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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE YEAR… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1888

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 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 123
REPORT
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS,
1887.
To the Honourable Hugh Nelson, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British
Columbia.
Mat it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of my Department, in
compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Acts.
F. G. VERNON,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, 31st December, 1887. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 125
REPORT.
Victoria City District.
Law Couets.
A. J. Smith, Contractor, $35,075.
To furnish all labour and material required for the erection and completion of a brick
building upon a stone foundation, in conformity with plans, specifications, and details.
The building occupies the site of the old Police Barracks and Gaol on Bastion Square,
covering a space 96 feet by 112 feet. Upon the basement floor there is provision made
for the office of the Registrar-Genetal of Titles, Births, Deaths, and Marriages, &c,
&c, with anteroom and private office attached, and a commodious fire-proof vault; also
offices for the Sheriff and Superintendent of Police, stair hall, furnace room, coal cellar,
store-rooms, <fec.
The main entrance on Langley Street leads to the first floor, on which are situated five
chambers for the Judges, offices of the Registrars of the Supreme and County Courts,
with lire-proof vaults, all opening off a large central hall. A private entrance and
stairway for the use of the Judges leads from Bastion Street to their chambers.
The first floor, entered from Bastion Square, contains a Chamber Court, the County
Court room, and Judges' office, porch, vestibule, witness room, &c. These Court rooms
are large, lofty, and well lighted.
From the central hall, on the first floor, a stairway ascends to the second floor, on which
are situated the Supreme Court room, 33 feet by 50 feet, with visitors' gallery; the
Court in Banc, 30 feet by 33 feet; Judges' robing room, Registrar's room and vault,
Crown Counsel's room, Law Library, Barristers' room, one Grand Jury and two Petit
Jury rooms, witness rooms, prisoners' room, corridors, lavatories, closets, &c.
The building will be heated throughout by steam radiators, supplemented by fire-places
in many of the rooms. Gas pipes and electric light wire are laid on. Electric bells
and enunciators are provided.
Central School, Repairs.
Arthur Fenny, Contractor, $890.
Relaid the floors of the old Central School building throughout with the best quality 1£
inches by 4 inches edge-grained, well seasoned tongued and grooved lumber.
Laid a solid concrete floor in the passage between the old building and the High School.
Put new treads on the stairs; repaired all the doors and windows; fitted up a new wash-
stand on the ground floor, and repaired the old one on first floor; replaced broken cloak
hooks; repaired the plastering; stopped cracks in the walls; whitewashed the walls
and ceilings throughout, and made other general repairs and improvements to the
buildings, out-offices, and fences.
Spring Ridge Ward School-House.
Herd & Dowsette, Contractors, $1,150.
Provided all plant, labour and material requisite; erected and completed a frame building
28 feet by 48 feet, in conformity with plans and specifications, enclosed with rustic
siding, lathed, plastered, and hard finished ; wainscoted all round over mortar coat;
double flooring, with deadening between; two cloak and hat rooms, fitted with hooks,
&c.j two separate entrances, map pulleys, blackboards of matched and glued cedar, all
round the school-room; patent transom lifters, &c, &c.; painted in two coat work
throughout; also fenced lots and erected outbuildings. 126 Public Works Report. 1887
Water Service, Government House.
Clark & Nicholson, Contractors, $318.
Provided and laid a 1-inch galvanized iron water pipe from Belcher Street to Government
House, and throughout the garden to the coach-house; made connections with the
cistern in the garden and the cank in the house; provided ball cocks, stops and wastes,
garden hose connections, &c, &c.
Government House has received necessary repairs; a new floor and ceiling have been put
in the drawing-room, and the rooms generally have been repapered and kalsomined.
The furniture has in some instances been newly upholstered and repaired; some new
furniture and fittings have been supplied.
The Government Buildings at James' Bay have been maintained in fair condition. The
reserve, as well as the grounds at Government House and the different city schools,
have been cared for.
Victoria District.
Tolmie School House.
Thomas Elliott, Contractor, $1,150.
Furnished all plant, labour and material; erected and completed a frame school building
22 feet by 40 feet, enclosed with rustic siding, lathed and plastered, floored with ships
lap having tongue and grooved lumber over it; wainscoted and furnished with matched
and glued cedar blackboard surface all round the room; painted two coats, and
furnished with seats and desks, cloak hooks, &c.; erected outbuildings and fenced in
the site.
Necessary repairs and improvements have been made to various school buildings in the
District.
Cordova Bay Road.
W. H. Snider, Contractor, $214.
Forest cleared 840 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grubbed 840    „      20
Graded 840    „      16
Ditched on upper side.
Rocks excavated and removed.
Put in two culverts 18 by 1 by 1£ feet.
Cedar Hill Road, Repairs.
N. Leclair, Contractor, $199.
. Gravelled 586 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Backed up 2 feet on each side of the gravel, cleaned out ditches, (fee.
Hillside Avenue, Repairs.
James Baker, Contractor, $119.
Re-formed the grade, filled in the holes with rock, and metalled 122 yards, 12 feet wide
and 6 inches deep, with broken trap rock, covered over with gravel 4 inches deep.
Road from Pollock's to Tyndall Avenue.
Charles Pollock, Contractor, $200.
Forest cleared 370 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded 370     „     18
Stoned and gravelled 66 yards, 10 feet wide.
Ditched to insure drainage. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 127
Burnside Road, Repairs.
N. Leclair, Contractor, $175.
Gravelled 558 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Backed up 2| feet on each side of the gravel, and cleaned out the ditches.
Carey's Road, Repairs.
James Baker, Contractor, $146.
Graded     327 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 327     „        9        „        6 inches deep.
Ditched   654     „       2        „        6
Boleskine Road.
C. E. Mallett, Contractor, $314.
Grubbed 174 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded   174     „      20
Ditched       2 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Hill cut down 2 feet deep, and bridge approach formed.
Constructed a bridge 100 feet long and 14 feet high, having three bents, each with 4 posts,
caps, and stringers, all of sawed squared timber, floored with 3-inch plank 16 feet long,
and provided with strong hand-railing.
West Saanich Road.
Frederick Heal, Contractor, $250.
Graded     503 yards, 18 feet wide, crowned 6 to 8 inches.
Ditched    503     „        2        „
Gravelled 400     „        8        „        6 inches deep.
Culvert 18 feet by 2 feet, by l\ feet.
Stumps and roots grubbed out.
East Saanich Road, near Young's Hill.
Isaac Heard, Contractor, $150.
Filled up hollow 54 yards long, cribbed up the outer side, and made roadway 20 feet wide;
put in a culvert 24 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 2 feet deep, covered with cedar 8 inches
thick.
Saanich-Burnside Cross Road.
W. H. Snider, Contractor, $250.
Built a new bridge at Lindsay's and made good approaches covered with gravel 9 feet
wide, 6 inches deep.
Graded      450 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 320     ,,        8        „        6 inches deep.
Ditched     900     „        2        „      15 „
Stumps and roots grubbed out; made a culvert 18 feet by 2 feet by 1| feet, covered with
cedar 4 inches thick.
Sidewalk on Saanich Road.
Thos. Elliott, Contractor, $218.80.
Provided all labour and material and laid a sidewalk 640 feet long by 6 feet wide, and 88
feet long by 2 feet wide, covered with 1^-inch plank, and provided  with a hand-railing
on each side.
Sidewalk to Ross Bay.
Edward Mastin, Contractor, $343.45.
Provided all labour and material, and laid a sidewalk 6 feet wide from the City boundary
to Ross Bay Cemetery; distance, 1,482 feet. 128 Public Works Report. 1887
Sidewalk on Pemberton and Belcher Streets.
Neil Jamieson, Contractor, $262.
Provided all labour and material and laid a 3-plank sidewalk from the City  boundary on
Pemberton street to Government House gate; distance, 1,800 feet.
Limekiln Road, South Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 2000 yards, 30 feet wide.
Graded 2000     „     14
Gravelled 100     ,,        8        „        7 inches deep
Removed rocks and boulders; built 3 culverts 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Segheh's Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 1300 yards, 24 feet wide.
Graded 1300     „     12
Cleaned out ditches.
Brown's Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Graded      300 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 300     „        8        „        6 inches deep.
Repaired culverts; re-formed the grade for a distance of 600 yards; cleaned out ditches.
Telegraph Bay Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 340 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 275    „      15       „
Graded 50    „      18
Gravelled 100    ,,        8       „        6 inches deep.
Cleared out ditches; made general repairs to balance of road.
Mount Newton Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 250 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches.
West Road, South Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 115 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches.
West Road—Henderson's to McTavish's.
Made general repairs, gravelled in places, and cleaned out ditches.
New West Road, Lake District.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Graded 250 yards, 18 feet wide.
Repaired grade 200 yards.
Repaired culverts and cleaned out ditches.
East Road, Lake District.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 200 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched    100     „       and re-formed grade. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 129
East Road, South Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Graded        100 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 1700     „      7 to 8 „        6 inches deep.
Road brushed out and railing put on side of filling.
McTavish's Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Forest cleared 550 yards, 30 feet wide.
Graded 350     „      14
Made 2 culverts 18 feet by 18 inches by 12 inches.
West Road, North Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 150 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts 20 feet long by 3 feet by 18 inches.
New West Road, Lake District.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 300 yards, 9 feet wide, 9 inches deep.
Gravelled 200     „      8 7
Wain's Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 500 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs to road.
East Road, North Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 130 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
East Road, South Saanich.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Removing old plank and rail of Sand Hill bridge, and replacing same with new.
First Street.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 190 yards, 15 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Gaol Approaches and Grounds.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 150 yards, 40 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Gorge Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 200 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Bridge 150 feet long, 15 feet wide, covered with 2-inch plank.
Saanich Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 6.inches deep.
Gravelled 250     „       9        „ 6 ISO Public Works Report. 1887
Glendenning's Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 300 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Removed rocks and filled holes.
Gordon Head Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 220 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Holes filled.
Cadboro Bay Road
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 1800 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Bridge covered with 2-inch plank.
1 culvert 40 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot—plank.
1 culvert 40 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot—plank
Mount Tolmie Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Re-formed grade.
Dean's Cross Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
1 culvert 16 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot—plank.
Cordova Bay Road (along the beach).
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Gravelled 70 yards, 7 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repaired culverts.
Tyndall Avenue.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Removed logs and graded roadway.
King's Cross-road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Made general repairs with gravel.
Finerty's Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Made general repairs to road with graveL
Saanich Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Repaired roadway with broken stones.
Topaze Avenue.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Blasting and preparing rocks for crusher.
East Saanich Road.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Re-forming grade by raking in gravel from both sides. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 131
Esquimalt District.
Happy Valley Road Repairs.
W. H. Snider, Contractor,
Formed and graded 540 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed out roots, stumps, and boulders.
Gravelled 513 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cut down a bank 30 yards long and re-formed the grade.
Ditched throughout from 6 inches to 12 inches deep.
Put in a culvert and filled up holes in roadway.
Mill Stream Road.
A. H. Peatt, Contractor, $379.
Forest cleared 1,240 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,240     „      12
Graded 1,240     „      12
Built a bridge over Millstream 80 fest long, 9 feet high.
Made a culvert and necessary ditches.
Sidewalk, Esquimalt Road.
Ed. Mastin, Contractor, at 14 cents per lineal foot.
Provided all labour and material, did all clearing and grading requisite, and laid 7,147 feet
of sidewalk, three planks wide; planks, 12 inches by 2 inches; sills, 4 inches by 4 inches
and 4 feet long, laid 6 feet apart.
Metchosin Road, near Vines' Farm.
A. D. White, Foreman.
Filling 65 yards, 16 feet wide, 6 feet deep.
Made 1 culvert 17 feet by 2 feet by 18 inches.
Made 2      „      18      „      2    „        18     „
Rocky Point Road.
A. D. White, Foreman.
Cut down hill 2 feet deep, 30 yards by 14 feet wide; filling, 1 foot deep, 26 yards by 14
feet wide.
Graded     238 yards 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 150    ,,      10      „ 5 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts 17 feet by 2 feet by 1^ feet.
Battersby's Road.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
Graded      280 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 200     ,,        9       „        5 inches deep.
80     „      10       „        5
Made 2 stone drains 12 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Happy Valley Road.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
Placed 57 waggon loads of rock under Moll's bridge to make foundation for new bent.
Metchosin Road—Craigflower to Parson's Bridge.
Graded 130 yards, 16 feet wide.
Repaired 1 culvert 22 feet by 1\ feet by 3 feet.
Repaired 2      „      22    „        2      „      18 inches. 132 Public Works Report. 1887
Metchosin Road—Craigflower to Parson's Bridge.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
Graded 130 yards, 16 feet wide.
Repaired 1 culvert 22 feet by 2| feet by   3 feet.
Repaired 2      „      22    ,,        2      „ 18 inches.
Cleaned out ditches on both sides of road at 4-mile hill; made general repairs.
Sooke Road, near Cogan's House, and from Cogan's to Jackson's.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
Filling holes in road with stone and gravel, cleaned out ditches, and removed rocks and roots
from off roadway.
Robert Street.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 100 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 166    „       18      „
Andrew Street.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 44 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 44    „       18
Mary Street.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 183 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 183    „       18       „
Water Street.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 75 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 75     „      18
Watson Street.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 55 yards, 18 feet wide.
Graded 53    „       18
Nicholson's Road.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 290 yards, 18 feet wide.
Willow Road.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 210 yards, 18 feet wide.
Esquimalt Road.
Thomas Anderson, Foreman.
Macadamized 80 yards, 21 feet wide.
Cleaned out mud holes and filled in with broken stone.
Cleaned out water courses and made general repairs. 51 Vic.
Public Works Report.
133
Beecher Bay-Sooke Road.
George Brown, Foreman.
Forest cleared 725 yards, 15   feet wide.
Graded 1,313    „      11|
Ditched 115    „      18 inches wide, 15 inches deep.
Ditched 30    „      18 „ 12
Made
culvert 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet, cedar logs with cedar covering.
14
14
14
16
15
14
14
31
5"
3
6
9
2
2
2
2
H
3
4
2
2
general repairs to balance of road.
Otter Point Road.
Edward Shields, Foreman.
Built 1 bridge 30 feet long, 13 feet wide, and 5 feet high.
Made 2 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by l1 feet.
„     1       ,, 14    „        6    „ 2     „
„    general repairs to road throughout.
Cowichan District.
New Road From Fisher's to Graff's at Cobble Hill
Rivers & Handy, Contractors, $370.
Forest cleared 3,730 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 3,730     „      10       „
Made all necessary ditches.
Made one bridge and three culverts.
Road from Copley & Dobson's to the Trunk Road.
John Greig, Contractor, $330.
Forest cleared 2,010 yards, 20 feet wide
Grubbed and graded 2,010     „       10
Made ditches where required.
Made four culverts and a small bridge.
Spread gravel on bare ledge.
Bench Road, Repairs.
Geo. Lewis, Contractor, $169.
Gravelled 680 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Approach to Quamichan Bridge.
George Jones, Contractor, $400.
Made an embankment approach at each end of the new bridge; roadway from 14 to 16 feet
wide; side slopes 1^ to 1; gravelled 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep. 134 Public Works Report. 1887
Silver Mine Road, Construction.
Joseph Dougan, Contractor, $1,275.
Forest cleared 10,100 yards, 15 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 10,100     „       10       „
Made four bridges and sixteen culverts.
Made necessary ditches and tail drains, and removed boulders and stone3.
Glenora Road, from Murphy's to White's.
W. C. Burns, Contractor, $375.
Forest cleared 3,982 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 3,982     „        8       ,,
Made two culverts and one bridge.
Made necessary ditches.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
Section 1—From the Post Office at Somenos to the Railway Crossing, Stratford's.
David Evans, Contractor, $467.
Repaired and re-covered bridges and culverts, straightened the road in places, and made
general repairs throughout, including gravelling at certain points.
Section 3—From Bonsafl's Creek to the Big Tree, Chemainus.
David Evans, Contractor, $138.
Gravelled 600 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Section 4—From Blacksmith' Shop to Railway Station, Chemainus.
N. W. Campbell, Contractor, $270.
Graded the road out to a width of 16 feet throughout; made new piece of road 150 yards
long, 16 feet wide.
Covered a bridge 75 feet long with new 3-inch plank.
Filled up and graded round the approach to all bridges and culverts,  and made general
repairs to road.
Bridge repairs.
Herd Bros., Contractors, $395.
Renewed the timbers and made general repairs to the bridges on the Trunk Road between
Williams' and Millet's.
Fencing School Grounds, Vesuvius Bay.
W. E. Harrison, Contractor, $102.50.
Provided all material and put up 480 feet of rough picket fence, including three gates, in
accordance with specification.
"A" Road Party.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
January to March—Making general repairs, and keeping road open.
April to June—Making general repairs, keeping road open, prospecting for line of road to
Upper Kokasailah, and locating same.
July—Prospecting for and laying out roads.
August—Mill Bay Road to Cobble Hill Station.
Graded 2,567 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled  80    „        9       „ 6 inches deep.
Rounded up grade, and made new ditches where necessary. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 135
Made a bridge 17 feet long, 14 feet wide, 6 feet high, having 4 cedar stringers, 14 inches
diameter, and covered with split cedar, filled in with gravel. Made approaches at
both ends of bridge, 54 feet in length, 12 feet in width, and 4 feet deep. Made 4
culverts 15 feet by 2 feet by 18 inches, having cedar sills and covering.
Gabourie's Bridge to S. Handy's.
Made a sleigh road 450 yards in length by 8 feet wide.
September—Clearing roadway of fallen timber, and making general repairs.
"0" Road Party.
A. Blyth, Foreman.
August—Made general repairs to Flats and Kokasailah Road.
Repaired bridge over slough, near Railway Station, on Blyth's Road.
Constructed new piece of road east from lower Kokasailah bridge.
Graded 418 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 1 foot by 1J feet; timbers, cedar logs and cedar covering.
JJ I JJ I"*      JJ *       JJ 1 JJ JJ JJ JJ
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Graded     100 yards of old road.
Gravelled 170    „      9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
September—Made general repairs to Flats and Kokasailah Road.
Gravelled 390 yards, 9 feet wide, and 6 inches deep, on east side of Kokasailah Bridge.
Cleared, grubbed, and graded 675 yards, 12 feet wide, on west side of Kokasailah Bridge
up to Railway Station.
Mearns Road.
October—Made general repairs and built 1 culvert 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot; repaired
culvert at foot of hill near Tarlton's; cut 25 yards of ditching and re-formed grade.
Repaired bridge on Vye's Road.
Repaired old bridge on old road near Cowichan River.
Marshall's Road.
Repaired bridge.
Ditched 44 yards and re-formed grade.
Made 1 culvert, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Glenora Road.
Removed logs, roots, and repaired grade for 2 miles.
Cleared out 70 yards of ditching and rounded up grade. ,£,
Made 50 yards of new ditching, and cleaned out and extended outlet for water.
November—Repaired a bridge near Kokasailah Station; removed logs, and filled holes on
Flats-Kokasailah Road, and gravelled 50 yards; made general repairs to Trunk Road
near Cowichan Flats.
"D" Road Party.
George Lewis, Foreman.
January—Cleared out ditches on Beach Road.
Filled up wash-outs on Tarlton's Road, near Kelvin Creek.
March— Cut out and removed fallen timber.
Repaired road to Kokasailah Station, and filled in two wash-outs.
Cleared slides off Beach Road.
April—Cut out and removed fallen timber, and kept roads open for traffic
July—Made 1 culvert on Flats Road, 20 feet by 10 feet by 4 feet.
Made 1       „ „ 20   „ 16   „ 5   „
Made general repairs and gravelled Beach Road. 136 Public Works Report. 1887
August—Beach Road, Corfield's to McPherson's.
Re-formed grade 280 yards.
Ditched"280"yards.
September—Upper Kokasailah, to Henessy's and Colvin Bros'. Road
Forest cleared 876 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 876    „       10
"G" Road Party.
John Bell, Foreman.
Cowichan Lake Road.
January—Cut out and removed fallen timber and repaired road, where washed away by
floods, throughout entire distance of 16 miles.
July—Made general repairs to Cowichan Lake Road.
August—Made general repairs to Cowichan Lake Road.
September—Made general repairs to 5-^miles of Cowichan Lake Road.
Made 1 bridge 25 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 4 feet high.
Made 1      „      20       „      '   14       „ 8      „ having 2 cedar stringers, split
cedar covering, ribbed and pinned.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet.
„    1      „       H  „ 1J „ 1 foot.
„    1     „       14  „ 5   „ 1    „
„    1      „       14  „ 2   „ 1    „
These culverts are made of cedar logs and covered with split cedar.
Prospecting for line of road to Robertson's settlement.
October—Prospecting for  line  of  road  to  connect  the  Cowichan Lake Road with  the
Robertson settlement, a distance of about 5-| mile3.
"H" Road Party.
T. P. Windsor, Foreman.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
September—Made general repairs.
Road between Allard's and Lloyd's.
Graded     200 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelled 480    „        8       „ 4 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 15 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet, having cedar log sides and split cedar covering.
Re-formed grade 700 yards, 14 feet wide, and ditched both sides of old road, between
Miller's Hill and Stratford's Crossing.
Made general repairs to Chemainus River Bridge.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
October—Made general repairs from Somenos to Chemainus.
New road south of Valpy's.
Graded     140 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelled   70 9       „ 6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts, 21 feet by 18 inches by 12 inches.
225 yards of road near Lloyd's widened to 11 feet, and repaired 2 miles of road with
gravel.
November—Graded 120 yards,  20 feet wide; forest cleared 120 yards, 20 feet wide, and
made general repairs; repaired 3 bridges.
"J" Road Party.
George Jones, Foreman. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 137
Victoria-Nanaimo Ttunk Road.
July—Removing gravel bank at Duncan's.
September—Made general repairs from Raymond's to Shawnigan Lake.
Ditched    350 yards, 3 feet wide, 1 foot deep, and 1 foot wide on bottom.
Gravelled 500     „     9 „        6 inches deep.
Repaired bridges with new covering, &c.
Made six culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
October—Made general repairs from Raymond's to Shawnigan Lake.
Made general repairs between Findlay's and Shawnigan Lake.
Cutting out brush, filling holes, clearing out  culverts  and water-courses for a distance
of about 3 miles.
"Bridge" Party.
James Boal, Foreman.
June, July, and October—Put in new piles, and made general repairs to Cowichan Wharf.
Repaired bridge on flats—Kokasailah Road, near Ryan's.
Salt Spring Island.
Joel Broadwell, Foreman.
April—Removed fallen timber from off the road, and re-formed grade where washed away
by heavy rains.
August—Road from Vesuvius Bay to central settlement school-house.
Graded  1,000 feet, 10 feet wide.
Gravelled 950 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts 15 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
North Settlement Road.
August—Graded 400 feet, 10 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,000 feet, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 14 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Made a trail at Walker's Hook 2,600 feet long, 9 feet wide.
Gravelled 300 yards of Stark's Road, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert 15 feet by 6 feet by 4 feet, on Freddison's Road.
From School-House to Stark's Road.
August—Graded 2,000 feet, 9 feet wide.
Gravelled 250 feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
From Lock-up to Ganges Harbour.
August—Graded 600 feet, 9 feet wide.
Made a trail to Beddis', 1J miles, 7 feet wide.
Beaver Point Road.
Theodore Trage, Foreman.
August—Graded 760 yards, 10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert 16 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet. 138 Public Works Report. 1887
Burgoyne Bay Roads.
Wm. M. Williams, Foreman.
Foord's Road.
July—Graded 520 yards, 15 feet wide.
Ditched 180 yards, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelled 230 yards, 11 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 8 culverts 18 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
August—Graded 2,200 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,200 yards, 11 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched 2,100 yards, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Made a bridge  30 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 6 feet high ; stringers 12 inches by 1(
inches, and 6-inch cedar covering.
Made a culvert 18 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet.
Nanaimo District.
Repairs to Government Buildings, Nanaimo.
George H. Frost, Contractor, $72.
Furnished plant, labour and materials; erected and completed a new veranda to old Court
House, and finished same with two coats of paint.
Repairs to Gaol, Nanaimo.
Morrison & Grant, Contractors, $87.
Furnished plant, labour and material; erected and completed a lean-to to back of gaol; put
stairs in same, leading to upper corridor, and put in door, with bar fastenings, in upper
corridor.
J. H. Pleace put in service gas pipe and meter to supply gas to gaol and offices,  $21.61.
Walter Wilson put gas pipe in gaol and police offices, and  furnished  five  club-foot  burners
forgaoL and two swing bracket burners and one two-light chandelier for offices, $61.83.
Public School, Nanaimo (Addition and Furniture).
Charles Wilson, Contractor, $1,438.50.
Furnished plant, labour and materials ; erected and completed a two-storey frame addition
to Girls' School 36x24 feet, containing two class-rooms, one in each storey.
The building is enclosed with rustic; lathed and plastered two-coat work ; wainscoted
throughout; and old building and addition painted throughout two coats, and class-rooms
in old building kalsomined.
The class-rooms in the addition are furnished with blackboard surface all around ; separate
entries for each school-room are furnished with hat and cloak hooks ; the floors are double,
and sound deadened.
Boys' School, Nanaimo.
J. W. Stirtan, Contractor, $57.
For taking down and closing up the blackboarding in the four class-rooms, and painting same
with liquid slate paint. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 139
East Wellington School.
George H. Frost, Contractor, $650.
Furnished plant, labour and materials; erected and completed a frame building 24x36 feet,
in conformity with the general plan and specifications for country school-houses, having a
class-room 23x30 feet, with an entry and cloak-room 5x23 feet.
The building is enclosed with rustic; is lathed and plastered, wainscoted and painted
throughout.
The class-room is furnished with desks and seats for thirty scholars, and blackboards. Suitable
outbuildings have been provided.
New Court House, Nanaimo.
Harrison & Grant, Contractors, $3,995; and additional contract for putting in gallery, $260,
making a total of $4,255.
Furnished all plant, labour and material; erected and completed a frame building 31x58
feet, surrounded on two sides and rear by wings ; side wings are 16x58 feet each, and the
rear wing is 16x31 feet.
The whole building is enclosed with rustic, and painted two-coat work.
The main building has a vestibule 8x30 feet in front, and stairway leading from it up to
gallery which is 20x30 feet over vestibule, and projecting 12 feet over Court Room. The
gallery floor is stepped up from front to rear.
The Court Room is 30x50 feet inside, and 24 feet to ceiling; is lathed and plastered two-
coat work ; wainscoted five feet high.    All the woodwork is grained light oak.
The wings are divided into three rooms for the use of the Judges ; two Jury rooms ; Registrar's office, with closet fitted with shelving for books and papers; a Sheriff's room, with
cell or strong room opening into it, and a Barrister's robing room, making a total of eight
rooms in the wings. These rooms are lathed and plastered two-coat work; are all finished
with base-board and moulding, and painted two coats.
The ceilings of wings are 12 feet from floor, and all the floors are double.
The whole building stands on a rubble stone foundation, three feet above the surface of the
ground.
There are six flue chimneys built up from foundation walls, provided with thimbles for
stovepipes.
Sand Hills, Nanoose Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Clearing out 200 yards of land slide 15 feet wide, and making same safe for traffic.
N. W. Bay Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 250 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 250     „      12
Gravelled 80     „       9        „        and 12 inches deep.
Two culverts, 14 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Englishman's River Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Graded     300 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelled 200     „       9        „        and 9 inches deep.
Four culverts, 14 feet long each, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep, and cutting down hills
and other repairs, along the line of road.
Walls' Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Graded 2,000 yards, 10 feet wide, and sundry repairs along line of same. 140 Public Works Report. 1887
South Field and Richardson's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,300 yards, 15 feet wide.
Graded 2,300     „     10
Put new covering of 50 feet on old bridge.
One culvert, 15 feet long, 18 inches wide, and 18 inches deep.
Gordon's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Gravelled 150 yards, 9 feet wide, 9 inches deep, and cutting down hill to make grade lighter.
Nanaimo River Bridge.
S. Price, Foreman.
Tightening up suspension rods and bolts, and giving the cords a coat of asphaltum.
Fiddick's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Gravelled 150 yards, 9 feet wide, 9 inches deep, and repairing old bridge.
Wellington Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Graded     2,800 yards, 28 feet wide.
Gravelled 2,800     „     26        „        and 9 inches deep.
Six culverts, 28 feet long each, 14 inches wide, and 14 inches deep.
53 crossings put in across ditches in front of houses in Town of Wellington, 12 feet long
and 5 feet wide each, of. 3-inch plank, laid on three 4 by 6-inch stringers. Dunsmuir &
Sons furnished the necessary lumber, and the road party put them in.
Englishman's River and French Creek Road.
J. Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared 4 miles, 20 feet wide.
Graded 4    „       12
Five bridges, 25 feet long each, 12 feet wide, and 4 feet high, built  with three  stringers,
laid on mud sills, and covered with split cedar and ribbon poles on sides.
Two culverts, 14 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 14 inches deep.
Lees & Bott's, Lowry's, Hamilton and Clarkson's Roads.
J. Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3| miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded 3J     „      10 „ 6 inches deep.
McMillan's & Swain's Roads.
J. Love, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2 miles, 12 feet wide.
South Wellington Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,200 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded 1,250     „      18
Gravelled 300     „      12        „ 6 inches deep.
4 culverts, 18 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Pearson's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 600 yards, 15 feet wide.
Graded 600     „     10 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 141
Nanoose Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 3,900 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 4,000    „      15
3 culverts, 15 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Cutting down hills on road, and other repairs to bridges and culverts along line of old road.
McNeil's and Robson's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,760 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,760     „      10
1 culvert, 15 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Gabriola Island (South End).
R. Chappie, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1 mile long, 10 feet wide, to Silva's.
235   yards,  12        „ ) ,   „
Graded 235 / „       12        „ ft°Degnens.
„ 1 mile long, 10 „ to Peterson's.
„ 200  yards,  10        „        to Gray' and Martin's.
3 culverts, 12 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep, and general repairs along line
of roads on South End of Island.
New braces and iron work pnt in Gabriola Wharf, and slides removed from road leading
down to wharf, and blasting out a turnout at end of wharf.
Gabriola Island (North End).
J. W. Pimberthy, Foreman.
1 bridge (built on road leading to Hoggan's & Foster's), 82 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 13
feet high, built with 3 stringers on 3 bents and 2 mud sills, and covered with split cedar
and ribbon poles on each side.
General repairs done on the different roads where required on this end of the island.
Alberni and Nanaimo Road.
J. Love, Foreman.
Ditching and repairing along the line of road, from Englishman's River to Cameron Lake,
and cutting out windfalls and burned timber. The windfalls have been cut out several
times this year.
1 bridge, 12 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 3 feet high, built with 3 stringers on mud sills, and
covered with split cedar.
Cutting down Englishman's River hills, and making new road to make the grade lighter, as
the old grade was much too steep for loaded teams.
Englishman's River Bridge, to replace the one burned down this year.
D. A. McMillan, Foreman.
Trussed bridge, 64 feet span and 30 feet approaches on each end of same ; bridge is 14 feet
wide and 35 feet high, built on a crib 12 feet high at one end and a 4-foot bent at the
other; three 12 by 12-inch stringers, with a pair of 12 by 12-inch straining beams on
each side, with an iron susponsion rod through each pair of straining beams down through
needle beam to support the span in centre. This bridge is covered with split cedar,
ribbon pole, and hand-railing.
One bridge across ravine, and close to the south end of Englishman's River bridge.
Bridge 72 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 18 feet high, built on two bents in centre, and mud
sills at each end ; three stringers, 12-inch by 12-inch, covered with split cedar and ribbon
poles, and hand-railing put on. East Wellington Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,400 yards, 25 feet wide.
Graded 1,400 yards, 18
Gravelled 1,400      „     18        ,,        and 8 inches deep.
1 bridge 11 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 2 feet high, built with 4 stringers laid on mud sills,
and covered with 3-inch plank.
13 culverts, 18 feet long, 15 inches wide by 15 inches deep.
Westwood's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
General repairs along line of road, and gravelled 50 yards, 12 feet wide by 6 inches deep.
Put new plank covering on bridge across Mill Stream, planking 90 feet long, 14 feet wide,
roadway and hand-rail on each side.
Bigg's Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1^ miles, 15 feet wide.
Graded l|     „       9
Victoria and Nanaimo Trunk Road.
S. Price, Foreman.
Raised old bridge at Southfield Crossing three feet higher, to ease the grade from hills ; put
on three new stringers, and re-planked the bridge. The bridge is now 143 feet long and
16 feet wide. The bridge is finished with 4 by 4-inch scantling, ribbon and hand-rails on
each side, cribbed up 36 feet at south end of bridge 7 feet high, and filled same in with
dirt 7 feet deep and 16 feet wide; the earth was cut out from crown of hill to make
grade lighter.
Blasting off hill at Nanaimo River, average 3 feet deep, through cut 20 feet wide and 100
feet long, and carted same to foot of hill to make grade lighter; made general repairs
along line of Victoria Road to bridges, culverts, and ditches, &c, <&c.; and also made
general repairs to bridges, culverts, and ditches along the line of Harewood Road ; and
cut out windfalls and burned timber from all the roads and trails in the District of
Nanaimo.
Nanaimo Lake Trail.
J. A. Kearney, Contractor, $30.
Cutting out windfalls and burnt timber from trail, between Harewood and Nanaimo Lake.
Alberni District.
Sproat Lake Extension.
Valentine Ingram, Foreman.
June—Forest cleared If miles, 16 feet wide.
Graded If miles, 10 feet wide.
Made a bridge on D. Stewart's road, 220 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high.
July—Forest cleared 2 miles, 16 feet wide.
Graded 2 miles, 8 feet wide. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 143
Made 1 culvert 12 feet by 8 feet by 2 feet.
jj      *       jj LZ       ,,        4        ,,        1     ,,
„    1      „      12      „      6      „      1    „
jj     1       jj       12      „       2       ,,       1    ,,
„     ditches on each side of culverts to carry off the water.
Cribbed 35 feet, 5 feet high.
Old Mill Road to Sproat Lake.
James Hills, Foreman.
June—Forest cleared f of a mile, 15 feet wide.
Graded \ mile, 12 feet wide.
Made a bridge 30 feet long, 14 feet wide, 5 feet high, having 3 stringers, covered with
4-inch split cedar.
July—Forest cleared 1 mile, 15 feet wide.
Re-formed the grade 12 feet wide.
Replaced corduroys and made general repairs.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet by 10 feet by 2 feet.
1 14 4 11
JJ        x JJ iT jj ^ jj x2    'J
jj     f       jj       -14       ,, 7       ,,       ij ,,
Ditches made on each side of culverts to carry off the water.
Beaver Creek Road (Extension).
Chas. Hall, Foreman.
June and July—Made a sleigh road 3\ miles long,  14 feet wide,  and  roughly graded  6
feet wide.
Made a bridge over Deer Creek 40 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 6 feet high, having 4
16-inch stringers, 2 mud sills, 2J feet thick, and covered with  8-inch round poles;
approaches at each end 10 feet long.
Sleigh Road from Clemen's to Orr's (7 Miles).
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
June—Made a sleigh road 2\ miles long, 12 feet wide.
Forest cleared 21 miles, 14 feet wide, and graded 8 feet wide.
Made a bridge 30 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 6 feet high, having 3 stringers, supported
on bents and covered with fir poles.
Made 1 bridge 28 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 5 feet high, having 3  stringers, covered
with poles.
July—Made a good sleigh road 4-| miles long, 12 feet wide.
Forest cleared 4| miles, 14 feet wide, and graded it 8 feet wide.
Made 225 yards of corduroy, 12 feet wide.
Made 1 bridge 30 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 5 feet high.
Made 1 bridge 20 feet long,  12 feet wide, and  4  feet high.     Both  bridges have  3
stringers, and are covered with fir poles.
Made 1 culvert 12 feet by 10 feet by 2 feet.
Nanaimo-Alberni Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
July—Replacing cribbing, removing slides and boulders on 4-mile section around Cameron
Lake.
8th mile from Alberni.
Ditched and graded 54 yards.
Made 30 yards of stone cribbing.
Made 2 culverts 14 feet by 5 feet by 18 inches. 6th mile from Alberni.
Repairing part of road destroyed by fire.
Made 20 yards of corduroy, 14 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet by 5 feet by 18 inches.
5 th mile from Alberni.
Ditched and graded 20 yards.
Made 2 culverts 14 feet by 5 feet by 18 inches.
Srd mile from Alberni.
August—Ditched and graded 40 yards.
2nd mile from Alberni.
Ditched and graded 300 yards.
Made 300 yards of corduroy, 14 feet wide.
Made 4 culverts 14 feet by 5 feet by 18 inches.
1st mile from Alberni.
Ditched and graded 80 yards.
Made 3 culverts 14 feet by 5 feet by 18 inches.
River Frontage Road.
M. M. Sareault, Foreman.
October—Forest cleared 440 yards 30 feet wide.
Graded 375 yards, 20 feet wide.
Made 111 feet of corduroy 14 feet wide.
Made a bridge 96 feet long, 14 feet wide, and about 3 feet high,  having  3 stringers,
covered with split cedar.
A good approach, 24 feet in length, has been made to the north  end of Kitsuksus
River Bridge.
KlTSUCKSIS   AND   ROGER   CREEK   BRIDGES.
Robt. Pinkerton, Contractor $500.
Built a substantial bridge over each creek, in accordance with plans and specifications.
Comox District.
Wharf to Long Bridge.
Thomas Beckensell, Foreman.
August—Taking out rocks.
Building 1 culvert 20 feet long, 15 inches wide.
Building bridge 22 feet long, 15 feet wide; 4 stringers, 14 inches by 10 inches; covering of 3-inch plank, with hand-rail; filled approach at each end 20 feet, total length,
with logs and rocks, and covered with gravel.
1 culvert repaired.
Hauling plank and repairing bridges and culverts; ditches scouring out.
Section G—Point Holmes Road.
John Holmes, Foreman.
August—Scouring out ditches about 340 yards on each side of road.
Gravelled about 400 yards, part 6 inches deep.
All rock taken out, and 1 culvert repaired. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 145
Section B—Mission to Gordon's.
M. H. Piercy, Contractor.     Contract No. 1, $55.
September—89 yards of road forming, rounded up and gravelled
120 yards of road forming.
1 culvert repaired.
170 yards of ditches scouring out.
126 chains of road rocks taken out.
M. H. Piercy, Contractor.    Contract No. 2, $95.
If miles all loose rocks raked off and ruts filled in.
166 yards gravelled, 6 inches deep.
160 yards rounding up.
70 cubic yards of gravel hauling.
Section C—Gordon's to Beach's.
M. H. Piercy, Contractor.    Contract No. 1, $185.
September—4 new culverts.
Building 1 bridge 20 feet.
58 yards of ditch scouring out.
616 yards of new ditching and outfalls.
160 yards new road cut straight, 21 feet wide.
Trees grubbed out.
Gravel spreading and backing up.
M. H. Piercy, Contractor.    Contract No. 2, $130.
September—200 cubic yards of gravel, hauling (to be screened through  a  2-inch  screen),
6 inches deep.
7 chains extra road making, and gravelling 6 inches deep, $35.
Sundry repairs and cost of tools, $47.49.
Lake Road.
September—Ditching 17 yards.
42 feet of corduroy.
20 yards gravelled.
3 large culverts.
About 1 mile forest cleared 16 feet, and knolls levelled, and levelling along existing
road, 1 mile.
Section I—Road from Mill towards Trent River.
January—Peter Lendberg—Cutting out fallen timber and clearing out original  Nanaimo
trail 12 feet wide, 30 chains in length. $25.
August—E. Clarke—Cutting out fallen timber and  clearing out 50 chains of original
trail, and partially graded, $30.
General repairs.
John Piercy, $80.
A new bridge has been built on this road 33 feet long, 12 feet wide, and bridge 30 feet
re-covered, and 63 feet of approach raised 2 feet high with clam shell, and 3 culverts
built.
Harrigan's Road.
Harrigan, Contractor, $37.
February—Bridge 37 feet in length.
Wm. Harrigan, Contractor, $25.
August—Grading approaches to bridge and cutting down side-hill. 146 Public Works Report. 1887
John Fraser, Contractor, $75.
August—Forest cleared 539 yards, I 8 feet wide, and road graded.
192 yards forest cleared, 21 feet wide; road formed, brushed and   ditched   both  sides,
15 feet clear.
81 yards of corduroy.
3 culverts built.
Section E—Road to Parkins'.
Rees & Milligan, Contractors, $7.50.
September—Hauling gravel to approaches to Tso-lum River Bridge, and McKelvey's
Bridge.
January—Milligan—Hauling gravel \ day to Tso-lum Bridge.
Cross-Road—Machin's to Bridge's Prairie.
David McMillan, Contractor, $63.
September—New bridge built 25 feet in length,  12 feet wide, and  30  feet of  corduroy
approach, and covered with earth ; knoll levelled at approach, and  earth  hauled  to
approach.
1 small bridge built, 6 feet long, 12 feet wide.
John Hetherington, Contractor, $75.
September—New bridge built, 12 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 101 feet of corduroy
approaches, covered with rock 10 inches deep, and soil from ditches; outlet cut from
bridge, and 1 chain of road rounded up to l| feet crown on north side.
Point Holmes Road, via Hardy's.
September—Timber hauled for small bridge (not completed.)
Bowler's Road.
September—S. Bowler—Cutting 1 mile of road east from lake trail; forest cleared 18
feet wide, and knolls levelled.
Miller's Road.
J. J. R. Miller, Contractor, $25.
August—Building 1 bridge 18 feet long, and 3 culverts, and cutting out fallen timber.
Back Road.
Thomas Beckensell, Foreman.
August—Taking out all rocks, 3 miles.
160 yards ditching.
September—Building 3 culverts.
Side-hill grading and taking out roots, 600 yards.
80 yards road rounding up.
Section D—Mission to Hetherington's.
A. Milligan, Contractor, $8.
Repairing bridge, 3 new stringers, and covering 12 feet.
Richard Creech—Hauling lumber and part re-covering bridge.
James Rees, Contractor, $44, for completion of C. B.   Rabson's contract of last year—
ditching and rounding up, trees grubbing, &c.
C. B. Rabson, Contractor in 1886, $26.80, being balance accruing after entire completion
of contract.
Rees <fc Milligan, Contractors, $45.
Ditches scouring and gravelling. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 147
Courtenay River Bridge.
January—Clearing off snow, replacing defective planks, lumber and hauling
J. A. Coutes, Contractor, $27.50.
September—Putting in a false stringer and supports to prevent bridge further settling on
east side.
Iron rods, washers, bolts, ifcc, $34.
Creech's Road.
August—Road levelling up in low places, and corduroyed where necessary, and fallen
timber cut out.
Comox Wharf.
Thomas Beckensell, Foreman.
Repairing wharf—Driving 63 new piles ; new stringers and caps of hewed timber where
most required ; re-covered with 3-inch plank ; new bracing to piles,   and  new  slip,
and hand-railing repaired.
Smith's Road
Thomas Beckensell, Foreman.
November—50 chains of this road has been cut out straight, along Wm. Beach's west
boundary, 18 feet wide, roots grubbed, &c.
(This road has been left unfinished; 1 bridge 30 feet, 1 bridge 6 feet,  3 culverts, and
considerable length of ditching, brushing, and rounding up requires to be done before
it is of any use.)
Hornby Island.
John Ford, Contractor, $130.
September—Cutting 60 chains, part through heavy timber, 12 feet wide, and grading 8
feet wide.
Building 1 bridge 58 feet in length, 12 feet wide, covered with  4-inch  split cedar, and
hand-rail.
Denman Island.
George McFarlan, Contractor, $110.
September—Road from James McFarlan's south boundary to James McFarlan's north
boundary, a distance of 90 chains. To cut all brush and logs along existing road to
a clear width of 12 feet; to remove all rocks and roots and grade 9 feet wide, and
put in culverts where required.
Main Cross-Road.
Robert Swan, Contractor, $28.
October—To filling up a low place near Swan's house, 12 yards, with rock and gravel;
60 yards of ditch cutting; road rounding up, and gravelled 8 feet wide and 4 inches
deep.
George McFarlan, Contractor, $55.
October—Road rounded up and ditch on both sides straightened ; trees grubbed out; 1
long culvert built across Henderson's road to take water into creek, 194 yards; 22
yards at approaches to first bridge raised, and 15 yards of ditch cut; outfall from
bridge cleared of all obstructions.
Road from Cross-Road to Yates'.
Robert Yates, Contractor, $30.
October—Road forest-cleared 14 feet wide, 40 chains in length, ditched on one side, and
culverts necessary to carry away all water. 148 Public Works Report. 1887
Colonization Road.
Thomas Beckensell, Foreman.
September and October—Cutting out fallen timber along existing line of road for 7^
miles; chopping away all roots and removing all rocks showing above surface of
road, and grading thoroughly for waggon traffic ; rounded up soft places and corduroyed 370 feet along the road, where most required.
New Westminster District.
False Creek Road—New Westminster to Vancouver.
Wm. Mackie, Foreman.
Sundry repairs, grading, gravelling, corduroying, ditching, and repairs to bridges.  $ 826 25
General repairs, Boyd & Clandinning, Contractors     4,600 00
E. McHendry, Superintendent.
Grading, 584 chains.
Gravelling 474     „
Deepening ditches, 583     „
Corduroy, 26     „
Total $5,618 25
Cutting out brush, repairs to bridges, culverts, &c; new culverts and tail drains, including
the construction of 47 chains of new road from False Creek Bridge, south; forest cleared
30 feet wide; graded 20 feet wide; 600 feet filled in and raised 2 feet; 2 chains corduroy;
road ditched on both sides throughout.
Distance, about 9 miles.
Hastings and Vancouver Road.
Sundry repairs      $    7  50
Repairs from eastern boundary of Vancouver to the Brighton Hotel, E. Vachon,
Contractor        590 00
Moving, re-planking, and other repairs to bridge, near hotel; 8 chains of road
widened out from 10 feet to 18 feet and covered with gravel; 50 chains
ditched on upper side, and road rounded up in centre; gravelling Hastings and
Vancouver Road, George Black        250 00
Total      $847 50
Repairs to Bridge across Slough on Line of Road from Johnson's Landing to Burton's
Prairie.
Ralph Burton, Contractor (for labour only), $150.
Driving 12 guard piles and putting on diagonal braces.
Agassiz and Harrison Lake Hot Springs Road.
Ralph Burton, Foreman.
Cost, $3,050.
4\ miles forest cleared, 36 feet wide; roots removed 14 feet wide; 1 mile brushed, 36 feet
wide; roots removed, 14 feet wide.
263 chains ditched, 3 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot.
5\ miles graded from 14 to 16 feet.
40 chains raised on average of 2 feet above the natural level.
20 chains corduroy. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 149
1 bridge built on piles, 6 bents, 85 feet long.
1    „ 40       „
1    „ 75  -   „
12 small bridges and culverts.
Distance, 5 J miles.
Bridge over Nicomekl, on Yale Trunk Road, Langley Prairie.
Robert Shortreed, Contractor, $933.
All hewn cedar timber, 4 uprights and stringers to each bent; covering of split cedar.
Length, 336 feet, 12 feet wide, and 12 feet high.
Bridge on Yale Trunk Road, near end of Mount Lehman Road.
Robert Coghlan, Foreman.
Appropriation, $700.
3 uprights and stringers to each bent, hewn cedar timber; covering of split cedar; length,
320 feet, 50 feet high.
Under construction.
North Arm Trunk Road, from its intersection with Vancouver Road, to H. Mole's.
William Mackie, Foreman
Cost, $714.75.
General repairs.
Cutting and removing timber and brush, grading, gravelling, ditching,   corduroying,  and
repairs to bridges and culverts, &c.
Distance about 8 miles.
Re-building Bridges Destroyed by Fire on North Arm Trunk Road.
William Mackie, Foreman.
Cost, $396.
1 bridge, 88 feet long, 15 feet high, 12 feet wide, hewn timber, covered with split cedar.
1      jj      70       jj i       jj 12       ,j u jj
Road from North Arm School-House to River.
William Mackie, Foreman.
Cost, $296.
13 chains forest cleared 30 feet wide; roots and timber removed 20 feet wide; 13 chains
ditch 6 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet; road 14 feet wide, 18 inches high, built with material
taken from ditch, covered with split cedar 12 feet long, 3 inches thick; 14 chains of old
road repaired and widened, and covered with gravel 6 inches deep and 8 feet wide.
Wharf at end of above Road.
George Gilley, Contractor, $204.
37 feet long and 26 feet wide, with slip, built on 3 rows of piles, covered with 2-inch sawn
fir plank.
Newton and Burton Road, Johnson's Landing.
George Newton, Foreman.
Cost, $250.
Forest clearing, and brushing out 18 feet wide, removing logs, 14 feet, grading down knolls,
&c, and constructing bridge, 45 feet.
Distance, 1| miles.
Wren Road, Mission—Repairs and Extension.
John R. Wren, Foreman.
Cost, $200.
Forest clearing, brushing out, grading and corduroying; 2 bridges 70 feet each; 4 small
bridges and culverts.
Distance, about 2^- miles. Trail to Northward of Wren Road.
John R. Wren, Foreman.
Cost, $100.
Forest.clearing, brushing out,  10 feet wide; removing logs, corduroying, &c.
Distance, about 1\ miles.
Construction of Waggon   Road, from  Elgin  to Semiahmoo Bay, along the line of Semi-
ahmoo Trail.
Wm. Murray, Foreman.
Cost, $960.
Forest clearing, brushing out  18 feet wide, grading and corduroying 14 feet wide; bridge
built on piles across Campbell River, 96 feet.
Distance, about 4| miles.
Repairs to Bridge, near Popcum, Yale Trunk Road.
Knight Bros.
Cost, $97.26.
Pitt River Road, from Sapperton to Pitt River.
Cost, $225.50.
Sundry repairs, removing fallen timber, ditching, repairs to culverts, and re-building bridges
destroyed by fire.
Distance, about 8 miles.
Port Moody Road, from New Westminster City Limits to Port Moody.
Cost, $213.50.
Sundry repairs, removing fallen timber,  ditching,  cribbing, grading,  corduroying,  filling in
holes, repairs to bridges, culverts, &c.
Distance, about 5 miles.
Trail from Breely & Thompson's, Burton Prairie, across Mountain, and intersecting with
Abercrombie Road to Mission Station,
L. Thompson, Foreman
Cost, $400.
Forest clearing and brushing out 12 feet wide,  grading along side-hills, corduroying and
bridging across ravines.
Distance, about 31 miles.
Coast Meridian Road, Kensington Prairie, Surrey.
Geo. W. Rush, Contractor.
Cost, $300.
Corduroying 37\ chains; split cedar 10 feet long, 3 inches thick.j
McLennan Road, across Serpentine Flats, Surrey.
W. J. Robinson, Contractor.
Cost $250.
Brushing out, corduroying, and gravelling 8 feet wide and 4 inches deep.
Distance, 1 mile.
Continuation of  Road  along  the  Mountain,   and improvement  of  existing   Road,   from
Johnson's Landing School-House to upper end of Burton's Prairie.
L. Thompson, Foreman.
Appropriation, $500.
Forest clearing, brushing out, grading, corduroying, and bridging.
Distance, about 4 miles. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 151
Mount Lehman Settlement, Lee Road.
Robt. Coghlan, Foreman.
Cost, $200.
Improvement of road and construction of bridge 170 feet long, 28 feet high, 12 feet wide,
covered with split cedar.
Hawkins Road.
Robt. Coghlan, Foreman.
Cost, $150.
Forest clearing, brushing out and grading about one-half a mile.
McKay  Road.
Robt. Coghlan, Foreman
Cost, $250.
Forest clearing, brushing out and grading down knoll,  and   corduroying, constructing   3
bridges, 75, 50, and 40 feet.
Distance, about 1J miles.
Trunk Road from Steamboat Landing to intersection with Yale Road.
James McGregor, Foreman.
Cost, $412.
Forest clearing,  brushing out, grading,  corduroying,  ditching,  constructing tail drains and
culverts, and repairs to bridges.
Distance, about 4 miles.
Alder Grove Settlement—Trunk Road from Yale Road towards the river.
A. F. Goldsmith, Foreman.
Appropriation, $1,000.
Forest clearing, brushing out, grading down knolls, corduroying, and constructing bridges.
Distance, about 6 J miles.
Alder Grove Road, from Shortreed's store running south towards the Boundary Line.
Robert Shortreed, Foreman.
Appropriation, $250.
Forest clearing, brushing out and corduroying, &c.
Distance, about three-quarters of a mile.
Yale Trunk Road Repairs, from Brownsville to J. Musselwhite's, Sumas.
Cost, $1,983.
Divided into 3 sections.
Lower section, William Murray, Foreman.
Middle    „        Robert Shortreed,      „
Upper     ,, Wm. Russell, „
Brushing out, clearing out logs, grading, gravelling, corduroying, ditching, new culverts and
tail drains, repairs to culverts and bridges.
Distance, 33 miles.
Yale Trunk Road, from J. Musselwhite's across Sumas Valley to Mountain.
Wm. Russel, Foreman.
Cost, $202.50.
General repairs to road, culverts, bridges, <fec.
Distance, about 5 miles.
Yale Trunk Road, along the mountain side and Sumas Lake.
Sundry repairs.    Cost $28.
Removing fallen timber, driftwood, and repairs to culverts, ditches, &c. 152 Public Works Report. 1887
Trunk Road, from Chilliwhack Bridge to Mrs. Evans' gate.
A. Ennis, Contractor, $500.
H. Webb, Overseer, $50.
Filling In holes and ruts and gravelling road ; distance about 1^ miles.
Coquitlam-Pittendrigh Trail.
Sundry repairs.    Cost $35.
Cutting out and removing fallen timber, brush, <fec.
North Arm Road, Port Moody.
Cutting out and removing fallen timber.
New Westminster and Hastings Road.
Cost $24.75.
Cutting out and removing fallen timber.
New Westminster and North Arm Trail.
Sundry repairs.    Cost $40.75.
Cutting out and removing fallen timber and brush.
Repairs to Bridge on Scott Road.
Thomas Grenham.
Richmond Municipality.
In aid for general purposes, $1,000.
Langley Municipality.
In aid for general purposes, $1,000.
Maple Ridge Municipality.
Pitt Meadow Road  500 00
Kanaka Creek to Port Hammond  500 00
Port Haney to Best's Corner   150 00
From town line west, central section line  100 00
From town line east, central section line  200 00
Between lots 242 and 243, running west  250 00
$1,700 00
Delta Municipality.
Chilukthan Slough Road     1,000 00
Yale Trunk Road, Delta Municipality     1,000 00
$2,000 00
Chilliwhack Municipality.
Reconstruction Atchantch Bridge—H. Ramsey, Contractor  310 00
Reconstruction Luckakuk Bridge— „ „   290 00
Reconstruction Chilliwhack Bridge—       „ „   368 00
Dyking left bank Fraser River, near Cheam  500 00
$1,468 00
Nicholson Road, from Mt. Lehman Trunk Road to Nicholson's.
O. M. Nicholson, Jr., Foreman.
General repairs, $50. 51 Vic. • Public Works Report. 153
Grant toward improving Powell Street to School-house, Vancouver, $1,000.
Constructing sidewalk, with hand-rail, along the side of ravine bridge, between New
Westminster and Sapperton, $41.50.
Roadway in vicinity of ravine bridge above mentioned—general repairs.
Erection of fence around school grounds, Maple Ridge, $30.
Asylum for the Insane—general repairs, $128.79.
Kensington Prairie Suhool-House.
Jas. Miller & Son, Contractors, $633.
Provided all labour and material and put up a school building in accordance   with  plans
and specifications.
Chilliwhack School, Addition.
A. C. Henderson, Contractor, $465.
Furnished material and labour and erected an L addition, 22 feet by 30 feet.
Yale-Cariboo  Waggon Road.
Section 1.—Trunk Road—Yale to Lytton, 57 Miles.
Neil Black, Foreman, Salary, $150 per Month.
Men. Days.    Rato # Day.
February—Keeping bridges from being carried away by snow freshets, and keeping
water-courses clear      3       6     $2.69
March—Removing trees and logs, cutting ice, and keeping road partially open ;
removing ice from culverts and ditches, to prevent thern from blocking up and
overflowing road        5      26J    2.89
April—Repairing bridges, cleaning culverts and ditches, replacing stone walls on
outer side of road, and repairing protection walls on inner side, and made
general repairs throughout the entire section ; repaired, with round timbers, 1
bridge 68 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 22 feet high ; 1 bridge 49 feet long, 12 feet
wide, and 9 feet high ; and 1 bridge 38 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 9 feet high,
covered with 3-inch plank; 1 bridge 20 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 9 feet high;
1 bridge 25 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 9 feet high ; 1 bridge 65 feet long, 18
feet wide, and 9 feet high ; 1 bridge 90 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 9 feet high ;
1 bridge 46 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 9 feet high; removed covering, and
placed supports under 1 bridge 41 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 19 feet high ;
made 2 box culverts 18 feet by 2 feet by 12 inches ; made 1 culvert 18 feet by
6 feet by 4 feet; made 35 feet of cribbing, 12 feet high ; made 21 feet of stone
wall, 6 feet high ; made 41 feet of stone wall, 8 feet high   16   277i     1-75 to 8.00
May—Blasted 20 yards of rock, 10 feet wide, and from 4 to 7 feet deep ; gravelled
87 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches deep ; made a bridge 94 feet long, 18 feet
wide, and 27 feet high, all round timbers barked, posts and caps 12 inch,
diameter, stringers 16 inches diameter, covering 7 inches, barked; made 1
culvert 18 feet by 8 feet by 4 feet, round timbers ; made 1 culvert 18 feet by 4
feet by 2 feet, covered with stones ; made 33 feet of stone wall, 4 to 7 feet
high; 12 feet of stone wall 10 feet high ; 36 feet of stone wall 4 to 9 feet
high   12   252       1.83 to 3.00
June—Repairing and protecting bridges from freshets, and making general repairs
to road throughout the entire section ; repaired 1 bridge with a new bent,
having 4 posts 12 by 12 inches, cap 12 by 14 inches, sill 12 by 16 inches j
covered 1 bridge with round timber 45 feet long, 13 feet wide, and 16 feet high ;
covered 1 bridge with round timber 33 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 18 feet
high ; covered 1 bridge with 7-inch flattened timbers 105 feet long, 21 feet
wide, and 22 feet high ; made 34 feet of cribbing 11 feet high, and 18 feet 7
feet high; blasted 140 feet, 6 feet wide, 6 feet deep ; made 28 feet of stone
wall 6 feet high 229     10       1.83 to 3.00 154 Public Works Report. 1887
July—Removing rock slides, and repairing damage to road-bed, caused by rock
slides and freshets; gravelled 480 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 to 8 inches deep,
covered with 6-inch hewn timbers ; 1 bridge 116 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 1
bridge 49 feet, 18 feet wide ; made 21 feet of stone wall, 3 to 7 feet high      8    115       1.83 to 3.00
Section 2.—Trunk Road—Lytton to Savonna, 81 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Foreman ; Salary, $150 per Month.
Men. Days.    Rate $ Day.
January—Shovelling snow, cutting ice, and keeping road open for travel     4      14J   $2.00 to 2.69
February—Keeping road open for travel, by cutting ice and shovelling snow     2      13J     2.50 to 2.69
March—Building cutwater, around centre cylinders of Ashcroft bridge, 48 feet
long, 9 feet wide, and 18 feet high. The foundation timbers are well bedded
in cement-mortar, cross tied and drift bolted ; a large quantity of rock was also
placed around the other two piers for the protection of foundations. Shovelling
snow off Lillooet trail 5 days ; repaired 2 piers in Spence's bridge ; shovelling
off gravel slides, removing rocks, filling ruts, and made general repairs from
Lytton to Savona   16   202       2.00 to 3.00
April—Completed repairs to piers of Spence's bridge ; made 1 bridge 25 feet long,
18 feet wide, and 6 feet high, having 4 round stringers, one abutment, and
covered with 4-inch plank ; repaired the piers of Thompson River bridge ;
renewed 2 wall pieces; all loose braces in the piers tightened ; one man employed during mouth clearing and removing fallen trees, &c, from off the
Lillooet trail   10   205J     2.00 to 3.00
May—Gravelled 675 yards of the Ashcroft Road, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep ;
made a bridge 52 feet long, 8 feet wide, and 10 feet high ; made 35 feet of
cribbing, 8 feet high, and a half bridge at the 88-Mile Bluff and 35 feet of
cribbing, 12 feet high ; and a half bridge at the 90-Mile Bluff The bridges
have 10-inch by 10-inch posts and caps, and 14-inch round stringers, covered
with 4-inch plank ; finished repairs to Lillooet trail    10    156|     1.75 to 3.00
June—Gravelled 200 yards, 8 feet wide, and 8 inches deep     8     77       2.00 to 3.00
July—Made general repairs along line of road ; shovelling off gravel slides, blasting
boulders, and widening road in places     3     55       2.00 to 2.69
August—Made general repairs to road ;  tore down gaol at Savona, and drew it to
the station     5      51        2.00 to 2.69
September—Made general repairs to road ; built a gaol at Ashcroft 22 feet by 24
feet, and a kitchen 10 feet by 12 feet; made suitable fences, &e., and painted
the buildings     7      80,}     1.50 to 3.00
Sections 3 and 4  -Trunk Road—Cache Creek to Soda Creek,  157 Miles.
James Robertson, Foreman; Salary, $130 per month.
Men. Days. Rate $ day.
June—Repaired culverts and bridges; removed slides and filled in washouts; raised
stringers of Bonaparte Bridge and secured trusses with iron straps; removed the
Government Scales at Clinton, and filled in the depression; graded 200 yards,
3 feet wide; macadamized 15 feet, 12 feet wide, and 4 feet deep; gravelled 110
yards, 14 feet wide and 12 inches deep; made a bridge 30 feet by 12 feet by 4
feet, stringers 16-inch round timber, covered with 10-inch hewn timber; made
a culvert 18 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet; cribbed 33 feet 4 feet high; made 14 yards
of stone wall 2 feet high      6     71  $2.50 to $2.75
July—Removed rocks, slides, and timber from off roadway; lowered ditches and
cleared out culverts, &c.; graded 15 yards 4 feet wide, and 35 yards 3 feet wide;
gravelled 20 yards 14 feet wide, 10 inches deep, and 150 yards 10 feet wide, 10
inches deep; repaired 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 4 feet high,
and made 2 bridges, 10 feet long, 20 feet wide, and from 3 to 4 feet high, stringers 16-inch round fir, covering 10 inch fir flattened on one side, abutments 16
to 18-inch round timbers          8     73     2.50 to 2.75 51 Vic Public Works Report. 155
August—Cleared culverts and lowered water-courses; built and repaired bridges and
removed rocks and slides; graded 885 yards, 2 feet wide; gravelled 250 yards,
15 feet wide, 12 inches deep; made 1 bridge, 55 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 10
feet high, 1 bridge 45 feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 feet high, 1 bridge 50 feet long,
18 feet wide, 5 feet high, abutment timbers 12-inch by 16-inch fir, barked, stringers 15 by 16-inch round timber, barked, covering 8 by 10-inch, flattened on one
side; made 11 culverts, 18 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet, timber round fir, barked,
covered with flattened logs       8    175     2.50 to 3.75
September—Graded 150 yards, 3 feet wide; gravelled 100 yards, 15 feet wide, 12
inches deep; made 25 feet of cribbing, 3 feet high; made 1 bridge, 10 feet long,
18 feet wide, and 3 feet high, 1 bridge 15 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 3 feet high,
1 bridge 12 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 3 feet high; made 1 bridge 20 feet long,
20 feet wide, and 5 feet high, having stringers 16 to 18 inches diameter,
covered with 8 to 10-inch flattened timbers, abutments 16 to 18 inches ; made
1 culvert 18 ft. by 5 ft. by 2 ft., formed of round logs covered with hewn timbers
1    ,
18    ,
9    „
2 „
1
21    ,
5    ,,
3 „
1
,      20   ,
3   „
4 „
1
,      18    ,
5    ,
2 „
1
.      22   ,
5    ,
2 „
1
18    ,
5   „
5 „       ,
1    ,
,       18    ,
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3 „
1
,      20   ,
4    „
2 „       ,
1
18    ,
6    „
3 „
1
,      22    ,
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4 ,,
Cleared out culverts, lowered water-courses, removed rocks and slides, &e. from
off roadway     10   225     2.50 to 2.75
October—Cleared 1 mile of sleigh road, 12 feet wide; forest cleared 8 miles, 30 feet
wide; graded 500 yards, 2J feet wide, and 790 yards, 3 feet wide; gravelled
400 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep; cleared off rocks and fallen timber;
made 1 bridge, 50 feet long, 17 feet wide, and 3 feet high, having 16 by 18-inch
abutments, 14 by 16-ineh stringer's, and covered with round timber, flattened
on one side; repaired 1 bridge, 50 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 3 feet high;
made 1 culvert, 18 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet") having 10-inch cross ties, 12 to 16-
,, 1 ,, 20 ,, 6 „ 3 ,, [inch bottom timbers, barked, and
„    1      „       18     ,,      3     ,,      2  ,,    I covered with 8 to 10-in. flat'nd logs     9   221     2.50 to 2.75
Section 5—Main Trunk Road.
J. H. St. Laurent, Foreman.
Made 256 feet of cribbing, 4 feet high, 100 feet, 8 feet high, 126 feet, 5 feet high ;
re-covered 5 bridges, total length 162 feet; made 1 new bridge, 40 feet long, 18
feet wide, and 16 feet high; made 1 bridge, 16 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 5
feet high; made 10 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 to 4 feet wide ; widened 1,200 feet
from 2 to 6 feet wide; cleared brush on both sides of road for a distance of 5
miles, from 4 to 10 feet; made general repairs throughout entire section.
Section 6—Main Trunk Road.
J. H. St. Laurent, Foreman.
Made 1,500 feet of cribbing, from 2 to 5 feet high, 156 feet, 12 to 15 feet high;
made 30 culverts, 18 feet long, 2 to 4 feet wide; made 1 bridge, 15 feet long,
18 feet wide, and 7 feet high; re-covered 5 bridges, total length 176 feet; made
500 yards of ditching, 1 to 2 feet deep; gravelled 560 yards, 8 to 10 feet wide,
6 to 10 inches deep; cleared brush on both sides of road, for a distance of 6
miles, from 3 to 5 feet; made general repairs along entire length of section; repaired 180 feet of street, at the town of Quesnelle, which had been carried away
by a slide.
Slough Creek (Main Trunk Road).
J. H. St.Laurent. Foreman.
Made 1,000 feet of cribbing, from 10 to 12 feet high ; 400 feet of cribbing, 2 to 5 feet
high; gravelled 4 miles, 8 to 10 feet wide, and from 6 to 15 inches deep; made
25 culverts, 16 feet long, 2 to 3 feet wide; made 75 feet of corduroy, 18 feet
wide; made 1 bridge, 60 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 7 feet high; 1 bridge, 16
feet long, 16 feet wide, and 6 feet high ; widening roadway, 7 miles, 2 to 5 feet;
made 1 mile of ditching, 1 to 2 feet deep, and made general repairs the entire
distance of 14 miles. 156 Public Works Report. 1887
Yale District
Nicola Section,  37 Miles, Thompson River to Woodward's.
A.  Stevenson Foreman.
January—Shovelling snow, cutting ice, &c.     1 man, 5 days, $2.69 '§ day.
February—-Shovelling snow, cutting ice, &c.    3 men, 8 days, $2.50 to $2.69 ^ day.
March—Shovelling off slides; removing rocks; filling ruts; screwing up bolts in Nicola bridge,
&c; making 108 feet of cribbing 5 feet high.    7 men, 77 days, $2 to $2.69 1 day.
April—Shovelling off slides, filling ruts, and making gerreral repairs. 2 men, 50 days, $2.25
to $2.69 f day.
May—Keeping road clear of rock and gravel slides, tilling ruts, &c. None but section men
employed during month.    2 men, 52 days, $2.25 to $2.69 ^ day.
June—Gravelled 370 yards, 8 feet wide, b inches deep; gravelled 170 yards, 10 feet wide, 10
inches deep; gravelled 100 yards, 10 feet wide, 12 inches deep; kept road clear of rock
and gravel slides; filled ruts, &c; cut and barked 1,200 lineal feet of cribbing logs; made
40 feet of stone wall, 4 feet high.     5 men, 112 clays, $2 to $3 f day.
July—Gravelled 300 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep; gravelled 100 yards, 12 feet wide, 12
inches deep; gravelled 100 yards, 10 feet wide, 10 inches deep; made 110 feet of cribbing,
10 feet high; made 140 feet of cribbing, 6 feet high; made general repairs; shovelling off
gravel slides; blasting boulders, and widening road in places. 6 men, 119J days, $2 to
$3 f day.
August—Gravelled 550 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.    4 men, 71£ days, $2.25 to $3 f day.
September—Made general repairs.    3 men, 38 days, $2.25 to $2.69 ^ day.
Hope Sim ilkamEen Trail—65 Miles.
W. A. Starret, Foreman.
January—Cleared trail of timber, slides, &c; shovelled snow off" bridges, and made the trail
passable.
February—Shovelled snow off bridges.
March—Shovelled snow off bridges and cleared water-courses.
May—Repaired corduroys, culverts, and bridges; removed windfalls, timber, and rock slides;
repaired washouts, &c; put in new abutments to a bridge 100 feet long, 12 feet wide, and
10 feet high, at the 11 mile post.
June- -Repaired bridges, culverts, corduroys and washouts; removed mountain slides, windfalls,
overhanging brush and loose rocks; made 100 feet of corduroy, 6 feet wide; cleared a jam
of driftwood from the right span of the Sirnilkameen bridge.
July—Repaired bridges, washouts, corduroys; removed loose rocks, logs, brush, &c, from off
trail; made a bridge at 36 mile post, 60 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 10 feet high, having
a span of 35 feet, stringers 16 inches in diameter, covered with split cedar.
August—Repaired bridges, cribbing, corduroy; removed loose rocks, brush, fallen timber, <fec.
September—Repaired bridges, cribbing, corduroys; removed loose rocks, slides, fallen timber,
and overhanging brush, ifcc; graded 300 feet, 4 feet wide; built a bridge 30 feet long, 12
feet wide; re-covered a bridge at 12 mile post, 70 feet long, 12 feet wide.
October—Graded 12,000 feet, 2 feet wide; made 400 feet of corduroy 6 feet wide; repaired
bridges, cribbing, corduroy, and washouts; removed windfalls rocks, and slides, overhanging brush, Arc. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. I 57
November—Repaired bridges, cribbing, corduroy, and washouts; removed slides, windfalls, <fec;
made general repairs to Sirnilkameen bridge, and built a sheer-water 300 feet above the
bridge, 65 feet long, 5 feet high, 8 feet wide on the bottom and 4 feet wide on top.
Hope-Nicola Trail—80 Miles.
W. A. Starret, Foreman.
February— Shovelled snow off bridges.
March—Cleared water-courses and shovelled snow off bridges.
June—Repaired and altered the Coquihalla River bridge by raising it 3 feet 9 inches, and
made general repairs to trail.
July—Re-formed grade in places where washed away by freshets; repaired several small
bridges, cribbing, washouts, corduroy, and removed slides, logs and brush.
August—Repaired bridges, corduroy, and cribbing; removed slides, and made trail passable.
September—Opened trail, via the natural bridge, 5 miles from Hope; repaired bridges, cribbing,
and corduroy; removed windfalls, slides, &c.
October—Repaired bridges and corduroy; removed windfalls, rocks, slides, brush, (fee, and
made general repairs to trail.
November—Removed slides, fallen timber, &c; repaired bridges, cribbing, &c, and kept road
open for traffic.
Hope-Popcum Waggon Road—22 Miles.
W. A. Starret, Foreman.
February—Repaired bridges and road where damaged by snow-slides, and cleared off fallen
timber.
March—Repaired a bridge 110 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 20 feet high, which had been
knocked down by a fallen tree.
April—Repaired bridges, cribbing, culverts, and washouts; removed overhanging brush, slides,
loose rocks, windfalls, &c.; made 700 feet of macadam: repaired a bridge 50 feet long, 12
feet wide, and 18 feet high, with sills, bents, posts, caps, stringers, flooring and handrail; repaired a bridge over first branch of Silver Creek 112 feet long, 11 feet wide, and
11 feet high, with abutments, and diagonal braces between stringers on main span to prevent lateral motion, new floor of split cedar, ribbons and hand-rail; repaired a bridge over
second branch of Silver Creek 135 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 11 feet high, raised centre
pier 12 inches, renewed two stringers and placed diagonal braces between, laid new floor
of split cedar, and replaced ribbons and new hand-rail; bridge across third branch of
Silver Creek 25 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 7 feet high, put in 3 new stringers 18 inches
in diameter, covered with 5-inch split cedar; pile bridge over slough (5 miles below Hope)
170 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 35 feet high, repaired the covering with sawn plank, and
braced the piles in a thorough manner.
May—Repaired bridges, cribbing, washouts, and corduroy; removed windfalls, overhanging
brush, loose rocks, and 400 feet of fence; forest cleared 100 feet, 12 feet wide; graded
100 feet, 12 feet wide; made 35 feet of corduroy, 12 feet wide; made general repairs to 8
bridges, with stringers, sills, abutments, flooring, ribbons, hand-rails and braces; general
repairs to culverts.
June—Repaired washouts at 5 mile bluff
August—Removed timber from off road, and moved fences at Jones' farm and at the Indian
Reservation, as the road-bed had, in places, been washed away by freshets.
September—Repaired bridges and made general repairs to road-bed at bluff, 5 miles below Hope.
November—Made general repairs to bridges damaged by freshets, 158 Public Works Report. 1887
Kamloops District.
Gaol at Kamloops.
McKillican & Anderson, Contractors, $4,500.
Supplied all labour and material, and constructed a two-storey building 29 feet by 45 feet.
The exterior walls throughout, and all the walls, floors, and ceilings of cells and prison
corridor, are laid up with 3-inch by 5-inch mill sized lumber, placed one over the other,
horizontally, and securely spiked together. The outside walls, the roof and the floors
are lined with tarred building felt, and the former enclosed with rustic siding. The
exterior woodwork is painted, and the interior whitewashed.
The. building contains an office, officers' dining-room, kitchen, cellar, halls, and two bedrooms. At the rear are eight cells, each 6| feet by 8 feet. The cells are in two tiers,
the upper tier being reached by stairs and a balcony. They are sufficiently large to
contain three prisoners each, and, if necessary, four. A corridor 8 feet wide extends
the full height of the building, and has a large iron barred window at each end, which
secures good ventilation. A good sized exercise yard is enclosed by a substantial fence
18 feet high.    The remaining portion of the site is suitably fenced.
Bridge over the South Thompson River at Kamloops.
D. F. Adams, Contractor, $5,570.
Constructed a bridge 640 feet in length, composed of 12 spans of 40 feet each, 2 spans of
20 feet each, and a swing span having clear openings of 50 feet on each side of centre
pier.    The roadway is 16 feet wide in the clear.
The superstructure is supported on trestles, each bent having five piles, and being
strengthened by double wailings and diagonal sway braces.
The central pier, 18 feet in diameter, upon which the swing span turns, is formed with
20 piles securely tied, braced, and capped together. Over the caps a flooring of 3-inch
plank is laid, upon which is secured the lower circle formed with segments of 8-inch by
12-inch timber cut on the outer edge to a radius of 9 feet. To this circle is fitted a
cast-iron cogged rack, forming portion of the turning gear. On top of this circle is
fastened the traverse plate of 3-inch by J-inch wrought iron. The turn-table contains
16 solid cast-iron roller wheels, 12-inch diameter, in a spider frame, and is operated by
lever, pinion, and rack, from the roadway of the bridge.
The swing span is trussed, tied, and braced in an approved manner. A dolphin, formed
of five piles in clusters and banded together, protects the span when open from being
damaged by boats, &c.
Before the work was proceeded with it was ascertained that the high-water line had not
been correctly shown upon the profile of the survey of the site. This necessitated raising
the grade of the roadway and extending the bridge across a flat, which is subject to
inundation at high water, making the extreme length of the bridge 1,000 feet.
The additional work was done by the bridge contractor under special agreement.
The  work  throughout was carried on  under the personal supervision of Mr. Arthur
Stevenson.
Kamloops School (Addition to Building).
McGillivray & Little, Contractors, $800.
Furnished all material and put up an L addition 20 by 30 feet, constructed and finished
to correspond with the main building.
Cornwall and Ashcroft Waggon Road.
Philip Parke, Contractor, $1,400.
Graded 3J miles of road, 12 feet wide; constructed 7 culverts and 2 bridges ; 88 yards
of stone retaining wall, 4 feet high ; made all necessary ditches and drains. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 159
Kamloops to H. J. Venn's—18 Miles; North Thompson River, West Side.
Thoroughly cleaned out of loose earth and gravel; large rocks dug out between the 12-
Mile Post and the 18-Mile Post ;  1 new bridge covered with planks; 3 new log culverts.
Kamloops to Jas.  Knouff's—18 Miles; North Thompson River, East Side.
Thoroughly cleaned of all loose gravel ; large hole filled with crib work and rocks, 5 feet
deep by 6 feet across, 14 feet wide ; one new bridge 51 feet across, 20 feet deep, 14 feet
wide.
Kamloops to Tranquille—9 Miles.
A large gravel wash cleaned out 60 feet by 3 feet by 14 feet, and other general repairs.
Kamloops to Savona—30 Miles.
Shovelled out and cleaned a small piece of new road near Savona, about 50 feet long;
one new bridge 8 feet across, covered with planks ;  2 bridges repaired with logs.
Kamloops-Nicola—27 Miles.
Cleared out loose gravel and slides from the hill side ;  1   bridge repaired with logs, and 3
new culverts.
The above road was first cleared in the spring, and again in August.
Kamloops-Okanagan—56 Miles.
Roadmen have been regularly employed  upon  the  above, clearing  out  rocks  and   slides
from the sides, and 1 piece new crib work.
The road widened at  Summit Lake,  thus:—95 yards raised one log high; 219 yards
raised 2 and 3 logs high ; 212 yards rock cutting by 2| feet to 3 feet into the bank.
Duck's to Chase's (South Thompson River)—20 Miles.
Piece of new road contracted for by McPherson. The road cleaned out in places of loose
gravel.
Tranquille to Copper Creek Trail-18 Miles.
Cleaned out in places slides from the hill sides.
School-House at Nicola Lake.
Hiram Woodward, Contractor, $560.
Provided all plant, labour, and material and erected a frame school-house, in accordance
with general plan and specification for country schools.
General repairs have been made to the roads and trails throughout Nicola ; culverts have been
replaced, and bridges repaired and strengthened.
Between Coutlie's & Armytage's the roadway has been widened, raised and gravelled in the
worst places. The road between Quilchena and O'Rourke's has been ditched and
rounded up.   The Lake Shore Road has been completed, and the rocky portions gravelled.
Considerable gravelling has been done on the road between Woodward's & Scott's.
On the Douglas Lake Road a new bridge has been built, and sundry repairs made.
The Douglas Lake Trail via Lauder's to the Kamloops Road has been improved. 160 Public Works Report. 1887
Granite Creek Trails.
Cantilever foot-bridge across Tulameen River, opposite Slate Creek, 193 feet long, resting
on two piers 6 feet high, filled with rocks, and having a clear span of 136 feet.
3 piers of old bridge, opposite Granite City, raised 3 feet high and filled with rocks.
Cantilever bridge built across the Tulameen River to replace the one above-mentioned,
which was swept away during high water, 195 feet long, 3 feet 6 inches wide, capable
of accommodating two loaded animals at one time, resting on two piers 9 feet high,
filled with rocks, with a clear span of  100 feet.
Fallen timber cut out of trail from Granite City to Pike's, a distance of 30 miles ; also to
Slate Creek and Princeton.
Drift timber removed from the bridge at the latter place.
Osoyoos District.
Fencing Government Grounds at Priest's Valley.
John McMannis, Contractor, $310.
Provided all labour and materials and erected a fence to enclose one acre of ground. The
front fence for 110 feet is of pickets, the remainder of boards set vertically; made one
double and two single gates, <fec, <fec.
LOCK-UP  AT   LANSDOWNE.
Pringle & Hamil, Contractors, $389.
Furnished all materials and erected a building 15 feet by 23 feet, containing two cells, each
7 feet by 10 feet, and a guard-room 11 feet by 14 feet. The walls and partitions of the
building are formed by layers of 2-inch by 4-inch scantling, mill sized, laid one over the
other, lapping joints, and securely spiked together. The floors and ceiling are laid with
the same kind of scantling set on edge, and side nailed. An ordinary shingle roof covers
the building. The cells are ventilated and secured by strong doors. Two windows in the
guard-room are protected by iron bars. The doors, sashes and casings are painted, and the
remainder of the building, inside and out, is given two coats of lime wash.
Road over Deep Creek Swamp.
Lawes & Heathcote, Contractors, $550.
Constructed a raised roadway across the swamp in accordance with specification.
Sicamouse-Spallumcheen Waggon Road.
Neil Black, Foreman.
Sicamouse to Belvidere, 24 miles.
July—Forest cleared and partly laid out line of new road.
August—Laid out 12 miles of road; graded and corduroyed 8 miles.
September—Made 1,362 yards of corduroy 12 feet wide.
Made 9 culverts, 12 feet by 4 to 7 feet wide.
Blasted 180 yards, 12 feet wide, and from 4 to 13 feet deep.
October—Graded 4 miles ; made 1 bridge 40 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 12 feet high ; made
1 bridge 45 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 10 feet high; both bridges are constructed of
round cedar timbers; stringers, 18 to 20 inches; covering, 6 to 8 inches in diameter;
made 1 culvert, 12 feet by 6 feet by 3 feet. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 161
Made 1 culvert, 12 feet by 8 feet by 6 feet.
„    1      „        12   „       14  „ 9   „
„    1      „        12   „ 6   „        11   „
ii    1      jj        12   jj 9   „ 7   ,,
Blasted 522 yards, 8 to 10 feet wide, and of an average depth of 8 to 30 feet.
November—Graded 7 miles, 10 feet wide; made 400 yards of corduroy, 12 feet wide; made
1 bridge, 40 feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 feet high; 1 bridge 35 feet long, 18 feet wide,
and 9 feet high; both bridges are constructed with round timbers; made 1 culvert 18
feet by 9 feet by 4 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 9 feet by 6 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 12
feet by 6 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 7 feet by 6 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 10 feet by 9
feet; all culverts are made of round timbers; made 140 feet of cribbing, 4 to 6 feet
high; blasted one-half mile 10 to 20 feet wide, and 8 to 40 feet deep.
December—Graded 2| miles, 10 feet wide; made 90 feet of corduroy, 12 feet wide; made
1 culvert, 18 feet"by 9 feet by 5 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 7 feet by 6 feet; 1 culvert
18 feet by 10 feet by 7 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet by 10 feet by 9 feet; 1 culvert 18 feet
by 8 feet by 5 feet; all the culverts are of round timbers ; made 75 feet of cribbing, 6
feet high; blasted one-quarter of a mile, 10 feet wide, and from 8 to 35 feet deep.
Priest's Valley Roads.
Francis Walker, Foreman.
Made 1 culvert, 24 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot; repaired 2 bridges; removed large stumps from
front of Government Buildings.
Okanagan Mission Road.
Francis Walker, Foreman.
Forest cleared 600 yards, 50 feet wide; made a cutting 600 yards long, from 30 to 40 feet
wide, to cause the water to run directly under the bridge; repaired the Truss bridge and
put in 8 new planks; made 1| miles of new road from Geo. Whelan's to PostiU's; forest
cleared 200 yards, 40 feet wide; graded 1-| miles, 18 feet wide; made 5 culverts, 18 feet
by 1 foot by 1 foot; made 3 culverts, 18 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot; made general repairs
to the road from Okanagan Mission to P. Kelly's; repaired the bridges, filled in washouts,
and cleared the slides from off road at Long Lake.
Swan Lake Road.
Francis Walker, Foreman.
Made 2 miles of road to Deep Creek.
Corduroyed 60 feet, 18 feet wide.
jj 30   „     16       „
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
jj     1      jj        18   jj 3   „ 1   „
„     4     „        18   „ 1   „ 1   „
Graded 8 miles, 16 feet wide.
Made 1 bridge 20 feet long, 16 feet wide and 5 feet high; made 1 bridge 12 feet long, 16
feet wide, and 6 feet high to cross Deep Creek, having 4 stringers 10 by  14 inches;
abutments of round logs; suitable hand-railing, &c; made 4 culverts, 16 feet by 1£ feet
by 1 foot; made of round timber barked and covered with hewn timber.
Cherry Creek Road (21 miles).
Francis Walker, Foreman.
Commenced work at Bissett's Bridge, and made a new road to Cherry Creek, 21 miles ;
forest cleared 14 feet wide, and graded 10 feet wide; erected a truss bridge over Bissett's
Creek, 55 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 8 feet high; distance between buttresses, 40 feet;
height of buttresses, 8 feet; stringers, 4 in number, 55 feet long, 10 by 14 inches; straining
beams, 10 by 12 inches; needle beams, 10 by 12 inches; made 2 culverts, 16 feet by 2
feet by 1 foot; made   40 feet of corduroy,  18   feet wide; made 30 feet  of corduroy, 162
Public Works Report.
1887
16 feet wide; made 1 bridge, 8 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 3 feet high ; made 1 bridge
6 feet long, 18 feet wide, and 1 foot high; made 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 14 feet wide and
5 feet high; made 1 bridge, 10 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 2 feet high; all these bridges
have 4 stringers, 10 by 14 inches hewn timbers, properly covered, &c; made 2 culverts of
round timbers, barked, and covered with split cedar; 1 culvert, 16 feet by 4 feet by 1
foot, and 1 culvert 16 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot. During the month of November 1£ miles
was forest cleared 14 feet wide, and graded 9 feet wide; a very substantial bridge was
built over Fall Creek, 25 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 2 feet high; abutments of round
logs, 1 foot in diameter, barked; stringers, 4 in number, 10 by 14 inches, 22 feet long,
covered with 4-inch hewn timber ; made 1 bridge 20 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 4 feet
high ; made 300 feet of cribbing 5 to 9 feet high.
Lillooet District.
Approaches to Fraser River Bridge.
Philip Parke, Contractor, $2,440.
Forest cleared and  close chopped 720 yards, 16 feet wide ; removed all rocks, boulders,
logs, stumps and roots, to a width of 16 feet; cribbed up lower side where necessary,
and graded the roadway in conformity with specification.
Fraser River Bridge at Lillooet.
Careful surveys were made of the different available sites for a bridge, and the most
suitable adopted.    Bridge engineers were invited to submit designs and tenders.
The plans and tender of the San Francisco Bridge Company were accepted, and a contract
has been awarded to that firm.
The work will be proceeded with as soon as the river is frozen over sufficiently strong to
support necessary false works.
Bonaparte School-House.
A. F. Stuart, Contractor, $575.
Provided all labour and material and constructed a school-house with the usual fittings,
in accordance with plan and specification.
Repairs have been made to the Haller-Alkali Road, the branch roads to Crow's Bar, Upper
Dog Creek Road, road from Canoe Creek to the Fraser River, the Lillooet-Clinton Road,
Marble Canon, Lillooet-Seaton Lake, and Chadwick Roads. The trail from Lillooet to
Chilcotin has been repaired and reconstructed in many places ; other trails have been
improved and repaired. Subjoined are the particulars of the work carried out each
month :—
Roads and Trails.
James Robertson, Foreman.
June—Removing fallen timber and shovelling off banks and slides, filling ruts, &c;
grp.ded 800 yards, 3 feet wide, 700 yards, 4 feet wide, and 500 yards, 2 feet wide, on
the Marble Canon Road; graded 1,000 yards, 3 feet wide, on the Dog Creek Road.
July—Made 260 yards of pack-trail on west side of Fraser River; removed slides, cleared
and lowered water-courses and ditches; graded 460 yards, 3 feet wide, 620 yards, 4
feet wide, and 1,197 yards, 4 feet wide; macadamized 12 feet, 5 feet wide and 4 feet
deep, and 30 yards, 3 feet wide and 3 feet deep; gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide and
10 inches deep ; replaced covering on a bridge 23 feet long, 15 feet wide, 4 feet high ;
made 1 bridge 18 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 3 feet high; 1 bridge 30 feet long, 20
feet wide, and 5 feet high; 1 bridge 12 feet high, 18 feet wide, and 4 feet high ; abutments, 16 by 18-inch round timber, barked; stringers, 12 by 16-inch round timber,
barked; covering, 8 by 10-inch round timber, flattened on one side; made 5 culverts
14 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 163
August—Repaired 1,000 yards of trail, 1 foot wide, and 1,400 yards, 2 feet wide, and
made 583 yards, 31 feet wide, on west side of Fraser River; removed rocks and slides
from off road, and made about 300 yards of ditching ; graded 700 yards, 3 feet wide,
1,000 yards, 4 feet wide, and 300 yards, 8 feet wide; gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet
wide, 10 inches deep; made 1 culvert 18 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet.
September—Repaired 40 miles of trail on west side of Fraser River, from Lillooet northward ; grubbed out stumps, repaired and built culverts, and ditched 150 yards; graded
500 yards, 3 feet wide, 700 yards, 5 feet wide, and 425 yards, 6 feet wide; gravelled
150 yards, 8 feet wide and 8 inches deep ; made 1 bridge 12 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4
feet high, and 1 bridge 12 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 3 feet high ; made 6 culverts of
round timbers, sills 12 to 16-inch, stringers 8 to 10-inch, covering 6 to 8-inch, covered
with gravel; 1 culvert 14 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet; 1 culvert 14 feet by 3 feet by 3
feet; 2 culverts 14 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet; 1 culvert 15 feet by 4 feet by 8 feet; 1
culvert 12 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet; made 60 feet of stone wall, 3| feet high.
October—Cleared and made trail from Lillooet to Chilcotin River, 2,840 yards, 3 feet
wide, and 590 yards, 2^ feet wide; graded 900 yards, 2 feet wide, 1,000 yards, 3 feet
wide, 1,100 yards, 21 feet wide, and 1,100 yards, 4 feet wide; made 1 bridge 18 feet
long, 12 feet wide, and 3 feet high; 1 bridge 16 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 3 feet
high; stringers 12 by 14-inch, covered with 8-inch round timber, flattened on one side;
made 2 culverts 12 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
Cariboo District.
Road from Williams Lake to Chimney Creek—8 Miles.
A. Isnardy, Contractor, $200.
Graded half a mile from 6 to 8 feet wide ; cut out and removed all fallen timber, roots,
and rocks throughout, and made general repairs.
Trail from Alexandria to Beaver Lake.
Indian Chief,  " Big Sam," Contractor, $250.
Cleared out windfalls and made general repairs.
Barkerville Bulk-head.
Craig <fe Houser, Contractors, $637.
Raised the bulk-head two logs higher the entire length of 2,200 feet.
Road from Soda Creek to Hawk's—6 Miles.
The road has been thoroughly repaired ; widened where necessary, and generally improved.
Road from Deep Creek to Pinchbeck's—14 Miles.
Removed stumps and roots, fallen timber and slides, and made general repairs.
Williams Lake Road, from Main Trunk Road to Pinchbeck's—12 Miles.
This road has been thoroughly repaired, widened, and changed to get better grades ;
culverts made where required.
Hixon Creek Trail.
Very little work has been done on this trail, with the exception of removing fallen
timber. The route for a new road has been surveyed, and tenders were invited for its
construction. The lowest bid received being much in excess of the sum available, the
work was not proceeded with. 164 Public Works Report. 1887
Chilcotin Road—22 Miles.
Made 1 mile of new road ; made 1 bridge 45 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 6 feet high :
removed fallen timber and slides, and widened the roadway for a distance of about
three miles.
Trail from Barkerville to Fraser River, via Goat River—distance 80 miles.
L. Morgan, Foreman.
Owing to the snow lying on summit of divide, between Williams Creek and Barkerville,
work was not commenced on this trail until the 15th June, at which time 6 men with
2 pack-horses started out. A good substantial bridge has been built over Antler
Creek, and the old trail cleared of fallen timber to Big Lake, beyond which point—up
Porcupine Creek and down Goat River—the trail is entirely new. A bridge about 100
feet long had to be constructed across Goat River to avoid high precipitous cliffs.
This trail strikes the Fraser River about 75 miles below Tete Jaune Cache, and will
afford a short route to the Upper Fraser, which, no doubt, will be taken advantage of
by prospectors, and is passable for pack-animals the entire distance.
Road from 150-Mile House to Forks of Quesnelle.
Wm. Stephenson, Superintendent.
Repaired the corduroy destroyed by fire in 1886, and removed the fallen timber; re-covered
the bridge across Beaver Lake Creek with poles and split logs ; made about half a mile
of new trail to connect with the bridge across Snowshoe Creek ; made general repairs
throughout the entire length of trail.
Lowhee and Stout's Gulch Road.
About half a mile of new road was made at the head of Stout's Gulch. The old road
having been carried away by the caving of the banks, it was necessary to construct a
new road to facilitate the hauling of machinery, <fec, to the Quartz ledges on Lowhee
Creek.
Grouse, Antler, and Cunningham Creek Roads.
Graded, replaced culverts, and turning water-courses ; removed fallen timber and made
general repairs. This trail is now in good condition, and is used as a sleigh road from
Barkerville to " Nason Claim," Antler Creek.
Barkerville, Mosquito, Hardscrabble and Sugar Creek Roads.
The bridge across Willow River, 60 feet in length, has been replaced by a new one, and
the trail cleared of fallen timber. Other trails throughout the district are in very good
condition.
Kootenay District.
A waggon road has been constructed from the Steamboat Landing on the Columbia River
to Canal Flat on the Kootenay River, a distance of about 90 miles. At this point a
bridge has been built over the Kootenay River, to connect with the waggon road to Fort
Steele (Galbraith's Ferry), which was made last year. 51  Vic. Public Works Report. 165
The bridge, which was erected by Mr. William Rockett, has an extreme length of 311 feet,
and is composed of three straining beam trussed spans of 65, 67, and 70 feet respectively,
with approaches at each end. The main spans are supported on piers, formed by driving
three parallel rows of piles, planked on the outer sides, floored, and well ballasted with
rock between high and low water line. The foot of the piers are rip-rapped with stones
to an average depth of 3 feet. The roadway is 14 feet wide, and floored with 2^-inch
plank.
The routes for the waggon road between Windermere and Canal Flat, and between Windermere and the Steamboat Landing on the Columbia, were determined after careful surveys
had been made.
A sleigh road, 8 to 10 feet wide, from Golden City to the Steamboat Landing, a distance of
52 miles, was made by Mr. F. P. Armstrong, Contractor, for $1,075. The work has been
done with a view to its being converted into a waggon road, at a moderate cost, when
advisable to do so.
The McLeod Trail, via Kootenay Pass, has been cleared of fallen timber for a distance of
about 70 miles, at a cost of $455. The Moyca Trail to the Idaho Boundary Line has
been cleared and repaired ; cost, $115.
The trail to Crow's Nest Pass has been cleared for a distance of about 40 miles; cost, $100.
A trail running north-west, from Donald to the Blue Water River, has been roughly cut out
for a distance of 20 miles ; cost, $100.
The toat road from Donald to Blaeberry has been cleared for 7 miles.
The toat road from Golden to Kennedy's Ranche has been cleared, and a bridge built over
Hospital Creek.
The Big Bend Trail has been cleared and repaired, and Downie Creek bridge put in good
order.
Other trails throughout the district have received necessary attention.
A survey for a waggon road up the North Fork of the Illecillewaet River was made, but
the estimated cost was such as to render it inadvisable to proceed with the work of
construction this season.
Cassiar District.
Necessary but unimportant repairs have been made to the district trails, the particulars  of
which have not as yet been reported upon. 166 Public Works Report. 1888
EXPLORATORY SURVEY,  VANCOUVER  ISLAND.
Hon.  F. 0.   Vernon,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, B. C:
Sir, — I have the honour to submit my report of an Exploratory Survey in the Northern
portion of Vancouver Island, made under instructions from Mr. Gore in letter of August 8th.
The object of the expedition was to ascertain the general characteristics of the country
lying north from the 50th parallel, to what extent adapted for settlement, and the difficulties
that might be encountered in constructing a line of Railway to the north, having its objective
point at or about Fort Rupert. These outlines were supplemented with instructions to
traverse the country lying south towards Comox if circumstances permitted.
In company with Mr. Fry and five men, I reached Comox on August 11th. Failing to
weather Cape Lazo in canoes procured at the former point, the party eventually reached
Campbell River (the proposed initial point for the exploration) by a chance steamer carrying
supplies to the logging camps in the vicinity. Here, as elsewhere along the coast, bush fires
were more or less alight; the entire country being enveloped in a smoky haze, hiding all view
at half a mile distant. In consequence I determined to proceed north at once, in hope of getting
beyond the fire, leaving this section until later in the season. Procuring another canoe and
Indian crew from Cape Mudge village, a start was made for Alert Bay on August 14th.
Campbell River to Alert Bay.
At our first camp, three miles south of Elk Bay, a stream 30 feet wide comes in; this I
ascended for two miles. On the south bank is a flat J to f mile wide, rising back to the foothills of Menzies Mountain, three miles distant. About 1,200 acres of indifferent land could
be located at this point. Some fine fir and scattered cedar are to be found in vicinity of stream.
Though I explored* two other large streams as we went north, no good land of any area was
seen.
At the principal rivers (excepting Salmon, which I shall describe later), viz., Adams River,
Robson's Bight, and Beaver Cove, I did not land. These points are described in detail by Mr.
Mohun in his report of 1873.
Alert Bay was reached on August 17th, having travelled completely out of the smoke.
Some delay occurred at this point, the Cape Mudge Indians refusing to go inland on their rate
of pay; foreseeing future trouble, I was very glad to engage five fresh Indians belonging to
this locality, and, buying a canoe, sent the malcontents back.
Alert Bay up Nimpkish River.
We got away from Alert Bay on August 19th, two canoes loaded full, as it was my wish
to make a cache of surplus material on Karmutsen Lake.
Nimpkish River flows into Broughton Strait, opposite Cormorant Island (Alert Bay),
having a total length of four miles, and an average width of 350 feet; tide-water running up
about | of a mile. In volume it is larger than any river I have seen on the Island. It is
difficult to ascend, and dangerous, even at the low water of August, to any but expert canoe-
men, being a succession of steep riffles, some eight in number, dividing stretches of compartively
dead water, rising 75 feet to Karmutsen Lake, or 19 feet to the mile of stream. For the first
mile it bears S.W., the east bank being low, and for most part thickly timbered with small
spruce and hemlock growing in sandy soil. . Close to -the river, on the west, the bank rises to
a height of 25 or 30 feet, sloping gradually beyond, and attaining an elevation of 150 feet above
the stream, whence it extends along the coast for miles. On the banks are found alder and
underbrush; the prevailing timber away from the stream being medium sized spruce.
This point is evidently that at which Vancouver landed in 1792, and of which a sketch is
given in his narrative published nine years later. 50 Vic Public Works Report. 167
He writes^- " Accompanied by some of the officers, Mr. Menzies and our new guest
" Cheslakees, I repaired to the village and found it pleasantly situated on a sloping hill above
" the banks of a freshwater rivulet, discharging tself into a small creek or cove. It was
" exposed to a southern aspect, whilst higher hills behind, covered with lofty pines, sheltered
"it completely from the northern winds." .
The point is written " Ches-lakee " on the Admiralty charts, and remains of the village,
in the shape of carved posts and ridge-beams, may be seen to this day. No natives remain,
having for the most part removed to Alert Bay.
One mile from its mouth the river turns sharply to S. 10 E., which general course itfkeeps
to the lake, the hills close in, and rock appears here and there in the river bed, and on either
bank—the valley continuing,—is about § of a mile wide. Tortuous in its channel, points are
found containing excellent land, in small holdings, for a few individual settlers ; but altogether
the Nimpkish does not compare favourably with the country to the north, nor the more
interior valleys.
From native sources I gathered that the average snow-fall is two feet, lying about one
month. Four feet had been known, and winters with none at all. Mr. Spencer, in charge of
Alert Bay Cannery, regularly winters stock at the Nimpkish mouth.
Nimpkish Lake.
Karmutsen, or, as it is more generally known, Nimpkish Lake, 75 feet, by Aneroid, above
the sea, is a fine body of water lying S. 40 E., some 13 miles long by  2 wide, clear and  deep.
To the west lies the Karmutsen Mountains (5,500 feet), whose slopes border the full length
of the lake on this side, these, scantily covered with scrubby timber, jut into the lake in
numerous rocky points, forming an abrupt and broken shore line. The east shore for the first
six miles, though much more regular, is of the same character of rocky points and benches; the
toe of a ridge 800 to 1,000 feet high, timbered with scrubby fir and white pine. Half-way
down on this side rocky spurs from the Hankin range, bare hills, 4,000 feet in height, extend
to the lake shore, which becomes steeper and more broken, and so extending to the south end
of the lake. For Railway purposes the east is, without question, the preferable side. The
rock in this vicinity is of one character throughout, a white limestone or marble, referred to
by Dr. G. M. Dawson, in his report of 1885, as being similar to that already quarried, to a
small extent, at Beaver Cove.
Having reached this point (August 20th), at south end of Karmutsen Lake, a small cache
was made, and I carried out my lirst intention of dividing the party. Mr. Fry, with bulk of
provisions in one canoe and half the force, proceeding up the Kla-anch River, with instructions
to go through to West Coast via Woss Lake and Tahsis River, and returning explore towards
the East Coast and Robson's Bight, by which date I hoped to rejoin him at Woss River. His
report of proceedings is attached.
From Karmutsen through Anutz to Hoostan Lake.
With other canoe and remainder of men, I traversed the lake into its S. W. corner, to
where a sluggish stream 150 feet wide flows in, which followed for 1| miles, opens out into
Anutz Lake; a small sheet of water lying north and south, one mile long by a half wide,
resting between the foot-hills of Karmutsen Mountain on the west, and the point of range
forming the southerly watershed of the Kla-anch Valley. Excepting on the east shore there
is no good land on this lake.
Hoostan River, draining lake of same name, conring into Anutz Lake at its S.W. corner,
is a small stream averaging 70 feet across, with water barely sufficient to float a light canoe.
One mile after leaving Anutz Lake the stream enters a cafion (which it never leaves until
Hoostan Lake is reached), formed of grey marble, with sheer and overhanging walls from 40
feet to 150 feet in height, with frequent falls in the river bed. After much valuable time had
been lost in my endeavour to get canoe into Hoostan Lake and the water stretches I supposed
to lie beyond, I abandoned, and went overland to the lake. This is a pretty sheet of water 300
feet above the sea, two miles in length by a half broad, nestling among hills 2,000 feet high
and stretching S.E. seemingly almost to the foot of the towering Rugged Mountain. No good
land is to be found on this lake, though the timber, principally fir, is of value. I did not
explore beyond this, more time than intended having already been expended on the trip. The
country beyond appearing one endless succession of high peaks  and  ridges,   coupled  with  the Public Works Report. 1888
poor country passed through, justifies me in pronouncing it valueless beyond its timber, and
undersirable as an outlet to the West Coast. For the first mile on Hoostan River about 800
acres could be located of land suitable for farming, while the fir timber, both in river bottom
and on ridges, is excellent.
I returned to mouth of Kla-anch River by land, along the ridges bordering Anutz Lake
on the east, striking the river some three miles above its mouth. These ridges, quite susceptible
of cultivation, soon fall away into the river flats of most excellent soil, generally free from
underbrush. Scattered fir and spruce, 3 feet to 5 feet diameter, lending a park-like appearance to the country, and, in my opinion, for bottom lands, singularly free from overflow.
Karmutsen Lake to Port McNeill.
Refitting at Kla-anch River cache, I proceeded on August 5th to north end of Karmutsen
Lake, with view of finding out what facilities existed for a line of railway through the low
hills bordering the lake in this direction, it being an accepted idea that the country lying to
the north was all more or less suitable for settlement.
Travelling up the valley of a small stream for four miles a summit, 240 feet above the
Karmutsen waters, is crossed. This valley, though in places confined, offers no obstacles to
construction, nor would the grade be considerable. From the summit, after passing through a fine
level stretch of country for two miles, low arable ridges, and shallow ponds and meadows, the
latter easily drained, the head-waters of a large stream was reached, which being followed for
2£ miles, was found to flow into the sea at Port McNeill. From this point the bench or
plateau we had just left, bordering the coast at an average height of 150 feet above the sea
and one mile inland, was easily traced, stretching westerly in an unbroken line towards Fort
Rupert. Considering further exploration in this direction unnecessary, I returned to mouth
of Kla-anch River, which I reached on August 29th. Returning from Port McNeill I made
a detour of some four miles to the south, finding the country falling slightly inland, and retaining the same excellance of character as that noted on line of march. Spruce and hemlock, 2
to 3 feet in diameter, prevail, with more or less underbrush.
Valley of Kla-anch River.
The Kla-anch (or as Mr. Mohun more properly calls it, "The Needgilgas or Karmutsen")
River (I have retained the more familar names, as per Admiralty charts, in this report) falls
into the south-eastern corner of Karmutsen Lake. It flows in a general direction of S. 75 E.,
through the heart of the Island, for 35 miles, to its source some 7 miles south from Victoria
Peak. The actual length of the river is 42 miles, constituting it by far the longest on Vancouver. It has numerous tributaries throughout this length, the principal of which are the
Woss, or Conuma, draining lake of that name {see Mr. Fry's Report), the Davie, and the
Vernon, flowing from Vernon Lake (Mr. Fry's Report). The river is navigable for loaded
canoes to Vernon Lake, some 30 miles; four portages being necessary throughout this distance,
viz., one mile from mouth, at log jam ; at the first falls, 5 miles up ; the second ditto above
Woss River (20 miles), and log jams approaching Vernon Lake. The riffles are numerous,
though, owing to the smaller volume of water, not so dangerous as the Nimpkish. For the
first five miles to the falls, though much good bottom land occurs, the valley is broken. Rocky
spurs and gravel ridges, from the main hills on either side, running out to the river banks,
forming several small canons. Besides marble, which predominates, red granite below and
grey granite above the falls was observed crossing the river bed. On this distance I estimate
(including that mentioned as lying east from Anutz Lake) there are 3,000 acres of excellent
land, timbered throughout. Beyond the falls the rock disappears, the valley opening out to an
average width of If miles to its junction with the Woss, aggregating, say, 1,000 acres to the
mile for 12 miles, river bottom, generally free from overflow, heavily timbered with spruce,
hemlock, cedar and fir, from two to four feet in diameter—maple and alder being found on the
banks.
At the Woss Forks, 300 feet above the sea, as arranged, I found Fry's main camp and
cache, the party being off towards the East Coast; this was on August 31st. From a small
isolated hill, 1,800 feet, lying a mile north from the forks, a good view of the surrounding
country may be seen. This I ascended, whilst the canoe forwarded supplies up and beyond
the 2nd falls. Mr. Fry's party coming into camp next day (September 2nd), his canoe and
Indians, under Mr. McKay, were dispatched to Alert Bay for further supplies, while the main 51 Vic Public Works Report. 169
party continued up the river. From here to the mouth of Davie River, three miles up, the
north bank, at a short distance back, rises abruptly to a height of 200 feet, forming an undulating plateau lying between these two streams and sloping gradually back for three miles to
some small lakes and Beaver ponds lying at foot of the main hills. All this is more or less
good land, low ridges timbered with spruce, fir, and hemlock, from 1 to 3 feet in diameter,
interspersed with open meadows.
Davie River.
Three miles above Woss River we come to a large stream flowing from the N.E.; this I
named Davie River. After making one portage at its mouth we were enabled to take our
canoe up four miles, where a log jam barred further progress. This river was explored for
seven miles, to where it enters the high range lying to the west of White River. For this
distance it is rapid, rising 400 feet, averaging in width 100 feet. Its valley, or more properly
basin, is one of the most extensive tracts of good land en bloc seen on the expedition, it being,
in fact, the junction of several smaller valleys.
In the meanwhile the canoe with supplies having arrived at Davie River (September 10th),
Mr. Fry returned to that point, with view of ascending the Kla-anch with supplies into the
big Muchalat Lake, supposed to exist as shown on chart.    (See his report.)
Having previously climbed a prominent point 3,000 feet above the valley, on north side,
some six miles up Davie River, a chain of lakes was seen stretching to the south-east, parallel
to the Kla-anch Valley, and divided from it by a ridge 1,200 to 1,800 feet in height; also, in
the far distance, the waters of Vernon Lake. From this same point, looking N. 10° W.
through a small valley, could be seen the snow-capped ranges on the Mainland of British
Columbia.
There can be little doubt but that I was looking over the divide, and down the valley of
Adams River towards the high mountains bordering Knight Inlet.
Leaving the direction of Davie River, which now entering a confined valley continues
easterly towards some snow-capped peaks, I turned to the south-east towards the lakes
mentioned. Approaching these an excellent farming country is passed through, several open
meadows being observed.
The first lake, 800 feet above the sea, lying south-east, is three miles long by half a mile
wide. Beyond this, crossing a ridge of half a mile, another small lake is found, one and a half
miles long, and 840 feet above the sea, a small stream connecting the two. Beyond this latter
the bordering hills, 1,200 to 1,800 feet, close in, and excepting a small depression bearing
south-east, through which the inlet flows, no pass exists. As noticed in most instances, the
land adjacent to these lakes is worthless, nor is the timber of any size.
As to the extent of arable land in the tract just described, including the good land bordering
Woss River and Lake, the Davie River, and that portion of the Kla-anch Valley lying between
these points, I estimate there is not less than 11,000 acres available for settlement, containing
river bottom, free from overflow, and the higher lands, 600 to 700 feet above the sea, on the
plateau, lying between the Davie and Kla-anch Rivers.
Provisions getting very low I determined to move the main party to the coast, leaving
Mr. Fry, with his Indians and one white man, to prosecute the work to the east. I, therefore,
made a flying trip across the divide into the valley of the Kla-anch River, eventually finding
his camp on Vernon Lake, he having succeeded in bringing his canoe and provisions to that
point. A fine view of the Kla-anch and Vernon Valleys was obtained from point on summit
of divide.
September 15th.—Having conferred and arranged a future line of action with Mr. Fry, I
returned with all speed to Davie River, where, taking canoe, Alert Bay, and eventually Victoria,
was reached on September 24th. Refuge caches having been established at Davie River and
the mouth of Kla-anch, these were afterwards taken up by Mr. Fry when returning a month
later.
Surroundings would point to a greater degree of humidity in this section than experienced
further south. The weather in camp would also indicate this, 35 per cent, of that period having
been wet. No marks of frost on even the high hills were observed. Fish abound in the rivers
and lakes, but, excepting bear and beaver, which are plentiful, the lack of game is most
noticeable.
The party having been paid off, returning I reached Comox on September 29th, and where,
as arranged, I found a fresh crew of Indians awaiting me (it was rare for any one of an old lot 170 Public Works Report. 1887
after reaching their village to accompany mo a second time to the interior, having a great
objection to the packing). Delayed by head winds we did not reach Campbell River until
October 1st.
Campbell River and Lake.
Campbell River is a rapid stream, falling into Discovery Passage, in latituto 50* 02' 30"
three miles north of Cape Mudge. Being informed that the river was impassable for canoes,
I did not attempt its navigation beyond Nunn's, one and a half miles from its mouth.
I noticed on this river an excellent tract of farming land, apparantly stretching north and
south along the line of coast, and having a depth of about one mile. This would embrace some
open prairie land lying in a wedge between the coast and the river on its first mile.
A mile and a half up the river the Messrs. Nunn, who are the advance guard of settlement
to the north, are clearing a farm, and seem more than satisfied with their acres. So, also, at
Mr. James Knight's location, five miles south of Cape Mudge, excellent land was shewn me,
with "lots similar in the neighbourhood." Good timber is found here. Fir and hemlock with
large maple in proximity to the river's bank.
Leaving the river at Nunn's I went across country, not seeing it again until Campbell
Lake was reached. Two miles out the Quincham, 125 feet above the sea, is crossed, a small
stream flowing through a confined valley to the Campbell. The country for past one and a
half miles is valueless, the timber though scattered is good. Crossing this small valley we
ascend to a plateau, 350 feet above the sea, gradually rising to the south-west, containing
excellent land, timbered with scattered fir and hemlock, three feet diameter, berry bushes
forming the underbrush, and stray maple in groves. This pleasing country holds for two miles,
to a summit 660 feet above the sea, where the land becomes rocky and poor, and timber scrubby;
this character prevailing to Campbell Lake. A small unnamed lake (550 feet) was passed five
miles in, and after crossing some bare rocky points (sandstone formation) Campbell River,
where it leaves the lake, was reached six miles S. 35° W. from its mouth.
Campbell River, at this point, flows swiftly, 100 feet wide, through rocky banks rising on
either side 150 feet, sparsely timbered with scrub hemlock. Followed down for a mile and a
half, rio change from this was perceptible. After some difficulty the river was crossed a quarter
of a mile below outlet, and the traverse of a rocky point brought us to the north-east corner of
Campbell Lake.
Campbell Lake, by aneroid, 475 feet above the sea, is seven miles long, lying about west,
with an average width of IJ miles. A narrow strip of good land, with a varying width of
1,000 to 1,500 feet, borders the north shore, being the toe of a rocky ridge. On the south
poorly timbered ridges, 300 to 500 feet high, lie close to the lake shore, excepting a valley, or
depression, one and a quarter miles wide, seen stretching ten miles to south towards the foot of
Rugged Peak (4,000 feet). I regretted not being able to explore in this direction, as also
another valley, supposed to be that of the Upper Campbell River, bearing S. 30" W. from west
end of lake, between Crown Mountain and the high land lying to the west.
I was fortunate in getting two observations for latitude on this lake, the only ones
obtainable in my later trips.
Flowing in at its western extremity in two channels is a large river 300 to 400 feet wide
at this point, and having a valley a mile wide, supposed to rise in neighbourhood of Crown
Mountain.
Continuing west in hope of meeting Mr. Fry in latitude 50° 02 as arranged, I left this
valley, and crossing a rocky ridge 350 feet above the lake we entered a rolling country, ridges
200 feet about, principally timbered with hemlock, fir, and cedar, 3 feet diameter, for the most
part in underbrush, alternating with open and bushy meadows and beaver ponds. Though the
summits of these ridges are generally rocky, on the slopes, which are gentle, is good land in
abundance. The meadows and ponds are easily drained, the water-shed being south towards
the Upper Campbell
Having penetrated about 22 miles, lack of supplies forced me to retrace our steps (October
10th) having abandoned all hope of meeting Mr. Fry, whose supplies I thought would not
admit of his advancing to this date. The acreage in this region I shall refer to in connection
with Salmon River, to which point I proposed at once proceeding.
Refitting and procuring a fresh crew from Cape Mudge, I entered the mouth of Salmon
River on October 17th, 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 171
Salmon River.
Salmon River, draining one of the finest tracts of country on the Island, flows through
numerous channels into Johnston Strait, in latitude 50° 24'. At low tide the entrance is
difficult; one mile up the channel becomes confined, and for the next three miles, to which point
(at the foot of a small riffle) tide water rises, the current is gentle, the stream averaging in
width 300 feet, with water sufficient for any small craft. Beyond this numerous small riffles
occur, in no way dangerous, and troublesome only from lack of water sufficient to float a loaded
canoe. Four and a half miles south-east from its mouth, and seven by river (which is very
tortuous), White River flows in from the south. Over this distance the river valley on the
north is encroached upon by points from the Prince of Wales Range (4,600 feet), which lies
between it and the coast, and approaching White River by the "Valley Cone," which may be
called an isolated spur of the same range. To the south the hills are more distant. I have
estimated this lower stretch to average 1,000 acres to the mile of excellent bottom land,
exposures on the banks shewing 3 to 5 feet of river deposit on gravel It is heavily timbered;
large spruce and hemlock predominating, with cotton wood near the river. The lower reaches
approaching the mouth would be subject to overflow at extreme flood.
Ascending the bare hills, on chart "Valley Cone," I saw stretching before me to the
south-east the valley of Salmon River, the divide between it and the waters of Campbell River,
and looming up 50 miles distant Mount Washington; to the south Victoria Peak (7,500
feet), through the valley of White River looking small and confined, and to the west, over and
beyond a small divide, an evident stretch of low country or lake. This latter, T have decided,
was near the head-waters of Adams River, in the country reported on by Mr. Mohun in 1873.
Being anxious to find some signs of Mr. Fry I explored the valley of White River, hoping I
might cross his trail.
White River.
White River, which rises in the western slopes of Victoria Peak, 17 miles to the south,
equals in size almost the main stream. It is very rapid, and navigable for small canoes alone,
rising in 19 miles of its course 1,200 feet. The valley at first confined, 5 miles up opens out,
and an average width of half a mile is attained At 13 miles the mountains again close in,
forming canons of gray marble 20 to 60 feet in height. Openings to two large valleys at 15
and 17 miles were crossed. These valleys, or basins, in the hills to the south-east were not
explored, though seeming to contain plateau land 200 feet above the valley, similar to that
lying between the Davie and Kla-anch Rivers. Generally the White River country can not
compare to advantage with that seen elsewhere. Over the lower 10 miles not more than 2,500
acres of good land could be located, while on the upper stretches where the valley is wider and
the plateau land occurs, the high elevations (1,200 feet above sea) would be inimicable to
farming operations. Snow fell with us here on October 27th, and the hard and fast line for
the winter was not 200 feet above us. As grazing lands these more elevated tracts would be
valuable. Reaching the Forks, 19 miles in, one branch rises rapidly to the south-east, while
the main river, curving sharply to the south-west, flows along the base of Victoria Peak. A
rift in the misty clouds occurring, Victoria Peak, one mile distant, towering above us 7,000
feet, could be seen in all its grandeur. Ascending a spur to the south-east 1 camped 1,500
feet above the valley, intending, if the morrow was fine, to try and reach some point whence I
could see to the south. It proving wet, and having already gone two days longer than my
supplies warranted, I reluctantly turned back (October 28th) Numerous elk tracks were
seen up this valley, though none came within sight. Victoria Peak, so far as I could judge in
the misty atmosphere, is an isolated cone of bare rock, sparsely timbered on its east and
western slopes, but to the northern aspect perfectly nude.    The summit was hidden in clouds.
Salmon River (Concluded).
Reaching the canoe on October 31st, the traverse of this river was continued next day.
For five miles the river is extremely tortuous; the banks are good 5 to 7 feet, and showing all
this depth of river deposit; the timber similar to that lower down. It averages about 1,100
acres to the mile, the valley being If miles wide. This brings us to the forks, 9 miles direct
from the mouth and 15 by river. The smaller branch, turning more to the south, traverses the
valley in that direction for 4 miles, where, through a confined valley, it enters among the hills. 172 Public Works Report. 1887
One mile above the forks I abandoned the canoe on account of log jams. The valley at
this point is 2J miles across, a network of sloughs, and at high water for half that width very
wet. On the south side the valley is bounded by a ridge or bench 250 feet above the river,
at the foot of which, sloping gradually towards the stream, is a strip half a mile %vide of splendid
land, fern prairie and open timber, free from underbrush and any danger of overflow.
Twenty-three miles up this ridge was crossed, S. 30° E. for 5 miles through lightly
timbered ridges and open meadows, all more or less good land, at an average elevation of 500
feet above the sea. Climbing a small range of mountains, some 1,800 feet, lying to the south,
Campbell and Bear Lakes were seen respectively bearing east and north over a good stretch of
seemingly level country; to the south-east a large unknown lake, and through a low valley to
the south-west what appeared to be another lake. This latter is, doubtless, that valley seen
by Mr. Fry looking N. 40° E. from spur of mountain north of Muchalat Lake. (See his
report.) Continuing north and east from this, a broken hilly country was passed through for
4 miles, with numerous small streams draining to the north, the head-waters, in part, of Salmon
River. Through the same character of country in a narrow valley I came on, itself, or a large
branch of Upper Campbell River, flowing towards that lake. This was twenty-five miles in a
direct line from Salmon mouth. Following up a small tributary of this stream I crossed the
divide, in this case only a few hundred yards, separating these waters from those of Salmon
River.    From this point, on November 8th, I turned back.
Embracing all the lands in the Salmon River proper, those on White River, and the
higher country lying south and south-east from Salmon River and towards Campbell Lake, I
estimate there would be in one block fully 35,000 acres available for settlement, of which
two-thirds would be river or bottom lands. This, of course, in so diversified a tract of country,
can be but a rough approximation.
Returning I paid off at Comox on November 17th.
I greatly regret being prevented (having disabled myself coming out from Salmon River
Valley) in exploring, as intended, Bear River and Lake about 8 miles south of Salmon mouth,
the country in from Menzies Bay towards Campbell Lake, and that lying south from Campbell
River towards Comox.
The instruments used were the watch and pocket compass, mariner's sextant, and aneroid
barometer. The results of the latter, late in the season, were far from satisfactory. As many
observations for latitude as desirable could not be obtained owing to incessant rain.
But seven days of fine weather were experienced between October 1st and the date of our
return, November 17th. Much information, doubtless, was lost owing to this, the far sides of
valleys in most cases being hidden from view.
Attached please find Mr. Fry's report of the country explored by him; also, a further
report from myself regarding the probable route to be taken by a railway going north.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
(Signed)       J. H. Gray.
Victoria, January 13th, 1888.
APPENDIX No. 1.
Mr. H. Fry's Report.
Victoria, B. C,
J. II. Gray, Esq., V. E: November 1st, 1887.
Sir,—Acting under instructions received from you at the south end of Karmutsen Lake,
August 21st, I started up the Kla-anch River to make connection with the North Arm of
Nootka Sound via Woss Lake. The country passed through for the first five miles is considerably broken and hilly, the river banks in places are rocky and precipitous, for a height of
100 feet over the river bed. Continuing up stream for about IS miles the junction of the
Woss and Kla-anch Rivers is reached, the whole distance being through a wide and fertile
valley; the river banks are low, and flats extend on either side. 51 Vic. Public Works Report. 173
Following up the Woss River 2J miles, we come to Woss Lake; the stream is tortuous and
very swift, the land on either side is flat, principally swamp and beaver meadows.
Woss Lake is a magnificent sheet of water lying nearly north and south, about 10 miles
in length by l1 wide, 315 feet above sea level. At the north end or outlet the land is flat
and suitable for agricultural purposes, but 3 miles up the lake the mountains close in and the
shores are steep and rocky; at the extreme south end a large stream comes in, at the mouth
of which a little good land was found.
Travelling 11 miles south from Woss Lake the summit of the divide is reached. From
this point the water flows to the West Coast. The divide is in a very narrow rocky gorge,
between two snow-capped mountains, and in the lowest place about 970 feet above sea level.
Continuing south for one mile we come to the head-waters of the Tahsis River, at this
point a mountain torrent, falling about 300 feet for the first mile, then more gradually to the
sea, a distance of 10 miles from its source. It is navigable for canoes for about two miles;
average width 100 feet. The valley is narrow but contains about 10,000 acres of good bottom
land, easily cleared, with magnificent spruce and cedar, but a scarcity of fir timber. At the
mouth of the river there is a large grass flat
On 28th August we started back towards the junction, which we made on the 31st, and
next day explored in the direction of Robson's Bight. After three days travelling on mountain
ranges returned to junction, having failed to discover any opening in that direction, but the
country lying to the east and towards Adams River is low and, apparently, good land.
On September 3rd started from the junction of the Woss and Kla-anch rivers, following
up the latter stream, passed through a fair average country for three miles, where another
stream, with a wide valley comes in from the north-east.
September 10th, continue up the Kla-anch River for eight miles to mouth of a large stream
coming in from the south, called " Vernon River." Leaving the Kla anch, decided to follow
up this stream. The country passed through has been particularly good—flats extending
miles on either side of the river, with alder bottom and beaver meadows. Elk and beaver
very plentiful.
September 12th start up Vernon River, and after passing through a splended farming
country for four miles, came to a large lake, now called " Vernon Lake," about 4 miles in
length by 1£ wide, the shores for the most part steep, on the south-west rocky; the north-east
shore, a more gentle slope, is covered with splended timber—fir, spruce and cedar. At the
head of the lake two large streams come in, and there is about 1,000 acres of good land. I
went up one, coming in from the south-east for six miles, to its source; found the valley
narrow, containing 1.500 acres of good land.
September 17th—Leaving our canoe on this lake, we struck off through a valley running
in a north-easterly direction; after travelling four miles through swampy land, came to the Kla-
anch River, and followed it up, in a south-east direction, to its source, in a flat swampy country;
having come through good farming land the whole distance. Continuing in the same direction
through a series of open grass swamps and beaver meadows for three miles, we came to the
head-waters of a river running to the West Coast. Following this river down stream, through
a wide and fertile valley, for seven miles, we reached a large lake, called by the Indians
"Muchalat Lake." It lies nearly east and west, 5 miles long by 1J wide. Two miles north
of this lake lies a very high mountain, the summit of which I climbed to obtain a view of
the surrounding country, and looking N. 40 E. saw a large and well-defined valley, through
which I could see the British Columbia coast range of mountains. Nothing of any height lay
between myself and the East Coast of Vancouver, and I determined, should my provisions last,
to go through in that direction.
September 29th—Left the cast end or outlet of Muchalat Lake, following down stream
I met two Indians, of the Muchalat tribe, in canoe, who informed me that I was 12 miles from
the coast; that a large stream from the north came into this river one mile below, and another
from the east, about six miles down stream; on the latter, they assured me, was a trail by
which the Comox Indians frequently came across. On reaching the first stream mentioned by
these Indians, I determined to follow it up, and for the first eight miles found the valley narrow
and steep. At that point a small stream comes in from the north-west, and the main stream,
which I followed, bends sharp to the east. The valley widens, with large flats and good
farming land. Four miles up stream brought mo to a lake lying east and west, about three
miles long by one wide (Gold Lake). 174 Public Works Report. 1887
October 4th—By this date our provisions were nearly gone, all hands having been on
half rations for four days, so I concluded to turn back, and reached Alert Bay on the 11th,
where the Indians were paid off.
Taking the country passed through between the mouth of Nimpkish River and the lake
from which I turned back, a distance of 80 miles, I consider it a very favourable route for
Railway construction. That portion between Nimpkish River and Davie River having come
under your personal notice, any report from me is unnecessary.
From the latter river, following the Kla-anch to its source, the work will be exceptionally
light; thence following down stream to Muchalat Lake, to the junction of the river coming
in from the north, the work required will also be very easy; following this stream up, the next
eight miles will be heavy work, I should say about $30,000 per mile; from there to the east
end of the lake I stopped at, the work would be very light.
The exploration through the Woss Lake country to the North Arm of Nootka Sound
cannot be considered successful in view of railway construction, for although a road might
possibly be built, very heavy grade would have to be made on a steep rock side-hill, or 2 miles
of rock tunnel built to pass the divide between Woss Lake and the head-waters of Tahsis
River.
I have, (fee,
(Signed)        Henry Fry, C. E.
APPENDIX No. 2.
Railway Report.
On the plan accompanying this report is a dotted line drawn from the present terminus of
the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway at Wellington, north to Fort Rupert. This is intended
to approximately define a practicable route for a railway between these two and certain intervening points. The distance between Wellington and Campbell River has not been explored,
nor for the present purpose was it necessary, as a country offering no obstacles to construction,
may be seen throughout this length of coast line. A glance at the map will draw attention to
the great distance to be saved by any line passing behind the Beaufort Range, up Cruikshank
River, past Buttle's Lake and across to Muchalat River and Lake. If these water stretches
exist at all, as shewn, my past season's experience inclines me to believe that no obstacles to a
good line through here will be found. In nearly all cases the principal valleys run the length
of the land, and more or less parallel to the coast, an item of the first importance to the question in hand.    White River is the marked exception to this general formation.
Regarding the country between Buttle's and Muchalat Lakes my observations from
Campbell Lake would indicate low land in this locality ; and in this connection mightbe mentioned the story told Mr. Fry by the two Muchalat Indians, that the Comox men in the past
crossed the Island and came down (from the east) a stream flowing into Muchalat River, six
miles above salt water. I have, however, taken the safer plan and shewn the line from the
south, crossing Campbell River two miles up. Beyond this, two routes are defined: First the
northerly, following the Coast to Menzies Bay, whence it strikes across the country spoken
of by Mr Mohun, and passing over the Salmon River follows down the south slope of tha't
valley and swinging up the White River until sufficient height is gained and a crossing made,
it follows down the opposite bank and across the small divide to the head waters of Adams
and Beaver Rivers, whence following the valley seen to the north from Davie River, it joins
the common route at the Woss. Though most of this country has not been visited personally,
from observations I have no doubt of the feasibility of this line. It however does not compare
favourably with that shewn more to the south, and though nine miles shorter, this advantage
is more than counterbalanced by the heavy work at White River and in the valley south to
Davie River; though more accessible from any future settlement in the Salmon Valley, a
small outlay in roads would obviate this advantage. The total distance to Woss River is 87
miles.
Though my information is necessarily very limited I have made a rough estimate of the
probable cost of construction on the more southerly route. 51 Vic Public Works Report. 175
Campbell River to Salmon River.
Crossing Campbell River on a 125 feet span the line would pass, on a rising grade of 1
per 100, through a somewhat broken country, near Campbell Lake (the valleys, however,
lying with its course), to the head-waters of Salmon River and those flowing round the base of
small mountain (ascended by me in November), down a valley to Gold Lake. This distance,
thirty miles of rather heavy work, would cost $15,000 per mile; that beyond to Gold Lake,
eleven miles more, $13,000 per mile.
Gold Lake and portion of Valley.
Along the north shore of Gold Lake and clown the Valley five miles, a pleasant country
is passed through, shewing light work ($11,000 per mile); beyond this the work becomes
heavy, being estimated at $18,000 per mile for the next eleven.
Muchalat Lake to Woss River.
From Muchalat Lake and up that river to divide and into the Kla-anch waters, good
land prevails and ten miles of light work. No difficulty will be found in rising to this summit. Continuing down the north side of Kla-anch Valley, twenty-five miles more of light
work, through a farming country, are traversed. This whole distance, thirty-five miles, is
estimated at $11,000, including one 125 feet span over Davie River.
Woss River to Karmutsen Lake.
Over this length, twenty-one miles, some broken ground and rock occurs which will
increase the cost to $13,000 per mile.
Throughout the Kla-anch Valley undulating grades will be possible, a great advantage
in avoiding bad points and heavy work, the grade of the river being only 26 feet per mile of
valley.
Karmutsen Lake.
This portion of the line I have divided under two rates, ten miles at $25,000 and nine at
$20,000.    At this point is the only extensive piece of rock work occurring on the 166 miles.
Nimpkish River to Fort Rupert.
Crossed near the outlet, the Nimpkish will require two spans, each of 100 or 125 feet.
Rising on a grade of 60 feet to the mile for four miles the plateau land is reached,
stretching without a break to Fort Rupert, thirty miles of undulating grades at $13,000 per
mile, the total distance from Campbell River being 166 miles. This, no doubt, will, in the
course of more thorough exploration and survey, be reduced, as, also, the line shifted ; but
whatever other changes may be found expedient, the last sixty miles, from lower end of Kla-
anch Valley past Karmutsen Lake, will, for any northern railway, be the outlet.
I append a table, shewing the approximate mileage and cost, together with the acreage of
good land passed through by each different rating. In the table I have placed under this
head half the acreage contained in a strip five miles deep, running from Karmutsen Lake to
Fort Rupert, but a very small corner of the eleven hundred square miles of presumably fine
country lying between Karmutsen and Cape Scott. The figures of cost include steel rails and
the road completed for running, but not the cost of surveys, nor of rolling stock.
The standard (4 feet 8^ inches) gauge has been taken. The narrow (2 feet 9 inches) gauge
would effect a saving in the cost of both construction and equipment of about twenty per cent.,
besides allowing greater latitude in curvature and grade, which latter, however, the country
scarcely calls for.
I have &c,
(Signed)       J. H. Gray,
Civil Engineer.
Victoria, January 18th, 1888 176
Public Works Report.
1887
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Sz 51 Vic.
Public Works Report.
177
TENDERS   RECEIVED   AND   CONTRACTS   AWARDED
DURING THE YEAR 1887.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria City District.
A. J. Smith	
McKillican & Anderson ....
T. Cotterall  	
$35,075 00
36,171 00
36,182 00
36,900 00
37,590 00
38,000 00
39,637 00
41,000 00
41,300*00
46,378 00
1,150 00
1,198 00
1,325 00
1,386 00
1,415 00
1,800 00
630 00
674 00
678 00
695 00
800 00
18 cts. $ foot
20   „        „
20   „     . „
20   „        „
$ 1,150 00
1,255 00
1,263 00
1,375 00
.1,575 00
32 cts. # foot
40   „
14   „        „
14J,,
16   „       „
-■"2  >»              )i
24   „       „
241 „       „
40   „        „
$     175 00
229 00
224 00
700 00
199 00
239 00
263 00
286 00
555 00
570 00
Moffat & Adams	
J. P. Elford	
Gillespie & Mesher 	
Kelly & Shearing	
Thos. Elliott	
McKillican & Anderson. ....
J. P. Elford	
W. M. Ross	
Thos. Moffatt	
J. P. Elford	
Awarded.
W. M.Ross	
McKillican & Anderson	
A. & W. Wilson	
Awarded.
W. G. Farrell      	
Victoria District.
Thos. Elliott	
W. M. Ross	
J. P. Elford 	
Herd & Dowsette	
E. Mastin ,
Thos. Elliott	
C. E. Mallette 	
Awarded.
Awarded.
C. E. Mallette 	
Thos. Elliott	
E. Mastin.
Awarded,
Thos. Elliott	
0. E. Mallette.   	
J. B. Waddel	
W. H. Snider	
Awarded.
Awarded.
J. Hagearty 	
C. Pollock	
R. Mason	 178
Public Works Report.
I8S7
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria District.—Continued.
N. Leelair	
J. Haggaity	
W. H. Snider	
$     119 00
125 00
178 00
444 00
214 00
450 00
450 00
650 00
1,150 00
1,095 00
314 00
420 00
450 00
520 00
700 00
146 00
150 00
349 00
14 cts. #foot
144,,
174,.
%     379 03
395 00
509 00
589 00
835 00
900 00
385 00
415 00
464 00
560 00
655 00
675 00
400 00
467 00
550 00
395 00
446 00
464 00
499 00
550 00
138 00
149 00
150 00
160 00
165 00
270 00
270 00
280 00
465 00
480 00
400 00
420 00
Awarded.
Awarded.
P. Gilligan  	
C. Pollock       	
N. Leelair                   ....
C. E. Mallette	
Awarded.
W. H. Snider	
P. Gilligan   	
Awarded.
W. H. Snider	
Esquimalt District.
Awarded,
Thos. Elliott	
C. E. Mallette	
A. H. Peat, Jr	
Awarded.
H. Pike 	
W. H. Snider   	
Jas. Baker	
W. J. Wale   	
W. H. Snider         	
Awarded.
A. H. Peatt, Jr	
Cowichan District.
Chemainus Trunk Road, Section No. 1	
A. Fulton	
J. Kier	
Withdrawn.
Awarded.
Awarded.
D. Evans 	
E. Allard	
David Evans	
G. H. Whitehouse    	
Awarded.
A. B. Herd	
H. E. Hall	
N. W. Campbell	
D. Evans	
Awarded.
■J. P. Windsor	
W. H. Miller	
Awarded
W. S. Smith	 51  Vic
Public Works Report.
179
Nature of Work.
Cowichan District.—Continued.
Fisher's to Cobble Hill	
Dobson's to Trunk Road	
Silver Mine Road	
Beach Road	
Murphy's to White's, Glenora	
New Westminster District.
New Westminster to Vancouver	
Name of Tenderer.
Rivers & Handy.
P. McLennan
A. Howie   	
W. J. Shearing...
Jos. Dougan 	
J. Greig	
A. Howie . ..
W. J. Coply.
Jos. Dougan .
S. W. Handy
W. J. Smith .
G. Lewis.
W. C Burns
A. Blyth....
W. S. Smith
S. Doupe	
Agassiz's Station to Harrison Lake ...
Nieomekl Bridge, Langley Prairie. . .
Vancouver to Hastings   	
Elgin to Semiahmoo Bay	
Kensington School-House	
Nanaimo District.
Addition to Girls' School   	
School-House, East Wellington	
Englishman's River and Comox Road
T. H. Boyd & Co	
H. McDonald	
J. M. Wise	
Baker & Snider	
Smith & Monahan	
J. H. Wilson & Co	
Stephenson & MeCraney
Smith & Monahan	
D. Robertson	
J. M. Wise	
J. H. L. Wilson	
Stephenson & MeCraney	
R. Shortreed .
J. Macdonald.
Wm. Murray.
R. Connor ...
Amount.
E. Vachon	
Jas. Patterson.
J. Jackson 	
Saml. Clay    	
Merrill & Verette.
J. Miller & Son.
J. F. Morton .. .
G. W. Bush....
Chas. Wilson.
J. W. Stirtan
McCutcheon & Mellado	
G. H. Frost	
Morrison & Grant	
James Craig.
John Love & Co.
do.
do.
P. McGhran,
do.
Craig & Parks,
do.
Award.
Section 1
„ 1
„ 2
„ 3
„ 1
„ 2
„ 1
„ 2
370 00
500 00
040 00
870 00
900 00
330 00
350 00
375 00
1,275 00
1,799 00
2,000 00
169 00
375 00
396 00
399 00
750 00
4,600 00
7,500 00
8,000 00
3,369 00
6,250 00
5,500 00
5,485 00
4,500 00
4,700 00
4,950 00
5,900 00
6,490 00
933 00
1,138 00
1,150 00
Per ft., $5.50
$  590 00
650 00
1,850 00
1,909 00
4,000 00
633 00
695 00
697 00
1,438 50
1,794 00
1,125 00
650 00
680 00
287 00
562 00
1,475 00
2,073 00
540 00
1,557 00
583 00
1,678 00
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded,
Awarded.
Withdrawn.
Not awarded
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded 180
Public Works Report.
1887
Nature of Work.
Nanaimo District.—Continued.
Nanaimo Court-House	
Kamloops District.
Kamloops Gaol.
Public School Addition, Kamloops
Ashcroft Waggon Road
Swing Bridge at Kamloops.
Osoyoos District,
Fencing Government Grounds, Priest's Valley.
Cherry Creek Waggon Road.
Road over Deep Creek Marsh.
Lillooet District.
Approaches to Lillooet Bridge ....
Fraser River Bridge at Lillooat..
Name of Tenderer.
Morrison & Grant	
W. E. Blaekett	
Frost & Walls	
J. Dean  	
McCutcheon & Mellado
R. English	
McKillican & Anderson
McGillivray & Little ..
A.Noble	
McGillivray & Little  ..
A.Noble	
Wilson Hill   	
Philip Parke	
D. McDonald	
McGillivray & Little.   .
D. F. Adams	
do. ....   	
San Francisco Bridge Co
Pacific Bridge Co	
Leamy & McGillivray   .
J. Mcintosh	
W. E. Blaekett	
J. W. McCrady	
J. McMannis..
W. Marchand
E L. Morand.
F. Hassard, Section 1
do. „ 2
Brewer & Falkner, ,, 1
do. „ 2
J. D. McDonell, „ 1
do. „ 2
P. Ellison, „ 1
do. „ 2
Levasseur & Lambly, ,, 1
Law & Heathcote	
F. Hassard.-,	
G. J. Wallace   	
Philip Parke	
J. H. Beare   	
Jos. Dickey   	
J. R. Williams	
J. C. Harris	
San Francisco Bridge Co	
do. do. 	
do. do. 	
King Iron Bridge Co	
do. do	
Pacific Bridge Co   .        	
California Bridge Co	
Hoffman & Bates	
do	
do	
Amount.
3,995 00
4,142 00
4,147 00
4,760 00
5,019 00
5,250 00
4,500 03
4,950 00
5,265 00
800 00
997 00
1,100 00
1,400 00
1,850 00
3,000 00
5,570 00
8,750 00
6,700 00
7,800 00
6,950 00
8,700 00
8,985 00
16,600 00
310 00
312 00
319 00
5,000 00
5,000 00
5,500 00
7,000 00
7,200 00
7,800 00
8,520 00
12,350 00
10,840 00
550 00
750 00
1,000 00
2,440 Q0
2,777 00
3,800 00
3,950 00
4,100 00
16,380 00
16.800 00
17,800 00
15,850 00
29,650 00
20,300 03
21,417 00
18,170 00
18,730 00
19,400 00
Award.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded. 51 Vic.
Public Works Report.
181
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Lillooet District.—Continued.
Hill, Ackerman& MeCrady.
15,995 00
29,297 00
29,500 00
22,500 00
30,000 00
32,000 00
53,893 00
15,530 00
9,750 00
9,943 00
9,975 00
Cariboo District.
Hixon Creek Sleigh Road	
Leamy & McGillivray   	
do.                      	
do. 182
Public Works Report.
1887
00
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OB<!<Jhh  REPORT
of the
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
or the province op
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
FOE  THE
YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER,
1887.
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard Wolfbnden, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing Office, James' Bay.

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