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TWENTY-SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. 1896-97. BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1898

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 TWENTY-SIXTH AMITAL EEPOET
-OF   THE-
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
1896 97.
BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
WITH APPENDICES.
THEGOVERNMENTOF
THE PRD VlliCE Of BRITISH COLUMBIA
VICTORIA, B. C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1898.
  61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 191
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT.
1896-97.
Io His Honour Thos. R. McInnes,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia:
May it please Your Honour:
I beg herewith respectfully to present the Twenty-sixth Annual Report on the
Public Schools of the Province.
JAMES BAKER,
Minister of Education.
December, 1897.
  61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 193
PART  I.
GENERAL  REPORT.
  61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
195
ANNUAL REPORT
OF   THE
SUPERINTENDENT OE EDUCATION.
1896-97.
Education Office,
Victoria, December, 1897.
To Colonel
The Honourable James Baker,
Minister of Education.
Sie,—I beg to submit, for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, the
Twenty-sixth Annual Report on the condition and progress of the Public Schools of the
Province for the school-year ended June 30th, 1897.
A good record as to efficiency and practical results -was made by the schools during the
past year. In almost every branch of the service increased activity was shown, and as a
result, there was a marked degree of improvement in nearly all of the main features of our
public school system.
The whole number of schools in operation was 244, as follows :—
4 High Schools, 213 Common Schools,
22 Graded     „ 5 Ward
The total number of teachers and monitors employed was 384, an increase of 34 over that
of the previous year.
The whole number of pupils enrolled was 15,798, an increase of 1,338 as compared with
the enrolment for 1895-96, and the average actual daily attendance was 9,999.61, an increase
of 745.36 for the same period.
The percentage of average daily attendance in City Districts was 71.06, in Rural
Districts 56.81, and for the entire Province 63.29. As irregularity of attendance is one of
the evils most difficult to remedy of any encountered in the administration of the schools,
these percentages of average daily attendance are creditable alike to parents and teachers.
The expenditure from the Provincial Treasury for Education Proper during the past year
was as follows :—
Teachers' Salaries $150,949 22
Per Capita Grants to City Districts      49,687 80
Incidental Expenses of Rural Districts        10,157 28
Education Office      10,016 08
Total $220,810 38
 196 Public Schools Report. 1897
The cost of each pupil, based on the total enrolment, was $13.97, and based on the
average actual daily attendance was $22.08. These amounts show a decrease of $ .20 and
$ .06 respectively, when compared with those for the previous year.
The expenditure by the Lands and Works Department for the construction of school-
houses, furniture, repairs and improvements to school property was as follows :—
School-houses in Rural Districts $10,923 19
Furniture, repairs, &c,    n       4,947 75
Total $15,870 94
The total expenditure hy the Provincial Government during the past fiscal year, for all
purposes of education, was as follows :—
Education Proper $220,810 38
Lands and Works Department        15,870 94
Total $236,681 32
During the past year, school-houses have been erected, or additions made to school buildings, in the following districts :—
Alberni, Harewood,
Anarchist Mountain, McPherson (Cowichan),
Bella Coola, Pender Island,
Burgoyne Bay, Qualicum,
Cedar Hill, Sea Island,
Colwood, South Okanagan,
Denman Island, Spring Brook,
East Cedar, Trail,
East Vancouver, West Burnaby.
Schools are in operation in the following newly-created districts :—
Ainsworth, Grand Porks,
Brandon-Slocan, Greenwood,
East Cedar, New Denver,
Fort Steele, Sandon,
Stave River.
The following assisted schools were maintained during the past year :— -
Aberdeen, Penticton,
Centre Road, Pilot Bay,
Cortez Island, Read Island,
Douglas, Rivers Inlet,
Field, Sahtlam,
Ganges, Savona,
Hat Creek, Short's Point,
Hernando, South Aldergrove (additional school),
Illecillewaet, South Dunach,
Lac-la-Hache, Squamish,
Mara, Sunbury,
Maria Slough, Three Forks,
North Bend, Upper Salmon Arm,
Notch Hill, Valdez Island,
Okanagan Landing, Waterloo,
Pavilion, Webster's Corners,
West Okanagan.
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
197
In addition to the above, assisted schools are now in operation in the following locali
ties
Black Mountain,
Camp McKinney,
Canoe Creek,
Cascade City,
Fairview,
Retreat Cove,
Salmo,
Silverton,
Tobacco Plains,
Trout Lake,
Union Wharf,
Wardner,
West North Thompson,
Ymir.
Statistical Abstract of Attendance for 1896-97.
Number of pupils enrolled during the year   . .    15,798
Increase for the year  1,338
Number of boys enrolled  8,105
Increase for the year  668
Number of girls enrolled    7,693
Increase for the year  670
Average actual daily attendance  9,999 .
Increase for the year  745 .
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools  461
Increase for the year  1
Average actual daily attendance in High Schools  279.
Average actual daily attendance in Graded and Ward Schools  5,912.
Average actual daily attendance in Rural Schools  3,807 .
Number of School Districts at the close of the year  199
Increase for the year ,  6
61
36
68
06
87
The gradual growth of the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit:—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools from
1872-73 to 1896-97.
Year.
Number of
School
Districts.
Aggregate
Enrolment.
Average
Daily
Attendance.
Percentage
of
Attendance.
Expenditure
for Education
Proper.
1872-73             	
25
37
41
41
42
45
45
47
48
50
59
67
76
86
95
104
109
123
141
154
169
178
183
193
199
1,028
1,245
1,403
1,685
1,998
2,198
2,301
2,462
2,571
2,653
2,693
3,420
4,027
4,471
5,345
6,372
6,796
8,042
9,260
10,773
11,496
12,613
13,482
14,460
15,798
575
767
863
984
1,260
1,395.50
1,315.90
1,293.93
1,366.86
1,358.68
1,383.00
1,808.60
2,089.74
2,481.48
2,873.38
3,093.46
3,681.14
4,333.90
5,134.91
6,227.10
7,111.40
7,785.50
8,610.31
9,254.25
9,999.61
55.93
61.60
61.51
58.39
63.06
63.49
57.19
52.56
53.16
51.21
51.36
52.88
51 89
55.50
53.75
48.54
54.16
53.89
55.45
57.80
61.85
61.72
63 86
64.00
63.29
$ 36,763 77
1873-74 	
1874-75	
1875-76	
35,287 59
34,822 28
44,506 11
1876-77	
1877-78               	
47,129 63
43,334 01
1878-79 	
*22,110 70
1879-80 	
47,006 10
1880-81	
46,960 69
1881-82    .....
49,268 63
1882-83	
50,850 63
1883-84 	
1884-85	
1885-86	
66,655 15
71,151 52
79,527 56
1886-87	
88,521 08
99,902 04
1887-88	
1888-89 	
108,190 59
122,984 83
136,901 73
160,627 80
190,558 33
169 050 18
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
1894-95 	
189,037 25
204,930 32
220,810 38
1895-96	
1896-97 	
Half-vear.
 198
Public Schools Report.
1897
Schedule of Salaries of Teachers on Permanent Staff during the Year 1896-97.
City
Districts.
Rural
Districts.
Salaries.
1
1
1
1
5
12
at .$135 00 per month.
120 00
110 00
108 00
100 00
90 00
85 50
83 33
80 75
80 00
76 00
75 00
73 16
70 00
69 00
68 25
08 00
66 66
65 00
62 50
60 00
58 50
55 00
54 16
53 66
52 50
50 00
45 00
40 00
35 00
fl
1
t
1
2
2
;
5
4
,
t
3
,
3
1
7
,
1
6
1
5
4
2
63
3
i
15
3
2
4S
1
1
10
137
132
227
Average monthly salary in City Districts
ii ii Rural     ii
$61 57
54 14
Certificates of Teachers on Permanent Staff for the Year 1896-97.
C
ity Districts.
R
ural Districts.
Class and Grade.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Males.
Females.
Total.
First Class, Grade A	
15
6
21
13
1
14
17
5
15
31
32
36
28
26
9
27
37
53
„      B	
4
26
30
33
70
103
Third Class,     ,,     A	
1
7
8
2
4
6
„               „      B	
3
1
3
1
5
1
5
1
10
2
1
1
2
2
42
90
132
108
119
227
In addition to the above number of teachers   in Rural  Districts, there were employed twenty-five
monitors, two males and twenty-three females, at the rate of $40 per month.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 199
The percentage of average daily attendance for all the schools of the Province was 63.29.
Taking into consideration the unusual prevalence during the year of epidemics incident to
childhood, these figures, which show a decrease of .71 when compared with those of the
previous year, must be considered as an exceedingly good record. It may be of interest to
state that, with the exception of Quebec, this percentage of average daily attendance is larger
than that attained by any of the other Provinces during the previous year. The fact cannot
be too strongly impressed upon the minds of parents that the steady advancement of their
children in their studies depends, in a very great measure, upon the regularity of their attendance at school.
The regulation requiring that recesses of a specified time be given each day is based upon
the fact that the pupils require relaxation from their studies and upon the importance and
the necessity of ventilating the school room at these times. It is apparent that the chief
object aimed at by this regulation is the proper guarding of the health of the pupils. Clause
3 (a) of the Rules and Regulations reads as follows :—" Each pupil shall be allowed the full
time allotted for recesses." The teacher who detains a pupil in the school-room during any
recess, or any portion thereof, for other cause than stormy or inclement weather, is guilty of a
violation of sub-section 10 of section 72 of the Public School Act (Revised Statutes).
When the pupils have retired, the opportunity is given to the teacher to obtain free ventilation and pure air in the room, the necessity of which is well known to every observant
instructor. The teacher is wholly justified in exercising his discretionary power in not allowing his pupils to go from a warm room into the open air on very stormy days.
In case no covered shed or spare room has been provided, the recesses can be spent in the
school room in calisthenics or other physical exercises, during which time the teacher should
use due effort towards securing proper ventilation, not failing to be guided by the laws of
hygiene at such times.
The healthy tone of a school as to order maintained and discipline observed is due
entirely to the worth and intelligence of the teacher. The maintenance of order is quite as
essential a part of school work as is the imparting of instruction and, to be effective, must be
accompanied with good disciplinary methods. It should be borne in mind that the true object
of discipline is to lead the pupil to learn self-control and to form right habits. It is, therefore,
the bounden duty of the teacher to train his pupils in all those elements which contribute to
the formation of a good character. He should feel his responsibility for the inculcation of the
many virtues that grace childhood, such as kindness, neatness, order, industry, obedience,
truthfulness, honesty, politeness, patriotism, etc., and he should recognize it to be as much his
duty to have his pupils as familiar with the Golden Rule as with the Multiplication Table.
The teacher has it in his power to so deeply engrave a knowledge of the difference between
good and evil upon the minds of his pupils that it will remain with them throughout life.
 200 Public Schools Report. 1897
PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS' EXAMINATION, 1897.
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the
Public Schools of the Province commenced on July 2nd, 1897, in the South Park School
Building, Victoria, in the High School Building, Vancouver, and in the Public School
Building, Kamloops.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were the Ven.
Archdeacon Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.), the Rev. W. D. Barber, M.A., the Rev. Principal Whit-
tington, M.A., B. Sa, and John W. Church, Esq., M.A.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of July 29th,
1897, as follows:—
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
Butchart, James Cooper, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1897.
Fraser, Annie E., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1897.
Foster, Frederick O., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1897.
Gordon, John Simpson, B. A., McGill University, Montreal, 1897.
Jay, Jonathan E., B.A., Sackville College, New Brunswick, 1897.
McMartin, Thomas A., B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1897.
O'Brien, Lewis J., B.A , University of Toronto, 1897.
Soady, John H, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1897.
First Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,950.) Marks
obtained.
Tait, David S  2676
Osborne, Norman A  2563
Strickland, Emanuel  2406
Langsford, William  2378
The following holders of Second Class, Grade A, Certificates passed the additional standard now required for First Class, Grade B, Certificates:—Maggie S. Blackbourne, Walter
Clayton, Ada B. Elmsly, George Kirkendall, Sarah A. Robinson, Elizabeth M. Speers, Albert
Sullivan, Mrs. Jennie Templer, Mary Williams.
Second Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,350.) Marks
obtained.
File, Arthur  2278
Green, John K  2234
Southcott, Florence  2221
Brown, Maimee S  2214
Hall, Robert J  2212
Webb, Caroline L  2208
Shelton, Henry C  2207
Harding, Mrs. J. M. H  2198
Mebius, Lucy A  2175
Wilson, Thomas A  2156
Bradley, Robert H     2153
Patterson, Jean  2140
Woodman, May  2136
Campbell, John A  2113
 61 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report. 201
Second Class—Grade A—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 3,350.)
Marks
obtained.
McTavish, Donald N ,  2111
Moss, Laura  2104
Cairns, Kate  2102
Elmsly, Florence N  2096
Huggard, Everard  2091
Beattie, Matthew  2071
Hartt, Flora E  2065
Ogilvie, William P  2061
Lawson, Ellen G  2051
Mercer, Thomas C  2030
Smith, Nettie C  2018
Mercer, Mary Ellen  2016
Taylor, Mrs. Frances E  2015
Sallaway, Joseph F  2014
Thomson, Dorathea M. M  2013
May, William H. M  2013
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,750.) Marks
obtained.
Mackenzie, William A  1685
Lukey, John T  1671
Trembath, Agnes  1630
Haarer, Mary P. .  1629
Keast, Ada      1616
Robertson, Jessie  1613
Canfield, Francis O  1606
Pearce, Emmeline      1603
MacFarlane, Mabel C  1600
Brechin, Robert  1595
Abercrombie, M. Lena  1593
McMillan, Jeannie B  1590
Matheson, Donald      1583
Cathcart, Isabel  1580
McNair, Laura  1580
Webster, Margaret B   1577
McKenzie, Kate M  1576
Kinney, William T  1571
Creech, Mary May  1569
Fraser, Marguerite A  1569
Smith, Katharine C  1569
Haldon, Alice M  1566
Stephenson, John J  1563
Hay, Alice  1560
Richardson, Charles H  1557
Loat, Gertrude J  1553
Arthur, Elsie M  1549
Bunting, Mabel G  1548
Howson, Christopher  1546
Bowman, Clytie L      1545
Lauder, Edith M  1542
Worlock, Ethel M  1541
Hewton, Sarah  1540
Wright, John  1538
Coghlan, Ella S  1536
 202 Public Schools Report. 1897
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.— Concluded
(Maximum Marks, 2,750.)
Marks
obtained.
Matheson, Addie  1534
Fraser, Donald A  1533
Fraser, Anna E  1529
Godson, Mabel  1527
Paris, James M  1526
MacLeod, John A  1525
Birnie, Ida E  1524
Brandon, John  1521
Glover, Rose E  1519
Dewar, Donald J  1519
Lyons, Estella Maud  1507
Stevenson, David E  1501
Blair, William   1498
McGregor, John C      1494
Murray, Elizabeth  1492
Ogle, Carrie E  1490
Pringle, Ella K  1490
Marshall, Grace H  1488
McKay, Minna G  1483
McLeod, Malcolm  1480
Edwards, Lilias M  1479
Knapp, Thomas E  1477
Bruce, Leslie J  1469
Harding, Elizabeth  1468
Sweeney, Jennie      1466
Homer, Mary S  1459
Strachan, Jane C  1457
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C  1447
Lettice, Edith M. N  1440
Lister, Ellen  1433
Teague, Julie A  1414
Noble, Clara A  1413
Catherwood, John A       1413
Parsons, Alice M. M -  1408
Fraser, Margaret  1402
Bone, Maude E  1401
Duncan, May G  1398
Stewart, Ethel  1396
McMartin, John J ,  1391
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne J  1389
Sayer, Elizabeth  1381
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,150.) Marks
obtained.
Blake, Mary J  1299
Freure, Edward W  1285
Crockford, Ethel J  1266
Reid, Jemima  1258
Barron, Isabel McL. F  1240
Nason, Roberta F  1202
Dyker, Jennie  1190
Raper, Emily  1186
Roberts, Emily F  1184
Kingston, Emily G  1162
 61 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report. 203
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 2,150.)
Marks
obtained.
Doran, Alice . ,  . 1160
Moore, Bibianne  1154
McAlpine, Sarah  1150
Donaldson, Nellie T.  1114
Knight, Margaret D ,  1110
Bond, Phoebe J  1106
Harrison, Alice V  1084
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,150.) Marks
obtained.
Mclver, Henrietta  1323
Swan, Clara W ,  1314
Johnstone, Ethel M  1263
Warren, Clara C  1244
Blair, J. Alfred  1236
Smith, Kate V  1233
Ashworth, Livingstone C  1225
Reid, Rosemary  1215
Norris, Marguerite E  1199
Marshall, Ha M  1188
Thornber, Charles L  1184
Fraser, Jennie G  1170
Creech, Jane E. W  1164
Lawford, Kate  1153
Fenton, Susie A  1131
Robinson, Esther  1129
Goostrey, George F  1126
Green, Emily M  1120
Muir, Sarah F  1117
Wilson, Nellie G  1117
Broderick, R. W. Tyndall  1111
Butler, Claud H  1109
Hopkins, Alice M  1096
McCallum, Ada E  1095
Moore, Jane  1082
Nicholas, Minnie E  1077
Johnston, Augustus M  1071
Shannon, Mary J  1067
Nightingale, Arabella C  1065
Cleveland, Jane M  1063
Marsden, Sarah , ,  1062
Griffiths, Ada W  1056
Evans, Jennie  1055
Ingles, Jessie M  1051
Mclnnes, Phoebe A  1050
Watson, Ralph R  1035
Colquhoun, Jessica  1030
Johnson, Margaret G  1027
Sivewright, William  1024
Abbott, Reginald C  1022
Wale, Alice M. M  1021
Hammond, Mrs. Esther A  1017
McCannel, Mary J  1017
Coghlan, Leonora M  1015
 204 Public Schools Report. 1897
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 2,150.)
Marks
obtained.
King, Ada B  1011
Bertiaux, Mrs. Katie  1006
Butler, Gladys A. K  1000
Godson, Grace A  996
MacLeod, Mary J  996
Bowman, Ida Rose  994
Wilson, Elizabeth  986
Beaclleston, Maud E  982
Ramsay, Mary  978
Fougner, Iver  968
Miller, Henry G  962
Ross, Barbara  948
Turner, Bertha  945
McRae, Margaret  935
John, Alice  902
Barrett, Charlotte G ,  872
Henderson, Alice G  866
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Adelaide S., McDougall, Archena J.,
Halliday, James A , Clyde, Thomas.
S. D. Pope, LL. D.,
Austin Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.),
William D. Barber, M.A., )-Board ofi Examiners.
R. Whittington, M.A., B.Sc,
John W. Church, M.A.,
Certificates have been granted in accordance with the recommendation of the Examiners.
JAMES BAKER,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,  Victoria, July 87th, 1897.
The examination was held, in accordance with the custom of the past few years,
simultaneously in Victoria, Vancouver and Kamloops.
The number of candidates was 239, of whom a 107 wrote in Victoria, 114 in Vancouver,
and 18 in Kamloops.
Of the whole number of applicants, 205 were successful in obtaining certificates as
follows:—
First Class, Grade A    8
First Class, Grade B 13
Second Class, Grade A 30
Second Class, Grade B     76
Third Class, Grade A 17
Third Class, Grade B 61
Thirty-two of the candidates failed to obtain a certificate of any class, and two withdrew
from the examination! on account of illness.
In addition to the above, four certificates for length of service were issued as provided for
in section 71 of the Public School Act (Revised Statutes).
Eight graduates of Canadian Universities succeeded in obtaining First Class, Grade A
certificates.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 205
Of the thirteen candidates who obtained First Class, Grade B certificates, four wrote on
all the prescribed subjects, and the remaining nine, holders of Second Class, Grade A
certificates, passed the additional standard required for the next higher certificate
Neatness and accuracy in the execution of work displayed in the papers of those endeavoring to qualify as teachers may be taken as an index of what may be expected to be found in
their school-rooms, and it is gratifying to be able to state that considerable improvement in
these respects was shown at this examination.
A grave error is committed when the candidate imagines that a knowledge of some of the
higher subjects will compensate for the lack of a good foundation in the common English
branches. It will be readily conceded that the five most important subjects of an ordinary
education are good reading, correct spelling, neat writing, knowledge of practical arithmetic
and ability to express thought in an intelligent and graceful manner, both in speech and on paper.
Every applicant for a teacher's certificate should regard these subjects as of paramount
importance, failure in any one of which must lead to disappointment.
 206 Public Schools Report. 1897
REPORT  OF  INSPECTOR  WILSON.
"Victoria, November, 1897.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report for
1896-97:—
"As far as I have been able to judge, the teachers of our schools, as a body, have
worked during the past year with an earnestness and intelligence that call for commendation.
All are not equally successful, for natural aptitude and educational capacity differ, but I am
satisfied that much real work has been done that will stand the test of time and circumstance.
A greater desire than heretofore has been displayed by teachers to keep themselves prepared
in their work. Evidences of this are shown in the large attendance at the meetings of the
different Teachers' Institutes established throughout the Province.
" RFhAding and Spelling.
" As pupils must be able to read in order to study, it is highly necessary to teach this
subject with great thoroughness. In the schools visited, there was little fault to find with the
amount of time and attention devoted to reading; in fact, the work of each day usually
commences with this exercise. As to the results secured, it is but proper to report that a fair
degree of excellence has in general been attained, although very expressive reading seems to
be as uncommon as in former years. Teachers have, as a rule, endeavored to make their
pupils understand the meaning of the selections to be read. This is necessary, for ability to
read well presupposes power to understand thoroughly what is read, but it also presupposes
power to give expression to this in a clear, forcible, and effective manner. A general criticism
on much of the poor reading heard is that it is too monotonous in consequence of the pupil
being without that which is requisite to produce varied and natural expression.
"'All spelling is for the sake of composition, and it has no other purpose.' The
suggestion has been frequently made in my reports that the subject-matter for school compositions be largely taken from other studies. Such a course, if properly pursued, should
increase the child's vocabulary, and thus give him practical acquaintance with new words, so
that they could be reproduced without copy and with perfect accuracy.
" As far as the ability to spell the words in the reading lessons and the speller is concerned,
considerable proficiency has generally been attained by the various pupils examined. I have,
however, at times observed that pupils were unable to spell the principal words used in other
subjects of study, such as physiology, geography, history, etc. This defect has no doubt
arisen from the neglect of teachers constantly to direct attention to the forms of new words.
Spelling is by some authorities said to be learned by reading, but it would seem to depend
upon the power of seeing with precision. It is in this way only that I can account for the
inability of some children to spell anatomy, physiology and hygiene, although these words had
been before their eyes for months, printed on the front covers of their text-books in these
allied subjects. In connection with this matter, I would, therefore, suggest to teachers that
pupils be required to prepare the spelling of all the terms used in the different subjects of study,
such as geography, grammar, history, physiology, etc., and that these spelling lessons run
concurrently with the regular lessons in these subjects.
"Writing.
" The introduction of the vertical system into the schools seems to have awakened a new
interest in writing, and, to say the least, the experiment will be valuable in many ways.
Although the system may not have the approval of those who have been successful in teaching
the sloping hand, it has grown in favour with remarkable rapidity, and, to all appearances, has
found a permanent place in our school economy.
" In some schools the vertical system only has been taught, in others both the vertical
and slanting systems have been in use.    One peculiarity in regard to the introduction of the
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 207
upright style must be mentioned, viz.: that in some instances it has been largely confined to
the copy-books, the teachers apparently forgetting to supplement the practice therein by
having the same style followed in all written work. It is true that the pupils had no model
before them when the writing lesson was ended, but this should be supplied by having the
written alphabet in vertical letters (both small and capital) placed at the top of the blackboard for constant reference by the pupils. Such a plan has been adopted in many schools
with beneficial results.
" In my last report, the statement was made that the teacher who would make a success
of vertical writing must first learn it himself, as he will then have met and overcome the
difficulties his pupils are sure to encounter. Several cases have come under my notice where
teachers have succeeded in acquiring a good command of this style, with the result that a
noticeable improvement has been effected in the penmanship of their pupils.
"Arithmetic.
" Though some fail in arithmetic, yet the subject has been generally well treated in the
majority of the schools visited. There is room for an improvement in the direction of
neatness and methodical arrangement of the work. Errors could sometimes be traced to
badly formed figures and hurried writing.
" In this study, what children most need is such a knowledge as will enable them to
perform accurately and with reasonable facility such calculations as are daily required in the
ordinary transactions of life. It is this training that the public schools seek to give. In
addition to the instruction imparted, arithmetic, above all other elementary studies, should
secure exactness in thinking and doing. Indeed, if the strictest accuracy is insisted upon in
all school work, pupils will thus get a preparation for actual life, where this quality of accuracy
is a matter of the highest importance.
" The following notes, suggested by the observations of the past year, may prove useful:—
"1. The first steps in arithmetic should be illustrated objectively, but such illustration
should not be continued after the properties of a number have been thoroughly understood.
"2. Tables of weights and measures and the fundamental operations in fractions should,
as far as possible, be taught objectively.
" 3. In some classes pupils might, with profit, be required to invent problems for the
other members to solve.
" 4. The method of solving every problem should be stated by one or more of the pupils
under instruction.
" 5. A fair proportion of time should be given to oral instruction as well as to written
exercises.
" 6. Frequent reviews are necessary. Once a week at least, a portion of the time set apart
for arithmetic should be devoted to review exercises.
" Grammar.
" The teaching of grammar aims principally at enabling the pupil to recognize the parts
of speech, and to analyze sentences as to structure and as to syntax. The elementary as well
as the advanced work in this subject has been, in the majority of instances, carefully done.
There were, as often happens, classes that had not made as much progress as could be desired,
while there were others that had been unduly hurried over the simple steps only to be
confronted with topics almost beyond their comprehension.
"Analysis and parsing have generally been taken together, and the one made to assist
the other. Care should be exercised by teachers to graduate the difficulty of the examples set
for practice. The work of analysis is, as a rule, made a written exercise. Pupils are required
to write out a sentence or two; the exercises are then corrected, and the matter may end
there. In addition to the necessary written exercises, there should be a good deal of oral
work, as in this way a much larger amount of practice may be secured, and the most
important points can, by skilful questioning, be brought to the attention of the pupils.
"Composition.
" Of late years language teaching has been the subject of especial attention—a course that
is both wise and necessary.    The most important factor in language teaching in the public
 208 Public Schools Report. 1897
schools is composition. Oral composition work is constantly going on, being connected with
all branches of study. As to the child's acquirement of the use of written language, the first
and necessary condition is that he write, not once or twice in a month, or even in a week, but
daily, if possible.
" In the schools visited during the past year, increased attention has been given to this
important subject, and, as a result, better work has been secured, but there is still much to be
done. Pupils too often neglect to divide their compositions or letters into separate sentences.
This not because they have any deep-rooted objection to the use of capitals and periods, but
because they fail to recognize the limitations of a sentence. The apostrophe, they know,
denotes possession, but it does not always occur to them to use it. Lessons have undoubtedly
been given on the use of quotation marks, and many examples dictated for the sake of practice,
but they often quite forget to apply the theory they have been at so much pains to learn.
Every paragraph contains but one topic, and is composed of a number of sentences ; but our
tyros may compress a dozen topics into one paragraph, and sometimes even into one sentence.
" Written composition should be begun as soon as pupils can write and spell with some
degree of ease. Reproduction would naturally constitute the work of the lower classes, for
originality must be left until the mind is more mature. Pains should be taken from the outset
to enlarge and improve the child's vocabulary, by suggesting to him, for the expression of his
thoughts, better words than he himself has chosen. He should be trained to recognize when
a sentence naturally closes, and should be warned against running distinct sentences together.
Every new thing he tells makes a new sentence. When the necessity arises, it is explained
that after and he need not use a capital, because and can fasten the two thoughts together in
one sentence. With the assistance of the many available books on composition, together with
the valuable hints to be found in every educational paper worthy of the name, the teacher
should have little trouble in maintaining a growing interest in his pupils' written productions.
" The correction of oral errors in language made by pupils is a matter worthy of some
attention. A list of these mistakes would probably show defects in pronunciation, double
negatives, wrong forms of pronouns, verbs that do not agree with subjects, mistakes in the use
of principal parts of verbs, <fec, &o. It is suggested that these be taken up one at a time, and
that both oral and written work be directed against it, in order that all such mistakes be
systematically drilled out of the language of the children.
"Geography.
" As long as there has been a system of elementary education, there has been something
of geography included. This subject is very early presented in the schools of the Province,
and is, in general, one that is studied by pupils with both interest and profit. Instruction in
geography is improving year by year, although there is still little taught to give unity to the
many isolated details furnished in such number.
" The first steps in geography consist of observational work. The pupils ought thus to
get the basis for clear conceptions of those features that lie beyond their range of observation.
After the making of observations, should come their reproduction in the form of descriptions,
models, maps, &c. The description of features that have been seen, and their representation
by maps and models lead the pupils fully to realize what maps and descriptions really mean.
In this way they acquire the ability to read with ease and full understanding the maps and
descriptions which constitute the medium of the larger part of their later studies. In descriptive geography, the observational and representative work of others than themselves is made
the basis of study. The pupils cannot, therefore, study the earth's surface, but a ' description
of the earth's surface'; hence, descriptive geography must occupy much the largest portion of
their attention. The common mistake is that it embraces too much of it, to the neglect of the
observational and representative efforts which are necessary to give the study its fullest value.
" In this Province, with its endless variety of physical features, there is no lack of
material for geographical conceptions. This wealth of material is, however, not sufficiently
utilized in teaching the usual geographical definitions. As observation begins the work in
geography, so it should be continued through the entire course and beyond it. It is here that
a weakness is to be observed in the work of some of the schools. After the first brief appeal
to observation, the instruction is confined to map and text-book. The attention given in the
senior classes to representation is usually well sustained, and, as a consequence, map-drawing
is very often quite a feature in connection with the geography lesson. But it is in the
elementary stage where greater care than heretofore should be given to the  reproduction of
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 209
observations in the form of maps, &c. The junior classes would then be able really to understand the meaning of a map; for to some of them, I fear, it is but a piece of coloured paper—
not the means of recalling a reality.
"History.
"As on former occasions, it was sometimes found that the study of British or Canadian
History had not been taken up at the required time. The reason urged was either that the
class had just been promoted, or that it was intended soon to have the subject commenced.
With these exceptions, considerable attention has been given to history, and a fair degree of
progress secured. The relation of geography to history seems to be more or less recognized,
and the effort made to assist the understanding and the memory by connecting the event with
the place. In British History, the information has been too frequently grouped under
monarchs instead of under leading events, but a knowledge of the dates of accession has been
carefully fixed in the minds of pupils. These are of service as a means of localizing events in
time, not only while at school, but in after years. The plan usually adopted in Canadian
History has been to study the various periods into which our history naturally divides itself.
" ' History is a difficult subject to teach, if anything beyond the memorizing of certain
groups of facts is aimed at, and it is to benefit the pupil as it ought to do. The difficulties do
not arise from uncertainty as to how the truths should be presented, or from the complexity
of the method to be employed, but are mainly due to the subject itself, which appeals to the
imagination and necessitates a vividness and realism of treatment that are not easy to secure.'
" It is to these difficulties that teachers should address themselves, nor should the
emotional elements—moral teaching—be forgotten. The moral influence of the history lesson
is said to be a great responsibility, for through it may be created an impulse in favour of all
that is good, as well as a prejudice in favour of our home—patriotism.
"Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene..
"The work under this head has, for the most part, been commenced with the text-book
at the required time, and has proved of an interesting and valuable character. But to get a
thorough mastery of the elementary principles of anatomy, physiology, and hygiene, it is not
enough to study the text. As in other science subjects, a series of practical experiments are
made, both by teacher and pupils, so should physiology be illustrated on the same general
principles. In this study it is almost impossible to get an intelligent idea of the text, together
with that practical knowledge which is so desirable, without the aid of specimens and experiments. It is plain that any series of experiments arranged for use in the public schools must
be somewhat crude, but the simplest experiments become, in the hands of the enthusiastic and
skilful teacher, of the greatest value and interest. Some of the teachers have collected a
number of representative objects to aid them in this work. There has, too, been a limited
effort made to summon experiment as an additional help to gain a more thorough knowledge
of this useful branch of study. To those teachers who are anxious for further information on
this matter, I would recommend ' Our Bodies and How We Live,' by Dr. Alfred F. Blaisdell,
as a useful book of reference.
" There has been an increase in the number of pupils who study temperance as a separate
subject. In fact, all the pupils who have studied anatomy, physiology, and hygiene, could very
properly be reported as having received instruction in temperance, for it is well nigh impossible
to teach hygiene without including temperance as one of its divisions.
" Drawing.
" The interest in form study and drawing seems annually to increase, that is, if such a
conclusion is justifiable from the fact that, during the past year, a larger number of pupils
than ever before received instruction therein. But I fear that the educational or other value
of the instruction given is small. In some instances, a little drawing on slates has been introduced, for the sake of adding variety to the routine of school-work—in itself a desirable thing;
in others, pupils have been supplied with drawing books, and have had a regular time set
apart for this exercise, which generally consists of little but copying.
" Drawing is now much used in connection with other studies, to illustrate the facts
taught, so that their truth may be objectively recognized by the eye.    It may be employed to
 210 Public Schools Report. 1897
illustrate facts taught in arithmetic, especially in connection with fractions, with long, square,
and cubic measures, &c. Illustrative sketches serve as valuable aids in teaching geography,
history, physiology, and other subjects. All of our teachers may not possess the moderate
amount of skill required to apply drawing as just indicated, but it is well to remember that
even poor drawing is better than none.
" I must add that something has been done in the direction referred to, and that some
teachers have even gone to the expense of securing instruction in drawing, in order the more
effectually to employ this agency in their work.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
" D. Wilson,
"Inspector of Schools.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent ofi Education."
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 211
REPORT OF INSPECTOR BURNS.
"Victoria, December, 1897.
"Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the accompanying general
report on the work done in the schools of this Province during the school-year ending 1896-97.
"The interest taken by our teachers in the various Institutes held during the year, as
well as the discussions on the opinions advanced in the papers read, show plainly that there is
a great anxiety for improvement in professional work. Hence we might reasonably expect to
find evidences of real progress in our schools, and I have great pleasure in stating, from my
own observations, that such improvement has taken place, and that the majority of our
teachers are endeavouring to keep the true interests of the pupils constantly before their
minds, and are striving not only for the mental and physical, but also for the moral advancement of those under their charge.
" Reading and Spelling.
" The subject of reading still deservedly continues to occupy special attention in our
schools. Until the pupil possesses the power of reading fluently and understands the meaning
of what is read, but little good can be done with subjects like history, which depend chiefly on
the pupil's own study.
"I have found some teachers who make a practice of asking the meaning of some phrase
or statement in the portion read by each pupil, thus requiring from them a preparation of this
part of their work. It would be well if this practice were more prevalent, as thus the reading
lesson becomes a language lesson in every respect.
" In a few schools the children are not obliged to speak out with sufficient clearness to be
plainly understood. There can be no excuse for allowing this defect to continue, and the
teacher should spare no pains to obtain from his pupils clear utterance of every word read.
Unfortunately the teacher appears to accept the absence of distinct enunciation as an established custom and, considering it useless to attempt to change it, gives himself no further
trouble in the matter. Where this fault has been found by me to exist, I have urged the
teachers to remedy it, and trust that when next inspected these schools will be found to show
considerable improvement.
" It may be noticed that in our readers the compilers have introduced in various pieces
names of places famous in the world's history. The proper pronunciation of these names
should be carefully studied by the teacher when preparing the lesson for the class. Unfortunately, in some instances it is occasionally evident that the teacher has not consulted a
Gazetteer as to how they are to be pronounced, and the pupils are thus taught an incorrect
pronunciation of words which they will certainly require to use. It is also to be hoped that
the teacher will make special and careful use of the lists of words at the end of the Third and
Fourth Readers (new edition).
" Spelling continues to have much attention given to it by the majority of our teachers,
and the results appear to be always commensurate with the care bestowed upon it. Constant
drill, frequent repetition of errors, oral and written lessons are all necessary to secure proficiency in this subject. Short and frequent lessons are also specially advantageous in producing good results. Accuracy of spelling, good writing and neatness should be required in
every dictation exercise, if also correct use of capitals and stops is attended to, then this
exercise furnishes an excellent link between the reading and composition lessons ; but unless
there is a thorough supervision of the lesson by the teacher, and a careful correction of errors
by the scholar, the lesson is worse than useless, serving only to fix mistakes more firmly on the
mind.    In many schools this supervision could be made more efficient than it has been.
" Writing.
" Generally speaking, more care has been given to this subject than formerly, and in many
schools excellent specimens of handwriting have been shown to me, not only in thp copy-books,
 212 Public Schools Report. 1897
but in the ordinary work of the school. This is as it should be. To allow a pupil who can
write well in a copy-book to present an almost illegible exercise, shows want of care and knowledge on the teacher's part. Good writing must become a habit to be useful in later years, and
to inculcate this habit is really the aim of our teaching. Unfortunately, there are yet enough
teachers who neglect this subject both in their own work and in that of their pupils, to justify
calling attention to it.
" In most schools the vertical system is now adopted. It would be well therefore for our
teachers to become acquainted with this style also, as should they remove to schools where it
has been adopted, it will be unwise for them to attempt a change, and equally unwise to try
and teach that of which they themselves are ignorant. Some teachers, on being required to
give more care to the pupil's writing in the vertical style, have excused themselves for neglect
by saying they had never learned it, forgetting that it is a teacher's duty to be able to teach
all the subjects required in our schools by the Regulations.
" I would add that one of the best specimens of writing I have seen this year, was done
by a boy in one of our rural schools.
" Arithmetic.
" In most of the schools visited by me, the first hour of the school-day has generally been
occupied with instruction in arithmetic. The work in this branch is usually well done in
regard to correctness and arrangement, although in respect to neatness, much improvement can
be made in many schools. Our teachers must remember that arithmetic can be used to train
the pupils in habits of careful and cleanly work, as well as in the knowledge of the art of
figures. Nor must it be forgotten that frequent repetition of the simple rules is required to
produce accuracy. This fact has been so frequently insisted on in previous reports that it
would be hardly necessary to mention it, were it not that some of our younger teachers evidently consider that their classes are unable to forget either their knowledge or skill, and consequently neglect frequent revision.
"In our rural schools but few of the pupils will be likely to use more than practical
arithmetic in their future life; therefore, all problems should, as much as possible, be suited to
their environments, by this means interest as well as usefulness will be added to the work
accomplished.
"Mental arithmetic generally receives a proper share of the time given to arithmetic. It
has frequently been requisite to draw the attention of teachers to the close connection that
should be made between the mental and written work, and to urge them to use mental arithmetic to simplify and shorten the work written down. In fact, if much of the hidden work is
done mentallv, instead of being first set down, and then rubbed out before the exercise is given
in, the pupils will acquire that facility in dealing with figures mentally, which is requisite in
all business calculations.
"Grammar and Composition.
" The formal study of grammar is usually commenced, as directed in the Manual, with the
pupils in the Third Reader. Generally, also, oral grammar is commenced at an earlier period,
and thus forms an excellent introduction to the more logical work. In a few cases ' grammar
is taught for grammar's sake,' but a more intelligent view of the true use of grammatical
knowledge is leading to a disuse of technicalities when not really needed, as a matter of convenience. Grammar to be useful must be practical, as its real function is ' to fix in the pupil's
mind a standard of accurate usage,' and thus to render his power of expression, whether in
oral or written composition more clear and precise. Hence grammar should never be treated
as a separate subject from composition, and should be used to correct the ordinary mistakes of
colloquial language, as well as the more elaborately prepared puzzles of our grammars.
" Composition receives much attention from the pupils, and frequent exercises are given
to them requiring reproduction of pieces read, or original compositions. It is to be regretted
that sufficient care is not always given to the correction of errors in spelling, grammar or
punctuation in these exercises, and thus much of their benefit to the pupil is lost. I have, in
several schools, read excellent compositions written by the various classes, showing that great
care had been given by the teacher to this subject. In many schools I have asked for letters
to be given in, and usually these have been correct as to form and arrangement.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 213
" Geography.
" This continues still to be a weak subject in our schools. Perhaps this weakness is due
to the desire to do too much, or to get over the work too rapidly. If this subject were more
frequently combined with the reading lesson or the history lesson, interest would be added to
it, and thus more progress made. The wall maps are not used as frequently as they could be,
nor are the pupils set to draw and fill in outline maps of the countries studied. Again, in
many of our schools excellent globes are provided. On calling a class up to this lesson, and
asking for a place to be found on the globe, I have noticed so much hesitation or awkwardness
in the way of turning it as to prove conclusively that doing so was a novelty to the pupil, and
thus a most valuable piece of school apparatus had become a mere ornament.
"Still in some schools the subject appears well handled. For example, while walking one
day from a school, I overtook a few of the pupils standing around some puddles in the road,
and heard them discussing the similarity of shape of these puddles to Lake Superior and the
other Great Lakes. No other proof was necessary to show that their teacher had not merely
taught them to commit a lot of names to memory, but had drawn their attention to form and
shape, possibly by means of outline drawings. Surely what one teacher can do, others can also
accomplish, and thus make this subject more useful to the pupils than it is at present.
" History.
" This also continues to be a subject in the teaching of which but little advance has been
made. Possibly this is due to some of the teachers themselves not having been taught that it
is the connection and bearing of events, rather than the individual fact itself, that constitutes true history. In British as well as Canadian history, the subject should be taught in
periods, for in this way only can the connection be shown, and the interest of the pupils in
the lessons be fully maintained. There should also be more frequent reference to the relative
geographical position of the various places mentioned in the lesson, and thus a clearer idea will
be given of the causes of many of the political changes. As one object for the teaching of
history is to make intelligent citizens, those chapters in Canadian history dealing with constitutional government, should receive more attention, and have more explanation than are commonly given to them.
" Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene.
"Although these subjects continue to be well taught as a school-lesson, yet much remains
to be done to make them of more practical value. The great aim should be to teach hygiene
—to show how to avoid contagion, how to prevent disease, and how to apply simple aids and
remedies The teacher should impress the importance of cleanliness and ventilation while
dealing with this subject, and in fact always keep the practical side of it in view. Book-
knowledge, consisting of names and descriptions of the various functions of the body, are in
themselves useless. This should be considered as only the stepping-stones to reach the knowledge required, and not be treated as though it were an object worthy of attainment.
"In all our schools I have found the sub-branch of temperance specially dwelt upon
whenever an opportunity presented itself, and the lessons of temperance carefully impressed
upon the pupils.
" Acting under your special instructions I have endeavoured, in all schools visited by me,
to give special attention to the sanitary arrangements of the school. Generally speaking, I
have found the rooms clean and neat in their appearance, and the grounds and out-houses in
proper condition, showing that careful supervision is given by the teachers, and interest taken
by the trustees in all that concerns the health of the pupils. In some districts, however, there
is yet much to be done in this respect. A small amount of work would often suffice to keep
fences in proper condition, and grounds clear of weeds or brush-wood, and slight repairs to
roof or doors of out-houses, will frequently be productive of comfort and avoid more serious
outlay in the future. It is manifestly the duty of the trustees to see that the school property
is carefully looked after, and every part in a sanitary condition. When this has been neglected,
special attention has been given to bring these requirements to the notice of the Board, and to
request that the necessary repairs or improvements be attended to at once.
" It has been pleasant to find that more attention has been given to ornamentation by the
planting of suitable shade-trees.    In many districts, however, but little has been done to orna-
 214 Public Schools Report. 1897
ment the school-ground. If the pupils were encouraged to plant a few trees each year in their
play ground, or to plant ivy over unsightly stumps or rocks, the children would themselves
soon take great interest in the preservation and growth of the plants, and the grounds, in a
few years' time, would become an ornament to the locality.
" I cannot do better in conclusion than quote some remarks from a paper on ' Teaching,
a fine art' published in Chambers' Journal: 'The teacher must not be a lifeless note of interrogation.' Rather he should be the match that fires the train to his pupils' thoughts. An
able teacher is never satisfied with the knowledge that he may possess at any time during his
career of teaching, but keeps himself in constant training by fresh draughts hastily snatched
during recreation hours, and he has his reward in finding that his own mind is receiving the
best possible culture ; for, as the Latin proverb says : ' If you would be wise, read ; if more
wise, study; if wisest of all, teach.'"
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
" William Burns,
" Inspector of Schools."
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL. P.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria."
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 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 215
REPORTS OF BOARDS OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES OF CITY DISTRICTS.
City of Nanaimo.
Board of School Trustees.
William McGregor, Esq., Chairman, Jos. H. Davison, Esq.,
Edward Quennell, Esq., F. B. Le Feuvre, Esq.,
Ralph Smith, Esq., J. Martell, Esq.,
Wm. Manson, Esq.,
S. Gough, Secretary.
"Nanaimo, 18th October, 1897.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the report of the Board of Public School
Trustees of Nanaimo City School District, for the year ending 30th June, 1897.
" Early in the present year, it was decided to remove the senior divisions of the North and
South Ward Schools to the Central School. This was accomplished by the middle of March
and the whole school re-graded. The results obtained at the Midsummer Examinations
justified the change.
" To afford the Principal of the school a better opportunity of visiting the various
divisions, a pupil from the High School is each day placed for an hour or two in charge of one
of the rooms. The plan is working satisfactorily and has the double advantage of permitting
a closer supervision by the Principal while giving the pupils from the High School the benefit
of practical lessons in teaching.
" On the removal of the senior divisions of the Ward Schools to the Central School, the
third and fourth divisions were placed in the rooms on the third floor, but before doing so the
Trustees bad a substantial iron fire-escape constructed, providing easy egress from that floor.
Regular fire-drill is maintained and although the average attendance is nearly 600, when an
alarm is given the whole building is emptied in less than a minute.
" By the kindness of a number of our residents our Central School grounds, for the
purposes of recreation, have been greatly improved by the erection of a ' giant stride' for the
boys and a number of swings for the girls.
" Throughout the year, meetings have been held regularly by the Trustees for the transaction of business. The needs of the schools have all been attended to from time to time, and
the most cordial relations exist between the Board and the teaching staff.
" Enclosed please find a statement of the expenditure for the year ending 30th June,
1897, also a list of the value of school properties.
" 1 have, etc.,
" S. Gough,
" S. B. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria."
" Secretary.
 216
Public Schools Report.
1897
Statement for the Year ending June 30th,  1897.
Expenditures.
Amount paid for
Teachers' Salaries.
Amount paid for
Incidental Expenses.
Amount paid for
School Sites,
construction of
School Buildings,
&c.
Amount paid for
Furniture and
Repairs.
Amount paid for
other purposes.
Total.
$10,502.50
$2,132
$2,990.84
$239.81
$298.75
$16,163.90
School Property.
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$3,000
$ 2,450
$ 5,750
f
Wood,
1
1895-6j
with stone
basement.
},0
78,672      n
1,900
5,000
17,250
24,150
1892-3
3
18,216        r,
200
1,400
2,825
4,425
South Ward 	
1892
2
18,612
200
800
1,900
2,900
$37,225
" Nanaimo, 18th October, 1897"
" S. Gough,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees
City of New  Westminster.
Board of School Trustees.
James Cunningham, Esq., Chairman,
G. W. Boggs, Esq., M.D.,
John McKenzie, Esq.,
Thomas Gifford, Esq.,
F. W. Howay, Esq., Secretary.
J. B. Cherry, Esq.,
Alfred Smither, Esq.,
Edward Johnston, Esq.,
"New Westminster, September 16th, 1897.
"Sir,—I have much pleasure in forwarding to you the annnal report of the Board of
School Trustees of New Westminster for the school-year ending June 30th, 1897.
 PA
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 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
217
" During the past year the Board has held eighteen meetings. The keen interest of the
Trustees in the schools is manifested from the attendance at these meetings.
" The number of children in attendance at the schools is continually increasing, as the
monthly reports forwarded you from time to time show, and in a very short time more accommodation will be required.
"In the Spring of 1896, a monitor was appointed to take charge of a division of the
Central Girls' School, formed from parts of the 3rd and 4th Divisions. The attendance in
this room has increasad so much that at the beginning of 1897 the Board made the room into
a division (4th) of the school.
" New out-buildings in connection with Central Boys' School have been built; the whole
heating apparatus of the Central Girls' School, which has given so much trouble in the past,
has been rearranged and the furnace bricked in, to conserve the heat; Central Boys' School,
as well as Westside and Sapperton Schools, have been repainted and the school grounds
improved and beautified. In the Central School grounds a few years ago the Board planted
two rows of maple trees which have grown to such an extent that soon a beautiful shady walk
will extend around part of the grounds.
" On Sixth Street, opposite the Central School grounds, the Dominion Government has
erected a commodious armory. The Minister of Militia has kindly granted the Board the
liberty of using the same when required, and the Board has found the building very useful
for the closing exercises of the schools and for grouping the children for practice in singing.
" The expenses of the schools for the year 1896 amounted to $18,178.00, of which amount
$16,276.00 was for salaries, and the remainder $1,952.00 for incidental expenses.
"The thanks of the Board are due to Mr. W. G. Armstrong, Warden of the Provincial
Gaol, for the use of the chaingang in keeping the school-grounds in suitable condition.
" I enclose herewith the annual returns of expenditures and of the estimated values of
school properties in this City.
" I have, <fec,
"F. W. Howay,
1' Secretary.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
'' Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th,  1897.
Expenditures.
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid for
incidental expenses.
Amount paid for
School sites, construction of
School Buildings,
&c.
Amount paid
for furniture
and repairs.
Amount   paid
for other
purposes.
Total.
$15,111.60
Janitors & Sec'y.$1,014.00
Coal and wood..      468.44
Water      240.00
$1,722.44
$770.16
$250.26
$363.30
$18,217.76
 218
Public Schools Report.
1897
School Property.
Names of School Buildings.
Central School	
it (addition
Central (new school) . . .
Westside	
Sapperton 	
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Wood
41
1888
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1891
Brick
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1889
Wood
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$ 2,0001
Reserve of 6
I   1,100
2,000  -
acres.
J   3,500
$18,000
25,000 J
2 lots—100 x
100 ft. each.
|      400
800
1,000
8 city lots.
600
1,600
3,000
$52,600
2,200
5,200
$60,000
" New  Westminster, September 20th, 1897."
"F. W. Howay,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
City of Vancouver.
Board of School Trustees.
G. R. Gordon, Esq., Chairman., G C. Eldridge, Esq.,
0. W. Murray, Esq., Secretary, W. D. Brydone-Jack, Esq., M. D.,
Wm. Templeton, Esq., J. J. Logan, Esq.,
W. J. McGuigan, Esq., M. D.
" Vancouver, Sept. 4th, 1897.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the Report of the Board of School Trustees
of Vancouver for the school-year ending June 30th, 1897.
"At the beginning of the school year the Board deemed it advisable to appoint a truant
officer. I am pleased to state that this appointment has resulted in materially increasing our
school attendance.
" Although a number of our rooms have been overcrowded, the work of the teachers, with
few exceptions, has been satisfactory. Several changes have taken place on the teaching
staff. The Board, as a whole, regretted very much the resignation of Mr. Cowperthwaite, to
whose energetic and faithful services the success of the Central School was largely due.
"At the request of the Board, the City Council submitted a by-law for $70,000.00, for the
purpose of erecting additions to the following school buildings, viz.:—West End, East End
and Mount Pleasant.
" With the exception of the East End, which is a separate building, they are an exact
counterpart of the former buildings. Affording as they do twenty-four additional rooms, we
confidently expect that these will be ample school accommodation for the next two years.
" While a number of the graduates of our High School have given good satisfaction,
owing largely to their natural ability, the desirability of establishing a Provincial Normal
School is very apparent, and we trust that the Government will, at the ensuing session, make
provision for this much needed institution.
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 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
219
" Enclosed is a statement of the expenditure for the school year ; also a memo, of the
value of school properties.
" Trusting that the friendly relations which have heretofore existed between the Department and this Board may continue,
" I have, etc.,
"C. W. Murray,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
"rt?. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
"Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th,  1897.
Expenditures.
Amount paid for
Teachers' Salaries.
Amount paid for
Incidental Expenses.
Amount paid for
School sites, construction of
School Buildings,
&c.
Amount paid for
furniture and
repairs.
Amount paid for
other purposes.
Total.
$36,343.35
$11,034.26
$13,103.12
$60,480.73
School Property.
Names of School Buildings.
Mt. Pleasant (new
a (old)
East	
West (new)	
»     (old)	
High	
Central   	
Fairview	
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Brick
8
1888
Wood
3
1890
Brick
8
1892
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8
1888
Wood
3
1892
Brick
8
1889
n
8
1895
Wood
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$1,800
$10,000
$30,000
175x150   ,,
300
4,000
2,500
800x264    ,,
1,800
26,000
25,000
950 x 264    ,i
1,800
27,000
30,000
264x122    it
300
6,000
4,000
200x250    „
2,100
16,000
30,000
250 x 265    „
1,900
32,000
25,000
520x264    „
700
18,200
3,250
$41,800
6,800
52,800
58,800
10,300
48,100
58,900
22,150
$299,650
Vancouver, September 4th, 1897."
"C. W. Murray,
"Secretary, Board ofi School Trustees.
 220 Public Schools Report. 1897
City of Victoria.
Board of School Trustees.
Charles Hayward, Esq., Chairman, R. B. McMicking, Esq.,
Mrs. Margaret Jenkins, A. L. Belyea, Esq.,
Dr. Lewis Hall, Mrs. Helen Grant,
J. Stuart Yates, Esq , M. A.,
B. Williams, Esq., Secretary.
"Victoria, 10th December, 1897.
"Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the report of the Board of School Trustees
of Victoria City School District, for the year ending 30th June, 1897.
" In consequence of a communication from the City Building Inspector, and after the
report of an architect, the Board on the 12th August closed the North Ward School for
repairs which were necessitated apparently by faulty construction in the building when
erected. The repairs were at once carried out under Mr. W. Ridgway-Wilson, architect, in
accordance with the directions of the City Building Inspector, who, on the 19th September
reported the necessary repairs complete and the building perfectly safe. The classes attending
that school, which had in the mean time occupied the Rock Bay and Hillside School Rooms,
as well as Johns Bros. Hall, the Protestant Orphans' Home, and the Methodist Sunday School
Room, were then reassembled in their own building.
" The Board deemed an investigation into the defects of the building necessary, but
having in themselves no power to hold such investigation, or to appoint a committee to do so,
it was suggested to the Municipal Council to institute an enquiry under sections 43 and 44
of the 'Municipal Clauses Act, 1896.'
"The Municipal Council forthwith appointed Aldermen Marchant, McMillan and
Williams a select committee to enquire into the matter.
"The committee sat at intei-vals from the 15th September until the 23rd October, and
heard the evidence of members of the Board, architects, contractors and others, and reported
to the Municipal Council, a synopsis of that report being published in the daily press under
dates of the 16th and 17th November, 1896.
" On October the 9th, the Board decided by resolution, that hereafter no application for a
position on the teaching staff of the City Public Schools be considered, unless the applicant
holds a certificate not lower than a Second Class, Grade B.
" The result of the election in January, 1897, was to continue Mr. Hayward as a member,
and to add as new members of the Board, Mrs. Margaret Jenkins and Dr. Lewis Hall.
" The Board has thus had two lady members since that date.
" The Board in January forwarded to the City Council in addition to the estimate of
ordinary expenditure a request that the sum of $17,000 might be placed at their disposal for
making necessary alterations in construction and ventilation in the Central and High School
buildings. By resolution the Council disapproved of the request, and the Board thereupon
exercised its right under the provisions of section 8 of the ' Public School Act Amendment
Act, 1893,' and formally requested the Council through the Mayor to submit for the assent
of the electors a by-law to provide the above amount. The by-law was accordingly placed
before the rate-payers, and they decided that the very necessary alterations in the construction
and ventilation of the school buildings situate at the head of Fort Street should not be undertaken during the year 1897.
" The Board has been called together for the dispatch of business twenty-two times during
the year, and has on each occasion had a quorum present at the hour named in the notice.
" During the year the Board has received and turned over to the City Treasurer the sum
of $473 for High School permits for pupils attending that institution who are over sixteen
years of age. One hundred and seven permits in all were issued, of these 93 paid $5 per
term, 2 at the rate of $4, and 12 were issued gratis.
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 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
221
"The expenditure for the year (30th June, 1896, to 30th June, 1897) was as follows, the
accounts being paid as heretofore through the City Treasurer :—
Expenses of maintenance—
Janitors $ 2,460 00
Fuel         966 46
Board expenses      1,086 52
Printing and advertising         133 95
Furniture             141  91
Supplies         252 60
Miscellaneous         737 20
Fire insurance  681  00
 $ 6,439 64
Construction and repairs to school buildings      3,063 38
Teachers' salaries    34,308 65
Interest   on   " Educational   loan,  1894," for year ending  31st
December, 1896      3,825 00
Sinking fund „ „ 577 00
Total outlay    $48,213 67
"I have, etc.,
"B. Williams,
" Secretary.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
'■ Superintendent of Education."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th,  1897.
Expenditures.
Amount paid for
Teachers' Sal-
:,308.65
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses.
3,297.73
Amount paid for
School sites, construction of
School Brrildings,
Nil.
Amount j>aid
for furniture
and repairs.
£3,205.29
Amount paid for other
purposes.
$4,402.00
(Sinking fund and interest on Educational
Loan).
Total.
$48,213.67
 222
Public Schools Report.
1897
School Property.
Names of School Buildings.
4HH
'9
A
a
CO
A
$
1875
1882
1885
1894
1894
1894
1883
1884
1886
1887
1888
rented
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Estimated value of
School    furniture
and apparatus.
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Total estimated
value.
Central   	
High	
Girls' (wing added 1888)....
Pemberton Gymnasium  ....
South Park 	
Brick
it
a
Wood
II
II
.22
9
11
3
3
2
4
5
1
74 acres	
150x213 feet.
2 acres 	
120x120 feet.
100x133   „
120x120   a
135x119   „
1 acre 	
$5,500
2,250
2,750
750
750
500
1,000
1,250
250
$90,000
9,000
14,000
3,000
2,900
2,300
2,600
3,000
$65,000
33,500
33,500
4,500
5,000
3,200
5,250
6,000
$160,500
44,750
50 250
James Bay (addition 1889). .
Hillside Ward 	
8,250
8,650
6,000
8,850
10,250
250
Spring Ridge Ward,  '89, '93
Victoria West,           '89, '95
$15,000
$126,800
$155,950
$297,750
" Victoria, July 15th , 1897.'-
"B.  Williams,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 223
SPECIAL REPORTS ON SCHOOLS.
In order to give statistical information on the schools in a form that will be most readily
understood, it has been deemed best to furnish special reports in the following order :—
A.—High Schools.
B.—Graded Schools.
C.—Rural Schools.
Special Reports on High Schools.
Nanaimo High School.
Principal, Walter Hunter, B.A., B.C.L.
Salary, $120 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, 28th, and 31st, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 40.
Average actual daily attendance, 33.74.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
"The regularity of attendance has been, with one or two exceptions, all that could be
desired. Regular attendance is one of the things that parents should see to after a pupil has
passed the entrance examination. Should there then prove to be no advancement, the fault is
the teacher's. It is comforting to the teacher when told that a certain pupil has learned little
or nothing to discover that the attendance of such pupil has been about one-third of the total
number of school days.
" The New V. C. Co., through its manager, Mr. Robins, has repeated its generous donation for prizes.
" The Trustees have acted promptly in supplying our wants, and in every way, except by
their visits, have shown that they take a deep interest in the High School. Several of their
number have yet to pay us their first visit.
" The utmost harmony has prevailed during the year, and considerable progress has
attended the efforts of many of the pupils."
 224
Public Schools Report.
1897
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
Females
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
enrolled.
enrolled.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1885-86
6                    6
12
21
25
30
37
37
37
39
48
70
58
53
11.52
14.15
15.86
17.57
21.99
19.94
20.02
23.37
34.50
41.56
32.02
33.74
James A. W. Bell.
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
8
9
13
17
18
16
14
19
36
29
27
13
16
17
20
19
21
25
29
34
29
26
James A. W. Bell
James Galloway'	
Herbert 1). R. Stewart.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
James Galloway.
James Galloway.
Herbert I). R. Stewart.
Christina Agnes Duncan
Watson Dykes.
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Arthur David Morgan.
John T. Lukey.
Arthur David Morgan.
1894-95
1895-96
1896-97
At the Midsummer Examination, 1897, Miss Isabel Bennie, having obtained the highest
number of marks, was awarded the Silver Medal presented by His Excellency the Governor-
General for competition among the pupils of this school.
New Westminster High School.
Principal, Hector M. Stramberg, B.A.
Salary, $108 per month.
Assistant, Miss Mary B. Miller, B.A.
Salary, $80 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, 28th, and 31st, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 94.
Average monthly attendance, 63.
Average actual daily attendance, 50.36.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" With regard to what has been done, I may say that there is nothing worthy of special
note. We have had no very brilliant pupils, nor can we point to any remarkable achievement
in our advance against ignorance. Those, however, who faithfully followed our lead have
steadily progressed, and now they occupy vantage-ground with wider range and better prospects.
" I am pleased to be able to report that our school is growing in public favour. The
physicians, lawyers, clergymen, and other professional men who received their preliminary
training in it, look with kindly feelings on the institution, without which some of them could
not have attained the positions they hold to-day. The teachers educated by us have also
helped to make it popular. The cleverest girls of New Westminster have from time to time
been selected and placed as teachers in the common schools of this city. These young ladies,
while pupils of the High School, were carefully trained in the art and science of teaching; and
so they came to the work as well qualified as if they had been for six months or a year in a
Normal School. Indeed, I am inclined to believe it is owing not a little to their faithfulness,
prudence, and ability that the people here have so much confidence in their teachers, and think
the schools of the Royal City are the best in the Province.
" You will have noticed by our reports for June, that there was a falling off in the attendance during that month. Several of the boys, having secured employment, left school and
went to work."
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
225
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood at the head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1884-85
1885-86
21
20
16
20
17
25
27
32
36
49
48
48
55
19
25
22
28
16
22
24
29
31
34
37
39
39
40
40
38
48
33
47
51
61
67
83
85
87
94
21.77
25.00
19.25
22.75
20.86
24.96
27.50
46.51
42.62
44.63
51.01
56.61
50.36
Thomas R. E. Mclnnes.
Frederic Wm. Howay.
1886-87
1887-88
Richard McBride	
James Rankin.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
Arthur M. Whiteside ..
Margaret F. Homer.
Margaret F. Homer.
Arthur M. Whiteside.
1891-92
Mabel Lucy Calhoun.
Leonora E. Hughes.
1892-93
1893-94
1894-95
1895-96
1896-97
William J. Cunningham
George Howison.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1897, George Howison was awarded the Silver Medal
presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this
school.
Vancouver High School.
Principal, Alexander Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $135 per month.
1st Assistant, James C. Shaw, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
2nd Assistant, G. Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
3rd Assistant, J. H. Kerr, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
4th Assistant, J. K. Henry, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 153.
Average monthly attendance, 104.
Average actual daily attendance, 88.73.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal :—
" During the past two years a special class was organized after the Christmas holidays
for those wishing to write for certificates. This practice will be discontinued in future since
it was found that advantage was taken of the special instruction, by many students who were
wholly unfit for the class. The aim of many of our young people seems to be simply to obtain
a certificate to teach ; to secure an education is of secondary importance.
" Permit me again to call your attention to the importance of the matter mentioned in
my last report, viz., the advisability of requiring some slight knowledge of Latin from candidates for Second Class, Grade ' A' Certificates, and of Latin and Greek from candidates for
First-Class, Grade ' B' Certificates. I am satisfied that until this is done our High Schools
will not compare favorably with those of other Provinces."
 226
Public Schools Report.
1897
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer Examinations held
since its commencement are also given.
Head of School.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Year.
Midsummer.
1889-90
10
21
31
24.67
Catherine A. Barnes.
1890-91
13
29
42
24.36
Florence E. Morrison.
1891-92
18
54
72
42.87
Florence E. Morrison.
1892-93
31
05
90
64.34
Ellen C. Bennett.
1893-94
52
92
144
92.77
Henry Percy De Pencier.
1894-95
58
101
159
108 44
Henry Allen McTaggart.
1895-96
55
-     79
134
87.74
Lome Greenfield MacHaffie.
1896-97
55
98
153
88.73
Alexander Bruce Gordon.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1897, Alexander Bruce Gordon was awarded the
Silver Medal presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the
pupils of this school.
Victoria High School.
Principal, Edward B. Paul, M.A.
Salary, $110 per month.
1st Assistant, Albert J. Pineo, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
2nd .Assistant, Ernest H. Russell, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
3rd Assistant, John N. Muir, B.A., until March 31st, 1897 ; present 3rd Assistant, Miss
R. Watson, B.A.
Salary, $83.33 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, 28th, and 31st, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 161.
Average monthly attendance, 124.
Average actual daily attendance, 106.85.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :—
"In forwarding to you herewith the reports of this school for the school-year which closed
last June, I have the honour to state that the number of pupils in attendance shows no falling
off in consequence of the fee payable by all boys and girls over 16 years of age. That fee is
now paid as a matter of course by the pupils, and I hear no complaints about the necessity of
doing so. There is one class of students, however, who pay fees, and for whom I cannot do so
much in the High School as I desire to do. I allude to the candidates for teachers' certificates.
The work entailed upon the teachers of the High School in connection with the regular course
is so great that they have little time to spare for a special certificate class. I managed last
term, however, not without inconvenience, to set apart one hour and a half per diem for this
class, permitting its members to go to the different divisions of the school for such subjects as
they might require. That arrangement, while satisfactory enough in the case of studious
pupils, alive to the necessity of relying on themselves to a great extent for their progress, is
unworkable in the case of boys and girls who depend on their teacher for every scrap of knowledge they acquire. I have struggled, during my term of office here, to impress on the young-
people committed to my care, the necessity of self-reliance in their studies, and to imbue them
with the fact that, while their teachers  can  assist  them to a limited extent and to a limited
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
227
extent only, their success depends upon themselves much more largely than some of them are
willing to admit. While many pupils every year seem quite helpless without constant supervision, it gives me the most lively satisfaction to know that yearly the High School turns out
real students, who rely largely on their own exertions, who are not discouraged by difficulties,
and whose studies will not cease when they leave school. A teacher for such pupils is quite as
necessary as for the others, but, if I may be allowed the simile, in the former case it is like
two men pulling on a rope in the same direction, in the latter case they are pulling in opposite
directions. If the teacher is the stronger these last will make a little progress—the progress
being the difference between the energy of the teacher and the resistance of the pupil. It
would be well if those young men and young women who are ambitious to enter the teaching
profession should bear in mind, that to be successful, they must first learn how to teach and
control themselves.
" It would be of great advantage to the High School if it were distinctly understood that
a certain course would be followed without deviation. As matters stand at present, parents
who wish their children prepared for matriculation in any university, or for the teaching or
other professions, send them to the High School and expect them to be got ready for the necessary examinations, often in an inadequately short time. The consequence is that frequently
more is attempted than it is possible to accomplish satisfactorily."
From the following tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment,
an accurate idea of the number of pupils who have therein received instruction in the different
branches of a higher education may be obtained.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement, are also given.
Head of School.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment.
Average
daily
attendance
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1876-77
43
17
60
49.00
John C. Newbury	
John C. Newbury.
1877-78
47
14
61
50.15
Thomas Baker	
No examination.
1878-79
54
22
76
43.62
Thomas Baker	
Herbert C. Carey.
1879-80
51
31
82
54.69
Herbert C. Carey	
Charles Hayward.
1880-81
37
39
76
52.75
Charles Hayward	
J. R. Carmichael.
1881-82
39
35
74
45.07
Charles Gardiner ... ...
Wm. W. Halliday.
1882 83
34
27
61
38.00
R. Clayton Fawcett....
Samuel Schultz.
1883-84
45
39
84
56.63
Christina Forrest	
Christina Forrest.
1884-85
37
57
94
56.34
Abbie F. Gardiner.
1885-86
47
58
105
64.27
W. F. Carey Pope	
John C. Boyd.
1886-87
44
63
107
69.87
Arthur E. Haynes	
Arthur E. Haynes.
1887-88
49
71
120
67.00
Francis B. Gibbs	
Francis B. Gibbs.
1888-89
57
67
124
74.08
Jeannette Mebius	
Jeannette Mebius.
1889-90
59
70
129
78.39
Ernest Arthur Powell. .
Ernest Arthur Powell.
1890-91
55
59
71
83
126
142
82.67
95.13
Francis John Nicholson.
Pauline Frank.
1891-92
1892-93
58
78
96
80
74
73
81
105
101
87
131
159
201
181
161
82.69
121.60
130.28
111.50
106.85
1893-94
Edith M. S. Shrapnel.
Frances Ann Brown.
Leonard Spragge.
Nellie Evelyn Marchant
1894-95
1895-96
1896-97
The Silver Medal, annually donated by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school, was awarded to Miss Nellie Elvelyn Marchant, at the
Midsummer Examination, 1897.
 228
Public Schools Report.
1897
B.
SPECIAL REPORTS ON GRADED  SCHOOLS.
The Following Graded and Ward Schools were in Operation During the Year.
Schools.
Chilliwhack	
Kamloops	
Mission	
Nanaimo—Central	
do        North Ward	
do        South Ward	
New Westminster—Boys'....
do Girls'
do Sapperton
do Westside
Northfield	
Rossland	
Union Mines	
Vancouver—Central	
do East	
do East Branch	
do West	
do        Mt. Pleasant ....
do Fairview	
Vernon	
Victoria—Boys'	
do       Girls'	
do        North Ward	
do        South Park	
do        West	
do       Spring Ridge	
Wellington	
Number
of grades.
irercenrage
of regular
attendance.
2
65.16
3
56.30
2
54.21
10
72.60
1
64 93
1
73.98
6
71.22
7
67.43
3
60.35
2
66.02
3
52.97
4
48.65
4
67.62
9
67.03
8
73.04
4
74.74
12
80.16
10
70.54
3
65.48
3
60.11
8
73.08
8
73.01
10
77.03
9
73.03
5
68.04
4
60.86
7
67.65
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 229
Chilliwhack.
Principal, Robert H. Cairns.
Salary, $73.16 per month.
Assistant, Miss Ada M. Templer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1896 ; present, 30 boys, 48 girls ; total, 78.
Examined, May 3rd and 4th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 58 boys, 66 girls; total, 124.
Average monthly attendance, 96.
Average actual daily attendance, 80.81.
Expenditure, $1,558.
At examination held on May 3rd and 4th, 1897, the following pupils of this school passed
the standard required for entrance to a High School:—
Laura Cairns,
Rorie E. Knight,
Elsie M. Mellard.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" During the year just closed our school has made progress all along the line. The attendance increased so that it became necessary to put in seats for sixteen more pupils in the 1st
Division. The increase in the daily average attendance for the year was over thirteen. We
look forward to having a second assistant before long.
" We have been troubled with tardiness, but during the latter half of the year an effort
was made to remedy this evil.    The parents co-operated and the object has been attained.
" The standard for promotion is being gradually raised, but good marks were made by the
pupils who wrote recently.
" Miss Margaret D. Knight, a pupil of our school, made the required number of marks to
secure a Third Class, Grade A Certificate at the recent teachers' examination.
" The teachers have had the sympathy and hearty co-operation of the School Board. Our
semi-annual examinations were well attended."
Kamloops.
Principal, E. Stuart Wood.
Salary, $80.75 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Emily Beattie.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss A. M. Newsom.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, April 5th, 6th and 7th, 1897 ; present, 74 boys, 49 girls ; total, 123.
Enrolled during the year, 97 boys, 71 girls ; total, 168.
Average monthly attendance, 120.
Average actual daily attendance,  94.60.
Expenditure, $2,391.
At examination held on April 5th, 6th and 7th, 1897, the following pupils of this school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Bertha Lauder, Eugene V. Cooney,
Thomas J. O'Neil, Edward A. Goddard,
Pearl Davies, Jennie Evans.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
"The attendance of pupils shows a considerable increase over former years, and owing to
the proportionately too small numbers in the 4th, 5th and 6th classes, all of which have been
in the 1st Division, the 2nd and 3rd Divisions have been somewhat overcrowded, but this difficulty will be removed by the appointment of an additional assistant, for whom an appropriation has been made in the Estimates for the ensuing year.
 230. Public Schools Report. 1897
"As there is no High School in this district, thirteen pupils who passed the Entrance
Examination, have received instruction in more advanced subjects in so far as my time could
be devoted to that work without seriously interfering with the progress of the 4th and 5th
classes. When a 3rd assistant is appointed, regrading will be necessary, and by this means, I
hope to be able to devote more time to the 6th class pupils without loss to the lower grades.
" At the opening of this year, Miss E. Beattie and Miss A. Newsom, were appointed to
the 2nd and 3rd Divisions respectively, vice Mr. R. Landells, B. A., and Miss D. E. Matthews,
resigned, and have proved faithful and indusirious teachers.
" Public examinations were held in December and June, and were well attended by
parents and other interested parties, but visits during the terms have not been so frequent as
desirable.
" In April, seven pupils took the entrance papers, and six of them obtained the percentage necessary to admit them to a High School.
" At the teachers' examination in 1896, Miss Nettie C. Smith, a pupil of this school, was
awarded a Second Class, Grade B, Certificate, and three pupils are now preparing to write at
the forthcoming teachers' examination.
" As usual the teachers have received only the kindest and most considerate treatment
from trustees and parents which, I assure you, is highly appreciated."
Mission.
Principal, J. D. McLean.
Salary, $73.16 per month.
Assistant, Miss M. Ackerman, until June 30th, 1897; present Assistant, Miss M.
Abercrombie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 9th, 1896; present, 22 boys, 29 girls; total, 51.
Examined, May 6th and 7th, 1897; present, 23 boys, 27 girls; total, 50.
Enrolled during the year, 47 boys, 50 girls; total, 97.
Average monthly attendance, 65.
Average actual daily attendance, 52.59.
Expenditure, $1,578.
At examination held on May 6th and 7th, 1897, the following pupils of this school passed
the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Brydone Tingley,
Abner Turner,
Joseph Morton.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" The trustees have, as usual, been considerate and helpful.
" Mission School has, I am sorry to say, lost the services of a painstaking and efficient
teacher in Miss Ackerman, who resigned at the end of June last.
" Promotion examinations were held as required by statute. It is rather a difficult matter
to classify a school of two divisions where promotion examinations are held semi-annually.
More satisfactory results, I think, could be obtained by grading annually.
"In conclusion, it is my pleasant duty to thank the members of the Department for their
kindness and thoughtfulness."
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 231
Nanaimo.
Central School.
Principal, John Shaw.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, James A. Galloway.
Salary, $80 per month,
2nd Assistant, Miss L. A. Mebius.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss F. E. Hartt.
Salary, $65 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss M. P. Haarer.
Salary, $60 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss S. F. Muir.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss M. G. Dobeson.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss S. Marshall.
Salary, $55 per month.
8 th Assistant, Miss M Woodman.
Salary, $50 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss N. Donaldson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 715.
Average monthly attendance, 651.
Average actual daily attendance, 519.11.
At special examination, held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Ross Cluness,
John R. Muir,
Margaret Ramsay.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Wymond W. Walkem, Edith M. Smith,
Isabel K. Haarer, Blanche M. Smith,
Wilmot B. Well wood, David J. Turner,
John Manson, William J. Morton,
Barbara Smith, Mary Ramsay,
Edith Tyler, Isabella Muir,
Elsie M. Lawrence, Ethel B. Wolfe.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" Since presenting my last annual statement, there have occurred further and rather complicated changes in our school.
" On the first of April the senior divisions of the Ward Schools were removed to the
Central School, and this necessitated the re-grading of the six lower divisions; then in May,
Miss M. Lawson, Second Assistant, resigned her position to fill a vacancy in Victoria, and
there was an almost general promotion of the teachers. These interruptions had a tendency
to retard the general progress, but nevertheless the advancement has been satisfactory.
"The attendance, as you will see by the report, is very large, in fact much too large for
the number of teachers, but we expect it to decrease rather than to increase next term."
 232 Public Schools Report. 1897
North Ward School.
Teacher, Miss M. C. Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 5th, 1896.
February 12th, 1897.
May 27th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 78.
Average monthly attendance, 61.
Average actual daily attendance, 50.65.
South Ward School.
Teacher, Miss E. LeFeuvre.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 6th, 1896.
February 12th, 1897.
May 27th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 93.
Average monthly attendance, 83.
Average actual daily attendance, 68.81.
New Westminster.
Boys' School.
Principal, William C. Coatham.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, J. D. Buchanan.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Thomas Leith, until October, 1897; present 1st Assistant, R. S. Sherman.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, D. J. Welsh.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th .Assistant, Miss Archena J. McDougall.
Salary, $52.50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Mary S. Brown.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 309.
Average monthly attendance, 258.
Average actual daily attendance, 221.08.
At special examination, held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Thomas D. B. Jackson,
Francis H. Baker.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Sidney E. W. Fletcher, Clayton J. A. Bourne,
Dudley A. Ritchie, Charles H. Robson,
Charles A. Bryson, Arthur Smith,
Duncan E. McPhaden, Alexander Calder.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 233
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :—
" During the past year, nothing of unusual interest has marked the progress of the Boys'
School.
" In November last, three pupils, and in May last, eight pupils, succeeded at the examination for entrance to a High School. These numbers were smaller than usual, owing to so
many passing the previous year.
" In the junior classes, fully 76 % of those who were examined succeeded in passing.
" I cannot speak too highly of the efforts made, and of the success attained, by my assistants, more especially during the past six months. The character of the teaching, considered
as a whole, has been in advance of that of any previous year, and I have much satisfaction in
reviewing the term's work in connection with the promotion examinations.
" Throughout the year, our pupils enjoyed the services of a special teacher in music. At
the close of each term, and at other times, the children were brought together, and an excellent programme was given. It is needless to say that this department of our schools meets
with popular favour."
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Ellen Rogers.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Edith E. Robinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Blanche Millard.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Leonora E. Hughes.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Margaret F. Homer.
Salary, $52.50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Mary S. Homer.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Jean Patterson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 366.
Average monthly attendance, 290.
Average actual daily attendance, 246.82.
At special examination, held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Agnes J. Robson,
Eva J. Trodden.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
May A. B. Falding, Helen T. Archibald,
Eileen Cherry, Ethel C. Ross,
Alice Bauer, Louise E. Mead,
Lavinia M. Thornber, Bertha M. Youdall,
Elizabeth Andrzejewski, Muriel M. C. McElmon,
Edna E. B. Burr.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
"During the past year, my assistants have done very good work, and I have found them
always faithful and courteous. Some of the promotion results have been disappointing, but
this is chiefly owing to causes with which the teacher had nothing to do. Mr. Rushton still
continues to give instruction in vocal music, and the pupils have certainly made great progress
under his tuition. I have found the Trustees ever willing to further any efforts made to advance
the interests of the school, and ready to support the teachers in the discharge of their duties."
 234 Public Schools Report. 1897
Sapperton School.
Principal, Norton Strople.
Salary, $69 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss B. Dixon.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss M. V. Wood.
Salary, $45 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 117.
Average monthly attendance, 84.
Average actual daily attendance, 70.61.
At special examination, held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School :—
James Stott,
Florence Wamsley.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal : —
" As you are aware, we have no well-defined boundaries for the schools in this city, and
many children living in this end of the city have always attended the Central Schools.
" Again, the people in Sapperton are largely dependent on the lumber industry, and the
population varies as the demand for lumber is brisk or otherwise ; consequently we have sometimes a pretty full school and at other times the reverse.
" Again, the older boys are employed during the summer and autumn at the box factory
of the Brunette Saw Mills, and so attend only for a short time during the year, thus lowering
the average percentage very much.
" I must also report the great improvement in singing made by the pupils during the
year under the instruction of Prof. J. B. Rushton, and I hope the Trustees may be able to
continue his services for the next year.
" The average during the winter term was much reduced by la grippe and, during the
past term, by measles and whooping-cough."
Westside School.
Teacher, Robert J. Hall.
Salary, $68 per month.
Assistant, Mrs. Annie C. McDonald,
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 18th, 1896.
Enrolled during the year, 107.
Average monthly attendance, 84.
Average actual daily attendance, 70.65.
Northfield.
Principal, James E. Norcross.
Salary, $76 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss K. C. Smith.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss J. Ramsay.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 5th, 1896; present, 56 boys, 49 girls ; total, 105.
February 9th, 1897; present, 57 boys, 57 girls; total, 114.
Enrolled during the year, 98 boys, 92 girls; total, 190.
Average monthly attendance, 123.
Average actual daily attendance, 100.66.
Expenditure, $2,494.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 235
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" Having in former years complained of the irregularity of attendance at the above
school, and the constant changes taking place among the pupils owing to the floating nature
of the population, it is with pleasure that I beg leave to report an improvement in both
matters during the past year. Unfortunately, however, our work has not, owing to changes
in the school staff taking place in the middle of each term, had the full benefit of these better
conditions.
" As there are several schools within a short radius of Northfield, children are occasionally
transferred from one to another on very trivial grounds, to the detriment of their own progress,
and often to the annoyance of the teachers of the various schools they favour with their
presence from time to time. I would suggest, if permitted, that a provision in the school law,
preventing children from attending more than one school during the same term, without
change of residence, would be a material advantage to many rural teachers."
Rossland.
Principal, W. A. Blair.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss M. L. Moffatt.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss J. McQueen.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss M. M. R. Walker.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 2nd, 1896; present, 47 boys, 53 gills; total, 100.
Enrolled during the year, 188 boys, 176 girls; total, 364.
Average monthly attendance, 243.
Average actual daily attendance, 177.10.
Expenditure, $2,452.35.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
"This school was raised to the status of a Graded School in July, 1896. There were only
two teachers at that time. A school building of two rooms was erected to accommodate the
pupils then here. Before the building was completed, the rapidly growing school population
made it necessary that further accommodation be provided. The Methodist Church was hired
for this purpose, and Miss McQueen, of Salmon Arm, engaged as Second Assistant. The
rapid influx of population soon over-taxed the school accommodation, and the Presbyterian
Church was hired for school purposes, and Miss Walker, of Northfield, was appointed fourth
teacher. This, however, only afforded temporary relief, and the Board found it necessary to
procure two additional rooms. These are situated in the Imperial Block. Two weeks later it
was found necessary to create another Division, and quarters were procured in the Western
Hotel.    During all this time, an energetic Board was besieging the Government with telegram,
.... ° ra       CO CO ,
letter and deputation in request of new school buildings and better school accommodation.
Although this body was considered slow by the Rossland Board of Trustees, the citizens of
Rossland cannot but feel pleased at the liberal manner in which the educational needs of the
city have been met by the Government.
" The whole of block 35—in a good part of the city—has been purchased for school purposes, and the Board directed to proceed with the building of an eight-roomed school building.
Besides this, eight additional lots adjoining the present school premises have been procured
and authority given the Board to add two additional rooms to the present school building.
" Owing to the many changes in making a fair equalization of pupils in each Division as
created, as good results as desired at the promotion examinations were not attained. However, with the advent of our new school, with all our teachers under one roof, with proper
teaching facilities, and with the energy and ability of my assistants displayed in the past exercised in the future, the best results are anticipated."
 236 Public Schools Report. 1897
Union Mines.
Principal, John B. Bennett.
Salary, $76 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lottie M. Powell, until June 30th, 1897; present 1st Assistant, Miss
L. L. Nickerson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Laura L. Nickerson, until June 30th, 1897 ; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss M. B. Webster.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss M. B. Webster, until June 30th, 1897.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, January 15th and 18th, 1897 ; present, 69 boys, 79 girls; total, 148.
March 26th, 1897; present, 58 boys, 54 girls; total, 112.
Enrolled during the year, 109 boys, 115 girls; total, 224.
Average monthly attendance, 184.
Average actual daily attendance, 151.49.
Expenditure, $2,814.
At the central examination, held at Courtenay Public School, March 31st and April 1st,
1897, the following pupils of this school passed the standard required for admission to a High
School:—
George A. Tarbell,
Ellen Tarbell,
Amy Williams.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" The appointment of Miss Webster as third assistant last August, has relieved the overcrowded condition of the other teachers' rooms. The rooms of the second and third divisions
are much too small, although the ventilators put in a year ago have been a great improvement.
Good discipline is almost impossible in small and crowded rooms.
" The pupils in all the divisions of the school seem to have made good progress in their
various studies. There is not so much of a floating population now as formerly, and the school
has settled itself into a permanent and steadily increasing institution. The regular holding of
entrance examinations acts as an incentive to study and thus is productive of good."
Vancouver.
Central School.
Principal, Frederick M. Cowperthwaite, B. A., until June 30th, 1897 ; present Principal,
Robert Fraser.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert G. Gordon, until June 30th, 1897 ; present 1st Assistant, David M.
Robinson, B. A.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, David M. Robinson, B. A., until June 30th, 1897 ; present 2nd Assistant,
A. Gilchrist.
Salary, $70 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Rachel M. Macfarlane.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th nAssistant, Miss Annie L. Buttimer.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss M. E. Spillman.
Salary, $35 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss J. M. Eldridge.
Salary, $35 per month.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 237
7th Assistant, Miss Marion B. Johnstone.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Mrs. M. Bird,  until June 30th,   1897; present 8th Assistant, Miss G. A.
Mcintosh, B. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 510.
Average monthly attendance, 399.
Average actual daily attendance, 341.87.
At special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School :—
Brenton Brown, Edna McQuarrie,
Sarah Campbell, Archibald McQuarrie,
Lyle Macgowan, Jesse Oppenheimer,
Erl Macgowan, Harold Sweet.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Israel Rubinowitz, Helen Milne,
Bertha M. Snider, William F. Scherf,
Lilian Selwood, Elizabeth T. Raleigh,
Samuel Petersky, Willamina George,
Edith M. Southcott, Lucy A. Fee,
Samuel Albert, Maud A. Allan,
Robert A. McK. Laidlaw, Mary Jordan,
Kenneth K. McAlpine, Walter J. Hill.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal :—
" At each of the regular monthly meetings of the staff, considerable attention was given, as
in the previous year, to the study of Psychology.
" At the Midsummer Entrance Examination, Master I. Rubinowitz, a pupil of the school,
won the Governor-General's medal, doing himself the high honour of passing at the head of all
those in the Province that wrote."
East School.
Principal, Gregory H. Tom.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, James J. Dougan.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Bessie Johnston.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Minna G. McKay.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Amy A. Rhodes.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Marie L. Fletcher.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Catharine A. Barnes
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss L. Edgett.
Salary, $35 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897
Enrolled during the year, 435.
Average monthly attendance, 360.
Average actual daily attendance, 317.75.
 238 Public Schools Report. 1897
At a special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Mary Slagg,
William Woodward.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School :—
Hilda M. Carter, Jennie Stuart,
Isabel Stitt, Clarke L. Ford,
Bertha A. Hepburn, Arthur K. McLennan,
George M. Cowderoy, Pearl C. Ellis,
John McConaghy, Bertha L. Paepke.
East Branch School.
. Teacher, Miss Anna E. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Jean W. Black.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss E. M. Carter.
Salary, $40 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss M. I. Fraser.
Salary, $35 per month.
Inspected, February 24th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 256.
Average monthly attendance, 236.
Average actual daily attendance, 191.34.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal :—
" The attendance of pupils has gradually increased, and the work of the teachers has been
more satisfactory and more uniform than during any year since I have had charge.
" A new school building is being erected, and I hope the unattractive and unhealthy
East Branch School will be vacated before the close of next term.
" I expect that the gradual increase in attendance will necessitate the appointment of an
additional teacher when school re-opens."
Mount Pleasant School.
Principal, George W. Jamieson.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Allan C. Stewart, until June 30th, 1897; present 1st Assistant, Truman S.
Baxter.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Truman S. Baxter, until June 30th, 1897; present 2nd Assistant, J. S.
Gordon, B. A.
Salary, $70 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss S. Moscrop, until June 30th, 1897; present 2nd Assistant, T. Leith.
Salary, $35 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Florence Morrison.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss E. C. Bennett.
Salary, $35 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Jessie A. Black, until June 30th, 1897; present 6th Assistant, Miss
A. E. McCallum.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th .Assistant, Miss A. E. McCallum, until June 30th, 1897; present 7th Assistant, Miss
U. M. Stitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 239
8th Assistant, Miss U. M. Stitt, until June 30th, 1897; present 8th Assistant, Miss S.
Moscrop.
Salary, $50 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss Lizzie Fletcher.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 535.
Average monthly attendance, 436.
Average actual daily attendance, 377.40.
At special examination held on December 21st, 1896, Master Bruce Findley, a pupil of
this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following passsed the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Nora Robinson, Kate Bethune,
Henry Cartwright, John Cooke,
Ethel Crookall, Edward Hatch.
I. N. Bodwell.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" During the past year there were frequent changes in the staff of teachers, and the
efficiency of the school was consequently weakened.
" Much praise is due to the members of the Vancouver School Board for their untiring
efforts to supply adequate accommodation for the school population of this city, and by
January 1st, 1898, I hope to be able to report that we have our new eight-roomed addition
completed, which, with the present structure, will make one of the finest school buildings in
the Province."
West School.
Principal, Thomas A. McGarrigle, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant,  Robert Fraser, until June 30th,  1897; present 1st Assistant,  Allan   C.
Stewart.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, J. D. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss C. A. M. Bodwell.
Salary, $35 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Mary L. Harding.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, B, Miss M. McKinnon.
Salary, $35 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Mary E. Speirs.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss E. Murray.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss H. Wintemute.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss L. Maclaren.
Salary, $35 per month.
9th Assistant, Miss Minnie M. Macfarlane.
Salary, $55 per month.
10th Assistant, Thomas E. Knapp.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 590.
Average monthly attendance, 546.
Average actual daily attendance, 472.98.
 240 Public Schools Report. 1897
At special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Adeline Carter, Edith McLaren,
Jean Cassady, George Findlay,
Ella Armstrong, Bessie Breeze,
Leah Robinson, Myrtle Musgrove,
Catherine Nixon.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Edward Coupland, Henrietta Weaver,
Kathleen Boyd, Marcia Wright,
Leila A. Burpee, Mary McLachlan,
Harry Pearsall, Herbert Mace,
Stanley Harris, Jennie Hunt.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" There was such an increased attendance during the past year that the Board of School
Trustees found it necessary to increase the accommodation by erecting a duplicate of our
present building, making in all a school of sixteen rooms. Even with the added accommodation, it will be found necessary to consider further extensions in a very short time.
" The health of the school has been excellent, no cases of a very serious or malignant
nature having occurred. The staff has worked strenuously, and, it is to be hoped, effectively,
and, to a great degree, in harmony with the parents of their pupils. We have had no call for
the exercise of severe discipline, as there has been no serious offence committed.
" The lower rooms have been somewhat crowded, but, under the excellent management of
the teachers in charge, have done satisfactory work.
" In regard to punctuality, I may say that, though by no means perfect, our pupils have
attained a high standard, and might be shining examples to many of their elders."
Fairview School.
Principal, George W. McRae.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ethel L. Le Page.
Salary, $50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss F. Southcott.
Salary, $35 per month.
Monitor, Miss F. M. Currie.
Salary, $35 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 165.
Average monthly attendance, 122.
Average actual daily attendance, 108.05.
At special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School: —
Maud Hurst,
Ruby Springer,
Ethel Tait.
At the midsummer examination,   1897,  Master Frederic A. Howard obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 241
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :—
" As soon as the Trustees were in a position to give better accommodation, they erected a
building containing four convenient rooms, all of which are now occupied. They also cleared,
seeded and fenced the large play-ground, and are making provision for further improving
it by planting trees. All these matters pertaining to the welfare of the school being attended
to, the pupils will soon have healthy and pleasant surroundings, which will, no doubt, have a
refining influence on them, and be helpful to the teachers in their work."
Vernon.
Principal, R. Sparling.
Salary, $73.16 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ella Coghlan.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Elizabeth Harding.
Salary, $50 per month.
Enrolled during the year, 92 boys, 86 girls ; total, 178.
Average monthly attendance,  129.
Average actual daily attendance, 107.
Expenditure, $2,300.
At central examination held on April 2nd and 3rd, 1897, the following pupils of this
school passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Rose Glover, Ida Birnie,
Gertrude Glover, Charles Christien.
When this examination was held in Vernon, the school was not in session on account of
the prevalence of an epidemic.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :—
" On the whole I am pleased to be able to report satisfactory progress. The assistants
have worked faithfully.
" With the object of making the work of the school not only more attractive, but also
more profitable, a school library has been started. It contains upwards of one hundred volumes, and from the short time it has been in operation, a very noticeable improvement has been
observed as regards the development of a taste for reading.
" A stereopticon with the necessary accessories has been added to the list of apparatus.
By this means the children are not only interested in their work, but considerable use of the
apparatus has been made in teaching geography and other kindred branches.
"In December, 1896, Their Excellencies, Lord and Lady Aberdeen, visited the school and
very kindly made provision for giving the pupils a treat on the closing day. This event was
one to be long remembered.
" During the year, four pupils passed the Entrance Examination, and two, Miss Ida Birnie
and Miss Rose Glover, have been successful in securing Second Class Grade B Certificates.
The number of visits has been large, and on the whole, the interest in the work has been very
marked."
 242 Public Schools Report. 1897
Victoria.
Boys' School.
Principal, Stephen B. Netherby, until June 30th, 1897 ; present Principal, John D. Gillis.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Joseph F. Sallaway.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, Arthur W. Curry.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Elizabeth E. Sylvester.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Agnes Nason.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Caroline C. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Edith M. Jesse.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, William N. Winsby.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 423.
Average monthly attendance, 354.
Average actual daily attendance, 309.16.
At a special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Samuel Atkinson, Charles F. Marshall,
Edwin J. Clayton, Harry Munsie,
Harry Dier, Charles W. Meredith,
James A. Hickey, Christopher J. McRae,
Oscar Hartnagl, William S. E. Nason,
Harold N. Lukes, Walter Shotbolt.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Alexander Moss, Thomas Brooker,
John A. Coates, Hugo Seelig,
Frederick H. Peters, Richard C. Lowe,
James C. Brady, Ernest McDonald,
Brock A. Robertson, Nigel E. O'Brian,
Herbert E. Hobbis, Charles T. Coates,
Percy G. Noot.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" I am happy to be able to state that each teacher has worked with a marked degree of
energy during the year just ended, and I trust that the results of the Promotion Examination,
which I now place in your hands, will convince you that satisfactory progress has been made
in the education of the pupils who have attended this school during the past year.
"It is very encouraging to be able to report that truancy in the Boys' School is almost 'a
thing of the past,' only a few cases having been reported during the year."
 61 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.
243
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Mary Williams.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lizzie A. Barron.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd .Assistant, Miss Ada Keast.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss M. Lawson.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss R. Watson, B.A., until
Septem
ber, 1897; present 4th Assistant,
Miss
I. M. F. Barron.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Isabel R. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Edith M. Shrapnel.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Alexandrina Russell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897
Enrolled during the year, 417.
Average monthly attendance, 348.
Average actual daily attendance, 304.49.
At a special examination held on December
21st, 1896, the following passed
the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Jane Kirkpatrick
Nettie E.
Vigelius,
Kate M. Powell.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the followin
g obtained the percentage
required for
admission to a High School:—
Lillian Mowat,
Tressa E. Rogerson,
May A. Musson,
Euphemia Cole,
Beatrice K. Loat,
Jane M. Creedon,
Margaret E. Robertson,
Rosa Brash,
Alice L. Futcher,
Elizabeth J. Hiscocks,
Annie Hayden,
Cecil Hardie,
Edith I. Tuck,
Ada A. Smith,
Edna M. Souden,
Lena D. Sexsmith,
Kate F. McCrimmon,
Mona H. Cleaver,
Edith A. Jenkins,
Mabel R. Clarke.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" Our average attendance for the year is 38 throughout the school. All our divisions are
very evenly filled, with the exception of the seventh, which is much below this number. The
sudden death of Mrs. Caldwell, who has been connected with this school since its formation,
has necessitated a change in our teaching staff. So old and tried a teacher will long be
missed by those who have worked with her in the intimate association which is inseparable
from the kindly and constant intercourse of school life.
" A new feature, namely, monthly concerts, managed entirely by the children of the
various divisions, has increased the interest in their singing lessons, and has brought before us,
as well as the numerous visitors, who so kindly attend these concerts, more clearly than ever,
the necessity for an Assembly Hall. The class-room of the VII. Division, which we now use,
even when crowded to its utmost capacity, will barely hold half our pupils.
"The results of our promotion examinations have been very satisfactory, and show the
conscientious work of our teachers in their various class-rooms."
 North Ward School.
Principal, Angus B. McNeill.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Caroline A. Dowler.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, Angus Galbraith.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
3rd Assistant, Donald Dallas.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Amy Spragge.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Sarah J. Murton.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Eliza J. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Jean C. Strachan.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss Annie J. Munro.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
9th iissistant, Miss M. Lucas.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 589.
Average monthly attendance, 503.
Average actual daily attendance, 453.74.
At special examination held on December 21st, 1896, Miss Kate Devereux passed the
standard required for admission to a High School.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Wallace A. McMorran, Cecil P. Dexter,
Agnes A. Hansen, Henry Pike,
Laura E. Simpson, Ellen I. Porter,
Alice J. Bishop, Miriam Tranter,
Anna V. Douglas, Arthur H. Fowler,
Rose Prince, Rose A. Hall,
James Mackay.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" The attendance at the beginning of the year was somewhat interfered with owing to
repairs and changes rendered necessary through the unsafe condition of the building. During
the term just closed our attendance has been very large, and I am pleased to say that the
pupils, with few exceptions, have been both regular and punctual.
"The deportment of the pupils, both in and out of school, has been very commendable, a
fact which speaks highly for the discipline of the teacher and the home-training of the
parent.
" Each division of the school has made material progress. Accuracy, thoroughness and
dispatch have been the mottoes. Each subject has received its quota of attention, but never
before have I noticed such marked improvement in the subject of Arithmetic. My assistants
have, I believe, seen that to cram is not to educate, and have sought to train the faculties
rather than to prepare for examinations."
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 245
South Park School.
Principal, Miss Agnes D. Cameron
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lizzie M. Speers.
Salary, $54.16 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Sarah A. Robinson.
Salary, $62.50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Margaret C. Maclean.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Pauline Frank.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Christina T. Lorimer.
Salary, $50 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Frances A. Brown.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Flora C. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Sth Assistant, Miss Ellen G. Lawson.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 509.
Average monthly attendance, 419.
Average actual daily attendance, 371.76.
At a special examination held on December 21st, 1896, the following passed the standard
required for admission to a High School:—
Hannah C. Truran, Francis J. Cox,
Winnifred A. Cooley, Noel A. Wilmot,
Wynne  Heath.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
Ethel E. Devlin, Agnes A. Morris,
Joseph Phillips, Alice M. Redfern,
Ada Wensley, Violet Robinson,
Colina Black, Alice M. Anderson.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" The general work of the school has been to me on the whole satisfactory, my hands being
strengthened by the loyal co-operation of parents, the support of the Trustee Board and
Education Department, the earnest efforts of the teaching staff, and the willing obedience of
the children themselves.
"A Principal without the moral support of those associated with her, is able to accomplish
comparatively little, and, realizing this, I wish to place on record my warm appreciation of
that feeling of loyalty, which almost without exception has induced all to sacrifice personal
preference for the good of the school as a whole. To this prevailing spirit I would attribute
whatever of good we have been able to accomplish.
" Our school library continues to grow; we have now upwards of 700 volumes. Lectures
in aid of the ' Library Fund ' were kindly given in the assembly room of the school last year
by W. A. Mclntyre, Esq., B. A., Principal of Winnipeg Normal School; Wm. Greig, Esq.,
leader of the Arion Club ; J. W. Laing, Esq., M. A.; and Rev. W. D. Barber, M. A., whose
subjects respectively were :—' The Dignity of the Teaching Profession,' ' Musical Odds and
Ends,' ' The Land of the Pharaohs,' and ' Elizabethan Poets.'
" Ethel Eleanor Devlin, a pupil of this school, was the winner of the Governor-General's
medal competed for by pupils of the city graded schools."
 246 Public Schools Report. 1897
West School.
Principal, Leonard Tait.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Abbie F. Gardiner.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
2nd Assistant, John J. Stephenson.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd .Assistant, Miss Mabel A. Gaudin.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Grace E. Nisbet.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 279.
Average monthly attendance, 225.
Average actual daily attendance, 189.84.
At the midsummer examination, 1897, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School : —
John G. Battersby, George L. Tait,
Bertha M. Messick, Thomas W. Andrews,
Fritz Kroeger, Thomas P. Cessford.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal :—
"The work of the past term has been, I am certain, much in advance of that of any
preceding year.
" This is greatly owing to the excellent and careful labour of my assistants, who have all
done good and substantial work in their respective classes.
"Additional play-ground is urgently needed."
Spring Ridge   Ward School.
Teacher, Edward F. Doran, until June 30th, 1897.
Salary, $66.66 per month.
Monitor, Miss Isabel M. F. Barron, until June 30th, 1897.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Mrs. F. E. Taylor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Elsie M. Arthur.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 16th, 1896.
February 8th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 235.
Average monthly attendance, 172.
Average actual daily attendance, 143.04.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 247
Wellington.
Principal, John D. Gillis, until June 30th, 1897 ; present Principal, L. J. O'Brien, B. A.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, Richard J. Clark, M. A.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Margaret M, Burns.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Lilias M. Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Alice John.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Fanny Uren.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Mrs. K. Bertiaux.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 10th, 1896; present, 162 boys, 137 girls; total, 299.
October 6th, 1896 ; present, 143 boys, 123 girls; total, 266.
February Sth, 1897; present, 180 boys, 156 girls; total,  336.
Enrolled during the year, 247 boys, 224 girls; total, 471.
Average monthly attendance, 393.
Average actual daily attendance, 318.66.
Expenditure, $4,755.
At special examination held in Nanaimo on December 21st, 1896, the following pupils
obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School:—
Bertha Cameron, Arthur Morrison,
Edward Jones, Leon Radelet,
Nora M. R, Stephenson.
At the midsummer examination held in Nanaimo on May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897, the
following pupils of this school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Orville Randall,
Duncan Morrison.
The following is taken from the report of the Principal:—
" The percentage of regular attendance has been higher that that of any previous year.
This was not attained without vigilance on the part of each teacher, and occasional visits had
to be made to the homes of those who were not regular in their attendance. Spelling and
writing received especial attention, and much improvement was noticeable in those subjects
before the end of the school-year.
"The assistants, with one or two exceptions, have worked faithfully and endeavoured to
do their work thoroughly.
"One pupil obtained a Second Class, Grade B, Certificate at the recent teachers' examination, and seven succeeded in passing the examination for entrance to a High School. The
attendance of parents at the public examination was very large, and shows that they take
considerable interest in the work of the school."
 248 Public Schools Report. 1897
C.
Special Reports on Rural Schools.
Abbotsford.
Teacher, Miss Hattie B. Howe, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss C. Shortreed.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1896; present, 3 boys, 9 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 17 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.27.
Expenditure,
Aberdeen.
Monitor, Miss E. L. George, until June 30th, 1897 ; present monitor, J. J. Ashton, B.A.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1896; present, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.45.
Expenditure, $520.
Agassiz.
Teacher, Hulet M. Wells.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1896; present, 8 boys, 9 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 16 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.83.
Expenditure, $640.
Ainsworth.
Teacher, Miss Catherine Munroe.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, September 29th, 1896 ; present, 6 boys, 8 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.46.
Expenditure, $742.
During the present school-year, the school district of   Ainsworth   was created, and a
school-house has been erected.
There has been a marked increase in the daily attendance at this school.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 249
Alberni.
Teacher, John Howitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss E. M. Watson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 7th, 8th, and  9th, 1896; present  in  both  schools, 26 boys, 21  girls;
total, 47.
Enrolled during the year, 42 boys, 33 girls; total, 75.
Average monthly attendance, 57.
Average actual daily attendance, 47.63.
Expenditure, $1,160.
The daily attendance at the schools in this district shows a steady yearly increase.
Aldergrove.
Teacher, William Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August, 29th, 1896; present, 3 boys, 13 girls; total, 16.
Examined, May 3rd and 4th, 1897; present, 4 boys, 10 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 15 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.93.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination, held on May 3rd and 4th, 1897, Miss Annie E. Vannetta, a pupil
of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Aldergrove, South.
Teacher, Wm. P. Ogilvie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Ernest Campbell, until June 30th, 1897; present monitor, G. F. Goostrey.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1896; present, 13 boys, 8 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 17 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.52.
Expenditure, $1,160.
Anarchist Mountain.
Teacher, Miss A. E. Blake, until June 30th, 1887; present teacher, Miss P. Spragge.
Salary, $55 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.40.
Expenditure, $547.83.
The school in this newly-created district was opened September, 1896.
A school-house was erected in 1897.
The attendance thus far has been very satisfactory.
 250 Public Schools Report. 1897
Anniedale.
Teacher, Charles S. Richmond.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 18th, 1897; present, 8 boys, 2 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 9 girls; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.35.
Expenditure, $640.
Armstrong.
Teacher, O. McPherson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 29th, 1897; present, 12 boys, 5 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 15 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.23.
Expenditure, $742.
At central examination held at Vernon on  April 2nd and  3rd, 1897, Master John A.
Hill, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Ashcroft.
Teacher, David Anderson, M.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 21st, 1896; present, 15 boys, 12 girls; total, 27.
March 15th and 18th, 1897; present, 19 boys, 22 girls; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 31 boys, 27 girls; total, 58.
Average monthly attendance, 44.
Average actual daily attendance, 33.43.
Expenditure, $742.
The average daily attendance has been about 36 thus far during the present school-year.
Atchelitz.
Teacher, Miss Mary E. Mercer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1896; present, 6 boys, 8 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.32.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination held in Chilliwhack school-house on May 3rd and 4th, 1897,
Miss Flossie P. Street, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
Barkerville.
Teacher, William H. Phelps, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, D. H. Elliott.
Salary, $85.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 9 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.12.
Expenditure, $1,186.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 251
Beaver.
Teacher, Alfred E. Eckardt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1896 ; present, 5 boys, 9 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 11 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.04.
Expenditure, $640.
Beaver Point.
Teacher, George Kirkendall, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, R. R. Watson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 17th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.03.
Expenditure,
Bella Coola.
Teacher, Samuel Moore, B. A., until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Iver Fougner.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 21 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.17.
Expenditure, $535.60.
A school-house was erected in this district during the past year.
Belmont.
Teacher, John Wright.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1896; present, 10 boys, 6 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 8 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.73.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination held in Cloverdale school-house on May 3rd and 4th, 1897, Master Edwin Braden, and Miss Martha E. Wright, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage
required for admission to a High School.
Big Bar.
Teacher, Miss B. Moore, until November, 1897; present teacher, N. A. Osborne.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 6 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.37.
Expenditure, $240.
The school in this district, which has not been in operation since 1890, was re-opened in
March, 1897.   The percentage of average daily attendance maintained has been exceedingly good.
 252 Public Schools Report. 1897
Boundary Bay.
Teacher, Miss S. Blackwell, until June 30th, 1897.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1896; present 6 boys, 5 girls; total 11.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 14 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.93.
Expenditure, $545.
The school in this district was re-opened in August, 1896, after having been closed since
February, 1892. Although the school is not now in operation, it is expected that it will reopen after the Christmas holidays.
Boundary Creek.
Teacher, Miss Kate M. McKenzie,
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October Sth and 9th, 1896; present, 9 boys, 3 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 10 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.74.
Expenditure, $742.
Bowen Island.
Teacher, Miss J. Arthur, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss Mary C. Mclntyre.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 10 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.07.
Expenditure, $640.
Brandon-Slocan.
Teacher,  Miss Annie Rath, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher,  Miss Annie Gird-
wood.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 24th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 9 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 29 girls; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.34.
Expenditure,
The school in this newly-created district was opened in August, 1896. The attendance
has steadily increased, until at the present time there are 65 pupils enrolled, with an average
daily attendance of over 50. At the present time the school is under the charge of a teacher
and an assistant.
Additional accommodation is needed in this district.
 Brownsville.
Teacher, Francis O. Canfield.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 19th, 1897; present, 6 boys, 2 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 9 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.70.
Expenditure, $640.
Burgoyne Bay.
Teacher, Alfred W. Cooke.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Inspected, February 16th, 1897; present 16 boys, 15 girls; total, 31.
Visited, February 17th, 1897; present, 15 boys, 14 girls; total, 29.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 17 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 28.43.
Expenditure, $671.30.
At special examination held in Victoria, December 21st, 1896, Master Alexander
Wilson, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
A new school-house was erected in this district during the past year.
Burnaby.
Teacher, Miss Ellen Lister.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 26th, 1897; present, 10 boys, 5 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 8 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.21.
Expenditure, $640.
Burnaby, West.
Teacher, Miss M. Lougheed, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, W. J. Cunningham.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 26th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 11 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 16 girls; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.78.
Expenditure, $490.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in October, 1896.
A school-house was erected during the past school year.
Burton.
Teacher, John A. Catherwood.
Salay, $50 per month.
Inspected, September Sth, 1896; present, 5 boys, 8 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 16 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.89.
Expenditure, $640.'
 254 Public Schools Report. 1897
Cache Creek.
Teacher, William R. Ellenwood, B.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 20th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Visited, March 17th, 1897; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 8 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.54.
Expenditure, $729.35.
The attendance at this school has very materially increased during the present school-
year.
Cadboro.
Teacher, J. M. Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 6th, 1896; present, 4 boys, 14 girls; total, 18.
Visited, February 12th, 1897; school closed.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 24 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.91.
Expenditure, $627.50.
Camp Slough.
Teacher,  Miss Edith M. Lewis,  until June  30th,   1897; present teacher, Miss M.  L.
Menten.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1896; present, 9 boys, 11 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 14 girls; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.68.
Expenditure, $640.
A school-house has been erected in this district during the present school-year.
Cedar Hill.
Teacher, Oliver H. Cogswell, B.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November llth, 1896; present, 16 boys, 15 girls; total, 31.
February 12th, 1897; present, 17 boys, 15 girls, total, 32.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 21 girls; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.81.
Expenditure, $742.
Cedar, North.
Teacher, John C. McGregor, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, William Tomlinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 22nd, 1897; present, 14 boys, 11 girls; total, 25.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 20 girls; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.61.
Expenditure, $640.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 255
Cedar, South.
Teacher, Miss Catherine J. Thomas.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.56.
Expenditure, $640.
At special examination held in Nanaimo on December 21st, 1896, Masters Robert
Maguire and George Thomas, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
Centre Road.
Monitor, Miss Winnifred Lawson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, February 24th, 1897; present, 6 boys, 5 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.35.
Expenditure, $280.
This assisted school was opened in January, 1897.
Cheam.
Teacher, Miss Jennie  Robertson, until June  30th,   1897; present  teacher,  Miss H. D.
Trenholme.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1896; present, 7 boys, 7 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 16 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.74.
Expenditure, $640.
Chemainus.
Teacher, Robert H. Allan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 1st, 1897; present, 11 boys, 7 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 11 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.69.
Expenditure, $640.
Chemainus Landing.
Teacher, Edmund J. Conway.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 1st, 1897; present, 8 boys, 5 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 15 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.98.
Expenditure, $640.
 256 Public Schools Report. .    1897
Chilliwhack, East.
Teacher, Albert Sullivan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1896; present, 11 boys, 17 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 20 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.91.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination held in Chilliwhack school-house on May 3rd and 4th, 1897,
Master William S. Snider, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
Chilliwhack, South.
Teacher, Mrs. J. Templer.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jane Higginson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1896; present, 20 boys, 21 girls; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 41 boys, 33 girls; total, 74.
Average monthly attendance, 54.
Average actual daily attendance, 43.81.
Expenditure, $1,242.
At central examination held in Chilliwhack school-house on May 3rd and 4th, 1897,
Masters James A. Higginson and William A. Knight, pupils of this school, obtained the per
centage required for admission to a High School.
Clayton.
Teacher, D. N. McTavish.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 17th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 3 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 13 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 10 91.
Expenditure, $640.
Clinton.
Teacher, Miss Alice L. Noble, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss L. M. Powell
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 17th, 1896; present, 17 boys, 11 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 15 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.21.
Expenditure, $709.40.
The attendance at this school continues to increase.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 257
Cloverdale.
Teacher, Nicholas R. Hopkins.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1896; present, 9 boys, 10 girls; total, 19.
Examined, May 6th and 7th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 18 girls; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.14.
Expenditure, $762.
At central examination held on May 3rd and 4th, 1897, Misses Phoebe J. Bond and
Margareta M.- Sullivan, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission
to a High School.
Coldstream.
Teacher, Miss Margaret G. Johnson, until December 31st, 1896; Miss E. M. Macfarlane,
until February 28th, 1897.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 14 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.67.
Expenditure, $508.
This school was closed on February 28th, 1897.    It has not since been re-opened.
Colwoood.
Teacher, Miss Edith A. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 2nd and 4th, 1896; present 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
April 26th, 1897; present, 10 boys, 7 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 18 girls;  total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.56.
Expenditure, $640.
A school-house was erected in this district during the past school-year.
Comox.
Teacher, Miss Isabel Cathcart.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 20th, 1897; present, 14 boys, 11 girls; total, 25.
March 30th, 1897; present, 13 boys, 13 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 16 girls; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.79.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination held in Courtenay School-house on March 31st and April 1st,
1897, Miss Flora Macdonald, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School.
 258 Public Schools Report. 1897
Cortez Island.
Teacher, Miss Mary E. Ward, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss S. Hewton.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 10 girls; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.70.
Expenditure,
Courtenay.
Teacher, Robert Landells, B.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, January 18th and 20th, 1897; present, 19 boys, 18 girls; total, 37.
March 30th, 1897; present, 18 boys, 19 girls; total, 37.
Examined, March 31st and April 1st, 1897; present, 20 boys, 17 girls; total, 37.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 28 girls; total, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 41.
Average actual daily attendance, 30.58.
Expenditure $742.
At central examination held March 31st and April 1st, 1897,  Master Arthur N. Smith,
a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
Cowichan, South.
Teacher, Miss Mary C. Mclntyre, until September 30th, 1896.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 2 girls; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.85.
Expenditure, $150.
The school in this district was closed on September 30th, 1896, on account of inability to
maintain the average daily attendance required by Statute.    It has not since been re-opened.
Craigflower.
Teacher, Samuel Shepherd.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November 20th, 1896; present, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
April 26th, 1897; present, 14 boys, 10 girls; total, 24.
Visited, May 21st, 1896; present, 15 boys, 18 girls; total, 33.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 15 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.49.
Expenditure, $742.
Deep Creek.
Teacher, Miss K. B. Schwengers, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, W. C. Acheson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 27th, 1897; present, 7 boys, 4 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 7 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.99.
Expenditure, $742.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 259
Delta.
Teacher, Miss H. D. Trenholme, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Ernest Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, August 25th, 1896.    School closed on account of illness of teacher.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.88.
ExDenditure, $640.
Denman Island.
Teacher, Miss Mary C. Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 13th, 1897; present, 4 boys, 9 girls; total, 13.
Visited, March 25th, 1897.    School closed on account of bad weather.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 19 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.14.
Expenditure, $640.
A new school-house was erected in this district during the past year.
Departure Bay.
Teacher, Miss J. Robertson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 5th, 1896; present, 19 boys, 19 girls; total, 38.
February 10th, 1897; present, 19 boys, 12 girls; total, 31.
Enrolled during the year, 30 boys, 23 girls; total, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 41.
Average actual daily attendance, 32.93.
Expenditure, $640.
An addition was made to the school building during the present school-year.
Donald.
Teacher, Thomas J. Barron, B.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, September 17th and 18th, 1896; present, 11 boys, 12 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 33 girls; total, 61.
Average monthly attendance, 40.
Average actual daily attendance, 31.99.
Expenditure, $742.
The school-house was enlarged during the present school-year.
Douglas.
Monitor, Miss Alice Hay, until June 30th, 1897; present monitor, Mrs. A. C. Thain.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1896; present, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 13 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.07.
Expenditure, $520.
 260 Public Schools Report. 1897
Ducks.
Teacher, Miss M. D. Skinner, until 30th June,   1897 ; Miss L.  E.  Moss, until October
31st, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss H. B. Howe.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Assistant,   Miss   Edith   M. N. Lettice,  until October   31st,  1896; Miss Gertrude   R.
Millard, until February 28th, 1897 ; Miss Winnifred Swan, until April 30th, 1897 ;
present Assistant, Miss E. L. George.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 23rd, 1897 ; present, 8 boys, 9 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance,  17.82.
Expenditure, $1,267.70.
The school at Campbell's Creek, taught by the Assistant, was closed on 30th April, 1897,
on account of low attendance. It was re-opened in October, 1897, and at the present time is
maintaining the required average daily attendance.
Dunach.
Teacher, John P. Cade.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1896 ; present, 10 boys, 7 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.24.
Expenditure, $640.
At central examination held in Aldergrove school-house on May 3rd and 4th, 1897,
Miss Roberta S. Coghlan, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
Dunach, South.
Monitor, Miss I. R. Bowman.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1896; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 11 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.22.
Expenditure, $480.
This assisted school was opened August, 1896, and has so far maintained a fair average
daily attendance.
Duncan.
Teacher, Miss Annie E. Carmichael.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Inspected, February 2nd and 4th, 1897; present, 14 boys, 22 girls; total, 36.
Examined, April 8th and 9th, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 26 girls; total, 4S.
Average monthly attendance, 41.
Average actual daily attendance, 34.99.
Expenditure, $684.
At central examination held on April Sth and  9th,   1897,   Miss  Mabel R. Ford, a pupil
of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
 61 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.
261
Enderby.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Caldwell.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 26th and 30th, 1897 ; present, 5 boys, 6 girls ; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 20 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 2-4.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.55.
Expenditure, $742.
English.
Teacher, A. E. Phoenix.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 22nd, 1897 ; present, 9 boys, 8 girls ; total, 17
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls; total 26.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.22.
Expenditure, $640.
Esquimalt.
Teacher, Leonard A. Campbell,
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 10th, 1896; present, 42.
February llth, 1897; present, 15 boys, 26 girls; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 34 girls ; total, 55.
Average monthly attendance, 48.
Average actual daily attendance, 41.49.
Expenditure, $760.
Fairfield.
Teacher, Miss Isabella Lyons until June  30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss C. L.  Webb.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1896 ; present, 12 boys, 6 girls ; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 8 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.37.
Expenditure, $625.38.
Ferndale.
Teacher, Miss Margaret Abercrombie, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss Lena
Abercrombie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 5 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 15 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.48.
Expenditure,
 262 Public Schools Report. 1897
Field.
Teacher, Miss E. M. N. Lettice.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, September I5th, 1896; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11..
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 9 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.39.
Expenditure, $742.
Fort Steele.
Teacher, Miss A. S. Bailey.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
Examined, May 31st and June 1st,  1897.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, and 15 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.50.
Expenditure, $859.
At special examination held May 31st and June 1st, 1897, Master Herbert S. Clark, a
pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
This school district was created in May, 1897, and the average daily attendance for the
present half-year has been over 20.
Gabriola, North.
Teacher, Miss M. M. Robertson,
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 23rd, 1897 ; present, 4 boys, 8 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 10 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.81.
Expenditure, $640.
Gabriola,  South.
Teacher, Miss Emily Raper.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 23rd, 1897; present, 11 boys, 6 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 7 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.15.
Expenditure, $640.
At special examination held in Nanaimo on December 21st, 1896, Miss Margaret Lewis
a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
Galiano.
Teacher, Miss Ethel J. Crockford.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 4th, 1897; present, 12 boys, 8 girls; total, 20
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 11 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.91.
Expenditure, $640.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 263
Ganges.
Monitor, Miss C. L. Webb, until June 30th, 1897; present monitor, Miss E. Wilson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, February 19th, 1897; present, 4 boys, 6 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.53.
Expenditure, $480.
This assisted school was opened August, 1896.
Glenvalley.
Teacher, Miss Emily Parkinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 9th, 1896; present, 7 boys, 11 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 17 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.70.
Expenditure, $640.
At special examination held in New Westminister on December 21st, 1896, Miss Colina
McDonald, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
At special examination, held in Vancouver on December 21st, 1896, Miss Gertrude
El win, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
Golden.
Teacher, Miss Caroline McMillan, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, J. A. Bates.
Salary, $58.50.
Inspected, September 16th and 17th, 1896; present, 9 boys, 19 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 29 girls; total, 51.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 28.62.
Expenditure, $742.
The attendance at this school has increased very considerably during the present school-
year.
Goldstream.
Teacher, Miss Alice V. Harrison.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Eva E. Harrap.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, December 2nd and 4th, 1896; present, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
April 27th, 1897; present, 4 boys, 7 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 16 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.73.
Expenditure, $1,160.
At the midsummer examination held in Victoria on May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897,
Miss Mabel Phair, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
The attendance at the school in Happy Valley, taught by the monitor, has decreased to
such an extent that it will be necessary to close the school after the end of the present month.
 264 Public Schools Report. 1897
Gordon Head.
Teacher, Walter Clayton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November llth, 1896; present, 5 boys, 9 girls; total, 14
Visited, February 12th, 1897 ; school closed.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 9 girls ; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.36.
Expenditure, $640.
At the midsummer examination held in Victoria on May 26th,  27th and 28th,   1897,
Master Frederic J. Somers, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admis
sion to a High School.
Grand Forks.
Teacher, Miss M. G. Johnson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 17 girls ; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.08.
Expenditure, $340.
This assisted school was opened in January, 1897, and the school district was created in
May of the same year.
Grand Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Louise M. Sylvester.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Examined, March 22nd and 23rd, 1897; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 12 girls ; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.44.
Expenditure, $683.50.
Grantham.
Teacher, James A. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 19th, 1897; present, 7 boys, 6 girls ; total, 13.
March 29th, 1897 ; present, 7 boys, 6 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.49.
Expenditure, $640.
Greenwood.
Teacher, Miss C. G. Thornber, until December, 1897.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October Sth, 1896 ; present, 5 boys, 5 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 9 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.99.
Expenditure, $521.66.
This school was opened in September, 1896, and the school district created in May, 1897.
The sudden death during the present month, of the young and promising teacher of this
school, is deeply lamented by the whole community.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 265
Gulfside.
Teacher, G. Kendall, until September, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss A. B. Elmsly.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896 ; present, 12 boys, 5 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 8 girls, total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.44.
Expenditure, $640.
Hall's Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Linnie Lewis.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1896 ; present, 7 boys, 15 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 23 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.20.
Expenditure,
Haney.
Teacher, Francis J. McKenzie, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, D. M. Hunter.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, September 10th and llth, 1896 ; present, 14 boys, 13 girls ; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 16 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.23.
Expenditure, $742.
At the midsummer examination held in New Westminster on May 26th, 27th, and 28th,
1897, Miss Mary J. Ritchie, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
Harewood.
Teacher, Miss E. J. Sharpies.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Monitor, Miss Julie A. Teague.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, January 22nd, 1897; present, 23 boys, 22 girls; total, 45.
Enrolled during the year, 32 boys, 29 girls; total, 61.
Average monthly attendance, 50.
Average actual daily attendance, 42.05.
Expenditure, $1,184.
At special examination held in Nanaimo on December 21st, 1896, Miss Rose A. Hilbert,
a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
At the midsummer examination held in Nanaimo on May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897,
Miss Isabel M. Leask, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to
a High School.
An addition was made to the school-building during the past school-year.
 266 Public Schools Report. 1897
Hat   Creek.
Teacher, Mrs. E. B. McLellan, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss C. E. Ogle.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 15th and 17th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 5 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 5 girls; total, 14.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.73.
Expenditure, $340.
This assisted school was opened in January, 1897.
Hatzic.
Teacher, Miss A. B. Elmsly, until September 30th,   1897; present teacher, Miss E. M.
Gray.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 11 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.93.
Expenditure, $612.58.
Hernando.
Teacher, Miss Mary M. Creech.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.45.
Expenditure, $440.
Highland.
Teacher, Miss E. A. Clark.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 28th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 7 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.58.
Expenditure, $640.
Hope.
Teacher, Samuel B. Campbell.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1896; present, 15 boys, 15 girls; total, 30,
Examined, April Sth and 9th, 1897; present, 14 boys, 16 girls; total, 30.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 20 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.97.
Expenditure, $700.
At examination held on  April 8th, and  9th,   1897, the following  pupils of this school
obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School:—
Nelson S. Lougheed,
Jane C. Gourlay,
Mattie H. S. Wardle.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 267
Hornby.
Teacher, C. Howson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 14th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
March 24th, 1897; present, 3 boys, 4 girls; total, 7.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.64.
Expenditure, $640.
Howe Sound.
Teacher, John McMillan, B. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 16 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.18.
Expenditure, $640.
Huntingdon.
Teacher, Miss Cora Tingley, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, J. A. Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1896 ; present, 10 boys, 3 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.94.
Expenditure,
Illecillewaet.
Teacher, H. L. Lovering.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 18th, 1897; present, 4 boys, 6 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 9 girls; total 16.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.72.
Expenditure, $590.
This school was opened in August, 1896.    There is a slight increase in the average daily
attendance for the present half-year.
Junction.
Teacher, Robert D. Irvine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 15th, 1896 ; present, 5 boys, 6 girls ; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 15 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.64.
Expenditure,
 268 Public Schools Report. 1897
Kaslo.
Teacher, Miss Stella Kane, until December 31st, 1896 ; present teacher, James Hislop.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
Inspected, September 28th, 1896 ; present, 30 boys, 18 girls; total, 48.
Enrolled during the year, 61 boys, 38 girls ; total, 99.
Average monthly attendance, 63.
Average actual daily attendance, 48.29.
Expenditure, $887.
The number of pupils increased to such an extent that it was found necessary to grant
authority for the appointment of an additional teacher at the beginning of the present school-
year.
Kelowna.
Teacher, Daniel W. Sutherland.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October 15th, 1896 ; present, 3 boys, 2 girls ; total, 5.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 20 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.39.
Expenditure, $742.
Kensington.
Teacher, Miss C. McLellan, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss E. Lewis.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1896; present, 4 boys, 5 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 13 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.87.
Expenditure, $640.
Kettle River.
Teacher, John A. Cairnes.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Examined, October 7th and Sth, 1896; present, 17 boys, 14 girls; total, 31.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 21 girls; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.98.
Expenditure, $742.
At examination held on October 7th and 8th, 1896, Miss Isabella P. Paton, a pupil of
this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Lac-la-Hache.
Teacher, Miss Clara Noble.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 2.girls; total, 10.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.51.
Expenditure, $742.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 269
Ladner.
Teacher, Mrs. I. M. Macdonald.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Monitor, Miss M. E. Beadleston.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896; present, 17 boys, 31 girls; total, 48.
Enrolled during the year, 44 boys, 50 girls; total, 94.
Average monthly attendance, 63.
Average actual daily attendance, 54.11.
■ Expenditure, $1,202.
At special examination held in New Westminster on December 21st, 1896, Miss Jessie
E. Thirkle, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
Lake.
Teacher, Miss Jennie G. Fraser.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November 18th, 1896; present, 11 boys, 11 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 20 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.57.
Expenditure, $754.
Langley.
Teacher, A. H. P. Matthew.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 16th, 1897; present, 15 boys, 11 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 17 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.74.
Expenditure,
Langley,  East.
Teacher, M. McKinnon, M. A., until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, M. McLeod.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 9th, 1896; present, 10 boys, 9 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 14 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.63.
Expenditure, $640.
Langley Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Trembath, until June 30th,  1897; present teacher, Miss M. J.
McCannel.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 11 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.43.
Expenditure, $640.
At the midsummer examination held in New Westminster on May 26th, 27th and 28th,
1897, Miss Laura R. Michaud, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School.
 270 Public Schools Report. 1897
Lansdowne.
Teacher, Miss Kate C. Wolfenden.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 29th, 1897; present, 8 boys, 5 girls; total,   13.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 6 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.79.
Expenditure, $724.50.
Lillooet.
Teacher, John C. Morrison.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 16th, 1897 ; present, 14 boys, 8 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 11 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.17.
Expenditure, $742.
There has been a noticeable increase in average daily attendance for the past half-year.
Lillooet, South.
Teacher, Peter D. McTavish.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September llth, 1896; present, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 7 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.02.
Expenditure, $640.
Lochiel.
Teacher, James F. Tupper.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1896 ; present, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, II girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.34.
Expenditure,
Lulu.
Teacher, W. C. Acheson, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, J. A. Campbell.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Inspected, February 23rd, 1897; present, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 24 girls ; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.99.
Expenditure,
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 271
Lytton.
Teacher, Thomas Henderson, M. A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1896; present, 13 boys, 7 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 15 girls ; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.81.
Expenditure, $742.
Malahat.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Wolfenden.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 5th, 1897 ; present, 6 boys, 10 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 19 girls ; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.54.
Expenditure, $640.
Maple Bay.
Teacher, Miss Lizzie Kirkendall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 3rd, 1897; present, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Visited, April 7th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 14 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.14.
Expenditure,
Maple Ridge.
Teacher, Paul Murray.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
Monitor, Miss I. M. Marshall, until June 30th, 1897 ; present monitor, Miss J. Trembath.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September llth and 14th, 1896 ; present, 31 boys, 28 girls ; total, 59.
Enrolled during the year, 46 boys, 37 girls; total, 83.
Average monthly attendance, 64.
Average actual daily attendance, 54.83.
Expenditure, $1,244.80.
At special examination held in New Westminster on December 21st, 1896, Miss Mary J.
McCannel, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
Mara.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Dell until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss S. Fenton.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 30th, 1897 ; present 3 boys, 3 girls ; total, 6.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.14.
Expenditure, $742.
 272 Public Schools Report. 1897
Maria  Slough.
Monitor, W. H. Brown, until September 30th, 1897.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 7 girls ; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.68.
Expenditure, $520.
This assisted school was closed on September 30th, 1897, on account of inability to maintain the required average daily attendance.
Mayne Island.
Teacher, James W. Sinclair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 5th, 1897 ; present, 7 boys, 7 girls ; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.68.
Expenditure,
McPherson   (Cowichan).
Teacher, David S. Tait.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 4th, 1897 ; present, 5 boys, 7 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 11 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, l7.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.81.
Expenditure, $640.
A school house was erected in this district during the past school-year.
The name of this school district has been changed to Cowichan.
Metchosin.
Teacher, Miss Sarah V. Robinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 2nd and 4th, 1896; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 9 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.99.
Expenditure. $640.
At the midsummer examination held in Victoria on May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897,
Miss Sophia Pears, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 273
MOODYVILLE.
Teacher, Mrs. A. J. Colbeck.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 16th, 1896; present, 13 boys, 7 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 12 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.53.
Expenditure, $640.
At the midsummer examination held in Vancouver on May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897,
Miss Nora Colbeck, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a
High School.
Mountain.
Teacher, Alfred J. Pearsall.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Rosa Duncan.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 5th, 1896; present, 23 boys, 33 girls; total, 56.
February 10th, 1897; present, 26 boys, 26 girls; total, 52.
Enrolled during the year, 51 boys, 58 girls; total, 109.
Average monthly attendance, 72.
Average actual daily attendance, 53.87.
Expenditure, $1,262.
Mount Lehman.
Teacher, Arch'd A. McPhail.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1896; present, 10 boys, 11 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 18 girls; total, 43,
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.08.
Expenditure, $590.
An effort is being made towards obtaining an additional school in this district, to be
known as Jubilee School (assisted).
Mud Bay.
Teacher, Matthew Beattie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1896; present, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 14 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.24.
Expenditure,
Nakusp.
Teacher, Miss A. M. Lewis.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, September 22nd, 1896; present, 10 boys, 11 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 17 girls : total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.92.
Expenditure, $742.
 274 Public Schools Report. 1897
Nanaimo, North.
Teacher, Miss Alice L. Johnston.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 22nd, 1897; present, 15 boys, 9 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 21 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.80.
Expenditure,
Nanaimo, South.
Teacher, Alexander Shaw.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 22nd, 1897; present, 10 boys, 12 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 19 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.70.
Expenditure, $640.
Nanoose.
Teacher, Miss K. M. McKinnon.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.38.
Expenditure, $640.
Nelson.
Teacher, John R. Green.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
Assistant, Miss N. Delmage.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 30th, 1896; present, 51 boys, 33 girls; total, 84.
Enrolled during the year, 88 boys, 65 girls; total, 153.
Average monthly attendance, 104.
Average actual daily attendance, 74.19.
Expenditure, $1,611.12.
The average daily attendance at this school increased to such an extent that it was found
necessary to grant authority to the trustees to appoint a second assistant in October of the
present year. There is every probability that a third assistant will be required in the near
future. As the present school-building contains only three rooms, additional accommodation
will then be needed.
New Denver.
Teacher, Miss E. J. Livingstone, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, F. O. Foster, B.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 24th, 1896; present, 10 boys, 6 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 14 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.31.
Expenditure,
This school district was created in May, 1897.
 61 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.
275
Nicola.
Teacher, William T. Kinney.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896 ; present, 8 boys, 8 girls ; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.46.
Expenditure, $742.
Nicola Valley (Lower Nicola).
Teacher, Hiram H. Schuyler, B.A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896 ; present, 8 boys, 5 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 8 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.78.
Expenditure, $711.80.
The name of this school district has been changed to Lower Nicola.
Nicomin.
Teacher, John P. Cade, until September 30th, 1896.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1896 ; present, 5 boys, 4 girls ; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 4 girls; total, 10.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.90.
Expenditure, $140.
The school in this district was closed on September 30th, 1896, on account of inability to
maintain the average daily attendance required by the School Act. It has not been re-opened
since that date.
Nicomin, North.
Teacher, Norman McLeod.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1896 ; present, 7 boys, 7 girls ; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.21.
Expenditure,
North Arm.
Teacher, Miss Louise H. Bodwell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 24th, 1897; present, 16 boys, 14 girls; total, 30.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 24 girls; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 36.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.15.
Expenditure, $640.
At special examination held in Vancouver on January 9th, 1897, Miss Ruth Bodwell, a
pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
 276 Public Schools Report. 1897
North Bend.
Monitor, Miss J. B. McMillan.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1896; present, 5 boys, 10 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 14 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.42.
Expenditure, $480.
This assisted school  was  opened in August,  1896.    A school-house is needed at this
point.
North Thompson.
Teacher, Archibald D. McLennan, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, T. A. Wilson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, April 7th, 1897; present 5 boys, 3 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 8 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.71.
Expenditure, $742.
During the present school-year, an assisted school, known as West North Thompson, was
established on the west side of the river.
Notch Hill.
Teacher, Miss G. R, Millard.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.07.
Expenditure, $166.66.
This assisted school was opened in April, 1897.
Oak Bay.
Teacher, Miss Josephine Colquhoun.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 6th, 1896; present, 15 boys, 21 girls; total, 36.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 27 girls; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 34.37.
Expenditure, $652.
Okanagan.
Teacher, Frederick J. Watson, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss I. E. Birnie.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October 15th, 1896; present, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 11 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.62.
Expenditure, $742.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 277
Okanagan Landing.
Teacher, Miss M. C. MacFarlane.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, April 2nd, 1897 ; present, 8 boys, 3 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 6 girls ; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.08.
Expenditure, $658.42.
Okanagan Mission.
Teacher, Miss D. M. Thomson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October 16th, 1896; present, 2 boys, 3 girls; total, 5.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.04.
Expenditure, $742.
Okanagan, South.
Teacher, Harvey G. Watson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 4 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.99.
Expenditure, $742.
A school-house was erected in this district during the past school-year.
Okanagan, West.
Teacher, G. W. Hall.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 3 girls; total, 10.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.35.
Expenditure, $150.
This assisted school was opened in April, 1897.
Otter.
Teacher  Robert Brechin.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1896; present, 15 boys, 8 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 19 girls; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.37.
Expenditure,
 278 Public Schools Report. 1897
Otter Lake.
Teacher, M. McMillan, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss M. Dell.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 31st, 1897; present, 4 boys, 6 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.45.
Expenditure, $742.
Oyster, North.
Teacher,   Miss   E.   F.   Roberts,   until June  30th,   1897; present teacher,   Miss A.   E,
Fraser, B.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 11 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.
Expenditure,
Parksville.
Teacher, Miss Margaret Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 12th, 1896; present, 3 boys, 8 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 15 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.60.
Expenditure,
Pavilion.
Teacher, Miss A. Ketcheson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, August 18th and 19th, 1896; present, 5 boys, 8 girls: total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 9 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.35.
Expenditure, $617.42.
Pender.
Monitor, Miss E. M. Dalby, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, A. M. Johnston.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, March 4th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 8 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.76.
Expenditure, $520.
A school-house was erected in this district during the past school-year.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 279
Penticton.
Teacher,   Miss A   Ketcheson,   until December  31st,   1896 ; present teacher,  Miss Marguerite A. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 14th, 1896; present, 5 boys, 4 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 12 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.34.
Expenditure, $565.80.
This  assisted  school was  opened  in  August,   1896,   and  has  thus  far  maintained   the
required average daily attendance.
Pilot Bay.
Teacher, Miss L. R. Renwick, until August 31st,  1897 ; present teacher, Miss Elizabeth
Sayer.
Salary, $58.50 per month,
Inspected, September 29th, 1896; present, 7 boys, 15 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 17 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.43.
Expenditure, $683.50.
This  assisted   school,   which  was closed   during  the  whole of the previous year,   was
re-opened in August, 1896.
Port Kells.
Teacher, Miss Mary E. Norris, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, J. A. Rowe.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 17th, 1897; present, 10 boys, 6 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 8 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.24.
Expenditure, $640.
Port Moody.
Teacher, C. L. Thornber, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, J. K. Green.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Inspected, September 16th, 1896 ; present, 20 boys, 3 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 32 boys, 13 girls; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.94.
Expenditure, $684.
Prairie.
Teacher, Edward A. Marsland.
Salary, $53.66 per month.
Inspected, May 5th, 1897 ; present, 18 boys, 20 girls; total, 38.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 25 girls; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 36.30.
Expenditure, $684.
At central examination held in Cloverdale school house on May 6th and 7th, 1897,
Master George D. Graham, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
 280 Public Schools Report. 1897
Prospect.
Teacher, Miss Alice M. Haldon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 18th, 1896 ; present, 13 boys, 7 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.63.
Expenditure,
Puntledge.
Teacher, Miss Eliza Milligan, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, J. N. Muir, B. A.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, January 19th, 1897; present, 17 boys, 24 girls; total, 41.
March 29th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 19 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 36 girls ; total, 64.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.35.
Expenditure, $742.
At central examination held in Courtenay school-house on March 31st and April 1st,
1897, the following pupils of this school obtained the percentage required for admission to a
High School:—
Rose A. Milligan,
Mary Milligan,
Dora Crawford.
Qualicum.
Teacher, Miss J. G. Loat.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 12 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.87.
Expenditure, $472.25.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in October,  1896.      A school-house
was erected during the past school-year.
Quamichan.
Teacher, J. G. Hands.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 2nd, 1897 ; present, 12 boys, 4 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 9 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.72.
Expenditure, $473.87.
At the central examination held in Duncan school-house on April 8th and 9th, 1897,
Master Leonard Foot, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 281
Quesnelle.
Teacher, John F. Smith.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.05.
Expenditure, $859.
Read Island.
Teacher, Miss Ethel J. Carter.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 6 girls ; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.83.
Expenditure, $624.'
Revelstoke.
Teacher, Henry A. McTaggart.
Salary, $68.25 per month.
Inspected, September 21st, 1896; present, 17 boys, 14 girls; total, 31.
Enrolled during the year, 37 boys, 40 girls; total, 77.
Average monthly attendance, 44.
Average actual daily attendance, 32.04.
Expenditure, $859.
The average daily attendance at this school increased to such an extent, that it was found
necessary to grant authority for the appointment of an assistant in August of the present
school-year.
Rivers Inlet.
Teacher, Miss Kate Lawford, until October 31st, 1897.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 8 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.15.
Expenditure, $562.58.
This assisted school was opened in August, 1896, and closed by the trustees on October
31st, 1897, on account of inability to maintain the required average daily attendance.
Rocky Point.
Teacher, Henry C. Shelton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 3rd, 1896; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.64.
Expenditure, $640.
At the midsummer examination held in Victoria on May 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1897,
Master Herbert Parker, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission
to a High School.
 282 Public Schools Report. 1897
Rosedale.
Teacher, Miss Eliza J. Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1896; present, 9 boys, 8 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 16 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.70.
Expenditure, $640.
Round Prairie.
Teacher, Henry A. Fraser.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Visited, March 29th, 1897.     School closed on account of illness of teacher.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 10 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.94.
Expenditure, $742.
Saanich, North.
Teacher, P A. McDiarmid.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November 12th, 1896; present, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 27 girls; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.10.
Expenditure, $742.
At examination held May 20th and 21st, 1897, Master George Mcllmoyl, a pupil of this
school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Saanich, South.
Teacher, George H. Sluggett, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, E. A. Huggard.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 13th, 1896; present, 13 boys, 14 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 18 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.86.
Expenditure,
Saanich, West.
Teacher, Edmund Caspell.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November 13th, 1896; present, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
Examined, May 21st and 25th, 1897; present, 3 boys, 11 boys; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 15 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.45.
Expenditure, $742.
At examination held on May 21st and 25th, 1897, Miss Dora Butler and Master Robert
B. Thomson, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 283
Sathlam.
Monitor, Miss Mary J. Blake.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, February 3rd, 1897; present, 5 boys, 4 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 6 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.49.
Expenditure, $480.
At central examination held in Duncan school-house on April 8th and 9th, 1897, Master
Walter Robinson, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
Salmon Arm.
Teacher, John A Tolmie.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 25th, 1897 ; present, 17 boys, 10 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 29 girls ; total, 52.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 28.05.
Expenditure, $742.
Salmon  Arm, Upper.
Teacher, Miss Jessie McQueen, until August 31st, 1896.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 6 girls ; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.81.
Expenditure, $117.
This school was opened in August, 1895, and was closed in August, 1896, on account of
resignation of teacher.    It has not since been re-opened.
Sandon.
Teacher, Miss E. H. Gibbon, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss M. D. Skinner.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 22 girls ; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.26.
Expenditure, $448.06.
The school in this town was opened in October, 1896.    The school district was created in
May, 1897.
Savona.
Teacher, Miss H. Young, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, L. C. Ashworth.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 19th, 1897; present, 3 boys, 4 girls; total, 7.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.07.
Expenditure,
 284 Public Schools Report. 1897
Sea Island.
Teacher, Heber B. Barton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jemima Reid.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, February 23rd, 1897 ; present, 26 boys, 21 girls; total, 47.
Enrolled during the year, 45 boys, 41 girls ; total, 86.
Average monthly attendance, 60.
Average actual daily attendance, 47.38.
Expenditure, $1,005.80.
At special examination held in Vancouver on January 9th, 1897, Miss Winifred Fraser,
a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
At the midsummer examination held in Vancouver on May 26th, 27th and 28th, 1897,
Misses Eveline and Elizabeth McCleery, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School.
An addition to the school building was erected during the past school-year.
Serpentine.
Teacher, John A. Rowe until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, W. A. McKenzie.
Salary, $50 per month,
Inspected, February 18th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 5 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 15 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.80.
Expenditure, $640.
At the midsummer examination held in New Westminster on May 26th, 27th and 28th,
1897, Miss Daisy M. Davis, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
Shawnigan.
Teacher, James A. Hoy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 5th, 1897; present, 11 boys, 8 girls; total 19.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 11 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.62.
Expenditure, $640.
Short's Point.
Teacher, William Sivewright.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.63.
Expenditure, $526.66.
This assisted school was opened in September, 1896.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 285
Shuswap.
Teacher,   Miss   Mary   McDowell,   until   December   31st,   1896;   present   teacher,  Miss
Florence Beattie.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Examined, March 24th and 25th, 1897 ; present, 3 boys, 6 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 11 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.22.
Expenditure, $742.
Sidney.
Teacher, W. H. M. May.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, November 12th, 1896; present, 11 boys, 16 girls; total, 27.
Examined, May 20th and 21st, 1897; present, 9 boys, 14 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 27 girls ; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.45.
Expenditure, $742.
Silverdale.
Teacher, Miss Mary L. Abercrombie, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss G. H.
Marshall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 3 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 6 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.25.
Expenditure, $640.
Similkameen.
Teacher, Miss Mary Bell.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October 13th, 1896; present, 9 boys, 3 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 4 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.97.
Expenditure, $742.
Simpson.
Teacher, Miss Caroline M. Hall, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Mrs. J. M. H.
Harding.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Examined, June, 1897.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 15 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.95.
Expenditure, $742,
At special examination held in June, 1897, Miss Martha W. O'Neill, a pupil of this schoo
passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
 286 Public Schools Report. 1897
Somenos.
Teacher, Miss Jeannette Mebius.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 3rd, 1897 ; present, 14 boys, 7 girls; total, 21.
Visited, April 7th, 1897; present, 12 boys, 7 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 9 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.63.
Expenditure,
Sooke.
Teacher, John Brandon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 27th, 1897; present, 9 boys, 8 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.94.
Expenditure, $640.
Sooke, East.
Teacher, Miss P. Spragge, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, D. A. Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 13 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.44.
Expenditure, $540.
Southfield.
Teacher, Miss Kate Cairns.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, January 21st, 1897; present, 21 boys, 16 girls; total, 37.
Enrolled during the year, 30 boys, 30 girls; total, 60.
Average monthly attendance, 45.
Average actual daily attendance, 33.30.
Expenditure, $640.
Spallumcheen.
Teacher, Miss Mary Babcock.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, March 31st, 1897; present, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 17 girls; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.90.
Expenditure, $742.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 287
Spring Brook.
Teacher, Robert J. Plaxton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, May 5th, 1897; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 11 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.11.
Expenditure, $590.
A school-house was erected in this newly-created district in 1896, and the school opened
in August of that year.
Squamish.
Teacher, Miss Grace A. Mcintosh, B.A., until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss E.
C. Parker.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.46.
Expenditure, $640.
Stave River.
Monitor, Miss L. E. Moss, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, Miss C. Tingley.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, May 5th, 1897; present, 14 boys, 5 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 5 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.55.
Expenditure, $140.
The school in  this  newly-created  district was opened in  April, 1897, and has thus far
maintained a good attendance.
Steveston.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Sweeney.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 22nd, 1897; present, 12 boys, 21 girls; total, 33.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 36 girls; total, 60.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.87.
Expenditure, $640.
The attendance at this school has very noticeably increased during the present school-year.
Strawberry Vale.
Teacher, James H. Monk.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 18th, 1896; present, 8 boys, 15 girls; total, 23.
April 28th, 1897; present, 7 boys, 10 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 22 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.44.
Expenditure, $640.
 288 Public Schools Report. 1897
Sumas.
Teacher, Malcolm McLeod, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, J. A. McLeod.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1896 ; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.48.
Expenditure, $640.
Sumas, South.
Teacher, D. E. Stevenson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1896; present, 10 boys, 5 girls; total; 15.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 8 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.58.
Expenditure, 640.
Sunbury.
Monitor, Miss R. Tanner, until June 30th, 1897; present monitor, J. E. Jay, B.A.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 11 girls ; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.06.
Expenditure, $240.
This assisted school was opened in February, 1897, and has thus far maintained the average daily attendance required by the Regulations.
Surrey Centre.
Teacher, R. L. Laffere, B.A., until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, S. Moore, B.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1896 ; present, 5 boys, 10 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 14 girls; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.20.
Expenditure, $640.
Three Forks.
Teacher, Marcus McDowell, until September 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, Miss J. Arthur.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 25th, 1896; present, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 13 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.36.
Expenditure,
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 289
Tolmie.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Godson.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Grace Godson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Eva I. Miller.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 2nd, 1896 ; present, 31 boys, 38 girls; total, 69.
November, 20th, 1896 ; present, 26 boys, 32 girls; total, 58.
February 10th, 1897; present, 24 boys, 31 girls; total, 55.
Enrolled during the year, 54 boys, 53 girls ; total, 107.
Average monthly attendance, 82.
Average actual daily attendance, 66.02.
Expenditure, $1,742.
At special examination held in Victoria on December 21st, 1896, Miss Dorothy M. Moxon,
a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
Trail.
Teacher, Donald J. Dewar.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Assistant, Miss M. G. Bunting.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 4th, 1896; present, 34 boys, 30 girls; total, 64.
Enrolled during the year, 85 boys, 74 girls; total, 159.
Average monthly attendance, 100.
Average actual daily attendance, 69.65.
Expenditure, $1,258.66.
A school-house to accommodate two divisions was erected during the past school-year, and
a duplicate of the same has been erected during the present school-year.
Owing to the largely increased attendance, it was found necessary to grant authority to
the trustees to appoint a second assistant.
Trenant.
Teacher, A. L. Kendall, until September, 1897 ; present teacher, Geo. Kendall.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896 ; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 22 girls; total, 51.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.62.
Expenditure, $742.
Valdez Island.
Teacher, Miss Kate V. Smith, until June 30th, 1897 ; present teacher, G. Kirkendall.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 6 girls; total, 14.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.92.
Expenditure, $640.
 290 Public Schools Report. 1897
Vancouver, East.
Teacher, Martin J. Ravey, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, M. McMillan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 25th, 1897; present, 13 boys, 17 girls; total, 30.
Enrolled during the year, 31 boys, 33 girls; total, 64.
Average monthly attendance, 38.
Average actual daily attendance, 30.38.
Expenditure,
A school-house was erected in this district during the past school-year.
Vancouver, South.
Teacher, John Moscrop.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 25th, 1897; present, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, U
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 17 girls; total, 39.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.68.
Expenditure, $640.
Vesuvius.
Teacher, Raffles A. R. Purdy, until November, 1897; present teacher, T. A. McMartin, B.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, February 18th and 19th, 1897; present, 11 boys, 7 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 11 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.21.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination held on February 18th and 19th, 1897, Miss Margaret Mouat and Master
William M. Mouat, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
Vesuvius, North.
Teacher, Miss Katie Furness.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 18th, 1897; present, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 14 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.90.
Expenditure, $640.
A new school-house is needed in this district.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 291
Waneta.
Teacher, Miss Isabella Reith.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, October 6th, 1896; present, 6 boys, 3 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 11 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.76.
Expenditure, $665.45.
Owing to removal of some families from this district, the school has not been opened thus
far during the present school-year.
Waterloo.
Teacher, Miss M. E. Fletcher.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 5 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.35.
Expenditure, $340.
This assisted school was opened in January, 1897.
Webster's Corners.
Monitor, Miss L. M. Coghlan.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 10th, 1896 ; present, 3 boys, 4 girls; total, 7.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.33.
Expenditure, $480.
This assisted school was opened in August, 1896, and has thus far maintained the required
average daily attendance.
Westham.
Teacher, Miss Florence N. Elmsly.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1896 ; present, 4 boys, 3 girls; total, 7.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 14 girls ; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.76.
Expenditure,
White Valley.
Teacher, Thomas A. Norris.
Salary, $58.50 per month.
Inspected, April 1st, 1897; present, 8 boys, 5 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 20 girls ; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual dailv attendance, 19.17.
Expenditure, $742."
 292 Public Schools Report. 1897
Whonnock.
Teacher, J. F. Harrison.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 10th, 1896 ; present, 3 boys, 8 girls ; total, 11.
May 5th, 1897 ; present, 4 boys, 6 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 15 girls ; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.30.
Expenditure,
Yale.
Teacher, J. A. Bates, until June 30th, 1897; present teacher, W. Langsford.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1896 ; present, 6 boys, 14 girls ; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 19 girls ; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.71.
Expenditure, $700.
York (Upper Sumas).
Teacher, Miss Mary Truswell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, September 3rd and 4th, 1896 ; present, 2 boys, 7 girls ; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 12 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.44.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination held on September 3rd and 4th, 1896, Miss May A. Bowman, a pupil of
this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The name of this school district has been changed to Upper Sumas.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 293
PROVINCIAL TEACHERS' INSTITUTE.
A convention of the above association was held on the 20th, 21st, and 22nd April, 1897,
in South Park School Building, Victoria.
Over two hundred teachers were present and enrolled their names as members. The
prompt attendance at each meeting, and the enthusiasm displayed by those present, gave
abundant evidence of a genuine desire to obtain increased professional knowledge and inspiration for their work. All seemed to recognize that they belonged to the great brotherhood of
teachers, the result of whose labours is for the dignity and welfare of humanity. It was the
unanimous opinion that each of the sessions was interesting and instructive, and tended to
impress the teacher with the importance of continuous self-improvement, in order the better
to succeed in his daily work.
The following is the report of the Secretary forwarded to this Department:—
"Victoria, November,  1897.
" Sir,—I have the honour to forward you herewith a report of the transactions of the
Provincial Teachers' Institute for the year 1897, taken from the minutes of the sessions of
that body, commencing on the morning of April 20th and ending on the evening of April 23rd
of this year.
" I have, etc.,
" Edward B. Paul,
" Secretary of Provincial Teachers' Institute ofi B. C.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.
"The Provincial Teachers' Institute of British Columbia met in South Park School,
Victoria, on Tuesday, April 20th, 1897.
" Morning Session.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., Superintendent of Education, called the meeting to order at
10 o'clock, expressing his gratification at seeing so many teachers present, and stating that he
hoped they would attend every meeting of the Institute punctually, and remain till its close.
He then called on the Secretary, Mr. E. B. Paul, to read the constitution and by-laws drawn
up by the Committee of Management.    On motion, they were adopted as a whole.
" On motion, duly seconded, it was decided that the next meeting of the Institute should
be held in Vancouver during the Easter holidays, 1898. The following officers were then
duly elected for that year :—
" Honorary President—Colonel the Hon. James Baker, Minister of Education.
"President—S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., Superintendent of Education.
" 1st Vice-President—D. Wilson, Esq., B.A., Inspector of Schools.
"2nd Vice-President—F. M. Cowperthwaite, Esq., B.A., Vancouver.
" 3rd Vice-President—Robert Sparling, Esq., Vernon.
"Secretary—J. H. Kerr, Esq., B.A., Vancouver.
"Treasurer—John Shaw, Esq., Nanaimo.
" Committee—Miss A. D. Cameron, Victoria; Miss M. E. Speirs, Vancouver; A. Robinson, Esq., B.A., Vancouver; W. C. Coatham., Esq, New Westminster; G. H. Tom, Esq.,
Vancouver.
" Afternoon Session.
" The Institute was called to order punctually at 2 o'clock, Dr. Pope in the chair.
" After prayer by Mr. Netherby, Miss C. Christie gave a piano solo, which was received
with applause.
Mr. Tait then gave a most interesting lesson on writing to a class of his pupils from
Victoria West, prefacing it by saying that writing was one of the most important subjects a
teacher is required to teach—in fact, after reading, the most important.    Two things must be
 294 Public Schools Report. 1897
aimed at—rapidity and legibility. He then proceeded to show how he taught writing, his
pupils manifesting by their work (which was afterwards passed round) that they had been
carefully trained. After a discussion on the proper position for vertical writing, Dr. Pope
exhibited some specimens of writing, the work of Indian children attending one of the industrial schools of the West Coast. Although none of these children had been longer than
twenty-one months at school, the excellent penmanship shown was highly creditable to their
instructor and themselves.
" Miss J. C. Strachan then recited ' The Inventor's Wife,' in a very acceptable manner;
after which Mr. T. E. Knapp read a paper on ' Primary Geography,' containing much valuable
information as to the course that should be followed in the earlier stages of the teaching of
this subject.
" Mr. J. H. Monk then gave a vocal solo, which was thoroughly appreciated and heartily
encored.
" The thoughtful and exceedingly helpful paper entitled ' Stepping-stones to Success in
the Teacher's Profession,' given by Miss Lyons, was listened to with great attention, and
elicited well-deserved commendation.
" Evening Session.
" The exercises of this meeting were opened with prayer by the Venerable Archdeacon
Scriven.
" The teachers of Victoria entertained their visiting colleagues at a conversazione, during
which addresses of welcome were delivered by His Worship Mayor Redfern, on behalf of the
City; by the Hon. Col. Baker, Minister of Education, for the Education Department; and by
Principal Netherby, for the Victoria Teachers' Institute. The musical programme was much
appreciated, and reflected much credit on Miss Williams, Principal of the Girls' School, to
whose exertions its excellence was due. The rest of the evening was devoted to refreshments
and conversation.
"Wednesday, April 21st.
" Morning Session.
" After prayer by Mr. L. Tait, Victoria West, and roll-call, Dr. Pope announced that the
Minister of Education had kindly presented $20 to the funds of the Institute.
" It was moved by Mr. Hunter and seconded by Mr. Shaw that a vote of thanks be
returned to Col. Baker for his generous gift.    Carried unanimously.
" Mr. Paul Murray then read a most instructive paper on ' Agriculture,' in which he
maintained that the placing of that subject on the curriculum of the public schools of the
Province was a wise measure. The authorized text-book, however, was too much a book of
reference, and unsuitable to be taught as a whole.
"Col. Baker highly complimented Mr. Murray on the excellence of his paper.
"After a short discussion on this subject, Mr. Brandon sang a song that was received
with applause.
"A paper on 'Do we Teach Children to Read.' by Miss M. Lawson, showing much
thought and careful composition, was then read.
"Mr. 0. H. Cogswell then gave a carefully prepared paper styled 'A few Lessons on
Psychology,' for the discussion of which there was, unfortunately, no time.
"Afternoon Session.
" Mr. Coatham, New Westminster, opened the session with prayer.
" After a piano duet by Misses Gardiner and Barron, the pupils of Victoria West School
gave an admirable exhibition of club swinging.
"Miss King, North Ward, Victoria, received much applause for her lesson in 'Practical
Arithmetic' to a class of little boys and girls of the Second Reader, whose rapid addition was
much admired. ,
"Mr. Cowperthwaite, Vancouver, followed with his paper on 'Rousseau and his Emile,'
a most carefully composed essay, which was briefly reviewed by Inspector Wilson.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 295
"After a vocal solo by Miss Hartt, of Nanaimo, Mr. Coatham read a paper on 'Composition,' furnishing a most exhaustive review of the various courses to be adopted in training,
not only primary, but more advanced pupils to express themselves with ease and correctness.
" Trustees Mesdames Grant and Jenkins, of Victoria City, then addressed the Institute,
and at the close of their speeches were made honorary members of that body.
" Evening Session.
" Mr. Sparling opened the Institute with prayer.
" After a piano solo by Miss Frank, Mr. E. Caspell, Saanich, read a paper on the teaching
of ' Geography,' which was followed by a paper by Mr. J. M. Campbell, Cadboro Bay, on
'Patriotism.'    Both these papers were instructive and much appreciated.
"Principal Robinson, Vancouver High School, then took the floor with "A Plea for the
Closer Union of Past and Present Methods," a scholarly production that was received with
much applause.-
" Col. Baker commended all the papers he had heard, and promised to have all papers
printed and copies distributed among the teachers, to enable them to read them at their
leisure, and profit by their instruction.
"Thursday, April 22nd.
" Morning Session.
" Rev. Dr. Camphell, First Presbyterian Church, Victoria, opened with prayer.
" Miss Russell's able paper on ' Kindergarten and other Devices of School Management'
was discussed at some length.
" After a vocal solo by Mr. Monk, Mr. Sparling, Vernon, read his essay on the ' Dignity
of the Teacher's Profession,' an excellent composition, well delivered.
"The teachers then adjourned to the playground to witness 'Physical Drill' by Mr. John
St. Clair, who exercised his pupils in the Swedish movements and in battalion drill. The
smart appearance of the boys, and the promptitude with which the}:- obeyed the words of command, were much admired.
" Afternoon Session.
" The afternoon session was devoted to the ' Question Drawer' and ' Resolutions.'
" lii  the  first  case,  the  Superintendent  of  Education answered,  with  much  courtesy,
readiness, and tact, questions on subjects covering nearly the whole ground of school management.
"The resolutions were mainly votes of thanks to all persons and bodies who had been
instrumental in promoting the success of this meeting of the Institute.
" Evening Session.
"The Institute met in the A. O. U. W. Hall at 8 o'clock, p.m., to listen to an address on
' Education ' by Colonel the Honourable James Baker, Minister of Education.
" The following programme was rendered :—
" 1.  Instrumental duet—Misses Barron and Gardiner.
" 2.  Reading—Miss Strachan.
" 3.   Vocal duet—Messrs. Williams and Cave.
" 4.  Recitation—Mr. Allan.
" 5. Address—The Honourable the Minister of Education.
" 6. God Save the Queen.
" Col. Baker's address was listened to by the Institute  with  the  profound  attention  it
deserved, for it was a most scholarly production, carefully composed and impressively delivered.
"A unanimous standing vote of thanks to Col.  Baker for his excellent lecture, and for
his courtesy during the sessions of the Institute, followed by the National Anthem, brought
the meeting of the Institute to a close.
"E. B. Paul,
" Secretary."
 296 Public Schools Report. 1897
HIGH SCHOOL SECTION OF PROVINCIAL TEACHERS' INSTITUTE.
On the afternoon of Wednesday, the 22nd inst., the teachers of the High Schools of
British Columbia met in South Park School to establish a High School Section of the Teachers'
Institute.
The advisability of having a Section where High School subjects and questions might be
discussed having been admitted, the teachers present formed themselves into a " High School
Section of Provincial Teachers' Institute of British Columbia," and elected the following officers
for the coming year (1898) :—
H. M.  Stramberg,  Esq., B. A Chairman.
Alex.  Robinson, Esq., B. A Vice-Chairman.
J. H. Kerr, Esq., B. A Secretary.
Committee
E. B. Paul, Esq., M. A., Walter Hunter, Esq., B. A.,
Miss M. B. Miller, B. A.
The next meeting of the Institute will be held on the 12th, 13th, and 14th April, 1898,
in Vancouver City.
The Honourable the Council of Public Instruction has been pleased to grant authority to
those teachers who attend the meetings of the Institute to close their schools on the above
dates, and has also declared the 15th April to be a holiday, in order to enable teachers attending to return to their homes.
We cannot too strongly urge upon all our teachers (who can attend) the necessity of being
present and taking part in the forthcoming meeting of this Institute.
BRANCH INSTITUTES.
The annual meeting of the Mainland  Teachers' Institute is announced  to be held on
January 3rd and 4th, 1898.
The officers of the Institute at present are as follows:—
Mr. F. M. Cowperthwaite, B.A President.
Mrs. I. M. Macdonald 1st Vice-President.
Mr. J. D. MacLean 2nd Vice-President.
Mr. W. C. Coatham Treasurer.
Mr. J. J. Dougan Recording Secretary.
Miss L. Fletcher Corresponding Secretary.
In addition to the above the following constitute the Committee of Management:—
Miss E. Rogers, Mr. J. K. Henry, B.A.,
Miss E. E. Robinson, Mr. G. W. McRae,
Mr. R. J. Hall.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 297
The Victoria City Teachers' Institute meets each month.
Its officers at present are as follows:—
Miss A. D. Cameron President.
Miss M. Williams Vice-President.
Mr. D. Dallas Secretary.
The Executive Committee consists of the above officers and the following teachers:
Mr. L. Tait, Mr. A. W. Curry,
Miss L. Barron, Miss E. G. Lawson,
Miss A. Gardiner, Miss A. Spragge.
The annual meeting of the Inland  Teachers' Institute was held in Vernon on September
28th and 29th, 1897.
The officers of the Institute are as -follows:—
Mr. R. Sparling President.
Miss I. Lyons Vice-President.
Mr. W. C. Acheson Secretary-Treasurer.
Miss E. Harding Corresponding Secretary.
The following are additional members of the Executive Committee:—
Miss M. Babcock, Miss D. M. Thomson,
Mr. T. A. Norris.
The teachers of Chilliwhack and Sumas Valleys have organized the Chilliwhack Teachers'
Institute.    The first meeting is to be held on January 3rd, 1$98.
The following are the officers of the Institute:—
Mr. R. H. Cairns President.
Mr. J. A. MacLeod Vice-President.
Miss M. E. Mercer Secretary-Treasurer.
In addition to the above, the Executive Committee consists of the following:—
Mrs. J. Templer, Miss M. Menten.
INSPECTORS AND INSPECTORATES.
Owing to the largely increasing number of schools and the urgent need of more vigilant
and more frequent supervision, provision was made in the Estimates of last Session for the
salaries of two additional Inspectors of Schools.
In July of the present year, F. M. Cowperthwaite, Esq., B. A., and S. B. Netherby, Esq.,
were appointed to fill these positions. Both of these gentlemen have had many years of successful experience in teaching, and are thoroughly competent to discharge the important duties
devolving upon them.
During the present month, the Honourable the Council of Public Instruction deemed it
to be advisable to divide the Province into three inspectoral districts, and to place each under
a resident inspector.
 298 Public Schools Report. 1897
No. 1.   To embrace Vancouver Island and adjacent Islands, and to be in charge of Inspector Netherby—residence, Nanaimo.
No. 2.   To include the schools in New Westminster, Lillooet, and Cariboo Districts, and
to be under Inspector Cowperthwaite—residence, Vancouver.
No. 3.   To embrace the schools in Yale, East Kootenay, and West Kootenay Districts,
and to be in charge of Inspector Burns—residence, Nelson.
Inspector D. Wilson is retained as assistant in general supervision and departmental
work.
It is understood that the Inspectors' locations as given above are not permanent, but are
subject to change after one or two years.
The following instructions have been issued for the guidance of the Inspectors :—
1. An Inspector is required, as a condition of holding office, to devote his time and attention exclusively to its duties.
2. It shall be the duty of the Inspector, to visit and inspect as frequently as time will
permit, each school within his Inspectoral District, and report fully upon its condition to the
Superintendent of Education. He shall furnish Trustees and Teachers such information as
they may require respecting the performance of their duties, and especially shall assist teachers
in classifying pupils, in managing schools, and in employing improved methods of imparting
instruction.
3. The Council of Public Instruction requires that the inspection of school work be systematic and thorough. To this end, ample time should be taken to enable an intelligent judgment to be formed regarding the classification of the school, the methods of instruction
pursued, the order maintained and discipline observed, and the general ability and faithfulness
of the teacher. While this work must be done thoroughly, it should be executed in a kind and
sympathetic manner. Effective teaching must be judged by the average status of the school,
not by the rapid advancement of a small proportion of the pupils.
4. In all cases when the Inspector finds anything faulty or defective in the teacher's
methods of instruction or government, or in the classification or general management of the
school, he is required, as far as possible, to confer with the teacher privately on such matters.
5. When the Inspector finds that the Rules and Regulations of the Council are not
implicitly complied with, it shall be his duty to call the attention of the teacher to that which
is amiss or defective, and in case of failure of the teacher to remedy the defect complained of,
to report the facts of the case to the Superintendent of Education.
6. The Inspector shall report on the condition of the school buildings and grounds, the
accommodation and the equipment of each school, and make recommendations as to its needs.
7. An abstract of the inspectoral work of the preceding month shall be furnished monthly
to the Superintendent of Education. Also, after the close of each school-year, a general report
on the work of the past year must be supplied.
8. It shall be the duty of the Inspector to do everything in his power to improve the
efficiency of the schools in his inspectorate, and to animate parents, trustees, and teachers to
take a deep interest in the welfare of their schools.
The most notable event of the present year to the children of the Public Schools was
undoubtedly the celebration of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. In every school of the Province
the noble life and revered character of Her Most Gracious Majesty were impressed upon the
minds of the pupils by lesson, by anecdote, and in patriotic song. Many and varied were the
ways in which young and old alike joined in celebrating this the longest reign in the annals
of British History.
As an illustration, it may be mentioned that a very handsome Silver Medal to be competed for by pupils attending the schools of East Kootenay at the examinations held for
entrance to a High School was donated by R. L. T. Galbraith, Esq., of Fort Steele. The
winner of this beautiful prize for the present year was Master Herbert S. Clark, of Fort Steele
Public School.
 61 Vict. Public Schools Report. 299
W. H. Hayward., Esq, of Metchosin, also presented an excellent oil painting of Her
Majesty to be competed for annually by all the schools of Esquimalt Electoral District. Each
school sent a representative to compete in Declamation and Composition in accordance with
the terms prescribed by the donor. The examining committee, consisting of the Venerable
Archdeacon Scriven, Inspector D. Wilson, and Miss A. D. Cameron, awarded the possession
of the portrait for the present school-year to the Colwood School. It is proper to add that
Mr. Hayward gave a special prize to the pupil who achieved the honour for this school.
The Honourable C. E. Pooley, M.P.P., kindly donated a prize to the pupil who attained
Second Rank, and addressed the parents and others present at this competition.
In several districts through the enthusiasm of trustees, parents, and others interested,
flag poles were erected on the school grounds and the National Banner flung to the breeze.
The deep interest thus shown in the different parts of the Province in the educational
welfare of the rising generation, is certainly most praiseworthy and cannot but serve as a
lively incentive to both teachers and pupils.
This Department presented to the Trustees of each Rural District an excellent lithograph
portrait of Her Majesty, accompanied with the request that it be framed and hung behind the
teacher's desk, so that being in full view of the pupils it would tend to impress upon their
minds the memory of the most revered sovereign of any age or clime.
It is with feelings of deep regret that we record the death, on 26th March, 1897, of Mrs.
L. M. Caldwell, who had been in active service in the Victoria City Girls' School since August,
1873.
The deceased lady was a faithful and painstaking teacher, and will long be lovingly
remembered by the many hundreds of pupils who have been under her charge.
Mrs. Caldwell served continuously for a greater number of years in this Province than
any other teacher on the permanent staff.
By a regulation of the Council of Public Instruction, pupils who have attended a High
School for not less than two years can obtain a Diploma or Certificate of Standing by undergoing the annual Departmental examination, provided marks obtained are at least 30 per cent.
in each subject.
This Diploma is granted only when the pupil is leaving the school, and may be considered
equivalent to a Certificate of Graduation.
Agriculture has been made an optional subject in all Public Schools, and hence is no
longer prescribed as a compulsory subject for entrance to a High School, or for Teachers'
Examination.
" History of England and Great Britain "—Meiklejohn,  has been placed on the list of
text-books authorized for use in High Schools.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. D. POPE,
Superintendent of Education.
  61 Vict. Public Schools Report.
PART II.
STATISTICAL   RETURNS.
 11.
Public Schools Report.
1897
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1897
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 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
School Districts.
Abbotsford	
Aberdeen	
Agassiz	
Ainsworth	
Alberni  	
Aldergrove	
Aldergrove, South	
Aldergrove, South, West
Anarchist Mountain....
Anniedale	
Armstrong	
Ashcroft 	
Ateholitz	
Barkerville	
Beaver 	
Beaver Point	
Bella Coola	
Belmont	
Big Bar	
Boundary Bay	
Boundary Creek	
Bow-en Island	
Brandon-Slocan	
Brownsville	
Burgoyne Bay	
Burnaby	
Burnaby, West	
Burton	
Cache Creek	
Cadboro 	
Camp Slough	
Cedar Hill	
Cedar, North 	
Cedar, South	
Centre Road	
Cheam	
Chemainus	
Chemainus Landing....
Chilliw-hack  	
Chilliwhack, East	
Chilliwhack, South	
Clayton 	
Amount paid
for Teachers-
Salaries.
600 00
480 00
600 00
702 00
1,080 00
600 00
600 00
480 00
507 83
600 00
702 00
702 00
600 00
1,026 00
600 00
600 00
505 75
600 00
200 00
505 00
702 00
600 00
550 00
600 00
644 00
600 00
450 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
240 CO
600 00
600 00
600 00
1,478 00
600 00
1,182 00
600 00
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Kent,
&c.
$ 40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
160 00
40 00
40 00
29 85
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
27 30
40 00
40 00
40 00
27 35
27 50
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
60 00
40 00
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
t 640 00
520 00
640 00
742 00
1,160 00
640 00
640 00
520 00
547 83
640 00
742 00
742 00
640 00
1,186 00
640 00
640 00
635 60
640 00
240 00
545 00
742 00
640 00
590 00
640 00
671 30
640 00
490 00
640 00
729 35
627 50
640 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
280 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
1,558 00
640 00
1,242 00
640 00
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
$ 20 64
24 76
19 39
26 50
15 46
30 47
30 47
26 00
22 82
22 06
23 93
12 79
26 66
51 56
32 00
29 09
15 75
33 68
13 33
21 80
27 48
29 09
12 29
24 61
20 34
26 66
16 89
18 28
42 90
16 95
20 00
17 66
14 88
32 00
15 55
15 28
26 66
23 70
12 56
18 82
16 78
61
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
§ 62 31
41 76
33 98
69 65
24 35
53 64
46 51
44 21
31 48
61 83
40 70
22 19
36 95
90 39
49 07
53 20
26 55
50 27
16 70
54 88
63 20
57 81
36 10
59 81
23 61
42 07
24 77
58 76
63 20
35 03
36 19
27 67
28 30
50 95
22 67
36 07
46 74
42 72
19 27
24 70
28 34
58 66
 lii.
Public Schools Report.
1897
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
Continued.
School Districts.
Clinton	
Cloverdale	
Coldstream	
Colwood	
Comox	
Cortez Island   ..
Courtenay	
Cowichan, South
Craigflower	
Deep Creek	
Delta	
Denman Island .
Departure Bay .
Donald	
Douglas	
Ducks	
Dunach 	
Dunach, South..
Duncan 	
Enderby	
English	
Esquimalt	
Fairfield	
Ferndale    	
Field	
Fort Steele	
Gabriola, North.
Gabriola, South.
Galiano	
Ganges	
Glenvalley	
Golden	
Goldstream	
Gordon Head ...
Grand Forks	
Grand Prairie.. .
Grantham	
Greenwood	
Gulfside	
Hall's Prairie ...
Haney 	
Harewood	
Amount paid
for Teachers-
Salaries.
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
&c.
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
$ 709 40
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
$ 702 00
$ 7 40
% 17 73
S 27 03
702 00
60 00
762 00
16 93
36 04
468 00
40 00
608 00
18 81
66 23
600 00
40 00
640 00
18 28
41 13
600 00
40 00
640 00
17 77
28 08
600 00
40 00
640 00
42 66
83 11
702 00
40 00
742 00
14 00
24 26
150 00
150 00
742 00
13 63
21 20
16 94
30 29
702 00
40 00
702 00
40 00
742 00
39 05
67 51
600 00
40 00
640 00
29 09
43 01
600 00
40 00
640 00
22 85
62 71
600 00
40 00
640 00
12 07
19 43
702 00
40 00
742 00
12 16
23 19
480 00
40 00
520 00
22 60
36 95
1,202 00
65 70
1,267 70
45 27 '
71 13
600 00
40 00
640 00
32 00
39 40
440 00
40 00
480 00
22 85
39 27
644 00
40 00
684 00
14 25
19 54
702 00
40 00
742 00
20 05
42 27
600 00
40 00
640 00
24 61
48 41
720 00
40 00
760 00
13 81
18 31
600 00
25 38
625 38
25 01
40 68
600 00
40 00
640 00
18 82
32 85
702 00
40 00
742 00
46 37
71 41
819 00
40 00
859 00
27 70
55 41
600 00
40 00
640 00
37 64
54 19
600 00
40 00
640 00
32 00
42 24
600 00
40 00
640 00
24 61
33 84
440 00
40 00
480 00
30 00
56 27
600 00
40 00
640 00
23 70
36 15
702 00
40 00
742 00
14 54
25 92
1,080 00
80 00
1,160 00
37 41
58 79
600 00
40 00
640 00
40 00
47 90
300 00
40 00
340 00
8 50
16 12
643 50
40 00
683 50
23 56
54 94
600 00
40 00
640 00
35 55
51 24
481 66
40 00
521 66
21 73
40 15
600 00
40 00
640 00
21 73
41 45
600 00
40 00
640 00
18 82
37 20
702 00
40 00
742 00
18 09
36 67
1,124 00
60 00
1,184 00
19 40
28 15
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
liii.
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
Continued.
School Districts.
Hat Creek	
Hatzic	
Hernando	
Highland	
Hope	
Hornby	
Howe Sound	
Huntingdon .     	
Illecillewaet	
Junction	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kensington	
Kettle River	
Lac la Hache 	
Ladner	
Lake .'	
Langley	
Langley, East	
Langley Prairie	
Lansdowne	
Lillooet	
Lillooet, South ..  	
Lochiel	
Lulu	
Lytton 	
Malahat	
Maple Bay	
Maple Ridge	
Mara	
Maria Slough	
Mayne Island	
McPherson (Cowichan)
Metchosin	
Mission	
Moody ville	
Mountain	
Mt. Lehman .  	
Mud Bay	
Nakusp 	
Nanaimo 	
Amount paid
for Teachers-
Salaries.
$300
572
400
600
660
600
600
600
650
600
2,271
819
702
600
702
702
1,142
702
600
600
600
702
702
600
600
644
702
000
600
1,164
702
480
600
COO
600
1,478
600
1,182
550
600
702
6,606
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
&c.
$40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
120 00
68 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
60 00
62 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
22 50
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
SO 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
100 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
$340 00
612 58
440 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
590 00
640 00
2,391 00
887 00
742 00
640 00
742 00
742 00
1,202 00
754 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
724 50
742 00
640 00
640 00
684 00
742 00
640 00
640 00
1,244 80
742 00
520 00
640 00
640 00
640 00
1,578 00
640 00
1,262 00
590 00
640 00
742 00
6,506 34
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
$24 28
34 03
36 66
30 47
17 07
32 00
25 60
29 09
36 87
24 01
14 23
8 95
21 20
24 61
15 45
74 20
12 78
18 85
18 28
23 70
26 66
42 61
26 50
25 60
29 09
13 95
22 48
20 64
23 70
14 99
67 07
34 66
32 00
25 60
33 68
16 26
17 29
11 57
13 72
25 60
20 61
Per capita
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
$34 94
61 68
59 06
60 49
26 95
50 63
57 24
53 60
60 69
43 71
25 27
18 36
36 39
49 72
30 94
78 02
22 21
38 52
32 42
55 03
41 47
56 64
40 83
33 64
44 63
38 02
34 02
44 01
52 71
22 70
81 18
59 90
43 59
46 34
53 37
30 00
29 72
23 42
24 50
39 40
35 46
grant.
 liv.
Public Schools Report.
1897
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
Continued.
School Districts.
Amount paid
for   Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent,
ha.
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
$600 00
600 00
600 00
1,335 12
600 00
6,714 54
702 00
671 80
100 00
600 00
600 00
440 00
2,334 00
702 00
146 66
600 00
702 00
618 42
702 00
702 00
150 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
600 00
577 42
480 00
525 80
643 50
600 00
644 00
644 00
600 00
702 00
432 25
433 87
819 00
600 00
819 00
522 58
600 00
600 00
$40 00
40 00
40 00
276 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
160 00
40 00
20 00
52 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
29 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
24 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 OO
$640 00
640 00
640 00
1,611 12
640 00
6,714 54
742 00
711 80
140 00
640 00
640 00
480 00
2,494 00
742 00
166 66
652 00
742 00
658 42
742 00
742 00
160 OO
640 00
742 00
640 00
629 00
617 42
5-20 00
565 80
683 50
640 00
684 00
684 00
640 00
742 00
472 25
473 87
859 00
624 00
859 00
562 58
640 00
640 00
$16 00
15 28
40 00
10 53
16 84
Per capita
28 53
41 87
14 00
26 66
14 22
18 46
13 12
39 05
13 88
13 58
26 50
43 89
26 50
37 10
15 00
14 54
41 22
30 47
25 16
38 58
27 36
26 94
28 47
32 00
15 20
13 95
29 09
11 59
21 46
19 74
39 04
41 60
11 15
43 27
53 33
19 39
$23 88
29 49
61 65
21 71
41 72
grant.
59 55
Nicola Valley (Low-er Nicola)	
60 42
15 73
48 44
23 57
North Bend	
Northfield	
31 12
24 77
69 28
Notch Hill	
18 37
18 97
47 50
65 31
56 90
57 12
17 06
Otter	
29 94
71 00
63 33
64 22
59 65
40 75
60 57
39 21
Port Kells	
52 28
32 66
IS 84
40 94
26 28
34 04
37 25
61 13
63 47
26 81
55 42
Rocky Point.    	
54 93
34 22
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lv.
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
Continued.
School Districts.
Rossland 	
Round Prairie	
Saanich, North ....
Saanich, South ...
Saanich, West	
Sahtlam	
Salmon Arm	
Salmon Arm, Upper
Sandon 	
Savona 	
Sea Island	
Serpentine	
Shawnigan 	
Short's Point	
Shuswap	
Sidney	
Silverdale	
Similkameen 	
Simpson	
Somenos  	
Sooke 	
Sooke, East	
Southfleld	
Spallumcheen  	
Spring Brook	
Squamish	
Stave River	
Steveston 	
Strawberry Vale ...
Sumas	
Sumas, South	
Sunbury	
Surrey Centre	
Three Forks	
Tolmie	
Trail	
Trenant 	
Union Mines	
Valdez Island	
Vancouver  	
Vancouver, East	
Vancouver, South ..,
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, including Rent.
&o.
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance.
$2,171 00
281 35
$2,452 35
$ 6 73
$13 84
702 00
40 00
742 00
29 68
53 22
702 00
40 00
742 00
15 14
33 57
720 00
40 00
760 00
22 35
34 76
702 00
40 00
742 00
26 50
51 34
480 00
480 00
26 66
66 53
702 00
40 00
742 00
14 26
26 45
117 00
408 06
40 00
448 06
9 95
22 11
600 00
40 00
640 00
40 00
70 56
945 80
60 00
1,005 80
11 69
21 22
600 00
40 00
640 00
23 70
59 25
600 00
40 00
640 00
25 60
43 77
486 66
40 00
526 66
43 88
69 02
702 00
40 00
742 00
43 64
72 60
702 00
40 00
742 00
16 48
30 34
600 00
40 00
640 00
27 82
56 88
702 00
40 00
742 00
37 10
61 98
702 00
40 00
742 00
28 53
43 77
000 00
40 00
640 00
27 82
40 94
600 00
40 00
640 00
26 06
45 91
500 00
40 00
540 00
25 71
67 20
600 00
40 00
640 00
10 06
19 21
702 00
40 00
742 00
25 58
41 45
550 00
40 00
590 00
34 70
48 72
600 00
40 00
640 00
40 00
55 84
120 00
20 00
140 00
7 36
7 97
600 00
40 00
640 00
10 66
27 98
600 00
40 00
640 00
15 60
31 31
600 00
40 00
640 00
29 09
51 28
600 00
40 00
640 00
26 66
47 12
200 00
40 00
240 00
15 00
29 77
600 00
40 00
640 00
21 33
48 48
600 00
40 00
640 00
29 09
61 77
1,662 00
80 00
1,742 00
16 28
26 38
1,178 66
80 00
1,268 66
7 91
17 72
702 00
40 00
742 00
14 54
30 13
2,654 00
160 00
2.814 00
12 56
18 67
600 00
40 00
640 90
45 71
64 51
17,722 68
17,722 68
Per capita
10 00
600 00
40 00
640 00
21 00
600 00
40 00
640 00
16 41
40 81
 Ivi.
Public Schools Report.
1897
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper during the year 1896-97.
Concluded.
School Districts.
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid
for Incidental
Expenses, including Rent
he.
Amount paid
for Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
pupil,  based on
average actual
laily attendance.
2,180 00
600 00
600 00
18,744 24
643 50
300 00
440 00
4,475 00
600 00
702 00
600 00
660 00
600 00
120 00
40 00
40 00
2,300 00
640 00
640 00
18,744 24
665 45
340 00
480 00
4,755 00
640 00
742 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
12 92
19 39
24 61
Per capita
26 61
26 15
26 66
10 09
20 00
21 20
15 23
19 44
30 47
21 49
39 48
33 86
grant.
68 18
36 36
21 95
40 00
40 00
280 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
Webster's Corners	
51 44
14 92
54'42
38 70
Yale	
48 12
39 52
61 30
Total	
$200,637 02
$10,157 28
$210,794 30
Education Office.
Salary of Superintendent of Education     	
Salary of Inspector of Schools	
Salary of Inspector of Schools	
Salary of Clerk   	
Expenses of Teachers' Examination :—
Examiners, Supervisors, and Travelling Expenses §1,005 00
Stationery, janitors, etc       189 23
Maps and Globes    	
Travelling expenses of Superintendent and Inspectors	
Stationery, hire of tables, chairs, &c, for examination of High Schools and Graded Schools .
High School Entrance Certificates	
Expenses of Olfice	
2,400 00
1,665 00
1,554 00
912 00
Amount paid for Teachers' Salaries	
Do. Incidental Expenses of Rural Schools, including Rent, &c      10,
1,284 23
763 00
1,018 20
169 80
83 00
166 25
10,016 08
200,637 02
10,157 28
Total cost of Education Proper.
. $220,810 38
 61 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
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