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The Western Call 1916-05-12

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 Subscribe to the  re3ternCall  fclOOlW Year  Mos. 50 cents  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Ksarney  J U. Mclntyi*  Funeral Director  T. J. Kearney ft Co.  FniMral   Dlroeton  and  At your service day and  night.  Moderate charges-  808 Broadway West  Plum*: Fair. 1088  /LUME VIII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,      FRIDAY,  MAY  12, 1916.  5 Cents Pes Copy.  NO. 1.  INTERESTING CEREMONY  AT SOUTH VANCOUVER  bne   of   the   most interesting  emonies in the history of So.  ancouver  took  place last   Sat-  ''day   afternoon   when   a large  athering  of spectators witness-  1 the  unfurling   of  the  Union  ack over the recently establish-  Khaki Home. The ground in  ont of the house was very ar-  stically laid out in the form of  barracks, and the grass made  n effective background for   the  ^production,  in  colored  stones,  f two Union Jacks and the badge  f. the Soldiers' Wives and Mo-  hers, embellished   with   an   in-  )cription, similarly made, of the  liame of the institution, "Khaki  ^Home," together  with the title  pf our National  Anthem,   "God  "*ave Our King"; in the centre of  this patterned decoration rose the  lag-pole. This work, which   was  enerally admired, was done by  idie' Fatigue Party  of  the 231st  tlighlanders   and  of the   Engineers.  The  ceremony was performed  |>y Mrs. S. D. Scott, president of  'he Local   Council   of   Women,  nd vice-president of the    Wo-  aen'8 Patriotic Auxiliary. It was  most impressive proceeding, an  nteresting programme being car-  ���������ied out, beginning with a selec-  ion  by   the   pipe   band   of the  231st Highlanders, and   follow-  d by a tableau in which fifty-  three soldiers' children of South  Vancouver took part. Miss Lorna  McDonald, daughter of the president,   took   the role   of   Britannia most admirably. The other  children   represented   the   allies  and  the  various British  possessions.   This    spectacular tableau  which met with such huge success   on  Saturday,  is to  be  repeated   in   the  Mount   Pleasant  Presbyterian      church     tonight,  when the collection will be taken to purchase material for the  Red Ci'oss work of the Woman's  Guild of the  church, thus making   doubly interesting   its   patriotic  aspect.      As  soon, as  all  were assembled "Onward Christian Soldiers" was sung by   the  cjiildren; and audience,  followed  by a prayer for the Empire and  the  men on  active  service,  and  the dedication of the flag by Rev.  0. J. Nurse, of St. Luke's, South  Vancouver. Then    followed    the  singing of Kipling's Recessional  by the. children, immediately after which the   National  Anthem  was  sung and Mrs.  S. D. Scott  unfurled   the   flag after   making  a few suitable remarks, in which  she   expressed  the  deep impression which the occasion had made  upon   her,   and   the   pleasure   it  gave her to  unfurl for the first  time over the Khaki Home,   the  flag   whieh would   float as   long  as   the   Home   should   be necessary, representing the cause   for  which   husbands,    brothers    and  sons were  fighting;  and  also as  a  memorial.to the two  brothers  whochad made the flag and who  had made   the  supreme sacrifice  by giving   their   lives   for their  King and  country.     Mrs.  Scott  also paid tribute "to the splendid  work accomplished by the women  of the club   under   the   able direction of Mrs. Jean McDonald,  who    were     always     cheerfully  working for the Red Cross and  to keep   their    homes    together,  that they might be ready when  the men came home again. They  were  certainly  leading  the  women of Vancouver in many ways.  At the conclusion of her    address, Mrs.  Scott was made the  recipient  of  a   beautiful  basket  of  carnations, tied with a    bow  of. pink ribbon, the presentation  being made by a tiny child named Dorothy Treavor.  Mrs. Waters here recited very  feelingly, "Our Flag," which  was followed by a chorus, "Three  Cheers for the Red, White and  Blue," by the children, and a  selection by the pipers. Miss  McDonald sang "Rule Britannia." The audience joined in  the chorus.  History of the Flag  Ex-Mayor Baxter congratulated the Soldiers' Wives and Mothers   on   their   splendid   home,  where they dan go and work and  enjoy   themselves,    adding that  sometimes   unkind things    were  said about Couth Vancouver, but  the   Soldiers'   Wives   and   Mothers  were  removing  that   and  certainly   taking    the    lead   in  everything. Mr. Baxter, referred  to the Canadian Patriotic Fund,  explaining that   $60,000   will be  paid to soldiers' wives in Vancouver   and immediate     district  during the month of May.     He  also told the history of the flag  which had just been unfurled by  Mrs. Scott. It was made by two  men   and   given to   their  sister  before they left  for the  front.  These  two  brothers  have   both  paid   the great price, and     the  flag had been presented by  the  sister to the Khaki Home. Mr.  Baxter thought   it    could have  hung in no more appropriate a  place, adding that there was one  thing sure, never did a  citizen  die for a nobler cause than now  Mr. Baxter's   address   was   followed by another chorus by the  children, "The Sea is England's  Glory."  Mrs. Sillitoe, chairman of the  Prisoners of War Committee, was  the next speaker, referring to  the work of the committee since  its inception eleven months ago,  and how much it had been helped  by the women of South Vancouver. She ��������� was glad to say that  they were now caring for 110  prisoners of. war, whose lot, she  thought, was the hardest of all.  She also "explained that the Prisoners of War Committee is a  branch of the Red Cross. Mrs,  Stilltoe received a surprise at  the conclusion of her address, in  the shape of $5, being the first  donation from the new Prisoners'  Adoption League in connection  with the Home. The presentation  was made by Miss Margaret Mc-  Coll in her character as Belgium.  It is of interest to note that this  Prisoners' Adoption League  (Pals) adopted its first prisoner  on Saturday, and that they held  a social on Saturday evening  which was in every way successful. They intend to hold a dance  in the near future in honor of  the soldiers who helped decorate  They are also about to form a  junior branch of Pals. Their  league meets Friday night. Any  young people over 14 years of  age may be a member of this  league.  Mr. J. R. Seymour, vice-chairman of the Red Cross Society,  who presided, explained that  Mrs. Sillitoe had omitted to mention that the splendid sum of  $22,000 had been raised by the  Prisoners of War Committee  since it had been organized by  Mrs. Sillitoe.  Capabilities of Women  "O Canada," sung by Miss  Margaret McColl was the next  item on the programme, after  which Mr. Charles MacDonald  gave a most interesting address  in which he said that one good  thing arising out of the war was  that women were showing that  they were capable of doing many  things undreamt of. before, and  were getting into the place where  they belonged in the forefront.  He had been present, at the opening of a Khaki Home several  months ago, and had predicted  then that it would be a. success,  which it certainly was under  splendid management. He was  much impressed as he gazed  around on the numbers of healthy  children, and said that the sun  would soon be setting on Vancouver and would not rise again  for some hours, but it would  still be shining on some part of  the British Empire, for wherever  under the canopy of heaven the  sun was shining it was always  shining on the British flag. He  wished them to remember that  the flag stood for freedom, and  told them never to do anything  to disgrace it as long as they  lived, but to do as their daddies  and brothers were doing today in  Flanders and France, where  they would suffer death sooner  than be deprived of the liberty  the British flag upheld.  Here the pipers gave another  soul-stirring selection,' after  which Col. Markham spoke a  few words on the work of the  Returned Soldiers' Club, assuring his audience that no returned soldier need ever want for  a meal or a bed, which was always ready for him at the Club.  One hundred and twenty-seven  men had reported so far since  the opening of. the club, 95 of  whom had been placed in satisfactory employment, a proportion  of the others not looking for  employment. He   also spoke   on  the Military Hospital Commission.  After the children had sung  '' Scots Wha Hae'' and the National Anthem had been sung, including the special verse for the  soldiers, three whole-hearted  cheers were raised for King and  Empire, led by Col. Worsnop.  At the conclusion of the programme refreshments, under the  convenorship of Mrs. McColl,  were served in the Home, which  had been prettily decorated with  evergreens under the convenor-  ship of Mrs. William Spaven, a  soldier's wife, who also arranged the basket of flowers presented to Mrs. Scott. Mrs. Shrimp-  ton was the musical convenor,  Miss Evelyn Newman the pianist,  and Mrs. Waters had charge of  the staging of the tabueau and  the general arrangements. Mrs.  Jeanie McDonald, the cheery president, assisted by a large body  of helpers, was busy everywhere.  Others present were ex-Reeve  Gold, Mr. Grimmett, Mr. Mengel, Mrs. F. F. Wesbrook, Lady  Taylor, Mrs. J. R. Seymour, Mrs.  Fyfe-Smith and many others.  SHIPBUILDING PLANS ARE  TAKING DEFINITE SHAPE  PREDICT SETTLEMENT  OF MILKMEN'S STRIKE  There is hope of a settlement  of the milk drivers' strike in the  immediate future.  As   ,yet    the  dairymen and   drivers have  not  met, but indications tend toward  an early settlement. It is intimated by union officials that one  of the largest dairies in the city  is  prepared  to sign  the agreement presented by the  drivers,  endorsing   the    "closed    shop"  clause, which has been the bone  of   contention. The   latest union  dairy"   is   the   Island   Dairy in  Eburne.  That North Vancouver may, in  the near future, be the.centre of  a large shipbuilding industry  was the statement made during  the week by a gentleman interested in the project, which is  likely to assume practical shape  without undue delay owing to  the bonus for shipbuilding to be  offered by the provincial government. While full details can not  yet be made public, it may be  stated that one of the companies  interested in North Vancouver  is well known in shipping circles,  and has considerable financial  backing. Informal negotiations  have been in progress for some  time between representatives of  this company and the Lonsdale  estate and matters have, it is  stated, reached the stage where  the estate is willing to sell the  fine large fill in D. L. 265 as a  site for the proposed works.  The city council has been consulted and has, according to information, expressed its desire  to do everything possible to have  the firm locate on the North  Shore.  The fill is situated west of the  Indian Reserve, contains about  twenty-two acres and is suitable  in every way for the purpose for  which it is being sought. Should  the scheme mature the opening of  a shipbuilding plant would give  a great impetus to the development of the City of North Vancouver as well as the outlying  district.  It is known that already three  THERE |S NO PLACE HERE  FOR CONSCRIPTIONISTS  The agitation for conscription is still in progress, a few  excitable individuals devoting considerable tinve in endeavoring to raise a clamor that will induce the government at Ottawa to introduce compulsion in some form or other. One result of this agitation, and a very serious one, has been to give  the impression in the United States that conscription is about  to he adopted in thisj^^^^  laborers consequent upon tbe absence of so many young Canadians on military service, has induced the government to  make strong efforts to bring in from the United States settlers  for the west and farm laborers to assist in planting the crop  in tvd western provinces. Under present circumstances there  is small prospect of the production this year being equal to  that of last, and it is absolutely necessary that labor should  be found; otherwise the prosperity of the country is bound  to suffer. Extensive advertising in the United States for  farm laborers has been disappointing in results, the main reason given being the persistent rumors about conscription in  Canada. The Western Call has official authority for stating  that there is no prospect whatever of any form of conscription being adopted in the Dominion, and the more widespread  publicity that can be given to that statement the better. The  Dominion Government would be justified in suppressing meetings at which it is urged to adopt conscription or the registration of the male population for war service, as there is  reason to believe that reports of such meetings are sometimes  the origin of mischievous rumors so freely circulated on the  other side of the border. The leaders of the two great political parties at Ottawa are on record as opposed to compulsion in any form, but we fancy if the prime minister, instead  of telling parliament, as he did the other day, that the government had not dealt finally with the suggestion of a deputation for registration with possible adoption of conscription,  were to make a statement in the House declaring the government will not even attempt conscription the effect would  be to reassure timorous people whom the department of the  interior are anxious to bring over to work on Canadian farms.  Canada's offer to the mother country of assistance at the  outbreak of war was purely voluntary, and for the government to resort to any other than the volunteer system  in raising battalions would be inconsistent. It may be that  Sir Thomas Shaughnessy was right when he expressed  fear that tbe government, in deciding to increase Canada's contribution of men to half a million, were running  the risk of injuring those industries, agricultural and other,  which depend largely on manual labor for their success. The  soil products of Canada and the other overseas dominions will  be needed by the mother country this year as never before,  and in raising crops and still more crops Canada will be serving the Empire in a most important way. Meantime Canada  continues raising battalians at a rate that is considered highly satisfactory, and in the end this Dominion will be in the  proud position of a country that has rendered splendid aid in  the world's greatest war without resort to measure that can  in any way be termed harsh.    Muzzle the conscriptionist!  corporations have made representations for the acquisition of the  site mentioned. One of these is  from the East and two of them  are composed of. local men, all  with substantial financial backing. The former have been at  Victoria for some time in touch  with the government regarding  the proposed subsidy but until  the site has been secured on the  North Shore nothing definite can  be undertaken with a view to  making a start on the erection of  the plant. This firm would be  prepared to build the boats before making a claim for the government grant, a fact which is  proof of the stability of the concern from the financial point of  view.  The   city   council is   believed,  as a body, <to be willing to  as- (  sist in every possible way in the  promotion  of the  new  industry  to the   fullest   extent.   Negotiations have been in progress with  the representatives of the Lonsdale estate for some time and an  option was taken out. This, however,  expired, though this   fact  will -not  in   the  least  interfere  with the scheme that is now under   consideration or with    the  sale of the site in question; The  price has yet to be fixed,    this,  being   dependent   solely   oh the.  'amount of work that  the  firm  will undertake to carry through.  It is stated, however, that the estate will render every aid to the  promoters ,in the matter, and that  the figure will be a comparatively moderate one..  HOW TBE U. S.  REGARDS ENGLAND  H. G. Wells, writing in the  Saturday Evening Post on the relations between the United States and England, says:  "So far as I can judge the  American mind is eminently  free from any sentimental  leaning toward the British.  Americans have a traditional hatred of the Hanoverian monarchy  and a demo^  tocracy. They are far.more acutely aware of. differences than resemblances.  They suspect every Englishman of being a bit of a gentleman arid a bit of a flunky. I  have never found in America  anything' like that feeling common in the mass of English people, which prevents the use of  the word foreigner for an American; there is nothing to reciprocate the sympathy and pride  that English and Irish republicans and radicals feel for the  States.  Few Americans realize that  there are sueh things as English republicans. What has linked them with the British hitherto has been very largely the  common language and literature ;  it is only since the war began  that there seems to have been  any appreciable development of  fraternal feeling. And that has  been not so much discovery of  mutual affection as a realization  of a far closer community of essential thought and purpose than  has hitherto been suspected. The  Americans, after thinking the  matter out with great frankness  and vigor, do believe that Britain is, on the whole, fighting  against aggression and not for  profit; that she is honestly backing France and Belgium against  an into'erable   attack,   and that  thing which needs discrediting  and, if possible, destroying in the  interests of all humanity, Germany included.  And they find that, allowing  for their greater nearness, the  British are thinking about these  things almost exactly as they  think about them. They follow  the phases of the war in Great  Britain���������the strain, the blun-  derings, the tenacity, the onset  of consenption is an .essentially,  non-military community ��������� with  the complete understanding of a  peop'e similarly circumstanced,  differing only by scale and distance. They have been through  something of the sort already;  they may have something of the  sort happen again. It had not occurred to them hitherto how parallel we were. They begin to have  inklings of Iioav much more parallel we may presently become."  CASE OF LEPROUSY  AT SOUTH HILL  For the first time in the records of the police department a  person affected with leprosy has  been discovered in South Vancouver. The victim is a Russian  named Bedofs Mio came down  from a logging camp last week.  He was taken on Tuesday morning by Dr. II. R. Nelson, Dominion medical health officer,  from the William Head quarantine   station.  Bodefs came to his old home at  5874 Inverness street last week  feeling unwell and went to see  a local physician. The only signs  of ailment he had were two sores  one on each arm. The doctor  was puzzled and had him examined by another doctor. From  the first the physicians were suspicious of the ease and their  fears were confirmed by the discovery of the  leper  germ while  the   Hohenzollern empire   is     a 1 probing one of the wound.. >.-w^"Vni~inV������ .4;  i  "���������lAtMMVWk. ^ w*  IKv  2  THE WESTERN CALL  m  P*l*  EX  VA:\  *^*l  ; S-'l  M  pi  fo"!  IX'  I*!'  "fr- *  E������;5l  KB*  An article appearing originally  in the Continental edition of the  London Daily Mail advances the  opinion that the great war has  altered the social face of. Europe  just as muchi as the glacial epoch  once sheltered, its physical surface.     >  The Hohenzollern glacial period has set back the growth of  civilization by a hundred years;  it has crumbled Europe's social  structure, stunted its arts and  sciences, and withered away its  web of travel and intercourse. A  hundred years hence the people  of every 'warring nation will  still be taxed by the debts of the  great war; dreadful memories  will still keep a spiritual and  social gulf between civilized  Europe and the Teuton.  Twenty-five million 'men have  taken up arms. It is estimated  that nine millions already have  been slain or disabled and that  the total destruction of life in  Europe in two years of war will  be twenty millions.  This is the combatant waste  alone. Civilian populations'  everywhere in Europe, even of  neutral nations, are affected by  the physical and nerve stress of  Armageddon. Nearly everywhere  the birth rate falling; the  death rate rising. British births  are already-40,000 a year less  and deaths 50,000 more than in  1913, a net deficit of 90,000 lives  a year���������the total population of.  whole towns like Coventry and  Northampton. Paris is losing  similarly, and Berlin and Vienna  much more heavily.  When the great war is over a  shrunken Europe will realize  that no plague of the Middle  Ages ever ravaged it like the  black death that came from Potsdam.  The direct monetary cost of  the war to the belligerents can  be put at nearly ten thousand  million pounds a year, figures  that, like the astronomers' distances, outpass the human conception. Titanic is they are, the  figures of the indirect cost of  the war exceed them; lost trade,  lost production, and creations of  science, art, humanitarianism  and discovery that have perished  in embryo.  Europe after the war will be  a little Europe, with a population not' much greater than the  population of Europe before the  Napoleonic wars, a Europe with  these stupendous social problems:  -Two women to every man.  More old men than young men.  More boys than workers in  their prime.  GENUINE BARGAINS  Sacrifices that are not made from choice.  HOUSES  WEST END���������9-room strictly modern house, on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. on full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining room, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception room in expensive paper, the  4 bedrooms have washbowls with hot and cold water*;  the large front bedroom has artistic fireplace. Property  was formerly valued at $22,000. Today's price, $8,900.  On terms.  H0&NB7 8T.���������Semi-business, 25 ft., in the first block  -. off Pender St., closest to Pender, with 10-room house,,  rented, clear title, old time price, about $22,000. Today for $8,300.   Tterm.s  FAJEVJEW���������Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  Ave. and East of Granville St. on lot 62% by 100 ft.  and garage. Has hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000. Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000.   7% per cent. Balance arrange.  &JT8I&4N0���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet, and bookcases, furnace, fireplace, bath and toilet separate, gas and electric light. Sold for $7,500. Today for $4,500. Mtge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  GEAJTOVWW���������������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has full basement, furnace, laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was sold for  $4,500.  KITSILANO���������Most attractive 5-room bungalow, new, on  10th" avenue, on full 33 ft. lot., has hot water heat,  hardwood floors, beam ceilings, pannelled walls, bath  and toilet separate, firepjacj, ba^  *���������*** *'-*-���������"^nd^������tr������"toileTXs*^^ piilara in front, cement walks,  best hardware. Price $3,500. Mortgage $2,000. 8 per  cent. Balance,arrange.  OEAXTDVIEW���������On Third Ave. neaT Commercial St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ft. Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  KITSILANO���������3-year-old modern house on 8th Eve. on  large lot 66 by i32 ft., has hardwood floors, furnace,  fireplace, bath and toilet separate, valued at $6,000.  Today for $3,150. Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange.  LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious, location, as a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold here as high as $2,500, but owner hard up'  sell for   $600.  POINT GREY���������On the brow of the hill near 22nd and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2 lots on 8th Ave. ner Burns St., cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50 ft. lot on'lOth, Ave. near Laurel St. for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE. 'WEST���������33 ft. near Trutch St. dirt cheap  at $1300. Also 50 ft. between Fir and Pine Sts. for  $2800.    Formerly held at  $17000. -  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and .Tack-  son  for  $7600. . X "    . ���������������  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  ;     Strathcona   Place   cost   $4000 for   $1500. A   splendid  homesite.  ���������KINGSWAY���������33 ft. near Nanaimo St.  for $450.  SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for   $75.  ACREAGE  SURREY���������152 acres near Port Mann about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth Road for $37 per acre.  BURNABY���������31/f, acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000.  GIBSON'S LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  .Roberts Creek 2 acres cleared, 2 slashed balance alder  and small Sr creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 years' old, assorted and small fruits. Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear deeded  lots or house not too far out.  ALLAN BROS.  More physically unfit than physically fit.  Millions of men to be fitted  again into civil employment,  millions of women who have  learned men's work and earned  men's wages.  Millions of manual workers  Avho will have become accustomed to wages twice or three times  as high as they earned in prewar days, and who will still expect those wages.  Greatly diminished food supplies for many years owing to  ravage of cultivated lands, diminished breeding stock and shortage  of production.  These are only a few of the  major problems that will confront Europe after the war.  There are pessimists who prophesy industrial revolution.  There are other prophets who  mutter of a war of that sex rivalry and antagonism whose  grim beginnings the British saw  in days when the "surplus" woman was only one to every seventeen men. ���������  X .    '  There are" other pessimists  who prophesy that the century  after the great war will have to  be spent in sheer material rebuilding, and that all the sciences will stand still, all the arts  languish, all the humanities  rust, while a shattered Europe  Jies in a spmtiial and intellectual stupor like that strange stupor of the Dark Ages.  i?afe prophets are ordinary citizens who say to each other so  btUai, "Ou? old life has gone;  norhiiig will ever be the saine  again.'' The social face, of Europe is changed. Old classes and  castas liave been .-, leveled;  new and assertive classes have  risen. Many men have been  b^dki/H, many men have been lifted. There were democrats when  the war broke out who cried in  desimir, '"This ia the end of de-  Friday, May 12, 193  niceracy.  ���������' <%  hero are  other  voi-  REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. 2873  ces which whisper now,"Democracy alone will emerge  stronger from the war and what  will its demands be?"  As in the great things, so -i in  the smaller things, it will be a  new world. "Look at the map of  Europe and remember how the  tourist agencies had made it a  holiday ground for us. For a  generation to come the centre of  that map is blotted out. What  Briton will take samples or patterns to Berlin? What tourist  will talk in our time of the  Rhine or of the Black Forest?  The great war has set. back European travel arid comity to -the  days of the stage coaches.  _XI]_rn_Ji^^rom^jthe.. continent-^.to  home, and think of the new  world. Already all its chronicles  of. 1914 are musty and unreal.  Where are its "celebrities" and  its "notorieties," its puppet passions, its "isms" and "antis?"  Where are the parties arid policies,, when the party politician  has become an effigy to smile at  in a museum? Was it not in the  late summer of 1914 than the  "tango" was the newest relaxation, golf the serious preoccupi-  ation of multitudes, and the coming league football season the  sole preoccupation of greater  multitudes? In July, 1914, the  "daring" actress, the "realistic"  novelist, the man who had broken a record. on a billiard table,  commanded our homage. The  summer of 1914 was the last performance of a stale comedy. The  book of words is torn up, the  theatre is in the hands of the  house-breakers, its license is revoked, its players have forgotten  their parts and have crept away.  Nothing will be .the same  again. We must make our best  of a harder world and a narrower world. Europe can rebuild herself only by that stern efficiency  of Rome when she first rose by  Tiber. The curfew hour of all  who survive these days will be  late, the play hours short, the  pleasure money scanty. But,  despite all the prophets of woe,  the changed world is going to be  a better world. These days of,  our test and agony have hacked  out new touchstones of values  and worth. Hundreds of thousands of the new men will come  home from the battlefields to  claim voice and power among  the masons; hundreds of thou  sands of the women who have  done the home work of the ab  sent and kept their hearths shining .will demand trowels and cement in our work of rebuilding.  Neither marionettes who would  dance us back to the old fancy  fair, nor revolutionaries who  would dance us to worse than Ar  mageddon, will prevail. It will  be a new world, arid nothing will  be the same again; but, for all  its burdens and sorrows, it will  oot be a worse world���������unless the  allies are tricked into "peace"  before the war militarism of  Prussia is utterly broken.���������Anns  and The Man.  GROWING MARKET  FOR B. C. POTATOES  As a result of the potato export busines of the past season',  largely made possible through  the inspection service afforded  by the provincial government,  huge quantities of 'spuds' have  been shipped to the United  States, Eastern Canada and Australia, and it is believed that pos  sibly 10,000 tons, which otherwise would not have been marketed at all, have been disposed  of at satisfactory prices and the  price has been advanced on an  additional 35,000 tons. The net  increase in returns to potato  growers of the province, particularly of the Lower Mainland,  due to this export business now  in full swing, is placed at between $300,000 and $450,000. For  the past five weeks cars have  been inspected by the department and sent forward at the  rate of thirty-five per week.  The horticultural branch of  the provincial department of agriculture provides a disease certificate for each car and inspection is free of. charge to the  growers. These certificates also  stand as guarantees of ^quality  to the buyers. The continuance  of this export potato business,  stated Provincial Horticulturist  Winslow, largely depends upon  the production ... of stock free of  diseases. Unfortunately, potato  diseases are spreading and  growers are not attempting as  they should to check them. The  department urges the selection of  seed, development of special  strains by continued selection,  the^disinfection" of air seed planted and the planting of no seed,  which may possibly be infected  with powdery scab. Growers are  asked to follow the recommendations of the department as given  in Bulletin 68. Samples of infected seed are procurable ' from J.  W. Eastham, plant pathologist,  Vancouver courthouse.  Arrangements are now being  made for the formation of potato  associations in the lower mainland for seed selection, unifdrm-  ity of varieties, grown, uniform  grading, purchasing of sacks,  control of potato diseases and  marketing. The suggestion which  has given rise to the .movement  came about through the development of the export trade during the past season.  The first associations to be  formed will probably come into  existence at Hammond and Ladner. R. C. Abbott, coast markets commissioner, will undertake the organization work.  This past season there was  heavy over-production on the  Lower Mainland and the situar  tion was only saved by reason  of the ability of the department  and the growers to work up an  export business providing for the  shipment of potatoes to California, Australia and Ontario. This  business, if the associations are  able to retain it, will certainly  be held by British Columbia spud  growers.  a_  RENTAL   LISTINGS  We are having a number of calls for five arid seven room  houses, in different parts of the City.   We shall be glad)  to have your listings.   No charge unless results obtained.  See our Rental Department.  North West Trust Company, Limited  Seymour 7467. 509 Richards St.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per  cent,  to  7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interest, collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS* Etc  Leather of all Kinds.   Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C,  WHOLESALE ANP RETAIL.  NEW OAWPIPATU  FAVORS PROHIBITION  There was a very large gathering of South Vancouver Conservatives at the Preshyterian  church in North Burnahy last  Thursday evening to hear Rev.  Win. Boulton, the recently-nominated "candidate^for tliaf riding.  Mr. Boulton confined his  speech wholly to the prohibition  question, but intimated that he  was heartily in favor of women's suffrage, and that on his  next visit to the district he would  talk along these lines. No government was justified in licensing a traffic which was destructive to humanity, he declared. He  would like to see, he said, Canada take the initiative and make  one grand sweep from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and banish' from  her midst the whole of the traffic, so that humanity could have  at least an opportunity to rise to  the God-given privilege of manhood without being impeded  with the drink monster. Canada,  he thought, could quite easily  deal with it, since its people  were characterized as attempting  heroic tasks. <>  When the people have an opportunity to vote on the subject  he had no doubt as to the result,  and he was only sorry that the  women would not be able to vote  too, as then he was certain it  would carry in British Columbia  by ten to one. The social conscience had been awakened, and  the men of British Columbia  were only waiting for the opportunity to give a death blow to  the monster whieh had for so  long defiantly shook its fist at all  that was true, pure, upright and  manly.  The    anti-prohibitionists    hac  also begun   to realize   that   the  measure was to carry, and   hac  begun to prepare for their ownl  funeral service and to sing theirl  departing dirge. Their one great J  cry was   compensation.   He contended thay had no more claim!  for compensation than the miner!  whose.jelaim ^dW^npt^jt^iLPut^asJ  he confidently expected it would.  He could not see his way to en-1  dorse   the   compensation   move-]  ment, and intended to do all in]  his power to influence the  gov-1  eminent to submit a bill to the |  people   for   prohibition   without  compensation, unless it be to the  widows and  orphans and homeless,   the victims   of an   unjust  and unrighteous traffic.  Mr. E. A. Lucas, president of  the   Young   Conservative   Asso^  ciation, was the other speaker.  An old darky appeared in the'  doctor's office one morning, plainly very low in mind. The doctor,  recognizing his old patient,  greeted him in his most inspiring manner. "Well, Elijah, how  is the rheumatism these days?"  "Pohly, pohly, sah!" replied Elijah dejectedly. "Belief me,  Marse Doetor, I'se jest a movin'  picture ob pain."  An old couple who used to buy  a quart of ale every night were  persuaded by a friend to .purchase a keg of the beverage on  economical grounds. The evening  that the keg was broached, and  the first quart consumed, the old  wife said: "Well,- George, we've  saved five cents on our ale tonight, and five cents saved is five  cents earned." "That's so," replied her husband. "Let's have  another quart and save ten  cents." .riday, May 12, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  invocation of University of B. C.  scene which will live long in  memory of those present and  longer in the historic annals  [the province marked the first  [evocation of the University of  ftish Columbia last Thursday  lernoon in the ball-room of the  |tel Vancouver.  Resident Tory, of the Alberta  diversity,   who   has   attended  --.vocations   innumierable,   told  audience that he had never  |en    a    convocation   ceremony  lich attracted   the widespread  Lterest of all classes as had the  rst convocation of the Univer-  |ty of B. C, and he regarded the  ict as a most hopeful augury.  The Courthouse Procession  The scene  before   the  . court-  louse was of the liveliest inter-  3t.   While gownsmen were rob-  lg    inside   the    courthouse,    a  lart squad of the 192nd Battal-  >n    (the   Western   Universities  iattalion)   composed entirely of  len from the B.  C. University  ider Major R. W. Brock, performed evolutions on the courthouse lawn. As the procession of  lignitaries, capped and robed in  fesplendent gowns,  wended    its  ray   down the   steps   from   the  lourthouse, the guard of  honor  Iwung into line and led the parade out towards Hornby street;  len past the front of the court  house   to the   main entrance   of  the     hotel.  Cameras clicked by scores as  the procession passed, while a  trio of "movie" operators worked in relays. Thus the brilliant  scene, witnessed by thousands of  Vancouverites, wiU���������-minus, the  color glory of the green sward,  the khaki uniforms and the resplendent robes^ of the dignitaries  ���������be yet beheld by uncounted  thousands over the Empire.  Inside the Great Hall  As the procession entered the  brilliantly-decorated convocation  hall, the military stood at attention at the entrance forming a  guard of honor, while the dignir  taries, led by the chancellor, Mr.  P. Carter-Cotton, Lieut.-Gover-  nor F. S. Barnard, Premier Bowser and President Tory of Alberta University, walked down the  aisle to the platform. President  Wesbrook was gowned in the  the premier presented a more  scarlet robe of his office, while  sedate figure in the black gown  and white and yellow hood of his  alma mater Dalhousie.  In the procession other notable  figures were the Bishop of. Caledonia, Dr. H. E. Young, former  minister of education; Principal  John Mackay of Westminster  Hall, Principal Vance of Latimer  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRJENPS ?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant price,, charged hy other dentists hat  hitherto prevented you having your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  ���������        ^DENTISTRY.AS IJPRAOTIOJ! J^^^���������    ��������� _  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all my patients:  "IP IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low. N  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer Painless  Dentist      COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  Hall and Principal Sanford of  Columbian College. Members of  the board of governors and the  faculty were seated on the plat  form. The senate/ which followed the board of governors,  had a large attendance. Among  the ladies present were Mrs. jj  W. DeB. Farris, Mrs. J. H. Mac-  gill and Miss Edith Paterson.  The speaker of the day, President Tory, of Alberta University,  made the patriotic upholding of  the moral traditions of the British Empire the highest point of  his address. Nine of the men  graduates, clad in khaki, came  forward to receive their B. A. degree, and the extra meed of applause given to the uniformed  graduates    was   very noticeable.  Dean Brock, who appeared in  uniform as the major of the  192nd ,and who humorously questioned whether he was expected  to address the convocation as Dr.  Jekyll or Mr, Hyde, received an  ovation fitting for a conquering  hero.  The chancellor, Mr. F. Carter-  Cotton, drew attention to the his-  historic importance of the first  convocation as marking the successful inauguration of an insti  tution destined to have an important influence over the future  life of the province. The days of  financial misfortune consequent  on the war and other causes  which had prevented the governors from carrying out the plans  they had originally purposed had  gone to prove, he said, that the  university is not a collection of  buildings, but of purposeful  spirits. He drew attention to the  university motto above the platform "Tuuni Est" (itV yours)  and said it was the boast of the  university that it was free to all.  The lieutenant-governor, Hon.  F. S. Barnard, tendered his congratulations as the first visitor  to the university convocation and  then made way for the premier  W. J. Bowser.   N.  "While I was a member of. the  executive council when the university was founded," said the  Premier, "I do not take any credit to myself,, for that work. I  leave that to my colleague, Dr.  Young, who was then the minister of education and who was  the father of the university."  The premier said that while the  war had interfered with the government's plans to a certain extent, they"were hopeful of being able to meet the immediate  needs of the university. He congratulated the university on having Dr. Wesbrook as president;  and,saidJthat.the .roll of^two  professors and over a hundred  students who had enlisted showing their fine spirit in helping  to work out the issues of national  destiny in the hour of need.  President Tory, of Alberta, to  whom each of the preceding  speakers had paid tribute for his  former work as head of McGill  college, the predecessor of the  provincial university, was warmly received on rising. He congratulated the university, on the  public interest evinced in its  work, on the fact that it had  been born in strenuous days and  free from the divisions of. party  politics.  Discussing the motives which  had brought education within  reach of all, he said that there  were three leading motives, the  hunger for intellectual satisfaction which marked all Aryan  communities, the specific practical demands of every-day life  and latterly the demand of the  mass of the people to obtain a  hearing.  In a vigorous, entertaining address Dr. Tory traced the growth  of knowledge, pictiiring Sir  Isaac Newton, sitting on his bed  in his room at Oxford so engrossed in thinking for hours at  a time that he forgot even to  dress or eat as he worked out  the problems on which all mod  ern physics are founded. He pictured Michael Faraday with his  home-made equipment, valued in  all at ten pounds, laying the  foundations of all we know of  electricity. "He was not thinking of dollars, but only of the  intellectual joy of unravelling  knowledge. The men who have  given the world the greatest  things have always been content to let meaner-spirits'. exploit the money making possibilities from their inventions,"  said the speaker.   ' '-  Of the forty graduates who  received their B. A. degree; nine  of them are to leave for overseas military service, Messrs. Edward Weldon Berry, Charles Andrew Duncan, Ernest LeMessur-  ier, Sherwood Lett, William Forrest Maxwell, Sranklin Frederick Burrows Sexsmith, Thomas  Stinson Becket Sherman, James  Percy Caldwell Southcott and  William Cochrane Wilson.  The presentation of medals,  prizes and Royal Institution  Scholarships, Faculty of Arts,  was made by the registrar, Mr.  George Robinson, the following  being the recipitnes:  Fourth Year���������Lennox Alger^  non Mills, Governor-General's  medal; Edna May Taylor (prox-  ime aceessit), prize $30; James  Robert Galloway, second prize,  $20.  Third Year���������John Hamilton  Mennie, first prize, $25; John  Russel, second prize, $15.  Second Year���������Abraham Lincoln Marshall, first prize, $25;  Caroline Pansy Munday, second  prize, $20; Harold Remington  Stevens, third prize, $15.  First Year���������Constance Elizabeth Highmoor, first scholarship;  Pauline Emma Gintzburger, sec  ond scholarship; Isabel Martin  Thomas, third scholarship; Elizabeth Agnus Thomas, first prize,  $15; Kosaburo Shimizu, second  prize/ $10.  Faculty   of   Applied   Science,  Third Year���������Clive  Elmore Cair-  nes   and   Chajrles Alfred    Hoi  stead   Wright, equal,   prize   of  $25 divided; second year, Theo  dore Harding Morgan and Fred  erick    Choate   Stewart,    equal,  prize of $20 divided; first year,  William  Orson  Banfield, scholr  ship; George Frederick Fountain,  prize, $15. .  You Business Man! Reach out-  Telephone ! Keep right in  touch with tho.se with whom  you do business.  You Everyday Telephone  User! Appreciate the better  person-al relations resulting  from conver.sation with your  friends. Send your voice,  your personality, by telephone.  Until you have used the Long  Distance telephone you cannot approximate its po-ssi-  bilities.  British Columbia Telephone  any,  LOCAL RED CROSS  HAS SUCCESSFUL YEAR  The Vancouver Branch of the  Canadian Red Cross Society, at  the meeting of its executive  committee last week reported  that the society was steadily continuing its activities with a gratifying measure of "Access.     ~  From the central depot there  had been shipped to Toronto during the month of April 178 cases of field and hospital supplies and surgical dressings. The  individual articles of varying  sizes and degrees of value  amounted in the aggregate to  49,809, of which .4658 were field  comforts and 44,651 were hospital garments. Included in this  total is 3335 pairs of socks forming a record monthly shipment  of socks, the total number of  pairs sent for the men at the  front during the past three  months being 9060 pairs.  The supplies sent from the  central depot are the products  of voluntary labor bestowed by  women workers of the society  and its affiliated branches upon  materials purchased locally with  money raised for that purpose.  The garments are made up by women workers of the ward branches and auxiliaries Avithin Greater Vancouver and the subsidiary  branches in points covering  nearly the whole of the mainland.  The report of the purchasing  committee showed that during  the month of April $1,883.30 had  been expended in the purchase  of materials for the city branches  and that the total for the  months of February, March and  April of materials purchased for  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  $4,066.74- Large quantities of  gauze are being constantly used  up by the society in the making  of surgical supplies and the last  order alone amounted to 8,000  yards of. cut gauze and was dis  posed of within a very few days  after the arrival of the shipment.  Arrangements for carrying but  linen week which begins on Monday, May 15, having been completed by the purchasing committee, it is hoped will prove to  be a successful innovation on the  part of the society.  Each branch, according to the  ajTangenients that^ have been  made by the committee will have  charge of the organization and  collecting of such linen and cotton within its own ward or district and after the linen and cotton have been collected and sorted will be forwardedto the central   depot.  The monthly financial statement showed that during the  month of April there had beea  received at the central depot for  the various funds of the society  contributions amounting to $4,-  579.lt*. The expenses were as,  follows: Telephone, shipper and  postage, at the central supplies  depot of .$5, .$50 and $11.45 respectively, and at the central office, postage and stationery of $5  and .$21.20 respectively.  WAR GRAFTERS ARE  TRAITORS TO COUNTRY  A Sunday-school superintendent, who happened also to be the  leading local draper, was put  ting a class of tiny children  through a little examination.  '. When he had finished, he said  calmly:  "Now, have any of you a  question you would like to ask  me?"  A very small girl raised a  timid hand.  "What is it, Martha?" asked  the  superintendent.  "Please,   Mr.   Brookes,"  said  the  sriiall  girl,  "how  much are  those little red parasols you have  the  city   branches amounted  to in your window?"  "A few, a very few I am glad  to say, are treating the war as  a medium of making money. I  have, no objection to legitimate  profits to business men out of this  war, but I say this ,that any  man making illegitimate profits  out of this war is an absolute  traitor to his country." In these  spirited sentences Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., Vancouver, speaking  in Loew's theatre, Toronto, recently, condemned the men who  are "bleeding" the_jJountryv Xn_  grim, grave times.  The speaker also alluded to  other internal enemies. He remarked "Lloyd George said a  few months ago 'we are fighting  the Germans, the Austrians and  drink.' I put ft a little differently. We are fighting the Germans, but there is another enemy, and that is the self-centred  and selfish individual at home  who is prepared to sacrifice his  nation's and his country's interests to his own. Another enemy  is the carping critic who is continually nagging at the men who  are doing the work."  The President of France, in declaring that the issue involved  was life or death, first for  France, second for the British  Empire, and thirdly for civilization, summed up in one brief  sentence, the significance of. this  great struggle. This war would  be won first by the men in the  firing line and second by the  united effort of everyone���������man,  woman and child���������in all parts  of the Empire and allied countries in support of the troops. If  the British Empire emerged  from this great conflict with her  honor intact, her fair name and  traditions unsullied, even if she  be bankrupt, she will have been  the winner and civilization will  have been the richer for it.  Western Call. $1.00 Per Year.  iXSiX  !rX>$(h >XX  " '    -^-pfV:_? is  Pi-  Illr  !*Xt-  PfX'  IfM-  111  IH'-X  X"  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������������������������n^a���������������������������  Friday, May 12, 191^  ft  I  ���������t,;fe  i  if  In'I;  ill*  xl  IP-  11  Jl'lj  I'J !'*t!j  I  I  p  I  P  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY FRIDAY  By the  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  OUR EIGHTH ANNIVERSARY  With this issue of May 12,  the Western Cal1 enters upon its  eighth year in the journalistic  field. Many changes have taken  place since we published our first  issue. Conditions have altered  our plans from time to time. But  the policy which we formulated  at the outset has not been subjected to any change whatever.  Our policy has always been one  of general upliftment, and we  have endeavored to keep it clearly before the public. We have  made it a point to take a firm  and fearless stand for the' right  on all the leading issues of the  day. Our interests are inextricably interwoven with those pf  the public and we hope we have  always succeeded in giving as unquestionable proof of that fact  to our readers as they have given  us proof of their good-will towards us.  During our seven years of public   life   we have   been growing  up   with    the    communities     to  which we have striven  to  dedicate our earnest and undivided  services!    And     a     remarkable  growth it has been!   The whole  aspect of this part of the world  of Vfancouver has undergone  a  complete change. The districts of  Mount   Pleasant,   Fairview" and  South   Vancouver  have literally  sprung frpm   straggling viUages  into great and flourishing diminutive cities.     Fine and imposing  buildings mark the, spots   where  once vacant lots v gave a suggestion of jungle wildernesses. Great  and flourishing industries = have  found a foothold 'in these   dis-  tricts,    industries    which   have  been playing an important part  in  advancing  the national   and  international interests of Greater Vancouver. And the population has grown in proportion, as  the Western Call has reason  to  know.  .  With this growth in the districts has come an inevitable  growth in church and social life.  The people in these parts are  noted throughout the city for  the keen interest which they take  in their churches, and for their  _ earnest -and unflagging-devoted-  ness in advancing the work of  the particular denominations to  which they belong. And we are  proud to say that The Western  Call has always worked hand in  hand with the people in this  branch of their communal interests, and that our columns have  been their chief orga nof publicity, through which they have  been enabled to keep their members informed of and interested  n the various departments of  their church work.  Social life has made immense  strides, and if the columns of  our babyhood issues were to be  compared with the issues of the  present year, a radical difference  in society events would be noticeable.  Most of all we have made it  our endeavor to hokl all the larger issues of Vancouver steadily  before the readers of our districts. We have made a point of  holding up the miri'Or to public  law and public morality, and in  matters of health and sanitation  have made our columns the medium of a demand for better  conditions. We earnestly desire  to -advance the public welfare  of our communities as wel1 as of  the whole city. We are making  ���������prohibition* our latest issue, and  we are in the battle with our  fighting gloves on and with a  determination to do what we can  towards advancing the cause of  right and justice.  Since the outbreak of the European war The Western. Call has  taken a keen interest in the  deep patriotic sentiment of our  people and our columns have  voiced the pride we have felt  at the ready response of so many  of our -boys in Mount Pleasant,  Fairview and South Vancouver  to the urgent call of their king  and country. We have grieved  over the' reports of so many  deaths but gloried in the patriotism which led them to sacrifice their lives in the noblest  cause of aU, that of their country. We are proud of our  wounded boys and are endeavoring to help our people to give  them the welcome due them and  the necessary help on their return by giving publication to all  that our people are doing along  such praiseworthy lines. In publishing the roll-calls of the various churches we are able to keep  the general pubUc in touch with  the patriotic work which is being carried on in these parts.  In closing this commemoration  of our seven years' labor in the  service of our public, we beg to  thank our many patrons and  readers for their hearty co-operation in our work and for the  many invaluable acts of kindness  which they have performed on  our behalf and without which it  would have been impossible for  us to attain to our present pinnacle of success. And we trust  that they will continue to extend  to us the kindly helping hand in  the future and we hope that together we will be able to achieve big resuHs in the public  interests and be the. means of  bringing about whatever reforms  may be necessary to the public  happiness and final prosperity of  our communities, of our city and  our province.  is the gospel of slavery.  An old Prophet, whose practical wisdom still shines like a  beacon over the wastes of history, gave the formula, so simple that most of us think it un-  worthy. The multiplication table seems a simple thing, but it  measures the stars. A repeating  decimal is a simple thing, but  it gives us a comprehension of infinity. So the utterance of Micah  is a plain and simple one, but it  contains the seeds of Revolution:  "He hath showed thee O man  what is good; and what doth the  Lord require of thee, but to do  justly, and to love mercy, and to  walk humbly with thy God."  x PROGRESS?  ���������'.' Look at our Progress," says  the after-dinner speaker. "Consider the motor car, the wonders  of the phonograph, the development of the telephone, the advance in railroad practice." This  is not Progress. It is Invention.  The human animal is not made  stronger, wiser or nobler because  there is a barber on the Imperial Limited, or because he can  communicate with a ship at sea,  or because he can hear the voice  of a man in Montreal. Progress  means advance in some definite  direction, towards an ideal not  yet realized and perhaps not capable of realization. Th. Ideal  man should-be strong and wise  ?.nd good. But most of us are  narrow-chested, fairly ignorant  and palpably foolish.  War makes men think. Perhaps  it will induce some of us to look  at past ages with more reverence  and to regard our own with less  conceit. To what end has man  striven to run about the earth  like a mad jack-rabbit? Why  has he discovered the aeroplane  and kept eompany with the fish?  Merely to tyrannize and oppress  and kill more effectively than  ever before in the history of the  world. One may suppose the, inventors of gun-powder boasting  of Progress. Probably the Assyrians who first used the battering ram grew insane with self-  conceit, thinking themselves better than their fathers and immeasurably superior to their  grandfathers.  Here we are in black overcoats  and bowler hats, thinking ourselves godlike because we can  use electric waves in the  ether, although the wisest of us  cannot tell why such waves exist and how they differ from light  waves, and why one form of vibration makes the color Red,  while another form of vibration  makes the tone C sharp. How can  Ave make Progress? Not wholly by art. The Borgias were art  lovers. Not wholly by work. The  gospel of work for work's sake  A NATIONAL BUSINESS  MANAGER  A nation, and particularly a  new nation like Canada, has for  its immediate support very matter-of-fact foundations ��������� Dreamers would say sordid foundations.  Tradition may inspire or weigh  down like lead the habits and  mental processes of the nation,  but Trade is its rea1 and actual  fundament; in its trade figures  are revealed the signs of moral  strength or weakness in the people ; and, though trade is not the  be-all and end-all of a national  existence, it is the sensible basis  for the political, intellectual and  "spiritual" achievements of the  state. The mainspring of Canada 's policy in coming years must  be: how shall we bui'd up trade?  And in considering this question  Sir George Foster, as head of the  Department of Trade and Commerce, has shown first of all a  comprehensive grasp of Canada's  curious economic position; secondly, resourcefulness in finding  ways ol stimulating those economic departments in which stimulation is necessary; and thirdly, in showing the heart and the  will to do great things for Canada. Any politician can sit at  Ottawa and give or withhold  bounties or tariff protection or  lower duties to this or that faction. It takes only common political brains and a thick hide  to deal with the . importunities  of se'f-centred factions who happen to have more or less pull at  election times. But it takes  statesmanship to achieve first  of a conception of Canada as an  economic possibility, and then���������  in spite of short-sighted colleagues���������to hammer away at  practical aids to the country's development. Our system of foreign  trade commissions, our other aids  to exporters and importers, our  development of certain transoceanic _iinjsi of ^communication-^  these and other works of Sir  George show the hand of. a national business-manager.  COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF  CHURCH UNION VOTE  KELP, A COMING INDUSTRY  The importance of this well  known industry is indicated by  the fact, that one of its products is potash, the price of  whieh has mounted Prom $40 a  ton to over $200 a ton. By-products also include chemicals, the  production of which is being encouraged by the government, the  principal source of supply before the -war being Germany.  When the bill goes through a  provincial plant intends to increase its plant from a twelve  ton to a sixty ton daily capacity.  The members of the opposition  object to i any, licence being imposed at all. The minister argues  that the only reason for the licence is the power of regulation  involved in a licence. The government wishes to regulate . the  industry from the start. They do  not know to what extent the  kelp groves could be cut without  interfering in a much larger industry, that of fishing.  The Socialist leader, Mr. Parker Williams, endorses the principle of competition. Mr. Jack  Place announces that he is going  to take his kelp, licence or no  licence.  The following analysis of. the  vote recently taken in the Presbyterian church in Canada will  be specially interesting in view  of the fact that the question will  come up next month at the General Assembly in Winnipeg. The  analysis was made by a prominent Presbyterian in the east  who does not consider that the  vote justifies any further effort  to accomplish the organic union  of the churches.  In 1911 the question of organic union was submitted/to a vote  of the people, the total communicant membership, including 287,-  944 members, 9675 elders and  1297 moderators of sessions, then  numbering 298,916. Of this membership there voted a total of  163,751, 65 per cent., or a little  more than half, and of this total vote 113,000 voted for the  principle of organic union and  50,753 against it.  In 1912 the assembly at Edmonton resolved that "in view  of the extent of the minority  which is not yet convinced that  organic union is the best method  of expressing the unity sincerely desired by all, the assembly  deems it unwise immediately to  proceed to consummate the union, but believes that by further  conference and discussion practically unanimous action can be  secured within a v reasonable  time."  Must Be Decisive  In 1915, after three years of  the "conference and discussion"  thus planned and provided for to  secure "practically unanimous  action," the assembly at Kingston resolved to submit the  question again to the people and  in doing so repeated the finding of the assembly at Edmonton  as to the unwisdom of Agoing  forward with divided opinion,  and the necessity for "practically unanimous action"; and it  was declared on the platform of  the assembly by leaders who  were urging that vote, and was  accepted by the silent assent of  the whole assembly, that unless  the vote were more decisive in  favor of union than the previous  one the matter would be dropped.  The total membership of the  church, including 325,811 members, 11,064 elders and 1447 moderators of sessions, was now 338,-  322, nearly 40,000 more than at  the former vote in 1911. Of this  jnembership there voted a total  of 187,387, an increase of 23,-  636 over the total previogs vote,  but the same proportion of the  total membership, about 55 per  cent., and of this vote 113,557,  practically the same as before,  voted "yes" while 73,830, an increase ���������of 23,077, voted "nay,"  nearly the whole increase in the  total vote being in opposition to  union.  The percentage of. the total  vote for and against organic union, which four years ago was  in the proportion of 69 per cent,  to 31 per cent., is now in the proportion of about 60 per cent, to  40 per cent., a very much less  proportionate vote for union and  a largely increased proportionate  vote against it; thus showing  that the "extent of the minority  which is not yet convinced that  organic union is- the best method  of expressing the unity sincerely  desired by all'' is greatly increased and that the "practically unanimous action" repeatedly  declared necessary by the assembly is very much farther removed.  Further, in this majority are  missions in the United States,  where union can not apply, and  missions among foreigners in  Canada, Finnish, Hungarian, Ruthenian, Indian, Hindu and Chinese, whom the church has tried  to help, but who are scarcely  qualified as yet to decide her destiny.  The church is bisected by the  Great Lakes, with four synods  east, in the older provinces,, and  four synods west, one each in  Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Cohimbia. The  four eastern synods have a communicant membership including  sessions ahd their moderators, of  268,750, over 76 per cent, more  than three-fourths of the total  membership of the church.  Of this membership in these  four eastern synods there voted a  total, of 143,582, more than 56  per cent, of the membership in  those synods, and of. this total  vote, 80,964 voted yea, and 64,-  618 voted nay, a proportion of  about 55 percent, to 45, not far  from an equal division. Further,  the vote against organic union  is largest in the parts of the  church that have done the most  to build up her work, and upon  which the church has always  depended to carry on her missionary operations, and where  there has been the fullest opportunity for the conference and  discussion, recommended by the  assembly.  Vote in the West  The total membership of these  four western synods, including  members, elders and moderators  of sessions, is 79,572, less than  one-fourth of the church and 15,-  000 Jess than in the one eastern  synod of Toronto and Kingston  alone. Of this total membership  in these four western synods,  there voted a total of 41,708,  only 52 per cent., a smaller proportionate ;vote than in any other part of the church.  Of this total vote, 32,494 voted for organic union and 9214 a-  gainst it; while the two synods  of Alberta and British Columbia  show 10,126 for union and 4963  against it, a proportion of 67  per cent, to 33 per cent., a greater proportionate minority than  obtained in the whole church in  1911, which the assembly judged  too large to admit of going forward to union.  Of the 720 congregations voting in those four western synods,  334 are mission fields or groups  Some of these missions are in city  suburbs, and some are among  foreigners, but 300 are home mis  sion fields, or grouped with a total reported vote of 6987, and a  total reported membership last  year of only 6214, an average of  about twenty members each, and  malny of them not originally  Presbyterians.  Apart from these home mission fields, the total membership  of the west is 73,358, and the  total vote of the west 34,721,  jonly---47*i*-per^"cent'r^df^the>',"niM';?  bership showing two things:  1. That more  than nine-tenths  of the reported church memt  ship of the west is in the ci-j  and larger centres, and less tl  one-tenth is reported as being]  the home mission fields, and,  2. That in these Cities and la.  er centres of the west there  ed altogether  only" 47  per ce  or less than one-half of the m<*|  bers.  DOUGLAS FIR IS USEFU1  In the London "Illustrat  News" of January 29 last, tW  appeared a picture of EL  "Simulation," a battleship cc  structed of wood, which, aft  serving various purposes kno\  only to those in charge of navi|  operations, is shown stranded  Mudros, Isle of Lemos, formerlj  the base for naval and militai  operations in connection with th]  Dardanelles. It appears the  the dummy battleship was coi  structed at Belfast, the materis  used being Douglas fir, mainrj  from British Columbia.  WOMEN CONSERVATIVES  COMPLETE ORGANIZATIOl  At a largety attended meeting  at. Conservative headquarter*!  Seymour street on Wednesdaj  night, ladies of Wards II, 113  and VII completed their work oi  organization of a Conservative  club, nominating officers for th<J  ensuing year. Mrs. J. H. Atkins  was elected president, and Mrs  E. C. Gibbons was appointeq  vice-president. The office of sec  retary-treasurer will be filled bj  Mrs. P. W. Pollock. The execul  tive committee will consist o{  two members from each ware  and the following were appoint  ed from Wards II and VV; Mis  Hartney and Mesdames King  Shearer and Fitzsimmons. ThJ  members on this committee froi  Ward III will be appointed *atei  The meeting was called to oil  der by Mr. Charles Over, presi-]  dent   of  Ward II   Conservative  Association, who    outlined    the  work of organization. As soon asl  the   president   was   selected she]  took the chair and conducted the]  meeting. The next meeting of the]  new organization will be held at]  the call of the chair, when the!  executive   committee   will   bring]  in-a report on the work of draft-j  ing  a    constitution.    Mr.    Over]  stated that the Ward II officials!  would willing^ assist the executive  committee in this  work or j  in any   other capacity   and   his]  offer was accepted with thanks.  How would it do for Bryan to deliver' "his"' anti-preparedness speech in  Columbus, New Mexico, where Villa's  band made the raid and killed so  many   Americans?  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money.'' Friday, May 12, 1936.  THE WESTERN CALL  Spring Offerings of Mt. Pleasant's  Most Progressive Merchants  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We .know this -WE'VE TRIED IT OUT. You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL .AND SAVE  MONEY."  HOME TABLE RECIPES  It will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  CAKES AND CAKE-BAKING  In cake-making it is absolutely essential that  the best materials be employed. Stale eggs,  strong butter, musty flour, or common sugar are  not so much as to be. thought of in this connection. -The idea that such refuse "will do for  cooking" is most unworthy. When a luxury,  such as cake, is attempted, the maker should  certainly be willing to luxuriate in acceptable ingredients.  Flour for cake should be white and dry. It  should always be carefully sifted. Sugar should  be white, dry, and free from lumps. Eggs and  butter should be sweet and fresh; the milk rich  ind pure. Fruit and extracts must be of the  best. The weighing and measuring of. ingredients must be accurately done. Guessing at quantities has spoiled many a cake.  -.-'"������������������*���������'*  _/-;.'>'-.*i'ftb������f D^-4^;',.Q!||n;',.  A. Take one cupful of light bread dough, one  egg, sugar and salt to taste, half a teaspoonful  of soda, half a pound of raisins, and, if desired,  a little butter and nutmeg; work all together  very smooth; let the dough rise about half an  hour, and bake as bread.  # *   *     ���������  Soft Molasses Cake  Into one pint of molasses, put one tablespoonful of ginger, one teaspoonful of cinnamon, one  tablespoonful of butter; add one teaspoonful of  soda and two teaspoonfuls cream of, tartar in  one half cupful of milk, one egg, and two and a  half cupfuls of flour.     Bake half an hour.  Ginger Snaps  Mix one pint of flour, one cupful of sugar, a  piece of butter the size of two eggs; three heaping tablespoonfuls of 'ginger and a little salt.  Pour into this two cupfuls of heated molasses.  Add flour enough to make it roll out thin. Bake  three or four minutes.  Cookies  Six cupfuls of flour, two of sugar, one of butter, one of milk, teaspoonful bf soda, flavored  with cinnamon or nutmeg, as you like. Roll thin,  cut With biscuit-cutter, and bake quick.  # #    *  Scotch Wafers  Take one pound of sugar, half a pound of  butter, one pound of flour, two eggs, two teaspoonfuls of cinnamon. Roll thin and bake  quickly.  Cinnamon Cakes  /���������  Take two ounces of butter, a pound of fine,  dry flour, three-quarters of a. pound of sifted  sugar, and a dessertspoonful of pounded cinnamon. Make these ingredients into a firm  paste with three eggs, or four', if. needed.    Roll  it, not very thin, and cut out the cakes with a  tin shape. Bake them in a very gentle oven  from fifteen to twenty minutes, or longer, should  should they not be done quite through.  * *   *  Lemon (Jakes  Lemon cakes can be made on the above recipe  by substituting for the cinnamon the rasped or  grated rinds of two lemons, and the strained  juice of one, when its acidity is not objected to.  * *   * X  Walnut Cates  One pound of sugar, six eggs, three teaspoonfuls  of yeast-powder, half  a pound of  butter,  flour to make a dough, and one cupful of walnut  kernels; bake in a moderate oven.  *, ���������** : .* ��������� *  Cocoanut Cookies  One cupful of butter, two cupfuls of sugar,  two cupfuls of prepared or grated cocoanut, two  eggs, flour enough to make a stiff batter, and one  teaspoonful of soda; drop on buttered paper in  pans.  '���������.-���������.*.##���������',  One, Two, Three, Four Cake  One cupful of butter, two cupfuls of sugar,  three cupfuls of flour, four eggs; rub well together, and add some milk or cream, with one teaspoonful of soda and two teaspoonfuls of cream  of tartar; flavor with grated lemon rind and  juice; bake carefully in a quick oven.  * *    *   .  Washington Oafce  One pound of flour, one pound of sugar, half  a pound of butter, five eggs, one pound of raisins, one cupful of brandy and water,  one teaspoonful of soda, two of cream tartar.  ���������****���������'.  Sponge Cake  .    Five eggs,  half a pound of sugar,  quarter  pound of. flour, juice and rind of half a lemon.  Beat yolke of eggs,  sugar, and lemon together  till light; add half the beaten whites, then half  the flourrthe balance of the whites and "balance  of flour.   Avoid beating after the ingredients are  all together.  #        #v      *  FigOake  One cupful butter, two and a half cupfuls sugar, one cupful of milk, six cupfuls of flour,  three teaspoonfuls baking-powdeV, whites of six  teen eggs, and,, at the last, one and a quarter  pounds of figs, cut and floured. Bake well but do  not burn.  #    #   #  Currant Cake  One cupful of butter, two cupfuls of powdered sugar, four eggs, half, a cupful of sweet milk,  three cupfuls of prepared flour, half a nutmeg  grated, and half a pound of currants washed,  dried, and dredged with flour.  AB. C. PATIENT  AT SHORNCLIFFE  FAMOUS HUNTER  FIGHTING GERMANS  With Sir Eider Haggard, author of  "Allan Quartermain," off to the/Antipodes, the original of Allan Quartermain has departed for Africa to  bear arms for King George against  the Germans remaining on the Dark  Continent.  It was when he was plain Eider  Haggard that ''Allan . Quartermain"  was fed to a rapacious horde, eager  for anything from the pen of the  creator of-' '' She.'' You remem.ber the  story, perhaps, of the mighty hunter  of elephants and his wondrous adventures in Africa���������his part in a native  war, his experience with slavers, and  others of the stirring, incidents which  made the book one not to be laid down  until  finished.  But perhaps you did not know that  an original Allan Quartermain lived,  and still lives. Eider Haggard's  book was inspired by Frederick Cour-  tenay Selous, most famous of the big  game hunters and veteran of several  little wars before this big world mix-  up. He is now in British East Africa   with   a   detachment   of   the Le  gion of Frontiersmen, and a photograph sent to a friend at Worples  den, where he lives when in England, shows him stepping out at the  head of the column as briskly as if  his years numbered a score instead of  close on Co. He is as deadly as ever  with  a  rifle.  Hunter, author, traveller and soldier, F. C. Selous is one of the most  picturesque figures of this age. Ever  since he was 20 years old he has been  hunting big game, chiefly in Africa,  but also in the Rockies and the Yukon,  in Asia Minor and Amatolia���������in fact  wherever there was hazardous sport to  be had.  Over one hundred elephants, probably a record, have fallen to his rifle, and he must have had as many  close   calls   as any   man   living.  On his first expedition, when he was  not yet 21, he wjis lost for several  days and nights in the depth of a  South African winter. He once shot a  charging lion within six feet of him  and at other times he has been tossed, together with his horse, by an enraged buffalo, been all but crushed  by a wounded elephant that actually  knelt   on  him,   and been alone   in the  jungle with a broken collarbone which  he had to set himself.  Lobengula, the fearsome Zulu-chief,  set a price on the head of the original of "Allan Quartermain" and a  hippopotamus once all but got him after it had sunk the canoe in which he  was paddling down  the  Zambesi.  Theodore Roosevelt, who called him  "the last of the mighty hunters," is  one of the keenest admirers of Selous and of the latter's books, which  now number five, his "Hunting Trips  in North America" being one of the  best. It was Selous who planned out  Roosevelt's own hunting trip in South  Africa, though he was not able to  accompany the American leader, as  had been  his intention.  In appearance he is almost fragile  until the close observer notes the  hard-as-nails look that, thanks to long  seasoning in the wild places, with  every muscle braced and every sensr  alert he manages to preserve even  when home.���������Kansas City Star.  There are over a thousand dentists  in the British army. Filling up the  gaps,  no   doubt.  London, j April 19.���������He was lying in  a ward bed in the Queen's Canadian  Military hospital at Beachborough  Park, Shorncliffe, Kent, this big  broad-shouldered son of British Columbia, a member of the famous 7th  of B. C, who came over (as he was  most particular to tell me) with the  First contingent.  Curious how anxious all these splendid, eager, first-volunteers are to have  you know this fact���������and yea, on second thought, it is not curious, perhaps, but only a very natural pride  which surely they have a right to.  But every last one of them has it,  whatever   it is.  He  had  been  wounded  on   November  8th, and though he was  quite as  prostrate as   the   day   good comrades  bore  him to  the  nearest dressing-station,  he was  the cheeriest  fellow  in  the ward that day, not excepting visitors; and   I have   learned,   from   being here and there among them  that  chatting    with     these     incapacitated  warriors is   the best   mental tonic   a  non-combatant can possibly take;  and  that those  who like to give you the  impression   that  by   visiting   the hos-1  pitals  they are   doing something "heroic,  self-sacrificing,    are    the   veriest  [.frauds.   These   .wounded   soldiers  are  the   most   interesting people   in   . the  world just now, and all you have  to  do is to sit still and let them ramble  on.   It is   futile to   ask   them   questions.     This course either has the effect of closing up their lines of communicativeness, or of opening up their  valves   of    humor,    and    they    either  grow afraid, bored, or fearfully amused   at your efforts���������any  of  Which   results are undesirable to obtain.  "Funny the questions some of 'em  ask you," said this B. C. giant to  me, after we had come to friendly  terms. And he chuckled to himself  quietly, before telling me, that one  lady had wanted to know: "Were  you wounded or are you just ill?���������this  to a hero whose legs, beneath the  blankets, were so badly shattered  that only a day or two before had  he been able to dispense with the  "cradle" which protected them from  the weight of the bed-clothes, seemed, to   afford   great amusement.  "I'm just here for a rest," he had  told the sympathetic visitor. "That  elevation of "the quilts is caused by-a  parrot's cage which I keep in there  so as Sister won't find it," and his  hearty laugh at his own little jest  was a delightful thing to hear. The  visiting lady evidently believed the  taradiddle!  I was longing to know his name  and something more about him; but  having learned by sad experience to  beware of the bald questions, got  around it with an adroitness which I  flattered myself would yet make me a  politician, by asking him if there  were anything he would like me to  send him. After refusing tobacco, and  all the other comforts which soldiers  are popularly supposed to be pining  for, he Shyly admitted that he would  like some Vancouver papers ��������� the  Vancouver Province he mentioned specially, and so he had to give me his  address.  "My name's Lagace," he said,  "L-AG-A-C-E" he spelled out, "with  a hyphen over the e," and a merry  twinkle in his blue eye, pleased that  I saw the joke. "Number 428519,  Machine Gun, 7th Battalion." And of  course I knew  the hospital address.  This big m.an, with the boy's.eyes,  was as full of sentiment as a bee with  honey, and like all his tribe, was doing his best to hide the fact. But it  would out. ��������� All I had to do was to  show him a handful of flowers that  the matron had gathered for me in  the lovely old garden���������tucked away  out of sight behind high walls at the  back of the hospital���������to bring a light  into his fact that had not been there  before. As he was unable yet to be  taken to see it, I tried to the best  of my ability to describe the garden  to him, growing enthusiastic, as Canadians cannot help doing, over these  English creations of art and nature.  When I stopped for breath���������having run out of adjectives���������the B. C.  gunner declared with considerable insistence:  "Well, my mother's garden is  pretty hard to beat.'' Following which  I was given a graphic picture of an  adorable    rose-eovered    cottage    near  .LAWN   MOWERS  SHARPENED BIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow.     24������  f*-i   J*       r* "BROADWAY  Grinding Company*    west  SPECIAL  Trimmed Hats $3.45  J^diss J^lcLenagnen  2410 Main Street  Don't  Experiment  Willi New  Cblck feeds  DIAMOND CHIOS FEED Has bMtn  tried if or years and produces fine  healthy chicks.   Made   and sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone Fraser  175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood  153  One-Third OffAV  Easter J^diVinery  Acme Miflineryand Dry Goods  Store  670 Broadway E. Open Evenings  PIKE'S  3 lbs. for $1.00 but worth'morc  SI8 BROADWAY E. (Nest Dairy)  Phone: -fair. 1367  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont ,1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  Mission .Junction, and informed, further, that "Besides, we had the first  wisteria in the Valley." He had been  a "drifter," he confessed, and among  other trips, was one to Japan, from  which he brought back one of these  beautiful vines; and though he would  have liked me to think him an inconsequent wanderer upon the face of  the earth, I could read between the  lines, that he had not forgotten to  bring home something he knew that  dear mother of his would l������ye, partly  because he had brought it, and partly for its own worth.  "My home seems just a memory to  me now,'' said he, wistfully, after we  had talked perhaps a little bit too  long about the -flowers; "and^so "I"left  him, and when I spoke of returning,  and that I would look in and see  him if he were still there, he waved  a cheery hand in farewell, saying, he  would be there at least two months  yet, with as little thought of complaining about the hardness of his  lot, as though he were just visiting  friends during the shooting season, at  their country house, and having the  time of his young life!  AN AMERICAN FLYER  The mere loss of his left leg does  not dampen the military enthusiasm of  Lieut Theodore Marburg, jr., son of  Theodore Marburg, of Baltimore, who  was formerly minister to Belgium,  who accompanied the young lieutenant  and Mrs. Marburg, jr., formerly the  Baroness Gesscllc de Vavario, on their  wedding trip here aboard the American liner St. Louis, just arrived from  Liverpool.  Lieutenant Marburg belongs to the  Royal British Flying Corps, which  does not depend on leg work for its  results. He decided after recovering  from the amputation of his leg that  he would not only marry the baroness,  but also will go back to the front  and see what he could do to help  vanquish the enemies of his Belgian  wife. She   approves his resolution.  Lieutenant Marburg found it impossible to get an artificial leg in  Europe, most of the factories making  them having been utilized for turning  out munitions. Naturally crutches  would be in his way as an active  aviator, but with such a substitute for  iiis missing leg as he can get here he  will have 110 trouble when he returns  to work with his command. The lieutenant was a student at Oxford when  tlie war came, and only 21 years old.  He left the university and took up  aviation, finally joining the flying  cor] is.  While on his way to the German  lines to photograph enemy position his  aeroplane    broke   and    fell.   A    strut  FAIRMONT RENOVATORY  Fair. ' 172 ,        753   B'way   B.  Ladies'   and  Hen's  Suits   Sponged   and   Pressed   50c  Sponge   Cleaning   and   Pressing   75c  French Dry   or   Steam Cleaning   and  Pressing $1.50  pierced his left knee, wounding him  so badly that amputation of tbe leg  was necessary. He met the baroness,  who was a refugee from her native  land, in England. They were married  at  Netley  on April 10.  Lieut. Marburg said he had seen  King Albert and the Queen of the  Belgians about two months ago, and  that the king said he was confident  that his country would regain its independence. The queen said she was  much relieved at having no more court  duties. While they were talking an  equerry came in and said that a German aeroplane was approaching. The  king buckled on his sword and hurried out. Presently he returned and  announced that "the"-German airman-  had been driven off. Lieut. Marburg  said it was conceded by everybody in  authority among the Belgians that  the country had been saved from  starvation by the generosity of America. The lieutenant and his bride will  stay several days at the Plaza before  going to Baltimore.���������New York Sun.  Sergeant Duty  When   we've   loafed beside the   river  on a smiling summer day,  And    have     watched     the    sunbeams  quiver on  the waters far away,  We have thought   we'd   loaf   forever,  that  we'd never work again���������  But   old  Sergeant Duty,   clever,  here  declared he wanted men!  Stiff   and   taut   became   each  spine as  we quickly  toed the line!  And    the   water   of   inaction    was   at  once turned  into wine!  For   the   Sergeant's   voice   will  thrill  you,  AVake you  up or nearly kill you,  Till  he sees you're keeping  step.  Sergeant Duty, you're  a beauty!  Hep!  Hep]  Sergeant  Duty is  a stickler in  the doing  of  a  job���������  Says the  guy as ain't partiekler is a  sloppy kind  o' slob.  But he   don't object   to   resting���������and  he makes it very plain���������  So's  the sparrows  don't  start  nesting  in the   thing you call your   brain,  And    whene'er   the    bugle   calls,    you  must leave  the  idle  balls  And be ready for the muster whatever  else befalls!  See your work and then go  to it!  Get a job to do and  do it!  With a lit of vim and pep!  Sergeant Dut}^,  you're a  beauty!  ���������Pittsburgh Dispatch.  Greece's Problem  Greece   would   like   some convincing  information as   to which   is   really the  worse,   the   devil   or   the   deep sea���������  New York   Sun. - X '  {     I -/,..,.*  -X...  -t'l-rf'i-i^-UMUt"''.���������>*���������;'t-ftrtac  j������iiiivy(^_-i,.'r._^iiC'S^'*^4.';'L:;������������rVi������-'it'V.t.������*ra:i.rifc,fi.'  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, May 12, 1916.  ^  The First Bug-Jargal  (Translated from the French by Aimee, for Western Call)  ���������ii  (Extract   from an   Unpublished   work  entitled  "Stories in The Tent.")  When Captain Delmar's turn came  * * * he mused for a moment, as if  to recall to his memory events which  had long since transpired.. At last he  beg*.n to speak.  Although I was born in France, I  was sent early to San Domingo, to  tho home of one of my uncles, a  very rich colonist, whose daughter I  was   to   marry.  My uncle's residences were. adjacent to Fort Gallifet, and his plan  tations occupied the greater .portion  of the Acul plains. That unfortunate  position, whose details doubtless pos  sess little interest for you, was one  of the primary causes of the disas  ters and total ruin of my family.  Eight hundred negroes cultivated  my uncle's immense domains. I will  confess to you that the unfortunate  condition of these slaves was further  aggravated by their master's insensibility, whose heart had become hardened through a long practice of ab  solute despotism. Accustomed to being  obeyed at first sight, the slightest  hesitation on the part of a slave was  punished by the hardest kinds of  treatment, and often the intercession  of his children served only to in  crease his anger. Me were then ob  liged to limit ourselves to secretly  relieving the hurts which we could  not  prevent.  Amongst that mob of blacks, in  whose* midst I often spent entire days,  l - I noticed a young negro for whom his  ' companions seemed to have, the deepest respect. Although a- slave like  them, a single sign from him sufficed  to command obedience. That young  man was of almost gigantic stature.  His countenance, in-which the characteristic marks of the black race  were less apparent than in those of  the other negroes, presented a mingling of ruggedness and majesty difficult to imagine. His prominent muscles, the breadth of his shoulders and  the vivacity of his movements bespoke extraordinary strength joined to  the greatest suppleness. It was a  frequent occurrence for him to do in  one day, the work of eight or ten of  his comrades in order to screen them  from the punishment meted out to the  negligent and the weary. And so he  was adored by the slaves, cfor whom  the respect, I might even say, the  kind of worship, seemed, however, to  ' spring from another cause. That which  astonished me most of all was seeing  him   as   gentle, as. humbled   towards  those who gloried in obeying him as  he was proud and haughty towards our  commanders.   Speaking justly,     those  privileged slaves,, joining to  the baseness of their natures the insolence of  their    authority,  found    a    malicious  pleasure   in  overwhelming him   "with  work and   insults.   However none   of  them ever dared to inflict humiliating  punishments  upon  him.  If  they hap  pened   to   condemn  him, twenty   negroes rose to suffer in his place; and  he would be a calm witness  of their  punishment, as if they were only doing their   duty.   This singular     man  was known in the negroes' huts under  the name  of de Pierrot.  You may" well believe, gentlemen,  that it was a long time before I understood this character, some of  whose traits I have just described to  you. Today even^ when fifteen years'  events would ordinarily have effaced  the memory of the negro, I realize  that nothing so noble and so .original  ~~~~~"amongst men has yet come to my  notice.  I had been forbidden all communication with Pierrot. I was seventeen when I spoke to him for the  first   time.  I was taking a walk with my uncle  around his vast possessions. . The  slaves, trembling in his presence, redoubled their exertions and activity.  Irascible . through* habit, my uncle  was ready to get angry without occasion, when he suddenly perceived a  black who, overwhelmed with weariness, had fallen asleep under a thicket  of date trees. He ran to the unfortunate; fellow, wakened him in a  rough manner, and ordered him to resume his work. The frightened negro rose, and discovered on rising, a  rare plant ��������� on which he had been  lying inadvertently and which my uncle had been taking a delight in  raising. The plant was lost. The  ' master,   already   vexed    at   what  he  called the slave's Idleness, became  furious at that sight. Beside himself,  he darted upon the axe which the  negro had left on the ground, and  raised his arm to strike him. The axe  did not fall. I will never forget that  moment. A powerful hand arrested  the colonist's hand. A black of a  colossal stature cried to him in  French: Kill me, for I have just  given you offence; but respect the  life of my brother who has only  touched your randia. These words, far  from making my uncle feel ashamed  increased his rage. I don't know  what he might have done if I had  . not, at the very first moment, thrown  the axe over the hedge. I entreated  him in vain. The negligent negro waa  bastinadoed and his defender plunged into the dungeons of Fort Gulli-  fet as guilty of having raised his  hand against  a white man.  Although very young, as nephew of  one of the richest colonists of the  Cape, I was captain of the militia of  the parish of Acul. Fort Gallifet was  entrusted tp their custody and to a  detachment      of    swarthy      dragoons  *-iXfexXX���������' --X.x  .mJjWlJAMWJi. '.���������". X  whose chief, who was ordinarily a  sub-officer of this company, had command of the fort. It happened very  a propos at this juncture that this  commander was. the son of a poor  colonist to whom I had had the good  fortune to render three great services and who was wholly devoted to  me.  His name was Thadeus?  Sou will easily conclude that it was  not hard for me to obtain the entry'  to the negro's dungeon. I had the  right to visit the fort as captain of  the militia. However, to avoid raising my uncle's suspicious, I took care  to go there only when he was taking his after-dinner nap. All the soldiers, excepting those on guard had  fallen asleep. Guided by Thaddeus, 1  arrived at the dungeon door; Thaddeus, opened it and, withdrew. I entered. The negro was sitting down,  for he could not stand up on account of his height. He was not  alone; an enormous mastiff rose  growling and advanced towards me.  Bask! cried .the negro. The young  mastiff was silent and returned to lie  at his master's  feet.  I was in uniform, the light which  the airhole in this narrow dungeon  admitted was so feeble that Pierrot  did  not  recognize me.  "I am ready," he said to me in  a calm tone.  On finishing these words, he half  rose. "I am ready," he repeated  again.  "I thought," said I, surprised at  the freedom of his movements." I  thought that you were in chains."  He pushed with his foot some rubbish which   clanked.  c   "I.have broken them."  There was something in the tone  with which he pronounced these  last words which seemed to say: "I  am not made to wear chains. I resumed:  "I was not told .that a dog was  left with you."  "I got him in myself." ���������  I was more and more astonished.  The door of the dungeon was closed  from without with a triple bolt. The  air-hole was scarcely six inches wide,  and was furnished with two iron  bars. It appears that he grasped the  trend of my thoughts; he rose, loos.-  ened, without .any effort, an enormous stone which was placed underneath the air-hole, raised the two  bars whieh were made fast from  without by that stone, and made  thus an opening through which two  xnen could easily have passed. That  opening was on a level with the forest of date-trees, and cocoa-trees  which covers the hillock against  which the fort rested.  The dog, seeing the loophole opened, thought that his master wanted  him to go out He rose, ready to  depart; a sign irom the black sent  him nack to his place.   V ���������*���������  Surprise rendered me mute. The  black recognized me in broad daylight but he did not give any signs  of doing so.  "I can live two days longer without eating," he said. I made a gesture of horror. I then noticed how  thin   the  prisoner   was. He   added:  "My dog will only eat out of my  hand; if I had not been able to  widen this hole, poor Bask would  have died of hunger. It is better that  it should be I than he, since I have  to  die   anyway.  XJJSo," ���������L *ried,_.i'no^..yon_shall not  die of hunger." He did not understand   me.  "There is no doubt," he answered, smiling bitterly, "that I could  have lived two days longer without  eating, but * * * I am ready, officer.  Today will be still better than tomorrow. Don't hurt Bask.  I understood then what he meant  by his "I am ready.'' Accused of a  capital crime, he thought that I had  come to lead him out to die; and  that colossal man, with all the avenues of flight open to him, gentle  and tranquil as a child, was saying:   "I  am  ready."  "Don't do Eask any harm!" he  repeated again.  I could not contain myself.  "What!" said I to him, "not  only do you take me for a hangman, but you are doubtful of my  humanity towards  a  poor animal!"  His manner softened, his voice  changed.  "White," said he, holding out his  hand to me, "white, pardon me; I  love my dog. And, he added, after a  short silence, "and your people have  treated me badly!"  I pressed his hand, I undeceived  him. "Didn't you know me?" said I.  I knew that you were a white man,  and to white men, however kind, a  black man doesn't count much! Yet I  come of a rank which is not inferior  to yours," he added proudly.  My curiosity was excited; I urged  him to tell me who he was and what  sufferings, he had undergone. He  maintained  a   gloomy silence.  My advance had moved him; my  offers of service, my entreaties overcame his indifference to life. He went  out and brought some dates and an  enormous cocoanut. Then he closed up  the opening and began to eat. While  conversing with him. I noticed that  he spoke French and Spanish fluently,  and did not sem devoid, of education.  That man was vso astonishing in so  many other ways that until then the  purity of his language had not struck  me.      I    tried    anew  to    learn    the  cause of it; he was silent. At last I  left him, enjoining my faithful Thadeus to give him every attention and  every possible   care.  I saw him every day at the same  hour. His case made me uneasy; in  spite of my entreaties my uncle persisted in prosecuting him. I did not  conceal my fears from Pierrot; he  heard  me  with indifference.  Rask often came in whilst we were  together, bringing a large palm leaf  around his neck. The black would  take it off, read some large characters which were traced there, then  tear it up. I never asked him any  questions.  One day I entered without his appearing to notice me. He had his  back to the door of his dungeon and  was singing, in a melancholy tone,  the Spanish air: "Yo que soy contra-  bandista." When he had finished, he  turned turned abruptly towards me  and exclaimed:  "Brother, promise, if ever you  feel doubtful about me, to dispel your  suspicions when you hear me singing that air."  He looked at me beseechingly;. I  promised him what he desired. He  took the nutshell which he had gathered the day of my first visit and  kept ever since, filled it with wine,  invited me to touch my lips to it and  emptied it in one draught. From  that day he did not call me anything  but   brother.  Meanwhile 1 began to entertain  some hope. My uncle was not so  angry. I pointed out to him one  day that Pierrot was the most active  of his slaves, that ho did the work  of ten others, and that, after all, he  only wanted to prevent his master  tron committing a crime. He listened  to me and gave me to understand  that _he would not follow up his  charge. I said nothing to the black  of the change in my uncle, wishing  to have the pleasure of announcing  to him his liberty outright, if I obtained it. What astonished me was  to see how, believing himself condemned to death, he did not take advantage of any of the means within  his power for escaping. 'II must  stay," ,he answered coldly. "I might  be thought, a  coward."  My uncle withdrew his accusation.  I ran to the fort to announce it to  Pierrot.  Thadeus, learning of his freedom,  went to the prison with me. He was  no longer there... Bask, who was  there alone, came up to me in a  fawning manner; around his neck was  tied a palm-leaf; I took it and read  these words: "Thanks! You have  saved my life; don't forget your promise. ".   * '���������  Thadeus was even' more surprised  than I; he did not know the secret  of the air hole and thought the negro had changed himself into a dog.  I let him think what he liked, contenting myself with exacting from  him silence as to what be had seen.  I tried to" lead Bask away. On  leaving the fort, he plunged into the  neighboring hedges, and disappeared.  My' uncle was furious -over the  escape of his slave; lie ordered a  search which following events rendered   useless.  Three days after Pierrot's singular flight, it was the famous night  of August 21st to 22nd, 1791, I was  walking dreamily about near the batteries of Acul Bay, whose station I  had just visited, when I perceived a  reddish light rising against the horizon and spreading in the direction of  the plains of Limbe. The soldiers and  I attributed it to an accidental conflagration, but in a moment the  flames became so bright, the smoke  carried by the wind, increased and  became so thick that I at once set  out-for the" fort- to give1 tke^alarm  and send help. In passing the huts  of the negroes I was surprised at the^  strange agitation which reigned there;  most of them were still awake and  were talking with great animation. I  went through a grove of mangroves  in which was a bundle of axes and  pickaxes. I caught some words of  which the sense seemed to be that  the slaves of Limbe plains were in  full revolt, and were consigning to  flames the dwellings and plantations  situated ,on the other side of the  Cape. Justly uneasy, I had the militia of Acul put under arms at once,  and I ordered the slaves tp be watched.   Everything became   quiet again.  Meantime the ravages in the Limbe  seemed to be increasing. We even  thought we could hear the distant  sound of artillery firing. Towards two  o'clock in the morning, not being able  to contain myself, I left at Acul half  of the militia under the lieutenant's  orders, and, in spite of-the opposition  of my uncle and the entreaties of his  family, I set out for the Cape with  the rest.  I will never forget the appearance  of that town on approaching it. Bewildered by the cannon of the fortress, the shouts of the fugitives and  the din of the Work of demolishing,  I did not know which wfcy to lead  my soldiers, when I met at the  stronghold the captain of the yellow  dragoons, who acted as guide to us.  All that we could do, aided by the  yellow militia and that of the red  dragoons, was to drive out the rebels  from the Petite-Anse where they  were beginning to establish themselves. They left there some traces of  their cruelty; all the whites had been  massacred or mutilated in a most barbarous manner. We threw into the fort  of Petite-Anse quite a numerous garrison, and, at six o'clock ��������� in - the  morning, we returned to the Cape,  blackened with smoke, and overcome  with heat and fatigue. I had stretched myself out on my cloak, in the middle of the stronghold, hoping to  snatch a   little   rest,  when   I   saw   a  yellow dragoon, covered with dust  and perspiration, running up to me at  full speed. I got up at once, and  from the, few broken words which  escaped him, I learned with new consternation that the revolt had reached the plains of Acul' and that the  blacks were besieging fort Gallifet, in  which the militia and the colonists  were confined. There was not a moment to lose. I ordered horses for  my soldiers who iwished to follow me,  a.nd, guided by the dragoon, I came  within   sight  of   the fort   at     seven  0 'clock. My uncle's domains "had  been laid waste by fire like those at  Limbe. The white flag was still floating over the keep of the fortress; a  moment afterwards, that building was  completely enveloped in an eddy of  smoke, which, growing brighter^  showed it surmounted by the red flag.  All was over.  We redoubled our speed; we were  soon on the field of slaughter. The  blacks fled at our approach; but we  saw them distinctly, right and left,  massacring the white people and setting fire to their dwellings. Thadeus, covered with wounds, came up  to me; he recognized me in the midst  of the tumult. "Captain," he said to  me, "your Pierrot is a sorcerer or at  least   a   devil;   he got   into   the fort,  1 don't know how, and behold! As to  your uncle and his family." * * *  At that moment a tall black came out  from behind a burning sugar-house  carrying an old man who was shouting and struggling in his arms. The  old man was my uncle, the black was  Pierrot. "Wretch!" I exclaimed. I  pointed my pistol at him; a slave  threw himself in front of the bullet  and fell dead. Pierrot turned^ around  and seemed to speak some words to  ���������me, then he became lost in the  clumps of burning cane. A moment afterwards, an enormous* dog followed  him, carrying in his mouth a cradle  which I recognized as that of my  uncle's last son. The dog ������was Bask,  Transported with rage, I fired my  second pistol at him, but I missed  him.  Meanwhile the fire coqtinued its  ravages; the blacks, whose number  the smoke hid from view, seemed to  have withdrawn. We were forced to  return   to  the   Cape.  I was agreeably surprised to find  there my uncle's family; they owed  their safety to the escort given by a  negro in the midst of the carnage.  My uncle alone and his youngest son  were missing. I did not doubt that  Pierrot had sacrificed them to his  revenge. I remembered a thousand incidents whose mystery seemed inexplicable, and I totally forgot my promise.  . We fortified the Cape at once. The  insurrection was making terrible headway; the negroes of Port-au-Prince  were beginning to get uneasy; Bias-  son was in command of those' at  Limbe, Dondon and Acul; Jean-Francos was proclaimed generalissimo of  the insurgents of Maribaron plain;  Bouckmant, famous through his* tragic  death, was crossing the plains of Lim-  onade with his brigands; and last of  all the bands of Morne-Rouge had recognized as chief a negro called Bug-  Jargal. The character of the latter, if  we may believe accounts, contrasted  singularly with the ferocity of the  others. Whilst Bouckmant and Bias-  son invented a thousand kinds of  death for the prisoners who fell into  their hands; Bug-Jargal was eager to  furnish them with means .of leaving  the island. The former made bargains with Spanish launchers who  were cruising along tne coasts for  the purpose of enriching themselves  with the spoils of the unfortunates  who were forced to flee; Bug-Jargal  foundered several of these corsairs.  MxGolas de"Maigne and eight" other-  distinguished colonists were freed, at  his orders, from the wheel to which  Bouckmant had had them bound. People were citing a thousand other acts  of generosity of, his which would take  too long to recount.  I heard no more; of Pierrot. The  rebels, commanded by Biasson, continued to disturb the Cape; the governor made up his mind to drive  them back to the interior of the island. The militias of Acul, Limbe,  Onanaminte and Maribaron, joined by  the Cape regiment and the formidable  yellow and red companies, constituted  our active army. The militias of  Dondon and of the Quarter-Dauphin,  reinforced by a body of volunteers,  under the' command of the merchant  Poncignon, formed the town garrison.  The general wisher first of all to  get rid of Bug-Jargal, whose diversions alarmed him; he sent against  him the militias of Onanaminte and a  battalion from the Cape. That body  returned two days afterwards completely beaten. The general ordered  the same body to set out again with  a reinforcement of fifty yellow dragoons and four hundred soldiers from  Maribaron. This second army was  still worse abused than the first. Thadeus, who went with that expedition,  was seized with a violent fit of revenge and' swore to me in his turn  that he would avenge himself on  Bug-Jargal. ���������   -     .  News came that Bug-Jargal had  left Mome-Eouge and was leading his  troops through the mountains to join  Biasson. The general jumped for joy.  "We will get them!" he said, rubbing his hands together. The next  day, the colonial army wa3 stationed a league in front of the Cape, the  insurgents,'at our approach, hurriedly abandoned Port-Margot and Fort  Gallifet. All the troops retreated to:  wards the mountains. The general was  triumphant. We   continued   our  march.  On the evening of the third day we  entered   the defiles of   Grand    Biver.  We   calculated   that   the   blacks were  (Continued on page 7)  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office .*W  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  -PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR 1140       203 KINGSWAY r*04wn n*w t&n*t; we*������:i������*n������pV%"<WJt'**������fP,3iTI  ���������Jiww������=^wfi^ir^'������^*������^  Friday, May 12, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  THE FIEST BUG-JABGA1  (Continued froni'page 6)  twenty leagues in the mountains.  The sun son ceased to gild the  sharp peaks of the distant mountains  of the Treille. Little by little darkle ness spread oyer the camp, and the  silence was only broken by the. cries  of the crane and the measured steps  of the sentinels.r  Suddenly the terrible song of Oua-  Nasse was heard above our heads;'  the palm-trees and the cedars which  crowned the rocks took fire, and the  livid brightness of the conflagration  revealed to us on the neighboring  summits, numerous bands of mulat-  toes whose copper-colored complexions  looked red in the light of the  flames. They were Biassou's men. The  danger was imminent. The chiefs, wakening with a start, ran to get their  soldiers together, the trumpet sounded the alarm, and our lines were  formed amidst confusion. But the  blacks, instead of taking advantage  of our disorder, watched us, motionless, singing Oua-Nasse.  A gigantic black appeared alone on  the highest peak above Grand River.  A plume of fiery color waved over his  brow, an axe was in his right hand,  a flag in his left hand. I recognized Pierrot. If a rifle had been within my reach, rage would perhaps  have made me commit a cowardly act.  The black repeated the refrain of  Oua-Nasse, planted his flag on the  peak, threw his axe into our midst  and became swallowed up ita the  waves  of  the  river.  Then the blacks began to roll over  our columns enormous blocks of  rocks; a hail of bullets and arrows  fell over the hillock. Our soldiers,  furious at not being able to reach  the assailants, died in despair, crushed by rocks or pierced by arrows. A  horrible confusion reigned throughout  the army. Suddenly a terrible noise  seemed to issue from the middle of  ,.Grand River; an extraordinary scene  took place there. The yellow dragoons, horribly injured by the debris  which tne mulattoes were pushing  from the top of the mountains, conceived the idea'of taking refuge in  order to escape it, under the flexible  arches of creepers with which the  river was covered. Thadeus was the  first to bring forward this means, ingenious   moreover.  And behold   all   the dragoons,     the  devils,   rushing about pell-mell   under  the   creepers.   They were   the   blacks  from   Morne-Rouge, who' had   hidden  themselves there,  without  being   suspected, probably to fall on our backs,  like an   overloaded   sack the  moment  afterwards. There was. fighting, swearing,  screaming.  Being   disrobed,  they  wer,e more   agile than   we;   but   our  blows were  better aimed  than theirs.  We were swimming with one arm, and  .fighting   with .the   other,   as   is   always done in such cases.   Those  who  couldn't  swim,  captain, were hanging  with   one   hand   to the creepers,   and  the blacks were dragging them by .the  legs.   In   the midst   of the  tumult, I  saw   a   tall   negro defending himself  like a Beelzebub against eight or ten  of my comrades; I swam there,    and  I recognized Pierrot, otherwise  called  Bug.      Since  the  taking  of  the   fort  we had been at variance; I seized him  . by  the throat.  He  was about  to rid  himself   of  me  with   a   sword  thrust,  when    he  looked    at    me.   Then,   instead   of  killing me,   he surrendered.  Which    was    very   unfortunate,    captain, for if he had not yielded * *  *  In short,  as soon  aB the negroes  saw  him   captured, they  leaped   on   us   to  free him   So  that  the soldiers    were  also going to jump into the water to  help  us, when  Pierrot,  seeing,  doubtless   that the   negroes   would   all   be  _ massacred,=.saida-few wordsJin.a language  of   the  genuine   conjuring-book  order, since he put them all to flight.  They plunged  and   disappeared in the  twinkling of an eye. This battle under  water would have been rather engaging   if   I had   not lost a   finger   and  moistened ten cartridges, and if * *������������������������������������*���������  The captain proceeded:  Whilst the scene which Thadeus has  just described   was   taking   place behind    the    hillock^. I   had   succeeded,  with   some   of   my men, in   climbing  from brush to brush, to a peak called  the   peak   of Paon, on a   level   with  the   position of the   blacks.   The   way  once   grazed,   the   summit   was  soon  covered   with   soldiers;   we   began  a  lively fusilade. The   negroes,   not   so  well armed as we were, could not reply to us as warmly; they began to  get discouraged; we redoubled our  fury, and soon the nearest rocks were  evacuated by the rebels, who, however, took care first of all to roll tho  bodies of their dead up to the rest  of the army, who were still drawn up  on the hillock. With the help of  several    palm-tree    trunks   whieh   we  . cut down   and   bound   together,     we  passed over the abandoned peaks, and  . a part of the army found itself thus  advantageously stationed. That sight  shook the courage of the insurgents.  We did not cease firing. Shouts of  lamentation in which was mingled the  name of Bug-Jargal, resounded suddenly through Biassou's army. A great  terror became manifest. Several  blacks of Morne-Rouge appeared on  the rock from which floated the scarlet flag; they prostrated themselves,  carried off the standard and rushed  with, it into the abysses of Grand  River. That signified clearly that  their chief was   dead or  captured.  Our audacity had increased to such  a point that I resolved tordrive, with  side arms, the, rebels from the rocks  which they still covered. I had a  bridge of trunks thrown between  our peak and the nearest peak. I  rushed first into the midst of the  negroes. My men were about to follow    me    when   one    of    the    rebels,  bridge fly into a thousand pieces.  The ruins fell into the abyss, striking the rocks with a terrible noise.  I. turned my head; at that moment  I felt myself seized by six or seven  blacks, who disarmed me.  I struggled like a lion; they  bound me with cords of bark, paying  no attention to the bullets which my  men were showering around them.  My despair was only mitigated by  the shouts of victory wihch I heard  uttered around me a moment after1  wards. I soon saw the blacks and  mulattoes climbing, pell-mell, up the  steepest summits, uttering cries of  distress. My captors imitated them;  the most vigorous one among them took  me on his shoulders, and carried me  off towards the forests, leaping from  rock to rock with the agility of a  wild goat. The light of the flames  soon ceased to-guide him; the feeble  light of the moon sufficed him.  After having crossed the thickets  and leaped over torrents, we arrived  in a valley situated in the midst of  the mountains; that .place was absolutely unknown to me. A great part  of-, the rebels were already assembled  there; that was where their camp  was. The black who had carried  me unbound my feet, and handed me  over to the custody of some of his  comrades who surrounded me. Daylight began to appear. The black  returned with some negro soldiers,  pretty well armed, who took possession of me. I thought that they  were leading me to death, and I prepared myself to undergo it bravely.  They led me towards a grotto lighted by the first rays of the rising sun.  We entered.  Between two rows of mulatto soldiers I perceived a black sitting on  :t iKrone of Tarbab, upholstered with  parrot feathers. His uniform was  odd. A magnificent girdle, from which  hung a cross of Saint Louis, served to  hold up striped trousers of coarse  cloth, which formed his single garment. He wore grey boots, a round  hat, shoulder-pieces, one of which  was gold and the other of blue wool.  A sword and pistols of great value  completed his outfit. ..This man was  of medium height; his ignoble countenance presented a singular mixture  of cunning and cruelty. He made me  draw near, and gazed at me for some  time in silence. At last he began to  sneer.  "I am Biassou," said he tome.  At that name I trembled inwardly  but my face remained calm and  haughty. I made no answer. He  assumed a mocking air.  "You appear to me to be  a brave  man," he said, in bad French. "Well!  listen to   what   I   am   going to   say  to  you.   Are you  a creolef".  "No. I  am  a, Frenchman.'** .X  My assurance caused him to frown.  He resumed,, sneering:  "So much the better! I see by your  uniform that you are an officer. How  old   are   you?"  "Seventeen  years!"  "When   did  you  attain them?"  "On the   day On   which your companion Leogri was hanged."  Anger contracted his features; he  contained   himself.  "It is twenty days since Leogri  was hanged," he said to me; "Frenchman, you will tell him this evening,  from me, that you have lived twenty-  one days longer than him. Meanwhile, choose whether you will be  kept a prisoner within sight or whether you will give your word of  honor that you will be here this  evening two hours before sunset to  carry my message to Leogri. You  are French, are you not?"  I was almost grateful for the  few hours' liberty which he was still  allowing me__ out ^of a _ spirit^of ^subtle  cruelty in order to make me regret  life more. I gave him my word that  I would do what he asked. He gave  orders to unbind me and leave me  entirely   free.  Sworn to certain death, I conceiv-c  ed the idea of climbing on a high  rock.  I sat down, and a thousand painful  thoughts followed one another tumultously in my mind. I was like the  traveller who, drawn by an irresistible inclination towards the precipice  which was to engulf him, was casting  a last look t at the fields which he had  traversed and at those which he was  hoping to traverse.  I thought of Pierrot, of those days  of youth and innocence when my heart  expanded to the gentle warmth of  friendship; but the thought of the  slave's treason made my blighted  heart bleed; embittered by misfortune  I cursed the wretch whom I blamed  for its cause; the very certainty that  he  was dead did  not  calm  me.  At that moment, a well-known air  struck  my ears.    I started  on  hearing  tne although I am more to be pitied  than you.  A gesture of my hand pointed out  the spot where our estates and plantations lay burned. He understood  that mute reproach.  He looked at me in a dreamy man-  have   lost   much;   but,  "It was  Listen;  ��������� I  ner.  '' Yes,   you  believe   me,   I   have lost   more   than  you.   '''":.  I resumed indignantly.  "Yes, I have lost a great deal; but,  tell me, who made me lose it? Who  pillaged our houses, who, burned our  harvests, who massacred our friends,  our compatriots?"  not  I,  it was  my people.  told   you   one   day that  your people had done me a great deal  of injury, you told me it was not you;  what have I done then?"  His countenance brightened; he. expected to see me fall into his arms.  I was silent.- ^  "May I call you brother?" he asked in a moved tone.  My anger returned with full vio-;  lence. "Ingrate!" I exclaimed, "do  you dare to recall those days?"  Large tears rolled from his eyes;  he interrupted  me.  "It is not I who am an ingrate.''  "Well! speak!" I resumed furiously, what have you done with my  uncle?      Where  is his  son?"  He was silent a moment.  '?Yes, you suspect me," said he at  last, shaking his head; "it was difficult for me to believe you. You  take me for a brigand, an assassin,  an ingrate. Your uncle is living, his  child, too. You do hot know why I  come.   Farewell.   Come,   Rask."  Rask rose. The black, before  leaving me, stopped and cast at me a  look   of grief  and regret.  That extraordinary man, by those  last words, had just worked a revolution in me; I trembled lest I had  judged him too lightly. I do not yet  understand it. Everything about him  astonished me; I had believed him  dead, and he was  before me, radiat  just died beneath ^the blows of a  white man. The others had preceded  him. '-���������-.-������������������  He stopped short, and asked me  coldly:  "Brother, what would you have  done?"  This deplorable tale had frozen me  with horror; I answered his question  with a threatening gesture. He " a-  derstood me and began to smile sadly;  he continued:  "The slaves revolted against their  master and punished hint for the murder of my children. They elected me  chief. You know the unfortunate  victims of that rebellion. I learned  that your uncle's family were to be  treated in the same manner. I arrived in Acul the very night of the  insurrection. You were absent. The  blacks were already setting fire to  his plantations. Not being able to  appease their rage, because they  thought to avenge me by. burning  your uncle's estates, I determined to  at least save your family. I penetrated into the fort through the  opening which I had contrived there,  and I entrusted your relatives to the  care of some faithful negroes, charging them to escort them to the Cape.  Your uncle could not follow them; he  had run to his house to extricate his  youngest son. Some blacks surrounded him; they were going to kill him.  I appeared and ordered them to let  me avenge myself; they withdrew,  I took your uncle in my arms, I entrusted the child to Bask, and I placed both in an isolated cavern known  to . me alone. Brother, that is my  crime."  Penetrated with remorse and gratitude, I wanted to throw myself at  Pierrot's feet; he stopped me with  an offended   air.  "Come," he said a moment afterwards, taking  my  hand.  I asked him with surprise where he  wanted to take me-  "To the camp of the white men,"  he answered. "We haven't a moment  to lose;  ten heads are  answer  ing vigor and health. If my uncle and- ing for mine. We can hasten, for you  a manly voice singing: "Yo que soy  contrabandist.-* (I who am a contrabandist). That voice was Pierrot's. A  dog came anil rolled at my feet; it  was Rask. I thought I was dreaming. The ardor. of revenge transported me; surprise rendered me motionless. A thick copse half opened,  Pierrot appeared. His face was joyous, he stretched his arms out to  me. I turned away with horror. At  that sight, his head fell on  his  chest.  "Brother," he murmured in a low  voice, "brother, tell me have you  forgotten   your promise?"  Anger restored' my speech.  "Monster!" I exclaimed, "hangman, murderer of my uncle, do you  dare to call me brother? Stop! don't  come near me."  I involuntarily put my hand to my  side to get my sword. That movement struck him. He assumed a manner moved but gentle.  "No,"   he said,  approach.  You   are  "no,   I   will not  unfortunate.  his son were living. I perceived the  force of those words: It is not! whom  am an ingrate.  I raised my eyes, he was still there;  his dog watched us both with an uneasy air. Pierrot heaved a long sigh,  and at last took a few steps towards the copse.  "Stay," I cried with effort.  "Stay."  He. stopped, looking at me in an  undecided manner.  "Will   I   see my  uncle   again?"   I  asked him in a feeble voice.  His countenance ������������������ became gloomy.   '  "You doubt me," said he, moving  forward to  retire.  "No," I exclaimed then, subjugated  by the ascendency of that strange  man, '' no, you are always my brother, my friend, I don't doubt you. I  thank you for having allowed my  uncle to   live."  His face maintained an expression bf austerity which surprised me;  he appeared to be having a violent  struggle with himself; he advanced a  step towards me and retreated; he  opened his mouth and was silent.  That moment was of short duration,  he- threw himself into my arms.  '' Brother, I trust you."  He added after a slight pause:  "You are good, but misfortune made  you   unjust.''  'I have found my friend again,"  said I to him, "I am no longer unfortunate.'  "Brother, you are .still so; soon,  perhaps, you will no longer be so; as  for me, I will be so always."  The joy which the first transports  of friendship had caused to illuminate.his countenance^vanished. His  features took an expression of singular   and   vigorous   sadness.  "Listen," said he to me, in a cold  tone, "My father was king" of the  country of Gamboa. Some Europeans  came, who imported to me that trifling knowledge which has struck you.  Their chief was a Spanish captain;  he promised my father estates vaster  than those he possessed and white  wives; my father followed him with  his   family.   Brother, they   sold us."  The black's chest swelled, his eyes  flashed; he mechanically broke a  young papaw-tree which was near  him; then he continued without seeming to   address me:  "The master of the country of  Gamboa had a master, and his son  bent, as a slave, over the furrows  of San Domingo. They separated the  , young lion from his old father in  order t' subdue them more easily.  They . ried tho young wife away  fro'm her husband in order to derive  more profit by uniting them to others. The little children looked for  the mother who nourished them, for  the father who had bathed them in  the swift streams! they found only  barbarous tyrants, and slept with the  dogs."  He was silent; his lips moved without any words being spoken, his gaze  was fixed and wild. At last he seized  my arm abruptly.  "Brother, do you hear? I was sold  to different masters like a head of  cattle. You remember the punishment of-Oge. That day I saw my father again; he was on the wheel. My  wife was prostituted by white men;  listen, brother, she is dead, and asked  me to revenge her. /  I shuddered; he added:  "My people were urging me to deliver them and avenge myself. Rask  brought their messages to me. I  could not gratify them, I was myself in your uncle's dungeon. The  day on which you obtained my pardon, I set out to snatch my childrea  out of the hands of a ferocious master.       I   arrived.  Brother    the     last  are  free;  we must because  I am not  free.  These words increased my astonishment; I demanded an explanation.',  "Didn't you hear that Bug-Jargal was a prisoner?" he asked impatiently.  "Yes, but what have you in common with Bug-Jargal?"  He  seemed  astonished  in  his  turn.  "I am Bug-Jargal," he said gravely.  "They told me," he resumed, "that  you were a prisoner in Biassou's  camp;  I came to liberate you."   .'���������..  "Why did you-tell me just now  that  you were  not  free?"  He loked at me as if trying to  guess what led up to that quite  natural   question,'  '' Listen," he said; *' This morning,  I was a prisoner amongst your  people. I heard it announced in  camp that Biassou had declared his  intention of putting to death, before  sunset, a young captive called Del-  mar. They reinforced the guards  around ��������� me. I learned that my execution would follow yours. In case  of escape, ten of my comrades were  to answer\for me. You see I am in a  hurry."  I held him  back still.  "You have escaped then?" said I  to him.  "And how else, would I be here?  Wasn't it necessary to save you?  Don't I owe you my life?"  "Did you speak to Biassou?" asked I. .  He pointed to his dog lying at his  feet.  "No, Rask led me here. I saw with  j������3L JthaXyj?n ~W3ie\ju_fL_.._a���������_.p__i!Lojier..  Follow me now, Biassou is treacherous; If I had spoken to him he  would have seized you and forced me  to stay. He is not a black. He is a  mulatto. Brother,   time   presses."  "Bug-Jargal," said I to him, holding out my hand to him, "return to  camp alone, for I cannot follow you."  He stopped; a grievous astonishment was depicted on his features.  "Brother, what  do you mean?"  "I, too, am a prisoner. I pledged  my word to Biassou not to escape;  I have promised to die."  He was pensive, and did not seem  to hear me. He pointed to a peak  whose summit dominated all the surrounding country.  "Brother,  see  that rock.  When the  with   a   blow,, of an   axe,   made the pity you. As for you, you do not pity grandson  of the king of Gamboa had  signal for your death appears, the  report of mine will not be long in  being heard. Farewell."  He plunged into the copse and dis-.  appeared with his dog. I remained  alone. The sense of his last words  were inexplicable to me * * * However, the lengthening shadows of the  palm-trees warned me that it was  time to  return to  Biassou.  When I entered the chief's grotto,  he was busy trying the springs of  some instruments of torture with  which he was surrounded. At the  noise his guards made ushering me in,  he turned around. My presence did  not  appear  to  astonish him.  "Do you see?" he said, pointing  to the horrible apparatus, which surrounded him.  I remained calm. I was aware of  his cruelty and I was determined to  endure   everything  without, flinching.  "Wasn't Leogri very fortunate?"  he said, sneering, "in being hanged  only?"  I looked at him without answering,   with   a cold  disdain.  "Ah! ah!" said he, pushing the  instruments of torture with his foot,  '.'it seems tb me you are familiar  with that. Lam grieved at it; but  I warn you that I have not time to  try them on you. This position is  dangerous;  I must leave it."  He began  to   snicker, and   pointed  to a great black flag placed in a corner of the grotto.  " That will warn your people \,of  the moment when they can give your  epaulet to your lieutenant. You per-  ceive that at this moment I must resume our march. What did you think  of the suroundings?"  "I saw enough trees there," said  I, coldly, to hang you and your  whole troop."  "Well," answered he, with a forced sneer, there is a spot which you  doubtless have not seen, and to which  I wish to introduce you. Farewell,  young captain; good evening to Leogri-" X  He made a gesture and turned his  back to me; his guards dragged me  away.  I marched in the midst of them  without making any resistance; it is  true that it would have been useless.  * * ��������� We proceeded along a' footpath  traced by the edge of the torrent; I  was surprised to see this path end  abruptly at the foot of a perpendicular rock, at the bottom of which I  noticed an arched opening from which  the torrent issued. The negroes turned to the left and we climbed the  rock, following a winding path. After  ten minutes of walking in the darkness, we arrived on a kind of platform formed by nature in the very  centre of the mountain. At the extreme north of it the torrent tumbled into the gulf at the bottom of  which seemed to float, without penetrating, the vague light which descended from the crevasse.  The blacks stopped at this horrible spot. I saw that I must die  there. They began tov bind me silently with cords which they had  brought when I thought I heard a  dbg barking; I took that sound for an  illusion caused by the rumbling of  the cascade.     '  The negroes finished binding me,  and led me to the torrent which was  to   engulf   me.  At that moment a stronger barking was heard; Rask's enormous  head passed through the opening. I  started. The blacks, whom the barking had not reached, were preparing  to throw me into the middle of the  abyss.  "Comrades!" cried a thundering  voice.  Everybody turned around. . It was  Bug-Jargul. He was standing on the  edge of the crevice; a red feather  floated  over his head.  "Comrades!" he repeated, "stop!"  The   blacks   prostrated  themselves.  He continued: "I am Bug-Jargal;"  "Unbind the prisoner,", cried the  chief.  In the twinkling of an- eye I was  free. The negro continued: "Brothers,  go and tell Biassou that his prisoner  saved Bug-Jargal's lift an dthat Bug-  Jargal wishes his prisoner to live.  Go, and tell Biassou to beware of unfurling the  black flag."  He threw his red feather in the  midst of them. The chief of the detachment took possession of it, and  they went away without proferring a  word.  I leaped to embrace' Pierrot. We  remained a moment mute and oppressed.  At last, he said: "Listen, brother;  you will live; and I also."  Surprise and joy hindered me from  answering.  "Listen," he   said.  A  dull noise,  like  the discharge  of  a piece of artillery was heard  in the  valley.  "That   is the   signal,"   said     the  negn. in a gloomy voice. He continued: "That was a cannon-shot, wasn't  it?"  1 made an affirmative sign. i   ���������  rock.   1 followed him.  He crossed  his  arms and began to smile sadly.  "Do you see?" he said to me.  .1 looked in the direction which he  pointed out, and I saw a peak sur  mounted by a great black flag. I  have learned since that Biassou, eager  to get away and thinking me dead,  had erected the standard before the  return of the detachment which was  to   execute me.  His head fell on his chest. He took  a few steps and approached me.  "Go and see your uncle, brother;  Rask will lead you." He whistled an  Indian air. Rask directed himself towards a point in the valley.  Bug-Jargal took my hand and-tried  to  smile.  "Farewell!" he cried to me in a  loud voice.  The    captain's   voice   died    away. '  "Go on, Thadeus*, for I have no more  strength than an old woman."  Thadeus  said:  "3o be it! When we saw the blackN  flag, we fired the cannm and I -was  commanded to take the ten negroes  to the foot of a pillar; I was binding them when I saw the tall negro  emerge from the forest. He went and  unbound his compatriots. He took the  place of the /blacks. At that moment,'his big dog, poor Bask, leaper  at his neck. Then * * I believed  you dead, captain. I was angry. I  shouted * ��������� * Bug-Jargal fell. A ball'  had broken his dog's paw. Since  then he has been lame. I heard  someone groaning in the neighboring  wood. I entered. It was you, captain., A bullet had reached you when  you were running to Bave the big  black. Meanwhile Bug-Jargal was not  dead. We carried him back to  camp. But he was wounded more dangerously than you, captain. He lived  only until the next day.  r  Phone Seymour 9086  WE HAVE  Applications every day for .5  to 7 roomed  HOUSES FOR RENT  Send us your Listing  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  Ottawa, Canada  PBINOLE  ft  GUTHRIE  Banisters and Solicitors v  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  The Western Call U delivered  to your home weekly for $1.00  per year.   Subscribe to-day.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   IBNING  EEGUIATION8  Coal mining rights of tbe Pomin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon, Territory, tbe  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated. .     '. '  In surveyed territory the land most  be' described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied,  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of-the-mine -at-the-  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish, the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  ~~For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not bo paid for.  --83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL 8  THE WESTERN CALL  MUSICAL FESTIVAL  The first annual vocal, elocution, pianoforte and violin competitions of. the Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church will take  place in that church on Tuesday-  evening next, 16th May, commencing at 7.30 prompt.  The competitions have been arranged to cover ages up to 20  years. The first group of classes  wiU take boys and girls up to  the age of 12 and will include  pianoforte, vocal, elocution and  violin.  The second group will be made  up of contestants between the  ages of 12 and 20, and will cover  the same range of selections.  A very large entry list has  been received, and a splendid inaugural festival is expected. This  year the contestants have their  own choice of selection, it being  thought advisable in the interest of the contest, and owing to  brevity of time, to follow this  course. Very handsome medals  have been donated for the prizewinners by members of the  church, and these are on view in  Hilker's store window on Main  street. The committee in charge  has secured Mr. Fred Taggart as  adjudicator in the vocal numbers; Mrs. Paton in pianoforte;  Miss Helen Badgely in elocution,  and Miss Margaret McCraney in  violin. The interest being  manifested in the affair by both  parents and' contestants is such  as to warrant a very large and  interested audience at the competition on Tuesday evening next.  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, the pastor  of Mount Pleasant congregation,  will be chairman of the proceedings, which will be run off in  clock-work style. Contestants  are also allowed, the privilege,  this year, of having their own  accompanist, but in cases where  no accompanist has been provided, Mr. L. R. Bridgman, organist and choirmaster of the church,  will officiate.  Ward Five Linen Week  On Monday next Linen .Week  will commence and collections of  new and old linen will be made  for Red Cross work. The ward  five committee, which is presided  over by Mrs. J. C. Kemp, will  have calls made upon residents  as far as is possible, but anyone  may send their contributions direct to Red Cross rooms, Lee  building.  Ward Five did wel1 last Linen  Week and on Tag Day, and the  committee feels sure it will sustain its high reputation again  and a generous response for linen for our wounded soldiers will  result from this appeal.  The rifle range at the McKenzie school, Fraser avenue, is now  completed and in working order.  The use of it has been granted  by the school board to the South  Hill company of the Women's  Volunteer Reserve.  With the   coming   of   better  weather the health generally of  the pupils attending the schools  is very much improved. During  Cook by Wire  fiivetliewfty to awore thorough emjoyment of life by using  JPlmUCTBlC COOKING UTENSU.S  They connect to the lighting iocMs; use  cents worth of electricity to cook a meal;  ooghJy sanitary and efficient.  only a few  " are thor-  EL TOSTO���������  Costs   one   cent to   toast  twelve  slices  of  delicious  toast.  EL GLOSTOVO���������  Ordinary granite pans may  be used on this appliance.  Raises a quart of water to  boiling point in 14 min-  - utes at a cost of less than  IV.  cents.  EL  BAKO���������  Large enough  of bread, two  biscuits    or  chicken;   costs  cents aa hour.  for 2 loaves  pies or pans  to   roast   a  XV.   to  5V_  EL GRILLO���������  Boils, broils,  at a cost of  cents an hour.  fries,   toasts  less than 5V.  Carral & Hastings  1138 Granville  Phone Sey.  5000  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  UMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  \AkA$A'k  ������������������'./'.' V,rf*H  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  the first week of May only three  cases of infectious disease were  reported, two being of whooping cough and one of measles.  The night classes conducted  by the board during the past  winter have only cost $1.50 per  class per night, so economically  have they been run. The salaries  amounted to $2,458, of which  four-fifths, $1,554, was paid  by the government.  It was reported from the tax  collector's office, that payment of  arrears were coming in well and  that the coHections for the four  and one half months of this  year are 30 per cent, higher than  for the corresponding period  last year.  The savings banks in the various schools are very largely patronized by the pupils and $379  has been deposited this year.  During April deposits amounted  to $75.78, made up as follows:  General Brock School, $6,20; McKenzie School, $2.50; McBride  School, $27.63; Moberly, $14.60;  Van Home, $8.30, and General  Wolfe, $16.55.  Patriotic Concert  A patriotic concert will be  held next Sunday evening at 8  o'clock in the South Hill theatre on Fraser street, the proceeds  of which will be donated to the  Prisoners of War Fund. Mr. J.  F. Bursill (Felix Pehne) will give  an address on "Ruined Belgium," which will be illustrated  with lantern slides. A number of  artists will contribute musical  numbers.  GREAT BRITAIN'S PILOT  Herbert Henry Asquith is tbe greatest Prime Minister England' has  known since Gladstone. He is now  firmly fixed in the saddle and nothing  short of a great national disaster can  move  him.  This remarkable tribute to a political opponent was paid a few days  ago to the present Premier by one  of the leaders of the Unionist party  speaking to a group of party  friends in one of the big London  political clubs, and there was not a  single dissenting voice. Asquith at  the comparatively early age of Bixty-  four���������he was born in 1852���������has at?  tained the national position held by  Gladstone in the later days of his  leadership, and the events of the last  year have proved that he is practically impervious to political attack.  He has weathered political intrigues  so influential and widespread that  they would have ruined a weaker man,  and he has come out of them stronger than ever in the affection of the  people of England, and. the respect of  the politicians.  ���������;,.':..  It may seem a little thing, but it is  extremely significant that Asquith has  no nickname. In that he also resem-  bles_ Gladstone. ,_ Gladstone^ was JJMr.'l  Gladstone to every member of the  House of Commons and of the House  of Lords. Asquith is "Mr." Asquith.  The ceremonious title is. a sign of the  respect in which he is held, and his  aloofness from the petty politics of  the house. Other prime ministers  have all had affectionate or jeering  nicknames. Campbell Bannerman was  "C. B." to his friends. Balfour was  "Arthur" to his friends and "Pretty  Fanny" to his opponents. Every effort to fix a nickname on Asquith has  failed. During the recent intrigues,  against him some of the little men  who were backing the big 'politicians  who wanted his place referred to him  occasionally as "old 'Squith," but  this lack of respect for the man who  commands the respect of practically  everyone in politics, was frowned on  so sternly that it is heard no more.  Asquith remains "Mr." Asquith to  friend and opponent alike and even  his foes admit now that no other  prime minister is possible while the  war lasts.  Mr. Asquith has now been Prime  Minister of England for a longer period, without a break, than any other  man since the Earl ��������� of Liverpool who  was the First Minister for 14 years,  from 1812 to 1827. He took office on  the death of Campbell Bannerman in  April, 1908, and, therefore, has held  the helm of the British ship of state  for nearly eight years. Gladstone's  longest continuous term of office was  five years and seventy days and Beaconsfield and Salisbury each remained in power for just over six years.  The longest term of office as premier  on record was that of Walpole who  held the post for nearly 21 years  from 1721 and William Pitt also had  a long reign with just over 17 years.  CONSIDER THESE THREE  France just now is���������Verdun, artillery, Petain. The greatest living master of big-gunnery is the man who until Verdun became the focus of the  greatest artillery duel on record was  to all outside of France a total obscurity. Up till March, 1916, the Allies knew what they owen to Joffre,  the resister. Since March they have  known even better what they owe  to Petain the artillery strategist,  the director of heavy fire such as  for the first, time in the history of  this was really surpassed that of the  Germans. Petain is the nearest approach to a sudden genius that the war  has produced on the side of the allies. He embodies the spirit of Napoleon, who used the artillery of his  day with the power of real affection  for the big guns���������such as they were.  The 75 mm. and the giant 400 mm.  gun were not even dreamed of in his  day. Petain is the master of these  terrible instruments of slaughter. But  he is humanly a soldier who knows  the value of using his artillery to  save the lives of the army. With the  Germans an army corps is merely a  human machinery to follow up the  work of the artillery and to be mowed down in masses if need be at the  advance. With Petain a battery of  75's or of 400's is an instrument not  merely to match the big gun work of  the Germans, but to reduce the loss  of men to a minimum. France saves  her men by the use of her artillery in  defence. Germany still sacrifices an  army corps as ruthlessly as she would  a horse or an international principle  for the sake of Verdun.  While the 400 mm. shell blasts the  countrysid the most poetic builder of  France goes on building his forms  of beauty to express modern France.  Eodin is the greatest living sculptor.  He is the realist and the poet. What  Hugo and Zola were to French literature. He expresses emotion. Anatomy to toim is a vehicle of feeling.  He penetrates the mask of a man's  face to get at the sufferings or the  joys of his soul as a high explosive  shell penetrates the walls of some  cathedral to lay bare to the world its  shrines and images. Eodin is a thinker. He was fifty years old before he  became famous. They say that he was  a street gamin of Paris, and his first  acquaintance with art Was when the  once dirty street child learned to mix  clay in a studio. The country that  can produce a Eodin is no more effete  than the land that produced Voltaire.  Recently Rodin, an old man and near  the end of his career, deeded, his  studio of great works in the Hotel  Biron to the French nation. An article  in the New York Sun says:  "The Hotel Biron is a famous  building of magnificent proportions. It  belonged to the family of the Due de  Biron, at the time of the American  Revolutionary War, and then became  the home of the Due de Lauzun. Then  it was successively the nunciature,  the home of the Russian embassy,  and was later occupied by the; Lames  de Sacre Coeur. After the reparation  of church and state in 1906, the  Dames de Sacre Coeur were driven  out, and the place stood vacant until  1908, when Rodin secured permission  from the government to occupy it as  a  studio. *     .     ���������  Friday, May 12, 1916.  leading Question  Arthur Train, assistant district attorney of New York, has ready wit  which has caused the downfall of  many witnesses. This was proved recently in a divorce trial. Mr. Train  was cross-examining the plaintiff,  with whom he had the following tilt:  "You claim this woman_^rinks. Is  that the reason you wish to divorce  her?"  "Yes,   sir."  "Do-you drink, yourself?"  "That's my business!" angrily responded the irate husband.  Unmoved, Mr. Train asked this  question:  "Have you any other business?"-  Argonaut.  The squire's pretty daughter (examining the village school)���������Now,  children, can you tell me what a miracle -is? The children looked at one  another, but remained silent, accord  ing to the London Globe. "Can no  one answer this question?" the new  curate asked, who was standing be  hind the squire's daughter. A little  girl was suddenly struck .with a brilliant idea. She held up. her hand excitedly. "Well, Nellie?" the squire's  daughter asked, smiling approvingly.  "Please, miss,'' the small child- re-  pied breathlessly, "mother says 'twill  be a miracle if you don't marry the  new curate."  Th Medical Officer���������Not much  wrong with him. Give him a Number  Nine  pill.  The Orderly���������I'm afraid we're out  of  "Number Nines,'" sir.  The Medical Officer���������Then give  him a Number Four and a Number  Five.���������London Opinion.  One of the freshmen at Yale immediately applied to the proper officer of the 'university upon the day  of his entrance into that institution  for information touching his father's  stay there before him.  "I should like to see my father's  record," said he. "He was in the  class of   '75."  '.' I shall be glad to show you the  record," said the officer, "but have  you any special reason for consulting  it?"  "Well," said the youth, "when I  left.home dad told me not to disgrace  him, and I wish to see just how far I  can  go."  QUIETLY" QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking pr losing any  valuable furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE CAMPBELL MAKES It]  A BUSINESS TO MOVE GOODS THAT WAY.  The big CAMPBELL "Car Vans" are heavily padded inside and j  completely enclosed,- affording absolute protection. Only skillful, intelligent movers handle your goods. AND the charge is surprisingly small.  Phone Seymour 7360 for full particulars.  CaMPBELL$TORACEQ)M R_.Ny  Oldest and largest in Westert?^:anada  THomc Seymour 7380 Otfkd 857 Beatty .Street  Office Phone:   Seymour   8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store  Fixture  Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Cases  Painting, Paperhanging and Ralsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B. C.  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  in Leckie Boots  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  feel at ease at once. The style is there, too, and  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C���������name stamped  on each pair.  AT ALL DEALERS  SHRAPNEJ-  Always" the Way  Down in Baltimore a German sued  his Irish wife for divorce because an  American bounced her on his - knee.  Isn't it funny how in all these international scraps the American almost invariably plays the role of the  goat?  Bank and FU������  O Undistinguished Dead!  Whom tbe bent covers,   or  the   rock-  strewn  steep  Shows to the stars, for you I mourn���������  I weep,  O Undistinguished Dead!  None  knows your  name,  Blackened  and  blurred in the   wild  battle's brunt,  Hotly you fell . . with all your wounds  in front���������  This is your fame!  A wounded Scot belonging to an  English regiment1 was home on leave  A slip in his papers gave a bit of  trouble among the clerks at headquarters. After being. passed from one to  another, he finally found himself once  more facing the officer at whom be  began. "Good heavens!" said the  officer, "you Scotchmen are the bally  limit. You go on pestering people  until you get what you want. One of  you is more bother than a whole re  giment." "Yes, sir," said the unspeakable Scot, "that's what the Germans said at Loos, sir.-"  The Scotch version of Tipperary,  which reaches us from ������ Glasgow, deserves a wider publicity. It is given  with the caution that it cannot be  lightly attempted save by a Scotsman :  It's  a long  wye tae  Auchtermuc'hty,  It's  a lang wye  tae Perth,  It's a lang wye tae get tae onywhere  Frae onywhere else on airth.  Guid-bye tae Ballachulish,  Farewell but  an'  ben;  It's   a lang,   lang   wye   tae Auchter-  muchty,  But I'll gang back again.  - ���������Christian   Science  Monitor.  The Sergeant-Major had the reputation of never being at a loss for an  answer.. A young officer made a bet  with a brother officer that he would  in less than twenty-four hours ask  the Sergeant-Major a question that  would   baffle him.  Tlie Sergeant-Major accompanied the  young officer on his rounds, in the  course of whieh the cookhouse was  inspected. Pointing to a large copper of water, just commencing to  boil, the officer said: "Why does that  water only boil round the edges of tbe  copper and not in the centre?" "The  water round the edge, sir," replied  the veteran, "is for the men on  guard; they have their breakfast half  an hour before the remainder of the  company."  Tough  Now that the Hun  rulers  will  not  allow   them    to  powder    their  faces,  the   German   girls   are   beginning to  realize the  horrows  of  this  war.  A Pair Exchange  Germany has asked the United  States for the return of some papers seized with Von Papen. Perhaps Unc"le Sam would give the papers   in  exchange  for Von  Papeh.  The Officer (after a complaint) ���������  This tea's all right. What's the complaint?  Tommy���������It ain't tea, sir. It's stoo!  The Officer���������And very nice stoo!  "The-trouble"with Lavergne and "his  friends is that they are readier to  fight for the French tongue than for  French freedom.  It's a wonder that the Huns haven't  invented a torpedo that won't leave  a wake. It would save a lot of denying.  A Canadian officer at the front owes  his life to his cheque book having  stopped a bullet. Moral, let every  soldier be- provided with a cheque  book.  The Crown Prince is trying hard to  work up a military reputation, but  somehow we feel that military reputations, won't be worth much in Germany after  the  war.  New York Telegraph remarks that  Canadian fighters have better press  agents than their British cousins.  Speaking of press "agents, do you read  the Mexican  chase  stories?  Does   Germany    Hate  France?  Henri de Reguier, one of the forty immortals of the French Academy, told the following incident as  an example of Germany's hatred for  France:  "The army pf the Crown  Prince, fighting around Verdun, recently sent a cradle to the Crown  Princess bearing ' the inscription:  '' The wood with which this, cradle  is made is stained with French  blood."  JUXHEI


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