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The Western Call May 19, 1916

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Array Subscribe to the  restern Call  Jl.OO Per Year  Mos. 50 cents  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Kesrney  J. M. Mclntyre  Funeral Director  T. I Kearney & Go.  Funeral   Directors  and Exnbalmen.  At your service day and  night.  Moderate charges-  802 Broadway Wert  Pbone: Fair. 1098  |)LUME VIII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA^ FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 2.  OUSING RECRUITING MEETING  HELD IN HOTEL VANCOUVER  Steps for inaugurating an ener-] our favor. We must try by moral  |etic campaign of moral suasion  arouse "slackers" to a reali-  lation of their duty to the British Empire  in its time of need  Ivere taken at the mass meeting  lield at the Hotel Vancouver on  Monday night last, the formation  >f a Citizens' Recruiting League  )eing decided upon and a cbm-  nittee   appointed   to   make   the  (Jiecessary arrangements. Rousing  speeches were delivered by prominent local    men    representing  lifferent walks of life and vari-  >us  religious  denominations and  Igreat enthusiasm   was manifest-  led at the gathering. After near-  [ly two  hours  of interesting  ad-  [dresses   and   discussion   the fol-  |lowing resolution was passed:  'That this meeting of people  af. Greater Vancouver express its  inalterable determination   to use  "���������very effort in its power to assist in bringing the war in which  khe Empire is now engaged to a  [successful  and glorious termination, and, to assist in this pur-  jose that a recruiting league be  formed to secure available    and  eligible men   for    our   overseas  Eorces. That such league shall be  loperated   and   carried on   by   a  [committee of one hundred    and  [shall consist of representatives of  Ithe city  of Vancouver and  sur-  [rounding municipalities and also  [of    representatives   of patriotic  and other organizations  and of.  citizens interested  in the  mover  ment."  The following citizens were appointed to form a nucleus of the  committee: Mr. Justice Macdonald, Mr. W. H. Malkin, Mr. H.  C Hay ward, Mr. H. 0. Bell-Irving, Mr. S. J. Crowe, Mr. J. D.  Byrne, Mr. G. F." Gibson, Mr.  Charles Macdonald, Mr. J. H. McVety, Rev. Principal Vance, Rev.  Principal Mackay, Rev. Father  0'Boyle, Mr. Frank Bowser, Mr.  R. P. McLennan, Mr. Justice Clements, Mr. F. W. Peters, Mr.  R. A. Corbet, Mr. C, E. Tisdall,  Mr. J. Fyfe-Smith, Mr. R. G.  Macpherson, Mr. HxH. Morris  and Mr. A. D. Taylor, K.C.  To Stimulate Recruiting  In opening the meeting Mayor  McBeath, who presided, said he  was sure from the attendance  that the hope of the promoters of  the gathering that it would serve  as an inspiration were surely realized, lie explained the steps  that had been taken by Hamilton, Winnipeg and other cities' to  stimulate recruiting' by forming  citizens' leagues to act in conjunction with the military au-  -thorities. His worship pointed out  that British Columbia had no  cause to be ashamed of what had  been accomplished so far in this  direction, but at the same time it  was necessary not to relax any  effort to do even better.  Mr. Justice Macdonald was the  first speaker called upon. "We  are here to solve a very difficult  problem," he said. "We have to  ,-see what can be done to get more  recruits. The cause , is one in  which Ave are all vitally concerned���������it is one very dear to all of  ���������tis. We must evolve a scheme or  a number of schemes which will  .arouse fresh and additional interest in those who have not yet  felt the call of duty. It is incumbent on all of us to help  share the burden of this war.  British Columbia has done nobly  but the battle is not yet won.  Many more men are wanted to  "help turn the tide of victory in  suasion to convince the eligible  men that they must serve if victory is to crown our efforts."  Expressing the view that like  many others he believed that  compulsory military service offered the most satisfactory solution of tlie difficulty of obtaining sufficient men for the  overseas forces, Mr. H. 0. Bell-  Irving, of the family which has  several members fighting with  the Canadian forces, stated that  every effort must be put forth if  the objective of. 500,000 men from  Canada was to be attained. He  emphasized tha fact that those  who remained at home had their  duty to perform, too. Everyone  must be imbued with the spirit  of self sacrifice and be brought  to a realization of the fact that  the future of the Empire was at  stake at the presen time* He seconded the resolution.  Looked for Definite Results  Cordially endorsing the resolution Rev. Principal Vance said  that he was confident that if the  issue were placed squarely before many of those who had not  yet seen the light definite results  could be produced without compulsion. He thought! that a committee of one hundred members  was too large, and lie expressed  the view that no one: who was  eligible for military service himself "had a right to ask any one  else to sign up for war duty. A  plain statement of facts placed  before the men of. the city and  district would, he had no doubt,  bring about a ready response. He  deprecated the propaganda of  certain recruiting officers who  appealed to employers to bring  pressure upon their help, giving  them the alternative of enlisting  or being discharged. It was for  each man to decide for himself,  he said.  Ex-Mayor Baxter, as chairman  of the Vancouver branch of the  Canadian Patriotic Fund, dealt  .with__the.,question froinjheuangle  with which he is chieflly indenti-  fiecl. He pointed out that it was  the duty of those at home to see  that those who went overseas  were assured of their dependents  being looked after during then-  absence. The Canadian Patriotic  Fund was performing this duty,  he declared. "Adequate provision is being made," he said.  "Every man enlisting can go  with the realization that his loved ones are being cared for  and that they will not want while  he is away."  Hearty endorsation to the motion was accorded by Rev. Father O'Boyle in a ringing, inspiring address. "The majority of  the first Canadian contingent,"  he said it had been pointed out,  "were old countrymen. This had  been used as a reproach on the  Canadian-born. We Canadians  were not bred to war���������it Avas  new to us. It took us some time  to arrive at a realization of what  it means. But now that Ave have  aAvakened Ave are resolved to see  it through. We knoAV that the  allies Avill Avin, but Ave Avould feel  badly about it Avhen it Avas all  OA*er if Ave knew Ave had not done  our part. The Canadian spirit is  abroad tonight���������it can be felt in  the surcharged air of this meeting ��������� the Canadian-born will  shoAV that their national honor is  as keen as that of other nations.  We will prove to the Avorld at  large that the spirit of honor liasJ  been implanted from the old  Avorld and flourishes in the neAv.  I hope that Premier Borden, who  now no longer is merely the head  of the Conservative party, but a  leader of Canadians Avho has promised to furnish 500,000 of his  countrymen for the service of the  Empire, will get his men without  conscription.  That Half Million  "The future of the Empire is  in the balance���������what are we going to do about it?" This Avas the  pertinent question raised by Mr.  Charles Macdonald. '-This meeting is the most important ever  held in Vancouver," he declared. "The honor of the nation is  in the balance at the present time.  Never mind any argument about  what this province has already  done on a basis of population.  Let us concern ourselves with  Avhat we are going to do now.  Recruiting is falling off. We  Avant advice from all who have  suggestions to offer. Men and  women of Vancouver, take this  to heart: What can Ave do? Let  us see that everyone here���������I take  it that all the men present who  are not in khaki have some reason that prevents them from  joining.���������puts forth every effort  to get more men. Let British Columbia take a foremost place."  Rev. Principal Mackay briefly  reviewed the situation in the  various theatres of war to prove  the contention that it was now  more necessary at the present  time to put forth extra effort to  turn the tide than at any previousstage of. -the great .world-  conflict. The crest of the strug^  gle Avas nearly reached; the crucial point was at hand. Unless the  Huns were thrown back a stalemate would undoubtedly occur  that Avould be intolerable. A psychological condition existed ���������  men Avere urgently needed to  strike a decisive blow for liberay  and all that Avas held most dear.  The 500,000 men Avhich Premier Borden had promised from  Canada, pointed out Professor  Odium in an impassioned address  which aroused great enthusiasm,  only represented some 6 1-2 per  cent, of the total population. As  a native-born Canadian he made  a particular appeal to his coun-  tryinen to go and do their duty.  He' scored the business institutions and citizens here Avho he  declared Avere employing alien  enemies while their country Avas  involved in such a serious crisis  in its history. At no time was  it more necessary for discrimination to be shown than noAV, he  said.  On behalf of the Navy League,  Mr. John Ronald expressed cordial endorsation of the plan to  form a recruiting league. He said  that Prof. Odium had struck the  right note when he spoke about  alien enemies being employed in  this city.. "They are the Avorst  enemies Ave have," he declared.  "Jfhe German-Americans come up  here and secure good positions  and gloat over those who are unable to obtain employment. Preference should be given to our  o-^ro people. Preference should  b|< given to our own people. An  active recruiting league was  needed.  Xl?he! singing of the Maple Leaf  brought to a close one of the  most enthusiastic meetings ever  held in this city.  DEMANDS ON PATRIOTIC FUND  ARE RAPIDLY INCREASING  The following statistics of the  receipts and expenditures of the  Canadian Patriotic Fund in the  province of British Columbia for  the month of April last, will give  the general public an idea of the  amount of money required to assist the dependants of those on  overseas service.  Contributions received by the  provincial secretary from all  points, excluding Vancouver,  $56,123.22; Vancouver branch,  $21,386.49; total April contributions, $77,509.71.  Disbursements were: Vancouver branch, $52,851.33; provincial branch (approximate), $51,-  000.00; total, $103,851.33.  From the foregoing it will be  noted that the expenditures have  been some .$26,500 in excess of  receipts, the deficit] having been  made up by the head office of  the fund at OttaAva. In this connection it may may be stated that  the Canadian Patriotic Fund is  national in its scope, all monies  contributed being deposited to  the credit of the hon. treasurer  of the national executive, Hon.  Sir W. T. White, minister of finance, all main branches of the  fund  requisitioning each  month  The Conservative Club of  Ward IV. held an enthusiastic  meeting in their new club rooms  on the corner of Commercial and  Parker streets on Tuesday night.  Mr. Jones Avas in the chair, and  Mr^ H^rpe^ ^  tral Conservative Association,  Mr. Walter Leek and Mr. Thomas  Duke, Conservative candidates  for the coming election, and Mr.  J. J. Miller, Avere on the platform. Mr. Harper opened Avith  a short speech addressed to the  ladies, and Avas folloAved by Mr.  Leek, Avho spoke on the Avork of:  the present session of the legislature in shipbuilding, mining, and  Avorkmen's compensation. Mr.  Duke declared himself in favor  of Avoman's suffrage and commented on the silent courage aud  heroism Avhich women have  shoAvn in this time of.war. Mr.  Miller showed that the giving of  the vote to women in Australia  lms brought cleaner politics and  higher ideals to that country, and  hoped that Canada Avould not be  laggingj behind her sister colony. A musical and vocal programme Avas rendered during the  evening.  Lay  delegates  to the   annual  conference of the Methodist  church in British Columbia,  Avhich is to be held next Aveek  in the Mount Pleasant church,  Avere appointed at tAvo meetings  of the Avest and the east Vancouver districts, Avhen reports  from the churches for the past  year Avere made. Those appointed  from the east district are: Messrs. A. L. Derrick, J. D. Millen,  F. J. Cox, A. S. Cox, T. C. Calender,    H.    H.    Hotson,    Geo.  Beavers, F. A. Cull, J. Roye, C.  B. Archibald, J. W. Jackson, G.  E. Kyle, F. Shoemaker, J. E.  Plant, W. Findlay and H. A.  Bell. Those appointed from the  western distriet, which is east  of Main street^ are: Messrs. Geo.  Wa rd, g7 RrGordon7~WT E? Pin-  chin, Wm. Savage, R. Sparling,  W.H. Malkin, E. Mayeock, E. S.  Pearcey, W. W. Wyun, F. E.  Henderson, Geo. Deering, W. II.  Garret, Jonathan Rogers and E.  Estabrook. The reports from the  churches Avere very encouraging,  in view of the adverse circumstances created by social and financial conditions. Attendance  at the Sunday schools Avas reported on the increase, and the membership had not decreased as  much as had been looked for  considering the departure of so  many men. It is expected that  over 250 delegates from all over  the province will attend tiie conference, Avhich opens on Wednesday next, though preliminary  meetings AvilL be held by some of  the departments on Monday and  Tuesday. The conference Avill last  for a Aveek or ten days.  Noted Evangelist Coming  On June llth the boy preacher  and his father,'of London. England, Avill commence a series of  eA-angelistie sendees at the Mt.  Pleasant Baptist church.  from him the estimated amounts  required for the succeeding  month. The national executive  expects the public generally in  the Dominion to contribute to  the fund, such contributions being placed in the general fund  for use Avhen and where it is  needed.  The Vancouver   branch,   com  prising the cities of Vancouver,  North Vancouver, the municipalities of North Vancouver, Pt.  Grey, West Vancouver, So. Vancouver and Richmond, is one of  the largest branches of the fund,  and during the month of April  assistance was given to 2,539 families, Avith , 3,814 children, and  with the recruiting for the new  battalions noAV under organization, this number -will materially  increase month by month. In this  connection the following comparative statement Avill be of interest:  April, 1916, families assisted,  2,539; children, 3,814; amount,  4$52,851.33. January, 1916, families assisted 1,699; children, 2,-  508; amount, $34,885.61. Increase  in three months, families, 849;  children, 1,306; amount, $17,-  965.72. '  From official figures received  the total enlistments in British  Columbia up to April 30 last  Avere 28*756 men, of whom 17,-  814 have already proceeded overseas. The total number of soldiers' dependents assisted by the  fund throughout the province at  that date was approximately 5,-  000 families, or 17 per cent, of  the total enlistments.  The executive committee of  the Vancouver branch therefore  appeals to its contributors, especially those who have promised monthly donations, to be  prompt in their payments, thus  saving the committee the additional Worry of tracing up many  small amounts.  EXHIBITION DIRECTORS  REDUCE ENTRANCE FEE  Baptist Church Services  At the Mount Pleasant Baptist church Rev. A. F. Baker, pastor, Avill preach at both morning  and eArening services. Morning  subject, "The Second Coming of  Christ." Evening subject, "The  Ideal Man."  Many matters Avere considered  at the regular monthly meeting  of the directors of the Vancouver Exhibition Association last  Wednesday afternoon, but the  main fact that Avill interest the  public is that for this year's exhibition four admission tickets  can be- had-for- one-dollar instead of 50 cents each, and a single ticket Avill be purehaseable  for 35 cents.  On motion of R. W. Holland  and G.-Williams the following resolution Avas passed unanimously:  "Authoritative news has reached us that the military authorities' have rescinded the orders to  constitute a camp at Vernon this  year.  "And whereas it is the desire  of. this association to aid in every  possible way the effort to secure  more men for the needs of the  Empire; and whereas the occasion of our annual fair in .June  Avill-offer an admirable opportunity to arouse the enthusiasm of  the people and stimulate recruiting; and Avhereas a great  military spectacle is the means  best calculated to .attain that end.  ".Therefore be it resolved that  this association appoint a committee of ten to confer first with  the citizens' recruiting body just  formed and Avith their assistance take the question up Avith  Col. Duff Stuart, and through  him Avith the military authorities, seeking their co-operation  and assistance in our effort to  give the people of this province  a military display that Avill  arouse their patriotism and enthusiasm to  the   highest pitch."  The B. C. Stockbreeders' Association and the B. C. Dairymen's  Association    Avrote     announcing  their hearty co-operation, and  also announcing that the associations would Avork toAvards tbe  making of the Vancouver annual  exhibition  another success.  The superintendent of schools  of Vancouver Avrote stating that  the exhibit from the various  schools this year Avould be a credit to Vancouver, and therefore  something Avorthy of the inspection-of -visitors -=��������������������������������������������� ������������������-���������������������������  It Avas announced that Dr. Mc-  Eaehren Avas preparing very elaborate plans for the Better Babies' contest, and there is a probability that it Avill be, as it Avas  last year, one of the greatest of  its' kind in America. Last year  Vancouver exhibition scored tAvo  perfect babies under all tests  and examinations, and New  York at its better baby show  did  not have one.  It was announced that tlie  racetrack had been put in very  fair shape.  The prize lists are well under  way and will, it was stated, be  a credit to the association.  A number of letters from outside points regarding the arranging' of excursions were left to  Manager Rolston and the attraction and transportation committee to take up Avith the raihvay  and steamship companies interested.  WEATHER REPORT  No  36  Week ending May 16-  rain. Bright sunshine, 86 hrs  mins.: highest temperature. 68  deg. on the 16th; lowest temperature, 36 deg. on the llth.  Word has been reeeiA'ed from  Pts. Geo. Blair. Avell known in  Mt. Pleasant, avIio Avas Avounded  recently. Pte. Blair is fast re-  coA-ering in England. i.*.!%iE-.,iv,a;ti.-ii?.^r.!;'U',t,i;)r_l.'viiij:c21i������.i,:  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday. May 19, 1916  VANCOUVER IS THE GREATEST  PORT ON THE PACIFIC COAST  *5=  Prior to the evening session of.  the Associated Boards of Trade  on Friday night last, unfortunately not in time for publication  in last week's issue of The Western Call, Mr. Thompson, president of the Vancouver Board of  Trade, read an interesting paper on "Vancouver as a rail-  Avay and shipping terminal." The  address, interest in Avhich Avas  enhanced by a number of lantern slides of the leading ports  of the Avorld, contained a fund  of information, and at its close  the lecturer Avas accorded a  hearty vote of thanks. After  referring to the necessity for the  development of a receiving and  distributing port on the Pacific  seaboard, "which, he said, Avas  becoming more and more apparent every day, the lecturer said:  In 11 years previous to the outbreak of this unfortunate and  disastrous Avar, 2,118,712 immigrants landed in Canada and  during the fiscal year ending  March 31, 1913, 354,237 immigrants landed in this country. In  12 years, ending with 1915, railway mileage will have been increased from 19,000 to 36,000  miles and $1,000,000,000 will  have been .expended on railway  construction throughout the  country.     The Canadian Pacific,  the original transcontinental rail-  Avay, AArill be double tracked and  extended in many directions,  Avhile two new trunk roads Avill  be added, and jt is safe to say  that no country in the \y.orldhas  done so muchxrailway building  in proportion to population as  has been done in Canada.  To shoAV that Vancouver has  been lavish in her generosity in  providing terminal facilities to  the railway systems terminating  on this harbor, the Canadian Pacific terminals on Burrard Inlet  and False Creek cover several  hundred acres, Avhich they not  only received as a gift, but Avere  exempt from taxation for at least  10 years. The Great Northern at  the head of False Creek controls  some 450 acres. It may be true  this company got ahead of the  city by purchasing the riparian  rights from individuals, which  gave them the control of the access to the waterfront, but this  did not give them control of he  bed of False Creek without the  consent of the city. The city not  only gave them this, but it al-  loAved them to dig an unsightly  ditch right across GrandvieAV for  the purpose of filling in the bed  of the creek and making valuable  land, and at the same time filling  in   and  destroying a   water  Sacrifices that are not made from choice.  HOUSES  WEST END���������9-room strictly modern house on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. on full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining joom, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception room in expensive paper, the  4,bedrooms have washbowls with hot and cold water,  the large front bedroom has artistic fireplace. Property  was formerly valued at $22,000. Today's price, $8,900.  On terms.  ROStNEY ST.���������Semi-business,   25   ft.,   in   the   first block"  off Pender St., closest to Pender, with 10-room house,  rented, clear title,  old time price, about  $22,000.  Today for $8,300.   Tterm.s '    ^  FAJEVJEW���������Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  '.' Ave. and East of Granville St. on lot 62%^by 100 ft.  and garage. Has hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000. Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000.    7% per cent. Balance arrange.  KITSRiAlfO���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet and bookcases, furnace, fireplace, bath and toilet separate, gas and electric light. Sold for $7,500. Today for $4,500. M^ge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  GBANDVIEW���������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has full basement, furnace, laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  ���������walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was  sold for  $4,500.  KITSILANO���������Most  attractive  5-robm  bungalow,  new,  on  10th  avenue, on   full 33 ft.  lot., has hot  water heat,  hardwood  floors, beam   ceilings,   pannelled walls,   bath  "~aM toilet se^^^^  and extra toilet, stone pillars in front, cement walks,  best hardware. Price $3,500. Mortgage $2,000. 8 per  cent. Balance arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������On Third Ave. near Commercial* St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ft. Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  KITSILANO���������3-year-old modern house on 8th Eve. on  large lot 66 by 132 ft., has hardwood floors, furnace,  fireplace, bath and toilet separate, valued at $6,000.  Today for $3,150. Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange.  LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious location, .is a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold hero as high as $2,500, but owner hard up  sell for   $600.  POINT GREY��������� On the brow of the hill near 22nd and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2   lots on   8th   Ave.   ner   Burns   St.,   cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50   ft.  lot on 10th  Ave. near  Laurel  St.  for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE WEST���������33 ft. near  Trutch St. dirt cheap  .it $1300.   Also 50 ft. between  Fir and Pine Sts.  for  $2800.   Formerly held  at $17000.  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and Jackson  for  $7600.  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  "Strathcona   Place   cost   $4000 for   $1500.  A   splendid  homesite.  KINGSWAY���������33 ft. near Nanaimo St. for $450.  " SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for   $75.  ACREAGE  SURREY���������.152 acres near Port Mann about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth Road for $37 per acre.  BURNABY���������31/, acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000.  GIBSON'S LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  "Roberts Creek 2 acres cleared, 2 slashed balance alder  and small fir creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 years' old, assorted and small fruits. Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear deeded  lots- or house not too far out.  ALLAN BROS.  REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. 2873  area equal to the Mersey Docks  in Liverpool. Not content Avith  this, hoAvever, three years ago,  Avith our eyes open and a value  on this property, the city handed  over to the Canadian Northern  another 80 acres of False Creek,  for Avhich we have received nothing but promises, although  money has been borrowed on this  property and used for other  purposes. This 80 acres contained  a Avater area just equal to the  Mersey Harbor Commissioner's  Docks at Birkenhead, or, in other  Avords, Vancouver has made a  free gift to tAvo railway corporations, and one of them a foreign  corporation, of a harbor or wa-  ter area equal to the Avhole of  the Liverpool and Birkenhead  docks, which they are filling in  for terminal purposes equal to  five times the acreage of the  Grand Central Terminal in NeAV  York city, which cost the New  York Central .$150,000,000, and  this generous gift was made without any condition, that part of  this water area should be preserved for docks or shipping purposes. It is true the Great Northern has provided a wharf on  Burrard Inlet, near the sugar refinery, as an outlet for the  freight that may come and go  over their oavii road, but no facilities for general shipping has  been provided by either of  these raihvay systems, and it is  questionable if the Canadian  Northern will ever carry out the  agreement with the city regarding the $2,000,000 depot and  the $1,000,000 hotel, we heard so  much about from the promoters  pf the scheme to give away this  great heritage of the city of Vancouver.  Dealing with the harbor orport  phase, the lecturer continued:  The jurisdiction of the Vancouver Harbor Board extends  from Point Atkinson and Point  Grey to Port Moody, a distance  of approximately 17 miles, with  an average width of about three  miles, which gives approximately  50 square miles of water area,  perfectly land-locked and sheltered from wind and storm from  any quarter. It has been my privilege to visit most of the great  ports, not only in Europe, but  in many other ports of the world  and,I know of no port where nature has done so much toAvards  the making of a perfect harbor  as she has done in Burrard Inlet and English Bay. It is equally  true that I know of no port  Avhere man has so signally failed to improve on nature's handy  work as in the case in this magnificent harbor of Vancouver. -We  speak of Vancouver as being the  Liverpool of the Pacific coast,  and undoubtedly Vancouver  stands today geographically in  the same relative position to  Western Canada, ihe Avest coast  of North and South America, the  Orient, and the islands of the  Pacific as Liverpool did at the  beginning of the 18th century  to the eastern part of the United  States,Europeandthe   Indies.  The port of Liverpool explains  the power and possibilities of artificial development, as it consists of a series of docks constructed in most cases on the  foreshore and entered by means  of gates from the river; thus the  entire shipping of the port, Avhen  once docked, is entirely free from  the annoyance of tide variation.  The Harbor Board own' 17 dry  docks, of Avhich the Canada Graying dock enjoys the distinction  of being the largest graving  dock in the Avorld. The total  water area of the Li\rerpool  docks and basins is 418 acres,  and the lineal quayage or wharf -  age is 27 miles, and the total  Avater area ' of the Birkenhead  docks and basins is 166 acres and  nine miles of wharfage, or a total Avater area of 584 acres and  a-Avharf mileage of 36 miles, and  the total area of the dock es-  Birkenhead, is only 1677 acres,  tate, including Liverpool and  and  the  27 miles of Liverpool's  lineal quay or wharfage length  is concentrated within about  eight miles of waterfront. Contrast this with Vancouver's 34  miles of Avaterfront and 32000  acres of water area, exclusive of  False Creek, and you Avill readily  conceive the possibilities whieh  lie before Vancouver as a natural terminal and distributing centre. Liverpool has always been a  large port of transfer, where  her ocean imports have been distributed to foreign and home  ports not trading directly Avith  the large trade centres situated  in far off ports of the Avorld, and  this is the type of. port business  which Vancouver should strive  to develop and for Avhich she is  peculiarly situated.  Shipment of Wheat  In a recent conference betAveen  the general manager and vice-  president of the C. P. R., and the  council of the Board of Trade,  the question of shipping Avheat  through the port of Vancouver  was freely discussed. For many  years the question of shipping  the Avheat of Alberta and Saskatchewan to a Pacific port in  preference to the long haul to the  Atlantic seaboard has been under  discussion and consideration.  Heretofore the head officials of  the C. P. R. and eastern interests have been against the western outlet. Natural conditions  however, have at last broken  doAvn sectional prejudice, and the  power which for years have opposed, now freely admit that the  natural solution to the present  deadlock and congestion of traffic from Winnipeg to the Eastern Atlantic seaboard is the shipping of all grain produced west  of Svvift Current via the Pacific  coast i route. This will become  more and more apparent as the  grain production pf the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan  increases, and the mining, lumbering and fishing industries of  our own province continue to  develop. To this end the intelligent development of the port of  Vancouver is a supreme necessity,, and to accomplish this the  Harbor commission should be reconstructed on business rather  than political lines, and while  both Dominion and Provincial  governmtnts should have representation on the harbor board,  the various business interests, including the different municipalities within the jurisdiction,  should not only have representation,   but  should control    the  paid only to officials such as sec-  retary,_ engineers .���������_ and. harbor  masters. It Avould then1)e possible to arrange harbor dues and  fees to cover the expense of running the port Avithout unduly  taxing shipping. There is a great  difference of opinion as to Avhat  constitutes a free port. Many  argue that as nature has done so  much for us here it is not necessary to spend money on improvements, and that shipping should  not be frightened aAvay by harbor dues, etc. This, I think, is not  only false reasoning, but false  economy. The expense of operating the port must either be provided for by imposing dues'' or  out of the general taxation, but  I am not aAvare of any port  Avhere dues of some sort are not  charged to the shipping using the  port.  The type of business to encourage and develop in the Port  of Vancouver is that which is  known as ocean ship to coasting  ship and inland railways. That is  from different parts of the Avorld.  Cargoes arriAre in large ships,  are sorted and reshipped in  smaller coasting ships to foreign  or local ports. Requirements for  this trade are commercial centres  convenient points of delivery,  minimum customs charges and  restrieti\-e regulations, large  storage and warehousing faeili-  tnes and equipment for cheap  handling. Liverpool, London and  Hamburg are prominent examples of this kind of business.  OFFICE  TO  RENT  The accommodation and service that we are giving is  of the best. It is shown by the number of offices that  have been i*ented during the past few months. There are  still some to be had which Ave would be pleased to show  you by applying at the Rental Department.  North West Trust Company, Limited  Seymour 7467. ^ 509 Richards St.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design. _  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1888  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per  cent,  to  7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building 543 Hastings  St.  West  Phone Seymour 8171-  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  j      We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE ANP RETAIL.  THE FIRE SEASON  IS  HERE AGAIN  Advices to the Minister of  Lands from the southern interior of the province mark the beginning of the fire season, small  hoard. Bemuneration should   be^jgres    being    reported  from   the  Cranbrook, Nelson and Vernon  forest districts.. In =thefirst:nam-  ed district the late spring is retarding the growth of vegetation  so essential as a check upon fires  running along the ground and  burning the carpet of pine needles, twigs, dry leaves, etc. A hot  and dry wind from the south  is drying up the vegetation in  the Okanagan and Similkameen  districts, while hot weather prevails throughout the Vernon district generally. Farmers and settlers are reminded that permits  are inquired for all fires set from  the beginning of May, for which  application should be made to the  local fire wardens, campers,  sportsmen and travellers are  urged to exercise every care in  extinguishing camp fires, and the  co-operation of all sections of the  community is desired, in order  that damage to property may be  avoided. It is worthy of mention that in 1915, 305 fires out  of a total of. 1031 outbreaks,  were traced to campers and travellers ; while 267 were caused  by land clearing operations.  Damage hy fires to the timber in  1915 amounted to $109,000, and  other property, viz., logging  equipment, farm houses and  buildings, etc., $58,000. The majority of all fires in 1915 were, as  usual, due to human agency, and  were, therefore, preventable. Particularly this season, when the  Empire is engaged in a vast and  wealth-destroying war on a scale  hitherto  unth ought of, it is  the  duty of every citizen to assist in I  preserving our resources from'  avoidable destruction.  THE   0UTI.AW  By Jackson Gregory. Published by  McClelland, Ooodcbild & Stewart,  Toronto. '  making a  ,..___LThe,-__)i_tla"ffii!-Js-.a.���������4e-c'dedly---teadT,  able and entertaining st/ory of the Far  West, -"iint only for its gripping romance, but for the breezy atmosphere  so characteristic of the western plains  and hills.  The plot centres about a boy of  twenty-four, who, in his experience  and youth glories in his name of  '���������Outlaw," unci his reputation as a  bad man,- which lin has acquired in a  little town called "Queen City,"  where a few pedagogic souls help him  on to the downward path by their unsympathetic and ridiculous treatment  of 'him.  Into this state of affairs a new influence enters, that of a young girl,  an Easterner, who understands Hal's  character and realizes his possibilities. And she succeeds in  man  of   him.  Subsidiary to the romantic plot is  .���������in exciting cattle stealing plot which  is handled with great verve and is  the best part of the story. It involves many unusual situations, and  some murders are committed before it  is   ended.  Vhe author has painted some very  vivin-i": pictures of western .elemental  conditions, a landslide and a fearful  storm in which our heroes and heroines are caught in a death trap which  they barely   escape.  One of the cleverest characters in  the story is a gambler, Victor Duf-  resne, also a cut-throat and desperado, and who is yet "a man." The  finest characteristic is John Brent, a  wandering preacher and plucky comrade, whose heart is as big as he is.  A very picturesque figure he is as he  rides Ms mule Nieodemus through the  snow-covered valleys at great personal  risk to carry food and cheer to his  mountain-trapped companions. Mrs.  Estabrook is well described and a  light touch of the brush renders her  very  lifelike.  The story would make an excellent  subject for' motion-picture artists,  with its wealth of' description, its rapidly-moving dramatic events and  many   tense   situations. Friday, May 19, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  AMERICAN ARMY STRENGTH  |The other day the,United Sta-  fired a salute of twenty-one  |.ns to   signalize   the inaugura-  >n of its campaign of prepar-  Iness by trying to enlist  3,000  len   before June   1.   Both     the  Irmy  and Navy have no doubt  pen improved in many respects  [nee the outbreak of the    great  [ar.     But there is still consider-  ile   truth in   the   criticism    of  Jtr. Sydney Brooks, in The Nineteenth Century Arid After.    Additional interest is lent to his re-  Jnarks by the fact that they were  published in July, 1914, only a  few weeks before the war start-  id.  Mr.   Brooks   stated   that   the  [strength of   the   American army  [was   less   than   80,000   men, of  [whom  only 54,000, including the  3oast and garrison artillery were  serving in the country, the  bal-  lance being stationed in the out-  llying American possessions from  ���������which it would be dangerous to  [divert them, even in the event of  Ian emergency at home. The peace  {manoeuvres,   which are   such   a  [useful feature in the training of  [other armies, find little   or   no  [place in the United States. Os a  [matter of fact, the 54,000 men already mentioned spend the great-  ler part of their time in  attending to the parks which surround  their barracks. If a danger call  were sounded unexpectedly there  would be considerable delay in  concentrating these 54,000 troops  at the danger point, because they  are scattered over about fifty  military posts situated in twenty-  four states and territories, and  hundreds  of miles  apart.  Thirty-one of these posts have  a capacity for less than a regiment each; only six have a capacity for more than a regiment;  and only one can accommodate a  brigade. The average number of  men at eax;h post is six hundred  (and at no single post are there  more than 2,500 men). An American secretary of war has placed  himself on record in the following terms:  The American army has no  tactical organization at all. Its  men have no opportunity to learn  the war game as a matter of  team play between the different  arms. Its infantry, cavalry and  artillery have no opportunity to  work in the harmonious unison  which modei'n war requires. Its  higher officers receive no training in the handling of large forces of troops. Soldiers spend their  time in watching property, officers in keeping accounts, instead  of learning the art of. war. And  as a result we have a scattered  police force instead of a highly  trained body of  regulars  which  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged by other dentists has  hitherto prevented yon haying your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  _____ TO  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH.I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR,  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to  all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer - Painless  Dentist     COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  should be the striking arm of the  republic in case of need.  There is, too, the State Militia,  who number about 120,000 men.  They would have to be trained,  as the British Territorials and  the Canadian militia were trained, but that takes time.  The armies of this Empire  were ridiculously disproportionate to the vast interests to be  defended, but so long as the  British were supreme at sea, the  rest was only a matter of time.  Nevertheless, if Great Britain  could have thrown half a million  men into France, or better still,  into Belgium, immediately on the  outbreak of the war, the position  of those countries, and incidentally the whole Allied position  would have been much stronger  than it is today.  Mr. Brooks points out that the  American Army only numbers  about 80,000 men, but even that  is short of the authorized limit���������  apart from the recent proposals  of President Wilson���������by twenty  per cent. At . the time of the  Spanish-American war, the army  of the latter nation was only  25,000.  Many people have wondered  why these 80,000 are scattered  in such apparently useless positions, obviously of no value  from a strategic point of view.  The explanation is that after the  Civil War, the people of the  United States had, or seemed to  have, no use for an army. America then was considered to be invulnerable because of her distance from the European tinder  heap, and also because the great  majority of her men at that time  were trained to arms. A few regiments were, however, retained  at various points along the frontier, west of the Mississippi to  watch over the Indians, maintain  the mail routes, and so on. Since  then the Indians have ceased to  be a menace to the national peace  the frontier has been extended  to the Pacific, and whatever  strategical justification ��������� these  fifty outposts ever had entirely disappeared. Nevertheless, as  Mr. Brooks points out, they have  been kept up by the power of  local pressure and vested interests. While Mr. Brooks hits  hard at the antiquated system  under which the so-called army  of the United States is organized, he. pays a generous tribute to  its personnel. He concedes the excellence of the human material  turned out by the Military Academy at West Point. He goes so  far as to express the opinion that  a soldier graduate from AVest  Point" is probably thermost" scientific and finished product of any  similar academy in the world.  He undoubtedly places his finger  on a weak point in the administration when he suggests that  the sudden relaxation of the rigid discipline of the Academy,  coupled with the unnatural conditions of life at the army posts,  induce deterioration to a greater or less extent, but he endorses the well-known saying of the  Washington correspondent of the  London Times that "Much that  is cleanest and best in American life is to be found scattered  through the army posts of the  country."  All that was written a few  weeks before the present war  broke out. It may be interesting-to reproduce Mr. Brooks' estimate of the Mexican situation:  The Mexican situation confronts, oi* must soon confront,  tlie United States with a military problem of a more formidable character than any it has  been called upon to face since the  Civil War. One cannot foresee  precisely how or when intervention on a big scale will take  place. One can only be sure that  in spite of all attempts at mediation, of President Wilson's sincere but awkward attempts to  save the Mexicans from themselves, and of a general distatse  among the American people for  the \indertaking that lies   ahead  of them, intervention in the long  run will prove the only alternative to an indefinite state of  anarchy. And though the actual  amount of. fighting may not be  very serious, still to invade, occupy and hold down a country of  15,000,000 people, and some 750,-  000 square miles, is not a small  enterprise for any army. Even if  things take the happiest possible  turn���������and they have a knack of  being kindly when the Americans  go to war���������even if diplomacy  does not go ahead of military  preparations, even if the invasion of Mexico can be represented as a war of liberation rather  than of aggression, and the Mexicans can be kept divided among  themselves, and large numbers  of them induced to remain neutral or actively side with the invaders from the north, not less  than a quarter of a million men  will probably be needed to seize  the widely seperated strategical  points, to overcome whatever  armed resistance may be offered,  to put down brigandage, to guard  the lines, and to enforce conditions of order and security.  That was written in July  1914. With the events of the intervening period fresh in his  memory the reader will be able  to draw his own comparison and  make his own comments. Mr.  Brooks appears to have had a  good understanding of the Mexicans, but he utterly overlooked  the Germans as an element in the  situation. Many people will agree  with the Irishman who, declared  that "all prophecies should be  written after the events which  they forecast.  <I When yoit do a thing by telephone, you do it now. Not tomorrow or a couple of days  hence. But fight at the moment.  <l A telegram means another  telegram, and at the best a  wait of part a day. A letter  means further correspondence,  and a delay of days.  <% The Telephone is Instantaneous! It gives direct action!  You get your answer in a moment!  1������ The telephone will take you  far or near. Appointments  can be made to talk at any  time. Special rates between %  p. m and 8 a. m.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited.  FOLLY OF THE  POTSDAM PRESS  ���������<:=  Mr. L. J. Maxse, editor of The  National  Review, writes  as  follows to The London Times:  ' JOne has no   right  to   be  sur  prised at anything appearing in  the    editorial    columns   of The  Westminster Gazette, but I con  fess   to   having   been   staggered  by its brazen assertion that when  the crisis   broke  in  the summer,  of  1914  "our   attitude  differed  in no material respect from that  of The Times itself," which follows   the   equally hardy   statement   that   "if it   was   pro-Ger-  man to have done what little we  could in the years before the war  to avert the struggle, which  in  the end  proved   inevitable,    we  admit the impeachment."  I venture to say that no organ  of the press, eitherih~ this country or in Germany, is more responsible for the great war than  your "sea-green incorruptible  contemporary. For years, but  particularly since Agadir, it had  devoted itself in season and out  of season to two objects���������namely, to mislead this country as to  the true proportions of the German menace my minimizing it on  all possible and impossible occasions, and to misleading Germany  as to what would be our attitude whenever she went on the  warpath. If I had the time and  you had the -space 1 could flood  you with Potsdam .propaganda  from The Westminster Gazette  during the period 1912-14, when  the great plot was incubating,  and all the friends of Germany  were working "for the King of  Prussia," as the phrase" goes,  though in trying to beguile us  they merely succeeded in luring  Germany to her doom. The wisdom of. The Westminster, which,  as the semi-official organ of the  British government, had a special measure of responsibility, is  typified in this precious pronouncement, of which the editor was so inordinately proud  that he subsequently reproduced  it in a pamphlet "The Foundations of British Policy,' ' by J. A.  Spender, reprinted from The  Westminster Gazette in 1912, the  year of the fatal Haldane mission and the year in which Ger  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B.C.  many and Austria-Hungary were  concerting the great aggression  for 1913 or 1914: "Those who  suffer from the nightmare of  German hegemony should be reassured by the plain proof which  these events afford, that there  are different points of view  within the German group, which  render it extremely improbable  that it will ever become a welded  engine of tyranny capable of being used by one power for the  subjection of its neighbors. "The  Foundations of British Policy,"  p. 50.)"  The Westminster Gazette's receipt" for the'ever-growing; Ger-  man danger was to slobber over  every German and to explain  away every German aggression  and preparation, to donounce  Lord Roberts' efforts to awaken  this country to the realities of  the situation ,to whittle away  the Entente with France, to  keep Russia at arm's length. So  late as 1914, The Westminster  Gazette was indignantly repudiating the possibility of an Anglo-  Russian naval convention, as  though it were an insult to this  country, apparently because it,  did not suit the German book.  The effect of the obsequious attitude of. the principal government organ on the German government is succinctly stated in  the remarkable eolume from the  impartial pen of Baron Beyens,  the Belgian Minister, in Berlin  before the war: "After the rap-  proachment caused by the Balkan war he (Wilhelm II.) felt  assured afresh of British neutrality. Once more he was deceived by appearances. He had  counted too much on the savoir  faire of his new Ambassador.  Prince Lichnowsky, bien- vu, in  London society, as upon the influence of the friends of Germany in the Asquith Cabinet, the  Haldanes, the Burnses, the Har-  courts. The language of the Ger-  manophil organs of the British  press also contributed to deceive  him as to the true sentiments of  the British people towards her  chief maritime and commercial  rival. The Berlin Press cheerfully cited the articles of The Daily News, The Westminster Gazette, The Daily Graphic, The  Nation, and The Manchester  Guardian, which were very favorable to an entente with Germany; but these journals, which  the Imperial Embassy supplied  with information 'Made in Germany,' were not, as the Emperor  imagined, the true voices of England." '  Germany was convinced by the  Potsdam Press and Potsdam  Pjarty_3yJiene_ver.^-her..liour.so.und_--J  ed" for destroying her neighbors  we should look on. Your correspondent "Watchman" in The  Times of today quotes pertinent  extracts from The Westminster  Gazette disproving its impudent  statement that when at last the  scales fell from its purblind eyes  its attitude was. indistinguishable from that of The Times. As  all your readers who happen to  be its readers will remember,  while The Times from the opening of the crisis threw its great  .weight in favor of upholding the  liberties of Europe against the  'common aggressor, The Westmin-  sti r Gazette hoisted the white  Hag of a shameless neutrality  and had its despicable policy  carried tin; day Ave should have  looked on while; Germany marched through the rapine * of Bel-  gin in to the dismemberment of  France. No wonder the German government, which presumably knows its own friends, paid  it the compliment of making it  the medium for a final effort to  fog and paralyze the British on  August 1st, 1914, when ultimatums had already been dispatched to Paris and Petrograd.  There is a shortage of railway  sleepers in. India amounting to an accumulated deficit of 6,000,000 sleepers and an annual requirement of imported sleepers for renewals of a*biut  1,000,000 sleepers. The programme of  railway construction yet to be undertake will increase the yearlv deficit. rL-.-J.  iTijUJ-ffJi/wtrj;  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday. May 19, 1916J  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY  FRIDAY  By the  McConnells, Publishers, limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  BUSINESS AND THE TARIFF  In The Monetary Times the  Editor, Mr. Fred. W. Field, speculates concerning business conditions in Canada after the war.  His idea is that if peace is signed at the end. of 1916 or 1917  there will follow in this country  a year or so of commercial and  industrial adjustment as Avar orders cease, exports diminish, soldiers return, immigration commences and trade struggles back  towards the normal. According  to the same writer, this period of  readjustment will be followed in  Canada by from two to four  years of great business activity,  increasing production and expanding exports encouraged by  the reconstruction of Europe.  There will come a third period,  a period of world-wide reaction,  extending over from two to five  years, but modified in Canada by  a growing immigration and enlarged production. This is his  view.  While an acute post-war readjustment is anticipated, the writer feels that Canada is now  steadily gaining strength to carry it through that ordeal. Increased production, industrial  and agricultural, has so trans  formed the foreign trade situa  tion that Canada now has a favorable annual balance of nearly  $300,000,000, where it used to  have an unfavorable balance al  most as large. Record savings  bank deposits reflect an improved material well-being on the  part of the general population  It should not be long after peace  is signed before Canadian car,  locomotive and other steel plants  receive considerable orders from  both the domestic and European  markets. After sevaral years of  economy the Canadian railways  will be calling for rolling stock,  and there is little doubt that  Russia and other Ally countries  will want a good deal from Can-  ade in manufactured products as  in raw materials. The deputation  of. business men which Sir George  Foster is sending across the Atlantic should help the Dominion  xto.get.this..business.^^^ ^-^ ^  Mr. Field is alive to the important part which tariff protection will play in carrying Canadian manufacturers and workmen over the period of readjustment. During the past few  months, and while the discussion  of possible tariff changes has  proceeded, in Canada and  amongst the Allies, a number of  United' States manufacturers  have purchased sites or old factories in this country or are making arrangements to do so, for  the purpose of establishing  branch factories here. These developments indicate a resumption  after the war of the great in-  (, dustrial migration which during  the early years of the present  century placed $500,000,000 of  American capital in new Canadian  factories. The United States  manufacturer knows his way  about. He reads that, besides  having a preferred entrance into  other Britislv markets, Canada  will enjoy a sentimental, and  probably <a fiscal preference, in  the markets of the European  countries by whose side she is  fighting. Tlie American business  man who wishes to have a share  in this economic advantage is  already selecting a factory site  on this side of the line. As Mr.  Field says, these considerations,  together with the extent of our  undeveloped resources, far outweigh  the .present  business war  taxation in Canada and the likelihood of future taxes. This movement of United States establishments to Canada is obviously of  advantage to this country. It will  give more employment here and  employment's circulating benefits. To some extent also it will  attract population, as many new  factories from abroad must bring  with them a certain number of  executive heads, skilled foreman  and mechanics.  CANADA'S     INDUSTRIAL  OUTLOOK  In that most comprehensive  and    informative    handbook  ���������  Canada, the Country of the  Twentieth Century," by Watson  Griffin���������issued by the Minister of  Trade and Commerce in Canada,  there is much to justify the conclusion that long before the end  of this century Canada will have  a population of seventy-five million people. What Canada lacks  most is settlers: men who will  produce. The country has reached a stage where productive industry must find wider markets.  Canadian manufacturers have  now an opportunity to launch  out on the world-channels of  commerce that are opening up as  a result of this war. All the warring nations have concentrated  so largely on the trade of war  that there must necessarily be a  great shortage of manufactured  goods for domestic and industrial  purposes. The British manufacturers, for instance, are making  every effort to capture the Russian market, which before the  war was completely controlled by  Germans. Russia is an agricultural country, and has need of all  the manufactured goods that allied countries can send. With a  small home market and a large  increase in the number of industrial establishments, Canadian  products should find a ready sale  in the allied countries of Europe  when peace is restored.  In the decennial period 1900-  1910 there was an increase of  over 31 per cent, in the number  of. industrial establishments in  Canada, an increase of over 179  per cent, in the amount of  capital invested and an increase of over 142 per cent  in the value of products.  War orders have given a  tremendous impetus to trade, and  it is reasonable to assume that  the large profits now made will  be utilized in 'part in building  up the industrial trade of the  country, after the war. It is a  safe prediction that at the next  decennial census, in 1921, the industrial retOTns Xviir show^ as  great a percentage of growth for  the present decade as for the  last.. On the manufacturers of  Canada rests a great responsibility. Although deprived of a  large share of the munition orders for the Allies, they have  benefitted sufficiently to enable  them to maintain stable conditions when0 the readjustment after the Avar takes place. In this  Avay they can help Canada to  carry on during a critical period,  and by so doing attract to our  shores desirable immigrants, avIio  in turn will add to the Avealth  and general prosperity of the  Dominion.���������The Toronto Globe.  SAVING  DAYLIGHT  The daylight saving principle,  Avhich is being agitated in England and Avhich is already in  force in Germany, involves a bigger issue than is apparent on the  surface. To the casual observer  it may seem someAvhat of an  anomaly that governments  shoxdd find it advisable to advance the clocks an hour during  the long days of summer. And  yet German clocks are already  an hour ahead, the British government has a bill in the course  of legislation 'with a view to  making the same change, and the  province of Xova Scotia has the  inatter under serious consideration.   In many parts.of the Unit  ed States leading men are urging  the enforcing of the principle  Avithin their particular jurisdiction. .,'  When Ave look at the question  closely, it seems a someAvhat appalling fact that a great part  of humanity are sleeping away  the most glorious as Avell as the  most useful hours of the ���������: day,  namely, from four o'clock till  six or seven in the morning, and  then Ave lament at the end of  the clay that Ave have not another hour or two'" for business  or pleasure. An individual "daylight-saving" pl.an is productive  of no ultimate benefit in the present interdependent state of business and society. The dweller  in the town, unlike those of fellow-dwellers in the country, is  more or less in thrall to the general custom which is prevalent,  and far from living his day in  conformity to a schedule of his  oavii making, has to accept largely that which is made for him.  Many factors Avork together to  produce such conditions. The  man who tries to act independently and start his OAvn day an  hour earlier finds himself balked  at- the outset. Although the sun  is high, the business Avorld is  still asleep. The offices are all  still closed. The street-cars are  not yet running on schedule  time. Newspapers are not to be  had. All the incentives, all the  necessary adjuncts of business  are lacking. He is handicapped.  For all he can gain he might as  Avell have spent that hour in bed.  He realizes that the transacting  of his OAvn business is dependent  on the others of his community,  that their activities are inter-related. And then, when evening  comes, there is not an hour left  in Avhich to enjoy all the pleasures Avhich summer has to offer and Avhich Avould go a long  way toAvards giving the business  man the necessary stimulation  for his life-work. xX  The daylight-saving principle  means setting everything in ino-  tion at six o?clock in the morning instead of seven. It does not  necessarily mean a longer day.  Rather it means that, being at  Avork an hour earlier iri the  morning, the Avorking-man Avill  be at play an hour earlier in the  afternoon than formerly. : And  one's Avhole Avorld will be asleep  an hour earlier in the evening.  Think Avhat it Avould mean in reduction of expenditure to save  an hour's Avaste of. gas, electricity and other illuminants. This  item of lighting economy, if practiced through the Avhole country,  would-^amount^to^an^.jenormojis.  total. And Avhen added to that  is calculated the gain in activity, energy and pleasure, the saving would' be something incalculable. There is nothing impracticable about the plan unless  it be our OAvn conservatism, our  oavii umvillingness to conform to  neAv modes of life. And. there  Avould be an immense gain to the  adA'ancing of prohibition, as  turning night into day, as much  as possible, is manifestly opposed its interests.  Avhose duty it would be to  "boost" the consumption of  milk: Messrs.- A. N. Henderson,  Seattle, chairman; Orton, Sumner-; Dr. ������������������ D. W. Mack, Portland;  A. M.  Work,  Portland;  Dr.  J.  B. Anderson, Spokane; F. Flood,  Spokane; Prof. W. T. McDonald, Victoria; F. W. Clark, Vancouver; J. E. Dorman, Salt Lake  City; T. A. Wiancko, Victoria;  J. C. Burnam, Seattle; . ..Bert.  Walker, Tacoma; Dr. Batton, Tacoma; C. Palmer, Seattle, and L.  van Patten, Enurnclaw.  SUFFRAGE PLANS  FOR CAMPAIGN  WORDS THAT WAKE THE  PATRIOT  NEXT CONVENTION  HELD IN TACOMA  War has revived the languishing interest in poetry and given  the poet his place as the mouthpiece and prophet of his times.  In the hour of his country's tra-  \-ail the poet takes the live coal  from the altar and fans into a  fiery gloAV the flame of patriotism. To the music of the guns and  the clash of steel against steel  he Aveds Avords that awake the  soul of the nation and exalt the  spirit of the soldier. As William  Watson sings:  "Empires    dissolve    and   peoples   disappear;  Song passes not siway.  Captains and conquerors leave a little  dust.  And    Kings   a    dubious    legend    of  their reign;  The  swords  of  Caesars, they are less  than   rust;  The  poet  doth  remain."   .  Had this Avar failed to produce  a single poet the spirit of the  past Avould have called from out  the strife of bygone years to  cheer the armies of freedom on  the march and to give voice to  the pent-up emotions of an Imperial race as it responded to the  insolent challenge of the foe.  Shakespeare  Avould "teach them  how to Avar," and  "Cry God   for Harry!   England   and  Saint  George!"  arid Scott also Avould sound the  clarion and proclaim that  "One   crowded  hour  of  glorious life  Is worth  an age without a name." -  Burns, it has been said, is a  dead letter rioAvodays to all but  a select few. But Burns is a liv  ing poet. - Hear his prophetic  voice as he calls on the race to  defend its heritage of a thousand  years:        .  "Does  haughty Gaul  invasion threat?  Then let the   louns   beware, sir!  There's   wooden  walls  upon our  seas,  And volunteers on  shore, sir.  The Nith shall run to Corsincon,  The   Criffel sink in   Solway,  Ere  we  permit a  foreign  foe  On  British ground  to rally."  As a recruiting officer, he  knoAvs how to appeal to his countrymen:  "But bring a  Scotsman frae  his.hill,  Clap in  his cheek a  Highland gill,  Say"' Suchis Koyaf GeorgeT's will,  An' there's the foe:  He  has  nae thought but  how  to  kill  Twa  at a blow."  For is not the Hun at the gate,  and has not Europe seen  '' Stern Oppression's iron grip,  Or mad Ambition's gory hand,  Sending, like bloodhuond from the slip  Woe,    want,   and    murder   o'er    a  land?"  President Mrs: Gordon 'Grant  and'the' officers of the B.C. Political Equality League,' Xvhile  someAvhat disappointed that the  government has not seen fit to  enfranchise women by a government measure at this session of  the legislature, but to submit the  question to a referendum at the  coming elections, are noAV busy  with their propaganda plans to  ensure the success of the referendum Avhen the time comes for  it to be presented to the electorate.  Committees Avill be formed in  the various toAvns and cities of  the province to take charge of  the Avork of organizing a strong  vote in favor of giving women  the franchise. Clergymen of all  denominations will be requested  to preach special suffrage sermons on a Sunday to be chosen  for that purpose. Quantities of  literature dealing with the subject of Avomen's suffrage -will  also be printed and circulated,  and eA'erything possible done to  passing of the referendum backed by a majority of. votes lyhich  will be an undeniable mandate  to the government to give votes  to women.  Premier Bowser replied early  in the week to the request of the  league that a government bill enfranchising women be brought  doAvn, instead of the question of  votes for Avomen being submitted to a referendum at the general elections. The purport of the  Premier's telegram Avas that the  government did not propose to  make any change in its attitude  on the question at present. Legislation Avas promised therein Avhich  Avould entitle women to vote by-  January 1 next, also to be eligible as members of the legisla  ture, "providing the majority of  those Avho cast votes on the  question at the general election  do so in the affirmative."  At the final meeting of the  League Convention a number of  members of other women's suffrage societies in the city Avere  present, and considerable difference of opinion arose as to the  attitude Avhich suffragists Avould  adopt towards the government's  referendum proposals. Mrs. W.  McConkey, acting president of  the Pioneer Political Equality  League, and Mrs. W. F. Gurd,  president of the Equal Franchise Association both stated  that their organizations would  not move a finger to secure the  passing of the referendum. They  either "wanted a straight go vern-  ment measure or nothing at all.  They Avould, they said, rather  have seen unity pi'evail among  the suffragists, but their societies could not agree to work  along Avith the British Columbia  Political Equality League to  make  the  referendum a success,  in case the government^"-wpi  not accede to the request of til  organization for a straight bj  During the course of this disci  sion the argument against, avoi  ing for the referendum  strongly supported by Mrs. Fd  Patterson, Mrs. W. Smith,  Cleremont, Mrs. J. H. McGill aj  Mrs. J. A. Patterson.  THE IRISH ASSOCIATION!  The bi-monthly meeting of tj  Irish Association of British Cc  umbia  Avas held  at  the  Eagle]  Hall on Thursday, llth inst.,  A.   F. R. Mackintosh,   presider  in the chair.  Mr. M. J. Creham reported  recruiting, and referred to thl  number of members of the asso]  ciation Avho had lately joined. I]  Avas moved by Mr. M. J. Crehan!  and seconded by Mr. S. J. Half  pin, that the association send  representative to the recruitinj  meeting to be held in the Van-]  couver Hotel. Mr. Crehan anc  Mr. C. D. O. Love referred to tht  land bill in aid of returned soln  diers, and it Avas resolved that]  Messrs. Crehan and O'Dell pre^j  pare a comprehensive report tt  place ''before the legislature  immediately.  Prof.   Odium, Messrs.   Crehan,|  O'Dell, Oughton and Halpin addressed the association atlengtl  as to   their   vieAVS   on   conscription.  FINE TIMBER REPORT  According to a report submit]  ted to the Minister of Lands oi!  the Cranbrook Forest district, it  is estimated that the timber cut  for 1916 will be in the neighbor*  hood of from 150 to 160 mil-)  lion feet. In 1913, which is Hhtr  year in which the largest cn\  Avas made, it amounted to onlj  148 million. Practically everj  mill is running or Avill be run-J  ning by the summer. Optimisml  concerning the timber industry]  is general.^ ���������-���������.������������������< .������������������������������������������������������  The late and Avet spring    has]  militated against successful slash |  disposal,   although    further    attempts Avill be   made  Avhen  the!  conditions are more favorable. In  the open forest vegetation is Avell \  advanced, and no__.trouble.    Avith  fires of any consequence is exp-'  pected until July or August. On  the bottom lands in sheltered localities there is still much snow,  Avhich   along  the   headAvatei's of  the   streams   also   remains practically   undiminished    OAving   to  the Ioav temperatures. Conditions  point to a year of exceptionally  high Avater in all the rivers, and  lumbermen   are   taking   preeau-^  tions against the coming floods.  HOME TO RENT  For Bent���������6 room, modern house,  Balsam street, Kerrisdale; lawn,  flowers, garden, chicken run, fenced  and newly ileeorated. Garden in first  rate shape, small fruits, roses, etc.  Rent, $16 per month. Box A., Western  Call.  The next convention of the Pacific Northwest Association of  Dairy and Milk Inspectors Avill  be held in Tacoma, Prof. W. T.  McDonald, of Victoria, the outgoing president, announced at the  banquet that Avas held last Saturday night at the Hotel Vancouver, Avhich brought the convention to a close. The neAv officers  are: President, Mr. G. S. Henderson, Everett; first vice-president,  Dr. J. B. Anderson, Spokane;  second vice-president, Prof. W.  T. McDonald, Victoi'ia, and secretary-treasurer, Mr. A. N. Henderson, Seattle, Wash.  Prof. McDonald also announced that in accordance with the  wishes of the association, he had  appointed' the folloAving members  for     the    milk-day     committee,  Cut out this coupon and mail it with your subscription to J P's WEEKLY, 203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C:  Subscription Rates:  Twelve   Months  $2.00  Six   Months  $1.25  Three Months    ..,  $0.75  To the Publishers J P's Weekly, Vancouver, B. C.  Enter my subscription for J P's Weekly for   ..   months. Enclosed hereAvith I send you $   in payment of same.  Name    .  Address  WE SOLICIT   THE SERVICES OF, AND  PAY A LIBERAL  COMMISSION TO ACTIVE SUBSCRIPTION AGENTS IN EVERY DISTRICT.  JPs Weekly  FEARLESS, INDEPENDENT  CONSTRUCTIVE  READ The Practical Measures Page, which contains  each week items of absorbing interest on the development and investment opportunities of our wonderful province.  Lovers of music who appreciate  impartial criticism will find with  us on the page devoted to  '' Pipe and Strings,'' many topics  in common. Under the heading  of "Books and Writers" edited  by 'Aimee,' 'a 'friendly review  of the latest in prose and poetry  is ably dealt with. The front  page by "Bruce" will always  find many friends and interested  readers.  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  W. H. Carswell, Mgr. Friday, May 19, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  5  ring  Most  ings of Mt. Pleasant's  essive Merchants  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We know this -WE'VE TRIED IT OUT. You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MONEY."  ANZAC HEROES  RECIEVE OVATION  London, April 26th.���������Yesterday was  a very memorable day here. It was  the'Secret Session of parliament, the  day of rebels in Dublin, and of a zep-  guided bombardment' of Lowestoft just  before dawn; and it was also "Anzac '' day, when more than a thousand Australians and six hundred New  Zealanders marched through the streets  of London and attended, in company  with the King and Queen, a service  of " remembrance'' at Westminster  Abbey. And last night���������let me whisper it���������the zeps. were over "somewhere, ''. probably on observation bent,  as no destruction was effected. All  I could see, after peering into a star-  strewn sky for an hour at midnight,  was an occasional short streak of light,  like falling stars, falling sideways,  tbe noise of the big lumbering buses  drowning probably, the hum of pro-  pe?lers.  The weather throughout the day was  glorious and later a deep blue sky  like that which hangs over Western  Canada on a splendid night���������the day  sunny and tranquil as though all were  at peace on earth. With Miss Gene  Secord, of Edmonton, I watched the  magnificent Anzacs from one of the  windows in the Alberta building, No.  1 Charing X, and the king himself  could not have shown us such hospitality as our agent-general, for the  king has not in any of his palaces  such a commanding view .of; that, famous square which seemed, like the  centre of the universe yesterday.  The Nelson monument, seen daily,  becomes sueh a familiar object that one  begins to take it for granted, like  the pavement, or like the unending  rumble of omnibuses; but on Anzac  day, somehow the man higher up  seemed to intrude his personality,  though the dozens of small boys who  climbed at random over Nelson's  ricky foundations and perched upon  the vetry backs of the stone lions,  did not seem in the least awed by  the soul of that great admiral. Bather did they flaunt long rows of  dusty swinging shoes, bare knees and  caps at any angle, in joyous disregard of the stone man at the top of  the sky-high column. All they wanted was to see the wonderful live heroes of Anzac���������and there are no finer  fellows in khaki���������who marched in  serpentine fashion across ""Trafalgar  square coming from under the admiralty aTch and very near to the base  of the boy-guarded monument���������the  wounded conveyed in big open motors  and  ambulances.  It is reckless to make guesses at a  boy's thoughts generally, but the fact  that they Avere there, was a fairly  sure indication that their greatest-  wish-in-the-world was to grow up and  be soldiers like the Anzacs ��������� even  though it might convey nothing more  to, the mind of their tender years  than that they should be big and  handsome and wear plumed hats and  lots of pockets and straps and things,  and long shiny bright-brown leggings.  The procession of soldiers seemed  to be inarching "at ease." At any  rate they, did things which are not  laid down in the little red handbook  as proper Avhen marching past such a  distinguished personage as Lord Nelson. In holiday mood, these merry  gentlemen in khaki, from the Antipodes, would snatch ��������� at handkerchiefs  fluttered too dangerously near them  in their line of march, by bright-eyed  flappers; and the one securing a trophy after making a pretence of drying from his eyes the tears of parting Avould then pass it along the line,  each in turn assuaging his mimic  grief in like manner, until the little  white signal^of surrender found a  final lodgement in the pocket of one  more mischievous, or else more sentimental, than his   fellows.  It was my first real view of a  1 London crowd, and now I know what  the word "surging" means relating  to human beings, though so high up  are the Alberta administration windows that the people looked about as  big as rabbits to us. The sight was  wonderful���������looking down upon a sea  cf many-color hats, the fashions thereof blurred happily, by distance, the  effect like a giant patchwork quilt  with a myriad of Liliputians playing  underneath making ' it wrinkle and  swell and shift wherever the activity was  greatest.  The view from the agent-general's  point of vantage took in the turn  into Whitehall, where the crowds extended all the way to the Abbey,  past the House of Secret Sessions,  past the War Office, and pist the Admiralty building the next spoke leading under the famous arch; then Cock-  spur street where the Canadian Pacific railway and The Grand Trunk offices are, and the Canadian Bed Cross  headquarters���������that turn leading presently to the Bank of Montreal, a  meeting-place of many Canadians for  financial reasons immediately across,  the national gallery a fine background for the monument; and to the  right St. Martin's-in-the-Pield church  (now nine miles from any real field)  and last the opening to the Strand  as fascinating a street as London has,  not only in itself, but it leads to  such wonderful places.  Above all this we discovered floating from east to west lazily across the  northern part of London, four large  ivory white observation balloons, looking like soap-bubbles which would not  burst, and which later disappeared or  rather blended with the haze so as to  be indistinguishable.  I was disappointed in the cheering  of the London crowd���������this is a confession made with ' diffidence. Not  meaning to cast any doubt on their  patriotism or their enthusiasm, it  seemed to me that they might succeed better at organized cheering.  Perhaps they needed a cheering-mas-  ter���������one whose duties it would be to  run along beside a procession shouting, "Now,-.one * *.two *.* three!  everybody! Hip, hip, hurrah! " '* *.'. *  or a "Coo-eee!" for the Anzacs, of  which there was an occasional timid  call   yesterday.  RUSSIAN NAVY ONCE  CONTROLLED BY SCOTS  IN the reports of. a recent Russian  expedition attended with gratifying success, some prominence was  given to the part played by a Captain Griegorovitch. In this apparently typical Muscovite name few people  might recognize Scottish ancestry and  associations. There is, however, a very  strong probability that the gallant officer is a descendant of Sir Samuel  Greig, one of the founders of the Russian navy, and a native of the kingdom of   Fife. X..._..'_  Doubtless, too, it will be news to a  good many that a Scot ever served in  such a capacity. In point of fact,  however, Scotsmen virtually controlled Russian naval affairs for over a  hundred years, commands and positions being handed down from father  to son almost as much by assumed  right as by merit and competency. In  this way, sueh names as Greig, El-  phinstone, Mackenzie, Stuart, and  even Paul Jones will for ever be identified with the rise of Russian maritime power. ,  Samuel Grieg, the first bearer of  that name to enter Muscovite service,  was the son of Charles Greig, shipowner, of Inverkeithing, Fife, at which  place Samuel was born in November,  1735. After some years of service  in merchant ships, young Grieg entered  the navy, and soon had his first taste  of warfare. He was at the reduction  of Goree in 1758, and from, that .date  until the peace of 1763 he was more  or less continuously on active service-  in  various parts of the world.  Apparently possessed of a fair  share of racial ambition, and seeing  better prospects of furthering this in  foreign employ than in the service of  his own country, he seized an opportunity to enter the Russian Navy,  which at that time was undergoing  considerable development.  Joining as a lieutenant���������the only  rank to which he had attained after  years of service on British ships���������in  quick succession he was made captain  and commander. In 1769, when 34  years old, he was given his first important commission ��������� control of a  squadron destined for service against  the Turks. Considerable interest, and  not a little amusement, attaches to  this expedition, as showing the kind  of thankless task Scottish grit had to  tackle- and overcome.  At that time Russia had no Black  Sea Fleet, and whenever anything in  that line was required the ships had  to make the long and perilous voyage, from the Baltic. Of Grieg's initial trip thenee   few   particulars   have  been recorded. But it is very different in the case of his colleague and  countryman, Rear-Admiral John El-  phinstone.  Elpliinstone, a scion of a famous  fighting family, entered the .Russian  service at the same time as Grieg.  On the occasion mentioned he was  placed in nominal command of a  squadron which left Cronstadt for the  eastern Mediterranean towards the  end of 1769. So unseaworthy did his  vessels prove, that it was with the utmost difficulty he got them over the  North Sea and into Portsmouth harbor to refit. And at Portsmouth,  though apparently badly needed elsewhere, the entire fleet stayed for four  solid months, only putting to sea again  when the calm of April made navigation tolerably  safe. ���������''  In sueh circumstances little distinc-*  tion might have been expected when  at length ships got into action,, but  events proved highly satisfactory to  the Russians. In two fights they  eam.c out victors, and at Chesne the  bulk of the Turkish fleet was ultimately destroyed. This latter fleet was  largely accomplished by the skill and  daring of Lieutenants Mackenzie and  Dugdale���������the former certainly,, and the  latter probably, a Scot���������who took a  number of fireships among the sheltering Turks, and either fired.their1;  vessels or compelled them to run  aground.  For his services in these operations  Grieg was promoted to the rank of  Rear-Admiral, while to Elphinstone  was entrusted a risky expedition to  the Dardanelles. Two more years of  more or less active service followed,  and then, peace being declared, Grieg  returned to the Baltic, and. forthwith commenced to reorganize the  navy.  One of the first steps to this end  was the introduction into his personel  of as many Scottish and English sailors, including officers, as he could get  hold of. Such was the effect of this  influx that it was declared for years  afterwards that Russia's foreign policy depended on the goodwill of the  Scots in her naval service. Some color  was lent to this by Russian attitude  under the "armed neutrality" coalition, when the navy was not available  against  Great  Britain.  But if Grieg escaped the doubtful  compliment of fighting against his  kinsmen, he was less fortunate in regard.. ,to--his.._adopteLl^country_'s..^neigh_-.  bors. In 1788 trouble arose with Sweden and Grieg was dispatched to  tackle the viking race of their own  element. The result was one or two  unsatisfactory actions, and the charging of seventeen Russian officers with  incompetence and cowardice. On  Grieg's complaing, it is said, that the  whole batch were condemned to the  hulks. Soon afterwards Grieg's health  gave way, and in the midst of the  operations he died on board his ship.  The last honors paid him were a state  funeral in the Cathedral at Reval and  the erection to his memory of a magnificent monument.  Behind him in the Russian service  Grieg left a son, Alexis Samuel, who,  if anything, achieved greater distinction than his father had done. As a  reward for the latter's services, at his  birth Alexis was entered as a- midshipman in the navy, doubtless with  the usual pay and emoluments. At a  very early age he reached the rank  of Rear-Adm.iral, and in 1807, he came  into distinction against the Turks,  which secured him further promotion.  Again, during the Russo-Turkish conflict of 1828-1;>, he was very successful  in blockading the coasts of what is now  Bulgaria and Roumelia, assisting,  among other important operations in  the taking of Varna. For these services the Emperor Nicholas paid Grieg  the compliment of visiting and dining  with him on board the flagship.  An important sequel to this campaign was the permanent establishment of a Russian fleet in the Black  Sea, largely due to Grieg's initiation.  From this period the Admiral's activity were chiefly directed towards  naval development and improvement,  and in this he was still engaged  when, in 1845, illness and death overtook him.. Over his grave at Petrograd a handsome monument was erected, and in various Russian ports there  are  statues to his  memory.  Of Admiral John Elphinstone, mention has already been made. As did  Grieg, he left the British for the  Russian   naval service, and,   also   like  'his compatriot,, earned most of his  honors against the Turks. He, too,  gave a son to the same service, but  few details'of the latter's career appear to be available.  Many another more or less distinguished Scot has been connected with  Russian naval affairs, the most prominent of all being the world-renowned Paul Jones. That the progenitor  of the American navy likewise served  the Russians is, a fact very little  known. Truth toXell, his association  with that people was brief. It was  after he left America that he accepted service under the Russian flag,  and such was the jealousy created by  his presence among Muscovite officers  that the dour- privateer, after an action in which he was deliberately  shelved and his suggestions ignored,  took the earliest opportunity to quit  both service and country.  THE HEROIC  DEAD  LAWN   MOWERS  SHARPENED RIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Pair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow #__ *-_������_  Grinding Company ���������  ��������� BROADWAY  WEST  SMARTLY  TRIMMED  HATS FOR $5.00  Values to $9.50, a choice second  to none.    Come in and see them.  JVi iss J^tcLenaghen  2410 Main Stieet  Don't  Experiment  With New  Chick Feeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED has bean  tried for yeans and produces fins  healthy  chicks.   Made   and  sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair.  186  and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone Fraser  175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood  153  narrow graves and filled them with the  choicest bloom of the world .8 garden!  Was this unchristian f I am no good  to argue. The facts were too brutal,  too plain. The path bf glory .leads  but to the grave. Yes, sacrifice is at  the heart of love. But why should  love thus suffer. Yet I thanked God  for men who did not shrink from that  last  sacrifice.  ,. Whilst these thoughts passed quickly through me���������it was no day for  lengthy meditation���������I noticed that a  [funeral service-was in progress up the  British lines, #nd I drew quietly near.  The guard of honor stood reverently  at attention. The chaplain spoke a  few words of remembrance and prayer. Then I observed the firing party  was composed of French soldiers, five  and   a  corporal,  I  think. Oldish   men  It was a dreary December day. The  .light, never good, was threatening to  give up the unequal contest and surrender to the hostile darkness. A fine  drizzle, that increased at times to a  heavy rain, added to the discomfort  and the gloom. But my errand was  suited to the dull circumstances. In  the hut I had been asked to look for  the grave of a soldier, to find if he  was laid to rest in a cemetery a little distance away, and, if so, to obtain  any details I  could.  Turning away from the tram lines,  and passing through the iron gates to  where the brave dead sleep I saw beyond the-^little glass -monuments -or  cases ' familiar in French cemeteries,  standards from which flew the Tricolour, the Union Jack, and the Belgian flag. These marked the portion reserved for the use of each nation. In death they were not divided. As my eyes fell on the wide expanse and the long rows set so close  together, a fierce indignation seized  me, a passion like that found in those  verses which a "mild-mannered age  calls the "cursing Psalm.s." Cursed be  that man or those men who dug those  they were, Territorials obviously, with  that variety of detail in uniform  which characterizes our allies. Not  much time had been spent in rubbing up their drill, and the way they  held their rifles as they fired was not  convincing. P'rance is concentrating  on more essential things. But a new  touch of pathos had entered the scene,  and as so often in real life, the quaint  and the almost ludicrous relazed the  tense features of sorrow and stimulated while it soothed its tears. For  a moment one's thoughts were diverted from the sacrifice of middle life.  Shivering in the rain, these Frenchmen stood most uncomfortable. They  should have been away at their little  shop or working in the shelter of  their yard. Nevertheless, they stood  there patiently, their overcoats of  varied shades of blue symbolic of the  chill upon their hands and faces.  They were doing their part. Was it a  little one���������to fire a last volley over  a comrade's grave., one they had never  known, yet one who shared the ground  where perhaps their own sons lay, one  who had served to shield their homes  even  with   his   life!  The "Last Post'' sounded out, and  the parties dispersed. "The graves  lie very close together here,'" 1 said  to an officer. "Nothing to what they  are in Flanders," was the reply in a  stem voice softened by a note of genuine feeling. And then I was left  alone with the British corporal in  charge, who took me to the spot I  wanted and gave me the number as  it was  entered  in  the "Graves Regis-  One-Third Off All  Easter fililh'nery  Acme Millinery and Dry Goods  Store  670 Broadway E. Open Evenings  Salmon  .at Pike's  MANY TO CHOOSE FROM AT  5, 10, 13, 15, 20 and 25c a CAN  518 BROADWAY E. (Next Dairy)  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont '1140'  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  tration'' books of the army. A simple cross of wood two and a half feet  high showed the name and the regiment, and on the back the number.  But to my surprise I found that cross  adorned with a wreath of artificial  flowers, stiff if you like, but unwilted  by the winter cold, an enduring tribute, i and on the wreath a card���������  "A  un   bon  soldat  Souvenir d'un petit Francais  Henri  Pezies  Petit Guevilly."  ''Yes,'' said the corporal, "a little  fellow sometimes comes up with these  wreaths. It's very good of him. And  some French ladies from the town  come and help to keep things tidy  and  nicer" ~ '~'~-  My heart was too moved to say  much. Through the drizzle and the  gloom I felt a strange peace and  gladness. Loving hands and hearts  were near. The dead English soldier  lies in no foreign land. Beside the  chilled French firing party I seemed  to see another guard of honor, who  cannot fight, but also play their part���������  the women and children whose generous thoughtfulness makes ties of sympathy and love between the nations  that should not easily be broken. Their  work will not appear in great standard histories of the Avar. It should  have its record on our lips and in our  hearts.   "How do you do?" That's English and American. "How do you  carry yourself?" That's French.  "How do you stand?" That's Italian. "How do you find yourself?"  That's German. "How do��������� you fare?"  That's Dutch. "How can you." That's  Swedish. "How do you perspire?"  That's Egyptian. "How is your stomach? Have you eaten your riee?"  That's Chinese. "How do you have  yourself?" That's Polish. "How do  you live on?" That's Russian. "May  ithy shadow never be less." That's  Persian���������and all mean much the same  thing.  FAIRMONT RENOVATORY  Fair.    172 753    B'way   E.  Ladies'   and   Men's  Suits   Sponged   and   Pressed   50c  Sponge    Cleaning   and   Pressing   75c  French Dry   or   Steam Cleaning   and  Pressing   .*. .$1.50  Erzerum Keys Presented to the Emperor  "Captain Konieff and nine men representing various arms of the Caucasus armies had the honor of presenting to the Emperor at Tsarskoe  Selo the keys of Erzerum and nine  gorgeous Turkish standards captured  in the fort. Captain Konieff was the  first officer to enter the first fort taken by assault. His Majesty, who was  accompanied by the Grand Duke Alexis, ; thanked the Caucasus armies for  their splendid gallantry, and decorated all ten representatives with Crosses of St. George for valor.  "The standards were afterwards  taken late in the evening in procession"thf6ugh~PetrogradXvith a band  and a guard of honor, and deposited  in the Cathedral of Peter and Paul.  The standards are a couple of yards  square, of rich crimson silk, very heavily embroidered in gold with the tug-  hra and a variety of other symbols,  surmounted by the Crescent. They  look perfectly.new, and doubtless date  only from the thorough reorganization of the Turkish armies undertaken by German officers during the past  few years," says the Petrograd correspondent of the "Morning Post."  A Boston man tells of a trip he  made on a coastwise steamer to Baltimore when the vessel was wallowing in waves that threatened to engulf her at any moment.  Hastily the captain ordered a box  of rockets and flares brought to tlie  rail and with his own hands ignited  a number of them in the hope that  they   would   be seen   and  help sent.  Amid the glare of the rockets a  tail, thin, austere woman found her  way with, difficulty to the rail, and  addressed  the captain  thus:  "Captain, I must protest against  this ilaredevilishness. We are now  facing death. This is no time for a  celebration."  A London Scot's Will  This   was   the will   of   Lieut.   N.   G.  Lowe, D.C.M.,  of the London  Scottish,  son of the former Berlin correspondent  of the "Times":  "In tlie event of my death, which  I hope will be an honorable one on  the field of battle, I appoint my brother, Charles Edward Berkley Lowe,  to be executor. lie is to have the  undisputed control of my affairs, anil  at his complete discretion.  "Bury  rac  by  the bracken  bush,  Beneath  the ���������blooming briar,  Aud let never living mortal ken  That  a  kindly Scot lies   there.  "Long live  the  King."  Once upon a time, so the story goes,  a Frenchman visiting the tomb of.  Napoleon, wrote on a convenient wall  the   lines:  " 'Bony'   was a   great  man,  a   soldier brave and  true."  An Englishman coming along a little   later  read this  and  added:  "But Wellington did beat him at  the battle   of  Waterloo."-  The next visitor was an American  who, seeing the foregoing contributions, rushed into the competition1'  with all of the restraint that characterizes the members of that great nation. He wrote:  "But braver still, and truer far,   and  tougher than shoe  leather,  Was   Washington,   the   man who could  have licked   them  both together." ���������m  ^.^IU.lHliiUti_.;V_r-,.lV;,a  THE WESTERN CALL  . Friday. May 19, 1916. <l  The Fifer Petrouchka  (Translated from the French by Aimee, for Western Call)  ���������I  As M. P. finished his story, a. domestic entered, bringing in the third  samovar of the evening. I recognized  the fiddler who played for the danc  ing at the cabaret a while ago; I noticed ,on his military frock coat, the  little iron cross of St. George, the.  kind  which  is given  to soldiers.  "What!" said I to my host, "you  have the musician of the village in  your   service?"  "Yes," answered M. P. You know  that in consequence of a law old as  the patriarchs, we employ more servants in proportion as we have few  er services to demand and fewer  needs to satisfy. In every true "Russian  house, there are as many as ten who  discharge very badly the duties which  one alone performs well in your houses. It is the principle of the division of labor applied to a case where  there is no work. This good man, who  answers to the name of Petrouchka,  has special charge of the keeping aud  the serving of samovars. It is the  only duty which he^has the intelligence to perform. Yet he often brings  me warm water, whenever he does not  disappear entirely to scrape his vio  lin in some corner. Twenty times I  have felt like dismissing that old imbecile from my service, whose only  alternative would be to die of hun  ger in histhut, so idle is he;  only *  *  "Only, you are too good!"  "Why, no! it is he who is good!  it is he who is a hero! Whenever I  feel like beating him, I remember the  !. siege of Bayazed, and then I am  tempted to embrace him. You must  have heard of the siege of Bayazed.  Well- if that glorious feat of arms ennobles our history, it is perhaps to  Petrouchka that we owe it.  I looked at the old soldier in astonishment. I was acquainted with  that legendary episode of ^the war  with Turkey, namely, the defence of  Bayazed. In the month bf June,  1877, the Russian army from the Caucasus, forced to beat a retreat, had  thrown into that little place a few  companies of regulars and a few  Cossack platoons, about 1,500 men,  commanded by a major. Cut off from  the body of the Russian forces, wnicb  was retreating on Erivan, and surrounded by 20,000 Turks, that garrison had held out for twenty-three  ��������� days, without bread, almost without  water, constantly on the breach; when  the troops of General Tergoukassof,  renewing their offensive movement,  succeeded in relieving Bayazed on the  28th of June, the men who remained  ... in the garrison had become so feeble  that they could scarcely carry their  guns.  "Yes," resumed my host, "Petrou-  . chka, fifer for the regiment at Erivan, was one of the obscure heroes  who helped us to defend that small  town against a whole army; not only  did he shed his blood and accumulate  wounds which caused him suffering;  many others did that; but there was  a moment when that good man, quite  unknown to himself, perhaps, decided the fate of the place. The affair  will bear   telling."  In 1877, when the war in the east,  which we thought would be a triumphal march, resolved itself into a  serious game, with alternations of successes and reverses, the reserves were  called out, and many old officers re  sumed service. I was one of the  latter. I succeeded in being returned  to the Caucasian army, with the regiment at Erivan where I had passed  ^ some_of^my^^ youthful .years; I taok.  Tvith me Petrouchka, wbo belonged to  one of the ranks which were called.  I must say that he betrayed little  eagerness to go and free his brother  slaves, and I distrusted his warlike  qualities; on the other hand I was  aware of his musical 'leanings and I  appointed him to the post of fifer, vacant in my battalion. I will spare  you the account of our campaign up  to the siege of Bayazed; it will be  enough to know that we were, included  amongst the companies abandoned  there by the army in retreat.  Imagine a little, half-ruined citadel,  placed on a narrow cornice, beside a  wall of rock, in, front of Mouut Ararat; the crests of the mountains dominate the place on all. sides. On the  morning of the 6th of .Tune, we saw  these crests crowned with sharpshooters, then' with cavalrymen and can  non; it was the Turkish army which  was taking its position on those  heights, from which their fire pierced  our trenches. The chief village of the  Kurds ami Armenians, where we got  our provisions, lay in a heap'in the  valley, on the slopes of the Bayazed  hillock. At night, a sheet of flames  covered this village; the Kurds, excited by the approach of their coreligionists, fell upon the Christians,  slaughtering the men and setting tire  to their houses; we could see distinctly the unfortunate Armenians being massacred and the women and  children hurled into the coals. The  Turkish troops .joined the Kurds in  pillaging the Christian quarters and  carrying off the live-stock; all that  was left was a heap of ruins and  ashes.  We 'had hastily barricaded ourselves, blocking up with stones the doors  and the breeches in the wall; our provisions consisted of a little reserve  of barley and a few boxes of bis  euits. What made us most uneasy was  the lack of water; from the first day  the enemy turned the course of the  spring which furnished the citadel.  Another stream flowed into the valley,  three hundred paces from the rampart; but the approach to it was cut  off by the firing from the Turkish positions. When he saw himself invested, the commander gave orders for all  the casks, vessels and pots to be filled;  for 1,500 men there was the meat  of from four to five bears to live on.  On the 8th we repulsed a first assault which cost us not a few men.  We were kept in a state of constant  alarm on the days following, our feeble  effective, obliged to be at their posts  night and day, were soon tired out;  but our most grievous losses were  those whieh 'happened each night during marauding expeditions in search  of provisions in the ruins of the village and to draw water from the  stream in the valley. Every even  ing a column of volunteers set out on  these perilous expeditions; the Turks,  apprized of our custom, swept the  avenues leading to the fortress; the  column left on the way ten, fifteen,  sometimes as many as twenty men,  and, at that bloody sprice, it brought  back a few buckets of poisoned water; for the enemy took care to heap-  up in the stream the bodies of men  and horses whieh gave a rank taste  to that water. ���������.  The soldiers were allowanced to a  pound of biscuit and a can of water  a day; still it was an ideal abundance compared to the amount to  which it was necessary to reduce it  later. From, the first week of the  siege we had to give -up washing the  wounds of the injured and making  soup for them. The torture of thirst  was inflicted upon us during the burning hot days of an Asiatic summer,  after nights spent on sentry or "irf  fighting; in the morning, our first  glances were, turned to the sky, burning like an oven vault, in which not  one cloud brought a promise of relief  to our torment. But there, remains of  those days a monument more eloquent in its simplicity than any account which can be given. These are  the daily orders addressed to the gar  rison by its brave commander. Here,  peruse this:  M. P. pointed out to me, on a shelf,  in the library, a small thin book of  a few pages which bore this title:  "The twenty-three days' siege at Bayazed, Petrograd, 1878" I glanced  over that pamphlet; I regret that I  cannot reproduce everything from a  dociini.ent so extraordinary and so  honorable.  Command No. 6���������June 9. I address  my sincere thanks to the officers and  the soldiers for the valor with which  they repulsed yesterday's assault.  Lest the supply of water should give  out quickly, and the siege last a long  time, the allowance is reduced to  half a  can.  Today we will dig a ditch in the  ground under the vaults and bury the  body of Lieutenant-Colonel Kovalev-  sky, killed in' battle on the 6th; we  will throw the earth over the body.  This evening we will assign a gang  of workmen and an escort of Cossacks to open a drain to the stream;  the men who are engaged upon ithis  drain must take with them wooden  vessels and leave the cans behind in  order to avoid making any noise.  Command No. 7.���������June 10. The  workmen made too much noise last  night, and the enemy, forewarned,  stopped the expedition with its fire.  In the event of the water for the  hospital, becoming exhausted, the  wounded and sick will share in the  distribution- of the- garrison; they������������������will-  receive a can morning and evening.  . From tomorrow, the ratio of biscuit will be reduced to half a pound  per man.  Command No. 10.���������June 14. From tomorrow the ration of biscuit will be  reduced to a quarter of a pound per  man.  Yesterday's sortie having been  successful, water will be allowed the  wounded  and sick for soup.  Command No. 19.���������June 24. Yesterday's sortie having again failed, the  sick will receive a can, and the combatants a spoonful  of water.  As there is no more bread in the  hospital for want of water to make  it with, the biscuit which is left will  be kept for the sick, at the rate of  a quarter of a pound per head; in or  der to provide nourishment for the  garrison we will kill my horse and  the adjutant's.  ".Tust think," resumed M. P., as I  handed him back his pamphlet, that  from that day on which we were reduced to an allowance of a spoonful  of water there were still four before  delivery came. But these memories arc  carrying me away, and I was intending to tell you about Petrouchka only.  You wonder what was happening to  him all that time. His talents were  no longer of any use at Bayazed; it  was no time for music except what  the cannon provided. The fifer was  transformed into a gunner. He did  not distinguish himself in this new  role, there was no glory in it for  him; but, during that memorable siege  Petrouchka was inspired by three  ideas, the only ones probably, that, he  has had in all his life; the first two  were tacital ideas, they were ordinary  ones and turned out badly; the third  one was along the musical line; that  one was  excellent, as you will see.  There was, in the citadel, an old  abandoned chapel, set against the  north wall and looking out on the  country through two loopholes contrived in this wall. This chapel was  built    over    a  vast   vault   which   had  served as a prison or as a storehouse  for provisions in the time of the  Turks; a large opening, closed by a  movable flagstone, gave access to this  vault. It was there that we buried  our fallen soldiers; and, unfortunate  ly, there was not a day in which it  was not necessary to remove the flagstone to lower fresh victims into the  valut.  One afternoon, as we had been  fasting since dawn, Petrouchka, seeing me in a rather bad humor, came  to me with a mysterious air and confided to me that he believed he could  get our supper for us. He had noticed  that a pair of wild pigeons returned every evening to rest in the embrasures of the wall and went away  again in the mornings. Apparently  these birds passed the night inside  the chapel, and it would be easy to  capture them there. After having  revealed his project, my man set out  in great secrecy on that expedition;  he slipped into the deserted building  and placed himself in ambuscade under the loopholes.  The pigeons entered; .Petrouchka  rushed in pursuit of them, armed with  a large switch. But darkness had  fallen in the chapel, and he had not  dared to take a light for fear of  awakening attention, of attracting  some joint-sharers. Ill-fortune decreed  that on that day, some of our men  should place at the aperture of the  vault, two soldiers killed the evening before, while neglecting' to replace  the flagstone. Petrouchka stumbled  against those bodies, got entangled in  the cords intended for lowering them,  and fell, head first, into the gaping  hole. The next morning, whilst I was  searching everywhere for him, we  heard pitiful cries issuing from  amongst the dead, beneath the chapel.  We drew up the pigeon-hunter, all  bruised, half asphyxiated and mad  with fright, after that night spent  in the sepulchre. The adventure has  had the honor to become historical;  you will find it in the appendix to  the account of the siege, enlivening  those tragic pages.  Petrouchka's second idea was'1 still  less happy, although inspired, by a  brave sentiment. The day on which the  coinmander gave directions for killing  the last officers' horses, I ordered-my  servant to lead my poor animal to the  sacrifice. Petrouchka read in my eyes  the regret which I felt at parting  thus with my battle-horse; he communicated to me a plan, the result of  which was to procure provisions for  us and defer the employment of a  last resource. He thought he knew of  a good supply . of wheat which was  still to be found in - an Armenian  house; only as that dwelling, cut  off from the village, rose in the midst  of an open field, it was impossible  to reach it without being riddled by  the enemy's fire. It was necessary  to employ a stratagem. Petrouchka  and some of his comrades had hit on  one.  At nightfall, we saw them dividing  up a pile of planks which had been  left in the citadel timber.yards; each  volunteer saddled his shoulders with  one of these planks and disappeared  into the trench at the hour set for  going after the provisions. From the  trench, they reached the- open field  creeping along under their shells. Petrouchka little suspected that he was  plagiarizing the. Roman tactics of assault. He w^ent on his way, congra  tulating himself on the success ofhis  invention, and laughing at the Turkish bullets which dropped off his cuirass. But just as he was arriving  safely, a shell burst right above the  moving planks, threw three or four  of them headlong, and broke the order of the little troop; the noise and  the light betrayed their movements.  Immediately the outposts of the enemy'1 batteredXlioseXinfortuhate^ men  with repeated volleys; the volunteers  retreated precipitously. Continuing,  alas! their unconscious plagiarism,  they brought back on their improvised shields, which were traisformed  into stretchers, a dozen dead and  wounded.  Amongst the latter was Petrouchka,  who had been pierced by two bullets.  His wounds, the malignity of which  became evident later, appeared at the  time mild enough; he got off with a  week in bed, and during the last  two days of the siege, he was lounging about with the convalescents  within   the precincts  of  the  citadel.  Those last days brought dismay to  the stoutest hearts. On the 21st, as  you can see by that date in the book  of daily orders, the commander had  communicated some very happy news  to the garrison; whether he had in  .reality received some advice, or whether he wanted to raise the spirits of  the soldiers, our chief announced that  ;i relieving army would arrive next  day. On the 22nd, from the break of  dawn until evening, all eyes impatiently scanned the horizon. Nothing  was seen except the usual flashing of  the Turkish cannon. On the 23rd and  the 24th we awaited, from hour to  hour, the realization of that promise.  Nothing, still nothing!  Then our hopes, for a moment exalted, fell back again from their full  height into a despondency worse than  past uncertainties. No more bread-/ a  spoonful of nauseous water, an/overwhelming heat, and that unendurable  odor of corpses, which were'putrefying at the approaches to the citadel,  tainting the air that we breathed.  The men who were still in health,  broken with fatigue, were no longer  equal to the multifarious duties which  were being exacted of them. Many  settled down on the ground, without  murmuring, but with an obvious longing   for   death.  On the 27th, we ate our last horse;  it meant torture the next daj-*, if heaver, or man did not take pity on us.  On the evening of that day, at the  first shades of night, we signalled a  bearer of the flag of truce from the  enemy, who was walking ��������� about  under the rampart. The commander and officers of coun-  was the eighth since the beginning of  cil went to meet him; that man was  brought in and submitted to us a  missive from the Turkish general. It  the siege; we had disdtainfully sent  back the preceding ones. The commander took the paper, raised it on  a level with the lantern which light  ed up the circle of officers and read  it to us in a loud voice. Schamyl-  Pasha informed the besieged that  General Loris-Melikov, having tried to  effect a conjunction with the left  wing of the Russian army, had been  beaten and compelled to evacuate  Kara; Tergoukassof, who commanded  that 'left wing, had lost, for his part,  more than seven thousand men in  various encounters and was crossing  back over the frontier; we were left  alone, abandoned on Ottoman territory.  The pacha moved by a humane sentiment, urged us to give up a hopeless struggle, and offered us the honorable terms which our bravery merited.  Whilst the Major read, numerous  groups of soldiers had come and massed themselves behind us; I observed  on their discouraged countenance the  impression produced by this sad  news. They found only too much credence; since our brothers were not hastening to our assistance, it was because they were meeting with misfortune on all sides, as the general of  our enemies affirmed. The commander let the letter fall at his feet and  maintained silence.  If I should live for a hundred  years, I will never forget the anguish of that moment. Beneath the  unsteady light of the lantern, around  the Turkish truce-bearer was ranged  the staff outflanked by the crowd of  soldiers; the uneasy faces of the  latter questioned the chiefs, and the  chiefs were silent, their heads lowered. Each one was examining his own  heart, afraid of understanding it and  of understanding at the same moment that of his neighbor; each one  was having an inner but feeble struggle against the fallacies of despair,  the feeling of cowardice which was  beginning to creep into their souls.  Had they not reached the limit of human endurance? Was it not madness  to do anything more? It was a terrible moment, during which no one  spoke, because each one was waiting  for the voice of oue feebler than  himself to come and win us all over  and exculpate the growing weakness  of all. We felt that every second  was triumphing over a will and bringing to a head the common tendency  to give way, which but wapted an  interpreter; we avoided looking at  each other so as \ not to betray ourselves by our glances. I turned aside  my eyes; they became directed mechanically towards a man who was  approaching, his arm in a sling and  his brow bandaged. It was my old  servant, running up to inquire  the reason of the assemblage; he had  heard nothing, was ignorant of what  was going on and looked curiously at  the great Turk, motionless in his Oriental dignity.  Then Petrouchka got his idea, the  good one; a humorous idea, a jest of  a Russian peasant which crossed his  brains in some inconceivable manner.  He came and placed himself right in  front of the truce-bearer, drew from  his pocket his fife, so long mute, put  it to his lips, and, right in the face  of the astonished Turk, he whistled  into   the   instrument.  What Petrouchka wa*s playing was  the first bar of our national.and military anthem: "God Save the Tzar!"  ���������' You"know how" mighty" and" magnificent is that bar! In the great days  of military festivals, you have heard  it passing like a tempest over the  front, of the battalions, making  hearts beat, sabres clink and flags flutter. As soon as it bursts forth, an*  icy feeling compresses the throats of  the most tranquil among us, the blood  shoots into our eyes, as if asking to  be shed. That day, in Petrouchka's  fife, it did not get its usual thundering peal of sound; a prisoner in that  little reed, it issued from it in dull,  miserable and supplicating tones. Yet  everyone recognized it and started;  something forgotten rose up. in the  midst of us; it was not this peasant  who was blowing on his , sorry wooden pipe, it was the voice of great  Russian promising us aid, the voice of  the countrj- groaning and imploring  us to guard its honor and commanding  us   to die.  Ah! What curious machines we are,  my clear friend! A vibration of air  had changed us in a second. To the  moral depression to which we were  yielding, succeeded, in the twinkling  of an eye, an awakening of all our  hearts; each one shook himself as if  recovering from an evil dream, driving  away a shameful memory; our heads  rose again, our eyes which had been  avoiding each other, met in glances  full of noble fire. The commander  abruptly picked up the paper, threw it  at the emissary and said: i|  "Go and be hanged!"  Did any one look upon that reply  as an order, however badly given?  Was it true, as someone has assured me since that this messenger was a deserter punishable by military law? Perhaps. WelJJ  You will not find the end of my story  very accurate but don't expect tos  much presence of mind on the part of  desperate men who were dying of  hunger. In short I know not how,  I know not through whom, in less  than three minutes the truce-bearer  was hanging on the lamp-post, and,  (dontinued on page  7)  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  your office sta*  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY Friday, May 19, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  HOME  TABLE  RECIPES  'it will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes ;^and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.        ���������  FANCY BREADS  Some special preparations come naturally between bread and cake. For convenient classification, they are grouped here under the title of  .Fancy Breads, though they might as well be classed a_ Plain Cakes. They serve a good purpose  for variety, for luncheon, etc.  * #*  Sally Lunn  One quart of flour, a piece of butter the size  of an egg, three tablespoonfuls of sugar, two  eggs, two teacupfuls of milk, two teaspoonfuls of  cream tartar, one of soda, and a little salt. Scatter the cream of tartar, the sugar, and the salt  into the flour; add the eggs, the butter (melted),  and one cup of. milk; dissolve the soda n the remaining cup, and stir all together steadily a few  minutes. Bake in two round pans.  * #    *  Johnny Cake  One quart of buttermilk or sour milk, one  quart Indian meal, one quart of flour, one cup of  molasses, a teaspoonful of soda, two scant teaspoonfuls if the milk is sour, a teaspoonful of  salt.   Bake in shallow pans in a quick oven.  * *'   *  Scotch Shortcake  Two pounds of fine flour, one pound of fresh,  sweet butter, half a pound of finest sifted sugar;  thoroughly knead together without water; roll  out to half an inch in thickness, and place it on  paper in a shallow pan; bake very slowly until  of proper crispness. The cake, to be good, must  be very brittle.  * #    #  Barley Bread  In Scotland, Norway, and other climates where  wheat is not grown, barley bread is used extensively. It is both wholesome and palatable.  Mii the barley meal with warm water and a little salt, but no yeast. Mix to a stiff dough, roll  into flat cakes, and bake before the fire or in an  oven.   Eat hot, with butter.  ROW.S  A favorite departure from the ordinary forms  of bread is furnished in rolls. They are exceedingly popular for breakfast, served warm.  There are sufficient variations in rolls to make  them suitable for viise clay after day, if this be  desired.  #    #    #  Plain Rolls  Boil six potatoes. in two quarts of water, and  when done pour and press the whole through the  colander; when cool, but not cold, add flour to  make a thick batter; add half a cup of yeast, or  one-half cake of compressed yeast, and set to  rise; when light, add half a cup of lard and butter mixed, a tablespoonful of sugar, teaspoonful  of salt, and flour to make a soft dough; knead  well and set again to rise; when light, knead  down again; repeat three or four times; an hour  before they are to be used cut in small pieces,  roll out, spread with melted butter, and fold  over, laying them in a. pan so that they will not  ^touch-each,other_;.set^them ina-warm place, and-,  when light bake quickly. Or, make into an oblong roll without spreading and rolling, and just  before putting them into the oven, gash deeply  across the top with a sharp knife.  English Bolls  Two pounds of flour, two ounces of butter,  three tablespoonfuls of yeast, one pint of warm  milk; mix well together, and set in a warm place  to rise; knead, and make into rolls; let them rise  again and bake twenty minutes.  * *   *  Breakfast Rolls  One quart of sifted flour, three teaspoonfuls  baking-powder, half teaspoonful salt; mix well  together dry, then add three and half gills of  cold milk, or enough to make it the consistency  of batter, and drop with a spoon into gem baking-pans, which should have been previously  heated very hot and buttered.  * #.   ���������  French Rolls  One pint of milk, scalded; put into it while  hot half a cupful of. sugar, and one tablespoonful  of butter; when the milk is cool, add a little salt  and half a cupful of yeast or one cake of compressed yeast; stir in flour enough to make a stiff  sponge, and when light mix as for bread. Let it  rise until light, punch it down with the hand, and  let it rise again, and repeat this process two or  three times; then turn the dough on to the molding board, and pound with rolling-pin until thin  enough to cut. Cut out with a tumbler, brush  the surface of each one with melted butter, "and  fold over. Let the rolls rise on the tins; bake,  and while warm brush over the surface with  melted butter to make the crust tender.  * *   #  Vienna Rolls  One quart sifted flour, two heaping teaspoonfuls of a good baking-powder; mix well while  dry; then add a tablespoonful of butter or lard,  made a little soft by warming and stirring, and  about three-fourths of a pint, or enough cold,  sweet milk for a dough of. usual stiffness, with  about half a teaspoonful of salt dissolved in it.  Mix into a dough easily to be handled without  sticking; turn on the board and roll out to the  thickness of half an inch, cut it out with a large  cake-cutter, spread Very lightly with butter, fold  one-half over the other, and lay them in a greaS'  ed pan without touching  a little milk, and bake in a hot oven  9  Wash them over with  Phones: North Van. 323 and X03.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  'WWM*M**'-'---**M**W**M*M*-*'-*>*-**-'--M  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  FEAR GOD AND TAKE YOUR  OWN PART  By Theodore Eoosevelt. Published by  The Musson Book Co., Limited, Toronto.  K  Parker House. Rolls  One teacupful of yeast, or one cake of compressed yeast, a little salt, one tablespoonful sugar, piece of lard size of an egg, one pint milk,  flour sufficient to mix. Put the milk on the  stove to scald with the lard in it. Prepare the  flour with salt, sugar and yeast. Then add the  milk, not too hot. Knead thoroughly, and when  mixed set to rise; when light, knead again slightly. Then roll out and cut with large biscuit-  cutter. Spread a little butter on each roll and  lap together. Let them rise again very light,  and bake in a quick oven.  #'*'*���������  Geneva Rolls  Into two pounds of flour break three "ounces  of butter, add a little salt, and make into a  sponge with yeastf previously mixed with milk  and water. Allow the batter to rise; then mix in  two eggs, made lukewarm by the adding of hot  milk, and work the sponge to a light dough. Let  jt - stand -for- three-quarters - of an hour -longer ;~  mold into small rolls; place them in buttered  pans. When light, brush them with beaten  yolks of eggs, and bake for twenty minutes or  half an hour.    Serve  hot.  PAYMENT OF M. P's.  " Pride of the West"  ��������������������������� BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  ''Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  The recent decision, of the  British government, that members of parliament on active service in either the navy or the  army must make a choice between their service pay or their  salary as members of parliament,  recalls the fact that even in the  time of the irrepreisible Samuel  Pepys, the question of tlie payment of members was a subject  for earnest debate. In an account of a dinner at which the  apparently perennial subject of  the condition of parliament was  discussed, Pepys says: '' All eon-  eluded that the bans of parliament hath been the leaving off  the old custom of the places al  lowing wages to those that served them in parliament, by which  they chose men that understood  their business and would attend  it, and they could expect an account from, which now they cannot ; and so the parliament is become a; eompany of men unable  to give account for the interest  of the place they serve for.���������  Christian Science Monitor.  Western Call, $1.00 Per Tear.  0 book of recent publication possesses greater immediate interest  than ex-President Roosevelt's  work of the above title, dealing as it  does with some of the most vital  issues arising from the European war  as they affect America particularly,  and inductively, the whole world. Its  interest is increased because it is a.  live work written by a live man, and  because it expresses primarily, the  stand taken by Mr. Eoosevelt, personally, on some of the most agitated  questions of the day relating to the international policies of the United  States. The conviction with which he  writes indicates that in this he is  speaking, not only for himself, but for  a great body of American citizens.  Many readers are already familiar  with some of the matter contained in  this book, as the' same has been reproduced from articles which the writer contributed to the Metropolitan  Magazine during the past fourteen  months, together with an article  which appeared in the Wheeler Syndicate, and one or two speeches and  public statements. But interesting as  these were in serial form, there is no  question that they get added force  and color from their relation to the  whole work before us, much of which  is new matter.  The title, which is a phrase adapted from one of Borrow's works, embodies, in a sense, Mr. Roosevelt's  premise, and is the centrifugal point  from which all his arguments flow.  For, in his opinion, to "Fear God"  means '' loving our neighbor, treating  him justly and mercifully, and in all  ways endeavoring to protect him from  injustice and cruelty"; and therefore,  "when we sit idly by while Belgium,  is being overwhelmed, and rolling up  our eyes prattle with unctuous self-  righteousness about 'the duty of neutrality,' we show that we do not  really fear God; on the contrary, we  show an odious fear of the devil, and  a mean   readiness  to serve   him."  "Fear God; and take your own  part! If this nation had feared God  it would have stood up for the Belgians and Armenians; if it had been  able and willing to take its own part  there would have been no murderous  assault on the Lusitania, no outrages  on our men and women in Mexico.  True patriotism carries with it not  hostility to other nations, but a quickened sense of responsible good-will  towards other nations, a good-will of  acts and not merely of words."  President Wilson's policy of words,  of   meeting   the   need of   the nation  "purely by elocution, when the urgent  need of  the  nation was for action,''  comes  in for  much scathing  criticism  from Mr. "Roosevelt's pen. Indeed the  whole work  is an  emphatic  denunciation   of   the i acts   and policy   of the  Administration     and     the     pacifists.  Amongst    the   latter    he   classes    all  Americans    who   favor   peace    rather  than    war   and    attributes  the    same  unworthy motives to all, namely that  of      cowardice     and     money-seeking,  quite   independent  of   the   principles  which  may be  actuating  them individually.   Yet  while  this  is  manifestly  unfair  to   some of  them, there is   no  room   for   doubt  that,   in the   main,  Roosevelt  is quite  right  in  maintaining   that   a   great deal of   the peace  propaganda   in   the   United States   is  not only insincere but is being engineered by   unscrupulous  German     mischief-makers." He says  "if President  Wilson   had   shown   the    disinterested  patriotism,  courage  and  foresight  demanded" by^this "stUpendoUs'cnsispX  would    have     supported    him     with  hearty enthusiasm.   But his* action, or  rather inaction, has been such that it  has become a matter of high patriotic  duty to oppose him.   No one can support Mr. Wilson   without   being   false  to the ideals of national duty, and international      humanity. No      one  can   support   Mr.   Wilson   without   opposing  the  larger   Americanism,    the  true   Americanism.   No man" can   support Mr. Wilson and at the same time  be   really   in   favor   of   thoroughgoing  preparedness   for    war.    Not man   can  support   Mr.  Wilson  without   at    the  same    time    supporting   a    policy    of  criminal    inefficiency    as regards    the  United   States   navy,   of   short-sighted  inadequacy   as  regards  the   army,   of  abandonment of the duty owed by the  United   States   to weak   and   well-behaved   nations, and  of   failure   to insist   on our just   rights  when   we   are  ourselves   maltreated by  powerful  and  unscrupulous nations." He laments the  fact that, in the case of Belgium, the  United   States,   as   another neutral nation,   did   not  demonstrate  that   they  stood     for    the     right    against     the  wrong.    But he maintains   that     their  duty in that respect   is   far   stronger  now. Because "for many months  Germany  has  waged war against  us,   the  war being conducted by openly author  ized   agents   of Germany   on   the  high  seas  and within  our  land  against our  munition   plants    by    men    who   have  been shown to   be  the   direct   or indirect   agents   of  Germany���������and   whom  as a matter of fact no human being in  his   senses denies tc  be  sueh.  What  I  say  of   Germany   applies  in   less    degree   to   Austria,  which   has   become  the   instrument   of   Germany's   ambition   and   her agent in   wrongdoing."  Most interesting is Mr, Roosevelt's  chapter on "Hyphenated Americanism," particularly in view of the fact  that America's attitude towards the  war problem is complicated by the  nature of the population of which  German-Americans form so large a  part. He deals with them with refreshing frankness, declaring that those  who have been agitating as such "are  not Americans at all, but Germans, in  America * * * When two flags are  hoisted on the same pole, one is always hoisted undermost. The hyphenated American hoists the American  flag undermost." But Mr. Eoosevelt  does not place all American citizens of German birth in this class, but  says when he "is a good American  and nothing but a good American,  whose loyalty is undividedly given to  this country and its flag, he stands on  an exact level with every other American." He claims that he himself is  partly of German blood, but says, "I  am an American, and nothing else."  As to, the question of the exportation of munitions, he considers that  the United States manufacturers are  within their rights in shipping it. That  stopping it would be siding with the  Teutons and not maintaining neutrality, .and that if any side were taken  it ought to be against the Germans,  who have virtually been waging war  against the United States.  If all that Mr. Eoosevelt has to  say about conditions in Mexico are  true, and if all the outrages which he  instances as being committed there  were known to the administration  heads, then he is right in decrying  their policy in every particular and  he could not say too much in conden-  demnation of it, and what he tells  seems too circumstantial/ to admit of  error. ,  When at last Mr. Roosevelt faces  the problem of the right policy for  America to pursue we find that he  advocates following the Swiss system of preparedness with neutrality,  rather than a straight policy of mili  tarism, unless the latter is well safe  guarded. He preaches preparedness to  all loyal citizens so earnestly that no  patriot could possibly hear him and  not heed his words. 3  There is no doubt that United  States is facing a critical situation  and will continue to do so. Mr,  Roosevelt's doctrine of "America  first" is really the first step towards  a. course of international honor. No  one can read his book without feeling  the force of his arguments, which are  at once pithy and virile, and behind  which stands his. own big, vigorous  personality. That he writes convincingly and with conviction will be the  conclusion of every interested reader  of his work.  sented a singular sight, lamentable  and touching; our eyes, accustomed'  to it, did not take notice of it, but.  our comrades of the relieving army  have since told me that they had  never dreamed of such a frightful  spectacle. **' You men were green, I  cannot find any other word for it,"  said one of them to me.  Yes, we did not look like anybody  else. General Tergoukassof, arriving  at a galop at the head of his escort,  stopped at sight of us; tears rose  into the eyes of that old soldier. He "  rushed under the postern, pressed our  commander to his heart, then he went  straight to the fifer and cried to him:  "Keep on, my hero, I give you the  cross of Saint George.  Petrouchka, still in a jesting mood,  answered:  "Thanks, your Excellence; but may  it please you first of all to give me'  a   glass  of water;  it is   twenty-four  hours since  I  have   had  a   drink.''  ���������   ���������������������������������������������������  "So, you see, growled M. P., * *  rising, "I cannot dismiss that dolt  from my service.���������From the French of  Vte. E.  M. DeVogue.  =5.  Phone Seymour 9086  WE HAVE  Applications every day for 5  to 7 roomed  HOUSES FOR RENT  Send us your Listing  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122  Hastings St. West  Ottawa, Canada   s  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Colombia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  THE   FIFER PETROUCHKA  (Continued from page 6)  beneath the poor, struggling wretch,  Petrouchka, the jester,;' continued to  play his fife. \  Each one returned to his night post.  It would not have been well for the  Turks to attack us at that moment.  A vague presentiment told us that we  were reaching the end of our troubles.  At dawn ou the 28th, an unusual  commotion was taking place on the  mountains; artillery fires were crossing each other without being directed  at us. Soon we saw the lines of the  enemy retreating while fighting; a  column debouched over the heights;  from the ramparts the look-out man  hurled at us a shout of joy; he had  recognized the Russian uniforms and  ensigns. In an instant, all those in  the garrison who were ;still able to  run were, on the wall; we followed  the vicissitudes of the struggle, we  could distinguish the regiments which  were advancing. Towards noon, the  Turks evacuated the valley in disorder; a mass of cavalrymen darted  over the slopes to the citadel. I will  leave you to imagine the shouts, the  mad gestures, the appeals ot the men  who surrounded me. However, we  posted up in the quarters an order of  the commander's, the last one.  "' Order "No! 23XJunX2C ArtliXapv  proach of our liberators, hoist, beside  the flag, the ensigns of the Stavropol  battalion and the field-colors of the  Cossack sotnias. All the troops must  line up in order of parade on the ramparts. Around the flag we will sing,  "God   Save   the   Czar!"   and. shout,  "Hurrah!" " ��������� __  #    *    *    #    #  "All the troops," that is to say  the few hundreds of spectres who  were still crawling around in the courtyards, pressed close around their  standard. Those feeble voices, choking with thirst, struck up the anthem with a childish tremor. A little  in advance, Petrouchka gave the  pitch, playing on his life, as on the  evening   before.  You   may well   believe that we   pre-  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MIN-NO  B8GU&ATION8  Coal mining rights of the Dentin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.   The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  4    '  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of   Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy  Minister  of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL mm  8  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday. May 19, 1916.  The secretaries of all Clubs  and Associations (whether social, religious or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication.  The assessment on Block "A,"  sub-divisions 1 to 4, of D. L.  32.3, owned by Mr. Robert McBride, has been increased to $900  for sub-divisions 1 and 4, and to  $400 on sub-divisions 2 and 3, according to an amendment to the  draft order issued on Thursday  by Mr. Justice Morrison. The  draft order fixed the assessment  at $250 per acre or approximately $23 per lot. This has now been  raised to -$90 per lot, and $50 per  lot . in the respective sub-divisions.  Ypres, St. Julien and Festu-  bert, where the Canadians have  won for the Empire and humanity victories that will never fade  from the page of history, were  brought very near to all who attended Westminster Presbyterian  church on Tuesday evening and  heard the stirring address delivered by Private David Loughnan, one of Vancouver's returned soldiers who took part in those  engagements. A number of trophies and relics of the battlefields were exhibited by Private  Loughnan at the close of his impressive recital of the heroic  deeds of the Canadians in that  memorable stage of the' great  conflict.  "The  man who is not  good  enough for a politician is not  good enough for the ministry,"  said Rev. Win. Boulton, Conservative candidate for the legislature, at a. meeting of Ward 3  Conservative Club Wednesday  night in reply to a criticism of  ministerial friends that a man  can not be a good preacher and  a good politician also. The day  of the old-fashioned politician  was over, said Mr. Boulton,' and  the time had arrived when men  of clean political ideals, having  the welfare of. the people at heart  should be entrusted with the  work of legislating. Mr. Boul  ton dealt with the political situation generally. He said he was  a Conservative because in his  opinion the Conservative party  in Canada was the Imperial par  ty. He also expressed his approval of the several measures  recently introduced by the government at Victoria for the protection of workmen and to assist  in the development of agriculture  and shipbuilding in the province.  Mr. Bou_lton will deal with the  question of women's suffrage at  his meeting in ward three on the  28th inst.  Club, a musical and literary so  eiety, was organized on Tuesday  night at a meeting held at the  home of Mrs. J. Clark. The club  will meet every second Tuesday  evening at the same address  Already there is a membership1 of  25 and a number of others have  signified their intention of joining. A picnic will be held on  May 24th at Jericho Beach.  The unveiling of the roll of  honor of the South Hill Baptist  church will take place on Monday at the evening service. An  address will be given by Lieut.  Henry of the 158th Battalion and  several of the officers of that battalion will also be present. A  special musical programme has  been arranged which will include  several anthems by the choir.  Cook by Wire  Pave tlie way to a more thorough erojoymeut of life by using  EtECTWC COOKING UTENSJLS  They connect to the lighting sockets; use only a few  cents worth of electricity to cook a meal; and are thoroughly sanitary au4 efficient-  EL TOSTO���������  Costs   one   cent   to   toast  'twelve   slices   of  delicious  toast.  EL GLOSTOVO���������  Ordinary granite pans may  be used on this appliance,  {laises a quart of water to  boiling point in 14 minutes at a cost of less than  l1/. cents.  ia, sako���������  Large enough for 2 loaves  of bread, two pies or pans  biscuits or to roast a  chicken; costs Xy2 Jto 5V_  cents an hour.  EI. GSILLO���������  Boils, broils,   fries,   toasts,  at a cost of less than 5y2  cents an hour.  Canal & Hastings  "1138 GranvUlcT"  Phone Sey.  SOOO  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  WMITEP  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  The   police  commissioners   at  their meeting on Tuesday recom  mended   that   certain   structural  alterations be made to the police  station.    They  also formally ap  pointed    Chief     Constable    Lee  pound-keeper   in   place   of   ex  Chief Bramwell. The commissioners are claiming from the Dom  inion   police a   refund of $38.60  expenses    incurred    in    keeping  guard   over   the   Russian   leper  John Bedoff.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  ��������� at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  The civic board of works de  cided Tuesday afternoon to recommend to the city council the  acceptance of an offer by Mrs.  Anna Smith of the south 30 feet  of lots 9 and 22, southeast quarter of Section 47, Hastings Town-  site, for the opening of Twenty-  seventh avenue between Kaslo  and Renfrew streets. This will  give the people in that district  access to the Beaconsfield station  on the interurban carline, which  is the limit of the five-cent fare  to the city, which they have been  urging for a considerable time.  The question of the construction  of a bridge over the ravine will  be taken up later on.  The judging in the garden  competitions will be done about  August 1 and the judges will  give points as follows: Twenty  points for general design, layout,  paths and their condition, sizes  and shapes of beds; twenty  points for cultivation of soil; ten  points for number of varieties;  ten points for kind of varieties;  twenty points for arrangement,  general effect of habit, general  effect of color, distribution o'f  plants, space, etc., and twenty  points for quality, healthy vig  orous plants, their good show  points, quality of lawn, care of  boulevard The size of the plot  will not be considered, decorative or productive gardening having equal opportunities of securing points. To the competitor  gaining most points, a prize of  $25 will be given, to the secbnd  a prize of $15 and to the third a  prize of .$10. Besides these prizes  honor certificates will be given to  other competitors who, in the  opinion of the judges gain a  sufficient number of points. The  judges will- be ^willing- -to give  information as to how the competitor could have gained more  points, thereby securing valuable  information, for future guidance.  Mr.  Alexander   Sharp,   M.E:,  was the principal speaker at the  meeting of   the  industries   committee in  the  municipal hall   on  Thursday   evening,    while  short  addresses were also delivered by  Mr. Nieol Thompson, president of;  the Vancouver Board of Trade;  Mr. Arthur   Hepburn, Mr.   William   McLeod,  Mr.  James   Ash-  worth, Mr. Paul, Reeve Winram  and    Councillor   Rowlings,    the  chairman.   Mr. Shiirpe said that  tlie war had made Canada realize the value of her mineral  resources more than anything else  could have done.   It had proved  to  her that,) she should be  commercially     independent.     In     a  brief'review of  the resources  of  the  Dominion he declared    that  Canada had greater opportunities  than any other country,, not excepting  the United  States.    Development in the past had    been  retarded by   the   lack of   transportation and by the bad habit  of   Canadians  buying   elsewhere.  Canada   had   imported  last year  $3,000,000    more  products    than  she had actually produced.      He  advocated the early construction  of a complete plant for the production of   steel   and   iron products. Mr. Nicol Thompson brief  ly endorsed all that the previous  speaker had said, and added  that Japan before the war had  been buying $20,000,000 of iron  and steel from Germany, and  that he believed that as Canada  was in a position to supply the  goods a great effort should be  made to do so.  IMPERIAL    FEDERATION  THE Little   Englanders   of   half   a  century ago���������now almost  as  extinct as the   dodo���������have    their  counterpart in  a  class  of  Little  Canadians,   who   shrink    from,   and   are  prepared to  resist,  any closer relaticu  than tho  present between Great   Brit  ain    and    her   self-governing   Domin  ions.    They fear an infraction of Canadian   autonomy.  The Toronto   Globe  even presages, under the guise of Im  perial federation,  the rise  of a  Prus-  sianism  which would eventually place  us    under   the   heel    of   some   British  Kaiser!  Much of their perturbation arises  from a gross misconception of what  is meant by Imperial federation. Of  course, this is not the time to try  to agree upon details. By way of  illustration, however, let us outline  anew the scheme which wo have at  various times put forward as perhaps  the most likely solution of the problem.  Great Britain would be federalized; that is to say, there would be  in the British Isles as many legislatures as might be thought expedient  ���������say, one for each of the Kingdoms, or two or more if population required it as in England, or sentiment  as in Ireland. Over all would be the  present parliament, whieh would be  charged with affairs common to the  British Isles, but relieved of the mass  of detail more properly dealt with  by local parliaments. Here would be  an exact replica of the Canadian Confederation. The British parliament  would have no more power than it  has now over the affairs of the self-  governing    Dominions.  There has, however, been for some  time a body called the Committee of  Imperial Defence, at present technically under the authority of the  British Parliament, but capable- of  being developed into something beyond it. Either that or the Imperial  Privy Council might be regarded as  the germ of a supreme organ in which  the whole Empire would be charged  with the affairs of the Empire as a  whole, and with its foreign policy.  At present the Committee of Imperial  Defence is a very elastic body. It  consists of certain cabinet ministers,  the heads . of the army and navy,  their technical advisers, and anyone  else who from, time to time may be  invited by the Premier to serve upon  it. Colonial Premiers are always welcome, and, when at hand, always invited. Its business is to consider the  means of defence of every part of the  Empire, co-ordinate them, and suggest  improvements. It was by such intercourse that Sir Eobert Borden came  to know that what the Imperial authorities and the whole Empire expected of Canada was the contribution to the common stock of as many  Dreadnoughts as Canada could afford  to supply. It .will have been noticed  that Sir Eobert Borden, when last  in England, was invited t������ attend a  meeting of the British cabinet. The  same courtesy has just been extended  to the Hon. William Hughes, premier  of Australia. This would seem to suggest that progress might be made by  utilizing the. ancient Privy Council, in  which there are latent powers that  might *'be "revived;-"- .---=---- ------- -----  The precise manner in which the  evolution shall take place matters little. The central thought is that there  should be a body to whieh every self-  governing part of the Empire would  send representatives (even India being eventually included)���������a body one  grade above the British parliament,  and . only below the King. In that  body the British Parliament would be  simply primus " inter pares���������first  among equals. Every overseas parliament, officially, Avould stand on a  level with it in rank, though, by reason of disparity of population or  wealth, it might not have the same  voting power. In matters of financial expenditure it would only advise.  The mother country would continue,  as at present, to control its own expenditure. No Dominion would be  forced to contribute more than its  own parliament saw fit to appropriate  for any purpose. In fiscal policy,  there might be as much diversity as  ever. But in foreign policy, the voice  of the federated empire, as expressed  by  its   central   organ, would   be   final.  The British government has lately-  taken every opportunity to indicate  that the several Dominions will be  fully consulted in the making of the  terms of peace���������especially in matters  concerning them, as in the enlargement of the' South African Union. It  has also been more than hinted that  hereafter the outlying parts of the  Empire, which have shown themselves  so ready to contribute men and means  in the cause of the Empire, will be  allowed to have something to say in  the shaping, of that diplomacy whereby wars  are  avoided or decreed.  Imperial federation, then, simply  means the promotion of "colonials"  to a higher status than they now enjoy as British subjects, without the  surrender of a particle of their rights  as citizens of independent eneities under the British Crown. In the carrying out of such a scheme, Canadians  would have everything to gain and  nothing  to  lose.���������Hamilton  Spectator.  QUIETLY, QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY, YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking or losing anj  valuable furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE CAMPBELL MAKES II  A BUSINESS TO MOVE  GOODS THAT WAY.  The big CAMPBELL "Car Vans" are heavily padded inside anc  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection. Only skillful, intellil  gent movers handle your goods. AND the charge is surprisingly small!  Phone Seymour 7360 for full particulars.  Qmpb^l$torage Company  QLBEST AND LARGEST \H WEST Effr^ ANAPA  *Ph<m S.ey MouR 7360 OrncL &������BeattT SmECT  Office Phone:   Seymour   8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store  Fixture Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Cases  Painting, Fapexhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B. C.  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  Boots  in  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  feel at ease at once. The style is there, too, and  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C.���������name stamped  on each pair. e  AT ALL DEALERS  SHRAPNEL  Who Started the War?  Who  started the war?  "Jj" said  the  Hun,  "Midt mein pig Krupp gun,  I schtarted  der var."  Then the birds of the air with grief  began to cry, sir,  When they heard of the crime of the  Potsdam Kaiser.  Who fought the Eagle? /  Prance, England and Bussia,     '  United to crush her,  They fought the Eagle.  Then the birds of the air were a-jump-  ing and a-hopping,  When they thought of the blows -that  -    -the" Germans-would be-stopping.-:���������  Who made the rush?  "I," said Von Kluck,  "Until  I  got  stuck,  I made  the rush."'  Then the birds of the air they couldn't  fly for laughing,  When  on   the   Marne  Von  Kluck got  such a "strafing."  Who'll hold the seas?  "On the sea," said John Bull,.  "I've quite got the pull;  I'll  hold the   seas."  Then   the   birds   of   the air   all   flew  across the foam  To the  German  fleet, and sang   them,  "Home, Sweet Home."  Who'll be the pirate?  Von   Tirps   yelled with glee,  "The   cross-bones for me;  I'll  be  the  pirate."  Then the birds all chirped when they  saw   the   British skippers  Send the U boats down to repose  among the kippers.  Who helped the Hun?  "I,"   said   the   Turk,  "That's my dirty work.  I helped   the   Hun."  Then the birds of the air were looking quite "perky"  When the Bussian bear made a meal  of poor old  Turkey..  Who ended the war?  The  Allies  won the  fight  Because they were right.  They ended the war.  Then   the   birds of   the   air were   a-  twittering   and singing  When  the joy-bells  rank  and  the; culprits   were a-swinging.  ���������J.  S.  P., in  Lloyd's  Weekly.  *    *    *    *  One of the new plays recently put  on   in   London   failed   to   draw well.  "I suppose," said the author,."it's  on account of   the   war."  "No," replied the manager, "I  think it's  on  account  of the piece."  Men of Her Blood  (Canada  to England.  Written  Before  the War)  Ah,    does   she   know?   The   wheaten  spear  Falls, bruised and broken;  stirs the  wind  The scattered heaps:���������so disappear  The   men   that   left her   shores behind:  But lo! there springs again, again,  Her sturdy race���������their joy, their pain!  Ah,   dees   she   know?    That   not    the  wind,  Wheeling,   in    autumn,    o'er   these  graves,  Laments one spark to earth consigned  Of that old spirit which she gave;  Against the kernel of the grain,  Time's   hated   scythe has  beat  ���������  in  vain!  Let'EhglaM's^need^ appear! that" day "  God smother in the womb of Time!  But suffer it���������then, think to stay,  Upon the hill, the winter's rime!  The sun is risen!���������see the snow  lu torrents from the mountains go!  Ah,  does  she  know?   Did treacherous  foes, .  Combining,       shake       that      noble  strength,  As, from the hills, the melted snows���������  The  headlong    torrents pour    their  length  And all unhindered, find the tide,  Men of her blood must reach her side!  ���������Charles   Twining,   in   The University Magazine.  *        *        K        *  Slang from Shakespeare  That more than one of our slang  expressions can be traced to Shakespeare is not a new discovery, but it is  gratifying to find a college student  making it for himself and a college  press bureau deeming the fact worthy  of a place in its news bulletin. What  motive prompted this student to look  into the First Part of Henry IV. does  not appear���������we can only conjecture  that it was to be played in the town  or at the college���������but he came across  this passage:  WORCESTER:  I'll read yon matter deep and dangerous,  As    full  of  peril  and    adventurous  spirit,  As   to   o'er-walk  a   current  roaring  loud,  On the stedfast footing of a spear.  HOTSPUR:  If he fall in, good night!  So this was Shakespeare! The student  turned the pages with a zest hitherto  aroused only by Kipling and Conan  Doyle, and at last was rewarded with  another gem df poesy in The Comedy  of Errors, where Luciana exclaims,  "Fie! Beat it hence! "���������New York  Evening Post.  Western Call, $1.00 Per Year.


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