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COMMISSIONER'S REPORT, VANCOUVER ISLAND RIOTS, 1913-14. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1919

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 COMMISSIONER'S REPORT, VANCOUVER ISLAND
RIOTS, 1913-14.
Victoria, B.C., December 21st, 1916.
To His Honour Frank Stillman Barnard,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—Pursuant to the terms of a Commission issued to me on the 3rd day of August, 1916,
under the provisions of the " Public Inquiries Act," whereby I was appointed " Sole Commissioner
to inquire into—
" All claims for compensation for injury, either to person or property, arising out of
and in the course of the riots or disorders which occurred during the coal-miners'
strike on Vancouver Island in the years 1913 and 1914,"—
I have the honour to report as follows:—
Fpon receipt of the Commission, I at once published the necessary notices in the Gazette
and newspapers circulating in the county in which the inquiry was to be held, took the oath
of office prescribed by section 6 of the " Inquiries Act," and entered upon the work of the inquiry.
Mr. Harry Langley was appointed Secretary and Stenographer, and Mr. H. W. Herchmer,
counsel to represent the Government.
Claims to the number of 380 were filed with the Commission, the great majority of them
within the time originally fixed by the notice calling for the same, but some during the sittings,
as on the opening day of the hearing I announced that any claims filed before the sittings were
closed would be heard, provided there was no unnecessary delay or expense incurred.
No claimant was refused a hearing. Sessions were held at Nanaimo and Ladysmith. The
Commission was opened at the Court-house, Nanaimo, at 2.30 p.m. on the 16th day of August,
1916, when the letters patent addressed to me were read and the scope of the inquiry explained.
Hearings were held at Nanaimo and Ladysmith from August 16th to September 30th without
any unnecessary interruption. On the latter date I had to adjourn sine die in order to attend
to my judicial duties and was unable to resume the hearings until the 22nd day of November,
when a hearing was held at Victoria. On November 27th hearings were resumed at Nanaimo
and continued until December 1st, when after due notice the hearings at Nanaimo were closed.
Two additional hearings were held at Victoria on December 14th and 15th for the accommodation
of two large claimants who had been unable to fully present their cases at Nanaimo.
Hereto annexed are two Schedules, A and B, showing the amount of each claim presented,
the amount of damage assessed by me, who represented the claimants at the hearing, and any
special circumstances which it seemed advisable that-I should bring to Your Honour's attention.
From the evidence adduced it is quite clear that between August 12th and 16th, 1913, there
was a general disturbance amounting to a riot among the coal-miners on Vancouver Island, and
that serious damage was done by them at Extension, South Wellington, aud Ladysmith to the
person and property of many people, and that had it not been for the aid of the militia, called in
at a late hour, much further damage would have been done.
I was not required by the terms of the Commission to inquire into the cause of the riots,
nor the efforts made by the authorities to prevent them; but incidentally some evidence was
given to show that there was a general feeling of uneasiness in the communities, and very
pronounced and justifiable fears that riots would take place, and that before any actual damage
was done these fears w7ere communicated to the Provincial police and authorities, and protection
asked for.
I am directed by the letters patent to report,'inter alia, "the opinions which you (I) may
have formed in relation to the matters aforesaid "—that being my inquiry into the claims for
compensation, etc. I do not understand that this requires me to express an opinion as to
the liability of the Government to make good the losses suffered by the claimants. Neither
Mr. Herchmer, representing the Government, nor counsel for the claimants addressed any
argument to me upon this point, although I asked them if they wished to do so.    I confined F 2 Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 1919
my attention to ascertaining and assessing the amount of damage done to person and property
arising ont of and in the course of the riots or disorders, and unless and until I first found
that the damage done was caused by and in the course of such riots or disorders, I made no
attempt to assess them.
I cannot say that I am thoroughly satisfied with the result of my labours; and it is quite
possible that I have done an injustice to some claimants; but I carefully and conscientiously
devoted myself to the task, and I feel sure that my findings in the vast .majority of cases are
reasonable and just. I did not enforce the strict rules of evidence pertaining mi the Courts,
but I required claimants to describe as well and as fully as possible the different articles they
claimed for, as that was the only way I had of forming any estimate of the correctness of the
value placed upon them. Many seemed to resent this, and thought it sufficient to say, for
example, one cooking-stove, value $60, and thought that that amount should be allowed them,
as it would cost that sum to buy a new one to replace the one lost; apparently feeling that that
was the measure of their damage, forgetting entirely that a new stove would have a larger life,
and that they could only be allowed for the value of the article as it existed at the' time of loss,
taking into account the make, the age, and the amount of use it had been put to.
It will be easily understood that I was greatly handicapped by the fact that the inquiry
was not held until three years after the damage was done.
In a number of cases claimants did not appear before the Commission to present their
claims; this was particularly the case with the Chinese. The majority of these claims were
prepared shortly after the disturbances and presented to the Government in anticipation of
some compensation being granted, and when the Commission sat many of them had disappeared.
By reference to Schedule A it will be seen that a large number of Chinese claimants who
appeared were allowed nothing; and I think a short explanation with reference to these might
be made.
Some fifty-odd claims, Nos. 168 to 219, both inclusive, were presented by Mr. Ross, barrister,
Nanaimo, who received his instructions from one Wo Kee. After the examination of a number
of witnesses Mr. Ross decided that he could not proceed with the claims and abandoned them;
and it appeared clear to me that while some of the claimants might have lost some things, the
claims as a whole were faked and thoroughly unreliable, and that in all probability Wo Kee had
made them all up since the Commission was issued. They had never been filed with the Government. I allowed nothing to any of these claimants, as it would be a hopeless task to attempt to
find the small amount of genuine loss from the tainted mass; and I think Mr. Ross agreed
with me.
The same remarks apply generally to the thirty-three claims, numbered from 340 to 372,
both inclusive, presented by Messrs. McGill & Grant, barristers, of Vancouver. These claims
had not been filed with the Government. Jang Yick Jon and Jang Dick were the prime movers
in the presentation of these claims, which were for the loss of a lumber camp, etc. They were
both called as witnesses; but after cross-examination I was unable to believe them, and so
stated. Mr. Dockerill, of Messrs. McGill & Grant's office, then said it would be useless to proceed,
and he withdrew all the claims. A number of the claimants were then interrogated by the
Official Interpreter as to whether they desired to proceed without Mr. Dockerill's assistance,
but they declined to do so; and it appeared to me that they felt greatly relieved in abandoning
their claims.
From inquiries made by me subsequently it appeared that the camp had not been destroyed,
and the teamster who carted the tents and provisions, etc., claimed for back to Nanaimo was
found.
The remainder of the Chinese claims other than those specially referred to in Schedule B
may be divided into two classes—those purporting to be presented by the Chinese Benevolent
Society and those presented by the Chinese Consul at Vancouver; both had been prepared and
presented to the Government shortly after the riots.
The Benevolent Society claims were represented when first called at the hearing by Mr. Eli
Harrison, barrister, of Victoria. Nineteen of these claims were considered. There was so much
irregularity in their preparation and so many unbelievable statements made that it seemed as
if I would have to refuse to consider them, although it was evident that some had suffered
genuine loss. I therefore adjourned the further hearing of these cases and caused private
inquiries to be made with a view to ascertaining, if possible, how many of them had actually suffered loss. After receiving a report these cases were taken up again, and were represented
by Mr. Victor Harrison, barrister, of Nanaimo. Schedule A shows how each of them was
disposed of.
From the evidence given before me it appeared quite clear that a deliberate attempt had
been made by one Lore Gune to impose upon the Government. Every claim wras grossly and
fraudulently exaggerated, and in the majority of cases the witnesses had evidently been schooled
and carefully instructed as to what they were to say. I found a number of cases of personation
—cases where claimants claimed to- have written with their own hand a list in Chinese of the
articles they had lost, and when put to the test were unable to write at all. One who claimed
never to have had such a list, on being asked what papers he had in his pocket, produced a list
containing the items claimed for. Others who claimed that no list of their missing goods had
been made were able to remember all the articles mentioned in their claim, reciting them in their
exact order, and giving the amounts set out with remarkable accuracy. I finally arrived at the
conclusion that the whole plan had been originated by Lore Gune, and that he was mainly
responsible for the fraud. I consequently allowed nothing to those claimants who appeared
to have been willing to assist his fraud, even though they might have suffered some loss. There
were other cases where the claimants were ignorant and appeared to have been deceived themselves ; to them I made an allowance generally of $25, feeling sure that that was probably the
extent of their loss. 1 may add that Lore Gune did not appear when the cases were called the
second time; and, of course, I acquit Mr. Eli Harrison of any part in the attempted fraud.
Since the inquiry closed I have been informed that while Lore Gune was an officer in the Chinese
Benevolent Society, and purported to represent it, he had no authority to do so, and in reality
only represented himself.
From these Chinese claims it is a relief to turn to those presented by the Chinese Consul at
Vancouver. These claims were carefully and honestly prepared, and with few exceptions were
allowed in full, -with a deduction for wear and tear, as the values placed upon the articles were
the prices when new, and the great majority of them had, of course, been used.
The Chinese Consul was represented during the inquiry by Mr. Victor B. Harrison, assisted
by Mr. David Lew, Assistant Consul. Immediately after the riots the Consul visited Nanaimo,
Extension, South Wellington, and Ladysmith, and by notice invited all Chinese who had suffered
damage to submit claims to him for presentation to the proper authorities; and had all the
Chinese availed themselves of this offer in their behalf, no doubt they would have profited by
it, instead of suffering through association with dishonest speculators. I can call them nothing
else; for, so far as I could, ascertain, they were to receive a percentage of the amount to be
allowed as remuneration for their services.
Among the claims of the miners were a number claiming for loss of time. This was
particularly the case with the Ladysmith claimants, all of whom, I think, so claimed; but
I allowed nothing on that account, feeling that such losses did not arise out of the riots or
disturbances, but solely because of the strike, and is an incident of every strike. The only case
in which I made any allowance for loss of time, and they were very few; at present I can only
recall two—McKinnon (No. 126) and Rennie (No. 31)—and these were cases where the claimant
had suffered personal injury and had to go to the hospital; and in their cases I allowed for the
time they were unable to work.
A number of claims were presented, including one of Thomas W. Gray (No. 40), for $31,000
for loss caused by fire at South Wellington in August, 1914.
It appears there was quite a large fire at South Wellington at that time in which Mr. Gray's
mill and a number of dwellings were destroyed. Before inquiring into the amount of the losses
I called for general evidence showing that the fire came within the terms of my Commission, as
the actual riots and disturbances had taken place long before this, although the strike was still"
on. From the evidence adduced it appeared that the fire started in the neighbouring woods or
bushes, and was carried by the wind to the buildings in question. The only evidence to suggest
that it had been set by the strikers was the fact that after the fire had been in progress in the
village for some time, quite a large number of strikers had gathered and they rendered no
assistance in endeavouring to extinguish the fire and save the property endangered; but this
I considered, unfortunately, the usual attitude of strikers, who would render no assistance to
preserve the property of non-strikers, no matter how the fire originated. I asked for negative
evidence to exclude the possibility of the fire in the woods having been started in any other way F 4 Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 1919
than by the strikers, but none was produced. At that season of the year, when everything is
so dry, and many people possibly passing through the bush, it seemed to me not at all unlikely
that the fire might have been caused inadvertently by any careless smoker having dropped a
burning match. In these circumstances I declined to inquire into the value of the damage done,
feeling that to do so would be a waste of public money and raise false hopes of remuneration.
It is needless to say, that the claimants were greatly disappointed.
The only claims for damage done in 1914 were those of James Rennie (No. 31), who was
actually attacked and shot by strikers, and that of Elizabeth Berry (No. 32), who was allowed
$58.75 for the destruction by fire on April Sth, 1914, of a tent, etc. Personally I made no inquiry
into the cause of the fire, because Mr. Herchmer, representing the Government, stated that he
had made inquiries and was satisfied on that score; so it being a small claim and an isolated
case, I only inquired into the amount of damage done.
There are two other claims which require special mention—viz., the Canadian Collieries
(No. 38) and the Western Fuel Company (No. 123). The former had a genuine claim for damage
by fire on August 13th at the time of the actual riots (as to which, see Schedule A), and in
addition a claim for some $300,C00-odd consequential damages for injury to the underground
workings consequent upon the inability to secure miners to keep the mine working.
The Western Fuel Company's claim was $72,256.19, being the cost of flooding and pumping
out what is known as the South Side Mine on account of a fire which was discovered in the mine
on August 10th and 11th, 1913. There is no suggestion that the fire was caused by the rioters
or strikers, but it is claimed that on account of the riots they were unable to obtain men to fight
it; and so after consultation with the officials of the mine and Mr. Thomas Graham, Provincial
Inspector of Mines, it was decided to flood it, and on the 23rd the work of pumping sea-water
into the mine was actually begun. It did not appear to me that every effort to obtain men was
exhausted before this step was taken; but there can be no doubt that Mr. Stockett, the general
manager, after the consultation already referred to, believed it was the only course to pursue to
save the mine. It is clear that before the necessity for flooding the mine arose the actual riots
were under the control of the militia authorities, and also that Mr. Stockett had been informed
by the strikers that he could get all the men he wanted' if he would recognize the "United Mine
AVorkers of America. It is equally clear,' I think, speaking generally, that the great majority of
non-striking miners were afraid to go to work for fear of injury to themselves or their families,
notwithstanding the presence of the militia, as the strikers might find a way secretly of causing
the injury.
From the evidence adduced it appeared to me that the inability to get men to work the mine
or fight_ the fire was an incident only of the strike, and did not in any true sense " arise out of
and in the course of the riots or disturbances." I therefore declined to inquire into the amount
of injury suffered.
When the Canadian Collieries claim for consequential damage was called,. Mr. H. B. Robertson, barrister, of Victoria, who represented that company and who knew of my decision in the
Western Fuel Company's case, made the following statement:—
"The Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, in presenting these claims for consideration
by the Government, desires to state that it regards its claims for damages to its property caused
by actual violence as a valid and proper one for which it is entitled to compensation. But that,
as to the second claim, it was not the intention of the company to make any claim for damages
caused through the idleness of the mines until the company learned that the Western Fuel
Company, an American corporation, had made a claim for. damages caused through idleness;
whereupon this company, a Dominion corporation representing British capital, feels that if the
claim of the Western Fuel Company is to be considered, then the British-Canadian bondholders
of the Canadain Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, are equally entitled to consideration. But if
the Government should decline to consider the claim presented by the Western Fuel Company
for underground or other damages caused by idleness, then the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir),
Limited, will beg the permission of the Government to withdraw its second claim which is based
upon these same grounds."
I agreed with Mr. Robertson that in the circumstances it was unnecessary to offer any
evidence; and I recommend that, in case the Government decides to consider the Western Fuel •
Company's claim, his claim should also he considered and an opportunity given of presenting
proof. 9 Geo. 5 Commissioner's Report. • F 5
Should the Government eventually decide to consider eithel" of these cases, I respectfully
suggest that the extent of the damage done could be much more expeditiously and cheaply ascertained by entrusting the inquiry to a practical mine manager and accountant than to this
Commission, as it lacks the technical knowledge which would be required and could only be
supplied by a large amount of expert advice.
Accompanying this report I am forwarding to Your Honour my notes taken down during
the inquiry; also all claims presented, whether proved or not. My notes are very brief, and
are contained partly on separate sheets of paper and partly in marginal notes on the particulars
of claims filed. All the .notes are numbered and arranged in numerical order for convenience
of reference;   the numbers also correspond to the numbers given to the claims in Schedule A.
I am also forwarding the stenographer's shorthand notes of the full evidence taken, together
with such portions as he has transcribed for my reference and convenience.
As I followed the plan of taking the evidence during the day of as many claims as possible
aud working during the evenings settling the amounts to be allowed thereon whilst the evidence
and the impression made on me by the witness was still fresh, I have found it unnecessary to
have the full notes transcribed.    This can, however, be done if desired.
Accompanying this report is a memo, of the time occupied by the inquiry and the expenses
incurred, all of which is respectfully submitted.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. B. GREGORY.
SCHEDULE A.
In this Schedule the names of the persons through whom the claims were filed are indicated
by initials, and are as follows:—
" E. M. S."—Elliot, Maclean & Shandley, Barristers, Victoria, B.C.
" Hddgson "—J. Hodgson, Estate Agent, Nanaimo, B.C.
" Self "—Presented by claimant personally.
" V. H."—Victor B. Harrison, Barrister, Nanaimo, B.C.
" H. B. R."—II. B. Robertson (Barnard, Robertson, Heisterman &. Tait), Victoria.
" E. M. Y."—E. M. Yarwood, Barrister, Vancouver.
" C. G.—Chinese Consulate, Vancouver, B.C.
" Walkem "—W. W. Walkem, Real Estate Agent, Ladysmith.
" Cunliffe "—C. F. Cunliffe, Barrister, Nanaimo.
" H. E. P."—H. E. Ponsford, Notary Public, Qualicum Beach.
" Lowe "—I. E. Lowe, Estate Agent, Ladysmith.
" Potts "—Beevor-Potts, Barrister, Nanaimo.
" J. Ross "—Barrister, Nanaimo.
" C. B. S."—Chinese Benevolent Society, Victoria, B.C.
" McG. & G."—McGill & Grant, Barristers, Vancouver.
" S. W."—Means South Wellington.
" "—The dash, where it occurs in "Amount allowed" column, means that the
claim was heard and no allowance made. F 6
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed.
No.
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
Wm. Moore	
Ezra Bramley	
Wm. Burt	
Jos. Shires	
L.  Lumbard   .......
W. Bradley	
John Campbell	
Wm. Simpson	
Evan John   	
F. Beban	
James White   	
Joseph Foratana
G. Schivardi 	
John Giaeoma  	
F. Passerini   	
Samuel Thompson  . .
John Michie  	
Charles Maclean  . . .
Arthur P. Glenn   . . .
James Dick	
Wilson  Goodwin   .. .
R.  Valentine   	
D. Lambert	
Wm. Cosier	
John McLeod	
Percy John 	
J. H. Cunningham .
John De Rose	
Joseph Cuffolo  	
George Taylor  	
James Renmie	
Elizabeth Berry  . . .
F. Hilley	
James Smythe   	
S. MeKeown	
Thomas Smith
Alexander McCrory
Canadian Collieries
J. A. Baxter	
T.  A.  Gray   	
Daniel Bow	
Wm. M. Brown .
James Kronk . . .
D. L. Williams . .
C. Hurd	
L. & W. Wright
R. Romeo  	
V. Blito	
F. Polito  	
D. Kapparigria   .
G. Gelonese
A. Voracalli
T. Gelonese	
J. Nicifuto 	
J. Domineck . .. .
R. Polifrom ....
N. Souverini  . .. .
R. Pisto	
A. Brindisi 	
Nick Frento	
Rappili Arcuri ..
R. Giardini	
96 75
1.964 50
102 25
594 50
198 20
1,071 00
3,S21 20
486 10
477 40
1.149 90
449 00
1,872 30
1,610 35
822 20
5,318 15
664 40
3,666 65
2,279 40
988 45
519 75
579 00
1.054 00
3S6 00
934 25
595 00
185 75
5.258 25
152 25
7,500 00
6.102 30
2.055 00
75 75
67 10
142 00
81 50
318 50
216 50
16.763 37
1.600 00
31,836 20
280 50
700 00
2.151 50
206 00
157 00
1.000 00
139 00
335 50
2.420 75
, 434 75
649 75
315 65
305 50
320 00
225 25
196 50
240 00
1,855 65
358 10
258 50
427 00
252 00
E.M.S.
Hodgson
Self
Self
V. H.
H. B. R.
V. H.
E.M.Y.
Self
E. M. S.
50 00
1,073 00
81 80
340 75
140 70
920 35
2,152 20
275 00
314 75
922 00
400 00
958 45
S05 15
482 00
2,868 30
347 50
2,412 15
1,315 50
782 75
403 25
538 50
697 00
263 05
679 10
502 00
130 60
2,798 95
50 00
1,200 00
58 75
51 00
136 50
65 50
283 00
182 50
12.396 25
265 05
1,422 43
For self and family.
For self and family.
$S00insurance collected.
S. W., 1914.
S. W., 1914.
See Schedule B.
See Schedule B.
See Report.
See Schedule B.
See   Schedule    B    and
Report.
S. W., 1914.
No proof offered. The
great majority of
these men are Italians, believed to be
serving in the war. 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.
F 7
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
Name of Claimant.
jVmount
claimed.
Amount
allowed,
Remarks.
63
64
65
66
67
6S
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
• 87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
US
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
A.  Rossi   	
A. H. Nieullo	
Ben Volenti  	
' F. Smatto  	
F. Salvati	
F. Smatto et al. . ..
A. Ceuerilo et al. ...
Wing Wah Chong Co.
Sing Chong & Co. ..
Kwong Lee & Co.  . .
Hon Lang	
Chow Yick Tung . . .
Fung Chong Mon . ..
Soo Dung Ohoy ....
Chow Ging Fook . . .
Chow Shee Sun  ....
Chow Nee Sun	
Chow Kum Jam ....
Chow Wey Hou ....
Ju Ying Dong	
.Tu Yen Kay	
Lum Tan 	
Chan Kum   	
Chan Yick Chen	
Yip Sta Fun	
Chow Shee Shing . ..
Chow Wat Yung . . .
Chow Lin Yick  	
Chow Fey	
Chow Yow Ying . . .
Yip Bing Sun	
Chow Fook Yung . ..
Chow Mow Fun ....
Chow Woy Ying . . .
Chow Wing Sun  ....
Jee Gum	
Jang Kie Dong  . .
Jung Kay  	
Jong Jam   	
Jang Hong  	
Jang Ling	
Jang Mah Quong . . .
Jan Yock	
Jan Kwan	
Hou Yim	
Yang Nom	
Jang Yip'si Camp . . .
Jee Chum Chew ....
Jang Yen	
Ng. Ting Ten	
Jung Yip	
Jang Hou Tai 	
Wong Jee Yar	
Yang Hing Young . .
Jang Hou Suen ....
Jang Pang Chi	
Jan Lum & Co	
Jang Lun	
Ho Yue On	
Jang Jow Chow ....
Western Fuel Co. . . .
D.  Sabiston   	
A. TJren . . . -.	
A. N. McKinnon  . . .
271 00
280 00
193 00
314 00
157 75
161 40
90 65
6,174 00
2,177 65
3,464 72
59 00
12S 50
150 10
43 45
47 95
71 00
67 50
81 90
55 00
20 90
50 00
50 50
87 75
42 25
56 30
31 25
49 10
37 45
44 50
40 50
31 00
33 00
59 75
46 00
63 75
60 25
337 05
85 15
55 15
71 80
77 85
167 75
89 15
46 25
84 70
120 85
84 90
93 20
51 45
71 60
74 65
75 00
46 80
S3 55
64 90
75 45
83 75
60 10
116 65
109 40
72,256 19
238 54
48 85
40,644 45
E. M. S.
V. H.
CO
4,040 00
1,470
00
2,442
46
50
2(1
104
60
112
00
38 36
43 25
61 50
65 65
41 95
39 30
28 SO
35 60
32 40
4S
00
51
00
235
75
49
61
65
05
75
41
72
SO
-15
00
E. M. Y.
Walkem
Walkem
Cunliffe
74 56
57 '30
63 45
63 75
55 15
64 15
94 65
95 25
190 84
39 85
7,913 75
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
See Report.
See Schedule B. F 8
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
101
1-62
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
Name of Claimant.
John Barclay	
Robt, Bickertom	
Robt. Bonner	
Est. of R. Collisrer . .
Dan. Campbell	
John Davidson	
John Foster  	
J. P. Frauland	
Wm.  Gilchrist   	
James Glenn	
David Gourlay	
William Kerr	
Patrick Malone   	
Priscilla  Marsden   . . ,
Henry  Mitchell   	
James P. Ninemo ....
Benj. Rozzano   	
A. & J. Richards ....
George Smith  .......
John McLennan  	
Constant Muyleast  ..
A. Parker  	
Chas. Rice  	
Mrs. Mary Harker  . .
Mrs. Chas. Nurd	
Hillis Coulter  	
Alexander Wright . . .
Mary Dixon   	
William Ross	
James B.  Weir   	
Joseph AVatson  	
Alexander McLaughlin
Robert Houston	
Christina Houston . . .
John Houston .......
J. Baxter	
James Strang	
John Ross	
Smithson Bros	
Robert Gordon	
Mary Cameron	
Wong Len  	
Wong Wing	
Fong Sing Lung 	
Jan Wing	
bum Doi	
Fong Kum  	
Wong Ho    r.
Wong Lin	
Wong Top	
Wong Top Oam	
Wong On   	
Wong Hong   	
Wong Chong	
Wong Yok  	
Wong Shen	
Wong Let  	
Fong Sing	
Hou Look  	
Fong Lee	
Chum Lui Say	
Amount
claimed.
152 22
138 25
115 15
94 70
132 87
159 12
161 85
35 25
108 32
223 42
220 60
23 45
193 65
36 00
297 40
226 67
128 25
25 50
174 92
392 85
568 50
445 00
392 65
219 15
147 00
659 25
37 15
156 00
34 00
148 95
149 70
150 75
76 15
27 50
79 20
38 70
30 80
87 12
17 55
234 90
1.220 00
60 75
104 00
155 75
142 50
139 65
131 30
70 35
66 50
84 15
140 00
97 70
106 40
76 75
66 75
61 65
57 50
148 10
142 10
146 75
67 75
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Walkem
Hodgson
H. E. P.
Lowe
Walkem
Lowe
Walkem
B. Potts
J. Ross
44 00
49 35
56 90
77 20
24 30
31 25
30 00
21 40
73 15
81 00
21 45
55 75
36 00
44 90
100 00
15 00
45 45
34 35
356 75
31 65
32 00
64 25
14 35
15 45
25 00
3S 70
17 55
SO 50
Remarks.
Loss of time only.
See Schedule B.
S. W., 1914.
S. W., 1914.
S. W., 1914.
S. W., 1914.
S. W., 1914.
See Schedule B.
Loss of time only.
Loss of time only.
Loss of time only.
No proof offered.
Loss of time only.
S. W., 1914. 9 Geo. 5
' Commissioner's Report.
F 9
Statement showing Name of Claimant,. Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
2,13
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
Chong Yee  	
Mar Mong Pon	
Mar Gee	
Fui Kin	
Mar Quick Kwong  . . .
Wong Shang	
Mah Been Shen	
Mar Yock Shen	
Chi Hing Chong  	
Wong Quong   	
Wong Don	
Wong Sen	
WoDg Fo  	
Wong Jung	
Wong So	
Wong Po	
Wong Fan  	
Wong Fan	
Wong bum  	
Wong Tan	
Ma Sam Sing	
Kun Chin Get	
Mar Kee	
Mah Chum   	
Wong Kum	
Dom Chum Hi	
Mah Shew Shun   	
Cheong Poy Kee	
Quong Shew Long . . . .
Ng Chen Get ,.
Wong Shown! Man
Dong Cheong Lung . . .
Chung Wing You
Ng Doy June	
Mah Chong	
Low Kong Yuen	
Ng Pack  	
Wong Lee Goom Chung.
Shin Leon	
Mah Chu Quon  	
Yee Yuk Sun.	
Fong Yock Yin  	
Wong- Sick Hong	
Ho Dun Wing	
Fong Duck Kee	
Fong Wing Kee	
Dong Shong   	
Fong Mow	
Ho Chow	
Mah Min Hang	
Mah But Chong	
Chuie Lee Sing	
Chuie Lim Sam	
Chuie Yee Kay  	
Chuie Wong Hang
Lee Wan	
Tso Yun Hing .. ..	
Gee Kwong Toi	
Ng Sin Lim  	
Ng Hing Bord	
Ng Ah Tai	
55
37
S3
65
46
69
54
70
70
46
67
80
55
96
88
74
66
206
118
208
5,674
,84
62
77
56
40
61
53
41
84
41
87
78
7S
224
117
94
300
88
00
25
25
75
00
75
50
25
50
25
50
75
75
20
50
75
10
15
80
65
25
50
25
00
00
75
00
50
25
50
30
75
85
60
30
10
45
35
J. Ross
101 00
124 00
138 20
182 40
115 20
104 00
110 80
75 75
133 SO
95 00
71 00
82 50
166 00
150 90
152 90
111 25
86 So
85 00
117 95
91 55
139 50
184 55
C. B. S.
$      25 00
25 00
25 00
-15 00
25 00
25 00
Abandoned by Mr. Ross
after examination of
Nos. 170, 171, 173,
184, 185, 186, 192,
193, 20S, and 215.
These claims were
presented to Mr. Ross
by one Wo Kee,
and proved to be
thoroughly unreliable.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered (died
in April before the
riots1).
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered. F 10
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
,264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
Chew You Kin .. .
Ny Doy Yin  	
Chew Dong Sing .
Chew Quock Que .
Chew Bing Tew . .
Jung Kang  	
Chue Jung Wing .
Ho Chat  	
Ho Yin Sam	
Chew Quon.Yimg .
Fong Yip Quong  .
Sam. You	
Mok Yet   	
Ho Wah   	
Ho Choy  	
ITong Chin Kee . . .
Lai Dong Chong . .
Mah Yuen Sun ...
Pack Lit	
Chang Ah Chun .
Wong Chow
Wong Wing  	
Low Sung  	
Chow Yee War ..
Mah Jung Chong .
Hong Kew	
Jing Ding	
Dong Chee  	
Lowey Gan Teoi  .
Ng Ying Tip ....
Font Duck Kee . .
Ho Ming Yock  ...
Ho Fook Hong  . .
Fong Fung Hall .
Fong Yip Won . ..
Fong Lap Yen ...
Fong Wing Fee . .
Fong Hack Sing .
Fong Son Wah   . ,
Ong Joy Jee ......
Sam Tin Sing  . . .
Shim  Shong   	
Ho Fook Chong . .
Lau  Wong   	
Fong Dat Sam . .
Fong Yip Sing . . .
Chan Chun Tong ,
Chin Sang	
Fong Chong Yong
Fong Dun Gee . .,
Ho Chung 	
Wong Gar 	
Jung Fook 	
Quock Quon Sing
Mah Poy Jing ..,
Mar Yuet 	
Ng Doi Sue	
Hooey Toi 	
Ng Doi Dai ....
Cheey Sai Fat ..
Chuie Him Sing
Chuey Lin Ping
Tso Quon 	
176
94
95
194
199
92
194
113
' 149
99
112
156
135
161
12S
146
142
85
150
73
80
139
119
64
119
186
144
1,087
58
122
102
152
158
103
92
117
91
104
83
130
158
210
191
122
113
81
136
109
423
95
87
95
134
96
60
327
87
1.030
46
88
117
77
72
10
50
55
60
90
20
30
50
OS
70
55
10
40
35
33
55
78
70
95
35
70
30
80
20
70
85
50
65
05
15
25
85
96
75
10
15
50
30
70
80
20
25
08
85
80
31
35
20
85
75
95
50
80
20
25
50
75
50
15
00
30
30
00
C. B. S.
25 00
250 00
25 00
25 00
20 00
No proof offered.
50 00
15 00
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
Laundryman;  for self.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered. 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.                                              F 11
Statement showing Name of
Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
Name of Claimant.
• Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
312
$          95 50
C. B. S.
No proof offered.
313
240 25
v
No proof offered.
314
Wong Chung Keet  ....
247 45
j;
$       75 00
315
Hong Fung Yuen  	
10.S45 00
,,
150 00
See Schedule B.
316
Ng Ying Ho	
98 75
317
-  2.220 00
See Schedule B.
318
Ng Doi Chin   	
58 75
-15 00
319
240 25
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
320
121 70
321
Jane McMillan   	
20 00
Walkem
V
I 70
322 .
John  R.  Russell   	
6 75
(
J 75
323
James   Bateman   	
2,189 50
J. Ross
1
324
James Rutherford	
1,167 50
,,
325
267 50
326
257 00
„
327
Mrs. Percy Turner ....
156 35
„
328
Mrs. R. C. MacKay  . . .
240 50
,,
329
Mrs. Ed. Fielding	
400 00
,;
330
Mrs. H. Ruckledge  ....
435 00
Jt
S.W.,1914.   (For South
331
448 90
,,
I     Wellington fire, 1914,
332
Mrs.  Elizabeth Alice   . .
985 00
,T
See Report.)
333
William Brown  ........
725 00
„
334
Robt. Jas. Arbuthnot . .
960 00
,,
335
Thos.   Laithwaite   	
555 00
„
336
George Richardson   ....
1.000 00
„
337
695 00
,,
338
I.   S.  McMurrav   	
716 50
„
339
Leonard Richardson  . . .
754.00
j,
340
Jang Dai Lun   	
59 85
McG. & G.
341
Jang Wah Son   	
75 60
j,
342
Gee Con Yin   	
60 60
,,
343
73 85
344
Jang Duck Toi  	
77 10
345
Jang Jung Gip   	
56 35
,,
346
Gee Took Kee	
96 05
M. & G.
347
69 10
348
67 60
349
83 35
,,
350
72 60
351
Jang Wah Hee  	
68 10
352
75 35
,,
353
58 35
,,
354
Jang Lue Doo  	
69 60
,,
Withdrawn   by   Mr.
355
75 10
,,
Dockerell for McGill
356
78 60
,,
!■     &    Grant.     (See
357
63 .85
„
Schedule B and Re
358
Jang Wah Goon   	
54 85
„
port.)
359
Jong Wah June   	
62 10
,,
360
Jang June Wah	
62 85
,,
•
361
56 85
,,
362
Jang Guey Goon	
52 60
,,
363
77 60
,,
364
58 60
,,
365
69 35
,,
366
67 15
„
367
67 60
,,
368
OS 60
,,
369
71 60
„
370
75 50
,,
371
Jang Jung Ying   	
70 35
,,
372
77 60
,,
373
Carpenter, A. C	
Hodgson
Taken   away   and   not
'•
filed. F 12
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount j^llowed—Concluded.
No.
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by
.Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
374
375
376
Fong Chun Mun  	
Young Yet Ming	
$       154 25
81 95
192 25
282 60
345 00
73 25
110 30
C. B. S.
V. H.
$       96 15
100 00
50 00
48 85
No proof offered.
377
Ho Qui  	
378
379
Mah Bong	
3S0
Totals  	
$323,9S5 12
$56,878 60
SCHEDULE B.
No. 31. James Renney.
This man was not injured by rioters, but by strikers, in April, 1914. He was attacked and
was shot with buckshot, necessitating an operation and three weeks in the hospital. From the
effects of his wounds he has developed varicose veins, and will have to undergo another operation.
I have allowed him for clothing destroyed, operation, and ho.spital charges, also for time lost
while in hospital; and similar allowances for the second operation, which is necessary to restore
his full working power.
I have made, no allowance for pain aud suffering, as that does not seem to come within the
scope of this Commission; but if that were allowed, I would think his 'claim of $2,055 most
reasonable.
No. 32. Elizabeth. Berry.
This claim wa's for the loss of a tent, etc., on April Sth, 1914. Lpon my proceeding first to
inquire if the damage had been caused by rioters or strikers, Mr. Herchmer, representing the
Government, stated that the Government would admit the damage was so caused, as he had made
inquiries and had satisfied himself on that point. I therefore proceeded to assess the damages
sustained.
No. 39. James Baxter.
This man is a contractor at Nanaimo, and suffered from a gunshot wound which confined
him to the hospital for ten days.    His claim is for:—
Medical and hospital expenses   $   100 CO
Loss of time and suffering       1,500 00
Total      $1,600 00
The only evidence given as to expenses incurred was, hospital expenses about $30. His
evidence of damage through loss of time was most unsatisfactory, and his business was carried
on just the same. Claimant says he suffered agony, but I do not consider that compensation
for bodily pain comes within the scope of this Commission.
In any case, I cannot recommend the payment of any sum to this, claimant. There is
evidence that he sympathized with the strikers, if he did not actually take part in their doings.
He mixed freely with them, and one of them had suggested to him that he take a gun. He had
no business at the time being within four miles of the disturbance. He had heard that there
was shooting going on, and had actually been warned twTice not to proceed. His wound was, I
believe, an accident which never would have happened had he not been guilty at least of idle
and foolhardy curiosity. But my opinion is that he went to the scene of the trouble and mixed
with the strikers and rioters with a view of at least leading them to believe that he was in
sympathy with them and their doings.
No. 40. Thomas B. Gray.
This very large claim was for the loss of a sawmill at South Wellington, burned on August
11th, 1914.    The mill had not been running for some mouths previously. 9 Geo. 5 Commissioner's Report. F 13
Before going into the details of the loss, I stated to Mr. Yarwood, who represented the
claimant, that I would first require evidence that the fire was caused by strikers (the riots
had been over for a year). Mr..Yarwood replied that he was unable to offer any other evidence
than that already heard with reference to the 1914 fire at South Wellington. On my stating
that that evidence had not satisfied me that the fire was caused by strikers, Mr. Gray gave some
formal evidence, and the claim was not further proceeded with.
No. 126. Alexander Neil McKinnon.
This man has been terribly abused.    He and his family were actually blown up by a bomb.
Fortunately his family escaped personal injury.    But he is permanently injured, as follows:—
(1.)  Right arm amputated at the elbow:
(2.)  Right eye seriously injured, only a quarter normal vision left, and sight of left eye
endangered:
(3.)  Hearing more than half destroyed; right ear practically useless; ear-drum destroyed,
and left ear very defective:
(4.)  Private parts badly injured and deformed:
(5.) Legs in a very bad condition, with scars and adhesions, and power of locomotion
interfered with.
Before the injuries occurred claimant was a big strong man, earning about $6 a day as a
miner. He is no longer able to perform manual labour, and he has not at present the educational
qualifications for clerical work ; but he is only thirty-four years of age, has normal mental
faculties, and, strange as it may seem, after his terrible experience, his nervous system is only
slightly if at all impaired, and be can, if given the opportunity, qualify himself for clerical
employment.
No amount of money can compensate him for the injuries he has received;   and under my
interpretation of the scope of the Commission, I cannot allow him anything for pain and suffering.
I assess his actual damage as follows :—
To furniture, ete.   $   111 25
Share of injury to house (see note to Hillis Coulter, Claim No. 152). .       302 50
Personal injuries     7,500 00
Total   $7,913 75
In estimating the personal injuries I have been governed by what I think from my experience
a jury w-ould award; but it might easily be increased to $10,000, but even that sum would in
my opinion be inadequate.
No. 143. Benjamin Rozzano.
This man's claim is for:—
Damage to property    $ 24 25
Loss of time and hotel expenses      104 00
Total   ' ,   $128 25
Sixteen dollars would have covered the actual damage, if he had stated that he returned
to work when the others did.    After claimant left the room I learned that he had joined the
strikers, and had not returned to work until March, 1915.    I wished to examine him on these
matters, and sent word of this;   but although he agreed to return, he failed to turn up.
I cannot recommend the payment of any money to him.
No. 152. Hillis Coulter.
This claim is for damage to the house occupied by Alexander McKinnon (No. 126), which
was wrecked by a bomb. At the time of the explosion Mr. McKinnon had agreed to purchase it,
and had made some payments on account of his purchase. After the explosion McKinnon was
unable to continue his payments and surrendered the house to the claimant. At my. suggestion
Mr. McKinnon and Mr. Coulter came to an agreement whereby Mr. McKinnon was to be allowed
$302.50 on the house being restored.
Mr. Kent, a contractor, estimated the damage to the house at $659.25, and I have accepted
his figures, and therefore allow Mr. McKinnon the sum of $302.50, and Mr. Coulter the difference
between that amount and $659.25—viz., $356.75.    This, I think, will be more satisfactory than F 14 Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 1919
allowing the whole amount to either one or the other and having them make a payment back;
besides, it provides against accidents in the matter of payments.
No. 315. Hong Fung Yuen.
This claim, originally filed with the Chinese Consulate, amounted to $10,345 00
Not including repairs to buildings, fences, fixtures, and fittings, afterwards claimed at   500 00
$10.S45 00
As filed with Commission        9,945 00
As amended and filed by Mr. Henderson       3,995 00
This claim I believe to be absolutely fraudulent and an impudent attempt to impose on the
Commission, and I cannot recommend the payment of any part of it. It is so unreliable that
it is open to the suspicion that the little damage done was connived at by the claimant. The
only damage done to the building, fences, and fixtures was the breaking of one window.
My previous preliminary inquiries caused me to suspect, or rather believe, that the claim
was a fraudulent one, and I determined to visit the shop. I invited claimant's counsel, Mr. Eli
Harrison, to accompany me, but he declined, and when on my return the case was called he
declined to proceed with it and withdrew. At claimant's request the hearing was adjourned to
enable him to obtain other counsel.
The most casual observation was sufficient to enable a child to see that the claim was more
than grossly exaggerated.
When the case was eventually heard the claim had been reduced to $3,995; but even then
there was no serious attempt made to prove the value of the stock alleged to have beeii destroyed.
A claim was made for the loss of $2,605 alleged to have been in the safe. But the
circumstances disclosed render it impossible for me to believe this statement. The safe was
undoubtedly broken at some time, and apparently by a sledge-hammer from the outside, but
the condition of the hinge-bolts, the door-bolts, and the interior woodwork make this impossible
of belief, and the combination button was absolutely undamaged. I feel satisfied that the safe
was opened in the usual way, and the damage done afterwards as a blind—which rioters would
have no object in doing.
The shelving and fixtures were absolutely untouched, and many packages of tea, drugs, etc.,
still remained on the shelves when I visited the premises. (The place had been locked up and
abandoned, with a Chinaman living in the rear.)
I have assessed the damage at $150, but I consider it an extravagantly generous estimate,
and I only make it because Mr. Mainwaring, wdio saw the place a few days after the riot, said
that the floor was covered with tea and rice, etc., at that time. The only physical damage he
saw to the buildings, etc., was one broken window in the front; but claim was made for $500
under this heading.
No. 317. Bing Kee.
Claim  was  made for  the  total  destruction  of  a  house  in  riot  of
August, 1913     $1,500 00
And injury to other buildings at same time        720 00
Total   $2,220 00
Claim was also made for a number of buildings subsequently burned, amount unstated.
Mr. Bing Kee was asked to provide full particulars in writing of his claim, showing the
damage done to his several buildings. When his claim was called this request had not been
complied with, and he said he preferred to abandon his claim rather than do so. I informed
him through his counsel, Mr. V. B. Harrison, that he must do so, as otherwise I had no means
of checking it.    He thereupon formally abandoned that portion of his claim.
No evidence at all was offered in support of the claim for buildings burned subsequently
to August, 1913.
I heard the evidence with reference to the claim for house burned in August, 1913, during
the riot. Bing Kee was the only witness called, and he declined to state positively that it was
burned then; said that he was not there at the time, but that his son had so reported it to
him, etc.    The son was present at my inquiry, but was not called.    Subsequently, when inves- 9 Geo. 5 Commissioner's Report. F 15
tigating another claim (No. 228), a Chinese witness stated that Bing Kee's house had been
burned in June; but Mr. Mainwaring, who had made some investigations shortly after the
riots, said the place was burned at the time he was there, and he understood it had been burned
during the riot in August, 1913. In these circumstances I told Mr. Harrison he would have to
furnish further evidence, and he replied that he could get a Mr. McKay, who was an engineer,
at the mine, to so testify, and I directed him to produce this witness the following morning.
This was not done, and the following afternoon the Nanaimo sittings closed. I wrote Mr.
Harrison on December Sth and 9th on the subject, and asked him to obtain at least a notarial
declaration from some white man as to the date of burning. At the time of writing this report
I have not heard further from Mr. Harrison; but I am to-day in receipt of a report from Mr.
William Goodwin, who was a special constable at Extension from May 2nd, 1913, to September,
1914, stating that the building was burned between June 28th and July 1st; and in view of the
evidence of Claimant No. 228, I have accepted the unsworn report, and allowed Bing Kee nothing
for his claim, which I am now satisfied was fraudulent and that he was a party to the fraud.
Nos. 340-372.
These claims were presented by Mr. Dockerill, of the firm of Messrs. McGill & Grant. The
claims are for the loss of personal effects and a lumber camp, with tents and equipment, alleged
to have been destroyed in August, 1913.
General evidence was heard, and some addressed to Claims Nos. 355, 366, and 364. The
main witnesses were Jang Yick Jon and Jang Dick, who in my opinion proved unworthy of
belief. In my preliminary investigations I had been unable to find any trace- of any such loss
as claimed by these claimants, who claimed that everything, including tent, blankets, and
provisions, had been destroyed.
There were a number of suspicious circumstances connected wTith these claims.
Some time after I had disposed of these cases I was informed by Mr. Hastings, whom I
asked to make a private investigation, that so far as he could ascertain there had been no loss,
and that all the tents, provisions, etc., had been taken to Nanaimo to a certain Chinese store,
and he had found' the teamster who had hauled them in.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by William H.  Oullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,
1019.

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