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TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. 1893.94. BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1895

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 TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT
OF   THE
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
1893-94.
BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
WITH    APPENDICES.
VICTORIA, B. C:
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1894. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 165
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT.
1893-94.
To His Honour Edgar Dewdney,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I beg herewith respectfully to present the Twenty-third Annual Report on the Public
Schools of the Province.
November, 189J/..
JAMES BAKER,
Minister of Education. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 167
PART I.
GENERAL   REPORT. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 169
ANNUAL   REPORT
OF   THE
SUPERINTENDENT  OE  EDUCATION.
1893-94.
Education Office,
Victoria, October, 1894.
To Colonel
The Honourable James Baker,
Minister of Education.
Sir,—I beg to submit, for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, the
Twenty-third Annual Report on the condition and progress of the Public Schools of the
Province for the school-year ended June 30th, 1894.
The total number of pupils enrolled during the year was 12,613, an increase of 1,117
over that for the previous year, and the average actual daily attendance was 7,785.5, an
increase of 674.10 for the same period.
The whole number of teachers and monitors employed was 295, an increase of 28 over
that for the previous year.
The number of schools in operation was 185, as follows :—
High Schools, 4. Rural Schools, 157.
Graded     „    17. Ward        „ 7.
In city districts the percentage of average attendance was 67.25; in rural districts, 55.76;
and for the entire Province, 61.72.
The growth and progress of our Public Schools are very clearly shown by comparing the
statistical records of 1884-85 with those of the past year. During this decade the number
of schools increased from 74 to 185, the number of teachers employed from 89 to 295, and
the enrolment of pupils from 4,027 to 12,613. In 1884-85 only two High Schools, having an
attendance of 134 pupils under the charge of three teachers, were maintained, while at the
close of the past school-year, there were four High Schools in operation, with an attendance of
434 pupils under a staff of twelve teachers. The number of Rural Schools increased during
the same period from 64 to 157.
Marked improvement has been made in the general management of the schools, and
especially in that which is of first importance—the uniform progress of the pupils. This
result is very gratifying, for the reason that improvement of the schools is the main object to
be attained—to arrive at perfection in any school system being impossible.
The expenditure for Education Proper during the past year was as follows :—
Teachers' Salaries $150,825 71
Incidental Expenses of Rural Districts        7,061  08
Education Office      11,163 39
Total. ........ . ,  . .$169,050 lc 170 Public Schools Report. 1894
The cost of each pupil based on enrolment was $13.40, and on average daily attendance,
$21.71, these amounts being the lowest since the inception of the present school system.
The expenditure by the  Lands  and  Works  Department for the  construction of school-
houses, furniture, repairs, and improvements was as follows :—
School-houses $22,852 67
Furniture, repairs, &c, for Rural Districts      4,008 68
Total   $26,861 35
The total expenditure by the Provincial Government for all purposes of education during
the year was as follows :—
Education Proper $169,050 18
Lands and Works Department      26,861  35
Total $195,911 53
School-houses have been erected, or
additions
made
to school buildings, in the following
districts during the past year :—
Armstrong,
Kaslo,
Bowen Island,
Kelowna,
Burnaby,
Ladner,
Chilliwhack, South,
Malahat,
Cloverdale,
Nicomin, North,
Ducks,
Round Prairie,
English,
South Vancouver,
Perndale,
Strawberry Vale,
Glenvally,
Tolmie,
Highland,
Vernon.
At the present time schools are in operation in the following newly-created districts
Deep Creek, Oak Bay,
Huntingdon, Otter Lake,
Nakusp, Sidney,
Nanaimo, South, Waneta.
In addition to the above, schools are being maintained in the following localities :-
Aberdeen, Pavilion,
Aldergrove, South (additional school), Pender,
Boundary Creek, Pilot Bay,
Camp Slough, Read Island,
Field, Sahtlam,
Fort Steele, Savona,
Hernando, Spence's Bridge,
Okanagan Mission, Squamish,
Windermere.
The school in the district of Cowichan has been re-opened. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
171
The following table shows the cost of each pupil on enrolment and average daily attendance during the past thirteen years :—
Year.
Cost of each
pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of each
pupil on average
actual daily
attendance.
1881-82	
$18 57*
18 88
19 48
17 66
17 78
16 56
15 67
15 92
15 29
14 78
14 91
16 57
13 40
$36 26*
1882-83	
36 76
1883-84	
36 85
1884-85 ..                             	
34 04
1885-86	
32 04
1886-87	
30 80
1887-88..                                              	
32 29
1888-S9                     	
29 39
1889-90                         	
28 37
1890-91          	
26 66
1891-92	
25 79
26 79
1893-94	
21 71
1 Based on cost of education proper.
Schedule of Salaries of Teachers in City Districts on Permanent Staff during
the Year 1893-94.
1 Teacher at $150 per month.
1 „   135
1        „   125
4        „   120
1        „   115
9        ,  100
3        ,      90
1 ,.       85
8        m  ,      80
8        „       75
14       „      70
8 .,       65
16              60
9 n      55        n
22        „      50
106 Average monthly salary  $71.27
Schedule  of Salaries of Teachers in Rural Districts on Permanent Staff during
the Year 1893-94.
1 Teacher at , $100 per month.
2
1
4
6
1
44
10
95
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
164
Average monthly salary    $55.33 172
Public Schools Report.
1894
Teachers in City Districts on Permanent Staff for the Year 1893-94.
Grade.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Highest
Monthly
Salary.
Lowest
Monthly
Salary.
First Class, Grade A.          	
17
15
1
5
18
20
$150
100
$75
M     B	
60
Second Class,   n     A	
3
22
25
80
50
ii      B	
4
20
24
70
50
1
9
10
65
50
„                 ,,      B	
7
2
7
2
65
75
50
50
40
66
106
Iu addition to the above number of teachers, there were employed thirteen monitors,  eight at the rate
of $40 per month, and five at the rate of $30 per month.
Teachers in Rural Districts on Permanent Staff for the Year 1893-94.
Grade.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Higliest
Monthly
Salary.
Lowest
Monthly
Salary.
11
18
1
11
19
$75
85
$50
„     B	
50
Second Class,   n      A      	
19
13
32
75
50
„     B	
20
20
40
70
50
Third Class,     „     A	
7
17
24
70
50
„      B	
11
22
33
00
50
1
1
2
60
50
1
2
3
100
50
88
76
164
In addition to the above number of teachers, there were employed twelve monitors at the rate of $40
per mouth. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
173
The gradual growth of the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit:—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools from
1872-73 to 1893-94.
Year.
1872-73
1873-74
1874-75
1875-76
1876-77
1877-78
1878-79
1879-80
1880-81
1881-82
1882-83
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Number of
School
Districts.
25
37
41
41
42
45
45
47
48
50
59
67
76
86
95
104
109
123
141
154
169
178
Aggregate
Enrolment.
1,028
1,245
1,403
1,685
1,998
2,198
2,301
2,462
2,571
2,653
2,693
3,420
4,027
4,471
5,345
6,372
6,796
8,042
9,260
10,773
11,496
12,613
Average
Daily
Attendance.
575
767
863
984
1,260
1,395.50
1,315.90
1,293.93
1,366.86
1,358.68
1,383.00
1,808.60
2,089.74
2,481.48
2,873.38
3,093.46
3,681.14
4,333.90
5,134.91
6,227.10
7,111.40
7,785.50
Percentage
of
Attendance.
55.93
61.60
61.51
58.39
63.06
63.49
57.19
52.56
53.16
51.21
51.36
52.88
51.89
55.50
53.75
48.54
54.16
53.89
55.45
57. SO
61.85
01-72
Expenditure
for Education
Pi'oper.
$ 36,763 77
35,287 59
34,822 28
44,506 11
47,129 63
43,334 01
*22,I10 70
47,006 10
46,960 69
49,268 63
50,850 63
66,655 15
71,151 52
79,527 56
88,521 08
99,902 04
108,190 59
122,984 83
1.36,901 73
160,627 80
190,558 33
169,050 18
1 Half-year.
Statistical Abstract of Attendance for 1893-94.
Number of pupils enrolled during the year  12,613
Increase for the year  1,117
Number of boys enrolled  6,384
Increase for the year  620
Number of girls enrolled  6,229
Increase for the year  497
Average actual daily attendance  7,785.50
Increase for the year  674.10
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools  434
Increase for the year  101
Average actual daily attendance in High Schools  293.50
Average actual daily attendance in Graded and Ward Schools  4,602.77
Average actual daily attendance in Rural Schools  2,889. 23
Number of School Districts at close of year  178
Increase for the year ,  9 174 Public Schools Report. 1894
PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS' EXAMINATION,  1894.
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the
Public Schools of the Province commenced on July 4th, 1894, in the South Park School
Building, Victoria, in the High School Building, Vancouver, and in the Public School
Building, Kamloops.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were John
Anderson, Esq., B. A., the Ven. Archdeacon Seriven, M. A. (Oxon), the Rev. P. McF.
Macleod, and the Rev. W. D. Barber, M.A.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of August 2nd,
1894, as follows :—
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
Aiton, William, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1894.
Anderson, David, M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1894.
Lawson, John Patton, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1894.
McKay, John, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1894.
Macfarlane, Andrew Kerr Hastings, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1894.
Muir, John N., B.A., McGill College, Montreal, 1894.
Simpson, John, M.A., University of Toronto, 1894.
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 4,550.) Marks
obtained.
DePencier, Henry Percy       3003
Heath, Neil . .. '.    2930
Hughes, Leonora Evangeline    2860
Moscrop, Susanna    2765
The following holder of a First Class, Grade B, Certificate, obtained prior to 1888, passed
the additional standard now required for First Class, Grade B, Certificates :—
Phelps, William H., 1894.
First Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,750.) Marks
obtained.
Hands, Jonathan Griffith  2636
Taylor, Agnes  2602
Maclean, Margaret Cassilis  2601
Leith, Thomas  2549
Shrapnel, Edith Mary Scrope  2525
Barton, Heber B  2459
Spragge, Amy  2435
McPherson, Osborne  2371
McMillan, Michael  2369
Tait, Leonard  2362
Curry, Arthur William  2315
Skinner, Mary Dorothea  2286
Howe, Hattie B  2282
Bodwell, Charlotte A. M  2269 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 175
Second Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,150.) Marks
obtained.
Sanderson, Mina  2511
Watson, Harvey G  2214
Elliott, Dawson H  2190
Lyons, Isabella  2176
Williams, Mary ,  2168
Dowler, Caroline A  2157
Smeeton, William F  2152
Millard, Blanche L  2132
Delmage, Nellie  2129
Allan, Robert H  2122
Bovyer, George Mason  2118
Harding, Mary Louise  2101
Templer, Mrs. Jennie  2100
Dockrill, M. Melrose  2097
Cairns, Robert H  2095
McDonald, Mrs. Ida Maude  2084
Frank, Pauline  2083
Smith, Mabel Wyaston  2080
Mebius, Jeanette  2079
Parkinson, Emily.  2052
Birks, David D  2040
Magee, Edith Gertrude  2026
Howitt, John  2026
Ramsay, Jennie  2011
Dallas, Donald  2009
McQueen, Jessie  2009
Reith, William     2009
Blackwell, Seraph  1995
Walker, Susie  1993
Carter, Elizabeth Mary  1989
Kermode, Sarah  1986
Acheson, William Clinton  1984
Mclntyre, Mary C  1964
Sloan, Marjorie  1963
Pope, S. C. Ruth  1958
McMartin, Jane Sophia  1951
Dalby, Edith M  1947
Tupper, James F  1946
Lewis, Alice Maude  1944
Winsby, William Norman  1942
Tingley, Cora  1940
Tolmie, John A  1937
Waller, Annie Gordon  1925
Munsie, Minnie Jane  1918
Denny, Nora  1917
Wintemute, Mary  1915
Cade, John P '  1908
Edwards, Caroline M    1900
Galbraith, Hector James  1898
Kane, Stella  1898
McKinnon, Kate M  1897
Welsh, Duncan James ,  1897
Miller, Janet  1894
McLean, John D  1894
Galbraith, Angus  1892
Matthew, Alfred H. P  1892
Spillman, Margaret E .  1891 176 Public Schools Report. 1894
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
Beattie, Emily  1763
Sallaway, Joseph F  1742
Whitlaw, Laurence A ,  1736
Ross, Duncan ,  1695
LeFeuvre, Eva Anne  1683
Arrowsmith, Frances E  1670
Keast, Ada  1667
Kinney, William Thomas  1640
Fawcett, Grace Helen •.  1636
Lawson, Ellen G  1585
Uren, Fanny  1584
Orrell, Henry Summers  1583
Brown, Mary Sybil   . 1572
Rowe, John Arthur       1555
Johnston, Ethel Maude      1553
Fraser, James D  1547
Homer, Mary Sophia  1541
Ackerman, Myrtie B ".  1538
Patterson, Jean  1538
Creech, Mary May  1536
Robotham, Annie  1533
May, William H. M  1532
Woodman, May  1523
Cairns, Kate  1522
Macfarlane, Mabel C  1517
Webster, Margaret Boyde      1516
Babcock, Mary  1511
Webb, Caroline L  1511
Bunting, Mabel Grace . . . . :  1510
Gallant, Domitian  1509
Withrow, Gertrude H  1502
Smith, Kate Viola  1498
Kendall, George  1495
Cunningham, William J  1494
McLellan, Carolina  1493
Colquhoun, Josephine  1474
Brown, George A   1473
Rigney, William ,  1471
Hartt, Flora Edith  1470
Arthur, Elsie May -  1467
Nason, Mary A. A  1467
Harding, Elizabeth  1466
Wilson, Nellie Groves ,  1465
John, Alice  1464
Coghlan, Ella S  1462
Truswell, Mary  1457
Lister, Ellen  1456
Howard, Bessie  1452
McCallum, Ada  1452
Beattie, Matthew  1452
Thomson, Dorathea M. M  1451
Ravey, Martin James  1446
Lettice, Edith M. N  1445
Fletcher, Lizzie  . 1437
Byrn, Edith Louisa ,  1436
McKenzie, Kate M  1436 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 177
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
Marshall, Sarah    1427
Nisbet, Grace E    1426
Blake, Mary Jane    1425
Southcott, Florence    1425
Ogle, Carrie Elizabeth    1416
McLeod, Malcolm    1413
Knapp, Thomas Edward ■ • • •    1411
Elmsly, Florence Nightingale    1410
Abernethy, Robert Merton    1408
Sherman, Ruyter Stinson ,   1402
Shaw, Alexander    1400
McLeod, Norman    1399
Abercrombie, Margaret    1398
Campbell, Leonard A    1391
Edwards, Lilias Meta    1387
Stevenson, David    1386
Mercer, Mary    1378
Haldon, Alice Maude    1876
Cathcart, Isabel    1374
Moffatt, Maud L ,    1369
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne Jane    1366
Noble, Clara Anna    1363
Roberts, Emily Florence    1361
McMillan, Jeanie Boyd    1358
McLennan, Annie    1356
Murray, Elizabeth    1351
Dolan, Bridget    1349
Irvine, Robert D    1349
Strachan, Jane Catherine ,    1343
Porter, Mary Lucy     1333
Lawson, Fanny    1332
Dewar, Donald J    1331
Robbins, Fenwick W    1330
Blair, William    1326
McGregor, Margaret     1325
Norris, Mary Elizabeth    1323
Black, Jessie Ann , ,   1314
Agnew, Margaret S    1311
Crockford, Ethel Julia    1306
Godson, Grace Adelaide    1300
Stitt, Angeline ,    1282
Sivewright, William    1281
Harrison, Alice V    1280
Miller, Eva Isabel    1276
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Martin, Alexander    1321
Kirkendall, Lizzie    1222
Way, Frances Amelia     1188
Goddard, Ellen Isabel    1178
Lewis, Edith    1168
Sharpies, Elizabeth Jackson „    1168
Carmichael, Ida Mary    1149
Walker, Frances Gordon    1140 178 Public Schools Report. 1894
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Mebius, Lucy Aylmer ,  1125
Warren, Clara Cecilia  1115
Trembath, Richard J  1105
Gaudin, Mabel Agnes  1098
Reid, Jemima       1066
Magee, May Isabel  1056
Dixon, Isabella  1039
Sayer, Elizabeth  1036
Muir, Sarah Ferguson  1035
Thexton, Edith Alice  1026
Stitt, Eva Winifred  1018
Miller, Martha S  994
Livingstone, Eliza Jeannette -.  992
Schwengers, Katharine Bertha  990
Wood, Mabel  984
Scott, Grace  980
Buchanan, Angus C ,  979
Harris, Louise  978
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Munroe, Catherine  1167
Brown, William Clarence  1158
Hadwen, Muriel Agnes  1134
Barron, Isabel M. F   1078
Brechin, Robert  1073
Fawcett, Jessie Louisa  1072
Baldwin, Vesta May  1062
DeBou, Edith Sophia  1061
Milligan, Eliza  1060
Robertson, Margaret Maud  1053
Blair, Alfred  1052
McDowell, Annie  1049
Wolf, Martha Pauline  1043
Keyes, Robert Graham  1042
McTaggart, Isabella ,  1039
Spragge, Phcebe  1039
Svlvester, Louise Meriam  1029
Lindsay, Malcolm A. F  1027
Kidd, Ruby May  1025
Young, Harriett  1024
Wright, John ,  1022
Lewis, Linnie  1021
McGregor, John Charles  1020
Trembath, Mary Agnes  1016
Fraser, William John   1008
Armstrong, Jean  1007
Johnson, Jennie Alice  996
Currie, Flora May  989
Robertson, Alexander John  987
McDowell, Margaret  986
Frank, Annie  982
Nicholas, Minnie Eleanor  979
Renwick, Lilian Rutherford i  977
Higginson, Jane Elizabeth  972 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 179
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Lee, Eleanor Annie  972
Grant, Lillian May    971
Frank, Evelyn May       970
Carmichael, Annie Elizabeth  955
Richmond, Charles Stephen  952
Freure, Edward Wells  950
Gilley, Annie Lee  947
Harrap, Eva Ellinor '  945
Canfield, Frank O  944
Norcross, Norman Joseph  939
Cameron, Florence Selina  930
Ogilvie, William Prescott  929
Raper, Emily  929
Dyker, Jennie  927
Sutherland, Lilias Florence.  916
Lucas, Leona Mary _  . 912
Trenholme, Hattie  908
Macfarlane, Edith M  907
Teague, Julie Alexandrienne  905
McElmon, Ethel  902
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C  900
Bodwell, Louise Harwood     897
Loat, Jane Gertrude  894
Green, Constance, H. R  890
. Ward, Mary Ellen  887
Argyle, Jennie  885
Murray, Annie  883
Fraser, Bessie  873
De la Goostrey, James    . 850
Fraser, Margaret  808
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Adelaide S.,     Caldwell, Mrs. L. M.,     Halliday, James A.,     McDougall, Archena J.
S. D. Pope, LL.D.,
John Anderson, B.A.,
Austin Scriven, M. A. (Oxon.), ^Board of Examiners.
P.  McF.  MACLEOD,
Wm. Davin Barber, M.A.
In accordance with the recommendation of the Examiners, Certificates have been granted.
JAMES BAKER,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, Victoria, 31st July, 1894-
The examination was held simultaneously in Victoria, Vancouver, and Kamloops.
The number of candidates was 305, of whom 127 wrote in Victoria, 157 in Vancouver,
and 21 in Kamloops.
Of the whole number of applicants, 273 succeeded in obtaining certificates, as follows :—-
First Class, Grade A    11
First Class, Grade B    15
Second Class, Grade A    57
Second Class, Grade B 100
Third Class, Grade A    26
Third Class, Grade B    64
In addition to the above, four certificates for length of service were issued in accordance
with the provisions of the School Act, 180
Public Schools Report.
1894
One of those who obtained a First Class, Grade B, Certificate was the holder of a First
Class Certificate obtained prior to 1888, and hence was examined only in the additional
standard now required for this certificate.
Of the whole number who wrote, thirty-one failed to obtain a certificate of any kind, and
one withdrew from the examination.
The number of candidates was considerably in excess of that attending any previous
examination, and an unusually large percentage of them was successful, showing that careful
preparation had been made. It cannot be too strongly urged that thoroughness in English
subjects is of the greatest importance to all applicants.
A very large number of the candidates was from our High Schools, and it is gratifying to
be able to state that they acquitted themselves most creditably, no less than ten of them obtaining life certificates, a large number of others securing Second Class, Grades A or B, Certificates.
The holders of certificates now exceed the number of schools, and as a consequence the
obtaining of appointment as teacher must be the result of merit or effort, or of both. It should
be borne in mind that trustees in order to discharge their duties properly in making selection
of teacher must take into consideration the moral worth of the applicant, certificate held, and
his adaptability. As stated in previous reports, certificates are merely assurances of standing
in the subjects of examination, and not of skill in imparting instruction. To be successful
the teacher must possess energy and tact, and his heart must be devoted to his work.
The importance of the science of pedagogy, which of late years has received more than
ordinary attention, demands that only those be admitted to the profession whose special talents
fit them for this noble calling, and who propose making it their life work.
The following table shows the number of applicants and certificates obtained during each
of the past twelve years, and cannot but prove of interest:—
Year.
Number
of
Applicants.
Cektificates Obtained.
Failed to
First Class.
Second Class.
Third Class.
Certificates.
1883	
37
64
67
76
93
100
117
143
154
200
271
305
5
15
15
13
15
10
9
8
14
5
39
26
3
21
12
6
27
41
30
36
54
3
107
157
15
16
27
34
30
36.
37
61
64
137
90
90
14
1884 	
1885   	
1886	
1887	
1888	
12
13
23
21
13
1889	
1890	
1891  	
1892....	
41
38
22
55
1893	
35
1894	
32
Under the Rules and Regulations, no male candidate less than eighteen years of age, and
no female candidate less than sixteen years of age, can be permitted to be applicants for
certificates of any kind.
Under the amended Rules and Regulations to take effect after 1895, male candidates
must be of the full age of twenty years, and female candidates of the full age of eighteen years,
before being permitted to be applicants for certificates of qualification to teach in the Public
Schools. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 181
INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
" Victoria, October, 1894.
"Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report
for the school-year of 1893-94:—
"The past school-year has witnessed much good and successful work in our schools,
although they have not reached that high ideal, to which, I trust, they aspire. The methods
of instruction and the modes of discipline may not have differed very materially from those of
the preceding year, but I am satisfied that our teachers as a body are steadily advancing in
efficiency. With experience and application, many who have now but moderate qualifications,
will no doubt become useful teachers. In regard to the various studies pursued and the
progress therein, such remarks and suggestions as appear helpful and necessary are presented
herewith.
" Reading and  Spelling.
" For some years after a pupil first enters school, the great end ia reading. Consequently, the time devoted to this subject is considerable. In the majority of the schools
visited, the reading is fairly fluent and accurate, and in some of them, marked by intelligence
and good expression. But from observations made last year, it is deemed desirable again to
call attention to the importance of eliciting the full meaning of the reading lessons by appropriate questions and observations. The meanings of the words given in the Reader at the
beginning of each lesson are no doubt required to be memorized, but the phrases and sentences
seem often to be left unexplained.
" After a pupil has mastered the mechanical difficulties of learning to read, he should be
taught to express the thought in a long sentence by ' phrases' or ' clauses,' as the case may
be.    To this point, it has frequently been found necessary to direct attention.
" Again, children seldom stand properly when reading. ' Book in left hand, right foot
slightly drawn back,' is the uniform rule given by authorities on this subject for the position
of the reader. If the book is held in both hands it is usually brought too close to the eyes—
a result which should be carefully guarded against in all kinds of work.
" This branch of school education, on account of its practical importance, is worthy of a
large share of the teacher's consideration. It is the means by which the pupils are to instruct
themselves, when in course of time they take their places among the people of the country.
" In reference to spelling—another practically important branch—there is nothing
specially new to be said. The results attained are creditable, although the poor speller is
still present in spite of the best methods of the teacher. It is usual to divide poor spellers
into two classes—those who know, but fail to perform, and those who are ignorant of the
correct forms of words. The careless speller yields to judicious practice in the art, but the
failure of the ignorant speller is due to insufficient teaching. The latter class, it is said, needs
a new sensation before any improvement can be secured.
" Writing.
so
" In former reports, I have implied that writing is not one of the strong subjects in our
hools. There is no doubt that more system than formerly has been introduced into the
instruction, and that too with good results, but in order to secure any marked improvement,
there is need of more direct teaching and free use of the blackboard.
" Much is now being said about the various styles of writing, but it appears to me that
it matters little what copy-book is adopted- it is the teacher, not the book that really makes
the good writer. Teachers sometimes forget that they are in reality ' setting copies ' every
time they write anything on the blackboard, and that if they do this in a careless, slovenly
style (and perhaps in addition, omit to punctuate it), they cannot in reason expect their pupils
to attach much importance to points their teachers seem to think unnecessary. 182 Public Schools Report. 1894
" Pupils should be trained to put forth their best efforts whenever they handle pen or
pencil, no matter what the subject may be that calls for this mode of expression. It constantly happens that the written work of the pupils falls in general merit behind the writing
of the copy-books,
" Arithmetic.
" As might be expected from the time and pains bestowed upon arithmetic in the schools
visited, considerable proficiency has been acquired by pupils in dealing with numbers. The
amount of success in these schools of course varies much depending, as it does, upon the
degree of intelligence and ' thoroughness ' in the teachers. However, as a rule, the teachers
explain the subject well, and there is no doubt that our children on leaving school, do, for the
most part, carry away with them a good general knowledge of this useful art. With reading,
arithmetic very properly occupies a prominent place in the work of the school-room, but the
most noticeable defect in its treatment is to be found in the elementary stages.
" It must be apparent that unless pupils who have been taught the simple rules of arithmetic, can write and arrange dictated numbers correctly as well find their sum and read the
result, their knowledge of addition has not stood the test. The inability to do this, which
occasionally almost a whole class displayed, proved that the teacher had been doing more than
half the pupils' own work by the constant writing and arranging of series of numbers on the
blackboard for the class to add.
" The principles underlying the simple rules should receive careful attention. In teaching
multiplication, the proper procedure is to have the pupils construct the tables and use them
as they are framed, the facts involved being remembered as any other facts of experience.
But I found that sometimes the far simpler plan of having the tables first memorized had
been adopted and that in consequence the pupils were quite ignorant of the origin and formation of these tables.
" At every stage in this, and indeed in every other subject of study, it is highly necessary
that the pupils should be made to have a clear understanding of the words and phrases used
by the teacher in explanation. It is surprising how much of the time, energy, and patience of
teachers is wasted owing to the neglect to put themselves in the place of their pupils.
Children are often blamed for stupidity when a clearer apprehension by the teacher of the
real mental condition of the pupil—an explanation of a technical word, or the removal of a
slight misunderstanding—would at once cause the wheels of thought to run more smoothly.
How many pupils stumble over the use of the word ' common' in the term ' common denominator,' and it may be, never fully understand its application ! During the year, several
instances of a like nature have come under my notice, and hence this point with its bearing
on other subjects is considered worthy of remark.
" There are three matters to which special attention should be given throughout the
course in arithmetic : 1. Frequent practice in rapid work in the elementary rules. 2. Daily
practice in mental arithmetic. 3. The clear and precise statement of the processes by which
' answers ' are obtained. In the last, no slovenly or ungrammatical language should be
tolerated.
" Grammar.
" Grammar is usually considered ' a dry subject' by children, and it therefore behoves
teachers, if they expect success in their work, to make this branch as interesting as possible.
Grammar has an important position assigned to it in a course of instruction from the nature
of the mental exercises involved in its study. Hitherto, the child's mind has been appealed
to through his observation ; but the elements of this study are not things. ' Grammar deals
not with the subject-matter of thought, which may admit of visible illustration; but with the
forms of thought, which do not. Thus it is the child's first introduction to abstract thinking,
and his preparation for all subsequent efforts in this field.'
" In all the schools visited, the study of grammar has been taken up with scarcely an
exception at the requisite stage of advancement. Although in technical grammar, much
excellent work has been done both in the elementary and the advanced classes, yet it is considered necessary to point out that the pupil's school speech and his composition work afford
the desired opportunities for practically perfecting his knowledge in this branch.
"In parsing, a defect most frequently noticed is the neglect to state the relations of words.
In the analysis of sentences, it is certainly not sufficient merely to divide the sentence, if com- 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 183
pound or complex, into its various statements or sentences. The kind of statement or
sentence should also be given as well as its relation or dependence. ' It is not at all advisable,'
says Meiklejohn, ' to ride the system of analysis to death, or to overload it with a cumbrous
and difficult terminology. This is to defeat the very purpose of analysis—which is to make
the build of a sentence stand out plain and clear to the eye and to the mind.'
" If grammar is correctly called ' the logic of the common schools,' the best use of the
analysis of sentences is not always made. As a rule, the work of analysis is made a written
exercise. Pupils are required to write .out a sentence or two ; the exercises are then marked
or corrected, and the matter may end there. In addition to the necessary written work in
analysis, there should be oral lessons—a kind of parsing lesson, using phrases and clauses
instead of words. Exercises of this kind could be made very keen and bright oral lessons,
and much ground could be covered in a comparatively short time.
" Composition.
" There is every indication that more systematic effort than heretofore has been put forth
to teach this subject. Although the best course to be adopted is not so fully ascertained nor
so widely known as in some other subjects of study, yet it is clear that language work should
be commenced at an early stage. In some instances, training of this kind has not been begun
as early as it should.
" ' No man or boy can be made to write really well, unless he writes for the purpose of
expressing thought.' Hence, the matter of the composition should always be selected from
the class-work in which the pupil is engaged, his history, his grography, his reading, his personal observations and experiments. Further, if the pupil is somewhat advanced and is in
doubt about a point in grammar, let him be encouraged to consult a text-book ; and if he
does not know how to spell a word, let him refer to a dictionary.
" Under the head of composition, letter-writing forms a part of the course of study.
The utility of this art is beyond question, and it is inexcusable that a pupil should leave
school without some acquaintance with its forms. The instruction should not stop at the
form, but should embrace the folding of a letter and the directing of an envelope. While
this branch is not by any means neglected, yet it be desirable that due attention should be
given to it.
" It is well known that a favourable impression of the writer is created upon the mind, of
the recipient of a well-written and properly-folded letter, and applicants for appointments of
any kind are usually careful to have their communications unexceptionable in these particulars.
In order further to emphasize this matter, I may say that not long ago a school trustee
informed me that in selecting a teacher for their school, the Board of Trustees (of which he
is a member) had passed over unread all improperly-folded letters of application, concluding
that the persons who were unable to fold a letter properly must be ignorant of many other
essentials, and therefore unfit for the proper discharge of the important duties of a teacher.
"Geography.
" The number of valuable and interesting facts, connected with this subject, is yearly
increasing. While it is necessary to determine what fundamental facts should be considered,
it is also desirable to select such additional information as will give a good general view of
the subject. The instruction given in geography is generally of a commendable character.
Every school is supplied with an outfit of apparatus for teaching the subject. In connection
with this matter, it is not out of place to say that greater care should be taken of the maps
and globes supplied. Any damage to a map, even if slight, should be promptly repaired, and
the somewhat costly globes, when not in use, should always be kept in the cases provided for
their safe-keeping.
" The study of geography is too frequently treated as a mere memory exercise. In the
first stages, it is to the child's imagination that the teacher must chiefly appeal. The pupil's
knowledge of his surroundings is to be broadened into conceptions of the main features of the
earth's surface, and the office and use of maps developed from his own efforts at representation. When the subject has been thus presented, the pupils are prepared to proceed
to the unknown without danger of losing themselves in a mass of isolated facts and definitions. 184 Public Schools Report. 1894
" History.
" As a result of careful inquiry during the past year, it was found that in several instances,
the study of British and Canadian History had not been commenced at the time indicated in
the course of instruction. The hope is expressed that all the teachers are now sufficiently
familiar with the requirements of the course as to call for no further comment on this matter.
It may be safely said that a fair degree of progress in this study has very generally been
secured.
" It is pretty well understood that good history teaching does not depend upon a list of
memorized words, places, and dates. ' To attempt to teach the facts of history without selection and classification is a hopeless, not less than an unprofitable task.' The main events and
dates, once thoroughly mastered, will serve as centres round which should be grouped those
which are of less importance. The instruction should always be given in connection with
maps. In this way, the close relation between geography and history will be clearly stamped
upon the pupils' minds.
"Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
" The practical outcome of the study of these allied subjects is a knowledge of the laws
of health. Without health, life is a failure, and, consequently, the aim should be to induce
the practice of the valuable precepts taught by this branch of study.
" The teachers have in general succeeded in interesting their pupils in physiology
(anatomy, physiology, and hygiene), but they should increase their efforts to illustrate the
lessons. Understanding the need and value of this, many have, as far as possible, done so.
To a certain extent, there is a danger of making this branch too much of a text-book study—
of spending too much time on the details instead of keeping mainly to the outlines. A
knowledge of little-used technical terms is certainly not contemplated as a requirement.
" So far as I could learn, the suggestion in reference to giving oral primary lessons on
this subject has not been very generally followed. Such lessons need not occupy much time,
and would at least add the elements of interest and variety to the work of primary classes—
work that is often allowed to become somewhat dreary and monotonous.
" Of what avail is a knowledge of the laws of health if its acquisition is not followed by
practice 1 The study of hygiene should certainly be supplemented by the application of its
teachings. The hygiene of the muscles teaches that the exercise of them should be regular
and frequent. Properly adapted calisthenic exercises supply the training thus taught to be
requisite. Again, the hygiene of the respiratory organs should lead to instruction in correct
breathing, which is as essential to good reading as to good health; and it might also be
expected to keep the attention constantly directed to the need of securing proper ventilation,
for pure air as well as a free education is the birthright of every child.
" Drawing.
"The progress in this subject as form study and drawing has certainly not been marked.
Considerable attention has been given to map drawing, although this is more nearly related to
geography than to form study.    The manual neatness insisted on has no doubt been of value.
" The subject of drawing appeals to most pupils in such a way as to make this lesson one
of the bright spots in the day. If this is not the case, it is the fault of the teaching, and not
of the subject. Every one recognizes how necessary is the element of deep interest as a
means of producing that self-activity on which mental growth depends. Any school subject
which is productive of such interest is of value for this alone, as it is sure to affect other
studies favourably.
" This interest is bound to grow with the greater knowledge of the teacher, who should
have the power of drawing, not only in order to teach the subject itself, but that other
subjects may be taught most effectively.
" Drawing is, after all, as much a matter of study as any other subject, and persistent
application will accomplish much.
"The Teacher's Daily Preparation.
"The advisability of again making some reference to the need of preparation on the part
of the teacher for the work of the following day was forcibly suggested during the past year
by finding several teachers on the staff unprovided with a set of the prescribed text-books. When 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 185
visiting a school and requiring the use of a Reader to conduct the examination of a class, I
am prepared for poor results if the teacher confesses that he is not the owner of such a work,
and is compelled to borrow the required book from a pupil.
" When Dr. Arnold of Rugby was asked by a friend why he took such great care to
prepare himself in studies with which he should now be so familiar, he replied that he would
rather have his pupils drink from a fresh and living fountain than from a dead and stagnant
pool. All will recognize that this great teacher was right. Can anyone conscientiously call
himself a teacher who does not think of school except during school hours ? Must not the
real teacher always be a student ? It is assuredly his duty to make up his mind definitely as
to the course and scope of each lessen—to prepare himself to make every recitation tell in
some direction. All lessons assigned should also be studied with a view to decide upon the
best methods of presenting them, as well as to see what can be done by way of objective or
other illustration to make them clearer. Clear knowledge is the foundation of interest,
without which satisfactory progress in study cannot be made.
" The work of preparation cannot be regarded as complete unless it includes a certain
amount of outdoor or other exercise, in order that the teacher may keep himself in good
health, and consequently in good condition for effective teaching.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
" Your obedient servant,
"D. Wilson,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Inspector of Schools.-
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria." 186 Public Schools Report, 1894
INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
" Victoria, October, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you the following remarks, for the school-year
ending June 30th, 1894, with regard to the schools and the various subjects taught:—
" Order and Discipline.
" I have great pleasure in reporting that in the majority of the schools visited by me the
order and discipline were all that could be desired; there seemed to be on the one hand a wish
to avoid unnecessary severity, and on the other a willingness to obey every request. There is,
however, in some a danger of too great laxity in the discipline maintained. As it is evident
that no good work can be clone in any school without order and prompt obedience, it behoves
each teacher \o spare no pains to maintain these primary conditions of success. It is the duty
of the teacher to train the pupils in these as well as to give them instruction ; in fact, without these conditions, instruction cannot be properly given. The maintenance of order does
not at all require harshness or severity, but requires the teacher to exercise a constant watchfulness over every detail, however insignificant; to have the work pre-arranged, and, especially
with younger pupils, to have such a constant supervision of their work as will leave no time
unoccupied, and consequently little leisure or opportunity to give trouble. In every instance
where the teacher finds the least disorder, it would be well to try whether this fault cannot
be remedied by some change in the programme before proceeding to any severe measures; but
whatever may be the means adopted, let it never be forgotten in the school-room that
' Discipline must be maintained.'
" Reading.
" This being the most important subject taught in our schools, naturally deserves the
first consideration, and I have therefore endeavoured to examine the pupils in most of the
schools visited by me as to their progress in this branch. It has given me great pleasure to
note that very many of our teachers pay great attention both to the matter and to the
manner of this lesson, although there are still some who consider mere verbal execution to
be everything required, and by setting too long a lesson prevent themselves from doing more
than correct errors in the reading, as the time that they can devote to the lesson is necessarily
limited.
" Too great care cannot be given by the teacher to the preparation of the reading lesson,
because in reality it can be made to include all the subjects already learned, and thus to
constitute an informal examination upon them. In the ' Primer' classes the teacher's
ingenuity will be severely taxed to find some interesting story by which to utilize the words
of the lesson, or some changes which will impress the lesson on the minds of the pupils.
" Dr. McLellan's remark in his Applied Pyschology is worthy of careful note by every
teacher of junior pupils: 'No lesson requires more preparation by the teacher than the primary
reading lesson.' In too many cases no preparation is made for these lessons, but the instruction given is left to the mere impulse of the moment, as the lesson is thought unworthy of
the study devoted to the higher work.
"In the 'Reader' classes, questioning on the meaning of the words and phrases used, and of
the general purport of the piece read, can be made an excellent basis for an exercise in composition, and oral grammar can hardly be better taught than by using a line of the day's
reading lesson as the exercise to be commented on and explained. In the more advanced
classes, historical allusions in the lesson afford excellent opportunities for a review of the
subject of history; and all geographical places mentioned should be carefully gone over by the
class on the map or globe. Besides the interest thus kept up in the class from variety, the
important fact is unconsciously brought before the minds of the pupils that they are not
learning a number of isolated subjects, but that all their studies form one interwoven series,
and thus none can be neglected without injury to all.
" If, in addition, the teacher can occasionally gain the interest of the pupils by some
anecdote  or description illustrating  the  subject  read, the  reading  lesson will  soon become 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 187
looked upon by the pupils, not as a dry, uninteresting repetition of mere words, but as one of
the most pleasant lessons of the day, and will be felt by the teacher to be one of the most
profitable.
" In regard to pronunciation, the first requirement is distinctness of utterance. Reading
that is unintelligible at the other end of the room should never be allowed, and when a false
pronunciation is made and corrected, sufficient repetitions should be required from the pupil to
ensure that the desired knowledge has been gained.
"Another difficulty requiring more attention than is frequently given to it, is to overcome the word-speaking habit gained while learning the words, and to substitute for it the
sentence-speaking of good reading. Pupils must be taught from the first to read every sentence
with expression, but ' perfect familiarity with the words of the sentence is necessary.' It is
only by constant care in the earlier stages that the children can be taught to speak what they
are reading, and thus declamation will be attained without difficulty.
" Writing.
" This branch of education seems to be still receiving increased attention, and considerable
improvement is evident both in the character of the writing itself and in the cleanliness of
the work shown in most of the schools. Still more supervision is advisable in many instances;
the class is merely set to do the writing while the teacher is occupied with some other classes,
without attention being previously drawn to any peculiarities in the copy, or to the points
intended to be taught by it. If the teacher would occasionally go over a copy beforehand on
the black-board, explaining what is to be particularly attended to-- such as appropriate lengths
of letters, formation of capitals, etc.—then require the writing to be done several times on the
slate before the copybook is used, by these means the work of individual correction would be
much lightened, and the class at the same time make far greater progress.
" As writing is an imitative art, it would be well for teachers to remember that the
writing on the black-board constantly before the eyes of the pupils exercises a great influence
on the class, and that those who put their own work neatly and clearly on the board are at
the same time practically illustrating the value of good writing.
" Nor should it be considered that good writing is necessary only in copybooks or dictation
exercises ; every lesson written should be criticized for its writing as well as for the work of
the subject itself. This will entail constant care and attention on the teacher's part, but
the results obtained will amply repay the additional trouble required.
" The pens and ink used should likewise be subjected to frequent supervision, for no good
work can be done if these are in bad condition ; and the habit of seeing that the implements are
used are in good order before commencing the work itself is one worthy of the care and
attention of every instructor.
" Arithmetic.
" This subject likewise continues to be very carefully attended to, and generally to be
fairly well taught. In the class-work done in this subject, more care might he given to a clear
explanation of the reasons for the various steps taken; too frequently the mere obtaining of the
correct answer is the only point aimed at, and consequently when the question is asked in any
other than the usual form, pupils are incapable of understanding the problem given. It would
be well also if more attention were given to the arithmetic of practical life, such as Bills of
Parcels and the simple every-day problems of Mensuration, rather than to mere theoretical
questions, which will only be met with in collections of examples.
" Mental arithmetic also receives a very considerable share of attention, and is in many
instances remarkably well done. If the teacher were to utilize mental arithmetic in explaining
the processes of some new rule a great saving of time would be gained, and also greater certainty that these processes are understood. After that, the manual work of the problem
would be the only difficulty to be overcome.
" Grammar and Composition.
" These subjects are being taught in an improved manner, and reasons rather than rules
seem to be required in most cases from the pupils. A few teachers still cling tenaciously to
the old idea that grammar is a collection of rules to be memorized by the pupil, but many of
our teachers endeavour to bring out the practical value of this subject in its bearing upon
literature, composition and correctness of speaking. Too much attention cannot be given, at
the  commencement  of this subject, to  making  sure  that  the pupils understand the exact meaning of the terms used, otherwise progress, as they advance, becomes slower and more
confused, instead of quicker and more definite.
" The value of grammar and grammatical analysis must never be lost sight of in teaching
composition, nor should these two subjects be dissevered in the higher classes. Any sentence
that cannot be analyzed is not correctly written. Attention should be drawn to this fact,
and the pupils trained to use their knowledge of grammar as an aid in their composition.
" The chief difficulty in obtaining a good exercise in composition, namely, the want of
ideas to be expressed, can best be overcome by an informal talk with the class on the subject
of the essay, and then by outlining on the black-board the method in which the essay is to be
written.
" It would be well if occasionally the senior pupils were required to bring note-paper and
envelope to school, and after due explanation be required to write in proper form a letter
either dictated or of their own composition, then to fold the paper neatly, and to address the
envelope in a proper manner. Very few of our pupils will in future life be called upon to
write essays, but all will be required to write letters, hence this branch of the subject of
composition should receive the greater share of attention.
" Geography and History.
" It is almost impossible to remark on the teaching of these lessons as separate subjects,
for, in advanced classes, they cannot be properly taught as individual branches. In history,
especially, no good work can be done without constant reference to the geographical position
of the places named. This is_not attended to so much as it should be; each subject is too
often presented as a dry list of facts to be got by heart. If the geography were enlivened by
historical anecdotes or facts concerning the places, it is evident that more interest will be
aroused, and the prominent facts of both be imprinted on the memory.
" I am pleased to state that geography seems to be taking a more prominent place in the
estimation of our teachers, and also to be taught in a more practical manner with reference to
the pupil's immediate surroundings. It is not at all uncommon to find a class able to repeat
glibly the definitions, but yet unable to explain the meaning of the words used. Such teaching
evidently is not proceeding ' from the known to the unknown,' but is merely confusing the
minds of the children with words not understood.
" In history there does not seem to have been the same advance as in most other subjects,
although much excellent work has been done. This lesson requires more preparation on the
part of the teacher than it generally receives; every lesson, to be made interesting and useful,
requires full preparation, and that some line of thought be carefully followed out. To pass
rapidly from one fact of history to another without showing the connection between them, is
to cause the pupils to load their memories with a number of separate items, to them totally
unconnected, whereas if some connection between them is shown, then the association of ideas
will cause both to be readily remembered; and it is the absence of this association that makes
history so difficult a subject for all.
"Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene.
" These subjects, including as they necessarily do, Temperance, are generally well taught.
The temptation is, to devote more time to them than to some of the routine work of the
curriculum, and therefore I have frequently found the classes more proficient in Anatomy
than in Grammar or Spelling.
" A great improvement, however, might be made by causing the pupils to write on the
black-board the technical words used, in order to ensure correctness of use and good spelling.
One has only to look over the remarkable spelling given in answers to examination papers on
this subject, to feel convinced that much is required to be done in these particulars ; evidently
the words are too often used without any real ideas connected with them, and hence confusion
too frequently is the result. Were the day's lesson to be occasionally written out on the slate,
these defects could be seen and remedied.
" Another use that could be made of this subject is, that some of the knowledge given in
it as regards physical training, unnatural positions of the body in the school-room, temperature
of rooms, importance of ventilation and cleanliness, etc., should be carried into actual practice
by the teacher's correcting any faults in either of these particulars in the class or school-room.
It is an absurdity to see a class answering a series of questions on the hygiene of the muscles,
and at the same time being allowed to violate every principle taught in the lesson ; or
explaining the necessity of fresh air for perfect  respiration in a room in which the air is 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 189
vitiated for want of care with the ventilation. In mentioning this I am not stating an
imaginary case, for this very absurdity has come under my immediate notice. Let the teacher
practice the lessons taught by the subject, and at the same time draw the attention of the
pupils to this application, and the value of the teaching will be greatly increased, as its
usefulness in all circumstances of life will be apparent.
" Drawing.
" This subject seems to be utilized rather to fill up a little spare time than to give suitable
instruction. A book with a copy is given to each pupil, and then some work has to be done
without further explanation. If, on the other hand, drawing is properly taught, there is no
subject more productive of interest, or more conducive to freedom and accuracy of work than
this. I have observed some teachers go over on the black-board the figure to be drawn,
showing carefully all the constructions, and have been surprised to find the good work then
done by even the youngest pupils in the class ; and therefore it seems to me that what can be
done in one of our schools can be accomplished in all if desired.
" Drawing could also be much more utilized by teachers in explanations; a few lines on
the black-board, properly drawn, will convey to the mind a far more definite idea of form or
size than can be done by a long verbal statement. It would be well if this mode of illustration were more frequently adopted.
" Examinations, &o.
" There is much that can be said both for and against class-examinations as a true test
of knowledge. While admitting that they do not always determine which is the best scholar,
yet they do certainly tend to produce concentration of thought, and power of expression, as
well as certainty of knowledge.
" In regard to examinations on work done in the class, good teachers will not forget that
they are often in reality examining themselves rather than their pupils—if they find the class
unable to do the questions set on work presumably explained, it is evident that these points
require further revision before they can be supposed to be understood. Any written examination conducted with such an aim cannot but produce good results to both teacher and pupil.
There is too great a tendency to depend upon written work as a proof of knowledge. It is
absurd to see the little ones at some of our Graded Schools having an examination for
promotion from, say a junior first primer to a senior first primer class; in all such cases the
teacher's opinion might be taken as the best test of the child's knowledge, for the unusual
circumstances too often prevent the younger pupils from showing themselves so far advanced
as they really are. In senior classes the answers should be carefully marked, commented on,
and returned to the pupils; insufficient answers can then be replaced by complete ones, and
any bad spelling brought more plainly before the attention of the pupil. Class-examinations,
from which only a series of values are read out to the pupils, are worse than useless, being an
expenditure of energy on the part of all concerned, without any compensating result.
" There is another point, in our Graded Schools more especially, which deserves some
attention. In a class numbering forty or fifty pupils, it is impossible for them all to be equal
in attainments. If, then, these are all taken up together to any subject, such as reading, the
time of those more proficient is wasted while the others are being taught; thus it is evidently
conducive to better results to have such a class in two parts, when the one part can be
practising some work already learned, while the others are being instructed. In addition, the
mere fact of there being two divisions will tend to produce an ambition on the part of those
in the lower to be promoted into the higher; and if those in the higher division become
careless or indifferent in their work, they can readily be put back to the lower until they
have obtained greater proficiency or shown more diligence or attention.
" In some of our larger classes I have observed a very great waste of time and energy,
just because no division exists, and I would therefore strongly urge that such division be
made by the teacher ; but it requires to be done with the utmost care, so that there may not
be the slightest suspicion of any injustice, and by such means that the teacher can give full
reasons for any arrangement made.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "William Burns,
"Superintendent of Education." "Inspector of Schools. 190
Public Schools Report.
1894
REPORTS OF BOARDS OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES OF CITY DISTRICTS.
 o	
City of Nanaimo.
Board of Public School Trustees.
Edward Quennell, Chairman, John Hilbert,
Thomas Dobeson, Arthur Wilson,
William McGregor, Thomas Bryant.
S. Gough, Secretary.
Nanaimo, B. C, 27th Sept., 1894.
" Sir,—Enclosed herewith is the Annual Statement of estimated values of School properties in this city.
" During the mid-summer holidays the Boys' Central School was completely renovated,
inside and out, and now is in as good condition as at any time since it was built.
" The number of children attending our schools is increasing, and the Trustees contemplate the erection of a large Central School on the site of the Girls' School. The old building
has served its day and cannot be made to do service much longer.
"Two elections have been necessary since the beginning of this year. On 28th May Mr.
Thomas Bryant was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of the late R. Craig, and
on 19th June Mr. Wm. McGregor was elected to fill the remaining portion of Dr. Praeger's
term, who had resigned. " I have, etc.,
"S.   Gough,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Secretary.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1894.
Names of School Buildings.
Boys' Central
Girls' Central
Southward .
North Ward .
High School. .
s
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S
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1887
Wood.
4
1877
II
4
1892
II
2
1892
II
21
1893
11
l)
29,568 sq. ft.
52,272     „
18,612     i,
18,216  „
El
$ 900
900
500
500
300
$3,100
H
I 4,000
5,150
800
.   1,400
$11,350
.5 T3
> a
4J    O
c6   o
.113
ai
$ 2,700
1,700
2,500
3,600
$10,500
$ 7,600
7,750
3,800
5,800
$24,950
" Nanaimo, B C, 37th September, 1891"
" S. Gough,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 191
City of New Westminster.
Board of School Trustees.
James Cunningham, Esq., Chairman, J. B. Kennedy, Esq., M. P. P..
B. W. Shiles, Esq., John McKenzie, Esq.,
G. W. Boggs, Esq., M. D., D. S. Curtis, Esq.,
F. W. Howay, Esq., Secretary.
"New Westminster, B.C., July 15th, 1894.
" Sir,—The Board of School Trustees of the City of New Westminster beg leave to report
as follows for the school-year ending June 30th, 1894.
" The Board has held during the past year nineteen meetings—twelve regular and seven
special meetings. At the end of December, 1893, the Board, in view of the decreased attendance of pupils at Westside, thought it advisable to abolish the position of monitor in that
school.
" Diphtheria having broken out in Central School, the Board thought it desirable in the
interests of all to close all the city schools, except the High School, on the 18th day of June.
The promotion examinations had been completed at that date, but no public examinations
were held in any but the High School.
" During the year the Board has had the front of the Central School lot cribbed up and
fenced, a new sidewalk placed along the front and the lot cleared up. Westside School lot
has been re-graded, drained, and re-fenced in front. The thanks of the Board are due to Mr.
C. Warwick, the Government Agent in this city, for the assistance rendered by him in
enabling the Board to accomplish this work.
" In order that the school children might be able to play under cover during the rainy
weather, the Board has erected four very neat and commodious play-sheds—two at Central
School, one at Sapperton, and one at Westside. The shelter thus given to the children and
the lessening of danger by colds, etc., more than recompense the Board for the small expenditure
involved. The Board propose purchasing a number of patent school seats sufficient to replace
the few old-fashioned wooden ones still remaining in the schools, and thus make the children
more comfortable and the school-room more enjoyable.
" Herewith we enclose a statement of the estimated value of school properties in this
city.
" I have, etc.,
" F. W. Howay,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 192
Public Schools Report.
1894
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1894.
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Names of School Buildings.
'3
a
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ed valu
1    furni
jparatu
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eg
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-£ °
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H
s
H
Central (two buildings; addi
tion of four rooms, 1888)..
1882
Wood.
s!
Reserve of 6
'
Central (new school)	
1891
Brick.
si
acres.
Westside     	
1890
Wood.
4
- $4,500
$20,000
130,000
$54,500
1889
Wood.
2
2 lots—100 x
100 feet.
,
■New Westminster, July 15th, 1894."
'F. W. Howay,
Secretary Board of School Trustees.
City of Vancouver.
Board of School Trustees.
A. H. B. Macgowan, Esq., Chairman,
C. W. Murray, Esq., Secretary,
Wm. Templeton, Esq.,
C. C. Eldridge, Esq.,
G. R. Gordon, Esq.,
Jno. McAllister, Esq.
"Vancouver, B. C, October 12th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the Report of the Board of School Trustees
of Vancouver for the school-year ending June 30th, 1894.
" After the midsummer holidays we opened the new school buildings on Mount Pleasant
and in the West End, as well as the High School. These buildings are fitted up with the
latest appliances in heating and ventilation, and so far are giving entire satisfaction. At the
same time also we found it necessary to open a school in Fairview. The Board requested the
Finance Committee of the City Council to place an amount at their disposal sufficient for the
erection of a suitable school-building for this district, but owing to the financial depression
this request has not as yet been complied with. The work throughout all our schools has
been of a very satisfactory character with the exception of that in the East End, where the
progress of the pupils has been considerably retarded, owing to circumstances with which
you are probably well acquainted. I am happy to state, however, that during the latter half
of the school-year, under the present Principal, a decided improvement has been observable
in this school.
"The Board regrets that its request for the amalgamation of the four preparatory classes
did not meet with your favourable consideration, but trusts that, both on the score of efficiency
and economy, this desirable change may yet be effected.
" Enclosed you will find statement of the expenditures for the school-year, as well as a
memo, of the values of school properties. " I have, &c,
"C. W. Murray,
"Secretary, of Board of School Trustees,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria." 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
193
Vancouver, B. C, October, 1894.
Expenditures on Schools for Year ending June 30th,  1894.
Salaries.
High School $7,594 00
West End School    7,060 00
Central School    6,592 25
Mt. Pleasant    6,261  51
Fairview       886 00
East End   8,794 90
 $37,188 66
Incidentals.
High School $1,161 22
West End School    1,354 54
East End School    2,288 80
Central School    1,671 34
Mt. Pleasant    1,167 09
Fairview       396 58
 $ 8,039 57
Improvements.
High School $1,093 21
West End       195 90
Mt. Pleasant       397  11
East End    3,434 22
Central       173 40
     5,293 84
Total $50,522 07
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1894.
Names of School Buildii
Mt. Pleasant (new)
Mt. Pleasant (old) .
East	
West (new)	
High	
Central   	
West (old)	
Fairview	
1892
1888
1890
1892
1892
1889
1888
A
IS
Brick
Wood
Brick
Wood
.3   60
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£v
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-s 9, «
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85 B
.£   cd   0
g ao
£M <9
<
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400x264 feet.
$1,800
175x150   „
800x264   „
1,800
950x264   „
1,800
200x250   „
2,000
250x265   „
1,800
264x122   „
520x264   „
$9,200
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$10,000
130,000
4,000
2,500
26,000
25,000
27,000
30,000
16,000
30,000
32,000
25,000
6,000
4,000
18,000
$139,000
$146,500
$41,800
6,500
52,800
58,800
48,000
58,800
10,000
18,000
$294,700
Vancouver, October l%th, 1894"
"C. W. Murray,
"Secretary, Board of School Trustees, 194 Public Schools Report. 1894
City of Victoria.
Board of School Trustees.
Charles Hayward, Esq., Chairman, Wm. Marchant, Esq.,
Henry Saunders, Esq., George Glover, Esq.,
J. B. Lovell, Esq., E. A. Lewis, Esq.
B. Williams, Esq., Secretary.
"Victoria, B. C, October 9th, 1894.
"Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the report of the Board of School Trustees of
Victoria City School District for the year ending 30th June, 1894.
" During the year the Board has held upwards of thirty meetings, all of which have been
well attended.
"The first business which occupied the Board during the year was the selection of sites for
the new North and South Ward Schools, and after careful deliberation these were chosen on
the corner of Park Road and Michigan Street, and on Douglas Street, in the Hillside extension
of the Work estate ; the former being about two-thirds of an acre, the latter two acres in
extent. The price paid being in the first case $7,000, and in the last $7,100. In the latter,
however, the extensive grading and filling in has rendered the property of much more value
than the first cost. Upon the passing of the ' Educational Loan By-law, 1893,' $85,000 was
placed at the disposal of the Board to be expended for educational purposes. The Board
apportioned this sum as follows :—
New water closets and sanitary arrangements at Central School. . . $ 4,000
Cost of new school sites    14,200
Cost of two new schools    64,000
Commission, sundries, etc      2,800
" This apportionment has in general been adhered to, though the North Ward School, on
account of the filling in and grading, etc., of the site, as also from the plan of the building
itself, has been the more costly of the two. The ratepayers of the city have for their money a
decidedly superior sanitary, closet, and sewerage system at the Central School, and two new
school buildings capable of accommodating at least 480 pupils each. These schools are provided
with all modern appliances in the way of covered play-grounds, heating systems, slate blackboards, and wiring for electric light, etc., and each has a large assembly hall capable of not
only seating all the pupils attending the school, but being large enough also to allow numerous
visitors to witness the half-yearly closing exercises with comfort. The South Park School is
already connected with the City sewerage system, and arrangements have been effected
whereby the same will be able to be said of the North Ward School in the near future.
" In October last a contract was signed on behalf of the Board for the manufacture, by
Messrs. Muirhead & Mann, of our City, of the school seats and teachers' desks for the new
schools. These have been finished and put in place, and are a credit to our manufacturing
industries. The pleasure it afforded the Board to thus foster our own manufactures met,
however, with a sad damper from the fact that the contractors are alleged to have infringed
a patent of the Globe Furniture Company of Canada, and, in consequence of the suit brought
against them, may not realize as much benefit from the contract as otherwise.
" In February, the Board being in receipt of a bequest under the will of the late J. D.
Pemberton, of $3000 to be used for the erection of a gymnasium in connection with the High
and Central Schools, proceeded, in conjunction with the Aldermanic Board, to the erection of
such an edifice. The site selected was at the south of and adjacent to the original Central
School Building. The building erected thereon is a substantial structure of stone and brick
with all necessary conveniences, designed to remain for many generations a monument to the
memory of the kindly donor, and the pupils of the City Public Schools may well be congratulated on having the best arranged and most complete building for the purpose of any city on
this western coast.     It has been named the   'Pemberton Gymnasium.'     The Board  has 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 195
appointed a competent athletic instructor under whose supervision the necessary furniture
and paraphernalia have been duly installed. The youth of our city being thus provided with
the means of improving their physical as well as their mental capabilities should now indeed
shine forth pre-eminent amongst their less fortunate compeers of other cities of our Province.
" Negotiations have, by direction of the Board, been opened by Mr. E. B. Paul, M. A.,
the Principal of the High School with the authorities of certain Eastern Universities with a
view of affiliating our Institute. This when happily effected will enable our students to save
at least two years of the time of non-residence now required to obtain a Canadian Degree.
"The following changes have occurred in the personnel of the Board. In August, 1893,
Mr. F. G. Richards resigned and Mr. Caleb Bishop was duly elected in his place. In March,
1894, the Board lost the efficient services of Mr. Bishop through his lamented death, and Mr.
Glover, upon an election being held, took his place. Mr. J. S. Yates, in April, 1894, contended
that by the then recent changes in school law he was not eligible to fill a seat on the Board,
being within the meaning of the Act a non-resident. After trying by all means in their
power to retain to the citizens Mr. -Yates' energies as a Trustee, the Board, in September,
declared his seat on the Board vacant. Mr. E. A. Lewis was elected in his place. The
expenditure for the year (30th June, 1893, to 30th June, 1894,) was as follows ; the accounts
being paid by drafts upon the City Treasurer, signed on behalf of the Board of Trustees by
the Chairman, Secretary and one member of the Finance Committee :—
Ordinary Expenses of Maintaining Schools.
Alterations and repairs to school buildings  $2,062 08
School furniture and repairs thereto       990 52
Janitors' salaries  1,949 50
Fuel  825 50
Printing and advertising  273 72
Secretary's office, salary and office supplies  564 45
Stationery and school supplies  316 70
Sundries (including fire insurance)  1,394 80
$8,377 27
Teachers' Salaries , $    31,310 00
Extraordinary Expenditure.
Amount spent out of proceeds of ' Educational Loan By-law,
1893' $ 71,274 62
Total expenditure $110,961  89
" I have, &c,
" B. Williams,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Province of British Columbia. 196
Public Schools Report.
1894
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1894.
Names of School Buildings.
Central	
High	
Girls' (wing added, 1888)
Pemberton Gymnasium. .
South Park School	
North Ward    M     	
James Bay Ward (add'n, '89)
Hillside Ward
Rock Bay Ward n
Spring Ridge Ward „ '89,'93
Victoria West „       '89
Baptist Mission House . .
DO              |
a
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o
CD
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S
o a
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S
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cd  3
pj
AA
CD
£
|  =1
$
=4-1
o
3 .a
1875
Brick
\
1882
TI
-22
1885
11
1894
It
.
1894
II
8
1894
11
8
1883
Wood
3
1884
11
3
1886
II
2
1887
■ i
4
1888
n
4
rented
1
o
5
"3 A
CEt3
O  3
cS  g
74 acres
150x203 feet.
z acres
120x120 feet.
100x133 „
120x120 ,i
135x119 „
1 acre 	
B-S'
$5,500
2,000
2,000
750
750
500
1,000
1,000
250
$13,750
° »
3  C
If
CD  .—I
+f   O
ri   o
.9 o
■+= GO
$90,000
9,000
14,000
3,000
2,900
2,300
2,600
3,000
$126,800
°  Ml
CD   3
> s
CD ^h
4J   O
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.S-8
$65,000
33,500
33,500
4,500
5,000
3,200
5,250
5,000
$154,950
o
H
$160,500
44,500
49,500
8,250
8,650
6,000
8,850
9,000
250
$295,500
" Victoria, 30th June, 1894"
" B.  Williams,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 197
SPECIAL REPORTS ON SCHOOLS.
In order to give statistical information on the schools in a form that will be most readily
understood, it has been deemed best to furnish special reports in the following order:—
A.—High Schools.
B.—Graded Schools.
C.—Rural Schools.
A.
Special Reports on High Schools.
Nanaimo High School.
Principal, Walter Hunter, B.A., B.C.L.
Salary, $115 per month.
Examined, December 5th, 1893.
June 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 39.
Average actual daily attendance, 34.50.
Report of the Principal.
" Nanaimo, B, C, August 10th, 1S94.
" Sir,—I beg to submit the annual report of the Nanaimo High School for the year
ending June 30th, 1894.
" It has been a successful one for this school.
" The erection of a new school-room has afforded more accommodation and better ventilation than we have ever enjoyed in the past, and has enabled us to do better work.
" Our Trustees have always been ready to render any assistance required, and the utmost
harmony has existed in the school-room.
"The number of pupils attending exceeds that of former years and, with few exceptions,
their application has been all that could be desired.
" Most of the parents appear to be fully alive to the importance of sending their children
regularly, thus rendering the task of the teacher more pleasant than it is when irregular
attendance is the rule.
" At the Midsummer Examination, Arthur David Morgan was awarded the Governor-
General's Medal.
" Twelve of the pupils applied for certificates at the Teachers' Examination, and all were
successful.
"When the age of the pupils is taken into account, and the fact that eleven of them had
never tried the examination before, it is safe to assert that they were doing faithful work
during the year.
" Our thanks are due to the Vancouver Coal Company for the prizes awarded for
proficiency in the English subjects, to deserving pupils, at the Midsummer Examination.
. " I have &c,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Walter Hunter.
" Superintendent oj Education, " Principal.
" Victoria, B. C," 198
Public Schools Report.
1894
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christinas.
Midsummer.
1885 86
6
8
9
13
17
18
16
14
19
6
13
16
17
20
19
21
25
29
12
21
25
30
37
37
37
39
48
11.52
14.15
15.86
17.57
21.99
19.94
20.02
23.37
34.50
James A. W. Bell.
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
James A. W. Bell
James Galloway	
James Galloway	
Herbert D. R. Stewart..
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
James Galloway.
James Galloway.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
Christina Agnes Duncan
Watson Dykes.
Caroline M. Edwards.
Arthur David Morgan.
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, Arthur David Morgan, having obtained the
highest number of marks, was awarded the Bronze Medal presented by His Excellency the
Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school.
New Westminster High School.
Principal, Hector M. Stramberg, B.A.
Salary, $120 per month.
Assistant, Robert Law, B.A., Ph. B.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, December 5th, 1893.
June 4th, 5th, 6th, 7 th, 8th,
Enrolled during the year, 83.
Average monthly attendance, 54.
Average actual daily attendance, 44.63.
1894.
Report of the Principal.
"New Westminster, B. 0., June 30th,  1894.
" Sir,—I beg herewith to submit my report of the New Westminster High School for the
year ending 30th June, 1894.
" On a review of the work done in both Departments, I am pleased to be able again to
say that the pupils have made satisfactory progress. In Mr. Law's Division the advancement
has been greater than that of the preceding year. The untiring efforts of this teacher have
certainly not been fruitless; for what some of his pupils did, when examined for promotion,
clearly proved that they had not been taught in vain.
" The number of those attending our High Schools with the view to prepare themselves
for teaching seems to be on the increase; and I think it would be well if your annual
examinations were so arranged that, by means of them, a student could graduate as a teacher
from these institutions. Such an arrangement would not only increase the attendance at our
highest seats of learning, but it would greatly diminish the number of candidates for
certificates at the regular Teachers' Examination, and so
yearly devolves on the Examiners for granting licenses.
" Last winter the Trustees succeeded in overcoming the difficulty in heating the schoolrooms. They put the radiators in order, and made them capable of supplying the required
amount of heat. I have, (fee,
" H. M. Stramberg,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal of High School,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C."
ighten the burden of work that 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
199
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood at the head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
21
20
16
20
17
25
27
32
36
49
19
25
22
28
16
22
24
29
31
34
40
40
38
48
33
47
51
61
67
83
21.77
25.00
19.25
22.75
20.86
24.96
27.50
46.51
42.62
44.63
Thomas R. E. Mclnnes.
Bertha Grant	
Richard McBride	
Frederic Wm. Howay.
Richard McBride.
James Rankin.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
Arthur M, Whiteside ..
Margaret F. Homer.
Margaret F. Homer.
Arthur M. Whiteside.
1891-92
Mabel Lucy Calhoun.
Leonora E. Hughes.
Jean Patterson.
1892-93
1893-94
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, Miss Jean Patterson was awarded the Bronze
Medal, presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils
of this school.
Vancouver High School.
Principal, Alexander Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $150 per month.
1st Assistant, James C. Shaw, B.A.
Salary, $135 per month.
2nd Assistant, G. Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $120 per month.
3rd Assistant, J. H. Kerr, B.A.
Salary, $120 per month.
4th Assistant, J. K. Henry, B.A.
Salary $120 per month.
Examined, December 4th, 1893.
June 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 144.
Average monthly attendance, 105.
Average actual daily attendance, 92.77.
Report of the Principal.
" Vancouver, B.C., September 22nd, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour of submitting the report of the Vancouver High School for the
year 1893-94.
" Nothing calling for special mention has occurred in the management of this school
during the Academic Year. Satisfactory work has been done by the various classes and considerable progress made in the line of advanced mathematics and classics.
" I have, etc.,
" Alexander Robinson,
" S. I). Pope, Esq., LL.D., " Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C" 200
Public Schools Report.
1894
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer Examinations held
since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Midsummer.
18S9-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
10
13
18
31
52
21
29
54
05
92
31
42
72
96
144
24.67
24.36
42.87
64.34
92.77
Catherine A. Barnes.
Florence E. Morrison.
Florence E. Morrison.
Ellen G. Bennett.
Henry Percy De Pencicr.
Victoria High School.
Principal, Edward B. Paul, M.A.
Salary, $125 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Agnes D.  Cameron,  until June  30th,  1894 ; present 1st Assistant,
Neil Heath.
Salary, $110 per month.
2nd Assistant, Albert J. Pineo, B.A., until December 31st,  1893 ; Angus B. McNeill,
until June 30th, 1894 ; present 2nd Assistant, John Simpson, M.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
3rd Assistant, Albert J. Pineo, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
Examined, December 8th, 1893.
June 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 159.
Average monthly attendance, 139.
Average actual daily attendance, 121.60.
Report of the Principal.
"High School, Victoria, B.C., July 25th, 1894.
"Sir,—In forwarding my reports of the 1st Division of this School, I beg to make the
following statement concerning the condition and progress of the Victoria High School for
the year just ended.
" At the beginning of August, 1893, there were two vacancies in the High School staff.
Only one of these was filled up by the appointment of Mr. A. J. Pineo, B.A., to be teacher of
the 3rd Division. The loss of one assistant necessarily rendered a re-grading of the school
indispensable, the 1st Division receiving a number of pupils from the 2nd, the 2nd and 3rd
being united under Miss Cameron, while Mr. Pineo took the pupils who had just passed from
the Public Schools. In consequence of this arrangement the 1st Division had more pupils
than usual, and considerable inconvenience was felt from the unequal degree of advancement
of these pupils. This inconvenience was increased, in the succeeding term, by the necessity
of promoting ten pupils at Christmas, whose progress in the 2nd Division rendered their
claims to advancement irresistible. This necessity was afterwards shown by the fact that at
your examination, last June, one of these pupils obtained the third place in the school. In spite
of the inconvenience caused by the reduction of the staff, however, the working of the school
was not seriously interfered with, and considerable progress was made.
" After the Christmas holidays, Mr. Angus McNeill was appointed 2nd Assistant, and
the number of the staff was thus again raised to four. From that time to the end of the
school-year, the progress made in the school was very marked, and I have great pleasure in
reporting that the term just ended was attended by more success in this school, in all its 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
201
divisions, than any previous term since I have been principal. This result was largely due to
the very efficient teaching and unwearying exertions of Miss Agnes Deans Cameron, 1st Assistant, and Mr. Angus McNeill, 2nd Assistant. Mr. Pineo's Division, the 4th, which was under
his sole tuition, also showed that they had been well and carefully taught. While congratulating
the two first-named teachers on their well-merited promotion to be Principals of two very
important schools in this City, I must put on record the loss the High School has sustained
by their ceasing to be teachers in that school. The loss to myself of Miss Cameron's loyal
co-operation in all matters connected with the good of the school is very great, while all her
former pupils regret her departure, and feel that they have lost not only an efficient teacher,
but also a firm friend devoted to their welfare. Mr. McNeill, also, although he was only one
term in the High School, showed that he is as efficient and zealous as a high school teacher as
he had already proved himself as a public school teacher.
" The Provincial Rolls of Honour for the 1st Division were awarded as follows :—
" Proficiency—Miss Edith M. S. Shrapnel;
"Punctuality, etc.—Miss Margaret Cassilis Maclean ;
"Deportment—Master William N. Winsby.
" A movement was set on  foot,  this  year, by the Vancouver High  School  to  have  it
affiliated with some eastern University, which led the Trustees of Victoria to take steps in the
same direction, which bid fair to lead, at some early date, to affiliation with Toronto, McGill
or Queen's University.    This will tend, doubtless, to the advancement of higher education in
Victoria and in the Province generally.
"In conclusion, I beg to thank you, Sir, and your Inspectors, for your unvarying courtesy
and assistance to myself and the other Teachers of the High School, and to bear testimony to
the kindness of the Board of School Trustees, in being always ready to listen to the recommendations of teachers, and to do all in their power to render this school efficient.
" I have &c,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Edward B. Paul,
" Superintendent of Education, " Principal.
" Victoria, B. C."
Erom the following tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment,
an accurate idea of the number of pupils who have therein received instruction in the different
branches of a higher education may be obtained.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Head of School.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
Year.
attendance
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1876-77
43
17
60
49.00
John C. Newbury	
John C. Newbury.
1877-78
47
54
14
22
61
76
50.15
43.62
1878-79
Thomas Baker	
Herbert C. Carey.
1879-80
51
31
82
54.69
Herbert C. Carey	
Charles Hayward.
18,80-81
37
39
76
52.75
Charles Hayward	
J. B. Carmichael.
1881-82
39
35
74
45.07
Charles Gardiner	
Wm. W. Halliday.
18S2-83
34
27
61
38.00
R. Clayton Fawcett....
Samuel Schultz.
1883-84
45
39
84
50.63
Christina Forrest	
Christina Forrest.
1884-85
37
57
94
56.34
Abbie F. Gardiner	
Abbie F. Gardiner.
1885-86
47
58
105
64.27
W. F. Carey Pope	
John C. Boyd.
1886-87
44
63
107
69.87
Arthur E. Haynes.
1887-88
49
71
120
67.00
Francis B. Gibbs 	
Francis B. Gibbs.
1888-89
57
67
124
74.08
Jeannette Mebius	
Jeannette Mebius.
1889-90
59
70
129
78.39
Ernest Arthur Powell..
Ernest Arthur Powell.
1890-91
55
59
58
78
71
83
73
81
126
142
131
159
82.67
95-13
82.69
121.60
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Edith M. S. Shrapnel.
The silver medal, annually donated by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school, was awarded to Miss Edith M. S. Shrapnel at the
Midsummer Examination, 1894. s
202
Public Schools Report.                                        1894
B.
Special R
ATTENDAN
eports on Graded Schools.
CE AT GRADED SCHOOLS.
The following
FROM   1
tabular   exhibits
872 to 1894, inclusive.
of   attendance at
the Public Schools in the Cities  of
Nanaimo, New Westminster,  Vancouver, and Victoria, as well as at the Graded Schools in
Wellington, Kamloops, Northfleld, and Vernon, will doubtless prove of general interest:—
Nanaimo.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
125
59
66
81
1874-75
153
75
78
112
1875-76
147
83
64
105
1876-77
184
93
91
112.50
1877-78
248
133
115
154
1878-79
241
135
106
136.89
1879-80
228
121
107
131.87
1880-81
265
148
117
136.95
1881-82
238
131
107
118.73
1882-83
210
131
79
108.03
1883-84
374
224
150
192.53
1884-85
322
175
147
180.54
1885-86
368
187
181
226.21
1886-87
414
209
205
244.93
1887-88
455
218
237
246.35
1888-89
490
236
254
229.54
1889-90
576
286
290
294.63
1890-91
682
342
340
372.40
1891-92
779
383
396
479.94
1892-93
793
365
428
480.77
1893-94
895
417
478
579.55
New Westminster.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
87
50
37
73
1874-75
65
32
33
37
1875-76
101
63
38
65
1876-77
121
73
48
67.25
1877-78
132
75
57
90
1878-79
200
102
98
99.03
1879-80
204
115
89
109.53
1880-81
202
116
86
103.63
1881-82
212
131
81
97.29
1882-83
255
150
105
121
1883-84
287
168
119
129.27
1884-85
329
184
145
151.19
1885-86
353
192
161
187.49
1886-87
444
230
214
212.43
1887-88
447
235
212
262.27
1888-89
448
233
215
262.32
1889-90
673
348
325
348.89
1890-91
847
426
421
426.28
1891-92
964
499
465
604.65
1892-93
934
475
459
670.45
1893-94
964
490
474
590.54 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report1.
203
Vancouver.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1886-87
248
138
110
168.40
1887-88
642
333
309
238.19
1888-89
1024
533
491
537.69
1889-90
1465
720
745
817.84
1890-91
1748
840
908
1011.09
1891-92
2004
962
1042
1168.34
1892-93
2175
1010
1165
1542.56
1893-94
2247
1096
1151
1575.09
Victoria.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
346
176
170
113.50
1874-75
465
Not given.
Not given.
272
1875-76
545
Not given.
Not given.
302
1876-77
617
366
251
374
1877-78
734.
455
279
450.15
1878-79
726
395
331
398.99
1879-80
790
436
354
398.78
1880-81
720
391
329
410.09
1881-82
765
440
325
433.45
1882-83
770
423
347
414.55
1883-84
1012
579
433
679.65
1884-85
1343
702
641
710.70
1885-86
1427
789
638
807.10
1886-87
1437
794
643
894.29
1887-88
1539
801
738
917.39
1888-89
1623
839
784
996.11
1889-90
1896
995
901
1096.23
1890-91
2100
1088
1012
1284.68
1891-92
2449
1246
1203
1528.02
1892-93
2427
1244
1183
1636.27
1893-94
2439
1233
1206
1656.70 204
Public Schools Report.
1894
Wellington.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1874-75
34
14
20
24.75
1875-76
46
13
33
23.33
1876-77
53
19
34
23.78
1877-78
44
18
26
38.00
1878-79
50
25
25
29.82
1879-80
79
40
39
37.14
1880-81
89
52
37
42.50
1881-82
123
66
57
52.61
1882-83
146
90
56
73.70
1883-84
156
87
69
55.85
1884-85
142
76
66
73.26
1885-86
135
79
56
77.66
1886-87
151
78
73
79.34
1887-88
179
87
92
75.43
1888-89
227
103
124
100.38
1889-90
283
135
148
127.61
1890-91
234
118
116
113.86
1891-92
331
172
159
167.56
1892-93
292
148
144
155.14
1893-94
364
186
178
201.43
Kamloops.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1887-88
110
61
49
44.27
1888-89
113
70
43
49.92
1889-90
121
75
46
64.39
1S90-91
118
70
48
86.29
1891-92
109
59
50
68.79
1892-93
113
62
.51
59.35
1893-94
126
67
59
73.82
Northfield.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1892-93
1893-94
239
250
114
124
125
126
120.39
127.77
Vernon.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1893-94
135
79
56
91.37 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
205
THE FOLLOWING GRADED SCHOOLS WERE IN OPERATION DURING
THE YEAR,
Schools.
Number
of grades.
Percentage
of regular
attendance.
3
4
4
6
5
3
3
4
8
8
4
9
8
3
8
8
4
4
4
58.58
65.23
do
63.64
62.15
Northfield  	
63.93
59.37
60.16
51.10
67.53
do
East	
66.88
do
East Branch	
85.73
do
West	
69.61
Mt. Pleasant	
73.47
67.68
71.46
do
67.67
do
Central Branch	
64.01
do
West	
66.25
Welling
55.33
In order to secure greater uniformity in the management of Graded Schools, the following
additional regulations have been prescribed by the Council of Public Instruction :—
The Principal shall prepare the Limit Table for each division of his school, and must
forward a copy of the same to the Education Department for approval.
Semi-annual written examinations for making promotions shall be held in the different
divisions of each Graded School.
The Principal shall prepare the questions for these examinations, and shall fix the time
of holding the same, but the promotion lists must be read on the date on which each public
examination of the school is beld.
As it is not deemed proper to place too great reliance upon a single written examination,
the Principal shall consult the assistant teacher of each division in preparing the promotion
list. The assistant's recommendation, based upon record kept as to progress and standing of
pupils claimed to be worthy of promotion, should be accorded proper consideration.
A copy of all questions set for each promotion examination, together with a statement of
the results of the examination of each division (on blanks supplied by the Department for
that purpose), must forthwith be forwarded to the Education Department. 206 Public Schools Report. 1894
Kamloops.
Principal, E, Stuart Wood.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, James R. McLeod, until August 31st, 1894; present 1st Assistant, R.
Landells, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Deborah E. Matthews.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, April 17th and 18th, 1894 ; present, 42 boys, 44 girls ; total, 86.
Enrolled during the year, 67 boys, 59 girls ; total, 126.
Average monthly attendance, 85.
Average actual daily attendance, 73.82.
Expenditure, $2,490.
At the special examination held July 4th and 5th, 1893, Master Arthur P. Lauder and
Miss Ruby May Kidd, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
At an examination held April 17th and 18th, 1894, the following pupils of this school
obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School :—
Sadie Genelle, Edith Maud Lauder,
Jennie Goddard, Martha Florence Lee,
Elsie Violet McLaren.
Report of the Principal.
"Kamloops, B. C, June 29th, 1894.
" Sir,—I send by this mail, under separate cover, one copy List of Pupils, one copy
Annual Report, two sheets Promotion Lists, Monthly Report for month of June, and copies of
Examination Papers as submitted at recent promotion examination.
" School was closed yesterday by usual exercises and short programme, followed by
several very good speeches from Hon. Theodore Davie, G. B. Martin, Esq., M.P.P., Rev. J. F.
Betts, Rev. A. Lee, Rev. E. P. Flewelling, and others.
" The attendance was good, and keen interest and satisfaction manifested in the various
exercises.
" Honour Rolls were distributed by Hon. Theodore Davie, as follows :—
I. Division :—Deportment, William Fortune Graham.
" Regularity and Punctuality, Joseph Goddard.
ii Proficiency, Jennie Goddard.
II. Division :—Deportment, Bertha Lauder.
ii Regularity and Punctuality, Isabella Birdena McLaren.
ii Proficiency, Donald Alex. McDonald.
III. Division :—Deportment, Edwin Stevenson.
ii Regularity and Punctuality, William Davison.
ii Proficiency, Edmund Grindrod.
" Throughout the year the attendance and progress of the pupils have been satisfactory.
Prom the First Division, seven pupils passed the examination for entrance to a High School,
and one was awarded a Teacher's Certificate at the July Examination, 1893. At present,
four pupils are prepared to write at forthcoming Teachers' Examination.
" The work of the Second Division has been well performed by Mr. McLeod, who was
selected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Miss Pope, at the close of the last
school-year.
" Miss Matthews still conducts the Junior Department in a manner highly creditable to
herself and satisfactory to the parents.
" Grading has been almost the same as last year. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 207
" On account of large attendance in Junior Department, the Senior class was promoted to
Mr. McLeod's department in May, and Mr. McLeod's senior class was promoted to First
Division pro tern., without a written examination, but was examined for promotion on C.
Papers, with others of 4th class who were still in Second Division.
" As formerly, we have received nothing but considerate kindness and assistance from
Trustees and parents, and the work in all its phases has been most harmonious.
I am, &c,
E. Stuart Wood,
■ S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
" Principal, Public School.
Nanaimo.
Boys' School.
Principal, John Shaw.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, James A. Galloway.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Flora E. Hartt.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Christina Pool, until December 31st, 1893;   present  3rd Assistant,
Miss M. G, Dobeson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 272.
Average monthly attendance, 211.
Average actual daily attendance, 177.43.
At the Christmas Examination, 1893,   the following  passed  the  standard  required for
admission to a High School :—
John W. Sharpies,
Benjamin McKenzie,
Ingam E. Clark.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following  obtained the percentage  required
for admission to a High School :—
Arthur Webb,
Robert Donaldson,
Patrick H. O'Connell,
Herbert F. Davis,
John G. Morgan,
Henry Dempster,
Joseph Dykes.
Report of the Principal.
"Nanaimo, B. C, June 30th, 1894.
" Sir,—Herewith find annual report of the Nanaimo Boys' Public School for the year
ending June 30th, 1894.
" The progress for the past year has been above the average, the promotions being as
follows : From 4th division to 3rd, 25 pupils ; from 3rd to 2nd, 27 ; from 2nd to 1st, 17; and
from 1st to High School, 10.
"The fourth division is overcrowded at present—128 names being enrolled with an
average of over 70—but we expect to be able to relieve it in August, 208 Public Schools Report. 1894
" At Christmas, Miss Pool, 3rd Assistant, resigned her position, and Miss M. Dobeson was
appointed to fill the vacancy.
" Our school-building is beginning to look rather dilapidated, but I understand the School
Board is seriously considering the idea of erecting a large brick building, nearer the centre of
the town. Such a building would add greatly to our present system, as it would enable us to
grade the different divisions with better satisfaction.
" I have, etc.,
"Jno. Shaw,
"Principal.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B.C."
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Maria Lawson.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lucy A. Mebius.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Isabel Brown, until June 30th, 1894 ; present 2nd Assistant, Miss
Mary P. Haarer.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary P. Haarer, until June 30th, 1894; present 3rd Assistant, Miss
Sarah F.  Muir.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June, 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 300.
Average monthly attendance, 230.
Average actual daily attendance, 190.94.
At the Christmas Examination, 1893, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School :—
Annie M. Woodman,
Alice Langill.
At the Midsummer Examination,  1894, the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School :- —
Elizabeth Sharpies,
Emma Olmstead,
Charlotte Barrett,
Mary Ramsay,
Gertrude McKinnon.
Report of the Principal.
"Victoria, July 16th, 1894.
"Sir,—At the close of the school year, 1893-94, I have little that is of general interest
to bring to your notice.
" The Trustees of the Nanaimo Schools have, as before, been uniformly kind and helpful.
" The Girls' School has, I am sorry to say, lost a very efficient teacher in Miss Isabel
Brown, who resigned at the close of the term.
" Owing to the crowded state of the second division, it was impossible to piomote the
pupils from the third division who, at Christmas, passed the grading examination. I was
obliged to request Miss Brown to take up the work of the junior class of the second division,
in addition to her own work, which she performed cheerfully and well. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 209
" It was also thought necessary by the Nanaimo teachers, in order to prevent the overcrowding of the Central Schools, to raise the standard of admission from the Ward Schools.
Though this seems hardly fair to the hard-working teachers of those schools, it was, under the
circumstances, unavoidable. It is hoped that before the close of another school-year Nanaimo
will have more and better school accommodation.
" Thanking you, Sir, and the other officials of the Education Office for your kindness and
consideration, " I remain, etc.,
" Maria Lawson,
' S. D. Pope, LL.D., " Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
North   Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Marion Gordon.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Kate Hilbert, until June 30th, 1894; present assistant, Miss Maude C.
Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 9th, 1893.
December 5th, 1893.
February 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 135.
Average monthly attendance, 93.
Average actual daily attendance, 76.30.
South   Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Christina A. Duncan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Sarah Marshall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 10th, 1893.
February 8th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 140.
Average monthly attendance, 115.
Average actual daily attendance, 100,38.
Northfield.
Principal, James E. Norcross.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Jessie M. Elsden, until September 30th, 1893; present 1st Assistant,
Miss Rebecca Tanner.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant,  Miss  Rebecca Tanner,  until September 30th,  1893; Miss Frances G.
Walker, until December 31st, 1893; present 2nd Assistant, Miss Maud M. R. Walker.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Maud M. R. Walker, until December 31st,  1893; present Monitor,  Miss
Kate C. Smith.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 12th, 1893; present, 60 boys, 73 girls; total, 133.
February 5th, 1894; present, 62 boys, 66 girls; total, 128.
June 8th, 1894; present, 65 boys, 57 girls; total, 122,
Enrolled during the year, 124 boys, 126 girls; total, 250,
Average monthly attendance, 165.
Average actual daily attendance, 127.77,
Expenditure, $2,960, 210 Public Schools Report. 1894
Report of the Principal.
"Northfield, B. C, July 10th, 1894.
"Sir,— ******
" With reference to the annual report and list of pupils of the fourth division, the discrepancy between the total number of pupils attending the school and the highest register
number has arisen owing to several children having been assigned new numbers on returning
after an absence of several months. In the case of the very young children attending the
lowest room, it is very difficult to find out anything about them, as they nearly all come to us
ignorant of the English language, and we have not yet acquired a practical knowledge of the
half-dozen European tongues they use at home. Furthermore, it is almost impossible for the
female teachers to go into the foreign quarter to make enquiries. Consequently, the seventh
and eighth columns are inadequately dealt with. Many of these children live at a point
which is about equi-distant from Northfield, Wellington and Mountain Schools, and some of
them favour all three with their presence in the course of the year. If I may be permitted, I
will take the liberty of suggesting that a regulation emanating from the Department, and
designed to meet such cases, would be of great benefit to teachers situated as we are.
******
" I have, etc.,
"J. C. Norcross,
"S.D.Pope,  Esq,LL.D., "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C"
New Westminster.
Boys' School.
Principal, William C. Coatham.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert G. Gordon.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Frank E. Morrison, until  December  31st,   1893,  present  2nd  Assistant
John D. Buchanan.
Salary, $65 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Melrose Dockrill.
Salary, $60 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Archena J. McDougall.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Mary S. Brown.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year 365.
Average monthly attendance, 274.
Average actual daily attendance, 226.86.
At the Christmas Examination,  1893,  the following passed the standard  required for
admission to a High School:—
Alexander McQuarrie, Arthur F. C. Herring,
Ernest Fraser, Edward James Cosens,
William Gifford, Ernest C. Barclay,
Frederic Patterson, Harold Fearenside,
Robert John Johnson. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 211
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following  obtained  the  percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Welland R. Gordon, Garnet P. Grant,
Frederic M. Hall,   ' Paul G. Morrison,
James W. Hall, Percival G. Cudlip,
Anthony C. Clarke, Robert Gunn,
William A. Jones.
Report of the Principal.
" New Westminster, June 30th, 1894.
" Sir,—In accordance with the Rules and Regulations, I herewith forward you my report
as Principal of the Boys' School.
" Our first term opened August 21st, two weeks later than usual, owing to the prevalence
of sickness among the children of the city; and the second term closed as early as June
15th for the same reason.
" Our promotion examinations, which should have been conducted in June preceding,
were not completed till Sept. 15th, leaving only twelve weeks before the December examinations. In our recent June examinations 243 pupils completed their examinations, of whom
205 were promoted, and nine pupils passed into the High School each term.
" The genera] public have displayed much interest in the welfare of our School, and many
visitors were present at our closing exercises in December, but we were unable to have any
public closing at Midsummer.
" Our Trustees have very kindly defrayed the expenses of printing the promotion questions
and of purchasing the necessary foolscap for the written exercises. Our other wants are
promptly attended to by the Board.
" In the lower divisions a number of old seats are still in use, which should be replaced
by those of newer design, and better adapted to the physical needs and comfort of the pupils.
" Of my five assistants, I may say they have endeavoured to employ the best methods, also
civility and courtesy have prevailed among the teachers, and an untiring interest in the success
of the pupils and in the general welfare of the schools has characterized the course of each
teacher.    The discipline has considerably improved during the year.
" We hold our Principals' meeting once each month, and in addition to this we have our
City Teachers' Institute also held monthly, and thus, by frequent interchange of ideas and
general discussion of educational topics, we have all gained much by the mutual assistance
afforded.
" For the last four months the pupils have enjoyed two lessons each week in the theory
and practice of vocal music. A trained instructor has been employed, and a good beginning
made. Much interest was displayed by most of the pupils, and no doubt they will receive
lasting benefit by its introduction through its refining and social influences.
I have, &c,
"W. C. Coatham,
" Principal of Boys' School.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
''Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria," 212 Public Schools Report. 1894
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Ellen Rogers.
Salary $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Edith E. Robinson.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Blanche Millard.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Margaret F. Homer.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Mary S, Homer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 258.
Average monthly attendance, 197.
Average actual daily attendance, 164.95.
At the Christmas Examination,  1893, the following passed the standard  required for
admission to a High School:—
Flora McNeil Robinson,
Jane Arthur,
Margaret E. Welch,
Janet M. McN. DesBrisay,
Flora McD. Bell,
Abigail A. Young.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following obtained the   percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Bessie G. Eastman,
Alice M. Philip,
Maud A. Charleson,
Ethel G. Wardle,
Bessie Burr,
Elizabeth McC. Bell.
Report of the Principal.
" New Westminster,
"June, 26th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you the annual report of the New Westminster
Girls' School. Owing to the prevalence of diphtheria in the city, the schools were not opened
until the 21st of August, 1893; and for the same reason, were closed on the 15th of this
month. Thus only one public examination was held. During the term the attendance was
somewhat irregular from the same cause.
" My assistants have been diligent and faithful in their work, as is shown by the results of
the examinations in the different divisions. At Christmas sixteen pupils were promoted from
the 5th division, twelve from the 4th, ten from the 3rd, and six from the 2nd. At the Midsummer Examination, twenty-six pupils were promoted from the 5th division, sixteen from the
4th, seventeen from the 3rd, and eleven from the 2nd. Twelve pupils have been successful in
gaining entrance to the High School.
" The Trustees have shown themselves anxious to promote the welfare of the pupils in
every way possible. The heating apparatus has been improved so that no difficulty was experienced during the past winter in keeping the temperature at the desired point. Play sheds
have been erected in the school grounds for the convenience of the pupils in stormy weather.
" I have, etc.,
" Ellen Rogers,
"Principal, Girls' School.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B.C." 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 213
Sapperton School.
Teacher, Norton Strople.
Salary, $70 per montb.
Assistant, Miss Janet I. Miller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Belle Dixon.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 26th, 1893.
February 19th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 142.
Average monthly attendance, 102.
Average actual daily attendance, 84.31.
At the  Christmas Examination, 1893, the following passed  the  standard required for
admission to a High School: —
George Kendall,
William Stott.
Westside School.
Teacher, Robert J. Hall.
Salary, $70 per month.
Assistant, Mrs. Annie C. McDonald.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jennie S. McMartin, until December 31st, 1893.
Salary, $40 per month.
Visited, September 25th, 1893 ; school not in session.
Inspected, February 20th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 116.
Average monthly attendance, 92.
Average actual daily attendance, 69.79.
This school is at present in charge of two teachers.
Vancouver.
Central  School.
Principal, Frederick M. Cowperthwaite, B. A.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Gregory H. Tom, until October 10th, 1893; present 1st Assistant, William
B. Burnett, B. A.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Margaret J.   Murchie,   until  December  31st,   1893 ;   present  2nd
Assistant, David M. Robinson, B. A.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Emily C. Angew.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Ethel L. Le Page, until December 31st, 1893 ; present 4th Assistant,
Miss Rachel Macfarlane.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th  Assistant,  Miss  Margaret  Hartney,   until   December   31st,   1893;    present   5th
Assistant, Miss Annie. L. Buttimer.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant,   Miss  Annie  L.   Buttimer,   until   December  31st, 1893;    present 6th
Assistant, Miss Marion B. Johnstone.
Salary, $55 per month. 214
Public Schools Report.
1894
7th Assistant,  Miss  Marion B.  Johnstone,   until  December  31st,  1893;   present   7th
Assistant, Miss M. Hartney.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 473.
Average monthly attendance, 376.
Average actual daily attendance, 319.46.
At the Christmas Examination,  1893,  the following passed the standard required  for
admission to a High School :—
Herbert G. Selwood,
David McLaren,
Samuel Wark,
Esther Robinson,
Ida L. Marshall,
Ethelyn M. Fox,
Margaret McLean,
Donald E. McTaggart,
Alexander Allan,
Frank Springer,
Gertrude Charleson,
Sarah L. Marsden,
Alexander Matheson,
George M. Matheson,
Lily Hooper,
Henrietta Robinson,
Archibald McLaren.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a Hiafh School:—
Sarah Louie Tracy,
Alexander B. Gordon,
Archibald H. Fee,
Jessie Clements,
William A. Morris,
Gertrude L. Standfield,
Gertrude E. Howe.
Margaret B. Clark,
Arthur Moscrop,
Ida A. Madill,
Hugh St. G. Hamersley,
Maud Macnider,
Flora J. Oppenheimer,
Report of the Principal.
"Vancouver, July 11th, 1894.
" Sir,—In compliance with Article 10 of the Rules and Regulations, I have the honour
to lay before you my report of the Central School for the year ended 30th June, 1894.
" Upon the whole, the work of the school during the year has been well done. Several
changes have been made in the staff. After two-and-a-half years of hard and faithfully
performed work as First Assistant, Mr. Gregory H. Tom was promoted to the Principalship
of the East End School.
" At Christmas, Mrs. Mills, nee Murchie, resigned her position of Second Assistant.
In my estimation, no better teacher than Mrs. Mills has as yet held an appointment on the
central staff. Her place has been taken by Mr. D. M. Robinson, B.A., while Mr. W. B.
Burnett, B.A., has been made First Assistant. The Fourth Assistantship, formerly held by
Miss Le Page, who resigned at Christmas, was filled by the appointment of Miss R. Macfarlane.
" Since the beginning of the school-year over two hundred and fifty people have visited
the school. Among the visits, were nine from the Inspectors and sixteen from the Trustees,
so that I have no longer any reason to speak of lack of interest in our work.
" I have, &c,
"F. M.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B.C."
COWPERTHWAITE,
" Principal. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 2l5
East School.
Principal, Robert Sparling, until August 31st, 1893 ; present Principal, Gregory H. Tom.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, John McMillan, B.A., until February 28th, 1894; present 1st Assistant,
James J. Dougan.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, James J. Dougan, until June 30th,  1894; present 2nd Assistant, Miss
Catherine A. Barnes.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Catherine A. Barnes, until June 30th, 1894 ; present 3rd Assistant,
Miss Bessie Johnston.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Bessie Johnston, until June 30th, 1894 ; present 4th Assistant, Miss
Minna G. McKay.
Salary, $70 per month.
5th Assistant,  Miss Minna G.  McKay,  until June 30th, 1894; present 5th Assistant,
Miss Marie L. Fletcher.
Salary, $65 per month.
6th Assistant,  Miss  Mary A.   Wintemute,  until December 31st, 1893 ; Miss Marie L.
Fletcher, until June 30th, 1894; present 6th Assistant, Miss Mary A. Wintemute.
Salary, $60 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss H. Wintemute, until December 31st, 1893 ; Miss Mary A. Wintemute, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 391.
Average monthly attendance, 306.
Average actual daily attendance, 261.53.
At the Christmas  Examination,  1893,  Master Hector A. Fowler passed the standard
required for admission to a High School.
At the Midsummer Examination,  1894,  the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Sadie Cameron,
John Foster,
Beatrice Young.
East Branch School.
Teacher, Miss Marie L. Fletcher,   until December  31st,   1893;   present Teacher, Miss
Anna E. Fraser.
Salary, $65 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ellen Ralph, until December 31st, 1893 ; present 1st Assistant, Miss
Jean W. Black.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Anna E. Fraser, until December 31st, 1893; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss H. Wintemute.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Jean W. Black, until December 31st, 1893.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 16th, 1893;
September 27th, 1893 ;
February 15th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 178.
Average monthly attendance, 158.
Average actual daily attendance, 152.60.
This school is now in charge of three teachers. 216 Public Schools Report. 1894
Report of the Principal.
"Vancouver, July 13th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit to you my first annual report of the
Vancouver East Public School.
" During the past year, two teachers, Mr. John McMillan, B.A., and Miss Ellen Ralph,
have left the staff.
" Very satisfactory work has been done in most of the junior and intermediate classes,
but the work in the senior classes has suffered, on account of school troubles and frequent
re-arrangement of classes. Small attendance in the senior classes made it necessary for me to
undertake more work than could be satisfactorily accomplished. The promotion list in the
senior classes has been small for several examinations, and it will be some time before the
results in the fifth classes can be satisfactory.
"I have, &c,
"Gregory H. Tom,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal, East School.
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C."
West School.
Principal, Thomas A. McGarrigle, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert Fraser.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Mary M. Chambers, B.A.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary L. Harding.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Lena M. Ferguson.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss E. Murray.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Mary E. Speirs.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Minnie M. McFarlane.
Salary, $50 per month.
8th Assistant, Miss Sarah I. Lang, until June 30th, 1894; present 8th Assistant, Thomas
E. Knapp.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 531.
Average monthly attendance, 450.
Average actual daily attendance, 369.68.
At the Christmas  Examination,  1893,  the  following  passed the standard  required for
admission to a High School: —
William G. Breeze, Ernest W. Stark,
Thomas W. Mather, •       Wilhelmina Moss,
Mabel Armstrong, Charles B. Worsnop,
Nellie Cornish.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Bertram G. Wood, Ernest Chapman,
Jessie Campbell, Mary E. Dumville,
Stanley Barwick, Etta Magee,
Ralph Berteaux. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 217
Report of the Principal.
"Vancouver, B. C, September 10th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour of presenting to you my report of the West Vancouver Public
School for 1893-4.
" Since the last report our staff has been increased to nine, but some of the rooms are still
crowded. The school is, as a whole, in good working order and has increased its efficiency
during the past year. The pupils have, almost without exception, shown themselves polite and
attentive, and eager to avail themselves of the excellent educational opportunity which has been
presented to them.. Any permanent good that may have been attained has, to a large extent,
been due to the zeal, barmony, and impartial bearing of the staff. We have given due
attention to punctuality, neatness, and thoroughness in whatever attempted. There has been
no epidemic disease during the past year, owing, in a large measure, I believe, to the intelligence, watchfulness, and precautions of both parents and teachers. Parents have, as a body,
done everything in their power to strengthen the hands of the teachers, and have taken a
hearty interest in school matters. Our School Board have proven themselves worthy to be
members of a free and public body. They have done their duty without fear, and certainly
without prejudice. In regard to details, you will notice by reports that truancy, etc., have
been very rare.
" I have, etc.,
"T. A. McGarrigle,
" Principal,  West Vancouver School.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria."
Mount Pleasant School.
Principal, George W. Jamieson.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Allan C. Stewart.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Truman S. Baxter.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Florence Morrison, until December 31st, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant,
Robert H. Carscadclen.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Jessie A. Black, until December 31st, 1893 ;   present 4th Assistant,
Miss Florence Morrison.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Una M. Stitt,  until  December  31st, 1893 ;   present   5th Assistant,
Miss Jessie A. Black.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Una M. Stitt.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Lizzie Fletcher.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893,
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 462.
Average monthly attendance, 398.
Average actual daily attendance, 339.45.
At the Christmas Examination, 1893, the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Lydia M. Garrison,
Robert O. Boult. 218 Public Schools Report. i894
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Mark Bovyer, Alice Graham,
William Blair, Ellen Black,
Annie Baxter, Lillian Allan,
William Chase, Stanley Morrison,
Percy Thompson, Margaret Ross.
Report of the Principal.
"Vancouver, June 29th, 1894.
" Sir,—In the performance of my duty, I herewith forward you the first Principal's
annual report of the Mount Pleasant Public School of Vancouver.
" This school was organized in November, 1888, with an attendance of about 40 pupils,
while at present the roll shows the number to be nearly 400.
" During the year 1893, a tine brick eight-roomed building was erected, which reflects
credit, not only on the city, but on the Province, and although the yard is in a very bad condition, too much praise cannot be given to the trustees, for their untiring efforts to improve
in every way the schools of this city.
" During the past year 12 pupils were promoted to the High School; each teacher of
the staff has done his or her duty faithfully and well, and a spirit of harmony has existed
among us throughout.
" In conclusion, I cheerfully acknowledge that the parents of the pupils of this school
take much interest in their children's progress, and show their appreciation of the teachers'
efforts by their attendance at the public examinations.
" I have, &c.,
" G. W. Jamieson,
" Principal, Mount Pleasant School.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
"Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
Fairview School.
Teacher, George W. McRae.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ethel L. Le Page.
Salary, $40 per month.  .
Inspected, September 28th, 1893; present, 17 boys, 7 girls; total, 24.
February 15th, 1894; present, 19 boys, 13 girls; total, 32.
Enrolled during the year, 68.
Average monthly attendance, 48.
Average actual daily attendance, 39.60. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 219
Vernon.
Principal, Henry J. Hoidge.
Salary, $75   per month.
1st Assistant, Angus C. Buchanan.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Ella Coghlan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 4th, 1894; present, 41 boys, 32 girls; total, 73.
April 5th, 1894; present, 52 boys, 25 girls; total, 77.
Enrolled during the year, 79 boys, 56 girls; total, 135.
Average monthly attendance, 116.
Average actual daily attendance, 91.37.
Expenditure, $1,830.
In April, 1894, it was found necessary to provide a Second Assistant for this school.
Report of the Principal.
"Vernon, B. C, Sept. 14th, 1894.
" Sir,—I beg respectfully to submit the following report of Vernon Public School for the
year ending June 30th, 1894 :—
" In the matter of attendance the school has made very satisfactory progress during the
year, as you have doubtless noticed by the reports forwarded to the Department. Very satisfactory progress has also been made in their studies by those pupils who have been regular in
their attendance. Those who have been irregular—and unfortunately their number has not
been small by any means—have not, of course, done so well, besides retarding the progress of
the whole school.
"During the first half of the year we laboured under a great disadvantage, the two
divisions at that time occupying Cameron's Hall, and separated by only a curtain stretched
across the room. The attendance was large, considering the seating accommodation, the
ventilation bad, and the conditions generally such as to make satisfactory work next to
impossible.
" Since Christmas, however, we have had nothing of which to complain as regards school
accommodation, as we have, since that time, been'occupying our new school building, in which
we find ourselves very comfortable.
" On the appointment of Miss Ella Coughlan, my Second Assistant, in April, a re-classification was made, which, with a few modifications since, has proved very satisfactory.
" Our Public Examination at Christmas was a very pleasant one, though only a few visitors
favoured us with their presence. At the Midsummer Examination, however, a more general
interest was shown and we had more visitors than we could conveniently accommodate,
though not more than were most heartily welcome, a number of whom gave short addresses,
in which they were kind enough to say many words of appreciation and cheer to both teachers
and scholars.
" Owing to the fact that we had so recently classified the pupils, we deemed it advisable
not to make any promotions at midsummer, except to move two classes bodily, one from the
3rd division to the 2nd, and another from the 2nd division to the 1st, for the purpose of
equalizing the numbers.
" We intend at Christmas to have Promotion Examinations in the regular way, and also
expect to have a few candidates for the High School Entrance Examination.
" In concluding this brief report, I wish to express my hearty appreciation of the work
of my assistants, Mr. A. C. Buchanan, who has had charge of the 2nd division during the
year, and Miss Ella Coughlan, who has had charge of the 3rd division since April 2nd, both of
whom have proved not only efficient teachers, but also the most agreeable of fellow-workers.
" I have, etc.,
"Henry J. Hoidge,
" Principal.
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LED.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 220                                         Public Schools Report.
1894
Victoria.
Boys' School.
Principal, Stephen B. Netherby.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant,  Angus B.  McNeil
,  until   December  31st,   1893 ; present  1st Assistant,
Edward F. Doran.
Salary, $80 per month.
•     •
2nd Assistant,  Edward F. Doran,
until December 31st, 1893 ; Ernest H. Russell, B.A.,
until June 30th, 1894 ; present 2nd Assistant, Joseph F. Sallaway.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Ernest H. Russell, B.A., until December 31st, 1893 ; present 2
rd Assistant,
Miss Elizabeth E. Sylvester.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor of 4th Division,  Miss Caroline A.  Dowler,  until December 31st
1893 ; Miss
Eliza King, until June 30th,
1894.
Salary, $40 per month.
4th Assistant,  Miss  Elizabeth E.
Sylvester,  until  December  31st,   1893 ;
present 4th
Assistant, Miss Gertrude H.
Withrow.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Gertrude  H.
Withrow,  until December  31st,   1893 :
present 5th
Assistant, Miss Sarah Kermode.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Sarah Kermode, until December 31st, 1893; present 6th Assistant,
Miss Grace H. Fawcett.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant,  Miss Grace H. Fawcett, until  December 31st,  1893; Miss
Christina T.
Lorimer, until June 30th, 1894 ; present 7th Assistant, Miss Caroline C. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor of  8th  Division,   Miss  Eliza King,   until   December  31st,   1893 ;
Miss   Amy
Spragge, until June 30th,  1894.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th
1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 540.
Average monthly attendance, 447
Average actual daily attendance, ,
385.92.
At the Christmas Examination,
1893, the following passed the standard
required for
admission to a High School :—
Hans Kroeger,
Clarence McL. O'Brian,
Edgar M. Burns,
James McD. Milne,
Morris W. Thomas,
Effie M. Greenfield,
Henry E. Pridham,
Ernest C. Pendray,
Norman Cuthbert,
William H. Bland,
Cecil E. Berkeley,
William L. Roberts,
Wallace W. Berridge,
Edward Kermode,
Walter B. Smith,
Henry T. Boyd,
James A. Bland,
Kenneth P. Wollaston,
William W. Northcott,.
Ewen J. Cameron,
John H. McConnell,
Thomas M. Hickey,
'
Arthur C. B. Norton-Taylor,
Edward George. 58 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report. 221
At the Midsummer Examination,   1894, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
Joseph Blumenthal, Arthur S. Burgess,
Frederick E. Ewart, Archibald Pearce,
Nils H. Ohlson, Frank McG. Fraser,
Edward J. Marshall, Arthur B. Netherby,
George R. Sheppard, Harry W. Welsh,
Wilson J. C. Armstrong, Lambert A. Thompson,
Melville L. Jewell, George T. Warren,
Reginald Hayward, John S. Cameron,
Francis W. Stevenson, John C. Burkholder.
Report of the Principal.
"Victoria, July 12th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following report of the Boys'
Central School.
"The results of the Promotion Examinations show that good work has been done, with
one or two exceptions, in all the classes.
" The Branch School is to be discontinued and the Gymnasium re-opened.
" Parents and Trustees have expressed their interest in educational matters by their
frequent visits to the different classes.
" Encouragement has been given to the teachers and pupils of all the classes by the
visits of the Inspectors.
" I have to thank you for your counsel and advice in matters pertaining to the working
of the school during the year just closed. " I have, etc.,
" S. D. Pope, Esq , LL.D., " S. B. Netherby,
"Superintendent of Education." "Principal.
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Mary Williams.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, Mrs. L. M. Caldwell, until December 31st, 1893; present 1st Assistant, Miss
Lizzie A. Barron.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Lizzie A. Barron, until December 31st, 1893; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss Ada Keast.
Salary, $70 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Ada Keast, until December 31st, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant, Mrs.
L. M. Caldwell.
Salary $65 per momth.
4th Assistant, Miss Frances E. Arrowsmith.
Salary, $60 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Sarah A. Robinson, until June 30th, 1894; present 5th Assistant,
Miss Alexandrina Russell.
Salary, $55 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Alexandrina Russell, until June 30th, 1894 ; present 6th Assistant,
Miss Isabel R. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Isabel R. Christie, until June 30th, 1894; present 7th Assistant,
Miss Edith M. Jesse.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 467.
Average monthly attendance, 369.
Average actual daily attendance, 316.06. 222
Public Schools Report.
1894
At the Christmas  Examination,
admission to a High School:—
Beatrice J. Tobin,
Alice E. Dalby,
Sarah A. Eckersley,
Eva S. Shrapnel,
Emily H. Cox,
Annie Cathcart,
Florence N. Mallett,
1893, the following passed the standard required  for
Mabel V. Sylvester,
Agnes Robinson,
Pearl W. Fleming,
Cora H. Loat,
Winnifred J. Creech,
EvisJ. Mills,
Mabel B. Estes,
Blanche C. Couves.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following obtained the percentage  required
for admission to a High School:—
Dorothy Allison,
Rosemary Reid,
Marion E. Glover,
Maude E. Bone,
Christina S. Anderson,
Alice M. Parsons,
Verna A. Heisterman,
Annie L. Wriglesworth,
Clare E. Winnett,
Caroline M. Hall,
May Winnett,
Margaret Hiseocks,
Ethelreda S. Scholefield,
Ida J. Wolfe,
Mary J. McCrimmon,
Kate A. Braid,
Lillian E. McTaggart,
Ina E. McFadden.
Report of the Principal.
Victoria, July 18th, 1894.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit my report of the Girls' Central School for
the year 1893-94.
" During the year, between sixty and seventy pupils from other places and schools have
been classified and enrolled among our numbers.
" In March, a new Limit Table was jointly drawn up by Messrs. Netherby, Nicholson
and myself, which appears to give general satisfaction in the various departments. A new
departure was this year made in our written examinations, which exacted 30 per cent, in each
subject, 50 per cent, in grammar, and 60 per cent, of the possible total as the marks to be
attained for promotion. Under this regulation and the new Limit Table, the promotion lists
have been very satisfactory, and show faithful and conscientious work in each grade of our
school.
" We have heretofore laboured under the serious disadvantage of being very much overcrowded, but the completion of the new graded school-buildings will, I trust, relieve this
congestion and enable us to attain even better results than hitherto.
" We feel very keenly the want of an Assembly Hall, in which could be held weekly
assemblies of all the classes for instruction in singing, &c, as well as the semi-annual public
examinations, there being not nearly enough accommodation for the large number of visitors
who so kindly attend our closing excercises.
" It is my pleasant duty, in conclusion, to offer my hearty thanks to the Education
Department, trustees, and teachers, for their kindly co-operation in everything promoting the
efficiency and well-being of the Girls' Central School.
" I have, &c,
" M. Williams,
" Principal, Girls' School.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
"Superintendent of Education, Victoria." 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 223
Central Branch School.
Teacher, Joseph F. Sallaway, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Duncan Ross, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Christina T. Lorimer, until December 31st, 1893; Miss Mina Sanderson, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant,  Miss Mina Sanderson, until   December  31st,  1893;   Miss Caroline A.
Dowler, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, December 4th and 5th, 1893.
June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 219.
Average monthly attendance, 163.
Average actual daily attendance, 140.19.
At the Christmas Examination,  1893,  the following passed  the standard  required for
admission to a High School :—
John L. Colbert,
Alfred L. Nicolle,
Alfred G. Herd.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following  obtained  the percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
Alexander Riddell,
William C. Roarke,
Marion Hornsby,
John C. Pendray,
Mildred Williams,
West School.
Principal, Thomas Nicholson.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ellen G. Lawson.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Orvilla Northcott, until December 31st, 1893; Miss Sarah J.
Murton, until June 30th, 1894; present 2nd Assistant, D. Ross.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Leonard Tait, until December 31st, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant, John J.
Stephenson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Mabel A. Gaudin.
Salary, $30 per month.
Examined, June 6th and 7th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 254.
Average monthly attendance, 206.
Average actual daily attendance, 168.28.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Edgar L. Fawcett,
Charles Stephens, Report of the Principal.
" Victoria West School, July, 1894.
" Sir,—Owing to one circumstance or another that has occurred, frequent changes have
been made in the teaching staff of this school. At the end of last school-year, Mr. Schuyler
and Miss Carmichael were removed, and Miss Lawson and Miss Gaudin were appointed in
their stead. At Christmas, Mrs. Falconer (nee Northcott) resigned her position, and
Miss Murton was appointed as her successor. At the close of the school-year, Miss Murton
was transferred to another school, and Mr. Ross appointed to take her place.
" When the school opened last August, it was found, as I anticipated, that the number
of pupils belonging to the fourth division was too large to be under the charge of only one
teacher; so, in about two months after, the trustees appointed an additional teacher (Mr.
Stephenson) for that division; but as no additional accommodation was provided, both
teachers, with their classes, had to occupy the same room, and the consequence was that
neither good order nor good discipline prevailed therein during the year.
" The Board of Trustees has rented the Baptist Chapel for next year, to be used as a
school-room for the second division, under Miss Lawson.
" What is really needed, in order to meet the educational requirements of Victoria West,
is the erection of a substantial and commodious building similar to the South Ward School.
" I have, etc.,
" Thos. Nicholson,
'S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
"Superintendent of Education."
James Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Julia M. Bradley, until December 31st, 1893; Leonard Tait, until June
30th, 1894.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Caroline C. Christie, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ida M. Carmichael, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $30 per month.
Examined, December 14th, 1893.
June 13th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 225.
Average monthly attendance, 173.
Average actual daily attendance, 149.47.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1894, Alice Cronk, a pupil of this school, having
obtained first rank at competitive examination of the pupils of the Ward Schools, won the
prize, semi-annually donated by Colonel  the Hon. James Baker, Minister of Education.
Hillside Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Annie J. Monro, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Sarah J. Murton, until December 31st,   1893; Miss Edith Jesse, until
June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Edith Jesse, until December, 31st, 1893; Miss Frances G. Walker, until
June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $30 per month.
Examined, December 14th, 1893.
June 13th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 235.
Average monthly attendance, 174.
Average actual daily attendance, 148.81, 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 225
Rock Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Lucretia Horton, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Pauline Frank, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $30 per month.
Examined, December 14th, 1893.
June 13th, 1894..
Enrolled during the year, 98.
Average monthly attendance, 83.
Average actual daily attendance, 71.
Spring Ridge Ward School.
Teacher, Richard J. Hawkey.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor,  Miss Frances A. Smith,  until  December 31st,  1893; Miss Lizzie M. Speers,
until June 30th, 1894; present Monitor, Miss Eliza J. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Lizzie M. Speers, until December 31st, 1893 ; Miss Flora C. Fraser, until
June 30th, 1894; present Monitor, Miss Isabel M. F. Barron.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Flora C. Fraser, until December 31st, 1893 ;   Miss Isabel M. F. Barron,
until June 30th, 1894; present Monitor, Miss Ida Carmichael.
Salary, $30 per month.
Examined, December 14th, 1893.
June 13th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 242.
Average monthly attendance, 183.
Average actual daily attendance, 155.37.
At the Christmas Examination, 1893, May Musson, a pupil of this school, having
obtained first rank at examination of pupils of the Ward Schools, won the prize semi-annually
donated by Colonel the Hon. James Baker, Minister of Education.
Wellington.
Principal, John L. McKay.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Jennie Ramsay.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd   Assistant,   Miss  Frances G.   Walker,   until   September   30th,   1893 ; present   2nd
Assistant, Miss Margaret M. Burns.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant,  Miss Margaret M.   Burns, until  September   30th,   1893;   present   3rd
Assistant, Miss Lilias M. Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 12th, 1893; present, 113 boys, 89 girls; total, 202.
February 4th, 1894, present, 106 boys, 102 girls; total, 208.
June 8th, 1894; present, 111 boys, 102 girls; total, 213.
Enrolled during the year, 186 boys, 178 girls; total, 364.
Average monthly attendance, 258.
Average actual daily attendance, 201.43,
Expenditure, $3,150, 226 Public Schools Report. 1894
At the semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on December 4th and 5th, 1893, Master
George Leighton, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
At the semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Master
Frederick C. Fisher, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a
High School.
Report of the Principal.
"Wellington, July 3rd, 1894.
" Sir,—I beg to report as follows on the condition and progress of the Wellington Public
School, for the year just ended.
"The total enrolment for the year was 364, and the average actual attendance 201.43, being
an increase of 72 and 46.29 respectively over the previous year. The percentage of regular
attendance, 55.33, also shows an advance in the right direction, which tends to show that the
population of the district is growing more stable.
" Few cases of truancy have occurred during the year, but tardiness is an evil which
requires further attention.
"Temporary promotions were made in October, 1893, to relieve the 4th Division, and
this necessitated a complete change in the Limit Table and taking the Third Reader class
into the 1st Division.
" As already reported, no promotions were made in June, except from 2nd to 1st Division,
pending the opening of the 5th Division, which is expected to take place on the opening of
the term, when the commodious two-roomed building now under course of erection will be
completed.
" The grounds, fences, etc., are in fair condition, the principal difficulty being on account
of the quantity of small stones on the surface.
' I have, etc.,
" J. L. McKay,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
"Superintendent of Education, Victoria." 58 Vict.                                    Public Schools Report.                                           227
0.
Special Reports on Rural Schools.
Abbotsford.
Teacher, Miss Eliza J. Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1893; present, 5 boys, 5 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 18 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.60.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
33
25
34
15.85
12.66
14.60
|10 30
25 60
18 82
$21 45
50 55
43 83
1892-93	
1893-94	
Aberdeen.
Monitor, Miss Alice M. Lewis.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, April 17th, 1894 ; present, 7 boys, 5 girls
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.88.
Expenditure, $332.66.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.84.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance
; total, 12.
, $30.57.
Agassiz.
Teacher, Miss Mary F. Halliday,  until June  30th,
Hughes.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 13 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.14.
Expenditure, $640.
1894 ; prese
at  teacher,
Miss  L.   E. 228
Public Schools Report.
1894
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1890-91 	
20
19
27
22
1891-92	
1893-94	
Average
attendance.
12.11
10.58
11.12
10.14
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
|14 50
31 05
23 70
29 09
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$23 94
55 76
57 55
63 11
Alberni.
Teacher, John Howitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ethel Dunkerley.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 15 girls ; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 35.
Average actual daily attendance, 30.19.
Expenditure, $1,160.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 ..             	
51
55
49
41
44
24.66
25.53
22.97
24.29
30.19
$20 78
18 01
21 44
27 31
26 36
$42 98
1890-91 ..                         	
38 80
1891-92 	
45 75
1892-93 ..                   	
46 10
1893-94	
38 42
Aldergrove.
Teacher, Nicholas R. Hopkins, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Wm. Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st and September 1st, 1893; present, 8 boys, 9 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 19 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.37.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
31
39
27
25
34
Average
attendance.
13.50
13.50
11.06
10.25
12.37
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 64
16 41
22 27
23 60
17 35
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$47 40
47 40
54 36
57 56
47 69 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
229
Aldergrove, South.
Teacher, A. J. Gordon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, A. W. Howison, until February 8th, 1894; Richard J. Trembath, until June 30th,
1894; Miss Dorathea M. Thomson, until October 21st, 1894; present monitor, Alfred Blair.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1893; present, 5 boys, 7 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 18 girls; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.52.
Expenditure, $1,040.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
24
26
43
11.74
13.83
24.52
$19 47
24 61
24 18
$39 81
1892-93 	
46 27
1893-94	
42 41
Anniedale.
Teacher,  Miss Mabel Godson,  until December 31st, 1893 ; Miss Emily Parkinson, until
June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Elizabeth Sayer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 13th, 1894; present, 6 boys, 3 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.23.
Expenditure, $390.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
13
24
8.55
11.23
$14 61
16 25
$22 22
1892-93 (closed)	
1893-94 	
34 72
This school was re-opened in September, 1893, but was closed during the first three
months of 1894. It has, since April of the present year, maintained the required average
attendance. 230
Public Schools Report.
1894
Armstrong.
Teacher, 0. McPherson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 3rd, 1894; present, 11 boys, 9 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.79.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Yea
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
19
25
17.43
16.79
$ 8 52
30 40
$ 9 29
1893-94	
45 26
ASHCROFT.
Teacher, John W. H. King.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 11th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 22 girls ; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.75.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
24
26
31
34
43
Average
attendance.
14,31
14.16
19.75
17.97
25.75
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$29 16
29 23
24 51
22 35
17 67
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$48 91
53 67
38 48
42 29
29 51
B.A.
Atchelitz.
Teacher, Eli J. Campbell, until August 31st, 1894; present teacher, Henry B. Turner,
Salary, 50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1893; present, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 15 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.33.
Expenditure, $640. 58 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                         231
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
25
26
13.72
18.33
$23 60
24 61
$43 00
34 91
1893-94	
Barkerville.
Teacher, William H. Phelps.
Salary, $100 per month.
Inspected, September, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 5 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.67.
Expenditure, $1,420.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
33
26
21
22
19
22.44
22.07
19.48
19.06
13.67
$43 03
54 61
07 61
64 54
74 73
$63 28
64 34
72 89
74 50
103 87
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94	
Beaver.
Teacher, Miss C. Shortreed, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Elsie M. Smith.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1893 ; present, 4 boys, 8 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 13 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.50.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
20
22
12.95
11.50
$15 95
29 09
$24 63
55 65
1893-94	 232
Public Schools Report.
1894
Beaver Point.
Teacher, Miss Katie Furness, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, George Kirkendall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1893 ; present, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 13 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.92.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
■14
18
10
20
25
11.23
13.61
12.07
12.35
11.92
$45 71
35 55
40 00
32 00
25 00
$56 99
1890-91	
47 02
1891-92	
53 02
1892-93	
51 82
1893-94	
53 69
Belmont.
Teacher, Miss Emily Parkinson, until December 31st, 1893; Miss M. E. Moss, until
June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Wm. J. Cunningham.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1893 ; present, 7 boys, 8 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 9 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.42.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster, on June 6th and 7th, 1894,
Miss Phcebe A. Mclnnes, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment,
establishment of the school :—
average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
1891-92 	
36
40
38
22
17.67
19.23
22.80
13.42
$15 00
16 00
16 29
29 09
$30 56
33 28
1892-93 	
27 15
1893-94	
47 69 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
233
Bowen Island.
Teacher, William C. Acheson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 6 girls ; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.60.
Expenditure, $430.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $26.87.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $37.06.
This school was  opened  in  November,   1893,   and has thus far maintained the average
attendance required by Statute.
Brownsville.
Teacher, Miss Ellen Lister, until March 4th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Maud S. Keay.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 21st, 1894; present, 4 boys, 9 girls; total, 13.
Visited, April 18th, 1894; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 10 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.64.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
20
18
24
11.29
10.69
10.64
$15 62
35 55
26 66
$27 68
1892-93	
59 86
1893-94 	
60 15
Burgoyne Bay.
Teacher, Alfred W. Cooke.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1893; present, 10 boys, 12 girls; total, 22.
October 25th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 12 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 17 girls ; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.52.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,   and   cost of  each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
31
30
28
28
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94	
30
Average
attendance.
19.59
17.90
17.70
19.76
24.52
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
SI 9 59
21 33
22 85
25 00
23 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$31 02
35 75
36 15
35 42
28 54 234
Public Schools Report.
1894
BURNABY.
Teacher,  Miss Ethel L.  Le Page,  until March 4th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Ellen
Lister.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 16th, 1894; present, 18 boys, 10 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 17 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.91.
Expenditure, $306.12.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $7.46.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $10.96.
The school in this new district was opened January 22nd, 1894, and has thus far maintained a sood attendance.
Burton (Burton's Prairie).
Teacher, Miss Margaret McGregor, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Carrie
E. Ogle.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 4th, 1894; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 12 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.80.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
39
37
36
32
38
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94  	
Average
attendance.
19.39
20.06
17.09
15.67
15.80
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$16 41
16 69
17 77
20 00
16 84
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$33 00
30 79
37 44
40 84
40 50 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
235
Cache Creek.
Teacher, William R. Ellenwood, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 12th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 5 girls; total, 11.
September 13th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 5 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 7 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.95.
Expenditure, $705.80.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90     	
25
12
20
17
19.81
9.82
13.07
10.95
$54 40
15 00
35 00
41 51
$68 65
1890-91     ...            	
18 32
1891-92 (Closed) 	
1892-93	
53 55
1893-94	
64 45
Cadboro.
Teacher, Angus Galbraith, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Leonard A. Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 20th, 1893; present, 8 boys, 8 girls ; total, 16.
May 9th, 1894; present, 9 boys, 16 girls ; total, 25.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 21 girls; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.26.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Victoria on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Miss Jane Lily
Knight, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
21
25
37
30
36
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94        .
Average
attendance.
12.00
13.78
15.84
15.52
23.26
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$29 29
24 56
17 29
21 33
17 77
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$51 26
44 55
40 40
41 23
27 51 236                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
Camp Slough.
Monitor,   Miss Laura L.  Nickerson, until December 31st, 1893 ; Miss Edith S. DeBou,
until June 30th, 1894; present monitor, Miss Edith M. Lewis.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1893; present, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.80.
Expenditure, $452.90.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
27
24
16.56
13.80
$ 7 40
18 87
$12 07
32 81
1893-94	
Cedar Hill.
Teacher, Robert Landells, B.A., until August  18th
Cogswell, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 15th, 1893; present, 14 boys,
November 21st, 1893; present, 17 boys,
May 11th, 1894; present, 13 boys, 13 gir
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 23 girls; total, 4^
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.04.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendar
past five years :—
1894 ; present teacher,  Oliver H-
L4 girls; total, 28.
10 girls; total, 27.
Is ; total, 26.
!.
ice, and cost of each pupil during the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
41
57
44
54
43
24.09
26.84
17.77
27.72
24.04
$18 53
13 33
17 27
14 07
17 67
$31 54
28 31
42 76
27 41
31 61
1890-91	
1891-92             	
1892-93	
1893-94 	 1
58 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                         237
Cedar, North.
Teacher,  Miss  Anna L.  Stewart,  until  March  6th.   1894;   present   teacher,   John   C.
McGregor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 6th, 1893; present, 12 boys, 14 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 20 girls ; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.65.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
39
43
48
45
42
22.88
21.40
27.88
23.29
25.65
$16 20
14 65
13 33
14 22
15 23
$27 62
29 45
22 95
27 48
24 95
1890-91 	
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94	
Cedar, South.
Teacher, John C. McGregor,  until  March  6th,   1894;   present  teacher,  Miss  Anna L.
Stewart.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 6th, 1893 ; present, 6 boys, 4 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 8 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.51.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination held in Nanaimo on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Masters David
John Thomas and Alexander Stewart, pupils of this school, passed the standard  required for
admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
25
23
23
22
19
14.09
12.50
12.68
11.67
11.51
$24 76
26 95
27 82
29 09
33 68
$43 93
49 58
50 47
54 84
55 60
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893 94	 238
Public Schools Report.
1894
Cheam.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Robertson.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, September 6th, 1893; present, 19 boys, 16 girls; total, 35.
Enrolled during the year, 32 boys, 19 girls; total, 51.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.88.
Expenditure, $645.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
73
59
53
42
51
35.36
26.98
25.31
17.02
26.88
$ 9 59
11 86
13 20
16 66
12 64
$19 76
1890-91 	
25 94
1S91-92                 	
27 65
1892-93	
39 72
1893-94	
23 99
Chemainus.
Teacher, Robert H. Allan
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 5th, 1894; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 11 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.26.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90   	
21
21
18
16
22
11.34
11.26
11.22
10.97
11.26
$28 09
29 30
35 55
40 00
29 09
$52 02
1890-91             	
54 66
1891-92                             	
57 04
1892-93                                         	
58 34
1893-94	
56 83 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
239
Chemainus Landing.
Teacher, Robert Telford, until June 30th, 1894.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 5th, 1894 ; present, 6 boys, 3 girls; total 9.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.79.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
19
27
19
20
15.55
14.73
13.06
9.79
$28 94
23 70
33 68
32 00
$35 36
1891-92	
43 44
1892-93	
49 00
1893-94 	
65 37
The school in this district has not thus far been opened during the present school-year.
Chilliwhack (Centreville).
Teacher, William M. Wood.
Salary, $75 j)er month.
Monitor, Miss Ada M. Templer.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 5th and 6th, 1893; present, 27 boys, 29 girls; total, 56.
Enrolled during the year, 63 boys, 52 girls; total, 115.
Average monthly attendance, 73.
Average actual daily attendance, 56.17.
Expenditure, $1,440.
It is very probable that this school will in the near future be made a graded school.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
107
102
123
101
115
53.00
52.96
56.81
56.38
56.17
$11 21
12 94
11 70
14 25
12 52
$22 64
1890-91	
24 92
1891-92 	
25 34
1892-93	
25 54
1893-94	
25 63 240                                           Public Schools Report.                                         1894
Chilliwhack, East.
Teacher,  Miss Clara Noble,  until June 30th,   1894;   present teacher,  Miss Mary E.
Mercer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1893 ; present, 4 boys, 12 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 19 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.97.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
36
43
46
34
22.81
29.27
20.45
15.97
$15 00
14 88
13 91
18 82
$23 67
21 86
31 29
40 07
1891-92 	
1893-94 	
Chilliwhack, South (Chilliwhack).
Teacher, Mrs. J. Templer.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, September 5th, 1893; present, 17 boys, 22 girls; total, 39.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 31 girls; total, 60.
Average monthly attendance, 46.
Average actual daily attendance, 38.58.
Expenditure, $700.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Miss
Mildred Wells, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
The  following is  a  list of  enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
33
38
48
47
60
19.99
26.26
29.02
30.80
38.58
$19 39
18 42
14 58
14 89
11 66
$32 01
26 65
24 12
22 72
18 14
1890-91 ,	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94	 1
58 Vict.                                   Public Schools Report.                                           241
Clayton.
Teacher, David McLennan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1893 ; present, 5 boys, 15 girls ; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 24 girls ; total, 39.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.29.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
23
25
30
39
11.76
12.21
12.50
14.29
$25 65
23 60
21 33
16 41
$50 17
48 32
51 20
44 78
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
Clinton.
Teacher, Miss Adelaide S. Bailey, until June 30th,
September 17th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Eva E. Hai
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 16th, 1893; present, 7 boys, 6
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 11 girls ; total, 3'
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.21.
Expenditure, $745.35.
The following is a list of enrolment, average atten
the past five years :—
894 ; Mrs. Ella B. McLellan, until
rap.
girls ; total, 13.
dance, and cost of each pupil during
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
16
17
22
23
34
10.60
10.62
10.52
10.87
12.21
$47 50
44 70
34 54
33 04
21 92
$71 69
71 56
72 24
69 91
61 04
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94	
' 242
Public Schools Report.
1894
Cloverdale (Clover Valley).
16 boys, 20 girls; total, 36.
61.
Teacher, A. H. P. Matthew.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th and 25th, 1893 ; present,
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 33 girls; total,
Average monthly attendance, 45.
Average actual daily attendance, 36.56.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
37
27
33
49
61
11.28
10.50
16.03
27.52
36.56
$17 29
23 70
19 39
13 06
10 49
$56 73
1890-91	
60 95
1891-92 	
39 92
1892-93	
23 25
1893-94	
17 50
Coldstream.
Teacher, William Sivewright.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 11th, 1894; present, 8 boys, 2 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 5 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.69.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment,   average attendance,   and cost of each pupil since
the establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93	
12
18
19
10.66
10.85
10.69
$15 83
42 22
40 00
$17 82
70 04
1893-94	
71 09 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
243
Colwood.
Teacher, Miss Edith A. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 30th, 1893; present, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
May 17th, 1894; present, 8 boys, 12 girls; total, 20.
Visited, November 1st, 1893; present, 8 boys, 9 girls;  total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 17 girls ; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.38.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is  a list  of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
31
23
24
32
32
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93
1893-94	
Average
attendance.
12.47
12.94
10.44
11.63
15.38
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 64
27 23
26 66
20 00
20 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$51 32
48 40
61 30
55 03
41 61
Comox (Comox, South).
Teacher,  R.  H.  Carscadden,  until January 11th,  1894; present teacher, Miss Isabel
Cathcart.
Salary, $55 per month.
Visited, March 7th, 1894; present, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Inspected, March 8th, 1894; present, 13 boys, 11 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 13 girls ; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.95.
Expenditure, $652.72.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil  during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
35
34
36
29
31
Average
attendance.
24.28
20.17
21.33
16.26
17.95
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$18 28
20 58
19 44
12 76
21 05
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
|26 35
34 70
32 81
22 75
36 36 244                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
Courtenay (Comox, North).
Teacher,  Fenwick  W.  Robbins,  until June 30th,   1894; present teacher, Miss Annie
McLennan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Examined, March 8th and 10th, 1894; present, 16 boys, 14 girls; total, 30.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 20 girls; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.47.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
60
63
46
35
42
27.81
34.17
21.02
19.72
23.47
$10 66
11 11
16 52
21 71
18 09
$23 01
20 48
36 15
38 54
32 38
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
Cowichan, South.
Teacher, Miss Mary C. Mclntyre.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 8th, 1894; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.99.
Expenditure, $511.95.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
25
15
12
12
12
10.23
10.80
10.52
10.59
10.99
$25 60
41 39
32 50
53 33
42 66
$62 56
57 49
37 07
60 43
46 58
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94 	 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
245
total, 35.
27.
Craigflower.
Teacher, Samuel Shepherd.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 16th, 1893; present, 16 boys, 19 girls
May 8th, 1894; present, 12 boys, 15 girls; total,
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 29 girls ; total, 52.
Average monthly attendance, 39.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.40.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
40
44
45
49
52
24.18
20.01
23.64
26.51
29.40
$19 00
17 27
16 88
14 28
14 61
$31 43
1890-91    	
37 98
1892-93	
32 14
26 40
1893-94	
25 85
Denman   Island.
Teacher, Miss Mabel W. Smith, until June  30th, 1894 ;   present  teacher,  Eenwick  W.
Robbins.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 12 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.89.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
19
21
22
19
20
12.86
13.11
10.87
10.43
11.89
$33 68
30 47
26 81
33 68
32 00
$49 76
1890-91    	
48 81
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94	
54 27
61 36
53 82 246
Public Schools Report.
1894
Departure  Bay.
Teacher, Miss Catherine J. Thomas, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Mrs.  L.  B.
Mackenzie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 11th, 1893; present, 12 boys, 13 girls; total, 25.
March 5th, 1894; present, 15 boys, 11 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 23 girls ; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.87.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
46
48
40
48
48
18.95
17.70
21.48
25.36
22.87
$13 91
11 42
17 25
13 33
13 33
$33 77
1890-91	
30 97
1891-92 	
32 12
1892-93	
25 23
1893-94	
27 98
Donald.
Teacher, Miss M. K. Smith, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Samuel Moore, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, March 28th, 1894; present, 12 boys, 6 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 18 girls ; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.45.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
28
25
28
34
37
11.01
14.74
13.17
16.56
21.45
$30 38
30 40
27 14
21 83
20 54
$77 26
1890-91	
51 56
1891-92 	
57 70
44 83
1893-94 	
35 43 58 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                         247
Ducks.
Teacher, Miss Jessie  McQueen,  until June  30th,  1894;   present teacher,  Miss Emily
Beattie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 13th, 1894; present, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
Average monthly attendance, 8.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.83.
Expenditure, $510.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
ei3ch pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
16
8
10.43
7.83
$21 66
63 75
$33 22
65 13
1893-94 	
Provision has been made in the Estimates for the maintenance  of two  schools  in this
district, one under the charge of a teacher, and the other under an assistant.
The school at Campbell's Creek has been in operation since September,  1892, with  an
interruption of a few months.
A school-house having been erected during the present year at  Ducks Station,  authority
has been given to open the school.
DuNAOH.
Teacher, Matthew Beattie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 17th, 1894; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 10 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.17.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
26
28
25
18.48
14.17
15.17
$15 00
22 85
25 60
$21 10
45 16
42 18
1892-93 	
1893-94 	 248                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1.894
Duncan.
Teacher, Mrs. E. B. McLellan, until November 30th, 1893; Miss Emily F. Roberts, until
December 31st, 1893 ; present teacher, Jonathan G. Hands.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, March 7th and 8th, 1894; present, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
Visited, June 28th, 1894 ; present, 13 boys, 11 girls ; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 26 girls ; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.32.
Expenditure, $615.80.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
40
41
44
23.01
22.17
26.32
$14 75
15 61
13 99
$25 64
28 86
23 39
1892-93	
1893-94 ,	
Enderby.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Caldwell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, March 30th, 1894; present, 11 boys, 8 gi
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 21 girls ; total, iL
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.94.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attenda
the past five years :—
rls; total, 19.
t.
nee, and cost of each pupil during
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
27
34
33
36
44
15.45
20.28
20.02
17.82
18.94
$28 14
22 35
23 03
20 09
17 27
$42 71
37 47
37 96
40 58
40 12
1890-91	
1891-92   	
1892-93	
1893-94 	 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
249
English.
Teacher, I. N. Mathers,  until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Annie Ketcheson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 20th, 1894 ; present, 8 boys, 3 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.89.
Expenditure, $471.66.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
31
21
33
11
18
13.38
9.97
10.16
7.87
11.89
$16 83
18 25
17 87
21 81
26 20
$38 99
1890-91 	
38 44
1891-92	
58 07
1892-93 ..                     	
30 49
1893-94 	
39 66
Esquimalt.
Teacher, Miss Jessie Kirkendall.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, November 16th, 1893 ; present, 14 boys, 17 girls; total, 31.
February 28th, 1894 ; present, 20 boys, 18 girls; total, 38.
May 8th, 1894 ; present, 12 boys, 16 girls; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 24 girls ; total, 50.
Average monthly attendance, 41.
Average actual daily attendance, 34.24.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment,
the past five years :—
average attendance,   and cost of each pupil during
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
42
59
48
42
50
23.99
37.27
26.92
27.53
34.24
$20 95
14 91
18 33
20 95
26 20
$36 68
1890-91 	
23 61
1891-92 	
32 68
31 96
1893-94	
39 66 25(3
Public Schools Report.
1894
Fairfield.
Teacher, Miss Eliza Emsly, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Isabella Lyons.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 5 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 8 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.83.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
20
23
12.10
11.83
$16 66
27 82
$27 54
1893-94 	
54 09
Ferndale.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Trembath, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Margaret
Abercrombie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 5th, 1894; present, 10 boys, 5 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 7 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.34.
Expenditure, $440.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $23.15.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $35.65.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in November, 1893, and has thus
far maintained the average attendance demanded by Statute.
Field.
Teacher, Miss Evelyn Frank.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.41.
Expenditure, $592.
Cost of eaeh pupil on enrolment, $49.33.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance,
This school was opened September 25th, 1893.
39.
It is to be hoped that the attendance during the present year will show an increase over
that for the past year. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
251
Gabriola, North.
Teacher, Miss Jean Armstrong.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 6th, 1894 ; present, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.25.
Expenditure, $540.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $30.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $40.75.
The   school  of  this  district,  which was  closed  in December,
September, 1893.
The attendance is thus far satisfactory.
1889, was re-opened  in
total, 14.
Gabriola, South.
Teacher, Michael McKinnon, M.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 16th, 1894; present, 11 boys, 3 girls:
Enrolled during the year, 16 girls, 5 boys ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.40.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
24
27
23
25
21
Average
attendance.
14.05
12.94
13.37
14.55
13.40
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$26 66
23 70
27 82
25 60
30 47
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$4.5 55
49 45
47 86
43 98
47 76
Galiano.
Teacher, Domitian Gallant.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 23rd, 1893; present, 11 boys, 6 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 6 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.33.
Expenditure, $640.
Owing to the removal of one or two families, the Trustees deem it advisable to close the
the school at the end of the present month, and to re-open it in March, 1895. 252
Public Schools Report.
1894
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
20
18
12.30
14.33
$22 00
35 55
$35 77
1893-94	
44 66
Genoa.
Monitor, Miss Emily F. Roberts, until October 31st, 1893.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 2 boys, 6 girls; total, 8.
Average monthly attendance, 8.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.19.
Expenditure, $200.
Owing to failure to maintain the average daily attendance required by the School Act,
this school was closed on October 31st, 1893.    It has not since been re-opened.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
19
19
8
11.10
9.35
7.19
$12 10
25 26
25 00
$20 72
1892-93 -.	
51  33
1893-94 	
27 81
Glenvally.
Teacher, Mrs. A. J. McLennan, until September 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Emily
Parkinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1894; present, 3 boys, 1 girl; total, 4.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 11 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.90.
Expenditure, $317.41.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.87.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $26.67.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in January, 1894.
The average attendance has thus far been satisfactory. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
253
Golden.
Teacher, Miss Mary Lucas, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss S. Preston.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, March 27th, 1894; present, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 22 girls;  total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.22.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
14
19
23
34
35
Average
attendance.
9
24
12.02
11
43
19
12
23
22
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$45 20
40 00
30 43
22 35
21 71
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$68 49
63 22
61 24
39 74
32 73
Gordon Head.
Teacher, Miss A. M. Haldon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 15th, 1893; present, 10 boys, 7 girls; total, 17.
May 11th, 1894 ; present, 11 boys, 8 girls;' total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 11 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.15.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Victoria on December 4th and 5th, 1893, Master
Isaac E. Somers, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891 92 	
22
26
27
15.83
15.63
16.15
$25 13
24 42
23 70
$34 92
40 62
1893-94	
39 62 254
Public Schools Report.
1894
Grand Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Alice Hay.
Salary, $60 per month.
Examined, April 16th and 17th, 1894; present, 11 boys, 10 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 11 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.46.
Expenditure,
At examination, held on April 16th and 17th, 1894, the following pupils of this school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Jessie Sarah Clemitson,
Mary Pringle.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
20
23
24
20
24
15.81
18.26
17.59
14.63
15.46
$38 00
33 04
31 66
36 83
31 66
$48 07
41 62
1890-91 	
1891-92   	
43 20
1892-93 	
50 36
1893-94	
49 15
rirls ; total, 15.
Grantham (Courtenay).
Teacher, James A. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, March 12th and. 13th, 1894 ; present, 8 boys, 7
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.73.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90       	
18
19
22
27
24
10.62
12.26
15.29
15.10
13.73
$35 55
33 68
27 62
23 70
26 66
$60 26
1890-91 .          	
52 20
1891-92 	
39 74
1892-93                                               	
42 38
1893-94   	
46 61 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
255
GULPSIDE.
Teacher, Miss A  Spragge, until December 31st, 1893;   Miss  Laura L.   Nickerson, until
June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Martha S. Miller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 22nd, 1893; present, 10 boys, 5 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.46.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance,
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
27
22
11.60
11.46
$19 13
29 09
$44 54
1893-94 	
55 84
Hall's Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Annie G. Waller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1893 ; present, 3 boys, 6 girls ; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 23 girls ; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.44.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
27
25
25
28
3S
1890-91 	
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94  	
Average
attendance.
11.64
11.03
10.26
10.41
12.44
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$23 70
24 42
24 00
18 47
16 84
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$54 98
55 36
58 47
49 70
51 44 256
Public Schools Report.
1894
Haney.
Teacher, Francis J. McKenzie.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, April 11th, 1894 ; present, 10 boys, 5 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 31 boys, 19 girls ; total, 50.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.23.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years.
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
42
46
46
41
50
1890-91 	
1891-92	
1892-93 	
1893-94 	
Hai
.EWOOD.
Average
attendance.
22.06
22.81
21.80
18.65
20.23
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$15 23
13 91
15 21
15 73
14 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$29 01
28 05
32 11
34 5S
34 60
Teacher, Miss Mabel Bryant.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 10th, 1893 ; present, 15 boys, 17 girls; total, 32.
Visited, December 22nd, 1893 ; school closed on account of illness of teacher.
Enrolled during the year, 35 boys, 39 girls ; total, 74.
Average monthly attendance, 56.
Average actual daily attendance, 47.18.
Expenditure,
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on December 4th and 5th, 1893, Miss
Alice Hilbert and Miss Olive Randle, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for
admission to a High School.
The attendance at this school thus far has been larger than anticipated, and the prospects
are that additional accommodation and an assistant teacher will be required in the near future.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
61
74
37.38
47.18
$8 03
8 64
$13 10
1893-94 	
13 56 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
257
Hernando.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Dyker.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 6 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.50.
Expenditure, $530.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $44.16.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance,  $70.66.
Highland.
Teacher,  Miss Jennie G. Fraser, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Margaret
McDowell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, November 17th, 1893 ; school not in session.
Inspected, May 17th, 1894; present, 5 boys, 5 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.08.
Expenditure, $523.33.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $21.80.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $47.23.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in September, 1893.
Hope.
Teacher, Samuel B. Campbell, until December 31st,  1893 ;   Samuel  Moore,  B.A.,  until
June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, William T. Kinney.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 2nd, 1894; present, 9 boys, 11 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 19 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.85.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
37
31
26
24
34
17.27
16.63
15.76
18.30
18.85
$17 29
20 64
24 61
25 95
18 82
$37 05
38 48
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
40 60
1892-93	
34 03
1893-94	
33 95 258
Public Schools Report.
1894
Hornby.
Teacher, Miss Alice E. Blake, until June 30th,  1894; present teacher, Miss Nellie G.
Wilson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.12.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
20
17
20
14.16
11.33
13.12
$10 11
20 00
29 50
$14 28
1892-93    ..
30 00
1893-94	
44 96
Howe Sound.
Teacher, William A. Graham.
Salary, $50 a month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 14 girls, total 26.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.40.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
23
26
28
26
Average
attendance.
14.77
14.21
16.97
16.40
Cost oi
each pupil on
enrolment.
$13 73
22 01
22 85
24 61
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
821 38
40 28
37 71
39 02 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
259
Junction.
Teacher, Robert D. Irvine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 23rd, 1894 ; present, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 10 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.93.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster on December 4th and 5th, 1893,
Miss Phoebe J. Bond, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
14
23
21
9.87
10.87
11.93
$38 57
25 65
30 47
$54 71
1892-93 	
54 27
1893-94 	
53 64
Kaslo.
Teacher, John J. Miller, B. Sc, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Stella Kane.
Salary, $70 per month.
Examined, August 25th, 1893 ; present, 14 boys, 10 girls ; total, 24.
December 5th and 6th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 35 boys, 27 girls; total, 62.
Average monthly attendance, 35.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.30.
Expenditure, $880.
At examination held December 5th and 6th, 1893, Master Charles W. Ewart, a pupil of
this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :— a
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
46
62
18.94
26.30
$12 60
14 19
$30 62
1893-94	
33 46 260
Public Schools Report.
1894
Kelowna.
Teacher, Daniel W. Sutherland.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 9th, 1894; present, 9 boys, 18 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 23 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.65.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
28
37
22.82
21.65
$12 67
20 54
$15 55
35 10
1893-94 	
Kensington.
Teacher, Miss Mary McDowell,   until June  30th,   1894; present  teacher,   Nicholas R.
Hopkins.
Salary $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1893; present, 8 boys, 9 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.66.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil for the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
16
28
24
28
25
10.81
11.57
11.46
14.12
11.66
$40 00
22 85
26 66
22 85
25 60
$59 20
1890-91 	
55 31
1891-92 	
55 84
1892-93	
45 32
1893-94 	
54 88 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
261
Kettle River.
Teacher, Robert C. Johnston.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 10 girls ;   total 26.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.68.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
19
26
11.75
17.68
$27 36
29 23
$44 25
1893-94 	
42 98
Ladner.
Teacher, Miss Alice V. Harrison.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, August 22nd, 1893 ; school not in session.
Enrolled during the year, 31 boys, 32 girls ; total, 63.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 31.33.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $9.36.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $18.83.
The school in this district was opened in August, 1893. The attendance has been very
satisfactory thus far, and there is good reason for believing that an additional teacher will ere
long be required in this school.
Lake.
Teacher, William Tomlinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 8th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 12 girls ; total, 18.
May 7th, 1894; present, 7 boys, 16"girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 20 girls ; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.04.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,   and  cost of each pupil  during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
33
38
34
47
41
21.95
23.89
22.00
26.49
24,04
$19 39
20 00
22 35
16 17
18 53
$29 15
31 81
34 54
1892-93 	
28 69
1893-94	
31 61 262                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
Langley.
Teacher, John Wright.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1894; present, 15 boys, 12 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 21 girls; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 3L
Average actual daily attendance, 26.10.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
32
32
35
43
44
15.70
15.18
17.04
25.18
26.10
$20 00
20 00
18 28
14 88
14 54
$40 76
42 16
37 55
25 41
24 52
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94 	
Langley, East.
Teacher, Miss Kate M. McKenzie, until June 30th, 1894 ;   present teacher,  William F.
Smeeton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1894; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 15 girls; total 27.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.76.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
16
20
17
26
27
11.18
11.41
10.98
11.06
13.76
$17 98
27 40
29 29
22 69
23 70
$25 73
48 03
45 36
53 34
46 51
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
- 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
263
Lansdowne.
Teacher, Robert J. Armstrong.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 2nd, 1894; present, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 13 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.21.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
23
34
25
14.98
15.60
17.21
$30 43
21 15
30 40
$46 72
1892-93	
46 11
1893-94	
44 16
Lillooet.
Teacher, Mrs A. J. Colbeck.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 14th, 1893 ; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 15 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.93.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
18
29
24
28
34
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
Average
attendance.
8.85
15.32
15.25
16.66
16.93
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$35 55
24 13
31 66
27 14
22 35
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$72 31
45 69
49 83
45 61
44 89 264                                         Public Schools Report.                                        1894
LOCHIEL.
Teacher,  William F.  Smeeton,   until June 30th,  1894;   present teacher,  Richard J.
Trembath.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 30th, 1893 ; present, 5 boys, 6 girls ; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 6 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.41.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
25
22
27
17
12.16
9.52
11.68
11.41
$23 60
24 54
21 85
37 64
$48 51
56 72
50 51
56 09
1891-92	
1892-93
1893-94 	
Lulu.
Teacher, Miss Susie E. Walker.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, April 19th, 1894 ; present, 8 boys, 15 gir
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 28 girls; total, hi
Average monthly attendance, 36.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.57.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attend;
the past five years :—
s ; total, 23.
ince, and cost of each  pupil during
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
28
34
38
54
55
11.71
10.86
20.00
26.16
27.57
$22 85
18 82
16 84
11 85
12 72
$54 65
58 93
32 00
24 46
25 38
1890-91               	
1891-92	
1892-93 	
1893-94           	 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
265
Lytton,
Teacher, Miss Millie Pickard.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 22nd, 1893; present, 11 boys, 7 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 11 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.20.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
27
27
28
23
24
Average
attendance.
16.11
14.42
14.46
11.49
14.20
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$28
14
28
14
27
14
33 04
31
66
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$47 17
52 70
52 55
66 14
53 52
Malahat.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Wolfenden.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 9th, 1894 ; present, 8 boys, 7 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 10 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.02.
Expenditure, $440.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $23.15.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $29.29.
This school, which was opened in November, 1893, has thus far maintained a very good
percentage of average attendance.
Maple Bay.
Teacher, Miss Sarah B. Truswell, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher,
Had wen.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 6th, 1894 ; present, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 11 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.20.
Expenditure,
Miss M. A. 266                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pnpil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
23
23
20
18
21
11.11
10.31
10.72
10.40
11.20
$27 82
27 82
32 00
35 55
30 47
$57 60
62 07
59 70
61 53
57 14
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94    ,	
Maple Ridge.
Teacher, Paul Murray.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1893; present, 19 boys, 11 girls, total, 30.
April 12th, 1894; present, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 32 boys, 27 girls ; total, 59.
Average monthly attendance, 43.
Average actual daily attendance, 34.62.
Expenditure, $880.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Miss
Lizzie H. Armstrong, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average  attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
57
60
46
46
59
31.39
29.90
27.86
27.50
34.62
$15 44
14 66
19 13
19 13
14 91
$28 03
29 43
31 58
32 00
25 41
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
Maria Slough.
Teacher, Miss Louise Harris.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 7 girls; total, 14.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.60.
Expenditure, $248.92.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $17.78.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendant
The school in this locality was  opened  in February
until June 30th, 1894.
The Trustees have not deemed it advisable thus far
re-open the school.
i, $23.48.
, 1894, and
during the
continued  i
present scl
n  operation
tool year to 58 Vicf.                                 Public Schools Report.                                         267
Mayne Island.
Teacher, James W. Sinclair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 23rd, 1893: present, 5 boys, 12 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 16 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.89.
Expenditure, $640.
The school-house recently erected in  this district  affords  ample accommodation for the
pupils of  this  school,   and  its  appearance is that of which the settlers of the island should
feel proud.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 ..:	
23
20
28
23
25
14.95
10.88
13.33
12.90
17.89
$30 43
18 05
22 85
22 28
24 60
$46 82
33 19
48 01
39 73
35 77
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94	
Metchosin.
Teacher, Dawson H. Elliott.
Salary $50 per month.
Inspected, October 30th, 1893; present, 7 boys, 2 girls; total 9.
Visited, November 1st, 1893; present, 10 boys, 1 girl; total, 11.
Examined May 30th and June 1st, 1894; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 7 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.27.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination held  on  May  30th  and June   1st,   1894, Masters Christian Alexander
Helgeson and Charles Whitlaw, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
19
17
18
19
21
10.69
11.65
11.40
10.86
12.27
$33 68
32 02
31 07
33 68
30 47
$59 87
46 72
49 06
58 91
52 15
1890-91 	
1891-92	
1892-93	
1893-94	 268                                         Public Schools Report.                                        1894
Mission.
Teacher, John D. Cillis.
Salary, $65 per month.
Monitor, John P. Cade, until December 31st, 1893; present monitor, Miss M. Ackerman.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, April 5th and 6th, 1894 ; present, 22 boys, 41 girls; total, 63.
Enrolled during the year, 61 boys, 65 girls ; total, 126.
Average monthly attendance, 77.
Average actual daily attendance, 59.37.
Expenditure, $1,320.
At examination, held on April 5th and 6th,   1894,  the following  pupils  of this  school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Hulet M. Wells,
Laura Tingley,
Marie Murray.
The attendance at this school has so increased that it will be necessary in the near future
to provide additional accommodation.    A  graded school will,  doubtless, be  granted  to this
thriving locality when justified by the attendance.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,   and   cost  of  each  pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
39
62
83
98
126
19.59
26.89
46.79
56.05
59.37
$16 41
10 32
11 90
12 85
10 47
$32 67
23 80
21 12
22 48
22 23
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893 94	
Moodyville.
Teacher,  Miss  Annie  Ketcheson,  until  December  31st,   1893; Miss Clara C.Warren,
until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Edith M. Macfarlane.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, October 13th, 1893; present, 13 boys, 7 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 12 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.07.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
34
36
44
37
37
16.63
20.18
21.92
22.41
21.07
$20 59
19 44
15 90
18 91
18 91
$42 09
34 68
31 93
31 25
33 22
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93 77 	
1893-94 	 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
269
Mountain.
Teacher, Alfred J. Pearsall.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Kate C. Smith, until December 31st, 1893 ; present monitor, Miss Emily
F. Roberts.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 11th, 1893 ; present, 29 boys, 22 girls; total, 51.
February 6th, 1894; present, 25 boys, 18 girls; total, 43.
Enrolled during the year, 57 boys, 58 girls ; total, 115.
Average monthly attendance, 72.
Average actual daily attendance, 52.96.
Expenditure, $1,214.19.
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Master
Vyvyan Hugh Walkem, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
81
187
146
98
115
39.36
57.67
51.11
45.08
52.96
$ 7 90
4 09
8 76
13 16
10 55
$16 26
1890-91 	
13 26
1891-92 	
25 04
1892-93 	
28 61
1893-94 	
22 92
Mount  Lehman.
Teacher, John D. McLean.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, April 9th and 10th, 1894 ; present, 10 boys, 13 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 20 girls; total, 39.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.63.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination, held on April 9th and 10th, 1894, the following pupils of this school
obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School :—
John McCallum,
Jennie Sweeney.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
33
34
44
37
39
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93 	
1893-94    	
Average
attendance.
15.35
20.05
20.49
20.86
22.63
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$19 39
18 82
14 54
17 29
16 41
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
|41 69
31 92
31 23
30 68
28 28 270
Public Schools Report.
1894
Mud Bay.
Teacher, Thomas Leith, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, John A. Tolmie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1893 ; present, 6 boys, 10 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 19 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.07.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
31
39
33
35
35
11.33
12.79
15.60
14.21
13.07
$18 92
15 12
19 39
18 28
18 28
$51 77
1890-91 	
46 13
1891-92	
41 02
1892-93	
45 03
1893-94	
48 96
good.
Nakusp.
Teacher, Miss Eleanor B. Caldwell.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 8 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.64.
Expenditure, $490.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $28.82.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $35.92.
This school was opened in November, 1893.    The  prospects  of increased attendance are
Nanaimo, North.
Teacher, Miss Alice L. Johnston.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 10th, 1893; present, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 18 girls ; total, 39.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.76.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Miss Lucy
Gibson, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
37
39
20.78
22.76
$14 59
16 41
$25 98
1893-94 	
28 11 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
271
Nelson.
Teacher, Miss Stella Kane, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Nellie Delmage.
Salary, $70 per month.
Examined, August 22nd, 1893 ; present, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 35 boys, 22 girls ; total, 57.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.19.
Expenditure, $880.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92       	
37
43
57
15.75
19. OS
27.19
$15 67
20 23
15 43
$36 82
45 59
1892-93 	
1893-94	
32 36
Nicola.
Teacher, Samuel Moore, B.A, until December 31st,  1893; present teacher, Samuel B.
Campbell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 19th and 20th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.96.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
26
28
25
23
26
17.59
19.50
15.63
12.95
13.96
$29 23
27 14
29 08
33 04
29 23
$43 20
38 97
1890-91	
1891-92   	
46 51
] 892-93	
58 68
1893-94	
54 44 272
Public Schools Report.
1894
7 girls
total, 13.
Nicola Valley.
Teacher, Hiram H. Schuyler, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 19th and 20th, 1893; present, 6 boys,
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 11 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.52.
Expenditure, $665.03.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost  of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889 90	
20
17
18
28
22
10.22
10.22
12.33
10.41
10.52
$38 00
42 35
41 18
27 14
30 22
$74 36
1890-91 	
70 45
1891-92 	
60 11
1893-94	
73 00
63 21
Nicomin.
Teacher, Timothy W. Shine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 3rd, 1894 ; present, 3 girls; total, 3.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 13 girls ; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.87.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1890-91	
25
34
28
33
1891-92 	
1892-93
1893-94             	
Average
attendance.
10.44
15.48
11.69
14.87
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 00
17 35
22 85
19 39
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$40 70
38 11
54 74
43 03 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
273
Nicomin, North.
Teacher, Norman McLeod.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 3rd, 1894 ; present, 4 boys, 6 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.03.
Expenditure, $490.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $19.60.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $44.42.
This school was opened in  October, 1893.    The percentage of average attendance has
not been as large as would have been expected from the enrolment.
North Arm.
Teacher, Miss Amy Rhodes.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 20th, 1894; present, 4 boys, 8 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 19 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.64.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Vancouver on June 6th and 7th, 1894, Miss Frena
B. Daniels, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
23
25
21
26
28
1890-91	
1891-92 ,	
1892-93 	
1893-94  	
Average
attendance.
11.40
13.50
12.27
10.26
10.64
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$26 71
25 60
22 33
26 54
22 85
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$53 90
47 40
38 22
67 25
60 15 274
Public Schools Report.
1894
North Thompson.
Teacher, Archibald D. McLennan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 18th, 1894 ; present, 9 boys, 1 girl; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 2 girls ; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.25.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
24
26
25
21
15
Average
attendance.
12.80
11.03
11.02
10.35
10.25
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$31 12
29 23
30 40
35 41
50 66
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$58 35
68 90
68 96
71 85
74 14
Okanagan.
Teacher, Frederick J. Watson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1894 ; present, 10 boys,  10 girls ; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 13 girls; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.76.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
25
26
23
33
30
Average
attendance.
11.23
10.90
12.26
14.09
15.76
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$30 19
29 23
33 04
23 04
25 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$67 21
69 72
61 99
53 93
48 22 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
275
Otter.
Teacher, William McDonagh, until August 31st, 1894; present teacher, Robert Brechin.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 29th and 30th, 1893 ; present, 9 boys, 4 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 8 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.83.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil  since the
establishment of the school :- —
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
24
29
26
29
22
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94 	
Average
attendance.
10.90
10.61
11.95
13.55
13.83
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$24 58
19 17
23 12
22 06
29 09
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$54 12
52 41
50 31
47 23
46 27
Oyster.
Teacher, George Kirkendall, until June 30th, 1894 ;   Robert Telford, until August 31st,
1894; present teacher, Miss Lizzie Kirkendall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 5th, 1894; present, 7 boys, 4 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.06.
Expenditure, $640.
The  following is  a list of  enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
17
16
15
13
12
Average
attendance.
13.37
12.44
10.41
10.40
10.06
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$37 64
39 00
41 80
49 23
53 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$47 86
50 17
60 23
61 53
63 61 276
Public Schools Report.
1894
Oyster, North.
Teacher, Miss Marjorie Sloan.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 6 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.84.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
18
20
18
10.46
11.14
13.84
$13 33
32 00
35 55
$22 94
1892-93	
57 45
1893-94 	
46 24
Pavilion.
Teacher, Miss Harriett  Young, until  June 30th, 1894 ;   present teacher,   Miss  May  I.
Magee.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 15th, 1893; present, 2 boys, 6 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 4 boys, 9 girls ; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.16.
Expenditure, $640.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $49.23.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $62.99.
This school was opened in September, 1893, and has thus far maintained a satisfactory
attendance.
Port Kells.
Teacher, Miss Elizabeth Sayer, until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Mary E. Norris.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 12th, 1894; present, 10 boys, 6 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls; total, 22,
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.37.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil  since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
21
25
22
Average
attendance.
10.96
9.53
12.37
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$28 09
25 60
26 81
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$53 83
67 15
47 69 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
277
Port Moody.
Teacher, John D. Buchanan, until December 31st, 1893 ; Douglas M. Hunter, until June
30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Thomas Leith.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, February 23rd, 1894; present, 18 boys, 5 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 10 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.85.
Expenditure, $675.16
list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
The following is
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
48
47
47
38
37
Average
attendance.
23.58
23.04
23.25
18.27
17.85
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$14 58
14 89
14 89
18 42
18 24
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$29 68
30 38
30 10
38 31
37 82
Prairie.
Teacher, Robert J. Plaxton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1893 ; present, 13 boys, 20 girls; total, 33.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 32 girls ; total, 55.
Average monthly attendance, 38.
Average actual daily attendance, 31.31.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster on June 6th and 7th, 1894,
Miss Elsie Dora Plaxton, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
35
43
46
47
55
15.52
18.03
22.51
28.19
31.31
$18 23
14 88
13 91
13 61
11 63
$41  13
1890-91 	
35 49
1891-92	
28 43
22 70
1893-94 	
20 44 278
Public Schools Report.
1894
Prospect.
Teacher, Miss Sara Williams.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 8th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 1 girl; total, 9.
May 7th, 1894; present, 5 boys, 1 girl; total, 6.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 7 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.32.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $26.81.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, 52.12.
At examination, held at West Saanich  on May 7th and 8th, 1894, Miss Elizabeth Lilian
Brooks, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The school in this district was opened in August, 1893.    The percentage of average
attendance is not as large as is desirable.
Puntledge.
Teacher, John B. Bennett.
Salary, $60 per month.
Examined, March 10th and 12th, 1894; present, 16 boys, 19 girls; total, 35.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 25 girls ; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 31.34.
Expenditure, $760.
At examination, held on March 10th and 12th, 1894, Miss Mary Olivia Dingwall and
Master Thomas Parkin, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
52
48
45
25.16
29.80
31.34
$11 34
14 58
16 88
$23 44
1892-93	
23 48
1893-94           	
24 25 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
279
QUAMICHAN.
Teacher, Miss Annie Robotham.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, March 7th and 8th, 1894; present, 2 boys, 8 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 19 girls ; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.48.
Expenditure, $640.
The following
past five years :—
is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
28
38
28
20
32
15.21
16.99
14.51
11.88
12.48
$22 85
16 84
22 85
24 61
20 00
$42 07
1890-91	
37 66
1891-92 	
44 10
1892-93	
53 87
1893-94 	
51 28
Quesnelle.
Teacher,  John  A.   Fraser,   until   December   31st,   1893 ;   present   teacher,   Frank   E.
Morrison.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, September, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 11 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.29.
Expenditure, $880.
The following is a list of enrolment, average  attendance, and  cost  of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
18
18
25
23
23
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94        .
Average
attendance.
12.10
10.02
11.33
12.09
15.29
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$48 88
48 88
33 48
38 26
38 26
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$72 72
87 82
73 88
72 78
57 55 280                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
Revelstoke.
Teacher, Frederick W. Laing, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, March 29th, 1891; present, 11 boys, 16 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 33 girls; total, 56.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.44.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and  cost  of  each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Co^t of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
44
38
44
51
56
18.08
16.07
18.76
22.40
25.44
$15 64
18 42
17 27
13 50
13 57
$38 07
1890-91	
43 55
1891-92   	
40 51
1892-93	
1893-94	
30 75
29 87
ilst,  1893 ; present teacher, James
resent, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
boys, 4 girls ; total, 10.
lance, and cost of each pupil during
Rocky Point.
Teacher, Miss Mary G. Dobeson, until December ;
Sutherland.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 30th and November 1st, 1893 ; p
May 30th and June 1st, 1894; present, 6
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.84.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average atten
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
21
17
13
13
12
12.34
11.99
10.83
10.80
10.84
$30 47
37 64
49 23
49 23
53 33
$51 86
1890-91 	
53 37
1891-92	
59 09
1892-93 	
59 26
1893-94 	
59 04
. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
281
Rosedale.
Teacher, William G. Thomson, until March 31st, 1894 ; Miss Mary Babcock, until June
30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Louise Harris.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 10 girls ; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 16 girls ; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.18.
Expenditure, $606.67.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school.
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost oi
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
31
37
38
29
19.03
20.20
17.69
17.18
$17 41
17 29
16 84
20 91
$28 37
1891-92 	
31 68
1892-93               	
36 17
1S93-94	
35 31
Round Prairie.
Teacher, Henry A. Fraser.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 2nd, 1894; present, 10 boys, 8 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 11 girls ; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.32.
Expenditure, $738.75.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
18
22
29
27
32
Average
attendance.
11.00
11.10
11.44
11.47
17.32
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$42 22
34 54
26 20
28 14
23 08
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$69 09
68 46
66 43
66 25
42 65 282                                         Public Schools Report.                                       1894
Saanich,  North.
Teacher, Oliver H.  Cogswell,  B.A., until June 30th,   1894; present  teacher,   Angus
Galbraith.
Salary, $75 per month.
Inspected, November 9th, 1893 ; present, 10 boys, 10 girls ; total, 20.
Examined, May 8th and 9th, 1894 ; present, 18 boys, 23 girls ; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 32 girls ; total, 59.
Average monthly attendance, 47.
Average actual daily attendance, 35.94.
Expenditure, $940.
At examination, held May 8th and 9th, 1894, Miss Sarah Ann Mills and Master William
Horth, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
61
50
59
53
59
39.46
38.47
38.85
32.91
35.94
$14 42
17 60
14 91
17 73
15 93
$22 30
22 87
22 65
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93 	
28 56
1893-94	
26 15
Saanich, South.
Teacher, George H. Sluggett.
Salary, $75 per month.
Inspected, November 9th, 1893; present, 14 boys, 18 girls; total, 32.
Examined, May 9th and 10th, 1894 ; present, 17 boys, 24 girls ; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 30 girls ; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 36.23.
Expenditure, $940.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
39
52
63
60
48
26.33
32.04
36.86
33.17
36.23
$25 64
16 92
13 96
15 66
19 58
$37 97
27 46
23 87
28 33
25 94
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94 	 o8 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report*.                                         283
Saanich, West.
Teacher, Edmund Caspell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, November 8th, 1893 ; present, 9 boys, 9 girls ; total, 18.
Examined, May 7th and 8th, 1894 ; present, 7 boys, 12 girls ; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 16 girls; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.29.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90                    	
32
24
21
31
30
16.61
17.30
13.91
18.47
18.29
$23 43
31 66
36 19
24 51
25 33
$45 15
43 93
54 63
41 14
41 55
1890-91     ....                      	
1891-92                        	
1892-93	
1893-94	
Sahtlam.
Monitor, Miss Margaret McDowell, until June 30th,
C. Warren.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, March 6th, 1894; present, 3 boys, 4 girls
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 5 girls ; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.19.
Expenditure, $480.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attends
establishment of the school:—
1894 ;   present monitor, Miss Clara
; total, 7.
,nce, and cost of each pupil since the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
10
9
11
11
6.37
7.23
6.07
7.19
$30 67
40 00
43 63
43 63
$4S 15
49 79
79 09
66 75
1891-92 	
1892-93	
1893-94	 Public Schools Report.
1894
Salmon Arm.
Teacher, Joseph Irwin.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 19 girls ; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.45.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
18
25
31
40
10.59
17.99
21.08
24.45
$36 66
30 40
24 51
19 00
$62 32
42 24
36 05
31 08
1891-92 	
1893-94 	
Sea
Island.
Teacher,   Miss  Ellen C.Bennett,  until June  30th,   1894;   present  teacher,   Heber B.
Barton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 20th, 1894; present, 10 boys, 7 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 30 boys, 18 girls ; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, £0.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.50.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
22
31
40
48
12.23
12.58
20.94
19.50
$18 78
20 64
14 72
12 29
$33 79
1891-92 	
50 87
1892-93 	
28 12
1893-94	
30 25 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
285
Serpentine. .
Teacher, Miss  Martha  S.   Miller,   until  June  30th,   1894;   present  teacher,  James D.
Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 13th, 1894; present, 3 boys, 8 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 13 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.11.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since  the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
23
24
21
13.06
11.88
10.11
$25 65
26 66
30 47
$45 17
1892-93 	
53 87
1893-94	
63 30
Shawnigan.
Teacher, James A. Hoy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 8th, 1894 ; present, 4 boys, 6 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 11 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.90.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
25
27
32
35
26
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93 	
1893-94 	
Average
attendance.
12.18
13.28
15.90
14.92
10.90
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$25
60
23
70
20 00
18
28
24
61
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$52 54
4S 19
40 25
42 89
58 71 286
Public Schools Report.
1894
Shuswap (Shuswap Prairie).
Teacher, Miss Martha McDowell.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 13 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.50.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
1893-94
Enrolment.
23
22
18
20
19
Average
attendance.
12.56
12.66
11.SO
11.86
12.50
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$30 94
34 54
42 22
38 00
40 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$56 65
60 03
64 40
64 08
60 80
SlLVEKDALE.
Teacher, Miss Agnes H. McNutt, until December 31st, 1893 ; John P. Cade, until June
30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Bessie Howard.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 6th, 1894 ; present, 5 boys, 4 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 7 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.87.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
e«ch pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
18
19
10.94
10.87
$27 22
33 68
$44 78
1893-94 ..              	
58 87 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
287
Similkameen.
Teacher, Donald E. McGillivray, until June 30th, 1894 ; present  teacher, Miss Sarah B.
Truswell.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 3 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.01.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance,
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1893-94	
28
18
9.58
10.01
$25 00
42 22
$73 06
75 92
Simpson.
Teacher, Miss Caroline M. Hall.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 13 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.97.
Expenditure, $800.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
24
21
18.41
17.97
$25 66
38 09
$33 46
44 51
1893-94	 288
Public Schools Report.
1894
Somenos.
Teacher, Miss Jeannette Mebius.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 6th, 1894 ; present, 6 boys, 9 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 11 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.56.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on December 4th and 5th, 1893, Master
Norman J. Norcross, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
22
23
25
21
23
11.49
12.32
15.10
13.03
12.56
$29 09
27 82
24 50
30 47
27 82
$55 70
1890-91	
51 94
1891-92 	
40 56
1892-93	
49 11
1893-94 	
50 95
SOOKE.
Teacher, Magnus Henderson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 31st, 1893; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
May 31st, 1894 ; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 9 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.79.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
31
44
30
21
26
19.42
24.02
14.82
11.10
12.79
$30 2S
21 88
21 33
20 95
22 69
$48 34
1890-91   	
40 09
1891-92	
43 18
1892-93	
39 64
1893-94 	
46 12 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
289
Sooke,   East.
Teacher, Annesley A. Woods.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 31st, 1893 ; present, 5 boys, 5 girls ; total, 10.
May 31st, 1894; present, 4 boys, 6 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.25.
Expenditure, $572.25.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891 92 	
15
20
24
9.29
9.97
12.25
$17 88
25 58
23 84
$28 88
51 32
1893-94 	
46 71
SOUTHFIELD.
Teacher, Miss Kate Cairns.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 6th, 1893 ; present, 10 boys, 6 girls; total, 16.
Visited, April 18th, 1894.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 21 girls; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.66.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on December 4th and 5th, 1893, Miss
Mabel Cairns, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
38
40
42
18.55
17.64
20.66
$11 57
16 00
15 23
$23 71
1892-93 	
36 28
1893-94	
30 97 290
Public Schools Report.
1894
Spallumcheen.
Teacher, Miss Harriet Isaac, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss Mary Babcock.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 3rd, 1894 ; present, 6 boys, 5 girls ; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 18 girls ; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.40.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
1889-90 	
1890-91  (Closed)
1891-92  (Closed)
1892-93 	
1893-94	
Enrolment.
16
28
30
Average
attendance.
9.95
11.48
13.40
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$47 50
24 28
25 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$76 38
59 24
56 71
Spence's Bridge.
Teacher, Thomas Clyde.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 21st, 1893; present, 5 boys, 2 girls; total, 7.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 7 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.59.
Expenditnre, $600.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
12
14
13
12
12
8.30
11.16
10.06
7.48
8.50
$50 00 •
39 28
42 69
50 00
50 00
$72 29
1890-91   	
49 28
1891-92 	
55 16
1892-93 	
80 21
1893-94          	
69 84 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
291
Steveston.
Teacher, John Tolmie, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Iluyter S. Sherman.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 19th, 1894 ; present, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 24 girls ; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.21.
Expenditure,
The following is a list  of enrolment,   average attendance, and cost of each pupil since
the establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
33
44
11.70
12.21
$17 87
14 54
$50 04
1893-94 	
52 41
Steawberry Vale.
Teacher, James H. Monk.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 14 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.87.
Expenditure, $340.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $9.18.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $14.86.
The school in this new district was opened in January, 1894.
far been very satisfactory.
The attendance has thus 292
Public Schools Report.
1894
Sumas.
Teacher, Malcolm McLeod.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1893 ; present, 9 boys, 8 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.62.
Expenditure, $700.
During the flood of 1894, the school-house of this district was carried away.    The school
at present is held in a rented room.
The following is a  list  of  enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
34
33
47
26
26
15.70
16.17
20.92
13.87
17.62
$17 84
21  21
14 89
26 92
26 92
$38 64
1890-91 	
43 29
1891-92	
33 46
1892-93 	
50 46
1893-94	
39 72
Sumas, South.
Teacher, L. R. Laffere, B.A
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1893 ; present, 7 boys, 9 girls;  total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 13 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.26.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93 	
19
27
13.46
13.26
$25 79
23 70
$36 40
1893-94 	
48 26 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
293
Surrey Centre.
Teacher, Henri W. Laffere.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1893; present, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 15 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.38.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
26
29
34
15.69
17.99
18.38
$22 69
21 01
18 82
$37 60
1892-93	
33 87
1893-94 	
34 82
TOLMIE.
Teacher, Miss Ada J. Williams, until December 31st, 1893 ; present teacher, Miss Mabel
Godson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Grace Godson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1893 ; present, 35 boys, 32 girls; total, 67.
November 7th, 1893; present, 29 boys, 32 girls; total, 61.
January 25th, 1894; present, 36 boys, 26 girls; total, 62.
May 9th, 1894 ; present, 35 boys, 37 girls ; total, 72.
May 22nd, 1894; present, 39 boys, 40 girls; total, 79.
Enrolled during the year, 60 boys, 63 girls ; total, 123.
Average monthly attendance, 86.
Average actual daily attendance, 70.19.
Expenditure, $1,280.
The attendance at this school increased to such an extent during the past year that it
was found necessary at the beginning of the present school-year to add a monitor to the staff
of teachers.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
27
47
72
99
123
11.82
21.68
29.78
51.33
70.19
$23 70
13 61
8 88
8 88
10 40
$54 14
1890-91 	
29 52
1891-92 	
21 49
1892-93 ..                	
17 14
1893-94 	
18 23  . 294                                           Public Schools Report.                                         1894
Trenant.
Teacher, Alexander Gilchrist.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, August 21st and 22nd, 1893 ; present, 24 boys, 14 girls ; total, 38.
Enrolled during the year, 35 boys, 24 girls ; total, 59.
Average monthly attendance, 38.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.59.
Expenditure, $880.
The opening of Ladner School will doubtless decrease the attendance at this school.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
68
69
68
75
59
32.27
35.02
32.50
41.17
29.59
$10 29
11 01
12 94
11 73
14 91
$21 69
21 70
27 07
21 37
29 73
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1893-94	
Union Mines.
Teacher, Robert Watkin.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Lottie M. Powell.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, March 14th and 15th, 1894; present, 36 boys, 38 girls ; total, 74.
Enrolled during the year, 57 boys, 68 girls ; total, 125.
Average monthly attendance, 92.
Average actual daily attendance, 73.09.
Expenditure, $1,280.
This school has been raised to a Graded School, under a Principal and two Assistants.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
61
76
82
95
125
31.25
38.53
50.62
51.53
73.09
$ 7 87
9 21
13 17
13 05
10 24
$15 36
18 16
21 33
24 06
17 51
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94 	 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
295
Vancouver, South.
Teacher, Albert E. Phoenix.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 20th, 1894; present, 21 boys, 17 girls; total, 38.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 25 girls ; total, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 32.75.
Expenditure, $340.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $6.41.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $10.38.
The school in this new district was opened in January, 1894, and has thus far maintained
a good average attendance.
Vesuvius.
Teacher, Raffles A. R. Purdy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, October 26th and 27th, 1893; present, 13 boys, 5 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 15 girls ; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.97.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination, held on October 26th and 27th, 1893, the following pupils of this school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Dorothy Norton,
Walter Norton,
George Anderson.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
25
38
52
29
35
9.83
24.78
27.61
15.94
16.97
$25 60
18 68
20 25
22 06
18 28
$65 10
1890-91	
28 65
1891-92* 	
38 14
1892-93 	
40 15
1893-94 	
37 71
^Including North Vesuvius. 296
Public Schools Report.
1894
Vesuvius, North.
Teacher, Miss Kate M. McKinnon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 26th and 27th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 10 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 13 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.48.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1892-93	
22
21
12.66
15.48
$29 09
30 47
$50 55
1893-94	
41 34
Waneta.
Teacher, Miss Bella Reith, until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Donald J. Dewar.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 13 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.08.
Expenditure, $624.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $24.96.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $56.31.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in September, 1893.
Westham.
Teacher, Duncan J. Welsh,  until October 17th,  1894;  present teacher,  Miss Linnie
Lewis.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 21st, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 1 girl; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 5 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.17.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
29
27
20
22
18
12.39
13.06
13.98
12.91
11.17
$22 07
21 70
32 00
29 09
35 55
$51 65
1890-91	
44 87
1891-92   	
45 77
1892-93 	
49 57
1893-94	
57 29 58 Vict.
Public SchoolsTReport.
297
White Valley.
Teacher, Thomas A. Norris.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, April 11th, 1894 ; present, 11 boys, 4 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 15 girls; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.66.
Expenditure, $700.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $21.87.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $42.01.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1893,
Whonnock.
Teacher, Henry B. Turner, B.A., until June 30th, 1894 ; present teacher, Miss May E.
Moss.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 6th, 1894 ; present, 6 boys, 5 girls ; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 13 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.80.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90 	
36
28
24
34
26
13.32
11.81
12.02
12.07
11.80
|17 77
22 85
26 66
17 92
24 61
$48 04
1890-91	
54 19
1891-92 	
53 24
1892 93	
50 48
1893-94 ;	
54 23
Yale.
Teacher, Wesley A. Blair.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 23rd, 1893 ; present, 11 boys, 8 girls; total, 19.
Examined, April 19th and 20th, 1894; present, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 11 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.29.
Expenditure,
At examination, held on April 19th and 20th,  1894,  Master William Carl Revsbech, a
pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School. 298
Public Schools Report.
1894
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90	
37
39
31
35
28
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1893-94 	
Average
attendance.
20.74
20.82
18.09
18.35
18.29
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 29
18 99
24 51
21 71
27 14
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$30 85
35 57
42 01
41 41
41 55
York.
Teacher, Thomas Henderson, M.A., until June 30th, 1894; present teacher, Miss Mary
Truswell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1893; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 12 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.24.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1889-90 	
32
28
25
34
28
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892-93 	
1893-94                	
Average
attendance.
13.28
13.68
11.64
15.49
15.24
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 00
22 85
25 00
18 82
22 85
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$48 19
46 78
53 69
41 31
41 99 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 299
SCHOOL DISTRICTS.
The Council  of  Public Instruction has made changes in the boundaries of the following
existing School Districts, and has also created School Districts with limits as herein stated:—
Abbotsford—8th April, 1891.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 32, Township 16, Westminster
District; thence true south to the International Boundary Line; thence east two miles
to the south-east corner of Section 4 ; thence north to the north-east corner of Section 9 ;
thence in a direct line east to the township line ; thence due north to the north-east
corner of Section 36 ; thence true west to the point of commencement.
Belmont—12th June, 1890.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-east corner of Section 36, Township 7, Westminster
District; thence south two miles to the south-east corner of Section ■ 25 ; thence directly
west to the south-west corner of Section 27 ; thence true north to the north-west corner
of Section 34 ; thence in a direct line east to the point of commencement.
Cadboro—7th April, 1885.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 14th April, 1887, and 12th
September, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-east corner of Section 45, Victoria District; thence southwesterly along the eastern boundary of said Section to the south-west corner of Section
44; thence in a direct line to the north-east corner of Section 38; thence in a
southerly direction, in a direct line, to the south-west corner of Section 27 ; thence
easterly following the section lines to the north-west corner of Section 2 ; thence southerly
to the south-west corner of said section ; thence northerly, following the sea-shore, to the
point of commencement.
Clayton—12th June, 1890.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 30, Township 8, Westminster
District; thence due south to the Yale Waggon Road ; thence south-easterly along said
road to the south-east corner of Section 16 ; thence north to the middle'point of the
western boundary line of Section 15; thence directly east one mile; thence due north
one mile to the centre of the eastern boundary line of Section 22 ; thence true east two
miles to the centre of the eastern boundary of Section 24 ; thence due north one and a
half miles to the north-east corner of Section 25 ; thence true west six miles to the point
of commencement.
Deep Creek—27th June, 1894 :
Commencing at the central point of Section 29, Township 35, Osoyoos Division of
Yale District; thence west three and one-half miles ; thence south one mile; thence
westerly following the eastern and northern boundaries of the Indian Reserve to the
south-west corner of Section 31, Township 34 ; thence north to the north-west corner of
Section 18, Township 39 ; thence east to the middle point of the southern boundary line of
Section 20, Township 38 ; thence true south to the point of commencement.
Enderby—8th May, 1888.    Boundaries altered and re-defined  14th  May,  1891, and  27th
June, 1894:
All those portions of Townships 35 and 38, Osoyoos Division of Yale District, not
included in other school districts. 300 Public Schools Report. 1894
Haney—8th May, 1888.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 27th June, 1894 :
Commencing at the middle point of the western boundary line of Section 29, Township 12, New Westminster District; thence due east one and a half miles ; thence north
to the township line; thence east to the north-east corner of Section 36 ; thence in a
direct line south to Fraser River; thence following the shore line of the said river to the
south-west corner of Lot 401 ; thence true north to the point of commencement.
Huntingdon—19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the south-east corner of Section 1, Township 16, Westminster
District; thence due west three miles to the south-west corner of Section 3 ; thence true
north to the north-west corner of Section 10 ; thence in a right line east to the township
line; thence directly south to the point of commencement.
Langley Prairie—19th April, 1894.    Boundaries altered  and re-defined  12th September,
1894:
Commencing at the south-west corner of Section 3, Township 8, Westminster
District; thence due east to the north-east corner of Section 35, Township 7; thence
true north two and a half miles; thence west to the middle point of the western boundary line of Section 15 ; thence in a direct line south to the point of commencement.
Lillooet. South—27th June, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 7, Township 42, New Westminster
District; thence due south to the middle point of the western boundary line of Section
30, Township 12 ; thence true east two and a half miles; thence in a direct line north
three and a half miles; thence due west to the point of commencement.
Maple Ridge—31st July, 1874.    Boundaries altered and re-defined  8th  May, 1888; 12th
June, 1890, and 27th June, 1894 :
Commencing at the middle point of the western boundary line of Section 29, Township 12, New Westminster District; thence west to the township line; thence due north
to the north-east corner of Section 36, Township 9; thence west to the north-west corner
of Section 34 ; thence due south to Fraser River; thence up said river, following the shoreline to the south-west corner of Lot 401, Township 12 ; thence in a direct line north to
the point of commencement.
Nakusp—27th June, 1894 :
All that tract of land contained in Lot 397, Group 1, West Kootenay.
Nanaimo, South—19th April, 1894:
Commencing at the mouth of Chase River, Nanaimo District; thence northerly
along the coast line to the continuation of Robins Street to coast line, being the southern
boundary of the City of Nanaimo ; thence westerly along Nanaimo City boundary to the
intersection of the same with the line of division between Lots 20 and 21 of the Five-acre
Blocks, Ranges 1 to 13 , thence west to the boundary line of Mountain District; thence
south along said boundary line to the north-west corner of the Southfleld School District;
thence east along the northern boundary line of said School District to point of commencement.
Oak Bay—12th September, 1894 :
Commencing at the point at which the eastern limit of Victoria City touches Foul.
Bay; thence following the City Boundary lines to the north-west corner of Section 26,
Victoria District; thence easterly following section lines to the north-west corner of
Section 2 ; thence southerly to the south-west corner of said section ; thence following the
shore-line southerly and westerly to the point of commencement.
Otter Lake—27th June, 1894 :
Commencing at the north-west corner of Section 24, Township 7, Osoyoos Division
of Yale District; thence south to the south-west corner of said section ; thence east to
the township line; thence south along said line to the south-east corner of Section 1 ;
thence due west to the township line ; thence in a direct line north to the south-west
corner of Section 30 ; thence true east to the point of commencement. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 301
Prairie—26th November,   1874.    Boundaries altered and re-defined   18th   August,   1885;
12th June, 1890; 19th April, 1894, and 12th September, 1894:
Commencing at the middle point of the eastern boundary line of Section 21, Township 11, Westminster District; thence true west five miles to the middle point of the
eastern boundary line of Section 22, Township 8 ; thence due south one mile; thence
east to the middle point of the eastern boundary line of Section 14; thence south two
and a half miles to the north-east corner of Section 35, Township 7 ; thence east one and
a half miles; thence north to the centre of Section 6, Township 11 ; thence directly east
to the middle point of the eastern boundary line of Section 4 ; thence due north to the
point of commencement.
Saanich, North—30th August, 1872.    Boundaries altered and re-defined 3rd October, 1873;
27th May, 1880, and 19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the eastern extremity of the line separating Sections 15 and 16,
North Saanich District, being a point on the sea-shore ; thence due west to the East
Road ; thence south following said road to its junction with the northern boundary of
South Saanich District; thence directly west to the sea-shore; thence northerly, easterly,
and southerly, following the shore-line to the point of commencement.
Sidney—19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at the eastern extremity of the line separating Sections 15 and 16,
North Saanich District, being a point on the sea-shore; thence due west to the East Road;
thence south following said road to its junction with northern boundary of South Saanich
District; thence directly east to the sea-shore; thence north following the shore line to
the point of commencement.
Spallumcheen—8th May, 1884. Boundaries altered and re-defined 4th November, 1886 ; 18th
April, 1893, and 27th June, 1894 :
All portions of Townships 4 and 7, Osoyoos Division of Yale District, not included
in any other School District.
Waneta—19th April, 1894 :
Commencing at a point on the west side of the Columbia River at its junction with
the International Boundary Line ; thence west three miles ; thence northerly to a point
three miles west of Columbia River and in line with the mouth of Beaver River; thence
east to the mouth of Beaver River; thence up said river to a point opposite 15-Mile
Creek; thence south following the said 15-Mile Creek to Pend d'Oreille River and crossing
said river to the International Boundary Line ; thence due west to the point of commencement. 302 Public Schools Report. .1894
H
CHAPTER 46.
AN ACT TO AMEND THE "PUBLIC SCHOOL, ACT, 1891," AND
AMENDING ACTS.
ER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the
Province of British Columbia, enacts as follows :—
Short Title.
1. This Act may be cited as the " Public School Act Amendment Act, 1894."
Trustee convicted of criminal offence, becoming insane, or ceasing to reside in district, forfeits
seat.—Meeting for election of successor to be called.
2. Any Trustee who during his Trusteeship is convicted of any criminal offence, or who
becomes insane, or ceases to be an actual resident within the School District of which he is a
Trustee, shall ipso facto forfeit and vacate his seat, and the remaining Trustee or Trustees
shall declare his seat vacant, and forthwith call a special meeting for the election of his
successor.
Act retrospective.
(1.) This section shall apply to a Trustee elected, and to a conviction made, or other cause
of forfeiture matured either before or after the passing of this Act.
3. Section 6 of the "Public School Act Amendment Act, 1893," is hereby amended by
striking out the word " current" in the last line of said section and substituting therefor the
word " past."
4. Section 7 of the "Public School Act, 1891," is hereby amended by inserting the
words " or Collegiate Institute " after the words " High School " wherever they occur in said
section.
Constitutes " The Collegiate Institute Board."
5. The Board of Trustees of each School District wherein a High School or Collegiate
Institute is situate shall, for the purposes of the control and of the management of the affairs
of such High School or Collegiate Institute, be a body corporate and politic, under the name
of " The Collegiate Institute Board."
Empowers any "Collegiate Institute Board" to affiliate with certain Canadian Universities.
6. It shall be lawful for any Collegiate Institute Board to enter into affiliation with any
one or more of the following Canadian Universities, viz.:—The University of Toronto; the
University of Queen's College, Kingston ; the University of McGrill College, Montreal; the
University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, or Dalhousie University, Halifax; which may by
its charter and regulations be authorized to admit such Board into affiliation, and for the
purpose of carrying out any agreement for affiliation there is hereby conferred upon and
granted to each Collegiate Institute Board all necessary powers and authorities.
Explosives not to be stored within 500 yards of school-house.
7. It shall not be lawful for any powder magazine, or store-house or place where powder
or other dangerous explosive substances are kept or stored, to be or to remain within a
distance of five hundred yards from any school-house or place or building used for the
purposes of a school, or where scholars do or may assemble for the purposes of this Act. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 303
Grants certain School Reserves to certain Corporations.
8. The lands in the Schedule hereto formerly set apart as School Reserves, or acquired by
the Crown for School purposes, and situate in the cities of Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, and Nanaimo, respectively, are hereby granted and conveyed to and vested in each
and several the corporations of the cities of Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, and
Nanaimo, in which the same are respectively situate, in trust for school purposes and as
school sites.
Said Lands to be held on Trust and not Alienated.
9. The said lands hereby granted and conveyed to and vested in the said several corporations shall be held by them upon trust as aforesaid, and shall not be conveyed, alienated, or
otherwise disposed of.
Reversion to Grown on failure of performance of certain provisions.
10. The lands hereby conveyed shall revert to the Crown upon failure of the corporations
of said cities, or of the school trustees thereof, to perform the provisions of the said "Public
School Act, 1891," and amending Acts, or to maintain the schools in accordance with the
provisions of the school law for the time being in force.
SCHEDULE.
In the City op Victoria.
1. School Reserve, bounded by School and Yates Streets and Fernwood' Road; and in
part by Fort Street, and private property abutting thereon, as shown on the Victoria City
official map.
2. Lot 33, map 52a, Springfield Estate, Section XXXI., Esquimalt District.
3. Lots 10 and 12, Block H, Harbour Estate.
4. Lots 135 and 136, map 132, Block 10, Hillside Extension of the Work Estate.
5. Lots 25, 26, and 27, subdivisions of Sections 50, 51, 52, 53, 66, and 67, Spring Ridge,
map 205.
6. Lots 932 and 933, Victoria City.
In the City of Vancouver.
District Lots. Block. Lots.
1  196 and 181         74 ,	
2  541      37 1 to 15 inclusive, and 32 to 36 inclusive.
3  185        6 15, 16, 17, and 18.
4  526    350	
In the City of New Westminster.
1. Lots 8, 9, and 10, in the subdivision of Lot 6, in Block 11, suburban.
2. The Public School Reserve, bounded by Queen's and Royal Avenues and  Sixth and
Seventh Streets.
3. Lots 25, 26, 27, and 28, in the subdivision of Lot 4, in the subdivision of Lots 6, 7, 8,
9, 13 and 14 (and 13 of Block I.), in Block II., suburban.
In the City of Nanaimo.
Block. Lots.
1   AA     3	
2   XXII    18, 19, 20, 21, and 22,
-o- 304
Public Schools Report.
1894
TEACHERS' EXAMINATION.
Time and Place of Examination.
1. The examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the Public
Schools shall commence on Wednesday, July 3rd, 1895, at 9 a.m.
2. The examination shall be conducted according to the following schedule :—
Schedule—Teachers' Examination, 1895.
Date.
July 3, Wednesday
,, 4, Thursday
,, 5, Friday...
" 6, Saturday.
,, 8, Monday .
,,    9, Tuesday
,,  10, Wednesday.
,, 11, Thursday ..
„ 12, Friday 	
,, 13, Saturday. ..
,, 15, Monday....
,, 16, Tuesday .. -•
Subject.
British History
Arithmetic	
Education .	
Canadian History ..
Composition	
Mensuration   	
Algebra 	
Geometry 	
Natural Philosophy.
Practical Mathematics .
Latin	
Forenoon.
Oral examination in classics,
&c	
9   to 11.30
9   to 11.30
9 to 11
9 to 11
9 to 11
9 to   11.30
9 to   11.30
9 to  11.30
9 to  11.30
9 to  11.30
9 to  11.30
10 to  	
Subject.
English Grammar ,
* Reading	
Geography	
* Reading	
Writing ....
* Reading
Anatomy, Physiology, & Hygiene
* Reading	
Mental Arithmetic
Spelling	
Book-keeping	
Optional Subjects (2B.;
Optional Subjects (2 A.) .
* Reading	
Optional Subjects (IB.)
English Literature ...
Ancient History...
Greek and French.
Afternoon.
30 to 4
to   5
30 to 4
to   5
30 to 3.30
30 to 5
30 to 3.30
30 to 5
30 to 2.15
30 to 3.30
30 to 3.30
30 to 5.30
30 to 3.30
30 to 5
30 to 3.30
30 to 5.30
1.30 to 3
1.30 to 4
* As many of the candidates examined as time will permit.
3. The examination shall take place simultaneously in Victoria, Vancouver, and
Kamloops.
4. Each candidate for a First Class, Grade A, Certificate is required to undergo the
written and oral examinations in Victoria in the subjects peculiar to that class and grade of
certificate. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. 305
Changes made by the Council of Public Instruction in the Rules and Regulations for the
Government of Public Schools, since the publication of the Manual of the School
Law and School Regulations.
1. Holders of First Class, Grade B, Certificates are no longer entitled to act as assistants
in High Schools.
2. In City Districts, Trustees may at their discretion make the noon recess extend from
12 m. to 1:30 p. m.; but in that case the school shall be continued for an additional half-hour
in the afternoon.
3. Male candidates under 20 years of age, and female candidates under 18 years of age,
are not permitted to undergo examination, for certificates of qualification to teach in the Public
Schools, after July 1st, 1896 ; and each candidate must be of the full age required on or before
the date of the commencement of the examination.
TEACHERS' INSTITUTES.
The annual meeting of the Mainland Teachers' Institute is to be held in New Westminster on January 7th and 8th, 1895.
It is understood that an excellent programme has been prepared, and, as a consequence,
those who do participate in the proceedings must necessarily derive professional knowledge
that will be of value to them in their work.
The officers of the Institute for the present year are as follows :—
Mr. A. C. Stewart President.
Miss A. J. McDougall 1st Vice-President.
Mr. R. G. Gordon   2nd Vice-President.
Miss E. Rogers Treasurer.
Mr. G. W. McRae  Recording Secretary.
Mr. W. B. Burnett, B. A Corresponding Secretary.
In addition to the above officers, the following have been appointed as a Committee of
Management:—
Miss M. Dockrill,
Mr. J. D. Buchanan,
Mr. John Shaw,
Mr. J. H. Kerr, B. A.,
Mr. F. M. Cowperthwaite, B. A.
The Victoria Teachers' Institute holds monthly meetings, at each of which papers on
educational topics are read and discussed.
Without doubt the meetings of this Association have been of valuable professional aid to
all the teachers of the City.
The Secretary reports that the aims of the Institute are : " To increase the efficiency of
teachers, and to advance the city's educational interests."
The following is the list of its officers for the present year :—
Mr. A. B. McNeill President.
Mr. E. B. Paul, M. A Vice-President.
Miss E. G. Lawson Secretary.
The Executive Committee consists of these officers together with—
Miss M. Williams,
Miss A. D. Cameron,
Mr. E. H. Russell, B/A.,
Mr. A. J. Pineo, B. A. 306 Public Schools Report. 1894
It is especially desirable that more attention be given in our schools to the subject of
writing.    This practical study should receive most careful attention.
From reports of the Inspectors as well as from personal observation, greater care on the
part of teachers in dealing with this subject is very desirable.
The vertical system of hand-writing has of late years been adopted in many cities of
Great Britain and Canada, with most favourable results. The principal claims advanced for
upright writing are its legibility, ease of acquirement, and that it is more in accord with
hygienic laws than other systems.
Authority to use the vertical system of writing has been granted, but it is earnestly,
enjoined that each teacher make himself familiar with the system before attempting to give
instruction therein.
We note with pleasure, Honourable Sir, that you have on public occasions urged the
necessity of the establishment of Kindergarten Schools in the leading centres of the Province,
and that you also strongly favour the maintenance of Technical Schools, or Schools of Manual
Training. That these schools would prove to be of incalculable benefit to those taking
advantage of the opportunities afforded therein, there can be no doubt.
NORMAL SCHOOL.
Our schools have increased in number and importance to such an extent as to require an
expansion of the system. The experience of past years has shown that teachers before assuming active duties should be required to have a good general knowledge of the work that
they undertake. In order that this be accomplished, it is necessary that a Normal School be
established for the training of those who are about to engage in the instruction of youth.
In every professional pursuit, special training is a requirement, and particularly should
this be the case with those who have to deal with child-mind.
Only those who have at least some knowledge of Psychology and proper methods of school
management should be granted certificates to teach in our Public Schools.
To place a school in charge of a teacher who possesses no other recommendation than a
certificate is not as a rule doing justice to the pupils who have to attend the school.
Experience has proved that it is a wise economy for any country to give to her teachers
thorough instruction as to methods and general knowledge of school management.
This can only be done by the establishment of a Normal School. Such an institution
under two teachers as a commencement would be of invaluable benefit to the schools of the
Province, as thereby every school under the charge of a trained teacher would receive direct
benefit for every outlay made in this direction.
It is unnecessary to say that teachers at present on the permanent staff should, on
account of experience, be exempt from attendance at this preparatory training school.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. D. Pope,
Superintendent of Education. Public Schools Report. 1894
Canadian History.    (For all Olases and Grades.)
Saturday, July 7th ; 9 a.m. to 11 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Who were the first navigators to reach the coast of North America?
(6.)  What part had John and Sabastian Cabot in the discovery of North America, and
from whom did they receive their charter ?
(c.) When and by whom was Newfoundland first settled ?
2. Describe briefly the French occupation of Canada.
(a.) Who commanded the first expedition ?
(6.) Who was sent out as the first Viceroy ?
(c.) What was the difference between the colonial policy of the French and that of
the British ?
3. (a.) When was Halifax founded, and after whom was it named ?
(b.) When were the Acadians driven out of Nova Scotia, and why ?
(c.) Where did they establish themselves?
4. (a.) What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris, 1763, as far as Canada was concerned?
(b.) What effect had the American War of Independence upon the development of
Canada ?
(a) What was the name given to those who preferred to remain loyal to Great Britain,
and where and in what numbers did they settle in Canada ?
5. (a.) Who first crossed the Continent through what is now Canadian territory?
(b.) When and by whom was British Columbia discovered?
(c.) How did the San Juan difficulty arise, and how was it settled ?
6. State the three main suggestions of Lord Durham's report.
7. (a.) State the steps by which Responsible Government was reached in Canada.
(b.) Name the Governors who contributed most towards  bringing about this development.
8. When was the first Atlantic Cable laid ?    State briefly the incidents in connection with
that event.
9. State the main provisions of the British North America Act.
(a.) How alone may that Act be amended?
(b.) When was it passed, and when did British Columbia come under it?
10.  Into what four periods  may  the  history  of  British  Columbia  be  divided, and  what
important events mark each period ?
English Grammar.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 4th ; 1.30 p. m. to 4 P- w.    Total marks, 200.
1. Define—
(a.) Language, grammar, orthography, etymology, prosody;
(b.) Noun, adjective, verb, preposition, interjection.
2. (a.) Give the three principal divisions of common  nouns,   with  sentences  containing
examples of each.
(b.) "There are three chief ways of forming the plural in English."    Name them,
giving examples of each.
3. Write plurals of—
(a.) Basis, tyro, chimney, virtuoso, miasma.
(b.) Account for the plural form of alms, riches, eaves.
(c.)  Give the rules for formation of plural in compound nouns, 58 Vict. Public Schools Report.
4. (a.) Give examples of three kinds of reflexive pronouns, referring each to its class.
(b.) Name the two functions of relative pronouns.
5. (a.) Give the positive and negative tests which distinguish strong from weak verbs.
(b ) Conjugate the verbs  "to awake"  and  "to sleep" in the  third  person  singular,
active voice.
6. (a.) Write the past tense and past participle of begin, bereave, blow, clothe, heave.
(b.) Distinguish  between  the gerundial infinitive and  the  ordinary  infinitive;   the
gerund in ing and the present participle.    Give examples of each.
7. (a.) Give examples of adverbs classified according to  their  function  and  according  to
their meaning.
(6.)  "Words are known by their functions, not by their inflections."    Explain this.
8. («.) Correct or justify the following sentences :—
This is one of the largest pears that has been grown here.
The rose smells sweet.
Who can this be from ?
The wages of sin is death.
I and John went fishing.
(b.) Point out the affixes (giving their meaning) in the following  words :—Ambition,
circuit, invent, wisdom, friendship.
9. (a.) Parse italicised words :—
Russell was appointed Judge.
Will you go ?    Yes.
Heaven defend the right.
The more the merrier.
There were as many as possible,
(b.) Define analysis, synthesis; give examples of copulative, adversative,  and illative
sentences.
10.  Analyze and parse underlined words of the following extract:—
But, O sad Virgin, that thy power
Might raise Musoeus from his bower,
Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing
Such notes as, warbled to the string,
Drew iron tears down Pluto's cheek
And made Hell grant what Love did seek !
Or call up him that left half-told
The story of Cambuscan bold,
Of Camball, and of Algarsife,
And ivlto had Canace to wife
That owned the virtuous ring and glass;
And of the wondrous horse of brass
On which the Tartar Kins; did ride. Composition.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Monday, July 9th ; 9 a. m. to 11 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
Write an essay on one of the following subjects : —
(a.) The new Government Buildings;
(b.) The Hawaiian Situation ;
(c.)  The Floods on the Fraser ;
(d.) Sir John A, Macdonald ;
(e.)  A Trip to San Francisco;
(/) The Study of Natural History ;
(g.) Hon. John Robson ;
(h.) Memory;
(i.)   Sport;
(j.) Your favourite Poet.
Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Thursday, July 5th ; 9 a. m. to 11.30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Is arithmetic a science or an art ?    Give reasons for answer.
(b.) Explain the meaning of the terms bracket, factor, quotient, L. C. M., G. C. M., and
reduction.
2. (a.) Is a fraction increased or diminished when it is divided by another fraction?
(b.) Form the reciprocals of all the primes between 10 and 20.
(c.) Transform 1007.375 from the scale of eight to that of ten.
3. (a.) Define present worth and discount.
(&.) The ratio of the interest to the discount on a certain sum of money at a certain
rate per cent, for two years (simple interest) is 9:8, find the rate per cent.;
also, if the difference between the interest and discount be 30s.; find the sum.
4. (a.)  Explain  the  method  of  pointing off in  extracting the  square root  of  a  whole
number, and also of a decimal fraction.
(b.) Given that the square root of 105625 is 325, find the square root of 10582009.
(c.) A cubical block of stone contains 50653 solid feet: what is the length of its side?
5. A, B, and C invest capital to the amount of £700, £500, and £300 respectively ; A
was  to  have  25 per cent, of the profits, which amounted to £450 ; what share of
the profits ought C to have ?
6. Find the difference between the compound interest on $10,000 for 3 years @ 4 %, and
the discount on $10,000 due 3 years hence, @ 4 % per annum compound interest.
7. If London exchanges with Holland at a gain of 6| per cent, when the rate of exchange
is at 35s. 6d. per £ sterling; what is the par of exchange ?
8. A man having bought a lot of goods for £150, sells J at a loss of 4 per cent.; by what
increase per cent, must he raise that selling price, in order that by selling the rest
at the increased rate he may gain 4 per cent, on the whole transaction ?
9. A man sells 6 per cent, stock and buys 3| per cents at par; these rising 15i per cent.,
he sells his stock and buys 5 per cents at 108, and thereby obtains the same income
as at first: what was the price of the six per cents ?
10. Water is found to be rising in a cellar with an area of 576 square feet at the rate of 3
inches per hour, and is already 1 foot deep. A pump which, if worked incessantly,
is able to carry off 360 cubic feet of water in an hour, is worked for 8 minutes at a
time, with intervals of 2 minutes.    How soon will all the water be drawn off? 58 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.
ciii.
Mental Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Monday, July 9th ; 1.30 p. m. to 2 15 p. m.    Total marks, 100.
1.
If 7| lbs. of tea cost $3.75, what will 10| lbs. cost?                                Ans
2.
Reduce y to a decimal.                                                                                   Ans. . .
3.
What is the brokerage on $240 000 @ If "/ 1                                           Ans
4.
In a mixed school, 35 % of the pupils are boys and  there are 52
girls ■ find the number of boys                                                              Ans . . .
5.
What part of a sovereign is 12s. 6d. ?                                                      Ans. ..
6.
A has 60"/ more money than B.    What "L is B's money less than A's 1 Ans. ..
7.
8.
/O                                            J                                                                /O                                            J
From the cube root of 7 99 take the square root of 1/.                          Ans. . .
From a pile of wood 20 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 8 feet high, was
sold  a  quantity   worth $13.50 @ $6 a cord: how much was
what remained worth @ $5 a cord ?                                                     Ans. . .
9.
10.
I went from a certain city to another on a steamer which averaged
15 miles an hour, and returned on another steamer which made
12 miles an hour, and the round trip took 11 hours 15 minutes:
find the distance between the cities.                                                     Ans. . .
If the simple interest on a principal for a certain time and rate is
|- of itself, what fraction of it is the true discount for the same
time and rate ?                                                                                           Ans
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Saturday, July 7th; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 pim.    Total marks, 200.
1.
Define  the terms  Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene, and show why they
as one subject.
ire classed
2.
(a.) Describe the parts of which the brain consists.
(6.) What are the functions of each 1
3.
(a.) Describe the structure of a tooth.
(6.) Mention the number and  situation  of  the permanent  teeth, giving th
each kind.
5 names of
(c.) Why should teeth be brushed after eating?
4.
(a.) Explain the mechanism of vision.
(b.) What do you understand by color-blindness, near-sight, and far-sight?
5.
(a.) Briefly  describe the  perspiratory  glands, and  state  what  purpose  is
perspiration.
(b.) Why is frequent bathing of the body beneficial ?
served by
6.
Define   and locate each  of  the  following :—Pericardium, pylorus,  stapes,
pleura.
ganglion, Public Schools Report. 1894
7. (a.) Specify some points in which arteries and veins differ.
(6.) Name the  different parts of the  heart, illustrating your  answer by  means of a
diagram.
8. (a.) Give the names of the glands connected with .digestion.
(b.) How is the chyle in the intestines absorbed?
(c.) Describe the effects of alcohol on the digestive organs.
9. (a.) Mention some of the evil effects of ill-ventilated rooms.
(b.) How ought a school-room to be ventilated ?
10.  Show what should be done to stop the flow of blood from («) a vein; (b) an artery.
Education.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Friday, July 6th ; 9 a. m. to 11 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define Psychology and Pedagogy.
(b.) Name the bases of psychical life.
2. (a.) Are there any specified  rules  for  awakening  normal  interest?    Give reasons for
answer.
(b.) What is the difference between automatic and volitional attention.
3. (a.)  What is the central principle of the art of teaching?
(6.) State clearly the difference between learn and teach.
4. («.) Show that the principal punctuation marks should be taught to pupils before  they
begin the study of grammar.
(6.) In teaching the geography of a country,  which  would you  impress  upon your
pupils as of first importance, a knowledge of its climate or of its productions?
Give reason for answer.
5. (a.) For what three things should written work in arithmetic be considered as deserving
of special commendation ?
(b.)  Show the value of the teaching of mental arithmetic to pupils of all ages.
6. (r«.) What should be the aim of all discipline ?
(b.) When, only, is corporal punishment justifiable ?
7. (a.) Who is authorized to suspend a pupil from school ?    To expel a pupil?
(6.) What authority has the teacher over his pupils outside the school-room ?
8. (a.) When does the school-year begin and end 1
(b,) What is the duty of the teacher in regard to Time Tables?    Public Examinations
9. (a.) How would you teach pupils to have self-respect ?
(b.) Show that it is incumbent on the teacher to inculcate  the  highest  morality,  and
state how this can be clone in the best manner.
10. (a.) " Show me the lessons assigned, and I will tell you  the merits of the teacher."
Discuss this statement.
(b.) State some of the prerequisites on the part of the teacher for profitable questioning. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
6. (a.) What is meant by the tangential union of lines?
(b.)  State when lines are said to balance.
7. Inscribe in an equilateral triangle three repeats of a maple leaf arranged symmetrically.
8. State reasons why mechanical aids are used in original design, and not permissible in
freehand drawing from copies.
9. Describe some of the characteristics of  the  Egyptian,  Greek,  Roman,  and Moresque
styles in decorative art.
10.  Make an outline drawing of a lamp or clock standing on a mantel-piece.
1.
(a.)
(b.)
2.
(a.)
(b.)
3.
(a.)
(b.)
4.
(a.)
(b.)
5.
(a.)
{b.)
6.
(a.)
(6.)
7.
(a.)
(b.)
8.
(a.)
(b.)
9.
(a.)
(b.)
10.
(«.)
{b.)
Botany.     (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Tuesday, July 10th ; 3.30 p. in. to 5.30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
What is a plant-cell ?    How are new cells formed ?
Describe the bast tissue.
Show that the difference between the axial and inaxial form of root constitutes one
of the distinctions between exogens and endogens.
Give examples of acaulescent stems.
What is a syncarpous pistil ?
When are stamens called monadelphous ?
What is Praefoliation ?
Which part of the plant contains the least amount of organic matter ?
Describe composite flowers.     Name three.
The fruit is what part of the flower ?
What is meant by an albuminous seed ?
Give the parts of the seed.
In what part of the plant is the work of assimilation carried on ?
Explain  the  following terms :—sessile, pedicels, gymnosperm,  micropyle,  coelos-
permous.
Why may plants be regarded as purifiers of the atmosphere ?
What four substances constitute the organic elements found in plants?
Show that the destruction of forests has a tendency to diminish the  rainfall  of  a
district.
What does the term " officinalis," applied to a plant, mean ?
Define Morphology.
Describe each of the three classes into which cryptogamous plants arc divided. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. ev.
Book-keeping.    Single Entry.    (For Second Class, Grades A. and B.)
Tuesday, July 10th; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.     Total Marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define clearly the meaning of Single Entry.
(b.) What is the principal object of Book-keeping?
2. (a.) Explain the use of a Petty Cash Book.
(/;.) Show  in what  respect a  Promissory  Note and a Draft agree, and in what they
differ, illustrating your answer by an example of each.
3. (a.) For what purpose do merchants make use of a private mark on their goods ?
(/>.) Selecting Switzerland as a private mark, show how goods should be marked which
cost $14.75, and are to be sold at $19.28.
4. Define each of the following terms :—
(a.) Lien: (b.) Protest:
(c.) Salvage: (d.) Tariff:
(e.) Underwriter.
5. (a.) State what is necessary to be  done in transferring accounts from an old to a new
Ledger.
(b.) When the amount on the credit side of a Cash Book is less than that on the debit
side, what does the difference indicate ?
6. (a.) Explain what is meant by an inventory.
(b.) Of what use is a Bill Book ?
7. Enter the following transactions in the Day Book and Ledger, and find the net gain or
loss :—
1894.
July    4—Invested in business, cash $1,000, merchandise $2,000 $3,000 00
.i      4—Sold to W. Jamieson 5 tons potatoes @ $30.00  150 00
n     5—Bought of Thomas Smith 14 tons hay @ $15.00  210 00
n     5—Bought of J. Campbell 3 sacks wheat @ $2.50  7 50
..     6—Sold' to W. Jamieson 12 tons hay @ $17.50  210 00
ii   12—Bought of Jas. Wilson 5 loads straw @ $3.00  15 00
ii   12—Sold to Thomas Smith 4 tons potatoes @ $35.00  140 00
n   12—Sold to W. Jamieson 2 sacks wheat @ $3.50  7 00
n   13—Received from W. Jamieson as part payment  300 00
ii    16—Paid Henry Brown's salary  30 00
n    16—Paid J. Williamson, rent of store  40 00
Merchandise on hand, $1,745.50.
Book-keeping.    Double Entry.    (For First Class, Grades A. and B.)
Tuesday, July 10th; 1:30 p.m.. to 3:30 p m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) What is the fundamental principle of Book-keeping by Double Entry ?
(b.) Name the books that precede the Ledger in the order of entry.
(c.) Which do you regard as the most important book of a set?    Give reasons.
2. Explain what is meant by each of the following mercantile terms :—
(a.) Accommodation Note: (6.) Accommodation Account:
(c.) Bill of Entry: (<£) Bill of Exchange:
(e.) Bill of Sale.
3. (a.) What is Journalizing 1
(b.) How would you correct an entry that has been incorrectly journalized  and posted
in the Ledger ? cvi. Public Schools Report. 1894
4. Journalize the following transactions :—
(a.) Bought of Wilson & Co. goods to the value of $2,100, paying one-third in cash,
the balance by promissory note at 60 days.
(b.) Shipped to Thomson & Co., Vancouver, to be sold on my account and risk—
24 tons potatoes @ $20 = $480.
Paid freight on same, $36.
(c.) Sold to W. Henderson on his note @ 3 mos.—
44 sacks grain @ $2.50 = $110.
(d.) Lost by fire goods to the amount of $500, but received  $350  from  Insurance
as compensation for loss.
5. State the object, and briefly describe the process, of making out a Trial Balance.
6. From the following Trial Balance make out a statement of (a) Resources and Liabilities
and (b) Losses and Gains :—
Dr.                                                                                                              . Cr.
$     730 00 Stock $ 4,800 00
1,400 00 Bills Receivable  1,200 00
4,869 50 Cash   4,570 70
4,549 25 Merchandise . ,  2,948 80
1,600 00 Bills Payable    1,875 00
450 00 Wm. Henderson  245 00
3,780 00 Thomson & Co  1,430 00
Wilson & Co  700 00
390 75 Expenses	
$17,769 50 $17,769 50
Merchandise on hand, $1,300.
Mensuration.     (For Second Class, Grades A and B.)
Tuesday, July 10th; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. How do you find—
(a.) The area of a circle :
(5.) The area of a polygon :
(c.) The length of any circular arc ?
2. What is the cost of paper for the walls of a room 30 feet long, 15 feet broad, and 15
feet high, the paper being 1J yards wide, and its price 4|- pence per yard ? What
would lie the cost for a room twice as long, twice as broad, and twice as high, the
paper twice as wide, and costing twice as much per yard as before ?
3. The chord of half an arc  is  12 inches,  and the diameter of the circle is 36 inches.
Find the chord of the arc.
4. The area of a rectangular space is an acre, and its length and width are in the ratio of
5:2 ; around this space on the inside is a path whose width at any point is ^V of
the shortest distance to the opposite path ; find how many bricks will pave the
path allowing 45 bricks to the square yard.
5. The area of a triangular field is 6 acres 36  rods; the base is  64 rods.    What is the
perpendicular distance from the base to the angle opposite ?
6. The base of a rhombus is 9 feet 8 inches, and its altitude 3 feet, how many square feet
in its surface ? 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. evil.
7. A ladder 35 feet long reaches from the middle of the  street to a window 28 feet high,
how wide is the street ?
8. A piece of land in the form of an equilateral  triangle  requires   156  rods  of fence to
inclose it, how many acres are there, and what is the cost at $40 per acre ?
9. A and B start from the corner of a field a mile square, travelling at the same  rate ; A
follows the fence around the field, and B proceeds directly across to the  opposite
corner, when B reaches the corner how far will he be from A ?
10. How many thousand shingles 18 inches long and 4 inches wide, lying J to the weather,
are required to shingle the roof of a building 54 feet long, with rafters 22 feet
long ; the first row of shingles being double ?
Mensuration.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Tuesday, July 10th; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. How do you find the volume of—
(a.) A cylinder;
(6.) A pyramid or a cone;
(c.) A frustrum of a cone?
2. The cost of carpeting a room twice as long as it was broad at 5 shillings a square yard
amounted  to  £6   2s.  6d.; and  the painting of  the  walls  at  9d.  a  square yard
amounted to £2 12s. 6d.    Find the height of the room.
3. How many flag stones, each 5.76 feet long and 4.15 feet wide, are required for paving
a cloister which encloses a  rectangular  court  45.77 yards long  and  41.93 yards
wide, the cloister being 12.45 feet wide ?
4. On the roof of Covent Garden Theatre there was a tank capable of holding 18 tons of
water.    Supposing it cubical what  would have  been its dimensions ?    (One cubic
foot of water weighs 1,000 oz.)
5. The contents of a cistern is the sum  of 2  cubes  whose edges are 10 and 12 inches
respectively, and the area of its base  is the difference of 2 squares whose sides are
li- and 1^ feet: find its depth.
6. Find the entire surface of a frustrum of a pyramid whose slant height is 14 feet, and
its bases triangles, each side of the larger base being 8 feet, and of the smaller
base 6 feet.
7. A cask slightly curved is 40 inches long, its head  diameter being  22  inches, and its
bung diameter 27 inches ; how many gallons will it hold?
8. One of the big trees of California is  32 feet in diameter at the foot of the tree; how
many cubic feet in a section of this tree 90 feet high, the upper base being 20 feet
in diameter.
9. The solid contents of a sphere being |- of f{-| of a cube, the side of  which is the radius
of the sphere, and a cubic foot of iron  weighing  450 lbs.; find the diameter (in
inches and tenths of an inch) of a 68 lb. cannon ball.
10. The area of one end of a cubical cistern is 12| square feet; express its capacity in feet
and inches. Supposing it provided with two spouts which would fill it in 10 and
12 minutes respectively, and with a tap which would empty it in 15 minutes;
what portion of it will be filled by leaving all three open for five minutes ? cviii. Public Schools Report. 1894
Music.    (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Tuesday, July 10th; 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.     Total Marks, 200.
1. (a.) What are the elements of a musical tone?
(b.) What is the limit to the number of possible tones ?
(c.) What is the standard of pitch ?
2. (a.) What is an octave, and how are octaves marked in the staff notation and the tonic
sol-fa notation ?
(4.) What are the principal intervals of the  scale  besides  the  octave, and  what are
they called ?
3. («.) How is a major chord formed 1
(b.) On the tones of the scale how many major chords can be built ?
(c.) What are dissonant intervals ?
4. Write the signatures of the key of C flat, G flat, D flat, A flat, E flat, and of F, C, G,
D, A, E, B, F sharp and C sharp.
5. Write the scale of E flat, placing a flat before each note requiring one, and marking the
places where the semitones fall.
6. What is the theory of time in music?
(a.) Define accent, measure, pulse or beat.
(6.) Give the kinds of measure commonly used, with the signature of each kind,
(c.) What proportions do a semibreve, a minim, a crotchet, and a quaver  bear to
each other?
7. What is the essential distinction between the major and minor modes?
8. Give examples:—
(a.) Of a minor second.
(b.) Of a major third.
(c.) Of a perfect fourth.
9. If the last sharp in a signature be D sharp, what tonic will it indicate ?
10.  Wrrite four bars of music in common time, each  bar composed of different lengths and
numbers of notes.
Drawing.    (For Second Class, Grade B.)
Tuesday, July 10th ; 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.    Total marks, 200.
1. Shew the advantages of teaching Drawing by means of dictation and memory lessons,
as well as by the occasional use of the black-board,
2. (a.) To what extent would you permit the use of an eraser ?     Give reasons.
(b.)  State how you would endeavour to secure firmness and boldness of line.
3. Name and define the difierent kinds of lines
4. («.) Construct a hexagon, describing each step in its construction
(b.)  How would you test the accuracy of your drawing ?
5. Define and illustrate each of the following :—
(a.) Elliptical curve; (b.) Reversed curve;
(c.) Abstract curve. ex.
Public Schools Report.                                         1894
Algebra.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 11th ; 9 a. m. to 11.30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1.
(a.) Subtract 4a;2 - 6x 4-1 from unity, and add 5a;2 — 6a; to the result.
(b.) Find the value of
3a2 - [6a2 -{8b2- (9c2 - 2a2)}].
2.
(a.) Resolve into elementary factors—
y6 - 729, 3a3a:s - 27aa:, and (7a; + iyf - (2x + 3y)2.
(b.) Bracket the following expression so that the signs before all the brackets shall be
negative:—
ax2 + 5a;3 - a2a;4 - 26a;3 - 3a;2 - 6a;4.
3.
(a.) Why  is the name Highest Common Factor preferable  to  the  name  Greatest
Common Measure?
ii. \ t?;„j +u„ tt n u nf
(b.) Find the H. C. F. of
2/3_2/2-2/ + l, 3y2-2y-l, and y3-y2 + y-l.
4. (a.) Find the L. C. M. of
a3 - b3, a2 - cV2, a3 - a2b - ab2 - 2b3.
(b.) Find the value of
■r—- —i
V.1 - X     1 + xj
2
1 -
a3 - bB 362
5. (a.) Shew that - = m + 2b + -•
(a- b)2 a — b
,,.*..', 16* -27, ,      13
(6.) Divide x H by x - 1 -I	
a;2 —16 x — 4t
6. Solve the following equations :—
.   ,  7a:+9     3a;+1     9a;- 13     249 - 9a;
(«•) -g 7- = — Ii-'
•   .   30 +6a;     60 +8a;    , J       48
(6.)  — + —=14 + -■
x+1        x+3 x+l
7. A workman is engaged for 28 days @ 2s. 6d. a day, but instead of  receiving  anything
is to pay Is. a day on all days upon which he is idle; he  receives altogether £2
12s. 6d.    For how many idle days did he pay?
8. If I lend a sum of money at 6 %, the interest for a certain time exceeds  the  loan  by
$100; but if I lend it at 3 % for a fourth of the time, the loan exceeds the interest
by $425.    How much do I lend ?
9. A vessel may be filled by three different pipes: by the first in lj hours,  by the second
in 3J hours, and by the third in 5 hours.    In what time will the vessel  be  filled
when all three pipes are opened at once ?
10. When the arable land of a farm was let at 30s. and the pasture at 40s. an acre, the
total rent of a farm was £550. When the rent of the pasture was reduced by 5s.
an acre and that of the arable land by 10s. an acre, the whole rent was £387 10s.
What was the total acreage of the farm ? 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxi.
Algebra.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Wednesday, July 11th ; 9 a. m. to 11.30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1.  Resolve into elementary factors :—
(a.) 3a;2- 14a; + 8, (c.)  33a;2 - 16a; - 65,
(6.) y3 + U, (d.) x^-if,
(e.) {x + 3yf-iy2.
2.
Simplify—
(a.) a + x    a — x
a-x    a+x
-2
a+x    a—x
a—x    a+x
(b.) x2 - x - 20    x2 - x -
a;+l
x2 — 25        a;2 + 2a; -
-8
a;2 + 5a;
3. (a.) Multiplying the H. C. F. of two expressions by their L. C. M. gives what result?
(b.) Find the H. C. F. and the L. C. M. of
a;3 - 9a;2 + 26a; -24, a;3 - 12a;2 + 47a;-60.
4. The age of the oldest of three children is equal to the sum of the ages of the other two,
the ages of these two being in the ratio of two to three; in ten years the age of
the eldest will be five years more than half the sum of the ages of the other two.
Find their present ages.
5. (a.) Multiply .«* + x y" + y° by x - y*.
(6.) Express with positive indices—
a   x    +a   .
6. Solve the following equations :—
(a.) a; — 3    ai-4    x-6    x-7
x-i    x - 5    a;-7    x-8
(b.) a;2 + a;i/+2/2=133~j
x + Jxy + y = 19 J
7. (a.) If the first term of an A. P. be a, and the common difference d, find an expression
for the sum of n terms.
(6.) A square field would contain 139 square yards  more if each side were  one yard
longer; find the length of each side of the field.
8. Prove the Binomial Theorem for positive integral indices.
9. A person invests $12,000, partly in 4 % Consols @ 104, and partly in Railway Stock
@ 90, which pays a dividend of 5 %; if his income from these investments is $500
per annum, what sum does he invest in each ?
10. A wine merchant bought a cask of sherry for £9, and losing 3 gallons by leakage, sold
the rest of the cask at 6s. a gallon above cost price, thereby gaining a profit of
33ir % on his whole outlay.    How many gallons did the cask contain? Public Schools Report. 1894
Geometry.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July 12th ; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Explain the following terms :—
(a.) Problem: (b.) Reductio ad absurdum :
(c.) Scalene: (d.) Finite:
(«.) Produce.
2. From the greater of two given straight lines, to cut off a part equal to the less.
3. If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each,
and have likewise their bases equal ; the angle contained by the two sides of the
one shall be equal to the angle contained by the two sides equal to them of the
other.
4. To bisect a given rectilineal angle.
5. To draw a straight line at right angles to a given straight line from   a  given  point in
the same.
6. If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each,
but the angle contained by the two sides of one of them greater than the angle
contained by the two sides equal to them of the other; the base of that which has
the greater angle shall be greater than the base of the other.
7. The opposite sides and angles of a  parallelogram  are  equal  to each other; and the
diagonal bisects it.
8. Equal triangles upon the same base and upon the same side of it are between the same
parallels.
9. To describe a  parallelogram   equal to a given triangle, and having an angle equal to a
given rectilineal angle.
10. If two straight lines cut one another, the vertical or opposite angles shall be equal.
Geometry.    (For First Class, Grade B.)
Thursday, July 12th ; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each,
but the base of one greater than the base of the other, the angle contained by the
sides of the one which has the greater base shall be greater than the angle contained
by the sides equal to them of the other.
2. In every triangle the square on  the side subtending  either of the acute angles is less
than the squares on the sides containing that angle, by twice the rectangle contained
by either of these sides and the straight line intercepted between the acute angle
and the perpendicular let fall upon it from the opposite angle.
3. Bisect a given arc.
4. If two straight lines cut one another in a circle, the rectangle contained by the segments
of one of them is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the other.
5. Describe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon about a given circle.
6   Inscribe an equilateral and equiangular quindecagon in a given circle. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxiii.
7. In a given straight line to find a point equally distant from two given straight lines.   In
what case is this impossible ?
8. To divide a square into four equal portions by lines drawn from any point in one of its
sides.
9. Any rectangle is the half of the rectangle contained by the diameters of the squares on
its two sides.
10. From a given point without a circle, at a distance from the circumference of the circle
not greater than its diameter, draw a straight line to the concave circumference
which shall be bisected by the convex circumference.
Zoology.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 11th; 1.30 p.m. to 3.30 p.m.    Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define zoology, amorphous, apterous, cilium, protoplasm.
(6.) Explain the terms fissiparous, gemmiparous, viviparous, giving three examples of
each class.
2. Construct a table shewing the divisions of the animal kingdom,    Give the meaning of
each term used.
3. (a.) Give the general characters of Infusoria.    Describe the stentor polymorphus.
(b.) State briefly some practical benefits which accrue from zoological study.
4. (a.) Give a  description  of the  sponge.      Describe   its   development.     What  are  its
characters ?
(6.) Name the sub-kingdom and class in which marked distinction of sex first occurs.
5. (a.) Name the orders of Crustacea.
(b.) Point out any peculiarities in the digestive and nervous systems of the lobster.
6. Describe fully—
(a.) Any insect very injurious to plant life in this Province ;
(6.) The leaf-cutter ant.
7. (a.) Give the general characters of Batrachians.
(6.) Name the orders and describe any one of the following : —
siren lacertina, menobranchus, siredon.
8. Refer the following to their sub-kingdom, order, and family :—
caribou, salmon, clam, rattlesnake, gull, lobster, crane, panther, bear, starfish.
9. Write a brief account of the Felida;, Ursidai, and Cervidse of this Province.
10. (a.) Give the distinctive zoological characters separating man from the higher animals.
(b.) Describe the mimetes niger. CX1V.
Public Schools Report. 1894
Astronomy.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 11th ; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. State briefly some of the essential mathematical principles which  must be understood
by the student commencing Astronomy.
(a ) What is a unit angle, and how is it obtained ?
(6.) The radius of any  circle  (angular  measure)  is  equal to  how  many degrees,
minutes, seconds?
2. Define the longitude of a place.
(a.) Define the difference of longitude of two places.
(b.) Describe the method used by seamen for ascertaining their longitude.
3. (a.)  What is a star's diurnal orbit?
(b.) Has the sun a diurnal orbit?
(c.) What stars are always visible to an observer at a particular place?
4. What was the order of discovery of the different theories of the Solar System ?
5. (a.) State Newton's laws of motion.
(b.) State his law of universal gravitation.
6. (a.) How do you determine the distance of the moon ?
(b.) State the principal points of difference between the physical conditions of the moon
and the earth,
(c.) How can the heights of the lunar mountains be determined ?
(d.) Has the moon an atmosphere ?
7. (a.) Describe the atmospheres and rotations of Mercury and Venus.
(6.) Give an account of the supposed intra-Mercurial planets.
8. (a.) Describe what is known of the surface of Mars.
(b.) Draw figures to prove that Mars has phases.
9. Give the principal conclusions to be had from a study of : —
(a.)  The spectra of Nebulas.
(b.) Clusters,
(c.)  Fixed stars.
10.  State the various facts which appear to show  that the earth and planets as well as the
sun were once a fiery mass.
Rhetoric.    (For Second Class, Grade A.)
Wednesday, July 11th ; 1.30 p. m. to 3.30 p. m.    Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Define Rhetoric.
(b.) With what three departments of the human mind is it concerned?
2. Give some rules to be observed in Narrative Composition.
3. Name the divisions and subdivisions of Dramatic  Poetry,  and mention instances of
each.
4. Explain and illustrate the meaning of the following terms :—
(a.) Explicit reference ;
(b.) Parallel construction ;
(c.)  Reputable use;
(d.) Burden of proof. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. exix.
Geometry.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Thursday, July 12th ; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. If a straight line be  divided into  two equal, and  also into  two unequal  parts; the
squares on the two unequal parts are together double of the square on half the
line, and of the square on the line between the points of section.
2. If from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which  cuts the
circle and the other touches it; the rectangle contained by the whole line which
cuts the circle and the part of it without the circle shall be equal to the square on
the line which touches it.
3. To describe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon about a given circle.
4. Define and prove —
(a.) Invertendo : (b.) Permutando :
(c.) Dividendo: (<i.) Ex sequali in proportione perturbata.
5. The sides about the equal angles of equiangular triangles are proportionals : and those
which are opposite to equal angles are homologous sides.
6. Given the base, the vertical  angle, and the  difference of the sides,   to  construct the
triangle.
7. In a given circle inscribe the equal circles touching each other, and the given circle.
8. Divide a right angle into three equal angles.
9. Describe a rectangle equal to a  given  square, and  having the difference  of  its  sides
equal to a given straight line.
10. The circles which are described upon the sides of a right-angled triangle as diameters
meet the hypotenuse in the same point; and the line drawn from the point of
intersection to the centre of either of the circles will be a tangent to the other
circle.
Practical Mathematics.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Saturday, July 14th ; 9 a. m. to 11.30 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Describs the three modes of measuring angles.    Express in circular measure the angle
of an equilateral triangle.
2. (a.) Trace the changes in the sign and magnitude of tan A as A increases from 0° to
180°.
(b.) Express the sine and cosine of an angle in terms of the tangent.
3. Show that
1 + cos A 1
sin2 A      1. - cos A
„   .     3 tan A - tan3 A
tan 6 A =
1 - 3 tan2 A
4. Prove that the cosine of the sum of two angles is equal to the product of their cosines,
minus the product of their sines. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
cxv.
5.  Describe some methods of avoiding the excessive use of the  Relative  Pronoun,  and
give instances.
6.  Correct the following : —
(a.) Easier to say, rather than do.
(b.) The house can only be seen on application.
(c.)  For all our sakes, I hope he will succeed.
(d.) I am neither an ascetic in theory nor in practice.
(e.)   Don't demean yourself by doing that.
7.  Define and give examples of the following :-
(a.) Alienism ;
(b.) Hybridism ;
(e.) Slang.
(c.)  Neologism ;
(d.) Technicality :
8. "Command of language is the author's first requisite."
(a.) Show the truth of this.
(6.)  How would you acquire such command ?
9. Write a paragraph illustrating—
(a.) Harmony of sound and sense ;
(b.) Melodious succession of syllables.
10.  Give instances of Definition by—
(a.) Contrast;
(b.) Analysis ;
(o.)  Particulars.
1. (a.
(b.
2. (a.
(b.
(c.
3. (a.
(b.
4. (a.
(b.
5. (a.
(b.
6. (a.
(b.
7. (a.
(b.
Natural Philosophy.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Friday, July 13th; 9 a.m. lo 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
Give illustrations of Molar forces, and of Molecular forces.
If the falling apple attracts the earth, does the earth rise to meet the apple.    Give
reasons for answer.
Explain the isochronal oscillations of the Pendulum.
Why does the length of the Pendulum vary with the latitude ?
Account for the fact that a clock loses time in summer and gains time in winter.
Describe the Hydraulic Ram, shewing by a diagram how it works.
If the diameter of the pump of a Bramah Press be 2 inches, and that of the press
be 80 inches, what force will 4 lbs. applied to the pump produce on the press ?
In what three ways is Heat diffused ?
Distinguish between a High Pressure and a Low Pressure Steam Engine.
Describe the Torricellian Vacuum.
The diameter of  the  earth  is  approximately 8,000   miles.    What would  be the
weight of a man of 180 lbs. were the diameter of the earth reduced to  6,000
miles ?
Explain the process of Electrotyping.
Describe briefly the Telephone.
State some of the chemical effects of electricity,
Explain briefly the Aurora BoreaHs. cxvi. Public Schools Report. 1894
8. (a.) If a drop of rain fall through 140 feet in the last second  of its fall, how high was
the cloud from which it fell ?
(6.) If a piece of beech weigh 42.6 lbs. in air, and a piece of iron, weighing 40.7 lbs. in
water, be attached to it, and the compound  mass  weigh   33.3  lbs. in water ;
what is the specific gravity of the beech ?
9. (a.) If a block of wood  be floating  on  the surface  of the water within a diving bell,
how will it be effected by the descent of the bell ?
(b.) How will a fall in the Barometer affect the action of a Siphon ?
10.  (a.) A man who weighs 160 lbs. wishing to raise a rock leans with his whole weight on
one end of a horizontal crow-bar 5 feet long, which  is propped at the distance
of 4 inches from the end in contact  with  the  rock ; what force does he exert
on the rock, and what pressue has the prop to sustain ?
(b.) Explain the "Kick of a Gun."
English Literature.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Thursday, July 12th; 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Describe some of the characteristics of the early Anglo Saxon writers, more particularly
in reference to the works of Beowulf and Caedmon.
2. (a.) In what ways did Alfred the  Great contribute largely to the advancement of
literature ?
(6.) Name the author to whom  we are indebted for the  history  of the  early  Saxon
Church.
3. (a.) Describe briefly the writings of Sir John de Mandeville.
(6.) From what circumstance would you infer  that his  works  must  have  been  very
popular in early times ?
4. (a.) Name, the principal work on which the fame of Wycliffe rests.
(6.) What distinguished author wrote a similar work in the reign of Henry VIII.?
5. (a.) Briefly sketch the life of Sir Thomas More.
(b.) Name his chief work, giving a short account of its contents.
6. Trace   the  origin   and   development   of   periodical   literature   during  the   eighteeuth
century.
7. (a.) Describe the influence that the reign of Charles II. had on literature.
(b. Who were the leading authors that flourished in his time ?
8. State the branch of literature in whioh each of the following distinguished himself:—
(a.) Locke : (p.) Steele :
(c.) Gibbon: (d.) Whately:
(e.) Tyndall.
9. (a.) Contrast the writings of Dickins with those of Thackeray.
(b.) Give the names of three works of each.
10. Name the author of each of the following works :—
(a.) Confessio Amantis : (b.) II Penseroso :
(c.) Pamela: (d.) Locksley Hall:
(e.) Mosses from an Old Manse. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxvii.
General History.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Thursday, July 12th ; 1.30 p. to. to 3.30 p. m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Give a short account of the rise of the Saracenic power in Europe.
2. Write a short life of two of the following:—
(a.) Julius Csesar ; (a)  Marlborough;
(6.)  Charlemagne ; (a*.) Louis Napoleon.
3. Relate the chief events of the reigns of—
(a.) Henry IV. of France ;
(b.) Victor Emmanuel.
4. Trace briefly the course of affairs in Russia in the last twenty years.
5. Describe the circumstances which led to the following wars :—
(a.) Peloponnesian War ; (c.)  Crimean War;
(b ) Spanish Succession ; (d.) Thirty Years' War.
6. Give an account of the Rise of the Dutch Republic.
7. What was the origin, and what is the present condition, of the Behring Sea Question ?
8. Give historical reference of each of the following :—
(a.) Richelieu; (/.) Pio Nono ;
(b.) Pizarro; (g.) Solyman ;
(c.)  Andrea Doria ; (h.) Diaz;
(d.) Speke ; (i.)   Coligny ;
(e.) Stonewall Jackson (j.) Murat.
9. (a.) What were the four great Grecian Festivals ?    Describe them.
(6.)  What influence had they upon the social and national life of the Greeks?
10. Describe the social condition of Rome at the beginning of the Christian Era.
Chemistry.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Thursday, July 12th ; 1:30 p. m. to 3.30 p. to.    Total marks, 200.
1. Define atomic weight,  molecular  weight.     Distinguish   between   an   element  and  a
compound.
2. (a.) State and illustrate Dalton's law of definite and multiple proportions.
(6.) Distinguish carefully between  fact,  law,   hypothesis,  and  theory, in  relation to
chemical research.
3. (a.) Name three modes of preparing hydrogen, describing one by an experiment.
(6.) Give symbol, comb, weight, density, and physical properties of oxygen.
4. (a.) Under what conditions does carbon combine with oxygen ?
(6.) What agent is most extensively used in reduction.     Describe its action on a metal.
5. How is fire-damp generated ?     Describe the construction   of    Davy's safety lamp,
accounting for its security.
6. (a.) Give reasons for grouping together nitrogen, arsenic, and phosphorus.
(b.) Give symbol and comb, weight of each. cxviii. Public Schools Report. 1894
7. Distinguish   between   physical   and   chemical   changes.     Give   formula?   showing the
production of zinc, chlorine, calcium, sodium.
8. (a.) Explain the following :—
2 Na CI + Hz S04 = Na2 S04 + 2 H CI.
(b.) Describe the properties of the gas given off in the following :—
2 K CI + H2 S04 = K S04 + 2 H CI.
9. Distinguish between chloric, chlorous, hypochlorous and perchloric acids.
10. Give an account of the composition, production and properties of common ether.
Geology.    (For First Class, Grades A and B.)
Thursday, July 12th; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Show how the study  of geology is affected  by  the  general  relations and  conditions
appertaining to the globe as a member of the solar system,
(a.) Its planetary relations.
(b.) Its atmospheric relations,
(c.) Its figure.
2. Is the globe of greater density than the rock materials which form its crust?
(a.) What is the average density of the crust?
(6.) Give the mean density of the whole mass.
3. Describe the temperature of the earth.
(a.) Of the accessible crust.
(b.) Of the interior.
(c.) What proof have we of the intensity of the interior heat ?
4. What geological results depend on the relative height of land and depth of ocean?
(«.) What is the composition of the water of the ocean ?
(6.) What do we know of the temperature of the ocean?
5. (a.) What is the effect of aqueous action in the formation of the earth's crust ?
(b.) Of Igneous action ?
(c.)  What terms are used to describe  the fractures or rents caused by volcanic convulsion ?
6. State the order of sequence of stratified rock, into systems beginning at the surface.
7. Of what is granite compounded ?
(a.) What is graphic granite?
(b.) What is syenitic granite?
8. What series of strata are embraced in the old red sandstone system ?
(a.) What flora belongs to this system ?
(b.) What fauna?
9. Describe the formation of the coal measures—
(a.) As to organic origin;
(b.) As to the process of formation ;
(c.) As to the period in which they occur?
10. What idea as to antiquity is suggested by an examination of the stratified rocks 1
(a.) Have we any data for fixing the extent of the eras,  epochs,  cycles, and
systems ?
(6.) What ingenious methods have been tried to approximate the dates of certain
geological events ? cxx. Public Schools Report. 1894
5. (a.) The sides of a triangle are as 2: J6:1 + J3 : find the angles.
(b.) Given B = 75°, C=30°, c — J8 : solve the triangle.
6. Given two sides of a triangle, 50 and 40 respectively, and the angle opposite the latter,
equal to 32°; required the remaining parts of the triangle.
7. (a.) Define a logarithm.
(6.) Given log 34-077 = 1-5324614
log 34-078 = 1-5324741:
find log 3407-78.
8. A train is going east at the rate of 24 miles an hour; when will it be 18 miles distant
from a town which is on the N.E. of the train at a distance of 24 miles.
9. What is the dip of the horizon from the top of a mountain 2 miles high, the radius of
the earth being 4,000 miles.
10. From the top of a cliff 150 feet high the angles of depression of two ships at sea are
observed to be 45° and 30° respectively, if tha line joining the ships points directly
to the foot of the cliff: find the distance between the ships.
Ancient History.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Saturday, July 14th; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Into what four periods may Egyptian history be divided ?
(b.) Give the dates of each period.
2. Give an account of the life of—
(a.) Cambyses. (b.) Periander of Corinth.
3. What was the Confederacy of Delos, and for what purpose was it formed ?
4. (a.) What led to the Sacred War ?
(p.) What part was taken in it by Philip ?
5. (a.) Give a list, with dates, of the Roman kings.
(b.) What led to the abolition of the Monarchy ?
6. Describe the duties of the following offices: —
(a.) Tribunes : (6.) Censors :
(c.) Dictator : (d.) Pontifex Maximus :
(«.) Lictors.
7. Give historical reference of each ef the following :—
(a.) Cato Uticensis : (6.)  Hasdrubal :
(c.) Burrus : (d.) Antoninus Pius :
(«.) Spartacus.
8. For what are the following places famous ?
(a.) Saguntum : (6.) Coreyra :
(c.) Zama : (d.) Mycale:
(e.) Pydna.
9. For what services were the following surnames given :—
(a.) Fabius Cunctator: (b.) Scipio Africanus:
(c.) C. Marcius Coriolanus: (a7,) Manlius Torquatus:
(e.) Manlius Capitolinus.
10. Write a short summary of the history of Carthage before the first Punic War. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxxi.
* Latin.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Monday, July 16th; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (o.) Decline the substantives far, fas, tibicen, marking the pronunciation of the last.
(b.) Compare the adverbs diu, valde, male, aegre, audacter.
2. (a.) What substantines in a of the first declension are masculine?
(b.) Express in Latin "I was born in the year 1874."
3. (a.)  Name the only vocatives of pronouns.
(b.) Translate "I feard that he had come," and "I feared that he had not come."
4. (a.) When do dum, donee, quoad take the subjunctive?
(b.) In oblique narration in what mood will the principal verb be?
5. Translate—
A certain old man had cut sticks-of-wood (lignum) in the forest, and having raised (tollo)
the bundle on his shoulders, he began to return home. When he had become weary
both with the load and the journey, he laid down the sticks-of-wood, and, thinking
over (reputo) the miseries of old age and want, called upon death in a clear voice
that he might free himself (libero) from all ills. Immediately death is present and
asks what he wished. The old man frightened said: "Oh! I beg (quaeso) that you
place this bundle (fascis) of sticks of wood on my shoulders."
6. (a.) Write three extracts from Caesar's De Bello Gallico.
(6.) Show the value of Cajsar's Commentaries to Latin Literature.
7. Translate—
Hie incredibilis rerum fama occupat aures,
Priamiden Helenum Graias regnare per urbes,
Conjugio TEacidse Pyrrhi sceptrisque potitum;
Et patrio Andromachen iterum cessisse marito.
Obstuqui; miroque incensum pectus amore,
Compellare virum, et casus cognoscere tantos.
Progredior portu, classes et litora linquens.
Sollemnes turn forte dapes, et tristia dona,
Ante urbern in luco, falsi Simoentis ad undam,
Libabat cineri Andromache, Manesque vocabat
Hectoreum ad tumulum, viridi quem cespite inanern,
Et geminas, causam lacrimis, sacraverat aras.
(a. Parse the third and ninth lines.
(b.) Give an account of all proper names mentioned in extract,
(c.) Scan the first three lines of quotation.
8. Translate—
Exegi monumentum sere perennius,
Regalique situ pyramidum altius;
Quod non imber edax, non Aquilo impotens
Possit diruere, aut innumerabilis
Annorum series, et fuga temporum.
Non omnis moriar! multaque pars mei
Vitabit Libitinam.    Usque ego postera
Crescam laude recens, dum Capitolium
Scandet cum tacita Virgine pontifex.
Dicar, qua violens obstrepit Aufidus, cxxii. Public Schools Report. 1894
Et qua pauper aquae Daunus agrestium
Regnavit populorum, ex humili potens,
Princeps ^Eolium carmen ad Italos
Deduxisse modos.    Sume superbiam
Quaesitam meritis, et mihi Delphica
Lauro cinge volens, Melpomene, comam.
(a.) Give references of Daunus, Aufidus, Solium, Delphica, Melpomene.
(b.) Give the principal parts of the verbs in the extract,
(c.) Scan the last three lines.
* Candidates will be required to pass an oral examination in this subject on the work prescribed.
* French.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Monday, July 16th; 1:30 p.m. to 4 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Give the general rules for ascertaining the gender of substantives.
(6.) Give an exception to each rule.
2. (a.) Write the plurals of the following:—fils, vceu, cheval, moment, aieul, petit-maitre
hotel-Dieu.
(6.) Supply the definite article to the  following words:—martyr, monde, terre, neige,
globe, cote, republique, fleuve, bassesse, Prusse.
3. (a.) Give the 1st pers. pres. indicative, present participle, past participle of the follow
ing verbs :—boire, rire, faillir, s'en aller, vetir.
(b.) Name six conjunctions after which the subjunctive mood must be used.
4. (a.) Translate into French—
I think of thee.    They are good children.    I who am his son.
If your brother comes to-morrow, and the weather is fine, we will take him
out hunting.
(b.) Divine mercy had brought a vicious man into a  society  of  sages,   whose morals
were holy and pure.    It was not long before  he  imitated  them   and  lost his
old habits ; he became just, sober, patient, laborious, and benevolent.
5. Answer the following, giving examples:—
(a.) What is the position of negatives in a sentence?
(b.) When is pas to be used in preference to point.
6. Translate—
(a.) Un pauvre biicheron tout couvert de ramee,
Sous le faix d'un fagot aussi bien que des ans,
Gemissant et courbe, marchait a pas pesants,
Et tachait de gagner sa chaumine enfumee.
Enfin, n'en pouvant plus d'effort et de douleur,
II met bas son fagot, il songe a son malheur.
Quel plaisir a-t-il eu dupuis qu'il est au monde ?
En est-il un plus pauvre en la machine ronde ?
Point de pain quelquefois, et jamais de repos ;
Sa femme, ses enfants, les soldats, les iinpots,
Le creancier et la corvee,
Lui font d'un malheureux la peinture achevee, 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. cxxiii.
II appelle la mort.    Elle vient sans tarder,
Lui demande ce qu'il faut faire.
C'est, dit-il, afin de m'aider
A recharger ce bois; tu ne tarderas guere.
Le trepas vient tout guerir ;
Mais ne bougeons d'oil nous sommes:
Plutot soupfrir que mourir,
C'est la devise des hornmes.
(b.) Explain allusions "la machine ronde," "la corvee."
7. Translate—
(a.) Ma fille, il ne faut point rougir d'un si beau feu,
Ni chercher les moyens d'en faire un desaveu ;
Une louable honte en vain t'en sollicite ;
Ta gloire est degagee, et ton devoir est quitte;
Ton pere est satisfait; et c'etait le venger
Que mettre tant de fois ton Rodrigue en danger.
Tu vois comme le ciel autrement en dispose;
Ayant tant fait pour lui, fais pour toi quelque chose,
Et ne sois point rebelle a mon commandement,
Qui te donne un epoux aime si cherement.
(6.) Give the principal parts of the irregular verbs in the sentence.
8. Translate—
(a.) Des l,annee 1714 le czar eut pu faire une descente en Suede ; mais soit qu'il ne
s'accordat pas avec les rois de Pologne, d'Angleterre, de Danemarck et de Prusse,
allies justement jaloux, soit qu'il ne crut pas encore ses troupes assez aguerries
pour attaquer sur ses propres foyers cette ineme nation, dont les seuls paysans
avaient vaincu 1' elite des troupes danoises, il recula toujours cette entreprise.
(b.) Parse the first line of extract.
' Candidates will be required to pass an oral examination in this subject on the work prescribed.
Greek.    (For First Class, Grade A.)
Monday, July 16th; 1:30 p.m. to 4 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
[Questions omitted from this Report for want of Greek type in Government Printing
Office.1
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed byRiciiARD Wowbndbn, Pi-inter to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 58 Vict. Public Schools Report.
PART II.
STATISTICAL   RETURNS. |
11.
Public Schools Repokt.
1894
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CO 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. lix.
APPENDIX A.
Those holders of First Class Certificates marked with a * are not at present on the staff of
Teachers of this Province.
List of Certificated Teachers.
First Class, Grade A.
*Wilson, David, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1888.
*Anderson, John, B.A., University of New Zealand, 1888.
McKinnon, Michael, M.A., University of Halifax, 1888.
*Pottmeyer, Heinrich, 1888.
Stramberg, Hector M., B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Paul, Edward B., M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1889.
Hunter, Walter, B.A., B.C.L. McGill University, Montreal, 1889.
Landells, Robert, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Law, Robert, B.A. Ph. B., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1889.
Henderson, Thomas, M.A., Queen's University, Dublin, 1889.
McGarrigle, Thomas A., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1889.
Miller, John J., B.Sc, Dalhousie University,  Halifax, 1889.
Cogswell, Oliver H., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1890.
Cowperthwaite, Frederick M., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1890.
*Goward, Henry, M.A., London University, England, 1890.
*MacGill, James H, B.A, Trinity College, Toronto, 1890.
Robinson, Alexander, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1890.
Chambers, Miss Mary M., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
Kerr, John H., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
*McInnes, William W. B., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
*McMillan, John, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1891.
Russell, Ernest IL, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
*Young, Frederick McB., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
*Burns, William, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1892.
Laing, Frederic William, B.A., University of Toronto, 1892.
*Roe, Edward Price, B.A., Trinity College, Dublin, 1892.
Schuyler, Hiram Hartley, B.A., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1892.
Burnett, William Brenton, B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Ellenwood, William Rogers, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1893.
*Fullagar, Lewis Henry, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Henry, Joseph Kaye, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Laffere, Richard Lawson, B.A., University of Dublin, 1893.
Moore, Samuel, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1893.
Pineo, Albert J., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Robinson, David McGee, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Robinson, George Edward, B.A, Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Shaw, James Curtis, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Turner, Henry Birkett, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Gordon, Robert George, 1893. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lv.
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PART III.
APPENDICES.
1V11. lx.                                           Public Schools Report.
1894
First Class, Grade A.—Concluded.
*Aiton, William, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1894.
*Anderson, David, M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1894.
*Lawson, John Patton, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1894.
*McKay, John, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1894.
*Macfarlane, Andrew Kerr Hastings, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston,
1894.
*Muir, John N., B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1894.
Simpson, John, M.A., University of Toronto, 1894.
*DePencier, Henry Percy, 1894.
Heath, Neil, 1894.
Hughes, Miss Leonora Evangeline, 1894.
*Moscrop, Miss Susanna, 1894.
First Class, Grade B.
McKay, John L.,                                      1888.
Norcross, James Edward,
1893.
*Lee, Miss Alice G.,                                      n
Johnston, Robert Cullen,
il
Sutherland, Daniel W.,                                n
McNeill, Angus B.,
11
Pickard, Miss Millie,                                     n
Buchanan, John Donald,
II
*Ganton, James B.,                                    1889.
*McLeod, James R.,
11
Tomlinson, William,                                      n
Galloway, James,
11
*Smith, John F.,                                              „
Norris, Thomas Alfred,
'1
Netherby, Stephen B.,                                n
Baxter, Truman Smith,
H
Dougan, James,                                              it
Gillis, John D.,
II
Wood, Edward S.,                                    1890.
Stewart, Allan C,
11
Shaw, John,                                                     n
Johnston, Miss Bessie W.,
11
Sylvester, Miss Elizabeth E.,                       n
Templer, Miss Ada May,
II
*McDougall, Miss Katharine,                   1891.
Shepherd, Samuel,
il
Tom, Gregory H.,                   1891 and 1892.
Hoy, James A.,
11
*Sparling, Robert,                                        1891.
Irwin, Joseph,
II
Purdy, Raffles A. R.,
Phelps, William H.,
1894.
Hawkey, Richard J.,                                     n
Hands, Jonathan Griffith,
M
Jamieson, George W.,                                 n
*Taylor, Miss Agnes,
11
Fraser, Robert,                                          n
Maclean, Miss Margaret Cassilis,
M
Cameron, Miss Agnes Deans,                 1893.
Leith, Thomas,
11
*Campbell, Eli J.,
*Shrapnel, Miss Edith Mary Scrope,
11
Coatham, William Cammish,                      n
Barton, Heber B.,
11
Gilchrist, Alexander,                                    n
Spragge, Miss Amy,
11
Horton, Miss Lucretia,                               n
McPherson, Osborne,
II
McRae, George W.,                                     n
McMillan, Michael,
11
Murray, Paul,                                                 n
Tait, Leonard,
M
Nicholson, Thomas,                                     m
Curry, Arthur William,
11
*Offerhaus, Mrs. Mary Amelia,                    ii
*Skinner, Miss Mary Dorothea,
ii
Rogers, Miss Ellen,                                     n
*Howe, Miss Hattie B.,
11
Sluggett, George Henry,                             n
*Bodwell, Miss Charlotte A. M.,
11
Wood, William Martin,                               n
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Miss Adelaide S.,
Halliday, James A.,
Caldwell, Mrs. M.,
McDougall, Miss Archena J. 58 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
lxi.
Second Class, Grade A.
McDonagh, William,
Johnston, Miss Bessie W.,
Bennett, John B.,
Barnes, Miss Catherine A.,
Strople, Norton,
Murchie, Miss Margaret J.,
Hartney, Miss Margaret,
Norcross, James E.,
Hall, Robert J.,
Shepherd, Samuel,
Dockrill, Miss Nettie,
Lawson, Miss Maria,
Duncan, Miss Christina A.,
King, Miss Eliza Jane,
Williams, Miss Ada J.,
Hopkins, Nicholas R.,
Robinson, Miss Edith E.,
Fraser, John A.,
Baxter, Truman S.,
Fletcher, Miss Marie L.,
Caspell,  Edmund,
Caldwell, Miss Jennie,
Pearsall, Alfred J.,
Laffere, Henri Wilfred,
Trembath, Miss Emily Jane,
Macfarlane, Miss Minnie Jardine,
Russell, Miss Alexandrina,
Phoenix, Albert E.,
McKenzie, Francis James,
Cunningham, William J.,
Hay, Miss Alice,
Watkin, Robert,
Gordon, Miss Marion,
Ralph, Miss Ellen,
Macfarlane, Miss Rachael McKechnie,
Speirs, Miss Mary Elizabeth,
Robinson, Miss Sarah Ann,
McNutt, Miss Agnes H.,
Shine, Timothy Warren,
Morrison, Miss Florence,
McDowell, Miss Mary,
Kirkendall, George,
Campbell, Samuel Burns,
Johnston, Miss Alice Leonora,
Fraser, Miss Anna Elizabeth,
Bodwell, Miss Charlotte A. M.,
Lang, Miss Sarah Isabella,
Leith, Thomas,
Wintemute, Miss Hannah,
Bennett, Miss Ellen Christine,
Speers, Miss Elizabeth M.,
LePage, Miss Ethel Lucretia,
Bryant, Miss Mabel,
Hunter, Douglas McDonald,
Blair, Wesley,
Telford, Robert,
Barron, Miss Lizzie A. F.,
1890.
1891
1893
Stitt, Miss Una Muriel,
Ketcheson, Miss Annie,
Watson, Frederic James,
Cooke, Alfred William,
Doran, Edward F.,
Nickerson, Miss Laura Livingstone,
Hall, Miss Caroline M.,
Carscadden, Robert Howard,
Moss, Miss May Emily,
Hoidge, Henry John,
McLellan, Mrs. Ella Belle,
Sanderson, Miss Mina,
Watson, Harvey G.,
Elliott, Dawson H.,
Lyons, Miss Isabella,
Williams, Miss Mary,
Dowler, Miss Caroline A.,
Smeeton, William F.,
Millard, Miss Blanche L,
Delmage, Miss Nellie,
Allan, Robert H.,
Bovyer, George Mason,
Harding, Miss Mary Louise,
Templer, Mrs. Jennie,
Dockrill, Miss M. Melrose,
Cairns, Robert H,
McDonald, Mrs. Ida Maude,
Frank, Miss Pauline,
Smith, Miss Mabel Wyaston,
Mebius, Miss Jeannette,
Parkinson, Miss Emily,
Birks, David D.,
Magee, Miss Edith Gertrude,
Howitt, John,
Ramsay, Miss Jennie,
Dallas, Donald,
McQueen, Miss Jessie,
Reith, William,
Blackwell, Miss Seraph,
Walker, Miss Susie,
Carter, Miss Elizabeth Mary,
Kermode, Miss Sarah,
Acheson, William Clinton,
Mclntyre, Miss Mary C,
Sloan, Miss Marjorie,
Pope, Miss S. C. Ruth,
McMartin, Miss Jane Sophia,
Dalby, Miss Edith M.,
Tupper, James F.,
Lewis, Miss Alice Maude,
Winsby, William Norman,
Tingley, Miss Cora,
Tolmie, John A.,
Waller, Miss Annie Gordon,
Munsie, Miss Minnie Jane,
Denny, Miss Nora,
Wintemute, Miss Mary,
1893.
1894. lxii.                                         Public Schools Report.
1894
Second Class, Grade A.—Concluded.
Cade, John P.,                                            1894.
Miller, Miss Janet,
1894.
Edwards, Miss Caroline M.,                          n
McLean, John D.,
It
Galbraith, Hector James,                               n
Galbraith, Angus,
11
Kane, Miss Stella,                                         n
Matthew, Alfred H. P.,
11
McKinnon, Miss Kate M.,                           »
Spillman, Miss Margaret E.,
11
Welsh, Duncan James,                                   11
Second Class, Grade B.
King, John W. H,                                  1892.
Sutherland, James,
1893.
McLennan, Archibald D.,                           11
Ferguson, Miss Lena May,
McQueen, Miss Jessie,                                  m
Black, Miss Jean W.,
Tait, Leonard,                                           1893.
Homer, Miss Margaret Fritch,
Morrison, Frank Elihu,                                n
Monro, Miss Annie J.,
McDowell, Miss Martha,
Smith, Miss Mary Kennedy,
Dockrill, Miss M. Melrose,                        i,
Bradley, Miss Julia M.,
Tolmie, John A.,                                               n
Sinclair, James William,
Henderson, Magnus,                                        n
Johnstone, Miss Marion Baird,
Matthews, Miss Deborah Elizabeth,         n
Fraser, Miss Flora C,
Armstrong, Robert J.,                                 n
Lucas, Miss Mary,
King, Miss Edith Amy,                               u
Dobeson, Miss Mary Gray,
Kirkendall, Miss Jessie,                               n
Woods, Alfred Annesley,
Williams, Miss Sara Adelaide,                   n
Beattie, Miss Emily,
18
94.
Dowler, Miss Caroline Amelia,                 n
Sallaway, Joseph F.,
Fraser, Henry Archibald,                            n
Whitlaw, Laurence A.,
Stewart, Miss Anna Leighton,                   n
Ross, Duncan,
Howison, Arthur,                                          h
LeFeuvre, Miss Eva Anne,
Lewis, Miss Alice Maude,                          n
Arrowsmith, Miss Frances E.,
Christie, Miss Isabel Ramsay,                    n
Keast, Miss Ada,
Fletcher, Miss Marie,                                    n
Kinney, William Thomas,
Truswell, Miss Sarah,                                   n
Fawcett, Miss Grace Helen,
Graham, William Alexander,                     n
Lawson, Miss Ellen G.,
Dunkerley, Miss Ethel,                              m
Uren, Miss Fanny,
Northcott, Miss Orvilla,                             n
Orrell, Henry Summers,
Brown, William Clarence,                          n
Brown, Miss Mary Sybil,
Rhodes, Miss Amy Alice,                            ii
Rowe, John Arthur,
Christie, Miss Caroline Crichton,               n
Johnston, Miss Ethel Maude,
Powell, Miss Lottie May,                            n
Fraser, James D.,
Agnew, Miss Emily Campbell,                   u
Homer, Miss Mary Sophia,
Caldwell, Miss Eleanor Brandon,              n
Ackerman, Miss Myrtie B.,
Murton, Miss Sarah,                                     n
Patterson, Miss Jean,
Gordon, Alexander John,                            n
Creech, Miss Mary May
Blair, Miss Eliza J.,                                    n
Robotham, Miss Annie,
Martin, George Henry,                               ii
May, William H. M.,
Shrapnel, Miss Edith Mary Scrope,          n
Woodman, Miss May,
Stephenson, John Joseph,                          n
Cairns, Miss Kate,
Tucker, Henry,                                            n
Macfarlane, Miss Mabel O,
Preston, Miss Sara,                                        n
Webster, Miss Margaret Boyde,
Walker, Robert John,                                n
Babcock, Miss Mary,
Godson, Miss Mabel,                                   n
Webb, Miss Caroline L.,
Thomas, Miss Catherine J.,                        n
Bunting, Miss Mabel Grace,
Burns, Miss Margaret M.,                          n
Gallant, Domitian,
Tanner, Miss Rebecca,                               n
Withrow, Miss Gertrude H.,
McKay, Miss Minna Gertrude,                 n
Smith, Miss Kate Viola,
Lorimer, Miss Christina Taylor,                 n
Kendall, George,
Smith, Miss Katie Clement,                      n
Cunningham, William J.,
Smith, Miss Elsie May,                                m
McLellan, Miss Carolina,
Miller, Miss Janet I.,                                 n
Colquhoun, Miss Josephine, 58 Vict.                                   Public Schools Report.                                         lxiii.
Second Class, Grade B.—Concluded.
Brown, George A.,                                        1894.
Abercrombie, Miss Margaret,                     1894.
Rigney, William,                                           i
Campbell, Leonard A.,                                  n
Hartt, Miss Flora Edith,                             (
Edwards, Miss Lilias Meta,                         ii
Arthur, Miss Elsie May,                                i
Stevenson, David,                                            n
Nason, Miss Mary A. A,                              i
Mercer, Miss Mary,                                         n
Harding, Miss Elizabeth,                               i
Haldon, Miss Alice Maude,                           m
Wilson, Miss Nellie Groves,
Cathcart, Miss Isabel,                                   u
John, Miss Alice,                                          i
Moffatt, Miss Maud L.,                                „
Coghlan, Miss Ella S.,
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne Jane,                            n
Truswell, Miss Mary,                                    i
Noble, Miss Clara Anna,                               h
Lister, Miss Ellen,                                         i
Roberts, Miss Emily Florence,                    n
Howard, Miss Bessie,                                      i
McMillan, Miss Jeanie Boyd,                       n
McCallum, Miss Ada,                                   i
McLennan, Miss Annie,                               n
Beattie, Matthew,
Murray, Miss Elizabeth,                                 n
Thomson, Miss Dorathea M. M.,
Dolan, Miss Bridget,                                     n
Ravey, Martin James,
Irvine, Robert D.,                                            h
Lettice, Miss Edith M. N,
Strachan, Miss Jane Catherine,                   m
Fletcher, Miss Lizzie,
Porter, Miss Mary Lucy,                               it
Byrn, Miss Edith Louisa,                            i
Lawson, Miss Fanny,                                    m
McKenzie, Miss Kate M.,                      .     ,
Dewar, Donald J.,                                           n
Marshall, Miss Sarah,                                     ,
Robbins, Fenwick W.,                                    n
Nisbet, Miss Grace E.,                                  i
Blair, William,                                                  n
Blake, Miss Mary Jane,                                 i
McGregor, Miss Margaret,                             n
Southcott, Miss Florence,                             i
Norris, Miss Mary Elizabeth,                       ii
Ogle, Miss Carrie Elizabeth,                         i
Black, Miss Jessie Ann,                                 n
McLeod, Malcolm,                                         i
Agnew, Miss Margaret S.,                             m
Knapp, Thomas Edward,                             i
Crockford, Miss Ethel Julia,                       n
Elmsly, Miss Florence Nightingale,            i
Godson, Miss Grace Adelaide,                     n
Abernethy, Robert Merton,                          i
Stitt, Miss Angeline,                                       ii
Sherman, Ruyter Stinson,                              i
Sivewright, William,                                       n
Shaw, Alexander,                                             i
Harrison, Miss Alice V.,                              n
McLeod, Norman,                                            i
Miller, Miss Eva Isabel.                               «
Third Clas
3, Grade A.
Furness, Miss Katie,                                  1893.
Sharpies, Miss Elizabeth Jackson,           1894.
Wilkinson, Miss Mercy Ellen,                     M
Carmichael, Miss Ida Mary,                        n
Monk, James Hector,                                        n
Walker, Miss Frances Gordon,                     n
Elmsly, Miss Eliza,                                          „
Mebius, Miss Lucy Aylmer,                          n
Isaac, Miss Harriet,                                          n
Warren, Miss Clara Cecilia,                            n
Millard, Miss Gertrude R.,                            ,,
Trembath, Richard J.,                                      n
Walker, Miss Maud Margaret R.,              ,,
Gaudin, Miss Mabel Agnes,                          n
Haarer, Miss Mary Paulina,                         n
Reid, Miss Jemima,                                      n
McLennan, David,                                           n
Magee, Miss May Isabel,                             n
Robertson, Miss Jennie,                                m
Dixon, Miss Isabella,                                    n
Freeman, Miss Lena B.,                                 n
Sayer, Miss Elizabeth,                                    m
Marshall, Miss Sarah,                                     n
Muir, Miss Sarah Ferguson,                          n
Elsden, Miss Jessie M.,                                n
Thexton, Miss Edith Alice,                         u
Jesse, Miss Edith Maude,                            h
Stitt, Miss Eva Winifred,                            n
Plaxton, Robert James,                                  n
Miller, Miss Martha S.,                                »
Clyde, Thomas,                                              „
Livingstone, Miss Eliza Jeannette,             n
Keay, Miss Maude Sinclair,                        n
Schwengers, Miss Katharine Bertha,         n
Martin, Alexander,                                    1894.
Wood, Miss Mabel,                                          u
Kirkendall, Miss Lizzie,                               n
Scott, Miss Grace,                                         ii
Way, Miss Frances Amelia,                         n
Buchanan, Angus C,                                      n
Goddard, Miss Ellen Isabel,                          n
Harris, Miss Louise,                                      n
Lewis, Miss Edith,                                          i lxiv.                                          Public Schools Report.                                         1894
Third Class, Grade B.
Munroe, Miss Catherine,                            1894.
Renwick, Miss Lilian Rutherford,          1894.
Brown, William Clarence,                            n
Higginson, Miss Jane Elizabeth,                m
Hadwen, Miss Muriel Agnes,                       m
Lee, Miss Eleanor Annie,                            n
Barron, Miss Isabel M. F.,                          n
Grant, Miss Lillian May,                               n
Brechin, Robert,                                              n
Frank, Miss Evelyn May,                              n
Fawcett, Miss Jessie Louisa,                        n
Carmichael, Miss Annie Elizabeth,             n
Baldwin, Miss Vesta May,                            n
Richmond, Charles Stephen,                         n
DeBou, Miss Edith Sophia,                         n
Freure, Edward Wells,                                  n
Milligan, Miss Eliza,                                       M
Gilley, Miss Annie Lee,                                  n
Robertson, Miss Margaret Maud,                n
Harrap, Miss Eva Ellinor,                           »
Blair, Alfred,                                                        n
Canfield, Frank 0.,
McDowell, Miss Annie,                                  n
Norcross, Norman Joseph,                             p
Wolf, Miss Martha Pauline,                        n
Cameron, Miss Florence Selina,                   n
Keyes, Robert Graham,                                 n
Ogilvie, William Prescott,                             n
McTaggart, Miss Isabella,                             n
Raper, Miss Emily,                                         n
Spragge, Miss Phoebe,                                     n
Dyker, Miss Jennie,                                        n
Sylvester, Miss Louise Meriam,                    n
Sutherland, Miss Lilias Florence,                n
Lindsay, Malcolm A. F.,                                n
Lucas, Miss Leona Mary,                               n
Kidd, Miss Ruby May,
Trenholme, Miss Hattie,                                n
Young, Miss Harriett,                                      n
Macfarlane, Miss Edith M.,                          n
Wright, John,                                                   ii
Teague, Miss Julie Alexandrienne,             n
Lewis, Miss Linnie,                                         n
McElmon, Miss Ethel,                                  ..
McGregor, John Charles,                             m
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C,                            n
Trembath, Miss Mary Agnes,                       n
Bodwell, Miss Louise Harwood,                  n
Fraser, William John,                                    n
Loat, Miss Jane Gertrude,                           n
Armstrong, Miss Jean,                                 n
Green, Miss Constance H. R.,                     n
Johnson, Miss Jennie Alice,                          n
Ward, Miss Mary Ellen,                                ,,
Currie, Miss Flora May,                                 m
Argyle, Miss Jennie,                                       ii
Robertson, Alexander John,                         h
Murray, Miss Annie,                                      n
McDowell, Miss Margaret,                            n
Fraser, Miss Bessie,                                      n
Prank, Miss Annie,                                         n
De la Goostrey, James,                                   n
Nicholas, Miss Minnie Eleanor,                  m
Fraser, Miss Margaret,                                 n
Temporary Certificates Granted on the Application of Boards of Trustees.
*Dixon, Miss Isabella, New Westminster.
*Hands, Jonathan G., Duncan.
*Phelps, William H, Barkerville.
*Harris, Miss Louise, Maria Slough.
Reith, Miss Bella, Waneta.
*Trembath, Richard J., South Aldergrove.
*Warren, Miss Clara C, Moodyville.
*Babcock, Miss Mary, Rosed ale.
* Obtained a Certificate at Teachers' Examination
 :
, 1894,
0:	 58 Vict. Public Schools Report.
ixix.
Rural Schools.
Belmont Phoebe A. Mclnnes.
Cadboro Jane L. Knight.
p  ,     o      , /David J. Thomas,
 \ Alexander Stewart.
Chilliwhack, South Mildred Wells.
~       n -r.   • • I Jessie S. Clemitson,
Grand Prairie . <-.T       -„ .    -,
(Mary Pnngle.
Maple Ridge Lizzie H. Armstrong.
,,r , ,     . ("Christian Alex. Helgesen,
Metch0Sln    {Charles Whitlaw.
[Hulet M. Wells,
Mission -j Laura Tingley,
(Marie Murray.
Mountain Vyvyan H. Walkem.
Mt. Lehman   j John McCallum,
[Jennie bweeney.
North Nanaimo Lucy Gibson.
North Arm    Frena B. Daniels.
Prairie   Elsie D. Plaxton.
Prospect Elizabeth L. Brooks.
Puntledge (Mary O. Dingwall,
&    \Thomas Parkin.
a      . ,   ,T   ., I Sarah A. Mills,
Saanich, North { William Horth,
Yale William C. Revsbech.
Special Examinations, 1894.
Alfred Blair,  New Westminster, Anna Stitt, Vancouver,
Agnes Taylor, Vancouver, Frances A. Way, Victoria,
Eleanor H. Stitt, Vancouver, Paul Higgins, Victoria.
Total number of applicants examined         523
Total number of applicants passed    257 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxv.
APPENDIX B.
Medallists for 1894.
The medals presented by His Excellency the  Governor-General were awarded on result
of written examinations, as follows :—
1. Miss Edith Mary Scrope Shrapnel,  Silver Medal,  presented  for  competition in  the
Victoria High School.
2. Miss Jean Patterson, Bronze Medal, presented for competition in the New Westminster
High School.
3. Arthur David Morgan,  Bronze  Medal,  presented  for  competition in the Nanaimo
High School.
4. Miss Dorothy Allison, Bronze Medal,  presented for competition  between  the  Boys'
School and the Girls' School, Victoria.-
5. Miss   Elizabeth   Sharpies,   Nanaimo   Girls'   School,    Bronze   Medal,   presented   for
competition between the Graded Schools of the Cities of Nanaimo and New Westminster.
List of Successful Candidates for Entrance to a High School.
Semi-annual Christmas Examinations,  1893.
Nanaimo Boys' School.
John W. Sharpies, Benjamin McKenzie,
Ingram E. Clark.
Nanaimo Girls' School.
Annie M. Woodman, Alice Langill.
New Westminster Boys' School.
Alexander McQuarrie, Arthur F. C. Herring,
Ernest Fraser, Edward James Cosens,
William Giffbrd, Ernest C. Barclay,
Frederic Patterson, Harold Fearenside,
Robert John Johnson.
New Westminster Girls' School.
Flora McNeil Robinson, Janet M. McN. DesBrisay,
Jane Arthur, Flora McD. Bell,
Margaret E. Welch, Abigail A. Young.
Sapperton School.
George Kendall, William Stott, Ixvi.
Public Schools Report.
1894
Vancouver Central School.
-■
Herbert G. Selwood,
Alexander Allan,
David McLaren,
Frank Springer,
Samuel Wark,
Gertrude Charleson,
Esther Robinson,
Sarah L. Marsden,
Ida L. Marshall,
Alexander Matheson,
Ethelyn M. Fox,
George, M. Matheson,
Margaret McLean,
Lily Hooper,
Donald E. McTaggart,
Henrietta Robinson,
Archibald McLaren.
Vancouver East School.
Hector A. Fowler.
Vancouver West School.
William G. Breeze,
Ernest W. Stark,
Thomas W. Mather,
Wilhehnina Moss,
Mabel Armstrong,
Charles B. Worsnop,
Nellie Cornish.
Mt. Pleasant School.
Lydia M. Garrison,
Robert 0. Boult.
Victoria Boys' School.
Hans Kroeger,
Clarence McL. O'Brian,
Edgar M. Burns,
James McD. Milne,
Morris W. Thomas,
Effie M. Greenfield,
Henry E. Pridham,
Ernest C. Pendray,
Norman Cuthbert,
William H. Bland,
Cecil E. Berkeley,
William L. Roberts,
Wallace W. Berridge,
Edward Kermode,
Walter B. Smith,
Henry T. Boyd,
James A. Bland,
Kenneth P. Wollaston,
William W. Northcott,
Ewen J. Cameron,
John H. McConnell,
Thomas M. Hickey,
Arthur 0. B. Norton-Taylor,
Edward George.
-
Victoria Girls' School.
Beatrice J. Tobin,
Mabel V. Sylvester,
Alice E. Dalby,
Agnes Robinson,
Sarah A. Eckersley,
Pearl W. Fleming,
Eva S. Shrapnel,
Cora H. Loat,
Emily H. Cox,
Winnifred J. Creech,
Annie Cathcart,
Evis J. Mills,
Florence N. Mallett,
Mabel B. Estes,
Blanche C. Couves.
Victoria Central Branch
School.
John L. Colbert,
Alfred L. Nicolle,
Alfred G. Herd.
Wellington School
George Leighton.
Kamloops School.
Arthur Foster Lauder,
Ruby May Kidd, 58 Vict. Public Schools Report. lxvii.
Rural Schools.
Gordon Head Isaac E. Somers.
TT , f Alice Hilbert,
Harewood    < ,..,.     -r,     -,,
I Olive Handle.
Junction Phoebe J. Bond.
Kaslo Charles W. Ewart.
Somenos Norman J. Norcross.
Southfleld Mabel Cairns.
( Dorothy Norton,
Vesuvius   < Walter Norton,
( George Anderson.
Special Examinations, 1893.
Herbert M. Lloyd, New Westminster, M.artha I. Struthers, Vancouver,
Eliza J. Livingstone, Vancouver, Mabel L. Dafoe, Vancouver,
Beatrice M. Wilkinson, Vancouver, William N. Winsby, Victoria,
Hattie S. Howe, Vancouver, Elsie May Arthur, Victoria,
Olga E. McAlpine, Vancouver, Wm. Russell Fraser, Victoria,
Bertha Turner, Vancouver, Elizabeth P. Northcott, Victoria,
Isabel Leeming, Victoria.
Semi-Annual Midsummer Examinations,  1894.
Graded Schools.
Nanaimo Boys' School.
Arthur Webb, Herbert Frank Davis,
Robert Donaldson, John G. Morgan,
Patrick H. O'Connell, Henry Dempster,
Joseph Dykes.
Nanaimo Girls' School.
Elizabeth Sharpies, Charlotte Barrett,
Emma Olmstead, Mary Ramsay,
Gertrude McKinnon.
New Westminster Boys' School.
Welland R. Gordon, Garnet P. Grant,
Frederic M. Hall, Paul G. Morrison,
James W. Hall, Percival G. Cudlip,
Anthony C. Clarke, Robert Gunn,
William A. Jones.
New Westminster Girls' School.
Bessie G Eastman, Ethel G. Wardle,
Alice M. Philip, Bessie Burr,
Maud A. Charleson, Elizabeth McC. Bell.
Vancouver Central School.
Sarah L. Tracy, Margaret B. Clark,
Alexander B. Gordon, Arthur Moscrop,
Archibald H. Fee, Ida A. Madill,
Jessie Clements, Hugh St. G. Hamersley,
William A. Morris, Maud Macnider,
Gertrude L. Standfield, Flora J. Oppenheimer,
Gertrude E. Howe. lxviii. Public Schools Report. 1894
Vancouver  East School.
Sadie Cameron, John Foster, Beatrice Young.
Vancouver West School.
B