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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE YEAR… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1899

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 REPORT
op the
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
FOR  THE
YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER,
1898.
THE GOVERNMENTOF
THE PRDVINCE OF BRITISH CDLUMB1A
VICTORIA, B. C. :
Printed by   Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1899.  62 Vict. Public Works Report. 729
REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS,
1898.
To the Honourable Thomas R.   McInnes,  Lieutenant-Governor of the  Province of British
Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of my Department, in compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Act.
C. A. SEMLIN,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., December 31st, 1898.  62 Vict. Public Works Report. 731
REPORT.
South Victoria District.
W. H. Snider, Superintendent.
January.
Wilkinson's Cross Road.
Ditched 15 yards, 4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Made a new bridge over Colquitz River, 20 feet long, 17 feet wide, 5 feet high.
Filled in with rock on each end 10 feet, 15 feet wide, lv, feet deep.
Gravelled 23 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Burnside Road.
Made a new pipe culvert, 20 feet long, covered with gravel.
Prospect Lake Road.
Made a new pipe culvert, 20 feet long, covered with gravel.
February.
Gordon Head Road.
Cleared out trees and made general repairs.
Mount Tolmie Road.
Made a new pipe culvert.
Burnside Road.
Cut out trees and cleared out ditches.
Helmcken's Road.
Cleared out trees and ditches, and made general repairs.
Granville Avenue.
Ditched 25 yards.
Macadamized 25      n      10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Gravelled        25      ,,      11 „ 6 „
Grubbed out 2 stumps.
March.
Oak Bay Road.
Floored bridge near hotel with 3-inch plank, repaired hand-rail, and raked stones off road.
Saanich Road.
Made a large culvert, with a stone wall on each side, 26 feet long, 2 feet high, 3 feet
wide, covered with 5 inches split cedar and with macadam. 732 Public Works Report. 1898
April.
Granville Avenue.
Blasted and grubbed out stumps to make roadway full width.
Holland Avenue.
Made a new culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide.
Cleared ditches, cut out trees, and made general repairs.
May.
Granville Avenue.
Cut down hill 22 feet wide, 1 foot deep, 100 feet long; also filled in at  bottom of hill,
and gravelled 245 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Burnside Road.
Gravelled 450 yards, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep, and made general repairs.
Wilkinson's Cross Road.
Gravelled 1,050 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep, and made general repairs.
Prospect Lake Road.
Cleared out ditches, filled holes with gravel, and made general repairs.
Saanich Road.
Macadamized  110  yards,   10  feet wide,  6  inches  deep,   and  repaired   400  yards  with
macadam.
Kelvin Road.
Macadamized 85 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes with gravel, cleared out ditches, and made general repairs.
Duplin Road.
Macadamized 273 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made a new culvert, 40 feet long, 1 foot by 1 foot.
Covered macadam with clay, cleared out ditches, and made general repairs.
Tennyson Road.
Graded 340 yards, 20 feet wide.
Macadamized 315      n      10        n        6 inches deep.
Made a new culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot by 1 foot.
Cut down hill 60 yards long, 20 feet wide, 18 inches deep, and hauled into fill.
Irma Street.
Graded 316 yards, 20 feet wide.
Cut down hill 60 yards long, 2 feet deep, 20 feet wide, and made up fill.
Boleskin Road.
Repaired bridge and made general repairs.
Ardersier Road.
Macadamized 175 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Regraded road, cleared out ditches, and made general repairs. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 733
Burns Avenue.
Macadamized 147 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Stoned 95      „      10 „ 6
Repaired box culvert and made general repairs.
June,
Ardersier Road.
Forest cleared 160 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 160      „      20
Graded 160      „
Cut down hill   45      »     long, 20 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in hollow 50      „ 20        „ 2
Oak Street.
Forest cleared 170 yards, 30 feet wide.
Made 2 new culverts, one 42 feet long, 12x10 inches, one 20 feet long, 12x10 inches.
Roderick Street.
Grubbed 77 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    77      m      20
Whittier Avenue.
Grubbed 250 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded    250      „      25
Made a new culvert, 20 feet long, 12 x 12 inches.
Maple Street.
Grubbed 150 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    150      „      20        ,,
Pine Street.
Grubbed 80 yards, 20 feet wide.
Elk Lake Cross Road to Cordova Bay Road.
Forest cleared   440 yards, 30 feet wide.
Graded 440      „      18
Grubbed 440      „      18
Cribbed 200      „        4 feet high.
Excavated earth 25      h        4        n 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 30 10        „
Cordova Bay Road.
Forest cleared 10 feet on one side of road.
Grubbed and graded 2,100 yards long to widen road to 16 feet.
Cribbed 30 yards, 2 feet high.
Cut down hill 25 yards long, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 30 yards at cribbing, 2 feet wide.
Moved and put up fence for Mr. Brown. 734 Public Works Report. 1898
West Saanich Road.
Forest cleared 460 yards, 66 feet wide.
Grubbed 460      „      20
Graded 460      n      20        „
Cut down hill 110      n      long, 20 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 100     „ 20        „ 2        „
Made 3 new culverts, 22 feet long, 2| feet wide, 1 \ feet deep.
Cribbed 100 yards, 2 feet high.    This work was done to straighten the road.
Milton Street.
Graded 260 yards, 25 feet wide.
Made a new box culvert, 22 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep, and covered with gravel.
Byron Street.
Graded 230 yards, 25 feet wide.
Made a box culvert, 22 feet long, 1 foot deep, 2 feet wide, and covered with gravel.
Foul Bay Road.
Deepened and widened ditches, 600 yards long.
Raked loose rocks off road.
July.
Sinclair's Cross Road.
Cutting down hill 115 yards, 14 feet wide, 3J feet deep.
Filled in 125     n     16        „ 3
Made a new pipe culvert, 20 feet long, and made general repairs.
June and July.
Lake Hill Avenue.
Macadamized 1,898 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made a new stone culvert,    \\       n 1 foot deep.
Covered macadam with clay to bind it.
Blasted out and crushed 503 yards of rock, which was used on roadway.
Cut down 2 hills, 45 feet wide, 1 foot deep, 336 feet long.
Made fill, 45 i, 3 feet deep, 210
Built a wall on each side of fill, 162 feet long, 5 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Made a box culvert, 20 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cadboro Bay Road.
Graded 210 yards, 24 feet wide.
u 540      ti     from 4 to 5 feet wide, to straighten and widen road.
Gravelled 1,180      n      10 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
Made a new box culvert, 24 feet long, 1 foot by 1 foot.
ii culvert, 24        n 3J feet wide, 1 foot deep, and made general repairs.
July.
Cadboro Bay.
Made large flume, 109 feet long, 4 feet by 4 feet, built in with rock, and flood-gate at end
adjoining the sea.
Finnerty's Road.
Gravelled 425 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 735
Mount Tolmie Cross Road.
Gravelled 85 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs.
June.
Glanford Avenue.
Stoned 100 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Macadamized 1,200      >,      10        „ 6
Made 2 new culverts, 20 feet long, and made general repairs.
June and July.
Harrison's Extension.
Forest cleared 600 yards, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed 600      .,      20
Graded 600      „      20        „
Widened East Saanich Road, 50 yards long, 8 feet wide, and moved fence.
Made a large culvert, 20 feet long.
Martindale's Cross Road.
Grubbed 300 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    300      „      20
Cribbed and cut down hill at East Saanich Road.
July.
McKenzie's Cross Road.
Graded      250 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 110      n      10 n 8 inches deep.
Carey's Road.
Gravelled 450 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Made general repairs.
Elk Lake Cross Road (from East Saanich Road to West Saanich Road).
Grubbed    1,000 yards, 14 feet wide.
Graded      1,200      „      14
Ditched       260      ,,
Gravelled       34      n        9 n 9 inches deep.
Made a new culvert, 14 feet long.
Elk Lake and Cordova Bay Roads.
Forest cleared, grubbed, and graded 620 yards, 16 feet wide.
Made 2 new culverts.
Filled holes and made general repairs for 3 miles.
Tolmie Avenue.
Macadamized 564 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made a new culvert, 21 feet long.
Covered the macadam with clay, and made general repairs.
West Saanich Road.
Gravelled 380 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cleared loose stones off road, and made general repairs. Alder Street.
Grubbed 120 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded      50      „      25
Ditched   120      „        3        „
Made a new culvert, 20 feet long.
July and August.
West Saanich Road.
Widening road, 150 yards long, 4 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Ditched 100 yards.
Cut down Black's hill, 60 yards long, 25 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Gravelled 220 n 12 m 6 inches deep.
Filled in 70 n 25 >■ 1J feet deep.
Made general repairs.
South Saanich Cross Road.
Re-graded 430 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled   207      n      12 n 8 inches deep.
Made a new culvert, 24 feet long, 1 foot by 1 foot.
Gravelled 810 yards, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Aug
Telegraph Bay Road.
Grubbed   290 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded     290      „      20
Gravelled 115      n      10        n        9 inches deep.
Mitchell's Cross Road.
Forest cleared 275 yards, 32 feet wide.
Removed logs and partly grubbed.
Whittier Avenue.
Grubbed 110 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded    110      .,      25
Made a new box culvert, 30 feet long.
Chandler's Cross Road.
Deepened 137 yards of ditch to carry water from culvert.
Stoned        80      n    10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Gravelled   80      n    12        „ 6 „
Made general repairs.
Theodore Avenue.
Graded   390 yards, 25 feet wide.
Filled in   25      „      25 „ 2 feet deep.
Repaired sidewalk.
Deepened water-course 1 foot, from Saanich Road to city boundary.
Widened water-course 2 feet, 460 yards long.
Repaired sidewalk on Saanich Road. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 737
Wilkinson's Cross Road.
Deepened ditch 1|- feet, 125 yards long, 3 feet wide.
Repaired large stone culvert.
Trimmed up gravel and made general repairs.
Cross Road (from old Saanich Road to school-house on West Saanich Road).
Forest cleared 2,000 yards, 25 feet wide.
McHugh Road.
Repaired bridge.
Filled holes and made general repairs.
Prospect Lake Road (from West Saanich Road to lake).
Made general repairs.
North Victoria District.
North Saanich School House.
W. M. Ross, Contractor, $800.00
Furnished everything necessary and built a school house in conformity with the plan for
Ward Schools : containing one large school room, two cloak and hat rooms, enclosed
with rustic siding, lathed, plastered and hard finished, wainscotted all round over
mortar coat, floors doubled and sound-deadened, furnished with seats, desks, and other
usual requisites.
West Road.
North Saanich.
Henry Hooton, Foreman
Cribbed bridge on Mount Newton, 10 feet high, 18 feet wide, and 20 feet long; filled in
same.
Breed's Cross Road.
Made a culvert 18 feet long, 1 foot high, 1 foot wide.
Made a culvert 18 feet long, 1 foot high, 1J feet wide.
Cleaned out ditches.
School House, Cross Road.
Graded 400 yards, 30 feet wide.
Wain's Cross Road.
Graded 100 yards, 18 feet wide.
Made a culvert, 18 feet long, 1 foot high, 1 foot wide.
Widened road by taking points off rock.
Made a culvert 18 feet long, 1   foot high, 1^ feet wide.
i, 24        „ 1£       n 11        i,
Cut brush on side of road and cleaned out ditches.
Ross' Road.
Made new road, 435 yards long, 8 feet wide. 738 Public Works Report. 1898
May.
Sturdy Road.
Galiano Island.
James Warnock, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 2,500 yards, 30 feet wide.
Graded 2,500      ,,
Ditched 100      n
Filled in 50     n
Built a bridge, 14 feet by 12 feet.
This road is graded for H miles and fit for traffic, leaving 600 yards for completion.
Pender Island.
Evan Hoosen, Foreman.
Main Road.
Forest cleared, 940 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 660      n      12
Gravelled 140      „      10
Made 6 culverts, 14 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot, and general repairs.
Otter Bay Road.
Forest cleared, 1,200 yards, 12 feet wide.
Clam Bay Road.
Gravelled 60 yards, 12 feet wide.
Re-gravelled 500 yards, 12 feet wide.
Wharves  Built and Repaired by Alfred Raynes.
Galiano Island Wharf.
Built new wharf at Sturdy's Bay, 100 feet long, extension 30 by 60 feet, well braced and
fastened.
Fulford Harbour.
Drove 18 bearing piles.
6 fenders.
4 braces.
Burgoyne Bay Wharf.
Replaced 1 broken fender.
Saturna Island Wharf.
Drove 4 bearing piles.
6 fenders.
2 braces. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 739
Salt Spring Island.
Joseph Nightingale, Foreman.
North End Roads.
Forest cleared, 600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 200      .,      12
Graded 450      n      12
Gravelled 300      n        8       n 5 inches deep.
Excavated earth, 50 square yards.
ii rock,   75 n
Ditched 200 yards, 2 feet wide, 2| feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet wide by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Cut down trees from sides of road, removed stumps in various places to widen roads, and
made general repairs.
Central Settlement Roads.
Graded     600 yards, 14 feet wide.
Gravelled 500      n        8       n 6   inches deep.
Ditched    500      n        2       n 1J feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet wide by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Mountain Roads (including Beddis Road).
Graded      1,500 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled     475      „        8       n 5 inches deep.
Made 5 culverts, 16 feet wide by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Removed windfalls, took out stumps from sides of road, and made general repairs.
Burgoyne Bay Roads.
Forest cleared, 200 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed 200      „      14       ..
Graded 400      i,      14       „
Ditched 150      n        2       m 1J feet deep.
Gravelled 800      n 8       n by 5 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
Isabella Point Roads.
Forest cleared, 400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 400      „      12
Graded 1,700      i,      12
Gravelled 150      it        8       n 5 inches deep.
Made 2 bridges, 15 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Made a culvert, 15   n    by   3    n   by 2    n
Beaver Point Road.
Graded        600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched       250      „        2       ,, by 11 feet deep.
Gravelled 1,000      m        8       n by 5 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 15 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Cleaned out the outlet of Fisher's Lake to keep the water from overflowing roads.
Put in 12 new posts in Fulford Harbour Bridge, and made general repairs. Mayne Island.
Wm. Deacon, Foreman.
Robson's Road.
Gravelled 230 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned ditches and filled ruts, and made general repairs.
Village Bay.
Gravelled 350 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled ruts and made general repairs.
Point Comfort.
Graded 250 yards, 10 feet wide.
Filled up ruts and made general repairs.
Main Road.
Grubbed   200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded     250      ,.     10
Gravelled 400      n     10       n 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches, filled ruts and made general repairs.
Esquimalt District.
 o	
A. H. Peatt, Superintendent.
January.
Shirley P.  O. Road.
Made 900 yards new road, 8 feet wide; 4 culverts, 4 feet x 12 feet; put in 30 yards corduroy, 10 feet wide.
Victoria West, Esquimalt Road.
Blasted out 30 yards rock ; laid 24 feet new sidewalk, 4 feet wide.
Belmont Road.
Re-formed  120 yards, 12 feet wide; cribbed up 43 yards, 1 foot to 2 feet high, filled in
with rock and gravel; put in two cedar culverts, 3 feet wide, 14 feet long.
Rocky Point Road.
Filled up a wash-out; cleaned out overflowing ditches ; put in a new cedar culvert, 4
feet x 16 feet; cut out fallen timber to the landing at Rocky Point,
February.
Esquimalt.
Made a new landing at Esquimalt, 18 feet x 30 feet; 8 large cedar logs, ring bolts and
heavy wrought iron hinges.
Put in new approach, 8 feet wide, 18 feet long with pile bent; swinging gangway, 6 feet
wide, 32 feet long, with protection rail.
Repaired sidewalk, and put up 360 feet protection rail. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 741
Metchosin Road.
Put in 2 cedar culverts, 4 feet x 20 feet; filled up ruts and holes with gravel; 1 pipe
culvert, 18 feet long.
Otter Point Extension.
Cleared out several land slides near Coal Creek ; patched up holes ; put in 30 feet of
corduroy, and cut out roots between Campbell's and the Otter Point Road.
Happy Valley Road.
Put in 3 new cedar culverts, 4 feet x 18 feet.
Victoria West, Lampson Street.
Filled up all ruts and holes with broken rock and gravel ; put in two 10-inch pipe culverts,
20 feet long.
Florence Street.
Made a new plank culvert, 6 feet wide x 14 feet long; cut out fallen timber.
Head Street.
Filled up all ruts and holes with broken rock and gravel.
Old Esquimalt Road.
Filled up all holes with broken rock and gravel.
MlLLSTREAM   ROAD.
Put in 1 cedar culvert; blasted 3 yards of rock out of ditch.
May.
Explored for a trail to San Juan, and laid out road work.
June.
Scaife's Road.
Re-formed 366 yards, 14 feet wide ; brushed out both sides of road between Dumbleton's
and Scaife's ; put in 1 cedar culvert, 4 feet x 16 feet.
Stewart's Road.
Cribbed up 20 yards, 1 foot to 3 feet high ; filled in; made new road, 40 yards, 10 feet
wide.
Metchosin Cross Roads.
Cut out roots; took out rocks, and filled up holes.
First Street.
Grubbed, graded and ditched 178 yards, 30 feet wide.
Put in 3 pipe culverts, one 27 feet, one 32 feet, one 14 feet long.
June and July.
Bilston Bridge, Metchosin.
Built a new bridge, 175 feet long, 16 feet wide ; truss span, 54 feet; filled up approaches
4 feet high, 26 yards long, and gravelled 12 feet wide. 742 Public Works Report. 1898
Sooke Road.
Made a new road to avoid several bad hills, 963 yards, 16 feet wide; re-formed 40 yards,
16 feet wide; 476 yards of cribbing, 2 feet high; 150 yards, 3 feet to 4 feet high;
blasted 530 cubic yards of rock ; filled in 225 yards of earth and gravel; gravelled 250
yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; put up 310 yards of protection rail along the creek ;
built 1 bridge 21 feet long, 12 feet wide, covered with split cedar; cribbed up the approaches 40 feet on each side of bridge, 1 foot to 4 feet high ; 1 bridge, 10 feet long x
12 feet wide, covered with split cedar; put in 8 cedar culverts, 4 feet x 18 feet long;
cleared out Grant's millstream J of a mile of all jams and fallen timber to prevent the
road from overflowing and washing away.
Kemp's Road.
Made new road to the beach, 2,758 yards, 9 feet wide ; corduroyed 133 yards, 12 feet
wide ; made 3 bridges, one 12 feet x 12 feet wide ; one 258 feet x 12 feet; one 10 feet
x 12 feet, all covered with split cedar; gravelled 197 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep ;
cribbed up 26 yards, 1 foot high ; filled 22 yards ; made 7 cedar culverts, 4 feet x 12 feet.
Otter Point Extension.
Corduroyed 116 yards, 12 feet wide; gravelled 140 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
re-formed 254 yards ; filled 75 yards ; made 353 yards new road to avoid bad hills ; cut
down 2 hills, 1 to 7 feet deep ; filled up bottom ; wasted, 143 yards ; cribbed up 85
yards, 2 J feet to 7 feet high ; put in 3 cedar culverts, 4 feet x 12 feet.
Victoria West, Florence Street.
Grubbed, graded and formed 246 yards, 20 feet wide ; put in one culvert, 7 feet x 20 feet;
put in 100 yards of filling; ditched 84 yards, 2 feet x 2 feet deep.
Fraser Street.
Gravelled 226 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep; replanked bridge, 21 feet x 40 feet;
repaired supports and sills.
Sooke Road.
Re-formed and widened out 1,364 yards ; cut down 2 small hills and filled up bottom ;
gravelled 163 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Millstream Road.
Made new road, 78 yards, 12 feet wide; cut down crown of hill 2 feet; re-formed and
cribbed up 28 yards, 2 feet high, 12 feet wide; re-formed 173 yards, 12 feet wide;
gravelled 173 yards, 10 feet wide ; made 1 cedar culvert, 4 feet x 12 feet.
July.
Otter Point Road.
Re-formed 263 yards, 16 feet wide; gravelled 577 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
ditched 500 yards.
Rountree's Road.
Made 500 yards new road, 8 feet wide.
Dumbleton's Road.
Re-formed 90 yards ; put in one cedar culvert
Neild's Road.
Made 900 yards new road 8 feet wide. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 743
Stribbling's  Road.
Re-formed 4 mile, 10 feet wide.
Constance Avenue.
Grubbed, graded and ditched 276 yards, 30 feet wide ; put in 2 pipe culverts, one 27 feet;
one 14 feet long.
Gordon's Road, Otter Point.
Made 220 yards new road, 9 feet wide ; re-formed 225 yards, 9 feet wide ; made 4 cedar
culverts, 4 feet x 12 feet.
Lampson Street.
Gravelled 452 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
July.
Beecher Bay Road.
Formed and graded 328 yards new road, 16 feet wide, to avoid hill; built one bridge, 24
feet long x 12 feet wide covered with split cedar ; cribbed up 40 yards, 1 foot to 3 feet
high, and filled in approaches; re-formed 806 yards, 12 feet wide; ditched 70 yards;
gravelled 77 yards, 8 feet wide; put in 6 culverts, 4 feet x 14 feet long; repaired
bridges and culverts.
Goldstream Cross Road.
Filled up ruts and holes ; cut out timber; put in 1 cedar culvert, 4 feet x 14 feet wide
Metchosin Road.
Re-planked Pears' bridge, 140 feet x 16 feet wide.
August.
Lyal Street.
Filled up all ruts and holes and cleaned ditches.
Smith Street.
Gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
Gore Street.
Grubbed and graded 130 yards, 40 feet wide ; gravelled with 12 inches gravel, 12 feet wide.
Head Street.
Filled up all ruts and holes; put up protection rail on sidewalk ; cleaned out ditches.
Re-planked Parson's Bridge with 3-inch plank, and repaired hand-rail.
September.
Rocky Point Road.
Made 1 large culvert, 6 feet wide x 18 feet long ; cribbed up and filled in; made 3 new
cedar culverts, 4 feet x 12 feet long ; gravelled 28 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ;
cut out brush and fallen timber; cleaned out ditches near Reid's.
Otter Point Road.
Made 100 yards new road, 16 feet wide, to avoid re-building burnt out bridge; made 1
cedar culvert, 4 feet x 18 feet, and 1 small bridge 20 feet long x 12 feet wide, covered
with split cedar. 744 Public Works Report. 1898
Hewitt's Road.
Repaired burnt out cribbing and replaced bridge, 26 feet x 12 feet, covered with split cedar.
Sooke Road.
Repaired burnt out cribbing, and put in 2 culverts, 4 feet x 18 feet ; cut out fallen timber after the fire; re-formed 261 yards; cleaned out ditches near Robt. Muir's ; put in
4 long cedar culverts, 4 feet wide.
Bruley's Road.
Re-formed 455 yards, 8 feet wide; put in 1 cedar culvert; repaired bridge; cut fallen
timber out of the Sooke River, to prevent forming a jam at Sooke Bridge.
Phillips' Road.
Cut down hill ; filled up holes, and cut out brush and logs; put in 1 large culvert; made
general repairs between Sooke road and Shields'.
Albert Head Bridge.
Built 1 bridge, 76 feet long, 14 feet wide, 17 feet high, with 4 bents; filled in approaches ;
112 yards filling.
October and November.
Goldstream Road, Near E. and N. Crossing.
Grubbed and graded 1,230 yards, 24 feet wide, crowned 1J feet high ; gravelled all through ;
cut down one hill 1\ feet deep, 40 yards long.
Near Langford Lake.
Grubbed and graded 800 yards, 20 feet wide; gravelled throughout; cut down 3 hills ;
No. 1, cut down 6 feet, 31 yards long, 20 feet wide; No. 2, cut down 3| feet, 75 yards
long, 20 feet wide; No. 3, cut down 2J- feet deep, 30 yards long; filled up 312 yards
long, 2 feet to 4 feet deep, 20 feet wide; graded and gravelled 190 yards, 17 feet wide;
put in 5 cedar culverts, 4 feet x 18 feet long.
November.
Sooke Road.
Replaced 2 burnt out culverts; repaired cribbing, 1 small bridge; cut out a lot of fallen
timber.
Millstream Road.
Let off all standing water ; filled ruts and holes ; repaired 2 bridges.
Esquimalt Road.
Picked up 337 yards, 12 feet wide; covered it with broken metal; gravelled 8 inches deep,
15 feet wide; put broken rock on 59 yards, 12 feet wide.
Scaife's Road.
Re-planked bridge, 50 feet long, 16 feet wide, with 3-inch plank.
Metchosin Road Near Colwood.
Re-formed, grubbed and graded  100 yards,  22 feet wide;   crowned 1  foot; gravelled
throughout.
Inspected all bridges throughout district. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 745
January.
Port Renfrew.
B. H. Kirkpatrick, Foreman.
Cleared out logs that had lodged on wharf and damaged piles.
Cleared channel in river.
June.
Wharf Road.
Lewis Kirkpatrick, Foreman.
Corduroyed road and made general repairs.
Granite Creek.
C. Blackstaff, Foreman.
Improved -J mile of trail.
July.
Gordon River Road.
James Grierson, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 957 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 957      „        8
Graded 957      n        8
Built 5 bridges, 20 feet long, 10 feet wide.
A heavy amount of cribbing and earth excavation on above road.
August.
Widened 144 yards of road left unfinished last year.
June.
Forest cleared, 190 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 190     „        8
Graded 190      „        8
Built a bridge, 20 feet x 10 feet.
Road is now completed from Deakin's to wharf.
Cowichan-Alberni District.
 o	
Cowichan Division.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (North of Cowichan River).
Contracts 1 to 9 for general repairs :—
No. 1.—James Evans, Contractor, $29 00.
Gravelled 164 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 746 Public Works Report. 1898
No. 2.—James Evans, Contractor, $85.00.
Cleaned out ditches, filled holes and ruts with earth, and gravelled 440 yards, 9 feet wide,
6 inches deep.
No. 3.—James Evans, Contractor, $18.00.
Cleaned out ditches, filled hole near Holmesdale Mill Gate, and gravelled 122 yards, 9
feet wide, 6 inches deep.
No. 4.—G. A. Kier, Contractor, $64.00.
Cleaned out ditches, re-graded road 18 feet wide, and gravelled 246 yards, 9 feet wide, 6
inches deep.
No. 5.—A. W. Evans, Contractor,  $135.00.
Constructed the following bridges near the Chemainus River :—
(a) A bridge 29 feet in length, 14 feet wide,  resting at each end on cedar cribwork.
(b) A bridge 18 feet in length, resting at each end on cedar cribwork.
(c) A bridge 20 feet in length, resting at each end on cedar cribwork.
Each of the last named three bridges has 4 stringers 12 inches x 14 inches, is covered
with 3-inch sawn fir plank, and has a hand-rail 3 feet high.
No. 6.—A. W. Evans, Contractor, $78.00.
Constructed a bridge 50 feet in length, resting at each end on a cedar mudsill.
No. 7.—A. W. Evans, Contractor, $86.00.
Constructed a bridge over Hall's Creek, 56 feet in length, having 2 bents forming 3 equal
spans of 18 feet 8 inches, resting on a cedar mud-sill at the north end, and at the south
end on cedar cribwork.
No. 8.—Mark Green, Contractor, $38.00.
Gravelled 194 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches and repaired holes and ruts with gravel.
No. 9.—Mark Green, Contractor, $48.00.
Gravelled 163 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made a culvert, 18 feet x 2 feet x 1 foot.
Ditched 21 feet, 2 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
Repaired holes and ruts, with gravel, from Stratford's Crossing to Mr. T. H. Davie's.
Bridge Party.
W. J. Shearing, Foreman.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (South of Cowichan River).
February—Cleared away two large uprooted trees from bridge at Corfield's Slough.
March, April—Removed fallen timber.
May—Filled holes and repaired damage by floods.
June—Forest cleared, 500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 500      „      12
Gravelled 250      n      10       n 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 732      n      6 to 8 feet wide, 4 to 6 inches deep.
July—Graded   50 yards.
Excavated      20     n      15 feet wide, 2| feet deep.
Filled in 25      n      12       n .2 n
Gravelled     207      n      10       n 4 to 6 inches deep.
Put 4 new stringers in Clem-clem-a-lutz bridge, 10 inches x 14 inches x 42 feet long.
Drove 3 piles in bridge over Corfield's Creek.
August—Raised 125 yards 15 inches high, and topped same with broken rock.
September—Raised end of bridge near Clem-clem-a-lutz  8 inches ; re-constructed 1   bent
of 3 posts and cap, filled in approach and put in  2  loads of rock to prevent washing ;
repaired covering of Clem-clem-a-lutz bridge, putting in 13 new planks. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 747
Cowichan River Protection Works.
August—Laid in brush and sloped off 185 yards of river bank, and rip-rapped the same
with rock.
Flats, Koksilah Road.
September—Repaired covering of bridges ; put walings on piles at east end of Koksilah
bridge ; repaired hand-rail and put in swifter boom.
Waggon Bridge over Cowichan River Slough near Duncan.
October, November—Erected a Queen Truss bridge, 80 feet in length, 14 feet wide, resting
on pile bents at either end; bridge has 4 stringers of hewn red fir, 11 inches by 16
inches, and 10 inches by 12 inches ; the trusses and needle beams are of sawn lumber,
10 inches by 12 inches. The bridge is floored with sawn plank, 12 inches by 3 inches,
and has a hand-rail of sawn lumber 3 feet high. Approaches to the bridge are well
laid with gravel.
: A " Road Party.
R. J. Manley, Foreman.
Wilkinson's Road.
January—Graded 55 yards.
Gravelled 55      n
August—Repaired hand-rail at end of Mill Creek bridge and extended same at each end
of bridge to act as guard-rail.
Chapman's and Station Road.
February—Removed fallen timber.
August—Forest cleared, 220 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 160     „      10       i,
Ditched 80      „
Excavated earth 53      n      10       m 6 feet deep.
Filled in 66      „      12       „ 3       „
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet x 2 feet x 18 inches.
Shawnigan Lake Road.
March, April—Removed fallen timber.
June—Graded   70 yards, 12 feet wide.
Cribbed 80      ,.      10 feet high.
Filled in        160      n        8 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled      200      „
July—Grubbed    60 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 200      „      10
Excavated      100
Filled in 60
Gravelled       860      ,
Made 2 culverts.
August—Graded 170 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
Re-placed on crib, 120 feet of hand-rail.
ii ii   bridge, 140 feet of hand-rail.
Sheppard's Road.
July—Ditched 120 yards.
2
2 feet deep.
2
3
8
4 inches deep. 4 feet high.
10 feet wide, 18 inches deep.
8       „ 4
Mill Bay Road.
July—Graded 200 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled     770      „        8
Made 1 culvert.
August—Forest cleared, 500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 230 "   „      10
Ditched 350      ■■
Gravelled 860      n        9      n 6 inches deep.
Re-covered a bridge and repaired hand-rail, 50 feet long.
Old Telegraph Road.
August—Forest cleared, 400 yards, 20 feet wide.
Re-graded 170
Re-ditched 890
Cribbed 30
Filled in 40
Gravelled 600
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 12 feet wide.
Re-planked 2 bridges, 70 feet long, 12 feet wide.
Cameron and Taggart Road.
August—Forest cleared, 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
September—Repaired road and removed fallen timber therefrom.
Hopkin's Cross Road.
August—Forest cleared, 100 yards, 10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
Fischer's Road.
August—Removed fallen timber and stones from road;  repaired and filled ruts.
Peterson's and Lafortune's Road.
August—Removed fallen timber.
Nightingale's Cross Road.
August—Forest cleared, 250 yards, 20 feet wide.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Silver Mine Road.
September—Built 1 bridge, 22 feet x 12 feet.
September and November—Removed fallen timber off the road after forest fire.
: A "  Sub-Road Party.
E. Burnham, Foreman.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
dune—Forest cleared, 500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Re-graded
500
■      12
Gravelled
250      i
10
6 inches deep.
July—Graded
50      i
16
Excavated earth
20      ,
,     15
2J feet deep.
Filled in
25      ,
,      12
2
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet x 18 inches x 8 inches. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 749
August—Forest cleared, 160 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
160      ,
18
Graded
160
,     18       „
Ditched
160     i
Excavated earth
225     ,
2 feet deep.
Filled in
25     i
2
Gravelled
200     ,
10 feet wide, 6 inches deep
Made 2 culverts, 18 feet x 5 feet x 2^ feet.
Built 2 bridges, 15 feet x 11J feet x 4J feet.
September—Removed fallen timber and cleared road for traffic.
: O "   Road Party.
J. C. McLay, Foreman.
Indian Road.
March—Grubbed    75 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 75      n      12       n
Filled in 20      ,i      12       „ 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 100      n        9      n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert.
April—Excavated   24 yards, 12 feet wide,   1 foot deep.
Filled in 14      n      12 „ 1
Gravelled 125      n        9        n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert.
Widened out 80 yards of side hill, 2 feet to 5 feet high.
June—Grubbed     350      h      12        n
Graded 350      „      12        ,,
August—Ditched   460      h        1 n 1J feet deep.
Excavated earth   20      m      12        n 1 foot deep.
Filled in 25      „      12        „ 1
Made 6 culverts, 16 feet x 1 foot x 1 foot.
Rounded up 600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Repaired holes and ruts, on 1 mile of road, with gravel.
Vaux's Road.
June—Forest cleared,   75 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 225      „      10
Graded 225      „      10
Ditched 120      „        1
Water's Road.
June—Grubbed 75 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 75'    „      10
Made 1 culvert, 36 feet long.
July—Forest cleared, 150 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 150     „      11 „
Graded 150      „      11
Made 2 culverts.
Rowe's Road.
June—Grubbed 200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 200      „      10
Ditched 200      „        1 „
Made 1 culvert.
Extension of Leakey's Road.
July—Grubbed and graded 200 yards, 8 feet wide.
August— Grubbed 450      n      8 n
Graded 450      „      8 „ Cowichan River Road.
August—Filled in 115 yards, 16 feet wide, 2J feet deep.
Gravelled 75      n        9 i> 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet x 6 inches x 6 inches.
Cleared out windfalls and repaired culverts.
Marshall's Road.
July—Grubbed 150 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 150     n      10
Excavated        30      m      10        n 2   feet deep.
Filled in 40     „      10        „ 1|
" D " Road Party (East Section).
Alex. Reid, Foreman.
Beach Road.
January—Cribbed 8 yards, 7 feet deep.
Filled in 8      m      3 feet wide, 7 feet deep.
Filled in washouts with brush, clay and gravel,   180 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
June—Cribbed 25 yards, 8 feet deep.
Filled in        25      n •    8        n 4 feet wide.
Made 60 yards mattress, 2 feet x 3 feet x 9 feet.
Made 20      n n 6       n     3       ii     9    ii     j   rip-rapped with rock.
Gravelled 208 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Bear Valley Road.
January—Filled in washouts with gravel.
June—Graded 160 yards, 14 feet wide.
Excavated       30      n      14 n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 30      „      14        „ 2
Gravelled      330      n        8 h 4        n
Blasted out 20 stumps.
Old School House Road.
June—Gravelled 486 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Lakeside Road.
June—Excavated   20 yards, 14 feet wide, \\ feet deep.
Filled in 20      ,,      14        „ 1J
Gravelled 486      n        9 m 4 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 18 feet x 10 feet x 4 feet.
Old Koksilah Road.
Jidy—Cribbed 20 yards,   2 feet deep.
Filled in 20      n        2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 140      n        9 n 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts.
Forest cleared 1,600      ,.      12 „
Filled in 20      n        8        ■■ 8 „
Made 2 culverts, 18 feet x 2 feet x 1 foot.
August—Forest cleared, 110 yards, 50 feet wide.
Grubbed 110      „      40        ,,
Excavated earth 60      n      27 "i 7 feet deep.
Filled in 120      „      20        ., 3
September—Erected 120 yards wire fencing, posts 16 feet apart; to replace fence moved
in diverting road. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 751
Bench Road.
July—Gravelled 268 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
" D " Road Party (West Section).
J. McPherson, Foreman.
October 1897 to May 1898—Repaired culverts and cut out fallen timber on several roads;
repaired bridge on McKenelley and Doupe's road.
Riverside Road.
June—Forest cleared, 1,500 yards,   8 feet wide.
Grubbed
300
,      11
Graded
300
,      11
Cleaned out
600      ,
of ditch.
Made 3 culverts.
Repaired 2 bridges.
Flats, Koksilah Road.
January—Cleared out logs, and repaired damage done by floods.
Replaced sheer boom at Koksilah bridge.
June—Stoned   15 yards, 3 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Gravelled     180      n     9        n 5 inches deep.
Mountain Road.
June—Forest cleared, 500 yards, 8 feet wide.
Excavated 28      n      8 n 1 foot deep.
Re-built 1 bridge, 44 feet x 14 feet x 9 feet.
Old Koksilah Road.
July—Forest cleared, 1,600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet x 2 feet x 1 foot.
Cut out snags and overhanging trees, from  Koksilah  River Bridge to New Mountain
Road.
Repaired bridge covering, putting in 28  new planks, erecting railing 70 feet long, at
high crib, near bridge.
August—Filled in   90 yards, 1 to 2 feet wide, 9 inches deep.
Gravelled 370      „ 9 „ 5 „
Made 1 culvert,  18 feet x 3 feet x 1 foot.
Repaired 2 bridges.
Rounded up and cleaned out ditches, 370 yards, 16 feet wide.
Repaired ruts and holes with gravel, 2| miles in length.
Repaired Tarlton's hill to keep water from flowing across the road.
New Mountain Road.
August—Corduroyed     6 yards, 14 feet wide.
Excavated rock       140      n      14 n 10 inches deep.
Filled in 105     „      14        „ 15
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet x 3 feet x 1 foot.
Cut out several roots, and cleared loose rocks off the road.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (North of Cowichan River).
'H" Road Party.
N. W. Campbell, Acting Foreman.
January—Repaired with gravel, holes near water tank, Chemainus, and from Hall's Crossing to Chemainus.
February—Repaired bridge near Lloyd's, and 1 culvert.
Made 1 culvert.
March—General repairs with gravel from Lloyd's to Chemainus. :L" Road Party.
H. E. Evans, Acting Foreman.
May—Filled holes and repaired damage by floods.
June—Macadamized 135 yards of road, 9 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
July—Gravelled 175 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 to 6 inches deep.
■' J " Road Party (East Section).
P. Auchinachie, Foreman.
Duncan-Sahtlam Road.
June—Grubbed 1,600 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded            1,600      n
10
Corduroyed
12     .,
14        „
Cribbed
84     „
2 feet high.
Excavated          108      n
10 feet wide.
Filled in
76     „
10        ii         3 feet deep.
Made 4 culverts.
July—Forest cleared, 582 yards, 16    feet wide.
Grubbed
582
ii      10
Graded
582
n      10
Corduroyed
9
„      16
Cribbed
60
ii        1J feet high.
Excavated
37
ii      10   feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in
54
„      10          n         2
Made 1 culvert.
>wichan Lake Road
July—Forest cleared, 82 van
Is, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
82      „
16
Graded
82     „
16
Cribbed
33     „
1J feet high.
Excavated
21      „
12    feet wide, 2    feet deep.
Filled in
16     „
16          „          11        ii
Gravelled
35     „
10          n          8   inches deep.
Raised 1 bridge,
80 feet long, 1A feet.
August—Forest cleared, 441
yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
441
ii      12        ,i
Graded
441
ii      12
Excavated
48
ii      12        ii         11 feet deep.
Filled in
31
ii      12         it          2           ii
Gravelled
52
ii        8        ii          6   inches deep
Made 1 culvert.
Sahtlam River Road.
July—Forest cleared, 470 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 470      „      10
Graded 470      „      10
Made 2 culverts.
' Road Party (West Section).
A. O. Blyth, Foreman.
September—Forest cleared, 450 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 200      „      16
Graded 175      „      10
Cut out and cleared away about 200 trees, and generally repaired damage done by
forest fires.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 16 feet x 3 feet x 1J feet.
Built 4 bridges, averaging 13 feet x 5 feet x 16 feet long.
November—Cut out about 530 dangerous trees, and cleared from road 75 trees. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 753
"M" Road Party.
C. Bayly, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake, South Shore Road.
January—Cleared out wind-falls.
June—Grubbed 1,200 yards, 6 to 8 feet wide.
Graded
585      „
6 to 8
A ugust—Graded
1,000      „
7
September—Graded
682      „
7
" N" Road Party.
James Abernethy, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake, North Shore Road.
June—Forest cleared, 83 yards, 20 feet wide.
Cleaned out 590 yards of ditches.
Repaired 58 yards, 8 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert.
July—Excavated   43 yards, 12 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 37      n      12        n 2
Gravelled 232      n        8        n 4 inches deep.
Repaired 140      n        8 n with gravel.
Cleaned out 245 yards of ditches.
August—Graded        145 yards, 12 feet wide.
Excavated earth      55      u      12 m 3 feet deep.
Filled in 114      „      12        „ 2
Gravelled 45      n        8        n 4 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet x 15 feet x 3\ feet.
Re-graded        18 yards of road, 2 feet wide.
Repaired    2,625 n 7        n
Mt. Sicker Mines Road Party.
R. E. Barkley, Foreman.
Mount Sicker Trail.
Cut out logs, brush, etc.; built 7 small bridges and culverts, and improved trail generally.
' Koksilah River Party."
J. McPherson, Foreman.
Koksilah Rivee.
November—Clearing out logs, jams and snags   from Clem-clem-a-lutz ranch to a point
about 1 mile above bridge, near Cowichan Station.
Alberni Division.
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road.
E. L. Gill, Foreman.
Ditched 220 yards, 2 feet wide.
Excavated rock,       18      n      5 n
Gravelled 5,463      „      8
Made 4 culverts, 2-J feet x 14 feet x 12 inches.
Re-planked 1 bridge, 60 feet long.
Repaired road-bed, 3,200 yards. 754 Public Works Report. 1898
Cowichan-Alberni Trail.
E. L. Gill,
Foreman.
Graded                    1,124
Cribbed                    125
Excavated earth,      200
Filled in                    200
yards,
it
it
ii
10 feet
2
3
3
wide.
i
t
4 feet
3
deep.
ii
China Creek Road.
Edward G randy, Foreman.
Forest cleared,
200
yards,
40 feet
wide.
Grubbed
200
40
it
Ditched
780
2
ii
Corduroyed
450
10
it
Excavated rock,
38
4
it          4 feet deep.
Filled in
251
3
2
Stoned
100
Gravelled 3,874      n        6        it 6 inches deep.
Made 21 culverts, 2 feet x 14 feet x 2 feet.
Granite Creek Trail.
James Godfrey, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 1,850 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,650      „      2
Graded 4,675      „      2
Corduroyed 110      n      5 n
Made 3 culverts,    6 feet x 5 feet x 1 foot.
Built 4 bridges,   40      „     5      „     6 feet.
Woodward Road.
E. L. Gill, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 1,110 yards, 14 feet wide.
Cherry Creek Road.
E. L. Gill, Foreman.
Ditched                   138 yards,   2 feet wide
1 foot deep.
Excavated earth     42      n      14        n
2 feet deep.
Filled in                    46      „      14
2         „
Stoned                       36      „        8
8 inches deep
Gravelled             2,219      „        8
6
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet long x 1 foot.
Townsite Roads.
Edward Grandy, Foreman.
Grubbed     200 yards, 90 feet wide.
Graded       350     „     90
Ditched      200      „        2 „
Filled in       30      „      60        „ 3 feet deep.
Gravelled   300      n        6 n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 3 feet x 3 feet x 100 feet. 62 Vict.
Public Works Report.
755
fer Creek Road.
Henry Hills, Foreman.
Forest cleared,    320 yards,   5 feet wide.
Grubbed             400     ,
5
Graded                805      >
16
Ditched               705      ,
2
Cribbed                  20      ,
,      20
3 feet deep.
Filled in               190
,      12
4        ii
Gravelled          2,875
8
6 inches deep
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet
x 4 feet
x 3 feet
Built 3 bridges,   14      n
8      „
4    „
Sproat Lake Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Gravelled 800 yards, 8 feet wide, 3 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 6 feet x 14 feet x 2 feet.
McCoy Lake Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Graded 880 yards, 6 feet wide.
McKenzie Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Graded 1,760 yards, 4 feet wide.
Nanaimo City District.
Nanaimo Prison and Grounds.
Laid new cement floor in the south corridor, and a new cement floor in the kitchen, of the
Nanaimo Prison, as the old floors had become worn out, and repaired the cementing on
the outside walls where same had been broken off by frost. The chain-gang have
cleared and stumped one and one-half acres of the prison grounds, and built a stable
17 feet by 26 feet, with 16-foot walls, enclosed with rustic, and painted one coat, and
have built a blacksmith's shop 10 feet by 12 feet, with 8-foot walls.
Law Courts and Government Offices, Nanaimo.
Laid cement walks on Law Court grounds, 370 square yards, and made sundry repairs to
the building. South Nanaimo District.
Alexandria Mine Public School.
H. C. Raymond, Contractor, $765.
Furnished all plant, labour and material, and cleared one acre of timber and brush from
school site, and erected and completed a building 24 by 36 feet, with vestibule 6 by 24
feet, in conformity with plans and specifications, and seated the same with 24 desks and
seats, and 4 back seats, and built a double water closet.
Nanaimo Bay Public School.
H. C. Raymond, Contractor, $765.
Furnished all plant, labour and material, and cleared three-quarters of an acre of timber
and brush from school site, and erected and completed a building 24 by 36 feet, with
vestibule 6 by 24 feet, in conformity with plans and specifications, and seated the same
with 24 desks and seats, and 4 back seats, and built a double water closet.
Repairs to Public Schools.
Sundry repairs made to Public Schools in North and South Nanaimo Districts.
Nanaimo Lake and Nitinat Trail, and Road around Nanaimo Lakes.
John Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared 6| miles, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 6J    „      10
Graded 6|    n        9 n
Cribbed 500 yards, 3J feet high.
Excavated rock 20 cubic feet blasted from points along road.
Filled in 20 yards, 14 feet wide by 6 feet deep.
Made 4 culverts, 14 feet long, 2\ feet wide by 2 feet deep.
lilt 1 bridge,
54
,,
14
,,
7 feet high.
n     1
60
,,
14
ii
9
„   10       ,i
24
„
14
ii
4
ll        O           ii
14
ii
14
„
3
All built of cedar, with bents and mud-sills, with 4 stringers,   covered  with  split cedar,
with ribbon poles put on.
Nanaimo Lake and Nitinat Trail.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forrest cleared 21,118 yards, 14 feet wide.
branch trails,
out of side-hills.
11
2,800      ii
8
Graded
4,130      ii
3
\.da Islands
Roads.
T. R. Jones,
Foreman.
Forest cleared 4,866   yards,
10 feet wide.
Grubbed
1,000
10
Graded
4,866
8
Ditched
10
on one side.
Corduroyed
29
12 feet wide.
Cribbed
14
5 feet high. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 757
Excavated rock  200    yards,    8 feet wide by 3 feet deep.
Filled in
14
8
,             3
Made 1 culvert,
10 feet long, 2        i
,              2
Built 1 bridge,
35
12        ,
i              3 feet high
,i     1
15
12        ,
3
11            1                II
111
„      14
,              5        „
i,     1
42
„      12
4
With bents and mud-sills and 3 stringers, covered with split cedar, and ribbon poles put on.
Texada Island Roads.
F. H. Jell, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,200   yards,   16 feet wide.
Grubbed, 2,200        „      11 i,
Graded 2,200 11
Corduroyed 20        n      13        n
Made 2 culverts,   11 feet long, 2 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge,     87 n       13        „ 8 feet high.
ii     1      ii 52        ii      13        ii 6        ii
ii     1      .,        103        „      13        „ 4
n     1       n 21 ii      13        ii 2        ii
All built with bents and mud-sills, and 4 stringers, covered with split cedar, and ribbon
pole put on.
Made sundry repairs to road leading to iron mine wharf by ditching hillside, and putting
in culvert, and repairing bridge.
Texada Island Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Built a new wharf at the Iron Mine. Approach, 138 feet long, 16 feet wide, built on
piles, the extension T, at the end of approach, is 30 by 60 feet, made with piles, caps
and stringers drift-bolted together with one-inch iron bolts. The piles are well braced
and pins clinched, and the wharf and approach covered with 2-inch plank well spiked
down and ribbon pole put on.
Roads, Lasqueti Island.
James McRoberts, Foreman.
Forest cleared 4,120 yards, 12 feet wide.
Levelled up      4,120       n        8 n
Nanaimo River Protection Bank.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Excavated the earth from behind the bulkhead, and put in 19 tie pieces, 22 feet long, and
tied same to piling with iron bands and bolts, and filled in behind the piling with logs
and brush to keep the earth from forcing the planking.
Richardson's and Emblem's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,100 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,100      „     10
Graded 1,100      „     10
Filled in 80      n     10        >, 1J feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet long, 12 feet wide by 2| feet high.
Road from Sullivan's Road to Yellow Point Road.
William Carson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,000 yards, 20 feet wide. 758 Public Works Report. 1898
Holdin's and Italian's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Grubbed     260 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded        260      „     20
Gravelled   100      n       6 n by 6 inches deep.
And made general repairs along the line of old road.
Hemer's and Stockham's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Grubbed 900 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    900      „      18
Filled in   30      „      18        „        by 1 foot deep.
And made general repairs along the line of old road.
Thomas', Preece's, and Godfrey's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 300 yards, 16 feet wider than old road.
Grubbed 300      „        6
Graded 300      n        6 n n
175      „        3
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
And made general repairs along the line of old road.
Marshall's, Kean's, and Deacon's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 400      n        7        n        out of side-hill.
2,400     i.        8
Gravelled 300      n        7        n        6 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 12 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Dug 50 yards of tail drains, and made general repairs along line of old road.
Beck's and Cassidy's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 600 yards, 6 feet wider than old road.
Grubbed 570      n    12 feet wide.
Graded 570      „    12
Gravelled 850      n      7        n        by 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 1 \ feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Slashed 200 yards, 10 feet wide, on each side of road to let sun in, and made general
repairs along line of old road.
Victoria Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 630 yards, 7 feet on each side of old road to let the sun in.
Graded 50      n    14 feet wide, out of side-hill.
Repaired bridge at 20-mile post.
Built 1 bridge, 101 feet long, 15 feet wide, by 22 feet high, having 3 bents set on mud
sills, and 4 stringers on same, covered with 3-inch plank ; ribbon-pole, hand-rail, etc.;
approach to the bridge built with 4 stringers, covered with split cedar, and ribbon-pole
put on; approaches filled in with earth, and general repairs made along 10 miles of
road. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 759
Brenton's and Page's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Ditched 70 yards on one side.
Corduroyed 15 yards, 14 feet wide, and covered same with earth 8 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
And made general repairs along the line of road.
Alexandria Mine Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 210 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 210      „      12        „
Graded 330
Graded 230
Cribbed 200
Gravelled 300
6 feet wider than old road.
11|- feet wide out of side-hill.
6 feet high.
8 feet wide by 5 inches deep.
Built 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 2| feet wide, by 1J feet deep.
And made general repairs to the road in hauling rock and gravel, and filling up the bad
holes made during the wet weather.
Haslam's and Patterson's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 800 yards, 10 feet wider than old road.
Graded 260      n        5        n n
Gravelled 80      n        6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge,   35        n       14 feet wide by 5 feet high, with 3 stringers, and covered
with split cedar, and ribbon-pole.
Put 50 feet of covering on old bridge at Cassidy's, 14 feet wide, and filled in approaches
of both above bridges.
Repaired old bridge by putting some new covering on of split cedar.
McGregor's and Gribble's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Graded     40 yards, 10 feet wide.
Ditched    40      „      10        „
Gravelled 70      n 6 n by 5 inches deep.
Stark's and Richardson's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Laid rock 120 yards, 8 feet wide.
Gravelled 120      n      8        n        by 6 inches deep.
The above was done to make a bad piece of road passable for teams.
Victoria Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Ditched 30 yards on one side.
Made 1 culvert, 30 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Cleared out 50 yards of ditches.
Victoria Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Filled in 6 yards, 8 feet wide by 6 feet deep.
Gravelled 1,361      n      7        n by 6 inches deep. 760 Public Works Report. 1898
Built 1 bridge across Chase River, 30 feet long, 17 feet wide, by 10 feet high ; built crib
at each end, and put 4 stringers on same and covered same with 4-inch plank, well
spiked down, with ribbon-pole and hand-rail put on.
Re-planked bridge at Isbister's, 55 feet long, 16 feet wide, with 4-inch plank, and made
general repairs along line of road in cleaning out ditches, etc., etc.
Stark's, Richardson's, Scannell's, and Barnley's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Grubbed   271 yards, 8 feet wider than old road.
Graded      271      n      8        „ ii
Graded     325     „     2
Ditched    295      n      on one side.
Ditched     151      n      on both sides.
Gravelled   22      n      9 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 2 bridges, each 18 feet long, 12 feet wide by 4 feet high, with 3 stringers covered
with split cedar and ribbon-pole; filled in approaches, and made general repairs along
line of old road.
Road from City to Extension Mine and Wolf Creek.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 240 yards, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed
231
11
10
Graded
361
11
10
Ditched
230
II
on one side.
Filled in
62
II
8 feet wide by 1J feet deep.
Stoned
17
II
17        ii              6 inches deep.
Gravelled
185
II
8        „              6           ii
Made 4 culverts, 14 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge, 88 feet long, 14 feet wide by 16 feet high, with 4 bents, 6 mud-sills, and 4
stringers, covered with split cedar, and ribbon-pole and hand-rail.
Made general repairs in taking out stumps, roots, and rocks, and filling in ruts along 21
miles of old road.
Sage's, Randle's and Waddington's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Grubbed 378 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded    378      „     16
Ditched    60      m     on both sides.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Dug 20 yards of tail drain, and made general repairs along line of old road.
Jingle Pot Mine, Badcock's and Westwood's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Repaired  2  bridges by putting  2  new bents in one, and  2 new mud-sills and 3 new
stringers in the other, and relaying old covering.
And made general repairs along line of old road.
Wellington Road, from City to Millstone River.
J. Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 100 yards, 15 feet wide by 14 inches deep.
Repaired 2 culverts.
Repaired Millstone River bridge by putting new covering of 3-inch plank on same.    And
made general repairs along line of road. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 761
Gabriola Island Roads.
D. A. McMillan, Superintendent.
Replanked bridge on Hoggan's Road, and braced the bents of same. Made 1 culvert on
Wharf Road, 14 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1 foot deep. Built new bridge between
wharf and Pemberthy's, 20 feet long by 12 feet wide, and covered same with split
cedar. Made culvert at Pemberthy's, 14 feet long, 5 feet wide by 2 feet deep. Filled
in wash-out at Aitkin's place. Repaired road on hill at GemmelPs, and repaired
culvert at Gemmell's, and cleaned out ditches leading to wharf on south end of island.
Made 1 culvert at south school-house, 14 feet long, 2 feet wide by 2 feet deep. Made
1 new culvert near Dignen's place, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep. Made 1
culvert at Silvie's place, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep. Made 2 culverts on
centre road at swamp, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep. Built 1 bridge across
Stone Creek centre road, 50 feet long, 14 feet wide by 3 feet high, with three stringers,
and covered with split cedar, filled approaches in with earth, and made general repairs
in cutting out windfalls, <fec, on roads on the island.
North Nanaimo District.
Addition to Wellington Public School.
Henry McAdie, Contractor, $765.
Furnished all plant, labour and material to erect and complete an addition 26 by 36 feet,
lathed and plastered and wainscotted, and the whole of the exterior and interior woodwork painted with two coats of paint.
Road from Nanoose to Englishman's River.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 350 yards, 35 feet wide.
,     20
,     20
on one side.
18 feet wide by 12 feet high.
12 „ 5
,     24 „ 5
Built 1 bridge, 164 feet long, 15 feet wide by 30 feet high, on 6 bents, and cribs at each
end, with 4 cedar stringers, and covered with 3-inch plank well spiked on, with ribbon
pole and hand-railing;  made general repairs along line of old road.
Qualicum River Bank Protection.
R. J. Craig, Foreman.
Excavated 125 yards for new channel, 8 feet wide by 4 feet deep.
Built wing dam, 85 yards long, 8 n 4 feet high.
ii u 35 ii 15        n 8        ii
Filled in crib again as some of filling had washed out.
Grubbed
325
Graded
250
Ditched
300
Cribbed
6
Excavated
245
Filled in
140 762 Public Works Report. 1898
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road.
John Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared     9,861 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 9,112      n     13        ,,
Graded 10,111       „     13
Ditched 60      n     on one side.
Excavated earth       60      n     20 feet wide by 3 feet deep.
Filled in 5      „       4 2 „
Cribbed 15      n       2 feet high.
Made 7 culverts, 16 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1| feet deep.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 55 feet long, 15 feet wide by 10 feet high.
I,    5 n 52        „        15 9
All built of cedar, with bents and mud-sills, and 4 stringers, covered with split cedar.
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road.
R. J. Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 550 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 450      „     14
Graded 580      „     14
Ditched 285      n     on one side.
Cribbed 18       n        3 feet high.
52      „     10        „
Excavated rock 8      n     12 feet wide by 1J feet deep.
Filled in 18      „     16        „ 2 „
ii 575 cubic yards to raise the road.
Gravelled 1,675 n     7 feet wide by 5 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 feet wide 2 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 75 feet long, 16 feet wide by 17 feet high, at Englishman's River; built
on 3 bents and 4 stringers, and covered with 3-inch plank ; ribbon-pole and hand-rail
put on.
Built 1 Straining Beam bridge across the Qualicum River, near Lake Cameron, 72 feet
long, 13 feet wide, 14 feet high, and covered same with split cedar. A crib was built
at each end for the bridge to rest on.
Made sundry repairs along the line of road, in shovelling out land slide, cutting out timber jam at Englishman's River, and repairing bridges and culverts.
Road from Wellington to Nanoose.
James Craig, Foreman.
Graded      325 yards, 15 feet wide.
Ditched     325      n      on one side.
Gravelled 475      n     8 feet wide, by 6 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 52 feet long, 16 feet wide, by 8 feet high; with 2 bents and 4 stringers;
and covered same with 3-inch plank, well spiked on, with ribbon-pole, and hand-railing
put on.
Made general repairs along line of old road.
Wallis' Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Cribbed 5 yards, 15 feet wide, by 6   feet high.
Excavated 10     n      12        n n     lJr feet deep.
Filled in        8      m      15 n n     4 n
Built 1 bridge, 70 feet long, 13 feet wide, by 8 feet high ;   with 2 bents and 4 stringers ;
covered with split cedar.
Made general repairs along line of road. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 763
North-West Bay Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 100 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 125      „      10
Gravelled 6      n        8        n by 10 inches deep.
Built 1  bridge, 48 feet long, 15 feet wide by 6 feet high, with 1 bent and 4 stringers,
and covered with split cedar.
Made general repairs along line of old road.
Wellington Road (from Millstone River to Wellington).
James Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 473 yards, 12 feet wide by 12 inches deep.
Repaired 2 culverts; and made general repairs along line of road.
Nanaimo-Departure Bay Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Put new 3-inch plank on bridge, 62 feet long by 14 feet wide ;   and repaired bridge at
Departure Bay, and made general repairs along line of road.
Rossville Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 75 yards, 10 feet wide by 8 inches deep ; and made general repairs on same.
Stewart's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Grubbed 300 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded    300      ,,        8 u
Northfield Road to Departure Bay.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 125 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 125      „      20
Graded 125      „      18
Ditched 125      n      on one side.
Gravelled 20      n      8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made culvert, 22 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Wellington to Departure Bay Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 300 yards, 8 feet wide by 8 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Richards' Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Grubbed 20 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded 20     „      8
Excavated earth 20      n      8        n by 1 foot deep.
Turner's and Brickyard Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Filled in 17 yards, 20 feet wide by 4 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 28 feet long, 3 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Made general repairs along line of road. 764 Public Works Report. 1898
Rutherford's and Pringle's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 125 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 125      „      20
Graded 125      „      18
Ditched 125      n      on both sides.
Gravelled 20      m      8 feet wide by 5 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of old road.
Fisher's and Hardy's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Graded 880 yards, 10 feet wide.
Departure Bay Road.
Alex. Henderson, Foreman.
Built stone culvert, 64 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep in the clear; and the chain-gang
have filled in the ravine, the fill being 40 yards long, 40 feet wide and 7 feet deep; and
the chain-gang have graded 200 yards of the road, 24 feet wide.
Knight's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Ditched 180 yards on one side.
Kelly's, Richardson's, Holland's, and others' Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Graded      100 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched     121      n      on both sides.
Gravelled 190      n      12 feet wide by 10 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Kilpatrick's and Hoskin's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Grubbed 837 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded    837      „      12
Pearson's and McGarrigle's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Repaired bridge by putting in 5 new bents, 16 feet high ; 9 new stringers, and 99 feet of
new covering of split cedar, 14 feet wide ; put on new ribbon poles and replaced hand-
railing; changed channel of creek by digging new channel 15 yards long x 4 feet wide
and 2 feet deep ; cut out the brush from side of road for 200 yards, 10 feet wide, and
put 4 feet of covering on another bridge.
South Wellington Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Gravelled 135 yards, 9 feet wide by 12 inches deep, with ashes.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide by 12 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road. 62 Vict.                                    Public Works Report.
765
Munro's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 20 yards on one side.
Gravelled 50 yards, 8 feet wide, by 12 inches deep, with ashes.
Repaired bridge by putting crib under one end and putting in 3
placing old covering and put on new ribbon poles.
new
str
ingers,
and re-
Balagno's Road.
■I.  Cairns, Foreman.
Gravelled 50 yards, 8 feet wide by 10 inches deep, with ashes, and made general repairs
along line of old road.
Cross Road from Hirst's to Alberni Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared   350 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 775      n      15 n
Graded 775      n      15        n
Ditched 1,550      n      on one side.
Gravelled 125      n        6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Road from Englishman's River to French Creek.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,075 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,075      „      12
Graded 1,075      „      12
Ditched 1,075      n     on one side.
Gravelled 650      n      7 feet wide  by 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 22 feet long, 4 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Repaired bridges, and made general repairs along line of road.
Errington Cross Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Grubbed     1,700 yards, 13 feet wide.
Graded      1,800      „      13
Ditched      1,885      n      on both sides.
Gravelled     100      n      7 feet wide by 8 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 22 feet long, 3 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Lowery's and Craig's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Ditched 100 yards on one side.
Filled in      10 yards, 8 feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 125      n      6 n 6 inches deep.
Repaired 3 culverts, and made general repairs along line of old road.
Clarkson's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Grubbed   600 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded     600      „      6
Ditched      60      <•     on one side.
Gravelled 400      n      6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 13 feet long, 2 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Made general repairs along line of road. 766 Public Works Report. 1898
Morrison's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Cribbed       36 yards,   2 feet high.
Filled in      12      n      16 feet wide by 3 feet deep.
Gravelled 150      m        7 m 4 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 65 feet long,  15 feet wide by 6 feet high, on mud-sills and bents, and
covered same with split cedar, with ribbon pole put on ; made general repairs along line
of old road.
Swain's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 150 yards, 6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Dunn's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Grubbed 350 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded   350 '   „      6
Beaver Creek Wharf Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Repaired bridge on same.
Hellier's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 175 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 275      „        6
Graded 275      „        6
Ditched 50      n      on one side.
Gravelled 80      n      6 feet wide by 8 inches deep.
Made I culvert, 12 feet long, 2 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Buss and Fitzgerald's Road.
R. Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 400 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 500      ,,        6 „
Graded 685      „        6
Ditched 240      m      on one side.
Put new covering on bridge across railway track at Wellington, 90 feet long by 24 feet
wide, with 4-inch plank, well spiked on.
Nanaimo River Bridge (Construction).
William Rockett, Foreman.
Built a new Howe Truss bridge across Nanaimo River, using the same stone abutments
that the old bridge stood on. The bridge will be 162 feet long, with 16 panels in same;
height between cords, 17 feet. This bridge is being built a little stronger than the
bridge it is to replace, which was built in 1884. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 767
Comox District.
School-house at Cumberland.
James Carthew, Contractor. $4,750.
Furnished all plant, labour, and materials, and erected a two-story frame building,
measuring 64 feet by 80 feet, in accordance with plans and specifications. The building comprises a basement and furnace room, eight large school-rooms with separate
cloak and hat rooms in connection with each, hallways, vestibules, etc.; the construction
and finish is first-class, and the building, when completed, will provide accommodation
for over 400 pupils. The contract does not provide for the interior finish of the four
upper-floor rooms or for staircases.
Roads, Wharves, and Bridges.
Dyke Repairs.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
January—Hauled 80 loads of rock and put along dyke at weak places.
December—Hauled 75 loads of stone and put along side of dyke.
Lucius Cliffe's Road (branch from Upper Prairie Road).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Grubbed 264 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded   264      „      10
Built 12 chains 56 feet of new fence ; removed old rails from line and built straight fence
10 feet from Halliday's line;  2 cedar posts at each splice, posts pinned on top and
wedged; 7 rails high, making a good substantial fence.
Grubbed out and burned up 8 large trees, oak and fir.
Harrigan and Fraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Hauled 50 loads of gravel.
Branch Road (from W. Vile's Road to Lots 120 and 108).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 990 yards, 20 feet wide.
n 770      „      20        ii
Crawford and Cowie Road (to Lots 112 and 212).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 880 yards, 30 feet wide.
Crawford and Cowie Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
August—Grubbed 50 yards, 14 feet wide.
Graded 75      n      14        n
Ditched 200      n        1^      n 18 inches deep.
Corduroyed        45      n      14        n
Filled in 12      „      14        „ \\ feet deep.
Made 5 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet long by 14 feet by 2 feet high. 768
Public Works Report.
1898
W. J. McAllen and Parkins Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
April—Grubbed 1,150 yards, 13 feet wide.
Graded
1,150      ,
i      13        ,
Ditched
170
i        2         i
i         18 inches deep
Corduroyed
54      ,
14        ,
June—Grubbed
150
,      14
Graded
150
i     14        ,
July—Grubbed
300
,     14        ,
Graded
300     i
,      14        ,
A ugust—Ditchec
150
,        2         i
i        18 inches deep
Corduroyed
130
,      14
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 1| feet by 18 inches.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 30 feet by 3 feet.
Tsolum River Road.
Ditched 500 yards, 18 feet wide.
Hauled 90 loads of gravel and filled up holes.
Oyster River Road (near Joe Stuart's).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched   26 yards, 6 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Filled in 10      ,,    10 ,i 2^       „
Oyster River Road (from Oyster River to J. Knight's).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched 150
Corduroyed 28
Excavated earth   54
100 yards, 14 feet wide.
100      „      14
2
14
14
20 inches deep.
1\ feet deep.
Filled in 230     „      15
Made 5 culverts, 14 feet by 1| feet by 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge, 13 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
Graded and took out roots and stones and repaired corduroy bridges a distance of 4|-
miles.
Creech Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Corduroyed 100 yards, 14 feet wide.
Gravelled     129      n        6        u        6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot.
Cleared out fallen timber.
Union Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled road from Cumberland, through old Union, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Miller Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Hauled 35 loads of gravel; cut 80 chains of brush on each side of road; ditched 50 yards ;
made 1 culvert. 62 Vict. .   Public Works Report 769
Williams and Donohue Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched    850 feet, 2J feet wide, 1-|- feet deep.
Gravelled 100    „   14" „ i"
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Turnpiked road with 18-inch crown, 15 feet between ditches.
Grubbed 3 large stumps and 1 large tree.
Anderton Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 85 yards, 2 feet by 18 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 1| feet by 2 feet.
Grubbed out large trees, gravelled bad holes, and took out rocks and roots.
Flat Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Filled in 10 yards by 24 by 6 feet deep.
Removed old bridge stringers and covering, and filled in.
Repaired water trough.
Comox Wharf Repairs.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Removed 53 old piles, cut drift bolts and let them drop out; drove 53 new piles, fastened
with drift bolts from cap; bents all sway braced; corner on outer wharf raised, and
piles driven and mooring piles fastened.
Back Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded      120 yards side hill, 14 feet wide.
Ditched    120      n    by 1 foot by 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 150      m    9 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Cut tail drains, took out roots, and made general repairs.
Gibson's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 156 yards, by 2 feet by 18 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 18 inches.
Cut out fallen timber caused by forest fires.
Removed roots and stones from road.
Ledingham & Smith Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 44 yards, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled, 30 loads.
Made 1. culvert, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Removed old covering from bridge and re-covered with 3 feet by 12-inch plank, 14 feet
long; bridge, 78 feet long; replaced hand-railing, repaired culverts and tail drains.
Black Creek and Upper Prairie Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Grubbed 251 yards, 14 feet wide.
Hauled 260 loads of gravel.
Repaired corduroys and made general repairs. 770 Public Works Report. 1898
Roy's Road from Courtenay.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 118 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 118      n     18        „
Graded 118      „     14
Ditched 150      „       2        n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 66      „     20        m 31      „
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 1^ feet by 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge,     14    n 5      h 1J feet.
Cleaned out ditches,   repaired  and  cleaned  culverts,  and   made side-hill cutting.    Bij
improvement.
Roy's Road from Union.
F. J. Curran, Foreman.
Forest cleared   30 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 120      i.     13
Ditched 36      ii       2 n 1 foot deep.
Filled in 90      n     15 n 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 500       n     13 n 6 inches deep.
Clark & McDonald's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
March to May—Forest cleared 528 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed 528      „     10
Graded 528      „     10        n
Ditched 14      n       1 n
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 57 feet by 3 feet.
June, July—Graded 300 yards, 10 feet wide.
Corduroyed 133      n     12        m
Gravelled 133      h     12 n 6 inches deep.
Lake Trail.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 455 yards, 10 feet wide on each side of trail.
Grubbed 300       „     13
Graded 300      i,     13
Ditched 462      n       2        n 2 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Hauled 20 loads of gravel.
Scott & Ccnliffe's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman
Forest cleared 400 yards,
30 feet wide.
Grubbed
400      ,.
15
Graded
400      „
15
Ditched
325
2         „
18 inches deep
Corduroyed
15      „
14
Filled in
75      „
14
\\ feet deep.
Viles & Burn's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched     676 yards, 2 feet wide by 18 inches deep.
Gravelled 310      „     8 4 „
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Repaired old corduroy. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 771
Cross Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded 114 yards, 14 feet wide.
Filled in bad holes.
Gravelled 63 yards, 9 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by    2 feet by 1J feet.
Built 1 bridge,     14     n 15     n 5 4 stringers.
Rennison's Bridge.
Put in three new bents, new hand-railing and new covering.
Flat Road near Wharf.
Put in new bent at end of wharf, raised it up 10 inches; repaired bridge at Rennison's
store: put on new caps, corbies and stringers; decked bridge with new plank, 3 inches
by 12 inches; length, 58 feet, and 18 feet wide.
McKelvey Prairie Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched     265 yards, to put 18-inch turnpike crown on road.
Filled in     55      n     20 feet wide by 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 634      n       8        n 6 inches deep.
Cut down large trees and blew out 4 large stumps.
Rees Bridge on Tsolum River.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Removed old bridge and approach; used old truss rods and heel bolts; length of span, 75
feet; stringers in span, 85 feet by 10 inches by 14 inches; 4 stringers; approach, 132
feet; 4 stringers, 10 inches by 14 inches; 7 bents; bents put inside of piers; covered
with 3 inches by 12 inches plank, good hand-rail, and fastened all securely with drift
bolts.
Reid & Fraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared
528
yards,
28 feet wide.
Grubbed
528
20        „
Graded
528
18
Ditched
400
16 inches wide.
Corduroyed
13
14 feet wide.
Excavated earth 50
18         ii          2 feet deep.
Filled in
50
18        ,,          2
Hauled 25 loads of gravel.
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road—Repairs.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
June—Graded        700 yards, 14 feet wide.
Ditched 1,742      „       3        n 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed 25      n     16 m
Made 12 culverts, 14 feet by 1|- feet by 1 foot.
Blew out stumps.
July—Graded 148 yards, 14 feet wide.
Ditched 385      n       3        „ 2 feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 1| feet by 1 foot.
Blew out large stumps, roots and stones. 772 Public Works Report. 1898
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road—Repairs.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
May—Graded     200 yards.
Ditched        1,000      „
Filled in 173  feet,
Gravelled     1,700      „
Made 12 culverts, 14 by 2 by 1.
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Roads.
T. H. Piercy, Foreman.
14 fe
et wide.
2
ii           18 inches deep.
14
ii            1 foot deep.
9
ii             5 inches deep.
April, May—Forest cleared 4,400 yards
20 feet wide.
Grubbed
3,520      „
13
Graded
3,520      „
13
Ditched
1,275      „
13 to 20 feet wide.
Corduroyed
108      ,,
14 feet wide.
Made 8 culverts,
15 by 2 by 1.
Built 7 bridges,
25 by 15 by 2.
June—Forest cleared 1,760 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed
2,200      ,i      13 to 22 feet wide.
Graded
2,200      „      13 feet wide.
Ditched
477     .,
Corduroyed
4     „     14
1!
Excavated earth
22     „     14
ii        4 feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, 3 feet by 1 foot by 15 feet.
Built 6 bridges, 47 feet by 2 feet by 15 feet;   built bridges on 3 stringers, covered with
split cedar, and covered with dirt.     Very heavy work on this Division (Division B).
Nanaimo-Comox Trunk Road.
T. H. Piercy, Foreman.
July—Forest cleared 1,848 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,848      „      13
Graded 1,848      „      13
Ditched 858      ,,      13 to 20 feet wide.
Corduroyed 32 feet, corduroy bridge.
Excavated earth 17 feet, 13 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 88    .,    13        ,, 1 foot deep.
. Made 5 culverts, 3 feet by 16 feet by 1 foot.
Built 1 bridge, 74 feet by 14 feet by 11 feet high.
August—Forest cleared 628 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed
628      ,
,      13
Graded
628      ,
,      13
Ditched
174      ,
i      13 to 22 feet wide.
Corduroyed
12      ,
14 feet wide.
Excavated earth
42      ,
,      13        „          3 fee
Filled in
58     ,
13         „         2
Gravelled
18     ,
9         ,i         8 to ]
8 to 10 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 by 2 by 1.
Built 6 bridges, 726 feet long by 15 by 2 to 10 feet high.
Bridges—Some Truss, others on hewed logs, sided and laid one on top of each other.
All 4 stringers, covered with split cedar and hand-rail.
September—Worked on Truss Bridge at Rosewall's River; length of bridge and approach
is 340 feet, main span is 60 feet.    Put all the stringers in place ;   split part of the
covering, and made the timber for hand-rail.
Fanny Bay and Loughboro Inlet Trail.
T. Maguire, Foreman.
Forest cleared trail, 3 miles long and 5 feet wide. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 773
Valdez Island.
Wm. Hughes, Foreman.
Filled in 400 yards, 12 feet wide by 2 feet deep, and commenced 1 bridge on Cape Mudge
Road, 70 feet long by 14 feet by 13 feet high, partly finished.
Commenced   1  bridge on Drew Habour Road, 120 feet long by 14 feet by 8 feet high,
partly finished.    Cleaned out fallen timber.
Hernando Island.
Raine's and Baker's Road.
W. D. Rorison, Foreman.
Graded      90 chains, 10   feet wide.
Ditched       3 rods,       2|
Filled in 200 yards,   10
Made 2 culverts, 4 feet by 10 feet.
Read Island.
E. W. Wylie, Foreman.
Forest cleared    400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 700      n       10 n
Graded 500      „      10
Excavated rock    15      n      12        m by 4 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 10 feet.
Cortez Island Roads.
Clytosin Main Road.
Chas. E. Newcomb, Foreman.
Forest cleared    3,400 yards, 5 feet wide.
Graded 1,700      „      8        „
Excavated rock       13 feet by 5 feet by 2\ to 3 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 7| feet by 7J feet by 9 feet wide.
Built 2 bridges, 81 feet by 9 feet.
The excavating of this rock has lowered the lake so as to make the road passable across
the outlet, and will be of great benefit to the settlers.
Salt Lagoon to Gorge Harbour.
D. Mowat, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,200 yards, 15 feet wide.
Graded 15      „      12 n
Corduroyed 26      n      12        n
Built 1 bridge, 2 feet by 20 feet by 10 feet.
Repaired bridges, and put in new posts. Lund.
Trail to Malaspina.
E. Johnson, Foreman.
Forest cleared      2,400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed
21
,.     10        ,
Graded
491
n      10        ,
Ditched
20
3        ,
Excavated earth
24
„     10        ,
i          1 foot deep
ii          rock
29
8        ,
,         1
Filled in
213
n     10        ,
.         1
Stoned
6
M           10               I
1
Built 2 bridges, 38 feet
by 11 feet.
Denman Island.
West Road.
A. Graham, $55.10.
Lot 1—Cleared out 110 yards, 18 feet wide, and double turnpiked 18 feet wide ; gravelled
66 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep, and repairs.
T. Nelson, $40.00.
Lot 2—Cleared out 440 yards, 12 feet wide, and graded 9 feet wide.
T. Nelson, $55.00.
Lot 3—Cleared out 770 yards, 12 feet wide, and graded 9 feet wide.
Cross Road.
Thos. Chalmers, $24.50.
Lot 1—Gravelled 82 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
R. Swan, $54.80.
Lot 2—Cleared out 176 yards, 22 feet wide, and turnpiked, with repairs.
A. Graham, $35.00.
Lot 3—Cleared out 110 yards, 22 feet wide, and double turnpiked 22 feet wide.
Wm. Baikie, $49.00.
Lot 4—Cleared out 132 yards, 22 feet wide, and double turnpiked 22 feet.
Pickles Trail.
R. Swan, $12.00.
Cut out trail about 1 mile, 3 feet wide.
East Road.
John Doney, $63.50.
Lot 1—Cut out 1,320 yards, 12 feet wide, and graded 8 feet wide.
Wm. Kenan, $20.50.
Lot 2—Cut out 440 yards, 12 feet wide, and graded 8 feet wide.
John Doney, $24.00.
Lot 3—Ditched 66 yards on upper side; made a new culvert; cut out 22 yards, 4 feet
deep, 10 feet wide in centre; hauled dirt to fill up hollow. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 775
John Morrison, $29.00.
Built a bridge, 29 feet long ; approaches 20 feet each end of bridge, 3 feet high, covered
with planking 16 feet long ; gravelled 6 inches deep.
A. Graham, $13.10.
Lot 4—Cleared out 44 yards, 22 feet wide, and double turnpiked 22 feet wide.
Coburn and Ball's Road.
A. Graham, $39.00.
Lot 1—Cut out 440 yards, 12 feet wide; graded 8 feet wide; corduroyed  22 yards, 16
feet wide; gravelled 22 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Harvey Piercy, $48.00.
Lot 2—Cut out 440 yards, 12 feet wide ; graded 440 yards, 8 feet wide ; corduroyed 44
yards, 16 feet wide; gravelled 44 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
R. Swan, $8.00.
Lot 3—Cut out 132 yards, 12 feet wide; gravelled 132 yards, 8 feet wide.
Heriot Bay, Valdez Island.
Alfred Raynes, Foreman.
Built new wharf, 220 feet long; extension, 30 by 60 feet; approach, 14 feet wide; well
braced and fastened with 1-inch iron.
Read Island.
Built new wharf, 300 feet long ; extension, 30 by 60 feet; approach, 14 feet wide ; well
braced and fastened.
Hornby Island.
I. Howe, J. D. Scott and G. Sutton, Supervisors.
North Side.
Contract  No.   1.
E. Bish, $8.00.
Excavated and graded 44 yards, 14 feet wide.
Contract No. 2.
W. Scott, $14.50.
Graded and ditched 88 yards ; graded 16 feet wide.
Contract No. 3.
E. Bish, $16.00.
Cleared 1 mile of brush and fern, 16 feet wide; removed rocks, roots and stumps from
road-bed, 10 feet wide ; cut down tree and removed one from road.
Contract No. If.
R. E. Scott, $22.00.
Ditched 88 yards.
Graded 44      m
Made 1 cedar culvert, and took out 6 large trees. Contract No. 5.
Ellis Scott, $15.00.
Graded    264 yards, 13 feet wide.
Ditched   110      „
Contract No.  6.
R. E. Scott, $9.00.
Graded 55 yards.
Cut down 2 cedars, and removed 2 large trees.
Corduroyed 14 feet.
Contract No.  7.
W. T. Grant, $13.20.
Ditched 66 yards.
Corduroyed and covered 38 feet.
Contract No. 8.
E. Bish, $5.00.
Cleared out Mountain Trail from Goose Spit to Government wharf.
South Side.
Contract I.
R. E. Scott, $48.50.
Turnpiked 176 yards.
Removed 5 large trees.
Contract II.
W. Spence, $39.00.
Ditched and graded 176 yards.
Graded 88 yards.
Made a cedar culvert.
Took out 4 trees.
Contract III.
R. E. Scott, $40.00.
Graded side of mountain, 55 yards.
Built cedar fender along side of mountain.
Contract IV.
W. Scott,-$58.00.
Excavated 132 yards from side hill, and graded same 12 feet wide.
Built 132 yards of cedar fender.
Contract   V.
J. W. Scott, $9.80.
Ditched 82 yards.
Made 1 cedar culvert.
Contract   VI.
J. W. Scott, $58.00.
Excavated 82 yards from side hill.
Filled in 45 feet.
Made a cedar fender 148 feet.
Blasted rock. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 777
Contract  VII.
J. W. Scott, $28.00.
Built fence along top of Mountain Road, 75 yards long, 3 feet 6 inches high.
Contract   VIII.
W. T. Grant, $19.00.
Swamped out 330 yards, 22 feet wide.
Removed 4 large trees.
Contract IX.
J. W. Scott, $4.00.
Ditched 142 feet.
Cut down 4 trees.
Contract X.
J. Scott, $9.00.
Ditched 100 yards.
Cleaned out 1 culvert and ditch.
Contract XI.
J. Scott, $38.00.
Gravelled 233 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Contract XII.
J. W. Scott,'$58.00.
Ditched 123 yards.
Forest cleared 154      n      22 feet wide.
Graded same 13 feet wide.
Contract XIII.
J. W. Scott,. $33.00.
Ditched 105 yards.
Removed 6 large trees.
Contract XIV.
R. E. Scott, $11.00.
Took up 3 culverts, and cleaned out tail drains.
Filled in 6 feet.
Gravelled 45 feet, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Contract XV.
R. E. Scott, $8.00.
Three days work, $6.00.
Cleared 2 large wind-falls. 778 Public Works Report. 1898
New Westminster District.
School-House at Ladner's.
J. B. Elliott, Contractor, $1,983.
Furnished all labour and materials, and erected a frame building containing three schoolrooms, each 24 by 30 feet, on the ground floor, and one room, somewhat larger, on the
upper floor ; (the contract did not include the interior finish of the upper room); hat
and cloak rooms, and all the necessary fittings are provided. The building is erected
in the usual manner, and is lathed, plastered and painted.
North Bend School.
C. C. McRae, Contractor, $881.00.
Provided all requisites, and erected a frame building in conformity with the general plan
for country schools.
Langley School-House.
Jas. Layfield, Contractor, $767.50.
Furnished all materials and labour, and erected a building as above.
Asylum for the Insane.
Victoria, B.C., December 16th, 1898.
W. S. Gore, Esq.,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Sir,—In reply to yours of the 14th instant, asking for a description of work carried out
under my supervision, at the Asylum for the Insane, this season, I beg to report as follows, in
continuation of a similar report by me of January 7th last.
In consequence of a suggestion made by Mr. Coughlan, the contractor for last year's
work, as reported in my letter of January 10th, a contract (amounting to $13,327) was entered
into with him early in the year, to proceed with the Kitchen Block and connecting corridors,
on the basis of his tender, submitted with others in June, 1897, which contract was duly
completed by the end of June of this year, and together with the wing erected last year, has
been in use for nearly six months.
About the same date, acting under instructions contained in your letter of June 7th, I
arranged a third contract (amounting to $30,800) with Mr. Coughlan for the erection of
another detached wing, similar to that built last year with some slight changes and enlargement, and also for the erection of a building and 80-foot smokestack on the site of the old
kitchen, with a large cellar for the new steam-heating apparatus, and store-rooms and bedrooms above; and also for the formation of culverts between the different buildings for the
reception of heating mains.
Of this work the detached wing is now nearly complete, and the balance of this contract
should, with favourable weather, be completed about the end of January.
In addition to the above, in May last, having prepared the necessary plans and specifications for a steam-heating plant capable of warming the whole of the various buildings from
one central system, and supplying steam for motive power when required for laundry
machinery, or an electric light dynamo, tenders were called for and a contract entered into
with Mr. W. E. Vanstone, of New Westminster, the lowest, for the amount of $14,280,
which was immediately after increased, after consultation with you, by $1,900, for new
radiators throughout, instead of utilizing the old ones as at first arranged for ; this work, also,
should be completed before the end of January, and would have been 'ere this had the cellar
and smokestack been ready to receive it. In addition to the above a large amount of excavating, amounting to not less than 5,000 cubic yards, has been done under my directions, by the 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 779
chain-gang, to form  level plateaux for  the  various buildings on this inconveniently sloping
site, and some surface drainage and cribbing by the patients.
I hope I may be excused for again pointing out the very urgent necessity of many minor
works still required, to complete the institution even on its present basis, the most important
of which are the mortuary and  operating, or Hospital Ward, which  would not  cost  many
hundred dollars, and of which the Honourable the Provincial Secretary has full particulars.
Hoping I have included all the information you desire,
I remain,
Yours faithfully,
W. Ridgway Wilson.
Report of Public Works New Westminster District, B. C, 1898.
John Sprott, Superintendent.
New Westminster, Hope and Yale Road Repairs.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Commencing near foot of big hill at Brownsville, and continuing over road for a distance
of about 25 miles ; brushed and forest cleared, 20 miles, 12 feet on each side of outer
edge of ditch ; brushed balance of road, 20 feet on each side of outer edge of ditch ;
grubbed and graded road, 150 chains, 18 to 20 feet wide; grubbed and graded road, 7
miles, 20 to 30 feet wide, and for a distance of  2 miles raised the general grade of road
above the old level to a height from " 0 " to 3 feet, with a width of 20 to 30 feet.
Ditched      32 miles, 3 feet by 2 feet by 18 inches.
do 12      ,,     4        i,    4        ,,      3 feet.
do 2      ,,     2 i.    3 „      3    „
Excavated 70 chains, 20 feet wide, 1 to 2 feet deep.
do 6       „       24 r, 3
do 11,000 cubic yards of earth, and used same in raising the roadway from "0 "
to 4 feet, as occasion required.
Filled in    70 chains, from 20 to 30 feet wide, and    1    to 2 feet deep.
do        100 „ 18 to 25 „ "0"to4
do 6 „ 18 to 20 ii 3    to 4
Putin 14 culverts, 3 by 4 by 18 feet.
do      6 ii       6 by 2 by 18    n
Put in about 120 chains of tail drain, and about 45 cubic yards of broken stones.
Gravelled 8    miles, 12 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
do       6 n     12 to 14 feet wide and 12 to 18 inches deep,
do      8 „     12 to 14 „ 12 to 14
do      If       „     12 „ 12 to 18
Gravel used being coarse and of the best obtainable quality.
Re-covered 2 bridges, 100 feet long and 16 feet wide, with split cedar 3 inches thick, and
made other general repairs to road.
Cost, about $17,982.36.
Nicomen Slough Bridge.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
This bridge consists of 5 spans and 2 approaches, viz., 4 Pony trusses, 60 feet long, and 1
Howe truss, 104 feet long, with the Mainland approach 83 feet, and the Nicomen approach 104 feet long. The bridge is built upon 6 pile piers, all piles being of cedar,
and thoroughly well driven. Flooring of bridge is of 3-inch sawn plank ; 9 sheer piles
being driven on the Mainland side, and 15 on the Nicomen side. Owing to the prevailing stage of high water, at the time of construction, the work on this bridge could
not be finished, but will be undertaken so soon as the water is low enough to permit of it.
Note—All the piles for this bridge had to be got out back of the Mission townsite and
hauled to the Fraser River, and then towed round to the Nicomen Slough.
Cost, about $3,816.00. 780 Public Works Report. 1898
Tipella Mountain Road and Gibraltar Bridge, &c.—Special.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Built 1 Howe truss bridge, 105 foot span, with 90 feet of approaches ; blasted and removed rock to get a proper foundation for piers. The planking, joists and braces for
this bridge, tfec, had all to be whip-sawed.
Also put in a bridge across Fire Creek, 60 feet long.
Blasted and removed a large quantity of rock from this portion of road to facilitate travel.
Forest cleared, about 3 miles of road, and graded 1 mile, 10 feet wide.
Built 3 bridges, 100 feet long, 12 feet wide and 8 feet high, making a good travelable road
the entire distance.
Cost, about $2,479.00.
Port Douglas and Tenass Lake Road.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Made repairs to old road as far as Tenass Lake, tilling and levelling, <fec.
Put in 100 feet of cribbing, and filled with rock 3 feet deep and 10 feet wide.
Cut brush on each side of road.
Blasted and removed rocks, stumps, etc., from the road-bed.
Constructed about 6 miles of new road, 30 feet wide, with a graded surface from 10 feet
to 12 feet throughout.
Put in 5 culverts, 5 feet by 4 feet by 12 feet.
To give a proper connection to Pemberton Lake 1 mile more of construction is needed.
Cost, about $5,288.00.
Bridges Through Sumas Municipality, &c.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Cut out timbers and put in 4 bridges, 75 feet long, 12 feet wide and 20 feet high, on the
Wade and Musselwhite road, &c; got out the piles and put in the Porter bridge near
to Huntingdon; length, 100 feet, 12 feet wide and 4 feet high ; got out 14 piles and
generally repaired the Roscoe bridge ; length, 50 feet; built bridge on the Huntingdon
road ; length, 140 feet, 12 feet wide and 12 feet high ; got out and drove 14 piles for
the Yorke bridge, bolting same to the stringers, and generally repairing the bridge
throughout; put in other bridges, averaging about 25 feet long, 12 feet wide and 12
feet deep, and overhauled all bridges east of H. Barker's, etc.
Cost, $729.
Vedder Creek Bridge.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Cut, blasted and removed jams on Vedder Creek that were endangering the bridge, and
made necessary and temporary repairs to bridge generally.
Cost, about $765.00.
Stave River Bridge.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
This bridge consists of 1 Howe truss span, 108 feet long and 80 feet of approaches; the
structure rests upon rock-filled cribs, built up on a rock foundation, which had to be
blasted out and properly prepared to receive the piers.
Repaired road leading from mill to bridge; grading, levelling and  filling hollows, holes,
etc., and cutting roots and stumps for a distance of about 3 miles.
Cost, about $1,352.00.
Mission City Wharf.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Wharf about 60 feet by 80 feet; rests on piles well driven ; capped, bolted and sway-
braced; stringers properly secured to caps and the whole covered with 3-inch by 12-
plank (sawn fir) ; a good slip also being built into wharf.
Cost, about $835.00. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 781
Pemberton Trail.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Brushed out trail; cut out and removed logs, and made a few necessary repairs to bridges,
etc., from Pemberton Meadows to the Cheakamus Bridge, a distance of about 55 miles;
the trail is in bad shape for pack trains ; the largest portion of the old trail being
through gullies which, in the wet weather, become water courses.
Cost, about $250.00.
North Nicomen Waggon Road.
S. J. Yeoman, Foreman.
Forest cleared 8,000 yards, 20 feet wide.
Blasted out and removed over 60 stumps (ranging from 1 foot to 4 feet in diameter) from
road bed.
Levelled and graded 800 yards, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 450      h        4 feet by 2 feet.
Excavated earth 25      n      by 30 feet by 4 feet, and about 5 cubic yards of rock.
Made 3 fills :   No. 1, 45 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet;   No. 2, 60 feet by 20 feet by 5 feet;
No. 3, 60 feet by 17 feet by 3 feet.
Gravelled 800 yards, 10 feet wide and 10 inches deep.
Put in 6 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 24 feet by 14 feet by 6 feet high.
Put in  cribbing,   180  feet long, with a  7 foot base and a 5 foot top, and 4|- feet high;
packed same with rock from top to bottom.
Excavated from Creek bed 300 feet of gravel, 15 feet wide and 3 feet deep ; hauled and
spread same on road.
Excavated rock, 300 feet by 15 feet by 1 foot deep.
Built about 600 yards over gravel-pit and other impassable places; also, generally repaired
that portion of road from Nicomen Station to Lisgar Farm; distance, about 6 miles.
Cost, about $817.00.
Coltus Lake Crossing Road.
R. Ross, Foreman.
Slashed and forest cleared 2f miles, 18 feet wide.
Corduroyed    16 yards with split cedar, 3 inches thick and 12 feet long.
Cribbed       300      „     7J feet high.
Made earth cut, 100 yards by 15 feet wide and 18 feet deep.
Made 370 yards of filling, 18 feet wide and from 1 to 4 feet high.
Put in 120 feet of bridging, 16 feet wide and 6 feet high.
Cost, about $775.00.
The Parson's or Gulch Road.
H. Ross, Foreman.
Slashed and forest cleared about 1^ miles of road, 20 feet wide ; grubbed and graded it.
Put in about 550 feet of cribbing, 5 feet high.
Made 3 side cuts, 102 feet by 20 feet wide, and from 1 to 2 feet deep.
Made 3 fills from 15 feet to 75 feet long, 20 feet wide, and from 1  to 6 feet deep, using
logs, &c; and covering with earth and rock, and grading to a level surface.
Put in 3 bridges, 40 feet by 50 feet, and 55 feet, respectively,  12 feet wide and 5 to 12
feet high ; making road fit for travel.
Cost, about $800.00. Lot 301, near Vancouver City, Westminster District.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Slashed and cleared 530 yards of new road, 30 feet wide ; removing all logs, stones and
roots for a width of 30 feet, or 15 feet on each side of centre line of road.
Grubbed and graded 530 yards, 18 feet wide.
Cut 1,060 yards of new ditch, 2 feet by 3 feet.
Planked 35 yards of road, 18 feet wide.
Excavated earth and made fill, 22 feet by 24 feet and from 0 to 2 feet deep.
Macadamized 200 yards, 12 feet wide and 8 inches deep.
Put in box drain 100 feet long, 1 foot by 2 feet;  and 4 culverts, 3 by 2 by 18 feet.
Re-built 1 bridge 90 feet long, 16 feet wide and 20 feet high ; and made general repairs
to roads throughout this section.
Cost, about $940.00.
Lund Wharf, Malaspina.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Put in 7 runs of sway-bracing, properly bolting  same with f-inch iron drift bolts, fitted
with nuts and washers, &c; and made a few other sundry repairs to wharf.
Cost, $150.
Harrison Hot Springs Road.    During the early part of the year.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Brushed both sides of road on the outer edges of ditches, and gravelled 12 feet wide and
9 inches deep.
Cost, about $197.00.
Hastings Townsite.
John Gunn, Foreman.
Brushed 4,560 yards, both sides of road on outer edge of ditches.
Ditches widened out and deepened for a distance of 6 miles.
Gravelled 1,970 yards, 12 feet wide and 10 to 12 inches deep.
Put in 3 culverts, 3 feet by 4 feet by 18 feet; and graded up the road and filled in
hollows and holes throughout.
Cost, about $814.00.
Seymour Creek Road and Trail.
John Gunn, Foreman.
Made general repairs to road, etc.
Forest cleared and brushed 18 miles of trail, from North Vancouver to Summit.
Graded 3,520 yards, round big slide.
Put in 7 bridges, ranging from 25 feet to 50 feet in length ; and made trail passable for
travel and general packing.
Cost, about $495.00.
Work in Port Moody Townsite.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Forest cleared for a distance of 6,600 yards, 10 feet wide, on each side of outer edges of
road ditches.
Grubbed and graded 1,320 feet, removing all roots, stumps, etc., and giving roads a level
surface.
Ditched 11,440 yards of road, 2 feet by 3 feet.
Planked        44      n     10 feet wide.
Gravelled    700      n    with best obtainable gravel, 9 feet wide, and to 12 inches deep. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 783
Put in 14 culverts, 2 feet by 1 foot by 18 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 16 feet wide, 6 feet high, and made general repairs to roads.
Cost, about $1,697.
Tyne Head Townline Extension through to Fort Langley.
Z. D. Page, Foreman.
Slashed and stumped 1 mile, from 20 feet to 25 feet wide; graded same, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 8 chains and corduroyed 9Jr chains.
Cut off tops from the large hills and pitches, and used the earth therefrom to fill in the
hollows and holes in road-bed, raising same 2| feet above the old level.
Ditched 1 mile, 2  feet  by 3  feet,  and  cut  8 chains of ditch, 3 feet on bottom and 18
inches deep.
Cost, about $500.
Rose Hill Road.
James Page, Foreman.
Gravelled 650 yards, 9 feet wide, and 9 inches deep.
Ditched 1,000      „      2 feet by 1 foot.
Forest cleared for a distance of  1,000 yards, 10 feet wide, on each side of outer edges of
ditches.
Cost, about $500.
Extra Work on the Nicomen Bridge.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Being the proper finishing of piers, etc., etc., which the high water at the time of construction prevented being done, and which for the proper protection of the piers is
unavoidable. The piers are all well planked and braced, requiring in all about 17,000
feet of plank and timber, which is securely fastened into place with wrought spikes,
drift and screw bolts, etc., etc., and 23 extra sheer piles being driven.
Cost estimated at about $500.
Work on Pitt Meadows, Etc.
Road from Fraser River to Port Hammond ,Etc.
L. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Cleaned and widened out the ditches, filled all hollows and holes, etc., levelled and
graded and made general repairs to road, etc.
Higginson's Road, from Higginson's Wharf to Port Hammond.
L. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Ditched    7,600 yards by 3 feet by 2 feet deep.
Graded     4,236      n    10 feet wide.
Planked    2,288      „      8
Gravelled 3,440      n       8 n and 10 inches deep.
Put in 6 culverts, 6 feet by 4 feet by 18 feet.
No. 1 bridge, 180 feet long by 14 feet wide and 12 feet high.
No. 2      „      226        ii 12 7
No. 3      i,      121        „ 12        „ 12
No. 4      i,      138        „ 12        „ 12
Over 200 feet of these bridges are built on piles, which are well driven, capped, and drift-
bolted, the remainder of bridging being on substantial bents sunk to a proper foundation, and all bridges throughout being well constructed, covered with 3-inch plank, and
supplied with guards and hand-rails. About 60 chains of road remain to be planked,
the road-bed being all levelled and graded to receive the planking.
Cost, about $2,310. Harrison Hot Springs Road (extending from Agassiz to the Harrison Hot Springs Hotel,
a distance of about 6 miles).
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Road generally repaired, ruts and hollows, etc , filled in and levelled oft', and the road
gravelled the entire distance, with the best obtainable material, 12 to 14 feet wide and
10 to 14 inches deep.
Pitt Meadows, Extra Ditching, Etc.
L. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Cut new ditch for 360 yards, 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built bridge over Keatsy Slough, 75 feet long, 12 feet wide, and  10 feet high; bridge
built on bents, etc., with proper stringers and caps, etc., and fastened with drift-bolts;
bents resting on mud-sills, properly bedded ; covering of bridge, 3-inch material; proper
guard and hand-rails, etc., fitted to bridge.
N.B.—Cost included in above sum for Pitt Meadows.
Huntingdon Townsite, Etc
H. G. Ross, Foreman.
Forest cleared and stumped 980 yards, 40 feet wide, and graded the same 20 feet wide.
Laid 700 yards of split cedar corduroy, 3 inches thick and 12 feet wide.
Put in 1,400 feet new ditch, 2 feet by 4 feet.
700 yards of gravel, 12 feet wide and 18 inches deep.
Put in 1 culvert, 2 feet by 2 feet by 20 feet.
Put in crossing at International Avenue, 120 feet long and 20 feet wide, using 3-inch
sawn fir plank, the whole being built upon cedar sills, 4 by 10 inches.
Also put in crossing to Huntingdon, 50 feet by 20 feet, similar in construction to that at
the International Avenue.
Cost, about $1,162.
Bowen Island Road (leading from the Government Road to Trout Lake.)
Forest cleared T^- miles.
Stumped and graded 11      n     16 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long and 12 feet wide and 6 feet high.
Extension of Government Road, East.
Forest cleared f mile.
Stumped and grubbed f    n     16 feet wide, and graded 16 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet long and 12 feet wide by 3 feet high.
Howe Sound Roads, Etc., Etc.
Road from Roberts' Creek to Government Road.
Alexander Beaton, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1-J miles.
Stumped and grubbed l|     n     16 feet wide.
Graded 11     „     16
Made other sundry repairs where most necessary.
Road from Government Road to Pratt's Landing.
Alexander Beaton Foreman.
Forest cleared
1-1
miles
Stumped and gr
ubbed 1J
■  ,,
12 feet
wide
Graded
H
ii
12
ii
Put 30 yards of
corduroy,
10
n
Cost, about $1,1
27. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 785
Mission City Roads, Streets and Bridges, etc.
H. G. Ross, Foreman.
Washington Street.
Forest cleared and stumped \ mile, 40 feet wide, and graded 20 feet.
Re-graded the whole of the road, and gravelled 800 yards, 12 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
Made 2 cribbings, 40 feet long and 4 feet high.
Cleaned, widened and deepened all ditches, &c.
Put in 1 culvert, 2 feet by 2 feet by 20 feet long.
Built 1 bridge, 112 feet long by 24 feet wide and 4 feet high.
Stirling Street.
Forest cleared and stumped 840 yards, 40 feet wide.
Graded 420 yards, 24 feet wide ; made 3 large earth cuts, and hauled earth to fill roadbed up to the necessary height, from a depth of 4 feet.
Graded 300 yards, 20 feet wide; made cut and hauled earth for fill 45 yards long, 30 feet
wide and 10 feet deep.
Put in cedar crib 35 yards long, 22 feet wide and 5 feet high, and filled in with earth.
Gravelled 300 yards, 12 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
Put in 1 culvert, 3 by 4 by 24 feet long ; and made other general repairs, etc.
Silverdale Road, etc.
Forest cleared and stumped 300 yards, 40 feet wide.
Ditched 2 feet by 3 feet, both sides of road.
Made fill about 150 yards long, 30 feet wide and 4 feet deep.
Graded the entire distance of road, 20 feet wide.
Put in culvert, 2 feet by 2 feet by 24 feet long.
Cut down steep hills and pitches; and repaired road generally, right through to Washington street, giving a uniform grade of 20 feet, a distance of about 1,100 yards.
Cedar Valley Road, etc.
Forest cleared and stumped 550 yards, 40 feet wide.
Made cut       50 yards long, 30 feet wide and 15 feet deep.
ii ii       8 feet high.
ii ii      9 feet deep.
ii ii      4        ii        with fill in centre 20 feet wide
and 8 feet high,
towards the Silverdale road;   and repaired road  generally
Town Line Road from New Westminster,  Hope and Yale Road Toward Langley.
D. M. Robertson, Foreman.
Amount of road repaired about 8 miles.
Forest cleared about 8 miles.
Cut and removed much heavy timber and fallen logs, etc., where road required widening.
Removed roots, stumps and stones from road-bed, blasting in many places to get a level
surface; widened, cleaned out and deepened all ditches and culverts, etc., the entire
distance, and made tail drains where necessary ; raised general grade of road from " 0 "
to 4 feet above old level.
Put in fresh covering to bridges where needed.
Filled in and corduroyed all wet places, and removed old and broken corduroy, re-placing
with new where needed.
Made several large cuts through hills to reduce grade from " 0 " to 8 feet in depth, hauling material to make earth fills, with cribbed sides, through swamps, etc., which, in bad
weather, were impassable, and graded road the entire distance, with an average width
of 20 feet; gravelling the same the whole length (with the best obtainable gravel) 12
feet wide and from 1 to 2 feet deep, making a good travelable road.
Cost, about $2,000.00.
Made one fill 80
ii
20
Made cut        50
ii
30
Cut               300
u
30
Re-graded    420
n
tov
throughout.
Cost, about $1,662
00. Synopsis of Dyking Operations, 1898.
The settlers of Chilliwhack having petitioned that Hope, Camp, Half-moon and Greyell
Sloughs should be dammed and the intervening spaces connected with dykes, a survey and
examination for this purpose was made, and plans and specifications drawn out for the work,
which was let to Contractor A. Cruickshanks. This work is almost complete, and is of a
most substantial nature.
A large number of settlers having also petitioned that an examination should be made
for a comprehensive dyking scheme, embracing such of the Chilliwhack lands as were flooded
in the freshet of 1894, a survey and examination for this purpose has been made, and a contour
run, embracing the flooded area.
In Matsqui, the entire right of way has been cleared and, as far as necessary, grubbed,
and that portion of the new dyke lying between the C. P. R. track and No. 1 gate built and
connected with the old dyke at both ends. Thus Matsqui Prairie is practically dyked. The
old dyke, however, which lies between Mt. Sumas and the C. P. R. track being untrustworthy,
arrangements have been made for the construction of a new dyke, in lieu of the old, and also
for the raising of that portion of the old dyke which is to be retained, and which lies between
No. 1 gate and Mt. Lehman.
In Maple Ridge, the new dyke along the Fraser has been completed, and the old retaining
dyke raised and strengthened, while the gate at the mouth of the Lillooet has been repaired.
In Pitt Meadows, the exposed portions of the dyke along the Pitt has been sodded, and
arrangements made for the erection of a breakwater fence. A new gate has been built in No.
1 area, and various minor repairs effected.
In Coquitlam, the eroded portion of the dyke has been rebuilt and sodded. Arrangements
have been made for the erection of a breakwater fence, and various minor repairs effected.
In Maple Ridge and Coquitlam, pumping was effected throughout the freshet, and the
land well drained.
The Courts of Revision for the Districts of Sumas, Matsqui, Maple Ridge, Coquitlam and
Pitt Meadows were held, and the revised assessment rolls filed in the Land Registry Office,
New Westminster.
Fredk. J. L. Tytler, G. E.
Yale District.
North Riding.
Arthur Stevenson, Superintendent.
January.
Reservation Slough.
R. Trodden,  Foreman.
Erected a pile-driver; drove 148 piles.
Built a bridge, 16 feet wide, 1,078 feet long, and 17 feet high.
February.
Nicola and Kamloops Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Filled in washouts near Palmer's Ranch
Removed rock slides at Nicola Lake. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 787
Approach to Slough Bridge.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Graded      500 yards,  10 feet wide.
Gravelled 800      n       10 n 10 inches deep.
Built a bridge, 16 feet wide, 70 feet long, 6 feet high.
March.
North and South River Roads.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Grubbed     340 yards,  9 feet wide.
Graded     1,200      „     10 „
Gravelled    320      n     10 n 10 inches deep.
Made 9 culverts, averaging 20 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet.
Built a bridge, 20 feet wide, 33 feet long, 4 feet high.
Cleaned out slides and filled ruts.
Grand Prairie Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides and loose rocks ; turned off water.
Nicola and Kamloops Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides; cut out snow and ice banks; opened water ditches.
April.
Grand Prairie Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides and rock-filled ruts;  repaired culverts.
North Thompson Road.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Graded    60 yards, 10 feet wide.
Filled in 32 21 „ 2 feet deep.
Built 3 bridges, 16 feet wide, 20 feet long, 4 feet high.
Cut down hill at big slide,  repaired culverts,  opened  water ditches,   cleaned  out  slides,
filled ruts.
Nicola and Kamloops Road.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Made 20 culverts, 20 feet by 5-1 feet by 2 feet.
Built a bridge,        16       ,i       12       „       8    ,.
Turnpiked  2  miles  of  road,  ditched  on  both  sides; cut tail drains; grubbed stumps ;
removed rocks.
Campbell Creek Road.
Oscar Schei, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides, filled in ruts, opened water-courses, repaired culverts.
Nicola and Kamloops Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out ditches, removed rocks, filled in ruts, and made general surface repairs. May.
Nicola and Kamloops Road.
Oscar Schei, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides, filled in ruts,  removed   rocks,  repaired   culverts and stone walls, and
made general surface repairs.
Grand Prairie Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet.
Cleaned out slides along Summit Lake,  tilled up ruts,  cut  out  and removed  wind-falls,
and made general repairs.
Coal Hill, Kamloops.
R. Trodden, Foreman,
Grubbed 5,300 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded    5,300      „      10
Cribbed        18      „        3
Filled in       18      ii        3        n        2 feet deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
South Thompson Road to Harper's Camp.
R.  Trodden, Foreman.
Graded    400 yards, 10 feet wide.
Ditched   300      n        2        n 1J feet deep.
Filled in    19      „      12 „        2
Made 4 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
Widened the road 2 feet, 1,200 yards long.
Nicola-Kamloops Road.
R.  Trodden, Foreman.
Forest cleared,
lJr miles, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed
11    „      15
Graded
1^    ,i      15
Ditched
150   yards,   1|      M
Cribbed
24      n         3 feet high.
Excavated earth
240      „      12
1 foot deep.
2 feet deep.
Made 4 culverts, averaging 16 feet  by   8 feet by 3 feet.
Built 2 bridges, n 16     n     by 19     n 6     n
Removed rocks and slides; filled ruts.
June
New Road from Harper's Camp to McBryne's Valley (10|- miles).
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Forest cleared,    1,500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 17,600      „        8
Graded 17,600      .,        8
Cribbed 36      „        2
Made 16 culverts, averaging 16 feet by    7   feet by 3 feet.
Built 2 bridges, averaging     16       n      27      n        5    it
Made culverts, small bridges, widened out and made general surface repairs on road from
Harper's Camp to Shuswap, on north side of S. Thompson River, distance, 25 miles. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 789
New Road from Dan Stewart's Corner on Canoe Creek to Enderby Road.
A. J. Cummings, Foreman.
Forest cleared,    11 miles, 35 feet wide.
Grubbed 11     n     12
Graded if      „      12
Ditched 50   yards,    2 n 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed        25       n      14 n
New Road from Fader's House to B. Newman's Ranch on Lewis Creek.
Oscar Schei, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 3 miles, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 3    n        8        n
Graded 3    n        8        n
Cleaned out slides ; filled ruts; removed loose rocks and made general surface repairs from
Kamloops to the Barrier River, North Thompson.
Grand Prairie and Fish Lake Road.
A.  Stevenson, Foreman.
Repaired one bad break; cut and removed windfalls; cleaned out rock slides, and made
general repairs from Grand Prairie to Fish Lake.
Nicola and Douglas Lake Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleared out slides ; filled ruts;   removed loose rocks ;   repaired culverts ;   opened ditches
and made general surface repairs.
June and July.
New Road from Indian Reserve to McGuire's.
J. D. Cameron, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 1,200 yards, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,200      n      18 m
Graded 2,200      „      18
Ditched 500      ,.        3 n 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed 240      n      18 tt
Turnpiked 500      n
Excavated earth,        200      n      25 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Built f mile of fence.
Gravelled 500 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 8 feet by 2 feet.
Built a bridge, 16 feet by 18 feet by 2 feet.
July.
Notch Hill Road (extension).
John Mclntyre, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 2,560 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,560      n        9        n
Graded 2,560      „       8
Grubbed stumps ; filled up ruts and made surface repairs on one mile of old road. 7!)C Public Works Report. 1898
Canoe Creek, Salmon Arm (extension).
Chas. Sweeten, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 500 yards, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed 500      „      12        „
Graded 500      n
Tappen Siding and Notch Hill Road (completed)
W. W. Shaw, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 6,320 yards, 20   feet wide.
Grubbed 5,700      n        9 n
Graded 5,000      i,        9 ..
Cribbed 180     t,        3| feet high.
Excavated earth,      1,700 cubic yards.
Built 2 bridges, 20 feet by 14 feet by 5 feet.
About one mile of road heavy grading and clearing.
June.
Forest cleared, 4,000 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed, 4,000      „        9
Graded 2,000      „        9
Cribbed 200      „        4 feet high.
Excavated 900 cubic yards.
Bank cutting on this road from 8 to 12 feet deep.
August.
New Road, from Indian Reserve to A. McGuire's, Salmon Arm.
J. D. Cameron, Foreman.
Forest cleared 600 vards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 600 "    „     20
Ditched and turnpiked 1,400       it
Corduroy bridge 230       n     16 feet by 3 feet.
Gravelled 530        it       . 8     n 8 inches deep.
Built 600 feet of board fence through property of H. C. Fraser and A. McGuire.
July.
McLeod's Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Made a new road, as per agreement, from McLeod's house to Enderby Road, at Michell's
house.
Grand Prairie Road and Road to Joe St. Laurent's.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,400 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,600      „       8
Graded 4,600      ,.       8
Cribbed 60      „       3
Filled in 30 8 2 feet deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 11 feet by 3 feet.
Cut down hill on Grand Prairie Road, 30 yards long and 8 wide.
Lewis Creek and Long Lake.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out and made surface repairs on  Lewis  Creek and  Long Lake  Road; repaired
mud holes;  cleaned out big slide on North Thompson Road 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 791
Paxon Valley and Grand Prairie.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cut out timber and brush; cut out and removed windfalls; cleaned out gravel banks;
filled ruts; removed loose rocks, and made general surface repairs.
Tappen Siding Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Changed the road to foot hill, round bad mud hole; filled up ruts, and made general
surface repairs.
August.
Kamloops and Savona.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out and made surface repairs.
Six-Mile Creek and Grand Prairie Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Built new bridge near Ingram's; cleaned out and made surface repairs on 6-Mile Creek
Road; removed windfalls and gravelled mud-holes.
September.
South Thompson and Shuswap Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Covered 3 small bridges; cleaned out slides, filled ruts, and removed loose rocks from
Kamloops to Shuswap; cleaned out and made surface repairs on Shuswap and Turtle
Valley Road.
Little Fort Trail.
J. T. Edwards, Foreman.
Length, 64J miles, connecting with the Cariboo waggon road at Bridge Creek.
Removed fallen timber, 10 feet wide, where necessary; graded trail from 18 inches to 3
feet wide, according to nature of country; the latter width was applied to side-hills to
enable animals to pass without rubbing their packs; bridged and corduroyed all creeks
and swampy places.
West Riding.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent
January.
Nicola and Spence's Bridge Road.
Cleaned out slides, filled ruts, and made surface repairs
Granite Creek Road and Princeton Trail.
Geo. P. Cross, Foreman.
Shovelled out snow slides. 792 Public Works Report. 1898
February.
Shovelled out snow slides.
Lytton and Lillooet Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out heavy rock slide, opened water ditches.
Nicola and Spence's Bridge Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out mud-slides, removed rock, repaired washouts.
March.
Lytton and Lillooet Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Built  stone  wall, 115  feet long, 5 feet high; blasted out a number of large boulders;
shovelled out slides; filled up washouts, and made general surface repairs.
Granite Creek Road and Princeton Trail.
Geo P. Cross, Foreman.
Shovelled out gravel slides, filled ruts, cleaned off loose rocks.
Nicola and Spence's Bridge Road.
John Dundas, Foreman.
Cribbed   15 yards, 6 feet high.
Filled in 15       n     3 feet wide, 6 feet deep.
Built double crib bulkhead, 40 feet long, 10 feet high—10  feet  wide at bottom and  6
feet  at  top—filled  with rock to turn course of river away from Nicola Road; cleaned
out slides, filled ruts.
April.
Lytton and Foster's Bar Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cribbed 30 yards, 5 feet high.
Excavated earth 50      n     2-J- feet wide, 12 feet deep.
Filled in 40      „     2 „ 10
Built wall 15       it     4 feet high.
Cleaned out slides, filled up ruts, blasted  a  number  of large  rocks, widened road  at  a
number of places.
Deadman Creek Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides, removed rocks, filled ruts, repaired culverts, and made general surface
repairs.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road.
John Dundas, Foreman.
Cribbed 35 yards, 12 feet high.
Excavated earth 40      m     5 feet wide, 10 feet deep.
Filled in 40      „     3        „ 12
Built 2 bridges, 12 feet by 10 feet by 7 feet.
Repaired a number of culverts; repaired stone  walls; cleaned out slides and ditches;
filled ruts, and made general surface repairs. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 793
Nicola and Granite Creek Road.
Geo. P. Cross, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides; removed loose rocks; cut out and removed windfalls, and made surface
repairs from Princeton to Otter Flat.
May.
Cache Creek and Savona Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Repaired one bridge; shovelled out slides ; removed rocks;   filled up ruts, etc.
Savona and Copper Creek Trail.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out and made general repairs from Savona to Copper Creek.
Deadman Creek and Savona.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides and rocks on Deadman Creek hill; cleaned out and filled ruts between
Savona and Leighton's Ranch.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road,
John Dundas, Foreman.
Cleaned out rock slides; repaired culverts, and made general surface  repairs from Petite
Creek to Armstrong's Hill.
Nicola and Coldwater Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cut out windfalls;   shovelled out slides;   removed rocks ;   repaired culverts and small
bridges, and made general surface repairs from Nicola to Coldwater Valley.
Nicola and Granite Creek Road.
G. P. Cross, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides; cut brush and trees ;   cut out and removed windfalls ;   graded rough
places, and made general repairs from Otter Flat to west branch of Otter River.
June.
Savona and Mammit Lake Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides ;   grubbed stumps;   cut and  removed fallen trees, and made general
surface repairs.
Granite Creek Road.
George P. Cross, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides; cut brush; filled  ruts,  and  made general surface repairs from west
branch of Otter Creek to McCullough's Ranch. 794 Public Works Report. 1898
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
One section man employed keeping road clear of rocks and gravel slides, filling ruts.
Savona and Cache Creek and Deadman's Creek.
Wm. White, Foreman.
Grubbed 400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded    400      „      12
Cribbed     20      .,        7 feet high.
Built a bridge, 16 feet by 10 feet by 12 feet.
Repaired culverts ;   cleaned out mud  and gravel slides ;   filled ruts ;   removed rocks and
made general surface repairs.
July.
Nicola and Granite Creek Road.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Forest cleared 360 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 360      „      10
Graded 360      „      10        ■■
Cribbed 120      „        3
Excavated earth 250      n
ti rock 25      it
Repaired bridges and culverts; cleaned out slides, and made general surface repairs.
Cache Creek and Savona Road, Cornwall's to Ashcroft.
Wm. White, Foreman.
Graded 1,400 yards, 16 feet wide.
Cribbed 25      u        5 feet high.
Excavated earth   700     m      12 feet wide,    2 feet deep.
Filled in 25      „        4        n        by 3    „       '
Stone wall 40     n       4 feet high.
Gravelled 100      n      12        n 10 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Built 3 bridges, 27 feet by 16 feet by 10 feet.
Cleaned out slides ; filled up ruts; removed rocks, and made general surface repairs from
Rocky Point to Ashcroft, from Ashcroft to Cornwall's, and from Ashcroft to Barnes'
Lake.
Granite Creek Road to Princeton.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Forest  cleared  1,000 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,000      „        8
Graded 1,000      ,.        8
July.
Savona and Mammit Lake Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
Built a bridge, 78 feet by 15 feet by 5 feet.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
One section man employed keeping road clear of rock and gravel slides ; filling ruts. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 795
August.
Granite and Princeton.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Grubbed 9,200 yards, 3 feet wide.
Graded 9,200      „     8
Cribbed 300      „     2 feet by 3 feet.
Excavated rock     30      n     3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet by 15 feet by 3 feet.
Widened trail and cut down hills.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
One section man employed keeping road in safe condition for travel.
Nesbit and Goss Road.
Wm. White, Foreman.
Forest cleared     1,400 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,400      „     10
Graded 1,200      „       9
Graded 3,520      „       3
Cribbed 40      „       4
Excavated earth 5,000      n       3        n by 4 feet deep.
Filled in 300      „
Built 3 bridges, 14 feet wide by 12 feet by 6 feet.
Widened out sleigh road from top of Barnes' Hill to Goss' ranch, and made good waggon
road ; distance, 4 miles.
Nicola and Granite Creek Road.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Cleaned out slides; filled ruts ; cut out and removed fallen trees, and made surface repairs from McCollough's Canyon to Granite Creek.
September.
Ashcroft and Pennie's Road.
Wm. White, Foreman.
'Built a waggon road from Nesbit's ranch to Charles Pennie's, 6 miles.
Lytton and Foster's Bar Road.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Cleared out slides ; removed rocks, and made general surface repairs.
Granite and Princeton Road.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Grubbed 7,040 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded    7,040      „      8
Cribbed      347      „      3
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long,   2 feet high and 16 feet wide.
Built a bridge    60       „ 12 feet by 10 feet. 796 Public Works Report. 1898
Nicola and Granite Creek.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
One section man employed keeping the road in safe condition for travel.
Nicola and Spence's Bridge.
A. Stevenson, Foreman.
One section man employed keeping road in safe condition for travel.
October.
Ashcroft and Barnes' Road.
Wm. White, Foreman.
Cut  off points ;   widened out  turns ;   cleaned out sand hill;   widened road, and made
general surface repairs.
Nicola and Spence's Bridge.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Cribbed 42 yards, 3 feet wide.
Excavated earth 500      n      4        n 2 feet deep.
ii rock   100 cubic yards.
Built 5 bridges, 15 feet wide, 11 feet by 3 feet.
Cleaned out slides ; filled ruts; repaired a bridge, put in 1 sill and 2 posts.
Granite Creek and Princeton Road.
R. Trodden, Foreman.
Gravelled 503 yards, 8 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 9 feet by 3 feet.
Completed construction of Granite Creek and Princeton Road.
Made several turning-out places on Nicola-Granite Creek Road.
Cut brush and timber overhanging road ; and made general surface repairs.
Hope-Popcum Road.
Geo. A Goldsbrough, Foreman.
Cleaned out slides ;    repaired and  filled  in   wash-outs ;   cut and cleaned out brush and
ditches, and opened culverts.
January.
Yale-Emory Road.
Built new bridge, 48 feet by 12 feet, 4 to 10 feet high; and cleaned out gulch.
Hope-Popcum Road.
Repaired bridges, wash-outs, and cleaned out slides.
February.
Hope-Popcum Road.
New bridge, 4 miles below Hope, 180 feet by 12 feet by 14 feet.
March.
Built new bent to bridge.
Ditched 1,400 yards by 1 foot.
Gravelled 500 yards by 10 feet by 6 feet.
Made 2 culverts, 6 yards by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Repaired bridges and culverts; also made general repairs. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 797
April.
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
Built bridge, 104 feet by 12 feet by 14 feet.
May.
Graded 600 yards, 5 feet wide.
Repaired bridges, corduroys and cribbings.
Cleaned out slides and rocks.
June.
Hope-Nicola and Similkameen Trail and Hope-Popcum Road.
Cleared forest    200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 1,000      „      12 „
Built culvert, 20 feet by 8 feet by 4 feet.
Made 200 yards of new road, and general repairs.
July.
Hope-Similkameen and Summit City Trail.
Graded 400 yards, 4 feet wide.
Corduroyed 680      n      4        n
Built new bridge, 80 feet by 12 feet by 4 feet.
Cleaned out slides ; repaired corduroys and cribbing ; made general repairs.
August.
Hope-Similkameen Trail and Hope-Popcum Road.
Cleared forest 6,000 yards, 20 feet wide.
Cleaned out loose rocks and slides.
Cut out fallen timber and overhanging brush.
Repaired cribbing and corduroys between Hope and Similkameen.
Filled in holes, and repaired culverts and bridges, between Hope and Popcum.
September.
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
Cleared forest 2,000 yards, 10 feet wide.
Cut out fallen timber and overhanging brush.
Cleaned out loose rocks and slides.
Repaired corduroys, culverts and bridges.
Cleaned out ditches between Hope and Keremeos.
October.
HoPE-SlMILKMEEN   TRAIL   AND   HoPE-PoPCUM   RoAD.
Filled in 20 yards, 20 feet wide, 12 feet deep.
Cut out fallen timber and brush.
Repaired culverts and corduroys.
Cleaned out loose rocks and slides between Hope and Similkameen.
Filled in a bridge with rocks, 20 yards by 20 feet by 12 feet, half mile below Hope on
Hope-Popcum Waggon Road.
Trail to Siwash Creek Mines.
Cut out fallen timber and overhansina' brush. 798
Public Works Report.
1898
Trail, Spuzzum Station to 16-Mile House.
Neil Black, Contractor, $370.
Filled in 280 yards, 6 feet wide, 2 to 7 feet deep.
Made stone wall 280      n      2 to 7 feet deep.
Made a culvert, 10 feet by 8 feet by   3 feet.
Built 3 bridges, 42       „      8       „      15    „
Cleared 240 yards of slide, rock and rubbish.
East Riding.
Northern Division.
Sicamous Road.
Forest cleared
Grubbed 450
Graded 1,400
Excavated earth       12
11 rock        10
Filled in 14
H. R. Parke, Superintendent.
450 yards, 16 feet wide.
10
10
6 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
5        u 1        ii
10        „ 2
Made 1 culvert, 10 feet by 4 feet by 1| feet.
May.
Trinity Valley Road.
Forest cleared 2,000 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,000      „        7
Graded
Ditched
Corduroyed
Gravelled
2,000
80
40
200
8
3
12
7
Made 6 culverts, 10 feet by 4 feet by 1-| feet.
1J,- feet deep.
6 inches deep.
June.
Forest cleared 8,000 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 8,000       „       6
Graded 6,000      n       8
Corduroyed 80      n     10        u
Built 3 bridges, 10 feet by 35 feet.
Burnyeat Trail.
Forest cleared 3,560 yards, 6 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet by 10 feet.
Cherry Creek Road.
Forest cleared      540
yards,
16 feet
wide.
Grubbed               540
10
n
Graded                     73
10
n
Excavated earth   90
8
ii
2 feet deep.
do        rock    58
9
ii
6        n
Cribbed                  94
10
i,
2
Filled                      94
10
ii
4
Stoned                     33
10
ii
4 62 Vict.
Public Works Report
799
July.
Forest cleared     200 yar
ds, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed              200      ,
,      10
Graded                 579      ,
i      10
Cribbed                  63      ,
.      10
4 feet deep.
Excavated earth   75      i
8
3
do       rock    29      i
3
12
do          do    52      i
.     10
4
Stoned                     70
i      12
3
May.
Roads in Vicinity of Vernon.
Removed fallen trees, rocks and slides; repaired culverts, and made general surface repairs on roads leading from Vernon to Okanagan Lake, Okanagan Mission, Coldstream
ranch, Long Lake and Larkin.
Made 2 culverts, 7 feet by 14 feet.
June.
Irish Creek Road.
Forest cleared 500 yards, 15 feet wide.
do       do     800     „     25
Graded 300      n      12        „
O'Keefe's Hill and Road.
Excavated rock, 15 yards, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Graded 2 miles of road from 12 to 25 feet wide and from 3 to 7 feet deep.    Half the cost
of this work, viz., $200, was contributed by the Municipality of Spallumcheen.
July.
Gold Hill Road.
Graded 3,520 yards, 9 feet wide, 1 to 4 feet deep.
Excavated rock        50      n      9        n 2 n
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1|- feet.
Six- reek Road.
Graded, widened and cleared 500 yards, 3 feet wide.
August.
Siwash Creek Road.
Graded and widened 500 yards, 10 feet wide.
April and May.
Cook's Road from Enderby.
Grubbed 5,280 yards,   8 feet wide.
Graded   5,280      „      10
Ditched     500      „        3        „ 2 feet deep.
Made 6 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 75 feet by 16 feet.
May.
Deep Creek Road.
Ditched 300 yards, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made 7 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet, and general surface repairs to road June.
Hupple's Road.
Forest cleared 1,300 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,300      ,.        8
Graded 1,300 8        „        2 feet deep.
Mara Road.
Gravelled     400 yards,   8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Corduroyed   50      n      14        n
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 14 feet, and made general surface repairs to 10 miles of road.
June and July.
Salmon River Road.
Forest cleared 1,300 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,300      „        8        n
Graded 1,200      „      10        n 21 feet deep.
Ditched 150      „       4        „ 2 „
Gravelled 150      n        8        m 6 inches deep.
July.
Fortune's Road.
Ditched    500 yards,   4 feet wide, H feet deep.
Graded     500      „      20
Gravelled 500      n        8        n 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Repaired bridge.
Vernon Road (near Enderby).
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet, with general surface repairs and gravel along
road.
Sicamous Road.
Ditched 1,000 yards, 3 feet wide, 2| feet deep.
Made 6 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet; and general surface repairs to road.
March.
Enderby Bridge.
Put sway braces on bridge.
Cleared water-courses and cut trees on river bank.
October.
Deep Creek Road.
Re-built 1 bridge, 25 feet by 14 feet.
Ditched and gravelled several soft places.
Salmon Arm Road.
Removed fallen trees after wind storm.
Fortune's Bridge.
Re-placed 17 broken planks. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 801
August.
Trout Creek Road.
Graded (side hill) 400 yards, 9 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Cribbed 300      i,      2 feet deep.
Built 600      ii      wire fence to protect grade from cattle.
Jitne.
Trail, west side Okanagan Lake.
Removed fallen trees and cleared trail, 30 miles.
Built 1 bridge, 18 feet by 12 feet.
July.
White Valley Road.
Repaired 1 bridge, 16 feet by 14 feet.
Filled holes and levelled road, 2 miles.
October.
Re-built 1 bridge, 12 feet by 12 feet, covered with 3-inch plank.
April.
McIlvanie's Saw-mill Road.
Forest cleared 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 200      n        8        „
Graded 200      „      10
Built 1 bridge, 45 feet by 14 feet; 4 stringers ; floored with 3-inch plank.
Made general surface repairs on road from Saw Mill to main road, at McCalla's,   3 miles.
October.
Built 2 bridges, 28 feet by 14 feet, and 42 feet by 16 feet; floored with 3-inch plank.
August.
Forster's Road, Long Lake.
Removed rock and land slides ; widened road 3 feet.
Murk's Road (Commonage).
Graded 2 miles, 8 feet wide.
July.
Fire Valley Trail.
Removed fallen trees and cleared trail from Monashee Mine to West Kootenay Line.
September.
Allanson's Road.
Connecting Murk's road with Grant's road, on the Commonage.
Graded 1 mile, 8 feet wide, 1 foot to \\ feet deep (side hill).
Commonage Road.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Widened a portion of road near Palmer's.
Removed rocks and earth slides from Fahrin's place to Carr's. August.
Naylor's Road.
Corduroy, side hill and forest cleared, ^ mile.
June.
Vernon and Okanagan Mission Road.
Removed rocks and earth slides.
Re-built 5 culverts.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Filled in mud holes, and general surface repairs to road.
August, September.
Squaw Valley Trail.
Forest cleared 7 miles, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 7      n       8        n
Corduroyed   40   feet,   10        n
July.
Camp Hewitt Wharf.
Built 1 wharf, 125 feet long, 16 feet wide ; drove 8 bents of 4 piles each ; drove 8 fender
piles ; caps and stringers drift-bolted, and covered with 2-inch plank.
June.
Peachland Wharf.
Drove 4 bents of 4 piles each ; drove 8 fender piles.
July.
Peachland and Glen Robinson Road.    F. H. Latimer, D. L. S.
Surveyed and located line of proposed road, 16A miles ; took levels ; set grade stakes and
prepared estimate.
Enderby Lock-Up.
Constructed building 16 feet by 24 feet, containing magistrate's room, 16 feet by 16 feet,
and 1 cell, 8 feet by 16 feet; the cell is constructed of 2-inch by 6-inch laid flat and
nailed every 12 inches with 5-inch wire nails; the court room is lined with V joint ;
the whole building sheeted outside with rustic ; painted inside and out with 2 coats of
paint; hip roof shingled ; brick chimney, and water-closet at rear of building.
September.
Tool and Implement House,  Vernon.
Constructed 1 building, 16 feet by 42 feet; 8-foot walls ; shingled roof,
Mabel Lake Trail.
Forest cleared   6| miles, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 6|      n       5        u
Graded 400 yards,  5 n 2 feet deep.
July.
Blue Spring Road.
Repaired road near Blue Spring.
Cleared out side hill grade ; filled holes, and levelled about 1 mile. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 803
June.
Creighton Valley Road.
Corduroyed 7 yards, 10 feet wide.
Re-built 2 culverts, 12 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Repaired 1 bridge, and filled hole at approach ; made general repairs to road, filling and
levelling about 5 miles.
Harris Creek Road.
Graded 5,000 yards, 9 feet wide.
Road South from Lumby.
Graded     150 yards, 12   feet wide.
Ditched    150      n        3|-        n 2 feet to 4 feet deep.
Cribbed      40 feet,    12 „ 3 feet deep.
Filled in     40      „      12 „ 3
Gravelled 100 yards, 12 n 5 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet by 16 feet by 4 feet deep; 4 stringers covered with 3-inch plank.
June, July.
Road North from Lumby.
Forest cleared 2,500 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,500      „ 15
Graded 400      „ 25
Ditched 400      n        3        .,           2 feet deep.
Filled in 17      „ 15        „           3        „
Gravelled 250      n        8         n           6 inches deep.
Re-built 1 culvert, 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
June.
Road South of Mission Creek.
Excavated 50 yards, 3 feet wide, 8 feet deep.
August.
Built 1 bridge, 25 feet by 16 feet by 6 feet, covered with 2-inch plank.
October.
Kelowna and Benvoulin Roads.
Made 1 culvert   6 feet by 16 feet by 3 feet.
Repaired  8       n 6        n       16        n      3     ii
Built 1 bridge, 22        n       16        n      3     n
Gravelled 150 yards, 8 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
April.
Black Mountain Road.
Removed stones from roadway and levelled road.
Graded (side hill) 150 yards, 9 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 3 bridges over irrigation ditches.
April.
Barclay's Wharf.
Drove 18 fender piles. June.
Gartrell's Wharf.
Drove 8 fender piles.
April.
Benvoulin and Mission Road.
Gravelled 3,000 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 54 feet by 16 feet; approaches, 72 feet = 126 feet over all, covered with
2-inch plank ; with hand-rail.
Government Office, Vernon.
Built fire-proof vault, 12 feet by 8 feet inside ; foundation and floor made of rock and
cement 2 feet deep. Brick walls 2 feet thick, covered with brick arch 16 inches thick,
and tin roof.
Lumby School-house.
Louis Didillier, Contractor, $750.
Furnished all necessary labour and material, and erected a building upon the plans for a
country school-house.
Vernon Gaol.
Purchased 10 acres for site, $850.00; cleared 1 acre of same; made the necessary excavation for cellar and foundations; purchased the necessary cement, lime and rock, for
foundation walls, and hauled same to the ground ; constructed part of the foundation
walls (about one-fourth).    Erected a temporary tool-house on the ground.
Mara Bridge.
Constructed 1 bridge, 655 feet in length, 16 feet wide; consisting of 8 spans of 20 feet
each, 6 spans of 65 feet each, 1 span of 60 feet, and 1 of 40 feet, resting on 40 foot
cedar piles, driven from 20 to 25 feet in the ground, and thoroughly sway braced; caps
12 feet by 14 feet, drift-bolted to piles with f-inch iron bolts, 30 inches long; four
stringers resting on corbells 10 inches by 14 inches, 12 feet long, on the long spans, and
6 feet long for the 20-foot spans; 7 spans are trussed, and the whole bridge floored
with 3-inch plank, laid on diagonally and spiked at each stringer with two 7-inch wire
spikes ; hand-rails, 4 inches by 4 inches, properly braced and spiked.
Mara School-house.
Samuel Bowell, Contractor, $670.00.
Provided everything necessary and built a country school-house in accordance with the
general plan for such structures.
Southern Division.
James A. Schubert, Superintendent.
Penticton and Okanagan Falls Road.
Repaired 13 miles of main waggon road between Penticton and Okanagan Falls.
Removed rocks and slides.
Graded 200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Dog Lake.
Repaired road around sand hills.
Graded 150 yards, 12 feet wide.
Filled    100      ,.      12
Removed rocks and slides, and made general surface repairs to road leading from Penticton to Okanagan Falls. Vict. Public Works Report. 805
Penticton Swing Bridge.
Built 1 swing bridge; length of bridge, 98 feet; width, 12 feet; length of approaches,
122 feet—220 feet over all; channel, 40 feet in clear; tower, 8-in. by 8-in. posts;
height, 34 feet; truss rods, 1J inches by 46 feet and 58 feet long; stringers, 12 inches
by 15 inches; joists, 2 inches by 12 inches; planking, 3 inches by 12 inches; handrail, 4 inches by 4 inches.
Osoyoos Bridge.
Repaired bridge.
Lengthened approaches from 20 feet to 36 feet at each end, covered with flattened poles.
Filled with gravel, 100 yards long by 12 feet wide.
Osoyoos Road.
Made general repairs to road between Osoyoos   and Richter's.
Filled in wash-outs and removed slides.
Penticton and Fairview Road.
Made general surface repairs to road.
Let water off road and filled ruts.
Made 2 culverts, 6 feet by 16 feet.
Turnpiked 300 yards of soft road near Penticton Bridge.
Gravelled   300      n    10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
McCuddy's to Camp McKinney.
Removed stumps, filled ruts, and made general surface repairs to road.
Grand Forks Bridge.
F. Cooper, Contractor.
Contract let by citizens of Grand Forks, with $1,000 assistance contributed by the Gov-
ment. Built 1 Queen truss bridge, 200 feet in length, 16 feet in width, resting on 2
stone piers in channel, and stone abutments at each end; stringers made of 2-inch by
16-inch planks bolted together; truss rods, 1 J-inch ; covered with 3-inch planks.
Greenwood to Rock Creek.
Repaired road, fixed bridge, removed rocks and slides.
West Fork of Kettle River.
Cut out and repaired trail a distance of 18 miles.
West Fork Ferry.
Built ferry boat, 8 feet by 16 feet, with false bottom; planks, 2 inches by 12 inches;
timbers, 4 inches by 6 inches; cable, 1-inch rope, with block and gear.
Ferry at Johnson's Crossing.
Built ferryboat, 14 feet by 22 feet, with double bottom; 2-inch by 12-inch planks; 4-inch
by 6-inch timbers; 1-inch wire cable, with blocks and gear.
May.
McCuddy's to Camp McKinney.
Corduroyed 100 yards.
Gravelled       50      n      and made general surface repairs. Penticton to Fairview.
Cleared out sand hills.
Graded 150 yards, 12 feet wide.
Removed drift-logs and slides and made general repairs to road.
Greenwood to Fourth of July Creek.
Corduroyed 100 yards, 16 feet wide.
Ditched        100      „   '    3
And made general repairs to road from Greenwood to Summit.
Keremeos Road.
Cleared  slides and  fills,  and  made general   repairs to road  between F.  Richter's and
Osoyoos Road.
Made 2 culverts, 6 feet by 16 feet.
And made general repairs to road from Rock Bluff to Indian Reservation.
June.
Camp McKinney.
Repaired road from Camp McKinney to McCuddy's.
Turnpiked    100 yards.
Gravelled     200      „      12 feet wide.
Corduroyed 100      n      14        n
Made 1 culvert, 6 feet by 16 feet.
Saw Mill Creek.
Replaced bridge after being taken out by freshet; and road-bed cleared and repaired.
Rock Creek to Camp McKinney.
Repaired road ; removed stumps and slides ; repaired washouts.
Made 4 culverts, 3 by 16 by 1|.
Penticton Wharf.
Drove 30 piles from 5 to 8 feet  deep, with  2,200B>. hammer;   and put wharf in  good
repair.
Fairview.
Damage caused by washout between Post Office and Shatford & Co's. store.
Made new road 200 yards.
Forest cleared   300     n
Gravelled 300      „
Filled in 100      „
Made 2 culverts, 6 feet by 16 feet.
Fairview and Penticton Road.
Graded 400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 3 feet by 16 feet.
This work was occasioned by a small lake rising over the old road, one mile north of
Fairview.
Cascade and Grand Forks Road.
Filled ruts ; removed stones ; blasted out grade near Johnston's.
Repaired culverts and filled mud holes with gravel. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 807
Dewdney Trail.
Chopped out fallen timber; removed rocks; and put trail in good repair to Sharp's Creek.
Road from Volcanic to Pathfinder Mine.
Built by Pathfinder Mining Co., with $250.00 assistance from Government.
Greenwood and Grand Prairie.
Repaired road ; removed rocks and slides.
Graded  50 yards, 12 feet wide.
Cleared 70      „      30
Rock Creek and Greenwood.
Repaired road ; removed rocks, slides, fallen timber and stumps.
Graded 600 yards, 14 feet wide.
Sidling places graded.
September.
Greenwood and Snow Shoe Mine.
Repaired road.
Ditched        100 yards.
Corduroyed  100      n      16 feet wide.
October.
Greenwood and Grand Prairie.
Filled ruts.
Gravelled 100 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts, 2 feet by 16 feet.
General repairs to road.
November.
Greenwood and Summit.
Repaired road.
Gravelled 100 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 4 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet.
Cleared out rocks and slides, and repaired the road generally between Greenwood and the
Winnipeg Mine.
Dog Lake and Penticton.
Cleared out sand and slides.
Graded 200 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts, 6 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Repaired road generally between Penticton and Okanagan Falls.
Recorder's Office, Fairview.
Erected building for Recorder's office and residence; the entrance into the office is from
the east side. Main office, 16 feet 6 inches by 20 feet 6 inches ; private office, 12 feet
by 16 feet, having a door to main office and to residence part of building, which consists of : 2 rooms, 13 feet 6 inches by 14 feet; 1 room, 12 feet 6 inches by 16 feet; 1
room, 16 feet by 20 feet; closets and kitchen, 10 feet by 16 feet 6 inches ; 12 foot
ceiling throughout the building. Interior of building plastered, 2 coats, sand finish ;
double floors with paper between. Outside walls covered with ship-lap, paper and
rustic.    Wood-shed and out-buildings. 30
feet wide.
12
ii
9
ii
H
ii
16
ii
9
ii
Dog Lake and Okanagan Falls Road.
Graded 500 yards, 9 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet by 16 feet by 4 feet.
Graded 1,000 yards,   9 feet wide.
Excavated earth       50 feet,       8 n
Filled in 10 yards, 10 n
Made 1 culvert,    4 feet by 16 feet by 2 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge,   16       .,1.6       .,5
Total length of new road, about 3 miles, running from Okanagan Falls to J. Matheson's
pre-emption ; nature of soil, hard and rocky.
June.
Fairview and Keremeos.    New Road.
Forest cleared 1,700 yards, 30 feet wide.
Graded 1,700      „   '    9
Corduroyed 30      n      16 n
Built 2 bridges, 12 feet by 16 feet.
July.
Forest cleared 6,800 yards,
Grubbed 6,800      „
Graded 5,100      „
Ditched 20      „
Corduroyed 40      n
Excavated 5      n
Made 2 culverts, 1|- feet by 16 feet.
Built 4 bridges,   5\       n      16    n
August.
Forest cleared 2,000 yards, 30   feet wide.
Grubbed 2,000      „      12
Graded 3,500      „        9
Ditched 100     »       1J      ,»
Corduroyed 20      n      16 n
Made 5 culverts, 2 feet by 16 feet.
Built 3 bridges,    3        n       16     n
Total length of new road, about 12 miles; elevation between Fairview and Summit,
about 1,500 feet; elevation from Keremeos to Summit, about 2,000 feet. Nature of
country through which it is made : hilly and heavy underbrush, 8 miles; open and
easy to build, 4 miles.
School-House at Fairview.
E. D. Boeing, Contractor, $1,150.
Supplied all necessary materials, and erected a frame building in accordance with plans
and specifications for country school-house (large size).
Okanagan Falls School-House.
Robt. Mcintosh, Contractor, $700.
Furnished all requisites, and erected a frame building as per plan for ordinary country
schools. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 809
Main Trunk Road.
Section 2.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
March.
Shovelled out slides ; filled ruts ; removed loose rocks, and made general repairs.
April.
Cleaned out slides; removed rocks; filled ruts ; repaired culverts, and made general surface repairs from Spence's Bridge to Cache Creek.
May.
Cleaned out slides and loose rocks ; filled ruts ; repaired culverts; cleaned out ditches,
and made general surface repairs from Jackass Mountain to Spence's Bridge.
July.
Cleaned out slides; filled in ruts, and made general surface repairs.
Sections 1 and 2.
October.
Cleaned out slides; repaired culverts, and made general surface repairs between Lytton
and Jackass Mountain.
Sections 3 and 4.
Archibald McDonald, Road Superintendent.
During March and April section men diverted snow water on Soda Creek hill, Bridge
Creek hill and Clinton hill.
Forest cleared 2,775 yards by 50   feet wide.
Graded 3,100        „ 4 n
Ditched 4,530 „ 2\ „ by    1J feet deep.
do 560        „ 3 „ 1 „
Filled in rock        65 n        14 ., 15 inches deep.
Gravelled 3,950 „        13 ,, 12 .,
do 960        „        14 „ 18
Made 12 culverts, averaging 20 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet.
Built 2 bridges, averaging 16 feet by 35 feet by 4 feet.
Re-covered 2 bridges, 15 feet by 25 feet long.
Re-covered Hat Creek Bridge, 35 feet long.
A cart road  1,000 yards in length had to be made from the 103-Mile Flat to the gravel
pits, over which the 960 yards of gravel was hauled.
Large rocks in road-bed between the 70 and 76-Mile Posts were removed, and holes filled
in ; culvert made, ditches filled, and bad places repaired on old road between the  134
and 137-Mile Posts.
Cleared off loose rocks twice during the season from Hat Creek to Soda Creek.
Winter Road Between 112 and 115 Mile Posts.
Cut out timber and brush, and widened road 6 feet on each side ; cut down knolls and
filled hollows between with logs and earth ; raised and repaired bridge across gulch on
McKinlay Flat. 810
Public Works Report.
1898
Forest clearing
Grubbed
Graded
Ditched
Cribbed
Excavated earth
do rock
Filled in
Stoned
Gravelled
Sections 5 and 6, Main Trunk Road.
J. St. Laurent, Superintendent.
22,475 yards, 23 feet wide.
5,288
2,194
11,769
479
7,745
315
682
7,300
10,280
17
8
3
3 feet high,
square.
10 feet wide.
9 n 8 inches deep.
Built 60 culverts, aggregating 212 feet, 18 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Built 2 bridges, aggregating 38 feet, 18 feet wide, 8 feet deep.
Repairing break-water below Quesnelle River bridge to prevent washing away the road ;
drove 12 piles, planked 12 feet high and 36 feet long ; repaired Quesnelle River pier;
drove 18 piles, 10 to 14 feet deep ; put in 8 caps 12 by 12, and planked to the water ;
built a break-water above Quesnelle River bridge to prevent washing away the approach, constructed with 2 rows of piles 3 feet apart, and planked with 3-inch plank,
12 feet high, and 80 feet in length ; in addition to the foregoing work all bridges and
culverts have been repaired ; ditches cleaned out; fallen timbers, rocks and slides
cleared away, and all necessary repairs over both sections.
Willow River Section (1| miles in length).
Constructed \ mile of new road including a bridge 45 feet long, 12 feet high and 14 feet
wide, and the whole mile and a half put in good order for heavily loaded teams.
Lillooet District.
Lillooet-Lytton   Road.
Archibald McDonald, Road Superintendent.
Cut down scattering timber; grubbed out stumps on 10|- miles of line of road.
Graded
1,850 vards
by 10 feet wide.
Grubbed
1,650
10
Cribbed
120
5        ,
i        by 8 feet high.
,,
205
5
4
II
ii
850
4
3
II
Excavated earth
3,200
5        ,
8
II
n
3,100
5
5
11
,,
8,900
4        ,
4
1!
ii
10,300
4
3
II
ii
2,300
3
2
M
Excavated loose rock
1,450
6
4
I,
Filled in
650
3        ,
i             2
II
Ditched
85
2
i              2
feet deep.
Made 6 culverts,
averaging 15 feet by 5 feet
by 4 feet.
Built 10 bridges
15
,      10      „
5    „ 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 811
In addition to the above, 6 bridges, averaging 35 feet long have been built, at the little
slide, on log abutments, averaging 9 feet high; the abutments filled in with rock and
gravel; covered with 3-inch plank.
On the big slide portion, 520 yards of rock have been excavated on the line of road,
averaging 4 feet wide by 3 feet deep.
About 3 miles of this road yet remain to be completed.
West Riding,
Archibald McDonald, Road Superintendent.
Lillooet-Clinton Road.
Cut out ice on road and cleared off rock and gravel slides during the winter on the cut-off',
near Fraser River Bridge.
Graded    3,780 yards by 3J feet wide.
Ditched      335        „        2 „
Re-covered, with plank, bridge over 11-Mile Creek.
Re-covered, with timber, bridge over 32-Mile Creek.
Filled in old drain and put in new plank drain to carry creek across road at the 34-Mile
Post.
Raised the rock-retaining wall against the inner bank at the cut-off, 2 feet by 100 yards
in length.
Cleared off'loose rocks and gravel slides twice during the season between Lillooet and 15-
Mile Post,
Marble Canyon Road.
Graded 1,625 yards by 3J feet wide.
Cribbed 25        n        6 n        by 6 feet high.
Excavated earth     185        n        8 n 1 foot deep.
ii rock       170        ii        5 ii 4 feet deep.
Gravelled 225        n        9 ., 9 inches deep.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 15 feet by 12 feet by 5 feet.
Made general surface repairs, and put in good order from 22-Mile Post to head of Marble
Canyon, 13 miles.
Cayoosh Creek Road.
Graded 1,725 yards by   3 feet wide.
Excavated rock 9 ,, 10 n by 1 foot deep.
Filled in 35        „ 8 „ 1
Cleared off snow, rock and timber slides twice during winter.
Cleared off gravel slides and loose rocks, three times during the season.
Chadwick-Hoey Road.
Excavated earth, 150 yards by 5 feet wide by 4   feet deep.
rock    125        „        4 „ 11
Cleared off gravel slides ; filled in wash-outs ; levelled and put in good order from the
Lillooet Mills to Dickey's, 10 miles.
Gang Ranch-St. Mary's Creek Ferry Road.
Cleared off gravel slides; filled in wash-outs, and made general surface repairs.
Empire Valley-St. Mary's Creek Ferry Road.
Graded 225 yards by 4 feet wide.
Excavated earth    85        n        4 n by 4 feet deep.
Cleared off loose rocks and gravel slides from Ferry to Empire Valley; raised and put solid
rock foundation under south abutment of St. Mary's Creek Bridge, undermined by
high water in May ; blasted rock and widened west approach to ferry. Bridge River Trail, Seaton Lake to Cadwallader Creek.
Grubbed 5    miles, 3|- feet wide.
Excavated earth    8J     n      3J n by 1|- feet deep.
ii rock   55   yards, 1J        n 1 foot deep.
ii earth    3Jr miles, 2\ n 1 n
Made 5 culverts, averaging 10 feet by 8 feet by 3 J feet.
Built 1 bridge, 13 feet by     90 feet by 8     n
10      „   "    110      ii      7    n
Cut off timber and brush, and graded in places  a  new  trail from   the  " Forty Thieves "
Mineral Claim, south, 1| miles.
Cut off timber and brush, and fixed  bad  spots  between  the   " Bend Or "  Mineral Claim
and Hawthorne Creek, 4 miles.
A row-boat ferry was maintained at Jack's Landing during the season.    This trail where
it crosses Mission Mountain was constructed on waggon road grade for a distance of
8J miles.
Trail, west side of Fraser River.
Graded 1,050 yards by 2   feet wide.
Excavated earth 3,540 „ 2\ n by 1    foot deep.
ii     1,450       „        8£       ii H
Made necessary repairs from Bridge River to Fountain Point, a distance of 3 miles.
Cleared off slides and loose rocks from the  24-Mile Post to High Bar, 18 miles.    Graded
and put in order the trail from the winter crossing to the ferry, 2 miles.
Howe Sound Trail and Pemberton Portage.
Graded 1,160 yards by
Corduroyed 60        n
Excavated earth        85 ., 5 ii by  2   feet deep.
rock 32 ,, 3 n H
Filled in 26 „ 3 n l|
Built 3 bridges, averaging 7 yards by 30 feet wide by 5 feet.
Built new bridge over Birkenhead River to replace old  one carried away by high  water,
12 feet wide, span 55 feet, 4 stringers 12 by 16 resting on corbels, supported  by two
log abutments filled with rock.
Cleared off slides and rocks,  and put  trail  in good order  from foot  of  Seaton Lake to
Bridge River Trail.    Cut out fallen timber round Anderson Lake.
Vault at Lillooet.
Joseph Norton, Contractor, $400.
Built vault adjoining Lillooet Office ; furnished plant, labour, brick, and lime ; wall aud
arched roof, 1 foot 6 inches thick ; inside measurement, 9 feet 6 inches long by 4 feet
4 inches wide ; height from floor to inner face of arch, 9 feet, plastered inside; iron
binders, 1 inch by 2 inches, enclose the building on the outside, both ends and sides;
iron doors supplied from the old Lands and Works Department, Victoria.
School-House, Lillooet.
Duguid & Miller, Contractors, $1,355.
Furnished all plant, labour, and material, and completed a frame building in conformity
with the plan and specifications. „
21
feet
wide
10
i
0
,
3
,
3
1 62 Vict.
Publtc Works Report.
813
108-Mile Road to Horsefly.
Archibald McDonald, Road Superintendent.
Graded
220 yards by 4 feet wide
Ditched
325       „         2
by 1 foot deep.
Corduroyed
110       „         9
Excavated earth,
410       „         6
by 2 feet deep.
Gravelled
320       „        8
by 8 inches deep
Made 4 culverts, averaging 10 feet by 5 feet by 2J feet.
Cut down knolls and filled in hollows.
East Riding.
Archibald McDonald, Road Superintendent.
Dog Creek Road.
Graded
1,225        ,
i         3
Ditched
480        i
,         3
Cribbed
115
5
Filled in
185
4
Gravelled
450
8
ii
320
10
Forest cleared 2,100 yards by 30 feet wide.
ii
ii by 1J feet deep.
feet by 4 feet.
M      2     ii
feet wide by 10 inches.
„     9      .,
Made 3 culverts, averaging 15 feet by   5 feet by 3 feet.
Built 2 bridges,        „ 15       ,,     30       „     4
Removed large rocks in road-bed, south of Haller's, and filled in and levelled road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel slides from Kelly's Lake to Dog Creek.
ii ii ii ii ii    Dog Creek to St. Peter's Springs.
ii ii ii ii     second time from Alkali Lake to St. Peter's Springs.
Cut out snow drifts and fallen timber north of Kelly's Lake.
Hat Creek Road.
Forest cleared         230 ys
irds by 30 feet wide.
Graded                 2,800
3
Ditched                   190
3
by 1 foot deep.
Excavated earth     675
5
by 3
Filled in                     85
4
by 1
Gravelled                  130
8
by 9 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 16 feet by 5 feet by 4 feet.
Cleared off gravel slides and snow-drifts during winter.
Built 4 new abutments—outside the old ones—for 2 bridges, 10 feet high by 11 feet wide,
and re-covered both with new covering.
Rocky Springs Road.
Graded 480 yards by 3 feet wide.
Excavated earth 1,800 n       4 n by 3 feet deep.
Repaired 3 bridges near Raphael's.
Repaired bridge over the 57-Mile Creek.
Removed from  road-bed, rocks and  small  stumps  from  59-Mile  Post to Beaver Dam.
Removed large rocks; filled in holes and  low places; grubbed out stumps ; graded and
put in order from the 57-Mile Post to Truran's.
Big Bar Road.
Graded    780 yards by 3 feet wide.
Filled in 195 ,,       4 ,, by 11 feet deep.
Cleared off loose rocks and gravel slides; filled in ruts and put road in good order. 814 Public Works Report. 1898
Upper Dog Creek Road.
Graded 460 yards by   2\ feet wide.
Excavated earth 110 n 3 n by 1 foot deep.
Cleared off rocks and gravel slides, Dog Creek to Pigeon's, 12 miles.
Blasted and removed large rocks in road-bed at the 10-Mile Post.
Cribbed 25 yards by 6 feet wide by 4 feet high ; removed slides, and made surface repairs
over 3 miles.
Upper Hat Creek Road.
Graded 850 yards by 2 feet wide.
Placed new covering on some of the bridges ;   cut out  timber and brush jams above
bridges; and made general surface repairs over 10 miles.
Canoe Creek Road to Canoe Creek Ferry.
Forest cleared      155
yards by
20 feet wide.
Grubbed                  95
ii
10        „
Graded                  325
ii
5
Ditched                135
ii
2         ii
Excavated earth  185
ii
4        ii          3   feet deep
Filled in                  85
ii
4        ii          11        ii
Made 3 culverts, averaging 10 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet.
Cleared off gravel slides and loose rock from Canoe Creek House to the Ferry.
Rayson Road.
Removed rocks and levelled road near the 4-Mile Post.
Removed large rocks, filled in low places, graded and  put in good order 4 miles of  road
between Janes' and Rayson's.
Cut out fallen timber on winter road to Haller's.
Canim Lake Road.
Forest cleared 5,100 yards by 30 feet wide.
Graded 80        ,, 8
Ditched 35        n 3        n 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 30        n 8        n 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 12 feet by 5 feet by 1| feet.
Put on 45 feet of railing on bridge across Bridge Creek.
Mound-Upper Bonaparte Road.
Cleared off loose rocks and gravel slides from Pollard's to the Mound.
Cut down knolls, filled hollows, graded and made road passable to Jamieson's.
116-Mile Post-Horsefly Road.
Graded 220 yards by 3 feet wide.
Corduroyed 35        n        9        ..
Excavated earth 650        n        4        n by \\ feet deep.
Blasted and removed large rocks from road-bed, and filled in hollows.
Dog Creek-Bridge Creek Road.
Forest cleared      1,400 yards by 20   feet wide.
Excavated earth 1,550 n 2\ ,. by 1 foot deep.
Filled in 65        „ 3^        „ 1
This is now a passable road, summer and winter, from Bridge Creek to Meason's, 12 miles. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 815
Bridge Creek-Horse Lake Road.
Graded 155 yards by  3 feet wide.
Excavated earth 280 n 3J       n by 1 foot deep.
Filled in hollows, and made general repairs over 7 miles.
Bridge across Bonaparte River, 40-foot span; 4 stringers, covered with 3-inch plank, supported by two abutments, 6 feet high, 8 feet wide and 12 feet long, filled with rock
covered with gravel.
Deadman's Creek Road.
Excavated earth 400 yards by 1 foot wide by 2\ feet deep.
Cut out \ mile new road round, and cut out \ mile new road above, Williams' ranch.
Crow's Bar Road.
Graded 675 yards by 2^ feet wide.
Cleared off rock and gravel slides, and made general surface repairs over 14 miles.
The Government Buildings in the East and West Ridings of the district are in a thorough
state of repair.
Cariboo District.
Jos. St. Laurent, Superintendent.
Summit Creek.
Graded 3,010 yards,   8 feet wide.
Corduroyed       70      n      14 n
Cribbed 121      ii        6        n 6 inches high.
Excavated rock 754 cubic yards.
Made 9 culverts, aggregating 28 feet, 15 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Made 2 bridges aggregating 97 feet by 14 feet by 5 feet.
Barkerville and Lightning Creek Divisions.
The necessary repairs have been made to the following roads and trails : Grouse-Antler
Creek, Stout's Gulch, Mosquito Creek, Bear Lake, Shepherd Creek, Canadian Creek,
Summit Creek, Willow River, Stanley-Barkerville (old road), Dragon Creek, Hard-
scrabble Creek, Lowhee Creek, and Slough Creek graded.
Grouse and Antler Creek.
Repaired road 200 yards, 8 feet wide.
Widened road 2 feet for 900 yards, and made general repairs.
Slough Creek-Willows River Road.
Forest clearing 4,400 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,400      „      10
Graded 4,400      „        8
Built a bridge 80 feet long, 15 feet wide and 10 feet high.
Filled 1 pier with rocks, 10 feet high.
Filled 1 abutment with rocks. 816 Public Works Report. 1898
Quesnelle River Road.
Forest cleared      5,450 y
irds, 20 feet wide.
Graded                  4,200
it       8        ii
Grubbed               4,200
ii       8        ii
Corduroyed               50
.,      12
Cribbed                     86
ii      10 feet high.
Excavated earth 1,450
ii        8 feet wide, 4| feet deep.
Filled in 80 cubic yards.
Made 2 culverts, averaging  8 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4 feet deep
do 7 bridges             n
64        ii         14        ii         9        ii
Quesnelle, Alexandria, Williams Lake and Chilcotin Divisions.
Quesnelle-Hazelton Trails.
Repaired 350 miles.
Forest cleared   62 miles, 8 feet wide.
Graded 50 yards, 3 n
Corduroyed     657      n     6        n
Built a bridge 150 feet long, 10 feet wide and 10 feet high ; built 3 piers 9 feet high and
7 feet wide, and filled same with brush, there being no rock in the vicinity.
Built 23 bridges, aggregating 564 feet by 6 feet wide, and 3 to 10 feet high.
Corduroyed old bridges, and repaired culverts.
This trail is now in good repair.
Hazelton-Telegraph Creek Trail.
A party was sent out from Quesnelle early in the spring to open this trail, but, owing to
difficulties encountered, little work was accomplished. A distance of 1,400 miles
was covered, and all standing and fallen timber cut out to Telegraph Creek. Canoes
were built for use of travellers to cross the large streams.
Omineca Trail.
Capt. Black cut out all fallen timber on this trail, and Col. Wright repaired all bridges
and corduroy roads.
Williams Lake Valley Road (from 150-Mile House to Pinchbeck Farm, from Pinchbeck
to Chimney Creek, from 150-Mile House to Williams Lake, from Eagle Farm to Alkali
Lake, and the road through the valley).
The above roads and all the bridges are in good condition and repair.
The necessary repairs have been made to the following roads and trails :—
Roads—Springfield Farm, Sunnyside Farm.
Trail—West side of Fraser River.
Chilcotin Roads.
Forest clearing,       900 yards, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 900      „      10
Graded 900      „      10
Earth excavated, 1,400      n        8 n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 1,200      ,,       8        ,,        2
Gravelled 300      n       8        n        8 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, aggregating 16 feet by 16 feet wide.
Made general repairs to all bridges and culverts.
Removed loose rocks from road-beds. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 817
Quesnelle Forks Bridge.
Built new pier; moved pile-driver and repaired frame; drove 90 piles and planked 7 feet
high; drove 4 piles to keep abutment at one end of bridge, with cap to support
stringers, and bolted same to sills and stringers.
Quesnelle Forks Works to Protect Town Property.
Drove 125 piles opposite the slide; planked 7 feet high; filled in space between bank
and backwater with brush and rocks ; drove 23 piles to keep cribbing adjacent to
bridge from sliding.
150-MlLE   HOUSE-QUESNELLE   FORKS   ROAD.
Re-built all bridges, gravelled, corduroyed, put in culverts, and made general repairs the
entire length of the road.
Alexandria-Beaver Lake Road.
Generally repaired and put in a state of thorough efficiency.
New Road from Quesnelle Forks to Horsefly.
Extended from last year's work a distance of 7 miles through a densely timbered country.
Road from Quesnelle Lake to Black Bear Creek.
Made available for use during the winter.
West Kootenay District.
Revelstoke Riding.
Town of Revelstoke.
George Leforme, Foreman.
Stumped and logged 100 yards, 60 feet wide on Second Street.
Grubbed 100      „     12
Gravelled 600      „     12        n
Made 3 culverts, averaging 30 feet by 12 inches by 24 inches.
The gravelling consisted of filling holes on the different streets with broken rock, and
generally repairing the streets.
Revelstoke to the Canyon of the Columbia River Road.
Frank Barnard, Foreman.
Forest cleared    4,300 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed
4,300      ,
12
Stumped
4,300      ,
12
Logged
4,300      ,
12
Graded
6,060      ,
12
Corduroyed
100     ,
12
Cribbed
200     ,
12
Excavated rock
100     ,
7
Made 2 culverts 12 feet wide.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 80 feet by 12 feet.
There are some heavy side-hill cuts on this piece of road, through what is known as the
Canyon, which will be subject to rock and mud slides during the wet season, and will
require cribbing. 818 Public Works Report. 1898
Big Bend, Main Trail.
Canyon to Carnes Creek (main trail repaired).
A. Bourgeois, Foreman.
Forest cleared 687 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded 546      n      4        n
Corduroyed        55      n      5 m
Built 2 bridges, 50 feet by 6 feet wide.
Carnes to Downie Creek (main trail repaired).
A. Bourgeois, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,588 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded 1,192      „      4
Corduroyed 25      n      5        n
In this work the trail was changed to avoid a number of hills, and wind-falls were cleared
from the trail for 44 miles under the same foreman.
Downie Creek to Gold Stream (main trail repaired).
Hamilton Donnelly, Foreman.
Made general repairs from Downie Creek to Gold Stream, 15 miles ; filled in mud holes ;
corduroyed, grubbed out roots, and changed trail in places.
Main Trail (between Downie Creek and Boyd's ranch).
M. M. Buchannon, Foreman.
Forest cleared 400 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded 400     n      6
New Trail (from Forks of McCullough Creek to French Creek Summit).
F. E. Saunders, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,640 yards, 8   feet wide.
Grubbed 3,520      „      2 „
Corduroyed 14      n      3|        n
Smith Creek Trail.
H. S. Howard, Foreman.
Built 2 bridges, 75 feet by 6 feet wide.
Cleared 14 miles from fallen timber.
Keystone Mountain Trail.
A. W. Mcintosh, Foreman.
Forest cleared    1,800 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded 5,320      „      3
Corduroyed 225      n      4 n
Excavated rock       10      n      5 i,
This was all new trail.
South Fork of Carnes Creek.
W. P. George, Foreman.
Forest cleared 8,800 yards, 8   feet wide.
Grubbed 6,160      „     2J
Built 6 bridges.
These parties put in more work than the amount allowed them. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 819
New Trail (and repairs Carnes Creek, main trail).
N. T. Edwards, Foreman.
Forest cleared 6,340 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded 6,340      »      3        r,
Corduroyed 20      n      5 n
Excavated loose rock    260      n      4        n
Repaired the bridge at the North Fork of Carnes Creek.
Leforme Creek Trail (new trail).
Dan McRae, Foreman.
Forest cleared 7,040 yards, 8 feet wide.
Graded 7,040      i,      2
New Trail, Leforme Creek.
Ed. Adair, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,640 yards, 5i feet wide.
Graded 2,640      „     2|
Gold Stream Bridge (repaired).
Gus Hedstrum, Foreman.
Built new piers and put in new stringers.
Gold Stream Ferry.
Gus Hedstrum, Foreman.
Built new small boat, and overhauled scow ; caulked and repaired it.
Arrangements were made with George Leforme to operate it during the summer, which
met with general satisfaction.
French Creek.
Under supervision of Consolation Mining Co.
Built a bridge across French Creek ; 77 feet stringers ;  38 feet corbells, and 37 feet approach ; this work is of a permanent nature.
Bridge over Downie Creek.
Robt. Cayley, Contractor.
Built a bridge over Downie Creek with a span 110 feet long, and two approaches the
width of the bridge ; 8 feet in the clear between timbers.
Revelstoke Settlement Roads and Bridges.
William Fleming, Foreman.
Repaired bridge across the Illecillewaet.
Mattressed the banks above the bridge to protect approaches from encroachment of the
stream.
Revelstoke Settlement Roads.
Harry Hay, Foreman.
Forest cleared    525 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 72      „      12
Graded 42     ,.      12
Excavated earth  30      n        7 n        by 3| feet deep.
Owing to the difference of opinion among settlers as to the proper location of permanent
road, a surveyor was employed, who located a  road where, in future, work can be put
on of a permanent nature. 820 Public Works Report. 1898
Illecillewaet Division.
East Branch.
Ben. Green, Foreman.
Cleared out old trail of fallen timber, and made general repairs, 5 miles.
Cleared out old pack-trail between Illecillewaet and Albert Canyon of fallen timber, and
made general repairs, 6|- miles.
P. H. Peterson, Foreman.
Repaired trail and bridge, Fish River.
Cleared Jumbo Trail for 2\ miles of fallen timber.
Cleared trail up Cariboo Creek 5 miles, and made general repairs.
West Branch.
Dan P. Gillespie, Foreman.
Forest cleared       4,400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Excavated earth   1,760      n        7 n by 2^ feet deep.
Excavated rock       140      n
Built 1 bridge, 26 feet long by 5 feet wide.
Albert Canyon Road.
J. D. Graham, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 1,000 yards, 28 feet wide.
Grubbed 160      „      12
Graded 200     „      12
Ditched 75      i,        2        „
Corduroyed 386      n      12        n
Excavated earth 10,882      „        3 feet by 3 feet.
Excavated rock 800      n        3    n        3    n
Filled in 40      „      12    ., 3    „
Made 9 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge,     50    „       16    „       12    „
This work was assisted by Government to the extent of $3,000, the Waverly Company
doing the balance.
Trout Lake Division.
Road from Thomson's Landing to Trout Lake City.
Cleared overhanging and all trees 20 feet to the south of the road. The work was let by
contract in half-mile sections, and was all properly completed within the time specified.
This work will have the road clear of snow at a very much earlier date in the spring,
and it will dry up much more easily.
Trout Lake Waggon Road.
Stanley Nix, Joseph Verschoyle, William Genu, John Atkinson, Foremen.
Repaired the road between Thomson's Landing and Trout Lake City during the season,
which consisted of filling in low places where the water was lying, cutting out roots
and stumps, clearing road of fallen timber, widening the road where mud slides
occur and putting in corduroy and generally repairing the road. The season being
very wet put the road in very nearly impassable state ; in the Canyon large mud
slides came down together with rock, which all had to be cleared out at a large
expense. In order to keep the whole road open at once it was divided into four
sections with a foreman over each section. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 821
Road from Forks of Trout Lake to Fergusson and 8-Mile.
Thomas R. Davey, John Atkinson, Foremen.
Corduroyed, 358 yards, 9, 10 and 12 feet wide;   repaired  generally  the  road;   widened
the cuts where slides occur.
Owing to the heavy rains this was almost impassable, the work, however, left it in a very
good condition, at the same time, I may say that  it will  never be a good road until
it is all ditched or corduroyed.
Trout Lake City School-house.
Stephen Woods, Contractor, $820.
Furnished all labour and materials, and erected a frame building in conformity with the
plans and specifications for country school houses.
Waggon Road, South Fork Lardeau River.
Asa Hillman, Foreman.
Forest cleared,
400 y
ircls,
15 feet
wide.
ii
1,500
18
ii
Grubbed
333
10
ii
ii
1,500
18
it
Graded
333
10
i,
ii
1,500
18
ti
Excavated rock
35
10
ii
Made culverts,
3 feet by
4 feet by 14 feet.
Built 9 bridges,
25 feet long
by 14 feet.
n    2      ii
321       ,
12
it
by 3 feet.
This road is built on a very easy grade, about 1-J miles long, up to what is called 10 Miles,
south-east of Fergusson.
North Fork Lardeau Waggon Road.
John Atkinson, Foreman.
Forest cleared,    2,320 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,250      „      10
Graded 3,400      ,,      10
Corduroyed 18      „      12 n
Cribbed 16      n        5 feet high.
Excavated rock,       40 feet, 7 feet by 3 feet.
Removed a large number of large boulders.
This road, like that on the South Fork,  has a very easy grade, is  built along a steep side
hill of the North Fork of the Lardeau River.
Trail, Surprise Creek.
Joseph C. Kirkpatrick, Foreman.
Grubbed,  5,280 yards, 2\ feet wide.
Graded      5,280      „      2\
Cleared fallen timber off the North Fork Trail, and generally repaired trail.
Surprise Creek empties into the North Fork of Lardeau, about six miles above Fergurson.
Galena Creek Trail.
Thomas Home, Foreman.
Grubbed, 7,040 yards, 3 feet wide.
Graded     7,040      „      3
This trail is from where Galena Creek enters the North Fork  of the Lardeau River up
over the divide and  down  about  \\ miles on the Duncan   Slope;   no timber is
encountered in building this trail. Trout Creek Trail, south-west of Trout Lake City.
Frank Campbell, Foreman.
Made 2 miles of trail on the east side of Trout Creek.
Trout Creek Trail.
Andrew Ward, Foreman.
Made 3 miles of trail on the west side of Trout Creek.
Haley Creek Trail.
Hugh McPherson, Foreman.
Graded 3,400 yards, 2 feet wide.
Built 2 bridges, one 96 feet span, the other 64 feet span, and generally repairing old trail.
Canyon Creek Trail.
Albert Sandon, Foreman.
Forest cleared   5,280 yards, 4 feet wide.
Graded 5,280      n      4        n
Built bridge at Forks, 40 feet long.
Cleaned out slides for 7 miles.
Five-Mile Creek.
Chas. Olson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 8,600 yards, 4 feet wide.
Graded 8,600      „     2
Grubbed 8,600      „     2        „
Glacier and Humphries' Creek Trail.
T. M. Bird, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,520 vards, 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,520      ,.     2|      „
Graded 3,520      i,     2J      n
Glacier Creek Trail.
Frank Landrian, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,640 vards, 4 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,640      n     2 „
Graded 2,640      „     2
This is a continuation of the Ethol Group Trail.
Lower Lardo River.
George Bell, Foreman.
Repaired  trail from foot of Trout Lake to Haley Creek, and building two bridges over
Caiion and Tenderfoot Creeks.
Lardeau Mining Division.
Mohawk Creek Trail.
D. M. Kean, Superintendent.
Grubbed 5,280 yards, 4 feet wide.
Graded    5,280      .,     2
About one-third of this was done by  Government aid, the interested parties putting in
balance of the work. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 823
Recorder's Office, Comaplix.
Erected a neat little building, 20 feet by 30 feet, containing a fine roomy office in front, 3
cells for a lock-up at the back, a hall and a store room, in which the tools from the
Government works are stored; the whole building (excepting the cells) is lined with
No. 1 beaded ceiling, and the office and counter nicely oiled and stained; the total cost
of the building was $407.31 ; the work was performed by day labour under supervision
of the Recorder, and inspected by the Government Agent for the district.
Fish River Trail, South Side.
T. V. Downing and Angus Beaton, Foremen.
This work was started to complete the connection between Pool Creek and where the
trail crosses Fish River, about one and one-half miles out from Thomson's Landing, in
order to avoid very steep hills on the present trail, which made packing ore a very
difficult proposition; besides this, it would do away with the necessity of two bridges
over Fish River in order to reach Pool Creek, of which there are now two of a very
dangerous kind: the connection was made within a quarter of a mile round a heavy
rock bluff; in order to do this the parties built five miles of trial, leaving, as above
stated, about a quarter of a mile still to complete, which will require about $500.
Pool Creek Trail.
T. V. Downing, Foreman.
Graded 3,520 yards, 3-| feet wide.
Corduroyed    163       n     5 n
ii 35       tt     4 ii
Built 2 bridges, 20 feet and 25 feet long, 7 feet wide; repaired and altered old trail; built
2 miles of new trail up Fish to Lexington Creeks.
Fish Creek Waggon Road.
W. G. Girard, Foreman.
Forest cleared    440 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 220      „     10
Graded 220      „     10
Excavated rock 880      n     12        n
This work commenced in a heavy rock slide, and was carried through about a quarter of
a mile of loose rock slide, and then through one-half a mile of more or less solid rock, making
it very expensive and slow work. This road is carried to about high water level on Fish
River, and about 6J miles from Comaplix.
Menhenick & Scott Creeks.
Cory Menhenick, Foreman.
Forest cleared 7,040 yards, 4 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,040      „     2        „
Graded 7 040      „     2        „
Fish Creek Trail.
Cory Menhenick, Foreman.
Forest cleared 300 yards, 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 300      n     3        „
Built one bridge, 25 feet long, 5 feet wide.
Repaired Fish Creek Trail. 824 Public Works Report. 1898
Boyd Creek Trail.
O. D. Hoar, Foreman.
Built 15 culverts, averaging 4 feet by 5 feet; repaired 9 miles of trail; cleared out windfalls; built one mile of new trail.
Sable Creek Trail.
Charles Bullard, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,520 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded 3,520      „     2
Corduroyed 10      n     6 m
Built one bridge, 60 feet by 6 feet.
Fish Creek Ferry, at Boyd Creek.
Charles Bullard, Foreman.
Built a ferry on Fish River, at Boyd Creek; dimensions, 35 feet long, 12 feet wide, 3 feet
deep; stretched cable across Fish River and attached the barge.
Pingston Creek Trail.
B. Mackay, Foreman.
Forest cleared 17,600 yards, 5 feet wide.
Graded 7,040      „     2
Built 1 bridge 50       n     7 h
Pingston Creek Trail, Wolcot Trail.
J. G. Wolcot, Foreman.
Graded 10,560 yards, 2 feet wide; built 1 bridge, 56 feet long, on Pingston Creek Trails.
In each case the parties performed more work than the Government assisted in.
Halls Landing Settlement Roads.
Henry Lorewell, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Corduroyed 100      n     12 m
Built 2 bridges   280 feet by 14 feet.
Galena Bay Trails.
Sam. Hill, Foreman.
Grubbed 1,200 yards, 2 feet wide.
Graded 4,484      ,.     2
Galena Bay Settlement Waggon Roads.
Thos. Beech, Foreman.
Grubbed 2,200 yards, 15 feet wide.
Graded 700      „     10        „
Ditched 200      „       2
Isaac Creek Trail.
E. Grahame, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,640 yards, 10 feet wide.
Built 3 bridges, 44 feet long, 5        ., 62 Vict. Public Works Report.
Isaac Creek Trail.
Albert Swanson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 8,800 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 8,800      ,,     21      „
This trail is built up Isaac Creek from Wigwam for about 8 miles.
Nakusp to Hot Springs Trail.
A. D. Lougheed, Foreman.
Forest cleared    12,320 yards, 8   feet wide.
Graded 8,800     „   ' 2\
Corduroyed 75      „      6 n
Excavated rock 20      n      3 n
Made 4 culverts, averaging 10 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
This is a new trail from Nakusp to the Hot Springs, about 7 miles.
Fire Valley Settlement Trail.
John Bolas, Foreman.
Built 2 bridges, 40 feet by 60 feet by 12 feet.
Repaired trail from Fire Valley to Kettle River, a distance of 32 miles.
Fire Valley Waggon Roads.
John Bangs, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,960 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed
440      ,
12
Graded
8,800
12
Ditched
7,040      i
Corduroyed
250
Cribbed
50
Excavated
50
Made 26 culverts, averaging 4 feet by 12 feet.
Built 2 bridges, 40 feet by 60 feet by 12 feet.
Christie Ranch Trail.
J. H. Christie, Foreman.
Forest cleared   2,000 yards,    5 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,150      „      10
Graded 500      „      10
Excavated rock     20      n        7 n by 2|- feet.
Filled in 20      i,        5        „ 4.     „
Built 2 bridges, 12 by 10 by 2|.
McDonald Creek Trail (south side).
Nels Demars, Foreman.
Forest cleared 8,800 yards, 7 feet wide.
Graded 5,280      „      3
Built 2 bridges, 7 feet wide, 12 and 20 feet long.
McDonald Creek Trail (north side).
Hector McKinnon, Foreman.
Forest cleared 6,160 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 3,520      „        3 826 Public Works Report. 1898
Cariboo Creek Road (Cariboo Mining Camp).
J. Bates, Foreman.
Forest cleared 23,480 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 8,800      „      16
Graded 7,040      „      16
do 22,880      ii        3
Corduroyed 235      n      12 n
Built 1 bridge, 57 feet by 12 feet wide.
Mountain Chief Trail (east side of Canyon Creek).
Peter McDonald, Foreman.
Forest cleared 5,500 yards, 2J feet wide.
Graded 6,000      „      21
Made 2 culverts, averaging 10 feet by 4 feet.
B.  C.  Trail (east side of Mineral Creek).
Peter McDonald, Foreman.
Forest cleared      5,280 yards, 3 feet wide.
Excavated earth 5,000      n      3 n
Mineral Creek Trail (west side).
S. Hunter, Foreman.
Forest cleared    4,400 yards, 6 feet wide.
Excavated rock      25      n
Built 7 bridges, 6 feet by 176 feet.
Goat Canyon Trail.
J. Bates, Foreman.
Forest cleared 6,160 yards,    8 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,160      n 3 n
Graded 6,160      n        3 u
Ditched 100      „       18 inches wide.
Corduroyed 25      n        6 feet wide.
Built 2 bridges, 16 feet by 6 feet wide.
South Cariboo from Canyon Creek Trail.
J. P. Jones, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,760 yards, 6 feet.
Grubbed 1,760     „     3    „
Graded 1,760      „      3    „
Made 2 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 6 feet.
Cariboo Creek Trail (north side).
J. P. Jones, Foreman.
Forest cleared    7,040 yards, 8 feet.
Grubbed 2,640      „      8    „
Graded 7,040      „      4    „
Corduroyed 30      n
Excavated rock        30      i,
Made 5 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 6 feet. 62 Vict.  • Public Works Report. 827
South Cariboo from Mineral Creek to Canyon Creek.
J. P. Jones, Foreman.
Forest cleared
6,160 yards,
10   feet.
Grubbed
6,160      ii
4
Graded
6,160      „
3
Ditched
440      i.
1
Corduroyed
300 feet
41    ii
Cribbed
880 yards,
4      „
Excavated rock
50      „
Filled in
200      „
Improvements to Government Buildings, Revelstoke.
Court House Vault.
BuiJt a vault in the Court House in accordance with a plan made by Mr. F. C. Gamble,
Government Engineer. The work was let by tender to E. C. Tromey, bricklayer, he
being the lowest tenderer. The dimensions of the vault, inside, are as follows : 5
feet 7 inches by 6 feet 3 inches by 10 feet high.
Court House Grounds Fenced.
L. A. Fretz, Contractor.
Built a fence round the Court House grounds, under contract. The fence is built of 1-1-
inch square clear cedar pickets, 4| feet high on two sides of the ground, and close
board fence the other two sides, 6 feet high.
Plumbing, Court House.
Robt. Gordon, Plumber.
Built a cesspool out from Court House, about 20 feet. Placed water-pipes from the main
into Court House. Placed in a lavatory and flush-closet down stairs. Placed in a
lavatory up stairs for use of the officers of the Court.
Lock-up, Revelstoke Improvements.
Under supervision of Constable McRae.
Built 4 new cells, size 6 feet by 7 feet; floored kitchen, ceiled and walled-up inside, and
painted same. Built cupboard for kitchen ; placed in bath tub with hot and cold
water, and painted constable's room and office.
Columbia River at Revelstoke, B. C
Victoria, B. C, November 28th, 1898.
Sir,—In response to the instructions of the Honourable the Chief Commissioner, I have
made an examination of the bank of the Columbia River at Revelstoke where mattress protection was constructed last winter under my supervision by direction of the Executive.
This work was undertaken as a part of the proposal for permanent protection of the river
bank, contained in my report to the Chief Commissioner, dated 13th December last, a copy of
which is hereto annexed, and was intended to protect as much of the cutting bank as the
amount set apart would allow, and was to commence immediately below the old steamboat
landing and working down stream in the bend where the wasting away was most acute,
towards the smelter.    At the close of the work, when the appropriation was exhausted, about 1,900 feet had been made secure against the danger of the approaching high water, leaving
1,200 feet, measured along the top of the bank, unprotected between the lower end of the
work and the smelter.
The design, position and extent of the proposed completed scheme were discussed and
described in the report above referred to, and were shown on the drawings which accompanied it.
A careful examination and survey made by me on the 7th and 8th iust., demonstrated
that the mattress protection has effectually prevented any further encroachment of the river
along its whole length, and that it has also, by here arresting the action of the current, materially assisted in reducing its destructive action along the unprotected portion mentioned in
the preceding paragraph.
Some little damage, however, not unanticipated, had happened in three places towards the
lower and above low water mark. This damage was caused by the action of the seepage water
accumulated in the bank forcing out, when the pressure on the front was relieved as the river
fell, the saturated gumbo underlying the sand and gravel. When the subsidences resulting
therefrom happened, the mattress dropped into the holes, as it was intended to do, but the
upper layers of loose gravel and sand slipped and crumpled it up in certain places. If there
was no intention of completing the original design, these places could be made good at a small
cost.
With regard to the proposal to undertake further works for the permanent protection of
the bank, I would suggest that the original design offered by me, and hereinbefore referred to,
be adopted. This includes protection not only against the action of the river current, but also
provides for the prevention of the damage caused by seepage water and by the weather. The
work so far executed as part of this design has been, as before stated, successful, and it only
requires to be carried out in its entirety to become as permanent as any artificial work constructed, in part of perishable materials, can be made. This only means, however, that it will
be necessary to spend annually a small sum in maintenance.
Mattress protection, it may be pointed out, is imperishable where always submerged, and
it will also become almost so above low water where it is possible to intercept and accumulate
silt. Above high water deciduous shrubs will sprout and grow and increase every season if
not interfered with, and thus, by constant renewal, becomes a permanency.
To construct the whole work of non-perishable material such as concrete or masonry, is,
for the present, at any rate, prohibited by the great cost that such construction would entail.
The protection of the bank by mattresses is considered more suitable under the physical
characteristics of the river at the point under reference than any scheme that would require
the use of wing dams to attend the desired end. Instead of directly and abruptly striving to
divert the current of a large river like the Columbia by the last-mentioned structures, the former would, while rendering the friable bank unassailable, not interfere with the free flow of
the current, and thus, although the conditions would be somewhat changed, there would be no
necessity for a violent effort on the part of the river to adjust itself to them, such as would
follow the building of wing dams. Wing dams in most cases compel bank protection, but the
latter does not require the former.
The following extract from the original report, hereinbefore referred to, describes the
method by which it is proposed the work shall be carried out : —
" The method shown on plate No. 4 consists in laying a brush mattress kept in place by
rock along the face of the bank, varying in thickness from the fine tops of the brush laid on
the bottom below low water mark, to about 18 inches at 4 feet above extreme high water. The
toe of the mattress will lay on the bottom at a distance from the bank sufficient to allow for
the probable maximum depth, should scouring of the bed take place. At about a mean of
high water an artificial bank, presenting a uniform face to the current, will be built up of
brush, from which will extend up and down the face of the bank (mattress) spurs or ribs at
20 feet centres. These, besides giving additional stability, will intercept the sediment with
which generally the brush will become covered, thereby adding to the life of the work.
" The bank would thus be rendered unassailable, and the current in consequence will be
gradually, but not violently, forced away from it. The coarsest gravel and boulders from the
bar opposite will be utilized for weighting the brush. The brush will be laid in alternate
layers continuously upon the face of the bank, and bound together securely with No. 6 Galvanized iron wire, and clamps of timber held together with iron bolts. The continuity of the
work is a desirable feature, and makes it immovable and practically indestructible. It has
been advanced, and  with reason, that the part of the brush subjected to wet and dry, alter- 62 Vict. Public Works Report 829
nately, will decay rapidly. It will do so without doubt, but not as rapidly as supposed,
especially if it becomes covered or coated with sediment. It can be more readily and economically repaired than any other timber structure in a like position.
" To meet the seepage difficulty it is absolutely necessary that the water of the mountain
streams back of the town should be carried off as rapidly as possible by the natural channel to
the outlet at the smelter, thereby reducing to a minimum the accumulation of water in low
places between the mountain and the river bank."
To accomplish the foregoing it will be necessary to thoroughly open up the railway ditchts
on both sides of the track, of course with the permission of the company, and if the culverts
are found to be too small or too few to pass the water quickly, others must be put in. Then
all the ditches of the streets must be opened and kept so, so that the water intercepted thereby shall flow uninterruptedly by the natural outlet to the river below the smelter. To protect
the sloping exposed face of the bank above the mattress brush should be loosely pinned down,
and Bermuda, Guinea or Marram grass sown, the creeping roots of any one of which will form
a mat capable of resisting the weather. The growth of deciduous shrubs suitable for dry soil
should also be encouraged.
The foregoing remarks point out the several means by which it is proposed to afford protection against the natural forces attacking the bank.
The cost of the works outlined above is, in detail, as follows :
(1.) Completing existing works as originally proposed    $13,300 00
(2.) Extending works to smelter, 1,200 feet at $13.00    15,600 00
(3.) Intercepting seepage water, 6,000 cubic yards at 25c      1,500 00
(4.) Protecting bank above mattress with grass, etc  600 00
$31,000 00
Add 10 per cent, for contingencies      3,100 00
34,100 00
The work should be commenced immediately after the New Year by cutting the brush
and quarrying the stone and hauling them and other material required to the site of the
works while good snow roads lasted. As soon as the weather permitted, construction should
commence and the whole work completed before high water.
In conclusion, I beg to point out that it is desirable that work of this description should
be carried out by day's labour, under an experienced and reliable foreman, who should be given
the right to immediately dismiss any man who, in his opinion, is shirking his work or incapable
of doing it.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. C. Gamble,
Public   Works Engineer.
W.  S.  Gore,  Esq.,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and  Works,
Victoria,   B.   C.
Nelson, B.C.,  13th December, 1897.
Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the instructions contained
in your letter of 13th October last, I have made a survey and examination of the Columbia
River at Revelstoke for the purpose of advising and suggesting a method by which the
washing away of the river bank at that place may be permanently arrested, and beg to submit
for your consideration the following report, embodying, besides a brief description of the
natural characteristics of the vicinity, suggestions as to the best manner of affording the
protection required, and an estimate of the cost of the proposed works Appended hereto are the following plates :—
No. 1.—A general plan of the Columbia River in the neighbourhood of Revelstoke,
embodying the townsite, and extending from the Big Eddy to a point below the smelter, a
distance of 2.37 miles, prepared to the data of 300 feet to 1 inch.
No. 2.—Cross sections of river from Section "A" above the bridge to Section No. 3 below,
inclusive. These sections, owing to their great length, have been platted on the distorted
scale of 20 feet to the inch vertically, and 100 feet to the inch horizontally.
No. 3—Cross sections of the river from Section No. 4 to Section No. 11, inclusive,
platted to the natural scale of 40 feet to the inch.
No. 4.—Plan and Sections 8, 9, 10, and 11, showing the proposed method of protections.
The above plates will be frequently referred to in the course of this report, where necessary, by numbers given above.
Severe weather having set in before all the necessary information could be obtained, the.
work has been carried on at great disadvantage. Revelstoke lies, so to speak, at the meeting
point of several converging valleys, and, in consequence, the banks of the river are exposed to
the full force of the wind, which at times blows so heavily as to make instrumental work often
a matter of difficulty, and at times impossible.
The land comprising the townsite of Revelstoke, outside of lots now owned by private
parties and by the Local Government, is held in the following manner :—
(1.) The Dominion Government controls the land (a) of the old townsite of "Farwell,"
which extends from the railway bridge as far east as Wales Street, and (b) between Ford and
Government Streets, in the newly-built portion of the town.
(2.) The Columbia and Kootenay Steam Navigation Company own the property between
Ford and Wales Streets.
(3.) The Smelter Company own all the land lying east of Government Street up to the
railway's property, and down the river to the smelter.
(4.) The Canadian Pacific Railway holds the remaining unsold portion of the site lying
to the east and north of the smelter property-.
The boundaries of the several properties above described are defined on the general plan
marked No. 1 by heavy dotted lines.
The adjacent land, both north and south of the townsite, and on the opposite side, is still
controlled for the most part by the Dominion Government.
The town is laid out on the east or left bank of the Columbia River, on what may be
termed a terraced bench of no great width, covered by deposition of alternate layers or strata
(not always strictly horizontal) of sand and gravel, superimposed upon a bed of clay (Plate No.
3), along the base of the mountain lying in the angle of the confluence of the Columbia and
Illecillewaet Rivers. The ground occupied by the old town, formerly called " Farwell," which
stretches down stream about 2,700 feet below the bridge, is at an elevation of from 36.8 feet
to 41.2 feet above the level of water record of last November, and from 15.5 to 22.3 feet above
the highest water recorded, that is the freshet of 1894 (Plate No. 2). The ground then rises
27 feet to the terrace or upper bench, on which many new residences and business houses, all
the new churches, public schools, and court house have lately been built (Plates Nos. 1 and 3).
This terrace or upper bench continues for 3,200 feet to the smelter, where the ground drops to
27 feet above the low water stage above referred to (Sec. 11, Plate No. 3).
The Canadian Pacific Railway, upon leaving the canyon of the Illecillewaet River on its
westward course, skirts the margin of the bench close to the foot-hills for about 3 miles, and
then, turning to the left, traverses the bench to the Columbia River, which it crosses by a
timber bridge. From the foregoing description, taken together with the general plan (Plate
No. 1), it will be observed that the greater and most valuable part of the townsite, that on
which the principal buildings are built, is confined to a narrow strip of land lying between
rugged mountains and a large, rapid, and ever-encroaching river.
The railway bridge is about 1,100 feet in length, and is composed of two spans of about
104 and 100 feet, respectively, 4 spans of about 154 feet each (all the spans were measured
approximately from centre to centre of piers), and about 260 feet of trestling. The piers are
6 in number, of which 5 are about 8 feet in width and about 63 feet long over all (that is,
measured from the nose of the cutwater to the lower end), while the remaining one is about 4
feet wide by the same length.
At the present time, the piers stand about parallel with the direction of the current
(Plate No. 1), 4 only obstructing the stream at low water.    The pier of the, shore span on the 62 Vict. Public Wokks Report. 831
east side stands on cribwork, which extends now about 25 feet into the river, acting like a
wingdam. It was doubtless built first well into the bank, but its effect, together with that of
the piers, on the current has caused the bank both above and below to recede. The piers,
with this cribwork, reduce the waterway at the bridge site, at ordinary high water, 71 feet, or
about one-thirteenth of the total width. At extreme high water, when the flats opposite the
town are flooded, the flow is further obstructed by an earth embankment which has lately
taken the place of trestle-work, formerly reaching from the bridge to the ridge near the Big
Eddy. A gap, however, has been left in this embankment with the intention of affording
passage for the water when the flats are overflowed.
The erosion of the river bank in the vicinity of Revelstoke is confined to the east or left
side, on which the town stands, and prevails from the Big Eddy, some 4,500 feet above the
railway bridge, to point ''G" below the smelter (Plate No. 1), a total distance of 10,400 feet.
Of this latter distance, 5,900 feet represents the river frontage of the town. No cutting of
the bank goes on, except the wasting away due to seepage, during low water, as the current
at that time flows steadily, the water being clear, between shelving beaches of gravel and
sand. As the river rises during the warm weather, the water, charged with sediment, attacks
with increasing energy the successive friable strata of the concaved bank. As this bank
recedes, the shelving beach opposite builds out. The destructive force of the current, serious
enough when exerted uninterruptedly against the bed or bank of a river composed of unstable
material, is aggravated by the presence of any obstruction which checks the free flow of the
water.
Obstructions may be either drift wood or snags, piers, or abutments of bridges, embankments or wingdams, or in fact, anything the tendency of which is to back up and thereby
disturb the existing conditions. It has probably been observed that a strong current may
flow for years, without attacking either the bank or bed of the stream, although both may
consist of easily moved material. This means that the resistance of the bed and the force of
the current are in equilibrium. As soon, however, as the flow is interrupted by wingdams or
any like obstruction, no matter how slight, equilibrium is destroyed, and both bed and bank
are distroyed.
Such appears to have been the case at Revelstoke. Before the bridge was built the
erosion of the concave bank from the Big Eddy past the townsite, though constant, was
comparatively slight, and could have been stopped at a small cost. As soon, however, as the
piers were built, their design and position relative to the current being of marked importance,
the direction and flow of the current was interrupted and changed, whereby counter currents
and eddies were generated, the natural effort of the river to adopt itself to the new conditions.
The deepening of the bed both between and below the piers followed, the excavated material
being carried down stream, enlarging and extending in a compact manner the bars in that
direction. To ensure the safety of the piers large quantities of loose rock were afterwards
thrown into the river around them. This again compelled the river to re-adjust itself. This
enlargement of the bar forced the current at a more acute angle against the bank below (sec.
4, plate No. 1).
A comparison of Sec. "A" with Sec. "B" taken along the centre of the bridge will
give some idea of the modifications that have taken place. Since 1894 the bridge superstructure has been renewed and the ridges appearing between pier No. 1 and on the east side (sec.
at bridge plate No. 2) seem to indicate that the position of some of the piers have been
changed. The eddies about the bridge soon attacked the east bank with the result that the
cribwork there, doubtless intended as an abutment (it could serve no other useful purpose),
soon became a wingdam possessing all the damaging characteristics attributable to such
structures.
The effect of this unintentional wingdam is shown on sec. No. 1, plate No. 2, where a
deep hole appears close to the toe of the mattress. Both above and below the bridge, during
the freshet of 1894, the cutting became of such a serious nature as not only to endanger the
safety of the part of the old town, but also that of the bridge. During the next winter the
Dominion jointly with the Local Government undertook the protection of the bank for a
distance of 1,600 feet, by means of brush mattresses laid along the face of the bank. The
effort was successful. The Railway Company the following season continued the brush protection, though not in as substantial a manner, for some few hundred feet up stream, as far as
the Brewery (plate No. 1). The substitution of an earth embankment, completed since 1894, for the trestling across
the flat land on the west side, notwithstanding the gap left therein for the passage of water,
will assist in banking the water up above the bridge during an extreme freshet. This will
increase, at such a time, both the volume and velocity of the water forcing a passage between
the piers with the result that, by reason of the property of inertia, the river section below will
again be modified ; and it is impossible to say in what direction or to what extent.
The water rose in 1894 to a much higher level than any previous recorded years, and
there is a strong possibility that on account of the rapid denudation of the country of timber,
the summer freshets of future will often come with greater suddenness and in greater volume.
This probability must not be lost sight of.
In dwelling upon the part the Railway Bridge has borne in the damage done directly by
the river current, the intention has been simply to illustrate the evil results that invariably
follow the placing of any casual obstruction purposely or otherwise in a large and rapid river.
No great change in the present situation can be expected, but it will be pointed out, however,
hereinafter in what way the Railway Company may possibly consent, by way of compensation,
to render some assistance towards the effort it is proposed to undertake to guard permanently
against future damage.
The natural forces tending to destroy the river bank, on which in this report the most
stress is laid, is the river current cutting on the face, and the pressure outwards of the seepage
water. These are, without doubt, the most important, but it must not be overlooked that
rain, snow, frost and wind have very destructive influence upon it. A constant crumbling of
the finer material of the upper strata is observable. During a heavy wind the fine sand torn
from the face is often driven in clouds over the bank, the gravel loosened thereby rolling to
the bottom. It does not appear that this matter should be attended to by the Government.
It seems only reasonable that the property owners should, after the bank is protected up to
high water, attend to this matter at their own cost. It might be met by sowing Guinea,
Bermuda or Marrum grass on the exposed face above the mattresses. Any one of these are
suitable for sandy soil, and having creeping roots will soon form a mat capable of resisting the
action of the weather.
From the lower end of the mattress protection, referred to above, which appears to be in
a fair state of preservation, though requiring some attention to section 4 at the lower end of the
old steamboat landing, the erosion has been very slight and needs no special remarks. Below
the landing the river has made the most serious inroad upon the bank, as far as the smelter,
that is along the river front of the properties of the Dominion and Smelter Company, a
distance of 3,200 feet.    (Plate No. 1.)
The destructive work of the current has been aided here by the seepage of water through
the exposed face of the bank. This seepage may be attributed to the accumulation in low
places, lying between the railway and the river bank, of the surplus water of the many streams
flowing from the mountain side north of the track, which, owing to the choked condition of
the railway ditches, the natural channel and side drains is unable to find its way quickly to
the outlet below the smelter. (Plate No. 1.) The water thus collected sinks through the
gravel to the underlying bed of clay along the top of which, in a depression or underground
channel it flows towards the river. The clay which in a dry state offers no inconsiderable
resistance to the current becomes when surcharged with water a quicksand, or as it is often
called "gumbo." During a high stage of water in the river the seepage water gathers on top
of the clay which in consequence becomes saturated. As the river falls the pressure along the
face of the bank is gradually withdrawn, and the clay in the form of a quicksand is forced out
by the back pressure of the accumulated seepage water, causing land slips or subsidences.
The material thus displaced yields more easily to the action of the current.
At the lower end of this bend the Smelter now stands on the edge of the bank, one corner
overhanging it. There has been excessive erosion of the bank here to the severing of which
may be attributed the unfortunate construction of a wingdam, built by the Railway or
Smelter Company at the upper end of the wharf. The remains of the dam, a combination of
piling, brush and stone, show up at the present stage of water about 50 feet above section No.
10 (plate No. 1). This wingdam was intended to protect the wharf as well as the Smelter.
It has done neither. The wharf is now in a dilapidated condition, utterly useless ; the Smelter
is the same, and the river bank below, as well as above, is rapidly washing away. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 833
On the upper end of the Islands, on the right hand side below the bridge, the accumulation of drift has somewhat increased. This may be due to the drift caught in the eddies on
that side, and are eventually caught by its predecessors.
The fall of the river surface between section "A" above the bridge and section "11 "
below the smelter, a distance of 7,100 feet, is about 5.5 feet The velocity of the current is,
of course, variable, depending, between fixed points, upon the slope, the configuration of the
bed and shore, and the material composing the latter. But it may be safe to assume that in
no place where the slope is slight is the mean velocity less than two miles an hour, and where
the greatest fall occurs with a uniform bed does it exceed eight miles an hour.
It has been frequently asserted that the natural and original channel at Revelstoke lies
altogether on the west side, and that it would be a very simple matter to throw the channel
over to the side where it properly belongs. The existence of the Big Eddy, with other physical
and unchangeable characteristics (see plates Nos. 1, 2 and 3), is somewhat against this contention, but at any rate a river flowing over a sedimentary bed, and between sedimentary banks,
has no natural or original channel except that which is bounded by the rim rock on either side.
It is assumed that it is intended to undertake no work of which a reasonable guarantee of
permanency cannot be given, and it is on this line that the suggestions following are made.
To thoroughly protect the river bank in the vicinity of Revelstoke exposed to the action
of the current, it would be necessary to commence at the point opposite the Big Eddy, and
carry the work down stream in a uniform and uninterrupted manner along the east bank to
the point "G" below the Smelter. This would involve the removal of the cribwork at the
bridge, referred to hereinbefore as an objectionable structure, serving at present no useful
purpose, the repair and extension of the 1,600 feet of the mattress protection below the bridge,
the removal of the wharf at the Smelter, the extension work at point " G," and the improvement of the drainage of the stream flowing from the mountain, whereby the damage arising
from the seepage of water accumuluted in the low places back of the town may be mitigated.
Many suggestions, crude but nevertheless valuable, have been made regarding the best
method to follow in dealing with this question of bank protection. The writer's opinion is
that it can best be accomplished, not by means of a wingdam or any other obstruction, the
evils of which it has been the intention to make plain in the description given above of the
works in connection with the Railway Bridge and Smelter, placed in the stream for the purpose
of diverting the flow from the eroding bank, but by a system of bank protection which will,
while offering the minimum of obstruction to the free and natural flow of the current, render
the bank permanently stable. It seems to be the prevailing impression, due probably to the
practice in placer mining, that a wingdam built below the bridge, stretching from the east side
down stream towards the west side, would force the water permanently in the desired direction
in a new channel. It would be an exceedingly dangerous experiment to make in a large and
rapid river such as the Columbia, flowing, as it does at the point under reference, over a bed
and between banks of sedimentary character, and having a difference of level between high
and low water stages, in round numbers, of 20 feet. It would be possible at great cost to
construct a wingdam in the direction desired, but no guarantee could be given of its stability
after exposure to the force of the first freshet.    Its failure would be inevitable and disastrous.
To undertake the whole of the work outlined would involve the outlay of a large sum of
money, and in consequence it is desirable, for the present, to confine the expenditure to the
most critical points, that is, where the destruction of the most valuable parts of the town is
imminent.    Therefore the work proposed herein will be confined to the bank below the bridges.
(1.) In the first place it is necessary, as the river has not yet adjusted itself to the new
condition at the bridge, to extend and repair in some measure the mattress protection
constructed in 1895 from "B" to "C" on the explanation plan (Plate No. 1). This will
necessitate the sinking of a narrow and shallow mattress along the toe of the old work, and
the building up of several depressions. If the railway company could be persuaded to remove
the cribwork, and substitute therefor brush work, a dangerous factor would be removed.
(2.) From the lower end of the mattress (" C " on Plate No. 1) down to section 4 (" D "
on Plate No. 1) at the end of the old landing (Plate No. 1) the cutting, if any, is trifling, but
at the same time there is no saying what may occur to induce it. For this reason, as well as
for the sake of continuity in the work, shallow mattress should be laid between these points.
(3,) From point " D " round the bend to the smelter point "E" (Plate 1) is the part
requiring immediate and most careful attention. The work proposed here shall conform
generally   to the  method  adopted  before,  but  with  certain modification and improvements 834 Public Works Report. 1898
which will, it is anticipated, add materially to its effectiveness and permanency. This method,
shown on Plate No. 4, consists in laying a brush mattress, kept in place by rock, along the
face of the bank, varying in thickness from the fine tops of the brush, laid on the bottom
below low wrater mark, to about 18 inches at 4 feet above extreme high water. The toe of
the mattress will lay on the bottom at a distance from the bank sufficient to allow for the
probable maximum depth should scouring of the bed take place. At about a mean of high
water an artificial bank, presenting a uniform face to the current, will be built up of brush,
from which will extend up and down the face of the bank spurs or ribs at 20 feet centres.
These, besides giving additional stability, will intercept the sediment with which generally the
brush will become covered, thereby adding to the life of the work. The bank would thus be
rendered unassailable, and the current in consequence will be gradually, but not violently,
forced away from it. The coarsest gravel and boulders from the bar opposite will be utilized
in weighting the brush. The brush will be laid in alternate layers continuously upon the face
of the bank, and bound together securely with No. 6 galvanized iron wire, and clamps of
timber held together with iron rods. The continuity of the work is a desirable feature, and
makes it immovable and practically indestructible. It has been advanced, and with reason,
that the part of the brush subjected to wet and dry alternately will decay rapidly. It will do
so without doubt, but not as rapidly as supposed, especially if it becomes covered and coated
with sediment. It can be more readily and economically repaired than any other timber
structure in a like position. To protect the bank with practically indestructible material,
such as masonry or concrete, is impossible, the cost would be too great.
To meet the seepage difficulty, it is absolutely necessary that the water of the mountain
streams back of the town should be carried off as rapidly as possible by the natural channel
to the outlet at the Smelter, thereby reducing to a minimum the accumulation of water in low
places between the mountain and the river banks. To this end, besides enlarging and otherwise improving the natural channels, it is proposed that the Railway Company should be
approached and asked to enlarge and keep clear the ditches on both sides of the track ; and,
if necessary, to ensure the rapid removal of the water from the north side, to increase the
number of culverts.    The fall from point " F " to point " E " (plate No. 1) is 67 feet.
In order that the work may be completed in a thoroughly satisfactory manner before
the next freshet, it should be commenced forthwith, and carried on under a skilful superintendent with a large and sufficient force of men. Work of this character can be executed by day
labour, more expeditiously, satisfactorily, and economically than by contract. There are only
from four to four and a half months left to do the work in, and consequently a commencement
should be made immediately after the new year.
The cost of the work suggested above is estimated at $46,035 in detail as follows :—
(1.) From " B " to " C " plate No. 1 :
Extending and repairing old work $  2,500
(2.) From » C" to " B" plate No. 1 :
New work, 1,100 feet @ $6      6,600
(3.) From " D " to " E " plate No. 1 :
(a.) New work, 3,200 feet @ $10    32,000
(b.) Clearing and enlarging channel of stream and
side ditches from " F " to " E " to carry off
water from mountain streams,   2,500   cubic
yards @ 30 cts         750
 $41,850    ' '
Add 10 % for contingencies and engineering expenses  4,185
$46,035
To thoroughly complete the protection, the remains of the wharf at the Smelter should be
removed, and the brush work carried on down to "G," plate No. 1.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed)        F. C. Gamble,
M. Inst. C. E. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 835
Nelson, Slocan and Rossland Riding.
Ainsworth Mining Division.
Ainsworth Waggon Road.
Repaired road, bridges, and culverts.
Blasted rock from road-bed.
Repaired 3 bridges.
Covered corduroys.
Cleared culverts.
Filled in washed-out portions of road-bed.
Built 4 culverts, averaging 12 feet wide by 2 feet by 3 feet.
Argenta Trail.
Forest cleared        3 miles, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 3      h      6
Graded 3      u       6
Corduroyed 40 yards, 6
Excavated rock 200      n      6
Filled in 5 miles,   6
This road has been cleared, grubbed, graded and filled in from Argenta, on Kootenay
Lake to Duncan or Howser Lake, a distance of 11 miles.
Argenta-Duncan Trail.
Forest cleared    300 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 6 miles.
Graded 4      h
Corduroyed 100 yards.
Excavated rock 100      n
Crawford and Hooper Creek Trail.
Cleared brush, graded, corduroyed and bridged trail for a distance of 20 miles.
Hamill Creek Trail.
Graded 1^ miles of new trail.
Built 2 bridges over creek suitable to withstand the highest freshet.
Cut out wind-falls on trail for a distance of 22 miles, and made trail in shape for use as a
pack trail.
io Trail.
Cleared forest
4 miles,
8 feet wide
do
30     „
6
,,
Grubbed
1      „
do
2      „
6
ii
Graded
1      i,
do
2      „
6
it
Ditched
1      „
do
200 feet,
6
,,
Corduroyed
100 yards
8
ti
do
200 feet,
6
ti
Excavated rock
60 yards
8
,,
do
f mile,
8
it 836 Public Works Report. 1898
Built 2 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 9 feet.
Built 6 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 6 feet by 4 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 60 feet by 10 feet.
Built 5 bridges, averaging 60 feet by 8 feet.
The trail has been cleared out from Kootenay Lake to Rapid Creek, a distance of about
35 miles. One mile of the trail has been built 8 feet wide (excavated rock) suitable for
a sleigh road; bridges have been built over Box, South Fork Meadow, Meadow, Popular and Rapid Creeks ; the trail has been put in first-class condition for either men or
pack trains from Kootenay Lake to Trout Lake.
South Fork Kaslo River Waggon Road.
Cribbed 200 yards, 6 feet wide.
Cleared road of rock, earth slides and timber; also drained road in wet and sliding ground
for distance of about three miles.
South Fork Kaslo River Trail.
Cleared forest        1 \ miles, 6 feet wide.
Graded (roughly)   1       n       6 n
Built 2 bridges, averaging 57 feet by 10 feet by 9 feet.
This is a continuation of the route from the Kaslo Waggon road to the Black Fox Trail,
and is prepared for conversion into a waggon road hereafter.
South Fork Kaslo River Trail (to Black Fox Mine).
Cleared forest 20 yards, 6 feet wide (for approaches).
Graded 20      „      6
Built 3 bridges, averaging 80 feet by 12 feet by 12 feet.
This work was a continuation of the former work to the Montezuma group of mineral
claims.
Forest cleared    2\ miles, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 2\     „     4
Graded 21      „     4
Corduroyed        400 feet, 6 n
Cribbed 30    n
Excavated rock 60 yards, 6 n 4 feet deep.
Built 10 culverts, averaging 3 feet by 2 feet by 3 feet.
ii       3 bridges, n       50    n        12    .,        14    n
This has  been made a trunk trail, and is on a good grade for conversion into a waggon
road; lateral trails will be built by owners of mineral claims to the Trunk Trail.
Woodbury Creek Trail (from Kootenay Lake to Ten-Mile Bridge).
Cleared forest
Grubbed
Graded
Corduroyed
Cribbed
Excavated rock 500      ii    6 h        (average) 6 feet deep.
Filled in crib work.
Built   4 culverts, averaging   6 feet by 2 feet by 4 feet.
ii    15 bridges, n 12    n 4    n 4    n
This  road  commences  at  Kootenay  Lake and ends at Ten-Mile Bridge; it is built on a
waggon  road grade, and the bridges  are made wide enough for a waggon road to be
made hereafter.
4 miles, 8 feet
wide.
4      ,i    4
ii
4      „    4
ii
400 feet,   6
ii
900      „    6
ii
500      „    6
,, 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 837
Goat River Mining Division.
Copper Camp Creek Trail.
Cleared forest 12 miles, 6 feet wide.
Graded 1     n       2 n
Built 15 bridges, averaging 15 feet by 5 feet.
Rykert's Trail to Goat River Crossing.
Cut out logs from Trail for distance of 9 miles.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet long by 10 feet wide.
„    2      i,      20        n 10
i,    1       ,i      30
Curduroyed       60
80
Graded 30
10
10
10
10
White Grouse Trail, Goat River.
Forest cleared    20,020 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 5,561       „       3
Excavated rock 30       n       6 n
Built 1 bridge,   55 feet by 8 feet,
i,    1       „       109    n        8    ii
„    1      i, 50    „        8    „
This trail is built commencing from Russell Creek Station, on Crow's Nest Railway, and
running almost due north as far as built; the first half-mile from railway descends at
about a 2 % grade to Meadow Creek, crossing the creek on a cedar corduroy bridge
about 500 yards east of where said creek enters Goat River; then at about one mile,
trail reaches east shore of Goat River, which it follows; the grade of Goat River
averages 1|- °/o to 2 %, and trail follows chiefly on low benches or side-hills just above
high water; in this portion of trail a considerable number of heavy evergreen thickets
had to be cut through; the work on this trail, from one to seven miles of it, was of
much the same nature, excepting more grading required on Nos. 4-|, 5, 6 and 7; miles
8, 9, 10 and 11 \, very heavy grading, and heavy timber blown down in every direction
had to be cut through; the road-bed is good, except in few places where sliding sand
and gravel might need slight repairs each spring after the snow goes off; the balance
of the trail, road-bed average good; bridge built across Cameron Creek and laid with
good heavy cedar split corduroy; the trail as far as built (12 miles) furnished an outlet for the Leadville and Iron Mountain Mineral Claims, which lie on either side of
Goat River country, which appears to be well mineralized, and promises, now it can be
got into, a rapid increase in mining and locations; mile posts have been established
every mile.
Nelson Mining Division.
Athabasca Waggon Road.
Cleared forest    58,000
square
yards, 25
Graded                  6,940
„      12
Ditched                    300
2
Cribbed                    150
II
Excavated earth 6,460
i,      12
ii           rock      500
„      10
Filled in                   100
„     12
Built 20 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 15 feet by 20 feet long.
The total length of road built 20,881 feet, and was built according  to  specifications furnished by Mr. A. E. Hodgins, Government Engineer. 838 Public Works Report. 1898
Forty-nine Creek Trail.
Repaired   trail   from  Nelson  to  Forty-nine  Creek;    cut  brush;    repaired  bridges  and
corduroy, and picked the stones off.
Built half mile of new trail round rock bluff.
Erie to Craigtown Waggon Road.
Cleared forest
12,320 yat
ds, 25
Grubbed
3,100      ,
12
Graded
12,300      ,
,      12
Ditched
1,000      ,
i       2
Corduroyed
400      i
,      12
Cribbed
720     ,
T
Excavated earth 21,602 cubic yards, 8 feet wide, 4 to 8 feet deep,
rock     3,320 6 4
Filled in 21,902 „ 3
Built 13 culverts, averaging 4 feet by 15 feet by 2 feet.
Built 5 bridges, averaging 50 feet by 14 feet.
This road was built by contract (W. D. Glaze, Midway, Contractor), and, commencing at
the Town of Erie on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway, follows the North Fork
of the Salmon River to Craigtown, a distance of 7 miles. From that point to the
Second Relief Mine, Messrs. Finch & Campbell, the owners of the Second Relief,
built the remaining portion, a distance of 6 miles, at their own expense. The
maximum grade is 6 %. Price per mile, $861.67. The total length of the road is
13 miles.
Nelson Wharf.
Jas. McDonald, Contractor.
Piles driven, 2,422 feet, @ 24 cts  per foot.
The T at the end of the wharf was to have been enlarged, and the piles on the west side
driven to widen the approach and the floor repaired after high water.    The vote of
$1,000 was not sufficient to cover the new piles with new floor.
Silver King Waggon Road (repairs).
Grubbed 600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 200
3
12 ii 6 inches deep.
Excavated earth 250      n      12
i, rock    250      n      12
Filled in 100
Macadamized        600
Repaired 4 culverts.
Repaired 3 bridges.
Six-Mile Creek Waggon Road.    (Up Six-mile Creek, West Arm of Kootenay Lake.)
15 feet wide.
Forest cleared
8J   miles,
15
Grubbed
4f      „
10
Graded
6f      ,.
9
,,
2
6
Corduroyed
325 yards,
12
Timbered
250      ii
8
Cribbed
1,320     i,
Excavated earth 7,920      n        8 feet wide, 6 feet high, on slope.
ii rock 3,000 cubic yards.
Filled in 1,500
Stoned 100 yards, 5 feet wide, average.
Made 34 culverts, averaging 12 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.
5        „ „        12      i,       3      i,      3    „
Built 1 bridge, 150      „     12      „      5    „
Built 36 bridges, n 14      n     12      „      6    » 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 839
This, road starting at the mouth of Six-mile Creek on the north side of West Arm of
Kootenay Lake, follows the course of the creek on the west bank, and crossing a low
pass at the summit runs in a north-east direction along the east bank of Lemon Creek.
It is 12^ miles long. Four miles of the road is a sleigh road. The waggon road portion
of it was built by day labour, and by contract (taken by Oro Mining and Milling Company, C. A. Wing, Supt.). The amount done under contract was about 5Jr miles.
The Government appropriation of $8,000 was not sufficient to permit of the entire
length of the road being completed as a waggon road. The balance of the road was
built by the Oro M. & M. Co., as well as the four miles of sleigh road, at a cost of
$4,000. The road is on an easy grade, and is the inlet and outlet to a vast mineral
region, and there are at least 75 mineral claims within easy reach of this waggon road,
and if extended further up the Forks of Lemon Creek will enable many more claims to
become shippers. The road is the opening wedge for the development of the rich
Lemon Creek District.
Porcupine Creek Trail.
Cleared forest 7,920 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 7,920      „      4        n
Graded 7,920      „      4
Corduroyed 250      m      6        n
Built 2 bridges, averaging 40 feet by 8 feet.
The above comprised construction of 6 miles of new trail, and repairing 2^ miles of the
old trail.
Trail from Ymir to Bridge over Salmon River.
Cleared forest    1|- miles, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 1|      n        2 n
Graded if      „       2
Excavated rock 20 yards.
Stoned 28 feet long, 2 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Built 2 culverts, averaging 2 feet.
Ymir Bridge (over Salmon River).
Excavated rock 50 yards, 4 feet deep.
Built bridge 102 feet long by 12 feet wide.
Built pier, 8 feet by 16 feet, filled with rock.
Bridge over Salmon River (at mouth of Porcupine Creek, and clearing out trail from Ymir
to Porcupine Creek).
Cleared forest      3,520 yards,
6 feet wide.
Graded                 3,520      „
2
Excavated earth     100      „
2         .1
Excavated rock         30      M
2        ii
Stoned                         25      M
2         ii
1 foot deep.
1
2 feet deep.
Built bridge, 75 feet by 12 feet wide.
This bridge was built sufficiently wide enough for a waggon road bridge; at present it is
only reached by a pack trail; one end of the bridge rests on solid rock, the other on a
crib 16 by 6 by 8 feet high, filled with rock.
Ymir to Porto Rico Siding Trail.
Cleared 7,040 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 1,000      „        4
Excavated rock 5 4 n 3 feet deep.
Built 2 culverts, each 25 feet by 8 feet.
Trail is about 4 miles in length, and was built over the route for the great part of the
distance of the old railway Tote road. 840 Public Works Report. 1898
Ymir to Craigtown Trail.
Cleared forest 14,960 y
irds
6 feet
wide.
Grubbed
14,080
ii
6
i
Graded
3,520
ii
4
|
Ditched
100
ii
1
1
Corduroyed
50
ii
8
11
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet by 2 feet.
Trail is 9|- miles long, and consists of 8J miles of new trail, and 1J miles of an old trail
cleared of logs and improved.
Slocan Mining Division.
Cody Creek Trail (Extension of South Fork of Carpenter Creek trail).
An appropriation of $500 was made by the Government for this trail, which is 3J miles
in length, and is a very good trail; it now lacks about 1 mile to reach the head of the
Creek.
New Denver Streets.
One street was graded and grubbed (Kildare) for a distance of 200 yards ; 20,000 feet of
lumber was purchased ; a sidewalk was constructed along Slocan Avenue 400 feet;
Kildare Street, junction of Slocan and Sixth Street, for 200 feet; at end of Seventh
Street a junction was made, and at the end of Sixth Street a junction was made for 100
feet; the sidewalk on Seventh Street was constructed, and the street graded to enable
a waggon to pass, for 150 feet; considerable grading in levelling the road in Sixth
Street was done, this being the principal street, and a pitch of a hill was made more
easy of access.
New Denver-Three Forks Waggon Road.
An allowance had previously been made for the construction of this road ; a further grant
of $3,000 was made by the Legislature, the road previously constructed being narrow ;
much more rock was encountered than was expected by the contractor, and the canyon
being narrow, much side-hill cutting was required, the steep grade necessitated big
cuts ; distance, 5^ miles ; 2-f miles being more or less rock ; there were no bridges constructed.
New Denver-Silverton Wagon Road.
A grant in aid of this road had already been made, and an additional $1,000 was set
apart by the Government for the purpose of transforming this road, constructed in the
first place wide enough for a sleigh, into a waggon road. The road bed was widened
to 10 feet.    The distance is 4 miles,    There were 75 yards of rock work done.
North Fork of Carpenter Creek Trail.
Three hundred dollars was expended in improving the trail previously constructed, for a
distance of 3 miles.    There is now a very good trail for this distance.
Silverton Waggon Road.
This road had already been constructed. A grant of $4,000 was made for improvement,
the former road being too narrow and the banks in places too precipitous ; numerous
slides had filled in the road ; a great deal of cribbing has been done, the banks being
very steep; distance, 9 miles; the canyon being narrow a great deal of rock h id
to be removed.
Built 3 bridges. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 841
Trail to California Mine.
A grant of $150  was  made to  improve  this  trail  a distance of 3-^ miles,  which was
expended in widening the switchbacks.
Wilson Creek Trail.
This trail was built by Mr. A. H. Blumenauer up Wilson Creek for 3| miles.
Slocan City Mining Division.
North Fork of Ten Mile Creek (Slocan Lake) Trail.
Cleared forest, 4   miles, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed, 3J    n        3        n
Graded, 3^    n 3 n
Excavated rock, 150   yards,   4        n 2 feet deep.
Filled in, 50 4        „ 3
Built 3 culverts, 3 feet by 4 feet by 4 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
Bridge Across Slocan River at Slocan City.
This is now under process  of  construction, and will  be for foot passengers, and afford
ingress and egress to and from West Slocan.
Springer Creek Waggon Road.
Forest cleared,        5,800 yards, 20   feet wide.
Grubbed, \ mile,    12 „
Graded, 3f    „ 9
Ditched, 300 yards,    1.5      i,
Cribbed, f mile,    12 n
Excavated earth, 15,000 cubic yards.
Excavated rock,     2,000 „
Filled in, 5,000
Made 7 culverts averaging 2 feet by 3 feet by 4 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 100 feet long, 25 feet high, 16 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 80 feet long, 20 feet wide by 40 feet high.
(These figures are roughly approximate by estimation, the foreman being away).    The
road is constructed almost entirely along a steep hill side, south of Springer Creek, and
entailed heavy work.
Trail Creek Mining Division.
Beaumont Trail.
Forest cleared 2,710 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,710      „      4
Graded 2,710      „      3
Corduroyed 8      n      5 n
This is a branch trail, leaving  Murphy Creek Trail near the 7-Mile Post, and  running
down the east slote of Green Mountain.
Dewdney Trail (repairs).
Forest cleared 4 miles, 8 feet wide.
Corduroyed 100 yards, 5 „
Built bridge, 150 feet by 6 feet.
This comprised repairs to 16 miles of above trail, commencing at Rossland and ending at
the Summit, between Big Sheep Creek and Christina Lake. Forest cleared
5,283
Grubbed
5,283
Graded
5,283
Ditched
5,283
Corduroyed
127
Cribbed
43
Excavated earth 4,958
Excavated rock
325
Dominion Mountain Trail.
Forest cleared 6,746 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 6,746      n      4
Graded 6,746      „      3
Corduroyed 10      n      5 n
This is a branch trail from near the 10-Mile Post on the Murphy Creek Trail to Dominion
Mountain.
Lookout Mountain Road (near Trail, B.C.)
5,283 yards, 30 feet wide.
12
12
14
2\ feet high.
6 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
6        „ 7        „
Built 12 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built 6 bridges, averaging 25 feet long.
This road commences on a bench above and behind the town of Trail, approached by
Spokane Street, and extending up the side of Lookout Mountain ; consists of a series
of switchbacks, and is almost all side-cutting and filling.
Murphy Creek Trail (repairs).
Forest cleared 3,520 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 3,520      „      4
Graded 3,520      n      3
Corduroyed 425      n      5 n
The foregoing comprises general repairs to this trail for 10 miles, and also 2 miles of new
trail built.
Northport Waggon Road (repairs).
Cleared forest 595   yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 360        n      15        „
Graded 6\ miles, 10        n
Ditched 6 \      n
Cribbed 270   yards,    5 n
Excavated earth and rock 270        n        6 ,. 6 feet deep.
Filled in 270 6 6
Built 11 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
Repaired 1 bridge, 50 feet by 14 feet by 5 feet.
Made repairs from Rossland City limits to the International Boundary Line.
Norway Mountain Trail.
Cleared forest  15,013 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 15,013      „      4
Graded 15,013      „      3
Corduroyed 376      n      5        n
This is an extension from the 12-mile post at the head of Murphy Creek to Big Sheep
Creek at the foot of Norway Mountain.
Red Mountain Waggon Road.
Forest cleared 4,280 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,280      „      12
Graded 4,280      „      11
Ditched 4,280      ., 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 843
Built 5 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Built 5 bridges, n 40    n       14    i,
This is a continuation of a road from the "Jumbo" Mine around Red Mountain, connecting with a road from the City of Rossland to Blue's Sawmill, and was surveyed and
located by H. B. Smith, Esq.. C.E., and consists of side cutting the whole distance,
principally earth, gravel and boulders, although there was a large amount of rock
required blasting, and a considerable portion of the road was through very heavy
timber.
The total length of the road was 12,838 feet.
Trail Creek Waggon Road (repairs).
Built 23 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Made general repairs from Rossland City limits to Trail, a distance of  6J miles;   cut out
the lower side of the road and filled ruts and ditched   upper side for a distance of four
miles, also blasted out boulders and rock in road-bed.
Streets in Trail, Spokane Street.
Graded 300 yards, 25 feet wide.
Made side cutting in earth 225 yards, 10 feet average depth.
Filled in 75 yards, average depth 6 feet.
Built culvert, 45 feet long, by 3 feet by 4 feet.
30 „ 1       „      2    „
Bay Avenue.
Graded 950 feet, 14 feet wide.
Ditched on upper side.
Built 6 culverts, averaging 15 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Cedar Avenue.
Graded 100 feet long by 65 feet wide, by 15 inches cut.
90 „ 65 m 15      ,,     fill.
Eldorado Street.
Graded 50 feet by 65 feet wide by 16 inches fill.
Victoria Street.
Graded 370 feet, 16 feet wide.
ii 95     ,,     12 ii 15 inches fill.
Pine Avenue.
Clearing of old trees, stumps and rocks, and filling holes where necessary.
Spokane Street Extension.
Graded 500 yards, 200 feet, 25 feet wide and 300, 15 feet wide.
Built 2 culverts, averaging 25 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Blasted out a number of large boulders and stumps.
This is an extension of the above street on to and joining the Lookout Mountain Waggon
Road.
Two Jacks Trail.
Cleared Forest 2,580 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,580      „      4
Graded 2,580      „      3
Corduroyed 30      n      5        n
This is a branch from the Murphy Creek Trail commencing near the 11-mile post, and
running down the N.E. Fork of Big Sheep Creek. 844 Public Works Report. 1898
Buildings.
Rossland Government Buildings.
Cleared, excavated for and built in stone foundations, and 42 brick piers, 17 inches by 17
inches by 7 feet high.
All work was done by day labour.
Slocan City Lock-up.
Contractor, Howard Ferguson, Trail, B. C.
A small, square building with a hipped roof, 22 feet square on the outside, divided inside
into 3 cells, size, 6 feet 9 inches by 7 feet; kitchen, 6 feet 10 inches by 13 feet 6 inches;
constable's room, size, 13 feet 10 inches by 8 feet.
Ymir Lock-up.
S. L. Graham, Contractor, $515.00.
A small, square building with a hipped roof, 22 feet square on the outside, divided into 2
cells, 6 feet 9 inches by 7 feet; kitchen, 13 feet 10 inches by 10 feet; constable's bedroom, 6 feet 10 inches by 10 feet; the space below the roof is floored and is intended
for a store-room for Government tools, etc.
Old Gaol at Nelson.
Repairs and alterations to old gaol building at Nelson, now used as offices for Provincial
Police, Timber Inspector and Inspector of Offices ; cost of alterations in the neighborhood of $650.00.
Vault (New Denver Government Office).
Contractor, M. McLean, New Denver.
Foundation, 11 feet 6 inches by 11 feet 6 inches, and 3 feet deep, composed of rock laid
in mortar of lime and sand; the rock work started 18 inches or 20 inches below the
surface. Brick work : all the outside walls laid to a line with all points struck flush and
corners plumb, tape-finished off with a dental surface ; all the inside walls are laid true
and plumb, with an air space of 3 inches between outside walls; all walls are banded
together ; roof is constructed with 2 arches resting on steel girder in centre ; all of
brick 9 inches thick, with 10 inches concrete on top ; all arches anchored together with
iron rods; roofs finished off with a water-shed roof, laid with tin, well put on and
soldered ; two sides of exterior walls and roof with 2 coats of paint; all points in brick
work striped ; all the exterior walls and ceiling are plastered; one good coat of lime
and sand ; the floor is laid with cement; doors are fire-proof; size, 2 feet 6 inches by 6
feet 6 inches, built into brick walls; inside measurement of vault, 8 feet by 8 feet and
8 feet high ; inside fixtures are all of wood put up in the form of shelving and pigeon
holes.
Rossland Public School House.
J. F. Pease Furnace Co., contractors, $2,475.00.
Supplied and erected a heating and ventilating apparatus, comprising 4 No. 50 Economy
soft coal and wood heaters ; 2 No. 8 Economy ventilating stock heaters furnished with
fire tools, dampers for regulating the warm and cold air inlets, including warm and cold
air gratings for each of the eight class rooms, halls and teachers' rooms, everything
complete and in working order. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 845
East Kootenay District.
 o	
Northern Division.
Donald Mining  Division.
Beaver River Trail ($2,273.50).
Cut out and graded new trail from Bear Creek Station up the Beaver River 29 miles,
including bridging of Grizzly Creek, leaving about five miles more trail to cut through
to the Bennison group of claims.
Grizzly Creek Trail ($68.81).
Cut out 10 miles of trail.
Canoe River Trail ($800).
Cut out 80 miles of old trail and made general repairs from Donald, North, down the
Columbia River to Canoe River and up the Canoe, cut a new trail for 45 miles,
leaving about 45 miles more to complete connection to Tete Jeune Cache on the
Fraser River, the last portion being a fairly open country.
Bald Mountain Trail ($144).
Graded and widened 4 miles, corduroyed 75 feet, built one short bridge.
Gids Creek Trail ($92).
Cut and graded 7 miles of new trail.
Blue Water Bridge ($22.25).
Put rip-rap around pier and made general repairs.
Wait-a-Bit Bridge ($121.50).
Built a new pier and filled in with rock, put on new flooring, and lengthened approach.
Wait-a-Bit Trail ($196.04).
Cleaned out 7 miles of trail and cut and graded 5 miles of new trail.
Bleaberry Creek ($136.25).
Cut 25 miles of new trail.
Porcupine Creek ($171.23).
Cleaned out 20 miles of trail and general repairs.
Bear Creek ($65).
Cut out wind falls.
Little Brother Claim ($100).
Cut and graded 2 miles of trail.
Donald Street ($77.50).
Grading. 846 Public Works Report. 1898
Main Trunk Road ($25.60.)
Made general repairs between Donald and Golden.
Miscellaneous ($99.35).
Tools, etc.
Golden Mining Division.
Main Trunk Road (Total length in North-East Kootenay 145 miles).
Work on portion between Golden and Sinclair ($1,927.43).
Forest cleared,       1,532 yards.
Graded, 150
Ditched, 2,166
Filled in, 75
Gravelled, 2,162
Brush mattresses, 1,285
Creek beds cleaned  out to keep stream in channel to prevent flooding of road, 3,959
yards.
Road changed, 125 yards.
Culverts re-built, 7.
Bridges re-built, 2.
Kicking Horse River, Golden ($2,244.55).
Approaches  to the bridge (carried over from last year) 1,000 lin. feet of cribwork  on
south side of river, faced with false embankment and mattress work.
Raised crib on the north side.
Golden Streets ($485.60).
Gravelled and filled low spots on main road and streets.
Built a sidewalk.
McMurdo District, Maintenance of Trails 124 Miles ($1,589.04),
Graded, 5 miles.
Ditched, 275 yards.
New bridges, 386 feet.
McMurdo District.
Cut through snow slide, 450 feet by 20 feet by 6 feet.
Cut and graded 5 J miles of new trail.
Bugaboo Creek ($143.52).
Cut out fallen timber and changed location of trail.
Irwin-Butte Trail ($25.00).
Cut and graded new trail.
Fifteen-Mile Creek Trail ($22.00).
Cut out wind-falls.
Miscellaneous ($28.00). 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 847
Windermere Mining Division.
Dutch Creek ($546.75).
Cleared 25^- miles of trail.
Graded 8 miles of new trail.
Bridged 325 feet.
Trunk Road, Sinclair to Canal Flats, ($1,372.89).
Keeping grades clear of snow last winter.
General repairs and cutting around soft spots in the spring.
Re-placed 60-foot span and approaches of bridge across Dutch  Creek carried away by
freshet.
Kootenay River Bridge ($146.25).
Raised pier and placed rock around the pier.
Watched and cleared drift-wood during high water.
Toby Creek Trail ($228.15).
Cut out and general repairs.
Built 2 boats for the salmon beds.
Horse Thief Creek and Tributaries ($305.00).
Cut out and made general repairs.
No. 2 Creek ($150.00).
Cut and graded 8 miles of new trail.
Southern Division.
East Kootenay Trunk Road.
Maintained 98 miles of waggon road and bridges.
Graded 100 yards of side-hill diversion at Wasa, 9 feet wide.
Built bridge over Wild Horse Creek at Indian Agency (not completed) ; 9 bents of 4
piles ; average depth driven, 6 feet; 2 trestle bents ; 2 sets of bank mud-sills ; 306
lineal feet of superstructure, consisting of 4 stringers 12 inches by 12 inches with 4-in.
fir flooring; guard rail and hand-rails; north approach, a side hill graded 120 yards in
length, 8 feet in width ; south approach, a side hill graded 220 yards in length, 8 feet
in width.
Improved Road in vicinity of Sand Creek.
Removed boulders and stumps on 5 miles, 10 feet in width.
Corduroyed 200 yards hi length, 16 feet wide ; the corduroy is practically a bridge, being
laid 18 inches above the surface.
Re-Placed Pack Bridge (over Sand Creek with a waggon bridge).
New work consists of 4 stringers 40 feet long, 60 lineal feet of floor and railing.
Opened 7 Miles of New Road (from Elk Bridge to Rock Creek).
Forest cleared 1\ miles, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed in wheel ruts only, 5£ miles.
Graded 270 yards, 8 feet wide. 848 Public Works Report. 1898
Opened 14 Miles of New Road (from Elk Bridge to U. S. boundary).
Forest cleared      6 miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded 100 yards,   8        i.
Built 5 bridges, averaging 20 feet each.
Built a bridge over Elk River at the foot of the Canyon, described as follows : Northern
approach 43 chains in length ; all on steep side-hill; constructed with a rise of one in
seven, with meeting places 66 feet in length every 10 chains ; part of the excavation
being in rock ; northern abutment (built on the rock) all above low water; width of
face, 14 feet; average height, 18 feet; average depth, 23 feet; average width at the
back, 30 feet; this is the part of the work most exposed to high water and drift-wood,
and it has been built very strong; a span of 90 feet in the clear, with 4 stringers
strengthened by corbels, underbracing and straining pieces; the stringers will be 18
feet above high water mark ; a pier laid on a gravel bottom in an eddy ; it measures
15 feet by 40 feet at the base, and 15 feet by 22 feet at the top, and is 18 feet high ;
it is surmounted by trestle bents which support the bridge spans; a span of 40 feet in
the clear, consisting of 4 stringers with corbels ; the shore end rests on a trestle bent
set on the solid rock at high water mark ; a rock cut 25 feet in length, the material
being used to fill the pier ; a trestle 100 feet in length to avoid rock excavation ; it has
5 bents, of an average height of 20 feet, resting on rock, and 4 stringers and a floor 4
inches thick. Southern approach, 57 chains long, of the same description as the north-
em approach.
Branch Waggon Roads.
Maintained Central Road (Fort Steele to Cranbrook) 11 miles,
do 21 miles Central Road to Wardner.
do 13      ii ii to Mark Creek, via the Mission,
do 13      ii    Cranbrook to Swansea,
do 9      'I    Fort Steele to Victoria Gulch, Wild Horse,
do bridge over Kootenay River at Fort Steele,
do ii      over St. Mary's River at the Mission.
Improved and strengthened Central Road through Westport.
Forest cleared 1,320 lineal yards, 46 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,320 n 20        ,.
Graded 1,320 .. 18
Ditched 1,000 n 8        „ 3 feet deep.
Raised level of road    350 n 3 feet to 6 inches high.
Improved 15 miles of road between Central Road and Wardner.
Forest cleared 10 feet wide, 15 miles.
Grubbed boulders and roots from ruts 15 miles.
Ditched 200 yards in length.
Made 1 culvert.
Graded about 3 miles.
Opened New Road from Central Road to the Mission—3 miles.
Forest cleared 3 miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded side hill 330 lineal yards, 7 feet wide, heavy work.
Graded 1,000 yards, lineal, 8 feet wide, light work.
Opened New Road from Cranbrook Station towards Swansea—\ mile.
Forest cleared \ mile, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed roughly ^ mile, 6 feet wide.
Built 4 culverts, averaging 5 feet by 2 feet by 16 feet. 62 Vict. Public Works Report.
Opened New Road from the Mission towards Skookum-Chuck—1 mile.
Graded side hill 290 yards, 8 feet wide, heavy work.
ii ii        250      ii      8 ii light work.
Opened New Road from Wasa to Tracy—4 miles.
Forest cleared 4 miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded 2     n        9        n
Wild Horse Road.
Renewed 1 bridge.
Opened New Road from Trunk Road to Bull River Pack Bridge—5| miles.
Forest cleared 5J miles, 8 feet wide.
Graded 1       „      7
Opened New Road from Fenwick's, Lot 38. to Bull River Bridge—5 miles.
Forest cleared 5 miles, 8 feet wide.
Graded \     „     8        n
Opened Road from Elk Bridge to Elko—8 miles.
Forest cleared 1 mile, 16 feet wide.
Forest clearing, widened, 7 miles, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed roots and boulders from waggon ruts, 8 miles.
Extended St. Mary's Road (from Mark Creek to Matthew Creek).
Forest cleared 4,532 lineal yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 4,532 n 5 n
Graded 4,092 ,, 8
Made 12 culverts, averaging 3 feet by 3 feet by 12 feet.
Built 4 bridges, averaging 25 feet by 4 feet by 12 feet,
Built bridge over Matthew Creek 60 feet long.
Trails.
Improved St. Mary's Trail (between Matthew Creek and Baker Creek—14 miles).
Forest cleared     6 miles, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 6     n        3 ,i
Graded 9    „      3
Corduroyed     120 yards, 4        n
Removed small boulders, and smoothed trail over rock slides.
Blasted 25 large boulders.
Extended St. Mary's Trail up West Fork—29 miles.
Forest cleared 25 miles, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 25     n       3 n
Graded 15    n      3        „
Built 2 bridges, 25 feet each.
Built 1 pier for an old bridge.
Corduroyed 102 lineal yards, 4 feet wide.
Aided construction of trail up North Fork of St. Mary's—5 miles,
do ii Alki Creek—2 miles.
New Trail up White Fish Creek—3| miles.
Forest cleared 3| miles, 8   feet wide.
Graded 2        n    2|        ,,
Built 1 bridge, 18 feet by-14 feet. 850 Public Works Report. 1898
Perry Creek.
Cut out trail.
Weaver Creek.
Cut out trail.
Moyie River above Weaver Creek.
Cut out trail.
North Fork of Wild Horse.
Cut out trail 2\ miles.
Forest cleared \ mile.
Graded \    n
Built bridge, 55 feet long 10 feet wide.
East Fork of Wild Horse.
Built bridge, 60 feet long 10 feet wide.
Opened new trail.
Forest cleared 4 miles 8 feet wide.
Graded 4    n     3        n
Grubbed 2    „     3
Boulder Creek, Wild Horse.
Opened new trail 10 miles.
Forest cleared 10 miles 8 feet wide.
Grubbed 10    h      3 n
Graded 10    n      3 n
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 8 feet by 6   feet.
,i     1     m 10      i,      8       „      31   „
Main Wild Horse Trail.
Extended \ mile.
Forest cleared 596 lineal yards 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 596 n 2        n
Graded 66 h 3 n
Wardner Streets (including approach from Trunk Road to Ferry Landing).
Graded 230 lineal yards 30 feet wide.
Corduroyed    20 n 12 n
Cribbed 70 n average height 5 feet.
Excavated    100 n average 3 feet deep.
Fort Steele Streets.
Graded Riverside Street, 780 lineal yards 60 feet wide.
Built sidewalk Riverside Street, 990 lineal feet, material furnished by citizens,
ii St. Mary's Street, 675 lineal feet.
Government Buildings.
Built fence around buildings at Fort Steele.
Laid water pipe for domestic use of gaol and for fire protection.
Built an additional chimney. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 851
Cassiar District.
Bella Coola.
Bella Coola Waggon Road.
Chr. Carlson, Foreman.
Built 2 bridges, 68 feet long, 10 feet wide, 15 feet high.
Cleared trail of boulders, stones and trees.
Straightened a distance of 5 miles at upper end of Atuarko Valley.
Re-placed a burnt bridge on Beaver Dam and cleared out burnt timber.
Made a new trestle and 30 feet of new planking and boarding up the long bridge.
Clearing out log jam.
Grubbed 3,520 yards 12 feet wide.
Graded       110    n      12
Ditched     100 3        „
Made 5 culverts, averaging 3 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Built 5 bridges, „ 26      „      14      „       5|  „
Repaired 220 yards of road previously made and partly washed out.
Noosatsum Division.
Chr. Carlson, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 1,100 yards, 8 feet wide.
Grubbed, 880      „
Made 2 culverts, averaging 30 feet by 12 feet by 4 feet.
Built a bridge, 340 feet long, 10 feet wide, 10 feet high.
Built 3 piers, 8 feet deep and filled with stone.
Hazleton and Omineca Trail.
C. Bentley Jones, Foreman.
Cut new trail, 31 miles.
Corduroyed 2,500 yards.
Graded 1,900 yards.
Repaired old trail, 145 miles.
Bear River Trail.
Made general repairs.
Trail from Hazleton to Manson Creek.
A distance of 175 miles is now in good condition ; valuable  assistance has been rendered
by officers of the Hudson's Bay Co. in forwarding supplies.
Report on Trail from Telegraph Creek to Teslin Lake.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, 19th November, 1898.
Sir,—Pursuant to the instructions contained in your letter of the 11th August, I left
Victoria on the following morning for Glenora, on the Stikine River, via Nanaimo and
Wrangel, for the purpose : (1) of adjusting the accounts in connection with the construction
of a trail from the end of the waggon road at the summit of Telegraph Creek to Teslin Lake by Messrs. Mackenzie cfc Mann, under an arrangement with the Government as set forth in
a letter addressed to them by the late Premier, the Hon. J. H. Turner, bearing date the 15th
June last, and (2) of making an examination of the work performed.
On arriving at Glenora on the 18th August, I found that both the contractors' representative, Mr. W. C. Robinson, and Mr. Porter, the Government Agent, were out on the
trail. They returned, however, the following evening and informed me that there were at
least 125 men still working on the trail north of the Nahlin River towards Teslin Lake. This
was contrary to the impression that prevailed in the department, as the third paragraph of
your letter of instructions, which reads as follows, will show : "With reference to the paragraph (letter from Mr. Lewis Lukes, for Messrs. Mackenzie <fe Mann to the Government),
suggesting the continuance of the work during the whole of this month, I have to inform you
that it is not contemplated proceeding any further with the work, and that we are advised by
the contractors that they have ceased operations."
The object of my visit and the contents of the above paragraph were at once communicated to Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann's representative, who thereupon informed me that it
would be impossible to go into the accounts at Glenora with a view to a final settlement for
the reasons : (1) That the books and accounts in connection with the work executed up to the
end of July were in Vancouver, and (2) that operations were still in progress, no instructions
having been received to discontinue them. It being thus impossible to fulfil at that time
the first part of your instructions, preparations were begun to carry out the official inspection
of the trail.
It was desirable that both Mr. Porter, the Government Agent, and Mr. Robinson, the
contractors' representative, should accompany me on this inspection, but unfortunately the
former found that it would be impossible, as there were many other important public matters
requiring his attention at Telegraph Creek, wdiich could not longer be postponed. Mr.
Robinson, however, requested a delay in starting of two or three days, to allow him an opportunity of attending to matters which required settlement before he again left Glenora.
The price asked at Glenora at this juncture for transport to Teslin Lake was high. This
may be attributed : (1) to the very high price paid per pound—32 to 45c—for transportation
in connection with the Yukon Field Force, and (2) to the demand for pack animals by those
anxious to reach Teslin Lake and get down to Dawson before winter set in. After giving
the matter every consideration, I decided that the most economical course to pursue was to
purchase a small train of five horses, including the necessary equipment, for $275. By so
doing I estimated that both time and money would be saved. Even if the animals sold for
next to nothing on returning to Glenora, a saving would be effected of over $100.
To attend to the horses, pack, and the necessary cooking, the services of two experienced
men were engaged at the rate of $75 per month with board, and a third man secured to push
the measuring wheel at $3 per day with board.
The measuring wheel above referred to was the front wheel—28 inches diameter pneumatic tire—of a bicycle, with a cyclometer attached.
On the 23rd August I left Glenora and, after waiting until noon of next day for Mr.
Robinson, the contractors' representative, at their headquarters camp situated at the junction
of the Glenora and Telegraph waggon roads, a distance of 15.2 miles and 4 miles respectively
from these places, I pushed on towards Teslin Lake. Mr. Robinson overtook me at the 30th
mile post the second day out.
On the 31st August, at 12.45 p.m., camp was made at 124.5 miles from the Junction,
where good feed and water were to be found, and it was thereupon decided, as no good grass
was to be had near Teslin, to turn the horses out to recuperate and make the rest of the distance, said to be about 30 miles, on foot.
Leaving camp next morning at 8.30—an earlier start was not desirable on account of the
rain—Teslin was reached the following afternoon, the 2nd September, at 4 o'clock, the eleventh
day from Glenora.
Upon arrival the cyclometer was found to register 152.5 from the Junction, and a tree,
about the centre of the townsite, was blazed and marked to that effect. For the information
and encouragement of travellers, a tree alongside the trail at every five miles was conspicuously
blazed and the mileage from the Junction cut thereon.
The distance from Glenora to the Junction was subsequently ascertained to be 15.2 miles,
making the distance from the former point to Teslin 167.7 miles. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 853
Tables I and II, attached hereto as appendices, give interesting information regarding
distances and elevations as well as time and rate of travelling along the route.
It may here be explained that, simply as a matter of convenience, the initial point of
measurement was established at the centre of the bridge crossing Telegraph Creek at the
junction of the waggon roads mentioned above.
Four gangs, aggregating about 150 men, were observed working as follows : (1)9 men
completing the waggon road to the summit; (2) 70 men working on the trail between Nahlin
River and Spruce Mountain; (3) 25 men working on Spruce Mountain, and (4) 24 men
working on the trail within 6 miles of Teslin Lake.
After a rest in Teslin, we started on the return journey on Sunday, the 4th September,
picked up the horses at the camp where we left them, and reached Glenora on the 13th following, the 10th day, having made the round trip in 21 days.
Table III, attached thereto, gives information relating to time and rate of travelling of
return trip.
It is interesting to note (Tables II and III) that while the outward journey consumed
one more day than the return trip, the rate per hour did not vary.
On the 8th September, at 11 a.m., about one mile south of the Nahlin, I met Mr. T.
Holt, of Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann, on his way out to stop work on the trail.
The fact that none of the horses lost a shoe nor were in any worse condition at the close
of this somewhat rapid journey of 355.4 miles than they were in at the outset, is satisfactory
evidence of the excellent condition in which the trail has been placed.
Before the improvements were inaugurated it generally took from six to eight weeks to
make a round trip, and it was but seldom unaccompanied with the loss of some animals and
the injury and distress of others. I was informed by an experienced packer that had not the
trail been improved it would have been impossible to make more than two round trips in the
season.
The condition of some of the horses noticed returning from Teslin can only be described
as shocking. Sores on the withers and other parts touched by the pack-saddle were often 4
inches and even sometimes 10 inches square, very deep and discharging puss. Sore backs
may be to a certain extent, and in some instances are altogether so, due to inexperienced
packers; but even experienced ones had great difficulty and were not always successful in
saving their animals on this trail. Now, however, it is to be hoped that horses in such
a deplorable condition will be the exception, as the excuse will be removed. In this connection
a fair field is presented for the interference of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals.
The original trail—it can hardly be dignified by that name—was nothing more than an
unusually crooked path, the mud holes not corduroyed, the branches cut but seldom, even
then not wide enough to pass the pack without tearing or shifting it, winding backwards and
forwards in an apparently aimless way generally through the lowest and swampiest ground
and carefully avoiding the higher and drier ground to be found near by. The excuse for this
is that this was an old Indian hunting trail. These people, to whom time is no object, generally follow ground which entails least chopping, though it is difficult to realize what ultimate
advantage is gained thereby. The arduous and difficult character of this old trail is emphasized
by the dead animals strewn along its length.
The new trail, on the contrary, is generally located where dry and solid ground is to be
found, and where it was found impracticable to avoid mud holes and swamps these places have
been carefully corduroyed. In selecting its location it is apparent that as the work progressed
and the necessity for haste grew less urgent more attention was paid to obtaining not only
better ground but a more direct alignment and easier grades. Passing through timber the
clearing has been made from 10 to 15 feet wide to admit sunlight, an obvious advantage in a
country where the frost penetrates the ground so deeply, and the larger stumps and roots
have been removed to a width generally of 4 feet. Along side-hill, whether in rock, gravel,
or clay, the trail has been carefully graded to 4 feet. The corduroy of round logs and poles,
about 4 feet on an average between the guard poles, has been substantially built. It consists
in the first place of cross pieces laid on the ground, spaced three to four feet apart, on which
are placed the longitudinal pieces or stringers. On these latter are laid close together the
logs or poles which form the corduroy or floor. On each side on top of the corduroy are the
guard poles, secured to the longitudinals by 1| to If trenails. The space between the guards
is finally covered with any material, such as gravel,  clay or moss,  to be  obtained   near  by. 854 Public Works Report. 1898
Where suitable timber could not be procured within a reasonable distance, the bad places
have been laid with brush and the material from side ditches cast on top. Culverts of proper
dimensions and waterways have been put in, and in wet places catch water ditches have been
dug to convey the water thereto.
Across the Big Tahltan and Nahlin rivers—the two largest river crossings—substantial
bridges were built in the Spring, during Mr. Porter's absence in Victoria, under the direction
of Mr. Bullock-Webster. The former bridge consists of two spans of 40 feet each, the superstructure, of round logs, resting on timber pier and abutrnents filled with rock. There is a
corduroy approach on the north side about 110 feet long. The one over the Nahlin is similar
in character but longer, consisting of five spans of about 40 feet each, though the water surface
at present is only about 60 feet. The roadway of both is 10 feet, sufficiently wide to pass a
waggon. It is doubtful, should the rivers rise above their normal high water stage, if the
superstructure will not float off.
Under the improved conditions it is now possible to make the outer trip with a loaded
pack train—300 pounds at least on each animal—from Glenora to Teslin, 167.7 miles in fourteen days at the outside; while the return journey, light, can be made in from two to three
days less. And this can be done without injuring or distressing the animals. This means a
reduction in the cost of transportation between the above points of at least 50 per cent.
Of the distance—167.7 miles—between the points under reference, the first 21.2 miles
are a fairly well graded and well built waggon road, constructed by Messrs. Mackenzie &
Mann, 137f miles are newly built trail, and the remainder, 8-f miles, extending from the 115
mile post at Moose Lake to the 123| from the Junction of the old trail, the best part of it,
but requiring to be straightened a little and cut out to be equal to the rest. Of the 137|
miles of new trail, as it stands to-day, 117f miles were built by Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann,
and 20 miles under the direction of the Local Government Agent, Mr. Porter.
This 20 miles, however, does not represent all the work performed under Mr. Porter
since instructions were issued last Spring to place the trail in a passable state. Many isolated
portions of the worst places were repaired and improved, which it was deemed advisable to
abandon when Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann took hold of the work. Had Mr. Porter the advantage of experienced foremen who realized the importance of thoroughly exploring the country
ahead of him, no doubt more of the work done by his men and abandoned afterwards would
have been adopted for the new trail. It is difficult to arrive at an exact estimate of the
extent of what was done, but it must be judged by the results. Without doubt the efforts of
Mr. Porter succeeded in materially helping to relieve the blockade that existed at Glenora and
along the trail in the early Spring, when owing to the breaking up of the winter travelling-
was difficult and almost impossible.
The large number of people at Glenora and detained on the trail were induced to take
the Teslin route to Dawson by representations which afterwards proved to be incorrect.
Delay to these was a serious matter. It would probably entail suffering and expense which
they could not afford. The Government Agent carried out his instructions under most disadvantageous circumstances. The weather was bad, the frost was coming out of the ground,
reliable and experienced men to act as foremen were difficult to obtain, tools were scarce and
transportation was expensive and unreliable. When Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann's representative commenced operations he had the resources of a large contracting firm at his disposal
and the weather and other conditions were favourable.
The first instructions issued in connection with this work were dated the 6 th April last,
addressed by you, in Mr. Porter's absence from Glenora in Victoria, to Mr. Bullock-Webster.
The next were contained in a letter from the Hon. J. H. Turner, not dated, and of which
apparently a copy was not kept, received by Mr. Porter about the 29th of June last, which
reads as follows :
Premier's Office, Victoria.
To James Porter, Esq., Government Agent, Glenora,
Or Agent in charge there.
Sir,—From information received yesterday by way of a petition from a large number of
miners at Glenora, it is believed that it is a matter of urgent necessity that communication
between the Stickine and Teslin Lake be opened up as quickly as possible. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 855
You are instructed on receipt of this to push ahead with work on the trail as quickly as
possible, using your discretion as to the number of men to be engaged, but sufficient to secure
quick construction,
I understand the principal bridges are already finished. Proceed promptly and try and
relieve the congestion along the trail.    Keep the department posted weekly.
I have, etc., etc.,
(Signed) J. H. Turner,
Premier and Minister of Finance.
Mr. Porter returned from Victoria on the 22nd May. He immediately took men out to
augment the force already engaged under Mr. Webster, paying 30c per pound for transportation to Nahlin River. He remained with the men some days, when he returned to
Glenora about the 29th and received the above letter. On Mr. Porter's way in he met
Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann's representative, who informed him that his principals had
instructed him to construct the trail under an arrangement they had made with the Government dated 15th June. It is evident that the above letter of Mr. Turner to the Government
Agent at Glenora was written prior to the latter date. Mr. Porter not hearing definitely
concerning the above arrangement continued to act on his instructions until the receipt of
your final orders, dated 12th July last, received on the 6th August following, to discontinue
operations. There were at this time four Government gangs and one large contractors' gang
at work. As soon as Mr. Porter could reach the men he dismissed them on the 10th, 11th
and 12th of the same month, and such of them as could be utilized were engaged by the contractors. The latter also took over supplies and outfit belonging to the Government, valued
at about $2,000.
That there should have been a dual control of the work at this time seems to be due to
the inefficiency of the mail service.
It must not be overlooked that the improvements made by Mr. Porter greatly facilitated
the movements of the Yukon field force between Telegraph Creek and Teslin.
The total expenditure made by Mr. Porter in connection with this work between April
and September amounts to $24,214.51. From this must be deducted the value—$2,000—of
the supplies turned over by him to Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann, which leaves his outlay at
$22,214.51.
This, to anyone unacquainted with the conditions, would appear a very large expenditure
for what has been accomplished, but when the remoteness of the country and the altogether
exceptional circumstances surrounding the work are realized every allowance must be made.
To comprehend the following topographical description of the route, I beg to refer you to
the tracing accompanying this as well as to tables I, II and III attached hereto as appendices.
All elevations given are the approximate altitudes by Aneroid barometer above sea level.
When not otherwise mentioned, all distances are from Glenora.
Commencing at Glenora, the waggon road, constructed by the contractors as a tote road
in connection with the proposed railway to Teslin Lake, follows in a north-easterly direction,
though somewhat sinuously, the right bank of the Stickine for some 6 or 7 miles, then turning
to the left it winds up the foot hills, eventually reaching the Junction on Telegraph Creek,
15.2 miles from Glenora and 4 miles from Telegraph on the Stikine River, at the elevation of
1500 feet. From the Junction to the Summit, where the waggon road ends 6 miles further,
it ascends in a north-westerly direction the narrow valley of Telegraph Creek, crossing it
twice and passing the divide on the east side at an elevation of 3,390 feet 21.2 miles out.
Descending the northern slope, it crosses Twin Creeks, and then following the eastern edge of
a bench it descends to the Big Tahltan River, a glacier stream, crossing it at 29.8 miles at an
elevation of 1,980 feet. This latter river flows in an easterly direction and joins the Stickine
14 miles above the mouth of Telegraph Creek. Ascending the bench on the opposite side,
the trail follows a depression in the tongue of land, formed by the fork of the Big and Little
Tahltan rivers, reaching the right bank of the Little Tahltan at an elevation of 1,900
feet, 33.5 miles out. From this point the trail turns more towards the west and follows the
south side of the valley close to the foot of the mountain slope.    At 38 miles it leaves the 856 Public Works Report. 1898
Little Tahltan, and crossing the north side of the divide follows the base of the mountain—
with three exceptions where it is necessary to ascend the side hill to avoid heavy rock work—
passing Kinnicott and Hutchan lakes on the right down the valley of the Chesley River, a
tributary of the Taku, to what is called Hudson's Bay Post, though no post exists there at the
present time, at the base of Egnelle Mountain near the junction of the Chesley and Egnelle.
The elevation at this point is 1870 feet and the distance 54.2 miles. Leaving the Post the
trail crosses the Egnelle River and ascends the mountain, by what is called Switch Backs, to
the summit—so-called, though the highest point is three miles further on—of Egnelle Mountain at 3,810 feet elevation ; distance 57^ miles.
Looking up the valley in a north-easterly direction it appears possible to avoid the steep
climb up the face of this mountain by gradually ascending the east flank and taking advantage
of a pass or depression to the eastward, rejoining the trail at about the 62nd mile.
The winter road follows the Chesley Valley round the west side of Egnelle Mountain,
uniting again with the trail at the Half-Way House.
This is said to be an impossible route for anything but a winter road on account of the
heavy work that it would entail.
Continuing northward from the summit the trail skirts swamps and knolls and winds in
and round lakes which abound on the mountain top, and crosses the Dudedontu, a tributary
of the Nahlin River, flowing almost due north, at an elevation of 3,630 feet, 64.4 miles out.
From this on to the Nahlin River the trail follows the western slope of the mountain, crossing
Cache Creek, Mosquito Creek and Lost Creek, then passing the divide follows down the right
bank of the Koskin River, also a tributary of the Nahlin, flowing due north. Up to the
divide from the summit of Egnelle Mountain the elevation is never below 3,000 feet. The
country hereabouts slopes to the north-west, and being sparsely timbered an excellent view is
afforded of the country spread out in that direction. Continuing from the divide the trail,
pressing easterly, crosses en route, Kaha Creek, elevation 2,2990 feet; Deadhorse Creek,
elevation, 2,840 feet ; Fourteen-Mile Creek, elevation 2,860 feet ; Salmon Creek, elevation
2,230 feet; and reaches the Nahlin River at an elevation of 2,170 feet, 108.5 miles distant.
Ascending the bench on the right bank of the Nahlin River to an elevation of 2,440 feet, the
ground still rising, the trail doubles round the south end of Long Lakes, passes Camp Plentiful, 117.4 miles, elevation 2,760 feet. Beyond this, about two miles, the trail ascends
Spruce Mountain, reaching the top of the abrupt slope at an elevation of 3,210 feet, 119^
miles. The trail thence continues to rise until it reaches 3,920 feet at 127|- miles. At an
elevation of 3,750 feet, 130 miles, the divide, parting the waters flowing south to the Nahlin
and those flowing north to Teslin Lake, is reached. Continuing from there along the east
shore of Moose Lake to the 137th mile, a view opens up of the Teslin valley, bearing due
north. Thence, skirting the hill side to the left, the trail gradually descends to the low land
of the valley at 144 miles, elevation 3,000 feet. Proceeding in a northerly direction, taking
advantage of dry ridges which exist, the trail touches the left bank of the Wxhite Swan River,
down which it follows to Teslin Lake ; elevation 2,300 feet, the distance being 167.7 miles.
At 139 miles from the Junction, where the old trail descended abruptly to the low
swampy land of the valley, an attempt was made by the men under Mr. Porter's instructions
to improve the trail by keeping up on the hill side to the left. This happened to be a mistake.
The hill side is intersected by deep ravines and in many places deep moss swamps exist.
Looking at the country from a distance it looks to be a good route, and it was only when too
late that the unfavorable nature of the ground was discovered. By keeping lower down the
hill and selecting dry ground where poplar grows a better location could have been obtained.
The length of this diversion is 11 miles, but though not what it should be is better than the
old trail winding among the swamps of the flats.
Where moss covers the ground, especially where the foliage is heavy, the frost was found,
at the time I was there, within 8 inches of the surface.
This accounts for the extreme coldness of the water to be found in springs and small
streams.
Good water is to be found in abundance along the trail. A glance at the tracing enclosed
herewith, Appendix II, will show that lakes and rivers are numerous along the whole length
of the trail. 62 Vict. Public Works Report. 857
The timber observed consists of spruce, jack pine, balsam, poplar, cottonwood and alder.
It is very small and in places scattered, so much so in some places difficulty was experienced
in obtaining enough for the corduroys. Little was seen along the trail that could be classed
as merchantable timber. A better quality may be found higher up on the mountain and in
the lateral valleys. At Teslin, however, larger and better timber is to be found. A sawmill built there belongs now to the Canadian Development Association. The charge for
lumber this year was, I was informed, $150 per M. This mill supplied the lumber of which
the S.S. Anglian, belonging to the same Company, was built.
In the open country where there are no trees, or where they are scattered, a low scrub
grows consisting of willow and two other varieties, one with a yellow flower with three petals,
of which I do not know the proper names.
The feed, consisting of bunch, red top and blue joint grasses, of good quality, is to be
found throughout. Both the quality and feed area will be largely increased next year over
the burnt area. Where fires destroyed the timber in previous years the young grass is
springing up and spreading in all directions. Good and plentiful feed is a most important
factor in packing economically over a long trail distant from the base of supplies. These
forest fires are not altogether an unmixed evil as long as the corduroys and bridges do not
suffer.
The means of transporting supplies over the trail are varied, and in some cases are
unique. Horses, mules, burros or donkeys, oxen and dogs are used. In some cases two-
wheel carts are dragged along by a single horse, mule or ox, but these must be abandoned
sooner or later. Two old men were noticed wheeling loaded barrows along the trail on
Egnelle Mountain, 57 miles from Glenora ; it had taken them three months to get that far.
Of all animals used on this trail the ox is the most useful in wet ground. They are slow but
patient. Those noticed along the trail and at Teslin were in better condition than either
horses or mules.
It has been estimated that up to the time of my visit at least 3,500 people and 800 tons
of supplies had passed over the trail since May, in addition to 100 head of beef cattle and 700
sheep.    The latter arrived in good order without loss.
On the return trip I counted from the trail in passing 74 parties pressing towards
Teslin and about 500 head of cattle. Assuming an average of three persons and five horses
to each party—a low estimate—the aggregate would represent 222 people and 370 horses.
In addition about 520 head of beef cattle in good condition were passed. These latter came
over the Ashcroft trail. There were other parties I heard of but did not see. At Glenora
many who have waited all summer for the trail to be made passable still remained undecided
as to their future movements. These are augmented from time to time by arrivals via the
Edmonton and Ashcroft trails.
The majority of those met on the trail and all who start forward subsequently this
autumn will not get any further than Teslin before severe weather sets in. There they must
remain until the river opens again, unless they attempt a winter's journey of 475 miles to
Dawson, or of from 50 to 60 miles to Atlin Lake. Many, I am convinced, will not reach
Teslin this winter, and of these some will have exhausted their provisions before the trail
becomes passable again. Supplies can be obtained, however, in Teslin, but those whose
resources are limited will doubtless be subjected to a great deal of suffering.
The townsite of Teslin is situated on sloping ground at the south end of Teslin Lake on
the west shore. At the time of my visit there were probably from 100 to 120 people living
there, the majority of whom were preparing to go by the river to Dawson. Two well-stocked
stores do business in the town—the Hudson's Bay Co. and Messrs. Callbreath & Wright.
There are three or four saloons, but no hotels. Several people commenced to build—the sawmill across the Lake supplying the lumber—but have abandoned their houses half finished.
The Local Government offices are at the north end of the occupied portion of the townsite.
The rest of the habitations are tents.
I was informed when at Teslin that the steamer "Anglian," belonging to the Canadian
Development Company, on the return trip from Dawson had grounded about the 26th August
in the Hootalinqua River, about 150 miles below Teslin, and was unable to get any further.
It would be premature to assume upon the statement above that the Hootalinqua River is not 858                                           Public Works Report.                                        1898
navigable.     It is just possible that the steamer is not altogether adapted, in regard to draught
and power, for the navigation of a shallow, rapid river, or it may be that all that is required
to  overcome the difficulty is judiciously arranged  improvement works.      The   observations
necessary to establish the navigability or otherwise of this  River have not been extended far
enough to enable anyone to arrive at a satisfactory conclusion with regard to it.
Leaving Glenora on the evening of the 16th September, I reached Wrangel the following
day, and was obliged to remain at the latter place until the 20th, when I sailed by the S.S.
" Amur," arriving in Victoria on Friday, the 23rd, having been absent six weeks.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. C. Gamble,
Public Works Engineer.
APPENDIX A.
Table I.
Table of distances from Glenora and Telegraph Creek to the principal points on the Waggon
Road and Trail, and other information of interest regarding elevations and feed.
Points on Waggon Road and Trail.
From Custom House,
Glenora.
Miles.
From mouth
Telegraph
Creek.
Miles.
Approximate
elevation
above
sea level.
Feet.
Remarks.
Summit end of waggon road and com-
15.2
21.2
26
29.8
33.5
39.2
54.2
57.5
64.4
78.4
82.1
83.75
88.4
91.0
97.1
108.5
117.2
119.5
130.2
137.2
167.7
4
10
15
18.6
22.3
28
43
46.27
53.2
67.7
70.9
72.5
77.2
79.8
85.9
97.3
106
108.5
119
126
156.5
1,500
3,390
2,780
1,980
1,900
2,100
1,870
3,810
3,630
3,500
3,170
3,120
3,040
2,990
2,820
2,120
2,760
3,210
3,780
4,080
2,300
No feed.
Feed fair.
n    scarce.
„    good.
n   fair.
»    scarce.
a    fair.
n    good.
//    fair.
o       a
a       n
n       a
n       n
a    good but distant.
n    poor.
it    fair.
//       //
/;    poor.
Summit of Divide, between Little Tahl-
Halfwav House  	
14-Mile Creek	
Spruce Mountain	
Moose Lake	
Drizzle Hill	 02 Vict.
Public Works Report
859
APPENDIX B.
Table II.
Table of  daily travel of pack-train on Waggon Road and Trail from Custom House, Glenora,
to Teslin Lake.
Date.
August 23rd, 1898
24th, //
25th, „
26th, „
27th, n
28th, „
29th, „
30th, „
31st, „
Time travelling.
Dailv.
hr. min.
00
15
12 32
00
36
i
4
6    50
43
54
3    34
Totals.
hr. min.
8 J5
20 47
27 47
32 23
39 13
46 56
52 50
56 24
Miles travelled.
Daily.
15.2
11
24.8
14.6
12 75
18.85
20
12.9
9.6
Totals.
26.2
51
65.6
78.35
97.2
117.2
130.1
139.7
Remarks.
Headquarter Camp Junction.
Twin Creeks.
Rain.
124.5 miles from Jimctio
139.7 miles in 9 da3's' travel equals 15.3 miles per day.
139.7 miles in 56 hours 24 minutes of actual travelling equals a rate of 2.48 miles per hour.
Animals were loaded with from 200 to 250 Ihs. each.
APPENDIX C.
Table III.
Return journey of pack-train from the 124.5 miles to Glenora.
Travelling time.
Miles travelled.
Miles from
Junction.
Date.
Daily.
Totals.
Daily.
Totals.
Remarks.
September    6th. 1898   .
hr. min.
10    15
4    16
7 56
8 16
7    13
6   09
6   57
1    42
3    13
hr. min.
14    31
22    27
30    43
37    56
44    05
51 02
52 44
55    57
22.5
8.5
21.5
22.8
13.4
17.5
18.3
5.3
9.9
124.5
102
93.5
72
49.2
35.8
18.3
5.3
15.2
7th, /
„              8th,     ,
9th, ,
10th, /
11th, ,
12th, ,
12th, /
13th,    ,
31
52.5
75.3
88.7
106.2
124.5
129.8
139.7
Stopped for feed.
Junction ; rain.
23.6 miles in 8.39 hours; rain.
Glenora; rain.
139.7 miles in 8 days' travel equals 17.46 miles per day.
139.7 miles in 55 hours 57 minutes equals a rate of 2.48.
Animals were but lightly loaded.  62 Vict.
Public Works Report.
861
TENDERS  RECEIVED  AND  CONTRACTS   AWARDED
DURING   THE   YEAR   1898.
Nature or Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria City.
Work on Bureau of Mines Building	
Fitting   up   conductor   pipes	
E. Spillman,
painting outside only
$490 60
70 00
220 00
7,237 00
2,700 00
129 00
800 00
715 00
936 00
1,098 00
1,120 00
2,300 00
2,600 00
3,100 00
3,750 00
3,794 00
4,100 00
4,350 00
14,500 00
14,280 00
15,025 00
15,225 00
19,756 00
17,846 00
16,936 00
21,463 00
17,200 00
18,200 00
23,050 00
7,750 00
234 00
273 00
280 00
675 50
679 00
681 00
92 50
1,983 00
1,900 00
2.810 00
Awarded.
W. M. Ross	
Not awarded.
North Victoria.
W. M. Ross	
L. Arthur	
A. Fairfull	
Wm. Mulholland	
South Victoria.
Hamilton Bridge Wks Co., Ltd.
Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd  	
Victoria  Machinery Depot  Co.,
Ltd., A. Gray, Manager	
San Francisco Bridge Co	
Thos. Shaw	
J. V. S. Williams	
New Westminster City.
Steam heating Asylum	
R. J. Nott	
Awarded.
No. 2	
No. 3	
W. Gardner & Co	
Leek& Co., No. 1  	
No. 2	
New ward blocks, Asylum	
Two-story brick building, Asylum	
Westminster    District,    Chilliwaok
Riding.
Improvement on Court House	
W. Foster	
Marshall Bros	
Awarded.
Westminster District—Delta Riding.
Langley school-house  	
Jas. Layfield	
do.      patent desks	
School-house, Ladner	
Gorrum & Craig	
J. B. Elliott, No. 1	
No. 2	
D. Gilchrist	
Awarded. 862
Public Works Report.
1898
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Yale District—East Riding:
H. J. Hinckley	
$1,150 00
E. D. Boering       	
1,150 00
Awarded.
750 00
990 00
T.  E. Crowell	
R. B. Bell & Son	
1,000 09
670 00
Awarded.
Wm. L. Allan	
875 00
Public school, Okanagan Falls	
870 00
900 00
950 00
Thos. B. Winnett  	
E. D. Boering    	
975 00
Provincial Jail, Vernon 	
W. M. Ross 	
9,715 00
Not awarded.
,,           brick building   ....
12.500 00
Johnston & Gill (hot water)   ....
12,693 00
n             (hot air)	
11,823 00
H             brick building
hot water   ....
14,712 75
T. E. Crowell 	
12,759 00
ii            hot water	
13,794 00
ii            brick bldg, hot air
14,759 00
u            hot water	
15,794 00
R. B. Bell	
12,900 00
ii          hot water   .   	
13,900 00
,i          briek bldg, hot air . .
14,800 00
ii                   ii            hot water
15,800 00
13,344 00
Robert Dinsdale
Frame bldg and hot air
13,300 00
Brick and hot water . .
15,824 00
South Nanaimo.
H. C. Raymond	
Hy. McAdie	
765 00
765 00
Chs. G. Stevens	
785 00
H. C. Raymond    	
765 00
Awarded.
770 00
Hy. McAdie	
785 00
North Nanaimo.
Addition to school at Wellington	
Hy. McAdee	
765 00
Awarded.
835 00
Cowichan-Alberni District—
Cowichan Division.
Victoria-Nanaimo trunk road, Pimbury's
29 00
Awarded.
i,       No. 2,
85 00
Awarded.
,i      No. 2, Geo. A. Kier . . .
142 00
18 00
Awarded.
„      No. 3, Geo. A. Kier . ..
27 00
„      No. 4,
64 00
Awarded.
No. 4, A. W. Evans . ..
79 00
No. 5,
135 00
Awarded.
„      No. 6,
78 00
Awarded.
,i      No. 6, M. K. Smith . . .
100 00
,,      No. 7, A. W. Evans ...
86 00
Awarded.
,,      No. 7, M. K. Smith . ..
130 00
No. 8, Mark Green	
38 00
Awarded.
No. 8, Geoffry Elliott..
65 00
n       No. 9, Mark Green	
48 00
Awarded.
„      No. 9, Geo. A. Kier . . .
64 00 62 Vict.
Public Works Report.
863
Nature of Work.
Dougan's road	
Malahat road	
Waggon  bridge  at Somenos ranch near
Duncan   	
Comox District.
Union public school	
Yale District—West Riding.
North Bend school	
Ashcroft school-house	
Yale District—North Riding.
For    piles,     Kamloops    bridge,     across
Thompson river	
R. J. Manley
Jas. Dougan. .
West Kootenay—Rossland Riding.
Court-house	
West Kootenay—Nelson Riding.
Addition to  court-lionse	
Addition to Nelson school-house
West Kootenay—Slogan Riding,
School-house, Slocan City	
Foot bridge, Slocan City
Name of Tenderer.
R. J. Manley	
T. F. C. Kenelley.
James Carthew..
Alex. J. McKay
James Carthew..
C. C. McRae   ...
Austin & McKay
Daniel Johnson...
W. Higginbotham
Jno. Mitchell,
(7c per foot)	
Jas. Ross,
(7c per foot)	
Gilbert Genier,
(9c per foot)
D. K. Campbell,
6c per foot f.o.b. Vancouver.
W. R. Spence
Jas. Lawn	
Creelman & Beam.
Geo. L. Missy
H. J. Raymer. ...
McPhee & Dunlop
Robt. A. Kerr	
Jno. Ellis	
Campbell & Gardner .
Jno. Hepburn	
Chs. Hillyer	
H. J. Williams	
Pfeiffer & Huston....
W. Connell	
L. W. Kribbs	
Alex. Murray	
Campbell & Gardner
H. J. Williams	
Wm. Gillett	
Chs. Hillyer & Co.. .
Angus Mclnnes..
Herbert Bunting
John Campbell ..
Stephen Tripp ..
Jas. McDonald
J. T. Tipping .
Thos. Mulvey .
T. J. Baty ....
A. Provost....
Amount.
375 00
480 00
320 00
340 00
7,300 00
8,200 00
4,750 00
881 00
1,007 00
1,590 00
2,500 00
1,813 70
1,813 70
2,331 90
1,554 60
5,774 00
5,860 00
6,100 00
6,221 00
6,313 00
6,900 00
4,556 00
4,595 00
4,980 00
5,046 00
5,160 00
5,327 00
5,496 00
4,830 00
4,834 00
4,850 00
4,900 00
5,213 00
5,250 00
6,000 00
1.855 00
2,300 00
2,678 00
2,121 00
625 00
750 00
775 00
800 00
819 00
Award.
Not awarded.
Not awarded.
Not awarded.
Not awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded.
Awarded.
Incomplete.
Not awarded.
Not awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded.
Awarded. 864
Public Works Report.
1898
Nature of Work.
West     Kootenay—Slocan     Riding.
Concluded.
Foot bridge, Slocan City
Jno. Campbell.
Harry L. Fife .
H. Bunting .   .
Lock-up, Ymir .
West Kootenay—North Riding.
Trout Lake school-house	
Downie Creek bridge
West Kootenay—Revelstoke.
Fencing Government grounds	
Court-house Vault.
East Kootenay—South Riding.
Elk River bridge, grade N.W. bank. .
Elk River bridge, grade S. bank
Wild Horse bridge, grade N. & S. sides..
Skookumchuck road, grade N. of Mission
Wild Horse bridge flooring	
Cranbrook and Mission Road	
Fence round court-house, Fort Steele.
East Kootenay, S. Riding.
School-house, Wardner 	
Name of Tenderer.
S. L. Graham
Wm. Clark	
R. R. Young
Chapman & Shey
Stephen Woods (not including
fence or clearing land)	
Stephen Woods (including fence,
&c	
Malcolm Matheson	
Robt. Cayley
Geo. Laforme
Thos. Bain	
Gordon McLellan.
Wm. McGilvery..
Wm. Kirkup	
L. A. Fretzs, per foot...
Pippy & Wright,   i,
J. Kernaghan	
Smith & Clark, per foot.
E. C. Fromey ..
Frank Barnard.
Milo Munroe.
C. F. Scherf .
Ball & Dilse   .
Munroe & Disbrowe	
A. E. Bale	
Handley & Flowers	
Redmond & Montgomery.
F. Bowman	
A. E. Bale (North)	
E. Dilse (North and South).
W. Bardgett
A. E. Bale (South)	
G. Geary .
A. E. Bale
E. Dilse	
Schagel Lumber Co.
E. E. Bale
John West...   .
A. Paie  	
Wilson M. Rae.
Jos. Schmidt
A. W. Swalwell
R. A. McDonald.
T. W. Leask
Amount.
00
850 00
885 00
515 00
525 00
650 00
765 00
Award.
Awarded.
820 00
Awarded.
1,075 00
1,130 00
1,786 00
1,790 00
1,985 00
2,000 00
2,250 00
2,500 00
Awarded.
23J
29|
295 00
28
Awarded.
Lump sum
230 00
375 00
945 00
570 00
880 00
Awarded.
1,400 00
752 00
870 00
1,026 00
1,280 00
Awarded.
146 00
265 00
450 00
48 00
Awarded.
Awarded.
174 00
146 00
Awarded.
405 00
259 87
Awarded.
146 00
Awarded.
49 00
73 00
50 93
Awarded.
800 00
823 00
881 00
985 00
Awarded. 62 Vict.
Public Works Report.
865
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Cariboo District.
Barkerville-Cottonwood sleigh road	
799 00
800 00
1,355 00
1,550 00
A. Kelly	
Awarded.
Lillooet—W. Riding.
School-house, Lillooet	
Duguid & Miller	
Joe Norton	
Awarded.  62 Vict. Public Works Report. 867
TIMBER  INSPECTOR'S   REPORT.
Timber Inspector's Office,
Vancouver, B. C, 31st December, 1898.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the accompanying statement, which shows the timber
and cordwood cut during the eleven months ending 30th November, 1898, not including that
from the Dominion or the Esquimalt and iNanaimo Railway lands, per returns sent in by the
saw-mills and others to be:—
On Crown lands    70,755,866 feet.
On timber leaseholds. .   42,192,178    n
112,948,044        The royalty payable thereon $56,473 83
On private property  . .   11,598,614 Not subject to royalty.
124,546,658
Estimated amount to be allowed for rebate on exportation    18,775 54
Net royalty on timber then would be    37,698 29
Add royalty collected on cordwood    11,883 61
Total net royalty    49,581 90
Add rental accruing from timber leases in 1898 $46,012  39
i,   licences, special, 86 @ $50 $4,300 00
general, 621 @ $10    6,210 00
  10,510 00
 56,522 39
Total net revenue derivable from timber source $106,104  29
Respectfully submitted.
R. J. SKINNER,
Timber Inspector.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works. 868
Public Works Report.
1898
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1898
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$  1,112 53
1,587 74
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Public Works Report.
871
3,389 20
554 55
991 20
214 80
128 40
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Public Works Report.
1898
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9 00
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182 81
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18,000
150,000
655,000
100,000
40,000
720,000
69,000
224,000
2,171,160
242,900
536,000
1,433,700
200,000
187,500
365,620
100,000
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