
Salary, $75 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ella Coghlan, until June 30th, 1898; present 1st Assistant, Miss I.
Lyons.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Elizabeth Harding.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss I. Lyons, until June 30th,  1898; present 3rd Assistant, Miss M.
Wolfenden.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August and September, 1897; February, 1898.
Examined, March 31st and April 1st,  1898. 1278 Public Schools Report. 1898
Enrolled during the year, 97 boys, 114 girls; total, 211.
Average monthly attendance, 135.
Average actual daily attendance, 105.40.
Expenditure, $3,002.
At central examination held on March 31st and April 1st, 1898,  the following pupils of
this school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Oscar T. M. Reinhard, Catherine E. McDougald,
Donald McGowen.
Victoria.
Boys' School.
Principal, John D. Gillis.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Joseph F. Sallaway.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, Arthur W. Curry.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Elizabeth E. Sylvester.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
4th Assistant, W. N. Winsby.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant,  Miss Caroline C.  Christie, until February, 1898; present 5th Assistant,
John J. Stephenson.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Edith M. Jesse.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Agnes Nason.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 485.
Average monthly attendance, 386.
Average actual daily attendance, 339.11.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Arthur D. Belyea, Henry J. Hartnell,
William H. Stebbings.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
George G. Lyall, William H. Mansell,
Stanley M. Johnson, William H. Loat,
William H. Halfpenny, George W. Jackson,
Nello B. Smith, Thomas J. Carson,
John B. Hold croft, William G. Lemm.
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Mary Williams.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lizzie A. F. Barron.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Ada Keast.
Salary, $62.50 per month. 62 Vict.                                   Public Schools Report.                                         1279
3rd Assistant, Miss M. Lawson.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Isabel M. F. Barron.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Isabel R. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Edith M. Shrapnel.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Alexandrina Russell.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 487.
Average monthly attendance, 407.
Average actual daily attendance, 357.44.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Grace Atkinson,
Kate Lavender,
Agnes Anderson,
Lydia Nute.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, th
e following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Ethel Bayley,
Rachel V. Sylvester,
Elizabeth H. Bryce,
May E. Renfree,
Kristruna Johnson,
May S. Harlock,
Marie Gibson,
Jennie Malcolm,
Winnifred M. Johnson,
Laura M. Elford,
Florence U. Nicholles,
Annie M. Bigger,
Florence A. Carter,
Catherine M. Lovell,
Joenina S. Johnson,
Hermina E. Wilson,
Sophia F
Hiscocks.
North   Ward School.
Principal, Angus B. McNeil.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Caroline A. Do wier.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, Angus Galbraith.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
3rd Assistant, J. H. Soady, B. A., until
September 30th,  1898; present 3rd Assistant,
John M. Campbell.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Amy Spragge.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Sarah J. Murton, until June 30th 1898; present 5th Assistant, David
S. Tait.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Eliza J. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Jean C. Strachan, until June 30th, 1898; present /th Assistant, Miss
Sarah J. Murton.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss Annie J. Munro, until June 30th, 1898; present 8th Assistant, Miss
Jean C. Strachan.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
4 1280 Public Schools Report. 1898
9th Assistant, Miss M.  Lucas, until June 30th,  1898; present 9th Assistant, Miss. S.
Blackwell.
Salary, $50 per month.
10th Assistant, Miss S. Blackwell, until June 30th,  1898; present 10th Assistant, Miss
M. Lucas.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 640.
Average monthly attendance, 547.
Average actual daily attendance, 487.88.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, Miss Hannah A. Gonnason passed
the standard required for admission to a High School.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Grace G. Dudgeon, William Blake,
Maggie N. McMorran, Agnes E. Dier,
Lily J. Laverock, Ethel M. Mills,
Edgar F. John, Richard R. F. Sewell,    '
Dale S. Ewart, George B. Fulton,
Ethel M. John.
South Park School.
Principal, Miss Agnes D. Cameron.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lizzie Speers.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Sarah A. Robinson.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Margaret G Maclean.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Pauline Frank.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Christina T. Lorimer.
Salary, $50 per month.
6bh Assistant, Miss Frances A. Brown.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Flora C. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss Ellen G. Lawson.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 520.
Average monthly attendance, 436.
Average actual daily attendance, 386.73.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
John H. Browne, Margaret Hart,
Russell Burns, Agnes Clarke,
Edgar McMicking, Elizabeth Heaney,
Donald C. Mackay, Eva Thoburn,
Arthur C. Futcher, Griswold Wilson. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. 1281
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School : —
Fannie Gill C. Pope, Ina M. Redfern,
Gladys M. Cameron, Sarah E. Spencer,
Alexander C. Roberts, Elizabeth Raymond,
Kate E. Redfern, John McD. Lawson,
Sarah E. Seach, Ida P. Goddard,
George S. Brown, Guy T. Temple,
Emma Campbell, Eleanor C. Fawcett,
Herbert C. G. Haynes.
West School.
Principal, Leonard Tait.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Abbie F. Gardiner.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, J. C. Butchart, B.A., until June 30th, 1898 ; present 2nd Assistant, Miss
Lottie M. Powell.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
3rd Assistant, John J.  Stephenson, until February, 1898; present 3rd Assistant, Miss
Caroline C. Christie.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Mabel A. Gaudin.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Grace E. Nisbet.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 301.
Average monthly attendance, 241.
Average actual daily attendance, 203.63.
At special examination held on December 8th, 1897, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Catherine E. Fraser, Amy McKenzie,
Maggie McKay.
At the midsummer examination, 1898, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Lilly E. Russell, Helen E. Sommerville,
Florence Okell, Frederick W. L. Harrap,
Mary M. Tait.
Spring Ridge  Ward School.
Teacher, Mrs. F. E. Taylor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Assistant, Miss Elsie M. Arthur.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September, October, November and December, 1897 ; February, March, April
and May, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 110.
Average monthly attendance, 89.
Average actual daily attendance, 79.72. 1282 Public Schools Report. 1898
Wellington.
Principal, L. J. O'Brien, B.A.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant,  Richard J. Clark, M. A., until June 30th, 1898; present 1st Assistant,
George A. Maudson, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Margaret M. Burns, until June 30th,  1898; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss Lilias M. Edwards.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Lilias M. Edwards, until June 30th,  1898; present 3rd Assistant,
Miss Fanny Uren.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Alice John.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Fanny Uren, until June 30th,  1898; present 5th  Assistant,  Miss
Maude C. Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Mrs. K. Bertiaux.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Addie S. Matheson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August and October, 1897 ; January and May, 1898.
Enrolled during the year, 269 boys, 240 girls; total, 509.
Average monthly attendance, 397.
Average actual daily attendance, 318.39.
Expenditure, $5,570.
At special examination held in Nanaimo on December 8th,  1897,  the  following pupils
obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School :—
Emily Manuell, Lena Pringle,
Lillie Rutherford.
At the midsummer examination, held in Nanaimo on June 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1898, Miss
Lydia Copeland passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
As many omissions have been made from the matter prepared for  this Report, the
foregoing is only a partial report for the year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. D. POPE,
Superintendent of Education.
Note.—The publication of the Twenty-seventh Annual Report on the progress and
condition of the Public Schools for the school-year 1897-98, prepared under the direction of
my predecessor, Dr. S. D. Pope, was not completed until after his retirement from office. The
principal omission is that of Special Reports on Rural Schools, the information contained in
which may be readily secured from Tables A, C, and D, and Appendix B.
Alexander Robinson,
Superintendent of Education.
Education Office,
July 10th, 1899. 6. («.) By whom were the following countries first colonized :—
Cape of Good Hope ? Brazil ?
Philippine Islands ? Iceland 1
(b.) Describe their present inhabitants, stating their chief occupations.
7. Where are the following, and for what are they noted :—
Seoul ? Lassa ?
Vera Cruz? Regina?
Medina ? Luzon 1
Martinique ? Herat ?
Ainsworth 1 Caracas ?
8. (a.) Describe  the  railways  at  present  operating in  British   Columbia,  giving their
termini.
(6.) Locate twelve of the incorporated cities of British Columbia.
9. A  merchantman  leaves  Bilbao  for  Manila,  sailing east, via the Canal.    Name and
describe, briefly, the cities passed en route.
10.  Draw a map of Hindostan, marking clearly :—
(a) The separate States, with their capitals;
(b) The rivers ;
(c) The French and Portuguese possessions.
British History.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Monday, July Ipth ; 9 a. m. to 11 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Give some account of the Druids, their doctrines, festivals, and religious rites.
2. Sketch the careers of
(a) Joan of Arc, (b) Lady Jane Grey.
3. Give the names, descent, and date of accession of the sovereigns of
(a) The House of Lancaster, (b) The Stuart Period.
4. Write a short account of the reign of
(a)  William Rufus, (b) James II.
5. Describe the character of
(a) Oliver Cromwell, (b) Charles I.
6. Give dates and chief provisions of
(a) Act of Settlement, (c)  Statute of Kilkenny,
(b) Bloody Statute, (d) Statute of Treasons,
(e) Declaration of Indulgence.
7. Write a description of the state of society under the early Georges.
8. What were the chief foreign events of the first twenty-five years of the present  reign ?
9. (a.) Give a short outline of the British  Constitution.
(b.) Name the chief prerogatives of the Crown.
10.  Give historic reference of
(a) Carberry Hill, (f) The Mise of Lewes,
(6) John Wilkes, (g)  The Flagellants,
(c) Geo. Wishart, (h)  Jenny Geddes,
(d) The Family Compact, (I) Castlereagh,
(e) The Darien Scheme, (j) Hyder Ali. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report.
Canadian History.     (For all Classes and Grades.)
Thursday, Jidy 7th; 9 a. m. to 11 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Write an account, with dates, of Carrier's voyages and discoveries.
(b.) Classify and describe the tribes of the Huron, Iroquois and Algonquin groups of
Indians.
2. (a.) Give particulars of the founding of Quebec, and sketch, briefly, Champlain's life.
(6.) Give the terms of the treaties of Breda and Utrecht.
3. (a.) Outline the British Plan of Campaign which culminated in the fall of New France.
(b.) Where, when, and under what circumstances did the first Parliament in Canada
meet ?
4. (a.) What was the character of the Maine Boundary dispute, and how was it settled ?
(6.) What war did the Peace of Ghent close, and what were its terms ?
5. Write explanatory notes on :—(1) Crown Reserves.      (2) Clergy Reserves.      (3) The
Canada Company.     (4) The Everlasting Salaries Bill.    (5) Hunters' Lodges.
6. (a.) What were the recommendations of Lord Durham's Report ?
(b.) Show clearly the bearing of the " Tenure of Office " Despatch upon the question
of Responsible Government.
7. (a.) Define the fields of " Dominion," " Provincial," and " Concurrent" jurisdiction.
(b.) What is meant by the " Residuum of Power " ?
8. (a.) Write historical notes on :—Port Royal, York, and Victoria.
(b.) What were the terms of the Hudson's Bay Co's. Charter of  Vancouver Island?
9. (a.) What  were  the circumstances  leading  to  the establishment of   Representative
Government in the Colony of Vancouver Island.
(b.) Give the population of Ontario, British Columbia, and the Dominion.
10. (a.) State the historical facts which led   to  the merging of the Colony of Vancouver
Island into that of British Columbia.
(b.) What were the Terms of Union under which British Columbia entered the Confederation ?
English Grammar.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Monday, July Jpth ; 1:30 p. m. to 4 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Explain the terms used in the classification of the consonants.
(b.)  What is an abstract noun?    Give  three  examples  of such  nouns  derived  from
adjectives.
2. (a.) What is the precise use and force of a, an, and the ?    How are they derived ?
(b.) Give rules for the forming of the plural of nouns ending in a, e, i, o, u, and y.
3. (a.) Name the indefinite pronouns.
(b.) Write a sentence containing is, followed by a personal pronoun of the first person
plural number.
4. (a.) Give examples of adverbs derived from nouns, and from other adverbs,
(b.) Write the plurals of piano, molasses, miasma, alumna, Attorney-General.
5. (a.) Give the rules for forming the degrees of comparison, with examples.
(6.) What are verbal prepositions?    Give examples. 6. (a.) Is the classification of verbs into weak and strong exhaustive ?    Give reasons for
answer.
(b.) Why do some grammarians discard the potential mood ?
7. (a.) State the different meanings and uses of the word but, with examples.
(1>.) Distinguish between the use oi farther and further, latest and last, older and elder,
genii and geniuses.
8. Correct or justify the following : —
(a.) It was not me who he saw.
(b.)  Whom the gods love die young.
(c.)  From whence he comes or where he is going to, are not known.
(d.) The river has overflown its banks.
(e.)  Only sleep, my young friend, in the dark.
9. Analyze the following :—
Even such is time, that takes in trust
Our youth, our joys, our all we have,
And pays us but with age and dust,
Who, in the dark and silent grave,
When we have wandered all our ways,
Shuts up the story of our days;
But from this earth, this grave, this dust,
The Lord shall raise me up, I trust.
10. Parse the italicized words in the preceding question.
Composition.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 6th ; 3 p. m. to Jp.30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
Write a composition on one of the following subjects :--
(a.) The Loss of the Maine.
(b.) Novel Reading.
(c.)  William Ewart Gladstone.
(d.) The Study of Botany.
(«.)   Procrastination.
(/) A Trip to the Klondyke.
(g.) Bicycling.
(h.) The Spirit of Cheerfulness.
(i.) A Storm at Sea.
(j.) " Music hath Charms." 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. ciii.
Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 6th ; 9 a. m. to 11:80 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. («.) Explain clearly the difference between bank discount and true discount, between
ordinary   and   preference   stock,   and   between   a   deferred  annuity  and   a
perpetuity.
(b.) Simplify—
K3i+li)£+i^i^rf-95of58-+^
2. Two sets of men perforin the same amount of  work.    Each man  in  the  first set  is
stronger than each man in the second, in the ratio of 7 to 6 ; the former work 6
days a week for 10 weeks, and the latter 5 days a week for 7 weeks. There are 9
men in the first set; how many are there in the second ?
3. The difference between the simple and compound interests of  a  sum  of money for 3
years at 8 per cent, is $985.60.    What is the sum ?
4. (a.) What is the cube root of 700227072?
(/;.) What is the fourth root of 1575.2961 ?
5. A debt of $5,000 is due in 40 days; $2,000 is paid 15 days before the debt is due J
$1,500 is paid 12 days before the debt is due; when, equitably, should the balance
be paid ?
6. One company guarantees to pay 5 per cent, on shares of $100; another  pays  at  the
rate of 4-| per cent, on shares of $30 each ; the price of the former is $124|, and
of the latter $34 each. (Jive the rates of interest which the shares will return, in
each case.
7. The pressure of wind on a plane surface varies jointly as the area of the  surface and
the square of the wind's velocity. If the pressure on a square foot is 1 lb. when
the wind has a velocity of 15 miles an hour, find the pressure on a square yard
when the wind is moving at 75 miles an hour.
8. The exchange  at Paris upon London  is  25 fr.  70  centimes = £1; the exchange at
Vienna upon Paris is 40J Austrian florins = 20 francs. Find how many florins
should be paid at Vienna for a £50 note.
9. Two trains, whose lengths are 420 feet and 460 feet respectively,  pass each  other  in
30 seconds when moving in the same direction, and in 7Jr seconds when moving in
opposite directions.    Find the rate of each train in miles per hour.
10. What sum of money ought to be paid now in order to receive $365 at the end of each
year for the next three years, allowing compound interest at the rate of 4i per
cent, ?
Mental Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Friday, July 8th ; 9 a. m. to 9:1)5 a. m.    Total marks, 100.
1. If a man take 3 steps in going 10 feet, how many would he take
in going \ of a mile? Ans.
2. A board 5 inches wide contains 5 square feet of lumber: how
long is it ? Ans.
3. If   12  men  can  do  a piece of work in 1 hr. 45 min., how long
will it take 5 men to do the same work ? Ans. 4. Divide $65 among A, B and C, so that as often as A gets $|, B
gets $1 and C $|. Ans. A B C.
5. At what time between 8 and 9 o'clock are the hands of a clock
directly opposite ? Ans	
6. The assessment in a town  is   18  mills  on  the  dollar : for how
much is a man assessed whose taxes are $63 ? Ans	
7. What is the mean proportional between 9 and 81 ? Ans	
8. If timothy seed is worth $5 a bushel (36 lbs.), what will it cost
to sow a field 40 rods long and 24 rods wide, sowing 24 lbs.
on an acre ? Ans	
9. Bought 80 barrels of flour, part at $10 and  the  rest  at  $8  a
barrel;  the  whole  cost  $720:  how  many  barrels  of  each
kind were there ?
Ans at $10 and at
10. In a bicycle race of 5 miles, A gives B 400 yards and C 750
yards start. If their respective speeds be uniform, and as
25 : 24 : 23, in what order will they reach the goal ?
Ans. 1st 2nd 3rd. . .
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Thursday, July 7th; 1:30 p. m. to 3:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Enumerate the chief systems of organs given in elementary text-books.
(b.) Describe the organs of the respiratory system.
2. (a.) Name the bones of the cranium.    Where is the foramen magnum ?    What is its
use ?
(b.) Describe the arrangement which enables us to move the head to the right and left.
3. (a.)  Distinguish between ligaments, tendons, cartilage.     Describe the uses of each.
(b.) Shew by a diagram the relative positions of the clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius,
ulna, biceps muscle.
4. (a.) Plow is the erect posture of the body maintained ?
(b.) Distinguish between voluntary and involuntary muscles.    Give examples of each.
5. (a.) What is the medulla oblongata ?    Where is it situated ?    Why does an animal
generally die when the medulla oblongata is seriously injured ?
(b.) What is the use of valves in veins?    Shew, by means of a diagram, how they are
constructed.
6. (a.) Describe the general form, size, position and structure of the trachea.
(b.) When a limb remains for a long time in one position, it is commonly said  "to go
to sleep."    Describe this condition, and state what causes it,
7. What are the most important uses of the skin,  and  what  are  the  sti uctures  in  the
skin which correspond to these uses ?
8. (a.) Distinguish between inspiration and expiration.    Show how the following move
ments are produced :—sigh, sobbing, laughter, yawning, hiccough.
(b.) Describe briefly the general structure and use of the tongue. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cix.
6. The ends of the frustum of a pyramid are right-angled triangles.    The sides containing
the right angle at one end are 2 feet and 3 feet.    The smallest side of the other
end is 8 feet, and the height of the frustum is 7 feet.    Find its volume.
7. Prove that the difference in area of two concentric circles is  equal to a circle whose
diameter is a chord of the larger circle tangent to the smaller circle.
8. Each of three sides of an enclosure is 325 feet long.    The fourth side is 733 feet long,
and is parallel to one of the other sides.    How many square feet in the enclosure ?
9. By an increase of temperature each dimension of a cube of zinc is increased 3 per cent.
What is the percentage of increase in the volume?
10. The frame of a mirror 36 inches by 24 inches, is of uniform width, and ^-f of the area
of the elass.    What is the width of the frame?
Music.    (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Thursday, July 7th ; 3:30 p. m. to 5.80 p. m.    Total marks, 200.
1. What is meant by the following terms :—
(a) signature,  (b) accidental,  (c) minor third,  (d) dotted crotchet,  (e) triplet ?
2. What terms are used to indicate the pace at which a composition is to be performed ?
3. (a.) What is a Scale?
(b.) How ma.iy kinds are there in common use?
4. Define Sequence, distinguishing bgtween the real and the tonal.
5. (a.) Define Inversion.
(b.) What are the two inversions of the Triad?
6. Name the different classes of musical instruments, and explain the methods by which
each is played.
7. (a.) What is meant by a clef?
(b.) What purpose does it serve ?
8. (a.) Define Thorough-Bass.
(d.) By what other names is it called?
9. Write four bars of some familiar tune in G, and transpose to (a) A, (b) E flat.
10.  (a.) What is a Chromatic Chord?
(b.) Illustrate Chromatic Alteration of Chords.
Drawing.    (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Thursday, July 7th ; 3:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Name and define the different kinds of curves, angles, and right-angled figures.
(b.) Sketch examples of each.
2. (a.) Define ellipse, parabola, hyperbola.
(b.) Show by diagrams how they are described. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
cv.
9.  (a.) What is the cause of the high and (in health) equable temperature of the body ?
(b.) Summarise  the  chief  uses  of  the  blood,   and  distinguish   between   venous   and
arterial blood.
10. (a.) Which of the following foods are most difficult to digest:—roast beef, boiled rice,
roast goose, cheese, roast pork ? State, approximately, the time that each
takes in the process of digestion.
(b.) Describe briefly the effect of alcohol on the system.
Education.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Tuesday, July 5th ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
What are the two faculties whose province is to gather original knowledge?
Name the two kinds of deductive reasoning.
State three principles of the science of education.
Show that attention is indispensable to effective intellectual action.
What is a resuscitated sense-percept ?
Of what qualities does high moral character consist ?
What are the characteristics of a good memory ?
How is each cultivated ?
What is the true object of discipline ?
How can a teacher lead his pupils to self-respect ?
Illustrate the analytic and synthetic methods of teaching reading.
How does the ability to read understanding^ affect other studies ?
Why is English Grammar often studied superficially?
Draw a map showing the conventional symbols used to represent details on  the
land and on the sea.
Write notes on the proper lighting, heating and ventilating of the school-room.
Show the educative value of neatness in the personal appearance of the teacher.
Under our school system, for what position is a woman ineligible?
When and how is a school district created ?    How is the school site selected ?
) " The highest morality shall be inculcated, but no religious dogma nor creed shall
be taught." How can the teacher comply in the best possible manner with
this requirement of the School Act ?
(b.) Discuss one of the following statements :—
" To the public written examinations furnish,  if fairly  held,   an  estimate  of  the
teacher's   ability   and   the   efficiency   of   the   school.    To  judge  a  teacher's
success wholly by examinations is a great educational blunder, but to ignore
them is a greater blunder."—Millar.
" From our psychology it seems plain that, in  true  Kindergarten work, the laws
of early psychical development are closely followed."—McLellan.
" There is one, and but one, fault for which I think children  should  be beaten,
and that is obstinacy or rebellion."—Locke.
1.
a.)
(b.)
2. (
a.)
(b.)
3. (
a.)
(6.)
4.
a.)
(b.)
5.
a.)
(b.)
6.
a.)
'b.)
7. (
a.)
[b.)
8. (
a.)
b.)
9. (
a.)
{?>■)
0. (
a.) cvi. Public Schools Report. 1898
Book-keeping—Single Entry.    (For Second Class, Grades A and B.)
Friday, July 8th; 1:80 p. m. to 3:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define the terms "Single Entry" and "Double entry."
(b.) For what kinds of business are the two systems respectively adapted?
2. Explain what is meant by—
(a.) Protesting a note.
(b.) Registering a wages lien.
(c.) Honouring an acceptance.
(d.) Crossing a cheque.
(e.) Discounting a bill.
3. A tradesman's gross income being given, to what accounts would you refer if anxious
to ascertain his net income ?
4. What is  meant  by the saying that  "Single Entry often helps one on the road to
bankruptcy."    Explain the conditions to which this refers.
5. (a.) When is a note outlawed in the Dominion of Canada?
(b.) If a discrepancy occurs between the words and figures in a cheque, which amount
is payable by the bank ?
(c.)  What are the rights of a third party in a negotiable note?
(d.) Under what conditions can a non-negotiable note be transferred to another?
6. Enter the following transactions in the necessary books, make out a balance sheet and
show net gain or loss :—
Feb. 1.—W. Jones resumes business on this date with the following balances :—
Cash on hand, $3,000.
Cash at bank, $4,000.
Mdse. on hand, $800.
Bills Rec. (C. D. F.'s Jan. 4 for 30 days), $200.
J. Harris owes $500.
Bills Pay. (G. W. Nov. 13 for 90 days, with interest), $500.
Owes Hill & Co. $375.
2.—Bot of White Bros. 50 bbls. pork @ $15, 25 bbls. beef @ $17.25.
3.—Gave Hill ifc Co. cheque on ace, $100.
Sold O. W. James 25 bbls. flour @ $9, 15 bbls. pork @ $16.50.
4.—Deposited cash in bank, $500.
Sold for cash 15 bbls. beef @ $18.75.
5.—Bot of G. J. Marsh on 15-day note 50 bbls. beef @ $17.25.
6— Received cash for note due to-day.
Paid White Bros, cash on ace, $500.
7—Sold R. J. Barton 20 bbls. beef @ $18.50, 25  bbls.  flour @ $9,  and
received cash on ace. for same $300.
8—Received cheque from O. W. James and his note («; 30 days for bal. of ace.
Paid rent and salaries for week,
Value of stock on hand. $1,150. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
Book-keeping—Double Entry.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Friday, July 8th ; 1:80 p. m. to 3:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. State under what circumstances Double Entry entails a large amount of unnecessary
work.    Discuss the advisability of employing any other method.
2. What is meant by " books of original entry " ?    Name those usually employed.
3. When dealing in different commodities, show the difficulty of apportioning the gain and
loss to any branch of your business if Double Entry is not in use.
4. (a.) Explain  the system of accommodation  drafts often  known  by book-keepers as
" kite flying."
(b.) In connection with the above system, how is a retail business sometimes injured
by the wholesale house which supplies them ?
5. " Always fill up and retain your deposit and cheque stubs; by means of them, the loss
of your pass-book can be remedied without recourse to the bank." Explain fully
the above rule, and show that it is true both as to the debtor and the creditor side
of your account.
6. Make the following necessary Journal entries :—
June 1st.—R. Brown buys mdse. from me, value $5,000, but being allowed 2£ %
discount for prompt settlement, pays at once, thus : Cash, $2,000,
returns my promissory note for $1,500, and forwards his acceptance
for $1,375.
July   3rd.—R.   Brown's   note   dishonoured   this   day.      (Paid   in   cash   notarial
charges, $7.50.)
ii     30th.—R. Brown having come to a composition with his creditors, I receive
a first and final dividend of 50 cents on the dollar on my outstanding
account.
7. From  the  following  trial balance make a  complete balance sheet  in tabular form,
showing resources and liabilities, losses and gains, and present worth of J.
Adams: —
$
c.
600
00
15,871
91
9,994
50
775
00
323
75
200
00
620
05
2,083
75
2,854
80
1,062
50
445
00
1
92
16
64
2,000
00
492
19
5,200
00
J. Adams (Cap. ace.
Cash	
Mdse	
H. Stephens	
Fordham & Co	
Wales & Co	
Expense ace	
Bills Payable	
Bills Rec	
Bailey & Banksford.
Suckling & Co	
Interest  	
Discount	
Real estate	
Clark & Sons	
Bank " . . .
5.000
5,530
9,377
1,210
25
968
2,383
2,724
1,200
275
2
3
2,300
300
1,241
c.
00
49
62
00
00
75'
75
50
50
00
17
16
00
00
07
Inventories :
Mdse. ace, stock on hand, $1,420.50.
Expense ace, value of furniture, etc.,       300.00. cviii. Public Schools Report. 1898
Mensuration.    (For Second Class, Grades A and B.)
Saturday, July 9th; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) A building is 32 feet wide, the pitch of the roof is 9 inches to the foot; what is
the length of the rafters ?
(b.)  How many square feet of lumber will cover the gable-ends ?
2. A roller 28 inches in diameter and 10 feet long makes  90  revolutions  in  crossing a
field.    How many acres does it cover in crossing 70 times?
3. The length, breadth and height of a rectangular room are respectively as 7, 6, 5.    The
cost of decorating the walls and ceiling, at 50c. per square yard, is $344.     What
is the area of the floor in square yards ?
4. The scale of a map is —^ of an inch to the mile.    How many square inches  on  the
map would represent a square township containing 256,000 acres ?
5. A ladder 100 feet long stands vertically against a tower.    How much will the ladder
be lowered by drawing it out at the foot horizontally 10 feet from the wall?
6. The length of a rectangular field is to its breadth as 3 to 1.    Another field, 20 yards
longer and 10 yards wider, is larger by  1,700  square  yards.    How many square
yards are there in the former field ?
7. A horse is tied to the outside of, and 20 feet from, the corner of an enclosure 60 feet
square, with a halter 100 feet long.    Plow many square feet can he graze over?
8. Find the circumference of a circle whose area is equal to 3 inches square.
9. Find the whole surface of a hemispherical bowl whose inner diameter is 4 inches and
outer diameter 6 inches.
10. The diameter of the lid of a conical tin vessel is 24 inches; the depth of the vessel is
18 inches. How many square feet of tin are there in the whole surface of the
closed vessel ?
Mensuration.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Saturday, July 9th ; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. A ladder touches a wall at a height of 24 feet.     Revolved  through an angle of 90°, it
touches the wall on the opposite side of the  street at a height of 18 feet.    Find
the length of the ladder and the width of the street.
2. The length  of a  closed  iron  cylinder filled   with  water  is  48  inches.    Its  outside
circumference is 40 inches.    The iron is 1 inch thick.    Find the volume of (a) the
iron, (b) the water.
3. A conical vessel, 6 inches deep and 3 inches across the mouth, is filled to 5 inches with
water.    Find the diameter of the sphere which when dropped into the water will
just fill the vessel.
4. The radius of a circle is J2 inches.    Two parallel straight lines are drawn, each 1
inch from the centre.    Find the area of that part of the circle between the straight
lines.
5. A hole 2 inches square is cut through a solid cylinder at right angles to its axis.    The
radius of the cylinder is  ^2 inches.    What is the volume of the material cut out? 3. Construct an octagon, giving all the steps in the process.
4. (a.) Within a circle of 4 inches diameter inscribe three  equal  circles,   touching each
other and the larger circle.
(b.) Within each of the smaller circles inscribe a quatrefoil.
5. Make any ornamental arrangement your taste may suggest,  basing it on geometrical
forms.
6. Describe the leading characteristics of any one of the following styles of decoration :—
Greek, Roman, Venetian, Moorish, Gothic.
7. Draw in a 5-inch square a. pyramid touching a cube, both standing on a plane surface.
8. Make an outline drawing of a bicycle, filling a half-page of foolscap.
Botany'.    (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Thursday, July 7th; 3:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Explain the  meaning  of   the  terms :—root-stock,   filament,  silique,   raceme, genera,
species, order, aestivation.
2. (a.) Describe, with diagrams, all the parts of a complete flower.
(6.) Name the chief causes of modification, with illustrative examples.
3. (a.) Explain, fully, circulation in plants.
(b.) In the process of living and growing what elementary substances do plants take
from their environment, and what do they return to it ?
4. (a.) What elements are necessary to the production of starch and chlorophyll ?
(b.) Name the classes of Cryptogams, and illustrate in each case by an example.
5. (a.) Distinguish, clearly, between a spore and a seed.
(b.) Define the terms :—fruit, pome, berry, pepo, drupe.    Name an example of each.
6. (a.) Discuss, fully, the subject of phyllotaxis.    Give examples of the various kinds.
(b.) By leaf outlines illustrate the terms : palmate, linear, deltoid, obovate, and crenate.
7. What are the characteristics of :—Iridaceie, Liliacere, Graminese, Labiatss, and Com-
positse ?
8. Classify the following:—dandelion, catnip, redtop, trillium, and crocus.
9. (a.) Compare, fully, the functions of respiration and assimilation.
(b.) Distinguish the carbohydrates from the albuminoids, and indicate their respective
functions in the plant.
10. (a.) Give an explanation of the parts of an ovule and distinguish it from a seed,
(b.) Describe any plant you have botanically examined, and tabulate the results. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxi.
Algebra.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Monday, July 11th ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Explain the terms power, dimension, exponent, homogeneous, trinomial.
(b.) The H. C. F. of two expressions is x- 7, and their L. C. M. is xs - 10cc2 + 1 lx + 70.
One of the expressions is a;'2- 5x - 14.    Find the other.
3 111 3 11
2. (a.) Multiply a* + a'A b* +a±b+ Vs by a* - b2.
(b.) Divide x3 - (a + b + c)x1 + (ab + ac + bc)x - abc by x1 - (a + b)x + ab.
3. Simplify—
(a.) 3x    x— 1
-(x+l)-o-2J
(b.)   a2-2ao + 2i2    a2 - 7a& + 12 J2
a- 2b a - 36
4. Resolve the following expressions into factors :—
(a.) o;8-256.        (b.) 343 +a:3,        (c.) 2(x + y)'2 - l(x + y)(a + b) + 3(a + bf.
5. Find the value of—
(a.)  x - a    x — b a2
 ; when x =	
b a a — b
(b.)   fx-a'Y     x-2a+b a + b
-, when x = -
Cx-a V
x + a-2b' 2
6. Find the value of x and y from the following equations :—
(a.)   3x    2« lx    by
4      3       '36
(6.)   2(2x + 3^/) = 3(2.r - 3y) + 10, 4x - 3y = 4(6?/ - 2a;) + 3.
7. Divide 100 into two parts, such that the square of their difference may  exceed  the
square of twice the less part by 2,000.
8. How many minutes does it want to 4 o'clock, if three-quarters of an hour ago it was
twice as many minutes past 2 o'clock ?
9. A and B lay a wager of 10 shillings : if A loses, he will have as much as B will then
have; if B loses, he will have half of what A   will  then  have.    How much had
each to start with 1
10. If 20 men, 40 women and 50 children received £50 among them for a week's work,
and 2 men receive as much as 3 women or 5 children, what does each woman
receive for a week's work 1
Algebra.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Monday, July 11th; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.    Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Multiply a* - 2a^ + 4a^b% - 8ab + 16a*b* - 326^ by a? + 2b's.
(b.) Prove that an + bn is divisible by a + b when n is odd, but not when n is even. CX11.
Public Schools Report. 1898
2. (a.) Factor x4 - 10x2 + 9, and x4 + x2 + 1.
(6.) Find the product of 5 ^32,   ^48, 2 ^54.
3. (a.) Express the rational quantity 2x in the form of a surd.
(b.) Write the duplicate, sub-duplicate and triplicate ratios of a : b.
4. (a.) Expand (4 +3a;)2 to three terms.
(b.) How is the characteristic of the logarithm of a decimal fraction determined ?
5. Find the equation whose roots are f an(l  - -f,
x + 3    x - 3    2x - 3
6. Solve   - + - = -.
x + 2    x—2      x—1
7. A cask was filled with wine and  water mixed  together  in  the  proportion  of  5:3.
When 16 gallons of the mixture had  been drawn  off and  the  cask  filled  with
water, the proportion became 3 : 5.    How many gallons did the cask hold ?
8. Define Harmonical Progression, and insert 4 harmonic means between 2 and 12.
9. A merchant bought a cask of sherry for £9, and after losing 3 gallons by leakage sold
the rest of the cask at 6 shillings per gallon above cost price, thereby realizing a
profit of 33J °/0 on his whole outlay.    How many gallons did the cask contain?
10. A merchant at the end of the first year had doubled his original stock, the second year
he gained $80 more than the square root of his increased stock, the third year he
cleared half the square of all that he had at the end of the second, and found
himself with $18,240.     How much had he at first?
Geometry.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Tuesday, July 12th; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Write six axioms.
2. From a given point draw a straight line equal to a given straight line.
3. If two angles of a triangle be equal to each other, the  sides also which  subtend  the
equal angles shall be equal to one another.
4. Bisect a given finite straight line.
5. If at a point in a straight line two other straight lines, upon the opposite sides of it,
make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles; then these two
straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line.
6. Any two angles of a triangle are together less than two right angles.
7. Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.
8. If a straight line, falling on two other straight lines, make the exterior angle equal to
the interior and opposite on the same side of the line; or make the two interior
angles on the same side together equal to two right angles ; the two straight lines
shall be parallel to one another.
9. Triangles upon equal bases and between the same parallels are equal to each other.
10. To a given straight line apply a parallelogram which shall be equal to a given triangle,
and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxiii.
Geometry.    (For First Class, Grade B.)
Tuesday, July 12th ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. To describe a square upon a given straight line.
2. If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the square on the whole line is equal
to the squares on the two parts, together with twice the rectangle contained by
the parts.
3. In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles
to the opposite side produced, the square on the side subtending the obtuse angle
is greater than the squares on the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the
rectangle contained by the side on which, when produced, the perpendicular falls,
and the straight line intercepted, without the triangle, between the perpendicular
and the obtuse angle.
4. If any point be taken in the diameter of a circle which is  not  the centre,   of  all  the
straight lines which can be drawn from it to the circumference, the greatest is that
in which the centre is, and the other part of that diameter is the least; and, of the
rest, that which is nearer to the line which passes through the centre is always
greater than one more remote ; and from the same point there can be drawn only
two equal straight lines to the circumference, one on each side of the diameter.
5. If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn
cutting the circle, the angles which this line makes with the line touching the
circle shall be equal to the angles which are in the alternate segments of the circle.
6. About a given circle to circumscribe a triangle equiangular to a given triangle.
7. In a given equilateral and equiangular pentagon to inscribe a circle.
8. If two isosceles triangles are on the same base, the straight line joining their vertices,
or that straight line produced, will bisect the base at right angles.
9. Show that the four triangles into which a parallelogram is divided by its diagonals are
equal in area.
10.  If two circles touch each other, any straight line drawn through the point of contact
will cut off similar segments.
Geometry.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Tuesday, July 12th ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure,  together  with  four  right  angles,
are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.
(b.) All the exterior angles of any rectilineal figure are together equal  to four right
angles.
2. In every triangle, the square on the side subtending an acute  angle is  less than the
squares on the sides containing that angle, by twice the rectangle contained by
either of these sides and the straight line intercepted between the perpendicular
let fall on it from the opposite angle, and the acute angle.
3. To draw a straight line from a given point, either without or  in  the  circumference,
which shall touch a given cirle.
4. In a given circle to inscribe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon. cxiv. Public Schools Report. i898
5. Define (a) Ratio, (b) Proportion, (c) Multiple, (d) Compound Ratio, (e) Ex aequali.
6. To find a mean proportional between two given straight lines.
7. To construct a rectilineal figure equal to one given  rectilineal  figure  and  similar  to
another.
8. Through a given point draw a straight line, such that the perpendiculars  on  it from
two given points may be on opposite sides of it, and equal to each other.
9. If the greater of the acute angles of a right-angled  triangle be  double the other, the
square on the greater side is three times the square on the other.
10. From a given point without a circle, at a distance from the circumference of the circle
not greater than its diameter, draw a straight line to the concave circumference
which shall be bisected by the convex circumference,
Zoology.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Friday, July 8th ; 3:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define biology, abiogenesis, histology, morphology.
(b.) State four properties which distinguish living bodies from others
2. (a.) Describe the functions common to both plants and animals.
(b.) What two functions are special to the animal ?
3. (a.) Distinguish between cartilaginous, osseous and nervous tissues.
(b.) Name the most perfect kinds of internal and external  skeletons.    Describe their
structure and name some of the animals formed on each plan.
4. (a.) Indicate the difficulties which exist in zoological classification.    Whence do these
difficulties chiefly arise ?
(6.)  When are animals said to be homologous ?
5. (a.) Distinguish briefly between class, order, family, genus, species, giving examples of
each.
(b.) Give the general characters of foramenifera.     Distinguish  between  irnperforata
and perforata.
6. Name the characteristic animals of the Palceozoic and Kainozoic periods.    Where, in
Canada, do fossil foramenifera occur?
7. (a.) Describe the characteristics of brachiopoda.    Name and describe any  one of the
species found on the coasts of Canada.
(b.) Classify the sponges.
8. (a.) Describe the general character of the head, thorax, and thoracic legs of insects.
(b.) Write notes on papilio turnus, phryganidce, epeira vulgaris.
9. (a.) Name some common Canadian examples of the order ganoidei.
(b.) Refer the following to their sub-kingdom, order and family :—
elk, mussel, crab, duck, hawk, chimpanzee, worm.
10. Some zoolgists include Quadrumana and Bimana in one order, Primates.    Give reasons
for disputing this classification. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report.
cxix.
Geology.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Saturday, July 9th ; 8:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) What causes produce geological change on the earth's surface ?
(b.) Describe atmospheric and organic agencies.
2. (a.) Name and define some of the terms used to designate the structure and texture of
rock.
(b.) Write notes on edge, dip, strike, dislocation, superposition.
3. (a.) What are trap rocks 1    Name some of their constituents.
(b.) Describe the scenery and soils in the neighbourhood of granite and trap rocks.
4. (a.) Name the causes which have produced metamorphie rock.
(b.) Describe the structure and texture of granite.
5. Classify stratified rocks according to their
(a) fossil contents,
(b) mineral characteristics,
(c) order of superposition.
6. Describe geologically any district of British Columbia with which you are familiar.
7. Discuss the "peat moss" and "drift" theories of the origin of coal.
8. (a.) Under what conditions were the strata of the Oolitic system produced?
(&.) What are the limits of the Tertiary system?    Describe some of the Fauna of this
period.
9. Name and describe the two most useful deposits of the Post-Tertiary system.
10.  In what systems are the following found :—lias, mica schist, pumice, serpentine, mud,
marble, graphite, chalk, ironstone, syenite ?
Practical Mathematics.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 13th ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total, marks, 200.
1. Prove that the Trigonometrical Ratios are always the same for the same angle.
2. From each of two stations east and west of each other,  the altitude  of a  balloon is
observed  to  be  45°,   and  its  bearings to be respectively N.W. and N.E.; if the
stations he one mile apart, determine the height of the balloon.
3. Prove that—
(a.)  cot A. tan A = 1.
(b.)   1 - tan4 B = 2 sec2 B - sec4 B.
(c.)   tan A + tan B ,    ;-,, 5.■;.;
 : = = tan A. tan B.
cot A + cot B
4. Trace the changes in the magnitude of sin A as A diminishes from 90° to 0°.
5. Prove that—
A + 3B + C
(a.) cos B = sin
2
...    .     C-A B + 2C
(b.) sin  —^— =  - cos —— .
(e.) tan A =  - tan ( - A). 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxv.
Astronomy.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July 7th ; 3:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define astronomical latitude and longitude, the zenith, the dip of the horizon, polar
compression, and diurnal aberration.
(&.)  What is the amount of the Earth's curvature in a mile?  What diameter does this
demonstrate our globe to possess ?
2. Describe Galileo's chief discoveries  regarding the planets of the  Solar system,  other
than the Earth.
3. Give some account of the astronomical truths enunciated by Newton.
4. (a.) Give the details of Foucault's memorable pendulum experiment.
(b.) What was demonstrated by the above experiment?
5. (a.) Draw a rough sketch of or describe the Mural Circle,
(b.) For what purpose is it employed ?
(c.) What corrections have to be made to Mural Circle observations?
6. Write short notes on:—Penumbra, Magellanic clouds, nutation, annual parallax of the
fixed stars.
7. (a.) How do optically double stars differ from binary stars'!
(b.)  What are the approximate numbers of each ?
8. (a.) Give a short description of Saturn.
(b.) What is known of the satellites and rings of Saturn?
9. (a.) What is the cause of the scintillation or twinkling of stars?
(b.) Why do planets not scintillate ?
(c.) In what part of the Earth is the phenomen of scintillation hardly noticed?    Why
is this?
10. Write a short account of one of the following :—Halley's, Encke's, or Biela's comets.
Rhetoric.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Friday, July 8th ; 8:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. From what sciences are derived the principles upon which the Rules of Rhetoric are
based ?
2. (a.)  What is the essential characteristic of the Oration?
(b.) In what respects is the Letter akin to the Oration ?
3. Distinguish between satire, humour, and wit, giving an example of each.
4. " Modifiers commonly precede the words they modify."    Give  instances  of  this  rule
and of exceptions to it.
5. Define and exemplify-
(a)
Euphony,
(*)
Cumulative Statements,
(«)
Argumentum
ad hominem,
(d)
Analogy,
Induction. cxvi. Public Schools Report. 1898
6. (a.) Into what classes may Poetry be divided?
(b.) Distinguish between the Ode, the Elegy, and the Sonnet.
7. Give rules, with illustrations, for the use of who, which and that.
8. Write paragraphs illustrating—
(a) Explicit reference,
(b) Parallel construction.
9. Illustrate the difference between grammatical  arrangement  and  rhetorical  arrange
ment, by the use of sentences expressing the same thought.
10.  Write the headings of an article on Patriotism.
Natural Philosophy.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Monday, July 11th ; 1:80 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Determine all the units according to the metrical system.
(b.) Describe experiments to show the porosity of a solid, a liquid, and a gas.
2. (a.) Describe Atwood's  machine,  with diagram,   and  with  it determine the laws of
spaces and velocities for falling bodies.
(b.) A stone is thrown upward with a velocity of 64 feet per second.     When is it 48
feet from the ground, both ascending and descending ?
3 (a.) Describe an experiment determining the velocity of sound in air.    Give formula
for the velocity of sound through air in terms of elasticity and density.
(b.) A stone is dropped into a well, and after 3 seconds is heard  to strike the water.
Find the depth to the surface of the water, the velocity of sound being 1,127
feet per second.
4. (a.) Find the law of increase of pressure at increasing depths below the surface of a
liquid when at rest and acted on only by gravity.
(b.) At what depth in water does the pressure become 15 pounds, a cubic foot of water
weighing 62.5 pounds?
5. (a.) Determine the formula for specific gravities of solids, and describe Nicholson's
Hydrometer.
(b.)  A piece of wood weighs 4 pounds in air, and a piece of lead  weighs  4 pounds in
water.    In  water  both   together   weigh   3   pounds.    What   is   the   specific
gravity of the wood?
6. (a.) Draw vertical sections of a double-barrelled air pump and a single-barrelled air
pump with double action.
(b.)  A thin bottle filled with air is placed in the receiver of an air pump.    When the
gauge  stands at  21   inches,  the bottle  bursts  and the gauge stands at 17
inches.    Compare the volumes of bottle and receiver.
7. (a.) Enunciate Ampere's theory of Magnetism, the laws of magnets and of magnetic
currents.
(b.) Describe the construction of a Leclauche and Gravity cell.    Do they or do they
not polarize ?    Explain.
8. (a.) The trolley current is J Ampere; the total resistance is 1,000 ohms.     What is the
difference in potential between the trolley wire and the rail ?
(b.) The resistance of a copper wire one-fifteenth of an inch in diameter is 10 ohms per
mile. What is the resistance of 15 miles of copper wire one-forty-fifth of an
inch in diameter ? 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxvii.
English Literature.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Saturday, July 9th ; 1:80 p. m. to 3:30 p. in.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.)  Name the various languages from which modern English is derived.
(b.) Give an account of the introduction of the Latin element, and name three words
which have survived in names of places.
2. (a.) Name the earliest prose work in the English language.    Is it extant?
(b.) Give a short account of the historical works of  the  Venerable  Bede  and  King
Alfred.
3. (a.) Name the authors of the earliest versified chronicles of England.
(b.) Describe The Brut.     Who was its author?
4. (a.) Give a brief account of the history of English Literature in the 14th century.
(b.) State the chief facts in the life of Chaucer.
5. Trace the influence of the revival of Greek letters on the literature of the early Tudor
period.
6. (a.) "Shakespeare has very many sides—he is great on every one of them."—Meikel-
john.    Discuss the above statement.
(b.) Name the prose writers contemporary with Shakespeare.
7. (a.) What great prose works do we owe to the troubles of the Commonwealth period?
(b.) Who has been called the "Spenser of Divinity"?
8. In what works are the following characters found :—
(a.) Caleb Balderstone. (f) Uriah Heop.
(b.) Malvolio. (g.) Claude Melnotte.
(c.) Mr. Worldly Wiseman. (h.) Mrs. Poyser.
(d.) Volpone. (i.)  Uncle Tom.
(e.) Ralpho. (j.) Aurora Leigh.
9. Name the author of each of the following works :—
(a.) Modern Painters. (f) Paradise Lost.
(b.) In Memoriam. (g.) Hudibras.
(c.)  Utopia. (A.) Rape of the Lock.
(d.) Othello. (i.)  John Gilpin.
(e.)  The Leviathan. (j ) The Seats of the Mighty.
10.   Name five Canadian authors, stating in what field each was distinguished.
General History.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Saturday, July 9th ; 3:30 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Sketch the history of Spain during the present century.
2. (a.) What circumstances led to the Peninsular War?
(b.) Give dates of the chief battles.
3. Give some account of the conquests and character of Charlemagne.
4. Give a short account of the formation of the German Empire.
5. Sketch the life and career of Gladstone. Public Schools Report. 1898
6. Give a brief outline of the history of the States of Central America.
7. Describe the progress of civilization in the 18th century.
8. Sketch the rise of the Dutch Republic.
9. Give historic reference of
(a) Pultowa, (b) Tiers Etat, (c) Don Carlos,
(d) Moltke, (e) Suwarrow.
10. Describe the Spanish-American War to the present date.
Chemistry.    (For First Class, Grade B.)
Saturday, July 9th; 3:30 p. m. to 5:80 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Explain the meaning of the terminations ous, ic, ide, ite, and ate.
(b.) What are the properties of acids, bases, and salts, and how are they formed?
2. (a.) Given  bone,  earth  and  sulphuric  acid,   describe,   with  chemical equations,  the
preparation of phosphorus.
(b.) Describe the forms of phosphorus and its properties.
3. (a.) Describe fully the composition of lucifer matches, also of safety matches, and the
purpose each ingredient serves.
(b.) What weight of phosphorus can be obtained from  1053 grains of superphosphate
of lime?
4. (a.) Describe   the   structure   of   flame,   and   any   experiments   that   illustrate   the
description.
(b.) Why does the chimney glass,  in a common  coal  oil  lamp,  brighten  the  flame?
Why does a current of air driven into an ordinary candle flame render it less
bright ?
5. (a.) What is the average composition of coal gas ?    How is it formed ?    What are its
impurities, and how are they removed ?
(b.) Describe all the forms of carbon found in nature.
6. (a.) Write out and explain the chemical equations for the action of hydrochloric acid
on marble, and the test for carbonic anhydride.
(b.)  What volume of air is required for the combustion of 66 grains of carbon?
7. (a.) Complete the following equations :—
Si.O„+4 H. F.
Fe.S + H2 S04
CaO + Na2 C03 + H,0
Na2S02 + S
(b.) A substance, upon analysis, yields hydrogen, .83; sodium, 19.17; sulphur, 26.66;
oxygen, 53.33.    What is the substance?
8. (a.) Distinguish  clearly  between   oxygen   and   nitrous  oxide;   nitrogen  and  carbon
dioxide ; phosphine and arsine.
(b.) What weight of calcic carbonate is formed when  the gases  resulting from  the
decomposition   of   100  grains  of oxalic  acid by  sulphuric  acid   are passed
through lime water ? cxx. Public Schools Report. 1898
6. Prove that—
cos (A — B) = cos A. cos B + sin A. cos B.
7. (a.) Find sin 42° 21' 30", having given that sin 42° 21' = .6736577,
sin 42° 22'= .6738727.
(b.) Find the angle whose cosine is —25, having given that .2498167 = cos 75° 32',
.2500984 = cos 75° 31'.
8. A tower stands at the foot of an inclined plane whose inclination to the horizon is 9°;
a line is measured up the incline from the foot of the tower of 100 feet in length.
At the upper extremity of this line the tower subtends an angle of 54°. Find the
height of the tower.
9. Two sides of a triangle are 9 and 7, and the included angle is 38° 56' 32.8" ; find the
base and remaining angles.
L tan 19° 29' = 9.5487471,
L tan 19° 28' = 9.5483452.
10. The distance between two mountain peaks is known to be 4,970 yards and the angle
of elevation of one of them, when seen from the other, is 9° 14'. How much
higher is the first than the second?
sin 9° 14'= .1604555.
Ancient History.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July ll/ih; 1:30 p. m. to 3 p. in.     Total marks, 200.
1. Give a short account of the religion of the Egyptians.
2. (a.)  What was the event known as the Return of the Heracleids?
(b.) When did it take place?
3. Describe the reforms introduced by Lycurgus in Sparta.
4. Sketch the career of Prisistratus.
5. Give a brief account, with dates, of the Messenian Wars.
6. (a.) What do you know of the Etruscans?
(b.) In what way did they influence Roman history?
7. Describe the events which led to the subjugation of Latium.
8. Give a short account of the life and death of Cleopatra.
9. Sketch the reign and character of Constantine.
10. Give historic reference of—
(a) Baal,    (b) Cato Uticencis,    (c) Epidamnus,    (d) Sophronisbe,    (e) Catiline. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxxi.
* Latin.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 13th; 1:30 p. m. to £ P- m-     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Decline through the singular and plural:—fallens imago.
(b.) Define parisyllabic nouns, locatives, and anomalous words.
2. Give the perfect and supine of :—secerno, obruo, fingo, illino, injicio, pello, retundo,
gigno, gero, pario, edo, pasco and ardeo.
3. Give a list of the Latin verbs which have—
(a.) An active form with a passive meaning.
(b.) An active present with a perfect of passive form.
4. Correct the following, giving the grammatical reasons for so doing:—
(a.) Leges obtemperandae sunt.
(b.) Si provincia loqui posset haec verba uteretur.
(c.)  Puderet mihi talia facere.
(d.) Interest patri me diligenter studere linguam Latinam.
(e.) Quam opem tulimus sociis ut ab hostibus non opprimerentur ?
5. Write in Latin the first verse of the National Anthem.
6. Translate—
Talia vociferans gemitu tectum omne replebat;
Quum subitum dictuque oritur mirabile monstrum.
Namque manus inter, mcastorumque ora parentum,
Ecce ! levis suinmo de vertice visus Iuli
Fundere lumen apex, tactuque innoxia molles
Lambere flamma comas, et circum tempora pasci.
Nos pavidi trepidare metu, crinemque flagrantem
Excutere, et sanctos restinguere fontibus ignes.
At pater Anchises oculos ad sidera lsstus
Extulit, et coclo palmas cum voce tetendit:
Jupiter omnipotens, precibus si flecteris ullis,
Aspice nos; hoc tantum ; et, si pietate meremur,
Da deinde auxilium, pater, atque haec omina firina.
7. Write notes on the following, taken from question 6 :—
(a.)  " inter ora."
(b.)   " levis apex."
(c.) To what do you apply "mollis"?    Give your reasons.
8. Translate—
Festo quid potius die
Neptuni faciam !    Prome reconditum.
Lyde strenua, Csecubum,
Munitaeque adhibe vim sapiential.
Inclinare meridiem
Sentis ;  ac, veluti stet volucris dies,
Parcis deripere horreo
Cessantum Bibuli consulis amphoram ?
Nos cantabimus invicem
Neptunum, et virides Nereidum comas :
Tu curva recines lyra
Latonam, et celeris spicula Cynthise :
Summo carmine, qu» Cnidon
Fulgentesque tenet Cycladas, et Paphon
Junctis visit oloribus :
Dicetur merita Nox quoque nsenia.
9 9.  Write notes on the following, taken from question 8 :—
(a.) die Neptuni—i. e., decimo Calendas  Sextiles.    What day in our year would
this correspond to ?
(b.)   " Bibuli Consulis."    Give the historical reference.    What year was this?
(c.)  " noenia."    Note the probable origin and the varying meanings of this word.
10.  (a.) What varieties of the Asclepiad metre are found in Horace Odes, Book I.?
(b.) One example of the metre known as "Ionic a minore " is found in Book III.
Point it out and explain its structure.
* Candidates will be required to pass an oral examination in this subject on the work prescribed.
* French.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July llflh ; 9 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define the use of the following :—apostrophe, diasresis, cedilla, accents.
(b.) Distinguish the letters of the alphabet which are feminine,  and put the definite
article before haine, houx, hannelou, hache.
2. (a.) Give rules for the formation of the plural.
(b.) Write and give the meaning of the two plurals of a'ieul, del, mil, travail.
3. (a.)  Give the feminine forms of the following:—complet, supterieur, accusateur, vengeur,
sec, malin, coi, caduc, benin.
(b.) Distinguish between the meaning of il est meilleur, and il est mieux.
4. Give rules for the position of adjectives and adverbs in sentences.    Illustrate.
5. (a.) How is the passive voice formed in French?    Translate they have been seen; Ms
ivriting is not easily read, into French.
(b.) Give the principal parts of oiler, choir, falloir, gesir, p>leuvoir.
6. Translate—
King Henry the Fourth was preparing for war; but nobody knew against whom he
was going to fight. A very inquisitive courtier, finding himself alone with the
king, asked him the name of his enemy. " Can you keep a secret ?" inquired
Henry.     " Certainly, Sire," answered the courtier.     " So can I," said the king.
7. .Translate—
A son approche, les villages furent deserts; les habitants fuyaient de tous cotes.
Charles en usa alors comme a Copenhague; il fit afficher partout qu'il n'etait venu
que pour donner la paix; que tous ceux qui reviendraient chez eux, et qui
payeraient les contributions qu'il ordonnerait, seraient traite's comme ses propres
sujets, et les autres poursuivis sans quartier. Cette declaration d'un prince qu'on
savait n'avoir jamais manque a sa parole fit revenir en foule tous ceux que la peur
avail ecartes. II choisit son camp a Altranstiidt, pres de la campagne de Liitzen,
champ de bataille fameux par la victoire et par la mort de Gustave-Adolphe. II
alia voir la place oil ce grand homme avait ete tue. Quand on l'eut conduit sur le
lieu: "J'ai tache, dit-il, de vivre comme lui; Dieu m'accordera peut-etre un jour
une mort aussi glorieuse." 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
cxxm.
8. Translate—
Justes cieux ! Ainsi done un sujet temeraire
A si peu de respect et de soin de me plaire !
II offense don Diegue, et meprise son roi !
Au milieu de ma cour il me donne la loi!
Qu'il soit brave guerrier, qu'il soit grand capitaine,
Je saurai bien rabattre uue humeur si hautaine :
Fut-il la valeur meme et le dieu des combats,
II verra ce que e'est que de n'obeir pas.
Quoi qu'ait pu meriter une telle insolence,
Je l'ai voulu d'abord trailer sans violence :
Mais, puisqu'il en abuse, allez des aujourd'hui,
Soit qu'il resiste ou non, vous assurer de lui.
9. Translate—
Socrate un )owc faisant batir,
Cbacun censurait son ouvrage :
L'un trouvait les dedans, pour ne lui point mentir,
Indignes d'un tel personnage ;
L'autre blamait la face, et tous etaient d'avis
Que les appartements en etaient trop petits.
Quelle maison pour lui ! l'on y tournait a peine.
Plut au Ciel que de vrais amis,
Telle qu'elle est, dit-il, elle put etre pleine !
Le bon Socrate avait raison
De trouver pour ceux-la trop graude sa maison.
Chacun se d.it ami; mais fou qui s'y repose :
Rien n'est plus commun que le noiu ;
Rien n'est plus rare que la chose.
10.  Parse italicised words in questions 7, 8, 9.
* Candidates will be required to pass an oral examination in this subject on the work prescribed.
Greek.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July llitfi; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
I Questions omitted from this Report for want of Greek type in Government Printing Office.]
VICTORIA, B. C:
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1899.  62 Vict. Public Schools Report.
PART II.
STATISTICAL   RETURNS. 11.
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1898
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pflpaQfiQftQOQHWEHfH 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
IX.
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Public Schools Report.
lix.
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Continued.
School Districts.
Chemainus	
Chemainus Landing
Chilliwhack  ......
Chilliwhack, East ..
Chilliwhack, South.
Clayton 	
Clinton	
Cloverdale	
Colwood	
Commonage	
Comox	
Cortez Island	
Courtenay	
Cowichan	
Craigflower	
Deep Creek	
Delta	
Denman Island ....
Departure Bay ....
Donald	
Douglas	
Ducks	
Dunach	
Dunach, South	
Duncan	
Enderhy	
English	
Esquimalt	
Fairfield	
Fairview	
Ferndale   ........
Field	
Fort Steele 	
Gabriola, North....
Gabriola, South....
Galiano	
Ganges j...
Glenvalley	
Golden	
Goldstream	
Gordon Head ......
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
I GOO 00
600 00
1,719 00
600 00
1,182 00
600 00
702 00
702 00
600 00
150 00
600 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
702 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
702 00
468 23
1,107 38
600 00
480 00
645 00
702 00
600 00
720 00
600 00
486 66
600 00
702 00
898 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
480 00
600 00
702 00
840 00
600 00
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
&c.
8 40 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
60 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
20 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
64 40
40 00
80 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
25 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
$ 640 00
640 00
1,799 00
640 00
1,242 00
640 00
742 00
742 00
640 00
170 00
640 00
640 00
742 00
640 00
742 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
766 40
508 23
1,187 38
640 00
520 00
685 00
742 00
640 00
760 00
625 00
526 66
640 00
742 00
938 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
520 00
640 00
742 00
920 00
640 00
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
: 27 82
25 60
13 94
14 54
16 12
27 82
15 78
16 86
18 82
15 45
18 28
45 71
15 14
32 00
19 52
39 05
21 33
26 66
14 22
9 58
29 89
37 10
35 55
27 36
18 17
15 78
32 00
13 10
28 40
20 25
23 70
37 10
13 02
33 68
40 00
22 85
32 50
25 60
11 07
30 66
32 00
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
43 86
42 68
19 98
23 58
26 50
68 07
26 04
38 80
46 54
18 88
25 21
69 56
24 45
41 80
36 47
54 31
39 07
49 38
22 77
16 88
36 27
69 30
41 91
44 03
22 22
31 36
49 84
21 40
43 58
41 56
39 80
70 19
36 03
62 86
51 03
37 29
60 74
38 25
19 95
49 97
48 19 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lv.
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i lviii.
Public Schools Report.
1898
TABLE D.— Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
School Districts.
Abbotsford	
Aberdeen	
Agassiz	
Ainsworth	
Alberni  	
Aldergrove 	
Aldergrove, South	
Aldergrove, South, West
Anarchist Mountain	
Anniedale	
Armstrong	
Arrowhead	
Ashcroft  ,
Atchelitz	
Barkerville	
Beaver 	
Beaver Point	
Bella Coola	
Belmont	
Big Bar	
Black Mountain	
Boundary Bay	
Boundary Creek	
Bowen Island	
Brandon-SIocan	
Brownsville	
Burgoyne Bay 	
Burnaby	
Burnaby, West	
Burton	
Cache Creek	
Cadboro 	
Camp McKinney	
Camp Slough	
Canoe Creek	
Cascade City	
Cedar Hill	
Cedar, East	
Cedar, North	
Cedar, South	
Centre Road .,	
Cheam	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, including- Rent.
&c.
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
$ 600 00
$ 40 00
$ 640 00
8 23 70
9  63 93
440 00
40 00
480 00
20 00
39 24  .
600 00
40 00
640 00
11 85
24 88
600 00
40 00
640 00
12 30
26 60
1,080 00
80 00
1,160 00
14 87
21 04
600 00
40 00
640 00
29 09
48 52
600 00
40 00
640 00
26 66
55 70
480 00
40 00
520 00
28 88
45 93
660 00
40 00
700 00
26 92
47 10
600 00
40 00
640 00
20 00
58 50
702 00
40 00
742 00
16 86
27 36
136 66
20 00
156 66
10 44
15 74
780 17
60 00
840 17
9 76
21 95
600 00
40 00
640 00
23 70
31 52
1,026 00
280 00
1,306 00
76 82
106 52
600 00
40 00
640 00
23 70
45 39
600 00
40 00
640 00
26 66
45 48
702 00
40 00
742 00
21 82
43 03
, 300 00
40 00
340 00
22 66
38 46
600 00
40 00
640 00
35 55
53 33
400 00
40 00
440 00
22 00
36 78
350 00
350 00
25 00
33 71
702 00
59 50
761 50
23 79
43 48
550 00
40 00
590 00
31 05
53 24
1,000 00
120 00
1,120 00
12 04
17 67
600 00
40 00
640 00
25 60
50 00
645 00
40 00
685 00
21 40
25 90
600 00
40 00
640 00
22 85
39 31
600 00
40 00
640 00
13 33
22 68
600 00
40 00
640 00
20 00
61 47
702 00
40 00
742 00
23 18
40 52
600 00
27 85
627 85
17 96
29 95
150 00
40 00
190 00
12 66
16 93
600 00
40 00
640 00
19 39
35 63
248 38
40 00
288 38
16 96
32 29
550 00
40 00
590 00
42 14
70 91
702 00
40 00
742 00
16 48
27 75
550 00
40 00
590 00
28 09
51 84
600 00
40 00
640 00
14 22
29 31
600 00
40 00
640 00
27 82
45 64
480 00
40 00
520 00
17 33
58 55
600 00
40 00
640 00
22 85
45 03 lx.
Public Schools Report.
1898
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Continued.
School Districts.
Grand Forks ...
Grand Prairie..
Grantham	
Greenwood
Gulfside	
Hall's Prairie ..
Haney 	
Haney, East .
Harewood	
Hat Creek	
Hatzic	
Hernando 	
Highland	
Hope	
Hornby	
Howe Sound ...
Hunting-don .
Illecillewaet ...
Jubilee	
Junction	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kensington ....
Kettle River. . .
Lac la Hache ..
Ladner	
Lake	
Langley	
Langley, East..
Langley Prairie
Lansdowne	
Lillooet	
Lillooet, South
Lochiel	
Lulu	
Lytton	
Malahat	
Maple Bay	
Maple Ridge ...
Mara	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
8 600 00
702 00
600 00
533 92
600 00
600 00
702 00
120 00
1,125 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
660 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
120 00
600 00
2,821 00
1,519 00
702 00
600 00
702 00
702 00
1,182 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
702 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
645 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
1,299 00
608 50
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
&c.
8 60 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
20 00
60 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
150 00
100 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
60 00
52 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
60 00
40 00
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
S 660 00
742 00
640 00
573 92
640 00
640 00
742 00
140 00
1,185 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
160 00
640 00
2,971 00
1,619 00
742 00
640 00
742 00
742 00
1,242 00
751 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
742 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
685 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
1,359 00
648 50
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
l 10 15
39 05
27 82
13 34
30 47
20 64
24 73
10 76
20 08
49 23
35 55
45 71
30 47
16 66
35 55
37 64
29 09
33 68
12 30
18 28
14 70
10 31
16 86
22 85
13 01
67 45
11 18
16 75
16 41
30 47
22 85
43 64
15 45
21 33
45 71
16 70
20 61
21 33
25 60
14 01
28 19
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
8 26 69
101 64
51 36
26 60
46 51
31 49
42 93
14 02
26 66
70 64
67 51
78 81
62 07
30 66
64 97
59 09
57 04
60 26
14 23
39 75
25 33
14 71
34 32
47 -79
25 43
78 27
18 75
35 66
27 92
52 80
46 01
57 03
22 28
34 40
56 43
33 57
33 03
48 89
46 34
23 76
56 68 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lxi.
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Continued.
School Districts.
Maria Slough	
Mayne Island	
Metchosin	
Mission	
Moodyville	
Mountain	
Mt. Lehman	
Mud Bay	
Nakusp    	
Nanaimo	
Nanaimo, North.	
Nanaimo, South ......   .
Nanoose	
Nelson 	
New Denver	
New- Westminster	
Nicola	
Nicola, Lower	
Nicomin, North	
North Arm	
North Bend	
Northfield	
North Thompson	
North Thompson, West.
Notch Hill	
Oak Bay	
Okanagan 	
Okanagan Landing  ...
Okanagan Mission	
Okanagan, South 	
Okanagan, West	
Otter	
Otter Lake..  	
Oyster, North	
Parksville 	
Pavilion	
Pender 	
Penticton	
Pilot Bay	
Port Kells	
Port Moody	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
8 120 00
600 00
600 00
1,479 00
600 00
1,182 00
600 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
2,119 00
555 88
702 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
480 00
2,214 00
702 00
421 17
600 00
570 60
702 00
608 50
643 50
702 00
600 00
600 00
663 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
650 00
663 00
585 30
591 25
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, including Rent
&c.
8 40 00
40 00
115 00
40 00
SO 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
350 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
120 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
52 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
23 63
40 00
40 00
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
8 120 00
640 00
640 00
1,694 00
640 00
1,262 00
640 00
640 00
742 00
7,576 78
640 00
640 00
640 00
2,469 00
595 88
6,424 44
742 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
520 00
2,334 00
742 00
461 17
640 00
622 60
742 00
648 50
683 50
742 00
640 00
640 00
703 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
590 00
686 63
625 30
631 25
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
8 24 00
26 66
27 82
16 60
16 84
13 71
16 41
18 82
14 26
Per capita
14 22
20 64
37 64
8 23
11 03
Per capita
29 68
27 48
26 66
12 54
20 80
11 38
41 22
20 96
35 55
12 45
23 93
30 88
27 34
26 50
53 33
15 60
39 05
25 60
35 55
45 71
33 68
19 66
26 40
24 05
23 37
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
grant.
grant.
50 00
42 95
28 71
27 65
26 98
25 90
38 43
33 34
23 69
27 35
63 87
13 76
25 46
67 29
59 98
61 89
20 67
36 47
23 29
61 52
32 61
58 55
19 12
62 09
73 69
73 33
66 78
73 81
30 96
56 13
47 79 .
61 01
67 08
42 86
45 87
62 37
48 43
38 99 1X11.
Public Schools Keport.
1898
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Continued.
School Districts.
Prairie 	
Prospect	
Puntledge	
Qualicum	
Quamichan	
Quatsino	
Quesnelle  	
Read Island	
Retreat Cove ..
Revelstoke	
Rivers Inlet ...
Rocky Point...
Rosedale	
Rossland 	
Round Prairie .
Saanich, North
Saanich, South
Saanich, West.
Sahtlam	
Salmo	
Salmon Arm ...
Sandon 	
Savona 	
Sea Island	
Serpentine	
Shawnigan ....
Short's Point...
Shuswap	
Sidney	
Silverdale	
Silverton	
Similkameen ..
Simpson	
Somenos 	
Sooke 	
Sooke, East....
Southfield	
Spallumcheen .
Spence's Bridge
Spring Brook ..
Squamish	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
&c.
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
8645 00
8 40 00
8685 00
8 10 70
8 16 24
600 00
40 00
640 00
30 47
50 07
667 58
40 00
707 58
13 60
25 33
600 00
40 00
640 00
25 60
57 19
600 00
40 00
640 00
35 55
59 04
250 00
250 00
15 62
18 31
819 00
40 00
859 00
42 95
73 73
600 00
40 00
640 00
45 71
69 18
400 00
40 00
440 00
29 33
55 90
1,339 60
100 00
1,439 60
10 20
18 94
200 00
600 00
200 00
640 00
22 22
53 33
25 47
40 00
60 77
600 00
40 00
640 00
19 39
30 72
4,322 00
422 20
4,744 20
10 07
17 66
702 00
40 00
742 00
41 22
62 83
702 00
40 00
742 00
20 61
32 62
720 00
40 00
760 00
16 17
31 53
702 00
40 00
742 00
25 58
49 66
480 00
40 00
520 00
40 00
63 56
560 00
40 00
590 00
28 09
71 51
684 80
29 55
714 35
13 73
24 18
600 00
40 00
640 00
9 01
19 23
600 00
40 00
640 00
42 66
66 18
1,182 00
60 00
1,242 00
16 12
25 56
600 00
40 00
640 00
22 85
41 05
600 00
40 00
640 00
2-2 85
39 04
450 00
40 00
490 00
44 54
64 22
702 00
24 50
726 50
36 32
60 14
702 00
40 00
742 00
21 20
37 58
600 00
50 00 ■
650 00
24 07
52 84
422 58
40 00
462 58
23 12
34 99
702 00
40 00
742 00
32 26
64 69
702 00
40 00
742 00
46 37
51 85
600 00
40 00
640 00
30 47
40 99
600 00
40 00
640 00
25 60
50 07
585 30
40 00
625 30
31 26
67 74
600 00
40 00
640 00
9 55
17 40
702 00
40 00
742 00
23 93
37 93
226 78
20 00
246 78
14 51
21 25
600 00
40 00
640 00
35 55
53 33
600 00
30 00
630 00
45 00
60 34 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lxiii.
TABLE D. —Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Continued.
School Districts.
Stave River	
Steveston	
Strawberry Vale ..
Sumas	
Sumas, South....
Sumas, Upper ....
Sunbury	
Surrey Centre
Three Forks	
Tobacco Plains....
Tolmie	
Trail	
Trenant 	
Trout Lake	
Union Mines	
Union Wharf	
Valdez Island	
Vancouver 	
Vancouver, East ..
Vancouver, South .
Vernon	
Vesuvius 	
Vesuvius, North ..
Victoria 	
Wardner	
Waterloo	
Webster's Corners
Wellington 	
Westham	
White Valley	
Whonnock	
Windermere	
Yale	
Ymir    .
Total	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
8590 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
440 00
600 00
600 00
660 00
1,662 00
1,983 36
702 00
400 00
2,804 00
400 00
593 33
585 30
600 00
2,762 00
600 00
600 00
670 00
600 00
480 00
5,150 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
360 00
643 82
520 60
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, in-
eluding Rent,
8221,521 79
.? 40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
80 00
176 00
40 00
40 00
200 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
250 00
40 00
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
420 00
40 00
40 00
17 80
40 00
40 00
40 00
811,838 43
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
8630 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
480 00
640 00
640 00
700 00
1,742 00
2,158 36
742 00
440 00
3,004 00
440 00
683 33
19,827 64
625 30
640 00
3,002 00
640 00
640 00
19,094 78
610 00
640 00
520 00
5,570 00
640 00
742 00
617 80
400 00
683 82
560 60
8233,360 22
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
8 19 68
13 91
21 33
22 85
29 09
22 06
28 47
21 33
24 61
46 66
14 88
10 47
16 78
20 00
12 31
15 17
39 58
Per capita
13 89
18 28
14 22
17 77
20 64
Per capita
26 52
46 71
37 14
10 94
24 61
18 09
21 30
22 22
20 11
10 99
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
dailyattendance.
8 33 36
23 93
40 40
43 68
59 25
46 68
46 27
50 39
62 31
75 26
23 06
20 34
28 60
42 10
19 77
25 20
59 24
grant.
grant.
20 50
40 66
28 48
32 70
33 21
45 52
69 03
58 29
17 49
64 45
30 57
50 68
37 84
29 07
24 15 lxiv. Public Schools Report. 1898
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1897-98.
Concluded.
Education Office.
Salary of Superintendent of Education   S 2,400 00
Do.     Inspector of Schools  1,665 00
Do.              ,,                ,  1,554 00
Do.                ,,                 ii         1,440 00
Do.                ii  1,440 00
Do.     Clerk  912 00
Expenses of Teachers' Examination :—
Examiners, Supervisors, and Travelling Expenses 81,001 60
Stationery, janitors, etc       231 75
  1,233 35
Maps and Globes  924 35
Travelling expenses of Superintendent and Inspectors  2,284 50
Stationery, hire of tables, chairs, &c, for examination of High Schools and Graded Schools  121 45
High School Entrance Certificates and Rolls of Honour   145 00
Pictures of new Parliament Buildings for distribution among the school children of the Province    13S 00
Donation to Provincial Teachers' Institute   25 00
Expenses of Office  113 50
14,396 15
Amount paid for Teachers' Salaries :     168,599 15
Do. Incidental Expenses     11,838 43
Per capita grants to Cities     52,922 64
Total cost of Education Proper 8247,756 37 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxix.
APPENDIX A.
Those holders of First Class Certificates marked with an * are not at present on the staff of
Teachers of this Province.
List of Certificated Teachers.
First Class, Grade A.
*Wilson, David, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1888.
* Anderson, John, B.A., University of New Zealand, 1888.
*McKinnon, Michael, M.A, University of Halifax, 1888.
*Pottmeyer, Henrich, 1888.
Stramberg, Hector M., B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Paul, Edward B., M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1889.
Hunter, Walter, B.A., B.C.L., McGill University, Montreal, 1889.
Landells, Robert, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
*Law, Robert, B.A., Ph.D., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1889.
Henderson, Thomas, M.A., Queen's University, Dublin, 1889.
McGarrigle, Thomas A., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1889.
*Miller, John J., B.Sc, Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
*Cogswell, Oliver H, B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1890.
^Cowperthwaite, Frederick M., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1890.
*Goward, Henry, M.A., London University, England, 1890.
*MacGill, James H., B.A., Trinity College, Toronto, 1890.
Robinson, Alexander, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1890.
*Chambers, Miss Mary M., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
Kerr, John H., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
*McInnes, William W. B., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
McMillan, John, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1891.
Russell, Ernest H, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
*Young, Frederick McB., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
*Burns, William, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1892.
*Lang, Frederic William, B.A., University of Toronto, 1892.
*Roe, Edward Price, B.A., Trinity College, Dublin, 1892.
Schuyler, Hiram Hartley, B.A., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1892.
*Burnett, William Brenton, B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Ellenwood, William Rogers, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1893.
*Fullagar, Lewis Henry, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Henry, Joseph Kaye, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
*Laffere, Richard Lawson, B.A., University of Dublin, 1893.
Moore, Samuel, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1893.
Pineo, Albert J., M.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Robinson, David Magee, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Robinson, George Edward, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Shaw, James Curtis, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
*Turner, Henry Birkett, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Gordon, Robert George, 1893. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Eeport.
lxv.
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M 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. Ixvii.
PART III.
APPENDICES.  lxx.
Public Schools Report.
1898
First Class, Grade A.—Concluded.
*Aiton, William. B.A., Dalhousie University, 1894.
Anderson, David, M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1894.
♦Lawson, John Patton, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1894.
*McKay, John, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1894.
Macfarlane, Andrew Kerr Hastings, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1894.
Muir, John N, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1894.
♦Simpson, John, M.A., University of Toronto, 1894.
*DePencier, Henry Percy, 1894.
Hughes, Miss Leonora Evangeline, 1894.
Moscrop, Miss Susanna, 1894.
Barron, Thomas John, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1895.
McTaggart, Henry Allen, 1895.
Edgett, Miss S. Louise, 1895.
Bennett, Miss Ellen Christine, 1895.
Ashton, John J., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1896.
Clark, Richard J., M.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1896.
*Miller, Miss Mary B., B.A., University of Toronto, 1896.
Mcintosh, Miss Grace A., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1896.
Watson, Miss Rosalind, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1896.
♦Laffere, Henry W. L., 1896.
Cunningham, William J., 1896.
♦Bute-hard, James Cooper, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1897.
Fraser, Miss Annie E., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1897.
♦Foster, Frederick O., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1897.
Cordon, John Simpson, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1897.
♦Jay, Jonathan E., B.A., Sackville College, New Brunswick, 1897.
McMartin, Thomas A., B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1897.
O'Brien, Lewis J., B.A., University of Toronto, 1897.
Soady, John H., B.A., University of Manitoba, 1897.
Bissett, Miss Mary E., B.A., St. Francis Xavier College, Nova Scotia, 1898.
Edmison, Miss Matilda K., B.A., University of Manitoba, 1898.
Pearcy, Mrs. Wilhelmina W, B.A., University of Toronto, 1898.
Wickham, Miss Escotte, B.A., University of Toronto, 1898.
Dove, Alexander J., M.A., University of Manitoba, 1898.
Elliott, Charles G., B.A., University of Manitoba, 1898.
Gordon, Alfred E., B.A., McGill University, 1898.
Maudson, George A., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1898.
Marchant, Miss Nellie E, 1898.
First Class, Grade B.
*McKay, John L,
1888
*Lyche, Mrs. Alice G.,
Sutherland, Daniel W.,
II
II
♦Pickard, Miss Millie,
|,
*Ganton, James B.,
1889
Tomlinson, William,
ti
Smith, John F.,
„
*Netherby, Stephen B.,
Dougan, James,
ii
ii
Wood, Edward S.,
1890
Shaw, John,
II
Sylvester, Miss Elizabeth E.
♦Cowperthwaite, Mrs. K.,
Tom, Gregory H.,
1891
1891 and 1892
Sparling, Robert,
1891
♦Purdy, Raffles A. R.,
*Hawkey, Richard J.,
Jamieson, George W.,
Fraser, Robert,
Cameron, Miss Agnes Deans,
♦Campbell, Eli J.,
Coatham, William Cammish,
Gilchrist, Alexander,
♦Hardie, Mrs. Lucretia,
McRae, George W.,
Murray, Paul,
♦Nicholson, Thomas,
Offerhaus, Mrs. Mary Amelia,
Rogers, Miss Ellen,
♦Sluggett, George Henry,
1891.
1893. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lxxi.
First Class, Grade B.—Concluded.
♦Wood, William Martin,
Norcross, James Edward,
♦Johnston, Robert Cullen,
McNeill, Angus B.,
Buchanan, John Donald,
♦McLeod, James R.,
Galloway, James,
♦Norris, Thomas Alfred,
Baxter, Truman Smith,
Gillis, John D.,
Stewart, Allan C,
Johnston, Miss Bessie W.,
Templer, Miss Ada May,
Shepherd, Samuel,
Hoy, James A.,
Irwin Joseph,
♦Phelps, William U,
Hands, Jonathan Griffith,
♦Taylor, Miss Agnes,
Maclean, Miss Margaret Cassilis,
Leith, Thomas,
Shrapnel, Miss Edith Mary Scrope,
Barton, Heber B.,
Spragge, Miss Amy,
McPherson, Osborne,
McMillan, Michael,
Tait, Leonard,
Curry, Arthur William,
Skinner, Miss Mary Dorothea,
♦Howe, Miss Hattie B.,
Bodwell, Miss Charlotte A. M.,
♦Wheeler, Mrs. Mina,
Bennett, John Bertram,
Matthew, Alfred H. P.,
♦Gordon, Miss Jessie Fisher,
♦Shepard, Frank Elgin,
Brown, Miss Frances Ann,
Laffere, Henry W. L.,
Bovyer, George Mason,
Trembath, Miss Jennie,
♦Byrn, Miss Edith Louisa,
Rowe, John Arthur,
♦Kirkendall, Miss Jessie,
♦Lang, Miss Sarah I.,
Powell, Miss Lottie M.,
♦Munroe, Miss Catherine,
♦Wells, Hulet M.,
Nickerson, Miss Laura L.,
Watson, Frederic J.,
♦Ravey, Martin James,
1893.
1894
1895.
♦King, John William H., 1895.
Beattie, Miss Emily, 1896.
♦Sherman, Ruyter S.,
King, Miss Eliza J.,
♦Morgan, Arthur D.,
Gardiner, Miss Abbie F.,
Barron, Miss Lizzie A. F.,
Harrison, J. Fred'k,
♦Green, John R.,
Dowler, Miss Caroline A.,
Cade, John P.,
Bodwell, Miss Louise H.,
Fraser, Miss Flora C,
Cairns, Robert H.,
Russell, Miss Alexandrina,
♦Gray, Miss Ethel M.,
Winsby, William Norman,
Tait, David S., 1897.
Osborne, Norman A.,
Strickland, Emanuel,
Langsford, William,
♦Blackbourne, Miss Maggie S.,
Clayton, Walter,
Elmsly, Miss Ada B.,
♦Kirkendall, George,
Robinson, Miss Sarah A.,
Speers, Miss Elizabeth M.,
Sullivan, Albert,
♦Templer, Mrs. Jennie,
Williams, Miss Mary,
Bennie, Miss Isabel,' 1898.
Monk, James H ,
Speirs, Miss Mary E.,
Frank, Miss Pauline,
Grant, Miss Lillian M.,
Hall, Robert J.,
Harding, Miss Mary L.,
Hartt, Miss Flora E.,
Lawson, Miss Maria,
LeFeuvre, Miss Eva E,,
LePage, Miss Ethel L.,
Mercer, Thomas C,
Macfarlane, Miss Rachel McK.,
Maclaren, Miss Louise M.,
McTavish, Donald N.,
McTavish, Peter D.,
Pope, Miss S. C. Ruth,
Ramsay, Miss Jennie,
Southcott, Miss Florence,
Strople, Norton,
Bailey, Miss Adelaide S.
Halliday, James A.,
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
McDougall, Miss Archena J. lxxii.                                       Public Schools Report.                                       1898
Second Class, Grade A.
Wheeler, Mrs. Mina,                                  1894.
Lawson, Miss Maria,                                    1895.
Watson, Harvey G.,                                        n
Kirkendall, Miss Lizzie,                               n
Elliott, Dawson H.,
Furness, Miss Katie,                                       u
Lyons, Miss Isabella,                                    n
Barnes, Miss Catherine Ann,                        n
Williams, Miss Mary,                                      n
Hart, Miss Ida,                                              n
Dowler, Miss Caroline A.,                            i.
Strople, Norton,                                             n
Smeeton, William F.,
Elmsly, Miss Ada Byron,                               n
Millard, Miss Blanche L.,
Noble, Miss Alice Louise,                            n
Delmage, Miss Nellie,                                   u
McDowell, Miss Martha,                                n
Allan, Robert H.,                                          n
Hopkins, Nicholas R.,                                   n
Bovyer, George Mason,                                 n
LeFeuvre, Miss Eva Anne,                            n
Harding, Miss Mary Louise,                         n
Shine, Mrs. Alice Grey,                                  n
Templer, Mrs. Jennie,                                   n
Moscrop, John,                                                 n
Dockrill, Miss M. Melrose,
McTavish, Peter D.,                                      ,,
Cairns, Robert H.,                                           n
Mathers, Isaac N,                                           n
Macdonald, Mrs. Ida Maude,                        n
Uren, Miss Fanny,                                           n
Frank, Miss Pauline,                                    i.
Blackbourne, Miss Maggie S.,                      n
Shaw, Mrs. Mabel Wyaston,                         n
Maclaren, Miss Louise M.,                             n
Mebius, Miss Jeannette,                               n
Rhodes, Miss Amy A.,                                  n
Parkinson, Miss Emily,                                    n
Nisbet, Miss Grace Elinor,                            n
Birks, David D.,                                               n
McLennan, Archibald D.,                              u
Magee, Miss Edith Gertrude,                        n
Christie, Miss Caroline C,                          1896.
Howitt, John,                                                   n
Blair, Miss Eliza J.,                                      n
Ramsay, Miss Jennie,                                   n
Robinson, Miss Edith E.,                               n
Dallas, Donald,                                                 >i
Grant, Miss Lillian M.,                                   n
McQueen, Miss Jessie,                                    n
Christie, Miss Isabel R.,                                 11
Reith, William,                                              n
Sullivan, Albert,                                               »
Blackwell, Miss Seraph,                                  n
Menten, Miss Maud L,                                ,i
Walker, Miss Susie,                                         n
Murton, Miss Sarah,                                        n
Carter, Miss Elizabeth Mary,                        n
Campbell, Miss Mary C,                                n
Kermode, Miss Sarah,                                     n
Fletcher, Miss Marie,                                    u
Acheson, William Clinton,                             n
Dawson, Mrs. Eleanor B.,                              n
Mclntyre, Miss Mary C,
Cairnes, John A.,                                                   n
Sloan, Miss Marjorie,                                         n
Truswell, Miss Mary,                                         n
Pope, Miss S. C. Ruth,
Clayton, Walter,                                                  n
McMartin, Miss Jane Sophia,                      ..
Graham, William A.,                                       n
Dalby, Miss Edith M.,
George, Miss Elizabeth L,                           n
Tupper, James F.,                                            n
Gordon, Alexander J.,                                    n
Lewis, Miss Alice Maude,                            n
Homer, Miss Margaret F.,                           m
Winsby, William Norman,                            n
Bovyer, George M.,                                          n
Tingley, Miss Cora,                                          n
Campbell, Ernest,                                             n
Tolmie, John A,,                                            u
Lee, Miss Eleanor A.,                                   n
Waller, Miss Anna Gordon,                         n
Miller, Miss Eva I.,                                       „
Munsie, Miss Minnie Jane,                          n
Hislop, James,                                                  n
Denny, Miss Nora,                                        M
Lorimer, Miss Christina T.,                           11
Cade, John P.,                                                  n
File, Arthur,                                                1897.
Edwards, Miss Carolina M.,                          n
Green, John K.,                                             n
Galbraith, Hector James,                               n
Southcott, Miss Florence,                             n
Kane, Miss Stella,                                         n
Brown, Miss Maimee S.,                               n
McKinnon, Miss Kate M.,                           n
Hall, Robert J.,                                             n
Welsh, Duncan James,                                   n
Webb, Miss Carolina L.,                               n
Miller, Miss Janet,
Shelton, Henry C,                                           n
McLean, John D.,                                         n
Harding, Hrs. J. M. H.,                               ,,
Galbraith, Angus,                                            n
Mebius, Miss Lucy A.,                                  n
Matthew, Alfred H. P.,
Wilson, Thomas A.,                                         n
Spillman, Miss Margaret E.,                        n
Bradley, Robert H.,                                      n
Beattie, Miss Emily,                                  1895.
Patterson, Miss Jean,                                    n 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lxxiii.
Second Class, Grade A.—Concluded.
Woodman, Miss May,
Campbell, John A.,
McTavish, Donald N.,
Moss, Miss Laura,
Cairns, Miss Kate,
Elmsly, Miss Florence N.,
Huggard, Everard,
Beattie, Matthew,
Hartt, Miss Flora E.,
Ogilvie, William P.,
Lawson, Miss Ellen G.,
Mercer, Thomas C,
Smith, Miss Nettie C,
Mercer, Miss Mary E.,
Taylor, Mrs. Frances E.,
Sallaway, Joseph F.,
Thomson, Miss Dorathea M. M.,
May, William H. M.,
Caldwell, Miss Jennie,
Johnston, Miss Alice L.,
McEwen, Edwin H.,
Dykes, Watson,
Kendall, George,
Mebius, Miss Jeannette,
McMahan, Mrs. Emma C,
McDiarmid, Peter A.,
Mclntyre, James A.,
Campbell, Leonard A.,
Dell, Miss Mabel,
Shelton, Henry C,
Lukey, John T.,
Burns, Miss Margaret M.,
Spragge, Miss Phoebe,
Nason, Miss Mary A.,
Colquhoun, Miss Josephine,
King, Miss Edith A.,
Thomas, Miss Catherine J.,
Hall, Robert J.,
Bell, Miss Mary,
Austin, Miss Catherine E.,
Clark, Miss Elizabeth A.,
Lawson, Miss Winnifred,
Bates, John A.,
McCurdy, Miss Katharine E.,
Clark, Edgar F.,
Schwengers, Miss Katharine B.,
Lovering, Henry L.,
Newsom, Miss Annie M.,
Duncan, Miss Rosa,
Preston, Miss Sara,
Monro, Miss Annie J.,
Rath, Miss Annie,
Gaudin, Miss Mabel A.,
Beattie, Miss Florence,
1897.
Hunter, Douglas McD.,
Blackwell, Miss Seraph,
Blair, Wesley A.,
Clement, Samuel B.,
Stevenson, Miss Clarinda E.,
Macfarlane, Miss Minnie J.,
Caspell, Edmund,
McDowell, Miss Mary,
Mclntyre, John,
Fraser, Henry A.,
Sexsmith, Miss Frances L.,
McPhail, Archibald A.,
Turner, George D.,
Tompkins, William L.,
Nason, Miss Mary A.,
Lawson, Miss Winnifred C,
Fraser, Miss Katharine N,
Moore, Charles A.,
Fraser, James D.,
Clark, Angus,
Keast, Miss Ada,
Fletcher, Miss Mary E.,
Fowler, Miss Dora E.,
Page, Philip H.,
Lewis, Miss Edith,
Smith, Miss Mary,
Pullen, Henry F.,
Wardle, Miss Ethel G,
Davidson, Miss Augusta J.,
1898.
Second Class, Grade B.
1896.
Harrap, Miss Eva E.,
Lewis, Miss Linnie,
Fraser, Miss Bessie,
Marshal], Miss Sarah,
Wells, Miss Lilian E.,
Brown, William H.,
Gibbon, Miss Evelyn H.,
McLeod, Norman,
Sinclair, James W.,
Tanner, Miss Rebecca,
Smith, Miss Nettie C,
Blake, Miss Alice E.,
Lougheed, Miss Marietta,
Eckardt, Alfred E.,
Richmond, Charles S.,
Abercrombie, Miss Margaret,
Robertson, Miss Margaret M.,
Lindsay, Malcolm A. F.,
Fletcher, Miss Lizzie,
Northcott, Miss Elizabeth P.,
Robinson, Miss Sarah V.,
Parker, Miss Edith C,
Macfarlane, Miss Edith M.,
Keay, Miss Maud S.,
Campbell, John M.,
1896. lxxiv.
Public Schools Report.
1898
Second Class, Grade B.—Continued.
O'Reilly, Miss Nora,
Robertson, Miss Jessie A.,
Dixon, Miss Isabel S.,
Arthur, Miss Janie,
Lucas, Miss Mary,
Shaw, Alexander,
McKenzie, William A.,
Lukey, John T.,
Trembath, Miss Agnes,
Haarer, Miss Mary P.,
Keast, Miss Ada,
Robertson, Miss Jessie,
Canfield, Francis O.,
Pearce, Miss Emmeline,
MacFarlane, Miss Mabel C.
Brechin, Robert,
Abercrombie, Miss M. Lena
McMillan, Miss Jeannie B.,
Matheson, Donald,
Cathcart, Miss Isabel,
McNair, Miss Laura,
Webster, Miss Margaret B.,
McKenzie, Miss Kate M.,
Kinney, William T.,
Creech, Miss Mary M.,
Fraser, Miss Marguerite A.,
Smith, Miss Katharine C,
Haldon, Miss Alice M.,
Stephenson, John J.,
Hay, Miss Alice,
Richardson, Charles IL,
Loat, Miss Gertrude J.,
Arthur, Miss Elsie M.,
Bunting, Miss Mabel G.,
Howson, Christopher,
Bowman, Miss Clytie L.,
Lauder, Miss Edith M.,
Worlock, Miss Ethel M.,
Hewton, Miss Sarah,
Wright, John,
Coghlan, Miss Ella S.,
Matheson, Miss Addie,
Fraser, Donald A.,
Fraser, Miss Anna E.,
Godson, Miss Mabel,
Paris, James M.,
MacLeod, John A.,
Birnie, Miss Ida E.,
Brandon, John,
Glover, Miss Rose E.,
Dewar, Donald J.,
Lyons, Miss Estella M.,
Stevenson, David E.,
Blair, William,
McGregor, John C,
Murray, Miss Elizabeth,
Ogle, Miss Carrie E.,
1896.
1897
Pringle, Miss Ella K.,
Marshall, Miss Grace H.,
McKay, Miss Minna G.,
McLeod, Malcolm,
Edwards, Miss Lilias M.,
Knapp, Thomas E.,
Bruce, Leslie J.,
Harding, Miss Elizabeth,
Sweeney, Miss Jennie,
Homer, Miss Mary S.,
Strachan, Miss Jane O,
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C,
Lettice, Miss Edith M. N.,
Lister, Miss Ellen,
Teague, Miss Julie A.,
Noble, Miss Clara A.,
Catherwood, John A.,
Parsons, Miss Alice M. M.,
Fraser, Miss Margaret,
Bone, Miss Maude E.,
Duncan, Miss May G.,
Stewart, Miss Ethel,
McMartin, John J.,
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne J.,
Sayer, Miss Elizabeth,
Kidd, Miss Ruby M.,
Walker, Miss Maud M. R,,
Fisher Arthur G,
Allison, Miss Dorothy,
Hall, George W.,
Johnstone, Miss Jean P.,
Godson, Miss Mabel,
Colquhoun, Miss Josephine,
Murray, Miss Marie J.,
Letts, Albert,
Phcenix, Albert E.,
Mclnnes, Miss Phoebe A.,
Melhuish, Miss Hester E.,
Sharpies, Miss Elizabeth J.,
Warren, Miss Clara C,
McQueen, Miss Annie W.,
Millard, Miss Gertrude R.,
Marshall, Miss Sarah,
Perry, George S. B.,
McAlpine, Miss Sarah,
Shannon, Miss Mary J.,
Terrion, Patrick,
White, Charles J.,
Jesse, Miss Edith M.,
McQueen, Miss Jessie,
Thain, Mrs. Annie C,
Glover, Miss Mabel G.,
Fraser, Miss Mary I.,
Lauder, Miss Edith M.,
Milligan, Miss Eliza,
Brechin, Robert,
Graham, Alexander,
1897.
1898. • Victoria South Park School.
62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxix.
Hannah A. Gonnason Victoria North Ward School.
John H. Browne	
Russell Burns	
Edgar McMicking	
Donald C. Mackay	
Arthur C. Futcher	
Margaret Hart	
Agnes Clarke	
Elizabeth Heaney	
Eva Thoburn 	
Griswold Wilson	
Catherine E. Fraser	
Amy McKenzie [-Victoria West School.
Maggie McKay   J
Emily Manuell j
Lena Pringle   ^Wellington School.
Lillie Rutherford j
1,
Midsummer Examinations,  1898.
Nanaimo Central School.
Rosannah Wall, Alfred Escott,
Mary G. Tully, Harry R. Bray,
May B. Grant, Agnes M. Quennell,
Janet H. Frame, Lulu J. Brunton,
Archibald Galloway, Ellen G. Ferguson,
Charles A. Goodwin, John C. Morrison.
New Westminster Boys' School.
George Elley, William I. Reid,
William E. Banton, Francis Trapp,
Albert S. Saunders, Charles W. Fisher,
Henry W. Swain, Frederic E. Jones,
John  McRae.
New   Westminster Girls' School.
Mary H. L. Biladeau, Lila A. Leamy,
Constance G. Granger, Edna Milligan,
Laura K. Lewis, Helen E. Kelly,
Margaret Archibald, Violet W. DeBeck,
Helen G. Moffatt.
Vancouver Central School.
Mabel F. Clark, Bessie Goldstein.
Vancouver East School.
Evelyn S. Hamilton, Lilian M. Mason,
John Heaps, Donald Woodward,
Thomas E. Price, Gordon S. Cooke,
John H. Calhoun, George A. McDonald,
George A. Davidson, Hugh Lyon,
David H. McLean, Cora B. Edgett. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
Second Class, Grade B.—Concluded.
Newland, Miss Catherine A.
Fleming, Miss Pearle W.,
Gaudin, Miss Mabel A.,
Tibbatts, Miss Emilie,
Beath, James,
Currie, Miss Flora M.,
McCallum, Miss Ada E,
Reid, Miss Jemima,
Clement, William J.,
Christensen, Carl M. B.,
Robertson, Miss Jessie,
Blake, Miss Mary J.,
Norris, Miss Marguerite E.,
Brown, Miss Margaret,
Canfield, Francis O.,
Ketcheson, Miss Annie,
Bowman, Miss May,
McFadden, Miss Addie,
Watson, Ralph R.,
Loat, Miss Cora H,
Higginson, Miss Jane E.,
Crandell, Oscar A.,
Ashworth, Livingstone C,
Blake, Miss Mary J.,
Freure, Edward W.,
Crockford, Miss Ethel J.,
Reid, Miss Jemima,
Barron, Miss Isabel McL. F.,
Nason, Miss Roberta F.,
Dyker, Miss Jennie,
Raper, Miss Emily,
Roberts, Miss Emily F.,
Kingston, Miss Emily G,
Doran, Miss Alice,
Moore, Miss Bibianne,
McAlpine, Miss Sarah,
Donaldson, Miss Nellie T,
Knight, Miss Margaret D.,
Bond, Miss Phcebe J.,
Harrison, Miss Alice V.,
Pringle, Miss Ella K ,
Sylvester, Miss Louise M.,
Milligan, Miss Rose A.,
Goostrey, George F.,
Renwick, Miss Lilian R.,
Thornber, Charles L.,
McTaggart, Miss Isabella,
Wolfenden, Miss Mabel,
Carter, Miss Ethel J.,
Johnston, Augustus M.,
Bond, Miss Phoebe J.,
McSween, Peter D.,
McKinnon, Miss Mary,
Couves, Miss Blanche C,
Goostrey, James D.,
Green, Miss Emily M.,
Galbraith, Miss Elizabeth I.,
Dobeson, Miss Mary G.,
Inglis, Miss Jessie M.,
Estabrooks, R. Ernest,
De Bou, Miss Edith S.,
Hopkins, Miss Alice M.,
Browne, Miss Ethel L,
Turville, Edwin S.,
Knight, William A.,
\
Third Class, Grade A.
1897.
1898.
Robinson, Miss Nellie A.,
Carmichael, Miss Annie E.,
Ray, Miss Annie B.,
Marshall, Miss Ha M.,
Watson, Miss Eleanor M.,
Murgatroyd, Miss Annie L,
McGraw, Miss Mary,
Plaxton, Robert J.
Moore, Miss Jane,
Buttimer, Miss Annie L.,
Nicholas, Miss Minnie E.,
Godson, Miss Grace A.,
King, John,
Green, Miss Constance H.,
Smith, Miss Annie,
Mills, Miss Sarah A.,
Clark, Miss Elizabeth A.,
Marsden, Miss Sarah,
Muir, Miss Sarah F.,
lxxv.
1898.
1898
Third Class, Grade B.
Mclver, Miss Henrietta,
1898.
Blair, J. Alfred,
ii
Swan, Miss Clara W.,
II
Wilson, Miss Elizabeth,
ii
Murray, Miss Jessie M.,
II
John, Miss Alice,
ii
Wriglesworth, Miss Annie L.,
II
Tingley, Brydone L.,
ii
Johnstone, Miss Marion B.,
II
Smith, Miss Mabel,
n
Clement, Miss Mabel M.,
II
Butler, Claude H.,
ii
Whelen, Miss Mary E. J.,
II
Fenton, Miss Susie A.,
n
Wood, Miss Mabel V,
II
McMordie, Robert A.,
ti
Turner, Miss Bertha,
11
Mitchell, Charles A.,
ii lxxvi.
Public Schools Report.
1898
Third Class, Grade B.—Concluded.
Olding, Miss Harriet E.,
Cleveland, Miss Jane M.,
Teetzel, Edward E.,
Matthews, William A.,
Knight, Miss Margaret D.,
Sivewright, William,
Johnson, Miss Margaret A.,
Colquhoun, Miss Jessica,
Lovering, James E.,
Beadleston, Miss Maud E.,
Coghlan, Miss Leonora M.,
Butler, Miss Gladys A. K.,
Bowman, Miss Ida Rose,
Cathcart, Miss Annie,
Irvine, Robert D.,
Barton, Frederick W.,
Carncross, Miss Marion,
McMullen, Alexander,
Stitt, Miss Eleanor H,
1898.
Henderson, Miss Olive,
Brethour, Miss Gertrude L.,
Lucas, Miss Bessie,
Creech, Miss Winnifred J. E..
Wale, Miss Alice M. M.,
Holmes, Miss Beatrice M.,
Bertiaux, Mrs. Kate,
McCannel, Miss Mary Jane,
Street, Miss Flossie P.,
Henderson, Miss Alice G.,
Lovering, Herbert S.,
Netherby, Miss Belle,
Sinclair, Miss Isabella,
Howell, Miss Ada M.,
Evans, Miss Jennie,
Cameron, Miss Sadie Belle,
Ross, Miss Barbara,
Johnson, Miss Margaret G.,
1898.
Temporary   Certificates  Granted  on  the  Application of Boards of Trustees or on
Account op Inability to Attend Teachers' Examination.
Eldridge, Miss Julia M., Vancouver City.
♦Fraser, James D., Vancouver City.
♦ Irvine, Robert D., Westminster Junction.
♦ Thain, Mrs. Annie C, Douglas.
♦ Wood,  Miss Mabel V., New Westminster
City.
Babcock, Miss Mary, Spallumcheen.
Rushton, J. B., New Westminster City.
Keith, William S., Greenwood.
Morrison, Alexander E., Trout Lake,
Smith, Miss Isabella, Arrowhead.
Clark, Mrs. Maria B., Port Steele.
* Obtained a certificate at Teachers' Examination, 1898. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxvii.
APPENDIX B.
Medallists  for 1898.
The medals presented by His Excellency the Governor-General were awarded on result
of written examinations held by the Department, as follows :—
1. Watson Dykes, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Nanaimo High School.
2. Miss Katharine N. Fraser, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the New Westminster High School.
3. Miss Annie W. McQueen, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Vancouver
High School.
4. Miss Dorothy Allison, Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Victoria High
School.
5. Miss Rosannah Wall, Bronze Medal, presented for competition in the Graded Schools
of Nanaimo City.
6. George Elley, Boys' School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition among the Graded
Schools of New Westminster City.
7. Miss Ellice M. Webber, Mount Pleasant School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition among the Graded Schools of Vancouver City.
8. Miss Fannie Gill C. Pope, South Park School, Bronze Medal, presented for competition
among the Graded Schools of Victoria City.
List of Successful Candidates for Entrance to a High School.
Rural Schools, 1897.
David T. Thomson, Alberni.
Christina T. Murray , 1 ^-r.    ,
Alfred H. Carrington /
Janie G. Dundas  Trenant.
Jessie McQuarry \v ,
Louisa Ward  j
Special Examinations, 1897.
Ruth George Nanaimo.
Mary J. E. Whelan New Westminster.
Winnifred E. Cullin \Victoria
Joshua Marks /
Onorah McGuire 1 c    .,   ^   ,     a ,     ,
^        , ,.     m, vSouth (Jedar School.
Gwendoline Thomas J
Mabel Shepherd Craigflower School.
Fannie E. Rae North Arm School. lxj
Public Schools Report.
1898
Nanaimo Central School.
New Westminster Boys' School.
-Vancouver Central School.
Janet Charman North Nanaimo School
Evelyn Akenhead	
Ivy May Baker	
Mary A. Craig	
Mary O. Dawson .	
JohnH. Dick	
Herbert H. Hodgson	
Harold L. Johnston	
James St. Clair Leisk   	
Thomas O'Connell	
James A. Smilley	
Frank W. Teague 	
John E. Brown	
Kenneth Brown	
Clarence Kennedy	
Wesley Dillabough	
Alexander Sivewright	
Frederick C. Welch	
Robert B. Brown	
Nella A. Corbould \ ,,      -lTT   ,    .    ,     ~. . , „ ,     .
-T-,,,    T , -JSew Westminster Girls School.
Ella Johnston J
Eva V. A. Cornish .	
Jessie C. McGregor	
Agnes P. Van Home	
Daisy S. Gothard	
Emma S. Snider	
Mildred Henderson	
Aylmer R. Douglas	
Julia W. Hancock	
William W. McDonald	
Alexander McLean	
Myra McLennan	
Muriel McNair	
Grace Blackburn	
Isabella Rae	
Mabel Tidy	
Ninyas McGeer	
Charles McKay	
Percy Burnet	
Leon Cary   	
Arthur Ceperley	
Bertha Cassady	
Ethel Feldman	
Arthur Godfrey	
Marion Marsden 	
Harry Mclntyre : Vancouver West School.
Mary Paull	
Ella Smith	
Daisy Trythall	
Maud Templeton	
Walter Thicke	
Gertrude Maitland	
Alice Gardiner	
Arthur D. Belyea 1
Henry J. Hartnell [-Victoria Boys' School
William H. Stebbings J
Grace Atkinson \
■Vancouver East School.
Vancouver Mt. Pleasant School.
I
Agnes Anderson
Kate Lavender .
Lydia Nute	
^Victoria Girls' School. lxxx.
•
Public Schools Report.                                       1898
Vancouver Mount Pleasant School.
Ellice May Webber,
Joseph H. Foster,
Ida Irvine,
Rosanna Revels,
Isabel B. Collier,
Harold Burnet,
Markie Burritt.
Vancouver West School
Ethel Harris,
Ernest A. Dickie,
Olive S. Preston,
Wm. A. Donaldson,
Kate H. McQueen,
Jennie K. Anstie,
Kathleen L. Bajus,
Margaret M. Muir,
Edna J. Cook,
Dorothy Cattell.
Vancouver Fairview School.
Nancy I. Robertson,
Margaret Elliott.
Victoria Boys' School.
George G. Lyall,
William H. Mansell,
Stanley M. Johnson,
William H. Loat,
William H. Halpenny,
Nells B. Smith,
George W. Jackson,
Thomas J. Carson,
John B. Holdcroft,
William G. Lemm.
Victoria Girls' School.
Ethel Bayley,
Elizabeth H. Bryce,
Kristruna Johnson,
Rachel V. Sylvester,
May E. Renfree,
May S. Harlock,
Marie Gibson,
Jennie Malcolm,
Winnifred M. Johnson,
Laura M. Elford,
Florence U. Nicholles,
Annie M. Bigger,
Florence A. Carter,
Catherine M. Lovell,
Joenina S. Johnson,
Hermina E. Wilson,
Sophie F. Hiscocks.
Victoria North Ward School.
Grace G. Dudgeon,
William Blake,
Maggie N. McMorran,
Agnes E. Dier,
Lily J. Laverock,
Ethel M. Mills,
Edgar F. John,
Richard R. F. Sewell,
Dale S. Ewart,
George B. Fulton,
Ethel M. John.
Victoria South  Park School.
Fannie Gill C. Pope,
Ina M. Redfern,
Gladys M. Cameron,
Alexander C. Roberts,
Sarah E. Spencer,
Elizabeth Raymond,
Kate E. Redfern,
John McD. Lawson,
Sarah E. Seach,
Ida P. Goddard,
George S. Brown,
Emma Campbell,
Guy T. Temple,
Eleanor C. Fawcett,
Herbert C. G. Haynes.
Victoria West School.
Lilly E. Russell,
Florence Okell,
Helen E. Somerville,
Frederick W. L. Harrap,
Mary M. Tait.
Wellington School.
Lydia Copeland. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
ixxxi.
Central Examinations,  1898.
■Chilliwhack.
Ida M. Toop Atchelitz.
Wallace J. Prowse  ^
Edith L. Mellard	
Arthur C. Henderson	
Alexander Chadsey	
James H. Hardy	
Wilfred Kipp	
Garda M. Patterson East Chilliwhack.
Daisy M. Webb 1 a     ,.   „. ....   ,     .
<-i       t\t  /i      i   u >South Chilliwhack
Cora M. Crankshaw J
Lydia Macdonald    Comox.
Judson McPhee	
Horace McPhee   	
Margaret Urquhart.    	
Louisa Carter	
Clara A. Duncan	
Zeffie Holmes	
Louise Smith	
Irene Smith /J
Annie Kenny Golden.
John A. Munro 1 „     .
r,            nn [Kamloops.
George Wilson    J r
Arthur Marshall Lansdowne.
Andrew G. Lytle South Lillooet.
John A. Mclver   I M    .
Arthur H. E. Beckett j-Maple
Mabel H. Turner ~\ ,T.   .
• •     .   T Y Mission.
Aja A. Lane J
Ethel M. McBride Mud Bay.
Frederick W. Barton Nelson.
John F. Murray Nicola.
Catherine H. MacCrimmon  	
-Courtenay.
[Duncan.
[Enderby.
le Ridge.
Chester R. Morrison
[Prairie.
Mary Milligan Ipuntledse
Adelaide Machin j-^untledge.
Beatrice Ball Rocky Point.
Evan J. Hughes   	
Florence Pound	
Elvira Guidotti [Rossland.
Mabel Lockhart	
Herbert G. Wright	
Samuel H. Musgrave ,. North Saanich.
Gladys A. K. Butler	
Virginia J. Hagan	
Margaret Graham [West Saanich.
Margaret Hagan	
Hannah Graham	
Margaret M. Brethour Sidney.
[Soi
Ormond T. Smithe  .
Margaret L. Evans	
Oscar T. M. Reinhard 1
Catherine E. McDougald     V Vernon.
Donald McGowen	 lxxxii. Public Schools Report. 1898
Rural Schools, 1898.
Herman J. Offerhaus Cedar Hill.
Fanny M. Strachan  Gordon Head.
Mary G. Johnson Hall's Prairie.
Jeannie D. Mogee Ladner.
Joseph E. Merryfield Mount Lehman.
Elizabeth A. McLeod , Sea Island.
William J. O'Neill 1
Herbert C. Flewin         „.
George H. Biackall [Simpson.
Wilhelmina L. Alexander J
Byron L. Waddell    Trenant.
Kenneth J. Dodd Yale.
Special Examinations, 1898.
Mabel Van Sickle Nanaimo.
Percy G. Slingsby ]
Vincent A. Costobadie .-Vancouver.
Hugh P. Costobadie J
Annie Haney ....    1 ,T    ,    -„. ,     a ,     ,
M            ,  ,j m    ■ , [Maple Ridge School.
Margaret McTavish J       r &
Gavin F. Weir      Metchosin.
Jennie Colquhoun Oak Bay School.
Laura Miller Private School.
. ,   "     \     Vr      ,        ' "' [Rocky Point School.
Alexander Vaughan j J
Walter D. Betts Victoria North Ward School.
Total number of candidates examined ....   620.
Total number of candidites passed 290. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxxiii.
APPENDIX C.
 o	
ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, 1898.
 o	
Written Arithmetic.
1. (a.) From the sum of 3| and 4£ subtract 6f, multiply the difference by 2'i and divide
the product by 8-f-.
(b.) Divide 1.0191 by .00079.
2. (a.) Find a multiplier that will convert a speed of miles per hour into feet per second.
(b.) Write a proportion of which 5.8 and five tons are the extremes.
3. A bath is filled by a pipe in 15 minutes.    lb is emptied by a waste pipe in 18 minutes.
In what time will the bath be full if both pipes be opened at once?
4. Find the exact simple interest on $7.50 from Mar. 11th, 1898, to Aug. 4th, 1898, @
l\°/0 per annum.    (Days of grace not allowed.)
5. If the tax rate in a town is 4^^ mills on the dollar, and the total tax is $8,639.55,
what is the assessed valuation ?
6. Find the list or selling price of a carriage, the net price of which, after deducting trade
discounts of 25 % and 10 %, is $108.
7. Find the true discount on a bill for $2,254.20 drawn Jan. 1st, 1898, at 4 months, and
discounted on Feb. 20th, 1898, @ 10% per annum.     (Days of grace allowed.)
Mental Arithmetic.
1. How many pints in a bushel? Ans.
2. What is the difference in weight  between a barrel of beef and a
barrel of flour? Ans.
3. What will 780 lbs. of tea cost @ $.48 a lb. ? Ans.
4. If f of a yard cost $1.50, what will 3-t yards cost? Ans.
5. A farmer exchanged 25 bushels of wheat @ $.80 a bushel for 15
bushels  of rye  and $12 :  what was the price of the rye a
bushel? Ans
6. The simple interest on a certain principal is $48 for 2 yr. 8 mo.
@ i % Per mont'D : nild the principal. Ans.
7. The sum of two fractions is |, and their difference T7¥ : what are
the fractions ? Ans.
8. At what time are  the  hands of a  clock  opposite  each  other
between the hours of 1 and 2 ? Ans.
9. 150 is 2\ % of what number 1 Ans .
10. I had a certain amount at interest @ 8 °/a; afterwards the rate
was reduced to 5 %, and my annual interest was $168 less :
how much had I at first at interest? Ans. lxxxiv.
Public Schools Report.
1898
English Grammar.
1. (a.) Write a trisyllable, stating which are the stopped letters in it.
(b.) Which is the most important of the parts of speech?    Why?    Which the least
important ?    Why ?
2. («.) Write the possessive plural feminine of husband, earl, he, sir, and hart.
(b.) Give the imperative mood, passive voice, of the verbs do and be, and the infinitives
of the passive voice of the verb go.
3. (a.) Define each of the finite moods.
(b.) What are defective verbs ?    Impersonal verbs ?    Name two of each kind.
4. (a.) Define Ellipsis.    Illustrate.
(b.) How do you ascertain the antecedent of an interrogative pronoun ?
5. Correct the following sentences, when necessary, giving reasons for corrections made :—
(a.) Your's Truly (used in closing a letter).
(b.)  I never have and never will believe it.
(c.)  Charles is the oldest of those two boys.
(d.) What are called bowlders, proves the theory of glaciers.
(e.)  Woe is me !
6. Analyze in full—
Experience had taught me that tools were the greatest treasure I could possess. While
I was still eating, I looked about for the carpenter's chest. How pleased I was
to see and handle an axe, a saw, chisels, gimlets, hammers, and planes ! I had
accomplished so many things which had at first seemed impossible that I did not
despair of getting all these tools safe on shore in some way or other.
—Daniel DeFoe.
7. Parse the verbs in the following sentences :—
(a.) He said :  "Tell him I wish I were a baby."
(b.) If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere well it were done quickly,
(c.) Our task being finished, we were allowed to play.
1. (a.
(b.
2. (a.
(b.
3. (a.
(b.
4. (a.
(b.
5. (a.
(b.
6. (a.
(b.
Canadian History.
Why were the natives of North America called Indians?
State the territories occupied by the tribes with  whom  the early French settlers
had to do.
Give an account of the founding of Port Royal, Quebec, and Montreal.
What led  to  the  suppression of  the  Company  of  Associates ?    What form of
government followed ?
Give an account of the work accomplished by La Salle and Frontenac.
Describe the removal of the Acadians in 1755, giving reasons assigned for the act.
What were the claims of the English in regard to  territory which  the  French
claimed to belong to Canada?
Give an account of the deaths of Generals Braddock and Wolfe.
Describe the Constitution Act, 1791.
State the causes of the War of 1812.
results.
When, and by what authority, were Upper and Lower Canada united ?
Give an account of the North-West Territory.
When?
Locate five  battles  of  this war,  stating
Of
(a.) By what Act did the Dominion of Canada come into existence?
what is the Dominion composed ?
(b.) Of what does the Dominion Parliament consist ?    Name five of its members who
live in this Province. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxxix.
5.  Commenced business with—
Jan.    1.—Merchandise on hand, $500.    Cash, $50.    J. Ellis owed me
$20.    I owe D. Roper $17 and Edwards & Co. $11.
ii      2.—Sold to J. Ellis, merchandise    $100
ii      3.—Bought of Edwards & Co.,           n              55
„    20—Sold to Jno. Evans,                        „              105
ii    21.—Paid Edwards & Co. on account  40
ii    21.—Received from Jno. Evans cash    105
„    24.—Paid Edwards & Co.,              n       10
ii    30.—    ii    store expenses                 n       7
ii    31.—    ii     personal expenses           n        10
Merchandise on hand  414
Enter in proper books and find the net gain and present net capital.
Mensuration.
1. (a.)  Construct a decimal diagonal scale, and explain its use.
(b.) Describe Gunter's Chain, and explain fully how it is used to find the acreage of a
field.
2. Find the number of square yards in a square court the diagonal of which is 36 ft. 8 in.
3. Find the cost of carpeting a room whose length is 20 ft. 3 in., width 17 ft. 4 in., with
carpet -| yd. wide, @ 4s. 2d. a yd.
4. The area of a semicircle is 645 ft.; find the length of the perimeter of the semicircle.
5. The radius of a circle is  10 feet; two parallel chords are drawn each  equal to the
radius; find the area of the zone between the chords.
6. A, B, C, D, E is a five-sided figure having the angle at E a right angle; the following
lengths are in feet: AB = 14, BC = 7, CD = 10, DE = 12, AE = 5, AC = 17.    Find
the area.
7. Find the weight of a spherical shot of iron 6 in. in diameter, if a cubic inch of iron
weigh 4.2 lb.
Algebra.
c.
1. (a.)  Divide as - 3a2b + Sab2 — bs - c3 by a - b
1 l l
(b.) Divide a2 - x by a10-x5.
2. (a.) A bookshelf contains x Latin, y Greek, and z French  books; if there are 100
books, how many are there in other languages ?
(b.) Simplify the following expression and express according to powers of x:—
x|x - b - x(a - bx) j +ax — x\x — x(ax — b)\.
3. (a.) Simplify. (_^2-2-^^_ri_2.
a2c
(b.) (a + x) (b + x) - a(b + c) = — + x2.
4. A has £15 and B £1  10s.    How much must A give to B in order that he may have
just four times as much as B ?
5. A boy bought a number of oranges for 48a?.    Had  he bought  8 more for the same
money, he would have paid \d. less for each orange.    How many did he buy?
6. The denominator of a fraction exceeds the numerator by 4; and if 5 be taken from
each, the sum of the reciprocal of the new fraction and four times the original
fraction is 5 : find the original fraction. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxxv.
British History.
1. (a.) When and by whom was the conquest of Britain completed by the Romans?
(6.) For what is  each  of  the  following  kings noted :—Egbert, Alfred, Edward the
Confessor ?
2. (a.) What arrangement  ended  the  contest  between   Stephen   and   Matilda  for  the
crown ?
(b.) When and through whom was the House of Commons founded 1
3. (a.) Give an account of the battles of Bannockburn and Agincourt.
(b.) State clearly the cause of the Wars of the Roses.    When did they begin and end ?
4. (a.) For what is the reign of Elizabeth notable ?
(b.) Give brief accounts of Thomas Cromwell and Oliver Cromwell.
5. (a.) Name the sovereigns of the Stuart line, with dates,
(p.) Describe the Habeas Corpus Act.
6. (a.) What were the claims of George I. to the throne?
(b.) Which is now the preferable term —"The House of Brunswick," or "The House
of Hanover"?    Why?
7. (a.) Name the five greatest warriors of Britain, stating at least one victory achieved
by each.
(b.) Name five sovereigns who are now cotemporary with Queen Victoria.
Composition.
1. (a.) When is the apostrophe used before the letter s, and when after s, to denote the
possessive case ?    When is it used without the letter s for the same purpose ?
When is the s used without the apostrophe to denote this case?
(b.) Write the following abbreviations correctly :—Jas for James, Jos for Joseph, Thos
for Thomas, Jno for John, and Margt for Margaret.
2. (a.) In writing a letter to a young lady with whom  you   are  not  acquainted,  how do
you address her in commencing- the letter?    If writing to a firm, how do you
address them at the commencement of the letter ?
(6.)  What kind of letter should not be sealed ?
3. («.) Define amplification.
(b.) Amplify the following:—Columbus returned to Spain in 1492, having spent some
months in exploring the delightful regions dreamed of by many, and now first
thrown open to European eyes.
4. Use the following words in sentences:—
cite, awl, dot, chagrin, puisne.
5. Write a composition of not less than fifteen lines on one of the following subjects :—
(a.) Temperance. (c.)   Honesty.
(b.)  Our Exports. (d.) The Yukon.
(e.) The New Parliament Buildings. 1XXXVL
Public Schools Report.
1898
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
a.) Name the principal tissues of the body.
6.)  How do alcohol and tobacco injure the bones?
c.)  How are the bones of the head divided ?    Give number in each division.
a.) Define muscle and tendon.
b.) Name the two kinds of muscles, giving an example of each.
a.) Why do we need food?    Under what circumstances is it needed in the greatest
quantity ?
o.) Give the hygienic laws in regard to digestion.
a.) Describe the heart, naming the blood vessels connected with it.
b.) What and where are the capillaries?    How often does the pulse beat in a minute?
3.
4.
5.
a.) Describe the brain, giving its average weight.
b.) Show in what ways the nervous system is frequently abused.
6. (a.) Distinguish between disinfectants and deodorizers,
b.) Name three common disinfectants.
7. Locate and define the following :—
(a.) patella, (c.) olfactory,
(6.)  biceps, (d.) Adam's Apple,
(e.) sebaceous.
3.
4.
6.
7.
Geography.
a.) How many miles from the International Boundary Line—49th parallel— to the
North Pole ?
b.) Define the ecliptic, and show its position by a diagram.
a.) Give the highest peak of the principal  mountain range in each of the continents.
6.) Locate 5 large rivers that flow north.
a.) What lands are separated and what waters connected by the following straits :—
Dardanelles, Juan de Fuca, and Ormus ?
6.) Locate 5 Canadian bays.
2.) Name 5 cities in this Province not on salt water, locating each.
6.) Make a map showing the position of Dawson City.
a.) Bound Egypt.
b.) How is it that in Equador the climate of all the zones is represented ?
a.) Give the capitals of the Australian Colonies.
b.) Name the largest lake in England, Ireland, Scotland, Russia, and United States.
a.) State the chief exports and imports of the Dominion.
6.) Trace a trip by water in going from Revelstoke to Kamloops. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxxxvii.
Book-Keeping.
1. (a.) What book is used to give a history of the transactions of a business?    What one
to classify the results ?
(b.) Distinguish between debit and debtor; also between resource and liability.
2. (a.) When the debit side of each of the following accounts is the  greater,  what does
the balance express :—John Smith, Cash, and Bills Payable?
(b.) Write abbreviations for packages, pieces, handkerchiefs, creditor, collect on delivery.
3. (a.) Make an itemized bill of at least four articles for John Doe, and receipt the same,
(o.) Take a promissory note from William  Smith,  endorsed  by Robert Jones  and
witnessed by Arthur Roe.
4. (a.) Give a receipt for money paid on account.
(b.) Write a letter to Walter Watt, requesting immediate payment of his account.
5. Rule necessary forms and enter the following transactions in all books, balancing the
ledger:—
1898.
May 31—You sold to James Jones 2 stoves @ $11 each, and 18 lengths of pipe @ $.35
each, and received cash on account $15.
June 1—You sold to James Jones 3 kettles @ $.75 each, and 5 pails (zinc) @ $1.20 each,
and received on account 250 lbs. apples @ $.04. lxxxviii. Public Schools Report. 1898
APPENDIX D.
HIGH SCHOOLS EXAMINATION, 1898.
 o	
Rhetoric.
1. " One great secret of a good and striking style is specification."    Explain.
2. Explain and illustrate the following devices in sentence construction :—
(a.) Repetition. (6.) Inversion,
(c.) Period.
3. (a.) When is that preferable to who or which?
(b.) What is a mixed metaphor ?
4. (a.) What is the jDroper guide as to the length of a paragraph ?
(b.) Show that the requisites of a good paragraph are unity and continuity.
(c.) Write a paragraph, of at least five sentences, descriptive of your city.
5. Correct or justify—
(a.) By adopting this system, the estimator will know that each item is complete, and
it will be almost, impossible to err in the final result.
(6.) When an American book is published in England, it is heralded as a noteworthy
event in literature.
(c.) Pleasure and excitement had more attraction for him than his friend.
(d.) I should like to have seen him.
(«.) Conversing one  day with  Beecher on  the subject of  the War,  he  said, " Our
triumph is producing a speedier effect upon you than ourselves."
6. " When France in wrath her giant limbs uprear'd,
And with that wrath, which smote air, earth, and sea,
Stamp'd her strong foot and said she would be free,
Bear witness for me, how I hoped and feared."
(a.) What rhetorical figures are employed in this extract?
(6.) Analyze or paraphrase the above.
Book-keeping.
1. (a.) Define assets, inventory, balance, coupon, and liquidation.
(b.) Give the technical terms of parties necessary to a promissory note; also to a draft.
2. (a.) How is the net loss or gain of a business found?
(b.) What must be done to ascertain net gain on merchandise?
3. (a.) Write a duplicate receipt for $40 received by you from your teacher to be paid on
his account to Wm. Sims, and also receipt of Wm. Sims.
(6.) Thos. Roberts diaws on you for $30, through the Bank of British Columbia, @ 10
clays' sight; write the draft and accept it.
4. (a.) What is precis writing?
(6.) Give a private mark, and explain its use. 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
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Geometry.
1. (a.) Distinguish between a rhombus and a rhomboid.
(6.) Define theorem, parallel straight lines, and corollary.
2. Upon the same base, and on the same side of it,  there cannot be two triangles that
have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base, equal to one
another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.
3. To  a  given straight line to apply a parallelogram  which shall be equal to a given
triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.
4. To describe a square upon a given straight line.
5. To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the
whole and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square on the other part.
6. (a.) Distinguish between an angle of a, segment, and an angle in a segment of a circle.
(b.) The diameter is the greatest straight line in a circle.
Trigonometry.
1. (a.)  Express 1.704535 right angles in degrees, minutes, and seconds.
(b.) Express in both degrees and  grades  the angles of a regular hexagon, also of a
regular octagon.
2. (a.) Draw an angle whose sine is f.
(b.)  If the sine of 53° is .8, find each of the other trigonometrical functions of 53°
3. (a.) Given log 3 = .4771213, log 7 = .8450980, find the logarithms of 63 and ^.
(b.) Solve the equation—
sin A + sin B = J2, sin2 A + sin2 B = 1.
4. From the top of a tower 117 feet high the angle of depression of the top of a house 37
feet high is observed to be 30°.     How far is the top of the house from the tower 1
5. Solve the following triangles :—
(a.) If 6 = 35 feet, c = 21 feet, and A = 50°, find a, given cos 50° = .643.
(b.) c = 84, B = 45°, C = 30°.
6. A person standing on the bank of a river observes the elevation of the top of a tree
on the opposite bank to be 51°, and when he retires 30 feet from the river's bank
he observes the elevation to be 46° : determine the breadth of the river.
L sin 46° = 9.8569341, log 3 = .4771213
L sin 39° = 9.7988718, log 1.55823 = .1926316
L-sin   5° = 8.9402960. 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. xci.
English Literature.
1. Mention the various periods of English literature, and name an author of each period.
2. (a.) Give a sketch of the Vision of Piers Ploughman.    What was its aim 1
(b.) Name the earliest work printed in England.    Give date.
3. (a.) When did the following writers live : —
Sir Thomas More. Samuel Pepys.
Benjamin Johnson. Joseph Addison.
William Wordsworth.
(b.) Name a work of each.
4. (a.) Write brief notes on Robert Burns and Lord Tennyson.
(b.) Make a quotation from each of the following :—
Scott. Longfellow.
Byron. Cowper.
5. (a.) Give the plot of any one of Shakespeare's plays.
(b.) Make two quotations from Shakespeare.
6. (a.) Identify the following characters :—
Roderick Dhu. Faithful.
FalstafF. Elaine.
Hudibras. Evangeline.
(b.) Who is the present Poet Laureate of England ? What are his duties ?
Drawing.
1. Define and give an example of—
(a.) Simple curve. (c.) Reversed curve.
(b.) Compound curve. (d.) Ellipse.
(e.) Oval.
2. State the use of half-tint and of shading, giving an example of each.
3. (a.) What is meant by conventionalized forms 1
(b.) What natural objects are most frequently conventionalized for ornament 1    Give
two illustrations ?
4. (a.) Distinguish between balance and symmetry.
(b.) Draw a simple illustration of each.
5. (a.) Make a working drawing of a small bench.
(b.) Draw two views of a right cone, with the apex pointing in different directions,
shaded, to express solidity. xcii.
Public Schools Report.
1898
Botany.
How are plants nourished before and after appearing above ground 1
Where does assimilation take place, and under what influence ?
Describe the parts af an embryo plant.
Define the following terms as applied to leaves :—Linear, ovate,  netted-veined,
pinnately-divided, whorled.
What are buds, and where are they formed ?
What is a fruit in Botany ?    Explain the structure of an apple, a strawberry, and
a cherry.
Name three of the earliest-flowering wild plants in your neighborhood 1
Describe in botanical Language any plant you have examined.
Discuss the function and formation of starch in vegetation.
Name the varieties of tissues found in plants.
The great series of flowering plants is divided into two classes.    Describe these
classes.
To what orders do the following plants belong :—Bean, dandelion, trillium, apple ?
Give a distinguishing feature of each order named.
7. Name five native  trees of this  Province, and  state whether  they are evergreen or
deciduous.
1.
(a.)
(b.)
2.
(a.)
(b.)
3.
(a.)
(b.)
4.
(a.)
(b.)
0.
(a.)
(b.)
6.
(a.)
(b.)
Geology.
1. (a.)
(b.)
2. (a.)
(b.)
3. (a.)
(b.)
4. (a.)
(b.)
5. (a.)
(b.)
6. (a.)
(b.)
How is the geologist guided in making his investigations?
By what means is the relative age of rocks determined?
Show the origin of veins, terraces, moraines, pumice.
Give   the important points  about the  following  minerals:—Granite,   limestone,
marble, pyrite.
Distinguish between slate and sandstone.
Tell how each was formed, and give proofs.
Locate the principal coal-fields of this Province, and state the peculiarity of our
coal-bearing areas.
Describe the Glacial Period.
Of what are the oldest rocks composed 1
Show that mountains are not as old as the crust of the earth.
State some of the simpler proofs of the earth's great antiquity.
Give in order a table of the ages and systems of the geological formation of the
earth. 02 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
xcm.
Zoology.
Describe the protozoa, stating the classes into which this branch is divided.
Give the general characteristics of the codenterata.
What common Actinozoa are found on our coast ?
State the divisions of (he Mollusca, describing the nervous system.
Describe fully the metamorphosis of a grasshopper.
Name a batrachian that is useful to man, stating in what way.
Give the orders of the Reptilia.
Describe the Marsupialia, naming two found in North America.
State four valuable products of the wliale.
Define paleontology and entomology.
1.
(a.)
(b.)
2.
(a.)
(b.)
3.
(a.)
(b.)
4.
(a.)
(b.)
5.
(a.)
(b.)
Chemistry.
1. (a.) Explain the terms : element, atom, molecule, valence.
(b.) State three conditions that promote chemical change.    Give examples.
2. (a.) Describe the preparation of a gaseous compound of C, giving the reaction.    What
are its properties ?
(b.) Gunpowder consists of charcoal, sulphur,  and nitre.    How would you separate
these substances in a given sample of gunpowder 1
3. Describe the elements  that enter  into  the composition of common salt.     Give the
symbol and atomic weight of each.
4. (a.) How would you prove or disprove the presence of the following gases in the air:—
carbonic dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen ?
(b.) Show that O is, chemically, a very active element.
5. Write chemical notes on ozone, litmus, blacklead, amalgam, and water.
6. (a.) Explain " Carbon is a reducing agent."
(b.) Describe a common copper or silver ore.
7. (a.) For what economic purposes are HNO. and H2S04 used?
(b.) How many lbs. of Zn are necessary for 8 ozs. of H ? xciv.
Public Schools Report.
1898
Astronomy.
1. (a.) Define equinoctial and azimuth.
(b.) Name the po.es of the horizon.
2. (a.) What is meant by the precession of the equinoxes?
(b.) What causes twilight ?
3. (a.) Why is the ecliptic so called ?
(b.) Describe the Moon's phases.
4. (a.) Give a description of the planet Mars.
(b.) Is it inhabited ?    Give reasons for answer.
5. (a.) What are Comets ?
(b.) Why are they visible in only a very small part of their courses?
6. (a.) Describe the aurora borealis.
(6.) Show by a diagram the position of the North Polar Star (Polaris).
7. Is the south pole marked by any conspicuous star ?
Natural Philosophy.
What are the advantages of the metric system of weights and measures?
What is inertia?    Give three examples.
Explain and illustrate the " Composition of Forces."
What horizontal force is necessary to keep a mass of 100 lbs. at rest on a smooth
inclined plane rising 3 ft. in 5 ft. ?
Compare the barometer and the thermometer.
A  mercury  barometer  stands  at   28   inches.    What  is  the  height  of a   water
barometer ?
Describe the different classes of levers.
Show that the following are levers :—Oars, limbs of animals, balances, wheel and
axle, pulley.
How are permanent magnets made?
Explain by a diagram the working of the electric telegraph.
An article composed of only one substance weighs 2.5 oz. in water, and 5.75 oz
in air.    What is the specific gravity of the substance?
How is the specific gravity of milk determined ?    Of a gas ?
At points equally distant on a rod 20 inches long, weights of 1 ft)., 2 H>s., 3 ffi>s.,
4 lbs., and  5 lbs.  are suspended.      The  rod is to be supported  by a single
thread.    At what point must it be tied that the rod may remain horizontal ?
(b.) What is meant by the moment of a force about a given point ?    What are the
principal properties of moments ?
1.
(a.)
(b.)
2.
(a.)
(b.)
3.
(a.)
(b.)
6.
(a.)
(b.)
5.
(a.)
(b.)
6.
(a.)
(b.)
7.
(a.) 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. xcix.
Writing.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 6th ; 1:80 p. m. to 3 p. m.     Total marks, 100.
1. (a.) Explain concisely the liygienically correct position which should  be  assumed  in
writing.
(b.) What influence may position have upon —
(1) Defective vision ?
(2) Spinal curvature?
(3) Intestinal compression ?
2. (a.) What exercises are employed to give phalangeal and manual dexterity?
(b.) What is the best method of teaching the whole-arm movement to all except the
more nervous pupils.
3. State the disadvantages attending the constant use of engraved head-line copy books.
4. (a.) What are the chief causes of cramped or weak writing in the young?
(b.) How would you remedy the defect known as " end-line crowding " ?
5. Should any subjects precede writing in the sequence of studies ?    Give reasons for
your answer.
6. Write the alphabet in capitals, in the style you would teach.
7. Write, as a test of accuracy and penmanship :—
Our revels now are ended.    These our actors,
As I foretold you, were all spirits, and
Are melted into air, into thin air :
And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,
The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces,
The solemn temples, the great globe itself,
Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,
And, like the insubstantial pageant faded,
Leave not a rack behind.    We are such stuff
As dreams are made of; and our little life
Is rounded with a sleep.
Geography.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Tuesday, July oth ; 1:80 p. m. to 3:30 p. m.     Toted marks, 200.
1. (a,.) Draw a diagram of the Earth's orbit, showing the exact position of the Earth at
Aphelion, Perihelion, and at the Vernal and Autumnal Equinoxes.
(b.) State the distance of the Sun from   the   Earth,  at  the  four  positions  above
indicated.
2. Supply, in figures, the following data (approximately) :—
Area of British Columbia.
Height of Mt. Everest.
Population of Spain.
Distance from British Columbia to Japan.
Population of India.
Distance from Montreal to Vancouver.
3. Give a list of the islands around the coast of Africa.    State to whom  each  belongs.
and name its chief city.
4. Name the important deltas of the world, and the ports situated on them.
5. Define and locate—
Hydahs, the Tel, Cingalese, Harmattan, Savannahs, Afridis.
b"i 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. xcv.
General History.
1. (a.) Name the ancient oriental monarchies.
(b.)  Describe the part in history taken by the Hebrews.
2. (a.) Locate the following :—
Tyre. Carthage.
Babylon. Byzantium.
Syracuse.
(b.) Write a note on each.
3. Describe Grecian civilization as to literature, religion, and political ideas.
4. (a.) At what time did Copernicus and Galileo live?
(b.) For what is each celebrated 1
5. (a.) Give an outline of what Frederick the Great did for Prussia.
(b.) What was the German Confederation 1
6. (a.) Who were Richelieu, Peter the Great, Prince Consort, Garibaldi 1
(b.) Sketch the career of one of the foregoing.
7. (a.) Give the cause and terms of peace of the Franco-Prussian War.    Give date.
(b.) Mention facts of present interest about Cuba, Transvaal, China.
Roman History.
1. (a.) Give a brief outline of the struggle between the Patricians and the Plebeians.
(b.) What powers did the Tribunes of the Plebs possess ?
2. (a.) Describe the last battle of the Pyrrhic War.
(b.) Compare the Grecian and the Roman system of warfare.
3. With what great events are the following names connected :—
(a.) Scipio Africanus. (b.) Titus.
(c.) Constantine.
4. (a.) What reforms did Caius Gracchus seek to effect?
(b.) State briefly the circumstances under which he met his death.
5. Describe the careers of Cicero and Cataline.
6. Where and what are —
(a.) Philippi. (b.) Forum.
(c.) Saguntum.
7. Explain omen, consul, proscription, censor, capitol. xevi.
Public Schools Report.
1898
Grecian History.
1. (a.) Describe the Trojan War.
(b.) Draw an outline map of Ancient Greece, locating thereon the principal states.
2. (a.) What reforms were introduced by Solon and Lycurgus, respectively ?
(b.) What is an oligarchy?    Ostracism?
3. (a.) Where are Artemisium, Platffia, and Hydaspes ?
(b.) Describe the events with which they are connected ?    Give dates.
4. (a.) Describe Athens under the rule of Pericles.
(b.) What was the result of the Peloponnesian War?
5. Give a brief outline of the struggle between Sparta and Thebes.
6. (a.) Why did Demosthenes deliver the Philippics ?
(b.) What was the Achaean League ?
7. Write notes on—
(a.) Achaia. (c.)  Xenophon.
(b.)  Paralus. (d.) Pharos.
(e.) Tyrant.
Latin.
1. (a.) Write in tabular form the case-endings of the several declensions.
(b.) Decline ilia midier, alius, celer, and qnis.
2. (a.) Compare acer, prope, magnus, bene, and dexter.
(b.) How are adverbs regularly formed from adjectives ?
3. (a.) Write the different tenses, active voice, formed from the present and perfect stems
of moneo and facio.
(b.)  State two idiomatic uses of the subjunctive mood, with examples.
4. Distinguish between te voco and ego te voco ; valetne and valet ; scribit ut nos moneat
and scribet ut nos moneat; credimus nuntio and nuntio creditur.
5. Translate—
(a.) The boys are praised by their father, the girls by their mother.
(b.) Our garden is two hundred feet long.
(c.)  Nothing is more useful to man than the sun.
(d.) They came to seek peace.
(e.) Nobody is so old as not to think that he can live a year.
6. Translate one of the following, and parse the verbs in the selection :—
(a.) Quum vidisset autein turbam, ascendit in montem : et quum consedisset, adierunt
eum discipuli ejus ; tunc, aperto ore suo, docebat eos, dicens ; beati pauperes spiritu : quoniam
ipsorum est regnum ccelorum.
(b.) His Caesar ita respondit: " Eo sibi minus dubitationis dari, quod eas res, quas
legati Helvetii commemorassent, memoria teneret: atque eo gravius ferre, quo minus merito
Populi Romani accidissent; qui si alicujus injurise sibi conscius fuisset, non fuisse difficile
cavere ; sed eo deceptum, quod neque commissum a se intelligeret, quare timeret; neque sine
causa timendum putaret." 62 Vict. Public Schools Report. xcvii.
(c.)  Certe hine Romanos olim, volventibus annis,
Hine fore ductores, revocato a sanguine Teucri,
Qui mare, qui terras omni ditione tenerent,
Pollicitus.    Qua? te, Genitor, sententia vertit ?
Hoc equidem occasum Troj;e, tristesque ruinas
Solabar, fatis contraria fata rependens.
Nunc eadem fortuna viros tot casibus actos
Insequitur.
(d.) Solvitur acris hiems grata vice veris et Favoni,
Trahuntque siccas machines carinas.
Ac neque jam stabulis gaudet pecus, aut arator igni;
Nee prata canis albicant pruinis.
Jam Cytherea choros ducit Venus, imminente Luna,
Junctreque Nymphis Gratia? decentes
Alterno terrain quatiunt pede; dum graves Cyclopum
Vulcanus ardens urit officinas.
French.
1. (a.) Explain the difference in pronunciation between accented and unaccented vowels.
(b.) Write the different forms of the partitive article, with appropriate nouns.
2. (a.) Give the plural feminine oifou, secret, muet, frais, celui, le sien.
(b.) Compare petit, bien, mal, facilement.
3. (a.) When are disjunctive pronouns used ?    Give three examples.
(b.) Distinguish between the use of e'est and il est; celui and ceci; qui and que; venir
and venir de.
4. (a.) Give the principal parts of ouvrir, faire, devoir, recevoir, suivre.
(b.) Write the imperative mood of mener, perdre, and s'en abler.
5. Translate—
(a.) In a year there are twelve months ; how many months in ten years ?
(b.) He will be at the station on the 31st August, at half past eight in the morning.
(c.) If you have shown us all your shoes, I will buy these.
(d.) Does he earn his living by cutting wood ?    I believe so.
(e.)  We must stay in the shade ; it is too hot.
6. Translate one of the following :—
(a.) Au fort de cette confusion, on vint nous dire que le diner etait servi, et je
m'apercus avec joie que le tintement de la cloche qui m'avait d'abord cause tant d'alarme
n'etait que le coup de la demi-heure avant le diner. En traversant le salon pour me rendre a
la salle a manger, j'eus le temps de me remettre un peu de mon trouble, et je fus prie de
m'asseoir a table entre lady Bienvenu et sa fille ainee.
(b.) Quoique doux dans son enfance, il avait une opiniatrete insurmontable ; le seul
moyen de le plier etait de le piquer d'honneur: avec le mot de gloire on obtenait tout de lui.
II avait de 1'aversion pour le latin, mais des qu'on lui eut dit que le roi de Pologne et le roi de
Danemark l'entendaient, il l'apprit bien vite, et en retint assez pour le parler le reste de sa vie.
On s'y prit de la meme maniere pour l'engager a, entendre le franeais; mais, il s'obstina tant
qu'il vecut a ne jamais s'en servir, rneime avec des ambassadeurs francais qui ne savaient point
d'autre langue.
Greek.
[Questions omitted from this Report for want of Greek type in Government Printing Office.]
1 XCV11L
Public Schools Report.
1898
APPENDIX
E.
TEACHERS'
EXAMINATION,
JULY
, 1898.
Spelling.
(For
all Classes and Grad
3S.)
Friday, July 8th ;
10 a.
m. to 11 a
m.
Total
marks, 100.
1.  trolley
26.
nineteenth
2.  infallible
27.
maniacal
3. ineffable
28.
decrepit
4.  llanos
29.
referee
5.  phosphorus
30.
bayou
6.  ricochet
31.
indispensable
7. palisade
32.
holocaust
8.  catarrh
33.
emanate
9. coterie
34.
massacring
10.  brougham
35.
vaticination
11.  adobe
36.
cachinnation
12. indelible
37.
Caracas
13. rarefy
38.
officinal
14. desuetude
39.
mischievous
15. proceeding
40.
buhrstone
16.  apparel
41.
milliner
17.  incorrigible
42.
assailant
18.  discernible
43.
inchoate
19. conceivable
44.
anodyne
20.  cuisine
45.
asafcetida
21.  elegiac
46.
idiosyncrasy
22. ferrule
47.
menagerie
23. pneumonia
48.
distich
24. apothegm
49.
fugue
25. bombasin
50.
Illecillewaet 62 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
XL
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