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Printed by William H. Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,
1919. To His Honour Sir Frank Stillman Barnard, K.C.M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned has the honour to submit herewith the Fifth Annual Beport
of the Superintendent of the Frovincial Home for Girls.
All of wdiich is respectfullv submitted.
J. W. de B. F ABB IS,
Attorney-General's Department,
Vancouver, B.C., November 30th, 1918.
Honourable J. W. de B. Farris,
Attorney-General, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you and the Honourable Members of the Legislature
the Fifth Annual Report of the Provincial Industrial School for Girls, from January 1st to
November 30th, 1918.
The present incumbent assumed the duties of Superintendent on January 1st, 191S. Since
no two persons work alike, it was deemed best to make a complete change of policy rather than
attempt to revise the old system.    This will explain the changes noted below.
The policy pursued is to have the girls realize that this is not so much a place of punishment,
but rather that here they are given another chance to make good. Believing that girls would
prefer to be good girls and to be held in esteem by good people, no effort has been spared to
achieve this purpose. The prison style of wearing the hair was abolished the very first day.
Bright ribbons and pretty modes of hairdressing are encouraged. The unbecoming uniform has
been replaced by one more girlish and pleasing.
A system of honour stripes has been adopted. For being on the honour roll for three months
a girl is entitled to one stripe. Four stripes may thus be earned. A further period of three
honour months will earn a different style of dress known as the honour or trusty uniform. An
additional period of three honour months gives the fight to wear a white collar on the trusty
As far as possible the honour system has been introduced. The transition here to the honour
system had the customary results experienced in other institutions making the change—namely,
an increased number of runaways. The new liberty had much the same effect as that of
emancipation upon the negroes of the South, whose first act of freedom was to run away.
Instead of meals being eaten in silence under rigid surveillance, conversation in moderate
tones is permitted under staff supervision. After repeated changes in the personnel a staff has
been engaged who are not only efficient, but whose manners, temperament, and high ideals make
them examples worthy of emulation.    A harmonious home atmosphere has been effected.
Sufficient time has not elapsed to test the results of the honour system upon the released
inmates. So far as conduct in the school is concerned, the girls nave a kindlier attitude towards
the staff, whom they regard as friends rather than custodians. Their attitude towards each
other is gentler, more refined, and more moral. They work more cheerfully and take pride in
doing it well.
System of Marks.—In adopting a new system of marking, it was deemed best to emphasize
desirable features in character-building, and the following plan has been adopted:—
Honesty, including honesty of purpose    1
Punctuality      1
Orderliness      1
Courtesy    1
Spirit towards work and institution generally    1
Effort      1
. Good influence   5
Efficiency    "      5
Four marks are allowed to the Superintendent to correct any overindulgence or severity on
the part of the staff. For one week's good conduct one day of time is remitted. For one month's
good conduct one day additional is remitted.
A group of Vancouver women interested in the welfare of the institution have presented a
handsome Victrola. A number of friends have contributed records that are an endless source
of enjoyment. M 48 Industrial School for Girls. 1919
To the Vancouver Woman's Musical Club the school is indebted for the gift of a very fine
piano. Individual members of the same club are giving lessons to the girls in both piano and
Under the auspices of the LTniversity Woman's Club there was conducted a Little Mothers'
League, at which were given a series of talks on " The Care of the Baby." These were illustrated
by using a life-size baby doll, a complete layette, baby bed, and food equipment. The lectures
were given by Miss Cole, of the Victorian Order of Nurses; Miss Breeze, Head Nurse for
Vancouver City Schools;  and Miss Waterman, Superintendent of Infants' Hospital.
Visitors.—During the year there were many visitors to learn of the working of the institution.
Among these were the Honourable the Attorney-General, J. VV. de B. Farris; the Honourable
the Minister of Lands, T. D. Pattullo; Mrs. Ralph Smith, M.L.A.; Rev. F. A. Robinson, M.A.,
Toronto, Secretary of Evangelism for the Presbyterian Church of Canada; Rev. A. M. Mac-
Donald, Edmonton, Superintendent of Neglected Children for Alberta; and the well-known
author, Mrs. Nellie McClung, Edmonton. The latter gave a most inspiring talk to the girls,
by whom it was very much enjoyed.
All the girls are given training in the countless details of housework, including cleaning,
washing, ironing, cooking, bread-making, care of and waiting upon the table, and the mending
and making of clothing. All this is on an institutional scale. When a course in Domestic
Science is established it is hoped that the girls will be trained that they can assume full charge
of the domestic work in the best houses.
In the school-room the half-day system is followed. The sessions have been lengthened to
three hours instead of two hours and a half. Special training is given in drill and sight-singing
in music.    Excellent progress is being made under a painstaking teacher.
A Commercial Course has been established, covering instruction in stenography and typewriting. No one is permitted to take up the Commercial Course without having an academic
standing equal to Entrance-work in the public school. By the end of the year five girls will be
fitted to fill positions as stenographers, while one other has already gone out to complete her
course in a city business college. Economic independence will do much towards sustaining a
girl's moral reclamation.
During the early summer the men from Oakalla Prison Farm cleared an acre of ground.
Part was completed in time to plant with potatoes that yielded at the rate of 7 tons to the acre.
The remainder of the clearing was given over to our five " Victory " pigs, maintained at small
outlay and valuable not only as food, but for rooting and fertilizing the raw land.
From the clearing there was salved some 65 cords of wood and about 1,000 lineal feet of
cedar posts, ample compensation for the expenditure involved.
A number of minor improvements were made in the building, rendering it more secure and
convenient. The former tile roof was used to pave the driveway. A dormitory that lacked
dressing and lavatory facilities was converted into two staff bedrooms and staff sitting-room.
Two other dormitories were provided with inspection windows between staff bedrooms and
dormitory. Two rooms in the staff quarters were converted into secure and sanitary cell
chambers by using cages from the Oakalla Prison Farm, thus replacing the unlighted, unventi-
lated, and insanitary " black hole " formerly in use.
Commodious linen, medicine, and school-room cupboards were built on the dormitory floor.
Electric bells now connect the dormitories with the staff rooms, enabling the girls to communicate
with staff in case of illness or emergency instead of shaking the doors and waking the whole
The drying-room in the laundry has recently been made available for drying purposes for
the first time in the history of the institution. Clothes-boilers have been built in that greatly
facilitate the work on washing-days.
Instead of using the septic tank the sewer has been connected with the city sewage system.
All these changes kept a number of Workmen busy on the premises for many weeks. This
very much restricted the outdoor occupations of the girls, and the unusual noises and activities
are largely responsible for the difficulties in discipline in the early summer.
Early in the year Dr. Mary Campbell made a careful examination of each girl. As a result
about 50 per cent, of them were given specific treatment for venereal infection. The number
is now greatly reduced. Each new arrival is segregated in the hospital until the doctor has
pronounced her free from contagion.    She is then given sleeping-quarters in the dormitory. 9 Geo. 5 British Columbia. M 49
The general health of the girls has been carefully looked after by the matron, who is a
trained nurse. One inmate, a chronic invalid, required constant care for six months. Ever
since her discharge from here she has been a patient at the Vancouver General Hospital. During
the recent epidemic there were but two mild cases of influenza. Our immunity is due to
scrupulous cleanliness, plain, wholesome diet, regular hours, daily fumigation, and unceasing
The reports of the schools most successful with delinquents show that the psychological
tests are used as a scientific basis for reform-work. The inability to resist temptation owing
to subnormal mentality is the cause of most failures in.the work of moral reclamation.
This institution was fortunate to secure the services of the psychological clinician on the
staff of the Vancouver public schools. The psychological report of Miss Martha Lindley shows
a large percentage of subnormals in this school. It is worthy of serious thought and points to
the very urgent need of providing constant custodial care for many of the inmates, so that
society may be relieved of a serious menace and a perpetuation of feeble-mindedness.
The year's experience has shown that provision ought to be made for the separate accommodation of the persistently incorrigible and vicious, who are a constant disturbance to the
well-being of the institution, and who very much lessen the chance of reform among the more
promising ones. This will obviate the necessity of using a wing in the Oakalla Prison Farm
for the older and more vicious girls who are committed here from the Police Court.
Number of Inmates received.—The roll of the institution on January 1st showed thirty-nine
inmates. During the year twenty new girls were received, making a total of ninety admitted
since the opening of the building on April 3rd, 1914. Of these, thirty-six are still inmates of
the institution.
Released on Probation or discharged.—During the year we have released on probation or
discharged twenty-three girls., Of these, eight were returned to the custody of the parents;
seven who had not suitable homes with relatives were placed in good positions at a proper rate
of wages; two were placed on probation to the Vancouver City Mission; two were given into
the custody of the Indian Department; one was made a ward of the Catholic Children's Aid;
one was apprenticed to the monastery; one was transferred to the Salvation Army Maternity
Home;   one was released by an order from the County Court.
Countries where born.—Of the thirty-six girls now in the school, twenty-five were born in
Canada, four in the United States, four in England, and three is Scotland.
Nationality.—Thirteen are of Canadian descent, ten of English, five of Scotch, three of half-
caste Indian, two of Indian, two of American, and one of Irish.
Length of Sentence.—Five are given two years; thirty-one have been given indefinite
sentences of not less than two years.
Age at Commitment.—At eleven years, 1; twelve years, 1; thirteen years, 2 ; fourteen years,
6 ;   fifteen years, 8 ;   sixteen years, 11;   seventeen shears, 7.
Offences committed.—Incorrigibility, 26; theft, 5 ; keeping house of ill-fame, 2; vagrancy, 1;
arson, 1;   forgery, 1.
Escapes.—During the year there have been twenty-two escapes. All were soon recaptured,
some within half an hour after their exit. There are many causes for these runaways; chief
among them are lack of active employment, lack of physical exercise, the exposed and public
situation of the institution, and the subnormal mentality of over 50 per cent, of the girls that
makes them the victims of unwise leadership.
The insecurity of the building has been largely corrected, making a contemplated exit
somewhat more difficult and discipline by segregation a possibility.
More outdoor work is a paramount necessity. It provides wholesome exercise, can be made
instructive in the knowledge of growing things, turns into useful channels all surplus energy,
and is conducive to moral conduct. Hence the urgent desire that the area of tillable land be
extended by clearing the entire acreage around the building.
A substantial fence should enclose the cleared portion of land. This will also obstruct the
view of ill-disposed passers-by and prevent the present almost nightly visits from prowlers around
the building.    Some sort of covered structure should be provided for exercise in rainy weather.
The ideal aimed at is to give the girls as great a share in outdoor work and games as in
housework.    To inculcate a love for animal pets and for all growing things, to create a love for M 50 Industrial School for Girls. 1919
a wholesome outdoor life and simple pleasures, will go far to effect a girl's moral reclamation.
Besides th-is, the labour of the girls will greatly assist in making the place self-supporting.
In conclusion, I would respectfully suggest that a copy of the evidence or a history of the
facts of the case be furnished with a girl's commitment papers. The officers accompanying the
girls very often do not know their charge's history. The girl herself seldom reports it correctly,
so that the Superintendent is at a disadvantage in not knowing the girl's true story, and the
work of reformation is hampered.
The following is the present staff of officials:—
Superintendent—Margaret W. Bayne.
Matron—Mary B. Menzies.
First Assistant—Laura Jewell.
Second Assistant—May Mitchell.
Laundrywoman—Jennie F. Ham.
Needlewoman—Barbara Sample.
Cook—Grace Grant.
Teacher—Janet A. G. Mill.
Commercial Teacher—Annie Edgell Sprott.
Gardener—F. "W. Cameron.
Engineer—J. B. Clark.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Printed by William H.  Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,


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