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British Columbia.
VICTORIA: Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer,
at the Government Printing Office, James' Bay.
18  42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 257
Fiscal Year terminating 31st December, 1878.
To the Honourable Albert Norton Eichards, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of
British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:—
I have the honour, herewith, to lay before you the Annual Eeport of the Department, as required by the "Public "Works Amendment Act, 1873."
The Eeport contains a statement of the construction and cost of maintenance of
various public works during the year 1878.
A detailed account of expenditure, from the first January to the 30th June, is added,
while the outlay for the balance of the year will be found in the Public Accounts.
Appended, also, are statements with reference to the survey of new lines of road,
and reports thereon ; surveys and sales of Provincial lands; and a schedule of the
tenders for works submitted to contract.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, 31st December, 1878.   42 "Vic Report of Public Works. '259
&c, &c, &c
The last year was an exceptional one, in a legislative point of view—two sessions
having been held during that period. The first session was convened on the 7th
February and lasted until the 10th of April; shortly after which a dissolution of the
House took place. The political changes, which followed, led to the retirement from
office of my predecessor and his colleagues on the 27th June last. The House next met
on the 29th July, and closed its session in September. The present report being an
annual one, as prescribed by Statute, must therefore necessarily embrace the period of
six months immediately preceding my induction in office.
During the first, or April, Session, one-half only of the Estimates submitted by the
late Government for public works was voted, except in the instance of Kootenay, to
which district the full amount set down was allotted on account of its distance from the
seat of Government.
Even these greatly reduced Estimates of expenditure were, I regret to say, found,
after a careful examination of the public accounts, to be far in excess of provincial means
to meet them. Large quantities of road work, which had been commenced in May and
June in some of the Electoral Districts, had consequently to be stopped without delay.
Several road parties were disbanded, and it was also found necessary to dispense with
the services of foremen who had for some years past been almost constantly employed by
the Government.
The expenditure for the last half-year has, therefore, been unavoidably confined to
works of absolute necessity. Fortunately the year has not been unfavourable to such a
course, as no material damage has been sustained by roads or bridges from river freshets
or from storms.
The unfinished contracts of 1877 have been completed and the contractors paid.
The condition of the public buildings of the Province is satisfactory, and the outlay
upon them for repairs may be regarded as unimportant. From this general observation
Government House must, unfortunately, be excepted. During the October rains, this
building commenced to leak so badly that considerable loss seemed inevitable from
impending destruction to the ceilings, walls, and furniture of some of the principal
apartments, into which the water very freely flowed from defects in the roof. A
mechanic was at once sent to examine the building and report upon the minimum amount
of work necessary to stop the leaks, and thereby prevent further damage. From a rough
estimate—for a close one was impossible—it was considered that a sum ranging between
$250 and $400 would accomplish this object. Under the pressing circumstances mentioned, the necessary repairs were ordered to be made as rapidly as the weather would
permit. On stripping portions of the roof, as the rain now and then abated, its condition
proved much worse than was anticipated. Shingles apparently sound were found to be
split or rotten, entailing the necessity of re-shingling the entire roof. The gutters were
also found to be full of holes and cracks, as well as out of grade,—defects which caused
the water to run down the sides of the building, destroy the outside plastering, and
make the walls on the inside of the House wet. The timbers supporting the valley
gutters, proved to be badly strained and decayed, and the principal part of the tinwork
utterly worn out. To stop the work in such weather, or to defer its execution to a
future day, would have been impossible, without incurring the certain penalty of great
damage to the interior, and of adding largely to the cost hereafter of repairs. These unforeseen difficulties caused the original estimate to be considerably exceeded; but it is 260 Report of Public Works. 1878
satisfactory to be able to state, that the expense thus incurred will indirectly save the
Government a much larger sum for more extensive repairs which would unquestionably have been forced upon the Province hereafter by the extension of the area of the
mischief by daily decay.
The advisableness of inviting public competition for this work, and doing it by
contract, was carefully considered before it was undertaken; but the urgency of the
occasion, as well as the impossibility of even approximately ascertaining the extent of
the repairs needed, prevented the adoption of such a course.
It may, perhaps, be well to mention that Government House when originally purchased by the Vancouver Island Government, in 1866, only consisted of the stone portion
of the structure, and that the wooden, or frame, portion has since been added piecemeal.
Prom the outset the building has been a continual source of heavy expense. This may
be partly accounted for by the composite form of the structure—part wood, part stone,
the one settling deeper than the other in some places, and more rapidly in others ; and
partly from the nature of the foundations of the wooden portion, some of the sills of
which rest on piers placed on rock, while others are laid on clay. These irregularities
in the foundations cause the building to settle unevenly, and thereby damage the gutters
and crack the plaster and ceilings. The building is also too low, or, in other words,
the floors are too close to the ground, which gives very imperfect ventilation, and causes
injury to the sills, joists, and flooring. The house and furniture are insured for the sum
of $31,000, which is much below the estimated value of the property.
The ventilation of the House of Assembly has been much improved by cutting out
six panels in the dome and introducing wire cloth. Large openings have also been cut
in both ends of the roof and been covered with similar material.
The repairs to the other buildings have been small, consisting of repairs to gutters
and discharge pipes, portions of verandas, renewal of locks, glazing, &c, &c.
The two entrances from Fort Street to the School Eeserve, purchased by the
Government last year, have been graded and macadamized from the street to the school
fence. The entrances are graded 18 feet clear of the ditches. A large quantity of
blasting was required to carry out the work, which was done by the chain-gang. A very
convenient carriage drive can now be made from one entrance to the other, past the
principal door of the school building.'
The Government grounds, James' Bay, have been further improved during the
year, the gravel walks extended, and the ground levelled and laid down in grass. A
moderate outlay will complete the grading of these grounds. A few trees will be
required along the Menzies Street boundary of the reserve, in order to effectually shelter
the grounds from the south-west winds.
The gaol prisoners have been employed during the latter part of the year in grading
the pathway on Fort Street, near Moss Street. This work entailed the removal of a
large quantity of rock. The path has been covered with a layer of broken stone, and
when completed will be gravelled and rolled. The Municipal Council of Victoria have
agreed to pay all the expenses for the tools and material used in the work.
In Victoria District all the work carried out to the 30th June was performed by
day work, under the supervision of competent foremen. The cross road from Cedar Hill
Church to the Saanich Eoad has been materially improved, the low places having been
graded and gravelled, and the grades also reduced. The East Saanich Eoad has been
extended to Eyan's, on Shoal Harbour. The roads throughout this district are in a fair
condition. Some gravelling is required between Swan Lake and the Eoyal Oak, and
between Bryant's and the Prairie Tavern. The latter portion was graded in 1877. The
Mount Newton cross road requires some outlay.
The work on the Cofferdam at Esquimalt has been progressing very slowly during
the past year. Under the head of Esquimalt District will be found the report of the
Eesident Engineer, on the progress of the work, the condition of the cement stored at
Esquimalt; also copies of the correspondence between the Government and Messrs. Eeed
Bros. & Co.'s agent, the Eesident Engineer, and the Engineers-in-Chief, since the date
of the last return.
It being incumbent on the Government to erect the auxiliary pump in a suitable
position, for the purpose of pumping out the water behind the dam on its completion, a
platform on piles has been constructed under the personal supervision of the Eesident
Engineer, who anticipates that the pump will be in running order at an early date. 42 "Vic Report op Public Works. 261
No new contracts have been entered into since the date of the last annual Eeport on
Public Works, but, as therein stated, tenders have been received for the wrought
caisson, and arrangements made with the Chief Engineers to advertise for tenders for
the main dock work on the receipt of any telegram to that effect.
In Esquimalt District, all the road work carried out has been by day work. A sum
of nearly $200 was expended gravelling the Gorge road between the bridge and the
Craigflower-Colquitz bridge road. A deviation has been made on the Sooke road,
between the commencement of the burnt timber and the "Eagle's Nest," avoiding two
very steep hills. The new piece of road is practically level. The above-mentioned work
was performed prior to the 30th June last. Since that date a party commenced to cut a
trail from the North Fork of Leech Eiver to the head waters of San Juan Eiver, for the
purpose of decreasing the labour and expense of conveying provisions and tools to the
newly-reported gold mines in that neighbourhood. The trail party met with serious
difficulties, as bush fires raged in the woods during the greater part of the time they
were at work, and the foreman was in consequence compelled to return to Victoria, when
within about four miles of the terminus of the line.   His report will be found annexed.
In Cowichan District, new piles have been driven to replace the piles in the T, or
main part of the Cowichan wharf, which had been eaten through by the worms close to
the mud.   The wharf is now safe and will stand for some years.
A new wharf has been constructed in Miner's Bay, Mayne Island (Plumper's
Pass). It is long enough for the steamers plying between Victoria and New Westminster
to lie alongside at any stage of the tide, and has proved a great boon to the settlers.
Section 2 of the Cowichan and Goldstream road, placed under contract last year, has
been completed and the contractor, Mr. Joseph Nicholson, paid. This section is llf
miles in length, commencing at a point near Thain's, in Shawnigan District, and
terminating at the south end of Shawnigan Lake. Tenders were invited in 1877 for the
construction of Section No. 1 of this road, extending from Goldstream to Shawnigan
Lake, a distance of about 15 miles, but the contract Avas not awarded. Work was
commenced on this section on the 4th May last by a party of men under the foremanship
of Mr. George Jones. By the end of June some 1,700 yards of the road were graded 12
feet wide, at a cost of over $1,400. This being considered very expensive work, it was
deemed advisable to disband and pay off the road party, which was accordingly done
on the 3rd July. Several road contracts were let in this district, the particulars of which
will be found in a later portion of this report.
The Legislature having voted money for increased school accommodation at
Nanaimo, arrangements were made to purchase five town lots in Block 22, from the
Vancouver Coal Co. at a maximum price of $650. These lots are pleasantly situated on
the rising ground in about the centre of the city. Plans and specifications were prepared
for a now building, and tenders called for last Spring. The contract was awarded to
John Hilbert, who completed the structure a short time since. The work has been
accepted, and the contractor paid. The principal objection to the Old school house is
its close proximity to the railway of the Vancouver Coal Co., the trustees and teachers
being constantly afraid of accidents befalling the smaller children during play hours.
The house, when completed, will consist of a main building and two wings, two storeys
in height. The North wing, which has been lately finished, is 50 ft. by 24 ft.; the height
of the ceiling in the lower storey is 15ft. 6in., in the upper storey 12ft. 6in. Suitable desks
and seats have also been provided by the contractor.
The amount appropriated for the Nanaimo District has, with the exception of a
small sum, been expended in pushing forward work on the road from the town of
Nanaimo to Nanaimo Eiver bridge. The road has been opened to the bridge, and
moderate expenditure will complete it. The Wellington road has also been repaired.
A wharf has been built on Gabriola Island at a point nearly abreast of the Nanaimo
Rapids, which has proved a great convenience to the settlers.
The amount voted for Comox District has been disbursed for work done during the
year 1877, under instructions from the Road Superintendent, and for repairing the
Comox wharf. The piles of the wharf were found to have been eaten off by the worms
and were renewed. More piles were driven, and the T portion enlarged to enable
waggons to turn more conveniently. The large bridges over the Courtenay and
Puntledge Rivers are reported to be in good order. 262 Report op Public Works. 1878
The work in New Westminster District has been confined to repairing the existing
roads and bridges, with the exception of placing a portion of the Coast Meridian road
under contract, and constructing a sleigh road from the North-East road, opposite
Eodick's farm, to Hayman's clearing, a distance of about three-quarters of a mile. The
Coast Meridian road contract was let on the 3rd of June, but was stopped a month
afterwards on account of the limited means at the disposal of the Government. In the
detailed statement of expenditure annexed will be seen an item "J. Mcintosh, award of
arbitrators, $2,645 00." This claim arose out of a contract for the construction of
Section No. 4 of the New Westminster and Hope waggon road, let in the year 1874 to
James Mcintosh, .the contract price being §14,000. Mr. Mcintosh claimed that he was
entitled to compensation on account of a portion of the road, across Sumass Prairie,
having been changed from its original course along the flats to the foot hills,
necessitating a large quantity of extra blasting and heavy grading. The matter was
arbitrated upon in April, 1878, and an award made in favour of Mr. Mcintosh for the
full amount of his claim, without costs.
The Sumass Dyking Act, 1878.
Mr. E. L. Derby applied for and obtained, during the first Session of the past year,
a special Act of the Legislature for the purpose of dyking those portions of the
Chilliwhack, Sumass and Matsqui settlements which are subject to overflow from the
Fraser during high water. The Act provides that if Mr. Derby shall effectually dyke
these lands in accordance with plans and specifications furnished by the Chief
Commissioner, he shall receive certain grants of land from the Government, and be at
liberty to levy assessments on the lands benefited by the scheme. It is also stipulated
that the entire dyking shall be completed by the 1st July, 1880. Work was commenced
on the Matsqui portion in May last, and Mr. J. A. Navarre, C. E., was appointed to
supervise it by the Government. His report of progress will be found in the detailed
return of contracts for New Westminster District. Mr. Derby, I regret to state,
has not pushed forward the work with the rapidity anticipated. Nothing has been
done on the Chilliwhack and Sumass portions of the scheme up to date.
In the Osoyoos Division of Yale District a contract for the construction of a
log lock-up was let by my predecessor. The building is 24ft. by 13ft. inside measurements,
and is divided into a court room and two cells. The amount placed on the Estimates
for the structure was §400, while the lowest tender was $825. This difference arose
from the difficulty of obtaining suitable lumber and from the heavy cost of iron-work in
that neighborhood.    The work is still in the hands of the contractor.
That portion of the Yale-Cariboo trunk road passing through Yale District, and
about 116 miles in length, has been kept in good order, and the road foremen report it
to be in excellent condition. The snow fall having been light during the winter of
1877-78, no "breaks" of any consequence followed the Spring freshets. Although strict
economy has been exercised, a largo sum has been expended in the maintenance of this
thoroughfare. Old cribbing has been advantageously replaced with stone walls; bridges
have been renewed and a considerable amount of gravelling done.
The Mission Creole bridge, Okanagan, mentioned in the last report as having been
placed under contract, has been satisfactorily completed.
Section No. 2 of the Kamloops-Nicola Valley road, which was commenced by the
contractor, D. A. McDonald, last year, has been finished and accepted. Mr. McDonald
has made a claim for nearly $3,000 for alleged extra work on this road, but in the
absence of sufficient information respecting it, I have not as yet felt justified in allowing
it. Several small road contracts have been undertaken in different portions of the
District, the particulars of which will be found annexed. The Nicola-Hope trail has
been cleared and repaired at some cost. One truss bridge on this route has been
carried away by high water, and it will be necessary to replace it early in the Spring.
The other roads and trails in this extensive District have been carefully looked after,
and are in a very fair condition.
No works of any magnitude have been undertaken in Lillooet District this year,
with the exception of repairing that portion of the Yale-Cariboo trunk road included
within its limits. A quantity of gravelling has been done on this road, and it is reported
by the foreman to be in very good condition. Some bridges will require renewing next
Spring. In past years great difficulty has been experienced in obtaining the necessary
information to enable the Department to construct roads on the  Mainland above  Yale 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 263
in the most advantageous localities, and on the easiest obtainable grades. These
difficulties arose from there being no resident engineers or surveyors there. The
selection of the lines of new roads was entirely left to the judgment of different foremen
employed. Hence, many of the roads have enormously heavy grades and very sharp
curves, while a number of the bridges are much too low. It was therefore deemed
advisable to dispatch an engineer to survey certain lines of road in Lillooet and Cariboo
Districts. Mr. John Jane was employed for the purpose on the 28th of March last, and
completed his work in September. His plans and descriptive notes are now filed with
the Department and will be of value hereafter in settling the lines, curves, and grades
of the roads contemplated at the time he received his instructions.
In Cariboo District the only new work undertaken has been the construction of a
12ft. road from Barkerville to the new townsite of Carnarvon, distance H miles. This
road was required for the conveyance of quartz, mining and other machinery to the
mineral claims of that locality. A contract was entered into with Mr. D. McDonald to
clear the Omineca trail.    This work was satisfactorily performed for the  sum  of $300.
The Yale-Cariboo road, on leaving the 150-Mile House, follows a line over
Carpenter's   Mountain,   thence  via  Deep  Creek to   Soda  Creek. This road,  as
originally surveyed by the Eoyal Engineers, passed down the San Juan Valley,
by Williams Lake to the Fraser. thence following that river to Soda Creek. For
some reason the first survey was abandoned, and the contractor for the construction
of the road permitted to follow the Carpenter Mountain route. On several occasions
the policy of reverting to the first line has been pressed upon the Government, and as
strongly opposed. Mr. Jane, however, made an exhaustive survey of the first line. He
reports comparatively easy grades and light work until it reaches Fraser Eiver, thence
to Soda Creek, very heavy grading, cribbing, etc., etc. A large petition from teamsters
and others has been received, praying that this portion of the road may not be altered,
as the feed for their animals is more abundant along the present line. This important
protest, coupled with the fact that the alteration would prove very costly, has influenced
the Government against making the proposed change. On completing the above survey,
Mr. Jane laid out a new line of road from Stanley to Barkerville, via Jack of Clubs
Lake. This line has many substantial advantages over the present one. The grades
are easy, and the road would be clear of snow about six weeks earlier in the Spring
than the existing road over the mountain, as it has a southern aspect. Goods could
therefore be taken in at a correspondingly earlier date. The yearly cost of keeping the
present road from Stanley to Barkerville has been excessive owing to the roadway being
continually washed out by freshets from melting snow, and being constantly filled with
gravel and other slides from the mountain sides. As it passes over very high ground,
it is late in the season before ordinary teams can reach Barkerville. During the past
year no work has been done on this section other than what was absolutely necessary
for ordinary traffic. The bridges, culverts and cribbing throughout are in a very rotten
state, nothing material having been renewed since the road was first constructed. It
will therefore require a very considerable outlay during the ensuing season to make it
secure for the year's traffic. The road is also very narrow in a great many places.
It is probable that the new road, via Jack of Clubs Lake, might be constructed for the
same sum that it would take to keep the present road in repair for a period of say three
years. In the event of its adoption, there will bo no difficulty in letting a contract for
the work at the earliest practicable date.
No work has been done during the year on the Barkerville bulkhead by this
Department. To prevent the Government buildings from being embedded in tailings,
they were raised in the Spring, but from recent advices they will require to be raised to
a still greater height to save them from destruction.
In Kootenay District the original appropriation in the first part of the year, viz.,
$1,000, was authorized to be expended.
Cassiar District.
I regret that I have to report the total destruction by fire of the Government
buildings at Lakoton, together with the records, books and furniture contained in them.
The appropriation of $1,500, made during the first Session, has been expended in
erecting new offices, although this amount was intended for the improvement of the
accommodation for Government officers in different parts of the District. Mr. Eobertson was dispatched early in the season with the requisite material to repair the Taltan or first
North Fork bridge. ,The centre pier of this structure had settled down stream rendering
it unsafe. Mr. Eobertson reconstructed the bridge, introducing needle beams and braces,
and it will now, with a little care, stand, in all probability, for some time. The planking
will, however, require renewing during the coming season. The Dease Creek trail has
been thoroughly repaired, and the other trails in the District attended to.
A new trail has been cut from Thibert Creek to the newly-discovered auriferous
gulch known as Defot Creek.
A bridge should be built over Thibert Creek before the water rises, or otherwise
travel will be seriously impeded to Defot Creek,
It is generally supposed that a shorter and easier route can be found from some
point on the Glenora-Dease Lake trail to Defot Creek, but this can only be settled by
I submit herewith a more detailed statement of the various works carried out in the
different districts during the year.
Victoria Electoral District.
Eoads and Bridges.
Day Work.
The following work has been performed by day work, under the superintendence
of foremen, during the first half of the year:—
William H. Snider, foreman ; wages, $60 per month.
Eepairs, Cross Eoad from Cedar Hill Church to Saanich Eoad.
Grading, 967 yards, 18 feet wide.
Macadam, rock, 937 yards, 10 feot wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravel, 937      „      10        „ 6 „
3 culverts, 19 feet by 2J feet by 1} feet.
1       „       30     „      2     ,,        1     „
A considerable amount of cutting and filling was required on a portion of this road
to bring it to grade.
East Saanich Eoad, from McDonald's to Eyan's.
William Eeid, foreman ; wages, $80 per month.
Grading, 630 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravel,    570     ,,      10       „      '   6 inches deep.
1 bridge, 75 feet long, 12 feet wide, 8 feet high.
2 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
1        „        21     „       2      „       1J „
Eepairs, Mount Tolmie Cro3S Eoad, from Nicholson's to North Dairy bridge.
John Nicholson, foreman.
Grading, 25 yards.
Macadam, rock, 150 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravel, 150     „       10        „ 6 „
1 culvert, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
The usual, number of culverts has also been repaired, planks in bridges mended,
holes and ruts filled, &c, on the different roads throughout the district. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 266
Esquimalt Electoral District.
Esquimalt Graving Dock.
The Esquimalt Cofferdam is still in the hands of the contractors, Messrs. Eeed
Bros. & Co., of London.
Although the work has been carried on continuously during the year, it can scarcely
be considered more than two-thirds finished. This is certainly due to the absence of
activity and energy on the part of the contractors.
It will be remembered that the time considered requisite to complete the dam by
the Chief Engineers was nine months only. The contract is dated 24th January, 1876,
and the work was to have been completed on the 18th October of the same year.
On the 23rd June, 1876, on application from Mr. C. E. Dawson, C. E., agent for
Messrs: Eeed Bros. & Co., the time limit was extended by my predecessor in office to
the 1st February, 1877. On a further application from the same gentleman, dated the
24th January, 1877, the time limit was again extended to the 31st July, 1877. Since
that date, Mr. Dawson has repeatedly applied for additional time, but his requests have
not been entertained.
On account of the continued procrastination of the contractors, the Government felt
it their duty to stop all further payments, and on the 6th December last, their agent
was duly notified to that effect.
According to the annexed report of the Eesident Engineer, it is almost impossible
to say, under present circumstances when the work will be completed, although it has
been in the contractors' hands a little over two years and eleven months.
The total amount paid to Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., has been $30,357.42. There is
also due on certificates Nos. 11 and 12 (to the 31st December, 1878) for money withheld until after the work is completed, $9,038.01.
The Eesident Engineer's report shows the amount of work performed from the 1st
January to the 31st December, 1878.
During the latter portion of the year this gentleman has been superintending the
erection of the auxiliary pump. A statement of the nature of this work and the
progress made will also be found in the report referred to.
Subjoined, are copies of the letters and reports connected with the Cofferdam contract during the past year :—
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B. O,
"23rd March, 1878.
"Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that the two castings for pumping
machinery, ex ship'Barracouta,' to replace those broken, ex ship'Mountain Laurel,'
have been received by me in good condition, and stored with the rest of the machinery
at Esquimalt. "I have, &c,
(Signed) "W. Bennett.
«'tTo the Hon.
" The Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works."
"Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, April 18th, 1878.
"Sir,—I have the honour to request that you will be good enough to inform me as
to the time requisite for erecting the auxiliary pump at the Graving Dock site, Esquimalt, in order that, on the completion of the Cofferdam, no delay may take place in
testing the stability of the work.
"You will please also prepare plans and specifications for the erection of the said
pumping machinery, and advise me as to the particular place on the Government property, at Esquimalt, you deem it most expedient to erect the same; and, further, inform
me as to the time it Will require to complete the necessary plans and specifications.
"You will observe by the terms of the contract with Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., for
the construction of the Cofferdam at Esquimalt, that it is incumbent on the Government to erect the machinery for testing the work; and, further, that in the event
of the Darn being approved of by your principals, that the said contractors are, 266 Report of Public Works. 1878
entitled to a payment of 10 per cent, on the contract price; therefore, it is evident
that steps should be taken to prevent the possibility of any claim arising, after the Dam
is completed, on account of the Government not being in a position to accept the work
or otherwise. " I have, &c,
(Signed) "F. Geo. Vernon,
" W. Bennett, Esq., " Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"'Resident Engineer, Esquimalt."
"Lands and Works Department,
"Victoria, April 18th, 1878.
"Sir,—Adverting to your letter of the 18th January last, reporting on an application received by this Department from Mr. C. E. Dawson, acting as agent for Messrs.
Eeed Bros. & Co., of London, contractors for the Esquimalt Cofferdam, for an extension
of the time limit of the contract, I have the honour to request that you will be good
enough to furnish me with the following information, viz.:—
"1. Your reason for declining to recommend an extension of the time limit.
"2. A statement, in detail, setting forth where, since the 9th of February, 1877, the
date when an extension of the time limit was granted the contractors  to the
31st July, 1877, the agent, Mr. Dawson, has neglected to use every exertion to
push the work with all possible rapidity.
" 3. What time will be required to complete the work from date, provided every
effort is made?
"An early reply to this communication will be acceptable.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) "F. Geo. Vernon,
" W. Bennett, Esq., C. E., " Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Resident Engineer, Esquimalt."
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B. O,
" 22nd April, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, dated 18th of
April, asking for certain information—Firstly, for the reason of my declining to recommend an extension of the time limit.
"In my letter to you, dated 18th January, 1878, I declined to recommend the
extension of the time limit, for the completion of the Cofferdam, to September, because
I considered the work could be finished by June, at the latest; my further remark,
' that I was doubtful if I ought to recommend any extension at all,' was added because,
as the contractors had been going on with the work since the previous July without a
formal extension of time, I saw no reason why they should not do so to its completion.
" I took into consideration also, that as the second extension of" the time limit had
expired without the work being half finished, and the contract consequently broken;
and that as the contractors had always been treated most fairly by the Government in
the matter of payments, that it was only quite proper for the Government to have it in
its power, and the right at any time to adopt any other measures it might see fit to
complete the work. I said then, I had no wish to urge the Government to any extreme
measures, nor do I wish to do so now; at the same time, 1 thought the knowlepge, by
the contractors, of what the Government could do, would induce them to make greater
exertions than they did.
" Had an extension been granted to September next, I do not see how the Government could have well interfered with the contractors, even if it wished to, till that time
had elapsed, when, no doubt, if the work was then unfinished, another extension would
be applied for, and afterwards perhaps another.
"If then every request, on the contractors' part, for further extension is to be
granted as soon as applied for, what guarantee will the Government have that the work
will ever be finished.
" Secondly, to the request for details where the contractors have failed to use every
exertion since 9th February, 1877, I beg to state that during the month of February,
1877, scarcely any work at all was done, and the same in April, excepting during the
latter part of the month; this was in consequence of the dredgiDg machine not being
ready. 42 Vio. Report of Public Works. 267
" The dredging was carried on, perhaps as rapidly as the appliances at hand would
admit of, from April 13th to September 22nd ; and, as stated in my Eeport, dated 31st
December, 1877, piling for the dam was commenced on September 29th, and carried on
steadily, but I cannot say as rapidly as possible, for to the end of October only 24 piles
were driven.
"In November, 117, and in December, 141 piles were driven, which numbers do not
prove at all satisfactorily that more might not have been driven in the same time.
" I have, on many occasions, observed that time has been wasted in not having
material and plant ready for use when wanted; sometimes the breaking of a pile ring
has stopped the pile driving, as it happened to do from April 8th to 12th, 1878, inclusive;
if spare gear had been on the ground, no delay need have occurred.
" The progress of the piling was delayed from the 21st January to 22nd February,
1878, and from that date to 23rd March, 1878, only 8 piles were driven, the time being
occupied in making tram-cars and excavating for the filling between the buttress and
middle row of piles, which work might have been started as soon as the dredging was
finished in September, 1877.
"I consider also that the employment of more men would have hastened the
progress of the work.
"Work on the shore ends of the dam, which has been in progress during the past
month, might easily have been done twelve months ago; and the time so spent now
would have been occupied in forwarding some other part of the work.
" I think it necessary again to refer to the ironwork for the sluices, which ought
now to be on the ground, but is not; for unless advantage is taken of the low tides
which occur at this season of the year, it will be almost an impossibility to fix the
sluices for another twelvemonth.
" I regret that the drilling of the holes at the shore ends of the dam, in deep water,
to receive rock pile shoes, is not now in active progress; this work might have been
going on for some time past.
" It may be urged that it is necessary to re-erect the dredging machine to clean off
the shingle overlying the rock before commencing; the services of a diver would, however, obviate this difficulty.
" Thirdly, as to how much time will be required to complete the work from date,
provided every effort is made? Unless the various portions of the work are carried on
simultaneously and vigorously, it would be useless on my part to attempt to form an
" In January last, I considered the work should be finished by June, and then
calculated that the buttress piling and rock drilling would be much further advanced
than they are now. Looking at the amount of work remaining to be done, I see it is
now impossible to finish at the date I named; if, however, a diver and three or four sets
of drillers be employed at once, and a strong gang of labourers put on to excavate for
puddle and filling as soon as the gauge piles on rock are planted, I consider the work
ought, under ordinary circumstances, to be finished by August next.
"A tram-way, from the bank to the dam. should be commenced immediately, and
trial pits sunk to find the most suitable clay for puddle; extra tram-cars also should be
provided, the present number (4) being totally inadequate to keep a large number of
men employed.
" I much regret that the points on which you required information have necessitated
such a lengthy reply.
" I shall have the honour to reply to your letter referring to the erection of the
pump, &c, at an early date. "I have, &c.
(Signed) "W. Bennett."
" Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, 7th May, 1878.
" Sir,—Eeferring to your letter of the 19th February last, applying for a further
extension of the time limit for the construction of the Cofferdam at Esquimalt, 1 have
the honour to inform you that your communication was submitted to the Eesident
Engineer, who duly reported thereon; I beg to enclose a copy of the Eesident
Engineer's Eeport for your information. 268 Report of Public Works. 1878
"I have the honour to instruct you to carry out the Eesident Engineer's suggestions
with regard to the provision of the necessary sluices, and also to the immediate construction of the tram-way for the conveyance of the puddle to the dam.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) " F. Geo. Vernon,
« C. E. Dawson, Esq., C. E." "per A. S. Farwell.
" Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B. O,
"21st May, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to enclose herewith, for your approval, a plan shewing
the site I propose and recommend for the erection of the auxiliary pump.
" I also beg to recommend that the work be taken in hand at once, and be carried
out under my supervision by day work.
" I would further suggest that application be made to the Eesident Engineer of the
Dominion Government for the use of two hopper barges, provided they are not required
by Mr. Dawson, agent for Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., to whom they are at present lent.
" The barges will only be required for a day or two, during the time the boiler, &c.,
is being removed from the shed to the staging on which it will have to be erected.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) "W. Bennett."
" Cofferdam Works, Esquimalt, B. C,
" June 17th, 1878.
" To the Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—1 beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 7th of May last, in
answer to mine of the 19th February, and enclosing a copy of a letter addressed you by
the Eesident Engineer, dated April 22nd, 1878.
" I am greatly surprised that, notwithstanding the full explanations I have given,
both in writing and verbally, upon every point raised, you should, after the lapse of
more than two and a half months, have again referred the matter to him.
"On the 18th January last. Mr. Bennett reported to you, at your request, upon my
letter applying for an extension of the time limit for completion. On the 8th February,
he further reported, at your request, on the same subject, and professed to be most
explicit on all the points upon which he said he had to find fault. The result of this
mode of proceeding, which I must again respectfully protest against as unjust to my
principals, is, I regret to observe, that the Eesident Engineer has been driven to search
for any remote point, and to use any possible argument, in his endeavour to maintain
the position he has taken.
" I also regret to see that, notwithstanding my repeated protests, Mr. Bennett has
not been required to confine himself to matters technical; and I must again point out to
you that it is entirely against the terms of the contract to make the granting of an
extension of the time limit dependant on the recommendation of the Eesident Engineer.
" I should have answered your letter before, but for various reasons I have thought
it better to delay any further communication until events themselves had disproved half
of the Eesident Engineer's statements.
"1 will, therefore, now touch upon the various explanations, arguments, and statements contained in Mr. Bennett's letter of the 22nd April, 1878, in the order they are
set down.
" He commences, by saying that he declined to recommend an extension until September, because 'he considered the work could be finished by June at the latest.' At
the time, I informed you this was impossible, and the event has proved I was right, and
that Mr. Bennett was entirely mistaken, as in this letter he is obliged to admit.
"He then goes on to say that his remark, that he was doubtful if he ought to
recommend any extension at all, was added, because as the contractors had been going
on with the work for a long time without any formal extension [of time, he saw no
reason why they should not do so to the end I What the meaning of this peculiar
reasoning is, I am at a loss to understand, unless he means that under present circumstances the contractors are practically entitled to an unlimited extension of time, which
indeed is really the case. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 269
"Mr. Bennett, in the next paragraph, makes a most rash and unjustifiable statement
to the effect that Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., have broken their contract. As, however,
Mr. Bennett's opinion on this score is of no importance, I will only remark that the fact
of his making such a statement shows the inexpediency of submitting matters to him
that are not in his province to enter upon.
"His next remark, concerning the matter of payments, as far as I can see, is simply
a sarcasm directed at the Government on account of its having persisted in unjustly
refusing to make the payments as contemplated in the contract, and most urgently
required and solicited, confining itself to the payment of only such sums as could not
possibly be withheld.
" His next argument is one that, had he thought seriously about, I am sure he would
have been ashamed to urge, even in a private matter, and much more so to a gentleman
aoting in the interest of the public, I think it is quite unnecessary for me to say more
to you on this point, but I may perhaps just observe that hampering a contractor by
destroying his credit is not the way to expedite work intrusted to him; and, moreover,
that to keep a man at work by constantly menacing his shoulders with a cow-hide is
not a suitable means to be adopted by the Government of a civilized country!
"As for asking for further extensions of time, the Eesident Engineer is perfectly
right, Had the extension applied for been granted, and at its expiration the work still
incomplete, if the works had been carried on with all reasonable speed, or further
alterations made, I should most certainly have applied for further extension, and should
have been fully entitled to it. It is contemplated in the contract that extensions would
be necessary, and the Government had its remedy if the contractor fails in his duty;
not such remedies as Mr. Bennett proposes, but proper ones, and only to be used when
it has been proved beyond doubt that the contractor has so failed.
"The Eesident Engineer now endeavours to shew that the contractors have failed
to use every exertion since the 9th February, 1877.
" He commences by again harping on the subject of the time spent in procuring the
dredging apparatus. Now, I beg to repeat that as long ago as July, 1877, my explanations of any delay on that account were given, and that they were accepted is proved
by your letter of the 30th July, 1877.
" His next statements are misrepresentations of the facts of the case, and contradict
his own previous statements. He commences by saying that 'the dredging was carried on
'perhaps as rapidly as the appliances at hand would admit of, from April 13th to Septem-
'ber 22nd.' Now, in his report of the 31st December last, he says: 'From this date'
(April 13th) 'to September 22nd, when the dredging was completed, it' (the dredging
machine) 'was constantly at work, on many days from daylight to dark, &c, &c.'
"Mr. Bennett goes on to contradict further, his report of the 31st December, 1878,
which clearly shows that the piling operations had been carried out quite satisfactorily
under exceptionally difficult circumstances, and makes a most misleading statement as
to 24 piles driven to the end of October. Now, Mr. Bennett cannot be ignorant of the
fact that amongst these first piles driven in the dam were the 16 principal guide or
distance piles, set at intervals light across Thetis Cove, to establish the curve of the dam
and to receive the walings which were to serve as guides in pitching and driving the
rest of the piles of the dam; that each of these distance piles had to be pitched and
driven with the greatest nicety; that each had to be brought exactly to the plumb, and
separately strutted and secured. When this was finished, exact measurements had to
be taken, and a separate drawing prepared for each end of every waling; a double tier
of walings had then to be erected, which could only be done when exceptionally low
tides occurred, which at that season of the year was only at night. All this had to be
done before one single other pile of the dam could be driven!
"Mr. Bennett now goes on to say: 'In November 117, and in December 141, piles
' were driven, which numbers do not prove at all satisfactorily that more might not
\have been driven in the same time.' Now this argument is, I cannot but say it, so
positively silly that I am sure I cannot be expected to waste my time by giving it any
further notice.
" He has now again recourse to vague charges, and then speaks of delays occasioned
by the breaking of pile rings. Here, he even takes advantage of the very difficulties
we have had to contend with in his endeavour to fix blame. He knows perfectly well
that, in consequence of the exceptionally hard nature of the bottom, I have been driven 270 Report of Public Works. 1878
to my wits' end endeavouring to procure pile rings capable of resisting the excessive
pounding to which they have been exposed; he knows that I have tried rings made of
all kinds of the heaviest iron to be procured in the Province; that I have tried all the
best blacksmiths in the city; that I have procured iron of special quality and dimensions
from California, and that I have spared no expense, and yet that it has been impossible
to procure a ring that could be relied on !
"He is also incorrect as to the delay he instances, for piling was going on on the
morning of the 8th, and from noon on the 12th April; and the stoppage was principally
caused by a break and necessary repairs to the steam hoisting engine.
"Mr. Bennett proceeds to complain of delays in the piling operations from 21st
January to 22nd February, 1878, and says from that date to the 23rd March only eight
piles were driven. He also speaks of the building of tram-cars, and of excavation for
filling in between the buttress and middle rows of piles.
" Here, again, he suppresses the real state of the case, and again misleads as to the
work done. In my letter of the 12th January, 1878, I informed you that I should
shortly be ready to proceed with the work on the buttress, and again called your attention to the necessity of making alterations in the design, having already long ago warned
you and the Eesident Engineer that it would be necessary to do so; but no proper
instructions were given to me with regard to these alterations until the 19th February,
1878, and I was in consequence put to great inconvenience, expense, and trouble.
" A very considerable loss of time would now have occurred had I not found a means
of occupying profitably the time necessary to procure the extra timber required on
account of these alterations. I gave the order for this timber even before I had received
the proper instructions to make the alterations, and then to save time proceeded, with
the concurrence of the Eesident Engineer, with the filling in behind the main trunk,
which should not have been commenced until the whole of the piling was finished.
This was a useful piece of work, done during a period of time that would otherwise have
been wasted, and served eventually greatly to facilitate the pitching and driving of the
buttress piles.
"Mr. Bennett again ignores the fact that the eight piles he now mentions are the
guide or distance piles for the buttress, and had to be driven under the same exceptional
circumstances as the corresponding 16 guide piles in the main trunk, and also that double
walings had to be erected as the state of the tide would allow; all this before another
pile of the buttress could be driven.
" He further withholds the fact that the extra timber specially ordered for this
portion of the dam did not arrive until the 12th April, and that to save time I carried
on the piling in the meantime, at great expense to my principals, using timber destined
for other portions of the work and of much greater length than was required. All this
is entirely due to the Government or the Engineers not having sooner taken steps to
make the necessary alterations, and it is quite useless for Mr. Bennett to try and shift
the blame on to the contractors' shoulders.
" What Mr. Bennett can mean by saying that the work of filling in between the
buttress and middle rows of piles could have been commenced before any piles at all
were driven, is entirely beyond my comprehension.
" It is only now, after all this lapse of time, after writing many reports and after
receiving repeated enquiries as to the contractors' short comings, that Mr. Bennett
discovers and informs you that he considers the employment of more men would have
hastened the progress of the work. Mr. Bennett cannot but be aware that I have always
had as many men employed as could be used to advantage under the circumstances.
" With regard to the work lately executed on the shore ends of the dam, Mr. Bennett
again entirely misrepresents the facts of the case. It has been carried on simultaneously
with the principal work on the dam, and by a separate gang of men—the number of
hands being increased expressly for that purpose. If it had been completed a twelvemonth ago, the works would not now be one single day more advanced than they are.
"With reference to the sluices I need only say that, since he wrote this report, he
has recognized the impossibility of constructing them even at the altered level fixed upon
by him, and that he has adopted a suggestion of mine suppressing them "altogether in
the Cofferdam itself, and placing a double sluice in the earth dam to be raised between
Thetis Island and the shore. According to his instructions, I am now carrying out this
alteration. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 271
" I may here mention that up to the present time, on account of the tide level, no
opportunity has offered of erecting the wrought iron tie bolts of the fourth tier of
walings, although in the altered design they have been raised three feet.
" Mr. Bennett now goes on to say he regrets that the drilling for the rock pile shoes,
in deep water, is not now in active progress, and says a diver could have cleared off the
shingle overlying the rock !
" In answer to this I need only inform you that, in compliance with the Eesident
Engineer's instructions, some special, extra dredging is now being done; that the
dredging machine has been re-erected, and that from one end of the dam alone, where
these holes have to be drilled, 207 cubic yards of material has already been dredged up!
This shows how far the services of a diver would have 'obviated' this difficulty!!!
"1 cannot contain my surprise at the proceedings of the Eesident Engineer in this
matter, for I must beg you carefully to note that, early in December last, I explained to
him point by point how I proposed to proceed with the works, viz.:—
"I proposed, as soon as the piling of the centre portion of the main trunk was
finished, to proceed with the piling of the buttress (centre portion) leaving the ends in
deep water until later, when the low tides should commence. As soon as the centre
portion of the buttress was finished, I proposed the re-erection of the dredging machine
to clear out the clay and shingle, &c, that had fallen in at the shore ends in deep water,
in consequence of the great extra depth of the excavation. I pointed out to Mr. Bennett
that this was a work far beyond the powers of a diver, [and also informed him that it
was probable that some dredging might require to be done in the main trunk of the dam.
When this was done, the drilling was to be commenced, and while it and the erection of
the gauge piles was in execution, the preparations for filling in with puddle, &c, &c,
should be made. The shore ends of the dam, in shallow water, were to be erected
simultaneously with the other works, as it was a work of no particular difficulty.
"All this I clearly explained to Mr. Bennett, and he as clearly signified his approval
of it! Everything has been carried out as I proposed, except that through the fault of
the Goverment more time than necessary elapsed between the completion of the centre
portion of the main trunk and the commencement of that of the buttress, which time,
however, was usefully employed by me. How Mr. Bennett can ignore all this, as he
does, is a mystery to me !
" I must now beg to say that on the 30th July, 1877, in answer to an application for
extension of the time limit, you distinctly promised to grantan extension on condition that
during the following few weeks proper exertions should be used to hasten the progress
of the works,
"It has been distinctly shewn, by the Eesident Engineer's own reports, that this
condition was fulfilled; and, notwithstanding his present attempts at fault finding, that
the works have been carried on satisfactorily ever since.
"I have repeatedly, both in writing and verbally, complained of the injury done to
my principals by the course the Government has pursued in regard to this extension;
but notwithstanding my repeated protests and my full—and as you have yourself given
me to understand to you satisfactory—explanations of all delays, this extension of the
time limit has been withheld for all this length of time.
" Having regard to this most unsatisfactory state of things, I must now beg you to
take notice that, under present circumstances, Messrs. Eeed Bros, & Co., are entitled to
require payment, at rates over and above the schedule prices of the contract, for all
work executed since the expiration of the time limit for completion.
"To this my principals are undoubtedly entitled, for not only have the works been
of a different character and carried on from their commencement under different circumstances from those represented, but on every single point alterations have now been made
from the original designs, which have proved to have been quite impossible of execution;
and according to the contract, one of the considerations under which the contractors
are bound to carry out alterations is, that extensions of the time limit for completion of
the works should be granted! I must also again remind you that extra works, quite
unforeseen in the contract, have been and have yet to be executed at great expense and
at great loss of time to my principals.
" Before concluding, I beg to inform you that the works are progressing as well as
circumstances will allow, and that I shall continue to use every endeavour to complete
them with the shortest possible delay.
19 272 Report of Public Works. 1878
" According to your instructions I have got in hand the construction of a tramway
for the conveyance of the puddle to the dam, but I must beg you to bear in mind that
no provision has been made for such a work in the contract.      "I am, &c,
(Signed) " C. E. Dawson,
" Agent for Messrs. Reed Bi-os. & Co., London."
"3, Westminster Chambers, London, S.W.,
"and Havelock Buildings, Greenock, N.B.,
" To the Hon. Forbes George Vernon, " 19th June, 1878.
" Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, B.C.
Sir,—We have the honour to inform you that we duly received your favour of the
18th May, last, enclosing draft for £28 in payment of Messrs. Watt & Co.'s account for
duplicate machinery supplied.
"We duly handed the same to Messrs. Watt & Co., and herewith enclose their
receipt in acknowledgment thereof, in discharge of their account for duplicate machinery
supplied.   We have, &c,
(Signed)       " Kinipple & Morris."
"90, Leadenhall St. City, London, E.C.,
"Messrs. Kinipple & Morris, " June 18th, 1878.
" Gentlemen,—We have to thank you for the receipt of a draft upon the Bank of
British Columbia for £28, in payment of our account for sundry articles supplied to the
Government, rendered against the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria,
dated June 23rd, 1877.   Yours very truly.
(Signed)       "James Watt & Co."
"Lands and Works Department,
"Victoria, July 19th, 1878.
Sir,—I have the honour to request that you will, with as little delay as possible,
be good enough to report, in detail, upon the amount of work performed on the Esquimalt Cofferdam by the contractors, Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., since the date of your
last report, on the 31st December, 1877.   I have, &c.
(Signed)       " Geo. A. Walkem.
" W. Bennett, Esq.,
" Resident Engineer, Esquimalt."
" Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, July 19th, 1878.
" To W. Bennett, Resident Engineer, Esquimalt.
"Sir,—I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 21st May last, enclosing
a sketch showing the site you propose and recommend for the erection of the auxiliary
"I have the honour to request that you will be good enough to provide me with an
estimate of the cost of erecting the said pump, at your earliest convenience.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) "Geo. A. Walkem,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B. O,
"22nd July, 1878.
" To the Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—In reply to your letter, dated 19th July, asking for a detailed report on the
progress of the Cofferdam since 31st December, 1877, I have the honour to submit the
" The number of piles driven in the outer and middle rows of the dam at the date
of my last report amounted to 263; this number has been increased by 470, and in
addition thereto 159 piles have been driven in the inside or buttress row, making a total
of 892 piles driven and erected in the dam to date; of this number, 247 piles have been
planted on the rock at the shore ends of the dam.
" There yet remain about 60 piles to be planted on rock bottom at each of the shore
ends in the outer and middle rows. A number of these piles will have to be secured to
the bottom with rock pile shoes, at from 20 to 25 feet below high water mark.   A diver 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 273
is now employed on the works whose services will be indispensable during the operation
of drilling holes to receive the rock pile shoes. Preparations are being made for the
immediate prosecution of this portion of the wrork.
" In the buttress row, about 100 piles remain to be driven or planted.
" The four tiers of walings running the whole length of the dam both inside and
out, are in position and bolted up.
" As soon as the piling of the dam was completed between bays four and eleven, an
examination of the bottom of the main trunk was made by carefully probing the same,
and the clay bottom between the outer and middle rows of piles from the action of the
pile driving proved to be so broken up and disturbed that I found it necessary to order
that portion to be re-dredged. The dredging apparatus was accordingly again rigged in
the beginning of May, and dredging was continued to the middle of June. Bays two,
three, eleven and thirteen, were also re-dredged, a quantity of sand and shingle having
slipped in since the first dredging; in these bays also the bottom, which is rock, was
swept, a large brush being rigged for the purpose.
"2,365 cubic yards of filling and toeing have been deposited behind the main trunk
of the dam; 49 cubic yards of rock and clay were removed for the construction of the
shore ends of the dam above low water mark, and 13 cubic yards of cement concrete
were used in securing the feet of the piles at those places.
" The amount paid to Messrs. Eeed, Bros. & Co. for work executed, and for material
on the ground to December 31st, 1877, was $14,860 86, since which they have received
$11,705 76, the last payment being made on 9th May, for work executed to 30th April.
Provided the contract is satisfactorily completed by the end of this year, as I confidently
hope and fully expect will be the case, a further sum of about $33,000 will be due to the
" The sluices, which were intended to have been constructed through the Cofferdam
I have recommended should be placed through the earth dam, between Thetis Island and
the shore. In this position, a much tighter job can be made of them, and, what is of
equal importance, they can be placed at a lower level and thereby save considerable
pumping when the dam is completed. This work is in progress, and the tramway on
which will be conveyed the puddle, etc., to the dam, is about two-thirds finished.
"In addition to the remaining number of piles which I have already referred to as
having to be driven, and the construction of the sluices and earth dam, there yet remains
the remainder of the filling and the whole of the puddling to be done before the dam can
be said to be completed.
" The space enclosed must then be pumped out at the expense of the Government,
whereby the tightness of the dam will be tested before the work will be accepted from
the contractors. " I have, &c,
(Signed) " W. Bennett."
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B.C.,
"22nd July, 1878.
"To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria, B.C.:
"Sir,—In reply to your letter of 19th July, asking for an estimate of the cost of
erecting the pump in its temporary position inside the Cofferdam, I have the honour to
inform you, I consider the work can be executed for the sum of from $1,200 to $1,500.
An engineer will have to be provided to work the pump after its erection, at the expense
of the Government. "I have, &c,
(Signed) "W. Bennett."
"3, Westminster Chambers, London, S.W.,
" 27th August, 1878.
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria, B.C.:
" Sir,—Mr. Bennett's term of service of three years as Eesident Engineer, the time
we expected it would take to complete the whole of the works, expired on the 12th
July last. In our agreement with him, dated 19th June, 1878, he is entitled to a
payment, in lieu of a yearly increase to his salary to a bonus of £100 sterling at the
expiration of the third year, We shall be glad if you will arrange for the payment to
him of this amount out of the commission due to us in connection with these works.
" We have, &c,
(Signed) " Kinipple & Morris." 274 Report of Public Works. 1878
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B.C.,
" 30th November, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that the amount due to Messrs. Reed Bros.
& Co., on account of Cofferdam contract, for work executed, is $5,091 38, as per Certificate No. 11 herewith enclosed. The material on ground has been taken no notice of in
this Certificate. " I have, &c,
(Signed) "W. Bennett."
"Esquimalt, B. O,
" November 30th, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to hand you, enclosed, a statement of works executed
to the 31st ultimo, also an account of sums due to Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co.; the whole
under Certificate No. 11.    The amount due is $5,091 38.        "I am, &c,
(Signed) " C. E. Dawson,
" Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co.,
" Lands and Works Department,
" Victoria, 6th December, 1878.
"[Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that I am authorized by the Government to
withhold all further payments on Esquimalt Cofferdam account, until the work is completed to the satisfaction of this Department. 1 have also to observe that the Government, as at'present advised, do not intend to waive any rights acquired by them by
reason of the delay in the completion of the Cofferdam according to agreement.
"This conclusion has been arrived at, after a careful consideration of all the correspondence between you and the Government on the subject.
" Any further delay will necessarily form the subject of future consideration.
"I have, &c,
(Signed) "Geo. A. Walkem,
" C. E. Dawson, Esq., C. E., " Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
'■ Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros, & Co,
" Cofferdam Works, Esquimalt, B. O,
"December 27th, 1878.
" To the Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th inst.
" In reference to its contents, I beg to say that the withholding of payment of the
voucher you delivered to me, for $5,091 38, is a most serious inconvenience to my principals; and the course adopted by the Government is causing, and if persisted in will
cause, very serious injury to their interests, and may, moreover, result in a stoppage of
the works.
" I am at a loss to understand why the voucher should not have been paid, because,
although it might possibly be contended that the works referred to in the contract
not having been completed within the stipulated time or the extensions granted by your
predecessor, my principals have rendered themselves liable for the penalty referred to
in the 66th clause of the specification; yet to me it is perfectly clear that, instead of
being liable to penalties, they are justly entitled to compensation, and I believe that any
disinterested and impartial person on a review of the correspondence and on proper
enquiry into the circumstances, &c, even if he would not readily admit my position,
would consider that the extra work, datum lines, and borings are sufficient reasons for
any matters in difference between my principals and yourself being referred to arbitration under clause No. 78 of the specification.
"I cannot but suppose that you have not sufficiently examined and considered all
the present circumstances of the case, otherwise it would be apparent to you that the
course adopted by the Government, viz., that of allowing the contractors to suppose 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 275
that the Government was satisfied with the progress made until a large amount of
money was payable, not only for works mentioned in the contract but for additional
and extra work, and then without the slightest warning to withhold payment, is not only
a most unjust course, but is also one that must of necessity greatly hamper and injure
the contractors and cause a useless delay in the completion of the works.
" I am quite sure that whatever differences of opinion there may be between the
Eesident Engineer and myself with respect to certain points connected with the contract,
he would by no means approve or advise the course adopted of stopping further payments at the present time and under the present circumstances, when, if no useless
impediment like the present occurs, there is no reason that the works should not be
brought to a speedy and satisfactory conclusion.
" I hope, therefore, you will reconsider the matter, and cause the payments due to
be made without further delay. "I have, &c,
(Signed) "C. E. Dawson,
"Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co.,
"Lands and Works Department,
"Victoria, January 3rd, 1879.
" Sir,—As a reply to your letter of the 27th ultimo, I have the honour to state that
all the correspondence relating to the Cofferdam, -which passed between you and this
Department and the Eesidont Engineer, was very carefully examined and considered
before the Government concluded, as announced in my letter of the 6th ultimo, to stop
further payment on Cofferdam account until after the completion of the work.
" I do not, therefore, feel myself justified in requesting the Executive Council to
reconsider their decision; nor is the case, in my opinion, one wmich could, with advantage to the public, be left to arbitration.
" Without intending the slightest disrespect, I would observe that the Government
are fully alive to the remedial powers placed in their hands by the Cofferdam contract,
and do not therefore require their attention to be drawn to them for the purpose of
enabling them to shape their future action in this matter.
"I have to urge upon you to complete your contract with all practicable dispatch.
" I am, &c,
(Signed) " Geo. A. Walkem,
" C. E. Dawson, Esq., C.E., "Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co."
" Cofferdam Works, Esquimau, B. C,
"January 3rd, 1879.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
", Sir,—Enclosed, I beg to hand you a statement of works executed upon the
Esquimalt Cofferdam, up to the 31st December, 1878, under Certificate No. 12; also an
account showing the sum due to Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co., on account of the same,
amounting to $3,946 63.
"Some further works, over and above those contained in the certificate, have also
been executed. " 1 have, &c.,
(Signed) " C. E. Dawson,
" Agent for Messrs. Reed Bros. & Co.,
"Engineer's Office, Esquimalt, B. O,
" 3rd January, 1879.
" To the Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that the amount due to Messrs. Eeed Bros.
& Co., on account of Cofferdam contract, for works executed, is $3,946 63, as per Certificate No. 12, herewith enclosed. "I have, &c,
(Signed) "W. Bennett." 276 Report of Public Works. . 1878
" Engineer's Office, Esquimalt,
" 31st December, 1878.
." To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit my report on the progress of the works at
Esquimalt for the past twelve months.
" Cofferdam.
" The number of piles driven in the outer and middle rows of the dam at the end of
1877, amounted to 263 ; this number has been increased by 493, and in addition thereto
159 piles have been driven in the inside or buttress row, making a total of 915 piles
driven and erected in the dam to date; of this number, 269 piles have been planted on the
rock at the shore ends of the dam.
" There yet remain 53 piles to be planted on the rock bottom at the western end
and 62 piles at the eastern end of the dam. These piles will not be position
till a bank of puddle has been deposited on the rock where the openings occur. In the
buttress row, about 100 piles remain to be driven or planted.
" The four walings running the whole length of the dam, both on the inside and
outside of the main trunk, are in position, and the number of bolts used in securing them
is as follows: 1st tier, 50 ; 2nd tier, 50 ; 3rd tier, 37 ; 4th tier, 36 ; making a total of
173 ; these bolts are 12 feet 9 inches in length, and vary in diameter from 1J inches in
the 1st tier to 2\ inches in the 4th tier ; each bolt has a cast iron washer, weighing
nearly 601b, at each end. The buttress row is connected to the main trunk by 28 bolts
14 feet 9 inches in length and 2 inches in diameter, with a cast iron washer at each end.
About 30 more bolts have yet to be fixed to the walings on the main trunk, and about 20
to the buttress walings.
" The rock drilling for the gauge piles shod with rock pile shoes was a tedious and
expensive operation. The drills used were 32 feet long, and owing to the hardness of
the rock constantly required re-sharpening. The holes drilled for the rock pile shoes
varied in depth from 2 to 3 feet, and were 3 inches in diameter. The services of a diver
and his gang were in almost daily requisition from 27th July to 29th August, during the
progress of the rock drilling. In testing the holding down power of the holes, one at
the eastern end broke away, owing to a seam in the rock ; a fresh hole was started on
30th September, but on 3rd October when the hole was down 28 inches, the end of the
drill broke off in the hole, and as the diver was unable to recover the lost end the hole
had to be abandoned; another hole was then started and finished on October 7th. This
is one instance of the many troubles encountered during the rock drilling operation.
"As soon as the piling of the dam was completed between bays 4 and 11, an
examination of the bottom of the main trunk was made by carefully probing the same,
and as the bottom between the outer and middle rows of piles from the action of the pile
driving into remarkably hard clay, proved to be so broken up and disturbed, I found it
necessary to order that portion to be re-dredged; the dredging apparatus was accordingly
again rigged in the beginning of May and dredging was continued to the middle of June.
Bays 2, 3, 11 and 13 were also re-dredged, a quantity of sand and shingle having slipped
in since the first dredging; in these bays also the bottom which is rock was swept, a
large brush having been rigged for the purpose; the diver's services were also called for
to clean out shingle &c, from the crevices in the rock.
"An examination by the diver of the large boulder met with in bay 9 at the bottom
of the main trunk during the first dredging was made ; he reported a large amount of
sand, shingle, shells &c, around and below it. I thought it advisable therefore to have
it removed, as from the amount of sand, &c, it would have been impossible to make
a water-tight connection, between the clay bottom and puddle, which might have greatly
endangered the stability of the dam. The removal of the sand by the diver was commenced on the 31st August, and after working at it steadily to 14th September, the
boulder was slung in chains, lifted to the surface and dumped on the rocks on the outside
of the dam at the western end. The estimated weight of the boulder was upwards of
three tons and its top surface was. 28 feet below high water mark. The dredging
apparatus was again rigged on October 31st, and the spot from which the boulder was
lifted was cleaned of all shingle, &c, that remained.
" The staging on which the travelling platform runs was extended one Day westward in the month of September, and the shafting of the engine was altered to adapt it 42 Vie. Report of Public Works. 277
for hauling the tram-cars which convey the puddle and backing from the shore to the
dam by means of an endless rope, which at the same time works a pug-mill for crushing
clay for puddle.
" Sluices.
" The sluices which were originally intended to have been constructed through the
dam, I recommended, should be placed through the earth dam between Thetis Island
and the shore. Instead of three sluices each 3 ft. 9 in. by 3 ft. 9 in., two sluices, each
4 feet 6 inches by 3 feet 9 inches, have been erected, the original area of discharge being
maintained. In the new position of the sluices a much better job has been made of them,
as it would have been exceedingly difficult to have ensured a perfectly water-tight
connection through the darn, owing to the natural subsidence and shrinkage of the
puddle, and the fact of their being placed at a lower level than they would have been
if in the dam is also of some importance, as thereby considerable pumping will be saved
when the dam is completed. The sluices which are now finished will drain the area
enclosed by the dam to 7 feet below high water mark. The earth dam has yet to be
raised about 5 feet.
" Backing and Puddle.
" The earthwork in connection with the dam is as follows :—2,645 cubic yards have
been deposited as backing and toeing behind the main trunk of the dam, 477 cubic yards
in front of the dam, and 151 cubic yards of puddle in the main trunk. The getting of
clay for puddle, &c, was re-commenced on 9th November, and has continued to date; a
much stronger gang of men should however be employed in this work.
" The amount paid to Messrs. Eeed Bros. & Co. for work executed and for material
on the ground to 31st December, 1877, was $14,860 86, since which date they have
received $15,496 56, the last payment being made to 31st July, 1878. Since that date to
December 31st, the value of works executed is $9,039 01, which amount I understand
has not yet been paid to the contractors.
" Auxiliary Pump.
" In the centre of the bay enclosed by the Cofferdam, and at a distance of about 20
feet inside the dam, a platform has been erected for the purpose of carrying the machinery
and boiler necessary for the working of the pump which is to clear the Dock site of water
as soon as the dam is completed.
" The platform is 32 feet long by 24 feet wide, and is supported on 36 piles, whose
average length is 32 feet; 12 inch square caps are fastened to the pile heads by one inch
round spikes 18 inches long, on which are spiked joists some 12 inches by nine inches
and others 12 inches square, on which in turn are spiked 6 inch planks. The level of the
platform is 6 feet 9 inches above high water mark. The pump will drain the space
enclosed to within 18 inches of the deepest part, and the water pumped will be discharged
over the dam into Esquimalt harbour. The height from suction to delivery is 23 feet
3 inches.
" As soon as the excavation for the Dock itself is commenced the suction pipe will
be extended downwards, and the works during their progress will by this means be
drained. The pump, &c, will eventually be placed in the permanent engine house on
the side of the Dock and be used as a drainage pump for the Dock.
"The platform has been constructed by a gang of men in the Government employ,
with W. Clarke as foreman, under my superintendence, and was commenced on November
12th. A number of logs were collected from the beach at the Lagoon, near Fisguard
Lighthouse, for the purpose of forming a raft, on which a pile-driver was erected and
from which the piles were driven. The pump and its connections, adapted from the
original design, are fixed in a framework of four 15-ineh square timbers, securely tied
and braced together. This work was done on shore, and of necessity had to be very
strong to prevent racking ; when finished it was transported on the raft across the bay,
launched into the water, then dragged in between two rows of the platform piles
and upended in its position; by means of the raft, too, the boiler, weighing 8 tons,
was safely carried across, then placed on rollers, drawn up a slipway—for which 4 piles
had to be driven—and placed on its seat. Much credit is due to Mr. Clark and his men
for the care and ability they displayed in successfully performing these somewhat
ticklish operations, 278 Report of Public Works. 1878
" A gangway 4 feet wide and 255 feet long connects the platform with Thetis Island ;
by this means the boiler will be supplied with coals. The piles, caps, and runners
for the gangway were collected from the Lagoon beach.
" A coal shed, 28 feet by 12 feet, is to be erected on cribbing on the rocks of Thetis
Island, and close to the Admiralty coal sheds. Preparations are being made to drive a
row of piles to carry a small flume about 550 feet long to supply the boiler with fresh
water, which will be obtained from a well already sunk at the head of the bay.
" A shed, 30 feet 8 inches by 23 feet, will be erected over the engine, boiler, &c, on
the platform ; a brickwork base for an iron chimney-stack for the boiler is about to be
commenced; the brickwork will be carried up to the level of the crown of the boiler,
which is about 8 feet above the platform level, and will be lined, with fire-bricks ; an iron
door will be constructed in the brickwork for the purpose of cleaning out the flues of
the boiler; on top of the brickwork an iron stack, 21 feet high and 2 feet 6 inches in
diameter, will be fastened.
"The pump will, I expect, be in working order in about five weeks. The amount
expended in its erection to date has been: for wages $945 35 ; for materials, &c, $550 57;
total, $1,495 92; liabilities for material, about $223.
" Cement.
" From tests I have recently made of the cement stored at Esquimalt, I would
recommend that it should be used as soon as possible.
" It is with much regret I close this report without being able, as I anticipated
twelve months ago, to announce the satisfactory completion of the Cofferdam; when
that is likely to happen it is impossible for me to say. The action of the Government in
withholding payment to the Contractors has not caused them to push on the work with
any extra amount of diligence. The number of men now employed is about twenty ; at
least double, if not treble, the number could be employed with advantage, as the work
at which they are engaged is straight forward. Of this fact, however, I am sure, that
even with the larger number of men employed I have referred to, and with increased
appliances for making puddle, the work is not likely to be finished for another three or
four months. " I have, &c,
(Signed) " W. Bennett.
" Resident Engineer."
Roads and Bridges.
Day Work.
Eepairs, Sooke Eoad.
Samuel Morrow, foreman, at $60 per month.
Grading, 780 yards, 15 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 780 yards, 20 feet wide.
Gravelling, 255 yards, 6 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 culvert, 15 feet by 2J feet by li feet.
1       „      17       „     3       „      2      „
1        „      20        „     3        „      2      „
A large quantity of cutting and filling was also performed to ease the grades, and
five bridges repaired.
Eepairs to the Gorge Bridge.
John Nicholson, foreman.
Bridge, 112 feet long, 12 feet wide, 25 feet high.
The repairs consisted of renewing 4 straining beam braces, each 20 feet long, and
two posts, fixing the hand-railing, planking, &c. 42 Vic Report of Public Works. 2%
Gorge Eoad Eepairs.
Gravelling, 150 yards, 10 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
Filling holes, ruts, &c, <tec.
Metchosin Eoad Eepairs, between Gleed's and Parker's.
Samuel Morrow, foreman.
Grading, 240 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 240 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest clearing, 240 yards, 20 feet wide.
1 culvert, 17 feet by 2J feet by 1J feet.
Repairs, Highland District Eoad, between Francis' and Maltby's.
Thomas Maltby, contractor (verbal) at $30.
Old bridge removed, 60 feet long.
1 culvert, 13 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
1      „        20 feet long, by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Hollow filled in and graded 12 feet wide.
Various small repairs have been made throughout the district, to culverts, bridges,
&c.    A heavy slide has also been removed from the Sooke Eoad.
San Juan Trail.
George H. Baker, foreman.
It having been reported that paying alluvial gold diggings existed on San Juan
Eiver, it was deemed expedient to cut a trail to connect Leech Eiver with the headwaters of that stream.
A sum having been placed on the Estimates for this purpose, Mr. Baker was
instructed, on the 12th of August last, to form a party of men and proceed to cut a trail
from the north fork of Leech Eiver to the headwaters of San J uan Eiver. On Mr.
Baker's return, he reported having cut a suitable pack-trail from the initial point to
within a distance of about 3 or 4 miles of San Juan Eiver.
Mr. Baker's return was brought about by the very severe bush fires which were
raging at the time.    The foreman's report is hereunto appended :—
Eeceived at the Land Office, Victoria,
January 15th, 1879.
" Sir,—In accordance with your letter, of August 12th, 1878, instructing me to proceed to the north branch of Leech Eiver and construct a trail from there to San Juan River,
I formed a party, and left Victoria on the 13th August, and arrived at the forks of the
west branch and north branch of the Leech Eiver on the 15th August, and commenced
work on the north side of the west branch, and following it up on that side for 4 J miles,
the first 200 yards being a rather steep side-hill cutting. At H miles built a bridge of
40 feet span over a ravine. At 3 miles crossed a creek, emptying into west branch,
with very little water in summer, and showing indications of gold and gold-bearing
quartz. On this section the grading is done 2\ feet wide, and the clearing, which was
very heavy on account of the dense underbrush and heavy fallen timber, has been made
6 feet wide.
" I then crossed to the south side of the west branch, and followed it up a distance
of 3 miies. On this section built a bridge, 12 feet span, over ravine; about 1J miles of
the distance heavy side-hill grading 2 \ feet wide; the clearing, as on previous sections,
6 feet wide ; heavy underbrush and fallen timber. I then crossed to north side of west
branch, and followed it up on that side for 2\ miles, building 1 bridge, 16 feet span,
over small creek; about one-half of this section side-hill grading 2} feet wide ; clearing
as before 6 feet wide, heavy underbrush and many fallen logs. I then crossed the west
branch, and leaving it, carried the trail, by an easy grade, 4 miles to summit; the work
principally side-hill grading 2} feet wide, and the clearing as in previous sections.
From this summit the trail descends,  with clearing and grading as before,  to the 280 Report of Public Works. 1878
meadows, a distance of 2\ miles. Just before reaching the meadows, comes a creek
about 30 feet wide, containing very little water in summer, and having indications of
gold and gold quartz. The trail then comes to the meadows at a distance of about 400
yards. These meadows contain about 2,000 acres of open land, suitable for agricultural
purposes. Where the trail crosses the meadows, it is carried over on a reef of sandstone,
which stands up above the surface of the meadows about 6 feet, and is about 100 yards
wide. Adjoining this reef, and running parallel to it, is a vein of quartz 8 to 10 feet
wide, encased between walls of slate rock. Leaving the meadows, the trail is carried in
a north-westerly direction 1 mile to summit, and thence li miles, descending to Jordan
Eiver, the clearing and grading being similar to preceding sections. On arriving at
the Jordan, the trail is carried across, and then upon the westerly side, a distance of 200
yards, to a creek coming in from the west, called "Eight-Mile Creek," crossing which
I followed up on its north side to the summit, a distance of 3 miles. There are indications of gold in this creek.
" On this last section the work was particularly heavy; the ascent not being steep,
but, for about half the distance, consisting of steep side-hill grading, and the clearing-
being heavier than on the other sections ; the undergrowth being very dense, and very
many fallen logs ; the grading was made as on the other parts, 2\ feet wide, and clearing
6 feet wide.
" From this point to the San Juan Eiver, is a distance of 3J miles through heavy
timber, but as fires were raging in the neighbourhood, and from what I saw. and from
information received as to the extent of the fire, I deemed it unwise to proceed any
further with the work, as it seemed more than probable that any work which I did
would be destroyed, especially as 2 miles of the trail which I had already built on the
west branch, had been destroyed by fires; and I was necessitated to rebuild it on my
way back to Victoria.
"I completed my work on the 21st September, and returned to Victoria. I would
beg to mention that in returning, and passing over the trail between the north branch
of Leech Eiver and Goldstream, I found that the fires had done a great deal of damage
to the trail. All bridges have been destroyed, with the exception of one, and that is
unsafe. The bridge over Goldstream is unharmed, but at least 6 miles of the 15 miles,
between the two points, have been burnt over, and are choked'up with fallen logs.
" The total length of trail which I built between the north.branch of Leech River
and the San Juan Eiver, and with moderate grades, is 22 miles, and was in good condition
for men or pack-animals to travel over. " I have, &o.,
(Signed) " George II. Baker.
" To the Hon. G. A. Walkem,
" Chief Conunissioner of Lands and Works."
Cowichan Electoral District.
Eoads and Bridges.
Mayne Island Wharf.
John Nicholson, Superintendent.
T. W. Bennett, contractor, at $850.
This wharf has been built in Miner's Bay, Mayne Island (Plumper Pass), and is a
great convenience to the settlers on that island.
The work has been completed in a substantial manner by the contractor. The main
wharf is 30 feet by 40 feet, provided with a suitable slip for the shipment of cattle, &c.
The approach is 178 feet in length, in 25 feet spans, with a roadway 10 feet wide,
protected with substantial combings on each side.
A dolphin, consisting of three raking piles, securely banded together at the top,
has been driven in a line with the face of the wharf, and 20 feet distant therefrom.
There is a depth of 9 feet at the end of the wharf at low water spring tides. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 281
Repairs to Thain's Eoad, near Dougan's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
James Dougan, contractor, at $91.
Grading,     265 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelling, 265     „        9        ,, 6 in. deep.
Holes and ruts were also filled for a considerable distance, and the hillocks levelled.
This piece of road is situate on the line between Harrisville and Shawnigan Lake.
Sleigh Eoad from Junction of Kokasailah Eoad to Hennessy's.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
Peter Hennessy, contractor, at $85.
Grading, 1,320 yards, 10 feet wide.
Some cutting and filling was required on this road.
Repairs to Eoad from Tod's to Flats Eoad.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
William Copley, contractor, at $249.
Grading,     557 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelling, 744     „        9        „ 6 in. deep.
1 bridge repaired.
2 culverts, 15 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
1      „        16     „       2 J   „       1J „
Forest clearing, the entire distance, 20 feet wide.
Numerous holes, ruts, &c, were also specified to be filled up with gravel.
This contract was stopped by a written notice to the contractor on 15th July, 1878.
Eepairs to Eoad from Harrisville to Flats Eoad.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
James Love, contractor, at $380.
Grading,     666 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 713     „      10        „ 6 in. deep.
A bridge near Eichardson's repaired, new hand-railing, sills raised, &c.; approach
filled in to height of 4 feet; length 47 yards.
This work was stopped by letter dated the 15th July, 1878.
Eepairs to Eoad from Harrisville to Sayward's Mill.
John Nicholson, superintendent.
James Dougan, contractor, at $290.
Grading,     406 yards, 16 feet wide.
Gravelling, 406     „        9        „ 6 in. deep.
1 culvert, 16 feet by 2J feet by 1J feet.
Eepairing bridge, filling holes with gravel, &o.
Cross Eoad from McLay's to Love's.
A Blyth, contractor (verbal), at $25.
Grading sleigh road, 500 yards, 10 feet wide.
Bridge near McLay's.
David Evans, superintendent.
A. Blyth, contractor (verbal), at $150.
This bridge is 117 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 13 feet high, with substantial crib
abutments. The agreement for its construction was made in the autumn of 1877, and
the work was stopped on the 13th July, 1878. The site originally selected for this
bridge has been objected to by a 'number of settlers, who have stated that it would
benefit but one person, whereas if its position was- altered it would be a convenience to
a number of the residents in that neighbourhood.
Day Work.
Eepairs, Cowichan Wharf.
John Nicholson, foreman.
This wharf having been reported as very unsafe, Mr. Nicholson was dispatched to
repair it.   It was found that nearly all the piles in the main portion of the wharf had &k Report of Public Works. 1878
been eaten close off to the mud by worms (Torredo navalis.) The repairs consisted of
driving 31 new piles, varying in length from 28 feet to 35 feet. These piles have been
securely braced ; the gangway has also been repaired.
Section 1, Cowichan and Goldstream Eoad, Shawnigan Lake to Goldstream.
George Jones, foreman, at $50 per month.
Forest clearing, 1,669 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grading, 1,669     „      12       „
1 bridge, 54 feet long, 12 feet wide, 14 feet high.
5 culverts, 12 feet by 5 feet by 2 feet.
The total length of this section is about 15 miles, and tenders were invited for its
jonstruction, at the same time as for section 2 of this road. On the 29th January, 1877,
several tenders were received for the work, the lowest being that of Mr. Joseph Nicholson for $9,627, but the contract was not awarded. From the above amount it would
appear that Mr. Nicholson estimated the cost of building the road, including bridging
and culverts, at some $640 per mile. The cost of the works enumerated above, and conducted under the supervision of Mr. George Jones, was $1,421.84; therefore, the total
cost of the section at that rate would have been say $1,500 per mile, or $22,500. It may
be further stated that the portion of the road built by Mr. Jones was not by any means
the most expensive to construct, but may be taken as a fair average of the entire line.
This work was stopped, as previously mentioned, on the 3rd July last, and the road
party paid off.
Trunk Eoad, Duncan's to the Mission.
David Evans, foreman.
Grading,     420 yards, 22 feet wide.
Gravelling, 420     „      11       „ 8 in. deep.
1 bridge, 102 feet long, 14 feet wide, 26 feet high.
This bridge is built over Mill Creek, on the section line near the Mission, and is
nearly level with the road at either end. The old crossing was very dangerous, the
bridge being narrow and rotten, with very steep pitches both on to and off it.
The usual amount of general repairs have been carried out in this district, fallen
timber cleared, bridges and culverts repaired, &c.
Nanaimo Electoral District.
Eoads and Bridges.
Gabriola Island Wharf.
Colin McDonald, superintendent.
A. J. McLellan, contractor at $684.
This wharf has been built at a point on Gabriola Island just abreast of the entrance
to the Nanaimo rapids. The main wharf is 40 feet by 30 feet, provided with a
suitable gangway or slip, mooring and fender piles. The approach is 159 feet in
length, carried on piles and trestles securely braced. The roadway is 12 feet wide
and protected with substantial combings on both sides. The East Coast mail
steamers, carrying mails, can now call at the Island without danger and with very
little delay.
Main Eoad from Nanaimo to Nanaimo Eiver Bridge.
James Clandenning, foreman.
Grading 2,000 yards, 18 feet wide.
Forest clearing 1,200 yards, 40 feet wide.
1 bridge, 100 feet long, 16 feet wide, 10 feet high.
9 culverts, 19 feet by 1$ feet by 1 foot.
This road is practically constructed on an entirely new line, and is much shorter
than the old bush road, which followed for a considerable part of the distance the
the old Victoria-Comox Eoad.
This work was commenced in 1877, and has been prosecuted during the past
spring and summer. The road is now opened to the Nanaimo bridge, but some
gravelling and culverts and a bridge over Chase Eiver are still required. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 283
When completed it will be a great convenience to the settlers in Cedar and Cranberry Districts, and also make a pleasant drive for the inhabitants of Nanaimo.
Some repairs have also been made to the Wellington Eoad, and on the other roads
in the district fallen trees have been removed, culverts and bridges repaired, &c.
Nanaimo School-House.
Colin McDonald, superintendent.
John Hilbert, contractor at $2,225.
The School-house when finished will have two wings, and a principal building
between. This contract only included the north wing, which is two storeys high
and erected on a substantial stone foundation.
The structure is 50 feet long and 24 feet wide, outside measurements, divided as
follows: Lower floor school-room, 32 feet 6 inches by 22 feet 6 inches ; class-room,
16 feet by 13 feet 6 inches ; hall; height of ceiling 15 feet 6 inches. These rooms
are suitably fitted up with teachers' desks, seats and platforms, and desks and seats
combined for the pupils.
As the School Trustees considered that the extra accommodation afforded by the
lower storey would be sufficient for some time to come, a staircase to the first floor
was omitted, but ample room has been provided in the hall for its construction
when additional room is required. The first floor is not filled up or divided off into
rooms ; the height of the ceiling is 12 feet 6 inches. The building is hard-finished
The School-house is centrally situated, and has been erected on land which the
Government have made arrangements to purchase from the Vancouver Coal Co.
The land consists of lots 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, block 22, of Nanaimo Town, giving a
'   frontage on two streets.
Comox Electoral District.
Eepairs, Comox Wharf.
John Nicholson, foreman.
This wharf was discovered early in the year to be in a very unsafe condition from
a similar cause to that which endangered the stability of the Cowichan wharf, viz.: a
number of the piles having been eaten through close to the mud by the worms.
The repairs consisted of driving four new piles, 15 inches in diameter, 40 feet long ;
three raking piles, 75 feet long, bolted to caps; 2 raking piles, 40 feet long, fastened
in a like manner.
The north side of the main wharf has been enlarged by adding a piece 40 feet
long, with—
21 piles, 36 feet long.
2 stringers, 44 feet long, 10 inches by 12 inches.
2       „ 30
2        „ 20
2       „ 10
Covered with 12 inches by 3 inches planking.
A T turnout was also constructed, adjoining the approach, 60 feet long and 6 feet
wide. This was built for the convenience of wide-track waggons passing on the
approach, which is 1,035 feet long and 12 feet in width, between the handrailing.
Bridge on Denman Island Eoad.
O. McCutcheon, contractor (verbal) at $130.
Geo. F. Drabble, superintendent.
This work was performed in 1877 by contractor, acting under instructions from
Mr. Drabble.
Some small repairs have also been made to bridges, culverts, and roads, in
different parts of the District. 284 Report of Public Works. 1878
New Westminster Electoral District.
Sleigii Eoad, from point on North-East Eoad, opposite Eodick's farm to Hayman's
L. F. Bonson, Superintendent.
William Murray, contractor at $420.
Grading, 1,232 yards, 12 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 1,232 yards, 18 feet wide.
One culvert, 20 feet by 2 feet by 1} feet.
The grading consisted of levelling the hillocks, filling in holes, removing stumps,
&c, &c.
Coast Meridian Eoad, from the New Westminster and Hope Eoad along the Coast
Meridian to the road from Langley to Ladner's Landing.
L. F. Bonson, Superintendent.
Alexander Murchison, Contractor, at $1,750.
Grading, 2,016 yards, 12 feet wide.
Forest clearing, 2,016 yards, 18 feet wide.
Grading, 1,289 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelling, 1,289 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditch, 1,289 yards, 7 feet wide at the top, 2 feet at bottom, 3 feet deep.
Brush, 1,289 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelling, 66 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Corduroy, 374 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditches on both sides, 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot, 20 feet apart inside edges.
Necessary culverts were also provided for.
On the portion of the road, 1,289 yards long, one ditch had already been cut
and a narrow roadway constructed. A berm of 6 feet was specified for to be left
between the inside edge of the ditching and the bottom of the slopes of the raised
A letter was dispatched to the Government Agent at New Westminster, dated
the 4th July, instructing him to notify the contractor to stop the work. This was
accordingly done with the least possible delay.
Numerous repairs have been made on the different roads throughout the district,
under the superintendence of Mr. L. F. Bonson, the heaviest expenditure having
occurred in the maintenance of the New Westminster and Hope road.
The repairs consisted of mending bridges, renewing culverts, clearing out fallen
timber, scouring ditches, enlarging tail-drains, gravelling, etc.
The above-mentioned work was carried out prior to the 30th June last.
The roof of the Hospital has been repaired, and portions of the Gaol building and
fencing have been renovated.
A survey has been made with the idea of eventually conveying water by means of
iron pipes from the Ravine, near the Penitentiary, to the Lunatic Asylum. The result
shows sufficient fall can be obtained to force the water over the entire building, and by
that means utilize the fire plugs and cisterns with which it is provided. The site of the
dam, constructed by the contractors for the building, is, I am advised, not well
adapted to its purpose. During the dry season the water for the Asylum is supplied by
"Tee Sumass Dyking Act, 1878."
It will be remembered that in the year 1876 the settlers in the Chilliwhack and
Sumass Settlements experienced great loss from the remarkable height Fraser River
attained in the annual summer freshets. After the water subsided Mr. E. Dewdney,
acting under instructions from the Department, made a survey and ran several lines of
levels for the purpose of ascertaining the feasibility of protecting these lands from
further inundation by a system of levees and floodgates.     His report,  which, on the 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 285
whole, was favourable to the scheme, together with plans, profiles, sections and rain-fall
tables explanatory thereof, were published in the Departmental Eeport for the year 1876.
The Government received a communication, dated the 18th October, 1877, from Mr.
E. L. Derby, of San Francisco, stating that he had examined the Chilliwhack and Sumass
Settlements, and reporting on the practicability of successfully dyking the lands included
therein. He proposed to build the requisite levees, floodgates, etc., in a thoroughly
substantial manner, and estimated the cost of the work at $118,000. To reimburse
himself for this large outlay, ho stated that the settlers in the neighbourhood
of the Hope and Camp sloughs, in Upper Chilliwhack, were prepared, on the completion
of the work, to pay him the sum of $2,500, and the settlers of Sumass $50,000 in
instalments, leaving a balance of $66,000 to be met. As an equivalent for this sum, he
stated that the unoccupied Crown land in the vicinity amounted to 45,000 acres, including
Sumass Lake, with an estimated area of 10,000 acres, and proposed to take this amount
of Government land in full satisfaction thereof. The sums to be paid by the settlers
were to be extended over a term of years, and the ultimate payment of the total amounts
secured by charges on their lands.
Mr. Derby not being able to make satisfactory arrangements with the Government
on this basis, applied for a private bill during the first session of the Provincial
Legislature held in 1878. A bill was introduced, and, in due course, referred to a Select
Committee on Private Bills. That gentleman explained his project to the Committee,
and submitted plans and specifications of the works he deemed necessary to effectually
dyke the Chilliwhack, Sumass and Matsqui Settlements. These documents were referred
to the then Chief Commissioner, who, in a communication, dated the 11th March, 1878,
condemned them on account of the meagreness of the specifications, and the evident
weakness of the framing, and the slightness of the sheet piling proposed to be used in
the floodgates.
Between the date of Mr. Derby's first proposition and his examination before the
Select Committee, that gentleman again carefully examined the ground, accompanied
by an engineer acting on behalf of the Government.
The engineer's reports were placed at the disposal of the Committee, who finally
recommended that, taking into consideration the large interests at stake and the
importance of having the levees and gates built in a thoroughly efficient manner, the
necessary plans and specifications should be prepared by the Chief Commissioner. On
account of the time required to do this it was found impossible to submit more than
sketches of the proposed works before the House was prorogued.
The "Sumass Dyking Act, 1878," was assented to on the 10th April, and its principal
features are as follows, viz.:—
Mr. E. L. Derby, on properly and effectually dyking the Sumass, Chilliwhack and
Matsqui Settlements, on or before the 1st July, 1880, in accordance with plans and
specifications, prepared under the supervision of the Chief Commissioner, and approved
of by him, shall be entitled, out of the Chilliwhack and Sumass districts, to receive free
grants of 45,000 acres of Crown land, selected from unoccupied sections in townships
16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29 and 30, including Sumass Lake, one-half to be chosen by
Mr. Derby, and one-half by the Chief Commissioner. On the Matsqui section, 6,000
acres are to be selected in a similar manner from land in townships 13, 14, 16,17 and 20.
The occupied lands, not being Crown lands, are to be assessed at the following rates:—
The land subject to overflow in the southern half of township 16, and in townships
19, 20, 22 and 23, at $5 per acre, payable in three instalments, due respectively in 5, 10
and 15 years, dating from the 1st January, 1878, and carrying interest from the 1st
July, 1878, at the rate of 8 per cent, per annum until paid. The lands subject to
overflow in townships 26, 27, 29 and 30 to be assessed at the rate of 50 cents per acre,
payable in two instalments, due on the 1st January, 1879, and 1st January, 1880, carrying
interest at the rate of 8 per cent, until paid.
The land subject to overflow within the line of dykes in townships 17 and 20, and
north of the line of dyke surveyed for C. B. Sword, $4 per acre, and the land subject to
overflow in Townships 13, 14, 16, and 17, south of the aforesaid line, at the rate of $2 50
per acre, Such sums of four dollars, and two dollars andfifty cents per acre, respectively,
to be payable, in two instalments, in four and nine years, elating from January 1st, 1878
and carrying interest, from the 1st July, 1878, at the rate of eight per cent, per annum. 286 Report of Public Works. 1878
The Act also provides that the work shall be performed under the supervision of
the Chief Commissioner, and that all costs and charges connected with the preparation
of plans and specifications, and the inspection of the work, shall be refunded to the
Government by Mr. Derby. Suitable penal clauses are also embodied in it to insure the
satisfactory completion of the work; also powers to resume possession of the lands
granted, provided Mr. Derby fails to effectually protect the said districts from inundation
from Fraser Eiver.
Work was commenced on the Matsqui section of the scheme in May last, and on the
25th June, Mr. J. A. Navarre, left Victoria to superintend the work on behalf of
the Government.
The draft plans, and specifications were perused and agreed to, with some unimportant alterations, and duly signed by both parties on the 13th June, 1878.
Up to the date of this report work has been entirely confined to the Matsqui section,
and has been continued, with occasional stoppages, since its commencement. Some
unforeseen difficulties have arisen during the progress of the work, the most important
being the discovery of an extensive peat bed some 1800 feet in length. This bed occurs
on the upper or Sumass Mountain end of the dyke. It is not probable that very rapid
progress will be made until the spring, as the severity of the weather precluded the
possibility of constructing earth or clay embankments to advantage.
Annexed are two reports from the Superintendent of the works; one devoted
especially to peat bed obstruction referred to above, the other being a general report on
the amount of dyke constructed since the commencement of the work.
" Eiver Side, B. O,
" December 5th, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to submit, herewith, the supplemental report and tracings
mentioned in my report for the month of November.
" In connection with the tracing I will simply state,—
" 1st. That in the prosecution of the work in this portion of the Matsqui Dyke, we
have encountered an obstacle unlooked for, viz.: a vast peat bed extending from the
foot of Sumass Mountain, 1,800,feet of which distance the dyke must, under existing
circumstances, be constructed over.
" 2nd. The tracing will inform you of the height of the grade line from station 353
to 378; also the point of commencement of peat on line of dyke, and the average depth
of the mountain; the direction of drain-water as it courses to the creek; where the
creek crosses the dyke, &c.
" As I stated in my monthly report referred to, a drain-ditch cut inside the dyke
will drain the water into the creek and obviate all interference of the same with the
" The ditches shown in the tracing have very effectually drained what was
heretofore a vast swamp. The land side ditch is the only one that now carries any
water of consequenee. By tapping the creek at the upper side of the prairie the water
in the same can be diverted into the river at very little cost.
"Bulkhead, supported with earth embankment to the top, is essential at the creek.
You will observe that for a short distance the bottom of the ditch is sandy. This sand
is dangerous when saturated with water. In other parts of the line, except in the peat
bed, the soil is a stiff blue clay as far as I can ascertain, and this will make a firm and
secure embankment when once settled in place and reveted.
As 1 believe it will not be safe to build an embankment of the peat, and that it will
be dangerous to drain it and place it in a condition liable to be fired, and as the cost of
its removal to the clay bed would be exorbitant, I would recommend a plain bulkhead
work, commencing at a point where the.peat is more than twelve inches in depth, and thence
extending to the mountain; the structure to be piling and stringers, as in the plan for
bulkhead in Matsqui, and two thicknesses of sheet piling, three inches to each thickness,
making a solid mass of timber six inches thick, dispensing with the batten, but having
the outer sheet break joints with the inner, the whole to bo fastened, at intervals on the
outside of 18 inches, with 5-inch wrought spikes; the inner sheet to be securely fastened
to the stringers, or if the whole is fastened to  stringers from the outside,  then a 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 287
sufficient length of fastening should be used, that will very nearly penetrate through
the stringer. But a much more preferable structure would be the use of 6-inch solid
sheet piling with battens well fastened. This at any point where the grade line is more
than four feet above the surface; at all points less than four feet, one thickness of
sheeting with lj-inch by 6-inch battens will do.
" All lumber cedar, clear and sound. Piles and sheet piling to be well driven into
clay or below peat.
" I have, etc.,
" I. A. Navarre,
" Superintendent Sumass Dyking Scheme."
" Victoria, British Columbia,
"January 9th, 1879.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works :
Sir,—In accordance with your request, 1 have the honour to herein submit a brief
summary of the work done by virtue of the "Sumass Dyking Act Scheme," under my
supervision, as your agent on the works.
"No construction has been done except on the Matsqui division of the dyke.
" All work done to date is earthwork embankment.
" The total length of line of dyke as located measures 37,845 feet over all. The
height of grade line varies from two-tenths of a foot to fourteen feet. Grade line is one
foot above high water mark of 1876.
" Cedar pile timber is on the ground for the building of the gates in the sloughs.
" Work has progressed slowly for reasons best known to the promoter of the
scheme. A gap of very nearly 9,000 feet remains to be closed. None of the embankment
is in a finished state, as, owing to shrinkage and other causes, slopes must be slightly
remedied and more earth added before the same is in a fit state to seed.
" In the further construction of the dyke a few changes must necessarily be made
to meet exigencies which were not anticipated and probably unknown at the time of the
drafting and signing of plans and specifications. Such exigencies are liable to occur in
any work as extensive as this.
" The exigencies spoken of are the finding of an immense peat bed at the extreme
upper end of the line, and a quick-sand bottom at points where heavy embankment is
required.   I anticipate no trouble in successfully overcoming these difficulties.
"At this writing the cold and snow prohibits the construction of earth work. The
timber work might be done to advantage.
" The work cannot be completed too soon. The time to be occupied in the
completion of the work depends entirely on the force of workmen employed.
"Ihave, etc.,
"I. A. Navarre,
"Superintendent Sumass Dyking Scheme."
Yale-Cariboo Waggon Road.
The amounts expended on the Cariboo Trunk Eoad have been kept, as in the past
two years, distinct from the Districts of Yale, Lillooet and Cariboo. A similar arrangement and division into sections has also been maintained, viz.:—
Section 1.—Yale to Boston Bar     25 miles.
2.—Boston Bar to Clinton     Ill
3.—Clinton to Soda Creek    130J
4.—Soda Creek to Quesnellemouth     58
5.—Quesnellemouth to Cameron ton       60 288
Report of Public Works.
The following work has been executed on the different sections :—
Section 1.—Yale to Boston Bar.
N. Black, foreman ; salary $130 per month.
January ,
February ,
June .
July ,
Nature of work.
October ...,
Gravelling, 625 yards, 36 feet wide, 2 to 3 ft. deep
Do.        102     ,,      12        ,,          6 to 12 in.  ,,
Stone walling, 118 feet, 5 feet high 	
2 culverts, 50 feet by 2 feet by if feet	
1        ii        18      ,,       3$    ,,      2      ,,  	
Re-covering bridge, 47 feet long	
General repairs, clearing slides, widening road, &c.
Gravelling, 271 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 in. deep...
Stone walling, 78 feet, 2 feet high 	
Re-covering 1 bridge, 34 feet long, 18 feet wide ...
1 culvert, 18 feet by 6 feet by 3 feet	
General repairs, blasting and removing rocks and
clearing slides	
Stone wall, 136 feet, 2 to 8 feet high	
Half bridging, 370 ft.., 18 ft. wide, 13 to 19$ ft. high
Grading, 20 yards, 18 feet wide ,..,,	
Filling,   20     „        2 to 10 feet deep	
Stone walling, 136 feet, 3 to 12 feet high	
1 bridge, 90 feet long, 18 feet wide, 19 feet high...
3 culverts, 12 feet wide, 18 feet long, 3 to 5 ft. deep
Blasting, 717 cubic yards 	
1 bridge, 42 feet long, 18 feet wide, 22 feet high...
1      „       52        ., 18        „ 18
1      „       57        „ 18        „ 13        „
$      „      49        „ 9 to 18        „ 17
1 culvert 16 feet by 18 feet by 4 feet 	
1      „       19      „      18      „      2   „    	
Stone walling, 67 feet, 4 to 5 feet high   	
Gravelling, 404 yards, 12 ft. wide, 6 to 24 in. deep
1 bridge, 42 feet long, 18 feet wide, 22 feet high...
$      „     143       „  8 to 18        „ 12
General repairing, re-covering bridge, 131 ft. long,
clearing slides and rocks 	
1 culvert, 18 feet by 12 feet by 4 feet	
Cribbing, 49 feet, 9 feet high  	
Gravelling, 60 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 to 18 in. deep
1 bridge, 134 feet long, 18 feet wide, 65 feet high
Cribbing, 48 feet, 10 feet high	
Gravelling, 170 yards, 12 ft. wide, 6 to 12 in. deep
1 bridge, 52 feet long, 18 feet wide, 10 feet high
1 bridge re-covered, 32 feet long	
3 culverts, 18 feet long, 6 to 13 ft. wide, 4 to 6 ft.
Cribbing, 230 feet, 10 feet high 	
Stone walling, 86 feet, 5 to 11 feet high	
1 bridge, 28 feet long, 18 ft. high  	
1 culvert, 18 feet by 8 feet by 3 feet 	
Grading, 100 feet, 12 feet wide   	
1 culvert, 18 feet by 10 feet by 3 feet	
1      n        18      ,, 8      ,,      3   ,,	
1      ,,        18      ,, 8      „      2$,	
Blasting, 32 cubic vards	
1 bridge, 47 feet long, 22 feet wide, 19 feet higt
1 culvert, 18 feet by 17 feet by 8 feet	
General repairs    ,,,	
No. of men.
11 Whites
1 Chinaman
11 Whites
1 Chinaman
1.1 Whites
I Chinaman
I 15 Whites
1 Chinaman
14 Whites
2 Chinamen
10 Whites
2 Chinamen
10 Whites
1 Chinaman
9 Whites
2 Chinamen
9 Whites
-10 Whites
7 Whites
2 Whites
No. of
} 313$
| 274
Rate of Wages
per diem.
$1  66 to $3
1  66 to 3  18$
2 69 to 3 18
2 69
2 69 to 3 00
2 69 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Section 2.—Boston Bar to Clinton.
Arthur Stevenson, foreman, at $130 per month.
January .
Nature of work.
General repairs to road	
Cutting out ice,   clearing ditches and removing
loose rocks and gravel slides	
General repairs	
Cribbing 125 feet, 6 feet high ;	
Stone walling 150 feet, 4 feet high	
Grading 400 yards, 25 feet wide	
Ditching 500 yards	
Gravelling 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Gravelling 700 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches deep
1 bridge 40  feet long, 18 feet wide, 12 feet high...
4 culverts, 20 feetby 2 feet by 1$ feet	
Cribbing 70 feet, 10 feet to 15 feet high	
Stone walling 200 feet, 5 feet high ,	
Gravelling 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
1 bridge 20 feet long, 18 feet wide, 14 feet high ...
„     40       „    '    20       ,, 18
$     „     30       „ 10        ,, 20
Grading 100 yards, 18 feet wide	
Gravelling 1,000 yards 12 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Cribbing 90 feet, 5 feet wide	
Ditching 100 yards, 2 feet by 1$ feet	
Gravelling 830 yards, 10 to 18 feet wide, 12 inches
Covering one bridge, 20 feet long, 20 feet wide	
Gravelling 1,115 yards, 10 to 15 feet wide,  10 to
12 inches deep	
1 culvert 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot	
General repairs, clearing out slides and ditches ...
Gravelling 1,250 yards, 12 to 15 feet wide, 10 to
12 inches deep	
General repairs, clearing rock and gravel slides ...
Stone walling 75 feet, 5 feet high	
Gravelling 120 yards, 15 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Cribbing 90 feet, 6 feet high 	
Cabin for section men at Nicomin, 12 feet by 14
General repairs, clearing water courses, shovelling
out  rock and  other   slides,   and   gravelling
portions of the road	
General repairs	
General repairs, clearing gravel slides, scouring
ditches, &c	
No. of men.
6 Whites
8 Whites
21 Whites
1 Chinaman
18 Whites
1 Chinaman
12 Whites
1 Chinaman
31 Whites
10 Whites
3 Whites
4 Whites
3 Whites
No. of
• 527
Rate of Wages
per diem.
$2 69 to 3 08
2 92 to 3 08
2 19 to 3 46
2  19 to 3 46
2 19 to 3 08
2 69 to 3 46
2 69 to 3 08 290
Report or Public Works.
Section 3.—Clinton to Soda Creek.
William Boyd, foreman, at $130 per month.
Nature of work.
No. of men.
No. of
Rate of Wages
per diem.
■ 10 Whites
Ml       ..
•io      >,
Gravelling 175 yards, 14 feet wide 12 inches deep
72      „     12        „         10
Ditching 400 yards, 2$ feet wide, 18 inches deep
$1  92 to 3 46
Gravelling 256 yards, 12 feet wide 15 inches deep
1 bridge, 30 feet long, 20 feet wide, 5 feet high,
n       88        ,,         20        ,,          8        ,,       	
• i        18         „          21         „          4         „       	
Gravelling 223 yards, 14 feet wide, 12 inches deep
Cordnroy 1,092 feet, 18 teet wide..	
1 bridge, 18 feet long, 10 luet wide, 4 feet high	
n       1°        n          8        ,,          3        ,,       	
jj       18        j)          7        ,,          4        ,,       	
„        18         „         10         „           4         „       ...;.
Ditching 713 yards, 3 feet wide, 14 inches deep ...
Forest clearing 6,160 yards, widening to 75 feet...
Gravelling 916 yards, 14 feet wide, 12 inches deep
Bridge, 45 feet long, 21 feet wide, 5 feet high	
9  culverts, 3 feet to  10 feet long, 20 feet wide, 2
Ditching 1,182 yards, 3 feet wide, 10 inches deep
Forest clearing, widening to 60 feet, 8,800 yards
Gravelling 510 yards, 14 feet wide, 12 inches deep
1 bridge, 15 feet long,  22 feet wide, 4 feet high ...
2 „          13         „          21         ,,          4
1 culvert, 21 feet by 7 feet by 2 feet	
During the progress of the work  in this  section,
rock, trees and slides were removed throughout its entire length, and the deep ruts filled
up. 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Section 4. Soda Creek to Quesnellemouth.
W. A. Johnston, foreman, at $200 per month.
March ,
October ..,
Nature of work.
Stone walling 285 feet, 6 feet high	
Cribbing 32 feet, 3 feet high	
Clearing slides and ditches, and repairing bridge
Cribbing 194 feet, 4 feet to 6 feet high 	
Forest clearing 1,870 yards, 33 feet wide	
Grading 1,870 yards, 18 feet wide 	
1 bridge, 28 feet long, 17 feet wide, 7 feet high	
n       23        ,,        17        ,, 7        ,,       	
u       *5        ,,        17        ,, 7        ,,
n       82        ,,        17        ,, o        ,,       	
,,        covering renewed	
Stone walling 96 feet, 6 feet high	
Cribbing 624 feet, 6 feet high 	
1 bridge, 8 feet long, 18 feet wide, 3 feet high	
Cribbing 400 feet, 4 to 9 feet high	
2 culverts 17 feet by 2 feet by 3 feet	
2 bridges, 12 feet long, 17 feet wide, 4 feet high...
Clearing slides,  tilling ruts,  and other  general
Stone walling 265 feet, 4 feet high 	
Cribbing 940 feet, 5 feet to 9 feet high 	
Cribbing 320 feet, 5 feet high	
General repairs, clearing slides, filling ruts, etc...
Cribbing 234 feet, 6 feet high 	
Clearing slides, fallen timber, etc	
No. of men.
9 Whites
1 Chinaman
11 Whites
1 Chinaman
3 Whites
No. of
}  87$
Rate of Wages
per diem.
$2 25 to 3 25
2 40 to 4 0«
3 40 to 3 60
3 40 to 3 50
Section 5. Quesnellemouth to Barkerville.
W. A. Johnston, foreman, at $200 per month.
January .
Completing Cottonwood bridge, commenced in
Fall of 1877. Length of bridge 220 feet,
width 16 feet, 16 feet high	
1 bridge, 86 feet long, 17 feet wide, 7 feet high.
This bridge was constructed with a centre pier
of piles driven into tight gravel, one span 16
feet, two 35 feet. The men were also employed
during this month in clearing away the debris
of the old bridge at Cottonwood and completing the approaches to the new one	
Gravelling 460 yards, 10 to 18 feet wide, 3 inches
to 9 inches deep 	
General repairs, clearing land slides, filling in
approaches to bridges, etc	
General repairs, and keeping road clear of slides
and timber	
Ditching 710 yards, 6 to 12 inches deep	
Cribbing 40 feet, 8 feet high	
1 bridge, 26 feet long, 17 feet wide, 6 leet high..
ii   ^*   ii    ii   ii    5   ii
21 8
ii   ul ii    ii   ii    u   ii
Corduroy 165 feet, 17 feet wide	
Cribbing 492 feet, 2 to 8 feet high	
17 culverts, 18 feet by 1$ feet by 1 foot 	
Cribbing 1,331 feet, 1 to" 12 feet high	
Ditching 1,528 feet, 2 feet wide, 1 foot deep	
6 culverts, 17 feet by 2 feet by 1$ feet	
September ,
4       .,.
0 ii ii 11        12 11 ii  	
1 bridge, 25 feet long, 17 feet wide, 4 feet high..
4 culverts, 17 feet by 4 feet by 2 feet ;	
3 2 1
°        ii        ii        ii     -1        u    *•    ii 	
'' 11 1) 11       i ?! i?    •■
1 bridge, 6 feet long, 17 feetwide. 4 feet high...
General repairs,. ,,.,, ,,,	
7 Whites
\  6
12 Whites     -'
2 Chinamen
\   7 Whil
J    1 Chin
7 Whites
[U Whites
.   1 Chinaman
I   8 Whites
f   1 Chinaman
1   8 Whites
1 /  1 Chinaman
■ 234
■ 51
$3 50 to 4 00
3 50
3 50 to 5 00
2 40 to 4 00
2 60 to 4 09
3 25 to 4 00
2 60 to 4 00 292 Report of Public Works. 1878
Yale Electoral District.
Eoads and Bridges.
Section 2.—Kamloops and Nicola Eoad. Prom the end of Section 2, in Township
No. 105, Kamloops Division of Yale District to Nicola Valley; distance 22$ miles,
more or less.
John Ussher, superintendent.
Duncan A. McDonald, contractor, at $6,700.
This work was commenced in 1877, and completed and accepted last summer.
The contractor has been paid the full amount of the contract price, but he still
claims a large sum for extra work alleged to have been performed.
Mission Creek Bridge.
C. A. Vernon, superintendent.
J. D. Bermingham, contractor, at $1,730.
This bridge has been satisfactorily completed, the work accepted, and the contractor settled with in full.
Kamloops-Tranquille Eoad.
George Newlove, contractor, (verbal) at $420.
John Ussher, superintendent.
This contract was let for the purpose of completing the road, which was commenced in 1877, from a point opposite Fort Kamloops to Trancruille.
The work was stopped early in Jnly by Mr. John Ussher, Government Agent at
Kamloops, who acted under instructions from the Department, embraced in a
telegram dated 2nd July, 1878. Mr. Newlove totally disregarded the notification
from the Agent, and has demanded payment in full for the work, which he alleges
is completed according to the specification. The contractor's claim has therefore
not been recognized.
Okanagan and Savona's Ferry Eoad, (Improving grade at Summit Hill).
A. J. Kirkpatrick, contractor (verbal).
John Ussher, superintendent.
This Contract was let for the purpose of easing the grades near Grand Prairie,
but was cancelled by the Government Agent. The Department has no advice of the
work having been commenced by Mr. Kirkpatrick.
Duck and Pringle's to the Head of Okanagan Lake, (keeping road clear, &c.)
Charles W. Dixon, contractor, (verbal) at $200.
John Ussher, superintendent.
This work comprises keeping the road clear of fallen timber and branches, &c.,
from 14th May. 1878, to 14th May, 1879.
Day Work.
Eoad from Similkameen to Osoyoos.
Thomas Curry, foreman.
This work comprised grading a 4 feet trail round the bluff, about half a mile
below Price's, at Keremeos; also grading round nine-mile bluff. This bluff is
1,000 feet in length, 600 feet of which has been graded 13 feet wide, and 400 feet 4
feet wide. The foreman was instructed to commence work on 14th May, 1878, and
the party was disbanded early in July, and paid off.
It is estimated that a further outlay of some $400 would be sufficient to make the
road passable for waggons. 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 293
Eepairs, Hope-Similkameen Trail.
William Bristol, foreman.
The usual annual amount of labour was required on this trail, consisting of
clearing out slides, removing fallen timber, repairing bridges and corduroy.
Hope-Nicola Trail.
On account of the large quantity of cattle driven every season over this route, a
party was dispatched, as early as possible in the spring, to clear and repair the
trail from Hope to the Summit. The Government Agent was instructed, on the
8th May, to take the necessary steps to get the work completed with all practicable
On the same date, Mr. Clapperton, of Nicola Valley, was requested to send one
or two men to open the trail from Nicola Valley to the Summit, and connect their
work with the party starting from Hope.
Subsequently arrangements were made, by my predecessor in office, with Mr.
J. Wilson to travel over and look after the trail during the season, for wages at the
rate of $80 per month.
The expense, therefore, connected with clearing and keeping open this trail has
been rather heavy, amounting to some $1,500.
Repairs, Nicola Valley Waggon Eoad, at Coutlie's point.
J. T. Edwards, foreman.
Cutting new road round point of bluff to avoid a very steep grade.
General Eepairs, Nicola Valley Eoad, from Spence's Bridge to Moore's Eanch.
Distance, about 70 miles.
From the 1st July to November 30th, from one to three men were employed,
under the supervision of Mr. Arthur Stevenson, in keeping this road open. They
were employed shovelling out slides, clearing water-courses, and repairing bridges,
culverts, and the road generally.
Numerous small sums have been expended on the roads throughout the District,
and I am advised that they are in a very fair state of repair.
Works and Buildings.
Okanagan Lock-up.
Jean Leveau, contractor, at $825.
This building has been erected at a convenient point near Coldstream, Okanagan.
It is constructed with logs, 24 feet by 16 [feet, inside measurement, and is divided
into a court room, two cells, and a lavatory ; the floors, sides, ceiling, and partitions
are constructed of two thicknesses of two-inch plank laid transversely. The
necessary bolts, bars, locks, &c, are provided.
This work is still in the hands of the contractor.
Savona's Ferry, foot of Kamloops Lake.
As mentioned in the last Annual Eeport, this ferry was run by Mr. James Uren,
under a temporary arrangement, until the 16th March, 1878.
The wire rope stretched across Thompson Eiver, the scow, blocks, and running
gear, are the property of the Government.
Tenders were called for the maintenance of this ferry on the 5th of January, to
be received at Victoria on the 24th February last, the term to be three years, with
the usual determinating clause inserted in the charter, in ease the Government
thought fit to erect a bridge in the neighbourhood. The tolls to be similar to those
heretofore collected at the same point, and the competition to be on the amount of
rent to be paid annually to the Government for the privilege of collecting tolls
under charter.
Two tenders were received and opened on the appointed day, but neither conformed with the terms of the notice calling for the same, both parties requiring to
be paid a monthly sum for running the ferry.
Subsequently, arrangements were made by my predecesssor in office with Mr.
Uren to carry out the ferry services on the conditions set forth in the notice of the 294 Report of Public Works. 1878
5th January, 1878, the Government paying him $10 per month, in addition to the
tolls collected.
A charter was forwarded for his signature on the 24th June last, but the Department has not received any advice of its execution.
Lillooet Electoral District.
No new work has been undertaken in this district during the past year, the expenditure being confined to payment cf arrears due by the Department, general repairs to
the roads, and surveying new lines of road; the latter item being by far the most
Eoad from Big Bar Creek to Fraser Eiver.
P. Grinder, contractor (verbal), at $275.
This work consisted of grading a road between the above-mentioned points. The
agreement was made by Eobert Carson, then road superintendent for the district,
in 1877.    The contractor was paid in April last.
The Clinton-Lillooet Eoad has been repaired where found necessary. The Lillooet-
Lyttou Trail and the other roads and trails in the district have been generally repaired
and attended to.
Eoad Surveys.
Mr. John Jane was instructed, on the 28th March, to at once proceed to Lillooet
District and survey a road from Haller's, on Big Bar Creek, to Canoe Creek; and a
road from Oppenheimer's store, on Dog Creek, to the plains to the eastward.
Mr. Jane's reports on the different surveys are herewith submitted:—
"Dog Creek, April 20th, 1878.
" The Hon. F. G. Vernon,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that I have laid out a waggon road from
Mr. Haller's, on Big Bar Creek, to a point near the Canoe Creek House.
" After examining the country in company with Mr. Haller, I found that I could not
improve upon the route, "No. 1," as recommended by Mr. Johnstone. I therefore
adopted it. I quite agree with Mr. Johnstone in his remarks about route "No. 2,"
wherein he states that it is "almost impossible to obtain a suitable grade; very little of
the grading done last year could be utilized, and it is quite too steep for a sleigh or
waggon road." The foreman did not use discretion in spending money on this absurd
route. The mountain over which he intended to pass is fully 1,500 feet in altitude above
the Canoe Creek Valley.
" The route now laid out may be described as follows:—
" Miles.
" 1 to  2, —Open country, some grading and a couple of culverts.
"2 to 4, —A bridge, 46 feet long and 3$ feet high, to cross a wet bottom and small
stream. These two miles have a light growth of small black pine, some
few rocks near Gallagher's trail, and a little light grading.
" 4 to 8, —The first 3$ miles has a thin growth of small black pine, and the ground is
covered with rocks, generally from 1 to 4 feet through; a large proportion
of these are embedded in the ground, and will have to be removed by means
of gunpowder.
"8 to   9, —Open grassy slope; this mile has a fall of about  200  feet,   but  the grades
will be easy.
"9 to   11,—Foot of grassy hills; very little work.
"11 to 12,—Here there are two banks, the first 40, the next 100 feet in height. On the
first I have laid out a new grade. A road down the second bank was made a
year or two ago, but it is so steep and narrow that I had to lay it out
afresh. About two chains of the old work can be utilized with some few
improvements, " 12 to 17,—Some 50 to 59$ chains. In order to avoid building two new culverts, and to
escape a small hill, it is necessary to grade the point of a gravelly ridge,
and keep clear of the ditch.
" Seventeen miles and seventeen clains will be the end of the contract. Thence to
the end of the Dog Creek Eoad there is a distance of It miles to be completed at some
future time. I could not lay out this portion at present without annoying the Indians
by passing through their crops, and causing them to remove their fences. I, however,
pointed out to them the line of road that would be finally adopted, and advised them to
remove their fences accordingly.    I enclose—
" 1 map of surveyed road.
" 1 rough sketch to indicate the shape of the Clinton and Canoe Creek Country.
" 1 sheet—estimate of expenses; calculated at wages per man: labour, $2 50; food,
75 cts.; per diem, $3 25.
" 1 packet of notes for guidance of contractor and superintendent in constructing.
"From Canoe Creek to this place, there is but an indifferent road—merely a
makeshift for the time being. The grades leading up over the hill, at the back of Mr.
VanVolkenburg's house, are far too steep for a freight waggon. This ascent will have
to be re-surveyed, and the road built elsewhere. From the top of this hill there is an
undulating country all the way to the brow of Dog Creek Valley. A road could be
made over this portion at no great expense. The descent to Dog Creek should be
improved. A light waggon with about 500ibs. of freight can now pass along this line
of road, but it must not be supposed that a regular waggon road exists. The money
spont on VanVolkenburg's Hill has, I think, been thrown away by some incompetent
foreman. I am not sure of this, but I will spend a day there and explore for a better
grade. I have explored the shoulder of hill behind Oppenheimer's store on the right
bank of Dog Creek, and believe that I can ascend to the open plain without much
trouble. The existing road leads abruptly up over a hill 900 feet in height; this
distance is reached (if in a straight line) within a mile. A pair of horses could not
draw an empty waggon up this terrible ascent without taking many rests; a man on
horseback would dismount before attempting the hill. This is, I believe, the worst
piece of work ever performed by any rational being.
" I find that the whole population in this part of the country are strongly opposed
to the disbursement of any money on the Canoe Creek and Kelly Eoad, but are anxious
that the money should be expended on the old pack trail road, leading from the 9th
mile on my map via Big Bar Lakes to the Waggon Eoad from Clinton to Cariboo.
Their reasons are as follows: The Big Bar Lake Eoad would be permanent; would be
level; is grassy nearly the whole way to the Cariboo Eoad; and is the nearest. On the
other hand the road from Kelly's is very badly made; has very bad grades; is muddy in
places; there is not (save at Haller's) a blade of grass on it; it leads over a considerable
elevation; and is liable, if not sure, to be blocked with snow very frequently in winter.
# * * * # * *
" I have, etc.,
" John Jane."
"Dog Creek,  May 1st, 1878.
« The Hon. F. G. Vernon,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands and, Works,
" Sir,—I have the honour to inform you that I have laid out a road from this place
northward, round a point of mountain to the plains; distance, 5 miles and 25 chains.
" The work will consist mostly of plain grading; bed-rock protrudes in two places
only; 90 feet will cover the whole length; even that piece is not solid or difficult to
work. There are 3 low bridges to build over dry hollows,—1 of 50 feet by 13 feet high;
1 of 50 feet, by 12 feet high; and one of 66 feet, by 12 feet high.
"This line has been very carefully laid out, the grades are easy, and there will be
no sharp turns, but the construction, if not put under the care of a ctreful foreman, is
sure to be slighted.    It is ; piece of intricate work, and should be we 1 done.
" From the end of the tth mile, people can now take lightly-loided waggons to
Alkali Lake without much ^rouble. There is about three miles of grading to be done
this side of Little Dog Crec k, but the work is light, and could be done by " day-work."
I will send you an account of this portion at some, future time. 296 Report of Public Works. 1878
" The people of Alkali Lake have now to pay 1$ cents for packing their wheat to
this place to get it ground, and 1 cent for packing the flour back again,—$2 50 per 100 lbs.
When the 4 miles of hill-road shall be constructed, they will be able to use waggons.
The settlers seem pleased that this piece of work is about to be performed.
"Since writing to you last, I have re-examined the country between Canoe and Dog
Creeks. I thought that a good grade could be found from Canoe Creek up over the
mountain, northward, but I find that I was mistaken in my opinion. The present road
over the side-hill is built in the proper place; in its present condition, it will answer for
lightly-loaded waggons. At some future time, when the present cribbing becomes
rotten, the grades can be eased considerably,—vide enclosed sketch. On a former
occasion I told you that the road from Canoe Creek to Dog Creek "was only a makeshift
for the time being," but the road is somewhat better than that description would infer.
The plateau has numerous small hollows, that could be avoided, and the descent to Dog
Creek is very steep, still this portion of road will answer for years to come.
" I shall start to-day for the Alkali Lake and Chimney Creek District. After having
completed the road surveys there, I shall proceed onward to the 150-Mile Post and
commence the Williams Lake Eoad. "I have, etc.,
" John Jane."
" 150-Mile House, May 13th, 1878.
" The Hon. F. G. Vernon,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to enclose a survey of 3J miles of light side-hill grading,
leading down to Little Dog Creek from the south. The cost of construction I estimate
at   *       *    , probably a little less will build it.
"The work consists of plain grading, and can be done by day work or by contract;
the latter would probably be the cheapest. Mr, Meason, J. P., lives on Little Dog Creek,
and should he not engage in the work himself he would, I think, make an excellent
overseer, to see that the contract was properly carried out.
"From Little Dog Creek to Alkali Lake, the waggon road is in pretty good condition, but there should be from $15 to $20 spent on it in repairing two or three places
and culverts. The road in one place is washing away for want of a trifling outlay. 1
would advise you to authorize Mr. Meason to send a man to fix the above piaces; he
knows what is needed. " I have, etc.,
" John Jane."
" 150-Mile House, 13th May, 1878.
" To the Hon. Forbes George Vernon,
" Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, B. C.
"Sir,—1 have the honour to enclose the survey of a new waggon road from the
upper end of Alkali Valley to St. Peter's Springs, distance 8 miles. The old road from
Mr. Bowe's house leads up a narrow gorge over a steep hill side. I could not get even
an indifferent grade by going in that direction; neither could I find a suitable ascent
anywhere over the hills in that locality. 1 therefore determined to follow up the valley
of the stream (which rises steeply), and to get back to the old road by an easy grade.
" The new road rises very gently, passes through a fine grassy valley, where there
are numerous springs, and, save round the point of mountain, goes in the right direction.
The work will consist of plain grading; there are miles of the distance which will not
need touching; there will not be a single bill or a steep pitch for the whole distance.
"I estimate that the work will cost as follows, viz.: $ .
" Should you ever wish to continue a waggon road from St. Peter's Springs to
(Pinchbeck's) the main waggon road in Williams Lake Valley, the line should be
surveyed, as there are numerous small lakes and swamps to be avoided.
" From Alkali I came in a direct course to ' The Mission'; there is a good trail to
the crossing of Chimney Creek, and a sleigh road from there to the Mission.
"To-morrow I shall commence to lay out the road from here towards Soda Creek.
" I have not received any letters from your Department since I left Victoria.
"I have, etc.,
<• John Jane." 42 Vic Report of Public Works. 297
Lillooet Ferry.
Tenders were invited on the 4th April last for the right, under charter, of running
a ferry across Fraser Eiver at Lillooet, with the privilege of collecting the following
tolls for the term of five years. The competition was required to be on the annual rent
to be paid the Government for the charter rights, viz.:—
Freight per 100 lbs $    12$
2-horae vehicle  2 50
Cattle, mules, and horses per head   1 00
Pigs, sheep and goats, per head       37$
Passengers          25
Large packages of merchandise, per ton measurement  2 50
Eight tenders were received on the 6th May, and the charter awarded to James
Halladay; rent per annum, $140.
The ferry scow, hawser, and running tackle are the property of the Government.
Cariboo Electoral District.
Omineca Trail, Quesnellemouth to Manson Creek:
Donald McDonald, contractor, at $300.
Clearing trail 6 feet wide, repairing corduroy and bridges, etc.
The work has been completed and the contractor paid.
Carnarvon Eoad:
W. A. Johnston, foreman.
Distance, 1$ miles.
Cribbing, 400 feet, 4 to 5 feet high.
Forest cleai'ing, 300 yards, 12 feet wide.
Grading, 2,300 yards, 8 to 12 feet wide.
Gravelling, 120 feet, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
1 bridge, 13 feet long, 18 feet wide, 5 feet high.
1 bridge, 8 feet long, 18 feet wide, 4 feet high.
10 culverts, 16 feet, by 1 foot, by 1 foot.
Eepairs have been made where required on the different trails in the District.
The above-mentioned works were carried out prior to the 30th June last.
Mr. John Jane, acting under instructions from the Department, made
exhaustive surveys of a proposed lino of road from the 150-Mile Post, on the Yale-
Cariboo Trunk Eoad, to Soda Creek, via Williams Lake, and a new line of road from
Stanley to Barkerville via Jack of Clubs Lake. Mr. Jane's reports on these routes are
herewith annexed:—
" Quesnellemouth, 28th June, 1878.
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to send you the plans, notes, etc., of the proposed waggon
road via Williams Lake to Soda Creek.
" By the plan you will observe that I commenced my work at a point a little below
the 'Sugar Cane' Farm; my reason for this was that 1 found the valley leading down
from the 150-Mile House, to be somewhat steep and rocky, and not so direct or so well
adapted for a permanent waggon road as the route via 'the Mission.' Should I not hear
from you on this subject, I propose, on my return from Cariboo, to survey both routes,
viz.: from the 150-Mile House to 'Sugar Cane,' and thence southward to the Cariboo
waggon-road, making the junction at or near Felker's ranch.
"The first mile is made to pass Under a rocky bluff, thereby avoiding the present
steep and somewhat dangerous road over the bill.
"Thence to ' Pinchbeck's,'5$ miles; there will be some light work in widening and
improving the grades on the old road, and in making occasional deviations; the ground
is dry and slightly undulating, 298 Report of Public Works. 1878
" At Mr Pinchbeck's, I have run two lines; one passes by his buildings, the other
across the centre of his farm. The latter is tbe shortest by 34 chains, and would be the
cheapiest to build by about $300; but it would intersect and destroy the only good piece
of land there is in the neighbourhood, and put the owner to the expense of building a
new fence on each side of the road for over a mile. Mr. Pinchbeck offers to build a mile
of the road at his own expense, provided it is taken past his house. I am in favour of
the road passing by the buildings without accepting Mr. Pinchbeck's offer.
"From Pinchbeck's down the valley towards Fraser Eiver, for 3f miles to'the
Bluff,' the descent is gradual, probably- 50 feet per mile; the ground is dry and gravelly;
the work will consist of light clearing, grubbing and grading. Near 'the Bluff' there
is a deep dry hollow, and a high bank to be crossed, to be done by means of cutting,
cribbing and filling, as per profile.
" ' The Bluff' The course is direct, and the grades are tolerably easy, the distance
from end to end is 55.63 chains.    Of this—
Can be graded and cribbed  20.63
Mostly rock beneath the surface, hence heavyr cribbing, 12 to 15 feet high 28.00
Broken slide to crib or bridge     2.15
Bluff, surface fractures, but heavy blasting for 3 chains     4.85
Total chains  55.63
"I examined the bluff most thoroughly, and found that I could not go above the
place chosen, on account of a steep, rocky side hill, neither could I go lower down on
account of precipitous slides and chasms, hundreds of feet deep. The ancient deposit
that rests on the face of the bluff is so broken and rent, that it is impossible to get a foundation on it, or to cross it; it is affected by every wind that blows and rain that falls,
and is constantly giving way.
" From the top of the bluff I ran a trial line straight northward for a mile, falling at
1 in 20; this took me across several ravines, one of which would require a bridge of 138 by
36 feet. I next started somewhat differently, and ran the first 34 chains at 1 in 12, this
brought me below the ravine, and did away with the necessity of bridging; the remainder
of the mile (46 chains) was run at 1 in 14$. For the whole of this distance the ground is
dry and regular, and generally open and grassy; towards the foothill there is a thin
growth of fir; the grading will average about 4 or 5 in 18.
" Thence, for four miles, there is a natural road. There are two small bridges to
build, and some light grading, grubbing, clearing, and levelling to be done; the ground is
hard, dry and gravelly.
" On completing the 5th mile from ' the Bluff,' I next examined the Canon at
Whiskey Creek, from its mouth upwards, and found that it was impossible to cross it,
the banks being hundreds of feet high, and broken. I therefore went to the top of the
Canon, where it is crossed by an old Indian trail (latterly improved by the whites), and
ran a trial line southward to ascertain the fall. I then went again to the crossing, and
located a line at 6$ links fall in a chain, or at 1 inl5. The distance down to where I had
left off (end of 5th mile) is 1 mile and 34 chains. There, will be more or less grading for
the whole of this distance, the average cutting will be about 3 or 4 feet in 18 feet. The
ground is generally covered with light fir, but there are stretches of open grass and
cotton-brush without any timber. The slope is dry and gravelly for the whole distance;
near Whiskey Creek the side is steep and will have to be cribbed for about 12 chains.
" The crossing at Whiskey Creek is good, the foundations solid, and the approaches
easy. The total length of bridge is 164 feet, but 50 feet of this distance on the north
side of the stream can be cribbed; this will reduce the length to 114 feet; the height at
south end is 9$ feet, and at the north end 19 feet, centre span 52 feet. There is plenty
of good fir suitable for building purposes, close at hand.
" From Whiskey Creek to Hawk's raach, a distance of two miles—the work is somewhat light—willcoisist of grading, clearing, ditching, gravelling, etc.; no cribbing needed.
" The third mile from Whiskey Creek follows the old road for three quarters of a
mile, the remaining 20 chains falls at 1 in 14, over an open side hill; one small bridge to
build in this portion.
"The 4th mile falls 10 chains at 1 in 14, over an open side hill,then crosses an open field, and then falls again over a bank at 1 in 20, for a quarter of a mile; thence open
woods, and improvement on old road, to within 4 chains of end of mile.
" The descent to Deep Creek is over a very steep side hill, averaging 12 to 13 feet
in 18 feet, for the whole distance; the cribbing will have to be from 6 to 7 feet high.
The ground consists of sandy clay and is easily dug. An old road passes down over
this hill, but it is too steep for heavy freighting. From where the old road commences
to descend I measured southward until I came to where the bank of Fraser is broken—
12 chains; the grade having been thus lengthened, I was enabled to fall at 1 in 11 for the
whole way down to the bridge—46 chains.
The bridge over Deep Creek is a poor structure; it will have to be re-built, raised on
the north end, and lengthened by about 17 feet.
" From Deep Creek there is already a road built to Soda Creek, but it was badly
laid out, and is so steep in places that heavy freight waggons could not pass over it. I
have done away with the whole of these hills, and nry heaviest grade is only 1 in 12, and
even that grade could still be reduced. From the bridge the gravel bar will have to be
cribbed up for about 5 feet in height, for two chains; thence there is some light side hill
grading, and then a steep and lightly timbered gravel bank, 25 chains in length, rising
at 1 in 15; this bank to be cribbed the whole way, average slope 10 to 11 in 18 feet.
This grade avoids two very steep hills on the old road. From the top of this bank I
have followed the old road for some distance; the notes explain where it has to be
widened and improved. At the ' Hogs Back' the old road is altogether too steep, rising
probably at 1 in 8. Here I have laid out a new road for about 27 chains falling at 1 in
12, but this grade can be lightened. This distance is mostly on a lightly7 timbered side
hill, the slope of which is about 3 or 4 in 18; about 15 chains will have to be cribbed on
the lower side.
"From the top of the 'Hog's Back,' the present road is good for half a mile, thence
there will have to be 14 chains of grading made to reach the flat at a reasonable slope.
The old road leaves the side hill too abruptly; thence the road is good for the whole
distance to its junction with the Cariboo Eoad at Soda Creek.
" Mr. Spence intended to have crossed the Canon of Deep Creek at a point about
500 yards above the mill. I have examined the Canon very carefully, and cannot find a
crossing of any sort; the banks are all crumbling and falling away. At the point chosen
by Mr. Spence, both sides of the valley has fallen in; on the north side several acres of
land, trees and all, have sunk bodily down, leaving a high bluff behind.
" From the Bluff northward, I am at a loss to know how Mr. Spence intended to
have made the descent to the Fraser Valley. He left no marks on the top of the hill,
but fell suddenly 200 or 300 feet, as though no hill existed, and then kept on his way up
the valley, blazing as be went. I do not know by whom he was employed, neither can
I understand what this peculiar survey could have been made for; it would have surely
puzzled a contractor, and might have hurt him in a pecuniary way.
" I have a copy of Mr. Mahood's report on this road, but cannot say that it has been
the means of enlightening me on anyr point. Mr. Mahood may have looked at'the
Bluff,' but save that particular point, he does not seem to have made any observations.
He has simply ridden over the country like any cursory traveller might have done. He
has fallen and risen over 500 feet at a time, and still says: ' By the route which I propose, the grade would be nearly level.' Moreover, he speaks as though he had discovered
some new route.    I know of only one way by which the road could be taken.
" One objection to this road is the scarcity of grass, although there appears to be
tolerable good pasturage at present. The extent of grazing land is somewhat limited,
and the bull-teamsters would prefer the old road to the new; on Carpenter's Mountain
the cattle can wallow in grass and pea-vine.
" By next stage I shall proceed to Stanley, and travel with Mr. Johnstone over the
line of road to Barkerville. " I have, etc.
(Signed) " John Jane."
" Quesnellemouth, 25th July, 1878.
" Sir,—I have the honour to enclose the plan and notes of a survey for a waggon
road from Stanley, via Jack of Clubs Lake, to Barkerville; distance, 14 miles. The
notes fully explain, in detail, the nature of the ground and of the work to be done. 300 Report of Public Works. 1878
"The first two miles consist of ordinary grading and forest clearing, with but
little or no cribbing.
■ " The third mile (in the centre of the pass) will be somewhat heavy to build. The
side grading is steep and rocky; twelve chains will have to be cribbed. There are
places covered with large loose rocks, fallen from the mountain side; these spaces will
take a great deal of labour in levelling and putting into proper shape.
"The west side of the valley was chosen on account of its being the most exposed
to the sun; the snow is likely to disappear early on that side in the spring of the year.
" Another reason for my going on that side was to avoid a bluff, 50 to 60 feet in
height, situated on the right bank of the creek, at the outlet of the lake, at the head of
Devil's Canon. With the above altitude added to my grade, I should have experienced
some difficulty in getting a road down through the canon without running into rocks
and precipitous places.
" About sixty chains of the fourth mile consists of heavy grading; a few of the
steepest places must be cribbed, probably six to ten chains in all; ordinary grades can
be walled up if necessary. There are plenty of flat rocks and stones, fit for building
purposes, intermixed with the soil. The canon is composed of rotten blue slate, which
will stand well and make a good road.
" The fifth and sixth miles consist of plain foot-hill grading, without any cribbing.
There are two low bridges needed in this portion, one to cross Burns Creek, the other
to span the Slough Creek and a belt of swamp. The crossing at Burns Creek is fast
filling up with tailings. It would be well to construct an open cribwork here, to rest
on triangular piers, pointing up the stream, so that it could be raised from time to time
by adding logs to the top, according as the tailings might accumulate. The bridge
across Slough Creek will be a low structure—4 to 6 feet high.
"Thence, for the remaining eight miles, there is nothing but plain grading, forest
clearing, ditching, etc., needed for the whole distance, save about four chains at the end
of the Hospital Bridge, Barkerville. The outlet of Jack of Clubs Lake will require a
new bridge and end cribbing, 79 feet long altogether, by 5 feet in height.
" From Lowhee Creek, for two miles and ten chains, the present road is from seven
to ten feet wide; it must be made the full width of 18 feet, and be ditched, drained, and
gravelled where necessary, and made hard; thence to end of the fourteen miles, the
course of the road will be changed. At present it crosses a swamp and passes over
miles of tailings. The new road leaves the flat, and curves round the shoulder of a dry
ridge. The steepest grade in the whole length of the road occurs in Devil's Canon;
for twenty chains the fall there is 1 in 12.
" Mr. Johnstone meant to have passed over a point of hill between Devil's Canon
and Buras Creek, but 1 could not make the ascent out of the canon; a ravine above,
and perpendicular rock below, makes it impossible to build a waggon road there, without
having very steep grades.
" The road, if properly built, will be hard and firm from end to end. My estimate
per mile is less than Mr. Johnstone's figures, but seeing that there will be but little
cribbing to be done, 1 consider that I have made a very liberal estimate.
" Some parties in Cariboo thought of applying for a sleigh road to be built on the
line laid out by me, but this proposal could not be entertained.
" I have two days' work to do in this town—re-surveying, to give the angles of the
principal blocks. I shall then move down to the Australian ^anch ; the proprietors
of that farm wish to have their boundaries defined.
" I have, etc.,
" John Jane.
" P.S.—Miners say that waggons could travel by this route early in May, or as
soon as the feed became good. By Van Winkle the road is usually blocked by snow
until the beginning of July. " J.J." 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 301
Kootenay Electoral District.
The amount set down in the Estimates for the first session of 1878 was $1,000, and
instead of voting half the amount—a course adopted in the case of other Districts,—the
House, taking into consideration the remoteness of the District from the seat of
Government, and the very limited mail communication vouchsafed it by the Postal
Department, passed the full amount.
The Government Agent at Kootenay was instructed, in a letter dated the 15th
April, 1878, to open the following trails, viz.:—
1. From Joseph's Prairie to Perry Creek.
2. From Joseph's Prairie to Palmer's Bar and Government Bar.
3. From Wild Horse Creek to Perry Creek, and up the said Creek.
That gentleman was further instructed to make arrangements with Mr. Phillips, of
the Tobacco Plains, to clear the trail from Wild Horse Creek to the said Plains for a
sum not exceeding $125, and further pointing out to him that the expenditures in the
District were not to exceed in the aggregate the sum of $1,000.
The work included in the above instructions was proceeded with until the 13th
July, when the men employed at that date (2) were notified by the Government Agent
to cease work.
These instructions the two men, Goodridge and McQuade, declined to take any
notice of, and, having continued the work, now claim a considerable sum for wages.
No decision has, as yet, been come to with regard to their claim.
Cassiar Electoral District.
Eoads and Bridges.
On the 21st February last, Mr. Thomas Eobertson, the Cassiar road foreman, was
instructed to proceed, with as little delay as possible, to the Taltan or First North Fork
Bridge, and repair that structure. ,
On the completion of this work, he was to repair the trail to Dease Lake, and then
report himself to the Gold Commissioner for the District, and act under his instructions
in cutting new trails and repairing existing means of eommunication in the vicinity of
the gold mines.
Walker Creek Trail:
This trail was constructed by Mr. Sylvester, and as that gentleman
commenced to collect tolls on the bridges, Mr. Vowell inspected the work and
settled with him for the work performed for the sum of $450.
Works and Buildings.
New Government offices have been erected by contract at Laketon, under the
supervision of the Gold Commissioner, to replace buildings destroyed by fire last Spring.
No definite cause has been assigned for this fire, but as it occurred in very cold
weather, it is supposed to have originated in a defective flue.
The Gold Commissioner's and Stipendiary Magistrate's offices have been completed
in a satisfactory manner by Charles W. Baker : Contract price, $660; extras: woodshed,
office fixings, pigeon holes, etc., $192 75; total, $852 75.
The building, containing the Government lock-up and constable's quarters, has
been ouilt by Alexander Fulton: Contract price, $610; extras, $82 ; total, $692.
Appended are the reports of A. W. Vowell, Esq., Gold Commissioner, on the Walker
Creek trail and the new buildings at Laketon, also a report on general trail work by
the district foreman:
VICTORIA, B. C. " Laketon, Cassiar, 16th July, 1878.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to report for your information, that since writing my
letter of the 17th ultimo, I have visited Walker's and McDame's Creek, and inspected
the trails in that portion of my district. The distance from Sylvester's Landing
(Dease Eiver) to Walker's Creek is about 50 miles, and upon that route a trail has been
cut and graded and bridges built sufficiently good to meet the present requirements of
the travelling public as based upon the apparent importance of the gold fields discovered
in that locality.
"The work done on the trail and bridges is not as substantial, etc., as if it had been
performed under Government supervision, and has, consequently, been much less
expensive. The cost of constructing the trail and bridges, as mentioned above, has
been something over one thousand dollars. The bridges were built by Mr. Sylvester,
i.e., at his expense, this spring, and the trail also made by him, with some assistance in
labour given by miners last autumn.
" Upon my arrival I found that a toll was being collected on the bridges, and as I
considered that the Government would not approve of such an imposition upon the
public, I immediately took them over on behalf of the Government, paying Mr.
Sylvester what I considered he was justly7 entitled to, viz., $450. Had the bridges, etc.,
not been constructed in the early spring, much inconvenience would have been entailed
upon the miners and packers, etc., as it would have been impossible, during high water,
to have got in supplies to Walker's Creek, where there were then assembled some 250
" The amount of tolls collected, owing to partial failure of Creek, was very trifling,
and did not pay for collecting.
" I beg to enclose four vouchers of receipt, and trusting that my action on behalf of
your Department may meet with approval, " I have, etc.,
" A. W. Vowell,
"Assistant Commissioner, Cassiar."
"Cassiar, B. C.
" 15th October, 1878.
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
" Sir,—I have the honour to report for the information of your Department, that in
accordance with instructions received, I have had every economy, compatible with the
absolute requirements of the district, practiced this year in regard to the expenditure
incurred upon trails and public works, etc. ******
" The amount expended upon Government buildings was $1,544 75, whilst that
upon trails, etc., has been $5,600 76—former slightly in excess of vote, latter considerably
under same.
"The contracts having been entered into before I received instructions impressing
upon me the necessity of confining expenditure in connection with buildings, etc., within
the amount voted, I could not avoid the above slight excess, although I did all that
was reasonably7 possible to prevent it. However, as the total amount voted for trails,
etc., and buildings, exceeds the sums so expended, I trust that my action in the matter
may meet with approval.
"The buildings are substantial and well finished, reflecting credit upon the
contractors who, I regret to write, did not make wages while engaged in their construction.
" The contractor for the gaol, Mr. Fulton, 1 believe to have lost money by the
undertaking, as the excitement caused by discovery of Defot Creek, raised the rate of
wages current to nearly double that demanded when contracts were entered into.
"I enclose herewith three vouchers of receipt for the sums of $692, $17 50, and
$852 75, respectively, which, with the vouchers (4) forwarded by me in July last, makes
the total amount due by your Department to this Office for 1878, $2,240 25.
"A draft for same will be acceptable at convenience.
" I have, etc.,
(Signed) " A. W. Vowell.
" S. M., etc., Cassiar." 42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 303
" Victoria, B. C.
"October, 24th, 1878.
" To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
"Sir,—I have the honour to report for your information on the nature of the work
performed on trails, etc., in the Cassiar District during the past summer.
"In the early part of the season the Dease Lake trail was put in good repair, but
owing to fire, for about 30 miles along the trail, a great deal of corduroy was destroyed,
which had to be replaced.
" The local trails of Dease and Thibert Creeks have been put in good repair; the
former having been lengthened to Buck's Gulch, two and a half miles, making the trail
nine miles up from Laketon.
"A good cattle trail has been cut from Laketon to Porter's landing, on mouth of
Thibert Creek, about ten miles, now making a continuous trail around Dease Lake for
thirty miles.
" A 5-foot graded trail has also been constructed up the first North Fork of
McDame's Creek to the summit, about two and a half miles.
" A trail has been explored up the Dease Eiver Valley, from Sylvester's landing to
Thibert Creek, and blazed ; distance about 71 miles. This trail was explored by instructions from the Lands & Works Department, and my estimate of the cost of this trail,
that is to say, brush and cutting the logs out ten feet wide, would cost $1,500.
"A pack trail has also been made from a point about eight miles up Thibert Creek
trail to Defot Creek, fourteen miles.
" In coming out over the Dease Lake trail this fall, it has again been put in thorough
repair, and all the corduroy7 re-covered with dirt.
"I also wish to state for y7our information, as the several works under my superintendence did not necessitate a large party of men at any one time, I found it more
convenient, and I believe, less expensive, in some cases, to pay a higher rate of wages
than heretofore, and let the men find and move themselves, as pack animals were not to
be had, and could not have been utilized to advantage—to hire Indians and feed them, is
much the dearer way.
" In no case has the men's wages come up to the general rate of the district.
" Annexed to my report is a tracing showing the positions of the trails in the
Cassiar District. " I have, etc.,
(Signed) " Thos. Robertson.
" Superintendent of Cassiar Trails."
" Victoria, 23rd January, 1879.
" To the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands & Works.
" Sir,—I would recommend the re-covering of the bridge on the second North Fork
of Stickeen Elver with 2-inch planking, as the corduroy covering at present being very
much w7orn, I would not consider it sale for pack animals during the coming season.
Lumber, 1,820 feet at 10 cents, $182; re-covering, $30; total, $212.
" I would also bring to your notice that it is absolutely necessary to construct a
bridge at a point about 12 miles up Thibert Creek, that being at present the only highway7
into Defot Creek, and during the high water of June and July pack animals could not
cross the stream, as also foot passengers might be put to great inconvenience should the
present crossings be washed away.
" Timber is very7 stunted in this neighbourhood, and Iwould recommend the building
of two " V" piers, each about 20 feet from either bank of the stream, the entire length of
the bridge being about 70 feet.
" If covered with poles, my estimate of said bridge would not exceed  two  hundred
and fifty dollars.
" I have, etc.,
" Thos. Eobertson."
21  42 Vic. Report of Public Works. 305
Detailed  Expenditure.
From 1st January to 30th June, 1878. 306
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Particulars .
General Repairs.
A McLeod, labour	
J P Lewis, cutting fallen timber	
S Jones, board for Nicholson in town	
H Simpson, meal and horse feed *	
J Henderson, me;i!s	
II Wain, meals ;tnd bed	
H Simpson, repairs to culvert near Henderson's	
Do.        repairs to roads and clearing fallen timber	
W H Snider, team hire and board for men	
J Goyette, labour, filling holes, &c	
[1 Hewitt,       do. do ,	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
G Stelly, team hire    ,	
W H Williams, repairs to cribbing, Saanich Road	
HWain, horse feed, board, <fcc 	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
D Heal, cutting tree from road	
J Hamilton, repairs to bridge, Saanich Road	
H Simpson, repairs to Saanich Road, new culvert	
G Thomas, butter	
W H "Williams, clearing fallen timber	
H Simpson, meals, beds, &c ,	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
G Francis, buggy hire for Surveyor-General and road superintendent..
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
J Sluggett, chopping out road to Greig'e	
Do.        clearing out fallen timber	
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
R Shiel, labour on Saanich Lake bridge	
S Cooness, hauling lumber for   rtn ,
G Thomas, cutting out fallen timber	
Burnside Road.
Pay sheet, labour, etc	
W Tierney, superintendence..
C Ball, blacksmithing	
W P Sayward, lumber	
Extension, East Saanich Road.
Pay sheets, labour, etc..
CKyan, blacksmithing ..
East Saanich Mill Road.
E Marvin, tools	
0 Lawson, buggy hire for Nicholson.
J Boyd, labour ■
Cross Road, Cedar Hill Road to Saanich Road.
G Nicholson, team hire	
Thos DeaBy, labour	
W Burnes. labour 	
Pay sheets, labour, etc	
W H Snider, on account of salary	
Pay sheets, labour, etc	
N Leclaire, team hire	
W H Snider, on account of salary ,
Ah You, wages as cook	
SL Kelly, cooking utensils 	
G Nicholson, team hire	
G W Anderson, provisions	
H Saunders, groceries —	
W H Snider, on account of salary	
Pay sheet, wages	
G Nicholson, team hire	
Pay sheet, labour	
vjcKenzie and Neston, blacksmithing	
W II Snider, in full, salary as superintendent..
H Young, meal :	
— Gamier, meals	
WP Sayward, lumber	
Cadboro Bay Road.
N Leclaire, team hire .
Pay sheet, labour	
Total Victoria District Roads.., ,	
18 00
5 00
0 50
1 00
1 00
2 50
5 00
28 50
30 00
7 50
4 50
100 00
12 00
7 50
2 50
42 50
2 50
5 00
S3 50
6 65
5 00
1 50
30 00
25 00
5 25
22 00
8 00
3 50
1 00
1 50
10 00
28 00
47 50
3 00
4 32
486 48
2 50
27 75
5 00
22 00
38 50
1 50
11 25
96 25
20 00
42 00
33 00
20 00
23 00
16 87
104 50
46 93
20 00
132 77
90 00
260 74
14 50
238 25
2 00
4 00
8 00
437 40
82 82
54 75
1,304 51
12 00
2,380 46 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure. Graving Dock, Esquimalt, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
February   4
March 4
April 2
W Bennett, salary as Resident Engineer, January 	
Northern Assurance Company, insurance on machinery	
Reed Bros. & Co,, instalment on cofferdam contract	
Western Union Telegraph Co., message to London 	
W Bennett, salary, February	
Do. March  	
Reed Bros. & Co., instalment on cofferdam contract	
W Selleck, store rent, 3 months	
W Bennett, salary, April  	
W Selleck, rent of store, April	
Scottish Commercial Insurance Co., insurance on machinery 	
Phoenix Fire do. do. 	
Northern Assurance Co., do. 	
Reed Bros. & Co., instalment on cofferdam contract!	
North British & Mercantile Insurance Co.} insurance on machinery..
W Bennett, salary, May	
W Selleck, rent of store, May   	
Northern Assurance Co., insurance on machinery	
W Bennett, salary, June..	
Total .
$ 182 25
80 00
2,900 15
19 80
182 25
182 25
4,165 81
240 00
182 25
80 00
175 00
175 00
87 50
2,563 31
175 00
182 25
80 00
50 00
182 25
11,885 07
Detailed Expenditure, Esquimalt District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
General Repairs.
A McLeod, Inborn*	
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
J O'Brian, cutting tree from Golquitz River Brid
Thos Maltby, removing old corduroy,  etc	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
W Allatt, repairs to Craigflower bridge	
J VY Williams, buggy hire	
J Mull, clearing fallen timber	
J Nicholson, proportion of salary	
Mrs Calvert, repairs to culvert	
G Francis, buygy hire	
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
.1 G Winter,   carriage hire	
W G Bowman,        do.
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
R Shiel, labour on bridge at Point Ellice	
SCooness, cartage of lumber	
's Point to Vine's.
R Graham, meals, etc.....	
H Helgesen,    do.	
J Parker, do	
Do. do.        and fare..
Gorge Road and Bridge.
Pay sheets, labour on road	
W Tierney, superintendence	
Mrs Calvert, team hire	
Pay sheet, labour on bridge	
M Dodd, board for Nicholson's party	
S Jones, board for Nicholson	
J Spratt, bolts and nuts, repairs to screw-jack..
W P Sayward, lumber for bridge ,	
J D Johnson, hire of cart 	
W A Franklin,       do	
S Harding, axe handle	
Mrs Calvert, board 	
Soolce Road.
Mrs Calvert, meals for Nicholson ,	
M Muir, meals and clearing fallen timber....
G W Anderson, groceries and provisions	
Spratt & co., blacksmithing ;..
P Poison, wages  	
A Lawrence, butter	
Pay sheet, labour	
Mrs Calvert, team hire	
Metchosin Road.
Mrs Calvert, team hire..
Pay sheet labour	
Total Esquimau District roads..
2 00
9 50
100 00
8 00
30 00
42 50
6 75
6 50
4 00
30 00
5 00
15 00
5 25
5 00
3 50
3 50
1 50
a 00
5 00
28 00
47 50
21 <)0
52 00
11 00
5 25
14 43
10 77
1 00
2 00
1 00
31 00
69 62
3 00
6 16
9 20
409 98
83 87
6 50
89 75
278 00
12 00
193 95
613 83
95 25
1,193 03 308
Eeport op Public "Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Cowichan District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
March      15
February 22
May lo
May 31
Cowichan Wharf.
Pay sheet, labour.....	
J Lemon, rafting lumber	
Indian Joe, sawing plank for slip	
W Richardson, hauling piles	
McPherson Bros.,       do	
Thomas Goudy, hauling pile-driver.	
J Spratt, fare steamer " Fly," Nicholson's party
J Kinnear, board for Nicholson's party	
James Dougan, labour 	
S Jones, board lor Nicholson in town	
J Nicholson, proportion salary	
Hudson Bay Co., manilla rope	
W P Sayward, lumber  	
J Spratt, use of jackscrews, &c	
Love's Cross Road.
A Blyth, contract for repairs..,
Mayne Island Wharf.
J A Mahood, plana and specifications	
W Smithe, services locating site, &c	
General Repairs.
D Evans, salary Superintendent	
J Kinnear, meal for Nicholson	
A Todd, do. do	
J Dougan,      do. do	
H White, bods andmealB for Nicholson	
Indian Joseph, clearing driftwood	
R Hopkins, clearing trees ,	
Pay aheet, labour sundry roads	
E Grancini, tools	
E B Marvin,tents	
H Simpson meals for Nicholson  	
J Nicholson, salary  	
J Kinnear, procuring signatures to contracts .	
J Dougan staking out road	
Steamer ' ■ Fly," fares   	
S Handy, repairs to bridge, Mill Bay road	
Thain's Road to Bougan's.
J Dougan, contract for repairs	
Cowichan-Nanaimo Road.
J Brenton, clearing road	
Flats to KoJcesailah Bridge.
RMcLay, contract for repairs Arrears 1877
Total Cowichan District	
122 97
4 00
10 00
10 00
6 00
38 00
72 20
32 50
3 00
50 00
22 00
18 02
12 75
23 08
32 00
75 00
2 00
1 00
13 00
2 00
10 00
58 00
13 50
27 50
1 50
40 00
10 00
8 75
4 50
2 50
402 19
25 00
55 08
269 75
50 00
200 00
1,093 02
Detailed Expenditure, Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Eoad, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
February   8
April 23
May 13
June 1
J Charley, provisions for Evans' Party	
J Jones,labour	
D Evans, salary as Superintendent	
Steamer <( Maude," fare J Jane	
G B Odano, provisions	
W Copley, labour	
R White, board, lodging and buggy hire	
G Stelly, passage from Victoria to Saanich..
Indian Sam, canoe hire from Saanich	
E Marriner, hauling provisions and tools	
J Love, labour 	
J Dougan labour	
J Parker, meat	
Steamer " Fly,"freight	
G B Odano, provisions	
E Marriner, team hire 	
W Richardson, labour	
Steamer " Fly," passage J Nicholson	
R White, meals	
Pay sheet, labour...!.	
J Skinner, storage tools	
J Ball, butter	
J Henderson, meal	
Steamer " Fly," passage	
R White, board, lodging and horse-hire	
Indian Jim, canoe hire	
Pay sheets, labour	
Do. do	
Do. do	
J Fletcher, blacksmithing , ....
E Marriner, team hire ,...,..;	
Total Trunk road..
15 32
30 80
76 43
9 00
113 42
5 00
1 25
2 25
15 00
15 30
10 71
49 98
4 75
183 94
10 00
40 00
4 50
7 00
612 91
3 00
35 80
2 25
5 00
2 50
76 94
27 34
18 48
3 50
27 50
1,42181 42 Vic.
Eeport op Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Nanaimo District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Cedar District.
JCaufield, chaining...,
R George, surveying..
Nanaimo-Comox Road.
J Hobart, repairs ,
J Harvey, provisions ,
Gabriola Island Wharf.
Steamer " Maud," fares, Mahood	
J Jenkins, meals, do	
W Hoggan, boatman  	
P Papley, axeman	
J Thompson   do  .
C H Robinson, beef and bacon	
J H Pleace, cod-line and cord	
J Hirst provisions	
J Holden, sounding-lead	
J A Mahood, plans and specifications .
J A McLellan, contract in full	
General Repairs.
J J Russell, carriage hire	
G Winter do	
Louis Stark, clearing fallen timber ,
W McFarlane, labour	
WBonell, moving camp	
JGanner, hauling lumber	
C Carpenter, lumber 	
T Glabolm, hauling	
ASFarwell, personal allowance	
J Clendenning, salary	
C HRobinson, beef	
Nanaimo-Cowichan Road.
T L Fawcett's Vouchers.
Indian Billy, canoe hire	
J Carne, labour	
Indian Johnny, messenger 	
J Harvey, provisions	
W Parkin,       do	
J Abrams, bacon and canoehire	
J Clendenning, salary as Superintendent	
Pay sheet, labour	
J H Pleace, tools	
D Baker, beef.	
S Brightman, beef	
J Jenkins, board  -	
E Pimbury, stationery 	
J Holden, blacksmithing      	
P Sabiston, board	
York & Gordon, meat	
Total Nanaimo District..
17 50
35 00
3 00
10 00
4 00
9 00
5 00
5 00
2 00
1 50
6 00
69 24
684 00
2 50
2 50
9 00
7 70
4 00
6 50
3 00
15 25
10 00
80 00
1 03
3 75
36 19
1 25
185 81
67 42
5 00
213 33
429 36
5 60
32 04
24 48
1 50
1 13
6 00
1 50
42 30
52 50
13 00
795 74
1,056 66
2,059 38
Detailed Expenditure, Comox District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Comox  Wharf.
R Swan, repairs	
W R Clarke, carpenters, wharf. ,
J Fitzpatrick, board 	
Pay sheets, labour 	
J McPhee, hire of oxen	
WRobb, do ,
Indians, canoehire and labour 	
J E Jenkins, board for Nicholson	
J Hirst, storage tools ,
A Cooness, hauling lumber	
J Rodello, spikes	
T Barry, drayage pile driver	
S Jones, hoard for Nicholson in town	
P McQuade, hook and thimble	
J Nicholson, proportion salary	
Steamer '' Maude," fares, freight, &c	
J Spratt, use of grindstone	
W P Sayward, lumber ,	
Carried forward, 310
Report oe Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Comox District Eoads.—Concluded.
Brought forward..
Pidcock & Guillod, lumber 	
J Nicholson, salary	
Steamer '' Pilot," freight on pile-driver,
General Repairs.
McPhee, cutting out fallen timber, section G	
T Beckensall, do. do.    Point Holmes Road..
T Piercy, do. do. do.
J H Piercy, do. do.   section A:	
T Piercy, repairs bridge, section E	
P Smith, "wages Point Holmes Road	
Demnan Island.
C McCutcheon, building bridge .
465 88
65 16
15 00
58 50
2 10
7 35
2 50
4 20
6 30
Total Comox District..
604 54
30 25
130 00
764 79
Detailed Expenditure, New "Westminster District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
New Westminster and Hope Road, General Repairs.
nson's Touchers, steamer Reliance, freight	
,, DW Miller, tools, etc	
,, Thos Greenham, labour	
,, W Clarke, labour   ...
,, J Cotton, labour '.
,, S W Barnes, teamster	
., W Clarke, labour   ..
,, Thos. Greenham, labour	
,, do. do	
,, W Sweetman, clearing timber from Luckakuk bridge..
,, J. Slaven, repairs	
Coast Meridian Road.
E Dickinson's voucher—R Dickinson, meat ;.
False Creek Bridge
E Dickinson's voucher—ThosCudlip, repairs 	
Hastings- Granville Road.
E Dickinson's voucher—Thos Cudlip, clearing fallen timber 	
Ladner's to Langley.
E Dickinson's vouchers—A Hnck, labour	
,,                ,,            M O'Brien, cutting ditch and clearing logs .
,, ,, Pay sheets, labour	
Burrard Inlet Road.
E Dickinson's vouchers—L Carpenter and others, clearing fallen timber..
,, ,, M kelson, labour	
,, ,, L Carpenter, repairs, bridges 	
General Repairs, District.
E Dickinson's vouchors—L F Bonson, salary, 3 months	
,, ,, RAVDeane, wheelbarrows and shovels..
,, ,, Steamer Enterprise, freight	
,, ,, W Blackie, blacksmithing	
,, ,, S Barnes, teamster	
,, ,, II Kills, clearing fallen timber	
,, ,, L F Bonson, salary, April	
,, ,, G Winter, buggy hire	
,, ,, R W Deane, tools	
,, ,, J Robinson, clearing timber	
,, ,, Steamer Ada,, passages and freight	
,, ,, H Holbrook, ground barley	
,, ,, J McMurphy, ferriage	
W A Franklin, drayage, Surveyor-General's baggage	
E Dickinson's vouchers—J W Hovvison, oats	
,, ,, W Blackie, tools for chain-gang	
,, ,, J Todd, hay (provender) 	
.. ,, J C Todd, horse hire	
Carried forward..
1 00
17 12
160 00
30 00
10 00
60 00
65 00
52 50
15 00
35 00
11 87
3 75
90 73
272 87
10 25
2 50
6 00
300 00
17 50
4 50
24 64
220 00
8 75
100 00
2 50
40 50
8 75
10 50
4 12
7 75
2 25
78 56
52 8«
32 50
914 12
457 49
44 88
50 00
18 00
367 35
24 75
962 47 42 Vic.
Eeport of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, !New Westminster District .Roads.—Concluded.
April        29
Brought forward..
L F Bonson, salary	
AMcPhaul, ferriage .	
W J Armstrong, lumber	
J Gray, repairs, bridge	
A S Farwell, travelling allowance...
L F Bonson, salary	
HW Bonson, drayage	
T McCutcheon, meals	
H Elliott, team hire	
AMcPhaul, ferriage	
C G Major, tools, axle grease, etc..
North-East Road.
C McMillan, labour	
J Hall, labour	
W Hayman, chaining	
A McLeod, do	
J Scott, jr., clearing road..
G Brown, do.
JT Scott, labour	
J Scott, jr., labour ..... ...
Section 4, New Westminster and Hope Road.
J Mcintosh, award of arbitrators	
Thos Earle, fee arbitrator (half)	
CW R Thomson, fee umpire do	
E Marvin, fee arbitrator       do	
LF Bonson, travelling allowance, witness .
G Turner, do. do.
Total New "Westminster District Roads.,
914 12
120 00
4 75
15 16
2 50
10 00
120 00
2 75
5 50
4 00
3 50
41 25
25 00
2 50
2 50
2 50
7 50
11 25
10 00
2 50
2,645 00
37 50
37 50
37 50
30 00
9 00
962 47
1,243 53
63 75
2,796 50
5,066 25
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad, Yale to Cariboo, 1st January to 30fch June, 1878.
April        23
May 7
June        11
Section 3.
Wm Saul, horse	
P C Dunlevy, labour on bridges ..
J McCully, blacksmithing	
WB Withers, labour	
J Geske, dump-cart and harness..
G Keatley, clearing road	
G Kunyou, labour	
J Pickley, labour	
J Hamilton, clearing road	
AMcLeese, hay and grain ,
Pay sheets, labour	
do. do	
do. do,	
do. do	
G Murray, labour	
RMcLeese, hay	
P C Dunlevy, provender, tinware, etc .
J Reed, tools, tinware, harness, etc....
GCates, axeman 	
Downes & Co., horse hire	
Fletcher & Co., glue	
Pay sheet, labour	
J Stone, telegrams	
J Green, second-hand waggon ,
Section 5,
JE Nelson, work-horse...,
Pay sheet, labour	
H Moffat, hauling	
W A Johnson, horse hire.
Pay sheet, labour	
do.    do	
do,    do	
do.    do	
do.    do	
Carried forward..
200 00
15 00
10 00
112 50
150 00
1 50
7 00
87 00
16 25
27 03
787 28
254 37
169 00
78 00
15 00
39 12
67 19
83 80
58 50
51 25
2 50
277 20
11 25
60 00
200 00
780 25
8 00
27 00
534 50
84 00
199 75
43 20
15 00
1,891 70
627 18
1,954 46
2,581 64 312
Eeport op Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Trunk Eoad, Tale to Cariboo.—Concluded,
May 10
June 18
Pay sheet, labour	
R Pacey, hay and oats...
R Anderson,  guide	
J Boyd, hay ,
J Reid, tools ...
3 Evans, labour	
A Carson, blacksmithing
G Cates, axeman	
Pay sheet, labour	
E Ogden, repairs	
J Girod, shovel	
J Reid, wheelbarrows	
Pay sheet, labour	
Brought forward..
Black's Section, No. 1.
Pay sheets, labour	
do. do	
do. do	
do. do	
L Pardo, labour	
C Dolatree, carrots	
J C Brown, posters	
Jno George, labour	
Pay sheet, labour	
do. do	
Thos Mitchell, repairs, weigh bridge	
Hudson Bay Company, wheelbarrows, etc..
Barnard &Co., hay and oats	
do. do	
do. do	
WL Alexander, hay	
PFink, hay	
Oppenheimer & Co., provisions	
Stevenson's Section, No. 2.
P Moren, hay	
E Fie, barley	
JDowling, provender	
Mrs. Marshall, provender.,
Indian, Jim, labour	
J T Jones, horse feed	
H Randall,      do	
J T Reid, repairs to sulky
Pay sheet, labour	
McKay & Co., horse feed	
H B Dart, hay	
WTruline, carrots	
F J Barnard & Co., provender	
Indian, Charley, labour	
A Stevenson, horse hire	
Barnes & Co., freight	
J Murray, tools	
Mrs. Marshall, hay	
J A Newland, horse feed	
E E Bligh, blacksmithing	
J Mclntyre, tools	
J Boucherat, tools •..
S M Nelson <fe Co., hay and grain.,
H Blackford, blacksmithing	
J McKay, horse feed	
Pay sheets, labour	
do. do	
do. do	
Total, Trunk Road..
1,891 70
143 50
54 06
2 50
88 15
58 50
4 00
111 61
42 00
886 65
20 00
2 00
21 12
712 00
765 36
670 47
947 80
79 35
14 79
5 00
2 50
5 00
112 98
309 70
20 00
19 50
68 43
97 90
118 34
25 62
108 77
165 74
14 62
97 68
16 12
1 50
30 00
3 75
1 50
18 00
159 00
498 00
381 16
470 34
567 30
301 00
52 14
106 00
35 07
9 74
20 12
25 00
00 00
20 00
50 71
1 50
0 00
36 00
91 84
5 00
28 50
53 50
37 50
SO 00
891 00
569 00
2,581 64
4,037 79
3,537 25
4,703 59
14,860 27 42 Vio.
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Tale District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Beadman's Creek j
S McDonald, freight on bolts	
Coldstream Valley Road.
V Dutcan, constructing waggon road	
Pay sheet, labour	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions .
C Galloway, bacon	
II Hunter,    do	
Pay sheet, labour	
Allison & Hays, provisions ...
W Yates, do,
B Price, beans and rope	
Pay sheets,  labour	
Hudson Bay Co., provisions .
Indian Tom, labour	
W Nelson, bacon   	
Pay sheet, labour,	
J G Wirth, provisions	
J Phillips, labour	
Pay sheet, labour..	
ii G Wirth, provisions	
E E Bligh, blacksmithing
A Coutlee, horse feed	
W Voight, team hire 	
Jno Jack, labour	
Pay sheets, labour	
Do. do	
J G Wirth, provisions	
Particulars .
Similkameen Trail.
Hope-Nicola Trail.
Section 5, Neiv Westminster-Hope Road.
Pay sheet, labour	
R Ryder, repairs to bridge
Kamloops-Nicola Road, Section 1.
G Newlove, labour	
Kamloops-Nicola Road, Section '
D A McDonald, instalment on contract	
Cache Creek and Savona's Ferry.
A McKinnon, harness	
Uren & Co., meals and bed .
Mara & Wilson, axle grease .
J T Jones, meals and beds....
D Fraser, horse feed	
Pay sheet, labour..	
Mission Creek Bridge.
J D Birmingham, instalment on contract..
Do. balance do.
Do.               extra length of bridging.
C A Vernon, commission on contract	
Savona's Ferry to Okanagan.
P McPhadden, hauling timber	
Hudson Bay Cjj., lumber and nails .
J Peterson, man and team	
J Headland, labour	
J Roper, meal and horse feed	
J Birmingham, repairs to culvert....
D Fraser, horse feed	
Pay sheet, labour	
J Duck, team hire and meals	
J Pringle, meals	
Mission Valley to Penticton.
II Hay burn, clearing out road 	
Spellamacheen Road.
Duck & Pringle, meals .
J Pringle, meals and horse feed..
J Jacko, chaining	
General Repairs.
F J Barnard & Co., freight on parcels	
Total Yale District.,
155 00
19 47
5 75
7 70
153 75
17 10
16 84
4 75
147 50
9 55
7 50
13 25
77 50
25 10
60 00
92 50
19 02
10 50
4 25
14 00
18 50
492 00
57 50
4 63
16 14
15 00
9 50
9 00
4 00
40 00
106 82
1,000 00
730 00
350 00
52 00
1 00
7 87
5 00
36 00
1 00
20 00
32 50
29 77
8 00
2 00
3 50
4 00
2 50
10 42
75 00
537 41
896 25
31 14
5 77
1,500 00
170 07
2,132 00
103 14
50 00
10 00
i ia so
5,533 70 314
Report of Pubijc Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Lillooet District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Howe Sound Trail.
1) Carey, labour	
Cole & Carey, provisions	
J Hall, labour	
B H Wilson, board and horse hire for Mahood .,
Big Bar to Fraser River.
P Grinder, grading road..
Clinton-Lillooet Road.
J R Tait, cutting timber	
C O'Halloran, clearing road	
B R Bullard, repairs to road	
J Patterson, do.
W Keatley, repairs to bridge	
General Repairs.
W R Lewis, bed and meal 	
Steamer Enterprise, fare, meal, etc	
Do;     Reliance, do.	
H B Dart, meals and bed	
L Hautier, meal	
S M Nelson, meal	
J T Jones,     do	
J Foster, provisions for J Jane	
E B Marvin, tents       do. 	
Indian Pupacaca, packer, etc ;...
Do.   Frank, chainman	
W Keatley, waggon hire	
Mrs Marshall, board, etc	
W A Franklin, carriage of instruments	
Thos Saul, packing and waggon hire	
J Haller, board and horse hire	
P 0 Charlebois, chaining	
Oppenheimer, provisions and tinware  	
Indian Louis, labour   	
Do.   Quatalsht, packing   	
Do.   King George,   do	
Barnard & Co., passage of J Jane, freight, etc., of parcels
G Hamilton, tinware 	
Indian Joe, pack-horse hire	
Lillooet-LytUm Trail.
Pay sheet, labour	
Total Lillooet District..
54 85
90 00
17 00
12 00
15 00
27 25
5 00
1 50
3 75
8 50
3 00
2 50
56 25
24 00
16 00
20 00
5 00
1 50
7 75
17 00
13 00
27 02
4 50
16 00
22 00
79 25
10 00
2 00
225 21
275 00
77 25
353 52
51 00
981 98
Detailed Expenditure, Cariboo District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
June 29
June 29
Barkerville to Stanley, Sleigh Road.
R Graham, instalment on contract..
Do.       balance do.
Beaver Lake to Keithley Creek.
Ah "Voey, labour ,	
Quesnelle Bridge.
D ¥ Adams, material used in construction of bridge	
J J Robertson, allowance attending as witness on arbitration .
Williams Lake to Soda Creek Road.
Pinchbeck &.Co., provisions	
Indian Jim, labour and chaining	
Downes & Co., meals, etc	
R McLeese, provisions	
G Hamilton,   do	
ACastleman, labour, tools
Lowliee Trail.
Mosquito Creek Trail.
A Monro, labour.
Carnarvon Road.
Devlin & Co., rope ,
C P O'Neill, blacksmithing	
Hudson Bay Company, shove'.s and nails	
Mason & Daly, horse feed 	
A Monro, team hire	
C Paulson, axes	
Pay sheet, labour	
Total Cariboo District..
162 50
162 50
622 75
225 00
16 14
86 00
3 50
40 36
19 15
2 80
28 00
15 00
16 00
10 50
12 00
707 63
325 00
21 00
847 75
165 15
45 50
28 12
791 93
2,224 45 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Cassiar District Eoads, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Bease Lake Trail, d)c
H Saunders, provisions for Robertson's party	
G C Keays, tinware fo: do. 	
JHeywood, bacon for do.	
EGrancin', tools for do.
Steamer Oiter, fare and fre'ght 	
P McQuade, rope,  etc -.	
EB Marvin, tents   	
P Smiley, labour and provisions  	
do.      H Sneppard, labour	
Indian, Jim, packer	
L Ward, horse hire and hay	
Indian, Bill, packing   	
Indian, Charley, sleighing freight ,
Indian, Latoose, canoe hire ,	
W J Stephens, tinware	
Jules Barliott, board	
Hayward & Jenkinson, box	
J C Dennis, custom house storage	
Indian, Charley, labour	
J Moore, labour	
M Cassey, wages, cook	
W P Wiison, provisions	
H Sheppard, sleighing,  etc.,	
M Caseey. cook,  wages	
J B Lovell, provisions	
J R Hosk'tngs, horse	
C Ball, bo'ts and nurs  ..
W Humphreys, building bridge,  Upper McDames Creek.
P Revnolds, meat	
Callbraith & Cook, provisions .;	
J R Hocking, provisions	
IguatioSauches, labour	
WCPullen, do	
J Chaplin, do	
J B Lovell, provisions	
D Brtly, board for Itober son 	
W P Wi'son, labour and board	
M Moss, board	
M Cassey, chopper  	
Desormir & Co., meals	
R Waich, repairs corduroy, and choppiiig	
R Hughes,
J A Garti:uer,
P Kereloff,
E T Riley,
A Johnson,
R McDermott,
J McKenzie, ferriage	
Clarihue & Carson, meals	
J. McGiilis, meals	
P II Turk, repairs	
J 0 Moore, repairs to Glenora and Telegranh trail..
Total Cassiar District..
1,760 25
Detailed Expenditure, Kootenay District Eoads, 1st, January to 30th June, 1878.
Quartz Creek Trail.
18 00
Fencing Burial Ground.
85 00
103 00
23 316
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
Eli Harrison, glazing	
Thos Storey, preparing roller blinds for green house, trellis work, gate posts, Ac.
W P Sayward, lumber	
J Teague, estimate for repairs	
Stewart & Braden, repairs to force pump, fixing soil-pipe, new pan, etc	
D Leneveu, lime	
Government House, Victoria.
Mrs Lawrance, water, January	
do. do.       February and March..
do. do,        April	
do. do	
P Murphy, water cask	
Stewart & Braden, lamp chimneys..
S L Kelly, pail, egg beater, etc	
Fuel and Light.
H Gaston, coal	
do.       do	
do.       do	
do.       do	
Engelhardt & Co., coal	
Hudson Bay Co., coal oil..
H Gaston, coal 	
do.      do	
Inland Revenue, duty on tobacco leaves..
M Wells, hauling	
J Barry, drayage of tobacco	
M Wells, hauling'	
G Jay & Co., fruit trees	
E Marvin, tools for chain-gang	
J H King, manure	
Repairs to Government Buildings, Victoria.
House of Assembly.
C E Bunting, cutting out ventilators, fitting sash door, painting, &c., wire cloth
E Harrison, glazing, etc	
E Grancini, lock	
C Ball, hooks, staples, and curtain rod	
J McDowell, sundry repairs  ■ ••■
Provincial Secretary's Office.
E Harrison, glazing	
A Vipond, keys for office desk..
E B Marvin, set of halliards ..
E Grancini, locks	
Supreme Court.
Stewart, Braden & Co., gas-fittings, fixtures, piping, etc..
Thos Storey, building coal sheds	
Eli Harrison, glazing, etc	
Registrar's Office.
A Vipond, key for desk	
General Repairs.
J Teague, estimate for repairs generally	
Land Office.
3 McDowell, repairs to verandah)!..
Stewart k Braden, gas shade and repairs	
W A Franklin, carriage of sundries	
J Randolph, cleaning offices, windows, etc.,
County Court.
Eli Harrison, glazing, etc .
Victoria Gaol.
Kinsman & Styles, bricklaying	
E Mallandaine, estimate and plans for naval lock-up .
Carried forward,,
11 38
150 24
11 14
10 00
33 50
18 00
8 00
19 00
46 00
10 00
2 25
6 00
4 00
28 50
57 00
52 50
97 50
49 00
73 25
35 00
28 50
8 00
12 00
30 00
9 00
14 25
97 00
109 09
18 37
1 00
2 50
6 50
1 75
1 50
2 50
2 00
37 82
22 75
30 55
57 75
5 63
1 00
7 00
47 87
16 00
234 28
85 25
10 00
171 00
137 46
7 75
91 12
10 00
71 38
5 25
1,309 34 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.—Continued.
y s
I 22
1,309 34
Repairs to Government Buildings, Victoria—Concluded.
Messenger's Quarters.
38 75
32 64
32 50
High School.
103 89
Sheriff's Office.
Repairs to Government Buildinss, New Westminster.
Government Agent's Office.
3 75
2 00
Court House.
5 75
5 54
2 00
2 43
Court House, Granville.
9 97
25 00
Repairs to Government Buildings, Nanaimo.
35 50
2 25
24 00
3 75
7 87
Repairs to Government Buildings, Yale.
98 59
5 00
3 87
Gaol, Kamloops.
8 87
5 00
9 00
1 50
5 14
Repairs to Government Buildings, Cariboo.
41 00
5 00
14 00
87 50
21 76
Furniture, Government Offices.
Land Office.
153 75
2 50
Printing Office.
2 50
3 25
5 75
1.758 42 318
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.—Continued,
March       15
Brought forward	
Furniture, Government Offices.—Concluded.
Legislative Assembly Room.
CE Bunting, repairs to and cleaning furniture, taking up carpets,  etc..
do. repairs to furniture	
J Weiler, matting, linoleum, etc.	
L Kelly, piping, tin conductor, elbow, cleaning ventilator, etc	
J Selil, green rep for chair covers	
Pah -icola s.
Provincial Secretary's Office.
S h Kelly, tinware	
Attorney- General's   Office.
0 B Bunting, cleaning furniture, repairs, etc	
Supreme Court.
SL Kelly, coal scuttles, etc	
Government Offices, Cariboo.
3 Bibby, stove piping	
C P O'Neill, repairs stove.
Government Offices, Nanaimo.
E W Stirtan, table legs	
W Earl, knobs for drawers .
Lunatic Asylum, New Westminster.
Repairs, etc.
C E Woods, chainmau, running line for water pipes	
Indian, Jim, axeman	
J Teague, on account commission for plans of alterations	
J Kennedy, services superintending construction of fe :ce	
J Reynolds, watchman, salary :	
J Teague, on account commission for plans and specifications..,
J Cunningham, pump	
H Hoy, repairs, carpentering	
W Blackie, ironwork	
Indian, Bill, and others, labour	
J Teague, on account commission	
J Reynolds, taking charge ,	
II Hoy, furniture..
J Lord,       ,,
Improvement Government Reserve.
M Wells, hauling gravel.
G Jay & Co., pruning tools and grass seed .
W P Sayward, lumber      	
E Marvin, tools for chain gang	
A Vipond, repairing lawn mower	
February   4
March       15
Insurance, Government Buildings.
ance Co., insurance Government House stables..
Imperial Insur
Phoenix do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
Imperial do. do.
Royal do. do.
do. do. do.
Imperial do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
do. do. do.
North British & Mercantile do.
Lake school house..
North Cowichan school house..
North Saanich ,,
Metchosin ,,
Cedar Hill
Victoria District ,,
Comox ,,
Chilliwhack ,,
South Cowichan ,,
Burgoyne Bay ,,
Burrard Inlet ,,
Gabriola Island ,,
Salt Spring Island ,,
Sumass ,,
Cedar District ,,
Carried forward..
114 00
10 50
175 16
32 50
18 37
110 00
6 00
1 50
7 50
3 75
100 00
200 00
240 00
300 00
12 40
80 25
50 00
10 50
56 10
60 00
433 00
371 50
137 00
36 00
24 00
57 00
51 94
14 22
4 50
43 75
7 00
7 00
7 00
8 75
15 75
12 50
7 00
8 75
7 00
3 50
5 25
10 50
5 25
5 25
7 00
14 00
1,758 42
350 53
2 50
14 00
18 50
116 00
2 50
1,120 50
941 50
175 25
187 66
4,512 U 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure, Works and Buildings.— Concluded.
May 17
Jtme        22
June 22
May 3
June 20
Particulars .
Brought forward..
Insurance Government Buildings.-
Phoenix Insurance Co., insurance, Barkerville school house	
Imperial do. do.       8coke ,, 	
Phcenix do. do.       Craigflower ., 	
do. do. do.       High School, Victoria	
Northern Assurance do.        Court House, New Westminster	
Lock-TJp, Okanagan.
J A Mahood, preparing plans and specifications	
Repairs, Royal Columeia Hospital, New Westminster.
J Gray, carpenter work ,	
A Richardson,    do	
H Hoy, lumber and labour	
W J Armstrong, lumber	
Edwards & Digby, repairs to chimney	
F McWilliams, cutting drains	
Thos Rayen, repaii-s	
H Elliott, team hire	
Wing to Royal Hospital, Victoria.
E Mallandaine, making tracings and specifications	
New ScnooL, Nanaimo.
Steamer Maude, fare Surveyor-General and Architect	
Steamer Fly, tare Architect ,	
J J Jenkins, board, etc., Mr. Mallandaine	
E Mallandaine, copying specifications, and time at Nanaimo	
Total Works and Buildings..
175 25
9 63
11 25
17 50
125 00
45 00
75 25
87 50
38 50
84 70
10 50
50 00
43 75
14 50
8 50
5 00
37 50
4,512 11
383 63
40 39
400 00
65 50
5,412 I 320
Report op Public "Works.
During the Year 1878.
Nature of Work.
Victoria City.
Addition to Royal Hospital.
McKillican & Elford....
J McDowell	
M Baker	
G Simpson	
Hayward & Jenkinson.
Supplying coal  and wood to  Government
Buildings, James Bay	
Cowichan District.
Mayne Island Wharf	
Repairs to Thain's road, near Dougan's ...
Cross road from Kokasailah road to Hen-
nesy's House	
Road from Tod's to the junction of the Flats
Road from Harrisville to the Flats road	
Repairs to road from Harrisville to Sayward's
Nanaimo District.
Nanaimo School House..
Gabriola Island Wharf.
New Westmtnstsr District.
Highroad, from a point opposite Rodick's
farm on the north-east road to Hayman's
Name of Tenderer.
DeWeiderhold & Co, coal...,
Do.        wood per load.,
Engelhardt k Co	
Coal, Wellington ,
,,    Chase River ,
,,    Harewood	
Wood, per load	
T W Bennett...
Puetz& Gyves..
J Dougan.
J H Thain.
Peter Hennessy.
John McLay	
William Copley..
W McPherson...
J Dougan	
James Love	
J Dougan	
Alex. Reid	
James Kier 	
William Thomson
James Dougan
E J Thain	
W Thomson	
John Hilbert	
A J Dixon 	
W Pringle 	
Fletcher & Thames
J W Stirtan	
J W Stirtan 	
A J McLellan ,
T W Bennett..
GH Baker	
W Murray  ,
Howell & Carpenter.
T Graham	
F Forrest	
Coast Meridian road.
ilex. Murchison	
V* Shannon	
Michael O'Brien	
McMillan & Murray
Adam Innes 	
William Thomson .
51,067 00
1,140 00
1,235 00
1,260 00
1,269 00
7 00
8 00
8 00
7 00
6 00
850 00
1,400 00
91 50
110 00
249 00
525 00
377 00
380 00
467 00
575 00
603 00
733 00
296 00
300 00
499 00
2,225 00
3,800 00
3,333 00
2,262 00
2,216 00
2,286 00
684 00
780 CO
800 00
420 00
450 00
625 00
890 00
1,750 10
2J965 )0
2,998 00
3,250 00
3,700 00
5,000 00
Not awarded.
y Awarded.
Awarded. 42 Vic.
Report of Public Works.
Tenders Keceived and Conteacts Awarded.—Concluded.
Nature of Work.
New Westminster District.—Concluded,
Repairs Hasting road 	
Yale District.
Kamloops-Tranquille road	
Clearing road for term of one year, head of
Okanagan Lake to Duck & Pringle's	
Okanagan Lock-up	
Road from Summit Lake towards Okanagan
Name of Tenderer.
Howell & Carpenter	
G Newlove	
J Ratchford	
Garnio & Garragher	
Francis McBrjan ,
C W Dixon	
Jean Laveau  ,	
P Ellison	
Tronson & Brewer	
Walker, Deloire & Andrews.,
A J Kirkpatrick	
600 00
420 00
480 00
550 00
565 00
200 00
825 00
850 00
1,052 CO
975 00
495 00
Not awarded.
Awarded. 322 Report of Public Works. 1878
SURVEYS,   1S78.
No Surveys of any large extent have been undertaken during the year. An amount
of $5,000 was placed on the Estimates laid before the House during the first Session held
in 1878, but of this sum only a moiety was voted for the half-year ending the 30th June,
1878, and about $500 of this were due for arrears of 1877.
During the second Session of the past year, the sum of $1,000 was appropriated for
future surveys, and $1,207 for arrears to the 30th June.
On the 23rd June, 1877, an application was received from the Dominion Government,
on behalf of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, for grants of land at Cape Beale
and Point Atkinson, in British Columbia, for lighthouse purposes. The quantity of land
required was as follows: at Cape Beale, 120 acres, exclusive of the islands, on the largest
of which the lighthouse is built; and 160 acres at Point Atkinson.
On the 5th February, 1878, the Secretary of State was informed that the tracts
applied for would be granted, provided the Dominion Government would cause the
necessary surveys to be made and plans thereof to be deposited with this Department.
This proposition was acceded to, and the Provincial Government requested to make the
surveys, the cost of which the Dominion Government agreed to reimburse.
The survey of the two parcels of land has been completed; the Cape Beale lot containing 160 acres, and the Point Atkinson lot 185 acres. The same Department has also
applied for a grant of Berens Island (at the entrance of Victoria Harbour), on which a
lighthouse stands.    This application has not been dealt with.
The other surveys, made during the year, have been principally confined to land
purchased under clause 62, " Land Act, 1875." Several claims in the vicinity of the
Cariboo waggon road were surveyed last year. These claims were either old preemptions or pre-emption purchase claims, and the expenses of their survey were in most
instances borne by their owners.
Mr. G. Turner completed the survey of several townships in New Westminster
District during the spring, and in June last was instructed to define the amount of land
subject to overflow and included within the Derby Dyking Scheme.
This work required great care, and entailed running careful contour levels, and
accurately traversing the lines on which the levels were taken.
■ The contour was run od a datum line taken from the extreme height the flood
attained in the Chilliwhack, Sumass, and Matsqui settlements in the year 1876.
The line, as regards the Matsqui portion, has been completed and carefully plotted
in the official maps; and the areas of the different sections and lots computed, showing
the amount of land subject to overflow, or otherwise, in each parcel. The expense
connected with this work has to be refunded by Mr. B. L. Derby, in accordance with
the terms of the "Sumass Dyking Act, 1878."
With regard to the settlement of vacant Crown Land throughout the Province, the
quantity recorded during the past year, by homestead settlers and pre-emptors of unsur-
veyed land, has nearly amounted in the aggregate to that taken up in a similar manner
during 1877. More rapid settlement has met with the same obstructions this year as
last, The extensive withdrawal of public lands from the market, pending the adjustment of Indian claims; secondly, the large Eeserve placed on Vancouver Island, from
Esquimalt to the Seymour Narrows; and, lastly, the extensive additional Preserve, for
Eailway purposes, placed on the Mainland on the 3rd August, 1878, have chiefly contributed to the result mentioned.
It is confidently hoped that the Department will, ere long, be in a better position to
place actual settlers on suitable homesteads.
The Indian Commission, it is believed, have completed their labours in the District
of Yale, and their reports and plans may therefore be shortly expected.
Hope was expressed in the last Annual Eeport that, by this date, a lithograph would
have been compiled, embracing the surveyed portions of the Kamloops and Osoyoos
Divisions of Yale District, but the project has been abandoned for want of means to
prosecute it.
The different surveys made in the neighbourhood of Okanagan Lake appear in a
newly lithographed plan, a copy of which accompanies this Eeport.
Annexed, will be found a list of the surveys made during the year, 42 Vic
Report of Public Works.
Detailed Surveys.
No. of
Acreage.     Name   of Surveyor.
Victoria Land Recording District.
Section 2, Barclay Sound, Lighthouse purposes	
Kennedy  Island and Skeena River, Lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, and 8	
Near Millbank Sound, Lot 9	
Township  12
Total Acreage	
Cowichan Land District.
Lot 1, Chemainus ,	
Nanaimo Land District.
Lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, Nanoose District ,	
Comox Land District.
Section 31	
New Westminster Land District.
W. J of Section 27, E. J Section 28, S. J of S.E. \
Section 33	
Lot 430	
Lot 7	
N. J & S.W.J Section 24, Section 25, E. J Section 26, N. \
k S.E. \ Section 35, and Section 36	
Lots 433 to 445 inclusive, and lots 455, 456, 457 	
Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 	
Lot 430	
Lot 418	
Lot 425	
Lot 450	
Lot 447, Point Atkinson Lighthouse	
Lot 448	
Total Acreage	
Yale Land Recording District.
Yale Division.
Lot 39	
ots ,40, 41, 42, and 43.
Lot 41.	
Lot 26	
Kamloops Division.
Lots 357 to 366, inclusive.
Lots 400 to 420, inclusive.,
Total Acreage	
Lillooet Land Recording District.
Lots 4, 5, 6, and 7	
Cariboo Land Recording District.
Lot 1 ,
Lots 2 to 14. inclusive
Total Acreage.
22" 7-10
770  1-5
3 960
22 7-10
22 7-10
10,796 2-5
E Stephens.
A It Howse.
J W McKay.
E Stephens.
J H Gray.
G F Drabble
\    1,153
G Turner.
I    4,447
G Turner.
G Turner.
J McClure.
J A Mahood.
G Ha: greaves
R E Cridge.
E Stephens.
J H Gray.
W D Patterson.
E Dewdney.
G Turner.
G Hargreaves.
E Dewdney,
E Dewdney,
John Jane.
0 J Travailliot,
John Jane.
24 324
Report op Public Works.
Detailed Expenditure; Surveys, 1st January to 30th June, 1878.
February   6
March       15
May 16
April 20
April 15
June 20
April 28
June        12
Wells, Fargo & Oo, freight on maps .,	
C G Ewing, repairs to transit	
W A Franklin, cartage, maps	
Welle, Fargo & Co., freight, etc., maps	
Ralph's Party.
W Ralph, salary, (arrears, 1877)	
Salt Spring Island Surveys.
February 6
June 1
A H Green, surveying... 	
E Bittancourt, board for A H Green..
Carnarvon Town Site.
0 J Travaillot, surveying town site	
Cape Beale and Point Atkinson Survey.
H Saunders, provisions	
E B Marvin, tents, etc	
(N.B.—The cost of these surveys, on completion, to be refunded by the
"Dominion Government.)
Salmon River Valley Survey.
Steamer Otter, freight on supplies  	
Bf.lng Scheme.
3 A Mahood, examining- ground and reporting ■	
W TJ Telegraph Co., message, Mahood	
Mrs Evans, beds and meals for Mahood	
J Matthews, cartage, Mahood's instruments, clc	
R Savage, ,, ,, 	
J A Mahood, on account of salary	
,, balance ,,     	
J F Swan wick, copying specifications	
[N.B.—Expenses of superintending Dyking operations to be refunded by E.
L. Derby, under Section 36, Dyking Act.]
Turner's Party.
EB Marvin, tents, etc	
HBCo., provisions	
M Cox, potatoes, fish	
Indian, Jim, ,,      	
JL Scott, chaining	
R Robertson, provisions	
A Gray, axeman	
G Newton, chainman	
G Turner, salary 	
Antoine, canoehire  	
A Gray, salary, axeman	
J Patterson, salary, axeman...
J Boyd,
A Hawkins, butter	
Indian Joe, labour...	
A L McColl, chainman	
J L Scott, ,,       	
M LaCroix, axeman	
Indian, Supplejack, labour..
J Eickhoff, provisions	
CG Major,        ,, 	
J McK Lanably, stationery	
14 00
20 62
1 50
28 95
Gastineau's Party.
J Parker, meat (arrears, 1877,)	
Jane's Party.
Hudson Bay Company, Kamloops, coffee [arrears, 1877.]..
Total Surveys  	
25 00
4 00
133 77
35 75
20 00
1 00
5 00
1 60
1 00
60 00
118 10
25 80
12 50
1 67
4 00
3 00
51 66
6 85
25 80
27 09
130 00
7 00
17 88
29 67
28 88
4 29
23 8!)
28 00
50 00
10 66
6 00
30 62
95 37
20 75
05 07
250 00
29 00
300 00
169 52
2 25
227 40
635 03
31 14
$ 1,717 41 42 Vic.
Report of Public "Works.
Roads and Bridges.
Victoria District	
Esquimalt   ,,     	
Cowichan    ,,      	
Nanaimo     ,,     	
Comox ,,     	
Main trunk road to Cariboo	
New Westminster District	
lillooet ,,      	
Kootenay ,,      	
Cariboo ,	
Cassiar ,,      	
Victoria-Nanaimo trunk road..
Works and Buildings.
Eepairs, Government Buildings,
New Westminster .
Furniture, Government offices	
Lunatic Asylum, New Westminster.	
Improvement Government reserve, James Bay	
Insurance, Government Buildings	
Okanagan lock-up	
Repairs, Royal Columbia Hospital, New Westminster.,
Wing to Victoria Hospital	
New school, Nanaimo	
Government House, Victoria	
Graving Dock
Total Expenditure.
$ 2
380 46
,193 03
,093 02
,059 38
764 79
,860 27
,066 25
,333 70
981 98
103 00
:,224 45
,760 25
,421 84
499 22
46 22
98 59
8 87
21 76
153 75
512 28
1,062 00
187 66
386 63
40 39
400 00
11 00
65 50
921 76
39,242 42
5,415 63
1,717 41
11,885 07
$ 58,260 53 826
Eepom of
Public Works.
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