BC Sessional Papers

PAPERS RELATING TO ARTESIAN WELL BORING. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1890

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 53 Vic. Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 427
Sealed proposals will be received by the Honourable Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works up to noon of Wednesday, 10th July next, from persons experienced in well drilling
who may be desirous of undertaking contracts from the Government for sinking one or more
experimental artesian wells in Yale District, B. G, with a view to determining their value for
purposes of irrigation.
Proposals must state clearly all conditions and terms, state the kind of apparatus proposed
to be used, and give the names of two responsible residents of the Province who are willing to
enter into a bond to secure the faithful carrying out of any contract which may be entered into.
Such information as may be in possession of the Lands and Works Department will be
furnished on application to parties proposing to contract.
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Lands and Works Department, Surveyor-General.
Victoria, B. C, 10th June, 1889.
Note.—Copies of this notice were sent to several firms in the east, but no bid was received from any of
them. ~ W. S. G.
Vancouver, B. G, June 17th, 1889.
Dear Sir,—Noticing that you are calling for tenders for well boring, we beg to call your
attention to the fact that we have a machine capable of boring to a depth of 2,500 feet, but we
are not in a position to tender for the work. We would, however, be willing to rent the
machine to the Government, and also furnish them with an experienced man capable of doing
the work. We have a modern machine capable of going 2,500 feet deep, and have a thoroughly
competent man capable of taking charge of the same.
We have an opportunity to let this machine go to other parties, but if we could come to
some arrangement quickly, that is, within three of four days, we would prefer letting the
Government have it.
Our proposition would be to let the Government bear the exact cost, we furnishing the
machine and receive a rent for our capital invested.
If this meets with your approval will you kindly let us know by return mail.
(Signed)        Rand Bros.
W. S. Gore, Esq.,
Surveyor-General, Victoria, B. C. 428 Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 1890
Victoria, B. G, June 21st, 1889.
Gentlemen,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 17th
inst., offering to rent to the Government your boring apparatus upon certain conditions, and in
reply the Honourable Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works desires me to say that a definite
answer cannot be given until after the date for receiving proposals has expired (10th July next).
I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Messrs. Rand Bros., Vancouver, B. C.
Surveyor- General.
Owen Sound, June 29th, 1889.
Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B. C.
Hon. Sir,—I have to-day received from W. H. Ladner, M.P.P., notice that you have
advertised for proposals from practical artesian well drillers to drill one or more wells in British
Columbia for irrigating purposes.
I went to Victoria last June, 1888, for the purpose of trying to make a contract to do the
work then contemplated. Mr. McKay had made his report, and I was shown the tools that
they proposed to do the work with. I told them that the work could not be done with the
tools, and that the money would be wasted. I. am 44 years of age, and have followed deep
well drilling for oil, gas, salt, coal and water for twenty-five years in the United States and
Canada; have drilled 75,000 feet of holes, no wells less than 500 feet, and as deep as 2,700
feet. I drilled the first three salt wells in Canada (1,100 feet deep) twenty-two years ago, and
out of eighty wells have never failed to complete any undertaking and give satisfaction. I have
drilled several flowing artesian wells, four fine ones in Canada, flowing from 10,000 to 50,000
barrels of pure water per day. I am a practical steam engineer, driller and tool dresser, and
understand the erection and handling of all kinds of drilling tools, also machinery. (Am in
comfortable circumstances.) I am known to several gentlemen in British Columbia, among
them W. H. Ladner and brother, Laidl.aw & Ewing, Innes brothers. Several in Victoria will
remember my being there last year on the well business. It will be a difficult task to say just
what it is worth to sink a well in British Columbia until one has been put down, for the following reasons : Your country, where any soil or surface exists, is covered with glacier drift
to unknown depth, and the lower parts, near bed-rock, is usually covered with boulders, sand
and gravel. Those are the most difficult to force a hole through and get the drive pipe and
casing deep enough in the rock to shut them off. Then the bed-rock is for the most part hard
granite and trap rocks to drill, and special tools and machinery are necessary, and if any one
makes you an offer to drill 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 feet and find everything, knowing kinds of
surface and rock, they will ask more than the work will cost twice over. What I would suggest
is for the Government to purchase a complete modern outfit and engage a practical man to run
them. You would then get your work done for just what it would cost, and have your outfit
to go on with more work or to sell. And let me say here, that one or two wells would not be
a fair test of country. You could get a practical man to run and look after the work for $75
per month and expenses, also two others to assist for about $75 per month and expenses. This
would be about $450 per month. We generally manage a 1,000 ft. well here in about twenty
to sixty days ; it would take longer in British Columbia. I could find myself and two other
hands sufficient to run the tools ten hours a day for about $14 per day, and board and expenses.
I have been manager and driller for the Huron Salt Well Co. here for the past four years, and
enclose you recommendation from Isaac Carling, ex-M.P., brother of the Hon. John Carling,
through whom you could make enquiries as to my ability. W. H. Ladner, Ladner's Landing,
B. G, will be able to speak for me. As for getting bondsmen, I am not well enough acquainted
in British Columbia, and if I were would not ask for it, but would let you retain any share of
my wages you would think fair until such time as I satisfy you I am what I represent. You
will find enclosed copy of recommendation from my late employers, also copy of tender for a
set, complete, of drilling tools, engine, boiler and rig irons, everything needed for a 2,000 foot
well. The timber for rig can be got there. By getting a couple of framers we can build it in
a few days, and make it so that it can be taken down and set up in any place in a day or two. 53 Vic. Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 429
It would cost, all ready set up and ready to start in British Columbia, about $3,000, and will
take thirty days to get it on board of cars here—one car load. After you are through with
them I would be willing to buy them at a fair price.
The costs would be in the neighbourhood of the following :—
Drilling tools, rig irons, engine and boiler, say  $2,000 00
Casing, travelling expenses and freight, say  600 00
Putting machinery on ground and building rig  400 00
Fuel, about half cord per day.
Wages, per day, for three men  14 00
Board,        „                     „           3 00
If you conclude to engage me I would come out at once and enter into an agreement and
see where you propose to drill, give instructions to get timbers ready and return for tools. By
so doing, I could save the cost of trip. I would expect my return fare and expenses, $2 per
day, till tools were shipped.
If you have any information to give about the kinds of surface and rock to be drilled
through, or wish any from me, address
Your obedient servant,
(Signed)    Wm. Morrison,
Artesian Well Driller,
Owen Sound, Ont., Canada.
Exeter, May 16th, 1888.
To whom it may concern.
This is to certify that Mr. "Wm. Morrison has been in our employ, and we have always
found him to be honest, industrious, and in every way satisfactory. He is a thoroughly competent driller or manager of any oil, salt or gas works, and we have great pleasure in recommending him to any person or company who may require a reliable person to manage affairs.
Yours, etc.,
(Signed)    Geo. Samwell,
President Exeter Salt Works.
Exeter, May 12th, 1888.
To whom it may concern.
This is to certify that I have known the bearer, Mr. Wm. Morrison, for two or three
years. He has been Manager of our salt well since July, '85. When he came to us the
works were broken down and in a very bad condition—in fact, useless ^and to make matters
worse, we were badly in debt. We tried two or three other men, but they were of no use;
could do nothing. Mr. Morrison took works in hand, and to-day they are in first-class working
order and have been up to present time. Trade good, debts paid and money in the treasury.
Since '85 has been the dullest in salt history of Canada. Mr. Morrison is upright, straightforward, and a gentleman in every respect. To conclude, I would say that any work he undertakes will be carried out in first class order.
Yours respectfully,
(Signed)    ■   Isaac Cabling.
The following is a list of parts and prices of the best prospecting artesian tools, rig irons
manufactured in America, and the same as are shipped to Europe, Asia, Egypt and Australia,
and include everything except lumber, timber, nails, &c, &c, which can be got on the ground
cheaper than shipped. It will take thirty days after receiving order to make and put on board
of car (one car will carry all):—
1 3\ drill sinker, complete, 30 feet long  $60 00
I'M        „                „          30      „         45 00
1 1\        „            best straightened shafting  40 00
1 2\ duchman sinker for fishing     16 00
1 pair of \\ jars, pin and box, Lowmoore iron  28 00
2 set of \\ jars  49 00 430 Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 1890
1 set of 1 jars (fishing) $  14 00
1 10-inch mud bit, 30 lbs. steel  15 00
3 5-inch bits for rock, 35 lbs. steel in each       45 00
3 4f inch drill bits, 30 lbs in each , .*  41 00
1 8-inch rimmer, 40 lbs steel  18 00
1 7-inch      „        40     „  18 00
1 6-inch      „        35     „          14 00
1 4|-inch round rimmer for lumps  16 00
1 fork rimmer   20 00
2 Dutch subs, with drill pin and box  16 00
1 extra drill pin and box for break down  15 00
1 4-inch sand pump, 34 feet long  24 00
1 3|-inch      „                „                  21 00
1 slipperout with cast wheel  15 00
1 drill snivel with chain attached  15 00
2 heavy draw snivels for poles, steel washers  16 00
2 tool wrenches, extra heavy  9 00
1 catch and 1 knock wrench for poles  4 00
45 pair pole tool joints and centre straps, same as used in Huron salt wells,  5 poles,
$4 per pair    180 00
4 pair pole tool pins and boxes, no straps extra  6 00
1 Pennsylvania wing sub. for rimming and straightening hole above rimmer  75 00
1 lever and 2 chains attached  2 50
1 sand pump hanger and chain  2 50
1 clamp, chisel and punch for making poles  4 00
1 pair blacksmith's tongs       1 00
1 light spud  6 00
1 long spear  30 00
1 spring pole bolt and stirrup bolt plates  4 00
2 lj-inch clamp bolts turned in lathe  6 00
1 anvil and bellows , . 30 00
1 pole holder  2 00
1 weight and 2 clevises for rope  3 50
1 cast-iron spring pole jacket    6 00
1 1-inch leg valve socket for fishing  5 00
1 2-inch           „                „  12 00
1 horn socket with clevis  6 00
1 heavy chain for casing, 12 feet long, ring and hook  10 00
1 lij-inch and 1-| inch chain for tools  4 00
100 lbs, of ^ Lowmoore riveting iron  8 00
1 11-inch augur for surface  18 00
1 8-inch mud pump, steel shell  14 00
100 feet of 2J-inch boring stems, complete  38 00
1 stone hook, with drill pin  10 00
2,000 feet of 21-inch ash drill poles, 4c. per foot  80 00
Boxing and packing tools are extra  8 00
List op Main Shafting and Rig Iron.
1 3%|-inch shaft, with flanges and crank, rist pin, collar and bolt,  1 saddle for beam,
stirrup bolt and plate, 2 pair pitman, straps, gibs and keys, and all other bolts
for rig, 2 shives for derrick  65 00
1 driving wheel, 12-inch face  11 00
1 draw wheel,            „                11 00
1 spool complete, with shaft through it  15 00
Maple boxing for rig  3 50
36 feet 12-inch 5-ply rubber driving belt, @ $1.10  39 60
30 feet 12-inch leather belting, oak tan, @ 95c  . 28 50
Best lace leather, $1 per lb  5 00
2 1^-inch Manilla draw ropes  20 00 53 Vic. Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 431
2 1J shive blocks for pulling casing $  10 00
Price of engine and boiler on board cars, ready for the fire—no wheels, wheels extra.
It will burn wood or coal:—
1 15 horse engine, 9x12 bore    300 00
1 15 horse power boiler, smoke-stack and grates and all fittings to connect engine and
boiler    380 00
This engine and boiler will drill well 2,500 feet.
As you will likely bore where there is more or less drift deposit, it will be necessary to
have sufficient heavy drive pipe to work through it and reach solid bed-rock, as no flowing wells
of any account can be got on the surface. I would recommend from $300 to $500 worth. If
rock can be got on the immediate surface so much piping would not be necessary.
(Signed)       Wm. Morrison,
Artesian Well Driller,
Owen Sound, Ont., Canada.
Owen Sound, July 1st, 1889.
Hon. Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B. C.
Sir,—In my proposals for artesian works, mailed you June 29th, I overlooked the probability of there being not sufficient water (about one barrel per hour) to supply a 15 horse
boiler, in the immediate vicinity where you propose to bore. I may say here, that an artesian
hole cannot be drilled without water in small quantities.
Water might be teamed, horse or hand power employed, until a depth of 50, 150 or 300
feet was reached, when we would likely find sufficient water to supply boiler that we could
pump up into a tank or reservoir on ground ; one day's pumping would be enough for 15 or 20
days' work, and the well carried down until flowing water is reached or the drilling stopped.
Or everything could be ready and do the drilling during the wet season or while snow could be
had to melt down by exhaust steam. (I don't recommend hand power; it is next to useless,
and the results are generally unsatisfactory.) I have proposals out now for two local jobs here
of 1,000 feet, and will delay closing with them until you have sufficient time to let me know
your intentions.
In case you decide to engage me, it would be advisable that I see the territory you propose
to bore in, before ordering the tools and machinery, and thereby have everything the most
suitable for the success of the undertaking.
I would give your work the preference, for, if it is successful, more will follow.
Yours respectfully,
(Signed)        Wm. Morrison.
P. S.—Be kind enough to let me know results as soon as possible.
Vancouver, July 9th, 1889.
Sir,—We, the undersigned, hereby propose to drill, or sink, an artesian  test well on or
near G. B. Martin's  ranch,  South  Thompson, to  the depth  of five  hundred (500)  feet, and
furnish all necessary plant and machinery for the same, for the sum of three thousand dollars
Should we strike what you would consider a sufficient supply of water at a lesser depth
than five hundred feet, the contract price to remain the same, viz.: three thousand dollars.
If it should be found necessary to go deeper, we will drill an additional two hundred and
fifty (250) feet, or any part thereof, at the rate of six dollars ($6) per foot.
Should this proposal be acceptable we will require, when our machinery arrives at the
nearest railway shipping point, a sufficient advance payment to defray freight charges.
The hole will be not over six (6) inches in diameter, and not under five (5), unless we find
it necessary to put in a second string of casing (which is not likely), in which case it will be
four (4) inches in diameter below the second tubing.
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed)       McGillivrat & Whaley,
W. S. Gore, Esq., Vancouver, B. C.
Surveyor-General. 432 Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 1890
Vancouver, July 9th, 1889.
Sir,—We, the undersigned, hereby propose to drill or sink an artesian test well on or near
G. B. Martin's ranch, South Thompson, to the depth of five hundred (500) feet for the sum of
one thousand ($1,000) dollars, you to supply us, on the ground, with a twelve horse power (12)
boiler and engine, a Petrolea drilling rig complete, and all necessary tubing suitable for casing
deep wells ; also, fuel and water for steam purposes.
We will do all the framing and set up the machinery.
Should we strike what you would consider a sufficient supply of water at a lesser depth
than* five hundred (500) feet, the contract price to remain the same, viz.: one thousand dollars
If it should be found necessary to go deeper we will drill an additional two hundred and
fifty (250) feet, or any part thereof, at the rate of three dollars and fifty cents ($3.50) per foot.
Respectfully submitted.
(Signed)        McGillivray & Whaley,
Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria, B. C, July 10th, 1889.
Artesian Wells.
Sir,—I will sink you a well (4J) four and a half-inch hole any given depth for three
dollars per foot, the Government to furnish the necessary machinery. I will sink five hundred
feet every sixty days or no pay.    I will furnish all the labour and incidental expenses.
(Signed)        H. Ross & Co.,
Mt. Lehman, B. C.
I will supply wood and water for twenty-five cents additional to the above price.
To the Honourable the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Note.—This tender was accepted, and a contract entered into with Mr. Ross in accordance therewith.
Victoria, July 10th, 1889.
Sir,—We, the undersigned, will sink an artesian well (4J) four and a half-inch hole five
hundred feet for five dollars per foot; after five hundred feet we will charge fifty cents per
foot for each additional hundred feet for any given depth, not to exceed three thousand feet,
the Government to pay two dollars per foot for each hundred feet as the work progresses, and
to retain two dollars and fifty cents till the work is completed, and will give the Government
a guarantee of one thousand dollars to sink five hundred feet every sixty days.
(Signed)        Hugh Ross & Co.,
Mount Lehman, B. C, Fraser River.
To the Honourable the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Victoria, B. C, July 19th, 1889.
Gentlemen,—The Government is disposed to accept your tender for boring artesian wells,
and with that view desire me to request you to come to Victoria as soon as possible for the
purpose of arranging about the purchase of the necessary plant by the Government.
I ihave, &c.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
H. Ross & Co., Surveyor-General.
Mount Lehman, New Westminster District, B. C. 53 Vic. Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring.
Petrolea, Ont., July 23rd, 1889.
W. S. Gore, Esq., Victoria, B. C. :
Dear Sir,—In reply to your telegram, we submit you our prices for drill tools.
* * #      '" * * * *
We can supply the whole or part of the drill tools at prices given, and shall be pleased to
receive your order, which shall receive our earliest attention. Our drill tools have been
shipped to Germany, Austria, Australia, India, and other foreign countries, and have given
great satisfaction wherever they have been used.
Awaiting your reply, We are, &c,
(Signed)        McKee & Marwick.
Victoria, B. G, August 1st, 1889.
Gentlemen,—In reply to your letter of 23rd July, I have wired to-day as follows:—
"Please ship a complete drilling rig, including engine and boiler, as per your letter of 23rd
ultimo., addressed to the Government of British Columbia, Duck's Station, G P. R., near
Kamloops.    Letter by mail."
The above is, I think, sufficiently explicit, and from it you will perceive that the drilling
plant is for the Government.
Please make the best contract you can with the railway company regarding freight charges
and quickness of delivery. Advise me when the tools are shipped, and send me shipping
receipt and your account. I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Messrs. McKee & Marwick, Surveyor-General.
Petrolea, Ontario.
Victoria, August 2nd, 1889.
Gentlemen,—I am in receipt of a letter from Petrolea, giving a list of boring plant, with
prices, a copy of which I send you. In reply, I telegraphed McKee & Marwick to ship the
complete rig in accordance with their letter, including engine and boiler, to Duck's Station. If
you think anything of importance has been omitted, please let me know at once, so that I may
order it before the plant is shipped.
I will write you again as soon as 1 am informed that the tools are on the way.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Messrs. Hugh Ross & Co., Surveyor-General.
Mount Lehman, New Westminster District, B. C.
Mount Lehman, August 7th, 1889.
W. S. Gore, Esq. /
Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of the 2nd, I beg to call your attention to some important
plant—a pitman to connect counter-shaft with walking-beam; also two wheels for countershaft. They can be got much cheaper and quicker from Petrolea; also saddle and boxings for
walking-beam. Respecfully yours,
(Signed)        H. Ross & Co.
Victoria, B. G, August 10th, 1889.
Gentlemen,—I am advised   by the man who has  been engaged  by the  Government to
operate the drilling machinery that the following articles, which were not included in your list,
will also be required, viz.:—
A pitman to connect counter-shaft with walking-beam;
Saddle and boxings for walking-beam;
And two wheels for counter-shaft.
Please include these items in your shipment.
Ash poles cannot be obtained in this Province, and if your list does not include them, they
will also be required, say sufficient to sink 500 feet.
I have, &c,
Messrs. McKee & Marwick, (Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Petrolea, Ontario. Surveyor-General. 434 Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 1890
Petrolea, Ont., August 21st, 1889.
To Messrs. the Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. G.
Dear Sirs,—In answer to yours of the 10th inst., we will send you a complete set of tools
and all machinery required for a good drilling outfit, including ash poles, wheels for shaft, viz.,
driving wheel, draw wheel, and spool for top ; also, tightener, and pitman for connecting beam
and shaft, and beam irons, set of pipe dies for making steam and water connections, including
pipes.    Will all go forward in a few days.
Yours truly,
(Signed)       McKee & Marwick.
W. S. Gore, Esq., Surveyor-General, Petrolea, Ont., Sept. 7th, 1889.
Lands and Works Department, Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,— We enclose invoice, shipping bill, and a complete list of tools shipped, which
we trust will arrive in good order. We took the liberty of sending you pipe dies and vice for
cutting and threading all sizes of pipe, from 2-inch down to ^-inch, so as to enable you to
change connections at your convenience; also a few extra fittings. We made rate from here per
G. T. R @ $1.33 per 100 Bos. We can supply you with 4| casing, such as is used in wells
here, @ 45c. per foot, F. O. B. Petrolea.
Trusting to receive any future orders you may have, and that tools will give entire
We are, etc.,
(Signed)        McKee <fc Marwick.
Complete List op Tools Shipped.
1 engine and boiler, 1 crank shaft, 1 smoke-stack, 2 shafts, 1 fly-wheel, 1 iron pulley, 1
heater, 6 pieces sinker, 3 pieces sand pump, 5 boring stems, 3 bundles poles, 2 wooden wheels,
1 spool, 5 boxing in boiler, 3 bars iron in boiler, 1 ball for safety valve in boiler, 3 grate bars
in boiler, 2 shive pulleys in boiler, 1 wooden pulley in boiler, 11 pieces flanges for draw-wheel
in boiler, 1 bundle pipe (4 pieces), 1 bundle pipe (2 pieces), 1 bundle rivetting iron (14 pieces),
spring pole jacket, 5 boxes.
List op Tools in Boxes.
No. 1.—1 mud pump augur, 1 set 1-J jars, 1 cold chisel, 1 punch, 2 bolts, clevises, 1 small
joint for fishing tools, 2 hand wrenches, 1 pole clamp, 4 iron pins, 1 noddle pin, 3 cranks, 1
slipperout, 1 weight for draw rope,  2 stirrup bolts for walking beam, 1 plate for wrench block,
1 chain lever, 4 pieces chain,  2 small bolts,   1 beam (iron),  3 large bolts,  1 horn socket,  1 pair
pole joints.
No. 2.—1 mud pump, 1 piece sand pump, 2 pieces tightener irons, 1 drill chain and
swivel, 2 fishing tools, 1 stone hook, 1 pole clamp, 1 set jar, 7 pairs joints.
No. 8.—2 pairs pitman straps, with bolts, gibs, key and brass boxes; 4 drill bits, 4^ ; 1
mud bit, 10J; 2 rimmers, 5 and 7-inch; 3 pairs of pole joints,   1 spring pole clevis,   1 swivel,
2 hammers.
No. 4-—9 pairs of joints, 1 large wrench, 4 pieces tightener frame, 1 piece engine, 17 pairs
centre straps, 1 monkey wrench.
No. 5.—2 sets pipe die stocks, from 2-inch down to ^-inch; 1 bolt, 1 pipe vice, 1 Jenkin's
globe valve, 1 monkey wrench, 2 f check valves, 1 lubricator for engine, 4 drain bocks for
engine, 2 oilers for connecting rod, 2 keys for engine shaft, 1 cold chisel, 1 2-inch stop-cock, I
combination for blow-off and feed water, \\ iron and | brass cocks, 1 ball and lever for engine
governor, 2 pieces of pipe, pump connections to heater, 1 steam gauge, 4 bundles fittings, extra.
Victoria, B. C, September 9th, 1889.
Gentlemen,—I have the honour to inform you that I have been advised by Messrs.
McKee & Marwick, of Petrolea, that the boring plant was loaded on the car for shipment on
the 31st ultimo. 53 Vic. Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 435
The tools will be shipped to Duck's Station, on the Canadian Pacific Railway, East of
Kamloops, from which point you must make the best arrangement you can to have them forwarded to the site of the unfinished well which was sunk by Mr. McKay last year, near Mr.
Martin's ranch. I am directed to instruct you to commence operations where Mr. McKay left
You can proceed to the scene of your operations at once and prepare the timbers you
require for setting up the plant. I have, etc.,
(Signed)        WT. S. Gore,
Messrs. Hugh Ross & Co., Surveyor-General.
Mt. Lehman, B. C.
Victoria, B. G, September 16th, 1889.
Gentlemen,— I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 7th inst.,
enclosing invoice and shipping bill of complete list of tools for artesian well boring.
Enclosed 1 send you a voucher for the amount of your  account,   which  you  will  please
receipt and return to me.    I will then forward you a draft for the amount.
I have, etc.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Messrs. McKee & Marwick, Surveyor-General.
Petrolea,  Ontario.
Victoria, B. G, September 16th, 1889.
Sir,—Enclosed I send you a list of tools and invoice of same, which were shipped by
Messrs. McKee & Marwick on the 6th instant by G. T. R., car 19226, addressed to the
Government of British Columbia, Duck's Station.
A contract for freight was made with the Railway Company at $1.33 per 100 lbs. You
will please give the Railway Company a voucher for the amount of the freight at the above
Check the goods received with the list I enclose, and let me know if they were delivered
correctly and in good order. I have, etc.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Hugh Ross, Esq., Surveyor-General.
Artesian Well Contractor, Duck's P. 0., B. C.
Martin's Ranch, September 26th, 1889.
W. S. Gore, Esq. :
Dear Sir,—The well-boring plant arrived in good shape, with the exception of the flywheel. It is broken beyond repair. I gave a voucher for the amount due for freight—$266.
I unloaded it at Duck's Station. The delay in replacing the fly-wheel and getting timber
to set up a stationary engine. We cannot work in cold weather in an unclosed derrick
and engine-house, which will require 4,000 feet of lumber. Owing to the shortness of the
season, we will have to suspend operations till spring. We have to draw water over half a
mile up a grade of 112 feet, which is almost impossible in cold weather. Mr. Martin is in
Chilcoten. He will be absent for a month. His son is also absent. Mr. Batchelor, at Duck's
Station, is branding stock. I can't get a team here for love or money to haul the plant to the
I have, <fec,
(Signed)        Hugh Ross.
Victoria, B. G, October 3rd, 1889.
Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 26th ultimo advising
me of the arrival of the boring machinery at Duck's Station, and stating that owing to the
lateness of the season boring operations would have to be suspended until the spring. 436 Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 1890
If you are convinced that the season is too late to commence work, all that you can do
will be to see that the machinery is safely stored where it cannot be damaged during the winter.
If you will send me particulars regarding the broken fly-wheel, so that the manufacturers
will understand what is wanted, I will order another one from Petrolea.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Hugh Ross, Esq., . Surveijor-General.
Artesian Well Contractor, Duck's P. 0., B. C.
Victoria, B. G, November 4th, 1889.
Sir,—I am desired by the Honourable Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works to
request you to report what arrangements you have made for the safe storing of the boring
tools which you received at Duck's Station from the Railway Company. Also to inform me
whether you think it would be advisable to send the stationary engine and boiler back to
Petrolea and to get a portable engine in exchange for it.
About what time do you expect to commence work in the spring?
I have, etc,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Mr. Hugh Ross, Surveyor-General.
Mt. Lehman, B. C.
Victoria, B. G, January 8th, 1890.
Sir,—On 4th November last I wrote to you asking you to report what arrangements you
had made for the safe storage of the boring tools for the winter, and desiring to be informed
whether you considered it advisable to exchange the stationary engine and boiler for a portable
one. As 1 have not had a reply from you, I must suppose that you did not receive my letter.
As it is the desire of the Government to commence operations with the boring machinery
immediately the season opens in the spring, say about 1st April, it is necessary to decide at
once what had better be done about the engine and boiler. I must therefore request you to
give your opinion on the matter without any delay.
I have, etc.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Mr. Hugh Ross, Surveyor-General.
Mt. Lehman, B. C.
Revelstoke, January 28th, 1890.
Dear Sir,—In reply to your letter, I have stored in the freight house at Duck's Station
the wooden wheels and pulleys that would be injured by dampness. The rest of the machinery
is on the platform at said station. In regard to the engine, you are aware the Government
agreed to furnish a mounted engine. They have not fulfilled their agreement with me. There
is no use of me trying to work against impossibilities. I consider I am entitled to compensation for lost time and disappointment. If the Government desire, I will set up the machinery
and sink the well at Mr. Martin's ranch if they will replace the broken fly-wheel. I will
sharpen the bits, and take the same interest in the work as if I was doing it by contract, for
five dollars per day, but on no other considerations, as there will be too much lost time in
setting and resetting that stationary engine. The Waterous Engine Works, in Brantford,
makes a first-class mounted engine, sixteen horse-power, that will be delivered three weeks
after ordering it, at any point on the C. P. R. in British Columbia. They have an agent in
Vancouver named George Kane.
I have, <&c,
(Signed)        Hugh Ross.
Please address Revelstoke.
W. S. Gore, Esq, 53 Vic Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring. 437
Victoria, B.C., February 1st, 1890.
Sir,—In reply to your letter of 28th ultimo I have to remind you that the boring plant
which was purchased by the Government, including engine and boiler, was ordered from a list
that was approved of by you, and that you made no mention of a portable engine until after
the machinery had been shipped from Petrolea.
The plant was ordered by your advice, and so far from you having any ground for complaint, it is, on the other hand, the Government who have cause to complain of the loss, both
of time and money, through your failure to specify the kind of engine required at the time you
were consulted about the purchase of the requisite plant.
It is the intention of the Government to procure a portable engine at once, so that work
may be proceeded with as soon as the weather will permit.
You will be held strictly to your contract, and will be required to commence work when
directed to do so, as provided by the terms of your agreement.
Please acknowledge receipt of this letter, and inform me what your post office address will
be in future.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Hugh Ross, Esq., Surveyor-General.
Revelstoke, B.C.
Revelstoke, February 10th, 1890.
Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of the 1st instant, I have to remind you that Mr. Vernon
agreed, in your presence, to furnish a portable or mounted engine, and remarked that the
Government could utilize it for other purposes after testing the artesian wells. Therefore, I
did not consider it necessary to make mention of the engine in the list I approved of.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        Hugh Ross.
Please address Revelstoke, B.C.
W. S. Gore, Esq.
Victoria, B.C., January 28th, 1890.
Gentlemen,—Will you kindly inform me upon what terms the Government can obtain
from you a portable engine of suitable horse power to operate the boring rig you supplied last
Autumn. Considerable disappointment was felt when it was discovered that the engine and
boiler you sent was a stationary affair, difficult of transportation.    Will you make an exchange'!
As our boring operations may extend over a large extent of country, a portable engine
which can be hauled by two or more horses will probably be required.
I may say that, owing to the lateness of the season when the machinery was received,
nothing has yet been done, and the plant has been stored ever since its arrival. One of the
large fly-wheels of the engine was received from the railway company broken and useless.
I will be pleased to hear from you on the subject of the proposed exchange at your earliest
I have, <fec,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Messrs. McKee & Marwick, Surveyor-General.
Petrolea, Ontario.
Petrolea, Ont., Feb. 8th, 1890.
Messrs. the Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of the 20th ult., we beg to say that we can furnish you a
16-h. p. engine and boiler, portable on wheels, for the sum of nine hundred dollars ($900),
F. O. B., here. We might say the wheels are made of iron, cast hub and rim, with light double-
wrought spokes, and 31 wrought-iron tire.    We do not think to exchange would be profitable 438
Correspondence—Artesian Well Boring.
owing to the freight charge. You could easily dispose of engine and boiler there, as it is well
adapted for small saw-mill or any other work not requiring more than 18 or 20-h. p. We did not
understand your order to call for portable engine and boiler, as we, here engaged in drilling, have
discarded them long ago for the stationary. We cannot understand how fly-wheel got broke,
as we procured the services of experts to load and pack machinery on board. They must
certainly have received rough handling in transit.     Hoping to hear from you soon,
Yours truly,
(Signed)        McKee & Marwick.
P.S.—Two (2) good horses can handle this rig on fairly good ground.
Victoria, B. G, February 19th, 1890.
Gentlemen,—Your letter of Sth inst. was duly received. I have the honour to request
that you will kindly ship a 16-h. p. engine and boiler, portable on wheels, all complete,
addressed to the " Government of British Columbia, Duck's Station, B. G," at the earliest
possible date. Also send at the same time a fly-wheel to replace the broken one sent last fall.
I am advised that the size of this fly-wheel is as follows :—4 feet 6 inches diameter from
outside, ring for axle 3| inches in diameter.
Please make contract for freight and quick delivery. Kindly wire acknowledgement of
receipt of this order.
I have, <fec.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
McKee & Marwick, Surveyor-Ceneral.
Petrolea, Ont.
Victoria, B. G, February 19th, 1890.
Sir,—I beg to inform you that I have ordered a portable  16-h. p.  engine on wheels,
complete, to be shipped to Duck's as soon as possible.
I have, etc.,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Mr. Hugh Ross, Surveyor-General.
Revelstoke, B. C,
To W.S. Gore:
Order for portable received.
Petrolea, Ont., March 1st, 1890.
(Signed)        McKee & Marwick.
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.


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