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The Western Call Mar 3, 1916

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Array /���������N.  v o a.  :^v:xx.  '"S^ative Assembly  552  553  3  0<a*S>  4     .���������     l.'t.'     .      ".  ��������� *     ^ 4   *.   ^*  ' _xxiv  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. K������aMr \  1        JrM.M_fat������"������������\  FontokU Director  T. J. Kearny I Ca.  At your Mcvie* day and  night.  Moderate charsna.  80S Bmdvaar WaH  Phon������: Mtr. 10M  <*,*������������������- xxx1?  '..s- - ,>'X:x  ff     wx? <���������   *������?]  ' - "'o^i  ~-4.C>V       *"  - ',?.���������,* x-���������d  -       '   .-        .<���������'       c'_   'i'l!  f     J-  ��������� r4  "'.   '-4,  /.  _ f A v V  -'[ 'A  >LUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,     FRIDAY.  MARCH 3, 1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 43.  BURNABY DISTRICT  The 4Becretaries of all Clubs  | and Associations (whether social, religions or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  s phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publieation.  The police estimates submitted by the new board of police  lommissioners, amounted to $12,-  LOO..- Notice was formally received cj the appointment of Couiv  [cDonald and Mr. C. Sprott to  |he license board and Councillbr  Coldicutt and~Mr. Mowat to the  )olice   board.  The Burnaby council has referred to the finance committee  (he question urged by Point Grey  louncil of interviewing the goy-  [rnment with a view to securing  In amendment to the Municipal  Clauses Act which would allow  [he municipalities to support the  Canadian Patriotic Fund by a  |ax. A tax of a quarter or half  mill for such a purpose is sug-  |;e-sted. The  municipal solicitor,  [r." W. G.* McQuarrie, declared  [hat under present legislation the  |ouncil would have no power to  lake a tax for.such a purpose.  Collectors are no w making the  bunds in Burnaby in their canv  Daign for funds for the Canadian  'atriotic  Society  and  energetic  efforts will be made to secure the  subscription of $4000 which   has  |been   suggested    as    Burnaby's  3hare of the province wide cam-  Ipaign. No less than $2700   was  ���������required from the Canadian Patriotic Fund last   month to -pay  Ithe allowance of the families of  Ithe Burnaby fighting men.    The  (municipality has contributed no-  Ibly in men and the national fund  lis of vast assistance in caring for  I their dependents.  Two photographic enlargements of Burnaby honor roll,  containing the names of 350 Burnaby men serving with the troops  was drawn for Tuesday night  and netted $19.20 for the Returned Soldiers' Fund. The  winning numbers were 250, held  by "Wild Irishman," East Burnaby, and 41, held by A. E.  Betchley, auctioneer, Granville  street, Vancouver. Mr. John Dun-  lop of the municipal engineering department, designed the honor roll and Mr. Jack Browne  compiled the names.  The concert in the Burnaby  public hall at Edmonds on Friday  evening last was generally described at the most successful  held there within the last season  at least. The program was varied, the vocalists all of high calibre, and the tableaux vivants  introduced colorful and dramatic touches, which made a stirring impression. The proceeds  were for the Gordon Presbyterian church and the St. John's  Voluntary Aid (Edmonds Circle)  The artists were: Mrs. Hether-  ington, Miss Jessie Drew, Mr.  John Graharn, Mr. W. M.- Mc-  Cloy, ^ Mr. /Al B. Cornish and  Mr. B. C. Hilliam. Fifteen of the  young people of the church gave  the tableaux under the direction  of Mrs. F. L. Macpherson.  Coquitlam council sent a suggestion to the Burnaby council  i that the council's plans for a tunnel under the North Road in lieu  of the permanent bridge be submitted to the Great Northern Ry.  Co. Reeve Fraser felt that the  proper place to* submit the tunnel plans was to the railway commission when the Canadian Northern appeared with their application before that body, .and  Coun. McDonald proposed, ahd  the motion was adopted, that  the municipal solicitor advise as  to the desirability of taking up  the tunnel proposition with the  company itself..  The whist drive under the aus  pices of the Burnaby Lodge No  218, Sons of England, at More-  ton Hall, on Tuesday night was  much enjoyed. The winners of  prizes were Mrs. A. I. Lewis,  Mrs. William Baker, Pioneer  Sgt. R. Ashworth and" Mr. R.  Moseley. Miss Ashworth and Hr,  H. J. Ayling took the consolation prizes. The proceeds will go  to a fund for the returned dis  abled soldiers who were mem  bers of the lodge. Nearly one  half of the members are on active  service and the list includes  Henryi Ashworth, _T_homas P._Ap  pleby, C. J. Bowden, J. C. Child,  Gerald Collins, H. A. Campbell,  W. H. Griffin, Leslie Hunter  (killed), Walter S. Rose, Henry  A. Rudd, Malcolm Sworder, B.  E. Tucker, Bertram Tubb, W. S.  Vivian, John R. Woollen and C.  Wilcox.  IBeventh. Organ Becital  St. Andrew 'a .church, Tuesday evening, was the occasion of a veritable  feast of music when the organist,  Mr. Wrigley, gave one of the finest  of a series of magnificent organ recitals which he has been rendering this  season, to the delight and uplift of  music-lovers in this city. Words cannot express the inestimable service  Mr. Wrigley has conferred upon the  public here, through the medium of  his recitals, both in directing the general trend of musical appreciativeness  towards higher ideals; and in extending their knowledge of the works of  the great masters of music. By his  own performances, and by his wonderful handling of a wonderful instrument, he has already made an indelible 'impression on the musical tastes  of his hearers. He has done more,'  even, he might be said to have transplanted/in this "new world of ours  the atmosphere and traditions of the  church music of the old world where  he* received his early impulses. To us  he is the embodiment of the famous  Lemare, of whom Mr. Wrigley was  erstwhile pupil and assistant organist  at St. Margaret'8.   '  The programme on Tuesday night  was of the kind which "vibrates in  the memory," its variety lending it  added   charm.   Bach's   "Prelude  and  Fuga in ������ Minor" was majestic in  its grandeur and solemnity and gained added prestige through- the rolling tones of the organ; Mendelssohn's  sweet and airy "Andante from Piano  Concerto" made a pleasing and striking'contrast to Bach's number; God-  ard'i "Berceuse" rang out in sweet  bell-like cadence*!, and sounded like  a flute-like prelude to Lemaigre's  fantastic "Capriccio"; Elgar's "Sur-  aum Gorda" was a scholarly performance. The audience was delighted  with Mr. Wrigley's rendering of Wol-  stenbolme'a tour de force, "The  Question and the Answer," which  brought into play all his masterly  executive skill and his' originality of  interpretation. The "Festival Prelude?' of Faulkes proved, essentially  a composition for pipe-organ production, in the delicacy of its tonal  shadings. Cyril Scott's "Vesperale,"  "Cavaleria Rusticana" and Meyerbeer/s "March of The Prophet" gave  fine ^finish to a programme of rare  musical delight.  In- the intervals of the recital, Mrs.  Robert Baird, of Victoria, sang, in  rich ' melodious voice, "Like As the  Hart," by Allitsen; "From the Land  df the Sky Blue Water," by Cadman,  and;"Three,"  by Florence  Aylward.  The greater public should not miss  these recitals, the next one of which  will be given  Tuesday, March 14.  PROHIBITION ACT TO BE  INTRODUCED NEXT SE^iON  / To a large deputation of the People's Prohibition Party  on Tuesday at Victoria. Premier bowser announced that an  act would be drafted immediately and introduced at the com-,  ing session of the legislature, being submitted at the forthcoming provincial ejection. The/act will incorporate the  best features of existing prohibitory legislation in .Alberta,  Manitoba, and elsewhere. It will oontain a section stating  that it will come into operation alter the people have approved of it and, if approved, will fcacome effective on, January 1  next. The majority vote of ithe electors will prevail and if a  voter when registering bis vote for Ws candidate does not  take sufficient interest to vote on the measure bis vote will  , not.vbe.coiisidired at j01; Jto ������w*r^1������ this proposal was the  vote to be taken on- the local option plebiscite, when all those  not voting on the local option ticket but voting for the candidates were counted in the grand total as against the  measure.  But in .addition to the xtew measure to be placed before!  the people Premier Bowser was emphatic in his declaration  that stringent amendments to the existing liquor Act will  be passed at the forthcoming session, especially in respect  to closing hours, etc. These amendments will be effective  during the duration of the war. If the new act is approved  by the electors, it will, on January 1 next, supersede the existing act and what amendments may be made thereto.  Mr. Jonathan .Rogers, who beaded the deputation, en-  tbusiasticaly thanked Premier Bowser for his statement.  Ulr. Gibson declared be was satisfed Premier Bowser  spoke with all sincerity, and confident that the promise made  would, be carried out to the letter.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  Beeve Winram has intimated  to,the council that he is not at  all satisfied with the amount of  reduction that has been made in  the municipal staff and has declared there are several men, at  any rate three, whom he feels  can be dispensed with without  damaging the efficiency of the  hall. He will introdluce his proposals in detail at the next regular meeting of the council.  Dr. Robert Telford will be the  principal speaker at a meeting  of the Social Service Council to  be held in the Robson Memorial  Church, Cedar Cottage, this Friday evening at 8 o'clock. His  subject will be "The Present  Standing of the Prohibition  Question." After the public meeting ..the council will hold a business meeting for the election of  officers for the ensuing year.  The continued interest whieh  has been maintained in the joint  evangelistic services which have  been held in the municipality during the past few weeks decided  the organizers to make arrangements for continuing the, mission  this week. The meetings were  held in the River Avenue Methodist and Presbyterian churches.  Rev. J. S. Henderson was the  speaker.  1 !*<   1'\  \f -*;X.l  '   *V        *Y  -i X ^  , ��������� x .sr  . j. -/������������������������*>-1  4 ���������'(���������}  X y '"'  *&\  Mr. Robt. R. Penny, of West  Burnaby has received from the  Adjutant-General0 a telegram intimating the death of his son  Herbert Scott Penny, killed in  action on Feb. 17 in Flanders.  The late Private Penny was a  Western boy, born in Calgary 20  years ago. His early boyhood was  spent in Pincher Creek, Alta.,  and he afterwards removed with  his parents to Vancouver. He attended the Dawson School for  five years, and was one of the  \ pioneers of the Boy Scout movement, and an active member of  the 72nd Cadets of this city. During his short career in private  life he was a surveyor and engineer and gave abundant evidence to his principals of an unsalable appetite for hard work  and new problems to solve.  On Monday night tbe Burnaby council accepted a price of  95.677 net for the entire million-  dollar issue of 6 per cent. 20-  year serial bonds, tbe payments  to be made in accordance with  the terms of the advertisement  calling for the tenders, and delivery to be made" either in the  city of Toronto or in New York.  The successful bidders for the  issue were Wood, Gundy & Co.,  of Toronto, the offer coming  through Mr. E. A. Earle, manager of. the Vancouver firm of  Ceperley, Rounsefel & Co. Offers  of 94.25 and 92.5 were also received and considered, from the  R. CV Matthews Co. and McNeill  & Young respectively. The latter  firm bid for only ������300.000 of the  issue with the proviso that, a 30-  day option on the balance be  given. The three bids as above  were the only ones considered,  because the other offers,1 simply  telegraphed to the board, were  not.accompanied by the certified  cheque for $10,000 as set forth in  the advertisement.  Hoping to secure a fiat rate for  the telephone in Greater Vancouver a committee consisting of  Reeve Winram and Councillors  Rowling and James' will interview the B. C. Telephone Company at an early date.  The council has passed a resolution suspending the pipe-making operations until further notice. This resolution was the subject of a long discusion in the  committee room and it is understood was drafted because the  council fears there will not be  sufficient sewer money left to  bury the pipe already made.  "Ship Me Somewhere East of Suez":  is the latest German war song.���������Pittsburg Dispatch.  Mr. Herbert Lester. F.R.G.S.,  delivered an interesting lecture  in St. David's Presbyterian  church last night, under the auspices of the South Vancouver  Auxiliary Of the Red Cross Society, on the subject, "Life in  the Trenches." The lecture was  illustrated by excellent views  and a first-class musical program was rendered. The proceeds will be devoted to the material fund "of the society.  place among other artistic decorations which have recently been  added to the library.  Although   the    epidemic    of  measles has now almost vanished,  the health department is still being kept busy with the large  number of cases of whopping  cough which have been breaking  out all over the municipality. Dr.  Turnbull, the medical health officer, wishes it understood that it  is necessary for all cases to be  reported to the health office at  the municipal hall immediately  they are discovered.  Ward Et. ratepayers'  association on Wednesday evening elected the following officebearers for  the ensuing"year: President, Mr.  F.   Harris,;   vice-president,     B.  Bennett; secretary, Jfohn Moody.  Coun. Russell gave an address on  sewerage; matters  and explained  the council's two proposals   for  charging - for the sewers-^-by  a  rental tax or by a frontage basis. The  speaker explained    the  two schemes in detail but could  hot' announce ~ which would  be  adopted by the council .  The home of Mr. lade, 1930  Thirty-ninth avenue east, was totally destroyed by fire on Monday afternoon. Mr. Eade and his '  wife were out shopping, their,  little daughter being the only one  in the house at ithe time,' and  there wag considerable delay in  sending in the alarm, and when  the fire department reached the  scene the house was practically  in ruins. Mr. Eade, who is only  the tenantof the house, has been  out of work for some, time, and  the destruction of all'bis furniture leaves him practical^ destitute. The case was at on^ placed in the hands of Relief Officer  Plemihg,. who will see that the V  unfortunate' family is looked after. The, fire was caused by an  overheated stove. X    -  a"  A-"  Three more members  of  the  municipal staff have concluded  their services and have enlisted  for active overseas service. They  are Mr. A. E. Carr, cashier of  the tax collector's department,  and Constables McKenzie and  McRae. The former has joined  the 6th company Field Engineers,  and the constables the artillery.  W^ith the exception of his father  all Mr. Cary's maije relatives  have enlisted and his father, although 70 years of age, volun-  teeredfor active service, but was  rejected. He previously served 25  years in the British army.  As a mark of his appreciation  of the Collingwood Institute and  library which he visited recently, M. Marega, the sculptor,  whose work is well, known in  Vancouver, has presented the library with a fine medallion of  King Edward VII. The medal  will  be  hung in  a   conspicuous  By a vote which was just 15  votes under the necessary three-  fifths majority required, the bylaw to authorize the withdrawal  of certain debenture funds from  the purposes for which they were  intended and to apply them on  the payment of debenture interest, which falls due in April,'was  defeated on Monday. There was  practically no interest taken in  the question by the electors, and  the vote was one of the smallest  which has been polled in the  municipality on any occasion for  some years. The details of. the  vote are as follows: Carleton  hall, 55 for, 19 against; Selkirk  school, 48 for, 51 against; Laura  Secord school, 11 for, 7 against;  Main Street and Twenty-fifth  avenue, 93 for, 65 against; Municipal Hall, 138 for, 112 against  Total, 345 for, 254 against.  Queen Mary Review No. 82,  Women's Benefit Association of  the Macabees, held their regular  meeting on Wednesday night at  the Oddfellows' Hall, 30th and  Main streets, with Mrs. Layley  in the chair. Two new members  were accepted and there Avere  many visitors from the other reviews. Mrs. Tomasson, Mrs. Kalenberg, Mrs. Boyce and Mrs. McCullough were selected to represent the Queen Mary Review at  the Local Council of Women for  the year. The next meeting of  the review will be held at the  home of Mrs. Layley, 41st Ave.  west, on .March 15th.  Tfe������  Butb  Morton  Idemorial  church was the scene of a very  ptetty wedding- onXWednesdfcy  evening. March X,   when -Miss.  Florence Gertrude Dwyer, of So.  Vancouver, and Mr. Oswald Clifford Owen, of Mt. Pleasant, were  united  in  marriage  by Rev.^J.  Willard'Litch. Miss Lucille Dwyer, sister of the bride, was maid  of honor and was assisted by Miss  Greta Owen   Mr. Harvey Fraser  performed the duties of best man  with Mr. Henry Thomas and Mr.  Edward   Opsal   as   groomsmen.  Mrs. Stewart McWhinney played  the wedding march. At the close  of.   the   ceremony the   wedding  party accompanied    the    bridal  couple to their new home at the  Connaught- Apartments, - Eighth-,  and   Guelph   streets. The bride.,  was the recipient of many useful  and beautiful gifts, testifying to  the esteem in which she was held  in  the community.  'Vt  vf -   Vs'j  ?x  '" 45TJ  ''"*&_  **���������   **^L i  -, j.    am  y >y\  .4. ...'., a|  r'A  '>A-"i-M  ���������rh 'n.-x.  ' <   v- i Ai  -" , >: -f * *'  -- -fy;  X fr?-  * XX  In a letter to the municipal  council recently Superintendent  Murrin, of the British Columbia  Electric Railway, intimated that  his company intended to temporarily discontinue the Bodwell  road car service early this  month. To compensate foiTHhis  loss, however, the company, he  said, would put an additional  car on the Joyce Road and Victoria Road, and one extra special  during the rush hour. It was  also intended to increase the frequency of ears running out Main  street to 52nd avenue, and possibly that every Davie car dur-  I ing the rush hour will run  J through to 52nd avenue.  In a letter just raceived by  Mr. Buck of the engineer's staff,  Sergt Bert Richardson, formerly  a member of the staff also tells  of. the proposal to form a machine gun brigade, for which  officers are being specially trained at Shorncliffe. Sergt Richardson, who is one of those taking  the course, explains the details  of the work as follows:  "We are  learning  to set  our  guns by  maps,  magnetic    bearings    and    prismatic   compasses.  The military maps are all divided into squares,   with   all. .the '  contours of the land marked on  it;  even  small pig sties    being  shown. Suppose the  order  came  open fire in five minutes of 'B23-  C6585' we would take  the  map,  locate our gun and target positions,   and    get    the    magnetic  bearing from the gun to the target.      The  target may  be 1500  feet away, out of sight, or the  order may come in the middle of  the night, but by  means of our  maps, we can find out the highest  contour  we  have  to  shoot over  and what angle we wilLhttve'to'  set the  guu.   The  gunner could  then set   his gun   to   clear   the  height according to the bearings  and  angles."  ;ji_  .sua- THE WESTERN CALL  It is a very small, almost a negligible thing, when weighed  against the loyal attitude of the  French in Canada as a whole,  but there does exist in remote,  isolated sections of Quebec a  lack of interest in the war, perhaps a lack of willingness to serve  overseas. And the best way to  dispose of that fact and reduce  it to its proper position of relative unimportance is to admit  it at the outset, as did the Hon.  T. Chase Casgrain, Postmaster-  General in Sir Robert Borden's  cabinet, in an interview given to  a representative of a New York  newspaper the other day at Ottawa.  The facts of the case are certainly not to be had fairly either from those who would make  political capital out of the situation or from those who, through  prejudice, accuse the French of  disloyalty and cowardice. Both  this prejudice and political man-  oeuvering by some of the lesser  leaders of the Opposition Party  have been factors in the effort  to show that Canada is split in  the face of the war, on religious,  racial, and political issues, and  that no sense of devotion to England and no fear as to the outcome of the war can compose  those differences.  Qualified to Speak  As a minister of the crown,  Mr. Casgrain is qualified to  speak for all Canada; as a French  Canadian from the province of  Quebec he is specially qualified  to answer the charges of the  anti-French agitators, and as a  man who has five of his own kin  at the front he has a peculiar  right to urge the making of one  sacrifice or another which he believes to be the duty of every  Canadian.  Furthermore, the Postmaster  General has very definite, not to  say startling,,opinions as to what  would happen to all Canada, and  to Quebec in particular, should  the Germans win the war."  "I do not believe for a moment," he said, "that Germany  will win, but I will take no  chances. I am not a sensationalist, but let us assume that the  worst may happen, so that we  will go to the utmost limit to  prevent it. Germany is a country  of colonists with no colonies. If  she should win, what is to prevent Germany from making a  colony of Canada, a Prussianized  colony? Nothing. It is always  the unexpected that happens in  war, and Canada cannot afford  to take any chances.  Buy Vancouver Real  Estate at these Prices  =NEVER AGAIN=  SUCH SACRIFICES  *OTS  Fourth Avenue Carline���������33 feet near Trutcb St., formerly  held at $4,500, for $1,600, ;on terms.  Kitsilano���������Two 33 ft. lots, cleared, on llth Avenue, for  merly held at $1,200 each, for $350 each.  Strathcona Heights���������50 ft. lot, magnificent view, on 25th  Avenue, held at $2,200, for $750, on terms.  Burnaby���������Fine high lot, near 17th Avenue' and Laurel St.,  assessed  at  $300,  for  $90.00.  Point Grey���������33 ft. lot on the hill near 22nd and Dunbar  St., a great buy at  $350.  Fairview���������50 ft. lot on llth Ave., near Pine Street. Cost  owner $3,300.   Sell for $900.  Point Grey���������33 ft. on 18th Ave. near Highbury Street, on  top of the hill, for $300.  Point Grey���������70 by 122 ft. on 21st Ave., near Crown St.,  for $300.  South Vancouver���������A few Lota on 66th and 67tb Avenue  for .$70.00   each.  Burnaby���������122 by 122 ft., hear corner Biver Ave. and Gilley   Avenue on-the -hill* -fine view,-southern- exposure,-for -  $225.00. .  ACREAGE  Burnaby���������2.35 acres on Bumble Boad, on the sunny sou-  ���������  thern slope. Dirt cheap at $1,150. On terms.  Lulu Island���������1 acres at Garden City, cleared, richest  of  soil. Cost owner $320 per acre 8 years ago. Sell the 4  acres for $700.00.  Langley���������5 Acres near Milner Station, has all been under  cultivation.   Cost $300 per acre.   The whole for $650.  Gibson's Landing���������10  Acres on  the Government  Boad,  3  miles from  the  Landing.   Good  land.   Creek   running  through, all for $350.00.  Burnaby���������4.24 Acres, with long frontage on the B. C. E.  B. near  Jubilee  Station.   A   grand   property  with   a  great future, improved.   $35,000 was one time refused  for   this name   property.   Can   be   bought   today   for  $6,500.  Coquitlam���������20 Acres   of the   very -best   soil, 21-2   miles  north of Coquitlam City, half mile from school, light  clearing.   Owner paid over $500 per acre as a subdi  vision proposition.   Sell  today for  $100  per acre  on  terms.  Burnaby���������13-4 acres at Central Park, very cheap at $1,500.  HOUSES  Point Grey���������On Wilson Boad carline, neat little 3-room  cottage, on lot 33.7 by 298.9 feet deep, all .improved,  chicken house and runs. Formerly held at $3,300. Today  for  $1,350.  Fairview���������Quebec St., 5 room modern cottage, fireplace,  built in buffet, pannelled walls, etc., for $1,500 on  terms.  Kitsilano���������6-room modern house on lot 66 by 132 feet, with  fireplace, hardwood floors, furnace, bath and toilet separate, former value was  $6,000.   Sell  for $3,150.  Fairview���������8 rooms, hardwood floors, hot water heat, all  fully modern, lot 50 ft. by 120, on 12th Avenue, near  Granville St.    Owner paid $9,000. Sell for $6,000.  Fairview���������7 rooms, hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, -full 50 ft. lot, on 10th Ave., the best part, a  $9,000 home for $5,500, including a $3,400 7 1-2 per cent,  mortgage.  Fairview���������8   rooms   and   one   on   the   3rd floor, hot water  heat, garage, nice grounds, on llth Ave., near Yukon.  Street.   Formerly held at $10,000. Sell now for $6,000  on terms.  ALLAN BROS.  510 Pender St West Phone Sey. 2873  Real Estate, Insurance and Mining  Freest Country on Earth  "As we are now, Canada is  the freest, most popularly governed country in the world. But  we had to fight and wait a good  many years to get all this freedom and liberty and democracy,  and we would lose it all overnight with Germany as the victor in this war, and our struggles would not only begin over  again, but as a German colony  we would be set much further  back than we were at the outset of the effort to get the liberty England finally granted. For  Germany does not even know  what constitutional government  means.  "As for Quebec, that province  would become   another    Poland.  The French Canadians in Quebec  have increased numerically from  60,000 in 1760, when Great Britain took Canada from France, to  3,000,000   at   the   present time.  They have special rights granted to them by the treaty entered into by England nad France  at that time, rights pertaining to  the Catholic church and to their  civil laws. Their laws are based  on the Code  Napoleon.  Imagine  what  changes   would  come    to  Quebec  and all her institutions  and   traditions   under   Prussian  control. We must imagine  these  things and think of them at least  as possibilities, or, in our heedlessness,  they will become realities. We will lose   our  liberties,  not to  be  governed  once  more  from Downing Street, but from  Berlin, and not a vestige of   the  liberty , we now enjoy will   remain.  From Discussion to Action  In Canada preparedness has  gone beyond discussion to action, and the Dominion; from  coast to coast is participating till  the last man has sailed on a  troopship and until we have  reached the end of all our resources. This is Canada's war  as it is the war of England and  France and their allies. Jt is  Canada's war, because Canada is  civilized and her civilization is  in danger, as is that of the rest  of the world.  "And the French of Canada  realize that as much as anybody  else, and they, too, are participating and enlisting with the  loyalty of the rest and in full  proportion to their numerical  strength in the whole population.  Conveyed Wrong Opinion  "Unfortunately, much has been  said and written to convey a contrary opinion as to the French  Canadians.  " "It is true- that thererar^two  pegs upon which the anti-French  and the anti-recruiting agitators  can hang their greatly exaggerated statements with some degree of plausibility. One of.  these pegs is the bilingual issue  in the schools, which is now very  acute in Ontario. The other matter is the prejudice of the Catholics in Canada because of the  persecution of the church in that  country.  '' This religious prejudice is  strongest in the remote farming  districts of Quebec, and if it is  operative at all against active  sympathy in the cause of the Allies, it is so in such isolated regions where the French Canadians live far apart, where they  are very busy and very prosperous with their farms, and where  their contact with'- the outside  world is to some extent through  the, priests, many of whom were  actual victims of the anti-Catholic arts of Waldeck-Roussean and  Combes in France.  Hinder Teaching of French  "In Ontario," where there are  250,000 French Canadians, the  difficulty is with the act of the  provincial legislature in hindering the teaching of French in  some of the schools and actually  prohibiting it in others. Until  1912 the schools in the French  sections of Ontario were bilingual. But in* that year it was  enacted that thereafter in. all  schools then established   French  should be used exclusively only  for French children during the  first two years of. their schooling,  and that beyond that age the  language in all forms should be  English except for one hour a  day.  "Now, since 1912, many new  French Canadian settlements  have been established in the province of Ontario, and of course  they have their schools, but the  provincial authorities have ruled  that by the wording of an act  of 1912 no French whatever can  be taught in the schools opened  after that law went into effect.  A Drop in the Bucket  "And that is all there is to the  much talked of apathy and disloyalty of the French in Canada. f It is a drop in the bucket.  The big fact is that the French  Canadians, as a whole, are not  apathetic and not disloyal, and  all the evidence is on that side.  In the first contingent of  troops that we sent over to  England there were 33,000 men.  They were for the most part natives of England. Only 20 per  cent., or less than 7,000 men,  were Canadian born, and of those  7,000 there were 2,500 French.  There are two full regiments now  at the front, made up entirely of  French Canadians, and seven  more purely French regiments recruited from the militia districts  of Quebec are about to sail. But  that by no means tells the whole  story of the French Canadians'  loyalty. There is not a, regiment  in which there are not some of  them, and there are thousands of  soldiers with English names  whose mothers were French. X  Priests in French Army  "Another effective answer to  the charge that all Frencshi Canadians aire opposed.to -thei Allies  because of the expulsion of the  priests is in the iact that there  are 25,000 priests in the French  army today serving as chaplains  and in the hospital forces, and  many of them as fighting men.  And a great many of them are  priests who had been expelled  and settled in Quebec, and who  have now returned to fight as  members of the Canadian regiments... ���������:  "So in view of all the facts the  French Canadians are surely included when we say that Canada is in this war to stay to the  end, and that there are thousands  of recruits waiting to follow the  thousands who have gone."  Friday, March 3, 193  I  HOUSES  WANTED!  We are having numerous inquiries for six and seven room houses, \  both furnished and unfurnished, in all parts of the city.   List your  vacant house with us and we will endeavor to secure a tenant.  RENTAL   DEPARTMENT  North West Trust Company, Limited  509  BICHABDS  STBEET.  PHONE, SEY. 7467  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  1  ANNUAL ft&PO&T OF  FH������5 W&AMMMV  The thirtieth annual report of  the chief of the fire -department  of Vancouver has just come to  hand. It shows that the fire  loss for the' city during 1915 was  slightly lower than for the three  preceding years, although the department responded to some thirty more calls than in any previous  year.  A reduction of some thirty-  three members was made during  the past year, taking effect between May 1 and July 31 at the  request of the special finance  committee of the city council.  Since the war began, all vacancies on the staff have been filled  where possible by young married  men.  -The total fire loss for 1915 is  $68,643 less than that for 1914.  The combined losses on the SS.  Monteagle and the . Percival  Building were over two-thirds of  the total loss for. the year. The  fires for the year are classified as  follows: Fires where damage occurred, 224; false alarms, 52;  chimney fires, 94; smoke scares,  17; exhibition runs, 2; fires where  no damage occurred, 263; and  fires outside the city limits, 20.  Since the outbreak of war, 36  members of the force have joined the colors. Two of this number have been killed, P. B. May,  of No. 5 Hall on May 2, 1915,  at. Langemarck, and W. D. Reid,  of. No. 6 Hall while on the way  to Montreal.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. limited  I-NVESTMEOTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent, to 7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building  543 HMttngs St. West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL  VANCOUVER, BCi  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUQQIES, WAOONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are thelargest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. G,  WHOWJSAW3 ANP &J2TAJJX  9n  -What would you  who   agrees   with  J$a  Mrs. Yeast  call   a   man  everybody?  Mr. Yeast���������A fool.  And suppose it was a woman?  It isn't possible that any wo  man would:  The Jtetort Discourteous  Judge���������You are charged- with  contempt of court. Can you give  any reason why sentence should  not be passed upon you?  Prisoner���������Yes, your honor. The  charge is false. This court is utterly beneath my contempt.  Their Imperfect Tongue  Prior to the war nobody had  any idea that the German vocabulary was so deficient. Now by  Ambassador- von Bernstorf's assertion that "there is no such  word in the German language,  "disavow" is added to the list  led by "treaty," "honor" and  "humanity." There is no room  for these alongside of "Kul-  tur," it appears. It still remains  to be seen whether there is room  there for "fail."���������New York Sun.  Easily First  Teacher was impressing upon  the class the importance of accurate observation. To illustrate she  said, "Now each of you look  airbund this room and tell me  what is the most interesting object to you and why.  Tommy Jones was the first to  raise his ahnd. '  Yes, Thomas, what is the most  interesting object you have observed?  Your desk, please, Miss.  Why?  Billy Baker put a snake in it.  Of Course  '' What is meant by the greaj  German offensive?"  "liimburger cheese."  Where They Agreed  Mrs. Henpeck���������You don't re-j  alize how much I loved my first  kusbandx��������� ^^^^^^ f^  Henpeck ��������� I'm not unsyrapa-j  thetic. I regret his death more  than you do.  Altered His Case  "Why, what m the world has j  become of your watch ? The one j  you use to have had a hand-l  some gold case."  "I knew it did, but ciccum-1  stances alter cases."  Without Ceasing  Crawford ��������� Keep your wife  supplied with a box of candy]  and perhaps she won't nag you.j  Crabshaw ��������� Candy wouldn't]  stop her. That woman can keep]  on talking with her mouth full of]  hairpins.  A Youthful Hun  As a reward for good conduct,  Johnny's mother had taken him  to the Zoological' Gardens and  just before starting Johnny and  his aunt Mary had a decided difference of opinion as to what did  and what did not constitute a  clean neck. The walk around the  menagerie was a journey of  sheer delight to the strange am-  man with long, lithe body.  "What's that, mummy?" he asked. '' That's an ant-eater, dear,"  said the mother. Johnny stood  contemplating the creature for  some minutes in silence. Then he  said, quietly: " Can ,'t we bring  Aunt Mary here some day, mummy?" XXX 'iiXX^?  y  '       i*'   V v      .  >.*���������..���������_  [Friday, March 3,1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  3  New Treatment For Diabetes  [Radical and revolutionary is  le method of treatment of dia-  ktes under the so-called Allen  Ian, which recently has engaged  le attention of noted investiga-  jrs and experimenters.  [There have been students of  tabetic conditions who have tried  faking patients starve to some  ctent, but never was the dis-  ise before combated by long  fiitial fasts and the reduction of  le weight of the body by a fifth.  I'he commonly accepted treat-  lent for diabetes consisted in  seeping the patient with as much  lesh on his bones as possible, in  |iaving him rest, and above all in  ceeping him aloof from alco-  The new regime even per-  litg a little whisky for the sake  )f the general tone. Wherever the  >ld method had castiron rules,  jthe new one openly flaunts them.  Fasting Recommended  In all cases of these recent experiments there was an initial  of eight to ten days. Tea,  [coffee, water, or a small quantity  |of. fruit were allowed. The result  nearly all cases was sugar  freedom. Many of the patients, if  their strength permitted, were  sncouraged to run up and down  stairs and to take brisk walks in  jrder to reduce their weight.  Contrary  to   all ordinary  ex  pectations, even patients who at  the start were weak and emaciated bore the fasting well. They  gave the impression, thin as they  were from the first, that they  had been suffering more from  auto-intoxication than from lack  of nutrition.  Eliminating Add and Sugar  The balance of nature being  restored in a measure by the first  fast, the reduction was continued  and a diet substituted which  kept down the sugar and the acid.  When the symptoms of sugar excess appeared, a day or so of  strict fasting again made the pa  tients sugarfree.  This new treatment will be a  Special boon to those who, as if  by one stroke, are relieved from  medicines, sham treatments and  gluten bread.  Important Tables  When patients have returned  to something like a normal diet  they are permitted to have meats,  fish, broths, gelatin and eggs.  They may, under restriction,  have butter and olive, oil. When  they note any return of their  symptoms, however, they must  again resort to heroic measures.  Dr. Joslin, who has made important investigations in nutrition at  the Carnegie institute, presents  some   important   tables showing  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE Of TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG? ROM PAY  TO PAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  PECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MEN ACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH-AN OFFENCE  TOYOURFRiENPS ? ���������  Jf the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant pricet charged hy other dentittt Jim  hitherto prevented yon having your teeth attended to, liften to my meafage-  D.BNTISTRY AS I PRACTICE IT  XS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's  Pioneer  Dentist  Dawson Block  Cor. Hastings and Main Sts.  Phone Seymour 1.566  Vancouver'b  Painless  Dentist  the amount of carbohydrates in  various foods.  Those which contain 5 per cent,  are: Lettuce, spinach, sauerkrout,  string beans, celery, cucumbers,  Brussels sprouts, sorrel, endive,  dandelion, Swiss chard, cauliflower, tomatoes, rhubarb, egg  plant, leeks, watercress, radishes,  beet greens, cabbage, kohlrabi,  and vegetable marrow,  s Ten per cent.: Onions, squash,  carrots, okra, beets.  Fifteen per cent: Green peas,  artichokes, parsnips, canned.Lima  beans.  Twenty1 per cent: Potatoes,  shelled beans, baked beans, green  corn, boiled rice, and macaroni.  The percentage of. carbohydrates in fruits and nuts are calculated as follows:  Five per cent: Ripe olives,  grapefruit, butternuts and pig-  nolias. ,X  Ten per cent: Pineapple, watermelon, oranges, blackberries,  cranberries, gooseberries, peaches, Brazil nuts, walnuts, hickory  nuts, and pecans.  Fifteen per, cent: Apples, pears,  cherries, currants, raspberries,  huckleberries, almonds, English  walnuts, beechnuts, pistachio, and  pine nuts.. ..'  Twenty per cent: Plums, bananas and peanuts.  Forty per cent: Chestnuts.  Dr. Joslin speaks of the value  of a weekly fast day as������ a kind  of balance for patients who have  gained sugar freedom. He prescribes a diet including as little  bread as possible and having a  balance of carbonhydrates, protein and fat and even a little alcohol. In this last, another time-  honored tradition is violated.    .  HOUSEHOLDERS SHOULD  BEAUTIFY THE CITY  RARE OLD PLAY BILLS  TO BE EXHIBITED  At the regular Sunday night  meeting of the People's Forum  at the Labor Temple, Mrs. J. O.  Perry gave a most interesting  address on the aims and objects  of the City Beautiful Association  appealing to all classes of citizens to join in making Vancouver the city it should be from a  standpoint of esthetic beauty.  Mrs. Perry declared that it was  a disgrace to the city not to have  all buildings erected to conform  to a specified building line. At  tention was paid to attempts  made in past years by the authorities to cut down trees on certain  Streets and in referring to this  Mrs. Perry said all remembered  the strenuous stand taken by the  president of the association in op  osition to this vandalism. "You  remember how the civic Huns  went down to Burrard street and  in one hour cut.,down beautiful  trees which it had taken thirty  years to grow. The people of this  city will never forgive the council of that year for that," declared the speaker.  jThe inauguration of the home  garden competition and the  growing interest being manifest  ed were pointed put. In three  years the number of children en  tering the competition for juveniles increased from 85 in the  first year, to 600 in the third  year. Mrs. Perry appealed to  everyone.to make their homes a  beauty spot, and urged parents  to encourage their children to  take up the work. Miss Gutter-  idge presided.  The inauguration of two-number telephone ser-  vice between Vancouver and New Westminster is in  line with the policy of the B. C. Telephone Company  to give up-to-the-minute service.  The great majority of calls to the Royal City are  by people who want a certain number. They have  had to wait one, two, perhaps three minutes. Under  the new system they will not pay any more, but the  wait will be practically eliminated.  This means additional equipment and wider organization, but the company does this willingly, believing that the better the telephone service is between two points, the more mutual are the relations.  For ten cents you get your number in New Westminster in about half a minute. You may ask for a  particular party, and for five cents more the company  will hunt up the party and get him on the wire.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, limited  SELLING FLOWERS  FOR RETURNED SOLDIERS  By the kindness of Mrs. Barnard of Fern Ridge, British Col  umbia, a number of rare old  "Bills of the Play" will be shown  at the Shakespeare exhibition  which will be held at the Carnegie Library in April. These  old programmes are coarsely  printed on thin paper, for paper  was dear a hundred years ago,  and they were very different  from the elegant programmes  given today. One old bill is of  the performance given at the  Theatre Royal .Concert Garden,  on July 16, 1821. Shakespeare's  ''King Henry IV,'' was then presented with Mr. Macready as  Henry, Chas. Kemble as the  Prince of Wales, Mr. Fawcett as  Falstaffr^Mr.���������Blanchard as-Pis-  tol and Mrs. Davenport as Mrs.  Quickly. These are some of the  greatest names in theatrical history. Another bill is 'of-; an'.'earlier ..date,' September 15, 1820; a  Dniry Lane Bill announcing Mr.  Kcan as Shylock in "The Merchant of Venice," Mrs. West as  Portia and Mrs. Bland as Jessica.  In the first and second century  after his death Shakespeare was  not really appreciated. The real  growth in the appreciation of  Shakespeare has come in the last  hundred years, and has grown  more in the last fifty than the  previous fifty years. Yet when  Shakespeare wrote he was not  ahead of. his time, but his  thoughts were in tune with all  time. To use a common phrase, he  knew human nature as human  nature is, and always will be.  The best means of communicating thought is the language we  speak and the manner and spirit  of our acting. Shakespeare  was a master of both.  The study of the art of both  mediums of expression is the  study of Shakespeare. That's  why so many people the world  over will do their best to honor  Shakespeare this year, the 300th  anniversary of his death.  In every school, college, university, in every club throughout the land, the study of Shakespeare will be taken up with a  new interest���������a new enthusiasm.  Mr. Jones, the genial keeper of I  the Brockton Point lighthouse,  Stanley Park, has started his sale  of shrubs, flowers and trees in  aid of the Retired Soldiers' Club.  The, result of his Saturday morning's sale in front of the post  office was the sum of $15. Mr.  Jones found trade very good.  "I have lived through three or  four wars," said Mr. Jones,  ?'and I have found that the returned arid maimed soldier is  always soon forgotten. Even now  sOme in Vancouver seem to have  forgotten the men already back  from the front. Howeyer, I aim  to give $150 to the Returned Soldiers' Club from the sale of  these shrubs arid flowers and I  think I can easily do it."  In the cause of the men from  -JhCtrj^hi^iu^^  terested Mrl Jones is practically  giving away his beautiful garden  at Efrockton    Point,  comprising  thousands of shrubs and flowers.  As soon as the danger of frost is  past he will sell at the postoffice  hundreds of flowers   in   bloom,  some iri pots and some ready for  planting out, and will keep at his  self-imposed task until the sum  of $150 is made up.  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  Greece has made enormous  amounts of money from its merchant marine since the outbreak  of the European war. Freight  rates are so high that the proceeds of a single voyage sometimes exceed the value of the  ship making it.  Gold leaf is becoming so  scarce in Spain that the Barcelona union of gilders has appointed a commission to study the possibilities of establishing a local  plant for its manufacture: Most  of the gold leaf has come heretofore from England and Germany.  The government authorities of  India are taking steps to revive  the silk industry in that land,  which, formerly important, has  steadily declined of recent years.  An expert has been appointed to  study conditions in silk-producing countries and formulate recommendations. for the consideration  of the government.  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  HOUSE TO HOUSE CANVASS  FOR PATRIOTIC FUND  The organizations which are  undertaking the house to house  collections in connection with the  Patriotic Fund campaign, under  the direction of the Women's  Committee, are as follows: The  Imperial Order, Daughters0of the  Empire, with Mrs. R. C. Boyle  as convenor, and the regents of  each chapter as sub-convenors, as  follows: Coronation Chapter,  Mrs. H- C. Druramorid; Connaught Chapter, Mrs. John Williams ;^ Duff erin.,,^  Enthoven; Columbia Chapter,  Mrs. C. G. Pennock; Georgia  Chapter, Miss Tupper; Pauline  Johnson Chapter, Mrs. Mildmay;  Col. Leckie Chapter, Mrs. D. Gillies; Admiral Jellicoe Chapter,  Mrs. Duff Stuart; Strathearn  Chapter,' Mrs. Douglas Armour;  Valcartier Chapter, Mrs. R..D.  Rorison; Ruskin Chapter, Mrs.  F. Harper; Triple Entente Chapter, Mrs. Wilson Herald; Sir  Charles Tupper Chapter, Mrs. A.  D. Severs; Seaforth Chapter,  Mrs. Fowler; Malaspina Chapter, Mrs. William McQueen;  Lady French Chapter, Mrs. Edwards.  Several members of the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire have consented to report on  outlying sections.  Other organizations working in  this campaign are: Women's Patriotic Guild (convenor), Miss Ra-  chael Macfarland; King's Daughters, Mrs. Hector Macpherson ; Daughters of England, convenor, Mrs. Glazier; Y. W. C. A.^  convenor, Mrs. C J. Peter; University Women's Club, convenor,  Mrs. Latehy; Women's Auxiliary Vancouver General Hospital, convenor, Mrs. William Murray; Women's Musical Club,  convenor, Mrs. W. H. Leckie;  Victoria Order of Nurses, convenor, Mrs. W. F. Salsbury; Anti-Tuberculosis Society, convenor,  Mrs. F. E. Harrison; Women's  Volunteer     Reserve,     convenor,  Mrs. Jean Forster; Graduate  Nurses' Association, convenor,  Mrs. Johnson; Kitsilano Benevolent Guild, convenor, Mrs. Charles Macdonald; District W. C. T.  U., convenor, Mrs. J. A. Gillespie; Westminster Hall Women's  Auxiliary, convenor, Mrs. J. A.  Logan; St. Andrew's Women's  Guild, convenor, Mrs. Albert  White; Ladies of. the Pro-Cathedral, convenor, Mrs. J. A. Tee-  porten; Temple Immanuel, convenor, Mrs. S. Gintzburger; Wesley Ladies' Aid, convenor, Mrs.  Sterling; P. E- O. Sisterhood,  convenor, Mrs. Adams; Methodist  Women's Educational dub7 con-~  venor, Mrs. J. A. Harvey; First  Church Ladies' Aid, convenor,  Mrs. McNair; Kitsilano Methodist Ladies' Aid, convenor; Mrs.  Kerfoot; Mt. pleasant Presbyterian Guild, convenor, Mrs. Mason;  Sixth Avenue Methodist Ladies'  Aid, convenor, Mrs. Jones.  Collections will begin on  March 1 and will be made each  month between the first and  eighth days. All collectors will  wear a distinctive authorized  badge, and will be provided with  official collection books. Monthly  subscriptions are very desirable,  but all donations are acceptable.  Householders are expected to do  their part.  Two American aeroplanes have  been purchased by the Dutch Indian government for use in Java,  where they were successfully  tried out recently. China, too, is  developing interest in aviation.  The Chinese government contemplates opening? an aviation school  at Canton.  Liquidation of the business of  German firms in Hongkong has  proceeded under the direction of  the local British authorities with  less trouble than was anticipated.  Already the work of winding up  the affairs of these firms is about  three-quarters completed and it  is expected that it will be finished within the next.few months.  *t-j !,-< ���������%5  XX.  > 1.1  1     *-\1  V)_il  N.������4������|  1    *W  "I  "���������    'I THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 3, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY FRIDAY  By the -  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Tear in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  PROHIBITION  Prohibition is to get a fair  trial at the hands of the electorate. Premier Bowser's announcement left nothing to be  desired by the prohibitionists  who now have a clear field in  which to work. In a few days  the provisions of the bill will be  known and its merits will be discussed pro and con. There can  be little doubt that the principle  of prohibition is acceptable to a  large proportion of the electorate.  Its adoption will depend upon the  desirability of putting it in-fdrce  at the present. Also there is the  question of whether or not Dominion-wide prohibition would not  ' be more effective than provincial  prohibition. Mr. H. H. Stevens,  M. P.. has a resolution in flavor  of Dominion-wide prohibition before the Dominion Parliament,  and in a few days that resolution will be debated. The debate  /will indicate the chances of the  .* adoption of Dominion-wide prohibition in the near future, and  if the probabilities look good for  its adoption, many prohibitionists  in this province will doubtless be  '' in favor of postponing the enactment of. a provincial law.  ���������yAjy'A'ii'f'  vM*i  Wi  i"-f.  'XX''";*X'-'-  vstej  Viv  )*::  -tfdv-  ������,":  ;^0jV'^_>.'  J,-.'/������ii'  M  ZP?i  iii  iilP  fwrt-t-  m!  $  &J0  ���������ffii  "Tv^  'iQM$j$~k.  .kr;\  15 >'  my  'jh.'  y<  :*.  ���������gjSi*^*ii?  t'JX'  f-y^^yn'K  K  $SSX  ���������Or' '-:  THE ELECTION  Last Saturday's voting in Vancouver proyed that the people of  this city at least want to see an  opposition in Victoria. It was a  logical expression of a situation  which was created by the election of a practically unanimous  house to support the government.  g:VA government of angels could  f'wrt hope to survive ^'such kindness as that. Without an opposition a government is bound to  live in an atmosphere of suspicion  which holds distrust of every act  of the government whether it is  good or bad.  It is to be hoped that no matter which party succeeds to power  at the general elections, there  will be an effective opposition on  the other side of the house. However, it is not likely, that the  desire for an opposition will go  to the length of electing a Liberal government. That party has  riot yet been sufficiently purified  by adversity to be entrusted with  the government of the province.  CORRUPTION   IN   THE  PARTIES  The revelations in Regina  would indicate that no party has  a monopoly of crookedness any  more than any party has a monopoly of righteousness. A Conservative government in Manitoba became so corrupt that it  fell to pieces of its own rottenness and now a Liberal government in Saskatchewan would  appear,to be going in the same  direction. j  We have heard a great deal  about the "corrupt Conservative  machine in British Columbia, but  so far these very general accusations of corruption have not taken definite shape as charges. Until some charges are made' and  proven.--we may .safely assume  that while the government like  all others ,, in British Columbia,  has been extravagant there has  been no downright stealing such  as has been proven in Manitoba  and  indicated . in V Saskatchewan.  On J.he other hand, in Vancouver? direct and definite charges of misfeasance cheating and  thievery have been published  against certain leaders of. the  Liberal party and they remain  unanswered, although every opportunity lies open to them to  disprove them  if they can.  THE C. N. R. AND FALSE  CREEK  The Vancouver public has for  some time now been agitated regarding Sir William Mackenzie's attitude towards the False  Creek deal in which he fared  so handsomely at the hands of  the -city and made promises,  equally handsome, to the people,  as an expression of his appreciation of their generous; gift.  But people can't live on promises alone, and the time for the  fulfilment of same will soon be  past due. Sir William knows what  the people want, for their terms  were set forth clearly and in detail in the agreement which was  drawn up at the time that the  city turned over the land to his  company, and these were the  terms which he so solemnly stipulated to observe. But now that  the term of agreement is on the  eve of expiration, and there are  as yet no signs of the improvements being made on the False  Creek flats nor even of the first  stone being laid for the building of the promised station, the  public is naturally becoming uneasy. And Sir William thinks to  pour oil on the troubled waters  and still the growing apprehensions of the city with the simple  inqujfy, "What do the people  warit?"'  /However, that astute gentleman  will find the people here are not  'so easily hoodwinked and sidetracked. His reputation has  travelled ahead of him and the  party of. the other part are going  to insist on straight action and  immediate proof, of his good faith  or have a settlement .with him.  Neither the people in Vancouver  nor the government in Victoria  are in a mood to temporize with  him, or to handle him gently. If  it is true that he has enough  money in the bank for the complete carrying out of the work,  his only ehance for regaining the  favor of the Vancouver and British Columbia public is by having the work of "the building of  the station and the making of  improvements as well forward as  if is humanly possible now by  July of this year, the time at  which the station was to have  been fully completed.  the- electors of British Columbia  have reached the conclusion  that they have not been fairly  represented in a legislature where  every member but two were of  the same political stripe. The  surprising thing is that they  should have so long remained iii  doubt about it.  Some time during this .year the  Bowser government will have to  go to the people in a general  election. Another session of  the legislature will come -.first,  during which there will be an effort made to present a program  of policies that will spell success  at the polls. It is altogether unlikely that defeat will meet the  Bowser administration in a? general election, but from the results of the by-elections just held  it is certain that a healthy-sized  opposition will be found in the  next legislature, which is just as  it should be.���������Calgary Herald.  WHOLESALE FISH DEALERS  CELEBRATE AT  BANQUET  TRE HOUSE TO HOUSE  CANVASS  As a result of the January campaign for the patriotic fund, the  collectors met with a generous  response among the . men and  women of the business districts  of Vancouver.  The house to house canvass in  the residential portion of the city  has been assigned to the women who have been properly organized for this purpose. The  reason for leaving this canvass  till March the first was that it  was thought the people would be  in a more cheerful frame of mind  and- that more, of them would be  accessible after the snow had  disappeared than during the recent   cold snap.  It is hoped most of the subscribers will make their offering  a monthly one, but they will naturally choose their own time and  manner of paying. The money  will go to the comfortable support of tlie wives and families of  those who have volunteered and  left for active service in Europe.  It is a most worthy object and  deserving of every support from  the citizens of Vancouver.  It would be interesting to  know what impressed Sweden,  the murdering of babies or the  use of poison gas.  ��������� ������   ���������  Ambassador von Bernstoff may  soon have to leave Washington,  owing to . circumstances Xover  which he has no control. It looks  like his move.  ��������� *   ���������  Sweden seems to be taking off  the mask. It is safer to know-  enemies than  to  merely  suspect  them.  ��������� #    ���������  It has been announced that too  much gold is the cause ; of the  high cost. of living, yet a whole  lot of us feel that if we could  get hold of some of that "gold  we could Teduce our -own cost  of living very materially.  ���������������������������������������������'��������� ������ ������������������.*  Over 1200 Canadian soldiers  have arrived home from ,the  trenches. This shows that war  service does not necessarily mean  certain death as so many people  haye imagined in the present  crisis.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Nobody who knows Australia  will believe that even their large  casualty list in the Dardanelles  will unsteady them. Is is rather  a matter of sombre pride; and  no thought remains that they  acted unwisely or did more than  their duty to the mother country. They realize that the war is  their war, and if Australian  troops were to lead the way into  the historical city of Constantinople, the gratification of Australia would be deep.  MONTHLY  WEATHER  REPORT  B.C. POLITICS  Results of by-elections in Vancouver and Rossland, where two  ministers of "the new .Bowser  government were appealing for  return to office in cabinet, positions are quite satisfactory as  The Herald views the situation  in the coast province.    -  In Vancouver city the government candidate was snowed under by an enormous majorify,  and in Rossland Mr. Bowser's  man won by the narrowest sort  of squeak. These by-election results,  we  take  it,  indicate that  The following are the meteorological records for the month of  February as compiled by Mr. T.  S. H. Shearirian, Dominion meteorologist here: Highest temperature, 55.9 on Feb. 26; lowest  temperature, 20.9 oh Feb. 1; average temperature for tlie month,  37.3; rain 3.75 inches; snow, 36.50  inches; total precipitation, 7.40  inches; bright sunshine, 84 hours  and 48 minutes; mean relative  humidity, 39; wind, total miles,  2546; greatest velocity, 25 miles  from west in one hour on Feb. 28;  mean hourly velocity, 4.4 miles;  prevailing direction, east. The  average precipitation for February for the 'past 10 years has  been 5.70 inches, so it will be  seen that Vancouver had sufficient moisture, most of it however, in the form of rain, but. the  many hours of sunshine during  the month made up for this misbehaviour: of the elements. The  snowfall was the most ever re-  c&rded in February. The average  temperature for February for the  past ten years has been 38.4 deg.  The Vancouver section of Canada's National Fish Day closed  with a most successful banquet  at Mclntyre's Cafe on Tuesday  night. There were about 200  guests who partook of their  choice, -of thirteen different fish  dishes. After everybody had been  put in a thoroughly intellectual  mood by the evening's diet of  sea food there were songs and  piano solos interspersed with  toasts and specehes.  The toast, "The King," was  replied to by the singing of the  National Anthem; Mayor McBeath proposed "The Army and  Navy," which was replied to by  Col. Mullins, Chief Inspector of  Supply and Transport for Western Canada. Under the head of  "The Fisheries," which was proposed bjr Mr. T. Cunningham,  chief inspector %t Fisheries for  British Columbia, and responded  to by Mr. Frederick Lucas, were  included all branches of the industry. In response Mr. W- H.  Barker, general manager of the  B. C. Packers' Association, spoke  for "Canned Fish,'' Mr. Robert  Payne for "Fresh Halibut," Mr.  H. West for Herring," and DrV  Malcolm Fraser, biologist, for  "Fish and Their Habits."  T hose present at the banquet  included representatives of all  the branches, of the fish trade,  box makers, transportation officials, and many professional men  of the city.  The report of weather cbridi-  tions in Greater Vancouver for  the week ending February 29,  according to Weatherman Shearman, is as follows:  Rain: .09 inches.  Snow: 2.75 inches. v  Lowest temperature, 30 degrees on February 24.  Highest temperature, 56 deg.  on February 26.  Total sunshine, 36 hours 54  minutes.  THE "KULTU&EP" WAY  Nurse: "Now, is there anything  else I  can do for you?"  Tommy (with vinegar cloth on head,  salt bag on chest, and mustard plaster on feet): "-Well, nurse, you might  just put a pepper plaster on my back,  and then I'shall be a bloomin" cruet "  ���������"Bystander."  ANOTHER link has been1 added to  the chain of Hapsburg love  dramas by the assassination of  Count Seiler in a Lucerne village in  January. His death, it is declared, was  decreed,Vby Emperor Franz Josef because be involved a young archduchess closely related to the Archduchess Marie Theresa in a love intrigue. The tragic affair has only just  become public.     ���������  The married heir Of one of the noblest Austrian families met the archduchess during a; winter at Prewar.  He began a flirtation which developed Jinto' real love on both sides.  -Afr.^the= outbreak-^of- the- war^the  count was *. cavaliy lieutenant attached to the staff of Gen. Von Hoet-  zendorf. He continued to correspond  with the archduchess. In December,  1914, when he was stationed at headquarters in an Hungarian village in  the West Carpathians he begged the  young princess, whom he hoped to  marry after the annulment of his  first  marriage,  to  visit  him.  Disguised as a nurse, the archduchess, accompanied by- a small suite,  journeyed in an ambulance train with  her for several hours, but during the  visit,' someone informed Gen. Von  Hpetzendorf of what was happening.  When the princess stepped on the  platform to bid the count good-bye  the couple were confronted by the  chief  of   the general staff.  After the archduchess' panicky departure Gen. Von Hoetzendorf had an  angry interview with Count Seiler,  who, drawing his sword, threatened  the chief. The general thereupon placed him in a village hovel guarded by  sentries.  In a few days the count disappeared, and with the help of Princess Mattenich, he succeeded in crossing the Swiss frontier with the archduchess disguised as her page.  The couple went to live in Zurich,  with an English friend. The court,  however, found the trail, and decided  to stiflle scandal by taking the presumptuous , young officer frqm Switzerland. A go-between, named Cagern,  who had been pasing letters between  Princess Mattenich and the young  couple, _ entered the plot. against the  count.  For. this purpose he rented a villa  serving as an annex to the Lucerne  Hotel, where Prince Von' Buelow was  acting as'.':the kaiser's emissary for  several   months.  Cagern lured Count Seiler and the  archduchess to Lucerne, promising a  passport which would enable them to  flee to America. * "No sooner had the  count arrived rthan he was invited to  the villa, where he was confronted  with ;thee brother of the archduchess,  a military attache of  Gen Von Einem.  and   several   members   of the   Vienna  police.  On the same day the English  friend of the count was summoned by  telegraph to Lucerne, where the secret police conducted him to the villa. ' In an upstairs room the police  without the slightest comment, showed  him the body of the count. stretched  on the bed. His body was covered  with a white cloth, reaching ito the  neck.' :  v Flowers were   pref usely   strewn   on  the . bed.  The count had been lured to the  villa which was exterritorial and assassinated at night. \  WONDERFUL PEAT  x       OF SUBMARINE  IT is not because the German submarines haye performed wonderful  military feats, but because German naval activity has been practically, limited to her submarines, that  the exploits of these undersea boats  have been so widely advertised. In  the Baltic and the Mediterranean  British submarine commanders have  exploits to their credit that far outrank anything achieved by. German  submarines, and the feat of the British craft that played havoc with the  Turks in -the Sea of Marmora, sinking at least two troopships and actually shelling the arsenal at Constantinople, is one of the most wonderful in naval annals. An account  of this submarine's cruise is given by  Armen S. Delalian, a naturalized American of Turkish birth, who spent  nearly a month in this submarine. He  was taken from a Turkish ship that  was about to be sunk, and was; glad of  an opportunity to serve Commander  Nesbett as pilot, for although he had  fought in the Turkish army, he appears to have had, no very strong sen-  timents-in favor of Turkey.  He admits that Captain Nesbett was a fearless and capable officer, but he thought he was mad when  he realized the desperate character  of the voyage into the heart of the  harbor at Constantinople and discharge  his torpedo at a sh ip moored to a pier  seemed to Delalian one of the most  astounding pieces of audacity ever  conceived.   *  Sank Big Troopship  In the New York Sun he tells about  the captain sighting a steamer some  distance away and then submerging  so as to get close to her. ' He got so  close that the steamer actually passed  over the submarine. "Like the sounds  of a submarine bell, so the propellors  of the steamer' some two  hundred or  three rundred   feet   above, sounded  our boat, "he   says.  The   submarij  then   rose   to   the   surface,   and the  was the Turkish steamer crowded wil  troops a short distance away.   As sol  as the submarine was sighted the Tuj  tried to   wheel   round   and   make  Kodosto,   but   in   this   manoeuvre   al  presented her  whole broadside  to tl  submarine, and a  torpedo was  launcl  ed.  There   followed   a   terrific   expf  sion,   and it   was   evident   that  sides the troops the steamer had &*]  munition aboard, for although the s.  marine   was   a   mile   away when  blow wasv struck, she was shaken  the  concussion, i   Later    on'it -'f'wl  learned that there were 2,0b0 Turki^  troops   aboard.  Chased Into Port  \ Soon another troopship was sightei  but in   full   flight,   and so   the sul  marine came to the. surface  and pu  sued her right into the harbor of Ri  dosto.   The submarine submerged, anl  evidently the Turks thought that shJ  had given  up  the  chase.   Shortly af j  terward, however, she rose to the surf  face in  the midst of the harbor and  launched a torpedo into the troopship!  from which  the  soldiers  had  not  dis?  embarked, as   they   had   no idea that]  they would be followed  into port bj  the  Ell.   The submarine  then  made  'her  way   under  water  to   the Sea of  Marmora  again.   She   encountered  small  sailing vessel,   which   she stop-]  ped.     It   was.., captained   by   an   Al-j  banian, who was  accompanied  by his  family. They thought they were to be  killed, and  were  astonished when the  captain  merely  bought  some of  their  supplies, paying them in gold tho price  they asked.   V  In Constantinople Harbor  A few days later another large.vessel was torpedoed, but only after mostj  of the crew had been put into a lifeboat,  those  whom   this, could  noi:accommodate being brought aboard the  submarine. The raid  on Constantinople  was a   thrilling  one.   The,,  submarine  when she  submerged found herself in  the   very   centre   of   the   harbor   sur-|  rounded   on   all  sides  by   vessels. Af-j  ter launching  torpedoes against a sup-j  ply ship and the  old Hamidian  yacht  that had been converted into a train-]  ing ship, the submarine began to bom-)  bard the, arsenal itself. That some of  the   shells   were    effective  is proved  from   the  terrific   explosion   that   fOl-J  lowed. Munition boxes that lined.the  piers were also destroyed. Before thisl  memorable cruise was ended the  E-ll]  sank   a   Turkish   destroyer   that   had]  been sent in search of her. Then, once  more  diving under  the  mines   in  the J  Dardanelles, the submarine returned to  her base,  and  her  Turkish  pilot was}  set at liberty.  .....   .    .. " ^v'  CHEAP WWW POWER  FOR MANUFACTUWNG  Tbe experience of manufacturers wbo bave adopted the;  electric drive proves that it means maximum results at minimum cost. We furnish power to tbe customer for 24 hours  a day; 365 days in tbe year.  Business sagacity demands tbe use of electric power because it is more efficient, it is cleaner, it is more convenient, and it is not only economical in itself, but affords  unexcelled opportunities for the practice of economy in  operation.   -,  Hastings and Carrall Sts.  V.x  Pbone Seymour 8000  Compare Royal Standard  With Any Flour You  Have Ever Used  Observe its great rising strength���������how easy  it is to work with���������note the big clean wholesome  loaves it bakes���������tasty, snow-white bread.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  is made from the pick of Canada's golden wheat  harvest, is milled by the most modern processes  known  to science, is   thoroughly tested   before  -"leaving. the mill fqr its baking properties, and  comes  to you PURE,  WHOLESOME,   CLEAN.  . Ask your grocer to deliver ROYAL STANDARD.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NEW WESTMINSTER,  NANAIMO Stft$'v;2  m  &M&-.  m%  Friday, March 3,1916.  THEi ASTERN CALL  xxxvjsxxatfsxiiij  iy'%'-AyFAA-^';f^^.-ii-!i  - ,X -;X i?":S;v^ i j.iffi^Sf0������ivSfe]  :iwJ-^r:rrr-r:rr.-rrmi-$^^sm  yr-rr;rx:m^<M&JS^Mm\  WHY should you GO DOWNTOWN to do all your shopping?  Rents are MUCH CHEAPER here in Mt. Ple.asant.  For that reason, in practically every one of the stores here, and in all lines of  business, you can get a QUALITY OP GOODS and a PRICE that the  downtown stores CANNOT COMPETE WITH.  We are going to PROVE this.  r-r- --:.>-rr r-(-;^OipSm^S<'  .    .' ..-.   .���������,������������������..'..���������   .,-.:.':���������; s^.'' ���������"������������������ ���������   -: .-���������.���������--...' ���������-������������������������������������ i:-:':-.:-.:\. ....... ..-���������...    ��������� ���������:���������. ��������� ������������������/__ ..-:. v.---:..^- ... '.:.--���������'..^^pXji-fpJJ  ..   - ^ ..    -    -   "  7  Read these items NOW and EVERY WEEK, and see what the Mt. Pleasant "  merchants have to offer you. 0  -'WV  Their reputation is INVOLVED WITH OURS.   They are trying to provide  Mt. Pleasant buyers with JUST WHAT THEY ARE ASKING FOR.  BE A BOOSTER.   Help yourself and your neighbors by resolving to "BUY  IT ON THE HILL."  ^-���������^^'^?^&m  -   * J ?->f  '?������. yVti  ������x4  K   *%   "*      ft  'X>-'iVJ,  rx->, hi..*.���������  X  s A -ii  V.t,J  CORNICES, SKYLIGHTS  Tar  and  Gravel  Roofing. Gutter  and  Furnace  Repairs. ,  Jobbing is our Specialty. Good work  at fair prices  New Idea  Sheet Metal Works  6th Ave. and Brunswick.     Fair. 1850  at Pike's  518 BROADWAY E. (Next Dairy)  Phone Fairmont  1367  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  GAINING & CO.  Importers and Dealers in Dry Goods,  Silks, Chairs, Etc.  FINE TAILORS  Order your Spring Suit NOW. Prices  reasonable. New goods to select from.  2317 Main St. Pbone Fair. 1197  Mr. Arthur H. Crook and Miss  Lydia M. Fryer were united in  marriage at St. Michael's church  on Saturday evening by Rev. G.  H.   Wilson.  What is the hope of Christian  soldiers beyond the grave? This  was the subject of a lecture given on Sunday evening last in the  K.   P.   Hall,   k  The Ward V. R-dd Cross Association has made the following  shipments to central headquarters  during the last two months: January, 910 surgical dressings, 150  - field comforts, 75* hospital comforts ; February, 800 surgical  dressings. 85 -field comforts, 365  v hospital comforts. Their- home is  on the third floor of the Lee  building and there is a lady in  charge every afternoon from 2  to 4.30. ;������������������  X .  ^ On Monday evening last the  combined chapters of the brotherhood' of St. Andrew and  ^Daughters of. the King held a  joint meeting ai St. Michael's rectory, which was addressed by  Mr. J-" A. Birmingham, the for-  XJS-fE . J?iB____!!'l _. MSJSJ?^! - -4 social  hour was spent. At the close  of the meeting, refreshments were  served.  All  present had  a very  :  enjoyable time.  A meeting of Ward V. branch  of the Woman's Forum will be  held in the K. P. Hall on Wednesday afternoon, March 8, at 3  o'clock. All women ratepayers of  Ward V. are specially invited to  be present. ^  The executive of the Woman's  Guild of Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church is arranging for a  daffodil tea to be given at the  home of Mrs. Mason, 106 8th ave.  East, on Thursday^ March 9th,  from 3 to 6 p.m.  EVERYBODY'S .shoe store  SPECIAL PRICES FOR NEXT TEN DAYS  All well known brands of Shoes reduced.  10% OFF all Classic Shoes for Children.  10% OFF all Hurlburt's Cushion Sole Shoes for Children.  $1 pair off all F. W. Slater and Doctor Special Shoes for  Men.  Ladies' $5 Shoes in small sizes at $1.95 Pair.  We can save you money on your Shoe bills. ,-  WOOD & SON  2 Doors from P. Burns' Market  2313 Main.Street  Ifefcofttg  (!ktk.-0  ��������� A rich, delicious Cake,  made to order in any size  desired, and decorated most  effectively with any degree  of elaborateness preferred.  Prices very moderate, from 95.00  to  $25.00.  The usual quality found in all.  Woman'8 Bakery  Goods  >Xfl  AN AD HERE WILL BRING YOU RESULTS  The Pythian Sisters are holding a social dance next Tuesday  evening in the K. P., Hall.  Attendance is now about normal, at the Simon Fraser school.  This is a source of great satisfaction to several of the staff whose  classes have been badly broken  up for a couple of months.  It is pleasing to riote quite a  deal of recruiting in the cadet  corps of late. The instructor, Mr.  Crowe, is giving prizes for the  most successful ''recruiter.''  Several of the teacher* are taking-up the muscular system of  '.writing in real earnest and are  getting very good results. The  metronofne is coming to be quite  a visual   si?M  A pleasant and homelike little  place to drop in for lunch or  supper these days is the Pleasant  Cafe, at, 2517 Main street���������just  a few doors south of Broadway.  Under the able management of.  Miss Salter, who has catered to  the Mt. Pleasant public for over  six years, a regular dinner hill-  of-fare is served daily; but you  can get anything from a sandwich  to a porterhouse steak���������in fact,  any short order you desire���������at  any time of day. ���������The policy of  the cafe, cleanliness and strictly  home cooking, is carried out to  the letter.  There will he a business meeting of the Mt. Pleasant Suffrage  League on Monday evening, Mar.  6, at Room 203, Belvedere Court,  corner 10th and Main. All those1  interested are cordially invited.  The British Columbia Suffrage  League will hold a mass meeting  at the Labor Temple this (Friday) evening, to whicli the public are invited. Mrs. Ralph  iSmith, Mr. J. S. Cowper and Miss  Aileen Cutty will deliver addresses. Miss Guttridge, president of the League, will, occupy  the chair.  Rev. R. G. MacBeth, who has  accepted the call of, St. Paul's  Piesbyterian church, was inducted inlo his new charge last night.  Rev. A. E. Mitchell preached the  sermon for the occasion, Rev. G.  A. -Wilson Vadressed the minister,  and Rev. David James addressed the congregation. Mr. Mac-  Beth has had a wide and varied  career, and is a man. of tremendous talent. In his new .field  he will find abundance of work,  room for initiative and an opportunity of unusual importance.  St. Paul's church, under the pastorate of Mr. MacBeth, should  make rapid progress.  The evangelistic campaign of  the Mt. Pleasant Baptist church  '' grows brighter as the days go  by." By the time this message  goes to press 'we shall have finished our fourth week-of blessed  work for the -Master'; and we are  so encouraged that next week  will be a still greater effort  to sing God's praises and to tell  the unsearchable riches of His  dying love. Come and hear the  re.al truth. How to live and how  to( die; no shirking this issue.  You must die and you must be  born again to live with God  hereafter.  There will be Gospel songs, and  sound Gospel messages. Come  while you may; tomorrow may  be too late.  Sunday our pastor will preach  at both services, morning 11;  evening, 7.30. Song service at  7.15 p.m. Week nights (except  Saturday) at 7.45 p.m. Prayer  service each night at 7 o 'clock  in the ladies' parlor.;-Bring your  burdens and let others help bear  them to the Throne of Grace; this  means even- true believer no  matter what church you belong  to. Our Sunday School is open for  all, both young and old. Session  opens at 2.30 p.m. Baraea class  for men only. Bible class for men  and women. Send the little folks;  we want them to know of the  love of Jesus while their hearts  are.-young and tender;  the   \%t.   Pleasant    Suffrage  League conducted the fourth of  the   series of  Red  Cross   Relief.  Sevving meetings-..under the aus  pices of the United Suffrage So  cieties, held   Tuesday   afternoon  in the Blue Room of Jthe Hotel  Vancouver.   The   other    leagues  present were the Equality Franchise Association, the Cedar Cottage  Political  Equality  League,  the Pioneer   Political    Equality  League and the British Columbia  Suffrage League.   The   program  was    furnished    by    Mt. Pleas  ant talent and the audience de  clared that the meeting was the  most interesting of any yet held  Mrs. Alma Keeler,   a   gold-medal, elocutionist,   gave   two   recitations suitable to the occasion  Miss  Ethel Burnet,  graduate  of  the   Toronto   College   of   Music,  gave two interesting solos; Miss  Fremlin   and   jVIrs.  Burnet,  jr.,  contributed     interesting     solos,  Mrs. J. A. Clark and Mr. J. S.  Cowper gave addresses. Mrs. Roy  Taylor   presided,    Mrs.    Walter  Smith   and   Mrs.   MacGill     also  made  remarks. Mrs.  Hugh Wil  son delighted^ the   audience     by  reading an original poem on the  Suffrage question.  The Mr. Pleasant Suffrage  League is connected with Ward  V. branch of the Red Cross and  the collection will go to buy  material which will be made up  at the League's sewing meetings.  The next, meeting held at'the  Hotel Vancouver will be under  the management of the Cedar  Cottage Political Equality League.  The fourth of a series of Bed  Cross and Relief sewing meet-  ings^ under the auspices of the  United Suffrage league took place  Tuesday afternoon in the blue  room of the Hotel Vancouver,  when the meeting was conducted  iby the Mount Pleasant Suffrage  "League, the features of the programme; being provided by Mt.  Pleasant talent. Mrs. Alma Keeler, gold medalist for elocution,  gave two recitations suitable to  the occasion. Miss Ethel Burnett,  a graduate of Toronto College of.  Music, gave two solos, which were  much appreciated by the audience, Miss Fremlin ahd Mrs. Bur-  'iiett, jr., gave two instrumental  solos, Mrs. J. A. Clark, Mrs.  Walter Smith and Mrs. J. H.  MacGill gave short addresses. Mr.  Cowper, a member of the Mount  Pleasant Suffrage League, gave  an interesting address, in which  JhiP~p6ifltM"^ neces  sity of the vote for women in  view of the fact that so many  Anglo-Saxon voters are going to  the front, and it will mean a  greater percentage of alien men  voting. The meeting was presided over by Mrs. Roy Taylor, the  funds being devoted to the purchase of Red Cross material.  Despite the unfavorable weather, there was an unusually  large attendance at the "at  home" given yesterday afternoon  at the home of Mrs. Jackson by  the Ward V. branch of the Woman's Forum. A most enjoyable  afternoon was spent, a delightful program being provided by  the following ladies: Mrs. Turn-  bull, Mi's. Gregg, Miss Stratton,  M!iss Fremlin, Miss Patchell, of  New Westminster, Miss Little-  jbhn, Miss Bruce, Misses Margaret  Le Messieur, Gladys Hart and  Kathleen   Carter.  Mrs. Pettipiece was in charge  of. the tea room, being assisted  by Mrs. W. A. Wood, Mrs. Eiv  gene Plant, Misses Lillian Cash-  man, Edith Mfieauley, Muriel  Carruthers. Elsie Pettipiece and  Beta Balzell. Tea was poured for  the first hour by Mrs. James and  Mrs. J. O. Perry,, and for the  second hour By Mrs. A. H. Wilson and Mrs. Macauley.  Receiving with the hostess,  Mrs. Jackson, were Mrs. J. C.  Kemp, president of the Woman's  SATURDAY    SPECIALS  1 lb. Royal Household Tea, value 40c  1 lb. Sliced Bacon, value, 40c  1 lb. Fresh Churned Butter, value 40c  $1.20  Saturday only $1.00  The Produce Store  758 Broadway East. Phone Fair. 2117  Don't  Forum, and Mrs. W. C. Carruthers. The door was opened by  Misses Helen Jackson and Edith  Carruthers.  Mrs. Kemp, on behalf of the  Forum, extended a cordial invitation to all the ladies to attend the next meeting on Wed*  nesday, Mar. 8, in the K;P. Hall.  Witt  CklckfM*  DIAMOND CHIOS ������B8DlUM \*m  tried for years and produce* floe  healthy chicks.' Made   snd soW   hf  VWW0N TO CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  * I  v . i|_  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Peed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  i _J   Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone Fraser  175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood  153  Eatihg between  Meals is perfectly  Natural-for  Healthy, Active  __-__^___������     444.M���������������������������_���������44.  Children  ���������Give Them Good,  Energy- Restoring  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Breads  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS ^  Made of Canada's most nutritious flour and pure  water in British Columbia's most sanitary, clean,  modern baking plant  5  FULL   16  OUNCE   LOAF  Every one "sealed at the oven"  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bayers  of BETTER Bread THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 3, 1916.  j-  HOME  TABLE  RECIPES  It will he the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of. the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  In view of the coming Lenten season, and  with regard to the Canadian national fish day  which is being observed this week, it is especially  appropriate to include the following recipes for  the cooking and serving of some of our popular  varieties of fish.  Fish as Food  In these days when the costof living has become such an important factor, it is necessary for  the average housewife to give careful thought to  providing for her table. The articles procured  must not only be reasonably cheap, but they  must be palatable and nourishing.  As fish meets these requirements, attention is  called to it as one of the articles that should  daily have an important place on each bill of  fare.  Not only from an economic, but from a health  standpoint is it desirable that fish should be  much more freely used. Sir James Crichton-  Browne,. M.D., D.Sc, Lord Chancellor's Visitor,  etc., in an article on the Value of Fish as Food,  states that it cannot be too strongly insisted on  that for working people of all classes���������those  who work with their heads as well as those who  work with their hands-���������fish is an economical  source of energy necessary to enable them to carry on their work, and that for children and  young persons it furnishes the very materials  that are needed to enable them to grow healthy  and strong. : :..��������� X ./'X   .  In fish the muscle fibres are very short and  are arranged in flaky masses, which are easily  separated from one another. Hence fish lends  itself to comparatively speedy digestion. Of  course, fish differ greatly in digestibility, the  lean kinds being more readily disposed of than  the fat, and salt fish, owing to the hardening of.  the fibre during salting, lingers longer in the  stomach than fresh fish. Moreover fish is less  stimulating as a food than meat, which is a  matter of importance in these days of heavy nervous tension. 1  Comparative Value of Fish as Food  As is explained in "Recipes for Sea Foods,"  although foods are so different in appearance  and taste, analysis shows that they are made up  of a comparatively small number of compounds.  These are water and the so-called nutrients-  protein or nitrogenous materials, fat, carbohydrates and ash or mineral matter. Familiar  examples of protein are the lean of fish and  meat, white of egg, casein of milk and gluten of  wheat. Fat is found in the fat of fish and meat,  in milk (butter) and oils. Starches, sugars and  woody fibre or cellulose form the bulk of carbohydrates.  Food serves the twofold purpose of supplying  the body with material with which it is built  up and repaired and the energy for heat and  muscular work. The value of a food depends  upon the amount of digestible nutrients it contains, and the cheapest food is that which supplies nutriment at the lowest cost.  In order to compare the nutritive value of  different foods some measure is necessary. All  energy may be measured in terms of heat. To  enable a clear understanding of the amount of  heat in a calorie, it may be explained that if  one pound of starch were burned in an apparatus  that would utilize every bit of the heat produced,  it would raise 1,900 lbs. of water four degrees in  temperature.  Classes of Fish  Fish may be divided into two classes, viz.)  oily and non-oily. Of the two, oily fish are the  more nutritious; they comprise such kinds as  salmon, trout, mackerel, herring and eels, and  have the oil mingled through the flesh. Haddock, ^ cod, hake, pollock and halibut, etc., are  non-oily fish; that is; the oil is contained in the  liver and is removed when the fish is dressed for  cooking. They are thus more suitable for invalids, and people of weak digestion, than the  oily kinds.  In preparing fish for cooking it should not be  allowed to stand iii water for a long time. It  spoils the flavour and the food substances are  likely to, be dissolved.  Halibut i  Broiled Halibut.���������Season the slices with salt  and pepper and fry them in melted butter for  half an hour, having them well covered on both  sides, roll in flour and broil for ten minutes  over a clear fire. Serve on a hot dish, garnishing with parsley and slices of lemon. The slices  of halibut should be about an inch thick, and for  every pound there should be three tablespoonfuls  of butter.  PRACTICAL BEAUTY SECRETS  THIS series of short practical talks on tbe scientific care of tbe complexion, bair and eyes was begun  in tbe WESTEEN CALL on February 25th, and will be continued from week to week in these  columns. /  Readers having any suggestions to offer or inquiries  to  make  are  invited to  send  tbem  in not later  than Monday of each week to insure attention.���������The Editor.  X  Ifr-*.  Tbe "Greasy" Complexion  Usually this distressing malady is the result  of ah excessive use of sweet and oily foods, especially rich animal oils. A change to nourishing, but lighter foods, and a free use of juicy  vegetables in the dietary, will work an improvement. It is necessary to take considerably more  exercise in the open air than usual. The following local treatment can also be effectively  used at least three times a day���������morning, noon  and night. First wash the face thoroughly in  lukewarm���������not hot���������water softened, if. neces-  saryr-with-aTlittle liquid^ammonia^-Great care  should be taken that the soap used is mild  and contains no free or uncombined alkali. Any  reliable druggist will recommend a good soap.  Nothing is better than pure Castile, if the genuine can be obtained. After rinsing the face in  lukewarm water it should be gently patted dry  with a soft face towel and then bathed gently  for about ten minutes with the following mixture; an ounce of witch hazel and ten drops of  spirits of camphor mixed with an equal quantity  of soft water. Follow this up by a dash of very  cold water, which closes the pores.  Oily complexions need very delicate handling  ���������even more so than dry complexions. Any face  ointment used should contain as little fat as  possible���������witch hazel jelly being especially recommended. The use of almond meal and water in washing the face will also accomplish good  results. Glycerine is fairly good for an oily  skin. Sea water is even better. In any case it  is well to avoid any face ointment containing  tincture -of cantharides, for this is an irritant  used to promote the growth of hair and is not  desirable to use on the face. The immoderate  use of face creams of any sort causes the face  to become soft and flabby, and in many cases  causes the growth of hair.  Growth of Hair on the Face  This is often brought about through the excessive use of face creams containing tincture of  cantharides (Spanish flies). About the best  thing to do is to apply a solution of one part of  ammonia to two parts of peroxide of hydrogen  to the affected parts of. the face when retiring.  The peroxide will bleach the hair, thus making  it inconspicuous, while the ammonia tends to kill  the roots of the hair. This treatment, however,  should not be too long continued, as the repeated use of peroxide tends to discolor the skin.  Another good remedy for superfluous hair is  electrolysis���������a safe, though sometimes a slightly  painful method���������which should be administered  only by a first-class operator.  ���������   ���������    ���������   ���������-   ���������  Open and Enlarged Pores  If troubled -with large pores it is well to employ an astringent, such as a solution of alum.  ��������� It should be applied to the face with absorbent  cotton, when retiring.   After washing the  face  thoroughly spray it with hot water for a few  minutes, followed by a ten minutes' application of the cold alum solution. Rinse in very  cold water. Do not persist in this treatment too  long. It should produce an improvement in the  condition of the pores after two weeks' use.  Better then to skip a week and resume treatment than to continue it too long at a time.  Another good astringent for open pores is as follows : tincture of benzoin, 15 drops; hamamelis  water, 15 drops; orange flower water, one ounce.  Spray the face with this three times a day. It  -wilLtend to" contract the-poresr although-no-tan^  gible results will be noticed for some time, as  large pores are a matter of. slow growth and a  remedy cannot be expected to" work too quickly.  Blackheads, pimples and many other similar  facial blemishes are often caused by an inactive  life, the excessive use of greasy and sweet foods,  and the wearing of perspiration soaked underwear. Blackheads, especially, are nearly always  the outcome of neglect of the skin of the face.  Before retiring at night the face should be cleansed with cold cream, rubbing it well into the  skin. When dry, wash the face in warm water,  using a mild soap and a good complexion brush.  Rinse first in warm water, then in very cold water. This treatment gets the dust out of the  pores and closes them.  ���������   ���������   *   *   *  For Freckles  Take one tablespoonful of dry mustard with  lemon juice sufficient to make a smooth paste.  Add one teaspoonful of sweet almond oil. Mix  well. Before retiring dab each freckle spot with  the paste. As soon as it begins .to smart the  face wash it off and massage with a cold cream.  After a few days the skin will begin to peel off,  taking the freckles with it. In connection with  peeling the face it might be mentioned that  mercolized wax is very useful when it is desired, for any reason, to put on a new skin. Just  before bedtime rub a moderate quantity ot the  wax on the face and leave it on all night. Wash  the face with warm water and soap in the  morning. It will take some time���������possibly  four months���������to effectively clear the, face of the  old and dead skin, but it is a good remedy and a  comparatively cheap one.  V '���������   !������    ���������"    ���������    ���������  Brown Spots  Otherwise known as liver spots, are often the  outcome of liver troubles, of constipation, and  sometimes of blood poisoning. . A reliable treatment for constipation should be employed, and  if you suspect any personal causes for these  brown spots���������such as syphilitic blood poisoning  ���������you should see the most reliable physician  without delay. Following is a good remedy for  exterior application: One quarter of an ounce of  borax, one-eighth of an ounce of tincture of benzoin, rosewater to make four ounces. Apply to  the liver spots at night.  BRITISH  EMPIRE  FAIR  TO BE HELD IN 1917  Plans are under way for a  British Empire fair to be held  next year, which, it is expected,  will be the largest of its kind  ever held in the world. The time  set for it is the spring of 1917,  and the place selected is Willes-  den Green, London. The intention is to provide accommodation for exhibits of practically  every known industry. The exhibition building will cost about  .$1,000,000 ahd cover an area df  610,000 square feet. The frontage  of the stalls will be about twelve  miles in length, and arrangements will be made for possible  enlargement of the grounds  should this be required. The fair  will be held for three weeks.  THE NOBEL PRIZES  The Nobel prizes were established by the will of the late Alfred P. Nobel, the Swedish scientist and inventor of dynamite  who died in 1896. He left his  fortune, estimated at $9,000,000  to the f6undirig of a fund, the  interest of which should yearly  be distributed to those who had  contributed most during the  year "to the good of humanity."  The interest is divided in five  equal shares, and the value of  each prize is on the average  about $40,000. The prizes are  awarded, '' one to the person who  in the domain of physics has  made the most .important discovery or invention, one to the  person who has made the most  important chemical discovery or  invention, one to the person who  has made the most important  discovery in the domain of medicine or physiology, one to the  person who in literature has  provided the most excellent  work of an idealistic tendency,  and one to the person who has  worked most or best for the fraternization of nations, and the  abolition or reduction of. standing armies, and the calling in  and propagating of peace congresses." The distribution of  prizes usually takes place each  year on December 10, the anniversary of Mr. Nobel's death. The  first awards were made in 1901.  WILL DEVELOP EXPORT  TRADE OF CANADA  The question of adopting measures to develop theiexport trade  of Canada with the large field  that lies open to the Dominion  among the various countries in  South America, and thus also  to enter into the composition that  will take place, especially after  the war, to capture the lucrative  trade that has hitherto been eri-  j oyed by Germany, was brought  before the Premier, Hon. W. J.  Bowser, on Friday last by the  trade and commerce committee of  the Vancouver Board of Trade.  The deputation met the Premier at the Vancouver Hotel, and  impressed upon him the advisability of publishing, at the expense of the government, the report of Trade Commissioner H.  G. White, who was recently sent  to South America by the government in connection with the  opening up trade relations there.  Mr. White was sent on the suggestion of the Vancouver Board  of Trade, at the expense of the  government, the cost of the vis^  it being $3,000. He has contributed a very valuable report on  the subject, but, unfortunately,  owing to the lack of ship bottoms, it is at present impossible  to fill orders. The deputation  urged that it would be of valuable assistance to merchants and  others if the result of the investigations was published and distributed.  The Premier promised to take  the matter up with the King's  printer, so as to ascertain what  the expense would amount to.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  onj^in-j^  with your office stationery, but with all  matter and  ���������  ���������  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY /  mmm  gStiisl  Friday, March 3,1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  (Continued from last -week)  December 14.���������A hazy sky  md a rather choppy sea greet-  led us this morning. All those  [who are leaving the ship at  Auckland���������some twenty-five in  all���������have already seen to packing their baggage. We have nothing to do but to anticipate our  first sight of an Antipodean  shore, which we get about noon,  the rugged and mountainous  coast of the Great Barrier Island looming up on the horizon.  This island lies at the entrance  to Auckland Bay, and is as forbidding as any land I have ever  gazed upon. Surely not even a  sheep could live on the parched  grass that grows here and there  on these barren rocks.  However, the outlook is much  more promising as we enter the  bay proper. Dolphins play about  our bows, white winged yachts  are seen here and there dashing  ahead of a stiff breeze. The  shores become more inviting,  and glimpses of green valleys  may be seen on either side, sloping down to inviting little villages near the shore. We are  nearing Auckland.  At just five o'clock we get  our first sight of the city of  Auckland, built on sixty-two extinct volcanoes. It is not a very  large city, taken from the standpoint of population���������only some  110,000. But it is the most impressive city of its size I have  ever seen. These old volcanic  craters have been mechanically  worn away until most of them  are only slight hills; a few, how  ever, like Mount Eden and One  Tree Hill, stand out conspicuously from the rest of the city and  are beautified and covered with  elegant little homes to their very  top. The city is divided into  two parts by the Waitemata, a  channel somewhat like that of  Burrard Inlet, Vancouver. It is  only a short run on the tram  going westward, to Onehunga,  where you again meet with the  South Pacific ocean. This suburb  used to be Auckland's seaport.  Auckland   is   not   what   you  would call a bustling city. Its  population is spread out over  an unusually , large area, and  some of the suburban districts  partake of an agricultural quite  as much as a commercial ^centre.  The private citizens of Auckland  are mostly well to do retired  ranchers and health seekers.  Business is confined chiefly to two  main thoroughfares and is not as  engrossing at any time as it is  in a northern city. Many business men dress in frock coats  and silk hats. Business hours are  from 9.30 to 4.30. No stores are  opeu in the evenings, and very  few restaurants and cafes keep  open after six o'clock. This is  due to the stringent labor regulations which prevail both in  New Zealand and Australia.  The most conspicuous point  about the city of - Auckland, and  one it possesses in common with  most Australasian cities, is the  general use of red tile for roofing purposes. This lends a coloring, that harmonizes strikingly  with the landscape, and leaves an  impression on the mind of the  stranger that is not easily effaced. The houses are built to  keep out the heat, and incidentally keep out whatever cold the  country may encounter, which,  by the way, is not very severe  in the N������>rth Island of New Zealand.  The tram service is conduct.d  largely on old country lines. The  fares are graded according to  the distance travelled. You can  sit: out on the balcony if you  prefer, for it is the favorite part  oC the tram in fine weather. The  street car cards of northern cities are here replaced by the advertising signs on the outside and  along the top of the tram, where  everyone along the street may  read them. This is a distinct advantage over our method, as far  as the advertisers are concerned.  We enjoyed a huge feast of  fresh eggs. New Zealand chee������e  and honey, and the most delicious  strawberries and cream one can  imagine. After seventeen days  of ship's fare *we  certainly did  BANBURY'S  For  WOOD&COAL  Jtyone: Bayview 1075  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, UP.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. 0.  The papers we read at Auckland  told of a gentle temperature of  110 deg. in the shade at Sydney, and we fondly hope this heat  wave may be at an end before  our arrival.  December 19.���������Spent yesterday  and most of Wednesday in my  berth, the pitching of the. ship  producing a type of. headache  and nausea known only to sailors. Was on deck early this morning, for it was reported we would  sight the Sydney heads about 9  o'clock. Those of us who have  not seen Australia are wondering  how much of our mental portrait  of this country will be realized.  The dim outline of the heads  visible shortly after nine, and  from that time on our eyes feasted on a picture as charming to  our eyes as it was novel. The  Makura entered the harbor and  came to anchorage in Watson's  Bay about ten o'clock to await  the doctor, and we had our first  opportunity to form our own impression of what Australians  claim to be absolutely the finest  harbor, natural or otherwise, in  the world. This harbor comprises  the natural mouth of the Paramatta river, with several inlets  on either side. These inlets are  so wide and deep, and their banks  are so thickly studded with suburban residences that they seem  more like separate rivers. Some  of these coves or inlets are ex:  quisitely beautiful, and as the  ship rounds one point after another on its sinuous course to  the piers, you realize why natives of Sydney have developed  a peculiar curve to their lip from  repeating the question to every  new arrival, "Have you seen our  harbor?"  Medical examination being  concluded, we proceed to Darling  harbor wharf,- where we dock in  time to get ashore for lunch.  There is a drizzling rain coming  on, and we are forcibly reminded we will have to prepare for  this climate with -silk - suits and  the lightest of underclothing. The  customs officials are very consid-  derate, but it is a sudden shock  to our northern sensibilities to  find no hotel bus waiting for us.  We must take a hansom cab at a  good stiff rate (three shillings)  tipping everyone from the dock  foreman to the baggageman.  However, this is probably because we look green. Australia is  not a land of high tips as a usual thing. Prices for all necessary commodities, service included, are very reasonable indeed.  I have selected the Metropole,  a  family  hotel   of   considerable  prices,  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  them justice, and we were not a  little surprised to find the bill  only a shilling and sixpence each  (36 cents). It would have cost  us twice that in Vancouver, even  in the summer season.  Auckland has several fine residential hotels, built mostly of  stone and stucco on the open  plan so common to tropical countries, with fine courtyards and  high airy ceilings. Bates are from  three dollars a day, everything  found, as they say here. The art  gallery, national museum and industrial school are typical of the  country, and reflect the broad-  mindedness of its government.  Here all public utilities are owned  by the federal government. If  you wish to farm, the government will lend you the money  at a very reasonable rate, stock  your farm, and for the first few  years haul your produce to market, or your coal or fertilizer to  the farm at low rates on its own  railroad lines. But we will return  to New Zealand and more of the  country anon.  We paid a visit to the municipal baths, where we enjoyed a  dip in warm salt water, or cold,  as we preferred,   at threepence  each, including bathing suit and  towels. Our last adventure was a  spin in  an  auto  to the  top of  Mount Eden, from which a magnificent view of the entire city,  harbor,  and  neighboring  mountains is   had.   Mount Rangitoto  stands out   prominently   on   the  horizon.     This is an extinct volcano on the eastern side of the  bay.   The usual make of cars can  be hired in Auckland for $3.50  an hour, with excellent drivers.  We were sorry to leave   Auckland, and for my part I am looking forward to my return visit  with great pleasure, expecting to  enjoy a trip on one of the "bat-  wings" with which  the harbor  is alive on breezy afternoons. I  dare  say  there were at least a  hundred of them to greet us on  our arrival, for the breeze was  so stiff that we  broke  two cables before we finally docked. The  day ashore has knocked our sea  legs from under us, and we will  probably have to get them back  again on theV Tasman Sea. We are:  due at Sydney Friday noon.  December 16.���������Left Queen's  wharf about 8 last night, taking  on quite a few local passengers  for Sydney. This morning we  passed the ' ��������� Three Kings," the  cause of dozens of fearful shipwrecks: in years gone by. These  granite needles project fully 400  feet above the sea and are evidently the remainder of some  highT Xolcahie "peak-worn"? into  three sections by the terrific action of the waves. Tidal currents  are swift and treacherous on the  coast of New Zealand, as many  a mariner has found to his cost.  Now that we have altered our  course, going due west across the  Tasman sea, the ship has changed its rolling motion to a pitching one, with the result that  many of us, hardened sailors as  we have hitherto regarded our-  selves, have had to give up and  go back to our berths. We have a  stiff headwind, but the weather  is otherwise perfectly clear and  summery. The gulls, which met  us some miles out from Auckland, are escorting us to sea; we  have also seen for the first time  the quaint and stately albatrossfj  king of the southern seas, recalling the "Rhyme of the Ancient  Mariner." Surely no aviator will  ever be able to imitate the graceful curves and gentle soaring  movements of this remarkable  bird, which measures, we are  told, from ten feet to twelve and  a half feet from tip to tip. This  is the bird that fables represented as making its nest on the sea;  and truly it seems to have little  in common with land birds or  their habits.  Having lost so many of our  congenial companions at Auckland, we refuse to be comforted  by new arrivals, and social lif e is,  therefore, a drag untilwe begin J ground   bone  was   $35   a ton a  to realize that, Sydney is   near, couple  of months ago. Grinding  costs about 75 cents a ton. Labor is easily available. The transportation difficulties are the only  ones besetting the path of this  valuable utility.  The difficulties of the situation  seem to be the absence of harbors and, the boisterous surf  which make the use of lighters  or aerial cables necessary. The  loading of the material would be  possible only in summer on account of the -turbulence of the  surf in other seasons. The coal  and supplies now brought to the  islands are unloaded by lighters  and the same boats returning  empty to the vessel might be employed to carry the bones. The  cost of* native labor is $1.50 a  day. The present price of sulphuric acid has reduced the supply of acid phosphate and this  additional source of phosphate  and ammonia is to be welcomed.  Why,} Stella!  Ella���������He   says   he is a   self  made    man.      Stella���������He   may  have done the construction work,  but the plans and. specifications  were made by a monkey.  In an endeavor to further the  propaganda for British trade in  China the recently organized  British Chamber of Commerce at  Shanghai is issuing a journal  printed in Chinese.  Phone Seymour 9085  One Is Apt  at times to be forgetful, tat  don't -Corset Hut   JJ  A Deposit Box  in onr SAFETY VAULT will  protect yonr valoablw, documents, heirloom, ���������*&, from  FIBB or BURGLASY for on*  yew for  $2 .SO  We cordially invite yoa to  inspect iame  DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS STBBBT W.  Extravagance  Visitor���������-Well, Robert, how do  you like your new little sister?  Robert (the eldest of six)���������  Oh, she's all right, I guess; but  there are lots of things we needed  worse.  The Terrible Turk  Crawford���������It's said that married men make the best fighters.  Crabshaw���������In that case the  Turk should be as good as half a  dozen, ordinary soldiers.  Wanted to Purchase���������Nine or ten-  room house, good lot, between Granville and Heather Streets' and Eighth  and Thirteenth Avenue. Some cash,  deed to Victoria property now renting, balanee on easy terms. Must be  bargain. Reply Box 10, J. P's,  Weekly.  prestige and ^moderate  where one can live a much more  retired life than in -the Australia  or Sydney. The first thing to  do is to get some clothes suited  to the climate, and to present  my credentials to the Civic Club  where I will be billeted during  my stay in Sydney.���������E.W.S.  (To be. continued)  NEW AND VALUABLE  SOURCE OF FERTILIZER  Ottawa, Canada  PRINOLE  &  OT7TRBIX  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of tho  Bar of British Columbia.  Cittern Bonding, Ottawa.  Bone has long been recognized an important source of fertilizer material as it contains both  nitrogen and phosphoric add. No  treatment except grinding is necessary to render its fertilizer ingredients available. The buffalo  bones which were strewn over  the western prairies have all  been gathered and utilized as  fertilizer. The supply of bone,  however, has been very limited in  recent years.  Recently large bone deposits  have been found on the Pribilof  Islands of the Alaskan groups,  the accumulations of. centuries,  probably, and one of the largest  known deposits of bone in existence. It is from two to six  feet in depth and covers several  square miles.  Agriculture greatly needs this  material, and the demand is such  that the wholesale price for raw  SEALED TENDERS addressed to  the undersigned, and endorsed  "Tender for Freight .Shed on Government Wharf, Vancouver, B. C."<  will be received at this office until  4.00 P.M. on Thursday, March 23, 1916,  for the construction of a Wooden  Freight ' Shed on the Government  Wharf, at Vancouver, B. C.  Plans and forms of contract can be  seen and specification and forms of  tender obtained at this Department,  and at the offices of the District Engineer at Victoria, B. C, and on application to the Postmaster at Vancouver, B.   C.       '  Persons tendering are notified that  tenders will not be considered unless  made on the printed forms supplied,  and signed with their actual signatures, stating their occupations and  places of residence. In the case of  firms', the actual signature, the nature  of the occupation, and place of residence of each member of the firm  must be given.  Each tender must be accompanied  by an accepted cheque on a chartered  bank, payable to the order of the Honourable the Minister of Public Works,  equal to ten per cent. (10 p.e.) of the  amount of the tender, which will be  forfeited if the person tendering decline =to -enterr, into -a== contract���������when  called upon to do so, or fail to complete the work contracted for. If the  tender be not accepted the cheque  will be returned.  The Department does not bind itself  to accept the lowest or any tender.  NOTE.���������Blue prints can be obtained at the Department of Public Works  by depositing an accepted bank cheque  for the sum of $20.00, made payable to  the order of the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, which will be  returned if the ��������� intending bidder submit a  regular bid.  By order,  R. C. DESROCHERo,  Secretary.  Department of Public Works,  Ottawa, February 24, 3016.  Newspapers will .not be paid for this  advertisement if they insert it without  tutliority from the Department.���������9177!)  synopsis of coal wmrne  RBGTJ^ATJONS  Coal mining rights of the Demin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application   for   a lease must   be  made by the applicant in person to'  the7 Agent  or  Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied' for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by. sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by tbe applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 wbich will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall-be paid on the merchantable putput^f the_mine at _ the  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  For full information" application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion  Lands. 0  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements ato a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  WStf-d  Sgfffif  ffStf  ���������Mm  f,Wj>'  IS  rfwA  '<>���������<&  ii  ���������������'���������'��������� far-:  i.-'x-ijik-i  s\  llll  -r*..-Jia-/M 'X  8  _THE WESTERN CALL  s.  (F  =5\  The fine weather   of the early  part of the week induced some of  baseball devotees   to   haul   out  their togs and limber up for the  season.      It will be but a short  / , <       while   until   the   back lots   and  school yards   will   be   humming  jtfith the joyous shout of the comer in baseball kingdom.  ���������   #   ���������  Frank Gotch, the erstwhile  wrestling champion, is finding it  a difficult matter to get into  shape for his coming championship battle. . And when he does  get into shape, it is likely to be  a repetition, of the, '" wonderful  condition" of Jeffries when he  met the big black at Reno a few  years ago.        X.  '   ���������   *   *  Portland Rosebuds have put in  . a challenge for the Stanley Cup,  and it is probable they will journey east for the series. Ottawa  say they must play the games on  Ottawa ice' should the capitals  be the contenders. The Rosebuds  would much prefer the artificial  ice of the Montreal arena, but  it is likely that the series will  he played in Montreal, as from  present standing it is difficult  for us to see an Ottawa championship. |  Last night Portland beat the  All-Stars 5 to 2 in the Rose City  in a whirlwind finish. The All-  Star team was composed of Lehman, Cook, Carpenter, Foyston,  Mackay, Kerr, and Morris.  HARRY HYLAND  Member of the Montreal Wander-  erd, who after leading the N. H.  A. nearly all season, are now,  hopelessly out.of the race. Hyland  formerly played on the coast with  the old New Westminster club.  Jess Willard will get .$50,000  and Frank Moran $30;000 from  Tex Rickard for their ten round  affair at New York this month.  Nice easy, picking for sure.-  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU.  5c  Ounce  SHELLY'8 WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values which make strength  and health.' Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean.  BtfTTEB-JTOT 3JWBAP  is the best and least expensive food yon can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at yonr store. Comes in sanitary waxed wrappers.  SMJy Bros. Pake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread,    fair. 44.  a  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON <t CO.  WMJTTO  PwWip Works Contractor*  Read Office, 81045 Sower 3itfl<tt������g  Seymow 1836  VAWOUV1BJI CANADA  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds Of Wood Phone: Fair; 1564  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours. -  Phone Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. MiTavish, Prop.  Winnipeg Monarchs have lost  the Allan cup. The 61st regiinen-  tal team of the Peg have grabbed  the honors   in  the amateur  ranks this season.  * #   *  Wanderers and Quebec are^noAV  apparently out of the running  for this year. Wanderers put up  a game season, and, had it not  been for the countless injuries  received by their players, , no  doubt they would not be at the  top of the heap.  * # ��������� #  Del Irvine, the Portland point  player, bumped into a piece of  hard luck in a recent game with  Seattle when his face was badly  cut by Cully Wilson's skate, an  accident that necessitated seven  stitches to draw the wound toge-.  ther.  * ���������   # v  The race in the N. H. A. is!  narrowing down to a contest between Canadiens and Ottawa,  wjitn.the chances in favor of the  ffirmer. The Frenchmen are now  two full games in the lead, and  have the advantage of a most  favorable schedule for the balance of the season. Since Kennedy  read the riot act to some of his  players, the Frenchmen have  been going great guns, and are  now playing like champions.  Ottawa is coming along strong  just now and might even yet put,  the Canadiens out .of the running. Ottawa have the reputation  for being good finishers, and are1  chuck full of confidence in their  ability to turn the trick on the  Canadiens in  the finals.  There seems to be little prospect of professional lacrosse on  the coast this year. Con Jones is  surely i sick of. it, and after the  poor patronage of the sport last  season, it might be just as well  to drop it for a while. The champion Salmonbellies are still intact and from present appearances as a team will probably  remain so until age have dried  up their once active limbs. As. a  team of lacrosse artists they have  never been equalled in the history of the modern game. It is  almost a pity to see them pass ofl!  the stage, but the hand of time  must fulfil its mission, and it is  farewell to the once great boys  on the Fraser river town. N$  comeback is now possible for  them.  "THE LOST LEGION'  1st Frau: "My poor boy Fritz is  having a dreadful time. He is with the  army   in Bussia."  2nd Frau: "And what about your  other  boy,   Hans?"  1st Frau: "Oh, HE'S all right; he's  in_the.navy._!���������Bystander.--  -  "No, my 'usband ain't killed, Mrs.  Marks. No sonner did I put all the  kids in mourin', even to Biby in the  pram, when I gets a telegram a syain'  'e's alive and well. Yes. an' all this  expense for nothin'."  "Wot a crool  shame!"   *  French Take to Pipes  One result of the war in Frnace  has been a tremendous increase in  the popularity bf the pipe, which  heretofore has been regarded as a  British, Dutch or Grman, rather than  a French institution. The French in  the trenches have become inveterate  pipe smokers, and from them to the  custom appears likely to spread.  "It has the advantage of keeping  the end of the nose warm," is the explanation of one soldier and this has  become a popular saying in France.  What's the Difference?  "Man. you're a perfect fool!"  growled the officer, as, red of face, he  strode up to O 'Grady. ' the new recruit. "You're spoiling all our shoot  ing records!"  ^I'm   doing  the hurt reply.  my  best,  sorr,'' came  Bang! bang! went the reports of the  rifles.  '' Now, look here, my manr'get down  and do your seven rounds on No. 7  target, and there'll be trouble for you  if  there is  no improvement!"  Inwardly reviling the wild moment  that; had prompted him to enlist,  O'Grady lay down to his task.  Apoplectic of features, the officer  blustered   up to   him   again.  "What target did you aim for?'.'  he yelled.  "No. 7. sorr, as you said."  "But you've hit No. 6 every time!"  shrieked  the other.  "Sure!" hotly retorted, O'Grady.  "AnV what does it matter? In war  time I might aim for a private and  hit   a   gineral:' "���������Answers. T  '' Nothing more was ever heard . of  them. They charged into the forest  and were lost to sight and sound. Not  one of them ever came back."���������-Sir  Ian  Hamilton's  report..  It is the talk of England, the -greatest mystery of the war, the charge  of the Fifth Norfolks, the king's own  servants, at Anafarta. The story how  these 260 'fardent souls" charged on  through the village of Anafarta and  completely vanished into the "forest of death" beyond is history that  some day may take its place beside  that of the immortal tale of Balaclava.  The "Lost Legion" it is called  today, but until the war is over the  fate of the men who went to battle  from the King's Sandringham estates  cannot be told. The King personally  has instituted every possible inquiry.  The American embassy in Constantinople has asked the Turkish government. The forest through which the  '' Lost Legion'' swept on in Gallipoli  has been searched time and time again.  There have been found no bodies,  no graves, no sign, except two small  pocketbooks, the property of Captain  William Beck, who commanded the legion. Captain Beck is missing, with  all of his command.  Meanwhile scores of cottage homes in  the royal Sandringham estates of West  Norfolk are in mourning. Wives,  sweethearts and mothers are wearing  crepe, but despite all this there is ever  the hope that some day the boys will  come marching home.  '' Perhaps they are prisoners of the  Turks; perhaps they weren't killed  at all, and perhaps "t���������it's the hope  against hope of the women of West  Norfolk.  The "Lost Legion" received its  baptism of fire before it set foot on  Turkish soil. It arrived off Sulva  Bay August 10 aboard the palatial  Aquitania from England. Turkish  machine guns and artillery ployed  the water about them as they were  being transported to shore, where they  landed safely and dug themselves in.  Two days later the men were ordered  to  clear the  Turks from Anafarta.  Colonel Beauchamp was at their  head with Captain Beck.' The attack  developed rapidly. Enfiladed by Turkish fire, many of them dropped wounded or dead, but the others swept on  through the village and into oblivion.  News has filtered through via Switzerland that thirteen of those wha  charged through Anafarta are prisoners in Constantinople. But it has developed that these men fell wounded before the mysterious darkness of  the forest was reached. Long before  Gallipoli was evacuated the Mystery  Forest was taken by the Turks. This  event Bealed the puzzle tighter than  ever. ,  Among those who charged with  Captain Beck, organizer 6i the Legion  and, for twenty years the king's estate agent, were the king's plumber, gardener, game-keeper, woodjnan,  golf foreman and scores of men in  lesser positions. Like their fathers  and their fathers' fathers, they had  been born  royal 'servants.  Every Sunday in=~all the parish  churches now prayers are said for the  safe, return of the missing ones. In  every cottage is a recent message from  the king:  "I heartily sympathize with you  who are left in suspense, but J am  proud tbat the battalion fought so  splendidly.''  Friday, March 3. 1916.  Save Money in Shipping Your Hou������4  hold Goods. ,  Going East or South, let CAMPBELL group your goods with others consign'  the same direction���������save 25 to 45 per cent, in freight charges by t&kii  advantage of regular car load rates. ,Let CAMPBELL explain to you  person. Goods shipped to any part of the-world, by steam or by rail at tj  very lowest possible rates. Sole , Agents for the Trans-Continental Freig  Company���������largest   concern  of its ' kind   on" this   continent.  Telephone   TODAY   for   free   information.  PACKING,   MOVING,   STOKING,' SHIPPING.  Campbell$torace (ompany  Qlbest and largest in Westertn Canada  TriWESi^M0UR736X) 0rre&857BEATTY_.SnuETj  X J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  , G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ftanufacturers  ���������s   Jobbing Carpenters  Painting:, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1066 Dunsmuir St. Vaneei  B.C.  A Good Honest Wear-  Resisting Boot  Made from leather bought by experts in the  best leather markets of the world. A boot  that won't run down at the heels or wear  through the soles, or give way to general  ''break down" four or five days after youVe  had it.  LECKIE BOOTS  a;re made.to gain PERMANENT customers,  and are not cheap "shoddy-made sale boots."  They are made to stand up and give you gefad  honest wear���������your dollar for dollar value.  There's comfortable fit, and good stjrle to a  LECKIE BOOT, too. Ask your dealer to show'  you LECKIES'���������name stamped on each pair. X  Um  Bussian Musicians  Leo, Jan and Mischel Cherniavsky,  the renowned violinist, pianist and  'cellist, have bad a fascinating cajv  eer.      -  The press opinions of Paris, Brussels, Berlin and Vienna, Moscow, Petrograd, Sydney and Melbourne, Auckland and Wellington, Cape Town and  Johannesburg, Bombay and Calcutta  are unanimous in their praise of these  Bussian artists.  The Cherniavskys have visited most  countries, giving concerts all.the while  and heaping upon themselves the golden opinion of. half the musical population of the globe. Prom 1900 to 1903  they toured throughout the length and  breadth of their native land, Bussia;  1906 saw them in Vienna, while 1906-7  were devoted to London and English  provinces. In 1908 they undertook  their first South African and Australasian tours under Edward Brans-  combe's management, visiting the former country a second and third time  in 1909 and 1911. They toured all  through India and the Far East in  1912,, and again in 1913 and 1914,  peached New Zealand for their return  visit at Easter, 1914, being back in  Australia in June the same year.  When one considers the^ quiet atmosphere ahd peaceful surroundings  which are usually -considered a necessity for the development of musical  gifts, one wonders at the Cherniavskys ' marvellous development.  Whilst travelling constantly, and  playing in public as necessarily,  they have had little time for practice and study; but genius has ever  been outside the laws which circumscribe ordinary mortals, and the  Cherniavskys have triumphed in  I spite   of   all obstacles.  Born in South Bussia, not far from  the Crimea, of parents who could not afford to pamper them, they did notfind a  bed of j roses in the beginning of their  lives as concert artists, but they  were not long in obtaining'recognition  from the public, which indeed came  to them at the age when most children  are  at  the kindergarten.  Most Britishers .find the name Cher-  nliavsky difficult to pronounce, but it  is really quite simply: Cher-ni-av-sky,  pronounced. Chair-nee-af-ske.  &oy Ring, son of J. O. gtog,  of 740 15th avenue east, who  was injured by a Victoria Road  car about a month ago, is reported to be improving, and will  soon-be out again.  At the Mount Pleasant Methodist church on Tuesday evening  there was -a-reunion of old-timers of Vancouver and vicinity.  The evening was passed by those  present in a reminiscent mood,  and many tales were told of  the early days. The ladies served refreshments.  That work on a new motion  picture theatre to be erected at a  cost of about $80,000, at the corner of Main street and Broadway, is to commence shortly, was  the announcement given out by  the National ^ Amusement Company last Tuesday. Mr. W. ,P.  Nichols, managing director of  the company, completed arrangements with Mr. Charles Bowman M. P. for North Bruce, Ontario for a long term lease of the  two Jots on the southeast coroner of Main and Broadway, which  are owned by; the latter. Plans  for the structure have already  been prepared and submitted to  Building Inspector Jarrett.  The building will be a four-  storey structure, and will hare  an approximate seating capacity  of 10u0. A fine pipe organ will  be installed, and., the stage will  be spacious enough to accommodate the larger stock companies.  An attractive entrance will be  placed on the Broadway front,  while the Main street side will  aft'ord ample opportunity for  several exits. .- /  :The   announcement   was   also  {made that the Broadway Theatre  now being  operated a  few feet  froin-'Main street, will be closed,  when the new theatre is. opened, which will probably be about  tbe first week in July. Mr. F-  Gow, manager of this theatre, has-  taken stock in the hew enterprise,  and his licence will be transferred to the new theatre.  Already a start has been made  on the new structure. The billboards which have occupied the  site for many months, are being  torn down, and a house in the  rear is also being demolished.  Graimdlvjiew  Last Friday evening, February 25, a public meeting was  held in the First Christian  church, corner of,' Woodland Dr.  and 14th avenue, under the auspices of the Macken branch of  the Women's Christian Temperance Union. Bev. I. W. Williamson was the speaker, and a musical  programme was  rendered.  In  St.  Saviour's   church on  Feb. 20th an additional list of  names on the church's honor roll  was read by Rev. Dr. Fea, the  rector, making 48 in all. They  are: Otto Crane, missing since  the battle of Langemarck, and  supposed killed; Messrs. Basil  Gunning, Albert T.Dix, Perry,  Banks, Catford, George Mardpn;  Leonard Lysight, Charles Fisher,  Hubert Shillingford, Charles Shillingford, Joseph, Shillingford,  Sergt W. Hale and Alfred Tho-  mas Binstead. ���������     "  Miss Mary Booth, of the Salvation  Army, says that at one of the base  hospitals in Frence, wheD a wounded  man is toTre sent home, three pieces-  of tape are tied to the foot of the  bed, and from that moment the patient can think of nothing else. A  similar 'phenomenon has been -obsery-,  ed in some of. the government offices  at home.���������Punch.  1


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