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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE RESPECTING THE PRISONS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE YEAR… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1895

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 ANNUAL   REPORT
STJPEKINTENDENT OF POLICE
RESPECTING   THE
PRISONS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
YEAR ENDING 31st OCTOBER,
1894
VICTORIA, B. C. :
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1895. 58 Vict. Prisons Report. 617
REPORT.
Provincial Police Department, Superintendent's Office,
Victoria, B.C., January 10th, 1895.
The Honourable
The Attorney-General,  Victoria.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith my Fifth Annual Report upon the Common Gaols,
Prisons, and Reformatory for the year ending October 31st, 1894, together with an account
of the outlying Lock-ups.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. S. HUSSEY,
Superintendent. 618                                                  Prisons Report.
1895
Victoria Gaol.
This  gaol  is  a  substantial  brick  building,  containing 78
cells capable of holding 127
prisoners.
New Westminster Gaol.
This is also a brick structure, containing 77 cells, which will accommodate 156 prisoners
Nanaimo Gaol.
This is also built of brick, and was completed and occupied
during  the year just closed.
It contains 46 cells, and will accommodate 100 prisoners.
Kamloops Gaol.
This prison is built of heavy scantling and lumber.    There
are altogether 11 cells, which
are capable of holding 22 prisoners.
Suitable Lock-ups have been established at the undermentioned points :—
1.  Ainsworth.                                                           23.
Lytton.
2. Alert Bay.                                                        24.
Metlakahtla.
3. Ashcroft.                                                           25.
Moodyville.
4. Barkerville.                                                       26.
New Denver.
5. Cassiar (Laketon).                                           27.
Nelson.
6.  Clinton.                                                                 28.
North Bend.
7. Comox.                                                              29.
Northfield.
8. Donald.                                                             30.
Okanagan Mission.
9.  Duncans.                                                                  31.
Osoyoos (Kruger's).
10.  Echo Cove.                                                          32.
Port Essington.
11.  Esquimalt.                                                               33.
Port Moody.
12.  Fort Simpson.                                                     34.
Quesnelle.
13. Fort Steele.                                                      35.
Revelstoke.
14. Glenora.                                                            36.
Rock Creek.
15.  Golden.                                                                 37.
Spence's Bridge.
16. Granite Creek.                                                    38.
Telegraph Creek.
17. Hazleton.                                                          39.
Three Forks.
18. Hope.                                                                 40.
Vancouver.
19. Kamloops.                                                         41.
Vernon.
20. Kaslo.                                                            42.
Wellington.
21. Kettle River.                                                   43.
Windermere.
22. Lillooet.                                                             44.
Yale.
45.  150-Mile House.
All of which are in good order and answer present requirements.
The following rules for prison discipline are in force throughout this Province, and have
been found sufficient for the order and conduct of prisons and lock-ups:—, 58 Vict. Prisons Report. 619
RULES   AND  REGULATIONS
FOR  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF
PROVINCIAL   GAOLS   AND   LOCK-UPS
IN THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
1. The Warden shall have full charge at all times of the Gaol and the Prisoners, and he
shall be responsible for the safe custody and general care of the prisoners, and for the state
and condition of every part of the Gaol and its surroundings, and for the general administration of its affairs.
2. The Warden shall conform to the Rules and Regulations himself, and shall see that
they are strictly observed by the prisoners and by the officers employed in or about the Gaol.
3. The Assistant Gaolers and Guards, while inside the Gaol, shall be under the orders of
the Warden, or, in the event of his absence, of tbe officer in charge of the Gaol at the time.
And when the chain-gang is on the outside of the Gaol the Senior Guard shall have control of
the Guards and prisoners.
4. Where there is no Warden, these Rules and Regulations shall apply to the Officer in
charge of the Gaol or Lock-up, excepting as to punishments.
5. Upon the admission of a prisoner to the Gaol he must be thoroughly searched in the
presence of a Constable, and a list of all articles found on him entered in the Prisoners' Effects
Book, and all prisoners must be searched every evening before being locked up in their cells,
and the cells and beds muse also be searched.
6. No visitor shall be allowed in the Gaol, or to speak with prisoners at any time, except
by permission of the officer in charge, and a Gaol official must be present at all interviews,
unless otherwise ordered.
7. The cells in use must be scrubbed and whitewashed every week, and the cell buckets
every day, and all other parts of the Gaol must at all times be kept in a perfectly clean
condition. Prisoners shall have clean underclothing and a bath when required, and not less
than once a week. All male prisoners while undergoing sentence shall have their hair cut as
close as may bo necessary for the purposes of health and cleanliness.
8. The Gaoler may allow such prisoners as he thinks fit to be out in the Gaol yard an
hour and a half in the morning and the same time in the afternoon. On Sundays and holidays
nil prisoners, except those in solitary confinement, are to be allowed this privilege. Prisoners
shall not be permitted to promenade in the Gaol corridors without permission, and then only
on condition that strict silence be observed
9. The Warden, or, if there be no Warden, the officer in charge of any prisoner, other
than a debtor, may place such irons on the prisoner as he may deem necessary for the prevention of escape. And the Senior Guard may refuse to allow any prisoner to go out in the
chain-gang unless he is ironed to his satisfaction. Prisoners' irons must be carefully examined
daily ; those of the chain-gang on leaving for work by the Senior Guard, and on return by the
officer in charge of the Gaol at the time.
10. Any person who in any way interferes with the discipline of the Gaol shall be excluded
from the Gaol as a visitor.
11. The prisoners shall rise at 6:30 o'clock a.m. from April 1st to September 30th, and
at 7 o'clock a.m. from October 1st to March 31st, and will be allowed half an hour to wash
and dress themselves. In Victoria, New Westminster, and Nanaimo Gaols a Guard must be
on the balcony before the cells are opened. The prisoners shall leave the Gaol for work at
7:30 o'clock a.m. in the summer time, returning at 5:30 o'clock p.m., and in the winter time
at 8 o'clock a.m., returning before dark.    One hour shall be allowed at noon for dinner. 620 Prisons Report. 1895
12. Strict silence must be observed in the cells, and in all parts of the Gaol. No
conversation between prisoners is allowed, except by special permission of the officer under
whose charge they are. Prisoners shall not be permitted to visit from one cell to another.
No marking or scratching the walls nor spitting upon the floor will be allowed, and no lights
shall be allowed in any of the cells.
13. All prisoners before leaving their cells must fold their bedding and leave the same in
a tidy condition. Prisoners attending service in the Gaol Chapel shall do so in an orderly
manner.    Spitting on the floor, shuffling the feet, or any unnecessary noise is strictly forbidden.
14. Under no condition whatever are prisoners to use oakum, rags, or other material
liable to choke closet or drain pipes; nothing but paper regularly supplied will be allowed.
15. Prisoners not under sentence must in no way interfere with or otherwise attract the
attention of prisoners under sentence from their work within the Gaol.
16. All prisoners must obey the orders of any of the Gaol Officers; those in the chain-
gang, while outside the Gaol, must obey the orders of any of the Guards.
17. Every prisoner will find it to his interest at all times to conform to the Pules and
Regulations, and to carefully read them over; but if a prisoner is unable to read they must
be read over or explained by an officer to him on application at a reasonable time.
18. No punishments or deprivations shall be awarded to any prisoner except by the
Superintendent of Provincial Police, or in his absence by the Warden of the Gaol, or by a
Justice of the Peace, who shall have power to order deprivations for the following offences,
namely :—
(1.) Disobedience of any of the Rules and Regulations of the Gaol.
(2.) Common assaults by one prisoner on another.
(3.) Cursing or using profane language.
(4.) Indecent behaviour or language towards another prisoner, or any officer of the Gaol,
or towards a visitor.
(5.) Idleness or negligence at work on the part of a prisoner sentenced to hard labour.
(6.) Refusal or neglect to keep himself or his cell in order.
(7.) Wilfully destroying or defacing the Gaol property.
(8.) Insubordination of any sort.
19. The punishment to be inflicted upon prisoners for any of the foregoing offences shall
not be other than the following :—
(1.) Solitary confinement in dark cells, with  or  without  bedding, not to exceed six days
for any one offence, nor three days at any one time.
(2.) Bread and water diet, full or half rations, combined or not with (No. 1).
(3.) Cold water punishment, with the approval of the visiting Physician.
20. The Gaoler or officer in charge of the Gaol shall have authority summarily to confine
any prisoner for misconduct in a solitary cell, or to place irons upon his hands and feet should
he find it necessary, such restraint not to extend over a longer period than is necessary to
bring the matter before the Superintendent of Provincial Police, or the Warden of the Gaol,
or, in the event of their absence, before any Justice of the Peace.
21. There shall be kept at the Victoria Gaol, and at New Westminster, Nanaimo, and
Kamloops Gaols, a " Conduct Book," in which shall be kept a daily record of the conduct and
industry of every convicted prisoner confined therein, with the view to determining the amount
of remission of sentence to which such convicted prisoner may be entitled for good conduct at
the end of every month.
22. Every convicted prisoner sentenced to any of the above-named Gaols may earn a
remission of a portion of the time for which he is sentenced to be confined, viz.: Five days for
every month during which he is exemplary in behaviour, industry, and faithfulness, and does
not violate any of the prison rules.
23. Every such prisoner who commits any breach of the above regulations shall, besides
any other penalty to which he is liable, be liable to forfeit the whole or any part of any
remission which he has earned under Rule 22 of these Regulations.
By Command.
F. S. HUSSEY,
Superintendent of Provincial Police and Warden of Gaols. 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
621
Statement showing the offences for which  prisoners  were sentenced during  the years
1892, and 1893, each ending on the 31st October.
1891,
Offences.
Victoria.
New
Westminster.
Nanaimo.
Kamloops.
Abduction and Rape	
1891
1
1892
"2
1893
1
1891
2
6
1892
1
1893
2
i
1891
1
7
1892
1893
1891
1892
1893
1
1
8
2
23
1
1
16
12
8
10
16
0
16
2
28
11
1
10
18
6
7
1
18
2
13
4
2
2
3
1
9
Breaches of Merchant Shipping Act	
34
14
1
2
3
1
1
1
2
2
4
1
4
1
3
2
?,
Carrying unlawful weapons	
1
6
3
1
4
2
3
2
I
1
Cruelty to animals	
1
1
5
1
1
4
21
1
2
23
2
3
1
Cutting, wounding, and attempting same....
1
4
1
5
1
3
1
4
1
Deserting employment	
3
3
276
2
5
248
4
14
1
Drunk and disorderly	
55
1
34
1
257
36
41
39
Embezzlement	
Escaping from and obstructing Constables
Escaping from prison	
5
2
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
3
3
3
1
1
3
7
19
3
3
4
2
2
2
Fraud, or obtaining money and goods by false
pretences 	
Highway robbery	
2
3
1
1
51
2
45
6
1
2
14
1
38
Horse, cattle, and sheep stealing	
2
6
5
57
1
56
2
0
49
2
31
1
1
3
4
35
"37
2
1
Housebreaking	
3
2
55
"40
2
1
4
60
1
38
1
oi
3
83
3
4
98
Indecent assaults and exposure	
Infraction of Indian Liquor Act	
Inmates and frequenters of houses of ill-fame
5
44
10
1
1
17
J
1
1
19
23
3
8
15
16
Manslaughter    	
Murder	
»      attempt to commit	
1
2
Possession of stolen property. ..
1
3
2
4
1
2
1
3
1
Selling liquor without a license	
3
1
1
13
2
173
Suicide, attempted	
5
158
5
14
9
210
1
1
15
1
449
Threatening and seditious language  	
3
3
5
5
11
273
4
20
4
426
1
7
30
479
7
4
82
14
1
126
1
Unsound mind	
4
Vagrancy	
14
32
225
13
9
23S
S
Other offences	
4
143
The Cities of Victoria and New Westminster are each provided with a city lock-up, which
is maintained by the Municipal Government, and during the above years a large number of
prisoners sentenced to short terms of imprisonment for drunkenness or for non-payment of
fines have served their terms of imprisonment in the lock-ups. The above statement does not
include such prisoners. The Cities of Nanaimo and Kamloops do not use a lock-up for such
purposes, but send all their prisoners to the County Gaol as soon as they have been convicted. 622                                                  Prisons Report.
1895
Statement showing the offences for which prisoners were convicted and sentenced to imprisonment in the Provincial Gaols and City Lock-ups during the year ending October 31st, 1894.
Offences.
Victoria.
Vancouver
New
West'r.
Nanaimo.
Kam-
loops-
Totals
It
3h
A
h3
A
>>?
.S M
h-H
3   .
S'o
> =5
go
3h
A
Sji
'3 ^
.3 o
> £
go
A
! Provincial
Gaol.
of
each
offence.
2
2
Arson    	
Assaults	
3
16
6
3
22
32
7
3
ii
8
1
3
1
100
10
1
1
//            City By-Laws	
t,            Dentistrv and Medical Acts  	
n             Game Act	
11
5
67
79
2
4
67
1
1
41
16
147
1
3
4
1
42
3
2
21
7
14
28
1
23
10
40
1
8
279
4
n            Merchant Shipping Act	
,,            Militia Act	
10
1
20
48
2
ft            Post Office Act	
20
1
1
1
5
1
1
5
4
3
9
4
6
2
1
2
2
3
13
1
2
1
1
6
Cutting, wounding, and attempts    	
1
4
4
8
2
3
3
6
5
7
4
423
19
158
1
24
34
92
1
14
31
755
1
Escapes from prison, and attempts [tences
Fraud, or obtaining  money and goods by false pre-
Frequenters, keepers, and inmates of houses of ill-
Firearms Act (Minors)    [fame
2
1
2
3
....
1
2
i'
69
2
4
13
1
1
8
89
1
2
1
3
3
12
12
4
2
i
1
4
2
1
59
10
2
5
1
60
1
3
22
6
23
11
184
Libel	
1
1
1
5
2
1
1
1
1
Murder	
1
1
1
8
0
1
2
4
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
9
3
13
3
1
1
19
2
14
1
3
14
2
1
31
5
1
3
1
3
6
9
3
2
2
Suicide, attempted	
2
2
1
21
11
4
220
•y
1
1
3
12
2
1
15
6
3
2
4
92
7
Unsound mind  	
3
8
3
46
145
Other offences	
7
294
641
490
109
202
29
116
2101 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
62o-
List of prisoners convicted of murder and manslaughter, from January 1st, 1873, to October
31st, 1894.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
Prisoner's Ns
Jas. McGrath	
Chillachan	
Che-la-hun	
C.leorgj (Indian)  	
Thomas Schooley....
Peter Adair	
Johnny (Indian)	
Quanimican (Indian) .
Leo (Indian)	
Batiste Thomas  	
James N. Brown ....
John Jordan	
Edward Morgan	
Wyochute (Indian). . .
Toby, „       ...
Jacob, a
Dandy Jim, »
Wyachute, //
Johnson, alias Alton .
Alexander Hare	
Charlie McLean	
Archie McLean	
Allen McLean	
Peam (Indian)	
William,   »      	
John Hall  	
Woong Foong	
Neet-tope	
Lakka-a	
hil-chow-malt	
Wm. Robertson	
Edward Lemon	
Alexander Ingle	
Haatg	
Jos. Rogers	
Tul-wha-lem	
Oct, alias Alick	
Jimmy  	
Jas. Harry (Indian) . .
John Everson ......
Antoine  	
Kaywus (Indian) ....
Chas. Suet (Chinese).
Albert Malott	
Robert E. Sproule . . .
Peter Derose	
James Connelly	
James Maxwell	
Win. Shearer  ......
Jim Williams	
Louis Omegash	
Ah Chow	
Ah Fat 	
Lee Sam [dian)
.J oh nny Macmoose (In -
Michael Kennedy....
Jim Iscnuequass	
Ah Yow	
En Cow	
Joe Kammel (Kanaka)
Chan Ah Hung	
Un Bacht	
Tim (Indian)	
Frank Spencer 	
Place of Trial.
Victoria 	
// 	
a 	
a 	
// 	
Yale	
New Westminster,
Victoria ...
ii     .
New Westminster
Victoria	
New Westminster,
Victoria	
New Westminster.
Clinton ...   	
Yale 	
New Westminster.
Victoria
Clinton .
Victoria	
New Westminster.
Victoria 	
Yale	
Victoria	
Yale	
New Westminster.
Victoria	
Yale 	
Kamloops	
Nanaimo  	
New Westminster.
Kamloops	
Victoria	
Yale	
New Westminster.
Nanaimo
Yale . . .
Victoria .
Nanaimo  	
Kamloops	
Nanaimo 	
New Westminster.
it
Victoria	
Nanaimo  	
New Westminster..
Kamloops	
Date of Trial.
Verdict.
June 16th, 1873 Manslaughter
Nov. 7th,     it    j n
Dec. 4th,      a
Mar. 17th, 1874
Oct. 16th,     „
Oct. 18th,     t,
Nov. 11th,   »
Ap'l 26th,
May 13th,
May loth,
May 27th,
Sept. 23rd,
Nov. 26th,
1875
1878
June 23rd, 1879
July 10th,    i,
Aug. 28th,   „
Dec. loth,    //
Aug. 5th,   1881
Nov. 27th, 1882
Dec. 4th,      /
June 7th, 1883
July 25th,    ,
Nov. 15th,   ,
April 7th, 1884
May 22nd,    ,
Nov. 24th,   /
1SS5
Oct. 18th,
Dec. 10th.
Feb. 11th,
Oct. 12th,
Oct. 24th,
Dec. 1st,
Mar. 31st, 18S6
June 9th,
Oct. 11th, 18S6
Ap'l 13th, 1887
May 4th,      „
June 7th,      a
Oct.  10th,     „
Nov. 28th,   i,
June 5th,   1888
Oct. 2nd,      ,,
Nov. 5th,     a
Nov. 22nd,   „
Nov. 28th,   a
May 20th, 1889
June 4th,      »
Nov. 12th,   n
June 2nd,  1890
Murder	
Manslaughter
Murder	
it       	
Manslaughter
//
Murder	
Manslaughter
Murder	
Manslaughter
Murder	
//        	
it        	
Manslaughter
//
Murder	
//        ...
Manslaughter
Murder ...
//        ...
Manslaughter
Murder	
//        	
//        	
Manslaughter
Murder
Manslaughter
Murder	
//        	
//        	
Manslaughter
Murder	
Manslaughter
a
a
Murder	
Manslaughter
a
Murder	
Sentence.
[prisonment.
Fined $300, or 12 months im-
4 years. Penitentiary.
4 /;      Hard Labour.
2     i,      Imprisonment.
Death—Executed.
14 years, Penitentiary.
2 it a        [Penit'y
Death—Commuted to 10 yrs.
14    „
6 years, Penitentiary.
10     it
15 a a
3 i,
Death—Executed.
5 years, Penitentiary.
Death.
Penitentiary for life.
Death—Executed.
5 years, Penitentiary.
5     it
7     it
14// //
Death—Executed.
// //
4 months' Hard Labour.
Death—Executed.
// //
7 years, Penitentiary.
Death—Executed.
3 years, Penitentiary.
5     // //
10     //
5      // //
10      /,
Death—Executed.
« [prisonment
Commuted to life im-
Executed.
| Commuted to Penitentiary for life.
f
Penitentiary for life.
23 months' Hard Labour.
5 years, Penitentiary.
Death—Executed.
// //       [prisonment
« Commuted to life im-
7 years, Penitentiary.
Life in Penitentiary.
Death—Executed.
3 years, Penitentiary.
12 it
13 ,/
Death—Committed suicide.
2 years, Penitentiary.
1 year's imprisonment.
Death—Executed. 624
Prisons Report.
1895
List of prisoners convicted of murder and manslaughter from January 1st, 1873, to October
31st, 1894.—Concluded.
No.
Prisoner's Name.
Place of Trial.
Date of Trial.
Verdict.
Sentence.
65
Alex. Houston  	
New Westminster..
June 4th,   1890
Manslaughter
14 years, Penitentiary.
66
Tom Lakanitze	
//
//                            //
//
4     //                w
67
Sain (Indian)	
//               ..
//                            //
«
5     „
68
Jim,        //       	
//               ..
//                ri
„
5     „
69
Shunagh (Indian)....
//
Nov. 15th,   ,,
Murder	
Death—Executed.
70
Fong Lin Din	
Victoria	
Nov. 25th,   „
Manslaughter
10 years, Penitentiary.
71
Cepriano Lupernio .. .
Nanaimo  	
Dec. 2nd,      ,,
a
14     „                „
72
Lawrence Whelan .. .
Victoria 	
Feb. 2nd,   1891
a
Penitentiary for life.
73
Emia (Indian)	
Clinton	
Sept. 30th,   it
Death, but pardoned.
74
Jane Melinda Brown.
June 7th,   1892
Manslaughter
5 years, Penitentiary.
Death "\ Commuted to  Peni
75
Charlie (Indian)	
New Westminster..
June 4th,      //
76
John,           //        	
//               . .
//             n
„       	
Death/    tentiary for life.
77
Carey Jones	
Nanaimo  	
Dec. 6th,      ,,
Manslaughter
Penitentiary for life.
78
Domin'ck Teregnollo.
Sing Kee	
Murder	
79
80
John Wilson	
Victoria	
Oct. 10th, 1893
Manslaughter
12 years, Penitentiary.
81
Ben Kennedy	
New Westminster..
Nov. 11th,   »
/;
Penitentiary for life.
82
Peter (Indian)	
a
Nov. 18th,    n
//
a                  a
83
Jack,        //       	
a              .
tt                 a
„
it                  n
84
Wm. Sangster	
a
ii                   a
/;
12 years, Penitentiary.
85
Albert J. Stroebel . ..
Victoria	
Dec. 19th,    „
Murder	
Death—Executed.
86
John McDougall	
New Westminster..
May 10th, 1894
Manslaughter
8 years, Penitentiary.
87
Hugh Lynn 	
a              ..
July 20th,    „
Murder	
Death—Executed.
88
Charlie (Indian)	
"
May 11th,    „
Manslaughter
18 months' Hard Labour. 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
625
Tabular statement of prisoners convicted of murder and manslaughter from January 1st, 1873,
to October 31st, 1894.
Year.
Victoria.
New
Westminster
Nanaimo.
Kamloops.
Clinton.
Yale.
Yearly
totals.
u
1
-P
P
a
a
3
S
a)
u
1
ri
to
U
1
1
Manslaughter.
i
1
1
3
a*
J  Manslaughter.
Manslaughter.
1873
3
4
1
"3'
4
1874
i
i
1
2
1875
2
1876
1877
1878
1
2
2
5
3
7
2
1879
1
l
1880
1881
1
2
1
0
1882
4
1
2
1
1
1
2
1883
2
3
4
1
6
4
2
1
3
4
1
1
1
1884
1
2
1
3
1885
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
3
1886
I
1
1
2
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1887
0
1888
1
4
1889
2
1890
2
1
1
1
7
1891
1892
2
1
4
2
2
o
2
1893
1
1
5
1894
2
4
13
14
14
20
4
6
3
1
4
5
43
45
The movements of prisoners in the Gaols of the Province during the year ending October 3 I st
1894, is summarized as follows:—
Victoria.
New
Westminster.
Nanaimo.
Kamloops.
Prisoners confined October 31st 1893  ....
Received since October 31st, 1893	
48
294     V3:
51
220
27
202
23
116
Discharged since October 31st, 1893	
342
290
271
216
229
208
139
121
52
1
55
1
51
54
21
18
The decrease in the number of prisoners on 31st October, 1894, as compared  with  the
number registered 31st October, 1893, was five. VICTORIA   GAOL.
Victoria, B. C, November 20th, 1894.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the annual statistical report of the Victoria
Gaol for the prison year ending 31st October, 1894. On the 31st October, 1893, there
remained in custody 48 prisoners, received during the past year, 283, total, 331; discharged
during the year, 280; so that there remained at midnight, 31st October, 51 prisoners in
custody, an increase of 3 over that of the previous year. The prisoners received were brought
in as follows :—
From the City Police Court  181
„     H. M. ships  20
By the Provincial Police  72
Sheriff  10
Total    283
Good discipline has been maintained in the gaol during the year. The amended rules and
regulations are quite satisfactory, and they will no doubt answer every purpose for years to
come. The conduct and industry of the prisoners generally have been good, fewer reports,
and many of them not of a serious character, have been the rule, so that punishments have
rarely been resorted to.
One successful escape was made during the year from the gang, but the prisoner was
recaptured a few days after, and is now serving an additional sentence of six months at hard
labour.
The buildings are in a good state of repair, but an appropriation should be made for a
supply of paint, etc., which are very much required.
The total expenditure for the year, including salaries, was $10,632.28. Included in this
amount are fuel, light, water, food, and some repairs to the Juvenile Reformatory.
The cash receipts for the year from all sources amounted $3,133.58, a summary account
of which will be found in another portion of this report, and does not include $728 for the
very best of broken stone supplied to the Lands and Works Department for district roads.
Prisoners sentenced to hard labour have been kept employed breaking rock and other
necessary work. Able-bodied tramps are giving this gaol a wide berth since stone-breaking
has been actively carried on. Only five prisoners were sentenced during the year as vagrants,
three out of the five being physically unable to do a hard day's work. One gang of prisoners
has been employed improving Government House grounds and other work as required.
The general health of the prisoners this year has been good, thanks to the care and
attention paid to prisoners by the Gaol Surgeon. There have been no deaths and no serious
accidents to record. Fortunately the prison has not been visited by any contagious or
epidemic disease, as was the case last year. No doubt the improvements made to the sanitary
arrangements of the gaol, together with healthy out-door work, have had a very beneficial effect.
Religious services are still being continued for the moral and general improvement of the
prisoners by members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union and the Salvation Army.
Since my last report the Rev. W. H. P. Arden, late incumbent of St. Mark's Church, who had
for several years regularly held services in this gaol, left the Province. The Rev. Mr. Arden
was an energetic worker among prisoners of all classes, and felt concerned in their welfare.
His departure was a matter of regret to the officers of the gaol, which feeling was also shared
by the prisoners. Latterly Rev. Mr. Lipscombe has been holding service in the morning, and
it is to be hoped that he may find time to continue in his good work. That the labour of
these good people is duly appreciated by many of the prisoners there can be no doubt, and
from my observation of prisoners generally they are as devout and amenable to religious
influences as, under the circumstances, could be expected.
In closing this report I am pleased to state that the assistant officers of the gaol have
discharged their duties to my satisfaction, and are fully aware as to the responsibility of their
positions. • I have, etc.,
F. S. Hussey, Esq., R- F. John,  Warden.
Supierintendent of Provincial Police, &c, Victoria, B. C. 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
627
PROVINCIAL GAOL AT VICTORIA, B. C,
Report for the Year ending 31st October, 1894.
1.—Official Staff.
Office.
Name.
Salary per Annum.
Warden	
R. F. John	
E. ,1. Parsons	
Robt. Liddell	
$ 1,320 00
840 00
840 00
3rd      ,,       	
840 00
Almond Thomas	
Joseph Mellon	
J  H  Mason
960 00
2nd     „     	
800 00
740 00
Gaol Surgeon  	
Hon. J. S. Helmcken, M. D	
400 00
2.— Statement "A."
Number of prisoners remaining in custody 31st October, 1893      48
Number of prisoners received during the year    283
Total
331
3.—Statement "B."
A return of the names, ages, callings, and crimes  of Prisoners  who  died  in Gaol during the
year ending 31st October, 1894.
Name.
Age.
Country.
Calling.
Residence.
Crime.
Date of Death.
Albert J. Stroebel..
21
United States
Barber.. .
New Westminst'rDist.
Murder
Executed Jan. 30th, 1894
4.—Statement "C."
Discharged from Prison on expiration of sentence  203
ii               n    Supreme Court ,  6
ii               ii    County Court Judge's Criminal Court  4
ii               ii    Provincial Police Court  9
ii           on payment of fine     . 13
n           temporarily insane  5
By death  1
Transferred to Penitentiary  11
New Westminster Gaol  2
Lunatic Asylum  8
Nanaimo Gaol  1
Reformatory    2
Naval authorities  13
Out on bail  2
Remaining in custody 31st October, 1894.
280
51
331 628 Prisons Report. 1895
5.—Statement " D."
Offenders pardoned during the year  Nil.
6.—Statement "E."
Average number of prisoners per month 1,525 ~
» day              50 33¥7g
Number of prisoners in confinement on 31st October, 1893       48
fil
ii ii it ii ii        ^J-
Total number received during the year     283
7.—Statement "F."—Receipts and Expenditures for the year ending 31st October, 1894.
Amount received for keep of prisoners, Victoria City $1,966  78
Naval       902 50
,, ,, ,, ,, Provincial       201 05
ii ii sale of surplus produce         63 25
 $3,133 58
Credit for 364 loads of broken stone, district roads       728 00
Provincial fines collected and paid to Superintendent Hussey         27 00
City Police Court fines, collected and paid to Clerk, C. P. Court       352 00
Cash on hand October 31st, 1894.—Nil.
Expenditure.
Bread $626 90
Meat    515 25
Groceries, soap, brooms, and brushes    528 32
Clothing, shoes, and repairing material    402  72
 $2,073 19
Fuel  486 15
Light (gas)  342 40
Water.'  124 98
Medicine   38 20
Lime, paint, oil, turps, and tar  45 39
Seed potatoes and garden seed  30 67
Repairs to buildings, etc  272 85
Manure, 50 loads, for garden  75 00
Leg-irons, and repairs to locks  31 00
Lumber, nails, powder, fuse, and tools  130 05
Miscellaneous accounts  128 40
3,778 28
Salaries    6,854 00
Total $10,632 23 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
629
Bandsman 	
Occu
      3
      1
      1
potions.
Miner	
2
     5
Moulder	
     2
Boilermaker   	
      1
      1
     5
Organ-grinder    	
      1
     5
      1
Butcher  	
      4
      1
      1
     1
     2
      1
Clerk	
Charwoman	
     5
     3
      1
Shingler	
Shipwright	
     4
.        1
. .    4
Cook    	
Deck-hand	
    11
     7
    13
      1
Domestics	
      3
      2
      3
Seal hunter   	
      1
    45
     5
Gardener   	
    25
     3
Shoemaker	
      3
Tailor	
Waiter	
3
House-servant	
Laundryman	
     2
    47
          1
     4
     3
Total	
nalities.
.   .    2
Longshoreman	
    10
27
Machinist	
M. D.'s	
      3
. .             3
283
Marine engineer	
              1
Natic
British Columbia, Whites	
....   23
ii                 Coloured . . .
ii                 Half-breed
England	
Scotland	
11
      9
    27    Italy	
      5
.......   14
23
    27                             Total	
    33
Religious Denominations.
283
Church of England	
Methodist	
Lutheran	
    33
    18                             Total....
    18
Educational.
20
61
283
Read and write
Read only	
No education ...
192
.   80
Total	
...283
Social Condition.
51
Widowers	
15
	
Total	 630
Prisons Report.
1895
Habits.
Temperate ..
Intemperate
Total.
.   78
.205
.283
Ages.
From 13 to 20 years
m    20 to 30     „
ii    30 to 40     M
n    40 to 50     „
26
123
75
37
From 50 to 60 years
„    60 to 72     „
18
4
Total 283
Return showing the periods of  sentence  passed  on  the convicted  prisoners received in
Victoria Gaol during the year ending October 31st, 1894 :—
One month and under    89
Over  1 month and under 2 months    11
•i         3      „  50
  35
  3
  2
  20
  8
  5
  1
2 years; transferred to Penitentiary  4
3 ii                 ii                       ii               4
4 ii                ,i                      ..  3
Death sentence  1
2 months
3
4
5
6
9
12
18
Return showing the remission time earned by prisoners in Victoria Gaol during the year
ending October 31st, 1894:—
60 prisoners earned      5 days each.
35 „     10
15 i,     15
5 „     20
2 „     25
13 „     30
1 i,     40
2 „     60
1 „     70
1 „  100
27 ii No remission.
Number of cells in the gaol, 75, and 5 solitary cells.
Number of prisoners gaol is capable of holding, 127.
Greatest number of prisoners confined in gaol on any one day during the year, 64.
Lowest number of prisoners confined in gaol on any one day during the year, 41, 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
631
how prisoners have been employed  during the year ending
1894.
Return showins
31st October,
a
c
t3
r£
CD
□
CD
en
a
c3
Month.
o
a
CD
a
CD
60 A
C—i
cfi
y«
a ta
id
a
Is S
H
D
66
<
Novemb'r, 1893
69
1
December,   n
78
65
5
January,    1S94
74
69
3
February,    //
69
60
5
March,         n
63
49
4
ADril,           //
64
46
12
May,
68
53
June,            it
71
61
1
July.
57
50
1
August,       ti
60
54
2
September, //
59
53
1
October,      n
76
68
3
"c
ti
OS
0
tao
'4-1
°
.3
^ <i>
.4   (D
.-   6T
o bo
£3   ^
• rt    CD
■i-i  o
-rt  >
,-.  >
CD   <*
CD    "
>. >>
>> i>,
CD
CD*
"3 B
"3. ■
£
A
a
W
H
tq
K
M
15
21
4
8
1
17
22
2
8
3
28
13
1
11
17
23
1
7
1
14
24
1
9
o
12
16
O
3
19
19
6
8
2
14
26
3
6
1
14
24
1
5
3
13
22
13
3
13
19
9
1
22
24
17
2
Chain-gang—where and how
employed.
Amount
received for
prison labour
(if any).
}■
Prisoners sentenced to hard
labour have been employed
blasting and breaking rock
and other necessary work.
In wet and cold weather
picking oakum inside. One
gang has been at work at
Government House, improving grounds, etc.
<D
U
a
2
-T3
^
ft
w
T3
O
^
'Eh
ctf
a
H
ft
O
+3
<4--
o
co
ft
F-4
3
-P
so
-
8.—Statement " G."—Tenders accepted for Supplies.
Bread McMillan Bros.
Meat John Parker.
Groceries, soap, brooms, and brushes Henry Saunders.
Clothing, shoes, and blankets    Gilmore & McCandless.
Coal Rattray & Hall.
9.—Statement "H."—Value of Prison Property.
Real estate and buildings, estimated value $65,000 00.
Stores and tools, etc      1,750 00.
Certified correct.
R. F. John,
31st October, 1894.
Warden. 632
Prisons Report.
1895
JUVENILE REFORMATORY.
Juvenile Reformatory,
Victoria, B. C, November 27th, 1894.
F. S. Hussey, Esq.,
Superintendent, Provincial Police.
Sir,—I have the honour to present the Juvenile Reformatory Report for the year ending
October 31st, 1894.
Received during the year    6
Discharged  5
Transferred to Gaol  2
Escaped  1
Now in charge  3
Following are the names, with particulars :—
Name.
District.
Age.
Conviction.
Sentence.
Albert Radelet	
Vancouver	
Westminster ....
Victoria	
13
16
15
12
15
13
Larceny ,
Burglary  	
Arson	
2 years
3 ,,
3     a
John Johnson	
Donald Irvine	
3      a
1 month.
1      a
Ernest Johnson and John Ross were transferred to the Gaol for being incorrigible, making
repeated efforts to escape, demoralizing the other boys, and inciting them to insubordination.
I have &c,
J. FlNLAYSON.
Superintendent, Juvenile Reformatory. 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
633
PROVINCIAL GAOL AT NEW WESTMINSTER.
Report for the Year ending 31st October, 1894.
1.—Official Staff.
Office.
Name.
Salary pee Annum.
Warden	
W. G. Armstrong	
G. A. Calbick	
$1,440 00
960 00
2nd      »      	
3rd       a     	
840 00
630 00
1st Convict Guard	
2nd             „            	
Joseph Burr  	
960 00
780 00
3rd              a            	
Medical Officer	
M. J. Lavell	
780 00
400 00
2.—Statement " A."
Number of Prisoners remaining in custody 31st October, 1893     51
ii ii received during the year 266
3.—Statement " B."
A Return of the names, ages, callings, and crimes of Prisoners who died in Gaol during
the year ending 31st October, 1894 :—
Name.
Age.
Country.
Calling.
Residence.
Crime.
Date of Death.
35
Destitution .
Murder   ....
January 4th, 1894.
Executed August 24th, 1894.
Hugh Lynn . . .
At sea	
Logger	
Vancouver ..
4.—Statement " C."
Discharged from Prison on expiration of sentence  110
ii             ii      Supreme Court   18
ii             ii      County Court Judge's Criminal Court  5
n             ii      Provincial Police Court  16
n on payment of fine	
ii            temporarily insane  4
Transferred to Penitentiary  25
ii                 Lunatic Asylum  16
n                 Reformatory  4
ii                  Naval authorities ,  8
Remaining in custody 31st October, 1894  54
To various sources  55
Died in Gaol .....,,,,  2 5.—Statement " D."
Offenders pardoned during the year     None.
6.—Statement " E."
Average number of Prisoners per month 1,373 . 6
ii ii day       45
Number of Prisoners in confinement on 31st October, 1893         51
1894          54
Total number received during the year     266
7.—Statement "F."—Receipts and Expenditure for the year ending 31st October, 1894.
Amount received for keep of prisoners      $159 00
(Keep for Naval prisoners, $159, paid in Victoria.)
Cash on hand on 31st October, 1894 None
Expenditure :—
Food $1,414 10
Bedding    . . 30 50
Clothing  257 40
Hospital stores  259 47
Salaries of Officers  6,790 00
Fuel and light  1,267 24
For the erection of new buildings and repairs  612 73
Water  514 34
$11,145 78
Keep of each prisoner for food and clothing per day 10.1 cents.
ii ii including salaries and all expenses     67 6     n
Return showing how prisoners have been employed during the year ending 31st October,
1894 :—Prisoners have been employed in Gaol kitchen and Court House, Gaol field, Gaol
laundry floor, Gaol grounds, Court House grounds, Queen's Park.
8.—Statement "G."—Tenders accepted for Supplies.
Groceries T. S. Annandale.
Meat Fraser Valley Meat Co.
Bread A. L. Lavery.
Fish Western Fisheries Co.
Milk Pacific Dairy.
Clothing J. E. Phillips.
Drugs D. S. Curtis.
Coal and Wood J. W. Creighton.
9.—Statement " H."—Value of Prison Property.
Real estate and buildings $100,000 00
Stores and tools, &c        2,000 00
Certified correct.
W, Moresby,
Gaoler,
31st October, 1894- 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
635
PROVINCIAL GAOL AT NANAIMO,
Report for the Year ending 31st October, 1894.
1.—Official Staff.
Office.
Chief Constable and Gaoler
Constable and 2nd Gaoler. .
a 3rd      a
1st Convict Guard	
2nd it 	
Medical Officer	
Name.
Salaky fee Annum.
$1,200 00
William H. Boyd	
960 00
720 00
840 00
780 00
Moses H. Mcludoo	
Louis T. Davis, M.D	
780 00
240 00
2.— Statement " A."
Number of Prisoners remaining in custody 31st October, 1893 .       27
ii ii received during the year    235
3.—Statement "B."
A Return of the names, ages, callings, and crimes of Prisoners  who  died  in Gaol during the
year ending 31st October, 1894.—Nil.
4.—Statement " C."
Discharged from Prison on expiration of sentence  52
ii               ii    Supreme Court       2
ii               ii    County Court Judge's Criminal Court  2
ii              ii    Provincial Police Court, a number paying costs  59
ii           on payment of fine  81
ii           temporarily insane  1
Transferred to Penitentiary ,  6
ii                  Lunatic Asylum  3
ii                  Lodgings  6
ii                  Other Gaols  1
On bail       1
Remaining in custody 31st October, 1894  21 636 Prisons Report. 1895
5.—Statement "D."
Offenders pardoned during the year, Sherman Lewis and Joe Rodello, Sth January, 1894 . . .2
6.—Statement " E."
Average number of Prisoners per month 679-g-
ii ii ii day    22|-
Number of Prisoners in confinement on 31st October, 1893    27
1894    21
Total number received during the year     235
Tried by summons, Provincial Police Court    52
7.—Statement "F."—Receipts and Expenditure for the year ending 31st October, 1894.
Amount received for keep of Prisoners    Nil.
Amount of   Fines,   Forfeitures,   and  Cash  received  (full particulars in  detail, showing how
money has been disposed of):—
Revenue    $2,641 00
Justices' Fees       184 00
City and Special Constables       174 50
Cash on hand on 31st October, 1894 Nil.
Expenditure :—
Food $   896 31
Bedding  1 00
Clothing       142 10
Water         83 95
Hospital stores    11 00
Sundries           164 45
Salaries of Officers    5,520 00
Fuel and light       190 65
Tools and repairs       102 84
For the erection of new buildings and repairs         99 16
$7,211 46
Keep of each prisoner for food and clothing per day 12J cents.
ii ii       including salaries and all expenses, per diem 89-|     n
Return showing how prisoners have been employed during the year ending 31st October,
1894.—Prisoners have been employed in gaol work, clearing gaol site, inside and outside gaol,
in and about new gaol, and work on streets.—Value, $1,821.
8.—Statement "G."—Tenders accepted for Supplies.
Bread Rowbottom & Sons.
Meat and vegetables Edward Quennell.
Groceries, &c Johnston & Co.
Clothing, &c Hirst Bros.
Brogans, &c Whitfield. 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
63
9.—Statement " H.—Value of Prison Property.
Real estate and buildings , $21,000 00
Stores and tools, &c      1,197 00
622,197 00
Nanaimo, 14th December, 1894.
F. S. Hussey, Esq.,
Superintendent Provincial Police.
Sir,—I herewith enclose the garden account of the Provincial Gaol, Nanaimo, for the
year 1894. You will observe from the dates of the purchase of the seed that the planting was
rather late in the season. The season being a very dry one, and the soil light, without
manure, I think the result very satisfactory.
A large quantity of wood has been cut and piled, to be used in the furnace of the heater.
No coal has been used so far, except in the cooking stove and small hot-water heater.
A well has been dug on the north side of the gaol fence, 30 feet deep, digged and walled by
the prisoners. The old fire-pump, lying for several years in the old gaol loft, has been placed
in position over the well, and when a supply of hose can be obtained will be very useful for
watering the garden, and also a great protection in case of fire.
Respectfully,
W. Stewart,
Chief Constable and Gaoler.
Garden Account, Provincial Gaol, Nanaimo, 1894.
Dk.
May 25th, 1894—To 998 lbs. seed potatoes.
„   110  „
n   garden seeds	
»   turnip and carrot seed
»   600 cabbage plants ...
June 2nd
//      //
„   12th,
$16 15
1 65
60
80
3 00
October,     1894—To 5,732 lbs. potatoes
Cr.
114 64
December,
3,200
1,098 n
303 „
66 „
28 ,i
1,000 ii
turnips    64 00
carrots  21 96
parsnips .... 6 06
beets  1 32
onions  56
cabbage   .... 20 00
$22 20
About 100 Bus. not used for seed.
For several years contract price, 2 cents per
31st October, 1894.
$228 54
for vegetables.
Certified correct.
W. Stewart,
Chief Constable and Gaoler. 638
Prisons Report.
1895
PROVINCIAL GAOL AT KAMLOOPS.
Report for the Year ending 31st October, 1894.
1.—Official Staff.
Office.
Name.
Salary pee Annum.
0. S. Batchelor    	
Jas. A Sinclair (retired)	
Hugh McLean	
$ 70 00 (one month.)
840 00
720 00
780 00
E. Furrer, M. D	
240 00
2.—Statement "A."
Number of prisoners remaining in custody 31st October, 1893    25
ii ii received during the year 136
3.—Statement "B."
A return of the names,  ages,   callings,  and  crimes  of  prisoners  who died in Gaol during  the
year ending 31st October, 1894.
Name.
Age.
Country .
Calling.
Residence.
Crime.
Date of Death.
Quin Took	
23
55
China	
Labourer . .
Labourer . .
Kamloops....
Lillooet  	
Vagrant	
Liquor  to In-
[dians.
April 12th, 1894
Aug. 11th,  1894
4.—Statement "C."
Discharged from prison on expiration of sentence  85
ii    Supreme Court  0
ii    County Court Judge's Criminal Court . ,  9
n    Provincial Police Court  12
on payment of fine  26
temporarily insane  1
Transferred to Penitentiary  6
ii            Lunatic Asylum  2
ii             Reformatory  0
ii             Naval authorities  0
Remaining in custody 31st October, 1894  18 58 Vict.
Prisons Report.
639
5.—Statement " D."
Offenders pardoned during the year None.
6.—Statement " E."
Average number of prisoners per month    30|-
ii i' ii day    19y
Number of prisoners in confinement on 31st October, 1893      25
1894    18
Total number received during the year 136
7.—Statement "F."—Receipts and Expenditure for the year ending 31st October, 1894.
Receipts :—
Amount received for keep of prisoners    Nil.
Amount of Fines, Forfeitures, and Cash received (full particulars in detail, showing
how money has been disposed of)    $429 50
Cash on hand on 31st October, 1894      None.
Expenditure :—
Food   $ 1,303 86f
Bedding	
Clothing   71 90
Hospital stores        119 20
Salaries of Officers     2,650 00
Fuel and light        601 56
For the erection of new buildings and repairs. . .         102 10
Total $ 4,848 62|
Keep of each prisoner for food and clothing per day $   . 19^/^
ii ii including salaries and all expenses, per diem 68£
Return showing how prisoners have been employed during the year ending 31st October, 1894.
a
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eg
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O
Amount
o
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Chain-gang—where and how
received for
Month.
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a
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employed.
prison labour
e
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C
(if any).
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s
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a
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36
i->
36
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5
5*
4
w
3
M
£>
Novemb'r, 1893
1
N
December,   »
31
31
5
51
4
3
Cutting   Government   wood
\
January,   1894
31
31
1
5
5#
4
3
]
and City street work; shov
February,    //
22
20
2
5
5
3
elling snow off roads ; cut
March,          //
30
27
3
5
4i
3
ting wood, putting up ice
April,            ,/
May,            /,
30
31
24
26
6
5
5
5
6
51
°2
3
3
for Gaol, making  streets;
City sidewalks work; mend
> Nothing.
June,            a
36
30
6
5
5
1
3
ing Thompson Riv. bridge;
July,             a
33
31
2
5
41
3
Registry Office wall; work
August,         /;
23
22
1
0
3
3
ing    around    Government
September, «
33
32
1
5
5i
1
3
Office and Gaol.
October,       n
32
30
2
5
5i
3
> 640 Prisons Report. 1895
8.—Statement " G."—Tenders accepted for Supplies.
Hull Bros Beef and fish.
W. H. Buse    Vegetables.
Thos. Hornby Coal and wood.
D. B. Stevens Bread.
Hudson's Bay Co Groceries.
McArthur & Harper Clothing.
James Vair Paints, etc.
9.—Statement " H."—Value of Prison Property.
Real estate and buildings $7,000 00
Stores and tools, &c       688 42
Certified correct,
O. S. Batchelor,
Gaoler.
31st October, 1894.
VICTORIA, B. C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfkndkn, Printer to tbe Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1895.

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