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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE FISCAL… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. 1878

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 (
.
REPORT
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS
AND WORKS
op the province OP
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
FOR  THE
FISCAL TEAR ENDING THIRTY-FIRST DECEMBER
1877.
j^^ /Hi
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard Wootenden, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing; Office, James' Bay.
1877.
19  41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 263
Report
OE THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
EOR THE PROVINCE OE
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
EOR  THE
Fiscal   Year   Terminating:   31st  December,   1877.
To the Honourable Albert Norton Richards, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of
British Columbia.
May it Please Tour Excellency:
I have the honour to submit, as required by the "Public Works Amendment Act,
1873," the annual report upon the Provincial Public Works undertaken by this Department during the year terminating on the 31st December, 1877.
In addition will be found a detailed statement of the expenditure incurred (in the
performance of the said works) from the 1st January to the 30th November, 1877,
together with certain information in reference to tho Land Branch of the Department.
Included, also, will be seen a statement offenders received for various public works.
Respectfully submitted
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C,
December 31st, 1877.
F. GEO. VERNON,
Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.  41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 265
REPORT
OE
PUBLIC WORKS, BRIDGES, ROADS, BUILDINGS,
&c, &c, &0.
The amount of money appropriated by the Legislature for expenditure in the
different Districts throughout the Province for the year 1877, though not as large as
during past years, still admitted of many useful works being carried out.
The year has been singularly propitious for out-door work, and it is highly satisfactory to be able to state that no accidents or damage worth mentioning have occurred,
either to roads or bridges, through the different Districts.
The extensive contracts entered into in 1875 have all been concluded, and the work
taken off the hands of the contractors.
No large outlays have been made on the Government Buildings, Victoria.
Government House has required the usual amount of repairs to ceiling, windows,
plaster, &c. I regret to have to state that this building requires a very considerable
sum expended on it to make it habitable, and it will be necessary to thoroughly repair
the house during the ensuing spring. The arches in the original or stone portion of the
building are defective, and the under-pinning of the wooden additions is in a very
unsatisfactory condition; these defects cause the plaster, both on tho ceilings and wall,
to break off the key. The guttering around the house as well as the valleys are very
much out of repair, the injury being caused mainly, as above mentioned, by the bad
state of the foundations.
The ventilation of the House of Assembly has been increased by introducing ten
ornamental perforated plaster of Paris centres, which, it is to be hoped, will add much to
the comfort of the occupants of the visitors' gallery.
The. ceiling in the Speaker's room and the offices of the Provincial Secretary have
been renewed.
An entrance to the Government grounds from Birdcage walk has been made, with
the object of relieving the walks in the front portion of tbe grounds from the traffic of
coal waggons, &c, &c. Half of one lot has been purchased for the price of $350, on
which the road has been constructed. Gates, similar to those on the Dallas road
entrances, have been placed on Birdcage walk.
At the Public School House grounds, Fort Street, two additional entrances have
been secured from Fort Street, one a continuation of Moss Street, the other near the
West boundary of the School Reserve. These purchases were made for the convenience
of the pupils, who, in the event of the lots situate between Fort Street and the South
boundary of the Reserve being fenced and built on would be compelled to walk to the
South-East corner of the Reserve above Moss Street to obtain a thoroughfare to the
School building.
The Victoria Gaol has.been improved slightly, the window from the debtors' room
opening on the outside yard has been walled up, and the requisite amount of light
obtained by breaking a new half window into the main yard. The bath accommodation
being inadequate, four new baths have been provided, and the pipes connected with the
hot and cold water apparatus have also been renewed.
The work of' improving the Government Grounds, James Bay, has been proceeded
with, the ground levelled, walks laid out and gravelled, &c; new trees have been planted where necessary. A new fence has also been erected on the East side of the Reserve,
substantially built with cedar posts securely footed and braced.
In Victoria District, the Saanich Road, from the city boundary to Swan Lake has
been thoroughly repaired, and some of the worst grades materially eased by cutting
down the hills and filling up the hollows.
The East Saanich Road has been completed as far as Shoal Harbour, by constructing
that portion between Bryant's and the Prairie Tavern.    This portion of the road will 266 Report oe Public Works. 1877
probably require gravelling in places, but it has been found more economical to open,
out new roads to their full width first and place any gravel that may be required on the
work during the following year. The other roads through this District have also
received their fair attention.
On account of the mail service being performed to North Saanich weekly by
travelling on the East Road one trip and the West Road on the return journey, it may
be advisable during the coming year to repair and widen the cross road from Shoal
Harbour to Wain's.    This can be done for comparatively a moderate amount.
The pumping machinery for the contemplated Graving Dock at Esquimalt, contracted
for in 1875, with Messrs. James Watt & Co., by the Government, has been all delivered
at Esquimalt and stored in the house erected for its reception. As the terms of their
agreement demanded, payment has been rendered to them, amounting in the aggregate
to £6,300.
The engineers authorized to act for the Government, represented in the early part
of the year that it would be highly advisable to invite tenders for the construction of a
wrought iron caisson without delay, as this essential piece of machinery could not be
made in the Province. As it was evident that from the time that would be consumed
in calling for tenders for the caisson, in its transit to the Province and in its erection
at Esquimalt, it would be some time in the year 1879 before it could possibly be finally
completed for placing in its berth, the engineers were instructed to invite tenders as
they had suggested. Accordingly eleven first-class engineering and ship-building firms
were asked to submit tenders, but only four firms complied with the request:
Messrs. R. Watkin & Co £12,578 13s. Od.
Messrs. Westwood, Baillie, & Co      9,545   3 2
Thames'Iron Works and Ship-building Co      7,936    5 0
Hanna, Donald, & Wilson      7,194    0 0
The firm of Messrs. Hanna, Donald & Wilson, who made the lowest tender, have
constructed a similar caisson for the Greenock Works, and it is therefore a matter for
congratulation that this experienced firm has submitted the lowest tender. This offer
has not,'however, as yet been accepted, awaiting the sanction of the Legislature. I may
mention for the information of your Excellency that the caisson is a wrought iron
structure for closing the entrance of a Graving Dock, in lieu of the ordinary Dock gates.
Messrs. Knipple & Morris have, as arranged, furnished the Government with three
complete sets of the necessary plans, estimates, working and detail drawings, quantities,
specifications, agreements, bonds, etc., for the Cofferdam, Graving Dock and other
machinery, complete and ready for parties to tender on the Graving Dock, which have
been approved of by Col. Pasley, on behalf of the Admiralty.
In accordance with their agreement with the Government this firm has been paid
£2,500, the first instalment due to them for their services as Engineers-in-Chief for the
Esquimalt Dock.
The contract entered into with Messrs. Reed Bros., of London, for the construction
of a Cofferdam at Esquimalt, has not been completed, but the work has been steadily
progressing since my last report. Further information upon this subject is furnished
in the more detailed description given of the works in the Esquimalt District for the
year 1877, including a report of the Resident Engineer on the condition of the cement
stored at Esquimalt.
It will, doubtless, be observed by your Honour that no fresh obligations have been
entered into in connection with the construction of the Esquimalt Graving Dock during
the past two years, nor any expenditure incurred beyond liquidating past liabilities and
expending some trivial amounts to prevent injury to the property previously purchased.
Everything, however, is now arranged so that tenders can, without any delay, be
simultaneously invited for the construction of the main Dock in England and elsewhere,
whenever the Legislature shall see fit to grant the requisite authority.
The principal works carried out in Esquimalt District have been repairing the
Esquimalt Road, including building a substantial wall on the hill close to the Town of
Esquimalt as a protection against the precipice on the seaside of the roadway, repairing the Metchosin Road from tho Esquimalt Road to Rocky Point, repairing the Sooke
Road, easing the grades, and widening out the road, &c. Parsons Bridge being found
very unsafe it was decided to erect a new bridge on the same site.     This work was 41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 267
performed under the foremanship of Mr. John Nicholson, and the traffic only interrupted
for three days and six hours.
It having been reported that a large tract of land suitable for settlement existed in
the neighbourhood of San Juan River, Mr. A. R. Howse was instructed to examine the
valley, and, I regret to say, reports unfavourably on the character of the soil and its
adaptibility for an influx of settlers. Mr. Howse's report will be found in the more
detailed statement annexed.
The heaviest work undertaken in Cowichan District has been letting a contract for
the construction of section No. 2 of the Goldstream and Cowichan Road. This section
extends from a point on the road from Sayward's Mill to Harrisville towards Gold-
stream a distance of llf miles more or less. This work is still in the hands of the
contractor, Mr. Joseph Nicholson. On the completion of this section and the construction of section No. 1, a good road will be available for traffic from Cowichan to Victoria
during the whole year.
The trunk road has been widened and improved in places, and a new bridge has
been commenced over Mill Creek, near the Mission.
The bridges throughout the District have been repaired and carefully attended to.
The large bridge across Chemainus River is in excellent condition, and the work
executed last year in clearing an old channel above the bridge has turned out a success,
and, at present, there appears no danger of the river breaking through the low land to
the west of the bridge site.
The appropriation for a lock-up at Cowichan has at last been expended, after
appearing on the Estimates for three consecutive years. The building has been erected
nearly opposite the old court house, on the road from Comiaken to Maple Bay.
The amount appropriated for the District of Nanaimo has been expended in erecting
a new bridge on Commercial Street, and building a road from the end of Haliburton
Street, in the City of Nanaimo, towards Nanaimo River.
The Commercial Street bridge is a substantial structure 330 feet in length and 19
feet in width. The bents are placed 40 feet apart and erected on solid stone foundations, which are built above the level of high water mark.
The Nanaimo River bridge has been securely guyed with four wire ropes, fitted
with suitable parbuckles.
A survey has been made for a contemplated alteration in the Departure Bay road,
and plans prepared for a bridge across the mouth of " The Ravine." This will entail a
heavy expenditure, as the roadway of the bridge will require to be 60 feet above the
sills, necessitating double trestlework.
The Nanaimo gaol has been extended, and is now suitably provided with officers'
rooms, extra cells, kitchen, etc. This building originally occupied about three-fifths of
a town lot, the property of the Vancouver Coal Company. The lot has been purchased
and the fencing extended to the limits of the lines, thus giving a little additional yard-
room for the prisoners.
The road work in Comox has been divided into several small contracts, including a
sleigh road across Denman Island.
The Point Holmes road has also been completed as far as Mr. Williams' farm. This
was carried out by day work, under the supervision of Mr. Geo. F. Drabble, C. E.
A tract of land has been purchased adjoining the road, and a short distance from
the Comox wharf. On this land has been erected a suitable lock-up, with two cells, and
a large room which will answer for a court room. Other necessary conveniences have
been provided. I have pleasure in stating that the large bridges over the Courtenay
and Puntledge Rivers, as well as the long wharf at the steamer landing, are in a satisfactory condition.
The road from New Westminster to Hastings has been widened and repaired. The
old "Long Bridge," some 1300 feet in length, which has cost very large sums year after
year for repairs, has been done away with. A substantial straining beam bridge has
been placed across the creek, and the low ground on either side embanked. Several
new roads have been constructed, branching off from the trunk road and generally
towards the boundary line.
In Tale district, that portion of the Tale-Cariboo trunk road within its limits, about
116 miles, has, during the past summer, been maintained and considerably improved.
It may be remarked that the most serious expenditure annually arises in this "district to 268 Report oe Public Works. 1877
keep in repair the main trunk road on account of its traversing the canons of the Cascades, where slides and avalanches of more or less consequence are constantly occurring.
I am glad, however, to have the honour of informing you that no freshet of any magnitude has taken place during the past season, and from the substantial manner the road
has been reconstructed and raised in tho places subject to overflow, it is very improbable
that it will ever be liable to a recurrence of the disasters which occurred in 1876.
A large portion of the road has also been gravelled, though much remains to be
done in this respect in order to facilitate the transition of freight to the Interior, and
enable the*heavy teams, transporting merchandize, to travel without any great delay
and inconvenience.
A new bridge over the Anderson River at Boston Bar, commenced last year, has
been completed in a very much stronger and more substantial manner than the original
structure. This bridge is 687 feet in length, and has been placed at an elevation of
about 10 feet over the one carried away by the extreme high water of 1876.
The first section of the K.amloops-Nicola road, about 13 J miles, has been accepted
from the contractor, and the second, some 22 miles in length, is in a fair state of progress.
A road, about 12 miles, has been made up the North Thompson River, opposite
Kamloops, and another from the Tranquille River, six miles to the above-mentioned
place.
In the Okanagan District a dam has been built across Mission Creek, under the
superintendence of Mr. Charles Brewer, about 280 feet in length, to turn the water into
its original channel. This work has been successfully executed, and has enabled many
settlers to cultivate their farms which previous inundations had deterred them from
doing. It has also been the means of preventing any further damage to the public
highway, which was  rapidly being   destroyed.
A new bridge is under contract over Mission Creek, 140 feet, at its principal crossing,
this place being the most desirable spot for its erection, which, when completed, will
materially benefit a large number of settlers and the public generally, as it is on the
main line of road leading from Washington Territory into this Province.
Owing to the difficulty of gaining access to the Cherry Creek Mines, a new trail
has been made from the Okanagan to Cherry Creek, about 35 miles in length. This
trail has proved of the greatest value, considerably shortening the distance to the mines
and reducing the cost of living there. It has been constructed on a good grade and
can be easily converted into, a first-class waggon road,  should future traffic require it.
Tho Nicola-Thompson waggon road, about 34 miles, has been maintained, and upon
the Hope-Nicola trail, 78J miles, and the Hope-Similkameen trail, about 140 miles,
in length, sufficient work has been performed to keep them in good repair and
improve them in those places requiring attention. Some work has also been done
upon the Hope-Popcum road, and bridges of sufficient stability for present purposes
built over Silver Creek and another creek, at a trifling outlay.
The waggon roads from Cache Creek to Mission Valley, and that from Okanagan
to Spellamacheen, in all about 160 miles, have received their customary attention,
together with other roads and trails not mentioned here specifically.
A new gaol has been erected at Lytton, as provided by the Legislature, and the
public offices in this district have been kept in repair, though some expenditure will be
necessary upon them next season.
The principal public work undertaken in the Lillooet District has been the completion of the trail leading from Lillooet to Howe Sound or Burrard Inlet, 164 miles in
length, to enable cattle from the interior to reach the seaboard.
In the Public Works Report for the year 1876, will be found a history of the difficulties which have presented themselves in connection with this work, together with a
statement of the amounts expended during the years 1873, 1874, and 1875, amounting
in all to $23,438 87. Notwithstanding, however, the expenditure of this large sum,
no practical result followed, as the trail was not opened for travel. As mentioned in my
last Report, an experienced Engineer was despatched last season to carefully examine
the proposed line for the road to follow. Early in the present year, in accordance with
the expressed wishes of the Legislature, work was recommenced upon the trail, and I
am glad to have the pleasure of informing Tour Honour that cattle have, this autumn,
passed in safety over the road to the sea coast.
In the description given of works in the Lillooet District during the present year, 41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 26S)
will be seen a report from the Superintendent in charge of this work, showing the
number of bridges constructed, the difficulties with which he has had to contend, and
the condition of the trail at the termination of his labours. It was considered more
advantageous to carry out the undertaking by day work than by contract, as such
an extreme length of road, passing as it does over high altitudes and through
such a rough country, must always be more or less subject to sudden freshets and land
slides. As it was determined to open the trail this season, it would have been impossible
to have had plans and specifications prepared with sufficient exactitude to have enabled
contractors to estimate upon the work. The amount appropriated by the Legislature
has not admitted of more work being done than was absolutely necessary to allow of
the passage of cattle over the route in safety.
As such a large sum was required to open this trail, the other works in this district
were of a light nature.
The trunk road in the Lillooet District has received its usual care, and many substantial improvements effected, such as a new bridge, gravelling, &c, &c.
The Cayoosh Creek and Bridge River bridges, commenced last year, have been
completed.
In the Cariboo District considerable attention has been devoted to the improvement
of the main trunk road. Many new bridges have been constructed, and a new structure
is now in course of erection over the Cottonwood River, to replace the original which is
unsafe for travel. A large amount of cribwork has been removed and gravelling done
in those places most requiring repair.
In some places the course of the road has been altered from its original line to
avoid steep grades, and all the work performed has been of a most thoroughly permanent description.
The trail to Cunningham Creek has been opened up, and the Canon Creek trail has
also been completed; this latter is a first-class trail, and will doubtless eventually prove
of great value.
From Mitchell's Bridge, which is in a state of decay, a new trail has been made to
the North Fork Bridge over Quesnelle River, thus avoiding the necessity and expense of
constructing a new bridge at the former place.
Some work has also been done on the bulkhead at Barkerville, to prevent the water
breaking over the dam constructed last year in the town.
The Keithley and Lowhee Creek trails, and other local trails, have been cut out and
otherwise improved during the season, and are now in fair condition. In the more particular description given of the public works in this district will be observed a report
from the Road Superintendent on a proposed line of trail from Soda Creek to the Chilcotin Country, west of the Fraser River, where a number of settlers have located and
where a valuable tract of country awaits settlement.
I have to inform you, with satisfaction, that the Quesnelle Bridge was completed and
opened for travel in the spring, and now in its altered position will, it is confidently
believed, be perfectly secure against any body of water that it may have to resist.
Early in the spring Mr. W. Ralph, C. E., was despatched to Kootenay, to report on
the survey of a line or lines to cross Kootenay, or both Kootenay and St. Mary's Rivers.
He reported that the safest course would be to cross the Kootenay River about five
miles above the present ferry, as the river was straight and free from drift timber.
Mr. Ralph's report, and that of Mr. Gold Commissioner Booth—the latter on the trails,
etc/throughout the district—will be found further on.
Work in Cassiar District was commenced this season by despatching Mr. T.
Robertson early in the spring, provided with a wire rope to suspend across the Taltan,
or first North Fork of the Stickeen River, near the bridge. It was anticipated that this
bridge would be washed away on the breaking up of the ice. This rope was placed in
position as proposed, but as the Taltan bridge sustained no damage the rope was
removed and stretched across the second North Fork, This turned out a fortunate
precaution, as the second bridge gave way. This bridge was a temporary suspension
affair erected in 1876, and the cause of its loss was the failure of one of the abutments.
The traffic sustained no material check, as during the building of a new and more substantial structure, the animals were swam, and freight and passengers conveyed across
the -wire rope by the aid of a cage or basket attached thereto.
The other work on trails, &c, throughout the district will be found annexed in 270 Report oe Public Works. 1877
a more detailed form, together with general report of the Superintendent for the year.
A report also from the Gold Commissioner of the district, complaining of the great
want of convenient Government offices in the district, is added.
I submit herewith a more detailed statement of buildings, roads and bridges
constructed during the year, &c, &Ci
Victoria Electoral District,
Roads and Bridges,
Contracts.
Repairs, Saanich Road, City Boundary to Swan Lake.
William H. Snider, superintendent.
James Baker, contractor at $1,940.
Re-grading, 2,587 yards, 23 feet wide.
Ditching, 2,507 yards, 2 feet wide, 6 inches deep, on both sides of road
Gravelling, 2,455 yards, 13 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Macadam, rock, 132 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep
Gravelling, 132 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Stone wall, 95 feet long, 2$ feet high.
Repairing 1 culvert.
Repairs to Burnside Road, between Munger's and Rowland's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
W. Tierney, contractor at $835.
Grading, 1,337 yards, 20 feet wide.
Ditching, 1,337 yards, 2 feet wide, 6 inches deep, on both sides of road.
Gravelling, 1,337 yards, 10 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Hole filled with broken stone and gravel.
Repairs, East Saanich Road, John's Fence to Simpson's,
J. Nicholson, superintendent.
W. Tierney, contractor at $1,185.
Grading, 1,656 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 317 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 1,656 yards, 40 feet wide.
5 culverts, 2 feet by 1J feet by 21 feet long.
1 culvert, 2 feet by 1 foot by 40 feet long.
Extra grading, 309 yards, 20 feet wide, at 70 cents per yard.
Extra culvert, $8.
Repairs, Cadboro Bay Road, from Todd's fence northward.
W. H. Snider, superintendent.
James Baker, contractor at $343.
Grading, 440 yards, 20 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 440 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 440 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert, 2J feet by 1J feet, 20 feet long.
Repairs to Cross Road. Cedar Hill Road to Pollock's.
W. H. Snider, superintendent.
James Baker, contractor at $365.
Grading, 630 yards, 18 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 630 yards, 9 leet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravel, 30 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert, 2J feet by 1$ feet by 19 feet long. 41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 513
Sleigh Road prom Stelly's to Brown's, cross road.
Alphonse Verdier, contractor at $150.
Grading (partial), li miles, 12 feet wide.
All rocks, stumps, &c, removed li miles, 12 feet wide.
3 culverts, 1J feet by 1 foot by 19 feet.
1 bridge, 14 feet long, 4 feet high.
Repairs, Cedar Hill Road.
W. H. Snider, superintendent.
W. Baker, contractor at $725.
Graded, 1,625 yards, 23 feet wide.
Gravelled, 1,625 yards, 25 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
3 culverts, 2J feet by \\ feet by 25 feet long.
2 culverts repaired,
1 culvert, 2|- feet by 1\ feet by 20 feet long.
1 bridge removed.
Repairs, Mount Newton Cross Road, from Prairie Tavern to Henderson's.
J. Nicholson, superintendent.
Wm. Thompson, contractor at $975.
Graded, 1,053 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled, 1,053 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert, 2J feet by lj feet by 19 feet long.
North Saanich, Ryan's corner to Bryden's fence.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
Wm. Bryden, contractor (verbal) at $100.
Sleigh road, 1,700 yards, 10 feet wide.
North Saanich Cross Road, Ryan's to Wain's„
John Nicholson, superintendent.
H. Simpson, contractor (verbal) at $120.
Grading, 244 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 244 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Clearing trees, &c, off portions of the road.
Sleigh Road from Section 86 to West Saanich Road.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
John Kranz, contractor (verbal) at $90.
Constructing sleigh road, 1,650- yards, 12 feet wide.
Day Work.
The undermentioned work has been performed by day work, under the superintendence of foremen :—
John Nicholson, foreman.
Cross Road from Burnside to Saanich Road.
Grading, 3,520 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelling, 30 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 3,520 yards, 20 feet wide.
1 bridge, 25 feet long, 16 feet wide, 6 feet high.
7 culverts, 2J feet by 1J feet by 18 feet long.
Colquitz Road, from Cook's to Curry's.
Grading 150 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling 50 yards, 9 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
9 culverts, 2 feet by 1 foot by 18 feet long. 272 Report oe Public Works. 1877
Mount Tolmie Cross Road, from Cedar Hill to Saanich Road.
Forest clearing, 1,700 yards, 30 feet wide.
1 bridge, 25 feet long, 14 feet wide, 7 feet high.
Mud sills, 12 x 14 inches.
Stringers, 12 x 12 inches.
Covering, 3-inch planks.
3 culverts, 2J feet by lj feet by 18 feet long.
W. H. Snider, foreman.
Between Stevens' and Royal Oak, near Wales'.
Macadam, rock, 154 yards, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Gravelling 154      „      12       „ 6 „
Do.      " 39      „      12       „ 6 „
Road widened, 231 yards, 3 feet wide.
Rock blasted to clear ditches.
West Saanich Road, near Hogan's Bridge.
. Grading 140 yards, 20 feet wide.
Broken stone, 140 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep. ,
From Butler's to Stevens', West Saanich Road.
Grading 180 yards, 20 feet wide.
Broken stone, 180 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Near Prospect Lake Road, road changed.
Forest clearing, 180 yards, 3,0 feet wide.
Grading 180 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling 130 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
2 culverts, 2J feet by 1$ feet by 22 feet long.
From Stevens' to Royal Oak.
Hill cut down, 54 yards long, 22 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Hollow filled, 100 yards long, 22 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Macadam, rock, 133 yards long, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Gravel, 133 yards long, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
West Saanich Road, Butler's to Hogan's Bridge.
Grading 807 yards, 20 feet wide.
Broken stone, 807 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
1 bridge repaired.
7 culverts repaired.
John Nicholson, foreman.
Saanich Road, from Buck's yard to Swan Lake.
1 culvert, 2 feet by 1 foot by 27 feet long.
1 culvert, 2 feet by 1} feet by 26 feet long.
East Saanich Road. Sandy Hill Bridge.
Gravelling 100 yards, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Grading 170 feet, 20 feet wide, 6 feet deep.
Cribbing, 7 feet high.
1 bridge raised 6 feet and repaired.
Mount Tolmie Cross Road, near King's.
Grading 130 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling 75 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
In addition to the work enumerated above, the usual amount of repairs have been
made to the covering of bridges, culverts, &c, &c. 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 273
Esquimalt Electoral District.
Esquimalt Graving Dock.
With respect to the contract awarded to Messrs. Reed Bros., of London, for the
construction of a Cofferdam at Esquimalt, I have to inform your Honour that although
considerable progress has been made since my last report, the contract has not been
completed as was anticipated. Upon the 28th May, 1877, a communication was
received from the Resident Engineer, recommending that the contractors should be
urged to exercise more expedition, in order to derive full advantage from the low state
of the tides which seem to occur only in the summer and autumn months. The contractors were accordingly notified of the unsatisfactory progress made with the work
as follows:—
" Lands and Works Department,
"Victoria, B. C, 12th July, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the
7th inst., enclosing a statement of work executed upon the Esquimalt Cofferdam from
31st December, 1876, to 30th June, 1877, a period of six months.
"In reply, I beg to call your attention to the representations forwarded to this office
by you in your letter of 25th January, 1877, in which you remark that ' nevertheless, if
' the time limit for completion is extended to the end of July proximo, I have little
' doubt of my being able to complete the work satisfactorily at that date, and, as the
' interests of my principals demand, I shall use every endeavour to accomplish this end,
' sooner if possible.'
"In a letter dated 29th May, 1877, your attention was directed to the unsatisfactory
progress made towards the construction of the Cofferdam at Esquimalt, as represented
to me by the Engineer acting for the Government, and I now have to express my surprise that, notwithstanding the indulgence of the Government in having acceded to your
request for an extension of the time limit in consideration of your statement that every
exertion would be used by you to complete the work sooner than the 31st July, as the
interests of your principals demanded, I learn that such trivial progress has been made
during the past six months, covering the most favourable portion of the year, as only to
enable the Resident Engineer to issue a certificate for the sum of One thousand six
hundred and ninety-six forty-eight hundredth dollars. In clause 68 of the Specifications
you will observe that no certificate will be granted for a less sum than Two thousand
five hundred dollars, unless, as stated in clause 70, other advances of money may be
agreed upon between the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works and the contractor.
"As no agreement of this nature has taken place, I must decline to entertain any
certificate unless at least of the amount above stated, viz : $2500. No further advances
on account of material will be made.
"I have, etc.
(Signed) "F. Geo. Vernon.
" C. E. Lawson, Esq., C. E.,
"Agent Messrs Beed Bros. & Co., London."
To which the agent for the contractors replied, July 16th, 1877, in the following
language:—
"Esquimalt, B. O, July 16th, 1877.
Esquimalt Cofferdam.
" Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 12th
inst. In reply, I beg to inform you that I have used every endeavour to bring about
the result I anticipated when I applied for an extension of the time limit for the completion of the. Cofferdam on the 24th January last.
"Various circumstances, however, have combined to prevent the works from progressing as rapidly as I then hoped. 274 Report oe Public Works. 1877
"The impoi'tance of the dredging operations have been very greatly underrated, both
as regards the quality and quantity of the material to be removed, and the difficulties
to be overcome, as also the time required for the execution of the work and its cost.
"In the first place the construction of the dredging machine occupied a much longer
time than was expected; a great deal of contrivance was necessary to make it suitable
to the purpose. The exceptional manner in which the dredger would have to operate,
rendered the use of any of the known and tried dredging machines impossible.
" During the time the dredger was under construction, the builders had several
large jobs on hand; I did not cease to urge on the work as fast as possible, but its completion was nevertheless greatly retarded.
" Very great difficulty was experienced when the dredger was finished in getting it
properly slung, and in finding means to enable the steam engine to work it. Properly
two separate engines were required, but neither was the staging strong enough nor the
travelling platform suitable to bear the extra weight.
" After much trouble, however, and at great expense, the various difficulties were
overcome and the dredging was commenced and pushed forward rapidly. But it at
once became evident that the material to be dredged out was very different from what
it was hitherto supposed to be.
" Instead of ' soft mud and sand' and shells, it was found to be very hard, heavy
and compact, and in a great measure to consist of boulders, broken rock and stones.
These catching- between the jaws of the dredger prevent its closing, the result being
that the material dug up falls out of the dredger on its being raised.
" This is constantly occurring, eight or ten dips being often required before one
single cubic yard of material has been raised. This is the cause of the greatest portion
of the delay, and one to which there is no remedy.
" In the next place the quantity of dredging to be done far exceeds that reckoned
upon. The borings show a depth averaging from two to three feet, whereas in fact the
depth has hitherto been found to be nearer double that figure.
" Towards the middle of the dam, where there is the least dredging to be done, the
depth of material taken out is about four feet, and towards the shore ends the depth
increases in rapid proportion, reaching in some places as much as nearly seven feet.
" Various other obstacles have helped to cause delay. Several times" breakages
have occurred in the machinery, requiring time to remedy. One serious accident happened which caused very considerable loss of time and a very heavy cost to repair.
" At a point well out in the bay, the dredger met and grasped what is supposed to
be a large boulder, firmly embedded in the clay; on being hoisted up the bottom of the
dredger was forced out, the lever arms broken or bent, and the whole machine forced
and twisted out of shape.
" It was at once sent up to Victoria for repair, but was so much injured that it was
found necessary to pull it completely to pieces and entirely reconstruct it.
" Several large boulders have since been encountered and some successfully raised
by the machine.
" Since the dredging was commenced the machinery has not for one day been idle
from any preventable cause.
" Had I not believed that you were fully aware of the great delay and difficulty
that the dredging operations were entailing upon me, I should have considered it my
duty, both to you and to my principals, long since to have reported the matter fully to
you in writing.
" Hitherto I have not received the slightest intimation that it was considered tho
dredging operations were not being pushed forward as fast as possible.
" In your letter of the 29th May last you intimated that full advantage was not
being taken of the favourable state of the tides. This could only point to the execution
of works other than the dredging, the carrying on of which is not dependent upon low
tides.
" The only work that could be undertaken until the dredging (according to specification) was completed, consisted in the blasting out of rock between high and low
water, for the reception of the toe balks of the shore end portions of the dam. This
matter was attended to and the greater portion of the rock blasting was done.
" When you are fully informed of the circumstances attending the dredging operations, I am convinced that you will no longer deem the progress made trivial, 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 275
" With regard to the promise I made to use every endeavour to finish the work
before the end of July, as the interests of my principals demanded, I must beg leave to
say that that promise has been fully redeemed, and to repeat that every exertion has
been made to carry out the work without delay.
" I have never ceased to invite inspection of the manner in which the works have
been carried out, as the difficulties of the various operations would thereby become
more fully apparent, and I was quite confident that every reasonable means were being
employed to avoid delay.
'-' The cost of all the works hitherto executed, and especially ,of the dredging, has
far exceeded the prices to be paid for them by the Government. This has already
entailed the loss of a very large amount of money by Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co., nevertheless they have endeavoured to carry out their contract faithfully and well, and have
moreover submitted without complaint to having some of the advances withheld, the
payment of which they had every right to expect.
" I must now beg respectfully to point out to you that the amount of the last certificate issued by the Resident Engineer is in excess of the $2,500 required, and that the
sum which may be paid under it reaches $4,133 28, therefore Messrs. Reed & Co. are
fully entitled to a payment under this certificate.
" Payment has not hitherto been refused upon the ground that the amount was
insufficient. Tour present refusal has, therefore, taken me completely by surprise and is
putting me to very serious inconvenience.
" However, I have little doubt that you will reconsider the matter and allow a
payment when you have read the foregoing explanations of the delays in the execution
of the works, and the other statements I have made, and also when you bear in mind
that during all these unexpected delays a very large outlay has been made, so that a
payment at the present moment must necessarily be a matter of great importance to me.
" For the same reasons I have every hope that you will also reconsider the matter
as regards the advances upon materials. I must, however, respectfully observe that in
most contracts of this kind the advances upon materials are made payable upon the
same conditions as those for work executed. That even when the payment is discretionary, the Contractor always reckons upon its receipt, for it is only under very
extreme circumstances, such as wilful neglect or actual dishonesty on the part of a
Contractor, that these advances are ever withheld; for it would be most unreasonable
for a Government, or other party, being fully secured by having a lien upon materials
furnished by a Contractor at considerable outlay, to withhold, without a very serious
cause, the contemplated advance of a small proportion of its actual value.
" I have had considerable experience of contracts for works, and for ten years as a
Government Engineer, but I have never yet met with a contract where advances upon
materials were withheld.
" I must now request that you will grant a further extension of the time limit for
the completion of the works.
"It would be almost impossible to specify a date on which the works can be finished
until the dredging operations are completed, for it will greatly depend upon the nature
of the soil and obstacles met with how long they will yet occupy. The presence of
more boulders might also occasion further accidents and delays.
"I would therefore suggest that a further extension of time should be granted, the
term of which should be fixed upon when the dredging is finished. In the meantime,
of course, the works must be carried on with energy and diligence.
" I can the more readily apply for an extension of time as it must be apparent to
any person, who has taken the trouble to enquire into the matter, that the only real
sufferers by the delays in the completion of the Cofferdam are Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co.
It is to their interest to complete this job as soon as possible, and they would hardly bo
willing to continue to pay a large salary to an Engineer to direct a small body of men
if it were possible to employ with advantage a much more powerful force, and thus to
complete the works in a shorter time.
" It is quite evident that the Cofferdam can easily be finished a long while before it
is required.   If tenders for the construction of the Dock were called for to-morrow, there 276 Report oe Public Works. 1877
can be no doubt that at least ten months must elaj)se before a contract could be concluded and measures for commencing work taken.
" Awaiting your favourable reply,
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) "E. C. Dawson,
" Agent for Messrs. Beed Bros. & Co., London.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
This statement was forwarded to the agent for the Engineers acting for the
Government, who reported upon the matter^ to the following effect:—
"Engineer's Office,
" Esquimalt, B. C, 23rd July, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 21st ult.,
enclosing copy of a communication from Messrs. Reed Bros, agent, and have now the
honour to report thereon.
"I am very sorry to find that Messrs. Reed Bros. ' every endeavour' to complete
tho Cofferdam contract by the 31st prox. has been such an utter failure, but quite agree
with their agent's remark 'that the dredging operations have been greatly underrated,'
such no doubt, as far as the contractors are concerned, is literally the fact. The
necessity of having the dredging machine completed as soon as the stage piling was
driven never seemed to have struck them; the consequence, unfortunately, was a clear
loss of three months' time.
" Since the machine has been at work no unnecessary delay has occurred, and
without doubt the material dredged has been harder and the quantity greater than the
borings indicated.
" Of the accident to the dredging machine, I have already informed you; this caused
another fortnight's loss of time.
"As to the contractors' inability to proceed with work, other than dredging
operations, they might, I think, have completed the earth dam and also the tramway
which must be erected to convey the puddle to the dam, and besides blasting the rocks,
have also built the dam on the approaches. Their attention should be immediately directed
to this, and looking moreover at the advanced stage of the season they should display
extra energy in finishing the dredging by working both day and night, as no piling with
the present plant can possibly be done till the dredging is entirely finished.
" As to the payment of Certificate No. 3, I would suggest, seeing that the contractors
are undoubtedly a considerable sum out of pocket on account of the dredging machine,
&c, that the amount due to them for work executed, viz., $1,696 48, be paid; and to avoid
future complications in the accounts, if the 10 per cent, payable on the first lot of material
were advanced when the next Certificate becomes due, matters would be simplified.
" With Mr. Dawson's experience as a Government Engineer, I am surprised that in
asking for a third extension of time, he should not have fixed on some definite date; an
unlimited time for the completion of a contract is a thing unheard of.
" I cannot agree with Mr. Dawson on his bare assertion that it is quite evident the
Cofferdam can be easily finished long before it is required, or that ten months must
elapse before a contract for the Dock can be concluded. These are matters which can
be possibly of no concern to him, and furnish, no argument for delay in the.completion
of the contract in which his principals are concerned. I cannot agree with him, further,
when he says that the only real sufferers by the delays in the completion of the work are
the Messrs. Reed Bros.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) " W. Bennett.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
Upon receipt of Mr. Bennett's letter, a further communication was sent to Mr.
Dawson;— 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 277
" Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, B. O, 30th July, 1877.
" Sir.—With reference to your communication of the 16th instant, I have to inform
you that the matter has been submitted to the Engineer acting for the Government,
and after a careful consideration of the report obtained from him, it has been deemed
advisable to concur with his recommendation with respect to the payment stated to be
due to Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co. on Certificate No. 3, viz., $1,696 48.
" In making this concession I desire once more to impress upon you the urgent
necessity of pushing on the work with more energy than, has been exhibited in the
past; and as no piling can be driven until the dredging is entirely finished, it must be
apparent to you that to carry on these operations with all possible expedition the work
ought to have been, and should henceforth be, conducted at night as well as during the
day.
" It is also suggested by Mr. Bennett, the Resident Engineer, that the earth dam
should be completed, and in addition to blasting the rocks the Cofferdam should be also
constructed in the approaches, and the tramway (which must be erected to convey
material to the dam) completed.
" The question of granting a further extension of time will receive consideration
hereafter, and be dependent upon the exertion used to hasten the progress of the work
during the next few weeks.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) "F. Geo. Vernon.
" C. E. Lawson, Esq.,
"Agent Messrs. Seed Bros. & Go-, London."
Upon the 5th November, Mr. Bennett reported that the work was progressing
satisfactorily, and the report furnished by him to this department will show the
progress made with the work up to date:—
"Engineer's Office,
" Esquimalt, B. O, 31st December, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to report progress to date, on the Cofferdam works at
Esquimalt.
" The staging, which at the end of last year was completed with the exception of
one bay, was finished during the early weeks of this year, as was also the travelling-
platform which carries the pile-driver.
"To the pile-driver, with some amount of trouble and ingenuity, the dredging
machine was attached and the hoisting engine adapted to 'work it. It is, however,
much to be regretted that three months' valuable time was lost at this period, as the
dredging machine was not ready and did not commence work till April 13th.
"From this date to September 22nd, when the dredging was completed, it was
constantly at work, on many days from daylight to dark, with the exception of a few
days in May, from the 16th to the 29th, when the jaws of the machine were broken
owing to their having fouled a largo boulder.
" The quantity of material dredged during these five months was, owing to the
depth of sand, &c, overlying the clay, about double the estimated quantity, and
amounted to 1,554 cubic yards. The dredgings consisted of sand and shells, very
compact, with which were mixed boulders varying in weight from half a pound to half
a ton, and which by means of hopper barges were deposited on the eastern side of
Thetis Cove.
" As soon as this tedious and difficult operation was satisfactorily finished—for no
piles could be driven till such was the case—no time was lost in dismantling the
dredging machine and preparing the pile-driver for its legitimate use, and on September
29th piling for the dam was commenced and has continued to date.
" The dam will consist of three rows of piles, all of sawn timber, the outer and
middle rows driven at a distance of 8 feet 3 inches apart, from centre to centre, and the
inside 11 feet 2 inches from the middle row. The outer and middle rows are of
sheeting piles 12 inches square, with gauge piles 15 inches square occurring every 8
feet 3 inches, driven into the clay from 6 to 8 feet, excepting the gauge piles, which are
driven 10 feet. The inside row is of 9-inch sheeting, with 15-inch gaug e piles driven 4
20 278 Report oe Public Works. 1877
and 6 feet into the clay respectively. The space between the outer and middle rows
will be filled with clay puddle to 7 feet above high water mark, and that between the
middle and inside rows with rubbish, clay and stones to the level of low water mark, to
act as a backing. The whole will bo secured with four tiers of walings on the inside
and outside of the outer and middle rows of piles, bolted through at every gauge pile,
the middle row being again bolted and also strutted to the inside row.
" The clay into which the piles are being driven is very hard, as the following
details of the driving of one of the gauge piles will prove:—The pile was 44 feet 5
inches long and 15 inches square, shod with a wrought iron shoe. The depth of water
when driving was 27 feet; weight of hammer, 2,200 lbs.; fall of hammer at first blow, 7
feet, increasing gradually to 76th blow, when fall was 17 feet 2 incites, the depth the
pile was driven being 10 feet 2 inches.
" The compactness of the clay is a good feature in the work, as the liability to the
dam ' blowing' is reduced to a minimum when the piles are driven well into it.
" To the present time 263 piles have been driven in the outer and middle rows,
equivalent to 11,659 cubic feet, and a portion of the 2ndand3ndtier of walings, equivalent
to 891 cubic feet, has been fixed with 8 wrought iron tie bolts If inches diameter, and 8
ditto 2 inches diameter.
" The depth of water at the site of the dam is so great, varying from 25 to over 30
feet, according to the tides, that pile-driving is by no means very rapid work, so much
time being necessarily occupied in pitching the pile well and truly. I trust, however,
now that the work is fairly in hand nothing will interfere to prevent its being brought
to a rapid and satisfactory conclusion.
" At the eastern end, 22 cubic yards of rock have been blasted to form a trench for
the dam between high and low water mark.
" The remainder of the pumping machinery from Messrs. Watt & Co. arrived per
" Mountain Laurel" at Esquimalt on February 24th, and its delivery was completed on
April 7th. It turned out in good order, with the exception of two castings broken in
transit, and has been carefully cleaned and safely stowed. An accident occurred in
landing one of the boilers, owing to the breaking of a tackle, of which I have had the
honour to report to you on already. It has been repaired and tested to my satisfaction;
the broken castings are being replaced by new ones from the makers in England, at the
cost of the owners of the ship, who were also liable and paid for the repairs to the
damaged boiler.
" I have lately made further tests of the Portland cement stored at Esquimalt, and
while that in the fir casks did not give such a high percentage of excellence as it did
twelve months since, still that in the oak casks is apparently as good as ever.
"The portion of the coal sheds on Thetis Island, which was lent to the contractors
for offices and workshops, was demanded back and delivered to the Admiralty authorities on July 26th.
" The plans for the Graving Dock were received from Messrs. Kinipple & Morris,
of London, on April 4th, and specifications for the same, and also for the caisson at a
later date.
"In the hope that in my next annual report I shall have the pleasure of announcing
the completion of the Cofferdam, and that work on the Dock itself has commenced,
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) " W. Bennett,
" To the Honourable " Besident Engineer,
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
The total amount paid to Mr. Dawson, agent for Messrs. Reed Bros,, of London, up
to the present time, has been $16,937 35.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts,
Otter Point Trail, from Sooke Road to Otter Point,
Thomas Tugwell, contractor at $85.
Clearing trail 8 feet wide. 41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 279
Trail from Sooke Harbour to Vine's.
Mclntyre, Wilson & Co., contractors at $715.
Forest cleared 8 feet wide.
Graded 3 feet wide.
Bridging, 124 feet,  6 feet high, 8 feet wide.
Do.      132   „    12
8
Do.        60   „   10
8
Do.        54   „     8
8
Do.        56   „     7
8
Do.        56   „     5
8
2 culverts, 12 inches by
18 inches.
5       „       2 feet by 3 feet.
6       „       3 feet by 4 feet.
1       „       15 inches by
3 feet.
Corduroying, 438 feet.
Cribwork, 40 feet long,
5 feet high
Dr. Foster's to Stewart's.
John H. Scafe, contractor (verbal) at $50.
Graded, 160 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched, 160 yards, 1J feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled, 160 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs, Belmont Road.
Robert Cessford, contractor (verbal) at $30.
Grading, 219 yards, 15 feet wide.
Ditching, 219 yards, 2 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs, Leech River Trail, Leech River to Goldstream Bridge.
Fell & Co., contractors (verbal) at $95.
14 bridges, repairing.
Clearing trail from Commissioner's House to Goldstream.
Sooke Road.
Michael Muir, contractor (verbal) at $71.
Clearing trees off Sooke Road, whitewashing Sooke River Bridge, &c.
Day Work.
John Nicholson, foreman.
Parsons' Bridge.
This bridge is formed of 6 spans, centre span 70 feet, 1 span of 30 feet, and 4 spans
of 21 feet each.
4 stringers in each span, ] 0 inches by 14 inches.
Cedar mud sills, 12 inches by 18 inches, by 30 feet long.
4 posts in each bent, 12 inches by 12 inches.
Caps, 12 inches by 12 inches by 20 feet.
Corbels, 10 inches by 14 inches by 18 feet.
Batter braces, 12 inches by 12 inches.
2 straining beams, 10 inches by 14 inches by 25 feet each.
4 principals, 14 inches by 10 inches by 25 feet each.
2 swing beams, 10 inches by 12 inches by 24 feet each.
4 straining beam bolts and washers, f inch iron, <&c, &c.
Approach on west side, viz.:—
Grading, 50 yards, 25 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 50 yards, 16 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 50 yards, 20 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Approach on east side, viz.:—
Grading, 25 yards, 25 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 25 yards, 20 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 25 yards, 25 feet wide, 10 inehes deep. 280 Report of Public Works. 1877
Repairs to Bridge near Muller's.
Bridge 90 feet long, 12 feet wide, 14 feet high.
3 new bents.
Posts, 12 inches by 12 inches.
1 cap and mud sill.
2 caps and mud sills, 3 inches by 12 inches.
Repairs, Belmont Road.
The old bridge, which was 60 feet long, has been taken out and a culvert put in its
place.
Grading, 25 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 25 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Goldstream Road.
Forest clearing, 270 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 40 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Holes filled with gravel.
Bridge near Horrie's, repairs to
Bridge 36 feet long, 14 feet v
Old 3-inch plank from Parsons' Bridge
Bridge 36 feet long, 14 feet wide, 7 feet high
Repairs to Albert Head Road.
Grading, 300 yards, 16 feet wide.
Handrail put on two bridges and sundry repairs.
1 culvert, 2J feet by 1J feet by 18 feet long.
Metchosin Road, Bilston Hill.
Grading, 149 yards, 20 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Gravelling, 149 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Near Fisher's and Helgesen's.
Forest clearing, 100 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grading, 266 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 266 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs to bridge near Helgesen's.
Bridge 12 feet long, 14 feet high.
Four pieces of cedar covering put on and handrail repaired.
Sooke Road, from Lawrence's to Naylor's farm.
Grading, 1,600 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelling, 200 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep..
2 culverts, 2J feet by 1} feet, 18 feet long.
1 culvert, 2 feet by 1 foot, 15 feet long.
Metchosin Road, near Stephens'.
Gravelling, 184 yards, 12 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
1 culvert, 2| feet by 1J feet, 25 feet long.
Point Ellice Bridge, recovering and repairing.
Bridge 334 feet long, 17J feet wide.
24 new braces, 24 feet by 2 inches by 10 inches.
Planking, 3 inches by 9 inches, 7-inch spikes.
From Gorge Bridge to Metchosin Road.
Gravelling, 481 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
From Austin's to Veitch's.
Gravelling, 135 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
75 feet of new handrailing on Gorge Bridge. 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 281
Esquimalt Road, repairs.
Gravelling, 1,200 yards, 15 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
3 culverts, 2 feet by 1 foot, 26 feet long.
1        „        2-| feet by 1J feet, 26 feet long.
1        „       2 feet by 1 foot, 18 feet long.
Stone wall, 220 feet long, 4 feet high, 2»} feet wide at bottom, and 6 inches at top.
Rough walling approach, 12 feet.
Admiral's Road, repairs.
Gravelling, 225 yards, 10 feet wid , 5 inches deep.
Buildings.
An addition of a lean-to has been made to the machinery warehouse at Esquimalt,
for the purpose of storing the two boilers for the main pumps. Length 36 feet, width
12 feet. The work was done by E. Demuille, by verbal agreement, for $45. The
material was found by the Government.    Total cost, $145.
It having been reported that a large tract of desirable farming land had been discovered in the neighbourhood of San Juan River by parties making their way from
Leech River to San Juan River, in search of gold, Mr. A. R. Howse was instructed, on
the 4th July, 1877, to proceed to the locality referred to and examine the same. Mr.
Howse's report is annexed hereto:—
" Victoria, B. O, 10th August, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit an account of my proceedings during the time
I have been absent from Victoria, exploring part of the country lying between the
Jordan and Sombrio Rivers, on the Northern coast of the Straits of Juan de Fuca.
" On the 5th July I left Victoria for Sooke, accompanied by Mr. William Tolmie,
and on the following day, Mr. John Weir, of Metchosin, joined the party. As there was
some difficulty in getting Indians to pack, I had to remain at Sooke until the roturn of
Mr. Michael Muir from Victoria, who kindly allowed three Indians, then working at his
mill, to accompany me. During this delay I employed my time in making inquiries
from Indians and others respecting the country I was about to explore, and also in
examining the country east of Sooke Harbour, through which I was instructed to select
and blaze a line for a trail.
" On Saturday Mr. Muir returned, which enabled me to complete my arrangements
on tho following day. Early on Monday morning I started by canoe for Jordan River,
but owing to head winds (which increased to half a gale) I was compelled to put into
Muir Creek for shelter, and remain there until four o'clock the following morning, when
we resumed our journey and reached Jordan River in the forenoon. The remainder of the
day was occupied in preparing for the journey.
" On the 11th I travelled down the coast to the second stream west of the Jordan,
the Indians making two trips packing forward the provisions and camp equipage. We
examined further down the coast with a view of getting an easier ascent of the mountain, but finally decided to follow the course of the stream as far as practicable.
"On the 12th we ascended the mountain, following the course of the stream for
about li miles to a deep canon, when I took a westerly course and reached a stream
running parallel to the last mentioned stream, following this northerly for about half a
mile, and then westerly to a large stream which we followed in a northerly direction
until we reached an altitude of 850 feet, where we camped for the night.
" 13th July.—I sent the Indians back to bring up the balance of the provisions, and
with Messrs. Tolmie and Weir, continued the ascent of the mountain to its summit, the
barometer indicating 2170 feet above the level of the sea. From this point I obtained a
partial view, between the trees, of a valley about four miles in width, on the north side,
which appeared to be open country. The ground over which we had travelled is remarkable for almost the entire absence of stone or rock, except in the beds of the streams
and on the summit. The whole mountain is covered with a magnificent growth of timber, comprising white pine, Douglas pine, hemlock, and spruce, some of them clear of
knots or branches from 60 to 90 feet in height, with an underbrush of young hemlock 282 Report of Public Works. 1877
and wineberry bushes. On returning to camp, Mr. Weir, who was carrying a game bag,
containing the aneroid barometer, &c, had the misfortune to lose the instrument. It is
supposed that in crossing some of the logs it must have fallen out. The loss was not
discovered until we arrived in camp.
"Saturday, 14th.—Tracked up the course of yesterday in search of the barometer,
but failed to find it.    The Indians were employed in packing the provisions forward.
" Sunday, 15th.—Struck camp and proceeded west to a stream about a quarter of a
mile distant, and running north and south, parallel to the last stream; followed this
stream in a northerly direction to within a mile of the backbone of the mountain range.
The timber and soil of the same character as found on Friday last, but the underbrush
thicker and more fallen timber, making the packing more difficult.
"Monday, 16th.—Continued the exploration northward through what appeared to
be a lower divide in the mountains, but found it to run out in a spur. Found the timber
consisted of cypress, cedar, hemlock, spruce, and a few Douglas pines, smaller in growth
but closer together; the country to the westward appearing to be more open,
"Tuesday, 17th.—Shifted camp and followed the north-west branch of the stream
where we struck the blaze of the party who reported prairie land in this locality. At
about li miles from the junction of the streams, in a north-westerly direction, we came
to a small lake, surrounded by about sixty acres of open ground, covered with moss
about two feet in depth; then followed a northerly course and crossed five similar open
patches with small ponds, containing in the aggregate about 150 acres.; thence in a northeasterly direction, through some swampy land with a few open patches of coarse grass.
I estimate the distance from the coast at about eight miles, and the altitude at 1700 feet
above sea level.
Wednesday, 18th.—Examined high land north of the camp, and found it to be the
north end of the spur above referred to; from thence I followed an easterly course for
about half a mile, thence north-east for three and a half miles, and came to a level tract
of land with patches of grass and open timber; soil, second rate, with sandy clay subsoil
and the surface covered with a deep bed of moss. The timber consists of cypress, cedar,
hemlock, and spruce. The top and northern slope of the Coast Range are covered with
an underbrush of blue wineberry bushes; the bloom on .the fruit and large growth indicate a moist climate. Around the small lakes, willow bushes are often met with, and
swamps and water in every direction.
" Thursday, 19th.—Examined the country westward of the camp, and found nothing
but mossy, swamp land. At about two and a half miles from the camp, in a north-westerly direction, came to a lake of about 25 acres, surrounded as usual by mossy swamp
and scattered trees, most of them dead, with the appearance of a similar country southwest and north-west. Changed my course to due north and entered timbered land, and
descended the northern slope of the mountain at an angle of about 50°; the mountain then
slopes at an angle of 70°, and apparently still steeper lower down, forming a canon with
the coast range of mountains of the Leech Range, the Jordan River dividing the
mountains. Returned to the open land and followed a south-easterly direction to the
camp. All the open ground in this direction was found to be swamp, covered with
layers of moss, two to three feet in thickness. The ridges are mossy and covered with
an underbrush of wineberry bushes. There is a great deal of dead, standing timber, but
no signs of fire.
"Friday, 20th.—Struck camp and proceeded in a north-westerly direction across the
valley, or rather to lowest level part of the mountains (which I estimate at about 1500
feet above sea level) to the Leech Range. On this line we passed through patches of
swamp prairie, with belts of green and dead timber, the whole surface being covered
with moss from two to three feet in depth, thoroughly saturated with water, which must
account for the large quantity of dead timber. Every year adds largely to the moss,
which holds the surface water like a sponge, and thereby causes the decay of the trees.
On reaching the north side of the plains we came to a high hill, which we ascended for
about a quarter of a mile and then descended, at an angle of 40°, to the Jordan River,
which runs through a gorge between the mountains. The bed of this river is slate, and
has the appearance of gold-bearing from the broken quartz found amongst the gravel
beds. The mountain north of the river rises at an angle of 45°. On the mountains the
timber is large and comprises white pine, fir, cedar, hemlock, and spruce, and the underbrush a thick taDgle of wineberry bushes.    Camped at the river. 41 ViC. Report of Public Works. 283
"Saturday, 21st.—Struck camp and returned over the mountains to the plains;
thence in an east and south-easterly direction, across low, timbered hills, to a stream running east, which I followed for a short distance and camped. In the afternoon went to
the top of a high bill, and found that it was the commencement of a range of hills running in a southerly direction. To the eastward the country appeared more open; I
therefore returned to camp, deciding to follow the stream downwards.
" Sunday, 22nd.—Rain throughout the night and forenoon. Remained in camp.
Indians employed in packing forward provisions.
" Monday, 23rd.—Struck camp and followed the stream, which runs due east. The
whole bed of this stream is filled with boulders and small gravel beds at intervals, and
in some places the rocky sides forming into small canons. Could find no traces of gold
or other metals, although the rock is principally slate. At a distance of about six
miles it joined the Jordan River, which had altered its course and was found running
south, the width averaging 150 feet.    Camped at the junction of the streams.
"Tuesday, 24th.—Indians returned for the provisions left at the last camp. We
ascended the mountain south of the camp, which rises at an angle of 45° to its summit,
and is probably 3,000 feet in height. The rugged nature of the country rendered travelling difficult. From the top of a precipice we obtained a tolerable good view southward, and found that the Jordan River was running between two ranges of mountains
to the coast. These mountains are exceedingly steep, and covered with a large growth
of timber from base to summit.
" Wednesday, 25th.—Struck camp and followed down the Jordan, sometimes on the
bed of the stream, and at other times (where the rocks and boulders made it both dangerous and difficult for travelling) we followed on the mountain sides, which are covered
with large timber and an underbrush of young hemlocks and berry bushes. Camped on
the south side of the stream, at about eight miles from its mouth.
" Thursday, 26th.—Ascended a mountain on the east side of the river, at an average
angle of 65°. From a craig near the summit we obtained a view of the surrounding
country and the Straits of Juan de Fuca, Point Sherringham bearing south-east and the
course of the river south-west. No signs of open land, nothing but mountains in every
direction. The timber large, chiefly hemlock and cedar, and on the top of the mountain
a few white pine and cypress; underbrush, young hemlock, sallal, and berry bushes.
Indians employred packing forward provisions.
" Friday, 27th.—Struck camp and followed the sides of mountains to avoid the
canons and precipices near the river; the mountains pitching at an angle of 50°, and
deeply scored with gorges and ravines, while craigs and bluff rocks appear everywhere.
Camped on the mountain side.
" Saturday, 28th.—Examined the country west of the Jordan and found it heavily
timbered, some of the trees being the largest we had met with on our journey, one
Douglas pine measuring eleven feet in diameter, and spars running from 80 to 130 feet
without a knot,    No signs of open land or prairie.
Sunday, 29th.—Struck camp and took an easterly course for about three quarters
of a mile, and thence south-east, passing over ground less rocky, but a great quantity of
fallen timber, and the average slope of the mountain not exceeding 38°. The timber is
particularly fine within two miles from the coast, consisting of Douglas pine, spruce,
hemlock and cedar. Reached the mouth of the Jordan River at 8 p. m. Proceeded by
canoe from Jordan River to Sooke, where we arrived at 4 o'clock, p. m,
" I beg to remark that this section of country above referred to is wholly unsuited
for agricultural purposes, and, with the exception of the timber on the southern slope of
the Coast Range, is valueless on account of its inaccessibility. The prairie land reported
to exist on the Jordan must lie considerably to the west or north-west of the point where
I first struck that river (about 15 miles from its mouth), for it was running eastward
through a deep calion between two mountains, and averaged about 80 feet in width, the
bed of the stream being full of large rock and boulders.
"The Jordan River and tributaries have the appearance of gold-bearing, but as I
had no means of properly testing them I am not in a position to give an opinion thereon.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed]        «A, R, Howse.
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works" 284 Report of Public Works. 1877
Cowichan Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Goldstream-Cowichan Road—Section 2.
David Evans, superintendent.
Joseph Nicholson, contractor at $9,627.
Forest clearing, llf miles, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 12 feet wide, distance llf miles, more or less.
Ditching, 1 foot wide, 1 foot deep.
Bridge, 44 feet long, 15 feet high,   12 feet wide.
„   42   ,-,    7   „  , 12
„   25   „    7   „    12
„   25   „    7   „    12
„   56   „    6   „    12
„ 56 „ 6 „ ]2
J bridge, 62 „ 6 „ 12
Bridge, 75   „    5   „    12
,,   33   „    5   „    12
„   45   „    5   „    12
„   33   „    4   „    12
1 Culvert, 3 feet by 5 feet, 13 feet long.
12       „     3    „ 4    „    13       „
19        „     2    „ 3    „    13        „
2 :>       1J   „ 2     »      13 „
Corduroying, 774 feet long, 13 feet wide.
Total side hill cutting, 421J chains long.
This work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Repairs, Road from Harrisville to Sayward's Mill.
David Evans, superintendent.
James Evans, contractor at $364.
Forest clearing, 1,157 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 690     „       14        .,
Do. 467     „       12 „
1 new bridge, 55 feet long, 10 feet high.
3 culverts, 1£ feet by 1 foot each.
Repairs, Dobson's to Harrisville.
D. Evans, superintendent.
Jones & Lewis, contractors at $18.
Forest clearing, 262 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 262 yards, 14 feet wide.
2 culverts, 1-J feet by 1 foot.
Repairs, Trunk Road, Askew's to Chemainus.
David Evans, superintendent.
Joseph Richardson, contractor at $185.
Forest clearing, 467 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grading, 467 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 268 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep
2 culverts, 2 feet by 1 foot, 19 feet long each.
Bridge near Fuller's repaired.
Repairs, Harrisville to Kokasailah.
David Evans, superintendent.
George Jones & Edward Lewis, contractors at $120.
Grading, 258 yards, 12 feet wide.
Filling in, 26 yards, 10 to 12 feet wide.
1 culvert, 2 feet by 1J feet by 18 feet long.
1        „      H „ 1      j, 18        „ 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 285
Flats to Kokasailah Bridge.
David Evans, superintendent.
Robert McLay, contractor, (verbal) $200.
Forest clearing, 323 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 1,123 yards, 12 feet wide.
Bridge near McLay's.
David Evans, superintendent.
Alexander Blyth, contractor, (verbal) at $150.
Building bridge, 117 feet long, 12 feet wide, 13 feet high.
This bridge has substantial crib abutments at both ends.
Thain's to Harrisville.
David Evans, superintendent.
John Dougan, verbal agreement, $100.
Cutting out roots and grading hillocks for distance of 5 miles.
Harrisville to Flats.
David Evans, superintendent.
Matthew Marshall, verbal agreement, $50.
Taking out roots and levelling off for distance of 21 miles.
Kokasailah Road.
D. Evans, superintendent.
Jones & Lewis, contractors at $120.
Forest clearing, 225 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 271 yards, 12 feet wide.
Road from Askew's to Chemainus.
D. Evans, superintendent.
Joseph Richards, contractor, at $180.
Forest clearing, 472 yards, 30 feet wide.
Grading, 472 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 311 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Day Work.
D. Evans, Superintendent.
Cowichan Trunk Road, from Long Bridge to Lomas's.
Forest clearing, 968 yards, 40 feet wide.
Grading, 660 yards, 18 feet wide.
3 culverts, 1J feet by 1 foot by 18 feet long each.
Trunk Road, Duncan's to Mission.
Forest clearing, 720 yards, 40 feet wide.
Graded, 403 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 523 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
1 culvert, 2 feet by H feet by 24 feet long.
»        2    » 1J    I)        18        „
Buildings.
Cowichan Lock-up.
D. Evans, superintendent.
John Bennett, contractor at $495.
This building has been erected near the site of the old Court House, is 24 feet
by 16 feet, inside measurement, and is divided into a Court room, 2 cells, and a
lavatory; floors, sides, ceiling, and partition of cells, are constructed of 2 thicknesses of 2 inch plank laid transversely. 286 ■ Report of Public Works. 1877
The following sums, appropriated for the municipalities in this district, have been
handed over by the Honourable the Minister of Finance to their respective Treasurers :
North Cowichan Municipality $1,500
Salt Spring Island       do  1,000
for disbursement on roads and bridges.
Nanaimo Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Trail from AlbeRni to Qualicum River, and from Qualicum River to Diver Lake.
James Clandenning, superintendent.
Henry McAdie, contractor, at $765.
This work consisted of clearing tho trail of all fallen timber, brush, etc., for a distance of 40 miles, more or less, to the width of 8 feet. The side-hill gradings
were also cleared out, and from Alberni to the north bank of Englishman's River
the corduroying has also been repaired.
Commercial Street Bridge, Nanaimo.
Stone piers.
John Hendry, superintendent.
Richard Nightingale, contractor, at $1,579.
This contract comprised building seven stone piers to carry the wooden superstructure. The piers were started from a solid foundation and carried up with a
batter of 1 foot in 8 feet on all sides, and measured 25 feet in length by 2 feet in
width in the last courses. The facing stones and coping are set in Portland
cement and the walls grouted with strong island lime.
The cement was provided the contractor by tho Government, in addition to the
contract price.
Woodwork, Commercial Street Bridge.
This bridge has been constructed by day work, under tho foremanship of Mr.
William Hendry.
The bridge has been placed in better line, to conform with the general direction
of Commercial street, and been raised some 20 inches higher than the old bridge, in
order to conform with the grades adopted by the Corporation of the City of
Nanaimo.
The size of the bridge is as follows :—
Length, 330 feet.
Width, 19 feet.
Bents, 40 feet centres.
Sills, 12 inches by 18 inches.
Posts, 15 inches by 15 inches.
Caps, 12 inches by 15 inches.
Corbels, 10 inches by 12 inches by 20 feet long.
Corbel braces, 6 inches by 12 inches.
Stringers, 10 inches by 14 inches.
Planking, 3 inches by 19 feet 10 inches.
A substantial hand-railing has also been erected on both sides.
It may be remarked that " Torredo spiralis" or pile worm, is particularly destructive in the harbour of Nanaimo, and ordinary piling will scarcely last over four
or five years. This bridge, with its stone piers, may now be considered a permanent structure, and will last, in all probability, at least twenty years. All the
woodwork being above high water mark, any defect can at once be observed, and
the fault remedied without any difficulty, The ends of tho bridge arc securely
cribbed and filled in solid, 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 287
Harewood Road Repairs, from City of Nanaimo to the Harewood Mine.
James Clandenning, foreman.
Grading, 525 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 400 yards, 10 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 525 yards, 40 feet wide.
Main Road from Nanaimo to Nanaimo River Bridge.
James Clandenning, foreman.
This road commences at the city boundary, at the end of Haliburton Street;
thence following nearly a direct line to Chase River; thence following the general
line of the old road towards Nanaimo River Bridge. This line is much shorter than
the old road from the Douglas Pit to Chase River, at the same time avoiding a large
quantity of surface blasting.
Grading, 4,900 yards, 18 feet wide, clear of ditches.
Gravelling, 250 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 5,150 yards, 40 feet wide.
One bridge, 30 feet long, 14 feet wide, 10 feet high.
Cribbing, 573 feet, average height, from 2} to 3 feet.
Stone-walling, 150 feet, 3 feet wide, 6 feet high.
1 culvert, 24 feet long, 4 feet by 3 feet.
1 culvert, 20 feet long, 2J feet by 3 feet.
14 culverts, 19 feet by 1J feet by 1 foot.
Rock-filling, 234 feet long, 12 feet wide, 6 feet deep.
This work also included a great deal of earth-filling, some blasting, &c, &c, &c.
Some of the side-hill cuttings were also very heavy. The grading is now completed
some distance beyond Chase River Bridge, but the new bridge over Chase River has
not yet been commenced. As far as Chase River a thoroughly good road has been
constructed, but in places, no doubt, will require gravelling next season, and additional culverts may also be required.
Wellington Road.
This road has been repaired by raking in the ruts and dressing up the work performed last year, and is now in a very fair condition. The Millstream Bridge has
been re-covered and strengthened generally. The usual number of trees have been
cut out, and other bridges and culverts repaired where found necessary through the
district.
Gabriola Island.
The sum set aside for expenditure on this Island has been disbursed by Mr. James
Clandenning with a sub-foreman. The work has been confined to opening up a
main thoroughfare through the Island. The system adopted for the past four years
of deciding where the appropriation should be laid out, by a public meeting, has
been departed from this season, as it was considered advisable and more satisfactory
to the settlers themselves to commence what might bo termed a trunk road through
Gabriola Island, than expend sums of money as heretofore, at different ends of tho
settlement.
The following work was carried out :—
Grading, 5,959 yards, 12 feet wide.
Walling, 150 feet, 3 feet high.
Forest clearing, 5,959 yards, 25 feet wide.
1 culvert, 15 feet by 1J feet by 1 foot.
Buildings.
Nanaimo Gaol.
The Nanaimo Gaol and Court House stand on what is known as tho Government
Reserve, in the City of Nanaimo, facing on the harbour, and partly on a lot formerly
owned by the Vancouver Coal Co. As tho gaol accommodation was found too
limited, it was decided to enlarge the promises. Negotiations for the purchase of
the lot adjoining, on the west side of tho Reserve, have been pending for a considerable period, and the purchase of the said property from the Vancouver Coal Co, 2§8 Report of Public Works. 1877
was effected last summer for the sum of $500, the lot being 50 feet in width and
running to the water. The gaol yard has been increased in size by moving the west
fence to the west boundary of the purchased lot, taking in some 16 feet additional,
and shifting the fence on the water side down 15 feet. The work of adding to the
gaol building has been performed by day work, under the superintendence of Mr.
W. Pringle.
Some of the prisoners who understood this class of work were, during their
incarceration, employed as carpenters, instead of working on the streets of Nanaimo.
The lower or main part of the building has been increased in length by the addition
of three cells, and a second floor has been constructed over the entire building.
This gives accommodation for a warder's room and armoury upstairs, and on an
emergency, a place for more prisoners. The upper floor is reached by a stairway
on the outside.    The cooking accommodations have also been materially improved.
A force pump, which had been stored for some years at Victoria, has been fitted
up in the gaol yard, and so arranged that, in the event of a fire breaking out. a
copious supply of water can immediately be drawn from the harbour.
tomox Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Section B.   Repairs from Mission Junction to Gordon's.
Joseph McPhee, contractor at $340.
Grading, 185 yards, 18 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 99 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravel, 632 yards, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Do.      43     „     10       „ 6 „
2 new culverts.
Section C.
Edward T. Garnett, contractor at $125.
1,349 yards ditching along entire length of road scoured out to original depth, and
better run given for water; outer edges of road sloped off to bottom of ditch, &c.
Section D.   From Green's Slough to Brown's.
Joseph McPhee, contractor at $290.
Gravelling, 766 yards, 10 feet wide, 9 inches deep.
Do. 40      „      10       „ 6 „
Macadam,     20     „     10       „ 6 „
Cribbing, 10 yards, filled with rock and covered with gravel.
Covering to bridge repaired.
Two old culverts removed and replaced by two new ones.
700 yards of existing ditches scoured out to original depth, and outer edges of road
rounded off.
Culverts along line of road cleared of all sediment.
A portion of road along river bank was secured by cribbing and walled with rock.
Denman Island Road.
Chas. McCutcheon, contractor at $485.
This road was built across Denman Island, commencing at the water line on tho
east side at Section XVI., and terminating at the water line on Baynes Sound near
Section XVIII.—a distance of 5,280 yards, or thereabouts—the construction entailing the following work :—
Grading, 190 yards, 14 feet wide, side-hill.
Ditching, 44 yards.
Corduroying, 147 yards, 12 feet wide, 2 feet high.
1 culvert.
The road throughout cut 14 feet wide, and all knolls levelled to a width of 10 feet. 41 Vic. Report oe Public Works. 289
Day Work.
Geo. F. Drabble, superintendent.
Section A.
Gravelling, 100 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 bridge, 40 feet long, 13 feet wide, 5 feet high.
1 culvert, 16 feet by 3 feet by 1J feet
Ditches cleared, holes filled, &c.
Section G, and Point Holmes Road to Williams' Farm ; distance about 4 miles; sleigh
road.
Grading, 3,520 yards, 12 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 3,520 yards, 25 feet wide.
Corduroy, 95 feet, 14 feet wide.
1 bridge, 30 feet long, 13 feet wide, 3 feet high.
4 culverts, 16 feet by 2J feet by If feet.
Section E.   From Wilson's Junction to Thomas'.
Gravelling, 20 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs to bridging, filling holes, clearing ditches, &o.
Buildings.
Comox Lock-up.
Geo. F. Drabble, superintendent.
Thomas Piercy, contractor at $550.
This building has been erected on a plot of ground facing on the road from the
wharf. The building is 13 feet by 24 feet, inside measurement; height of ceiling,
10 feet; walls of hewn timber. The building is divided into a court room 13 feet
by 16 feet, and two cells 6 feet by 8 feet. A lavatory, &c, is also provided." The
windows are securely barred and door fitted with a suitable fastening.
New Westminster Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Repairs to Long Bridge, New Westminster and Hastings Road.
L. F. Bonson, superintendent.
John Bennett, contractor at $1,600.
This work consisted of constructing a straining beam bridge over the creek
running into Burnaby Lake, and considerable cutting and filling.
Bridge, length 134 feet, width 18 feet.
Corbels, 10 inches by 12 inches by 15 feet.
4 stringers, 10 inches by 14 inches by 75 feet.
Principals, 10 inches by 14 inches.
Straining beams, 10 inches by 14 inches.
Swing beams, 12 inches by 14 inches by 28 feet.
Covering, 4-inch planking.
Suspension rods, 1J inches in diameter.
Other bolts, |-inch in diameter..
Iron straps, 5 inches by 15 inches by f-inch thick.
The embankment on south side is 700 feet long, and on the north side 470 feet.
These embankments have been constructed 20 feet in the clear at top, and
gravelled 6 inches deep.   Slopes 1 to 1.
Ditches cut on both sides, 3 feet at top, 1 foot at bottom, and 1J feet deep; run
parallel on both sides of the bottom of slopes to roadway, and 3 feet therefrom. 290 Report oe Public Works, 1877
A deep cutting has also been made on the north side to keep the grade true to
join the Hastings Road.    Length, 335 feet; depth, from 1 to 8 feet.
The details of the day work carried out in this district, under the direction of Mr.
L. F. Bonson, will be found in the Supplementary Report of detailed expenditure for the
year ending 31st December 1877.
The undermentioned municipalities, situate in this district, have received from the
Honourable the Minister of Finance the sums appropriated last session for disbursement
on their roads and bridges, viz.:—
Maple Ridge Municipality $1,000.
Langley do.   1,500,
Chilliwhack do  1,500.
Numerous small expenditures have been incurred on the different roads throughout
the district, for clearing timber, replacing planking and railing on bridges, clearing
water-courses, &c.
The contracts undertaken during the year 1875 have been finished.
The two contracts for repairs to the road from Ladner's Landing to the Semiahmoo
Road—William Thompson, contractor—have been completed and accepted.
Road from Hastings to Granville.
Arthur Herring, contractor.
This work was reported last year as being left on the hands of Mr. Herring's
sureties, that gentleman having got pecuniarily embarrassed. The sureties failing
to perform the work, it was taken out of their hands, and has been completed by
the department, Mr. L. F. Bonson acting as superintendent.
Road "from Township No. 4, to the New Westminster and Hope road.
J. T. Scott, contractor.
This work was placed under contract in 1875, and remained uncompleted at the
end of last year. During last summer it being clear that Miv- Scott and his sureties were unable to complete the work, it was taken out of the contractor's hands
and finished by the Department by day work, under the superintendence of Mr.
L. F. Bonson.
Buildings.
Lunatic Asylum Building.
McKay & Kennedy, contractors.
This work was commenced in the year 1875, and completed and accepted this
season, in accordance with the plans and specifications. I regret to be compelled
to state that the Resident Physician, on examining the building, reported that it
was not suitable for the purpose for which it was erected. A Commission was
appointed, consisting of Drs. J. B. Matthews and Trew, to examine and report on
the adaptibility of the structure for the confinement of insane persons. The Commission was accompanied by Mr. John 'league, Architect, acting under instructions
from this Department. The Commission, I regret to say, were of practically the
same opinion as the Resident Physician and, in their report, recommended some
important changes in the interior arrangements of the building, as well as pointing
out the necessity of increasing the size of the building by adding to the length of
the wings. Mr. Teague has made plans, estimates, &c, lor such alterations as are
deemed indispensable. These alterations, if carried out, will entail a very considerable expenditure.
Lunatic Asylum Grounds, Fencing.
J. Kennedy, architect.
McNeely & Bruce, contractors, at $2,521 50.
This work consisted in fencing off two separate plots of ground in the rear of the
building, for the recreation of patients, one for males and the other for females.
The area enclosed is 6 chains by 4 chains, amounting to 2 acres and four-tenths of
an acre. 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
291
Fencing, 1,200 feet, 12 feet high.
Do. 500 feet,   8 feet high.
Do. 180 feet, 10 feet high.
The posts are cedar, 6 inches by 8 inches, 8 feet centres, and placed in the ground
3J feet, set in wooden shoes and securely braced. The fence is close-boarded, with
double planking.    Suitable gates and wickets are also provided.
This contract included building a shed, 56 feet by 18 feet, for a general store.
Yale-Cariboo Waggon Road,
The account of the expenditures on this road has been kept in a similar manner to
that adopted last year; that is to say—distinct from the Districts of Tale, Lillooet, and
Cariboo.    The same arrangement and division into sections has also been retained, viz:—
Section 1.—Tale to Boston Bar     25 miles
„        2.—Boston Bar to Clinton  Ill    „
„       3.—Clinton to Soda Creek  130J „
„       4.—Soda Creek to Quesnellemouth     58    „
„        5.—Quesnellemouth to Cameronton     60    „
The following repairs have been carried out under the different foremen, viz:—
Section 1.—Tale to Boston Bar.
N. Black, foreman, at $130 per month.
Month,
January .
February
March ....
April .
June
July.,
August.
September,
Nature of Work.
General repairing, shovelling snow, and removing
rock slides	
Removing rock slides	
Grading 128 yards, 20 to 39 feet wide	
Gravelling 1,498 yards, 12 ft. wide, 6 to 18 in. deep
Stone wall 70 feet, 2 to 4 feet high 	
Do.      93 feet, 8 to 13 feet high	
Do.      59 feet, 8 to 9 feet high	
Bridge 532 feet long, 18 feet wide, 50 feet high....
Grading 83 yards, 6 to 8 feet wide	
Gravelling 485 jards, 12 ft. wide, 3 to 14 in. deep
Stone wall 336 feet, 2 to 10 feet high	
1 bridge 60 feet long, 20 feet wide, 13 feet high....
Repairing China Bluff bridge	
Grading 257 yards, 18 feet wide	
Gravelling 368 yards, 12 feet wide, 8 to 10 in. deep
1 bridge 76 feet long, 18 feet wide, 22 feet high	
2 culverts 18 feet long, 3 to 4 feet wide, 3 ft. deep
Stone wall 310 feet, 2 to 8 feet high	
Gravelling 779 ft., 12 to 18 ft. wide, 10 to 12 in. deep
Cribbing 329 feet	
Stone wall 17 feet, 7 to 10 feet high"	
4 bridges, total length 320 feet, 18 feet wide, 20 to
24 feet high	
2 half bridges 92 feet long, 13 feet :.wide,  11 to 19
feet high    ,	
2 culverts, each 18 feet by 5 feet by 3 feet,   	
Cribbing 84 feet, 10 feet high	
Stone wall 34 feet, 8 feet high	
3 bridges 149 feet total length, 18 feet wide,  17 to
21 feet high	
3 culverts 18 feet by 4 feet by 3 feet, average	
Gravelling 1,600 yds., 12 ft. wide, 12 to 14 in. deep
Stone wall 17 feet long, 13 feet high ,	
1 bridge 89 feet long, 18 feet wide, 16 feet high	
16 culverts, each 18 by 2 feet to 4, by 2 feet to 4 ft.
No. of men.
- 7 Whites
29 Whites
1 Chinaman
32 Whites
1 Chinaman
14 Whites
1 Chinaman
15 Whites
1 Chinaman
8 Whites
1 Chinaman
; Whites
; Chinamen
No of
Days.
28
41
595
I   695J
391
379
240
}  2S8J
Rate of Wages
per diem.
$2 69
2 69
1 6S to 3 00
1 66 to 3 00
1 06 to 3 00
1 66 to 3 00
1 66 to 3 00
1 66 to 4 00 292
Report of Public Works.
1877
Section 1.—Tale to Boston Bar.—Concluded.
October..
November..,
December...
Gravelling 1,258 yards, 10 to 12 feet wide, 10 to 12
inches deep ,	
Cribbing 60 feet long, 9 feet high	
Stone wall 55 feet long, 4 to 8 feet high	
General repairs   ,,	
Gravelling, 337 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Cribbing, 158 feet in length, 15 feet high  ,...
Stone wall, 42 feet long, 4 to 6 feet high	
1 culvert, 18 feet by 7 feet by 3 feet	
1     do.      18      ,,      8      „      4   ,,   	
Gravelling, 237 yards, 28 feet wide, 15 inches deep
General repairs ,	
9 Whites
1 Chinaman
11 Whites
1 Chinaman
10 Whites
1 Chinaman
265
220
231
1  06 to 3 00
1 66 to 3 00
1  66 to 3 00
Section 2.—Boston Bar to Clinton.
Arthur Stephenson, foreman, at $130 per month.
Month
January ...
February .
March ,
April ......
May	
June	
July	
August.,,.,
September
October....
November.
December.,
Nature of Work.
Completed repairs on Spence's Bridge, and general
repairs on road ,	
General repairs ,,..	
General repairs to road  ,	
1 bridge, 15 feet long, 20 feet wide, 6 feet high	
1 culvert, 25        ,, 6        ,, 6   ,,   deep	
Extensive repairs to Thompson River Bridge	
Cribbing, 425 yards, 4 to 16 feet high	
A large amount of general repairing 	
Gravel, 150 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep	
Cribbing, 269 yards, 4 to 13 feet high	
2 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot	
Cutting off points, widening road, general repairs..
Cribbing, 350 yards, 4 to 15 feet high	
Blasting, 150 yards	
Stone work, 20 yards, 4 feet high	
Clearing gravel slides, water courses, and general
repairs  	
Cribbing, 189 yards, 8J feet high	
Stone wall, 154 ,,      5J       ,,       	
Cribbing, 100 yards, 6 feet high	
Stone wall, 90 yards, 7 feet high	
2 bridges, 45 and 65 feet long, 16 feet wide 	
1 bridge, two new abutments	
4 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot	
Gravelling, 800 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Cribbing, 130 feet, 4 feet high	
7 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot	
Building cabin, 12 by 14 feet, for section man, on
Siskia Flat 	
Bulkhead, Bonaparte Bridge, 100 yards long, 8 feet
wide, 4 feet high	
Clearing gravel slides, and general repairs	
Amount of general repairs greatly increased this
month, owing to heavy rain 	
Gravelling, 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Cribbing, 80 feet, 16 feet high 	
Stone wall, 50 feet, 5 feet high	
Gravel, 250 yards, 15 feet wide, 10 inches deep	
General repairs	
No. of men.
■11 Whites.
17 Whites
1 Chinaman
33 Whites
2 Indians
1 Chinaman
33 Whites
1 Chinaman
22 Whites
1 Chinaman
19 Whites
1 Chinaman
19 Whites
-18 Whites
-14 Whites
• 14 Whites
1-12 Whites
5 Whites
No. of
Days.
158
|   161
I  607
|   712
|   559
}
498
450
400
345
322
233
85
Rate of W:
per diem
f2 69 to 3 85
2  25 to 3 50
1 50 to 3 50
2 00 to 3 50
2 00 to 3 50
2 25 to 3 50
2 69 to 3 50
2 69 to 3 50
2 69 to 3 50
2 69 to 3 50
2 66 to 3 50
2 66 to 3 50 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 293
Section 3.—Clinton to Soda Creek.
Wm. Boyd, foreman, at $75 per month.
Grading 591 yards, 15 inches deep.
Gravelling 2,723 yards, 15 feet wide, 13 inches deep.
11 bridges averaging 65 feet in length, 18 feet wide, and 5 feet high.
23 culverts, averaging 20 feet in length, 6 feet wide, and 2J feet deep.
Cribbing 470 feet, 4 feet high.
Forest clearing, 7,610 yards, 120 feet wide.
Corduroy, 160 yards, 18 feet wide.
At Soda Creek Hill, 1! miles were graded and ditched.
General repairs were made throughout the entire length of the section during the
season, such as filling ruts, taking out stones, &c,
Section 4.—Soda Creek to Quesnelle.
W. A Johnston, Superintendent.
General Repairs:—
Grading 458 yards, 14 feet wide.
Gravelling 255 yards, 12 feet wide, 9 inches deep.
Do.       40     „        8       „ 6
Forest clearing, 340 yards, 25 feet wide.
Do. 60     „     20       „
Cribbing, 343 feet, 4 to 6 feet high.
Do.     843   „    2 „ 10       „
Do.     254   „     3 „ 4
Stone walling, 40 feet; 3 feet high.
Bridges, 1—45 feet long, 18 feet wide, 9 feet high.
Do. 40       „ 18       „        18
Do. 75       „ 18       „ 7
Do. 16       „ 18       „ 4       „
Do. 20       „        18       „        13
Culverts, 10—18 feet by 2 feet by 1J feet.
Do. 6    18       „     2       „     1     „
Bridges repaired—1, 40 feet long, 16 feet wide, 10 high.
Do. 34        „ 17        „ 12    „
Do. 40       „ 18       „ 10    „
Do. 60       „ 18       „ 10    „
Covering renewed, and new stringers, &c, where required.
Considerable labour was required in this section during the year, in cutting out
fallen timber, clearing slides, widening the roadway, &c, &c.
Section 5.—Quesnelle to Cameronton.
W. A. Johnston Superintendent.
General Repairs:—
Grading 278 yards, 19 feet wide.
Do.     174     „     16       „
Gravelling, 100 yards, 18 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Do.      499     „      10       „ 9 „
Do.       118     „      18       „        12 „    '
Do.    2,867     „      10       ,, 8
Ditches, 1,127 yards, 1 foot,wide, 9 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 243 yards, 22 feet wide.
Corduroying, 33 feet, 18 feet wide.
Bridges, 1—10 feet long, 18 feet wide, 4 feet high.
Do.
1
16
18
5
Do.
1
8
18
4
Do.
1
46
18
10
Do.
1
58
18
21
i Do.
1
52
5?
10
3.
18
Do.
1
26
9
10
Culverts, 1—18 feet long by 2 feet by 1 foot.
21 294 Report oe Public Works. 1877
Culverts, 4—18 feet long by 3 feet by 1J feet.
Do.       1    18 „ 1      „     1 foot.
Do.       2    16 „ .        3       ,,      2 feet.
Cribbing, 171 feet by 3 to 8 feet high.
Do.       749      „      1J to 7     „
Do.       350       „     2 to 4       „
A large number of slides, caused by the spring freshets, have been cleared out,
and other general repairs have been effected.
Cottonwood Bridge being in.a very unsafe state, it was decided to replace this
structure with a new bridge. The crib abutments are well advanced, the timbers
have been brought to the site, and had to be hauled eight miles; the centre pier will
be built of piles and sheeted with lumber. The present bridge was built when the
road was first opened and has a crib pier in the centre of the stream. It has been
a constant expense, either the pier or abutments continually requiring repairs. The
new bridge, it is expected, will be completed early in the spring.
Yale Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Section 2.—Kamloops and Nicola Road. From the end of Section 2, in Township
No. 105, Kamloops Division of Tale District to Nicola Valley: distance 22} mileSj
more or less.
John Ussher, superintendent.
Duncan A. McDonald, contractor, at $6,700.
Grading, 14 feet wide, entire length of section.
1 bridge, 14 feet long, 14 feet wide, 5 feet high.
The specifications provided for culverts where found necessary.    This contract
also includes a quantity of blasting, some heavy side-hill grading,  &c, &c.    This
work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Mission Creek Bridge.
J. D. Bermingham, contractor, at $1,730.
This is a substantial straining beam bridge, with a clear span of 80 feet, and two
wooden approaches of 40 and 20 feet respectively. The bridge is supported on two
crib abutments set firmly in the banks and filled with rock.
Corbels, 10 by 14 inches.
3 stringers, 10 by 14 inches.
Principals,   „ „      „
Straining beam, 10 by 14 inches.
Covering, 3 inch jflanking.
4 suspension rods, 1* inch diameter.
Other bolts, f inch diameter.
A suitable hand-railing was also specified for.
Day Work.
Kamloops and Tranquille Road; distance 6 miles, more or less
John Ussher, superintendent.
Side-hill grading, 3,080 yards, 14 feet wide.
With the exception of this grading, which was heavy, the slope being about 1 to
1, there was scarcely any work required to open this road. 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 295
North Thompson River Road.   From Indian Reserve, at Kamloops, to J. T. Edward's
ranch; distance about 12 miles.
1 bridge, 21 feet long, 15 feet wide, 6 feet high.
3 culverts, 15 feet wide, 5 feet by 2J feet.
1
j;
15
;J
8
»
3}
1
»
15
»
9
)>
6
1
j-j
18
))
6
j)
3
1
18
5
3
Cribbing, 108 feet, 4 feet high.
Blasting, 108 feet in length, 10 feet wide, average depth from 2 to 4 feet.
A considerable quantity of grading has also been done at different points along
the line of road, and the road has been constructed 14 feet in width the entire
distance.
Deadman's Creek Hill to Bates' Flat; improving grades, &c.
John Ussher, superintendent.
Grading, 1,185 yards, 14 feet wide.
Deadman's Creek Hill has also been thoroughly repaired.
Savona's Ferry and Okanagan Road.
John Ussher, superintendent.
This road has been kept in repair during the season at a small expense. The
abutment at the east end of the bridge, near Peterson's, had to be taken down and
set two feet deeper in the bed of the stream. This has been again filled with rock
and the bridge is now in good order. The usual amount of timber has been cut
out, and slides and ruts have been removed where necessary.
Okanagan Cherry Creek Trail; distance 35 miles, more or less.
This work has been performed under the supervision of C. A. Vernon, Esq.,
Assistant-Commissioner.
The trail has been cut 8 feet wide, and graded on side-hills, 4 feet wide. The
grades on this trail are reported as very light, and no difficulty would be met with
in converting it into a waggon road, provided the business at the Cherry Creek
Mines demanded such an outlay.
The other roads and trails throughout the district have been kept in a good state
of repair.
I am pleased to report that no damage worth any special mention has occurred
either to the Nicola-Hope Trail or the Hope-Similkameen Trail.
Savona's Ferry.
A careful survey has been made for a bridge site at this point, and careful levels
taken on the line selected as the best crossing. This work was performed by Mr.
John Jane, C. E., during low water, the river being at the same time free from ice.
Provided the Legislature at any time thinks fit to erect a bridge at this point, no
delay can occur in prosecuting the work by contract. The Ferry is now being run
by Mr. James Uren, under a temporary arrangement, which will expire on the 16th
March next. Tenders have been called for, to be received at Victoria on the 24th
February, 1878, for the maintenance of this service for the term of three years, with
the same scale of tolls as collected heretofore. The charter will contain the usual
determination clause provided a bridge is erected anywhere in the neighbourhood
of the Ferry during the said term. 296 Report of Public Works. 1877
Lillooet Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Howe Sound Trail.
A. J. McLellan, foreman.
Trails, 126 miles, 3 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 143f miles, 12 feet wide.
Grading, 74 miles, 4 feet wide.
Cribbing, 1,038 feet, 6 feet high.
Blasting, 1,377 feet, 6 feet wide, 7 feet deep.
Stone wall, 356 feet, 7 feet high.
Corduroy, 556 feet, 8 feet wide.
Brushed and gravelled, 300 yards.
400 yards of heavy slide removed.
2 bridges,  each   100 feet long, 12 feet wide, 9 feet high.
2
73
„        40
77
12
}'
5
14
37
average 23
7?
12
77
5
1
i.
269
.■)
7
33
16
1
;;
61
73
6
;j
12
3
37
average 19
?;
6
33
10
1
jj
96
77
8
?j
5
3
»
average 22
J)
7
33
4
1
??
120
..
9
33
11
2
)j
average 41
;)
9
)3
4
1
»
100
.:
10
33
12
1
33
175
3?
10
7J
11
1
33
80
..
9
33
10
6
7?
average 26
3?
8
77
5
1
37
58
33
9
7>
8
1
77
60
37
9
77
10
1
J7
110
37
9
33
12
1
73
65
33
7
33
6
1
73
75
33
9
33
14
32
M
average 27
33
7
33
7
2
7?
„       20
35
8
33
7
1
n
125
33
10
33
10
1
73
40
33
10
5)
6
Mr. McLellan's report on the above work is herewith submitted:—
" Victoria, December 17th, 1877.
" Sir,—According to instructions I proceeded to Lillooet and commenced work on
the Howe Sound Trail on the 3rd of May, at two mile bluff. While working at this
point I found from observation that, on account of the great depth of water and the
steep incline of rock, crib work was impracticable. I, therefore, removed to five mile
bluff, in order to push forward the heavy work at that point, and give me an opportunity
to make soundings and plans for a bridge, the extreme length being 264 feet. At five
mile bluff I had many difficulties to encounter. The men had to be taken to different
points along the bluff in canoes, as it was impossible to travel along the steep wall of
rock. A large quantity of the timber used in crib work was taken from the opposite
side of the lake. The crib work is composed of heavy timber, saddled and well fastened
together with two inch trenails. Brush was placed in the bottom of the crib work to
prevent the action of the water dashing up among the rocks and gravel at high water.
In order to fill this large amount of crib work, measuring 1039 feet in length, I constructed cars and laid a track from both sides, hewn of small timber, which saved a
large amount of labour and enabled me to push on the work to completion. The amount
of blasting in place of crib work would require more means than were placed at my disposal for the whole section. 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 297
"In addition to the 1039 feet of crib work, I constructed 100 feet of bridging, bolted
to the rock, and this, together with the large amount of blasting, and the removing of
heavy slides, kept a number of men employed at this point about two months and a half.
In the meantime I went over the trail along the lake, in order to ascertain the amount of
work required, and on my return I sent a party of men, including a foreman, to erect
bridges, clear out fallen timber, slides and brush, as the trail was in a bad condition.
" Shortly afterwards I went over the trail the second time to inspect the bridges
and work being done, and found the bridges substantially built; laid out more bridges
and work, and returned to five mile bluff, where the heavy work was under construction.
" The third time I went over the trail I found a large amount of work done in
bridging, forest clearing, making new trail over rock slides and heavy timber, and that
part of the trail nearly completed. I then returned to commence the construction of
the large bridge at two mile bluff. I did this at high water, in order to avail myself of
the opportunity of raising the stringers by hand from a large float constructed for the
purpose. This bridge is substantially built of square timber, framed together, and well
toenailed with 2-inch trenails, size of cap, 12x14, stringers, 12x26, braces, 8x8, covering,
6 inches, securely bolted to the rock with li-inch 20-inch bolts. This completed the
section of the trail from Lillooet to Pemberton Meadows.
"I then received further instructions to continue my labours from Pemberton Mea«
dows to Burrard Inlet, with a view to opening the trail if possible to the sea coast this
fall, and further to improve it next year. The specifications called for the following
work to make it passable as far as Cache Creek, the distance being 45 miles; all fallen
timber to be removed, and almost the entire trail to be cleared of brush; slides and
boulders to be removed; 35 bridges to be built, aggregating 920 feet in length, with 9
loaded piers of stone 20x10, averaging 10 feet in height,, also 400 feet of corduroy. In
addition to this I had specifications to build 34 miles of new trail, including 47 bridges,
aggregating in length 1949 feet, over a mile of corduroy, and 38 culverts, together with
a large amount of blasting; all of which was to bo accomplished for the small sum of
$4,000, the whole distance being over one hundred miles, including twenty miles already
built by a former Government, commencing at Burrard Inlet.
" I came to the conclusion to push the work through, making a first-class trail to
Howe Sound, as the country is level and grade easy, with the exception of a slide of
boulders. I overcame this by bridging, in some cases, from rock to rock, removing the
large boulders with levers, placing small rocks in their stead, and then packed decayed
wood.on hand-barrows to protect the stock while passing over it. We overcame this
slide in about a week, the distance being about 1,000 feet. From this to Howe Sound is
level, and there is an abundance of feed for stock. Let me here remark that, in my
opinion, this is the proper terminus for the Howe Sound Trail. Stock can recruit here
while the owner seeks for a market, and with very little expense a suitable place can be
made at the mouth of Squamish River for shipping, from which place, in a very few
hours, stock could be transported to Nanaimo and Burrard Inlet markets.
" The distance from here to Burrard Inlet is 42 miles, without any feed, and heavy
grades with soft and miry places, which would require a large amount of labour to make
it substantial and keep it in repair, and as there is no accommodation for shipping at
Burrard Inlet, the owners of stock would consequently suffer both inconvenience and
loss at this point. From personal observation I am of the opinion that nothing but a
large outlay of money can make Burrard Inlet a suitable skipping point. In the latter
part of September and October I can safely say there is very little or no feed along the
whole route, with the exception of Pemberton Meadows, Howe Sound, and a small
portion at Big Slide, but through the summer months there are large quantities of
weeds and green foliage that stock can live well on.
" The forty-five miles of old trail previously alluded to were completed on the first
(lay of September. On this portion were several heavy bridges, across wide and rapid
rivers, which I overcame by putting in loaded piers and piers in the centre, all substantially built with a view to remaining in their positions for years. The number of
bridges constructed on the old trail from Lillooet to Cache Creek is 39, measuring, in
total length, 1839 feet, all of which are substantially built, with 4-inch covering and
good approaches, in addition to which are 735 feet of corduroy.
" After leaving Howe Sound I experienced many difficulties from high water.
Heavy rains set in, and the country being very low and sandy to the foot of the moun- 298 Report of Public Works. 1877
tains, was nearly all overflowed. We camped on the bank of a river, nearly a mile
from the foot of the mountain, and the water raised in six hours nearly seven feet and
cut off all communication with our work for nearly a quarter of a mile. The water on
this flat was one to three feet deep, and the men had to fell trees along the trail to get
to their work, which was very disagreeable, This state of things lasted for three days,
when the water partly subsided. I then loaded the horses and tried to drive them
across this flood, but it was a failure; they sank through the sand, and to save the provisions from getting wet unpacked the horses, and the men packed the provisions over on
the fallen trees. When the horses were unloaded they made their way across this flood
with ease. So once more on high land we moved forward as fast as possible to get over
the summit before a heavy fall of snow should occur. In a few days after the flood subsided, a canoe arrived at Howe Sound with beef and provisions from Burrard Inlet.' I
went back with all the horses and three or four men, and found that the water had disappeared entirely and the quicksands were hard. After putting in brush for 100 feet
and covering it with sand, made a good road and drove the horses over it, heavy laden,
without any trouble. I went back this time purposely to gain more knowledge of this
low land, and found it all sand and hard on top, when the water is off it, but full of water
underneath. This half mile was specified to be corduroyed, but with water from ono
to three feet deep to lay corduroy on the ground would be a waste of public money, as
there was no timber available on that part of the flat but small alder. Consequently the
most of the timber would have to be taken from the mountains, and in order to make
this part of the trail practicable it would require to lay cross-ties of round timber, 12
feet long, 18 inches through, and stringers 18 inches through, and to be covered with
6-inch covering. To throw up an embankment across this flat would be of no value, as
the force of water is so great that it would carry away the sand and the whole road-bed
at one freshet.
" From this point of low land the trail ascends a steep grade for ten miles, some
parts being one foot in two, and a large portion of this part of the trail was at an angle
of 45°, and required heavy grading. I had many difficulties to overcome before reaching the summit. The Lillooet Indians, whom I had engaged to pack, when about five
miles from the summit, went ahead on the plea to look for feed for their stock. They
went as far as the summit and found no feed, but reported plenty snow, and informed
me they would pack no more, that their horses would die, &c., &c. I told them in a few
words that I would not pay them for the work they had already done unless they would
fulfil their agreement to pack through to Burrard Inlet. They saddled their horses and
left for Howe Sound, where there was plenty of feed for stock, and thence proceeded to
New Westminster.
"In the meantime I had to get Indians from the Squamish River to help the men
pack up the steep grade to the summit. Subsequently, the Indians who deserted their
work returned with their horses, and said they would pack all the way through in order
to fulfil their agreement and get their pay. From the summit to that part of the trail
made by the former Government, the descent is very steep for the first few miles, with
heavy timber and slides, and steep side-hill. This part of the trail is graded wherever
required through the level part of the country, and all the side-hill graded from two
feet six inches to three feet wide. We had no trouble with our pack animals, heavily
laden as they were, nor met with accident of any kind; the horses returned to Pemberton Meadows, and we connected with the old trail on the 19th October, having
completed the 34 miles in 42 days, building 39 bridges and 231 feet of corduroy. I
concluded that with no feed for the animals and the season drawing to a close, I would
push my way through to Burrard Inlet, as the amount of money allowed bad already
been overdrawn, and it would be utterly impossible for me to replace all the bridges
and otherwise repair the old trail this fall.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) " A. J. McLellan.
" lo the Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works." 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 299
Road from Lillooet to Clinton, 47 miles.
The contract entered into with Joseph Geske, in 1874, to keep the above road in
repair, expired on the 30th June, 1877, since which time the following work has been
done on it by John Patterson, contractor, for $384, under the superintendence of M.
O'Connor, Government Agent at Clinton, viz.:—
The construction of the road on Daniel Smith's Hill, following a line staked out by
the superintendent, having a grade in no case exceeding one in ten, and graded 20 feet
in width in the clear, being most securely cribbed where necessary with barked timbers,
well tied, notched and trenailed, with a batter on the outside face 'of crib of one in six.
This work has materially eased one of the worst grades on the road.
Since the expiration of Mr. Geske's contract, the general repairs to culverts,
bridges, &c, clearing slides and filling holes, have been carried out under the direction
of Mr. O'Connor, Government Agent at Clinton.
Work Placed under Contract during the Tear 1876.
Court House, Clinton.
James Murie, contractor, at $2,985.
This building has been completed satisfactorily and accepted.
Cayoosh Creek Bridge.
Murie & Maxfield, contractors, at $1,885.
This bridge was completed early in the spring and the contractors settled with.
Bridge River Bridge.
Murie & Maxfield, contractors, at $1,390.
This structure has been finished and taken off the hands of the contractors.    Both
the above mentioned bridges are now considered safe from any freshets that may
occur.
On the 9th of August Mr. W. A. Johnston, Road Superintendent for the District of
Cariboo, was instructed to examine and report on the most practicable route for a road
to connect the Big Bar Kelly Road with the Canoe Creek Road.
Mr. Johnston's report is herewith annexed:—
" Clinton, B. C, August 27th, 1877.
" Sir,—In accordance with the instructions contained in your letter of the 9th instant,
with reference to the most practicable route for a road to connect the Big Bar Kelly
Road with the Canoe Creek Road, I have the honour to report that I have personally
examined the country to be travelled, and as the result of my inspection 1 find that the
route which is best adapted for a waggon road to connect tho places above mentioned
can be obtained by following up the Big Bar Creek from Mr. Haller's house for about
two miles over slightly rising and rolling prairie, then diverging a little to the left
over rolling flats covered with a light growth of timber for two miles, intersecting the
Gallagher Road about two miles north-east of the letter-box. Following this line of
road, with very little deviation, for about six miles to a point on Canoe Creek, six miles
above the Canoe Creek House, and then down the Creek to intersect the Canoe and Dog
Creek Road, about three quarters of a mile above Canoe Creek House; in all, the
distance being about sixteen miles.
" The first four miles from Haller's can be built at a probable cost of $**.
" The next four miles will probably cost about $** per mile, the ground being very
rocky on the surface—at some few places being almost covered with large boulders.
" The next two miles will not require an expenditure of over $**, being through a
very level valley leading to. Canoe Creek.
" From this point to the junction of the roads, the proposed road has already been
graded on a very good grade, following the line of the Creek, but has slid into such an
extent as to necessitate an expenditure of about $** to clear it out and grade some
places that were not graded previously. 300 Report of Public Works. 1877
" One bridge, about 20 feet long, will be required at the crossing of Canoe Creek,
which is the only bridge that will be required on the whole of the road.
" Route No. 2, shown on the accompanying sketch, is shorter than the above route
by about one and a half miles, crosses the mountain at much higher altitudes with a very
high mountain to descend to Canoe Creek, where it is almost impossible to obtain a
suitable grade. Very little of the grading done last season on this mountain could be
utilized, as it is quite too steep for a waggon or sleigh road.
"Route No. 1 is comparatively level, there being no grades which need exceed 1
foot in 12 feet.
" With regard to cost, if there is any difference, it is in favour of Route No. 1, which
is very little.
"No cribbing or timber work will be required on Route No. 1, except the above
mentioned bridge and a few small culverts, and little or no ditching, as the -road leads
through a dry country most of the way, and will, when constructed, be a very permanent
and useful piece of road, and has the advantage of being lightly timbered the greater
part of the way, which will prevent snow drifts during the winter season.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) " W. A. Johnston,
" Road Superintendent.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
Cariboo Electoral District
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Whitewashing Quesnelle Bridge.
W. T. Milross, contractor, at $150.
W. A. Johnston, superintendent.
This work included giving the whole of the wooden portion of the superstructure
a heavy coat of limewash, and painting all tho ironwork with one coat of black oil
paint. The Government supplied the necessary materials in addition to the contract price.
Clearing Omineoa Trail, from Quesnelle to Manson Creek.
W. Spencer, contractor, at $350.
This work consisted of clearing the trail, throughout the entire length, of fallen
timber to a clear width of six feet.
Day Work.
W. A. Johnston, foreman.
Clearing fallen timber, from 150-Mile House to Keithley Creek, and general repairing for a distance of 82 miles, 6 feet wide.
A bridge, 163 feet long, 7 feet wide, 14 feet high, has been built across the mouth
of Keithley Creek, with crib abutments at either end.
Keithley Creek trail has been widened 5 feet, for a distance of 15 miles, on which
76 feet of corduroy, 6 feet wide, has been laid, and a new trail made 5J miles long,
8 feet wide, on which 4.} miles have been graded 3J feet wide, and 5} miles forest
cleared 8 feet wide.
1 bridge, 30 feet long, 7 feet wide, 14 feet high.
Corduroy, 60 feet long, 7 feet wide.
6 culverts, 6 by li feet by 1 foot, round timber. 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 301
In addition to the above, a new trail, 6 miles long, 4 feet wide, has been opened
from Keithley to Little Snow-shoe Creek.
Forest clearing, 6 miles in length, 8 feet wide.
Grading, 150 yards, 4 feet wide.
Corduroy, 208 feet Jong, 6 feet wide.
1 bridge, 16 feet long, 7 feet wide, 6 feet high.
6 culverts, 6 feet by 1} feet by 1 foot.
Also repairs have been made to trail from Keithley Creek to Antler Creek ; and
a new trail, | of a mile in length, has been cut along the shore of Cariboo Lake, to
avoid the ascent of the mountain ; and general repairs have been made to branch
trails to Harvey and Snow-shoe Creeks.
On Canon Creek Trail the following work has been done, viz.:—
Grading, 14| miles 4 feet wide.
Forest clearing 21 miles, 10 feet wide.
Corduroying, 4,070 feet in length, 6 feet wide.
1 bridge, 96 feet long, 8 feet wide, 12 feet high.
9 bridges, 180 feet total length, 6 feet wide, 6 feet high.
9 culverts, 6 feet by 1} feet by 1 foot..
4        j; 6        ,,     2 „      1    „
And 6 J miles of new trail, cut 10 feet wide.
The Lowhee Trail has been widened and repaired to make it passable as a sleigh
road during winter.
Length of sleigh road 1$ miles, 10 feet wide.
Forest cleared and graded the same length and width.
1 bridge, 12 feet long, 15 feet wide, 4 feet high.
24 culverts, 12 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Repairing trail from Cunningham Creek to Antler Creek, 4 miles long, 6 feet wide.
Corduroying 156 feet, 7 feet wide.
10 culverts, 7 feet by 1J feet by 1 foot, round timber.
A new trail has been made from Eureka Claim, Antler Creek, to Dominion Claim,
Canadian Creek, to connect with trail from William Creek to Grouse Creek, 3 miles
long, 6 feet wide.
Bulkhead, Barkerville.
This bulkhead has been raised one tier of logs to further protect the town.    The
logs have been securely tied and trenailed.
Length, 1,200 feet.
Mr. W. A. Johnston received instructions, dated 30th August, 1877, to examine the
country between Fraser River and the Chilcotin Valley, with a view of improving the
existing trail, or changing its direction, if such a course should appear advisable. I beg
to subjoin Mr. Johnston's report on this matter :—
" Quesnelle, B. O, November 30th, 1877.
"Sir,—I have the honour to report that, in accordance with the instructions
contained in your letter of the 30th of August last, I have made a personal inspection of
the Chilcotin Country west of the Fraser River, with a view to repairing a trail
leading from Soda Creek thereto.
" The trail commences at a point opposite Soda Creek, by ascending a steep mountain
side, partially timbered, to a level plateau, which extends down the Fraser River to Mr.
Salmon's residence, a distance of about three and a half miles, on which no work would
be required. The ascent from the river is, however, very steep, and is not practicable
for any thing more than a pack trail. An easier ascent could be obtained about one
mile further up the river to intersect the above named bench, or one mile down the
river, opposite the Soda Creek Mill, a practicable route can be found.
" From Mr. Salmon's to Buckskin Creek, about two and a half miles, there are gently
sloping hillsides and level benches. Buckskin Creek is a ravine about 75 feet deep with
steep sides, but easily graded.  From this point for about three miles no difficulty is found, 302 Report of Public Works. 1877
being most of the way on undulating flats. The next three miles is more difficult, the
hillsides being somewhat steeper, and number of small ravines that would require
grading. Rolling boulders are found here in a few places, not in quantities, however, to
offer much difficulty.
" Timber is plentiful where required. No heavy grading would be necessary to
construct either a good trail or even a passable sleigh road. From this point for some
forty miles no grading would be required, as the road would lead through rolling prairie,
with small timber patches where some cutting would be required to make a passable
sleigh or waggon road.
"The present trail, with a little repairs, could be made a very good trail; the
general course of which is perhaps as good as can be found, but before any work is done
on it I would strongly advise a survey being made, so that the work done on the trail,
such as grading, cribbing, or bridging, would not be lost in the event of the construction
of a waggon or sleigh road which, I have no doubt, will be in the near future, as the
country that a road would open up would fully justify the work, it being an impossibility
for the farmers who are already located, and others who may avail themselves of the
valuable agricultural and grazing lands that are yet unoccupied, to get in the necessary
labour-saving machinery and other heavy necessaries such as are required in this vicinity.
" The sum of $**, if judicially expended, would make a passable trail the entire
distance.
" The season is so far advanced that I cannot have any work done this season to
advantage, but will be prepared to do so early in the spring, if the work required is
authorized by you.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) " W. A. Johnston,
" Road Superintendent.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
Kootenay Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
The amount voted by the Provincial Legislature, last session, for trails, &c, in this
district, has been expended by Mr. C. Booth, Gold Commissioner and Government
Agent, acting under instructions from this Department.
The views entertained by the representatives of Kootenay have been adhered to as
nearly as practicable. I submit herewith Mr. Booth's report for the past year on roads
and trails :—
".Kootenay,
"22nd November, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to forward herewith, accounts, vouchers, and memoranda
relative to the different works carried on, under instructions from your Department, rn
this district during the season now past, In addition thereto, I beg to report that the
Walla Walla Trail was cleared out three times during summer, the last time on the 11th
of August. I have learned that a considerable quantity of timber has since then fallen
across the trail, but this must and will always be the case until all the dead timber is
cut down a full tree's length on each side of the trail.
" The trail to Quartz Creek is completed; crossing the Kootenay and Columbia
Rivers are the only obstacles to be met in bringing packed animals there. The Kootenay
can be forded, excepting at short periods of high water, a canoe is then used for passengers, &c, animals swimming the river. John E. Bobier purchased a canoe and placed it
at the crossing of the Columbia. He reports, that with the use of this canoe, freight and
animals can be crossed with perfect safety at any stage of water. He further reports
that, after examining Quartz Creek, he is fully persuaded that there is a large quantity
of mining ground there that will pa3r from three to four dollars per day to the hand,
and further, that the most favourable looking portion of the creek, towards the mouth, 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 303
has  not been  prospected  at  all.    The estimated distance from Wild Horse to Quartz
Creek is two hundred miles.
" The trail to Fort McLeod is complete to the watershed. H. S. Booth, the party in
charge, reports as follows :—There is a good trail from Wild Horse to the boundary, a
distance of ninety miles, from thence to Fort McLeod there are nine miles of timber
and sixty-one of prairie, making a total distance between the two points, Wild Horse
and McLeod, of one hundred and sixty miles. Bull and Elk Rivers are the greatest
impediments on this route; measurements taken show Bull River to be one hundred and
eighty-five feet wide and two and a half feet deep at low water, twelve feet at high.
Being in charge of a working party, time could not bo spared to examine this river
thoroughly for the best crossing. Elk River, at the cafion, a short distance below the
ford on the present trail, is fifty feet wide, and runs at present at a depth of sixty feet
from the brink of the canon to the surface of the water; a span could be thrown across
here without much difficulty or groat expense, and no floating ice or drift timber would
reach it at any stage of water.
" For myself, permit me to add that I have not inspected either the Quartz Creek or
Fort McLeod Trails. I have every confidence in the men in charge, and I thought public funds were better applied in payment for labour, than being appropriated for officers'
allowances in a useless inspection.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) " Cornelius Booth,
"Assistant Commissioner of Lands and Works.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
It having been strongly urged that it was veryr desirable and highly necessary to
bridge Kootenay River, and as the information in the possession of the Government with
regard to the width of the channel, the character of its bed, &c, &c, was of the most
meagre description, it was considered advisable to have a careful survey made of the
proposed crossing before commencing construction. Mr. Ralph, C. E., Avas instructed on
the 3rd May, 1877, to proceed to Kootenay, via Portland and Walla Walla, and examine
Kootenay River for the best point for a bridge. Two courses could be adopted, viz.:—
either to cross the river near Galbraith's Ferry, or to bridge the river some five miles
further up stream. Crossing at the latter point will entail a second bridge over St.
Mary's River, which flows into Kootenay River, between the points above mentioned.
Mr. Ralph's report on his different surveys is annexed hereto.
" Wild Horse Creek, B. O, June 27th, 1877.
"Sir,—I have the honour to report that in accordance with instructions which I
received from you, dated May 3rd, I proceeded on May 4th, via Portland and Walla
Walla to Kootenay District, to make surveys for bridges on the Kootenay and St. Mary's
Rivers, and other surveys.
" At Walla Walla I purchased two riding horses and one pack horse, and hired a
man to assist me generally during the season's work. I arrived at Wild Horse Creek
on May 30th, and on the following day pitched camp at Galbraith's Ferry, on the
Kootenay River, and commenced the survey of that site.
" Bridge Site at Galbraith's Ferry.
" This location was said by many to be the best on this part of the river, being the
narrowest span, and having the best banks, but the water is deep and the current strong.
It will require a bridge 379 feet in length. The east bank is 73 feet high, composed of
hard, sandy clay, and has a waggon road graded on the side hill; the west bank is a flat,
extending one mile wide to a hill about 90 feet high, with a graded waggon road up it.
A portion of the flats near the river overflows from one to two feet deep at extreme high
water, and there are seven or eight small sloughs crossing the road, now bridged; they
head in the St. Mary's River, and are filled at high water of that river. The road bed
across this flat is hard and solid, free from swamp, and I do not consider that the
overflow is any great detriment to it as it seldom occurs.
" The velocity of the current at the time of survey was 4| miles per hour, and the
greatest depth at high water of 1876 was 27 feet 4 inches. (See plan and section).
The bottom of the river is composed of sand, gravel, and small boulders, and it is the 304 Report of Public Works. 1877
opinion of those who have seen it at low water, that piles can be driven. There is a layer
of boulders near the top of the east bank that could bo used for filling piers, &c, if
required. There are but few trees in this locality fit for building purposes,—no cedar
accessible within thirty miles. I observed about thirty tamaracks, one mile west of the
ferry, from two to two and a half feet diameter, and could be hewn 60 feet long for
stringers, but I think it is not very durable timber. There is a large grove of pine (not
white pine, probably yellow) of all sizes, up to four feet diameter, that would produce
timbers 60 feet long; they are distant about three miles from the ferry, and lie in the
angle between the Kootenay and St. Mary's Riversjthey could be hauled to either river
and floated down to the bridge site.
" Tou will perceive from the profile, that on account of the great depth of the river
and the rapidity of the current, it would be very expensive and difficult to build a bridge
at this point.
" I also took the depths of the river 200 feet below the ferry, and found it no more
favourable than at the ferry.
" The Ford below Galbraith's Ferry.
" There is a ford for horses at low water about 1,200 feet below the ferry. The
breadth of tho river at this point is 510 feet, the velocity of the current is four miles per
hour; the bank on the east side is eightyfeet high, but on the west side is only five feet,
and wearing away fast by the action of the river. A deep slough on the west side
would require a bridge seventy feet long. There is much low ground, intersected with
sloughs further west towards the hills.
" I did not take the depths of the river at this ford; to do so it would be necessary
to anchor the boat at each station, and the boat being small and the current strong, it
was thought by those that were to assist me, that it might swamp the boat.
" I am informed that on crossing the river at this ford it is necessary to make a
circuit some distance down stream, in order to follow the bar, and in building a bridge
straight across it would bring the centre of it in much deeper water. Further down the
river becomes wider and the banks low, and immediately below the ford Wild Horse
Creek is making a temporary deposit of an immense quantity of tailings, in the shape of
gravel and small rocks.
" St. Mary's Biver Bridge.
"I next proceeded to examine the St. Mary's River, near the Roman Catholic
Mission of St. Eugene. I found it to be a very rapid river, running over a bed of large
boulders, and not fordable at this season. I examined two sites for bridges on this river,
about three-quarters of a mile apart. (See plan). The upper one would require a bridge
257 feet in length; the velocity of the current is five miles per hour; the lower one, a
bridge 292 feet long, and current five and a half miles per hour. Piles could not be
driven here.    (See plan and section).
" There is no difficulty in building a bridge at either of these sites, as there is plenty
of stone on the spot for building piers, and enough timber within (i mile) one-quarter
mile of the lower, and (i mile) one-half mile of the upper one. The timber consists of
tamarack, yellow pine, and. some fir. They are of different sizes, up to three feet
diameter, and could be hewn sixty feet or seventy feet long for stringers, but they are not
numerous. The St. Mary's is a very shallow river at low water, and easily fordable.
I prefer the lower location for a bridge site, as the river has there a smoother bottom,
and it is more in the direct line of travel.
" A bridge built on wooden piers, properly secured, and filled with rock, would, I
think, be suitable for either site on the St. Mary's River, and would cost about $**. The
two bridge sites that I have described on tho St. Mary's River are at the old crossings
on the trails, and are the best on the river.
" Bummer's Flat Narrows.
" I next examined two sites at Bummer's Flat. The first one is at the narrows
where the Indians swim their horses over the Kootenay River. This place would require
a bridge 340 feet in length. The depth of the river at high water of 1876 was 35 feet in
the deepest place, and the velocity of current at present time is one and three-quarter
miles per hour. (See plan and section.) The bottom of the river is, I think, sand or
firm gravel; I could not feel any rocks in the bottom, and there are none visible in the
hanks, ■ 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 305
" The west bank never overflows, but the east bank overflows from one to two feet
deep for about one hundred feet. The trail follows a dry ridge easterly, about one mile,
to the high land. The top of this ridge is about even with high water of 1876, except
two or three short stretches. This road is solid and free from swamp, and I do not
consider the slight overflow of the flats any material injury to it.
" The great depth of the river at this place is the only difficulty in the way of
building the bridge at this narrows, which is, I fear, sufficient to cause its rejection. ,
"Bummer's Flat Ford.
" The next place I examined was the ford at Bummer's Flat, about 1,000 feet below
the last place described. The distance between the posts that I set on the banks is 653
feet, but it would require 42 feet more bridging to bring it to a higher bank, making the
total length of the bridge 695 feet. The velocity of the current is two miles per hour, at
/present. The bottom of the river for the first two hundred feet from the east side is
sand, but in the centre and west side it is gravel and small boulders. The current is
uniform across the river. The channel here never changes its course or position, except
on the east side, where some years the high water shifts the sand to a small extent, and
it would be necessary to drive piles into the sand. There are no boulders or rock visible
in'the banks. I am informed on good authority that, at low water, a large bar or island
composed of gravel and small boulders, appears immediately below the ford, and near
the west side of the river. I have no means of ascertaining whether piles can be driven
in the gravelly part of the river, but I am inclined to think they could.
" The same remarks apply to this bridge site, with regard to the trail across Bummers' Flat, that I made in describing the bridge site at Bummers' Flat Narrows. But
on the west side, you will observe from the section, that there is a low place between
the bank and the hill. This low place is at present dry and hard and very seldom fills
with water, being protected from the overflow of the river by a high rim along the
bank, but if it did fill at extreme high water it could be avoided by horsemen by making
a circuit up stream, along the rim, or it would not be very expensive to fill up the low
ground. At the distance of one-half mile to a mile to the south-west of this ford, on
the trail to St. Mary's River, there is an abundance of yellow pine, straight and tall,
that could be used for stringers, planks, &c, in constructing a bridge at this place, but
there are no cedar, white pine, or fir in this locality. The pine are of all sizes up to 3J
feet diameter, and could be hewn 60 feet long. Any boulders or rock for filling piers,
if required, could be taken from the bar before described, and if not enough, they would
have to be hauled one and a half miles. I am of opinion that a more substantial bridge
could be built at Bummers' Flat Ford than at any of the other crossings on the Kootenay
River; the water is shallow and the bed of the river is tolerably even. It would give
access to a large tract of grazing land, between the Kootenay and St. Mary's Rivers.
I would, therefore, select the ford at Bummer's Flat on the Kootenay for one bridge
site, at a cost of about * * , and the lower crossing on the St. Mary's for the other, at a
cost of about * * .
" The price of lumber at Galbraith's sawmill at Joseph's Prairie, is $60 per thousand.
Whipsawyers in the mines charge the same price, but by taking a large quantity it
could be delivered at the bridge site for that sum or less. There are plenty of yellow
pine for lumber, within three-quarters of a mile of bridge site at Bummer's Flat, that
could be whipsawed.
" The price of labour in the mines here is $4 per day for white men, and $3 50 for
Chinamen, the men boarding themselves. Indians work for about $1 per day. Men are
scarce here; there are not many in the country; they are all engaged at some work at
present, but in the winter they have not much to do. There are about four men here
that have been accustomed to work on bridges; they would be expecting $6 per day.
" I transmit to your address, in a separate letter, eight tracings, viz.:—a general
map of the Kootenay and St. Mary's Rivers; maps of the Kootenay at Galbraith's Ferry
and Bummer's Flat; map of the St. Mary's River at the Roman Catholic Mission;
sections of the Kootenay at Galbraith's Ferry, at Bummer's Flat Ford, and at Bummer's
Flat Narrows; and sections of the St. Mary's at the Roman Catholic Mission.
" I have, etc.,
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner       (Signed) "William Ralph.
of Lands and Works." 306 Report of Public Works. 1877
It was decided, from the above report, to adopt the Bummer's Flat crossing, and
plans and specifications for a bridge over Kootenay River were prepared and forwarded
to the Government Agent of the district. Tenders were called for by Mr. Booth for
the proposed work, but no tenders were received up to the date of the expiration of
the notice given.
Cassiar District.
Roads and Bridges.
Mr. T. Robertson was instructed, on the 2nd March, to proceed at once to Telegraph
Creek, and take the necessary^ precautions to protect the bridges over the 1st and 2nd
North Forks of the Stickeen River against the ice drifts which occur on the river breaking up every spring.
On being satisfied of the security of these structures, he was to proceed to place the
trail thence to Dease Lake in thorough repair. Mr. Robertson was subsequently, on
the completion of the above-mentioned work, instructed to place himself in communication with Mr. Vowell, the Gold Commissioner of the District, and carry out any trail
work in the neighbourhood of the mines which that gentleman might suggest.
Annexed will be found the details of the work performed, also reports from the
Gold Commissioner and the Road Superintendent.
The following work was carried out under the superintendence of Mr. Thomas
Robertson:—
Dease Creek Trail, 85 miles long, 20 feet wide.
Dease Creek    „       8       ,, 8       ,,
Thibert Creek „       9        „ 8        „
Lake „      26        „ 10        „
making a total of 128 miles of trail, on which there were 38 miles of forest clearing,
averaging 12 feet in width.
Grading, 9| miles, 4 feet wide.
Corduroying, 5,717 feet, 6 feet wide.
1 bridge, 33 feet long, 8 feet wide, 10 feet high.
1      „     132        „ 8        „ 33        „
1      „       40        „ 8        „ 6        „
Dease River has been cleared of drift wood obstructions for a distance of 3 miles,
for the purpose of improving navigation.
The following work was also carried out by Mr. R. Sylvester, foreman, acting
under instructions from the Gold Commissioner :—
A trail of 25 miles in length was cut from McDame Creek to Rosella and Dennis
Creeks, of which 15 miles was forest cleared to a width of 7 feet, and 3 miles graded.
Repairing McDame Creek trail, from the landing on Dease River to Snow Creek,
24 miles in length.
1 bridge, 95 feet long, 5 feet wide, 10 feet high.
1      ,i       20        ,, o        ,, 5        ,,
the former being a new bridge across McDame Creek, on mule trail, about four miles
below the town of McDame.
" Lakeion, Cassiar,
"September 27th, 1877.
"Sir,—I have the honour to forward, herewith, a statement of accounts between
your department and this district for the current year.
V# * * * * * * *
"The expenditure upon local trails for 1877, considering the unusual inclemency of
the season, the amount of work actually done, and the extent of country to be gone
over, is extremely moderate.
"Many improvements, which, were there funds on hand to execute, would have been
of much benefit to this district were obliged to be passed over.   However, as this season has been unprecedented as regards its destructive effects upon trails, etc., it is to be
hoped that with the amount voted for 1878, much can be accomplished in the way of
completing trails, assisting navigation on Dease River, and running trails from Dease
and Thibert and on to McDame Creek. The latter, which would only require to be of a
nature to allow the miners to haul their tabogans over the ice during that portion of the
spring when the ice is unsafe for travel, but sufficient to prevent the passage of boats,
etc., and would not cost very much, would be of great service to the miners, who, as
things are at present, every year lose much time, money, and labour, which could be
otherwise advantageously expended on their claims and in the opening up of the
country.
" Every effort was made byr me to keep the expenditure within the figures allowed,
and nothing has been done that was not absolutely required, being in fact works of
necessity.
" I would particularly, and with all due respect, urge upon the Government and
yourself the great want that exists in this district as regards a suitable Court House
and compartments, in keeping with the requirements of Cassiar and the efficient
administration of the law, etc.
" The sum required to erect the same, and also to provide for a building at Glenora,
would be at least $     *     * The building at Glenora would be a saving of $15 per
month, in addition to other advantages. Laketon, Dease Creek, will, without doubt,
continue to be the central place of business for the district.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) "A. W. Vowell,
.    " To the Honourable " Stipendiary Magistrate,
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
" Victoria, B. O, November 3rd, 1877.
" Sir,—Under instructions from Lands and Works Department, Victoria, March
2nd, 1877, I proceeded to Cassiar to superintend the repairs of Dease Lake Trail, and to
secure the bridges at the breaking up of the ice, on 1st and 2nd North Forks, Stickeen
River, and, having been provided with wire rope and other things necessary to that end,
to construct a ferry (should the bridge bo carried away) as soon as convenient.
" I placed the wire rope in position on the Taltan, as the ice showed signs of breaking up shortly. I carefully watched for a few days, until I was satisfied that no big ice
jam could take place.
"I then went round to 2nd North Fork, and from the appearance of that stream no
danger was to be anticipated. I secured and strengthened the bridge with the wire
sent for that purpose, but at the high stage of water in May the bridge on 2nd North
Fork was carried away by the bed-rock sliding into the stream that formed the abutment on the south end of the bridge.
"The wire rope that was previously placed over the Taltan was removed and
erected over the 2nd North Fork, and by means of a cage running on the rope travellers
were taken across safely. Freight for pack-trains was also taken over. In fact, little
or no detention was felt during the erection of the present bridge.
" The bridge is erected at or about the same place, but several feet higher. Length,
132 feet, having a span of 92 feet, with spring bow truss, 90 feet.
" My next attention was the repairs to Dease Lake Trail. Owing to the extreme
wet weather, the wear and tear of the trail from the number of pack animals continually
travelling over it, a great deal more corduroy and repairing had to be done to keep it
in good order than was expected, and which occupied me until the end of July.
Leaving Dease Lake Trail until fall, and under instructions from the Gold Commissioner
for Cassiar, I was next employed making and repairing the local trails of Dease and
Thibert Creeks. The old trail on Dease Creek was put in good repair for three miles;
thence a new trail cut and graded for five miles, after which I was employed on Thibert
Creek, making and repairing the trail to Berry Gulch, 8 J miles, which at the present time
is a good trail for pack animals. I was afterwards employed on Dease River for a few
miles, cutting and clearing away drift piles, but as the river was extremely high, the
work that was and is necessary to be done could not be performed only at very low
water. 308 Report oe Public Works. 1877
" I was next employed in cutting a trail from Laketon to head of Dease Lake,
approximate length, 26 miles, forest cleared and logs chopped out, 10 feet wide. This is
intended for a cattle trail, and to facilitate the miners coining out in the fall when travel
on Dease Lake is partially stopped. In working back over the Dease Lake trail, for the
last time this fall, the chained distance from head of Dease Lake to junction of Telegraph and Glenora trails is 72 miles, 35 chains, thence to Glenora 12 miles, 45 chains,
total 85 miles.
" In conclusion, I beg to call the attention of the Government to the bridge over the
Taltan, on 1st North Fork, Stickeen River. Before the heavy travel in the Spring, the
bridge requires to be uncovered, truss taken down, and the lower stringer of the bridge
taken up, the pier in the stream having settled on the lower point leaving the bridge
very much out of level. On account of the continual travel of men and animals it
could not be done at the close of this season's work.
" For the amount of work performed on the different trails this year see printed
forms for road parties.
"I have, etc.,
(Signed) " Thomas H. Robertson.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
Buildings.
Lock-up, Laketon.
C. W. Baker, contractor, at $725.
This building has been erected in the rear of and adjoining the old buildings. It
is constructed of logs and measures 16 feet square, divided into three cells, 5 by 7
feet, and a passage way. Height of walls, 8 feet. The building is fitted with
lumber doors, and the necessary gratings, locks, &c.
Lock-up, McDame Creek.
Peterson & McKeller, contractors, at $795.
This building has been erected on the Reserve at McDame Creek. The building
is constructed of hewn logs, 26 feet by 12 feet in the clear, divided into two cells,
7 by 4J feet, a passage way and a main room. Height of walls, 8 feet. The building has been fitted with suitable doors, windows, gratings, &c. This contract also
included making two tables and some benches. 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
309
Detailed Expenditure,  Victoria District Roads.
Date.
Paetiodlaes.
Amount.
Total.
March	
April  7
>•,     16
n     21
,,     24
.18
May ,
August.
September 10
June ....
August.
.12
July 22
September 10
October 22
Cedar Bill Road to Saanich Road.
Pay sheet, labourers repairing road	
G Nicholson, team hire	
E Marvin, tools, &c. (proportion)	
W D Patterson, surveying line of road
W P Sayward, lumber	
J Smith, labour   ,	
C Cameron, do	
Bryden's to Bryant's, Sleigh Road.
W Bryden, contract.,
H Simpson, meals	
Road near McDonald's, North Saanich.
J C M Davis, instalment on contract   ,, ,
W Reid, salary superintending do Arrears 1876, $40 04
City Boundary to Swan Lake.
T Preece, relaying water pipes ...
J Baker, instalment on contract
Do.      completion of    do.
Cordon Head Road.
June ,
July  25
August 17
September 17
September   4
November    7
July   6
»    22
„    20
August   2
T Deasy, chaining ,
J Martin, axeman	
W Hassard, chaining	
A R Howse, surveying	
P Murphy, conveying party of surveyors .
J Finlayson, provisions for do.
J Parker, meat	
Sleigh Road, Section 86 to Saanich Read,
JKrantz, construction of road	
Stelly's to Brown's Ditch.
J Beauchime, labour  , ,
H Simpson, meals    	
J Henderson, do ,	
A Verdier, constructing fence	
Do. do. trail (sleigh) contract,
West Saanich Road Repairs.
S Kelly, tinware for Snider's party	
H Simpson, two old tents 	
E Marvin, tools (proportion) 	
P Gilligan, wages  ,
J Sluggett, team hire and butter	
J W Sluggett, labour  ...
J Henderson, fare Snider, and spikes .
P Bartleman, blacksmithing	
M Heron, labour 	
W J Graham, do	
Mrs. Nicholson, butter  	
C Ball, gads 	
G Nicholson, team hire	
Carried forward.
$   cts.
81 00
27 50
9 00
33 50
17 25
41 50
6 00
100 00
1 00
175 00
55 44
105 00
637 50
1,302 50
10 00
4 00
10 00
30 00
10 00
8 62
1 30
2 00
1 50
2 50
140 00
152  00
24 50
10 00
15 00
40 00
73 25
36 92
4 50
14 75
30 03
51 59
10 00
4 50
134 75
449 79
$    cts.
215 75
101 00
230 44
2,045 00
73 92
90 00
298 00
3,054 11
22 310
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Roads.— Continued.
Date.
Paeticulaes.
Amount.
Total.
September   1
3
17
20
Brought forward	
West Saanich Road.—Concluded.
27
November   2
30
November 21
November 17
September   4
P Gilligan, wages   	
D Connelly, labour ,	
Pay sheet,       do	
G Nicholson, team hire 	
Mrs. Nicholson, butter   	
Pay sheet, labour ,
J Camp, potatoes ,	
New England Bakery, meals for Snider ,
G Mitchell, provisions, do.
F Reynolds, meat....	
J Stevens, potatoes and beef. ;	
McKenzie & Co., blacksmithing	
East Saanich Road—Sandhill Bridge, near Bryant's.
P McCarthy, labour	
G Nicholson, team hire
F Thornton, labour	
Ryan's to Wain's.
H Simpson, grading and gravelling...,	
Cedar Hill to Pollock's,
J Baker, contract, repairs	
Cedar Hill Road.
P Murphy, waggon hire ,
W Clarke, measuring ....
J Irvine, meals	
September
4
n
October...
1
16
j)
17
September
13
September
October
1
20
4
ii
ii
ii
ii
November
5
12
18
29
29
1
ii
2
30
J Henderson, meals...	
H Simpson, labour	
W Thomson, instalment on contract	
Do. do.	
Do. extras	
M. Bradbury, repairs to corduroy , ,
Burnside Road.
W Tierney, contract, repairs ,
Cross Road, Burnside Road to Saanich Road.
Mount Newton Cross Road,
W Hillier, team hire   ,
E Dewdney, surveying   	
P Gilligan, labour 	
B Dooling, wages (proportion) ,..,
P McCarthy, do. 	
G Nicholson, double team hire (proportion).
W Johnston, salary	
S Morrow do ,
P Gilligan, labour   ,	
W Clarke, carpenter's work	
J Parker, meat	
Carried forward,
$ cts.
449 79
40 00
66 99
150 15
199 37
5 00
959 98
2 50
1 00
261 55
97 00
7 26
13 62
1 54
140 25
34 65
2 00
2 50
1 00
1 50
1 00
300 00
675 00
12 50
14 50
5 50
5 00
12 32
33 88
33 88
30 25
35 42
44 16
1 54
12 00
40 46
$ cts.
3,054 11
2,254 21
176 44
110 00
365 00
5 50
1,004 50
835 00
254 41
8,059 17 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
311
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Paeticulaes.
Amount.
Total.
October
2
n
22
)j
22
))
22
n
23
ji
18
jj
29
D
29
November
1
M
2
Brought forward	
Saanich Wharf Site.
W R Clarke, fee, locating site	
H Simpson, meals and horse feed	
Captain Clarke, Indian assistance	
H Wain, meals, horse hire, &c	
J A Mahood, surveying, making plans, &c.
Mount Tolmie Cross Road.
G Nicholson, team hire
W Johnston, salary	
S Morrow,        do	
P Gilligan, labour 	
P McCarthy, do	
October     22
November   5
October 18
18
25
29
28
November 1
„ 30
April
May
July
August
September
October..
November
Bryant's to Simpson';
W Tierney, instalment on contract,
Do. balance and extras	
Colquitz Valley Junction to Cook's.
G Nicholson, team hire 	
P McCarthy, labour	
W Foote, making culvert on cross road ,
W Johnston, salary	
S Morrow,        do ,	
P Gilligan, labour   ,...
J Parker, meat	
General Repairs.
G Nicholson, team hire	
S Jones, board	
A McLeod, labour    ,	
J W Carey, clearing fallen timber  	
J Nicholson, salary   ,	
E B Marvin, tents (proportion)	
J Smith, labour	
J Spratt, blacksmithing	
C Ryan, cutting out fallen timber	
H Wain, do.	
E Grancini, wire cloth for screens	
W G Bowman, horse hire, Nicholson	
T Storey, repairs to bridge, Ross Bay road ,
W Reid, superintending repairs    ,
W H Snider, clearing fallen timber, and meals for men.
W Wilson and G Anderson, labour ,
Pay sheet, labour	
J Henderson, board for Snider and man	
J Kranz, potatoes 	
W H Williams, beef ,	
H Anderson, labour	
W H Snider, team hire and board for men ,
Do. axemen and labourers ,
W P Sayward, lumber ,	
W H Snider, board for men, team hire, &c	
H Hewit, labour  , ,
$   cts.
20 00
1 50
2 50
4 50
60 00
Carried forward.,
33 00
9 24
3 84
9 24
8 47
375 00
1,034 30
24 75
6 93
30 00
7 70
7 68
7 70
9 00
5 50
8 50
4 00
2 50
200 00
15 00
00
12
50
00
58
50
49 42
6 16
21 CO
6
13
3
3
00
50
00
00
6 60
1 50
52 50
66 00
11 89
80 50
6 00
584 27
$   cts.
8,059 17
88 50
63 79
1,409 30
93 7'6
9,714 52 312
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Roads—Concluded.
Date.
Particulaes.
Amount.
Total.
September   4
September 14
November 21
Brought forward	
'General Repairs.—Concluded.
S Jones, board	
J Beauchime, labour 	
J Stevens, meals	
H Simpson, cutting out trees 	
A Christopher, waggon hire	
E Grancini, tools (proportion)	
E B Marvin, tents        do.        	
J Nicholson, salary,     do. 	
W P Sayward, lumber	
G Francis, buggy hire for Surveyor-General.,
H Simpson, cutting out fallen trees	
Total Victoeia District.,
$   cts. $   cts.
312  78 9,714 52
856 15
10,570 67 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
313
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Roads.
Date.
Paetioulaes.
Amount.
Total.
r
))
6
77
10
1!
18
77
18
71
18
7)
18
2b
11
27
24
11
27
11
28
11
2a
Septembei
1
!J
4
4
4
n
1
j?
7
j)
7
ii
7
ii
14
ii
24
October
5
)j
9
q
)j
19
»j
19
ii
19
ii
19
ii
29
November
2
7)
23
June
5
July
2
jj
4
77
6
>)
10
77
18
August
O
j j
15
n
17
18
H
18
77
20
77
20
77
20
7)
20
September   1
5 )
4
7?
4
77
1
I)
b
7)
7
7 1
17
October
5
9
Parson's Bridge,
R Ingham, stonemason's time,,	
T Hughes, do.  ,
J Beauchime, labour ,
A McLeod, labour   ,
J Smith,       do ,
B Dooling,    do	
Ah Jack, Chinese cook, wages	
R Oessford, labour	
R Maltby,        do	
M Muir, lumber	
William Clark, carpentering	
William Rocket, labour	
P McCarthy,        do	
Mrs. Calvert, provisions and board,	
G Lindsay, butter ,	
P Calvert, meals 	
H Helgesen, potatoes  ,	
G Anderson, groceries	
J Spratt, blacksmithing ,	
W Hillier, team hire	
E Marvin, tools for Nicholson	
E Grancini, do. 	
W P Sayward, lumber	
G Francis, buggy hire for Surveyor-General	
B Dooling, wages	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire	
S Morrow, labour ,
J Whitty, team hire	
J W Williams, buggy hire for Surveyor-General
J Beauchime, labour	
R Maltby, lime	
W Johnston, labour	
P McQuade, patent blocks and gear	
Fellows & Roscoe, spikes, nails, etc	
Metchosin Road.
Ah Sing, wages as cook	
P Gilligan, labour	
William Tierney, team hire  	
P Calvert, do	
Goodacre & Dooley, meat and vegetables 	
S Morrow, labour	
W G Bowman, horse and buggy hire	
J Parker, meat	
J Sullivan, wages	
A McLeod, labour	
J Smith,        do ,	
Ah Jack, wages as cook	
B Dooling, labour	
A McLeod,    do	
J Smith,        do	
Mrs. Calvert, provisions	
G Lindsay, butter	
H Helgesen, potatoes	
G Anderson, groceries ,	
Kelly & Co., tinware for Nicholson	
W Hillier, team hire	
Pay Sheet, (proportion)	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire ,	
S Morrow, labour	
Carried forward,,,,,.
$ cts.
14 50
17 25
13 47
41 58
46 58
46 58
32 48
36 19
6 00
384 36
141 00
131 63
35 80
60 14
28 00
1 00
3 00
58 75
86 24
33 00
23 25
2 50
45 56
25 00
2 31
148 50
13 92
2 75
5 00
15 40
6 00
49 28
28 80
24 15
8 12
5 62
5 50
22 00
30 14
9 60
5 00
25 48
7 70
23 10
23 10
17 40
23 10
70
70
37
19 00
4 25
51 00
3 00
38 50
1 54
82 50
28 80
452 22
1,609 97
1.609 97 314
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Roads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October 19
19
29
29
25
25
November    1
2
30
May
17
)7
17
))
19
77
19
77
19
June
2
July
4
77
6
9
77
10
7)
18
August
2
77
15
17
)?
20
73
20
September   4
)7
4
SO
4
77
4
October
19
77
19
77
19
))
J!9
April
7
)7
11
11
77
11
77
24
77
24
May
17
July
31
April
21
ji
4
September
14
14
n
20
Brought forward	
Metchosin Road.—Concluded.
J Beauchime, labour....
W Tierney, team hire..
W Johnston, labour —
Donald Fraser, rails ....
H Helgesen, team hire.
A Peatt, do.    ..
P Gilligan, labour  ,
P McCarthy,    do.   ,	
J Parker, meat	
Esquimalt Road,
An Go, cook for Nicholson	
J Arthur, clearing roeks ..,	
D Conolly, labour	
J C M Davis, team hire  .',	
S Curry, labour	
J Tassie,    do	
Ah Sing, wages as cook , ,	
W Tierney, team hire	
P Calvert, potatoes	
P Calvert, team hire	
H Saunders, groceries for Nicholson's party.,
S Morrow, labour , ,
T Nicholson, bacon ,	
J Parker, meat  ,	
J Sullivan, wages	
Ah Jack, wages as cook	
A McLeod, labour	
C Pardoe, powder and fuze...	
G Pears, potatoes	
G & L Young, bread	
G Lindsay, butter	
A McLeod, labour	
S Holton,      do ,	
W Tierney, team hire	
W Johnston, labour	
Point Ellice Bridge,
Pay Sheet, carpenters	
G Gowdy, drayage .....	
S Jones, board, etc	
G G Walker, hire of scow	
W P Sayward, lumber ,,
M Muir, lumber	
W Sampson, repairs to planking 	
Fellows and Roscoe, spikes and nails..
Hospital Road.
A McLeod, labour ,
J C Bales, dump cart hire .
Sooke Harbour to Vine',
WF Tolmie, jr., chaining	
J Weir, do	
A R Howse, exploring for trail and locating..
Carried forward	
$ cts.
452 22
23 10
5 50
44 66
6 00
75
50
13 86
13 86
5 50
6 00
2 50
16 17
126 50
29 26
20 79
22 04
7 37
7' 50
111 25
60 34
58 48
21 00
13 75
49 66
49 66
7 31
2 25
2 50
75
13 50
30 03
2 25
7 37
13 48
155 75
1 00
17 00
1 00
13 12
364 00
1 50
44 77
2 00
20 00
18 00
16 00
57 69
91 69
$ cts.
1,609 97
572 95
681 71
598 14
22 00
3,484 77 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
315
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Roads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
November   1
2
October       5
5
9
29
June
27
11
27
July
2
J!
4
11
,6
1)
10
18
August
6
ii
15
ii
17
u
20
ii
20
i)
10
September   4
ii
4
October
1
ii
19
!!
19
J)
19
11
29
June
i ^
22
July
18
77
9
77
25
) 1
25
September
4
7 J
4
October
19
7)
19
Brought fort
Sooke Harbour to Vine's—Concluded.
P Gilligan, labour .
P McCarthy,   do. .
Belmont
B Dooling, labour ...
Mrs. Calvert, team hi
S Morrow, labour	
W Johnston, labour.,
Sooke Road.
M Muir, clearing trees, whitewashing Sooke Bridge, building]
culvert, cfec ,	
M Muir, sack of flour	
P Gilligan, labour	
W Tierney, team hire	
P Calvert,        do	
H Saunders, groceries ;	
S Morrow, labour	
A Campbell, clearing trees from trail	
J Parker, meat	
J Sullivan, wages	
Ah Jack, wages as cook..;	
J Smith, labour	
A McLeod, do ,
G Lindsay, butter ,
P Calvert, bread	
M Muir, clearing trees	
B Dooling, labour	
J Beauchime, labour ,
W Tierney, team hire	
W Johnston, labour ,
Stone Wall, Esquimalt Road.
July
August
October
November    1
W Millington, stone mason work.
lames Barnes,  labour	
li Maltby, lime	
S Morrow, labour	
P Calvert, team hire 	
M McCarthy, hauling water	
W H Courtney, stone mason	
T Goudy, hauling ,	
II Logan, blacksmithing	
A Jones, labour	
A McLeod, do.	
Admiral's Road.
W Tierney, team hire ,
J Parker, meat..	
A McLeod, labour ,
W Tierney, team hire ,
W Johnstou, labour...,
S Morrow,        do	
P Gilligan,       do	
Carried forward.,
$   cts.
91 69
6 16
6 16
1 54
5 50
1 92
1 54
68 50
2 50
8 85
5 50
64 62
40 59
32  16
4 00
21 83
25 80
19 72
25 79
25 79
18 50
1 00
'4 00
3 OS
16 55
5 50
25 79
75 00
48 75
46 00
4 00
40 00
15 00
97 50
2  50
1 00
40 00
7 31
5 50
6 50
3 08
50
54
93
54
$    cts.
3,484 11
104 01
10 50
420 07
377 06
25 58
4,421  99 316
Report oe Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Roads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August
October
September   1
29
October
5
n
5
12
n
ii
November
19
29
30
October
5
ii
ii
ii
5
29
29
October
5
ii
ii
5
9
27
October
29
October
5
ii
8
October
November
29
9
April
1
1
.11
11
11
11
Brought forward,,
Albert Head Road,
%    cts.
A McLeod, labour	
D Smith,      do	
Ah Jack, wages as cook.,
B Dooling, labour	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire....
S Morrow, labour	
J Beauchime, labour	
W Johnston	
11 00
3 84
Gorge Road.
Mrs. Calvert, provisions.,
W Hillier, team hire...,,,
GNicholson,    do	
B Dooling, labour	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire...,
P McCarthy, labour	
S Morrow,        do	
W Johnston,    do ,
J Parker, meat	
Goldstream Road.
B Dooling, wages	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire.,
S Morrow, labour	
W Johnston, do. 	
Highland Road.
B Dooling, labour 	
Mrs. Calvert, team hire
S Morrow, labour	
J H Scafe, repairs....	
4 45
44 00
33 00
11 55
44 00
10 78
19 28
12 32
9 50
1 54
4 12
1 92
1  54
1 54
2 75
1 92
55 00
Happy Valley Road.
P Wilson, clearing trees	
Simpson's to Vine's.
E Vine, packing for Howse's party ,
J Tugwell, constructing trail ,
10 00
90 00
Parker's to Vine's.
H Helgesen,  team hire, &c.
G Coles, beef.	
22  00
14 50
May
10
General Repairs.
G Nicholson, team hire	
T Parker, sundry repairs	
S Jones, board, &c	
D Conley, labour ,	
P Harmon,    do	
P Calvert, meals	
J Nicholson, salary as Superintendent.
E B Marvin, tents, &c ,
11 00
7 00
8 50
6 00
1 00
1 50
200 00
15 00
■   $    cts.
4,421 99
32 56
186 88
9  12
61  21
2 50
100 00
30 50
Carried forward.,
250 00
4,850 76 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works. «
317
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Roads.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
May
19
June
5
11
6
July
4
ii
4
ii
20
August
29
Septembei
4
1!
4
11
4
11
4
11
4
11
4
11
4
October
19
ii
19
November
25
Brought forward..
General Repairs.—Concluded.
J Spratt, blacksmithing ,
Ah Sing, wages as cook	
S L Kelly, tinware 	
S Duck, repairs to buggy	
E Grancini, wire cloth for screens	
H Good, cutting fallen tree	
P McCarthy, labour	
J Barry, expressage	
P Calvert, board	
S Jones        do	
Do. do ,
Do. do „	
W G Bowman, buggy hire for Surveyor-General,
J Nicholson, salary	
P McCarthy, labour	
J Horie, cutting fallen trees	
H Grimm, repairs to buggy	
Total Esquimalt District.,
cts.
250 00
5 63
9 28
25
50
58
00
62
50
50
75
50
60
00
6
17
4
1
4
2
2
3
3
3
5
191 25
$ Cts,
4,850 76
521 59
5,372 35 818
"Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Cowichan District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
April
May
June
April
May
June
April
Kokasailah Bridge.
24
23
4
16
A Dods, contract	
D Evans, inspecting contract work ,
Do.        salary ,
J Kier, contract ,	
D Evans, inspecting contract work ,
Do. salary „ ,
J Kier, repairs to trunk road .
June
14
July
77
77
1)
3
6
25
25
October
29
77
7)
November
29
9
14
14
77
77
14
24
June
27
August
8
77
13
13
October
November 14
Drinkwater's to Richardson's
Gowichan Flats.
Mayne Island Pier.
J A Mahood, surveying wharf site	
W A Franklin, conveyance of surveyors, &c ,
J Finlayson, groceries for Mr. Mahood 	
P Arnaud, meals do. 	
Alex. Todd, services with boat ,.,	
Nanaimo and Cowichan Road.
G C Keays, tinware for Evans' party.
E Marvin, tools do.
J N Evans, hauling rocks	
J Charley, tinware for Evans' party .
B B Marvin, tents do.
J Evans, beef ,	
G Askew, clearing out road	
Section 2, Goldstream and Cowichan Road.
D Evans, salary	
Jas. Dougan, clearing trail	
J Nicholson, instalment on'contract,
D Evans, salary	
Do. do	
J Nicholson, instalment on contract..
May
June
August
October
September 17
17
17
Harrisville to Sayward's.
J Evans   instalment on contract ,
$   cts.
500 00
10 00
8 00
660 00
10 00
20 00
30 00
1 75
10 65
5 00
7 50
General Repairs.
Jas. Love, clearing logs Arrears 1876
D Evans, salary	
H Marriner, labour	
R McLay,        do	
J Dougan,       do ,	
D Evans, do.	
D Evans, salary 0„	
Road between Sections 17 and 18, Ranges V. and VI. to Somenos Ck
A H Green, surveying line of road
Pay sheet, labour ,
Do.    do	
26 25
27 75
15 00
63 52
42 50
7 95
8 00
60 00
10 00
2,700 00
150 00
150 00
2,550 00
5 00
54 19
3 00
2 00
2 00
10 00
10 00
40 00
9 75 '
4 00
Total Cowichan District.
%   cts.
518 00
690 00
191 00
54 90
190 97
5,020 00
273  00
8G  19
53  75
7,677 81 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
319
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Long Bridge, Commercial Street.
May 23
23
August       15
September   4
1
17
October
7)
77
November
29
29
14
14
7 )
77
15
19
June
12
July
6
6
28
August
15
20
28
September 17
C Carpenter, planking ,...,
J B Shaw, repairs ,	
" Cariboo-Fly," passage of Surveyor-Gen. and freight on cement
W McTiernan, hauling cement	
W A Franklin, hauling screw-jack 	
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pay sheet ,	
J Ganner, hauling lumber	
R Hall, do. 	
R Drew, do.  ,	
T Glaholm,        do. 	
"Cariboo-Fly," freight  ,
C Carpenter, lumber   	
R Nightingale, instalment on contract   	
" Cariboo-Fly,'' freight on cement  ,	
R Nightingale, constructing piers of bridge	
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pay sheet  , „	
C Carpenter, lumber   	
Do. do '. ,	
T Glaholm, hauling	
D Drew, do ,	
C Carpenter, lumber 	
J H Pleace, tools	
J Ganner, hauling   	
J Holden, ironwork	
J Quagliotti, rope	
W Wilson, nails, &c	
C Carnenter, lumber  	
Do.       '   do.	
R Drew, hauling	
A Mayer, rope and nails	
Pay sheet, carpenters	
G Norris, advertising ,	
G Stelly, hauling cement 	
R Nightingale, preparing and setting cement	
Chase River Road.
C McNeil, labour	
J Schneider, pay sheet, labour..,
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
JLove, labour	
E Wall, wages as cook	
H McNeil, labour....	
China Cook, wages 	
Thos. Trotter, labour   	
China Cook, wages 	
W Stewart, powder	
J Akenhead, beef	
J Holden, blacksmithing	
J Abrams, butter	
D Aberdeen, labour	
C Byron, do	
Do. do	
W Wreford,    do	
Quennell & Robinson, meat.,
J H Pleace, tools	
W Parkin, provisions    ,
W Wilson, tools	
W Carpenter, labour	
Gamed forward ,.,
$   cts.
$   cts.
2 96
4 00
12 50
15 00
2 50
280 87
12 36
11 70
16 08
10 95
3 62
376 40
600 00
20 00
979 00
15 75
475 26
148 08
10 25
7 00
50 61
7 50
40 97
123 76
13 50
41 10
141 75
323 00
23 76
6 75
28 50
3 00
20 00
7 00
 ,	
3,835 48
21 94
15 78
6 16
100 34
23 10
26 80
75 46
10 01
5 00
90 24
61 25
42 00
18 08
11 95
81 23
52 74
77 20
28 62
67 83
12,62
50 05
878 40
,835 48 320
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September 17
24
24
25
October       8
25
November   2
14
24
30
September 17
November
26
September 17
November    2
14
30
October
November 14
26
October     29
Brought forward..,,,,,.
Chase River Road.—Concluded.
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
C Karst, meals	
T W Glaholm moving camp	
Quennell k Robinson, beef....	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do.        do	
J Akenhead, beef ,
J Harvey, provisions	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Labour, axemen	
Do.    labourers „	
Pay sheet, labour	
D McMillan, axeman  	
M Staples,        do	
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pav sheet, labour	
Do. do	
Do.       foreman	
W Parkin, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
Cook, wages „ „
J Ganner, team hire	
Robinson & Clayton, beef and vegetables ..
Do. do.
R Hall, teaming   , ,
J H Pleace, tools, &c	
W Cosgrove, labour	
C Stewart, butter	
J Clandenning, salary as superintendent    ,
J Harvey, provisions	
Nanaimo River Bridge
Pay sheet, labour , ,
P McQuade, wire, rope, &c.
J Holden, ironwork	
$    cts.
878 40
3 00
3 50
51 06
88 95
82 89
60 40
102 51
107 07
142 79
171 84
76 23
34 84
228 48
60 48
467 39
12 71
19 25
104 49
496 90
42 68
13 00
10 00
21 32
7 00
3 25
161 33
5 00
512 33
41 52
4,010 61
3 00
50 57
75 75
Wellington Road.
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pay sheet, labour	
J Ganner, team hire   	
RHall, do	
J Clandenning, salary as superintendent
Nanaimo
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pay sheet, labour.	
J H Pleace, tools, &c	
J Smith, labour   	
Trail.
236 25
17 50
17 50
20 00
15 00
6 75
7 50
Cedar District.
York & Gordon, vegetables	
Carried forward,
$   cts.
3,835 48
129 32
291  25
29 25
5 37 41 Vic
Report of Public Works.
321
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
July
28
August      20
November 14
October 8
25
25
November 14
29
July 25
September 17
November 29
19
26
29
30
October     25
November   2
14
29
30
24
March
6
17
19
23
Brought forward..
Nanaimo-Cowichan Road.
W Wilson, tinware 	
Alberni and Diver Lake Trail.
H McAdie, contract in full.
G Norris, advertising	
Gabriola Island.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
Labour, pay sheet „	
Pay sheet, foreman	
Do. do	
D Hoggan, board	
J Clandenning, salary superintendent-	
Nanaimo-Comox Road.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
C Carpenter, lumber for bridge &c, (hauling).
G Mitchell, repairs to Millstream bridge	
C W Chantrill, meals ,	
North- West Bay Road.
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
H Hoger, labour 	
W Cosgrove, do.	
J Harvey, provisions 	
J Clandenning, salarj- as superintendent   ...
Harewood Road.
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
Pay sheet, labour ,
Do.        do.  .
Wages, cook	
W Parkin, provisions ,
R Drew, team hire.   ,	
J Ganner, moving camp .*	
Robinson & Clayton, meat and vegetables.,
R Hall, team hire ,
J Harvey, provisions 	
J Clandenning, salary as superintendent   	
W Cosgrove, labour ,
Amount.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
J Smith, cutting out fallen trees 	
J Hamilton, do. 	
R Ross, do. 	
0 Stanley, do. 	
J Martin, do.  ,	
W Tierney, old tent,  arrears 1876
Steamer Maude, fare for Surveyor General, Nanaimo and back..
A S Farwell's Vouchers:—
Travelling allowance .„	
Team Hire ,
Carried forward,
$   est.
765
00
5
00
370
00
40
32
43
75
21
50
16
00
124
15
5
00
7
50
37
25
25
92
13
25
40
00
13
44
64
93
28
34
20
22
12
25
5
00
10
44
15
75
37
54
75
00
20
79
41
25
19 37
27
50
25
00
20
00
5
00
6
50
45
00
10
00
199 62
Total.
$   cts.
i.301 28
52 24
770 00
491 57
136 65
116 42
303 70
10,171 86 322
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Roads.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.;
$   cts.
199 62
7 70
15 75
3 00
45 00
24 00
2  00
12 50
4 94
$   cts.
10,171 86
General Repairs.—Concluded.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
,
July            3
20
August       15
September   7
27
November    2
G Francis, buggy hire for Chief Commr. and Surveyor General..
314 51
10,486 37 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
323
Detailed Expenditure, Comox District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Section E.
$   cts.
$    cts.
April
21
28 68
Section 67.
April
August
7
6
299 00
44 00
Section B.
343 00
26
340 00
Section D.
May
23
29
250 00
290 00
Landing to Wharf.
540 00
July
fi
35 00
Section F.
Septembei
fln
175 00
Section C.
October
29
125 00
General Repairs.
April
21
23
5
5
4
1 00
15 00
125 62
57 75
78 07
May
June
G. F. Drabble, com. on superintendence... (Arrears 1876, $50 62)
Denman Island,
277 44
November
26
150 00
2,014 12 324
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detai ed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
March
26
April
25
11
7
June
12
July
25
October     25
29
May
31
July
6
ii
August
20
15
ii
28
September 17
25
October     25
29
November   5
28
31
Ladner's to Semiahmoo.
W. Thomson, instalment on contract	
Do. final payment on contract	
J. K. Sutherby, purchase of ditch	
W. Thomson, contract for extension of floodgates.,
Semiahmoo Road,
C. Pike, clearing road.
Ladner's to Langley.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
J Sullivan, labour	
C McMillan,    do	
Jacob Anderson, labour..	
J P Sullivan, repairing bridge ,
J McKee, hire of work oxen...,
General Repairs, New Westminster-Hope Road.
J Murray, clearing timber	
T Greenham, repairs	
J Slaven, labour 	
J Burr, foreman   	
W Clark, clearing timber	
E B Marvin, tents for road party ..
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
T Greenham, repairs	
Do. do	
Do. labour	
J Carson, do	
A Innes, hay ,  	
S Murray, chopping 	
J Murray, labour	
Municipality, making drain...,
G Banford, foreman	
James Taylor, blacksmithing
W Clark,labour	
G Banford, labour	
Steamer " Royal City," fares,
B Gibson, labour. ........
J Bell, do	
J McCutcheon, team hire 	
M O'Brien,  labour 	
J Murray,        do	
W Murray,      do	
Alex Murray, do ,.
T Greenham, do	
Pay sheets,     do	
J McCutcheon, team hire	
J Kennedy, labour	
Pay sheets,    do	
J Miller, team hire	
R Nowell, gravelling	
Steamer "Reliance," fare	
etc.
Pitt River Road.
G Newton, repairs
C McMillan,   do.
S B Stott,      do.
Carried forward,.
$   cts.
750 00
4,164 00
170 00
225 00
$   cts.
5,309 00
15 00
6 25
68 75
55 00
51 87
45 00
	
.226 87
11 25
131 25
56 87
33 00
27 50
57 50
50 00
52 50
55 62
27 50
3 00
41 25
41 25
100 00
34 50
1 50
50 00
54 00
7 00
36 25
36 25
17 00
53 75
52 50
17 50
17 50
42 50
245 00
7 50
41 25
181 25
30 00
448 20
6 50
	
2,068 44
11 25
13 50
11 25
	
36 00
7,655 31 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
325
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July 6
31
August 28
September 25
October     29
May 31
July 6
25
September 17
October
25
29
November   5
26
July
25
August 28
September 27
October       8
May
July 31
September 4
Brought forward,,
North-East Road,
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
R Hume, labour 	
Do. do .„...
Do. do	
JT Scott, cutting trail	
Do. do.	
Do. do	
N Cameron,     do. and repairs	
Burrard Inlet Road.
P Forrest, clearing timber , ,
R Howell, repairs    ,
G Newton, clearing timber    ., ,
C McMillan, do. and repairing bridge
M Nelson, repairs to bridge	
A Law, clearing timber	
A Murchison, labour   ,	
G Brown, do.	
C Richards,       do. ,
R Hoy, do	
W Holmes, foreman (proportion)	
G Wilkinson, labour  	
A Murchison,    do.      „ ,,.,
F Page, fare	
G Bonson,       labour   	
R Hoy, do	
M Reynolds,      do	
G Brown, do	
A Murchison,    do	
W Holmes, foreman ,.,
J Clemens, labour    ,.,
M Reynolds,  do ,	
W Holmes, foreman	
Long Bridge,
F Woodcock, stage hire ,	
W Edwards, clearing line for bridge   ,
E Forrest, surveying, &c	
T W Bennett, instalment on contract	
Do. do.
Do. final payment   , ,	
io Granville.
J Nicholson's Vouchers:—
Steamer Enterprise, fares.
W R Lewis, stage fares....
J Wilcox, ferry passage ...
JMannion, meals	
W R Lewis, meals	
W Kearny, meals	
C Harris, measuring ,
Charley, Indian, labour	
J Nicholson's Vouchers:—
S Jones, bread, &c, ,
J Nicholson, salary	
23
Carried forward..
$ cts.
83 18
61 81
55 00
50 00
15 00
25 00
25 00
5 00
57 50
12 50
87 00
2 50
3 12
42 50
50 00
41 25
47 50
36 00
48 12
57 50
1 25
65 00
67 50
32 50
55 00
55 00
75 00
112 50
111 25
81 00
16 00
6 25
3 75
525 00
502 50
572 50
1
50
00
50
50
50
75
00
15 00
2 00
17 50
46 25
$ cts.
7,655 31
314 99
1,146 49
1,626 00
10,742 79 326
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September 25
October       8
25
November
July
August      28
October        8
25
November 26
July 25
September 17
July
1G
28
July
25
Brought forward,,.....
Hastings to Granville.—Concluded.
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—-
0 Richards, labour	
W Holmes, foreman, (proportion)	
G Wilkinson, labour	
M Reynolds, labour	
J Clemens, labour"	
H Elliott, team hire	
W Blackie, blacksmithing	
North Arm Trail,
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
P Plant, clearing timber ,	
C Daggett,        do. 	
W Johnston,     do.  ....,
C Terns, do. 	
S Daggett,        do.  ,	
R Hume, labour	
Indian Jim conoe hire	
R Hume, labour	
Do.        do	
Do.       do , ,
False Creek Trail.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
C B McMillan, clearing timber-	
GB Vermouth .. 	
Pitt Meadoios to Pemberton.
G Purcell, provisions	
Indian "Frenchy," canoeing   	
F E Wade, meals	
Indian "Jim," packer   	
G Turner, surveying line of road ,..
R Dickinson, beef. ,	
C G Major, provisions	
Indian "Peter," canoe hire 	
Indian "Mary," provisions   ,	
Coast Meridian Road.
J B Burr, labour ,	
J Gray,        do	
W Ross,       do	
W Clark,     do	
G Brown,    do	
J Lockwood, clearing timber	
C G Major, ironware	
T M Williams, cook	
J Burr, foreman  ,,, ,..,
Do. do , ,	
1 Johnston, labour	
J Johnston,    do.	
J B Burr,       do ..,.,	
J Burr, foreman	
C G Major, provisions	
Do. do	
Carried forward ,
i cts.
46 25
85 00
105 00
45 00
65 00
82 50
97 25
7 68
3
12
3
12
3
75
3
75
3
12
6
25
2
50
66
25
58
75
60
00
5 00
5 38
8 00
11 00
3 00
31 50
150 00
2 30
39 15'
2 00
5 12
50 82
52 29
3 46
. 52 78
28 75
5 00
17 38
100 38
60 00
16 15
36 90
30 76
32 29
73 85
123 91
43 70
728 42
$ cts.
10,742 79
533 68
210 61
10 38
252 07
11,749 53 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
327
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July 25
31
August      28
September 17
25
October       8
,,        25
29
November   5
May 31
July 6
25
31
August      15
28
September 17
Brought forward	
Coast Meridian Road.—Concluded.
Dickinson's Vouchers:—
J Slaven, labour	
T Shannon, meat	
S McKee, labour	
R McKee,     do	
J S Harris, do	
L Ross,        do ,	
J Campbell, team hire	
J Johnston, labour	
T McWilliams, labour	
A Innes, hay	
T Shannon, beef	
A Innes, vegetables	
J B Burr, labour	
R McKee,    do	
S McKee,     do	
G Boothroyd, beef.	
J Harris,  labour	
J Johnston, labour	
T McWilliams, cook	
J Burr, foreman....	
J B Burr, labour	
R McKee,    do	
S McKee,     do ,
A McPhall, labour  ,	
T Shannon, beef. ,
J Johnston, labour	
L Ross, do	
J Wise, provisions	
Road, Townships 7 and 8.
Indians Jim and Joe, packing	
J McKenzie, chopper	
Do. foreman , ,
M O'Brien, labour	
A Law,        do	
J Gray,        do	
JD MoEaohran, labour	
C G Major, provisions	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Thos. Shannon, meat	
G Wilkinson, cook 	
M P Barnes, potatoes 	
Do. labour,,	
J Fisher, do	
T Shannon,     do. , ,
A Innes, hay ,	
A Jackson, labour 	
A Law, do	
M Barnes,      do	
J McKenzie, cattle hire 	
Do.        foreman 	
M O'Brien, labour    ,	
E Anderson, do	
J McEachran,do. ,	
J Gray, do	
JLockwood, do	
Carried forward, ,,..,
$   cts.
728 42
53
65
45
60
45
00
41
54
26
14
8
65
20
00
76
13
30
28
7
00
52
55
30
60
54 60
45
00
39
81
14
73
63
04
59
61
91
73
87
69
60
00
15
13
32
44
43
27
42
30
29
22
118
55
21
31
10
00
10
00
60
00
36
34
37
20
35
47
45
00
15
25
54
63
97
92
45
60
93
46
2
87
72
65
68
43
134
32
17
55
100
43
70
09
20
77
21
00
120
00
79
61
112
53
34
17
76
15
121
59
1,593 03
$    cts.
11,749 53
1,983 99
13,733 52 328
Report of Public Works.
1.877
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads—Continued,
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September 17
25
October      8
25
29
November   5
28
May
August
October
28
8
25
29
November   5
July
Brought forward	
Road Townships 7 and 8.—Concluded.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
E Conner,    labour ,
S R Conner, do	
E Conner,      do	
F Murchison, do	
J Shannon,    do	
C McDonough, provisions  ,
W Shannon, labour ,
T Shannon, beef.	
A Innes, vegetables	
J Shannon, labour	
W Shannon,   do	
G Boothroyd, beef	
J McKenzie, foreman	
M Barnes, labour	
J McEachran, labour	
J Lockwood,     do	
E Anderson,      do ,	
C Isaacson,        do	
J Gray, do	
F Murchinson,  do	
J Fisher, do ,
S R Conner,      do	
E Conner, do	
J Mighton, cook	
Do. do	
A Law, labour ,,.
W McClannan, labour	
T Shannon, beef. .,
J Burr, foreman ,	
Pay sheets, labour ,
J Wise, provisions	
Pay sheets, labour	
T Shannon, meat, vegetables, hire of work oxen.
A Innes, potatoes	
Completion of Scott's Contract—Townships 2 and 4.
Nicholson's vouchers :—
J Powers, passage, ferry boat ,	
J G Forrest, measuring	
Steamer "Enterprise," fares (proportion).,
M Kearny, meals ,	
W R Lewis, meals and bed	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
E Peckard, team hire  ,
J Sullivan, labour on unfinished contract.,
C McMillan, labour ,	
T P Sullivan,  do	
Jacob Anderson, labour	
T W Peckard, hauling	
W Blackie, blacksmithing ,
Coquitlam Bridge.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
F Woodcock, stage hire.,
Indian Jim. canoe hire...
Carried forward, ,     17,997 45
$ cts.
1,593 03
58 40
98 23
39 37
100 72
57 98
166 15
97 34
52 60
30 66
33 74
29 42
26 62
60 00
40 24
28 12
40 24
30 76
27 15
39 80
32 29
92 16
31 15
37 20
135 00
37 11
24 59
9 51
67 50
60 00
109 02
21 31
361 58
237 44
4 50
1
00
4
00
4
50
75
2
50
2
00
77
50
96
25
70
00
70
00
5
50
9
00
8 00
2 00
$ cts.
13,733 52
3,910 93
343 00
10 00 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
329
Detailed Expenditure,  New Westminster District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward...
Pitt River and Coquitlam,
August      28
July 31
September 17
November 26
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
J Scott, labour, opening trail.
N Cameron,        do.
Township 13.
S Walker, labour	
T Robertson, labour.
J Andrews,        do.   .
Road No. 1, Township No 2.
May
July
October
November
Indian Billy, labour, packing..
Do.   Jim, do.
WT Wells, cook	
G Newton, axeman	
C McMillan,    do	
J Johnston, moving camp 	
J C Todd, ferriage	
R Dickinson, meat	
C G Major, provisions	
Lynn Creek Bridge.
July
July
Indian Bill, horse hire for trail party.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do	
Moody & Co., lumber and nails...
Do. provisions	
Do. lumber.,	
G Black, bread and meat 	
Trunk Road, to i9th Parallel.
W Shiver, labour.,
T Robertson, do. .,
General Repairs.
W A Franklin, carriage of stationery, etc .
E Dickinson's vouchers : —
J Hennessy, teaming	
Indian Jim, canoe hire ,	
G Bcothroyd, repairs  ,
M O'Brien, clearing timber^	
L F Bonson, allowance	
Steamer "Enterprise," fares 	
L F Bonson, salary	
S B Scott, clearing timber	
W A Franklin, conveyance of surveyors .,,
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
T Shannon,beef 	
J Barnes, teamster 	
Shivas & Robertson, meals 	
L F Bonson, salary	
J Hennessy, ferriage   	
H Elliott, hauling    ,	
A McPhall, clearing timber 	
Carried forward,.
$   cts.
25
00
25
00
35
00
48
75
68
12
6
00
6
00
9
33
9
33
9
33
4
00
2
00
3
85
38
60
10 75
149
77
18
50
4
64
33
50
58
86
25
00
52
50
19
37
75
3 50
2  50
12  50
37  50
48 00
15 00
400 00
45 00
75
32 00
45 00
1 50
120 00
15 50
15 00
52 50
847 00
$   cts.
17,997 45
50 00
151 87
88 44
301 02
71 87
18,660 65 3 30
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Roads—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July 20
25
31
August      28
September 17
25
October       8
25
November    5
14
28
Brought forward ,
General Repairs.—Concluded.
E B Marvin, tents, etc., for road party ,	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
T Shannon, beef  ,	
" Alexis," Indian, meals and horse feed	
R Nowell, meals, etc ,	
T York, meals, horse feed, etc	
Steamer " Reliance," passages	
T E Wade, meals, etc	
L F Bonson, salary ,
R Bonson, hauling  ,
C G Major? tools 	
W J Armstrong, lumber ,	
A Innes, board and horse feed	
B Wilson, meals 	
0 Jones, meals and beds 	
L F Bonson, salary	
J Hennessy, ferriage  	
Steamer "Glenora," fare 	
Do.      "Royal City," fare and meals 	
C F Beaven, dump cart 	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
LF Bonson, salary .,	
S Barues, teamster  , , ,
F E Wade, clearing trail, Sumass to Wade's Landing,,
Indian " Jim," canoe hire ,	
J Hennessy, ferry	
T York, meals, etc. ,  , ,
R Campbell, do ,	
L F Bonson, salary ,	
T York, meals 	
S Greer, repairs ,
J McCutcheon, team hire    , ,	
T Greenham, repairs  	
J H Cotton, staking road  	
Steamer "Royal City," fare	
J Stewart, repairs to bridge 	
Indian "Jim," canoe hire	
J W Howison, provisions   	
J Hennessy, ferriage    ,
J Campbell, hay, etc	
S Barnes, teamster 	
M McTeigh, repairs to harness	
W Blackie, blacksmitking ,	
G Black, hay and oats .-	
S FHolt, repairs to cart wheel ,
L F Bonson, salary	
Steamer "Reliance," freight	
J McCutcheon, bed and meals 	
R Campbell, potatoes	
¥ cts.
847 00
57 50
20 80
2 00
1 00
2 50
9 50
2 50
120 00
00
00
31
00
00
00
5
9
5
4
1
9
120 00
13 00
3 00
5 00
91 00
120 00
45 00
50 00
2 50
8 25
6 50
1 50
120 00
2 00
16 25
11 00
47
7
3
5
5
21
50
50
00
00
50
87
11 00
30 90
90 00
2 50
25 28
16 32
39 00
120 00
1 25
3 50
12 66
Total New Westminster District ,
$   cts,
18,660 65
2,153 89
20,814 54 41 Yic
Report of Public Works.
331
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Tale to Cariboo.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
6
23
16
25
9
20
r 19
24
25
29
23
7
11
21
8
30
Section Three.
$    cts.
23 10
43 05
30 30
50 00
11  00
13 28
11 50
53 57
6 00
192 80
8 00
43 50
357  79
10 00
4 50
26 25
61  87
67 30
31 14
98 44
182 30
198 47
31 31
23 33
136 46
144 23
124 04
244 97
12 50
171  92
5 00
24 50
52 38
106 15
138 45
48 00
7 50
10  00
224 00
212  51
261  92
85 38
454 50
235  19
73 84
143 83
61 25
173 05
$    cts.
May ■
R Carson's Vouchers:—
Do.                        do	
July
-
Isaac Saul, horse feed	
August
M O'Connor's Vouchers:—
D Pratt, cutting out timber	
J McCulIy, blacksmitking	
Septernbe
Pay sheets, labour	
T Powers, ditching	
J Wright, milk, butter and beef.	
D Murphv,        do.           do	
R Livingston, labour	
October
W Manson, meat and butter  ,	
T Crawford, labour...	
J Kelly,           do	
Barnard & Co., stage fare ,	
"
P C Dunlevy, labour ,	
C M Beak, beef. „,	
November
J Pickley, labour  ,	
T Wathew,   do	
Douglas & Co.. harness	
R Starratt, potatoes ,.	
F J Barnard & Co., freight ,	
Ah Chung, labour	
W Mitchell,     do	
A Robisou,     do  ,	
0 Grimm,       do.   ,	
W Boyd, foreman	
J Heaney, labour               	
C Smith,    do.
D Pratt, provisions...        . .,	
J Griffin, drilling and grain '.i,„
Section Five.
4,730 37
April
10 00
41 65
13 85
82 56
63 36
16 25
84 00
May
W A Johnston's Vouchers:—
S Smith, tools and provisions , ,„	
G Monro, round timber	
M Pinkerton, tools                 	
311 67
4,730 37 332
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Yale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date,
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
%    cts.
311 67
68 80
3 50
24 50
100 00
13  75
50 00
129 50
30 00
7 25
67  00
27 50
120 00
459  20
90 08
70 00
20 00
18 00
32 00
50 00
3  00
15 26
6 00
257 02
52 90
11 23
158 64
73 55
121 92
90 43
135 41
45 25
755  13
305 00
174 27
127 50
41  90
25 30
120 00
174 27
36 80
25 30
15 00
64 40
208  10
22 37
20 40
1  50
274 96
51 61
24 00
119 20
$    cts.
4,730 37
May            30
Section Five.—Concluded.
W A Johnston's Vouchers:—
August        8
J Bowron's Vouchers:—
August       20
•
September 24
Meacham and Nason, lumber	
■ 29
Fletcher & Co., provisions , ,	
W A Johnston, salary	
W McCormack, axeman 	
M Cook, labour           	
A Barlow, freight , 	
J H Kerr, axeman                 	
D Robe, sleigh runners	
Mason & Daly, oats                           	
M Pinkerton, timber	
VanVolkenbera:, beef.                                    	
A Johnston, repairing trace	
C P O'Neil, blacksmithing             	
Douglas & Co., harness ....                                        	
Rogers & Wilson, provisions         	
Section Four.
5 250 37
April          21
11  75
7 00
May            30
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
18 75
9,980 74 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
333
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Yale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
30
8
20
t24
24
23
24
8
16
28
15
$   cts.
18 75
25 00
10 75
90 00
300 00
411 40
1 50
20 50
90 60
142 24
13 00
18 97
69 50
150 00
7 00
87 05
84 96
409 95
8 14
46 00
96 70
150 00
13 38
10 00
2 50
3 75
5 00
65 00
2 50
127 55
171 57
5 50
36 80
6 00
130 00
191  20
208 93
5 00
$   cts .
9,980 T
May
Section Four.—Concluded.
W A Johnston's Vouchers:—
«
August
JBowron's Vouchers:—
,
Scptembe
A Barlow, horse hire and milk	
October
D Stuart,                   do.	
D Robertson, blacksmithing	
H Moffatt, labour	
W T Milross, painting sign	
November
J Shepherd, labour               	
Black's Section.
W Teague's Vouchers:—■
3,236 69
April
447 86
600 00
1,219 66
23  75
1,135 90
140 00
1,170 26
196 49
1,106 69
26 90
40  50
172  54
58 22
531  87
416 08
5 38
May
A Grant, sawing lumber	
June
July
Do.           do	
Do.           do	
Do.           do	
Do.           do	
Do.           do	
August
A C Campbell, bellows, stock and dies 	
F J Barnard & Co., provender	
Walker & Bowes, planking ,   .                	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do.           do	
Carried forward ,
7,232 10
13,217 43 334
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Yale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August       15
August      28
October       8
29
April
May
June
July
Brought forward...,
Black's Section.—Concluded.
W Teague's Vouchers:
P Fink, hay	
A Campbell, tent	
Steamer " Reliance," freight on plank..,
Do.     "Royal City,"            do.
J Stott, repairs weighing machine	
Do       blacksmithing	
0 E Rombrot, hay	
P Fink, nails, lumber, hay, &c	
H B Dart, provisions	
U Nelson & Co., grindstone ,
A Campbell, cant-hook	
Douglas & Co., saddlery	
Indian " Juskaska," packer	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do	
Hing Chung, cross-cut saw file	
J Stott, horse-shoeing ,	
F J Barnard & Go., provender  ,„,,
Indian labour, do,        	
W Mclntyre, labour	
C E Rombrot, do	
Kt Kee, nails	
WL Alexander, hay	
Douglas & Co., harness	
J Stott & Co., blacksmithing	
P Fink, hay	
H B Dart, team hire	
Pay sheet, labour	
Stevenson's Section.
W Teague's Vouchers:—
E E Bligh, blacksmithing  ...
J D Loring, freight on wheelbarrows	
Indian "Jim,'' labour	
Telegraph office, messages	
A Stevenson, horse hire  	
J Mcintosh, rope ,	
M Curnow, provender	
J Gonzales, blacksmithing ,
P Morens, hay	
Oppenheimer & Co., wheelbarrows	
Pay sheets, labour	
A L Buie, tools	
J McKay, provender	
S M Nelson, horse feed	
J McKay, do	
II Blackford, horse-shoeing	
S M Nelson, board, rope	
A Pleace, telegrams..	
J T Jones, horse feed	
W Randall, stabling	
Barnard & Co,, horse hire	
A LeLievre, painting trucks ,
J Dowling, hay	
J Mundorf, hay	
Douglas & Deighton, harness, &c	
Lewis A Stevenson, blacksmithing...,,...,
Carried forward,
$ cts.
7,292 10
105 00
13 75
17 50
59 25.
28 40
20 23
38 71
3 45
4 00
20 00
4 50
628 00
708 96
75
5
146
3
2
2
1
6
4
14 00
17 41
10 00
,499 93
00
00
75
69
04
25
66
75
50 75
7 77
15 00
2 50
40 00
44 28
124
2
06
00
13 00
39 75
,295 50
54 25
57 30
40 43
60 50
21 50
27 62
2 00
3 00
1 50
5 00
4 00
7 50
50
5 00
10 00
I cts.
13,217 43
10,668 8
23.886 26 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
335
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Yale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.!
July
July
25
28
August      28
Brought forward	
Stevenson's Section.—Continued.
W Teague's Vouchers:—
E E Bligh, blacksmithing	
Wilson & Wood, hauling logs..
J Murray, postage stamps	
J Stott, horse-shoeing	
A Minaberriet, barley	
G Coxon, hay ,
Indian " Napoleon," labour ....
H Blackford, blacksmithing	
J Vesey, freight on barrows ,
H B Dart, horse feed ,
E E Bligh, blacksmithing	
Pay sheets, labour	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do.
do.
Do.
do.
Do.
do.
Do.
do.
Do.
do.
Do.
Jo.
A L Buie, sundry tools, horse medicine....
G Boothroyd, hay	
S M Nelson, horse feed	
J McKay & Co.,    do	
JDeronche, hauling logs	
W Tinline, carrots, barley, horse feed, &c.
J McCully, blacksmithing	
W Tinline, assistance on accounts.	
Mrs. Marshall, horse feed	
Noel Goyette, oats	
P Moven,  culvert....,	
A Stevenson, horse hire	
J Campbell, tools	
Indian "Bob," labour   	
McKay & Co., horse feed	
J T Jones, do	
Kimball & Gladwin, hauling	
Pay sheet, labour  . .,
Do. do "   ...
Do. do	
Do. do	
S McDonald, barley	
T Seward,        do	
A Stevenson, horse hire ,,,,
J Mclntyre, tools, barley	
W Tinline, hay.,,,	
H Blackford, blacksmithing	
McKay & Co., horse feed,	
J Flores, hay	
L Allard, hay ,	
W H Wright, telegrams	
Indian "Jim," cutting logs „,
J Parma, hay 	
Carried forward  I    9,900 51
$   cts.
1,934 71
20 75
10 00
2 50
2 00
10 05
13 37
12 00
76 00
3 00
9 00
36 50
647 75
712 05
395 00
484 67
553 33
99 25
154 75
308 66
12 00
148 50
358 69
457 50
558 00
792 80
12 10
109 87
10 88
29 00
2 00
31 60
12 00
12 0.0
1 50
63 87
10 00
30 00
18 50
10 00
35 00
3 00
6 00
202 00
,010 00
183 60
45 00
15 00
31 50
20 00
73 46
18 13
22 50
30 00
4 20
4 00
3 00
9 00
18 97
$ cts.
23,886 26
23.886 26 336
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Road—Yale to Cariboo.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
November 26
Brought forward,	
Stevenson's Section.—Concluded.
W Teague's Vouchers:—
Telegraph office, messages	
W Tinline, spikes	
N Goyette, freight	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do ,	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
A Grant, freight on cartwheels	
Mrs. Marshall, horse feed	
Yearxa & Co., blacksmithing ,	
J McCully, picks sharpened	
J Murray, tools and telegrams	
J T Jones, horse feed	
E E Bligh, blacltsmithing ,	
S M Nelson, hay and grain	
H B Dart, horse feed	
W A Jamieson, hay	
Barnard & Co., freight.	
H B Dart, horse feed	
General Repairs.
R Carson, salary Boad Superintendent to 31st Dec. Arrears 1876
J A Mahood, laying out and surveying road  Do.
Barnard & Co., carriage of instruments „	
$    cts.
9,900 51
50
21
00
24
75
856
00
1,123
68
251
00
326
00
248
04
121
52
5
00
3
00
11
00
7
00
20
72
45
50
19
50
21
00
3
50
8
10
3
00
7
00
480
00
150
00
2
50
$   cts.
23,866 26
13,027 32
632  50
Total Trunk Road.
37,546 08 41 Vic.
Report of Pcblio Works.
33T
Detailed Expenditure, Yale District Roads,
Date.
April
June
April
July
April
Particulars.
27
August        8
11
25
16
21
24
North Thompson Road.
W C McCormack, salary undercharged Arrears 1876
Do.        do.       Vouchers:—
Pay sheet, labour	
E E Bligh, blacksmithing	
A Coutlee, tools, &c	
W Voght, hay and oats	
S M Nelson, tools	
F Mickle, blacksmithing	
J Wilton, labour ,
J Dubbal, meals, beds and horse feed	
F Mickle, blacksmithing	
J Murray, provisions	
S M Nelson, meals ■	
W Voght,      do	
W McCormack, salary ,
Kamloops and Savona's Ferry.
Steamer." Martin,'  fares and meals J Ussher Arrears 1876
Road through St. Paul's Reservation,
J Jane's-voucher, 0. Tenesse, telegram	
Savona's Ferry.
W Teague's voucher, Kimball & Gladwin, freight on material
Girourd's to Coldstream Valley.
Lawson & Lawrence, contract	
Section Five, Hope-Yale Road.
Amount.
August        8
October
November
W Teague's voucher, W Bristol, labour	
GLandvoigt's voucher, 0 Jones, clearing, &c
W Teague's Vouchers.—
Indians, clearing	
J G Wirth, provisions	
Hudson Bay Company, beans	
Walker & Bowes, hauling	
0 Jones, do	
II Hunter, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
W Bristol, Superintendent, salary ,
April
24
Hope-Kootenay Trail.
GLandvoigt's Vouchers: —
Hudson Bay Company, provisions .
J G Wirth, do.
Do. do.
Hope-Nicola Trail.
A J Mcintosh, repairs to Section three Arrears-1876
G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
Pay sheets, Indians ,	
J G Wirth, provisions „
Do. do	
Hudson Bay Company, provisions	
Carried forward..
$   cts.
20 00
1,175 75
34 00
17 00
45 25
15 87
17 00
63 00
19 75
2 00
21 93
43 75
35 00
450 00
11  50
25 00
5 00
94
2 40
1 50
5 00
26 07
97 69
50-00
27 00
42 01
15 06
76 50
190 01
67 48
13 48
6 38
353 85
Total
$     CtSi
1,960 30
11 W
10 00
31 75
650 00
225 10
84 07
2,972 72 338
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Yale District Roads—Continued.
June
July
August        8
September 20
October     25
November 23
April
May
April
May
June
July
August
Septemb
ii
October
17
30
7
23
16
16
er 19
20
19
Brought forward	
Hope-Nicola Trail.—Concluded.
G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
W Voght, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do	
J G Wirth, provisions	
Do. do	
J Stott, blacksmithing	
Pay sheet, labour	
A Rich, removing boulders	
Hudson Bay Company, bacon, &c	
L Agassiz, oats	
J G Wirth, provisions	
Walker & Bowes, horse-shoeing	
W Teague's Vouchers:—
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do	
Do. do	
W Bristol, Superintendent, salary	
Indian " Charley," labour	
J G Wirth, provisions 	
W Bristol, horse hire	
W Yeats, provisions	
Thompson River Bridge.
W Teague's Vouchers:—
A L Buie, spikes 	
J Chapman, lumber	
H Blackford, ironwork	
D Fisk, team hire	
Proposed Bridge, Savona's Ferry.
J Uren & Co., meals, &c	
Mcintosh & Co., board and stabling	
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
GtLandvoigt's Vouchers:—
J G Wirth, provisions	
Pay sheet, Indians	
B Price, provisions	
Pay sheet, Indians	
Curry & Co., labour	
B Price, provisions	
J McCauley, constructing bridge	
Hays & Allison, provisions,	
Pay sheet, labour	
Walker & Bowes, planking and horse-shoein
Hudson Bay Company, provisions	
Pay Sheet, labour 	
J G Wirth, provisions	
Hudson Bay Company, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
J G Wirth, provisions	
E Dewdney's Vouchers:—
B M Walker, horse-shoeing	
E Dewdney, salary	
Allison & Hays, provisions for G LandvoigtJ	
Carried forward'.	
f   cts.
353 85
14
87
177
76
143
25
22
40
33
12
8
00
22
00
7
00
13
12
19
85
11
60
4
00
16
25
77
11
11
01
150
00
15
00
14
56
27
00
8
59
98
89
188
52
107
50
24
00
11
00
10
00
16
95
77
75
24
64
131
75
30
00
75
00
150
00
23
30
221
50
27
50
45
73
218
33
5
70
15
48
121
88
20
10
5
50
20
00
28
20
1,259
31
$   cts.
2,972 72
1,160 34
418 91
21 00
4,562 97 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
339
Detailed Expenditure, Yale District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October     25
November 23
May 30
September 27
August        8
September 19
June
August      25
April 21
September 20
Brought forward	
Hope-Similkameen Trail.—Concluded.
W Teague's Vouchers:—
Bristol's party, labour ,
W Bristol, salary Superintendent	
Indian "Cosostosh," moving camp	
Hudson Bay Company, provisions	
Chang Wo, bread....	
C Galloway, oats ,
J G Wirth, shovel ,
Barnard & Co., oats	
Walker & Bowes, horse-shoeing and feed	
W Yates, provisions	
JGWirth,      do	
B Price, beef ,	
Pay sheet, labour ,	
Ka.
and Nicola Valley Road, Section 1.
Mcintosh & Co., board and stabling.
A J Mcintosh, contract and extras...
Mission Dam and Bridge.
C A Vernon, travelling allowance, commission
Do.      do.    Vouchers:—
C Brewer, wages, foreman	
h Christian, team hire..,	
S Lambert, labour	
G McCalla,    do	
A F Court,    do	
E Lequime, tools	
C A Vernon, inspectingwork, &c	
C Brewer, travelling, &c	
Savona s Ferry and Okanagan Road,
J, Ussher's vouchers:—
Hudson Bay Co., cedar logs	
A Manento, cedar logs 	
J Peterson, hauling timber	
Pay sheet, labour.,.	
Mara & Wilson, tools  —
B A Nimmo,        do	
N Hare, hay 	
J F Guerin, blacksmithing 	
Mara & Wilson, oats   	
Duck & Pringle, provender, meals, etc	
H Ingram, meals, etc .'.	
Pay sheet, labour	
A Anderson, horse hire 	
A J Mcintosh, grading  	
C A Vernon, proportion of travelling allowance ...
to Okanagan Road, Repairs.
0 Brewer, salary as superintendent Arrears, 1876
0 A Vernon's vouchers :—
0 Brewer, team hire, tools, etc	
S Lambert, labour	
G McCalla,    do	
Carried forward..
$   cts.
1,259 31
144 23
150 00
00
38
12
79
50
56
11 00
7 52
40 02
3 50
12 40
10 00
4,090 00
84 87
231
50
59
00
94
21
94
21
82
11
12
12
38
50
25
00
10
00
22
50
10
00
68
34
4
75
8
75
1
25
2
00
15
24
8
00
2
00
178
31
38
00
60
00
15
50
447 50
145 00
67 25
67 25
$   cts.
4,562 97
1,645 3
4,100 00
721 52
444 64
727 00
12,201 46 340
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Yale District Roads.—Cont nued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
June
August      20
September 19
20
24
July
16
August        8
September 17
August      20
July
31
25
Brought forward.,
Cache Creek <j- Savona's Ferry.
J Ussher's vouchers:—
J Guerin, blacksmithing	
J Uren, meals, etc	
Mcintosh & Co., provender
N Hare, meals, etc	
D Fraser, hay   	
Pay sheet, labour	
A Anderson, horse hire 	
Pay sheet, labour	
Spellmacheen Road.
C A Vernon's vouchers :—
C A Vernon, proportion of travelling allowance
A Schubert, team hire and labour  	
W Grimmer, labour	
J Dunn, labour	
T Greenhow, tools	
R Kennedy, labour	
Cherry Creek Trail.
L Christian, provisions	
C A Vernon, travelling allowance, exploring for line of road..
V Duteau, labour and provisions	
C Lawson, beef	
Indian " Killy Kahea," cook	
Do. " Gohastamayou," guide	
C A Vernon, travelling allowance, inspecting, superintending &c
C Brewer, foreman, salary	
C Lambert, labour and horse hire	
G McCalla, labour	
A Vance, picks	
Repairs Dead Man's Creek and Bate's Flat Road.
J Ussher's Vouchers:—
J F Guerin, blacksmithing.,
Mara & Wilson, shovel	
A Anderson, horse hire	
J Uren, meals and bed	
R Nimmo, shovel	
W J Roper, meals	
Pay sheet, labour	
Duck $ Pringle's to Okanagan,
J Pringle, clearing road of fallen timber, contract.
Grand Prairie to Nicola Lake.
Ussher's Vouchers:
J Pringle, meals	
Mara & Wilson, tools	
A G Kirkpatrick, horse hire ,
Duck & Pringle, meals	
Pay sheet, labour...	
Carried forward,,
$   cts.
10 50
5 50
16 80
5 30
7 78
153 43
34 00
23 84
74 00
196 00
22 50
26 25
18 75
57 50
7 75
100 50
29 50
4 32
18 50
13 00
162 00
275 00
148 75
155 75
6 00
4 50
2 25
10 00
5 50
2 25
4 87
484 72
4 00
8 75
14 00
2 00
221 12
$ cts.
12,201 46
257 15
395 00
921 07
514 09
200 00
249 87
14,738 64 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
341
Detailed Expenditure, Yale District Roads.—Concluded.
Date.
Paeticulaes.
Amount.
Total.
July
August
October     25
Brought forward...
General Repairs.
G Landvoigt, salary as Superintendent, sundry roads, etc ,
Do. do. do. do'.
C A Vernon, postage stamps	
Do.       travelling allowance	
Total Yale Disteict.
$   cts. $   cts.
14,738 64
300 00
610 00
10 00
25 00
945 00
15,683 64
24 342
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Roads.
Date.
Paeticulaes.
Amount,
Total.
April
24
May
1
7
8
10
17
31
June
July
20
25
31
August 8
September 17
19
20
25
Howe Sound Trail.
J Halliday, provisions for Indians, and ferriage Arrears 1876
J A Mahood, laying out route Arrears 1876
F J Barnard & Co., fares, McLellan's party	
E Marvin, tools, do.
Stahlschmidt & Ward, powder,      do.
G Tuttle, board and meals	
E B Marvin, tents, &c ,	
Steamer "Reliance," freight, etc	
Indian Charlie, canoe hire	
A W Smith's vouchers :—
Bell & Newland, provisions, tools, etc 	
J Ondine, provisions, meals	
E Budwig, stage hire, flour, etc	
R Hoey, team hire, provisions	
A J McLellan, expenses, board	
A W Smith, provisions, tools, freight, etc	
Pay sheets, labor	
Burgess & Halliday, wintering horses	
E Grancini, blasting powder, etc	
A W Smith's vouchers :—
J Crozier, board, etc	
A B Ferguson, freighting provisions	
A W Smith, provisions	
R Hoey, provisions and freight	
J Ondine, provisions	
B D Bullard, charcoal, etc	
Pay sheets, labour	
E Budwig, provisions 	
E Marvin, tools for McLellan	
P Arnaud, meals, etc., for Mahood	
A W Smith's Vouchers:—
Wa Lee, bread ,	
T Poole, provisions	
J Halliday,     do	
G Garigan, blacksmithing	
Bell & Newland, iron, butter, etc	
Ah Foo, vegetables	
A W Smith, provisions	
Pay sheets, labour	
Do. do	
J Ondine, provisions	
R Hoey, beef and bacon	
A J McLellan, sundry expenses  	
J McCully, tinware	
A W Smith, provisions	
Indian " John Bull," freight	
B D Bullard, waggon hire , 	
Indians, pack-horses	
Do.      pack-saddles	
R Hoey, bacon, etc	
J Ondine, provisions	
Hastings Mill Co., provisions   	
A W Smith, do	
Mrs. Marshall, meals	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Indian " Doctor George," potatoes	
Indian " J Yeacher," packing	
McGregor & Co., labour	
Indian "Bill," canoe hire	
Indian " Bob Anderson," packer	
Thomas Poole, provisions 	
Carried forward,,
$    cts.
55
00
475
00
366
86
121
00
62
75
8
75
56
50
17
62
.13
50
242
77
73
75
59
75
155
14
69
00
334
18
1,190
70
30
00
119
50
14
00
131
94
153
11
103
70
42
89
13
50
1,393
03
24
75
30
00
6
75
11
63
58
20
64
10
28
00
27
00
10
44
80
65
539
80
264
53
48
28
68
00
49
25
43
00
219
50
18
00
5
00
80
00
7
00
95
00
34
62
212
54
79
60
27
00
4
00
37
50
10
00
2
00
16
50
14
50
7,527 08 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
843
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Roads.—Continued.
Date.
Paeticulars.
Amount.
Total.
September 25
October       8
,i IT
25
29
November   1
2
Brought forward ,
Howe Sound Trail.—Concluded.
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Indian "J Yeacher," hire of horse	
Indian, packing...:	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do	
Barnard & Co., expressage on tools ■	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:
Pay sheet, labour	
J Halliday, provisions, tools, team hire and packing..
Do.       meat •	
A J McLellan, sundry expenses	
Indian "Bill," horse hire for party	
M O'Connor's Vouchers:—
T Crawford, labour and horse feed	
F Eastman, tinware	
J Woods, labour  	
Hastings Mill Co., provisions 	
Pay sheet, labour	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Pay sheets, labour	
Do. do	
Indian " Charles," vegetables	
Indian " Big Harry," canoe hire	
Indian " George," messenger	
J Harvie, vegetables and freighting	
Indian " Louis," messenger	
J Finerty, blankets	
Mrs. Lynn, vegetables	
W R Lewis, freight	
E Black, meat	
L Gold, provisions	
A J McLellan, salary, Superintendent	
Road, Kelly's to Big Bar Creek.
August       20
September 25
J Haller, balance contract	
M O'Connor's Vouchers:—
J Haller, guide	
Steamer " Victoria," fare-
Barnard & Co., stage fare.
W A Johnston, horseUiire.
September 19
April
July
15
August     ,20
Chadwick's Road.
J Patterson, clearing out road..
Dog Creek Road.
R Carson's Vouchers: -
R McLean, labour Arrears 1876
J Dunn,        do Arrears 1876
M O'Connor's Vouchers:—
M L Meason, labour	
Ah Sam, do	
Ah Fan, do ,
H 0 Bowe, repairs culvert ,
J Gallagher, labour	
J Gallagher, tools ......
Do.     building bridge	
Carried forward,,
$   cts.
7,527 08
18
00
70
75
975
68
346
10
13
40
1,013
48
122
33
150
57
15
00
222
53
87
50
14
00
24
50
137
50
30
67
760
62
55
60
9
00
51
00
5
00
17
62
5
00
10
00
6
25
12
00
127
58
135
57
975
00
2,525 00
6 00
10 00
50 00
10 00
83 95
68 40
5 00
8 00
8 00
10 00
5 00
15 00
50 00
$    Cts.
12,939 33
2,601 00
50 00
253 35 344
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Roads.—Concluded.
Date,
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
May
July
25
May 23
August 20
October 29
November 23
June 4
July 16
April 24
Brought forward	
Cayoosh Creek Bridge.
A W Smith's Vouchers:—
Indians, labour	
J W Woods, labour,	
R Hoey, team hire	
Murie & Maxfield, contract in full	
Section 1—Lillooet lo Clinton.
J C McCombs, instalment on contract	
Do. do. do. 	
B D Bullard clearing road  	
J R Tait, labour  	
Bridge River  Bridge and Road.
Murie & Maxfield, contract 	
D Pratt, board, etc	
General Repairs.
J A Mahood, laying out roads, bridges, surveying, Arrears 1876
Total Lillooet District	
$   cts. $   cts.
15,843 68
28 50
46 00
24 00
1,885  00
200 00
987 50
8  00
24 37
1.390 00
82 33
1,983  50
1,219 87
1,472 33
200  00
20,719 38 41 Vic
Report of Public Works.
345
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Roads.
Date.
April
April
ii
21
24
fc
25
May
June
12
16
ii
July
16
25
October
25
November
23
August 8
September 24
October     29
Paeticulaes.
Amount.
Quesnelle Bridge.
Barnard & Co., passage and freight	
W Rockett, wages, carpenter Arrears 1876, $215 00
W A Johnston's vouchers :—
Tai Lee, cook  do.
D Stuart, labour  do.
Kwong Lee & Co., vegetables  do.
Do. provisions  do.
J H Green, labour	
J Henderson, labour  Arrears 1876, $144 00
J Reid, provisions, nails, spikes, lumber	
90 00
120 00
66 71
35 85
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
do. powder, iron
provisions, iron Arrears 1876
blocks 	
provisions, paints, oil, nails Arrears 1876
do. do  do.
rope and tools, blocks  Arrears 1876, $130 05
Bohanon's estate, meat Arrears 1876
Do. do Arrears 1876, $ 31 99
F Robertson, labour  do. 124 00
D McDonald,     do  do. 100 05
W Spencer,       do  do. 117 70
J Stone, telegrams  do. 13 00
Ah Hone, charcoal,
W Sheridan, labour Arrears 1876, $120 00
Brown & Gillis, meals and bed  do. 12 50
A Carson, blacksmithing  do. 77 85
J Bowron's vouchers :—
J McLean, labour Arrears, 1876
A Barlow, milk Arrears 1876, $43 88
W A Johnston, salary	
C H Heath, hire of blacksmith's tools, iron, etc
Downes & Co., hay and oats	
D Robertson, tools and blacksmithing Arrears 1876
C McKay, carpenter work  Arrears 1876, $131 87
D F Adams, salary as superintendent  do. 400 00
W A Johnston's vouchers :—
W Blair, labour  do. 116 90
W Thorp,    do  do. 120 00
Meacham & Nason, lumber Arrears 1876
D F Adams, balance of contract   ..,
J C Barnes, freight on pile-driver ..
Meacham & Nason,  lumber 	
A Carson, loan of screw-jack 	
J Hamilton, labour	
WT Milross, whitewashing, labour
Canyon Creek Trail.
A Barlow, grindstone	
R Quick, labour...,	
C Peterson, labour,	
W J Quick, moving camp ,
W Perry, axeman	
C Hine, labour	
W J Quick, labour	
J Moriarty,    do	
W A Johnston, salary	
G Hyde, horse hire	
Estate of S Smith, tools...,
J Austin, hauling tools	
Carried forward,,,,,.
HIMHII ••lilt M»t
Total.
$ cts.
$ cts.
222 30
449 65
193 84
258 40
98 87
50 85
124 79
305 52
303 97
189 75
178 80
15 00
262 60
222 78
134 90
129 96
171 01
262 40
237 45
256 10
13 50
25 50
258 40
34 50
98 90
18 00
85 00
400 00
81 84
200 00
139 45
296 08
899 61
251 65
258 40
1,237 58
6,750 00
67 98
88 02
10 00
50 90
150 00
15,484 25
8 60
245 00
68 25
5 00
143 50
245 00
284 00
238 00
60 00
3 00
64 50
4 00
1,368 85
MM Mill IMIIIIII '
16,853 10 346
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August        8
20
20
September 24
October     29
November 20
April 11
September 24
April 11
August        8
May 30
October     29
August        8
September 24
November 23
J Goodson, bread	
L Gayet, labour	
Steamer "Victoria," passage of superintendent..
Rogers & Wilson, provisions	
Indian "Jack," cooking and horse hire	
Armitage, labour	
W Thorpe, wages, assistant foreman	
J Robertson, labour	
W Wolfe, axeman	
W A Johnston, salary as superintendent 	
C Warren, labour	
W Stephenson, salary....	
F Littler, repairs	
J Reid, provisions	
Do.    tinware	
J Lovett, labour ,	
J K Barber, repairs	
E Tie, provisions ,	
August        8
October      29
August        8
October     29
Brought forward.,
Keithley Creek Trail.
General Repairs.
J. Bell, clearing snow, Upper Quesnelle Bridge.,
Mosquito Creek Trail,
L. Alorgan, clearing timber , , , ,
Barkerville-Stanley Sleigh Road.
M, Pinkerton, instalment on contract.
Do.   .    final do. do.
Omineca Trail.
Thomas Swords, pasture for horse.,
Brown & Gillis, horse feed	
Cunningham Creek Trail.
L. Gayet, labour ,	
J. Lovett, axeman ,
J. Armitage, axeman	
W. Thorpe, assistant foreman, wages
Van Volkenberg, meat	
Rogers & Wilson, provisions	
C. Warren, labour ,	
Indian Jack, cook ,	
Burns Creek Tn
S. Pierce, labour	
Van Volkenberg, labour.
Nelson Creek Trail.
R Greig, labour	
A Christie, labour,.
$    cts.
2
00
20
00
20
00
27
94
111
56
106
00
177
75
152
30
134
55
105
00
134
75
26
75
3
00
20
05
13
25
106
00
60
00
123
25
140 00
150 00
Carriedforward ,
25 00
4 50
20 00
31 05
40 25
53 80
40 97
104 20
41 40
29 60
20 00
10 00
40 00
40 00
$    Cts.
16,853 10
1,344 15
6 00
4 00
290 00
29 50
361 27
30 00
80 00
18,998 02 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
347
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Roads—Concluded.
Date .
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
$    cts.
$   cts.
18,998 02
Harvey Creek Trail.
28 00
Grouse Creek Trail.
11 50
Peters Creek Trail.
9 20
Loiohee Creek Trail,
11 50
18 40
21  12
57 25
27 60
27 72
October     29
163 59
19,210 31 348
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Kootenay District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Booth's Section.
August      27
C Booth's vouchers :—
J E Babier, labour on trails
December  21
December 21
December  21
December 21
H S Booth, do.
J Murphy, do.
W J Saunders,     do.
P McQuade, do.
G Dacres, tools 	
C Booth, travelling allowance
Walla Walla and Local Trails.
J W Galbraith, hauling timber.,
J Rose, labour and horse hire .,
W Saunders, do.
J Rose, do.
J E Babier, superintendent	
G Booth, labour  	
W Goodridge, labour,	
Wild Horse Creek and Fort McLeod Trail.
G Dacres, tools	
Indian "Lucien,'' messenger 	
Indian "Milktana," labour  	
Pay sheets, labour and horse hire .
Quartz Creek Trail.
A Wye, tools	
J F Galbraith, tools 	
" Mohega," Indian labour and horse hire,
P Boyle, labour   	
JE Babier, labour 	
Fencing Burial Ground.
J Davis, fencing  	
J Morrisey, do	
G Dacres, nails and tools 	
G Booth, posts	
Indian "Milktana," hauling posts	
B Helm, lumber   	
J Davis, hinges, nails, staples, hasps ,
Total Kootenay District.,
$ cts.
142 50
114 75
135 00
47 50
58 50
18 50
28 00
2 50
47 25
47 25
8 00
12 00
8 00
21 00
6 75
2 00
117 50
855 00
1 50
4 83
68 00
175 50
234 00
3 25
34 00
7 75
8 00
10 00
213 50
10 00
$ cts.
544 75
146 00
981 25
483 83
286 50
2,442 33 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
349
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Roads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
May
11
June
July
August
12
16
25
16
25
18
September
Dease Lake Trail.
Steamer " Otter," passage Superintendent.
P McQnade, wire rope and blocks	
J Heywood, bacon ,
J P Burgess, sleighs	
G Tomkins, tools ,	
Hayward & Jenkinson, box	
J Allen, board ,
A Choquette, canned meat	
J Moore, sleighing	
W Smith, labour	
M Carey, sleighing	
Pay sheet, labour	
F Lynch, canoeing	
H Sheppard, labour	
E Dakin, two horses and feed	
F Reynolds, salt meat and barrels	
Indian "Instroel," packer..	
Wright & Callbreath, provisions	
MMoss, do	
J R Hockin, do	
Do. do	
A W Vowell, travelling allowance	
J Grant, provisions	
Indian "John," packer	
J R Hockin, provisions	
Nelson & Grant provisions	
G Pritchett, packing freight	
W J Stephens, provisions	
W C McCord, labour	
Nelson & Grant, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do.        do     	
R Condell, labour	
A Black,        do	
MMcClure,    do	
Indian "Jim," labour .■	
W Webster, corduroying.., ,
Indian "Tom," packer	
G Buckley, mutton 	
J McGillis provisions ,	
C H Fenton, fish	
Pay sheet, labour 	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions ,
J B Lovell, provisions	
W Turk, packer	
A Pinto,    do	
M Thompson, packer	
J R Hockin, provisions	
Wright & Callbreath, provisions 	
Cain & Carter, ferriage	
WC McCord, labour	
Victor & Miller, beef.	
C Lawrence, labour	
C McLean,       do	
J Moore, do.	
A Peterson,     do ,	
N F Foster, provisions	
H Gerke, do.        	
Nelson & Grant, provisions	
Wright & Callbreath, meals	
Gannon & Co., beef.	
$    cts.
25
50
118
72
11
20
13
50
15
50
2
50
3
75
4
75
27
00
47
50
8
00
102
00
4
00
30
00
265
40
138
00
66
40
96
79
51
50
185
91
48
76
30
00
6
00
15
00
71
38
43
71
15
00
65
14
117
00
41
28
320
00
206
25
81
25
82
50
82
50
54
00
15
00
18
00
11
40
13
00
4
00
731
50
39
20
123
83
15
00
42
75
27
20
65
69
100
87
9
00
42
00
28
95
32
50
32
50
38
25
32
50
83
16
21
00
24
60
15
12
28
75
Carried forward „ .,..,.,,,„,,,.,,. ......, I      4,093 46 350
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Roads—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October
November 26
29
June
July
25
25
August
September
November
Brought forward	
Dease Lake Trail.—Concluded.
M Moss, horse hire	
W R Wilson, horse feed	
Indian " Tommy," packer	
T Robertson, salary ,
J Allen board	
Steamer " Grappler," passage	
Indian " Jim," canoe hire	
D Ackerman, axeman	
W P Wilson, provisions	
J McGillis, do	
ET.Riley, do ,
J F Smith, bacon and meals ...	
S Evans, ferriage ,
B McDermott, chopping out trees.
J R Hockin, provisions...	
Grant & Nelson, moving camp	
J Merrifield, freighting	
J Parker, labour	
P Smiles,    do	
J H Fink, meals	
M Moss, provisions and labour....
J McGillis, corduroying road	
N F Foster, meals and passages ...
Bridge, 2nd North Fc
W P Wilson, shovelling snow.
Indian " Tom," hauling rope..
J Welsh, shovelling snow	
F W Fulph, labour	
D Campbell,    do.  ,,,	
Nelson & Grant, provisions ....
Pay sheet, labour ,
G Sainsbury, labour	
II Doak, do	
L Ward, meals	
Jonathan Walsh, freight..	
W P Wilson, provisions	
$ cts.
4,093 46
20 00
4 00
15 00
200 00
11 25
20 00
5 00
7 00
12 00
12 50
17 25
5 20
3 75
30 00
36 50
22 00
47 60
60 00
60 00
33 25
37 25
25 00
28 00
July
August
September 24
October
November 23
July 25
August      18
September 24
Thibert Creek Trail.
Pay sheet, axemen	
H Thibert, powder, fuse, tools and board..
J Porter, boat fares ,...
W C McCord, labour ,
H Thibert, do	
V Delile. do	
Dease Greek Trail.
Clarihue & Carson, board for Superintendent..
N F Foster, goods, provisions, etc	
Pay sheet, axemen   ,
W C McCord, labour	
E Bovill, do	
J Cain, ferriage	
Pay sheets, labour -..
W C McCord, labour	
J Mitchell,        do	
Carried forward,,
25 00
50 00
25 00
34 00
42 00
41 29
70 00
14 00
14 00
12 00
60 55
30  12
115 00
26  70
8  00
10 00
100 00
13 50
23
00
77
16
217
50
12
00
15
00
8
00
60
00
20
00
20
00
cts,
4,806 01
417 96
273 20
452 66
5,497 17 41 Vic
Report of Polio Works.
351
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Roads.—Concluded.
Date.
Paeticulars.
Amount.
Total.
24
29
25
24
29
18
29
23
29
29
$   cts.
452 66
25 00
3 00
$    cts.
5,497 17
September
October
Dease Creek Trail.—Concluded.
Lake Trail.
480 66
July
30 00
165 00
119 90
21 00
21  00
15 00
18 00
57 00
28 00
11 00
Septembei
October
August
Clearing Dease River.
W C McCord, labour	
371 90
McDame's Creek Trail.
114 00
October
7 00
249 00
500 00
260 00
300 00
November
General Repairs.
256 00
Do.                  do.                      ,	
October
7,779 73 352
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, "Works and Buildings.
Date.
Paeticulars.
Amount.
Total,
Repairs to Government Buildings, Victoria.
$   cts.
$   cts.
House of Assembly.
April
7
24
25
8
6
8
9
6 25
9 07
15 00
88 13
5 25
1  50
55 00
May
July
Public School, Victoria,
180 20
/
April
24
Supreme Court, Victoria..
9 25
May
September
8
6
18 50
2 25
Land Office.
20 75
June
25
6
13
1 00
5 00
1 25
July
Assessor's Office,
7 25
May
8
6 00
Treasury,
June
25
1  00
Provincial Secretary's Office.
July
14
1  00
Registrar General's Office.
June
25
21  50
Gaol, Victoria.
July
9
Printing Office.
19 75
July
August
6
8
2
8
77 75
10 25
10 50
3  50
General Repairs.
102  00
10
23
37 00
3 38
Approach to Public School, Victoria.
40 38
July
August
September
10
28
30
200 00
10 00
750 00
900 00
Carried forward ,„,,,,,. ,,,,,.111 ,<	
fiiiMin tfitrttit
1,369 03 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
353
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Continued,
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
April
May
11
ii
June
July
4
16
20
30
5
17
23
5
10
20
25
August 4
20
24
September   5
October
November
April
7
n
19
21
May
10
n
28
August
3
April
21
October
19
November
2
April
21
May
1
October
29
May
11
10
11
19
June
6
July
6
n
9
ii
10
Novemb
er   2
Brought forward	
Improvement of Government Reserve, James' Bay.
W P Sayward, lumber ,..	
E Marvin, tools for chain-gang Arrears 1876, $3 87
G Stelly, hauling gravel	
G Jay & Co., grass seed, etc	
M Wells, hauling gravel,...	
Do. do	
P T Johnston, 1 pair border shears	
M Wells, hauling gravel, dirt, etc ,
Do. do. do	
Stewart & Braden, hose pipe and stands	
E Marvin, nails	
W P Sayward, lumber ,
A Vipond, repairs to mowers  ,
M Wells, team hire  ,	
M G Staples, purchase money of lot, Birdcage Walk	
T Allsop, valuation of do. 	
M Wells, toam hire	
T Storey, construction of boundary fence	
E Marvin, tools for chain-gang ,	
M Wells, team hire	
Do. do ,
T Storey, fence, gate, etc., Birdcage Walk	
W P Sayward, lumber for drains ,
G Jay & Co., lawn grass seed ,	
Furniture, Government Offices.
House of Assembly.
0 G Keays, tinsmithing	
Thos Wilson, rep for upholstery 	
C E Bunting, repairs and cleaning	
J Sehl, chairs and repairs	
J Weiler, cocoanut matting, etc	
C E Bunting, making carpets, moving furniture...
Treasury.
C E Bunting, repairs to furniture	
J Weiler, laying carpet ,	
C E Bunting, alterations to furniture	
Attorney-General's Office.
c E Bunting, repairs to furniture	
S L Kelly, basket grate	
J Burns & Co., carpet	
J Weiler & Co., making and laying carpet....
Land Office,
Thos Storey, repairs to furniture	
J Sehl, chairs	
J Weiler, chairs ,	
S L Kelly, tinware	
W Jones, filter	
C E Bunting, making furniture	
J Sehl, steps and stool.. ,
C E Redfern, repairs to clock.. , „.
0 E Bunting, fitting drawers, blinds, and maps.
Carried forward,
$   cts7
25 50
24 87
15 00
57 50
36 00
99 00
3 00
45 00
57 00
42 50
7 25
24 72
5 00
54 00
350 00
17 82
12 00
173 00
16 25
51 00
30 00
271 14
30 81
50 00
29 75
44 00
146 25
20 00
22 00
59   10
2 50
2  00
18 00
3 00
4 25
118 12
13 50
20 50
22 50
6 75
2 13
8 00
5 75
7 50
2 25
7 00
$    cts.
1,369 08
1,498 36
321 10
22 50
138 87
82 38
3,432 29 354
Report oe Public Works,
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.—Continued,
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward ...	
Furniture, Government Offices.—Concluded.
Supreme Court.
May 1
8
10
November   2
October
S L Kelly, fender	
T Storey, making furniture „
J Sehl, repairing chairs	
C E Bunting, fitting shelves
Printing Office.
S L Kelly, stove and fittings, and putting up same.,
Registrar-General's Office.
July
August
October
2
19
July
17
Septembei
19
July
31
August
2
August
9
August
15
October
29
November
26
W Jones, water filter	
J Weiler, matting and linoleum ,
C E Bunting, laying carpets ,
GT Seymour, chairs, etc	
Hudson Bay Co., carpet	
Assessor's Office.,
T Storey, making furniture, etc	
Government Buildings, Nanaimo,
W Wilson, stoves, fittings, etc	
Government Offices, New Westminster.
W J Armstrong, lumber	
Government Offices, Cassiar.
E Marvin, iron safe and cartage ,.,
Court House, Clinton,
Bell & Newland, window blinds and furniture	
Government Offices, Yale.
F Davie, making blinds  .,.,	
J Stott, repairs to stove	
E Peck, making platform, benches, etc.,
M Rush, painting do. .,
J Cunningham, stove and pipe	
Steamer "Royal City," freight	
September 24
April
May
Government Office, Cariboo.
J Ribby, stove-piping	
Government House, Victoria.
Furniture.
A & W Wilson, repairs to furniture    Arrears 1873 to 1876
C E Bunting, do.  Arrears 1876, $4 75
J P Burgess, dining table and fittings ., ,
Carried forward,,
$ cts.
4
00
12
75
1
50
2
00
8 00
38 41
17 00
33 25
50 75
10 50
8 00
57 65
10 25
9 50
1 25
64 11
12 25
40 50
$ cts.
3,432 29
116 86
20 25
35 25
147 41
17 68
45 00
5 78
61 00
72 00
97 15
15 50
3,949 31 41 Vic.
Report op Public Works.
355
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July
6
ii
9
ii
28
November
17
April
4
ii
24
ii
27
July
9
August
12
September
14
October
3
12
19
November
5
30
March
8
May
28
1
11
July
17
10
ii
14
25
19
November
2
23
May 1
17
July 22
August 15
September 17
October. 19
November 25
April
n
May
16
30
4
20
November    2
5
30
Brought forward	
Government House, Victoria.—Concluded.
Furniture.—Concluded.
S L Kelly, repairs, tinware .,	
J Weiler, loan of crockery and chairs, new crockery	
C E Bunting, repairs furniture	
Fellows & Roscoe, stable lantern   	
G T Seymour, chair for Private Secretary's office, lamps..
W P Sayward, lumber	
Eli Harrison, glazing 	
A&ff Wilson, repairs to pumps, etc..
Stewart & Braden, labour on soil pipe.	
Kinsman & Styles, altering flues, green house
W P Sayward, lumber 	
J Williams, sweeping chimneys 	
P Murphy, hauling cement	
J Lomax, carriage for Surveyor General 	
Thomas Storey, carpenter work.......	
J Bulleu, repairs to grates	
Arrears 1873 to 1876
Fuel and Light.
W R Clarke, coal, etc	
A & W Wilson, repairs to pipes Arrears, 1873 to 1876
Hudson Bay Co., coal oil Arrears, 1876, $
W R Clarke, coal ,	
E Grancini, lamp glasses and wicks *...	
W Jones, wax candles ,	
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
Do. do. and wood	
Hudson Bay Co., coal oil and candles	
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
W McDowell, drayage, coke ,	
Water.
G R Lawrence, water
do.
do.
do. ,
do.
do.
do.
Mrs
Do.
Do.
Lawrence,
Do.
Do.
Do.
Planting Ground
E Marvin, tools for chain.gang	
G Jay & Co., flower pots .' Arrears, 1876
Smith & Clarke, wheelbarrow	
F Sylvester, pump „	
M Wells, hauling gravel.. , 	
Thomas Storey, repairs to fence, etc ,	
G Jay & Co., flowerpots	
Incidentals.
P McQuade, union jack and halyards	
Carried forward,.
$    cts.
116 86
5 00
78 30
41 00
3 00
26 50
9 38
7 00
264 73
2 00
54 50
41  14
35  00
00
00
87
24 50
76 50
29 12
88 50
102 00
32 00
12 50
91 00
76 50
107 00
110 50
I 50
15 00
28 00
42 50
107 00
63 00
60 00
12 50
35 00
8 50
11 00
10 00
24 00
36 25
28 50
$    cts.
3,949 31
270 66
448 12
727 12
328 00
153 25
27 50
5,903 96 356
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.—Continued.
Date.
Paeticulaes.
Amount.
Total,
September   5
November 15
T L Stahlschmidt, purchase money, the " Winds".
T Allsop, valuation fee	
J Bennett, contract,
Do,     extras....
May
23
July 6
9
August       15
October     29
November    2
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
Hayward & Jenkinson, door and fanlight	
Hendry & Co., lights, table legs, etc	
C Carpenter, lumber	
A Mayer, doors, locks, etc	
L Page, glazing and painting	
Stewart &Braden, repairs to fire engine	
Steamer " Cariboo-Fly," freight on fire engine	
T L Fawcett's Vouchers.—
H Sumerhayes, building chimney to Court House..
C McDonald, carpentering .	
W Wilson, grate and fire bricks	
J Hirst, paint, oil and nails ,	
T W Glaholm, hauling	
August      15
20
28
September 19
,,        24
October      8
25
November 26
August      27
Brought forward	
Additions to Goveenment House Grounds.
$   cts.
Lock-up, Cowichan.
Goveenment Buildings, Nanaimo.
lot 6.
Extension Nanaimo Gaol.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
Pay sheet, carpenters	
Do. do	
W Wilson, nails	
J J Landale, surveying
M Bate, sale of land	
Rease & McKenzie, shingles ,
Pay sheet, carpenters ,
C Carpenter, lumber	
J H Pleace, zinc, etc ,
Pay sheet, carpenters ,
Do. do	
Do. do	
Do. do	
W Wilson, ironwork ,
Pay sheet, carpenters	
C Carpenter, lumber ,
J Ganner, team hire	
Dickson & Pringle, wages	
W Wilson, ironware, locks ,	
J Holden, ironwork	
C Carpenter, lumber	
Hendry & MeNair, sashes ,
Pay sheet, carpenters	
A Sumerhayes, building chimney and stone wall.,
Look-up, Comox.
J Robb, sale of portion Section 56,
3,500 00
25 00
495 00
30 00
9 25
11 60
19 12
20 80
6 00
48 00
4 00
50 00
18 75
14 50
34 65
1 00
36 75
107 00
35 50
7 00
500 00
42 50
73 50
538 51
6 50
77 50
84 00
77 25
84 00
17 75
84 00
69 53
4 50
40 00
140 50
165 25
21 21
18 50
44 00
105 50
Carried forward.,
$ cts.
5,903 96
3,525 00
525 00
237 67
2,380 75
100 00
12,672 38 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
357
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
May
31
July
August       28
September 25
May-
July
July
31
25
March
8
April
7
ii
24
May
10
June
16
July
10
ii
20
August
15
ii
28
October
19
November
14
30
June
November 26
August
September
June
July
16
Brought forward..
Government Buildings, New Westminster.
Government Agent's Office
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
D Withrow, window glass and paints	
W Edwards, repairs fireplace 	
W R Lewis, repairs to safe	
J Morey, removing stores and shingling roof..
W H Rowling, shingles	
G C Webster, lumber	
Gaol.
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
C Digby, fixing boiler  ,
Kinsman & Styles, drayage ...
H Elliott, bricks and hauling,,
Court House.
W Edwards, repairs to building  	
Lunatic Asylum.
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract	
Do. do. do. 	
Do. do. do.  ,	
Do. do. do. 	
Do. do. do.	
Do. do. do. 	
Do. do. do. 	
James Kennedy, salary as Superintendent	
Thomas Ryan, watering bush-fires for protection of buildings..
McNeely & Bruce, instalment on contract for construction of fence
Do. instalment on fence	
McKay & Kennedy, instalment ,	
Government Buildings, Yale.
J Spratt, 80 feet 1-inch pipe 	
Steamer " Reliance," freight on do.
Repairs to Government Buildings, Lyttoist.
Mcintosh &McPhadden, shingles for gaol	
Government Buildings, Clinton.
W Keatley, moving gaol.
E Pickard, repairs	
Clinton Court House.
W Mclnnis, removing gravel ,
N S Black, do. 	
W Keatley, horse hire	
D Pickard, making table and putting up shelves.
G C Keays, force pump and fittings ...,
D Pickard, making pigeon holes ,
W Keatley, setting up pump ,
25
Carried forward,,
cts.
i  75
3 00
66 00
18 75
11 00
1 84
12 50
2 0O
15 00
1,875 00
1,200 00
1,050 00
1,050 00
250 00
4,000 00
3,411 55
600 00
3 00
450 00
750 00
600 00
II 70
1 00
15 00
38 50
8 75
10 50
9 00
15 00
70 99
4 00
18 71
136 95
$ cts.
12,672 38
105 34
29 50
20 00
15,239 55
12 70
44 00
53 50
28,176 97 358
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure,  Works and Buildings.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July
August
9
April
August
Brought forioard	
Clinton Court House.—Concluded.
W Keatley, digging well	
J Murie, balance contract ,
Bell & Newland, freight on pump, etc.,
September 24
November 23
August      23
April 7
November 29
February
March
Repairs to Government Buildings, Caeieoo.
J Bowron's vouchers:—
J Bell, clearing snow  ,..-, .,
J Murray, raising gaol	
J H St. Laurent, raising Government Agency...
E Deslorier, timbers for do 	
J Murray, making cell at gaol 	
E Tie, stove pipe for gaol, Forks  of Quesnelle.
J McLean, hauling clay for daubing 	
Meacham & Nason, lumber	
$    cts.
136 95
156 00
1,285 00
14 65
Repairs to Government Buildings, Kootenay.
Ah Kee, repairs	
Repairs to Government Buildings, Cassiae.
A Egnell, labour Arrears 1876
Peterson & McKellar, constructing lock-up	
CM Baker, do. do	
J Barker, levelling	
28
April
4
May
1
ii
5
ii
17
u
23
ii
19
July
3
ii
20
August
2
11
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
Insurance of Government Buildings.
Imperial Insurance Co., Government House stables	
Do. Metchosin school,	
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co., Saanich school 	
Do. do.       Cowichan school	
Do. do.       Lake do	
Royal Insurance Co., Victoria District    do	
Imperial Insurance Co., Moodyville do	
Do. Burgoyne Bay   do	
Do. Salt Spring Island school	
Do. South Cowichan       do	
Do. Comox
Do. Gabriola Island
Do. Chilliwhack
Do. Yale
Do. Cedar Hill
Do. Sumass
North British and Mercantile Co., Cedar and Wellington schools
Phcenix Fire Insurance Co., Craigflower school	
Imperial •    do. Sooke do	
Phoenix Fire do. Victoria public school house
Do. do. Barkerville school	
Northern Assurance Co., Court House, New Westminster
Royal Insurance Co., South Saanich school	
Imperial do.       Trenant do	
North British and Mercantile Co., Royal Hospital	
Imperial Insurance Co., Clinton school house	
Do. North Cowichan school house...
Do. Salt Spring Island        do.
Do. Maple Ridge do.
Do. Langley Prairie do.
5 00
20 00
69 00
19 20
10 00
6 50
12 50
16 46
O arried forward,,
40
80
837
00
796
85
20
00
43
75
8
75
7
00
7
00
7
00
12
50
10
50
5
25
5
25
3
50
7
00
5
25
7
00
8
75
15
75
7
00
10
00
17
50
11
25
125
00
9
63
45
00
9
00
7
00
60
00
10
50
3
50
3
50
5
25
5
25
$   cts.
28,176 97
1,592 60
483 63
158 66
3 00
1,694 65
31,625 88 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
359
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August      11
September 14
25
28
October      22
November    2
,, 14
20
Brought forward	
Insurance op Government Buildings.— Concluded.
Imperial Insurance Co., Upper Sumass school house     	
Do. Matsqui do. 	
Do. Cheam do.	
Do. Nicola Valley do. 	
Do. Okanagan do. 	
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co., Nanaimo do.
Imperial do. Colwood do. 	
Royal do. Court House, Yale	
Scottish Commercial insurance Co.,  " The Winds "	
Royal Insurance Co., Government House, Victoria	
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co.,                do.                     and furniture
North British & Mercantile Co.,          do.                             do.
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co., Lunatic Asylum and Royal Hospital
Imperial Insurance Co., High School, Victoria	
Do. Langley school house	
Do. Cache Creek school house	
Scottish Commercial Insurance Co., Lunatic Asylum, N. W	
Total Works and Buildings
$    cts.
483 63
5
25
5
25
5
25
8
75
7
00
43
75
i
00
100
00
19
16
70
00
120
00
120
00
150
00
125
00
10
50
75
00
125
00
$    cts.
31,625 88
1,480 54
33,106 42 360
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Graving Dock, Esquimalt.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February
May
June
11
July
23
March
5
ii
13
April
4
August
ii
ii
September
October
ii
November
10
20
25
28
3
8
28
1
2
3
2
5
6
G F Grant, wages, cleaning machinery  Arrears 1876
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, January 	
Customs, duties on machinery	
Welch, Rithet, freight on machinery ,	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, February ....
W .Selleck, rent of store, January f...
Wells, Fargo & Co., freight on plans    	
W Selleck, rent of store, February and  March	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer,  March ,
G F Grant and others, pay sheet, cleaning machinery	
Engelhardt & Co., wharfage, storage, etc 	
G Stelly, hauling machinery Arrears, 1876, $15
E Demuille, carpenter's work on store	
Gellatly, Son & Co., preparing agreement, Watt & Co.'s cont't
and Reed Bros. & Co.'s contract	
Bank of British Columbia, exchange	
W P Sayward, lumber for store house	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, April	
W Selleck, rent of store, April	
Northern Assurance Co., Insurance on machinery ,
Grant and others, pay sheet, cleaning machinery	
Phoenix Fire Insurance Co., insurance on machinery..	
North British Mercantile Co., do. 	
Scottish Commercial Co., do. 	
E B Marvin, rope and sheave	
G F Grant, wages, cleaning machinery  ,
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer,   May	
G F Grant and party, cleaning machinery	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, June  ,
W Selleck, rent of store, two months	
Telegraph office, messages	
Engelhardt & Co., charges on package ,.	
Customs, duties on parcel	
" Colonist " office, forms of landing warrant	
H McKenzie, carriage of rope, etc	
GF Grant, cleaning machinery	
E B Marvin, rope	
E Demuille, carpenter work at store house, Esquimalt  	
Kinipple & Morris, 1st instalment  of Commission ,	
Bank of British Columbia, exchange on draft	
Reed Bros. & Co., instalment, cofferdam	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, July	
RT Williams, binding specifications,,	
W Selleck, rent of store 	
J A Watt & Co., 5th instalment on machinery	
Bank of British Columbia, exchange on draft	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, August	
W Selleck, rent of store „	
Do. do	
Telegraph office, messages	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, September ....
P McQuade, oils, paints, etc., for machinery	
W Selleck, rent of store	
Kinipple & Morris, salary of Resident Engineer, October	
Reed Bros. & Co., instalment on cofferdam	
Total.,
$ Ct   £
109 00
182 25
4,074 00
2,194 97
182 25
80 00
35 70
160 00
182 25
374 25
136 25
105 00
40 50
100  17
3 10
99 41
182 25
80 00
50 00
191 50
100 00
100 00
100 00
26 15
36 00
182 25
135 50
182 25
160 00
34 80
75
2 81
50
3 00
56  00
3  50
5  00
12,125  00
125  00
2,398 30
182  25
13  75
80  00
3,150  00
42  00
182  25
80 00
80 00
12  10
182  25
30 00
80 00
182  25
2,149 90
$   cts.
30,786 41 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
361
Detailed Expenditure, Miscellaneous Services.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
March 19
May 1
July 6
20
September 29
April
May
June
July
23
August
September
November
October
February
3
March
6
April
May
5
June
4
July
Septembei
October
6
3
3
November
5
March
6
April
ii
May
July
3
24
17
4
ii
ii
October
25
28
1
November
2
Stationery,
R T Williams, binding and folding Report of 1876	
Do do. Supplementary Reports.
T N Hibben & Co., stationery ,	
R T Williams, bookbinding	
Do. letter covers	
T N Hibben & Co., stationery ,,	
Do. do ,
Miscellaneous Services not detailed.
C McCormac, subscription to "Standard"  ,	
H Lyne, do. "Colonist"	
A R Howse, temporary assistance 	
E Marvin, files for draughtsman	
W A Franklin, carriage of parcels ,	
A R Howse, temporary assistance	
W Robertson, half rent of pest-house	
H Rickman & Co., matches ,	
II Phillips, soap	
A R Howse, temporary assistance	
H Lyne, subscription to " Colonist "	
C McCormac,       do.        "Standard1' , ,
Brown & White, towelling, etc	
D Deasy, washing towels	
J Morley, attendance at office, 3 days 	
C E Dawson, fee for report on dam and water works ....
A Vipond, two keys for post office box	
W Jones, sundries for office	
Rickman & Offner, matches ,	
J H Carmichael, taking down telegraph poles and wires.
H Lyne, subscription to "Colonist" 	
C McCormac,    do. "Standard" 	
Rickman & Offner, matches  	
Telegrams.
Telegraph Office, messages for January .
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
February ,
March	
April  	
May	
June	
July and August
September	
October 	
Fuel and Light.
W R Clarke, coal and wood for offices	
Do. do. do. 	
Victoria Gas Co., gas and meter rent for offices..
W R Clarke, fuel	
Victoria Gas Co., gas and meter rent	
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
Do. do	
Victoria Gas Co., rent of meters and gas	
Engelhardt & Co., coal and wood,	
Total Miscellaneous Services
$ cts,
122 00
18 00
47 25
55 80
21 00
3 62
53 37
25
25
7 50
50
75
15 75
100 00
1 00
6 00
104 00
25
25
19 00
6
15
50 00
1 00
11 75
1 00
10 00
3 25
3 25
1 00
7 50
9 25
8 50
10 05
15 50
5 00
10 75
3 75
11 75
97 00
108 00
106 00
88 50
90 00
34 00
23 00
61 50
82 50
%   cts.
321 04
369 75
82 05
690 50
1,463 34 362
Report of Public Works.
1877
TENDERS RECEIVED AND CONTRACTS AWARDED,
During the year ended 31st December, 1877.
Nature of Work.
Victoria City.
Supplying   Government    House,    Victoria,
with coal and wood	
Name of Tenderer.
II Gaston, coal	
Do.       wood ,
J D Robinson & Co., coal....
Do. wood..
DcWeiderhold & Co., coal..
Do. wood.
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
Do. wood ....
Supplying  the  Government Offices,  James
Bay, with coal and wood 	
H Gaston, coal	
Do.       wood	
J D Robinson & Co., coal	
Do. wood...
DeWeiderhold & Co., coal...
Do. wood..
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
Do. wood	
Victoria District.
Repairs, Saanich Road,  boundary to Swan
Lake ,.,,,	
James Baker ,..,
Baker & Ferris
G Nicholson ....
W Tierney 	
J C M Davis ....
Repairs,   Mount   Newton   Cross   Road, from
Prairie Tavern to Henderson's	
Repairs, Burnside  Road  from  Munger's to
Rowland's	
Repairs, East Saanich Road, John's fence to
Simpson's 	
Repairs, Cadboro Bay Road.
Repairs,   Cross Road,  Cedar Hill  Road to
Pollock's	
load from Stelly's, on West Saanich  Road
to Brown's Ditch	
W Thomson ,
Baker & Ferris
W Tierney
Baker & Ferris
W Tierney 	
S Morrow ,..
W Thomson	
Imrie & Mcllmovl.
W & J Baker	
James Baker ,
W Tierney ....
W Baker	
J C M Davis ,
James Baker,
W Baker	
W Tierney ...,
Repairs. Cedar Hill Road ..
Alphonse Vcrdier.
W Healcy	
H Simpson	
W Thomson	
W Baker	
W Tierney...,
James Baker
Amount.
5 7  12}
5 00
7  75
5 00
7 90
5 90
8 00
6 00
7 00
4 87A
7 50~
4 87}
7 40~
5 50
8 00
0 00
1,940 00
2,150 00
3,000 00
2,970 00
2,800 00
975 00
1,082  00
835 00
840  00
1,185 00
1,250 00
1,295 00
1,739 00
1,340 00
343 00
630 00
437 00
450 00
365 00
595 00
787 00
150 00
156 00
200 00
275 00
725 00
898 00
870 00
Award.
I Awarded.
[•Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded. 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
363
Tenders Deceived and Contracts Awarded.—Continued.
Name of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Esquimau- District.
Clearing trail from  Sooke Road  to  Otter
Point,	
85 00
320 OQ
100 00
160 00
200 00
180 00
715 00
850 00
931  00
1,200 00
1,000 00
1,622 00
1,149 00
9,627 00
10,450 00
12,000 00
10,810 00
18,000 00
9,940 00
10,856 00
11,620 00
11,725 00
13,500 00
350 00
364 00
750 00
540 00
18 00
80 00
95 00
100  00
95 00
145 00
116 00
135 00
48 00
350 00
370 00
660 00
185 00
325 00
275 00
120 00
135 00
176 00
218 00
350 00
183 00
495 00
600 00
765 00
2,000 00
800 00
Awarded,
Cutting trail from Vine's to Sooke Harbour,,,,
Mclntyre, Wilson & Co	
W Phillips	
Awarded.
S Morrow	
E Vine	
W Thomson	
D McMillan	
Cowichan District.
Section  No.   2 —Goldstream and Cowichan
Joseph Nicholson	
Awarded.
Road	
Tierney & Hick	
Messrs. Robertson 	
A Dods	
J W Carey,.	
Baker Bros.,	
J Kior	
Repairs, road from Harrisville to Sayward's
Mill 	
Jones & Lewis	
Informal.
Awarded.
J Gaborie	
Repairs to road from Dobson's to Harrisville
Jones & Lewis	
J Kier	
B Dobson	
W J  Marshall	
H Marriner	
R McLay	
Repairs to road from Flats to Kokasailah
R McLay	
J Mearns	
J Kier 	
carry out w'k
Repairs, trunk road, Askew's to Chemainus
J Richardson 	
T G Askew	
Repairs to road from Harrisville to Koka-
J Kier	
JE A Blythe	
Awarded.
TE Evans	
Nanaimo Disteict.
HMcAdie	 364
Report of Public Works.
1877
Tenders Eeceived and Contracts Awarded.— Continued.
Name of Work.
Stone    piers,    Commercial   Street   Bridge,
Nanaimo	
Comox District
Road across Denman Island 	
Section B	
Section C„ „	
Section D	
Comox lock-up ,	
New Westminster District.
Repairs,   Long Bridge,   New   Westminster
and Hastings Road ,	
Name of Tenderer.
Sumerhayes & Shaw.
Richard Nightingale .
Fencing Lunatic Asylum grounds
Yale District.
Section 2—Kamloops-Nicola Road.
Mission Creek Bridge 	
South Thompson River Ferry
Lillooet District.
Repairs on road, Lillooet to Clinton ,
T W Bennett	
McMillan, Lister & Smith.
F Forest & Co	
A Murchison	
W Tierney	
T W Gray 	
John Kirkland	
C McCutcheon	
Schneider & Edwards
Joseph McPhee.
T II Piercy	
E Garnett	
E Garnett,.
R Swan....
W Beech.
Joseph McPhee.
T H Piercy	
E Garnett.	
T H Piercy.,
G Brown	
W Lorimer.,
McNeely & Bruce ..
Howay & Shields ..
Calbeck & Purdy ..
T W Merrill	
Gray & Allison	
J Elliott	
J Bennett ,
Wilson & Spoffort,
D A McDonald 	
Caragher & James ,
J L Bermingham ..
Philip Parke ,
J L  Bermingham ,
Jean Laveau	
John Peterson..
H Fry.
Joseph Johnston.
John Patterson...
John Chenhall ...
G Slater	
W Keatley	
T Crawford	
J L Keating	
W Yader	
Amount.
$1,326 00
1,579 00
340 00
397 00
518 00
125 00
145 00
148 00
290 00
397 00
480  00
550 00
600 00
765  00
1,600 00
1,900 00
2,480 00
2,250 00
2,035 00
2,574 00
2,850 00
2,521 50
3,050 64
2,587 60
3,600 00
3,328 64
2,900 00
2,600 00
2,840 00
6,700 00
14,000 00
8,800 00
9,400 00
1,730 00
2,000 00
Award.
Declined to accept.
Awarded.
485  00    |Awarded.
500 00
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Rent per annum	
Foot passengers each	
Horse 	
Two horses and waggon	
Loaded animal	
Cattlo per head	
Sheep, pigs, or goats, each..
,.$30 00
-'5
50
50
This tender was unintelligible
700 00
384 00
Awarded
750 00
760 00
425 00
550 00
385 00
525 00 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
365
Tenders Deceived and Contracts Awarded.—Concluded.
Name of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Cariboo Diseict.
Clearing trail from Quesnelle to Manson C'k
350 00
150 00
250 00
399 00
500 00
250 00
795 00
875 00
897 00
910 00
725 00
1,130 00
1,400 00
1,450 00
1,500  00
W T Milross	
Awarded.
Cassiae District.
C B Baker	
W Whelan	
A Fulton & Co	 SURVEYS,   1877.
The surveys undertaken during the past year have been more extensive than was
anticipated when the amount set down in the Estimates for that service was decided on.
This extra outlay was undertaken for the following reasons, viz.:—
1st.—As numerous settlers were arriving in the Province it was considered, after
the favourable report of Mr. Mohun, C. B., on the Salmon Eiver Valley, Vancouver
Island, to subdivide the land suitable for cultivation in that vicinity into sections. Mr.
E. Stephens, C. B., was accordingly instructed to perform the work, and a plan of the
valley from his surveys and that gentleman's report are herewith annexed.
2nd.—It was considered advantageous to complete the survey of the Hastings and
Granville Town Site Eeserves. This work has been satisfactorily executed by Messrs.
Dewdney and Jane.
Some complaints have been made on account of large tracts of land having been
locked under the provisions of the " Land Act, 1875," during the past year; but I have
to respectfully submit that, under the existing circumstances, this difficulty was unavoidable. After some protracted negotiations between the Dominion and Provincial Governments, an arrangement was come to between them for the adjustment of Indian claims
in British Columbia, and a Commission appointed. This Commission has been at work
for some fifteen months past, and, pending the receipt of their reports and decisions, it
was scarcely possible to throw open any lands for pre-emption and purchase.
I had been in hopes that the remarks conveyed in my Eeport for the year 1876,
with regard to the surveys being so far advanced during the past season, to admit of
my submitting a complete plan of Tale District; but, as the work was heavier than anticipated, this Department is not at present in command of the requisite information to
complete the plans. There is no doubt that the result of one party's work for one
season will complete the surveys in Yale District.
I beg to add a list of the surveys carried out this year. 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
367
Detailed Surveys.
No. of
Township.
Description.
Acreage.
Name of Surveyor.
New Westminster District.
Number
Group
S. J of S. J of Sections 10 and  11	
N.E. J of Section 36	
Subdivision of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21,  22, and portion of
Section   30	
Lots 385, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406. Group 2, and N.E
\ of Section 33	
Subdivision  of Sections  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 3, 9, 10. 11, 12
13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22,  23,  24, and portion of
26 and 27 '.	
Lots 233, 235, 238, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 301, 362,
363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373,
374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 383	
Lots 382, 384	
Lois 421, 422, 423, 424	
Lots 41, 372a, 373a, 374a, 375a. and N.E. \ of Section 2,
Township 23	
Lots 416, 417, 418, 419	
Suburban lots, town of Hastings, Burrard Inlet	
Subdivision of Blocks 10, 11, 12, 13, and 19, town of
Granville ,'	
Total Acreage
Connections between north  and south shore of Burrard
Inlet .-.	
Township 3
6
7
Salmon River Valley.
Sections 4, 5, 8, 17, 16. 20, 21, 28, 29, 30, 31..
.Do.       13, 24, 25, 26,'27, 33, 34, 35	
Do.       7,18,   19 ,
Total Acreage.,
Coast District.
Section 2, Block 1, Naas River	
Kootenay District.
Eight mining claims	
Sites for bridges on St. Mary's and Kootenay Rivers.,
Group
Township 117
„ 207
,,       210
Total Acreage.
Yale Disteict.
Lots 34, 35, 36, 37, 38	
Kamloops Division, Yale District.
Subdivision  of Sections 28, 29, 32, 33.
Do. 29, 30, 32	
Do.
Total.
160
160
13,000
1,100
11,800
6,223
148
560
830
714
2,488
420
37,603
4,695
3,040
1,500
9,235
35
671
671
1,314
938
601
1,080
W. S. Jemmett.
George Turner.
George Turner.
Do.
Do.
W. S. Jemmett.
George Turner,
W. D. Patterson.
George Turner.
W. S. Jemmett.
John Jane.
E Dewdney.
George Turner.
\ Edward Stephens.
J. A. Mahood.
W. Ralph.
Do.
George Turner.
John Jane.
Do.
Do. 368
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Surveys.— Concluded.
No. of
Township.
Description,
Acreage.
Name of Surveyor.
Township    4
» 6
7
33
34
35
38
50
51
Osoyoos Division.
Subdivision of Sections 19, 29, 30, 31, 32 	
Do, 14, 15, 22, 23, 24, 25	
Do. 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12,  13,  14,  15,
16, 17,  20,   21,   22,  23, 24,' 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32,
35, 36	
Subdivision of Sections 14, 15, 20, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29,
34, 35	
Subdivision of Sections 1, 12  ,	
Do. 1, 6, 7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22,
25, 26, 27, 36	
Subdivision of Sections 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,  15,  16,   17,   20,  21,
22, 27, 30, 31, 34, 35,  36	
Subdivision of Sections 1, 2, 3, 10, 11. 15 	
Do. 5, 6, 7, 8, 17, 20, 29, 32, 33	
Do. 4, 5, 8, 9, 16, 17,  18,   19,  20,  29,
30, 31, 32 ,	
Subdivision of Sections 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17,
18, 19, 20, 21, 30, 31, in the Similkameen Valley	
Total	
2,080
2,090
13,480
4,744
400
6,760
8,190
2,190
5,120
5,600
7,200
57,854
John Jane.
Mr. Stephens' Report on the Salmon Biver Valley.
" Victoria, 24th October, 1877.
" Sir,—I have the honour to hand in, herewith, my field notes of the Salmon Biver
survey, made by me during the present season, together with the surplus stores used, in
the work, and accounts of expenditure.
"I considered it judicious to return at a period earlier than I at first intended, as it
was obvious that the season for doing justice to the work had passed, and that remaining longer would be simply ekeing out time without the chance of being able to shew a
progress commensurate with the expense attending it.
"It rained without intermission for a week before I left, during which time the party
was unable to leave camp, the river in the meantime overflowing its banks in several
places, as is its wont where there are jams of large timber, and spreading its water over
the lower grounds and filling the sloughs, with which the valley is so much cut up. I
was not, however, unprepared for this state of things, both from my own observations and
what information I could obtain from the Indians. I therefore pushed the traverse of
the river as far ahead as possible during the dry weather, as I knew the traverse of the
river on its banks would entail a serious expense, every inch of which would have to be
cut through dense thickets with which the banks are clothed throughout. All section
lines run had to be cut in the same manner as in the heaviest timbered portions of New
Westminster or other districts.
"I have endeavoured to use every economy consistent with the proper prosecution of
the work.
"The distance surveyed up-river is about eighteen miles, but its course is so devious
that the length of the valley, as far as surveyed, is only about fourteen miles, and its
general average about a mile in width.
"The tide affects the river for a distance of about five miles to the first large riffle,
up to which point sea-going canoes may ascend at any time;  beyond that,  except at 41 Vic. Report of Public Works. 369
flood  times,  the  smallest  sized canoes have to be lightened of their passengers and
hauled over the numerous riffles which impede navigation.
"The water remains at a low stage the greater part of the year, the fall to tidal
water being so great that, floods last but a very short time in the upper jDortions of the
valley, but however short (the Indians say a single day) everywhere there are indications of overflow. These overflows are caused by jams of heavy timber carried down
when the waters rise and get fast in the numerous bends of the river. It would be
possible to obviate the effects of these freshets by a simultaneous movement in clearing
the jams. There is sufficient capacity to carry its water to the sea if the worst of the
jams were attended to, the fall being so considerable.
"The grass land at the mouth of the river is flooded at all high tides.
"The quality of the land differs very little throughout the valley, and is as a rule
very superior, being mostly a black vegetable mould intermixed with sand; it generally
averages from four to six feet deep, resting on a gravel bed. The formation is of a recent
date as may be seen wherever a break in the ground exists; trees, comparatively sound,
shew imbedded in the soil. Close to the mountains the soil is not quite so deep, frequently marshy. The land from mountain to mountain is level, sloping seaward with the river.
It does not deteriorate in quality as you ascend on the contrary, I think the upper part
of the valley best; the mountains becoming lower, more sunshine is obtained throughout
the day.
"The swampy parts do not hold out much promise for drainage, on account of the
gravel bottom through which the water will probably percolate from the many bends in
the river.
"The whole valley is heavily timbered, no prairie land worth mentioning having been
found. The timber consists principally of spruce, hemlock, and Douglas pine, trees of the
latter kind may be found, thinly scattered, fit for the largest sized spars; with abundance
of facilities for getting them to salt water. As usual in valleys of this kind, the land is
lowest in neighbourhood of the mountains, and alder prevails.
"On tho whole, I am of opinion that in the meantime the lumbering interests in this
valley would be better served than the agricultural, judging from the progress I have
hitherto marked throughout this country in clearing land. At the same time I may
express my belief that the valley possesses capabilities of a superior quality as a future
settlement.
"Settlers may not calculate on supplies of game and fish, such as may be had in other
new settlements during the summer months. There is nothing of the kind to be seen till
the approach of winter, when both elk, deer, and salmon are to be had in abundance.
" I found the Indians peaceable but sullen, and very.jealous of our operations, and
averse to rendering either assistance or information at first, They however shewed a
disposition to become better at the end.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) "Edward Stephens.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works," 370
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total,,
Julv
1!
16
1!
31
August
14
15
ii 28
September   1
13
1»
25
October       8
II
15
1!
25
II
29
2 m
ber 5
10
Turner's Party,
E B Marvin, tents	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
Indian "Jim,'' packer   	
. Indian " Sam,"   do	
W J Armstrong, cedar   	
W Ray, wages, axeman 	
J Jacobs, board for Turner	
G Turner, salary ,.
E Marvin, nails for drain boxes	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
R Dickinson, meat and vegetables
T McK Lambly, stationery	
C G Major, provisions	
G Newton, wages	
W Fisher, jr., salary	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
G Turner, salary	
Indian " Sam," canoe hire   	
W McColl, meals	
L Agassiz, provisions for Turner	
E Dickinson's vouchers:—
W S Wells, wages as cook	
A Gray, axeman „	
Indian "Jim," salmon 	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions 	
K Morrison, potatoes  	
W Keary, wages as chainman  	
W McColl, meals, etc	
W Fisher, jr., chainman	
W R Lewis, stage fares 	
Mrs. Keary, meals and beds  	
C Myers, towing canoe   	
E B Marvin, tents, etc	
W Fisher, jr., salary as chainman 	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
W S Wells, cook	
Indian "Sam," packer 	
J Wise, provisions  	
C Robertson, potatoes., ,	
Indian " Sam," packer 	
F Eickoff, provisions 	
T McK Lambly, stationery	
W Keary, chainman   	
A Gray, axeman 	
A L McColl, meat, etc	
R Dickinson, beef   	
H Holbrook, provisions	
A L McColl, butter and beef ,
Indian "Sam," canoe hire	
G Turner, salary	
G Newton, wages	
W Chadsey, moving camp	
W Fisher, jr., salary as chainman  	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
W Nelson, moving camp	
W S Wells, cook	
G Howison, provisions   	
S Edge, moving camp	
H Dawson, beef   	
W Fisher, jr., salary as chainman  	
Carried forware
%   cts.
40 00
cts.
25
50 '
30
00
2
92
74
00
8
00
43
55
75
35
31
13
62
104
60
40
00
50
00
150
00
2
00
1
50
17
60
80
00
91
61
2
25
10
87
2
50
90
00
9
50
50
00
q
00
7
00
2
50
47
50
50
00
40
00
28
00
52
25
1
38
3
75
22
15
7
37
15
48
40
00
19
84
32
20
80
85
32
95
4
50
300
00
80
00
4
00
50
00
2
50
40
00
10
58
4
00
6
12
50
00
2,014 00
2,014 00 41 Vic
Report of Psvblic Works.
371
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.— Continued.
Date.
June
July
April
May
July
August
Particulars.
Brought forward,,,,
Gabriola Island.
J J Landale, surveying, balance of contract.
Salt Spring Island..
26
31
A H Green, salary as surveyor „	
W Beaumont, meat and canoe hire	
J Ackerman, board for Mr. Green and labour
Steamer " Cariboo-Fly," fare  	
Jemmett's Party.
W J Jemmett, salary as surveyor ,,
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
T Lambly, chainman Arrears U
OE Woods,    do Arrears 1876
E Willott, axeman Arrears 1876
G Brown,      do Arrears 1876
C E Woods, chainman	
A Cummings axeman „	
T Lamby chainman	
E Willott, axeman;	
W Bay lie, cook	
J Hume, axeman	
G Brown,    do ,	
Indian "Jim," canoe hire and packer	
Indian "Jim Ghee," canoe hire	
C E Woods, chainman	
Hastings Saw mill, provisions	
J Hume, axeman	
C E Woods, chainman	
R Bonson, hauling to camp	
R Dickinson, meat.,	
Do. do	
Indian " Jim," canoe hire ,	
J A Webster, provisions	
J Hume, axeman	
G Hume, axeman	
E Willott, cook ,	
G Black, meat and vegetables	
W R Lewis, stage hire	
Indian " Mitchell," canoe hire 	
W J Jemmett, salary.......... ,.	
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—•
Indian " Andrew," canoe hire	
E Willott, cook,	
R H Wilson, provisions	
W J Jemmett, team hire and meals ,	
E Matherson, axeman	
W J Jemmett, salary as surveyor	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Indian " Jim," packer , ,	
H Holbrook, provisions 	
H Elliott, removing camp	
151        G Black, beef, etc ,	
201        W R Lewis, stage fares „.	
Amount.
10
Carried forward,,
$   cts.
20
00
2
00
6
75
2
50
323 08
3 08
3 86
3 08
3 08
105 82
26 18
84 62
84 62
56 77
66 18
18 48
53 00
8 00
19 30
20 80
6 16
7 72
4 50
23 40
94 49
16 50
40 15
15 40
15 40
15 40
11 90
13 00
3 00
17 31
50
6 00
6 16
20 16
15 00
6 16
86 55
9 00
64 47
16 00
6 25
13 00
Total.
$ cts.
2,014 00
32 37
31 25
1,413 53
4,011 15 372
Report of Public "Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
April
May
20
1
10
30
July
10
ii
25
ii
28
August
6
20
October        8
17
25
October      25
November 14
Brought forward.,
Jane's Party.
Mara & Wilson, provisions for party ,.,
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments	
Duck & Pringle, pair work horses	
E B Marvin, tents	
J Jane's Vouchers:
Steamer " Enterprise," fares, etc	
Steamer " Reliance," do	
G Tuttle, meals, etc ,	
HB Dart,        do	
L Hautier,       do	
S M Nelson,     do	
J T Jones,       do	
Hudson Bay Company, axes	
Mcintosh & Co., stabling and board	
W B Wilson, stamps	
J T Jones, meals for Hickson Arrears IE
T N Hibben, stationery for April ,	
J Guerin, blacksmith	
Hudson Bay Company, provisions for Jane's party	
J Jane's Vouchers:—
A L Fortune, provisions	
Indian " Louis," labour	
A L Fortune, bacon	
H Wicher, provisions	
G Nelson, beef	
Indian " Phillip," labour	
C A Vernon, provisions for Jane's party	
J Jane's Vouchers:—
Indian " William," packer	
A Postill, butter, etc	
Indian " Abraham," canoe  hire	
P Ellison, horse-shoes, etc	
W Smithson, onions	
Indian " Isaac,"  oats ,	
Indian " Lelasskin," breaking horse	
A Moffatt, labour	
E Lequieme, provisions	
O'Keefe & Greenhow, provisions	
J Jane's Vouchers—
Indian " Bob," axeman	
Roper & Hull, pork and potatoes	
T Greenhow, provisions	
R A Nimmo, do	
Mara & Wilson,     do	
Mcintosh & McPhaden, meals, etc,™	
A McKinnon, horse-shoes	
Duck & Pringle, provisions and grazing for horses	
H Ingram, meals and horse feed...	
Canadian Pacific Railway Survey, horse , ,....
J Brien, labour as teamster ,	
Ah Toun, cook	
S Gray, chainman	
J Uren, provisions	
J T Jones, meals, beds, etc	
M Curnow, labour... , ,	
L Hautier, meals, etc....	
G Tuttle,        do	
H B Dart,       do	
Steamer " Onward," fares  	
Carried forward,,
$    cts.
191 63
1 00
160 00
23 00
6 25
8 00
2 50
2 00
5 00
2 00
2 00
9 50
18 25
4 00
7 00
16 25
9 50
124 63
25 83
115 00
18 35
32 96
20 00
11 00
77 90
3 50
2 50
1 50
0 50
2 00
4 00
5 00
291 45
7 50
171 92
6 75
13 78
8 50
12 75
34 87
18 35
4 00
22 87
31 35
35 00
333 32
266 66
305 00
17 85
7 00
2 50
5 00
1 50
2 00
14 00
$   cts.
4,011  15
2,532 47
4,011  15 41 Vic
Report of Public Works.
373
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.—Continued.
Date,
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
November 21
26
28
March 28
November    5
26
28
29
March 28
May
30
September 19
20
September 20
June
July
6
August       13
Brought forward,.
Jane's Party.—Concluded.
J Jane's Vouchers:—
W R Lewis, meals	
Steamer " Enterprise," fares	
J Jane, sundry disbursements..	
F J Barnard & Co., passages and freight ,
Do.                      do.                   do.
R, Howell, chainman	
Burrard Inlet.
T B Meigs, hire of boat  ....
B H Wilson, provisions for party
A G Pinder, chainman	
Dyking Scheme.
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments, etc. ...
C V Sterling, chainman for Mahood    	
Indian " Sanitz," canoe hire and axeman	
R Nuttall, chainman for Mahood	
E Chadsey, board for Nuttall	
D McGillivary, board for Mahood and Nuttall
R Savage, conveyance of Mahood to steamer...
Hastings Town Site.
Steamer "Otter," fare of J Jane and Pinder   Arrears, 1876
W R Lewis, stage fare ,  do.
R W Deane, axes	
W R Lewis, stage fare, nails, etc ,.	
Steamer " Otter," fare and meals ,.
B II Wilson, provisions for Jane's party	
Hibben & Co., stationery  	
A G Pinder, chainman   Arrears 1876, $9 68
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments  ,	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
P Erussard, wages as cook	
H Ross,.axeman ,	
C Parent, do	
B Anderson, do ,	
B H Wilson, board for Dewdney 	
E Dewdney, salary as surveyor	
Hope Townsite.
E Dewdney, salary as surveyor.
Indian axemen, wages,	
Salmon River Valley.
H Short, powder, shot, caps, fishing tackle*
Langley k Co., medicines 	
E B Marvin, tents for survey party	
E Grancini, tools, tinware, etc	
J Spratt, fare of party	
S L Kelly, tinware  ,	
W A Franklin, carriage of sundries  ,
J Finlayson, provisions, etc ,	
H Short, powder, etc	
Carried forward .
$    cts.
2,532 47
1
50
p
75
11
75
106
10
66
75
366
65
3
00
32
00
12
50
1 25
4 00
2 00
36 48
5 00
17 00
1  00
13
50
6
00
6
00
8
25
11
50
457
18
4
50
142
34
1
00
35
48
126
28
132
09
132
09
4
00
10
00
15
00
6
00
40 60
12 25
45 00
29 85
125 00
22 88
6 25
283 27
8 50
573 60
$    cts.
4,011 15
3,090 97
47 50
66 73
1,090 21
' 21 00
8,327 56
26 374
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward.,
Salmon River Valley.—Concluded.
September
October
October
November
iy
6
11
20
igust
J?
6
8
))
17
18
October      19
July 3
August       28
F Reynolds, meat	
Steamer " Cariboo-Fly," fares, etc ,	
Pay sheet, chainmen, axemen, etc	
Indian "Mawha," canoe hire	
,,      " Jim,'' fish, moving camp, and labour	
,,       " Tom," canoe hire   	
,,      "Keecootla," messenger  	
,,       " Nimstistalla," canoehire ,	
,,       " Uchtaloglees," canoe hire	
,,       " Capt. Jack," moving camp	
,,      "Jack," conveyance of party, Salmon River to Comox.
J Fitzpatrick, board for party 	
Indian " Nigatsy," conveyance, Comox to Salmon River 	
,,      " Harry," labour and canoe hire	
J Rodello, provisions	
Iudian ".Mary," canoehire	
,,       " Harry," labour	
E Stephens, salary ,
W A Franklin, carriage	
Sooke Explorations.
P Murphy, carriage of party and outfit
G Anderson, provisions, etc	
Hibben k Co., compass 	
G C Keays, tinware	
Indians, chaining, packing, etc	
W Tolmie, jr., chaining	
W Cartwright, axeman 	
J Weir, chaining, etc :	
M Muir, provisions 	
A R Howse, salary as surveyor	
Indians, packing	
Indian " Jack," canoehire   	
Ralph's Party.
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments..,
C Booth's Vouchers:
Steamer " North Pacific," passage ,
W C Noon, tent	
Blackwell k Kelly, meals	
S F Sabini, railroad fare	
T D Smith, board	
Handley& Sinnott, board	
H T Dillinghan, steamboat fare	
B B Hayward, railroad fare..,,....,.,,
Mrs. Cummings   board	
F B Funston, horse and rig	
W W Day, saddle-horse	
Direnburg Bros., provisions 	
T Quinn, saddlery	
J Ward, horse-shoeing	
Indian " Pompson " pack-horse ....
W O'Donnell, camp utensils 	
J McCraith, pack-saddle and sinch..,
F O'Brien, board	
A C Willman, horse feed ,
T Quinn, cantenos	
Carried forward..
$    cts.
573 60
63 00
42  50
509 98
36 00
74 09
6 00
2  00
13  00
4 50
5 00
41 00
20 00
50 00
26 50
30 50
11 00
22  59
534 03
1  75
13 00
70 98
5 00
13 25
52 00
42 58
4
42
5
174
00
80
19
37 00
3 00
1 25
7 00
12 25
11 97
239 04
$ cts.
,327 56
2,067 04
463 38
10,857 98 41 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
375
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
August      28
November 14
October      17
29
November 23
Brought forward	
Ralph's Party.—Concluded.
C Booth's Vouchers:—
G Kellicott, stockwhip	
H A Vansyckle, board, etc	
P Miller, ferriage horses	
Cowley & Ford, tolls, etc ,
Louis Kee, eggs and ferriage	
M M Fry, passage horse	
Napoleon Gregoire, bacon, butter, etc	
Galbraith Bros., provisions ,
L Fouquet, butter	
Galbraith Bros., provisions  	
J Morrisey, labour	
G Dacres, provisions ,
H S Booth, blacksmithing	
G A Kelly, board	
C Booth, stamps	
H L Booth, beef and potatoes	
Indian "Francois," labour ,	
F Kruger, provisions 	
J Wardle, freight on baggage	
G S Button, blacksmith	
Steamer "Enterprise," fare, etc 	
P Arnaud, meals, etc ,	
Steamer "Royal City," fare, etc	
J Wirth, board	
Indian " Johnny,"	
B Price, flour	
Pay sheets, Indians, labour	
B Price, provisions	
Indian  " Lathmuskin," game and moving camp.
Indian " Baptiste,'' labour and horse hire	
Do. do. do. 	
Indian "Joseph,'   labour and vegetables	
T Kruger, provisions	
Indian Johnny," labour and moving camp	
Indian " Skumskull,'' game	
Customs House, duties on horse	
Indian "Martin," labour and horse hire	
Gastineau's Party.
29
S S Burt, provisions, etc	
J M Simpson, wages as axeman	
A R Howse, chaining	
GWebb, do	
H Simpson, conveyance of party	
T Deasy, cooking	
E Sadler axeman ,.,
do.      beef	
P Franck, axeman	
T Deasy, cooking	
H Simpson, stage hire and provisions..
A R Howse, chaining	
E Saddler, beef and potatoes	
P Franck, butter ,
S Saudover, blacksmithing.....	
Carried forward II ,,..,... I 12,239 13
Amount.
$ cts.
239 04
00
75
50
90
50
15
75
5
4
6
2
34 84
2 25
12 75
122 50
30 83
12 00
40 50
1 00
9 96
12 00
43 51
100 00
75
3
4
75
00
00
25
00
10 50
39 00
59 10
3 75
34 00
39 00
40 00
18 50
13 50
5 87
4 50
30 00
31 62
22 50
36 00
21 56
6 09
21 56
57 56
28 51
39 56
40 00
25 01
20 00
3 07
50
50
Total.
$>' cts.
10,857 98
1,027 20
353 95 376
Report of Public Works.
1877
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July 20
September 17
20
26
November    5
September 24
October     29
April
May
23
ii fi°
August 0
September   6
20
Brought forward,,
Granville Townsitc.
E B Marvin, tents	
Hastings Mill Co., provisions	
J E Curtis, chainman, wages 	
Indian " Tom,'1 axeman	
Dr. Walkem, medical attendance	
W Moore, axeman	
Steamer " Maggie," freight	
J VanBramer, ferriage	
T Cudlip, meals, ,	
P Smith, boat hire	
Pay sheets, axemen	
Indians, packing, canoeing,  etc	
Indian  "Jack," cook	
W R Lewis, stage fare ,
P Arnaud, board	
C G Mayor, provisions , 	
W McDonald, axeman	
E Dewdney, salary, surveyor	
G Black, meat for party	
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments..
Cassiar Surveys.
J Kain, ferriage, Robertson...
S Evans, meals ....,	
G Baker, laying off townsite.
G B Wright, surveying	
General,
P Arnaud, board for Hickson  Arrears, 1876, §7 50
W W Russell, prismatic compass Arrears, 1876
Britton & Rey, lithographing maps	
Bank of British Columbia, exchange on draft 	
Custom House, duties on maps ,	
Wells, Fargo, & Co., freight and charges on maps	
Bank of British Columbia, exchange on draft 	
Engelhardt & Co., freight on maps  ,
W A Franklin, drayage of       do	
J C Hickson, salary as chainman	
Britton & Rey, lithographing maps	
Turner, Beeton, & Tunstall, freight and cost of maps	
T Storey, repairing instrument	
W A Franklin, carriage of stationery, etc	
W S Gore, American transit ,
Total Surveys.
$   cts. $   cts.
12,239 13
30
00
135
87
104
00
9
00
5
00
6
92
2
00
8
50
5
75
5
00
268
50
21
00
79
28
14
00
18
00
83
53
96
00
400
00
65
98
50
5
00
5
00
5
00
45
00
12 50
25  00
337  00
45
36 05
13 22
1 68
1  83
75
10 00
45 50
16 50
7 50
75
225  00
1,358 83
60 00
733 73
14,391  69 41 Vic
Report of Public Works.
377
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ce, 1870,'
,   " Land
d
t, "Land
"Land
ad Act, 1
Id Mining
own Lots
do.
Land
Certifi
Certifi
Crowr
Acrea
-ps.
a ts   _ 0
:«oh
ewing t
iptions
y 1st tc
Land Ordina
surveyed Lan
Pre-emptions
3f Improveme
do.
Purchase .
ts under  " L
do.      " G
if Purchase,
ts,
® £ 2
-   0                  0-0
m  m  »  «     •    • CS    .   03 O
EH'
0 0 a S3           >      43 P
oobh           0      Co
«
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to
c,
>     9C 378 Report of Public Works. 1877
RETUEN
Shewing amount of Cash  received  from  Land  Eevenue from   1st  January  to  31st
December, 1877.
1876. 1877.            Increase 1877.
Cash received from Sale of Lands     $16,904 73 21,099 29               4,194 56
Do.                      other sources of Land Revenue...         4,968 91 5,394 45                   425 54
$21,873 64 26,493 74 4,620 10
Approximate number of Free Miners Certificates issued in the Province from 1st Januarv to 31st
December, 1877  2,002 2,006 4
EEEATUM.
On page 337, Yale District Roads,  for " North Thompson Road ' read  "Nicola Valley Road.

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