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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE FISCAL… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1877

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 REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF EANDS AND WORKS
OF  THE PROVINCE  OF
BEITISH   COLUMBIA,
FOR THE
FISCAL YEAE ENDING THIRTY-FIRST  DECEMBER,
1876.
19
VICTORIA:
printed by richard wolfenden, government printer
AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   PRINTING   OFFICE,   JAMES1   BAT.
1877. 40 Vic. Beport of Public   Works. 247
REPORT
OF  THE
CHIEF  COMMISSIONER   OF  LANDS  AND   WORKS
OF  THE PROVINCE  OF
BRITISH    COLUMBIA,
FOR THE
'FISCAL  YEAR  ENDING  31ST  DECEMBER, 1876.
To the  Honourable.   Albert Norton   Richards,   Lieutenant-Governor of the
Province of British Columbia, Dominion of Canada.
May it please Your Excellency :
I have the honour to submit the Annual Eeport upon the Provincial Public
"Works, for the fiscal year ending 31st December, 1876; a duty imposed on the Minister
of this Department by the " Public Works Amendment Act, 1873."
The Eeport places before Your Excellency a record of the Public Works placed
under construction during the year, and the progress made with contracts entered into
during the years 1871: and 1875.
Also a detailed statement of the Disbursements made by the Department from the
1st January to the 30th JNovember, 1876.
Appended will be found reports on various works which the inhabitants of certain
districts are anxious should be undertaken ; a statement of tenders received for public
works, in detail; also a statement in reference to the land branch of the Department.
Eespectfully submitted.
Lands and   Works Department,
Victoria, B. C,
December 31 si, 1876.
P. GEO. VEEJSTON,
Chief Commissioner of Lands &   Works.  40 Vic Beport of Public Works. 249
EEPORT
OF
PUBLIC WORKS, BRIDGES, ROADS, BUILDINGS, ETC., ETC.
The year 1876 will ever remain memorable to the inhabitants of the Province of
British Columbia, from the disasters occasioned to a large number of important public
works on the Mainland by the unprecedented freshets that occurred in the months of
May and June.
The main trunk road from Yale to Cariboo suffered very severely, a number of
valuable bridges were swept away, and for some little time the commerce of the interior
almost entirely ceased.
The damage sustained could only be repaired at an unavoidably heavy expenditure,
and in order to avoid a recurrence of the calamity, an experienced engineer was
employed in the spring to insjDect and report upon the practicability and probable cost
of raising the road  in places, above high water mark.
This thoroughfare is now in an excellent state of repair, the bridges carried away
having been reconstructed and the road in many places raised and widened. The work
has been performed by day labour under the supervision of the Eoad Superintendents,
as it is obvious that to have pursued the contract system would have consumed much
valuable time and thereby caused serious loss to the community at large.
With reference to the Graving Dock at Esquimalt, I have to report that His Excellency the Earl of Dufferin, upon the 19th of September last, most kindly inaugurated
this important enterprise by driving the first of the sheeting piles for the Coffer-dam.
The construction of the Cofferdam has since proceeded satisfactorily, and promises completion during the early part of the approaching summer.
Several important works commenced last year have been completed in a satisfactory manner, viz: Thompson Eiver Bridge, the Hope-Nicola Trail, the Okanagan-
Mission Eoad, etc., etc.
A considerable quantity of new road work has also been performed, and where
advisable by contract, throughout the different Districts. A line of road has been
carefully surveyed from Kamloops to Nicola Lake, distance some 30 miles, but the first
section only has been placed under contract this year.
An exhaustive survey of the Lillooet and Burrard Inlet Trail has been made by a
competent Engineer, and a practical route located.
After considerable difficulty a feasible line for a waggon road has been discovered
between Goldstream and Cowichan.
This line has been surveyed; specifications drawn; and tenders called for the work
in two sections.    Eeports on both these important works are subjoined.
I regret to report that the North pier of the Quesnelle Eiver bridge has been
carried away, the lignite foundation having been undermined. By great exertion a
trestle was placed under the main span, and the Howe truss of 208 feet saved. A new
pier is in course of construction.
Lillooet District also suffered severely from the unusual rise of the water in Eraser
Eiver; the bridges over Caj'oosh Creek and Bridge Eiver having been swept away.
Plans were prepared for new structures, and the work of re-bridging these streams is
now being pushed toward completion by the contractors.
I have also to report that ihe Lunatic Asylum Building at New "Westminster, placed
under contract last year, is still unfinished, the contractors having had great difficulty
in obtaining a supply of brick, their first kilns having been destroyed by the unusually
high water at Fort Langley, where their brick yard had been established.
I am pleased to report that the bridges and roads on Vancouver Island have not
sustained any damage worthy of special mention during the year.
I submit herewith, for your further information, a statement describing more in
detail the buildings constructed during the year, buildings completed but placed under
contract last  year, a similar statement with regard to bridges and roads, and certain 250 Beport of Public Works. 1876
reports on surveys of roads and bridges arranged under the headings of each Electoral
District.
Victoria City Electoral District.
Buildings, &c.
Government Buildings, Victoria.
Eepairs Government Buildings, James' Bay.
Edward Mallandaine, architect.
William Lorimer, contractor, at $1,359.
These repairs consisted of removing two ceilings in the Land Office, repairing the
plastering throughout the building, colour-washing, painting, &c.
Messenger's quarters—renewing sills, re-shingling roof, painting, &c, &c.
Legislative Hall.—General repairs to plaster, painting, colour-washing, and re-
shingling the main portion of the building.
The main portion of the Supreme Court and the Provincial Secretary's Office were
also re-shingled, &c, &c, &c.
This contract also included some brick drains and other work. The gutters and
valleys were also renewed where decayed.
Addition to Lunatic Asylum, Victoria.
John Teague, architect.
John Bennett, contractor, at $550.
On account of the non-completion of the Lunatic Asylum at New Westminster,
which was placed under contract last year, and an unusual increase in the number of
patients, it was found again necessary to add another ward to the existing wooden
structure at Victoria.
The ward is 38 feet by 18 feet, and 10J feet high, and divided into ten cells and a
corridor.
Government Grounds, James' Bay.
The work of improving these grounds has been again carried on during the year.
Water has been introduced by means of tapping the Humboldt street main, at the
corner of Government street, and conducting it across James' Bay Bridge in a two inch
iron pipe ; thence in a pipe of similar diameter to the corner of the Registrar's Office ;
thence to the fence or boundary of the reserve, at the rear of the Printing Office.
Suitable and convenient fire plugs have been placed in five different places in the
grounds; these plugs also serve by attaching hose and nozzles to preserve the shrubs and
grass during the summer season; water has also been introduced into the Land Office,
Printing Office, and Messenger's Quarters.
The Public School House, Victoria.
This building placed under contract last year, has been completed. In addition to
the original contract the class rooms have been commodiously fitted up, the different
play grounds allotted to the boys and girls fenced off, the latter with close board fencing; a good bell has also been purchased and placed in position in the structure.
Victoria Electoral District.
Buildings.
Teacher's Residence, Cedar Hill.
E. Mallandaine, Architect.
J. P. Burgess, contractor at  $970 00
Extras, fencing, commission, &c     271 74
Total $1,241 74 40 Vic. Beport of Public Works. 251
This building has been completed, and is 30 feet long, by 24 feet 3 inches, and 11
feet between floor and ceiling. It is divided into two bedrooms, sitting-room, and
kitchen ; a pantry and wood shed are also provided.
This house was erected on account of the difficulty experienced by the Superintendent of Education in obtaining a suital le residence for the Teacher at Cedar Hill,
wi'hin a reasonable distance of the school house, and will be rented to the occupant at
a fair rate.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Repairs, West Saanich Road, Stevens' to Swan Lake.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
William Baker, contractor at $1,150.
Re-grading, 1,111 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 1,111 yards, 14 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Macadam, rock, 164 yards, 14 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 164      „      14       „ 6 „
Some filling and blasting was also required.
1 bridge, 12 feet long, 16 feet wide.
3 culverts, 2J by U feet, 20 feet long.
Repairs, Cedar Hill and Mount Tolmie Road.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
John Bennett, contractor at $895.
Grading, 1,087 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 578 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Macadam, rock, 51)2 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 502 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert, 3 by 2 feet, 22 feet lonsj.
3     „       2J by 1£ feet, 20 feet long.
Some blasting was necessary on this contract.
Repairs, East Saanich Road, Pearse's to Prairie Tavern.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
Duncan McDonald, contractor at $1,170.
Grading 1,469 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling 1,469 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert 3 feet by 2 feet by 20 feet.
2 culverts 3 feet by 1J feet by 20 feet.
Forest clearing 1,469 yards, 40 feet wide.
Extra Work.
Grading 248 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling 248 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; and removing boulders, &c, from
those portions of the road omitted between the initial and terminal points of the
contract.
Road from Elk Lake to Royal Oak, Repairs.
William Baker, contractor at $1,142.
Grading 1,382 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling 793 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 in. deep.
1 culvert 2 feet by 1J feet, by 19 feet.
Forest clearing 1,382 yards, 40 feet wide.
A considerable amount of blasting was included in this contract..
Extras.   .
Gravelling 97 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep, at 50 cents per yard  $48 50
Repairing culvert       5 00
Total  $53 50 252     . Report of Public Works. 1876
CoLQUitz Valley Road, from Saanich Eoad to McKenzie's gate.
J W Carey, contractor at $724 00.
Grading 565 yards, 18 feet, wide.
Forest clearing, 565 yards, 40 feet wide.
Filling 80 yards, 1 foot high, 18 feet wide.
1 culvert 4 feet by 2 feet by 21 feet.
Sleigh-road 15 feet wide, 1,210 yards.
Forest clearing, 18 feet wide, 1,210 yards.
East Saanich Eoad, Spott's to John's fence.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
Duncan McDonald, contractor at $1,690.
Grading 2,416 yards, 20 feet wide.
Forest clearing 2,416 yards, 40 feet wide.
1 bridge 80 feet long, 17 feet high, and 16 feet wide clear of ribbons.     This bridge
is substantially built and has two string crib abutments.
Extras.
12 culverts, 2 feet by 1 feet by 20 feet.
Eepairs, Gordon Head Eoad.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
J. C. M. Davis, contractor, at $300.
Grading 493 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling 359 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
1 culvert 2 J feet by 1| feet by 18 feet.
Extras.
134 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
East Saanich Eoad, near McDonald's.
William Eeed, superintendent.
J. C. M. Davis, contractor, at $400.
Grading 534 yards, 20 feet wile.
Gravelling 534 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 bridge, 45 feet long, 14 feet wide.
1 culvert, 2 feet by H feet by 20 feet.
This work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Day Work.
The undermentioned work has been performed by day work, under the superintcn
dence of foremen :—
John Nicholson, foreman.
Cadboro Bay Eoad.
Grading       85 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling 535     „      12       „        6 inches deep.
Do.     1325     „      12       „ 6
Gorge Road Repairs.
Gravelling 205 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Mount Tolmie Road, near the Richmond.
Gravelling 436 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
West Saanich Road, near Brick Yard.
Macadam, rock, 260 yards, 12 feet wide. 6 inches deep
Gravelling 260     „      12       „ 0
1 culvert 2} feet bv 1J feet by 20 feet, 40   Vic. Report of Public Works. 253
Eoad between Stevens' and Butler's.
Grading      1050 yards, 15 feet wide.
Do. "        270     „      16
Gravelling   210     „      10       ,, 6 inches deep.
Do.      '      40     „      12        „       10
1 culvert, 3 feet by 2 feet by 18 feet.
1     „      3    „ 2    „ 20
Burnside Eoad Eepairs.
Gravelling 490 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
West Saanich Eoad.
W. Sampson, foreman.
Bridge near Horth's farm, 70 feet long, 12 feet wide, 10 feet high.
The approach on the north side of this bridge is cribbed on both sides for a distance of ninety feet, from 2 to 3| feet high, and filled with gravel. Width between
cribbing, 20 feet.
At the south end of bridge it was necessary to build a crib abutment, 8 feet high,
and crib the approach in a similar manner to the north end, for a length of 20 feet.
Eoad between Horth's Farm and Wain's.
Grading     800 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling 800     „      12       ., 8 inches deep.
Forest clearing 1600 yards, 20 feet wide.
1 bridge, 45 feet long, 12 feet wide, 5 feet high,
5 culverts, 2-J- feet by 2 feet by 20 feet.
Eoad between Horth's Farm and a point about 2 miles south of Butler's.
Grading 340 yards, 18 feet wide.
Do.    1700     „      12 to 14 „
Forest clearing 340 yards, 40 feet wide.
5 culverts, 2 J feet by 1-j feet by 20 feet.
In addition to the work enumerated above, the usual amount of repairs have been
made to the covering of bridges, culverts, &c, &c, &c.
The  following work  let in  the years 1874 and 1875 has been completed and settled
for:—
H. Simpson, contract 1874, Eowland's to Greenslade's ,  $ 50
J. C. M. Davis, contract 1S75, Mount Tolmie  Cross Eoad to  Fitzallan's, and
road from Dean's to Cemetery      550
Pollock  and Spence, verbal agreement, repairs Cedar Hill Eoad to Pollock's
Cross Eoad     100
Esquimau Electoral District.
Esquimau? Graving Dock.
I have the honour to report in reference to the Graving Dock at Esquimalt, that
on the 20th September, 1875, the agreement, bond, plans, and specifications for the construction of a Coffer-dam—the necessary precursor of the main dock-—were all d ly
signed by the then contractors, Messrs. Hay ward and Jenkinson of Victoria, and that
upon the same day they -were notified to commence the work. On the 24th September
a letter was received from the contractors requesting permission to transfer their con- 254 Beport of Public Works. 1876
tract to Messrs. Eeed Bros., of London, England; and in a letter of even date such
transfer was allowed, provided that.the construction of the Coffer-dam was not delayed
thereby, and that Messrs. Eeed Bros., & Co., of London, assumed precisely the position
of Messrs. Hayward and Jenkinson as contractors. The necessary agreements and
bonds were then forwarded to England for execution, but wore not received, duly
signed, until the 4th March, 1876. This correspondence will be found in the Public
Works Eeport for the year 1875.
No work was performed by the contractors, Messrs. Hayward and Jenkinson,
during this interval, and a period of six months expired before the receipt of the
contract duly signed by Messrs. Eeed Bros., & Co., of London.
It now became practically impossible to have the Coffer-dam completed within the
specified time, viz., 20th June, 1876, and of this fact Messrs. Eeed Bros., were fully cognizant, for the date inserted in the agreement, executed by them in London, was altered
by them from the 20th June, 1876, to 18th October, 1876.
On the 14th March, 1876, Mr. C. E. Dawson, C. E., the authorized agent of Messrs.
Eeed Bros., & Co., reported himself at this office as prepared to proceed with the work
at once, and although it would have been possible to have invited fresh tenders for the
construction of the Coffer-dam, owing to the failure of Messrs. Hayward and Jenkinson
to comply with the required conditions, it was considered advisable under the circumstances, in the public interest, to avoid any proceeding that would involve a further
delay in the commencement of this important work. The contract signed by Messrs.
Hayward and Jenkinson was therefore cancelled, and another contract executed accepting Messrs. Eeed Bros., & Co. contractors upon the same terms and conditions, with the
exception of extending the date of the completion of the work from the 20th June, 1876,
to the 18th October, 1876.
After the execution of the new contract, the agent for the contractors proceeded to
ascertain the accuracy of the surveys and soundings, so as to be in a position to order
material and commence the work The Engineer acting for the Government were fully
aware that, owing to the extreme irregularity of the tides and other causes, the soundings, &c, &c, were not entirely trustworthy, and had wisely inserted a clause in the
specifications and conditions stipulating that the Government should not be held responsible for any error discovered after the acceptance of any tender, and giving the Chief
Commissioner power to grant an extension of the time for completion should any just
cause or unforeseen difficulties arise.
Upon the 26th May, a communication was addressed from the Lands and Works
Department to the contractors, requesting to be informed what steps they were
taking towards carrying out their contract, and, in reply, the agent stated that after
carefully examining the ground at Esquimalt, and the various documents connected with
the work, the drawings, and bills of quantities had been found untrustworthy to such
an extent as to prevent his ordering material or taking active steps, and urged on behalf
of his principals for an extension of time. A further communication was received from
the agent on the 21st June, renewing his application, as follows:—
"Esquimalt Coffer-dam,
"June 20th, 1876.
"Sir,—I respectfully beg again to call your attention to the question of the time for
the constructing the Coffer-dam at Esquimalt.
"As you are aware, the contract was signed by Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., on the
24th January last, but owing to the unavoidable delays connected with the cancellation
of the contract with Messrs. Hayward and Jenkinson, the fresh contract was not executed by the Government until the 2 1st March.'
"After the execution of the contract, it was found necessaiy before I could take
effective steps for the ordering of materials to make fresh surveys and soundings, to
make detailed working drawings, and to take out fresh quantities.
"This has caused a considerable further delay, as well as expense, to my principals.
Owing to these delays, arising from circumstances beyond their control, it becomes
hardly possible for Messrs. Eeed Bros., & Co. to finish the work satisfactorily before
February next, even under the most favourable circumstances.
"I will of course proceed with the construction as fast as practicable, using every
endeavour to finish it by that time; but should the autumn and winter months prevent 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 255
my carrying on the work in a satisfactory manner, the Government will doubtless agree
to the completion being postponed until the early spring.
" The time fixed as necessary for the works was nine months, covering the most
favourable part of the year. I need not point out to you that, in proportion as the season
advances towards winter, the time during which favourable weather may be expected
becomes more and more limited.
"Awaiting the favour of your early reply, I am, &c,
(Signed) " C. E. Dawson,
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of "Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros., & Co.
Lands and Works, Victoria."
After carefully considering the application, the request was granted, and the period
for the completion of the work extended to February next. The further extension was
the more readily agreed to, as it became apparent that from the non-receipt of the drawings for the main dock, from Messrs. Kinipple & Morris, the Government Engineers,
several months must necessarily elapse before the larger work could possibly be commenced. It will be evident to your Honor that a work of this importance is an
enterprise that must be undertaken with the greatest care and consideration, both from
the magnitude of the work itself and from the diversity of interests involved. Some
delay has been occasioned by alterations to the plans, suggested by the Admiralty, and
carried out accordingly by the Engineers, as will be seen by the following communication from them, received at this office on the 2nd October, lb76:—
"3 Westminster Chambers, London, S. W., and Greenock, N. B.,
" 7th September, 1876.
" Dear Sir,—We have the honour to inform you that the whole of the main
pumping machinery is delivered on board ship, and the vessel has sailed for Victoria.
'< We are glad to be able to state that we have now obtained the final approval of
the Imperial Government of the plans for main dock works. In our first designs submitted to the Admiralty we proposed, with the view of reducing the cost, to have a
timber floor to the dock, this was objected to on the ground that difficulties might arise
hereafter as to who was responsible for keeping the bottom in repair. Under these
circumstances the Admiralty determined to have the floor of dock of stone with concrete
underneath, and the plans are being finished in accordance with this decision.
" We are pleased to hear from Mr. Bennett, that the Coffer-dam works are about
being commenced.
" We are pushing on with the specifications and quantifies for the main works to
enable you to ask for tenders, which we think you should have in by the beginning of
the new year.    We have, etc.,
(Signed) " Kinipple & Morris.
"- To the Honourable Cr.  Vernon,
Ghifif Commissioner of Lands and, Works.
Victoria, British Columbia."
This letter, though satisfactory concerning the final acceptance by the Admiralty of
the plans of the main dock works submitted to them, still implied some further delay,
and the following communication was therefore addressed to them:—
" Lands and Works Department,
"Victoria, 17th November, 1876.
" Messrs. Kinipple & Morris,
" 3, Westminster Chambers, London.
" Gentlemen,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication
of the 7th September last, and am pleased to learn that the final approval of the
Imperial Government of the plans for the main dock works has been at length obtained.
"As many months must necessarily elapse before the contract for the main dock
can be awarded and the work commenced with vigour, the necessity of pushing forward
the completion of the specifications and quantities must be apparent to you.
" I trust therefore to be shortly in receipt of all necessary information as mentioned in your letter.    1 have, etc.,
(Signed) " F. Geo. Vernon,
"Chief Commissioner Lands & Works." 256 Beport of Public Works, 1876
I regret to be unable to apprise you of the arrival of the plans and drawings for the
main dock up to the publication of this report.
With reference to the acquisition of the land at Thetis Cove necessary for Graving
Dock purposes, it will be recollected by your Honour that in the Eeport of Public
Works for 1875, it was mentioned that as the sum tendered by my predecessor in office
on behalf the Government, namely, $600 per acre, to the principal owners of the property in that vicinity had been declined the sale was not consummated, and it became
therefore compulsory to arrive at the amount to bepaid to these owners by the expensive method of arbitration, as provided in the "Public Works Act, 1872-73 "
The result of this abitration entailed therefore upon the present Government the
purchase of this property, six and eleven-hundredth acres, " at the rate of twenty-five
"hundred dollars i$2,500) per acre, with interest added at the rate of ten per cent, per
"annum from the date of notice of the land being required by the Government, until the
' date of payment by the Government of amount awarded."
In order, however, to obtain the entire quantity of land stated by the Government
Engineers, Messrs. Kinipple & Morris, to be requisite for dock purposes, there still remained 20 town lots, contiguous to the property already obtained, to be purchased.
The value of these lots was determined by appraisement, and the valuation thus placed
upon them was accepted by the respective owners of 15 lots. The remaining lots it is
proposed to purchase this year. The total amount expended for the acquisition of land
and buildings at Thetis Cove thus far, inclusive of arbitrator's fees, has been $24,883 24.
The auxiliary pumping machinery was safely delivered, ex Hilarion, on the 23rd
November, 1876, at Esquimalt, and has been stored in a shed erected for that purpose.
I herewith append the Eesident Engineer's Eeport on the progress of the work on
the coffer-dam, showing the condition of the machinery and cement.
The remaining portion of the pumping machinery has been shipped on the vessel
Mountain Laurel, and is expected to arrive at Esquimalt in February next.
" Engineer's Office,
"Esquimalt, 31st December, 1876.
" Sir,—I have the honour to report progress, to date, on the Coffer-dam works at
Esquimalt.
" The first of the staging piles was driven on the 7th September last, and on the
19th of same month His Excellency the Governor-General was pleased to assist at the
inauguration of this important work, by driving the first of the sheeting piles for the dam.
" This pile should not have been driven until the staging was completed and the
loose sand and shells on the site of the dam had been removed by dredging. It was,
however, deemed advisable, under the circumstances, to waive this objection ; and it is
hoped that the work, so auspiciously commenced in His Excellency's presence, and not
only with his best wishes, but with the wishes of the many hundreds then present for
its success, may duly be brought to a satisfactory issue.
" The staging is, with the exception of one bay at the western end, completed; it
forms a bridge of 14 bays of 30 feet span. The outside row of main piles is driven to a
radius of 405 feet 9 inches, and the inner to a radius of 374 feet 9 inches; at each main
pile, abutment piles are driven 13 feet 6 inches out from the main piles, and these are
well tied and bolted to the main piles, and to each other. The whole forms a rigid
structure on which the travelling platform, which carries the pile driver, engine, and
boiler, will run.
" The pile driver, &c, has been removed from the scow on which it had been temporarily fixed, for the purpose of driving the stage piles, to the travelling platform, and
is now ready to drive the sheeting piles for the dam; the dredging must, however, first
of all be done.
" Some delay was caused at the commencement of the work by the continuous high
state of the tide, which necessitated my recommendation to you on the 20th October,
that, with the view of hastening the progress of the work, the original design, as regarded the ties and struts from the main to abutment piles, should be somewhat modified.
I am happy to inform you that the alterations you approved of enabled the contractor
to proceed steadily irrespective of the tides.
" Great care had to be taken in driving the main stage piles to ensure an accurate
gauge for the metals on which the platform runs; this has been satisfactorily accomplished. 40 Vic. Beport of Public Works. 257
"It was necessary too, at both the eastern and western ends of the dam, owing to
the rocky nature of the bottom, to drill holes to enable the piles, shod with a special
form of shoe, to be firmly planted in position.
" The delivery of the pumping machinery, ex. Barque Hilarion, was completed on
the 23rd November. It arrived in good order, and has been safely stored in a shed
erected for the purpose, adjacent to the works. I have the honour to inform you
that the boiler has been repainted, and all the bright work in connection with the pumps
and engine has been thoroughly cleaned, and the whole is now at any moment ready for
erection. The rest of the machinery en route from England, per Ship Mountain Laurel,
may be expected some time next month. I may add that the engine, pumps, &c, have
been turned out in Messrs. Watts & Co's well known style, and the workmanship has
drawn the highest praise from all the practical men who have inspected it.
" I further have the honour to inform you I have had A die's cement testing machine
erected for the purpose of testing the cement stored at Esquimalt. I look a sample from
one of the fir casks of the first cargo delivered and made it into test bricks—the test was
for tensile strength; the sectional area of the brick was 24- inches, and the breaking-
strain was 663 lbs. at 5 days, and 801 lbs. at 7 days old. The bricks were made in a
metal mould, were immersed in water as soon as they could hold together, and kept
there till tested. These results I consider most satisfactory, as the brick of 7 days old
bore a greater strain, per square inch, than the specification called for when the cement
left the manufacturer's hands. It is fair therefore to presume that such of the cement
as was not damaged in transit, and which loft England as far back as the autumn of
1874, is, even in the fir casks, almost as good as when it left the manufactory; and I
fully expect that that contained in the oak barrels, which are perfectly air tight, is quite
as good.
" In conclusion I may say that the contractor has on the ground about 20,000 cubic
feet of timber, and 50,000 lbs. of iron work, the whole of which is ready for use in the
Coffer-dam, and I have every reason to believe that as soon as the dredging is finished
a rapid rate of progress will ensue.
"I have, &c,
(Signed)       " W. Bennett,
" To the Honourable "Resident Engineer.
the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works."
Buildings.
Store House, Esquimalt.
John Teague, architect.
John Bennett, contractor, at $575.
This building has been erected on a portion of the land purchased for dock purposes
at Esquimalt. It is built on a substantial rubble masonry foundation. The store is
36 feet long, by 26 feet in width, and is furnished with shelving, trap-windows, &c.
Eoads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Repairs to Metchqsin Eoad, from the Sooke Eoad to Parker's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
J. O M. Davis, contractor, at $1,500.
Grading, 1,517 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 1,210 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep,
4 culverts, 2$ feet by 1J feet, 20 feet long.
Some heavy cutting and filling was required on this contract, also some blasting.
Eepairs, Happy Valley Eoad, from Cole's to Lawrence's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
J. C. M. Davis, contractor, at ""
Grading, 664 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 492 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 258 Report of Public Works. 1876
Forest clearing, 551 yards, 40 feet wide.
1 bridge, 75 feet long, 9 feet high, and 14 feet wide.
1 bridge raised 6 feet, and hill at end cut down 5 feet.
2 culverts, 2J feet by 1| feet, 18 feet long.
1 „        2J    „ li    „    13        „
Trail from Vine's to Sooke Eoad.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
S Morrow, contractor, at $180.
These repairs consisted of cutting out the fallen timber, and widening the old trail,
and removing rocks, boulders, &c.
Road from Burnside Eoad near Burnside Bridge.
D. Stuart, verbal agreement, $40.
Grading sleigh road, 300 yards, 12 feet wide.
Highland District, Francis' to Maltby's.
T Maltby, verbal agreement, $35.
Gravelling, 110 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Repairs, Metchosin Road, near Sooke Trail.
E. Vine, verbal agreement, $48.
Gravelling, 120 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Metchosin Road, near Fisher's.
H. Helgesen, verbal agreement, $22 50.
Grading and gravelling, 30 yards, filling holes, &c.
Highland District, Millstream Road.
W. Tyler, verbal agreement, $45.
Grading, 232 yards, 10 feet wide.
2 culverts, 2J feet by 1$ feet, 14 feet long.
GOLDSTREAM  AND  LEECH  RlVER   TRAIL.
R. J. McDonell, verbal agreement, $75.
Re-building two corduroy bridges, each 60 feet long, 12 feet wide.
Cutting out fallen timber 7 feet wide, and repairing the trail generally.
Trail from Sooke to Leech River.
J. Poryea, verbal agreement, $40.
This work consisted of clearing out the logs from Sooke Harbour to the town   of
Leech.
Day Work.
John Nicholson, foreman.
Repairs, Metchosin Road, between Lime Kiln and Peat's.
Gravelling, 262 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Do. 4     „      10       „ 6
Grading,     262      „      24       „
Forest clearing, 1,600 yards, 40 feet wide.
Do. 600     .,      60       „
Repairs, Esquimalt Road, City boundary to Esquimalt.
Gravelling, 45 yards, 16 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Do.      140     „     12       „ 6 „
1 culvert, 2i feet by 1J feet, 25 feet long.
Boulders removed, and ruts filled.
Hospital Road.
Grading, 270 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 220 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
2 culverts, 2 J feet by 1J feet, 20 feet long. Repairs, Sooke Road, between Cogan's and Sooke School House.
Grading, 375 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelling, 125 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Do.        340      „     10       „ 6
10 culverts, 2 J feet by 1$ feet, 13 feet long.
This party also placed 56 loads of rock in the principal pier of the Sooke  River
bridge.
The boom, which was partly carried away last spring, was replaced by Mr. M.
Muir, who also placed six f inch stay rods in the bowstring truss.
Other small repairs have been made, such as re-covering culverts, repairing planking of bridges, &c, &c.
The following work undertaken last year has been completed :—
John Nicholson, superintendent.
Repair, Sooke Road.
Henry Cogan, contractor.
Happy Valley Road.
S. Morrow, contractor.
Highland District Road, near Dr. Foster's.
J. Horie, verbal agreement, $60.
Grading, 250 yards, 12 feet wide.
Repairs, Deadman's River Bridge.
James Francis, contractor.
The details of this work will be found in the Annual Report for the year 1875.
Cowichan Electoral District.
Trunk Road from Goldstream to Cowichan.
This road was projected in 1873, and a line blazed from Sayward's Mill to Gold-
stream.
Specifications were prepared and tenders called for the work, the same to be received at noon on January 15th, 1874.
Grave complaints were made by some of the parties that travelled over and examined the line, principally to the effect that it was impossible to conform to the grades
specified for.
In a report dated June 3rd, 1874, Mr. Farwell writes very unfavourably of the
route. That gentleman was instructed to examine the line, and his communication on
the subject is annexed hereto.
It having been decided to make a further attempt to find a practicable line for a
waggon road to Cowichan, Mr. A. R. Howse was instructed, on the 1st June last, to
make a careful examination and survey from Goldstream to Cowichan. That gentleman
reports having found a suitable line, with easy grades.
Mr. Howse was further instructed to examine the first, or coast, line reported on
by Mr. Farwell.    His reply to both letters of instructions is also annexed.
Plans and specifications have been prepared from Mr. Howse's notes, the road
divided into two sections, and tenders called for the work, to be received at noon on the
29th January next.
" Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, June 3rd, 1874.
" Sir,—1 have the honour to report for your information, that I left Cowichan on the
morning of the 25th ultimo, accompanied by Mr. W. C. Duncan, to examine the line bla-'
zed last October by Mr. John Nicholson, for the proposed road from Sayward's Mill to
Goldstream.    On that evening I camped on the Saanich Arm, about 10 miles from the 260 Beport of Public Works. 1876
Mill. On Tuesday the 26th I started at 7 a.m. and reached Victoria at 11 p.m., having
experienced very rough weather, snow, hail and rain the greater part of the day.
"Direction of Blazed Line.
" The line commences at a stake marked No. 1 about a quarter of a mile to the southwest of Sayward's Mill, Shawnigan District, crosses the mill creek, and keeps on the
first bench near the West shore of the Saanich Arm, for a distance of about 3 miles,
thence runs inland and crosses a large creek, at an altitude of 382 feet, which flows into
the Inlet, at the back of the Mallahath Indian Village. Distance from mill about 4$ miles,
do. from salt water about | of a mile.
" Over this portion of the route a waggon road could be easily and cheaply constructed, with no grade in excess of 1 in 12 Thence the line rises rapidly over a shoulder of
the Mallahath Mountain, and attains an altitude of 1309 feet at some distance from the
water. The next five miles is over very rocky ground, and follows up a creek about a mile
to get a crossing, and then returns to within half a mile of the Inlet,—altitude 845 feet;
thence following the Saanich Inlet for about three miles, at an altitude varying from 673
to 900 feet, and distant therefrom about a mile ; thence to Goldstream the line is very
crooked, meandering round rocks and bluffs, and on reaching a large creek which falls
into the Saanich Arm, it runs to the westward a considerable distance to a favourable
bridge site, then returns down stream. There are innumerable turns and twists, from
the last mentioned creek to the shoulder of Goldstream Mountain, opposite Dr. Matthews'
house; thence the line descends at a steep grade to the Goldstream flat, and joins the
Cowichan trail and runs along it to stake 56, near the side of " Goldstream House." I
estimate the entire distance at about 19 miles, twelve miles of which run at an altitude
varying from 673 to 1336 feet.
"About two-thirds of the line runs over broken ground, loose rocks and boulders,
and in a great many places the bed-rock is visible.
" Grades.
" From Mallahath creek to the top of the hill, I measured two portions of the line,
and found the grade 1.75 in 12 and 2.5 in 12.    From top of hill to bluff on Saanich Arm,
1 found the following grades on different portions of the blazed line, viz:—2$ in 12, 3 in
12, 2 in 12. From bluff to top of Goldstream Hill, 2 J in 12 in two places, 2 in 12, 2\ in
12 (over bed-rock), \\ in 12 (to large creek). The descent from the Goldstream Hill to
the flat, is very steep and long. The line follows down the bank of a gully, through thick
second growth of fir and hemlock a considerable distance, and then follows round the hill
till it reaches the flat.    On this portion of the route I found the following grades, viz:—
2 in 12, 2.75 in 12 and 2.25 in 12.
" There are a number of steep inclines I did not measure, considering the above
sufficient to prove the rugged character of the country.
"Many of the hills above mentioned might be reduced by zig-zagging, but two
pitches in particular, one rising on Mallahath Mountain and one nearly opposite the
north-west portion of Leading Peak, in my opinion can not be reduced materially. The
former measures 2 in 12 and the latter 2.5 in 12.
" In measuring these grades, 1 may here state I took the general line of the blazes
and the average run of the ground, not taking any notice of very short, steep pitches.
The heights were measured with a compensated aneroid barometer, and I have every
confidence in their accuracy.
" I am of opinion that the route is entirely impracticable for a waggon road.
" Whether an easy line of road can be found or not I am unable to offer an opinion
further than this, that it must be more inland than the line I came over, as the portion
of the Saanich Arm I saw was very bluff and rocky.
" From what I could gather from hunters and others acquainted with the neighbourhood, it might be possible to build a road near the line of the Cowichan trail, but
there must be a steep rise from Goldstream flat to the top of the mountain.
" Mr. Duncan informed me that no difficulties would be found from Cowichan to
the south end of Shawnigan Lake, leaving about eleven miles to connect with Goldstream.
* # * * * * #
" In conclusion, I must state that I received great assistance from Mr. Duncan, 40 Vic. ' Bepori of Public Works. 261
Having travelled over the line last winter, he succeeded in avoiding all the blind blazes,
and thus expedited our journey materially.    1 have, &c.
(Signed)       " Stanhope Farwell.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works."
" Victoria, B. C,
" 24th November, 1876.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit an account of my proceedings during the time
I have been absent from Victoria, employed exploring and surveying a line for a waggon
road to connect Victoria with Cowichan.
" From information I received respecting the nature of the country to be explored,
I decided to make a reconnaissance of the proposed route, in order to determine the
position of the mountains, valleys, &c, lying between the above named places. On the
8th June I left Cowichan, accompanied by Messrs. Mearns and Dougan, and proceeded
along the present trail to the Summit House, on the Goldstream Mountain, examining
carefully the country on both sides, and found that the nearer I approached the summit
of the mountain, the greater became the difficulties for the construction of a road; and
after a thorough examination of the north side of the Goldstream valley, from the 16th
mile post on the Leech River trail, to White's on the Goldstream flat, 1 came to the
conclusion that it was impracticable for a waggon road. I next examined the benches
and mountain side, south of the river, and here found that a good road could be made
with no grade exceeding 1 in 12. I therefore selected a suitable line and surveyed the
same; commencing on the Goldstream flat, at a point about 20 chains north-east of
White's house, crossed the flat in a north-westerly direction to the Goldstream valley;
thence along the south side of the valley to a gap in the mountains, half a mile southeast of the Summit House; thence through the gap in a westerly direction over level
ground, to a point about 7 chains west of the 15th mile post on the Leech River trail,
about 120 feet lower than the Summit House, and distant 378.58 chains from the starting
point. From this point, it passes, in a north-westerly direction, through the lowest
divide of the Goldstream Range, for a distance of 120.54 chains, to the western slope of
the mountains. With a view of reaching the valley which runs parallel to the Victoria
and Cowichan trail, I made a careful examination of the mountain side (which is deeply
scored by ravines and gullys). I succeeded in finding a line in direction of the valley, to
small lake situated about two miles west of the 19th mile post on the Cowichan trail.
From here I still followed a northerly course, but found the mountain sides became
steeper and more broken up with caiions and precipices, through which it is impossible
to construct a road. I was, therefore, compelled to abandon this route. I then returned
to a point about half a mile north of the 15th mile post on the Leech Eiver trail, and
followed up the course of the Goldstream in a north-easterly direction; endeavoured to
find a road to reach Sayward's mill, but encountered nothing but bed-rock, bluffs, &c,
proving, beyond doubt, the impracticability of constructing a road by way of the Gold-
stream Mountain. The only route then left open for exploration, was the valley extending from the benches of the Kokasailah southward to Leech Town. I therefore returned to Victoria, reported the failure of the exploration via Goldstream. Mountain,
and received your instructions to resume the work through the valley above referred
to.
I was also directed, before resuming this work, to proceed to Comox and report
upon the condition of the road, recently constructed by Sir. Joseph Nicholson, from the
steamboat landing to the Courtenay Eiver. Having performed this duty I returned to
Cowichan, and on the 31st July commenced the exploration of the valley between
Cowichan and Leech Town, near the bridge over the Kokasailah; and followed up the
east side of the river to a point about two miles north-west of Shawnigan Lake. I
found the general feature of these benches to be bed-rock, with a thin covering of gravel.
In some places I met with steep slopes, unsuitable for side grading on account of bedrock, &c. From this point I proceeded southerly through the valley, west of a range of
mountains running parallel to Shawnigan Lake, to the northern end of Sooke Lake,
thence along the west shore of the lake to a point about half a mile distant from its
southern end, and from thence in a south-westerly direction to join the blazed line at
the divide on the Goldstream range. The obstructions from rock and swamp along
this line were so great, that I concluded it was quite impracticable for a road. I there-
20 26 2 Beport of Public Works. 1876
fore determined to explore the eastern shore of Sooke Lake, and, if possible, carry the
road west of Shawnigan Lake, by .Thain's south marsh, and Bear valley to Cowichan.
With this view, I made a thorough examination of the mountain side between the
divide and Wolf Creek, and found a good line for a road—no grade exceeding 1 in 12;
and from thence to the eastern shore to Sooke Lake; thence north along the eastern
shore of the lake, to a valley south of Shawnigan Lake. I found it was impracticable
to take the road west of Shawnigan Lake, and that the only course now left was to explore between Sooke and Shawnigan Lakes, and, if possible, reach the mill road or some
point in Cowichan by that way. After considerable trouble, I at length succeeded,
and continued the survey to within a mile of the twenty-first mile post on the
Cowichan trail, when I received instructions to discontinue the work, proceed to
Chemainus and examine and report upon the road contract of Mr. S. Morrow, from
Lambkin's bridge to Haslan's turn-off, a distance of 15 miles, and to return to Victoria.
I was then informed that it was the general belief at Cowichan that a much better and
shorter road could be found from Victoria to Cowichan via Saanich Inlet, and that in
1873 a person, under the direction of the Lands and Works Department, had explored
that part of the country, blazed a line for a road, and reported favourably thereon, and
that an opinion still prevailed that this road could be constructed, notwithstanding the
adverse report of the Surveyor-General, who examined the line in 1874.
"I was instructed to go over this ground, and accordingly, on the 20th September,
accompanied by Messrs. Nicholson, White, and Handy, I went to Saanich Inlet for that
purpose, and commenced the examination at the base of the Mallahath Mountain, on the
west shore of the inlet, about half a mile south of the Mallahath Indian village, where
the blazed line runs in a southerly direction and ascends the mountain. I found that
on this section the grades were very steep, ranging from 1 in 3.5 to 1 in 8, and that it
reached an altitude of 1,290 feet above sea level. The surface of the ground is rocky
slide, bed-rock, and boulders, intermixed with gravel. On the second section I found
the line still continued on the side of the mountain, the general features being similar
in every respect to the country passed over the previous day. I tested various grades,
and found they ranged from 1 in 4 to 1 in 8. On the third section I found that the
nearer we approached Goldstream the greater were the obstacles to road-making. The
grades varied from 1 in 2 to 1 in 7,. and the greatest altitude 1,640 feet. The descent
down the south-western side of the mountain to Goldstream averages an angle of 45
degrees.
" From the foregoing it will be clearly seen that this line is quite impracticable for
a waggon road, and moreover I can confidently state that no suitable line can be found
east of the Mallahath and Goldstream Ranges of Mountains.
" On my return to Victoria and reporting the result of my examination, I received
instructions to resume the exploration for a road via Shawnigan Lake. On the 29th
September I proceeded to Cowichan, and continued the line from the point south of the
lake, over the foothills of Bear Mountain, and through a tract of excellent land, to the
Cowichan Trail, about half a mile south of the lake, and from thence northerly along
the eastern shore of said lake (taking advantage of the lowest and most level ground)
to Elkhorn Bridge.
" There are several small tracts of land suitable for agricultural purposes situated
adjacent to the lake, and when the road is constructed will be readily occupied.
"From the last named point, instead of crossing the millstream and following the
line of country through which the trail passes, I followed a northerly course and crossed
the stream at a narrow place about three-fourths of a mile from the lake, and thence
over gradually rising ground across the western slope of Cobble Hill, and along the
foothills to the southern end of Thain's Road, about four miles from Harris' Landing, at
Cowichan.
" Owing to the rugged nature of the country through which the road must be taken,
great difficulties were encountered, and consequently the work was necessarily slow.
Throughout nearly the entire length of the line the ground is covered with standing
and fallen timber and a thick growth of underbrush. Gravel and road material is handy
throughout, and no grade exceeds 1 in 12. I have no hesitation in saying that it is not
only the shortest practicable line, but the only line by which .the northern settlements
on the island can be connected with Victoria.
(i I subjoin for your information a detailed statement showing the nature of the work required for the construction of a road 14 feet in width, including the number of
bridges, culverts, corduroying, &c.   I have, &c,
(Signed)       "A. R. Howse.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works."
Roads and Bridges.
Repairs, Kokasailah Road, from Mearn's to the Bay.
David Evans, superintendent.
Benjamin Dobson, contractor, at $300.
Grading, 404 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelling, 140 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 404 yards, 30 feet wide.
7 culverts, 2} feet by 1} feet, 15 feet long.
This contract also includes repairing Todd's Bridge and the Kokasailah Bridge, &c.
Repairs, Road from Sayward's Mill to Harrisville.
David Evans, superintendent.
A. Dods, contractor, at $329.
Grading, 243 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelling, 243 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 bridge, 20 feet long, 12 feet wide, 5 feet high.
3 culverts, 2| feet by H feet, 16 feet long
1        „       3      „     "   2      „     20       „
Repairing two bridges, new covering, &c.
Repairs, Cowichan Trunk Road, Davie's to White's.
David Evans, superintendent.
Joseph Nicholson, contractor, at $895.
Grading, 445 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 362 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cutting down hill near Duncan's gate, 5 feet, and filling hollow, 2 feet.
1 bridge, 43 feet long, 7 feet 6 inches high, 14 feet wide.
The road from White's bridge to the Indian camp widened out to 18 feet, and the
embankment increased by filling in with broken rock.
1 culvert, 2J feet by 1J feet, 18 feet long.
1 „      6       „   '    2    „      25       „
Repairs, Cowichan Flats Road.
David Evans, superintendent.
W. C. Duncan, contractor, at $174.
These repairs consisted of driving two new piles in the Clemclemlets bridge, renewing portion of the hand-railing and planking; building a bridge 20'feet long,
18 feet wide, with crib abutments; general repairs to the bridges and road, and
filling holes with gravel, &c.
Trunk Road, Lambkin's Bridge to Askew's.
David Evans, superintendent.
William A. Miller, contractor, at
Grading, 935 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 70 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 935 yards, 30 feet wide.
2 culverts, 2J feet by If feet, 18 feet long.
Trunk Road, Drinkwater's to Richardson's.
David Evans, superintendent.
James Kier, contractor, at $660.
Grading, 826 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 826 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep. 264 Report of Public Works. 1876
1 culvert, 3 feet by 2 feet, 18 feet long.
4 2* 1*        18
Repairing bridge, relaying covering, and renewing where required, and building
new bent, &c.
Kokasailah Bridge.
Bridge over the Kokasailah River, near Indiam camp, and approaches.
David Evans, superintendent.
A. Dods, contractor, at $700.
This bridge has a single truss, main span of 57 feet 10 inches, and a trestle work
approach of 120 feet in length, in spans of 20 feet each. The main span is carried
by two rows of piles, six in each row, four driven vertically and two on the rake,
firmly bolted together, and planked up on both sides with three inch planking.
Corbels, 10 inches by 14 inches, 19 feet long.
Stringers, 10 inches by 14 inches.
Braces,      10       „ 12      „
The bridge is 14 feet in the clear throughout.
Height, twenty feet from bed of river.
Approach on south side 16 yards. Graded 12 feet wide.
- Do. north side 62   ,, „       14       „
This work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Repairs, Road from Hyde's Farm to the Mill Road.
David Evans, superintendent.
James Dougan, verbal agreement, $95.
Grading, 259 yards, 12 feet wide.
2 culverts, 2 J feet by 1J feet, 17 feet long.
Holes filled, bridge repaired, &c.
Cowichan Flats Road.
Constructing bulk-head near Marriner's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
R. White, verbal agreement, $110.
This work consisted of building a bulk-head of crib work to protect the road
from the wash of Cowichan River; length, 100 feet, built of logs 12 inches in
diameter, spotted down close. Land ties, 8 feet long, built 5 feet high, and
brushed and filled up solid.
General Repairs.
Several other portions of the Trunk Road, and the roads in South Cowichan, have
been repaired by day work, under the foremanshfp of Mr. D. Evans.
The following contracts in course of construction last year have been completed:—
Repairs, Road from Cowichan Flats to Harris' Landing.
William Thompson, contractor.
Chemainus River Bridge.
George Askew, contractor.
This bowstring bridge, span 120 feet, has been satisfactorily completed in accordance
with the plans and specification.
The Chemainus River, at a point about 400 yards above the bridge site, has, for the
past year or two, been gradually, when the freshets were on, working behind the ridge
of rock on which one abutment of the bridge has been built, threatening to break
through the low land between the present river bed and the Somenos Road, and form
entirely a new channel.
The river formerly ran through an old channel in front of the Indian Reserve, and
it was considered expedient to endeavour to cause the main body of the water to again
flow through it.
The principal cause of the water having left this course, was a ridge of sandstone
which crossed the course of the stream, and heavy log jams opposite the Indian houses. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 265
It was proposed to deepen the old channel by blasting out the rock, removing the
rock, and placing it in position to form a dam across the new channel. Careful levels
were taken, and a fall found of over four feet in one hundred yards.
This work has been performed by Mr. George Askew, whose Report on the subject
I subjoin:—
" Victoria,
" December 20th, 1876.
"Dear Sir,—I have the honour to report that the work of blasting and removing
rock to straighten and define the channel of the Chemainus River, is successfully accomplished. About half the water of the river, which is now at a low stage, is running
through the new channel, which is about fifty feet wide, and has a fall of four feet in
one hundred yards.
" I am satisfied that the first freshet will cut away the gravel, and widen it out so
that all the river will run through this way. The water that is now running down the
old channel, leaks through the dam; however, the debris that will come down by the
first freshet will fill up the holes between the rocks and stop the most of it. I do not
think anything can injure the dam, as the stones are too large to be- removed—many of
them containing more than a solid cubic yard.
" The dam is from four to eight feet higher than the present water level. In part
of the river there is eight or ten feet of water, making the dam from 14 to 16 feet high.
Here it is more than twenty feet wide at base. I felled some large trees to protect the
upper end of it, and to prevent the water from working round it. I have cut all the
long trees in the large drift pile above the dam, and hauled a great many of them out,
so that the first high water will take it all away.
" I am satisfied that the result arrived at by doing this work has been fully attained,
and that besides securing an expensive bridge and road from being rendered useless
there is no doubt but that the land on the Chemainus River bottom will be improved by it.
" The rock has been blasted out to a sufficient depth to allow the water to run freely
through the new cut. Some rock was blown into the water that was too deep to allow
us to remove them; this, however, can be done next summer at a small cost, say seventy-
five or one hundred dollars.
" 1 have, &c,
(Signed)       " T. G. Askew.
" To the Hon. F. Or. Vernon,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works."
The amount of $1,500 appropriated for the North Cowichan Municipality to meet
expenditures on roads and bridges, has been paid by the Honourable the Minister of
Finance to the Municipal Treasurer.
Nanaimo Electoral District.
Trail from Alberni to Qualicum.
W. Wilson, verbal agreement, $300.
This work included clearing the trail from the Alberni settlement to the mouth of
Qualicum River, distance about 20 miles, and repairing the corduroy, &c.
Trail from Qualicum to Englishman's Riiver, distance about 20 miles.
W. Wilson, verbal agreement, $425.
This work consisted of clearing the old Victoria trail to a width of 8 feet, it having
been completely blocked by heavy gales in the spring.
Nanaimo-Comox Road Repairs.
William Sampson foreman.
Grading,      2,286 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 2,286     „      12       „ 6 to 8 inches deep.
1 bridge, 12 feet long, 12 feet wide.
6 culverts, 2 feet by If feet by 19 feet.
Forest clearing, 2,286 yards, 40 feet wide. 266 Report of Public Works. 1876
William Tierney, foreman.
Grading,     2,798 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 1,457     „      12        „ 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 1,600 yards, 40 feet wide.
9 culverts, 2$ feet by If feet by 19 feet.
The work on this road has been carried out in a thoroughly workmanlike manner, and a small expenditure next season will make the road from Nanaimo to
Wellington one of the best in the Province.
Harewood Road Repairs.
This road opens communication from Nanaimo City to the Harewood mine.    This
enterprise is now in full operation, and the owner, T. A. Bulkley, Esq., employs
a large number of men.
W. Sampson, foreman.
Grading,     855 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 640     „      10 to 12 „     5 to 8 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 600 yards, 40 feet wide.
3 culverts, 1J feet by If feet by 16 feet.
Departure Bay Road, from the City of Nanaimo to Messrs. Dunsmuir, Diggle, & Co.'s
wharf, Departure Bay.
William Sampson, foreman.
Grading,     479 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 210     „      10 to 12 „     6 inches deep.
Cedar District Road.
W. Sampson, foreman.
Grading, 210 yards, 12 feet wide.
1 bridge, 70 feet long, 12 feet wide, 6 feet high.
1     „        16       „ 12       „
1     „       repaired, requiring 2 new stringers, new covering, &c.
W. Tierney, foreman.
Near Nanaimo Bridge.
Grading Sleigh Eoad, 500 yards, 10 feet wide.
Do. do. 270     „      12
Forest clearing, 500     „      15       „
Do. 420     „      20
Gabriola Island.
A sum amounting to $500 has been expended on roads and bridges throughout
the island, under H. Heath and J. Martin, acting as foremen. The mode of distributing this amount was decided on at a public meeting called for that purpose
by the Government Agent, Mr. T. L. Fawcett.
Trunk Road, Cowichan to Nanaimo.
Samuel Morrow, contractor.
This contract extended from Lambkin's Bridge, near Horse Shoe Bay, to Haslam's
turn-off, Cedar District, and was commenced in the year 1874. The contractor
failed to finish his contract during the following year, from various causes. The
work has been completed this year, and the road is reported in very good condition. 40  Vic. Report of Public Works. 267
Comox Electoral District.
Contracts.
G. F. Drabble, superintendent.
Section B.   Repairs from Mission Junction to Gordon's.
T. H. Piercy, contractor, at $249.
Macadam, rock, 224 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravel, 224     „      12        „ 6 „
Ditching, 1092     „
2 culverts.
1 bridge, covering repaired, &c.
Section D.   From Green's Slough to Brown's.
Joseph McFee, contractor, at $475.
Grading,     263 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 241     „      12       „ 6 inches deep.
Macadam :
Rock,       269     „      12       „ 6 „
Gravel,    269     „      12        „ 6 „
Ditching,    445     „
6 culverts.
1 bridge, 22 feet long, 14 feet wide.
Section E.    From Wilson's Junction to Thomas'.
T. H. Piercy, contractor, at $119.
1 bridge, 73 feet, 16 feet high, 14 feet in clear, provided with substantial handrailing.
1 bridge repaired, covering renewed, railing repaired, &c, &c.
Section F.
T. H. Piercy, contractor, at $175.
The work on this section consisted of erecting a new bridge, 40 feet long, 14 feet
wide, and 12 feet high ; cutting down three sand hills from 6 to 9 feet; recovering
two bridges ; grubbing stumps, &c, &c.
Section G.
William Matthewson, contractor, at $499.
Grading, 1087 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grading sleigh road, 3231 yards, 12 feet wide.
1 bridge, 30 feet long, 13 feet wide.
1 „       20       „ 13        „
2 culverts, 2J feet by 1J feet by 14 feet.
Section H.
George Grieve, contractor, at $170.
.   Constructing Sleigh Eoad, 1760 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grading, 200 yards, 16 feet wide.
1 bridge, 30 feet long, 12 feet wide.
General Eepairs have been carried out under the supervision of Mr. Drabble, such as
repairing culverts, cutting out trees, &c, &c, throughout the district.
Eoad from Comox Wharf to Courtenay Eiver Bridge.
Nicholson & Baker, contractors, at $7,920.
This work was placed under contract last year, but, on account of the wet season
setting in earlier than usual, the work was not completed before June last. This
road since its completion has been a great convenience to the settlers. 268 Report of Public Works. 1876
New Westminster Electoral District.
New Westminster and Hope Waggon Road.
From the landing opposite New Westminster to Popcum.
This thoroughfare was seriously damaged by floods, caused bythe unusual rise
of the water in the Fraser River in June last.
That portion of the road from the landing to the foot hills, on which large sums
of money had been expended, was practically destroyed; the corduroy , being
scattered in every direction.
Through the low country by Sumass and Chilliwhack, many bridges were floated
away and the road rendered impassable in numerous places.
The road has been substantially repaired under the superintendence of Mr. L. F.
Bonson, and the following work carried out, viz:—
From landing to foot hills.
Gravelling, 1,760 yards, 20 feet wide, 8 to 10 inches deep.
Corduroy, 660 yards, 14 feet wide.
2 bridges, span 60 feet, width 20 feet, height 8 feet.
The roadway has been raised the entire distance from two to three feet.
Repairs from foot hills to Serpentine Flats.—Distance seven miles.
Gravelling, 4,400 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Corduroy, 2,000 yards, 14 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 3,520 yards, 150 feet wide.
Serpentine Flats.
These flats were originally corduroyed and covered with the peaty material taken
from the ditches.
This covering was found to ignite very readily during the summer, and in fact a
portion of the roadway was destroyed by fire.
Gravelling, 2200 yards, 18 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Corduroy,     600     „      18       „
The gravel is confined to the corduroy by means of a ribbon piece on either side,
firmly troenaileddown.
From Serpentine flats to 20 mile post.
Gravelling, 5280 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Corduroy,     900     „      18
1 bridge, 300 feet long, 12 feet wide, 10 feet high.
General repairs—Deepening ditches, cutting tail-drains, &c, &c.
From 20 mile post to Cheam.
Gravelling, 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Corduroy,1120     „      18
12 bridges, 12 feet wide, height from 10 to 12 feet, length in aggregate 1420 feet.
General repairs to corduroy, covering of bridges, clearing drains, repairing culverts,
&c, &c.
Construction of Sleigh Road from Trunk Road to Matsqui.
This work has been performed by day work, L. F. Bonson, superintendent.
Grading, 12 feet wide, distance 3 miles, removing stumps, boulders, &c, and levelling
off all hillocks and filling hollows, &c.
Corduroy, 50 yards, 12 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 3 miles, 18 feet wide.
Sleigh Road from Trunk Road through Township 13.
L. F. Bonson, superintendent.
Clearing Sleigh Road, length 3 miles, width 12 feet.
3 bridges, total length 200 feet, 12 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Forest clearing, 3 miles, 18 feet wide. General Repairs to Semiahmoo Road.—Distance, 12 miles.
L. F. Bonson, superintendent.
Corduroy, 2,000 yards, 12 feet wide.
Clearing ditches, repairing corduroy, &c, &c.
Repairs, False Creek Bridge.
L. F. Bonson, superintendent.
The repairs'to this structure consisted of building four new piers of crib-work;
each pier being heavily loaded with rock; planking renewed where required;
repairing hand-railing, &c.
On the different roads throughout the District the fallen timber has been removed,
culverts repaired, &c.
The following Municipalities have received from the Hon. the Minister of Finance,
the sums appropriated last session for disbursement on roads and bridges, viz.:—
Maple Ridge Municipality  $1,000,
Langley „     1,500,
Chilliwhack „      1,500.
With reference to the work placed under contract last year in this District, I beg
to report as follows :—
Road from Hastings to Granville.
Arthur Herring, contractor at $5,990.
Mr. Herring having failed to complete his contract from pecuniary difficulties, the
work was undertaken by his sureties. Up to the date of this report the road has
not been accepted.
Road from Langley to New Westminster and Semiahmoo Road.
A. J. McLellan, contractor at $11,300.
This work has been satisfactorily completed and accepted.
Granville and North Arm Road.
H. Simpson, contractor.
This contract was changed to meet the wishes of a number of settlers on the
North Arm. The origial line being followed as far as the North Arm Trail, from
that point a road has been constructed to the Methodist Church.
The work of repairing the road from Ladner's Landing to the Semiahmoo Road is
still in the hands of Mr. Thompson, the contractor.
Dyking the Fraser.
The unusual damage sustained by the settlers residing in the vicinity of the Sumass
and Chilliwhack Rivers, occasioned by the overflowing of Fraser Eiver, caused considerable attention to be directed to the project of dyking the left bank of the Fraser Eiver.
Mr. Dewdney, C. E., was instructed to make a careful survey of the lands situate
between Sumass Mountain and Cheapo, with a view of ascertaining the practicability
of dyking that portion of the District.
Annexed, will be found Mr. Dewdney's report:—
"Hope, November 27th 1876.
"Sir,—In accordance with instructions received from you on the 25th September,
1876, I proceeded to Sumass to make the necessary surveys and gain such information
as would enable me to report to you 'on the feasibility of dyking and draining the low
'lands situated between Cheam and Sumass Mountains, and lying to the south of Fraser
' Eiver.' 270 Report of Public Works. 1876
"In presenting my Report to you of my examination and opinion of this work, I
think it as well that I should first give you a general description of the district to be
reclaimed.
"For your guidance, I have prepared three plans:—
" No. 1 compiled (on a scale of 5 chains to one inch) from surveys made by Messrs.
Ealph and Turner, and which I found most useful and accurate, shewing the western
portion of the Chilliwhack District and the eastern of the Sumass. On it I have shewn
the different channels of the Chilliwhack Eiver after leaving the mountain in the neighbourhood of Cultus Lake, also the country flooded by the freshets of Fraser Eiver in
1876, as well as the position of the Levees, I propose to be constructed, should the
reclamation scheme be carried out.
"No. 2. Plan (on a scale of 400 feet to one inch) also shewing the site of proposed
Levees, with the position of the necessary drainage and flood-gates.
"No. 3. A section of proposed Levees shewing height of embankment required, and
cross section of same.
"The district which I was directed to examine, viz., from Cheam to Sumass Mountain, I propose to divide into two sections, as, although they both suffer from the same
causes, viz., freshets of Fraser Eiver, works of an independent character would have to
be carried out to reclaim them.
"The boundaries of the Sumass District, and which for the purposes of this report
I propose to call 'Eeclamation District No. 2,' are as follows: Commencing at the mouth
of the Chilliwhack Eiver, and following that stream to the mouth of the Atchelitz;
thence along the western bank of that branch to a point near Edward Hall's house;
thence to the Chilliwhack River as it emerges from, the mountains; thence along the
base of the mountain range to about three miles below Campbell's farm, crossing the
valley, about the point that would be affected by this scheme, to the range of mountains
on the north side of the valley; thence along its base to the mouth of the Sumass River;
and from thence following the bank of Fraser Eiver to the starting point.
"The interior of this district might be described as a large basin, containing 31,340
acres, of which, at the present time, I estimate 11,500 acres as covered by Sumass Lake.
"This basin is fed by numerous streams, the largest of which, to-day, is a branch of
the Chilliwhack Eiver; and as this presents the most formidable obstacle to the successful carrying out of this scheme, I shall refer to it more fully subsequently.
"The Noot-sack, a stream that heads near a river of that name south of the boundary
line, enters the lake on its western side, and is the,next in size.
"Besides these, there are a few small streams fed by springs, but they are of little
importance.
"The only outlet this basin has, or which is possible to obtain, is the Sumass Eiver,
which flows into the Fraser Eiver about a mile below Miller's Landing. It is about five
miles in length, and in this channel the tide ebbs and flows.
"The district has been flooded more or less every year since its settlement; it is
only, however, within the last two years that the entire farming portion has been inundated. This summer's flood left but one or two houses, which are built on the highest
ground, out of water; the others had from a few inches to three and four feet in them.
"This has usually been caused by the high water of Fraser Eiver finding ingress by
the Sumass Eiver and up the numerous sloughs, shewn on plan No. 1, flooding the low
lands in the vicinity of the lake as well as that adjoining the sloughs, and as the Fraser
rose so did the water in this interior basin.
"Some seasons this district has suffered only from the rise of the Fraser Eiver
forcing its waters up the Sumass Eiver and sloughs, high water not having reached the
top of the banks of Fraser Eiver between the Chilliwhack and Sumass Mountains. In
that case the district did not appear to suffer very much, and if the difficulty stopped
there, a gate at the Sumass Eiver, with a short dam in a few places, would be all that
would be required, provided the mountain or back water was not too great.
"The last few seasons have, however, shewn that Fraser Eiver has risen three to
four feet over the highest point between these two mountains. When that is the case,
the whole force of the Fraser rushes over the bank towards the Sumass Lake, where it
meets the water already backed up the Sumass Eiver, forming a vast lake, the deepest
part of which, last summer, was 26.93 feet, while at the present time it is only four feet.
"I may here state that this summer the amount of water was considerably increased
by reason of the Chilliwhack Eiver being at its height at the same time as the Fraser 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 271
freshet.    This is not usually the case, the former river subsiding before the latter rises.
"As directed in your instructions, I paid particular attention to the portion between
the Chilliwhack and Sumass Mountains.
"In the first place, I examined the banks of the Fraser Eiver and the nature of the
subsoil. This was easily accomplished on account of the numerous sloughs that permeate the district, and from the settlers in different localities having sunk wells. I sank
holes in places which indicated- soft foundations, and invariably found clay from 18
inches to 2 feet from the surface.
"I found both the banks of Fraser Eiver, and of the sloughs along which I would
propose to build levees, most favourable, as far as foundation and material for construction is concerned. The subsoil of the whole valley, as far as I could gather, was also good,
there being a substratum of stiff clay underlying the top vegetable mould; and I could
find no foundation for the report that Fraser Eiver water seeped through an underlying
stratum of loose material, and so found its way to the prairie.
"There are low spots of ground that, after the river subsides, hold water for a
considerable time, even until dried by evaporation, in fact I found several myself, and as
these were many feet above the level of Fraser Eiver, it demonstrates that the bottom
of these depressions must be of good water-holding properties. Mr. Miller, 1 may mention, has a well sunk in his flour mill, the water of which feeds his boilers. This is
within fifty feet of the Fraser bank; the water in it is not influenced by the rise or fall
of the river.
"Having satisfied myself on this point, I turned my attention to the Chilliwhack
Eiver. I had been informed by some of the old settlers, that it is only very recently
that Chilliwhack water has found its way to the Sumass District, that it was first
noticed three years ago, and has increased in volume each succeeding year.
" On visiting Vedder's Creek, through which the Chilliwhack water finds its way
into Sumass Lake, I found from the high water mark, pointed out to me by Mr. Vedder,
that at times a stream 200 feet wide and 12 feet deep, with a moderate current, flowed
through it. This at once convinced me that, unless the water could be returned to its
old channel or diverted from the Sumass District, it would be useless to enquire further
into the praticability of reclaiming this portion of the country. I therefore immediately
visited that part of the Chilliwhack Eiver where the break is said to have occurred.
"By looking at map No. 1, you will perceive that at the point where the Chilliwhack Eiver issues from the mountain, the original channel is dry almost as far as the
Skow-kale Indian Eanch, being blocked for a distance of over half a mile with drift
timber, packed tightly together, and bound with a deposit of gravel and sand, forming
a close, impenetrable dam. This has been the means of causing the water to find fresh
outlets, which it has done through Vedder's Creek, the Luck-a-kuck, and Atchelitz.
These last join the old Chilliwhack bed near its mouth; the former, as I have already
mentioned, bears its portion of the water into Sumass.
" On this, my first examination, I came to the conclusion that, although almost
impossible to open the original channel, it would be feasible, though very costly, to
make a new one, or utilize either the Luck-a-kuck or Atchelitz.
" With this impression I commenced the survey for the levees, as recommended by
the petitioners for the reclamation of the district. One shewn on Plan No. 2, as Levee.
No. 1, from Chilliwhack Mountain to the eastern end of Miller's Mountain, is 5,478 feet
in length, with an average height above the ground of 8 feet 7 inches, 6 feet top, slopes
of 2 to 1 on the water side and 1J to 1 on the land side, containing 48,805 cubic yards.
Three flood-gates would be necessary in this levee, where it crosses the different streams,
as shewn on plan.
"A second levee (No. 2) from the western end of Miller's Mountain to the Sumass
Mountain is 6,636 feet in length, with an average height above the ground of 14 feet,
6 feet top, same slopes as No. 1 Levee, containing 124,909 cubic yards; the only gate
required would be in the Sumass Eiver. This presents the most formidable part of the
undertaking, and would require a special survey, as careful borings should be made
before the work was entered upon to determine the nature of the foundation for the
gate. 1 had not the appliances with me to make that test, neither am I aware of their
being in the Province.
"A third levee (see Plan No. 1) will be necessary from the eastern end of Chilliwhack Mountain, near Mr. Forsyth's house, to a point on the opposite side of the valley
where the high ground rises to the height of Fraser Eiver freshets, two miles in length, 272 Report of Public Works. 1876
with an average height of 6 feet above the ground; 6 feet top; slopes, 1J to 1; containing 53,972 cubic yards.
"1 have shewn an alternative line, on Plan No. 1, by a red dotted, line, which might
possibly be as cheap as the last just mentioned. It would start at the same point, following the bank of the Atchelitz to a point near the Indian Eeserve, where it would
cross, and in a distance of 6,580 feet reach high land. This line would entail a gate in
the Atchelitz, and would be the means of reclaiming a few more acres.
" These, with a gate at the mouth of McGillivray's slough, are the works, if properly
carried out, that would secure Eeclamation District No. 2 against the Fraser freshets;
and, as far as this part of it goes, is only a question of labour and money.
"The next point to be considered (provided Chilliwhack water is returned to its old
or a new bed) is, will the water in the several small streams running into Sumass Lake
be sufficient to inundate this district when the flood-gates would be closed during the
very high water of Fraser Eiver? As I pointed out before, the Noot-sack (or, as it is
sometimes called, York's Creek) is the only one of any size. It takes its rise on low
ground, some 15 miles from where it empties into the lake. This stream is invariably
at its highest in the autumn, being affected by the rains. After the snow has disappeared in the spring, which takes place before the Fraser freshet, it becomes of small
dimensions.
"Besides it there is Vedder's Creek, which, prior to the break of the Chilliwhack,
was a very insignificant stream. It derives its supply from springs at the base of the
mountain between Sumass Lake and the Chilliwhack, and in the summer months was
almost dry.
"Lewis Creek is another small stream which drains from the swamps into the lake;
and there are other small mountain streams that find their way to the same place on its
south and western sides, but altogether would not raise the lake as fast as evaporation
would reduce it.
"Of course, all these streams vary in volume according to the season. Any measurements taken at the time I was there would have been useless. What 1 do know, however, is that our dry season is at the time of the Fraser freshets, when all these streams
are at their lowest.    I enclose a table shewing the rain-fall.
"Should it, however, be found that the back water would interfere with the success
of the enterprise, a cheap system of pumping might be introduced. I therefore, with
much confidence, give it as my opinion that it is practicable to reclaim this district.
"During the progress of my survey and inspection of this work, I found that a
strong feeling was entertained with regard to the diversion of the Chilliwhack water;
and as this is a difficulty which has to be met, I gathered all the information I could
collect on that subject, and beg to submit it for your consideration.
"In the first place, the Sumass settlers contend that, as it is only within the last
few years that the Chilliwhack water has found its way into their district it should be
returned to its original channel. On the other hand, the settlers of the Chilliwhack
hold that a small channel has always existed between these two places. I endeavoured
to obtain, from Indians, information on this point, and I found their evidence as contradictory as the white settlers.
" The Chilliwhack Indians who live on the Skow-kale fianch, and who were formerly
flooded by the freshets of the Chilliwhack, are most anxious that the water should not
be returned to the old channel. They say, a channel has always existed between Chilliwhack and Sumass, and I was told by one that an old Indian was still alive who is said
to have travelled in a canoe from Sumass Lake to the present break, but I was not
shewn the old man. The Sumass Indians, who are not directly interested, deny that
Chilliwhack water came to Sumass until lately.
"This is the sum and substance of their testimony, and 1 have only to add that upon
an examination of the channel, through which the water is borne to Vedder's Creek, I
found that it had every appearance of being lately very much increased in size. The
fresh fallen trees, undermined by the water, convinces me that a very extensive break
has taken place within the. last few years; whether there has always been a small
channel that way or not it is impossible for me to judge.
"Some years ago, when the old channel commenced to block, and when the bulk of
the Chilliwhack water was flowing through it, and but little down the Luck-a-kuck, the
settlers on the latter branch commenced to chop out the drift in the old channel, fearing
that should the whole body of the Chilliwhack come their way their farms would be destroyed. The Indians on the Skow-kale, appreciating the benefit it would be to them
to divert the water from, their doors, are reported to have fallen large quantities of trees
above the point commenced to be cleared by the settlers; and some say that old chopping can be seen near the Sumass break, to help the water in that direction. Whether
that is correct or not I cannot say; but when the winter freshets came, which the last
two years have been very severe, a complete, tight dam was the result.
" The water consequently had to find fresh outlets. This it did, as I stated before,
through the Luck-a-kuck, Atchelitz, and Vedder's Creek. The Luck-a-kuck, I should
say, now carries half the Chilliwhack water; the other half (with the exception of a
little that finds its way into the old channel near Skow-kale) is divided between the
Atchelitz and Vedder's Creek.
"From the amount of valuable land that has been swept away since the Luck-a-
kuck received its addition, I think great damage would have been done if the Chilliwhack
waters had not been so distributed, as at that time the channel was very small. A short
time ago, the Luck-a-kuck could be crossed at Mr. Wells' house on a 30 foot pole, now
its width must be over 200 feet, with a depth of 18 to 20 feet. This portion of the district, a few years ago, was very wet and boggy, but by removing a dam, at what was
called the Luck-a-kuck Falls, the water cut a deep channel for itself, and drained it.
" This is the channel which runs most direct from the mountain to the Fraser, and
is the one I should suggest making use of to carry the whole of the Chilliwhack water.
" On my mentioning my views to Mr. Wells, who resides on the Luck-a-kuck, he
stated that he was most anxious to see the Sumass reclaimed; but he argued that, after
the old channel changed its course, half the water came his way, causing him great
inconvenience and loss, and he did not see why he should be compelled to take the
balance, as it would be the means of ruining his farm, and would certainly carry away
the protection works he had built along the banks.
"I have no doubt Mr. Wells spoke feelingly on the subject, for it is very easy to
see that he as well as others in that vicinity have suffered considerably from the water.
I assured him that the Government would not do an injustice to any settler.
"The clearing out of the Luck-a-kuck, and turning the water into that channel, will
be a very expensive undertaking. 1 inspected it closely, following it up on one side
and down on the other.
"From a short distance above Mr. Wells' house to the mountain, the channel is
almost covered with fallen timber of the largest size—cedar, fir, pine, and maple,—and
as the banks are continually washing away, undermining fresh ones, and altering the
channel, the bottom is studded with the roots of these giant trees, thus forming a succession of dams, one lot forcing the current against one side of the creek, and others
throwing it back.
" To carry out this work successfully, it would be necessary to commence clearing
out the channel of the Luck-a-kuck near the present bridge, and so work upwards until
the break near the mountain is reached, making the channel as direct as possible. Some
of the trees might be placed and secured in a favourable position to protect the banks,
but the majority would have to be removed from the bed of the creek. This should be
done under the superintendence of a responsible party, who thoroughly understands
the work.
"As a rule, when an individual finds his bank is being carried away by the sudden
rising of a stream, he erects works to throw the water off from himself, not considering
what its effect might be on the opposite bank, and thus causes equal damage to that
which is sought to be prevented.
"The whole volume of the stream should be directed into a mid-channel, where it
will cut a deep bed for itself; this will keep it from running against the bank and
tearing away the land.
"Before closing my remarks on this subject, I may state that, if it is the intention
of the Government to keep that portion of the waggon road open from Sumass Lake to the
Luck-a-kuck, something must be done to divert the Chilliwhack water from the Sumass,
as it is that which has caused the breaks on that section of the road; and I presume
you have the report of the road superintendent on that point.
" Also that unless the Chilliwhack water is confined and kept to one channel, no
farm on the Chilliwhack is safe, the banks of that stream are so low near the jam that
a freshet might at any time turn the water over the most unexpected point.
" With reference to Eeclamation District No. 1 situated between. Cheam Mountain and the Atchelitz, and which includes the 4,000 acres applied for by Messrs. A C and D
Wells, I find it does not present the same facilities for keeping the water of the Fraser
out that District No. 2 does.
'< In the first place the banks of the Eiver, from Cheam Mountain for some distance
down are very light and gravelly, and I doubt whether material to construct a tight
levee could be obtained without great cost.
" It has been suggested that a dam thrown across the head of Hope slough would
help that portion of the District bordering on its banks, but I fail to see that it would
answer the expectations of its advocates, as a short distance below Hope slough, another,
called Camp slough, of almost equal capacity', leaves the Fraser, joining Hope slough
about three-fourths of a mile from its head. This of necessity would require a dam, and
as the banks of the Islands in this vicinity are low they would require a levee.
" These darns if built alone would be useless, as the water during extraordinary
freshets would find its way over the low banks of the Islands into Hope slough as before,
while at ordinary freshets the dams would not be necessary. I think however that on
the mainland, that is on the south bank of Hope slough, a levee in some of the low places,
if built, might be of some service to settlers in that neighbourhood.
" The portion of this District applied for by Messrs. Wells I have already reported
on. It only remains for me to give you my ideas of how the work should be carried out,
with an estimate of its probable cost.
" The work of building the levees should be commenced by removing all the vegetable mould, fallen timber, roots, &c, from its site, and thus not only ensure a tight
foundation, but its base being two feet below .the surface of the ground, it will be
supported by a shoulder or prop of earth behind it ; this will prevent sliding and will
render it solid and immovable.
" The dimensions of the levee will vary with the inequalities of the ground. I should
recommend that the slopes on the side exposed to the water should be two feet of base
to one of height, and a slope to the land of one and a half of base to one of height.
" The slope to the water should be covered with turf, the grass from the Prairie
would answer admirably, and is the best of all materials on which waters roll without
doing damage.
" The points where the levees butt on the mountains would require to be constructed
with great care, and their junctions protected with brush and rocks, or some other artificial defence.
" Three gates would be required at Levee No. 1, the one on Wilson's Creek being the
largest.
" In Levee No. 2, the only gate necessary will be in Sumass Eiver, and, as I mentioned
before, would require a careful survey to determine the nature of the foundation upon
which to build the walls of the gate. They should be of solid masonry. The height of
these walls will be 40 feet above the bottom of Sumass Eiver. What depth below that it
will be necessary to go depends on further examination.
" Solid rock appears on the face of the mountain close to the Eiver, and may possibly
cross at no great depth, but under any circumstances it will be very costly.
" In the levee near the Atchelitz three small gates will be required, as well as one
at the mouth of McGillivray's slough.
" Besides these works it would be advisable to secure the bank of Fraser Eiver at
Miller's Landing.
"For the last ten years this has been continually crumbling away. An expenditure
of a few thousand dollars, with the aid of a good pile driver, would save it going any
further.
" The levees should be commenced as soon as the Fraser falls, and completed before
the succeeding freshet. This would probably be a difficulty here where labour is so
scarce, but a half finished work having to face high water would certainly be greatly
injured, possibly swept away.
"Every care should be taken to guard against the possibility of future breaks from
defective work or the want of close watching ..for a time after the completion of the
levees.
" Settlers would crowd into this district if the land was reclaimed, and where one
home now stands, covering in some instances 1200 acres, there would possibly be a dozen,
making it one of the most valuable and thriving in the Province. A break then in the
levee would cause universal ruin and destruction. 40" Vic.
Report of Public Works.
275
" Below you will find an approximate estimate of the work :—
Levee No. 1   124,909 cubic yards.
Levee No. 2     48,805 „
Levee No. 3     53,972 „
227,686 cubic yards.
Five Flood Gates $
Sumass Gate	
Improvement to Chilliwhack Eiver	
Miller's Landing	
" I have &c,
(Signed) "Edgar Dewdney.
" To the Honourable 67.  Vernon,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, British Columbia."
TABLE
Shewing depth of Eain for the year 1862, taken at the Royal Engineer
Camp, New Westminster.
Month.
Inches.
Days.
Extreme fall.
3.480
5.727
5.830
2.345
3.415
2.760
2.709
2.930
1.625
4.605
4.050
7.990
9
8
17
14
13
10
12
8
9
10s
7
March	
May	
1 2T6
Report of Public Works.
1876
Shewing depth
TABLES
of Eain for the years 1873,
New Westminster, by A. P
1874, and
eele, Esq.
1875, taken at
1873.
Month,
Inches.
Days.
Extreme fall.
0.17
9.77
3.61
1.87
3.91
0.81
1.00
0.37
2.51
11.61
7.02
16
14
20
18
6
8
6
9
17
13
1 35
.62
.48
1.41
.47
.34
.13
.52
2.00
2.50
1874.
13.95
9.62
6.09
3.46
3.70
2.31
0.93
2.24
3.70
0.73
7.65
7.04
24
22
14
12
13
12
11
12
14
4
17
21
1.54
1.74
1.80
.73
1.00
.66
.45
.73
.94
.65
2.57
1.65
1875.
4.52
4.05
11.42
2.46
7.13
0.79
0.03
0.08
8.80
10.61
8
11
8
17
:::::: }
29
18
18
28
2
1.00
.75
2.15
0.75
1.05
Incomplete.
0.02
0.04
3.18
1.41
17.06
2.39
■ aansHH
TWl
PLAN
SHOWING LANDS ON THE EAST SIPEOFSUMASS LAKE
INUNDATED BYRISEOF FRASER RIVER 1876
AM D
POSITION OF PROPOSED LEVEES
TO RECLAIMTHESAME.
$ CA L £T.
.
iipPfMp
111111118 I & Wi
Mmmm?: m
NOWBLL
31
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s^,,,\> i«....,,.ii//,/v;xo";1„/,„-%IlMii
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ill,
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\    ,llo
BUSS
/. /
UmpRITTQN.fitit CO. £ i mma
I
7T0
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<J>
f
1
i
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V
mi hi
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sumas$?^mount/i/n'z
 p^^H
662>i
MILLER'S LANDING
AM||,   •
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,FLOURW^MILL
5*18
PjgJPiPl f^P«^0S«}^ Sip $ r :
''> />/>//,. *">'^ 7//'A' »'*,» »N%\^^'- /^/V/*1 ^"'V"
P R' O P 0 S   E\D
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s  m   v.'' Warn, wm
\ > " '  V, '•- »f l
CHILLIWHACK   MOUNX"
^^Hhfcs
m
y/n
PtAK
OF
^x
PROPOSED LEVEES BETWEN THE
1
CHILLIWHACK A SUMASS MOUNTAINS
jMm^
Scale 800 tl to 11nch.
L
w        "^^^   A>   ^J^^
HIM Il^pl
nBHTf h
Aff
Us   > II\\N\nX
UTI<.pF(iTTON,REY& CO.S.F. INT? 3
CHILL/WHACK
MOUNTV
LEVEL OF PROPOS ED LE V E E
H. W.M.I 876.
LEVEL OF FRASER RIV* Ocr*S6T» 1876.
HEI6HT OF EMBANKMENT ABOVE
SURFACE OF GROUND.
T-*BLCMOULD
N?l.
•ft « «T
|Ebf7IfM,VO *££TBl-LOWB.M HWHIM7ER MA.WK CHILlf WH Ad fM(71/A*TA ///.
N?2.
LEVEE H°. I.
«o ^
«o «n
fci
N?3.
« R ?
°i Si 5
SECTSONofP/?oPDS£DLEVEES
SUMASS.   II
/"'•'-••••,
MILLER'S MOUNTAIN.
H.W.M.I875.
LEVEL OF SUMASS LAKE OCWUVffltt
§ 9
■CGlTflBLE MOULD
N?4-
N?5.
LEVEE N? 2
YE6ETABLE MOULD.
N?6.
SUMASS
MOUNT
s    s;
«        «        *>
!P * yS *
LITH.B%I7T'QM.F(E)'& CO.S.F. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 277
Yale-Cariboo Waggon Road.
With reference to the Yale-Cariboo Eoad, I have the honour to report that the
necessity of maintaining this thoroughfare in a proper state of repair being of acknowledged importance, I deemed it advisable to dispatch an experienced engineer last spring
to carefully inspect and ascertain the practicability of raising the road, and the probable
cost of such work. He was instructed to pay, particular attention to that portion
between Yale and Cook's Ferry, which is liable to be inundated at certain stages of the
water, as the large annual expenditure the maintenance of this portion involves is a
serious burden upon the resources of the Province.
The report of Mr. Mahood, C. E., is herewith submitted :—>
" Victoria, January, 1877.
" Sir,—In pursuance of your instructions, 1 have made a survey and examination
of the Yale-Cariboo Waggon Eoad,—particularly the section between Yale and Boston
Bar, certain portions of which are overflowed at the high stage of water in Fraser Eiver
—and have also noted places on the other sections where alterations may be made with
advantage to the general traffic over the road; and beg to report on these points as well
as on the general condition of the road.
" With regard to the first section, between Yale and Boston Bar, I find that the
water of the Fraser Eiver rose this year, in the months of June and July, to a height
never before known, and to a depth of about 8 feet above the highest recorded flood,
which last happened in the year 1871.
" The water, this year, commenced to overflow the road about the 1st June, and by
the 10th all freighting over that part was suspended.
As, in these overflowed places, the current is as rapid as in other parts of the river,
the consequence was that a great part of the road bed was washed out, also retaining
walls and bridges; so that when the water subsided, which was about the 1st July,
traffic could not be resumed until the road was repaired; and although a large force
was employed, and the utmost energy shewn, it was the end of the month before heavy
teams could be got over.
" The effect of the flood, and the consequent interruption of traffic at that season of
the year, was most damaging to the interests of the country.
"At the time when the water first rose, but comparatively few teams had got
started out from Yale and fairly over the breaks. A large number got caught at Yale,
or a few miles out; and as feed is scarce in that vicinity, the stock suffered a great deal.
The other teams, that were on their way down, laid over at Cache Creek, Lytton, and
other places.
" In the meantime, business was at a stand-still. All descriptions of goods and
supplies, farming and mining implements, and machinery were stored up in Yale, at the
very season of the year when they were most needed in the upper country; and
freighters were not able afterwards to make their usual number of trips, and were put
to a great deal of expense and hardship; the freight on goods was also necessarily
increased.
" Between the 4th mile post from Yale and the 20th, the road was submerged in
nine different places, varying in lengths from 500 feet to 2,850 feet, aggregating a total
distance of 9,168 feet or If miles nearly, with a depth of overflow of from 5 to 20 feet.
"With regard to the question of raising the grade of the road above the high water
mark of 1876, it must be taken into consideration that, in the places where the road is
lowest or the overflow deepest, the stone retaining walls are already very high, and
would not bear the weight of any additional superincumbent pressure, and especially
the shock of having masses of rock thrown down from above; consequently, an entirely
new road would have to be made on a new basis, and for a great part of the way blasted
out of the cliffs above.
" In some of the places, where the height is not great, portions of the old road may
be utilized, the inner half or solid part of the road bed serving to support the new
retaining wall or foot of slope.
" There are places, however, more particularly near the four mile post, and between
the seven and eight mile posts which were never overflowed before, where the depth of
water this year was from 3 to 8 feet; and where, in any case, the water stays up for
21 278 Report of Public Works. 1876
only a few days, that the cost of raising the grade would be greater than the profit of
the undertaking.
2gC y^ »p *T* *T^ *I* .j* *r* *K *f* *T*
" If the above estimate is considered large, it must be remembei'ed that the eleven
miles between Alexandra Bridge and Boston Bar cost $12,000 per mile, but that many
miles of that distance were very light work, whereas all these places where the grade
is low, occur on the most difficult portions of the road; in fact, if such were not the case,
in all probability in the original construction of the road the grade would have been
higher.
" The Bridge at Boston Bar, over Anderson Eiver, was carried away, the water
rising ten feet higher than level of floor of bridge. A new bridge has since been built,
sufficiently above freshet level, 452 feet in length, in spans of 50 feet, except the centre
span over channel, which is 70 feet. Trestles are nearly fifty feet high, well braced,
and the lower sill bolted on to piles driven in the ground, the whole thus having the
stability of a pile bridge. All the timbers are large and substantial, with long corbels
and underbracing.
" The embanked approaches at each end are carried back nearly 200 feet.
" The high water at this part of Anderson Eiver is caused by backing up of the
Fraser, and there is no current.
" While the bridge was building, a ferry was established by the road superintendent,
and after the water went down, a temporary bridge was built across the channel, so
that there was no delay to travellers from that cause.
"All breaks on this section, whether caused by the overflow, or from slips or slides,
or the natural decay of cribbing, have been repaired in the most efficient manner ;
generally stone walls taking the place of timber cribbing and bridging. Also, as far as
means would permit, projecting points are cut off, thus widening and straightening, and
making the sharp turns—which have always been one bad feature in the road—less
difficult; and by continuing this system a good road will eventually be had—the cost of
course will be great.
" This section will always be expensive to keep in order, owing to the great quantity
of snow falling in the canon, producing slides, bringing great masses of rock and earth
down the mountain sides, filling up the road or carrying it away; although new cribbing
or well built stone wall will stand the pressure; but it will always be better to substitute stone for timber whenever the latter needs renewing. In one or two jDlaces
stone copings have been built, and 1 would strongly urge the necessity of them, for
although considering the amount of travel, but few accidents have occurred by teams
going over the grade—still they have happened, some of them fatal, and are always
liable to occur, whereas stone coping, particularly in the more dangerous places, would
prevent them.
" Section No. 2, Boston  Bar to  Clinton, 110 miles.
" This section also suffered considerably from the freshet of both Fraser and
Thompson Eivers. It was overflowed at a place three or four miles from Boston Bar,
although the damage done was not very great. Siska Flat Bridge was carried away by
the mountain torrent, which rose and fell in one night. The bridge was immediately
rebuilt, and the central span increased about ten feet, which will place it out of similar
danger in the future.
" The principal damage was done on the Thompson, between Lytton and Cook's
Ferry, a good deal of the road and cribbing being carried away. If thought expedient
to do so, this part of the road can be raised more easily than that on the lower section,
as the cribbing can be raised, and the excavation would be earth and gravel principally.
" No part of the road was overflowed above Cook's Ferry.
" At Spence's Bridge the Thompson rose, with an extremely swift, strong current,
almost to the stringers, and when the current struck the piers the spray was dashed on
to the floor of the bridge. There was a great deal of vibration, and the bridge was
hourly expected to go, but, although many of the piles are badly used up, it stood in a
wonderful manner. With new piles (which are being put in this winter) the bridge
will stand for many years.
"From Cook's Ferry to Clinton the road has been in good order and required very
little repairs this summer. 40 Vie. Report of Public   Works. 279
" Below Cook's Ferry the breaks were repaired in the most prompt and efficient
manner, and the road is in excellent condition.
" There are several places on this section where alterations, to avoid some very bad
hills, should be made. The advantage gained would soon repay the outlay. It is as
necessary to have a good grade as to have the road bed in good condition. If, in addition to being in good condition, the grades are moderate, travellers and freight can be
carried over the road in quicker time, and at less cost, and less risk. If more freight
can be carried in the same time, it can be carried at a less charge, and yet leave abetter
profit, and the benefit would be felt by all.
"I have estimated only on some of the worst places in the road, those which have
been a source of complaint ever since the road was built, and which can be remedied
most easily:—
" 1st.—Tilton Creek Hill, near 40 mile post.
2nd.—Jackass Mountain, 42nd to 45th mile post.
3rd.—Four Mile Hill, 61 mile post.
4th.—Oregon Jack Hill, 91        „
" The first mentioned, Tilton Creek Hill, is a steep, difficult, and dangerous hill for
teams cossing from either direction, it is also very crooked, being on the south side of
creek in the shape of an ox-bow, with very sharp and dangerous turns. This bill could
have been avoided altogether, and the road made nearly straight and level, and the
distance shortened materially, for less than the present road cost.
" The alteration would consist of grading approach to the creek on the south
from top of hill 200 feet, crossing the creek a few yards above present bridge at the
mouth of small canon, a natural site for a bridge of 50 feet span (same span as present
bridge), the rock forming a natural abutment, and on a level with top of hill, south side,
then 1,050 feet of side hill grading and cribbing (the same description of work as present
road) until, keeping a slightly rising grade, the present road is joined at the top of hill
north side of creek.
" Jackass Mountain.
" I have already reported to you on a previous occasion in detail respecting this
place.
"As I mentioned in my previous report, there will be no difficulty in carrying a
road around on a nearly level grade, crossing the foot of the bluff at an elevation of 100
feet above the river, the present road at the same point being 1000 feet above the river.
" New road would commence at 42J miles, at the foot of the bill, and end at 45
miles.    Distances would be—
" 5,900 feet across flat,
3,450    „ „ bluff,
500    „ „ gravelly bank,
3,200    „ „ flat.
" This hill is well known as one of the worst on the road, and costs a great deal of
money every year for repairs; also, to keep it open in winter. Every snow storm completely fills it up, so that the face of the mountain resumes its original slope, entirely
blocking travel.
" In carrying the road below, this is avoided. The road once built will be permanent, and the expense of repairs moderate, as all but the 3,400 feet across the foot of
bluff being over flats, requiring neither bridges nor cribbing, and entirely free from
snow slides.
" The cost of new road I have estimated at * * * and the work should be done
by the road superintendent, and not by contract.
"Four Mile Hill
"Commences at near 61 mile post, at about four miles above Lytton, and is a very
difficult and dangerous hill, especially in the fall and spring when there may be ice on it.
It has several sharp turns. 280 Report of Public Works. 1876
" Alteration would commence at foot of hill, follow it around on a level grade, in fact
would follow nearly the line of an old water ditch. Length of alteration, 3,500 feet;
slope of hillside, 40°; no rock excavation.
" 7,000 cubic yards earth, $
3,500 lineal feet cribbing.
"Oregon Jack Hill.
"This commences at 91 mile post, and rises with a steep ascent for three miles,
thence undulating ground and some steep pulls to about 100 mile post. Alteration
would commence at 914 miles, and follow on a level grade and for the greater part of
the way on a natural roadway, joining the present road at 102 mile post, a distance of
11 miles.
" I have estimated the cost approximately at    *    *
"Clinton to Soda Creek.
"On this section there are no large bridges nor hevay side-hill work, cribbing, &c,
and as being away from the large rivers it is out of danger of floods, and the road is not
liable to be carried away, the worst feature being soft, boggy places, which make teaming very difficult in the fall of the year and after rainy weather. These are, however,
being gravelled over and the road made good.
" That part through the 'Green Timber,' from 70 mile to 80 mile post, requires the
timber felled to a greater distance to admit sunlight, which will have the effect of drying
the road.
" About the worst feature on this section is the road over Carpenter's Mountain,
between the 150 mile post and Deep Creek. This is an extremely bad part in the fall,
winter, and spring, the ground being soft and boggy after rain, and the snow being very
troublesome, deep, and drifting in winter. It will be an expensive and difficult matter
to put this in permanent good order.
"Instead of adhering to this route the road should be altered, as I have before
reported to you ; leaving present road at Felker's, 144 mile post; thence to Mission San
Jose; thence around north side of Williams Lake to Hawko's Eanch, from which there
is a road already built to Soda Creek.   Distance from Felker's to Hawke's, 28 miles.
" There is not a hill in the distance, except nearing Soda Creek, and even that is
better than the present road on the same part of it. The road would be over dry ground
and would not be liable to be impeded by snow.
"The cost of repairs on Carpenter Mountain for a few years would build a good
road by this route.    The saving in distance would be about 1J miles.
"Some work has already been done on a road between the Mission and foot of
Williams Lake, and generally the work throughout would be light.
"A good deal of work has been done on this section this year, and very well done.
A great many small boulders and stones have been removed from road-bed; also gravelling done and culverts renewed, and the road is in very good condition.
"Soda Creek to Quesnellemouth.
"This section was in very fair condition early in the season, and has been under
very efficient management this summer.
"Contract System.
" With regard to the system of keeping the road in repair by contract, 1 think it is
highly undesirable that it should be continued, at least on this road. There is nothing
to be gained by it and everything to lose.
"If the road requires certain labour on it which will cost more than the contractor
is receiving, he cannot be expected to do it; yet the public should not suffer by the road
being allowed to get in bad order.
"Again, if less than that amount is required, a corresponding saving is effected.
" In any case, the Government can do the work as cheaply as a contractor, and
certainly in a better manner.
" The road from Clinton to Lillooet, which was kept in very good condition- this
summer, is perhaps an exceptional case, as there  being  but little travel and no heavy 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
281
teaming to wear it out, it requires but a moderate amount of repairing, at least until the
timber crib-work of the turntables of Pavilion Mountain break down, which are, however, fast decaying.
" In conclusion, I think it is nothing more than proper that I should mention the
road superintendents, to whose watchful care, energy, and efficiency it is due that this
great Trunk Eoad is kept in as good condition as it is. Most of them have been on the
road since its first construction; know thoroughly its character and requirements, and
its weak points; and only require sufficient means at their disposal to be able to keep
the road in first-class order. I have, &c,
(Signed) " Jas. A. Mahood.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
o/ Lands and Works."
This year the trunk road has been separated from the Districts of Yale, Lillooet,
and Cariboo, and kept as a distinct work. It has been divided into sections nearly
similar to those heretofore adopted, viz.:—
Section 1.—Yale to Boston Bar     25 miles.
„      2.—Boston Bar to Clinton   Ill    „
„      3.—Clinton to Soda Creek    130J „
„      4.—Soda Creek to Quesnellemouth     58    „
„      5.—Quesnellemouth to Cameronton     60    „
On account of the severe damage done to this road from causes already referred to,
I regret that the amount appropriated for keeping it in repair has been consideraby
exceeded.
The following repairs have been carried out:—
Section 1.—Yale to Boston Bar.
N. Black, foreman, at $130 per month.
Month.
January...
February
March ....
April
May
June
Nature of Work.
Shovelling snow, and keeping road open 5 ft. wide
Do. do. do. do.
Grading 260 yards, 18 feet wide	
1 bridge,   8V feet long, 22 feet wide, 17 feet high.
1 „       132 „ 17 „ 16 „        ..
2 bridges repaired 	
Gravelling 462 yds., 10 to 18 ft. wide, 3 to 12 in. deep
Cribbing 201 feet, 1 to 14 feet high	
Stonewall 191 feet, 2 to 12 feet high 	
Grading 50 yards, 10 feet wide	
Gravelling  1,907 yards,   10 to 18 feet wide,  depth
from 10 inches to 12 leet	
4 bridges, total length 136 feet, 18 feet wide,  18 to
24 feet high	
1 culvert, 18 feet by 12 feet by 3J feet	
Cribbing, 111 feet, 7 feet high 	
Blasting, 330 feet, 9 feet wide, 12 to 16 feet deep...
Gravelling, 722 yds., 6 to 18 ft. wide, 6 to 18 in. deep
bridge, 48 feet long, 20 feet wide, 14 feet high ...
1 culvert, 18 feet by 28 feet by 12 feet	
Cribbing, 75 feet, 4 to 12 feet high	
Stone wall, 347 yards, 3 to 12 feet high	
General  repairs  between   17 and 25  mile posts,
shovelling out slides	
Gravelling, 1,257 yards,  12 to 18 feet wide,  10 to
12 inches deep 	
1 bridge, 80 feet long, 18 feet wide, 17 feet high ...
4 culverts,—40, 22, 22, and 18 ft. long; 18 ft. wide
Blasting, 90 yards, 18 feet wide, 6 to 10 feet deep..
Stone wall, 537 feet long, 4 to 8 feet high	
No. of Men.
56
6 Whites.
5 Indians.
, 18 Whites,
f   1 Chinaman
29 Whites,
4 Indians.
31 Whites,
1 Chinaman
29 Whites,
1 Chinaman
-336
Rate of Wages
per diem.
$ 1 50
69 to $3 00
1 66  to   3 00
• 618
■ 716
-724
1  50   to   2 69
1 66   to  3  00
2 69 to   3 00 282
Report of Public Works.
1876
Section 1.—Yale to Boston Bae.—Concluded.
Month.
July.
August.
September ,
October
November
Nature of Work.
Gravelling, 1,560yds., 18 ft, wide, lOto 18in. deep
3 bridges,  46,  49,  and 30 feet long,   18 feet wide,
from 9 to 22 feet high	
Stone wall, 914 yards long, from 4 to 11 feet high..
1 stone bridge, 120 feet long, 27 feet high, gravelled on top 	
Cutting bank for new road, 514 yards long; width,
7 to 8 feet; height, from 4 to 12 feet	
Grading, 116 yards, 12 feet wide	
Gravelling, 988 yards,  12 to 18 feet wide, 10 to 18
inches deep	
1 bridge, 80 ft. long, (temporary) over Anderson ck
1      ,,      144 feet long, 18 feet wide, 22 feet high...
3 culverts, 27, 18, and 18 feet long  	
Stone wall, 126 yards long, from 8 to 21 feet high..
Placing 3 guys on Alexandra Bridge   	
Grading, 47 yards, 16 feet wide	
1 bridge, 110 feet long, 17 feet wide, 20 feet high..
1     ,,        repaired,  re-covered, &c	
1 culvert, 22 feet by 18 feet by 4 feet 	
Cribbing, 62 yards; height, 13 to 18 feet  .....	
Stone wall; length, 30 feet; height, 12 feet	
Cribbing and walling filled in, 6 to 12 feet high,
with gravel; width, from 6 to 12 feet	
Anderson River Bridge: length, 687 feet; width,
18 feet; height, 49$ feet. Sills, 12 by 18 inches.
Posts, 14 by 14 inches.      Braces, 6 by 8 inches.
Ties, 8 by 10 inches.      Caps,  12 by  18 inches.
Corbels, 12 by 16 inches. Stringers, 12 by 18 in.
Work on Anderson River Bridge continued	
No. of Men,
Whites,
Chinamen
Whites,
Chinamen
Whites,
Chinaman
Whites,
Chinaman
Whites,
Chinaman
No. of
1239
271
575
482
}  357$
Rate of Wages
per diem.
66 to $3 00
$2 00
1 66 to  2 69
1 66 to  5 00
1 66  to  5 00
Section No. 2.—Boston Bar to Clinton.
Arthur Stevenson, foreman, at $130 per month.
Month.
June.
Nature of Work.
January .
February
March ....
April  ....
May	
Cutting ice and shovelling snow, clearing gravel
slides, &c, &c, &c	
Cribbing, 200 feet, 5 feet high 	
3 culverts, 30, 30, and 20 feet long	
Repairs to Spence's Bridge, clearing slides, &c	
Cribbing, 70 feet, 8 feet high	
Clearing slides of rock and gravel, and repairing
and keeping road open generally 	
1 bridge: length, 141 feet; width, 17 feet; height,
45 feet, divided into the following spans :—1 span
60 feet, trussed, 2 of 25 feet, 1 of 31 feet; stringers, 12 by 18 inches; corbels, 12 by 16 inches.
This bridge was very securely framed and braced.
Clearing approach to Lytton Bridge and clearing
Seward's road   	
Cribbing, 950 feet, 5 feet high  	
Do.        500   ,,      7        ,,        	
Clearing slides and widening road, &c	
Blasting: length, 40 yds., 12 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
3 culverts, 14 feet.by 3 feet by 2 feet   	
Cribbing, 200 feet, 6 feet high  	
1 bridge, 70 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 20 ft. high.
No. of Men.
\ 5 Whites.
\ 16 Whites.
23 Whites.
' 12 Chinamen
| 20 Whites
j 10 Chinamen
J
1
! 19 Whites.
f   9 Chinamen
26 Whites.
2 Chinamen
100
169
| 474
| 728
1604
}521J
Rate of Wages
per diem.
P2 69 to $3 00
2 12 to   4 00
2  12 to    3 50
2  12 to    3 85
2  12 to    3 85
2  12 to   3 85 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
283
Section No. 2.—Boston Bae to Clinton.— Concluded.
Month.
July.
August.
September,
Nature of Work.
Cribbing,   160 yards, 7 feet high 	
Do. 30     „      9        ,,        	
Do.        200     ,,      4        ,,        	
Do.        426      ,,      8        ,,        	
Stone wall 220      ,,      4$      ,,        	
Re-building Siskia Flat Bridge ; length, 100 feet;
width-, 15 feet; height, 22 feet 	
1 span, 60 feet, substantially trussed   	
1    ,,      24    „    	
1    .,      16    .,    	
Bridge at the 29 mile post re-built.    This structure
floated out, but all the timbers were saved	
From Nicomen to Spence's Bridge.
Cribbing, 1,813 feet, 6 feet high 	
Stone wall, 820    ,,    4$      ,,        	
General repairs, clearing gravel slides, opening
water-courses, &c, &c	
Cribbing, 590 feet, average height, 4 feet  	
25 cubic yards blasting   	
Removing gravel, cutting off point, 444 yards   ...
Clearing slides, &c , &c	
No. of Men.
60 Whites.
2 Chinamen
No. of
Days.
11238$
Rate of Wages
per diem.
1 12 to   3 85
Section 3.—Clinton to Soda Creek.
Eobert Carson, superintendent.
This section now comprises the two sections described in the Eeport of 1875 as
sections 2 and 3,—section 2 extending from Clinton to Bridge Creek, and section 3
from Bridge Creek to Soda Creek.
In the year 1874 a contract was entered into with Joseph Geske to keep section 2
in repair for a term of three years. This contract comprised keeping the roadway
in good repair, removing stones, filling holes with gravel, and renewing the surface
generally.
One of the worst places on this section is Bridge Creek Hill. The timber on this
portion of the road has been forest cleared to a width of 66 feet by Mr. Carson. It
is anticipated that this action will materially improve the road.
Mr. Geske's contract expires on the 30th June, 1877.
General Eepairs.—Bridge Creek to Soda Creek.
Gravelling 1,332 yards, 18 feet wide, 12 inches deep.
Do. 731     „      12       „ 8 to 10      „
Cribbing at Soda Creek Bridge, 180 feet, 15 feet high.
1 bridge, 25 feet long, 16 feet wide, 5 feet high.
Cutting ditches, 1,120 yards, from 1 to 3 feet deep.
Corduroy, 322 yards, 21 feet wide.
Do. 33     „      18       „
36 culverts, 24 feet long, sizes from 4 feet by 3 feet to 1 foot by 1$ feet.
This portion of the section was kept clear of slides, and repaired where necessary.
Several bridges were also strengthened, any faulty timbers being replaced.
Section 4.—Soda Creek to Quesnelle.
W. A. Johnston, superintendent.
General Eepairs.
Cribbing, 150 feet, 10 feet high.
Do. 60   „     6
Do. 75   „     4
Gravelling, 50 yards, 13 to 18 feet wide, 6 inches to 4 feet deep,
3 culverts, 18 feet by 3 feet by 4 feet, 284 Report of Public Works. 1876
1 bridge, 18 feet long, 18 feet wide, 5 feet high.
1      „       18       „ re-covered.
5      „      re-covered ; total length, 140 feet.
This section has been widened where required. The work of keeping the road
free from slides has been very heavy during the season.
Section 5.—Quesnelle to Cameronton.
W. A. Johnston, superintendent.
General Eepairs.
Cribbing, 455 feet, 3 to 11 feet high.
Gravelling, 366 yards, 10 to 14 feet wide, 5 to 12 inches deep.
45 culverts, 18 feet wide, from 1$ by 10 feet to 6 by 5 feet.
8 bridges, total length 130 feet.
Some considerable expense was incurred in the early part of the year in saving
Cottonwood Bridge; the cribbing being renewed, and the structure thoroughly
strengthened and repaired.
An unusual expenditure has been required, during the past season, to keep this
portion of the trunk road free from slides, &c, &c.
Yale Electoral District.
Roads and Bridges.
Contracts.
Section 1.—Kamloops-Nicola Valley Eoad.   From Kamloops to a point in Township
No. 105, Kamloops Division of Yale District; distance 13$ miles, more or less.
John Ussher, superintendent.
James Mcintosh, contractor, at $3,940.
Grading, 14 feet wide, entire length of section.
1 bridge, 52 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4 feet high.
1     „        54       „ 14        „ 4$      „
1     „      204       „ 14       „ 9        „
1     „        66       „ 14       „        22       „
A large amount of cribbing and blasting was found necessary on this section.
The work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Eipairs, Section 1.—Hope-Nicola Valley Trail.    Total distance, 20 miles.
George Landvoigt, superintendent.
James Mcintosh, contractor, at $1,439.
This section suffered severely from the unusual height of the spring freshets.
The work comprised building the following bridges, &c, viz. :—
Bridge No. 1,   15 feet long, 12 feet wide, 6 feet high.
2,
33
3,
25
4,
97
5,
73
6,
28
7,
28
8,
28
9,
100
10,
28
)?
11,
40
12   „
6
;>
12   „
6
,,
17  „
12
;?
12   „
16
1)
12   „
2$
)>
12   „
2*
12   „
2$
»
12   „
16
»
12   „
10
>)
12   „
8
)>
60 feet, double tr
uss
58  „
(1
52   „
1) 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 285
5 culverts, total length 50 feet, 10 feet wide, 2 to 3 feet deep.
Cribbing, 50 feet, 6 feet high.
Blasting, 20 feet, 6 feet wide.
Stone wall, 50 feet, 2 to 4 feet high.
Grading, 65 chains, 6 feet wide.
Clearing the trail of slides and trees, and other work, was embraced in this contract.
Eoad from Mission Valley to Coldstream.   Distance, 2$ miles more or less.
C. Brewer, superintendent.
Lawson & Lawrence, contractors, at $650.
This road has been constructed along the line surveyed by Mr. J. Jane, C.E., in 187 5.
Grading, 14 feet wide, the entire distance; constructing two bridges, &c, &c.
This work has been completed satisfactorily.
Eepairs, Hope-Similkameen Trail.
This work has been performed by day work.
George Landvoigt, superintendent.
Distance, 156 miles ; width, from 6 to 12 feet.
Grading, 2 miles, 6 feet wide.
Corduroy, 135 yards, 10 feet wide.
1 bridge, 90 feet long, 12 feet wide, 12 feet high.
22 culverts ; total length, 176 feet; width, 6 to 12 feet; depth, 2 to 4 feet.
This trail was made thoroughly passable for pack-trains and animals.    A good
deal of work was required, shovelling out slides, repairing corduroy, &c.
The following work was also performed by Mr. J. Mcintosh, under verbal agreement, at $375.
George Landvoigt superintendent.
Building bridge at 3 mile creek; length, 48 feet.
Do. 4 „ „       71   „
This bridge has a main span of 48 feet, trussed.
1 bridge ; length, 68 feet.
Grading, 18 chains, and clearing roadway.
Eepairs, Section 5, New Westminster-Hope Eoad.
This section during the winter and spring freshets was seriously damaged, many
of the principal bridges being carried away, including that over Silver Creek.
1 herewith submit Mr. George Landvoigt's report on the state of this portion of
the trunk road on the 30th June, 1876 :—
" Hope, 30th June, 1876.
"Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that I have just returned here from an
examination of the waggon road between Hope and Popkum.
" The river is still too high to enable me to make even an approximate estimate of
the damage done by the flood. I fear, however, that a considerable addition to the
sum stated in my instructions will be required to repair the road in question.
" Five of the principal bridges have been much damaged. Two of them, 10 miles
below Hope, will have to be rebuilt; I have, however, been enabled to save all
the material. These bridges can probably not be constructed till about the middle
or end of August, when the river is low enough to make it possible to replace the
bents required, on a safe foundation. In the meantime, I shall make the sloughs
which are spanned by these bridges fordable and passable for cattle.
"The principal part of the bluff at Murderer's Bar will have to be rebuilt; parts
of it are still under water.
" The road below Jones' farm, for a distance of half a mile, near the three large
bridges, 10 miles below Hope, is covered with from three to five feet of water. It is
much to be regretted that the road in that vicinity, for a distance of about two miles,
was not constructed nearer the foot of the mountains, where it would have been
safe from inundation, and where the two sloughs, requiring two long bridges in unsafe positions, could have been avoided.    The long bridge over Eiver, 10 miles
below Hope, with two trussed spans, I am happy to say has so far escaped with
light damage. " The bridge over Hunter's Creek, about 6 miles below Hope, which was carried
off by the freshet in December last, should, to make it at all safe from future
freshets, be built in one span (80 feet), and not on bents as before.
"Two long bridges near Popkum, carried off by the same freshet, I think, should
be dispensed with, at least until the waggon traffic over the road becomes of more
importance. I have instructed the road party at work there to grade through those
streams, and make them passable for light waggons.      Very expensive structures
would be required over these water-courses, which are generally dry in summer,
and it is almost impossible to select sites that promise safety and permanency for
bridges.
*********
"I have, &c,
(Signed) "Geo. Landvoigt.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works."
As it was very improbable that any heavy teams would pass over this section, it
was deemed unadvisable to incur the heavy expenditure to rebuild the bridges
during the past season.
The road has been made passable for cattle, and may also be used as a sleigh road.
The following repairs have been carried out by day work, Mr. Landvoigt, superintendent :—
Grading, 12 yards, 12 feet wide.
Walling and cribbing, 430 yds, 3 to 8 feet high.
4 bridges ; total length, 55 feet; width, 12 feet; height, 2 to 4 feet.
This work also included blasting out a number of boulders, and constructing
approaches to fords where the large bridges had been carried away.
Eepairs, Nicola Valley Road.
William McCormack, superintendent.
This road was reported, on the 29th March, to be seriously out of repair, and
subsequently an expenditure of $1,000 was authorized to be expended in clearing
the road of slides, &c, &c.
After this work had been satisfactorily completed, Mr. McCormack reported, on
the 5th June, that the water in the Nicola Eiver had risen to a very unusual height
and damaged the road greatly, carrying away a large quantity of walling and
cribbing, the bridge over the 10 mile creek, &c, &c.
The road is now in good order.
Okanagan Eoad.
Keeping road clear of fallen timber, from Duck & Pringle's to Okanagan Lake.
John Pringle, contractor, at $200.
Savona's Ferry and Okanagan Eoad.
John Ussher, superintendent.
This road has been thoroughly cleared and repaired; it has also been widened
and otherwise improved.  .
Eoad from Cache Creek to Savona's Ferry.
John Ussher, superintendent.
General Eepairs.
Clearing slides, repairing bridges, &c, &c.
Eeport on Work placed under Contract during the year 1875.
Thompson Eiver Bridge.
A. Stevenson, superintendent.
James Mcintosh, contractor at $13,501.
This bridge has been completed in a substantial manner by the contractor, and,
accepted. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 287
Okanagan and Mission Valley Waggon Eoad.
Charles Brewer, superintendent.
Philip Parke, contractor,—
Section No. 1, at $ 11,000
Section No. 2, at      12,000
Total  $ 23,000
The contractor has completed this work in a most creditable manner; and the
road is one of the best on the Mainland.
Hope-Nicola Trail.—Section 2.    Distance, 14 miles.
George Landvoigt, superintendent.
James Mcintosh, contractor, at $11,850.    (Transferred from J. G. Todd).
This section has been accepted, completing the whole trail; and I am pleased to
state large bands of cattle have been brought through from the Nicola country
during the past season.
Hope-Yale Waggon Eoad.
Tierney & Hick, contractors, at $19,970.
This work has also been completed, and accepted.
The American Bar Creek bridge was carried away in the spring; the contractors
rebuilt this structure, and were allowed the sum of $1,200 for so doing. This sum
was paid on an estimate of Mr. Neil Black.
A further sum of $400 was allowed the contractors for repairing other damages,
on the portions of the road, caused by the spring freshets. This sum was also paid
on Mr. Black's valuation.
Cache Creek and Bonaparte Eoad.
John Craig, contractor, at $3,500.
Mr. Craig completed his contract during the past season, and the work was duly
passed.
Savona's Ferry.
As it was found impossible to let the right of ferriage across Thompson Eiver at
this point, although tenders were called for the service, arrangements were made
with Mr. James TJren to run the ferry for the term of one year, under a charter
dated the 5th October, 1876, paying him at the rate of $25 per month for working
the ferry, with authority to collect the usual tolls during that portion of the year
the river could not be crossed on the ice, the ferry rope, scow, and blocks being
provided by and remaining the property of the Government.
Lillooet Electoral District.
Buildings.
Court House, Clinton.
M. O'Connor, superintendent.
James Murie, contractor, at $2,985.
This building has been erected on a reserved lot, at the entrance to the town of
Clinton.
The main building is 41 feet by 26 feet, divided into a court room, 26 feet by 30
feet, 1 sitting room, 11 feet by 10 feet, 1 bedroom, 10 ft. 6 in. by 10 feet. Attached
are 4 cells, 4 ft. 3 in. by 8 feet; Judge's room, 10 feet by 11 feet; kitchen, 10 feet by
11 feet.
The court room is fitted with a suitable bench, clerk's table, counsels' table, jury
box, &c, &c.
.    The work is still in the hands  of the contractor, but the building is completed
with the exception of painting and a few minor details. 288 Report of Public Works. 1876
Eoads and Bridges.
Cayoosh Creek Bridge,
A. W, Smith, superintendent.
Murie & Maxfield, contractors, at $1,885.
Length of bridge, exclusive of approaches, 110 feet.
The creek is crossed in one span of 80 feet; width, 10 feet.
The bridge is supported on both sides with substantial crib abutments.
The 80 foot span is trussed.
Corbels, 10 by 14 inches; stringers, 10 by 14 inches; principals, 10 by 12 inches,
rise 8 feet; straining beams, 10 by 12 inches; suspension rods, 1£ inch; needle
beams, 10 by 12 inches; braces, 6 by 6 inches.
The bridge that formerly stood on nearly the same site was repaired early last
spring; and it was anticipated it was sufficiently strengthened to last for a year or
two longer, but tire sudden and unusual rising of the water in the creek, during the
past summer, swept the bridge entirely away.
This contract is not yet completed.
Bridge Eiver Bridge.
A. W. Smith, superintendent.
Murie & Maxfield, contractors, at $1,390.
Total length, 115 feet; width, 10 feet; built with one span, 62 feet in clear; with
two substantial crib abutments.
Corbels, 10 by 14 inches; stringers, 10 by 14 inches; principals, 10 by 12 inches;
straining beams, 12 by 12 inches; needle beams, 10 by 12 inches; suspension rods,
1\ inch; washers, 15 by 5 by | inches.
The old bridge at this site was also repaired in the spring, but the high water
carried it away.
This work is still in the hands of the contractors.
Eoad prom Kelly's to Big Bar Creek.
Eobert Carson, superintendent.
Joseph Haller, contractor, at $4,700.
Grading, 10 feet wide, distance 25 miles.
Ditches, 1 foot by 1$ feet.
Bridges, 12 feet wide.
This work had to be stopped on account of the winter setting in.
Eepairs to Eoad prom Canoe Creek to Dog Creek.   Distance 12 miles.
E. Carson, superintendent.
Cribbing, 484 yards, 3 feet high.
Clearing and widening road to 10 feet, distance 80 chains.
Constructing 22 chains new road.
General repairs, clearing slides and widening road, &c.
3 culverts, 12 feet by 4 feet by 1 foot.
Dog Creek Eoad.    Distance, 8 miles.
E. Carson, superintendent.
Cribbing, 176 yards, 4 feet high.
Grading, 4 miles 77 chains, 10 feet wide.
Eoad from Dog Creek to Alkali Lake.    Distance, 8 miles.
Grading sleigh road; length, 4 miles; 10 feet wide.
Cribbing, 900 feet, 3 feet high.
1 bridge, 24 feet long, 12 feet wide, 3$ feet high.
1      ii       20        „ 1.j        ,, 4 ,, 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 289
Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet Trail.
It has been constantly and earnestly claimed by the settlers in the neighbourhood
of Lillooet, and in the vicinity of Pemberton Meadows, that a good cattle trail from
Lillooet to either Howe Sound or Burrard Inlet (more particularly the latter, on
account of the greater facilities it affords for chartering steamers for the conveyance of
stock to the Victoria market) would be a great boon to themselves as a means of egress
for their herds of cattle. At the same time such an outlet, through the Cascade Eange
from the interior, would be taken advantage of by numerous other settlers not so conveniently located at the initial and intermediate points with proposed line of trail.
Some serious difficulties have presented themselves to the economical construction
of this trail, which consist principally of high, abrupt rocky bluffs on Seaton and Anderson Lakes. During the year 1873, the sum of $5,180 07 was expended in opening the
said trail by Mr. W. Sampson, who acted as foreman of a party, under instructions from
this Department. He constructed some 32 miles of trail on the south side of Seaton and
Anderson Lakes, and at the close of that season explored and reported on a route to
Burrard Inlet, estimating the distance at 134$ miles. [ Vide Public Works Eeport, 1873,
for details of work and expenditure].
In the year 1874, the sum of $10,654 03 was expended on this trail, under the fore-
manship of Mr. W. Sampson; but, on account of numerous difficulties, the trail was not
opened for travel during that season from Lillooet to the seaboard, although a large
quantity of work was performed thereon. [For details and outlays vide Public Works
Eeport, 1874].
During the year 1875, two parties were started for the purpose of endeavouring to
complete this trail; one under the command of Mr. Samuel Clay, who was instructed to
start from the Lillooet end and work towards Burrard Inlet; and the other in charge
of Mr. Alexander Jack, who was instructed to commence operations at Burrard Inlet
and connect his work with Mr. S. Clay's. These parties, together, expended a further
sum of $7,704 79, and still without achieving the desired result.
It will be seen from the statements, that a sum amounting in the aggregate to
$23,438 89 has been expended in endeavouring to open a passable trail from Lillooet to
Burrard Inlet.
Under the above circumstances,—viz., the difficulties to be overcome and the large
expenditure already incurred, without any practical result—it was deemed advisable,
before making any further large outlays, to have the route thoroughly explored by a
practical engineer.
Mr. Jas. A. Mahood, C.B., was therefore instructed to proceed and carefully examine
the line of the proposed trail from Lillooet to Burrard Inlet, and blaze a practicable line
for a trail, and obtain the necessary information to enable the department to carry out
the work by contract next season, provided the Provincial Legislature thought fit to
appropriate the requisite funds for the prosecution of the enterprise.
Mr. Mahood's report is herewith submitted:—
"Victoria, 21st December, 1876.
"Sir,-—In pursuance of your instructions to examine the state of the proposed cattle
trail from Lillooet to Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet, to ascertain the amount and character of the work done, and the amount of work required to complete it for traffic, I
proceeded to Lillooet and made a careful survey and examination of the whole line from
that point to Burrard Inlet; and beg leave to report as follows:—
" General Outline.
" The trail commences on the old waggon road from Lillooet to the foot of Seaton
Lake, at the junction of outlet stream of lake with Cayoosh Eiver,—a point about 2$ miles
distance from Lillooet, and one mile from Seaton Lake;—thence following the north side
of Seaton and Anderson Lakes; thence over the Pemberton Portage (old waggon road)
for a distance of twenty miles; thence, turning south-westerly, it crosses Jamieson Creek,
and to the Lillooet Eiver and Pemberton Meadows, about six miles further, crossing the
meadows at a short distance above the point where the Canadian Pacific Eailway Survey
line runs; thence following to within fourteen miles of Howe Sound, at which point work
was suspended,—the pack trail cut by the railway surveyors in 1873, for moving their
camp and supplies up from Howe Sound. 290 Report of Public Works. 1876
" The general course of the trail from the Pemberton Meadows being up the valley
of the Little Squamish Eiver, which it crosses at eight miles from the meadows; thence
for seven miles up the valley of outlet stream of the Green or Summit Lakes, the waters
of which empty both north and south; thence on west side of lakes, not following the
shore but keeping generally on the mountains; thence southerly, following generally
the outlet of lakes, to valley of Ckehakamus, following which to the Squamish Eiver;
which last is reached at about ten miles from the Head of Howe Sound.
"From Howe Sound to Burrard Inlet, at Moody and Nelson's saw-mill, the distance
is forty-two miles,—crossing a high divide, the summit of which is about twelve miles
from Howe Sound. The last twenty miles of this portion was built in 1875, but will
require a large amount of repairs to make passable.
"The distance from Lillooet to the head of Howe Sound is 122 miles, and the total
distance from Lillooet to Burrard Inlet is therefore 164 miles.
" Details of Route.
"As the waggon road is already built, and is a good, level grade from Lillooet to
the foot of Seaton Lake, the commencement of the trail should have been from that
point; all that was required being to build a bridge over the outlet stream, close to the
foot of lake, and repair or rebuild the bridge over outlet stream near its junction with
Cayoosh Creek, being 80 feet, in two spans; large rock in centre for pier, and every
material at hand. There is no current, and animals can ford it without swimming the
greater part of the season; extreme depth at high water 5 feet; length of bridge required
150 feet, in spans of 30 or 35 feet, carried on low crib piers.
" On the contrary, the trail begins one mile below foot of lake, and keeping on north
side of outlet stream it zig-zags up the mountain side 200 feet, then down again to flat
on the other side, with heavy work in blasting and walling;—the result, an expensive
piece of work, a difficult part of the trail to travel over, and a part of it that will be
carefully avoided by travellers as long as it is possible to ford the outlet stream at foot
of lake.
" From foot of lake, trail follows edge of lake, on north side, on a tolerably uniform
grade—in some places a sea-wall of cribbing. A good deal of blasting and rock work
done, also stone walling; trail, about 3 feet wide; the work done very well, and trail in
good order.
"At two miles from foot of lake there is a high bluff of rock, over which the trail
is carried, zig-zaging up and down to a height of 400 feet,—a very expensive piece of
work, principally of blasting and stone walling,—and owing to the steepness of the
grades and the sharp corners of the zig-zags a very undesirable place to travel over.
" Trail should have been carried along foot of bluff, the total distance across being
264 feet. An attempt was made to carry the trail that way by sinking cribs about eight
feet square, but being too small for the depth of water, and not adapted for'the shelving,
rocky bottom, they toppled over and floated off; and some of the cribs are now stranded
on the shore, near the old steamboat landing, at the foot of the lake. After a great deal
of time and labour had been expended the attempt was abandoned, and the following
year the trail was carried over the top of the bluff, as stated above.
"By making a simple truss bridge of 80 feet span over the deepest place, the balance
at each end can be filled in solid, with a cribwork face, brush, and loose rock and earth,
all the material being close at hand. The soundings shew a bench for the embankment
to rest upon at 10 feet out from the face of bluff, and in depth of water varying from six
to twenty feet. The accompanying sketches shew the longitudinal and cross section
taken at foot of bluff, and the manner of bridging and filling in.
"From this to the five mile bluff the trail is very good, except some occasional
cleaning out required.
" The five mile bluff is 4,000 feet across, but does not consist of a perpendicular
bluff of solid rock all the way across. On the contrary, there is a great deal of it which
would be extremely easy to build over,—only a small amount of blasting and walling
or cribbing being required.
"In fact, it seems that the original intention of the constructors of the trail was to
carry it in that way, as they built it in spots across wherever there was an easy place
to work; and also made the trail up to the bluff on the general average level grade on
each side, apparently, merely leaving the more difficult parts of the biuff to be finished
at some future time. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 2 91
"It appears then that, afterwards, the idea of constructing the trail across the bluff
on the low level was abandoned for some reason that does not appear particularly clear
to me, and instead it was carried up over the mountain top, attaining an altitude above
the lake of over 1,200 feet. As it was carried in the first place almost up to the edge of
the bluff, the ascent when the deviation commenced was necessarily very steep; and the
succession of zig-zags, something over twenty in number, were many of them very short
in length, and the turns very abrupt. The trail is virtually on the face of the bluff, and
very dangerous in that respect, as, for instance, in many of the exposed parts, if a person or animal should by any means—and such an accident is very liable—get over the
trail, nothing could save them from destruction.
"The descent on the western side is not so bad; although steep, there are only
three turns. .
"The work of carrying the trail over the bluff was very great, consisting of a great
deal of blasting and stone walling; and, in fact, comparing the measurements of the two
pieces of work, cost fully as much as would have been required to carry the trail on the
low level across foot of bluff—the proper place for it to have been taken in the first place.
" For the balance of the way, around Seaton Lake to Anderson Lake, the trail is
very good, miles of it being on a bench or natural roadway where very little work was
done or required.
"In some few places the banks have caved in, and a small amount of clearing is
required; but I should judge that two men in one week could do all the repairs necessary.
"Around Anderson Lake the trail is in very good condition, except where a little
clearing out is required, the amount of labour needed being about the same as on Seaton
Lake. Two bridges are however gone, which, until renewed, will completely block
traffic. The first is about midway of the lake, over a mountain stream, which has in
freshet a large body of water; span required, 70 feet, with heavy crib abutments. The
next is a mile further on, and has been built over the mouth of a stream as it empties
into the lake, and if rebuilt on the same site would require over 100 feet of bridging. I
therefore changed the site to a point about 50 yards up stream, where the banks are
sufficiently high to be above the overflow, and the span of bridge 25 feet, with no abutments required except ordinary mud-sills.
" From Anderson Lake the trail follows Pemberton Portage, which has been a very
good waggon road, but now fallen into decay it is not in a fit condition to drive cattle
over. All the bridges are rotten, and breaking down. At one place (17 miles from
Anderson Lake) a bridge has fallen down, owing to the bank at one end having washed
out; it is possible to cross at present, but as soon as the spring freshet comes the bridge
will certainly be swept away; present bridge, 33 feet span; new bridge required will be
50 feet span, ordinary mud-sills; plenty of timber for its construction on the spot.
" There are ten bridges required on the Portage, in various spans of from 8 to 30
feet; total length of bridging is 278 feet.    Also, required 200 feet of'corduroying.
"At Halfway Creek (16 miles from Anderson Lake) the channel of the stream has
turned and carried away a part of the road for a distance of 400 yards. A temporary
trail is carried around it, of which the first half can with little labour be made good
but the last 200 yards will require a new trail built along foot of slide of large boulders'
and above high water; 30 yards under face of bluff will be cribbed 3 feet high. The
location of the different points needing repairs, and the dimensions of bridges and corduroy, are given in accompanying field book.
"No work whatever, in connection with proposed cattle trail, has been done on the
Portage; but as a certain amount of work is absolutely required, in order to make it at
all passable, it would have been much better and more economical to have done it at the
time whilst working parties were on the ground.
" I will here mention, that one of the great defects I have found in the trail is, that
the work was carried on wherever it was easiest to be done, and generally anything
approaching a difficulty—a stream to be bridged, a bog to be corduroyed, or rock to be
removed—was passed by. Now, all these points will have to be done, or the trail is
virtually impracticable; and it is very evident that the cost of doing so will be very
much greater than if done at the time, on account of the time lost and expense incurred
in moving parties from place to place.
"At about 20 miles from Anderson Lake the trail branches off in a south-westerly
direction, and crosses Jamieson or Halfway Creek. A bridge had been built, but as it
was not high enough it was carried away by last spring freshet.    The abutment on east 292 Report of Public Works. 1876
side is gone, and the bank, exposed to the full force of the current, is fast wearing away.
It is not at all a suitable site for the bridge. The pier on west side, V shaped, is standing,
and also the approach to west shore, 30 feet span; but in the event of anew bridge
being built (and the stream is not fordable all summer) it should be placed about 30 yards
up stream, and in two spans of 50 feet each.' The present pier, now standing, can be
taken down and utilized for the new bridge. The old bridge was in two spans, of 65 and
30 feet each.
"Leaving Jamieson Creek the trail rises at once on to a bench, which it follows for
a mile and a half. This part is very stony, and altogether in an unfinished state; in one
place requiring 150 yards of corduroy, and a bridge, over stream, 25 feet span. Then,
crossing a spur of mountain with a moderate grade, descends into valley of Lillooet
Eiver and the Pemberton Meadows, and follows left bank of river, for about two miles,
to a point a few yards above where the Canadian Pacific Eailway Survey line crosses,
and being half a mile below Walter Burgess's house. On these two miles there are four
bridges, built over streams from 40 to 50 feet span each. The first of these bridges is
very well built, with substantial stringers and good strong cedar covering. The next
two must be rebuilt, as not calculated to carry any weight, and the covering being of
small alder and cottonwood.   The fourth bridge is somewhat better, but must be rebuilt.
"The point selected for crossing the Lillooet Eiver is very favourable, and animals
can be swum over without any difficulty.
"After crossing Lillooet Eiver, the trail is carried up on the right bank for half a
mile, as far as Burgess's house; then turns southerly across the Pemberton Meadows;
in 200 yards cross a slough having a bridge built 50 feet span. This 200 yards should
be ditched on each side, say ditches 12 feet apart; grading, 8 feet wide. Thence for 800
yards down meadows to upland. As the present trail is laid the whole distance will
have to be corduroyed as the great part is a quagmire, which never dries up, and the
rest of the way is subject to overflow. This part should be altered, and I marked a new
line with that view, commencing at bridge over slough and crossing directly to upland,
in prolongation of line from Burgess's house, the distance on prairie is 12 chains, of
which 4 chains will require corduroying; thence following lower edge of upland for
30 chains.
"From this point, on as far as work has been done, the railway pack trail has been
followed. This railway pack trail, when being made, had been pushed through as fast
as possible,—the sole aim and object being to move up the camp as fast as the line could
be run,'—and without any thought of a future permanent trail; consequently, as there
was no time for exploring, it was carried wherever promised the least work or delay—
in many instances over the mountains, making very long and tedious ascents and descents,
and very crooked.
" In constructing the present trail, the old railway trail would in any case be of
great value as a means of getting in supplies and affording the person constructing
facilities for thoroughly examining and exploring the country ; but, as the general
character of the country between Pemberton Meadows and Howe Sound is extremely
favourable as regards grades, &c, for the construction of a trail, or even a waggon
road, it seems in my opinion that the railway pack trail should only have been followed
in such places as were adapted for a good and permanent trail; and whilst perhaps
it.would not now be advisable to make any extensive alterations in the route, still there
are several places where it should be changed.
"At one mile from meadows cross stream, which can be forded in summer, being at
low stage of water, 30 feet wide, but overflows 90 feet. Bridge of that length required,
5 feet high. Thence to 6 mile creek, trail in good condition ; two bridges, 10 feet each,
required. At 4 miles, however, the trail rises up a steep hill with zig-zags, then falls to
bench ; descent not so steep on south side ; but the trail might as well have been carried
around base of hill on a level grade. The expense of building would have been less and
the distance shortened. 1 marked alteration on the ground. Length of alteration half
a mile.    At 6 mile creek there is a good bridge built.
"At Little Squamish Eiver (8 miles from meadows) a bridge has been commenced.
A substantial abutment, 12 feet by 25 feet, 11 feet high, stands on the north side, and
two stringers, 59 feet long, are on the ground ; also a good deal of covering ready.
This bridge is very necessary, and should be built to make the trail practicable.
" Thence, about three miles, to a little lake and swamp, which empties into Little
Squamkh Eiver, and affords good feeding ground. Considerable fallen timber on^this
part of trail. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 293
" Thence to north end of First Summit Lake (a distance of 16$ miles from meadows
and 42f miles from Howe Sound) the trail is badly located, going over some rather bad
hills. The worst one can be easily avoided by following a line which 1 have marked,
commencing at two miles from summit, and going southerly under the hill, following
generally the line of railway surv.ey. Total length of alteration required, 3,800 feet.
On the other part of trail are required three bridges, of 10 feet each, over brooks, and
one of 25 feet span.
"Passing the First Summit Lake the trail trends to the westward over the mountains, is very hilly and crooked, and requires a great deal of repairing to make it passable ; also four bridges of from 30 to 40 feet span, and five of 10 feet span. I here blazed
an alteration of the route, following along shore of lake to south end, a distance of two
and three-fifth miles.
"I examined the eastern side of lakes and the valley generally to the Chehakamus
Eiver, and found that the present route would be the best, by making certain alterations which I marked on the ground.
"Amongst these alterations is one from stations 1924 to 1883 of the railway survey,
distance 4000 feet, passing close to lake and avoiding a very bad hill.
" After leaving Summit Lakes it is very desirable that the line should be altered
for next two miles, commencing at the outlet stream of lakes and following down its
valley by the line which I have blazed. The work on new line will be light and avoid
some very bad hills. The whole distance will be one mile instead of nearly two as at
present, and connect with present trail at near station 1760 C. P. railway survey.
" The trail then follows for half a mile over level, dry ground to another crossing
of the outlet stream of lakes. Bridge required, 40 feet span, 3 feet high ; in about 300
yards a similar bridge required.     /
"Thence to Stony Creek, a distance of four miles, the trail is very hilly and
crooked, and in some places, which are marked, requires a good deal of repairs.
" Stony Creek must be bridged, as it is impossible to ford animals over at all times;
in fact it is an extremely dangerous stream to cross, even at a low stage of water.
Bridge required, 80 feet in length, with one clear span of 60 feet; height of abutments,
10 feet.
"Between Stony Creek and Chehakamus Eiver, a distance of 3£ miles, there will
be required six corduroy bridges of about 20 feet spans. One that was built has been
carried away.
" I explored the whole of the country on the left bank of the Chehakamus for between 7 and 8 miles; from the point where the outlet stream of lakes joins it to where
the present trail crosses the river, with a view to finding a more desirable route, but
determined finally that the present route, with certain repairs as mentioned, would be
the best and least expensive to construct.
"1 also examined different points for crossings of the Chehakamus Eiver, and conclude that, the one marked No. 2 on the sketch, and about 100 yards above the present
crossing, would be most preferable, being a total length of 138 feet, in two spans of 70
feet and 68 feet each, with a height of pier in centre of 8 feet.
" Between Chehakamus Eiver crossing and Daisy Lake, a distance of about 2$ miles,
the first two miles is in very good condition, although cleared only about 8 feet in width.
The other half a mile requires a good deal of repairs. Over this portion the trail could
have been carried on a level grade, or rather the grade of the river, at a less cost than
where it is at present built, and thereby avoiding some severe hills.
"After leaving Daisy Lake, the trail is carried across the big slide, so called, following close to the bank of the Chehakamus Eiver, and is in the best location that could
have been taken. I examined every other possible route and found that no other could
have been taken with advantage. It requires, however, a good deal of labour to make
it passable, as the bushes have grown up in the trail, and also a great many boulders
require to be moved to widen the trail. 100 yards of corduroying are necessary. For
the next seven miles the trail is carried over the mountain, the ascent and descent being
very steep. This was done to avoid the canon of Chehakamus Eiver. Although, as I
have ascertained by a careful examination of the lower route, the trail could have been
made that way at no great increase of cost, and the advantage of the shortened distance
and the easy grade would have been very great. As it is, a good deal of work will be
necessary to make this part of the trail passable. Six bridges, 20 feet span, are required,
and many fallen trees will have to be cut out.
22 294 Report of Public Works. 1876
" At a short distance to the south of summit of mountain, on a steep side-hill, the trail
has slid off into the creek, and is quite impassable. It will be necessary to cross the
creek above, with a bridge 20 feet sj^an, and build 200 yards of trail on opposite side.
"After crossing the mountain and passing the canon, work on the trail ceased at
near a stream, 66 feet wide, requiring a bridge of that span, as it is a raging mountain
torrent at high water.
" From here to Howe Sound is a distance of 14 miles, over a nearly flat country—
the valley of Chehakamus and Squamish Eivers—thickly wooded and requiring several
bridges, as detailed, but not much grading ; thence following up Squamish Eiver and
across summit to Burrard Inlet.
"The whole distance over which no work has been done, and required to connect
with that portion built out from Burrard Inlet, is about 34 miles. This was blazed last
year, and as the valleys are narrow between Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet, and so
much work has already been done, this route is in a measure fixed, but certain improvements can be made.
"At the point where the line first starts from Howe Sound towards the Inlet it
passes over a flat swamp, which for more than a mile and a half will require to be
corduroyed. This may be avoided, and the route consequently shortened, by keeping
o the eastward and away from Squamish Eiver.
" Of the 20 miles constructed from Burrard Inlet the work has been generally well
done, and the forest cleared to a good width ; but, unfortunately, proper regard was not
had for a probable rise of water. The bi'idges in most places were built too low, and in
consequence have been nearly all swept away.
" A good many wind-falls have blocked up the trail, and considerable clearing out
is required where the slopes have caved in.
"Feed.
"As regards the question of feed along the route it is generally good. Along
the Anderson and Seaton Lakes, and the portages, there is not much grass, but the
animals now running there thrive remarkably well on the browsing. At the Pemberton
meadows, sixty miles from Lillooet, the supply of feed is unlimited. Leaving the meadows, the first grass is at ten miles, where there is a small lake and beaver swamp. In
the next twelve miles, passing to the south end of Summit Lakes, there are many beaver
swamps, where there is plenty of grass. At about two miles south of lakes another large
beaver swamp, with plenty of grass. From this to the commencement of Big Slide, a
distance of ten miles, there is no feed exeej)t browse. The Big Slide is 2J miles across.
At the northern end and in the middle there are quantities of rushes, and at the southern
end large beaver swamps and grass. There is no more feed for about ten miles, until
after the canon is passed, and the flat valley of Chehakamus and Squamish reached, over
the greater part of which, for a distance of ten miles, to Howe Sound, there is good feed,
several small meadows and great quantities of rushes. As between Howe Sound and
Burrard Inlet there is very little feed, stock could lay over at this place and recruit for
the rest of the journey of forty miles.
"I have, &c,
(Signed)       " Jas. A. Mah.ood.
" To the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works."
Kootenay Electoral District.
The amount appropriated last session, by the Provincial Legislature, has been
expended by C. Booth, Esq., Gold Commissioner and Government Agent, as nearly as
possible, in the manner desired by the representatives of this district.
1 herewith append Mr. Booth's report on roads and trails:—
" Kootenay, 20th November, 1876.
"Sir,—1 have the honour to forward herewith, accounts, memoranda, and vouchers
connected with work carried on in Kootenay on roads and trails, during the season now 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 295
past, together with account and vouchers relative to repairs on the Government Office
here.
"I beg to report, in reference thereto, that all the work done, with the exception of
that on Quartz Greek, has been performed under my personal superintendence and control.
"John E. Bobier, foreman of the Quartz Creek trail party, reports that he found the
country more difficult to make a trail through than was anticipated. The cause, assigned
by him, is that be eschewed high or mountainous land as much as possible,—in order to
escape the heavy snow falls, on high altitudes, in that part of the country,—and located
the trail through and along the valleys, where it can be travelled at the earliest possible
date in the spring, and latest in the fall of the year. The heavy timber in the valleys
prevented progress from being as rapid as was expected. '
"The trail is now open to within eighteen miles of Quartz Creek; and the foreman
estimates that about * * * dollars will complete a good pack trail from here
on to Quartz Creek.
" The trail from Joseph Prairie to the Monument was cut out twice in the early
part of the season. I wished to send a man down in August to remove obstructions,
but could not get one to go until it was too late in the season to be of any material
benefit until next spring, when it will, in any case, require to be cut out and repaired.
"I have inspected the Montana trails on both sides of the Kootenay Eiver. That
on the east side is over good ground, but has two serious obstacles in the crossing of
Bull and Elk Eivers; the former is a large stream, not fordable at high water; the latter
is larger still—a raging mountain torrent, unapproachable when swollen. It would be
tedious and expensive to explore for eligible sites, and take the requisite measurements,
before even an estimate could be made of the probable cost of bridging those streams.
" The trail on the west or opposite side of the Kootenay is not crossed by streams
of any magnitude save one, and that is always fordable unless a season of very high
water should occur; it is then unsafe to ford for a very few days in the spring.
"This trail runs through heavy timbered land ; the fire has passed over a portion
of it, and there are many obstructions.    An outlay of     * * *      dollars would
make this a good trail from Wild Horse Creek to the southern boundary. Packers
could then, by this route, come from Montana to Kootenay at any stage of water, by
boating freight and swimming animals across the Kootenay Eiver, — a feat that has
frequently been performed in safety,
"The remainder of our thoroughfares are in good order and condition.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) " Cornelius Booth.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works."
Cariboo Electoral District.
Contracts.
Bulkhead, Barkerville.
W. A Johnston, superintendent.
Matthew Pinkerton, contractor, at $740.
This work consisted of constructing a bulkhead, 315 feet long, 8 feet wide, and 8
feet high, of cribwork, and filling between with rock and gravel.
Clearing Barkerville and Stanley Sleigh Eoad.
John Bowron, superintendent.
Matthew Pinkerton, contractor, at $290.
This contract comprises keeping a sleigh road open between Barkerville and
Stanley, from the 15th December, 1876, to the 15th February, 1877.
Omineca Trail.
W. A. Johnston, superintendent.
Cutting and clearing off fallen timber, from Quesnellemouth to Manson Creek;
distance, 300 miles. The corduroy, bridges, &c, have also been placed in order, and,
the trail made generally passable. 296 Report of Public Works. 1876
The other trails in this district have received due attention ; those in the Keithley Creek
division having been reported by the late Mr. Hare in excellent condition.
Work placed under Contract during 1875.
Quesnelle Eiver Bridge.
This bridge, with the exception of the approaches, was completed early in February of this year, and the general traffic of the road passed over it.
On the 11th of May, the north pier was reported to have settled 18 inches. This
pier, as before mentioned, was directed to be placed on a bed of lignite. The pier
continued to sink more and more, and, about the 3rd September, it was found necessary to place a trestle under the Howe truss (208 feet span). On account of the
current, it was impossible to place it nearer the north end of the truss than 80 feet.
On the 5th September, the pier turned over and was carried into Fraser Eiver.
A new pier has been constructed with piles, and closed in with sheet piling and
secured with waling.
It is expected that the bridge will again be passable by the 1st March, 1877.
Cassiar District.
On the 4th of January, 1876, Mr. J. S. McDonnell was instructed to proceed to
Stickeen Eiver, and construct a bridge over the Taltan Eiver, or first north fork of the
Stickeen, and repair the bridge over the second north fork.
This step was taken to prevent any delay to traffic when the season opened.
On the 5th of May, Mr. Thomas Kobertson was instructed to proceed to Telegraph
Creek, the head of navigation on the Stickeen, and place the trail thence to Dease Lake
in thorough repair. He found the Taltan bridge complete, with the exception of filling
the pier with rock.    This work was executed before his return to Victoria.
I beg to annex Mr. Eobertson's Eeport:—
"Victoria, 1st November, 1876.
"Sir,—In accordance with your letter of instructions, dated 5th May, 1876, I proceeded to the Cassiar District to put the trail in repair from Glenora Landing, on the
Stickeen Eiver, to Dease Lake, a distance of one hundred (100) miles.
" Owing to the great quantity of ice on the Stickeen Eiver, I did not reach Glenora
Landing until the 28th of May. I was there informed that the bridge across the second
north fork of the Stickeen had been washed away, and all travel to and from the mines
stopped until a temporary bridge could be constructed, which at that season of the year
was no easy undertaking, the water being extremely high and rapid and the timber
being small, none of it exceeding fourteen inches at the but end, and tapering to about
six inches at forty-five feet. I proceeded at once to construct a bridge of such materials
as I could obtain. It being now the 1st of June, between four hundred and five hundred
men had arrived en route to the mines. I employed a sufficient number to get the timber
and other material necessary in as short a time as possible. The work having all to be
done from one side of the stream made it both difficult and dangerous. On the 5th of
June a bridge was completed that has answered all the purposes of a permanent structure.
" I then proceeded to put the trail in repair between this point and Dease Lake,
leaving that portion between Glenora Landing and the second North Fork until my
return later in the season. On account of the swampy nature of the trail from the
second North Fork to Dease Lake many places were impassable for animals without
first being corduroyed. Owing to the smallness and scarcity of timber, which had to be
packed long distances, it made the progress of the work comparatively slow and very
expensive.
"I found I could not make the progress I desired, so long as I was at the mercy of the
packers to move my camp; and my supplies all having to be packed from Telegraph
Creek at great expense, I purchased four pack animals, which, throughout the season,
were invaluable. 40 Vic. Report of Public Works. 297
"Having repaired the worst portions of the trail, I arrived at Dease Lake about the
20th July. 1 then returned, putting the whole of the trail in thorough repair. The
corduroy is all of the best quality, being six feet wide, and covered with four inches of
dirt.    The following shews the amount of work performed during the season:—
" Corduroy, 10.264 yards.
"Trail opened, to a uniform width of 20 feet, its entire length.
"Bridge over 23 mile creek.
"Bridge over 25 mile creek.
"Bridge over 2nd North Fork.
"Bridge over 1st North Fork repaired, with pier and abutment filled with rock.
"The grades of the trail improved and opened out, to a width of six feet, its entire
length; together, with a great deal of other work incidental to trail making.
"I would also beg to call the attention of the Government to the fact that, when
the ice breaks up in the spring in the 1 st and 2nd North Forks of the Stickeen Eiver, it
would be advisable to have a small party of men on the ground, more especially at the
1st North Fork, as should that bridge be carried away by ice it would be impossible to
replace it until after high water, there being no timber for a distance of several miles,
and the loss to the country could scarcely be estimated.
" 1 would also state for the information of the Government, that there is a growing
desire on the part of the merchants and packers to alter the trail at a point about eight
miles above Glenora and joining the present trail about ten miles above Telegraph
Creek, making about fifteen miles of new trail, thereby avoiding some very steep grades
and shortening the distance to Dease Lake about five miles.
" As my time was fully occupied during the season, I could not explore the whole
of the proposed alteration, but am of opinion that if made it would be of great advantage
to merchants and packers.
"I would further recommend that a working party of about ten men should be
placed on the trail in the early part of the spring, as a trail of that length will always
require repairs, which can mort easily be done before the heavy travel commences.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) " Thomas Eobertson.
" The Honourable the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works."
Under this heading, in the details of expenditure, will be found a sum of $2,000,
paid W. H. Woodcock, as compensation for all claims against the Government on
account of Skeena Eiver Trails.
Mr. Woodcock's claim arose as follows:—
In January, 1871, tenders were called for by the Government for the construction
of a trail from Skeena Eiver to Tatla Lake; the remuneration proposed being a charter
granting the privilege of collecting certain tolls.
Mr. Woodcock's tender was accepted, and that gentleman proceeded to construct
the trail.
On the 26th September, 1871, the trail was reported open for travel, but not completed according to the specifications, and that animals were being packed over it; distance, about 50 miles.
Disputes then arose, between this Department and Mr. Woodcock, as to whether he
was entitled to a charter or not.
Mr. Woodcock never received a charter, and filed a claim for disbursements
amounting to $5,325 50.
Mr. Woodcock brought his claim before the House of Assembly in 1872, when the
matter was referred to a Select Committee.
The Committee brought in their Eeport on the 10th April, 1872, and a Eesolution
was passed ordering the transmission of the said Eeport to His Excellency the
Lieutenant-Governor.
The Committee in their Eeport expressed a hope that the Executive might be
enabled to effect a compromise with the contractor.
No steps were taken to act on this Eesolution until last summer when, on Mr.
Woodcock again pressing his claim, I was authorized by Your Excellency in Council to
compromise the matter.    I therefore effected a settlement for the sum of $2,000. 298
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August...  12
,,       ... 31
Stevens' to Swan Lake, Repairs.
$ 225  00
825 00
100  00
47  50
Do.                      do.                  	
October...   13
Gorge Road, Repairs.
$1,197 50
31   00
November 11
September 19
October...  13
Elk Lake to Royal Oak, Repairs.
450  00
692  00
53  50
Do.       Extras 	
Golquitz Valley Road
1,195  50
August...   14
7  50
300 00
424 00
35  00
October...   16
November    6
Spotts' to John's Fence [East Saanich Road.)
766 50
23  75
13  75
9  00
5  00
2  50
7  00
2 50
150  00
70 00
562  50
,,        22
,.        22
August...  17
,,       ...  21
September   1
J D Bryant            do.              and board for surveyor	
,,          14
October...     3
D McDonald, instalment on contract 	
November    6
,,          16
Burnside Road and Extension.
H Simpson, balance of contract 	
846 00
50 00
95 31
November 27
Cress Road, Mount Tolmie to Fitzallan's.
J C M Davis, instalment on contract	
145 31
159 00
391  00
Do.          Balance               do ',	
Cedar Hill Cross Road.
550  00
June   12
100 00
52  95
November 21
Labourers' pay sheet (proportion)  ,	
Cedar Hill and Mount Tolmie Road.
J Bennett, instalment on contract  	
152 95
August...    8
450 00
445  00
„       ...  21
Do.     Balance               do.
Pearse's to Prairie Tavern (East Saanich Road.)
895 00
September   4
450 00
412  50
307  50
245 25
26
Do.                 do.                do	
October... 13
Do.          Balance               do.
1,415  25
■7,195 01 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
299
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Eoads.— Continued,
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward,.,,
Oadboro Bay Road, Repairs.
October...
November
October...
November 11
16
1
28
June  1
„     26
>.      12
„      15
July  3
„     4
),      §
August... 5
..     ». 1*
October... 9
November 27
June     7
„      26
July   3
,,      4
,  8
>  8
,,      8
I,      10
i,      19
■ )      25
August... 1
»       ».    1
,,        ...     5
„        ...     5
„        ...     9
„        ...   17
ii        •••   17
I.        .-   l^
ii       ••••   17
.,       ...  17
„        ...   24
»        ».   24
September   1
7
8
26
27
27
J C M Davis
Do.
George Nicholson, team hire, proportion
S Morrow, labour, proportion 	
J W Williams, team hire, proportion  	
Pay Sheet, labour, proportion	
Gordon Head Road.
W McCormick, drayage	
J C M Davis, instalment on contract ,
Do. do.
Do. extra gravelling	
Do. do	
Construction of Horth's Bridge (West Saanich Road.)
J Thomas, wages, proportion	
G Keays, tinware,        do	
A G Brown, labour ,
W Sampson, one month's salary as Superintendent.
J Elliott, wages, proportion	
W Williams, team hire, proportion	
W Avons, labour, proportion	
D Johns, team hire,      do	
Pay Sheet, labour,       do	
F Reynolds, meat do	
Repairs East Saanich Road (near McDonald's, North Saanich.)
instalment on contract ,
extras 	
West Saanich Road, Repairs,
J Thomas,"wages, proportion	
G Keays, tinware,        do.        	
J Elliott, labour, do	
W Williams, team hire ..,	
F Page, labour 	
W Avons, labour, proportion	
W Clark, provisions and team hire	
W Sampson, salary as Superintendent	
George Colly, labour	
F Weber, do	
Thomas Haley, do	
C Williams,        do	
Thomas Ferguson, labour ,
D Johns, team hire, proportion	
Matthews, Richards, & Co., tools for road party.,
Pay Sheet, labour, proportion	
"Do. do.        ..*. ,	
Do do	
Do. do	
W Sampson, salary as Superintendent	
P Bartleman, blacksmithing	
J Levy, board for Superintendent, travelling	
Thomas Potter, labour	
H Saunders, provisions for Sampson's party	
G Thomas, team hire and butter	
W Williams, team hire and provisions	
P Fernan,labour	
S Curry,      do	
Carried forward.,
$     cts.
96 25
30 27
30 00
226 78
2 00
206 25
93 75
20 00
50  00
18  00
3 00
34 65
100 00
30 00
7 50
36 00
12  50
35 00
25 00
225 00
20  00
12-41
2 50
25 40
57 50
28 50
34 45
16 75
100 00
40 81
5 39
10 00
10 00
64 64
20 00
30 92-
170 21
92 78
67 37
60 95
138 70
2 50
12 00
10 00
215 43
7 25
8 44
14 63
10 00
1,269 53
$    cts.
7,195 01
383  30
372  00
301  65
245 00
8,496 96 300
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October...
November
March  3
„        9
»        9
„        9
>,       9
„        9
April  3
„     24
May    20
„     17
June   7
„      12
„      12
„      12
„      13
„      19
„      26
„      30
July   2
„     14
„      3
,  3
ii      3
„      25
>,      &
,  29
,i      29
„      29
August... 1
..      9
„      24
„      29
>i      29
ii      29
• ■       29
September 1
jj .....
„   19
October... 3
„       ... 3
„       ... 3
,,        .- 3
ii        ... 3
,.       «. 16
„        -. 20
November 2
8
8
22
27
Brought forward	
West Saanich Road, Repairs.—Concluded.
G Lindsay, butter, proportion	
D'Coulter, bacon for Sampson's party	
F Reynolds, meat for do. proportion	
G Nicholson, hire of double team, proportion	
W Williams, team hire and labour	
S Morrow, labour, proportion ,	
Pay Sheet,    do. do	
General Repairs throughout the District,
J T Mcllmoyl, repairs to East Saanich Road	
J Jones, board for Mr. Nicholson	
J Henderson, do. 	
Pay Sheet, labour	
G Nicholson, team hire	
W Clarke, repairs to bridge .,	
J Smith, labour	
A Brown, do	
J C M Davis, culverts, &c	
H Young, labour	
W G Bowman, waggon hire	
J Sullivan, labour	
T McDerby, labour	
W Clarke, repairs to bridge	
S Jones, board for Mr. Nicholson	
Fellowes & Roscoe, tools	
W Simpson, clearing trees	
C Wallace, chaining	
L Morrell, labour	
J Nicholson, salary, proportion	
W G Bowman, buggy hire	
G Francis, do. 	
J Bennett, services as Inspector	
G Nicholson, team hire	
E Marvin, tools	
J Nicholson, salary, proportion    ,	
P Bartleman, horse shoeing	
S Jones, board for Mr. Nicholson	
W G Bowman, buggy hire	
Matthews, Richards, & Co., tools	
W Evans, gravel	
L P Lewis, labour	
W G Bowman, buggy hire 	
E Marvin, tools	
S Kelly, tinware 	
G Francis, carriage hire	
E Marvin, tents	
W Evans, labour	
H Simpson, meal	
J Sinclair, potatoes	
C Richards, vegetables 	
G Lindsay, butter	
S Jones, board, &c	
R P Horth, buggy hire, proportion	
J Nicholson, salary, do. 	
W G Bowman, buggy hire	
E Marvin, road tools	
J W Williams, buggy hire, proportion	
George Francis	
Thomas Storey.....	
Total Victoria District.
$  cts.
$  cts.
1,269 53
8,496 96
12 00
7 40
100 07
118 25
17 50
50 17
291 71
1,866 63
34 00
1 50
7 50
35 50
39 00
7 00
2 25
3 75
67 00
4 62
10 00
2 25
2 25
10 00
1 00
9 87
3 00
3 00
2 50
225 00
12 50
5 00
5 00
6 00
59 75
50 00
87
2 00
5 00
25 95
_,
10 00
2 50
5 00
14 60
13 25
37 50
12 50
56 98
50
8 50
1 25
20 00
6 00
11 75
75 00
5 00
30 75
34 50
42 50
1 50
1,032 64
11,396 23 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
301
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July    29
n       29
August...     8
September 14
30
October...   16
„   ...   20
   20
...   16
November 27
June ......  15
July    10
n      10
„     io
,,        1°
August...   15
September   1
14
October     20
Metchosin Road Repairs.
Pay sheet, labour, proportion	
P Calvert, board for road party, proportion .
G Ellery, labour  ,	
J C M Davis, instalment on contract	
July
29
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
do.
do.
do.
extras ,
Parker's to Rocky Point, Survey.
W D Patterson, surveying line of road..
Admirals' Road,
Pay sheet, labour, proportion	
Happy Valley and Metchosin Road,
S Morrow, balance of contract ,
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
H Helgeson, board for Nicholson	
P Calvert, horse feed	
W McCormick, waggon hire	
J C M Davis, instalment on contract..
Do. do.
Do. do.
Do. extras ,
August...  24
November    1
February 19
June   7
October.... 13
>i        •■-• 20
I,        - 20
I.        »■ 20
November 27
March  6
July   29
ii      29
November 16
June   26
October... 20
June  7
Esquimalt Road, Repairs.
P Calvert, board for road party, proportion .
Pay sheet, labour, proportion  ,.
Moody & Co., lumber for bridge 	
W P Sayward, bridge planking	
Sooke Road and Bridge, Repairs,
H Cogan, instalment on contract	
Do.        balance do	
G Lindsay, butter, proportion 	
M Muir, repairs to boom and bridge, proportion ,
Do. do. road, do.
P Calvert, road tools, do.
Pay sheet, labour, proportion	
Highland District Road, Repairs.
J Horie, repairs to road	
Pay sheet, labour, proportion	
P Calvert, board for road party, proportion ,
W Tyler, repairs to Millstream road	
Sooke and Leech River Trail.
A J McDonnell, clearing trail.
J Poryea, do.
Deadman's Greek Bridge.
J Francis,  contract in full	
Carried forward.,
$  cts.
234 00
85 50
5 39
300 00
300 00
300 00
600 00
127 25
100 00
00
50
50
50
2
1
3
2
412 50
100 00
287 50
2 50
25 00
70 00
42 90
19 08
300 00
257 00
10 00
146 45
9 86
3 25
180 69
60 00
20 74
8 50
45 00
75 00
40 00
%    cts.
1,952 14
54 00
42 36
912 00
156 98
907 25
134 24
115 00
207 50
4.481 47 302
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Eoads.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February 19
22
March  9
,,       9
,.        9
• I        9
April  3
June   9
,,      13
,  21
,  27
July   7
i  14
,,     25
h     29
August... 1
„        ... 29
October... 3
»        .» 3
„        ... 3
„        ... 16
,,        - 16
„        ... 20
November 8
Brought forward
General Repairs throughout the District.
M Muir, clearing trees, and putting up notice boards.
H Cogan, clearing fallen trees , ,	
Do.      board for Nicholson	
P Calvert, do. 	
S Jones, do. 	
M Muir, do. 	
J Smith, labour	
H Saunders, provisions for road party ,
S Jones,  board for Nicholson 	
H Helgeson, staking out road, and horse hire	
E Marvin, road tools 	
D Stewart, cutting sleigh road to Burnside	
J Nicholson, salary, proportion	
G Nicholson, team hire	
J Nicholson, salary, proportion ,
J Arthur, blasting 	
E Marvin, tools	
S Jones, board	
H Logan, blacksmith	
J Simpson, culverts ,
R P Horth, buggy hire, proportion ,
J Nicholson, salary, proportion  ,
P Calvert,  tools 	
J W Williams, buggy hire, proportion  ,
Total Esquimalt District
$     cts.
50
50
00
50
50
50
25
17
7
1
1
1
1
2
6 32
2 00
12 00
16 25
40 00
225 00
6 00
50 00
10 00
13 00
6 00
3 00
7 00
'18 75
75  00
2 50
7 50
$     cts.
4,481 47
533 07
5,014 54 40  Vie.
Report of Public Works.
303
Detailed Expenditure, Cowichan District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February 9
21
23
March  1
„        25
, 31
,,          31
June     7
,,        12
    13
Chemainus Bridge, etc.
J Jackson, salary, superintendent  Arrears 1875 $261 29
T G Askew, instalment on contract	
Steamer Maude, fare of J Jackson	
W Bennett, inspecting bridge	
H Fry, board for Mr. Jackson 	
Do.      do. Mr. Bennett	
Steamer Maude, fare, etc., for Mr. Bennett	
T G Askew, instalment on contract	
H Fry, board for Mr. Jackson   Arrears 1875 $10
R White, meals, etc., for Nicholson, proportion 	
P Holmes, fare for Nicholson	
T G Askew, meals do	
S. Jones, board, in town, for Nicholson	
June   26
July   5
.,   12
..   12
,,   12
>,   19
„   19
>.   22
,,   25
September 7
11
14
14
14
26
October..
11         ...
3
,,         ...
3
J,
3
J,          ...
5
,,
16
II         ■•»
16
November
2
j j
13
22
27
27
October...    5
November 18
13
13
13
13
March  24
Cowichan and Goldstream Road.
W A Franklin, conveyance of provisions to Goldstream .....
W Newbury,  tents, etc 	
J Dougan, labour as axeman, etc	
J Mearns, do. 	
" Cariboo Fly," passage of Mr. Howse ,.,
Mrs. Harris, meals for do. 	
E J Thain, packing camp utensils and provisions supplied..
" Cariboo Fly," passage of Mr. Howse	
Indian Louis, packing for do ,	
GC Keays, tinware for survey party	
H Saunders, provisions for Howse's party,	
Indian Packers, labour do. 	
A R Howse on account of salary	
Mrs. Harris, board for Mr. Howse and provisions	
J B Davie, wages as axeman 	
Indian Jack, messenger	
J Henderson, horse hire and meals	
J Kinnear, meals and bed	
S Jones, board ',	
J Dougan, labour	
J W Handy, meals ,	
Indian Butcher, canoe hire	
W Thomson, team hire	
T Harris, board and provisions for Mr. Howse	
E J Thain, beef and packing for party	
R White, horse hire	
E J Thain, beef, team hire, and provisions	
J Kinnear, provisions	
B J Thain, provisions and moving camp	
J Mearns, moving camp and meals ,
Do.        wages as axeman (
Clearing Chemainus River.
T L Stahlschmidt, powder, etc	
Cariboo Fly,'' fare of Mr. Askew and freight..
T L Stahlschmidt, powder, etc	
G R Fox, blasting	
J Abbott,      do	
L Hall, hay 	
R Ferguson, hauling	
Long Bridge, Somenos.
W A Miller, balance of contract	
Carried forward.,
$     cts.
375 57
750 00
6 00
20 00
16 00
4 00
6 00
2,900 00
28 00
1  25
5 50
1 50
1  00
5 00
23 25
41  58
58
50
41
3
6 00
15 87
7 25
39  00
4 25
75 42
131  25
150  00
33  75
50 78
00
00
50
00
00
50
50
00
29  15
8 36
10  00
15  70
47 87
6 05
5  50
38 50
21 00
6 00
25 25
45 00
60 56
38 20
4 00
$    cts.
4,114 82
807 11
200 01
20 00
5,141 94 304
Report of Public  Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure Cowichan District Eoads.—Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward,,
Cswichan Flats Road.
March  21
April  19
,,      20
June   13
November 2
October... 3
E Marriner, constructing culvert	
A Dods, superintending      do	
W Thomson, instalment on contract  	
Do.      balance of contract	
R White, board for J Nicholson, proportion.,
N W Campbell, horse hire, J Nicholson	
S Jones, board for J Nicholson, proportion...
W C Duncan, repairs, contract	
October...  16
November 30
October...  19
„   ...     9
October... 30
Cowichan-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
J Nicholson's Vouchers :—
H Fry, meals and bed 	
J Dougan, labour...	
Thomas Jones 	
J Kinnear, board	
Steamer Cariboo Fly, fares, &c	
Mrs. Harris, board	
A M White     do	
S Jones, board	
J G Askew, boara and horse hire	
R White, cribbing Cowichan River	
A Blythe, labour ,	
J Boal, hire of horse and cart	
J Nicholson, contract in full, Davie's to White's....
A Dods, contract in full, Sayward's to Harrisville ,
July
September 25
30
October... 5
„ ... 13
,,      ...   16
November 30
Kokesaildh Road.
B Dobson, contract	
General Repairs throughout the District,
S Jones, board for J Nicholson	
M Smith, meals for        do	
J Henderson, meals	
A Dods, waggon and horse hire	
Indian Jim, canoe hire  	
D Evans, labour, chaining, etc	
R White, board,  etc	
A Lemon, canoe hire	
Steamer Cariboo Fly, fares	
J Nicholson, salary as Superintendent, proportion.
D Evans, wages as Superintendent of Roads	
H T Wilmot, buggy hire for Mr. Howse	
J Dougan, messenger, A R Howse 	
W A Franklin, carriage of camp baggage	
J Mearns, repairs to bridge	
J Dougan,      do.      road	
E J Thain, clearing fallen timber	
Thomas Smith, do 	
J Nicholson, salary, proportion	
D Evans, salary as Superintendent	
$     cts.
35 00
5 00
200 00
187 50
1 25
1 50
1 00
174 00
50
25
50
50
12 00
50
50
00
00
1
1
2
4
110 00
25 00
6 00
895 00
329 00
00
50
50
00
00
00
5 00
50
2 50
50 00
80 00
7 50
7 50
1 25
10 00
15 00
2 00
2  00
50 00
80  00
Total Cowichan District.
$    cts.
5,141 94
605 25
1,394 75
300 00
331  25
7,773 19 40  Vic.
Report of Public Works.
305
Detailed Expenditure, JSTanaimo District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February    28
September   5
October...   20
November    6
13
October...  25
November   6
20
August...    7
„      ...   21
September   7
25
October...   23
September 17
October...   19
Cedar District,
D Overton, clearing fallen timber	
Gabriola Island,
.Arrears 1875
Indian Dick, canoe hire	
H Heath, Foreman of roads, west end
J Martin, Foreman, east end roads 	
H Heath,     do.       west end roads .....
Harewood Road.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
J Wills, labour ,....
W. Bryant, labour 	
D Hughes, labour, proportion 	
J Plant, labour	
J Hutcheson, labour	
S D Levi, beef, proportion .. ,.	
J Ganner, team hire, proportion	
Nanaimo- Cowichan Road.
S Morrow, instalment on contract	
T G Askew, salary as Superintendent	
Mrs. Ferguson, horse hire for Mr. Askew.
T G Askew, salary as Superintendent	
S Morrow, balance of contract	
Do. Extras	
Alberni to Qualicum.
W Wilson, instalment on contract and clearing trail
Do.      balance of contract	
Qualicum to Nanaimo.
...   19 W Wilson, contract for opening trail ,
Nanaimo-Comox Road.
July
August...   19
„      ...  24
T L Fawcett's Vouchers:—
Pay Sheets, labour	
W S McLaughlin, meals for Superintendent	
G H Baker, provisions	
E B Marvin, tents for road party	
T L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
Pay Sheets, labour	
W Glaholm, team hire, etc	
B Maguire, labour	
S D Levi, beef	
J Hirst, tools, etc	
G H Baker, provisions	
A Meyer, do. 	
W Wilson, tinware	
W Parkin, hire of sails  ,
G H Baker, provisions for Tierney's party, proportion
T L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
Thomas Bishop, lumber	
W Tierney, fares of men	
Pay Sheet, labour	
Steamer Cariboo Fly, fare of Mr. Tierney ,
Carried forward,,
cts.
2
00
125
00
250
00
125
00
3 85
3 85
21 85
11 55
6 16
24 90
4 00
1000 00
100 00
3  00
68  60
3175 00
286 50
200 00
100  00
76  19
1 50
147  66
50 00
256 40
2 50
38 99
41 87
21 00
43 18
68 30
19 37
3 50
122 12
12 27
24 00
48 51
4 50
981 86
$    cts.
50 00
502 00
76 16
4,628 10
300 00
425  00 306
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Eoads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August...   28
„     ...  30
September   2
16
22
October...  12
25
Brought forward 	
Nanaimo-Comox Road.—Continued.
C B Brown, team hire	
T L Fawcett's Vouchers : —
S D Levi, beef, proportion	
Quennell & RobinsoD, beef, proportion	
Do. do. do	
L Horton, labour	
D Westwood, hire of oxen	
Ah Luk, cooking, etc	
A Mayer, provisions	
Do. do. proportion	
L Eckstein, provisions ,	
Do. do	
G Fearon, labour	
D Tierney, axeman	
L Horton, labour	
H Hoger,    do	
A Reid, labour, proportion	
J Robinson, labour, proportion	
W Tierney, salary, proportion ,
T L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
J F Schneider, labour ,
J Rourke	
W Williams ,
Parsons, team hire	
L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
Steamer Cariboo Fly, passages	
M. Brown, labour	
F Mitchell, passage, labour, etc	
A Reid, labour	
J Holden, blacksmithing	
Ah Loup, labour	
R Beacham,  do	
J McCully,    do	
W Williams, do	
C Carpenter, cross-cut saw and sharpening picks
W Brown, labour 	
P Gilligau, do.
W Lowe,       do	
F Mitchell,   do	
P Smiley,    do	
G Wilkinson, labour 	
M McKenzie,     do	
P Parsons, team hire	
T Rice, labour	
S D Levi, meat	
P Breunan, team hire	
J Jones, labour	
J F Schneider, labour	
H Hoger, labour	
G H Baker, provisions	
H.Hewitt, labour	
Eli Neil,        do	
J Gemmell,  do	
J Parker,       do	
J Wills, do	
Quennell & Robinson, meat..
J Moulkem, labour	
W Bryant,      do	
J Jones, do	
Carried forward,,
$     cts.
981   86
169 00
33
18
21
07
45
37
18
48
8
75
37
80
33
55
32
32
'   22
74
94
12
13
86
10
62
3
85
16
94
25
02
51
97
189
03
18
40
97
40
16
55
113
75
8
00
75
84
103
88
8
47
36
72
22
78
3
08
13
84
18
48
8
50
32
34
23
09
49
28
34
25
55
36
83
04
14
63
22
50
1
54
53
05
7
50
35
42
44
39
51
90
69
06
5
39
-6
16
3
08
33
06
13
09
82
22
22
33
19
20
20
02
3,137
12
$     cts.
5,981   26
5,981  2$ 40  Vic.
Report of Public  Works.
307
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount
Total.
October...  25
November    6
August...  19
28
30
September   2
5
30
October...  12
July    10
August...   30
October...  16
Brought forward	
Nanaimo-Comox Road.—Concluded.
T L Fawcett's vouchers :—
D Hughes, axeman 	
A Aberdeen, labour	
Wha Quong, cooking	
Thomas Hodges, labour	
D Hughes, labour, proportion
J Plant,        do. do.
J Hutcheson, labour,  do.
R Buckley, labour	
J Dunn do	
J Ganner, team hire	
S D Levi, beef, proportion	
A Mayer, provisions	
Cedar District.
G H Baker, provisions, proportion	
T L Fawcett's Vouchers :—
J Wilson, potatoes ,
S D Levi, beef, proportion ,
J F Schneider, wages ,
A Mayer, provisions, proportion 	
L Eckstein,  provisions	
G Fearon, labour	
J Whitfield, horse hire	
J McCallum, labour	
H Hoger, labour, proportion	
Ah How, cook	
J Peace, labour	
J Jones,    do	
W Tierney, salary, proportion	
T L Fawcett's Vouchers : —
N L McLaughlin, meals for Superintendent ,
M McGinerty, labour	
A Reid, do	
G Baker, meat	
Ah How, labour	
Steamer Cariboo Fly, passages	
H Hoger, labour	
General Repairs throughout the District.
Steamer Cariboo Fly, passage of Road Superintendent
N S McLaughlin, meals for do.
Hon. F G Vernon, travelling allowance	
Steamer Cariboo Fly, fare of Chief Commissioner	
Total Nanaimo District
$  cts.    $  cts.
3,137 12    5,981 26
164 04
15 40
35 00
45 04
5 75
20 79
6 93
38 50
29 26
80 50
17 25
176 33
8 50
8 10
8 70
39 10
6 38
36 37
6 16
7 50
28 11
28 11
17 25
34 26
34 26
40 00
2 00
35 04
9 63
8 25
9 45
8 50
10 38
4 50
16 00
40 00
10 00
3,771 91
386 05
70 50
10,209 72 308
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expene iture, Comox District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February 10
„    * 21
July   22
,  25
November 27
October...   20
November 13
October... 25
March   22
July     24
August...   31
September   5
Comox Wharf to Courtenay River Bridge.
Nicholson & Baker, on account extra bridging.
Do. do. do.
Steamer Cariboo Fly, fare of Mr. Howse 	
Nicholson & Baker, balance of contract	
Section B.
N H Piercy, contract ,
Section D,
N H Piercy, building culvert.
J McPhee, contract	
Section G.
W A Matherson, on account of contract.,
General Repairs.
G F Drabble, payment of salary, road supt   Arrears 1875
Indian Jack, conveyance of letter, Nanaimo to Comox	
W H Thompson, clearing fallen timber	
M Piercy, do. do. 	
J Hardy, culvert built ,	
J C Cliffe, bridge repairs, Section D	
Indian "Charley," conveyance of parcel, Nanaimo to Comox.,
Total Comox District
$ cts.
300 00
220 00
13 00
3,420 00
5  00
225 00
286 80
5 00
2 50
1 50
3 00
10 00
10 00
$     cts.
3,953 00
249 00
230 00
200  00
318 80
4,950 80 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
309
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February 28
March  2
April  19
,  20
May  16
June  5
"     ?
.,     7
November   6
March     9
April.
Ladner's to Semiahmoo Junction.
W Thomson, instalment on contract 	
Do. do.	
Do. do. 	
Do. do. 	
W Tasker, repairs to flood gate	
Steamer Enterprise, fare  Arrears 1875 $12 00
R Dickinson, meat Arrears 1875      3 00
W Thomson, instalment on contract 	
Do. do. 	
Do. do. 	
Do. extras	
May.
June
16
12
29
July..
14
29
August...    1
General Repairs, New Westminster-Hope Road,
H V Edmonds' Vouchers :—
C Campbell, repairs to corduroy	
Thomas Greenham, instalment on contract	
R Howell, repairs	
J Murray, clearing timber	
M Hall, do_.   Arrears 1875 $3 00
J Thomson, do'   Arrears, 1875    2 50
E Hall, do	
G Banford, repairs Arrears 1875 $47 50
J Slaven, labour, Bonson's party..
R Howell,    do. do.
Do. do. do.
J Slaven, clearing timber ,
J Gibson, do. 	
W Clarke, repairs, Bonson's party
J Slaven,        do,
M Hall, do.
J S Clute, tools,
F Greenham, labour,
A McLean, jr.,    do.
J Slaven, do.
J Kennedy, do.
R Howell, do.
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
R Nowell,  labour 	
J Thomson    do	
J Kennedy,
M Dewer,
MRoe,
R Howell,
C G Major,
Do.
W Blackie,
J  Gray,
M Gray,
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do.
do ,
do	
do	
do	
provisions	
do	
blacksmithing.
labour 	
do ,
W Clarke, do	
WHGray, do	
H Stark, ferriage, proportion 	
J C Todd, provisions,    do	
Pay sheets, labour, Bonson'3 party
Ewen & Wise, pair of oars	
H Stark, ferriage ,
M Hall, securing timber	
J C Todd, horse and team hire	
E Pickhard, team hire	
J Slaven, labour	
H Stark, ferriage	
23
Carried forward..
$     cts.
1,162 50
1,350 00
1,013  00
862 00
2 50
12  00
3 00 '
1,228 81
115  25
530 94
78  00
58 00
45 00
32 50
5  00
28 50
11 25
15 00
47 50
30 00
62 50
25 00
17 50
17 50
80 00
30 00
72 50
19 75
43 75
45 40
70 00
29 37
58  75
36 92
57 84
23 36
13 86
11  25
30 00
174 29
10 51
17 62
38 75
33  75
121   25
25 00
7  50
13 07
354 63
50
00
1
3
32 50
186 00
2 50
65 00
11 50
2,116 37
$    cts.
6,358 00
6,358 00 310
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward..
August...
September 11
General Repairs, New Westminster-Hope Road.—Continued,
7|E Dickinson's vouchers :—
W McLean, repairs	
A Carroll,       do	
P Smiley,        do	
R Howell,       do	
A Lean, do	
P Campbell, butter	
J Kennedy, labour	
J Hennesey,   do	
W Lowe, do	
J Hazlett,       do	
Indians do	
Steamer Ada, freight	
D H McLean, labour 	
W McDonald,    do	
T Greenham,      do	
J Murchison,      do	
T Ureenham,     do	
S McKee, do	
J Atkinson,        do	
J Hennesey,        do	
A McPhail,        do	
J Murchison,      do	
A Law, do	
A Campbell, teamster	
R  Howell,   foreman  ,.
M Kennedy, repairs and labour..
J  Ferguson, labour	
A Murchison,     do	
E McDonald,       do	
H Bruce, making truck frames..,
M Gray, labour	
WH Gray do	
J Gray        do	
W H Vannatta, labour	
JBurr,jr., do	
E Willett, do	
A McLean, do	
ll|        R Dickinson, meat 	
W Clarke, repairs	
25]        Indian Jim,   labour  	
M Hall, do	
J Ferguson,     do.	
R Campbell, hay	
C Broomfield, cook.,	
R Campbell, corduroying	
J Cotton, labour	
R Nowell, board	
C Young, labour	
J A Webster & Co., provisions..
R Nowell, moving camp ,
October...  12]        M Kennedy,   labour	
E McDonald,    do	
L Carpenter,     do	
F Ryan, do	
G Watson,        do	
E C Archer,     do	
J Todd, do	
H Barker, do	
Carried forward.,
8>    cts.
2,116 37
95
00
35
57
19
90
60
00
44
23
5
00
41
54
46
73
13
08
50
77
15
75
55
00
10
00
64
60
77
00
17
69
68
75
67
31
52
50
55
00
66
25
46
73
48
08
53
65
60
00
13
75
78
75
48
96
62
50
24
00
92
50
107
50
100
00
39
00
68
75
1
54
35
00
179
99
122
50
20
25
117
00
10
62
18
00
30
72
274
89
67
50
8
00
67
50
44 77
18
50
49 37
56
88
51
48
27
50
38
08
45
62
88
86
18
75
*     cts.
6,358 00
5,315 53
6,358 00 40 Vic-
Report of Public Works.
311
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October... 12
20
November   2
13
*        21
,,        27
Brought forward	
General Repairs, Neio Westminster-Hope Road.—Continued
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
W Barker, labour 	
E Hall, do  	
D Nelmes,     do	
Steamer Enterprise, fares	
G  Smith,   labour 	
J Early, do	
W Thompson, do	
J Burr, jr.,      do	
C Campbell,   do	
J Burr, jr.,      do ...
J Atkinson,    do	
R Hume, do	
H Holbrook, provisions	
W B Townsend, beef	
J Burr, jr., salary as foreman ,	
J Cunningham, tools	
do. tinware	
R Campbell, hay 	
J T Sullivan, labour  	
M Kennedy,        do	
G Banford, board 	
J Miller, labour ,.,.
R Thompson, moving camp 	
G Banford,  labour	
W H Vannatta, labour	
A Innis, gravelling	
J Slaven, labour	
C Broomfield, labour ,	
T Greenham, foreman	
W Blackie, blacksmithing...,	
J A Webster, provender	
C G Major, tools, provisions, etc ,-
H Hennesey, labour	
Moody & Co., lumber	
E G Archer, labour	
S Passmore,   do	
W Clark,        do , 	
J Anderson, potatoes	
Do.        labour	
T York, provisions, oxen hire, hay, etc ,
J Todd, horse hire and provisions	
J Campbell, labour	
J Hennesey,    do ,	
A McPhail,     do	
R Hume, do	
MGray, do	
S McKee,        do ;
J Brown, do	
J R Sutherly, repairs ,
J A Blanchard, hauling	
R Dickinson, meat ,
J Musselwhite, vegetables	
J Sullivan, labour	
W H Vanatta, salary as foreman ,
C Phail, labour	
J Chapman, labour	
J Shannon,     do	
WD Miller,    do	
Carried forward,	
50
75
$  cts.
5,315 53
31 88
30 00
68 75
3 00
26 253
26 25
26 25
65 00
29 42
56 25
86 25
69 37
19 75
12 80
120 00
4 50
15 87
24 37
61 25
6 25
8 00
72 50
4
83
147 00
261 80
103 75
175 50
61 87
36 67
12 12
328 39
60 00
4 50
35 00
77 50
112 50
17 52
74 42
175 07
142 59
57 50
65 00
116 25
48 75
156 25
100 00
47 50
10 00
3 00
11 00
16 10
82 50
103 50
69 37
68 12
7 50
29 25
9,085 53
$  Cts.
6,358 00
6,358 00 312
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
November 27
Brought forward	
General Repairs, New Westminster-Hope Road.—Concluded.
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
M Hall, do	
E Hall, do	
Musselwhite, do	
J Gray, do	
W H Gray, do	
R Carrol, do	
March     9
November
April.
R Howell, clearing timber	
J Burr, salary as foreman of bridge repairs..
Sleigh road, Township 14.
Isaac Lehman, contract ,
Matsqui Sleigh Road,
September 7
October... 12
November
May       1
June      5
October...   19
April  19
May   	
June   3
July   17
May      16
June   30
July     29
November 21
June
July
August...
October... 20
False Creek Road and Bridge.
Samuel Passmore, labour	
C McMillan, do	
C G Major, tools and provisions
S Passmore, labour	
Hastings to Granville.
A M Herring, instalment on contract.
Do. do.
Do. do.
Road, Townships 2 and 4.
J T Scott, on account of contract ....
Do. do.
Do. do.
T Greenham, ditch from Scott's road.
North Arm Trail.
J B Pinckney, labour and repairs.
H Elliott, hauling	
J Best, repairs to bridge	
Pitt River Road.
M Rodick, contract.,
Burrard Inlet Road.
G McLeod, repairs to bridge ,
E Dickinson's Vouchers :—
W Cameron, do.  ,
T Carpenter, labour	
J B Pinckney, repairs to bridges.
L Carpenter, do.
Irdians Jim & Bill,    do.
Carried forward,.
$     cts.
9,085 53
126
00
119
50
35
62
117
50
172
50
174
03
15
00
60
00
65 00
78 00
35 00
65  00
500 00
437 50
975 00
600 00
200 00
137 50
205 00
30 00
6 50
7 50
2 50
5
00
5
00
10
00
12
00
3
75
9     cts.
6,358 00
.9,830 68
75 00
200 00
243 00
1,912 50
1,142 50
44 00
10 00
38 25
19,853 93 40 Vic
Report of Public Works.
313
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
June     5
>.       26
July    25
August...   14
September   7
June .
July
14
Brought fortoard	
North Arm and Granville Road and Road to Methodist Church.
H Simpson, Instalment on contract	
Do. do. 	
Do. do. 	
Indian Jim, canoe hire for superintendent.
H Simpson, instalment on contract	
Do. do. 	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Indian Jim, canoe hire ,
F Woodcock, stage fare ,	
L Wilcox, do	
J Mannion, meals, &c	
H Simpson, extras on contract ,
Indian Jim, canoe hire 	
General Repairs, Semiahmoo Road.
August...   19
September 25
June   22
August ... 7
September 11
October...  16
September 11
March     9
J Willar, labour	
E Dickinson's Vouchers :—
J Burr, repairs	
J McMurphy, repairs 	
H Stark, ferriage, proportion	
Indian Johnny, axeman	
Sam, do	
J Clute, provisions  ,	
A Huck,  repairs ,
J Anderson, repairs ,
I J Turner,     do ,
J Atkinson,    do	
J Robinson,    do	
W H Ladner, salary as superintendent
J C Todd, provisions, proportion	
E Hall, labour	
J J Turner,  cutting trail and labour .,,,
J Atkinson,  labour	
J Anderson,    do	
J Higgins,       do	
N Strout, cook	
J Burr, labour	
J Robinson, potatoes 	
T Henderson, labour 	
J Robinson,      do	
J A Webster & Co., utensils	
J S Clute, provisions	
Ladner's to Langley.
A J McLellan, instalment on contract..
Do.                          do.
Do.                          do.
Do. final instalment	
Nicomekl River Bridge.
J Mclnnes, contract	
General Repairs throughout the District.
H V Edmonds' Vouchers:—
Harrison River Mill Co., lumber, proportion	
Carried forward.,
200 00
525 00
525 00
3 00
825 00
887 50
3 00
2 00
1 00
1  00
275  00
3 00
9 22
46
10
13
00
6
25
3
00
3
00
99
07
40
00
45
00
36
92
45
00
41
53
80
64
13
07
40
00
12
29
34
60
15
58
15
58
88
46
60
00
4
50
30
72
34
60
3
50
65
37
1,125
00
1,125
00
750
00
800
00
3  96
3 96
$     cts.
19,853 93
3,250 50
887 00
3,800 00
495 00
28,286 43 314
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, New Westminster District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
9
6
16
10
12
29
5
14
31
7
19
• 17
12
20
13
$     cts.
3 96
200 00
10 50
13  75
2 50
3 00
2 00
4 50
6 00
100 00
1  25
3 50
23  00
1  25
11 75
1 50
1  75
3 00
11 00
100 00
5 00
120 00
1  00
120 00
3  50
1 50
50
26 00
3 00
345 00
2 50
25  00
120  00
68 80
10 38
18 50
30 40
56 41
19 25
120  00
4 50
16 00
40 00
2 50
3 50
1 00
2 50
3 50
5 00
12 12
3 50
120 00
2  50
11 25
6 00
120 00
$     cts.
28,286 43
General Repairs.—Concluded.
H V Edmonds' vouchers :—
M Hall,        do.                   do.             	
H V Edmonds' Vouchers:—
J S Clute, tools 	
.
L F Bonson, salary	
July 	
E Dickinson's Vouchers:—
Indian Jim,  canoe hire 	
W Blackie, repairs to chain-gang tools 	
J C Todd, hire of dump cart	
Indians Jim and Bill, discharging lumber	
August...
L F Bonson, salary as superintendent	
E Brown, horse hire and provender	
"
J A Webster, tools and nails	
C McDonough, provisions	
R Dickinson, meat and vegetables 	
Septembe
•
Indian Sammett, canoe hire	
Do.            do	
"
Steamer Royal City, fares	
November
L F Bonson, salary as superintendent	
1,954 82
30,241 25 40 Vic.
Report of Public   Works.
315
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Yale to Cariboo.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February   11
Black's Section.
W Teague's Vouchers :—
$    cts.
437 65
259 82
3 30
132  00
606 00
4,069 99
2 75
1  50
1 00
3 00
2 00
4 50
10 50
5 93
144 74
126 28
27  28
79 25
241  35
'  317 95
69  50
45 00
4 00
3 50
91 00
10 00
83 75
40 00
13  00
.10 00
84 00
434 00
36 00
12 00
13 00
23 48
14 25
4,321  30
5 70
5 75
2,351  44
12  00
84 96
1 50
4 82
2 50
76 72
2,754 98
40 00
3 62
4 75
10 25
31 67
332  76
$    cts.
April            6
June    ,      29
W Teague and N Black, expenses, Inspecting	
Do.                   do	
H B Dart,                do	
J Stott & Co., blacksmithing	
Julv     10
Do.                       do	
E Peck, repairs to weigh bridge	
19
Barnard & Co., buggy hire for C. C. of L. & W., proportion
Steamers Enterprise and Royal City, fares of road party, do....,
Hon. F G Vernon, travelling allowance, proportion	
August...    7
W Teague's Vouchers :—
,,         24
August...  29
C Noble and others, travelling expenses	
W Teague's Vouchers:—
September 14
Hudson Bay Co., lime ,
Pay Sheets,  labour	
October...    i
L Sundbury, allowance, travelling	
25
W Teague's Vouchers :—
H B Dart, hay 	
Do.                    do	
Ki Kee, nails	
Barnard & Co., horse feed	
17,507 99
17,507 99 316
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July            19
24
Stevenson's Section.
Barnard & Co., buggy hire for Chief Commissioner, proportion
Steamers Enterprise and Royal City, fares of party,        do.
W Teague's Vouchers :—
$     cts.
6 50
185 00
20 00
37 50
79 73
75 27
110 03
32  75
21 00
35  50
25 00
17 00
139 09
8  25
58 75
80 25
149 50
18 37
13 96
18 41
20 00
6 50
6 75
5 50
6 00
4 00
1 50
4 00
2 00
1,022 00
2,802 77
37  50
2 50
17 04
13 00
113  50
25 00
25
85  85
24 37
15 00
546 00
252  25
106 40
65 26
10 00
30 00
12 50
45 75
10 50
15  50
52  50
11 87
10  00
14 75
30 00
6  13
18 62
$     cts.
17,507 99
Do.                       do	
W A Jamieson, hay ,	
August...   24
J Stott & Co., blacksmithing....	
H WStrout	
-
William Tinline, assistance on accounts	
Douglas & Deighton, harness ,
Indian Joe, packing	
6,584 92
17 507 99 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
317
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Yale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
$     cts.
6,584 92
6 00
6 50
6 25
2,278 89
90 00
15 00
15  00
30 00
3 00
46 50
12  00
24 00
10 00
24 20
48 00
140 75
117 74
2 00
5 75
12 50
436 79
15  75
3,502 75
47 00
49 75
3 50
2,821  64
11 00
2 00
4 25
1  25
6 50
44 50
5 00
8  75   '
18 00
150  00
1  50
3 00
4 00
64 45
4 00
84  76
10 00
25 50
$    cts.
17,507 99
August... 24
Stevenson's Section.—Concluded.
W Teague's vouchers :—
Pay Sheets, labour	
R Liddle and others, compensation, travelling expenses	
J McBride,                           do.                          do.             	
ii         30
J Kershaw,                          do.                           do.              	
September   2
J McDowell and others,    do.                           do.             	
25
W Teague's Vouchers :—
R Sproat, meals, etc	
Indian Charley, labour ,	
H B Dart, meals, etc ,	
P Kilroy, beef	
Do.           do	
F J Barnard, horse feed	
G Stewart, freight	
„         30
E E Bligh, blacksmithing                     	
H Blackford,        do.           ,
W K Leighton, telegrams 	
Pay Sheets, labour	
McKay & Co	
J T Jones 	
S M Nelson	
J C Mundorff	
J Campbell, axes	
J McKay, horse feed ,                        	
Puckett & Co., team hire 	
Indian Bob, labour	
E Pearson, freight	
Estate of Captain Irving, pile driver	
E Marshall, horse feed	
A Yearxa, blacksmithing 	
A Scherbert, team hire	
T L Buie, hay, nails,  etc	
J McCully, blacksmithing	
'
W Tinline, hay, meals, etc	
A Stevenson, horse hire	
Section Three.—Clinton to Soda Creek.
J Geskie, instalment on contract	
16,804 64
January... 26
375 00
20  00
30  00
375  00
123 43
61  90
February   11
May    17
J Saul, salary, January, proportion	
Do.           February and March, proportion	
J Geskie, instalment on contract	
800 00
J Saul's Vouchers :•—
January .. 31
985 33
34,312 63 318
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars,
Amount.
Total.
$
cts.
$  cts.
985
33
34,312 63
15
00
25
00
35
00
162
50
30
24
103
61
3
50
2
70
11
50
7
20
24
70
17
10
77
00
1
00
20
85
16
08
219
85
90
61
24
15
15
00
28
00
400
00
60
38
6
38
20
00
39
27
45
25
*
201
03
74
50
117
20
61
44
13
40
84
55
273
04
4
75
72
00
191
34
170
96
23
10
189
37
55
78
50
00
48
00
57
70
4,175 36
45
00
70
00
75
00
3
25
20
00
20
50
15
00
12
00
2
50
263
25
38,487 99
February   11
May    17
June   19
July ...... 19
July   25
September 26
October... 23
November 18
February   11
May   It
July  24
Brought forward	
Section Three.—Continued.
J Saul's vouchers :—
J Brodie, clearing winter road	
J Saul, salary, proportion, January'	
Do. do. February and March	
W Moore, labour  Arrears 1875
F W Foster, provisions         do.
Do. do.        proportion         do.
J McCully, blacksmithing,    do	
R Carson's Vouchers :—
G Gannon, hay and potatoes	
D Keefe, labour 	
D Pratt, horse feed and oats	
W Nelson, labour ,,	
J Calder,     do	
G Tinker, bacon	
Barnard & Co., express	
J Griffin, hay and grain	
A S Bates, barley	
Bell & Ncwland, provisions	
P C Dunlevy, do; 	
R Collins, labour	
W Manson, butter	
Ah Woo, cook	
Marshall & Ward, setting up weighing scales, etc	
R Carson's Vouchers:—
P McManus, labour	
Barnard & Co., hay	
W Keatley, hauling	
R Collins, labour	
J McCully, blacksmithing	
Bell & Newland, provisions	
Long San, cook	
J Keating, labour ,	
J Meaking,    do	
P Ganner, potatoes, etc	
J Wright, meat, etc	
E Gallagher, labour	
Telegraph Office, messages	
W Saul, horse keep	
W Pinchbeck, oats	
W Riley, labour	
C Mier, axeman	
Bell k Newland, provisions	
A S Bates, horse feed	
H Hemphil, labour	
J McKinlay, horse hire	
J Griffin, beef and provisions	
Section Four,
J Saul, salary, proportion, January	
Do, do.        February and March	
J J Robertson's Vouchers :—
Pay Sheet, labour, proportion  	
J Stone, telegrams, proportion	
D Duhig, flour, proportion	
D Robertson, blacksmithing, proportion	
C H Heath, picks, proportion	
T Marshall, labour	
P C Dunlevy, meals	
Carried forward	 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
319
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July
24
August... 17
October...    2
November    6
» 27
30
February   11
May  17
April    20
June     19
July..
10
Brought forward,.
Section Four.—Concluded.
J J Robertson's vouchers :—
P C Dunlevy, horse feed	
A Barlow, tools and provisions, proportion	
Do.        making tent	
J Girod, tinware	
Bohanon's Estate, meat and horse feed	
Do. meat and oats	
A D Mclnnes, oats 	
A. Barlow, horse hire, proportion	
C E Shepherd, team hire	
J J Robertson, salary, proportion ,
R McLean, labour ,	
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
W A Johnston, salary proportion ,
J Reid, provisions, do	
J Saul, meals, beds, etc ,.,	
D Pratt, do. 	
E Marshall,   do. 	
ADMcInnis, do. 	
W Thornhill, labour, teaming, etc	
J Griffin, meals,  etc ,
P C Dunlevy, do	
Pay Sheet, labour ,
R Pacey, vegetables, proportion 	
Mrs. Green, horse hire...,.	
Pay Sheets, labour	
Bohanon's Estate, provisions, harness, and grain
J Reid, provisions	
Downes & Co., oats and provisions	
Do. board ,	
J E Nelson, team hire	
Pay Sheet, labour	
C Kearsley, meat and vegetables	
C Kearsley, hay and oats	
Section Five.
J Saul, proportion of salary, January	
W Dooley, labour  Arrears 1875
J Cameron, oats          do.
J Saul, proportion of salary, February and March 	
A Barlow, team hire ,	
H C Wilmot, instalment on contract 	
F W Foster, provisions, proportion  Arrears 1875
E Parsley,  freight	
F W Foster, provisions	
E Pearson, freight,  Arrears 1875
J E Nelson,     do	
J Bowron's Vouchers :—
Thomas Moore clearing water courses i	
R McLean, do.	
Henry Yates, supt. do. 	
Ah Tie, axe	
W Dooley, shovelling snow	
J Hudson, putting in cribbing	
A McFarlane, do. 	
R Blair, do. 	
J Hawkins, do. proportion 	
M Pinkerton, do. do.          ,	
$     cts.
263 25
9 00
22  25
10 00
27 00
59 03
94 54
28 83
65 00
45 00
225 00
3  00
159 00
58  63
5 50
5 50
6 00
3 00
16 50
4 00
11 '24
297  50
33  12
124 01
636 82
120 58
54 74
77 45
97 55
187 50
117 80
19 11
27  54
60 00
21  00
68 60
85 00
40 00
200 00
105 45
47 55
178 43
4 25
6 00
36 00
30 00
10 00
3 50
$     cts.
38,487 99
2,914 98
Carried forward ,
8 00
25 00
30 00
45 00
5 00
5 00
1,013 78
41,402 97 320
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July
10
24
August...    7
14
17
24
October...     2
Brought forward	
Section Five.—Continued.
J Bowron's vouchers :—
A Allen, putting in cribbing	
W C Price, do.	
E Deslorier, timber	
A Allan, filling hole ,	
H Goldstadter, turning water	
J J Robertson's Vouchers :—
S Bohr, labour	
A Barlow, team hire	
Pay Sheet, labour, proportion	
J Stone, telegrams 	
D D Duhig, harness	
Do.        flour, proportion	
J McLaughlin, labour	
A Barlow, tools and provisions, proportion   	
'   Kwong Lee & Co., labour	
G Lawson, labour, proportion	
Thomas Moore, labour	
A Barlow, horse hire, proportion	
Beedy & Townsend, provisions 	
J Austin, meals and beds 	
Chinamen, labour ,	
VanVolkenberg, meat	
James Evans, labour	
J McLean,     do	
G Sehns do	
Mason & Daley, meals	
J Brown, labour 	
S Walker, hay ,....
J Peebles, blacksmithing	
E C Shepherd, team hire	
S Smith, axes, &c ,	
W Evert, horse hire	
G Hyde, meals	
A Kelly, beds	
J Boyd, meals and horse feed	
Do.     provisions  	
Pay Sheet, labour	
R Pacy, oats	
A Barlow, team hire...	
J Boyd, provisions 	
Salary, proportion	
J Bowron's Vouchers :—
J Brown labour ,	
A W Christie, labour	
D McKay do	
J W McLean, hauling	
A Goldstadt, labour -.	
J Sanderson,    do  	
H C Wilmot, keeping road clear of snow	
G Wilson, labour	
J Evans,        do	
J Trescearva, labour	
VanVolkenberg, meat  Arrears 1875
G Green, Superintendent, proportion	
J Bowron, travelling allowance, proportion	
Barnard & Co., passages, proportion  ,	
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
W A Johnston, salary, proportion   	
$  cts.
1,013 78
10 00
15 00
80 00
55 00
10 00
Carried forward,,
3
45
223
00
262
65
13
25
15
00
20
00
6
90
22
25
72
50
28
00
62
10
65
00
137
99
55
50
27
60
45
17
72
66
55
20
23
00
15
00
36
80
22
00
123
30
127
00
20
00
9
00
7
00
7
oo
16
37
48
81
99
00
14
55
72
00
397
18
225
00
10
50
64
56
32
00
13
00
36
00
61
92
200
00
56
10
28
00
7
00
61
88
7
50
5
00
8
00
159
00
385
47
$     cts.
41,402 97
41,402 97 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
821
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October...    3
November    6
27
une	
10
?
5
21
21
21
24
29
ugust..
.     3
Brought forward,,,,
Section Five.—Concluded.
W A Johnston's vouchers :—
Bohanon's Estate, provender	
A H Wallace, hay	
Ah Fook, vegetables	
S Smith, provisions 	
Beedy & Lindsay, provisions	
J Peebles, tools	
G Hyde, hay, freight, &c	
VanVolkenberg, beef	
Rogers & Wilson, tools, &c	
Pay Sheet, labour ,	
Do.      Chinese	
A H Wallace, meals and beds	
D Duhig, hauling	
J Reid, provisions, proportion	
R Pacy, vegetables, proportion	
Mrs. Green, horse and cart hire	
H A Howe, labour 	
J Lovett,        do	
Pay Sheets,   do	
J E Nelson, span of horses, proportion..
J Cameron, provender	
J Schild, labour	
Do. do	
Fletcher & Co., stationery, etc	
S Smith, flour and butter 	
J C Beedy, barley	
J Fleming, repairs to bridge	
J Boyd, oats, hay, etc	
J Reid, tools, etc 	
Pay Sheets, labour .	
British Columbia Telegraph, messages..
Meacham & Co., freight	
M Pinkerton, labour	
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
J Brown, labour 	
J Baker, vegetables	
Hudson Bay Co., meals	
Meachem & Co., lumber 	
Thomas Gall, turning creek	
E Wintrip, blacksmithing	
A H Wallace, labour ,	
R Richards,        do	
General Repairs.
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments, proportion
J A Mahood, on account of salary 	
Ho. do.	
E Shepherd, horse and waggon hire ,	
P Dunlevy, horse feed, meals, etc	
J A Mahood, on account of salary	
Do. do. 	
Steamer Royal City, passage, meals, etc	
J A Mahood's Vouchers :—
E Marshall, meals, etc	
MondorfF,   do.	
J Fullarton, do.	
R Carson,   do.   	
$  eta.
4,385 47
44 00
6 00
8 20
106 95
28 00
8 25
9 29
32 25
25 00
499 51
8 88
48 50
5 00
58 62
33 11
119 50
13 80
6 90
359 55
187 50
47 50
8 00
18 00
5 25
18 50
13 74
5 00
54 27
59 12
612 48
50
8 58
20 00
89 88
23 25
34 50
40 06-
15 00
8 50
22 05
4 00
Carried forward,,
1 25
25 00
50 00
20 00
14 00
25 00
50 00
12 00
14 00
1 50
6 00
8 00
226 75
$  cts.
41,402 97
7,102 46
48,505 43 322
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad—Tale to Cariboo.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August...    3
August...    7
18
30
September 8
26
November    6
ii 13
20
Brought forward	
General Repairs.—Concluded.
J A Mahood's vouchers :—
J Guffie, meals, etc	
J Saul, do.        	
D Pratt,       do	
Bonaparte House, meals,  etc	
J A Mahood, on account of salary	
R Carson, meals, etc. 	
D Robertson, sledge hammer ,
Hudson Bay Co., ball shot ,	
Steamer Victoria, passage	
Brown & Gillis, board, etc	
H B Dart, meals, horse feed, etc	
J Mclntyre, horse hire ,
L Hautier, meals, etc., for Mr. Mahood ,
R Carson, salary as Superintendent	
W A Johnston, do. proportion.,
R Carson, do.
Barnard & Co., carriage of parcels.
do.
Total Trunk RoAn.
$  cts.
226 75
7 00
1 50
3 50
1 50
50 00
6 00
6 00
3 00
8 00
18 00
37 25
75 00
34 00
600 00
150 00
450 00
1 00
$  Cts.
48,505 43
1,678 50
50,183 93 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
323
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Koads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
May            17
Nicola Valley Roads.
W C McCormack's Vouchers :—
$    cts.
21  00
2 50
38 00
2 00
442 00
3 50
26 75
25 44
20 50
10 25
2 00
33  00
250 00
661   75
6 65
20 55
150 00
3 00
766 50
11 75
3 75
4 00
6 00
13 00
19 65
672  00
14 03
36 96
8 00
423 00
3 00
13  50
277 00
23 00
184 70
52 43
24 00
$    cts.
W Voght,            do.         	
Do.               do.            	
July           17
August...    7
W C McCormack's Vouchers:—
24
F Mickle, bolts	
W Voght,  measuring work  	
September 11
J Dubbal, meals andhore hirse 	
W 0 McCormack, salary	
November    6
J Dubbal, meals, beds and provisions	
W C McCormack, salary	
Kamloops and Nicola Valley Roads.
J Jane's Vouchers:—
Steamer Enterprise, fares, proportion	
P Arnaud,  meals and beds	
4,275 11
July   25
6 50
1 75
10 00
9 63
1  75
1 00
1   75
6 00
1 00
12 50
3 21
19 50
25 00
5 00
10 00
4 75
5 25
H B Dart,           do.               	
L Hautier,           do.                	
Nelson Hotel,     do.               	
J F Jones,           do.               	
J Uren & Co.,     do.               	
J Lavou, horse, proportion 	
September 26
J Jane's Vouchers:—■
Mcintosh & Co., beef, etc., proportion  ,	
J M Smith, labour, proportion	
Pay sheet, labour   	
October...    2
J Ussher's Vouchers:—
Indian Billy, messenger	
B C Telegraph Co., messages..	
124 59
4,275 11 324
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Eoads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount,
Total.
October...    2
November 13
30
May    30
July 	
June   12
September 11
February 21
May  1
June  5
„      13
April  6
June   30
July     3
„     10
September 14
November 13
July   10
>i      24
ii      31
August... 7
June     5
July      25
Brought forward	
Kamloops and Nicola Valley Road.—Concluded.
J TJren, meals	
Mara & Wilson, provisions	
Ah Fon, cook, wages, proportion	
Ah Shaw, chainman, wages, proportion ,
C Pagden,        do. do.
Bonaparte and Thompson River Road.
J Craig,  instalment on contract
Do.      balance do.
Silver Creek Bridge.
Walker & Bowes, securing wreck of bridge 	
Duck § Pringle's to Okanagan,
J Pringle, repairing and keeping road open for traffic.,
Thomson River Bridge.
J Mcintosh, instalment on contract,	
Do. do. 	
Do. do. 	
Do.       final payment, on contract,
Section 5 New Westminster and Hope Road.
O Jones, clearing fallen timber Arrears, 1875 $30 00
G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
Indians, labour ,
R McMillan,  securing bridges	
J G Wirth, provisions	
G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
JG Wirth, oats    ,	
Pay sheets, labour	
J G Wirth, provisions ,
Walker & Bowes, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
J G Wirth, provisions   	
Walker & Bowes, blacksmithing	
N Rich, clearing out logs 	
Hope-Yale Road.
Tierney & Hick, instalment on contrast	
Do. final do.  ,	
Do. building bridge across American Bar creek..
Do. repairs to culverts and bridges , „
$     cts.
124 59
9 00
2 95
32  00
50 00
37  03
750 00
1,100 00
2,250 00
1,000 00
8,500 00
1,751  00
30 00
5 90
10 00
36 75
3 89
507 23
175 56
10 08
81  25
34 13
23 00
5 00
Savona's Ferry and Okanagan Road,
J Ussher's Vouchers:—
Pay sheets, labour	
J Peterson, hauling ,	
J Uren, meals 	
A J Kirkpatrick, horse hire ,	
Mara & Wilson, axle grease, etc	
H Guerin, blacksmithing 	
J Duck, meals and horse feed	
Do.  do.      do	
500 00
2,970 00
1,200 00
400 00
81 69
17 50
4 50
6 25
1 25
10 00
2 00
1 00
Carried forward,,
124 19
$  cts.
4,275 11
255 57
1,850 00
50 00
200 00
13,501 00
921 89
5,070 00
26,123 57 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
325
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Roads.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
July
25
August...   24
October ...  2
June
November 13
June
19
November    6
forward,,
Savo
,'s Ferry and Okanagan Road.—Concluded
Ussher's Vouchers :—
H Ingram, meal and horse feed	
Do. do. do. 	
Mara & Wilson, tools, etc.,. 	
Do. axes	
G B Martin, clearing drift.,,	
Pay sheet, labour	
Do. do    	
A Kirkpatrick, horse hire	
Do. horse feed	
D W Bickley, cutting out fallen timber.,
O'Keefe & Greenhow, meals etc	
J Pringle, do. 	
J H Turry, blacksmithing	
N Hare, meal	
Hudson Bay Co., shovels	
J Peterson, lumber for stakes	
Pay sheet, labour	
A J Kirkpatrick, horse hire 	
A Lampreau, boat hire 	
Mara & Wilson, axe handles	
J Uren, meals and horse feed   	
J Duck,  cedar log 	
J F Guerin,   blacksmithing	
Barnard & Co., stage fare	
D Fraser,  labour	
Cache Creek and Savona's Ferry.
J Ussher's Vouchers:—
J F Guerin, blacksmithing ..
J Uren & Co., ferriage	
A J Kirkpatrick, horse hire ,
Steamer Kamloops, ferriage ,
Pay sheet,  labour	
J Uren, meals, etc	
Bridge to Clinton School House
J E Nelson, freight and horse feed, proportion.
Pay sheet, labour 	
J McCully, blacksmithing, proportion	
Mission Valley to Penticton.
F Ortolem, clearing trail	
Hope-Nicola Trail.
5|J Mcintosh, instalment on contract, section 1
7 G Landvoigt, explorations, salary ,
J G Wirth, provisions	
Indians, pay sheet	
J McMarten,  horse-shoeing 	
J G Wirth, oats, proportion 	
Hayward & Jenkinson, extra work, section 3 ,
J Mcintosh, final payment, section 1 	
J G Todd, instalment, section 2	
September 14|J 0 Wirth, oats
July ....
August
21
24
Carried forward,.
$     cts.
124 19
2 00
2  00
9 00
6 25
6 00
281 94
215 85
65 00
41 00
00
00
00
25
00
6 75
6 00
222 58
57 50
1 00
1 00
6 50
1 00
5 75
5 00
8  65
3
50
2
00
26
32
2
50
65
50
24
00
7
00
86
62
3
00
500 00
15 00
1,452
00
1,439
00
3,000
00
13
68
6,443
33
$     cts.
26,123 57
1,086  21
123  82
96 62
50 00
27,480 22 326
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Eoads.— Continued.
Date.
Particllars.
Amount.
Total.
November 13
Brought forward	
Hope-Nicola Trail—Concluded.
J Mcintosh, extra work, section 1	
J G Todd per J Mcintosh, balance on contract, Section 2.
J Mcintosh, clearing jam of timber	
Pay sheet, labour	
Hope-Similkameen Trail.
10
June      8 G Landvoigt, inspecting bridge	
30 G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
J G Wirth, provisions 	
Do do	
C Murphy, salary	
Indians, pay sheet	
Pay sheet, labour 	
Walker & Bowes, hauling	
Indians, pay sheet ,
Hudson Bay Co., provisions ....
J G Wirth, do	
E B Marvin, tents for road parties..,
August ...    7 G Landvoigts Vouchers:—
J G Wirth, oats, proportion ....
Pay sheet, labour	
Allison & Hayes, provisions ....
J Stott & Co., iron work	
Walker & Bowes, hauling	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions....
Do." do	
-    Do. do	
September 14 Pay sheet, labour	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions....
C Murphy, salary	
Do. horse hire	
October ...   5 J Mcintosh, road repairs	
November  13 G Landvoigt's Vouchers:—
C Galloway, hire of packhorse,,
J G Wirth, provisions	
A Agassiz, oats	
Pay sheet, labour , 	
July
Okanagan and Mission Valley.
C Brewer, salary as superintendent of contract..
P Parke, instalment on contract	
J Ussher's Vouchers:—
Steamer Enterprise, fares, etc., proportion.
P Arnaud, meals, etc., proportion 	
Steamer Royal City, fares,    do	
G Tuttle, meals, do.
H B Dart, meals, do.
L Hautier, meals do.
Nelson Hotel, meals, do.
J T Jones, meals, do.
J Uren & Co., meals, do.
J Lavon, horse, do.
Indian Francois, hire of pack horse.
D McPhaden, board ,
J F Guerin	
J Peterson, hoard	
Duck & Priusle, meals	
Carried forward,.
$  cts.
6,443 33
195 00
5,850 00
33 00
140 88
6 75
122 63
82 86
100 00
113 13
33 50
3 50
63 00
44 09
40 63
37 50
3 89
249 13
22 85
22 00
24 50
10 63
28 06
42 60
157 58
19 37
194 66
20 00
375 00
18 50
45 28'
19 83
36 75
125 00
3,750 00
6 50
1 75
10 00
9 62
1 75
1 00
75
00
1 00
12 50
2 00
19 00
12 00
24 05
1 50
3,985 42
$  cts.
27,480 22
12,662 21
1,938 22
42,080 65 40   Vie.
Report of Public Works.
327
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Eoads.— Concluded.
July 	
25
September
26
November
6
»
20
u
23
July 	
10
October...
2
ii
12
November
30
Brought forward	
Okanagan and Mission Valley.—Concluded.
H Ingram, meals ,
P Parke, instalment on contract	
Do. do. 	
Barnard & Co., freight, etc., proportion.
P Parke, instalment on contract	
General Repairs throughout the District.
Telegraph Office, messages 	
J Uren, meals for Mr. Ussher	
Mara & Wilson, rope 	
G Landvoigt, salary as superintendent
Barnard Co., freight, proportion	
Total Yale District.
$  cts.
3,985 42
2 00
4,500 00
6,000 00
7 50
2,000 00
2 75
3 00
6 46
390 00
4 00
$     cts.
42,080 65
16,494 92
406 21
58,981 78 328
Report of Public  Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February     5
May      31
17
Section One.
J C McCoombs, instalment on contract,
J Saul, proportion of salary	
Do. do.  ,
J C McCoombs, instalment on contract ,
November 20
30
June    30
November 30
July     10
August...   24
September 26
November    2
21
Road—Kelly's to Big Bar.
J Haller, instalment on contract	
J Crozier, repairs .......
B Got, do	
Ah Sow, hauling logs .
J Fickan, repairs.
October...  23
Oayoosh Creek Bridge and Road.
W Smith's Vouchers :—
Indian Jule, repairs	
J Crozier,        do.        	
C Crozier,       do.        	
J Katting,       do.        	
B Tesch, team hire	
J Miller, labour, with tackle.
G Bertram Got, repairs	
G Bertram Got, clearing road	
Bridge River Bridge.
Chadwick's Road.
Howe Sound Trail.
J Saulisburry, horse teed  Arrears 1875
J A Mahood's Vouchers :
E Bud wig, provisions	
AW Smith,      do	
Do. do ,  ...
Do. do.      	
-Indian Jim, wages, labour ,	
Indian Dick, packer ,
Do. * Captain Murray, labour	
Pioneer Hotel, board	
Bell & Newland, board	
Indian Jimmy, packer	
Do.    Johnny,    do	
Do.    Billy,        do .'.....,
Do.    Captain Murray, packing 	
J Halliday, chaining  ,
Moody & Co., provisions , ,
Do. do ,
Do. do	
Indian Charley, packer	
Dog Creek and Canoe Creek Road.
R Carson's Vouchers :—
Oppenheimer & Co., provisions, tools, etc.
Gaspard Isidore, beef.	
A Twentyman, butter	
C Newkirk, labour	
Carried forward,,
$    cts.
362 50
20 00
30 00
425  00
37
00
82
50
19
00
71
75
30
00
6
75
54
25
25
00
28  25
28  00
4 25
24 98
$    cts.
837 50
326 25
975  00
60 50
65 00
39 00
93 35
30 55
16 12
3 50
5 50
8 75
22 00
20 75
20 00
25 00
40 00
20 00
70 00
26 75
52 65
24 75
15 00
558 65
182 97
40 92
6 30
66 70
296 89
2,822 90 40 Vic
Report of Public Works.
329
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October... 23
November 28
30
Brought forward..
Dog Creek and Canoe Creek Road.—Concluded.
J Haller, clearing timber..,	
0 Grimmer, labour	
W Williams,    do	
C Anderson,    do	
J Dunn, do	
R McLean,        do	
Wong You, wages of gang of Chinamen	
C Weller, labour	
G McLeod, labour ,
Gaspard Isidore, beef ,
Ah Sou and others, labour	
Bell & Newland, provisions, etc	
S Bohr, labour	
Thomas Thomson, labour	
Ah Moy, provisions, etc	
A B Roberts, cook	
Gaspard Isidore, meat	
M Pigeon, meat..,	
H 0 Bowe, meat, vegetables, and hire of team,,
W Meason, potatoes , ,.,
Ah Ly, labour	
Ah Chung, labour ,
Indian Capon, team hire, potatoes, etc ,
Ah Yat, labour ,
P Collins, moving camp ,
J Williams, labour	
General Repairs throughout the District
June   30
August...  25
September 26
November
J Saul, proportion of salary..
J A Mahood's Vouchers:
W A Jamieson, meals, horse feed, etc.
J T Jones, do.
E Marshall, do.
W L Alexander, do.
J A Cameron,      do.
Indian Jim. horse hire, etc..
G Tuttle   board	
A B Furguson, stage fare ...
Indian Dick, packer	
R Carson, proportion of salary...
do.
do.
do.
do.
Total Lillooet District ,
$  cts.
296'89
10 00
99 40
94 50
73 92
68 40
83 95
108 45
105
92
100
345 61
95 07
147 70
152
17 08
50 00
19 92
26 96
33 50
8 00
27 92
29 45
82 00
27 00
37 00
15 37
22
00
22
0
30 00
6
2
2
3
2
2
12 00
10 00
2 00
150 00
$  cts.
2,822 90
2,247 8
222 25
5,292 98
Detailed Expenditure, Kootenay District Eoads.
September  7
Booth's Section.
0 Booth's vouchers :—
$     cts.
8 00
45  00
56 00
25 00
$    cts.
134 00 330
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February   11
17
March     1
April    18
,    20
June     5
July     10
>i        14
,i      21
,.        24
August.
31
24
September
October...
November
Quesnelle Bridge.
D F Adams, instalment on contract	
Do. do. 	
Do. do. 	
Do. do, 	
J J Robertson, salary to 30th April Arrears 1875, $229 03
Mrs. Green, board for Superintendent Arrears 1875
Do. do. do. to 1st April	
D F Adams, instalment on contract	
Indian Tom, freight on Jack screws	
W Evert, do. 	
Meacham & Nason, lumber	
Mrs. Green, board, etc., for Superintendent	
J J Robertson's Vouchers :■ —
J Saul, meals and bed	
D Pratt, meals and bed	
Steamer Victoria, fare and meals	
Do.     Royal City,        do. 	
D Robertson, blacksmithing, bolts, etc	
Do. do. proportion	
J Black, meals	
J Stone, telegrams, proportion	
C H Heath, picks,        do.        	
J Griffin, one meal	
Steamer Enterprise, fares	
Indian, removing drift wood	
E Marshall, meals	
E C Shepherd, removing drift	
J Lawson, labour, proportion	
L Hautier, meals	
R Pacey, board 	
R Bennett, labour  	
W Rockett, labour	
J Bennett, salary as Superintendent	
Pay Sheet, sundry labour, per J Bennett 	
D F Adams, per J Bennett, iron 	
C Ross, do. team hire	
D F Adams, instalment on contract	
Barnard & Co., passage of J J Robertson 	
J J Robertson's Vouchers :—
J Armitage, lubour	
J Johnson,      do	
G Murray,       do	
C Farquhar,   do.    	
E Shepherd, cord wood	
D Robinson, ironwork	
Meacham & Nason, lumber for cofferdam	
J Nutt, use of screw jacks	
Telegraph Office, telegrams 	
Barnard & Co., fares, proportion	
J Bowron, travelling allowance, proportion	
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
C Meyers, labour	
A Carson, blacksmithing	
J Reid, tools	
J R Williams, labour	
Steamer Royal City, passages and freight	
Telegraph Office, messages	
D F Adams' Vouchers :—
D Pratt, meals, etc ,
J P Griffin,    do	
J Saul, meals and beds	
Carried forward.,
$    cts.
5,000
00
300
00
2,000
00
500
00
629
03
127
50
225
00
9,800
00
17
00
40
00
36
08
96
75
3
50
2
50
13
00
15
00
22
25
10
00
2
00
5
00
9
00
1
00
14
00
27
00
3
50
35
00
21
00
3
50
110
00
75
00
75
00
288
00
934
50
53
75
196
00
4,500
00
45
00
60
00
60
00
60
00
34
50
24
00
51
00
633
04
50
00
8
25
8
00
5
CO
39
10
90
70
136
58
24
50
37
00
15
00
2
00
2
00
5
00
26,581
53
$    cts. 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
331
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Eoads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward 	
Quesnelle River Bridge.—Concluded.
November   9
27
July
10
August...  24
October...    2
January ..31
June     7
February   11
August...  25
October...    2
November   6
October...    2
E Marshall, meals ,
J T Jones,      do	
A M Nelson, meals and beds.
L Hautier, meals ,
H B Dart,    do	
Mrs. Tuttle, meals and beds..
Steamer Victoria, fare	
Pay Sheet, labour	
Ah Lee do	
Barkerville Bulkhead.
J Bowron's Vouchers:—
J Harkins, putting in cribbing, proportion	
M Pinkerton, do. do	
E Deslorier, timbers	
J Hudson, construction	
Meacham & Nason, lnmber	
G Green, wages as Superintendent, proportion
E Deslorier, hauling logs	
C P O'Neil, blacksmithing	
S Walker, rope and tools	
Trail—150 Mile House to Forks of Quesnelle.
A S Bates, provisions, proportion Arrears 1875
Do. do.   do.
J Griffin, clearing trail, provisions, and hauling	
W P Barry, butter   Arrears 1875
150 Mile House and Keithley's.
F Dunbar, labour  .. Arrears 1875
Trail—Keithley Creek to Forks of Quesnelle.
J Bowron's Vouchers:—
R Borland, clearing out logs ,
N Gurney, bridge work	
Ah Chong, labour	
Ah Chow,     do	
0 Hare, do	
E Tye, tools	
Ah Whoey, labour	
W H G Thompson, labour	
W Winterbottom, labour	
A McWha, team hire	
Soda Creek and Williams Lake.
J Bowron's Vouchers :—
Barnard & Co., fares, proportion ,
R McLeese, horse hire	
Steamer Victoria, fare of Mr. Bowron	
J Bowron, travelling allowance, proportion
$    cts,
26,581 53
2 00
2 00
5 00
2 00
2 00
5 00
18 00
142 43
3 46
Trail—Keithley and Snow Shoe.
August...  24 Veith & Borland, clearing trail, proportion...,
Carried forward,,
55 00
55 00
262 50
100 00
102 08
7 50
30 00
7 00
20 50
14 50
48 00
144 45
22  27
25  00
35  00
54 00
54 00
28  00
12 00
6 00
140 00
144 00
25  25
8  00
4 00
10 00
20  00
$     Cts.
26,763 42
639 58
229 22
13 78
523 25
42 00
17 50
28,228 75 332
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Eoads.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August...  24
24
24
November 27
27
27
October...    2
August...  24
November 27
September   7
October...    3
November 27
October...    3
November
October....
Brought forward	
Harvey Creek to Keithley Creek.
Veith & Borland, clearing trail, proportion	
Cunningham and Harvey Creek Trail,
J K Barker, labour ....
M Carruthers, labour .
Grouse Creek and Swift River Trail.
W Holmes, labour..
R Burr, do.
Lowhee Creek Trail.
C Allen, labour.
Antler Creek  Trail.
J Pomeroy, labour .
Mosquito  Creek Trail.
C Sadoux,labour,
Cunningham Creek Trail.
W A Johnston's Vouchers :—
W H G Thompson, labour.,
Rogers <fc Wilson, tools .....
Pay Sheet, labour	
W Winterbottom, labour....
Trail—Barkerville to Grouse Creek,
W Skyme, labour.
A Courts,      do.    .
Peace River Trail.
F Marsnall, securing Germansen Creek Bridge.,
C Ross, ferriage	
A Barlow, pack horse	
H Yates, telegram	
G Murray, telegrams	
W Bushay, pasturage	
Canyon Creek Trail.
W Cook, labour	
J Coyne,     do	
W 0 Jones, do	
S Archer, Superintendent	
G J Shepherd, making tents.
Beaver Lake Trail.
Frank Gray, clearing logs ,
Carried forward ,.     29,215 50
$     cts.
15  00
25 00
50  00
70  00
60
00
20
00
46
00
60
00
20
00
20
00
6
00
9
00
70
00
1
25
9
00
1
00
178
00
72
00
92
00
82
50
9
00
$     cts.
28,228 75
10 00
40  00
120  00
28  00
5 00
12  00
186 00
40  00
96 25
433  50
16  00 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
333
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
$    cts.
$    cts.
29,215  50
February   11
April           30
May             17
•
General Trails.
30 00
6 00
50  00
J Mitchell, clearing snow off bridge, North Fork, Quesnelle
General Repairs throughout the District.
86 00
October...    3
159 00
50 00
Total Cariboo District	
209 00
29,510 50
1 334
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Eoads.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
January .. 26
March,
May   ..
June 	
September
12
November    2
June     7
,,         9
„         9
,    43
,    15
„        19
„        30
July      5
,,          5
i     8
„        19
II   •
..  25
29
31
Taltan Bridge.
Steamer " California," fares of road party..
J S McDonnell, salary, on account ,
E Marvin, tools ,
Stafford & Goodacre, meat ,
J Spratt, ironwork	
J Fell & Co., groceries 	
Callbreath & Co., stores, provisions	
Do. do. 	
A Choquette, do. 	
Indians, labour, hauling tools, etc	
Do. do.      ironwork	
W J Stephens, provisions  	
J S McDonnell's vouchers :—
Hockin & Fraser. provisions	
Pay sheet, labour  ,
W Stewart, provisions ,
Indian, cook	
G Thackeray, labour 	
Wright & Co., provisions and tools	
Pay sheet, labour	
N B Arthur,  do ,
Hudson Bay Co., provisions	
August...    3
n       -    9
„        .»  W
September   2
Dease Lake Trail.
G C Keays, cooking utensils	
E B Marvin, tents	
H Saunders, provisions 	
F Reynolds, beef and casks	
W Moore, passages of party 	
Fellows & Roscoe, tools 	
Wright & Co., provisions  ,	
Oppenheimer & Co., provisions	
J Heywood, bacon 	
Wright & Co., provisions   Arrears 1875
Do. lumber and nails 	
Sanderson & Co., meals ,	
J C Dennis, Custom House bond	
Indian " Joe," canoe hire	
J W Stephens, tinware	
Wells Fargo & Co., carriage of letter and parcel 	
Wright & Callbreath, provisions	
J C Hickson, report on bridges	
Hockin & Fraser, provisions and freight	
RC Dore, meals, ferriage, etc	
T. Wilson, clearing trail	
J S McDonnell,      do.
W P Wilson, labour ,...
W. Danton, provisions	
S Smith, labour	
0 McGregor, meals	
Steamer "Gertrude," freight , ,
Matthews Richards & Co., tools, proportion	
Hudson Bay Co., fares per steamer " Otter "	
Hockin & Fraser, provisions ,	
J King, labour ,
J Mickison, labour	
H Jones, labour ,
S Brierly, cook 	
G Bickley, sheep 	
Do.      beef	
Carried forward,.
$     cts.
197 75
50 00
40 36
15 73
120 50
50 47
314 07
36 30
72 00
18 00
33 50
43 29
257 32
1,033 00
21 45
60 00
34 00
185 66
94 50
262 50
200 00
50 63
28 75
195 15
95 00
95 00
47 05
211 35
230 38
111 96
20 10
10 75
41
2
2
7
1
00
50
00
25
25
80 05
30 00
138 34
17 50
15 00
15 00
16 00
33 30
18 00
4 00
136 12
64 12
106 00
7 37
69 00
20 00
102 25
90 37
36 00
25 80
2,074 34
$ *cts
3,050 40
3,050 40 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
835
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Eoads.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September   5
30
13
October...    2
Brought forward	
Dease Lake Trail.—Continued.
J Egleston, labour  , ,	
W Simpson,    do	
Indian "Jack," labour	
Do. "Bob,"     do	
A Black, labour	
L Hart,      do	
E T Reilly, bridge repaired	
J Devlin,   labour	
C Fox, do	
D McKay,    do	
F Beegan,   do	
C McKinnon, labour	
J F Smith & Co., provisions ,
R Calloway, labour	
W Hinkson,    do	
Indian "John" and others, labour ,
G Dakin, packing ,
L Murphy,    labour ,
J McGarry,      do ,	
P Stewart,      do ,	
H Robertson, do	
N F Foster, axes	
P W Carddock, labour	
W Buckley, bacon	
W Price,   1 pick-axe... ,
J H Clark,       do	
Pay sheet, labour	
Hudson Bay Co., commission for payment of vouchers
C Wilson, ferriage	
R C Dore, meals 	
J T Smith, do	
S Brierly, hops  ,
F McMahon, packing 	
R C Dore, meals 	
(larihue & Heaston, meals ,
D McGillivray, labour	
Pay sheets, labour  ,
Hockin & Fraser, provisions	
Johnston's Express, carriage of parcel	
Wright & Callbreath, provisions 	
Do. vegetables	
W Kennedy, labour	
W P Wilson, packing	
J W Tomlinson, labour  , 	
W Buckley, bacon	
W Turk, sugar	
Indian "Pete," labour 	
Thompson & Rossiter, moving camp	
Nicholas & Hanlin, labour	
do	
do	
do	
express charge.
W H Thomas,
J Dody
Pay sheet,
Wells Fargo & Co.
G R Lawrence, pack-horses and gear.,
M Victor, beef	
P McEntee, blacksmithing
W McKinnon, labour	
M Jenner, do	
A Cameron,        do	
$     cts.
2,074 34
52 50
55 00
6 38
23 25
68 25
29 25
30 00
28 75
28 75
36 25
20 00
49 75
34 00
22 50
58 50
44 12
162 32
58 50
58 50
63 00
81 25
48 75
63 00
90 00
6 00
6 00
158 00
20 06
30 00
Carried forward.,
5 00
5 00
2 00
3 00
8 75
4 50
69 00
1,506 37
59 55
5 50
25 08
80 86
104 12
19 00
16 00
45 00
18 00
9 00
12 00
36 00
11 25
11 25
715 50
1 50
582 50
91 00
82 60
47 50
25 00
33 00
7,141 80
$  cts.
3,050 40
3,050 40 336
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Eoads.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October...  12
November 16
June
July
14
November 20
July      8
November 15
Brought forward ,
Dease Creek Trail.—Concluded.
E Morgan, labour ,
Wright & Co., provisions 	
M Moss, do.  ,
Pay sheet, labour	
Indian "Jim," canoe hire, etc	
L Ward, provisions, etc	
J Johnston, ledger  ,	
W Buckley, packing ,
W P Wilson, hay, etc	
F Lenge,      labour  ,
C Russell,       do	
J Clark, do ,
B Hall, do	
P Goodrich,   do	
W Nooney,     do	
M Moss, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
W Wigg, axeman	
Steamer "Beaver," fare	
W K Lear, freight	
Steamer " Isabel," passage 	
" Gregoria,'' packing	
G Bent, provender 	
W J Jeffrey, axeman  	
R Peterson, labour	
F Passingbam, messenger	
Hudson Bay Co., syrup, stationery, etc	
T Robertson, salary, on account	
M Moss, provisions	
Pay sheet, labour	
A W Vowell, travelling allowance	
Indian "Tommy," packer	
R C Dore, provisions	
Hudson Bay Co., commission	
J Glendinning, taking care of horses	
J Carter, do. do	
Engelhardt & Co., wharfage on horses	
Hockin & Fraser, provisions	
Trail from Naas to Skeena.
Rev. Tomlinson's vouchers:—
J Gurney, provisions and canoe hire	
Hudson Bay Co., freight ,	
Babine Lake Trail.
W H Woodcock, compensation for construction of trail Arrs.'75
Thiberts Creek Trail.
M Dalton, building bridge
J B Hugo, repairing trail...,
McDames Creek Trail.
R Sylvester, grant in aid of construction..
J Fletcher & Co., repairing bridge	
$     cts.
7,141  80
61 25
54 04
25 24
50
00
25
50
477
5
15
2
12  50
6 00
63 00
63 00
63 00
58 50
63  00
63 00
11  70'
64 50
3 00
91  00
18  00
20 00
2 50
9 00
6 00
60 75
10 00
21 00
300 00
32 12
114 00
50 00
30 00
43 40
43
55  28
363  77
12  00
36 00
14 00
200 00
193 00
Total Cassiar District.,
$     cts.
3,050 40
9,129 76
375 77
2,000 00
50 00
393 00
14,998 93 40 Vic.
Report of Public   Works.
337
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total
June  9
>,     27
July   6
August... 19
„        ... 29
March     4
June     12
,.        20
September   2
30
October...  19
November 14
June     7
,,         8
July      6
.,         8
August...    8
..        -     9
,.        -   "
September   8
30
November   8
June     7
September 30
June ,    7
n        12
July     10
August...    2
June   12
July   6
June ...... 9
October... 30
Public School Buildings, Victoria.
Victoria Water Works, laying on water 	
Smith & Clark, completion of contract	
J Teague, balance of commission for superintendence .
Smith & Clark, extras on building ,
E Harrison, glazing	
J William's, whitewashing	
E Harrison, glazing ,
E Marvin, bell and fittings  	
Repairs to Government Buildings, Victoria.
Provincial Secretary's Office
(including Main Building throughout).
J Williams, cleaning and whitewashing
A Vipond, repairs to locks	
Thos. Storey, repairs to doors	
McKay & Burgess, plastering	
Stewart & Braden, water fittings	
J Sears, painting	
G C Keays, repairing down pipes	
Land Office (including Registrar's Office).
A Vipond, new key 	
A & W Wilson, new guttering ,
E Harrison, frosting windows 	
A Viponl, new key	
Do.      repairing keys	
Matthews & Co., ironware	
J P Burgess, repairing roof 	
A Vipond, repairing locks, etc ,
Stewart & Braden, gas and water fittings
Thos. Storey, repairing gas meter box   ...,
Supreme Court.
A & W Wilson, clearing pipes	
Stewart & Braden, repairs to gas fittings
House of Assembly.
A & W Wilson, repairing chimney tops.
A Vipond, repairs to locks	
J Huntington, plastering	
McKay & Burgess, plastering ceiling	
A Vipond, repairing locks	
Lunatic Asylum,
J A Raymur, lumber 	
Fellows & Roscoe, ironware
Eli Harrison, glazing	
Printing Office.
Hayward & Jenkinson, repairs.
G C Keays, water pipes, etc	
Carried forward ,     10,106 18
$     cts.
112
50
7,500
00
264
92
1,548
56
16
00
60
00
35
25
120
50
6 00
1 75
2 50
10 00
1 50
15 00
7 50
1 00
28 00
6 00
1 00
2 00,
1 25
19 65
50
50 00
1 00
2 50
1 25
12 oe
6 00
15 00
159 50
3 25
9 75
5 38
11 05
13 50
54 62
$    cts.
,657 73
44 25
110 40
3 75
195 75
26  18
68  12 338
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward	
Repairs to Government Buildings, Victoria—Concluded.
Assessor's Office.
July     24
August...    5
ii        -   29
September   8
J Smith, cleaning chimneys ...
T. Storey, fitting up offices  ...
A Vipond, repairing keys	
E Harrison, painting, etc	
Burgess & McKay, plastering
October...
16
ii
November
19
14
18
July   	
August...
,,       ...
,,
ii
September
October...
14
5
10
12
31
8
13
November
8
October...
16
Gaol, Victoria.
M Humber, fixing boiler and chimney   .
T Storey, repairs, carpenter work 	
Fawcett & Co., paper hanging	
Sheriff's Office.
R A Crowther, painting sign ,
Lettice & Mitchell, painting woodwork .
Messenger's Quarters.
J Williams, cleaning and whitewashing ....
General Repairs.
W Lorimer, instalment on contract	
Do. do.
Do. do. 	
Do. extras	
E Mallandaine, commission for superintendence, on account..
Do. balance	
W A Franklin, drayage	
J Smith, sweeping chimneys	
Additions to Lunatic Asylum, Victoria.
J Bennett, contract in full ..
Do.      extra bunks, etc.
Laying Water Pipes, James' Bay.
July    25
September 14
November    8
March     1
June     8
.,          9
),        12
»        12
,,        18
July 	
August...
29
September   2
30
E Marvin, pipes
Do. do.
Do. do.
Improvement of Government Reserve, James' Bay.
J Kelly, team hire	
A Vipond, sharpening mowers	
J Clayton, supplying trees and planting   	
Jay & Co. do.  ,
M Wells, team hire	
H Mitchell, superintendence and labour	
W Boyle, labour digging  ,
Matthews, Richards, & Co., tools  ,
G R Lawrence, water for trees	
G Stelly, do	
Stewart & Braden, water piping and fittings for hose.,
cts.
2 00
147 55
1 00
101 57
59 50
25 00
10 37
4 20
7  50
44 50
100 00
250  00
1,009 00
90 25
60  00
12  97
1   25
35 00
550  00
65  00
406 50
53 44
67  50
42 00
15 50
195 50
128 50
6 00
85 00
9 00
30 00
26 25
13 50
205 00
Carried forward,,
756 25
$     cts.
10,106  18
311  62
39 57
52 00
10 00
1,558 47
615  00
527  44
13,220 28 40  Vic-
Report of Public Works.
339
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
$
756
18
42
cts.
25
75
00
$     cts.
13,220 28
Improvement of Government Reserve, James' Bay—Concluded
Furniture, Government Offices.
Land Office,  Victoria.
817 00
August...   24
September   8
266
59
18
50
House of Assembly.
325 68
August...  24
September   8
6
49
85
50
Sheriff's Office.
56 35
22
2
00
25
14
Provincial Secretary's Office.
24 25
81 32
July            13
19
Assessor's Office.
65
100
150
86
1
15
25
00
00
18
75
37
August...     1
,,      -     6
September   8
Supreme Court, Victoria.
418 55
40
79
15
44
1
45
62
00
00
75
,.        12
July            13
..  20
Fellows & Roscoe, fenders, coal boxes, scoops, brooms, etc, ,,
Attorney General's Office,
180 82
33 50
August...    9
Gaol, New Westminster.
40 00
October...    2
Government Offices, Cariboo,
25
16
50
50
Government Offices,  Yale.
42 00
35 00
15,274 75 340
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
June   20
July     6
August...    7
October...
November
31
September   2
30
7
1
14
15
22
June   27
July       5
November
February   28
„   *    21
June     5
.,      1
July    29
October...  11
30
November 22
June to Novr.
March.....    1
June  12
July 	
,.      25
August... 24
July 	
September   1
4
14
27
Brought forward..
Government House, Victoria.
Repairs.
Thomas Storey, carpenter work	
E Harrison, frosting windows and glazing	
J Williams, sweeping chimneys	
J McDowell, repairs to tower, etc	
S L Kelly, repairs to range	
McKay & Burgess, repairs to plaster...	
Stewart & Braden, repairs, water fittings	
Hayward & Jenkinson, repairs to out buildings..
W P Sayward, lumber for McDowell 	
G C Keays, repairing stove, piping, and gutters ,
E Harrison, paints, oil, and labour	
Thomas Storey, general repairs and material ,
Furniture,
Fawcett & Co., repairs to furniture and laying carpets	
Turner & Co., carpets, curtains, cornices, etc Arrears, 1875
E Marvin, dinner boll	
Fuel and Light
Engelhardt & Co., coal, etc 	
Fell & Co., coal oil Arrears, 1875
Do. do	
Engelhardt & Co., coal, etc	
Fell & Co., coal oil	
Do. do	
Engelhardt & Co., coal, etc	
Do. do	
Water.
G R Lawrence, water.
Planting Grounds.
W P Sayward, fee as umpire, Kelly v. Government .
B P Griffin and Dr. Trimble, arbitrators fees ,
Drake & Jackson, costs on arbitration   	
J Kelly, amount of award ,
Do.    hauling roller 	
A Vipond, sharpening mowers	
E Marvin, tools	
T Norton, assistant labourer ,
Incidentals,
S Duck, repairs to waggon....	
Teacher's Residence, Cedar Hill School.
J P Burgess, contract in full	
Do. extras    	
E Mallandaine, plans and superintendence	
J P Burgess, fencing lot	
E Mallandaine, inspecting and superintending fence construction
Carried forward,,
$     cts.
26
62
6
50
38
00
37
00
72
00
27
50
25
00
19
00
18
25
44
50
71
62
408
50
22
25
436
64
3
00
115
50
34
00
68
75
173
25
30
00
15
00
186
25
63
00
25
00
55
50
28
25
218
00
3
00
7
50
4
00
7
50
970 00
18 50
76 '74
170 00
G  50
S      cts.
15,274 75
794 49
461  89
685  75
350  50
348  75
16  00
1,241   74
19,173 87 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
341
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September   8
February   11
9
24
20
30
5
30
7
14
August...
9
Septembei
7
j?
11
>>
14
25
October...
2
j,
12
j,        ...
16
n
20
November
2
ij
6
5!
13
))
22
27
March     9
April     6
June   30
July    20
August...    7
Brought forward..
Lock-up, Cowichan.
E Mallandaine, commission for plan.
Lock-up, Comox.
E Mallandaine, commission for plans....
Lunatic Asylum, New Westminster.
C McK Smith's Vouchers:—
W R Lewis, stage fare	
Steamer " Otter," fares and meals	
Do.      " Enterprise," freight and fare
C McK Smith, salary as superintendent	
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract  .,
Do. do. do.
Do. do. do.
Do. do. do.
J Kennedy, salary as superintendent ,
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract .,
E Dickinson's vouchers:—
J Kennedy, salary as superintendent 	
Do. do. do.
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract  .,
J Kennedy, salary as superintendent  ,
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract „
Do. do. do.
Do. do. do.
Do, do. do.
J Kennedy, salary as superintendent 	
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract .,
Do. do. do.
G Turner, levelling site	
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract  .,
Do. do. do.
Do. do. do.
J Kennedy, salary as superintendent  ,
McKay & Kennedy, instalment on contract  ,,
Do. do. do.
Repairs to Government Buildings, New Westminster.
Gaol.
H V Edmonds' vouchers:—
Harrison River Mill Co., lumber Arrears, 1875
J A Webster, nails and axe   Do.
Do. rope and nails 	
Moody, Nelson & Co., lumber	
Harrison River Mill Co., lnmber	
J A Webster, hardware	
W & C DeBeck, teaming	
Harrison River Mill Co., lumber	
H Elliott, teaming ,	
E Dickinson's vouchers:—
J Morey, removing stores 	
L Grimmer, painting steps  	
J Turnbull, lumber	
R W Deane, sash and paints 	
H Elliott, team hire	
Carried forward	
$     Cts.
1 00
9 50
5 50
342 47
300 00
525 00
200 00
3,325 00
200 00
525 00
100 00
100 00
375 00
100 00
600 00
600 00
900 00
600 00
100 00
1,200 00
750 00
7  00
900 00
1,200 00
600 00
100 00
1,125 00
750 00
4 95
2 62
1 90
5 00
45 93
11 87
16 25
42 00
2 00
3 75
15 00
22 02
47 37
1 00
$     Cts.
19,173 87
20 00
5 00
15,540 47
221 66
34,739 34 342
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.—Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
August... 7
September 10
October... 20
November 2
13
July    29
August...    7
September 27
November 21
October...  12
November 13
February    11
March      6
September  8
E Dickinsons's vouchers:—
W Edwards, repairs	
J Devoy, leather for maps..
Indian "Charley," labour.
H Bruce, carpenter's work ,
Moody & Co., lumber	
H Bruce, lining offices	
C G Major, nails 	
April.
20
Brought forward ,
Repairs to Gov't. Buildings, New Westminster—Concluded.
Gaol.—Concluded.
Moody & Co , lumber	
W & C DeBeck, shingles	
D Withrow, paint	
Moody, Nelson & Co., lumber
W& C DeBeck, hauling 	
W J Armstrong, sundries 	
Government Agent's Office.
Court House.
Dickinson's vouchers:—
W Blackie, latches	
W & C DeBeck, teaming
Cache Creek School House.
C A Semlin, balance of commission as supt Arrears, 1875
D Withrow, final instalment on contract  	
July 	
August...
October...
November 27
July 	
September   5
Clinton Court House.
E Mallandaine, commission for plans and specifications.
Repairs to Government Buildings, Cariboo.
Gaol, Stanley.
Bowron's vouchers:—
T Bibby, ironware for roofing 	
Do.      stove-piping , Arrears, 1875
A Barlow, fares    ,
J Bowron, allowancce on duty ,
Beedy & Co., nails and screws .,	
R Booth, carpenter's work ,
Meacham & Co., lumber ,
M Biglul, carpenter's work	
H C Wilmot, drayage ,	
P McGovern, repairing door of lock-up	
Fletcher & McNaughton, sale of house 	
J Bowron, travelling expenses	
H C Wilmot, stage fare for J Bowron ,	
Meacham & Co., lumber	
Repairs to Government Buildings, Cassiar.
W Healy, plastering
A Egnell, repairs ,
Carried forward.,
$    cts.
221 66
7 50
9 00
2 00
59 48
1 00
7 95
3
00
2
00
8
25
104
00
13
82
129
00
4
50
5
75
1
50
26
50
835
00
$    cts.
34,739 34
74 25
56
75
4
00
10
00
10
75
40
00
82
28
5
00
3
00
4
00
225
00
10
00
4
00
25
83
20
00
8
00
308 59
264 57
7 25
861 50
119 40
554 86
28 00
36,883 51 40 Vic.
Report of Public  Works.
343
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total
$     "cts.
$    cts.
36,883 51
February     2
May            10
,,     20
Insurance of Government Buildings.
43 75
125 00
45 00
60 00
100 00
70 00
120 00
120 00
150 00
125 00
75 00
150 00
Northern Assurance Co., Court House, New Westminster	
August ...    2
September 14
30
October...  20
Do.           do.        Government House and furniture, Victoria
N. B & Mercantile Co.,        do.                   do.                    do.
Phoenix Fire Co.,                 do.                   do.                    do.
November   2
,,         16
27
Scottish Commercial Insurance Co., Lunatic Asylum,New Westr.
1,183 75
38,067 26 344
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Graving Dock, Esquimalt.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February
ii
V
5
7
7
28
4
6
9
23
27
5
8
4
1
5
30
3
21
25
1
2
4
5
7
.   9
15
1
8
12
29
6
16
23
2
9
16
20
27
28
Collector of Customs, duty on casks, ner "Aboyne " *	
$
97
6,300
84
182
6,300
84
24
182
27
160
75
15
6,300
84
294
182
182
182
8
240
51
20
6,300
84
80
50
250
60
250
250
182
80
2,100
16,590
419
428
2,200
182
750
35
80
182
100
3,031
80
950
550
182
1,273
350
1,000
80
182
2,167
300
1,498
.  10
cts.
60
00
00
25
00
00
00
25
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
25
25
25
60
00
79
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
25
00
00
34
40
50
00
25
00
00
00
25
00
91
00
00
00
25
12
89
72
00
25
38
00
88
00
James Watt & Co., London, instalment on pumping machinery
Bank of British Columbia, interest on draft paid in London
Kinipple & Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Bank of British Columbia, interest on draft paid in London
Kinipple k Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Do.       landing and storing cement and strengthening bldg.
"
James Watt k Co., instalment on pumping machinery 	
Bank of British Columbia, interest on draft paid in London
W R Clarke, contract for moving coal from shed on Thetis Isd.
Kinipple k Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Do.                               do.                               do.
Do.                              do.                               do.
James Watt & Co., instalment on pumping machinery 	
Julj   	
Bank of British Columbia, interest on draft paid in London
August...
Kinipple k Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
W Selleck, rent of store, 1 month   	
T W Wood, purchase money, lots 49, 50, 54, and 55, sub-div. 21
Finlayson k Tolmie, purchase money and interest, lot 22	
G Morrison, purchase money, lots 51, 52, 56, and 57	
?)
Kinipple & Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
H P P Crease, purchase money on lot 53 	
J P Davies, appraising improvements on lots  	
Septembei
ji
Kinipple k Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Northern Insurance Co., insurance of building and material
Anderson, Anderson k Co., insurance and  half freight  of machinery, per " Mountain Laurel "   	
October...
Do.       purchase money, lots 43, 44, and 45	
"
W D Gossett           do.           lots 46 and 47	
j,   ...
Kinipple & Morris, on ac. commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Collector of Customs, duties on machinery, per " Hilarion "
Do.                 duty on casks f  	
November
Barque " Hilarion," freight and wharfage on machinery 	
3)
Kinipple k Morris, on ac, commission, salary of Resident Engr.
Reed Bros, k Co., instalment on cofferdam 	
J Bennett, instalment on contract for building storehouse	
Reed Bros. & Co., instalment on cofferdam 	
G Francis, buggy hire for Chief Commissioner	
Total	
63,387 63
* The duty on cement per ' 'Aboyne" was not collected, the overpayment on the shipment per * 'Prince of "Wales" for an equal
quantity being accepted by the Collector of Customs.
| These casks, containing the earlier shipments of cement, were originally passed free, but the Collector of Cujstoms demanded
duty thereon, alleging that they were a merchantable commodity and intended as such when ordered. 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
345
Detailed Expenditure, Miscellaneous Services.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February   16
21
March     1
JuDe     7
„    ...... 21
July   22
October...  20
November 22
March  14
June  7
„      15
»      12
..      16
„      21
August... 8
October... 30
November 20
Feb. to Nov.
March & June
April   12
June    12
,,
July      5
July & Octr.
August ...   !
September 14
October...    3
5
9
„ 12
November    2
20
Fuel and Light.
Engelhardt & Co., coal and wood  	
Do. do. 	
Do. do.  ,	
Do. do. 	
Victoria Gas Co., gas for quarter ending 28th March ,
Do. do. 28th June ;
Engelhardt & Co., coal and wood   ,
Victoria Gas Co., gas for quarter ending 28th September.,
Engelhardt & Co., coal and wood  ,
Stationery.
Barnard & Co., express charges on parcels	
R T Williams, binding Reports, Township Records, etc.
Barnard & Co., carriage of parcels	
Hibben & Co., stationery	
W Harrison, sundries for office   	
R W Deane, mounting maps	
J Murray, repairs to roller belt   	
W A Franklin, carriage of parcels 	
E T Hamblet, mechanical dictionary 	
Hibben k Co., stationery 	
R T Williams, bookbinding	
Hibben k Co., stationery 	
Barnard & Co., carriage of parcels	
Telegrams.
Telegraph Office, various telegrams   	
Miscellaneous Services not detailed.
W Halpenny, subscription to Standard  ,
W Jones, sundries for office	
A R Howse, assistance in office with map of Langley.,
R Horth, buggy hire ,
J K Suter, subscription to Mainland Guardian ,
D Deasy, washing towels  ,
E White, subscription to Colonist, half year	
C McCormack   do. Standard,      do ,
A Rickman, matches and sundries 	
J Finlayson, sundries for office	
H Lyne, subscription to Colonist	
Brown k White, towelling	
J Hepburn, temporary assistance	
Water Commissioner, water rate ,
T C Jones, taking charge of Government boat	
N Shakespeare, subscription to Nanaimo Free Press   ..
$  cts.
61 25
140 00
12 25
178 25
99 50
74 00
23 00
42 50
26 25
4 00
375 40
3 00
52 50
2 85
2 50
1 00
2 50
19 00
14 50
41 80
37 25
2 25
4 25
2 12
6 00
2 50
1 50
6 00
6 50
6 25
10 50
6 87
3 25
9 00
31 50
10 00
5 00
5 50
Total Miscellaneous Services,.
$     cts.
657 00
558 55
232 00
116 74
1,564 29 346
Report of Public Works.
1876
TENDERS RECEIVED AND CONTRACTS AWARDED,
During the year ended 31st December, 1876.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria Citt.
Repairs to the Government Buildings, James
*   Bay	
$1590 00
1580 00
1563 00
1350 00
1600 00
1713  00
1250 00
1555 00
1438 00
1359 00
550  00
597  00
685  00
732  00
750 00
8 501
6 00/
8 50
6 00
8 95
970 00
1285 00
1040 00
1398 00
1152  00
998 00
1060 00
1150 00
1270 00
2616 00
895 00
1300  00
1400 00
1170 00
1685 00
1936 00
1142 00
1200 00
1700 00
1250 00
1690 00
1825 00
3425 00
2000 00
2650  00
1890 00
2000  00
2250 00
McKillican & Elford	
Awarded.
»
Supply to Government House and the Government Oifices, James' Bay, with  coal
W R Clarke, coal	
Awarded.
Victoria District.
J McDowell	
Repairs, Saanich Road,   Stevens' to  Swan
J C M Davis	
Repairs, Cedar Hill and Mount Tolmie cross-
W Baker	
J C M Davis	
Repairs, East Saanich  road from  Pearse's
D A McDonald	
Awarded.
Repairs, East Saanich, Elk Lake to the Roy-
W Baker	
East Saanich road,  from Spott's to John's
DA McDonald	
Awarded.
J W-Carey	
WBaker	
WHick	
J C M Davis	 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
347
Tenders Eeceived and Contracts Awarded.—Continued.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount,
Award.
$ 724 00
747 00
1195 00
1400 00
990 00
300 00
450 00
1175 00
390 00
375 00
400  00
435  00
450 00
600 00
470 00
775  00
475 00
575  00
723  00
600 00
720 00
1500 00
1750 00
1900 00
2945 00
2000 00
800 00
840 00
875 00
895 00
1230 00
1300 00
180 00
190 00
325 00
300 00
268 00
300 00
450 00
365 00
320 00
329 00
395 00
475 00
895 00
1550 00
900 00
950  00
1500 00
174 00
350 00
395 00
Awarded.
W Baker ,	
Willis Bond	
W Baker	
*
Repairs, East Saanich road, near McDonald's
J C M Davis	
W Baker	
D A McDonald	
Esquimalt District.
J W McDonald 	
W  Baker	
W Baker	
Repairs, trail from Vines' to Sooke road	
C Vine	
Cowichan District.
Repairs, road from Sayward's Mill to  Har-
ADods	
Bell & Keir	
W C Duncan	
JC M Davis	
Repairs, Cowichan Flats road	
W C Duncan	
W A Miller	 348
Report of Public Works.
1876
Tenders Eeceived and Contracts Awarded.—Continued.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Road from Askew's to Lambkin's Bridge	
W A Miller	
$  650 00
1200 00
975 00
975 00
650 00
1050  00
1050 00
700 00
1075 00
1150 00
249 00
260 00
475 00
498 00
119 00
135 00
120 00
375 00
499 00
575 00
600 75
750 00
49 50
59 00
70 00
75 00
175 00
228 00
300  00
170 00
1439 00
650 00
950 00
3940 00
6506 00
13000 00
5050 00
7200 00
7090 00
14000 00
7500 00
2585 00
3740 00
2985 00
3725 00
5500 00
7500 00
3800 00
Awarded.
T CAskew	
Trunk Road—Repairs from Drinkwater's to
J C M Davis	
Awarded.
W Hick	
Comox District.
Awarded.
J McPhee	
J McPhee	
Awarded.
T II Piercy	
Awarded.
E T Garnett	
Awarded.
T H Piercy	
P G Smith :.
Awarded.
G Gartly	
P J Smith	
T H Piercy	
Awarded.
Awarded.
Yale District.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
D McDonald	
Lilloobt District.
R T Ward	 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
849
Tenders Eeceived and Contracts Awarded.—Concluded.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Murie & Maxfield	
$1885 00
3150 00
1390 00
4700 00
5000 00
290 00
500 00
740 00
1000 00
Kent per annum
Foot passengers e
Loaded animals ,
Awarded.
Murie & Maxfield	
Awarded.
Joseph Haller	
Awarded.
P Grinder	
Cariboo District.
Keeping the Barkerville-Stanley Sleigh Road
M Pinkerton 	
J Graham	
Awarded.
M Pinkerton 	
Awarded.
Kootenay District.
John T Galbraith
 $60 00
    1 00
        50
Cattle, slieep am 350 Report of Public Works. 1876
SURVEYS.
1876.
The system inaugurated in 1878 for the survey of the public lands of the Province,
has been continued during the past season,
A large area of land has been surveyed in the New Westminster and Yale Districts—■
the districts offording at present the largest quantity of good soil available for agricultural and pastoral purposes.
These surveys have not only been the means of settling numerous difficulties existing amongst the present settlers in these localities, but will also be instrumental in
facilitating the acquisition of land by intending Immigrants.
It is not, however, contemplated to continue the expense of surveying large districts
upon the same scale until the influx of population and the financial circumstances of the
Province warrant the expenditure.
In New Westminster District during the past season, Messrs. Stephens, Turner, and
Jemmett, have been engaged adjusting settlers claims and sub-dividing Townships.
The claims on the North Arm of Fraser Eiver, and the majority of those suitable
in Chilliwhack and Sumass, have been satisfactorily defined.
Probably during the ensuing season one survey party will be able to survey all the
land that it will be advisable to sub-divide and settle, and enclose all the claims that are
not at the present time included in the official surveys.
I annex a plan of New Westminster District complete to date.
Large tracts of land have been surveyed in the Osoyoos Division of Yale District,
and the settlers claims adjusted by Mr John Jane.
It is estimated that another season's work will join the surveys in Nicola Valley,
Thompson Eiver, and the Okanagan and Mission Valleys, and place this Department in
possession of sufficient information to prepare a map of these important settlements.
1 beg to submit a return of the surveys executed during the past year:—•
New  Westminster District.
Township No. 2.
Lot 363, Group 2 in Section 1, surveyed by Mr. George Turner.   Acreage, 174.
Township No. 8.
Lots 361, 363, and 364, Group 2, in Section 6, surveyed by Mr. George Turner.
Acreage, 480.
Township No. 13.
Subdivision of Sections 3,4, 5,6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15,16, 17, 18,19, 20, 21, 28, 29, 30, 31,32,
and 33, have been completed by Mr. E. Stephens.   Acreage, 13,440.
Township No. 17.
The south-west quarter of Section 3, and Lots 198, 199, 200, and 213, have been
completed by Messrs. McClure and Turner.     Acreage, 1,840.
Township No. 23.
Sections 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, fractions of 11 and 12, and Lots 275, 276, 277,
and 278, Group 2, have been completed by Mr. B. Stephens. This portion of Township
23 consists of a number of small Islands in the Eraser Eiver.    Acreage, 3,600.
Township No. 26.
Subdivision of Sections 7, 8, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
31, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36, have been completed, aDd the settlers' claims satisfactorily adjusted by Mr. George Turner.   Acreage, 14,400. 41
NEW WESTMINSTER
mm '
49VPARALLEL NORTH LATITUDE.
^7     ^
s   a   ja   ©   a    ®   ar
aaaaa.   a®5aw
2>A4Wv ^rEG.Richards J?Arh&W.EtPr Victoria,B.C.
giriTprti, reY * ca urn* s-f- 40 Vie. Report of Public Works. 351
Township No. 27.
Subdivision of Sections 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and portions of Sections 2, 7, 8, and 10, have
been completed and the settlers' claims adjusted by Mr. G. Turner.   Acreage, 4,759.
Township No. 30.
Portions of Sections 6 and 7 have been surveyed by Mr. W. D. Patterson.  Acreage, 400.
Group One.
All the settlers' claims on the North Arm of Fraser River have been surveyed and
adjusted by Mr. W. S. Jemmett.    Acreage, 5,000.
Lots 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 312, 351,
352, 353, and 354, have been surveyed by Messrs. Jemmett, Turner, and Patterson.
Acreage, 3,814.
Total acreage for New Westminster District, 47,907.
Yale District.
Kamloops Division.
Lot 400, Group 1, surveyed by Mr. John Jane.   Acreage, 187.
Osoyoos Division.
Lots 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 115, and 116,
surveyed by Mr. W. Ealph.    Acreage, 5,552.
Mr. John Jane has been prosecuting the surveys of the Goldstream and Priests
Valleys, and has succeeded in satisfactorily adjusting nearly all the claims in that
neighbonrhood.    The following is a list of Townships surveyed by Mr. Jane :—
Township No. 3.
Portions of Sections 19, 20, 21, 29, and 30.   Acreage, 960.
Township No. 6.
Subdivision of Sections 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, and portions of Sections 22, 23, 24, 25,
and 26.    Acreage, 4,800.
Township No. 8.
Subdivision of Sections 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, and 12.   Acreage, 6,840.
Township No. 9.
Subdivision of Sections 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, and
34. Acreage, 11,520.
Township No. 20.
Subdivision of portion of Sections 2, 3, 10, 11, 14, and 15.    Acreage, 1,920.
Township No. 23.
Portions of Sections 23, 24, and 26.    Acreage, 1,280.
Township No. 25.
Portions of Sections 12, 13, 24, and 25.    Acreage, 880.
Township No. 26.
Subdivision of Sections 7, 8,16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 34,
35, and 36.    Acreage, 12,800.
Lots 31, 32, and 33, Group 1, surveyed by Mr. George Turner.    Acreage, 1,157.
Total acreage for Yale District, 47,896.
Several claims have been surveyed in Nanaimo, Wellington, Newcastle, Comox, and
Barclay Districts; the acreage of same amounting to 1,799. 352
Report of Public  Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
February   28
June     3
,    12
30
July    1 1
„     20
August,
...  18
September   7
October...  12
„       ... 20
November   2
Mareh   13
June .,.,., 10
Turner's Party.
G Turner, salary to 2nd November, 1875  Arrears 1875
Do.     surveying pre-emption	
H V Edmond's vouchers :—
J C Todd, ferriage	
Indian, Lame Charles, packing	
Do.    Charlie, do	
Do.    Sam, do	
T L Budlong, chainman	
J Scott, ferriage	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
S J Knevett, stationery	
Indian Jim, canoeing	
C J Major, provisions	
J S Clute,        do ,
E Shepherd, wages as axeman	
R A Hume	
Indian William	
Do.   Jim	
Steamer " Royal City," passages  	
H Holbrook, provisions	
0 Jackson, tinware	
Mrs. Eeary, board	
Indian Cotton, canoe hire	
Do.   Laumett, packer	
Do.   Joe, canoeing	
J Farr, dry goods	
F Dumville, potatoes 	
W Webb, do.      and team hire	
J A Blanchard, moving camp	
J Kip]), team hire	
A C Wells	
J A Webster, provisions	
T L Budlong, chainman	
W S Wells, cook	
G R Ashwell, provisions	
Do. do	
H Kipp, provisions and hauling	
T L Budlong, chainman	
C S Young, wages	
R Nowell, beef	
W S Wells, salary	
J Thompson, provisions	
J S Clute, do	
Wells Bros., beef.	
E Turner's salary, two months	
T L Budlong, chainman	
J McCutcheon, repairs to tripod	
Alexis, Indian, canoe hire	
J A Blanchard, team hire „	
Indian Peter, canoe hire	
R Hume, salary as axeman	
Do. do. 	
D Nelmes, beef.	
W Wells, cook	
R Dickinson, meat	
J Kipp, beef	
Stephens' Party.
E Stephens, ene month's salary Arrears, 1875
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments	
Carried forward.,
$    cts.
261 61
53 22
1 25
5 00
5 00
5 00
10 00
1 25
12 25
6 00
110 22
41 13
40 00
40 00
4 50
2 00
28 00
16 25
6 37
7 00
22 93
4 00
7 50
3 70
3 75
4 40
2 50
3 00
12 60
31 85
100 00
80 00
38 17
30 50
16 54
50 00
18 38
12 77
40 00
55 00
34 00
23 60
300 00
50 00
1 50
5 00
3 00
5 75
120 00
30 67
4 80
40 00
4 19
6 58
150 00
1 75
161 75
$     cts
1,821 73
1,821 78 40 Vie.
Report of Public Works.
358
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
Brought forward,,
June  30
July   14
,,     17
..     29
August..,
25
October...    2
12
20
June  15
»     19
.,     27
July   25
August... 3
>■       .» 7
„        ... 18
September 26
October... 20
Stephens' Party,—Continued.
H V Edmonds' vouchers :—
H Holbrook, provisions	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
J Knowles, cook	
Indian labor	
P Arnaud, board for party	
Steamer "Royal City," passages	
G McLeod, cook	
Indian Charley, labor	
Indian Joe, labor	
E Stephens, on account of salary	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
Indian George, packer	
Indian Peter,        do	
E Stephens, on account of salary	
DAN Ogilvy, salary as chainman ,
Thos Yardley, do.  ,
E Stephens' vouchers :—
Indians, axemen, packing and canoeing ,
D W Miller, provisions	
G R Ash well, lumber    	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
A Grey, axeman, wages ,
Indian George, labor . ,
Do. cook ,
Indian, Chilliwhack George, labor	
Do.  George, butter	
J Greig, chainman  ., ,
J Ussher's vouchers :—
JF Guerin, marking irons  Arrears 1875
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
Mrs Carey, meals	
D W Miller, provisions	
P Arnaud, meals	
H Holbrook, provisions	
R Dickinson, meat	
Jane's Party.
Barnard k Co., stage fares and freight, survey party.
E B Marvin, 1 blanket cover	
Mcintosh k McPhadden, waggon and harness ,
C A Vernon, flour	
J Lavou, horse (proportion)	
Mara k Wilson, provisions	
Barnard k Co., stage fare and freight	
H B Dart, meals and bed	
Mara & Wilson, saddle	
Mcintosh & McPhadden, beef (proportion) 	
J M Smith, axeman, wages	
L Girouard, flour	
Indian, packing	
A Postill, butter, meat, etc	
Indian Frank, rodman, wages	
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
Steamer "Royal City," fares	
C Pagden, salary on account	
Steamer "Enterprise," fare of C Pagden	
Do.     "Royal City," do. 	
Carried forward.,
$    cts.
151 75
142 34
5 70
12 00
35 00
37 50
36 00
19 09
49 00
250 00
48 00
40 00
250 00
194 25
155 54
65 00
3 67
63
146 15
85 00
86 33
5 50
1  35 -
155 38
6 00
9 50
78 15
6 00
175 16
104 70
89 00
5 00
360  00
18 00
25 00
158 84
46  75
2  50
25  00
19 00
33 00
15 00
2  50
20 40
55 00
11 50
150 00
6 75
9 00
1,052 24
$     cts.
1,821 73
2,354 60
4,176 33 354
Report of Public Works.
1876
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.— Continued.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
October... 20
November 13
June
July
16
20
30
30
14
29
Brought forward „
Jane's Party,—Continued.
P Arnaud, board  .
Indian Jim, horse hire	
J Ninex, hunting for horse strayed	
Indian Daniel, messenger	
Indians pay sheets—axemen, packers, etc	
A Francois, beef	
F Brent, mutton	
Okanagan Mission, ham	
W Smithson, provender and vegetables	
P Parke, blacksmithing and beef.	
A Postill, butter ,	
C A Vernon, flour and beef.	
V Dutean, beef and vegetables ,
H Ingrams, hay, oats and meals	
Duck & Pringle, meals	
O'Keefe & Greenhow, meals	
Mara & Wilson, provisions and stationery....,
Mcintosh & McPhadden, board and lodging.
Ah Fou, cook, wages ,
JF Guerin, blacksmithing	
Duck & Pringle, meals ,
H Ingram, do ,
Mcintosh & McPhadden, meals	
Do. do	
A Shaw, chainman ,
N Hare, board ,
J T Jones, meals, etc	
H B Dart,        do	
G Tuttle, do	
A M Nelson,    do ,
Steamer "Royal City," passages	
P Arnaud, meals	
Steamer "Enterprise," passages ,
J C Hickson, salary as chainman	
F J Barnard & Co., fares and freight	
C Pagden, balance of wages as chainman....
August...    7
18
19
24
September   7
Jemmett's Party,
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
J A Webster, provisions	
H Holbrook,        do. 	
F Peterson, axeman, wages 	
R Hume, chainman, wages	
C G Major, stores	
E P Anderson, axeman ;	
J D Gallagher, cook, wages	
A C Martin, chainman	
P Greenish, axeman	
H Daniels,        do	
C E Woods, chainman	
Mrs Rowlings, milk, etc	
W J Jemmett, survey of Lots 1, 2 and 3 ....
H Holbrook, provisions	
P McQuade, tent	
W J Jemmett, salary	
Do. disbursements, canoe hire, etc.,
E Dickinson's vouchers :—
McOleery Bros., meat	
/
Carried forward.,
$  cts.
1,052 24
2 00
2 00
5 00
4 00
162 85
10 00
18 00
7 75
26 00
19 00
4
2
5
14 50
140 20
11 00
3 00
3 00
6 50
1 50
223 33
10 00
11 00
6 00
3 00
3 00
15 00
2 00
13 50
180 00
48 10
50 00
42 98
38 55
26 18
27 72
19 75
55 39
66 15
43 08
10 77
40 00
82 69
9 50
7 50
12 22
6 50
276 92
13 00-
10 64
789 54
$  cts.
4,176 33
2,089 10
6,265 43 40 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
355
Detailed Expenditure, Surveys.— Concluded.
Date.
Particulars.
Amount.
Total.
September
June
7
June    29
August...  13
November 15
October... 30
November 13
May    16
June   12
July   11
August... 9
September 8
October... 13
„        ... 30
November
Brought forward.,
R Dickinson,        do	
Capt Jemmett, survey of Lots 1, 2 and 3..
Lasqueti Island.
J W Carey, contract in full.
Salt Spring Island.
G Purser, chaining	
A H Green, surveying
Surveying Reserves, Cassiar,
A W Vowell's voucher :—
W W Russell, surveying Reserves, Laketon
Osoyoos.
W Ralph, salary, surveying ,
Dyking, Sumass,
A G Pinder, salary, chainman	
Indian Moses, messenger	
Do.   Charlie, assistant	
Do.  David, guide	
Do.   Skokum, packer	
P Arnaud, meals	
Indian Jack, vegetables	
L Agassiz, oats	
Steamer " Enterprise," fares	
J F Allison, horse hire	
D W Miller, provisions	
J Wells, meat, etc	
L Toop, chainman	
A Bidgood, house rent and vegetables..
Indian Jack, cook	
Do.  Peter, chainman	
General Surveys.
Steamer " Reliance," freight of boat....
D Withrow, paints, etc 	
F W Green, repairs to compass	
Matthews, Richards & Co., ironware ....
E B Marvin, tents  (proportion)	
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments .
F W Green, repairs to instrument	
W L Gore, prismatic compass	
Total Surveys.,
$    cts.
789 54
53 56
3 00
2 50
15 00
76 56
1
00
1
50
1
50
50
2
00
75
6
65
7
50
20
00
16
14
5 72
42 00
5 00
47 76
11 00
2 00
14 50
15 00
19 75
16 00
50
5 00
25 00
$     cts.
6,265 43
846 10
1,755 00
17 50
30 00
752 92
245 58
97 75
10,010 28 356
Report of Public Works.
1876
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