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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF THE LANDS AND WORKS FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1884

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 REPORT
OF  THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
FOE  THE
Provinge of British Columbia,
FOE THE
YEAR  ENDING 31ST  DECEMBER,
1883.
VICTOEIA: Printed by Richard Wolfen-dex, Government Printer,
at tho Government Printing Office, James' Bay.
lfc.84.
18  REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF   COMMISSIONER   OF   LANDS   AND   WORKS
FOE THE  PROVINCE  OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
FOR  THE
YEAR   ENDING   31ST   DECEMBER,   1883.
To the Honourable Clement F. Cornwall, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British
Columbia.
May it Please Youe Honour,—
The Annual  Report of the  Department of Lands and Works is herewith respectfully
submitted, in compliance with the provisions of the "Public Works Amendment Act, 1873."
WM. SMITHE,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, 31st December, 1883.  47 Vic. Public Works Report. 249
REPORT
OF
PUBLIC WORKS, ROADS, BRIDGES, AND BUILDINGS,
&c, <fec, ifec.
During the past season particular attention has been directed to repairing and maintaining
existing highways, and to the construction of new roads in various parts of the Province, to
meet the requirements of increasing settlement.
It has been the aim of the. Department to carry out the different works in such a manner
as to secure the best results from the expenditure incurred. Contracts have been let where
practicable, and day labour has been performed under the direction of experienced foremen.
No very extensive loss has occurred by damage to bridges or public buildings from river
freshets or fire. They have been cared for and are in as satisfactory a condition as, under
their respective circumstances, could be expected.
Victoria City District.
Under the provisions of the Act of last Session, relative to the extension of Yates
Street through the Public School Reserve, arbitrators were appointed, by whose award the
Corporation of the City paid to the Government the sum of two thousand two hundred and
eighty-five dollars ($2,285) as compensation for land taken and fencing necessitated. A suitable
fence has been constructed between the Reserve and the projected street; Wm. Constantine,
Contractor.
In compliance with the conditions of the Act quoted, that the moneys received by the
Government for such compensation should be devoted to school purposes within the City, a
public school building has been erected in James' Bay Ward capable of seating sixty pupils.
The building is situated upon two town lots, fronting upon Kingston Street, which were the
property of the Province, being a portion of the lands conveyed to the Crown by the Hudson's
Bay Company, under the deed of surrender in 1867.
The brick addition to the Public School, which was erected last year, has been fitted with
school furniture of new and improved design, and has been since occupied by the pupils of the
High School. All the doors in the building have been re-hinged to open outwards, so as to
avoid possible accidents in the event of an alarm from fire.
The fences surrounding the reserve have been repaired, and additions and alterations
made to the out-offices, &c; Wm.  Constantine, Contractor.
General repairs have been made to the Government Buildings, James' Bay, including an
almost entire renewal of the portion occupied as offices by the Attorney-General. These
buildings are in need of extensive repairs inside and out.
Some needed alterations, fittings, and repairs have been made to the Gaol.
Government House has been kept in good condition without any material outlay. Some
improvements have been made to the grounds, and the drives have been re-gravelled.
Victoria District.
Continuous heavy traffic upon the trunk road between Victoria and Saanich, which for
some years has been but superficially repaired, necessitated an outlay commensurable with its
importance, to prevent further deterioration and to place it in a good condition for winter
travel. Tbe foundation of the road has been, in many places, restored with macadam of hard
trap rock, the roadway gravelled, ditches reformed, and culverts renewed. This work was of
a nature that could be more thoroughly performed under the supervision of experienced foremen than by contract. 250 Public "Works Report. 1883
The more important of the cross-roads in Saanich have received due attention.
Some two miles of new road have been made at Cordova Bay in continuation of the Cedar
Hill road. This will, eventually, form a connection with the Telegraph road in South Saanich,
and lead to the cultivation of valuable agricultural lands.
Portions of the Gordon Head and Cadboro Bay roads have been graded and gravelled by
contract work.
General repairs have been made to the Gorge road, Burnside and West Saanich crossroad, Mount Tolmie and other roads in the District, where required.
The superstructure of Craigflower bridge has been entirely renewed. Geo. H. Baker,
Contractor.
Esquimalt District.
No apparent deflection has taken place in the bridge built last year across the Arm at the
Gorge. The suspension rods have been screwed up, and the bridge painted with two coats of
pure lead and oil.
Point Ellice bridge has been floored with diagonal planking laid on top of the old covering.
Upon examination the chords of the bowstring bridge crossing the Sooke River were found
to be greatly decayed, the roadway and arch beams to be deflected several inches, and the
structure to be generally unsafe. Prompt measures were taken to remedy these defects, which
has been successfully accomplished at a small expense.
The Happy Valley road has been considerably improved; another season's work will make
it the favourite market road for the Metchosin farmers.
Some new grading and gravelling and general repairs have been made to various roads
and trails in different parts of the district, to meet the requirements of the settlers.
The Graving Dock.
In November, 1882, tenders were invited for the completion of the Graving Dock at
Esquimalt, to be opened on the 15th February, 1883. Neither at that date, nor subsequently,
were any tenders received.
Pending the settlement of negotiations for taking over the Dock for completion by the
Dominion Government, the work was carried on by day labour until the middle of June, when,
approaching the end of the fiscal year, it became necessary to reduce the expenditure to a
minimum, as no parliamentary provision had been made for Dock construction on the Estimates
of last Session, a sufficient force of men only being retained to complete the work of strengthening the Cofferdam then in hand, and to guard against injury to the works.
On the 24th August last the Dock was formally taken over by the representative of the
Dominion Government, on the terms of the settlement agreed upon.
Cowichan Disteict.
New school-houses have been erected at Shawnigan and Chemainus.
The wharves at Cowichan, Vesuvius Bay, and Burgoyne Bay have been repaired. The
latter it has been found necessary to entirely replace. Tenders were invited for the work, but
the bids received were so much in excess of the estimated cost that it was deemed advisable to
have the work done by competent men employed for the purpose.
An annual encroachment of the Chemainus Paver upon the trunk road has necessitated a
deflection, and the construction of about a mile of new road. The work has been performed
by Mr. T. P. Windsor, Contractor.
A portion of the trunk road in Somenos has been gravelled and otherwise improved. Mr.
Geo. Kier, Contractor.
Considerable grading and gravelling has been done upon the same road through Cowichan.
The Shawnigan, Kokasailah, and other roads in the district have been put in comparatively
good  order.    Bridges have received due attention, and old culverts replaced by new ones.
Steps have been taken to secure the early construction of a road following the beach from
Cowichan wharf to a point on the trunk road near Marshall's. This road, which is without
hills, will, on completion, be a great boon to the farmers.
Early in the present season parties were formed to repair and improve the roads in the
North and South Settlements of Salt Spring Island. 47 Vic. Publio "Works Report. 251
Preliminary arrangements have been made for opening up trunk roads on Mayne and
Galiano Islands, the settlement of which has increased very materially in the last few years.
Upon Mayne Island a school-house has been erected, suited to the present requirements
of the place.
Nanaimo District.
The exterior of the Court House and Government Office has been painted and the building
repaired.    The interior of the Government Offices have been suitably furnished.
A new bridge has been built across Millstream, on the Wellington road.
Some new work and general repairs of a somewhat extensive character have been done
upon the Victoria and Comox trunk road. The Wellington, Departure Bay, and Binnie's
roads, and the Englishman's River and Qualicum trails, have been cleared and repaired.
A new trail has been cut through to North-West Bay.
Contracts were let for the construction of a wharf and of a school-house on Gabriola Island.
The roads on this Island have been cleared and generally repaired.
Comox District.
The maintenance and repair of the roads in this district have been under the superintendence of Mr. A. Milligan, who has, as far as possible, carried out the instructions of this
Department in reference thereto.
Repairs of a general character have been made to the principal roads at the points most
required.
The wharf has again been carefully repaired, piles, planking, and braces renewed, &c,
under the direction of Mr. Fitzpatrick.
On Denman and Hornby Islands small contracts have been let for clearing and improving
the roads and trails, under the supervision of Mr. R. Swan.
New Westminster District.
Under the provisions of an Act of the Legislature (No. 12 of 1883) a joint charter has
been granted to the Corporation of the City of New Westminster and to the Municipality of
Surrey, to ply a Ferry from shore to shore on the Fraser River, between points designated, in
the vicinity of New Westminster City.
A commodious building has been erected at the joint expense of the Government and of
the Corporation of New Westminster City, for an Immigration Depot and Agricultural Hall.
New school-houses, of a character suited to the requirements of the different places, have
been erected and furnished by contract at Mud Bay, Burton's Prairie, Clover Valley, Maple
Ridge, and South Chilliwhack. The upper story of the new school at New Westminster has
been finished and furnished.
A substantial lock-up has been erected at Granville. The building contains four cells, a
mortuary, and a court room, and is surrounded by a strong, high fence.
Necessary but unimportant repairs have been made to the Court House, Government
Office, Gaol, and Insane Asylum.
The Trunk Road, from Ladner's to Hope, has been repaired and improved at various points,
but is still far from being in a satisfactory condition in some places.
Extensive forest fires resulted in great injury to roads and bridges between the North
Arm and Granville, and elsewhere in the district.
The North Arm trail and road have been cleared of fallen timber, new bridges have been
built, and satisfactory repairs made, under the direction of Mr. John Sprott.
Instrumental and explorative surveys have been made between New Westminster and
Burrard Inlet, for the purpose of determining the best location for waggon roads to connect
those points. A line to Granville, by way of False Creek trail, which has been staked out,
presents very light gradients, good alignment, and facilities for construction.
A line, deflecting from the North road towards Port Moody, has been gazetted, by which
a road with good grades can be made.
Repairs have been made to the Hastings, Granville, and North roads.
A much required piece of plank road has been made from Moodyville towards the Lillooet
trail.
Surveys have been made at Langley and at Matsqui, with a view of ascertaining the most
desirable route for projected roads, relative cost of construction and future maintenance.    The 252 Public Works Report. 1883
present aud prospective requirements of the settlements and facilities for marketing have been
factors in determining the location of these roads.
The Municipalities of Surrey, Langley, Chilliwhack, and Richmond, have each been granted
a portion of the district road appropriation, to be expended in constructing and repairing
roads, at points agreed upon, by contract wherever practicable; the work being carried out
under the direction of the Corporations, and vouchers for expenditure approved by this
Department,
At Matsqui and at Maple Ridge road work has been performed under the superintendence
of experienced foremen appointed for the purpose.
Yale District.
Railway construction having created a valuable market for the stock and produce of the
interior portions of this district, necessitated greater care in the maintenance of the more
important roads.
The Thompson-Nicola and the Cache Creek-Savona roads were, early in the season, placed
in charge of Mr. A. Stevenson, and are generally reported to be in excellent condition.
The Hope-Nicola and Similkameen cattle trails have been cleared out and repaired.
Bridges and cribbing on the former were much damaged by bush fires, and had to be renewed
at considerable expense.
The Savona's Ferry-Kamloops and Okanagan road, the North Thompson road, and the
Kamloops-Nicola road, have each received requisite repairs.
In the Osoyoos division of this district the main roads have been repaired and improved.
The road forming an outlet to the Pleasant Valley settlement, which was partly constructed
last year, has been extended and improved,
A contract has been awarded for the construction of a bridge to cross the Thompson River
a short distance below Savona's Ferry. This bridge will be about 630 feet long, the main span
being a Howe truss of 140 feet.    The contract provides for a draw or lift in one of the spans.
The Thompson River bridge at Lytton is reported to be in an unsatisfactory condition.
From the nature of its construction and defects, the only apparent remedy is an entire renewal
of the main span, which is 164 feet in length. The abutments and approaches are in a fair
state of repair.
Tenders were invited for the erection of a school-house at Lytton, but no bids were
received. The necessity for its construction being urgent, the work has been carried on by the
Department, under the direction of Mr. A. Stevenson..
Arrangements have been made for building school-houses at Nicola and South Thompson.
A survey has been made for a trail to connect Eagle Pass waggon road with the
Spallmucheen and Okanagan road. The distance is about 28 miles, the route favourable, and
the cost of construction light.
By authority of an Act passed at the last Session of the Provincial Legislature (No. 36),
an agreement has been entered into with Messrs. Ainsworth, Blasdel, and Wright, for the
construction of a waggon road through Eagle Pass, from Shuswap Lake to the Columbia River.
The contract provides for a road 12 feet in width, having no grade exceeding 1 foot in 10 feet,
with all requisite bridges, culverts, ditches, corduroy, &c, &c. The work was commenced early
in the season, and has been diligently proceeded with under the direction of a Resident
Engineer appointed by the Government, whose salary and expenses have been borne by the
Contractors. Three-fifths of the whole of the work has been completed, and certificates to that
effect have been issued by the Resident Engineer. In compensation, the Contractors have been
granted land warrants amounting to three-sixths of the total acreage agreed to be issued to
them, or 30,000 acres (nearly).
The Resident Engineers report as follows:—
Eagle Pass Waggon Road—First 14 miles from Shuswap Lake.
" This road commences at Shuswap Lake, one mile north from the mouth of Eagle River.
A suitable landing was adopted and the road graded on the shore of the lake in a convenient
position for the requirements of traffic. From the landing the road follows, on a bearing
between S. E. and N. E., the base of the ridge by which the Eagle Valley is enclosed on the
north, avoiding the soft and swampy ground on the river margin, and crossing several times
the line surveyed for the Canadian Pacific Railway eleven years ago.    Tho uglier portions of 47 Vic. Public Works Report. • 253
the river valley are of a character favourable for road making, consisting in great part of gravel
or fine rock eroded from the mountain sides. The river approaches the road at several points,
and at the 10-mile point, where the mountain bluff projects into the water, considerable rock
blasting had to be done. All the larger streams crossing the line of the road, after making due
allowance for flood level, were easily crossed by bridges of a single span. The larger culverts
were strongly constructed, and additional three log culverts were introduced at all points where
there was a probability of injury to the road from the accumulation of surface water. Corduroy
where necessary was laid down on the formed roadway without stringers, held in place by
stout ribbons, and the surface adzed off or covered with a sufficient thickness of gravel. When
consolidated by traffic, and after the necessary repairs have been executed, there is every
reason for believing that this will rank as one of the best mountain roads in the Province.
"December 18th, 1883. "Joseph Hunter."
Progress Report, Month op October, 1883.
" Satisfactory progress has been made although much broken weather occurred during the
latter portion of the month.
" Force—70 to 80 men have been employed.
" Bridges—Boulder Greek, 58 feet span at the 16|- mile.
,, Gorge Creek,     46      „ ,,        18|    ,,
„ North Fork River,   21^  miles,  1 span of 57 feet; 2  spans  of  28  feet each;
west abutment approach,   14 feet; east approach, 32 feet; total length of
bridge, 159 feet.
" Care has been taken to ensure solid foundations in all cases,  and the structures are
strong and well built.
" Culverts—30 culverts and small bridges have been built.
" Road bed—Generally in sand and gravel, and in fair condition.
" Report op Exploration to the Columbia River.
" I have examined the country between the North Fork, Eagle River, and the Columbia
River, the proposed terminal point for this road, and respectfully submit the following
suggestions and report for your consideration:—
" North Fork to 1st lake; distance 81 miles—No serious difficulties occur over this distance,
although steep side-hill between the 4| and 6| miles will necessitate cribbing; the road bed
will be on good material—sand, gravel, and boulders.
" 1st Lake; length, 1 mile—Steep side-hill the whole way. The Railway line and waggon
road would both follow the north shore, and would be nearly on the same ground.
" 1st Lake to western end of 2nd Lake (Three Valley Lake), distance, 2 miles—First half
mile steep and rocky, then good 1J miles to west end of 2nd lake; road bed, sand and gravel,
principally.
" 2nd Lake (Lake of Three Valleys); length, 2 miles—Waggon road and Railway on
north shore, and generally on same ground. \\ miles steep, rocky side-hill, f of a mile
almost one continuous bluff. South side of this lake impracticable. Precipitous bluffs at
western end.
" Eastern end of 2nd Lake to No. 3 Lake (Rocky Lake); distance, 2| miles—First \ mile
rough and rocky; |- mile swampy; 2 miles good; road bed generally, sand and gravel.
" Rocky Lake (No. 3); length, |- mile—Railway line follows south shore. Waggon road
would be on same ground. This may be all classed solid rock and rocky bluffs, and would be
extremely difficult and heavy work.
" Summit Lake, No. 4 from Rocky Lake, distance, 1 mile—\ mile swampy; f good; road
bed good; material, sand and gravel.
" No. 4, Summit Lake; length, 1^ miles—South shore Railway line and road on same
ground. All very steep bluffs and slides. Last \ mile one continuous bluff; requiring gallery
work for road in many places.    North shore impracticable; rock bluffs and siide-.
"Summit Lake (No. 4) to Big Eddy, Columbia River; distance, 6 miles—First 1J miles
fair work; 1J to 3rd mile swampy, requiring cross laying; 3rd to 6th mi.e fair work, road bed
(excepting swamp) good.
"SUKMAiiY.
" Lakes Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4; lsngth, 4| miles; distances betv eea, 20 mi'es built of .his to
date, 2 miles, road to complete to Columbia River, living out the iakes, 18 miles. 254 Public Works Report. 1883
" Remarks.
" I desire to call your attention to the fact that a waggon road built along the shores of
the four lakes mentioned will, in nearly every point, be directly on the Railway line, and as
this line will be very shortly in course of construction during the progress of that work, it
would be impossible to operate the waggon road owing to its proximity to the Railway. I
would, therefore, strongly recommend that the Contractors be allowed to place scows or barges,
propelled by oars, capable of carrying passengers, animals, and freight, on each of the four
lakes above mentioned, as by this means a through communication would be insured at an
early date, as there would be little difficulty in reaching the Big Eddy, on the Columbia River,
by end of July, next year, with a working force of 100 to 120 men.
" I have chosen the Big Eddy, on the Columbia River, as the terminal point for this
road, as it affords the best wharfage ground and landing place for steamers; is the nearest
point to the mouth of Eagle Pass, and, in my opinion, within easy reach of the Railway line
at its crossing of the Columbia River.
" I have made a very careful examination of the entire route, both going to and returning
from the Big Eddy, and trust my views will meet your approval.
" I am, &c,
" C. E. Peeey, C. E.,
"Superintending Engineer."
The Government reserve at Lambly's Landing, now known as Belvedere, has been laid
out in lots, each having a width of two chains, and varying from half an acre to one acre in size.
A survey for a trail and future waggon road has been made between Belvedere and Eagle
Pass waggon road.    The work is pronounced to be favourable in all respects.
Main Trunk Road.
The maintenance of the lower sections of the Cariboo Trunk Road by contract, proving,
in many points, most unsatisfactory, was discontinued in March last, and the work has since
been carried on under the direction of the former Superintendents of these sections, to the
generally expressed satisfaction of freighters and others.
From Cache Creek to Soda Creek, sections 3 and 4, Mr. James Robertson has been in
charge, and his road is reported to be in good order.
Mr. W. A. Johnston has satisfactorily carried on his contract for the maintenance of
sections 5 and 6, between Soda Creek and Barkerville.
Lillooet District.
Roads and trails throughout this district are reported to be in excellent condition. The
season has been exceptionally dry, a circumstance which has been taken advantage of by
Superintendent Allen to do extensive grading and gravelling, as well as to renew several
bridges and culverts. Some heavy cribbing has been done on the Lillooet-Clinton road,
opposite Bridge River.
Cayoosh Creek bridge, which was carried away by last year's freshet, has been rebuilt by
Superintendent Robertson at a higher level than it formerly occupied. Mr. Robertson has
been instructed to replace Bridge River bridge during low water this winter.
Cariboo District.
The trails throughout this district have been kept during the season in exceptionally good
repair owing, in a great measure, to the unusually dry summer. All trails have received more
or less attention as their importance demanded, and essential improvements made on some of
them.
A long-felt want has been supplied in the construction of about two miles of new trail
along Antler Creek, from Nason's Co. claim upwards. The work was difficult and expensive,
owing to the rocky and precipitous nature of the route.
Work of considerable importance has been done in cutting out and grading in places along
the line of proposed road between Barkerville and Stanley, via Slough Creek.
A contract has been let for clearing out the fallen timber and improving the trail between
Quesnellemouth and Omineca, 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 255
About three miles of the Chilcotin trail has been made into a waggon road from 10 to 12
feet wide.
The road between Soda Creek and Hawk's Ranch, and the trail leading thence to
Williams Lake, have been placed in good condition.
The new Government buildings have been furnished, and some additions made to the gaol.
Cassiar District.
The trails in this district are reported to have been kept in fair order during the season.
On Thibert Creek more than usual work was required on account of extensive slides.
The Dease Lake and river trail, from the head of Dease Lake  to  Sylvester's  Landing, at
the mouth of McDame Creek, has been thoroughly cleared of fallen timber and repaired.
All necessary work on various trails has, as far as possible, been performed.
Kootenay Disteict.
Early in the season, the Government Agent at Wild Horse Creek was instructed to have
the different trails cleared out and other usual and necessary work of that nature performed,
which has been done.
Public attention having been directed to the importance of this, district, and proposals
having been received by the Government from capitalists relative to the acquisition of certain
marsh lands on the Kootenay River for the purpose of extensive reclamation and colonization,
it was deemed advisable to have a reconnassiance made with a view of obtaining necessary information concerning this, to some extent, terra incognita. The report of Mr. Farewell, who
was dispatched on this service is given below:—
" Victoeia, B. C,
" December, 31st, 1883,
"To the Honourable the Chief Commissimier of Lands and Works :
" Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with your letter of the 14th
July last, instructing me to proceed with all convenient dispatch to the Kootenay bottom lands
lying between the International Boundary and Kootenay 'Lake, and ' there make such surveys
' as may be necessary to enable you to report upon the extent and character of the valley on
' each side of the river, the approximate area of the lands subject to overflow, and the average
' depth of flood water, and upon the nature and magnitude of the operations necessary to re-
' claim the submerged lands, together with any information bearing on the subject which you
' may gather,' I left Victoria on the morning of the 16th July, and arrived at Portland on the
evening of the 17th. Leaving Portland at 7.30 a. m. on the 18th, I reached Sand Point, Idaho
Territory at 8 a. m. on the 19th. This portion of the journey was over the Northern Pacific
Railway; the distance from Portland to Sand Point being 445 miles. Sand Point is a small
railway town built on the north shore of Pend d'Oreille Lake. Mr. G. M. Sproat (who travelled
in company with me) and I here joined Mr. W. A. Baillie-Grohman, with whom arrangements
had been made to provide us with transport, <ic.
" We left Sand Point on the 19th July, and camped at Bonner's Ferry, on Kootenay
River, on the 20th, travelling through Pack River Pass, a distance of about forty miles. The
altitude of Sand Point above sea level, by the N. P. R. survey, is 2,050 feet; the rise thence to
the summit of Pack River Pass, is 140 feet, and Bonner's Ferry is 440 feet lower than the
summit; making the altitude of Bonner's Ferry 1,750 feet. A railway can be easily constructed
through this pass. No engineering difficulties exist; and, with the exception of clearing the
dense growth of timber, the work will be light. I found a great difference of opinion as to
what is good or valuable timber. From an Idaho and Montana standpoint, the timber in the
neighbourhood of Sand Point, and that in Pack River Pass, is large, valuable, and exceptionally
good; the reason being, I imagine, that there are vast tracts of land on the line of the
JS'orlhern Pacific Railway entirely destitute of timber. From my own point of view, taking
the groves of Douglas fir, &c, on the shore of Burrard Inlet, Howe Sound, and different places
on Vancouver Island, as a standard, I consider the Idaho timber of a very inferior quality; n
other words, during the whole of my journey I have not seen a piece of timber land a Burraid
Inlet logger would put a camp into. Pack River Pass is thickly timbered throughout, with
occasional burnt patches, with tamarack or western .arch, whLe pine, Douglas fir, cedar, black
pine, <fcc.    The trees are generally small, 256 Public Works Report. 1883
" I left the ferry on the 22nd July, and travelled in a boat down Kootenay River to the
lake; thence to the outlet, and down the outlet 20 miles to the first rapids, arriving there on
the 30th.
" The whole country appeared to be on fire, and the smoke so dense it was scarcely possible
to see anything at a distance of two hundred yards. It was with the greatest difficulty that I
could measure the width of the stream at the rapids, though only 317 feet. After coasting-
round a portion of the lake, and visiting the 'Mine' on the east side of Kootenay Lake, I returned
to McLoughlin's, on the boundary line, on the 18th August. The smoke, if anything, was
thicker than ever, and I decided to accompany Mr. G. M. Sproat to the Columbia Lakes. We
started on the 21st, and travelled by the Moyea Trail to Joseph's Prairie; thence down the
Columbia about 15 miles, below the Lower Columbia Lake. Returning, we travelled south, down
the Upper Kootenay to Elk River; turning back we reached McLoughlin's on the 6th October
The smoke at this time had nearly entirely disappeared, and I again proceeded to the ' Mine,
thence to the outlet and rapids, thence back up Kootenay River, reaching Bonner's Ferry on
the 28th, and Sand Point on the 30th October. 1 left the Point on the same night, and
arrived at Victoria on the 3rd November.
" Kootenay River.
" Kootenay River, between Bonner's Ferry and Kootenay Lake, is a magnificent stretch
of inland navigable water. Its average width is over 600 feet, and in sharp bends it is
considerably wider. The first ten miles below the ferry is shallow, compared with the lower
portion of the river. From the boundary line careful soundings were taken to the lake, and
with the exception of a bar at the mouth of the river, the main channel was found to average
over sixty feet in depth. On the bar the water shoaled to four, three and a half, and three
fathoms. These soundings were taken on the 25th and 26th July. On the 10th of October
the water had fallen eight feet, and would probably fall four feet more before ordinary low
water was reached.
" There are no obstructions whatever in the river, except a few snags, which could be
removed for a very small sum. The distance from Bonner's Ferry to McLoughlin's at the
boundary line, by water, is about 50 miles, thence to the lake 30 miles, down the lake to the
outlet 35 miles, outlet to the 'Mine' 10 miles, ' Mine' to north end of lake, say 25 miles.
This makes an uninterrupted water stretch of 150 miles, suitable forthe travel of the largest
inland steamers. .
" The current in the river on the 20th July was slow, not probably, exceeding one mile
an hour.    In the latter end of October it was scarcely perceptible.
" There is very little fall between Bonner's Ferry and the lake. The mean reading of
26 observations, taken with a compensated Aneroid Barometer, at McLoughlin's, and 53 on
Kootenay Lake, gave the same altitude, viz.: 1,750 feet above sea level. Judging from the
banks, I estimate that there is a fall of about 8 feet from the Ferry to the boundary, and 4
feet from the boundary to the mouth of -the river.
" The  Kootenay  Bottom Lands.
" These bottom lands extend from a short distance above Bonner's Ferry, on both sides of
the river (generally speaking) to Kootenay Lake., A successful reclamation scheme would
benefit the lands subject to overflow, to the south of the International Boundary Line, as much,
if not more, than those lying to the north of said line.
" I roughly estimate the bottom lands in Idaho Territory at about 65,000 acres, and the
bottom lands subject to overflow, between the boundary line and Kootenay Lake, at 45,000
acres, exclusive of rivers, sloughs, and permanent lakes. I enclose herewith a sketch map of
the country from the 49th parallel of north latitude to Kootenay Lake, drawn to a scale of
half an inch to one statute mile. From a good observation I made the latitude of the small
island in Kootenay Lake, near the mouth of the canal, 49° 17' north.
" This makes the distance, in a direct line, following the general run of the valley, 20
miles from the boundary to the lake. The course of the river is very tortuous from McLoughlin's
to Rocky Point. Here the river divides, the main stream following the foot-hills pn the east
side ; the other branch follows a comparatively straight course down the centre of the valley
to the lake, forming a large island.    This channel is commonly known as the ' Canal.'
" There is no doubt Kootenay Lake at one time extended to Bonner's Ferry, and the
south end of it has been gradually filled up with alluvium. This process is still going on, as
shown by the large mud flats at the mouth of the river.    The whole of these flats, from t.ie boundary to the lake, are practically worthless on account of the annual flooding they are
subject to. Natural grasses can be cut for hay on the higher portions of the ground ; and
before and after high-water, stock can obtain feed in certain places, but any attempt at
agriculture would be futile. There are four principal flats of the following approximate
average:
" No. 1. On the right bank of Kootenay River, between the boundary and Goat River,
9,000 acres.
" No. 2. On the right bank of the river, between Goat River and the lake,  15,000 acres.
" No. 3.  On the left bank, from the boundary northward, six miles, 8,000 acres.
" No. 4. From the last flat to Rocky Point, 8,000 acres.
" The big island at the mouth of the river contains about 5,000 acres. These flats,
including the island, are open prairies, with fringes of cottonwood and brush, varying in
width from a few yards to three or four chains.
"In the middle of July the greater portion of these flats was covered with water, with
the exception of No. 3. Probably one-half of this tract was nearly dry. At the end of
October a great deal of these lands was still under water, although the river had fallen over
eight feet and was still falling. One noticeable peculiarity is, that the main river banks are
considerably higher than the land towards the foot-hills. Another is that the streams
coming in on both sides of the valley, with the exception of Goat River, have no visible outlets into the Kootenay River. This causes the water to remain on the land long after the
river has fallen below its level.
"The water during the past season did not attain its usual height by about eight feet.
The flooding of these bottom lands is caused by the water accumulating in Kootenay Lake
faster than the outlet can discharge it. The first annual rise in the lake is caused by the
snow-water flowing in by its numerous tributaries. Before this water has time to run down
the summer freshets increase the volume of Kootenay River, and raise the lake still higher.
"From Mr. McLoughlin, I learnt that the land near the lake is first submerged, and as
the lake fills up the water gradually approaches the boundary, and so on up the valley, showing
clearly that the contracted waterway of the outlet is the main cause of the difficulty. The
water did not rise over the banks at the boundary last summer, but in ordinary years, as far
I could judge from the silt on the cottonwood trees, it covers them about four feet deep. This
height of water would convert all the bottom lands into a vast lake.
■'The Soil.
"The soil is very good, being a rich loam, strongly impregnated with lime. Three miles
below the boundary I saw several stalks of club wheat. These stalks, though self-sown, bore
a very good sample of wheat with long full heads. Natural grasses, red top, blue joint, etc.,
grow luxuriantly on the higher portions of the flats.
"On the foot-hills close to the bottom lands, Mr. McLoughlin raises good potatoes, wheat,
onions,, tobacco, etc. Mr. Richard Fry, who resides at Bonner's Ferry, grows all kinds of
vegetables successfully. On the 8th August last he had ripe peas and beans in his garden,
tomatoes, cabbages, cucumbers, etc. The soil is of a great depth. Nowhere along the river
bank can the slightest sign of gravel or sand be detected. At the boundary, on the 10th
October, the banks were 15 feet high, and the soil appeared the same from the top of the bank
to the water level.
" Climate.
"It is difficult to arrive at any very accurate idea of the climate in Lower Kootenay, as
no regular meteorological observations have been recorded.
"The summer is represented to be warm with occasionally showery days. The winter is
cold, the thermometer probably reaching 20° below zero. The snow fall is not great, generally
settling down to eighteen inches or two feet. Mr. W. G. Hall, the only settler north of the
line, has a pre-emption claim situated half a mile north of the boundary, and three miles east
from Kootenay River. Both Mr. Hall and Mr. McLoughlin cheerfully gave any information
on this subject they possessed; but neither of them having any meteorological instruments,
some of their statements were merely conjectural.
"Mr. John Russell, a merchant at Sand Point, passed the winter of 1880-81 at Bonner's
Ferry, and was provided with maximum and minimum thermometers. He informed me that
the lowest reading of the thermometer  was 14° below zero.     Snow fell in November, but 258 Public Works Report. 1888
disappeared in a few days. The regular winter fall commenced about Christmas, reached a
depth of two feet in February, and disappeared about the first of April. From the appearance of the timber, I imagine the climate is somewhat similar to that of Kamloops, with
probably a greater rainfall in summer, and a slightly higher temperature in winter.
"The Foot-hills.
"On the right bank of Kootenay River, between the boundary and Goat River, there is a
stretch of low, hilly country, containing about 10,000 acres. The soil is a stiffish clay, on
which wheat has been raised by Mr. G. W. Hall. The land is thickly wooded with tamarack,
yellow pine, Douglas fir, black pine, &c. This timber is of no value except for farm or other
local purposes. The remaining foot-hills, on both sides of the valley clown to the lake, are
steep, rocky, and covered with scrub timber. There are occasional points on which houses and
out-buildings might be erected. There is no high grazing land in this locality, that is north of
the boundary line.
"Kootenay Lake.
"Kootenay Lake is about sixty-five miles long, and varies in width from two to five miles.
From the mouth of Kootenay River, the general course of the lake is N. 45° W. to Cape Horn,
opposite the outlet; distance, thirty-five miles. The shore on both sides is very steep, and in
many places bluffs of rock jut into the water. The timber is scrubby, and of no economic
value. A large area of the mountain sides has been burnt completely bare. The formation on
the west side is granitic, throughout the entire distance. There is not a single acre of land
suitable for cultivation on either side of this portion of the lake. From Cape Horn to the
'Mine,' a distance of ten miles, the timber improves in quality a little, but is worthless
except for mining or other local works. The rock changes to quartzite and limestone formations. There is no agricultural land on either side of the lake, throughout this distance, except
about half an acre at the 'Hot Springs.' The 'Hot Springs' are on the west side of the lake,
and bear S. 35° W. from the 'Mine,' distant four miles. These springs are very warm, and
the overflow from them has deposited a thick crust, nearly as hard as ordinary rock, on the
shore of the lake. I brought some of this deposited matter to Victoria. H. L. Jones, Esq.,
(of Langley & Co., Victoria), has kindly examined it, and pronounces it nothing but pure lime.
The lake, from the "Mine" to its northern extremity, is about twenty miles long, but I regret
to say I was unable to inspect that portion of it. From reliable sources, I understand that
there is a little land at the mouth of the Lardeaux River, and that the timber o l the side hills
improves in quality; there is also some tolerably clear cedar on the low ground.
"The Outlet.
"The outlet of Kootenay Lake is directly opposite Cape Horn, and its general bearing to
the 'Narrows,' two and a half miles from the lake, is S. 45° W. The width of the waterway
near the lake, on the 28th July, was 1,222 feet. The channel here is deep, in the centre
varying from eight to eleven fathoms and one-half. Between the outlet and the 'Narrows,'
the channel widens out in places to three-quarters of a mile.
"At the 'Narrows,' the channel contracts considerably. On the 21st October, it was only
341 feet wide. The distance between the extreme high water marks, on either side, is 426 feet.
The deepest water at this point is seven fathoms. From the 'Narrows' to the first rapids, a
distance of about 17^ miles, the waterway is more crooked, the general bearing being about 30
to 40 degrees west of south. The width varies from a quarter of a mile to one mile and a half.
There are several streams coming in on either side, and where they occur long, gravelly and
sandy points set out into the channel, narrowing it down in places to a quarter of a mile; but
at these places the channel is deep, being in no case less than eight fathoms.
"The hills on both sides of the outlet are very steep and rugged, with occasional long
stretches of bluff granite rock. The timber has been nearly all burnt off, and what remains is
of a very poor quality—small tamarack, yellow pine, white pine, Douglas fir, cedar, black pine,
&c.    From the lake to the rapids there is no agricultural land whatever.
. "This piece of water can be easily traversed with steamboats of any size. The current is
slight, with the exception of a short distance at the 'Narrows.' On the 1st August, it was
running at that point about 2| miles an hour. At any rate we pulled a large batteau through
the 'Narrows' on that date, with four oars, without much difficulty. I may~ state here, that
my view of the first twenty miles of the outlet being navigable for steamboats is borne out by 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 259
the explorations made by Walter Moberly, Esq., C.E., in 1865.     On his map of Columbia
River, drawn by Mr. James Turnbull, this fact is stated.
"Reclaiming the Kootenay Bottoms.
"The work of reclaiming these lands will be expensive and difficult. In the first place,
matters must be so arranged that the water in Kootenay Lake shall not materially rise above
its lowest stage under existing circumstances. As before stated, the first rise in the
lake is caused by the snow melting on the surrounding mountains, and draining
into it by numerous small tributaries. The second by the flood water of Kootenay
River. The difference of level of the water in the lake, between extreme high water and
dead low water, is from 18 to 20 feet. Last season was a particularly dry one, no rain falling
with the exception of a shower or two from the 2nd May to the beginning of October. At
Bonner's Ferry the water reached its highest stage on the 27th of June; on the 28th it fell two
inches.
"The water in the lake commenced to fall on the 1st July. In the beginning of August
the water was falling at the rate of 2\ inches in twenty-four hours, at the outlet, close to the
lake; 1.54 inches in twenty-four hours, at a point immediately below the "Narrows," and 1.78
inches in the same space of time at the rapids.
"The sectional area of the water-way in high water at Bonner's Ferry is about 12,500 feet;
at the 'Narrows' 12,000 feet; and at the 'Rapids,' 13,000 feet. To enable one to form an
accurate idea of the cost of sufficient widening the channel at the 'Narrows' and the first
'Rapids' it would be absolutely necessary to watch the action of the water from the first
rising in the spring of the year to the time of its reaching its lowest stage in the autumn.
This of course I was unable to do, still I am in a position to state that the cost of^the work
must be heavy.
"At the 'Narrows' to widen the stream 250 feet would necessitate the removal of some
116,000 cubic yards of small boulders, gravel and sand.
"At the 'Rapids,' the left shore is bluff rock, about forty feet in height. The right bank is
low, and consists of large granite boulders and gravel; the boulders vary in weight, from 50
pounds to a ton. This place has the appearance of being at some distant period, over half a
mile wide, and since filled up with immense boulders by glacial action. To widen this
channel 200 feet, it would be necessary to remove about 200,000 cubic yards of material.
I have gone into these approximate figures in order to disperse an idea that a few charges of
powder were only required to remove the obstructions in the outlet. The fall immediately
below the rapids is heavy, and no difficulties in my opinion can exist below that point.
"The cost of removing the above mentioned material at the 'Narrows' and the 'Rapids,'
calculated on the prices received for excavating similar material by the contractors for the
construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, from Emory to Savona Ferry, would be as
follows:—
"Excavating and removing 116,000 cubic yards, gravel and small
boulders with sand @ 30 cents      $34,800
"Excavating and removing 100,000 cubic yards @ 30 cents        30,000
"Excavating and removing 100,000 cubic yards of loose rock @ 75
cents per cubic yard        75,000
$139,800
"Widening these narrow places would no doubt materially assist in reducing the height of
the water in Kootenay Lake; but to thoroughly reclaim the bottom lands, I am of opinion, it
will be necessary to divert the Upper Kootenay into the Upper Columbia Lake. The Upper
Kootenay drains a large area. It rises in the centre of the Rocky Mountains and runs in a
southerly direction about one hundred miles before it breaks through the range into the
Columbia and Kootenay valley to the west of the main chain.
"Although the water was unusually low this year, the crossing was not fordable for
animals until the 1st of August. On the 15th September there was a very strong current in
the river, and water above our horses bellies. Following down the Kootenay from the upper
crossing to the lake, the following tributaries are crossed: On the right bank, Findlay Creek,
St. Mary's River, Yaka River and the Moyea. On the left bank, Sheep Creek, Wild Horse
Creek, Bull River, Sand Creek, Elk River, Tobacco River, and Musula Creek. All these
streams though of a considerable size for a short time during high water, run down very
rapidly.    Elk River has the largest volume of water, but in the middle of September was not 260 Public Works Report. 188S
as large a stream as the Kootenay at the crossing by one-half. The Kootenay, on issuing
from the Rocky Mountains crosses the valley nearly at right angles and then turns abrubtly to
the south.
"The valley is about one mile and a quarter wide, its length from the river to the Upper
Columbia Lake is nearly two miles. The ground is flat and thinly studded with yellow
pine trees from 1 to 2 feet in diameter. The soil is sandy, with gravel a short distance from
the surface.
"There is a fall of over twenty feet from the river to the lake, that is from the east side
where the river- first enters it. The river itself has considerable fall in its course across the
valley. There is a popular idea in Kootenay that the work of turning this river can be accomplished for the sum of $10,000.
"With this opinion I respectfully beg to differ. To estimate the cost of this work with
any degree of accuracy, it would be necessary to make correct plans and profiles of the ground,
also to sink trial pits on the line of the proposed canal. At any rate, a channel would have to
be excavated two miles long, 90 feet wide, to an average depth of 10 feet at least, which would
give 316,800 yards of material to be removed. In addition to this, a substantial dam would
be required, about 350 feet long, and from 6 to 20 feet high,
" What effect turning this quantity of water into the Columbia Lakes may have on the
low lands on the Upper Columbia, it is hard to say. It would probably destroy some patches
of meadow land, but the improvement to the navigation would more than offset such a loss.
Major Rodgers, Chief Engineer of the Pacific Division of the Canadian Pacific Railway, informed me that he saw no objection to such a work being undertaken, so far as it would interfere with his railway bridges on the Columbia, these structures having to be placed at such a
height as to make the question of a little water, more or less, a matter of no consequence.
" Turning this river would greatly improve the bottom lands, between the crossing and
the boundary, and increase the quantity of meadow land between these points.
" In the event of these works being carried out, and the water in the lake being so far
reduced as to prevent the annual flooding the bottom lands are now subject to, a considerable
expenditure will be required to open outlets to all the mountain streams between the boundary
and the lake. It will be necessary also to construct large catchwater drains along the foothills, and numerous other drains across the flats, in order to clear them of surface water.
" The Kootenay Mines.
" The ' mine,' or the ledge, as it is generally called, is situated about ten miles north from
Cape Horn, and on the west side of Kootenay Lake. The lead has been traced on the surface
for about a mile, on the east side of a hill. This hill juts into the lake, with a low valley
running to the east of it, from water to water. It has the appearance of being upheaved and
broken off from the neighbouring mountains.
" The rock strata, quartzite and limestone, dip towards the lake, at an angle of about 40
degrees. The outcroppings on the Bluebell claim, are 236 feet above the lake level. No work
of any consequence has been done on this ledge during the past season, all the claimants to the
ground having been engaged in law suits before the Gold Commissioner. Some ten or twelve
claims have been recorded on the west side of the lake, opposite the big ledge. At the mine,
I met Captain Brown, a well-known mineralogist and assayer of San Francisco, who was
engaged by Messrs. Ainsworth k Co. to test the ore on the big ledge. He spoke favourably of
the mining prospects in this locality. He did not consider the galena deposits as confined to
the big ledge, but was of opinion, from the appearance of the formation, that other mines of
equal, if not greater, ■ value, would be discovered within a radius of 10 or 15 miles. That
the cost of smelting would be moderate, on account of the large supply of suitable timber.
A large bed of clay, near the mine, he pronounced to be of excellent quality, suitable for
fire-brick, and containing kaolin.
" In conversation on the existing Provincial mining laws, Captain Brown considered the
"Mineral Amendment Act, 1883," a very good measure, and if it had not been disallowed by
the Dominion authorities, over one hundred men he was personally acquainted with, would
have been prospecting in the Kootenay Lake country, during the past season. On the Upper
Columbia, I met a Mr. Arthur Isaacs, one of the owners of a mineral claim located on Spall-
umcheen River. This river runs into the Upper Columbia River, on its left bank, about 50 miles
below the Lower Columbia Lake. Mr. Isaacs, who is an experienced Colorada miner, expressed
himself very strongly against our mining laws, considering it a particular hardship to have to
represent the ground every seventy-two hours.    I met many prospectors and miners, both  on 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 261
Kootenay Lake and the Upper Columbia, and they were unanimous in condemning the present
laws relating to minerals found in lodes or veins. They considered that a certain amount of
work, say to the value of $100 or more, performed on a claim, in sinking or drifting on the
ledge, should entitle the recorded holder of it to retain his ground for the term of a year
without further representation. This work it was pointed out, should be defined, that is to
say, the size of the shaft to be sunk or the adit driven, should be set forth in the Act, in order
that the Gold Commissioner might be relieved from the responsibility of assessing the value of
the work done.
"The laws in force in Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Montana, and other States and Territories
of the United States, contain provisions of this character, and have been found to work well.
"I have the honour to be,
"Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
"A. S. FARWELL."
Further particulars and details of the various works within mentioned are hereto subjoined.
Victoria City District.
Fencing South Side of Yates Street, through the School Reserve.
Wm. Constantine, Contractor, $445.
To take down and remove the fence across Yates Street on the west boundary of the
Reserve.
To put up a similarly constructed fence, with entrance gate, &c, &c, across the school
carriage drive, and to paint the same in two-coat work.
To put up 830 feet of undressed picket fence, 6 feet high, having three rails,  base and
battens.
To have an entrance gate opening into a cattle guard.    All material and labour furnished
by the Contractor.
Works and Repairs at the Public School, Victoria.
Wm. Constantine, Contractor, $465.
To make all necessary excavations for closet vault, post holes, &c.
To build the walls of closet vault of best quality rubble stones, laid up with strong mortar.
To  put up a closet   of   the dimensions  shown  on  drawings and   as per  specification,
surrounded by lattice fence, and paint all in two coat work.
To remove the turnstiles at the Fort and View street entrances, and to replace them with
three small gates as designated.
To put up 100 feet of close board fence, 6 feet high; to put up 150 feet of new picket
fencing, and to repair existing fences generally.
Public School, James' Bay Ward.
D. F, Adams, Contractor, $1,375.
To provide all plant, labour and material necessary to erect and complete a frame building
28 m 50 feet, upon brick piers rising from stone footings; enclosed with rustic siding;
lathed, plastered and hard finished; painted in two-coat work throughout; divided by
a partition into a large class-room and vestibule; wainscoted all round over mortar
coat; double floor; ceiling 16 feet high; finished with blackboard all round school-room,
map pulleys, cloak hooks, &c, &c.
The contract includes the construction of fences and out-buildings.
19 Victoria  District.
Craigflower Bridge Repairs.
George H. Baker, Contractor,
This contract included the removal of the entire old superstructure of the bridge, which
is 380 feet long, and replacing the same with new material, as specified. An agreement
was afterwards made with the contractor to drive twenty-one new piles at $7 each.
Gordon Head Road Repairs.
James Baker, Contractor, $659.
Forming and re-grading 960 yards; gravelling 960 yards, 9feetwide, 6 inches deep; stoning
71 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; ditching, &c, &c.
Cadboro Bay Road Repairs.
Noel LeClair, Contractor, $470.
Forming and grading 775 yards, 20 feet wide ; gravelling 775 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches
deep ; making three new culverts, raking in gravel, and ditching.
North Saanich Wharf Repairs.
Wm. Clark, Foreman.
Replacing all unsound piles and lengthening the wharf, changing the position of tho slip,
and generally repairing the structure.
New Gorge Road.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
Macadamizing 570 yards, and forming road;
Ditching 370 yards, 8 inches deep, and 18 inches wide;
"       100      "   12      "        "      "    12      "        "
Deepening 250 yards of ditching 8 inches.
Blasting 240 cubic yards rock for road metal.
Macadamizing 150 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep ;
a 260     "     12    "    " 6    "        "
Gravelling 410 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
. .. igo    "      10   "      "     4      "       "
Dressing gravel on new Gorge road, and general repairs to Gorge road from Burnside
Cross road to Dodd's.
Saanich Road, between Royal Oak and Company's Hill.
W.  H.  Snider, Foreman.
Cutting down Company's Hill about 12 inches, and macadamizing it 520 yards, 14 feet
wide, 7 inches deep ; clearing out ditches on both sides of road; making one new culvert
near Royal Oak, 26 feet long, by 2 feet, by 18 inches.
Saanich Road, between Company's Hill and McKenzie's Gate.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Macadamizing 400 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep; gravelling 1,825 yards, 12 feet
wide, 6 inches deep; making two culverts, 22 feet long, by 2 feet 6 inches, by 18 inches
deep.
Saanich Road, between McKenzie's Gate and City Boundary.
W. H. Snider, Foreman,
Cutting down hills, filling in hollow, and widening road; gravelling 1,052 yards, 12 feet
wide, 6 inches deep; making two culverts near Swan Lake, and lengthening one at the
brick-yard. 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 263
S.4ANICH Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Lowering water-pipes at brick-yard hill; cutting down hill near Topaze Avenue;
macadamizing 50 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; widening embankment in front
of brick-yard ; metalling road from Pollard's to city boundary ; macadamizing 575 yards,
12 to 16 feet wide, 6 to 8 inches deep.
Cadboro Bay Road (from City boundary to the Willows).
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Gravelling 1,016 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep; repairing one bridge with 7 new
stringers ; making one new culvert near Lee's Road.
Clover Point Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Grading 650 yards, 18 to 20 feet in width.
Lindsay's Ceoss Road.   ■
W. A. Snider, Foreman.
Macadamazing 1,031 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; grading 631 yards, 16 feet wide;
ditching on both sides; making one new culvert, 18 feet long,   12 m 12 inches in clear.
Buenside Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Macadamizing 76 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; filling holes, ruts, &c, with rock.
Saanich Road (near brick-yard).
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Filling holes, ruts, &c, with rock,
Peospect Lake Road.
W. H. Snider, Foreman.
Repairing and general improvements.
West Saanich Road.
Julius Brethour, Foreman.
Repairing road, gravelling, and repairing two bridges on the West Saanich road, in the
vicinity of Mount Newton, also blazing out new road around Mount Newton on the
east side ; grading 90 yards, 19 feet wide; gravelling 90 yards, 10 feet wide, 11 inches
deep ; repairing West Road from Wain's to Mount Newton Hotel; grubbing and
grading 225 yards, 16 feet wide ; gravelling 225 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
making two culverts, 18 feet long, 2 feet 6 inches wide, 18 inches deep.
Repairing bridges; building three bridges, averaging 16 feet long, 16 feet wide, 9 feet
high, built of fir timber and covered with 3-inch plank ; two of the bridges have hand-
railing ; making two culverts, 20 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 2 feet in depth; filling in
with earth 150 feet by 18 feet in width, and removing fallen timber.
East Saanich Road,
Grubbing, grading, gravelling, and general repairs.
Ceoss Road at School-House.
Removing stones; grading 60 yards, 16 feet wide; gravelling 60 yards, 8 feet wide, 6
inches deep.
McTavish's Ceoss Road.
Grubbing, gravelling, and repairing generally; blasting, removing rock and grading
approach to North Saanich wharf; grading 75 yards, 16 feet wide; gravelling 175
yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; making one culvert, 16 feet long, 2 feet wide, 12
inches deep. 264 Public Works Report. 1883
East Saanich Road.
William Thomson, Foreman.
Grading from Simpson's to Elk Lake ; gravelling 1,748 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep
clearing ditches and culverts; repairing road from Heal's to Elk Lake ; gravelling
2,500 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; 800 yards of the gravel was hauled over two
miles ; clearing ditches for 750 yards, and rolling off several trees ; trimming gravel for
three miles.
Mount Newton Ceoss Road.   ..
William Thomson, Foreman.
Gravelling 400 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep; all holes and ruts filled from Henderson's
to Simpson's; all culverts and ditches cleared.
West Saanich Road.
William Thomson, Foreman.
Gravelling 1,250 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep ; repairing culvert, &c, near Dillon's
farm.
Telegeaph Road.
William Thomson, Foreman
Gravelling 650 yards, 9 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Beown's Ceoss Road.
William Thomson, Foreman.
Grubbing out large tree ; gravelling 200 yards,  9 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; making one
new  culvert,   15  feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 inches deep; repairing two culverts,  and
filling up three which were useless.
Esquimalt District.
Happy Valley Road Repairs.
Wm. Calvert, Contractor, $425.
Grading and forming, 560 yards, 16 feet wide; stone filling, 66 yards; gravelling, 320
yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; cutting clown a hill 4 feet deep and making an em
bankment 3 feet high and 20 feet wide; grubbing and cutting out roots, 200 yards, 20
feet wide; making a culvert, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Point Ellice Beidge Repaies.
McKillican & Anderson, Contractors, $400.
To lay 3-inch diagonal planking on top of old flooring, 9 feet wide and 625 feet in length,
spike down and bevel the ends; to repair any defects in the hand-railing, &c, &c.
Craigflower Road.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Cutting and removing brush and timber along south side of road, 250 yards; filling holes
with gravel and general repairs.
Sooke Road.
Cutting brush 75 yards, 14 feet wide; putting stringers in Swamp Bridge, and repairing
hand-rail; making 1 culvert, 26 feet long by 2 feet by 1^ feet,.
Road from Parson's Bridge to Colwood.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
This portion of the road has been repaired generally. 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 265
Repairs to Road from Point Ellice Bridge to Gorge.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Cutting down and grading bank in front of Gorge Hotel; also gravelling, and putting up
railing on south end of Gorge Bridge.
Metchosin Road.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Gravelling, 60 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep, at hollow, foot of 4-mile hill; gravelling
4-mile hill, 50 yards, 16 feet wide, 6 inches deep; gravelling at 4-Mile House, 17 yards,
16 feet wide, 6 inches deep; gravelling near Lime Kiln, 110 yards, 12 feet wide, 6
inches deep; filling and graveiling culvert at junction of Burnside Extension and
Metchosin road; gravelling hill, east of Dr. Foster's, 56 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches
deep; clearing 50 yards of ditching and filling in culvert with stone; gravelling, 124
yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Metchosin Road, from Dr. Foster's Road to Parson's Bridge.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Gravelling, 300 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep: also constructing 100 yards of ditching.
Muller's Road, neae Paeson's Bridge.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Macadamizing, 40 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep; gravelling, 50 yards, 9 feet wide, 4
inches deep; repairing bridge leading to Brickyard.
Metchosin Road.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Gravelling, 250 yards, 9 feet wide, 3 inches deep; grading, 150 yards, 12 feet wide J
macadamized, 250 yards, 9 feet wide, 5 inches deep, near Geo. Pears' farm. Grading
100 yards, 12 feet wide; macadamizing 100yards, 9 feet wide, 5inches deep; repairing
approach to small bridge near Peatt's farm.
Cross Road feom Esquimalt to Ceaigflower.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Gravelling, 150 yards, 10 feet wide 6 inches deep.
450    „       10     „ 6
Rocky Point Road.
John Haggerty, foreman. '   .
Grading, 1,800 yards, 12 feet wide; gravelling, 440 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep;
repaired 1 bridge, 46 feet long, 14 feet wide, 10 feet high; 3 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet
by 18 inches in depth; forest cleared, 400 yards, 20 feet wide; grading, 900 yards, 16
feet wide; gravelling, 650 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches in depth; repaired 2 bridges,
38 feet long, 14 and 10 feet high; also 1 culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet.
Becher Bay Trail.
John Haggerty, foreman.
Making 6,000 yards sleigh road, 10 feet wide; grading 2,200 yards, 16 feet^wide; making
1 bridge, 24 feet long, 10 feet wide and 12 feet high.
Metchosin Road.
John Haggerty, foreman.
Grading 450 yards, 18 feet wide; gravelling, 450 yards, 12 feet wi.de, 8 inches in depth.
Albert Head Road.
Grading, 160 yards, 12 feet wide; giiivelling, 140 yards, 10 feec wide, 4 inches in depth. 266 Public Works Report. 1883
Williams' Cross Road.
R. Copeland, foreman.
General repairs; gravelling, 272 yards; ditching, 263 yards.
Esquimalt Road.
R. Copeland, foreman.
Gravelling and general repairs.
Cowichan District.
Chemainus School House.
J. N. Campbell, Contractor,
To furnish all plant, labour and material, and to erect and complete a school-house as per
agreement.
Shawnigan School House.
Jas. Mearns, Contractor, $350.
To provide all labour and material necessary for the erection and completion of a school-
house in accordance with plans and specifications.
Construction of New Road in Chemainus.
T. P. Windsor, Contractor, $475.
Forest clearing, 1,760 yards, 20 feet wide; grubbing and grading 1,760 yards, 16 feet
wide; two bridges, each 50 feet long; one cedar culvert.
.Taelton's Road.
Alexander Blyth, Contractor, $180.
To clear off all down timber, 1,188 yards, 14 feet wide.
To form and grade road, 1,188 yards, from 10 to 12 feet wide.
Gravelling Road in Somenos.
Geo. Kier, Contractor, $172.
Gravelling 525 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cutting down knoll of rock and grading.
Road from Somenos to Chemainus.
George Kier, Foreman.
Grubbing, grading, gravelling, and general repairs to culverts, &c.        Grubbing out trees
and making new road from Drinkwater's corner to the Post Office, Somenos; repairing
bridges on Chemainus and Quamichan roads.
Trunk Road.
George Kier, Foreman.
Grading and widening road from Beaumont's store to the long bridge.
Trunk Road from Clem-clem-aluts Bridge towards Somenos.
Alex. Blyth, Foreman.
General repairs, including grading, gravelling, ditching, repairing bridges and culverts.
Mill Road.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
The work performed is from junction near Cowichan wharf towards Sayward's old mill,
Shawnigan, and includes general repairs; cutting down hills and filling in hollows;
grading, and gravelling in several places; making and repairing 9 culverts.
General repairs of road to Shawnigan, including new culverts and bridge repairs; grading
and gravelling to top of hill at back of Cowichan wharf. 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 267
Road from Junction to Kokasailah.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
Repairing Kokasailah bridge, grading, gravelling and general repairs.
Road from Kokasailah to Kelvin Creek.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
Constructing bride over Kelvin Creek, and general repairs to road.
Trunk Road.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
Repairing and gravelling road from Marshall's to J. Boal's ; finishing gravelling of Trunk
Road, near Boal's. and repairing the Bench and McLay's roads ; also repairing the
bridges on the mill road ; working on new road from wharf towards Marshall's.
Salt Spring Lsland, Cowichan District.
North Settlement Road.
Joel Broadwell, Foreman.
General repairs to roads and culverts; repairing and covering one bridge.
Burgoyne Bay Road.
Theodore Trage, Foreman.
Grading, gravelling, and general repairs to bridges and culverts from Burgoyne Bay to
Fulford Harbour; grading 1,410 yards, averaging 12 feet wide; gravelling 630 yards, 9
feet wide, 4 inches deep; repairing 6 bridges; making 2 culverts, averaging 18 feet
long, 4|- feet.wide, 2 feet deep; repairing 7 culverts, averaging 18 feet long, 6 feet
wide, 2 feet deep.
Making 1 bridge, 24 feet long, 11 feet wide; making 2 culverts, 15 feet long, 6 feet wide,
2\ feet deep.
Nanaimo District.
Millstream Bridge, Wellington Road.
Henry McAddie, Contractor, $480.
To furnish all plant, labour, and material to construct a bridge 90 feet long and 18 feet
roadway, resting on two bents and crib abutments; floored with 3-inch plank; having a
hand-rail on each side, and being, on completion, in all respects, a first-class bridge, as
per plans and specifications.
Cedar District Road.
Hill & Dolan, Contractors, 40 cents per lineal yard.
Forest clearing, 24 feet wide; grubbing, 18 feet wide; forming and grading, 14 feet wide;
ditching, 2 feet wide, 10 inches deep; culverts, 1 foot by 2 feet by 16 feet, where
required; one small bridge.
Painting Nanaimo Court House.
C. L. Smith, Contractor, $66.
To paint the whole of the exterior wood work of the Court House in two-coat work,
with best lead and oil paint.
Finishing the Government Office.
Joseph L. Fletcher, Contractor, $116.
This contract includes fitting up the office with counter, desks, drawers, &c, &c, as specified, 268 Public Works Report. 1883
Gabeiola Island School.
Joseph Fletcher, Contractor, $187.
To furnish all material, and to erect and complete a frame building 16 feet by 20 feet
Gabeiola Island Whaef.
R. Chappie, Contractor, $350.
To construct a wharf, with approach, 72 feet long, with "|" 30 feet by 36 feet; slip 6 feet
deep, &c, in accordance with plans and specification.
Victoeia Teunk Road (from Nanaimo to Bridge).
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Gravelling, 510 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep; clearing out ditches and general
repairs, 2,000 yards; Gravelling, 220 yards, 15 feet wide, 6 inches deep; ditching and
rounding centre of road, 2,700 yards.
Wellington Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Grading, 900 yards, 28 feet wide; gravelling, 800 yards, 20 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
making 3 culverts, 30 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep; old corduroy taken out and
filled in with gravel; widening the old road from 18 to 28 feet; grading, 1,000 yards,
28 feet wide, gravelling 660 yards, 28 feet wide, 12 inches deep; making 2 culverts, 30
feet long, 20 inches wide, 2 feet deep; filling in approaches to Millstream Bridge, 50
feet, with dirt and gravel, 20 feet wide, 4 feet deep; removing old bridge and replacing
with culvert; filling up roadway with dirt and gravel, 50 yards, 28 feet wide, 2 feet
deep; grading, 360 yards, 28 feet wide; gravelling, 360 yards, 28 feet wide, 6 inches
deep; making 1 culvert 30 feet by 2 feet by 20 inches deep.
Old Victoria Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Cutting out fallen timber; repairing and levelling road, about 2 miles'.
Victoria Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Cutting out fallen timber; cutting through bank 20 yards, averaging 3 feet deep ; grading
50 yards, 15 feet wide; a new bridge 88 feet long, 12 feet wide, 14 feet high, has been built
in place of the one which was burned; the south end of the new bridge is 40 feet further
up stream, making the road straight; Gravelling, 700 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches
deep; repairing and raising 2 bridges; making culvert, 16 feet by 2 feet by 12 inches;
repairing 3 culverts, and general repairs along line of road from 8 to 21 mile post.
Bennie's Road (through swamp).
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Grading, 115 yards, 15 feet wide; gravelling, 115 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
making 2 culverts 16 feet long by 2 feet by 12 inches deep.
Comox Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Repairing and covering 4 bridges; cutting out fallen timber to the head of Nanoose Bay.
Trail to N. W. Bay.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Clearing and repairing trail 875 yards, 12 feet wide; making 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 14
feet wide, 5 feet high, and repairing old bridges.
Trail and Road Repairs.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Cutting out road from Nanoose to Englishman's River; clearing and repairing trails,
3,525 yards, 12 feet wide; making 1 bridge, 15 feet long,  12 feet wide,  4 feet high;
cutting out trail from Englishman's River to Qualicum. 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 269
Trunk Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Repairing Victoria road.    The following roads have been repaired and levelled, making
them passable for teams:—Overton's, Stark's, and Richardson's.
Depaetuee Bay Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Grading, 75 yards, 10 feet wide, 4 inches deep; repairing 2 bridges;  repairing cribbing
at bay, and general repairs along line of road.
Wellington Road.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Grading, 400 yards,  28 feet wide; gravelling, 250 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep
making 1 culvert, 66 feet long, 14 by 12 inches; 2 culverts, 10 feet long, 2 feet by 20'
inches deep.    This portion of the road has been widened from 16 to 28 feet.
Gabeiola Island, South End (New Road).
R. Chappie, Foreman.
Forest clearing,  716 yards,  12 feet wide; graded, 716 yards,  7 feet wide; making 3
culverts, 12 feet long by 2 feet by 12 inches; blasting out rock for approach to new wharf.
Gabriola Island, North End.
J. W. Pimberthy, Foreman.
Forest clearing, 500 yards, 20 feet wide; graded, 500 yards, 10 feet wide; repairing trail
from Mauley's to the plain; also making new trail, 70 yards long, 40 feet wide,  and  1
bridge, 24 feet long, 8 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Approach to Wharf, South End Gabriola Island.
Samuel Price, Foreman.
Making the approach to the new wharf.
Comox District.
Repairs to the Peincipal Roads.
A. Milligan, Foreman.
Section A.—Repairing Slough bridge with new planking and hand-rail; making 4 culverts
averaging 24 feet long, 3 feet wide, and 2 feet deep.
Section B.—(Between Finlay's  and  Gordon's).—Gravelling,  500 yards,  9 feet wide,  6
inches deep.
Section C-—(From Gordon's to Beech's).—Brushed, widened, and earthed over, ditched
on both sides; corduroy bridge 60 feet long filled, and a 14 foot culvert made to
replace it; making 5 culverts, 14 feet long, 3 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Section D.—(Between Wilson's junction and Carwithen's).—Removing stones and roots
from 66 yards of ditching; gravelling, 700 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep; repairing
small bridge.
Section E.—Bracing Tsolum River bridge, and covering approaches 100 feet with 3
inch plank.
Pleasant Valley Road.
Ditching, grubbing, and removing stones, &c.
Point Holmes Road.
Making 1 small bridge and 1 culvert, 12 feet long, 5 feet wide, 3 feet deep, of plank, 270 ' Public Works Report. 1883
New Westminster District.
Clover Valley School House.
John Murchison, Contractor, $479.
To furnish all labour and material required to erect and complete a frame building 18x26
feet, with porch, lathed, plastered and hard finished.    All dressed lumber painted two
coats; and fitted with desks and seats.
Maple Ridge School House.
Thomas Levi, Contractor, $739.
To furnish all labour and material necessary to erect a frame building, 22x40 feet; height of
ceiling, 13 feet; enclosed with rustic siding, finished with base, freize, casings, moulded
gutters and down pipes. The interior to be plastered and hard finished ; wainscotted
and blackboarded; hat and cloak hooks, &c; painted throughout in two-coat work.
Completion of the Public School, New Westminstee City.
Messrs. Hoy <fe Fry, Contractors, $695.
To construct a flight of stairs to lead from the ground-floor hall to the first floor, as per
specification and drawings. To put in a window over stair landing. To put up partition walls. To wainscot, blackboard, lath and plaster, &c. To furnish doors and
fittings, and fix cloak hooks, and to paint in two-coat work.
Burton's Peaieie School House.
J. A. Calbick, Contractor, $630.
To erect a frame building, 20x32 feet, in accordance with plans and specifications. The
inside to be ceiled and lined with 1x4 dry T. and G. lumber. To furnish and fix the
usual fittings, including seats and desks. To paint the exterior wood work two coats.
To construct out-offices, &c, <fcc.
Granville Gaol.
J. A. Calbick, Contractor, $843.
To erect and complete a building, 22x26 feet, containing 4 cells, each 6x9 feet, a mortuary
and a court room, as per plans and specifications. The walls and partitions, floor and
ceiling of cells to be constructed of double diagonal 2-inch plank, reversed. The exterior
of the entire building to be enclosed with rustic. All dressed wood work painted two
coats. The usual fitting and fixtures to be supplied. Also, out-offices and high board
fence.
Mud Bay School House.
John E. Murchison, Contractor, $550.
To put up a frame building, 18x26 feet, as per plans and specifications. Hard finished and
painted, and having the usual fittings and furniture.
Lowee Chilliwhack School House.
James Millar, Contractor, $460.
This building is similar to that erected at Clover Valley, and has all necessary fittings. 47 Vic.
Public Works Report.
271
Yale-Cariboo Waggon Road.
Section I.—Trunk Road from Yale to Lytton, 57 Miles.
Neil Black, Foreman; Salary, $150 per month.
Month.
Nature of Work.
No. of Men.
No. of Days.
Rate per diem.
April.
July	
August	
September.
October ...
Removing rock, slides and repairing water courses; gravelling
497 yards, 11 feet wide, 11 inches deep; making 2 bridges
averaging 64 feet long, 17 feet wide, 20 feet high, having
8x12 inch stringers, 14x14 inch posts, 12x16 inch caps, 8x8
inch ribbons, 4x4 inch hand rail, covering of 3-inch plank;
making 2 culverts of round timbers, 18 feet long, 14 feet
wide, 2 feet 6 inches deep	
Removing rock and earth slides; clearing culverts and watercourses; gravelling 220 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches
deep; making 1 bridge, 53 feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 feet
high, built of square timbers, having 14x14 inch posts, 12x
16 inch caps and 6-inch covering; making 3 culverts of
round timbers, 18 feet long, 10 feet wide, 3 feet deep....
General repairs, removing rocks, slides; gravelling 657 yards.
10 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches deep; clearing culverts, ditches,
&c.; making 1 bridge, 89 feet long, 22 feet wide, 25 feet
high, built of square timber 12x18 inches, and covered with
round timber; making 1 culvert of round timber, 9 feet
long, 18 feet wide, 3 feet deep	
Gravelling 296 yards, averaging 9 feet wide, 12 inches deep;
139 feet cribbing, 4 feet high; clearing culverts and watercourses, removing slides, rocks and stumps ; making 1
bridge, 41 feet long, 18 feet wide, 14 feet high, built of 12x
18 inch square timber, covered with round timber and
gravelled 8 inches deep; making 1 bridge, 48 feet long, 22
feet wide, 27 feet high, stringers flattened to 18 inches,
posts, 14x14 inches, caps, 12x16 inches, covering round
timber with 6 inches of gravel on top; covering 32 feet of
bridging, 18 feet wide, with flattened timber 7 inches thick;
covering 47 feet of bridging, 16 feet wide with round timber; covering 156 feet of bridging, 18 feet wide, with broken
slate, 6 inches deep, and repairing hand-rail	
Repairing 16-Mile Bridge with 10x14 inch timbers, making
new span and truss; making 4 culverts, 18 feet by 9x3;
repairing bridges, culverts, stone walls, macadamizing, and
general repairs	
Repairing and putting bridge at 17-Mile Post in good condition; shovelling and clearing slides, &c	
Shovelling and clearing slides and repairing road from Yale
to Lytton; bridge 157 feet long, 14feet wide, 31 feet high,
repaired with square timber, stringers 12x16 inches, caps
12x14, posts 12x12 inches, ribbons 8x8 inches, hand-rail 4
inches, planking 3-inch thick; 2 bridges, 75 feet long, 14
feet wide, 15 feet high, repaired same as the above; 41 feet
culverts, 19 feet wide, 4 feet deep	
Removing slides, rocks, opening culverts and clearing ditches
&c; making bridge of round timber 65 feet long, 22 feet
wide, 25 feet high	
237
424
§2 69 to S3 19
$2 64 to §3 19
64 to ^3 19
17 men
! 64 to 83 19
[■       14 men
t 15 men
353
$2 50 to S2 69
§2 69 to $3 19
$2 08 to 83 00
§2 50 to S3 00 272
Public Works Report.
1883
Section 2.—Trunk Road.—Lytton to Cache Creek.
A. Stevenson, Foreman; Salary,
per month.
Month.
Nature of Work.
No. of Men.
No. of Days
Rate per diem.
March
April.
May..
June.
July..
August..
October.
Repairing piers of Spence's bridge; renewing sheeting on piers
where carried away; bracing, &c; general repairs on road,
shovelling gravel slides, filling in ruts, &c; making culvert
18 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 1 foot deep	
Removing and clearing away earth and gravel slides, filling
in ruts, opening culverts and ditches, &e	
Removing and clearing away earth and gravel slides, filling in
ruts, opening ditches, culverts &c	
Grading 930 yards, 16 feet wide; gravelling 288 yards, 13 feet
wide, 10 inches deep; making 2 culverts 18 feet long, 3 feet
6 inches wide, 2 feet deep. The above grading and gravelling is between the 97 and 101-Mile Posts	
Grading 100 yards, 16 feet wide; gravelling 200 yards, 11 feet
wide, 12 inches deep; repairing 4 bridges averaging 16 feet
long, 18 feet wide, 8 feet high; 3 of the bridges are covered
with 4-inch plank; making 1 culvert 28 feet long, 2 feet
wide and 12 inches deep	
Shovelling and clearing away accumulated earth and gravel
slides, filling ruts, &c	
Two stringers to bridge, 78-Mile Post; two stringers to
Spence's Bridge; abutment under north end ; making new
road over mud slide 230 yards, 18 feet wide; making 1 culvert, 18 feet ong, 12 inches wide, 18 inches deep; making 1
stone culvert 200 feet long, 2 feet 6 inches wide, 2 feet deep
373
>     15 men.
1  1 Indian
) 1 white man.
164
$3 00 to $4 00
51 75 to S3 37
52 50 to S3 00
Si 50 to S3 37
SI 75 to S3 37
$1 75 to S2 75
$2 69 to S3 49 47 Vic.
Public Works Report.
273
Sections 3 and 4.—Cache Creek to 73 Mile Post.    52 Miles.
James Robertson,   Foreman; Salary,
per month.
Month.
Nature of Work.
No. of Men.
No. of Days.
Rate per diem
April.
May.
June.
August.
September..
June.
July .
October.
November.
Section 3,
Grading 1,590 yards, 30 feet wide; gravelling 381 yards, 12
feet wide, 12 inches deep; corduroying 127 yards, 18 feet
wide; 3 culverts, 21 feet long, 4x4 feet; 500 yards ditching,
&c	
Grading 1,596 yards, 18 feet wide; gravelling 696 yards, 12
feet wide, 12 inches deep ; corduroying 100 yards, 18 feet
wide; removing rock, slides, and levelling road; repairing 1
bridge 18 feet long, 18 feet wide, 3 feet high; the stringers
are 12x16 inches, abutments 16 inches, covering 8 inches
thick; 1 culvert 18 feet long by 8x2 feet; corduroy covering
8 to 10 inches thick	
General repairs to bridges, culverts, levelling roads and filling
ruts, removing rocks, and clearing ditches, &c; grading 900
yards, 10 feet wide; gravelling 250 yards, 12 feet wide, 12
inches deep; repairing bridges with 12x16 inch stringers, 16
inch abutments, 8 to 10 inch covering. All timber barked,
1 culvert 18 by 4x2 feet	
Widening road 450 yards, 3 to 4 feet; macadamizing 15 yards
3 feet wide, 4 feet deep; gravelling 180 yards, 10 feet wide,
14 inches deep; corduroying 90 yards, 18 feet wide; making
2 bridges 43 feet long, 18 feet wide, 7 feet high; having 12x
16 inch stringers, 16 inch abutments, 8 inch covering;
making 1 culvert 18x4x3 feet; making 250 yards of ditching:
repairing bridges and culverts; removing rock, filling ruts
and levelling road	
Widening road 537 yards, 4 feet; gravelling 850 yards, 13 feet
wide, 13 inches deep; 1 bridge 15 feet long, 18 feet wide, 4
feet high; 1 culvert 18x4x3 feet; repairing bridges, culverts,
ditching, levelling off road, and filling ruts	
Section 4.
Forest clearing 1000 yards, 66 feet wide; grading 350 yards, 8
feet wide; gravelling 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep;
7 culverts 20 feet by 5x3 feet; repairing bridges with 12x16
inch stringers, covering 8 inches, abutments 16 inches..
Gravelling 725 yards, 11 feet wide, 12 to 14 inches deep; grad-
ing 850 yards, 4 to 5 feet wide; ditching 320 yards, 3 feet
wide; making 1 bridge, 75 feet long, 18 feet wide, 10 feet
high, having 12x16 inch stringers, 12x14 inch abutments,
planking 8-inch ; making 3 culverts, 18x4x3 feet; also
repairing bridges and culverts, removing rocks and slides
from road	
General repairs to bridges, culverts, roads, opening ditches,
&c.; grading 230 yards, 36 feet wide; widening road 220
yards, 4 feet -wide; gravelling road 562 yards, 15 feet wide,
13 inches deep; 3 bridges 22 feet long, 18 feet wide, 4 feet
high, renewed with 16 inch abutments, 12x16 inch stringers,
8x10 inch covering, 4 inch railing; 1 culvert 21x4x2 feet	
Repairing bridge at 150-Mile House—1 abutment 15 feet face,
20 feet back, 10 feet high, breakwater of brush and stone 20
feet long, 3 feet wide, 3 feet high; putting in 1 new bent of
hewn timber, 12 inches square; building Government store*
house in rear of Government House, Clinton; making 5,280
yards sleigh road, 12 feet wide; minor repairs to north end
of Section 3	
1   15 men.
12 men.
9 men.
9 men.
9 men.
11 men.
10 men.
10 men.
203
318
87
207
2C4
158
173
134
[SI 92 to $3 25
{$1 92 to S3 40
S3 00 to S3 25
\ S3 00 to $3 40
_5rS3 00 to S3 40
S3 00 to S3 40
$3 00 to $3 40
$1 92 to S3 40
[S3 00 to S3 40 274
Public "Works Report.
1883
Yale District.
Nicola Waggon Road, from Thompson River to Blackbourn's
A. Stevenson, Foreman,
Month.
Nature of Work.
No. of Men.
No. of Days.
Rate per diem.
No new work performed on this section of road; the work has
been entirely shovelling earth and gravel slides which have
>       6 men.
1       6 men.
5 men.
1 man.
j-       1 man.
\
>-      7 men.
/
1
y      7 men.
!
75
149
87
26
26
178
170
92 50 to $3 00
Shovelling gravel slides, cutting and falling trees, filling ruts,
$2 50 to S3 50
Shovelling and clearing accumulated earth and gravel slides..
$2 50
$70 per month.
$70 per month.
July	
One man employed during month to clear away earth and
Repairing 14 bridges, aggregating 234 feet, 14 feet wide, from 5
to 10 feet in height; 2 of the bridges have partly new covering, and posts under one;  the remainder of the bridges
are built of round logs, having two abutments and 3 stringers each; the stringers are from 10 to 15 inches in diameter
at small end; according to length of span, covering is of
$2 75 to $3 37
Repairing lObridges, aggregating 200 feet, 14 feet wide, averaging 6 feet high, with bents, piers, and planking; also, repairing hand-rail; raising road 3 feet high, 40 feet in length;
making 1 culvert 14 feet long, 12 inches wide, 12 inches
?2 75 to $3 37
Savona Section, from Cache Ckeek to Savona's Ferry.
A, Stevenson, Foreman.
Month.
Nature of Work,
No. of Men.
No. of Days.
Rate per diem.
Removing and clearing out rock and sand slides  at Dead
Man's Creek Hill, filling ruts, &c.;  making bridge 15 feet
> 10 men.
>
> 11 men.
> 9 men.
104
277
112
S2 75 to §3 37
Covering bridge at Dead Man's Creek, 150 feet, with 3-inch
plank; covering bridge at'"Bates' Flat, 18 feet, with 3-inch
plank; gravelling 800 yards, 11 feet wide, 10 inches deep;
ditching 500 yards; making 3 culverts, 16 feet long, 4 feet
6 inches wide, 18 inches deep; making bridge over 8-Mile
Creek, 16 feet long, 18 feet wide, 5 feet high, stringers of
round timber 16 inches at small end, covered with 6-inch
S2 00 to S3 37
Gravelling 400 yards, 11 feet 6 inches wide, 10 inches deep;
ditching 1,260 yards, 2 feet wide, 18 inches deep; covering
90 feet of bridging with 2-inch plank laid on the old plank-
S70 to $90 per
month. 47 Vic. Public Works Report. 275
Kamloops-Nicola Road—39 Miles.
Grade behind Kamloops cleaned out; 2 culverts renewed near Jones and Scott's; a ravine
150 yards long, 2 to 4 feet wide and from 2 to 3 feet deep, filled in at Bartlett Newman's.
Hill near Peter Fraser's cleaned out; 16 planks inserted in bridge across Jacko Creek;
general repairs effected from Kamloops to near Moore's, ruts filled in and stones thrown out of
the road.
Savona Ferry-Okanagan Road—100 Miles.
Bridge near Summit Lake repaired with new covering and cribbing; 5 culverts repaired
and renewed between George Pendelton's and Savona Ferry; Cherry Creek bridge supplied
with 25 feet new covering and 2 new stringers 23 feet long; also cribbing 6 feet high and 8
feet long; new stringers and covering put in 3-Mile Creek bridge; new cribbing below Roper's,
where the road gave way, 35 feet long and from 4 to 10 feet high, and filled in with gravel;
stones thrown out of road and ruts filled in; cribbing of bridge at Salmon River repaired;
bridge below Peterson's supplied with new covering 9 feet long, and cribbing at each end 25
feet long, and from 5 to 9 feet high; 3 bridges constructed at Victor Guillaume's, of the following dimensions:—16 feet long, 14 feet wide; 12 feet long, 14 feet wide; 10 feet long, 14 feet
wide; large hole near Peterson's, caused by a sudden rush of water, filled in, 37 feet long and
from 4 to 9 feet deep, secured with cribbing 39 feet long, 5 to 9 feet high; covering on Duck's
bridge 30 feet long, 14 feet wide; from Duck's to the Meadows Road graded; at the Meadows
a ditch cut 140 yards long, and a culvert put in; thence to Grand Prairie, culverts repaired,
where required; 19 and 8 planks, respectively, inserted in upper and lower Salmon River
bridges; the two latter were subsequently destroyed by bush fires and rebuilt, dimensions :—
10 feet long, 14 feet wide; 12 feet long, 14 feet wide ; ruts filled in and stones removed
throughout the whole road; the road from Grand Prairie to Okanagan kept free from fallen
timber; bridge at latter place repaired with 30 feet new covering.
Lillooet District.
Lillooet and Clinton Road.
Wm. F. Allen, Foreman.
Repairing break in road at Four-Mile Hill, opposite Bridge River; roadway changed
and cribbed across deep ravine opposite and below the break ; clearing and widening six
miles ; clearing and repairing road from Lillooet to Bridge River Point, 5 miles;
making one bridge 18 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 2 feet high, over mill race below
Lillooet, having 10-inch timbers, and 6-inch covering, all peeled; repairing road at
Four and Seven-Mile Hills ; graded 633 yards, 18 feet wide ; macadamized 95 feet,
10 feet 6 inches in width, and 74 inches in depth; grading, gravelling, and general
repairs from Seven-Mile Hill to Lillooet ferry ; grading 760 yards, 12 feet wide, 17
inches deep ; gravelling 25 yards, 10 feet wide, 12 inches deep ; making one culvert,
15 feet long, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep, having 12-inch timbers, and 6-inch covering.
Lillooet, Clinton, and Haller Roads.
Repairing and clearing out road from the 6th to the 30th mile post, and cutting out
beaver dams to Lower Kelly's Lake, below line of waggon road; grading 4,510 yards,
9 feet wide, 3 feet deep ; gravelling 70 yards, 9 feet wide, 15 inches deep ; constructing
two bridges, 34 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high ; repairing three bridges, 23 feet
long, 14 feet wide ; the two new bridges have 14-inch stringers, and 7-inch covering
timbers ; two of the repaired bridges covered only, with 7-inch timbers, the third is
covered with 2-inch plank; making two culverts, 12 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 2 feet
6 inches deep,   having   10-inch timber sides, and  5-inch covering.
Haller Road.
Repair of Haller Road, from Kelly's to 5 miles from Canoe Creek, 39 miles in all; clearing
out stream in Canoe Creek canon ; cutting out willows and widening creek, 1C0 yards
long ; clearing out large boulders in line of road over rocky flat, a distance of 6 miles ; 276
Public Works Report.
1883
forest cleared J mile, 12 feet wide; grading 831 yards, 10 feet wide, 3J feet deep;
gravelling 465 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep; making three bridges, 24 feet long,
12 feet wide, 4 feet 4 inches high; putting in new culverts, grading, gravelling and
general repairs, Haller road and Kelly's to 5-mile post, Lillooet road ; clearing out
Canoe Creek parallel with the road in the canon 100 yards; grading 1,946 yards, 7 feet
wide, 3 feet deep ; gravelling 272 yards 10 feet wide, 12 inches deep ; making four
culverts, 14 feet long, 5 feet wide, 16 inches deep, having 10-inch sides and 6-inch
covering.
Trail Repairs.
Trail from J. Wood's to China Gulch, 24 miles, of which 16 miles are graded 6 inches
deep and 12 feet wide, and 8 miles from Big Bar to Deadman's Creek, 6 inches
deep and 12 feet wide; clearing and repairing 12 miles waggon road, and grading
190 yards, 9 feet wide, 2 feet deep, waggon road to Burnett's ; grading 2,053 yards, 9
feet wide ; average depth of bank, 4 feet; making a bridge over Deadman's Creek,
35 feet long, 13 feet wide, and 4 feet high, having 12-inch stringers and 6-inch covering.
Cayoosh Creek Bridge.
James Robertson, Superintendent.
Month.
Nature of Work.
No. of Men.
No. of Days.
Rate per diem.
Work for the month consisted of building abutments for
piers, according to plans and specifications ; and in getting
y      9 men.
J-      9 men.
y         men.
113
191
83
§3 00 to $4 00
Building abutments and filling with rock.   Taking out tim-
$3 00 to $4 00
Finishing bridge in accordance with plans and specifications
received from Surveyor-General; with the exception of the
$3 00 to §4 00 47 Vic.
Public Works Report.
277
TENDERS   RECEIVED   AND   CONTRACTS   AWARDED,
DURING   THE   YEAR   1883.
Nature of Work.
New Westminster District.
Painting Court House	
Surrey School House, construction
Maple Ridge School, construction	
New Westminster School, completion.
Lock-up at Granville	
Burton's Prairie School.
Mud Bay School.
South Chilliwhack School ,
Nanaimo District.
Mill Stream Bridge	
Section 2, Cedar District Road .
Painting Court House.
Government Office, finishing
Gabriola Island School.
Name of Tenderer.
Wilcox & Johnson...
Perkins & Co	
L. Grimmer	
John Murchison.
Jared Lockwood.
Thomas Levi.
J. A. Calbick.
Hoy & Fry	
Murray & Clow.
J. A. Calbick...
Hoy & Fry	
Levi & Brennan.
J. A. Calbick..
Thos. Levi	
R. Wintemute.
J. E. Murchison.
Levi & Brennan..
Wm. Jones	
Jos. Millar	
Barber & Gibson.
Henry McAdie .
W. E. Blackett.
D. Graham	
J. Fletcher	
Hill & Dolan	
Wm. Keddy	
Wilkinson & Malpas..
Thos. Wilks	
Jones & Rees	
C. L. Smith..
J. Swift	
W. M. Hosie.
L. Page	
Joseph Fletcher
J. W. Stirtan....
H. McAdie	
Jos. Fletcher.
IT. McAdie,..
Amount.
Award.
i. 105 00
135 00
135 00
479 00
490 00
739 00
769 00
695 00
1,085 00
834 00
941 00
974 00
630 00
660 00
850 00
550 00
650 00
600 00
460 00
550 00
480 00
550 00
570 00
560 00
per lineal yd.
40c.
41
45
54
1 00
66 00
90 00
174 00
175 00
116 00
130 00
195 00
187 00
265 00
3Q
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarcel.
Awarded. 278
Public Wcrks Report.
1883
Nature op Work.
Gabriola Island Wharf.
Victoria District.
Point Ellice Bridge Repairs	
Works and Repairs at Public School, Victoria
Gordon Head Road	
Name of Tenderer.
Craigfl6 rer Bridge Repairs.
Happy Valley Road Repairs
James' Bay Ward School...
Cadboro Bay Road	
Fencing south side of Yates Street, at School Reserve
Works and Alterations at Land Office	
Cowichan District.
South Cowichan School Construction	
New Road, Chemainus	
Chemainus School	
Tarlton's Road (Cowichan District)	
Trunk Road in Somenos, Repair*	
R. Chappie	
R. Nightingale	
D. Roberts	
W. E. Blackett	
Joseph Sage	
G. H. Baker	
Orlando Warner	
McKillican & Ander-
Win. Constantine [son
J. McDowell	
0. Warner	
Wm. Constantine....
Geo. Powell	
McKillican & Ander-
J. P. Elford [son
Chas. Hayward	
Jas. Baker	
N LeClair	
S. J. Jackson	
H. Cathcart	
R. Copeland	
Jack & Lakin	
Gannon & Lucie	
Geo. H. Baker	
Samuel Sea	
D. F. Adams	
Wm. Calvert	
Chas. Foreman ......
D. F. Adams	
McKillican & Ander-
J. Turner [son
G. Powell	
S. Gray	
Wm. Constantine....
Noel LeClair	
Jas. Baker	
Geo. Nicholson	
Jos. Nicholson	
M, Morrissy	
Wm. Constantine	
Geo. Powell	
Geo  Powell	
McKilinan & Ander-
Chas. Hayward     [son
Jas. Mearns	
T.P.Windsor	
N. W.Campbell	
N W. Campbell	
Alex. Blyth	
Geo. Keir	
Amount.
$ 350 00
400 00
460 00
500 00
615 00
865 00
1,425 00
400 00
414 00
425 00
505 00
567 00
465 00
510 00
530 00
506 00
749 00
659 00
695 00
700 00
725 00
850 00
8S7 50
1,000 00
829 00
885 00
925 00
425 00
435 00
1,375 00
1,020 00
1,740 00
1,750 00
1,777 00
1,840 00
470 00
473 00
550 00
745 00
945 00
445 00
500 00
410 00
440 00
534 00
350 00
475 00
400 00
284 00
180 00
172 00
Award.
Not awarded
Awarded,
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded,
Awarded.
Awarded. 4T Vic.
Public "Works Report.
279
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
South Thompson School—Kamloops Division	
D. C. McGillivray...
Jean Laveau	
J. McMullen	
W. E. Blackett
A. McDonald	
$     425 00
575 00
700 00
Without
drawbridge.
$14,487 00
14,500 00
15,000 00
13,995 00
Awarded.
With drawbridge.
$14,887 00
15,500 00
15,600 00
15,495 00 280
Public Works Report.
1883
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