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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1913 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1914

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 ERRATA.
Page 5, line 25.—For " batrachin^s" read " batrachians."
Page 19.—For " Reptila " read " Reptilia."
Page 22, line 6.—For " Buffalo-head " read " Buffle-head."
Page 26, top line.—For " Kwakiult" read " Kwakiutl." PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
EEPOET
OF   THE
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
NATTJEAL HISTOBY
FOR THE YEAR 1913
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THEGOVERNMENTOF
THEPR0V1NCE OF BRITISHCGLUMBrA.
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by William H. Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
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■a  To His Honour Thomas Wilson Paterson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
Iay it please Your Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith  the Annual Report  of  the Provincial
Museum of Natural History for the year 1913.
HENRY ESSON YOUNG,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, January 15th, ldllf.. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., January 15th,  1914.
The Honourable H. E.   Young, M.D.,
Provincial Secretary,   Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum, to lay before you the
report for the year 1913, covering the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FRANCIS KERMODE,
Director. PROVINCIAL   MUSEUM   REPORT
FOR THE   YEAR   1913.
Provincial Museum,
Victoria, B.C., December Slst, 1913.
The Honourable H. E. Young, AID.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—The work of the Provincial Museum of Natural History during the past year has
been more extensive in its scope, and, I believe, more productive in results which are calculated
to advance and serve the purposes of popular instruction, than in any preceding year. It is
gratifying to note that the earnest and persistent efforts made during the past years have won
the generous and appreciative recognition not only of scientific men, but of the general public,
and that our institution as a Museum of Provincial Natural History and Anthropology is
recognized as one of the foremost of its kind.
There is no way of accurately recording the attendance, but a glance at the visitors'
registei shows the names of people from all parts of the world. Only a very small proportion
of persons visiting the Museum utilize the register, 33,896 only having recorded during 1913.
Several classes from the public schools under the direction of their teachers have visited the
Museum, and I think that, if other teachers would take an opportunity of bringing their
classes to visit the Museum, it would be of great benefit to the students in their nature-studies.
It has been the endeavour of the Director to make every dollar of expenditure tell in the
direction of increasing the extent and value of the possessions of the Museum.
Considerable scientific research has been carried on in the field during the year, and the
Director proposes to continue this work and have parties in the field each year until every
portion of the Province has been covered ; the country offering almost unlimited opportunities
for the enthusiastic collector.
On April 7th, E. M. Anderson, of the Museum staff, accompanied by an assistant, C. B.
Garrett, were sent afield to make a general collection of zoological specimens in the Okanagan
Valley from the south end of Okanagan Lake to the United States boundary. Many valuable
specimens were added to the Museum, several species being new to the collection. During the
three months' trip there were collected : 306 birds, 580 oological specimens (comprising 114
-sets of eggs with nests), 278 mammals, 36 batrachins and reptiles, 11 fishes, and over 4,000
entomological specimens.
Special attention was given during the year to our collection of fishes. An interesting
and beautiful series of casts has now been arranged in eight cases on the upper floor in the
north section of the Museum. These casts, carefully coloured, represent the salmon family in
both salt-water and spawning forms, and other fishes indigenous to the waters of the Province.
In addition to the above, many new specimens have been preserved in alcohol, and the whole
collection of fishes rearranged.
During the months of May and June the Director, accompanied by an official of the Provincial Secretary's Department, made several week-end trips to Bare and Saturna Islands, and
secured some very interesting material.
The Director has this year taken up with more activity the question of the preservation
of wild life, and having the permission of the Honourable H. E. Young, M.D., Provincial
Secretary and Minister of the Department, invited the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs
for the Province of British Columbia to visit Bare Island, an Indian reserve, which has been
proposed as a bird sanctuary. The invitation was accepted, the launch " Gunhild " chartered,
and the trip taken on July 4th. The Commission was greatly impressed with what they saw
of the bird-life on this island, and negotiations are now in progress with the Department of
Indian Affairs at Ottawa to have Bare Island made a permanent bird sanctuary for the
preservation of wild life. G 6 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
Dr. C. F. Newcombe has continued his work of collecting anthropological material and
data relating to the Coast tribes, and has secured a large number of rare and valuable
specimens, one of which is a large board sail, which I believe is the first that has been secured
by any museum.    Dr. Newcombe's report is annexed hereto.
Mr. J. A. Teit, of Spences Bridge, has also continued the work of collecting anthropological
material from the Interior tribes, and has been very successful in securing a great deal of
wearing-apparel, baskets, etc.
Dr. Newcombe having been employed by the Fisheries Department to carry on investigations regarding the life-history of sea-lions, the Director left Victoria on June 17th for Namu,
to accompany him to the rookeries in the Sea Otter Group, south-west of Cape Calvert. On
arriving at Namu on the 20th, the launch " Chaos " was chartered and left the same evening
for Cape Calvert. On the way down Fitzhugh Sound, about 9.30 p.m., when nearing Safety
Cove, the " Karluk " on her way north, with the Steffanson Arctic Expedition on board, was
passed. Early next morning a start was made round Sorrow Island and Cape Calvert, out to
sea in a south-westerly direction to Devil and Pearl Rocks, which are about seven miles offshore. On approaching Devil Rock only a few sea-lions were found, probably about 200. but
at the next point visited, Pearl Rocks, which is the main rookery, the number estimated was
1,500 males and females and about 500 pups. In an endeavour to secure specimens several
shots were fired, but when hit the animals would roll off the rocks into the sea and sink almost
immediately. One large male, however, was secured before it sank, and was towed back to
Grief Bay, a distance of seven miles, where it was hauled up as the tide came in, to be skinned
and prepared for transportation. This mammal measured 11 feet 6 inches in length and 8
feet 6 inches around the neck, and weighed about 2,500 lb. Several good photographs were
secured, showing the rocks inhabited by these large sea-mammals. Early the next morning
Pearl Rocks were revisited, and subsequently Watch Rock, where approximately 500 males
and females, including pups, were observed. Bird Rock, which is nearer the shore-line of
Calvert Island, was also visited. This is a small island, chiefly lock, where a number of
glacous-wing gulls and cormorants nest, and should be set aside as a bird sanctuary ; the birds
on this island are not found in any such numbers as on Bare Island, near Victoria.
On August 30th the Director and his assistant left Victoria for Atlin on a general
zoological collecting trip. Although in the Atlin country only during the month of September,
a considerable number of specimens were collected, several of which were not previously known
to be in the Province. When it becomes possible to again visit this district and do a full
season's field-work, there can be no doubt that a number of eastern and northern species will
be found within the limits of British Columbia.
In a Province possessing such an enormous coast-line, the study of marine biology is of
very great importance, but so far our efforts in this direction have been handicapped by the
lack of suitable means for carrying out the work. Systematic dredging along the coast must
be undertaken by means of a suitable vessel. It is generally to be hoped that in the near
future it will be found possible to obtain a launch for the use of the Department, in order that
this important branch of our institution may not be neglected. A suitable boat would be of
very great assistance also in obtaining data relating to the migration of sea-birds and the
nesting habits, and would afford an opportunity of visiting certain little-known islands which
contain material of the greatest value and interest to the Provincial Museum.
Annexed will be found a complete list of all new specimens secured during the year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FRANCIS KERMODE,
Director. Nest  and  eggs  of  the  Glaucous-winged  Gull,   Bare  Island.
near   Victoria,   B.C.
Nest, and Eggs of Black Oyster-catcher, Bare Island, near Victoria, B.C.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 7
REPORT ON BIRDS COLLECTED AND OBSERVED DURING APRIL, MAY, AND
JUNE, 1913, IN THE OKANAGAN VALLEY, FROM OKANAGAN
LANDING SOUTH TO OSOYOOS LAKE.
By E. M. Anderson.
(Note.—Species collected on the trip are marked with an asterisk.)
*HoLBa<:LL's Grebe (Colymbus holbcelli, Reinh.).
Common on all the lakes throughout the valley; breeds on Dog, Vaseaux, and Osoyoos
Lakes. Eggs taken on June 11th and 16th. Nests found floating in the tule marshes and
also on the margin of lakes, composed of dead rushes, grasses, etc., and lined with decayed
vegetation—in about 3 feet of water. Eggs, four or five whitish buff to pale green, often
stained to obscure the ground colour; size, 2.20 x 1.45.
*IIorned Grebe (Colymbus auritus, Linn.).
Fairly common on lakes. Nests found well hidden amongst tules in about 4 feet of water.
Three sets of eggs taken June 13th at Vaseaux Lake. Nest composed of rushes, etc., and
lined with decayed vegetation. From five to eight buffy white eggs, often pale greenish; size,
1.50 x 1.25. Birds seldom found near the nests, as the eggs are incubated chiefly by the action
of dead vegetation placed in the nests.
Loon, Great Northern Diver (Gavia immer, Brum).
A pair were found on all the larger lakes throughout the valley. On May 23rd, secured
an interesting set of eggs at Vaseaux Lake ; the nest was situated at the water's edge, on the
extreme point of a small island. Eggs two in number, of a dark greenish-brown colour, spotted
sparingly with black. One egg measured 2.20 x 3.15, the larger 4.40 x 2.50 ; the latter a most
remarkable-sized egg.
Herring-gull (Larus argentatus, Pont.).
One seen at Okanagan Lake on April 9th.
Merganser (Mergns americanus, Cassin.).
One pair seen at Okanagan Lake on April 12th; probably breeds.
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos, Linn.).
On April 10th a large flock of about sixty birds was seen near Penticton, along the
Okanagan River. By the 20th of the month nearly all of the birds paired and bred on the
numerous lakes throughout the district.
Red-head, Pochard (Marila americana, Eyt.).
A few pair were seen with a large flock of scaup-ducks at Okanagan Landing on April
loth. A pair bred on Dog Lake, near the Okanagan Falls. The young were seen on June
12th close to the margin of the lake.
Scaup-duck, Bluebill (Marila marila, Linn.).
Common at Okanagan Falls on April 9th.    Did not find it breeding in the valley.
Lesser Scaup-duck (Marila affinis, Eyt.)
Five birds seen in company with scaup-ducks on April 9 th at Okanagan Landing.
Buffle-head, Butter-ball (Gharitonetta albeola, Linn.).
Two males seen at Okanagan Lake on April 9 th.
Canada Goose (Branta. canadensis canadensis, Linn.).
Found throughout the valley. Three were seen at Penticton on April 12th ; about forty
at Vaseaux Lake on May 12th. Breeds throughout the valley. On an island in Vaseaux Lake
two nests were found on the ground. They lay five beautiful eggs; size, 3.45 x 2.40. Nests
composed of pin-needles, lined with down. Birds have been known to nest at the edge of
American osprey's nest, and not uncommonly on top of a pinnacle of a mountain-top. G 8 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
Trumpeter-swan (Olor buccinator, Rich.).
Two birds were seen at Dog Lake, near Kaleden. These birds were moving northward to
their breeding-grounds. S. Satow reports the bird common at Vaseaux Lake during the
winter months.
Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus, Montag.).
By no means a common bird; only three pair seen. A pair was found breeding at
Vaseaux Lake on June Sth ; nest in the marsh. Two birds seen at Osoyoos Lake on May 10th,
and also a pair observed on wing along the Okanagan River on June 25th.
Sandhill-crane (Grus mexicana, Muller).
Two flights of about one hundred birds moving northward seen on Schoonover Mountain,
April 18th to 20th.    One pair breeding at Vaseaux Lake, May 23rd.
Virginia Rail (Radius virginianus, Linn.).
Found on Dog Lake, Okanagan Falls, May7 2nd, breeding in reeds.
Carolina Rail (Porzana Carolina, Linn.).
One pair seen at Vaseaux Lake, May7 23rd, breeding in tales.
Coot (Mud-hen), (Euliea americana, Gmel.).
Common at Okanagan Lake, Penticton, April 10th to 15th. Breeds on lakes throughout
the valley.    Eggs laid in marshes.
Wilson's Snipe (Gallinago delicata, Ord.).
One pair observed on May 10th at Dog Lake, Okanagan Falls.
*Gheater Yellow-legs (Totanus melanoleucus, Gmel.).
A fine male taken on a small lake near Fairview on May 15th.
*Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia, Linn.).
Common, breeds throughout the valley. Seen at Vaseaux Lake on May 20th, Dog Lake
on June 15th ; two birds shot at Penticton along the river-bank on June 25th. This is the
only species of sandpiper observed with certainty in the valley.
Long-Billed Curlew (Numenius americanus, Bech.).
Not common. On May Sth a pair were seen on a side-hill on Shuttleworth Creek. A
pair bred at Vaseaux Lake on the west side.    Birds heard, May 25th to 30th ; nest not found.
*Kildeer Plover (Oxyechus vociferus, Linn.).
Fairly common in suitable breeding-places. Taken on May 10th at Okanagan Falls.
Seen at Vaseaux Lake on June 1st, at Dog Lake on June 20th.
California Quail (Lophortyx californica californica, Shaw.).
Saw two pair at Penticton with y-oung brood on June 28th. Settlers report the bird
increasing throughout the district.
*Richardson's Grouse (Dendragapus obseurus richardsoni, Dough).
Common in nearly all the foot-hills. Secured birds at Penticton on April 10th ; Okanagan
Falls, Schoonover Mountain (4,000 feet), April ISth to 25th. Found nest containing six eggs
near the top of Schoonover Mountain, about 4,500 feet; nest on ground under small pine-tree.
Eggs hard set on June 2nd; size, 1.90 x 1.30 ; buff coloured, spotted with brown.
Franklin's Grouse (C anachites franklini, Dough).
Two birds were seen on April 9th at Four-mile Creek, Penticton, at an altitude of about
3,000 feet. These birds breed on Mount Pearson and most of the high mountains throughout
the valley.    R. D. Sullivan reports it breeding back of Summerland at about 4,000 feet.
*Grey Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus umbelloides, Dough).
Abundant in different sections. Common along the river-banks and alder bottoms ; also
found in mountains in suitable places, along creeks, edges of lakes, etc. Secured several fine
specimens during May. Found a nest on May 3rd placed on the ground, composed of dead
leaves.    The five eggs measure 1.60 x 1.20, pale-buff colour.    Eggs fresh when taken. Hivd-nesting on Saturna Island.
The eggs of the North-west Coast Heron were taken from the nest near the top of this large fir.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 9
Ring-neck Pheasant (Phasianus torquatus, Linn.).
A few were seen at Okanagan Falls. J. Thomas reports the birds doing well, and it is to
be hoped that they will endure the winter months.
*Mourning-dove (Zenaidura macroura carolinensis, Linn.).
Very abundant from Penticton to Osoyoos Lake. Observed on May 24th at Vaseaux
Lake, May 16th at Osoyoos, and all through June at Okanagan Falls. Breeds throughout the
valley commonly ; nest usually placed on the ground, laydng two white eggs; size, 1.15 x 0.80.
Turkey-vulture (Cathartes aura septentrionalis, Wied.).
Very common from Vaseaux Lake to Osoyoos; breeds in rugged cliffs from May to July.
Marsh-hawk (Circus hudsonius, Linn.).
Saw one bird at Osoyoos Lake on May 16th. One pair were found breeding at Vaseaux
Lake on June 10th amongst the tule marshes and grasses.
*Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter velox, Wils.).
One specimen taken near Fairview on May 19th. Not a common breeder in the district.
*Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperi, Bonap.).
Found a pair breeding at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, on May 3rd. Nest
composed of sticks and lined with bark strips, etc., was placed in poplar tree, about 30 feet
up. The eggs, two in number, of a bluish-white colour, spotted slightly with brown ; size,
1.90 x 1.40.    Eggs fresh.
Goshawk (Astur atricapillis atricapillus, Wils.).
One pair seen at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, on April 18th.
Western Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo borealis calurus, Cass.).
Not common. Saw one bird at Okanagan Falls on May 25th, and another pair at
Schoonover Cabin, 3,500 feet altitude.
Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni, Bonap.).
Only one specimen seen at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, on May 20th.
Golden Eagle (Aquila chryscetos, Linn.).
Not common. One pair found breeding at Maclntyre Creek, nest inaccessible on rugged
cliff, May 10th.
Bald Eagle (llaliae'tus leucocephalus alascanus, Towns.).
One pair seen on May 5th at Okanagan Falls.
*Duck-hawk (Falco peregrinus anatum, Bonap.).
On May 12th found a pair breeding on the south side of Peach Cliff, Okanagan Falls ;
nest situated in a crevice of an inaccessible bluff, about 500 feet from the ground. Secured
both male and female in full breeding plumage.
Black Pigeon-hawk (Falco columbarius suckleyi, Ridg.).
Not a common bird. Observed one at Okanagan Falls on May Sth, and one at Vaseaux
Lake on June 1st.
*Desert Sparrow-hawk (Falco sparverius phalcena, Lesson).
Common. Breeds throughout the valley; nests in holes in trees. Okanagan Falls, May-
8th; Osoyoos, May 16th; Penticton, June 26th.
*Osprey (Fish-hawk), (Pandion halicetus carolinensis, Gmel.).
Abundant. Penticton, May 12th ; Okanagan Falls, April, May, and June. Breeds
commonly; nests tops of trees from 50 to 80 feet high. Three sets of eggs taken. Okanagan
Falls, set of three, May 12th ; Osoyoos Lake, set of two, May 15th; and Vaseaux Lake, set of
three, May 20th.    Size of eggs, 2.55 x 1.95, whitish, blotched with chestnut brown.
*Long-eared Owl (Asio wilsonianus, Less.).
Breeds fairly commonly in old crows' nests in bottom lands. Male and female and five
downy young taken on small island in Vaseaux Lake on May 23rd.
B G 10 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
Dusky Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus saturatus, Ridg.).
One seen on April 12th at Four-mile Creek, near Penticton, and another at Okanagan
Falls on May 3rd.    Breeds throughout the district.
Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon, Linn.).
Found breeding along the river-banks and Vaseaux Lake. Nest contained seven young
on June 24th, in a hole in the bank at Penticton.    Fairly common.
*Northern Hairy Woodpecker (Dryobates villosus leucomelas, Bodd.).
One female taken at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, on May7 7th.    Not common.
*Cabinis' Woodpecker (Dryobates villosus hyloscopus, Cab. & Heine).
Fairly common in the hills. Four specimens taken at Schoonover Mountain, Okanagan
Falls—one April 19th, one April 25th, one May 7th, and another June 7th.
*Batchelder's Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens homorus, Cab. & Heine).
Fairly common.    Taken at Okanagan Falls on May 13th.
*Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius nuchalis, Baird.).
Four specimens taken at Penticton on June 25th. Not common. Breeds near Penticton,
along the Okanagan River banks ; nests in alder-stumps. Birds located feeding voung, June
22nd.
*Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus, Cass.).
Rare in British Columbia. Male and female taken on April 22nd on Schoonover
Mountain, Okanagan Falls, about 3,500 feet, and a single male on June 1st in the same locality.
The hammering of this bird differs in sound from any other of the woodpecker family, being
faster and shriller, not unlike that of a nuthatch, but heavier taps and more pronounced. All
three were found feeding on tamarack-trees.
Northern Pileated Woodpecker (Phlceotomus pileatus abieticola, Bangs).
Not common.    Breeds at Okanagan Falls.    Pair seen at McLean Creek on May 1st.
*Lewis' Woodpecker (Asyndesmus lewisi, Riley).
Common from Okanagan Falls to Osoyoos. Breeds commonly. Nests in holes in stumps,
etc., laying from seven to nine eggs, white, measuring 1.05x0.80. Eggs taken at Vaseaux
Lake on May 31st and June 10th.
*Red-shafted Flicker (Colaptes cafer collaris, Vigors).
Common throughout the valley. Breeds commonly. Nests in old stumps, etc., from 10
to 20 feet high. Birds and eggs taken at Vaseaux Lake on May 27th and June 10th. Lay
from six to eight white eggs, measuring 1.20 x 0.90. The male bird was sitting on the eggs.
Bird shot.
Poor Will (Phalienoptilus nuttalli nuttalli, Aud.).
Only one seen at Vaseaux Lake on June 5th. Heard notes of the bird at Penticton on
June 26th.
* Western Night-hawk (Chordeiles virginianus henryi, Cass.).
Very abundant at Okanagan Falls on June 29th, and also at Penticton from June 25th
to July 1st.
Black Swift (Cypseloides niger borecdis, Kenn.).
On July 2nd, while travelling on the train, observed a flock of about thirty birds on the
wing a mile north of Mara.
Vaux's Swift (Chcvture vauxi, Towns.).
Fairly common at Okanagan Falls on May 20th ; also a pair on Okanagan Paver, about
two miles north of Penticton, June 26th ; the latter pair were breeding. Observed the birds
breaking rotten sticks from a dead birch whilst on the wing. This performance was noticed
only late in the evening, usually about an hour before dusk.
Calliope Humming-bird (Stellula calliope, Gould).
One male seen at Shuttleworth Creek on May 15th at an altitude of about 3,000 feet. Osprey and nest at  top of a  dead  fir,  Saturna  Island,   Straits  of  Georgia,  B.C.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 11
*Rufous Humming-bird (Selasphortis rvfus, Gmel.).
By no means as common as on the Coast. A few seen at Okanagan Falls from May 3rd
to 30th, and at Pentic'ton from June 20th to 30th.
^Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus, Linn.).
One of the commonest birds of the valley, arriving about the middle of May and breeding
in June. Nests and eggs taken at Vaseaux Lake, June 11th and 15th ; Penticton, June 20th,
25th, and 28th. Nests in bushes and tops of posts, etc. Lay from three to four cream-
coloured eggs, blotched and spotted with brown and lilac, measuring 0.95 x0.75.
* Arkansas Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis, Say).
Very abundant in the valley. Breeds commonly. Found .nest in stable containing three
young on May 3rd at Okanagan Falls, and a second nest with fledglings on June 11th at
Shuttleworth Creek in a pine-tree close to the trunk, about 30 feet high.
*Say's Phcebe (Sayornis sayus, Bonap.).
Two specimens taken in sage-brush at Penticton on April 10th, and another at Okanagan
Falls on May Sth.    Breeds.
*Olive-sided Flycatcher (Nuttallornis borealis, Swains.).
• One seen at MacLean Creek on May Sth.    A male taken at Schoonover Mountain on
June 6th, altitude 3,500 feet.    By no means a common bird.
* Western Wood-pewee (Myiochanes richardsoni richardsoni, Swains.).
Fairly common at Osoyoos, May 16th; Vaseaux Lake, May 24th ; and Penticton, June
25th.    Breeds.
*Traill's Flycatcher (Empidonax trailli trailli, Aud.).
Common. Nests and eggs taken at Penticton on June 16th. Nests placed in rose-bushes
about 4 feet from the ground, composed of fine grasses and wood-fibre, lined with cow and
horse hair. Lay from three to four eggs, cream coloured, spotted and blotched with lilac and
brown, mostly towards the larger end.    Measure, 0.75 x0.55.    (Eggs perfectly fresh.)
*Hammond's Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondi, Xan.).
Fairly common at Okanagan Falls. Taken May 4th, 15th, and June 4th at Schoonover
Mountain, elevation 4,000 feet.
*Wright's Flycatcher (Empidonax wrighti, Baird.).
Not a common bird at Okanagan Falls on May 5th.
*Magpie (Pica pica hudsonia, Sab.).
Common Very abundant from Vaseaux Lake to Osoyoos. Breeds in large colonies at
Incameep. Nest is a large structure of sticks usually placed in pine-trees from 15 to 40 feet
high, often in willows, etc. Lay from seven to twelve eggs, averaging 1.25 x 0.90. Eggs taken
on May 15th at Incameep, one set containing nine and the other seven.    Nest is very bulky.
*Black-headed Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri annectens, Baird.).
Common throughout the valley. Breeds. Nests and eggs taken on May 2nd at
Okanagan Falls. Nest was placed in jack-pine about 25 feet high, near the top. Composed
of sticks and lined with wood-fibres, etc.
*Rocky Mountain Jay (Perisoreus canadensis capitalis, Ridg.).
Found this fine jay fairly common near the top of Schoonover Mountain at an altitude of
from 3,000 to 5,000 feet, in the thick tamarack and spruce belts. The birds are very shy and
silent during the nesting season. Several specimens were taken on April 20th and three on
June 1st.    No birds were seen below 3,000 feet.
^Western Crow (Corvus brachryhynchos hesperis, Ridg.).
Very abundant throughout the valley. Nests and eggs taken at Okanagan Falls from
April SOth to May 19th. The birds were found breeding in numbers during May along the
river-bottoms, from Penticton to Osoyoos. The nests were usually placed from 15 to 30 feet
high in alder, poplar, and willow trees. Eggs averaged about five in number, varying from
black to greenish white, spotted and blotched with various shades of brown ; size, 1.60 x 1.15. G 12 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
These birds do considerable damage to the smaller birds' nests. On several occasions they
were found plundering the homes and destroying the eggs of the goldfinch and western
chipping-sparrow, which are usually found common in the peach and apple orchards throughout
the valley.
^Clarke's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana, Wils.).
The bird found common in the foot-hills from Penticton to Osoyoos Lake, more abundant
on the east side. Birds were taken at Penticton (Four-mile Creek) on April 10th, and at
Schoonover Mountain, 4,000 feet altitude, on April 20th. Birds have been known to breed
in the latter part of February, when the thermometer often registers 20 degrees below zero.
From the size of the young birds taken in June, it is without doubt that the birds lay some
time about the middle of March. Search for the nests was made daily from April 20th to
25th on Schoonover Mountain, 4,000 feet altitude; only one deserted nest was located in a
pine-tree 25 feet from the ground. The nest is a large bulky affair composed of sticks and
lined with bark, etc.
*Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus, Linn.).
Fairly common. Ten specimens taken at Penticton on June 20th. Located a female
building a nest on the ground in the meadow near Penticton on June 18th, and on my return
a few days later found the nest deserted.    A pair was seen at Okanagan Falls on May 20th.
*Cowbird (Molothrus ater ater, Bodd.)
Birds taken at Penticton on June 25th. Flock of about seven were seen at Okanagan
Falls on May 21st. On June 25th a single egg was found in the nest of a Pacific yellow-
throat, which contained two eggs, slightly incubated.
*San Diego Redwing (Agelaius phasniceus neutralis, Ridg.).
Very abundant in marshes and swamps throughout the valley7. Seen only in the bottom
lands. Specimens were taken at Penticton, April 12th ; Okanagan Falls, April 15th and May
10th ; and Vaseaux Lake and Osoyoos in May. Nests and eggs were taken at Dog Lake on
May 21st, also several fine sets at Vaseaux and Osoyoos on May 24th.
* Western Meadow-lark (Stumella neglecta, Aud.).
Common at Penticton and Okanagan Falls; abundant nearly everywhere, in the fields
and meadows throughout the valley.    Breeds.
*Bullock's Oriole (Icterus bullocki, Swains.).
Abundant throughout the valley. Birds taken on May 27th at Penticton, and on June
6th at Vaseaux Lake. Breeds commonly close to water. Nests placed usually in deciduous
trees, resembling a hanging basket in shape. Fresh eggs were taken at Penticton on June
15th. Eggs four in number, pale bluish white, streaked and lined with black, brown, and
grey ; size, 0.95 x 0.60. Nest containing four young was found at Dog Lake on June 20th.
The chatter of these birds can be heard from morn till night ; and they are very busy during
the nesting season.
*Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus, Wag.).
One of the commonest birds in the valley. Large flocks were seen at Penticton on April
12th, and also at Okanagan Falls during the months of May- and June. On May 29th a nest
containing six eggs was taken. Eggs were slightly incubated. The nest was situated on a
haystack in an open meadow—rather an unusual nesting-place. Another fine set was collected
at Okanagan Falls on June 15th. Nest was placed on the ground and contained six dull
greyish eggs, blotched and spotted with brown and black ; size, 1 x 0.75.    Incubation fresh.
*Western Evening Grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertina montana, Ridg.).
During the first week in June a flock of about twenty birds frequented our camp at
Schoonover Mountain (3,500 feet). The birds were watched closely in order to try and locate
their nesting-place, but our observations proved in vain. The birds showed no signs of pairing
up to June 15th. Several birds were collected on June 12th, and on close examination of the
ovaries three females showed no sign of breeding whatever ; therefore it is without doubt that
these birds lay well on into July. Mr. Blurton mentioned the fact that he once saw a female
feeding young birds near Mara during the latter part of July. From observations, it is
believed that the birds nest near the tops of tall conifers, 100 to 150 feet high, otherwise an
old nest would have been found. i V. ..
Sea-lions on  Pearl  Rocks,  south-west  of Cape  Calvert,   Queen  Charlotte   Sound,  B.C.
^Sh-^s^hIH;7^-
Large   Sea-lion  lulled  on   Pearl  Rocks  and  towed  to   Grief Bay.   back   of   Sorrow   Island.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 13
*Cassin's Purple Finch (Carpodacus cassini, Baird;.
Common at Okanagan Falls in April and May. A dozen specimens were collected in
May at McLean Creek, Okanagan Falls. This bird is one of the finest songsters in the valley
during the spring months. Its sweet melodious trills can be heard amongst the trees of the
beautiful conifer forests characteristic of the Okanagan.
*Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra minor, Brehm).
Two flocks, about forty birds, were seen at Schoonover Mountain (4,000 feet) from June
2nd to 4th.    Three males and one female taken on June 2nd.
*Pale Goldfinch (Astragalinus tristis pallidus, Mearns).
One male taken at Penticton April 12th; a small flock of seven observed at Okanagan
Falls, April 30th; four seen at Penticton, June 14th.    Breeds in July.
*Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus, Wils.).
Four birds collected at Okanagan Falls, April 12th; one flock of about thirty at
Schoonover Mountain, April 20th.
*Snow-bunting (Plectrop/tenax nivalis nivalis, Linn.).
One specimen found dead at Okanagan Falls, May 1st. No other birds seen during the
summer.
*Western Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis alaudinus, Bon.).
Common throughout the Valley.    Taken at Okanagan Falls, April 20th to May7 10th.
*Western Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus strigatus, Swains.).
Fairly common at Osoyoos, May 16th. Taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 27th. A fine songster.
*Gambel's Sparrow (Zonotrichia leuccrpltrys gambeli, Nutt.).
Fairly common.    Okanagan Falls, May 6th; Osoyoos, May 22nd.
*Western Chipping-sparrow (Spizella passerina arizonce, Coues).
Common everywhere throughout the valley. Eggs taken, May 30th, June 14th, June 21st
and 25th. Nests placed in trees and bushes. Eggs four or five in number, of a greyish blue,
spotted and blotched with blackish and purplish markings; size, 0.70 x 0.52.
*Shufeldt's Junco (Junco hyemalis connectens, Coues).
Found this bird common on all the foot-hills and higher altitudes throughout the valley7.
Taken at Penticton, April 10th to 12th ; at Okanagan Falls, April 20th and May 10th.
*Rusty Song-sparrow (Melospiza melodia morphna, Oberh.).
Common everywhere in the valley. Eggs taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 23rd ; at Okanagan Falls, June 11th and 13th. Nests placed in swamp-grass ; four or five eggs in number,
whitish or greenish white, spotted and blotched with browns of various shades ; size, 0.80 x 0.60.
*Spurred Towhee (Pipilo maculatus montanus, Swarth).
Abundant throughout the valley. Breeds commonly; nests on the ground. Taken at
Okanagan Falls, May 20th; Penticton, June 25th.
* Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amcena, Say).
Common in the lower sections of the valley. Birds taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 18th to
27th, June 10th ; at Penticton, June 28th. Nests and eggs collected at Vaseaux Lake, May7
29th. The nest was placed in small bushes about 4 feet from the ground. The eggs, four in
number, were pale bluish white; size, 0.75 x 0.55.
* Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana, Wils.).
Fairly common at Okanagan Falls. Birds collected at Schoonover Mountain, June
1st; at Okanagan Falls, May 8th.
*Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon lunifrons lunifrons, Say).
Common everywhere in the valley. Breeds commonly ill suitable places. Nest
constructed of mud, placed on dwellings or cliffs. Eggs four or five in number, whitish, spotted
with reddish brown ; size, 0.82 x 0.56. Taken at Okanagan Falls, April 30th ; Vaseaux Lake,
May 16th; Penticton, June 16th. G 14 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
*Barn-swallow (Hirundo erythrogastra, Bod.).
Fairly common at Okanagan Falls and Osoyoos. Nests and eggs taken at Dog Lake,
June 19th. Nests in buildings and barns, etc. Eggs four or five in number, slightly paler in
markings than the cliff-swallow.
*Tree-swallow (Iridoprocne bicolor, VieilL).
Only a few birds seen at Okanagan Falls on May 1 Oth. Found it the most uncommon of
all the swallows. Bird, nest, and eggs taken at Penticton, June 29th. Tho nest was situated
in a hole in a fence-post about 4 feet from the ground. Nest contained three white eggs (hard
set); size, 0.75x0.50.
* Northern Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina lepida, Mearns).
Found the bird common everywhere from Penticton to Osoyoos. Breeds commonly in
May and June.    Vaseaux Lake, May 16th ; Penticton, June 26th.
*Bank-Swallow (Riparia riparia, Linn.).
Common in suitable breeding-grounds. The bird was found in hundreds breeding in the
holes along the banks at Dog Lake on May 16th. Most of the nests contained birds a few
days hatched or eggs far advanced. Eggs five or six, whitish in colour; size averaging
0.70x0.50.
*Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis, Aud.).
Collected several birds at Penticton, June 25th to 30th. A small colony of about forty-
birds were found breeding in holes in the low bank of the Okanagan River near Penticton.
Two sets of eggs were taken, both hard set; nests contained seven whitish-coloured eggs;
size, 0.75x0.52.
*Cedar Wax wing (Bombycilla cedrorum, Vieill.).
Fairly common at Okanagan Falls, Vaseaux Lake, and Penticton in June. Nests and
eggs collected at Okanagan Falls, June 20th; eggs measuring 0.85 x 0.60, of a dull greyish
blue, blotched and speckled with black and brown markings, mostly towards the larger end.
*Red-eyed Vireo (Vireosylva olivacea, Linn.).
The commonest of the vireos found in the valley. Vaseaux Lake, May 22nd ; Penticton,
June 15th to 25th. Nest and eggs collected at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, June
6th; at Penticton, June 30th. The nests were suspended from the outer branches of deciduous
trees, about 6 feet from the ground. Eggs four in number, whitish in colour, sparingly marked
with blackish brown; size, 0.85 x 0.55.
^Western Warbling Vireo (Vireosylva gilva swainsoni, Baird).
A few were seen at Okanagan Falls, May 7th to 15th. Bird, nest, and eggs were taken
at Penticton, June 25th. Building habits similar to the red-ey7ed vireo. Eggs four in number,
white, spotted with dark-brown markings;   size, 0.72 x 0.52.
*Cassin's Vireo (Lanivireo solitarius cassini Xam).
Two specimens taken at Okanagan Falls, May 1st.
*Lutescent Warbler (Vermivora celata lutescens, Ridg.).
Common at Okanagan Falls and Penticton, May 10th and June 20th. Breeds. Nests
on the ground.    Eggs four, white, speckled with reddish brown ; size, 0.65 x 0.45.
*Alaska Yellow Warbler (Dendroica mstiva rubiginosa, Pallas).
Breeds commonly. Collected at Vaseaux Lake, May 20th ; Penticton, June 25th. Quite
common at Vaseaux Lake and Dog Lake. Nests and eggs taken at Dog Lake on June 19th
in bushes. Eggs four or five in number, of a dull whitish colour, spotted and blotched with
various shades of brown and lilac; size, 0.65 x 0.50.
*Audobon's Warbler (Dendroica auduboni auduboini, J. K. Towns.).
Common at Okanagan Falls, May 1st to 10th ; at Schoonover Mountain, June 1st.
*Macgillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei, J. K. Towns.).
One specimen taken at Schoonover Mountain (Sheep Creek) on June Srd.   4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 15
*Pacific Yellow-throat (Geothlypis trichas arizela, Oberh.).
Common at Vaseaux Lake, May 25th; at Okanagan River (Penticton) in June. One
nest collected with two eggs; nest also contained a cowbird's egg. Nest in low bushes about
18 inches from the ground and close to river-bank. Eggs whitish, speckled with brown and
amber; size, 0.70 x 0.50.
*Long-tailed Chat (Icteria virens longicauda, Lawr.).
Fairly common at Penticton and Okanagan Falls. Specimen taken at Penticton, June
24th.    Breeds along the river-bottoms.
*Golden Pileolated Warbler (Wilsonia,pusilla ehryseola, Ridg.).
A few seen at intervals at Okanagan Falls and Penticton. Specimen taken at Vaseaux
Lake, May 28th and 30th.
*Redstart (Setophaga rutieilla, Linn.).
Only found the bird  at  Penticton, June   10th  to  24th.     Nest   and  eggs  collected at
Penticton, June 10th.    Nest placed in a crotch of bush about 5 feet from the ground.    Eggs
four in number, slightly incubated, white in colour, spotted with reddish and grey markings ;
size, 0.65 x 0.50.
*Pipit (Anthus rubescens, Tunstall).
A flock of about 200 seen at Okanagan Falls, May 6th and 7th ; specimen taken at
Vaseaux Lake, May 7th.
Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus unicolor, Bonap.).
Only7 two pair were seen, one at McLean Creek, April 25th, and the other at Okanagan
Falls. On May 1st a nest was located at Okanagan Falls and shortly afterwards was swept
away by the rising water.    The bird did not attempt to rebuild in the same locality.
*Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis, Linn.).
Common from Penticton to Osoyoos. Nests and eggs taken at Penticton, June 15th to
30th.    Nests placed in low bushes, containing four or five bluish-green eggs; size, 0.95 x 0.70.
*Rock-w-ren (Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus, Say).
A few birds were seen at Vaseaux Lake, May 18th.    By no means common.
Western Winter Wren (Naunus hiemalis pacificus, Baird).
One pair seen at Penticton (Four-mile Creek), April 12th; at Okanagan Falls (Shuttle-
worth Creek), May 1st to 6th.    Not common.
*Rocky Mountain Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis nelsoni, Mearns).
Found this bird common at Shuttleworth Creek, Okanagan Falls, April 25th to 30th.
*Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis, Linn.).
Birds  collected  at  McLean  Creek,  Okanagan  Falls,  April  28th.     Not as  common as
Rocky Mountain and pygmy nuthatch.
*Pygmy Nuthatch (Sitta pygmcea pygmwa, Vig.).
Common everywhere throughout the valley.    Found nests at Vaseaux  Lake, May Srd
and 22nd.    Nest situated in a hole in a rotten stump about 15 feet from the ground.    Eight
eggs, whitish, speckled with reddish brown, size, 0.60 x 0.50.
*Long-tailed Chickadee (Penthestes atricapillus septentrionalis, Harris).
Okanagan Falls, May 6th ; Vaseaux Lake, June 2nd.
*Mountain Chickadee (Penthestes gambeli gambeli, Ridg.).
Okanagan Falls, April 20th to 25th, May 1st to Sth.    Fairly common.
*Hudsonian Chickadee (Penthestes hudsonicus hudsonicus, J. R. Forster).
Common at Schoonover Mountain (4,000 feet) in June.    Nest and fresh eggs taken, May
Slst;   five  eggs.    Nest in hole   in   tree,  eggs   white,   speckled   with   reddish   brown;   size,
0.60 x 0.45.
*Rubi7-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula calendula, Linn.).
Common at Okanagan Falls, April, May, and June. Breeds on Schoonover Mountain at
an altitude of 4,000 feet.    Found old nest in pine-tree about 30 feet high. G 16 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
*Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi, Aud.).
Collected specimens at Okanagan Falls, May 1st; at Schoonover Mountain, June Ith.
Occasional birds seen on the higher altitudes.
*Audubon's Hermit Thrush (Hylocichla guttata, auduboni, Baird).
Two birds collected at Schoonover Mountain (3,800 feet), June 5th.
* Robin (Planesticus migratorius migratorius, Linn.).
Okanagan Falls, May 15th and June 10th.    Breeds.
* Western Robin (Planesticus migratorius propinquus, Ridg.).
Abundant everywhere.    Breeds commonly in the valley in May7.
^Northern Varied Thrush (Ixoreus n/evius meruloides, Swains.).
Birds collected at Okanagan Falls, April 25th.    Few seen at Osoyoos, May 23rd.
* Western Bluebird (Sialia  mexicana occidentalis, J. K. Towns.).
Common. Penticton, April 10th ; Okanagan Falls, April 25th to 30th. Nest and eggs
taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 22nd. Eggs six in number, of bluish colour ; size, 0.80x0.60.
A very interesting set of six white eggs collected at Okanagan Falls on June 17th in a hole in
a stump.
*Mountain Bluebird (Sialia eurrucoides, Bech.).
Fairly common.    Okanagan Falls, April and May; Penticton, June 20th.
LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN THE OKANAGAN VALLEY.
By E. M. Anderson and C. B. Garrett.
Papilio daunus.    Common, Mav and June, Vaseaux Lake.
ii       eurymedon.    Common, May and June, Vaseaux Lake.
H       rutulus.    A few taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 20th to 30th.
ii       turnus.    Vaseaux Lake, Schoonover Mountain, May- 15th and June 6th.
ii       zolicaon.    Common.    Okanagan Falls, May7  10th; Schoonover Mountain, June
1st to 6th.
Pontia  beekeri.    Osoyoos, May 23rd.
ii       sisymbri.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 15th.    Common.
i.       occidentalis.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 15th.    Common.
ii       ra/prn.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 15th.    Common.
Synchloe creusa.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 15th.    Common.
ii ausonides.     Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May loth.     Common.
H        sara.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 15th, and June 6th.
Eurymus eriphyle.    Vaseaux Lake, Okanagan Falls, May7 20th to June 20th.
ii hatfordii.     Okanagan Falls, May 25th.
ii occidentalis.    Vaseaux Lake, May 18th ; Osoyoos, May 25th.
Brenthis freija.    Schoonover Mountain, common, June 1st to 6th.
ii bellona.    Schoonover Mountain, common, June 1st to 6th.
ii epithore.    Schoonover Mountain, common, June 1st to 6th.
Lemonias cooperi.    Okanagan Falls, Vaseaux Lake, June 1st.
ii palla.    Vaseaux Lake, Jnne 1st to 10th.
ii whitneyii.    Vaseaux Lake, June 1st to 10th.
ii baroni.    Vaseaux Lake, June 12th.
Phycoides pratensis.    Okanagan Falls, June 11th.
ii mylitta.    Vaseaux Lake, June 10th.
Eugonia californica.    Schoonover Mountain, June 1st.
Euvanessa antiopa.    Okanagan Falls, April 15th.
Basilarchia archippus.    Vaseaux Lake, May 14th to 30th.
ii lorquini.    Penticton, June 30th.
Cereyonis charon.    Vaseaux Lake, June 15th.
Erebia epipsodea.    Vaseaux Lake, Schoonover Mountain, June.    Common. Totem-pole.    Talio,  South Bentinek Arm, B.C.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 17
Cix.nonym.pha ampelos.    Vaseaux Lake, Schoonover Mountain, May 15th, and June.
Anosia plexippus.    Vaseaux Lake, May 15th to 30th.
Uranotes melinus.    Okanagan Falls, May 20th.
Callipsyche behrii.    Vaseaux Lake, June 16th.
Incasilia iroides.    Okanagan Falls.
ii       mossi.    Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
ii       eryphon.    Okanagan Falls, Schoonover Mountain, May7 4th and June.
Epidemia zeroe.    Vaseaux Lake, June 10th to 15th.
ii       helloides.    Vaseaux Lake, common in June.
Cupido heteronea.    Schoonover Prairie, June 1st to 6th.
ii     fulla.    Okanagan Falls, Schoonover Mountain, common, May 20th, June 6th.
ii      ste.piolus.    Okanagan Falls, Schoonover Mountain, common, May 20th, June 6th.
Norniades antiacis.    Common everywhere in the valley, May and June.
ii        couperii.    Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
Phcedrotes sagittigera.    Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
Rusticus melissa.    Vaseaux Lake, June 10th to 15th.
ii        anna.     Vaseaux Lake, June 10th to 15th.
Cyaniris nigrescens.    Common in April and May, Okanagan Falls.
Everes comyntas.    Vaseaux Lake, May 20th.
Amblyscirtes vialis.    Common in May and June, Okanagan Falls.
Pamphila palcemon.     Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
Erynnis manitoba.    Vaseaux Lake, May 30th, Schoonover Mountain, June Sth.
Thymelicus cernes..   Schoonover Mountain, J une 3rd.
Thorybes pylades.     Okanagan Falls, June.
Pholisora catullus.    Okanagan Falls, Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
Thanaos icelus.    Vaseaux Lake, May 30th.
ii        persius.    Okanagan Falls, June 1st.
Hesperia ccespitalis.    Okanagan Falls, Schoonover Mountain, May7 and June.    Common.
HERTEROCERA (MOTHS) COLLECTED IN THF OKANAGAN VALLEY, 1913.
By E. M. Anderson and C. B. Garrett.
Lepisesia ulalume.    One rubbed specimen, Schoonover Mountain, June 3rd.
Marumba modesta.    Penticton, July Sth, one specimen.
Samia Columbia.    Okanagan Falls, June 10th, one specimen.
Scepsis cockleyi (?).    Penticton, June 28th, two taken at light.
Leptarctia californiata.     Okanagan Falls, common in April and early part of May.
Isia isabella.     Penticton, July 5th.
Apantesis achaia, var. ornata.   Vaseaux Lake, May 30th to June 10th.   Six specimens taken.
Androloma mac-cullochi.    Common at Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
Hadena cogitata.    Penticton, July 3rd.
Xylomiges simplex.    Okanagan Falls, common in May ; took five in orchard.
ii        pcrlubens. Okanagan Falls, common in May ; took five in orchard.
ii Candida     Okanagan Falls, common in May-; took five in orchard.
Grapiphora pacifica. Okanagan Falls, common in May ; took five in orchard.
Stretchia normalis.    Okanagan Falls, May 6th to Sth.
Xylina contenta.    Common on blossoms, May 6th.
Cucullia (?).    Okanagan Falls, May 1st to 5th, at light.
Rancora solidaginis.    Okanagan Falls, May Srd.
Orthosia crispa (?).    Okanagan Falls, May 5th.
Heliothis (?).    Vaseaux Lake, May 22nd, one specimen.
Drasteria erechtea.    Okanagan Falls, May Sth to 20th.
n crassiuscula.    Okanagan Falls, May 12th to 20th.
Euclidea cuspidea.    Okanagan Falls, May and June.    Common.
Nadata gibbosa.    Penticton, J une Sth, one specimen at light.
Gluphisia septentrionalis.    Okanagan Falls, April 28th, one specimen at light.
Euthyatira pudens.    Okanagan Falls, May 6th, one specimen at blossoms. G 18 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
GEOMETRIDtE (GEOMETERS) COLLECTED IN THE OKANAGAN VALLEY, 1913.
By E. M. Anderson and C. B. Garrett.
Tephroclystis (?).    Okanagan Falls, May 1st to 10th, at light.
Hydria undulata.    Okanagan Falls, April 27th.
Eois sideraria.    Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.    Common.
Lycia cognataria.    Penticton, July 6th to Sth.
Marmopteryx marmorata.    Okanagan Falls, May 4th.
Brephos infans.    Okanagan Falls, May 1st.
COLEOPTERA (BEETLES) COLLECTED IN THE OKANAGAN VALLEY, 1913.
By E. M. Anderson and C. B. Garrett.
The following is a list of beetles  collected in the Okanagan Valley.    A miscellaneous
collection of over 1,000 still awaits classification :—
Coccinella transversalis. Platynus subsericeus.
Comontis ovalis. Chalceins interuptus.
Corymbites fallax. Creophillus villosus.
Trogisita chloridea. Glerus sphegus.
Trichodes ornatus. Elodes cordata.
Didelonycha fulgida. Silpha lapponiea.
Saprinus lugens. Necrophorns melschemeri.
Lachnosterna errans. Melon montanus.
Cincindella oregona. Geoderces melanothrix.
ii           obliquata. Cleonus J/, lineata.
Haltica bimarginata. Rhagium lineatuna.
Chalcophaga angulicollis. Leptura Icetifica.
Podabrus comei. Ellychnia californica.
MAMMALS  COLLECTED  IN  THE  OKANAGAN   VALLEY, APRIL, MAY, AND
JUNE,  1913.
By E. M. Anderson.
(Note.—Species collected on the trip are marked with an asterisk.)
*Mule-deer (Cariacus macrotis, Rich.).
Found it common at Okanagan Falls in nearly all the foot-hills.    Male and female killed
at Shuttleworth Creek, June 15th.
Bighorn (Mountain-sheep), (Oris canadensis, Shaw).
Small herd of nine seen in the foot-hills at Shuttleworth Creek  in May.    Sheep are
protected in this district.    (No animals shot.)
*Flying-Squirrel (Sciuropterus volans sabrinus, Shaw).
One  specimen  taken  at  Shuttleworth  Creek,  May  10th ;   three  others  at  Schoonover
Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
*Squirrel (Seiurus hudsonius vancouvernesis, Allen).
Common everywhere in the valley.    Specimens taken at Penticton, April 8th ; Okanagan
Falls, April 15th to June 6th.
*Rocky Mountain Chipmunk (Tamias quadrivittatus, Say.).
Found it common at Okanagan Falls, April 20th, May 20th, and June 1st to Sth.   4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 19
^Mountain Ground-squirrel (Citellus oregonus Merr.).
Common at Okanagan Falls, May 28th; Schoonover Mountain, June 1st to 6th.
*Yellow-bellied Marmot (Marmota flaviventer, A. & B.).
Specimens taken at Okanagan Falls, April 15th, May 20th, and June 12th.    Common.
*Bushy-tailed Wood-rat (Neotoma cinerea columbiana, Elliot).
Okanagan Falls, May 6th; Schoonover Mountain, June Srd and Ith.
*Pocket-gopher (Thomonys douglasi fuscus Merr.).
Common.    Taken at Schoonover Mountain, June 3rd ; Penticton, June 26th to 30th.
*North-west Pocket-mouse (Peroganthus Lordi, Gray).
Penticton, April Sth; Okanagan Falls, May 11th to 30th ;   Schoonover Mountain, June
1st to 6th.
*Meadow-vole (Microtus ? sp.).
Two species found.    Common at Okanagan Falls, May and June.
*Varying Hare (Lepus Americanus washingtoni, Baird).
Common at Okanagan Falls.    Taken April 20th, May 10th and 22nd.
Black Bear (Ursus americanus, Pallas),
One seen at Vaseaux Lake, June 7th.
Skunk (Mephitis occidentalis, Baird).
One observed in field at Osoyoos Lake, May 23rd.
*Bat (Myotis yamanensis saturatus, Miller).
Taken at Vaseaux Lake, May 15th to 30th, June 14th.
Note.—Twenty-seven bats were taken at Vaseaux Lake.    Three species still remain to
be identified.    Also several rodents await classification.
Reptila.
*Pacific Terrapin (Glemmys marmorata, B. & G).
Common on all the lakes.    Taken at Vaseaux Lake, June Sth to 15th.
*Blue-tailed Lizard.
One taken at Dog Lake on road-cut, June 10th.
*Bull-snake (Gopher-snake), (Pituopophis catinifer desertieola, Stej.).
Common everywhere.    Okanagan Falls, April 12th, May 6th;  Vaseaux Lake, May 26th
and June 7th.
* Pacific Rattlesnake (Crotulus lucifer.).
Common at Okanagan Falls and Vaseaux Lake, May 3rd, 20th, 26th, June Sth and 10th.
*Blue Racer.
Okanagan Falls, May 28th;  Vaseaux Lake, May SOth and June 10th.     Common; the
swiftest of all snakes in the valley.
Note.—Twelve unidentified frogs and toads were taken at Okanagan Falls.
REPORT ON BIRDS COLLECTED AND OBSERVED DURING SEPTEMBER, 1913,
ON ATLIN LAKE, FROM ATLIN TO SOUTH END OF THE LAKE.
By F. Kermode and E. M. Anderson.
(Note.—Species collected on the trip are marked with an asterisk.)
*Holbcell's Grebe (Colymbus holboelli, Reinh.).
Atlin Lake, September 7th to 10th.    Common.
*Horned Grebe (Colymbus auritus, Linn.).
Atlin Lake, September 7th.    Not as plentiful as Holboell's grebe. G 20 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
Loon (Gavia immer, Brim.).
Seen on Atlin Lake, September 7th, 10th, and 19th.
*Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos, Linn.).
Atlin   Lake,   September   7th  to   20th.    Common.    Large  flock  seen  at  Pike   River,
September 9th.
*Green-winged Teal (Nettion earolinense, Gmel.).
One specimen taken in swamp, Atlin Lake, September 10th.
Shoveller (Spatula clypeata, Linn.).
Four observed on September 11th near Copper Island, Atlin Lake.
*Lesser Scaup-duck (Marila affinis, Eyton).
Female shot at Williams Creek, Atlin Lak3, September 18th.
*Golden-eye (Clangula clangula americana, Bonap.).
Female taken at Atlin Lake, September 10th.
Black-bellied Plover (Squatarola squatarola, Linn.).
Three birds seen on the lake-shore at Atlin, September 28th.
*Sooty-grouse (Dendragopus obscurus fuliginosus, Ridg.).
Female shot at Williams Creek, Atlin Lake, September 16th.
*Alaska Spruce-grouse (Canachites canadensis osgoodi, Bish.).
Common at Atlin.    Ten specimens collected, Pike River,  Atlin Lake, September 9th
to 25th.
*Gray Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus umbelloides, Doug.).
One specimen taken near Atlin, September 27th.
* Willow-ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus lagopus, Linn.).
Specimens taken at Blue Canyon, near Atlin, September 28th.
*Rock-ptarmigan (Lagopus rupestris rupestris, Gmel.).
Five  birds   shot   at   Blue   Canyon,   Atlin,   September   28th.    Both   willow   and    rock
ptarmigans were found in the same flock.
*White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus leucurus, Swains.).
One specimen at Pine River, Atlin Lake, September 10th.
*Marsh-hawk (Circus hudsonius, Linn.).
One specimen at Pine River, Atlin Lake, September 10th.
Bald Eagle (Halitetus leucocephalus leucocephalus, Linn.).
One bird observed on wing, Atlin Lake, September 8th.
*Desert Sparrow-hawk (Falco spctrverius phalama, Less.).
Immature   male   taken  at  Pike  River,   Atlin,   September   10th.    Three  others  seen,
September 15th and 18th, at Williams Creek, south end of Atlin Lake.
Dusky Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus saturatus, Ridg.).
One observed in camp at Williams Creek, Atlin, September 14th.
*Hawk-owl (Surnia ulula caparoch, Miiller).
Fairly common at south end of Lake Atlin.    Specimens taken, September Sth to 16th.
Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon, Linn.).
An occasional bird observed at Atlin Lake, September 9th to 20th.
*Alpine Three-toed Woodpecker (Picoides americamts dorsalis, Baird).
One specimen taken at Williams Creek, September 16th.
* Alaska Jay (Perisoreus canadensis fumifrons, Ridg.).
Common at Atlin.    Specimens collected at Pike River, September 7th, 10th, and 15th. Tsimshian  Chief's Crest-board, Nass River, B.C.
Kwakiutl,   Totem-pole,   Quatsino,   B.C.  4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 21
North-western Crow (Corvus caurinus, Baird).
Birds common at Atlin, September 1st to 29th.
Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus caroliuus, Muller).
One specimen seen near Baker Lake, September 19th.    Identity7 certain.
Hepburn's Rosy Finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis littoralis, Baird).
A flock of about fifteen birds seen near summit of mountain, south end of Atlin Lake,
near Moose River, September Sth.
Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia coronata, Pallas).
About a dozen birds were seen at Atlin, September 4th to 12th.
Slate-coloured Junco (Junco hyemalis hyemalis, Linn.).
Birds observed at Atlin, September 5th and Sth.
Bohemian Wax wing (Bombycilla garrula, Linn.).
Flock of about fifty seen at Pike River, Atlin Lake, September 10th.
Audubon's Warbler (Dendroica audaboni auduboni, J. K. Towns.).
Common at the south end of Atlin Lake, September 7th, Sth, and 14th.
Pipit (Anthus rubescens, Tunstall).
Common at Pike River, September 10th to 15th.
*Long-tailed Chickadee (Penthestes atricapillus septentrionalis, Harris).
Atlin, Williams Creek, September 10th.
*Hudsonian Chickadee (Penthestes hudsonicus hudsonicus, J. R. Forster).
Williams Creek, September 18th.    Two specimens taken.
Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi, Aud.).
One bird seen on the mountain-side, Atlin Lake, September 9th.
Robin (Planesticus migratorius migratorius, Linn.).
Atlin Lake, September 4th to 28th.
MAMMALS COLLECTED IN THE ATLIN DISTRICT, SEPTEMBER, 1913.
By F. Kermode and E. M. Anderson.
(Note.—Specimens collected on the trip are marked with an asterisk.)
*Mountain-goat (Oreamnos montanus, Ord.).
Three were observed from the lake on Cathedral Mountain, Atlin Lake, September 11th.
Male and female killed on mountain at Williams Creek, south end of Atlin Lake, September
14th and 15th.    Two others seen near the top of a high peak above Baker Lake.
*Red Squirrel (Sciurus hudsonius, Erx.).
Three collected at Moose River, Atlin, September 10th to 12th.
*Northern Chipmunk (Tctmmias quadrivittatus borealis, Allen).
One specimen taken at Pike River, Atlin, September 11th.
*Jumpimg-mouse (Zapus hudsonius, Zimm.).
Male taken at Moose River, Atlin, September 12th.
*Varying Hare (Lepus americanus, Erx.).
Three collected at Pike River, September 10th to 15th.    Common.
*Black Bear (Ursus americanus, Pallas).
Male killed near Pike River, September 12th.    Skin is dark brownish in colour.
*Bat (Myotis sp.).
Male and female taken at Moose River, September 11th. G 22
Provincial Museum Report.
1914
ACCESSIONS, 1913.
Jan.  8.     1 Mallard.
1 Lesser Scaup-duck.
2 American Scaup-duck.
1 Barrow's Golden-eye.
3 American Golden-eye.
4 Buffalo-head.
2 Killdeer Plover.
1 Black turnstone.
4 Hepburn's Leucosticte.
1 Snowflake.
1 Rat.
Collected at
Jan.
22.
,,
25.
„
29.
Feb.
3.
i:
5.
r.
ii
/.
ii
9.
ii
15.
ii
16.
n
17.
ii
17.
Marcl
i 10.
10.
II
17
11
17
,1
10
April
6.
ii
23
M
25
May
11
,,
17
ri
17
ii
17
il
19
II
3
H
24
June
14
ii
25
u
25
July
.5
M
17
il
17
II
26
Sept.
Oct.
1
I?
1.
,,
1.
Nov.
1.
11
1.
Dec.
4.
II
15.
Parksville, B.C., by E. M. Anderson.
1 Mourning-dove.    Presented by H. Dodd, Telegraph Creek, B.C.
Rib of a whale.    Found on Saturna Island, B.C.; presented by C. A. Lewis.
Reeve's Pheasant (male).    Presented by7 Dr. Brown, Nanaimo.
White-crested Cormorant, Sidney, B.C.    Presented by Mrs. Nicholson.
Raffish.    Presented by J. Lucas, Victoria.
Ev-ening Grosbeaks (male and female), Parksville, B.C.    Presented by G. H.
Petticrew.
Flying squirrels (4), Broadwater, B.C.    Presented by A. Campbell.
Trumpeter-swan, Qualicum, B.C.    Presented by J. Graham.
HolbcsH's Grebe (male).    Picked up on beach and presented by E. G. Kermode.
6 Willow-ptarmigan, Atlin, B.C.    Presented by Horace Fraser.
5 White-tailed Ptarmigan, Atlin, B.C.    Presented by Horace Fraser.
Barnacle, Esquimalt, B.C.    Presented by F. Saunders.
1 White-tailed Ptarmigan, Nicola, B.C.    A. B. Williams.
3 Mountain-goat heads, Bella Coola.    Purchased.
Mule-deer (whole skin).    C. B. Garrett, Cranbrook.
1 White-tailed Deer.    C. B. Garrett, Cranbrook.
1 White-tailed deer head.    C. B. Garrett, Cranbrook.
1 Sharp-tailed Grouse, Grande Prairie, B.C.    F. Kermode.
1 Varying Hare, Grande Prairie, B.C.,  F. Kermode.
Collection of African arrows.    H. W. Seaton-Karr.
Cassin's Purple Finch.    Presented by Junior Audubon Society, Nelson.
3 Sooty-grouse, Malahat, V.I.    F. Kermode.
Cray7fish.   Found in Colquitz Creek, Victoria, and presented by J. D. Anderson.
Crab, Victoria.    Presented by M. Cancellor.
North-west Coast Heron eggs, Saturna Island.    F. Kermode.
Crow's nest and eggs, Bare Island.     F. Kermode.
Starfishes, Bare Island.     F. Kermode.
2 Indian stone pestles.    Presented by J. McKay, Enderby.
2 Moose heads and scalps.    Purchased.
4 Stone's Sheep heads and scalps.    Purchased.
1 Albino Moose (whole skin), female.    Telegraph Creek, B.C.
1 Grizzly Bear, leg-bones and skull, Telegraph Creek, B.C.
2 Black Bear cubs.    Purchased at Bella Coola.
Fossils (Shells, etc.).    Presented by Miss Bonavia, Victoria.
Sea-lion.    Dr. C. F. Newcombe.
Sea-lions (2).    F. Kermode.
Land-otter skull, Mink Trap Bay, Pitt Island (caught in a trap).    Presented
by W. A. Newcombe.
Catfish.    Collected at Langford Lake.    E. M. Anderson.
3 Sunfish.    Collected at Langford Lake, E. M. Anderson.
Hairworm, Bella Coola.    Presented by E. R. A. Russell.
Skeletons of snake swallowing horned lizard.    R. H. Machen.
Moose-head.    Purchased at Atlin.
Fannin's Sheep head.    Purchased at Atlin.
2 Stone's Sheep head.    Purchased at Atlin.
Osborne's Caribou (male).    Purchased at Atlin.
Albatross-eggs.    Presented by Allan Ouston, Yokohama.
2 Black Rats.    Presented by Tatham and Dangerfield, Victoria.
Indian curios, carved-bone bark-knife, weaving-needle, etc., found in railway-
cutting three miles from Ashcroft.    Presented by C. Branson. 4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 23
ANTHROPOLOGY.
Report of C. F. Newcombe, M.D., for 1913.
138 Dallas Road,
Victoria, B.C., Dec. Slst, 1913.
F, Kermode, Esq.,
Director, Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to report that during the current year I have collected material
and data for the anthropological section from the following Indian villages, and from a few
private collections.
In the beginning of February I went over to Vancouver to look at a collection of Upper
Skeena curios, which I purchased, finding that the specimens would fill up one or two blanks
from that locality. On my return to Victoria I acquired another small collection of Nass
River material.
In the latter part of February I went to the following Lower Fraser villages : Upper
and Lower Sardis, Chilliwack, Chehalis, and Yale. Old material is very scarce in this locality.
I purchased two blankets (which were left to be decorated), a long river-canoe, and a number
of small articles and foods, and gave orders for models where necessary.
The first week in March was spent in Vancouver and vicinity, getting in touch with the
owners of some very interesting specimens. I succeeded in purchasing a collection containing
sixty-five specimens from the Yale District, and also a dozen of the rare Chilcotin baskets.
On March 18th I left for the Kwakiutl and Bella Coola Districts. On leaving the boat
at Alert Ray, I found the Indians in the middle of a large potlatch and far too occupied to
attend to me, so I went on to Hardy Bay and across to Quatsino. Here, among other things, I
purchased a fine inside pole, negotiations for which were opened last year.
From Quatsino I went back to Hardy Bay and took a steamer to Bella Coola. Here
were secured a set of nets, traps, boxes, strainers, etc., used in the oolachan industry, also a
number of masks and ceremonial objects. Then I took a short trip to Talio, South Bentinck
Arm, where two totem-poles and two grave-figures were purchased.
On the return trip from Bella Coola the steamer called in at Kimsquit, where I was lucky7
in getting a small shovel-nose canoe used in river navigation.
I left the steamer at Alert Bay, but, finding it impossible to do anything for a week, paid
a hurried visit to Victoria, arriving back in Alert Bay on April 16th, where I chartered a
gasolene-boat to run up Knight's Inlet. At Tsawadi, the village at the head of the inlet, I
found the three poles with the carved beam, which you had reported to me, too far gone to
purchase, but managed to secure one carving, as well as to open negotiations for others,
which were photographed. We called at Tlaoitsis on the way back, where a few masks and
ceremonial objects were purchased.
On my return to Alert Bay, I managed to uncover one or two specimens of particular
interest, the chief of which being the board sail which you now have. This is the first of its
kind secured by any museum to my knowledge.
On May7 1st I joined the sloop "Nymphe," Captain Spring, which arrived from Victoria
two days previously; the object being to gather information and inspect the haunts of sea-
lions, as well as to continue my7 collecting for the Museum.
On the way north we called at Fort Rupert, Nahwitte (where we purchased an inside
totem-pole), Namu, Bella Bella, China Hat, and the Tsimshian villages, Kitkatla, Metlakatla,
and Fort Simpson.    Specimens were secured at many of these places.
I spent the latter part of May on the Nass River, visiting Lakalzap, Gitex, Angidah,
Guineha, Ayansh, Kitladamix, and Kincolith, and, although many purchases were made, the
Indians would not part with any of their larger carvings except at exorbitant prices. We
secured photographs of nearly every totem-pole and many smaller objects.
On June 1st we crossed over to the Queen Charlotte Islands, making our first call at
Masset, where a large majority of the Indians were away. On cruising around the north and
west coasts of Graham Island we called in at the deserted villages, Ian, Kung, Yats, Kiusta,
and Chaatl, securing specimens at one or two places and photographing the totem-poles at all
the villages. G 24 Provincial Museum Report. 19 J 4
After having called at Skidegate, we worked our way south on the east side of Moresby
Island, but only stopped at Ninstints and Kaidsu while in southern waters. On crossing back
to the Mainland, a landing was not made until upon arriving at Bella Bella for supplies.
Continuing south, we called at the fishing camp on Goose Island, afterwards proceeding to
Namu, where you joined us ; and coming south by steamer to Victoria, after the visit to Pearl
Rocks, arriving home on June 28th.
The latter part of July was spent on the north and west coasts of Vancouver Island,
studying the habits of the sea-lions. Quatsino, Nootka, and Ucluelet were visited on the way-
south, but it was not possible to do any anthropological work, as all the Indians were away-
fishing at that time of the year.
In the middle of September I made a quick trip to Chilliwack and vicinity to pick up
material previously ordered, and through the kind aid of Mrs. Hulbert I was able to interest
certain Indians of the Lower Fraser in the gathering of desirable specimens during the winter
months.
In the early part of October I went north, and at Alert Bay made arrangements for
repairing and painting the pole bought at Tsawadi in the spring, and paid for the other four
poles for which negotiations had previously been opened.
Comox, Courtenay, and Nanaimo were also visited in October, but I could not get the
specimens required, as they were in private hands.
I finished the season's collecting with a trip to Alberni, where with Dr. Sapir, Anthropologist of the Geological Survey of Canada, I ordered models of certain implements formerly7
used by the West Coast Indians.
You already have my annotated list of specimens collected during the year.
I have, etc.,
C. F. Newcombe. Dance-masks of  the Kwakiutl  Tribe.  4 Geo. 5                           Provincial Museum Report.                                    G 25
LIST OF SPECIMENS COLLECTED BY C. F. NEWCOMBE, M.D, 1913.
Tsimshian.
Whistle of bone.                                                      Dog-eater's collar.
Puberty tube, bone.                                                Whistles (4).
Doctor's rattle.                                                           Doctor's wig of hair.
i       crown of claws.                                          Chief's blanket of cloth.
i                    it                                                   Hat disks.
i       apron with rattles of hoofs.                    Toys (2).
i       spirit-catcher, antler.                              Wooden spoons (4).
i       charm of leather.                                       Horn spoons (2).
i             ii     plumed feathers.                           Leather bag.
i       head ornament of eagle quills.               Bag of cedar bark.
i                  n                             ii                          Man's cap of skin.
i       leggings of cloth.                                                  n           n
i       charm, small canoe.                                   Mat of rabbit-skin.
i       head-dress.                                                  Mat of squirrel-skins.
Dog-eater's head-band.
Salish.
Vegetable food.                                                       Ball of wool.
ii                                                                      Stone cut for adze.
ii                                                                  Dishes (2).
ii                                                                  Adze.
ii                                                                      Snow-shoes.
Oolachan-net.                                                              Cradle.
Dish.                                                                         Basket.
Spoon.                                                                       Snow-shoes.
Paddles (2).                                                                 Canoe-mat.
Bailer.                                                                           Fish-basket.
Fish-knife.                                                                   Chilcotin baskets (12).
Kwakiutl.
Seal dish,                                                                     Box, inlaid opercula.
Dsonoqua dish.                                                               n    carved.
Haida.
Canoe.                                                                           Stone disk wampum (2).
Blankets (2).                                                               Copper  n
Box.                                                                               Soapstone pendants (2).
Pipe.                                                                             Knives or chisels, small (2).
Chisel.                                                                           Knife, broken.
Spear-head.                                                                  Soapstone objects (2).
Soapstone object.                                                        Nephrite block.
ii         bait (?).                                                      Stone disk.
Carved figures (4).                                                     Polished agate.
Stone hammers (3).                                                    Soapstone object.
Slate fish-knives (5).                                                  Nephrite knife, unfinished.
Stone war-club.                                                           Rope of cedar twigs.
Whetstone.                                                              Mat-creaser.
Pipes (2).                                                                      Spoon.
Chisels (10).                                                             Awl.
Spear-points (7).                                                         Skin.
Arrow-points (26). G 26                                    Prov
incial Museum Report.
1914
Kwakiult.
Slave-killers, Koskimo (2).
Rattles (2).
Masks (2).
Ladles (2).
Rigs for small fish (2).
Dishes (2).
Box with lid.
Baton.
Berry-dishes (3).
Scrapers, claws, and shells (2).
Berry-crusher.
Totem-pole.
V-shaped box.
Figure.
Ceremonial tongs (2).
Bella Coola Salish.
Oolachan-trap.
Strainer.
Digger.
Tongs.
Blanket of fur.
Basket for hot stones.
Fish-spear.
Clover-roots.
Cap.
Wedges (2).
Oil-box.
Oolachan-net.
Cradle of sticks.
Salmon-spear.
Mortar.
Dried berries.
Maul.
Bailer.
Canoe.
Paddle.
Kwakiutl.
Hammer-stones (2).
Crushing-stone.
Berry-frame.
Pile-driver.
Game-stone.
Adze.
Hammer for wedges.
Masks (9).
Chief's stick.
Neck-ring.
Blanket of goat's wool.
Blanket of cloth.
Totems (2).
Frame, slat.
Monuments, bear (2).
Bark-chopper.
Mask, sun.
Sun mask, Sisuitl and
man.
Chief's rattle.
Mask, Numasacumlis,
butterfly7 top.
Heligya's rattle.
ii      Gulukwiwi.
Mask, sun, of Sisuiltais.
n      Buquis.
Canoe-box.
ii      Nutlmatl.
ii          V-shaped.
ii       Dsonoqua.
ii          square ends.
Hammer-stone.
v
Baton.
Small box.
Maul, stone.
Chief's stick of yew.
Hammer-stone.
Chief's stick of yellow
cedar.
Canoe mending cleat (2).
Blanket.
Stone chisel.
Chief's seat.
Whistle in two pieces.
Net-sticks (2).
Board sail.
Small chisel.
Whale mask.
Canoe.
Wash-bowl.
Stone hammer.
Dip-net and sticks (3).
Tsimshian.
Fish-club.
Rattle.
Duitziq.
Totem-pole.
Figures (2).
Ladle.
Chisel.
Wedges (3).
Hand-hammer.
Spoon.
Maul.
Beaver-tooth in jar.
Mortar.
Spear-shaft.
Spear-point.
Stone hammers (3). 'iy
fe»y
w. .•;■;-■;■
>«-=:4S:Ssir-=,
VH
' ■•
-
Chilcotin  Baskets.  4 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Report.
G 2)
Tsimshian.—Concluded.
Dish.
Gambling-sticks.
Hammer-stone.
Horn spoon.
Charm-stone.
Doctor's stick.
Horn spoon.
Slate mirror.
Mortuary model.
Pestle.
Needle.
Horn spoon.
Stone hammer.
Needle and string.
Spoon, goat's horn.
Spoons (3).
Bark-stripper.
Stone adze.
Stone hammer.
Carver board.
Spoon.
Mortar, paint,  and brush.
Charm-stone.
Painted chest.
Doctor's box.
Wooden figure.
Doctor's      ii
ii bearskin charm.
it ii
Stone adze.
Face of amalite.
Tlingit basket.
Skin charms (2).
Pecten rattle.
Amalite.
Sinker.
Doctor's blanket.
ii beating-sticks.
ii box.
Carved board.
Hammer-stone.
Labret.
Stone adze (2).
Skin-scraper.
Frog carving.
Charm-stone.
ii       bone.
n       teeth.
Fasting-stones.
Stone charm.
Wooden spoons (2).
Hammer.
ii oblong with rounded ends.
ii ii squared ends.
Bark blanket.
Fighting-club.
Mask.
Spoons.
Bag of maple.
Arrow-points (2).
Mirror.
Basket of maple bark.
Doctor's weasel charm.
,, rattles (2).
H        crowns (2).
ii apron.
■ I rattle.
Gambling-sticks.
Charm-bones (3).
Spoon.
Mortars (2).
Spindle whorl.
Grease-skim mer.
Stone pestle
Box.
Face of amalite.
Mortar.
Adze (2).
Haida.
Slate totem-models (2).
Slate dish.
Sinker.
Oval stone.
Indian tea. G 28
Provincial Museum Report.
1914
Collection made by J. A. Teit from the Interior Tribes of
British Columbia,  1913.
Interior Salish (Ntlakyapamuk or Thompson River Tribe).
Riding-saddle of wood. Deer-skin floor or bed mat.
Floor or bed mat of rushes (3). Coiled basketry carrier.
Bags, woven of rushes and bark (3).
Rain-cloak of bark.
Baby-carrier of dressed skin.
Athapascan (Chilcotin Tribe).
Floor or bed mat of rushes and bark.
Man's head-band, loon-skin.
Rabbit-skin robe.
Interior Salish (Ntlakyapamuk).
Floor or bed mat.
Woman's cloak.
Short leggings, skin.
Head band or cap, bear-cub skin.
Cap of squirrel-skin.
Man's shoulder-sash, marmot-skin.
Boy's cap, squirrel-skin.
Note.—All the Ntlak. specimens are from the Nicola Valley, Spences Bridge, divisions
of the tribe.
Ntlak.   Tribe.
Cap of marmot-skin.
n       rabbit-skin.
ii      goat-skin.
ii       marmot and coyote skin.
Head-band of bark, etc.
Cap of hoary marmot-skin.
Apron, squirrel-skins.
Vest or poncho, skins.
n deer-skin.
ii coyote-skin.
Man's cap of coyote-head skins.
Bag of deer-skin.
ii       squirrel-skin.
ii      rabbit-skin.
ii       coyote-skin.
Resting-stick.
Soap-berry spoon.
Basketry spoon.
ii rattle.
Cedar-bark head-band.
Robe of bark.
Cape of bark.
Skirt of bark.
Pair leggings, bark.
Cap of bark.
Three wooden fish-hooks.
Lodge-mat, two goat-skins.
Woman's cap of squirrel-skins.
Trays of alderwood (2).
Poncho, deer-skin.
Large bark bag.
ii      basketry bag.
ii      burden basket.
Small
Baskets (3).
Fancy baskets (5).
Small trunk-shaped basket.
Oblong basket.
Fancy baskets (15).
Basketry tray.
(4).
Open-work basket.
Birch-bark baskets (6).
Netted carrying-bag.
Mat of bark.
Bag of bark.
"       pleated bark.
Rawhide bag.
Bark bag.
Woman's cap of bark (2).
Handle of root-digger.
Man's cap, deer-skin.
Poncho of coyote-skin.
Bag of bark. 4 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Report.
G 29
PUBLICATIONS OF OTHER INSTITUTIONS RECEIVED, 1913.
Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum.
Ex. Proceedings, Vol.
Misc. Collection,
U.S. Nat. Herbarium,
Ex. Proceedings,
U.S. Nat. Herbarium,
Ex. Proceedings,
tt
Misc. Collection,
Ex. Proceedings,
Misc. Collection,
46,
46,
61,
16,
44,
16,
No.
Pt.
No.
Pt.
44, No.
44, „
60, „
44, „
60, „
60, i,
44, „
61, .,
Ex. Proceedings,
Misc. Collection,
Opinions 1 to 25—Int. Com. Zool. Nomenclature.
ii      26  ,i  29—        i, „
30 i, 37—
ii      38 ii 51—■        ii ii
Ex. Proceedings,
2013—Bats of Genus Molossus.
2014—Pleistocene Cave, Maryland.
13—New Antelopes, etc., Br. East Africa.
12—Monographs, Tribes of the Onogracese.
1959—Sipunculids, North America.
7—Studies in Cactacese, 1.
1965—Synopsis of American Minks.
1967—New sp. Actinian, g. Edwardsiella, S. Calif.
28—New Vole, Eastern Mongolia.
1950—Crustacean Parasites, W. Indian Fishes.
27—Extinct American Eland.
26—Pleistocene Camel, North of Arctic Circle.
1946—Medusae and Siphnonophorse, Pacific O.
2—Skull Extinct Horse, Central Alaska.
Misc. Collection,
Ex. Proceedings,
U.S. Herbarium,
Bulletin 81—Synopsis
Ex. Proceedings,
U.S. Herbarium,
Ex. Proceedings,
Vol. 45, No. 1998-
45, i, 1995-
61,   „ 5-
44, „ 1971-
44, ii 1973-
44, „ 1975-
44, „ 1969-
17, Pt.        3-
of the Rotatoria.
Vol. 45, No. 1985-
Misc. Collection,
ii
ii
Ex. Proceedings,
45, i,
45, i,
45, „
45, „
44, „
17, Pt.
17, H
16, „
1989-
1990-
1993-
2000-
1955-
1-
2_
9-
45, No. 1978-
45,
45,
45,
45,
41,
45,
45,
46,
61,
61,
61,
46,
40,
1982-
1983-
2002-
1996-
1879-
1976-
2007-
2026-
1-
17-
19-
2009-
2006-
-Amphipods, Pribilof Is., new sp.
-Isopod, Genus Ichthy7oxenus herklots, Japan.
-New Dinosaur, Wyoming.
-New sp. Crabs of the Family Octypodidfe.
-New Textularidse, etc., Philippine I.
-Zeuglodon Skeleton, mounted.
-Fossil Horses, four new sp.
-Mexican Grasses.
-Silurian Fossils, Washington Co.
-Simple Ascidians, N.W. Pacific.
-Mammals, Altai Mts., 1912.
-New Land Shells, Philippine I.
-Two Fossil Insects, Florissant, Colo.
-Fossil Insects, Florrisant, Colo.
-Lichen Flora of S. California.
-Tropical American Ferns, No. 4.
-Genus Epiphyllum and its Allies.
-Giant sp. Molluscan, g. Lima, Philippines.
-Fossil Coleopters, Florissant, Colo.
-Philippine Molusks, g. Dimya.
-Diagnoses of New Shells, Pacific O.
-Some New Hawaiian Cephalopods.
-Osseous and Horny Tissues.
-Treeshrews.
-Beaked Whale, North Carolina.
-Crinoid, g. Himerometra.
-White Rhinoceros.
-New Races of Ungulates, xlfriea.
-New Races of Carnivores, Africa.
-Fossil Crinoids.
-Mollusks, Bahama Islands.
United States Department of Agriculture.
Bull. No. 22—Game Laws for 1913.
Biol. Survey, No. 35—N. A. Fauna: New Mexico.
Farmers' Bull. No. 525—Raising Guinea-pigs. G 30
Provincial Museum Report.
1914
Biol. Survey, Circular No. 92—Protection of Birds,
n ii ii    93—Protection of Birds.
Farmers' Bull. No. 513—Fifty Common Birds of Farm and Orchard.
Biol. Survey, Bull. 45—North American Herons and their Allies.
Dominion Government Publications.
Memoir No. 35,  Geol.  Survey—Reconnaissance along the Transcontinental Railway in
Southern Quebec.
ii        ii     17  E—Larder Lake District, Ontario.
Bull.        ii     16, Dep. of Agric.—Health of Animals Branch: Warble Flies.
Memoir   u    37, Geol. Survey—Atlin District.
Brooklyn Institute.
Report for the year 1912.
California Academy- of Sciences.
Proceedings, Vol. Ill, pp. 187-258—Reptiles and Amphibians of China, Japan, etc.
ii n 1,    .1   431-446—Expedition to Galapagos Islands, 1905-6.
University of California.
Zoology, Vol. 11, No.
11,
11/
10,
10,
11,
11,
12,
12,
13,
6—Pycnognida from California.
5—Sagita, San Diego Region.
4—Control of Pigment Formation in Amphibian Larvse.
9—Mammalian g. Sorex, West Central California.
10—Birds and Mammals, San Jacinto Area, Southern California.
9—California Schizopoda.
10—Copepoda of San Diego Region.
1—Geese of the San Jacinto Valley, California.
2—California Pocket-gopher.
3—Reptiles of the San Jacinto Area, Southern California.
Detroit Museum of Art.
Bulletin, Vol. VII., No.
ii    VII,    „
Annual Report, 1912.
i,     .       „      1913.
Bulletin, July, 1913.
April, 1913.
October, 1913.
Annual report for 1913.
Pennsylvania Museum.
University of Pennsylvania.
Museum Journal, Vol. III., No. 4—December, 1912.
■I    IV,    „    1—March, 1913.     ■
„    IV,    „    2—June, 1913.
ii ii ii    IV,    n    3—September, 1913.
Manchester Museum.
Pub. No. 74—Report, 1912-13.
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station.
Circular 129—Sweet Clover.
H      130—Tree-planting on School Grounds.
ii      132—Soybeans.
ii      133—Apple-diseases in Ohio. 4 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. G 31
Circular 134—Care of Cream.
ii       137—Grasshoppers.
Bulletin 241—County Experiment Farms in Ohio.
242—Forage Crops for Swine.
243—Fertilizers on Wheat.
244—Sweet Clover.
245—Fattening Lambs.
246—Barnyard Manure.
247—Nitrogen and Mineral Constituents of Alfalfa.
250—Some Ohio Birds.
251—Wheat-leaf Miner.
248—Spraying Machinery.
253—Insect Pests of the Household.
256—Miami County Experimental Farm.
252—Early Cabbage.
257—Oats.
258—Paulding County Experimental Farm.
Field Museum.
Zool. Series, Pub. 168, Vol.   X, No. 9—New Peruvian Mammals.
ii ii    166,    ii      X,    ii   8—New Species Fishes from Panama.
ii ii     163,    ii      X,    ii    7—New Fishes from Costa Rica.
H    161,    n  VII,    „ 13—Contents and Index, Vol. VII, Nos. 1-12.
Report Series, Pub. 165—Annual Report for 1912.
Anthrop. n 162, Vol.   XII, No. 1—Chinese Pottery.
ii ii ii     XIII,    n    1—Turquois in the East.
American Museum of Natural History.
Ex. from Bull, Vol. XXXII, Art.     XXIV.—Mammals of Korea.
i, H    XXXII,     ,, I.—Mammals Northern Malheur Co, Ore.
ii    XXXII,     „    XXXIX.—S. American Muridas.
,i    XXXII,    „    XXXVL—American Mudidse.
Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station.
Vol. XIII, No. 4—Practical Value of Birds.
Bull. 186, May, 1913—Fixation of Nitrogen in Colorado Soils.
Wagner Free Institute of Science.
Annual Announcement, 1913-14.
Transactions, Vol. VII.—July, 1913.
Miscellaneous Publications.
New Jersey Ag. Exp. Sta.—Report of Entomological Department, 1911.
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburg—16th Annual Report, 1913.
Kingdom Papers, No. 13—British Protection, Behring Sea Seizures.
ii ii ii     15—Permanent Naval Policy.
ii n ii     16—Canning Policy or Monroe Policy.
Cincinnati Museum—Annual Exhibition American Art, 1913.
H 17th Annual Exhibition of the Society of Western Artists, 1913.
ii Catalogue, 17th Exhibition of the Society of Western Artists, 1913.
M 32d Annual Report.
Michigan Academy of Science—Reprint, Lepidoptera.
The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia—Proceedings, 1910, 1911, 1912.
Royal Society of Canada—Bibliography of Canadian Geology.
Reprint from Geographic Magazine—Monarch of the Canadian Rockies, Walcott.
Drexel Institute—Prospectus of Library School.
City Art Museum, St. Louis—18th Annual Exhibition of Water Colours.
ii ii Paintings owned in St. Louis. G 32 Provincial Museum Report. 1914
City Art Museum, St. Louis—8th Annual Exhibition American Paintings.
Annual Report, 1910, 1911, 1912.
n ii 7th Annual Exhibition.
ii ii Philip Little Paintings.
Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts—Report, 1913-14.
Bristol Museum—Report, 1913.
University of Michigan—Vol. XV, No. 9 : Zoology.
Portland Art Association—Report, 1913.
Art School—Report, 1913.
Revised List of Birds of Central N.Y, by Frank R. Rathbun.
Grand Rapids Public Library—Report, 1911.
N.Y. Zoological Society—Bulletin, 191,3.
Museum of Fine Arts—Egyptian Acquisitions.
Oakland Free Library—Report, 1913.
On " Tick Paralysis," by Seymour Hawden, D.V.Sc.
"The Collector," N.Y, Nov, 1913.
Syracuse Museum—Report, Sept, 1913.
Charleston Museum—Birds of South Carolina.
ii n        —Mollusca of South Carolina.
Royal Scottish Museum—Guide to Collection of Egyptian Antiquities.
ii H Guide to Scottish Geology.
ii n Guide, Livingstone Centenary Exhib.
ii H Report for 1912.
The Commercial Museum, Philadelphia—Handbooks to the Exhibits.
U.S. State Board of Agriculture—Massachusetts Annual Report, 1912.
Proceedings of American Assn. of Museums, Vol. VII, 1913.
John Crearer Library—Handbook, 1913.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by William H. Ci'li.in, Printer to the Kind's Most Excellent Majesty.
1914. Glacier,   south  end  of  Atlin   Lake,   B.C.

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