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The Western Call Apr 21, 1916

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IRISH  ASSOCIATION
���������*���*<;
.t^:.iii*i^secretaries - of" all> Clubs
^^d   Associations   (whether '���"�����<��������>.
iS����i��L;v;Migwu8- v or '-'political) '.* ��� ,as '
;^M"isU:yBh:;ip��iyaW'viidivid*dai^, are,
^&t$tea*Vt'->, ;-tsend " in ��� v injr.'it(wus';. of ���
^��^aeraV::;iiiteTesjt'' <each'^week im
iblicfitioni-'V:;;in''.' these .columns.
JiWfi&J inay5 :b(B' sent by mail or
;;;i^ned iri, and should.-reach this
ajjffice;'- not ;latier  than  Thursday
^MJabfetd'ensure publication. A-���:--������.'.
W^k:JTkkkJkk:kkAkkk:J':<
VATIVE WOMEN
���S'iSfiXi
���"v*** *<-X' X';'
i ^       FOEM   ORGANIZATION
IP^Kprrie&h"^
ij^^Mn:r^rc!et- ���: iB^d'($i^h.*^(Bnue
j|&fc|^eekjf^
am2ing JJ&k- Wdrhen's - Gonser^
Ij^;;!^^' -was ^la^ygood
ttendarice;"arid considerable-en*
^���-i5.,*5^;**v'i.-'.-ij:".*'-,/...*;���,-���, ��� .,-.������.:���..'*' *.,'������    -,* V ������   ��� :.*��� nv: ������ * ���������);* -XvX-
gurswell for the growth and in-
!in%iWd lof^he ^institution. xrThe
followingofficers weire electeid: ?
^President/ 'Mi^X^Io^
p3f^;^W&^
���^.Iiit,:;, ;.Mra|Sri3ij^|||ei^S;
|j$^taryf$
':k^jAJAjJfi^^
known ni^-mfe-^^^^
ant Methodiist cl^
denly; oii   Siiturdayiv evening at
her ! homeV* 1^76: v- 14ti&J$ 'iyeriue
^yest.; Interment^took jplace from
tlie   cKurcli   onkTnekd^Jaft.er-
noon.    a :;V'AiJkJk:J'A;AAA\"'''X*��� A:Ji-
On Tuesday evening laat Dr.
irell addressed the Twentieth
^eirtviiy Glub at Bellirighani on
V Canada, The; Land; o^ ; Oppor-
t-Unityj/'-' dwelling upon the re^
sources and possibilities of the
country and therftrture outlook
tor A:iJhej deyelopinenl ^ Xn^n-1
'Jhobd.AA::AAkj.AjkjkA:AAAk'AA-A^^^
lX.&~:*tti��i
Mti: _?leiteairty^
'tin:-J -Siting
will^:j^ewK:*;i-a^
^Sideligjit^
,of ;���;;; Jesus," y anay in *v:;t^:-; ;eyening
'���'gnA'r.' The yR^nrrec^
;I?*oJlp}(^^^^
'0r^e^JAkM-AAAA:'AkAAJkk
tre;��Burer,
at; the churches, the production
Iwomenyoi: Ww4f^iVe ;��^':;cbiv
hfliajly; -iiivitedy' "to lie present;
'ti&t:;;:|5Jm^:;*;^:^
i^he pastw ^il^
ling '���* ���jinlflf'V *eyening4" There,;, will:: be
specialXBaster music*; by the
choir, and in the evening believers-baptism.
''fS-.i
^-���ii!;;The:-:jt>i-m6M
I^h$; association^
���umbla:;::was^;;:^
Hall, on Thursday, the 13th inst,
Wt-k AkjkFA i&A[MftiMn^^
.sid^nt^ *in :th<^chwriX^
ij^er ^ro-^ine
been A transacted, an interesting
debate took place :; on J Woman's
Suffrage; in which Ci ;Ijove^ > J.
Rutherford,���:. Private> Burns,-A*.^
McAlinden, and others took part^
According to the ''.yiiBwis^^xp^iB^.
ed by the members, kin^J.la^^X:.
h^ye the Isympathy 6iJ!L^]0<B8o^
ciation. k'Jk-AJJAA JkjAkAAAkJX-i'
-::;\;Messra.*-';M^-J.^Creh^|;:;^'l^
'WeUy M&: ^r^-rta-b^^^,
-Oy;:IiO^;:;:-haVe:!;:;p
dress the association on the 27th
inist.; oil the Eahd' ii^^
on kB.0X3L
'���&:#������. ��� i���rAAmm^��.^.00M&^0
������   Easter rates of fare and one-
. _ _;e/ beettil|pp^p^i|^|Btj
^iJpilectiicpffl^^liE^^
;t-Mondj^$;g^gg;yi^ra
;are
on ttte>��iviu^i reached by
:.::   -'.     ���'���;;��� X'.*---^>e-;,*!;.-f'V.,-'   TV-T^?. ���*���. *���*���> vP^-''^'J'^^^i-'OI^':'^;V-t-^VX^
saeoi
$he. *?&$.'������ eeMJ'A^^Jk0':^
Golden Rule Mission Band of the
Mt. P|eas*^nt.'*^'et.ho^tf:*'^hurbh
are> holding their.;annua^^
bazaar.; JtocUiyk Thui^day, April
20j during the'afternoon and
evening. The bazaar will be
held in the banquet hall of the
church. A splendid programnte
has been arranged,
On Saturday evaning while
Mr. Efford was bxisy with customers in his store near Kings-
way, his bicycle was stolen from
the front of the store. This sort
M XhiweryXaj&sJ^
ther common lately in this district. ' x
Mr. W. Burns, an old-timer
of Mount Pleasant, has ' taken
over the shoe repairing business
of Mr. O. Wrennel, at 534
Broadway east, and intends putting in hew and improved machinery for doing fine custom
work.
Mr. M. It. Jewell, the printer,
of 111 10th Avenue west, has
gone to Kamloops oh the advice
of his physician, as he has been
critically ill for some weeks
past with pleurisy. Mi\ Jewell 's many friends here will
wish him  a speedy  recovery.
Hollist-er Jteview No. 9, Wo
men's Benefit Association of the
Maccabees, is to hold a dance
and social in the JS.. oi P. Hall,
on Friday next, April 28, dancing, 9 to 12. Alexandra Re-
,I^^No--I_is:.h.oid'-_iig,a^fancy^fair
in the same hall on Wednesday
evening next, for which an unusually good program has been
arranged.
Word has been raceived from
the front that Pte. George Blair,
of the 72nd Seaforths, has been
seriously wounded by shell fire
Pte. Blair was attached to the
ambulance section of the 72nd
and received injuries during
the recent severe fighting at St.
Eloi. Prior to going to the
front Pte. Blair, lived with his
aunt, Mrs. D. Campbell, at 743
13th* ave. east.
MERCHANTS DECLARE FOR
'���r^^A*-;'^:*^ff'f3^#:m'^^ -
R:yj::;*:::;^*;*^:-v-*^
&JJ.J:A}'%A$;\^MkW
:kk?JA&iiitW&0i.^kffi
propoSig Saturday at tte'mofiJuSiStle day wrying by a
Xllie meetiiig was largely^ a
debated for nearly two hc^jrf^i-^
busing in the oomiM^^^:^_p^ in the dlBCTu-
���tm808n^m\mi\A.W
.j.-mmr��^!*9K?W*~m?,'hiww^*wa9^ f wlw^WPWR.- '-f.f-^^m?i -^Tn *. TJiT " i&;
discussed at  some   length   this
f&V^ivi
llll^Mopxitain View cemetery. In
the suggested amendments " to
ih|t5-i; cemetery by-law, it was recommended that it be made im-
lawftilto solicit orders for monuments or kerbing, or for the
taking care of "graves, lots and
such work in the Mountain View
cemetery on Sundays. No person
shall be granted a licence in
respect of more than 26 contiguous lots, eight only of which
shall abut on a carriage road or
path; and the size of eachL lot
shall be four feet by nine ieet.
No interment other than that of
a human body shall be permitted,
iri the cemetery. Control over
transfer of private plots is to be
placed under the city authorities,
arid provision is made for overgrown trees or shrubs to be kept
trimmed, or removed. It was recommended that block 45; comprising 256 plots, be set aside
for the burial of returned^ sol-
���ijf.'.X
��� ������%���$/>-:
m
Sfti
rn&m*
Jimy':ihr.
The members of Hollister Re
view No. 9 Woman's Benefit
Association of the Maccabees,
met at the home of Mrs. J. A
Blythe, Eighth avenue Avest
this week in honor of the* departure of Mrs. D. A. Danforth, record keeper of the review for
the past two years, for Moose
Jaw. A pleasant social evening was spent, and during the
evening Mrs. Wm. Turnbull
made a presentation to Mrs.
Danforth on behalf of the review. The table was decorated
with daffodils and a variety of
games were indulged in by
those present.
On. Wednesday evening, April
26," a service of special interest
will be held in St. Michael's Anglican church. The preacher on
this occasion will be the Rev. W.
H. Griffiths-Thomas, D.D., of
Wyeliffe College, Toronto. He
is the author of a number of
well-known books such as "The
Christian Ministry," "Christianity is Christ," etc, and is one of.
the most effective speakers of
the Church of England in Canada. His subject will be, "Has
God Spoken?" The service will
begin at 8 o 'clock, and a cordial
invitation is extended to the
public.
...... J^tmaWi...  , 	
mmmimmmm
en by Mr. W. B. Owen^wdware merchant of Mount Pw^
was on Wednesday afternoon employees affected would not
be able to take their children out in the afternoon to the
parks and places of recreation as these children- were   at
School,      "   ;.-'. J..;r.r/-> ^
Mr. Harry Edgett, grocer of Hastings Street, then moved an amendment proposing Wednesday. He contended that
the outlying districts had generally declared for the Wednesday holiday and'that several of the outside store-kaep-
ers who had spoken- to him personally were of the
same  opinion.
"None of us," he said, "are making money and if Saturday is selected considerable money will be spent that we
will not get. At this time I am of the opinion that nothing should be put in the legislation whicn will interfere
with trade channels. I would propose tbat we decide on
Wednesday and give that day a test. If it does not prove
satisfactory then let us change to Saturday."
Mr. Bingham pointed out that all school children were
home at-3.30 o'clock and that there was ample^iime for fut-
chasing after that time.
Speaking against the selection of Saturday William
Dick pointed out that he had sent 25 telegrams to storekeepers from Victoria to Prince Rupert and that 21 were
opposed to Saturday and two were in favor of it, whil-a the
remaining three made no reply. He also pointed out that
he had a man count the pedestrians passing a given point
on Saturday night and on Friday night. The result was
that on Saturday the count showed 80 while on Friday in
the same time the count was 32.
^ The ooundl on
refused to endorse the recbriiiiien-
' ��� -.i rK.~J y.'rJ:r-irrr.i--r-:-,,ii
dation of the  health coiririiittee
whereby the residw^^ei^
Llectibn'-;6f':;:;imrtjX:*:;:':;;:X::^
    .-^ .-'.r'%''r?jr��,y!X*r.{i'*l
��.;rl,'-^fA^>?;;Sj:*A;^;J
given a .free collection
age   for   one   month   to assist
them in their cleanup efforts.   .
" *<   -   t 'l '
Mist  A*tikt% domestic  idenoa
teacher,   was   surprised at J heir?
home on Monday evening by$jw��
members of the South Vancouver
niglit schools, who have now finished their term,'-andkyraa preX
sented with a locket and chain
engraved as follows;: '���Pjpesferite*
by students of night school, Lord
Selkirk  School,   South  Vancouver, 1916."       ;-kWkWMM
xlS]
\A'S^:-V?A-i.
HB_
���A:.'\i''''J'.<'j
ift,
'r^'rr'jrr-
,'-.^';r;-.\C;'^8
r'.A'i.
WA
A\ th�� annual meeting of the
���*-v%WK
IMimmSkSSSM
In future all ito^t
are property owners and
working on the sewers must at
|^|expii^ of their first shift pw��
-Hufee a tax receipt froqj the^BOJU
Jfe^tor, ;indicatii�� payment of
Ja^^fbl^B^jrTCi^%e^
A week of special services is
being conducted by Rev. E- J.
Chave, pastor of the South Hill
Baptist church, 52nd avenue and
Fraser street. The subjects and
music are appropriate to the
various days of. the Passion week
On Monday next an Easter service of song will be rendered by
the choir and school.
Ex-Councillor W.  J.  Allen is
leaving this week for a prospecting trip in the Peace River
country. ,*^
A   social   evening   under the
auspices of the Ward VIII Conservative Club will be held in
Ashe Hall, corner of Nineteenth
avenue and Fraser Avenue, this
evening: at 8 o'clock.
time ago while on a visit to some
friends at Westminster.
Special Easter music will be
rendered in Mt.   Pleasant   Presbyterian church on Sunday.
After being  home  from    the
front for a few days, granted by
the authorities when it was
known that his wife had died
suddenly, arid that he had a lot
of private matters to attend to,
Sergt. George Sutton Atkins, of
the Canadian Army Medical
Corps, received an order to return to Quebec, and left on Monday icvening for that point en
route to the front. ��� Sergt. Atkins' wife died suddenly a short
Only the prompt action of the
South Vancouver fire department last Monday night prevented what would have almost certainly been a disastrous fire,
when the big Marfew Hall in
Cedar Cottage, a portion of one
of the most valuable blocks in
that district, caught fire and for
a time, fanned by, a stiff wind
which prevailed at the time,
threatened to get beyond the
control of the fire fighters who
were on the ground in,record
time following the alarm. The
fire broke out in the partitions
of the rooms under the hall occupied by Mr. Ewell as a barber
shopand billiard room, and the
blaze was hard to get at, but
was finally reached and got under control. The damage done
was not great. Stations 2, 3 and
4  responded to   the   call.
Sensational charges have been
made against Vancouver bakeries, which are alleged to have
been selling in South Vancouver a short weight loaf. Coun-
eilloT RusselF """brb^ghl^to^the
meeting a pair of scales on
which he weighed one of the alleged light loaves in the presence of the council. It was a
loaf fourteen ounces and it
weighed, on the scales only a
fraction over twelve. Several of
the councillors expressed great
indignation and it appeared that
trouble is in store for the bakers.   '
to be held from||fa^|p1^i'^
iiT&r^&cirew's rih*urci^
ade to take place on May, 13.
  ; i^X";
Every chair in the Fraser
Hall was fulled last Tuesday
evening at the concert arranged
by Engineer Bennett in aid of
the Canadian Patriotic fund, and
a programme of great merit was
presented by a number of So.
Vancouver artists. Coun. James
was in the chair. The program
Avas contributed to by the following: Miss Phyllis Keith, Miss
Eva Clifton, Miss Anderson,
Miss Dorothea Bennett, Miss May
Keith; Miss Layling, Miss Agnes Bennett. Mr. James Hamilton, Mr. Hogg, Mr. Bottom-
ley, Mr. Howard, Mr. "West and
Mr. Hunter. A feature of the program was the piano solos by Miss
Be'nnet, who presented a composition of her own which bore all
the hall-marks of a professional
competition. Encores were frequent .throughout the evening,
and the program, which was
very varied and well arranged,
was thoroughly enjoyed.
The appeal of Mrs. Emma Gold
against the assessment of her
property on Main street resulted
in a very large reduction being
made in the assessment.
With regard to the property
fronting on Main street, His
Lordship ruled that the corner
lots be reduced from $2,072,
which was the nett assessment, to
$500 per lot. The inside lots on
Main were assessed at $1298 and.
these were reduced to $400 per
lot. With reference to the lots
on Main street, the ruling of the
judgeTwas" that ^the" ^corriefs
should be reduced from $512 to
$300 per lot, and the inside lots
from .$448 to $250 per lot. Assessor Thompson, of South Vancouver, said that the decision
was a really serious one in his
opinion, not only for South Vancouver, but for practically every'
municipality in British Columbia.
It meant that no municipality
could assess a property for more
than it was worth or for more
than it could be sold for, and
in effect that would mean that
tliere could be absolutely no
element of permanency to the
assessment of a municipality. He
expressed' the opinion that the
Assesment Aet would have to be
filtered.
-,ii
A   communication   was   read
from iMr. C. Stuart Campbell-at
the meeting of the council on
Tuesday evening regarding the
statement presented to the council some time ago by Mr. A. H.
Seymour charging him with having received commission from
the sale to the sewerage board
of'materials. Mr. Campbell in his
letter declared the whole letter
to be a mis-statement written
wholly for political purposes and
contended that it should be
treated with contempt. He denied having received any commission whatever from the sale
lof any material to the board. 2  THE WESTERN GALL  Friday, April 21, 1916.  No poor words can do justice  to the noble women of the great  French Republic. Before the  war the great mass of the women were models of. good wives;  good' mothers, good housekeepers  and the friends and loving helpers of the poor or afflicted, but  there were certain classes of idle,  frivilous women of fashion giving up their lives to pleasure  and indulgence, which wealth  always brings in its train. Paris  and the large cities were the centres of luxury, wasteful expenditure, and selfish indulgence. Madame and her daughters spent  their days and nights seeking  new amusements, new ' ** distractions" to while away the idle  hours and banish boredom.  It was once said by a French  writer, "Paris is the heaven of  women and the hell of horses."  Assuredly the women were petted, spoiled, flattered and pampered, arid we fear the poor  horses of those days received  more blows than corn. Happily  all this is now  changed.;  How would women used to  such unhealthy moral surroundings behave when the demon of  war stalked the land? - The wiseacres shook their heads and prophesied social disaster and scandal. These croakers only looked  on the surface of things; the  painted faces, the perfumed woman of fashion, luxurious homes,  costly dresses, high living, diamonds, carriages and automobiles, but they forgot or never  knew the ardent patriotism, the  ceaseless energy, and the courage  of. the race. All the evil prophecies have been falsified.  At the first signal of national  danger,^ so soon as husbands,  sons, brothers', or fiancees were  summoned to save their land, the  mask fell off, frivolity and selfish pleasure were banished and  lo! the true women and their  true natures appeared.  When the war tocsin sounded  from every church steeple in  France, her women knew that  the hour of sacrifice had come,  from chateau and cottage all  were prepared to pay to the utmost the price of duty; luxuries  disappeared as if by magic; fine  dresses and jewelry were put  aside; with one accord all classes with stout hearts set themselves the task of helping to  defend by their helpfulness and  charity their dear Motherland  and their dear ones at the front.  There were no wringing of  hands, no tears, no complaints,  no idle, words. Every face was  aflame with hope and resolution.  GENUINE BARGAINS  Sacrifices that are not made from choice.  HOUSES  WEST BND-i-9-room strictly modern house on Barclay St.  west of Denman St. on full lot 66 by 131 ft. with a garage. House has hot water heat, finest selected pannel-  ling on living room and dining room, hall burlapped  and pannelled, reception room in expensive paper, the  4 bedrooms have washbowls with hot and cold water,  the large front bedroom'has artistic fireplace. Property  was formerly valued at $22,000. Today's price, $8,900.  On term3. ' l  HORNBY ST.���������Semi-business, 25 ft., in the first block  off Pender St., closest to Pender, with 10-room house,  rented, clear title, old time price, about $22,000. Today for $8,300.   Tterm.s  TAIRVIEW���������Fully modern 6-room bungalow, just off 12th  Ave. and East of Granville St. on lot 62% by 100 ft.  and garage. Has hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, buffet and bookcases, full basement with cement  floor. Assessed at $7,000. Sell today for $5,800. Mortgage, $4,000.   1V������ per cent. Balance arrange.  KITSHjANO���������8-room modern house on Dunbar St. north of  Fourth Ave. hardwood floors, buffet and bookcases, furnace, fireplace, bath and toilet separate, gas and electric light. Sold for $7,500. Today for $4,500. Mtge.  of $3,500. 8 per cent. Bal. arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������$450 buys equity to mortgage in 6-room  modern house on Bismark St. Has full basement, furnace, laundry tubs, pannelling, chicken house, cement  walks, erected 1911. Mortgage $2,400. 8 per cent. House  was   sold for   $4,500.  KITSILANO���������Most attractive 5-room bungalow, new, on  10th avenue, on full 33 ft. lot., has hot water heat,  hardwood floors, beam ceilings, pannelled walls, bath  and toilet separate, fireplace, basement cement floored  ���������_^_^and-extra-=toilet,. stone pillars in-frontj-cement walks,.,  best hardware. Price $3,500. Mortgage $2,000. 8 per  cent. Balance arrange.  GRANDVIEW���������On Third Ave. near Commercial St., 6-room  modern house and small house on rear, both rented, $20  a month, lot 33 ft. Today for $1,800. Mortgage, $1,000.  8 per cent. Bal. arrange] ������  KITSILANO���������3-year-old modern house on 8th Rve. on  large lot 66 by 132 ft., has hardwood floors, furnace,  fireplace, bath and toilet separate, valued at $6,000.  Today for $3,150. Mortgage, $2,100, 8 per cent., Bal.  arrange.  LOTS  STRATHCONA HEIGHTS���������A full 50 ft. lot in this glorious location, as a homesite you can't beat it. Formerly  held and sold here as high as $2,500, but owner hard up  sell for   $600.  POINT GREY���������On the brow of the hill near 22nd and  Balaclava, a great view, full 33 ft. lot, cleared, for $250  GRANDVIEW���������2 lots on 8th Ave. ner Burns St., cost  owner $3,150.   Sell for   $1,500.  FAIRVIEW���������50 ft. lot on 10th Ave. near Laurel St. for  $1000.  FOURTH AVE. WEST���������33 ft. near Trutch St. dirt cheap  at $1300. Also 50 ft. between Fir and Pine Sts. for  $2800.    Formerly  held at $17000.  HASTINGS ST. EAST���������25 ft. between Dunlevy and Jackson   for   $7600.  POINT GREY���������Beautiful high corner cleared on 34th Ave.  Strathcona Place cost $4000 for $1500. A splendid  homesite.  KINGSWAY���������33 ft.  near Nanaimo St.  for $450.  SOUTH VANCOUVER���������33 ft. lot near Wilson and Knight  for   $75.  ACREAGE  SURREY���������152 acres near Port Mann about 12 acres cleared on Hjorth  Road for $37 per acre.  BURNABY���������31/, acres about one-third cleared near Central  Park Station. Good location. Valued at $9,500. Today,  $3,000.  GIBSON'S LANDING���������10 acres between the Landing and  Roberts Creek 2 acres cleared, 2 slashed balance alder  and small fir creek through one corner. 3-room house  finished in beaver board, sink, water in house, 20 fruit  trees, 3 yeais' old, assorted and small fruits. Fine view  of Gulf. Price $1000 or will trade for clear, deeded  lots or house not too far out.  ALLAN BROS.  REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE  AND MINING.  510 PENDER ST. WEST  PHONE SEY. 2873  The vows then made that so  long as strength remained it  should be used to serve the land  they loved so well, have been  kept.  Seven millions of men have  been called to defend the motherland. Seven millions of. women  have filled their places behind  the ploughs, in workshop, in  Avarehouse or wherever men were  employed in peace time. Women  tram drivers, women farmers,  women bank clerks, police-women, all helping, all toiling, all  sacrificing. Here in England and  in Germany grumblers wail over  high cost of living, and because  the state machine does not work  so smoothly in war as in peace  time. Let the grumblers come to  France and feel ashamed!  In France the average cost  of living is double that of peace  times, in England about fifty  per cent, higher. Thrifty and clever as are the women the average French woman is underfed;  she sees that her children have  enough and shares her short allowance with a less prosperous  neighbor. Charity, state-aided  charity, she will none of it. The  food given as charity would  choke her; her pride would* suffer. Thank heaven there are  none of those degrading and demoralizing institutions ���������: /workhouses in * France.  Hundreds of thousands of women live on half a dollar or less  a day. Think of it! try and  realize what half a dollar a day  means, for food, rent, and all  expenses, yet none complain.  They suffer with a smile on  their thin intelligent faces!  In recording the noble deeds  of self-sacrifice of French women  it is a duty and pleasure to pay  a special tribute to the women  .formerly belonging to the religious orders, the nuns, little sisters of the poor���������all have done  their duty and will do so to the  end.  "While the men are fighting'^Eor  national liberty, while they are  falling daily, defending the frontier, the women are bravely  fighting poverty and sickness,  Keeping home ready and waiting,  possessed of infinite patience,  the dawn of that day when the  war-worn and war-soiled warriors will return, if God so wills  it, to their loved ones. Heaven  grant that day be near at hand!  RUMANIA AND  THE WAJt,  The reports of Rumania's intention ,to enter the war multiply in  numbers and definiteness. To some  extent, no doubt, they are the reflex of the growing confidence  among the allies���������a confidence greatly strengthened by the failure, so  far, of. the German assault upon Verdun���������that the spring will see them  on the high road to victory. Next  May is now specifically indicated as  the date when Rumania may lay  aside her neutrality. After the experience of the last eighteen months  one becomes skeptical about all such  forecasts. Rumania nas. disappointed  already many and equally explicit  prophecies as to the time and manner  of her intervention. She may do so  again. A year ago she seemed on  tlie very verge of a decision. After the deatli of King Charles, and  Turkey's plunge into the war, and  the Russian occupation of Bukowina,  further hesitation appeared impossible. Yet the statesmen of Bucharest  have contrived to hold aloof, even  though the war since then has raged  along their very frontiers. Why now  should the allies be ��������� entertaining  such strong hopes that at last she  is about to move?  The reasons are to be found partly in the., accumulating signs of Turkey 's prostration aud of Russia's  renewal of strength, partly in the success of the allies in establishing  around Saloniki a position which will  fully engage the whole power of the  Bulgarian army, and partly in the belief that neither Germany nor Austria can undertake another Balkan  expedition. What does all this amount  to? It amounts to something like a  pledge of security. The situation has  so far changed that it is now much  more possible for Rumania to take a  hand in it without incurring the fate  of Belgium and Serbia. What up to  now has held her back has been simply a prudent care for her own safety. Germany, last year, had by far  the better of the diplomatic struggle  in the Balkans because she could inspire fear by force, while the allies  could hold out only . promises and a  future they were powerless to guarantee.       What   was   the   use of   Rus  sia's offering to; restore Bessarabia  if at the end of the'" war there, was  no Rumania to receive it? What was  the use of dwelling on the ill-treatment of the 3,000,000 Rumanians in  Transylvania if the effort to rescue  them were to cost the life of the  Rumanian  state?  There is no doubt where the bulk  of the Rumanian people stand in this  war. Their sympathies are strongly  with the allies. There is no doubt,  either, that to regain Bessarabia  and to unite in a single state the  12,000,000 Rumanians who at present live under three different rulers  are ambitions that powerfully appeal  to Rumanian sentiment. But the  statesmanship of Bucharest has long  been noted for a cautious opportunism. It has never shown any fondness for taking long chances. If now,  as seems not unlikely, the Rumanian  leaders are coming around to the op  posite view;- it is because they are  convinced that the tide has turned,  that the Central Powers cannot win,  and that Rumania may gain all on  which her heart is set without any  excessive sacrifice. Should that indeed prove to be her estimate of the  situation and should she then throw  in her lot with tho allies, it would  be a development of the utmost significance.  RENTAL   USTINpS  We are having a number of calls for five and seven room  houses, in different parts of the City. We shall be glad  to have your listings. No charge unless results obtained.  See our Rental Department.  North West Trust Company, Limited  Wt  Seymour 7467.  509 Richards St.  JUST  A   COINCIDENCE  IN this advanced age of wireless  telegraphy, telegraph cables and  fast mail liners, it is brought home  closer to us every day we live that  this little old world is after all a  small place. But never more forcibly  were we impressed with this idea  than  last Friday afternoon..  Through the courtesy of Cartoons'  Magazine, a Chicago publication, J  P's Weekly arranged to publish a ser-1  ies of cartoons as sketched by the  world ?s leading artists. Among the  artists who will-.contribute to the  readers of this weekly are Louis Rae-  makers, Bernard Partridge, and others  who are known the world over. Our  initial cartoon published in last  week's issue depicted the Coming of  Spring in Europe, from the pen of  John R. Flanagan, which appeared  originally in an early February edition of the Sydney Bulletin. The  cartoon was reproduced by Cartoons'  Magazine in  their April  issue.  It was shortly after the lunch hour  last Friday when the office door  flew open and in marched a dapper-  looking individual carrying in his  hand several copies of the weekly  which but an. hour previously had  been delivered to the news-stands.  He appeared, to be somewha**; flustered  and quite naturally we figured that  he had not approved of our editorial  on compensation, and other burning  questions which we had reviewed, and  had come to lodge a protest. After  several years' experience in an editorial department, we haye become  hardened to such occurrences, and  in our most pleasant manner, asked  what might be his trouble. "I  haven't any troubles, my friend,''  he said, and a smile hovered on his  lips. While we were entrenched behind a formidable counter, just another case of preparedness, our fears  were instantly expelled.  "Would you be kind enough to tell  me what issue of the Cartoons Magazine this cartoon was reproduced  from?" he asked, and when told that  it was in the April issue, he immediately started to figure on a piece  of paper. "I have seen this cartoon  before somewhere. I believe it was in  the Sydney Bulletin. I just arrived  this morning from' Sydney on the  liner Makura and coming up from the  wharf I fancied I recognized the  cartoon as -originating in- the Land  of the Southern Cross, and after a  three weeks' trip across the Pacific,  I just naturally was happy to see  something from home. It brought  home to me that I was still within  touch of New South Wales, and I  will remember Vancouver and particularly your Weekly for it. My homesickness immediately vanished. I  am going to New York and this little incident will undoubtedly give m,e  greater courage to renew my endeavors in a foreign  field."  Naturally I was interested. "Do  you know tlie artist who drew the  cartoon I asked, thinking that surely he would not take such an interest if the work was from the pen of  a stranger. "Yes," he replied, "I  know him very well." He took out  his card before leaving and dropped  it on the counter. I picked it up  and on its face read, "JOHN* R.  FLANAGAN.", Sydney,  N.  S. W.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per cent,  to  7 per cent.  Rents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life,  Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hapttngs St.  West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  / Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUOQIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOL.J3SA.LE ANP RETAIL.  back beyond the control of their riders. This lull gave "the boys" a  chance of escape; and, added the  soldier earnestly, "I wasn't the only  one that saw them, Sister, and I  don't think any of us can feel just  the same after."���������From, the Nursing  Mirror.  JESS WILLARD S EDUCATION  An Echo from Mons  The testimony of a nurse who had  been brought into contact with one of  the soldiers from the battle of Mons  was alluded to recently by a preacher  in a suburban pulpit. In the course of  her ministrations to her patient, said  the speaker, she mentioned the name  of the Almighty, adding, as an afterthought, "but perhaps, like some of  the other men, you don't believe in  God?" "I used not to do so," .was  the quiet reply, "but Mons changed  all that"; and the nurse felt, as she  listened to the plain, unvarnished words of the young fellow, how intensely he felt the reality of his  experience. He and some other men  were in a chalk-pit and they knew  that the German cavalry were approaching. Suddenly he looked up,  attracted by the bright light around  the edge of the pit, and saw distinctly the groups of guardian angels. The horses of the enemy saw  them, too, and turned round, refused   to advance,  and ultimately  rushed  WE have followed with the  keenest interest and that  __���������____^. measure -of- approbation -the  circumstances appeared to warrant the  efforts of certain patrons of the  manly art to educate and instruct  the Kansas Mountain, Jess Willard,  in the duties and obligations devolving upon him as the heavyweight  champion of the world. Mr. Willard  achieved his present distinction  without the preliminary training  that has heretofore been considered  essential in his calling, and it is not  to be wondered at that he should  lack certain of the characteristics  indissolubly associated with, his high  position.  Mr. Willard's blunders, according  to the code of those who now seek  to correct his manners, flow from  a. fundamental incapacity to recognize  the inherent beauties and captivating  qualities of unthrift. To this wc attribute his shocking sobriety, a sobriety that plunges into gloom the  proprietors of a hundred drinking  places accustomed to extend their  hospitality to masters of; the ring  and to welcome their followers with  the glad salute of the aetive cash  register. It is even reported, though  the judicious will hesitate to accept  so injurious an aspersion, that Mr.  Willard does not celebrate a success  with the mitts by getting exceding-  ly drunk and remaining in that condition for a number of days. His as  sailants declare that instead of disbursing his money among the eager  friends whose society may be attained by the careless bestowal of bounty,  this crude invader from the west  counts it carefully, and confides it to  the care of persons whose shocking  dispositions lead them to demand collateral when they are approached for  loans.  It has been, further alleged that  when Mr. Willard has accumulated  a sum sufficient, in his judgment, for  a successful investment in real estate and live stock, he casts about  for an opportunity to set it at work  for him, with the sordid purpose of  avoiding,   in his   old age,   the neces  sity   of   imploring   charity   from  hisl  friends. He even has the audacity to]  contemplate   serjously    the   probabili-'  ties of   the future,   when his   present I  earning capacity will not persist, and '  to  endeavor  to  lay up  a  sum against'  that   unfruitful time.   Instead of   laboring for a future state of  beggary,  he   has the temerity   to   seek   an   independence that in  the. eye of his instructors   must  be  disgraceful because  it is- to be bought  at the expense of  immediate   display  and debauchery.  In what degree the efforts to  eradicate -the-vice^of-thrift from -Mr.;  Willard have been successful we have  no personal knowledge. We judge,  however, from the rumors pervading the town, that he has proved a  dull pupil. There are insistent reports that not a few amiable persons  devoted to the pleasant practice of  extracting loans of a permanent nature from persons of notoriety and  easy habit have approached Mr. Willard on numerous occasions to meet  calm, rebuff not calmly accepted; that  the promoters of several plausible  swindles have labored to interest his  pocket-book in their plans without  making notable progress; and that ;a  large bod}' of ingenious gentlemen  perfectly willing to turn his prowess  to their monetary advantage chilled  by his vulgar demand that they reveal exactly what their plans promised for him. There seems indeed,  little basis on which to grouud the  expectation that Mr. Willard had profited by the chances for improvement that have been laid before him,  and there is reason to-believe that  he will continue as he now is, a singularly unsympathetic figure among  those zealous friends of the prosperous  who would rejoice to see him unstrap  his bill fold.  Regrettable though it may be to  those more or less polite grafters,  blackmailers and parasites of both  sexes and all conditions of disrepute  who have been accustomed to line  their pockets and fill their stomachs  at the cost of eminent pugilists, tho"  outlook for their future so far as it  involves contributions from Mr. Willard is not bright. He appears to.  be hopelessly set in the middle class  ways of frugality, self-denial and  forehandedness; his eyes are closed  to the benefits of intemperance anil,  the appealing popularity that attaches to the spendthrift; and the  most ardent speculators or other  seem doomed to ply their arts in  vain on the man who brought the  championship of the world back to  the  white race.���������The  New  York   Sun. f.lS~,^'i^fcjS.^C&miOTit4r.M74J^i"iT^^  7*rr  jjaiii'ii ���������  f  ____  *���������"���������-".���������".-  | Friday, April 21, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  3*^  Movies Instead of Saloons  (By the Secretary of the Balboa  Amusement Producing Co.)  And now the moving pictures  ire branded a menace to the liquor business; for, from the Cincinnati    headquarters     of    the  rholesale Liquor Dealers' Asso-  jiation comes, a protest that the  ���������screen producers are giving their  |industry the worst of it in many  jhotoplays.  "What are we going to do  [about the Movie Menace?" asks  TMida's "Criterion," the official  organ of the wine and liquor interests. It continues: "That's  its name (Movie Menace)���������in  capital letters. It is the subtle,  insidious, back-door gossip of the  industry, and it has made a million hammers, but not a solitary  horn, for the liquor business.  There you have it, straight  from the shoulders, what the  booze champions think about the  influence of moving pictures.  They are as a million hammers,  without a single horn among  them for the liquor traffic.  Were it possible to get a  stronger endorsement of the influence exerted by the silent  drama for morality and reform?  ,1 think not. In visualizing the  havoc wrought by liquor, the  screen is making it unpopular.  It  is  decreasing  the  volume  of  liquor business to such an extent that those engaged in it  view with alarm the inroads of  the screen. So much so that to  them the movie is become a menace���������  But that is .not the only reason why the liquor dealers regard the increasing popularity  of the moving picture as hostile to their interests. The truth  of the matter is that their patrons are growing steadily less;  for the .picture show has come  to be the recreational evening's  substitute for many a man. Formerly, many used to frequent  the saloons at night because they  had no place else to go. It was  called "the poor man's club."  Now, large numbers of these  have found that they can get  far more for the small amount  they have to spend of an evening by attending the movies.  Many don't go alone. They take  their families. Thus the picture  show has helped to promote domestic unselfishness. That it is  pinching the liquor traffic is  plainly exposed by the protest  referred  to.  The strange thing about all this  is the conflict of interests arising. In the. demand for censorship, you have two forces diametrically opposed to each otheij  advocating censorship of. moving  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS ?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged hy other dentists has  hitherto prevented you having your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTISTRY AS I PRACTICE IT  Ig ABSOLUTELY DEVOID 0p?AIN   -  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  ..to all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer Painless  Dentist     COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  pictures. They are the churches  and the saloons. Both of them  unite on demanding that the same  sort of scenes be eliminated, but  for entirely opposite reasons.  Mida's "criterion" objects to  bar-room scenes, brothels, cabarets, etc., where "you will see  liquor in its worst aspects" and  regrets that "the movies fail to  show liquor in its other light���������  at the banquet, at the clubs, in  the home, except where the use  of liquor sets the stage for the  commission of some felony."  The reformers aid well-meaning advocates of screen censorship assert that the use of the  sort of scenes that the liquor  people would have us eschew,  serves to undermine morality and  tends to mislead many who  would not otherwise know of  such things. One party must be  wrong. In my opinion it is the  reform element.  There is ground for. the wail  of the liquor people, because  when you visualize the terrible  effects of alcohol, you burn into  the minds of. all spectators a lesson such as the fewest would get  from reading ",'a temperance  tract or hearing a prohibition  lecture. The fact is brought home  as never before.  The truth of the matter is that  at last the saloon has a competitor which competes. For a very  small outlay, the picture show  affords an evening's real amusement, something which the saloon never did. I grant you  that all pictureplays may not be  on the highest plane desirable.  But give the industry time. It  is young yet. Childlike, it is now  learning to walk. Yet, at its  worst, I do not believe that the  entire output of photoplays to  date has done as much harm as  a single "dive where liquor is  sold in a big city.  In this discussion of the issue  raised by the National Liquor  Dealers' Association, I do not  want to be uderstood as condemning all people in it. This is  not a personal matter. Hence,  there is no merit to the point  which the "Criterion" seeks to  make in favor of the cause of  liquor by declaring that most of  the actors in pictures as well as  their producers use liquor. This  is entirely beside the question and not a determining argument on either side.  "The movies have made a goat  of liquor," the Criterion goes  on, "and they continue to make  it a greater goat���������the grand-dad  of all goats. And they go unchecked. They say the people  want.Jt.iX-_,_._,_,.._,i..,__,,,._..-^:*;_-_1;i_^,-_.^i  There the nail is hit on the  head. The friends of liquor are  growing steadily fewer. But the  falling off began before the advent of the movies. In my humble opinion, the liquor people  committed a tactical blunder  when they started out to discredit the screen, hoping thereby  to reap a benefit. The great majority of people are decent, and  as such for the clean and uplifting. In all its career, the liquor  people have always been opposed to that element. Hence, when  they would shame an influence  like the movies as being deleterious, the thoughtful will begin to spy around for the "nigger in the woodpile."  On this very subject, the Rev.  Charles Stelzle, New York's well  known preacher-laborite, recently had an illuminating article in  The Independent entitled "Movies Instead of Saloons." The  conclusion was entirely in favor  of the picture show as being a  force for goocUin the community,  with splendid possibilities for replacing the saloon as an evil  institution.  In their letter of protest, the  associated liquor dealers say that  "many of the pictures are gross  exaggerations built only on the  abuse of liquor. They .are absolutely false, misleading and untrue."  The statement is just what it  charges against the screen���������absolutely false, misleading and untrue. If liquor has a good side,  it remains to be shown. True,  some people can use it temperately; but it remains a curse to  the majority. And anyone who  knows���������and that surely includes  the liquor dealers themselves���������  knows that it would be impossible to exaggerate the use made  of liquor in some saloons, dives  and brothels and the depth it  sinks people to who indulge in  it..  The truth of the matter is that  the devil's tail has been twisted  and now he's hollering. Pious-  like, the liquor people are trying  to put the picture producers on  the defensive; when, in truth,  we are prosecuting a powerful  educational and reformative influence. Instead of being hampered, I feel that we are entitled  to the support and encouragement of all forces for uplift and  righteousness, on the strength of  the charges made against us by  the liquor dealers.  As it looks to me, the issue before the people is "pictures or  liquor." I say this advisedly, for  the whole contention right now  hinges on censorship. As we., are  making photoplays, there is an  effort to portray certain phases  of life as it is. You can't make  a picture of any sort without  light and shade. Compell us to  cut out the darker side in  which liquor figures strongly���������  and you destroy the story. I  mean the lesson. I do not believe any producer of consequence introduces liquor or any  seamy phase of life just for mere  wantonness. It is there because  it plays a part in the life we are  trying to reflect. But censor  our pictures and you hush up the  very thing that the powers of  darkness want soft-pedalled. In  other words, you play into the  very hands of the liquor dealers,  thus  prolonging liquor's sway.  Rather than a menace, as  charged by the liquor dealers, I  believe that moving pictures are  a benefit.  Long Distance  Telephone  Appointments  You can make an appointment at any time to talk on  the long distance telephone.  Tell Central when it will be  most convenient for you, and  she will arrange to have the  the party wanted at that  time.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited.  THE LANGUAGE OF APES  Next time you visit a monkey house  at   the   park, try   shouting:  "Chu-h! Our'h?" ("Listen. Where  are   you?")  And see whether some sociable  chimpanzees hanging by their tails  from the cage roofs do not answer  with   a rapid:  "Eu-nh!"   ("Here.")  They should, if you choose an intelligent monkey), and if the theory  of Prof. Richard Lynch Garner regarding his new "Monkey Lexicon"  is   correct.  Professor Garner is the scientist  and Africa explorer  strated that, monkeys have a language���������or rather several languages  ���������all their own. He plans returning  to Africa within the next few weeks,  but will leave behind him his recently compiled dictionary of the monkey   languages.  Here are some common words he  picked up by listening to the ourang-  outangs and observing what they  did  when they chattered:  Qhui���������Want.  Our'h���������Where are   you?  Khi-iu���������Look   out.  Eu-nh���������Here.  Khi-iu-hou���������Retreat.  Ch-h���������Hark. What?  For more than a quarter of a century Professor Garner has been making a study of the animals that Darwin   declared  were  our ancestors.  Ten years ago he sailed on his  fourth trip to Cape Lopez, in Western Africa, his purpose being to  iearn the -habits of the chimpanzee  in its wild state and to discover whether the ape also is able to distinguish   color   and  forms.  For seven years Professor Garner  lived in, a bamboo hut in the heart  of the jungle, with only two native  servants and wild animals for companions. During that tima lie demonstrated to his entire satisfaction that  monkeys can talk, and that the giant  gorilla, which walks upright like a  man, and the chimpanzee, also, have  a language  of their own.  'While in the jungle during his  coming trip, Professor Garner will imprison himself In a steel cage, too  strong for the mighty arms of the  gorillas to rend apart, and from  which he can listen night and day to  the strange inflections of the monkey   voice.���������From   the   Boston  Post.  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd  ENGINEEBS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  Hotel Manager���������Would you like  some views of the hotel to send to  your   friends?  Guest���������No, it will be better for me  to   keep   my views to myself.  THE JITNEY "HAVEN"  (By   Allen F.   Grewer)  Once upon a midnight dreary,  As I lingered sore and weary,  With  an  air  both  dull and  bleary,  There    beneath    the   street    lamp's  glare.  Came a jitney  with   a clatter,  As the rain began to spatter,  And my  teeth  did jar and   chatter,  Passing by my corner there.  Then anon I clambered in it,  Tho   'twas crowded  to  the   limit,  And I spiaw.'ed o'er feet within it,  Still the jitney stopped for more.  Then   a   gink did up   and  stutter,  As the  jitney  dodged  the gutter,  'Bout  the   trolleys did  he  sputter,  Raved and knocked them evermore.  Told  us  how   by jitney traffic,  We would   all  have  seats  specific,  Waxed his words "then most terrific," ~  Should   we   stand!   No!   nevermore!  But we struck  a  deep-sea  puddle,  Then our motor came befuddled  In the rain we were were all huddled  Passed  by  trolleys  by  the   score.  Tinkered we full many a minute,  While the rain did spatter in it,  And   my  curses   fell infinite,  Curses   on   the   jitney   tribe.  Forthwith   will   I   heel   that folly,  Nevermore for jitneys dally,  Nevermore    revile    tho    trolley,  Tho't be cursed by many a scribe.  (With many apologies to Edgar Allen  Poe).  HELPED FORGE BOND  New German   National Anthem  According to German papers, a  new German national anthem is to  be adopted in place of the present  "Heil dir im Siegerkranz." One report says that the Kaiser himself intends to write the words for this new  national hymn, and that Richard  Strauss is to provide the music. The  ossisehe Zeitung says, however, that  the new anthem is to be obtained by  open competition. "Heil dir im  Siegerkranz" was written by Hein-  rieh Harries, a Holstein clergyman,  for the birthday of Christian VIL,  of Denmark, and was published in  The Flensburger Woehenblatt of Janr  uary 27th, 1790, to the melody of the  English "God Save Great George the  King." Originally in eight stanzas,  it was reduced to five and otherwise  modified for Prussian use by B. G.  Schumacher, and in this form appeared  as a "Berliner Volkslied" in The  Spenersche Zeitung of December  17th, 1793. The reasons now given  for finding a substitute are the English origin of the tune and the badness of the text. Probably it is the  first named offence which has rendered it intolerable to German ears at  the present time, for the words are  are quite sycophantic enough to  please the All-Highest.  Suspicious.  "I saw Binks in church this morning. It's the first time he's been there  in years."  '' "Where do you suppose he's been  spending his Sunday mornings?"  "You can draw your own conclusions. He entered the church by the  side   door."  The Lazy Servant.  Once there was a lazy servant who  wished she was rich.  So a fairy appeared and gave her a  lamp.  "Rub that lamp," explained the  fairv, "and vou can have what you  want." "      '  But the lazy servant was not impressed.  "It's just a scheme to get the brass-  work polished," she yawned.  And so her fortunes remained as  they were.  "-\  Count Balzani, the eminent Italian  authority on mediaeval history, was  one of those whose career has helped to forge a bond of union between the Italy and the England of  today.  His most important undertakings  was the publication, in conjunction  with Signor 3. Giorgi, of the first  complete critical text of the. famous  Registrum Farfense, one of the most  valuable- sources for Italian history  from Lombard times to the end of the  eleventh century. It is the only authority known for the early history  of the duchy of Spoleto, and is now  considered indispensable for the history of Rome in the tenth and ele-  venth^centuries. .Extracts-fronL^the^re^^--^  gister had been published previously  by Mabillon, Muratori and others, but  no complete edition had appeared  until Count Balzani and his companion were enabled Ito bring theilr  scholarship to bear upou the work,  thanks to the munificence of the Roman Historical Society. The register,  as edited by them, appeared in five  volumes, folio in Rom.e between 1879  and 1914, under the title of "II  Registo di Farfa compilato da Grc-  goria   di  Catino."  Count Balzani married an Irish lady  and enjoyed a complete command of  English. He was elected a member of  tho Athenaeum Club and held the  honorary degree of D. Litt. of Oxford. He was a contributor to tho  eleventh edition of tlie Encyclopedia  Britannica, and wrote the volume entitled "The Popes and the Ilohen-  staufen" in the "Epochs of Church  History" scries, edited by Bishop  Crcighton, while he himself translated into English his "Le cranache  Italianc del medio evo," and published Bryce's "Holy Roman Empire"  in Italian.  r THE WESTEBN  GALL  Friday, April 21, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY  FRIO AT  By the  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  ALL AGAINST GERMANY-  WHY?  The question is often discussed, both by Germany's avowed  enemies and by her hyphenated  friends on this side of the water,  ''Why is the entire rest of the  world, the neutral countries as  well as the enemies of Germany,  so hostile in its sentiments toward that Empire?" Why are  foreign countries meeting them  with unbridled hatred, or at least  with marked  distrust ?  The anti-Germans say she is  hated because of the Prussian  militarism. But Germans themselves���������that is to say, the best  German authorities���������assert that  of the three greatest military  states (Russia, France and Germany) Germany occupies only  third place in point of the cost  of her armament.  The truth is that not the mere  cost or the possible efficiency of  German armament, but the spir  it, motive and ideal of their  militarism, has made them already the deadly enemy bf freedom and democracy. The dominant psychology of the German  ruling classes and the consequent  submission of the people to  their -autocratic rules makes it  impossible for democratic peoples like Great Britain, France  and the United States to trust  Germany. The very impotence  of the German people causes ail  free people to hold Germany as  th������ natural foe of liberty. All  nations are against Germany be--  cause, in its present mind, she is  against the liberty and peace of  all nations.  THE J������EESIPEWTIAL ELECTION  The interest in the coming presidential election in the United  States is increasing, both in Europe and in Canada, as the time  approaches. That the election will  be one of world-wide importance  is being realized more and more,  in that the result will show the  real feeling of the people in  that country with regard to the  war.  The loss of Amei'iean property and lives and the remarkable  depreciation of American pres-  .^-tige, abroad due to the present  administration's weak foreign  policy will give the Republican  party a live issue for the contest of the coming election. The  criticism of the present administration is perhaps nowhere more  acrid than right in the United  States, and from present indications there is more than a mere  possibility of Roosevelt being the  people's choice at the November  elections. Roosevelt      would  rouse the nation to action as no  one else could do, and it is the  opinion of many that under his  rule the interests of humanity  would be better served and the  behaviour of Germany on the  high seas would be much less intolerable. If that is the case the  world at large would reap the  benefit.  years. It is safe-, to say that  there are iio plays, no folk tales,  no sayings in English prose or  poetry today that are .half as  familiar to the mass of the English speaking people as are these  same thirty-six productions of  the pen and mind of William  Shakespeare. His. vision was so  broad and so clear that it extended far down into the fu-.  ture centuries, making his viewr  point of the sixteenth century  fully as applicable to the situations in which we find ourselves  today.  It must not be forgotten, however, that Shakespeare did hot  write for the library but for the  stage, and it is only when interpreted by living actors of ability and personality that his  works live before our eyes and  give forth their wealth of hidden meaning.  It has been suggested by many  scholars of the day that the  interest in Shakespeare as produced on the stage is declining  rapidly, citing as they do, the  adverse experiences of many  theatrical managers in New  York who have sent out elaborate productions of Shakespeare  plays in recent years to their  financial loss. The public, however, is not entirely to blame for  this. If the dramas of Shakes-  peare were presented with simple scenic environments and  without the lavish display and  spectacular scenic effects which  so often accompany them, these  dramas would soon come into  their own again, just as in the  olden days. Many of these  modern attempts to embellish the  Shakespearean drama are, to  use the words of the poet, an  attempt "to refine pure gold, to  paint the lily." It is noteworthy that the simple productions  of Ben Greet as seen throughout  America a few years ago were  at once an artistic and a financial success.   '.** ...'[   *.'  It is to be hoped that the  Shakespearean revival throughout the world will result in a  more intelligent reproduction of  the drama on the stage, in the  schoolroom and in the home,  and that the so-called kid glove  interpretation of Shakespearean passages, will speedily pass  away, to be supplanted by a  virile and artistic presentation  that will do much towards a return of the popularity of his  plays.  States, sales of high-grade ore  were made recently on a basis  of .$115 per ton. Speller continues to command high" prices in  eastern markets, the range being  from 16 cents for June deUveries  to 18 cents for spot.  The Young Conservative Association offers to the young, men  of Vancouver an unequalled  opportunity for social intercourse, the study of political  questions, and intelligent helpfulness. These are important  days in the history of Canada.  Every young man should share  in the organization of the country and in handling the problems that are coming up for so  lution. Young blood is needed  now as it never was before, and  there is room enough "for the  energies and  activities of  all.  The weekly report of weather  conditions in Vancouver for the  week ending April 18th, as handed in by Weatherman Shearman,  is as follows:  Rainfall: 1.40 inches.  Sunshine: 26 hours, 54 min.  Highest temperature: 60 deg.  on April 16.  Lowest temperature: 38 deg.  onApril 15.  ada's great national ports. Exaggerated criticism by local persons, who seem to. f.orget5 that  that various competing sections  of . Canada are always- oh'the  look-out for statements to con:-  firm their prejudices against the  west, do not help Vancouver.  Members of'''parliament:-on' both  sides of the hoiise were surprised  to hear that hot a cent had been  spent on Vancouver hai-bor before the present government  came into power. Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., was of great assistance to me in my negotiations.  He is without doubt one of the  hardest working members in the  house and always on the alert to  further the best interests of his  large constituency. One has to  go to the capital to realize the  amount of work he does and the  attention he gives to the smallest details."  PICKING THE  SOLDIERS POCKET  VANCOUVER'S SEAPORT  FACILITIES UNEXCELLED  SHAKESPEARE  TERCENTENARY  Three hundred years ago this  Easter day occurred the death of  William Shakespeare of immortal memory ��������� the greatest  poet and the master mind, of  modern time. April 23 had also  been his birthday, as tradition  has   it.  Shakespeare came of an ancient family, and has bequeathed  immortality to the little village  of Stratford, where he was born,  and where he   spent   his earlier  A lady who has been travelling through the country says  she has yet to find a man or woman not in favor of consci'ip-  tion. Was she travelling by aeroplane? ^  * #   ���������  Marconi has invented an apparatus to increase the effectiveness of air fighters. Genius can  destroy life as well as save it,  as the enemy is due to find out.  # *    ���������  The consensus of, opinion  seems to be that Saturday afternoon is the logical half-holiday. In that case we would like  to see the government take immediate action so that the clerks  and their employers may derlv.'  some   benefit from the act   this  season.  ��������� *    *  The Anti-German League,  which has for its platform "No  German labor, no German goods,  no German influence. Canada for  the Canadians," is doing good  work. All patriotic Canadians  are invited to become members  and help break up Germany's  power for evil. Mr. C. H. Black-  more, 1.52 Bay St., Toronto, is  the secretary.u .  Zinc is becoming almost as attractive a metal as copper, with  the increased demand for. the refined metal. This is keeping  pace with the heavy selling of  copper. In the Joplin, Mo., district, one of the largest zinc producing sections   in   the   United  Commissioner Sam McClay, of.  the Vancouver Harbor Board, reports his trip to the capital a  complete success. Mr. McClay  had gone east to consult; with  the officials of the Ottawa government concerning the titles of  the water lots and other matters  of importance.  Fine Development Scheme  Discussing the Harbor Commissioners' scheme for the development  of  this  port,  Mr. McClay  said:  "In our scheme of development no private interest having  proper legal standing will be interfered with, but at the same  time the interests of the public  must be properly cared for. We  propose to provide adequate  shipping facilities in different  sections of the harbor to meet  the requirements of the various  classes of shipping, and at the  same time to make the land  transporation facilities as up-to-  date as any on this continent. It  will be recognized that the details of our scheme of development cannot be discussed, but  this much I will say, that in our  negotiations the interests affected will be fully -consulted arid  heard. Regarding harbor dues,  we have had our Act of, Incorporation amended so as to make  this point absolutely clear. We  propose immediately to prepare  a schedule of fees under the  powers given us by parliament  and to submit this to the Gov  ernor-General-in-Council for approval; but before submitting it  to the Governor-in-Couneil the  interests that may be effected  will be consulted. Our fees will  be much below those charged in  any other Pacific port. Out of the  revenue thus obtained we propose to provide up-to-date harbor equipment such as a fire-boat,  derricks and cranes and a car-  ferry for the transfer of cars  within the harbor. The board  has also arranged with the government for industrial sites to  be rented at moderate rates. We  are working on the policy of  creating traffic for the port and  securing facilities for handling it  when it is secured. We hope  shortly to have a number of  other highly suitable industrial  sites in addition to those on the  Granville street mud flats.  Tribute to Member  "Sir Robert Borden, in my in-  tervieAV with him, showed remarkable knowledge of Vancouver and it was easy to see that  he recognized it as one  of Can-  In the matter bf patriotism  there is no section of the Empire  that can surpass Canada. Her  people have .shown themselves  ready to suffer and sacrifice  that the ideals of British civilization may not perish from the  earth. With the passing months  and a deepening realization of  the mercilessness of war they  have stiffened to the challenge.  Recruiting has proceeded with  increased, rather than diminished enthusiasm. - This fact, gratifying in the extreme, and highly creditable to the nation,  seems almost amazing in view of  the cloud of suspicion that enshrouds almost every transaction between those charged  with the campaign of military  preparedness and contractors for  supplies. It is useless to blink the  fact that from every province  there comes suggestions and accusations of peculation. These  studied words are not used to  smooth over the viciqusness of  such deeds, if they have really  been perpetrated. The man who  calls upon the youth and manhood of our land to line themselves up between him and na  tional dishonor or eclipse, and  then proceeds to pick their poc  kets while they die in the trench  es, qualifies.for a comradeship of  dishonor in ywhich Ananias might  ������������������-. .'.- ��������������������������� ������������������-...���������':    T-   ���������    . ���������'���������'��������� ������������������   -r-r-rr.  be ashamed, and Judas Iseariot  less lonely. If Canadian menXor  women have Cheated soldiers Jpn  food or their horses on provender, have .grafted off the purchase of shells or submarines,  have stolen the moneys that the  nation dedicated to clothing or  harness, have thieved from the  funds f.or hospital'supplies: .or  motor trucks, the people of  Canada demand a .reckoning.  Moreover, they demand a reckoning that is not itself a.. -long-  drawn-out' orgy of counsel and  commissioner around the public  money-box. Military atmosphere  demands quicker methods. and  patriotism demands even-handed  justice. Our brothers and sons  must have behind them the resources of the nation unsoiled by  the hand of the sneak-thief of  low or high degree. The kit of  the soldier is sacred. It has been  baptized in the tears of mothers, and wives and children  soon to be fatherless. It will be  stained with the blood of heroes  and it must not longer be polluted by the beasts of prey.  Canada must save her own soul  by disowning the traitor and  making his calling and damnation sure.���������Winnipeg Tribune.  CERTAIN VIRTUES   INXWi  WESTERN CALL, $1.00 a Year.  ...^Tar brings the heroic opportunitl  to the door of the average ^an;anj  the heroic incentive, to ; jthe. ��������� mind  Ithe ;; exceptional man. . -We���������'���������_.., deplc  this kind of opportunity a.nd thij  kind of incentive. The cost is feaJ  ful, to be reckoned largely in th|  price which others * must .pay; b.  men recognize the opportunity anJ  feel the incentive. It would beworsl  than idle for us to ignore the quicl  transition which war may effect it  responsive natures from the common  place or the synical to the sacrifi]  cial and the sublime.  Now, God be thanked who-has match]  ed us with His hour,  And caught our youth, and wakened  us   from   sleeping,  With   hand  made" sure,  clear eye   and  sharpened  power,  To turn, as swimmers into cleanness1  leaping,  Glad    from  a   world grown   old   and|  ';      cold  and weary, ,-.'..'*  Leave   the sick  hearts   that   honor!  could not move,  And ' half-men, and   their   ditry songs'  and dreary,  And all the little emptiness of love!  The demoralization attending the  present war is as appalling as the  physical ruin that it has wrought, but  we are none the less awed and abashed in the presence of the spiritual  transformations whieh it is effecting  in the lives of individual men, and  even of nations. Probably no phenomenon connected with the war has  been so impressive as the spirituali-  Tucker, iii the Atlantic nununupupu  zation of France.���������By William J. Tucker,   in  the   Atlantic   Monthly.  Holland's Position  Holland seems to be reaching a  time when she can no longer keep  her finger in the hole in the dike.���������  New   York   Sun.  EVERYTHING IS DONE  ELECTRICALLY NOW  prwm^������o?anght EL GLOSTOVO  This little table stove has a heating surface  of coils within a seven inch circle and is designed for the use of ordinary utensils.  No waiting���������turn the switch���������ready for use.  Simple, economical, clean and reliable.  If you have the connection cord it only costs  Examine this handy appliance for youi-selff  at our showrooms where it will be demonstrated for you.  Vancouver  New Westminster  UCtKm and  " *rpO win the war with the decisiveness which will ensure lasting peace, the Empire  + will require to put forth its full collective power in men and in money. From  this viewpoint it is our true policy to augment our financial strength by multiplying our  productive exertions and by exercising rigid economy, which reduces to the minimum  all expenditures upon luxuries and non-essentials. Only in this way shall we be able  to make good the loss caused by the withdrawal of so many of our workers from industrial activities, repair the wastage of the war, and find the funds for its continuance. It  cannot be too frequently or too earnestly impressed upon our people that the heaviest  burdens of the conflict still lie before us, and that industry and thrift are, for those  who remain at home, supreme patriotic duties upon whose faithful fulfilment  our success, and consequently our national safety, may ultimately depend."���������  SIR THOMAS WHITE, Minister of Finance.  PRODUCE  MORE, SAVE MORE.  MAKE LABOUR EFFICIENT.  SAVE MATERIALS FROM WASTE.  SPEND MONEY WISELY.  LET US PRODUCE AND SAVE���������  The war is now turning on a contest of all forces  and resources���������men, munitions, food, money. The  call to all is to produce more and more. It may be  necessary to work harder. The place of those who  enlist must be taken by those at home, men and  women, old and young. The more we produce the  more we can save. Produce more on the farms and  in the gardens.   Save more and help to win the war.  LET US NOT WASTE OUR LABOUR���������  In this war-time all labour should be directly productive or should be assisting in production. Make it  as efficient as possible. If your labour is on something  that can be postponed, put it off till after the war and  make your labour tell now. Making war is the first  business of all Canadians. Efficiency in labour is as  important as efficiency in fighting.  -  LET US NOT WASTE MATERIALS���������  Begin at home. The larger portion of 'salaries  and wages is spent on the home���������food, fuel, light,  clothing. Are any of these things being wasted?  $20.00 a year saved from waste in every home in  Canada will more than pay the interest on a war debt  of 3500,000,000.  LET US SPEND OUR MONEY   WISELY���������  Are you spending your money to the best advantage? What do you think of extravagance in war  time? Tens of thousands of Canadians are daily  risking their lives for us at home. Is it not our duty  to be careful and economical? Canadian dollars are  an important part oif the war equipment. Make them  tell. Have a War Savings Account. Buy a War  Bond.   .  THE   GOVERNMENT  OF  CANADA 3  THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 'S9j^Sii^^^is������XWM^S!^cus&^  \xm^7&m*a&i&amtew������2^^  IM MWIII-MMMify n  prida-yy April 21, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  &  pring Offerings of Mt Pleasant's  Most Progressive Merchants  DONT GO DOWNTOWN to do all your bujringX  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We know this -WE'VE TRIED IT OUTX You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MO.NEY,"  Only a Short Time Now to '  SELECT YOU<R  EASTER   MILLINERY  Our stock affords a large  choice for all. Right Prices,  ranging   from  $3.50 UP. ,  Call   and   see them.  J^diss J^dcLenaghen  2410 Main St.  Take her to  Mt. Pleasant's Finest and  Classiest  Ice  Cream  Parlor  That New Store  Lee Bldg.       169 B'way near Main  Private Boxes ��������� Fancy Drinks ���������  Music  EASTER LILIES  The   best   in the   city  HYDRANGEAS &  CUT FLOWERS  I am the originator of PANSIES  -.   (Taylor    Strain)  Champions of the World.  R. J. TAYLOR : Florist  Broadway   and   Main  LAWN   MOWERS  SHARPENED RIGHT  We make any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow,  Grinding Company .���������"* west  240  BROADWAY  Visit our  SODA   FOUNTAIN  We serve   all   the   latest drinks.  School Supplies���������Magazines  Periodicals  W. H. ARMSTRONG  Corner Eighth and Main St.  =5,  ON TRAIL WITH THE  BOY SCOUTS PATROL  BEES  "By TADS'  SPECIAL  MEN'S   SHIRTS   $1.00  EACH  Wo have just opened up an immense  lot of MEN'S WOBKING SHIRTS  in Black, Navy, Grey and Tan Colors.  Sizes l_y_   to 17.  R. MOORE  Dry   Goods   and   Gents'   Furnishings  2211-2215   Gamble  St.    South  Highlanders and their work in the  troop   is   being   missed already.  The 14th Troop is open for a challenge from any of the Junior Basketball leagues. I understand one  troop challenged this sturdy bunch of  boys, and when the evening arrived  they failed to appear. What's the  matter,  boys!  Acting A. S. M. Holland is taking  over the work at the Orphanage whic'i  was under the direction of S. M.  Parkinson for some time previous to  his leaving for the front. Mr. Holland has kindly consented to do this  work till a permanent scoutmaster  is   supplied.  A number of the boys are working  for the photographer's badge and no  doubt some splendid pictures will be  taken. "Tads" would like to see some  of them. The boys are very busy these  days and are drilling several nights  a   week at   the Lord   Boberts School.  Bee-Seeping  I understand the Scouts are very  much interested in bees. Mr. Cyril  Corbett, an expert in this particular  work, has written some splendid articles on bees and from them. I am  going to try and tell you something  about bee life. Mr. Corbett is a  Matsqui man and the Boy Scouts of  Vancouver will surely be indebted to  him   for   his   interest in their work.  The average boy looks at a bee  like _ as if it were a thing that  should be left alone. Usually he will  run a good many yards when he sees  a bee chasing him. Observation and  study have changed this idea, and if  you will follow the articles in this  column from time to time, I am sure  it will  not be long before  your views  vchange . entirely^  .-_^Thfi_inst^AtK^_^  common sense of the honey bee is  marvelous. They hate to sting. The  first point in the study of bees is  their sociability. One bee living  alone is absolutely helpless. They  exist in families in a self made hut  which is called , the hive. First there  is the Mother, or Queen bee, a little larger than the others, and the  only perfect female bee in the hive.  All the eggs are laid by her. .Then  there are a few male bees or drones.  The -children are nuiny thousands  in number and do all the work, such  as keeping the hive clean, bringing  in the supply of food', acting as  scouts (two always being on scout  duty at the entrance) and gatherink  nectar from the flowers to be made  into honey. These are the working  bees, and their work is most interesting. Next week I will tell you more  about them.  Connaught Troop  The boys   of   the   Connaught   troop  are   planning   work   for  the  summer  months. We hope to hear shortly from.  Scoutmaster Bamforth  and  his boys.  17th Vancouver  Scout Sam Ramsden, of the 17th  Troop, joined the colors some time  ago and left on Sunday with the 72nd  Battalion. Many of the friends of  the Kerrisdale troop have gone to tbe  front and the military spirit is creeping in on the boys. Scoutmaster Eyrie is in charge of this successful  troop who are so ambitious as to  want a building of their very own  for their meetings. I believe they  will get it, too, for where enthusiasm is, there is usually something  else. The boys will not hold a meeting this week and hope to have premises, of their own by the next meeting day. :   Sea Scouts  The   Sea    Scouts  aro   planning   an  -Easter'...camp���������__._..... .this._^oniing��������� w.eelt_._!end.r.  They intend staying on their boat for  several days and are anticipating a  most   enjoyable   holiday  Last week the boys spent a couple of days on their boat, the Casco,  and Scoutmaster Masters tells me  that they wanted to stay longer.  However, this week they will have  the opportunity and one of the  scouts has promised to write "Tads"  regarding their work. The following boys were out last week: Patrol  Leader Lawrence Whitworth, Assistant P. L. Nordan, and Scouts Clifford  Uphain, Don, New, Rowland Stacey,  Tom Byrne, Ed. Stenner, Drew Beard-  more  Harry  May,   George  Nordan.  Fairview  Troop  What a busy lot of boys. Perhaps  you will meet the scouts of the 14th  Troop next week at Point Grey. The  Fairview boys are taking two large  tents arid the twelve scouts intend,  camping for the entire week. What "a  fine   story we   will   have   next . week,  The boys have finished the paper  ing of their room, the good work having been done by Scouts Reggie'Shat-  ford, Paul Laidlaw, Phil Stevenson,  Bob Stevenson, Ernie Stevens and  .Tack Lillington. They hope to have  the electric lights in before next  meeting. "Tads" will visit these busy  scouts soon.  ]_et Us Hear from You  Boys, I am not hearing from you  enough. Not very long ago I used  to receive letters each week, but  somehow you . have all forgotten  "Tads," who works every week for  you, and I have to find out for myself just what you are all doing. If  you will send your news to me addressed "Tads", 842 7th Ave. West,  or care this paper, not later than  Wednesday it will appear in the following issue, and I will see that the  wirterX)f "" the" news refeeivesXiT"specially wrapped copy of the column in  which his news appears. Where is  Scout Hull, of North Vancouver?  I have come to the conclusion that  he has gone to fight the Germans.  Organization Meeting  A meeting of scoutmasters and patrol leaders was held last night, but  this paper went to press too early to  receive a report. We will likely hear  from   the secretary  next  week.  Central Methodist  Scoutmaster Timms of the Grand-  view troop, visited the boys at their  last meeting, when fourteen scouts  passed their tenderfoot tests. A hew  patrol has been formed by the Central Methodist who are beginning  their work well, having only recently  gained the consent of the commission to become a troop. The troops  already formed are in charge of  First Patrol, J. Louglas and Gierke;  Second Patrol, C. Edmonson and E.  Roberts, and the Third Patrol, Geo.  Bruce and Harold Fulton. The boys  will have patriotic names for their  troops, those to be decided on at their  next meeting to be held on Friday  week. On Sunday the boys will  tramp to Barnet and "Tads" has  been promised a   story of their  trip.  Grandview   Troop  The boys of the Grandview Troop  arc to enjoy a week-end camp at Mosquito Creek at the foot of Grouse  Mountain. I don't like that name,  and if I don't hear from the boys  when they return 1 will be quite sure  they have been eaten by the mos-  quitos.    West   Burnaby's   Own  On Friday last the boys of the  West Burnaby's Own Troop were entertained by the Westminster boy  scouts in the Royal City. About  twenty of the Vancouver boys went  over and had a most enjoyable evening.  This busy troop is planning a hike  to Port Maun on Easter Monday, and  Scoutmaster Gillies has promised  that '' Tads'' will receive a story of  the trip. We will have a most interesting column next   week.  True  Camp  Spirit  So many troops arc planning hikes  and week-end camps this week that  1 am going to say a word on the  "True Camp Spirit." It is . thought-  fulness for others; kindliness; the  willingness to do your share of the  work; the habit of making light of  all discomforts, cheerfulness under all  circumstances; the determination  never to sulk, imagine you are slight  ed, or to find fault with other people,  conditions or things. To radiate good  will; take things as" they come and  ENJOY THEM, and to do your full  share of entertainment and fun-making���������this  is the true camp spirit.  14th   Troop  The boys of the 14th Troop are  planning a camp on the Thursday,  Friday and Saturday of next week.  They intend going to Point Grey. We  have been promised a story of their  trip.  S. M. Chowne and A. S. M. Bil-  ven   left   on  Sunday   with the     72nd  The    Queen's     After-Dinner    Speech  The   following    verses,    under      the  heading   of   '' The  Queen's   After-Din  ner   Speech," were   published   in The  Dublin   Evening    Mail   .after      Queen  Victoria's    visit   to    Ireland   a      few  years   before   her death:  "I've, a power  of  sons," sez  she,  "Al'   sorts   of ones,"   sez she;  "Some  quiet  as  cows,"  sez she,  "Some always  in rows,"   sez she;  "An'   the   one gives   most   trouble,"  sez   she,  "The  mother  loves   double,"  sez she.  "So   drink to   the min,"   sez she,  "In   the  'gap   of   danger,' says   she,  "Is   a   Connaught   ranger,"  sez   she,  "An-'   somewhere   near,"   sez   she,  "Is   a Fusilier,"   sez she;  "An'  the Inniskillings not far,"  sez.  "..-   she,-   - %ji$  ^'From the   heart   o'   the war," "sez  she,  "An' I'll tell you what," sez she,  "They may talk a lot,"  sez  she,  "And   thim  Foreign    Baboons,"    sez  she,  "May draw their cartoons," sez she,  "But what they can't draw," sez she,  "Is the Lion's claw," sez she.  ������    #    *    *  Bag-Time in the Trenches  Roll up,   rally   up!  Stroll   up,  sally up!  Take  a tupp 'ny ticket  out,  and  help  ,:. to tote the tally up!  Come and   see   the Baggers   in  their  "Mud and   Slush"   revoo,  '(Haven't   got no   money?       Well,   a  cigarette'11 do).  Come   and hear O 'Leary  in his   great  ���������    tin-whistle   stunt;  See   our beauty  chorus  with  the Sergeant   in   the   front;  Come and hear our gaggers  ������������������     In their  "Lonely Tommy" song;  Come   and see   the   Baggers,  We're the   bongest   of   the   bong.  Boll  up,  rally up!  '-'Stroll up, sally up!  Show  is  just   commencing  and we've  got to ring the ballet up.  Hear   our   swell   orchestra keeping all  the   fun alive,  Tooting   on    his   whistle   while   they  dance   the Dug-out Dive.  Come and  see Spud  Murphy with his  double-ration   smile,  ('Tisn't much for beauty, but it's  Phyllis Dare   for style);  Come and   see   our   scena,  "How the  section   got   C.B."  Bring   a   concertina  And we'll let you come in free.  Boll  up, rally up!  Stroll   up,   sally up!  First  and  last   performance.   If   you  want to  see   it,  allez  up!  Come   and   sit    where    "Archibalds"  won't get you in the neck  (If   it's   getting sultry you   can   take  a  pass-out  cheek).  Come  and   hear   the   Corporal   recite  his only joke;  See-the-leading  lady-slipping  out" to  have   a   smoke;  Sappers,   cooks, flag-waggcrs,  Dhooly -wallahs,   too;  Come and hear   the  Raggers  In their "Mud and Slush" revoo.  ���������Punch.  For Etaster Hats  From  $2.50  to $5.50   go  to  Acme J*4iTlinery and Dry Goods  Store  670   Broadway   E.   Open Evenings  W. BURNS  FIRST CLASS BOOT &  SHOE REPAIRING  Moderate  Prices.   Custom  work.  534  Broadway E.  Coffee  at Pike's  is always fresh ground.  518 BROADWAY E. (Next Dairy)  FAIRMONT REN0VAT0RY  Fair.    172 753    B'way    E.  Ladies'   and   Men's  Suits    Sponged   and   Pressed   50c  Sponge    Cleaning   and    Pressing   75c  French  Dry   or -Steam Cleaning   and  Pressing: ...j 91*50  The annual general meeting of the  British Columbia Lacrosse Association  turned out to be a recruiting meeting.  For the Very Best Fancy  and Staple Groceries  Phone   Fair.   1276  B. A. SHATFORD  25. Broadway West  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  Don't  Experiment  Witb New  Chick Feeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED haa been  tried for years and produces fine  healthy  chicks.   Made   and sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair. 186 and Fair. 878  WESTERN CAW- APS,  WIU-PAY YOU.  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  X  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone  Fraser   175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood   153  Painless Patriotism  "How   quickly  some    of   those    immigrants    assimilate    our    ideas    and  methods! "  "As for instance?"  "Well, I asked my Italian barber  if he was going home to fight, and  lie said he wasn't���������that he had paired with an Austrian in the next  block."���������Boston   Transcript.  ������ 4> # *  "Name and Number" Holden  Some of the most curious characters in the world enlist in the army  and make good. A case in point is  told of a. Newfoundlander named  Holden, who was known as "Name  and Number" Holden. Holden was  asked for his name and number by  officers about every second day in order-to enter.hisinisrdeeds oil,the crime-  sheet. He. was guilty of practically  every offence against military discipline that is known in the decalogue  of warfare, but redeemed himself in  the righting at Gallipoli where he  bravely picked up a Turkish bomb  and hurled it back at the enemy before it had time to explode. A mon-  ocled officer who witnessed the brave  deed said, "Ah, my good man, what  is   your  name   and   number?"   mean  ing   to   recommend   him   for  a medal.  "What  in  II  have I done now?"  inquired Holden in an injured tone.  It was the first time in his army experience that he was not called down,  and tlie surprise was almost too much  for him. Out of 1,107 Newfoundlanders who went to Gallipoli only 171  returned.   It may come as a distinct surprise to many that the finest  pansy ever put on the American  market was originated by E. J.  Taylor, the well known florist at  Broadway and Main street. Mr.  Taylor exhibited some flowering  plants of this variety this week,  measuring"-"-**- over^~three~"~ inches"  across the blossom. The richness  and variety of color is absolutely inimitable. The seed or growing plants can be had any time  now. In Easter lilies Mr. Taylors  selections cannot be beaten in  the city and are priced .around  one dollar.  Cut out this coupon and mail it with your subscription to J P's WEEKLY, 203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Subscription Rates:  Twelve   Months     $2.00  Six   Months      $1.25  Three Months   $0.75  To the Publishers J P's Weekly, Vancouver, B. C.  Enter my subscription for J P's Weekly for    months. Enclosed herewith I send you $   in payment of same. _��������� j  Name    Address     WE SOLICIT   THE SERVICES OF, AND  PAY A LIBERAL  COMMISSION TO ACTIVE SUBSCRIPTION AGENTS IN EVERY DISTRICT.  JPs Weekly  FEARLESS, INDEPENDENT  CONSTRUCTIVE  READ Tho Practical Measures Page, which contains  each week items of absorbing interest on the development and investment opportunities of our wonderful province.  Lovers of music who appreciate  impartial criticism will find with  us on the page devoted to  "Pipe and Strings," many topics  in common. Under the heading  of "Books and Writers" edited  by 'Airuee,' 'a friendly review  of the latest in prose and poetry  is ably dealt with. The front  page by "Bruce" will always  find many friends and interested  readers.  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C,  W. H. Carswell, Mgr. THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, April 21, 1916.  Petticoats of the Season  Advance Agents of Hoops  Spring  Brings the Unyielding Variety  Belonging Indubitably to the  Period of Crinoline  THE PARMER AND  THE INTERESTS  PETTICOATS are bracing themselves for the bearing of new  responsibilities. They came back  from actual exile when the very narrow frock skirt went out; but i a  time they bore themselves modesuy,  humbly, glad to be accepted upon even  the limpest of terms.  Even When they began to take on  fulness about the bottom they offset  the increasing inches of width by softness of material and took no thought  to supporting the frock skirt in its  flaring aspirations. If the frock skirt  insisted upon ballooning, all the more  reason why petticoat fulness should  fall softly, protcctingly, should frou  frou clingingly about the portion of  the feminine anatomy that lies twixt  knee and ankle.  To be sure, one might wear knickers and frou-frou pantalettes. More  than one woman did; but the average  woman preferred a petticoat, even if  is was a mere trifle of chiffon and  lace, as wore most of the petticoats  for evening and dress wear. Perhaps  there was a section of soft satin or of  crepe, but no hint of stiffening anywhere, and the more substantial silk  petticoats for street wear, though they  had more substance, were not self-  assertive.  There are still plenty of limp little  petticoats in chiffon and lace and soft  satin and crepe and net that leave  the dress skirt to its own devices and  disclaim any connection with horsehair  or reeds or even stiff cording. The  frocks worn over .these must have their  own stiffening or must have width and  flare upon the cutting and handling  of their material, and a large percentage of, the newest frocks seem to  accept the* responsibility blithely; but  the petticoat manufacturers evidently  believe that there must be provision  for the extending frock skirts even  when those frock skirts have no horsehair, lace or reed or bone concealed  about  them.  And so this spring we have the  really bouffant petticoat, the petticoat  of hidden supports, not stiff, yielding  softly to pressure or compression, yet  belonging indubitably to the period  of crinoline.  With rumors flying as to the coming collapse of skirts the ultra hooped  lines prove a bit puzzling to fashion  prophets. Perhaps, as military critics  sayof each colossal attack upon fortified positions, "this seems to be a final  desperate offensive"; but whether  skirts collapse soon or late, there's no  doubt that the summer girl of 1916  may wear her hoopskirts in peace and  modishness. As for the autumn, that's  another story.  The very wide flare skirt has few  real friends among either wearers or  makers, and with a scarcity of material that threatens to become still  more serious manufacturers and merchants are not as gleeful as they might  be in an ordinary season over the  vastly increased amount of material  required for a modish frock. So crinoline and its substitutes have chosen  a poor time for reincarnations and the  makers of fashion would be showered  with   blessings   from   all quarters   if  they would curtail skirt hem width  generally and perceptibly.  There are flaring petticoats of soft  but crisp taffeta with their flare ne-  trusted entirely to the shaping and  applying of flounces and with simple  trimming of taffeta ruchings or narrow  taffeta frills.  Another attractive model is in flowered taffeta of lovely colorings and design; or at least the yoke , and the  flounces are of this silk, while the full  flaring foundation below the yoke is  of net. On this net narrow frills of  silk are arranged in deep scallops or  festoons, with a little flat but piquant  bow at the uppermost point of each  scallop and with narrow horsehair run  along under each frill. This same  model is shown ������ in plain taffeta of  delicate colorings.  Petticoats of metallic cloth, either  gold or silver, are cut to flare, stiffened  a little and flouneed in fine silver or  gold nets or laces, and silver laces  are used upou many of the dainty light  lined evening petticoats of silk, chiffon or net.  Charming ribbon trimmings are applied to other models���������narrow ribbons  frilled, niched, festooned, set on in  little loops, etc.���������and even dark taffeta-  petticoats for utility-wear are sometimes brightened and given smartness  by trimming of narrow fancy ribbon,  often a ribbon in the color of the  petticoJft, with picot edge or border  of contrasting color.  More extreme even than the crinoline petticoats are some of the culdtte  models intended for boudoir wear or  for use under certain types of frocks,  and among the things in this class are  models like the one of the illustration,  which has hoops set in just below the  hip curves to make the silhouette  broadest at that point and straight  from there down, which came in with  Spanish influences.  HOME TABLE  RECIPES  It will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of the  "WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  EGGS  High chemical authorities agree that there  is more nutriment in an egg than in any substance of equal bulk found in uature or produced by art. They are much used for food the  world over, and few articles are capable of  more varied employment.  The freshness of an egg may be determined  in various ways. In a fresh egg, the butt end  if touched On the tongue, issensibly warmer than  the point end. If held toward the light and  looked through "candled*'*' a fresh egg will show  a clear white and well-rounded yolk. A stale  egg will appear muddled. Probably the surest test is to put the eggs into a pan of cold'  water. Fresh eggs sink quickly; bad eggs float;  suspicious ones act suspiciously, neither sinking  nor floating very decidedly. Of all articles of  food, doubtful  eggs are  most  certainly  to  be  condemned.  ��������� *   *  Boiled Eggs  Put into a saucepan of boiling water with  a tablespoon, beingcareful not to break ot crack  them. Boil steadily three minutes, if you want  them soft; ten, if hard.  Another way is to put them on in cold water,  and let it come to a boil. The inside, white and  yolk, will be then of the consistency of custard.  Still another way is to put them in water,  heated to the boiling point, and let them stand  from five to seven minutes without boiling. If  desired -for salad, boil tlierxi ten minutes; then  throw them in cold water; roll them gently on a  table or board, ahd the shell can be easily removed. Wire egg racks, to set in boiling hot  water with the eggs held in place, are exceedingly  convenient.  ��������� ���������    ���������  Poached Eggs  Have the water well salted, but do not let  it boil hard. Break the eggs separately into a  saucer, and slip them singly into the water;  when nicely done, i*emove with a skimmer, trim  neatly, and lay each egg upon a small thin  square of buttered toast, then sprinkle with salt  andpepper^ Some persons prefer them poached  rather than fried with ham; in which case  substitute the ham for toast.   .  ��������� ������������������,'.-  Poached Eggs a la Crane  Nearly fill a clean frying-pan with water  boiling hot; strain a tablespoonful of vinegar  through double' muslin, and add to the water  with a little salt. Slip your eggs from the saucer upon the top of the ivater (first taking  the pan from the fire). Boil three minutes and  a half; drain, and lay on buttered toast in a hot  dish. Turn the water from the pan and pour  in half a cupful of cream or milk. Let it heat  to a boil, stirring to prevent burning, and add  a great spoonful of butter, some pepper and  salt. Boil up once and pour over the eggs. Or  eggs may not have to stand. A little broth improves  the  sauce.  Eggs a la Mode  Remove the skin, from a dozen tomatoes,  medium size, cut them up in a saucepan, add  a little butter, pepper and salt; when sufficiently boiled, beat up five or six eggs, and  just before you serve, turn them into a saucepan with the tomato, and stir one way for two  minutes, allowing them time to be well done.   ..  # ������   ���������  Scrambled Eggs  Put into a frying-pan enough butter to  grease it well; slip in the eggs carefully without  breaking the yolks; add butter, and season to  taste; when the whites begin to set, stir the eggs  from the bottom of the pan, and coninue stirring until the cooking is completed. The appearance at the end should be marbled, rather than  mixed.  # *   ���������  Ugg Toast  Beat four eggs, yolks and whites, together  thoroughly; put two tablespoonfuls of butter  into a saucepan and melt slowly; tjieiipour^  in the eggs and heat, without boiling, over a  slow fire, stirring constantly; add a little salt,  and when hot spread on slices of nicely browned toast and serve at once.  # *   #  Plain Omelet  Beat thoroughly yolks of five eggs, and a dessertspoonful of flour, rubbed smooth in two-  thirds of a cupful of milk. Sajt and pepper to  taste, and add a piece of butter the size of a  hickory-nut. Beat the whites to a stiff froth,  pour the mixture into the whites, and without  stirring, pour into a hot, buttered omelet pan.  Cook on top of the range for five minutes; then  set pan and all into the oven to brown the top  nicely.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Cheese Omelet  Butter the sides of a deep dish and cover  with thin slices of rich cheese; lay over the  cheese thin slices of well-buttered bread, first  covering the cheese with a little red pepper  and mustard; then another layer of. cheese;  beat the yolk of an egg in a cup of cream or  milk, and pour over tlie dish, and., put at once  into the oven; bake till nicely browned. Serve  hot, or it will be tough and hard, but when  properly cooked it will be tender and savory.  # *   ���������  Egg Sandwiches  Hard boil some fresh eggs, and, when cold,  cut them into moderately thin slices, and lay  them between slices of bread and butter cut  thin, and season well with eelery salt. For picnic parties or for traveling, these sandwiches are  very nice.  * ���������   ���������  Egg Balls  Rub the yolks of hard-boiled eggs with the  raw yolk of an egg, well beaten, and season to  taste. Roll this paste into balls the size of  marbles, adding flour if necessary to thicken,  and boil two minutes. ' A valuable embellishment and enrichment of soups.  A Study in Parasitism. By Clarus  Ager. Published by The Macmillan  Co., of Canada, Limited, Toronto.  In the light of present-day public  developments in the interests of farmers and the issues which are being  raised as to his status, not only in  his community, but in the whole country, this book comes as a timely answer to many of the problems which  are presenting themselves for solution.  The author does not spare the farmer any of the taunts which he thinks  are coming to him as a result of his  insubordination to powers, political  and otherwise, which have, for many  centuries, used him, to serve their own  ends. He launches his attack at the  very outset. His first paragraph is a  key to the whole work, when he  tays: "The tiller of the soil is, politically, an ass. From time immemorial he has been the human ox. He  has bowed his neck to the yoke. He  has borne the labour burden of the  race. He has been driven in- the furrow. He has at all times produced  food and raiment in great quantities.  Out of this he" has been permitted  to retain food, raiment, and shelter  for himself and his family. The remainder of his production, and much  the greater part thereof, has been  taken from him without his receiving  any adequate return therefor. This  has been going on for ages, it is going on today, and there are few indications of it coming to an end.  There probably has never been a civilized land in which the free toiler of  the soil has retained a smajler share  of what he produces than the farmer  on the western Canadian prairies, and  in saying this, I am not excepting  any age or land, not even Armenia,  under -the unspeakable Turk, nor the  Hindoo ryot 1,000 years ago, nor the  down-trodden Hebrew 2,000 years ago.  The western farmer produces much  more than any of these, and he retains more in the aggregate, but he  retains relatively a smaller portion  of his totaL production than any other  tiller of the soil at any time or in  any place, excepting, in some cases,  the slave. By the tiller of the soil  I mean the man who permanently  lives on ahd tills the soil, whether  as owner, tenant, or occupant. In  this sense I am going to use the word  farmer  instead   of  tiller of the soil."  This is a pretty strong premise,  but the author sets himself to prove  it, and his deductions are not only  interesting but convincing. After presenting the full case of "the tiller  of the soil" as it now stands, he proceeds to show how such conditions  may be bettered. This necessitates  an attack upon the Canadian banking  system which "is the best banking  system in the world���������for the banks."  but "was made for the commercial  man, not for the farmer. The practice of the banks is to lend money  on bills, notes, and similar securities, for not longer, ordinarily, than  four months; that suits the commercial man; it does not suit the farmer, he needs to borrow for twelve  months at least to enable him to  raise and sell a crop. But, to make  matters worse, the Bank Act prohibits the lending of money on land  or chattels, which are the only security the farmer   has.*''  But the reader would have to follow Mr. Ager's arguments themselves  to get the full benefit of his intimate knowledge and thorough understanding of a situation which is today of such vital importance to the  right development of a free country.  He deals at some length with "The  Bestricted Buying Market," in which  thel evils^oftaxation, comes under his  "scathing strictures. The question of  "Transportation" is another clog in  the wheel," for the farmer, and, according to Mr. Ager, "the railways  are the government on wheels." Prom  serfdom, the long hours of unremitting toil is an evil which stunts the  farmer's growth as a political and  independent  power.  The remedies which Mr. Ager suggests are deserving of more than a  passing thought, and should sink deep  into the thinking minds, not only of  farmers, but of the public at large  who are genuinely desirous of producing free and enlightened conditions in our country. Economic Cooperation, Political Coherence, The  Ballot as The Weapon, and the Development of Rural Efficiency and  Solidarity aro live issues which the  author has presented in a very forceful and very readable manner, and  there is no doubt that if a few more  people were of Mr. Ager's mind and  as sincere in their desire for the  reformation of the conditions of one  of the most important classes in the  community, that a new era would  dawn   for   Canada.  Without Regret.  A certain drill sergeant, whose severity had made him, unpopular with his  troops, was putting a party of recruits  through the funeral service. Opening  the ranks so as to admit the passage  of the supposed cortege between them,  the instructor, by way of practical explanation, walked slowly down the lane  formed by the two ranks, saying as he  did:  '' Hiow, I' mthe corpse. Pay attention."  Having reached the end of the path,  he turned round, regarded them steadily for a moment or two, then exclaimed:  "Your hands are right and your  heads are right, but you haven't got  that sad look of regret you ought to  have."  WESTERN CALL, $1.00 a Year.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Mrong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progre* *.*,���������������>  ly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  msta  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140       203 KINGSWAY  4- m^aSS^mS&^ssisii^iisisifiiiis^.  l<iusm������3!3^taa!������raff������^������xl3J2.4jro3vra*a������U������ucea^  ���������'-"TliiiiTffll'���������-"  -n;  Friday, April 21> 1916.  THE WESTERN CAIjL  =^  Loyalty of the Irish People  There are something like 150,-  300 Irish soldiers fighting tinder  the British colors in France and  Jabout as many more recruited in  Ireland and ready to  go  to the  (front.-    There   are  eighty  seven  ���������Irishmen  wearing   German   uni-  [forms, decorated   by   themselves  [with a bit of green ribbon and  [the harp, doing  trivial  military  [duty in Berlin.  These were the figures given  by Mme. Flora 0'Gorman of  Ireland, when she was asked  what there was of truth in the  charges by some Irish-Americans, Justice Goff and Senator  O'Gorman, for example, that the  Irish of Ireland had no love or  loyalty for England, that they  wanted Germany to win the war.  One of. the things that Mme.  O'Gorman was determined not  to do when she came to this  country to get aid for wounded  soldiers in France was to talk  politics. But she happened to  arrive at about the time of the  pro-German meeting of Irishmen  in the Hotel Astor and her indignation and her own loyalty as  an Irishwoman got the better of  her determination for a brief  half hour.  A False Impression  "These Irishmen here, who  know nothing whatever about  it," she said, "try to give the  impression that Ireland is not  loyal. I, who live in Ireland and do know about it, tell  you that Ireland is loyal and  will do her full share to help  England and France win this  war. I thought possibly somebody would ask me, so before  leaving France I got my figures  from my husband, The O'Gorman, of County Clare, who  is a Colonel and staff officer of  the British army now at the  front. There are 151J000 Irish  soldiers now in the field and  about as many more have been  recruited.  "Many thousands of Irish  have been taken as prisoners of  war, and to each of them the  Germans have offered freedom if  he would renounce England and  become a German soldier. That  is the way of the Germans with  all Irish prisoners. They, too,  seem to have the same mistaken  idea that Ireland is not loyal.  Isn't there a remarkable similarity between the Berlin notion  and the pro-German notion in  New York? Well, of the thousands of Irish soldiers who have  had the chance to buy freedom  by treason only eighty-seven  have availed* themselves of it. I  know that. I also know, from a  German offieer whom I happened to know before the war and  have since seen as a prisoner,  that the most despised people in  Berlin are those eighty-seven  Irish traitors with the green  harps on their German uniforms.  There is no chance for them to  get to the front, the German  officer told me, because nobody  trusts  th������m.  A, Small Proportion  "I don't know just what fraction of a per cent, eighty-seven  is of 300,000, but I should say  for a guess that the proportion  of the eighty-seven wearing  German uniforms to the 300,000  Irishmen wearing British uniforms would indicate about all  the disloyalty there is throughout Ireland, assuming that there  is any  at all.''  The next point that Mme.  O'Gorman wanted to make was  that Senator O'Gorman was no  kinsman of hers.  "There was a Judge O'Gorman of our family in this country," she said, "and when I  first arrived I thought that the  Senator was his son, but I have  learned differently. The O'Gor-  mans of Clare, my husband's  family, have lived in the same  place for 1,100 years. My husband has served in the British  Army for thirty-two years, and  for twenty of these years I have  been with him in every part of  the British Empire. Always have  we had Irish soldiers, and always have they been among the  best. So I know the Irish at  home and away froni home, and  nowhere  do they think  of Eng  HANBURY'S  For  WOOP & COAL  Phone: Bayview J076 1077.  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  land   as the: Irish  in  America  would have you believe.  "I wonder what the Senator  O'Gormans and the Justice Gof-  fs and all the rest of them in  the United States hope to &e-  complish by their pro-German activities. How do they imagine  that helping Germany would  help Ireland? < Should Ireland  become a German colony the  Irish would leave it in row-  boats, they would swim away  from it to get to their friends  in England.  Showing Their Ignorance  "It is easier to understand  why in times of peace a certain  type of Irishman in America  gets some satisfaction put of denouncing England, and it does  no particular harm. It serves  chiefly to disclose the ignorance  of the denouncers concerning  the country from which they or  their fathers or grandfathers  have come. An Irishman comes  here and makes more money than  he could at home, and immediately jumps to the foolish conclusion that England was entirely to blame for his lack of success on the other side. He fails  to put the responsibility where it  belongs, partly on himself and  partly on the climate and customs of Ireland.  "The Irish are just a lot of delightful, irresponsible grown-up  children. They live in a soft  climate in a drizzle of warm  rain. Everything is kept green  and beautiful by nature, and nobody wants to work hard. If a  tile falls off a roof it is easier  to let it alone than to put it  back. It is easier to remain  uneducated in such a country  than to work hard for mental  progress. But when the roofs  leak and the children are ignorant and the people live roughly,  it is not a matter of English  misrule, but a matter of climate  and the temperament of the people.; It is much as it is in Sicily  and   other warm  countries.'  HUGE ZINC SMELTER  " Pride of the West"  ,. BRAND  OVERALLS. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  The Pitiless Bobbery of Belgium  The callous brutality of Germany's  treatment of Belgium has once more  been, exemplified. The American Belief Committee, which has done so  much to save from starvation the  people whose very food has been taken from, them by the invading 'Huns,  has been1 trying to put the population on a self-supporting basis, and  thus not only to feed them but to  check the growing demoralization  due to long unemployment. The  plan was to ship in raw material for  Belgian manufactures and ship out  finished goods, the profits going to  the relief of the Belgians. The British government offered to help in  this,'provided"tlie"Germans would~un~  dertake not to seize the raw material  or the finished articles for their own  use.  And whsi,t is Germany's answer?  Not a word. Evidently there is still  a spark of shame in the Kaiser and  his satellites, for they would rather  stay silent than by point-blank refusal draw* attention once more to  their continued policy of frightful-  ness towards Belgium. There is to  be no pity, no mercy, for the unoffending people whose land they have  burglarized, whose sons they have  murdered, until the country lias been  drained to the last drop of its resources. That work is still proceeding, and doubtless, as tho Britisli  memorandum says,'as soon as everything is gone it is possible Germany  may consent to the country being  restocked from outside sources. That  consent would be given now, no  doubt, were it not a fact that the  conditions would have.n to be lived  up to, since the work would be under the 'direct supervision of American  representatives.  Very Young Officer: "I want one  of those dogs . about so high, and  about so long. A sort of greyhound,  but it isn't quite, because its tail's  shorter and its head bigger, and the  legs aren't so long, and the body;s  thinner.   Do   you   keep   that    sort?  The Dealer: "No. sir. I don't I  drown  'em!"  Mining activity in the Crow's Nest  Pass and Southern B. C. has been given a great boost by the war, and  on top of the present activity now  comes along a report .that the old zinc  smelter at Frank is likely to be reopened for the smelting of nine ores  from the B. C. metal fields.  With the weekly order for 100 tons  for the Bussian government in their  hands, a B. C. company is already  organized to get the Frank plant in  working order with the least possible delay. Just who is behind the  company it is hard to say. One report  has it that Sir .Richard McBride, Mr.  Curtiss, a coast financier and other  B. O. capitalists are backing the proposition. Another is that, the Canadian Consolidated Mining & Smelting  Co., of Trail, B. C. in which are interested a number of C. P. B. officials,  is undertaking the rejuvenating of  the zinc industry in this part of. the  world. The most authentic report the  Herald has been able to obtain is  that the former parties are busy, Mr.  Curtiss, it is understood, in New York  at present, that the crushing and other  machinery for the plant has been purchased and that a superintendent for  the  plant  has  been  secured.  It is also stated on good authority  that the coke company at Coleman,  two stations west of Frank, has already enlarged its plant from 800  tons to 1,000 tons in readiness for the  increased demand for coke which is  used in the   zinc   smelting   process.  The revival of the zine smelting  industry in The Pass is one of the  most important bits of' industrial news  given out for a long time. While it  will not affect Lethbridge directly,  there will be an indirect benefit  through the increased demand for  wholesalers' supplies which are dis?  tributed from here.  The old zine smelter at Frank i8  located almost at the foot of Goat  Mountain, west of the Turtle Mountain slide. It was built eight years  ago by a company of mining men who  are interested in mining properties  in the Kootenays. The plant cost in  the neighborhood of $500,000, but the  machinery was not up to date and the  demand at the time did not warrant  the operation of the plant.  Since the property has been in hands  of Blairmore men, one of whom is  Lieut.-Col.   Lyon.  Many Lethbridge people have been  through the extensive buildings on  visits to Frank. There are two large  wings, one of which is 350 feet by  40 feet*" and the other almost as.  large, The buildings are of brick and!  stone, and are in a good state of repair. The ovens are all intact and  capable, it is understood, of handling  2,000   tons of ore   daily.  The Frank plant was the first zinc  smelting plant in Canada. Up till  quite recently zinc ores have had to  be sent to the Guggenheim^ of Colorado, for smelting. It is understood, however, that the Trail  smelter has lately equipped a small  zinc smelting plant, but if the Frank  proposition goes through most of the  zinc matter will be brought from the  British Columbia smelter to the Frank  smelter for the final process.���������Lethbridge  Herald.  Synthetic Diamonds Are on Deck  Once More  Synthetic diamonds are .once more  to the fore. On this occasion a Swiss  scientist announces that he has discovered a method of manufacturing  the precious stones. The announcement probably , will not cause any  owners of diamond mines to lie awake  "tt night in worry over the prospect  of having their business swept away.  j.^Qn-_ numerous- occasions - during - th e  past 50 years scientists have caused  short-lived sensations by stating that  they had discovered a method- of  manufacturing diamonds. On each  occasion the^ prospect of diamonds being made as cheap as paste or glass  or other substitute has been pictured  to the public. But there has always  been a flaw in the ointment, even if  the diamond appeared perfect. That  flaw has been that the synthetic  stones were ~ very small, that they  were only of the lower grade of stone  and that they cost more to make  than the natural stones can be purchased   for.���������Nelson  News.  Garden Competition  About four hundred applications  have been received by tlie Local Council of Women for entries in the garden  competition this year. Last year the  Children's Aid Society was the only  home .to enter the contest, but this  year it is hoped the other homes and  orphanages will come into the competition and _f there are sufficient entries, there will be special prizes offered for this branch. Seventeen  schools have entered the competition,  and the teachers have been formed into  a committee to make periodical visits  to all the gardens in the eity. They  will be assisted by the ladies of tlie  council. The usual prizes are being'  offered, and it is likely that a cup  will be presented to the school having  the  best  garden;  Sister (writing letter to brother at  the front)���������And hae ye onything else  tae say.   father?  Father���������Ay! Tell Donal' that if he  comes ower yon German waiter that*  gaed us a bad saxpence for change  when we had a bit dinner in London  a while syne, tell him���������tae���������tak���������  steady ,.aim,���������Punch.  . A quarterly dividend of . three per  cent. and> an additional dividend of  two per cent, payable March 31, 3916,  has been declared by the Hedley Gold  Mining   Company.  TIGHTENING THE EMPIRE  In any other age than the present, the rapid solidification of the  British empire would be feverishly  watched as one of the most significant  of contemporary movement*. Heretofore the British Isles have stood  rather apart and aloof from the oversea colonies. A large measure of self-  government was permitted them, it  is true, and amicable relations prevailed . throughout the Empire. >But  since the war_ began there has been  such a tightening of the bonds as to  leave the observer with the impression the political machinery may soon  be changed. Already there is talk  to the effect that a new house, a  house represented by oversea colonials, shall be incorporated into parliament. In the war councils the  British ministry and the press support the idea that the dominions  should have full and complete representation. It is said that the  dominions, too, will have their share  in f ormuating the terms of peace. A  deference to their wishes that is almost profuse now marks the behavior of the British government.  The cordial recognition of the principle that every colony has a right  to representation shows how far  Great Britain has progressed since  the days of '76. The admission of  the dominions to the most intimate  councils of the government undoubtedly marks the dawn of a. new era.  England has already ceased to be England. She is slowly losing her identity  in that larger, more baffling agglomeration known as the British Empire. Indeed it is not difficult to  look towards the day when Australians" will look upon Canadians,  Scotchmen, Irishmen, Englishmen and  Boers, as New Yorkers, let us say,  look upon Californians, Texans, Da-  kotans Pennsylvanians and Oregon-  ians. Just as the New Yorker now  thinks of the representatives of these  various states primarily as Americans so may the Australians look upon  these various races primarily as Britishers. So close is growing the friendship between the British colonies now  that Mr. Hughes, Prime Minister of  Australia, not long ago was sworn in  as a member of the Dominion privy  council in* Canada and attended a  cabinet council*. in Ottawa. And both  Mr. Hughes and the Canadian Premier, Sir )Bobert .Borden, have been  called to attend the cabinet meetings  in  Downing street.  The war has unquestionably given  the Imperial movement such an impetus as it never would have gained in years of peace. The affection  and gratitude of England for her  colonies is boundless. The conduct  of' the colonies has merited only the  highest praise. Practically anything  the colonies want, England has announced herself as willing to give,  America is accustomed to think of  herself as a heterogeneous nation,  but what sort of an Empire will the  British ultimately be if the process  of fusion goes on? Something in the  neighborhood of 400,000;000 peoples  representing every sort of dissimilar  creed, race, color and civilization are  drawing closer and closer together  every day. The future of this stupendous aggregation of human beings  leaves the mind dizzy with speculations.���������The Municipal   Tribune.  Germany a Bad Neighbor '  The assurance wnich Holland has  received from Berlin that "the principles of German submarine warfare  have not been altered except as to  armed merchantmen" will hardly satisfy a country greatly wronged. Such  a message as this must be interpreted in the light of the record, not  only of German words, but German  ^leeds.'--~-^-^-"--------���������-=-���������-������������������^���������^���������=  Since the opening of hostilities 203  neutral vessels -oeionging to Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Holland  have been sunk in the North Sea by  German submarines, warships or  mines. Of these, Norway lost 97, Sweden 50, Denmark 28 and Holland 28.  Our grievance against Germany is its  wanton destruction of merchantmen  having Americans aboard .as passengers or members of the crew. Tlie  figures here presented show what a  price tlie small noutral nations adjacent to the North Sea have paid for  persisting in a commerce perfectly  lawful   and   to them   a   necessity.  To say that there has been no  change in tho principles of a mur  dcrous   warfare  which  does not   spare  even good neighbors amounts to a  warning that the mischief is to continue indefinitely. With such a score  against it among its friends, what  reason is there to suppose that Germany's promises to the United States  to mitigate its warfare upon its enemies were not given with mental  reservations.XThe   New  York  World;  Ondp Gabrilowltscli  New York, Boston, and Chicago,  have been deeply stirred by the unusual performances of Gabrilowitsch,  one of the masters of the piano, in a  series of six historical recitals representing the develdpment of piano music from the early days of the clavichord and harpsichord to the present  time. Louis C. Elson writes in the  Boston Advertiser:  "The highest praise we can give  Mr. Gabrilowitsch is to say that we  can forget the artist in the beauty  of his creation. For the first time we  seemed to hear the piano speak with  a voice of its own. The pianist effaces himself, becomes one with the  music, in whose manifold beauties  we find ourselves immersed without  the disturbing thought of an eminent  virtuoso at the piano. This is Mr.  Gabrilowitsch's most unique distinction."  N.  PHONE SEYMOUR 9086  KEEP  Your papers and Valuables in  A PRIVATE BOX  In our Safety Vault  $2.50 PER ANNUM  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122  Hastings St.  West  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  BarxiBtera and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental'  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner!  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building. Ottawa.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  > BEGULATION8  Coal mining rights of the Demin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a par- .  tion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one '  applicant. X  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  subdivisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant   himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tho  rate of five cents per ton.  -The person-operating the" mine" shall"  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of   Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy  Minister   of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication ot  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  What is woman's vocation? Honie-  niaking, of course. The teaching of  the science first began by private enterprise is slowly making its wa}- into  our schools, first optional and now  compulsory. There should be more  health, more beauty, more happiness  in our hoin.es for this is what home  economics mean to us. It means to  give to the woman, the head of the  household an opportunity to know her  business.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL 8  THE WESTERN CALL  Cherniaysky Trip to   Ap pear In Concert May 1  Russians  Create  Marvelous Sensation  With  Wonderful  Music  Leo, Jan and Mischel Cherniavsky,  the extraordinary Russian musicians  who have literally set Canada on fire,  are having a series of successes unique in  the history of Canada.  The wonderful Cherniavskys , will  be with us on May 1st, at St. Andrew 's church, and great enthusiasm  js being felt in their visit.  An Auckland contemporary publishes: "The most recent light; shed by  psychical research on music is quite  fascinating and calculated to arouse  the greatest enthusiasm among all  classes of the community. It seems  that the objective of music is to inspire and stimulate various activities,  physical, mental and spiritual. A  good deal of instrumental music is  intended to elevate the industrial  workers and inspire them. This is the  design that psychic students have discerned behind the origin of music.  In future our workers, agricultural  and otherwise, will be able toA' look  at music from  this aspect, an aspect  which is indeed calculated to  make one feel grateful to the  Giver of all life, for His encouragement, for of all classes of workers,  we think the agriculturist requires  stimulation to give his best efforts.  We trust that this ^community will  take this matter seriously. and in f u-!  ture *do all in their power to develop music in their midst. The advent of Leo, Jan and Mischel Cherniavsky, the world famous violinist,  pianist and 'cellist should be used as  an impulse to give the necessary enthusiasm to the idea. We should consider it a sacred duty that devolves  upon us, to bid a hearty welcome to  all great artists that visit us in the  future.''  Let us be determined to give such  a stirring * reception to these wonderfully gifted artists that the enthusiasm aroused may tend towards inducing a greater number of other great  artists to visit us. To achieve this  purpose we must show the Cherniavskys that we know how to appreciate a good thing when it comes our  way.  .V   ' "(?.���������  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU.  5c  14  Ounce  Loaf  SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values which make strength  and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean. " .X-'���������"���������'������������������*���������.  BUTTEB-NtrT  BIMBAD  is the best and least expensive food you can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. Comes in sani-^  tary waxed wrappers. .  Shelly Pros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the, popular 4X Bread. .   Pair. 44.  i'  ARMSTRONG, MOJUUSON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  ._. Head Omcer8lO-l5-Bower-BuUmng       -  Seymour 1836   .  YANOOUVJBB  CANADA  Dominion Coal Co*  SOUTH WE-UiXNGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All .Kinds Of Wood Phone; Fair. 1554  wp~-AT4)������$%  Tr/.,^j~xii'j-lte"J������r*- j>  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Splendid Rendering of Mendelssohn's  "Elijah"  The production of Mendelssohn 's '' Elijah'' last Tuesday  evening in the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church, under the patronage of the Vancouver School  Board, was one of the most  noteworthy, given by the Vancouver Musical Society during  the five years since its inception.  With Mr. George P. Hicks  wielding the conductor's baton,  a most commendable performance was given, that field  throughout the long evening  the full attention and' lively appreciation of the throng that  filled  the   church  to capacity.  Needless to say, the choir,  thanks to the careful training of  Mr. Hicks, was able to give an  admirable account of itself, and  marshalling its forces in fine  style went through the long  work with fine straightforward  sincerity of purpose. The pace  was not allowed to lag, Mr.  Hicks taking the choruses  through at a brisk tempo. The  savage insistence of the Baal  choruses with their picturesque  Oriental quality and the "tempestuous and elemental passions  of the children of Israel, quickly stirred to hate or awe, gave  ample opportunity for dramatic  effect, and the full-throated  choruses, such as "Be Not  Afraid," and "Thanks Be to  God," were marked by a certain  majesty of conception and a pulsing vigor of movement.  Soloists in Splendid Voice  The soloists of the evening  were Mrs. Chandler Sloan, soprano j Miss Eileen Maguire, coja-  tralto; Mr. Alexander Wallace,  tenor, and Mr. Gideon Hick;s,  bass. The l&st-named in the 'diffi-  cult role of the prophet acquitted himself if his well-knovyn  admirable manner, showing a  grasp of the dramatic possibilities ; of the part, and singing \ in  straightforward and yigorpus  style. The passages of recitative  enabled him to show his command of emotional powers as  varied in range as the fine scorn  and derision of "Call Him  Louder" to the confidence and  tranquility of "I Go on My  Way," while his interpretation  of the many familiar arias allotted to the part of Elijah called forth great applause. Mrs.  Chandler Sloan had also many  demands made upon her powers  of endurance which she admirably met, singing throughout  with a fine, clear quality of tone  and showing a command of expression that Avon for her un-  stintecL_applause.,,,��������� ,,.---    ^���������~._-  The familiar cavatine, "0,  Rest in the Lord," sung by Miss  Eileen Maguire, was one of the  gems of the evening. The sterling qualities of this well-known  singer's work were once again  iully evident and she sang with  a poignant yet artistically restrained feeling and clear beauty  on tone that was a delight to her  hearers. The tenor, Mr. Wallace,  sang* with sweetness and delicacy, evincing an intuitive sympathy with the role he was sustaining. The unaccompanied  trip for women's voices and the  quartettes were entrusted to  several of the leading singers  among the choir, while the orchestra provided a tapestried  background of well-balanced and  finely-blent sound, the strings  led by Mrs. Hastings Dresses  and Mrs. Knight Hodge, with  Mr. Bridgman, P.T.C.M., at the  organ and Mr. Harold Hicks as  pianist.  THE QUEST OF THE V. 0,  T  Charlie Was Beady  Chaplin -was introduced to Caruso  the  other night.  'Ah! Ze Caruso of ze cinema, I  greet you,'' exclaimed Caruso with  his   characteristic    modesty.  Chaplin hesitated only a second, advancing smiling and with outstretched  hand.  'Delighted���������the Chaplin of the opera. I congratulate you.'���������New York  Globe.  HEKE was tumultuous cheering  in the ranks of the Irish  Guards, somewhere in France.  Sergeant O'Keiliy, V.C., had returned to the trenches,- Two months ber  fore, Private O 'Eeilly had, with a  scorching-hot machine-gun, held, single-handed, an important trench after all his comrades had fallen. Incidentally, he had also saved the. life  of an officer, who lay. wounded and  exposed on the parapet of the, trench.  His was but one of niahy such brave  deeds which occurred almost daily  along that terrible front/ but 0 'Beil-  ly-'a deed had the advantage of being conspicuous.. Hence his two  months' leave, his journey to London and his reception at Buckingham  Palace, where the King himself  pinned the little bronze cross to his  khaki jacket. Hence his public re  ception in his native village of Tul-  lameelan, where they hung garlands  of flowers about his neck, and his  old mother wept tears of joyful  pride. Hence, too, his return with the  sergeant's stripes. The story of the  honors heaped'' upon him had been  duly chronicled and illustrated in the  press, and had preceded his return  to the trenches. Hence his joyful  reception by  the   regiment.  Private Finnessy and Private Mal-  oney had been among the first to  grasp the hero's hand, and had' joined heartily' in the vociferous cheer  ing, but now that affairs had again  resumed their normal round, these  two companions sat at the bottom  of   the trench,   smoking   thoughtfully.  "O'Reilly's a brave man," said  Finnessy, then added, after a- pause,  ^'the  lucky   divil!"  "I   believe ye,"   replied  Maloney.  "And he only five feet sivin,"  continued Finnessy.  ^ "With one punch," said Moloney,  contemplating his hairy *fist, "I could  lift  him  into the  inemy's trenches!"  "Do you mind how all the girls in  Tullameelan kissed, him?" said Finnessy.  "I know one girl there that  didn't!"   said Moloney,   hotly.  "And I know another!" as hotly  replied   Finnesy.  ''The papers are nothin' but lyin'  rags,"  said Moloney.  "I believe   ye,''   said Finnessy.  Viciously whistled the bullets  across the top of the trench and a  shell or two whined overhead, unheeded by the comrades, long accustomed   to   the    sound*,  ''But I'm not denyin'," said Finnessy, after a pause, "that the little  brown cross is a great temptation  to anny girl."  "It  is that!"  agreed  Moloney.  ���������   #   > .".���������'������ ..*���������������    ������  '' At five o 'clock!" the whisper ran  along the trench. Since three o'clock  the guns massed on the hills behind  them had been sending a shrieking  ..death-storm into the enemy's  trenches in front of the Irish Guards.  At five, promptly, the storm of shell  would cease. At a given signal the  and rush the trenches before them,  parapet, make their way through the  openings in the wire entanglements,  ad rush the trenches before them.  There was no outward excitement.  The aspect of the men remained unchanged, but one could feel the  nervous tension. A young subaltern,  near Finnessy and Moloney, glanced  occasionally at his wrist-watch, and  smoked his cigarette more rapidly  than usual.  "If he falls," whispered Finnessy  to Moloney, '' 'tis mesilf that will  bring   him   in."  "You will not," said Moloney.  "I've had me eye on him fr wakes-"  "Ye can have the Major," said  Finnessy.      X  ....J.W.11-not!^-said -Moloney,-"'twud  take   a horse   to   carry   him   in!"  The batteries ceased firing. A  low whistle sounded. The men  grasped their rifles with baj'onets  fixed. Cold steel alone must do the  work now. Another whistle. With a  hoarse cheer, the men climbed out  over the front of the trench, and the  charge was on.  Side by side raced Finnessy ' and  Moloney, with eyes fixed on the  young subaltern who, carrying a  rifle, was springing on before them.  For a few moments it seemed that  the batteries had effectually silenced  the trenches of the enemy immediately in front. A hundred yards  further and they would be reached.  Now, however, from that line of  piled earth and barbed-wire came  the, crackling roar of machine-guns.  For a moment the men wavered and  many fell, but with a growl, the  others rushed on. Fifty yards further, and then the ground seemed to  heave up and hit Finnessy and Moloney. Side by side they lay, with  their faces partly rooted in the  trampled ground. To their ears came  dully the sound of the fierce hand-  to-hand fighting beyond them. Slowly they scraped the dirt from their  faces  and   looked at each  other.  "Where did they get ye, Finnessy?"   asked  Moloney.  "In   the   leg,"   groaned   Finnessy.  "The same fr me," moaned Moloney. .  The bullets of the machine-guns  still sang over them, and both men  began to dig into the soft earth and  pile it into a mound in front of their  heads.  Now back across the torn ground  came the remnant of the charge, for  the trenches had not been taken.  Pome ran, others walked or crowled  or were carried, but always oyer  them and among them whirred the  leaden death. Soon Moloney and  Finnessy were left alone in their little  self-made   trenches,  for   none   of  Friday, April 21, 1916.  QUIETLY, QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY, YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED    X  m*m\*m4Mm*m4mm%m4^m4m%*Mm*m^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ _^H^^^^^^^^^^^^-. ___________________ ��������� V  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking or-losing ai  valuable furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE  CAMPBELL MAKES  A BUSINESS TO MOVE  GOODS THAT WAY.  The big CAMPBELL "Car Vans" are  heavily padded inside  a_  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection.. Only skillful, intell  gent movers handle your goods.   AND the charge is surprisingly smi  Phone Seymour 7360 for full particulars.  Campbell$torace (ompany  Oldest amp larsest in w^stertn Canada  ���������PhoneSeymour 7300 0mcE8573EATrv_.STREET  Office Phone:   Seymour   8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store  Fixture  Manufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters, Show Oases  Painting, Paperhanging and Ralsominlng  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B. C.  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  in  Boots  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  f eel at ease at once.   The style is there, too, and -  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  .  LECKIES' and compare them with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them on your feet. Don't  forget���������they're made in B. C���������name stamped  on each pair.  AT ALL DEALEM  their retreating comrades had. noticed  them. ,. ...,...:  Twilight was fading, when a brilliant idea flashed across the .mind of  Finnessy. The intensity of the illumination almost dazed him for a, moment.  "Moloney," said Finnessy, " 'tis  not very sthrong ye're feelin', I'm  thinkin'."  "Ye're think-tank is oyerflowin'  shut it off!" growled Moloney.  "Sure, Moloney, ye'er voice is very  wake! Ye'll be faintin' in a minute!"   said   Finnessy,   soothingly.  "I'll nit!" cried Moloney. "What's  eatin'   ye?"  "Poor old boy!" purred Finnessy,  "ye're in a disperate state. Ye must  be   rescued.    I'm    goin'    to   take    ye  in!"  "How?" asked Moloney.  "I'm goin' to take ye on me back  and crawl in with ye. It's me duty  to do jt and 5ng]andexpi(^s_ every  Irishman to do his duty! Me only  reward will be ye'er gratitood!" said  Finnessy,  Slowly the brilliant idea spread to  the   mind of Moloney.  "Sure, Finnessy,"; said Moloney,  "'tis brave and kind of ye, but I  can't accipt ye'er sacrifice. 'Tis yer-  silf that must be saved. I can hear  the trimble in ye'er speech. No one  can say that a Moloney iver diserted  a friend! I'll take ye in if I die fr  it!"   .'  "Don't be a fool, Moloney; ye  know   ye're waker   than   I   am!"  "I'm not!" cried Moloney. "I'm  as sthrong as a horse, and. I am  goin' to save ye or perish in the at-  timpt!"  "Ye selfish baste!" howled Finnessy. "Ye'd spoil me chance for the  V.   C.   would   yeV  "Silfish baste ye'crsilf!" roared  Moloney. "'Tis me own chance!  And in ye'll go on me back, dead or  alive!"    - '  Moloney and Finnessy reached for  each other.  Back in the trenches of the Irish  Guards the young subaltern, peering  through a loophole,. saw dimly  through the growing dusk the struggles  of Moloney  and Finnessy.  "Poor devils," he muttered, "must  be in agony! Didn't know any were  left" alive out   there.'  Even as he spoke, a wiry figure  beside him sprang to the top of the  parapet and started towards the  struggling   men.  Now the enemy's trench awoke  again, but presently, through the  zone of death, the subaltern and all  who could secure loopholes, saw  that wiry figure slowly crawling,  crawling back towards their trench,  dragging behind him two reluctant  but   exhausted   men.  As the limp bodies of Finnessy  and Moloney slid down into the  trench a cheer broke forth from' the  men, which  drowned the noise of the  firing.   Slowly. Finnessy and Moloney-  opened   their   eyes.       The   subaltern  was    speaking.  ."Sergeant. O'Reilly,,'/ he said, ".if  such a thing is possible, you deserve  and should have another Victoria  Cross!"  Again the cheers  broke forth.  Finnesy  looked  at  Moloney.  "For the love of Mike!" said Finnessy.  "I believe ye!'  said Moloney.  ���������A. Byers  Fletcher,  ni "Life."  Frank Slavin's Spirit  The 67th Battalion Western Scottish from Bictoria, B. C, is a worthy ri var to the Princess Patricias.  The battalion was recruited from, all  over British Columbia, and contains;  hundreds of men who roughed it in  mining camps, the Yukon and Northern British Columbia, lumber jacks,  prospectors, fishermen ^and ojther pio-  heersT ~ Oiie of the members of the  battalion is Frank Slavin, well known  to the sporting fraternity of a generation ago in Australia, England and  America as a champion pugilist. Slavin was the. last of the pugilists to  fight with bare fists. The old veteran  still carries the scars of many fistic  encounters on his features. When the  battalion was inspected in Ottawa  on its way east by the Duke of Connaught, he noticed the ribbons which.  Slavin wore referring to a period in  the early seventies. "How old are  you, my man?" inquired His Eoyal  Highness. " Forty:five, sir,"w-as the  prompt reply of the ex-pugilist. The  Duke smiled and turning . to���������: the Colonel of the regiment said, "It shows  a fine spirit when men will tell lies  about their age in order to get. overseas." Slavin has a son twenty-four  years of age who is going over with  the   next lot   from Victoria.  ��������� 4> # ������  What Kind of Shells?  The worries of a prop boy of the  film studio are many. As an instance  when a Pallas Picture director left  a message for '' Spider'' the freckle-  face youth in charge of props, to  bring him a box of shells immediately, our little hero was in a quandary.. The director was staging "David Garrick" far away on a "location." Now what kind of shells did  he   want,   gun, oyster or sea-shells?  JUXHJEJ  O&is rreanOobacco

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