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BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call 1916-04-28

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 ^-Wo$d|iw^^^  \w0. cJnkk^i^JjiA. /-Ji&mes ^awfti-Mrs;.  ^jdrewsX^^  ������������������feoI4^*;ftlspcial  to e^|i*rat&; > tte  'lent). ;:.;otg^  | "J; i8|ree|^wlhen ;sh("-it|a  ''',.W:.;\i\%n. X:0xx*Xx/X ,:X'��������� ���������  :'ikk^^^^kt^^^ii^&^.  $oeietjr ^wjlfl^j-tf^  <wmedy, "|i^^  church hallf^f Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church tonight at 8 o'clock.  A sale of work was held by  the Helping Hand Committee of  f? Alexandra Eeview   No.   7   Wo-  v-inen's Benefit Association  of the  ;:|Maiceabees  on Wednesday eventing   in   the Knights   of Pythias  BajJ;; Mrs.   H.  Wilson presided,  [. andXa   varied   and    interesting  programme was provided by the  'following: Mrs.   McDuffee,   Miss  Hazel Fremlin,  Miss Rose  Metcalfe, the Misses Elsie, Nellie and  iTria Pettipiece,   Mrs.   Connelly,  ^Miss Muriel Lipsey, Misses Flor-  - Vie and    Gladys    Wilson, Retta  ���������' Radcliffe.  vr^^M:*W^-^-^^  $||l$|*^^  aad:;.]^^^  ioiilt hostesses; Jat a ttea given ;ai  the*��������� Jtome, of iMps. Ste������yes,-; 35$  i.4th;ave.Jfyi$ai): 6iv;M^ 2n^i-^in  3 ta^6^rii:^  si<?al* /^'^^^���������^^"���������ii^:X-^j_v_i;-: iii -X-^ifciL-e^"..-_ -- jc^Tanr^c^.  :bf| ^jparation; (^Ul t^e jadies  please acpept; this   press' invito  :*tionTX' X ':JJ���������:'������������������' ���������'���������'    k  On Good Friday evening at St.  Michael's church -^ chorus ^ of-  sixty voices with orchestral accompaniment gave a fine rendition of Stainer's J'Crucifixion"  and Gounod's well known'' ��������� Gallia.'' Madame Olive Clare, J. E.  Pacey and W. H. Nanson were  the soloists. Mr. W.H. Barton  conducted, while at the organ arid  piano were Mr. C. R. Dawson  and Prof. J. F. Ainsley.  ..-   The following pupils are class  ".leaders for April in the Mount  Pleasant school: Div. 1, John  Mitchell; Div. 2. Edwin Moffat,  Viola Redburn;  Div.   3.  Charles  -*rRichardson; Div. 4, Mabel Stewart, Blanche Fisher; Div. 5, Gladly fs Owen; Div. 6, Yip Dang; Div.  Tj. Muriel Hicks, Evelyn Jones,  Louis Bickford; Div. 8, Joseph  Mocbar; Dix,   9,   Delia   Wilkin-  ^1son;^Div.  10, Alex..Bryce; Div.  '' 11; Wallace Halliday; Div. 12,  Harding Moffat, Long Way; Div.  13, Fred Jones, Barty Morrow;  Div. 14, Donald Bortimore; Div.  15, Lindsay Philips.  pajw^^ieato admitted,tfinj; >������yJ������g fpati*nti discharged,  \^^jmet>i^  on acoouat, S60; \**$iig jp$tta������ts; pai4 ������otjiiiig, .93; previous  month's account* paid iii TfuU, 86; previous month's accounts  '$$$^ kJJJl$kWk-A'k       '"rk:^":'v  'A -jA'^jnongz^^  from the Burnaby municipal council of $1250, Laurel Tenuis  Club, $100, Hudson's Bay Company, $250, and B. T. Rogers,  ;|j;.QW*������:;^ ������������������:,-.  Xpfcecbai^^ behalf of the  couwwttee tbat be W$?^^ Board of Park Oomuiis-  sioners iu: couiiectiou^^lf=���������*&.application by the hospital  Board for the use of the house on Pandora Park as a convalescent home for returned wfldiers. The report stated that  the appUcatwu hi4 ;b^ Wanfleld pointed out  that at least one member of the park Commission stated that  ������������������1**(_p__w_*^ j>ark migbt uot meet  ^b tfc*a|K>^^ ueigPorfibod.   Som*  of the dir&tors coTOmeute^:rtroi6j_:ly o������ this attitude. The  report also suggested that the application be withdrawn and  the incident closed.  VANCOUVBJmAS BBU.WANT PUTUBB  Under   the   auspices   of   the  Board of Managers of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church, a musical and elocutionary festival will  be held on May 16th. A large  entry list is assured, and a unique entertainment provided. A  preliminary "competition will be  li eld prior to thei final contest.  Competent adjudicators are being secured and suitableu-prizes  are being provided in' .the shape-  of gold arid silver medals.  At  a  recent meeting  of  the  Vancouver and District .Tennis  League the following officers  were elected: Hon. pres., F. L  Becher; president, M. M. Greaves; vice-pres;, E. Scott Eaton;  see.-treas., E. V. Young. The  league is divided into two divisions. The first division is composed of the following teams:  Denman, North Vancouver, Vancouver, Laurel, Teachers; the second division, of B. C. Electric,  Royal Bank,. St. Mark's, Mount  Pleasant.  Mr. Ben B. Bryan, head of the  brokerage firm of Logan & Bryan, New York and Chicago, who  hiis just left Vancouver after a  stay of several days in this city  and in Victoria, expressed himself as decidedly optimistic over  the financial situation here and  especially over the future of  Vancouver as a shippiug and  distributing point.  Mr. Bryan had not visited the  coast for over five years, and  noted the remarkable growth of  the downtown district of Vancouver since his -last -visit, beini?  especially compliinentary in regard to. the new '���������Hotel* Vancouver.  "Notwithstanding the stress  of war time, in which your city  has taken so generous a part,  and after a careful study of the  situation here, I cannot but feel  that Vancouver has a great future before it," said the distinguished broker.  The firm whieh Mr. Bryan represents is perhaps the oldest  and best known of its kind in  America, operating 16,000 miles  of private financial wire over the  length and breadth of. the continent. It enjoys the unique distinction of having been the only  firm that maintained an uninterrupted wire service during the  four months succeeding the outbreak of war, when all the important stock exchanges of the  world were closed. The Vancouver agents are Waghorn, Gwynn  & Co. Ltd., with direct wire connections between Vancouver and  all financial centres in North  America.  Mr. Bryari says the concensus  of opinion in Wall street is  that the war will not last the  year out. After the war he looks  to see an immense trade in western lumber and an outflow of  eastern capital to the coast. He  takes a keen interest in all that  pertains to the war, partly due  to the fact that financially America is committed to the allies,  and partly because he comes  from a good old southern family  with generations of fighting  blood behirid him and has, in  fact, four nephews now at the  front doing their bit in the  cause of democracy.  holdA'a:;^ity^kJmeda.b contest in  St.- Paul's ^Presbyterian church,  cor; Fourteenth ave. and Burns  street, on Tuesday evening,  May 2nd, at 8 o'clock. An excellent program has been prepared. ;' '*XXx  Jflie patriotic workers of the  Scottish Ladies' Society were  entertained most hospitably on  Wednesday afternoon at the  home of Mrs. P. Lamb, 1036 20th  avenue easttXrhere-was^a-good  attendance of ladies, and an enjoyable time was spent. The hostess was assisted at the tea hour  by Mrs.  Methven.  Continuing their efforts to  stop automobile speeding on  Kingsway, the police yesterday  charged Mrs. Lillian Watson of  Sperling road, Marpole, beforg  Magistrate Johnston with that  offence. She was fined .$5 and  costs, the latter amounting to  $5.65. The magistrate also had  three boys before him charged  with having destroyed a bee hive  arid bees, and with stealing $15  worth of honey, the property of  Mr. Mauley, 48th and Sophia.  The case was adjourned till Sat  urday morning, at 10 o'clock.  couver and was one of five ������������������bro-"  'service:; AAA X;-;-'*fX"X' AA. ���������'���������;i*vx:-.X  i^VrfcRg^Kgl  Lieut-Colonel  Wilne  officiated  at the   evening   .service in the  Knox _ Presbyterian   church   on  Sunday, when the roll of hdnor  of the church was unveiled. He  gave anXnterestjng talk ony the. -,;  thorough: and yaluable Xtraiuing; ���������  the members^Oif the overseas bat^  talibh receive. Jit was ��������� ari^ouricedx  during the .eT������ung.'by;*":^^  tor  that  the  floral   decorations  in the church this suirimer will  be grown largely from seed serit  irom_the battlefebnt^in^Flandera^  by the pastor's  brother, Major  (Rev;) John Pringle;  ���������.-''"k-'k'k'-'^-i  ���������-:''-. r-&4?\t  jAr.jk  mm  -'���������  -'.   vyKi^iJi  - ... .������������������-"���������'.?':.'  kAi'AJji  A   "Home   Scene,"   entitled,  ','The Lost.Child," with 14 characters, will be the principal attraction at a concert being arranged by the Soldiers' and Sail-  Cross Society, to be held nununp  ors' Mothers arid Wives Red  Cross Society, to be held in the  St. Peter's church, corner of 30th  avenue and Walden street, on  Tuesday evening, May 2nd. Artists on the programme will be  Misses S. Corneau, Madge His-  lop, Jean Henderson, Susy Roberts, Margaret Ramsay, Elvira  Walters, Amy Mutch, Paul,  Grace Pritehard, Edith Phillips  J and Bertha Ross.  .Aided by some excellent slides  made from photographs taken by  himself while a missionary in the  South American republic, Rev.  J. Richmond Craig gave a very  interesting and amusing lecture  last Monday evening A on "An  Unknown. Land arid Its People^'  in the Westminster Presbyterian  church. Mr. Craig, who is/well.' .,,.,.. , ���������,r?  known as a raconteur, delivered - x"kjA-'AAit  his lecture in a most'���������..entertairi*^.:;A":'J X'XX1  ing manner. He gave an ^account  of. his work among '. the,, native)  Indian tribes, and ��������� related manyv  amusing anecdotes of/ his f experiences. The lecture .was under  the. auspices of ! the Wpmeri*sr :XX*X^vXi|  Missionary-Society.:'; '���������������������������    c/X- :*'.^-^''^  '���������kM}J~'  Wj%*  :JA^  ikiMe  ''���������-���������-?��������������� i  X*Xj  *��������� 4*y* y:fe|  ���������-" XX'iX^K  '.':':'"   *'���������'*' X-"   .'''' A'/*"'''   <_i  ������v;:v.:..>"'-.-.-,Oi.;//|  (Air:  Note^ Notes, ;NotM*X  "Break, I^eak,VBreaW''~rV  Tennyson)     *^    ;   v      "  Notes,  notes, notes-^- .-;��������� ;'_���������* '���������'..:      :;.: *.'  "Writing's"my passion, you see;  With   a   pen   I easily   utter    :  The thoughts thiit arise in me.      "������������������'���������;.  'Tis hard on the peaceful souls  Who fare on their ocean wayX  But pass me another paper pad;  I will give my quill more play.  Yet the children continue to drown  In spite  of my utmost skill;  And   their mothers  weep  for the wee,  vanished  hands, ���������   ������������������-  And the baby lips that are still!  Notes,   notes,   notes��������� -  The end of my wits I see!  But the   wasted   days   when   I  might  have prepared  Will never come back to me.  ���������From   the   New   York Tribune.  '-'Xi'j'.'i'l  ���������-;*-������������������!*& '&M  ft"  ���������i:  THE WESTERN CALL  "Friday, April 28,  1916.  Wj  m  \W-  '-I?  '*���������;���������"���������  it  m  hfti.  I  s>  yi"  ft  I'ti  I*  I.:  ���������i  i  J?  I  1  rr  1  On    Saturday   afternoon    the  garden whieh has-been prepared  in Stanley Park to mark the tercentenary    of j William ShakesT  T-peare, was formally handed over  to  the, Board of  Park Commis-  '-.**���������        . ... .������������������** ���������  sioners by the Shakespeare committee. The ^ceremony was performed by Mrs. Jonathan Rogers  who planted the oak that will in  future years mark Vancouver's  appreciation of the poet.  The garden already contains  some 52 out of 300 trees, shrubs  and plants mentioned by Shakespeare in his works, and it is hoped to get within 30 or 40 of  the total number shortly. They  have been planted under superintendent Rawlings. The warm  bright sunshine Saturday afternoon attracted a large concourse  of people to the ceremony. For  the occasion a platform had been  erected, upon which were placed  ., rows of pot plants, with a bust  of. Shakespeare in the centre, sur1  mounted by a large Canadian  flag. Mrs. Jonathan Rogers^was  presented with a silver .miniature  SjpadeXas a memento of the occasion, by Mr. Dunbar Taylor,  the chairman, on behalf ���������'of.-'the  committee, with the inscription,  ** '^Presented- to r Mrs, Rogers by  . the.   i Shakespeare   Tercentenary  Committee, Vancoiiver, April 22,  1916," and in her reply expressed* the sincere wish that the garden would become One of the  noted spots of, the park in the  future?  XMr; Dunbar Taylor, in open:  ing the proceedings, explained  that the object of the committee  was to arrange for, a suitable  celebration of the tercentenary  of Shakespeare. Shakespeare, he  said, was a great poet, a great  Englishman, and a great patriot,  and could they doubt, he asked,  if Shakespeare were aliye in the  stirring times of today that he  would be an Imperialist of the  Imperialists ? He thanked the  park commissioners for the generous response they had, made to  the request of the celebration  committee, for the formation of  a garden as a commemoration  of the Shakesperean tercenten  ary.  Mr. J. Francis Bursill mentioned the fact that Vancouver was  not the first to ^initiate the idea  of a Shakespeare garden and referred to the famous one, at  Stratford-on-Avon, so they were  following a very gotfd example,  and he believed that this one,  like the one* at Stratford-ori-  Avon, wotild be the Mecca of  many visitors to whom it would  bring pleasing memories of Shakespeare.  In responding to a vote of  thanks to the commissioners, Mr.  Jonathan Rogers said he  thought they had a good deal to  do to make Stanley Park what it  should be. He spoke of the admiration the park awoke in visitors, and of its benefit to the  city from a health point of view;  , One thing ^hey should .do, he  said, was to make the, city*beautiful . for the mind and healthy  for the body.  Ald.^Mahon responded on be  half  of  the   city council.  HOW GERMANY MEETS  FOOD PROBLEM  X  GENUINE BARGAINS  Sacrifices that are not made from choice.  HOUSES  WEST END���������9-room strictly modern house on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. oS full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining room, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception iroom in expensive paper,' the  4 bedrooms have washbowls -with hot and cold water,  the.large front bedroom has artistic fireplace. Property  was formerly valued at $22,000. Today's price,- $8,900.  On terms.    ��������� *'"...'���������%  HORNBY ST.���������Semi-business, 25 ft;, in the first block  off Pender St., closest to Pender, with 10-room house,  rented, clear title,, old time price, about $22,000. Today for $8,300.   Tterm.s  FiVWVlEW���������Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  Ave. and East of Granville St. on lot 62% bj 100 _ ft.  and garage. Has hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000. Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000.   7% per, cent. Balance arrange.  H.VI8JLANO���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet and bookcases, furnace, fireplace, bath and toilet separate, gas and electric light. Sold for $7,500. Today for $4,500. Mtge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has,full basement, furnace, laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was sold for  $4,500.  KITSILANO���������MosiN attractive  5-room  bungalow,  new,  on  .10th  avenue, on   full  33.ft.  lot.,  has hot  water heat,  hardwood  floors, beam   ceilings,  pannelled walls,  bath  and toilet separate, fireplace, basement cement floored  =^���������^*_<Lj*i^  best  hardware.   Price   $3,500. Mortgage   $2,000.   8 per  cent. Balance arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������On Third Ave. near Commercial St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ft' Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  KITSILANO���������3 -year-old modern house on 8th Rve. on  large lot 66 by 132 ft., has hardwood floors, furnace,  fireplace, bath and toilet sejparate, valued at $6,000.  Today for $3,150. Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange. '-.,-���������.'���������"'':.  LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious location, as a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold here as high as $2,500, but owner hard up  sell for   $600.  POINT GREY���������On  the brow   of   the  hill  near   22nd   and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2   lots on   8th   Ave.   ner   Burns   St.,   cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50  ft.  lot on 10th  Ave. near Laurel  St. for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE. WEST���������33 ft. near Trutch St. dirt cheap  at $1300.   Also 50  ft. between Fir and Pine Sts.  for  $2800.   Formerly held at $17000.  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and Jackson for  $7600.  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  Strathcona, Place cost $4000 for $1500. A splendid  homesite.  KINGSWAY���������33 ft. near Nanaimo St.  for $450.  SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for  $75.  ACREAGE  SURREY���������152 acres near Port Mann.about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth Boad for $37 per acre.  BURNABY���������31/, acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000.  GIBSON'S LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  Roberts Creek 2 acres cleared, 2 slashed1' balance alder  and small ������t creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 years' old, assorted and small fruits. Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear deeded  lots or house not too far .out.  ALLAN BROS.  REAL ESTATE^ INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. 2873  Germany's "food supply has all  along been one of * the gre.it  questions of the war. With their  principal seapprts sealed the  German people find themselves1  vvholly dependent upon their  o^n industry and ingenuity to  supply themselves * with the  things   they must   have to   live.  But this condition was not unforeseen. Soon after ,. the war  opened a group of the most eminent scientists in Germany set  to work to find out, down to the  last gram, just what, food *was  required , and just how much  could be produced. They worked on the hypothesis that the  gates of Germany would be hermetically sealed. They took the  actual requirements of men, women and children in units of  food value and against, this they  set down just what the country-  could be made to. produce.  This study is not- lesg^.r.emark-  able for thoroughness fhan for  the striking result obtained. For  while,these experts finally reached the conclusion that Germany  could hold out," all their emphasis is placed^ on the. narrowness of. the margin or surplus  and on the necessity for great  changes in standards /of living  and in methods of production:  Mass of'Useful Information  English scieritists have seized,  upori the work of . the Germans  and found in it a mass of -information as to the actual state of  the empire. They have also been  at pains to.test the conclusions  of the Germans to see if perchance they had not been overconfident. The English editors,"  however, do not express an opinion on the ability of the German  people -to put into practice the  plans of the experts, but they  point out that some of : the figures for. food requirements are  lower than* /many physiologists  h^js^Qund^tb^be^-.thewCase.------���������  The English editors find satisfaction in the conclusions . of  the German experts, for it is accepted as an answer to the German cry tha^t the British blockade is starving or is destined to  starve millions of women and  children in Germany. That was  the reply_ voiced in many quarters when loud protests were  made against the sinking of the  Lusitania and the Zeppelin raids  on London. According to Germany's own authorities the British answer says no woman or  child in Germany need go hungry even if no food can be  brought   in.  The Englishmen also find in  the study a justification of the  British Order in council which  stopped food imports to Germany. For, the Englishmen say,  if Germany can produce within  her own borders just enough  food to feed her population, the  first person benefitted by an* increase' in the supply would be  the German soldier, and hence  England is wholly within her  rights in not adding strength  and comfort to her enemy's  fighting forces.  Summary bf Data  J).r. "Waller, of  the  University  of London,  thus summarizes the  essential data and conclusions of  the  German study in terms    of  '.protein, the most necessary and  most   expensive   substance ' contained in foodstuffs:  Germany used,during the years  1912-13 2,261,000 tons of protein per annum.  Germany can with care live  upori a smaller amount���������1,605,-  000 tons.   -  The internal resources of Germany cut off from any imports,'  will nearly meet this ^reduced  reed, producing;; .slightly more  tit:-n 3,554,00 0t:msX  The internal'' resources-: of  Gi'Tinany can be increased by  strict economy to 2,022,300  tons. ���������;������������������������������������ \  - Or, translating millions. of  tons into terms that appeal  more directly to the physiologist  arid to the actual consumer, this  message of the German professors to -the German people is as  follows:   X *  1. You consumed protein during the two years before the war  at the rate of 116 grams per  man per day, (or -96 grams per  head of the.population per day).  2. Your minimum ���������physiological requirement ��������� is 80 grams  per man per day, (or 64 grams  per head per day).        ;  3. You are producing at nbme  78 griams per man. per day,' (or  62.5 grams per head per day):  4.-Therefore, you must economize : and increase your home  production, which can be raised  to. 102 grams per man per day,  (or 81i'5 grams per head per  day). .������'������������������.  r *  RENTAL   LISTINGS  We are having a number of calls for five and seven room  houses, in different parts of the City. We shall be glad  to have your listings. No charge unless results obtained.  See our Rental Department.  North West Trust Company, Limited  Seymour -746TX    XX    / 509 Richards SX  THE  SHAKESPEARE  GARDEN  The complete list of plants in  ^the r Shakespeare garden is as  follows: Aebnitum, anemone, bachelor 's butt6n, balm, bilberry,  blackberry, broom, burdock, bur-  net camomile, carnation, caraway carrot, clover, cockle, columbine, cowslip- crocus or saffron, crowflower, crown imperial, cuckoo budsj' daffodil, daisy,  dewberry, dock, eglantine, elder, eringoes, fennel, fern seed,  flag, flox, fumitary, furz, harebell hawthorn, ;hazel, heath, hemlock,-heirip, holly, holy thistle,  hbneysuck%: hyssop, ivy, knotgrass, Xlark'si heels, lavender,  long purples, irialiow, marigold,  marporam, v'.minty-.mistletoe,. nettle, Oxslip, parisy, pink, peony,  poppy, primrose, , musk rose;  damask rose, provence rose,  white rose, red . rose, rosemary,  rue, rush, savory,-- strawberry,  thistle, thyme, violet and wormwood. These represent the more  prominent plants and flowers  mentioned by Shakespeare, not  including trees, vegetables or  ^-weeds--'"^^-^--^"^^-"^^"^^^^^  The people most addicted to  wasting time are those whose  time is not their own.  British Columbia's agricultural products for the year ending  March, 1915, were greater in value than the production of any  other of the principal industries  of British Columbia. Minerals  amounted to .$26,388,825, timber  products, $28,250,000, fisheries  $13,891,398, and agricultural  products .$30,184,100.       _   .  A company has been organized in Spain for operating, wireless telehone systems in Spanish  cities, also to connect with  Spanish vessels at sea and with  the Spanish possessions in Africa. It is proposed to erect wireless- stations at Cordoba, Seville,' Cadiz, Huelva and twenty-  nine other places.  Sweden has been experiment-  ing --'with peat powder as a fuel  for the locomotives on state-owned railways, and it is reported  that just as heavy trains can be  pulled and, as good speed made  with this fuel as with anthracite.  The Swedish state railway directors have asked experts to give  estimates of the cost of, preparing  a bog for the manufacture of  peat powder.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design. -:  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per  cent,  to   7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates manag-  . ed under personal supervision. X  Insurance���������Fire, Life,  Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  ���������?4*>l  Mplson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  '*;"  ' . ,_. MANUFACTURERS OF ,  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and  Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE ANP RETAIL.  REQUIREMENTS   FOR  OWJAN-UP   PAY  The success of. a "Clean-up  Day'' d3pendsc entirely- upon the  citizens. Leaders are necessary  to initiate the movement, to get  the proper officials interested,  and to awaken a public- interest.  In many places the Boy Scouts  have been called upon to assist in" "this" work, inspecting^ premises, in outlying and residential  sections. For this purpose a small  card is supplied as shown here.  These reports are returned to  headquarters and facilitate action to secure improvement.  Municipalities should provide  sufficient cartage facilities for removal of the refuse collected, furnish places for its disposal or destruction, and give  every encouragament for the  voluntary efforts of citizens  to make their home towns  more cleanly, more healthful and  more  homelike.  How It Happened  Jones   says   he's no   longer   engaged, to Lenore,  Though the contract was broken by neither; hut she  Once told   him   the   price of.  a  gown that she wore",  And he stated to her what his  income would be  For the year. yThe engagement,  unbroken that day,  Just sagged in  the  middle,  and  melted-away. '*;  War Clouds  CraAvford ��������� As it looks like  rain why don't you go back to  the house for your -umbrella ?  Crabshaw���������If I did I'd probably be interned for the night.  x   Something Lacking  Mrs. Jones, hung up the re-  ceiver after having finished using the^^ phone"and"walkc"d"t6~the'  counter, where she placed a ten-  cent piece., She waited a ' few.  seconds, and the druggist, thinking she was waiting for change,  said:  That's the correct amount,  madamf  I know it, but where are my  trading stamps ? was the woman's response.  You never can tell. A man  ���������may be perfectly -honest and still  have a different umbrella every  time it rains.  A spendthrift is a person who  saves his money for a rainy day,  and then prays for rain.  Semi-Iaterary        /  Emma, a charming young woman, was very literary, and  young Wood, her devoted admirer, was not the least inclined in  that direction.  He obtained permission to call,  and spent an embarrassing evening trying to discuss authors of  whom he knew almost nothing,  and their books, of which he  knew even less.  "Of course,   Mr,   Wood," remarked the young woman, arch  ly> "you have read 'Romeo and  Juliet,' -haven't you?" ���������  For a moment the young man  felt helpless, but, having a sudden brilliant thought occur to  him, lie replied:      ���������  "Why,  I've read   Romea!" ;  When a woman pauses for reflection,  look for  the  mirror.  In travelling the road to, success some people always want to  eut across lots.  :..::3ix. Friday, April 28, 1916.  P^v  Diamonds Scarce���������Price  ��������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������<������������������ ��������� ���������������������������:��������� >���������.-���������.:������.-���������,':'.��������� v,���������'-';.��������������������������� ;-v.1 r:.-.--..r-r-r-r-,....-;���������   ,-.���������.':��������� ������������������..-������������������ x-rAtuu vV-.;;-;.----.  ������������������������'.>���������'������  XxX  Aniericait jewelers   wtibr have  ir^tch^lthe'ladversc  effect^  bf  fche war upon^ the putputX>i "-the"  fcouth ^African   diamond   inines:  i.re;   "-wondering^ :Jiwh^th^;i-JJ';0^  availablesupply; Of: *this|^p*ular  [gem will Xief sufficient  to  m^  Lhe ebnStantry yjgrowihgXiwnandj  Ifor   it.   The XninesA h^ye^ been  [closed   since Xthe;   beginning bf  [the war, and it israppa.reht that  [they will not resume, operations  unless   the   British   government  'revokes   the   order   which  prevents  the  mine  operators  from  obtaining   the  explosives  necessary to carry on their work. Mr.  Lee  Reichman,  chairman  of the  Good and Welfare Committee of  the National Jewelers'. Board of  Trade, believes     that   the   diamond industry will reach a crisis unless  the  war  ends  within  six months, or unless the mines  are allowed to  obtain  a  supply  of explosives.  Only Piamonds   Available  "I think that I am pretty  close to the facts," said Mr.  Reichman, "when I say that the  only diamonds available are  those on the 'blue ground' of  the De Beers Company in South  Africa. All the diamond mines  worth mentioning are in South  Africa, and are owned by the  English.     In   order   to keep   a  mine ruhnihg^a constant supply  of expiqsivfes^^^ On  accoji^;^  material;^  i^fi^ value  ^v"-;the;^;gfe^m^  'gettihg;laj^  Ak$AfterAifcei ^xplosion>'the blue  cl^y ���������:*;"cbntamng;Xttie;:;* diamond  nugget i$ hscatterecl; over the  fields, where i,t is allowed to remain from six months to a year.  This is necessary,in order to subject the hard clay to the natural  or artificial slacking process that  erodes and- disintegrates the  rock-like substance and makes it  crumble and easy to work with.  These fields of blue clay are  technically known as 'blue  ground.'  Average to Each Load '  "In July, 1914, that is, when  the war began, the mines were  closed. At that time the records  produced by the directors of. the  De Beers Company showed that  there were 11,000,000 loads of  'blue ground.' A load of 'blue  ground' weighs about a ton. The  average find to every load is approximately one-third of a carat.  Thus you see that out of that  enormous amount of ground only  about 3,500,000 carats are found.  These, of course, are the nuggets  in the  rough,   of all^sizes,  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTH^���������^E~  WHY GO ALONG FROM PAY  TO PAY WITH UNSIGHTtY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH-AN OFFENCE  TOYOURFWmPS?  * X -���������* x' " *  If the dread of pain or youj inability to meet the  exorbitant price* charged hy other dentists has  hitherto prevented you having your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  PUlTOSTItY AS I ^ACTIOS *T  JS ABSOLUTELY PEVOIP OF ?AIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, PON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TOPAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver**    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver?*  Pioneer Painless  Dentist     COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.     Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  shapes, ^oloi^jXand brilUariiJies.;  Only an -average of 33 per een%  pf these stonesk is available^ to be  worked'with forVbrhamehtalrpurr  ppses^that;; is, to be turned inter  thefinished kbit ot jewelry you  buyX The rema:haer is used for  cutting, drilling and other purposes^ Roughly speakingy the  availaWe'Pe;;Beers load of ^blue  groundXwill yield about 1,200^  0Q0 carittts,-of the kind that we;  as';.,diamond importers are interested in. These 1,200,000 must  be cut into the desired shapes  and sizes. The average net result, after the cutting and grinding, is about 480,000 carats, or  40 iper1 cent, of the original number that were picked for drnk-:  mental purposes. It is this  course that we have been counting on since the war started.  During the ,last six months the  value of .the diamond has gone  up 20 and 30 per cent.  "Bear in mind that the figures given are hypothetical,  that is, 'we would have 480,000  carats to count on if all of. the  11,000,000 loads of 'blue ground'  were manipulated. Don't forget  that 'the ' workers in the mines  and factories are subjects of the  powers at war and have been  called to arms. Any labor that is  procured must be well paid for.  Besides the extra expense in labor we have to back up against  the increased rates on the money exchange, as well as the rise  in insurance rates. I have figured out the shipping costs to  be thirty-six times as much as  they were in normal times.  With, these facts in mind, I  think the state of the diamond  market   will be   appreciated."  r-vi-'y.,:rr!r:>ipy^^  ������������������.'^���������'-^S&  SHOCKIM&I^^  OF OERMAH SOLPIEBS  ������������������'������������������ .������������������"���������':'--'-..,n.,...,..: ���������->'*v:"i:^{f|y^|^g^|;  OEUR ^M-^tt^^  ^ *���������"���������*' .���������'���������* DutclX ^?���������������Xwl^H*V^^S^^  '.-.. '*;��������� decpralionip&n^  field i experieni^  Jttther.;Re&-.'-:'Ci^&^  just; com'eibaclfe;:;^  in^/hospit'aisXfrt^  onika.' She^:has\/:ke]jtr;ga^  she :is prepanhg������/fp^&pu|^^  ter. the '��������� yvar,J^at^ i^fde8crib^g^"Lin:  the London-:Weekl^^^si^^^iJB^Jife-  sincd the '?ateful^^gu^'Ofg$eSyear:  1914   she  '���������g^v(^..licm*iA:^*vi^^^A^'Ai^i'--  tracts',  f rom  it. *;'it;X������������?fc^Mment  filled with    ttiifobnai^^  such men*.;a8.^KMg;^M������itj'*:* KinjgvRBiter  of Serbia,'   Queenr Elizabeth ;.pfSBeli  gium,   the   CrownV;; Prince^pf ii Serbia,  Marshal  von der  Goltz,XBurgomaster  Max of Brussels, and 'other celebrities,  and  it gives  ai v^nd(Br^/;ii_8ight; into the hospital  aspectV^of;; tie 4 ;war^  Wounded herself in the Transvaal 15  years ago,   where   she first   saw   service   as   a   nurse,   she   has been    in  four campaigns,   including   the   Balkan    wars   of    1912-13.      Since, the  present struggle began  she  has been  almost  everywhere.  German Atrocities - \  Speaking of the first days of \. the  Belgian invasion, she says: "For five  days and five nights we worked incessantly, getting the bandages and  medical preparations ready and then  theory ended, for the wounded began to come in, and they, too, be-,  gan to know war's grim reality. A  neutral, I thought I .was safe, but  not with the Germans, as I' soon  found out. A few days after the  occupation of Brussels I found my  self imprisoned and brought before  Marshal von der Goltz. I refused to  speak, however, Kere Is an example  of what I saw on my journey^ taken  from my journal: "The trains are  filled with soldiers hurrying to the  front, and all around I heard them  boasting of their atrocities. 'We  burns a whole street of the beggars  who had locked themselves in their  cellars,' I heard one say. On this  I entered into conversation. How  did war feel from the active point  of view, I wondered? Two men answered my question. 'Ah, Schwes-  ter,' said one, 'it turns a man into  a beast. I feel as if I should never  be able to become a~ man again.',  Another said���������and I could see it was  true���������'I have lost an _ eye and an  arm, and my leg will probably be  amputated, but I would , give every  .other one of my limbs' with pleasure  if I could get the life' of an English  soldier   for   each of   them.'  "This was not   the worst   thing   I  came across. After all, I thought, it is  acts , that   show   the   man,   not sentiment.-" -I  saw  with  my own   eyes this  listen to it,   you   English,   any'   of  fei;^S|&iipB^^sw*^::*::*.-: -: ���������:*'  -rirv^rrr r .XXI^?������_i|l^  ���������-  ������������������ '���������"���������'        ''���������'��������� '���������'���������--''���������"'���������"-i'Vi'^^^  PlC'  You can make an appoint-  ment at any time to talk on  the long distance telephone.  Tell Central when it will be  most convenient for you, and  she will arrange to have the  the party wanted at that  time.  Si  J \     l^vl ��������� \  ���������'J i*-'.'��������� X  j x. ^._i  -*',- ���������)!  *.-> '���������  -.J ^��������� 4  British Columbia Telephone  Company, limited.,  information?"  The old fellow turned to the  desk ,thuinbed the ledger, and  chuckled. '/Well, the earliest settler I've got is Doc Talcott, an'  his best record is three months."  ANP STILL THEY HATE  "At Verdun Germany's last phase has  been advanced: Tagliche Bunrschau  defines^ neatly how she will behave  from   how   to   the end;  ''Away with all hampering restrictions, all prescriptions of right or law  or justice that can fetter our arms, in  our fight to the death with our most  sinister :enemy, England, whose trade  we must destroy, as she wished to  destroy^oBrs- -Bigl-t-frpm = the-very  first, when, so many a sentimental  doctrinarian raised his( bleating voice  against it, we knew that it would  have to come to a war without scruple or mercy. Now we exclaim, with  the full power of our lungs, 'Down  with England!' This must be the  cry from morn till night of every  German man and woman. We are on  right road, the men and the means  are ours. We need but WILL. We  MUST humiliate and crush England,  aad that- we can only do by assault  ing her shipping and her trade with  submarines, with torpedoes, with aerial bombs, with whatever weapon the  inventive''brains of our scientists may  give birth to, and in our rush at  that enemy wc must not look either  to . the right or to the left, apprehensive of hurting any neutral bystanders."'  These seven days the corpsecup lias  been banned���������very ancient custom in  ruraj   Germany.   Says   Berlin   Post:  "Widespread discontent has been  aroused in many parts of the country by the order issued by the chief  command of the First Bavarian Army  Corps prohibiting the immemorial  custom known as the 'Corpse Cup.'  It has been the practice on the conclusion of a- funeral for the friends  of the dead to assemble' either in  seme local tavern or at the house of  a near relative there to consume pots  of beer to the memory, of the departed. The army authorities consider that on these occasions money is  spent which could be mueh IJetter  utilized in days like the present. In  not a few. cases, excessive devotion  to the 'Corpse Cup' has led to scenes  of immorality and licentiousness. It  is, therefore, the more emphatieally  that we condemn the rebellious outbreak- and the resistance to the public authorities that the suppressions  of this old custom has given rise to  in this district, where several persons were more or less seriously injured in a lamentable affray with the  military police."���������-From the Boston  Transcript.:  Historical Item  A young woman with a note  book and a pencil entered _.the  store of Jonathan Driggs, in a  small Connecticut town, and said  to the proprietor: "Good morning, Mr. Driggs, I'm looking up  records  of 'the  early settlers  of  the town. Could you give me any you, if you still think well of the  Germans!  Torturing the British  "The train had stopped at Landen,  near Liege, and, getting out, I went  toward an open cattle truck around  which stood, some 50 Germans, who  to me appeared as if they were jeer  ing some beasts. To my horror I  found that their -victims were wound  ed English soldiers lying in the  straw, their wounds gaping red, but  dry, showing they had been exposed  for days. I pushed my way through  them and gazed into their faces, and  to my horror they were covered with  spittle and filth, and for a moment  I completely lost my head and made  for   the   nearest  officer.  "'You brute,' I exclaimed, "the  wounded are sacred throughout the  world. How dare you allow your men  to. .-.behave,- Jike__ that ^_to.these...heroic  Englishmen!'  "He looked down furiously at me  through his eyeglasses, but he saw  that I was in earnest and I continued  to   plead - for   them  " ' Remember, you are speaking to  a German  officer,'  he  said.  " 'Remember, that the wounded are  sacred of whatever nationality they  are,'   I  replied.  "He did not like it, but he stopped his men, and with that I was allowed to get near the two Tommies  who were lying beside their dead  comrade. I wiped their poor faces,  and never while I live will I forget  the look of gratitude in their poor  eyes as they kissed my hand. I do  not know their names, and they died  next day at Aachen, but I swore  within myself. 'Some day that deed  ��������� of German brutality will ring through  England.' "  Horrors in Serbia  From Belgium Soeur Martron went  to England, and presently to Serbia  The conditions there she records in  these words:  "When I arrived at Yakpodina, for  instance, I -found there were 450  wounded in one school���������all lying, net  in beds, but as best they could in tlie  straw, some of them with as many  as 25 wounds upon their bodies. As  to the dirt the place was literally  ajive with lice as large as rice. And  there were no qualified nurses. AI  tiie help they got was from, four  girls, refugees from Belgrade, and  Austrians at that, if you please. They  were 16, 17, 19 and 21 years old and  were quite helpless in the face of  such mountains of dirt and misery.  Even I,- with my IS years' experience of hospital life, had to turn  away  "The sweetness of the Slav is won'  derful.'. He seems the embodiment of  pity, especially when suffering is  concerned. For example, I find that  they always look after their eaptives  as mothers might after their children  when they were wounded. As to the  equipment   of   their  hospitals,  nearly  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL POUNDERS  ���������i j,  j-yl  *'   ' ���������  :\ X_  <x*^  ���������was*  ' ^'#??  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. O.  everything was lacking. I find that  we .have hardly 20 instruments in the  whole plnce. when we should have  *.00, and this means terrible suffering,  for we cannot give them anesthetics,  and have sometimes to stun the patients into insensibility before we begin amputation. The doctor and niy-  se]f haye to work together with a  peasant holding an ordinary petroleum  lamp over our heads, just as used to  be done ,100 years ago. Thousands suffer from gangrene, and sometimes we  are forced to make two and three  imputations to the same limb. At first  we had nothing better than ordinary  paper   to  put around   the   wounds.  Mutilated Belgian Children  "I have just come back, as it were  from the dead, having broken down  in the great strain .in Serbia. As I  passed throug Italy I met several  Belgian women whose husbands were  at'-the "'frbnF^nd^"hose~ciiiidren_lFad"  had their hands cut off by the Germans, and these were looked after  by Queen Helena. How much .more  suffering I am fated to witness I  cannot tell, but I only trust I may  have 'strength..to'-see the victory of  the allies, for win they must and  will. Probably my next work will be  the Italian front���������I am only waiting  the necessary permits and strength���������  for I feel my mission is soon to be  in the trenches beside the sufferers,  and for this I have left my own children and my aged mother of 78, for  my only thought is to see the downfall of Germany-and the glorious reentry of the Belgian king and queen  to their martyred but ever-loyal capital."  our romNa  Substitutes   for  Calgary   Bars  Calgary frequenters of the bars will  not   have  to   worry  where   they   will  spend the dull hours to drive dull  care away, for the city has decided  to establish municipal bowling greens  in the down-town district, adjacent to  the: city hall, and two quoiting pitches on the lawn in front of the labor bureau. The greens will be laid  out by the park department and looked after by the supervisor of the  city hall grounds. After July 1 Cal-  garians who feel like going out to  have a good time need only to  meander down-town, pay a small fee,  take a bowling ball in their hand  and let 'er rip .If bowling has not got  enough of a kick in it, they may  walk across the street and participate  in some of the hard stuff in the  shape of a game of quoits. Policemen will be stationed at the corners  to prevent rowdyism.���������Edmonton Bulletin.  The Wise rool  "In these days of progress there is  no such word as fail," observed the  Sage.  "No," agreed the Fool. "Theword  used  nowadays  is  assignment.  A feller isn't thinkin' mean,  Out   fishin';  His thoughts are mostly good    and clean  Out fishin',  He  doesn't knock  his fellow men,  Or harbor any grudges then;  A feller's at his finest, when  Out  fishin'.  The rich are comrades to the poor,   '*  Out  fishin';  All brothers of a common lure,  Out  fishin';  The  urchin with  the pin an'  string  Can chum with millionaire an' king;  Vain pride is a forgotten thing.  Out fishin'.  A feller gits a  chance to  dream,  Out   fishin';  He learns  the beauties of  a  stream,  ���������^^-,____i._fe|_J!^L-..^^-=_^^^^=_  An' he can wash his soul in air  That isn't foul with selfish care^  An' relish plain an' simple fare  Out   fishin'.  A feller has no  time for hate; ���������  Out   fishin';  He isn *t eager to be great,  Out  fishin';  He  isn't thinkin'  thoughts   of  pelf,  Or goods stacked high upon a shelf,  But  he  is   always just himself,  Out   fishin';  A feller's glad to be a friend,  Out fishin';  A helpin' hand he'll always lend,  Out    fishin';  The   brotherhood   of rod an'.line  An' sky an' stream is always fine;  Men   come   real close   to   God's design,  Out    fishin'.  A   feller   isn't   plotting schemes  Out   fishin';  He's  only busy with  his dreams,  Out   fishin'; \  His  livery is  a   coat  of  tan,  His  creed:  to  do the  best he can;  A  feller's always   mostly   man,  Out   fishin'.  ���������By   Edgar   A.   Guest, from   Marble's   Monthly  Message.  According to Germany, battering  one's way through a neutral country is purely a defensive measure,  while the carrying of a gun bjr a  steamship for the purpose of holding  off murderous attack is wantonly offensive.���������Philadelphia North AmerV  ican.  "I think you are tlie man that  stole my shirt," said Mike O'Haf-  ferty one day when he met a very  suspicious looking foreigner roaming  about  his   house.  "Do you think I would stoop so  low as to take your shirt?" said the  stranger.  "You hadn't to stoop at all. It  was   hanging up." mmmm*:  ^mMi^sm GAjb  Friday, April 28, 1916-  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EYERY FRIDAY  A '.'.X X By ���������..'the..;:'f  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 .Kingsway, Vancouver, B. 0.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada, r:'--\ X-  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor   '  THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC  AND THE  NEWSPAPER  Not longer than twenty-five  years ago it was not an uncommon occurrence at press and political banquets for the guests to  regale one another with: ('afters  dinner oratory seasoned and  made stupid with alcoholic stimulant. To what is due the marked absence of. liquor and liquor-  drinking today, not only at these  but at kindred banquets and  suppers? This change has come  about in such a short period of  time. From a condition of abso-  lute friendliness, indeed of com-  . radeship, between the newspaper and the liquor traffic there  has developed, first a state of  cold neutrality and finally a condition of open and resolute hostility. Today liquor has scarcely  a friend left among reputable  newspapers.  "We can. easily remember when  it was counted as fanaticism, indeed as business folly, for a  newspaper either to advocate  prohibition in its editorial columns or to refuse liquor adverT  tisemehts oh its advertising  pages. When the newspapers  first began to take this stand  it was the accepted thing -k tor  the traffic to increase'Tithe size  of their advertisements in the  ���������,,-��������� vain belief that the newspapers  X^CTe'-poly -''working a bluff''in  X order to raise more revenue.  Later on, when they began to  realize that the papers were real-1  ly in earnest in their expression  of opinion, they attempted to  prevent the sale of such papers  in certain news stands and; often carried the war into the par^  liamentary lobby.  But in spite of this stand, more  and more newspapers of both political persuasions have declined  ���������and are declining liquor advertisements in their columns. It will  not, perhaps, be so long before  it will be illegal for any newspaper to publish such advertisements. The following is the text  of one clause of a bill now before  the local house in New Brunswick:  That no person shall, upon any  w..Y__)"?te_-_^  any  public   place or   resort,   or  upon any sign or billboard, or  upon any circulars, posters, price  lists, newspapers, periodicals, or  otherwise, within the limits of  this province, advertise liquor,  or advertise the manufacture,  sale, keeping for sale, or .furnishing of liquor, or the person  from whom, or place where, or  the price of which, or the method by which liquor may be obtained.' And that no person shall  circulate or publish, sell or offer for sale, any newspaper, periodical, or other written or printed matter in which an advertisement in this section specified  shall appear, or for any owner or  occupant to permit any sign or  billboard containing such advertisement to remain upon his  premises, or to circulate any  price lists, order blanks, or other matter for the purpose of inducing or securing orders for liquor,   no   matter   where located.  "The penalty for such offence  is a fine of not less than $20 nor  more than $80 for the first offence, not less than $25 nor more  than $100 for the second offence, and imprisonment not less  than two months nor more than  five months for the third offence."  In addition to this there has  been a growing sentiment against  the showing of liquor advertise  ments on the^ strejetlir 'iff* our cities. In many=state^ orivthe other  side; of the.line it is already uri-  lawful 'JiorJk newsdealers, to sell  newspapers that contain liquor  advertising, and in- seventeen  states it is unlawful for, the newspapers to accept such advertis-:  ing; It looks as if the traffic had  lost.; all its ..friends. Indeed, if  |he question of. liquor advertising  had been settled at this session  of parliament, as it might have  been, every genuine newspaper  in Canada would have felt reliev-  edv for they are all anxious to  separate once and for all from  the liquor traffic.  THE  SOLIDARITY OF THE  ENTENTE  "*  '* '    '���������'**.*/.  The    continued     arrival     in  France of strong forces of Russian troops holds a mirror, as it  were, to the vital question of  compulsory service in Great Britain whose issues are stirring up  so much political strife in the  mother country at present. That  there must be and is a great  need of men at the front is demonstrated by the fact that our  Russian allies are sending men  a long way and at great risks to  fill the gap. Of course, the fact  that we are all fighting for the  one cause of right and freedom,  and that while Russia has more  men than she 'can supply munitions to, Great Britain has more  munitions than men, balances accounts as it were.  The presence of the Russians  in France is typical, more than  anything that has happened since  the outbreak of hostilities of the  indissoluble unity of purpose  and������ unanimity of. mind of the  Quadruple Entente and' gives a  vivid idea of the solidarity oi  an alliance in which each unit  is ready to fight to the death  for the common interests of humanity and civilization. For Russia 's immediate interests do not  lie in the French theatre of war,  but rather oh the Black Sea and  round about Constantinople- This  fact shauld contribute greatly to  the cause of the conscriptionist  party in Great Britain, and, no  doubt, will.  On the other hand, it is to be  remarked that the British navy  has gone far afield in the interests of the Quadruple Alliance  and little is as yet known of the  magnitude of the service which  British seamen have contributed  towards the final victory of the  powers in all the theatres of the  war.  shptyn cpitelusively to what  heights of artistic and dramatic  ability eVen. the merest amateiir  may rise, when inspired' by a*nfex-  ample such* as Mr; Shaw's, ^rid-  by close application to the dramatic spirit of the plays. In this  connection it might be suggested  that, since these,.;._players have  shown Vancouver whatveanA be  done with proper effort along  Shakespearean lines, we might  be treated to some of theXld-  time favorites such as Beau  Brummel, The Passing of> the  Third Floor Back, Dr. Jekyll and  Mr. Hyde, The Bells, The Only  "Way, many of which: could be  produced with simple settings.  In addition there are at least  three Shakespearean plays, The  Taming of the Shrew, As You  Like It, and Macbeth, that  should prove eminently successful under similar auspices.  We hope Mr. Shaw and his  players have been satisfied with  the reception given _them ��������� this  week. We hope, also, that those  who did not attend these plays  wiU realize the treat they have  missed. We can conscientiously  say" that the interpretation of  such parts as the first gravedig-  ger in Hamlet, and the ���������"'mad  scene" of Ophelia would, in  many respects have done no discredit to professionals of worldwide fame. X  SHAKESPEARE WEEK  __The^-theatrergoing=, public- - of  Vancouver has had an enviable  opportunity this week to witness  the production of .some of the  finest of Shakespearean tragedy  and comedy in a truly Shakespearean setting. While it has  been much the fashion in recent  years to play Shakespeare with  the elaborate scenic and electri  cal effects indigenous to the spectacular drama such a practice  has certainly detracted in many  instances from the attention  given to the finer dramatic incidents of these plays, and has  perhaps been responsible for a  falling away in the truly artistic  representation intended by the  dramatist.  No such accusation can be  brought against the. excellent  company that has made the characters of Shylock, Portia, Hamlet, Ophelia, Romeo, Brutus and  Mark Anthony live before our  eyes at the Empress theatre this  week. With nothing to detract  from the efforts of the actors  but a conventional stage setting  and graceful draperies, the audience is naturally drawn to an  intelligent and appreciative hearing of each actor's part, and the  result,-as evidenced by the rapt  attention and unwearied interest of the audiences this week, is  all that could be desired.  The productions of Hamlet  and The Merchant of Venice have  While the Russians are over  here,dancing bef.ore us, the Turks  in Europe* are trotting before  the Russians.  .' X '���������* .*.    ���������';  Before long the annual list; of  spring drownings will be coming in and then we will have  two casualty   lists   to   contend  with.  ��������� ���������   *  The Spaniards are said to, be in  a frenzy of rage against 'Germany, so this might be a?&ood  time for a British recruiting 'officer to slip over and gather in  a battalion of bull-fighters.  # #   *  While thinking of his troubles with Carranza, Mr. Wilson  must be pleased to recall that  Mexico larely" has any one' president for more than a couple  of months.  *'*��������� *>' .*  Since the beginning of the war  200.0 dailies, weeklies and inaga-  zines have passed out of existence in Germany. This is due to  the high prices of paper and ink,  and to the shortage of advertisements. Many others will now be  forced to cease publication, as  the" German 'Paper Manufacturers' Trust, which controls the paper market, has resolved to increase the price of paper 40 per  cent.  ������������������' #    #;   #  A London despatch tells us that  the seizing of German" ships in  Portugese harbors and the consequent releasing of them for the  freight carrying trade will do  much towards relieving the congestion that exists in connection  with the latter and that has had  so serious an effect on the-prices  received by .producers. Anything  Avhich tends to this result is; welcome. Reasonable people all recognize that the high ocean rates  were inevitable in - view of the  large reduction in tonnage and  the risks to whieh ships have  been exposed, but they do not  want this state of things to continue any longer than is necessary.  BRITISH COLUMBIA ONLY  2103 SHORT OF QUOTA  The latestv recruiting figures  show that of its share of the  500,000 men Canada has planned  to raise, British Columbia and  the Yukon have only still to en-  lisst 2103 men. Alberta has actually raised 2656 more men than  its quota and Manitoba ahd Saskatchewan are only 7017 short.  These figures are on the basis  that each province should raise  its quota according to population by the last census. British  Columbia has enlisted 27,634 men  and her share by population ia  29,787. Ontario has still to raise  41,560 men; Quebec no less than  105,922, and the Maritime provinces 36,436 men.  BOARDS OF TRADE .  MEET HERE MAY It  Representatives of the various  boards of trade throughout Ihe  province of British Columbia  will meet in the Vancouver B.  of Trade rooms on Friday, May  12, for the purpose of organizing an association which will  take in every board of 'trade in  British Columbia. The organization will be known as the Associated Boards of Trade of. British Columbia, and while its inception will probably bring with  it the demise of the Associated  Boards, of Trade of the Western Mainland of British Columbia, its main object will be to  render more effective the work  carried on by such bodies.  The Associated Boards of  Trade of the Western Mainland  of British Columbia, the body behind the scheme, has sent out the  call for the gathering, and will in  all probability cancel its annual  convention scheduled for the first  Thursday in June. This matter  will be finally decided at the gathering on May 12!  . The activities of such a body,  to take in all the boards of the  province, it is calculated, will  :be far more beneficial to the province as a whole than the work  carried on by the different organizations in existence at present. Such an organization will  be able to approach the provincial   or  federal   government   on  any question it desires to bring  to, thej* ncftice of Either of the  governments, andj lend added  weight^ ib'l its .reeommenjlations  by theLfact that it is represent  tative of the entire province.  SCHOOL BOARD ENDORSES  M. P's SENTIMENTS  At ��������� the meeting of the school  board last night a letter was  received from Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., regretting that for  reasons of economy the board  should find it necessary to dispense with the office of .supervisors ; also expressing his conviction that technical education  v.\_. bectonving more important  each year, and should be- en*-  couraged by the board as much  )is possible. In receiving the  communication the board agreed  with   the sentiments  expressed.  The report of Municipal Inspector Gordon showed that the  enrollment in the day schools  for March was 13,564 as compared with 13,486 for March, 1915,  the average daily attendance  this year being 12,071. The annual athletic meet of the high  schools will be held-at Brockton Paint grounds on May 23,  ton Point grounds on May 23,  school cadets.     ~  WESTERN CALL, $1.00^a Year.  PROHIBITION VOTE .   ^t  IN YEAR 1891  The J Dominion-wide -vote  and against Prohibition wras tal  en on September 29, in the yea|  1898.     The   vote    by province  Was as follows: Ontario, for, 154J  499, against,    114,275,    majorit-j  tor 39,224;   Quebec,  for 28,582  against 122,614, majority agains  94,032; Nova Scotia, for, 34,646  against,  5402; majority for 29J  244; New Brunswick, for 26,9111  against,   9576,  majority for 17,{  335;  Prince Edward Island,  foi  9461, against 1146, majority if oi  8316;   Manitoba, for   1,2,419,: a-J  gainst 2978,  majority  for 9441;  British   Columbia, for 5731, * a-|  gainst   4756,   majority .for 975;']  Northwest  Territories,  for 6238,  against 2824, majority for 3414.  Total vote for 278,478, total vote  against  264,571;  total provincial  majorities for   107,948: majority  in Quebec against 94,032.  California wine growers may.  find a market for their products  in India, according to United  States Consul Laing at Karachi.  The importation of European  wines in his district has fallen  off on account of the war, and  he suggests that it would be well  California growers to send samples to India of wines similar to  those formerly consumed ��������� by the  natives.  MAKE YOUR WASHING DAY  A PERFECT DAY  Electric Washing Machines  will wash; anything from delicate laces to heavy blankets quickly; and thoroughly in one-sixth of the time  that it takes to do the same by hand.  THE ELECTRIC WASHER  is Chainlets���������Beltleis���������Silent, easy to operate.   The  electricity required for an ordinary fain9y.wa8h;0|j:fwp^  hours costs less than 3 cents. XXX-  We have one on display at our show room which we  will be pleased to demonstrate to you.  Hastings & Carrall Sts.  1138 Granville "St.  The report given out by Weatherman Shearman of the weather conditions in Vancouver for  the week ending April 25, eon-  tains the following points of interest:  Rainfall:  1.37 inches.  Total sunshine: 16 hours 6 min.  Highest temperature: 60 degrees on April 25.  Lowest temperature: 34 inches  on April 23.  GAIN or no gain the cause before the farmers of Canada is as clear as it was last  year���������they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands that may  be made, and J believe this to be especially true in regard to live stock, the world's  supply of which, must be particularly affected in this vast struggle."���������HON.  MARTIN BURRELL, Minister of Agriculture.  THE  FOLLOWING   STATEMENTS   ARE   BASED   ON    REPORTS   CONTAINED   IN  " THE AGRICULTURAL WAR BOOK,  1916,"  PUBLISHED BY THE  DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, OTTAWA, ONT.  LIVE STOCK���������^'he herds and flocks of Europe  have been greatly reduced. When the war is over  there will be a great demand for breeding stock.  Canadian farmers should keep this in mind.  MEATS���������In 1915 Great Britain imported 664,508  tons of beef, mutton and lamb, of which 364,245  tons came from without the Empire. Out of  430,420 tons of beef only 104,967 tons came from  ���������within the Empire.  The demands of the Allies for frozen beef,  canned beef, bacon and hams will increase rather  than diminish. Orders are coming to Canada.  The decreasing tonnage space available will give  Canada an advantage if we have the supplies.  PAIRYING"���������Home consumption of milk, butter  and cheese has increased of late years. The war  demands for cheese have been unlimited. The  Canadian cheese exports from Montreal in 1915  were nearly $6,500,000 over 1914. Prices at  Montreal���������Cheese : January 1915/ 15H to 17  cents; January 1916, 18)4 to 18J_ cents.  Butter: January ��������� 1915, 24 to 28% cents;  January 1916, 32 to 33 cents.  EGGS���������Canada produced $30,000,000 worth of  eggs in 1915 and helped out Great Britain in the  shortage. Shippers as well as producers have a  duty and an opportunity in holding a place in  that market.  WRITE TO THE DOMINION  DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND TO YOUR  PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENT FOR BULLETINS ON THESE SUBJECTS  Tens of thousands of Canada's food producers have enlisted arid gone to the front. It is only fair to them  that their home work shall be kept up as far as possible. The Empire needs all the food that we can produce  in 1916. '  PRODUCE MORE AND SAVE MORE SAVE MATERIALS FROM WASTE  MAKE LABOUR EFFICIENT SPEND MONEY WISELY  THE  GOVERNMENT   OF  CANADA 4  THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE - 1 J ������,������  ^  7���������"~  i -  ",ti i  V '  -r~r- ������������������������r~ 't-  ','   _,  -3=j  '"  'i'*l  Friday, April 28, 1916.  THE WESTERN. CALL  %Wa I  Hi  ^__|y M   9*w  ring  lngSof  Most Progre.ssiveMerch.ants  .-��������� Ar  k k;k  b'kk-j  ���������?.-**J_  XX'  j  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We know this-WE^VE TRIED IT OUT. You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the .Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MONEY."  \ -' ������3'i  LAWN   MOW.ERS  SHARPENED RIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Grinding Company  WEST  20 PerCeivtA  Off  ALL TRIMMED HATS  For  the NEXT  WEEK ONLY.  Jvliss J^IcLenagJien  2410 Main Street-  SPECIAL  MEN'S   SHIRTS   $1.00  EACH  We have just opened up an immense  lot of MEN'S WOEKINQ SHIRTS  in Black, Navy, Grey and Tan Colors.  Sizes 14V.   to 17.  ICMOO.RE  Dry   Goods   and   Gents'   Furnishings  2211-2215  Gamble  St.    South  For the Very Best Fancy  and Staple Groceries  Phone  Fair.   1276  B. A. SHATFORD  254 Broadway West  GREAT BRITAIN'S  GLORIOUS P.AST  al times, but they say nothing and  go on. Berlin is silent while tongues wag in London.���������-Frederick Palmer, in Collier's Weekly.  Of course there are some people who  think that anybody who says a good  word for the English must be what  is   known   as;  an   Apglormaniac who  I uses broad a-"s, speaks, of "dear old  Lunnen'? as' 'they do on the vaudeville^ stage, and holds his breath in.  awe of the mention of a duke.. I  come of .blood which has fought the  British twice ���������./and;.X^oui3'.''������^���������':-''.;*l<>if..  the right cause. My ideas of how  the* British fight and the; part: they  bave played in this war were-jfornr-  ed not -.;..in company bf dukes or iii  '������������������dear^ bid Lunnen from the gossip of  . tbe Strand; but at the British .front.  I think that  the  British  are entitled  [V to fair play and to be judged by what  they have done rather than .by the  way >tfaey-talk., -  Thfen   in   two  months   the   British  [ had lost more killed and wounded  than their ��������� original force; in six  months, more than the total of their  standing army. They had lacked ma:  ehin'e guns and guns of heavy calibre, so had the French. The English had not only to train men who  had never shouldered a rifle, but to  equip thenv "*' Eussia and France,  too,'*iafeked sufficient uniforms   at'ttie  it outset of the war for all the soldiers  they had. From the   Belgian   and the  ft"; Serbiant'and   the   Russian, army came  the  call|to* manufacturing    England  for arms-and- uniforms. England was  ���������������������������-���������"the imintf~the -f oundryy the -^workshop,  - whiSh must'' be.''a bottomless source  of:^SupplyXwhile every demand of  Jejlicoe.'s had to be met.      She  plod-  '/ ded* on' .sturdily, if not brilliantly,  criticizing  no   one   but   herself..  Though   the   British   had   supposed  that their part was zo command    the  sea, three million volunteered to cross  the Channel of go further overseas and  ;     fight.    This is a   different thing   from  '' volunteering to . fight in your own  country against an invader. Mind,  these three million did not have to be  ordered to fight. They w;ent of their  own free will, carpenters, farmers, cos-  termbngers, doctors, lawyers, millionaires and labourers, with every able  bodied man of Oxford and Cambridge  and other universities and great public schools offering himself. History  has afforded nothing finer than this  outpouring and never was there an ef-  ; fort more depreciated by those who  made it.  For the lack of guns the British in  - France had to fight with flesh and  blood against superior artillery���������flesh  and blood against machine killing.  France needed help; England gave* all  she had to give���������the lives of her  men.  ... One reason they had to hold a short  line was that for many months they  had to do it with flesh and blood,  without adequate, guns or adequate  shells for the guns, though they have  the shells now and are getting, the  guns. Another reason was that they  held the famous Ypres salient, one of  the bloodiest parts of the line.  If you don't think so, ask any Ger  .:������������������-.   man   who has fought there.       Again,  after   this war,   don't   make   the   mis  take   of   depreciating  the British   sol  dier to a  German soldier. The highest  > praise you can hear for the British  army   is   from  Germans.  The English talk of "muddling,"  but it seems to me that they do very  much   less   muddling   than    .they   ad-  . yertise. The error so highly criticized  at Loos was made by the German staff  only a few days later. In fact, the  Germans.have been guilty of it-sever-  ^MILLION MEN  UNDER   ARMS  ON TRAIL WITH THE  BOY SCOUT PATROL  EAST.ER CAMPS  By "TADS"  . What does an fenny' of a million  mean 1 One million - men marching  four abreast w'ould extend over a line  400 miles long,: practically from Kansas City to the Colorado border. Some  of 'the things that these million  men must .be provided with before  they can-fight areX: :;:: ��������� "������������������?'.?. X*  ��������� 750^000Xiftes and bayonets for them  to ..fight with. :  265,000 pistols, little brothers of  the   riflie.  8,000 maehine guns, the military  scythe..,  ..���������" 2,160/':'. field guns to batter down  attack. '"'���������'::������������������'���������.  XI 65,000,000 cartridges to carry  them into their first fight, and as  many more for  each  succeeding fight.  2|500,000 shells and shrapnel for  our field guns for every hour they  are in action. /  . 196,000 horses to carry them and  pull  their  gun    carriages.  127,000 mules to haul their supplies and   ammunition.  1,000,000 cartridge belts for their  ammunition.  1,000,000 first aid packets to bind  up their   wounds.  1,000,000 pouches tp keep them dry.  ���������1,000,000-canteens;-;: -^-X ,--~--iX  Each of them must have uniform  and equipment. -,....  ������    .  1,000,000 shelter halves to protect  them from the  weather.  2,000,000 blankets to keep them  warm.  2,000,000   pair . of  shoes.  2,000,000 uniform coats,, breeches,  leggings,    suits    of   underwear.  1,000,000   hats.  2,000,000 shirts.  4,000,000   pairs  of  socks.  ' 1,000,000 . haversacks.  Finally they must eat:  1,000,000 pounds  of  meat each day.  1,000,000 pounds  of bread each  day.  2,000,000 lbs. of vegetables each day.  3,0,00,000 pints of coffee or tea  each day.  All this must be purchased, transported, prepared, and cooked each  day,   and   to   eat it,   they must have:  1,000,000 cups.  1,000,000  plates.  1,000,000   knives.  1,000,000    forks.  To provide for proper care, training and lead in battle they ��������� should  have:  25,000  trained officers.  The calling into service of one million men would mean the organization, equipping and training of ten  armies the size of the complete regular army of the present time. If  one million men should apply at the  recruiting offices it would require the  uninterrupted effort of 1,000 recruiting parties working day and night  for more than ten days to enroll and  enlist them. It would require a  ���������jveek to move them to the camps,  provided all the * suitable railroad  equipment of the country were given  over   to   this  work   alone.  One thousand men would have to  work day and night for ten days to  erect the tents for them, and when  completed this camp would amount  to a eity of more than 125,000 tents,  covering 'an area of more than .800  acres, an area equal to the size of  St. Joseph.���������From tne Kansas City  Journal.-  :- - ������������������ -       -  Grandview Camp  First come, first served. The first  letter "Tads" received this week  was from the sturdy boys of the  Grandview Troop telling me of their  Easter  camp at  Mosquito Creek.  "Tads" read their letter several  times and was quite pleased when  they said that they had adopted my  suggestion and practiced the "True  Camp Spirit." It works fine, doesn't  it, boys?  The letter read: "The Troop's Easter camp was a great success in spite  of the weather. We all had a good  time and will look forward to other  proposed camps.  With expectations of good weather  the campers set out on Friday morning shortly after nine o'clock. Six  went on the morning ferry, but thirteen followed at 1 o'clock. Mosquito  Creek was reached in the early afternoon and a camp was pitched on the  bank of the stream and everything  prepared for the night. The tents  were pitched, fires burned brightly  and supper ' was brought from the  packs and a merry party of cooks busied themselves frying and boiling'.a  ''Scout supper."  '!���������' When .everybody'' was' satisfied as  far as "eats"- were concerned, bed's  were made and the party turned in,  glad to be out of the drizzling' rain  and in -'between the warm blankets.  The boys were up again at 6 o'clock,  fires were lit, and soon bacon was sizzling and coffee boiling. Breakfast  was greatly enjoyed by all and little  heed   was paid  to the showers.. ;.���������"'������������������;  After the breakfast "had been cleared away the boys proposed a hike to  Capilano Creek by the new trail. They  visited the canyon and returned in  record * time and then cooking was  again in order and many attempts  were made at fancy cooking with varied success. The Tenderfoots on the  whole did their cooking tests with  credit for fire lighting oh a wet day  is not a snap. After dinner a party  went up Grouse Mountain and they  found it easy going with the* snow  on'the trail.  T Sunday" was spent -in "canfp, and' in  the evening the majority of the boys  returned home. The camp was well  attended, there being 21 members  present and the week end was profitable to all and each scout took the  unpleasant weather in the true camp  spirit of "smiling and whistling under all difficulties."  trip in the country for several days.  He' returned in time to take his boys  on the promised three days' camp and  next week we are to hear all about it.  Perhaps the 14tli Troop camp will  send me a story of sufficient interest  to head the column.  Central Methodist  The Boys of the" Central. Methodist  Troop had planned an Easter camp  but their highest hopes vanished when  the'bad weather set in. A number of  the boys met on the morning planned  for the start in the hopes that the  sun would shine, but it was no use.  They would not be downed and a  nuirfber of them finished up the day  With a hike round Stanley Park. No  meeting, was held lost Friday, but  Scoutmaster Andrews hopes all the  boys   will  be  present today.  Ladies' and Children's  Middies   ......$1.00  to   $1.75  Blouses $1.50 to $2.50  Acme Millinery and Dry Goods  Store  670 Broadway E. Open Evenings  W. BURNS  FIRST CLASS BOOT &  SHOE REPAIRING  Moderate  Prices.  Custom  work.  534 Broadway E.  PIKE'S  75c Tea  "Capital" Blend u used in Victoria.  818 BROADWAY E. (N������t Dairy)  Phone: Fair. 1367  FAIRMONT RENOVATORY  Fair. -172 753    B'way    E.  Ladies'   and  Men's  Suits   Sponged   and   Pressed  50c  Sponge    Cleaning,  and   Pressing   75c  French Dry   or   Steam Cleaning   and  Pressing    $1.50  Fairview Troop:  The boys of the Fairview Troop  are enjoying their Easter camp at Pt.  Grey this week. They will be too  busy to write to "Tads" for this  issue, but have promised a story of  their week's work when they return  home. Although the boys have missed their scoutmaster, Harry Smith,  who left Vancouver recently, they have  been very active and the troop has  not in the least fallen off. Much of  this enthusiasm is due to the kindly  scout interest of Patrol Leader Laid-  law.    West Burnaby's Camp  About twenty boys with their scoutmaster, Mr. Gillies, took a long tramp  on Easter Monday when they came  within half a mile of���������-. Port Mann. The  boys did not start as early as they  intended on account of the weather,  but spent a royal day in spite of the  difficulties. I like to hear of so  many boys not being afraid of the  weather, but I don't think anything  would   scare a scout.  Chiliiwack Troop  , Scoutmaster Andrews, of the Chil  liwack Troop of Boy Scouts, has some  \ery interesting times. There are 48  vboys in .his troop and at the last parade'.' 44 boys turned out, the other two  bVi'ng' unavoidably ' absent/ Many' of  fie f boyp come some fifteen miles . to  the meetings, which are held each  week, remaining over night with brother scouts.' Thier latest undertaking  is the formation of a Mounted Pat  rol. Many of the boys have horses of  their own, making this possible. Good  luck to the. ne\Y. patrol. The boys enjoyed their Easter camp last week  end and are looking forward to the  next one.   The Worker Bee  In my bee story last week I mentioned the worker bees, so I am going to tell you something about them.  The worker bees compose' the bulk of  the population. A good swarm ought  to contain at least 20,000, and some  have been known to contain three or  four times that many. The young  bees do the indoor work while the  older bees do the outdoor work. Have  any of "you* ever ~seen" bees'-eggs?  They are of a lengthened oval shape  with;a slight curvature and of a bluish white color. They lie at the bases of the cells for three or four days  and are then hatched, the bottom of  each shell presenting a small white  worm. These worms are fed as they  need it with milky food which is of  a whitish transparent nature. In three  or four days s it stretches out to the  full length of the cell and the food is  then changed to semi-digested honey  and pollen. The outside skin of the  larvae does not expand and with the  growth of the grub, so it discards it.  This falls to the bottom of the cell.  The cell is now cupped over not with  pure wax but with a mixture of bee  bread and wax and appears to be full  of small holes to give air to the insect. Then the larva begins to spin  a cocoon over the mouth of the cell  which takes about 30 hours. After  three days it changes from the larva  to the full developed insect. The worker bee-takes its first trip out when  about eight days old. Next week I  will tell you something of how long a  bee   lives,  Dawson Troop  Scout Geo. Tupper and Scout Steed,  of the Dawson Troop, spent a pleasant  week end as the guests of the Grand-  view Troop at their camp at the foot  of Grouse Mountain. "Tads" would  like to hear more frequently from  these boys.  14th Troop  Acting Scoutmaster Hoy Brown has  been making excellent use of his holidays   and has   been enjoying   a motor  General  A great many of the various  troops are enjoying their camps this  for the column next week when the  week. More news will be in store  boys return and send me stories of  their adventures. The Fairview Troop  and the 14th Troop are spending several days at Point Grey. We have  been 'promised a story from each of  these busy troops.  The Folk of the Wild  There is one way to   make   friends  with  the folk of  the wild,  and  that  is by gentleness,  kindness and quietness.   Also   one   must   learn   to     be  fearless.      It   is     said,   boys, '  that  while  the  animals  do  not understand  our   language  tbey    know    and,   feel  our    attitude  towards    them.   If    we  have a fear  or  dislike we  will have  very little   chance   of  knowing .them.  By   quiet   watchfulness,   keenness of'  sight and   hearing   a certain   amount  of  knowledge   of  their  ways   can be  obtained.   Try this   attitude   towards  your  chickens  at home when you are  feeding   them    in the   morning,    and  I  think' you   will    soon   agree   with,  me   that   it   is  more   pleasure    than  trouble   performing   this    little    task.  I.  have   tried it   and   I   know   that  my-chickens   can  tell  just   when   I  am coming   and  will   eat   out   of my  hands.      Make   the   birds   and   other  creatures understand that you-will not  interfere    with   or   harm    them    and  they will   go   about   their  own   affairs  unafraid in  your presence.   Then  you;  will  be   able   to   watch  their   habits  of   living and  their   frank   portrayal  of   character.       As   a   guest in   the  wild   conducting  yourself   as a   guest  should you   will   be   well treated   by  your   wild hosts.  Ii  Experiment  With New  Chick Feels  Scout Dots  In Huron, a hewer, Hugh Hughes,  Hewed yew trees   of unusual hues,  Hugh Hughes used blue yews,  To   build   sheds   for  his ewes,  So his ewes a blue hued yew shed u���������e  Next week we will have another.  NOW WHEN  ZEPPELINS COME"  Scout Helpers  Two Scouts wearing red scarves have  been working faithfully at the Central Beeruiting Station lduring the  week helping to clean up the grounds  and being of general service to the  men in charge. "Tads" does not  know who the boys are, but has noticed the splendid work they have  accomplished.  Someone has resurrected a venerably story which I have heard six or  eight times as "perfectly true." On  the occasion of the first Zeppelin raid  a London householder, whose family  tumbled out in great excitement and  in dishabile to see the mid-air spectacle, was moved to address them at  some length. He said:  "There is no occasion for getting  all wrought up over this matter. We  should keep our heads. When a Zeppelin appears let us arise calmly,  dress carefully and watch the sight  in composure. I am sure we will all  feel better for such orderly procedure."  The members of the family all took  this lesson to heart, and when the  next Zeppelin arrived they arose and,  with the father's injunctions in mind,  dressed carefully and joined him at  the window, where he was viewing  with great interest the pyrotechnical  war in the heavens. When the zeppelin had passed and the sky was  again dark, the father turned and  said:  "I think you will all agree that it  was a much better sight when we  approached it calmly and with composure."  "We all agree," responded his  wife. "But I think you ought to go  and put on your trousers."���������By Victor   Murdoek   in   Collier's   Weekly.  DIAMOND CHIOS, FEED has bean  tried - for years and produces fln������  healthy. chicks.   Made   and sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone Fraser  175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  .   Phone:   Collingwood  153  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  Fairmont U40  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  THE FATAL LURE  O FTHE "WAR BRIDES"  (American   Exchange) '  Louis Jacoby, 58 years old,  who lived at. 4889 Prairie Ave.,  a retired dealer in textiles and  embroideries,   ended his life   in  a  room   in   the  Saratoga   Hotel by  taking   poison.���������Chicago   papers.  And thereby hangs a tale���������an old  tale but new with ever reacurring;  stock market  frenzy.  This unfortunate man, it is easy  to imagine, worked hard to get his  start in life���������worked long hours,  worked on -small wagbs^ "gained a  foothold, saved his money, applied  himself industriously, got into business for himself, struggled, prospered, and after ups and downs finally  found himself on Easy street���������fixed  for life.  Ketiring with a competency, ho  faced happily a life of case, his way  down into the Valley of the Shadow  softened by an adequate income, surrounded by family aud friends,  everything to make his rest after  labor happy, including the feeling  that it was his own, that he had  earned  and deserved  it.  And then, time hanging heavily  sometimes, he got to dropping into  the broker's offices. He . found a  strange, new interest in watching tho  fluctuations of the figures. The day  of the "war brides" came along, and  he saw one man make a "killing,"  and then another. It was "easy  money," and there was a vast interest and excitement about the  game.  And one day lie got into it himself. With stocks going up all the  time, it was ridiculously easy. He  bought and he won. It tasted good  and he tried again. Then he lost. To  get back what he had lost, he plunged deeper���������then deeper. * " * * It  all  went.  He wrote a letter to his son." By  the time you receive this, I will be  dead. * * * Take care of Flora  and be sure and save your money."  He took a room in a hotel, went to  it   and   ended it.  It's   a   great   game!  It's "war brides" now. A few-  years ago it was oil, or copper, or  railroads. It is now one thing, now  another. Always it is a great game!  Fascination in it excitement* in it;  hot pleasure in it when you win���������a  great game. But there's death in it,  and -woe and misery. It got Jacoby.  It has got others. It will get yet  others.  It will never get anybody who keeps  out   of it.  X  -    I1"' s  ''-> <*M  . <**-Va-*.1  X-������  .. t \  '      $%  fit n /-  i****-* '?���������?������  *��������� ,������vi  f)  ������X  ' 1  cl  '   4 "9|  ' JI ������1  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, April 28, 1916.  HOME  TABLE  RECIPES  It will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of, the  WESTERN GALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes tor seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods bf serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  PASTRY AND PUDDINGS  That pastry may be wholesome and appetizing, great care in the selection of ingredients  and in their manipulation is absolutely ^essential.  One fact must always be borne in mind���������that  inferior ingredients cannot be made into superior compounds���������though the finest ingredients  may be ruined by careless or unskillful handling.  Some suggestions of general application are  therefore  desirable.  Be careful to have all the materials cool, and  the butter and lard hard; use cold water (ice-  water if convenient) ; use a cool knife, and work  on a marbte slab if it can be had.  Put the ingredients together quickly, handling as little as possible; slow mixing and much  contact with the hands or fingers make tough  crust.      Always use well-sifted flour..  ���������   #   *  Pie Crust  Take one-half cupful of. lard, one-half cupful of butter, one quart of sifted flour, one cupful of cold water and a little salt. Rub the  butter and lard slightly into the flour; wet it  with the water, mixing it as little as possible.  This quantity will make two large or three small  pies. ���������.'."'".-'���������'���������  . #���������������������������  #   #      ���������*.  Puff Paste  Take one pound of sifted flour, on which  sprinkle a very little sugar; take the yolks of  one or two eggs, and beat into them a little ice-  water, and pour gently into the centre of the ���������  flour, and work into a firm paste, adding water  as is necessary; divide three-quarters of a pound  or a pound of firm, solid butter, as you prefer,  into three parts; roll out the paste, and spread  one part of the butter on half of the paste;  fold the other half over, and roll out again,  repeating the process until the butter is all  rolled in; then set the paste oh the ice for fifteen or twenty minutes, after which roll out  again three times, each time rolling it the opposite direction; then put on the ice again until  cold, when it is ready for use. Such paste will  keep several days in a refrigerator, but should  not be allowed to freeze.  . '-'..'..*' .'���������   #.'  Apfrle Pie X  Line a pie plate with paste, and fill it heaping full with tart apples^ sliced very thin. Sweet-  " en and spice to taste, mixing well into the apples. Put in plenty of butter, and moisten..'-well,  with cream. Bake until the apples are thoroughly done. Use no upper crust.  * ..'**���������* * ������������������.*..  Rhubard Pie  Remove the skin from the stalks; cut them in*���������  small pieces; pour boiling water over and let  stand for ten minutes; drain thoroughly; then  fill the pie-dish evenly full; put in plenty of  sugar, a little butter, and dredge a trifle of  flour evenly over the top; cover with a thin  crust, and bake the same as apple pie. Equal  quantities of apple and rhubard used in the  same manner make a very good pie.  Lemon Pie  Let two cupfuls bf water come to a boil; put  in two tablespoonfuls of corn-starch dissolved.  When it has boiled enough, take it from the  stove, add the juice and rind of two lemons,  two cupfuls of sugar, a piece of. butter^the size  of a walnut and the yolks of two eggs. Beat the  whites of these eggs with pulverized sugar, and  -putorrthe top-of the^pies whendone. "Tilt into"  the oven to brown.  Cream Pie  One pint of milk, scalded; two tablespoonfuls  of corn-starch, three tablespoonfuls of- sugar,  yolks of two eggs; Wet the starch with a little  cold milk; beat the eggs and sugar until light,  and stir the whole into the scalding milk. Flavor with lemon or vainlla, and set aside to  cool. Line a plate with pie-crust and bake; fill  it with the cream, and cover with frosting made  of the whites of the eggs, beaten dry, with two  tablespoonfuls   of   sugar.   Bake to   a   delicate  brown. *.  ��������� *   *  Strawberry Short-cake  Make a good biscuit crust, and roll out about  one-quarter of an inch thick, and cut into two  cakes the same size and shape; spread one over  lightly with melted butter, and lay the other  over it, and bake in a hot oven. When done,  they will fall apart. Butter them well as usual.  Mix the berries with plenty of sugar, and set  in a warm place until needed. Spread the berries and cakes in alternate layers, berries on the  top, and over all spread whipped cream or charlotte russe. The juice that has run from the  fruit can be sent to the jfcable in a tureen and  served with the cake as it is cut. . >.  *���������*'*���������*���������..  Hasty Pudding  Wet a heaping cupful of Indian-meal and a  half cupful of flour with a pint of milk; stir it  into a quart of boiling water. Boil hard for  half an hour, stirring from the bottom almost  constantly. Put in a teaspoonful of salt and a  tablespoonful of butter, and simmer ten minutes longer. Turn into a deep, uncovered dish,  and eat with sugar and cream, or sugar and butter with nutmeg.  ���������'' Sago Pudding  Two large spoonfuls of sago boiled in one  quart of water, the peel of one lemon, a little  nutmeg; when cold add four eggs-and a little  salt. Bake about one hour and a half. Serve  with sugar and cream.      ���������  ������������������.'.'���������;���������.   X'  Cocoanut Pudding  One cocoanut finely grated (use both, the  meat and milk), one quart pf milk, one cupful,  of sugar, five eggs, half a cupful of butter, a, little salt, and a teaspoonful of rose-water. Boil  the milk, and pour upon^the cocoanut, add the  eggs well beaten, andXthe other ingredients,  and bake in a deep dish, with or without an  undercrust.      . V  ���������.*���������.'������������������    ���������' :*rr:':  Orange pudding  Two oranges���������the juice of both and grated  peel, of ..'one ^ juice of one lemon; one half-pound  lady's-fingers���������stale and crumbled; two cupfuls  of milk; four eggs, one-half cupful sugar; one  tablespoonful corn-starch, wet with water;. one  tablespoonful- butter, melted. Soakv the crumbs  in the cold milk, whip up light, and add the  eggs and sugar, already beaten to a cream with  the batter. Next add the * corn-starch, and  when the mold is buttered and water boiling  hard, stir in the juice and peel of the fruit. Do  this quickly, and plunge the mold directly into  the hot water. Boil one hour; turn out and eat  with very sweet brandy sauce. *'.''.  # # X������  Cup  Custard  .  One, quart of milk, five eggs, teaspoonful of.  butter, sugar to taste.       Pour   into   buttered  cups, season  with ..Purkj*e?_s,^ mixed ^spices, ^and.^  ;bake7     This can be baked in a pudding-pan, if  preferred.  ADVANCING   PRICE  OF    SILVER  Canada, as the third" largest silver producing country in the yrorrd,  *s vitally interested in the advances  in the price of the white metal. As  a result of the increased price which  is now obtaining for silver, we may  expect to see our mining areas in  Northern Ontario still further developed and those -which have been  lying dormant for the past few years,  take on a new lease of life.  Already mining properties in : Gow-  ganda are being opened up, while  many neglected areas in Cobalt are.  now being worked. Mining companies  who stored their, silver during the  early days of the war, are now busy  extracting the white metal and taking the fullest possible advantage of  the enhanced values.  The United States is the world's  greatest producer of silver. In 1915  that country produced 76,371,000  ounces, or 4,700,000 ounces more than  in 1914. The 1915 output was valued at $38,185,000, or slightly over  $1,000,000 less than for the smaller  output of the preceding year. Mexico, the second largest producer, turned out 61,000,000 'ounces in 1915, or  nearly 3,500,000 less than in 1914. Canada produced 38,500,000 ounces, as  compared with 41,500,000 in 1914.  This country's production is' over  18 per cent, of the world's total,  but it -is believed that with special  efforts the percentage could be largely increased. The world's . entire output of silver in 1915 amounted to  211,000,000 ounces, campared with  213,900,000  in    1915.  The reason for the increased price  in white metal is caused directly, by  the war. All the belligerent nations,  as well as the neutrals, are anxious  to .board their gold. Paper money  is at a heavy discount, so that the  only other means of exchange is silver. Many of the warring countries  are now paying their soldiers in silver, but in addition, China and India,  always heavy buyers of silver, have  come into the market for almost unlimited quantities, with the result  that the price is higher at the present .time than it' has been for a number of years. The increase in the  price will prove of untold benefit to  mine   owners   in   Canada.  A-      The Kaiser's Soul  Here is an impression of the effects of gas-poisoning as portrayed  by Pierre Loti in The New York  Times, which, says the Central  News, has created a sensation in New  York.  "Tt is one of our hospitals on the  battle-line, improvised as well as  was possible on the morrow of one  of the most infernal of German  abominations; all these children of  France, who look as if they were at  the last gasp, were so terribty injured that it was impossible to  carry them furthre  away.  "Men, almost naked on their  beds, are covered with blisters or  smeared all over with tincture of  iodine. There' are others, all swollen, who look like indiarubber dolls;  children with nursing bottles! And  you long to weep, to weep for pity  and to  weep  for   wrath!  "For there is a man who spent  years in preparing all this for us,  and this man continues tovlive. He  lives, and, as remorse is without  doubt unknown to hia vulture soul,  he does not even sutfer, unless it be  from fury at having 'failed in his attempt.  '' On tlie" evening when this last  crime was committed 600 men who  had just taken up advance positions  were caught unawarfes. But, thank  God, they will save almost all of  them, and next time they will not  be caught, neither these men nor any  of our ������ soldiers. ���������'. *   .  "Our poor, asphyxiated soldiers,  how willingly I would have shown  them all, to their fathers, to their  sons, to their brothers, to raise to  paroxysm their holy indignation and  thirst for vengeance.  "Yes,   I would   show   them   every  where, and let their death rattle be  heard, even to the impassive neutrals, to convince of their folly or of  their crime so many obstinate pacifists, to spread broadcast the alarm  against the great barbarism which  has broken   forth   over   Europe!"  British Trade  The "suggestion has been made with  frequency, since the beginning of the  European war, that England is rer  sponsible for the trouble, because of  her purpose to dominate the trade of  the world. It is of no consequence to  those who make this assertion, especially in our own country, that the  balance of trade between the United  States and England is and long has  been in our favor. And that happens to be true, also, of the state of  trade between England and Germany.  The former's imports from Ge^rnany  in 1911 amounted in found numbers  to 65,000,000 pounds, while she sold  to Germany goods of the value of  57,000,000 pounds!  As if to prove that John Bull was  determined to beat the German in a  commercial sense, it was shown :at a  meeting of the British- Chambers of  Commerce two or three weeks ago  that 44 of the British consuls in  various parts of the world were Germans! One is at liberty to place two  interpretations upon this fact. Either  John Bull is the stupid fellow he has  often been charged with being, or  he is the original gentleman from Al-  truria.���������The   Rochester   Herald.  ���������  Both   Fully   Satisfied  Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, while  addressing a convention in Oklahoma  City ' recently, told this story, illustrating  a point   he  made:  "A northern gentleman was being  entertained by a southern colonel on  a fishing trip. It was his first visit  to the south, and the mosquitos were  so bothersome that he was unable  to sleep, while at the same time he  could hear his friend snoring audib-  ly. ,    ' _   ��������� .  "The next morning he approached  the old fellow who was doing the  cooking.,  " 'Jim,' he said, 'how is it the  colonel is able to sleep so soundly  with so   many  mosquitos around?"  " 'I'll tell you, boss,' the cook  replied, ' de fust part of de night de  kernel is too full to pay any 'ten-  shun to de skeeters, and de last part  of de night de skeeters is too full  to pay any 'tenshun to de kernel.')''  ENCOURAGE PROSPECTORS  TO DEVELOP CLAIMS  The mining legislation amendments  brought down by Hon. Lome A.  Campbell to enable prospectors to  lease expired crown granted mineral  claims should work out to the advantage of the country and of prospectors!;. ������������������,���������"������������������'���������.'��������� --������������������:���������' ,. ������������������,":'.'  It protects the prospector against  being overbid, as he may be under  the existing system of public tender,  for claims which have reverted to the  government for non-payment of taxes. It enables the prospector to secure a lease for two years at a cost  of $IS5 a year and by limiting the  number of claims in which any one  person may hold an interest to two  in /any mining division the act will  prevent any large interest from benefitting from provisions which are intended ��������� to be primarily for the advantage of the prospector and the  small  operator.  The provision that the lessee may  secure a crown grant on payment of  overdue taxes will permit title to be  secured at a small cost. That remitting payment of taxes during the  lease when a crown grant is applied  for if prospectors have carried on  work to the value of $200 per annum  is particularly well advised. It will  bring aboutljhe^_ actual__deyelopm_ent  of claims while Working no hardship  On the genuine prospector. ��������� Nelson  News.  SMASH THE MONOPOLIES OF GERMANY  Oswald���������My love for; you is like the  deep,   blue   sea.  Clarissa (for such was her name)���������  And I take it with the corresponding amount of   salt.  A certain clergyman tells the following tale, showing his wife's tact  and   lightning-like  wit:  One day he noticed a woman whom  lie much disliked coming up his front  steps. Taking refuge in his study,  he left his wife to entertain the visitor. Half an hour later he emerged  from his hiding place and listened  cautiously on the landing. Since  he heard nothing he called down to  his   wife:  "Has that terrible old bore gone?"  The ���������visitor, however, was still in  the parlor. But the minister's wife  proved equal to the  emergency.  "Yes, dear," she called back, "she  went long ago. Mrs. Parker is here  now!"  The Konische Zeitung says: "Germany possesses products to the value  of many thousands of millions which  the world cannot do without���������dyes,  chemicals, drugs, electrotechnical machinery and leather goods, besides  raw material.''.; Using this argument  to support the claim that Germany  will be economically invincible after  the war, it points to the path along  which the entente nations must travel  if they are to take/full advantage of  the weakening of its position which  Germany has- brought about by throwing the  world  into war.  The British Empire, France, Russia,  Italy and their allies must set themselves to the task of producing within their own borders those manufactured articles in which Germany in  the past has been supreme. Germany  has no monopoly of the technical  knowledge necessary to building up  the industries of making dyes, drugs,  electrical apparatus and leather goods.  Already the British Empire has made  progress along these lines. No reasonable government assistance should be  withheld to enable private enterprise  to develop these industries to the  stage, at least, where they will meet  the demand from British-sources. The  Empire must become self-supporting  to  the   greatest possible   extent.  A clubman seeing another man with  a fine umbrella raised over his head  during a .shower in Picadilly, and  thinking he was a friend, ran up to  him for a joke, and said: 'I will take  that umbrella,   please!"  The victim proved to be a stran-  ger,ger, but he immediately handed it  over,   saying:  "Oh, it's yours, is it?" and bolted.  IS  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than eveiy  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progre������ i. *>ub-  Ineffective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with yowr office .stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  X "X  Carswells, Printers, Ltd  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY  ���������v.. X.  'Friday, April 28, 1916. v  THE ASTERN CAJUL  .7  :5V  Polish Woman's View of Germans  [.After living for seven months  the   German lines in   Poland  id being forced in that time to  itertain in her home the Prus-  officers,     including     yon  lindentmrg    himself,     Madama  [.aura de Turcynowicz, the Marquise   de   Gozdowa,   is   back   in  Lmerica.  She  is  the  wife of   a   Polish  igrieultural scientist, who is now  perving as inspector of the Sanitary Service of one of the Rus-  Isian armies,! and as Such    might  [have had to  remain a practical  (prisoner to the end of the war;  but as   she    was    Miss    Laura  [Blackwell    before    she married,  [she   was able with   considerable  difficulty   to   get   permission   to  [leave the country.  At the ^outbreak of the war,  |'Mme.'-de Turczynowicz was living at Suwalki, winch is a town  of about 30,000 people, a little  to the northeast of the bulge  which Poland makes iii the western frontier of Russia. It. is a  great military centre with important barracks, and she liv  ed with "her husband and three  children, a little girl of 6 and  twin boys of 5, in a great rambling house  on its own  grounds  not far   from   the   outskirts.  -������������������'���������.���������  The Marquise's Palace  "They call it a palace; you  >would.think it a great barn of a  place," she said. "It had more  than forty rooms and about  twenty-six of them were habitable."  XThe imperial order against  drink was issued and the Marquise described., how the iin-  mense stocks of vodka were taken- out to a; hillside. A regular  ceremony 'took place, which she  attended in her automobile, and  as the casks -were stove in and  the fiery liquor ran, down the  hill the peasants knelt down and  lapped, and when they could  drink no more rolled in it.  At first Mme. de Turczynowicz traveled to several centres  organizing Red Cross societies,  and she accompanied her husband  on the  advance  into  Gal  icia. She-, saw how the Eussians  ���������and even the dreaded Cossacks  treated the conquered territory,  and she said:  "A great many things have  been said of what the Galicians  had to suffer, but I can assure  you from my own observation  that nothing the Russians did  was to be compared with what  we were to suffer later. For  one thing the Russian army had  nothing to drink but *te'a, and,  of course, the absence of intoxicants always reduces crime."  In February, 1915, word came  that Suwalki was safe and she  might return there. She went  and no sooner had she got  home than her children came  down with the dreaded typhus.  Almost immediately came more  bad news. The Russians were retreating and' Suwalki, must be  evacuated. _,  Reverts to Natural Man  " AIL the natural man comes  out," said the Marquise, "at such  a time. It is impossible to describe the confusion. Every one  is in a hurry and no one knows  what to do. So a lady carries off  an expensive ball dress and forgets a single change of I linen.  You ask for help from some man  you have thought kind and considerate^��������� and I dare say he really is���������but he just promises and  does not perform. Why, they assured us they would never leave  us, while they had their horses  harnessed  outside.  So the miserable swarm of  peasants fled away to the east  through mud and snow reaching  to their waists, and t Mme. de  Turczynowicz. was left in her  great house with three children,  sick unto death, and only a few  servants to aid them.  "One night," she went on, "I  heard a rioise. I looked into our  great salon, and found it packed  with Russian soldiers. They were  packed like sardines, and when  Tasked what they wanted,' they  kissed my hand and begged to  be allowed to take shelter from  the cold.   I told them the cook  HANBURY'S  Ror  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview X0764077.  Phones: North Van. 323 and X03.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Paintedc  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  would boil the samovar for  them, and next morning the  street outside was covered thick  with soldiers, lying in every  possible attitude.  "Murmur of Men in Distress"  "Then word came they were  to retreat on a certain line. In  a little while they were gone,  not a man was to be seen. Two  hours later- there came a murmur, the murmur of men in distress. It was the sa'me soldiers  flying back. The Germans had  cut them off, and back they rushed through the storm to try another route, horse and foot and  artillery all mixed together, With  just that murmur, the murmur  of men in distress.  When; they were gone again  the townspeople broke out:.  There were' not many of them  left, but they began to loot,  breaking into the houses and  shops and taking what they  wanted. Suddenly the first of  the "pickelhauber" appeared. He  came suddenly' around a corner  with.his rifle ready, looking for  a sniper. In a moment others  seemed to spring up from all directions, and we "Were .in' the  hands of the Germans. A* an officer rode in, a Jewess stepped  up to him and handed him a  bundle of papers. It was a description of ��������� the town and all that  was in it. She was a German  spy."  1 The German troops werje  Prussians and Bavarians, and  the Marquise did not seem to  know which- she disliked the  more.: She used to love Munich,  she said, and its, people, but  somehow they seemed to be an  altogether different people , in  wartime. Of her store of provis-,  ions she had given some to the  Prussians in retreat. Nearly all  the rest were taken by the invaders, and she does not know  what she would have done if she  had not secreted some 'in the  room where her'fevered children  were. *  "We had just one room,"jshe  said, ' ** and Prussian officers occupied all the rest of. the house.  They^began by looting it iand  packing up all the valuable antique furniture to send back to  Germany. There was my portrait  by a famous Polish artist. One  officer cutf it. out of the frame,  rolled it round a stick, and boxed up the frame, and then asked me whether I thought it  would travel safely. As for the  library, I cannot tell you how  they treated that, how they pulled pages out of the books, and  biefbuled" every thihgr^^^""^~~  A contribution of 200,000 rubles was levied on the town. Part  of it Mme. Tusczynowiez paid;  the rest was wrung from the  people. For the next six months  she was to act as the unwilling  hostess of the enemy. She was  dressed in her Red Cross uniform, and' she held her own by  her dignity  and reserve.  "They are sometimes very stupid, those Prussians," she said,  and it is wonderful how you can  keep them in their places."  For three of four days von  Hindenburg was one of her  "guests." She says: "He is just  like his portraits. You can see  for. yourself. He is absolutely  careles of the lives of his men.  He is like the Crown Prince.  He orders regiment after regiment forward and decides a po-  clock at night," she said. "I  had everything ready for him,  but before he would do anything he demanded tfiat I" pay  him 30 marks in gold. I protested that I had already paid nearly all I had to the contribution  for the town, but he would not do  .anything until I had found the  money for him.' Then he took my  little boy's finger and, without  giving him anything to aid him,  cut off the nail and deeply into  the flesh with a pair of surgical  scissors. He left it all raw and  bleeding. ''You're a nurse; you  can attend to it now,''"** he said,  and went off. x* *'  Mme. de- Truczynowicz said  this surgeon took away her maid'  audit was days before she could  find her. -  '  ''I cannot tell you all about  her," she said. "When., her fa-  ther saw her he was nearly beside himself with rage. Well,  he is gone now, too. They took  him off to dig treuches, and I  have never seen him since. I  protested to the Commandant,  and he said he could do nothing  about the v poor girl, as she belonged to the soldiers now. It is  all part of their system you  know. I did get the woman in  whose house it happened punished, but they would not punish  the doctor. He was 7an officer,  you see "Yes, I have heard of it  happening to women of good position. It would be better to  kill oneself at once.  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  A Brutal Doctor _  "I think, that doctor was the  worst of all the Germans with  whom I came in contact. He  was so brutal that he was not  ^permitted' to serve in the Germans' own hospital, biit was  made chief of the lazarette for  the Russian prisoners. The first  thing he did was to** demand a  larger morgue. You should have  heard the other officers laugh  over that, asthough it were a  fine joke. He ��������� * would soon empty  the hospital for them, they said.  " It" was in that hospital that  a Russian officer died because  another doctor, a. Herr Professor, refused to operate on his  leg until he received a 2Q0-mark  fee. He had no money, and the  other prisoners and sisters had  to sign a note for the,cash. But  it took time to get the signatures, and gangrene will not wait  for any body. The money was  raised, but it was too late, and  the   officer died.  "No food was provided for  the patients by the Germans and  they were left to the tender mercies ~of "the "townspeople, "them*^  selves nearly starving. For the  prisoners who could work the  only daily ration was a small  loaf of bread, which had to be  divided among six men'. Then after July 15 even this ration was  stopped, and instead the prisoners were supposed to get 10  pfennigs each a day. Even  when it was paid regularly, that  did riot go far with everything  so  terribly  clear."  Orgy  Over  Lusitania  News  Mme. de Turczynowicz spoke  of. the drinking among the German officers, and said piles of  bottles used to be carried from  her house each day. Champagne  and schnapps Avere their favorite  beverages, and the night the  news of the Lusitania was receiv  ed was a regular orgy. They  thought nothing of arousing her  away, and the second and third  lines about three, and the^ windows had to be kept open to prevent their being smashed by the  concussion. Night after night  she Avould sit in the darkness,  with her delirious children listening to the cannonade. Gas  and electricity, of course, there  were none, and hardly any candles or oil.  After the' children were a little better there came a day when  the Russians made an advance.  The Germans had everything  packed ready to retire and the  guns came nearer and nearer.  "Then they began to grow  fainter again," said Mme de  Turczynowicz. "It was awful. A Prussian officer came  into my room ,and said 'The  Russians are running.' 'They  are not running,' said one of my  little boys, and the officer was  furious. 'You ought to whip  him,' he cried, and he went  after him with his stick. I told  him that the little lad-���������he "was  only 5���������could hardly walk after  typhus, and I dared him lay his  hand on him- I ks������t the man  away, but that's the way they  were, most of them."  Worst Treatment in Germany  It was in Germany itself that  Mme. de Turczynowicz received  her worst fright. By her aloofness and unfailing courage' -she  had kept the Prussian officers  at arm's length and none had  dared to offer her insult. She  had yet to meet the German women.  "We had to change cars one  morning," she said, "and . the  officer in charge of us did not  give us even a seat to rest on.  One of my' little boys was so  weak I 'had to carry him in my  arms and the little girl sat on  the cold platform. We were in  a corner, and there were a number of German women of all  classes waiting for a train of  wounded. '  "We had been warned not to  speak English or Polish, but  tired, sick little children cannot  be careful. They cried to me in  English and in a minute the women were  around me.  The Marquise spoke of the  -bread riots in Berlin on September 12, the day before she  arrived. , They have been denied  officially, but she was told in  Berlin itself of how the women  clamored before the Palace and  were ridden down by the police,  and she remarked on the dead-  ness of the streets, the absence  of horses, and the small num-  b^r "of ^rs^s"waIking"lfbout7"as  compared with her memories of  former visits.  So at length she reached safety in Holland, but not without  the indignity of being stripped  at the frontier.  '' My, clothes,'' she said,'' were  thrown out to men and examined.  They ripped up the linings and  turned them inside out, and the  clothes came back in rage. We  were scarecrows as we got over  the border."  But her baggage did not come.  She wanted to wait for it as it  contained one very valuable  sable cloak and the little fur  coats of her children.  "They told us we could have  everything *iot contraband���������at-,  ter the war!" she concluded.  Cement for China  Take dissolved gum arabic  and stir in enough plaster of  Paris to make a soft paste. This  is almost colorless and acts ex-,  cellently as a cement for china.  Very delicate china or porcelain has the pieces tied carefully  in place with tape. It is then put  into a saucepan of. milk and the"  letter is very gradually brought  to the boiling point. Remove  the sauce-pan from the fire, but  leave the china in it for about  six minutes. Lift out carefully  and place on a shelf to dry.  PHONE SEYMOUR 9086  KEEP  Your papers and Valuables in  A PRIVATE BOX  In our Safety Vault  $2.50 PER ANNUM  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122  Hafetings St.  West  *���������*:  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &  GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle.  N. O. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  8YNOP8I8   OF   COAL   MOONCr  REGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of tbe Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be "eased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant. '  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated. - ���������   *  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal .  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the mer:  chantable.output _of_,the...mine^at���������the_-  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion   Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy  Minister  of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  sition must be taken regardless  of what it costs. He was courteous enough to me. He sat at  the head of the table, and I at  the coffee samoyer at the other  end, but while he was there all  the talk was about him, about  what he had done or what he  was going to do. He was supremely   egotistical."  One day one of Mme. de  Truczynowicz's little boys was in  a terrible condition. He needed  an operation on one of his fingers and she asked the eommand-  | ant  for  a surgeon.  "The surgeon  came  at   9   o'-  at 3 o'clock in the morning to  make them coffee, but she remembers one act of kindness to  her. The officers were drinking  champagne when she was present, and poured her out a glass.  She put it in a little, bottle, saying she would keep at as a stimulant for her children at their  critical' moments. One of the  Prussians then went off and got  her a bottle to take to her room  for this purpose.  All this time the Marquise was  living within sound of the guns.  The first line of the Germaii  trenches  was   only    five    miles  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������  << j*  ''VI i^Ti'.W.^^'^'i.t  i?*??**?^!8^  J__3_B WESTERN GALL  Y.M.C.A. DOES GOOD WORK  DURING THE WAR  m&  An account of the varied activr  ities of the Y.M.C.A. since the  declaration of war, and of the'  invaluable work it has done for  the troops at home and abroad  has been given by Mr. A. K.  Yapp, secretary of the British  National Council.  This work is of the four-fold  character for which the Association stands. ''We try," Mr.  Yapp said, "to provide a social  centre where the men can find  refreshment, play billiards and  other games and have musical  evenings. In the educational  work of the Association, classes,  lectures and libraries play a part,  and on the physical side we organize football and athletic  sports. Right through everything  is the religious objective. -We  seem, during the war, to have  solved the problem of carrying  on the religious work in a suffi  ciently definite way to be helpful to the men without wounding  the susceptibilities of any. Ro-  ! man Catholics and Protestants  use our huts equally with the  men of all denominations and no  denomination. The great thing  about our work is that there is  uplift and inspiration in it. It is  1 not a mere canteen that is provided; and nearly all our helpers are voluntary, who are assisting for the love of our cause.  With the Flag  "We are working today wherever the British flag flies. In order to carry on the work of the  army Y.M.C.A.'s, we have sent  out twenty men to India, including, some of the leading dons of  Oxford and Cambridge. We have  sent men to Rangoon. We have  started work in Mesopotamia.  Workers have been sent there  from India, and we are just sending out reinforcements from  home to develop that work.  The same thing is being done in  all the self-govrening colonies. In  Egypt we have twenty-seven  different centres." Mr. Yapp has  a splendid series of photographs  to illustrate this work, one showed the cheerful interior of a mat  hut? another illustrated the incidental work that is done in the  hospitals where patients are lying in bed listening to an interesting address, and a third showed thousands of men in Esbekia  gardens in Cairo, assembled together for one of the Y.M.C.A.  outdoor concerts.  "From Egypt," Mr. Yapp continued, "we have extended to  Malta, where we have nine centres, and others being opened.  The governor, Lord Methuen, has  given us rooms in his palace for  our headquarters,-and at his suggestion we have extended our  work to other camps and to Sicily. From Egypt also we have  extended to the Dardanelles. We  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU.  SHELLY'S WBAPPED BUTTER-NUT BBEAD  combines tbe food values which make strength  snd health. Made pure and clew, baked pure  and clean.  JWTTOR-NTJT 3HWBAP  is the best and least expensive food yoa ;ea������  serve daily on yonr table. Delivered fwsb, da-'  ily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at yonr store. Comes in sanitary waxed wrappers.  SbeJJy Bros. Me Ovens  ���������Bakers of the'popular 4X Bread.     Pair. 44.  r  AWWSTBQNG, MOWUSON & CO.  Public J^orla  Head Office, 810-15 ������oww Builctfng  ,     Be^pw 1836   ,���������������������������  VANCOUVER CANADA  Dominion Coal Co.  SOUTH WBW-IHGTON COAI.  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kind-Of Wood Phone: Fair. 1564  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  had a centre at Anzae. That, of  course, is gone now. We have a  place at Cape Helles and, of  course,  we are on the Islands.  Centres in France  "In France we have 129 centres. Not only are they in the  base camps, but we have also extended our work right up the  line; and many of. our places are  just behind the trenches. We  have recently received a..very  strong endorsement of this work  from Sir John French, who  wrote: 'It is the very greatest  pleasure to me to take this opportunity of testifying to the fine  work done by the Young Men's  Christian Association. The prob-,  lem of dealing with conditions,  at such a time, and under existing circumstances, at the rest  camps, bias always been a most  difficult1 one; but the erection of  huts by the Y.M.C.A. has made  this far easier. The extra, comfort thereby afforded to the men,  and the opportunities for reading and writing have been of incalculable, service, and I wish to  tender to your Association and  all. those who have assisted my i  most grateful thanks.' *        '  The Work at Home  "At home we are working  wherever there are camps. You  get an idea of the extent of this  work by glancing at the map. of  England and Wales." The large  map on the wall was dotted from  north to south, and from east to  west with between 700 and 800  centres.  "A> very big problem is presented," Mr. Yapp continued,  "by the various railway termini.  We have one of our places, ^ith  sleeping accommodation, at JEris^  ton, and another is at Waterloo.  We have already had to double  our accommodation thpre. -.We  have just opened a new place,at  King's Cross, on a site giveri to  us by the railway company,- yfe  are putting up another at P<a4-  dington. At Victoria we are aij8J;  opening two very big places,? o&e  right in the station, and the  other in Grosvenor  Gardens.  Some time ago the, king set  apart part of the Royal Hews -for  men to sleep in, under our auspices. Then we have taken an  old brewery in the Eorseferry-  road, and'" in the same neighborhood, at the request of the military authorities, we have just  fitted up the Industrial Museum.  This will accommodate thousands.  "In the naval centres the same  work is being done. At the urgent request of the naval authori-  ties-we^are-just about to openrft:  hut for the men employed at one  of the submarine bases. We are  also doing a great work amongst  the colonial troops."  Appeal for Huts  Turning to the activities still  to come, Mr. Yapp said, "We  shall continue to consolidate our  work. Our ambition is to be  wherever the men need us. One  of the biggest openings that lies  before us is in the industrial  communities Where men are  working on munitions for the  war. We have established a few  experimental centres for providing these men with recreation,  food and sleeping accommodation, and so great has been their  success that leading ���������-*. firms in  parts of the country are putting  up equipment for us free of cost  and are getting us to take charge  of the huts for them. Work of  this kind is being done on an  enormous scale in certain munition areas. Our work at the various camps we are strengthening  every day, and in order to ex  tend the work wherever it is  most urgently needed we are  making an appeal for one, hundred huts before the end of the  year. The cost of each hut varies  from $1,500 to .$4,000 the average cost being $2,500. Already  we have had many very generous donors, who have put up  huts, entirely at their own cost,  many being   memorials   of  sons  and other relatives killed in the  war. It is wonderful indeed how  the money has come in for our  work. Of course, a great deal is  neded, for it co3ts between  $2,500 and $3,000 a day to main-  what has already been done.  "We are also developing our  work in the hospitals and convalescent homes. Wherever a lad  enlists he will find a Y.M.C.A.  hut,- wherever he goes, whether  to the western or to the eastern  theatre of war, he will find it  there also; and if he is wounded he will find the Y.M.C.A. following him and helping him still  Our urgent need' today is for  mohey to carry on the work, and  for men to help. We are getting  a great deal of help from ladies  as  well  as men.X  Friday. April 28. 1916*1  MANY   CHANGES  IN EXHIBITION  At the Wednesday meeting of  the directors of the Vancouver  Exhibition several important  changes were decided upon in regard to the housing of exhibits.  The following recommendations  were made:  Manager's Report  Manager Rolston reported that  he had attended several meetings  of specialty associations and had  found a very keen interest evidenced this year towards a bigger and better fair than usual.  The advisability of adopting  their prize money basis was discussed with the Poultry Association andvits members were free  in their statements that they  would shitfw the best, and all  they had under any method adopted. The B. C. Beekeepers ** Association, he said, had undertaken - to secure ������ome excellent exhibits which; will in .themselves  be a feature of the exhibition.  "There has never been a better feeling towards the exhibition than at the present time. The  B. C. Manufacturers' Association is taking a keen interest aijd  Mr. Cunningham has promised us  a very elaborate progress exhibit of shells," said Mr. Rolston.  .Alter prim u*t  Many changes will he made' in  the prize list, according to the  report of the committee having  the work in hand. These changes  are set forth in the report, which  follows: r  "Classes A and B, horses, are  combined, throwing the horse  show in with the breeding classes. Class C, races, a new programme is arranging with an  idea of encouraging more local  eVentsX  ' The cattle classes are about the  same as formerly, except that the  prize money is made more even  in each; section, on xa. request  from the breeders' associations.  The age Rasing date has been  fixed at August 1. We have hot  heard yet from the ��������� Dairymen's Association as to their  prizes, in the dairy test classes,  but we are incorporating them,  as usual, ������in our schedule. In  sheep we are adding fleece wool  classes, and making a class for  milch goats, as a number of these  have been recently imported.  "The poultry classes will remain the same as last year. We  considered suggesting a change  for our present plan of paying  prizes to a percentage basis,  but felt the saving in money did  not justify it.  "The floriculture classes will  be subject to considerable alteration. A school children's class  is added for asters, stocks, dahlias, roses and sweet peas, also  classes for vegetables.  "We are arranging for competition for some of the best prizes  on Fridayr thus insuring a renewal exhibit of some of the best  flowers. James Brand & Company are offering $15 for a  bunch of sweet peas, mixed.  " The district fruit exhibit will  be a feature this year, the contribution towards staging these  will be '$100, as formerly.  QUIETLY, QUICKLY. SMOOTHLY. YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking or losing  valuable,furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE CAMPBELL MAKES  A BUSINESS TO MOVE GOODS THAT WAY. ���������*������**������  The big CAMPBELL "Car Vans" are heavily padded intfliC  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection.   Only skillfuf������  gent movers handle your goods.   AND the charge is surprising!  Phone 3eymour 7360 for full particulars. fcsJ_Sjr i  GMPBEU..SIORAC������<>.l*Ii|,  OLDEST AMD I ARfigST IN XY^TEffrT^AN^DA       ft'^  Thonc Seymour 7300 0rncLd57_BEATTY_5rRttT]  Office Pbone:   Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  * '   Office and Store Fixture Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Cases  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St Vancouver, B. O.  in Leckie Boots  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  feel at ease at once. The style is there, too, and  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C.���������name stamped  on each pair.  AT ALL DEALERS  "Class B, honey,' and aparian  products,'is greatly changed. The  new society recommends an elaborate list. They; have seeured  several special prizes, some of  which are by Mjessrs., Miller &  Coe, Hudson's ������ay Company,  William Renwe' & Company, G.  J. Spencer, Ritchie Bros., and  others. ' ,,      X  "The women's work and  household arts classes are being entirely rewritten. Many  lines are now out of date and  new ones installed. The Better  Baby contest will be revised considerably and will be in charge  of'the"Local Council of. Women  again this year.  X " ;VXFiindtow*e Cream  One ounce castile soap, one  ounce white wax, two ounces  beeswax, half pint turpentine,  half pint soft water. Melt the  white wax and castile soap in  the soft,- water, and the beeswax in the turpentine. When  nearly cold mix together.  Porto Rico has had the most  prosperous tourist season in its  history during the past few  months, more travelers having  visited the island last winter  than ever before. The war is  partly responsible, but better  steamship accommodation and  advertising have also had their  share. Efforts are being made  to erect an up-to-date modern  hotel at San Juan for the grow  ing tourist traffic. Already the  Insular Legislature has set aside  a tract of land for the purpose;  and appropriated $200,000 for  the purchase of bonds of a hotel  company in case the necessary  arangements can be made.;  *- Germany's - firww������ "���������Hw������wlwi^^i  ' > The chancellor can "always blame ther  allies* f oX continuipgr the -vwar as :l$$^  does for .beginning it.   tf they would  only  sue  for   peace how,' 'while Germany still has the profits of her super-preparedness   in     her    grasp,   all  would   be   well.   It   is   their 'Wicked,  obstinacy in refusing to consent to, be*  beaten, their, perversity in^ developing,  their resources jvwtas Germany's are  beginning Jko; fail?- Hurt'is foing to-  spoil the whole frar.BndJeiw- Is their  guilt! Wind is their, folly iii refusing  to Germany the reward of her"/ear*   |  of patient waiting. ,X-w#   "������**   X���������j]  How characteristic it m Tfce Ger-*  man mind.���������New * York S������n.  Stopped  First Soldier (in the trenches)���������I  was really. intended for the church.  In fact, I was on the point of being  ordained   last   August. ... ~*  Second Soldier���������What stopped you,  then?  First Ditto���������This damned war. ���������  Haven Register.  Tlie Immigration Menace " tXl  A colored man in Washington engaged in a brief job at a hotel was  expressing- himself' quite forcibly~to~  another negro with reference to the  expected increase in emigration from  Europ as a consequence of the great  war. "I's opposed," he said, "to all  dis mess of people comin' to dis country." "Well," said the other, "I  thinks dis country oughter be open  to anybody dat wants to improve dare  condition." "I doesn't agree with  you," said the first darky. "I dpesn't  like to see them foreigners comin"  in heah an' takin'   work   away  from  bur wives.' '���������Rochester  Times.  ���������    *   ���������    ���������  '   Little Sam���������Father    it tells in our  history about a louis. What is a louis,  anyway?   ,; - . \.,Xxv **>.v'j-������������������*���������'��������������������������� X... X  Fathers-it's one of them fellqws 15  a short coat that you give  orders to  in   a   German   coffee house. |l  *   ���������    *   ��������� **' i\  "My poor woman," said the settlement worker, "what can I do to  relieve your  distress?"  "Can you sing, ma'am?"  "Why���������er-^a  little."  "I  wish  you'd  sing  some   of  the  new   ragtime   songs, ma 'am.   Me   and ���������  me   husband   ain't been to a   cabaret  in two years."  ������������������'���������������'���������������������    ���������. X  Necessity is the mother of invention, and the hungry Frenchman mentioned in a biography recently published in England illustrates ; the old  adage anew.   ..,'  ^He,.was in'an English restaurant and  wanted eggs for breakfast, but had  forgotten the English word. So he got  around the difficulty in the following  way-' ..;''.���������  "Vaiterre, vat is dat valking in  the yard?" '"-.\)\  "A  booster,  sir."  "Ah! And vat you call de rooster's wife?"  "The  hen,  sir."  "And vat you call de children of  de rooster   and  his vife?"  "Chickens,   sir."  X^But vat you  call ;de   chicken   before   dey   are chicken?"  ..-".Eggs,   sir."  "Bring nie  twoX ; '   "


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