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The Western Call 1916-06-09

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 Subscribe to the  Western Call  $1.00 Per Year  6 Mos. 50 cents  d>  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Kearney ^  J M. Bfclntyie  Funeral DiKctar  T. J. Kearney I Co.  Funeral   Directors  and Bmbalown.   /  At your service day and  night.  Moderate charges-  802 Broadway Wert  none: Fair. 1088  VOLUME VIII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,    FRIDAY, JUNE   9,   1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 5.  ITCHENER  KHARTOUM  "Dulce et decorum eat  Pro-patria mori."  And Kitchener gave his life for his country���������  that highest of honors which the stern Roman  of ancient times not only sought to achieve but  coveted. He has passed into the night of everlasting silence amidst a blaze of glory, and it is  his demoted followers in every corner of the far-  flung British Empire who are to be pitied for  the manner of his taking, and not he himself.  As he lived, so he has died, active and in full  harness. What greater consummation of a great  career could he himself have desired. He has  courted death a thousand times in Egypt, in Soudan, in South Africa, and ahvays Death has let  him go, for his mighty task on earth was not  done. And now, when the end of his work is in  sight, when the plans for the prosecution of the  present tremendous war have been perfected*  and his successors have only to follow closely the  lines which he laid down in order to achieve  final success, when his work as War Minister of  the British Empire is so shaped to survive him  in detail���������it is now that Death has come to claim  the greatest man of the present age. And he  was ready at call.  But for the millions of mourning hearts left  behind him there is only one compensation for  such a loss���������revenge on the traitor who has perpetrated this foul deed. And the name of that  traitor is Prussianism. And, therefore, Prussianism must totter to its fall. For, what can it  dpagainst a horde of avenging spirits, whose  'hearts and arms have become steeled with a  hew and invincible strength through the dastardly act of a cowardly enemy. Already a vast  army is longing to fly at the throats of those  who now represent the greatest menace Jio .civilization that has ever arisen. When the first  numbing shock Of the news of Kitchener's death  hitd passed oyer, it was only to give place to a  "tat more terrible feeling���������that inspired by the  spirit of revenge. Its influence is to be seen in  the unprecedented impulse given to recruiting,  in  the aroused sentiments of  men and women,  EARL KITCHENER  not only in Great Britain, but in France and  Russia as well, and in those desert places where  he was so long a well-known and well-beloved  figure.  Much has been said in the past regarding the  peculiar characteristics of Kitchener; his irapas- ,  sive imperturbability, his irreproachable reserve  ���������his inheritance from the vast deserts���������his unswerving fidelity to duty, his inflexible requirements of faithful service from those under him  have often given rise to the tradition that he  was more a powerful machine than a human being. And yet it was not so. At this supreme  hour of test, it is on the human side that he appeals to his mourners, it is to their affections  that he speaks most of all.  It is not only Kitchener the man, whose loss  the nation deplores. It is all that he stood for.  In his person he embodied the soul of the British nation, the spirit of the allied cause; in the  eyes of the world he was the figurehead of freedom, truth, justice, honor and obedience, which  are the components of civilization in its highest  sense. He was the beacon of the Empire, to  which all eyes turned for guidance and in the  light of whose genius lay certain promise of  safety and protection. He was a man of tremendous native force. His almost unconscious  faith in himself inspired self-confidence in others. He was a tower of strength in time of  trouble. It is to his military tactics and statesmanlike diplomacy that Great Britain owes  Egypt, Soudan and South Africa and to his wise  understanding of their peculiar needs that the  latter countries owe their peaceful government.  It as doubtful if there exists another man who  could have successfully accomplished the almost superhuman task of raising from a negligible quantity, as it were, the most magnificent  army of modern times. Only a great soldier and  a great administrator of unusual dimensions such  as he possessed, and with exceptional magnetic  qualities, could be capable of. such an undertaking. Without him we might possibly have lost  the war in its earlier stages.  In Kitchener the world has jlost the greatest  organizjiig vgenjus, a^nd  personality of modern times. The ocean is his  grave,, but his monument will be the final and  irreparable destruction of Prussianism, for which  all enlightened nations are now striving with'  a single mind and with a, keener eye to victory  and the establishment of right, justice, and freedom than ever before. -  MRS. PANKHURST URGES WOMEN TO  SEND THEIR MEN TO AID OF EMPIRE  "For my 0part as a woman, if  we do not win this war, I want  to get out of this world very  quick. Women haye almost won  equal rights with men and to  lose all we have gained and be  reduced to the subserviency of  German women would be unendurable," said Mrs. Emmeline  Pankhurst, the noted suffragist leader, at the Empress  theatre Thursday night.  "This is a war between certain principles of civilization and  certain principles of government.  Germany is trying to restore  something Ave thought we had  outlived. It is a war between the  democratic ideal and the autocratic ideal. Are we to have a  civilization made������for the mass of  the people by a few or a civilization worked out by the masses  for themselves? Are we to let  the world go back to feudalism?  It is for you to decide whether  we shall go back to feudal institutions.  "We are fighting because we  wish to bequeath to our children  the freedom we inherited from  our forefathers and foremoth-  ers. I am sure that the young  men of British Columbia, the  sons of pioneers, will not allow  the privileges of freedom to be  lost," said Mrs. Pankhurst.  The audience she addressed at  the Empress theatre last night  filled every seat, and a majority  were women. Mrs. Pankhurst is  a woman of slight physique and  does not look physically capable  of having acconipli/ihed the deed's  to  na-  be-  we  which made her famous.  "Before the war," she said,  '** the suffragists were fighting for  exactly_ the ? Mro^-Principlcs/.Jhji  allied nations are fighting for  now. When the war began we  offered our organization to the  authorities for recruiting work.  We realized that we had a very  big organization of women accustomed to public speaking and  who could get a hearing even  from audiences unwilling to give  them a hearing. We knew we  could be useful in helping  arouse the manhood of the  tion.  "In September, 1914, we  gan huge meetings which  called Nation Service meetings.  We had the courage to advocate  compulsory service from the beginning. We took the line that  just as education was compulsory  so the defence of the nation  should be compulsory. We advocated compulsory training for  national service for both men and  women. We felt that we should  never be fully equipped to face  completely organized Germany  until both men and women were  trained to serve.  "Many people opposed compulsory service on the ground  that it wonld Prussianize the  British. Sueh talk is an insult  to our great ally, France. France  and Belgium gave us time to organize. If France had not had  compulsory service the war would  have been lost while we were  preparing."  Mrs. Pankhurst    asked    what  use was patriotism, unless we are  prepared to put our patriotic  principles into practice. Britain,  she said, should have learned the  lesson France learned in 1870.  Women must realize that it  was their duty to urge men forward to do their duty, and to  put no obstacles in the path of  any man who wished to enlist.  It was the duty of women to remind men if they are not *, fully  alive to the need for soldiers.  In recruiting meetings she had  found that the appeal to which  men responded most quickly was  an appeal to the protective instincts of men. It was because  many men had not fully realized  the magnitude of the task of winning the war and the pressing  need for their services that they  did not enlist.  She asked the women in the  audience to become amateur recruiting sergeants. There were a  great number of young men employed, at work that could be  done by women, and these men  should be persuaded to enlist and  women trained to take their  places in civil life. Women had  shown that they were capable of  being trained to perform every  task. At the very beginning of  the war, Germany had 500,000  women trained to make ammunition. Hundreds of thousands of  Englishwomen were now making  munitions.  Mrs. Pankhurst emphasized  the enormous nature of what had  to be accomplished by the British  and their allies before the war  was won, and made an eloquent  appeal to women to aid recruiting in every way possible. The  suffrage leader received frequent  applause.  Mr; Justice Macdonald, who  presided, made an important  statement about the plans of the  recruiting league, of which he is  president. The plans, he said,  were not yet in a mature state,  and he could not develop them  fully, toXh^^  intention of the league to obtain  if .possible a complete list of all  the men in Greater Vancouver  who were available for military  service. The list was not for  compulsion, but for the purposes  of moral suasion. Those who were  medically fit to enlist would be  persuaded if possible to go to  the front. Meetings would be  held at which efforts would be  made to bring home to men the  fact that it was their duty to  fight'in defence of their homes.  It was a singular thing, he  said, that the first recruiting  meeting at which he, .is president  of a recruiting league, was called  on to preside, should be organized by women. He referred to the  death of Earl Kitchener, and requested the audience to rise to  their feet for an instant as a  silent mark of respect to the  dead   commander-in-chief.  Before introducing the speaker to the audience, he said that  a delegation of Serbians were  present to offer to Mrs. Pankhurst a token of their appreciation of the special services  she had performed in behalf of  the Serbian people. He then called the delegation to the stage,  and in a graceful little speech  the spokesman of the Serbians  presented Mrs. Pankhurst with a  bouquet of flowers.  Mrs. Pankhurst, in expressing  her  thanks,   referred to   the un-  VANCOUVER VETEJUN FIREMEN'S  BANQUET TO MARK HISTORIC PATE  At a meeting of the Vancouver  Veteran Volunteer Firemen's Association held Wednesday night  in" Capt; Eaton'sXrtfice at No. 1  firehall, the surviving members  of the Vancouver Veteran Volunteer Firemen's Association decided to accept a very pressing  invitation extended to Mr. Peter  Larson to hold their annual banquet in the Hotel North Vancouver next Tuesday.  The Veteran Volunteer Firemen's Association, which is composed of. members of the fast  dwindling band of volunteer firemen that comprised the precursor of the present paid brigade,  invariably meet around the festive board on the anniversary  of the historic fire which swept  Vancouver on Sunday, June 13,  1886. Next Tuesday being the  30th anniversary of that great  conflagration that claimed thirteen lives and only left two houses standing on the site of Vancouver between Burrard Inlet  and False Creek, the veteran  firefighters decided that the celebration this year should be  something more elaborate than  usual. It was originally intended  to hold  the  banquet "in  the  city  as has been done for over a dozen years past, but Mr. Peter  Larson, who is a star member of  the^veteran fire-fighters! associaX-  tion by reason of the fact that  up to a quarter of a century ago v  he was a promiuent member of  Vancouver's first hook-and-lad-  der truck team, was so insistent  that he should be allowed to  provide the banquet on this occasion that his fellow veterans  finally accepted with warm  thanks.  The association, which is strictly confined in its membership to  the original members of the volunteer fire brigade and tlie pioneer merchants of the city as  honorary members, promises to  have a historic gathering around  the festive board at the Hotel  North Vancouver next Tuesday  evening. It goes without saying that mine host and ex-fireman Peter Larson will provide a  spread that will do him proud,  and with sueh a notable bunch  of old-timers gathered, it should  be a great evening for "reminiscing" and the exciting events  of that sultry Sunday in June,  1886, will be lived over again by  the one-time homeless citizens of  the Terminal  city.  happy experience of the Serbian people, and the courage and  endurance shown by them. The  end of. the war, she said, would  bring a happier day to heroic  Serbia.  At  the   close  of   Mrs.   Pankhurst 's  address, she   made a  re  ference to the tragic death of  Lord Kitchener, which she called  a deed of .-treachery. Mr. Justice  Macdonald asked the audience to  signify its gratitude to and its  appreciation of Mrs. Pankhurst  by rising to its feet for a moment.  r THE WESTERN CALL  Friday,;June 9, 1916.1  /?  THE THREE VISITS  (Translated from the French hy Aimee, for Western Call)  In the month of August, 184.*5, a  column of French soldiers, composed  of African hunters, Turkish cavalry  soldiers and a few batallions of the  line, crossed the beautiful valley of  orange-trees and agaves which lies in  front of the Djebel-Ammer, one of'the  principal chains of the Atlas.  It was nine o 'clock in the evening; night fell, clear and serene. The  light scattered clouds retained the mel  ancholy reflection of -the last rays of  the sun, and long copper-colored bands  ran to the horizon.,,, , a  The men were hurrying along, for  they had to rejoin, as quickly as possible, the columns of the van-guard  who were ordered to carry out at  dawn, a raid which was necessary  to restore to obedience some mutinous  tribes. \  The adjutant-general wlity commanded that little company had halted with a superior officer to see  them file off and to take his place  in   the rear-guard.  ���������vThe weather had been warm all  day; luminous puffs of wind rose  from the ground at intervals and  took the form of white apparitions  floating through the already gloomy  space. ��������� %  4' Just look, s.Corporal Gobin,'' ' said  a soldier, '' look e down there! I saw  something which looked like a white  rag. It' would not be a Bedouin, with  all  due respect to you?" '  "Idiot," said the corporal very  gravely, "it is a cactus-leaf lighted up  by the moon. '.',.���������' *        ,  "Faith! I see that plainly. But  I was speaking of something else, of  an elongated' white figure which I no  longer see. Ah! now there is another ope!"  .' ''It is heat lightning, my boy.''  "Possibly, possibly,. corporal; but  I assure you that all that is no joke, f  ' ������������������  and that I have lost my confidence  since coming to this country."  ���������At that moment, the young soldier,  corporal Gobin's interlocutor, passed in  front of the general.  '' What is it that frightens you so  much?" asked Gobin.  "Nothing of any account, if it so  pleases you; but all those goings and  comings of things which dance in the  air, those plants which have great  arms sharp as swords, . those other  green implements which look like melons garnished with knitting-needles,  all~that impresses me as being unnatural, and, in the night, the place  must be haunted by a lot of evil  spirits-''  "Will you kindly b������ silent, you recruit!" said the corporal vivaciously.  "Don't talk about ghosts!"  "Why ��������� should I not speak of  them! I am not afraid of them since  you and the others are here. All the  same Arabian ghosts must be a  farce!"     ������������������ ,  "You must be from a village,  young man," answered Gobin senten-  tiously, "to be so completely lacking  in tact, I will even say in feeling!  pnow," continued he, lowering his  voice, "that these things must never  be discussed in front of the general."  "What! is General "Vergamier  afraid?"  "Afraid! come now, nonsense! General Vergamier afraid at this time of  day! A hero who has won all his  grades by thrusting himself up to the  neck into the mouth of cannons, who  is commander of the Legion of Honor, and who has other crosses, little  ones, on all the seams. My friend Ga-  bet, you will never rise to the dignity of Minister of War, it is I who  am telling you.  "Then, since your general is brave,  why is he unwilling to hear us talk  about ghosts?"  Sacrifices that are not made from choice.  . HOUSES  WEST END-r-9-room strictly modern house on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. on full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining room, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception room in expensive paper, the  4 bedrooms have washbowls with hot and cold water,  the large front bedroom has artistic fireplace. Property  was- formerly valued at $23,000. Today's price, $8,900.  On terms.  80&N8Y ST.���������Semi-business, 25 ft., .in tbe first Block  off Pender St., closest to Pender, mth 10-room house,  rented, clear title, old time price, about > $22,000. To-  iday for $8,300.   Tterm.s f  FAJRVJEW���������Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  Av^; and East of Granville St. on lot 62% by 100 ft.  and garage. Has hot-water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000.' Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000. IVz per cent. Balance arrange:  # KITSILANO���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet and bookcases, iur*.  nace, fireplace, bath and toilet separate, gas and. electric light. Sold for $7,500. Today for $4,500. Mtge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  OBANDVIJ5W���������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has full basement, furnace,' laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was  sold for  $4,500.  KITSILANO���������Most attractive 5-room bungalow, new, on  10th  avenue, <mfnll^^  "Hardwood" floors,"beam  ceilings,  pannelled walls,  bath  * and toilet separate, fireplace, basement cement floored'  and extra toilet, stone pillars in front, cement walks,  best hardware.   Price  $3,500. Mortgage  $2,000.  8 per  cent. Balance arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������-On Third 4ye- near Cbmmercial St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ^ft. Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  KITSILANO���������3-year-old modern house ^on 8th Bve. on  large lot 66 by 132 ft., has hardwood floors, furnace,  fireplace, bath and toilet separate, valued at $6,000.  Today for $3,150. Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange.  LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious location, as a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold here as high as $2,500, but owner hard up'  sell for   $600.  POINT. GREY��������� On the brow of the hill near 22nd and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2 lots on 8th Ave. ner Burns St., cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50 ft. lot on 10th Ave. near Laurel St; for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE. WEST���������33 ft. near Trutch St. dirt cheap  at $1300. Also 50 ft. between Fir and Pine Sts. for  $2800.   Formerly held at $17000.  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and Jackson  for $7600.  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  Strathcona Place cost $4000 for $1500. A splendid  homesite.  KINGSWAY���������33 ft. near Nanaimo St. for $450.  SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for   $75.     . ���������  X ACREAGE  SURREY���������152 acres near Port Mann about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth Road for $37 per acre.  BURNABY���������3*% acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000.  GIBSON'S LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  Roberts Creek 2 acres- cleared, 2 slashed balance alder  / and small fir creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 years' old, assorted and small fruits., Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear deeded  lots or house not too far out.  ALLAN BROS.  REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. .2873  "It is just his idea! He says those  stories trouble him, especially at night.  It is a weakness, young man, I acknowledge it; a weakness unworthy of  a brave fellow like him, and he  conceals it so well that no one suspects it."  "Then how do you know it, Corporal?"  "It was an old friend of mine; Rob-  ergeot, a sapper in the 22nd, who was  servant to the general, who confided  it to me under the seal of secrecy,  one evening when he was drinking!"  "^fell! you are keeping the-secret  in a fine manner! Did I ask you if  the general * * *"  "Silence, Gabet, my friend!" exclaimed Gobet; "I believe that he suspects that we are, talking about him."  Indeed, the general had not lost one  word of the conversation between the  two soldiers, and the impression which  it produced upon him was so truly  painful that his companion, surgeon-  major Edward Banis, could not help  looking on him with surprise.  "Do you believe in ghosts?" asked  the general abruptly.  The, major smiled.  "Why not?" said he.  "And so then, the body being  dead, the soul survives?"  "Put in those words, the question  changes."  "Explrfin to me your ideas upon  that."  "My faith, general, what do I  know? If life is the manifestation,  or, to speak more correctly the emanation from a general and eternal  source in a finite and perishable form,  spiritual intercourses are not only  possible, but natural."  "And your opinion, major?"  "Frankly, I do not know what to  say to you. I have never beheld an  apparition, consequently I have a right  to doubt. These phenomena do not  seem to me contrary to the general  laws of nature, and are so much the  more admissible, scientifically that,  by their very nature, if they exist,  they escape, by their essence, all the  material control exercised by the. senses; and if the soul undergoes immediate contact with another soul, the  mind, alone can verify the apparition.  The body feels nothing,. sees nothing,  hears nothing. At Weinsberg, in Germany, I have watched doctor Justinns  Koerner and Albert Trintzius, his  most fervent disciple, at their experiments; they furnished me with terrifying cases. * But I am a doubting  Thomas. I want to see and touch."  -"My dear Edward, I have seen!"  said the general, in a dull voice.  The valiant officer, the grave general who confided* this strange'secret  in Mi Banis, was a very young man  still; he was scarcely thirty-eight  years of age. His handsome, and noble face, somewhat full in design, received a stamp of melancholy grace  from the rather sad mildness of his  large blue" eyes which tempered ithe  harshness of his tanned complexion  and of his long fair moustache, thick  enough to ..completely cover his upper lip. His hair was short but  silky; his ears small and his teeth  evenly arranged, his broad and  thoughtful brow indicated a dreamer. General Etienne Vergamier, with  his tall figure, his broad shoulders, his  great corporal strength, his gentle, eyes  and his charming smile . might  have served as a model for that hero  of the north, the son of Ossian and  Fingal, who fought whilst singing to  a heroic rhythm.  The major, a cold, methodical man,  but intelligent and possessing an unlimited depth of knowledge, received  the general's singular confession with  much astonishment and, above all, with  great curiosity. Were one a thou-  sandtimes "a d6~ctor~an^  marvellous bears for him a painful  charm which he does not escape.  Vergamier urged his horse to a trot  and preserved silence for some time.  The major respected his reverie, then  he yielded to his curiosity rendered  legal by his intimate connection with  the general.  "We have a long march to make,"  said he; "the road will get rough,  and we will have to slacken our pace.  General, relate to me the circumstance  to which you have just alluded.' Is  this not the hour propitious for ghost  stories*?"  "Wh.it is the use, major? You would  not believe me!"  "I believe in all sensations; only  I will, perhaps, allow mysef the lib"  crty of inquiring into the origin of  yours."  "You are going to appy the scalpel  of physiology to the inmost recesses  of my heart. Much as it costs me, I  will, however, yield to your desire.  But I beg you, do not laugh. All that  I am  going  to say is very, serious."  The moment was well chosen for a  recital of this kind. According as  they drew near to the Djebel-Ammer,  the, ground, but lately bushy and fertile, became sandy and barren. The  orange-trees gave place to the len-  tisks and horribe cactus pants. The  strawberry-trees lifted straight to the  sky their trunks of a bloody red and  their regularly formed branches, laden with loaves so shiny that the light  of the moon, falling on them, made  them glitter like the acanthus and  chasing of a silver candelabrum. To  right and to left rose banks of rocks  black and blue like monstrous Japanese vases from which rose great  cactus-plants with leaves notched like  the formidable claws of a crab. The  fine, dry heather trembled under the  breeze with a sinister crackling noise;  and the pale reflection of the rising  stars cut in lengthened profile the  shadows of the horses and men. The  wolves were howling in the distance,  and large birds whirled about in the  air uttering piercing cries.  They heard the> horses trampling  sadly through the fluid sand; steeped  by recent rains. From time to time a  rifle went off with a sharp report, because a great tuft of grass had stirred, or because a stone had rolled with  the anfractuosity- of', a rock. In Africa it is usually above each rock  which rolls, behind each leaf which  stirs that there is an enemy.  ._.-  "At twenty years of age," said  the general, "I departed from Saint  Cyr at the same time as my best  friend, Georges do .Mancel, a charming  young man, fair, pale, puny, dreamy  as a poet, strong as a Kabule, brave  as a lion. We had known each other  from our earliest years at Saint-Cyr;  in the midst of those brutal quarrels, which barbarous traditions are  renewing every day, he had often  taken my part and fought for me, as  I used to fight for him. We loved  each other sincerely, and we keenly  regretted the approaching separation  whieh our entrance into service was to  bring   about.  More fortunate than we had anticipated, ^e met again at the taking  of Fort Emperor, both of us sub-lieutenants, joyfully engaging in war, and  full of hope.  A few days later, Algiers was taken by storm. George was one of the  first to penetrate into the town; I  saw him fall, struck by a bullet in  the left side.  I lifted him up and carried him on  my shoulders to a little house which  had been abandoned at the first can-  onnade. I laid him down in a little  room belonging to a woman, which  was fresh, luxurious, perfumed. The  bed was stripped of its bedding. I  put my . poor George on it and I  staunched tbe blood of my best  friend. Useless efforts! The death  agony commenced. Enfeebled by the  loss of blood, he could scarcely lift  up his head to look at me again; but  he held one of my hands in his and  pressed it convulsively when his sufferings i became unendurable.  However, he had a few peaceful  momeuts. ���������      ���������      ,  "Etienne," he said to me, "I am  dying young, and I regret life; for  it was sweet to me with your friendship. We are going to part, but who  knows if it is forever! No, one can  say what awaits us beyond the tomb;  perhaps other bufferings, perhaps happiness or nothingness. . But! if my  soul is immortal, if it preserves in  regious unknown the affection and  memories which filled it in its pass-  ago oyer th e earth, blessed be God!  And if-it' is true that we can see  again those whom we have tenderly  loved, be assured, my good Etienne,  be assured that I will return to you  *.' * * Some evening * * * in the springtime * -* * I hope! * * ���������< I feel that  death is easier. * * * I am suffering  much, however. * '* * But my poor  mother, top, ,told me when dying * *  I will return! * *.'..*' Arid she did 'return * * * that night * ���������*��������� * again  * * * she smiled at me. She is weeping now Etienne. Farewell."  He uttered a sigh and expired..  The general stopped for a few mo.  ments, and resumed in. an oppressed  voice:' ������������������  "I will not depict to you my grief;  it was horrible. And when they buried George with beating of drum and  songs of victory, I shed bitter tears,  for I felt my youth lying in that coffin side by side with my friend.  George's strange farewell had impressed me singularly; in the night I  had nightmare, hideous visions moved  around me. For six months, I was as  nervous as a woman; and, shall I tell  you, major, in the night, alone, in the  darkness, I was afraid. -__,-=_-  But one year, two years flowed  awaj'. The memory of George, deeply  engraved in my heart, gave way, without being effaced, to the preoccupations of war and anxiety for my future. My childish fears, a real malady, vanished of themselves. ~ Yes,  the niore I reflected, the more'I was  certain of it; I had completely recovered my senses, my mind was free  and my brain was in a sound condition, when the event about which I  am going to tell you, came to strike  me with stupor.  I had just become captain, second in  command. After severe and, I dare  say, glorious campaigns, I returned to  Algiers with my regiment. ' Young,  impetuous, of ardent and almost virginal feelings still, rich with all the  gold of our first captures, I threw  mysef headlong- into all the pleasures  of the garrison; evening, night and  day became for me nothing but an  endless orgy; I became a gambler, but  a passionate, frenzied gambler, as one  is for the first time. At first I won;  then my luck^took a turn. One night,  in a cafe at Bab-Azoun Street, I lost  fourteen thousand francs, all that was  left of my personal wealth and of my  share of the booty.1 oThe loss was  great, and it caused a great deal of  talk   next  morning in   Algiers.  Towards ten o'clock an orderly summoned me on behalf" of the colonel. I obeyed that summons, pale  and uneasy,  not knowing why.  I found my worthy colonel pale and  sadder than myself.  "Captain," he said to me, deeply  moved and as if in despair, "our  regimental chest was broken open this  morning. Fourteen thousand francs  have been taken from it! Fourteen  thousand francs! Do you grasp the  significance   of   that,   sir?"  And the old officer advanced towards me' his arms crossed over his  chest,   his   eye  stern and   threatening.  I felt my temples bound and my  head split. I recoiled uttering a cry  of indignation.  "Here is a handkerchief lost by  the thief and found again under  the  OFFICE  TO  RENT  The accommodation and 'service that we are giving is  of the best. It is shown by the number of offices that  have been rented during the past few months. There are  still some to be had which we-would be pleased to show  you by applying at the Rental Department.  North West Trust "Company, Limited  Seymou/7467. 509 Richards St.  Sovereign Radiators  ,   Ai I  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  /   Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per  cent,  to  7 per cent. ���������".'--  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed, under personal supervision/ * *  Insurance1���������Fire, Life,  Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  J   A MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand. x  mJGQJES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.   Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOMJSAJWi AND HETAJL.  armchair^in the treasure-room. Look,  sir, it is marked with your initials,  E. V."  Mechanically I took the handkerchief, it was certainly mine. My legs  gave way, my tears streamed forth; 1  was no  longer able to say  anything.  "And now, sir," resumed the colonel, "go and blow out your brains'"  I -went out without saying a word,  crushed, annihilated, as if I were  guilty, as -if--I���������were a-thief. -t -dil  not try to justify myself nor to demand an investigation. No! I returned to my little officer's room! I took,  up a loaded horse pistol, which was a  trophy of mine;  I cocked the gun.  At that moment I stopped; my teai-s  changed into sobs, and in a'rapid vision I recalled my happy childhood,  and my first feats of anus, and my  limther, and  George! George above all'  ''To die! " I murmured, "To die  dishonored!"  "You shall not die!" said a voice,  at once vibrating, sonorous, metallic  and sweet, but which.had nothing human in   it. "v  The pistol fell from my hands.  George was there * * * in front of  me! His fixed eyes, resplendent with  an unknown light, illuminated his  countenance, white and transparent as  alabaster.  , Explain this, major,' that, while relating to you this terrible occurrence,  I feel my hair standing up, my teeth  chattering, my voice faltering. Well,  in George's presence, I felt nothing  but a serene joy, an ideal composure,  an   unalloyed   happiness.  My youth, my beautiful dreams of  love and glory shone brightly around  me. Bent a moment ago beneath the  weight of the most inconceivable  fatality, I felt that I was now under  a powerful, almost divine protection.  Shall I say it? George's apparition  did not astonish me. I accepted it as  a quite simple and natural occurrence.  We talked together as brothers, as  friends separated by a long absence.  "Etienne, what were you going to  do?" said he to me gently. "Unfortunate one! I have come to save you.-  Your servant is the guilty man;, he  stole the fourteen thousand francs as  he had stolen this handkerchief 'which  the colonel found. You had confidence  in that man. He was honest indeed.  But he has a v. mistress, a Moorish  girl, who sells her favors at a high  price; it is on her behalf that he  made the theft. Two thousand francs  will be found in his mattress and  twelve thousand francs at the girl's  house.   Go   quickly to   the   colonel's  house. I have said what I came to  say.   Farewell."  George disappeared and I found myself alone. Then a consciousness of  the reality returned to me; I rushed,  with head lowered, at my window-  panes, which burst into a thousand  pieces and made my blood flow.  In the square courtyard, between  the four dazzling limestone, walls, beneath - the blue sky, luminous and  tqr^rid .witk^heatj^.some ..soldiers^, were _r  indolently smoking, and a little. negro  was throwing handfuls pf grain to  splendid Numidian hens, whose green  and striped feathers cast variegated  reflections; the white battlements of  the Casbah dominated that tranquil  and silent scene, and away in the distance- sparkled, like jewels, the  waves of the blue Mediterranean. I  was living, und I was not sleeping!  And all that impossible hallucination,  that phantasmagoria   was  the truth.  Then, terror seized me, mad, implacable, devouring terror. Icy  streams ran over me, from the nape  of my neck to my feet; my fingers  shrivelled up. From that day my hair  was white.  Here the general stopped and commanded a halt. The column had at  last emerged from the rocks and beheld unrolling to their view an undulating plain which a little river entwined with its thousand turns. At  the end of that plain, a black and  threatening wall rose in jagged layers; it was  the  Djebel-Ammer.  General "Vergamier alighted from his  horse, and, leaning on the major's  arm, he continued his story.  Events verified everything that the  spectre   had   revealed   to me. The  guilty man confessed his crime, and  the money was recovered. My. worthy colonel, grieved over his insulting  suspicions, would willingly have killed himself in my stead. The officers  of the squadron came in a body to  pay me a visit of affectionate con~  dolence. A few days afterwards, at  the solicitation of the colonel, I was  named Knight of the Legion of  Honor. The reparation was complete.  The major remained in a reverie.  "You do not believe it, is it nT>t  so, my friend? I, too, caught myself  doubting that evidence. . I saw  George, I am sure of it, and I have  but little more faith in it than you!  Yet; major, that must.be true, or .1  am mad *.���������**"'  "Did that apparition never return?"  asked the major,  on  whom  this  story  had made  a   singular   impression.  (Continued  on page 3) I  I, Friday, June 9,1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  3  WILL ASK DONATIONS FOR  IMPORTANT RED GROSS WORK  t������>  On Saturday of! this week the  pblie will be asked to contribute  Its quota towards the funds of  le Women's Auxiliary to the  Vancouver     General     Hospital,  Ivhen a small army of ladies, un-  ier  the   aegis of  the auxiliary,  pill  be   in   attendance on    the  streets to receive what  can   be  spared for this   valuable    work.  IA11 who have come into contact  [with the work of the social ser-  f vice, or its results, will be of the  ' opinion   that this is   one of the  most deserving of all tag days.  The Woman's Auxiliary of the  General Hospital established social service work in connection  with that institution in March,  1912. This has been of. inestimable benefit to the poor, as the  work is entirely^ charitable, and  aims at benefitting the home conditions, supply nourishing food to  the convalescent, helping to suitable employment those who have  been out of,,work through sickness or misfortune, or in doing  any of the numerous things  which hastens the recovery or  adds to the comfort of the afflicted poor.  During the year 450 cases  from the public wards were found  in need of help, arid were taken  over by this department; 2,817  calls have   been   made   to    pa  tients in the hospital, and 1,-  100 to the homes. Besides this  many other patients have received small attentions, such as being given articles of Clothing arid  street-car tickets when leaving  the hospital, and addresses of  possible employment, of which no  record is kept.  An average of $75 worth of  milk and other nourishing food  is given each month to convalescents leaving the hospital, or  to families while the breadwinner is ill.  .Assistance for Women  A great deal of time has been  taken up in getting temporary  homes for women who are without relatives in the city, and not  yet abie to resume their usual  work when discharged from the  hospital., The department greatly appreciates the held it has had  from other organizations, and  from the women who have so  kindly opened their homes to  these strangers and helped to get  on their feet again.  Many times during the year  cases that require special or expensive treatment have been  brought to* the notice of this department and spoken of in the  papers and at the meetings, and  the,response to these appeals has  (always    been   spontaneous   and  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS ?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged by other dentists has  hitherto prevented you having your, teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTISTRY AS J PRACTICE IT  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure ami of Oralthesia and its certain results,.I say  to all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  ���������        *���������- '''  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  '���������. > * -  i -  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer Painless  Dentist      COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist  cheerful. For instance, the case  of the young girl who had been  for several months at the hospital with a crippled leg. She required a special kind of brace  arid boot; The brace was secured,  and soon she was able to walk  and leave the hospital.  A family of four children is  now under treatment for an inherited disease. As this is very  e'xpensive the parents were unable to pay for it themselves.  Then again, there is the case of  the man in the public ward who  cannot be cured, is not able to  work, and has no home in the  city to go to. Quite a number  of these cases have been dealt  with during the year. The department gets in touch with the  man's relatives in the old country or elsewhere, and then arrangements are made to send  him back home. Through'the relief officer, Mr. Ireland, half  rates are secured. Charitable and  church organizations and individuals are approached and the  rest of the money raised. The  man is outfitted with clothes and  finally seen off on the train on  his way to his relatives.  Families Are Helped  Many families are helped to  permanently better conditions, as  in the case of the woman with  'three children who had been deserted by her husband. They  were all in ill-health from lack  of proper nourishment. The woman, had been struggling for  some time to get -Jrioney enough  ahead to move to better-quarters. Through > the social service  department a month's rent iri advance was paid, and the family  moved to a comfortable house  with a good piece of ground for  raising vegetables. Milk and other necessities'were provided un  til the health of the children was  improved. Employment in a store  near their home was secured for  the woman, and she is now able  to support herself and children..  Helpful as this work hais been  in relieving the distress, of so  many needy ones, there are still  many branches of this work  Avhich have riot been taken up on  account of the laek of means.  To help along the good work  the- Womari's Auxiliary-* of the  Vancouver General Hospital asks  the help and support of all those  interested in helping and saving  the deserving and afflicted poor  who come to their notice through  the hospital   wards.  |\  Phone Seymour 1566  ANOTHER CHERNIAVSKY���������  FOR VANCOUVER  A musical event of the first magnitude is announced for Tuesday  evening, June 20, in St. An  drew's church hall, when the eminent solo violinist, Professor Gregor  Cherniavsky, an older brother of tlie  famous trio, Leo, Jan arid Mischel,  will appear in concert with some of  the foremost loca| artists of this city,  namely, Mr. Frank Wrigley, Mrs. W.  L. Coulthard, Mrs. Douglas Johnston  and Mr. Hamilton Earle. The latter  names are in themselves a pledge of  a most exceptional musical treat of  the highest order, but to add to  such a splendid galaxy of names that  of George Cherniavsky is to promise  something of an extraordinary nature,  coming, as he will, in the wake of his  famous brothers, who so recently took  the  public   here  by storm.  Vancouver is certainly a favored city  in thus obtaining an extension of the  unusual musical festivities which she  has been enjoying, and still more so  in view of the fact that this will be  Mr. Cherniavsky's first appearance in  Canada. It is worthy of note that  the latter artist has won most signal  honors in Moscow, Vienna, as well as  in Petrograii, his native eity. He also  won the gold medal of the Imperial  Conservatoire of Petrograd and for  twelve months assisted the great professor, Leopold Auer. The magnitude  of the- forthcoming treat here maybe  judged from, the fact that^ his own  brother Leo, and Mischa Elman were  distinguished   pupils   of   his.  The concert receives additional- prestige from the fact that it will be  conducted under the auspices of the  Eed Cross Society and under the able  management of Mr. Frank Wrigley,  who has done so much towards the uplift of the Vancouver musical world.  The entire proceeds will be donated  to the Eed Cross Society, and the keen  interest already displayed promises  that the sum will be a very large  one.  THE THREE VISITS  (Continued from.1 page, 2)  "I saw'���������; George again," answered the general, with a gloomy air.  ' *" I saw him again on the evening  preceding the day on- which I killed, in a duel, Major Bernard dej  Eis. That evening I was returning  from drill; t was tired and sad;  I entered, abruptly into my room  which was lighted only by the light  of  a y great fire  of  dry branches.  George was sitting in my big  leather  arm-chair.  He stood up with a grave, earnest  manner.  "I was waiting for you!" he said.  "You are to fight tomorrow with  Major Bernard de Eis, who is > a bully. You are paying too little attention to your weapons."  George leaned against the wall,  and I saw a sword in his hand. I  took down a foil and put myself on  guard.  "Pay attention," said George; "I  am going to give you what Grisier  so gallantly calls a lesson in,duelling. Come, here is an irresistible  game. Advance the sword, draw back  the left foot, playing with and snapping the steel; one, two and at the  heart! Good! But you do not lunge  enough."  "I did not dare!" satid I, ��������� the  perspiration standing on my brow.  A wan smile passed oyer George's  lips; we recommenced, and this time  I lunged, with such violence that  my sword broke against the wall. I  had run George through. But, a  strange thing, or rather quite nature], my sword had not encountered  any resistance.  "Good!" said George. "Keep  your eye and hand under control, and  remain   cool   and you  will  win.' '���������  "George," I cried in an accent  of reproach, "you are going to  leave me! "What is there up there,  then, to hold you so far away from  me?"  George shook his head, and I  shouted violently:  "Will you  return  again soon?"  "I will only return once* more,  Etienne, but that time we will go  away together!"  And the vision vanished like an air-  bubble.  " "I have all my senses," continued  the general with increasing exaltation; but I am certain of what I am  sayinfi; and Vergamier, I took a lesson from a spectre, and the next day  I killed a man! Major, that was a  long time ago. I am awaiting  George's third visit." __  Banis could not suppress a stir of  uneasiness; the feverish condition of  the   general alarmed   him.  "Come, general, Etienne, recover  yourself. You have been relating  dreams, fine bits of foolishness, have  you not? You'must not dream any  more. You are in need of calmness,  composure. Daylight^ will soon be  here.     **���������''���������'  "Major," answered the general, a  prey to a deep depression, " it is a  long time since I have seen George. '���������'  The "whole company mounted on  horseback again and went to the left  to get around the torrents which circumscribed the plain. Gen. Vergamier,  shivering under his hooded cloak,  broke the silence only to transmit  some brief commands to an  officer.  At daybreak, we perceived fires on  the sides of Djebel-Ammar. Those  fires indicated the bivouac of the  first expeditionary column, which Vergamier had orders to join. The junction was promptly effected, and they  piled arms.  " Thei: little" army " was "air"'"that' time  camped on the side of the mountain;  at the feet extended a vast plain covered with thick harvests, and intersected by little threads of irrigation  drawn from the neighboring pond. On  the other side of tlie mountain was  seen a large Arab town, whose houses,  irregular and built on a disorderly  line seemed to tumble down into the  valley, for, on that side as on the  otiier, extended a triple girdle of  light-colored corn and herbs. Great  rocks of trachyte porphyry, blue, black  and white, hung over with their full  mass; a thick forest of cypress, fig-  trees and giant turpentine trees  crowned the  mountain.  At the command of "Break the  ranks! " given by General Vergamier,  and repeated by all tlie officers, the  soldiers scattered over the plain  shouting and laughing. .,  "Come, recruit!" cried Corporal Go-  bin, throwing to Gabet a packet of  lucifer-matches; you are going to make  your  first  fire." .   s  "One sou a packet! Two sous a  box!" exclaimed an old zephyr, an  old frequenter of the boulevard of the  Temple."  Already the plain was burning; the  soldiers stooped down in turns. Then  a slight crackling was heard in the  grass; then we saw rolling, at first  horizontally, then rise and going up in  a spiral a column of smoke, from  which the flames freed themselves like  radiant      goddess      of      splendor  THE TELEPHONE  MAKES EVERYONE  YOUR NEIGHBOR  Where is your neighbor ?  Your neighbor is where the telelphone  is, whether in the next block or the next  city-  No matter how close or how far  away they may be, you can hear their  voices as plainly as if they were in the;  same room with you.  Every telephone is a long distance telephone.   Three times  the day period for the regular charge between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited.  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  shaking her black hair. The lucifer-  matches���������innocent and ridiculous arms  here���������terrible and devastating arms in  Africa, became multiplied in the  hands of the executors of the foray.  When the harvest was all on fire, the  column rallied to climb the mountain; they glided through the ravines  and valleys, into a transversal defile formed by a gigantic crevice in  the. rock, and descended the southern  side of the Djebel, uttering hurrahs.  Still the terrible light made its greenish flames burst forth. The juniper-  trees were consumed with a strong  odor of incense and with jets of gas  blue and yellow.  "Western Gall, $1.00 per Year.     |    The     French     had     only    reached  the bottom of the hill- on the  run when already the Arab town  was burning like a pile of straw.  A few Arabs, who had come out from  the burning houses, exchanged gunshots with the Turks, without, much  damage on either side. However,  there were two or three wounded men,  and Major Banis rendered them some  first aid services, whilst the column  arrived at the foot of Djebel-Ammer,  regained the valley under the shelter of a natural granite incline. The  fire followed the soldiers so closely  that is seemed to be pursuing them.  They gained the valley, the flames  twisted behind them like a serpent; at  last they halted on the edges of the  pond,where the last trails of the fire  Day had arrived,  expired J hissing^  The plain, the village" ahd~tlie~ river of the Djebel became commingled  in1 a lake of fire, whose clouds, carried by the wind, reached the deep  masses of forests hanging on the  crests of the mountain; and soon the  Djebel was covered .with a great diadem of flames. ,The sun, whose rays  pierced with difficulty the fiery and  heavy atmosphere of that furnace,  gave to it a dull and inflexible color  of copper become  red in fusion.  General Vergamier was no longer  with his escort. At the beginning of  the raid, he had alighted and, after  having entrusted his horse to a trooper, it had pleased him to climb the  Djebel by a steep footpath which demanded a sure eye and an agile foot.  Lost in his thoughts, Vergamier did  not notice that insurmountable rocks  prevailed on his right which rose like  a wall between his company and himself. Whilst he heard distinctly the  crackling of the flarnes and the last  detonations of the volley, repeated by  a thousand echoes, he kept on climbing, leaning   on his   sword.  Soon the flames ceased to send to  him its ardent reverberations; already the winding path separated him  from the ravine where the column was  defiling in order that they might no  longer hear those terrible sounds of  fighting and fire. The mountain resumed its   eternal silence.  The general had reached a great  j)lateau which was laden with vegetable earth, where the forest of Ammer  began. There is nothing more gloomy  and more imposing than those deep  groves in w^ich the dark green of the  grey-trunked cypresses dominated;  Vergamier plunged into them with a  rapid step. The ground was bristling  with fragments of sharp and cutting  feldspar, remains of roeks ground by  a tempest. ITis feet were hacked by  them as if they were glancing over the  edge of a razor. But Vergamier seemed insensible to all physical pain. He  stopped, however, beside a stream  which wa3 gushing from the top of a  rock at a prodigious height, and drank  a mouthful of water from the hollow  of his hand.      Theu he sat down  on  a mossy root and meditated for a long  time.  As if that moment were a solemn  occasion, he evoked all his past; he  saw again the white plains of his  Latal Champagne, and Saint Cyr with  .the monastic retreats; and Sidi-  Ferruch and his first weapons; then  Paris, bathed in its blue mists, gigantic Paris, Paris illuminated, and,  the Tuilieres, where his valor had  been recognized and recompensed; and  the Bourbon palace, where loud acclamations had greeted him on the oc-'  casion of his visit and the little  drawing-room of the poet, Nanteuil,  with its sweet intimacy and artistic  luxury, and all those whom he had  loved *  *, * and George.  He raised his head suddenly.  Above him was nothing but  rbek "a"hundred1���������fathoms"^high,-  spirals of black trees; no sky.  Beside him, standing near a cypress,  a man.  "George!" exclaimed  he.  And he hid his head in  his hands.  ���������'* * 4������ # ������ ������  Since eight o'clock in the morning,  Major Banis, uneasy at the prolonged absence of the general, made a tour  of the mountain with some Algerian  horse soldiers. Towards noon, tha  latter found in the deepest part of a  very steep ravine, Vergamier's body,  entirely mutilated by a horrible fall.  The soldiers thought that their general had been hurled down by some  Arab in ambuscade behind a hedge.  But Major Banis alone knew  that Etienne Vergamier had received  his   third   visit from   George.  the  aud  A German-American Sniper  Fritz had an Al sniper out who  called   over.  ''Hey!  You fellows keep your   heads down. I'm from the United  States, but have to shoot or be shot.  Any of you chaps know New York?"  We made no reply, it being strictly  againsP orders to do so". The sniper  continued:  "Who in II  are you, anyway?"  Our only reply was two or three  bomb.s, whieh had no effect, apparently, fi>t a minute or two later ho  .-alle!:  "It's no use wasting bombs, you  can't   get me!'   '  Then the N. C. O. in charge swore  at him in good, fluent and very vivid  Western   Canadian.  "Canadians, eh! Good luck, \)oys,  nnd keep down," was the German-  America a'-s last  word  for the day.  A lady of great beauty and attractiveness, who was an ardent admirer  of Ireland, once crowned her praise  of it at a party by saying:  "I think I was meant for an Irishwoman."  "Madam," rejoined a witty son of  Erin, who happened to be present,  "thousands would back me in saying  you were means for an Irishman." w-  m  THE WESTEKN  CALL  Friday, June 9, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY FRIDAY  . , XX   Pfthe'vX,  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Tear in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  P.ARTY POLITICS IN CIVIC  AFFAIRS  "I resent the inference of Mr.  Welsh that I am playing party  politics."  The above remark is published  in a daily paper as coming from  Mayor McBeath. The mayor will  have a good deal of "resenting" to do if he is going to resent every imputation that he is  playing party politics. The public is iiot only going to infer tbat  Mayor McBeath plays party'politics bu"! they are going to say  it not only of the present bat of  practically the whole of Mayor  McBeath's regime. There has  been more groundhog politics in  the city hall during the last four  months than there was in four  years before and Mayor McBeath may as well know what  the public are thinking of him  and his administration. Mayor  McBeath may have his eye on the  now discredited Liberal ticket or  he may be thinking of. a contest  with the present member for the  Dominion House later on. Whatever his idea may be it will be  well if he. will leave his politics  outside when he enters the mayoralty office and attend strictly to his civic duties.  PACIFISTS  AtfD  PACIFI-  i CATOBS  . Lyman Abbott, in The New  York Outlook, recurs to the interval between the election and  the installation of Abraham Lin  coin as President, to sh^w, on-the  one hand, the eyir effects 6f the  pacifist policy of President Buchanan during those four months,  and on the other, the. legitimate triumph of a gootl cause  when he who was entrusted with  its . maintenance believed ' iii it  and at once set about organizing  what was left of the nation for  war in its defence. While one  state after another was proclaiming its right to secede, Lincoln's  inauguration took place on the  fourth .of March, 18.61. On the  fourteenth of April Fort Sumter was bombarded and captured  by- the -revolting south. The- following day he issued a call for  seventy-five thousand volunteers  to form a National Army, and  then the war was on���������to last .till  April, l'S65, with the emancipation proclamation midway between these dates.  ' The pacifists of the north were  numeroiis and influential, and  they kept up with great persistence *their pressure on President  Lincoln to abandon the effort to  conquer the south, to recognize  its independence, and to disband  the National armies. With a resolution that was under the then  conditions heroic, a succession of  pronouncements that were apostolic, and a confidence in his  cause that was sublime, the Pre  sident resisted without resenting  all counsels of despair, all sug  gestions of expediency, all subtleties of legality. He took his  stand on " the maintenance of  the Union" on the broad ground  of humanity, and by winning out  he became in the end the real  "pacificator." In the words of  Dr. Abbott, "Horace Greeley was  a pacifist, the pacificators of  that" time were Abraham Lincoln and General Grant." It is  easy to comprehend and not difficult to endorse Dr. Abbott's application of this precedent to the  present situation in the United  States, when he says:  "I have lived through one terrible war fought against slavery  and secession, and have seen the  peace won by that war blessing  an emancipated ;and united people. I- 'expect tp see peace for  the world w.on,: as it was won  for my. own dear land, not by  compromise with wrong, but by  conquering it. I expect to see,  though perhaps not with mortal  eyes, the ..ocean untroubled by  undersea pirates, the air -undark-  ened by human birds of prey, and  Europe, emancipated from the  militarism she has created,  drawn together in a brotherhood  transcending race ,religion, and  nationality, and inspired by a  spirit of universal justice and  universal liberty."  A GREAT   TASK STILL  AHEAD  In a special message, King  George praises the magnificent  spirit which has led 5,041,000  men to enlist in Great Britain. It  is clear that the adoption of compulsion has been' necessary to  procure the enlistment of only  a small minority of able-bodied  men. As the King has said, no  other nation in history has ever  made anything like so splendid  a showing. The people of Great  Britain are superb.  Not only have they raised a  volunteer army of over 5,000,000  men. Not only are they in large  measure financing their allies  and furnishing them with a constant stream of munitions. Not  only have they taken over from  the valiant French armies from  100 to 200 miles of the trenches  opposed to Germany. Not only  has Great Britain done all this.  Most important of all, the British navy has kept German warships and merchant .vessels off  the seas ever since the war began, thus protecting the allied  coasts from attack and making  possible the regular movement of  troops, munitions, foodstuffs and  raw materials across thousands of  miles of water.  But in spite of all these herculean achievements the war is  nbt.being���������"won." ''iAtl.leas^we are  not gaining ground. As Dr. E.  J. Dillon says in The Fortnightly  Review, the enemy is still attacking, and attacking, violently,  at Verdun, in northern Italy, and  elsewhere. The Allies, as usual,  are on the defensive. Germany  and Austria are immune from the  hardships of ; foreign invasion.  The discomforts which the blockade is inflicting on, them are as  nothing, compared with these.  Belgium is German. The richest  departments of France are German. Serbia and XMoritentgro  are German. The mineral  wealthy the great metallurgicar  works and factories and artisans  of all these countries have been  lost to the allies, and this loss  has been doubled by their employment against us. And as we  have not contrived to keep, so we  have failed to recover them.  According; to Dr. Dillon, who  is one of the best-informed of  European corresponlents, the  Germans are still strong, much  stronger than is commonly assumed. The story of the melting  away of their reserves to 700,-  000 is a puerile fabrication. They  claim that they and their Austrian ally are turning out more  high explosives a week than the  allies and the United States combined. "It is a mischievous fallacy that time is on our side.  The Germans still have between  7,000,000 and 8,000,000 men to  draw from, and their qualitywill  be approximately equal to that  of the allies." This may be an  unduly pessimistic view, but it is  better to err on this side than  yield to an easy optimism. The  conflict is not yet won. The imperative need is still for all the  men and all the munitions that  Canada and the rest of the British empire and the allies can supply. There is a compelling call  for all that we have of earnest  purpose and self^saerifice. The  appeal is to every Canadian man  and woman. If human freedom is  to be saved for this and coming  generations we all must do our  part.  VANCOUVER HOSPITAL GRADUATES  RECEIVE HONORS-ROLL IS UNVEILED  An auspicious event in the*'annals of the Vancouver General  Hospital is being celebrated' this  week with the inauguration 'of  Commencement Week, when'the  graduating class of 1916 is be-  ing   feted. x  The most important happening  of the week was the convocation  ceremony held in the auditorium  of King Edward High School on  Wednesday evening presided  over by Mr. J. J. Banfield, when  medals and diplomas, and the  coveted gold medal were presented, and at which a large and enthusiastic audience gathered to  congratulate the nurses on the  successful culmination of the  work of years. 0  Dr. R. E. McKechnie's gold  medal "offered annually for general proficiency was carried-; off  by Miss Christina M. Mussed-  man, of Edmonton. The presentation was made by Dr. McEach-  ren, the superintendent of the  hospital, in the absence of Dr.  McKechnie, who is away in the  east.  A special prize in connection  with the new ear, eye and throat  ward, offered d^ Dr. Glenn Campbell, was, presented by Mr. J. J.  Banfield, chairman of the board'  of directors, to Miss Julia Miller Wilson, of London, England,  who had the honor, of being the  first to win the special prize with  100 marks.  Graduating Class .  The members of the graduating  class of 1916 to receive diplomas  were: The Misses Mamie ;F.  Brown, Margaret H. Murray,  Amelia G. Child, Muriel Matheson, Josephine B. Peters, Lewei-  la J. Stewart, Myrtle Sexsmith,  Janet R. Howe; Edith H. Wri^te,  Rhoda B. McGregor, Annie M.  Esselmont, Elizabeth Fuller, Lil-  lie Fogg, Rachel, Jlorson, Ed'^hi  A. Blair and Maude Bowser, .^II!  of Vancouver; the Misses Grace  I. Bruce, of Stephensfield, Maii.;  Rosa Rothwell, Oxford,, England;  Minnie F. McLennan, Green-  ridge, Man. ,��������� Mabel R. Baskin,  Montreal; Isabel M. Boultbee,  South Tawton, Okehampton, England,- Carrie M. Robson; New  Westminster; Emilie M. Brqwja,  South Bellingham, Wash.; Helen  M. Anderson, Moosejaw, Sask.;  Mabel H. Monk, Sperling, Man.;  Nettie Stirrup, London, England;  Lorraine Shantz, Edmonton; Julia Miller Wilson, London. England,:and_,Constanee .M-Hodgson,  of Hatzic, B. C. The medals were  presented. by Mrs. W. Murray,  president of the Women's Auxiliary to the Hospital, and the  diplomas by Mrs. J. H. Senkler.  Another interesting *' presentation was in the form of diplomas  to affiliated nurses, by Miss Andrews of Chemainus hospital;  this being the result of a\ new  rule passed by the board to the  effect that nurses from other hospitals might be received in affiliation upon serving one year in  the Vancouver General Hospital.  Two nurses, the Misses Edith  Forrest and Christina Mitchell,  of Chemainus hospital, were the  recipients of diplomas. -  A effective feature of the presentation was the bestowal of  sheaths of red and white ear-  nations tied with red and  white ribbon, on each graduate j  by Mrs. Buttle on behalf of thei  head nurses, which they carried  with them when they went to the  platform for their aAvards.  Bouquets of red roses from the  board of directors were presented to Mrs. W. Murray, Mrs. J.  H. Senkler, Miss Andrews and  Miss Snyder, vthe latter acting  lady superintendent to the hos-r  pital.  Florence Nightingale Pledge of  Nurses  Another feature introduced in  the graduating exercises was the  givina: of the  Florence  Niehtin-  i|!  gale pledge to the class by Rev.  Mr. Jackson, who also pronounc  ed the invocation, v X     ���������  The pledge which follows was  used for the first time and was  received by the nurses standing,  who, after hearing the pledge  and being asked by Mr. Jackson,  responded with one voice: "We  do."  "I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of  this assembly, to pass ray life in  purity and to practice my profession faithfully. I will abstain  from whatever is deleterious and  mischievous and will not take or  knowingly administer any harmful drug. I will do all' in my  power to elevate the standard of  my profession and will hold in  confidence all personal matters  committed to my keeping, and  all family affairs coming to my  knowledge in the practice of my  calling. With loyalty will I  endeavor to aid the physician in  his work and devote myself to  the . welfare of those committed  t.y my care."  Roll on Honor Enrolled  At the conclusion of the graduation exercises a roll of. honor  was unveiled by Lieut.-Col.  Milne, O. C. 158th Battalion, D.  C. O; R. of those nurses who  have gone from Vancouver for  service overseas. The names were  as follows: Misses A. Baker, E.  Craig, M. Fox. M. John, E. Charles (drowned in the Lusitania),  G. McCullough, J. McLennan,  A. Taylor, B. Winters, E. Boultbee, E. Edwards, M. Heeley, J.  Johnstone, A. Morris, M. Mc-  Lane, M. Quigley, E. Wade, A;  Bruce, E. Eveleigh, E. Hibbs, I.  Lord, E. Morrison, G. McLean,  M.  Rose and L. Whitwbrth.  Col. Milne said he felt sure  that those nurses on the honor  roll were just like those of the  hospital in Vancouver. Severa 1  men from his regiment had been  obliged to enter the hospital, and  all had paid tribute to the splendid >york so cheerily done by tin;  nurses; that it was an inspiration  to go through the hospital. Several in his battalion who were  going back to do a little more,  had sptfken of the cheery way?  in which the non-commissioned  officers in the trenches give the  orders, and lightly chaff when  the shells are flying around, and  that a number of D. S: O. medr  als had been won for that, as  much as for special bravery in  the field, and he felt that the  same bright"spirit'���������-"'wasXaiffong  the nurses, and if more were  needed he was sure the material  was there, and would be supplied. The horror of this terrible  conflict was that it was necessary to send the best of manhood and the best of womanhood, but it would continue to  be done until victory were won.  Mr.  Banfield, in his presiden-  )  tial address, spoke of the^yprogress the hospital had ".mfjle.  Twelve" years ago'the nursing  staff numbered 22/ fcs againstfJ^O  today. He also referred toXthe  appointment recently of Miss  Hodges, of. Montreal, as demon?  strator of nurses. The teaching  staff now, including a superintendent, assistant supernrtend-  ent and demonstrator; for the-in^  struction of nurses. The medical  men of the city also gave their  services in the instruction gratuitously.  He������������������ said there would be at  least 60 graduates next year, and  there would have been 31 this  year had it not been that one  of the class passed away a few  weeks ago, and he wished atthis  time to express sympathy, with  the parents.  The Shadow of the Flag  Referring to a soldier's idea of  the flag, Mr. Banfield said that,  pointing to the material, a soldier said: "This is not the flag  but the shadow. The flag is what  we make it," and he felt sure  the men fighting in the trenches  and'-.''the nurses tending the  wounded, were today making the  flag, and would be able to say:  "We, helped to make the flag  that stands for justice and liberty." He congratulated the  graduates on behalf of the board,  and wished them well in their  profession.  Addresses were also given by  Mr. Justice Macdonald, Mayor  McBeath and Mr. James McQueen. Mrs. D. B. Morkill, accompanied by Mrs. Arthur Ray,  sang two solos during the evening, both of which were encored.  A reception was afterwards  held in the  new Nurese' Home.  On the .platform were: Messrs.  J. J. Banfield, G. H. Cottrell, H:  T. Devine, executive of the board  of directors; C. H. Gatewooa,  chairman of house committee;  James McQueen, Mr. Justice  llIae^6naldv^Ma������or McBeath, JJrJ  A.; Gumming, Dri J. W. Ford,  Rev. Mr. Jackson, Mrs. William  Murray, Mrs; J; H. Senkler; representatives from sister hospi-  |&te, Miss Andrews, Chemainus  Il^sjpjtal; Dr. M. T. MacEachern,  general superintendent; Miss  Shyider, acting lady superintend-  :entXX.''-.       . i-   .  .������;;'>'  ELEVATOR REAP CHOSEN  According to news, received in  the city early this week\tjj$ie first  superintended ^j|^^  inioi^i^goyernnij|n^^a^lftbr at the  iooir^Qp.'^^bi^^^^i\^ .will be  Mrl|A; R. M^fidniicl, at present  on' a trip through the east studying grain handling methods. Mr.  McDonald was for 10 years as-  '" 'a !'  sistant manager of the Vancouver  Milling & Grain Company, arid  has been stationed at the Calgary branch of the eompany for  the past year.  CHINESE STUDENTS)  IN CANADA  Judging from t^e- recent re  ports ^several , Canadian^ unjj  versities a new era has dawne-l  upon the history of the Chine  student in Canada. Although  scores of Chinese students  yearly graduated from America  colleges, hitherto the Chined  student has been absent from  higher Canadian institutions. T{  Mr. Peter Hing, Law '12,, Mcj  Gill, remains the honor and dial  tinction of being the first Chin|  ese student to graduate from  Canadian university, while Miss]  Marjorie Hung, Arts '15, of the]  Toronto University, claims the]  honor of being the first Chinese  girl student graduate. This year's  report of McGill University  shows three Chinese students  ���������two men and one lady���������  in its lists. Miss Bertha Hosang  is the young lady and she has  successfully passed her third  year examination. Miss Hosang  formerly attended the local high  school and took two years in  Arts in McGill University in  Vancouver. '  Mr. George Yip Kew Sheun,  also of Vancouver, graduated  this year as Bachelor of Science  in. civil engineering. His preliminary education was received in  the schools of this city and later he took tw6 years' wotk in  Applied Scinece in British Columbia before, proceeding to Montreal. He is .the first Chinese st-o-  dent to graduate from a science  school inJ. Canada.  In ��������� the post-graduate school,  Mr. W; C. Chee obtained the  degree of Master of Science. He  received his early training in the  United States.. Mr. Chee gains  the distinction of, being 'the only  post-graduate work in a Canadian university.  The results published by the local provincial university also  show two Chinese students in its  lists, and^^hus considering; mat*  ters as a whole the Chinese student is beginning to study in  Canadian colleges. EffortsA are  being made by certain educational bodies ;to have the Canadian government remove the  $500 head tax on Chinese students entering the country. Present prospects show that there  is likely to be, in the near future,  a large influx of Chinese students into Canada for the purpose of studying in Canadian  universities:  Weather Report  Week ending June 6th:   . Rain  .34 inches; sunshine, 38 hours, 48  minutes;    highest     temperature,  66 on 3rd; lowest, 46th on 1st. .  Had Lots Left  Mistress (to newly engaged servant)���������"Mary, Lave you given the  goldfsh any fresh w.ater?" t  Maid: "No mum;, they haven't  drunk all   they've   got."  Cut out this coupon and mail it with your sub- , _.      __-       -  -  scription to J P's WEEKLY, 203 Kingsway, Vancou- I r\\A/pPl?lll  Subscription Rates: FEARLESS. INDEPENDENT  Twelve   Months     :  $200 CONSTRUCTIVE  Six   Months  $155    |  Three Months   $0.75 p*) EAD  The  Practical  Meas-  3_~*      '���������                '                             ~"     i IX      ures Page, which contains  To the Publishers J P's Weekly, Vancouver, B. C.   j sorbinglnSrlsHn^^elelop-  Enter my subscription for J P's Weekly for    ment and investment oppoXmi-  .... ..months. Enclosed herewith I send you $......     I 3ies of ������ur wonde'ful P'1���������'  ���������*                            [ Lovers of music wbo appreciate  in payment of same.                                                               "X impartial criticism will find with  [! .        ���������    '���������                                   i us   on the     page     devoted     to  j^ame       : " Pipe and Strings," many topics  *���������     ������������������   . j :. . in  common.   Under the  heading  . ,,                                                                                                        .    ; of "Books and "Writers" edited.  Address      j by 'Aimee,'   'a   friendly  review    . . ...... .; I of the latest in prose and poetry  ��������� is ably   dealt   with.     The   front  WE  SOLICIT   THE SERVICES OF, AND  PAY  A  LIBERAL page   by "Bruce"   will   always  COMMISSION TO ACTIVE SUBSCRIPTION AGENTS IN EV-     X *"*d maD7 friends and interested  ERY DISTRICT. readers.  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B.C.         -:- W. H. Carswell, Mgr. .,,-X -  Friday^ June 9,1916.  THE WE.STERN CALL  OU  e  '���������' n' -_^i i '-.  ".''..v. ;  SvX'::.^i:-X  ���������I-9II  s  A splendid variety of Summer Offerings are now being displayed.  Give the Progressive Merchants "On the Hill" the support they merit.  A trial will convince you of the low prices.   Do it now.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We .know this-WE'VE TRIED IT OtJT. You'll .know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THfi GOOD SHOPS on the .Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MONEY."  An Invitation to Mount  Pleasant Shoe Buyers  WE shall be pleased to sse you  for an inspection of our  stock consisting of sound sensible Shoes by the best makers  at reasonable prices. You can get  style and quality for the whole  family and save money, as we  sell for the smallest possible profit. A visit and a purchase will  convince you to become regular  customers, x  WOOD & SON  420 MAIN ST. (Opposite City Hall)  Ute of 2313 Main St  Mount Plea.sant Uvery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Pray.   Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Comer Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Cook at your table  with an  ELECTRIC GRILL STOVE  Special Price  During Electric Grill Stove Week Only*  JUNE 5th to 10th  $4.90  iC Salesrooms  and Leading Electrical Dealers.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  /v LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  _ o  A)  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  EABL KITCHENER'S  DEVOTION TO DUTY  Anecdotes collect round a great personage like flies around a sweetmeat;  and sometimes tne real nature and  appearance of the object of attraction is quite obscured by the swarm.  So many stories-of Lord Kitchener's  devotion to duty and his inability to  be moved by human frailties, are  current that he had come to be regarded a3 a man of a much more  grim character than is actually the  case.* ��������� .  He was generally thought to be a  soldier pure and simple, an unbending  disciplinarian,' and a ruthless advocate  of effieency. One hears stories of  how his most devoted A.D.C's. having  been disabled in his service, have  been dismissed and discarded without  a further thought; of how his men  have been worked until they, dropped;  and of how all gentler considerations  ���������as, for example, the ��������� domestic con-;  cerns of his officers���������have been treated by him with scorn. Thjis, in point  of fact is not altogether true;" and  Lord Kitchener was a great deal more  !'human" than he was usually sup-,  posed to be. X;  An Eager CollectorJA'JkA.Jj  It is not generally known that his  lordship was a man. of considerable intellectual and artistic attainments:  As the result of his being, as a young  man, for several years a member of-  the stafE of the Palestine ,.Explora-:  tion , Fund, under the auspices of  which body he conducted excavations'  and archaeogogical researches in the  Holy Land, antiquarian journals of  thirty and forty years ago contain  many papers written by him discussing with great earnestness ��������� the character of the Moabites or Amorites,  and demonstrating the verity, of Holy  Writ.. In recent years he had given  full play to these interests, and has  made a collection of antiquities which  were notable for their artstic and historical value. He. was constantly en-  full play to these interests, and had  gaged   in adding   to   this collection.  He was a very great authority on old  china, and had a trained eye ^or almost all works of are. He was a connoisseur of antique carpets, early  Christian paintings, ancient bronzes,  and~so"forthrv - ^- ^- ��������� ^"^ --=~--7=-  War and Carpets  It is said of him in Egypt that he  was much more concerned as to  whether his exquisite carpets would  fit the floors of Broome Hall than as  to all the military operations of the  world. '' I have had enough of soldiering," he often remarked, and it  is said that on one occasion he added that he did not wish to have anything further to do with military affairs.  One sometimes hears it said that  Lord Kitchener was devoid of a sense  of humor. That is very far from the  truth. Those who know him well,  and.have been* wth him when he was  off duty, generally found him. jovial  and fond of a jest.  During his tenure of office as commander-in-chief of the Egyptian army  the head pf a certain administration  in that country, an Englishman of  emiment respectability and of peculiarly unpreposessing appearance, was one  clay passing the barracks near Cairo  when he was smiled upon by a lady  with golden hair and languishing  eyes, who, not knowing him, had hoped that he might prove a profitable  acquaintance. Her advances were,  however, very much resented, and the  great man lost no time in writing an  angry report to Lord Kitchener, saying that it was disgraceful that such  things should be allowed to happen  at the very gates of the barracks.  Lord Kitehener, however, did not consider the complaint worth serious  attention, and returned the document  to the sender with the pencilled remark, "That fatal beauty of yours  again."  ���������' '-������������������'.  NERVOUS BREAKDOWN  AND "SHELL SHOCK"  A British surgeon, who has specially studied men invalided from  the front because of nervous breakdown, comes to the conclusion that  pure nervous shock and horror are in  many cases the sole cause of the  condition. There was no question of  cowardice involved, but rather unusual bravery in the . preliminary  weeks and months of fighting against  fear, produced by sights and'conditions no human being could look  upon day after day unmoved. The  sensitive and "highstrung" were,  of course, the principal \victims of  this form of disaster, but even the  comparatively stolid after some peculiarly terrible strain were occasionally found with nerves completely  shattered.  Another medical investigation of  unusual and general interest, because  fchis war has given the first chance  to make it in any exhaustive way,  has to do with what ' is known technically as ''shell-shock.'' A very, considerable number' of - soldiers have  bisen found, in or near trenches or  cither positions subjected to heavy  bombardment with the enormous-  sometimes unconscious, more often  \y ,' powerful, high-explosive shells,  sometimes unconscious, more , often  dead, upon whose bodies no external injury could be found. Life has  siipply been cut short, as though a  great extinguisher had been clapped  biver'' the victim. In the few cases  where autopsies have been made,  conditions found have been more or  less contradictory and- furnished very  little toward clearing up the mystery.  ��������� Another suTgeon who, has studied the  effects of high explosives on the nervous system, suggested several possible explanations of these causes .of  sudden death without visible injury.  The enormous pressures generated near  an explosion may cause. the air to  Strike a sort of general blow over  a large portion of the body, sufficient  to, stop the heart and respiration,  without leaving any physical marks on  the tissues themselves. On the other  hand, M. Arnoux was quoted to the  effect that the "decompression" produced by such an explosion might  cause a condition of exaggerated cais-  son" disease, just; the opposite "of that  due to direct pressure, quite sufficient  to cause death, from the sudden liberation of bubbles of air in the blood.  He calculated from the accidental  action of such an explosion noted on  an aneroid barometer that the pressures generated were in the neighborhood of eleven tons per square metre,  are accentuated and prolonged by a  sort of hysterical condition resulting  from the mental strain of service at  the front.  One queer case cited seems to indicate that shell-shock may produce a  condition somewhat closely resembling  somnabulism. The officer of a company that had "dug themselves in"  in a wood went into the road to see if  a convoy was coming. It was about  2 a.m. and quite dark. A large shell  came tearing in and burst near him.���������  not* near enough, apparently, to unhorse him. Tlie next thing he knew  it was half-past four, quite light, and  he was being helped off his horse by  two women in front, of a farmhouse.  The intervening two hours and a half  were a complete blank. He had no idea  what he had done or how he reached  the farmhouse. He had received some  sort of shock that submerged his higher consciousness and memory, but left  his other bodily machinery unharmed.  ���������The Canadian Pictorial.  LAWN   MOWERS  SHAEPENED RIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow .'���������_ ���������?  Grinding Company*  BROADWAY  WEST  A   choice   selection of   colored Tasel  Shapes.   Begular   $2.25   to   $3.50.  On Sale for $1.00  Friday and  Saturday  . also splendid values in stamped nightgowns  (new designs) to sell at 76c  Miss McLi  : iss JYi ciuenagnen  2410 Main Street  DODl  Experiment  With Rev  Chick Feeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED lus been  tried for years end produces flue  healthy chicks.   Blade   and sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry/ Supplies, Pigeon Feed, .Canary  Seed,   Etc. ������  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  '    Phone Fraser  175  Cdlliiigwood,'   280   Joyce Street  Phone;   Collingwood   153  Some  PeopL  Have  Not  Yet  Tried  PIKE'S  FINE  TEAS  If yoa bring this ad. you can have  a free   sample  .at  S18 BROADWAY E. (Next Dairy)  Phone Fair.  1367  \  FAIRMONT RENOVATORY  Fair.    172  753    B'way    B.  Ladies'   and  Men's  Suits   Sponged   and   Pressed ........50c  Sponge    Cleaning   and   Pressing   75c  French. Pry   or   Steam Cleaning   and  (Cor. Tenth Avenue and Quebec)  Commencing Sunday Morning, June 11, at 11 o'clock.  Conducted 1>ythex X-:-  ROY EVANGPUST IOPUHGPON  BEPJW f \ANKEY  lJUNYAN'S TOWN I UOUSA  F-:'        ENGLAND X,"  ENGUNP  /  Charles Forbes Taylor  AGEP  10  The "Billy Sunday" Hymn Book will be used.     Great  chorus led by boy.  Great Mass Meeting, Sunday, June 18, at 3.30.  To Catch Fish  TRY A WESTERN CALL AD. Phone Fair. 1140  After fishing for about three hours  and not getting even a v bite Mac-  Spindle grew disgusted, and determined to give it up. Just before he drew  the lines in a small urchin came along  with an old stick, a piece of string,  and a bent pinn. "Hullo, my boy!"  said MacSpindle. "Going fishing?"  "No," replied the urchin, looking  disdainfully at the unsuccessful one.  "I'm** going  to catch   some   fish!"  Undoing the Deed  Since there -were not enough chaplains to go round, Coloned K. P. Abel,  of the 6th Landshires, decided the  other Sunday morning that he would  head the church service himself. He  did it with vigor and completeness,  and concluded a spirited performance    quite    to   his   own    satisfaction.  But a well-informed subaltern whispered that he had exceeded his prerogative in one particular, since he  had pronounced the Absolution, which  only  the  chaplain was  entitled to  do.  The G. I. considered for a moment. Then his brow cleared. "Company!" he said, "I've made a mistake. I shouldn't have pronounced  the Absolution. As you were! Dismiss!"  Who's Taylor? ������2i5i."*  The Mount Pleasant Picture Framer  Home Journals Pictures framed from 75c; Battalion Photos  from 95c. Over 1000 assorted picture postcards to choose  from.    Postcard Frames from 10 cents.  A "SUMBIIK OF UNCLAIMED PICTURES AT LOW PIJICES.     ���������  Come in and look  around.  Moltke's Feet of Clay  Many military heroes of all the warring nations have suffered severely in  reputation under the acid test of war,  but the greatest fall of all was that  of Count Hellmuth von Moltke, Field  Marshal of the German army, who  held the supreme command of the  united forces of the Empire when  hostilities began. It did not take  long to discover that the large feet  of this idol were of clay, and, from  the lordly position of , chief of the  general staff General von Moltke was  soon reduced to- a position where his  influence was practically nil. Count  von Moltke was the favorite nephew  of the great Field Marshal von Moltke,  the German iiero of the Franco-Prussian war. His father was a younger  brother of the famous warrior, and  was chamberlain to the Danish monarch,   the   von   Moltke   clan   being of  Danish descent. In the war of 1870  Hellmuth was a sub-lieutenant and  by his bravery won the iron cross.  His rise in the army was very slow,  and from 1S82 to 1891, while adjutant  to his celebrated uncle, he advanced  Gnly to the rank of major. When old'  von Moltke died the Kaiser appointed  Count Hellmuth a .member of his personal suite. His accomplishments, especially as a museian, appealed to the  Kaiser, and after that he was advanced rapidly,._, eventully becoming the  supreme leader of the Kaiser's great  military machine. It is said that  Count von Moltke hesitated to accept this appointment, repeatedly declaring hs unworthiness, but Wilhelm  forced his acceptance of the high  post. Count, von Moltke is among the  tallest men in the Germany, standing almost seven feet in his hosiery.  But his height today is only physical.  -���������Winnipeg Tribune. X6  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, June 9, 1916.  s  It will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this .page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  CREAMS,  JELLIES AND LIGHT DESSERTS  Vanilla Ice-Cream  Two quarts of pure cream, fourteen ounces  of white sugar, flavored with vanilla bean or extract of vanilla to taste; mix well, and freeze as  directed above. Pure cream needs no thickening or boiling. Milk may be boiled or thickened with arrow-root or cornstarch, but it will not  produce ice cream.  ��������� *    *    *  Lemon Ice-Cream  For the same quantity of cream and sugar,  as above, stir in the juice of from four to eight  lemons, according to size and juiciness, and grate  in a little of the rind.   Then freeze as above.  ��������� ���������    *    *  ~    ""      Orange Ice-Cream  Proceed  as in  lemon  cream, using  oranges,  and  regulating the  quantity  of sugar, as  the  fruit is  more  or less  sweet.  *���������>**���������  Chocolate Ice-Cream..  For one gallon of ice-cream, grate* fine about  one-half cake  of Baker's  chocolate;  make  icecream as for the recipe above; flavor lightly with  vanilla and stir in,the chocolate.  * *   #   *  Strawberry. Ice-Cream  Mash one pint of fresh, ripe strawberries;  sprinkle them with half a pound of fine sugar;  let it stand about an hour; strain through a fine  sieve, or a cloth; if the sugar is not dissolved,  stir it well;. add a little water; stir this juice  into a cream prepared as above and freeze.  S*   *   *���������   .#  x Raspberry Ice-Cream  Make the same as strawberry, substituting'  the   raspberries, merely. A/    ���������  * * - ,*   *   .  Peach Ice-Cream  Take fine, ripe freestone peaches; pare, chop  fine, mash, and work as for strawberry cream.  ���������    -     .  /  Pineapple Ice-Cream  Pare the fruit, shred fine, and work as in  strawberry cream.  ��������� *-*.*..**  Orange Water-Ice v  Take one dozen oranges; grate the skin and  squeeze out the juice j add six quarts of water  and ten ounees of white sugar to each quart of  water; mix well and put into the freezer. Be  careful to stir steadily while; freezing, or the  mixture will cake into lumps! The amount of  sugar and of. orange-juice may be varied to suit  " taste.  / #*������.#���������-*  Lemon Water-Ice  To one quart of water, add the juice of four  lemons and one pound of sugar.   Then-proceed  as   above.   Currants,  raspberries,   strawberries,  and all the juicy fruits may be treated in the  same way.  ��������� *���������.   #   *  Tntti Frutti  One quart of rich cream, one and one-half  ounces of sweet almonds, chdpped fine; one-half  pound of sugar; freeze, and when sufficiently  congealed? ��������� add one-half pound of preserved  fruits, with a few white raisins chopped, and  X finely sliced citron. Cut the fruit small, and  mix well with the cream. Freeze like ice-cream,  and keep on ice until required.  Frozen Fruits  Take two quarts of rich cream and two tea-  cupfuls of sugar, mix well together and put into  a freezer with ice and salt packed around it.  Have ready one quart of peaches mashed and  sweetened. , When the cream is very cold, stir  ihem in and freeze all together. Strawberries  can be used in the same way, but will require  more sugar.    Cherries are specially delightful in  this form.  .##*���������.*  Whipped   Cream  To one quart of cream whipped very thick,  add powdered sugar to taste; then add.one tumbler of wine.   Make just before usingN  #   #   #    ���������     '  Italian Cream  '('��������� Divide   two pints of  cream   equally   in two  bowls; with one bowl mix six ounces of powdered sugar, the juice of two large lemons, and two  glassfuls of white wine; then add the other pint  of cream, and stir the whole very hardf; boil two  ounces  of isinglass with four small  teacupfuls  of water till reduced one-half ;��������� then stir the isinglass,  lukewarm, ' in   the other  ingredients;   put  D them in a glass dish to harden.  ��������� *"#***  Syllabub  Whip a small cupful of powdered sugar into  a quart of rich cream, and another cupful of sugar into the whites of. four eggs. Mix these together, and add a glass of white wine and flavoring to  taste.  .*#���������*������  Spanish Cream  Three half-pints of milk, half a box of gelatine, five tablespoonfuls of white sugar, three  eggs, and two teaspoonfuls of vanilla. Soak the  gelatine in cold milk; put on to boil; when  boiling, add the yelks of the eggs with the sugar and flavoring extract beaten together. When  it thickens to the consistency of cream, or after  about three minutes' boiling, take off the fire,  and stir in the whites of the eggs well beaten.  Pour into molds, and set aside to cool. To be  eaten cold, with or without cream.  *****  Tapioca Cream  Soak half a cupful of tapioca in water over  night. Let a quart of milk\ get steaming hot,  and add to it the tapioca. Let it boil three minutes, then mix five tablespoonfuls of white su  gar with the yolks of. four eggs! stir them into  the milk and tapioca, and let it come to-a boil,  again. Beat the whites up stiff; stir them rapidly and thoroughly through the boiling tapioca ;, and let it. come to a boil again. Beat the  whites up stiff; stir them rapidly and thoroughly through the boiling tapioca; add two table-,  spoonfuls of wine and a pinch of salt. Let it  stand till cold and garnish with macaroons.  *������������������*,.  Orange Cream  Put half a box of gelatine to soak for half  an hour in cold water enough to cover it. Take  three half-pints of cream, whip half of it, and  heat the other half; dissolve the gelatine in the  heated cream; then strain it, and return to the  boiler again. Take the yolks of five eggs and  a cupful of sugar; beat them together till light,'  and add to the boiling cream; cook about two  minutes, stirring constantly; take from the fire,  and while it cooks, stir in the whipped cream  and the juice of four oranges, and pour into a  mold to stiffen. Stir the cream constantly before putting into the mold, to prevent it from  thickening in lumps.  * *   *   *  Pink Cream  Three gills of strawberry or currant juice;  mix with one-half, pound of powdered sugar, one-  half pint of thick cream; whisk until well mixed; serve in a glass dish.  \. #*.*.*'  Chocolate Bavarian Cream  Whip one pint of cream to a stiff froth, laying  it on a sieve; boil a pint of rich milk with a.  vanilla bean and tw*o tablespoonfuls of sugar until it is well flavored; then take it off the fire  and add half a box of gelatine, soaked for., an  hour in half a cupful of water in a warm place  near the-range; when slightly cooled, add two  tablets of Baker's chocolate, soaked and smoothed.   Stir in the eggs well-beaten.     When it has  become quite cold and begins-to thicken, stir it  without ceasing a few minutes, until it is very  smooth; then stir in .the whipped cream lightly  until it is  well mixed.   Put it into a  mold  or  molds, and set it oh ice or in a cool place.  ***���������*���������'  ..'������������������* Wine Jelly  &One box of Coxe's gelatine dissolved in one  pint of^ cold water, one pint of wine, one quart  of boiling water, two cupfuls of. granulated sugar, and three lemons. Cool in molds.  . \ . * X*   :* *  *    ������X >.   ; !  Wiwa Jelly No. 2.  Soak one package of sparkling gelatine in a  large cupful of cold water. Add to this all the  juice and half the rind of a lemon, two cupfuls  of white sugar, and a half teaspoonful of bitter  almond or two peach leaves, and cover for half  an hour; then pour on boiling water, stir and  strain. After adding two cupfuls of pale sherry  or white wifte, strain again through a flannel  bag. Wet a mold and set it in a cold place until the next day.  * *   *   * \  __   Jelly Oranges  Soak a package of gelatine about three hours  in a cup of cold water. Cut^from the top of  each of. a dozen fine oranges a round piece, leaving a hole just large enough to admit the bowl  of a small spoon or the handle of a larger. The  smaller the orifice, the better your dish will  .look. ^Clean^out every bit-of-the pulp very-care-^  fully, so as not to tear the edges of the hole.  Scrape. the inner skin froni the sides with your  fore-finger, and when the oranges are emptied  lay them in cold water while you make the jelly.  Strain the juice of all and grated peel of three  of the oranges through coarse, thin muslin over  three cupfuls of sugar_squeezing rather hard to  get the coloring matter. Stir this until it is a  thick syrup, and add a quarter teaspoonful of  cinnamon. Pour two cupfuls of boiling water  upon the soaked gelatine, and stir over the fire  until well dissolved; add the juice and sugar,  stir all together, and strain through a flannel  bag into a pitcher, not shaking or squeezing it,  lest it should become cloudy. , Wipe off the outside of the oranges, set them close together in a  dish, the open ends uppermost, and fill very full  with the warm jelly, as it will shrink in cooling.  Set it away in a cold place where there is no  dust. Next day cut each in half with a shatp  knife, taking care to sever the skin all around  before cutting into the jelly. If. neatly divided,  the rich amber jelly will be a fair counterfeit of  the orange pulp. Pile in a glass dish, with  green leaves around, as you would the real  fruit. This is a delicious dish, and it is highly  ornamental on the table.  #������������������*#������������������'.  Peach Jelly  Proceed as in apple jelly, using peaches, with  a few peach-kernels broken up and boiled with  the fruit. ,      '        ..  **-���������**  Apple Jelly  Soak half a package of gelatine in one cupful  of cold water. Pare, core, and slice a dozen  well-flavored pippins, throwing each piece into  cold water, enough to cover them; cover the jar  loosely that the steam may escape; set in a pot  of warm water and bring to a boil. Cook until ���������  the apples are broken into .pieces. Have ready  in a bowl the soaked gelatine, two cupfuls of  powdered sugar, the juice of two lemons, and  the grated peel of one. Strain the apple pulp  scalding hot over them; stir until the gelatine  is dissolved; strain again through a flannel bag,  without shaking or squeezing it wet a mold with  cold water, fill it, and set in a cold place until  firm. Thi3 preparation is greatly improved if  formed in a "mold with a cylinder in the centre,  the cavity being filled and heaped with whipped  cream or syllabub.  ARTEMIS, THE DOG HERO  Artemis is, the name of the most  famous of all the war dogs in France.  His picture is in Households throughout the country and his name and his-  tory( are on the tongue of every  French child. So the news that Artemis has just been invalided back  from the front is an item of national  importance. It is with relief that the  public has   learned" that   he   can   be  made  fit for further duty.  * ��������� ��������� -   ������������������'������������������' f-  Of all the services rendered by dumb  animals since the beginning of . the  war, those of Artemis ought to take  first place. No dumb animal, besides, has been so conspicuously honored in a military way and none conceivably" could show greater appreciation of the recognition accorded to his  services.  Artemis, from the point of heredity, is a rather complex -creature.  Danish in his powerful frame, be obviously is related to the French mountain sheep dog, by his gray coat  touched, with brown. But he is truly  Parisian, having been born in the outskirts of the city, and is familiar  with its principal thoroughfares.  When the war began Artemis was  five years old. His master, Mr. Jules  Beloch Bloch, a trainer at Auvers, was  called to the colors. "His^ faithful companion went with him.  ' Saved  Detachment  After many 'struggles, and many  difficult forced marches,\ they ultimately were established on the banks  of the Yser. Artemis from the beginning of the campaign had gained renown for his exceptional scent and his  extraordinary sense of hearing, which  proved of the greatest service in reconnaissance work in which he frequently took part.  The Ninety-fourth regiment of the  line demanded his services and he was  appointed for scouting and liaison  duty.  One foggy night in November, 1914,  when the German lines showed a disturbing activity, the French soldiers  resolved to anticipate them by making  an attack. A section of the Ninety-  fourth regiment which had gone out  on scouting work found itself suddenly surrounded by the Germans and cut  off from the rest- of the regiment,  which risked a surprise r attack.  The lieutenant in charge, of the  scouts attached to the dog's neck  a note announcing the danger and asking for -reinforcements. The brave dog  silently slipped through the enemy  troops which were drawn up in formation behind the French detachment.  Despite the treacherous darkness  and the heavy rifle fire, he succeeded in reaching the main body of the  regiment. ,. The alarm being given,  the danger was avoided, and the  patrol party was relieved. Artemis  came through the ordeal with only a  wound in the ear.  Attacked German  Artemis remained all winter, in the  trying region of Ypres, where his services as liaison and patrol dog proved  very valuable. In the month of April he was intrusted to Captain P. and  the Petit Parisien describes an episode  in which Artemis saved his new master's life. /  During an* attack, the captain, being threatened by two Germans who  were particularly determined, killed  one of,, them and thought he had disposed of the other. The latter, however, arose to attack him as the officer passed, and was .about to deal a.  mortal blow from behind when Artemis sprang at him, seized him by the  throat and strangled him.  THE CZAR'S BIRTHDAY  Mr. Hamilton Fyfe, the English  journalist representing the London  Daily Chronicle in Bussia, writes as  follows of the Czar, who has just  celebrated his birthday:  In spite of his years and his two  decades of reigning, there is still in  the Czar's manner a touch of shyness.  He shows no sign of fear or suspicion. I recollect that the first time  I saw him at close quarters���������it was  at Keval, where he met King Edward in 1908���������1 was surprised by.^his  jolly  smiling,  care-free  expression.  His shyness is soon rubbed off by  intimacy. "When he likes people he is  frank and natural with them. One  whom he likes very much spoke to  him lately about being photographed  and "kinematographed" with his soldiers. The Czar hqd related some incident that occurred during a visit to  a Siberian regiment. "What a pity,"  said the friend, "that there was no  camera there-"  "But I do so dislike advertising  myself,"  the Czar pleaded.  The friend insisted, however, on the  advantages of making a sovereign's  personality familiar to his people.  A few days afterwards the Emperor, sitting down to dinner, with a  twinkling eye, said to his advisor,  "I've been doing some good advertising today. About two thousand feet  of film, I should think." ,  The Emperor is not a genius, hot  a despot, not a double-dealer by intention, but a ruler simple, straightforward, sincere. Each of these qualities contributes in equal measure to  the efficacy of his present resolve that  Germany and her dupes must be  soundly beaten before the war can  end. He does not often speak of this  resolve. When he does his words carry conviction. Once more I will quote  Witte, who said: "He will not fight  until he is forced, probably until the  enemy cross the frontier. But when  he does begin he will never leave  off."  is the Time  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competi-  signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to*day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  is  Ineffective.  Youf Fruiting should  bring this to your cus-  tomers' attention not  only in connectioir  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140       203 KINGSWAY Friday, June 9,1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H. STEVENS DELIVERS STIRRING  PATRIOTIC ADDRESS IN GRANDVIEW  Appealing to his hearers to refrain from petty criticism of the  Readers of the country who are  it the helm of the nation in the  [greatest   struggle   of Ker existence, Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P.,  lelivered a stirring patriotic address   ; before    members   of'^the  [Ward VI.  Conservative Association   in their   new   quarters   on  [Commercial Drive    on    Monday  J night.   Although     the    member  was expected to discuss the political   situation^   he   talked   very  | little politics,   stating   that     on  account   of   the    great    events  which had transpired within the  past few. days he felt that all other things   passed into   insignificance and that it was rather a  time to think of matters of national importance than the smaller things of political life.  "We. always have been proud  of our navy,' ** stated Mr. Stevens,  in referring to the recent victory on the coast of Jutland,  "and we are proud of it today.  Coming from navy stock myself,  I feel that the blood of these  gallant seamen which mingled  with the salt water in that great  fight flows in my own veins." He  also stated that his great grandfather was a captain in Lord  Nelson's fleet.  Shark Did Her Duty  He then referred to the feeling  \ of the na'tion upon hearing the  first reports of the battle. "If  there is anything," he said,  which makes a Britisher's grip  hold tighter it is a momentary  defeat." He referred to the heroism of, the commander and crew;  of the torpedo-boat "Shark,"  which pbiyed such a glorious part  in the victory. '' The Shark,'' he  said,"had a duty to perform,  and she did it well. Her crew  cheerfully sacrificed their liveS  to do their duty. They knew  when they went in there-to take  the brunt of the German fire  not a man of them would come  back. . Yet they, upheld the old  British traditions and rushed into the jaws of death." The  speaker then went back to the  days when Sir Richard Grenville  defied the whole Spanish navy  and went down with his ship.  "That same spirit is manifest in  our sailors today," he said, "aud  in days to come our children  will look back on the brave  , deeds jwhich, are .being: performed  today as we look back upon the  days of Lord Nelson.  **' Although up to A week ago  we had not heard much of our  fleet for the past 22 months that  that as  fleet has been performing the  functions for which it was intended. It has put the stranglehold on German imports, and  kept her navy at its base: Yet  we cannot refrain from wishing  that Admiral Jellicoe would give  just one ^more twist to that  stranglehold."  lie stated that the Germans  had defied all laws of civilization  and had set up a law fo:-* themselves. There comes a time, he  said, when we want to be a little more rigorous with a dishonorable enemy���������for Germany has  not acted honorably.  "Are not we all proud," stated Mr. Stevens, directing his attention to the fighting in Flanders, "that the Canadians have  again been the objective of the  German attacks ? Again our brave  boys have made good, as they  did a year ago, but our casualty  list will be large." He then referred feelingly to the death of  Col. Harry Baker, with whom^at  one time he sat side by side in  the House. He also deplored the  fact that General Williams, who  was in Vancouver some two years  ago, was among the missing.  " It is when we see such names,  as these," Mr. Stevens stated,  "on our casualty lists that the  awfulness of this. war is brought  home to us. These men are laying down their lives for you, for  me, and for their country/' He  stated that recently he had received a letter from Colonel Vic-  tor Odium, who had three times  been wounded, but who stated  that his only desire was to do  his duty.  Wants to Paralyze Business  Touching ������ upon provincial' affairs, Mr. Stevehs referred to the  action of Mr. Brewster, "who  by a strategic move in the courts^  attempted to paralyze the business of. the whole cpuntry. What  he doing this for ?'' asked the  speaker. "Is it to stop the Huns  from invading the country ? Is  it to set,free some down-trodden nation? Nd. It is for spite,  common, ordinary, _ barnyard  spite. Either that or an overwhelming desire to get into office. It makes my heart sick  when I look across the waters  and see what our men are doing  for us and then to see the tactics  which are being employed in this  province^__ ______ ____. X ��������� __,_���������,_____,__.-_.  "Give us facts," he stated, referring to Dominion affairs,"and  no body of men is so willing to  drive the1 guilty parties out of  office  a������ the Conservative party.  When Premier Borden investigated the conduct of two members  last winter, he said, 'Get out���������  you and you. As far as I am  concerned as leader of this party  I will have ^oiie of you���������get  out.X X'  'A      ";.-."  "I am proud of the people of  British Columbia���������with the exception of a few," he continued.  "I mean the electorate when I  say I am proud. There is no place  in Canada where there is a' more  wholesome class of people. I am  proud to say that when the Liberals employed^men to do their  dirty work in the last by-election  they had to go to Seattle to get  them. They could find none in  British Columbia who would do  Jt. There is less corruption 4n  British Columbia than in any other province in Canada. The  electorate must be kept clean at  any cost, and if I were aware  of a member of. the Conservative  party giving money to anyone  for fraudulent election purposes  I would'at once take steps to  have him run out of the party.  Took tbe Money  "If Mr. Brewster were convinced that on March 14 the session should close, he had a responsibility. He sat in the House  through the entire session, took  part in the ^discussion which he  declared illegal, recorded his vote  many times, and finally drew his  indemnity of $1,600 and then  drew $1,500 as the Liberal leader's indemnity, making in all' $3,-  100. Then,, when? things are all  over, he goes* to the courts and  says that the session was null and  void. I say Mr. Brewster's  sense of duty must have been distorted by the poor counsel he  received, or from that overwean-  ing desire to get a slap at his  opponents and get into power.  Matters   which have   transpired  great difficulty would be encountered when it was proposed to  put these soldiers oh the land.  Many of them, he said, did not  want to go on the land. Many  of them who had followed one  vocation would have their viewpoint changed since they had  been up against the real thing,  and they had a right to demand  that "they be allowed to work out  their life  from  this  new  view-  ��������� *j ,���������      ���������  point. Commissioners were  grappling v with the question and  something would be done to aid  the soldier when the war was  over.  Ministers Are, Honest  In closing his address Mr. Stevens appealed to his hearers to  refrain from adverse criticism of  the men Who were doing their  duty by the Empire. "Our  duty," he said, "is to keep our  army at the front efficient and  not' to hamper those who are  carrying out the work. Premier  Borden is carrying a greater  load than any other man in Canada ever has and anything which  adds to his burden reduces his  capabilities. The same thing ..applies to Sir Sam Hughes and to  the Minister of Finance. I deplore the useless criticisms that  are levelled at the Premier and  Minister of Militia. Not a single  dollar has been spent improperly.  We must expect blunders. v Sir  Sam has made blunders; we all  do; but of one thing I am sure,  and that is he is honest and doing his duty. Let us give our  leaders support and be loyal.''  Included in the routine bus^  ness of the meeting was a,,' resolution which was passed expressing the sympathy of the club in  the movement of the retail clerks  in the efforts to secure the Saturday half-holiday.^ was also decided to get in touch with the  within the past few days havetladi.es of-Ward VI with* view to  "Pride of the West"  ������������������' BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money.-"  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 336.  ��������� **'    "^ ���������   .. -..  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  led many to question Mr. Brew  ster's sincerity."  War Taxes Necessary  Mr. Stevens then took up the  question of the war tax, stating  that the cost of maintaining the  Canadian army at the front was  very great. Canada has 320,000  men in uniform a month ago, and  Canada was herself supplying  the sinews for every man at the  front, which was a credit to the  Dominion. The sum of $300,000,-  000 would be required this year.  Last year Canada had done  splendidly. The" money for these  purposes was being raised by the  stamp tax which amounted to  over $5,000,000 last year; receipts, bills^of^extehange.^railway  tickets, pullman tickets,, taxes,  etc. No one hadc suffered any  great loss. The bank taxes had  amounted to $1,500,000 last year.  This year, he explained, one of  the most revolutionary steps ever  taken in Canada would be proceeded with. He referred to the  proposed tax on all corporations  with $50,000 capital or over. After declaring a dividend of seven  per cent, these corporations would  be required to pay to the govern-  25 per cent, of the erktra  profits. He further explained  the new system of taxation,  stating that it was a reasonable tax and that the  majority of business houses  were willing to fall in with it.  He mentioned incidentally that  one concern in Vancouver would  be required to contribute $500;-  000, which showed that Vancouver Avas far from being dead yet.  He explained that private companies which were not incorporated would not be required to  pay the 25 per cent, on profits  until a 10 per cent, dividend had  been declared. He also stated  that a distinction would be made  in the case of mining concerns  where there would be an allowance which would take the form  of a- sinking fund.  Mr. Stevens' last subject of  discussion was that of returned  soldiers. He pointed out \hat al-  asking them to form a ladies'  ward Conservative cluh. In this  connection the-secretary was instructed to interview Mrs. Ji J  Miller, who will be asked to  form the association and make  arrangements for the initial  meeting. At the close of the  meeting Mr. Stevens was accorded a hearty vote of thanks for  his address  MONEY OF WTTUB USE       _  TO msoNE&S OF W-AJt  ^ A returned; prisoner of war refers to the comfort obtained by  the prisoners from the parcels in  the following statement:  ���������"Money is of little help-to-our  countrymen interned in Germany. Butter, ham, bacon, mar  gerine, jam, etc., are all at prices that verge on the fabulous,  and the men are thus more and  more dependent on parcels from  home. No fear need be entertained that prisoners do not get  parcels; so far they are quite  safe, and the American author!  ties (whom God bless for all that  they have done for the prisoners), are on the alert. I cannot,  therefore, too earnestly urge any  one who has a relative in the  hands of these people to send  him at least one parcel a week  with butter (or margerine),  lard, condensed milk, cheese, biscuits and cocoa. As food gets  scarcer, the accursed Englishmen  will be made to suffer first, and  if parcels should not get through  they will be left to starve slowly  In many eases the Germans are  now so short of men that- they  are bribing, or trying to bribe,  the prisoners to. work for them,  offering more and better food;  this~most of the prisoners are refusing to do, as they feel that it  would be helping the enemy and  might prplong the Avar.  On the '' acknowledgment''  cards sent by prisoners much pathos is xmeonseiously expressed  Here is a characteristic one: "I've  been receiving parcels from you  to Corporal :���������, who has had  share the parcels. May I ask  you to continue to Send them to  me, as I find myself rather poorly  off for parcels from home. My  father died last July, so I expect mother has all she can do  to manage for herself." Another typical of many: "This is  to thank you for the parcel of  food so kindly sent me. I cannot in words express my deep  sense of gratitude. If you could  see the pleasure with which your  parcels are received you would  be amply repaid." Thousands-of  British prisoners are now in German and Austrian camps; "and  these men exist in the most  wretched conditions, and need  food to keep them alive, ready  for the day when freedom comes.  The Prisoners of War Committee has explained many times  that. the money collected each  week is cabled (free of charge)  the same week to England, in order that ;weekly parcels may be  sent off to the men, and the food  leaves there immediately, and  still many people think that a few  days or a week, or even a month,  does not make any difference,1  for if money does nptgo to England the parcels cannot go to the  men, and surely it is "a great  pleasure to feel that one may  give something, little or much,  and know that in a day or two  it will be on its way in a parcel  of food, to the prisoners in Germany. 'X  The Western Call is delivered  to your home weekly for $1.00  per year.   Subscribe to-day.  CONSERVATIVE ASS'N.  ���������a  Mr. J. B, Williamson, hon. secretary of the Provincial Conservative Association, who has occupied that position since December 10, 1909, has resigned, and  Mr. W. N. Carty has been appointed in his place, Mr. D. E.  McKenzie, of New Westminster,  succeeding the latter as treasurer. Mr. Williamson is leaving  for the east at the end of the  week, after a residence in ..Vancouver of 23 years, and expects  to make his home in Toronto.  C.P.R. SUMMER SCHEDULE  The C. P. R. summer timetable  for the trains east from Vancouver went into effect on Monday.  The No. 1 trans-continental will  arrive two hours earlier, at 8  o'clock in the morning hereafter during the summer; No. 3  arrives at 9.15 p.m.-; and No. 13  arrives at 9.25 a.m. The tobal  from Agassiz arrives at 10.40 a.  m., and the Mission local arrives  at 6.20 p.m. The new times of  departure are: No. 2, 8.30. p.m.;  No. 4, 8.25 a.m.; No: 14, 2.30  p.m'.; Agassiz local, 6 p.m.; and  the Mission local, 6 a.m.  Phoni Seymour 9086  SOMETHINGF YOU NEED  For   the   Safety ~>f Tour Valuables and Documents  A PRIVATE BOX  in mpr  Safety-Vault  .���������'������������������.' ^|_L50 'Per Annum  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St  W.  Ottawa, "Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitor*  Clive Pringle. N. O. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitor., Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Cittxen Building, Ottawa.  ��������� \  IN THE MATTER OF THE "BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES   ACT"  and  IN THE   MATTER   OF   THE   FIREMEN'S   BENEFIT   ASSOCIATION  OF  VANCOUVER, B. C.  NOTICE IS HEREBY- GIVEN that  the above-named Society intend to alter its objects as contained in its Declaration of Incorporation by substituting therefor the following objects,  viz.:  "For making provision by means of  contributions, subscriptions, assessments, donations or otherwise against  any one or more of  the following:  (a) Sickness, accident, unavoidable  misfortune -or- death of-its-members;���������  (b) For pensioning its members or  relieving widows and orphan children of members deceased;  (c) For giving such financial or  other assistance to its members or to  their families or dependents, or to any  benevolent or provident purpose as the  Society may from time to time by its  by-laws_ determine.''  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE  that a special meeting of the Society  will be held at Firehall No. 2, 754  Seymour Street, Vancouver, B. C, at  the hour of 2.30 o'clock in the after-,  noon on the 18th day of July, 1916,  to determine the action to be taken  in   this   regard.  DATED at Vancouver, B. &, this  second  day of June,  1916.  HUGH  STEEN,  JOHN A. PAUL,  THOS.    BOTTERELL.  Trustees of the above named Association.  synopsis op coax. imnHe  BEOUI^*nON������  Coal mining rights of the Pernio.  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant. \ *  Application for a lease must bo  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the 'merchantable-output of the - mine -at the -  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a year.  The lease will include the eoal mining rights only/ rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June, 1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister' of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for  ���������83575. I .  though individuals could at least j-the good luck to be' sent home  give preference to returned sol- j with the last lot of Eed Cross  diers   in   giving   employment,, a men.   "We were pals and used to  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal" Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  -v t-^M&y*.  As.  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, June 9, 1916.  The secretaries of all Clubs  and Associations (whether social, religious or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication.  To Act as Judge  Chairman Rowling and Secretary McSwann of the industrial  committee have been instructed  to endeavor to obtain the services of provincial botanist Davidson and Prof. Klink, of the agricultural department of the university, to act as judges in the  South Vancouver Home Garden  competition, and award the prizes.  Storekeepers  Are Careless  Several complaints having  been received by the police department of petty thefts from  stores in the municipality, a special watch was kept on Saturday night after closing time,  with the result that three merchants were found to have neglected to take goods into the  stores which they had been showing in front during the day.  Mr. McKim referred to the 1903  investigation into public accounts instituted by the Liberals, when not a dollar was found  to have been improperly used.  He also noted that in the present session, when the reports on  the plugging and Songhees Reserve investigations were brought  in, the Liberals did not see fit  to even submit a minority. report. Other speakers .were  Messrs. J. W. "Whiteley, Samuel  McRae and Dr. Harper.  Use Much Water Daily  The amount of water being  used daily in the municipality at  present amounts to 140,000 cubic feet, according to a report of  Water Superintendent McKay.  Of this amount 80,000 cubic feet  is purchased from Vancouver at  41-2 cents per hundred cubic ft.,  and 60,000 is secured txom the  C.  P. R.  wells"  At a largely attended meeting  in Selkirk school Wednesday  night, at which several speakers favored the widening of Commercial, before the trunk sewers  are put in, a resolution was passed to the effect that it was desirable to widen the thoroughfare before the sewers were dug,  and that the municipality would  thereby save $8,000. A deputation will meet the council at its  meeting next Tuesday for the  purpose of presenting this resolution and supporting it by stating their case. Councillors Russell, James, and Mengel and  other speakers addressed the  meeting.  Spread of Gospel Is Hope of  China  Mrs. Goforth, wife of Rev. Dr.  , Jonathan Goforth, the famous  missionary to China, gave an exceedingly interesting address on  her experiences in that land to a  large congregation in St. Paul's  Presbyterian church on Sunday  night. Mrs. Gofo-rth, who is a  sister of Mrs. Bell Smith, the  noted Canadian artist, went to  Honan, China, twenty-nine years  ago,   with her   husband, to   as-  . sist him in missionary work. Dr.  'and Mrs. Goforth went through  the Boxer rebellion in which Dr.  Goforth was wounded. Mrs. Go-  forth recounted many interesting  episodes in connection , with her  missionary work and declared  that the hope of China was in  the spreading of the gospel. Nothing else would meet the situation, she said. She related many  cases showing the power of  prayer and said that above all  things she asked for the prayers  of the Christian people in the  home land for the teeming millions of China.  EARLY CLOSING BYLAW  PASSED BY COUNCIL  or, as to which day in the week  the half-holiday shall be observed. The hours of voting will be  from 9 o'clock in the morning  till 7 o'clock in the evening, and  the following polling places and  deputy returning officers have  been appointed: Ward 1, Aberdeen School on Burrard street,  H. Hopkirk; Ward 2, Central  school, Pender street west, N.  McLeod; Ward 3, No. 1 Fire  Hall, corner of Cordovd street  and Gore avenue, R. Be^ttie;  Ward 4', City Hall, Main street,  A. A. Franklin; Ward 5, Oddfel-  lows' H9II, Main street, F. L.  Budlong; Ward 6, Fairview  school, south-west corner of  Broadway, A. Duff; Ward 7, Exhibition building, Hastings Park,  J. McLaren; Ward 8, Fire Hall,  corner 24th avenue and Burns  street, P. Truesdale.  CONSERVATIVES PLEASED  WVm NEW MJNJSTEJtS  Two bylaws were Introduced  by Aid. Mahon in the city council on Monday night and passed  through all their stages, the one  providing for the early closing of  stores and the other for the taking of a plebiscite on June 14  as to which day in the week  should be recognized as the half-  holiday. The early closing bylaw, which will come into effect  on June 17, provides that gents'  furnishings and clothing and  boot & shoe stores shall close at 6  o'clock on every week-day except Saturday, when they shall  close at 10 o'clock. Second-hand  dealers will also be brought under the bylaw. Barbers' shops  must dose at 7 o'clock) every  weekday, and at 11 o'clock on  Saturday. These shops must remain closed on statutory and legal holidays, but may remain  open the evening previous according to the Saturday time.  The penalty for an infraction of  the bylaw is placed at a fine  not exceeding $100.  The weekly half-holiday bylaw  fixes Wednesday, June 14, for the  day for taking the votes of the  electors qualified to vote for may-  At a meeting of the Ward V.  Conservative Association, held in  the new quarters last night, a  resolution expressing ^confidence  in the new cabinet appointments  made by Premier Bowser was  unanimously passed. It was decided to communicate with the  Premier congratulating him on  his selections. One of the principal speakers of the evening  was Mr. C. E. Tisdall, who dealt  ably with the manifesto given  out by Mr. H. C. Brewster. He  stated in connection with the  Pacific Great Eastern loans that  two years ago there were a great  many unemployed in the city,  which was shown by the length  of the bread line. The money  advanced to the P. G. E. had  been a source of relief to the  city and province at that time.  He also dealt with the plugging  charges against the Liberals,  stating that in his opinion some  2,000 votes had been plugged at  the recent by-election.  President H. C. N. McKim, in  a short address, referred to the  action of Mr. Brewster in trying  to nullify the most fertile legislation placed on the statute  books during the recent session.  He criticized the Liberal leader  for not taking action immediately after the session was supposed to have terminated in March,  and for holding the matter in  abeyance until the session was  over. He declared that it was  on account of the futility of the  efforts of the Liberals to bring  home their charges in the house  that this action had been taken.  PROHIBITIONISTS  PLAN FOR CAMPAIGN  ROOSEVELT  IN CANADA  Expressing a determination to  make the coming referendum on  prohibition the largest majority  that has ever been polled for  any prohibition measure in Can  ada, the joint committee of the  People's Prohibition movement  passed several resolutions, dealing with prohibition works at the  meeting held in the Y.M.C.A.  building  Thursday night.  The "gathering was attended by  over fifty representatives of the  central committee and was called  for the purpose of completing details of the plans for the coining  campaign. The^three resolutions  passed were as follows:  "That the joint committees of  the People's 'Prohibition movement in meeting assembled at the  Y.M.C.A., express their firm and  united intention of supporting  the British Columbia Prohibition  Act, and that we urge upon all  supporters of the principle of  prohibition to give their united  support to this measure and to  bend every effort to pass the  same at the forthcoming referendum by the largest majority  which has ever been polled for  any prohibition measure in Canada. '*'���������*. 'X--  "That we express our firm1  conviction that any compensation on account of prohibition  would be without justification  and contrary to social justice,  and, at the same time, we 'afre  convinced that no responsible'finance minister of our province  will ever dare to introduce into  the legislature of this province  any bill to provide such compensation.  "That this executive take  steps to pledge in writing every  candidate at the forthcoming  election to support and enforce  the British Columbia Prohibition  Act, in the event of his election, and the passage of the act  in order that every elector may  know who he is voting for and  B. C. E. R. Office Staff Picnic  Tomorrow the office staff-of.  the B. C. Electric Railway company will hold a picnic at Bow  en Island. The steamer Bowena  will leave the Union SS. wharf  at 9.15 a.m.. The office staff will  muster about 300 and this number is likely to be augmented by  about 100 others. A programme  of sports has been arranged.  One of the most popular men in Canada today is an outsider���������Theodore  Roosevelt. His latest book, "Pear God  and Take Your Own Part," is one of  the Dominion's, best sellers. The red-  blooded gospel of this volume appeals  immensely to the Canadian mind,  steeped as it is in preparations for  the thick of the big fight overseas. Mr.  Eoosevelt has been a frequent visitor  to Canada; has met her people and  studied her recent development. That  he admires the folks next door may  be gathered from this reference in his  book: X  "Canada has faced the time that  tries men's souls, and with gallant  heroism she has risen level to the  time's needs. Mighty days have come  to her, and she has been equal to the  mighty days. Greatness comes only  through labor and courage, through  the iron willingness to face sorrow  and death, the tears of women and the  blood of men, if only thereby it is  possible to serve a lofty ideal. Canada has won that honorable place  among the nations of the past and the  present, which can only come to the  people whose sons are willing and able  to dare and do and die at need."  Apart altogether from political consideration, it must .be admitted that  Roosevelt stock has risen in his own  country, too, during the past critical  year or two. His renewed prestige  may result in another nomination and  another triumph at the polls. Whether  or no (we are not now boosting the  Colonel for office), he has been the  man of the hour in speaking the word  of counsel most needed. His voice  alone among the mighty ones in America, has been insistent for justice  from the start. Germany had not long  been acting the role of the Hun when  he took up the cudgels in favor of the  cause that recently has been championed by the President-���������that of Humanity. Belgium's sorry plight \ no  doubt filled many eloquent 'American  statesmen with indignation. The Lusitania tragedy must have made their  leaders of thought like Senator  Lewis, William J. Bryan, Champ  Clark, Henry Ford rfnd the rest of the  host clenching their fists at the spec-,  tacle of wrong and infamy taking  place in Europe.  But these fine-souled people kept  their heat and horror to themselves.  If they classed Germany as the monster of nations, they didn't come out  frankly and say so. Sunday night at  the Auditorium Mr. Bryan shouted  himself hoarse in a plea for peace.  Had he made a similar noise for the  Bight in the days when the Kaiser  was starting his career as ah international law-breaker, he would have  been heard and acclaimed. Today he  is laughed   at4  .We must give Mr. Roosevelt credit  for both strength of mind and sincerity. It would have been easy and  profitable for him to act as the other  politicians did���������if he had been a man  of their stamp. Being different, he  took his stand for Humanity far in  advance of even President Wilson himself. The result is his growing popularity���������except among the pro-Germans.'  ���������The Chicago Canadian-American.  QUIETLY, QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY,YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss,,iany^distVrbance, without breaking or losing ai]  valuable furniture or bric^-brac ��������� BECAUSE CAMPBELL MAKES  A BUSINESS TO MOVE GOODS THAT WAY.  The big CAMPBELL |'Car Vans" are  heavily padded inside at  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection.   Only Bkillful, intelJ  gent movers handle your goods.   AND the charge is surprisingly smaj  *'.   Phone Seymour 7360 for full, particulars. 'xX;.-'".  Qm pbell$torace (om pan y  Oldest and largest In WestEffr^ANada  THone Seymour 7360 Omcc 657 Beatty .Street  Office Phone:   Seymour   8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store  Fixture  Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Oases  '   Painting, Paperhanging and RalBominlng  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B. O.  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  in Leckie Boots  ��������� -',���������'.''"->'*  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  feel at ease at once, The style is there, too, and  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  Will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C.���������name stamped  on each pair.  AT ALL DEALERS  PAVMGWT SAVWG  Credit Men to Convene  Elaborate preparations are being made for the fourth National  Council meeting of the Canadian  Credit Men's Trust Association,  which is to be held in Vancouver from June 14 to June 17.  There are branches all over Canada, and a large number of members and their wivfcs are expected to gather here and will  take advantage of the extensive  sight-seeing programme arranged for their benefit. The advertising literature which has been got  out contains many splendid cuts  of Vancouver, and describes this  eity as the most wonderful city  in North America. Many trips  around Vancouver and its vicinity have been arranged, while  the programme also includes a  trip to Victoria and the offer of  a  sightseeing tour to, Alaska.   -  Western Call, $1.00 per Year.  The adoption by several countries  of the scheme for saving daylight  through a manipulation of the clock  hands in spring and autumn illustrates how war necessities, are bringing social and political readjustments  that under peace conditions would  have been slow or impossible.  ^"Por" a" generation" there" has " been  wide academic discussion of pushing  the clock. hands forward an hour in  the spring and setting them back  again in the autumn, so as to keep  the working hours of the dhy within  the daylight sector in winter and to  bring the hours of both work and recreation into the longer daylight arc  of the summer.  It waa urged that this would effect  a large economy in fuel for making  artificial light; would be better for  people, through making them live more  in natural and less under artificial  light; would increase efficiency.  Against this there has been some  very cogent reasoning as to the difficulty, in very warm climates of trying  to sleep in the early evening hours,  with the air in the house like that  of a furnace, and as to the folly of  losing, the very early morning hours  in such weather for the refreshing  sleep which is possible only at that  time.  Germany was the first country to  adopt the new schedule in a sweeping  way. Holland and some others followed. England was expected to reject it, as a tribute in part to innate conservatism. But the Commons  endorsed the proposal and it will probably become effective. At that  time the clocks will be set forward  an hour. People who went to work at  8 o'clock will go an hour earlier and  will quit an hour earlier. They will  go to the theatre an hour earlier, go  to bed���������presumably���������an hour earlier;  turn down the gas and turn off the  electricity .an  hour    sooner.  Will they? That's the question.  Many people think the tendency to  live a certain proportion of one's life  under the gaslight will be so strong  that people will merely sit up later at  night, even though they njust get up  earlier; if so, there will be a loss in  efficiency and no gain in coal. Experience will prove. For ourselves, we  guess the Germans were right. They  thought man was a slave to his watch  and if the watch gave him different  orders he would obey.���������The New York  Press.  BISMARCK ANP THE  GJ5RWAN .JWIWB*  Soon after Bismarck's' dismissal,  William II.,- by estranging Bussia,  and antagonizing England, reversed  Bismarck's policy and thus destroying the political system whieh the  great Chancellor/had created by  years of laboT, a system which assured Germany's peace and her supremacy in Europe. I have showed  by means of numerous newspaper  articles emanating from the Chancellor, which had not previously  been published in the English language, that Bismarck not only opposed the Emperor's venturesome policy with all his strength, but that  he foretold  in  the  clearest  and  most  emphatic Jan  or's incessant and provocative meddling in foreign politics would lead  to a great European war; that the  war would be brought about by Austria 's Balkan policy, in which , Germany had no interest; that Germany  thus would be compelled to follow  Austria's lead; that the unnecessary,  estrangement from England ' was  bound to bring about Italy's desertion in the hour of trial; that Germany 's interference in the Far Eastt  and her shameful treatment of Japan, whom she had ousted from Port  Arthur, might arouse the hostility of  that country; that the Emperor's  neurotic and exasperating activity  and his bluster might bring about  the creation of a world-wide combination of powers hostile to Germany, and that it might lead to the  ruin of his country. I shall now  show by most interesting documents  which also have not yet been published in England that, incited by  military intriguers, William II. destroyed Moltke's work as recklessly  as he destroyed that of Prince Bismarck.���������The   Nineteenth  Century. '  SERBIA'S   STRONG   MAN  The Serbian Prime Minister Nicolas Pashitch, is a living history of his  country's progress, writes Alfred  Stead. Born at Zayetehar, a town  claimed by the Bulgarians as Bulgar-  garian, and twice ravaged and sacked by them as if to prove it, M.  Pashitch has been the one Serbian  above all others who has been instrumental in the frustration of the  Bulgarian plans. His early political  career war > fraught with many adventures; at one time he was ., forced  into exile, twice he wa3 condemned  to death. But nothing daunted him  in his persistent work towards the  realization of his ideals.  .,. With the advent of the ;Karageorge  dynasty to the throne M. Pashitch  became the predominant power,in his  country. None understand better the  psychology of the Serbian peasant, and  in Serbia all the population is peasant at heart, and thus he was able  to weld together a strong and dominating political party, which, with  rare exceptions,;beld the'xeins,of,:^ow-  er incessantly., The Xiuiet determination and" courage of M. Patshitch  achieved what more showy and flashing qualities in others were unable to  do. Year by year his services became  more indispensable to his country, until finally the great war of today  found, him in practically supreme control. '. -c ���������'..'.-. '"  Serbia is the most democratically  constitutional country. The rights of  tbe minority in parliament outweigh  the privileges of the majority and  hence national progress is exposed- to  terrible and prolonged delays. To  steer . a national policy- through parliamentary-shoals-required -tremendous-"  perseverence, patience and courage.  To see M. Pashitch in the national  assembly was a revelation in parliamentary statecraft. Without undue  or apparent effort the Serbian Prime  Minister brought about reconciliation  with Great Britain, broke away the  commercial dependence upon Austria,  doubled the area of Serbia, and raised  Serbia  into the comity of nations.  And today this young- old man, after the hardships of the war, is the  most optimistic of all the prime ministers of the allies. He has seen war,  he has suffered privation more than  any other prime minister, and he is  the most confident of ultimate victory. It is no small thing for an old  man of over 70 to share in the hardships of the long drawn-out retreat,  where even the most eminent trudged it and starved with the rest. No  statesman has a deeper and more accurate- knowledge of Balkan affairs,  and it is to be hoped that his visit  to this eountry will be taken advantage of to set firmly the foundations  of a  serious  Balkan policy.  ^Ibmsa wbc  acGc.  \  HOME  TO  BENT  For Bent���������6 room, modern house,  Balsam street, Kerrisdale; lawn,  flowers, garden^ chicken run, fenced  and newly decorated. Garden in first  rate shape, small fruits, roses, etc.  Bent, $16 per month. Box A., Western  Call.  X


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