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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE YEAR… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1896

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 REPORT
OP   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
OP   THE   PROVINCE   OF
EEITISH   COLUMBIA,
FOR  THE
YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER,
1895.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Richard Wouhmden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty,
1896. 59 ViCT. Publtc Works Report. 353
REPORT
OP   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS.
1895.
To   the  Honourable  Edgar   Dewdney,   Lieutenant-Governor  of   the   Province   of  British
Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
Herewith I beg respectively to submit the Annual Report of my Department, in compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Act.
G. B. MARTIN,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, December Slst, 1895 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 355
REPORT.
Victoria City District.
Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
The work of construction has been carried on during the past season in a most satisfactory
manner. The mason's work on the central building has been completed, the roofing is
nearly finished, and the work of the other trades is well advanced. The superstructure
of the wings is being rapidly proceeded with. All the buildings will probably be ready
for occupation next winter.
Necessary but unimportant repairs have been made to the old Government Buildings, to
the Provincial Gaol, and to Government House.
The Law Courts have been roofed with galvanized iron by Messrs. Perry & Turner,
contractors, at a cost of $1,075. Some alterations and improvements have been made
to the buildings and fittings.
South Victoria District.
Oak Bay School House.
Thomas Ashe, Contractor, $795.
Provided all plant, labour, and material requisite; erected and completed a frame building 28 feet by 48 feet, in conformity with plans and specifications, enclosed with rustic
siding, lathed, plastered, and hard finished; wainscoted all round over mortar coat;
double flooring , with deadening between; two cloak and hat rooms, fitted with cloak
hooks, &c.; two separate entrances, map pulleys, blackboards of matched and glued
cedar all round the school-room ; patent transom lifters, &c, &c. ; painted in two-coat
work throughout; fenced the lots and erected necessary outbuildings.
W. H. Snider, Superintendent.
April and May.
Wilkinson Cross Road.
W. D. Auckland, Poreman.
Re-graded 250 yards, 20 feet wide.
Excavated earth,   75      n      23        n 1 foot 6 inches deep.
Filled in 75     „     23        „        1    „   6
Macadamized       870      n      10        n 6 n
Made general repairs, 356 Public Works Report. 1895
May.
Gordon Head Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Gravelled 851 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleared out ditches and made general repairs.
Craigplower Cross Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Built a new bridge over the Arm at Craigflower.
Cleared jam from bridge near Burnside.
Durance Cross Road.
M. J. Dean, Foreman.
Grubbed 150 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    150     „      20
Filled in   20      „        3
Moved bridge to straighten road, and made general repairs.
June.
Butler's Cross Road.
Gravelled 364 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs.
South Saanich Cross Road.
Ditched 250 yards.
Gravelled 295 yards.
Made one culvert, 3 feet by 2 feet.
Made general repairs.
John's Cross Road.
Grubbed  100 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    500      „      20        ,,
Filled in    35      n      25 n 1 foot 6 inches deep.
Gravelled  90      „        9        „ 5 „
Made one timber culvert, 30 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Made two pipe culverts, 24 feet.
Brook's Cross Road.
Gravelled        500 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Macadamized 600      n      9 n 6 u
Made general repairs.
Carey Road and Glandford Avenue.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Excavated earth, 50 yards, 22 feet wide, 1 foot 6 inches deep.
Filled in 50      n      22        „ 1     „    6 „
Macadamized    1300      ..      10        n 7
Made two pipe culverts, 22 feet long.
Built one bridge, 22 feet by 20 feet by 6 feet.
Cleared out ditches and made general repairs, 59 Vict. .     Public Works Report. 357
Granville Avenue.
Stoned 48 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 168      „      10 „ 6
Made one culvert, 20 feet long.
Put in 1400 feet of new plank cover for bridge.
Holland Avenue.
Stoned        80 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 275      „      10        „ 6
Made general repairs.
Burnside Road.
Gravelled 211 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Made four pipe culverts.
Made two plank culverts.
Built one bridge, 14 feet by 18 feet by 7 feet.
Put in 100 feet of pipe for culverts on Burnside Road.
Prospect Lake Road.
Stoned 200 yards.
Gravelled   475     „
Made general repairs.
Gordon Head Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Gravelled 333 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes with gravel and made general repairs.
Feltham Road.
Gravelled 100 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes with gravel and made general repairs.
July.
Cordova Bay Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Forest cleared 400 yards, 10 feet wide.
Gravelled 150      n      10 n 6 inches deep.
Made one culvert, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1| feet.
Filled holes with gravel, cleared ditches, and made general repairs.
Cedar Hill Cross Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Gravelled 450 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made three culverts, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Built one bridge, 12 feet by 24 feet by 4 feet.
Repaired stone wall at each side of bridge and made general repairs.
Alder Street.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Grubbed 140 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made one culvert, 20 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Cut down hillocks and filled in holes, 358 Public Works Report. 1895
Nicholson's Cross Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Gravelled 450 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made three culverts, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Made one pipe culvert.
Cleared ditches and made general repairs.
Cross Road from Elk Lake to Cordova Bay.
Forest cleared 2096 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 2096      ,<      10
Graded 2096      „      10
Gorge Cross Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Made one culvert, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1^ feet.
Dug tile drain from culvert and made general repairs.
September.
Cedar Hill Road'.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Gravelled 1420 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches and made general repairs.
King's Cross Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Stoned        20 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 300      ..       9        ,. 6 „
Made three culverts, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Built one bridge, 12 feet by 20 feet by 5 feet.
Built stone wall on each side of bridge and made general repairs.
October and November.
West Saanich Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Gravelled 1000 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made two culverts, 25 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Cleaned out ditches, filled in holes with gravel, cut out fallen timber, and made general
repairs.
October.
Finerty's Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Forest cleared 125 yards.
Re-graded        400      n
Gravelled 70      n      10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repaired one culvert and made general repairs.
South Saanich Cross Road.
M. J. Dean, Foreman.
Re-planked one bridge. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 359
October and November.
Saanich Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Gravelled 770 yards.
Prospect Lake Road.
W. D. Auckland, Foreman.
Gravelled 95 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Burnside Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Macadamized 948 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 in. deep.
Gravelled        899      „      10        ., .6
Raised and repaired bridge, cleaned out ditches,  broke rocks on hill, and made general
repairs.
November.
Sinclair Cross Road.
Ditched 150 yards, 2 feet wide.
Filled in 20      „    12        „ 1| feet deep.
Made one pipe culvert, 16 feet.
Telegraph Bay Road.
Filled holes with gravel and made general repairs.
Lansdowne Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Re-graded 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled  360      n      12 n 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches and made general repairs.
Cadboro Bay Road.
W.  H.  Snider, Foreman.
Cribbed       20 yards, 3 feet wide.
Filled in      30      ,,    30        n 1 foot deep.
Stoned       200      n    10        n 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 380      „    10 m 6 „
Made one culvert, 20 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Lengthened culvert and widened fill.
Raised  fill   1J  feet,  cleaned  out  ditches,  filled  in  holes with gravel, and made general
repairs.
Richmond Road.
R. Scott, Foreman.
Ditched 400 yards, 2 feet wide.
December.
Saanich Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Macadamized 175 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out culverts and ditches, filled  up holes and ruts with  macadam, and made
general repairs. 360 Public Works Report. 1895
Carey's Road.
Macadamized 50 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes with macadam and made general repairs.
Ardersier Road.
Built one bridge.
Made one culvert, 4 feet by 3 feet by 24 feet long.
Laid two plank sidewalks and cleaned out ditches.
Granville Avenue.
Stoned 40 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made one culvert, 20 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Removed large stump, cleaned out ditches, and laid 250 feet of sidewalk.
North Victoria District.
North Saanich.
John Newbigging, Foreman.
June.
West Road.
Gravelled 640 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 2 bridges, 22 feet by 16 feet.
Built stone wall, 200 feet long, 2 feet high, backed up with earth to prevent sea from
washing away the road.
Second Street, Sidney'.
Gravelled 108 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Bazan Street.
Gravelled 108 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
School Street.
Re-graded 505 yards.
Deepened ditches, 650 yards.
July.
Breed's Cross Road.
Grubbed 320 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded    320     n      16       n
Excavated rock, 15 cubic yards.
West Road.
Gravelled 260 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 32 feet by 17 feet, 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 361
September and October.
School Street, Sidney.
Filled or raised 250 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 30 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Gravelled 505 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Beacon Avenue.
Gravelled 950 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 38 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
Salt Spring Island.
Joseph Nightingale, Foreman.
Mountain Road.
Forest cleared, grubbed, and graded, 125 yards, 14 feet wide.
Ditched 200 yards, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cribbed up and filled in 45 yards, 16 feet wide, 10 feet deep.
Excavated rock 60    m        14 n 5 n
Made 3 culverts averaging 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Central Settlement Roads.
Forest cleared, 800 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 900    „       14        „
Ditched 1000    „ 2 feet by l\ feet.
Gravelled 2500    n 7 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Made 16 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
North End Roads.
Grubbed and graded   1150 yards, 14 feet wide.
Corduroyed 40    n       10        n
Gravelled 1100    n 7        u        5 inches deep.
Made 8 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by feet.
Burgoyne Bay Roads.
Forest cleared and grubbed, 740 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded, 1750    „       12        „
Gravelled 1530    n 7        m        5 inches deep.
Corduroyed 75    n       12        »
Made 10 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Beaver Point Roads.
Graded       700 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled,  300    n 7 h        5 inches deep.
. Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet. 362                                           Public Works Report.
1895
Mayne Island.
Wm. Deacon, Foreman.
Main Road.
Forest cleared, 175 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed            200    „       10
Graded              250    t,       10
Ditched             240    „
Gravelled          500    n       10        n         6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 1 foot by 1 foot by 14 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 90 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
Filled ruts, cleaned out ditches, and  general  repairs  on
Village Bay Roads.
this  and  the  Lighthouse  and
Robson's Road.
Gravelled 200 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cut out trees, filled ruts, and made general repairs.
Pender Island.
John Liddell, Foreman.
Clam Bay Road.
Forest cleared, 600 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed              20    „       10
Graded              800    „       10        ,,
Made 1 culvert, 2 feet by 12 feet by 2 feet.
Main Road.
Grubbed               10 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded               900    „       12
Ditched              150    „         1|      ii
Corduroyed          12    n        14         n
Excavated rock     5     n          2 feet deep.
Gravelled             80    m       12 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts.
Branch Road.
Forest cleared, 300 yards, 14 feet wide.
Spalding and Loage Road.
Forest cleared, 100 yards, 14 feet wide.
Graded,             500    „       10
Corduroyed         35    u       12         n
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet by 12 feet by 3 feet.
- 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 363
Galliano Island.
E. G. Winstanley, Foreman.
Road from School-house to Seabrook's.
Built 1 bridge, 27 feet long and 12 feet wide.
n    1     „ 24        ., n    12
Graded 390 yards, 10 feet wide.
Corduroyed 123 feet,    10        n
Ditched 358 yards.
Road from Murchison's to Wright's.
Cut out new road 120 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 120    „        10
Built a new bridge, 60 feet long, 12 feet wide, 12 feet high in centre, with 5 bents, and
covered with split cedars.
Road on North-west end of Island, across Sections 87, 88, and 83.
Cut out 2 miles of new road, 14 feet wide.
Removed all logs and brush.
Wharves.
The Galliano and Mayne Island wharves were repaired and improved by A. Raynes and
Wm. Clark.
James Island Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Built a wharf, 60 feet long, with extension 60 feet by 30 feet.
Vesuvius Bay Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Repaired the old wharf and drove several new piles.
Esquimalt District.
Arthur Peatt, Superintendent.
January.
Miller's Road.
Macadamized 140 yards, 8 feet wide.
Craigflower Road.
Gravelled 145 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Happy Valley and Sooke Road.
Made 3 new cedar culverts; cut out  brush on Happy Valley Road; made 2 new cedar
culverts, and repaired 3 ; cut out brush on the Metchosin Road for about one mile. 364 Public Works Report. 1895
April.
Craigflower Road.
Put in 1 new pipe culvert; gravelled 60 yards, 8 feet wide; filled up ruts and holes.
Craigflower Cross Road.
Filled up ruts and holes; filled up approaches to Craigflower Bridge; cut out brush
between Craigflower and Parsons' Bridge.
Esquimalt Road.
Cleared out 194 yards of ditch at the Naval Canteen.
May.
Metchosin Cross Road.
Made 1340 yards new road, 10 feet wide; cribbed 440 yards; blasted out 36 yards of
rock; built 1 bridge, 10 feet long, covered with cedar 14 feet wide; made 3 new cedar
culverts, 4 feet by 14 feet; removed stones and roots from old road.
May and June.
Rocky Point Road.
Re-formed 271 yards, 16 feet wide; made 312 yards of road, 16 feet wide; put in 3 cedar
culverts, 4 feet by 18 feet; filled up ruts and holes with gravel, and cleaned out ditches
between Smart's and Vine's.
June and July.
Beecher Bay Road.
Made 814 yards new road, 14 feet wide; cribbed 163 yards from 2 to 11 feet high, with
protection rail; put in 2 cedar culverts, 4 feet by 16 feet; made 215 yards filling;
blasted out 55 yards rock; macadamized 80 yards, 8 feet wide, covered with gravel 6
inches deep.
Sooke Road (between the Forks of the Happy Valley Road and the Burnt Timber).
Re-formed 1941 yards, 14 feet wide; gravelled 447 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
cut down 1 hill 4| feet, filled up bottom; made 361 yards cribbing; blasted out 26
yards rock; made 11 new cedar culverts, 4 feet by 18 feet; filled up holes and ruts
with broken stones and gravel; cut out roots, and picked off all stones.
Sooke Road (between Charters' and Throup's).
Made a new piece of road, 400 yards, 16 feet wide; ditched, gravelled throughout, 10
feet wide, 6 inches deep; put in 1 new cedar culvert, 4 feet by 18 feet; cut out fallen
timber.
Helgesen's Road, Metchosin.
Made 472 yards of road, graded 8 feet wide.
Williams' Road to the Esquimalt Lagoon.
Re-formed 420 yards, 15 feet wide, crowned 1 foot.
July and August.
Otter Point Road.
Made 2500 yards nearly new road; filled 294 yards; blasted out 33 yards rock ; ditched
450 yards; made 12 new cedar culverts, 4 feet by 16 feet; made 80 yards cribbing;
built 2 new bridges, one 12 feet by 24 feet long, 8 feet high, one 12 feet by 80 feet
long, 18 feet high, covered with split cedar covering; repaired two bridges, and cut out
brush. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 365
Campbell's Road.
Made 300 yards of road, 10 feet wide ; put in 1 new cedar culvert.
Breeley's Road.
Made a new road, 1344 yards, 12 feet wide; built 1 bridge, 130 feet long, 12 feet wide,
covered with split cedar; made three cedar culverts, 4 feet by 14 feet long.
The Milne Road.
Re-formed 80 yards, ditched on both sides, 14 feet wide.
Millstream Road.
Re-formed 1198 yards, 10 feet wide; cut down 6 hills 1J to 4 feet, 249 yards; filled up
bottom of hills, 143 yards; made 2 new cedar culverts ; repaired 3 bridges; blasted
out rock and boulders; filled up ruts and holes.
Scaife and Stewart's Road.
Re-formed 127 yards, 12 feet wide; gravelled 50 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep; put
in 1 culvert.
August.
Muller's Road.
Made 100 yards new road, 20 feet wide, ditched on both sides; put in 1 cedar culvert.
Beecher Bay Road.
Re-formed 240 yards, 12 feet wide; gravelled 564 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep; made
130 yards new road, 14 feet wide; ditched 110 yards; put in 2 cedar culverts; built
1 bridge, 12 feet wide, 20 feet long; cut out fallen timber.
Tugwell Creek.
Built 1 bridge, 185 feet long, 12 feet wide, 68 feet span, resting on two solid timber cribs
filled with rock; re-formed 75 yards of road, 12 feet wide; filled in approaches.
John Muir's Road.
Gravelled 150 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep; built 1 bridge, covered with split cedar,
18 feet long, 12 feet wide; put in 1 cedar culvert.
September.
Muir Creek to Sherringham Point.
Ditched 283 yards; re-formed 144 yards; corduroyed 28 yards, 12 feet wide; put in 1
cedar culvert; trail near Coal Creek ditched 57 yards, re-formed 75 yards, corduroyed
132 yards, 6 feet wide; built 2 small bridges, 11 feet long; made 1 culvert; made a
new rough trail to Sherringham Point, 2093 yards long, 6 feet wide.
Road to Section 30, Parsons' Bridge.
Made a new road, 265 yards long, 15 feet wide, ditched on both sides.
October.
Lampson Street, Victoria West.
Macadamized 15 yards; gravelled 22 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; ditched 215
yards. 366 Public Works Report. 1895
Head Street, Victoria West.
Macadamized 247 yards; gravelled 67 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; filled up ruts
and holes with broken rock and gravel; on the old Esquimalt Road, repaired sidewalk
to Esquimalt and repaired the Battery Bridge.
Metchosin Road.
Put in 2 cedar culverts; repaired 1 bridge.
Mcller's Road.
Gravelled 130 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
November.
Happy Valley Road.
Made 240 yards of ditch ; repaired 1 bridge.
Craigflower Bridge.
Theo. West, Contractor, $786.
Furnished all plant,  labour,  and  material,  and  erected  a new bridge, 378 feet long, at
Craigflower, on the site of the old structure (one-half the cost was charged to Victoria
District).
San Juan Valley, Wharf Trail.
B. H. Kirkpatrick, Foreman.
Made a trail from the new wharf to the old trail, about half a mile long; forest cleared
from 20 feet to 25 feet wide ; grubbed from 8 feet to 10 feet wide ; built up and graded
the same width; improved the old trail to the creek on the Indian Reservation, and
built a bridge over the creek.
Granite Creek Trail.
James Grierson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3520 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 3520      .,        3 to 4 feet wide.
Graded 3520      ,.        3 to 4        „
Gordon River Trail.
James Grierson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2640 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 2640      ■■        3 to 4 feet wide.
Graded 2640      „        3 to 4
Wharf.
Wm. Clark, Foreman.
Built a good pile wharf and approach.
Goldstream School-house.
John McDonald, Contractor, $400.
Supplied all requisites and erected a building in accordance with the plans for country
school-houses.
Shawnigan School-house.
Geo. H. Moore, Contractor, $399.50.
Furnished all material and labour and erected a school-house as above. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 367
Oowichan-Alberni District.
Cowichan Division.
Riverside Road (extension to Mr. Boal's).
J. H. Blythe, Contractor.
Forest cleared 1930 yards, 16 feet wide.
Close chopped 1930    n       16        n
Graded 1930    ,. 8
Built the following bridges, each having 4 stringers,  14 inches diameter, and a roadway
12 feet wide:—
"A," 36 feet long, 7 feet high, 1 bent.
"B," 20        M 2
"C," 12        ti        2
"D," 20        i.        3
"E," 30 5 1 bent.
«F," 20        „        4
Riverside Road (deviation near Mr. Colvin's).
Thomas Colvin, Contractor, $74.50.
Forest cleared 418 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 418    „
Graded 418    „
Built a bridge, 66 feet long, 12 feet high, with two bents and a roadway of  12 feet wide,
cribbed at each end and filled to make good  approaches.     Bridge covered with 3-inch
sawn plank, and has a substantial hand-rail each side.
Marble Bay Cross-road (Cowichan Lake).
H. C. McLeod, Contractor, $49.50.
Forest cleared 407 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 407    n       12        „
Graded 407    it 8        n
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (Contracts 1 to 6 for general repairs to road).
No. 1.—Harold Norcross, Contractor, $43.
Grubbed   185 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded      185    n       18        tt
Gravelled 185    n 9 -      h 6 inches deep.
Made a culvert, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot, with necessary ditch and tail drain.
No. 2.—Harold Norcross, Contractor, $65.
Ditched, gravelled, and made general repairs from Stratford's Crossing to Mr. W. Davie's.
No. 3.—M. K. Smith, Contractor, $39.50.
Re-graded, ditched, gravelled  and made general repairs, and a culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet
by 1 foot, between Stratford's Crossing and bridge near Mrs. Greaves.' 368 Public Works Report. 1895
No. 4.—R. S. Smith, Contractor,
Re-graded, ditched, gravelled, made a culvert 16 feet wide by 2 feet by 1 foot, and general
repairs from near Mrs. Greaves' road to near Mr. Parker's.
No. 5.—T. P. Windsor, Contractor, $79.
Ditched, re-graded, gravelled, cut down hill to improve grade, made a box culvert 16 feet
by 1 foot by 1 foot, and general repairs from near Mr. Lloyd's to Hall's Crossing.
No. 6.—T. P. Windsor, Contractor, $41.
Re-graded, gravelled, and made general repairs from Hall's Crossing to Chemainus River
Bridge.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (Mr. Pimbury's to Mr. Corfield's).
Bridge Party.
William J. Shearing, Foreman.
January—Filled in washout near Clem-clem-a-lutz and several holes, and repaired damage
to Pimbury's bridge caused by floods.
February—Constructed and placed sheer-boom at Clem-clem-a-lutz bridge.
August—Repaired a large culvert with brush and rock.
Drove 1 pile for sheer-boom at Pimbury's bridge.
Drove 11 piles for sheer-boom at  Clem-clem-a-lutz  bridge, and filled in with brush and
gravel to protect river bank; also filled at end of bridge with rock, and screwed up
bolts and made sundry repairs to the bridge.
Gravelled 279 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 to 6 inches deep.
September—Filled in with brush and rock at south end of Pimbury's bridge to keep bank
from cutting.
Removed and cleared away a quantity of snags and drift wood from north end  of the
same bridge.
Cowichan Wharf.
June—Got out 13 new caps, 12 inches thick, and flatted same on two sides; got out 800
running feet of stringers, 12 inches thick, and flatted same on one side; drove 8
piles; repaired covering of wharf, using 6,000 feet of 12 by 3-inch planking.
July—Renewed hand-railing.
Flats, Koksilah Road (East Section).
Septembei—Repaired hand-rail and replaced 4 planks in covering of Koksilah River
bridge.
"A" Road Party.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
September, 1894, i0 March Slst, 1895—Cleared off windfalls and made general winter
repairs On South Shawnigan District roads.
Old Telegraph Road.
Alexander Maisonneme, Foreman.
June—Forest cleared 380 yards, 20 feet wide.
wruoDea
Graded
O       ll
460    m
1Z
12
It
tt
Excavated earth
35    „
12
II
1 foot deep.
Filled in
23    n
12
II
2 feet deep.
Gravelled
182    m
9
It
5 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 369
"A" Road Party.—Continued.
Fischer's Road. . .
June—Excavated earth 10 yards, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 362     n 9 n 5 inches deep.
Mill Bay Road
June—Graded      380 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 982     n 9 n 5 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Cleared out 250 yards of ditch.
Mill Road.
June—Graded 338 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled      130    n 9 n 5 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Made general repairs, and filled holes and ruts over 500 yards in length of road.
Hopkin's Cross-road.
June—Gravelled 70 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
June—Graded 265 yards, 12 feet wide.
Excavated earth    18     n        12 it 1 foot deep.
Filled in 17    .,       12        „ 1 „
Gravelled 300    m 9        m        6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Repaired 1 bridge.
Shawnigan Lake Road.
June—Graded 642 yards, 11 feet wide.
Ditched 232    „ 2        ,,
Excavated earth     61     m        12 n 1 foot deep.
Filled in 28    „       12        „ 1 „
Gravelled 732    n 8        m        5 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
August—Cleared out fallen timber (caused by forest fires).
Silver Mine Road.
June—Graded 237 yards, 10 feet wide.
Filled in ruts and made general repairs over 100 yards of road.
July—Graded 145 yards, 10 feet wide.
Excavated earth    24     n        10 n 2 feet deep.
Filled in 30    „       10        .. 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 56    n 8 n 4 im-hes deep.
Filled in ruts on 630 yards of road.
Shawnigan Lake Station Road.
July—Forest cleared 275 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 275      „      10        ..
Graded 275      „      10
Thain's Road.
July—Graded 280 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled     100      n        8        h 5 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot. 370                                            Public Works Report.                                        1895
"A" Road Party.—Concluded.
Chapman's (Cobble Hill) Road.
July—Forest cleared 450 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed                    170      n      12         „
Graded                     170      „      10        „
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Taggart and Cameron's Road.
July—Forest cleared 150 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed                     70      ,,      10        „
Graded                       60      .,      10
"C" Road Party.
George Mark, Foreman.
Cowichan River Road.
June—Gravelled 104 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Cleared out ditches 1500 yards in length.
Grubbed out 4 stumps.
Cleared away landslide.
Glenora Road.
June—Gravelled 91 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Filled in with gravel ruts and hollows   on 1185 yards of road.
Repaired 1 culvert.
August—Gravelled 695 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Filled in with gravel ruts and hollows on 713 yards of road.
South Sahtlam Boundary Road.
June—Excavated earth, 25 yards, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Filled in                          18      n      12         n        15 inches deep.
31      „      14        „       30
Filled in with gravel ruts and hollows on 128 yards of road.
Blasted out 1 stump.
Quamichan Boundary Road.
June—Excavated earth, 18 yards, 14 feet wide, 18 inches deep,
Filled in                        39      „        9        n          12
Gravelled                      440      „        9         ,.            6           „
Filled in with gravel ruts and hollows on 505 yards of road.
Blasted out 1 tree.
Repaired 2 culverts with cedar.
Flats-Koksilah Road (West Section).
June—Gravelled 134 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Filled in with gravel ruts and hollows on 150 yards of road.
Leakey's Road.
July—Grubbed 792 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded           792      „        9        „
Indian Road.
August—Grubbed                600 yards, 14 feet wide.
Cleared brush and logs, 1433      n      14        n
Made 2033 yards of foot trail. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 371
"D" Road Party (East Section).
Alexander Reid, Foreman.
Flats-Koksilah Road.
January—Filled in end of bridge washed out by high water.
Beach Road.
January—Cribbed 31 yards, 2 feet 6 inches deep.
Filled in 31      n      3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
March—Cleared out landslide and filled in end of bridge.
June—Gravelled 160 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Repaired covering of bridge near Marshall's.
July—Cleared out ditches, 720 yards.
Cribbed       54 yards, 3 feet deep.
Filled in   112      „      2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 238      n     9        n 4 inches deep.
Bear Valley Road.
January—Built 1  bridge, 34 feet long, 14 feet wide, 5 feet high, having 4 fir stringers,
15 inches diameter.
February—Re-erected railway gates at Hillbank Crossing.
June—Filled in 32 yards, 12 feet wide, 2\ feet deep.
Gravelled      119      n        8        n 4 inches deep.
McKennelley and Doupe's Road.
March—Gravelled 255 yards, 9 feet wide, and 4 inches deep.
Rounded up road (length, 2 miles).
RivbRSiDE Road.
February—Cleared out windfalls, repaired hand-rail  of  bridge,  and  cut down dead tree
endangering same.
Mountain Road.
March—Cleared out windfalls, repaired covering of a bridge and a culvert.
Old Koksilah Road.
February—Cleared out ditches.
June—Cleared out ditches, 243 yards,
Gravelled 775 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Old School-house Road.
June—Cleared out ditches, 210 yards.
Gravelled 652 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Lakeside Road.
June—Graded 70 yards, 14 feet wide.
Gravelled 107      n        8        n        4 inches deep.
July—Forest cleared 181      n      20        n
Re-graded 743      i,      14        n
Gravelled 280 9        „        4 372 Public Works Report. 1895
"D" Road Party (West Section).
John McPherson, Foreman.
Mountain Road.
June—Gravelled 150 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Grubbed and cut stumps and side roots.
Rounded up road, 320 yards, ready for gravelling.
duly—Gravelled 150 yards, 8 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Old Koksilah Road (alteration at Robertson's Creek).
June—Grubbed            60
yards,
20 feet wide.
Graded                      166
ii
14
Cribbed                     90
n
4 feet high.
Excavated earth,    105
ii
17 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Filled in                     60
it
17          „           U       „
Built 1 bridge, 42 feet
by 14 fet-t and 9 feet high.
July—Forest cleared 175
yards,
10 feet wide.
Graded                      200
it
14         „
Cribbed                     175
n
10
Excavated earth,    166
„
10         ii         3 feet deep.
Filled in                    98
ii
11        „        4|      „
Gravelled                100
n
9         ii         5 inches dee
August—Cleaned out ditches and gravelled ruts and hollows.
Repaired 1 bridge, putting in a new mud sill and 1 bent, 5 feet high.
Cut out trees burned down by bush fire and made general repairs.
Doupe and McKennelley's Road.
Made general repairs and gravelled road where badly washed.
August—Gravelled 160 yards, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (Somenos to Chemainus Section).
January and March—Ditched 50 yards, 1 foot wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 85 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repaired 4 culverts.
Cleaned out 200 yards of ditch.
Filled in 6 cubic feet of rock at bridge near Chemainus River.
Cleared away 3 jams of logs from bridges.
April—Covered 2 culverts with 3-in. plank.
Put one new mud-sill, 16 feet by 1 foot, under bridge near Mr. S. H. Davie's.
ii 14      ii      2 feet, n at Stratford's Crossing.
Gravelled holes and ruts, and made general repairs.
June—Reconstructed bridge over creek near Mr. S. H. Davie's.
"L" Road Party.
Henry E. Evans, Foreman.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (Somenos to Pimbury's Bridge).
February—Made a culvert, 18 feet by 3 feet by 1J feet.
General repairs.
March—Cut out and cleared away windfalls near the Catholic Church.
April—Renewed stringers in a culvert near Indian Johnny's.
Repaired covering of a bridge near Mr. Drinkwater's. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 373
' L " Road Party.—Concluded.
June—Cut out and cleared away windfalls near the Catholic Church.
Forest cleared 150 yards 10 feet wide.
Graded 960    „      22
Ditched 160    „        1
Gravelled      1,067    n        9        m        6 inches deep.
Made a culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Re-covered 1 bridge, 26 feet by 14 feet wide.
Repaired generally, 4 miles of road.
July—Made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 1|- feet by 1 foot.
September—Gravelled 252 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
:I" Road Party.
Hugh Bell, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake Road.
February—Cut out windfalls from Mouat's Swamp to Fraser's.
June—Forest cleared 472 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 472    „       10     ' .,
Graded 472    „       10
Ditched 272    „ 2
Gravelled 240    it 8        n 6 inches deep
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
July—Forest cleared 846 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed
846    „
10
Graded
846    ,i
10
Ditched
351     „
fl
Corduroyed
11     .,
12
Cribbed
8    „
3
Gravelled
446    ,.
8
6 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts, 16 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Cowichan Lake Road (East Section).
Peter Auchinachie, Foreman.
June—Forest cleared    450 yards
18 feet wide.
Grubbed
450
ii
10
ii
Graded
250
n
10
n
Cribbed
75
ii
Excavated earth
50
ii
10
ii          1 \ feet deep.
Filled in
40
ii
10
it         2         M
July—Forest cleared 1,072
n
18
ii
Grubbed
1,072
ti
10
ii
Graded
1,272
it
10
M
Cribbed
239
ii
U
feet high.
Excavated rock
20
ii
4 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Cut and filled in
279
ii
10
ti          2        it
Gravelled
40
„
9
it         6 inches deep
Made 2 culverts,
16 feet by
10 feet
ay 14 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 22 feet by 16 feet by
2\ feet high.
Sahtlam River Road.
July—Forest cleared 700 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 500      ,,      10        „
Graded 150      ,i      10
Filled in 54     t,      10        n        2\ feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet. 374 Public Works Report. 1895
;I" Road Party..—Concluded.
August—Forest cleared 1,800 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,300      ,.      10        ,,
Graded 1,650      ■■      10
Cribbed 20 2 feet high.
Excavated earth 54      n      10 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 75      „      10        „ 2        „
Gravelled 80      tt        8        n 6 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 12 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet.
Lengthened a bridge 15 feet, and removed it 100 yards and rebuilt same.
September—Cribbed 54 yards, 2 feet deep.
Excavated earth 120 yards, 4 feet wide 6 feet deep.
Generally repaired, removed roots, and filled holes and ruts on 1J miles of road.
Menzies' Road.
August—Re-graded 203 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 50      tt        1|- feet deep.
Gravelled 52      n        8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
'M" Road Party.
Charles Bayly, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake South Shore Road.
May—Cut out and cleared bad windfalls off the road.
June—Forest cleared 120 yards, 12 feet wide.
Cut out and removed all windfalls for a distance  of  1   mile 20  chains,  and cut and
removed some logs.
July—Cut out and removed logs 150 yards, 12 feet wide.
August—Cut out and removed logs 1,006 yards, 12 feet wide.
September—Cut out and removed logs 765 yards, 12 feet wide.
Cut out and removed windfalls 735 yards, up to Sutton's Creek.
October—Graded 140 yards, 8 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 13 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 5 feet high.
Filled in approach to bridge 14 feet, 12 feet wide, 3J feet deep.
' N " Road Party.
James Abernethy, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake North Shore Road.
March—Cut out windfalls from north arm of lake to Lakeside Hotel.
June—Forest cleared 148 yards, 14 feet wide.
Ditched
27
,       2
11
Corduroyed
20
,     12
tl
Excavated earth
20
,      12
tt
1^ feet deep.
Gravelled
52
8
11
4 inches deep.
dy—Forest cleared
776
,     14
tt
Graded
76
9
11
Excavated earth
26
,     10
It
4 feet deep.
Filled in
56
8
„
2\      „
Gravelled
87
8
II
5 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 12 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
August—Ditched 102 yards, \\ and 1 foot deep.
Gravelled 52      n      8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 12 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Rounded up 26 yards, 8 feet wide.
Repaired 395 yards of road generally. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 375
N " Road Party.—Conclut
led.
Hill Bank Road.
Forest cleared    1,400
Grubbed              1,400 '
Graded                1,400
Corduroyed              65
Cribbed                    80
Excavated earth      40
Filled in                   50
^ards
20 feet wide.
10
9
12
4 feet deep.
12 feet wide, 18 inches deep
10        „          18
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 16 inches by 18 inches.
Removed ^ mile of snake-fence off line of road and re-erected same.
Silver Mine Road (Extension to Langley's).
Forest cleared 1,900 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,900      „      10
Graded 1,900      „      10
Silver Mine Road (Trail or Extension beyond Langley's).
Forest cleared 3,520 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 3,520      n      3 n
Chemainus River Protection Works.
February—Clearing log jams after floods.
Cowichan River Protection Works.
February—General repairs to brush and gravel bank, necessitated by freshet.
July and August—Repaired, widened, and heightened brush  and gravel protection bank
near railway bridge.
Koksilah River Protection Works.
January—Cleared drift timber out of river, especially a jam at Clem-clem-a-lutz Ranch.
February—Cut long timber  and  cleared  log-jams  from  bridge at McPherson's to  tide
water.
August—From tide water for 5 miles up to Canyon, cut or burned long timber, and
burned piles of driftwood; blasted several large stumps and sodden logs.
Maple Bay School-house.
Wm. Herd, Contractor, $400.
Provided all labour and materials and erected a building in accordance with the general
design for country schools.
Alberni Division.
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road.
E. Le Gill, Foreman.
Grubbed 500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 1792    „       12        „
Ditched 2160    „ 4        „
Excavated rock    115    n 6        n        3 feet deep.
Gravelled 6066     n 7 n 6 inches deep.
Made 26 culverts, 14 feet by 1J feet by 1J feet.
Made general repairs as far as Cameron Lake, widening, cribbing, and making outlets for
the water. 376 Public Works Report. 1895
Mineral Creek Trail.
E. Le Gill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3550 yards, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed 3550    „       3
Graded 3550    „       3
Cribbed 2600    „       1 foot high.
Built 2 bridges, 22 feet long by 5 feet wide.
Cherry Creek, Townsite, and Roger Creek Roads.
E. Le Gill, Foreman.
Forest cleared
3847
yards,
12 feet
wide
Grubbed
3847
12
ti
Graded
4638
12
it
Ditched
2825
2i
„
Corduroyed
32
12
it
Filled in
15
12
ti
2 J feet deep.
Stoned
37
12
it
n
Gravelled
550
7
n
8 inches deep
Made 16 culverts, 16 feet wide by 2 feet by 1|- feet.
Cowichan-Alberni  Trail.
E. Le Gill, Foreman.
Forest cleared     75 yards, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 1942    „ 8
Graded 1992    „ 8
Cribbed 48    „ 3        „
Excavated rock  15    n 3        n        2 feet deep.
Filled in 12    „       10        „        2        „
Made 4 culverts, 12 feet wide by 2 feet by 1 foot.
McCoy Lake Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1000 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 1000    ,i       10
Graded 1000    ,.       10
Cribbed 20    i,        12 „
Built 3 bridges, 60 feet by 12 feet by 8 feet.
Reeve's Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Forest cleared     62 yards, 12 feet wide.
Corduroyed       100    n       11 n
Filled in 30    n       12 n 18 inches deep.
Gravelled 60    n 6 tt 6 n
Made two culverts, 2 feet by 12 feet by 1J feet.
Service's Road.
V. Ingam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 264 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed 264    „ 12        „
Graded 264    „ 12
Ditched 20    „ 2        n
Filled in 10    „ 12        ,,        2 feet deep. 59 Vict.                                  Public Works Report.
377
Fabers' Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Filled in 97 yards, 12 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Coleman's Road.
V. Ingram, Foreman.
Forest cleared 550 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed           550    n       10        n
Graded             550    „       10
Ditched              80    „         2
Sproat Lake Road.
V.  Ingram, Foreman.
Ditched      2000 yards, 2 feet wide, 18 inches deep.
Gravelled     134      n      6     n       n         6       n          n
Made 2 culverts, 12 by 2 by 18.
River Front Road,
V. Ingrain, Foreman.
Gravelled, 2500 yards, 12 feet wide.
Huff and Cox's Road.
Hilton Drinkwater, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,700 yards, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,700      „      12
Graded 1,700      „      12
Made 1 culvert.
Paper Mill Road.
Hilton Drinkwater, Foreman.
Grubbed 300 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded   300     ,,     18        .,
Ditched   300      ..
Made 3 culverts.
Wood's Road.
Hilton Drinkwater, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 880 yards, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 880      ,.      12
Graded 880      „      12        „
Beaver Creek Road.
Hilton Drinkwater.
Forest cleared 2,200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Grubbed 2,200      „      10        „
Graded 2,200      „      10        „
Ditched 4,400      „        21      „
Filled in 120      „      18        „        5 feet deep.
Made 4 culverts.
Gravelled 2,700 yards, 6 feet wide, 8 inches deep    .
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet by 20 feet by 5 feet. 378 Public Works Report. 1895
China Creek Road.
W. H. Bainbridge, Contractor,
Forest cleared and graded 5 miles, and made a firm road bed according to contract.
Extra mileage over and above contract,
Forest cleared and graded 1| miles, and made a firm road bed.
Alberni Wharf.
George Forrest, Contractor, $450.
Built a substantial wharf at a convenient site on Somas River.
Nanaimo City District.
New Court House and Government Offices, Nanaimo City.    Designed by F. M. Ratten-
bury, Architect.
Bradbury & Hurst, Contractors, $27,808.
Furnished all plant, labour, and material to erect and complete a stone building, 66 feet
4 inches by 64 feet, generally two stories high, though a part of the building is carried
up to three stories, and a fire-proof cellar for the heating plant.
The foundation up to ground floor is of granite, ashlar coursed, laid on concrete, and the
walls are built of rock faced ashlar coursed sandstone, quarried on Protection Island.
All entrance steps are of granite, and all internal and division walls are of brick.
On the Ground Floor are the offices for the Government Agent, Assessor and Collector,
the Inspector of Mines, Registrar of the Supreme and County Courts, Sheriff's Office,
and Police Office, with two ample and well ventilated cells.
Two well ventilated vaults have been placed, one in each of the offices of the Government
Agent and the Registrar of the Courts.
The Police Office has a special and direct staircase leading to the dock in the Court Room
on the first floor.
On the First Floor, the Court Room is 43 feet by 30 feet, with two Judges' Rooms and a
Petit   Jury  Room,  conveniently arranged ;   also the Barristers' Robing Room, Crown
Prosecutors' Room, Law Library, Witness Room, and Waiting Room.
On the Second Floor are the Grand Jury Rooms, Waiting Room, and the Public Gallery
to the Court Room, with a separate staircase leading to same.
The arrangement of the entrances, and the position of the various offices and rooms with
regard to their uses, have been carefully arranged to insure the greatest possible
convenience in the working of the departments.
Well lighted and ventilated lavatories, &c, &c, are fitted up in a sanitary manner, and
are placed on both floors.
The Court Room is fitted up in a handsome manner, having alder panelling, and fittings
of selected native woods, and a heavy timbered ceiling.
The lighting  of  the Court  Room has been arranged to throw the light from behind the
Judges' bench, and from either side directly on the prisoner's dock.
The public accommodation is provided in a gallery having a separate staircase, and the
floor of the Court Room is entirely reserved for those having business therein.
The design of  the  building  has been  kept simple, but it  has a  bold  and  massive
appearance.
Considerable effect is obtained in the more elaborately treated front gable between the
two angle towers, which emphasize the principal entrance, and fronts the harbour. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 379
The joiner's work throughout is of selected native woods, principally alder and cedar.
The heating is low pressure hot water, with Safford radiators.
The building is to be lighted with electric lights, and the wiring for same has been laid
throughout in rubber covered insulated wire.
The roof is covered with slate, and is surmounted by neat copper finials and cresting, and
the gutters are of copper.
New Central School-house, Nanaimo.
Erected by the Corporation of the City of Nanaimo, aided by a Government grant of
$15,000. Designed by J. J. Honeyman, Architect; contractors, R. Nightingale for
stone foundation and brick-work, and Wm. N. Shaw for the frame building.
The school is of frame construction, consisting of two stories and an attic, built on a stone
basement, the basement being 9 feet in the clear, and used for a covered playground.
The building has a frontage of 80 feet facing Selby Street, and runs back a distance of
87 feet, including a stair annex in the rear of the building. In addition to this, there
are spacious storm porches both in front and rear of building. Each of the two main
stories has four large class-rooms, and the attic contains two, making ten class-rooms
in all.
Each of these ten class-rooms has a generous allowance of floor space and cubic contents
for each pupil, which will allow of a class of 60 pupils to each room, or a total accommodation for 600 pupils. The ceilings of all class-rooms, including those in the attic,
are 14 feet in the clear.
The two main floors of the building are traversed from front to rear by corridors 17 feet
wide. Down each side of these corridors are hat and coat screens, each room being
provided with two independent wardrobes for boys and girls respectively, and each
room having two doors arranged in such a manner as to isolate the sexes as far as
possible when not in the class-rooms.
To the rear of the building, and entered directly from all the corridors, is the staircase
annex, which is provided with two separate staircases, for boys and girls respectively.
These staircases are 6 feet wide in the clear, and provided with half-landings between
each floor.
The building is provided with ample means of entrance and exit. The front entrance
opens on the first floor corridor, and is gained by a broad and easy flight of steps. At
the back of this corridor are two exits, fitted with double swing doors, communicating
with the rear storm porch, which is provided with two separate flights of steps to the
boys' and girls' playgrounds respectively.
Descending either of the interior staircases you gain the basement exit, which is fitted
with swing doors, giving access to the outer playgrounds. The basement is partitioned
off into two playrooms, for boys and girls respectively, each having its staircase to
the upper school corridor and exit to playground.
The whole of the basement is floored with concrete, and each playroom is fitted up with
a range of enamelled wash-basins. The water system is carried to each floor of the
building for drinking purposes and cleaning the school.
In the centre of the basement, immediately under the main corridor and extending from
the front half way to the rear of the building, is situated the fuel and boiler room and
radiator chamber, excavated some 8 feet below the floor level of the basement.
The boiler room is practically fire-proof, having 12-inch brick walls, and the ceiling being
supported by steel beams spanning the width, with brick and concrete vaulting
between.
The heating and ventilating of the bnilding has been carefully considered, and a system
of low pressure, steam indirect heating has been adopted, the boiler used being an
ordinary horizontal return tubular steam boiler. Each class-room is supplied with a
constant flow of fresh, warm air, the outer air being conveyed from bays on each side
of the building through ducts built under the basement floors to an air chamber
underneath the radiator chamber; thence it passes through openings into the steam
coils above each class-room, being provided with a separate stack encased in a separate
iron casing, and the air, after passing through the coils, is conveyed to each room by a
separate duct, all radiators for the class-rooms being thus located in the radiator
chamber in the basement.    Ventilation is effected by means of aspirating shafts, which 380 Public Works Report. 1895
start from the radiator chamber and serve the double purpose of conveying the fresh,
warm air in the ducts (made of galvanized iron) to each class-room and carrying the
vitiated air from the floor level of each class-room out through the roof. By a simple
piece of mechanism, the registers, used in winter for warm air supply, and which are
situated about 10 feet from the floor level, can be converted into exhaust registers for
cooling the rooms in summer.
The corridors are heated by direct radiation from steam coils placed on each side of same.
The proportion of indirect heating surface to cubic contents of class-rooms is 1 to 35, and
the ducts and registers are proportioned to allow of a change of atmosphere at least
four times per hour.
Owing to the entire lack of sewerage in Nanaimo, the dry closet system has been adopted
for the present.    These will be located on the back line of the school property.
The building is well lighted and fitted up with a system of electric call bells, operated
from the head master's room, as also a large vibrating bell gong fitted in rear storm
porch for calling the school together.
Nanaimo Prison and Grounds.
The chain-gang have built a root-house on the prison grounds, and made sundry repairs to
interior of prison; repaired the floating wharf to the boat-house, and cleared about
three acres of ground and made it ready for fencing, which they will do in the spring.
Government Buildings, Nanaimo.
Sundry repairs have been made to the old Court House, now used as a Police Court, and
to the Government Offices, and to the lock-ups at Wellington, Northfield, and Departure
Bay.
South Nanaimo District.
Victoria Trunk Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Graded      1,150 yards from 15 feet to 24 feet wide.
Ditched    1,150     n     24 feet wide.
Ditched    1,700     ,,     12        „
Gravelled 3,800     n        7 n and 4 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts 14 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
ii     5      n        26        ii 1 ii 1 ii
„     2      t,        18 1 1
Built 1 bridge, 75 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 8 feet high, on 2 bents with mud-sills at each
end and 3 stringers on same, and covered with split cedar, and ribbon-pole and handrail put on.
Put 142 lineal feet of new covering of 3-inch plank on bridge at Southfield crossing.
Repaired 3 bridges by putting in new mud-sills and posts with new stringers and hand-
railing.
Made general repairs along 16 miles of the road by cleaning out the ditches and culverts;
cut out the brush and filled up washouts and holes.
Brenton's and McDonald's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Graded 1660 yards 10 feet wide.
Built 2 bridges 40 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4 feet high.
i,      1       „       20        ii 14 i. 4        „ 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 381
Page's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,000 yards 12 feet wide.
Graded 800    n      10 n , including 150 yards of side-hill grade.
Michael's, Algar's and Doole's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 180 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded 650     „       18
Ditched 650     „      18        „
Gravelled with shale 180 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 5 culverts, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep, and   made  general  repairs along
2\ miles of the road.
Fern's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,500 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gribble's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Cut out fallen timber and made sundry repairs.
Bates' Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep, and  made  general  repairs  along
2 miles of the road, and cut out fallen timber.
Preece's, Moore's, Weetman's, and Pollock's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 350 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed        3,330      ■■      12        „
Graded 3,330      „      12
Filled in 10     „     12        t, 3 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Swan's, Greeneway's, and Franee's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,950 yards, 16 feet wide.
Thomas' Blank's, and Stevens' Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 550      „ 18
Graded 550      n 18        n
Ditched 555      n 18        i,        on both sides.
Filled in 50       n 16 n 1 foot   deep, and made  general  repairs along 1^
miles of road.
Hemer's and Stocking's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep, and made general repairs along
line of road in cleaning out ditches and filling in holes. 382 Public Works Report. 1895
Praeger's, Core's, Churchill's, Hodson's, and Hunter's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 340 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 340      „     18
Graded 340      „     18        „
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide, by 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs along 1 mile of road.
Bates' and Malpass' Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 350 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 350      „      14        „
Graded 350      „      14
Ditched 50      n    on one side.
Gravelled 50      h        6 feet wide and 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Made, general repairs along line of road.
McLellan's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Grubbed 1,200 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded    1,200     „      12        n
Beek's and Fiddeck's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Made 2 culverts,  14 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs along 1|- miles of road.
Thatcher's and Emblem's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Grubbed 160 yards, 14 feet wide.
Graded    160      „       14
Ditched   100     n       on one side.
Made general repairs, filling up holes and washouts.
Dunlop's, Ganner's, McLean's, and Haslam's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 50      „      10
Built crib for bridge, 20 feet long, 12 feet wide, 9 feet deep, and filled same with rock,
ii ii 30        ii 7 it 9        n h it
These cribs are bolted together with iron drift bolts, and a strong bottom put in each.
Built 1 bridge 123 feet long, 15 feet wide, 10 feet high.
ii    1      „      147 ii 15        ii 10        ii        ; the piers filled with rock  and
on bents and mud-sills, with 4 cedar stringers covered with split cedar, and ribbon-pole
put on and approaches to the bridges filled in.
McGregor's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 80 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 80    „       14    „      „
Graded 80    tt       14    n      m
Made general repairs along line of road. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 383
Patterson's and Cassidy's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 100 yards,  20 feet wide.
Grubbed 100    „        18     „      „
Graded 100    „        18    ,,      n
Made general repairs along line of road
Quennell's and Dolan's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Ditched      50 yards on one side.
Gravelled 440 yards, 7 feet wide, and 4 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Gordon's and Crawford's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Gravelled 1300 yards, 6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Richardson's and Stark's Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Gravelled 260 yards, 6 feet wide by 4 inches deep.
Ross', Donoghue's, and Holms' Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Forest cleared 500 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 500    „       12    „      „
Graded 1100    „       12    „      „
Excavated earth       13     m        12     n      n     by 3 feet deep.
Filled in 13    „       12    „      „      „  3    „      „
Made 2 culverts, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep, and general repairs.
Alexander Mine Road.
James Haslam, Foreman.
Repaired bridge and made general repairs to road.
Scannell's, Bevelockway's, and McLean's Road.
Filled in 26 yards, 12 feet wide and 2 feet deep.
Raised bridge 2 feet, and made general repairs.
Westwood's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 157 yards on one side.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Cleaned out ditches.
Badcock's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded      109 yards, 3 feet wider than old road.
Ditched     109    n      on one side.
Gravelled 113    m       7 feet wide and 6 inches deep. 384 Public Works Report. 1895
Jinglepot Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched      40 yards on one side.
Gravelled 100    n       7 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Repaired one bridge.
Wellington Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched      45 yards one side.
Gravelled 560    ti      12 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 30 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Cleaned out 1 mile of ditches from city limits.
Gabriola Island, South end (Road from Wharf to Degnen's).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded      360 yards, 3 feet wider than old road.
Ditched     200    n      on one side.
Gravelled    73    n       8 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet long, 1A feet wide by 1J feet deep.
Put in one new stringer in bridge, and put on 21 lineal feet of new covering on same, and
filled in approaches.
Centre Road (South end of Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1100 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 1800    „ 8    „      ,t
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 3 feet high, with 3 stringers, covered with
split cedar.
Silva's Road (South end of Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 250 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 250    n        8        n partly side hill.
Martin's Road (South Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Built 1 bridge, 6 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 1J feet  deep;   and  filled in  approaches to
same.
Foster's and Hoggan's Road (North Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded    20 yards, 4 feet wider than old road.
Filled in 15    n       6    tt    wide, and 4 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet long, 18 feet wide and 4 feet high.
Made repairs along line of road.
Lake Road (North Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 42 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 42    m 8     n      m
Ditched 53    n       16    n      n      on both sides.
Gravelled 36    n 8     n      n      and 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 385
Griffith's and Adams' Road (North Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Brush cleared 600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 600     „        7    „      „
Cut out fallen timber along line of road.
Renwick's and Rollo's Road (North Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 180 yards on one side; dug 56 yards of tail drain.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, and 1 foot deep.
Cut out underbrush along line of road.
Jamieson's Road (North Gabriola Island).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Built 49 yards of stone retaining wall, 3| feet high.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, and 1 foot deep.
McLay's and Higham's Road (to Wharf on North end Gabriola).
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched      123 yards on one side.
Gravelled   222     n      8 feet wide, and 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Made sundry repairs along line of road in cleaning out ditches and filling holes.
Sundry repairs have been made to the  Public  School  Buildings and grounds at North Cedar,
North Nanaimo, Harewood, and Gabriola Island.
North Nanaimo District.
Aulds Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched      75 yards, 15 feet wide, on both sides.
ii 95     ii       on one side.
Gravelled 141     n        8 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts 15 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Dug 46 yards of tail drain.
Nanoose Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded     575 yards, 20 feet wide.
Ditched    575    n       20       n on both sides.
ii 53     ii       on one side.
Gravelled 252     n        10 feet wide and 8 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs to bridges, cleaned out ditches and culverts along line of road. 386
Public Works Report.
1895
Blood's and Fisher's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 222 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 222    „       10
Graded 222    „       10       „
Levelled up 500 yards of old road.
Turner's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded  57 yards, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 57    n      on one side.
Made 2 culverts, 16 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge, 13 feet long, 14 feet wide and 2 feet high, with 3 stringers covered with
split cedar.
Brickyard Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,050 yards, 20 feet wide.
Levelled same where required so that teams could drive over.
Rickards' Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 63 yards, 15 feet wide, on both sides.
Jones' and Rutherford's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded  229 yards, 14 feet wide.
Ditched 229    n      on one side.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Dug 22 yards of tail drain.
Hequi brand's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 613 yards, 15 feet wide.
Wellington New Townsite Streets.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 120 yards, 28 feet wide.
30
30
26
26
28
28
28 ii        on both sides.
28        ii        on one side.
on one side.
Filled in 180 feet, 15 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
ii        53    it    28        ti 1^        it
Gravelled 696 yards, 15 feet wide and 8 inches deep.
Made 11 culverts, 30 feet long, lcj feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Dug 80 yards of tail drain, 2 feet deep, through hard pan.
Put in 3 street crossings of split cedar, each 30 feet long by 2 feet wide.
Grubbed
1,968     ,,
Graded
1,968     n
Grubbed
215     n
Graded
215     „
Grubbed
1,918     „
Graded
1,918     „
Ditched
350     .,
,,
95     „
ii
434     ., 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 387
Kilpatrick's and Hoskin's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Built 1 bridge, 150 feet long, 12 feet wide and 8 feet high, with 4 bents and 5 mud sills,
3 stringers placed on same and covered with split cedar, and ribbon pole put on.
Old Wellington Town Roads.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded        75 yards, 24 feet wide.
Ditched     220      n      on one side, and cleaned out 900 yards of old ditches.
Gravelled 454      n      10 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Ashed 73      .,      10        „ 14
Made 4 culverts, 30 feet long, 1J feet wide by 1 foot deep.
Put in 2 crossings, 12 feet long, 6 feet wide, each.
Repaired covering to South Wellington Bridge by putting in 20 new planks.
Made general repairs to the roads.
Pearson's and McGarrigle's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 211 yards on one side.
Made 2 culverts, 15 feet long, 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep.
Repaired bridge by putting in 15 new posts, 4 mud sills, and bracing same, and repaired
covering.
McLeod's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Filled in 12 yards, 14 feet wide and 3 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 15 feet long, 3 feet wide and 1 foot deep.
Kelley's and Other's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 79 yards on one side.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge, 15 feet long, 12 feet wide and 3 feet high, with 3 stringers covered with
split cedar.
East Wellington Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Gravelled 213 yards, 8 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs to bridges, culverts and ditches along line of road.
Rossville Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched 140 yards on one side.
Cleaned out the old ditches along the road.
Crew's and Manuel's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,149 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 1,921      „        8        ,,
Made 2 culverts, 13 feet long, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet long, 14 feet wide and 2 feet high.
n    1       ii      49        n 14        ii 15 ii        with mud sills,   1   bent, and 4
stringers, covered with split cedar and ribbon poles. 388 Public Works Report. 1895
Robson's, Clark's and Cottle's Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched      80 yards on one side.
Gravelled 154    n      7 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet long,  1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Departure Bay Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Graded      50 yards from 12 feet to 28 feet wide, out of side-hill.
Ditched    50     n    on one side.
Repaired  15      n    of cribbing.
Filled in   15      n    3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 60      n  12 n 8 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs to the bridges and culverts and cut out underbrush along road.
Wellington Road.
John Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched       40 yards on one side.
Gravelled 250      n     12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 40 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs to the bridges, culverts and ditches along line of road.
Englishman's River Road (cutting off Knight's Hill).
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 5,414 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 5,414     n      18        n
Graded 5,414      it      16
Ditched 1,215      n      on one side.
Excavated earth 130      n      15 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
ii .1      300      „      18 n        4        ,i
Filled in 395      „      16 „ 3        „
Gravelled 1,230      n      10 n 6 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts, 22 feet long, 2\ feet wide, 1| feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 8 feet long, 35 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Cut out burned timber.
N.-West Bay Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 30 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Beaver Creek Wharf Roads.
James Craig, Foreman.
Filled in 10 yards, 12 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Cut out fallen timber burned down by heavy bush fires, and protected the bridges  from
being burned down.
Wellington and Nanoose Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Corduroyed   4 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 120      h      10        n        6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Chinked the outside of cribbing at Sand Hills to keep filling from washing out.
Made general repairs  along line  of road in filling  up holes,  cleaning out  ditches and
culverts; repaired bridges and cut out brush and fallen timber. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 389
Clarkson's and Hamilton's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,500 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 3,500      „        8
Ditched 7      ii      15 n on both sides.
Corduroyed 7      u      15        n
Built 1 bridge, 20 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 4 feet high, with 3 stringers covered with
split cedar, and ribbon pole put on.
Marshall's and Dudley's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 700 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 2,100      ,,        8
Corduroyed        30      n      12        n
Morrison's and Taggart's Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 150 yards, 8 feet wide and 5 inches deep.
French Creek Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Ditched 150 yards on one side.
Graded  100      n    5 feet wider than old road.
Cross Road (from Comox Trunk Road to Alberni Road).
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared 250 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed 210      „      13
Graded 210      „      13
Ditched 40      n      20        u        on both sides.
Corduroyed        40      u      20        n
Made 1 culvert 20 feet long, 2      n 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Englishman's River Road.
James Craig, Foreman.
Cut out fallen timber caused by heavy bush fires, filled up holes and made general repairs
along line of road.
Beaver Creek Wharf Repairs.
James Craig, Foreman.
Got out and drove 12 new large piles in the wharf to replace old ones eaten out, and
thoroughly braced the wharf with 3x10 inch plank well spiked on.
Texada Island Roads.
James Raper, Foreman.
Brushed out 1,000 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 5,000      „        8        „
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet long, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep. 390 Public Works Report. 1895
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road.
D. A. McMillan, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,700 yards, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 1,000      n     on one side.
Excavated rock by blasting 3,000 cubic yards out of side hill.
Excavated earth 1,100 yards, 10 feet wide and 7 feet deep, out of side hill.
Built 500 yards stone retaining wall 5 feet high.
Gravelled 150 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 14 culverts, 15 feet long, 2 feet wide, 1|- feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 65 feet long, 15 feet wide, 12 feet high, on  bents and mud sills,  with 3
stringers covered with split cedar, and ribbon-pole and hand-railing.
Took out 500 yards of the old rotten cribbing, and put in a stone retaining wall in place
of same.
Trunk Road to Comox.
John Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared 6450 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 9390      „      13
and 2 J feet high on both sides,
and 2 feet deep.
21
J2
Graded 9390      „      13
Corduroyed 25      n      15
Cribbed 175      „      16
Excavated earth, 16      n      15
Filled in 175      „      16
Made 3 culverts, 15 feet long, 3|- feet wide, and 1 foot deep.
Built 1 bridge,   34        „       15 „ 2\ feet high.
ii     1      „ 60        „      15 „ 9 n
it    1      ti 75        ii      15 ii 5 tt
„     1      ,i 88        i,      15 ,i 20
All built on bents and mud sills, with 4 stringers covered with split cedar, and ribbon
pole put on.
Built 1 bridge, 203 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 14 feet high, across the Little Qualicum;
built on 2 pile piers and 3 bents and 2 mud sills. The cedar piles in the 2 piers are
driven close together, having 15 piles in each pier; top of piles cut off even, and caps
drift bolted on to same with drift-bolt in each pile, and 4 corbels drift-bolted on to top
of the caps of piers and bents, with 4 stringers drift-bolted at ends into corbels and
screw-bolted through ends of corbels through stringers, and the whole covered with split
cedar, and ribbon pole and hand-railing put on. This bridge is built entirely of cedar,
and has 6 spans, 1 of 50 feet, 2 of 35 feet each, 2 of 33 feet each, and 1 of 16 feet.
Repaired 2 bridges which were partly burned by the bush fires, and cut out the timber
burned down by the heavy bush fires, which took 7 men 1 week's time.
Clearing Out Log Jam from Englishman's River, and cutting out new channel for same.
James Craig, Foreman.
Forest cleared       120 yards, and 150 feet widel      , , -, „ ,.   ,
-. J        ' OA J-and burned up all timber.
ii 75     i, 80        ii      J v
Excavated earth, 100      h 25        tt        and 4 feet deep, for new channel.
ii 35      ii 35 ii 5 ii through logs and brush,
by blasting the logs out.
Cut out jam pile, 60 yards long, 48 yards wide, by blasting, cutting, and burning the logs
out, and floated them down the river.
Blasted the stumps and cut out the roots for 25 feet on each side of the new channel, and
blasted the timber, which was covered with tailings and water, 50 yards long and 45
feet wide, and took the timber all out of the new channel and piled same on bank
beyond the reach of the high water.
Sundry repairs have been made to the public school buildings at East Wellington, North-
field, and Wellington. 59 Vict.
Public Works Report.
391
Comox District.
Upper Prairie Road.
McQuillan & Gilmore, Contractors, $23.
Gravelled 200 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Nanaimo and Comox Trunk Road.
H. Stewart, Contractor, $3,335.
Forest cleared 5| miles, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 5f    „      12
Graded   . 5§    „       12
Ditched 1,533 yards.
Built 1 bridge, 34 feet by   3 feet by 14 feet.
46
19
53
74
15
24
31
30
24
5
3
5
14
5
4
6
3
4
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
Corduroyed 150 yards, and made 28 culverts, from 2 to 4 feet wide.
The line of this road was very carefully surveyed and located by Mr. H. Caldwell, C.E.
Oyster River Road.
James Stewart, Contractor,
.25.
Cut out fallen trees, repaired 2 culverts, and fixed bad places in the road between Oyster
River and Oyster Bay.
Little, Swan, & Piercy's Trail.
Little & Swan, Contractors, $100.
Forest cleared, 880 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 880      „      12        .,
Ditched 200      n      18 inches by 18 inches.
Corduroyed 20      n      12 feet wide.
Brown's River Road.
H. McQuillan, Contractor, $159.
Forest cleared, 20 chains, 20 feet wide.
Graded 20      „       12        „
Ditched 20      n       18 inches by 18 inches.
Made 1 large culvert.
Burns & Viles' Road.
W. Viles, Contractor, $116.25.
Ditched       265 yards, 18 inches by 18 inches.
Corduroyed   20      n      12 feet wide.
Filled in        32      n      18 inches deep. 392 Public Works Report. 1895
Phillips, Ledingham & Berket's Road.
Phillips ifc Ledingham, Contractors, $89.
Forest cleared, 300 yards, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 300      „      20
Graded 300      n      16
Ditched 250      n      18 inches by 18 inches.
Filled in 40 feet, 12 feet 16 inches high.
Union Mine Road.
R. Gilmore, Contractor, $26.50.
Hauled and spread 35 yards of gravel at 75 cents per yard.
Union Mine Road.
D. Kirkpatrick, Contractor, $27.
Hauled and spread 36 loads of gravel at 75 cents per load.
Little River Road.
William Miller, Contractor, $10.
Cut out fallen timber between Beckensell's and Little River.
Little River Road.
William Miller, Contractor, $17.50.
Re-built a bridge that was burnt out.
Carter's Road.
R. Grant, Contractor, $96.
Corduroyed 120 yards, 14 feet wide.
Harvey's Road to Lot 30.
Wm. Knox, Contractor, $50.
Forest cleared 220 yards.
Graded 220      „
Built a bridge, 60 feet long, by falling two large trees across the gulch, and covering with
cedar.     Posts in the centre to take the strain.
Campbell River Road.
John Peacey, Contractor, $58.
Forest cleared 400 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 100      n      12
Ditched 6      n        2 feet by 1 foot.
Made 1 culvert, 2 by 16 by 1 foot.
- Made 1 bridge, 6 by 16 by 3 feet.
Little River Road.
Smith & MeKenzie, Contractors, $24.
Cut out trees and repaired culverts damaged by the bush fires.
Donahue's Road—28 chains.
H. Stewart, Contractor,
Cut out all trees that were marked.
Ditched 28 chains on upper side, 18 inches by 18 inches.
Graded 28 chains, 16 feet wide. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 393
Harrigan's Road—411 yards.
John Piercy, Contractor, $59.
Took out all stumps and roots.
One culvert, 2 feet by 3 feet by 24 feet.
Graded    401 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched   195    n
Put in        10    ii       of cross logging.
Covered with 6 inches of gravel.
Smith's Road.
McQuillan & Gilmore, Contractors, $23.
Graded 125 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
McKelvie's Bridge.
McQuillan & Gilmore, Contractors, $86.50.
This bridge is 54 feet long, 13 feet high.
Thei-e are 3 spans with 2 bents, mud sills 12 by 18 by 18.
Posts 12 inches in diameter.
Caps 12 inches by 12 inch by 15 feet.
Stringers 10 by 14.
Covering 3 by 12 by 14 ; hand-rail 3 by 4.
Snow's Road.
George Kelland, Contractor, $144.
Grubbed 1320 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1320      „      12        ,.
Corduroyed 40      n      14 n
Comox Wharf.
H. Stewart, Contractor, $70.
Furnished 7 fender piles, 45 feet long, and drove them with a steam pile-driver, securing
them firmly to the end of the Wharf.
Northey's Road.
L. H. Northey, Contractor, $212.50.
Forest cleared 2\ miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded 21    „        8        „
Built 1 bridge, 3 feet high, 12 feet wide, 40 feet long.
Corduroyed    80 yards, 12 feet wide.
Pile-driver,
E. J. Millett, Contractor, $45.
Furnished all labour and material, and built a substantial driver with a 24-foot drop.
Oyster River Road.
Jos. Stewart, Contractor, $315.
Forest cleared 85 chains, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded     85    n 12 n
Excavated 40 yards,     4 feet deep, 12 feet wide. 394 Public Works Report. 1895
Comox Wharf.
H. Stewart, Contractor,
Furnished all labour and material, and constructed 180 feet of new wharf, with  8 bents
and 4 piles in each, 16 inches diameter.
Caps 12 by 12 by 16 feet.
Corbels 10 by 12 by   8    ■■
Stringers 10 by 14 by 20    t.
Planking 3 by 12 by 14    „
360 feet of new hand-rail, secured with drift bolts  and  the planks fastened with  6-inch
spikes.
Tsolum River Road.
Section 1.
F. Cunliffe, Contractor, $225.
Forest cleared 100 chains, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 100 12
Graded 100      „      12
Section 2.
F. Cunliffe, Contractor, $235.
Forest cleared 80 chains, 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 80      „      12
Graded 80      „      12        „
Sections 1 and 2.
F. Cunliffe, Contractor, $140.
Corduroyed 200 yards, 14 feet wide, with cedar and red fir ; gravelled 6 inches deep.
Black Creek Road.
Section 1.
Smith & MeKenzie, Contractors, $265.
Forest cleared 42 chains, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 42       n       18 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 42       n       16 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts 2 feet by 4 feet by   14 feet.
Section 2.
H. Stewart, Contractor, $235.
Forest cleared 52 chains, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 40      n      18 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded, 52      n      16 feet wide.
Made 3 large culverts.
Section S.
H. Stewart, Contractor, $90.
Forest cleared 13 chains, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 13       n       18 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 13      n       16 feet wide.
Made 1 large culvert. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 395
Section 4-
H. Smith, Contractor, $232.
Forest cleared 330 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 720      „      14
Ditched 25      n      18 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Graded 720      „      12 feet wide.
Repaired 2|- miles of road.
January.
Union Mines and Flat Road.
J. R. Berkefey, Foreman.
Gravelled 345 yards, 6 inches deep, 9 feet wide.
Repaired culverts and bridges injured by the high  tides  and freshets; filled in bad holes
and made general repairs throughout the district.
March.
Miller and Williams' Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Grubbed   190 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded     190      .,      12
Ditched    450      „      2 feet by 2 feet.
Gravelled 310      n      7 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Built a bridge, 14 feet by 7 feet by 3 feet.
July.
Flat Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Filled in     17 yards, 26 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Gravelled 156      h        9 h 6 inches deep.
Made a culvert, 12 feet by 14 feet by 3 feet.
Valdez Island.
J. Smith, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3 miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded 3    n 8
Lake Trail.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Grubbed 40 yards 14 feet wide.
Graded    40      ii    14        n
Ditched 400     n     18 inches by 18 inches.
Filled in 30     n    14 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Covered 2 bridges, 70 feet by 14 feet.
Piercy and Carter Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Built a bridge, 20 feet by 14 feet by 3 feet.
Filled in bad holes on the road.
August.
Black Creek Road.
H. Smith, Foreman.
Cut out 34 trees and repaired the road after the bush fires. 396 Public Works Report. 1895
Viles and Burns Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded 150 yards 12 feet wide.
Ditched 22      „     18 inches by 2 feet.
Took out roots and rocks.
September.
Union Mines Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Cut out trees that were made dangerous by fire running through.
Black Creek Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Took out an old bridge and replaced it with a culvert, 5 feet by  3  feet  by   14 feet, and
filled in the approaches.
Nanaimo-Comox Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Made general repairs, filled in ruts, opened up water courses, repaired  culverts, took  out
stumps and roots, hauled and spread 125 loads of gravel.
October.
Lower Prairie Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Repaired the bridge at the Puntledge school.
Ditched 115 yards, 18 inches by 18 inches.
Colonization Trail to Rupert Arm.
Hugh Burnett, C.E., Superintendent.
Victoria, B.C., December 7th, 1895.
W. S. Gore, Esq.,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following Report in connection with the construction of the Colonization Road running from Coal Harbour, on the West Arm of Quatsino
Sound, to Hardy Bay, on the north-east coast of this Island, and also on the Subdivision
Surveys for the Scandinavian colonists at Quatsino Sound.
The exploratory survey for the road was commenced on the 18th of June, and completed
on the 2nd July. Work was then started on construction at the Coal Harbour terminus; and
the location carried on at the same time. Work was continued from this point until July
25th, when, owing to the non-arrival of the steamer " Mischief" with supplies, we were
compelled to pack across to Hardy Bay and resume work from there. Two miles and a half
were then constructed, which will be passable for a waggon after the bridges are built and a
few obstructions removed. About two miles on the Coal Harbour side is in the same condition.
The remaining portion, five and a half miles, is little better than a pack-trail.
The height of land is reached four miles from Coal Harbour, and I estimate is between
three and four hundred feet above sea level, with a gradual descent each way. The road
crosses the Quatse River in Section 2, Township 9, and remains on that side to Hardy Bay.
Only five bridges of any consequence will be required; these will each be about 50 feet span.
Numerous small bridges, however, will be necessary, but, as the spans are all short, the cost of
construction will be about the same as the ordinary road-bed. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 397
The length of the road from water to water is nine and one-quarter miles. It was found
necessary, however, to extend it three-quarters of a mile further along the west shore of Hardy
Bay, in order to reach good water and a suitable location for a wharf.
The road passes through a very good country most of the way, timbered principally with
hemlock, balsam, spruce, and cedar, with patches of heavy cedar in places.
The soil generally is a clay loam, and I estimate there are about fifteen thousand acres of
land suitable for settlement within a limit of three miles on each side of the road. The
country generally within these limits is rolling, with occasional small hills, well watered by
numerous small streams, and bounded on the west from Quatse Lake to Hardy Bay by a high
range of hills, broken by several small valleys.
A survey for a wharf was made at Hardy Bay, and a sufficient depth of water found
within one hundred feet of high water mark, with a good bottom for pile-driving. Soundings
were previously taken over the bar at the entrance to the harbour, and a depth of twenty feet
at extreme low tide was found, with a rapid increase in depth each way.
A survey was also made at Coal Harbour, and a sufficient depth of water found within
one hundred and fifty feet of high water mark.
**********
I have, &c, &c,
(Signed)        H. Burnett, P.L.S.
Gaol at Union.
John Parmiter, Contractor,
Furnished all plant, labour, and material, and erected a building, 33 feet by 26 feet, comprising a Court room, constable's room, prisoners' corridor, and four cells. The wall,
partitions, floors, and ceiling are made with 2-in. by 4-in. mill-sized scantling, spiked
together securely. The walls are enclosed with rustic siding, and the building completed and fitted in the usual manner.
Denman Island.
T. H. Piercy, C. McFarlan, and A. Pickles, Commissioners.
Cross Road.
Section 1.
Geo. McFarlan, Contractor, $161.50.
Gravelled 2 chains, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Section 2.
Cleared 15 chains, 22 feet wide.
8 inches deep.
Double turnpiked
15      i,
Ditched
2\    „
Gravelled
i\    „      10        „
Graded
2\    „
Cribbed and filled
1
Cleaned out ditches and made repairs.
Section S.
Wm. Baikie, Contractor, $66.
Cleared       8J chains, 22 feet wide.
Turnpiked 8|       n       22 398 Public Works Report. 1895
Section 4-
Fred. Piercy, Contractor, $20.
Gravelled 2 chains, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Made general repairs.
Section 5.
John Doney, Contractor.
Grubbed out trees and made repairs.
Beadwell's Road.
Geo. McFarlan, Contractor, $12.
Corduroyed 48 feet, 16 feet wide.
Gravelled    48    n      8        u        6 inches deep.
Ditched 2 chains.
Made 2 culverts.
East Road.
Section 1.
Geo. McFarlan, Contractor, $43.
Cleared      5 chains, 22 feet wide.
Turnpiked 5      n      22 „
Ditched 4 n
Skirted 11 n
Made 1 culvert.
Section 2.
John Doney, Contractor, $40.
Excavated side hill, 4 chains long.
Made 2 culverts.
Cleared out failed timber and made repairs.
West Road.
Section 1.
R. Swan, Contractor, $80.
Cleared       4 chains, 22 feet wide.
Turnpiked 4       ti       22 u
Gravelled   2      ii      10        n        8 inches deep.
Ditched      3       n
Section 2.
T. Nelson, Contractor, $62.50.
Cleared      4| chains, 22 feet wide.
Turnpiked 4|-      n
In addition to the above, general repairs were made to various roads by day work. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 399
Hornby Island.
North Side.
Contract No. 1.—Vummert's Road.
John Scott, Contractor, $35.
Grubbed and graded, took out large rocks and roots, 8 feet wide, 40 chains long.
Contract No. 2.—Trunk Road.
John A. Graham, Contractor, $24.
Gravelled 260 yards, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Contract No. S.—Trunk Road.
John A. Graham, Contractor, $19.
Gravelled 100 yards.
Half-turnpiked 80 yards.
Took out two fir trees, stumps, etc.
Contract No. 4-
L. W. Nunns, Contractor, $70.
Half-turnpiked 60 yards.
Contract No. 5.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $19.
Half-turnpiked 160 yards.
Contract No. 6.
L. W. Nunns, Contractor, $14.50.
Graded 60 yards.
Made 1 culvert.
Renewed a short bridge.
Contract No. 7.
L. W. Nunns, Contractor, $34.50.
Forest cleared 500 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 500      n        8
Contract No. 8.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $30.
Half-turnpiked 130 yards.
Took out several large trees.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long.
Contract No. 9.—$20.
Graded 60 yards.
Took out 2 large trees.
Renewed old bridge.
Gravelled 15 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 400 Public Works Report. 1895
Contract No. 10.—Foot path to wharf below bluff.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $48.
Chopped and cleared If miles, 6 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded If      n      2 n
Contract No, 11.
J. W. Scott, Contractor, $31.50.
Half-turnpiked 10 chains;
Took out several large trees.
South Side.
Contract No. 1.
John Scott, Contractor, $35.
Grubbed and graded | mile.
Contract No. 2.
John Howe, Contractor, $14.50.
Ditched 45 yards, cross-layed 20 yards, gravelled 30 yards, graded 28 yards.
Contract No. 3.
John Howe, Contractor, $70.
Gravelled 600 yards, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep ; ditched 10 yards; removed 1 large tree.
Contract No. 4-
Thomas Chalmers, Contractor, $65.
Made a new grade on mountain; forest cleared  300 yards,  12 feet  wide; graded   300
yards, 12 feet wide.
Contract No. 5.
John Scott, Contractor, $15.
Took out rocks and roots on road a distance of 2 miles.
Contract No. 6.
John W. Scott, Contractor, $50.
Re-covered Howe's Bridge, 106 feet long, with hewed cedar, 5 inches thick ; made a new
hand-rail, &c.
Contract No. 7.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $39.
Made 4 turnouts on mountain.
Read Island.
Main Road.
F. Fitzpatrick, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1 mile, 12 feet wide.
Graded J-    n       8        n 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 401
Trail to Post Office.
Forest cleared 2\ miles, 8 feet wide.
Graded f    n       4 h
Hernando Island Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Built a wharf, 665 feet long, with approach, 14 feet wide, and extension 35 feet by 50 feet.
Cortes Island Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Built a wharf at Manson's, 200 feet long, approach 16 feet wide, extension 40 feet by 60
feet.
Also built a wharf at Drinkwater's, 465 feet long, approach 16 feet wide, extension 35
feet by 60 feet.
Hornby Island Wharf.
A. Raynes, Foreman.
Rebuilt the old wharf; drove 110 new piles; built a new triangular  extension   34  feet
by 50 feet by 60 feet.
New Westminster District.
Repairs on the New Westminster and North Arm Road  (extending from New Westminster City limits to Burnaby Municipal limits.)
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Clearing out ditches, culverts, and tail-drains ; filling in  holes and grading.     About 12
chains repaired.
Amount expended, about $38.
Repairs on the Port Moody Road (outside of municipal bounds).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Removal of rock on the long hill; clearing out ditches, tail-drains, and culverts; cutting
down one knoll to improve the grade; grading and filling in holes with gravel, and
cutting an outlet ditch.
Amount expended, $237. 402 Public Works Report. 1895
Repairs on the Road running easterly and northerly round the head of Port Moody Bay.
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
An earth-fill has been made to form the road for a distance of about 754 feet across a
marsh at the head of the bay, 17 feet base, 13 feet wide on top, and averaging 3 feet
high, with one small bridge, 9 feet, covered with split cedar.
Amount expended, $430.50.
Repairs on the North Arm and Cemetery Road (through Lot  301, south of Vancouver
City Boundary).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Clearing out ditches and tail-drains ; grading and gravelling.    Distance  repaired,   about
35 chains.
Amount expended, about $282.
Repairs on the New Westminster & Vancouver Trunk Road (through Lot 301, south
of Vancouver City Boundary).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Clearing  out ditches and  tail-drains ; repairs to culverts ; filling in holes  with broken
rock ; grading and gravelling.    Distance repaired, about 50 chains.
Amount expended, about $420.
Repairs on the Westminster Avenue Road  (extending from the southern boundary of
Vancouver City limits 'to the northern boundary of South Vancouver Municipality).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Cleaning out ditches, repairing corduroy, and removing logs from road.    Distance repaired,
about 20 chains.
Amount expended, $138.
Construction of a Bridge on the Harrison Hot Springs Road, within Kent Municipality.
Work performed by day labour.
David Galbraith, Foreman.
Span, 13 feet; 2 cedar mud-sills, 12 inches by 22 feet; 4 runs of stringers, 12 inches
diameter by 24 feet, flatted and fastened to sills with -|-inch drift-bolts; covering,
3-inch by 12-inch plank, fastened with 6-inch spikes.
Amount expended, $41.76.
Repairs on the Harrison Hot Springs Road, outside municipal bounds.
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Constructing earth approaches to new bridge, grading down a knoll; 2 cribs, and filling
in with earth; replanking bridge, 17 feet, with 3-inch by 12-inch plank ; repairing the
abutments, and planking of bridge in green timber ; gravelling about 5 chains of road,
12 feet wide by 8 inches deep.
Amount expended, $171.50, 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 403
Driving and Capping Piles for Bridges across the Maria Slough (from the mainland
to Pare's Island and Maria Island). These bridges, when completed, will give Messrs.
Cunningham, Pare, Brough, and Dumas a direct road to Agassiz Station.
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
30 bents, 20 feet apart, 3 piles to each bent, driven and capped with cedar caps, 10 inches
by 10 inches by 14 feet, and fastened to piles with J-inch drift-bolts.
Amount expended, $291.50.
Construction of a Bridge across Maria Slough (north of the C. P. R. bridge, Agassiz,
Kent Municipality).
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Consisting of mud-sills, 12 inches by 12 inches by 16 feet, placed upon each bank ; 24
bents, 4 piles in each bent, sway braced with 3-inch by 8-inch plank, fastened with 10-
inch ship spikes; caps, 10 inches by 10 inches by 14 feet, fastened to piles with J-inch
drift-bolts ; 4 corbels on each bent, 6 inches by 10 inches by 6 feet, bolted to caps ; 4
runs of stringers, 6 inches by 12 inches by 24 feet, fastened to corbels with |-inch bolts,
with nuts and washers; covering, 2-inch by 12-inch fir plank, fastened at each intersection with 6-inch spikes ; ribbons, 4 inches by 6 inches ; hand-rails and posts, 3 inches
by 4 inches, fastened with spikes and nails.
Also, at the same time, supplied and drove 12 piles for a bridge across a small slough
south of the Maria Slough bridge, the settlers arranging to complete the bridge by
voluntary labour.
Amount expended, $1,280.90.
Construction of a Bridge across Maria Slough (from Passingham's to Murphy's Island,
Kent Municipality).
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Consisting of mud-sills, 12 inches by 12 inches by 16 feet, placed upon each bank ; 7 bents,
20 feet apart, and 2 bents, 36 feet apart, resting on mud-sills bedded into the gravel 3
feet; 2 batter-posts and 1 upright in the bents, 20 feet apart, the others having 2
batter and 2 upright posts, 8 inches by 8 inches, fastened to sills with f-inch drift-
bolts ; caps, 8 inches by 10 inches by 14 feet, fastened with |-inch drift-bolts; sway-
braces, 3 inches by 8 inches, fastened with 8-inch ship spikes; 4 corbels on each
of the 36-foot spans ; 4 runs of stringers, 6 inches by 12 inches, bolted to caps and
corbels; flooring, 2 inches by 12 inches by 14 feet; ribbons, 4 inches by 6 inches ;
hand-rails, 4 inches by 4 inches, fastened with spikes and nails.
Amount expended, $585.99.
Construction of a Bridge on the Hamersley Road (Agassiz settlement, Kent Municipality).
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Length 80 feet; 3 bents; 20-feet centres; mud-sills; up-rights and caps, 8-inch by 10-inch
timber, fastened with f-inch drift bolts; 4 runs of stringers, 6 inches by 12 inches,
fastened with |-inch drift-bolts; covering, 2-inch by 12-inch plank, spiked; height of
bridge, 4 feet 6 inches; width, 14 feet.
Amount expended, $88.41. 404 Public Works Report. 1895
Construction of a Straining Beam Truss Bridge across the big slough on the Harrison
Hot Springs Road.
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Two cribbed abutments of cedar, properly cross-tied, and fastened at each intersection
with Jpinch drift-bolts ; span 60 feet; lower chords, 2 members 5 inches by 14 inches,
packed and keyed ; upper chords, 8 inches by 10 inches by 32 feet; main braces, 8
inches by 10 inches ; centre braces, 8 inches by 8 inches ; suspension rods, 1| inches
and 1^ inches diameter, ends upset, machine cut thread with nuts and gibs; 2 needle
beams, 4 inches by 12 inches by 26 feet, with braces extending from the ends to the
upper chords and bolted ; joists, 3-inch by 12-inch plank, spiked to chords; covering,
3-inch by 12-inch plank, laid diagonally and fastened to joists at each intersection with
6-inch steel spikes ; approaches 40 feet and 44 feet respectively, resting on trestles ; 4
runs of stringers, 8 inches by 14 inches; covering, 3 inches by 12 inches, fastened as
above ; hand-rails and posts, 4-inch by 4-inch scantling, spiked and nailed.
Amount expended, $537.50.
Repairs to the Squamish River Bridge (Squamish Valley).
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
To protect the shore bent of this bridge on the north bank from being washed out, brush
has been laid down 3 feet deep, about 8 feet wide and 30 feet long, and loaded with
sand bags (rock not being attainable except at very considerable expense), which has
already formed a sand-bar sufficient to throw the current off towards mid channel; also
constructed 30 feet of new approach consisting of 2 bents and mud-sills ; 4 runs of
stringers hewn cedar, 10 inches by 12 inches by 32 feet; covering, 2 inches by 12
inches by 12 feet plank, fastened with 6-inch steel spikes.
Amount expended, $86.20.
Opening about 120 chains of a road, fit for sleds, from the north end of the Cheakimus
bridge and extending up the Cheakimus Valley on the west side of the river, to give an
outlet to Messrs. Hayden and Anderson and others.
Forest cleared and brushed 18 feet wide; logs cut and removed 10 feet wide; knolls
graded clown and hollows filled in ; 2 bridges constructed, each about 30 feet long.
This work was done by the voluntary labour of I. J. Hayden and A. Anderson, on
condition that some rock should be blasted in a pass next season to make a through
connection.
This will cost about $70.
Rebuilding a Bridge on the Squamish Valley Road.
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Length, 58 feet; 2 spans with cribbed abutments and centre bent; 4 runs of stringers ;
covering, 2-inch by 12-inch fir plank.
Cost, about $60.
Howe Sound and Pemberton Meadows Trail, from Cheeki Creek to Pemberton.
John Sprott and R. F. Bonson.
Temporary repairs to bridges along the trail.
Amount expended, $27.
Repairs on the Hastings and Vancouver Road through Hastings Townsite.
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Cutting brush, cleaning out ditches, repairing culverts, renewing corduroy, and gravelling.
About two miles repaired, $357. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 405
Construction of two Bridges on the Hastings and Vancouver Road, through Hastings
Townsite.
Work performed by day labour.
It. F. Bonson, Foreman.
No. 1, 120 feet, consisting of 5 bents, 20 feet centres, with 2 uprights and 2 batter posts,
8 inches by 8 inches, resting on cedar mud sills, 8 inches by 10 inches; caps 8 inches
by 10 inches, by 17 feet posts and uprights gained \ inch into caps and sills, and
fastened with -|-inch drift-bolts; sway braces, 3 inches by 6 inches; 4 runs of stringers,
6 inches by 12 inches, fastened to caps with J inch drift-bolts; covering, 3 inches by 12
inches, laid diagonally and fastened at each intersection with 6-inch steel spikes; handrails and posts, 4 inches by 4 inches scantling, all securely spiked and nailed ; height
from mud sill to floor, 22 feet; width of roadway, 16 feet.
No. 2, 72 feet long, 7 feet high, 16 feet wide, dimensions of material and construction in
all respects similar to No. 1.
Amount expended, about $475.
Construction   of   a   Straining   Beam   Truss   Bridge   across   the  Cheakimus   River,
Squamish Valley ; also a piece of road to connect the bridge with the main road.
Work performed by day labour.
R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
2 cribbed abutments of cedar logs properly tied and secured at each intersection with
f-inch drift bolts ; south abutment filled with rock ; 2 lower chords, hewn fir, 12 inches
by 14 inches by 126 feet; upper chords, 10 inches by 12 inches by 44 feet; main
braces, 10 inches by 12 inches, centre braces 8 inches by 10 inches; end suspension rods
2 inches diameter, and centre rods If inches diameter, ends upset, with machine cut
threads, nuts and gibs ; 3 upper and lower lateral braces, 6 inches by 6 inches, gained
on to chords and fastened with f-inch bolts, nuts and washers ; joists, 3 inches by 10
inches, split cedar, sized and spliced to chords ; covering, split cedar, 3 inches thick,
laid diagonally and securely spiked. Approaches 42 feet and 46 feet respectively; 4
runs of fir stringers flatted and resting on cribs and mud-sills, and fastened with f-inch
drift bolts, and covered with split cedar 3 inches thick ; hand-rails of barked cedar
and fir poles spiked and nailed. About 10 chains of road forest cleared, 18 feet
wide, and graded 12 feet.    Total amount expended, $1,261.35.
Repairs to Wharf at Lund (Malispina).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Raising the height of cribs, laying on extra stringers and joists, and  covering  the  wharf
with 2-inch by  12-inch plank ; also constructing an approach resting on trestles  12
feet wide and 65 feet long, and covering with 2-inch by 12-inch plank.
Amount expended, $338.22.
Repairs on the Nicomen Island Roads.
Work performed by day labour.
Harry Ross, Foreman.
Main road from the lower end of the island to McDonald's Landing,  distance 5 miles.
All driftwood, logs, &c, cut and removed to a width of 30 feet; culvert constructed
and loaded with earth,
earth fill, 16 feet,
bridge, 32 feet by 16 feet, resting on posts and sills and loaded with earth.
16
„      50
,.      32
„      14
culvert, 7
5
16 ii loaded with earth.
16 it supported on 2 bents and loaded with earth.
16 "             ii              1                 H                 ti
16 ii resting on sills,                  n                  n
16 ii loaded with earth.
17 ii ii it 4,06 Public Works Report. 1895
j     400 feet of earth fill, 18 feet by 2|- feet.
300        „ „ 18     „       3     ,i
270        ii i, 18     M       2     n
1 mile of road cleared of drift-wood, logs cut and removed to a width of  30 feet, and 14
large stumps removed.
,     Amount expended, about $360.
Construction of a Bridge across   a   Slough   on  the   Anderson   Road   (near Nicomen
station).
ic
Work performed by George Yeomans.
di    2 bents, 3 stringers, covering split cedar, loaded with earth, length about 65 feet.
Also  repairs  on  the  mainland  road,   viz.,  cutting and  removing  logs and  drift-wood,
ii replacing- corduroying and filling in holes, &c.
Amount expended, $155.
Repairs on the Pitt River Road (outside of municipal bounds).
Work performed by day labour.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Clearing out ditches, culverts and tail-drains, filling in  holes  with brush  and rock, and
gravelling.    Bridge, 46 feet long,  re-covered  with 3-inch by 12-inch plank, and handrails repaired.    About 22 chains of road repaired.
■   Amount expended, $233.70.
Construction of Trail through Wade Settlement.
to
be   Work performed by day labour.
01
j   Harry Ross, Foreman.
-~     2j miles forest cleared, and logs cut and removed 12 feet wide, and graded 4 feet wide,
do   25 feet of corduroy laid.
ifil   1 bridge, 20 feet by 12 feet, resting on sills and bent, and covered with split cedar.
tee Amount expended, $297.34.
Repairs to Bridge (Mission City Townsite).
Work performed by Harry Ross.
Re-covering bridges, &c.
Amount expended, $9.75.
llJ3l
Special Grant of $432 to Maple Ridge Municipality to make good damage done by flood of
1894, and expended upon the following works :—
Repairing bridge and approaches on the trunk road west from Port Hammond.
Repairing bridge and approaches across Keatsie slough.
Repairs to corduroy and bridge on the Bonson road.
Repairing two bridges and rebuilding one bridge on the river road east from Port Haney.
Amount expended, $432.
Ma¥le Ridge Municipality.    Grant of $1000 for general repairs.
bate
Construction of a bridge across the North Lillooet River, Township 12..   $185 00
Construction of a bridge on the Wharnock Road, Township 15      200 00
Construction of a bridge across Kanaka Creek, Township 12      166 50
Brushing and logging out right of way for approaches        33 50
Work performed on approach to Lillooet bridge        15 00
Weeks' Road,  Pitt  Meadows.     Ditching  about 50 chains,  grading,   and
constructing  small bridge         200 00
Higginson Road, Pitt Meadows.    24 chains chopped, 13 chains corduroyed,
13 chains stumped and graded      200 00 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 407
Special Grant of $385 to Matsqui Municipality to make good damage done by flood of 1894.
Repairing bridges, culverts, and corduroy, and grading on roads through Matsqui Prairie.
Matsqui Municipality.    Grant of $800 for general repairs.
Ringrose Road.—1 mile forest  cleared   20 feet wide, close-cut and  logged
14 feet   $ 67 00
75 yards corduroy supplied and laid -        30 00
Mahoney Road.—1  mile forest cleared  20 feet  wide, close-cut and logged
14 feet        59 00
Purver's Road.—1J mile forest cleared  20 feet wide, close-cut and logged
14 feet . . .       65 00
Thompson's Road.—1 mile forest cleared 20 feet wide, close-cut and logged
14 feet '        75 00
Morrison Road.—1 mile forest cleared 20 feet wide, close-cut and logged
14 feet          75 00
White   Road.—1   mile forest cleared 20 feet wide,  close-cut and   logged
14 feet        49 50
100 yards corduroy supplied and laid        35 00
Gephart Road.—J mile forest cleared  20 feet wide, close-cut and logged
14 feet        24 50
Brown's Road.—| mile forest cleared  20  feet  wide,  close-cut and  logged
14 feet        24 75
Construction of a Wharf at Hooper's Landing, Keats Island, Howe Sound, 50 feet long,
consisting of cribbed piers filled with rock and covered with split cedar.
John Hooper, by agreement, for $125.
Note.—This work appears in last year's report, but before it had been accepted it was
almost totally destroyed by a storm and high tide ; consequently the contractor had to
rebuild it last spring before being paid.
Towlan Road.
50 yards corduroy supplied and laid, $21.50.
Mount Lehman Road.
Stumping, ditching and grading \ mile, $150.
Yale Road.
Grading and gravelling, $58.50.
Marshall Road.
Cutting down and grading hill, $65.25.
Srecial Grant of $2,330 to Dewdney Municipality to make good damage done by flood of
Construction of a pile trestle bridge across Bales Slough—4 piles in each bent, caps,
corbels, stringers, sway-braces, flooring and rails, all of sawn timber, fastened with
bolts and spikes.    Length, including approaches, about 200 feet.
Work performed by day labour.    Cost, $741.
Construction of a pile trestle bridge across the Hatzic Slough—4 piles in each bent, with
one straining beam truss of 50 feet over the main channel; the remaining bents being
20 feet apart; sway-braces, caps, corbels, stringers, flooring and rails, all of sawn timber
fastened with bolts and spikes.    Length, including approaches, about 260 feet.
Work performed by day labour.    Cost, $1,346.02. 408 Public Works Report. 1895
Construction of a pile trestle bridge from Betts Island, Hatzic Lake, to the mainland—
4 piles in each bent, caps and stringers of flatted cedar, covering of split cedar rails
and posts, cedar poles all fastened with bolts and spikes.    Length, about 100 feet.
Brett & McEwen, contractors, for $290.
Special Grant of $357 to the Mission Municipality to make good damage done by flood of
1894.
Construction of a bridge across Silver Creek, and repairing corduroy on portions of road
flooded.
Construction of a bridge near Silverdale Post Office.
Construction of 2 bridges on the Skinner Road.
Clearing out logs and driftwood from roads, and repairing corduroy, etc.
Amount expended, $357.
Mission Municipality (Grant of $200).
Work performed on the Manzer Road, running north from Preston's Landing towards
Stave River :—
1 bridge constructed, 125 feet long     $78 00
1 „ 125       ii               69 00
585 feet of corduroy supplied and laid        53 00
Amount expended    $200 00
Special Grant of $250 to the Coquitlam Municipality to make good damage done by flood
of 1894.
Repairs to bridges, replacing corduroy, and removal of logs and driftwood off roads
which were overflowed.
Amount expended, $250.
Special Grant of $1,000 to Burnaby Municipality.
Constructing a portion of a new trunk road to connect the New Westminster and Vancouver trunk road with the Hastings Road.
Work performed under the supervision of the Municipal Council.
Amount expended, $1,000.
Special Grant of $196 to Surrey Municipality to make good damage done by flood of 1894.
Repairing bridges, culverts, and corduroy, &c., on the Scott Road, and clearing off logs
and driftwood, and repairing corduroy on other roads which were overflowed.
Amount expended, $196.
Surrey Municipality.    Grant of $800 for general repairs.
Clover Valley Road (between the Yale and McLennan Roads), 135J rods
gravelled, @ $1.18 per rod  $160 00
Newton Road, ditching  65 00
Borgstrom Road, forest clearing and brushing  30 00
Yale Road, filling in approaches of a bridge, and gravelling  65 00
Johnston Road, 114J rods of corduroy @ $1.40 per rod  160 00
Coast Meridian Road, 200 rods gravelled, @ 80 cents per rod  160 00
Campbell River Road, cutting down a hill, logging, grading, and corduroying 52 rods  160 00 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 409
Sumas Municipality. Grant of $1,000 for genetal improvement of roads, &c, 1893-4, which,
owing to the flood of 1894, was not expended until last spring ; also a special grant of
$1,915 to make good damage done by flood of 1894.
Campbell Bridge, hauling rock and repairs  $ 25 00
Campbell Creek Bridge; length, 120 feet; width, 16 feet; 28 piles driven
and capped ; stringers, flooring, braces, and hand-rail, all sawn fir lumber 539 97
Huntingdon Road Bridge repairs, new stringers, caps, and flooring of sawn
fir lumber  210  38
Repairs at the Mud Bridge, raising and grading road from bridge to bank. 99  32
Repairs to Roscoe Bridge       13  21
Repairs to York Bridge  43 29
Repairs to culvert near Barker's, and filling in roadway with rock  120  66
Repairs on the Yale Road, along the mountain on the east side of prairie,
cribbing and filling in with rock, grading and gravelling     660  23
Huntingdon  Road  repairs,  constructing  13  culverts,  300  feet  corduroy,
grading and gravelling  326  23
Wade's Trail across Sumas Mountain, grading and general repairs  100 00
Repairs on the Sumas and Whatcom Road, grading and general repairs . 115 98
Repairs on the Yale Road, from  Barker's Slough  westward across the
prairie to Abbottsford,  grading, &c, hauling rock to load culverts and
bridges      660 83
Special Grant of $7,350 to Chilliwhack Municipality to make good damage done by flood
of 1894.
Construction of a  Howe  Truss  Bridge across  Hope Slough;  span, 89 feet, resting on
cribbed abutments, filled with rock and gravel; approaches 40 and 41 feet, respectively.
John Kerr, Contractor.
Construction of a Howe Truss Bridge across Camp Slough ; span, 118 feet, resting on pile
piers, and face-planked, with pile approaches.
Construction of a Howe Truss Bridge across Hope Slough; span, 118 feet, resting on pile
piers, and face-planked, with pile approaches.
Contract price for 3 bridges $5,700 00
Extras allowed for changes and additional work       750 00
6,450 00
Construction of a Howe Truss Bridge across the Chilliwhack River at Cultus Lake Crossing; span, 140 feet, the south end resting on a cribbed abutment, filled with rock, and
the north end resting on a rock bluff; approach of 100 feet, covered with split cedar.
Amount allowed for this bridge, $900; actual cost, about $1,300. Work performed
by day labour; R. F. Bonson, Foreman.
Richmond Municipality.    Grant of $800.
Repairs to the upper North Arm Bridge, replacing the spans which were carried away
by the flood of 1894.
Special Grant of $1,424 to Langley Municipality to make good damage done by flood of
1894.
Bridge on Trunk Road  $250 00
ii          Jackman Road  75 00
ii           Carter Road  75 00
6 bridges on River Road  600 00
Bridge, Salmon River  170 00
Bridge near Derby Townsite  45 00
Repairs to other bridges and roads, and removal of driftwood and logs.... 409 00 410 Public Works Report. 1895
Langley Municipality.    Grant of $800 for general repairs.    River Road from McEwen's to
east boundary of municipality.
Slashing 221 chains, 46 feet wide, @- $ .90 per chain  $ 20 25
7        m                 „                   2.20        ,i          15 16
11J      ..                ii                  1.90        ii          21 85
40|      „                „                  i.20        „          48 60
Grubbing and ditching  13 chains  37 30
Culvert and outlet  8 00
Stumping, ditching, and grading 27-3? chains @ $8.00 per chain  218 50
12}      ii           9.75        ii           124 00
Box drain    5 00
Stumping, ditching, and grading 37£ chains @ $5.80 per chain  217 50
,i              n                     ,.      15-       „           5.80        ,i           76 10
Culvert  7 50
Asylum for the Insane.
D. I. McLachlan, Contractor, $6,555.
G. W. Grant, Architect.
Provided all necessary materials and labour, and erected an addition in front of the
building as a residence for the Medical Superintendent. The new wing forms a central
feature to the whole structure and is of appropriate design, and provides convenient
and commodious apartments, with direct access to the whole institution.
The work is of a substantial character of stone and brick with slated roof, and is provided
with hot water heating appliances.
This contract embraced the slating of the north wing of the old building, and sundry
other improvements, and the erection of a frame Gate-keeper's Lodge.
The former Medical Officer's residence has been converted into apartments for convalescent
patients.
Other necessary and much required works and alterations have been carried out under the
direction of the Medical Superintendent.
Mission City School-house.
M. F. Tupper, Contractor, $1,288.
To furnish all plant, labour and materials; to erect and complete a frame building in the
form of a cross, 38 feet by 78 feet, containing two large class rooms, each having a
seating capacity for 60 pupils. The building has four gables and is capable of enlargement to form two additional rooms; it is to be enclosed with rustic, lathed, plastered,
wainscoted and painted throughout.
Mud Bay School-house.
David Bain, Contractor, $450.
Provided all requisites and erected a building in accordance with the plan for country
school-houses, enlarged.
Sumas School-house.
Wm. Carter, Contractor, $395.
Furnished all labour and material and erected a building in conformity with the general
plan for country schools.
South Lillooet School-house.
Samuel Edge, Contractor, $325.
Erected a building as above. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 411
Langley Prairie School-house.
J. T. Elliott, Contractor, $487.
Erected a building as above.
Westham Island School-house.
Geo. Hunter, Contractor, $513.
Erected a building as above.
Mount Lehman School-house.
A. Nicholson, Contractor, $374.
Erected a building as above.
Chilliwhack School-house.
J. R. Park, Contractor, $668.
Erected a school-house as above, enlarged.
Yale District
West Riding.
Thompson River Bridge at Ashcroft.
J. McMullen, Contractor, $11,288.    A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Supplied all plant, labour and material; erected and completed a bridge over the Thompson
river at Ashcroft.
The bridge consists of two Main Pratt Truss Iron Combination Spans of 200 feet each, two
Improved Howe Truss Spans of 90 feet each, and one Straining Beam Truss Span of
60 feet; the whole covering an extreme length of 640 feet.
All the members of the 200-foot spans, which are in tension, are constructed of iron, and
wood is only used when in compression, or under a bending strain. The iron used for
the tension members is tough fibrous rolled iron of an average ultimate resistance of
56,000 pounds per square inch. The wood in the compression members is protected
from the weather by a covering of galvanized iron.
The superstructure is supported by three piers, each of which is formed of two tapered
and inclined cylinders, of ^-inch plate iron, averaging 5 feet in diameter, placed 17
feet apart centres. The cylinders are set upon pile foundations cut off close to the
ground and capped with i 2-inch by 12-inch timbers, five piles project up into each
cylinder and the remaining space is filled with Portland cement mortar.
The two cylinders forming a pier are connected by iron rods, which pass through angle
blocks, from which cross brace beams extend; the latter are enclosed with a webbing
of 2-inch plank on each side between the cylinders.
The shorter spans are supported upon wooden bents. The piers are riprapped with
boulders.
The materials used are the very best of their several kinds, and everything essential for
the construction of a first-class highway bridge has been provided. The structure is
designed to sustain a moving load of 800 pounds per lineal foot in addition to its own
weight, and the combined strains so produced shall in no part of the bridge tax the
materials to more than one-fourth of its ultimate resistance, 412 Public Works Report. 1895
Lytton Bridge.
Arthur Stevenson, Superintendent.     Cost, $9,210.
Constructed a new bridge 410 feet long, composed of one 200-foot Howe Truss Span, two
80-foot Howe Truss Spans and approaches. The bridge is 6^ feet higher than the old
structure which it replaces, and is now 70 feet above low water mark. The spans are
supported by two trestle piers and two pile bents. The piers have each a base measuring
90 feet by 16 feet resting on bed-rock, and each has in its construction 25 pieces of
12-inch by 12-inch timber, ranging in length from 40 feet to 70 feet according to their
different angles and batters. The whole is most substantially cross-tied and sway
braced.
Ashcroft School-house.
D. Johnson, Contractor, $274.
Provided all material and put up an addition to the existing building.
January.
Nicola Road.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Cleared out rock, gravel and mud slides after heavy rain-storm.
February, March, April.
John Dundas, Foreman.
Cleared out slides, filled ruts, opened culverts, etc., between Spence's Bridge and 16-Mile
Hill; cleared out and made general repairs from 10-Mile Hill to Coutlie's; removed
rock and gravel slides and repaired ruts and culverts.
May.
Spence's Bridge and Nicola Road (40 miles).
Turnpiked 40 yards.
Cribbed 85 feet, 10 feet high.
Filled in 40 yards, 14 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 50 yards, 14 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 5 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Built 3 bridges, 27      n       14      „   '  8    n
Made general repairs and did an amount of clearing during this month.
June.
No one but the section man was employed this month.    Kept road clear of rock slides, etc.
July.
R. Tradden, Foreman.
Forest cleared,       300 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed, 300      „      10
Graded, 300      „      10
Excavated earth,   300      h        8        n 4 feet deep.
Built 4 bridges, 53 feet by 14 feet by 20 feet high.
Three of above bridges were built over chasms in rock bluffs, consequently the cost of
construction was greater than usual.
July, August, September.
Nicola Section.
Kept the road clear of rock-slides and made general repairs. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 413
September.
Cribbed, 210 feet, 7 feet high.
Excavated earth, 100 yards, 4 yards wide, 6 feet deep.
Filled in, 210      m      6 feet wide,     4        n
Gravelled, 125      n    10 n 8 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 15 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet.
October.
Section man employed during month keeping  road clear of rock and gravel slides, filling
ruts, &c, &c.
October.
Graded 750 yards, 15 feet wide.
Cribbed 173    „ 7 feet high.
Excavated earth     500    ii 4 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Filled in 173    n 8        „        3J
Gravelled 900    n       14        n 12 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 4 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
November.
Cribbed     150 feet, 5 feet high.
Filled in    150 yards, 5 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Gravelled  100    n     10        n 8 inches deep.
January.
Ferries.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Operated Spence's Bridge and Ashcroft Ferry.
March.
Seward's Road.
Graded    200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Filled in   50    „       14        „        1 to 6 feet deep.
Made 2 culverts, 4 feet by 18 feet by 2J feet.
Built 2 bridges, 23    „ 16    „        8    „
Cleaned out and made general repairs from Lytton to Seward's.
April.
McKay and Loring Road and Lillooet Trail.
Cleaned out and made general repairs from Seward's to Foster's Bar; also from Seward's
to Loring's.    Removed fallen timber, rocks, and slides, filled up ruts, <fec.
April.
Painted entire superstructure of Lytton Bridge.
June.
Cold water Road, 26 Miles.
Cut out and removed fallen trees, cleaned out slides, filled up ruts, washouts, &c, &c.
June.
Mammit Lake Road, 29 Miles.
Cleaned out all slides, cut and  removed  fallen  timber, filled  up ruts, and made general
repairs from Nicola to Allan's Ranch. 414 Public Works Report. 1895
July 22nd to Slst.
Built new Road between Lytton and Foster's Bar.
Forest cleared 1 mile, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed 1     n     12 n
Graded 1     n      12 n
Cribbed 48 yards, 7 feet high.
Excavated earth 1700 yards, 12 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 20    „       16 n 4
Built 3 bridges, 16 feet by 14 feet by 9J feet.
Aitgitst 1st to 19th.
Lytton to Foster's Bar Road.
Forest cleared 2 miles, 40 feet wide.
Grubbed 2    .,       12 „
Graded 2    „       12
Cribbed 100 yards,    7 feet high.
Excavated earth 3400    n       12 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
ii rock     369    n 6      - ii 4        n
Built stone wall    226     n 4J feet high.
Built 6 bridges, 16 feet by 14 feet by 9 J feet.
August and September.
Mammit Lake and Savona.
This is a new road starting from the Savona and Kamloops Road, about two miles east of
Savona, and following up the Three Mile Creek, and connecting the Nicola and Mammit
Lake Road at Allan's Ranch, 16| miles.
Forest cleared 16| miles, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed about 12      n      8        n
Graded „     12       m       8
Corduroyed 100 yards,      14 n
Gravelled     100      n 12
Made 3 culverts, 4 feet by 14 feet by 3 feet.
Built 3 bridges, 60    n 14    „        4    „
January, February, and March.
Hope and Similkameen Trail.
Geo. A. Goldsbrough, Foreman.
Built 1 bridge, 244 feet, by 12 feet by 16 feet.
May.
Graded    500 yards, 5 feet wide.
Filled in 400      „      4        „        by 2 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet by 8 feet by 6 feet.
Cut out fallen timber, cleaned out gravel and rock slides.
Repaired washouts and culverts from Hope to Keremeos.
June.
HoPE-SlMILKAMEEN   TRAIL   AND   HOPE   AND   NlCOLA   TRAIL.
Grubbed   2000 yards, 6 feet wide.
Graded        200      „      6        „
Corduroyed  20      n      8        n
Gravelled    100      ti      6        n        and 6 inches deep.
Cut out fallen timber, cleaned out slides and loose rock. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 415
Repaired culverts and corduroy on the Hope-Similkameen Trail.
Put on hand-rails and spiked  planks,   and  put in  one truss rod on Tulameen Bridge at
Princeton.
Opened  the  Nicola  Trail,  cut  out  the fallen  timber,  cleaned  slides, repaired culverts,
corduroy, and cribbing from Hope to Nicola.
July.
H0PE-SlMILKAMEEN   TRAIL   AND   HoPE-PoPCUM   WAGGON   ROAD.
Graded       2000 yards, 4 feet wide.
Corduroyed 200      „      8
Made 2 culverts, 8 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 75 feet by 12 feet by 8 feet.
Made general repairs, filled in mud holes, cut out overhanging brush, repaired corduroys
and cribbing, cleaned up loose rocks, graded 600 yards of waggon road from Popcum
to Cheam, raised centre of road one foot, ditched both sides, and cut bush 2 miles west
from Popcum.
Replaced 1 bridge, 12 miles below Hope, and put 1 new stringer in bridge 1 mile east of
Popcum.
August.
Graded     500 yards, 5 feet wide.
Gravelled 600      ti      5        n        6 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 12 feet by 10 feet by 10 feet.
Cleaned out loose rocks and repaired cribbing and corduroys.
Cut out fallen timber and brush on each side of trail from Hope to Similkameen.
September.
Cut out brush from  St. Elmo to Popcum, 15 feet on each side; cleaned out loose rock;
made 100 feet of new road, 3 miles below Hope, on the Hope-Popcum Waggon Road.
October.
Built 1 bridge, 150 feet by 12 feet by 10 feet (Skagit River).
Cleaned loose rock and  slides,  cut  out  fallen timber,  and  repaired culverts, corduroys,
ditches, and mud holes between Hope and Similkameen.
Repaired bridge and one washout on Hope-Popcum Waggon Road.
November.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
Cleaned  out  loose rocks,  repaired culverts,  and   cut  out  timber  between Hope and
Similkameen.
Repaired washouts and small culverts between Hope and Popcum.
April.
Hope-Popcum Waggon Road.
Ditched 800 yards, 2 feet deep, 1 foot wide.
Filled in 600      „    12        „     '   1
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet by 8 feet and 6 feet by 2 feet.
Made general repairs, filled in washouts,  changed  creeks  to old   channels, cut out overhanging brush, and filled in mud holes.
Similkameen River Bridge.
Geo. A. Goldsbrough, Foreman.
Built a new bridge, 244 feet long, 12 feet wide, supported on 2 substantial piers. 416 Public Works Report. 1895
North Riding.
A.  Stevenson,  Superintendent.
Long Lake and Louis Creek Road.
Repaired, cleaned out slides, etc., on Upper Louis Creek Road.
Edwards' Creek Road (9 miles).
Cleaned out and generally repaired ; made 1^ miles of new road around Miller's Hill.
Adams' Lake Road (18J miles).
Repaired Louis Creek Road.
Repaired 1J miles of road.
Widened and repaired 12 miles from Louis Creek to Raven's ranch.
Built 6J miles of new road.
Repaired one bridge, 45 feet long.
North Thompson Road (east side, 40 miles).
Cleaned and generally repaired road from Kamloops to Louis Creek.
Cleaned out big slide above Edwards' ranch.
Lowered grade and widened road at each end.
South Thompson River Road (north side).
Repaired and improved road from Kamloops to Harper's Camp, a distance of 9 miles.
Built one bridge, 90 feet by 14 feet by 12 feet.
Built        >. 95    ii     '   16    ii 16    n
South Thompson River Road (south side).
Built board fence 500 feet long and  5  feet  high, to keep  sand  off the road  at  Victor
Guillaume's Ranch.
Repaired and cleaned out road from Kamloops to Shuswap, 35 miles.
Campbell Creek Road.
Cleaned and generally repaired, 20 miles.
Grand Prairie Road (30 miles).
Repaired Duck's Hill.
Put in bulkhead of logs to stop water from running round Duck's Bridge.
Repaired road and removed timber.
Grand Prairie and Fish Lake Road.
Cleaned and repaired road throughout.
North Thompson Road (west side, 15 miles).
Cleaned and repaired road throughout.
Nicola and Kamloops Road (42 miles).
Repaired culverts, cleaned ditches, removed rocks and generally repaired throughout.
Removed heavy rock slide at Nicola Lake Reserve.
Douglas Lake Road (15 miles).
Repaired Nicola Bridge, partly removed abutments and filled in with rock.
Renewed covering and hand-rail throughout.
Cleaned out and repaired road. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 417
Shuswap and Tappen Siding Road (7| miles).
Cleaned out and repaired road from Shuswap to Little Lake.
Extended road from Little Lake to Philip McBryan's ranch, 2J miles.
Salmon Arm Road (east side, 9 miles).
Made general repairs from school-house to East Road.
Widened and graded road from school to-station, 2 miles.
Grubbed out a number of large stumps.
Covered corduroy with earth.
Repaired culverts and bridges.
Salmon Arm Road (west side, 4 miles).
Cleaned out and made general repairs.
Grubbed out stumps, filled mud holes and slashed timber, etc.
Built bridge over Salmon River on a new site, good and substantial  on pile foundations ;
the old bridge having been washed out by the freshet.
Tranquille Road (8 miles).
Cleaned out and made general repairs.
Kamloops and Savona Road (30 miles).
Cleaned out slides, removed rocks, and made general repairs throughout.
New Roads Constructed.
Canoe Creek Road.
Made f-mile, from mouth of Canoe Creek to connect with Enderby Road through heavy
side hill.
Made repairs on one mile of road cut out by settlers.
Enderby and Canoe Creek Road (2 miles).
Made a fairly passable road from Salmon Arm Station to line between  North and  East
Ridings.
Sicamous and Eagle Pass Trail (6 miles).
Cut out all trees, brush and logs, and graded to a clear width of  6  feet,   from  north-east
end of Mara Lake to Hathaway's ranch in Eagle Pass Valley.
Craigellachie Road.
Made a short piece of road from Eagle Pass Waggon Road to Craigellachie Station.
Made turning place at station.
Back Valley Road (3J miles).
Made new road from Joe St. Laurent's house to Six-Mile Creek.
Eagle Pass Waggon Road (7 miles).
This opens the old waggon road in Eagle Pass from Hathaway's ranch to a point opposite
the Craigellachie Station.
Removed all trees, brush, logs and stones to a  clear  width  of  12  feet  and made road
passable for waggons.
Mara Lake and Sicamous Trail (5 miles.)
Removed all logs and brush to a clear width of 6 feet. 418 Public Works Report. 1895
South Thompson Road (north side, 12 miles).
Made new road from Harper's Camp to one mile above Duck's Station.
Built one bridge, 80 feet by 14 feet by 18 feet.
Do        „ 90       m      14      „       18    „
Filled in 30 feet by 20 feet wide by 15 feet deep.
Joe Todd's to Duck's Meadow (12 miles).
Made road to connect the Grand Prairie Road with the Campbell Creek Road.
Main Trunk Road.
Built new scow for free ferry at Savona; removed cable from  towers at Ashcroft;   took
same to Savona and fixed in position on towers built there.
East Riding.
Febritary and March.
Kettle River Bridge.
Dougald Melnnes, Foreman.
Total length of bridge, 273 feet, consisting of 3 trussed spans, 60 feet each, and 1 bank
opening of 20 feet; 2 approaches, 57 feet and 16 feet long, respectively; piers of
flattened fir, 10 inches on face, all joints halved and bedded evenly; every second
round alternate tie logs notched and saddled into sides of piers; all timber securely
drift-bolted with f-in. square iron; piers filled to top with rock, and rip-rapped 5 feet
high all round; length of centre pier, 34 feet from heel to nose in bed of creek, 22 feet
on top, with slope of 1 inch for 12 feet from a point above low water mark to a point
2 feet above high water mark; corbels, 10 inches by 12 inches, ends bevelled and well
secured to pier with f-in. drift-bolts 20 inches long; stringers, 10 inches by 12 inches
by 64 feet; straining and needle beams, 10 inches by 12 inches; planking, 3 inches,
secured with 6-in. spikes.
February and March.
Rebuilding Bridge over Kettle River at McLaren's.
John McLaren, Foreman.
9 stringers, 10 inches by 14 inches by 66 feet; 6 straining beams, 10 inches by 12 inches
by 36 feet; 3 needle beams, 10 inches by 12 inches by 32 feet; 3 stringers for approach,
16 feet long; 3 stringers for approach, 70 feet long; raised 1 pier 16 feet higher;
raised 1 pier 12 feet higher; both piers rip-rapped 5 feet high all round; length of
bridge over all, 285 feet.
Built by the settlers in part.
March.
Okanagan Boundary Road.
Dougald Melnnes, Foreman.
Repairing road east of McCuddy's ranch, widened road and removed boulders over 17
miles of road.
Grubbed
4 miles, 9 feet wide.
Ditched
100 yards, 11       n
Corduroyed 100 feet,   14        n
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 2\ feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 2 feet high. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 419
May.
Grubbed and cleared 2000 yards, 8 feet wide.
Ditched 200      n       2 „ and 3 feet deep.
Corduroyed 50      n    12 n
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet long, 3 feet wide, and 2 feet deep.
Jitne.
Graded 328 yards, 1 foot wide.
Ditched 2290      n      1| feet wide, and 1-J? feet deep.
Excavated earth, 40      n      5 n 8 n
Gravelled 20      n    10 tt 12 inches deep.
Made 9 culverts, 4 feet wide, 14 feet long, 2 feet high.
Built  355  yards of  new road, forest cleared  20 feet wide, graded and grubbed 12 feet
wide ; also blasted loose boulders.
July.
Forest cleared 720 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed
300
,      10
Graded
420
.      10        i
Ditched
180     >
.       2        ,
i        2\ feet deep
Corduroyed
60      ,
,      12        ,
Filled in
250      ,
,     12        ,
t         1 foot deep.
Gravelled
7     .
10        ,
1
Made 4 culverts, averaging 14 feet long, 4 feet wide.
August.
Forest cleared 1366 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 1366      n      10        tt
Graded 2857 7 ,,        2 feet face.
October.
Forest cleared     2000 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed 1500     „      12        „
Graded 100      ,.      10
Excavated road,    100      n      10 n 4 feet deep.
Built 2 bridges, 24 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 4 feet high.
September and October.
L. Christian, Foreman.
Cribbed and filled in 600 yards, from 1 foot to 4 feet high, and from 10 to 14 feet wide,
along the shore of Vasseux Lake; timbers from 1 foot to 18 inches in diameter; all
filling of rock and gravel.
Blasted 15 cubic yards of rock.
July.
L. V. Cuppage, Foreman.
Excavated 100 yards, 2 feet deep, 5 feet wide (sand slides).
Built 1 bridge, 15 feet long, 9 feet wide, 4 feet high.
September.
North Fork of Kettle River Road.
Dougald Melnnes, Foreman.
Graded 1400 yards, 8 feet wide.
Cribbed    60      „      8        „
Built 1 bridge, 18 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 6 feet high.
6 days blasting rock. 420 Public Works Report. 1895
April.
Penticton-Osoyoos Road.
L. V. Cuppage, Foreman.
Cribbed 5 yards, 3 feet wide.
Stone broken,  444      n      8 h
Gravelled 630      n      8        n        4 inches deep.
Graded 250      n      9        n        2 feet deep.
July.
SlMILKAMEEN-OsOYOOS   ROAD.
L. V. Cuppage, Foreman.
Graded 3398 yards, 9 feet wide.
Ditched    60      „      3        „
Excavated rock 20 yards, 3 feet wide, 12 feet deep.
Filled in 28 9 3        n
Stone 23      „     6        n 4        „
August.
Grubbed 123 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 1216      „   '    9 „
Ditched   165      „        2        „
Cribbed     30      n        4        n
Excavated rock 36 vards, 5 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
Filled in 35 "   .,    10        „ 5 „
Stoned 800 yards.
Trinity Valley Trail.
J. Jackson, Contractor.
Forest cleared 2 miles, 5 feet wide.
Graded 1^     it     5 m
July.
C. Brewer, Foreman.
Forest cleared 9 miles, 5 feet wide.
Graded 4      n     5        n
Made 6 culverts, averaging 3 feet long, 8 feet wide, 8 feet high.
Built 2 bridges, 30 feet long, 8 feet wide, 8 feet high.
August.
Road on Aberdeen Estate.
C. Brewer, foreman.
Fon-st cleared 200 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading 100      „        9 „
Built 1 bridge, 25 feet long, 14 feet wide, 5 feet high.
May.
Vernon-Kamloops Road.
C   Brewer, Foreman.
It piired the road from Nelson  Duteau's t i Salmon River.
Filled in holes and levelled off grades.
Total length of road repaired, 38 miles. 59 Vtcr. Public Works Report. 42l
Creighton Valley  Road.
James Cameron, Contractor.
^ mile ditching, 3 feet wide and 1^ feet deep ; |- mile ditch cleared out; 1 culvert
rebuilt 6 feet long, 14 feet wide ; levelled all hillocks and filled in all low places for a
distance of | mile.
June.
Charles Brewer, Foreman.
Graded 888 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched       700     n        4
Corduroyed 600      n      12 n
Gravelled    600     n      10        u        6 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 16 feet wide, 24 feet long, 4 feet high.
Raised centre of road bed and rounded off road for A mile.
October.
Repaired road from Daly's ranch to Baxter's.
Blue Springs Road.
Charles Brewer, Foreman.
Graded  1140 yards, 10 feet wide; 400 yards of this with a face of from  3 to  6  inches
deep.
Forest cleared 1140 yards, 15 feet wide.
Rebuilt 1 bridge, 15 feet long, 15 feet wide.
November.
Gravelled road at Lumby, 200 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Au.gust.
Phillips' Road.
C. Brewer, Foreman.
Repaired 1J miles of road ; filled in holes, levelled off grades, etc.
April.
Road West Side Spallumcheen River.
L. Christian, Foreman.
2 bridges, 25 feet by 14 feet by 4 feet; 4 stringers on mud-sills, covered with split cedar.
Took out roots and filled in holes from Proctor's place to Elson's ranch.
Distance of road repaired, 6 miles.
James Eves, Contractor.
Repaired old corduroy 334 feet.
Corduroyed 246 feet 12 feet wide.
Brushed 1J miles 20 feet wide.
March.
Road East Side Spallumchern River.
W. Handcock, Foreman.
250 yards ditching, 2 by 3 ; 3 culverts, 5 by 14 by 2, covered with round poles flattened. 422 Public Works Report. 1895
April.
L. Christian, Foreman.
Built 2 bridges, 25 by 14 by 4, 4 stringers on mud-sills covered with split cedar; 4
approaches, 10 feet long each, covered with split cedar; gravelled 100 yards, 1 foot
deep, 10 feet wide; graded on Fortune's road, 100 yards, 15 feet wide.
August.
Put on ferry at Mara, cable, 600 feet 1-inch steel wire; scow, 12 by 26 by 2, with aprons
5 by 12, all of 2-inch fir plank, with blocks and stay ropes.
August and September.
S. Appleby, Foreman.
Made two grades down banks of river, and two approaches to the ferry landing; repaired
main road; brushed 250 yards, 20 feet wide; graded 375 yards, 20 feet wide; corduroyed
38 yards, 12 feet wide; 1 culvert, 5 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet; 1 bridge, 90 feet by 14
feet by 4 feet; 1 bridge, 45 by 15 by 8; repaired road from ferry, east, for J mile;
filled in holes and took out stumps on main road ; brushed road; broke and took out
stones for a distance of 5 miles; made new road at Weir's ranch for 160 yards.
September.
Salmon River Road.
C. Brewer, Foreman.
Repaired 3 miles of this road; filled in holes; grubbed out stumps ; levelled off grades,
and brushing sides of the road.
September.
Salmon Arm Road.
C. Brewer, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 12 feet wide, 6 miles.
Graded, 1J miles, 8 feet wide.
September.
Deep Creek Road.
C. Brewer, Foreman.
Cleared out 9 miles of road of fallen timber and brush; ditched, 150 yards, 2 feet wide,
1J feet deep.
April.
Okanagan Mission Road.
James Crozier, Foreman.
Repairing Mission Creek dam.
Cribbed, 97 yards, 6 feet wide, 4 feet high.
Removed 4 log jams in the creek bed.
May.
D. Nicholson, Foreman.
Filled in 15 yards, 14 feet wide, 1 foot deep.
Gravelled, 12 yards, 16 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
June.
Ditched, 100 yards, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled, 20 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 423
October.
Forest cleared,    200   yards,   40 feet wide.
Grubbed, 300 „      40 „
Graded, 2\ miles,   30 n
Ditched, 5        n        4        n
Filled in 300   yards,   19 „        2 feet deep.
Made 3 culverts, averaging 4 feet long, 18 feet wide and 3 feet deep.
Recorder's Office and Lock-up at Midway.
T. E. Crowell, Contractor.
Recorder's Office, 44 feet by 30 feet, one story
Cottage roof, with hall and six rooms, verandah, 6 feet by 18 feet.
All studding joists and rafters of fir. All inside walls and ceilings plastered in two
coats, with lath -|-inch apart.
Roof of cedar shingles, 4J-inch weather, and painted with red mineral paint. Rafters,
2-inch by 6-inch, 2-foot centers. Outside walls finished with rustic. All floors doubled,
with tar paper between.    Chimney, 3 feet below roof, 18 inches by 18 inches.
Lock-up, 16 feet by 24 feet, with one room and two cells, 12 feet high, cottage roof.
Walls of hewed logs, 8-inch by 10-inch, dovetailed  on corners  and drift  bolted every  3
feet all round.
Floor of logs 8 inches thick, laid close together and covered with 1-inch by 6-inch T. & G.
lumber.
Ceiling of hewn timber, 5 inches thick.
Partitions of 2-inch plank, doubled, diagonally and vertically, and spiked from both sides.
Roof, cedar shingles, 4J inches to weather, rafters, 2-inch by 6-inch fir, 2 feet centers.
Deep Creek School-house.
Jas. Muire, Contractor, $425.
Furnished all labour and material, and erected a building in conformity with the general
plan for country schools.
Okanagan Mission School-house.
H. W. Raymur, Contractor, $500.
Erected a building as above.
Otter Lake School-house.
T. W. Fletcher, Contractor, $471.
Erected a building as above.
Midway School-house.
Wm. Powers, Contractor,
Erected a building as above. 424 Public Works Report. 1895
Main Trunk Road.
 :o:	
Sections 1 and 2.
Arthur Stevenson, Superintendent.
February.
Removed rock slides, filled up  wash-outs,   and  made general  repairs  between Spence's
Bridge and the 90-Mile Post.
March.
Cribbed 15 yards, 12 feet high.
Excavated 50    n 4        n        3 feet deep.
Filled in 20    „       18        „        5 „
Built stone wall, 20    n 3
Built bridge, 24 feet by 16 feet by 4 feet.
Filled up and repaired approaches to Ashcroft bridge.
April.
Repaired road between Oregon Jack's and Ashcroft.
May.
Cleaned out and repaired the trail from  Lytton to Spence's  Bridge,  and made  general
repairs from Ashcroft to Savona.
June.
Repaired Deadman's Creek hill, and the road from Cornwall's to Ashcroft.
Tightened the bolts on Ashcroft and Lytton bridges.
July.
Made necessary repairs on Deadman's Creek road.
August.
Repaired approaches to Savona Ferry.
November.
Cleaned out slides, removed  rocks,  and made  general  repairs from Lytton  to  Jackass
Mountain.
Built one approach to Alexandra Bridge, 86 feet by 11 feet wide, 22 feet high.
Filled in approach with gravel and rock.
Yale-Emory Road.
Repaired bridges with planks.
Slashed sides of road and built new culverts.
Sections 3 and 4.
Thomas Barton, Superintendent.
April.
Section 3.
Graded     700 yards, 3 feet wide.
Ditched    650      „      2
Stoned        40      n    15 ,. 3 feet deep.
Gravelled 150      n    14        n      12 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 21 feet by 5 feet. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 425
May.
Section 3.
Forest cleared 2\ miles, 50 feet wide.
Graded      1710 yards, 4 feet wide.
Ditched      435      „      3
Stoned 20      ,,20        „        4 feet deep.
Gravelled   310      ,,    15        ,,      12 inches deep.
Made 9 culverts averaging 20 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 24 feet by 20 feet by 5 feet.
June.
Section 3.
Forest cleared 1| miles, 50 feet wide.
Graded    1000 yards, 3 feet wide.
Ditched    300      ■■      3
Gravelled 900      ,,    12 ,, 10 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet.
Built 2 bridges averaging 20 feet by 18 feet by 8 feet.
Section 4-
Ditched     550 yards, 3 feet wide.
Stoned 20      ,,      3        ,,        3 feet deep.
Gravelled  150      ,,12 ,,       10 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts averaging 6 feet by 18 feet by 10 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 26 feet by 18 feet by 10 feet.
July.
Section 3.
Forest cleared 2 miles, 50 feet wide.
Ditched      2400 yards, 3 feet wide.
Gravelled     500      „    15 ,, 10 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts averaging 20 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
Section 4.
Forest cleared 800 yards, 66 yards wide.
Graded 400      „      14 feet wide.
Ditched 385      „        2\      „
Gravelled 600      ,,      12 ,, 10 inches deep.
Made 6 culverts averaging 16 feet by 6 feet by 3 feet.
August.
Section 4-
Forest cleared 880 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded 500      ,,        4        ,,
Ditched 300      „        3        „
Gravelled        1200      „      14        „ 10 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert 20 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet
Forest cleared 200 yards, 60 feet wide.
Graded 80      „      14        „
Ditched 300      „        3        „
Filled in 20      „      14        „        6 feet deep.
Gravelled 550      „      12 „      10 inches deep.
Made 7 culverts averaging 3 feet by 18 feet by 3 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 32 feet by 18 feet by 10 feet. 426 Public Works Report. 1895
September.
Section 4-
Grubbed    230 yards, 24 feet wide.
Ditched     600      „        3
Gravelled  300      n      14 ,, 8 inches deep.
Section 3.
Forest cleared 2\ miles, 60 feet wide.
Gravelled 600 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts averaging 6 feet by 18 feet by 3 feet.
Made general repairs from 70-Mile post to Cache Creek.
Filled in ruts, cleared out slides, and threw off loose rocks, &c.
Took out and replaced 3000 feet of planking on Bonaparte bridge.
October.
Sections 3 and 4-
Forest cleared 1800 yards, 66 feet wide
Grubbed 1000      „      66
Graded 1500      „      20
Made 3 culverts averaging 22 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet.
Repaired 2 culverts and 1 bridge.
Removed loose rocks off road from 137-Mile post to Clinton.
November and December.
Section 3.
Graded 900 yards, 8 feet wide.
Excavated 1000     „    20        „
Excavated rock     40     i,     4        ,,
Stoned 10     ,,      3        ,,
Filled in 200     „    10
Made a culvert, 6 feet by 30 feet by 3 feet.
Sections 5 and 6, Soda Creek to Barkerville—116 Miles.
J. H. St Laurent, Superintendent.
The following is a summary of the work done on these sections during the year.
18,450 yards forest cleared, averaging 50 feet wide,
grading, 10 feet wide,
ditching, 2 feet 6 inches wide,
corduroy, 20 feet wide,
cribbing, averaging 8 feet high,
earth excavated,
rock ti
filling.
gravelling, averaging 10 feet wide and 10 inches deep.
53 culverts put in, 3 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 3 feet deep.
7 bridges built, 18 feet wide and 12 feet high, aggregating 207 feet in length.
In addition to the foregoing work, 500 yards of new road have been constructed along
Lightning Creek to replace that portion of the road washed away by the high water of
1894. A new bulk-head has been built at Four-Mile Creek, 40 yards long and 4 feet
high. Logs and brush have been cut out from road and removed. Roots and rocks
have also been removed from roadbed. Ditches on both sides of the road have been
cleaned out, deepened, and enlarged. Old bridges have been repaired, old culverts
cleaned out, and general repairs made throughout the entire length of both sections.
610
6,025
116
425
2,247
49
1,483
17,531 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 427
Lillooet District.
 :o:	
East Riding.
Thomas Barton, Superintendent.
April.
Big Bar Road (12 Miles).
Cribbed 125 yards, 6 feet high.
Filled in 25      ,,      7    ,,   wide, 6 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert, 6 feet by 14 feet by 3 feet.
Removed loose rocks and gravel slides.
Part of this road was badly damaged by snow water in month of March.
May.
Dog Creek and Hat Creek Roads.
Three men on Dog Creek Road   cleaned  out gravel slide,   and  filled in  washouts  from
Clinton to Dog Creek—60 miles.
Hat Creek Road—one section man doing general repairs.
June.
Forest cleared \ mile, 30 feet wide.
Graded 500 yards, 1 foot wide.
Shovelled out slides, removed rocks, opened culverts and ditches, and filled up ruts, &c.
July.
Graded      300 yards, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled 500      ,,    10        ,i 10 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, averaging 14 feet by 14 feet by 2 feet.
Built 1 bridge, 14 feet by 12 feet by 5 feet.
Made general repairs from Dog Creek Mountain to boundary of District—16 miles.
August.
St. Mary's Creek Ferry Road.
Graded  500 yards, 2 feet wide.
Ditched 100      „      1 „
Made 2 culverts averaging 12 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
September.
Made general repairs from Big Bar Creek to Crow's Bar—16 miles.
Made general repairs from Canoe Creek to Churn Creek Ferry—12 miles.
Cleared all loose rocks off road-bed from Canoe Creek to Clinton—52 miles.
July, August, and September.
108-Mile Road to Horsefly.
T. Barton, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 2610 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 6280      „        8        „
Graded 3260      „      12        „
Corduroyed 325      ,,      16        t. 428 Public Works Report. 1895
Excavated earth, 75 yards, 12 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Excavated rock, 30 yards wide, 2 feet deep.
Filled in 75      „      12 feet wide,    2
Stoned 3000      „        8
Made 18 culverts, averaging 6 feet by 16 feet by 5 feet.
Built 3 bridges, averaging 25 feet by 16 feet by 5 feet.
Forest fires ran over a large portion of this road, which necessitated renewing a good deal
of corduroying and the cutting out of large quantities of fallen timber.
The foundation to bridge over railroad,   15  miles  from   108,  was  made secure, and the
structure braced so as to stand freshets.
West Riding.
A. McDonald, Superintendent.
April and May.
Lillooet-Alexandria Road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel from Lillooet to 26-Mile Post.
Put in new cribbing at 7-Mile Post, 114 feet long, and 5 feet high.
Put in cribbing, 125 feet long, and 6J feet high, on high shelf of bed-rock above road on
the cut-off, to prevent the gravel from sliding.
Empire  Valley Road (connecting with Ferry on Fraser River, near Churn Creek).
Constructed a trail, 3 feet wide, and 1|- miles long, on line and grade of above road.
Built a bridge across  St.  Mary's  Creek,  -1  mile from  mouth; span, 40 feet; width, 11
feet; total length, 76 feet; height, 11 feet; covering hewed to 3 inches thick.
Constructed a road approach from Gang Ranch and Empire Valley Roads to the Ferry,
550 yards long by 9 feet wide; average depth of excavation, 4| feet.
All the material for the above bridge was hauled a distance of 4 miles.
May.
1
Trail, Empire Valley to Wycott's.
Removed old covering and strings on pack bridge across St. Mary's Creek ; built abutment on north side, 4 feet high ; put in 3 stringers, 40 feet long, across stream, and 3
stringers, 30 feet long, from abutment to high bank ; put on new covering, 76 feet in
length, and 7 feet in width.
May.
Lillooet-Lytton Trail.
Cleared off slides, rocks, and gravel, and made general repairs to the above from the Fraser
River Bridge to the 25-Mile Post.
McEwen's Waggon Road.
Excavated \ a mile in length, with an average depth of 2 feet, of side hill for waggon
road, connecting McEwen's upper farm wdth main Empire Valley Road.
and June.
Cayoosh Creek Road.
Constructed a pack bridge across Cayoosh Creek; span, 56 feet; 2 abutments, 6 feet high
each ; total length of bridge covered, 90 feet.
Cleared off rocks from Seaton Lake to pack bridge, 6 miles.
Excavated 600 yards in length of new trail below bridge. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 429
Marble Canyon Road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel from the 22-Mile Post to Martley's, 4 miles.
Excavated  450 yards in length, by 9 feet wide, average  3 feet deep, of  new  road  east
of Martley's.
Drilled and blasted 35 large boulders on this road.
June.
Chadwick-Hoey Road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel, and made general repairs to road from Cayoosh Creek, near
mill, to Dickey's, lO miles.
Excavated 200 yards in length, and average depth of 3 feet, of new road above Swarts'
farm.
Constructed a bridge, 28  feet  in length,  and  4 feet in height, across gulch near Riley's
farm.
July.
Lillooet-Alexandria Road.
Cleared oft rocks and gravel, and repaired 5 culverts between the 26 and 35-Mile Posts.
Marble Canyon Road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel, and  made general repairs  from the 4-Mile Post to head of
Marble Canyon, 9 miles.
July and August.
Lillooet-Alexandria Road.
To avoid the steep grade on the 6-Mile Hill, a new road, 1,600 yards in length, has been
excavated on a grade of 9 inches in 12 feet.
Excavated 4,270 feet, 8 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Trail, West Side Fraser River.
Excavated 1 mile of new trail on side-hill, 2 feet wide, and average depth of 1 foot, from
top of Black Hill to the top of bench at the 15-Mile Post.
September and October.
Pemberton Portage.
Cut and cleared away the overhanging  trees  and  brush from  the 6-Mile Post to Poole
Creek Bridge, 14 miles.
Made 2 pieces of new road, 300 yards long and 9 feet wide, around breaks caused by high
water in Poole Creek.
Repaired bridges and corduroy from Poole Creek Bridge north, 5 miles.
Hat Creek Road.
Cleared off rocks and gravel and cut out cottonwood roots in road-bed from head of Marble
Canyon to P. Parke's meadow, 9 miles.
September.
Howe Sound Trail (foot of Seaton Lake to head of Anderson Lake.)
Replaced 3 bents in bridge at 2-Mile Bluff.
Replaced 6 stringers and covering in bridge at 2-Mile Bluff.
Cleared off rocks, slides,  and  made general repairs from  foot of Seaton Lake to 4-Mile
Bluff.
Replaced new covering on bridge, 35 feet long, on Portage Creek.
Cutting off fallen timber round Anderson Lake. 430 Public Works Report. 189i
May and September.
Pemberton Meadows Road (up Lillooet River.)
Hauled timber and built 2 bridges, 35 and 40 feet long, and 9 feet wide, across two
sloughs on road between Butler's and Brown's.
Howe Sound Trail.
Built pack-bridge, 57 feet long and 8 feet wide, across the 6-Mile Creek, to replace the
one burned summer 1894.
September.
Lillooet to Seaton Lake Road.
Cut timber and put in cribwork, 30 feet in length and 7 feet in height, and filled same
with rock and gravel, to prevent Cayoosh Creek from washing road away.
October.
Lillooet-Clinton Road (near Fraser River Bridge).
Built the high cribwork above road 4 feet higher, to prevent gravel and rocks from sliding
on to road.    Crib is 120 feet long.
Made sundry minor and necessary repairs to Court Houses and other Government buildings at Lillooet and Clinton at different dates during the year 1895, and at this date
they are all in thorough and efficient repair.
Cariboo District.
Quesnelle, Alexandria, Williams Lake and Chilcotin Divisions.
J. H. St. Laurent,  Superintendent.
Nechaco Trail.
Forest cleared    85 miles, 16 feet wide.
Corduroyed      175 yards,   8 ,,
Graded 200    „        6
Cut out and removed fallen timber, 16 feet wide, and removed obstructions on the trail
between Quesnelle and Stoney Creek, a distance of 110 miles.
Fallen timber has been removed, and other necessary repairs made to the following roads
and trails :—
Hixon Creek Trail; trail on the west side of the Fraser from Quesnelle to Alexandria;
trail from main road to Cottonwood River; trail to Baker and Duclos, and Sunnyside
Farm; Mud Lake Road; Williams Lake Road; Mission Road; Chimney Creek Road;
Alkali Lake Road; road from  150-Mile House to Mission and Williams Lake; and
Springfield Farm Road.
Quesnelle River Road.
Forest cleared 200 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded 100     „       6        „
Excavated       384      ,,      earth.
Removed fallen timber and slides. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 431
Chilcotin Roads.
Forest cleared 600 yards, 25 feet wide.
Grubbed
200
11
14
Graded
400
H
14
Cribbed
20
II
15 feet high.
Excavated
200
11
earth.
Excavated
90
It
rock.
Filled
110
II
Built 1 new bridge, 12 feet long, 12 feet wide.
Removed slides and rock from bed of road ; and placed the roads in good order for traffic,
from Soda Creek and Chimney Creek to Alexis Creek.
Built a new bridge over the Springfield Farm Road, 90 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 12
feet high, and a new bridge over the Chilcotin River, one and a half miles above
Hanceville, to replace the bridge carried away by the high water of 1894.
Barkerville and Lightning Creek Divisions.
J. H. St. Laurent, Superintendent.
Improved the Grouse and Antler Creek Road by making ditches, filling soft places with
gravel and removing fallen timbers.
Removed the fallen timber and made necessary repairs on the following roads and trails:—
Trail from end of Antler  Creek   Waggon Road,  along   Antler  Creek ;   Swift  River to
Cunningham and Harvey Creeks, and down Antler Creek.
Trail from Barkerville to Canadian Creek, up Grouse Creek, and between Grouse Creek,
Begg's Gulch and Stevens' Creek.
Trails to Shepherd Creek, Goat River, Stewart's Valley, Hardscrabble and Sugar Creeks.
Slough Creek Road; Lowhee Creek Trail.
Trails leading from main road to Nelson, Rushon, Timnion and Peter's Creeks.
Mosquito Creek Road.
Gravelled 5970 yards ; made repairs of a general nature and placed the road in good
order for traffic.
Pine Creek, Summit Creek and Bear Lake Trail.
Forest cleared        4 miles.
Grubbed 7040 yards.
Corduroyed        316      ,,       8 feet wide.
Graded 5280     „      3
Excavated       7920     ,,      of rock.
Put in 8 culverts.
Built 4 bridges, 10 feet high, and aggregating 305 feet in length.
Placed the old road over the mountain from Stanley to Barkerville in good order for light
traffic ; built 2 new bridges, and removed fallen timber and slides from the road.
Constructed 300 yards of new road between Barkerville and Lowhee Creek.
Works and Buildings.
A small yard, 12 feet square, connected with the Richfield Gaol, has been built this
season to afford prisoners access to fresh air. The enclosure is constructed of 2-inch
plank, 14 feet long, placed perpendicularly and securely spiked to a strong timber frame.
Owing to the old road over the mountain between Barkerville and Stanley having fallen
into disuse for general traffic, the Government Office at Richfield has become isolated;
therefore, for the greater convenience of the public, a house in Barkerville has been
purchased and fitted up, into which the Government Office has just been removed. 432 Public Works Report. 1895
Alexandria-Beaver Lake Road.
Wm. Stephenson, Superintendent; John Hodson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 13f miles 20 feet wide.
Graded 3J    ,,       8        ,,
Filled in depressions 10^    ,,        8 „
Cut down knolls        10|-    n
Built six bridges, aggregating 215 feet in length, 14 feet wide.
Built four culverts, 4 feet to 6 feet.
Widened  and  improved  3 miles  of that portion of this road which was made last year.
There is now a fair waggon road for the whole distance, 30 miles.
150-Mile House to Quesnelle Forks.
Wm. Stephenson, Superintendent.
Made general repairs to the road to Beaver Lake, distance 24 miles ; also from the latter
place to Big Lake, 8 miles.
Made 2\ miles of new road beyond Big Lake, for the purpose of avoiding bad ground.
Graded 4800 feet of side-hill, from 1 foot to 3 feet deep, 8 feet wide.
Built 3 bridges and 3 culverts.
Made general repairs to the remainder of the road to the 150-Mile House.
150-Mile House to Horsefly.
Wm. Stephenson, Superintendent.
Corduroyed 654 feet.
Graded 3100 feet, 1 foot to 2 feet deep, on side-hill, 8 feet wide.
Built a bridge 18 feet long, and made  general  repairs extending  over a  distance of 14
miles.
West Kootenay District—North Riding.
Big Bend.
Main Trail.
Frank Hilton, Foreman.
Cleared out 18 miles of trail of fallen timber, from  French  Creek  to 10-Mile Tree ; also
the following work was done, viz. : —
Forest cleared      115 yards by 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 115        „       3
Graded 115        „       3
Corduroyed 300        ,,       4
Built 2 culverts     22 feet  by 3
Excavated earth 100 yards by 3
Filled in        ,,100        „       3
Excavated rock     50 feet by 3 feet by 2\ feet deep.
„ ditch    50      „      2      „       2
Thomas Bain, Foreman.
Cleared out trail of fallen timber, 23 miles, between 10-Mile Tree and Carne's Creek,
Forest cleared 3520 yards by 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 3520        „       3
Graded 3520        „       3
Corduroyed 80        ,,       5        ,, 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 433
William H. Vickers, Foreman.
Cleared out 28 miles of trail of fallen timber from Revelstoke to Game's Creek.
Cut out 500 yards of new trail to replace portion slid into the Columbia River.
Cut out new trail in canyon, rock and sand slides; also brushed the same with a view of
preventing the trail becoming blocked. This was found to work at first, but was useless after heavy wind and rain storms.
Forest cleared 500 yards by 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 500        „       5
Graded 150        ,,       3        ,,
Corduroyed 98        ,,        5        ,,
Building 2 culverts    20 feet long 6 ,,
,,        1 bridge      50        ,,       6        ,,
Smith Creek Trail.
A. Parks, Foreman.
Cleared out fallen timber from forks of trail to mouth of Goldstream, 7 miles.
Replacing planking on bridge, and repairing corduroy where needed.
In the month of July a party under the foremanship of T. Downs was sent up to clear
the main trail for a distance of 45 miles of fallen timber after a heavy wind storm.
In the month of August men had to be sent up to corduroy portions of the trail above
Carne's Creek, and to cut out large trees fallen across the trail.
About 500 yards of corduroying was laid by J. Bourgeois.
During the season the sand and gravel slides have caused trouble by the cutting away of
the banks below by the high water in the Columbia River.
Carne's Creek Trail (extension).
J. D. Boyd, Foreman.
This is an extension of about 4 miles added to the old trail built last year.
Cut out fallen timber on old trail for a distance of nine miles.
Forest cleared 7040 yards by    9    feet.
Grubbed 6040        „ 14    „
Graded 6040        „ l|    „
This trail leads up to a group of mines discovered last year.
McCulloch Creek Trail.
A. Pelletier, Foreman.
This trail rises very rapidly from Goldstream and consists of a succession of switch-backs,
which had to be lengthened out to enable packers to pack in some heavy loads of
pumping machinery for the McCulloch Creek Mining Co.
Forest cleared 1760 yards by 3 feet wide.
Grubbed
1760
II
3
Graded
1760
It
3
Cribbed
500
It
Excavated
100
II
Filled in
100
II
The following work was done on completion of the new bridge across Downie Creek under
the foremanship of Tom Baines, so that packers, etc., could make use of the new bridge
which had to be constructed higher up the creek:—
Forest cleared 1700 yards by 5 feet wide.
Grubbed 1700 ,,      5
Corduroyed 98 ,,      5        ,,
Goldstream Bridge.
Frank Hilton, Foreman.
This bridge was built by contract at a cost of $800.    The dimensions are as follows :—
240 feet long, 7 feet wide, divided into three spans, two of 55  feet,  and  one  of  60 feet,
with two approaches, one of 40 feet and one of 30 feet.
The superstructure was laid upon piles well driven home.     The piers  were capped and
corbelled. 434 Public Works Report. 1895
This bridge was carried out by a large logjam, about the latter end of July last, which
was caused by the very high water in Goldstream.
Men were detailed to keep the bridge clear of timber and try to prevent any jam forming.
The water was within 18 inches of last year's high water mark, and it kept higher than
it has done for many years.
Mr. Geo. Laforme, the packer, has built  a scow for ferrying purposes, which  has  been
found satisfactory to all parties.
Downie Creek Bridge.
T. Bain, Foreman.
This bridge was built by clay work and is of the following dimensions :—
Length, 205 feet;   breadth, 6 feet; and divided into three spans, one of  80 feet,  one  of
65, and one of 60 feet in length, with two approaches, one of 30 feet and one of 20 feet.
The superstructure is laid upon two  crib piers, 10 by 18 by 10 feet, filled in with rock,
and two abutments,  12 by 30 by 10, also filled in with rock which were capped and
corbelled.
The north shore was brushed and covered with rock to prevent scouring.
During the month of July the high water cut away quite a large portion of the  north
bank on which the bridge rested ; piles had to be driven in to prevent the loss of  the
bridge ; also the banks were brushed and covered with rock.
A new approach was also laid to enable horses and men to pass over with safety.
Men were detailed to watch this bridge to prevent log-jams forming against the piers.
This stream has changed its course this year, and is cutting away the  north bank  of the
river.
Carne's Creek Bridge.
This bridge was saved by the efforts of a few miners and packers, and considerable work
had to be done in the shape of brushing the banks and rip-rap work.
Other Bridges.
All the large creeks, of which there are several, men had to be sent to watch the bridges
and prevent their total loss ; brushing and rip-rap work had to be done to prevent the
stream scouring out the foundations of the piers.
The exceptionally high water floated away many of ' the bridges and corduroy work on
the flats, which had to be replaced after the water subsided.
Strawberry Flat Trail.
This trail has been a source of trouble this year through the action of the Columbia River,
which is cutting away the river bank at a fearful rate. The river has changed its
course from the west to the east side, and at the present time must have cut away 200
feet of the bank. Four new trails were brushed out this year on this flat; next season
a new trail will be cut out farther inland.
This year the water in the Big Bend streams was within 18 inches of last year's mark,
and kept much higher than is usually the case, consequently more damage was done
to the trails close to the river.
Sand and gravel slides have been a source of trouble this year on account of the action of
the river cutting away the bank below the trail; brush was used to prevent the slides
filling up the trail but did not have the desired effect, consequently men had to be
detailed to shovel out the trail every time it got filled up. 59 VicT. Public Works Report. 435
Revelstoke District.
-:o:~
Revelstoke Townsite.
Foremen : H. Ross, T. Downs, and David Cowan.
The following work was performed this year :—
A new road was graded and ditched to the  freight shed of the  C.P.R., and  MeKenzie
Avenue, on the C.P.R. Townsite, which is pretty well built up.
Quite  a large portion of this new  road passes through an old beaver meadow, which
necessitated a good deal of ditching and corduroying.
The road from the Lower town to the C.P.R. station was repaired and  gravelled  where
necessary.
One bridge had to be moved off private property and placed  on  the  regular street lines.
Douglas Street was also cleared out of all brush and dead wood, and connected with Front
Street.    This greatly improves the town and makes an excellent tire-break to bush fires.
Grubbed      178 yards,
60 feet wide.
Graded         278      „
60
350      „
12
Ditched        305      „
2         ii
Corduroyed 198      ,,
14
Excavated   200      ,,
30
200      „
14
100      „
3
Filled in      200      „
30
200      ,,
14
50      „
12
Gravelled     358      ,,
12         ti         9 inches deep
Built 1 culvert, 12 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet deep.
„    1       „       28
,      8      ,,     18         ,,
,,    1 bridge   25
,    14 feet wide.
A large beaver dam was drained by excavating a ditch about 100 feet long to join street
drains on MeKenzie Avenue. This was for many years an eye-sore, and no doubt detrimental to the health of the people living in the vicinity.
Government Lots.
The following work was done in connection with the two lots on which the  Government
Buildings stand :
Revetted with turf, 30 yards in length, 18 feet high, with a slope of 1, on the river bank
above protection works put in last winter.
This work was absolutely necessary after the protection works  were  completed, as  the
bank of the river, which is composed of quicksand, was sliding away, and endangering
the safety of the Government Buildings.
The work consisted of stepping with old lumber to hold the quicksand, and then covering
the surface with grass sod and pegging them down, which has prevented any further
loss of ground.    The above work was done in preference to  crib-work, which would
have been more costly and not as durable.
Protection Works.
During the early part of this year protection works were placed on the river bank, below
the C.P.R. bridge, for a distance of about 1,375 yards. This work was thoroughly
tested this year by the high water, and I am pleased to report was a success in every
way. Mr. O. H. Allan also put in some protection  works on  his property, which were also a
success.
Government Buildings.
The following alterations were made this year :—
A new woodshed was constructed, 27 feet long.
A new picket fence, facing on Front street, 90 feet long, was  built; also fence on river
bank and alley, 130 feet long by 5 feet high.
A new board fence was placed on east side of Government property,  60 feet long by 6
feet high.
The old cells  were  removed and  a room  made, suitable for  County  and Police  Court
purposes.
Two new cells were put in and a room for the special constable,   adjoining  the  prisoners'
cells, was put in the old kitchen.
The Court Room was papered, and the constable's room papered and refloored.
In the Government Agent's quarters, new floors were laid and rooms repapered.
All old sheds were pulled down and the outside walls kalsomined.
Bridge across the Illecillewaet.
Samuel Crowle, Foreman.
The two spans of the old bridge washed away by last year's high water were dismantled
and stacked on the shore, with a view of making use of some of the timbers.
The dimensions of bridge over the main stream are as follows, viz. :—
160 feet long by 12 feet wide, divided into 5 spans, 1 of 61 feet, with overhead truss, 1 of
41 feet,  with overhead truss,  1  of 23 feet,   1  of 20 feet,  and 1 of 15 feet, with 2
approaches, 1 of 40 feet, and 1 of 35 feet in length.
The superstructure rests upon 6 piers of piles, the  larger spans upon 13 piles with nosed
piers to divert driftwood, the smaller spans upon 4 piles.    The piers are all capped and
corbelled.    Rails  were  placed  on  both  sides of bridge,  and were well braced.    All
trusses are well braced and toed.
Truss-rods are of the following dimensions :—
2 rods, 13 feet by 13 inches, and 4 nuts.
2     ,i      10       ii 6 n 4    „
8 washer-plates, 12 inches by 6 inches by f-inch.
One of the spans of the old bridge, 60 feet long, was moved across to Morgan's Sluice and
put together again, the superstructure resting upon pile piers,   8  piles  in  each  pier,
capped and corbelled.
This bridge is an overhead truss, and is of great service to the people living over the river.
Prior to the putting in of this bridge they had to ford their horses.
The bridge built last year across a sluice was strengthened by driving in piles to prevent
the cribs from being carried out by high water.
During high water men were detailed to watch the large bridge and prevent log-jams from
forming.    At times the jams were piled as high as the roadway.    Dynamite was used
to break up the jams.    The north  shore approach  was  washed away and a new one
put in.
Considerable work will have to be done as soon as the water is sufficiently low enough to
try and get. the stream into its  old  channel.    At the present time  the current runs
parallel and the old channel is perfectly dry.
New roads had to be cut out on both sides of the main bridge.
Forest cleared, 800 yards by 12 feet.
About two miles of road was cut out and graded, leading from this bridge to the ranches
on the south side of the Illecillewaet River. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 437
Illecillewaet Division.
Illecillewaet Townsite (wing dam).
S. Anderson, Foreman.
The wing dam built last year to divert the main stream from the townsite was repaired
this year by repairing the crib-work and filling the same with rock, more especially at
the end of the dam, which was severely tested last summer. This dam was found to
accomplish the purpose in diverting the stream from the townsite.
Fish Creek Trail.
David Woolsley, Foreman.
This work consisted of clearing out the old trail, building 1 mile of new trail and repairing
one bridge.
The following work was also done :—
Forest cleared      1700 yards, 3 feet wide.
Grubbed 1700      ,,      3 ►,
Graded 1700      „      3
Excavated earth      10      ,,
,, rock        10      ,,
Building    3 culverts, 30 feet long by 2 feet wide.
,, 1 bridge,    95 ,, 5 ,,
Repairing 1      ,, 50 ,, 5        ,,
Maple Leaf and Lanark Trail.
A. MeKinnon, Foreman.
Cleared out trail a distance of 2 miles of fallen timber, brushed out 4 miles, and graded 1
mile of trail.
Cleared out 50 feet of cutting caused by snow-slides.
Gold Hill Trail (extension).
J. P. Kennedy, Foreman.
Cleaned out 2J miles of trail, 6 feet wide, and made it passable for horses.
Lardeau   Division.
Fish Creek and Pool Creek Trails.
W. H. Vickers, Foreman.
A new trail up Fish Creek for about 5 miles was cut out this summer on the north side
of this creek, giving a much better grade than the old one which was practically useless
for heavy loads.
Pool Creek Trail is a branch trail from the Fish Creek Trail. A new bridge was put
across the canyon with a sixty-foot span in place of the old one.
The old Fish Creek and Pool Creek Trails were cut out of all fallen timber.
The following work was done :—
Forest cleared        7040 yards by 12 feet wide.
Corduroyed 220        „ 8        „
Excavated rock        200        „ 7 by 4
Built 3 culverts 6 feet long by 6 feet wide, 1 foot deep
Built 1 bridge 50        ,, 10        ,,
Do   7      „ 280        „ 6 438 Public Works Report. 1895
Fish Creek Bridge.
Alex. McRae, Foreman.
This bridge was built by day work ; the dimensions are as follows :—
304 feet long, divided into four spans ; 2  spans  of 60 feet,  2 spans  of  50 feet with  2
approaches, one 47 feet and one 37 feet long.
The superstructure was laid upon 5-pile piers of 15 piles each.
The  piers were nosed to divert drift wood.
Glance piles were driven 100 feet in advance of the piers to break the shock of the large
trees striking the piers.
The piers are all capped and corbelled.
All timber used in this bridge was hewed by axemen.
Men were detailed to watch this bridge during high water, and the work done  this year
proves to be first-class.
Hall's Landing.
Hy. Lovewell, Foreman.
The roads at this landing were repaired for a distance of two miles.
The following new work was done :—
Forest cleared, 1760 yards by 30 feet wide.
Bridges across sluices were repaired where necessary.
Piles were driven during the high water in Cranberry Creek for the purpose of putting
in a bridge this winter, so that the  ranchers on the west side of the creek may be
enabled to get their produce to the landing.
Cranberry Creek is very shallow during the winter months, and it was deemed  advisable
to put in piles this summer which will effect a great saving in the cost of the work.
Trout Lake Division.
Lardeau and Trout Lake Waggon Road.
Thomas Downs, Superintendent.
The above road was commenced last year, but not  completed.    A pack trail connected
the unfinished portion with the Town of Trout Lake.
Portions of this road were completed between the 8-mile post and Trout Lake.
Tenders were called for at Trout Lake for one mile sections as staked out, and the following
were awarded the contracts :—
Between   8 and   9-Mile Posts,
S. Hill,
$940.
Do         9   ,i    10
M. Kean,
350.
Do       10   „    11
W. Glenn,
750.
Do       11    „    12        .,
S. Beaurgard,
595.
Do       12   „   13
A. McDonald,
800.
Do       13   n   to end of townsite,
M. Kean,
340.
End of townsite to Lake,
G. Olson,
40.
The work done by contract is stated  below, and  was done in a thoroughly workmanlike
manner and at a much smaller expenditure.
Men interested in this section of the country obtained the work and gave employment to
about 30 men who are ranchers in the  district,  or miners  who have  a  stake  in  the
country. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 439
No expense was incurred by the Government for tools or  transportation,  and only one
superintendent employed, who carried out his duties satisfactorily.
Forest cleared
3648
yards
by
18
feet wide
Grubbed
6960
„
12
,,
average.
Graded
3860
,,
12
n
,,
Ditched
150
,,
11
it
Corduroyed
94
,,
12
tt
Excavated earth
5241
,,
9
H
Do         rock
420
,,
9
ii
Filled in earth
3921
,,
6
ii
average.
Culverts built
15,
52 feet long
by
12 inc
hes by 1.
Bridges      ,,
11,
474
t
12 feet wide.
In addition to the above contract work, a party was sent out under  the  charge of  C.
Holten, to clear out the waggon road of slides and  fallen timber, and  to connect  the
road with the new bridge put across Fish Creek this year.
Forest cleared       900 yards by 18 feet wide.
Grubbed 1000        „ 8
Graded
1000
8
Ditched
150
H
Corduroyed
85
12
Excavated earth
150
12
Filled in       ■,,
75
12
Built 2 bridges
60 feet long, 12
During the season heavy rain has visited this section and caused large slides to come down
in the canyon; men have been detailed to keep them clear.
Next year will see this road in first-class condition as it will have settled down after this
winter's snow and rain have gone.
The completion of this  road  gives a  continuous  road  from Lardeau  to  Trout Lake, a
distance of 14 miles, with a branch down to Kincaid's ranch to deep water.
Lardeau and Trout Lake Trail.
Before the completion of the waggon road this trail was cut out and kept clear  of fallen
timber until such times as the road was completed.
Lardeau Creek Trail (North Fork).
Chas. Holten, Foreman.
This trail was cleared of fallen timber for a distance of 5 miles.
The following work was also done :—
Graded 500 yards by 3 feet wide.
Built 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 1| feet wide.
Bardeau Creek Trail (South Fork).
W. H. Vickers, Foreman.
This trail was cleared of fallen timber.
Gainer Creek Trail.
W. H. Vickers, Foreman.
This is a new trail and an extension of the South Fork Trail.
This trail was cut out to connect the Black Prince Group of Mines with the existing trail
on South Fork, and was very costly, having to be cut out on steep mountain sides.
The following work was clone :—
Cleared forest 10400 yards, 14 feet wide (average).
Grubbed 9800      „        5        „ „
Corduroyed 16      ,,        5 ,,
Built 1 bridge, 30 feet long by 6 feet wide. 440 Public Works Report. 1895
Haley Creek Trail.
A. McRae, Foreman.
This trail was cut out to connect the Abbott Group of Mines with Trout Lake.
Cleared out one mile of old trail, and the following work was done : —
Forest cleared      5280 y
ards
by 5 feet wide.
Grubbed               5280
,,
5         i,
Graded                  7040
,,
3
Corduroyed               80
,,
5
Excavated earth 1000
|l
3         „
rock     250
,,
3
Built 2 culverts, 30 feet long by 5 feet by 2 feet 6 inches.
,,     1 bridge,    45
,,
5 feet wide.
Storms.—During the month of November h,-avy rains visited this section and caused very
large slides to take place in the canyon on the Lardeau and Trout Lake Waggon Road, which
had to be removed.     Five men were employed for about one week to clear out the road.
An approach has also been made from the end of the waggon road at the Deepwater
terminus, consisting of a bridge of about 150 feet long, resting upon cribbed piers filled with
rock, thus enabling teamsters to get down to the beach to deep water, which they were unable
to do before this work was done.
West Kootenay District—South Riding.
Ainsworth Waggon Road.
The old waggon road from Ainsworth to the mountain on which is the Skyline Mine, now
shipping ore, has been repaired by putting in corduroy, bridges where necessary, and
clearing out timber.
Cody Creek Waggon Road.
This road has been repaired by filling in holes and ruts, taking out large boulders, widening in some places, making turnouts, etc.
Crawford Creek Trail.
A pack trail from the mouth of Crawford Creek, which empties into Pilot Bay, has been
constructed to the summit of the mountain forming the divide between this district and
East Kootenay, at the head of St. Mary's River. It runs for a distance of 24 miles,
passing the mouth of Hooker Creek, along which a trail for 6 miles has been made to
the several mines, which have shipped smelter tests of ore. These trails, which have
been constructed at a cost of about $1,500, to which the Government has contributed
D, have opened up a presumably large field of richly mineralized rock.
Dewdney Trail.
Logs cut out and general repairs made from Columbia River to boundary of Yale District
Much used by drivers from that district.
Fire Valley Road.
The Fire Valley Waggon Boad has been repaired to the satisfaction of the settlers, the
work being executed under the superintendence of one of their number, chosen by
election. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 441
Kaslo Waggon Road.
The damage by snow-slides and falling trees during the spring was repaired, a new bridge
put in, and culverts built where necessary, and the sum of $2,874.38 paid to the
creditors of the contractors for the work done on this road by private enterprise during
the previous year.
Lock-up at Three Forks.
A lock-up at Three Forks has been erected at a cost of $945.45.
Nelson Street Improvements.
Sidewalks have been laid on those streets in Nelson in most use;, and up to and passing
the school-house to the residential portion of the town.
New Denver-Three Forks Road.
A road, partly over the old one washed out last year, has been constructed from New
Denver, and a sum of $23.37 expended on the streets in that town.
North Fork-Carpenter Creek Trail.
A trail from Three Forks has been built up the North Fork of Carpenter Creek, into the
dry belt, to enable smelter tests of ore to be shipped from that field.
Idaho and Alamo Basins Road.
A waggon road from the fields known as the Alamo and Idaho Basins has been built,
over which ore is daily transported to the concentrator working on Carpenter Creek,
about three-quarters of a mile below Three Forks.
Forty-Nine Creek Trail.
The trail leading to the hydraulic mine on Forty-Nine Creek has been repaired at a cost
of $50.
Springer Creek.
From the foot of Slocan Lake to the newly discovered field on the headwaters of Springer
and Lemon Creeks, a trail has been cut conjointly by those interested and the Government, the contribution of the latter being $250.
Toad Mountain Waggon Road.
A small amount of work has been done on this road.
Trail Creek Waggon Road.
The heavy traffic over the Trail Waggon Road necessitated its repair ; not only in the
spring, but during the autumn it was found requisite to expend a further sum upon it
to enable the ores of Red Mountain to be shipped to mouth of Trail Creek.
Trout and Cariboo Creek Trails.
A good trail from Arrow Lake has been cut to the mineral fields on Trout and Cariboo
Creeks.
White Grouse Mountain.
A contribution by the Government of $300 has been made to the trail from eastern shore
of Kootenay Lake.
Ten-mile Cheek, Slocan.
A trail of very good grade, with two bridges across the creek, has been built from the
mouth of Ten-Mile Creek to some claims near the head of same, a distance of eight
miles. A trail of even grade and of good width has been built for two miles in connection with the above.    The refund by the Government to this trail was $150. 442 Public Works Report. 1895
Ruecau Trail.
A trail connecting the Ruecau and other mines has been built to the Town of Sandon, a
distance of about four miles, costing about $1,200, by private enterprise.
McGuigan Creek Waggon Road.
A waggon road has been built from the head of McGuigan Creek, in the immediate
vicinity of the producing mines, a distance of about four miles, at a cost of, it is said,
$4,000, to a point at the mouth of McGuigan Creek, on the Kaslo & Slocan Railway, and
for which a refund of $2,000 is asked from the Government.
Government Buildings, Rossland.
A building providing suitable accommodation for a Recorder's Office, Court Room, and
Constable's Office has been erected. A lock-up has also been built, and a public school-
house is in course of erection.
KASLO AND SLOGAN RAILWAY.
Victoria, B.C., 7th November, 1895.
To the Honourable 67. B. Martin,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—A communication from your Department, under date of 1st ultimo, notifying me of
my appointment for the inspection of the Kaslo and Slocan Railway for your Government,
was duly received while engaged on the Kootenay Reclamation Works on the Lower
Kootenay River.
I at once placed myself in communication with the officers of that road, and was informed
that at any time after the 28th ultimo they would be ready for inspection. I accordingly
reached Kaslo on the 27th, and have but now returned from completing my inspection, and
beg to append the result in my report herewith submitted.
I also enclose my account for services and expenses incurred in making the necessary
examination, &c, of the works of construction, which I trust will be found satisfactory.
I have <fec,
G. A. Keefer,
M. Lnst. C. E., &c.
Report on the Inspection of the Works of Construction of the " Kaslo and
Slocan Railway,"
Extending from the Town of Kaslo, on Kootenay Lake, West Kootenay, to the Junction
of Sandon and Cody Creeks with the South Fork of Carpenter Creek, near its source—
31.8 miles.
General Description of Route.
The line leaves its connection with the waters of Kootenay Lake at Kaslo Bay, a
sheltered bight of considerable area immediately north of the Town of Kaslo, on a rising
grade, and enters the valley of Kaslo Creek some two miles to the westward. From this point
to the source of the creek at Fish and Bear Lakes, the line follows the valley of the creek on
the left bank in a generally north-westerly direction, reaching the summit in a distance of 21
miles from its Kaslo terminus, and an elevation of 1768 feet above the ordinary high water of
the Kootenay Lake. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 443
From this point to the terminus at Sandon, 28 8 miles from Kaslo, the line runs on an
absolutely level grade, for the first 44 miles following the, left bank and general trend of the
valley of Seaton Creek, in a south-westerly direction to the immediate vicinity of the Town of
Three Forks, situated at the junction of Seaton Creek with the North and South Forks of
Carpenter Creek. At this point the line is distant from the town three-quarters of a.mile,
and at an elevation of 880 feet above. Turning sharply to the south-east, the line follows the
right bank of the South Fork of Carpenter Creek to the Town of Sandon, at the junction of
Sandon Creek with that stream, the present terminus of the Main Line, a distance of 28.8
miles from Kaslo, and an elevation of 1,770 feet above the waters of Kootenay Lake.
The Cody Branch is an extension from Sandon to the junction of Cody Creek and the
South Fork, a mile or more beyond Sandon. On account of the too rapid rise of the South Fork
beyond Sandon, it becomes necessary, to reach the required elevation at that point, to leave the
Main Line some two miles below or to the west of Sandon, and bearing slightly to the left, on
the maximum grade of 3 per 100, crosses the South Fork to the left bank, about a mile above
Sandon, reaches its present terminus at the junction of Cody Creek and the South Fork, a
distance of 3 miles from its junction with the Main Line, at an elevation of 1,980 feet above
Kootenay Lake, 210 feet above the terminus at Sandon, and distant 29,j miles from the Kaslo
terminus.
Character of Road.
The railway is a narrow gauge, or 3 feet between the rails. The width of embankments
is 12 feet, and the cuttings 14 feet at sub-grade or formation level, with slopes in earth of
from 1 to 1-|- to 1, varied as the material seemed to warrant, and in rock from ^ to ^ to 1.
These dimensions have been generally pretty well observed. The banks in some cases appear
deficient in width ; this is caused in most cases by the section men having taken material
from the bank for lifting or repairing the road-bed in the absence of a proper ballast train,
but this will be rectified immediately, now that a train is available for the purpose, and
released from the more urgent work of carrying material to the front for the work of track-
laying and bridging.
Alignment.
It must be borne in mind that this road is a narrow gauge, and in comparison with the
wider or standard gauge, the matter of grades and curves, more particularly the latter, the
equivalent, and not the actual, degree of curvature must be considered, as a gauge of 3 feet is
a much more flexible line by many degrees than one of 4 feet 8J inches.
The maximum curvature used is 20 degrees, or a radius of 286.5 feet. This, I believe,
has been exceeded in but one or two cases, to the extent of 23 degress, or about equivalent to
from 12 degrees to 15 degress on the standard gauge, so it will be seen that the curvature is
not excessively sharp, but is exceeded by many degress on both the trunk and other lines now
in operation in this Province, and the proportion of curved to straight line will compare
favourably with existing roads. In all cases where these heavy curves occur, the spiral
system has been adopted ; that is, by a series of compound curvature, so flatten or ease the
curve at either end as to relieve the impact of the train leaving the tangent and striking so
sharp a curve as a 15 degree or 20 degree. In other words, the easing of the approaches to
curves of small radius is now done scientifically by the engineer, which was before more or less
imperfectly done by the eye of the tracklayer.
Grades.
The maximum grade on the road is 3 feet per 100 feet, or 158.4 feet per mile, in all cases
compensated for curvature by the usual allowance of 0.3 and 0.4 of a foot per 100 feet
for each degree of curvature. This gives a uniform traction on curves and tangents without
the increased resistance on the former that would be experienced had compensation been
omitted, and which is now generally observed and should be made compulsory on all railways
where heavy grades are a necessity.
The grade from Kaslo for the first six miles is an almost continuous rise of 3 feet per 100.
It then, with a break of some 10 miles of easier grade, continues for the remaining 5 miles to
the Summit at the same maximum rate, in all a distance of 21 miles, attaining an elevation of
1768 feet above ordinary high water in the Kootenay Lake. From this point to Sandon,
some eight miles further, the grade, as before stated, is an absolute level, and the elevation at
that point is identical with that of the Summit. 444 Public Works Report. 1895
The Cody Branch leaves the Main Line some two miles west of Sandon, and bearing
slightly to the left on a grade of 3 per 100 feet, crosses the South Fork of Carpenter Creek
a mile above Sandon, and following the left bank terminates at its junction with Cody Creek,
the present terminus of the proposed extension in this direction.
There are no adverse grades on the road, the grades mentioned being all in favour of
the heavy traffic—that is from Sandon to the Lake.
Structures.
The trestles are either on pile, cribwork, or rock foundations ; the design is similar to
those in general use, with the improvement of diagonal longitudinal bracing, in addition to
the horizontal, which hitherto has alone been used. The upright and batter posts are of
peeled cedar or fir, not less than 12 inches in diameter at the small end. The sills and cap-
sills are 10 inches by 12 inches flatted. The horizontal and diagonal longitudinal bracing are
also of round peeled sticks, the former not less than 8 inches and the latter 6 inches in
diameter, securely bolted to posts. The lateral or sway-braces are 3 inches by 10 inches of
sawn timber, spiked to posts. The superstructure consists of four main stringers of 9 inches by
14 inches, two under each rail, and two jack-stringers, 6 inches by 14 inches, at ends of cap.
Ties 10 feet long, 6 inches by 8 inches, spaced 4 inches apart, and drift-bolted to jack-stringers
every second tie, making an exceptionally strong structure for a railway of this gauge, in fact,
in every way sufficient for the heavier traffic of the ordinary or standard gauge railway.
The percentage of open structures is small, 5990 feet, inclusive of open culverts and 280
feet of fixed spans, representing the entire amount, or only 3.57 per cent of the total length of
the line.
There are only three fixed spans, two pony Howe trusses of 60 and 80 feet respectively,
and a Howe truss span of 140 feet over the South Fork of Carpenter Creek, on the Cody
Branch.
The only heavy trestle on the line is over McGuigan Creek, which is 400 feet in length
and 125 feet in height above the bed of the creek in centre.
There are some grasshopper trestles and some cribwork (the former included in the open
structures) which are well placed and substantially built, the latter for the purpose of retaining the bank, with a face-batter of 3 to 1, and well tied into the bank. The road-bed is in
nearly all cases on the solid—that is, on all side-hill cuttings a sufficient width has been
excavated to admit of the track being laid on the solid road-bed thus formed, and not
dependent upon the made bank for support, so that even in the event of the slipping of the
latter, the stability of the track is not impaired.
Ties.
The ties are principally cedar and fir, 6 feet long, 6 inches thick, and 6 inches flatted
face, laid 2 feet centres, or 2,640 per mile. This is the usual allowance, and the full number
appears to be in place.
Tracklaying and  Ballasting.
The rails are of steel of the usual T pattern, in 30 feet lengths, weighing 45 pounds to
the lineal yard, made by the Illinois Union Steel Company, of Joliet, Illinois. The joints are
fastened by angle-bars or flanged fishplates and bolts. The rails are fully spiked to tie. On
all curves of 10 degrees and upwards, steel brackets on the outer side of both rails are used,
fitting against the flange and web of rail and securely spiked to tie with three spikes, giving
additional security against the spreading of the track. The tracklaying is well done, and on
all curves the rails are bent to conform to the curvature.
Good ballast is obtainable at many points on the line. The material found in a large
proportion of the cuts and borrow-pits has furnished excellent material for the road-bed and
the surfacing of track, and in many cases full ballasting has been secured. The large gang
and cars required for the track-laying and surfacing can now, with the completion of the line
to Sandon and Cody, be employed in lifting and ballasting the low portions of the road
requiring attention. As this is confined to some 5 or 6 miles, principally in the lower valley
of Kaslo Creek, it has in all probability been done by the present date. Considering the
attention necessarily given to pushing forward the track, and the heavy traffic incident to
such work for the past two months, it is a matter of surprise that the road-bed is in the really
good condition that it now is. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 445
Sidings.
There are nine sidings now being placed at the following points :—
1.
Kaslo,
Siding and
switchback.
2.
Sproule's,
15 miles,
siding.
3.
Bell's,
17      „
,,
4.
Fish Lake,
20      „
,,
5.
McGuigan,
23     ii
,,
6.
Three Forks,
25     ii
,,
7.
Cody Junction
26.5 „
,,
8.
Sandon,
28.8 „
,,     and Y.
9.
Cody,
29.5 ,i
,,
This seems more than sufficient for present requirements, but is designed to meet the
many points of ore shipment from the numerous mines in the immediate vicinity of the line.
Tanks.
There will be three permanent tanks at each of the following points, viz.: Kaslo; Bell's,
17 miles; Cody Junction, 26J miles—an ample provision for all ordinary traffic.
Station Buildings.
Three first-class stations, of the combined freight and passenger plan, will be erected as
follows :—One at Kaslo which will also include the company's offices, now completed; one at
Sandon and one at Cody, both under construction. Small way stations will no doubt be
erected at the different sidings as may be required by the increasing business of the road.
Engine-houses, Turntables, &o.
There is only one two-stall engine-house with turntable at Kaslo, a Y and siding at Sandon, and a turntable at Cody. Another engine-house will be required at either Sandon or
Cody.
Road Crossings.
There are only three road crossings on the entire line, one at Kaslo, one at the 18th and
one at the 19th mile.    These will be provided with the proper notice boards.
Equipment.
The present equipment of the road consists of two locomotives, 28 tons each exclusive of
tender; one is quite new and the other, though secondhand, is in good serviceable condition;
20 platform cars, which are being converted into box cars as required; 1 passenger coach; 1
passenger combination smoker, etc. These coaches have been ordered for some months, and
are expected daily. One caboose; 4 section cars. This will be sufficient for the business of
the road at present.
Telegraph Line.
There is at present a telegraph line along the waggon road, running nearly parallel to the
railway to Three Forks, and which is available for the business of the road, but the railway
will, in their own interests, either acquire the present one and move the line to the line of
railway, or, as would be better, erect an independent one for themselves.
Fencing, &c.
There is no fencing required, except possibly a small quantity at some of the stations.
Mile posts or boards attached to the nearest telegraph pole should be put in place, and
all dangerous trees outside the right-of-way, considered unsafe by the engineer, should be cut
down, to conform with the requirements of the Act.
General.
Both care and good judgment have been displayed in the location of this railway, and as
a result a much better alignment and lighter work have been obtained than at first seems
possible from the exceptionally mountainous and broken character of the country. 446 Public Works Report. 1895
There is practically no side-hill work until after the first crossing of Kaslo Creek, a distance of 15 miles, if we except some few cuts in the immediate neighbourhood of Kaslo. The
valley of the creek admits of the line being carried for long stretches on the bottoms and at
an elevation to ensure safety from the spring freshets. From the summit to the terminus at
Sandon and Cody the work is principally rocky side-hill, with some cuts that are likely to
slough badly with the spring thaw. The line being on the south side of the valley with a
northern exposure, they are now, at this date, October 29th, held by the frost and not likely
to be affected by any thaw until next spring, when they are pretty certain to experience some
of the evils incidental to all new work emerging from their first winter after construction, that
is settlement in the embankments and sloughing of slopes of cuttings.
No provision has been made for protection against snow, although in some three instances
the track of old slides has been crossed, and for long stretches on other portions the heavy fires
of last year have destroyed the brushwood and killed the standing timber, so that where formerly the snow would have been held to a certain extent it is now liable to come down. This
is a matter upon which reliable data can be obtained only by observation for a series of years.
Railway men know to their cost that snowslides are erratic, and come at times and places
when and where least expected, and the protection of the line from this source must be a matter of gradual development. There is an advantage, however, in having a level grade over the
portions most liable to interruption, upon which to meet the difficulty.
It is the intention of the company to have snow-ploughs available for the winter.
The track, as it at present stands, is in very good order, and with the use of the ballast
train for a short time all defects will be made good, and the track placed in excellent shape
for traffic; the material in so many cases being of the best description for a good road-bed and
as ballast, makes less work in this direction than is generally the case. The track under the
comparatively heavy traffic incident to construction has shewn no deterioration, and is now,
even without the contemplated repairs, in a good worka-ble condition and fit for the traffic
required.
I anticipate that at the date of writing this report, the additional ballast has been put in
place, so that the Government need have no hesitation in accepting the road as filling all the
requirements necessary for a good and safe passenger and freight service.
Although, as I understand, the original estimate of cost has been largely exceeded, there
has been no disposition shown on the part of the contractors to slight the work in any way.
Everything from road-bed to rolling stock is of the most workmanlike and substantial nature,
and the company is to be congratulated upon a very satisfactory piece of construction.
With ordinary care there is no danger, except from the causes mentioned, and which are
common to all railways and must be met by vigilance on the part of the section men.
Although in the matter of equipment the company had not, at the date of my inspection,
all the necessary cars, it is only a question of a few days until they possess the necessary
accommodation for their passenger traffic, and they can, I think, be relied upon to meet all
demands from any increase in the business of the road as required, and in their own interest
keep the track and works generally up to their present satisfactory standard, which is of a
compact and businesslike nature.
This, I think, is all that is necessary, as covering all points necessary for the consideration
of the Government, and which I trust may result in the permission to open for traffic at an
early date.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
G. A.  Keefer,
Victoria, B. C, 7th November, 1895. M. Inst. C. E 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 447
East Kootenay District.
Donald Division.
Waggon Road, Donald to Blaeberry ($638).
Constructed 6 miles of road and removed windfalls.
Streets in Donald ($501.62).
Graded various streets and constructed a road to the cemetery.
Canoe River Trail ($31.50).
Removed some of the windfalls.
Prairie Mountain Trail ($552.15).
Cleared    3500 feet, 7 feet wide.
Grubbed    800    „    5
Graded    3500    „    2\      „
Built 1 bridge, 156 feet long, 12 feet high, 4 feet wide.
„     1       „       120        „ 5        „ 4
Golden Division.
Waggon Road, Golden to Blaeberry River ($1,163.79).
Repaired old railway waggon road.
Built 3 bridges, costing respectively, $234, $409, $202.
Waggon Road Golden to Sinclair ($2,168.74).
Removed windfalls; cleaned and ditched side hill road.
Renewed culverts ; straightened sharp turns on side hill, and provided meeting places.
Waggon Road to Carbonate Ferry ($209.49).
Repaired the damages caused to a long bridge during the flood of 1894.
Waggon Road at Mouth of Spillamacheen River ($297).
Removed stumps from 2 miles of roacl.
Made ditches, and corduroyed swampy pieces.
Repaired a bridge over the, Spillamacheen River.
Golden Streets and Bridges ($819.23).
Cleared and graded the streets.
Built a bridge on Alberta Street.
Kept the two bridges over the Kicking Horse River clear of drift wood during floods.
Re-floored the chief bridge over the Kicking Horse River with 4-inch plank.
Sleigh Road to Vermont Creek ($305).
Removed windfalls on 14 miles.
Widened 5653 yards of grading.
Put in 12 feet of corduroy, 8 feet wide.
Trail to Bugaboo ($5.85).
Repaired a bridge. 448 Public Works Report. 1895
Trail from Carbonate to north, middle and South Forks of Spillamacheen.
Cleared out windfalls, $156.25.
Protection of south bank of Kicking Horse River ($1,278.46).
Made    194 lineal feet of double crib-work filled with stone.
Put in  368 ,, mattress work.
Protection of north bank of Kicking Horse River ($1,312.66).
Cribbed 650 lineal feet.
Mattressed 200 „
Made a wingdam 300 ,,
Removal of School-house ($314.50).
Removed the building, fences and outbuildings to a new site, 1000 feet distant.
Made 150 feet of new fence.
Windermere Division.
Waggon Road, Sinclair to Sheep Creek ($1,028.75).
Removed windfalls, stones and stumps ;  cleaned and ditched side hill road.
Renewed culverts.
Dutch Creek Bridge ($627.62).
Completed repairs necessitated by flood of 1894.
Canal Flat Bridge ($9,311.71).
Completed piers, abutment and superstructure.
Toby Creek Trail from Columbia River to Kootenay Lake ($2,730.51).
Cost of construction, east of summit, 33 miles, $1,047.77.
Do. west „ 15    ., 1,471.74.
Explored 7 miles further west and removed windfalls, 211.00.
Fort Steele Division.
Waggon Road, Sheep Creek to Fort Steele ($593).
Removed windfalls; repaired small bridges, and cleared grades from gravel and ice.
Waggon Road, Fort Steele to Bull River ($514.25).
Repaired Bull River Bridge and grades.
Repaired Wild Horse Bridge.
Waggon Road to Wild Horse Creek ($431.60).
Removed boulders; built culverts, etc.
North Star Road from Kootenay River to Mark Creek.
Grant in aid of construction, $2,500.
Waggon Road, Fort Steele to St. Eugene and Cranbrooke ($158.37).
Re-floored small bridges.
Cleared bridges of drift wood.
Ditched and gravelled.
Fort Steele Bridge.
Cost of construction of abutments, piers, and superstructure, $17,062.69. 59 Vict. Public Works Report. 449
St. Mary's Bridge.
Cost of construction of abutments, piers and superstructure, $4,210.33.
Ferry at Fort Steele (during construction of bridge,
Grant in aid.
Perry and Weaver Creek Trail ($74.50).
Removed windfalls, etc.
St. Mary's Trail (2,196.55).
Cost of construction.
Cassiar District.
Taltan River Bridge.
William Foster, Contractor, $850.
The work of rebuilding this bridge upon the site of the old structure was most satisfactorily completed early last spring. The new structure is of similar design to the old
one, and is composed of one spring truss span of 65 feet in length. The length of
bridge over all is 132 feet; width over all, 9 feet. Bridge has 3 hewn stringers
throughout, 10 inches by 12 inches, resting upon corbels, 10 inches by 14inches; truss
timbers, 9 inches by 12 inches. Bridge is covered with 3-inch sawn plank. The main
span at one end is resting upon a crib abutment built on the shore, and filled with
rock ; the other end rests upon a crib pier, constructed diamond shape, and filled with
rock. A good solid foundation was made for this pier by wing-damming the river and
then sinking to solid ground. The pier is 18 feet high, and has a base of 28 feet, and
tapers towards the top to 15 feet. The outside of pier is hewn, and it is firmly braced
and supported on the inside with cross-timbers. The approach from the shore to the
pier is resting upon a crib abutment filled with rock, the same as that on the opposite
side of the river. The bridge is raised 3 feet above the level of the old one, good
strong hand-railing running the length of bridge on each side.
May.
Main Trail.
William Foster, Foreman.
Did some extra work to Taltan Bridge; cribbing  up  trail  at approaches to bridge, and
filling abutments and pier with rock.
Shovelled out grade leading up Taltan and Telegraph Creek Hills.
Repaired bridge at Ward's.
Repaired corduroy on top of Ward's Hill.
Cleared trail of fallen timber from Taltan to head of Dease Lake.
Widened trail by cutting brush, etc., on each side.
June.
Made a new culvert near 1-Mile Post.
Made 20 feet of new corduroy near 27-Mile Post.
Made repairs to old corduroys.
Made 1 new culvert near 43-Milc Post.
„     2 „ 47-Mile Post.
„     1 „ 29-Mile Post.
Widened trail by cutting brush, etc., on each side. 450 Public Works Report. 1895
July.
Made 1 new culvert near 33-Mile Post.
Repaired bridge near 26-Mile Post.
Made 2 new culverts between 25 and 26-Mile Posts.
,,     1 ,, near 24-Mile Post.
Repaired old corduroys.
Built 1 bridge, 25 feet long, near 19-Mile Post.
Repaired 18-Mile Creek Bridge,
Repaired old corduroys and made some ditching near 17-Mile Post.
Made 25 feet of corduroy near 14-Mile Post.
Built 1 small bridge near 13-Mile Post.
Made some corduroying between 13 and 14-Mile Posts.
Dug 75 feet of ditch between 13 and 14-Mile Posts.
Made 150 feet of new trail between 11 and 12-Mile Posts, to avoid a washout.
Dug 90 feet of ditch near 11-Mile Post.
Repaired corduroy near 11-Mile Post.
Made 2 culverts between 11 and 12-Mile Posts.
Dug 75 feet of ditch between 11 and 12-Mile Posts.
Widened trail by cutting brush, etc., on each side.
August.
Made genera] repairs to trail between Taltan and head of Dease Lake.
Brush cutting done.
Commenced repairs to Tooyen Bridge. Repairs to this bridge chiefly consisted of removing some rotten timber from the abutments and pier, as well as other parts of the
bridge, and replacing it with new, and raising or levelling the whole structure, as it had
got out of level by uneven settling.
McDame Creek Trail.
This trail has received attention by removal of fallen timber, etc.
September.
Main Trail.
William Foster, Foreman.
Finished repairs on Tooyen Bridge.
Made 500 yards of new trail on top of Taltan Hill to avoid a rocky place.
Made 1 culvert near 23-Mile Post.
Built 1 small bridge, 12 feet long, near 12-Mile Post.
Made 1 culvert between 11 and 12-Mile Posts.
Widened trail by cutting brush and trees out on each side.
Dease Creek Trail.
This trail had some slight repairing done to it.
Thibert Creek Trail.
Some trifling repairs have been made to this trail.
Repairs were made under the direction of Mr.  John Flewin,  Government Agent at Port
Simpson, to the Hospital Road, the Georgetown Trail and the Port Simpson Trail.
The  ELazelton and Omineca Trail has been repaired and improved by Mr. John Harris,
under the direction of the Hudson's Bay Company's Agent. 59 V.
ICT.
Public Works Report.
451
TENDERS   RECEIVED   AND   CONTRACTS   AWARDED
DURING THE  YEAR  1895.
Nature of Work.
Name or Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria City.
Electric wiring, New Parliament Buildings
Cunningham & Hinton.... N,
,i                    ii       ....
ii                    ,i       ....
J. S. Nesbitt   .'..'.
o. 1
,    2
,    3
,    4
,    1
,    2
,    3
,    4
,    1
,    2
,    3
,    4
.$4,703 50 \
1,700 00 1
216 00 |
216 35j
4,614 00
103 00
83 00
8,267 42
1,774 19
494 60
261 52
966 00
681 00
694 00
723 00
795 00
826 00
835 00
843 00
849 00
850 00
858 00
950 00
960 00
1,024 00
1,053 00
400 00
6,555 00
6,781 00
6,862 00
7,037 50
7,356 00
7,439 00
7,725 00
7,735 00
7,810 00
7,897 00
7,950 00
8,223 00
8,756 00
9,352 00
9,747 00
487 00
495 00
495 00
624 00
635 00
Awarded.
Not in order.
Thos. Watson & the Northwest Fixture Co	
Re-covering roof of Law Courts	
South Victoria District.
W. H. Perry	
S. D. Shanks	
Awarded.
Jas. D. Walker	
Wm.  Mulholland	
Thos. Ashe	
Moore & Whittington	
C. J. Piper	
J. A Northeott	
A.  W. Carter	
J. W. Bolden	
Robt. Mason & Co	
Herd & Hughes	
H. E. Smith	
Esquimalt District.
Goldstream School-house	
New Westminster City.
Addition to the Asylum for the Insane. ..
D. J. McLachlan	
Awarded.
Allen & Turnbull	
Robt. Knott & Son	
H. A. Ball & David Lane	
Purdy & Williams	
E. Burns	
J. B. McGhie	
C. P. Shindler	
New Westminster District—
Delta Riding.
John T. Elliott
Morrison & Livingstone	 452
Public Works Report.
1895
Nature or Work.
Name oe Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
New Westminster District—Delta
Riding. —Concluded.
Westham Island School-honse	
Geo. Hunter	
H. M. Marshall	
David Mackay	
$513 00
523 00
522 25
551 00
593 50
449 75
450 00
487 00
535 00
615 00
1,287 86
1,385 00
1,405 00
1,410 00
1,419 00
1,425 00
1,427 00
1,475 33
1,950 00
325 00
351 00
374 00
399 00
475 00
663 00
374 00
394 00
395 00
535 50
668 00
680 00
713 00
744 00
790 00
395 00
395 00
470 00
440 00
600 00
649 00
890 00
425 00
468 00
470 00
473 00
485 00
490 00
499 50
649 00
471 00
474 00
4S0 00
Awarded.
Mud Bay School-house	
Wm. F. Riley	
Wm. Corbett	
J. T. Elliott	
Mission City School-house	
Wm. Murray	
George Steen	
M. F. Tupper	
J. B. Henderson      	
Awarded.
R. J. Wallace	
J. B. Cade	
J. T. Wilband	
D. Nicholson	
New Westminster District—Dewdney
Riding.
Thos. Haugh	
Henry Dawson	
S. I. Kellie	
J. Creighton	
T. R. Patterson	
New Westminster District—Chilliwhack Riding.
Mount Lehman School-house	
A. Nicholson	
John Israel	
A. S. Murray	
Awarded.
Chilliwhack School-house	
E. W. King	
John R. Park	
Awarded.
Wm, J. Footer	
J. J. Kerr	
A. W. Judson	
J. R. Park	
C. L. Street & Co	
Yale District—East Riding.
Okanagan Mission School-house   	
Awarded.
Awarded.
T. W. Fletcher	
S. Bowell	
W. T. Holtby	
Alex. Crawford	
Evan E. Edwards	
Otter Lake School-house	
S. L. Graham	
N. H Kenny	
T. W. Fletcher	
Josiah McDonald	
Awarded. 59 Vict.
Public Works Report.
453
Nature of Work.
Yale District—East Riding.-
Concluded.
Midway School-house	
Blue Springs Road.
Grading Lumby Road
White Valley Road, from School-house to
Aberdeen Sheds	
Name of Tenderer.
William Powers .
Charles Melville .
Peter Heklstab..
Charles Melville .
Peter Heldstab . .
Edward Barwiek	
C. Quesnelle	
Coll McDonald	
J. D.   McDonald	
H. F. Huff	
J. B. Deschamps	
0. Bonnerville & N. Bassette
J. D. McDonald.
C. Quesnelle
Trinity Valley Trail, No. 1 Section.
Section 1, Commonage Road .
Section No. 3, Commonage Road
James Cameron	
C. Quesnelle	
H. F. Huff	
Edward Barwiek	
George Leger	
D. Inglis & Bonneau	
William Brett	
0. Bonnerville & N. Bassette.
J. Jackson & A. McLennan. .
Jas. Cartwright	
M. Clancy	
H. F. Huff	
Edward Barwiek	
Amount.
$500 00
750 00
765 00
900 00
930 00
250 00
274 00
285 00
299 00
300 00
375 00
$2 25 per rod
174 00
174 00
W. Gillis	
Wright & Lawrence
D. C. Fletcher	
Jno. Smart	
Murphy & Dawe	
A. McLaeklin	
J. McQuarrie	
N. McMillan	
H. F. Huff	
W. & R. Barr	
Jno. Stucky	
Recorder's Office and Lock-up at Midway
Yale District—North Riding.
Waggon Road,  from   Todd's   Ranch to
Duck's     	
W. Gillis	
A. Carr	
Wright & Lawrence.
D. C.Fletcher	
John Dawe	
R. & W. Barr	
A. McLaeklin	
H. F. Huff	
John Smart	
N. McMillan	
John Stucky	
T. E. Crowell	
C. M. Melvillle & Peter Heldstab
E. D. Boring	
Henry Currie .
Costly & Blair.
Joseph Collett.
William Seely.
Award.
Awarded.
Awarded.
74 00
Awarded
77 00
80 00
90 00
118 00
125 00
125 00
160 00
95 00
Awarded
125 00
175 00
325 00
360 00
80 00
Awarded
199 00
225 00
297 50
298 00
340 00
385 00
393 00
400 00
400 00
787 00
80 00
Awarded.
97 00
97 00
120 00
125 00
150 00
160 00
165 00
230 00
233 00
378 00
1,675 00
Awarded.
2,280 00
2,635 00
975 00
1,275 00
1,360 00
1,449 00
Awarded. 454
Public Works Report.
1895
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Yale District—West Riding.
Scow, &c., for Savona's Ferry  	
Kootenay District—North Riding.
Nakusp School-house 	
L. S. Henrieks	
Matthew Soper	
Alex. K. McCrae	
$425 00
550 00
890 00
1,500 00
1,392 00
1,599 17
2,415 00
2,465 00
2,800 00
696 00
700 00
773 00
790 00
850 00
275 00
397 00
318 00
298 00
273 00
307 00
265 00
350 00
487 00
235 00
236 00
289 00
318 00
380 00
120 00
198 00
90 00
55 00
64 50
65 00
120 00
176 00
125 00
125 00
86 50
96 00
124 00
55 00
70 00
43 00
29 00
34 00
4,041 00
3,374 00
3,335 00
3,381 00
160 00
117 00
90 00
100 00
140 00
Awarded.
Awarded.
Kootenay District—South Riding.
Rossland School-house	
Gurnee & Stearns	
McCarthy & McNaughton	
Awarded.
Comox District.
Awarded.
H. McGregor 	
D. C. McDonald	
Young & Manuel	
T. C. Woods	
C. B. Rabson	
McQuillan & Gilmore	
Smith & MeKenzie	
Awarded.
m                          i,      2	
T. C. Woods	
E. Phillips	
Awarded.
John Johnston	
T. C. Woods	
C. B. Rabson..   	
H. Stewart	
E. Phillips	
Awarded.
Withdrawn.
MeKelvie's Bridge	
C. B. Rabson	
R. Sanderson	
H. McQuillan	
Awarded.
Upper Prairie Road, near H. Grieve's....
T. Woods	
Awarded.
McDonald & McKay	
Awarded.
T. Beckensell	
Withdrawn.
A. 0. Hellan	
Awarded. 59 Vict.
Public Works Report.
455
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Comox District.—Concluded.
Nanaimo & Comox Trunk Road	
H. Martin	
N. Lambert	
$2,875 00 \
2,250 00
1,566 00 V
2,118 00
1,732 oo;
97 00
178 00
59 00
75 00
75 00
66 50
157 00
40 00
47 00
23 00
26 00
495 00
461 00
640 00
460 00
415 00
409 00
650 00
225 00
331 00
400 00
390 00
330 00
365 00
185 00
340 00
235 00
240 00
400 00
725 00
275 00
150 00
335 00
400 00
455 00
541 00
399 50
556 00
43 00
57 00
60 00
60 00
75 00
65 00
97 00
99 00
108 00
127 00
Not Awarded.
Harrigan's Road	
C.  Hall	
C. B. Rabson	
W. J. Harrigan	
J. Piereey	
John Johnston	
McQuillan & Gilmore	
H. McQuillan	
Awarded.
Smith's Road	
C. B. Rabson	
Awarded.
H. Stewart	
Smith & MeKenzie	
C. B. Rabson	
R. Sanderson	
S. Martin	
H. Stewart	
A. Parks	
Awarded.
F. Cunliffe	
A. Parks 	
Smith & MeKenzie	
E. Phillips	
Withdrawn.
F. Cunliffe	
C. B. Rabson	
A. Parks	
E. Phillips	
Cowichan-Alberni District.
Maple Bay School-house	
W. J. Taggart	
Cowichan District.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road, Contract
for repairs.    Somenos  to  Chemainus
Section.    Contract No. 1	
John Bell	
A.  Gabriel	
ii              Contract No. 2	
John Bell , 456
Public Works Report.
1895
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Cowichan District—Concluded.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road, Contract
for repairs.    Somenos to Chemainus
M. K. Smith   	
f 39 50
110 00
34 00
41 00
79 00
41 00
50 00
49 50
60 00
60 00
65 00
74 50
80 00
95 00
95 00
140 00
195 00
220 00
240 00
Awarded.
John Bell	
n             Contract No. 5	
R. S. Smith	
Thomas P. Windsor	
Thomas P. Windsor	
Awarded.
Awarded.
John Bell	
Construction of Marble Bay Cross Road..
Deviation of Riverside Road near Mr. R.
H. C. McLeod	
Awarded.
Angus McKay      	
Angus MeKinnon	
James Abernethy	
Thomas Colvin	
George S. Cook	
Rodger Douglas	
Robert Colvin	
John Blyth	
Awarded.
Extension  of Riverside Road  to Mr. J.
Frank Schmidt	
W. S. Smith	 59 Vict.
Public Works Report,
457
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TIMBER INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
31st December, 1895.
Sir, — 1 have the honour to submit the accompanying statement, which shows the timber
cut during 1895, not including that from the Dominion and the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Lands, per returns sent in by the saw-mills, to be :—
On Crown lands    53,212,797 feet.     Royalty payable thereon $26,606  39
On patented lands  	
On leaseholds    20,501,171      „ ,,     10,250 58
On timber limits      2,637,079     „ .,       1,318 54
On private property . .   24,221,264     ,,      Not subject to royalty      	
On leaseholds,   1875 . .   12,332,329      „ „ 	
112,884,640 feet. 38,175 51
Rebates allowed for exportation are     13,279 78
Net royalty then is  $24,895 73
Rent accruing on timber leases during 1895  45,593 01
Special licenses, 40 at $50  2,000 00
General licenses, 193 at $10  1,930 00
Scaling fees  116 59
Total net revenue derivable from timber sources $74,535.33
Respectfully submitted,
R. J. Skinner,
Timber Inspector.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works. 59 Vict.
Public Works Report.
459
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1895
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Public Works Report.
461
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1895
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