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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1917 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1918

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
EEPOET
OP   THE
PEOYINCIAL MUSEUM
OF
IsTATTJEAL HISTOEY
FOE THE YEAE 1917
THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY   OF  THE   LEGISLATIVE   ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
Printed by William H. Ccllin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1918.  To His Honour Sir Frank Stillman Barnard, K.C.M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of tlie Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits the Annual Eeport of the Provincial
Museum of Natural History for the year 1917.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, Victoria,
March 1th, 1918. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., March 7th, 1918.
The Honourable J. D. MacLean, M.D.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural
History, to lay before you the Eeport for the year ending December 31st, 1917,
covering the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FRANCIS KERMODE,
Director. PROVINCIAL MUSEUM REPORT
FOR THE YEAR 1917.
Since the last Annual Report of the Provincial Museum it has been found that it was still
necessary that the strictest economy must be exercised in the maintenance of public institutions,
expending moneys only where it was absolutely necessary, and still keep up to the objects of
the " Provincial Museum Act," viz.:—
(a.)  To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province:
(b.) To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province:
(c.)  To obtain information respecting the natural sciences relating particularly to the
natural history of the Province, and to increase and diffuse knowledge regarding
the same.
Although quite a large number of specimens have been added to the collection during the
year, little actual field-work was undertaken, as at the usual time to start field-work it was
not possible to secure the desired assistants.
However, Dr. C. F. Newcombe, who has always been only too willing to assist in building
up the collections of the Provincial Museum, offered his services voluntarily, and accompanied
the Director on a trip to the Bella Coola District in the month of June.
While in Bella Coola special efforts were made to collect the flora of the district, as this
was particularly needed in mapping out the distribution of the different species of plants in
this Province. Quite a large representative collection was secured and prepared, of which
special mention is made in the botanical report. A number of plants were also collected at
Ocean Falls while waiting there for a steamer to Victoria.
Advantage was also taken of the information conveyed to the Director by Mr. W. H.
Gibson, the missionary at Bella Coola, that he thought it would be possible to secure a number
of old ceremonial masks, which had been in possession of the tribe for a great number of years,
from an old Indian chief, " Captain Schooner."
Dr. New-combe and the Director paid several visits to the old reserve to see the old chief,
and after using a great deal of diplomacy and secrecy (which is necessary when dealing with
Indians in such matters, especially with chiefs), these ceremonial masks were secured with
their stories and legends.
In the month of April the Department was fortunate in purchasing from Lieutenant F. C.
Swannell, B.O.L.S., of Victoria, a collection of Indian relics from the Northern Interior of the
Province, from which locality the Museum had very little material; these specimens belonged
to a number of tribes, which, like others, are fast disappearing. Lieutenant Swannell had
collected these specimens several years ago wdiile out with survey parties in the northern
portions of the Province.
Two very valuable collections of anthropological material were donated to the Museum, one
by Mrs. Gertrude A. Croucher, Yale, B.C., in memory of her much respected husband, the late
Rev. Charles Croucher. This collection, numbering 158 specimens, was collected by Rev. Mr.
Croucher many years ago, and has been much coveted by a number of the museums of America;
but the late reverend gentleman was loyal to this Province, and would not allow his collection
to go out of British Columbia, and always said that at his death the specimens were to be
donated to the Provincial Museum at Victoria, so that they would be accessible to students in
the study of the life-history of the aboriginal races of this North-west Coast of America.
The other anthropological collection, numbering eight specimens, was donated by Mrs.
Blanche Dewdney, in memory of her late husband, the Honourable Edgar Dewdney, P.C.,
ex-Lieutenant-Governor of the North-west Territory and ex-Lieutenant-Governor of the Province
of British Columbia. In this collection will be found a valuable set of bone gambling-dice, with
sticks as counters, used by the Kootenay Indians. Specimens similar to these are seldom seen
in any collection of anthropology.
Early in the month of October, Professor John Macoun, F.R.S.C, Naturalist to the
Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, who now resides at Sidney, B.C., received permission
from the Director of the Geological Survey, Mr. R. G. McConnell, to present to the Provin- O 6 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
cial Museum his fine collection of the Vancouver Island flora, numbering approximately 900
specimens, all named and classified. The Director undertook to transfer these specimens
personally from Sidney to Victoria, so that they would be handled with the greatest care.
These specimens have now been deposited in the Herbarium under the supervision of Mr.
W. R. Carter, and are now available for reference to those who are interested in the study
of botany.
It will be seen in the report on botany that special work has been carried out in this
particular branch during the past year, with the assistance of several volunteer collectors, who
have helped materially to make the Herbarium the most representative collection in the Province.
The exhibition cases of British Columbia butterflies on the second floor of the Museum have
been entirely rearranged by Mr. E. H. Blackmore, of this city, in accordance with the new
Check-list bf the Lepidoptera of Boreal America, issued by Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough,
of Decatur, 111., in February, 1917. This list is recognized as the standard authority by the
Victoria Memorial Museum at Ottawa, and also by the majority of the principal museums in
the United States.
The nomenclature has undergone radical changes and the sequence of genera is entirely
different to that of Dr. Dyar's catalogue of ' North America Lepidoptera, published in 1902,
which has hitherto been followed. The style of labelling has been altered, the names being
typewritten in two colours, the generic and specific names in purple and the author's name in
red, thus ensuring greater legibility than was formerly the case in the old hand-written labels.
The labels are also placed on the supporting pin at the same height as the insect, thereby
rendering them more easily readable to the general public. It is hoped to be able to continue
this work on the Museum collection of moths during the coming year.
It is very gratifying to note that a number of teachers, both in public and private schools,
are bringing their classes to the Museum in connection with their nature-studies, which I am
sure has been greatly appreciated by the scholars, and without doubt has been a great benefit
to them individually, judging from the manner in which they have gone around the exhibition
halls taking notes. The Director or one of the staff is always on hand to give the young folk
all the information possible.
The number of visitors that have signed the register in the entrance hall during the year
1917 was 35,672; this does not give the number of visitors by any means, as the school-children
are not asked to register their names, neither are a large number of Orientals and others.
The Director has had a number of requests from other museums, societies, and persons
who are interested in the several branches of natural sciences for the loan of specimens for
comparison, which has always been willingly granted whenever possible.
By permission of the Honourable Provincial Secretary, the annual meeting of the British
Columbia Entomological Society w7as held in the Botanical Room in the Provincial Museum,
when a number of very interesting papers were read by members on systematic and economic
entomology.
The Honourable Minister of this Department also gave the Director permission to have
the meetings of the Natural History Society held in the Museum on evenings when subjects
are being discussed on natural-history specimens that are represented in the collections; this
arrangement is most satisfactory, as it saves loaning specimens, and I think is of more interest
to members and has been greatly appreciated by the society.
The Director wishes to extend grateful thanks to the following persons that have assisted
with the identifications in their respective branches of biology:—
Identification of Botanical Specimens.—Professor J. Macoun, Sidney, B.C.; J. M. Macoun,
C.M.G., Chief of Biological Department, Ottawa; C. F. New7combe, M.D., Victoria; and Professor J. K. Henry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Identifications in Entomology.—Doctors Barnes and McDunnough, Decatur, 111.; Professor
E. M. Walker, University of Toronto, Ont.; L. W. Swett, Lexington, Mass.; R. S. Sherman,
Vancouver, B.C.; and E. H. Blackmore, Victoria, B.C.
Thanks are also extended to a number of persons who have donated specimens.
Botanical specimens have been received from the following: Professor J. Macoun, Sidney;
W. B. Anderson, Victoria; Dr. C. F. New7combe, Victoria; W. R. Carter, Alberni; W. A.
Newcombe, Victoria;   J. R. Anderson, Victoria;   and Professor J. K. Henry, Vancouver. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 7
Notes on bird observations have been received from the following: J. E. Kelso, M.D., and
W. B. Johnson, Lower Arrow Lakes; A. H. Palmer, New Westminster; J. A. Munro, Okanagan
Landing;  and others.
BARE ISLAND BIRD SANCTUARY.
(This island is known as Indian Reserve No. 9, Saanich Tribe, and is situated in Haro
Strait about twenty miles north-east of Victoria.)
Owing to certain conditions it was not deemed advisable to place a warden on this island
during the last nesting season, and it was expected that after this island had been guarded so
closely for the two previous seasons, and persons warned to keep away, no person would go there
to molest the gulls, guillemots, puffins, and cormorants that make this island their nesting ground.
But in a report that was sent to me by Mr. Leonard S. Higgs, who lives on one of the
neighbouring islands, it seems imperative that a guard must be maintained on Bare Island
during the nesting season and continued indefinitely. The following is a quotation from his
letter:—
" As perhaps you know, I take a deep interest in the few sea-bird breeding-places in the
neighbourhood, and especially in that on Bare Island, which I have visited practically every
summer for twenty-five years.
" The policy of the Government in placing a warden on Bare Island for a couple of months
during the breeding-season was admirable, and was responsible for raising the number of breeding pairs to at least double what it was two or three years ago. But it is a policy which
should be continued indefinitely.
" My experience this summer has been as follows: I visited the island early in June, when
the nests were just made, and contained either one or two eggs. I counted over 100 eggs in an
area perhaps equal to one-thirtieth of the breeding-ground, taking an average of one egg and
a half to each nest at that time. When the full hatches should have been laid, the number of
eggs available for hatching should have been 6,000. I called again after an interval of ten
days, and should have had difficulty in finding 100 eggs upon the entire island, practically every
nest being empty.    No bird, however prolific, can stand such treatment."
■
ANTHROPOLOGY.
Accessions, 1917.
By Purchase from Lieutenant F. C. Swannell (Nos. 2912-296/f).
1. Athabascan. From the Northern Interior of British Columbia. This portion of the
collection consists of 100 specimens which were acquired by Lieutenant Swannell at the following localities: Lac la Hache, Chestalla Lake, Fraser Lake, Stuart Lake, Stella Lake, and the
Babine River country. It consists principally of articles of stone, such as arrow and spear
points, knives, chisels, skin-scrapers, hammers, pipes, and a polished mirror. There are also
snow-shoes, bone skin-scrapers, adzes, fish-spears, knives with iron blades, and birch-bark
baskets.
2. Salishan. From Lillooet seventeen specimens include a two-handed stone pile-driver of
the rare type, illustrated in last year's report. There are also a few specimens from the Lower
Fraser River, Victoria, and the Bella Coola region belonging to this stock.
Rev. C. Croucher Collection, mostly from Yale, B.C. (Nos. 2979-3137).
2996 to 2999 and 3137. A remarkable set of carved stone dishes. Of these, No. 2996 is of
soapstone in a very fine state of preservation. Like Nos. 2998 and 3000, it represents a seated
human figure. No. 2997 is of bird form, and 2999 closely resembles a turtle. No. 3137 is a very
large, crudely carved object of animal form-.
There are also four small figures of human shape, and a knife-handle of horn, boldly carved
to represent certain ancestors of its Indian maker.
The rest of the collection includes stone dishes (some of cigar-holder shape), a stone labret,
and a great number of stone chisels, hammers, arrow-points, etc.
Collection presented by Mrs. Dewdney on behalf of the late Edgar Dewdney (Nos. 2901, to 2911).
2904. Salish.   Medicine-man's head-dress of two paws of grizzly bear with claws. O 8 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
2905. Gambling set of four long polished bone, marked with diagonal and circular lines.
Set of twelve sticks for counting.    Kootenay.
2906. Salish.    Spindle-whorl of big maple, carved to show two thunder-birds.
2907. Salish. Tension-ring of wood, a carved bird w7ith ring below, used to cause tension
while spinning.   Lower Fraser.
2908. Salish.   Two mat-creasers of maple, used when making rush mats.   Lower Fraser.
2909. Salish. Halibut-hook of hemlock wood, U-shaped, bone barb, spruce-root wrapping
lanyard of twisted gut.    Lower Fraser.
2910. Salish.    Stone chisel.    Lower Fraser.
2911. Salish. Spoon of mountain-goat horn, the carved handle riveted to bowl; raven below
holding inverted man.
Bella Coola Collection.
From Chief Schooner were purchased the following ceremonial objects:—
1. Nos. 2965 to 2973. Masks used at potlatches and dances and representing crests and
legends of the chief's clan.
2965. Eagle mask (TsElkt).
2971. Loon Mask (Squsin).   This crest was also observed in the graveyard.
2972. Setting-sun mask (Nothokomai). This is now the property of Schooner's son. It is
shown at potlatches over a screen at the back of the dance-house, the wearer himself being out
of sight.
2973. Eagle mask. This is one of the chief's principal family crests, and is shown at the
same time as—
2969. Raven mask (Qoaxmanikwulla).
2966. Killer-whale mask (Suit). A large mask in three parts which represent the head
(enq), the dorsal fins (qutleik), and the tail (sliamont). The story relating how this crest
came into the chief's family is, in part, as follows:—
In far-distant days Schooner's ancestors lived in a large chief's house in the sky. The first
of them of whom there is still any tradition was named Tamaltsen. This man when he danced
used two masks, the eagle and the killer-whale. These were obtained by him at an old village
named NuskElste, a place half-way up the River TEintz, which runs past Bella Coola. Of this
place it is said that at one time the sea rose so high that it filled up all the streams and
reached the tops of the mountains to the west of Bella Coola, driving out all the natives from
their houses until they could climb no higher. Just in time to save them from extermination
a huge killer-whale swam close up to their last place of refuge on the mountain-tops and most
of the people were able to climb inside and so were saved. The whale was as large as a big
house and here all were cared for until the waters subsided. When land was seen once more
the raven flew up and down croaking joyfully that so many people had escaped from drowning.
2967. 296S.    Small masks representing two of the people who were saved.
2. Nos. 2974 to 2976. Masks used in the cannibal winter dance. These are all bird masks
with long narrow beaks differing slightly in certain details, and all are called Hauhau, the
Bella Coola form of the Kwakiutl Bohok. These are only parts of a complete set belonging to
the winter dance, but supplement specimens purchased at Bella Coola some years ago. It was
then found impossible to obtain from any one owner a perfect series such as belong to several
Kwakiutl chiefs. Chief Schooner's consent had to be obtained in every instance, and he also
promptly annexed a large part of the purchase-money, without opposition from the seller. It
was stated that outlying parts of the set used in the cannibal dance were held by different
individuals belonging to the society and were liable to be called for.
Schooner said that his family came into possession of the cannibal dance in early days.
One of his ancestors was walking along the beach near Bella Coola when suddenly there
appeared rising out of the sea a large chief's house. Some people came to the door and
invited him to go inside. Here he saw, sitting at the far end of the house, a chief whose
name was Qomoqoya, who was wearing a ceremonial hat of great size. The visitor at once
produced a valuable " copper " and presented it to Qomoqoya.
Two of the ancestor's brothers had been made prisoners and taken to this house, but soon
after were drowned. For this reason the use of the cannibal masks was explained to him and
the right to use them was granted.  PLATE  I.
N0CTU1D.E  NEW  TO  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
Ufeus electra Sm.
Victoria, B.C.  (Blackmore).
Sideridis rosea Harv.
Rossland, B.C.  (Danby).
Folia nugatis Sm.
Lillooet, B.C.  (Phair).
Lasionytta rainieri Sm.
Lillooet, B.C.   (Phair).
Tholera americana Sm.
Lillooet, B.C.   (Phair).
Eirvoa ochrogaster race insignata Walk.
Victoria, B.C.  (Blackmore).
Autographa niehollw Hamp.
Rosedale, B.C.  (Blackmore).
Euxoa cinereopattida Sm.
Lillooet, B.C.   (Phair).
Chytolita moroidalis Gue.
Cloverdale, B.C.  (Blackmore).
Bomolocha abalienalis Walk.
Rosedale, B.C.  (Blackmore). PLATE I.
ijpr «**-*
t
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i
» v■ ■-   mmr
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•   f/i
, -
x^y i  8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 9
The house was named Nuskoahltnaixsta. Certain important chiefs in it were Smaiyakila,
the head; SixsEkilaixla was a brother of the last; Atlkuntan and Nunatsonajen were also big
chiefs and rulers.    These were the spirits who presided over the cannibal dance.
2977. Storage-box (Pilkw-a).    This is a Bella Bella box.
2978. Spindle-whorl.    Bella Coola.
BIRDS AND MAMMALS.
During the early part of the year a collection of bird-skins numbering 68 and mammal-skins
numbering 154 were purchased from Mr. J. A. Munro, of Okanagan Landing; these skins are
prepared in a most satisfactory manner, a number of them being collected in the Nicola District,
from which the Department had very few specimens, thus making them very valuable in mapping
out the distribution of species.
The Provincial Game Warden at Vancouver sent to the Museum two skins of wapiti, which
had died while being transferred from the Colony Farm to be turned out in the Lillooet District.
These animals were unfortunately badly skinned—in fact, ruined entirely for mounting purposes.
The raccoon group (Procyon lotor) in a wild crab-apple tree, which have been mounted for
a great number of years and had become very much worn and faded, have been replaced by
three good specimens, presented by Mr. J. N. Evans, Duncan, B.C.
The Museum was also fortunate in having a (albino) squirrel, "Vancouver Island
Chickaree" (Sciurus hudsonius vancouvcrensis), presented by Mr. W. Fairall, which he shot
on the Malahat, west side of Saanich Inlet, September 16th, 1917.
ENTOMOLOGY.
By E. H. Blackmore. '
The weather conditions of the past season were very similar to those of the previous year,
a very wet spring and early summer being followed by a dry hot spell which extended until
late in September.
Throughout the valley of the Lower Fraser, the Coast District, and Vancouver Island the
heavy rains of the early spring were continued on and off until the end of June. To those
insects that in the pupal state pass the winter underground an abnormally heavy rainfall does
a great deal of damage, causing many of the pupae to rot, thereby reducing the number of
individuals of those species. It also delays the appearance of many other species which, when
they do emerge, are quickly killed off by the cold wet -weather. On account of these conditions
collecting in the early part of the season was exceedingly poor.
The late summer and early fall were very dry and warm, the sunny days being practically
continuous for nearly three months. This continued hot weather brought out in greater numbers
species which as a rule are rather scarce.
There was a rather severe outbreak of cutworms in the Victoria and Vancouver Districts
during the month of May and the early part of June. A great deal of damage was done to
small gardens and cultivated lots; in some instances whole beds of garden produce were completely devastated. The chief offenders were the dingy cutworm (Feltia ducens Walk.), the
glassy cutworm (Sideria devastator Brace), and the caterpillars of Euxoa messoria Grote, Euxoa
excellent Grote, and Feltia Vancouverensis Grote. This latter species has not hitherto been
considered of much economic importance, but I am convinced that it does as much damage as
any of the others, with the possible exception of Sideria devastator.
During September a particularly bad infestation of shade and ornamental trees occurred in
Victoria. This was caused by the larva; of an undetermined species (Tenthredo sp.) of sawfly.
In normal years they confine their ravages to the Lombardy poplar (Populus dilatata Alt.),
wdiich is their natural food-plant, but this year they occurred in such countless numbers that
they attacked everything in sight, even invading houses and office buildings. The larva? when
full grown measure from 1% to 1% inches in length and are of a brilliant yellow colour marked
with round black spots on each segment. They are generally mistaken for the caterpillars of
moths or butterflies, but they can always be distingushed by the fact that they have from six
to eight pairs of prolegs; the false legs situated behind the three pairs of genuine legs near
the front end of the body, while lepidopterons larva? never have more than five pairs. O 10 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
Lower Fraser Valley District.
At the request of the Director I made a three-weeks' collecting trip through this district,
starting on June 11 th and returning July 2nd. Taking into consideration the remarkable scarcity
of insects in general up to the end of June, and also the number of wet days that occurred, the
total amount of insects taken was very satisfactory; out of a total of nineteen days' actual
collecting, there were six days of heavy rain, three days dull and cloudy, and ten days of bright
sunshine.
On the rainy days, beating for Geometridse and searching for Coleoptera was undertaken in
the daytime, and at night collecting noetuids by " light" was successful. It was noticeable that
more moths came to " light" on the wet nights than on those nights which had been preceded
by a bright sunny day.
The localities visited were Vancouver, Cloverdale, and Rosedale. The Vancouver District
was not at all productive, although trips were made to all the chief collecting-grounds, including Cauldfield (nine miles west of North Vancouver, on the P.G.E.), the famous Lynn Valley,
Stanley Park, and South Vancouver, including the Eburne District.
Three days were spent at Cloverdale, twenty-five miles east of Vancouver, where some good
material was taken, including some very interesting geometers taken while " dusking." The
best district of all from a collecting point of view was certainly at Rosedale, where some
valuable material w7as taken, some of it new to British Columbia.
Rosedale is situated at the apex of the valley, being about eighty miles from Vancouver,
and is on the south side of the Fraser River (nearly opposite to Agassiz, at w7hich place the fine
Experimental Farm belonging to the Dominion Government is situated).    It is heavily timbered
on the north side, but skidways belonging to the shingle-mills in operation there furnished a
% convenient means of getting into the heart of the woods.
Mount Cheam, rising to a height of 6,925 feet, is situated about two miles away and is a
magnificent sight when the rays of the setting sun strike its rugged peaks. An ascent of this
mountain was contemplated, as some very desirable alpine species are known to occur there, but
owing to the great depth of snow on the trails this w7as found to be impossible; in some places
the snow was estimated as being from 30 to 40 feet in depth; three fresh falls of snow occurred
during the nine days spent there. I found out from some of the inhabitants that the ascent to
the top cannot be undertaken until the last week in July on account of the snow, and then it is
only possible for about three or four weeks.
The total number of insects taken on the trip w7as 883, made up as follows : Lepidoptera,
589; Coleoptera, 72; Hymenoptera, 105; Diptera, 102; and Odonata, 15. The Lepidoptera were
comprised of the following: Butterflies, 55; moths (other than geometers), 170; geometers,
272 ;  and Microlepidoptera, 92.
The nomenclature used is that contained in Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough's Check-list of
Lepidoptera of Boreal America, which has been adopted by the Museum, and which will be
followed in all future Museum publications.
The scarcity of butterflies seen on the trip was very noticeable, a short series of Pontia
napi marginalis Scud, being taken, while Parnassius clodius claudianus Stich. was captured
at North Vancouver and at Rosedale. These were the only two species worthy of mention.
Amongst the noetuids a nice series of both Acronycla hesperida Sm. and A. oblinata A. & S.
were taken, most of them being newly emerged. Three specimens of that very desirable species
Autographa nichollce Hamp. were taken at " light " at Rosedale. Other species of interest were:
Polia lubens glaucopis Hamp; Luperina passer Gue.; and Hyppa xylinoides Gue. In the subfamily Hypeninw a number of specimens were taken, including a good series each of Chylolita
morbidalis Gue. and Hypena humuli Harr. Three female specimens of Bomolocha palparia
Walk, were captured at Rosedale; these are, to my knowledge, the first of this sex recorded
for British Columbia, although I took a male specimen at Goldstream on June 16th, 1915; this
w7as figured in the Report of the Provincial Museum, 1916, Plate VII.
A fine male specimen of Bomolocha abalienalis Walk, was taken at Rosedale on June 25th.
This has never been recorded previously from British Columbia, and is an inhabitant of the
Eastern and Middle States.
A nice collection of Geometridse was made, including a single specimen of Hydrelia albifera
Walk., at Rosedale on June 26th; this is the first authentic record of this species west of Kaslo. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 11
Other desirable species taken at various localities in the valley were: Cosymbia lumenaria
Hbn.; Calocalpe undulata Linn.; Dysstroma occidentata mutata Taylor; Xanthorhce designata
emendata Pears; Eupliyia multiferata Walk.; Epirrhce, alternata Mull.; Enpithecia casloata
Dyar;  E. castigata Hub.;  and Metanema quercivoraria Gue.
nAmongst the micros two of particular interest are Pyrausta ochosalis Dyar, taken at
Cloverdale  (only previous record from Kaslo), and P. funebris Strom., captured at Rosedale.
The Coleoptera and Hymenoptera have not been worked over as yet, but some work has
been done on the Diptera, many of which, however, await further determination.
Odonata (Dragon-flies).
A small collection of about forty specimens were recently submitted to Dr. E. M. Walker,
of Toronto, for identification. They comprised seventeen species, three of which, it is pleasing
to note, are species that have not previously been recorded from British Columbia, viz.:—
Ccenagrion resolutum Hagen. One female taken by W. A. Newcombe at Chilcotin on June
25th, 1915.
Leucorrhinia intacta Hagen. Two males taken by J. A. Munro at Okanagan Landing on
July 6th, 1916, and one male taken by W. R. Carter at Alberni on July 29th, 1915.
Leucorrhinia borealis Hagen. One male taken by W. A. Newcombe at Chilcotin on June
22nd, 191.5.
Hereunder w7e publish a list of the remaining fourteen species, with their localities, and
hope at some future date to give a complete list of the Odonata of British Columbia, an order
which has hitherto been somewhat neglected:—
Enallagma calverti Morse.    Vancouver (E. H. Blackmore).
Enallagma cyathigerum Charp.    Chilcotin (W. A. Newcombe);   Cranbrook  (C. Garrett).
Enallagma carunculatum Morse.    Alberni (W. R. Carter).
Mshna interrupta nevadensis Walker.    Quesnel Forks (Newcombe).
Tetrageneuria spinigera Selys.    Alberni (Carter).
Cordulia shurtleffi Scudd.    Vancouver (Blackmore);   Cranbrook  (Garrett).
Libellua quadrimwulata Linn.    Cranbrook (Garrett).
Libellua lydia Drury.    Cloverdale (Blackmore);   Rosedale (Blackmore).
Sympetrum scoticum Donovan.    Quesnel Forks (Newcombe).
Sympetrum costiferum Hagen.    Okanagan Landing (Munro).
Sympetrum decisum Hagen.    Okanagan Landing (Munro).
Sympetrum obtrusum Hagen.    Okanagan Landing (Munro).
Leucorrhinia glacialis Hagen.    Okanagan Landing-(Munro).
Leucorrhinia hudsonica Selys.    Vancouver (Blackmore) ;   Cranbrook  (Garrett).
Rake and Uncommon Insects taken in British Columbia during 1917.
Under this heading we propose to give a list of the rare and uncommon insects which have
been taken during the past season at various localities in the Province of which we have any
knowledge. Properly authenticated records of these insects from any collection in the Province
will be gladly welcomed. It is hoped by this means to get a better knowledge of the distribution
and geographical range of our lesser-known species, which in some instances may eventually
prove of great economic value.
Victoria.—During the past season the writer, with the assistance of Mr. Edward Cooke and
Mr. Arthur Robinson, of this city, has -been fortunate in taking many desirable species of noetuids
and geometrlds.
From a pupa found in the city park I bred a splendid female specimen of Smerinthus cerisyi
opthalmicus form pallidulus Edw. This is a very rare form and is new to British Columbia.
The ground colour is of a beautiful pale fawn, in contradistinction to the dark olive-brown
colour of typical opthalmicus. Amongst the noetuids taken were the following uncommon
species: Euxoa intrita reuda Streck; E. terrena Sm. (very rare); E. divergens Walk.; E.
atrifera (rare); Matuta apposita Grt.; Eriopyga infidelis Dyar; Eurotype contadinaSin.;
Eumichtis loda Streck; Septis antennata purpurissata B. & McD. (rare); Trachea cinefacta
Grt; Vfcus electra, Sm.; Luperina passer Gue. (rare); and Autographa ampla Walk. This
latter is the first record from Victoria that I know of, although it has previously been taken at
Duncan and Wellington. O 12 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
Several interesting specimens were taken amongst the Geometrida?, including two new to
the Province—viz., Vemtsia duodecemlineata Pack, and Eupithecia borealis Hist. The former
was taken at rest on an electric-light pole by the writer in April. It is closely allied to V.
pearsalli Dyar (which is one of our commonest spring species), but can be distinguished by its
generally darker colour and the wavy extra-discal line on the forewlngs. The latter was taken
at " light" by Mr, A. Robinson on June 27th, and another specimen was taken by Mr. W. Downes
at Oak Bay on the 30th of the same month. This species was originally described from
Manitoba.
The other geometers of more than passing interest were: Lobophora nivigerata Walk.; this
has been an exceedingly rare species until this year, when we had the good fortune to take half
a dozen specimens; Cosymbria dataria Hist.; Calocalpe undulata Linn.; Nematocampa limbata
Haw. As recorded in last year's Annual Report, this pretty little geometer had not been recorded
from this district for twelve years until 1916, when two specimens were captured at "light."
This season a special look-out was kept, with the result that a nice series of eleven specimens
were taken. It is evidently very local. Metanema inatomaria Gue.; a single specimen was
taken at " light" in the same locality as the one taken last year. Pero occidentalis Hulst.;
two males were taken on June 4th and 7th respectively. This is a very interesting record, as
it is rather a rare species and not previously known west of Penticton.
We have specimens from the latter locality and also from Rossland. The Azelina occidentalis Hulst., given as " generally distributed" in the 1906 Check-list of British Columbia
Lepidoptera, is an error, as the species there referred to is Pcro giganteus Grossb., which has
a known range from Vancouver Island to Kaslo. The chief determining character of occidentalis
is the dentate antenna? of the male; in the other three species of Pero which occur in British
Columbia the antennse are filiform in both sexes.
Mr. W. B. A-iiderson, Inspector of Indian Orchards, took a single specimen of Neptyia
phantasmaria Streck in September. This is also an interesting record, as this, together with
one taken by the writer in September, 1915, constitutes the only known records of this species
in Victoria.
The same collector also took a specimen of Hwmorrhagia diffinis rubens Hy. Edw. in his
garden at Oak Bay in September. This species is single-brooded and flies about the first w-eek
in May; the most probable explanation is that the cocoon, which is generally spun up under
fallen leaves, was lying in an exposed place subject to the direct rays of the sun, and consequently brought to maturity at the end of the summer instead of lying dormant until the
following May.
The following noetuids, collected by Mr. W. Downes, of Oak Bay, are worthy of mention:
Euxoa catenula Grt. (new to this district) ; E. esta Sm. (rare) ; Polia lubens glaucopis
Hamp.; Septis multicolor Dyar (rather rare) ; Trachea finitima cerivana Sm.; and Autographa
celsa Hy. Edw. He also took a short series of Eupithecia obumbrata Taylor on Mount Tolmie
in May. This is the first record of this species in Victoria. It is evidently a mountain form,
as it has been taken by Mr. Day on Mount Tzouhalem, near Duncan, and also on the mountains
at Goldstream.
I nearly forgot to mention that a school-boy captured a specimen of Pseudohazis eglanterina
Bdv. (the sheep-moth) near the Ross Bay Cemetery. This is the first record of this species
that we have from Victoria;  it occurs sparingly at Goldstream, Shawnigan, and Duncan.
Goldstream,—On one of the writer's occasional trips to this locality a number of noctuid
moths were taken after dark feeding on a large patch of cultivated sunflowers, amongst which
were specimens of Euxoa esta (rare) ; E. tessellata tesselloides Grt.; and Rhynchagrotis rufi-
pectus Morr. On another occasion a beautiful specimen in perfect condition of Cleora excelsaria
Streck was taken. This is the first capture of this exceedingly rare geometer that has been
recorded for about thirteen years. It was taken at rest on a fire-blackened tree-trunk early on
the morning of June 4th. An extensive search for further specimens was made, but no others
were seen.
A nice series of Perizoma costiguttata Hulst. w7as obtained on the 3rd and 4th of the same
month; this species is evidently very local in its habits.
Duncan.—Mr. G. O. Day, of Quaniichan Lake, has succeeded in breeding a short series of
that uncommon deltoid Bomolocha toreuta Grt.    The larva? were found feeding on dogwood in 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. 0 13
August of 1916, and the adults emerged at the end of the following May.    This is a valuable
record, as the knowledge of the food-plants of a great many of our species is very limited.
It is also interesting to note that Mr. Day also took a line specimen of Venusia obsoleta
Swett on April 18th. This species was described last year from specimens found in the Harvey
and the Museum collections taken in 1908, and was figured in the Provincial Museum Report for
1916 on Plate VIII.
Mr. A. W. Hanham, also of Quamichan Lake, took a beautiful geometer on June 20th, which
turned out to be Stamnoctenis morrisata Hulst, a species which was described from Arizona and
is entirely new7 to our fauna.
Cumberland.—A few specimens of Cercyonsis alope ariane Bdv. were taken in this district
in July. This is noteworthy as no species of this genus has ever been recorded from Vancouver
Island before. Boopis Behr., a form of ariane with fewer spots on the under-side, occurs in the
Interior from Lillooet to Cranbrook.
Savary Island.—Mr. R. S. Sherman, of Vancouver, who spends his annual vacation on this
island, reports that he has seen specimens of Danaus archippus Fabr. (the mllkw7eed butterfly)
there every year for several years, and that this year he found several patches of milkweed
growing there. As this is the natural food-plant of archippus, the probabilities are that it breeds
on this island, but this fact will have to be proved before it can be accepted as such. This
butterfly has a cosmopolitan range, but has not been known to breed in British Columbia,
although occasional specimens have been taken in various parts of the Province. He also
mentions that Epargyreus tityrus Fabr. (the large silver-spotted skipper) was very common
in July.    It has been previously recorded from Vancouver and doubtfully from Glacier.
Cloverdale.—Mr. Bevan L. Hugh, who collected a number of geometers during the past
season, captured a specimen of Philobia ulsterata Pearson. This is an exceedingly rare
geometer, and is the first taken to my knowledge since 1908, when the late Mr. A. H. Bush
took one in Vancouver. Amongst others taken by the same collector was a nice series of
Spargania magnoliata pemotata Hulst. and a fine specimen of Selenia alcipliearia ornata B.
& McD.
Quesnel Forks.—While engaged on business connected with the Provincial Fisheries Department in this district in late August and September, Mr. W. A. Newcombe, of Victoria, collected
a few insects which proved of great interest, as we had not received any material from this
particular district previously. The butterflies taken were Phyciodes cam.pestris Behr.; Polygonid
progne. Cram.;  and Aglais J.-album Bdv. & LeCon.
A short series of Hypoprepia miniata Kby. (the scarlet-winged lichen-moth) was obtained;
this has previously been recorded from Kaslo. The Noctuida? comprised Euxoa mimallonis
gagates Grt.; Qraptolitha georgii Grt.; Catocala briseis Edw. (previously recorded from Kaslo) ;
Autographa rectangula Kirby; and Scoliopteryx libatrix Linn. The geometers proved scarce,
only three species being taken, viz.: Lygris xylina Hulst; Hydriomena f areata Thun; and
Ceratodalia gueneata Pack.
Lillooet,—In the beginning of August Mr. A. W. A. Phair took two or three specimens of
a bright coppery-red butterfly which we identified as Heodes cupreus Edw. It was taken at
Mount McLean at an altitude of 7,000 feet, and is a new record for British Columbia. It is
very closely allied to iff. snoicl Edw., which also occurs in British Columbia, but is very rarely
taken; cupreus is brighter in colour and more heavily spotted than snowi. He has kindly
donated a pair for the Museum collection.
Mr. Phair, on a recent visit to Victoria, brought with him a large amount of material for
identification; as many of the noetuids were new to us, w7e sent them to Dr. J. McDunnough
for determination, with the result that many of them proved new to British Columbia, and
materially add to the known lepidopterous fauna of this Province.
The following is a list of those new to British Columbia: Euxoa cinereopallida Sm.;
Agrotis piscipellis Grt.; Rynchagrotis vittifrons Grt.; Lasionycta rainieri Sm.; Polia nugatis
Sm.; Polia farnhami Grt.; Tholera americana Sm.; and Cerapoda oblita Grt. Amongst the
others -were some very desirable species, the following being of special interest as extending our
knowledge of their known range ; Euxoa satiens Sm.; E. murdocki Sm.; Lasiestra phoca luteola
Sm.;  and Pseudanarta flava Grt. O 11 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
New British Columbia Lepidoptera.
Under this heading we publish an annotated list of those new species and varieties which
have been described during the past season. We believe that this list will be of value to those
entomologists in the Province who are unable to keep in touch with all the current literature
on the subject, but who are desirous of keeping their collections and check-lists up te date in
nomenclature and scientific arrangement.
Glaucopsyche lygdamus Columbia Skin. This new race of lygdamus was described by Dr.
Henry Skinner in the Ent. News for May, 1917. The type and paratypes are from Port Columbia,
Wash. Amongst other localities mentioned for this species is Corfield, Vancouver. We presume
this is meant for Corfield, near Duncan, on Vancouver Island. This pretty blue butterfly is
fairly common all over the Island about May, and has been going under the name of G. lygdamus
behrii Edw7. (vide Report, Provincial Museum, 1916). The true behrii is a California race of
lygdamus, with San Francisco as its probable nimotypical locality; Columbia differs from
behrii in being of a much deeper shade of blue and the spots on the under-side of the wings
being larger.
In Vol. III., No. 4, Cont. Lept. No. Anier., March, 1917, Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough
describe a number of new species and varieties of Geometridna, amongst which are eight new
to British Columbia. As these " Contributions " were published subsequent to the issuance of
their new check-list, the following additions must be made to it:—
Trichodesia albovittata tenuifasciaia B. & McD. This form was described from Spirit Lake,
Idaho. In the Barnes collection there were specimens from Wellington, B.C., and the writer
has a specimen taken -by Mr. W. H. Danby at Ymir in 1900. In this variety the white band
of primaries is much narrower, being only 1 mm. in width.
Thera georgii benesignata B. & McD. This racial name has been given to the Vancouver
Island form on account of its larger size, paler colour, and the strong contrast between the
brown median and basal areas and the ground colour. Typical georgii is now restricted to
the Nevada species. The types of benesignata are from Wellington and the paratypes from
Duncan.
Mesoleuca gratulala latialbata B. & McD. Described from three specimens from Plumas
County, Cal. In this form the median white band is strongly constricted centrally below the
cell, due to an outward bulge in the dark basal area and a strong inward bend below vein 4
of the outer dark area. I have a specimen from Kaslo which Dr. McDunnough considers this
form, although the basal line is not quite typical.
Epirrhw plebeculata vivida B. & McD. This is the species hitherto known as Rheumaptera
rubrosuffusata Pack., which occurs commonly throughout the Island and Lower Mainland.
Rubrosuffusata has been found to be a synonym of plebeculata, which was described by Guenee,
from California, and the racial name of vivida is proposed for our Vancouvef Island form on
account of the coloration being much better defined.
In describing a new species, Phasiane ponderosa, Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough mention
a variety of it under the form name of demaculata, in which the cross-lines tend to become
obsolescent, especially in the females. The types are from Calgary, Alta., but one of the female
paratypes is from Field, B.C. We have two rather worn females, one from Atlin, taken by E. M.
Anderson, and one from Chilcotin, taken by W. A. Newcombe, so that although uncommon it is
widely distributed.
Itame plumosata B. & McD. This pretty yellow and brown geometer was described from
specimens taken in various localities in Arizona and Utah. We have a male specimen from
Mount McLean near Lillooet, taken in July, 1916, by E. M. Anderson. It is rather remarkable
that this species should turn up here, as it is a long way from its nimotypical locality; it is
apparently a high altitude species and may turn up on any of the high mountains in the intervening country.
Cleora satisfacta B. & McD. Described from one male and one female taken at Kaslo.
This is closer in general habitus to cxcelsaria Streck and albescens Hulst..than to any other
Cleora that occurs in the Province.
Mthaloptera anticarla fumata B. & McD. This is the insect from Kaslo that has been
previously known as /E. intextala Walk. Dr. McDunnough states that anticaria should be used
for the common Eastern species instead of intextata, and proposes the name of fumata for the  PLATE  II.
GEOMETRIDSE.
Cleora excelsaria Streck.
Goldstream, B.C.  (Blackmore).
(Very rare.)
Stamnoctenis  morrisata Hulst.
Duncan, B.C.   (Hanham).
(New to British Columbia.)
Xanthorhce blackmorci Swett.
(Paratype male.)
Victoria, B.C.  (Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Xanthorhce hlackmorei Swett.
(Paratype female.)
Victoria, B.C.  (Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Xanthorhce macdunnotiffhi Swett.
(Allotype female.)
Victoria, B.C.  (Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Xanthorhw atlinensis  Swett.
(Paratype male.)
Atlin, B.C.   (Anderson).
(New to science.)
Philobia ulsterata Pears.
Cloverdale, B.C.   (Bevan Hugh).
(Very rare.)
hygris ctestinata race schistacea Warr.
Kaslo, B.C.   (Cockle).
(New to British Columbia.)
Itame plumosata B. & McD.
Armstrong, B.C. (Downes).
(New to British Columbia.)
Drepanulatrij) carnearia Hulst.
Rossland, B.C.  (Danby).
(New to British Columbia.) PLATE II.
„ _   ' "-V..  8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 15
Kaslo race, which is more evenly suffused with smoky brown and with the lines more or less
obsolescent. The types are six males from Kaslo, presumably taken by Mr. J. W. Cockle. This
locality is the only one from which we have any record of this species.
In addition to the foregoing, it is as well to note that Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough have
given the study of Sicya macularia Harris and its various races considerable attention, with the
result that crocearia Pack, is rescued from the synonymy and applied to the form that occurs
in the Great Basin Region of the United States, and also to a similar form occurring on Vancouver Island. For the benefit of those collectors who may think that they have two different
varieties of this species, it is as well to add that this form is sexually dimorphic. In a long
series taken by the writer it is noticeable that while the females in general are much scarcer
than the males, the dimorphic female is far more prevalent than the typical one.
In Cont Lep. No. Amer., Vol. IV., No. 1, May, 1917, Messrs. Barnes and McDunnough have
revised the whole of the genus Hydriomena. Many radical changes have been made and new
species added, some of which refer to our British Columbia forms, so that it will be advisable
for collectors to alter their check-lists accordingly.   ,
Hydriomena albifasciata victoria B. & McD. This has always been listed as reflata Grt. in
British Columbia collections, but this name has been restricted to an Arizona race of albifasciata,
and the name victoria has been given to the Vancouver Island form; the types being three males
and two females from Victoria.
Hydriomena exculpata tribulata B. & McD. This is a grey form of exculpata, a new species
described from Ketchikan, Alaska. The localities given for the form tribulata are Oregon,
Colorado, and Kaslo, B.C.
Hydriomena perfracta exasperata B. & MoD. The race exasperata was described from two
specimens taken by the late Rev. G. W. Taylor, one at Departure Bay, near Nanaimo, and the
other at Wellington. It is evidently very rare. One male specimen was taken by the writer at
Victoria on May 19th, 1914.
Hydriomena renunciata columbiata form pernigrata B. & McD. The types of this form
came from Glacier National Park, Montana; the paratypes, one male and one female, from
Skagit Basin, B.C.; and one male from Stikine River, B.C. The latter probably collected by
Theodore Bryant, of Ladysmith, who collected in that district when with a survey party.
Hydriomena edenata grandis B. & McD. The racial name of grandis has been given to our
Vancouver Island form, which has been previously known as edenata Swett. Typical edenata,
which was described from Eden Valley, Monterey County, Cal., is very much smaller than the
one we get here and is shaded with a warm brown, while our form is tinged with green.
The genus Xanthorhce, which contains several distinct groups of species, has been badly
mixed up in the past, and much misidentification of species has ensued.
As it was also felt that there were several species, or at least good varieties, going under the
same name, the writer collected extensively in this genus for several years, with the result that
Mr. L. W. Swett, the well-known geometridist, described several new forms of the defensaria
group, which were illustrated in the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum for the year 1915,
Plate VII., Figs. 5 to 12.
In the pontiaria-fossaria group Mr. Swett has just described the following three new species
in the Can. Ent, Vol. 50, No. 1, p. 17 et seq.:—
Xanthorlwe macdunnoughi Swett. This occurs all over the southern portion of Vancouver
Island, but it is not common by any means. The types are from specimens taken by the writer
at Victoria.    Paratypes of each sex have been placed in the Museum collection.
Xanthorhce atlinensis Swett. This species was taken at Atlin by E. M. Anderson in 1914,
and was described from eight specimens, all male. It is close to fossaria Taylor, which was
described from Mount Cheam.    Paratypes are in the Museum collection.
Xanthorlue blackmorei Swett. Described from material taken by the writer at Goldstream
and Victoria. This species is very distinct, as in most cases the blackish median band becomes
obsolescent below the median vein. A male paratype has been, placed in the Museum collection.
Illustrations of these new species will be found in an accompanying plate.
BOTANY.
During the season of 1917 there have been numerous accessions to the Herbarium of the
Provincial Museum, notably the presentation of a large collection of plants of Vancouver Island, O 16 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
collected, mounted, and named by Professor John Macoun since he has resided at Sidney, B.C.,
together with a collection of Musci and Lichens made by him on Vancouver Island and a portion
of the Mainland of this Province. This collection, made and named by so eminent a botanist,
will be a valuable acquisition as a source of reference in the identity and for determination of
other specimens.
Mr. W. B. Anderson, of Victoria, has contributed a large number of plants, collected in his
leisure hours, from the Interior, which cover many localities, from Fort George to Penticton and
extending through West Kootenay. This collection will undoubtedly add much new material to
the Herbarium, especially as regards distribution.
The Fort George specimens cover a new area not hitherto represented in the collection.
A few of the plants from the various localities mentioned are as follows:—
Chenopodium b'otrys. Physostegia parviflora.
Axyris amarantoides. Orthocarpus luteus.
Calochortus elegans. Potcntilla flabelliformis.
Mclampyrum lineare. Galeopsis tetrahit.
Anemone virginiana. Crepis tectorum.
Chrysothamnus nauseosus. Eehium vulgare.
Chimaphila menziesii. Hieracium scouleri var. cynoglossoides.
Antennaria rosea. Erigeron acris var. drwbachiensis.
Anthriscus sativa. Senecio balsamitce var. thomsoniensis.
Gilia aggregata.
Among these Axyris amarantoides L. and Crepis tectorum L., introduced plants, appear to
be additions to the flora of British Columbia.
Mr. W. A. Newcombe has also donated a representative collection made in the vicinity
of Quesnel Lake and a portion of the Chilcotin country during the seasons of 1916 and
1917 ; amongst the rarer species and some not previously reported from these regions are the
following:—
Chilcotin, 1916.
Stephanomeria minor. Solidago decumbens.
Calochortus macrocarpus. Mentzalia kevicaulis.
Quesnel Lake, 1917.
Epipactis repcns var. ophioides. Alnus tenuifolia.
Habenaria orbiculata, Mltella nuda.
Parnassia palustris. Ribes glandulosum,
Rubus strigosus. Ribes oxyacanthoides.
Spiraa menziesii. Vaccinium canadensc.
Dracocephalum parvifforum. Hieracium umbellatum.
Stephanomeria minor. Senecio eremophilus.
In this as in Mr. Anderson's collection there are a number of doubtful specimens, which
have been forwarded to Mr. J. M. Macoun, Chief of the Division of Biology, Geological Survey,
Ottawa, and Professor J. K. Henry, of the University of British Columbia, for comparison with
authenticated specimens and identification, and until such time as this work has been completed
no adequate list can be chronicled.
Specimens of two additions to the flora of Vancouver Island, Arnica cordifolia and Roman-
zoffia unalaschensis, collected by Dr. C. F. New7Combe, of Victoria, have been donated by him to
the collection in the Herbarium.
On June 16th, 17th, and 18th, Mr. F. Kermode, Director, accompanied by Dr. F. C. Newcombe,
of Victoria, made a small collection of the more uncommon plants growing around Bella Coola;
the following, which are usually plants growing at much higher altitude, were collected on the
river-bottom, a little above sea-level:—
Epilobium lalifolium. Pentstemon diffusus.
Mimulus leicisii.
In the matter of distribution the following interesting species were collected in close
proximity to salt water:—
Trautvetteria grandis. Corydalis sempervirens.
Ranunculus orthorynchus var. platyphyllus.       Aralia nudicaulis.
Hemieva raniinculifolia. Senecio balsamita; var. thomsoniensis. The Director and his assistant made a small collection on August 1st and 2nd of the more
interesting plants of Mount Arrowsmith, undoubtedly one of the richest floral fields of Vancouver
Island. The following specimens were collected, which appear to be additions to the flora of
Vancouver Island not hitherto recorded:—
Oxyria digyna.
Lewisia pygmcca.
Saxifraga lyallii.
Antennaria rosea.
Other species of interest were:—
Lewisia Columbiana.
Erysimum elatum.
Saxifraga punctata.
Potentilla dissecta var. glaucophylla.
Lomatium martindalei var. augustatum.
Cladothamnus pyrolwflorus.
Mimulus alpinus.
Pedicularis ornithoryncha.
Arnica amplexicaulis.
Draba nivalis.
Silene acaulis.
Osmorrhiza purpurea.
Agoseris glauca.
Ranunculus eschscholtzii.
Saxifraga bronchialis.
Saxifraga tolmiei.
Potentilla villosa,
Epiloblum anagallidifolium.
Dodecatheon pauciflorum,
Phyllodoce glanduliflorus.
Arnica latifolia.
Senecio triangularis.
A few plants were also collected in the vicinity of Long Beach, on the west coast of
Vancouver Island, the latter part of September, including:—
Polypodium scouleri. Botrychium silaifolium.
Carex macrocephala. Hydastylus brachypus.
Listera caurina. Empetrum nigrum.
Gentiana douglasiana. Franseria bipinnatiflda.
.     St achy s ciliata var. pubens.
A large number of specimens have been mounted by Miss H. J. Hendry, now in charge of
the office of the Museum, and placed in the collection of the Herbarium; a card-index has been
completed of the mounted specimens, and the whole have been arranged in their systematic
order of families, according to the check-list of the plants of Gray's Manual.
A record has also been made of all duplicates and unmounted material, and the same placed
in genus-covers and arranged in the same systematic order.
The nucleus of the Herbarium, the original collection loaned by the Department of Agriculture, and made by Mr. J. R. Anderson at the time he was Deputy Minister of Agriculture, has
been rearranged and placed in the accepted order; this collection still remains in its original
genus-covers and is in an excellent state of preservation, due to the great care Mr. Anderson
took in preparing his specimens, many of which were collected twenty years ago.
From an educational standpoint the collection now in the Herbarium is available to teachers
and other students of botany, and should prove a great facility to them for comparison in
identifying any plants they do not know. A number of the latest and most authentic books on
our flora are also at hand for reference; these will be found in the office of the Museum.
LIST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND PLANTS COLLECTED AND PRESENTED TO THE
PROVINCIAL  MUSEUM.
By Professor John Macoun, of Sidney, B.C.
POLYPODIACEn-E.
Adiantum pedatum L.
Aspidium  spinulosum- (O. F. Miiller)  Sw.,
var. dilatatum (Hoffm.) Hook.
Asplenium feUx-fcemina  (L.)   Bernh.
Cystopteris fragilis (L.)  Bernh.
Cryptogramma acrostichoides R. Br.
Lomaria  spicant Desv.
Polypodium occidentale (Hook.)  Maxon.
Polystichum   braunii   (Spenner)   Fee,   var.
andersoni.
Polystichum munitum  (Kaulf.)  Presl.
Pteris aquilina lanuginosa Bong.
Woodwardia radicans (Smith), var. ameri
cana Hook.
Ophioglossace.®.
Botrychium simplex Hitchc.
Botrychium silaifolium Presl.
2
Botrychium virginianum  (L.)   Sw. O 18                                       Provincial Museum Eeport.                                        1918
•
Equisetace.*:.
Equisetum arvense L.
Equisetum tclmateia Ehrh.
Equisetum sylvaticum L.
IjYCOPODIACE.5!.
Lycopodium clavatum L.
Lycopodium lucidulum Michx.
Selaginellace.e.
Selaginella wallacei I-Iieron.
ISOETACEhE.
Isoetes echinospora Durieu.
Taxace.e.
Taxus brevifolia Nutt.
PlNACE
'E.
Abies grandis Lindl.
Pinus monticola Dougl.
Chamwcyparis nootkatensis (Lamb.)  Spach.
Pseudotsuga taxifolia Britt.
Juniperus scopulorum Sarg.
Thuja plicata Donn.
Picea sitchensis Carr.
Tsuga heterophylla  (Raf.)   Sarg.
Pinus contorta Dougl.
TYPHACEhE.
Typha latifolia L.
Sparganiaceje.
Sparganium americanum Nutt., var. andro-
Sparganium simplex Huds.
cladum Engelm.
Graminace^:.
Agropyron     pseudorepens     var.
magnum
Cynosurus echinatus L.
\
Scribn. & Smith.
Dactylis glomerata L.
Agrostis alba L.
Danthonia americana Scribn.
Agrostis alba L., var. stolonifera.
Danthonia spicata (L.)  Beauv.
i    Agrostis exarata Trin.
Deschampsia cmspitosa (L.) Beauv.
Agrostis hy emails  (Walt.)  Tuckerm. ■
Deschampsia calycina Presl.
Agrostis microphylla Steud.
Deschampsia elongata (Hook.) Munro.
Agrostis vulgaris  (With.)   Thurb.
Elymus arenarius L.
Aira caryophyllea L.
Elymus borealis Scribn.
Aira precox L.
Elymus glaucus Buckl.
Alopecurus californicus Vasey.
Elymus glaucus Buckl., var. hirsutus Malte.
Alopecurus    geniculatus    L.,    var.
fulvus
Elymus vancouverensis Vasey.
(Smith)   Sonder.
Festuca bromoides L.
Alopecurus pratensis L.
Festuca elatior L.
Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
Festuca megalura Nutt.
Arrhenathcrum avenaceum Boiss.
Festuca occidentalis Hook.
Avena fatua L., var. glabrata Peter
Festuca pacifica Piper.
Bromus   carinatus    hookerianus
(Thurb.)
Festuca rubra L.
Shear.
Festuca subuliflora Scribn.
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
Festuca subulata Trin.
Bromus glabrescens (Coss.)  Shear.
Glyceria borealis (Nash)  Batchelder.
Bromus hordeaceus L.
Glyceria nervata Trin.
Bromus marginatus Nees.
Glyceria nervata Trin.,  var.  data   (Nash)
Bromus maximus Desf.
Piper.
Bromus paciflcus Shear.
Glyceria pauciflora Presl.
Bromus secalinus L.
Glyceria scabra Malte., sp. nov.
Bromus sitchensis Bong.
Holcus lanatus L.
Bromus sterilis L.
Hordeum nodosum L.
Bromus tectorum L.
Hordeum murlnum L.
Bromus vulgaris Shear.
Kwleria cristata (L.)  Pers.
Cinna latifolia (Trev.)  Griseb.
Lolium multiflorum Lam.
Cynosurus cristatus L.
Lolium perenne L. 8 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 19
Phalaris arundinacea L.
Phalaris canariensis L.
Phleum pratense L.
Phragmites communis Trin.
Poa annua L.
Poa compressa L.
Poa confinis Vasey.
Poa howcllii Vasey.
Poa pratensis L.
Carex arcta Boott.
Carcx athrostachya Olney.
Carex aurea Nutt.
Carex bolanderi Olney.
Carex canescens L.
Carex cryptocarpa C. A. Mey.
Carex detceyana Schwein.
Carex diandra Schrank, var.
Carex dives Holm.
Carex festiva Dew.
Carex festiva pachystachya (
Carex   furva   (Bailey).
Carex hendersoni Bailey.
Carex howellil Bailey.
Carex Imviculmis Meinsch.
Carex leptalea Wahl.
Carex mirata Dew.
Carex wderi Retz.
Carex pennsylvanica Lam.
Bailey.
Poa sandbergii Vasey.
Poa triftpra Gilib.
Poa trivialis L.
Polypogon monspeliensis  (L.)   Desf.
Polypogon littoralis (With.)  Smith.
Puccinellia lemmoni Vasey.
Puccinellia distans (L.)  Pari.
Stipa minor (Vasey)  Scribn.
Stipa nov. sp. Malte.
CyPEBACE*E.
Carex plwsocephala Piper.
Carex pratensis Drejer.
Carex rossii Boott.
Carex   stellulata   Good,   var.   cephalantha
Bailey.
Carex stipata Muhl.
Carex teretiuscula ramosa Boott.
ampla Bailey.        Carex utriculata Boott.
Carex vulgaris lipocarpha Holm.
Dulichium arundinaceum  (L.)  Britt.
Cham.) Bailey.        Eleocharis palustris (L.)  R. & S.
Scirpus americanus Pers.
Scirpus microcarpus Presl.
Scirpus occidentalis (Wats.) Chase.
Scirpus riparius  (R. Br.)  Spreng.
Scirpus robustns Pursh.
Scirpus validus Vahl.
ar. vespertina
ARACE.E.
Lysichiton camtschatcensis  (L.)   Schott.
Lemnace^:.
Lemna trisulca L.
Spirodela polyrhiza (L.)  Schleid.
JUNCACEhE.
Juncus balticus Willd.
Juncus bufonius L.
Juncus columbianus Coville.
Juncus effusus L., var. brunneus Engelm.
Juncus effusus gracilis Hook.
Juncus effusus L., var. pacificus F. & W.
Juncus ensifolius Wiks.
Juncus falcatus E. Meyer.
Juncus falcatus var. alaskensis Coville.
Juncus gerardi Loisel.
Juncus  lescurii  Boland.
Juncus occidentalis (Coville) Wiegand.
Juncus tenuis Willd.
Luzula campestris (L.) DC.
Luzula campestris (L.) DC, var. subsessilis
Wats.
Luzula comosa E. Meyer.
Luzula  comosa  E.  Meyer,   var.  macrantha
Wats.
Luzula parvifiora (Ehrh.) Desv.
Luzula spicata  (L.)  DC.
IjILIACEhE.
Allium acuminatum Hook.
Allium cernuum Roth.
Allium geyeri Wats.
Camassia leichtlinii (Baker)  Coville.
Camassia quamash  (Pursh)  Coville.
Disporum oreganum (Wats.) B. & H.
Erythronium giganteum Lindl.
Fritillaria lanceolata Pursh.
Hookera hyacinthina (Lindl.) Kuntz.
Lilium parviflorum (Hook.)  Holzinger.
Maianthemum bifolium dilitatum Wood.
Smilacina amplexicaulis Nutt.
Smilacina sessilifolia Nutt.
Stenanthium occidentale Grav. O 20                                       Provincial Museum Eeport.                                        1918
Streptopus amplexifalius  (L.)  DC
Veratrum viride Ait.
*
Tofieldia intermedia Rydb.
Trillium ovatum Pursh.
Zygadenus venenosus Wats.
IRIDACEhE.
Hydastylus  borealis  Bicknell.
Sisyrinchium idahoense Bicknell.
Olsynium grandiflorum (Dougl.)  Raf.                   Sisyrinchium macounii Bicknell.
Sisyrinchium birameum Piper.
Orchidace^e.
Calypso bulbosa  (L.)  Oakes.
Habenaria leucostachys (Lindl.)  Wats.
Corallorrhiza maculata Raf.
Habenaria unalaschensis (Spreng.) Wats.
Corallorrhiza mertensiana Bong.
Listera caurina Piper.
Corallorrhiza stricta Lindl.
Listera convallarioides  (Sw.)  Torr.
Habenaria dilitata Hook.
Peramium decipiens (Hook.) Ames.
Habenaria elegans Boland.
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.
Habenaria gracilis Wats.
SalICACEhE.
Populus tremuloides Michx.
Salix hookeriana Barratt.
Populus trichocarpa T. & G.
Salix lasiandra Benth.
Populus vancouveriana Trelease.
Salix sitchensis Sanson.
Salix geyeriana Anderss.
Salix scouleriana Barratt.
Salix geyeriana Anderss, X sitchen
sis.
MyRICACEhE.
Myrica gale L.
BETULACEhE.
Betula occidentalis Hook.
*
Alnus oregona Nut.
Fagaceje.
Quercus garryana Dougl.
Urticace.^:.
XJlmus campestris L.
Vrtica lyallii Wats.
-
ARISTOLOCHIACE/E.
Asarum caudatum Lindl.
1
►
POLYGONACEhE.
Polygonum amphibium L.
Polygonum persicaria L.
Polygonum aviculare L.
Polygonum spergulariceforme Meisn.
Polygonum    aviculare    L.,    var.
vegetum       Rumex acetosella L.
Ledeb.
RUmex conglomeratus Murr.
Polygonum convolvulus L.
Rumex crispus L.
Polygonum erectum L.
Rumex obtusifolius L.
Polygonum fowleri Robinson.
Rumex obtusifolius L., var. discolor.
-    ■■
Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.
Rumex occidentalis Wats.
Polygonum lapathifolium L.
Rumex persicarioides L.
Polygonum minimum Wats.
Rumex pulcher L.
Polygonum paronychia Cham. & Schlecht.
CHENOPODIA-CEnE.
Atriplex patula L.
Chenopodium leptophyllum (Moq.) Nutt.
Atriplex patula L. var. hastata (L.) Gray.          Salicornia ambigua Michx.
Chenopodium album L.
Suwda maritima (L.) Dumort
Chenopodium humile Hook.
AmARANTHAC'E^E.
Amaranthus retroflexus L.
Nyctaginace^e.
Abronia latifolia Esch.
/ 8 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 21
C AR YOPH YLL ACEhE .
Arenaria macrophylla Hook.
Arenaria serpyllifolia L.
Cerastium campestre Greene.
Cerastium viscosum L.
Dianthus armeria L.
Lychnis vespertina L.
Sagina crassicaulis Wats.
Sagina occidentalis Wats.
Saponaria officinalis L.
Silene anglica L.
Silene antirrhina L.
Silene gallica L.
Silene menziesii Hook.
Silene noctiflora L.
Silene scouleri Hook
Spergula arvensis L.
Spergula sativa Boenn.
Spergularia marina (L.) Griseb.
Spergularia rubra radicans Presl.
Stellaria    borealis    Bigel.,    var.    alpestris
(Fries)  Britt.
Stellaria brachypetala Bong.
Stellaria crispa Cham. & Schlecht
Stellaria longipes Goldie.
Stellaria media (L.)  Cyrill.
Stellaria nitons Nutt.
PORTULACACEhE.
Calandrinia caulescens menziesii Hook.
Glaytonia dichotoma Nutt.
Claytonia howellii (Wats.)  Piper.
Glaytonia linearis Dougl.
Claytonia parviflora Dougl.
Claytonia  parviflora  Dougl.,  var.   depressa
Gray.
Claytonia parvifolia Moc.
Claytonia perfoliata Donn.
Claytonia sibirica L.
Claytonia spathulata Dougl.
NYMPHiEACEiE.
Brasenia schreberi Gmel.
Nymphaia polysepala  (Engelm.)  Greene.
RANUNCULACEhE.
Anemone lyallii Britt.
Anemone hudsoniana (DC.) Richards.
Anemone oregana Gray.
Anemone multifida Poir.
Aquilegia formosa Fisch.
Delphinium ajacis L.
Delphinium menziesii DC.
Myosurus apetalus lepturus Gray.
Ranunculus acris L.
Ranunculus aquatilis L.
Ranunculus   aquatilis   pantothrix
Piper.
Ranunculus aquatil
Gray.
Ranunculus bongardi Greene.
(Brot.)
L., var. trichophyllus
Ranunculus bongardi Greene, var. douglash
Howell.
Ranunculus   cymbalaria   Pursh,   var.   saxi-
montana Fernald.
Ranunculus flammula reptans (L.) Schlecht.
Ranunculus   flammula   (L.),   var.   unalas-
chensis  (Bess.)   Ledeb.
Ranunculus flammula (L.), var. intermedins
Hook.
Ranunculus occidentalis Nutt.
Ranunculus orthorhynchus Hook.
Ranunculus othorhynchus Hook., var. platy-
phyllus Gray.
Ranunculus repcns L.
Thalictrum occidentale Gray.
Achlys triphylla (Smith) DC.
Berberis aquifolium Pursh.
Eschscholzia californica Cham.
Papaver dubium L.
Dicentra  formosa  DC.
Alyssum alyssoides (L.) Gouan.
Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.
Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh.
BERBERIDACE.E.
Berberis nervosa Pursh.
PaPAVERACEhE.
Papaver somniferum L.
FuMARIACEhE.
Crucefeb^;.
Arabis perfoliata Lam.
Brassica campestris L.
Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook. O 22
Provincial Museum Eeport.
1.918
Camelina sativa  (L.)  Crantz.
Gapsclla bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic.
Cardamine oligosperma Nutt.
Cardamine pennsylvaniea Muhl.
Coronopus didymus (L.)  Smith.
Dentaria tenella Pursh.
Draba vema L.
Erysimum occidentale (S. Wats.).
Hesperis matronalis L.
Lepidium menziesii DC.
Lepidium sativum L.
Sedum spathulifolium Hook.
Heuchera cylindrica Dougl.
Heuchera micrantha Dougl.
Leptaxis menziesii (Pursh.)  Raf.
Mitella pentandra Hook.
Ribes bracteosum Dougl.
Ribes divaricatum Dougl.
Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir.
Ribes lobbii Gray.
Ribes nigrum L.
Lepidium striatum Rattan.
Neslia paniculata (L.)
Nasturtium palustre DC, var.
Radicula curvisiliqua  (Hook.)  Greene.
Radicula obtusa (Nutt.)  Greene.
Radicula paciflca (Howell) Greene.
Raphanus sativus L.
Sisymbrium aliissimum L.
Sisymbrium officinale L.
Sisymbrium officinale (L.), var. leiocarpum
DC
CrASSULACEhE.
SaxIFRAGACEhE.
Ribes sanguineum Pursh.
Saxifraga bongardi Presl.
Saxifraga integrifolia Hook.
Saxifraga rufidula (Small) Piper.
Tellima bulbifera Rydb.
Tellima grandlflora (Pursh) Dougl.
Tellima parviflora Hook.
Tiarella laciniata Hook.
Tiarella trifoliata L.
ROSACEnE.
Alchemilla occidentalis Nutt.
Amelanchier florida Lindl.
Cotoneaster pyracantha (L.) Spach.
Cratwgus brevispina  (Dougl.)   Heller.
Cratwgus oxycanthoid.es L.
Drymocallis  wrangeliana   (Fisch.  &  Lall.)
Rydb.
Frag aria bracteata Heller.
Fragaria crinita Rydb.
Fragaria cuneifolia Nutt.
Fragaria helleri Holzinger.
Geum macrophyllum Willd.
Geum oregonense Scheutz.
Osmaronia cerasiformis  (T. & G.)   Greene.
Physocarpus opulifolius (L.)  Maxim.
Potentilla anserina L.
Potentilla dichora Rydb.
Potentilla gracilis Dougl.
Potentilla monspeliensis L.
Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop.
Legumin
Cytisus scoparius  (L.)  Link.
Hosackia bicolor Dougl.
Hosackia denticulata Drew.
Hosaclcia parviflora Benth.
Lathyrus latifalius L.
Lathyrus maritimus   (L.)   Bigel.
Lathyrus nuttallii Wats.
Lathyrus  pauciflorus  Fernald.
Lupinus bicolor Lindl.
Lupinus lepidus Dougl.
Potentilla recta L.
Prunus demissa (Nutt.) Dietr.
Prunus emarginata (Dougl.) Walp.
Prunus emarginata villosa Sudw.
Pyrus diversifolia Bong.
Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt.
Rosa nutkana Presl.
Rosa pisocarpa Gray.
Rosa rubiginosa L.
Rubus chamosmorus L.
Rubus laciniatus Willd.
Rubus leueodermis Dougl.
Rubus macropetalus Dougl.
Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
Rubus spectabilis Pursh.
Sanguisorba occidentale Nutt.
Spirwa discolor Pursh.
Spircca douglasii Hook.
Spirara menziesii Hook.
OSnSE.
Lupinus littoralis Dougl.
Lupinus micranthus Dougl.
Lupinus microcarpus Sims.
Lupinus nootkatensis Donn.
Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl.
Medicago apiculata Willd.
Mcdicago hispida Gaertn.
Medicago lupubina L.
Medicago sativa L.
Melilotus alba Desr. 8 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 23
Melilotus indica (L.) All.
Melilotus officinalis  (L.)  Lam.
Psoralea physodes Dougl.
Robinia pseudo-acacia Dougl.
Trifolium albopurpureum T. & G.
Trifolium cyathiferum Lindl.
Trifolium dubium Sibth.
Trifolium fimbriatum Lindl.
Trifolium hybridum L.
Trifolium incarnatum L.
Trifolium microcephalum Pursh.
Trifolium microdon Hook & Arn.
Trifolium oliganthum Steud.
Geranium bicknellii Britt
Geranium carolinianum L.
Geranium dissectum L.
Geranium mollc L.
Geranium pusillum Burin.
Acer douglasii Hook.
Ceanothus sanguineus Pursh.
Ceanothus velutinus Dougl.
Malva moschata L.
Malva parviflora L.
Malva rotundifolia L.
Trifolium pratense L.
Trifolium procumbens L.
Trifolium repens L.
Trifolium tridentatum Lindl.
Trifolium varicgatum Nutt.
Vlex europwus L.
Vicia americana Muhl.
Vicia americana truncata (Nutt.) Brewer.
Vicia angustifolia (L.)  Reich.
Vicia gigantea Hook.
Vicia hirsuta (L.)   S. F. Gray.
Vicia sativa L.
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Moench.
GeBANIACEhE.
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her.
Erodium moschatum (L.)  L'Her.
Euphorbia peplus L.
Euphorbia serphyllifolia Pers.
ACEBACEhE.
Acer macrophyllum Pursh.
RHAMNACEhE.
Rhamnus purshiana DC.
Malvace.e.
Malva sylvestris L.
Sidalcea hendersonii Wats.
VlOLACEvE.
Viola adunca Smith.
Viola glabella Nutt.
Viola howellii Gray.
Viola macloskeyi Lloyd.
Viola nuttallii prmmorsa (Dougal.)  Wats.
Viola palustris L.
Viola retroscabra Greene.
Viola sarmentosa Dougl. Macoun
Viola sempervirens Greene.
Viola tricolor L.
El^iagnaceje.
Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
ONAGRACEiE.
Boisduvalia densiflora (Lindl.) Wats.
Circasa paciflca Asch & Magn.
Epilobium adenocaulon Haussk.
Epilobium unagallidifolium Lam.
Epilobium angustifolium L.
Epilobium minutum Lindl.
Epilobium paniculatum Nutt.
Araliace.*e.
Fatsia horrida (Smith) B. & H.
■lica genuflexa Nutt
Anthriscus sativa L.
Carum gairdneri (Hook. & Arn.) Gray.
Gaucalis mierocarpa Hook.
Cicuta douglasii (DC.) C & R.
Cicuta purpurea Greene.
Cicuta vagans Greene.
Gonioselinum gmelini  (Chain. & Schlecht.)
C & R.
UMBELLIEEBiE.
Conium maculatum L.
Daucus carota L.
Daucus pusillus Michx.
Heracleum lanatum Michx.
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L.f.
Leplotwnia dissecta Nutt.
Lomatium Imvigatum (Nutt.)  C & R.
Lomatium nudicaule (Pursh) C & R.
Lomatium utriculatum (Nutt.)  C. & R. O 24
Provincial Museum Eeport.
1918
(Enanthe sarmentosa Presl.
Osmorhiza divaricata Nutt.
Osmorhiza leibergii (C & R.) Suksdorf.
Pastinaca sativa L.
Sanicula arctopoides H. & A.
Sanicula bipinnatifida Dougl.
Sanicula hoicellii C. & R.
Sanicula menziesii Hook. & Arn.
Cobnaceje.
Cornus canadensis L.
Cornus nuttallii Audubon.
Cornus occidentalis  (T. & G.)  Coville.
Ericace.e.
Allotropa virgata T. & G.
Arbutus menziesii Pursh.
Arctostaphylos tomentosa (Pursh) Dougl.
Arotostaphylos uva-ursi (L.)   Spreng.
Chimaphila ubellata (L.) Nutt.
Gaultheria ovatifolia Gray.
Hypopitys hypopitys (L.) Small.
Kalmia glauca Ait.
Pterospora andromedea Nutt.
Pyrola aphylla Smith.
Plumbaginace.e,
Statice armeria L.
PRIMULACE.E.
Pyrola bracteata Hook.
Pyrola elata Nutt.
Pyrola piota Smith.
Pyrola picta dentata Smith.
Pyrola picta Integra Gray.
Vaccinium cwspitosum Michx.
Vaccinium cuneifolium Nutt.
Vaccinium oxycoccus intermedins  (Gray)
Piper.
Anagallis arvensis L.
Centunculus minimus L.
Dodecatheon latlfolium  (Hook.)   Piper.
Dodecatheon vulgare (Hook.)  Piper.
Glaux maritima L.
Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.
Trientalis arctica Fisch.
Trientalis latifolia Hook.
GeNTIANACEhE.
Centaurium centaurium (L.) W. F. Wight. Gentiana sceptrum Griseb.
Gentiana acuta Michx. Menyanthes trifoliata L.
Apocynum androswniifolium L.
Convolvulus arvensis L.
Convolvulus sepium L.
Cuscuta squamigcra Engelin.
Collomia heterophylla Hook.
Collomia grandiflora Dougl.
Gilia achillemfolia Benth.
Nemophila parviflora Dougl.
Nemophila sepulta Parish.
ii.POCYNACE.E.
CONVOLVULACE/E.
Cuscuta arvensis Beyrich.
Cuscuta epithymum Murr.
POLEMONIACE.E.
Gilia bicolor (Nutt.)  Piper.
Gilia gracilis  (Dougl.)  Hook,
Gilia squarrosa H. & A.
Hydbophyllace.e.
Phacelia linearis (Pursh) Holzinger.
Romanzoffia sitchensis Bong.
BORAGINACE.E.
Allocarya plebeia Greene.
Amsinckia intermedia Fisch & Meyer.
Amsinckia lycopsoides Lehm.
Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill.
Verbena hastata L.
Myosotis laxa Lehm.
Myosotis versicolor (Pers.)  J. E. Smith.
Plagiabothrys tenellus (Nutt.) Gray.
YERBENACEr£. 8 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
0 25
IjABIAThE.
Lamium amplexicaule L.
Lyeopus Americanus Mu'hl.
Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
Marrubium vulgare L.
Mentha arvensis L.,  var.
Briquet.
canadensis   (L.)
Mentha spicata viridis L.
Micromeria chamissonis (Benth.)  Greene.
Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevisan.
Prunella vulgaris L.
Scutellaria galericulata L.
Stachys ciliata Dougl.
SOLAN.ACE.aE.
SCROPHULARIACEiE.
■    (Nutt)        Orthocarpus attenuatus Gray.
Orthocarpus bracteosus Benth.
Orthocarpus hispidus Benth.
Orthocarpus pusillus Benth.
Rhinanthus crista-galli L.
Veronica arvensis L.
Veronica americana Scbwein.
Veronica peregrina L.
Veronica serpyllifolia L.
Veronica scutellata L.
Veronica tournefortii C.C. Gmel.
Solanum nigrum var. villosum L.
Castilleja   angustifolia   bradburii
Feraald.
Castilleja levisecta Greenman.
Collinsia grandiflora pusilla Gray.
Collinsia tenella (Pursh) Piper.
Limosella tenuifolia Wolf.
Linaria vulgaris Hill.
Mimulus alsinoides Dougl.
Mimulus grandiflorus Howell.
Mimulus langsdorfli Donn.
Mimulus moschatus Dougl.
Mimulus nasutus Greene.
Lentibulariace^e.
Utricularia vulgaris L., var. americana Gray.
Orobanchace.*e.
Orobanche uniflora L. Orobanche pinetorum Gray.
Orobanche comosa Hook.
Plantaginace^e.
Plantago bigelovii Gray.
Plantago lanceolata L.
Plantago macrocarpa Cham. & Schlecht.
Plantago major L.
Plantago major L., var. asiatica (L.)  Dene.
Rubiace^:.
Galium aparine L.
Galium   aparine  L.,
Koch.
Galium boreale L.
var.   vaillantU   (DC.)
Galium trifidum paciflcum Wiegand.
Galium triflorum Michx.
Sherardia arvensis L.
Linnaia americana Forbes.
Lonicera ciliosa  (Pursh)  Poir.
Lonicera hispidula Dougl.
Lonicera inmolucrata Banks.
Valerianella anomala Gray
Echinocystis oregana T. & G.
Campanula scouleri Hook.
Achillea lanulosa Nutt.
Achillea millefolium L.
CaPRIFOLIACEhE.
Sambucus callicarpa Greene.
Sambucus glauca Nutt.
Symphoricarpus mollis Nutt.
Symphoricarpus racemosus Michx.
ValerianacehE.
Valerianella congesta Lindl.
CuCURBITACEhE.
Campanulace.e.
Specularia perfoliata (L.) A. DC
COMPOSITnE.
Adenocaulon bicolor Hook.
Agoseris grandiflora Nutt. O 26
Provincial Museum Report.
1918
Agoseris laciniata  (Nutt.)   Greene.
Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) B. & H.
Anaphalis margaritacea occidentalis Greene.
Anaphalis margaritacea subalpina Gray.
Antennaria concolor Piper.
Antennaria howellii Greene.
Anthemis arvensis L.
Arctium minus Bernh.
Arctium minus Bernh., var. tomentosum Mill.
Arnica amplexicaulis Nutt.
Arnica latifolia Bong.
Artemisia suksdorfli Piper.
Aster douglasii Lindl.
Aster foliaceus.
Balsamorhiza deltoidea.
Bellis perennis L.
Bidens amplissima Greene.
Cichorium intybus L.
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.
Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.)  Pers.
Clrsium arvense (L.)  Scop.
Cirsium, edule Nutt.
Cir slum lanceolatum (L.)   Scop.
Cotula coronopifolia L.
Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.
Crocidium multicaule Hook.
Erigcron canadensis L.
Erigeron philadelphicus L.
Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) Forbes.
Franseria bipinnatifida Nutt.
Gnaphalium purpureum L.
Gnaphalium palustre Nutt.
Gnaphalium microcephalum Nutt.
Grindelia integrifolia DC.
Helenium autumnalc grandiflorum   (Nutt.)
Gray.
Hieracium albiflorum Hook.
Hypochwris glabra L.
Hgpochwris radicata L.
Lactuca scariola integrata Gren. & Godr.
Lactuca spicata (Lam.)  Hitchc.
Lapsana communis L.
Luina hypoleuca Benth.
Madia exigua (Smith) Greene.
Madia racemosa  (Nutt.)  T. & G.
Madia sativa Molina.
Matricaria matricarioides   (Less.)   Porter.
Petasites speciosa (Nutt.) Piper.
Preanthes alata  (Hook.)   Gray.
Senecio vulgaris L.
Senecio sylvaticus L.
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
Solidago elongata Nutt.
Solidago glutinosa Nutt.
Solidago lepida DC.
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.
Sonchus oleraceus L.
Tanacetum vulgare L.
Taraxacum officinale Weber.
Tragopogon porrifolius L.
LIST OF MUSCI  COLLECTED  AND PRESENTED TO THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM.
By Professor John Macoun.
SpHAGNACEhE.
Sphagnum acutifolium Russ & Warnst.
Sphagnum cuspidatum Russ & Warnst.
Sphagnum fuscum Von Klinggraeff.
Sphagnum papillosum Lindb.
Sphagnum squarrosum Pers.
Andreiea petrophila Ehrh.
Dicranella heteromalla Schimp.
Dicranum congcstum Brid.
Dicranum fuscescens Turn.
Dicranum howellii.
Ceratodon pupureus Brid.
ANDRE^EACEhE.
DICRANACE.E.
Leptotrichum flexicaalc Hampe.
Barbula convoluta Hedw.
Barbula leptotricha C M. & Kindb.
Barbula megalocarpa Kindb.
Dicranum scoparum Hedw.
Dicranum strictum Drumm.
Dicranum subpalustre C M. & Kindb.
Dicranum sulcatum Kindb.
CeBATODONTEhE.
Distichium capillaceum Brunch & Schimp.
POTTIEhE.
Barbula mucronifolia Bruch & Schimp.
Barbula ruralis Hedw7.
Barbula subulata Beauv.
Barbula vihealis Braun. 8 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 27
Gbimmie^e.
Scouleria muelleri Kindb.
Racomitrium canescens Brid.
Racomitrium eriocoides Bruch & Schimp.
Racomitrium heterostichum Brid.
Racomitrium varium,
Hedwigia   ciliata    Ehrh.,    var.    leucophwa
Schimp.
Braunia californica Lesq.
Braunia  californica  var.   pilifera   Lesq.   &
James.
OrTHOTRICHEhE.
Amphoridium californicum Lesq. & James.
Vlota phyllantha Mitt.
Orthotrichum lyellii Hook & Tayl.
Orthotrichum puchcllum Brunton.
Encalypta streptocarpa Hedw.
PHYSCOMITRIE.3E.
Funaria hygrometrica Sibth.,
Bruch & Schimp.
var. calvesccns
BARTBAMIE.3S.
Bartramia pomiformis Hedw.
Philonotis macounii Lesq. & James.
Leptobryum pyriforme Schimp.
Webera albicans Schimp.
Webera nutans Hedw7.
Bryum capillare Linn.
Bryum cirrhatum Hoppe. & Hornsch.
Mnium affins Bland.
Philonotis fontana Brid.
Philonotis marchica Brid.
BRYE.3B.
Mnium. glabrescens.
Mnium inclinatum Lindb.
Mnium insigne Mitt.
Mnium menziesii C Muell.
Mnium spinulosum Bruch. & Schimp.
Mnium venustrum Mitt.
AULACOMNIUM.
Aulacomnium androgynum Schwaegr.
Timmia austriaca Hewd.
Georgia genuflexa.
Aulacomnium palustre Schwaegr.
TiMMIEhE.
GeORGIACEhE.
POLYTRICHE.E.
Atrichum undulatum Beauv.
Catharineaj undulata (L.) Web. & Mohr.
Pogonatum alpinum Roehl.
Pogonatum    alpinum    var.    septentrionale
Brid.
Polytrlchum commune Lindb.
Polytrichum juniperinum Willd.
Polptrichum piliferum Schreb.
Polytrichum strictum Banks.
FONTINALOE.
Fontinalis antipyretica Linn.
Fontinalis chrysaphylla Card.
Fontinalis kinbergii Can. Muse.
Alsia abictina Sulliv.
Neckera douglasii Hook.
Neckera   douglasii   Hook.,   var.
Kindb.
Antitrichia californica Sulliv.
Fontinalis patens.
Dichelyma cylindricarpum Aust
NECKERErE.
Neckera menziesii Drumm.
Homalia macounii C. M. & Kindb.
LeUCODONTEhE.
HYPNEhE.
Ileterocladium heteroptoides Best.
Ileterocladium   heteroptoides   var.   fllicens
Best.
Thuidium crispifolium   (Hook.)   Kindb.
Camptothecium nuttallii Kindb.
Camptothecium lutescens Bruch. & Schimp.
Brachythcclum albicans Bruch. & Schimp.
Brachythecium asperrlmum Mitt. O 28
Provincial Museum Eeport.
1918
Brachythecium rivulare Bruch. & Schimp.
Brachythecium rutabulum Bruch. & Schimp.
Brachythecium salebrosum Bruch. & Schimp.
Scleropodium ccespitosum Bruch. & Schimp.
Scleropodium calpophyllum.
Scleropodium obtusifolium Kindb.
Isothecium cardoti Kindb.
Isothecium brewerianum Lesq. & James.
Isothecium lentum Lesq. & James.
Isothecium myurellum Kindb.
Isothecium nuttallii.
Isothecium stoloniferum Brid.
Eurynchium stokesii Bruch. & Schimp.
Eurynchium semiasperum C M. & Kindb.
Raphidostegium roellii Ren. & Card.
Thamnium liebergii.
Plagiothecium denticulatum Bruch. &
Schimp.
Plagiothecium erichapherum.
Plagiothecium sylvaticum Bruch. & Schimp.
Plagiothecium undulatum Bruch. & Schimp.
Amblystegium serpens Bruch. & Schimp.
Amblystegium riparium Bruch.. & Schimp.
Hypnum circinale Hook.
Hypnum curvifolium Hedw.
Hypnum cohearens.
Hypnum fllicinum Linn.
Hypnum kneiffii Bruch. & Schimp.
Hypnum  kneiffii  var.   gracilescens   Bruch.
& Schimp.
Hypnum palustre Huds.
Hypnum robustum Hook.
Hypnum subimponens Lesq.
Hypnum vernicosum Lindb.
Hylocomium splendens   (Hedw.)   Schimp.
ACCESSIONS—PUBLICATIONS OF OTHER INSTITUTIONS.
Smithsonian Institution.
Ext. Proc. No. 2166, Vol. 51—Summary of the Mollusks of the Family Alectrionida? of the
West Coast of America.    William Healey Dall.
Ext. Proc. No. 2165, Vol. 51—A New Species and Three New Species of Parasitic Isopod
Crustaceans.    W. P. Hay.
Ext. Proc. No. 2172, Vol. 51—New Species and Varieties of Foraminifera from the Philippines
and Adjacent Waters.    Joseph A. Cushman.
Ext. Proc. No. 2174, Vol. 52—North American Earthworms of the Family Lumbericida? in
the Collections of the United States National Museum.    Frank Smith.
Ext. Proc. No. 2175, Vol. 52—The Birds of Bawean Island, Java Sea.    Harry C Oberholser.
Ext. Proc. No. 2177, Vol. 52—Fossil Fishes in the Collection of the United States National
Chas.  R.  Eastman.
Vol. 52—New Tertiary Insects.    T. D. A. Cockerell.
Vol. 52—New Species of South Dakota Cretaceous Crabs.    Mary J.
Vol. 52—Diagnoses of New Species of Marine Bivalve Mollusks from
Museum.
Ext. Proc. No. 2181,
Ext.  Proc.  No.  2182.
Rathbun.
Ext. Proc. No. 2183,
the West Coast of America in the Collection of the United States National Museum.
William Healey Dall.
Ext. Proc. No. 2186, Vol. 52—A New Species of Polychstous Annelid from Panama, with
Notes on a Hawaiian Form.    Aaron L. Treadw7ell.
Ext. Proc. No. 2187, Vol. 52—Notice of a New Paleocene Mammalma, Possible Relative of
the Titanotheres.    J. W. Gidley.
Ext.  Proc. No. 2188,  Vol.  52—Mammals collected on the Chain of Islands lying off the
Western Coast of Sumatra, with Descriptions of Twenty-eight New Species and Subspecies.    Dr. W. L. Abbott and Marcus Ward Lyon, Jr.
Ext Proc. No. 2189, Vol. 52—New  Species of Fossil Beetles from Florissant, Colorado.
H. F. Wickham.
Ext.  Proc.  No.  2190,  Vol.  52—Rotatoria  of Los Angeles,   California,  and  Vicinity,   with
Descriptions of New Species.    Frank J. Myers.
Ext. Proc. No. 2191, Vol. 52—On certain Secondary Sexual Characters in the Male Ruddy
Duck, Erismatura jamaicensis  (Gmelin).    Alexander Wetmore.
Ext. Proc. No. 2203, Vol. 53—A New Species of Bear-Naimalcule from the Coast of North
Carolina.   W. P. Hay.
Ext. Proc. No. 2210, Vol. 53—Some Fossil Insects from Florissant,  Colorado.   T. D. A.
Cockerell. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 29
Ext Proc. No. 2212, Vol. 53—Description of New Species of Extinct Horse, Equus lambei,
from the Pleistocene from the Yukon Territory.    Oliver P. Hay.
Ext. Proc. 2144, Vol. 51—New Braehiopods of the Genus Spirifer from the Silurian Maine.
Henry Shaler Williams.
Ext. Proc. 2160, Vol. 51—A New Mollusk of the Genus Pisidium from Alaska, with Field
Notes.    G. Dallas Hanna and Victor Sterki.
Ext. Proc. No. 2162, Vof. 51—A Contribution to the Fauna of the Oligocene Beds of Flint
River, Georgia.    W. H. Dall.
Ext. Proc. No. 2169, Vol. 51—Mollusks from the Type Locality of the Choctawhatchee Marl.
Ext. Proc. No. 2170, Vol. 51—The Californian Land Shells of the Epiphragmophora Traskii
Group.    Paul Bartsch.
Ext. Proc. No. 2193, Vol. 52—Descriptions of New West American Marine Mollusks, and
Notes on Previously Described Forms.    Paul Bartsch.
Ext. Proc. No. 2196, Vol. 53—Some Effects of Environment and Habit on Captive Lions.
N.  Hollister.
Ext. Proc. No. 219S, Vol. 53—Description of a New Species of Mastodon, Gomphotherium
elegans, from the Pleistocene of Kansas.    Oliver P. Hay.
Ext. Proc. No. 2194, Vol. 53—North American Parasitic Copepods belonging to the Lernseidas,
with Revision of the Entire Family.    Charles Branch Wilson.
Ext Proc. No. 2209, Vol. 53—New and Little Known  Species of South American Freshwater Mussels of the Genus Diplodon.    William B. Marshall.
Ext. Proc. No. 2214, Vol. 53—Descriptions of a New Species of Crab from the California
Pleistocene.    Mary J. Rathbun.
Ext. Proc. No. 2215, Vol. 53—Fossil Remains of what appears to be a Passerine Bird from
the Florissant Shales of Colorado.    R. W. Shufeldt.
Ext. Proc. No. 2217, Vol. 53—Notes on the Shells of the Genus Epitonium and its Allies of
the Pacific Coast of America.    William Healey Dall.
Ext. Proc. No. 2225, Vol. 54—Nuculites from the Silurian Formations of Washington County,
Maine.    Henry  Shaler Williams.
Ext. Proc. No. 2226, Vol. 54—Altitudinal Distribution of Entomostraca in Colorado.    Gideon
S. Dodds.
Ext. Proc. No. 2232, Vol. 54—Birds collected by Dr. W. L. Abbott on Various Islands in the
Java  Sea.    Harry  C  Oberholser.
Ext. Proc. No. 2207, Vol. 53—A Monograph of West American Malanellid Mollusks.    Paul
Bartsch.
Ext. Proc. No. 2218, Vol. 53—Fossil Echini of the Panama Canal Zone and Costa Rica.
Robert Tracy.
Ext.   Proc.   No.   2223,   Vol.   54—Chitons   taken   by   the   United   States   Fisheries   Steamer
" Albatross " In the North West Pacific in 1906.    S. Stillman Berry.
Contributions, Vol. 35, No. 3—To the Comparative Histology of the Femur.    J. S. Foote, M.D.
Contributions, Vol. 20, No. 1—The Mexican and Central American Species of Ficus.    Paul
C.  Standley.
Contributions, Vol. 20, No. 2—The Middle American Species of Lonchocarpus.    Henry Pittier.
Contributions, Vol. 18, Part 6—New and Noteworthy Plants from Colombia and Central
America.    Henry  Pittier.
Contributions, Vol. 18, Part 7—Grasses from the West Indies.    A. S. Hitchcock and Agnes
Chase.
Contributions, Herbarium, Vol. 17—Systematic Investigations in Lichens and Ferns, Grasses,
and  other Phanerogams.    Maxin,  Hasse,  Hitchcock,  Hitchcock  and  Chase,   Standley
and Cook.
Bulletin No. 71, U.S. Nat. Museum—A Monograph of the Foraminifera of the North Pacific
Ocean.    Joseph Augustine Cushman.
Bulletin No. 95, U.S. Nat. Museum—The Fishes of the West Coast of Peru and the Titicaca
Basin.   Barton Warren Evermann and Lewis Radcliffe.
Bulletin No. 96, U.S. Nat. Museum—A Synopsis of American Early Tertiary Cheilostome
Bryozoa.    Ferdinand Canu and Ray S. Bassler.
Bulletin No. 98, U.S. Nat. Museum—The Birds of Anamba Islands.   Harry C Oberholser. O 30 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
Bulletin No. 100, U.S. Nat. Museum—The Philippine Land Shell of the Genus Amphidromus.
Paul Bartsch.
Bulletin No. 101, U.S. Nat. Museum—The Columbian Institution for the Promotion of Arts
and Sciences.    Richard Rathbun.
Bulletin No. 102, U.S. Nat. Museum—The Mineral Industries of the United States.    Joseph
E. Pogue.
Bulletin No. 102, U.S. Nat. Museum—Part 1:   The Mineral Industries of the United States.
Chester G. Gilbert.
Annual Report of U.S. Nat. Museum, 1915-16.
Annual Report of U.S. Nat. Museum, 1916-17.
Misc.  Collections, Vol. 66, No. IS—On the Occurrence of Benthodesmus atlanticus, Goode
and Bean, on the Coast of British Columbia.    Dr. C. H. Gilbert.
Misc. Collections, Vol. 67, No. Ir—Cambrian Geology and Paleontology.    Chas. D. Walcott.
Misc. Collections, Vol. 67, No. 2—The Albertella Fauna in British Columbia and Montana.
Charles D.  Walcott.
California Academy of Sciences.
4th Ser., Vol. VII., No. 1, pp. 1-31—Archaelogical Notes on Western Washington and Adjacent
British Columbia.    Albert B. Reagan.
4th  Ser.,  Vol.  VII.,  No.  2, pp.  33-39—Concerning the  Origin  of  the  Soft-shelled Turtle,
Aspidonectes californiana Rivers.
4th Ser., Vol. VII., No. 3, pp. 33-39—Notes on the Herpetology of Guam, Mariana Islands.
John Van Denburgh.
4th Ser., Vol. IV.—Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.
4th Ser., Vol. IV., No. 4, pp. 41-124—Stratigraphic and Fauna! Relations of the Martinez to
the Chico and Tejon of Southern California.    Clarence A. Waring.
4th Ser., Vol. V.—Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.
4th Ser., Vol. V., No. 5, pp. 125-156—The Fauna of a Medial Tertiary Formation and the
Associated Horizons of North-eastern Mexico.    Roy E. Dickerson and W. S. W. Kew.
4th  Ser., Vol. ATI., No.  6—Climate and its Influence upon the Ollgocene Faunas  of the
Pacific Coast, with Descriptions of some New Species from the Molopophorus lincolnensis
Zone.
4th Ser., Vol. VII., No. 7—Climatic Zones of Martinez Eocene Time.
4th Ser., Vol. VII., No. 8—Ancient Panama Canals.   Roy E. Dickerson.
4th Ser., Vol. VII., No. 9, pp. 207-227—Geology of a Portion of the McKittrick District, a
Typical Example of the West Side San Joaquin Valley Oil Fields, and a Correlation of
the Oil Sands of the West Side Fields.    G. C. Gester.
4th Ser., Vol. VI., No. 8—Report of the President of the Academy for the year 1916.    C. E.
Grunsky.
4th Ser., Vol. VI., No. 9—Report of the Director of the Museum for the Year 1916.—Barton
Warren Evermann.
University of California.
Vol. 13, No. 13—The Inheritance of Extra Bristles in Drosophila melanogaster Meig.    Edna
M. Reeves.
Vol. 15, No. 2—Continuation of Hydrographic, Plankton, and Dredging Records.    Ellis L.
Michael and George F. McEwen.
Vol. 15, No. 3—Summary and Interpretation of the Hydrographic Observations.    George F.
McEwen.
Vol. 16, No. 18—The Anatomy of Heptanchus maculatus.    J. Frank Daniel.
Vol. 16, No. 19—Some Phases of Spermatogenesis in the Mouse.    Harry B. Yocom.
Vol. 16, No. 20—Specificity in Behaviour and the Relation between Habits in Nature, and
Reactions in the Laboratory.    Calvin O. Esterly.
Vol. 16, No. 21—The Occurrence of a Rhythm in the Geotropism of Two Species of Plankton
Copepods when certain Recurring External Conditions are absent.    Calvin O. Esterly. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 31
Vol. 17, No. 7—The Subspecies of Sceloporus occidentalis, with Description of a New Form,
from the Sierra Nevada, and Systematic Notes on other California Lizards.    Charles
Lewis Camp.
Vol. 17, No. 8—Osteological Relationships of Three Species of Beavers.    F. Harvey Holden.
Vol. 17, No. 9—Notes on the Systematic Status of the Toads and Frogs of California.   Charles
Lewis Camp.
Vol. 17, No. 10—A Distributional List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of California.   Joseph
Grinnell and Charles Lewis Camp.
Vol. 16, No. 22—On some New Species of Aphrodltida? from the Coast of California.  Christine
Essenberg.
Vol. 16, No. 17—Distribution of the Land Vertebrates of South-eastern Washington.    Lee
Raymond Dice.
Vol. 16, No. 23—Notes on the Natural History and Behaviour of Emerita analoga  (Stimp-
son).    Harold Tupper Mead.
Vol. 16, No. 24—Ascidians of the Littoral Zone of Southern California.    William E. Bitter
and Ruth A. Forsyth.
Vol. IS, No. 1—Mitosis in Giardia microti.    William C Boeck.
Vol. 18, No. 3—Description of some New Species of Polynoidas from the Coast of California.
Christine Essenberg.
Vol. 18, No. 4—New Species of ximphinomidse from the Pacific Coast.    Christine Essenberg.
Vol.  17,   No.  16—Publications:   Zoology.    AVilliam  Emerson  Ritter   and  Charles  Atwood
Kofoid.
Bulletin Nos. 1 and 2—Scripps Institution for Biological Research.
Bulletin No. 3—Scripps Institution for Biological Research of the University of California:
Modern Conceptions of Heredity and Genetic Studies at the Scripps Institution.  Francis
B. Summer.
Bulletin No. 4—Scripps Institution for Biological Research:   Field Research and Laboratory
Experiment:   their Places in ascertaining and explaining Habits in Nature.    Calvin O.
Esterly.
Dominion Government Publications.
Memoir 84—-An Exploration of the Tazin and Taltson Rivers, North West Territories.
Charles Cammsell.
Memoir 88—Geology of Graham Island, British Columbia.    J. D. MacKenzie.
Memoir 89—Wood Mountain-Willowbunch Coal Area, Saskatchewan.    Bruce Rose.
Memoir 91—The Labrador Eskimo.    E. W. Hawkes.
Memoir 92—Part of the District of Lake St. John, Quebec.    John Dresser.
Memoir 93—The Southern Plains of Alberta.    D. B. Dowling.
Memoir 94—Ymir Mining Camp, British Columbia.    Chas. Wales Drysdale.
Memoir 96—Sooke and Duncan Map-areas, Vancouver Island.    G. H. Cooke and H. G. Clapp.
Memoir 97—Scroggie, Barker, Thistle, and Kirkham Creeks, Yukon Territory.    D. D. Cairns.
Memoir OS—Magnesite Deposits of Grenville District, Argenteuil County, Quebec. M. E.
Wilson.
Memoir 101—Pleistocene and Recent Deposits in the Vicinity of Ottawa, with the Descriptions of the Soil.    W. A. Johnston.
Museum Bulletin No. 25—Recent and Fossil Ripple-marks.    E. M. Kindle.
Geological Survey—Summary Report for 1916. Wheaton District, Southern Yukon. D. D.
Cairns.
Geological Survey—Summary Report, 1915.    D. D. Cairns,
Reprint from the Scientific Monthly—The Development of Museums and their Relation to
Education.    Harlan I. Smith.
Reprint from the Eighth Annual Report of the Commission of Conservation—The Conservation of the Fur Resources of Northern Canada.   C Gordon Hewitt.
Eighth Annual Report, Commission of Conservation of Canada, 1917.
Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station.
Colorado Museum of Natural History—Annual Report, 1916.
Colorado University Bulletin, Vol. XVII., No. 1—University Studies. United States Department of Agriculture.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 755—Common Birds of South-eastern United States in Relation to
Agriculture.    F. E. L. Beal, W. L. McAfee, and E. R. Kalmbach.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 770—Canaries:   their Care and Management.    A. Wetmore.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 832—Trapping Moles and utilizing their Skins.    Theo. H. Scheffer.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 869—The Muskrat as a Fur Bearer, with Notes on its Use as Food.
David E. Lantz.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 896—The House Rats and Mice.    D. E. Lantz.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 910—Game Laws for 1917.
Farmers' Bulletin No. 911—Laws relating to Fur-bearing Animals, 1917.    David E. Lantz.
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station.
Bulletin No. 308—The Mineral Metabolism of the Milch Cow7.
Bulletin No. 11.
Bulletin No. 303—Annual Report, 1915.
Bulletin No. 306—Liming and Lime Requirements of Soil.
Bulletin No. 307—The Lesser Peach Tree Borer.
Bulletin No. 309—Spray Calendar, with Seed, Soil, and Disinfection Treatment Methods.
Bulletin No. 310—The Soldier Bug.
Bulletin No. 312—Soy-beans:   their Culture and Use.
Bulletin No. 313—Dependable Fruits.
Bulletin No. 311—Distribution of the Ohio Broods of Periodical Cicada with Reference to
Soil.
Bulletin No. 314—Ohio Weather for 1916.
Bulletin No. 315—Thirty-sixth Annual Report, 1916-17.
John Crerab Libbary.
Officers, Committees, By-law7s, and Record of Organization.
Books on the History of Science.
Library Cataloguing Rules.
Twenty-second Annual Report, 1916.
A Selected List of Books on Military Medicine and Surgery.
Detroit Museum of Art.
Bulletin, Vol. XL, Nos. 4, 5, 7, and 8.
Bulletin, Vol. XII., Nos. 1 and 2.
Pennsylvania Museum.
Bulletin, January, 1917.
Bulletin, July, No. 58.
Bulletin, October, No. 59.
Forty-first Annual Report, 1917.
Field Museum.
Publication 186, Vol. V., No. 1—Annual Report of the Director, 1915.
Publication 194, Vol. V., No. 1—Annual Report of the Director, 1916.
Publication 193, Vol.  XII., No. 1—Zoological  Series.    Notes on Little Known  Species  of
South America Birds, with Descriptions of New Subspecies.    C B. Cory.
Publication 195, Vol. VI., No. 4—Three Etruscan Painted Sarcophagi.    F. B. Tarbell.
Publication 191, Vol. X., No. 15—The Fishes of the Fresh Waters of Panama.    Seth E. Meek
and S. F. Hildebrand.
Milwaukee Public Museum.
Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 1—The Washo Indians.    S. A. Barrett.
University*" of Nebraska.
University Studies, Vol. XVI., No. 4. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 33
Province of Ontario :   Reports.
Archaeological Report, 19.16.
The Forty-seventh Annual Report, 1916 (Entomological).
British Columbia Government Publications.
Circular No. 6—Trees and Shrubs.    J. W. Gibson, M.A.
Roger Williams Park Museum.
Park Museum Bulletin, Vol. IX., Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
University of Pennsylvania.
Museum Journal, Vol. VII., No. 4.
Museum Journal, Vol. VIII., No. 1.
Manchester Museum.
Annual Report, 1915-16.
Bureau of Science, Manila.
The Mineral Resources of the Philippine Islands for the Year 1915.
Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.
Bulletin No. 31—Gopher Destruction.    J. II. Grisdale, B.Agr.
Bulletin No. 14—Canadian Bark Beetles. Part 1: Descriptions of New Species. J. M.
Swaine.
American Museum of Natural History.
Bulletin, Vol. XXXVII., Art. XLV.—Notes on West Indian Syntomida? and Arctiida? (Lepidoptera).    Wm. T. M. Forbes.
Bulletin, Vol. XXXVII., Art. XIII.—A New Rabbit and a New Bat from Neotropical Regions.
II. E. Anthony.
Bulletin, Vol. XXXVII., Art. IV.~-New Fossil Rodents from Porto Rico, with Additional
Notes on Elasmodontomys obliquus Anthony and Heteropsomys insulans .Anthony.
E. H. Anthony.
Bulletin, Vol. XXXVII., Art. XIV.—Two New Fossil Bats from Porto Rico.    E. H. Anthony.
Bulletin, Vol. XXXVII., Art. XVIII.—The American Museum Congo Expedition Collection
of Bats.    J. A. Allen, Herbert Lang, and James P. Chapin.
A Check List of Mammals of the North American Continent, the AVest Indies, and the
Neighbouring Seas.    D. G. Elliot, D.S.C.
Library of Congress.
Annual Report, 1916.
Publications issued by the Library since 1897.
Staten Island Association of Arts and Science.
Vol. VI., Parts 1 and 2.
Wagner Free Institute of Science, Philadelphia.
Annual Announcements, 1917-18.
Transactions of the Wagner Free Institute of Science of Philadelphia, Vol. ArIIL, 1917.
Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art.
Bulletin No. 56, October, 1916.
Museum Journal, June, 1917.
Philadelphia Museum.
Museum Journal, Vol. A-TI., No. 2.
Museum Journal, Vol. VIII., No. 3.
New York Zoological Society, N.Y.
Report of the Director of the Aquarium. , * .
3 !*"'* ■ O 34 Provincial Museum Eeport. 1918
City Art Museum, St. Louis, Mo.
Bulletin, Vol. III., Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Exhibition Catalogues, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Annual Report, 1916.
Minneapolis Institute of Art.
Bulletin, Vol. AT., Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
Annual Report of the Governing Members, 1916.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Poly-nesian Enthnology and Natural History.
Occasional Papers, Vol. III., No. 3—Some New Species of .Amastra.    C. Montague Cooke, Jr.
Occasional Papers, Arol. III., No. 4—The Hawaiian Rat.    AVitmer Stone, A.M., Sc.D.    Notes
on the Hawaiian Rat.    John F. G. Stokes.
Annual Report for 1916.
AVritings on .Aech.eology.
(By Clarence B. Moore.)
Aboriginal Sites'on Tennessee River.    Moore.
Some Aboriginal Sites in Louisiana and in Arkansas.    A Report on a Collection of Crania
and Bones from Sorrel Bayou, Iberville Parish, Louisiana.    Dr. A. Hrdlicka.
Antiquities of the St. Francis, White, and Black Rivers, Arkansas.    Moore.
Certain Mounds of Arkansas and of Mississippi.    Moore.
Moundville Revisited;   Crystal River Revisited;   Mounds of the Lower Chattahoochee and
Lower Flint Rivers.
Notes on the Ten Thousand Islands, Florida.    Moore.
Some Aboriginal Sites on Mississippi River.   Moore.
Some Aboriginal Sites on Green River, Kentucky.
Some Aboriginal Sites on Lower Ohio River.
Additional Investigation en Mississippi River.    Moore.
Some Aboriginal Sites on Red River.    Moore. ,
Antiquities of the Ouachita A'alley.    Moore.
Report on an Additional  Collection  of  Skeletal  Remains from  Arkansas  and  Louisiana.
Dr. Ales Hrdlicka.
Miscellaneous Publications.
Ninth Annual Report of the Kent Science Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1914.
Tenth Annual Report of the Kent Science Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1915.
Bristol Museum and Art Gallery—Report, 1916.
Illinois State Museum of Natural History—Report, 1911-12.
Illinois State Museum of Natural History—Report on the Progress and Conditions for the
Years 1913-14-15-16.    A. R. Crook, Ph.D.
Bulletin of the Charleston Museum, Arol. XIII., Nos. 1, 2, and 3.
Bulletin of the Charleston Museum, Vol. XIII, No. 4—Notes on Trees and Shrubs.    Paul M.
Rea.
Bulletin of the Charleston Museum, A'ol. XIII, No. 5.
Bulletin  of  the  Charleston  Museum,  A'ol.  XIII.—The  Polar  Bear  Group;   Bird  Life  in
Charleston.    Paul M. Rea.
Contributions from the Charleston Museum—A list of Avian Species for which the Type
Locality is South Carolina.    Arthur Trezevant Wayne.
Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago, Arol. XL, Nos. 1, 3, and 4.
Annual Report of the Children's Museum of Boston, A'ol. III., No. 3.
Annual Report, Department of Agriculture of Alberta, 1915.
Ninth Annual Report of the National Museum of Wales, 1915-16.
Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, A'ol. XV., Nos. S7, 88, 89, 9C, and 91.
'  Reprint from the Canada Year Book, 1915—Faunas of Canada. •
Bulletin of the Dominion Experimental Farm, No. 7—Seasonable Hints.
Bulletin No. 1—Natural Resources Survey of Canada. 8 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 35
Bulletin of the Geological Society of America—Silurian Formations of South-eastern New
York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Charles Schuchert.
Bulletin of the New York Botanical Gardens. A'ol. 8, No. 31.
Cleopatra's Barge Exhibition Catalogue.
Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Grand Rapids Public Library, 1916-17.
Thirty-sixth Annual Report of the Cincinnati Museum Association.
Ext. from Proc. of the International Congress of Americanists, Stuttgart, 1904—The Origin
of Syphilis  (Morbus Americanus).    Dr. Iwan Bloch.
The Lorquinia A-'ol. I.
The Lorquinia \rol. II., Nos. 2 and 4.
Ext. New South Wales Handbook—Zoology of New South AVales:   The Insects.    Walter W.
Froggatt
Proc. of the Linneaii Society of New South AVales—Australian Neuroptera, Part II.    Esben-
Petersen,  Silkeborg.
Proc. of the Liunean Society of New South AVales—Australian Neuroptera, Part I.    Esben-
Petersen.
Reprints from the American Journal of Science—Two New Fresh-water Gastropods from
the Mesozoic of Arizona.    AV.  L.  Robinson.
Reprints from the .Ymerican Journal of Science—On Pre-Cambrian Nomenclature.    Charles
Schuchert.
Reprints  from  the American Journal of  Science—Hebert's  Views  of 1857 regarding the
Periodic Submergence of Europe.    Chas. Schuchert.
Reprints from the Proc. of the National Academy of Science—The Earliest Fresh-water
Arthropods.    Chas. Schuchert.
Reprints from the Report of the Commission of Education—Education work of the Museum,
1016.    Paul M. Rea.
Reprints from the Journal of Geology—On the Structure and Classification of the Strotua-
toporoidea.    M. Heinrich.
Reprints from the American Anthropologist (N.S.)—A Remarkable Pipe from North-western
American.    H. I.  Smith.
Reprints from the American Anthropologist—Noteworthy .Vrchseological Specimens from the
Lower Columbia A'alley.    Harlan I. Smith.
Reprints from Science, N.S., No). XXIII., No. 5SS—Preliminary Notes on Archteology of the
Yakima Aralley.    Harlan I.  Smith.
Reprints from the American Journal of Science—The Problem of Continental Fracturing
and Diastrophism in Oeeanica.    Chas. Schuchert.
Farmers'  Bulletin, No. 95,  Dept.  of Agriculture,  New  South AVales—Sheep-maggot  Flies.
W.  W.  Froggatt,  F.L.S.
Ext. from the Australian Zooligist, A'ol. I, Parts 1 and 2.
Guide to the Peabody Museum.
Report for 1915-16, Oakland Free Library.
Separate from the Philippine Journal of Science—New or Noteworthy Philippine.
Winnipeg Industrial Bureau—Tenth Annual Report, 1916.
Miscellaneous Publications, No. I860 of the Agriculture Gazette of N.S.AA*".—Dips and Dressings used for Protecting Sheep from Blowflies.
Proc. of the Paleontological Society—Correlation and Chronology in Geology on the Basis
of Paleography.    Charles Schuchert.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by William H. Cullix, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1018.

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