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ANNUAL REPORT ON THE ASYLUM FOR THE INSANE, FOR THE YEAR 1883. NEW WESTMINSTER, BRITISH COLUMBIA. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1884

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 Annual   Report
on the
ASYLUM  FOR  THE  INSANE,
FOB  THE
YEAR  1883.
i
NEW  WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard WoLFBsraK, Government Printer,
lit iki StoveraBMt Printing Qttat, Jaam* Buy.
1884.  47 Vic. Report on the Asylum for the Insane 335
REPORT
ON THE
ASYLUM   FOR   THE   INSANE,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
YEAR  1883.
To the  Honourable Clement F. Cornwall,   Lieutenant-Governor   of the  Province   of
British Columbia:
May it ple-ase Your Honour':
I have the honour, herewith, to respectfully submit the Annual Report of the Superintendent of the Asylum for the Insane, for the year 1883.
.    JNO. ROBSON,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
26th January, 1884.  47 Vic. Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 337
Provincial Asylum for the Insane,
New Westminster, 12th January, 1884.
Sir:
I have the honour to transmit you the Annual Report of the Receipts and Disbursements
of the Asylum for the Insane, for the term of one year, commencing January 1st, 1883, and
ending December 31st, 1883; also a Tabular Statement of the working of the Asylum, which
you will find correct; also the Doctor's Report, and his recommendations,  of which I fully
approve.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
J. PHILLIPS,
Superintendent.
To the Honourable John Robson.
Provincial Secretary,  47 Vic. Report on the Asylum for the Insane. 339
REPORT.
 o	
MEDICAL OFFICER'S REPORT.
New Westminster,
January 12th, 1884.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following Report on the British Columbia Asylum
for the Insane:—
By reference to the Annual Statistical Tables, you will find a full report of the operations
of this Institution for the year ending the 31st December, 1883.
The total number received during the year was eight; the number discharged, five; and
the number of deaths, three—two whites and one Chinaman.
The number of patients contained in the building (49) exceeds the capacity of convenient
accommodation by 10. One room, which was intended for convalescent patients, contains five
beds; a bath room, two beds; and in the women's ward, two beds have to be made up in their
sitting room for want of other accommodation.
The want of a greater number of sitting rooms is felt very much. The impossibility of
separating those of the patients who are improving from those with chronic mania, without
locking them up in their rooms, is very serious. The corridors which might be used are dark
and gloomy.
The seats in the sitting rooms consist of a single row of hard wooden benches, not affording
accommodation sufficient for all at the same time; so most of the patients are to be found
either lying or crouching on the floor.
The method of heating the building by stoves and open fire-places is not good; not only
from the uneven temperature, but as a source of danger. In fact some clothing has been burnt
by a patient while in an excited state.
The ventilation and lighting of the building is also bad, the windows being so high that
the outside world can only be seen by standing on a table—the only use to which that article
of furniture in the sitting rooms is put.
The water, which I have examined on several occasions, is good. The food wholesome
and sufficient.
The outside inclosed grounds for recreation are two bare hard yards, with half a dozen
benches—affording neither shelter from wet, nor shade from the heat of the sun.
The vegetable garden might be enlarged, so that sufficient vegetables could be grown to
supply the institution during the whole year.
The grounds in front of the building, available if inclosed, could be made beautiful, giving
not only- recreation but healthful exercise to a number of the patients.
In view of the foregoing facts, I have great hopes that should these evils be remedied, a
number of the patients now in the building might recover to a great extent.
In closing this report, I wish to mention that I have been very much pleased by the kind
and humane treatment of the unfortunate creatures committed to their care, by the Superintendent and Matron,
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
R. I. BENTLEY, M.B.,
Medical Officer, B, €.; Asylum,
To the Honourable John Robson,
Provincial Secretary. ..'.....    ... 340
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1884
STATEMENT showing the number of Patients admitted, discharged, and died, from January
1st, 1883, to December 31st, 1883; also the number remaining in the Asylum, December
31st, 1883.
Males.
Females.
Total.
41
8
8
49
8
49
8
57
4
1
3
4
1
3
8
8
41
8
49
The following pages furnish a full statistical account of the operations of the Asylum in
tabular form, with explanatory headings to each table.
Table A.
Showing the place of residence from which eight patients were admitted, from January 1st,
1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Place of Residence.
Males.
Females.
Total.
5
2
1
5
2
1
8
8
Tabjuk B.
Showing the nativity of eight patients admitted from January  1st,  1883, to December 31st
1883.
Nativity.
Canada	
Germany	
England	
Russia	
United States	
Males.
Females.
Total. 47 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
841
Table C.
Showing the age of eight patients at the time of their admission, from January  1st,   1883, to
December 31st, 1883.
Ages.
Males.
2
1
2
1
2
Females.
Total.
2
Between 30 and 35	
1
Between 35 and 40	
2
1
2
8
8
Table D.
Showing the supposed cause of insanity as stated in commitments of eight patients from
January 1st,. 1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Supposed   Cause.
Males.
Females.
Total.
2
1
1
2
,    1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
8
8
Table E.
Showing the class of insanity of eight patients, at the time of their admission, from January
1st, 1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Form of Disease.
Males.
Females.
Total.
4
2
1
1
4
2
1
1
8
8
Table F.
Showing the civil condition of eight patients at the time of their admission, from January 1st,
1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Civil Condition.
Single .
Males.
Females.
Total.
21 342
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1884
Table Q.
Showing the occupation of eight patients admitted, from January 1st, 1883, to December 31st,
1883.
Occupation.
Males.
Females.
Total.
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
5
8
8
Table H.
The following table exhibits the number of admissions, recoveries, discharges, deaths,
escapes, number resident at the close of each year, increase and decrease each year, number
treated each year, and in the aggregate. Also the ratio of recoveries and deaths each year,
from October 12th, 1872, to December 31st, 1883:—
Years.
oo
a
a
'55
OS
1
S
'fl
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O
©
-a
s
o
a
P
13
OJ
bO
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60
03
CO
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M
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0J w
0
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©
m
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Whole number Treated.
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11
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11
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Ph
1872	
18
15
12
29
22
14
17
18
19
14
7
8
1
10
4
3
11
5
8
5
6
6
3
4
2
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
5
3
10
6
4
8
8
5
5
2
3
1
1
16
14
19
32
35
37
36
41
48
48
49
49
5
12
2
2
2
2
IS
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
60
62
55
57
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
35.71
47.05
27.77
31.57
42. So
42.85
50.00
5 55
1873	
16 12
1874	
10.17
20 83
1875 	
1876	
11.11
1877	
8.16
1878	
14.81
1879	
5
7
14.81
1880	
8.33
1881	
8.06
1882	
1
3.63
1883	
5.26
193
66
17
60
2
34
4 47 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
343
Table I.
Account of articles purchased and consumed, and other expenses for the year, from the 1st
January, 1883, to 31st December, 1883.
Articles.
Butter	
Sugar.	
Oatmeal	
Sal Soda	
Tea	
Tobacco 	
Eggs	
Coffee	
Cheese	
Sago	
Ham	
Apples	
Matches	
Coal Oil	
Currants and Raisins	
Worcestershire  Sauce	
Brooms and Brushes	
Pepper and Salt	
Soap	
Rice	
Flour	
Mustard	
Syrup	
Corn Starch	
Pearl Barley.	
Lime	
Small Groceries	
Fish	
Beef and Mutton	
Potatoes and Vegetables	
Bread 	
Milk	
Fuel	
iDrugs 	
Clothing, Slippers and Hats ...
Funeral Expenses	
Post Office Box and Stamps...
Furniture, Bedding and Lamps.
Discharged Patient	
Miscellaneous	
Salaries	
Transport of Lunatics and Keepers..
House Repairs—
Repairing brick drain	
Repairing valley and lock, &c.
Repairing floor	
4 lights glass	
Pump	
Water main	
Value.
$   510 79
244 14
45 10
10 00
125 08
142 40
36 75
13 25
28 65
15 00
52 90
25 80
5 36
82 50
15 45
15 00
10 50
6 72
34 25
3 75
27 50
9 00
30 00
2 00
2 46
2 50
17 56
70 00
1,482 37
330 26
776 10
337 31
537 50
109 50
293 37
40 00
10 00
156 94
11 35
27 50
6,033 50
19 00
4 75
24 35
75
9 25
72 58
11,730 11
298 25
130 68
Ta'ients are charged with all expenses except transport of lunatics and keepers, and house repairs. 344
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
1884
Table J.
Showing the articles made in the Matron's Department from January 1st, 1883, to December
31st, 1883.
Articles.
Number.
19
19
4
2
Skirts	
3
Table K
Showing the amount received from paying patients and other sources, from January 1st, 1883,
to December 31st, 1883.
January...
February ..
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August
September.
October....
November .
December..
$ 85 50
3 25
144 45
30 54
34 50
2C8 24
Table L.
Showing the average number of patients per month, and the cost per day and per month, from
January 1st, 1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Months.
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June   i
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
Yearly averages,
Average number
of Patients
daily.
49
49
48
49
49
48
48
49
49
49
49
49
Average daily
Expenses.
•|33 10
35 72
32 27
32 54
32 13
30 79
30 76
29 14
31 83
30 87
35 15
31 73
Average cost
per capita
per day.
0 67
73
67
66
65
63
63
59
64
63
71
64
Average cost
per capita
per month.
20 99
20 52
20 84
20 06
20 31
19 16
19 73
18 43
19 48
19 53
21 51
20 07
482
$ 32 17
65J
I 20 05£ 47 Vic.
Report on the Asylum for the Insane.
345
Table M.
Showing the Salaries of the staff of the institution.
Salaries.
Per Month.
Per Year.
$100 00
33 334
50 00
45 00
45 00
45 00
40 00
45 00
50 00
40 00
10 00
$1,200 00
Medical Officer	
400 00
600 00
540 00
540 00
540 00
480 00
540 00
600 00
Cook	
480 00
120 00
$503 33J
$6,040 00
Table N.
Showing products of Garden, from January 1st, 1883, to December 31st, 1883.
Articles.
Pounds.
1,023
1,410
3,016
220
10
5
Eadish                                                                  	
10
Acknowledgments
I am under many obligations to Rev. R. Jamieson, who has favoured us with religious
service once a week since 1st June last.
Also to Rev. Father Horris for his frequent visits, and for the interest he has manifested
in the affairs of the Asylum.
My thanks are due, and hereby tendered, to  the  publishers  of the following newspapers
for copies of the same, viz.: British Columbian and Mainland Guardian.
Also to Hon. M. W. T. Drake, for copies of the Graphic,
J. PHILLIPS,
Superintendent B. C. Asylum for the Insane.
New Westminster, B. C,
January 14th, 1884-

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