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Printed by William H. CullicN, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,
1919.  To His Honour Sir Frank Stillman Barnard, K.C.M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits the Annual Report of the Provincial
Museum of Natural History for the year 1918.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, March 7th, 1919. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., March 7th, 1919.
The Honourable J. D. MacLean, M.D.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural
History, to lay before you the Keport for the year ending December 31st, 1918,
covering the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
Since the last Annual Report, although no actual field-work was undertaken, a great deal
of time was devoted to the study collection in going through the specimens which have been
collected from time to time and are stored in the annex. All the specimens have been rearranged,
labelled, and listed, so as to make them more accessible to those who wish to consult them in
the several branches of natural sciences.
In this building, which is not in any way fire-proof, is stored a very large and valuable
collection of anthropological material, which, if it were to be destroyed by fire, would be
impossible to duplicate; this also applies to a large number of totem-poles in the basement
under this building. The older people of the aboriginal races of this Province are fast disappearing, and as the younger people do not appear to have any interest in the work done by their
forefa thers, it will be only a short time at the longest when all the old wood-carvings will be
a thing of the past; although without doubt, in many portions of the Province, archaeological
specimens of the stone age may be unearthed in the vicinity of some of their old camp-sites.
This building also contains the Museum study series of bird-skins, numbering over 4,500
specimens. A number of the leading museums and ornithologists make application for the loan
of specimens from time to time for comparison in determining species and subspecies, also for
working out the distribution and migration of birds on this continent. The same applies to
the mammal study collection, numbering nearly 1,500 specimens.
There is no way of accurately recording the number of visitors who visit the Museum during
the year, as a large number of people, including children and Orientals, do not sign their names;
however, a glance at the register shows that the average attendance is maintained, as over
30,500 persons having recorded their names in the book which is placed in the entrance-hall for
that purpose.
It will be seen from the report on the Botanical section, written by Mr. W. R. Carter,
Assistant Biologist, that Professor John Macoun, of Sidney, B.C.; J. M. Macoun, C.M.G., Chief
of the Biological Division, Ottawa; Dr. C. F. Newcombe, Victoria; and others have still maintained their friendly interest in the Provincial Herbarium, by presenting specimens to fill in
the gaps, principally of the Vancouver Island flora, and as Director I am pleased to say that
in the Herbarium to-day there is to be found almost every plant and flowering shrub that is to
be found on or recorded from Vancouver Island.
A large number of the specimens that were added this year to the Herbarium had been
collected by Mr. W. R. Carter before he was appointed to the staff of the Provincial Museum.
Mr. E. H. Blackmore has continued to carry on the systematic work in the Entomological
section; this work is done by Mr. Blackmore gratuitously, and he has written considerable
material of interest to entomologists in this report, giving descriptions of new and rare specimens
recently described or found in this Province.
A great deal of the time of the Director has been taken up with game matters during the
year. I was instructed by the Attorney-General's Department to go over to Vancouver in the
latter part of March, and take over the Game Department temporarily before it was handed over
to the administration of the Provincial Police. This necessitated the Director being in Vancouver a considerable time each week until the offices were transferred to Victoria. The Director
was also made Secretary of the Game Conservation Board by Statute, and has to give considerable of his time to that work, which is under the administration of the Honourable Attorney-
General's Department.
The Director hopes that, if funds will permit this year, to carry on more scientific research
in the field, so as to fulfil the object of the Provincial Museum.
Very little anthropological material was secured during the year; several small collections
were offered to the Department for purchase, but owing to the fact that the appropriation was so
limited and the strictest economy was to he exercised, it was thought advisable not to make
any of these purchases at present.   However, several good specimens of stone pestles (Nos. 313S T 6 British Columbia. 1919
and 3139), also stone chisels (Nos. 3140, 3141, and 3142) and spear-points (Nos. 3143 to 3147),
were collected many years ago at Port Haney, and presented by Mr. Hector Ferguson, of Vancouver, B.C., to the Provincial Museum. These specimens had been sent to the Provincial Library
by mistake some time ago ; however, they were finally located and transferred to this Department.
By E. H. Blackmore.
Very little field-work has been done during the past season, but some of the material taken
by the Museum collectors during the past three years has been further worked over and many
interesting facts brought to light. We have kept in touch with several of the collectors in various
parts of the Province, and have obtained some new records, together with an added knowledge
of the distribution of many of our species, the results of which are embodied in the following
The weather conditions were vastly different to those of the previous seasons; during the
last three weeks in April of this year (1918) we had a continuation of bright sunshine with a
temperature far above the average, which brought about the emergence of many species far in
advance of their normal times of appearance. Amongst the Geornetridre this was especially
noticeable, as in many cases they were from four to six weeks earlier than usual; in one case,
Cosymbria lumenaria, a difference of two months, a specimen being taken in fine condition on
April 27th in the Lower Fraser Valley. My earliest previous record of this species is June 15th,
1915, that particular year being rather an early one. It is generally taken from the first to the
middle of July. *
In August we had a very wet month (I am now referring to Vancouver Island and the
Lower Fraser Valley), which is very unusual, as that month is practically the hottest and driest
of the whole year. A very noticeable feature of the past summer was the prevalence of high
winds for continued periods, a factor which militates greatly against the collection of specimens,
especially of diurnals and geometers who will not attempt to fly in the face of a strong wind.
One of the outstanding features of the season in this district was the remarkable scarcity
of noctuids, this being the poorest season by far, for many years, from a'collecting point of view,
although in the Interior conditions did not seem quite so bad.
The damage done by cutworms this year was very light as compared with the two previous
seasons; this was rather to be expected, as the season following a particularly heavy outbreak
is generally comparatively light, owing to the heavy increase of parasitism amongst the larvse
and pupa;, thus enabling nature to restore her balance.
Unfortunately, to offset this, there was a very heavy infestation of the forest tent-caterpillar
(Malacosoma pluvialis Dyar) ; in fact, the heaviest infestation we have had for many years.
In normal years they confine themselves to the trees and bushes on vacant lots and on the roadside, but this year they were in such numbers that they attacked everything in sight, invading
gardens and orchards and defoliating all kinds of fruit and shade trees. Wherever one went
their ugly, unsightly webs were in evidence. A remarkable feature of the late summer was the
presence all over the Province in large numbers of Aglais califomica Bdv. (the tortoise-shell
butterfly). This butterfly occurs regularly in certain sections of the Province, but I do not
think that it has ever been so abundant and reported from so many widely separated localities.
Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector of Indian Orchards, reported it from Fort George right
through to Stuart Lake, all through the Cariboo and Chilcotin Districts down to Lillooet. In a
letter under date of August 6th, Mr. A. W. Phair, who is a resident of the latter locality, says
in part: " There is a very interesting outbreak here of what I take to be Vanessa californica.
It is working at about 4,000 feet on a shrub with a heavy laurel-like leaf. The outbreak extends
at least fifty miles in a straight line. The shrubs are all eaten off and one little branch would
have about a hundred caterpillars on it."
Mr. Phair sent me some twenty pupse, which emerged the day of their arrival, and it is
curious to note that they are all about one-third less in size than the average, and, although
I have specimens from all parts of the Province* these are the only dwarf ones I have seen. It
may be the altitude, or, what to my mind is more probable, there was such an enormous number
of them that they did not get sufficient food to eat, and consequently transformed into pupa? in
a somewhat stunted state, which was reflected in the smaller size of the imagines. They also
occurred from Cranbrook in the east, through the Keremeos District, down the valley of the 9 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. T 7
Lower Fraser, and all over Vancouver Island, quite a number appearing in Victoria, even
invading the houses. This is the first time I have seen this species in this city during my
eight years' residence here.
Another insect which was extremely prevalent throughout the same general localities as
the one just mentioned was a noctuid moth (Autographa californica Edw.) commonly known
as the alfalfa-looper. It is widely distributed in Western North America, but was only known
as a pest in Canada since 1914, when a very severe outbreak occurred in this Province. It was
so abundant that summer on Vancouver Island that wherever one went a score or more would
fly up out of the grass at nearly every step one took. It belongs to one of the few groups of
noctuid moths which fly in the daytime, and it is also attracted to certain flowers about sundown.
An important discovery of what may prove to be a serious pest was made by Mr. W. B.
Anderson at Chase, B.C., in the early part of August, where one of the tussock-moths (Hemero-
campa vetusta gulosa Hy. Edw.) was found to be devastating the Douglas fir. Further notes on
this moth will be found under the heading of " Illustrated Lepidoptera."
Another interesting and important discovery, especially from an economic aspect, was the
finding of the apple-maggot fly at Royal Oak, B.C., by Mr. W. Downes, Field Officer, Entomological Branch, Dominion Department of Agriculture, who is in charge of the A^ancouver Island
District. It has been identified by Dr. J. M. Aldrich as Rhagoletis pomonella. The only previous
record of this fly in British Columbia is two specimens taken by Mr. R. C. Treherne at Penticton,
B.C., on July 26th, 1916. Mr. Downes has also discovered that the host-plant is the common
snowberry (Symphoricarpus racemosua) and has bred a number of flies from it. In Eastern
Canada it is one of the worst of the fruit pests, but so far no signs of its attacking the apple in
British Columbia have Been observed.
Rare and Uncommon Insects taken in British Columbia during 1918.
In continuing this section, as was proposed in last year's report, we would like to impress
upon the entomologists of this Province, especially those residing in the more outlying districts,
the necessity of sending in records of their important captures, accompanied by full data, by
December 31st of each year. It is only by this means that we shall get a fuller knowledge of
our British Columbia species and their distribution, a knowledge which is most essential both
from an economic and a taxoiiomic standpoint.
Victoria.—Although, as stated previously, the season was a poor one for noctuids generally,
the writer has been fortunate in picking up a few species of more than passing interest.
A male specimen of Apantcsis ornata complicata Wlk. was taken on June 16th. This pretty
tiger-moth occurs regularly, but is very uncommon; three specimens in any one year in this
district is the most that I have any record of.
On April 12th I took one specimen each of Xylomyges rubrica Harv. and X. perlubens Grt.,
at rest on an electric-light pole. These are the first records I have of these two species occurring
in Victoria.
In Vancouver rubrica occurs regularly with pulchella, although much less common. Perlubens
is plentiful at cherry-blossoms in some districts on the Mainland.
A specimen of Trachea impulsa Gue. was taken at light on July 6th, which is also a new
record for this district; it has previously been recorded from Kaslo. Another new record for
this district is Autographa metallica Grt., a specimen of which I took on June 21st; it occurs
at Agassiz and in the Kettle Valley District. Other rare noctuids taken were Polia variolata Sm.
and Septis plutonia Grt.
Amongst the Geonietridte it is interesting to note that two specimens of Diaetinia silaceata
albolineata Pack, were taken here for the first time, although I have taken it at points farther
up the Island. One specimen was taken on April 30th in fine condition on a store window, and
the other at rest on a fence on July 24th, thus indicating that it is double-brooded. Two specimens of Hydriomena edenata grandis B. & McD. were taken on electric-light poles on March 16th.
They were both females, but could not be induced to lay eggs. This species is rather scarce here,
although it is much more plentiful at Duncan, forty miles north of here.
Mr. W. Downes, of Oak Bay, took a nice specimen of Polia restora Sm. on August 3rd. This
also occurs regular, but not more than one or two seem to be captured in any one year. He also
took a specimen of that pretty little noctuid, Sarrothripus revayana columbiana Hy. Edw., on
April Sth.    This species seems exceedingly rare.    Mr. Downes also took a geometer not previously T 8 British Columbia. •     1919
recorded from Victoria—viz., Enphyiia luctuata Schiff—on June 14th; also another specimen of
Eupithecia borealis Hulst., the first records for British Columbia of this species being mentioned
in last year's Museum Report, page 12.
Mr. W. B. Anderson whilst collecting noctuids at light took a nice specimen of the peach-
blossom moth (Euthyatira pudens Gue.). This is an exceedingly rare moth in this district.
Pie also took a short series of Hydriomena crolceri Swett on April 29th. This geometer is as a
rule very uncommon and is extremely local. I do not know of any other locality in British
Columbia where it has been taken, and even here it seems to be restricted to one section of the
city. The same collector took a single specimen of Erannis vancouverensis Hulst. on November
30th.    This is the first record since I took a solitary specimen here on November 22nd, 1914.
Mr. W. R. Carter, Assistant Biologist of the Provincial Museum, took a fine specimen of that
uncommon noctuid, Rhynehagrotis niger Sm, on July 15th; also a specimen of Autographa
rectangulata Kirby, which is a new record for this district. In the Report of the Provincial
Museum, 1917, p. 12, mention was made of the taking of a specimen of Neptyia phantasmaria
Streck, which, together with one other, were the only known records from Victoria. It is
interesting to note that Mr. Carter took a specimen on September 16th in Beacon. Hill Park;
from that time on he visited the park daily, with the result that up to October 3rd he had takeii
twenty-six specimens (twenty-four males and two females). It has evidently started to breed
here, and as it is a pine-feeder there is no doubt but what it will become established here from
now on.
My theory is that odd specimens come over on the boats from Vancouver, where it is
extremely common in September. They are probably attracted by the bright lights of the ship
at night at Vancouver, and settle on some portion of the rigging, flying off the next morning in
Victoria, as all specimens found have been in the immediate vicinity of the sea-shore.
Goldstream.—On July 3rd the writer took a trip up Mount MacDonald, one of the mountains
to the south of Goldstream, and was fortunate enough to take a couple of male specimens of
Plebeins melissa Edw., a rather rare butterfly on Vancouver Island. I was pleased to take this,
as it had been eliminated from the 1906 Check-list of B.C. Lepidoptera, and I Was rather
undecided as to its inclusion in a new Check-list which is in preparation.
On another trip on July Sth to Mount Braden, which is west of Goldstream, I took a geometer
which at first sight seemed new to me, but later I recognized it as Stamnoctenis morrisata Hulst.,
the first specimen of which was taken at Duncan last year (vide Report Provincial Museum,
1917, p. 13). I went again on July Sth to the same place and succeeded in taking another one,
but an extended search failed to reveal any more specimens. Both of them were males and in
fine condition.
Mr. A. W. Hanham, of Duncan, also took two at light and Mr. G. O. Day took one at Maple
Bay, so the species looks like it was going to become established.
Other Heterocera of interest taken by the writer at Goldstream were Autographa mappa
G. & R.; A. corusea Streck ;  Enypia packardata Tayl.;  and Hyperetis trianguliferata Pack.
Vernon.—Mr. W. Downes took a specimen of Pieris beclceri Edw. on September 30th. This
butterfly seems very uncomomn and is rare in British Columbia collections. He also took a flue
specimen on May 24th of Acronycta mansueta Em., a rather rare noctuid, and a specimen of
Xanthorhw ferrugata on the same date, a geometrid which is not at all common.
Mr. M. Ruhman captured on April 26th one of our rarest arctids—Phragmatobia fuliginosa
borealis Staud. To my knowledge there have been only three specimens taken in British Columbia—the one just mentioned, one takeii by the late Captain R. V. Harvey at Vancouver on April
23rd, 1907, and one taken at Alberni, V.I., by Mr. W. R. Carter in May, 1915.
Kaslo.—Mr. J. W. Cockle has taken a specimen of Macaria purcellata Taylor, which is the
first that has turned up since the types were taken; he has also taken M. minorata incolorata
Dyar., which is a very rare geometer and was described from Kaslo in 1904.
The following twelve insects have been described as new to science during the year 1918.
They comprise four species of Lepidoptera, three species of Hymenoptera, and five species of
Diptera. 9 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. T 9
In Cont. Lept. No. Amer., Vol. IV., No. 2, p. 137, May, 1918, Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough
describe a new geometrid under the name of Eustroma fasciata, from Ketchikan, Alaska, and
Cowichan Lake, Vancouver Island, B.C. The types are one male and three females, one of the
females being taken in June at Cowichan Lake. This new species is closely allied to E. nubilata
Pack, which is fairly common throughout the Province, especially the second brood in the early
fall. The chief distinguishing features are that in fascita the antemedian white band has much
more regular edges and is less bent in at the costa, also that there is no trace of any yellow
Hydriomena macdunnoughi Swett is described in the Can. Ent., Vol. L., No. 9, p. 296,
September, 1918, from specimens taken at Atlin, B.C., on June 11th, 1914, by Mr. E. M. Anderson.
This new species bears a close superficial resemblance to H. ruberata Frey., but differs materially
in the male genitalia. In the 1906 Check-list of British Columbia Lepidoptera, ruberata was
erroneously listed as occurring at Kaslo; we have no authentic records of the occurrence of this
species iii any part of British Columbia.
In the Can. Ent., Vol. L., No. 7, p. 231 et seq., Annette F. Brawn describes several new species
of Microlepidoptera, two of which are described from Field, B.C. One of them belongs to the
family Yponomeutida? and is named Stvammerdamia cuprescens. - Four species were bred from
larva; feeding from birch; they are gregarious and live in webs, pupating in August and appearing the following May. Larvse were also taken at Glacier, B.C., feeding on alder, but for some
reason or other failed to reach maturity. It is a close ally of the European S. heroldella, which
is also a birch-feeder. The other one belongs to the family Gracilariidoe and is called Ornix
spirwifoliella. This species is a leaf-miner and feeds on the under-side of the leaves of Spirea
sp.; this also pupates in the fall and emerges in the following spring.
The Ottawa Naturalist, Vol. XXXII., No. 4, p. 71, October 1918, contains a key to the species
of the genus Vespa, occurring in Canada, by F. W. L. Sladen. In the course of his paper he
describes four new forms, three of which occur in Canada and one in Alaska. The three
occurring in Canada also occur in British Columbia and are as follows:—
(1.) Vespa norvegicoides, which has a range from Nova Scotia to British Columbia. It is
closely related to diabetica Saus., which is our commonest wasp, and differs from it, amongst
other minor details, by the yellow band on segment, one being narrower and uninterrupted; by
the male antenna; being black beneath instead of testaceous; and by the hairs being longer and
less dense.
(2.) Vespa acadica, recorded from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and British
•Columbia; the specific localities for British Columbia being given as Kaslo and Victoria. This
species makes an aerial nest and is near to vidua Saus., which occurs only in Ontario, as far
as Canada is concerned.
(3.) Vespa atropilosa, described from one female and many workers. The female was taken
at Lethbridge, Alta., while the workers or neuters were all taken in British Columbia, specific
localities recorded being Vernon, Okanagan Landing, and Keremeos.
It is interesting to note that, out of eleven species of wasps known to occur in Canada, as
many as eight of them are taken in British Columbia; these are enumerated in the following
list :—
Vespa maculata Linn.   This is the well-known " black hornet," which makes an aerial nest.
V. diabolica Saus. This species is found in Southern British Columbia up to an altitude of
5,000 feet.
V. norvegicoides Sladen.
V. arctica Rohw. ( = borealis Lewis).    Parasitic in nests of V. diabolica.
V. occidentalis Cr.
V. austriaia Pz. This a parasitic species and so far has only been recorded in this Province
from Kaslo, in mid-July.
V. acadia Sladen.
V. atropilosa Sladen. T 10 British Columbia. 1919
In the Annals of the Ent. Socy. of America, Vol. XL, No. 4, December, 1918, Mr. F. W. Pettey
gives " A revision of the genus Sciara of the family Mycetophilidoe. In the course of his
revision he describes some thirty new species from North America, two of which are from British
Columbia. The first is Neosicara lobosa, described from one male collected at Carbonate, B.C.,
by a Mr. J. C. Bradley in July, 1908, at an altitude of 2,600 feet. Carbonate is situated about
twenty miles south-east of Golden.
The other is Xeosciara ovata, described from one male taken at Howser, B.C., by Mr. Bradley
on June 22nd, 1905. Howser is situated on the Lardeau River about thirty-five miles north of
Kaslo. It would be as well to state here that Neosciara is a new genus erected by Mr. Pettey,
to include those species which have no seta; on the cubitus and media, and which would formerly
have been placed under the old genus Sciara, which have seta; on these veins.
Two species of the genus Drapetis, belonging to the family Empididse, are described by
A. L. Melander in the Annals of Ent. Socy. Amer., Vol. XL, No. 2, June, 1918. The first is
Drapetis aliternigra, which is very widely distributed, it being found in New York, Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, and British Columbia. The second is Drapetis infumata,
described from two specimens, the type specimen being taken at Nelson, B.C., on July 17th, 1910,
and the paratype at Priest Lake,'Idaho, on August 1st, 1915.
Sarcophaga vancouverensis Parker is described in the Can. Ent., Vol. L., No. 4, p. 122, April,
1918. This new species was described from eight specimens (seven males and one female) taken
by Mr. R. S. Sherman on Savary Island, B.C., and at Vancouver, B.C., on various dates from
May 12th to July Srd, 1916.
We extend our congratulations to Mr. Sherman on his discovery of a new species, as he has
done so much to advance our knowledge of the dipterous fauna of this Province.
We would like to mention an article written by Dr. A. E. Cameron (who was Dominion
Field Officer in charge of the pear-thrips investigation at Royal Oak, B.C., for two years) and
published in the Annals of the Ent. Socy. Amer., Vol. XL, No. 1, March, 1918. The article is
entitled the " Life-history of the Leaf-eating Crane-fly, Cylindrotoma splendens Doane." It gives
a complete account of its habits and its life-history from the egg to the image.
It is illustrated with some very fine drawings by the author, representing the larva; and its
most important parts, the pupa and the image. The larvse of this crane-fly was discovered at
Westholme, on Vancouver Island, some forty miles north of Victoria. The value of the discovery
lies in the fact that this represents the first finding of the immature stages of any species of this
genus on the American Continent.
We have thought that it may be of more interest and benefit to the entomologists in various
parts of the Province to describe more fully the insects illustrated in the plates contained in the
Annual Reports of the Provincial Museum, and a beginning is made with those moths figured on
the two plates accompanying this article. The species in the following annotated list are given
in their proper scientific order, the numbers appearing before each name corresponding with a
similar number in Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough's Check-list of No. Amer. Lepidoptera,
February, 1917. Those with a star prefixed to them have been described since that list was
Noctuid.cE  (Plate I.).
1315. Euxoa quinquelinea Sm. This is a moth that has not hitherto been recorded from
British Columbia. Recently, upon working over a collection of noctuids made by Mr. W. H.
Danby at Rossland, B.C., some twenty years ago, I found several species that were entirely new
to me. These were subsequently submitted to Dr. J. McDunnough, of Decatur, 111., for identification, some of them proving new to British Columbia. This species is one of them; it is
evidently a mountain species, as its habitat is the Sierra Nevadas of California.
E. lutulenta, which was also described by Dr. J. B. Smith at the same time (vide Trans.
Am. Ent. Socy., XVIL, p. 50, 1900), is now placed as a geographical race of quinquelinea. We
also have a specimen of this form taken at Vernon, B.C., in 1916.
16S2. Polia negussa Sm. This was also taken by Mr. Danby at Rossland, B.C., in 1898, and
is also new to British Columbia.    It was described by Smith in the Can. Ent, XXXIL, August,  PLATE  I.
Cortgna pallescens Sm.
Alberni, B.C.   (W. R. Carter).
(Very rare.)
Armma obliqua Walk.
Duncan. B.C.  (E. M. Skinner).
(New to British Columbia.)
AndrTopolia adon Grt.
Duncan, B.C.  (E. M. Skinner).
(New to British Columbia.)
Euiroa quinquelinea Sm.
Rossland. B.C.   (W. H. Danby).
(New to British Columbia.)
Ipimorplia nanaimo Barnes.
Victoria,  B.C.   (E.  H. Blackmore).
(Very rare.)
Polia rariolata Sm.
Victoria, B.C.   (E. 11. Blackmore).
(Very rare.)
Polia negussa Sin.
Rossland, B.C.   (W. II. Danby).
(New to British Columbia.)
Autographa Y-alba Ottol.
Rossland, B.C.   (W. H. Danby).
(New to British Columbia.)
Hemerocampa i'etusta gulosa Hy. Edw.
Chase, B.C.   (W. B. Anderson).
(New to British Columbia.)
Bomolovha toreulu Grt.
Duncan, B.C.  (G. 0. Day).
(Very rare.) PLATE  I.
: iSL,
i .  f
< I
IT  9 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. T 11
19C0, from two males and two females taken by F. H. Wooley Dod at Calgary, Alta. It is very
closely allied to segregata Sm. and gussata Sm., Dr. McDunnough being of the opinion that they
are probably forms of one species.
P. segregata was described from Laggan, Alta., and is recorded from Kaslo, B.C. I have a
specimen of it from Sicamous, B.C. It is also a mountain form and evidently very uncommon.
These two species are very much alike in maculation, negussa being more reddish-brown in colour
and lacking the black markings of segregata.
1702. Polia variolata Sm. This specimen was described from Washington Territory by
Smith in 1SS7, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., X., p. 467, from one male and one female. We have a
specimen in the Museum collection labelled " Victoria, B.C.," and presumably taken about 1002.
There is no other record of its occurrence in British Columbia that I know of until the capture
of the specimen figured in the plate, on July, 1918. It must be exceedingly rare when a period
of sixteen years elapses without its capture being recorded, especially in a district which is
continually and regularly worked over.
2646. Gorlyna pallescens Sm. The specimen figured was taken by Mr. W. R. Carter at
Alberni, B.C., in August, 1915; one was also taken by Mr. Downes at Armstrong, B.C., on
August 28th. It was also recorded in the 1906 Check-list of B.C. Lepidoptera, under the name
of medialis Sm., as occurring at Kaslo.
In Bulletin 52, U.S. Nat. Mus., Dr. Dyar places pallescens as a synonym of medialis Sm.,
but in Barnes and McDonnough's new Check-list they are treated as separate, although closely
allied species. In the British Columbia Check-list the name medialis should be eliminated, and
pallescens substituted for it. It is interesting to note that this uncommon insect has been taken
in two districts whose climatic conditions are the exact opposite of each other. Alberni being
an extremely wet district, while Armstrong is in the hot dry belt.
2524. Andropolia cedon Grt. One specimen without date taken by the late E. M. Skinner at
Quamichan Lake, near Duncan, presumably in 1896. This has not hitherto been recorded from
British Columbia. Its habitat is Colorado, Nevada, and Washington. One of the types is in
the British Museum.
2725. Ipimorpha nanaimo Barnes. This delicate ochre-coloured moth is very uncommon in
this district. There is a specimen in the Museum collection taken in Victoria on August 2nd,
189S. I have no other record from here until the one I took at rest on a fence on August 18th,
1918, just twenty years later. The one in the Museum collection was determined many years
ago by Dr. Smith as pleonectusa Grt., which, although agreeing in maculation, is decidedly
smaller and darker in coloration, being of a very dark fawn colour on both primaries and
secondaries. The latter occurs throughout the Atlantic States, Colorado, and Utah. Mr. A. W.
Hanham, of Duncan, B.C., took this latter species in Victoria many years ago, and I was fortunato
enough to take one specimen in perfect condition at light on August 25th, 1916.
2784. Arzama obliqua Wlk. This species is new to British Columbia and was taken by the
late E. M. Skinner at Quamichan Lake on June 26th, 1906. This is a very interesting record,
as it is rather surprising to find it on the Pacific Coast; it is distributed over a wide area on the
American Continent, from Eastern Canada south to Florida, and thence west to the Mississippi.
It is a reed-feeder, the larva feeding from the top downwards until the whole of the reed is
eaten out, then returning to the top and forming its pupa there. Bellura gortynoides Wlk. is
very closely allied, and is reported from Wellington and Vancouver, although I have not as yet
seen the species.
3245. Autographa V-alba Ottol. Taken by Mr. W. H. Danby at Rossland about the year
1900, but without specific date. This is also new to British Columbia, and was described from
Wyoming by Dr. Ottolengui in Jn. N.Y. Ent. Socy., X., p. 73, 1902. It is a very pretty species
and bears a strong superficial resemblance to speciosa, from which it can readily be distinguished
by the shape of the " Y " mark.
3571. Bomolocha toreuta Grt. This species was referred to in the Provincial Museum Report,
p. 12, 1917. In the 1906 B.C. Check-list it is reported from Cameron Lake, and one specimen was
taken by Mr. R. C. Treherne at Agassiz on August 1st. This latter record would indicate that
it is double-brooded, or at least partially so, as Mr. Day's specimens emerged in May from larvse
taken the previous August. The ground colour is a rich smoky brown, the white blotch in the
inner margin being very striking.   It occurs from New York to Texas. T 12 British Columbia. 1919
Lymantbild.e   (Plate I.).
3704 (b.) Hemerocampa vetusta gulosa Hy. Edw. This moth, which has hitherto not been
recorded from British Columbia, is very interesting from both a systematic and economic standpoint. It was discovered by Mr. W. B. Anderson, who is Dominion Inspector of Indian Orchards,
on one of his periodical trips in the Interior. It was taken at Chase, B.C., where it was doing
much damage to the Douglas fir. Imagines and full-fed larva? were taken together on August
6th, showing it to be double-brooded. The females are wingless and live solely for the purpose
of oviposition; having laid her eggs she covers them with hairy scales, which she plucks from
her body and mixes them with a gummy secretion, which on drying becomes hard and brittle;
as her mission in life is then ended, she dies.
The full-fed larvse noted above spun up about August 12th, emerging in the breeding-cage
on September 1st and 2nd. There are three closely allied forms—vetusta Bdv., described from
the Coast region of California in 1852? gulosa Hy. Edw., described from the same general
locality in 1881; and cana Hy. Edw., described from the Sierra Nevadas of California in the
same year. After a careful comparison with the descriptions published by Neumoegen and
Dyar in their " Preliminary Revision of the Bombyces of America," Jn. N.Y. Ent. Socy., Vol. II.,
p. 29, March, 1894, I have not the slightest hesitation in referring this British Columbia form
to gulosa, which together with cana are made races of vetusta in Barnes and McDunnough's
new Check-list. It is also a near relative of II. leucostigma A. & S. (the white-marked tussock-
moth), whose ravages upon shade-trees and shrubbery in the Atlantic States are well known.
4002 (a.) Dysstroma formosa boreata Tayl. This is rather an interesting record, as its
capture is of very rare occurrence. It was taken near Victoria by Mr. W. Downes on July 23rd,
1917. It was described in the Can. Ent., Vol. XLIL, p. S7, March, 1910., from two specimens
taken by Mr. T. Bryant near the Stikine River, in Northern British Columbia, on July 24th
and 25th, 1905. In Barnes and McDunnough's new Check-list it is placed as a race of formosa
Hulst., and in my opinion rightly so, as the maculation is practically the same, with the exception
of the extra basal bar; which is quite distinct and perfectly black instead of red or orange.
Typical formosa, which was described from Colorado, also occurs in British Columbia, the
writer having in his cabinet a rather poor specimen taken at Lillooet on June 23rd, 1916, and
there is a specimen in the Swett collection taken by the late Mr. Livingstone at Cowichan
Bay, B.C.
* Hydriomena macdunnoughi Swett. This specimen, new to science, is noted fully under
the heading of " New British Columbian Insects."
* Hydriomena perfracta exasperata B. & McD. In last year's Museum Report mention was
made of the new forms of Hydriomena, described by Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough in their
revision of that group, Cont. Lept. No. Amer., Vol. IV., No. 1, May, 1917. The specimen figured
is one of them and was taken by the writer near Victoria on May 19th, 1914, whilst beating for
Geonietridse. It was described from two specimens, both males, one taken at Departure Bay
and the other at Wellington, both localities being on Vancouver Island; it is a geographical race
of perfracta Swett, which is taken in the Catskill Mountains, N.Y. The latter was originally
described as a variety of cwrulata Fabr. (autumnalis Strom), but is now considered as distinct,
on account of difference in the shape of the uncus in the two forms.
4360 (a.) Phasiane respersata ieucaria Stkr. This little geometrid was listed in the 1906
B.C. Check-list as Macaria Ieucaria with a question-mark; later it was determined as respersata
Hulst., but finally it has been identified as teucaria, which was described from Seattle, Wash.,
and is really only a large form of respersata, whose nimotypical locality is Colorado. Teucaria
occurs on Mount Tzouhalem, near Duncan, and although I have collected assiduously in the
vicinity of Victoria for the past eight seasons, I had only taken two specimens until last May
(1918), when I took thirty-seven at Mount Tolmie on May 28th. In a long series they are rather
variable as regards the intensity of the markings, and also in the presence or absence of the
intradiscal line; in some forms this line is present from the costa to the median vein only,
giving the insect quite a different appearance. (For earlier notes on this species see Proc. Ent.
Socy., B.C., No. 6, p. 110, June, 1915.)
4372 (b.) Phasiane neptaria sinuata Pack. Both neptaria Gu. and sinuata have been listed
in previous B.C. Check-lists as occurring here, the latter being retained in the list on account  -
.    -
Lgcia ursaria Walk.
Gabrioia dyari Taylor.
Rossland, B.C.   (W. H. Danby).
Victoria, B.C.   (E.  II. Blackmore).
(New to British Columbia.)
(Very uncommon.)
Euehlana albertanensis  Swett.
Dysstroma formosa boreata Taylor.
Armstrong, B.C.   (W. Downes).
Victoria, B.C.   (W. Downes).
(New to British Columbia.)
(Very rare.)
Gonodontis formosa Hulst.
Phasiane respersata teucaria Streck.
Lillooet, B.C.  (A. W. Phair).
Victoria, B.C.   (E. H. Blackmore).
(New to British Columbia.)
Cleora albescens Hulst.
Phasiane neptaria sinuata, Pack.
Duncan, B.C.  (G. 0. Day).
Goldstream, B.C.   (E. H. Blackmore).
(Very rare.)
Hydriomena perfracta eirasperata B. &
11 cD.
Hydriomena macdunnoughi Swett.
Victoria, B.C.   (E.  H. Blackmore)
(l'aratype male.)
(New to British Columbia.)
Atlin, B.C.   (E, M. Anderson).
(New  to science.) PLATE II.
*    «'f<
\ V ^     - Y <
• >        *.- •
x >-,y  9 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. T 13
of its being described from one male specimen taken at Victoria by a Mr. G. R. Crotch, who
collected in this district, about the year 1873. Apparently this species had disappeared, and
all the specimens taken in recent years have been named neptaria, which was described from
The solution to this apparent disappearance lies in the fact that the two species are practically alike in maculation, the only difference being the larger size of sinuata; therefore the
latter is now considered to be a northern race of neptaria.
Sinuata occurs right across the southern portion of British Columbia from Vancouver Island
to the Rocky Mountains. The specimen figured is typical. Neptaria must now be eliminated
from our Check-list.
4554. Cleora albescens Hulst. One of our very rare geometers. It was described from
Seattle, Wash., by Hulst in'Trans. Am. Ent. Socy., XXIII., p. 355, September, 1896. There are
very few records of its capture in British Columbia. The late Rev. G. W. Taylor took it many
years ago at Wellington; the late A. H. Bush took one specimen at Vancouver on May 22nd,
1902; and Mr. G. O. Day took two or three at Maple Bay, near Duncan, in August, 1911; and
although it has been diligently searched for, none have been taken since. These are the only
authentic records that I know of. This and excelSaria Strks., which was figured in Annual
Report of the Provincial Museum, 1917, Plate II., were previously placed in the genus Selidosema;
but this genus, together with the genus Alcis, has been discarded, and all the species belonging
to these two genera have been transferred to the genus Cleora.
460S. Lycia ursaria Walk. This is an Atlantic States species and is entirely new to our
fauna; it was takeii by W. H. Danby at Rossland some eighteen years ago. It was described
from Albany, N.Y., in 1860, and the type specimen is in the D'Urban collection of North America
Lepidoptera, which is now the property of the Entomological Society of Ontario, and is in the
collection of the Agricultural College at Guelph.
4612. Gabrioia dyari Tayl. Described from four male specimens taken in August, 1903, on
Gabrioia Island, opposite Nanaimo. In his description (Can. Ent., Vol. XXXVL, p. 256, September, 1904) Taylor says that it seems to be not uncommon on Vancouver Island and that he has
not seen a female. It may be more common in the Nanaimo District, but it is not sp in the
vicinity of Victoria.
I have takeii four specimens (three males and one female) in six years of collecting exclusively for geometrids. The female has the same markings as the male, but is larger, the male
measuring in alar expanse 24 mm., while the female expands to 28 mm., the antenna; of the
female is filiform, while the male antenna; are heavily pectinated.
4691. Gonodontis formosa Hulst. Takeii at Lillooet on October 4th, 1917, by Mr. A. W.
Phair. This species is new to British Columbia, and its capture so far north is rather unexpected,
as its habitat ih Colorado and Southern California. The specimen figured is a little worn; when
in a fresh condition it is evidently a rather handsome insect.
* Euchliena albertanensis Swett. On looking over a collection of Lepidoptera made by
Mr. W. Downes at Armstrong, B.C., a few years ago, I came across four specimens of a species
of Euchlcena that were decidedly different to any that I had seen before. Knowing that the
species going under the name of pectinaria Pack, in our British Columbia collection was wrongly
named, I listed them provisionally as pectinaria, especially as they agreed fairly well with
Packard's description in Mon. Geom. U.S. Geol. Survey, Vol. X., 1876. Recently in sending some
material to Dr. McDunnough for identification I included one of these Armstrong specimens,
and he informs me that it is albertwnsis Swett. This new species was described in Can. Ent.,
Vol. 49, p. 351, October, 1917, the male type coming from Calgary, Alta., and the female type
from Edmonton, Alta.
Mr. Downes's specimens comprise three males and one female, and were captured on April
25th and 30th, 1914; they are the only specimens I have seen, although I have worked over
considerable material taken at Vernon and Okanagan Landing during the last three years.
Mr. Downes informs me, however, that the insect fauna of Armstrong in some respects
differs very materially from that of Vernon, although the two localities are only twelve miles
apart. There is more bush at Armstrong and the climate is more humid. It may be as well to
state here that the moth going under the name of pectinaria .in local collections is in reality
E. tigrinaria sirenaria Streck. T 14
British Columbia.
As no field-work of any description was undertaken during the season of 1918, there is little
to chronicle in the Botanical section of the Provincial Museum during this period; however, the
collection in the Provincial Herbarium has been materially increased and a number of specimens
not hitherto in the collection have been added from the following sources :—
Additions to the collection of Professor John Macoun, received from Mr. J. M. Macoun, Chief
of the Division of Biology, Geological Survey, Ottawa:—
Marsilea vestita Hook.
Asolla caroliniana Willd.
Lyeopodium annotinum L., var. alpestre.
Lycopodium selago L.
Ljycopodium selago vai-.miyoshianum Makino.
Lycopodium sitchense Rupr.
Phyllospadix seouleri Hook.
Phyllospadix torreyii Wats.
Potamogeton pusillus L.
Potamogeton prcelongus Wulf.
Triglochin maritima L.
Lysichiton Icamtschatcense Schott.
Habenaria gracilis Wats.
Ribes bracteosum Dougl.
Saxifraga bongardi Presl.
Saxifraga emarginata Small.
Saxifraga integrifolia Hook.
Callitriche bolanderi Heg.
Gentiana sceptrum Griseb.
Orthocarpus erianthus Benth.
Arnica gracilis Rydb.
Artemisia suksdorfli Piper.
Cotula coronopifolia L.
Potamogeton zosterifolius Schum.
Ruppia maritima L.
Zostera marina L.
Saxifraga mertensiana Bong
Saxifraga rufldula Small.
Saxifraga vespertina Small.
Crocidium multicaule Hook.
Tanacetum huronense Nutt.
A collection of Musci from Professor John Macoun, Sidney, V.L, B.C.:—
Sphagnum capillaceum Andrews, var tenel-       Sphagnum fuscum Von Klinggraeff.
Sphagnum capillaceum Andrews, var rubel-
Onchophorus virens Brid.
Dicranoweis'ia cirrhata Lindb.
Ceratodon purpureus Brid.
Dicranoweisia crispula Lindb.
Distichium capillaceum Bruch & Schiinp.. 9 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Report.
T 15
Didymodon rubellus Bruch & Schimp.
Grimmia apocarpa Hedw.
Grimmia calyptrata Hook.
Orthotrichum rupestre Schleich.
Philonotis fontana Brid.
Funaria hygromctrica Sibth.
Bryum duvaliiYoit.
Leptobryum pyriforme Schimp.
Aulacomnium palustre Schwaegr.
Polytrichnm junipcrinum Willd.
Racomitrium hypnoides.
Bartramia halleriana Hedw.
Mnium punctatum Hedw.
Polytrichum strictum Banks.
Amblystegium riparium Bruch & Schimp.
Amblysteginm serpens Bruch & Schimp.
Calliergon schreberi Willd.
Camptothecium nitens Schimp.
Hypnum cristi-castrensis Linn.
Hypnum curvifolium Hedw.
Hypnum fluitans Linn.
Hypnum hamulosum Br.uch & Schimp.
Hypnum lycopodiodes Schwaegr.
Hypnum uncinatum Hedw. •
A small collection of grasses and plants collected in British Columbia by Mr. J. M. Macoun.
A short series from Lytton collected by Mr. W. B. Anderson. A collection of Vancouver
Islands plants, approximately 650 specimens, from W. R. Carter, Assistant Biologist. This
collection was made prior to Mr. Carter being appointed to the staff of the Provincial Museum,
and it represents chiefly the flora of the Alberni District and illustrates the luxuriant growth
of the Humid Transition area; this collection includes original specimens of a number of plants
not previously recorded from Vancouver Island, together with two which are new to Canada.   .
These collections have been mounted by Miss H. J. Hendry, Recorder in the office of the
Museum, and placed in the Herbarium of the Provincial Museum.
The following list taken from these collections are additions not previously in the collection:—
Polypodium scouleri Hook. & Grev. Melica subulata (Griseb.) Scrib.
Adiantum pedatum L., var. aleuticum Rupr.       Orysopsis hymenoidcs R. & S.
Sparganium minimum Fries.
Lilwa subulata H. & P.
Agropyron biftorum (Brign.) R. & S.
Agropyron inerme (S. & S.) Rydb.
Agropyron tenerum Vasey.
Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P.
Briea media L.
Calamagrostis langsdorfli (Link.) Trin.
Danthonia californica Bol.
Danthonia intermedia Arasey.
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Nash.
Festuca idahcense Elmer.
Glyceria nervata Trin.
Ilierochlce odorata (L.) Wahlenb.
Kceleria cristata (L.) Pers.
Melica bella Piper.
Melica hartfordii Bol.
Panicum occidentals Scrib.
Carex wnea Fernald.
Carex deweyana var. bolanderi Boot.
Carex exsiccata Bailey.
Carex feta Bailey.
Carex flava L.
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh.
Carex leersii Willd.
Carex phwocephala Piper.
Carex preslii Steud.
Carex pyrenaica Wahl.
Carex sitchensis Bong.
Eleocharis obtusa^ (Willd.) Schultes.
Juncus mertensianus Bong.
Juncus oreganus Wats.
Juncus subtriflorus Coville.
Luzula piperi (Coy.). T 16
British Columbia.
Allium cernuum Roth., form alba.
Allium, crennlatum Wiegand.
Asparagus officinalis L.
Disporum smithii (Hook.)  Piper.
Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh.
Sisyrinchium segetum Bicknell.
Salix hookeriana Barr, var. laurifolia.
Salix mackenziana Barr.
Betula papyrifera Marsh.
Alnus or eg ana Nutt.
Alnus sitchensis (Regel.) Sarg.
Corylus rostrata Ait.
Eriogonum subalpinum Greene.
Polygonum douglasii Greene.
Polygonum nuttallii Small.
Arenaria verna L.
Montia chamissoi (Led.) Dur. & Jack.
Coptis asplenifolia Salisb.
Platystigma   oreganum    (Nutt.)    Benth.
Corydalis scouleri Hook.
Subularia aquatica L.
Athysanus pusillus Greene.
Thysanocarpus curvipes Hook.
Drosera anglica Huds.
Leptarrhena amplexifolia (Sternb.) Ser.
Mitella caulescens Nutt.
Parnassia flpibriata Banks.
Saxifraga delicatula Rydb.
Saxifraga emarginata Small.
Saxifraga saximontana E. Nels.
Ribes laxiflorum Pursh.
Aruneus Sylvester Kost.
Sanguisorba microcephala Presl.
Lathyrus palustris L.
Trifolium arvense L.
Vieia cracca L.
Lylhrum salicarid L.
Ludvigia palustris Ell.
Myriophyllum verticillatum L.
Sanicula septentrionalis Greene.
Xewberrya congesta Torr.
Vaccinium sp. deliciosum Piper.
Dodecatheon puberulum (Nutt.) Piper.
Apocynum cannabinum' L.
Gilia capitata Dougl.
Myosotis f scorpioides L.
Prunella vulgaris L., form alba.
Prunella   vulgaris   var.   lanceolata   form
erubesceus Fernald.
Scutellaria lateriflora L.
Solatium nigrum L.
Chelone ncmorosa Dougl.
Gratiola virginiana L.
Gratiola ebracteata Benth.
Orthocarpus castilleoides Benth.
Pedicularis ornithoryncha Benth.
Boschnialcia strobiliacea Gray.
Plantago major var. minimum Dene.
Galium triftdum L., var. subbiflorum Wieg.
Valerianella macrocera T. & G., a form.
Lobelia dortmanna L.
Madia glomerata Hook.
Petasites frigida (L.) Fries.
Seneeio   fastigiatus   macounii    (Greene.)
Spirwa menziesii Presl., form alba.
A number of named and identified specimens of plants collected in Alaska and the islands
of the Behring Sea have also been donated by Mr. J. M. Macoun, of Ottawa; these plants are
a most valuable acquisition for reference and comparison with any collection made in the
northern areas of this Province.
While the collection in the Herbarium is steadily growing, it is as yet far from representative of the flora of British Columbia; there are still several large areas of the Province not
represented, and much new material may be looked for in the northern and north-eastern fields,
and especially on portions of the mountain ranges on the west coast of Vancouver Island,, where
a number of plants known to occur on the Olympic Mountains, in Washington, and unknown
to us, may appear.
The increase of introduced plants around our cities and railways is largely in evidence;
many of these, being noxious weeds, can hardly be looked upon as a beneficial exchange for our
native flora which is fast disappearing from these settled areas.
Printed by William H. Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,


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