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The Western Call May 5, 1916

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Array J^%W/-,Sp/>^.'^iA^.  zT  '.-��������� i. n  't* -it.   J^r^pf  [Subscribe to the  [Western Call  fl.00 Per Year  F6 Mos. 50 cents  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Kearney      -  .  J. If. lfclntne >  v Funeral Director  T. J. Kearney ft Go.  FomesI   XMxacton*)  and BmbjdnMo.  At your service dar and  night.  Moderate charges.  80S Broadway Wart  Pbone: Fair, loot  )LUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,X i FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 52.  MOUNT PLEASANT  The secretaries of all Gluba  and Associations (whether social, religious or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication.  An Appreciation  Last Friday evening the Mt.  Pleasant Dramatic Society gave  an entertainment in the hall of  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church.  The play staged by the society  was entitled ''Kleptomania," a  comedy in three parts. The  play was good, much better than  the ordinary run of amateur affairs, and the players acquitted  themselves in becoming manner.  There was a large audience and  the affair was thoroughly enjoyed by all. The proceeds went  to the funds of the above named  church and amounted to a tidy  sum.  For some years, and particularly since the outbreak of war, this  society has worked extremely  hard in.an effort to give the  public something worth while in  their line. They have been heard  iOL'. l.uinorpus be jasions, and al?  ways their selections have been  i;t good taste. Their efforts to  Help are not confined to any particular denomination or com-  SuiiiljXil^  ^outlook:} and strives :to; cater to  <$he city at large. On several occasions they have appeared in the  down toyrn theatres and have,  r been accorded a most appreciative reception. The entertainment  of Friday last was in line with  past performances and was of a  highly entertaining character  The composition of the society  is continually changing, but  always for the better, and much  of the splendid results which  have been attained has been due  to the constant attention and  careful tuition of Mr. and Mrs.  TJ7"Ut. BaxtMs"whb^haW^~f(^er'-  ed and encouraged this society.  The people of Vancouver and  particularly of. Mount Pleasant  owe a debt of gratitude to Mr.  and Mrs. Baxter and the members of the Dramatic Society for  the many pleasant evenings that  have been provided during the  past four years.  its glorious .stand. Souvenirs of  the battlefield will be shown,  and any questions asked will be  aswered. A splendid programme  pf patriotic music and recitations  will be rendered, and a collection  will be taken which will be devoted to purchasing material for  Red Cross work.  Brigadier   and Mrs.  McLean,  divisional officers in charge of the  Salvation Army work in B. C.,  will eonduct special meetings in  the Salvation Army citadel ,cor.  Quebec and 7th ave., on Sunday,  May 17th, at 11 a.m., 3 p.m., and  7.30 p.m. The afternoon service  will take the form of a temperance meeting. Brigadier McLean  -will speak on prohibition. An invitation is extended to the public to attend these services.  Under the auspices of the Women's Guild of Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church this evening  at 8 o'clock in the school room  of the church an interesting  talk will be given by Private  Loughnan, who will tell of his  experiences since leaving here  with the First Contingent of the  Seaforth Highlanders. The chair  -will be taken by Col. Worsnop.  Private Loughnan left Vancouver with the 16th battalion, and  returned after being wounded in  the midnight charge near Ypres.  on April 22. 1915, when "the  line that never  wavered"  made  Hugh Leith, aged 12, son of  Mrs. Thos. Leith, 3036 Ontario  street, was drowned on Friday  morning in the Capilano river  while engaged with a companion  in fishing. Hugh, in company  with Thomas Turnbull, a companion, left home early that  morning for a fishing trop to  North Vancouver. They went to  the Second Canyon, and cast  their lines near the Japanese  bridge. Turnbull, in repotting  the accident, said that he heard  a cry and turning saw his companion disappear with a splash  into the swjrling waters of the  river. He had evidently changed  his position from which to fish  and had slipped. The water - at  the point of the accident was  about ten feet in depth, and the  little fellow did not reappear.  Turnbull called loudly for assistance, but it was some considerable time before he could attract any person. The police were  notified and Chief Lif ton had the  waters of the river dragged. The  boidy was not recovered, however,  till Saturday. The funeral was  held on Monday afternoon from  his late home to the Mountain  View cemetery, Rev. A. E. Mitchell officiating.  Mrs. Minnie Aydelott, deputy  supreme commander of the Woman's Benefit Association of the  Maccabees, Oakland, Cal., will  hold a three days' rally in the  K. P. Hall on the week of May  15. The dates will probably be  the 17th? 18th and 19th, and all  the reviews of the city and New  Westminster will be represented.  A charming tea was given by  Mrs. II. L. Turnbull and Mrs. W.  H. Steeves, Wth avenue west, on  Tuesday afternoon. The drawing  rooms were prettily decorated  with spring flowers, while the  dining-room was exceptionally  pretty, the table being centred  with a beautiful cut glass basket  of pink tulips. Assisting the  hostesses in the drawing-rooms  were Mrs. H. H. Stevens, Mrs.  Brett Anderson, Mrs. Nightingale, Mrs. Munro, Mrs. McNamee  and Mrs. E. H. Murphy. In  charge of the dining-room   were  Mrs. W. McKenzie and Mrs. H.  D. 1 Lee; pouring tea were Mrs.  Duke, Mrs. Chbdat, Mrs. V. D.  Ca$selman, Mrs. T. S. Baxter;  Mijs.D. McLeod and Mrs. Skinned; assisting in the dining-room  were Mrs. H. Webster, Mrs.  Clements, Miss M. McKenzie and  Miss Stinson, Mrs. Hamilton and  Mrs. Jeavons. Other ladies assisting the hostesses were Mrs. J.  T, [Smith, Mrs. MacGuire, Mrs;  Williamson, Mrs. Bridgmen and  Mi-s. Kellett. Miss Beulah Ped-  low opened the door to the many  Callers. The guests were entertained by a very pleasing programme arranged by. Mrs. A. C.  Stewart, taking part in which  were Mrs. W. Patchell (New  Westminster), Mrs. Griffith, Mrs.  Mepuffee, Mrs. Gregg, Mrs. H.  MA, Hilker, Mrs. McKinnon, Mrs.  McCrossan, Miss McCrossan, Miss  Paichell (New Westminster),  Mi$s Matheson, Miss Stratton,  Miss Ogilvie and Mr. Smith. .  Iii  Miss Millie Siddons was the  successful contestant for the silver medal at the W.C.T.U. contest held on Tuesday evening  last in St.. Paul's Presbyterian  church, six young ladies competing.  The     distinct    pronunciation,  enunciation and graceful gesturing  displayed   careful and   correct iiistruM^  selections.  Mrs. James McNeill and the  Misses Amos and Lorree, of the  Alexandra School teaching , staff  were judges, and had a difficult  task owing to the marked efficiency of each contestant.  A group of girls in Grecian  costumes and of boys in cadet  uniform sang choruses entitled,  "Cast Your Ballots," "It's Prohibition Time Just Everywhere,"  "It's a Short Way to Prohibition," "O Canada," and "A  Call to Arms," the last composed  by Mrs. R. Johnston Barnard,  president of the union and the  mmicto it set by Mrs. James McNeill.  A quartette of boys sang  "Honor Bright Cadets," duets  and solos were rendered by Lena  Wharton, Dora Brown, Ethel El-  som, Edna and Sybil Bib by,  which added materially to the  programme.  Mrs. Barnard is to be congratulated on her success as an elocution director. Miss Elva Buet-  tner presided at. the piano and  Rev. R. G. McBeth - acted as  chairman.  The presentation of the medal  was made by the president in a  few well chosen words, a silver  W.C.T.U. pin being presented to  the other five contestants.  Mrs. Macken, after .whom the  union is named, gave a short  bright address. The proceeds  amounted to nearly $29.  =5\  CONSERVATIVES SURE  OF COjiilNG VICTORY  At the annual "At Home" held last night in the I. 0. 0.  F. Hall, Main street, under the auspices of Ward V. Conservative Club and Ward V. Women's Conservative Club, Pre>  mier Bowser declared that after the exposure that had occurred in connection with the alleged "plugging" at the recent by-election, he did not think there was the slightest  doubt about the government being: returned by an overwhelming majority at the general election.  The "At Some" took the form of a concert, followed  by a supper and dance. The Pi^nier arrived after the concert and mingled with the audienop shaking hands with many  familiar friends and being introduced to new ones. He regretted his inability to remain thelntire evening, as he had to  catch the night boat for Victoria;.*":  The "At Some" was presided over by Mr. %. C. N. McKim/ president of the Ward V. Conservative Club, wbo was  supported by Mrs. Telford, president of tb'e Ward V. Women's Conservative Club, who was supported by Mrs. Telford, president of the Ward ; Women s Conservative Club,  while among those present wera Messrs. Thomas Puke, C. E.  Tisdall and Fred welsh. A hearty welcome was extended to  all by Mr. Mcfcim, who also thanked those who had assisted  in carrying out the programme and in making tbe arrangements for the gathering. Mrs. Telford gave a short address,  and urged the ladies who bad not yet joined the women's club  to do so.  The gathering proved a great success, the excellent musical programme that was presented delighting all present, and  being loudly applauded, nearly every item receiving an encore. Those'taking part were: Songs, Mrs. Fleming, Mr.  Schofield, Miss Stewart, Miss Deckart, Mr. McPherson, Mrs.  Randall, Mrs. W. Stevenson, Mrs. C. Gregg, Mrs. McPuffee,  Mr, Wark and Mr. C. % Smitheringale; cornet solo, Mr. J.  JBornett.;; readings.MtssJPwter and Madame Burton; pjan������-_  forte solo, Miss L. Peace; while Master Stanley Wright delighted all with his Irish jig. Mrs. McKim was convenor of  the entertainment committee, and the executive of the clubs  carried through the arrangements, the programme being in  hands of Mr. Smitheringale.  Fairview  Mrs. P. P. Wesbrook entertained the graduating class, the staff,  senate and board of governors of  the British Columbia university  at her residence on Wednesday  afternoon.  The Chalmers' Women's Missionary Society Auxiliary and  Mission Band intend holding a  tea at the home of Mrs. J. M.  Brown, 1160 10th avenue west,  this afternoon at 6 o'clock. A  good musical program in charge  of Miss McCraney will entertain  the  company.  A well-attended and very pretty event, in social circles.on Monday afternoon was the May Day  tea held at the home of Mrs.  McMasters. 967 10th avenue west.  by the Fairview Circle of the  King's Daughters. There was a  large number of. guests present.  Mrs. McMaster was assisted in  receiving by Mrs. Hector MacPherson. Purple and yellow, the  Circle's colors, were used in the  decorations. The tea table was  contred with a Maypole around  which dainty little dolls were  placed in a circle. Purple and  yellow pansies completed the  pretty effect. Mrs. Fleeman, Mrs.  Stoner, Mrs. Phillips, Mrs. Pyke,  Mrs. Chisholm and Mrs. Lcders  presided at the tea table and assisting were Mrs. MacKay, Mrs  Bayiies, Miss Olive Sinclair, Miss  Muriel Stewart and Mrs. Robinson. Mrs. Hooper was the con  venor of the programme, the following taking part: Madame  Este Avery, Miss Cowperthwaite,  Miss Frankie Gillespie, Mrs. El-  lerton Hopper; piano, Mrs. Tau  lin, Miss Freeland, Miss Nellie  Matherson, Miss Marjorie Har  dy; violin, Miss Wood; elocu  tion, Miss Murie-Lipsey.  The science students of British  Columbia University were hosts  at- a picnic given on Tuesday afternoon, the guests of honor be  ing the graduating class, numbering about 20. The party_ left  by launch in the afternoon for  the summer residence of Miss  Mosevrugh, Sunnyside, North  Arm.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  Engineer Bennett has reported  the Fraser bridge repaired and  open for traffic and the river for  navigation. The swing part of the  bridge was lifted from its bearings on Thursday morning of  last week.  J. Munroe, an employee of the  B. C. Electric, was knocked  down and received a fractured  skull when he stepped off a  Kingsway car near Nanaimo St.  on Saturday last by a jitney.  He was taken to the general hospital and is reported on the way  towards  recovery.  It  has  been  decided by  the  council to commence immediate  suit against delinquent tax payers. Some time ago Solicitor Don-  aghy sent out letters to a large  number of. ratepayers who were  behind in their tax payments intimating that he had been instructed to take legal proceedings for recovery. The effect of  these letters was that a large  amount of arrears were wiped off  but there still remain a large  number of big amounts due the  municipality. It is intended to  issue a number of writs this  week.  Mr. David Hobson, of Sonth  Hill, has enlisted with the llth  C. M. R. for overseas service.  Tomorrow has been selected  as the day on which the flag  will be unfurled at the Khaki  Home on Chester street, the headquarters of the Soldiers' and  Sailors' and Wives' Red Cross  Association, and for the occasion a fete will, be held. Many  notable people have promised to  be present, including Lady Tupper, Daughters of the Empire  and others.  The   Boys'   Brigade   of   St.  Paul's Presbyterian church has  furnished twelve of its older  members to the service of the  Empire in the war. But it still  remains an active and useful organization with its Sunday evening Bible Class and its Thursday  evening drill. Friday night the  plimented by Lieutenant Hous-  brigade was inspected and corn-  ton of the 72nd Highlanders, in  presence of. a large company of  friends. Next Sunday evening  the brigade will attend service  when the pastor, Rev. R. G. McBeth, will speak on "A Clean  Record."  Women's-Conservative  Meeting  At the close of the regular  monthly meeting of the Ward  II. Conservative Association on  Tuesday evening, which had been  addressed by Miss Ella Paterson  on Women's Suffrage, a committee of ladies was appointed to  organize a Women's Conservative Association for the ward. A  meeting is to be held next Monday evening in the club rooms,  Commercial Drive, for the purpose of organizing, and an executive committee, consisting of  Mrs. D. C, Craig, who was provisionally nominated as president, Mrs. F. O. Hodgson, Mrs.  Leighton and Mrs. R. C. Hodgson, was appointed. In addressing the meeting Miss Paterson  said the suffrage' question was  not one of party. Party politics  did not enter into it. It Avas  purely a question of holding and  working together to get the vote.  She could not agree that a woman's place was only in her  home. She has as much right to  take part in'public affairs as a  man. Short addresses were also  delivered by Mr. Hubbard and  Mr. .Williamson, secretary of the  Vancouver Conservative executive, and a letter was read from  Rev. M. Bolton, tlie Conservative  candidate for South Vancouver  riding, expressing his disappointment at his inability to be present but promising his active  support and furtherance of the  j Suffrage   movement.  All roads led to the dairy on  Thursday morning.  The scarlet  gowned housewife, the bare footed urchin, the bewhiskered head  of the school boys' brigade, and  the    slant-eyed   ������Chinamen,    all  lined   up    in   the   bottle    row.  And the cause of it all, the first  strike of the milk drivers. Wanted, " Better Terms,'' the cry that  has   resounded   down   the ages,  the cry of the infant gazing in  the face of a fond mamma, the  cry of the hunted cat at the foot  of the flag-pole, the cry of the  suffragette lobbying at the seat  of government.     Alas, the hour  had   struck, and   the men have  won.     What a blessing that the  Capilano still flows on.  A committee consisting of Mrs.  McConkey and Mrs. Woods has  been appointed by the > South  Vancouver Women's Forum to  arrange a basis for the organization of a Teachers' and Parents' Association and to interview the various teachers in the  municipality regarding their cooperation in the proposal. At  the meeting, which was held at  the home of Mrs. Woods on Wednesday afternoon, the work of  the municipal council was discussed and the manner in which  it was transacting its business  was commended. A resolution  was__also.;..pa ssed ,,endoi'sing_,i;jthe_  new liquor license bylaw recently passed by the council. It was  decided that the next meeting of  the forum will be a public one.  held in the evening, instead of  the afternoon of Tuesday, May  16.  Over 140 people attended the  military whist drive and dance  given on Wednesday evening by  the Central South Vancouver  branch of the Red Cross Society  in the Collingwood Institute. The  scene resembled many of the gatherings held in the hall before  the war, and every one prestnt  voted tlie entertainment such a  success that arrangements are  afoot for holding another one at.  an early date. The first part of:  the evening was enjoyed in a  military whist contest, arranged  by Mr. and Mrs. Harrison, the  winning flags being of Belgium  and Rumania. Suitable prizes  were awarded to Mrs. David  Morris, Mrs. M. II. V. Craig, Mr.  W.* Wigley and Miss Campbell.  During an interval"refreshments  were served by a committee composed as follows: Mrs. Mclntyre,  the president of the society; Mrs.  Schrocder, vice-president; Mrs.  Bishop and Mrs. Buchanan.  Sergt. Price acted as master of  ceremonies for the dance, the accompaniments for which were  played by Mr. Rose. The decorative scheme was the work of Mr.  Harrison. THE WESTERN CALL  Friday,  May 5, 19M  Whether you prefer annuals to  perennials is about the same  problem as whether you like any  other sort of theatrical entertainment as well as serious drama.  Most perennial gardens are in  the Shakespeare class: stately,  classic things that took years to  produce.  But the annuals are the  thoughts of last week. In March,  1916, you may decide to have a  garden of annuals; in June, 1916,  you may have it���������well along to-  wards bloom, some of it blooming. If you have a small lot���������  and it may be part of. the backyard represented in ten feet by  twenty, allowing six feet for  walks and borders���������the choice  of annuals is rather difficult.  You have two kinds of places  to fill with flowers. Either an  open oblong, or sundry strips  along the house and fences, corners and crannies by gates and  steps and along verandahs, at  the place where the kitchen joins  the dining-room and where the  back porch joins the kitchen. All  these spots are strategic places to  put flowers. Don't be afraid of  overcrowding. The average back  exposure of a modern house���������  one you are perhaps renting���������is  so ugly by nature  that  nothing  but a large elm tree would hide  it anyway. You will be surprised how many flowers will go  in a small space; how you may  haye a. row of fine .hollyhocks  along the fence and room for a  border line of marigolds or  whatever else you think is the  best combination with pinks,  reds and whites.  Of course a hollyhock isn't an  annual; neither a proper pedi  greed perennial. It is supposed  to be a biennial. But the hollyhock patches we used to know  down on the old farm were as  perennial as the old-man hush  at the gate and the orange lilies  along the walk.  But for the present you will  think about a mass of well-assorted petunias, one of the gayest and richest-coloured things  any garden can have. But they  require .freedom. Don't try to  train them too much. Give them  room to sprawl a bit; they may  even climb the pickets or go  behind strings up a board fence.  Those audacious youngsters  known as nasturtiums are of  many kinds. Some climb; others  don't; others don't even pretend  to. But they are easy to raise  from  seed.  Then the phlox, in several var-  GENUINE BARGAINS  Sacrifices that are not made .from choice,  HOUSES  WEST END���������9-room strictly modern house on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. on full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining room, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception room in expensive paper, the  4 bedrooms have washbowls with hot and cold water,  the large front bedroom has artistic fireplace. Property  was formerly valued at $22,000. Today's price, $8,900.  Oh terms.  HORNBY ST.���������Semi-business, 25 ft., in the first block  off Pender St., closest to Pender, with 10-room house,  rented, clear title, old time price, about $22,000. Today for $8,300.   Tterm.s  FAIJIVJEW���������-Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  Ave. and East of Granville St. on lot 62% by 100 ft.  and garage. Has hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000. Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000.    7% per cent. Balance arrange.  KITSHiANO���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet and bookcases, furnace, fireplace, bath and������fcoilet separate, gas and electric light. Sold for- $7,500. Today for $4,500. Mtge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has full basement, furnace, laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was  sold for   $4,500.  KITSIXiANO���������Most attractive 5-room bungalow, new, on  10th avenue, on full 33 ft. lot., has hot water heat,  hardwood   floors, beam   ceilings,   pannelled walls,  bath  ^^"and toilet separatej'fireplace^basiementr cement "floored  and extra toilet, stone pillars in front, cement walks,  best hardware. Price $3,500. Mortgage $2,000. 8 per  cent. Balance arrange. '���������������������������'?  GRANDVIEW���������On Third Ave. near Commercial St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ft. Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  KlTSHiANO���������3-year-old   modern house    on   8th' Rve.   on*'  large lot 66 by  132 ft., has hardwood  floors, furnace,  fireplace,   bath and   toilet   separate,   valued at   $6,000.  Today for $3,150.    Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange.  .LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious location, as a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold here as high as $2,500, but owner hard up  sell for   $600.  POINT GREY���������On the brow of the hill near 22nd and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2 lots on 8th Ave. ner Burns St., cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50  ft.  lot on 10th  Ave. near  Laurel  St. for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE. WEST���������33 ft. near  Trutch St.  dirt cheap  at $1300.   Also  50  ft. between  Fir and Pine  Sts.  for  $2800.   Formerly held at  $17000.  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and Jackson   for   $7600.  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  Strathcona Place cost $4000 for $1500. A splendid  homesite.  KINGSWAY���������33 ft. hear Nanaimo St. for $450.  SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for   $75.  ACREAGE  SURREY���������152 acres near Port Mann about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth Boad for $37 per aere.  BURNABY���������31/9 acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000. '  GIBSON'S. LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  Roberts Creek 2 acres cleared, 2 slashed balance alder  and small fir creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 years' old, assorted and small fruits. Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear deeded  lots or house not too far out. *  ALLAN BROS.  REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. 2873  ieties, resolve themselves into  two broad kinds���������high and low,  whatever the seedsmen call them.  The high ones are more stately.  The low ones, with plenty of  light, will even out-bloom petunias except for mass. You may  find the phlox blooming away into the frost belt when the last  petunia is dead.  You at once think of snapdragons. These are gay little optimists that sometimes get rather  untidy after a shower. In any  bright colour scheme, poppies  need to be sown at different intervals or else the tissue paper  blooms are all knocked off in a  week. In the same order of  hues comes the salvia, scarlet,  good for trim pots in front of the  house or large, raised masses.  Try a little border somewhere  of portulaca, those pink and red  little roselike things that^ never  get much above the ground, but  bloom with great prodigality.  And for summer-long - bloom,  from mid-June until frost, nothing can beat the stocks, magnificent and fragrant, going up in  treelike masses as high as two  feet, in pinks, whites and reds.  And of course in the yellows  we come to the marigolds in several varieties and shades from  sulphur yellow down to orange  and burnt ochre; the ever-blooming stellas, which are much like  what 'some people call elecampane, a small sunflowerish thing  growing gracefully to the height  of five feet and flowering without stint. Sunflowers everybody knows.  In autumn blooms, beginning  sometimes much earlier, commend us to the generous and  stately asters and the aster-  mums; easy to raise, but liable  to cut-worms in sandy soil. It  is well to plant these in colour  plots, being sure to get whites,  pinks, crimsons and mauves . in  separate clumps or in some geometrical pattern. Dahlias are  more of a problem. You must get  the bulbs and plant them deep  late in May; and do not be surprised if one year now and again  they come to nothing but blobs  of pasty green, though the very  next year they may glorify your  garden with colours���������red, crimson,  orange, white.  COMPENSATION CLAUSE  DENOUNCED BY PASTOR  Rev. Ernest Thomas, pastor of  Wesley church, in his sennon  last Sunday morning, dealt very  forcibly with the prohibition  question in general and the compensation clause in particular,  comparing the liquor trade to  the^opium traffic.  "A few years ago," he said,  "when the federal parliament  passed a law prohibiting the importation, manufacture and sale  of opium, there was no outcry  in favor of compensation for  those operating opium dens. No  one was heard questioning the  right of the state to put au end  to the traffic in that insidious  drug. What was the reason?  It was because back of the opium  trade there was no highly-organized body to combat the influences at work. There is no difference in the principle of the  law that allowed the government  to restrict the opium traffic and  the law which permits the indiscriminate use, sale and distribution of alcohol. A right was  never given in perpetuity to sell  liquor. The state created monopolies and therefore has a right  to curtail any privileges it has  granted.  "Von Tirpitz did not ask for  compensation," continued the  preacher, "when President Wilson suggested that Germany  abandon its sumbarine campaign.  The prohibitionists are assailing-  the liquor trade as a social, moral and political menace. They are  attacking it on the same grounds  as the opium trade was attacked."  The  preacher  quoted statistics  to prove his arguments of the  degenerating effects of alcohol.  The efficiency of marksmen in  the Swedish army had been  greatly reduced, he said, in tests  with liquor given in a series of  experiments carried out to ascertain the effects over a prescribed period.  The average of hits had dropped from 24 out of 30 to 3 out  of 30, he claimed, af.ter the subjects had been treated to small  doses of intoxicants. Liquor interfered with the co-ordination  of eye and hand and mind, so  the tests had proven. Men in  various, vocations were all affected in the same degree, he said.  Rev. Mr. Thomas' declared  that despite the anti-prohibitionists' arguments that in Great  Britain compensation was given  to those deprived of liquor licenses, the principle had never-  been recognized as a right. Public money was not used to compensate the liquor' interests, he  said, biit those whose monopoly  was increased by the curtailment  of license-? had tb pay more for  their privilege.  The Bowser Act made it clear,  the speaker declared, that those  granted liquor licenses were  subject to further restrictive  measures. He construed this as  meaning that the privileges were  granted subject to prohibitive  legislation. Dealing with the  argument that those who had  built fine, commodious hotels  were entitled to compensations,  he asserted that if the accommodation was only designed as  an annex to the bar then in such  cases they were not proper hotels but only bogus ones.  Continuing his discussion of  the compensation question, Rev.  Thomas said that it had been  proven in other provinces and in  different countries where prohibition had been put into force  that breweries and distilleries  could be adapted to other trade  uses.     He mentioned instances.  The discharges of political corruption in the recent byelection,  the speaker said, had shown the  part that alcohol frequently  played in politics. He declared  that if the liquor trade was  eliminated 90 per cent, of the  political corruption would disappear. 'A--      X.  Par Better  Clerk���������Don't you want a burglar alarm?  Knicker���������No, I should prefer  something to put me t������������ sleep if  they come.  Not Fair!  Callahan and Schmidt were  fishing from a pier one day. Callahan bet Schmidt $10 that he  would /catch the first fish. The  two kept fishing earnestly until noon.  It was a warm day, and Schmidt, overcome by the heat, fell  overboard into the water. This  aroused Callahan, who was also  dozing.  "If you're going to dive after  thim, the bet's off," he shouted  to his companion struggling in  the   water.  Another Matter  Mr. Babcock had just been  telling his wife of (an old friend.  "And he said he knew me  when I was a little girl?" interrogated the wife.   ���������  "No," said Babcock, "he  didn't say anything of the  sort."  "But you just said.he did,"  said Mrs. Babcock.  "No," said tlie man, "I  didn't."  "Why, Charles!" exclaimed the  wife, "What did he say, then?"  "I said," replied the brute,  "that he said he knew you when  he was a little boy. X  RENTAL   USTINGS  We are having a number of calls for five ahd seven room [  houses, in different parts of the City:   We shall be glad "i  to have your listings.   No charge unless results obtained.  See our Rental Department. ���������"-���������'���������'..  North West Trust Company, Limited  Seymour 7467;- 509 Richards St.  St  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  ���������Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  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"Until we had the Adventure of  the Black Dog," Charles A. Graham,  who fought with the famous Highland "Black Watch" in South Africa and-, lived to fight in Canada's  first battalion in Europe, said, "we  wondered why the Germans were invariably able to call our battalion by  number whenever we took up our position  in   a trench.  ._J_Tt seemed like_ magic. We no sooner would relieve the fellows who had  been there before, and take up our  stations at the firing portholes than  a voice from the enemy line would  call, 'Hello, First Battalion of Canadians.' Now how did they know we  were   tlie  First?  Dog Visited Trenches  "The black dog I speak of was one  of those nondescript animals used  throughout Belgium and Northern  France for pulling carts and doing  other work around the farms. They  are supposed to be very intelligent animals, but there were so many of  them when we first got there' that  we paid little attention to them.  They were part or tne scenery, aud  that was all. You couldn't make  friends with them.  "For Mreeks a big black shape used  to come bounding through our trenches at about the same hour every  night. We weren't over there to  shoot dogs and we never fired on him.  Usually he went through the trench  at some unoccupied point, but when  we were there in force he did not  hesitate to jump right through a mass'  of us and bound out to the other  side.  "It struck us as queer, but, as 1  say, we weren't wise then, and we let  him go. He came from somewhere  back of the enemy line, and went  somewhere back of our line, but at  that time we weren't suspicious  enough to figure it all out. We just  noticed that the same dog did the  same thing at about the same hour  every right���������and we let it go at that  for a while.  Trapping the Animal  "By, and by, though, the boys began to talk about the nightly visitor to our officers. They thought it  was queer, and they must have had  some glimmering of what was up, for  they ordered us to. hold the brute  when it leaped among us the next  time.  "Well, that -dog seemed to know  weovere laying for mm, for it was  weeks   before he   took   a  chance   at  jumping right through a bunch of us J  Instead he   sneaked   down the   trenchf  till   he   found   a   comparatively    unguarded  place,   and then   just   flashed!  over in the dark.   Finally, he had tol  take  to   his   rush  tactics again,   and]  we  caught  him one  night as his  big]  black   shape   hurdled   down   from the  parapet   into    the    midst   of   a    card  game   that   was being   played in   the]  dugout. He put up quite a scrap  andj  some   of   the  boys  had   wounds   not  caused by   German  bullets before    he ]  wa^'subduedX^""***'r"Xr*^"^*"~X  ��������� '' Tied   to his  collar  and hidden in  the    fur   of   his   shaggy    throat,    we  found a match box���������a common safety  match  box.  There was  a  paper in  it  that our  officers  saw,  but we didn 't.  Next to the match box was a watch���������  a dollar watch.   The works  had been  taken   out,   but the   hands   and   face  remained.  Messenger for a Spy  "What was the idea of this equipment? Well, the match box was for  messages and the watch was.;to tell  the time of troop movements. ' The  hands could be set at any hour of  the day that the spy wished to indicate.  " 'Let him go now,' said the lieutenant, 'and, Graham, you follow  him.'  "That dog sure did lead me a merry  chase. He took me way back of the  lines and into one of the villages.  Here he went to one of the tiniest  houses. It was morning by this time  and the villagers were waking up. I  had orders to get a detail of men  when the time came to act and as  soon as the door was opened for the  dog I got the detail. We arrested  everybody in that nouse. We also  took the  dog along with  us.  "I wasn't there to see the rest of  the story enacted, bu������ I heard what  happened. The dog was separated  from the suspects and then afterward  was let loose among the bunch of  them.  He picked  out  a woman.  '' But what happened to the woman  the dog picked out?"   ....  "Parlor Game of War"  "You know as well as I do what  happens to spies���������man spies or woman  spies,"   he  retorted.  "Drum-head court-martial, a white  bandage over the eyes, hands tied behind the back, a brick wall and a firing squad?" '  "You seem to have a pretty fair  idea of the parlor game known as  war," acknowledged the infantryman.���������Eussell Fore, in the Detroit  News. ��������� . Friday, May 5,1916.
THE WESTERN CALL
3
England Not a Social Democracy
plrs. Mary Roberts Rinehart,
le popular author, who has re-
Intly returned from a visit tp
|.e front, and whose new book,
[Kings, Queens and Pawns,"
las suppressed by the censor,
is some remarks, not entirely
Jmplimentary to make concern-
ig that official. .
"Politically," said Mrs. Rine-
Fart, "Great Britain is a true
lemocracy. Socially, it is an oligarchy."
Mrs. Rinehart believes that the
reason for   the   suppression   of
ler book is   that it contains an
[interview with Queen Mary". And
she endeavored to explain to ine
rhy the publication of such an
interview would offend  the sen-
Isibilities of  the  British   govern-
ient.
"The   publication   of the in-
Iterview  in  The  Saturday Even-
ling Post, which circulates extensively  in  England," said    Mrs.
[Rinehart, "brought out a storm
lof protest. To understand this it
[is necessary to know the British
attitude  toward the royal  family.  Although Queen  Mary  herself read  and approved the  in-
Iterview before it was   published,  this  fact  did not  alter  the
[general feeling that no  member
[of the royal family should ever
[talk   for publication. As I  said,
Ipolitically   Great   Britain is    a
true  democracy,  but socially   it
is an oligarchy.
You see, this was not an. interview in the ordinary sense of
the word. I was presented to the
Queen, and jvas permitted''to
make a record of that presentation and of my impressions.
Prefer Superhuman Royalties
"However, the English people
as a mass, not as a class, prefer
to have their royalties not human, but superhuman. They like
to run the government and the
newspapers and. the war and the
high seas, but they want the
royal family left alone, and just
brought out for coronations and
to open parliament. They like
to stage the royal family and
then to lift the curtain. This, as
I said, is the attitude of the mid
die classes, who are the real rulers. The English aristocracy has
an utterly different iattitude."
"But is it possible," I asl^d,
"that so important an official as
the censor is governed in his
conduct by such prejudices and
conventions as you describe?"
"The censor did not give this?
as his reason,'' said Mrs. Rine-.
hart. "He says that the book
contains information of value to
the enemy, and that if the offending parts are cut out there
will not be enough left to make
the publication   of   an English
edition worth while.
WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL
TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-
WHY GO ALONG FROM PAY
TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,
DECAYING TEETH WHICH
ARE A MENACE TO YOUR
OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE
TO YOUR FRIENDS ?
V ....���'
Jf the dread of pain or your inability to meet the
exorbitant prices charged by other dentist* has
hitherto prevented you having yonr teeth attended to, listen to my message.
DENTISTRY AS I PRACTICE IT
IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID Of PAIN
Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely
no difference to me.
ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT
MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN
PAIN PROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.
So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say
to all  my patients:
\"IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"
And in comparison to the high prices charged by others
in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the
HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,
exceedingly low.
CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY
FOR A FREE EXAMINATION
.
Dr. T. Glendon Moody
Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's
Pioneer                                                          Painless
Dentist      COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist
Phone Seymour 1566
Objected to Interview
"But this is "merely an excuse.
I betrayed no.military secrets.
Everything I wrote was given me
by the officers belonging to headquarter staffs of the armies. In
several cases I wrote from note's
given me by the officers. In every
instance I told less, instead of
more, than I, was given permission to tell. And much of the
material I sent to the front for
approval after I had written it.
Almost all of. the material was
published by the censor's consent in English magazines, and
it is only when the articles are
incorporated in a book containing the interview with the Queen
that they  are  suppressed.
"What does the censor, sitting
safe at his desk in London, know
of conditions at the front, or
what may or'what may not be
safely told? I am a modest person, but I knew more in a minute of-the true situation in the
places I visited than the British
censor can know in a year. I've
been there! Please understand
that I am not defending myself.
I am merely accusing the censorship of stupidity.
A Singular Attitude
"The attitude of the British
censor," said Mrs. Rinehart, "is
utterly unlike that of the officers at the front, who really
know what may and what may
not be told safely."
"Are you going back?" I
asked.
- "I think not," said Mrs. Rinehart. "My family, after reading
the book, says that I am not going back."
"Another reason," said Mrs.
Rinehart, "has been advanced to
explain, the censor's action. Lord
Northcliffe was told by the censor, I believe, that it was feared that -the chapters criticising
the- French hospitals might offend the French.
"But this, too, is only an excuse. As a matter of fact, the
French press has criticized the
French hospitals extensively. The
reason for suppressing the book
which the censor gave in his letter to my publisher is that it
coutains information which may
be of value to the enemy. As
most of the things about which I
wrote may be seen with the naked eye by the Germans, and the
rest are plainly visible from the
enemy's aeroplanes, which are always hovering overhead, I am
afraid that the British censor is
attributing-to -the Germans -less
intelligence than the allied armies have found them to possess."
War Aids Democracy
"I suppose," I said, "that the
war is making the English people more and morn democratic.''
" Undoubtedly it is," said Mis.
Rinehart. "I do not mean that
class distinctions are gone. They
are not. There are times when
they seem to be obliterated, but
I daresay that is only temporary.
The real thing that has come to
England is that the war has
made an intolerant people tolerant, a selfish people unselfish.
"And, of course it has united
the kingdom. A nation is nothing more than a great family, its
members ready enough to quarrel among themselves, but ready
also to stand as a unit against
the world. "
"In a conversation with Winston Churchill, then First Lord,
at the British Admiralty, I asked whether a rumor I had heurd
at the iront had any foundation*,
of truth. This rumor was that
Germany was purposely antagonizing the United States, for two
reasons���one, to stop the shipments of munitions and horses to
the allies; the second., and more
far-seeing, to secure better terms
of peace when the end of the war
should come. America, more remote, not bitter with the accumulated bitterness of many years,
and partly German, might yield
better terms   of peace.   Winston
Churchill*s answer, carefully/considered, was that heN thought not.
Is Germany Afraid?
" 'The Americans are; bad
people to fight,' he said. 'No nation wishes to quarrel with them.
I am sure Germany does not.' "
I asked Mrs. Rinehart if there
was any truth in. the report that
some of the men on active service were doing work that deserved to be called literature.
"They are not producing literature in quantity," she answered. "Here and there, in the mass
of material that comes from the
trenches, is something so graphic and tense that it ceases to
be mere writing and becomes lit
erature. But, generally speaking,
I do not think that any of the
men at the front are producing
literature.
"This depends, of course, on
what is literature. If literature is
fine writing, I cannot see how it
can be done on active service.
Men at the front are thinking
in terms of life and death. Probably the best work on the field
will be done by those who have
had newspaper training, and
have learned to work under
stress.
"Personally, I do not believe
that much work of permanent
value, save as a record of conditions, will be done on the field.
The conditions are either intolerable boredom and waiting, under
strain, or horrifying activities.
After the fighting men return to
their norniai life and regain their
sense of perspective, there may
be an overwhelmingly great literature of the war. Most pf the
writing now, aside from that of
the correspondents, is being done
by men who by age or disability
have been unable to take the
field."
IRISH   ASSOCIATION
The bi-monthly meeting of the
Irish Association of British Col
bia was held- at Eagle's Hall on
Thursday, the 27th April, Mr. A
F. R. Mackintosh, president, in
the chair.
After routine business had
been transacted, the president re
ferred to the present crisis in
Ireland, and the following resolution, proposed by Mr. M. B.
O'Dell, and seconded by Mr. J.
Sterling, was unanimously passed:
"The Irish Association of
British Columbia, in meeting assembled at Vancouver, hereby
express their abhorrence of the
actions of Sir Roger Casement
and the adherents of the Sinn
Fein Party in their detestable ef
forts to stir up rebellion in Ire
land, especially at a time when
the call for adherents to the
cause of tlie empire is so strong
as at present, and hereby express their firm and unshaken
confidence in the unwavering
loyalty of Ireland as an integral
part of the British Empire. It
is our fervent hope to continue
to live and prosper under the
protection of. the British flag, and
we pledge ourselves to do everything in our power to frustrate
all attempts which may be made
against the  crown and empire."
It was arranged that copies of
the resolution be sent to Premier Asqxiith, Sir Edward Carson,
John Redmond, Augustine Bir-
rell and President Wilson.
A lengthy discussion took
place in regard to compensation
in the event of prohibition, in
which ail the members joined,
the majority expressing the
opinion that the license holders
should receive compensation.
The proceedings terminated
with the singing of the National
Anthem.
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TURKEY'S SAP PLIGHT
Enver Pasha has held power by his
control of the military machine alone;
but when the soldier can no longer be
fed, and when defeat in its most palpable form dogs the fortunes of the
leader, the power of the military
dictator, however absolute, is apt to
end abruptly. The one hope of Enver
and his associates is in the help of
Germany. But what help can Germany give? Her peninsular expedition is ending for ner as disastrously as Napoleon's did for him. Her
allies, Turkey and Bulgaria, in the
beggary and ruin to which she has
brought them, are loads rather than
supports. Feeling in Greece and Roumania is manifestly no longer what
Germany would wish it to be. Russia,^. 'going���_.froni,.._Jyictory ���Jto^Arjctpry
in the Caucasus, is massing for another blow in Bessarabia. The French
and British are still entrenched at
Salonika in ever-increasing strength,
impregnable themselves, merely waiting for the moment to strike. The
hour of Serbia's vengeance is nearer
than any would have dared to hope
some weeks ago.���From, the London
Daily News.
LOVE  CHANT HIT TEUTONS
Prepared
Madge���I wonder why Lucille
keeps her lips pursed up that
way.
Margaret���Oh, she believes in
preparedness.
C. Huntington Jacobs, the Harvard
senior whoso fiery sonnet, "Gott Mit
Uns," caused much comment last
winter, and influenced Professor
Kuno Meyer to write a letter to
President Lowell, of Harvard, berating the university authorities for
sanctioning the award of a prize for
such an unneutral poem, has written
another   poetical   attack   on  Germany.
Jacob's latest* poem decries the alliance of Germany with Turkey, and is
entitled "The Chant of Love." It. is
published in the current issue of The
Harvard Illustrated, and is a paraphrase to the English version of "Gott
Strafe England."  It follows:
Dane  and Bulgar they matter not;
A smile for a smile, and a plot  for a
plot;
We  love them  not,  they  love  us not;
We    hold    stern    power   their   heads
above,
We   bave but   one   and   only   love,
We hate as one, we love as one,
We  have   one   friend and  one alone���
Turkey!
He   is known   full   well, he   is known
full   well;
He  rules   the   Land   of   the  Crimson
Flood,
Rich in   madness,"in   race,  in craft   of
hell,
Cut off bj' torrents of Christian blood,
Come   let  us  greet him  hand to  hand,
An oath to offer sublimely grand.
An  oath which  conscience shall  never
shake,
An oath   for our  sons   and   their  sons
to  take.
Come hear the word repeat the word,
Through    Kultur's    citadels   make . it
heard;
We  will never  repent our  love,
We have all but a single love;
We hate as one, we love as one,
We have   one friend  and  one alone���
Turkey!
Take ye the robe of our God in pay,
With   Kultur,from   Krupp   your   ramparts lay;^
Trample   their   towns   to   a   Belgian
slough;
Ye are keen  for  the work, and wc '11
show  you how;
Dane   and   Bulgar   they   matter   not;
A   smile for   a smile, and   a plot   for
a   plot;
We have fettered their arms with quill
and   steel,
And the scars   of our   lash   are slow
-j.,.-:--.JtP-^heal,..._..._._._____. ..__ -_..-___,,_;__. ;.___-_���_.. ..���_���
But you will we  love with a kindred
love;
We will never repent our love!
Love  in lying and treachery,
Love in battle and butchery,
Love  of  the  cleaver  and love of  the
crown,
Love    of   a    nation    to  hell   brought
down!
We hate as one, we love as one,
We  have one  friend  and one  alone���
Turkey!
The   poem  has   aroused widespread
interest among the undergraduates.
���The New York   Times.
THE ENGLISH FREIGHTER
-Snub-nosed,      bullnecked,
and   spar  askew,
funnel
Dour, glum, and sullen, like a surly
I saw   her   drop   into   the April   fog.
Around   her  masts   a   hundred   seagulls flew,
Each   with a cry   of warning,  but she
knew
No   fear   or   thought   of fear;   her
steadfast log
Swerved not for U-boat, Beelzebub, or
Gog;
Proud   at  her   stern   old   England's
scarle blew.
What was   she, she   who faded in   the
night?
Some   dauntless  bark   of   Frobisher
or  Drake?
Some echo of   the guns   of Trafalgar?
Was    she    not    England?    England
wrong or  right,
Strong,  ever  strong, upon the  English
lake,
Empress  n peace,   and   tyrant   hard
in war,
���Earl   Simonson, in   the   New York
Tribune.
"I have often stood in a slaughterhouse," observed the man from Chicago, "while the butchers were killing hogs  on  all  sides  of me.''
"Ob," exclaimed the tender-hearted girl, "weren't you dreadfully
l afraid?" THE WESTERN  GALL  Friday, May 5, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY FRIDAY  By the : X'X  McConnells, Publishers, Limited    :  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  MR. STEVENS' POLICY FOR  RETURNED SOLDIERS  . In the House of Commons during the recent debate on the  shipping question, Mr. H. H;  Stevens, member for Vancouver,  took occasion to criticize in no  uncertain terms the prodigal  waste of valuable time in discussing many problems of secondary  importance while the urgent matter of the readjustment of labor conditions after the. war  was left practically untouched.  "In my estimation there is no  greater problem facing the Dominion of Canada today than the  problem pf what we are going  to do to reorganize the nation's  industrial and commercial life after the war,'*' said Mr. Stevens.  The member for Vancouver drew  attention to the fact that in a  general disruption of trade such  as the present war has brought  about, men do not fall back into  their places and occupations  readily. To prove this he cited  examples from his experiences in  this city last winter, "notably the  cases of a bank clerk who wanted farm work and a young farmer who wanted a city job.  Replying to a remark from  Dr. Pugsley that the man must  have been after a government  job, Mr.  Stevens rejoined:  "He was after a government  job; and I may tell my honourable friend that I recom-  - mended him and about; thirty  others for government jobs.  And further to gratify my hon-  ; prable friend in. his little gibe,  I have ��������� adopted the policy in  Vancouver that no one but a  returned soldier gets a government job, and if <. my .honourable friend does not agree  with that policy he may as well  say so. So far as patronage  is concerned, if that is what  the honouragle gentleman  wants to introduce at this  time, I would not give a snap  of my fingers if all the patronage in my riding were undertaken tomorrow by a commission. Patrona ge has no attraction for me; it is the curse of.  public life. But that is the situation and the facts, that these  men come back to Canada \vith  all their former ideas disrupted and changed; they have  been   taken   out' of   the ruts  -^they= were 4n before,---and-.-they-  are going to demand a different . outlook on life. The return of 250,000 or 300,000 of  these men will have a very  serious effect upon the affairs  of the country."  There is little doubt that the  interests of the returned soldier  will be properly recognized  in this constituency, biit what of  the rest of the country? Why  could not a resolution be introduced before the close of the  present session binding the government to a general recognition  of tlie claims of these men who  will be returning in large numbers before long to swell the  ranks of the unemployed V How  far is patronage likely to impair the chances of these maimed soldiers of. getting employment with the government in  lines more suitable for them  than the ordinary run of work?  many people have worked Avon-,  ders with, even small city plots.  :; The advantages of cultivating  one's own garden, always mani-j-  f.est, are more apparent than ever  when the cost of living is rising.  The beauty of this healthful  pastime is that a careful amateur may produce as much as an  ^experienced professional. The  earth wants merely the seeds and  the attention,_ and that is some-  hing the amateur can give in the  same degree as the .professional.  A home garden employs the  mind and takes one out into the  open after the day's work is  done. Are you "digging your  bit" this summer?  SHIPBUILDING   PROBLEMS  The momentous question of a  Canadian merchant marine was  once more brought up for discussion in the House by H. H.  Stevens, M. P., who drew particular attention to the importance  of. foreign markets after the  war. Russia, a country of 170,-  000,000 people, he said, was com-  parativefjy undeveloped. That  country would in the next few  years demand more railroad  steel than any other country in  the world. They would require  certain of our natural products  such as silver, lead and copper,  in abundance, and we would  import many valuable . articles  which we cannot and do not produce at home. "It is a country  which may be reached by both  our seaboards with equal facility, through Archangel on the  Atlantic and Vladivostock on the  Pacific side; a country which is  open to our trade and waiting  for development," said Mr. Steven.  Much stress was laid upon the  fact that the withdrawal of tonnage from the usual trade routes  for transport services and also  the submarine policy of Germany haye been the real cause  why freight rates have increased  so alarmingly. Mr. Stevens did  not think that much could be  done to stimulate ship-building  in Canada when steel plates and  ship-angles were high in price  owing to the large demand in  other places. But as regarded the  building of wooden vessels with  cheap auxiliary power it was a  different matter. "On the Pacific coast," said he, "we have  peculiar facilities for this class  of industry. We have the timber. We have the trade waiting  for ships to carry it, and if  we had the tonnage we could  today be shipping millions of feet  of dumber to the-markets-of-the  world. I certainly agree that  this is an opportune time for  dealing^ with the question of  shipbuilding."  It Avas shoAvn also that nearly all the material used" in shipbuilding comes in duty free with  the exception of boilers and engines. And these can be made  with the greatest success in Canada.  The efforts of Mr. Stevens to  instil a spirit of enthusiasm into  the government regarding this  issue are only Avhat might have  been expected; one can only hope  that it wil] result in an intelligent and friendly discussion of  the subject along real commer-  cial lines Avith a A'ieAV to the future development of our foreign  trade.  brightest and cleanest boys on  the hill, a source of strength and  encouragement to his. mother,  and a splendid companion among  his chums. -        x  The tragedy occurred between  10 and 12 on Friday. The (body  was recovered about noon on  Saturday, and the coroner;notified as soon as he. could be reached, Avhich was early in the afternoon. Instead of exercising a  slight trace of humanity and common sense, the coroner at North  Vancouver evidenced a marked  degree of stupidity and ordered  the inquest for 3 o'clock on Monday afternoon. Two witnesses  only were required to confirm  the verdict of accidental death,  which Avas done in ten minutes.  On the earnest solicitation of  friends of the family the coroner altered the hour of inquest  to 10 o'clock Monday morning.  The result of his gross stupidity  was that the bereaved family  Avere denied the privilege of having the remains of their loved  one in the home pending the  funeral. Imagine the feelings  of the grief-stricken household  at such inhuman treatment, and  this at the hands of a member  of a profession that is supposed  to exist for the alleviation of  suffering. It is to be hoped that  this instance will not escape the  attention of the higher-ups, who  might be induced to bring pressure to bear on their appointees  that a repetition of cases of this  sort can not occur.  ducive to perfect safety to our  young people, and it seems to us  that fathers and mothers '^puld  do well to heed a timely warning and see to it that their- boys  and girls have the proper protection during their sumiaer outings.  The departure for the front of  a thousand dusky recruits from'  the Society Islands gives a new  turn to the social questions arising out of the war.  #    *    # ���������  The arguments brought out by  the liquor party in favor of compensation remind us hoAV easy it  is for "the devil to cite scripture for his purpose."  ������   * ���������'���������������������������  It is an assured fact that those  of us who stay in the city this  summer will have our eyes gladdened by more than the usual  number of window boxes. Those  Avho helped to beautify the city  last year will certainly feel.. en-  couraged to repeat the good work  this year. If they only knew how  much pleasure their thoughtful-  ness gave to numbers of strangers they Avould feel amply repaid.  LOCAL BUSINESS MEN  TO MAKETTRADE TOUR  THE   PATRIOTIC   HOBBY  During the coming season there  -will be an additional zest to the  hobby of gardening���������the patriotic desire to produce something  from the soil. Gardening has al-  Avays appealed strongly to residents of our cities, in that it in-  A'olves a considerable amount of  manual labor and an abundance  of fresh air���������the very best of  tonics. Of course the opportunities to indulge this pastime are  rather restricted in the city on  account of  lack   of  land.      But  COMPENSATION  Readers of the daily papers  could not fail to notice an advertisement on behalf of the devotees of compensation to the liquor interests which made reference to the opinions of the Westminster Review anent the granting of compensation to the liquor men. '  The- ad-Avriters displayed just  that degree of recknessless Avhich  is being manifested by the liquor  men in their desire to hoodwink  tlhe public from the real issue,  when they quoted an editorial  expression in said magazine as  representing the Presbyterian  denomination of British Columbia at large.  For the enlightenment, of the  liquor dealers and the easy marks  Avho will have the privilege of  the franchise at the referendum  to be taken at the provincial  elections, the attitude of the Presbyterian Synod of British Columbia at its convention in Victoria /recently made no mention  of��������� comp ensation- when a motion  endorsing the action of the People's Prohibition Committee was  unanimously adopted.  The Westminster RevieAv is not  an official organ of the Presbyterian church in British Columbia, but is the outgroAvth of the  Westminster HaUl Magazine, a  publication under the management and control of Mr. D. A.  Chalmers.  Weatherman Shearman has  handed out the folloAving weather report for Vancouver for  the Aveek ending May 2:  Rain: .11 inches.  Sunshine: 62 hours, 12 min.  Highest temperature: 68 degrees on May 2.  Lowest temperature: 41 degrees, on April 29.  Vancouver business mema*re  arranging, through the B:;/CJ  Manufacturers' Association;' to  made a trade tour of all the coast  toAvns of the province . between  here and Prince Rupert, ,��������� also  touching at Skeena and :Naas  River points. The trip is planned  for June, and it is expected from  present indications that at least  tAvo hundred will be aboard the  vessel Avhich is to be specially  chartered for the excursion. Mr.1  J. Hart, secretary of the association, says that with one or  tAvo exceptions business locally is  steadily improving, and the object of this journey is to bring  merchants more into contact  with the trade requirements' arid  opportunities of the northern  part of the province.  fields. /These relics have: been  view at some of the company!  larger.) stores^ and jire flow b\  ing: again shown in Vancouver.  ���������The relics are. all: of the  most interest, and consist of sul  objects as helmets, French kei  haversacks, military coats, frai  ments of shells, swords, cartrio  iges, rifles and bayonets The"!  articles Will be sold by auetioi  and the proceeds will be donate|  to the society.  COMMITTEE    MEETING  RED CROSS LINEN  COLLECTION MAY 15  DROWNING   FATALITY  The people of Mount Pleasant  were shocked on Friday last by  the droAvning of Hugh Leith in  the Capilano river. The young  felloAv had crossed the inlet to  enjoy a day's fishing Avith a companion Avhen the accident occurred. Death under any .circumstance' is a severe bloAV to the  relatives, but doubly so in this  ease. Hugh Avas the eldest of a  family of three, sons of the late  Thomas Leith, aud the tragedy  leaves a gap in a home that Avill  be* A'acant for all time.  Hugh   Leith Avas   one   of   the  Weatherman Shearman has  handed out the following monthly report for the month of  April:  Highest temperature: 61.7 degrees on April 30; loAvest temperature: 34.3 deg. on April 23;  average temperature: 48 degrees;  rain, 4.07 inches; bright sunshine: 141 hours, 30 mins.;  mean relative humidity: 80 deg.;  Avind, total miles, 4057; greatest  velocity, 1 hr. 19 miles west on  llth; prevailing direction, east.  An ounce of prevention is  worth a pound of, cure, but a  pound of cure is Avorth a ton  of I-told-you-so.  Linen week, for the collection  of . old and neAv household, linen,  which is being conducted by the  local branch of the Red, Cross  Society, has been.'fixed to begin  on Monday, May 15. Such articles as sheets, pillowslips, table  linen and cotton can be conveniently spared by many, households, and if donated to the Red  Cross Society these articles can  be used to great advantage in  making up surgical supplies.  Preliminary arrangements to  carry out the great amount of  work which such an undertaking  necessarily involves, were completed at a meeting of the committee which has charge of linen  week. This committee is presided  over by Mr. Edward Mahon, and  consists of the chairmen of the  various ward branches and suburban auxiliaries. Each branch is  to have charge' of the organizing  and collecting in its particular  district, and . is to co-operate  Avith the central committee. Fur  ther details will be announced in  due course.  A valuable gift Avhich the society greatly appreciates, is the  offer whieh has generously been  made by Mr. H. Lockyer, manager of the Hudson's Bay Company, of a large number of Avar  relics from the European battle-  A meeting of the Shakespeari  Tercentenary   Celebration    com!  mittee   will   be   held   this   (Fi  day)  evening at 8.30 in the office  of  Mr.   Dunbar Taylor,  Pacific  Building. The business will    include reports on the recent celebration   in Vancouver and.   thel  presentation    of   the     financial!  statement.      Arrangements    will!  probably be made for the prize-J  giving in    connection   with   the]  Shakespearean   essays   competition. The meeting is open to the j  public. c  RICE IN SIAM  More than forty varieties of!  rice are cultivated in Siam, but I  the so-called garden rice forms  the bulk bf the rice, that is ex-1  ported and is the best as to j  quality. The total rice exports]  for 1914-15 amounted to 1,226,-  269 tons, against 1,314,858 tons J  for the preceding season.  The     plowing    and    plantingl  season      generally     begins      in!  April, when the rain has fallen!  sufficiently   to    admit    of " wetj  ploAving,"   and continues    until]  the end of the rainy season, in]  October.   During  this   time several varieties of rice may be cultivated,    ripening    at    different]  dates, so that planting and harvesting  can  be carried  on. successively.  His Punishment  "You say that; you inust face  the music this evening: What's  Avrong?"  "My Avife is going to entertain her musical friends."  Casting sheep's eyes at a man  is one Avay a. girl has of pulling  the avooI over his eyes.  THE   UNACCOMPANIED   BOY  It is fitting to draAv the attention of the public to the many  cases Avithin recent years of serious and often fatal accidents  happening to youths Avho go off  on Jiil.es, fishing and boating  trips Avithout the companionship  of an adult.  No one will deny the desirability of the boys having an outing,  but very many mothers Avould  haAre a much easier feeling Avere  the youths accompanied on their  jaunts by some "one Avho Avas old  enough and capable enough of  seeing to the "safety of. the  boys.  In the ease of the late Hugh  Leith the presence of some older  companion no doubt Avould have  saved the boy from the fatality Avhich Ave are forced to chronicle.  Ere long the summer A-acation  Avill be here and the boys and  girls Avill be turned loose for two  months. The natural surroundings of the eity are not all con-  CANADA'S CAUU  FOR SERVICE AT HOME  Produce More and Save More  The Empire needs food. If you are not in the fighting line you may be in the producing line. Labour  is limited���������all the more reason to do more than ever  before. Grow food for the men who are fighting for you. The Allies need all the food that  you can produce. Every little helps. You are responsible for your own work. If you  cannot produce as much as you would like, produce all you can. Work with the right  spirit. Put fighting energy into your effort and produce now when it counts. The more  you produce the more you can save.   Producing and saving are war-sendee.  Make Your Labour Efficient  In war-time do not waste time ahd energy on unimportant and unprofitable work. Economize labour.  Put off unproductive work till after the war, and, if  possible, help in producing something needed now. Let us not waste labour. Canada  needs it all. If possible help to feed the Allies. Make your backyard a productive garden.  Cultivate it with a will.   Make your labour count for as much as possible.  Do Not Waste Materials  There should be no waste in war-time. Canada could  pay the annual interest on her war expenditure out  of what we waste on our farms, in our factories, in  our homes. Every pound of food saved from waste is as good as a pound of increased  production. The way for a nation to save is for every individual to save. France is strong  to-day because of thrift in time of peace. The men and women of Great Britain are not  only " doing " but are learning to " do-without."  Spend Your Money Wisely  finance the war  better investment.  Practise economy in the home by eliminating luxuries.    Wasting our dollars here weakens our strength  at the Front.     Your sa-vings   will help Canada to  Save your money for the next Dominion War issue.    There can be no  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF   CANADA  THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE  THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE Friday, May 5, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  ings of Mt. Pleas-ant's  Most Progressive Merchants  *t'v'3l  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT  PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  _.T.   We know this-WE'VE TRIED IT OUT.   You'll know it, too, if  BEAT.  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL .AND SAVE  MONEY."  LAWN   MOWERS  SHARPENED RIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for aad deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow.     24������  T������iM|iiwi   "uuu" ��������� BROADWAY  Grinding Company*    west  SPECIAL  Trimmed Hats $3.45  Don't  Experiment  With New  Chick Feeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED has been  tried for years and produces fine  healthy chicks.   Made   and sold   hy  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Peed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Miss McLi  .iss JYicijenagi  2410 Main Street  xen  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone Eraser   175  Collingwood,    280   Joyce  Street  i Phone:   Collingwood   153  A BRILLIANT TRIO  The Helping Hand Committee  of Alexandra Review No. 7,  Woman's Benefit Association of  the Maccabees, met yesterday at  the home of Mrs. Miller, Stephen street. There was an unusually large attendance and it  was .decided to hold the next  meeting at the home of Mrs.  Nelson Martin ,13th- avenue east,  on the first Thursday in June.  Got the Dairymen's "Goat"  There was jubilation in the  camp of the milk-wagon-drivers  last night when, at an impromptu  meeting held at the rear of the  excavation tor the new theatre  at the corner of Main and Broadway the leaders of the men stood  on a,; lumber pile and announced  that the three main demands of  the. men had been practically  granted by the milk dealers. Previously a conference at the premises of the Pure Milk Dairy, on  Broadway, attended by five  milk dealers, Messrs. Barker,  Belderson, Clark, Turner and  Garvin, and a committee of five  for the men, Messrs. Anderson,  Tiller, Porter, Sheldon and Hewitt, had ended, at which the demands of the men had been discussed. At the conference the  three demands on which the  men are standing firmly, for recognition of the union; that the  practice of. deducting the losses  from bad accounts from the pay  of the men be discontinued, and  that a yearly holiday be granted  were practically agreed to by the  dairymen, and at another conference to be held this evening. It  is expected that the proposed  agreement as drafted by the men  would be signed by the dealers.  BRIGADIER McLEAN  Wbo -will conduct special Salvation Army meetings at tne Gita  del, Mt. Pleasant.  A GARPEWNG HINT  A wedding was solemnized at  the home of Mr. and Mrs. Shur-  gold, 562 17th ave. west this  week, when Rev. A. E. Mitchell  performed the ceremony uniting  Mr. Roy Tarp, of Seattle, and  Miss Margaret Shurgold. The  young couple will reside in Seattle.  Egotism  Billy���������I would gladly  die for  you, but for one thing.  Hilly���������And that is?  Billy���������I'm. afraid    you  never replace the loss.  could  Simplicity should be the aim  in all ways, a simple plan to begin with, avoidance of overcrowding and never planting or  sowing things that have not  proved themselves adapted to the  climate and their environment.  Certain things will not live, or  if they do, merely exist, and this  fact cannot be too strongly impressed upon those who have  journeyed from the old land.  There is Avisdom in looking round  and taking heed of what others  have accomplished, learning from  their failures what not to do  and from their successes exactly  what to do in due season.  Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Pettipiece,  of Bear Creek, 33. C, are visiting friends in Mount Pleasant  and vicinity.  THE advent of the Cherniavsky  trio in this part of the western world last Monday night  is a never-to-bo-forgOtten event  by those whose rare privilege it  was to hear three of the mosij extraordinary musical artists who have  recently appeared in the world's  muajkad firmament. For at the  most brilliant and delightful musical festival ever held in Vancouver  they demonstrated to a large and  enthusiastic audience how susceptible  to new movements and to originality of interpretation, without "losing  any of their former intrinsic beauty,  are the works, of the great masr  ters. The freedom of their treatment and the abandon of their playing was not only a complete novelty  to tho record audience which greeted them in St. Andrew's church,  but it carried every heart by  storm, so magnificent and inspiring  were   the   resultant  effects.  The concert opened with' a stir-  ing performance of Mendelssohn's  famous Trio No. 1 for piano, violin and  violoncello which showed to full -^advantage the Cherniavsky Brothers'  rare handling of ensemble work and  the close harmony .which they maintain throughout the most difficult porr  tions of their numbers. The striking  variety of the four movements of this  trio afforded the scope necessary to  the full display of the unusual artistry of the performers; for whereas  they rendered the Slolto Allegro* e'd  agitato movement with smooth, rhy  thmic effect, faultless dramatic pauses and lingering cadences, they rendered the Scherzo-Leggiero e Vivaee  movement with a fire and a perfect  torrent of ecstatic frenzy which carried the audience out of themselves  and made everyone feel that they  were listening to something entirely  new in musical  composition.  The violoncello solos which followed will always vibrate in the memory  of those hearing them. Mischel Cherniavsky is undoubtedly one of the  few great masters of the 'cello, and  his instrument seems to have become  a part of himself, so sympathetically  does he handle it. His rich interpretation of Sulzer's "Summer Night,"  his melodious, rendering of Vietor Herbert's "Serenade," and his fantastic reproduction of Popper's "Rhapr  sodie," were ~all~ characterized by th e  beauty of tone and coloring for which  he is justly famous. He gave a particularly sympathetic and finished interpretation of the "Ehapsodie," and  it was evident that its harmonies were  in peculiar accord with his Slavonic  nature and "Russian temperament. The  notes which he produced were like  the tones of a marvellously rich voice.  He received an ovation which brought  as   encore another Popper  number.  The pianoforte solos by Jan Cher  niavsky were equally delightful in  their way. This artist contributed  three Chopin numbers, namely, the  "Nocturne in D Plat," the "Studio  in F Major," and the "Valse in G  Plat," in a manner which made one  feel that he was himself Chopin personified and yet with an originality  of interpretation and a spirit of un-  conventionality which is peculiarly a  Cherniavsky characteristic. His rendition of Liszt's transcription of the  music   of   the   quartette   from. Verdi's  prior to   its publication.  The concluding trios, Widor's "Serenade," Schubert's "Moment Musi-  cale," and Brahms' "Slav Dance,"  were further examples of the fine  ensemble work, the Slav Dance receiving, for the first time in the memory of a Vancouver audience, the true  atmospheric qualities which properly  belong to it. A word must be said  for the very surprising, novel and  delightful interpretation of their encore, Mendelssohn's '' Spring Song,''  which was something entirely new in  time and rhythm and theme.  This most delightful evening was  brought to a 'close with an inspiring  rendition of the Russian, French and  British National Anthems,, the audience standing. .  Before the audience dispersed they  were delighted with the announcement  that the Cherniavskys will give another recital on Monday evening  next,   May   8th.  One-Tkiri Off All  Easter T^Lillinery  Acme Millinery and Dry Goods  Store "���������'''">;    '������������������  670 Broadway E. Open Evenings  FOR THE FINEST  ���������  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  u*  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  Butter  at Pike's  , Always fresh in refrigerator  S18 BROADWAY E. (Nut Dairy)  Phone: Fair. 1367  FAIRMONT RENOVATORY  Fair.    172 753    B'way    B.  r ..'     Ladies'   and  Men's  Suits   Sponged   and   Pressed  ..50c  Sponge   Cleaning   and   Pressing' 75c  French Dry   or   Steam Cleaning   and  Pressing fl.50  SHRAPNEL  MBS.   McLEAN  Who . Will Conduct Temperance  and   Prohibition   meetings   for  the Salvation Array.  Force of habit ^=  Wild-Eyed Aide de Camp ���������  General, the enemy is outside!  General (just graduated from  the ranks of business, petulantly)���������Tell him I'm busy. Ask him  what  he  wants.  Disqualified  The rollicking middle-aged  man and the dignified little girl  were left to entertain one another. He began it by asking  for a kiss.  "Kissing is only for children,"  she said.  'VWeli, aren't you a child?"  "Perhaps," said she, "but I  don't call you one."  opera "Rigoletto," was something  surpassing description, and he sustained the theme with wonderful distinctness throughout the intricacies of  "ihe | varying text. The audience gave  him an enthusiastic applause, to which  he .responded with  an encore.  After an interval of ten minutes  Leo Cherniavsky contributed Tschaik-  owsky's ���������* wonderful "Violin Concerto  First Movement." That this amazing  number was above the heads of his  audience would be saying little and  yet all appreciated the tour de force  of the number, as he rendered it, and  everyone divined the artist in the  man who could produce sucha tremendous work with such color and such  shading of expression and sueh tonal  beauties in the face of great technical difficulties. His bowing and  finger-work were perfect. His triumphant execution was shown by his  ability to hold his audience spellbound from first to last. His encore,  "Imagination," is a composition new  to the musical world, having been  written for him by a young Eussian  publisher,  and   which   he   is   pllaying  PJ.ANT  A VEGETABLE  GARDEN  A garden 60x100 feet should  produce sufficient vegetables  for a family of ten persons and  leave some surplus for storage  for winter. Cultivated by hand, it  will occupy most of the spare  time of a city dweller. A man  cannot be a motor car or baseball  enthusiast and at the same time  make a success of a garden of  this size. However, even smaller  plots, if intelligently handled,  may be made to yield an astonishing quantity of good crisp  vegetables which have not lost  their health-preserving value in  the store window. "Where the  space available is small, crops  should be selected that take but  little space and give quick re  turns. Potatoes, cabbage, corn,  egg-plant, peppers, had better be  dispensed with, and the space devoted to such things as peas,  beans, spinach, lettuce, carrots,  beets, tomatoes and onions. Tom  atoes should be stake trained.  The cultivation of vegetables  is easy and agreeable, and inthe  days when meat, eggs, milk and  other staple articles are tending  steadily to increase in price, a  wider *use of. vegetable foods will  reduce living expenses and promote health.  The best time to do garden  work is early in the morning and  in the evening, so that it is well  to encourage the healthful, habit  of early retiring and early rising.  'If the work is done for the love  of it, rather than from necessity, these hours will be the most  agreeable of the   day.  Too Many  They tell a story in New Zealand  of a farewell function to some officers who had recently been married.  One of the speakers, was* endeavoring  to emphasize this fact on the gathering,  but he did it  rather awkwardly.  '' Two of our friends,'' he said,  "are leaving 1915 brides behind."  (Loud   applause).  '���������#*������������  Being Neutral  The most prevalent form of neutrality we have noted is the remarkable neutrality maintained by many  folks between God and  the devil.  *   *    *    *  A Hero's Nightmare  Wounded soldier (to man in next  cot)���������Charlie, I just 'ad a most 'orri-  ble dream. I dreamt I 'eard the  whistle to charge, and I was a "conscientious objector!"���������From the Passing   Show.  #*   #    #    ������  Decorated for Cause  The Kaiser has bestowed the Iron  Cross on Herr Ballin, director-general  of the Hamburg-American steamship  line. He no doubt deserved the decoration, having faithfully followed so  far the Teuton policy of keeping his  vessels safe in the harbor.  Still a Lease on Life  The Cook���������"Sir! , sir! There's a  Zep'lin outside, and if you don't come  wi' the keys of the cellar, we'll all  be in���������in���������heaven in a couple o' minutes!"  The Curate���������"God forbid!"���������London   Opinion.  #    *    *    *  German chemists may have found  substitutes for food, for manganese,  for rubber and other necessities, but  the waning force of the drive against  Verdun indicates that they have not  yet discovered a substitute for blood.  ���������New   York   Sun.  Mr. Pessimist (cheering up, as he  reads paper)���������British Mesopotamian  success.  Mrs. Pessimist���������That's the worst of  it. They mess up all their successes.  ���������Punch.  ���������    *    *    *  At a reception in Paris a traveller,  who was a strong "anti-Semite," was  talking to a Rothschild on the beauties of the Island of Tahiti, and sarcastically remarked: "There are  neither hogs nor Jews there!" "Indeed!" retorted the Rothschild,  "Then you and I should go there to-  gethre. We should be great curiosities."       '  Here is an extract from a Jack  Tar's letter, sent to his mother from  the   Dardanelles:  "Mother, it is sometimes very hot  out here when the shells are dropping  all about you and the submarines are  hoyeringround, and you may strike a  mine at any minute. At first I was a  bit scared, but I remembered the  words of the chaplain last Sunday  when he said: 'Men, men, in times  of trial and danger, look upwards.'  I did look upward, mother, and if  there wasn't a blooming aeroplane  dropping   bombs   on us!'-'���������Tit-Bits.,  Germany's Cass -'  Are you a baseball' fan? Have  you ever sat through a game when the  weather was threatening, and at the  end of the fifth inning, with the home  team One run to the good, yon prayed fervently for rain?  Well, that's just how the Huns are  now  praying  for  peace.  The Off Season  Percy Ames, who is just back from  the, warring aide of the world, says  a mustering officer���������a sergeant���������-ni''Bt  on the street of an English coast village a strapping upstanding youngster of 21 years or thereabouts. The  non-com  hailed him:  'ere, me lad," he said: "are  good   'ealth?"  "See  you   in  "I are," stated the youth.  "Are   you   married?"   >       '    '  "I  aren't." -  '' 'Ave you anyone dependent on  you?"  "I   'ave not."  "Then your king and country need  you.  Why don't you  enlist?"  The    youth   stared   at  the    sergeant,  round-eyed.  "Wot?" he said. "With this  bloomin' war going on? You must  think I'm a  silly fool."  * *    *    *  Burglar���������The only thing I'm kicking about is bein' identified by a  man who kep' his head under the  bedclothes the whole time. That's  wrong.���������London Opinion.  .--���������_._a_.^..-.-..-r._-.^.^_-.^^i������^i-.#.=-_s.#.-.^������^-_J1.--ir^_____-^  The Lady���������The last officer billeted  on us knew no one else in the neighborhood.  The    Officer���������Great     Scott!       How  awful.  ������    #    #    ������  Mcintosh��������� What're    ye hesitatin'  aboot, Tammas?    Play off, mon!  Me"Nab���������Mon, . yon's    a bran'new  two shillin' "ba"���������and I may never  see it again!���������Judge..  * *    *    *  Tramp���������Please, mum, I'm a Belgian  refugee.  Lady���������Are yon? Mention a town in  Belgium.  Tramp (cogitating a moment) ��������� I  would, mum,, but they have all been  destroved.  German Opera,  in  Turkey  For the first time in the history of  Constantinople a German opera has  been given in the Turkish capital.  Kicnzl's "Der Evangelimann," whieh  still retains its place in tlie repertoire of the German lyrie stage, is  the work thus singled out for distinction. With an orchestra of forty musicians and a chorus composed of  amateur singers, the performance was  given under the direction of an ex-  opera singer named Ernst Von El-  berfeld. What impression the opera  made upon its first Turkish audience  is  not  mentioned  in  the report.  AROUU  Gefis msntooUacca 1  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, May 5, 1916x1  \\r  HOME  TABLE  RECIPES  It will be the aim of the Editor of,this department to furnish the women reladers of the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  BREAD, BISCUIT, HOT CAKES, ETC.  Bread is confessedly the "staff of life," and,  therefore, it should be good. And whatever  takes the place of bread, be���������it biscuits, hot cakes,  muffins, or1 what not; should also be good, or  nothing is gained by the exchange. Many a  housekeeper can make excellent pies, cakes, etc.,  but when bread is needed, she flies to the bakery,  confessing her total inability to prepare this indispensable commodity.  Three things are essential to the making of  good bread, namely, good flour, good yeast, and  judicious baking. A fourth might be added, experience, without which none of the domestic  arts can be successively carried on.  Wheat Bread  Put seven pounds of. flour into a breadpan;  hollow out the centre, and add a quart of lukewarm water, a teaspoonful of salt, and a wine-  glassful of yeast. Have ready more warm water, and add gradually as much as will make  a smooth, soft dough. Knead it well, dust a little flour over it, cover it with a cloth, and set  it in a warm place four hours; then knead it  again for fifteen minutes and let it rise again.  Divide it into loaves, and prick them with a fork,  and bake in a quick oven from forty minutes to  an hour.  ���������   ������   ���������  Potato Bread  Three and one-half quarts of sifted flour,  three boiled potatoes, one quart warm water, one  teacupful of yeast,. one even tablespoonful salt.  Mix at night; put the flour in a large bowl? hollow a place in the centre for the mashed potatoes, water and salt. Stir in flour enough to  make a smooth batter; add yeast; stir in the  rest of. the flour. Put the dough on the floured  board; knead fifteen minutes, using barely  enough flour to prevent sticking. Flour the bowl,  lay the dough in it, cover and leave it to rise.  In the morning, divide in four parts; mold into  loaves; when light, prick, and bake in a moderate  oven.  Milk Bread  Let two quarts of milk come to a boil; stand  it aside to cool, and when it becomes tepid, add  flour to it gradually until it makes a batter just  soft enough to beat up with a spoon. To this  add one cake of compressed yeast thoroughly  dissolved in lukewarm water. The batter  should then be well beaten Cover with a towel  and set in a warm place to rise. When light,  add two tablespoonfuls of salt, one of lard, one  of light brown sugar, and flour enough to make  a soft dough. Knead steadily for about half an  hour. This quantity should make four or five  medium-sized loaves. Put them in greased pans  and let them rise again. When light, prick with  a fork and bake in a quick oven.  Com Bread  Take one cup of bread-crumbs, one pint of  sweet milk, one cup of molasses, butter the size  of au egg, one teaspoonful of soda, corn-meal  enough to make a stiff batter, with salt to taste.  Turn the whole into a buttered basin and steam  for two hours; then bake in a quick oven half an  hour.  Boston Brown Bread  , Take three and three-fourths cupfuls of Indian corn-meal, two and one-half cupfuls rye-  meal, two-thirds cupful molasses, one quart milk,  either sweet or sour; two even teaspoonfuls soda,  dissolved in the milk; steam in a tin pudding  boiler five hours; take off the cover and set in  the oven to brown.  #   #    *  Brown Bread  Two heaping cupfuls Indian meal, one cupful  wheat flour, two heaping teaspoonfuls Durkee's  baking-powder; mix well together while dry;  one teaspoonful salt, two tablespoonfuls white  sugar, two eggs, one tablespoonful lard, two and  a half cupfuls cold milk; beat the eggs, melt the  lard, and dissolve the salt and sugar in the  milk before adding them to the flour; bake in  buttered pans in a quick oven.  Graham Bread  Three quarts of Graham flour; one quart of  warm water; one gill of yeast; one gill of sirup;  one tablespoonful of salt; one even teaspoonful  of soda. Mix thoroughly and put in well-buttered pahs to rise. Bake about an hour and a  half. This same mixture may be thinned and  baked in gem pans for Graham gems.  TOAST ���������  As a palatable method of disposing of stale  bread, as weuVas to furnish a. variety of agreeable dishes, toast is an important factor in the  culinary economy of the homfe. As a dish for  invalids it is indispensable.  French Toast  Beat three eggs light, add one cupful of milk,  with pepper and salt to taste. Dip into this  slices of bread, then fry them in hot butter to  a delicate brown.    ' '".'.:" 'x' '  Milk Toast  Toast the bread an even, delicate brown, and  pile into a hot dish. Boil milk with a little salt,  a teaspoonful of flour, and one of butter^ rubbed together; pour it over the toast and serve  hot.  .**,-*-*-���������  Cream Toast  Take slices of. baker's bread from which the  crust has been pared and toast it to a golden  brown: Have on the range a shallow bowl or  pudding-dish, more than half full of boiling water, in which a tablespoonful of butter has been  melted. As each slice is toasted, dip in this for  a second, sprinkle lightly with salt, and lay  in the deep heated dish in which it is to be  served. Have ready,, by the time all the bread  is toasted, a quart of milk scalding hot, but not  boiling. Thicken this with two tablespoonfuls  of corn-starch or best flour; let it simmer until  cooked; put in two tablespoonfuls of butter, and  when this is melted, the beaten whites of three  eggs. Boil up once, and pour over the toast,  lifting the lower slices one by one, that the  creamy mixture may run in between them. ^Cover  closely, and set in the- oven two or three minutes before  serving. - ' r     r  WASHINGTON AND GERMANY  Berlin despatches seem to indicate that, as a result of the latest  note from Washington the German  government may promise modification  of its submarine warfare. Such action would mean either that Germany  feared the moral effect of a rupture  of diplomatic relations with the  United States or-that the diplomatists  of "Wilhelmstrjisse hoped by concessions, more or less nominal, to satisfy President Wilson for the time  being, and divert attention and denunciation to the British blockade. In  a recent article in The Contemporary  Review, Rt. Hon. Charles Hobhouse  reviews the relations of the United  States to the belligerents and con-  eludes his analysis as follows:  "Should America escape conflict with  Germany it will be because her contention as to her international rights  in the matter of the life of her citizens has been accepted and satisfied.  She will consider herself equally entitled to judgment where her international right of trading is concerned. Her success in the first instance  will urge her to press her claims in J  the second case w-ith the utmost persistence, and should immediate success fail to attend her representations  to Great Britain, every word we now  utter will be held against us. The  necessity for maintaining an impartial attitude will be put forward by  the German-American influences, the  press will succumb to it, and the electoral agencies will pounce on it as so  much grist to their mill. The deep-  seated resolve of the United States  to seek peace and ensue it determines within what limits the President can enforce national rights or  uphold national honor; but within  those limits, once the Lusitania is out  of the way, the 'Blockade' will move  into   the centre   of  the stage."  Precedents for the Blockade  There are many of the best informed men in the United States who -be  lieve that their government has no  legal, and certainly no moral, case  against the allies on account of trade  restrictions. Admittedly, there has  been departure from codified international law, but protests from Washington and from the citizens of the  Republic disregard the, fact that the  practice of the United States during  the Civil War supplies an exact precedent for the blockade of Germany  by the allies, through the medium of  neutral territory. cBut the average  American either is unaware of this  precedent or, if aware of it, refuses  to be bound by it. The elements favorable to Germany and those antagonistic to Britain combine with  the interests directly affected by the  blockade . in demanding , that the  "rights of neutrals" be respected. To  them neutrality means indiscrimination.  The President's Danger  Should Germany yield enough to  satisfy the Wilson administration it  might easily result in one of the bitterest political contests in the history  of the nation. For President Wilson  himself and also for his party a diplomatic victory over Germany might  have serious political consequences.  The Republican organization would  not fail to seize the opportunity to  urge that Berlin's concession now was  proof that a stiffer foreign policy  would hare secured the same concessions months before, that the country has been flouted and humiliated in  the eyes of the world. They would  hold the Administration responsible  for the loss of American li.ves and  property due to submarine operations during the past year. Some  truth and organized flag-waving might,  in the present state of popular opinion, result in the overthrow of the  Democratic government, and the  election to power of a party pledged to  uphold the honor or the Republic,  and demand the recognition of, and  respect for its legal rights by all belligerents.  - Meaning for the Allies'  The President, from all appearances,  is facing a severe test, no matter  which way Germany may decide. If  Germany should refuse to make concessions and war should result, the  President must answer to the electors.  There are not wanting those who will  organize all the pacifist factors  against him. The hope of Mr. Wilson and the hope of his party lies in  the possibility of a spontaneous unification of the people of the United  States in the event of a national crisis.  A declaration of war might prove  more popular and, therefore, more expedient politically than the less heroic withdrawal of Ambassador- Gerard  from Berlin. At any rate, the situation has not a few dramatic elements  and will be watched by Canadians  with interest none the less real because of the confidence that victory  for the entente is certain, regardless  of whether the United States remains  neutral or actually participates in the  war. Canadians would applaud the  actions of the United States in breaking with Germany in defence of the  principles of humanity. It would add  moral support and perhaps considerably more than moral support to the  cause of the allies. But our confidence and determination do not depend in the slightest measure upon  the action of the administration at  Washington.  A German  Gift  A London "Tommy" lying in hospital, beside him a watch of curious  and foreign design. The attending doctor was interested.  '' Where did your*' watch com.e  from?" he asked.  "A German giv it me,"he answered.  The doctor inquired how the foe  had come to convey his token of. esteem and affection.  '' 'E 'ad to,'' was the laconic reply.  CITY SCHOOLS HELP  IN BED CROSS WORK  While honor rolls of former  pupils in the city schools, who  are now serving their country  overseas, are being unveiled, the  service whieh the boys and girls  in' the schools today are rendering their country should not be  overlooked. They can not go to  the front to fight, or nurse the  wounded, as many long to do, but  are doing "their bit" by service  at home.  For the last year or more work  for the Red Cross has been carried on in the schools. The activities have been organized in  various ways. In some of the  schools, work has been done by  the girls during the time alloted  for sewing. In others clubs have  been formed which work regularly each week, and in others  the work has been confined to  raising money by various methods and handing it in to the  general fund of the Red Cross  Society.  Funds is Problem  The raising of money for the  purchase of materials has been  the problem in many clubs, but  has been, successfully solved by  giving entertainments, concerts,  teas, etc.j and by selling homemade candy. The Red Cross Society has also supplied materials  to some of the clubs.  At first it was thought that the  making of pads, compresses, bandages, etc., was not work that  could be undertaken by school  children, but the girls soon demonstrated their ability to do  this work acceptably.  Knitting socks was also considered a somewhat doubtful un-  taking, but it was found that a  few had already mastered the intricacies, and others quickly  followed their lead, and many  socks have come from their fingers, one intermediate class alone  handing in fifteen pair not long  ago, and the industry with  which the work is continued  ,points to another fifteen pair  soon. In one school some of the  boys, not to be outdone by the  girls, learned to knit, and some  very creditable socks have been  the result of their efforts.  The articles made in the  schools include socks, scarves,  wash cloths, roller bandages,  knee bandages, bed shoes, ward  slippers, hospital bags, / pads  and compresses, also pyjamas  and nightshirts were made by  some of the high school pupils.  _.. _^ JBoys_Help_Too. _ _. __  The boys also have been doing their share by making the  bandage rollers and also numbers of, hand splints and assist-  with the entertainments.  All the work has been supervised by,the teachers, who have  given generously of their time,  both in directing the clubs,  which are held after school hours  and in helping with the entertainments.  Though it is many months  since the work was started, the  enthusiasm and interest continues, and club days find the members in their place ready for  their hour's work. In many cases  the time spent at the club is  only a portion of the time given  to Red Cross work, as much of  the knitting is done at home.  This club work is, of course, entirely voluntary. In some schools  only the seniors are in the club,  while others include the intermediates also.  Footing the Bill  Mr.- Newman had just recovered from an operation and was  talking to   a   friend.  "The surgeon," he remarked,  "said he'd have me on my feet  ag-ain in three weeks.''  ~"Well, he did it, didn't he?"  asked the friend.  "He did, indeed," responded  Mr. Newman.  "I had to sell my motor car  to pay his bill."  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customer*' attention not  Mb M MBntction  with yonr office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT .CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY -Friday, May 5,1916.  the Astern call  %  Morality In War a Certainty  &  There are some idealistic persons who believe that morality  ind war are incompatible. War |  [is bestial, they hold, war is devilish, in its presence it is absurd,  almost farcical , to talk about  morality. That would be so if  morality meant the code, .forever  unattained, of the Sermon on the  Mount. But there is not only the  morality of Jesus, there is the  morality of Mumbo Jumbo. In  other words, and limiting ourselves to the narrower range of  the civilized world, there is the  morality of Machiavelli and Bismarck, and the morality of' St.  Francis and Tolstoy.  The fact is, as we so often forget and, sometimes we do not  even know, morality is fundamentally custom, the mores, as it  has been called, of a people. It  is a body of conduct which is in  constant motion, with an exalted advance guard which few can  keep up with, and a debased rear  guard, once called the blackguard, a name that has since acquired an appropriate significance. But in the substantial and  central sense morality means the  eonduct of the main body of the  community. Thus understood, it  is clear that in our time war  still comes into contact with  morality. The pioneers may be  ahead; the main body is in the  thick of it.  Basis for Moral Code  That there really is a morality  of war, and that the majority  of civilized people have more or  less in common a certain conventional code concerning' the  things which may or may not  be done in war, has been very  clearly seen during the present  conflict. This moral code is often  said to be based on international  regulations and understandings.  It certainly on the whole coincides with them. But it is the  popular moral code which is fundamental, and international law  is merely an attempt to enforce  "that morality.  The use of expanding bullets  and poison" gases, the poisoning  of wells,  the  abuse of  the  Red  Cross and the white flag, the destruction of churches and works  of art, the infliction of cruel  penalties on civilians who have  not taken up arms���������all such methods of warfare as these shock  popular morality! They are on  each side usually attributed to  the enemy; they are seldom  avowed, and only adopted in  imitation of the enemy, with  hesitation and some offense to  the popular conscience, as we  see in the case of poison gas,  which was only used by the English after long delay and which  the French still deny using. The  general feeling about such methods, even when involving  scientific skill, is that they are  barbarous.  A  Civilized Barbarism  As a matter of fact this  charge of "barbarism" against  those methods of warfare which  shock our moral sense must not  be taken too literally. The methods of' real barbarians in war ,������ire  not especially "barbarous."  They have sometimes committed  acts of cruelty which are revolting to us today, but for the  most part the excesses of barbarous warfare have been looting and burning, together with  more or less raping of women,  and these excesses have been so  frequent within the last century, and are still today, that  they may as well be called "civilized" as "barbarous."  The sack of Rome by the  Goths at the . beginning of the  fifth century made an immense  impression on the ancient world  as an unparalleled outrage. St.  Augustine in his " City of God"  written shortly afterward, eloquently described the horrors-of  that time. Yet today, in the new  light.... of our own knowledge of  j what war may involve, the ways  of the ancient Goths seem very  innocent. We are expressly told  that they spared the sacred  Christian places, and the chief  offenses brought against them  seem to be looting and burning;  yet the treasure they left untouched  was   vast and  ineahml-  BANBURY'S  Pot  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview X076-1077.  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  "Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  able and we should be thankful  indeed if any belligerent in the  war of today inflicted as little injury on a conquered city as  the Goths on Rome.  Goldwin Smith's Prophecy  If by the chivalrous method of  old, which was indeed in large  part still their own method in the  previous Franco-German war, the  Germans had resisted the temptation to violate the neutrality of  Luxemburg and Belgium in order to rush behind the French  defences, and had battered instead at the gap of Belfort,  they, would have won the sympathy of the world, but they  certainly would not have won  the possession of the greater  part of Belgium and a third  part of France.  It has not alone been military  instinct which has impelled Germany on the new course thus  inaugurated. We see here the  final outcome of a reaction  against ancient Teutonic sentimentality which the insight of  Goldwin Smith clearly discerned  forty years ago. Humane sentiments and civilized traditions,  under the molding hand of Prussian leaders of Kultur, have  been slowly but firmly subordinated to a political realism which  in the military sphere, means a  masterly efficiency in the aim of  crushing the foe by overwhelming force combined with panic-  striking " f rightfulness." In  this conception that only is moral which served these ends. The  horror which this "f rightfulness" may be expected to  arouse, even among neutral nations, is, from the German-point  of- view," a tribute of homage.  Facing a Grave Issue  The military reputation of Germany is so great ill the world,  and likely to remain' so, whatever the issue of the present war,  that we are here faced by a  grave critical issue "which concerns the future of the whole  world. The conduct of wars has  been ti*ansformed before our very  eyes. In any future war the example of Germany will be held  to consecrate the new methods,  and the belligerents who are not  inclined to accept the supreme  authority of Germany may yet  be forced in their own interests  to act in accordance with it.  The mitigating influence of religion over ..warfare has long  ceased to be exex*cised, for the  international Catholic Church no  longer possesses the power to  exert such influence, while the  national Protestant churches are  just as bellicose as- their~flocks.  Now we see the influence of  morality over Avarfare similarly  tending to disappear. Henceforth, it seems, we have to reckon with a conception of war  which accounts it a function of  the supreme state, standing  above morality and therefore  able to wage war independently  of morality. Necessity���������the. necessity of scientific effectiveness  ���������becomes the sole criterion of  right and wrong.  War to  Remain in Fashion  When we look back from the  standpoint of knowledge which  we have reached in the present  war to the notions which prevailed in the past, they seem to us  hollow and even childish. Seventy years ago Buckle in his  "History of Civilization" stated  complacently that only ignorant  and unintellectual nations any  longer cherished ideals of Avar.  His statement was part of the  truth. It is true, for instance,  that France is noAV the most  anti-military of nations, though  once the most military of all.  But,-Ave see, it is only part of  the truth. The very fact, Avhich  Buckle himself, pointed out, that  efficiency has in modern times  taken the place of morality in  the conduct of affairs, offers a  neAv foundation for Avar Avhen  Avar is urged on scientific principle for the purpose of rendering effective the claims of state  policy. Today we see that it is  not sufficient for a nation to cultivate knowledge and beopme intellectual, in the expectation that  war will automatically go out of,  fashion. It is quite possible to  become veiy scientific, most relentlessly intellectual, and on  that foundation to build up  ideals of warfare much more  barbarous than those of Assyria.  New, Era of Ferocity  The conclusion seems to be  that we are today entering on an  era in \yhich war will not only  flourish as vigorously as in the  past, although not in so chronic  a form, but with an altogether  new ferocity and ruthlessness,  with a vastly increased power of  destruction, and on a scale of  extent and intensity involving an  injuiy to civilization and humanity which no wars of the past  ever perpetrated. Moreo\rer, this  state of things imposes on the  nations which have hitherto, by  their temper, their position, or  their small size, regarded themselves as nationally neutral, a  new burden of armament in order to insure that neutrality. It  It has been proclaimed on both  sides that this war isy a war to  destroy militarism. But the disappearance of a militarism that  is only destroyed by a greater  militarism -offers no guarantee at  all for any triumph of civilization  or humanity. - '....,  What, then, are we to do? It  seems clear that we have to recognize that our intellectual leaders of old, who declared that to  insure the disappearance of war  we have but to sit still and fold  our hands while we Avatch the  beneficent growth of science and  intellect, were grieviously mit-  taken. War is still one of the  active factors of modern life,  though by no means the only  factor which it is in our power  to grasp and direct: By our  energetic effort the world can be  molded. It'as the concern of all  of us, and especially of those na  tions Avhich are strong enough  and enlightened enough to take  a leading part in human affairs,  to Avork toward the initiation  'and the organization of. this immense effort. In so far as the  great Avar of today acts as a  spur to such effort it Avill not  have, been  an unmixed calamity.  Amen!   From   a   school boy's  diary.  nomic pressure tbat our mastery of  the seas enables us to render effective.  Yet it is important that people in  England should understand the exact quality of whatever criticism of  our conduct may from time to time  be heard in France. Faith in our  determination to win anw in our  stayig-power is so absolute and the  desire for constant and complete cooperation with us is so real that  strictures upon onr doings are uttered only, in public and in private,  when we seem to falyl short of the  high standard which France has set  for herself and for us. When misunderstandings arise they are usually  the outcome of our���������to the French���������  incomprehensible home politics. France  needs to feel that England is as alive  as she is to the importance of our  joint task and to the need of finishing it , as quickly as may be compatible with thoroughness. Every  clear manifestation of our resolve,  therefore, enhances the efficacy of the  alliance.  **��������� France also has her internal political difficulties, which are apt to  be as incomprehensible to us as are  ours to her. Into these no stranger  can wish, to enter. They are unlikely to affect the attitude of the nation or to hamper its military effort.  The "Sacred Union" between all parties still holds, and, unless I am mistaken, the great struggle at "Verdun  will have renewed and strengthened  it. As I have said, France was  "getting used" to the war, and there  seemed, here and there, to be signs  that the old party intolerance might,  in given riccumstances, reappear. In  some extreme clerical centres a tendency to attribute to the influence of  the church an undue share of credit  for le miracle francais naturally caused a reaction in the opposite sense  among persons and groups that hold  anti-clerical views, no matter how  completely they may have hitherto  subordinated them to the need for  union.  Under the influence of the heroic  effort of Verdun, an effort accomplished by soldiers who, as a distinguished French -Republican statesman  truly said, ade "in a state of grace,"  the national instinct to merge every  difference in a common fund of patriotism has been stimulated and will  carry all before it. The glory pf  Verdun is purely French, for France  has held her impregnable lines alone,  and, while unable to repel the Angel  of Death, has kept his barbarous minions at arm's length. No praise can  be too high for the valiant legions  that have held the gate of eastern  France, But, far more than praise,  the French people and the French  army will welcome prompt and solid  proof- of our determination to yit  with and support them in the great  contests that are still  to come.  drink and stimulants, and she dressed as beat she could the wounds of  others. When the British surgeons  entered the town they found her bending tenderly  over her  charges.  As the British reinforcements moved up,, she heard them singing "God  Save the King" with true British  vigor. When they had finished, Mademoiselle Moreau dashed forward and  began to sing the "Marseillaise."'' The  soldiers surrounded her and joined in  with a will, singing Bouget de Lisle's  undying lines with the .greatest enthusiasm. X  A few days later this French army  order was   issued:  "Mile. Emilienne Moreau, aged ;  17% years, living-at Loos, (North  France). On September 25, at the  taking of the village of Loos by the  British troops she organized a first-  aid station in her house and was employed the whole day and night in caring for the wounded. With no regard  for herself she placed all her resources  at their disposal without the slightest reward. She went forth amongst  them armed only with revolvers, and,  with the aid of a few British soldiers, disabled and captured two of  tbe enemy, who, hidden in a neighboring house, were firing on tho first-  aid station."  Phone Seymour 9086  WE HAVE  Applications every day for 5  to 7 roomed  HOUSES FOR RENT  Send us your Listing  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122  Hastings St. West  FRANCS AND   ENGLAND  The special correspondent of The  London Times at Paris writes: It  has been my good fortune recently  to ^describe"ther effortTof England" to  several Jarge French ( audiences.  Deep in the minds of- the French  people has laid a sense of wonder  at the apparent slowness of British  preparations. Our half-measures and  long discussions upon the expediency of compulsorp military service  have seemed to. them incomprehensible, yet, with wonderful patience  and charity, they have regarded our  vagaries with indulgence and have  trusted us implicitly. A -year ago,  the names of some British soldiers or  Ministers evoked cheers from a French  audience. Now names are received in  silence. But enthusiasm, strong and  warm, greets every assurance that  the people of Great Britain and of  the British Dominions intend, hand  in . hand with France and the allies,  to see the war through to complete  triumph. The action of tho British  government is not felt in France.  AVhatever prestige it may have enjoyed at the beginning of the war,  has Jong since evaporated. But faith  in the dogged pluck of the British  people has grown as the months have  passed, and is today one of the main  foundations of French confidence.  Our ministers and public men would  be wep advised in their every act and  utterance, to bear this fact in mind.  Any appearance of indecision, any  shilly-shallying with vital questions,  any reluctance to deal quickly and  whole-heartedly with war problems' as  'hey rrise, is noted in France with  puzzled regret. Particularly is this  the case in matters affecting the  blockade of Germany and provision  for economic co-operation between the  allies during and after the war. No  general, politician, or other public  man with whom I have talked in  France has failed to ask about the  blockade, and to express the conviction that it must be tightened in  every practicable way. Too little is  known of what has alreaily been achieved; but' enough is known of what  still remains undone to stimulate, a  strong desire that we should apply to  our brutal foe every   means   of   eco-  FRANCE'S   HEROINE  It is well known that since the beginning of the war women have been  fighting in the European armies. The  latest and perhaps the ������iost picturesque heroine is Mile. Emilienne Moreau,  a young French girl only seventeen  years old, who received the Military  Medal from General de Sailly at Versailles in recognition of her great  gallantry under fire.  Mademoiselle Moreau, says the London Sphere, formerly resided in Loos,  the town that was captured by the  British under Gen. Sir Douglas Haig  toward the end of last September.  During the German occupation of the  town Mademoiselle Moreau lived there  with her aged father and mother and  her brother. As she was a school-  teaeheiy the childrenTof"Loos~ who remained in the town were in her charge  Her old father died hot long after  the  Germans occupied the town.0  When the great attack was begun  Mademoiselle Moreau waited in eager  suspense for the result. Hidden away  in the cellars and in other places of  comparative safety were several families, including old men, women and  children. She herself refused to remain under shelter when it became  evident that the Germans were being  driven back. As soon as the British  entered, Mademoiselle Moreau sallied  out into the streets and during the  ensuing struggle assisted the wounded to places of safety. Although not  physically strong, her determination  increased her strength tenfold. To  those    who   needed    them,    she    gave  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &   GUTHRIE  Barrister* and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. 0. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia;  Citixen Building, Ottawa.  X ^s-  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MOTJNQ  REGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of the Domin--  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, tbe  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term, of  twenty-one years renewal for a fur-v  ther term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease must - be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  . In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory tbe tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are-  not available, .^but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tho  rate~bf "five"centsHper "ton." " "^���������^=���������  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and' pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only/ rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  For    full    information    application  should  be  made to the   Secretary  of  the   Department   of   the   Interior,   Ottawa,  or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent**  of   Dominion   Lands. .  W. W. COEY,  Deputy  Minister  of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get bur Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL I  p  !X  m  ������  if:*  m  8X;  X  Uj  i������k  f'X  8'  it*-  ?;''������  5!  I  rt  a  h  X  I  si  I"  ft  8  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, May 5, 1916J  THE CASE FOR THE PACIFIC  GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY  &-  PA  in- -  I  iA  itkAk-A  *<iXx*;  $0Jikr  Sf/^':*r-.-r-; ���������-.'**������������������  fePXX:*  feRf.!,-''*;'?! w.<i ���������: -  |?#*$&.:*K3.  lJ/.,-^:'������:J,'i'..,:. ���������?,  pltllxi  mAAAAJ'������������������-'���������  Two facts of compelling importance stand out in the consideration  of the question of the P. G. E.  Eailway, and emphasize the urgency  of  its   early  completion.  One is the fact that the road is  now subject to an annual interest  charge of $1,000,000.00 M'hich necessitates '.the road being put in  shape to earn this interest charge at  the earliest date. Failing to do so,  we have a dead loss of $1,000,000.00  for this year and each succeeding  year that must be borne either by  the government or the contractors in  the first place, but will almost certainly fall upon the public eventually.  The other fact is the depreciation ot  the roadbed, which has been constructed for a distance of 300 miles  and upon which no track has been  laid. If the roadbed is allowed to  remain in its present unfinished state  subject to weather conditions, accord  ing to the best engineering opinion,  it will through washouts and other  disintegrating effects, deteriorate during the present year to the extent of  $1,000,000.00. This, while necessarily  an approximate estimate, is probably  not wide of the mark if we consider the likely effects from the roadbed being exposed to the elements.  Actual Loss of 12,000,000 Entailed  We are, therefore, faced with a certain loss of $2,000,000 if the work is  allowed to remain suspended during the  present year. It may in fact involve  a greater loss, for if the work is not  resumed now it will probably be  1918 before-the road is finished to  Prinee George, meaning that $3,000,000  must be found for interest without any  supporting revenue from the road. This  does not take into account the far more  serious loss that will be entailed on the  province by non-completion of the road  through lack of preparedness to take  advantage of after-war conditions and  accommodate our proportion of the  tide of immigration that will undoubtedly flow westward from Europe.  Investigation of Expenditure  It has been said in certain quarters that while everyone admits the  necessity of completing this north and  south road and its completion being  essential to the general development  of the province, nevertheless there  should be an investigation to inquire  into the expenditure already made and  to see that the province has got value  for the money already obtained out  of the proceeds of the bonds sold.  But if we delay the completion of the  road for the present year in order to  make an investigation we incur a loss  of $2,000,000. which is contrary to all  sense and business. If ��������� the government is of opinion that an investigation is necessary, it can be "carried on  currently with the prosecution of the  work. In this way we. will avoid a  loss of $2,000,000 and at the same  time satisfy the public as to the propriety of the expenditures already  made.  It is sometimes suggested that there  has been waste or extravagance in the  construction of the road by Foley,  Welch & Stewart, ��������� and that in consequence no loan should be now forthcoming for completion. But even if  extravagance should be established by  an investigation, it is none the less  necessary to complete the road immediately if we want to avoid the further loss of $2,000,000 for interest  and depreciation, as well as the more  serious loss the province will sustain  through not being prepared for settlement after the war. In fact, under no conceivable conditions would a  delay beyond the present year in completing the work be justified. This is  thoroughly appreciated by tbe public,  whether. Liberal or Conservative, and  there is now a general demand for  the immediate completion of the road.  Individual Covenants of Foley, Welch  & Stewart  The Pacific Great Eastern is being  constructed under a different arrangement from that of, the Canadian Northern Pacific In the former the  members of the firm of Foley, Welch  & Stewart are individually liable on  their personal covenant to complete  the road, while in the case of the  Canadian Northern Pacific, Mackenzie  and Mann are not liable for the completion of that road, but only the  Canadian Northern Eailway Company,  the value of whose covenant is doubtful if we consider the accumulation of  bond issues that encumber that undertaking. By proceeding with the im-  taking. By proceeding with the immediate completion of the P. G. Eastern Railway the liability of Messrs.  Foley, Welch & Stewart on their covenant is not affected. Such liability  can be enforced as easily six months  or a year hence as at the present, and  the public therefore, is losing nothing  in proceeding with the work on the  railway before or pending an investigation. The government is losing  none ��������� of its remedies, against the firm  by undertaking   completion forthwith  mmm  mkm  X-iff^  BW&JAJir  MAKE YOUR WASHING DAY  X   APJOTCTPAY  EJectric Washing Machines  will wash anything from delicate laces to heavy blankets quickly and thoroughly in one-sixth of the time  that it takes to do the same by hand.  THE EW.CTWC WASHER  is Chain)***���������Pcltlcwi���������Silent, easy to operate. The  electricity required for an ordinary family wash of two  hours costs less than 3 cents. ,  We have one on display at our show room which we  will be pleased to demonstrate to you.  Hastings & Carrall Sts.  1138 Granville St.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  f5" ���������*? '/  ���������"?,"���������  I *~,,(' <AZMm\\\'   ' f  t   -    >.      "*'' ,';./���������*������,  ���������     $&**  * "V ^__ESP_B' *���������     "���������*.-/%'    "   *  f / * <v^ lupm  ! *������&^_____$ii_C* v- ��������� XX^'3_3  *'a ^ ������$*&" * ^naWmmW-W&hLrs A   .,_... 7T--     '' ___!  A v?  ksLJX*  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. Mctavish, Prop.  and by doing so is effecting a saving  of $2,000,000, the loss of which would  ultimately fall on . the public. If in  the opinion of the government the  investigation should result unsatisfac  torily for the contractor, the govern  ment can then take the same action as  was open to it if the work had been  suspended���������without having .incurred  the loss entailed by a suspension of  the work.  Independent   Expenditures   of   Foley,  Welch & Stewart  It may be stated here that whereas  the railway companyvhas only obtained from the Minister*of Finance out  of the. proceeds of the guaranteed  bonds sold and pledged, the sum of  eighteen million odd dollars, it has  expended .on..'- the road' the sum of  twenty seven million, odd dollars, leaving a balance expended by Foley,  Welch & Stewart, or-by the contractor, of approximately nine million dollars in excess of the amount received  from the Minister of Finance. The  company is prepared to vouch the ac-  curary of these figures which have  been submitted to both the government and the opposition. It is, therefore, abundantly evident that any margin, or if the word profit is preferred,  derived by Mr. Welch from the prosecution of the work, has gone back into the work and a great deal more.  The Position ot P.' Welch  With respect to the individual covenants of Messrs.: Foley, Welch &  Stewart to complete the road considerable misapprehension exists. In the  News-Advertiser of March 26th>. the  editorial writer speaks of Welch making a margin of . profit between the  prices at which he obtained the work  and the prices at which he sublet the  same. Such margin in no sense, represents profit accruing to Welch but  merely represents a saving in the cost  of the work. The more cheaply Welch  can secure the construction of the  railway the more he reduces his liability. It is, therefore, evident that  Mr. Welch's direct interest, as well  as the interest of the.government, is  to keep the cost of the1 work as low  as possible���������their interest in this respect is identical���������it is, therefore, incorrect to regard a reduction in the  cost as profit accruing to Welch. In  fact the less onerous Welch can render his covenant by economical construction the greater will be the security which the province possesses  against its guarantee of the company"s  bonds. Welch is not at all in the position of an independent' contractor  building-the road for' profits, but is in  the position of an owner constructing  as economically as possible for and on  his own behalf. How would it benefit the province or the public if  Brown,- .& Smith ( a subcontracting  finty made a profit of half a million  on ftheir subcontract? On the coU  trajgr, while being a good thing for  t^eXp.ybcpntractors, it would mean  *ih%t Amount'; of capital being talcen  awajr"jroift the enterprise* and the Ka-  ^iiity'of -*^h<_ government' and Welch  correspondingly   increased.  -  It goes without saying that it is in  the best interests of the province tjmt  the road should be completed by Fo"ey  Welch & Stewart. In the first pL.'ce  it is clear that the firm who aref;legally liable to construct the road, and  whose direct interest it is to save  every possible dollar in construction  cost, will complete it more economically than a contractor who has no such  liability. An outside ^contractor c'wm-  ing on the work would naturally &m  to" make as much profit as possible  without regard to the cost of -fhe  work, as to which he would be urniier  no liability. In the second plaice  Welch has   already   his   plant,   eq~c&-)r  for the completion of the road, whereas an outside contractor coming-in  would have to assemble his plant And  equipment and establish his orgahi-  ratinn for the work at a great inifial  cost for so doing. X  Provincial  Loan  the Only  Means ltd  Complete I  Meantime the only way to arrange  for the completion of tlie road isjby  a provincial loan. Tho interest upon  money borrowed this year will be-in  the 4 neighborhood of six per cent,  whereas a sale of the company's guaranteed bonds is entirely out of <the  question by reason of tlie prohibitive  discount. It may be accepted uy a  fact that in the present state of tithe  market the company's bonds guaranteed by tlie [irovnce would not fetch  more than 75 per cent, which is equivalent to cuttng down a guarantee' of  .f!0,000 per mile to $30,000 per mile  and would be a sacrifice rather than  a sale. The government, therefore,  should-immediately arrange for thejre-  quisite - loan to carry on the work.  This money will be paid out to.-fthe  company only in monthly, instalments  as the work proceeds and in {jthe  meantime the strictest investigation* of  the company's affairs and its past.expenditures   can be made.- ���������'.  The company invites an examination of fille work already done by-^any  responsible railway engineer on jthis  continent, and in view of the jfact  that the total expenditure to dale is  only $18,000,000 a competent engineer,  after a sufficient examination���������iiieas-  uring - all'the cuts and fills and-J" ascertaining the quantities of steel *tand  lumber used in construction���������shftuld  be able, to arrive at a very close., estimate as to whether or not value\has  been obtained by the province forjthis  expenditure. JJ  v~  Compelling Necessity for a Northland  South    Arterial   Line      &  ..The foregoing considerations ������are  chiefly directed to establishing thoTrne-  cpi-sity of making a loan for the 'completion,  of   the  Pacific  Great   Eastern  Railway by Foley, Welch & Stewart  during the present year. So far - as  the intrinsic merits of the undertaking itself are concerned, broader considerations of course obtain. The necessity of the north and south road is  apparent from a glance at the map of  the province. The road literally traverses the heart of the province, rendering available all the best country  therein, such as the Lillooet, Cariboo,  and Peace Biver districts, which include the vast "Chilcotin country. The  construction of^ the line to Prince  George is the first step necessary to  connect with the "Peace Biver country.  This will ensure a thickly populated  district in the northerly part of the  pro.vice, bringing to the Pacific coast  traffic which is now finding its way  eastward., Mr. Bury, vice-president of  the Canadian Pacific Bailway, while  recently at the coast, stated that he  looked to",see in the immediate future  all the grain grown west of Swift  Current hauled to the Pacific. It is  certain that in a very short time. we  will see1 both sides of Burrard Inlet  and the shores of Howe Sound lined  with   grain   elevators.  By carrying the road to completion  we are. not only putting it in shape  to meet the accruing interest charge  from its traffic earnings and are preventing a deterioration in the roadbed that would entail a serious inroad ou the security which the province holds for its guarantee, but  we are putting the province in a>  shape to compete for its share of northern trade now going to Edmonton.  It is idle to extol the splendid hinterland of our northern province, its  rich soil and equable climate, if there  are no railway facilities to render  the same available. Our unbounded  natural resources can hold no attraction for the inquiring settler and producer so long as there is no railway  whereby to develop those resources.  All. our splendid mineral deposits  must remain undeveloped pending-the  completion; of this road, to say nothing of our lumber industry and  other general development. It is not  an exaggeration to say that the entire future of the province is based  upon the establishment of a north  and south railway. The climate of  British Columbia is second to none  and millions of acres of the finest  arable lands, are awaiting settlement.  It is certain that after the war organized effort will be directed to  attracting population to this province and a condition precedent to  the accommodation of all incoming  settlers is the existence of this rail  way and the facilities to be provided  thereby. Unless we are to limit  settlement to the fringe of lands  abutting on the existing transcontinental railways we must open up the  heart of the province by this line.  We should, therefore, put ourselves in  a "position to take advantage of the  conditions with which we shall be  confronted at the close of the war.  Importance of Barly Securing  Peace Biver Trade.  Another reason for completing the  line to Fort George during the present year is the vital necessity for  the people of this province to reach  the Peace Biver country as speedily  as possible in order to attract traffic  originating in the Peace River district  to Vancouver and the Pacific Coast instead of to Edmonton and the east.  Trade routes once established are very  hard to deflect. Already the merchants of .Edmonton a^e reaching  out after this Peace River business.  Fifty million acres, unsurpassed in the  Dominion for climate and. fertility of  soil, are here awaiting settlement. The  potential wealth of this country can  only be realized through the instru-  mentality^of=-:-railway- transportations  The extension of the Pacific Great  Eastern to the Peace Biver will form  a channel whereby this wealth will  flow into our province.  Progressive   Policy   of   the   Government Essential  Preparation should be our present  watchword and that government will-  best serve the interests of the country which pursues a policy of enterprise and construction, safeguarded, of  course, by an adherence to caution  along business principles. A circumscribed policy of inactivity and retrenchment will not advauce the interests of this province today. We  must promote population and development, and the fundamental agency  for such promotion will be found in  the establishment of a north and south  arterial line of railway. To quote  from the Minister of Finance, in his  budget speech, "This province has a  great line of credit in its natural assets and we must use that credit in  order to bridge the present period of  depression and keep the wheels of  progress moving."  Paralysing  Effect   of War Conditions.  In weighing the situation between  the government and the Pacific Great  Eastern Railway due regard should  be given to the gravity of the' conditions precipitated by the war and  the impossibility on the part of  practically every business undertaking at tho present time of surmounting these conditions. Due allowance  should be made to the company in  consequence and in all cases where a  moratorium does not apply specifically  the principle should be extended in  equity, if we are not to produce hardship and injustice. The war had an  almost immediately paralyzing effect  upon the operations, of this company.  It had invested over two million dollars in lands from which in the ordinary course of business, it would  have had an immediate and commensurate return, and which would have  provided   a  fund  for   financing .   the  QUIETLY, QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY, YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking or losing _  valuable furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE  CAMPBELL MAKES  A BUSINESS TO MOVE GOODS THAT WAY.  The big CAMPBELL "Car Vans" are heayily padded inside a.  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection. Only skillful, inte]  gent movers handle your goods. AND the charge is surprisingly sma  Phone Seymour '7360 for full particulars.  Oldest and largest iN^WESTEfrff^AifADA;  Ttiome .Seymour 7300 Oittce85^B^T^Srrw:Errj  Office Phone:   Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture  Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Oases  Painting, Paperhangtng and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. -;   Vancouver, B. O.-  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  in Leckie Boots  -X.       v _    ,,,'"-      X ���������      '.*'������������������' *������������������     ."' , ��������� ','���������'.."     ��������� ������������������' ���������  When your feet slip into a LEG&EE they  feel at ease at once. The style is there, too* and  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before;;  LECKIEj BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C.���������name stamped  on each pair.  AT ALL DEALERS  main undertaking. As the situation ex  ists today, the company has not disposed of one foot of land nor obtained the least return upon any of the  capital expended by it. Everything  has been disbursement up to the present without a dollar coming back and  the limit of the company's resources  in this respect has now been reached.  With several millions invested in the  enterprise the company can expect no  relief in the ordinary course of business until after the termination of  the war. Government assistance in the  shape of a loan at .the present time  is, therefore, not only necessary, but  completely justifiable under the circumstances and must be forthcoming  if the work of building this north and  south arterial line is not to come to  a standstill and be" for the present  abandoned.       '  XIV. appreciate_the���������_.serious,,handicap,  under which the company is laboring  through war conditions, one should  compare those existing before the war.  Through the outbreak of war, the  ,large outlay of the Pacific Great  Eastern upon lands for terminal and  townsite purposes has been absolutely tied up, so that the company has  been deprived of the use, not only  of the original capital, but of the  anticipated profits, upon which they  largely relied, as they were entitled  to do, for construction purposes. Take  also the fact that the company's  guaranteed securities, which brought  100 per cent, before the, war, would  now only fetch 72 per cent, according  to the latest offer1 made through the  Union Bank for the balance of its  unsold  securities.  Position of Foley, Welch ft Stewart  This firm has a recognized standing  all oyer the American continent. It  has built more mileage in the Dominion than any other firm or company  .of railway contractors. They are responsible men of unimpeachable integrity if business reputation of a  quarter of a century counts for anything. These people are asking no indulgence from the province, but only  the consideration to which they  in common with everybody else are  entitled as the inevitable consequences of war. They bave -carried through  every work they ever undertook and  they have been associated with some  of the greatest public works of the  Dominion, being largely instrumental  in constructing the existing transcontinental systems of the Canadian Pacific, Grand Trunk Pacific, and Canadian Northern Railways. The province is fortunate in having such .responsible men to look to in the present crisis, and it is entirely in the  interest of the provinces" that these  men should be identified with its development. This province cannot afford to discourage enterprise and cap:  ital by harsh or unfair treatment. It  is simply impossible for Foley, Welch  & Stewart to carry out their covenant   at this   time to   complete     the  railway. Tbey aro not to blame fori  such impossibility. If the strict fulfilment of every covenant was demanded at the present the world  would be bankrupt. It is incumbent  on the government to allow for existing conditions and a policy of cooperation is not only equitable but  will in the end produce the best results.  Let us have all the investigation  that is necessary, impose all the safeguards for the protection of the provincial domain, but do not delay the  completion of this line to the serious prejudice of the best interests  of the province and probably set back  the growth of the province for a decade. If the province is not prepared to take advantage of the opportunities that will offer after the war  it will have missed the flood tide  ithjit.____o^iJiaye^l)orn'i.it,.vto^������prosper----'  ity and to its proper rank among the  provinces of the Dominion.  If ever a project should be considered without partizan bias, it is  this one���������^constituting, as it does,  the groundwork for the real development of British Columbia. Consider  the -vast-areas that must remain unopened, with all their rich resources,  until this railway becomes an accomplished fact. The bulk of the province lies practically undeveloped. The  only way to meet the provincial debt  is to promote production and business,  thereby creating revenue, and this  can only be done by increasing population. There can be no population  without railway facilities. To attract  the one we must-., provide the other.  This railway is the basic need of this  province at. the present juncture. With  population comes business, producing  wealth t and revenue. To stop this railway is to" shut. up*, our storehouse,  keeping confined therein the treasure that would make this province  one of the richest in the Dominion.  To sit still and do nothing will not  avail; it will only serve to add interest to our existing debt. Establish this arterial railway, bring in  the people, create industrial activity  throughout the province in every line  of business and the provincial debt  will soon be a thing of the past.  Hicks���������The ancients could give us  points on the transportation of troops.  For instance, look at the way the  children of, Israel crossed the Red  Sea. ������������������������������������'*.  Wicks���������That was a regular walkover, wasn't it?  William Jennings Bryan got into' an  argument with a fellow Nebraskan  and   the   latter   called Bryan   a   liar.  Leaving the merits of the issue  aside, we call attention to the fact  that Bryan did not get mad or loudly resent the charge.  Which was it���������pacifism (or unpre-  paredness?

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