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BC Sessional Papers

RETURN To an Order of the House for the production of all Plans, Specifications, Papers, and Correspondence… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1883

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 46 Vic. Correspondence—Stanley-Barkervile Waggon Road. 393
To an Order of the House for the production of all Plans, Specifications, Papers,
and Correspondence in connection with a proposed Waggon Road from
Stanley to Barkerville, via Chisholm Creek, Devil's Canon, and Jack of
Clubs Lake.
Wm. Smithe,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Office,
6th March, 1883.
Mr. Jane to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
.Quesnellemouth, 25th July, 1878.
Sir,—I have the honour to enclose the plan and notes of a survey for a waggon
road from Stanley, via Jack of Clubs Lake, to Barkerville; distance 14 miles.
The notes fully explain, in detail, the nature of the ground and of the work to be
done. The first two miles consists of ordinary grading and forest clearing, with but
little or no cribbing.
The third mile (in the centre of the pass) will be somewhat heavy to build. The
side grading is steep and rocky; 12 chains will have to be cribbed; there are places
covered with large loose rocks fallen from the mountain side : these spaces will take a
great deal of labour in levelling and putting into proper shape.
The West side of the valley was chosen on account of its being the most exposed
to the sun. The snow is likely to disappear early on that side in the spring of the year.
Another reason for my going on that side was to avoid a bluff 50 to 60 feet in height
situated on the right bank of the creek at the outlet of tho lake at the head of Devil's
Canon. With the above altitude added to my grade, I should have experienced some
difficulty in getting a road clown through the canon without running into rocks and
precipitous places.
About sixty chains of the fourth mile consists of heavy grading. A few of the
steepest places must be cribbed—probably six to ten chains in all; ordinary grades can
be walled up if necessary. There are plenty of flat rocks and stones, fit for building
purposes, intermixed with the soil. The canon is composed of rotten blue slate, which
will stand well and make a good road.
The fifth and sixth miles consists of plain foot-hill grading without any cribbing.
There are two low bridges needed in this portion,—one to cross Burns' Creek, the other
to span the Slough Creek and a belt of swamp.
The crossing at Burns' Creek is fast filling up with tailings. It would be well to
construct an open crib-work here, to rest on triangular piers, pointing up stream, so
that it could be raised from time to time by adding logs to the top according as the
tailings might accumulate.
The bridge across Slough Creek will bo a low structure, four to six feet high.
Thence, for the remaining eight miles, there-is nothing but plain grading, forest
clearing, ditching, &c, needed for tho whole distance, save about four chains at the end
of the Hospital Bridge, Barkerville. The outlet of Jack of Clubs Lake will require a
new bridge and end cribbing, 79 feet long altogether, by 5 feet in height.
From Lowhee Creek, for two miles and ton chains, the present road is from 7 to 10
teet wide,    It must be made the full width of (? 18 feet),  and  be ditched, drained and 394 Correspondence—Stanley-Barkerville Waggon Eoad. 1883
gravelled where necessary and made hard. Thence, to end of the fourteen miles, the
course of the road will be changed. At present it crosses a swamp and passes over
miles of tailings. The new road leaves the flat and curves round the shoulder of a dry
The steepest grade in the whole length of the road occurs in Devil's Canon. For
20 chains the fall there is 1 in 12.
Mr. Johnstone meant to have passed over a point of hill between Devil's Canon and
Burns' Creek, but I could not make tho ascent out of the canon. A ravine above and
perpendicular rock below make it impossible to build a waggon road there without
having very steep grades.
The road, if properly built, will be hard and firm from end to end.
My estimate per mile is less than Mr. Johnstone's figures; but seeing that there
will be but little cribbing to be done, I consider that I have made a very liberal estimate.
Some parties in Cariboo thought of applying for a sleigh road, to be built on the
line laid out by me, but this proposal could not be entertained.
I have two days' work to do in this town, re-surveying, to find the angles of the
principal blocks. I shall then move down to the Australian ranch, the proprietors of
that farm wishing to have their boundaries defined.
I have, &c,
(Signed)       John Jane.
Miners say that waggons could travel by this route early in May, or as soon as the
feed became good. By Van Winkle tbe road is usually blocked by snow until the
beginning of July.
The Surveyor- General to the Government Agent, Richfield.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., May 1st, 1879.
I enclose you a tracing of a survey of Mr. Jane's for a road from Stanley to Barkerville.    You will be good enough to prepare specifications and  invite tenders for its-
construction in two sections,—tbe first from Stanley to Slough Creek (about 45  miles),
the second from Slough Creek to Barkerville, and telegraph results of tenders to this
department.    It is desirable tbe first section should be built this season.
I have, &c,
(Signed)        W. S. Gore,
Surveyor- General.
The Government Agent, Richfield, to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Richfield, 4th June, 1879.
Sir,—I have the honour to enclose a copy of the specifications for the Stanley-
Barkerville new waggon road. Tbe tenders will be opened on the 14th inst., when I
shall telegraph you the amount of each tender, and await your answer before making
any award of contract.
I have, &c,
(Signed)       John Bowron.
P.S.—The specifications are sent down for reference in your office.
J. B. 46 Vic. Correspondence—Stanley-Barkerville "Waggon Road. 395
Specifications for Section 1, Barkerville-Stanley New Waggon Road.
Grading to bo 12 feet clear of ditches; tho earth taken from the ditches and sides
to be thrown up into tho centre of the road to a height of 12 inches, and the cross
section of the road brought to an uniform curved surface. All hillocks to be cut off and
hollows filled up, so as to bring the longitudinal section of tho road to an uniform grade.
No brush, logs, or rotten wood will be permitted to be used.
All brush, rocks, boulders, logs, trees, stumps, and roots to be removed to a clear
width of 14 feet, being 7 feet on either side of the centre line, and to a depth of 12 in.
from the finished surface of tho road.
All vegetable mould, bog, marsh, rotten wood and moss to be removed outside of
the road and ditches, and space filled up solid with clay or material excavated from
The finished surface of the road to be left smooth, compact and hard on completion
of contract.
Ditches to be constructed where required, and to be of such dimensions as to carry
off all waters from road-bed.
The road throughout tho entire distance to be forest cleared to a width of 15 feet
on shady side, and on opposite side 6 feet, being 22 feet and 13 feet from each side of
centre line of road. Forest clearing shall mean the cutting down of all trees and brush
to within 3 feet 6 inches from tho ground within tho said width of 15 and 6 feet on each
side of road.
All trees or branches overhanging the clearing on cither side to be felled.
Substantial culverts to be constructed of hewn or rough logs of red fir or spruce,
and to be covered with split or flatted spruce timber not less than six inches thick.
Culverts to be made in such a manner that there shall be no settlement over them, and
to have a fall of 6 inches to the lower side of road. Culverts to extend from side to
side of road bed.
Proper tail drains to be cut, so as to carry off all water from the culverts and
ditches that may pass through or collect in them.
The ditches, culverts, and tail drains shall be so arranged that the surface of roadway shall be thoroughly and effectually drained throughout its entire length.
The ditches, culverts, and tail drains shall be made of the dimensions given in the
annexed plan of survey; or, if the size of any be omitted, it shall be made of such size
as may be approved by the Agent or Superintendent of the work.
Timber cribbing to be used for the support of the outer side of road where constructed along side-hill cuttings, when the earth is loose, with a batter of not less than
1 in 4. The same rule shall be observed in securing the inside or retaining wall (see
annexed plan.)
Ribbon pieces 6 inches in diameter, flattened 4 inches at bottom and laid along
entire length of culverts, bridges, and approaches, both sides, and well treenailed
through roadway into stringers.
The size of timbers used in eribwork shall be governed by the following rules, viz.:
The ground sills shall, in all cases, have a diameter of not less than 12 inches, the
land tics of not less than 9 inches, and the longitudinal timbers of not less than 10 inches
at their smallest ends. All timber used in eribwork to be sound and green. A proper
and solid foundation shall first be prepared for the reception of the ground sills, which
shall in all cases be at least 4 feet in length and laid at distances not exceeding 8 feet
from centre to centre, and with an inward incline of not less than 1 in 6; the outer end
of these sills shall be properly shouldered for the reception of the first tier of longitudinal timbers, which shall be properly notched on to them, and which shall in their
turn be shouldered for the reception of the land ties, which shall again be notched on
to them, and so on throughout; the intermediate spaces between the longitudinal timber
shall not exceed 4 inches in width; the outer ends of ground sills and land ties shall
have a projection of not more than six inches beyond the outer face of cribbing, which
shall in all cases have a batter of not less than 1 in 6; wherever turns occur in the
cribbing it shall be laid with a fair and regular curve, and not with angles; the upper
tier of longitudinal shall have their ends properly halved and treenailed to each other,
and the whole tier treenailed to the one below it; timber and brush will not be allowed
in filling in eribwork. 396 Correspondence—Stanley-Barkerville Waggon Road. 1883
Openings under 10 feet in width to be filled in level with the road; openings
exceeding 10 feet in width to be bridged for heaviest waggon traffic, or filled up level
with the road.
Where not definitely laid down, all bridges and approaches shall be constructed in
accordance with the general bridge specifications observed in the construction of the
Yaie-Cameronton road.
The approaches to all bridges to be solid, and, if practicable, to be in line with the
bridge for a distance of 20 yards.
The ground being previously prepared and brought to a level, is to be covered with
round or split logs, lying fair on the ground so prepared, and not above it on stringers,
unless specially sanctioned in each case, when the ground is to be similarly prepared
for the stringers, not less than 10 inches in thickness, laid even and closely spotted; to be
well brushed and covered with gravel; cedar to be used, if obtainable within reasonable
distance, if not, then spruce to be used.
All timber used in bridges, cribbing, and culverts to be barked, and perfectly sound
and of good quality.
The line of road as marked out by Mr. Jane, C.E., to be closely followed. Bridges
and culverts to be constructed where marked in the annexed plan or map. Should
there be found any omission in these specifications, then the contractor shall fulfil the
work in accordance with the rules observed in the construction of the road between
Stanley and Cottonwood bridge.
The greatest grade allowed shall be 1 in 12.
Tenders to be opened on llth Juno, 1879.
Barkerville, June 17, 1879.
Hon. G. A. Walkem.
Stanley-Barkerville Waggon Road, Section 1:—Fletcher & McNaughton's tender,
$8,600. Sureties: I. B. Nason, George Tunstall. Alexander McDonald's tender, $7,830.
Sureties named in but not signed on tender, J. C. Beedy, J. L. Shepherd.     Answer.
John Bowron.


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