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ANNUAL REPORT ON THE ASYLUM FOR THE INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER, FOR THE YEAR 1885. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1886

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 Annual   Report
ON   THE
ASYLUM   FOR   THE   INSANE,
NEW   WESTMINSTER,
FOR   THE
YEAR   1885.
VICTORIA : Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing- Office, James* Bay.
1886.  49 Vic Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 387
REPORT
ASYLUM   FOR  THE  INSANE
NEW   WESTMINSTER
FOR  THE   YEAR
1885.
To the Honourable Clement Francis Cornwall,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it Please Your Honour :
The   undersigned   respectfully   submits,   herewith,  the  Annual  Report  of the   Medical
Superintendent of the Asylum for the Insane for the year 1885.
JNO. ROBSON,
Provincial Secretary,
Provincial Secretary's Office,
1st February, 1886.  49 Vic.        Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 389
REPORT
OF   THE
MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT OF THE ASYLUM FOR THE INSANE,
New Westminster, B. C.
For the Year Ending 31st December, 1885.
To the Hon. John Robson,
Provincial Secretary.
Sir,—I have the honour to herewith present the Report for the fourteenth year of this
Asylum, ending 31st December, 1885.
The usual tables are appended, containing such information as is annually required.
The total number received during the year was twenty-one (21); the number discharged
six (6); and the number of deaths, five (5).
Received.
The number of admissions, twenty-one (21), is larger than during any previous year since
1876. The impossibility to obtain any information concerning the majority of these (owing,
no doubt, to their coming to this country without friends), is a great drawback to their treatment.
Discharged.
The number discharged, six (6); of whom five (5) were cured, and one (1) improved..
This is not as many as during the previous year, and makes the percentage to admissions look
small. We have four more who are well enough to be discharged, but as they are all without
money and unable to obtain work until the spring opens, I thought that it would be cruel
to send them away until the severe weather was over. An asylum seems a strange place to
retain them, but they all have expressed a wish to stay until they can obtain work, which
speaks well for the comfort the Government has provided for the sick in mind.
Deaths.
The number of deaths, five (5), of which three (3) died of general paralysis, one (1) of
syphilis, and one (1) of jaundice, although greater than the last three years, is not large
amongst seventy-two diseased and infirm people. Only one of these had been less than a year
in the institution.
Improvements.
Since my last Report, we have occupied the new wing, which is very much more adapted
for a hospital of this kind than the old building. The upper floor is occupied by the female
patients and their attendants, and is thoroughly comfortable. The lower floor contains a few
convalescents in the dormitory. A large dining-room where over fifty (50) male patients sit
down to their meals at one time; these are divided into three tables, viz: the quiet ones,
the troublesome ones, and the Chinese. 390 Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 1886
An elevator, or dumb waiter, has been built, which enables us to send up the food to the
female ward while hot; also it is used to send fuel and other things required, and is a great
convenience.
The large sitting-room is used once a week for Divine Service.
A balcony has been built on each floor, which is not only useful as a place for exercise,
but as a means of escape in case of fire, as they are connected with the main building by iron
doors.
A covered passage has been built between the kitchen and the new wing; also a speaking
tube allows of communication between the female department and the main building.
A large number of pictures (coloured prints), have been supplied by the Government,
which makes the whole interior of the institution look much more cheerful than it did before.
I am now fitting up the old dining-room for a reading-room, and I hope the Government
will see fit to assist me in it, as there is a great scarcity of reading material. The good
influence of select reading, not only in giving information and killing time, but also in making
the patients forget themselves and their troubles, cannot be over-estimated as a means of
recovery. The only papers supplied are the Columbian and Mainland Guardian, with the exception of some back numbers of the illustrated, sent to the female department by some friends
of the institution. We have no books. The improvements outside were all done by the
patients, and will be detailed under the heading of work.
Expenditure.
The "per capita" cost covers all expenses, including salaries, food, fuel and lighting,
drugs, furniture, bedding, farm implements, stationery, etc.; in fact all expenses connected
with the institution, except what belongs to the Lands and Works Department and transport
of lunatics and keepers to the Asylum.
This makes the cost of each patient for the past year, 78-J cents per day. This is somewhat higher than in 1884, but by subtracting the extra amounts paid for salaries, fuel, lighting,
the average cost would be only 61J cents per day, which is less than the year before. This
proves that the institution has been carried on in as economical a manner as possible.
The amount expended for "maintenance" during the past year was |6,584.60, being
5.40 less than the amount ($6,950.00) allowed in the estimates, which is satisfactory.
Estimates.
The estimated amount required to carry on the institution for the coming year will be as
follows:—
Salaries    $9,400 00
Provisions         4,500 00
Euel        790 00
Coal Oil         120 00
Medicines  150 00
Clothing         450 00
Furniture, Stoves, Bedding and Lamps         300 00
Transport of Lunatics and Keepers         300 00  -
Miscellaneous         250 00
      $16,260 00
Farm:—
Cow       $ 65 00
Food for Cow  50 00
Implements  100 00
  215 00
Total       $16,475 00
I have put the amount for provisions the same as for last year. In the event of our getting
a good cow, we will save the $400 expended on milk. 49 Vic. Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 391
Garden.
Our out turn from the garden, although larger than before is still very small, as we had
to break up three-quarters of an acre of new ground for the purpose, the new wing being
built on the old garden.
Since the vegetables have been taken up, we have converted this three-quarter acre plot
into an orchard of 58 trees, of apples, plums, cherries and pears, and a lot of berry and currant
bushes.
We have cleared and broken up another plot of an acre and a quarter for garden purposes
for the coming year.
Work.
This is the first year that the patients have been allowed to work, and to see them at it
proves that they enjoy it thoroughly. They have done a great deal, although they only go out to
to work on fine days, and then only for live or six hours. It is entirely voluntary. The average
number of workers was fifteen (15) men, including four (4) who helped indoors. The number of
day's work done was 3,344. The work done was: a tennis lawn, levelled and sodded; a rustic
summer-house built; gravel walk made; the principal road metalled from gate to building;
road made from the Goverment road to back yard; two acres of ground broken up and cleared
for garden purposes; orchard planted; three terraces made, from gate to building; a maple
avenue planted; shrubs planted; the front cleared of stumps and underbrush and burnt;
road made all around the inside of enclosure; built cow-shed; converted old closets into dry
earth ones; made ditches, drains, and cleared up the place generally. On days when the
weather would not permit of them working outside, they framed pictures and did light carpentering work in the house.
If we are allowed to take in another ten acres of ground to the back of us we will be
able to grow enough vegetables for the table, and for a cow and have pasture besides; we
would be able to fence it roughly ourselves.
Of course the female patients all worked at sewing, &c.
Paying Patients.
None of this class were received during the year.
Acknowledgments.
I most thankfully acknowledge the receipt of the following newspapers, contributed
regularly:    British Columbian and Mainland Guardian.    I only wish the list was longer.
Amusements.
The Rev. Mr. Oroucher kindly entertained the patients with the Magic Lantern, which
was greatly appreciated. I wish we had a piano or an organ, so as to have some music. There
would then be little or no difficulty in getting up entertainments.
The men enjoy their checkers and dominoes, and the women engage in a dance by themselves, without music, once a week.
Divine Service.
We have had service once a week for a number of months, conducted by the Venerable
Archdeacon Woods. The average attendance has been twenty-eight (28), and seemed to have
been appreciated. I have much pleasure in thanking a number of young ladies from the City,
who attend regularly to assist in the singing.
At the close of another year, I have pleasure in thanking the Steward, Matron, and all
the employes for their close attention to the comfort and welfare of the patients, and their
willing assistance to myself.
I have, &c.
(Signed)        R. I. Bentley, M. B.,
Medical Supt. B. C. Asylum. 392
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1886
ANNUAL   STATISTICAL  REPORT.
Table 1.
Showing the number of patients in the Asylum on the 31st December, 1884, number admitted)
number under care and treatment, number discharged and died, and the number remaining
in the Asylum on the 31st December, 1885.
Males.
Females.
Total.
43
18
8
3
51
21
61
11
72
5
1
1
5
10
1
11
51
10
61
Table .2.
Showing the place of residence from which patients were received during the year 1885.
Place of residence.
Males.
Females.
Total.
1
1
1
5
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
11
18
3
21
Table 3.
Showing the birth place of patients received during the year 1885.
Birth Place.
Males.
Females.
Total.
4
1
3
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
3
2
3
1
Victoria, B. C	
1
1
4
1
2
1
18
3
21 49 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
393
Table 4.
Showing the ages of patients at the time of their admission during the year 1885.
Ages.
Males.
Females.
Total.
4
4
\
i
2
6
4
Between 30 and 35	
1
3
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
18
3
21
Table 5.
Showing the supposed cause of the insanity of patients admitted during the year 1885.
Supposed Cause.
Religious excitement
Intemperance	
Masturbation	
Money troubles	
Living alone	
Not known	
Males.        Females.        Total.
18
21
Table 6.
Showing the class of insanity of patients admitted during the year 1885.
Form of Insanity.
Males.
Females.
Total
8
2
3
3
1
1
2
10
2
3
3
1
1
2
18
3
21 394
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1886
Table 7.
Showing the social state of patients admitted during the year 1885.
Social State.
Males.
Females.
Total.
17
1
1
2
18
3
18
3
21
Table 8.
Showing the occupation of patients admitted during the year 1885.
Occupation.
Males.
Females.
Total.
2
1
10
2
1
10
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
18
3
21
Table 9.
Showing the religion of patients received during the year 1885.
Religion.
Males.
Females.
Total.
1
1
2
2
4
1
3
9
4
1
1
4
9
18
3
21 49 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the insane.
395
Table 10.
Showing the age, length of residence and proximate cause of death of those who died during
the year 1885.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Date of Death.
Residence in Asylum.
Years.     Months.    Days.
Proximate Cause of  Death.
H. S.
J. B.
M. F.
C. D.
W. H.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
45
37
48
24
45
13th January, 1885.
14th January, 1885.
7th August, 1885.
2nd September, 1885.
22nd November, 1885.
2
1
5
1
5
11
1
7
4
13
19
18
21
Jaundice.
General Pai'alysis.
General Paralysis.
Syphilis.
Paralysis.
Table 11.
Showing the admissions, discharges, deaths, escapes; number resident at the close of each year;
increase or decrease each year; number treated each year; percentage of recoveries and
deaths from the opening of the Asylum to the present date, December 31st, 1885.
Years.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
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8
5
4
5
3
4
5
5
2
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
5
3
10
5
3
9
8
5
5
2
3
2
5
1
1
16
14
19
32
35
37
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61
5
13
3
2
5
7
1
2
2
1
18
32
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
80
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
,35.71
47.05
27.77
31.57
42.85
42.85
50.00
72.72
28.57
2
10
CO   M
p-i
5.55
16.12
10.17
20.83
11.11
8.16
14.88
14.88
8.33
8.06
3.63
5.26
3.03
6.94 396 Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 1886
Table 12.
Expenditure for the Year 1885.
Foon :—
Butter  $580 89
Sugar  188 52
Oatmeal  66 49
Tea  88 94
Eggs   39 74
Coffee  24 15
Cheese  27 99
Sago  14 88
Ham  55 00
Apples  22 73
Currants and Raisins  12 60
Worcester Sauce  15 93
Salt and Pepper  7 96
Rice  5 25
Flour  30 00
Mustard  10 50
Syrup  45 00
Corn Starch  1 52
Pearl Barley  2 64
Small Groceries  12 39
Vinegar  1  10
Lard   2 50
Beans  5 00
Beef and Mutton  1,417 49
Potatoes and Vegetables  392 04
Bread   740 85
Milk   400 56
Fish  104 00
House Expenses: —
Sal Soda  12 00
Tobacco   105 84
Matches  6 00
Coal Oil  118 80
Soap   39 74
Brooms and Brushes  18 70
Lime  2 00
Lye  9 00
Fuel  781 35
Clothing, Hats, Boots and Slippers  448 62
Furniture, Bedding, &e   289 69
4,316 75
1,831 74
Salaries and Wages:—
Salaries  9,242 27
Medicines :—
Drugs and Sugical Instruments      160 14
Miscellaneous :—
Rent of Post Office Box and Stamps  15 00
Funeral Expenses  60 00
Miscellaneous  81 47
156 47
$15,707 47
Transport :—
Transport of Lunatics and Keepers  119 50
House Repairs—Lands and Works.
Repairing Water Main; iron pipe, &c  13 65
Tools for Garden; wheelbarrows, &c  53 25
Repairing Sink  11 50
Wooden Roller  7 50
Lumber  37 94
Repairing Chimney s  3 50
Hinges for Gate  25 63
Glass Door  6 75
Repairing Tools, Glass, Nails, &c., Sundries  34 30
■        e • . 194 02
Total  $16,020 89 49 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
397
Table 13.
Showing amount of work done by the Eemale Patients during the Year 1885.
Aprons  24
Antimacassar  1
Button Bag  1
Chemises  16
Yards Crochet Work.
Dresses	
Drawers repaired....
Flannels	
Handkerchiefs  11
Jackets  8
Mattresses :  8
Pillow Cases  36
Petticoats  5
Pants repaired  14
Rag Mat  1
Sheets  23
Pairs Stockings .-  2
Scrap Bags  3
Pairs Socks  10
Shirts  altered  3
Shirts repaired  284
Ties  11
Towels       3
Yards Tape Hemmed  16
Mending for male and female patients.
Table 14.
Showing the average number of patients per day, and average cost per day and per month for
the year 1885.
Months.
January ..
February
March
April	
May	
June	
July  	
August ...
September
October...
November
December
Average   num-i   . ,  -,
ber of'Patients! Average daily
daily. Expenses.
52
52
52
52
53
54
55
55
54
57
60
60
54§
$44 83
48 80
41 48
44 65
42 24
43 38
40 22
40 79
40 85
40 13
46 18
43 44
$43 08J
Average   cost
per capita
per day
cts.
86
93
79
85
79
80
73
74
75
69
77
72
Average cost
per capita
per month.
$26 96
26 27
24 72
25 56
24 70
24 16
22 64
23 14
22 68
21 50
23 15
22 40.
784
$23 99
Table. 15.
Showing Produce of Garden for the year 1885.
lbs.
Potatoes ,...'  3,584
Turnips  600
Carrots  100
Beans  30
Cabbage  258
VICTORIA : Printed by Richard Wolfesdex, Govemmen. !
at the Government Printing Office, James Bay

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