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The Western Call Mar 10, 1916

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Array Provincial   Librarv  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Keqrney  J  M. Mclntyre  Funeral Director  T. J. Kearney & Co.  Funeral   Directors  and  Bmbalmers.  At your service day and  night.  Moderate charges-  802 Broadway.West  Pbone: Fair. 1098 *  iOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   V FRIDAY, MARCH 10,  1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 44  The secretaries of all Clubs  and Associations (whether social, religious ; or political) as  well us private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication.  A reception- was tendered by  the people of St. Paul's Presbyterian church to their new  pastor, 'Rev. R. G. McBeth and  Mrs. McBeth Thursday evening  of this week. A very large number were present aud. an. enjoyable time was spent,  The   regular  meeting  of   the  Ward V. branch of the Woman's  Forum was held on Wednesday  \ afternoon.      There   was a   very  good attendance to hear Dr.  Belle Wilson's address on "Child  Life in the public schools."  Next month; it is. expected Mrs.  Irene Moody, school trustee, will  address the -���������meeting.  The annual spring concert of  the choir of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ehiu'blv will be. held on the  'levelling-of March 17th; (St: Patrick's Day) in the church, under  the direction of L. R. Bridgman;;  ���������conductor. A choice musical program --will be rendered by the  choir, assisted by Miss Gladys  "-^ochran''e.-'"'''-L.l\:GTM:'';::'''1('6'o'ntra.lto);,  Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw, B. A.,  reader, and the male quartette of.  the 72nd Highlanders* Overseas  Battalion. A good time is promised to all  who attend.  The Babies' Branch of the Woman's Auxiliary held their annual meeting at St. Michael's  church yesterday afternoon, and  in the evening a missionary play  was given by the junior branch.  Wrs. William Brown, a former  resident of Prince Edward Island, passed away at her home.  223 13th avenue east on Tuesday  of this week. Interment was  made iii Mountain View cemetery. ���������     '  On   Wednesday   evening   last  the friends of Mr. and Mrs. C.  Sttnvart met at the Mt. Pleasant  Methodist church at a farewell  tea and reception in their honor.  Mr. and Mrs. Stewart have gone  to reside 'in Toronto.  On    Tuesday morning   at the  ���������juncture of -Kingsway and. llth  aivenue an automobile collided  with a wagon- belonging to the  Star Laundry, "causing the death  of. a valuable' horse and considerable damage to the wagon. The  driver of the wagon, however,  escaped unhurt.  Mr. Andrew Johnstone, second sou of Mr. and Mrs. J. G.  Johnstone, 2735 Sophia street,  leaves  tomorrow   (Saturday)  for  I Kingston, Ontario, where he has  enlisted with the Queen's College Heavy Artillery division for  |i overseas service. Mr. Johnstone  has been connected with the Union Steamship Co. for a long  "fcimeXiTavin-g risen from midship--  uian to captain in the employ of  that company. His brother. D.  M. Johnstone, is serving in the  lGtl.1 battalion Cnnadian Scottish, having gone over with 'the  First Contingent.  In honor of Miss Lillian  Stuart, who is to enter Royal  Columbian hospital for training  in a few weeks, a number ol: her  young -friends gathered at the  home of her parents, Mr. and  .Mrs. S. A. Stuart. 90 L 8th avenue  west, on Friday evening, for a  party. The occasion also marked  M iss Stuart's birthday. Music,  games and dancing helped to  pass a merry evening. The prizes for the evening were won by  Mrs. Elmer and M.r. Herbert  ~Fec. Late in the evening supper  was served from a table decorated with carnations and daffodils. The guests included Mr.  and Mrs. Elmer, Misses Beulah  Stuart. Rena Wade,'Mary Fairey,  Winnie Crumb, Lou Elmer, Minnie Stuart, Cassic Nadeau and  Messrs. Russell Hawk. Jack Es-  selmont. George Kent, Hitley  Verge, Laurier Sehennett and  Herbert   Fee.  Beginning Sunday next, March  12,--In.the Mount Pleasant Hall,  corner, 8th. avenue and Ontario  street, evangelistic services will  be conducted each evening except. Friday and Saturday. Sunday nights at 7.30;: week nights  t'itS o'clock. Mr. D. Burden and  Mr. W. W. Reid will address the  meetings. "Popular Perversions  of the Scriptures" is the subject  to be dealt with at the Bible  Class on Sunday afternoon at  2.30.  Miss Olive Beaton, the popular organist, has returned to her  home on Ontario street after a  lengthy   stay  at Quesnel   in the  Cariboo.  J  The Connaught Chapter of the  Daughters of the Empire meet  this afternoon at the home of  Mrs. Gartshore, 126 12th avenue  west.  The results of the tests    for  February have been announced  at the Mount Pleasant school.  The coveted placeoof class,leader has been won by the following pupils in the 'senior classes:  John Mitchell, Mr. McKee's  class; Jean Bowser, Miss Dewis'  class; Mabel Stewart, Miss Fred-  erickson's class. The highest percentage of attendance was made  in Div. V., 94.12 per cent.  The regular monthly consecration meeting of the senior Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian C. E. was  held on Monday evening. Mr. G.  C. Richmond and Miss M. Walton were in charge of the meeting.  Under   the direction of Prof.  Ainsley, a concert will be held  on March 28 at the South Hill  Baptist church, South Vancouver, in aid of the church fund.  A social was held last night at  the home of Mrs. Dorr, 231 65th  avenue east, under the auspices  of the Fraser River: branch of  the Red  Cross.  Rev. R. G. McBeth took up his  duties on Sunday as pastor of  St. Paul's Presbyterian church,  preaching both moring and  evening. In the morning he spoke  on the necessity of a definite purpose in life, and in the evening  on the subject of unity of  thought aiid purpose for the  maintenance of God's house.  A bright little, whist drive and  dance under the auspices of the  Alexandra Review No. 7 of the  Women's Benefit Association of  the Maccabees was held on Wednesday evening in the K. P.  Hall. The committee in charge  of arrangements consisted of  lady commander, Mrs. Wilson,  Mrs. Cameron, Mrs. Colville,  Mrs. Tubman, Mrs. Morrison.  Mrs. Leslie, Mrs. Negrean, Mrs.  .Del/.ell, Mrs. Shick, Mrs. Foot  ������������������nd Mrs-. Tailing. A delightful  musical program was provided  by- Miss Winnifred Layley, Mr.  Hough, Mr. J. AV. McLeod, Mr.  Edward Crane and the. Misses  Crane. " The ladies' first prize  went to Mrs. Ellison, while Mr.  Cameron captured the gentleman's first. Miss Brown won  the consolation prize. An unusually large crowd was in attendance.  B. C. CONSUMERS' LEAGUE  HOLDS ANNUAL RALLY  In Wesley church last night the work of the B. C. Consumers' League since its inception, a year and. a half ago, came  up for a thorough review and criticism at the annual rally.  The membership is now over 8,500, all of-these* members  being pledged to give preference when purchasing goods  (price and quality being equal) first, to the products of  British Columbia; second, to those of Canada; third, to those  of  the  British Empire.  On the platform with Mrs. J. C. Kemp, the president of  the league, were Mrs. Ralph Smith and Mayor McBeath.  Mr. J. A., Cunningham, president of the Manufacturers' Association, also spoke at some length on the lack of support  given to the League. "If we aire to fill up our vacant houses  we must take advantage-bf the^-f__������id'ti������a'Cttiri-ng>' possibilities of  the province and also support our industries," he said in  conclusion.  The report of Mrs. Kemp was a lengthy one and filled  with interest. It recommended that the government stamp  the origin of all imported goods on the packages, an-d also  called attention to the enviable opportunity British Columbia  has to take advantage of its future, just as other countries,  states and provinces have done.  The evening closed with a short musical program, after  which refreshments were, served, composed entirely of British Columbia products. ���������      . -     '  The Pythian Sisters held their  regular social and dance on Tuesdays vening-inXhe-K.-JX-Hall."  Special  Lenten services   were  held at 8 o'clock on Wednesday  evening at St. Michael's church.  Throughout Lent there will be a  service for the children each  Friday evening at 7.15.  Messrs. Wood & Son are making extensive alterations to the  interior of their shoe store on  Main, street with a .view to increasing the display space for  their   spring   stocks.  Under the auspices of the  Women's Guild of Mt. Pleas-  and Presbyterian church, a daffodil lea was held at the home of  Mrs. W. II. "Mason. 106 Sth ave.  east, yesterday afternoon. Mrs.  J. J. G. Thompson and Mrs. Mason were hostesses, and Mrs.  Reid, Mrs. .McMillan ancl Mrs.  Milton poured tea, the table being decorated with daffodils in  a large silver bowl. Sirs. AV. H.  Sleeves was in charge of the  dining room and Mrs. Robertson  was treasurer. Mrs. Murray,  Mrs. Neill and Mrs. Munro assisted. A musical program was  rendered by the following: Miss  McKnight, Miss Ethel Riches.  Miss Ruth Mitchell, Miss Duthie.  Mrs. Cunningham. Miss Margaret-  Ross, Miss Craigen, Miss Maye  and Miss Burnett.  The young* ladies of the Florence Nightingale Surgical Club  held an "at home" last night  at the residence of Mrs. C. Tcr-  nau, 335 13th ave. west. An excellent musical program was pre-  vided.  At the services in the Mt. Pleasant Methodist church last Sunday the 72ud Highlanders male  quartette sang several selections . Over 40 new names were  added to the church membership, among them belli;.; six of  the boys at the front. On March  l!>i!i the third memorial tabid  will be vniveiled. the service psr-  i a king of  a patriotic   nature.  Smith, Geo. Adams and H. Hoy,  of, New Westminster; Dr. W. H.  B...Anderson,. JI.X[XDeVine,-E.  W. Welsh, F. L. Endlong, J.P.  Nightingale and R. IT. Maeauley,  of Vancouver, and a large number3 of delegates from every part  of tlie province. Mayor McBeath  is personally extending a hearty  welcome on behalf of the city of  Vancouver to the officers and delegates of the Grand Lodge.  ouurmao  Rev.   J.   Richmond   Craig,   of  the Westminster Presbyterian  church, who is at present on a  short holiday on Vancouver Island for the benefit of his health  will return  next week.  The brewery license granted  by the last year's board,  aud which caused so much discussion during the year, was cancelled yesterday by the license com-,  missioners on the advice of the  municipal solicitor.  Many requests for new sidewalks were received by the  board of works on Saturday, but  in every case they were refused  on account of scarcity of funds.  The   heavy  rains  this   week  have caused much flooding in  some districts of this municipality. On Manitoba street and  Sixty-fifth avenue a wash-out occurred which broke a water main,  causing a flood on the River  road. '.<[, Several men have been  oUt both day and night trying-  to keep the culverts open and the  water, moving.  A delightful house party was  given at Mr. C. Wilson's, Bodwell road, on Friday evening  last, at which a number of young  people from Mt. Pleasant,and vicinity were present. The evening  was spent in old-fashioned games  and dances.  Early on Friday morning last  the vacant dwelling owned by  Allan McLean, at 57020th aye;  east, was partially destroyed. by  a fire which was evidently c&usV  ed by the owner haying overheated the kitchen stove hi an  attempt to dry the house but.  Further    reductions    of    the  municipal staff are proposed by  Reeve Winram which, if agreed  to by the council, will let out  Engineer Bennett, Building Superintendent Hubbard, Mr. T.  H. Jacques, ledger clerk, and  three police constables, two of  whom have already left. With  previous reductions and cuts in  salaries it is estimated that the  reeve's proposals ;will effect a  saving of $12,000 a year.  Mr.     Albert    Gittihgs,     4721  Gladstone street, organist, and  choirmaster of St. Thomas church  has been successful in gaining  L. (Associate of Trinity College  the professional diploma A.T.C.  of Music) London, England, at  the recent examination held at  the college. Mr. Gittings.is believed to be the first in Vancou-  vou  to  gain  this  distinction.  A Whist  drive  in  aid of the  Victorian Order of Nurses- has  been, arranged ..for St. Patrick's  night, March. 17, at tbe home of  Mrs. Fred L. Macpherson, Salsbury drive.  " The big blow on Sunday evening gave the fire department a  busy time, four fires occurring  within two hours. They were not  of a very serious nature, however,  tliX "d a ni age hr - e a chX n'stan ee "be--  ing slight. The first; alarm came  from the Beath block, a large  structure at the corner of. 24th  and Main. Three others followed  in quick succession from No. 90,  Fortieth avenue, 2Sth and Windsor, and 39th and Victoria Drive,  all dwelling  houses.  The Rainbow Circle of King's  Daughters will meet this Friday  afternoon at 2.30 at the home of  Mrs. D. IT. Robinson, 22:37 Victoria Drive. The regular business  meeting will be followed by an.  address by Mrs. Hector McPherson.  A fire occurred at 3327 Parker street on Saturday evening  last completely destroying a  frame bungalow owned and oc-  cTipicd bX MT\~~J^m^  The fire, started from an, overheated range. The loss is partially  covered by insurance.  The following new names have  been added 1:6 the active service  honor roll of the Britannia high  school:    Leslie   Tavlor  Mac Donald.  The 23rd regular session of  the Ancient Order of Urn ted  Workmen opened in the K. <>f P.  hall. Mt. Pleasant on Thursday,  the !)th inst. The .following  officers were present: Mayor  Alex. Stewart. Fred'��������� Dawy, J.  T. Mcllwaine. C. T. Wrigleworth.  Wm. Scowcroft, Capt. J. 1). Warren. Thos. Cashmore. Of Victoria:  Dr. I-I. H. King and W. II. Wilson,  of Ladner: Dr. D.  E.  Wolf-  A memorial service will be held  in the Jubilee Methodist ehurch  next Sunday evening as an expression of regret at the passing  away of .Mrs. .John Murray, of  McKay. AVest Burnaby. wife of  ex-Councillor Murrav.  New m'ambers will be welcomed 1o tire Edmonds Sewing Circle which works in connection  with the Voluntary.Aid of the St.  John's Ambulance Association,  meeting every Thursday afternoon -.between 2.30 and 4.30 in  the Moreton Hall. During the six  months from the end of June,  when the circle was formed, the  .sum of $118.45 was collected in  fees and donations and handed  to headquarters in return for  which materials were supplied.  The following list of, articles  have been, made 157 hospital  garments, shirts and pyjamas. Iti  towels. 260 bandages.  . Doifhld  Alex. Black, Lyman  Mr. G. H.'W. Hubbard, son of | MacDonald. Alfred ; Somerlon.  Building Superintendent Hub-; Norton Hopkins. In last Sat-  ba.rd of South Vancouver, andjurday's game. Brilannia vs. King  for same time employed, by the j George, the former won by a  municipal council as instrument j score- of 23-14. The game was  man on sewer work, lias joined! a '.rood one and in ihe first half  the Kingston University Heavy: Britannia obtained the lead, but  Artillery and will leave Van-iat half-lime the score was 0-9.  eouver on Saturday. Building j The second half B. II. S. did  Superintendent Hubbard has'miieh better in spite of their in-  four brothers now serving at. fhcj iVriorily in weight, and still hold  front and one brother was killed; their place at the top of the  while fighting with the IGfh bat-j league.  talion    last,    veari      ' i    i  In the monthly exams, held in  the Seymour schol, James Waters ranked first and Elen Ward  second in Div. I: Gladys McQuillan., ranked first and Ruth  Prentice second in Div. II. The  gi'rjs have organized a baseball  club with Mariorie Mills as captain and Gertrude Williamson  as vice-captain. As soon as the  ''rounds are fixed they will begin practicing. As they nearly  succeeded in winiiiir_>'' the cup  last year they intend to go after it with renewed vigor this  season. James Waters is captain   of .j;the- bovs"   team.  The claim of Mrs. Emma Gold, I  mother'of   ex-Reeve  Gold of So.:  Vancouver,    for  damages  alleged;  to   have   been   done   to   her  pro-;  perty  on Main street   by   regrad-  ing.   has been' considered  by   thci  finance    committee    and   referred!  to the  municipal   solicitor.   Councillor   Russell,   chairman   of   the  board    of    works,   declared   that  the  claim  wu.s1 outlawed by  lapse  of...lime/as   the   work   was   completed   over :i   year   ago.   except  for   a   \ii\\:>   refilling,   which,    he  said, was   done hist   year   at   the  special request of Reeve Gold. THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 10, 1916j  (?  A Philosopher's View of the War  All great wars are truly fated.  It is ol little importance what  immediate set of causes occasioned them. Had Germany's conscious intentions been .��������� never  so kind and her official morals  never so exemplary, the mere  fact of her gaslike expansion  within a world packed with aggressive traditions, whose equilibrium depended' on opposition  instead of collaboration, would  sooner or later have caused conflict whieh in turn would inevitably have expanded into a  world war, because in this age  of universal interdependence any  serious shock' to one larger part  of the whole must needs upset  the whole. Germany's ambitions  were no more the primum mov-  ens of this catastrophe than were  Bonaparte's dreams of world  power the first cause of that of  a century ago.  "Second Act in Drama  History will probably consider  this conflagration as the' second  chief act of that great drama  of which the French Revolution  was the first. The latter inaugurated the emancipation of all  nations, notwithstanding the  fact that at first it brought op-  presion and even slavery to  many of them; this war, horrible|  though it be, means the prelude  to a still more wide-reaching  emancipation. And the latter's  process has already begun; even  now the ideals we fight for are  shaping the world. Whoever may  be eventually the master be  tween the Vistula and the Bug,  free shall Poland become; Aus  tria, once the stronghold of reaction, is developing, for fear of  losing her Slav subjects, a capacity for ruling on liberal lines,  which may become an example  to all States inhabited by diverse  races. Russia has started full  speed on a process of entire renewal, the ultimate result of  which none can as yet foretell.  No Reason for Pessimism  There is ho reason, therefore,  for pessimism, in spite of the  hideousness of the present situation. War cannot be other than  hideous, if conducted on such a  gigantic scale and with such in-  tensity of passion as now happens ; if the best intellects seem  blinded and the best hearts crippled by hate, the condition of  the majority must be appalling.  But, as I explained before, these  facts, however distressing they  be, mean very little, since men  are not themselves during fever;  and most of. the horrors will be  entirely forgotten afterward, just  as most healthy persons, after  having safely got over a. dangerous disease, think little of the sufferings they have gone through.  Let us never forget that this  war means a constitutional crisis, and judge it accordingly.  Only then shall we be able to  understand its phases.  PROVINCE OP B. C.  IN SOUND CONDITION  Buy Vancouver Real  Estate at these Prices  -NEVER AGAIN=  SUCH SACRIFICES  VMFS  Fourth Avenue Carline���������33 feet near Trutch St., formerly  held  at $4,500, for $1,600, on  terms.  Kitsilano���������Two 33 ft. lots, cleared,  on llth Avenue,  for  merly held at  $1,200 each,  for  $350  each.  Strathcona Heights���������50 ft. lot, magnificent view, on  25th  Avenue, held at $2,200, for $750, on terms.  Burnaby���������Fine high lot, near 17th Avenue and Laurel St.,  assessed  at  $300,  for  $90;00.  Point Grey���������33 ft. lot on the hill near ,22nd and Dunbar  St., a great  buy at  $350.  Fkirview���������50 ft. lot on llth Ave., near Pine Street. Cost  owner $3,300.   Sell for $900.  Point Grey���������33 ft. on 18th Ave. near Highbury Street, on  top of the hill,  for  $300.  Point Grey���������70 by 122  ft. on 21st Ave., near Crown  St.,  for $300.  South Vancouver���������A few Lots  on  66th and 67th Avenue  for $70.00   each.  Burnaby���������122 by 122 ft., near corner River Ave. and Gilley  Avenue  on the hill,  fine  view,  southern  exposure, for  --^$22o:00.T^^--^"^-"^^i--1-i" -���������������������������-���������-������-���������  ACREAGE  Burnaby���������2.35 acres, on Bumble Boad, on the sunny southern  slope. Dirt cheap at $1,150. On terms.  Lulu Island���������4 acres at Garden City, cleared, richest of  soil. Cost owner $320 per acre 8 years ago. Sell the 4  acres for $700.00.  Langley���������5 Acres near Milner Station, has all been under  cultivation.    Cost $300 per acre.   The whole for $650.  Gibson's Landing���������10 Acres on the Government Road, 3  miles from the Landing. Good land. Creek running  through, all  for $350.00.  Burnaby���������4.24 Acres, with long frontage on the B.  C E.  R. near   Jubilee   Station.   A   grand   property   with, a  . great future, improved.   $35,000 was one time refused  for   this same   property.   Can   be   bought   today   for  $6,500.  Coquitlam���������20 Acres of the very best soil, 21-2 miles  north of Coquitlam City, half mile from school, light  clearing. Owner paid over $500 per acre as a subdi  vision proposition. Sell to-day for $100 per acre on  terms.  Burnaby���������1 3-4 acres at Central Park, very cheap at $1,500.  HOUSES  Point Grey���������On Wilson Road carline, neat little 3-room  cottage, on lot 33.7 by 298.9 feet deep, all improved,  chicken house and runs. Formerly held at $3,300. Today  for  $1,350.  Fairview���������Quebec St., 5 room modern cottage, fireplace,  built in buffet, pannelled walls, etc., for $1,500 on  terms.  Kitsilano���������6-room modern house on lot 66 by 132 feet, with  fireplace, hardwood floors, furnace, bath and toilet separate,  former value was   $6,000.   Sell  for $3,150.  Fairview���������8 rooms, hardwood floors, hot water heat, all  fully modern, lot 50 ft. by 120, on 12th Avenue, near  Granville St.    Owner paid $9,000. Sell for $6,000.  Fairview���������7 rooms, hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, full 50 ft. lo,t, on 10th Ave., the best part,' a  $9,000 home for $5,500, including a $3,400 7 1-2 per cent,  mortgage.  Fairview���������8 rooms and one'on the 3rd floor, hot water  heat, garage, nice grounds, on llth Ave., near Yukon  Street. Formerly held at $10,000. Sell now for $6,000  on terms.  ALLAN BROS.  510 Pender St. West Phone Sey. 2873  Real Estate, Insurance and Mining  'WINTER IN VANCOUVER'  The results obtained from the  issue of the pamphlet "Winter  in Vancouver," which was largely circulated throughout the  prairies earlier in the year by  the city publicity department,  are stated to be very satisfactory so far. Many inquiries for  further information as to business, living and other conditions  have been received at the office,  and a number of people who formerly went east for their annual vacation have this year come  to Vancouver, while in many  cases the visitors have taken advantage of their stay here to  seek additional information at  the city office. In one instance  a gentleman from Saskatchewan  brought in a gypsum proposition  and was put in touch with the  mineralogical department. He  was on the lookout for wood  pulp from British Columbia to  work with his mineral deposit,  the combination being used for  the manufacture of a description  of. structural  building boards.  Tilefish catches continue to  increase. During January 398,-  000 pounds of . the fish were  landed at New, York, an increase of 135 per cent, over December.  Eight vessels have been chart-'  ered for a new steamship service between Puget Sound ports  on the Pacific Coast of the United States and Vladivostok. It  is expected that the new service  will help relieve the congestion  of freight at Puget Sound.  Bergen, one of the most important seaports in Norway, was  visited by the most destructive  fire in its history on Jan. 15. Estimates of the damage run all the  way from $11,000,000 to $27,000,-  000. Practically the whole of the  retail business fell a prey to the  flames. In all 369 buildings were  destroyed and 3,000 persons made  homeless.  A new method of using coal in  competition with oil fuel has been  tried in Vancouver. Those conducting the experiments say that  crushed coal can be supplied to  steam producing furnaces by the  same method in use for oil. The  new process is particularly interesting to British Columbia, as it is  proposed to apply it for smelting in the big mining plants  there. It is said that seven tons  of copper ore can be smelted  with one ton of coal by the new  process, whereas formerly the  ratio was one ton of coal to one  ton of ore.  China has opened a new commercial port, Pukow, to foreign  trade. It is on the shores of the  Yangtze River in the. Province of  Kiangsu, directly opposite the  city of Nanking, and 205 miles  from Shanghai. It is expected  that Pukow will attract a considerable volume of trade from fertile districts of the interior. Unfortunately the place is not adapted for residence in its present condition, as it is swampy.  Representatives of foreign firms  doing business through the new  port will probably reside in Nanking until Pukow is rendered  more habitable by the filling in  of the swampy tracts.  Those Dear Girls  Alice���������I take half, an hour's  beauty  sleep  every  afternoon.  Marie���������You should make it  much longer, dear.  Both of the House members  who spoke at Victoria on Friday  in the presentation of the address in reply to the speech from  the throne gave glowing descriptions of the resources of this  province, and produced figures to  show that, notwithstanding the  times, the prospects of British  Columbia are better than might  be expected.  Mr. Praser, Cariboo, seconded  the motion to present the address, and dealt principally with  the development and prospects of  the interior.  "Not since 1895 has Cariboo  had the honor of having a representative take part in the  moving of the address in reply to  the King's speech," commented  Mr. -Fraser, in rising to second  Mr. Thomson's motion. Mr. Fraser dealt at some length with  the condition of the timber busi-  nes in the province, showing that  the value of the timber production in 1915 was an increase over  1914. The new policy of the  government not to lease or sell  outright timber lands but merely  to license individuals or firms to  cut timber on certain areas, was  proving a wise piece of legislation,  he said. The timber department  had fulfilled its duties and was  showing good results from a far  sighted   policy.  Contains One-Third of Land  The land policy of the government, though greatly criticized,  did not deserve that criticism, he  contended. Cariboo, for example containing as it does about  32 per cent, of the land of the  province, attracted a good deal  of attention from prospective  land holders when the Grand  Trunk Pacific was built. Why  should men who invested money  in British Columbia lands be considered as persons who by foul  means had acquired something  which they had no business to  own, he asked. Thousands of  people in Vancouver and Victoria had bought lands in the  Cariboo and when the P. G. E.  provided a means of transportation for Cariboo grain, vegetables and hay, land there could  be made use of. "The government's surveying policy had been  the means of eliminatng many  complaints," contended Mr. Fraser, "as it meant that no longer would buyers and sellers as  well as pre-emptors have to deal  with unsurveyed lands. In  1905 the-government spent- a  little over $7,000 on surveying.  In 1915-16 it spent $100,000.  "Agriculture will be the most  important industry of this province," .went on the speaker,  "and as Cariboo had a vast  amount of fertile land it will take  a very prominent place among  the producing sections." He  gave figures to show that the value of the 1915 production was  above that of 1914 whereas the  value of. the imported agricultural produce Avas a good deal less  in 1915   than   in 1914.  Have You a House to Rent?  We are having numerous enquiries for six and seven  room modern houses in the West End and Kitsilano. Our  Rental Department is.at your service.  List your houses with us.  North West Trust Company, Limited  509  RICHARDS  STREET.  St  PHONE, SEY.  7467  The Latest. Occupation  "Where were you born?"  "Cairo, Illinois."  "What  is  your occupation?'  "I'm a Russian dancer."  Quite Willing  . Her Father���������"The fact is I  cannot give my daughter a dowry just at present." Suitor���������  "That's all right, sir. I can love  her for herself alone in the  meantime."  Splendid Bargain  Will exchange 500 yards of  first-line British trenches, strictly fresh, just captured, for 2  quarts of milk and 5 pounds of  butter. Address W. Hohenzol-  lern's Military Agency, Ypres,  Belgium.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  .. Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED  1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  ������  *      yielding from  5 per  cent,  to  7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers '   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St.  West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE ANP RETAIL  Britain Holds the Front Poor.  Eosy visions rise before the eyes of  German editors as they contemplated  that vast tract of territory from  Bagdad to the North Sea which has  come under continuous Teutonic control by the recent victories over Serbia. Now we are assured Germany  can get from Turkey all the food she  wants.  The Fremdenblatt says:  .__.it3ut_-.there_is._mpre,J|te������^his.__r^.  possibility of the transit of the products of-our highly developed war-  industry will enable Turkey in an increased degree to strike a blow at  the heart of England's world supremacy���������against Egypt. Thus the exchange of goods between the members  of the new quadruple alliance���������will  acquire decisive importance for the  result of the world-war."  While this may be made to sound  well in theory, says the Essen organ  of the Krupps, it is doubtful whether  it is easy in practise. The hard-headed Bheinische Westplialische Zeitung  then  proceeds to remark:  "Whoever knows that the sea  freight to Buenos Aires from Buhrort  on the Bhine is less than the railroad  freight rate from Buhort to Berlin  will shake his head when he hears  that masses of goods are to be thrown  to and fro by rail from Asia Minor  to Hamburg. The idea that the'Bill kan  and Bagdad railroads can in any way  support the burden of our economic  life is a fantasy. The German Empire is not situated on the Dardanelles  or on the Persian Gulf, but on the  North Sea, and it will only be free if  the North Sea-is free.  "It is not intrinsically and extrin-  sically possible for us to answer today  the question of how far British sea  domination can be broken. That can  only appear in the course of the war,  but we are firmly convinced that our  leading men will recognize what is attainable and what is not.  "But the German people must not  be deceived by European and Asiatic  fantasies into overlooking the fact  that our door to the world turns on  hinges which are also attached to  Great Britain. "  A   Warning   to   American Journalists  '' American journals may be roughly  arranged in three classes with regard  to their attitude toward the war;  those which-, are frankly, not to say  virulently, hostile to the Allies; those  which try to be neutral, with an eye  to  tbe  racial   character  of  their local  environment; and those which are  moderately and rationally sympathetic  with the allies cause," says the Toronto Globe. "Many of those in the  latter class seem to have fallen into  the not very surprising habit' of making superficial comments on the progress of the war, as if its course and  outcome could be determined without  taking account of many features of  the situation that do not lie on the  surface. The inexcusableness of such  criticism"-is apparent," because at- the  outbreak of the conflict the most competent authority on the point, Lord  Kitchener, publicly stated that the  real beginning of the war was then  more than half a year away, and the  end of it at least three years. It  has now been a year and a half in  progress, and to all appearances it  will be over within the three-year  limit  specified  by  Lord  Kitchener.  "Some of the journals referred to  speak as if the Central Powers were  winning important and progress-making victories. The truth is quite otherwise. In the real sense of the term  "battle" there has been only one  great battle in this war; the one in  which the French army, with the aid  of a few thousand British, drove the  German army back from. Paris at the  Marne in a continuous fight of six  days, without the protection of entrenchments. Countries have been  overrun by the Germans, and some  of them arc still occupied by the foe,  but their final status has yet to be  determined, and the chances, even  when viewed superficially, are strongly in favor of their restoration to  their own people as the result of a  final victory by the allies. Critics of  the war should never forget that,  while Germany had several millions of  troops ready to march through Belgium into France, Great Britain had  less than a quarter of a million,  whereas she has now three millions  ready for the front, and. a fourth  million in training. Kussia would never have been forced back from Galicia but for a scarcity of munitions,  and her latest intimation to the world  is that an ample supply of these js  now absolutely provided for. A few  weeks may, and a few months must,  make a great change in the land situation, to say nothing of the sea  blackade. "  Heard in the  Audience'  She���������Who wrote   that   Schubert serenade?  He���������I  don't   know.  (Passed   by   the   Board   of   Censors) Friday, March 10, 1916.  THE WESTERN GALL  3  The Horrors of Gas  A place   of horror  whieh one  /ould think Dante had imagined,  fhe air is heavy���������stifling; two or  Ihree  little  night  lamps,  which  |ook  as if they were afraid of  jiving   too   much   light,   hardly  nerce the hot, smoky, darkness  Jvhich smells of fever and sweat.  Jusy people are whispering  an-  ciously.      But   you   hear, more  |fchan all, agonized gaspings. These  ;aspings escape from a number  )f little beds drawn up close together on which are distinguished  human  forms,  above  all, chests,  chests    that    are    heaving   too  strongly,  too   rapidly,   and that  'raise the sheets as if the hour  [of  the death rattle  had already  come.  It is one  of our hospitals  on  the   battle   line,   improvised   as  well   as   was   possible    on    the  i morrow of  one of the most infernal     of     German     abominations;    all    these   children    of  France, who look as if they are  at the last gasp, were so terribly  injured   that   it   was impossible  to  carry    them    further  away.  This great  hall,   with  its crumbling walls,    was    yesterday    a  storehouse     of     hogsheads     of  champagne,     these    little     beds  I ���������some fifty in number ��������� were  I put  together  in  feverish  haste,  (made of branches that still keep  their bark, and look like rustic  garden furniture.  But why this heat, which the  stoves send forth and which  makes breathing almost impossible? The reason is that it  cannot be too hot for asphyxiated lungs. And this darkness,  why this darkness wbich gives  an air of the inferno to this  place of martyrdom,, and which  must so hinder the gentle, white-  clad nurses ? It is because the  barbarians are there in their  burrows, quite close to this village, whose houses and church  tower they have more than once  amused themselves-by pounding  with their shells, and if, with  their ever-watchful field glasses, they saw in this sad, November twilight the lights appearing in the windows of a  long hall, they would instantly  scent a field hospital and shells  would rain on the humble sick  beds; we have learned how they  love to sprinkle grape-shot on  hospitals, Red Cross convoys,  churches!  So that one can hardly see  here through a sort of mist,  spread by water boiling in heaters. Every moment nurses bring  huge, black, air balloons, and  those who are struggling in  agony   stretch    out     their poor  WHY ENPURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM PAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDSVL  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant price* charged hy other dentist* has  hitherto prevented yon having yonr teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTISTRY AS I PRACTICE IT  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OP PJUN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all  my patients:  "IP IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's  "Pioneer  Dentist  Dawson Block  Cor. Hastings and Main Sts.  Phone Seymour 1566  Vancouver's  Painless  Dentist  hands to beg for them; it is oxygen which makes them breathe  better and suffer less. Many of  them have these black air balloons " resting on their panting  chests, and in their mouths they  greedily hold the tubes through  which %the saving gas escapes;  you would say that they were  great children with milk bottles; this throws a' sort of grotesque buffoonery over these  scenes of horror.  Asphyxiation has different effects on different constitutions  which require different forms of.  treatment. Some of the men, almost ..naked on their beds, are  covered with blisters or smeared all over with tincture of  iodine. There are others���������these,  alas, are the most seriously injured���������who are all swollen,  chests, arms and faces, and who  look like India rubber dolls  blown up. India rubber dolls,  children with nursing bottles!  Although these are the only true  images it seems almost sacrilegious to employ them when anguish weighs upon your heart  and you long to weep, to weep  for pity and to weep for wrath!  Yet let these comparisons, brutal as they are, engrave themselves deep in our memories by  their very strangeness, so that  they may the longer nourish indignant hatred and the thirst of  holy retribution!  For there is a man who spent  years in preparing all this for  us, and this man continues to  live. He lives,' and as remorse  is without doubt unknown to  his vulture soul he does not even  suffer, unless it be from fury at  having failed in his attempt. Before unchaining death upon the  world he had coldly made his  combinations, foreseeing everything. "If, however," he said  to himself, "my rhinoceroslike rushes and my huge apparatus of murder should in the,impossible case hurl themselves  against a too magnificent resistance, then, perhaps, I should  dare, relying on the poltroonery  of the neutrals; I should dare,  perhaps to affront all the laws  of civilization and to employ  other means. In any case, let us  prepare."  The great rush, in fact, did  fail, and timidity at the beginning, fearful, in spite of all, of  the whole world's disgust, he  tried asphyxiation, after having  justified himself, of course, by  his habitual lies, accusing France  of having made the beginning.  As he cynically hoped, there was,  unfortunately, no general revolt  of the human conscience. No  more than over the earlier  crimes���������organized looting, destruction of cathedrals, violations, massacres of children and  of women���������did the neutrals intervene. It veritably seems as if  the destructive, fierce, and deathlike glance of his Gorgon, or  Medusa, head had frozen them  where they stood, and at the hour  at which I write the last one  Gorgonized by this monstrous  glance is the poor King of Greece  'inconsistent and maladroit, who  is trembling on the verge of the  precipice of the gravest crimes.  That there may be neutrals from  terror one' can understand; but  that nations with high qualities  should remain Germanophile,  by what tricks have they been  blinded, by what slanders or  by what bribes?  Our dear soldiers with burned  lungs, gasping on their little -rustic beds, are very grateful when,  following the doctor, you come  close to them, and they raise  their gentle eyes to you when  you take them by the hand. Here  is one swelled like a balloon,  unrecognizable, doubtless, for  those who had only seen him  before this frightful swelling began, and, if you touch even as  lightly as possible his poor, distended cheeks, you feel under  your fingers the vibration of the  gases which have filtered in between skin and flesh.  "Good; he is better since this  corning," says the doctor, and  he continues in a low voice, for  the nurse: "I begin to think,  Madame, we shall save this one  also; but you must not leave him  for a moment." Oh, needless advice, for she has not the slightest  intention of leaving him, this  white-clad nurse, under whose  eyes there are already dark shadows, caused by eight-and-forty  hours of. truceless watching. Not  one of them will be left, no; to  be certain of that one has only  to look at all these young doctors, all these orderlies, a little  worn out, it is true, but so attentive and courageous that they  do not lost sight of one of them.  And, thank God, they will save  almost all of them! (Of 600 asphyxiated that night more than  500 are out of danger). As soon  as they can be moved they will  be taken away from this hell of.  the battle front, where the Kaiser's shrapnels fall so willingly,  even on the dying; they will be  laid more comfortably in quiet  hospitals where they will still  suffer much, indeed, for a week,  a fortnight,, a month, but which  they will presently leaye, more  cautious, more prudent, and eager to return to the fight.  ���������It may be said that the trick  of asphyxiatiation has failed like  that of the great, savage rushes;  it has not brought the result  which the Gorgon's head expected. And yet with what skillful  calculations it has been tried on  each occasion, always at the  most favorable moments! We  know that the Germans, masters  of spying and ceaselessly informed of everything, never fail to  choose for their attacks of whatever kind the, days of relieving  f;uf������rd, the ho'.-rs when newcomers, facing them, are still in the  disorder of their arrival.  So the evening when this last  crime was committed six hundred  of our men had just taken their  advance positions after a long  and tiring march; all at once, in  the midst of a salvo of shrapnel  which aroused them from their  first sleep, they made out here  and there little sounds of whistling, as if front treacherous  steam sirens, and the death gas  was pouring around them,  spreading its thick, gloomy, gray  clouds.- At the same time, in the  midst of this fog, their lights  waned to dim, small points. Bewildered, then, already suffocating, they thought, too late, of  the masks which had been given them and which, besides, they  did not greatly believe in; they  put them on "too VP^kwardly;~some  of them even, by an irresistible  instinct of self preservation,  when they felt the burning of  their lungs, yielded to the desire  to run, and these were the most  terribly injured because cf the  excess of chlorine inhaled in the  deep breaths of running.  But the next time they will  not be caught, neither these men,  nor any of our soldiers; with  masks hermetically sealed they  will stand immovable around  heaps of fagots prepared beforehand, the sudden flames of which  neutralize the poisons in the air,  and there will be no result beyond an hour of discomfort, painful to pass through but almost  always without fatal consequences.  It is true that in the accursed  caverns which are their laboratories the intellectuals of Germany, convinced now that the  neutrals will accept everything,  are working hard to find new  and worse poisons for us; but until they have found them the  Gorgon's head will have lost this  trick as, beyond contest, it has  lost'i so many others. We, alas!  have not been able to find means  to repay them with sufficient  cruelty; to defend .ourselves we  have, therefore, only the protective mask, which is being improved, it is true, day by day;  and, after all, in the eyes of the  neutrals���������if they still have eyes  Next Telephone  Directory Closes  MARCH 15th  Is Your Name Listed There?  The telephone directory of a big city is  relied upon as the most dependable compilation of personal information. Is your name  in the directory?  The May issue closes on March 15th.  Corrections, alterations, or additions must be  made by that date to ensure insertion.  Advertising forms will close about the  first of April.  If you are thinking about putting in a telephone, do it now.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  yancouver, B.C.  J  to see���������it is, perhaps, nobler to  employ no other means.  At the same time, how different would our position be if we  did asphyxiate them, these plunderers and assassins who have  attacked and invaded us, and  who, despairing of piercing our  lines, try to sufficate us in our  own homes, in our dear land of  France, as one might suffocate  rabbits in their burrows or rats  in their holes. The tongues of  men have not forecast these  transcendent ignominies, which  would rend the hearts of the  basest cannibals; therefore, we  have-no -words -to ^name -them.  Our poor, asphyxiated soldiers,  gasping on their narrow cots,  how willingly I would have  shown them to all, to their fathers, to their sons, to their brothers, to raise to paroxysm their  holy indignation and thirst for  vengeance; yes, I would show  them everywhere, and let their  death rattle be heard, even to  the impassive neutrals, to convince of their folly or their crime  so many obstinate pacifists, to  spread broadcast the alarm  against the great barbarism  which has broken forth over  Europe!���������Translated from the  French of Pierre Loti.  WHY PISTOLEWUS  ARE TAKEN OVER  Cylindrical barrels for packing  Spanish grapes were tested during the last season and were favorably reported on both in England and the United States. They  were invented by a resident of  the Spanish port of Almeria,  fwun which huge exports of  grapes are made every year.  Regular steamship service is to  be established between .Japan  and the islands of the Caroline  group, which formerly belonged  to the Germans, and were seized  by the Japanese early in the war.  A monthly service will be maintained from Yokohama to Truk  Island, from which point two  subsidiary lines will be operated.  Britain's government has commandeered or is about to commandeer old country and Canadian distilleries. The liquid contents of these distilleries, especially in the Highlands of Scotland and the north of Ireland,  were idealized in poetry and song.  Millions of gallons of grain alcohol are to be drained ffom the  vats of poetry and romance and  alienated from the manufacture  of jags to the manufacture of  cordite.  _ Cordite   is the great     British  propellant. The chief ingredient  of cordite is acetone. Alcohol distilled from wood produces acetate of lime. And acetate of lime  is the immediate basis of acetone. Time and seasons reduce  the supply of wood available for  distillation. Wood must be seasoned before it can be profitably  distilled. It is only when the frost  is in the swamps that wood can  be hauled cheaply, in fact, 'hauled at all.  Britain's supply of cordite is  limited by delay required in the  process of seasoning and hauling  wood. The first alternative to an  insufficient supply of wood alcohol was a supply of alcohol  dislilled from molasses. A decision to commandeer the distilleries represents Britain's final method of ensuring an adequate  output, of cordite. "Willie brewed a peck a' maut" for convivial purposes. .John Bull has commandeered the "maut" for war  purposes. Britain must have sufficient cordite to propel shells at  the enemy, if liberty is to be  saved. Britain will have a propellant for every shell if the distilleries of the British Empire  have to pour every gallon of grain  alcohol into the production of  cordite.���������Toronto Telegram  "There's some good stuff in that  young brother of yours, Ethel."  "I should say there is! He's just  finished eating that two-pound box of  chocolates you bought me." THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, March 10, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY  FRIDAY  By the  McComiells,  Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. Ci  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. 31.50 Outside- Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  K. H. STEVENS' RESOLUTION  'What is undoubtedly the largest issue which the Canadian  public will have to decide for  many years to come is the Prohibition measure, the debate on  whieh opened in the House of  Commons during this week by  11. H. Stevens, member for Vancouver. In reviewing Mr. Stevens' argument on behalf of Dominion wide prohibition, Ave are  forced to admit that the local  member handled a delicate situation creditably. He did not  deal with the moral side of the  measure, but based his entire  address on the economic and  social aspect of it. Not luitil  Mr. Stevens laid before the  house indisputable figures showing the rapid strides prohibition  has -.made in Canada during the  past few years, did we realize  the extent of territory now under  a "dry" law throughout the  Dominion.  Working independently, but  always with the same object in  view, the municipalities in the  vai'ious provinces of Canada have  for several years past been'-gradually making inroads into the  trenches of, the liquor interests  until today, even before a Dom-  ion^wide prohibition measure  was evenv mooted, Canada and  Canadians were on the high road  to success over the drinking evil.  Mr. Stevens, in his forceful ad  dress, showed-that from the At  lahtic to the Pacific prohibition  has made and is making rapid  progress, gathering in momentum  i bf public favor, as each hour  slips by. Even Quebec, which  previously had contributed a majority that caused the defeat of  the Dominion plebiscite takeb  several years ago, was today one-  third "dry." Only 20 per cent.  of the province of New Brunswick is under a "wet" law,  while Ontario is easily two-thirds  "dry." Alberta is all dry,  while yi Saskatchewan there is  a government dispensary ��������� system.  and Manitoba is voting on prohibition this coming week. British Columbia will also vote on  the  question at  the  time  of  the  provincial- general electiohsX  Mr; Stevens has been criticized  by members'on both sides of the  house foi* bringing down bis prohibition resolution. That can  quite well be' imagined. The liquor interests are not friendless  in tlie House of Commons. It  was not a party question which  the member for- Vancouver endeavored to bring before the  House, but one which he con-  ��������� seientiously thought to be for  the welfare of "the whole Dominion.' particularly during these  Iroubletl times. . Mr. Stevens has  the courage ol: his conviction.'-,  and while his critics will soon be  forgotten, the fearlessness whieh  the. Vancouver member showed  on Monday last will live in the  'minds of. his constituents for a  long time.  TRENCH WARFARE  A Boston .journalist recently  remarked that trench Avarfare is  "the epoch of cpAvard armies,"  because "as a mass organization  tbey Avere never so cowardly as  they are today." In confirmation of this statement lie denounces as contemptible tin-  fact that millions of men are at  .present facing each, other and  apparently making no advance.  These remarks are not intended to- cast umbrage' on the courage of tlie individual soldier.  To question individual A-alor  Avould .-be   practically   establish  ing an untruth. In all history  there have not been more feats  of heroism than are being recorded today. We, as Canadians, are proud of our brave men  Avho are Avinning for our Dominion an honorable place among  the nations of the Avorld. We  are proud of our British ancestry and of our share in the  greatest and most glorious empire  that has ever existed.  Nor do the remarks implicate  the allies. They had nothing to  do Avith deciding the methods of  Avarfare being employed. They  have had to cope Avith the ingenuities of an enemy Avho do  not know the meaning of courage and honor in its highest  sense. Mechanical' preponderance  is not a hcav idea Avith the Germans, however. Napoleon depended on the preponderance of  artillery. And Avhat he practised  in au honorable manner has been  carried to such extremes that gigantic armies are locked in a  campaign which carries warfare  underground.  While all Avar is barbarous,  this Avar is more barbarous by  reason of the fact that it'has been  forced on the allies by a military . bully who serves his oavii  end Avith instruments Avhich  might have been forged by the  devil, so fool they are. And the  allies haA'e to meet the Prussians  Avith their oavii Aveapons, so far  as it can be done honorably.  Preponderance of material is the  method in vogue today, and years  of secret and careful preparation  along these lines have revolutionized Avarfare. The Allies are  engaged in contending Avith conditions Avith a vieAV to a min-  inium loss of their men, and their  spirit is that of courage, not  cowardice.  Speaking of the difference between trench Avar and field operations, General yon'Kluck recently declared':  "This is a sort of siege Avar  on a more extended front and of  unlimited duration, and this is  always much more wearing than  operations on the inarch, for in  the latter there are skirmishes  and battles on particular days.  In .between are long intervals  when, though the troops must be  on the march, yet they enjoy  certain rest and recovery; but  in the trenches constant activity  is demanded. There are the  grades���������the first on the front, the  second for support, and the  third in the rear. The first line  must be constantly on guard,  even though the enemy appear inactive, for one never knoAvs  whaflie^iiiay do" riext." The" least  inattention may bring death to a  soldier and his comrades. Even  though the official report says  'quiet prevails on the front'  it ...must not be supposed  that now the troops are  really having a rest. By no  means. In former Avars, moreover, Arbiter campaigns Avere unknown. But our troops have gone  through all the hardships of one  winter in the trenches, and now  stand before a second. As to the  continuous strain on the men,  the present war makes for greater demands than former wars,  aud as the troops haj-e held out  in the most wonderful manner it  is proof that, physically, mankind is more capable of exposure, and so there can be no  talk   of   a relaxing civilization."  This Avar, Avhich involves greater hardships and dangers and  stolid endurance on the part of  the allies cannot be said to be  "an .epoch of coAvard. armies."  Great courage'is necessary to face  sueh conditions as naturallAarise  from a new" and terrifying method   of warfare.  FICTITIOUS      CUSTOMS  ENTRIES  For several .months past there  have been import shipments of  goods coming to Vancouver on  Avhich. it is said, the customs department has been collecting  [duty only on  the  prices marked  oh the certified invoices. In  many instances these goods have  been bought outside Canada at a  sacrifice price less than one-half  the regular market value.  We knoAV very Avell that, even  if we could, buy an automobile  for $100 in the States, Ave could  not get it past the Canadian  customs Avithout paying duty on  its regular catalog price. We  admit this to be a fair proceeding. Why is it fair, then, to admit a bill of dry goods, boots and  shoes, or other commodities that  are Avorth $1,000 at the regular  market value, by a payment of  duty on one-half that sum or less,  merely because some shreAvd Vancouver buyer has happened to  strike a bargain or two in his  particular line.  Such a proceeding is manifestly  unfair to the country at large,  in that it robs us of thousands of  dollar's of additional revenue  yearly; it also discriminates unjustly against any competitors  Avho may. prefer to buy their  goods in Canada.  We believe the hiAV gives tbe  customs department the right  not only to appraise all goods  passing entry at their honest  market value, but also to levy  duty on previous shipments dis-  covered to haA'e been passed lit  a fictitious value. We hope,  therefore, that the department  Avill use the greatest care in preventing such an unjust discrimination against the honest ������������������'merchants' of   our city.  A   BUSINESS CLUB    FOR  MOUNT PLEASANT  The suggestion has been made  that the merchants and business  people generally of Mount Pleasant community meet once a week  at lunch at a local cafe and talk  over matters of mutual interest,  with, perhaps, a fifteen minute  talk on some topic of general  interest each Aveek by some one  acquainted with the needs of the  community. We presume 'it  might be called the Mount Pleasant Business Club, although  there need be no fee attached to  membership in it, each member  merely paying his indi\ridual expense.  We have no hesitation in endorsing this idea as Ave feel it  Avould do much towards a more  general acquaintance and mutual  helpfulness among the members  of Avhat is generally conceded to  ���������be the most prosperous community in Greater Vancouver. In the  meantime Ave Avill . Avelcbme any  suggestions as to the best method of organizing and conducting  such a  club.  PUBLIC HEALTH  The Dominion parliament has  been considering a proposal to  establish a department of Public  Health. It is a good suggestion,  and it must be acted upon in  time.  There are difficulties in the  Avay'of establishing such a Department because of the numerous and varied ideas about the  treatment of the sick in the safeguarding of the well that are held  in this country, as in most others. This is an age of general  reading and little thinking, and  as a result nearly cA'erybody  has an inoXidual com-ietion on  eArery subject lending itself to  differences of opinion, from religion down. It Avill be a task to  establish a department of Health  that Avill not be regarded hy' a  surprisingly large number of  people, as an intolerable menace  to their bodies and souls.  The extent to Avhich opinion'  differs on the question of vaccination is simply astonishing in  face of the aA'ailable cA-idence  confirming beyond debate the efficacy of this means of preventing the spread of contagious diseases. But similar differences of.  opinion are held in regard to  nearly cvevy operation Avithin tlie  scope of-medical science. The situation leads to great evils and  enriches-the ' quacks   and  fakirs,  but it obtains. People insist on  the same liberty in dealing Avith  their bodies and the bodies of  their children that they possess  in dealing Avith their souls.  Medical inspection of the  schools is a modern necessity in  the interests of suffering,, neglected childhood. The establishment of a Department of Public  Health by the state is also needed. Few countries . in the past  have been so neglected as Canada in this respecU���������Montreal  Daily Mail.  Bryan has made a lot of noise,  but Avhen a decisive vote is taken in the United States he seems  to   get it in   the   neck.  ������    s    *  France has adopted a general  tax on Avar profits. No man should  object to share with his country  the profits which come to him  through his country's wars.  *    =������    <*  Men may plead religious convictions in order to avoid military service against Germany.  But surely not those of the Christian religion.  Last year Canada lost about  half a million a week, or over  $24,000,000 in all, by fires. An  educational campaign is urgently needed.  =*    ������    #  The fire department of Vancouver has arranged to contribute  $289.50 per month to the Canadian Patriotic Fund���������an excellent  example, by the Avay, to our other  public bodies.  If the' city prosecutor and the  license inspector have their way,  another menace to public morals  Avill soon be a thing of the past.  Magistrate Shaw inflicted a fine  of $25 recently for allowing a  slot machine to be operated in  a eity store. The machine had  been tampered Avith so that the  person playing'would not knoAV  Avhat he Avould receive on the  next nickel. It is the intention  of the authorities to put a stop  to the operation of these'machines throughout the city, and  this action cannot be too strongly commended, especially at such  a time as this, Avhen retrenchment is the watchword of every  loyal citizen.  PUBLIC SENTIMENT  IN UNITED STATES  The concensus of public opinion in the eastern States in regard to the attitude of that  country on Gerniany's subinariiie  threat, as announced by President Wilson, ��������� may be inferred  from the following comments of  the most influential press in that  section of the- country:  From   the Wall   Street   Journal  For the state department to  back down uoav on the question of. merchantmen 'armed for  defense and the right of American citizens to traA-el upon them  Avould be a surrender so humiliating <is to earn the just contempt of the world. It would  admit by implication the right  of Germany to sink future Lusi-  tanias without warning, subject  only to a Aralueless admission of  "an unaAroidable mistake," or  .something equally puerile, like  the attempt to "arm"-the Lusitania.- after its sinking, by subornation of perjury.  From  the   New York ��������� Telegram  German influence. German  craft, German statesmanship,  German diplomacy, German propaganda. German money���������Avhat  you Avill���������has at .last taken the  ship of state by the keel and the  Teutonic element in the House of  Representatives defies President  Wilson in his determination to  demand of Germany protection  for American lives at sea. President Wilson resents Germany's  order that Americans cease tra-  A'elling oil the allies' passenger  ships, which she may be'pleased  to consider" "armed" and so liable   to be sunk   on   sight.  From the  New York  American  But can any administration  hope to retain the support of  Congress and people if its opinions are as changeable as the  chameleon's and are reversed in  a Presidential year by a single  speech, in a Republican State  convention, by such a man as  Elihu Root, aaIio said that President Wilson's . foreign policy  Avas rash iii Avords when it  should be prudent, and timid in  action Avhen it should be brave?  From the New York Timjss  No nobler deliverance by tongue or pen has come from the  President, none more faithfully  expressing the thought and Avill  of the people of. the United States  than his letter to Senator Stone  It is an utterance of encouragement and reassurance. It makes  us certain that the honor of the  country is to be resolutely upheld ; it gives reason for confidence that peace Avill be maintained. We shall remain at peace  our relations of friendship Avith  all foreign countries Avill continue, if President Wilson can  compass this end. But honor  is uppermost in heart and thought  of every true American. We do  not covet peace at the cost of  honor, of right, and of our place  in the respect of nations.  From the Journal of  Commerce  WhateA-er mistake or miscalculation the administration at  Washington may have made in  its diplomatic dealing Avith Germany in - the last year, President  AVilson is absolutely right in the  stand he is now taking on the  question of promiscuous submarine attacks upon merchant vessels, the right of such vessels to  carry the means of self-defence  and the right of Americans to  take passage on them and be safe  from slaughter. The people of the  country should rally to his supl  port in that position, regardlesij  of  differences  in domestic   pol^  tics.  From The New York Herald!  President Aron Bernstorff? Hoa\I  does it sound? There is no-J  much poetic fancy to it, but there  is a Avorld of truth. The issue al  Washington is Avhether the Pre]  sident of the United States shall  be deposed at the behest of the  pro-German element on the|  ground that it is better to cringe  than stand up for American]  rights.  The report of Aveather eonditions in Greater Vancouver fori  the week ending March 7, according to Mr. Shearman, is as follows:  Rain: 2.33 inches.  Shoav : 4.40 inches.  Sunshine:    23   hours,   12   minutes.  Highest   temperature,    45    degrees on March 3.  Lowest temperature, 29 degrees  on  March  5.  BOTANICAL OFFICE  TO BE TAKEN OVER  The provincial botanical office  at Vancouver is to be taken over  by the British Columbia University. Its future permanent home  Avill likely be at Point Grey as  soon as the university buildings  are nearer completion. The university Avill assume full control  of the bureau.  The    effect  of   this  announcement  is  Vancouver will  not lose'  the botanical office after all.    A1  number    of   Vancouver  business i  men   have protested   against the I  elimination of the bureau, which,  however, is  merely being   transferred to a sphere where its usefulness Avill be augmented in the  opinion of the, government.  IS YOUR BREAKFAST TABLE  ELECTRICALLY UP-TO-DATE?  On Your Left  In the Centre  On Your Right  THE  ELECTRIC  TOASTER  at $4.50  THE  ELECTRIC  GRILLSTOVE  at $6.50  Delicious hot   and  crisp   Toast  For the bacon  and eggs.  All complete with connection cords  THE  ELECTRIC  V COFFEE  PERCOLATOR  at $4.50  Perfect Coffee  Hastings & Carrall Sts.  1138 Granville St., near Davie.  Phone  Seymour  5000  Compare Royal Standard  With Any Flour You  Have Ever Used  Observe its great rising strength���������how easy  it is to Avork Avith���������note the big clean wholesome  loaves it bakes���������tasty, -snow-Avhite bread.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  is made from the pick of Canada's golden avIieat  harvest, is milled by the most modern processes  known to science, is thoroughly tested before  leaving the mill for its baking properties, and  comes "to you PURE, WHOLESOME, CLEAN.  Ask your grocer to deliver ROYAL .STANDARD.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NEW WESTMINSTER,  NANAIMO Friday, March 10, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  WHY should you GO DOWNTOWN to do all your shopping?  Rents are MUCH CHEAPER here in Mt. Pleasant.  For that reason, in practically every one of the stores here, and in all lines of  business, you can get a QUALITY OF GOODS and a PRICE that the  downtown stores CANNOT COMPETE WITH.  We are going to PROVE this.  Read these items NOW and EVERY WEEK, and see what the Mt. Pleasant  merchants have to offer you..  Their reputation is INVOLVED WITH OURS.   They are trying to provide  Mt. Pleasant buyers with JUST WHAT. THEY ARE ASKING FOR.  BE A BOOSTER.   Help yourself and your neighbors by resolving to "BUY  IT ON THE HILL."  CORNICES, SKYLIGHTS  Tar   and   Gravel   Roofing. Gutter   and  Furnace   Repairs.  Jobbing is our Specialty.  Good work  at fair prices  New Idea  Sheet Metal Works  6th Ave. aud Brunswick.     Fair.  1850  PHONE FAIRMONT 74  for the very  best  quality  MEATS and GROCERIES  L. R. Wilson & Son  232 Broadway West  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  GAINING & CO.  Importers and Dealers in Dry Goods,  Silks, Chairs,  Etc.  FINE TAILORS  Order  your  Spring  Suit NOW.  Prices  reasonable. New Koods to select from.  2317 Main St.  Phone Fair. 1197  For the latest aud most complete  stock   of  novelties   in  SPRING    MILLINERY  Be sure to see  Miss McLenaghen  2410 Main Street  _ _!  Our   Summer Patterns of  PRINTS, GINGHAMS   and   CREPES  are the   very   best  in  the    market.  Prices  Seasonable  R. MOORE  Dry   Goods   and   Gents'   Furnishings  2211-2215   Cambie   St.    South  H. H. STEVENS  MOVES  PROHIBITION RESOLUTION  PRINCESS WOULD  END CONFLICT  Mr. H. H. Stevens moved in  the House of Commons on Monday his resolution proposing that  owing to the need of the conservation of the national wealth  and resources at tbis critical  time, there should be prohibition throughout Canada. The  resolution was seconded by Hon.  Charles   Marcil.  Mr. Stevens admitted that  there were two aspects to the  question���������the moral and economic���������but he would deal Avith  only the'economic side. He said  he felt he was not voicing the  opinion of a few fanatics, but rather the views of thousands of  Sane thinkers throughout the  Dominion. He quoted statistics to  show the development of the temperance sentiment   in   Canada.  The resolution came up for  discussion, but the debate was  not concluded at the time of adjournment.  Referring to what had been  done in the various provinces,  Mr. Stevens said two-thirds of  Ontario was dry. in Quebec  ninety-eight municipalities were  dry and 237 were wet. In New  Brunswick SO per cent, of the  population were under prohibition; in Nova Scotia eighteen  counties were dry and only one  -was-wety-that-in avhich-lialifaxis situated, but a measure had  been passed in the legislature  to bring it under the same law.  Prince Edward Island was dry,  and Manitoba, wheh has eighty-  seven dry municipalities and seventy-one wet, will vote on provincial prohibition next week.  Saskatchewan was practically under prohibition, Alberta had  gone dry, and in British Columbia a measure for provincial prohibition would bo. introduced this  session. Thus from the Atlantic  to the Pacific. Mr. Stevens: said,  every province had taken some  steps toward' provincial prohibition.  In closing, Mr. Stevens strongly  urged the government to grapple with the problem, the difficulties of which he did not think  were   insuperable.  IRISH WIT  AND   HUMOR  The Irish Association of British Columbia have arranged with  Mr. F. -J. Bursill to address it on  "Irish AVit and Humor" at their  bi-monthly meeting to be held  on Thursday next at the Eagles'  Hall, ���������'."he public are invited at  attend' at  9. o'clock.  It Is Encouraging  The dove of international peace  ought to be encouraged over the fact  that China's new minister to the  United States is named Koo���������Cleveland Plaindealer.  A princess, in whose veins runs  royal blood has attempted to  end tlie greatest conflict the world  has ever seen. She iiegotiated in person with chancellor, foreign minis-  t-:r. supremo war lord, himself of tlie  country with whom her. own emperor  is at war, then with sublime proposals and letters through the empire  against whom her machinations are  directed, tva veiling under her own  name in  semi-regal state.  She commenced then her intrigues  in her own capital, and when her  palace was raided and her documents  seized by chiefs of the war party, she  exerted such influence at court that  she   remained immune   from   arrest.  Is Not Beautiful  The ingredients are here of a good  plot for the movies, or for a thriller  by one of those sensational novelists  who throw the glamor of romance  over the sordid bargainings of diplomacy. There is one fact unfortunate from the point of view of film,  producer or story writer���������the princess is neither young nor surpassingly beautiful. And that must be recorded   for   the story   is   true.  There is only one great country in  the world where such things could  happen, only one where, having happened, the censors could keep the  facts from the outside world. That  country is Russia. At the moment  when these lines are read, it is probable that members of the duma Avill  be trying with all their strength to  dvag out of the government the facts  about the Princess Wassilchikon"  scandal.  But it is extremely unlikely that  the whole truth will come out even in  the duma, and it is almost certain  that the cables will not carry out of  Russia  any   details   whatever.  -���������������������������-���������-���������,-���������.���������Here-is-Letter-���������^-.,---.���������.---.  The following letter carried through  Great Britain by the Princess Wassilchikofl', addressed by one of the  most exalted persons in Germany to  one of the most exalted persons in  Russia, is now in the hands of the  Czar:  "Germany does not want to weaken  Russia. On the. contrary, she needs  a strong, powerful Russia. Nor is it  the intention of Germany to prevent  Russian influence over the Slavonic  nations. Tt is ce.rtaiu that Austria-  Hungary would like to destroy this  influence, but the Dual Monarchy can  at the present m.oinent do practically  nothing without Germany. Great  Britain is not Russia's friend, and it  is possible your country will have to  regret very much this entente in the  near future. The British already say  that if the Dardanelles are forced  they will create in the Sea of Marmora a second Gibraltar. At least it  is s'ure that immediately after the end  of the war Great Britain will seek  an alliance with Germany against  Russia."  Basis for Treaty  Of even greater significance is the  following "basis" for a, peace treaty,  brought to Petrograd from Berlin by  Ihe princess and found among her  papers:  "Germany has no wish to deny the  right of Russia to a warm-water  port. In view of the failure of the  Allies at the Dardanelles, however,  it is evident that Constantinople is  unattainable. Compensation for Russia could be found in an outlet on the  Persian   Gulf."  Before telling as much of the story'  of the princess as has been definitely  verified, I will comment briefly on the  above documents. Their genuineness is indisputable. How they got  out I do not know, but diplomatists  in every entente capital1 have seen  them, and it may be surmised that  the ..war party in Petrograd desired  to give select publicity to -the intrigue. The strength of the pro-German  or   court   party  could   not  be   shown  "sphere of in-  rejnons   from  more clearly than by the omission  of the name of the dignitary to whom  the latter is addressed.  Would Be Traitor  A nian������who would receive such a  letter in England or France would be  regarded as a traitor, but the. recipient in Russia is too powerful to be  needlessly affronted. His name and  the name of the German statesman  said to have signed the letter have  been told me, but it is advisable in  dealing with sueh a matter as this to  avoid gossip and confine oneself to  provable facts. I will merely say that  the names both of the alleged recipient and the reported author will  appear below in other  connections.  The second document, the ��������� memorandum, is much the more important.  In a few lines, it sets forth an insidious porposal ' which, if accepted by  Russia, would not only destroy the  entente against Germany, but would  at once set Russia and Britain by the  ears. A port on the Persian Gulf,  giving an outlet to the Indian Ocean  to Russia, involvvnfl of ' course, the  gobbling up of Persia and a Russian  railroad from the Black Sea to the  ocean, would put India at the mercy  of the Russian millions, and it was  to avoid any such possibility that  Britain before the war marked off  for herself in Persia a  fluence" covering the  which India could be attacked. Considered in tho light of this memorandum, the present military operations in southern Persia by Russian  troops and in Mesopotamia by the  British might be regarded as of greater significance than appears on the  surface, though I have no warrant  for even hinting that the slightest  suspicions exists between the Bear  and the Lion as to possible ulterior  motives   in   this theatre of   war.  ���������'���������* Of  Great Family  The Princess Wassilchikofl", formerly lady-in-waiting to the czarina,  belongs to one of the dozen greatest  f ami 1 ies in Russia?"SiiieeXiir ancestor  of that name was ennobled in 1353,  the house of Wassilchikofl' has been  closely allied with the court. Students of Russian history Avill realize  that this meant, for centuries during  which the Russian language was os  tracized by the upper classes and the  great state offices given to German  a constant succession of marriages  with Teutonic princesses. Ivan the  Terrible married -Anna Grigirieviiji  Wassilchikofl", and many Wassilchi-  k oil's haA'e held the highest positions  in the empire. Three weeks ago, sonic  time after the seizure of the documents given above a brother of: the  Princess Wassilehikoff held office  as a minister'of the czar, and in all  probability he  still retains   his   job.  Goes  to  Vienna  How she got to Vienna would probably make, a good story in if sell', for  early in the Avar her salon in Petrograd Avas si well-known resort for  influential malcontents. "From Vienna  the princess Avent to Berlin. Hero she  first discussed the situation Avith the  foreign minister, Von Jagow, then,  after audiences with the imperial  chancellor, Herr Bethmau-IIollweg,  Avas admitted, to the presence of the  Kaiser. The whole object of these  conferences seems to have been a  separate.peace between Germany ami  Russia. Whether the intrigue Avas attempted by the princess upon her  own initiative, Avhether it Avas suggested by high personages at the  court of the Czar or Avhether the  Germans or Austrians- approached her  as a person avIio eotild bring the pro-  tin;  ex-  SNAPS IN SHOES  ,   JUST ABRIVED���������NEW SPRING GOODS  Ladies' Patent Strap  Pumps at   $1.35  Ladies'   Velvet Pumps   at : $1.35  Misses'   Patent  Strap   Shoes at $1.25  Child's   Patent Strap   Shoes   af 90 cents  SHOP  ON   THE  HILL   AND SAVE MONEY  All   Classic   Shoes   for   Ladies and   Children Beduced  If you take a small size we can give you the  biggest snaps in  Vancouver.  WOOD & SON  2313 Main St. 2 Doors from Fat Burns"  Market  ed, and a few  days later she reached  Tilbury by tho boat from  Flushing.  Enters British Society  The princes cut quite a dash in the  highest British society for three days,  and at her visits in the West End  to friends she had formerly known  iii the continental capitals and on  the Riveria she described to spellbound audiences the despair of the  highest circles in the enemy capitals,  and prophesied speedy victory for the  Entente. She was-unable to accept  the many invitations sent her, for, as  she explained, she could not delay her  trip home, and she left England as  soon as her arrangements could be  completed, departing from Hull and  traveling through jSTonvay, Sweden  and Finland to Petrograd.  When she reached Petrograd, the  princess lost no time in setting to  Avork. Attention was drawn to her  activities in a short time, and, after  various efforts to get the authorities  to take action had failed, a deputation of liberal members of the duma  called upon M. Khvostoff, the minister, of the interior, and demanded  her arrest. Khvostoff, known in Russia as "the strong man of the reaction," is attempting the difficult font  of. .ti'imnuhgXmtwee^^^  party and the prosrrcssiA-e bloc in the  duma. He could not ignore such a  visit without apparently allying him;  self with the peace party, and po the  surprise and consternation of the  court plotters, the establishment of  the princess Avas raided and all her  papers seized. She Avas ordered to  Avithdraw to her estates in central  Russia, Avhere she remains at present.  She   has   not   been   arrested.  SATURDAY    SPECIALS  1 lb. Royal Household Tea,  value 40c  1 lb.   Sliced  Bacon,  value   40c  1 lb. Fresh Churned Butter, value 40c  A $L20  Saturday only $1 .OO  The Produce Store  .758 Broadway East. Phone Fair. 2117  Don't  Experiment  With New  ChlckFeeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED has been  tried for years and produces fine  healthy  chicks.   Made   and  sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair.   186  and Fair. 878  We carry a complete, line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th   Ave.  & Fraser  Phone  Fraser- 175  Collingwood,   2S0   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood   153  BASHALLA  Ceylon Tea 40c  (as good as Lip ton's best)  B. A. SHATFORD  Pure  Pood  Grocer  254   B'way West.      Fair.   1276  Coffee  at Pike's  is ground fresh for every order  518 BROADWAY ������. (Next Dairy)  Phqne  Fairmont   1367  THE BEST   25c MEAIi  In   Mt.   Pleasant can be had   at   the  BRIDGE CAFE  2220   Cambie   St.   South  Open 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.  per influence to bear in Petrograd,  facts at present attainable do not  plain.  Princess    Wassilehikoff     next  poared   at  the   Russian    embassv  Shooting 'Em High  Sergeant���������There yon go again,  shooting too high. What's the matter  with you?  Raw Marksman���������Merely an oversight on  my part, sergeant,  Speaking  of Neutrality  Among  much    else,   Secretary    Lansing's note on submarine warfare provoked  these    typical    newspaper   comments from   Abroad:  By the Tabliehe Rundsehaw of  Berlin: "tt could .just :ls well  have been signed by Sir Edward  Grey."'  By the Daily Telegraph of London. "One might think the note  had been prepared by Count von  Bernstorff X  Taken together, these two knocks  are a panegyric���������not that the present  Secretary of State needs anything of  the   sort.���������Collier's   Weekly. ,  ap-.  at  Tlie Hague. Her great name procured  her a reception befitting her position,  and when she announced that she  had received permission from tiie enemy to return to her beloved Russia  the necessary- passports for herself  and her servants Avere-at  once prepar-  They Had Mittens  A young American artist avIio has  just returned from a six months' job  of driving a British ambulance on the  war front in Belgium brings tbis  back,  straight  from   the trenches:  "One cold morning a sign Avas pushed up aboA-e the German trench fac-  n:;_ ours, only about fifty yards aAvay,  which bore in large letters the avopIs:  "Got mit Uiis!'' One of our cockney lads, more of :i patriot than a  linguist, looked at this for a moment  and then lampblneked a big sign of  his own, Avhich he raised on a stick.  Jt read:   "We Got  Mitruns,   Too!*-'  Eating between  Meals is perfectly  Nati^rfof^  Healthy, Active  Children  ���������Give Them Good,  Energy- Restoring  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Breads  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  Made of Canada's most nutritious flour and pure  water in British Columbia's most sanitary, clean,  modern baking plant  5  FULL   16  OUNCE   LOAF  Every one "seeded at the oven"  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers   of BETTER   Bread THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 10, 1916.  HOME  TABLE  RECIPES  It -will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of. the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not iater than Monday of each week.  WHY MORE FISH IS NOT USED  Generally speaking, fish may be classed as  from two to four per cent, poorer in nutritive  nitrogenous ingredients than meat; but owing to  its less price it is a much cheaper food than  meat.  In the light of the above, why is it that fish  is not more largely and more generally used?  The following suggest themselves as amongst the  more important  reasons:  1. It is only within the last few years that  it has been possible in the inland portions of the  country to procure fish���������particularly sea-fish���������  in prime condition and at moderate prices.  2. Possibly as a consequence of the above,  too few housewives yet know how to properly  cook fish.  .3. Retailers frequently do not present fish to  their customers in an attractive manner.  4. While fish is cheap as compared with  meat, it is not yet nearly as cheap to. the con-  summer as it should be.  Hints on Frying Fish  There are three ways of preparing fish for  frying, viz., firstly, dipping it in milk and flour;  secondly, coating it with prepared batter; and  thirdly, egging and crumbing.0 The last is considered the nicest, but is also the most expensive.  The pan used for frying should contain sufficient fat to thoroughly cover the fish. Dripping,  lard, or oil can be used for frying purposes.  The fat must be quite hot���������in fact, be smoking���������before the fish is put in, so as to harden  the outside, thus preventing the fat from entering into the fish, which would spoil the flavour  and make it indigestible. -  Only a small quantity of fish should be  fried at a time, and the fat should be allowed  to get thoroughly hot before the next lot is put  in.  As soon as the fish is brown on both sides,  drain it on paper or a cloth, so as to absorb  all the fat. It should then be dished up on a  folded paper and placed on a hot dish.  When the frying is ended, allow the fat to  cool a little, strain it to remove any loose  crumbs' or bits of batter, and the fat will then  be quite fit for future use.  Hints in Buying and Serving Fish  In buying fish see that the eyes are bright  and prominent and the flesh firm���������not flabby.  Plain boiled or mashed potatoes should always be served with fish. Squash and green  peas also go well with it.  As the remains of boiled fish can be warmed  up with a little butter, pepper, salt and water,  making an excellent stew, they should always be  saved.  Canned fish should never be allowed to remain long in the can after opening. - It should  be   used   at   once.  While cold storage facilities enable fresh fish  in prime condition, to be available during all  months of the year, it should not be forgotten  that most varieties are caught more plentifully  at certain seasons of the year, and should then  be  available  mostcheaply.  WOMEN RENEWING  DEMAND FOR VOTES  =^\  PRACTICAL BEAUTY SECRETS  THIS series of short practical talks on the scientific care of the complexion, hair and eyes was begun  in the WESTERN CALL on February 25th, and will be continued from week to week' in these  columns. ,   ���������   .  Readers having any suggestions to offer or inquiries   to   make   are   invited to   send  them   in not  later  than Monday of each week to insure attention.���������The   Editor.  A Treatment for Red Noses  Red noses are caused, to.a great extent, by  . improper circulation,0 although the immoderate  use of spicy foods, liquors, or even tea and coffee, will do much toward bringing on this very  embarrassing trouble. Practice deep breathing.  This will expand the chest, distribute the circulation nrfore evenly and relieve the congestion  of the nose. This is a good treatment to employ when retiring at night. Dissolve one dram  of muriate of ammonia and half, a dram of tannic acid in two ounces of glycerin. To this mixture add three ounces of rosewater. Bind absorbent cotton dipped in this mixture on the nose  and allow to remain on all night. Applications  of camphor water are also very good for0 red  veins  in the nose.  Care of the Sands  The care of the hands is often a troublesome  beauty problem arid one that is too often neglected. The hands, it might be said, disclose  the age of a person even more than any other  feature. They should have at least reasonable  care. Some people have short and stubby fingers. These may be made more tapering by persistently pinching the ends, beginning the pres-  surejust^above' the^knucklesx Hand-massage "is"  also very good, and' helps to keep them smooth  and pliable, preventing wrinkles. The massage  should be gentle but firm���������the movement that  of washing the hands, with a motion rather toward the wrists. Use olive oil, cocoanut oil or  good vaseline. Always be careful to rinse the  hands in fairly cold water before drying them,  and to dry them thoroughly before going out  into the air. Here is a splendid treatment for  making the hands soft and white. At night,  just before retiring, wash the hands thoroughly  with a mild soap and moderately hot water,  using a hand brush. Rinse in cool water and  dry. Then rub the hands well with sweet almond oil, being careful to see that it is all rubbed into the pores of the skin. It is well to  encase the hands for the night in a pair of  sleeping gloves. This treatment will make the  hands beautifully soft and white. If the hands  are sensitive to all but the mildest soaps, rubber  gloves should be worn when doing housework.  Excessive perspiration of the hands may be  relieved by a warm water hand bath, followed  by a brisk alcohol rub. Alcohol closes the pores  and starts the circulation. Afterwards dust with  talcum. Another good hand ointment that is  useful as a whitener and softener is this: One  ounce of almond meal, one ounce of spirits of  benzoin, four ounces of orange flower water,  four ounces of rosewater, half a dram of borax.  Make the almond meal, rose water and orange  flower water into an emulsion. Let stand about  a day, then filter and add the borax. Dissolve  the borax, then add the spirits of. benzoin.  A good vanishing cream for either face or  hands is made as follows: Melt one ounce of  Russian gelatine and two ounces of rosewater  in a small rice boiler. Cool and add one ounce  of glycerine; afterwards add two drams of tincture of benzoin and twenty drops of perfumed  oil. Should the mixture harden too quickly it  may.-be immersed in warm water until again  '���������' dissolved.  *****  >��������� Care of the Nails  The finger nails form an important link in  the beauty of the hands.   Few people give their  nails the attention they should have. The way  to start out with the nails is to give them a treatment at a good manicure parlor. After the  manicure has trained them in the way they  should go it will be comparatively easy to keep  them attractive. If they are inclined. to erack  easily a nightly application of ordinary vaseline  will be found very beneficial. A good nail file  and a pair of cuticle scissors should be always at  hand. Occasionally a nail rouge and polishing  wax may be applied and the nails given a thorough polishing. Before doing this it is well to  use hand pumice on the nails and to soak them  for a time in warm soapy water. Hangnails  should always be cut off clean with a pair of.  cuticle scissors���������never pulled off..  Care of the Hair  The hair, while it should be kept clean,  should not be washed too often���������never oftener  than once a month, except under exceptional  circumstances.' If this is not often enough to  keep the scalp from becoming itchy, it is best  to have a scalp treatment at a reliable hair  dresser's. The life of the hair depends on the  proper distribution of natural oil at the roots.  This is accomplished by hand massage of the  ^scalpj.which^should be done^for. a fern, minutes  every night. Dry. brushing with a good bristle  brush will also do much to accomplish the same  result. For excessively oily hair a sun bath is  unexcelled* The hair*should be loose and flowing. Sunlight tends to dry the superfluous oil.  The cause of the dry hair falling out is that it  splits at the ends and stops growing, thus losing  its vitality. Dilute lemon water used after  washing and rinsing the rair will do much to preserve its natural color, especially in the case of  blondes. It is quite harmless and will not act  as   a . bleacher.  Two fresh eggs broken over the head and  rubbed briskly into the scalp make a splendid  shampoo. The rubbing process should last  for at least ten minutes. This will lend a natural gloss to the hair. For dandruff try a mixture of five ounces of bayrum, one ounce of,  tincture of cantharides and one ounce of olive  oil, rubbed into the scalp at bedtime. When the  hair shows a tendency to become gray, the use  of sulphur and iron in the dietary, and a scalp  massage occasionally with the yolk of an egg  should do much to ward off the trouble, as these  mineral substances will nourish the roots of the  hair and will tend to restore its color. Patent  hair tonics and dyes, however, are usually a  good thing to avoid; but there are some tonics  containing a good proportion of quinine or tincture of cantharides that are good, both in cases  of oily scalp and where the hair is dry and brittle. To apply tonic to the hair, drop it with a  dropper along the lines of the part and rub the  scalp with a massage movement. Shampoos or  treatments, especially where water is applied to  the hair, should not be indulged in too frequently. Dry brushing, and especially dry combing,  will do more than anything else to improve the  condition of the scalp and hair, though occasionally a very little olive oil .or vaseline may be used  in the hand massage of the scalp. The use of  peroxide, however, while it may bleach the hair,  tends to make it dry, lifeless and unsightly. The  use of an ointment consisting of fifteen grams  of precipitated sulphur and fifty grams of vaseline will do much to relieve excessive oiliness of  the scalp.  A resolution calling on the  government to enact a-bill at the  present sitting of the legislature  admitting the women of British  Columbia to the franchise on  equal terms with men was unanimously carried at a mass-meeting  held at the Labor Temple last  week under the auspices of the  B. C. Suffrage League. Mrs. R.  Smith, Miss Eileen Tutty and  Mr. J. S. Cowper were the speakers, and all agreed that the present was an opportune time to re-  neAV their demands on the govern-  The resolution will be presentment.  ed to the ministers by a delegation from the various equal suffrage societies which will be to  Victoria during this week. Miss  Gutteridge presided over the  meeting, at which musical and  literary items were provided by  Mrs. Rissel Burnett, Miss Eva  May, Miss Ethel Burnett and  Miss Helen Badgley.  Mr. Cowper pointed out that  with over 27 per cent, of the  population of Vancouver foreign  born, and thousands of our men  leaving for the front, it becomes  a matter of political precaution  to admit all British-born women  to  the franchise.  COURSE OF LECTURES  TO BE ESTABLISHED  As a means of bringing a larger proportion of the citizens of  Vancouver into closer connection  with the various, scientific, literary and artistic movements which  are fostered in the city by different organizations, steps were  taken at a meeting held last Friday afternoon in the British Columbia University buildings on  Willow street, and attended by  officers and members lbf seyeral  such societies, to inaugurate a  lyceum or course of lectures  which would attract the general  public to an active interest.  ,For some time it has been felt  by those interested in the societies of the city dealing withln-  tellectual matters that, although  there were lectures held from  time to time on different subjects, such lectures were not at-/  tracting as many people as they  should, and that, a large proportion of the citizens were taking  no part in these activities.  It was decided at the meeting  that Dr. Wesbrook, president of  the University, should be asked  to aet as chairman or convenor  of the movement until the organization is completed. He was sent  for, and after further consultation, consented to assist in this  way until an organiation could  be formed and elect its own officers. He will have associated with him a committee of seven  or more, which is not yet appointed, and which will draft a  constitution to be submitted, to  a larger representative gathering, or to those who declare  themselves desirous of membership in the new institution or  lyceum.  It is not intended that this proposed lyceum shall conflict with  the work of any of the existing societies, or interfere with  their work, or exercise control  over them, but it is hoped that  the different societies will co-operate with each other in the establishment, of a general course  of lectures on literary, scientific,  artistic, social and economic subjects.  Austria is to resume exploitation of tin mines on her territory,  working of which was discontinued before, the war owing to  small profits. It is estimated  that the three principal mines  in Bohemia alone, if actively  worked, can furnish three-fourths of. the country's requirements. Little tin has been mined in Austria heretofore, only  about 1 per cent, of the country's needs having been obtained  from Austrian mines.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  y  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery. he\ with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY Friday, March 10,, 1916.  TEE WESTERN CALL  !C  My Australian Diary  (Continued  from last   week)  December 2i.���������My  first  Sun-  tday   in  Australia   .   I   think it  [.scarcely likely that any stranger  jin this country could fail to  be  [/impressed with the genuine,   re-  ] freshing   hospitality  of  its people.   Never   have   I   seen   more  ranxiety   shown    to   make    the  ! stranger  perfectly  at home   and  Ur sliov--  him  the   sights   of the  ���������ionni.ry,  to   entertain   him   going     and    coming.   Already     I  have more pleasant acquaintances  than    I    have    known in  four  years   in  Vancouver.  They    are  more than mere acquaintances���������  they are   real friends.  Let me illustrate. When I went  to the Civic Club to interview  the gentleman I came here to  meet, he made me acquainted  with some of his business  friends, one of whom, a men's  furnisher, or mercer, as he is  called here, asked - me where I  was staying. When I told him  v I had my quarters at the hotel,  he said: "Well, you must see  something of. home life in Sydney. My wife and the girls will  be delighted to- have you with  us. You must come out tomorrow (Sunday) anyway. And  then, let me see, next Thursday  is Christmas. We will expect  you from Wednesday to Monday  at least. Nobody in Sydney will  dp any business with you in the  holidays." You see, Christmas  is THE holiday of the year to  Australians, as it occurs in their  midsummer. Everyone takes from  three days to three weeks, too,  to   spend   it.  Sydney is a surprisingly large  city���������over 750,000���������and laid out  on a generous scale, allowing the  best districts for residential purposes. Most business men live  miles away from the heart of  town. Sydney is a city of suburbs. Its excellent tram system  and suburban steam railways are  equalled only by its system of  steam ferries, which are the finest  in this part of the world and the  equal in efficiency of those of  cither New  York or  San  Fran  cisco.  Many parts of Sydney remind  one of the pictures of old London or Paris. Its streets are not  wide. Often they are too narrow to admit of a.double track  tram line. In such cases the cars  go in one direction only, in a  belt line! fashion. It is nothing  extraordinary to see people  walking down the middle of the  streets as they do in Spanish  American cities. Even if you see*  them going to a ball or the  theatre in evening dress, you  will frequently see them walking  out in the street. That often  seems the only logical place to  walk. '  The sidewalks are nearly al  ways sheltered from the heat of  the sun by canopies built; out  from the stores or offices. These  are very convenient also when it  rains.  The business men are of a  different type from those you  meet in northern cities. They  take life more leisurely, and  there is a happy absence of that  feverish haste to outdo the  other fellow which we of the  north are so familiar with. Yet,  though he works only from 9.30  to 4.00, the Australian business  man seems to accomplish just as  much in his day as we do in  ours. He believes in a holiday  for everybody when a holiday  comes, and that is one reason  why, when the stores close in  the evening most of the cafes  and restaurants   close also.  A traveller arrived at the Met-  ropole the other day from Chicago. He came down to breakfast  at 7.30, as he wanted to get an  early start for the day's, business. But no cheerful breakfast room greeted him. Only the  hall porter and the clerk were  there to give him welcome. In  disgust he started o.ut to get his  breakfast at a cafe. But they  were no better than the hotelsT���������  nothing, doing till 8.30. You see  they do not believe in making  slaves of their help in Australia.  Many a housekeeper has learned  that to her cost. Many a housewife   is today   doing   her   own  HANBURY'S  For  WOOP & COAl-  Phone: Bayview ^0764077.  Phones: North Van. 323 and X03. \  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  "Pride of the West"  ====== BRAND���������������������������  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money.  work because she cannot get  girls * to stay in the evening.  This is the land where the labor  party rules���������and rules with a  strong hand.  December 23.-t-Had my fi-rst  dip in the surf today. Sydney is  famous for its sea bathing, having six excellent ocean* beaches  of which Coogee and Manly are  the most noted. The water from  the Pacific is clear, pure and  warm, the sand of the whitest,  and though sharks abound they  never come within the- breakers.  The beach at Coogee, where I  am spending Christmas is fairly  alive with bathers from morning  till night, and a watch tower  on the rocks nearby is equipped with a warning bell to tell  us when sharks are nearing the  outer breakers. There is always  a heavy surf breaking, and it is  such fun to dive under the first  line of these breakers and come  in with the second ones. Even  the smallest children will . go  out this wayj as there is practically no undertow; and the  waves will often bring you  clear in to the edge of the  beach.  Sharks   are   plentiful   in the  South Pacific^ ocean, but there is  a   more deadly breed  of   shark  found in Sydney^s inner harbor  and up the Paramatta river. In  the early days they used to take  unruly convicts out to a little island   in   the   harbor and   leave  them there on short rations un-  till   they    became     manageable.  None    of    them     were     hardy  enough to attempt   to v swim   to  land,  as the sharks  would  certainly have eaten them. Today no  one can   swim   with   the   least  safety.in any part of the inrter  harbor, or even go about in any  frail boat or canoe as he would  be in danger- of these marine tigers almost anywhere; Only yesterday a lad had his leg bitten  off near little Manly, and died  at the hospital. A shark of the  shovel-nosed   variety,   measuring  fourteen   and    a    half   feet in  length    was, caught   last week  near  the  same   spot   where   the  boy was attacked.  Snakes abound in Australia,  some few kinds being very venomous. Today on our way to the  ostrich farm at the South Heads  we saw a kind of adder. At this  ostrich farm we saw about a  hundred fine South African  birds in the various stages of  moulting. The ostrich business  seems to be a paying industry as  they charge five dollars a plume.  You get them curled and shaped  and _ dyed_ tpv any/������_hade_ dej3ii^d.__  Made our first acquaintance  with the Australian theatre tonight, when we. went to hear  "Sweet County Kerry," an Irish  melodrama, which w.as well presented by a California company.  The aiMience sings the National  Anthem before the performance  instead of after. The exits are  called "escape doors." The  candy boys are calling "lollies."  We realize in many such ways  that we are in a land of different  customs and strange names, and  must accommodate ourselves to  new circumstances. The theatres  are not at all creditable for a  city of the size of Sydney. Besides a regular theatre for  stock company plays, there is  a vaudeville house, an opera  house, and Her Majesty's  Theatre, the one where the  expensive shows are produced.  Prices are higher than in America and the attractions away below the average. This is accounted for by the long distance  a troupe has to travel to reach  Australia, and by the fact that  only four cities of any size are  here to reward the theatrical  company that does brave the distance and the expense of the trip.  Australia has only some six millions of -people in all her im  mense territory ��������� a country  about as large as the settled part of Canada. Yet nearly one and a half millions of  these people  live^ In  her  largest cities, Sydney, Melbourne  and Adelaide. This does not  make it an ideal country for  theatrical troupes.  Visited the "White City "this  afternoon. This is a sort of Australian .Coney Island managed  by an- American firm, and comprises the usual class of. popular amusements, such as "shooting the chutes," " ferris wheel;''  '' crystal maze," *' scenic railway,''  "dancing pavilion," "trip to  Lilliput," etc. There was one  game called "Sock der Kaiser"  that was well worth the entire  price of admission. The idea was  to hit the wooden effigies of the  Kaiser, Crown Prince, Emperor  of Austria, Sultan of Turkey, etc.,  with a baseball as they popped  up from behind a screen. If you  hit the Kaiser you won a box of  cigars. Everybody was having  a' throw at him. This "White  City" is certainly a gold mine.  The   traveller   from   America  has a shock awaiting him when  he pays his first visit to a soda  fountain. Why they do not make  better ice-creamN or  learn  more  about the right way to serve it  in the many dainty dishes we are  so accustomed to, is a mystery.  The  climate  is  hot  enough, for  it  is  101  degrees  in the   shade  today. The milk and cream are  of as good   quality   as  in   most  cities.      The   taste   of  the   gen1  eral  public,  however,   especially  of the   masculine    element;  has  never been educated along    the  line   of  sweets  or  "lollies,"   as  they call them. They regard this  habit as suitable for women ^and  children only, and you will rarely see a man in any of these parlors.     Besides, they close at six  in the evening    just    the   hour  when our northern thirst begins  to  waken.  The  quality  of    the  candies is even poorer than that  of the ice-cream, so we have to  reconcile    ourselves ���������   to   lemon  squash at the bar until we  get  back  to New Zealand.���������E.W.S.  (To  be  continued)  In Lodgings Evidently  "Do you  have  hot  and  cold  water in your room?"  "No, cold and semi-cold."  v  Dorothy's Peril  One day, when Dorothy's mother was reading to the little  maid she came to the  word "gravitation." She explained its meaning, but thought  the child would forget it. Consequently she was much surprised  when, a few days later, Dorothy  came running in, crying:  "Oh, mother! it's such a good  thing for me there's a law of gravitation; if there wasn't I' dhave  surely tumbled head over heels  into Heaven just now!"  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  ft   OUTHEIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Colombia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  PUBLIC   SCHOOL DESKS  SHRAPNEL  Willing  Recruiting Officer: "Ever served a  term   of  imprisonment?"  Applicant: "No, sir; but I don't  mind doin' a short sentence if yer  think it necessary!"���������Sydney Bulletin.  ��������� *   *    *  Sentries have been placed over the  captured German guns on the Horse  Guards Parade. We are not going to  have the Germans pinching them back  again while no one is looking.���������London   Star.  # *   #    ������  The Recruiting Official���������One ^ran'-  father living? Is he on. your father's  or m6tlier's".sid?      ~  The Recruit���������Oh, 'e varies, sir; 'c  sticks up fer both on* 'em���������a  sort o'  nootral.  * *    *    *  Mistress: "Another sailor has called on you, Jane. I thought you had  only   one   sweetheart?'  Cook: "No, mum, two. I has one  'on the reserve," as they says in the  military.'.'  ������    ������    ���������    ������  "The late Admiral Evans had a  quick, buff wit," said Surgeon-Gen.  William C. Braisted, U. S. N.  "The admiral once was taken  through the Vanderbilt stables in  New York. Tlie stable manager  showed him walls and floors of pale,  translucent tiling, marble drinking  troughs, mangers of Circassian walnut, solid silver 'fittings', and so forth.  " Do you find anything lacking, Ad-  moral?' the manager said, proudly, at  the end.  " 'Nothing,' the admiral replied,  " nothing except a leather upholstered  sofa  for   each   horse.' "  Sheepily, after a night off, a certain  intern hastened to his hospital ward.  The first patient was .a stout old  Irishman.  "How goes it?*' he inquired.  "Faith, it'sh me breathin', doctor. I  can't get me breath at all, at al1."  "Why, your pulse is normal. Let  me examine the lung-action," replied the doctor, kneeling beside the  cot, and laying his head on the ample chest.  "Now. let's hear you talk," he continued, closing his  eyes   and listening.  "What'll  Oi be sayin',  doctor?"  "Oh, say anything. Count one, two,  three and up," murmured the intern,  drowsily.  "Wan, two, three, four, five, six,"  began the patient. When the young  doctor, with a start opened his eyes,  Pat was counting huskily, "Tin hundred an' sixty-nine, tin hundred an'  sivinty, tin hundred an' sivinty-  three  wan."���������Christian Register.  Pbone Seymour 9086  One Is Apt  at  times  to  be   forgetful, but  don't forget that  A Deposit Box  in our SAFETY VAULT will  protect yonr valuables, documents, heirlooms, etc., from  FIBE or BUXtOLABY for one  year  for  $2.50  We cordially Invite you to  inspect same  I DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS STREET W.  SEALED TENDERS, superscribed  "Tenders for School Desks,"  will be received by the Honourable the Minister of Public Works up  to 12 o'clock noon of Tuesday, 21st  day of March, 1916, for supplying  the following desks:  Single Desks  Size   No.   3    250  Size   No.   2 250  Single Hears  Size   No.    2    100  Size   No.   3  50  Size   No.    5    ..._..  25  The desks are to be quoted at a  price   per desk.  The name of the desk and maker to  be mentioned in tenders.  ���������Delivery at Victoria or Vancouver  on or before 31st day of July next.  The successful tenderer will, free  of any additional charges store the  desks and pack or crate ready for  shipment to places to be hereafter  designated from time to time to the  order of the Department. _  No tender will be entertained unless accompanied by an accepted  cheque on a chartered bank of Canada,  payable to the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, or by cash,  in the amount of two hundred dollars' ($200), which will be forfeited  if the party tendering decline to enter into contract when called upon to  do so, or if he fail to complete the  contract.  Cheques of unsuccessful tenderers  will be returned upon signing of contract.  The Department is not bound to accept the lowest or any tender.  J. E. GRIFFITH,  Deputy   Minister   and Public   Works  Engineer.        '  Department of Public Works,  Victoria, B. C, 1st March, 1916. mh2  SEALED TENDERS addressed to  the undersigned, and-, endorsed  "Tender for Freignt Shed on Gov  eminent Wharf, Vancouver, B. C."  will be received at this office until  4.00 P.M. on Thursday, March 23, 1916,  for the construction of a Wooden  Freight Shed on the Government  Wharf, at Vancouver, B. C.  Plans and forms of contract can be  seen and specification and forms of  tender obtained at this Department,  and at the offices of the District Engineer at Victoria, B. C, and on application to the Postmaster at Vancouver, B.   C.  Persons tendering are notified that  tenders will not be considered unless  made on the printed forms supplied,  and signed with their actual signatures, stating their occupations and  places of residence. In the case of  firmF, the actual signature, the nature  of the occupation, and place of residence of each member of the firm  must be given.    u  Each, tender must be accompanied  by an accepted cheque on a chartered  bank, payable to the order of the Honourable the Minister of Public Works,  equal to ten per cent. (10 p.e.) of the  amount of the tender, which will be  forfeited if the person tendering decline to enter intio a_ contract when  called upon to do so, or failtb complete the work contracted'for. If the  tender be not accepted the ' cheque  will  be returned.  The Department does not bind itself  to accept the lowest or any tender.  NOTE.���������Blue prints can be obtained at the Department of Public Works  by depositing an accepted bank cheque  for the sum of $20.00, made payable to  the- order of the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, which will be  returned if the intending bidder submit  a  regular  bid.  By order,  R. C. DESROCHERo,  Secretary.  Department of Public Works,  Ottawa, February 24, 1916.  Newspapers will not be paid for this  advertisement if they insert it without  authority from the Department.���������91770  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   AONINQ  REGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of the Dentin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application   for   a  lease  must   be ���������  made  by the  applicant  in  person  to  the  Agent   or  Sub-Agent  of  the  district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed. territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the.  ratei~6'f "fivie'cehts^iprtbi-^"^"^" " "^  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns-  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tb0  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,   1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of   Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy  Minister   of  the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication " ot  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL 8  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 10, 1916.  The Connaught Chapter of the  Daughters of the Empire will  hold, its regular business meeting this Friday afteriion at 2.30  at the home oi* Mrs. Gartshore,  1126  12th ave. west.  On  Wednesday   afternoon   of  last week the King Edward High  school hockey team, after a long  period of inactivity due to the  adverse weather conditions, played a game against the University of British Columbia eleven  and were defeated three to one.  Both teams were severely handicapped by lack of practice and  the game was a  poor exhibition.  In a fast game of basketball  in the King Edward high school  gymnasium on Thursday of last  week, tlie Point Grey basketball  team was defeated by King Edward. The game was very even  up to half-time, but in the second half McPhail and Hunter  of the K. E. side seemed to be  incapable of missing their opponents' basket, and the final  score  was 46  to 11. '  west, was well attended,, the  house looking very gay with its  decorations of flags, carnations  and pussy willows. Mrs. A. Robinson, the president, assisted the  hostess hi receiving. Mrs. Cole,  Mrs. Pyke, Mrs. Lyttleton and  Mrs. J. J. Mackay poured tea,  the table being gracefully decorated with daffodils. Among the  ladies assisting were: Miss Stewart, Miss Muriel Stewart, Mrs.  Mackay, Miss Hilker, Mrs. Slop-  er, Miss McQuarrie, Miss Lyttleton, Mrs. Cole, Miss Marian  AVilson, Mrs. Barger, Mrs. A. M.  Sharp. Mrs. Culver, Mrs. Pyke,  Miss Pyke, Mrs. Barclay, Mrs.  Addison, Miss Miller and Mrs.  Paul in.  The Military JSad Cross Sawing Circle tea held on Wednesday  afternoon at the home of Mrs.  E.  B. McMaster, 967  Tenth ave.  Could Hear Just As Well  At a British recruiting meeting re  cently the speaker, having got his au  dionce in a high state of enthusiasm  by tolling them of the many brave  deeds performed by our soldiers in  France, suddenly espied a big,  strongly built man at the back of the  hall. "My man,"-he cried, "how is  it that you arc not at the front?''  "Oh,, it is all right," replied the  burly yokel. "I can hear every word  you say" from   here."���������Tit-Bits.  FIRE PROTECTION vs.  FIRE PREVENTION  Seeking   Them  Out  The tragic damage that this war  has done to Germany it that it has  destroyed confidence in German national character. ' Honor, truth,  mercy are divorced from Germany in  the estimation "'of the rest of ��������� Christendom. That is a shocking tragedy,  tlie worse because it involves so many  people who are not to blame. We  know very well that all Germans are  not'hell-cats. The difficulty is to  separate those that are from those  that  are   not.���������New York  Life.  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  you;  Se  14  Ounce  Loaf  SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values whieh make strength  .and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean.  BUTTER-NUT   BREAD  is the best and least expensive food you can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. Comes in sanitary waxed wrappers.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread.      Fair. 44.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  ^^^.EublicJW-ork^JGontractor&^=-^^.  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  Dominion Coal Lo.  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds of Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554=  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER,  Furniture and Piano Moving   ���������  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 843  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  While enormous sums are spent annually in the equipment and upkeep  oi* fire departments for the purpose  of controlling and extinguishing;, fires,  it is almost- a novelty to find a municipality with a department charged  with the inspection, and with authority to enforce the correction, of conditions favorable to tires, says a contemporary.. In some of our larger  cities some progress has ,been made  by the fire departments, which have  sot apart small details of their staffs,  charged with inspection work. The result of their work is minimized, however, b}r the fact that the inspectors  have not. sufficient authority.  The fire chiefs have it in their  power to advance the fire prevention  campaign and secure results. If a fire  chief's record depended upon his keeping down the number of fires, instead of his ability to handle fires  after they have broken out, there  would bo greater effort at inspection.  Fire chiefs should insist upon sufficient men for inspection work; these  men should bo held responsible for  tlie inspection and correction of dangerous conditions, and, to make their  work effective, tlie inspectors should  be clothed with lire marshal authority, in order that any fire breaking  out in their inspection districts might  be thoroughly investigated and the  cause definitely assigned. In this way  :ui inspector's reputation for thoroughness would be at stake and, with  the knowledge that a fire would be  investigated by one familiar with  the conditions, there would be fewer  fires of a suspicious character or; due  to carelessness.  Municipalities can well afford to  make generous appropriations for fire-  preventive inspection work. It is an  investment which will yield large re-  returns, not only in reduced fire loss,  but in reduction in the cost of upkeep of fire departmets and equipment.  In Vancouver a very efficient system .of inspection is maintained and  tho inspectors have the power to or-,  der dangerous conditions to be removed. Tho building bylaws- also  pay special attention to the elements  of   fiie  risk.  ORDERS OF MERIT  WOMEN MAY WIN  A  Piano in the Trenches  The following account of the strange  adventures of a piano in wartime is  taken from an issue of The London  Times   of   recent date:  The whole line was digging, itself  in. The Germans were shelling the  position heavily, and life, itself depended upon digging in. The men  worked feverishly,   racing   death.  Suddenly the trench t������������h3 of, one  party struck on wood. Ihcy had  found a box���������a large box���������a very  large box. On this site had stood'. in  the happy days now so long ago, n  large chateau. What was this relic of  the old world upon which the trench  tools of the new had struck? Buried  treasure? Yes. The wooden box grew  larger and larger till it revealed itself   as   a  grand   piano.  And immediately, German shells or  no, some one must needs try it. It  was sorely battered, but it sounded.  A grand piano which sounded Avas a  prize which the British soldier���������brutal mercenary of - an unmusical people���������was not going to sacrifice for  all the shells in Europe. That piano  must not be moved. The trench formation..must be altered to make'room  for it, and altered it was. And, tenderly propped upon two legs of its  own and a third built up of. mud the  piano  held   the   field. .  A pianist was called for, and, tinder tlie whistling aud. screaming aud  crashing of the' German shells, the  piano showed what it could do. The  trenches all about were packed with  would. Add the company officers  warned them ..of snipers, insisted on  their taking' shelter beneath the parapet. Stand tip and listen they  would. And the company offcers-  themselves were just as bad. In its  palmy days the piano-' may have had  its, triumphs, its rapt audiences, in  the calm of the chateau; but this was  its apogee. And when the tini.e came  for the battalion to be relieved nothing would satisfy the men but the  piano must go with them. Now, with  a new third leg of wood, it dwells  in honor in a safer, drier place somewhere   behind   the  lines.  And what music was it with which  the pianist had held the men spoil-  bound, oblivious of. danger] "Tipperary"' "Let's All (Io Down the  SI ra nd," .' " The Little Gray Homo in  the West".' Not a bit of'it. It was  music of a kind to which the piano  was probably accustomed. It was  Debussy. For .(he moral of this true  story is that, whatever music that  odd creature, the British soldier, may  choose to sing or whistle or mouth*  organ on his own account, when it  comes to listening he wants the best.  Nothing cheaply sentimental or "music, hall''' for him. In good music  only does he find the qualities that  he needs.  It is common complaint among women, that whatever heroic deeds they  may perform in war. or peace times,  the}' cannot-win a memento such as  that bestowed on the male sex for  signal acts of bravery. This, however,  is scarcely correct. There,is, for instance,, the Imperial Service Order,  founded by the late King -Edward to  commemorate his Coronation, for bestowal upon women for very conspicuous bravery. This is one of the  most coveted and honorable decorations that a woman can wear.  The Royal Red Cross  The order of the Royal Red Cross  which was founded on St. George's  Day, 18S3, is another decoration reserved for women only. It is given  for merit and valor displayed in nursing, particularly army and navy nursing, and ��������� consists of a red and blue  ribbon���������colors significant of the fighting services���������with a scarlet cross inscribed with the words, "Faith, Hope,  Charity." The Order of St. John of  Jerusalem���������a -little Maltese Cross,  bearing the words, "For services in  the cause of humanity," attached to  a black ribbon, can also be won by  women.  Another Order founded by King  Edward is the greafclj'-eovetcd Order  of Merit, which is bestowed upon men  and women who have gained distinction in literature, art, ��������� science, or  any of the peaceful, as distinguished  from the fighting, services. But tip to  the present it has only been conferred upon one woman���������the incomparable Florence Nightingale.  Legion of Honor  Queen Victoria was responsible for  the institution of the first English  decoration for women���������the Royal Order of Victoria v and Albert, founded  in memory of the Prince Consort, and  consisting of a medal bearing portraits  of the Royal couple suspended by a  white ribbon. This Order is reserved,  as a rule, for ladies of European  Royal houses. The Imperial Order of  the Crown of India was also founded  by Queen Victoria, and is usually bestowed on ladies, who have been Vicereine of India. Lady .Randolph Churchill is one of the "holders of the most  difficult   of   all   Orders   to   obtain.  Of foreign decorations for women  the French Order of the Legion of  Honor has been bestowed on the greatest number of womqu. Ther6 is only  one Russian decoration for women���������  the Order of St. Catherine; while  there are two Spanish decorations���������  the Order of St. James, which was  founded in the twelfth "century, probably the earliest decoration ever, bestowed on a woman, and the Order  of 'St. Maria of Spain, an Order similar to our Order of the Royal Red  Cross conferred for distinguished service in nursing. Queen Victoria re<  ceived it some years ��������� ago in recognition of her practical .interest in nurs-  ;ng work.  The Ribben and Star of the Order  of the Shefekat (Order of Compassion) is a Turkish decoration whieh  can be worn by women. Turkish  women seldom receive it, but Lady  Conan   Doyle   received  it   some   years  '"go-  Perhaps the most coveted of all  Orders for women, certainly so far as  Roman Catholics .are concerned, is the  Golden Rose, which is bestowed upon  pious daughters of the Church by the  Pope. It may only be conferred once  in each year. Queen Victoria of Spain  is one of the very few recipients of  the  decoration.  _mVENTElX���������ByL WOMEN  An Irish "Bulh"  Geo. TV. Pi-out, member for Kil-  donan St. Andrews, in the Manitoba  Legislature, recently delivered himself of a mixed metaphor which materially added variety to the proceed  ings of the day. 'Mr. Prout was speaking on farm credits. He was very  much in earnest. Tie advocated a system which would benefit the poor  farmer.  "We want a system, sir," he said,  "by means of which the farmer will  be able to raise wheat, oats and barley: and these when boiled down to  brass   tacks,  is gold."  The house roared.  Women' are; .generally considered  lacking in inventive genius. The truth  is that ladies ha^-e been taking out  patents  steadily since   1730.  It must be confessed that these  ideas have n'ot always turned out a  complete success, but, then, the world  has progressed' as a result'of many  mistakes other than those of inventors.  How few women ever realize as  they ply the crochet-hook that it was  a Scotswoman, Christian .Shaw, the  daughter of the laird of Balgarran, in  Renfrewshire, who was the first to  produce linen thread, as far back as  .1720; her "idea was developed later by  the big Paisley firm of Clark and  Coats.  Silk-weaving was invented by the  wife of the fourth Emperor of China,  in the dim ages of antiquity; a woman in the harem of an Indian prince  invented the weaving of cashmere  shawls; the same clever woman or her  mother (authorities differ on this  point) discovered attar of roses; while  a poor Italian woman rediscovered  the secret of Venetian Point lace,  whieh had been lost' for nearly six  hundred years.  For  Her Own  Use  As a rule, the women have confined their attentions to the improvements of articles of personal or household use. But there have been notable exceptions, as in the case of a  Bristol i shipbuilder, who amassed a  fortune by adopting his wife's suggestion to use copper-iron, nails in the  .hulls   of   the   vessels.  It. was a, little girl,, who hit upon an  invention which revolutionized the  making of screws; and the American  woman who patterned a process for  turning out horseshoes on a big scale  saved her country the sum of 250.000  dollars in a dozen years."  The most amusing, application ever  received at the patent office was from  a woman who desired to patent a  moustache  protector;   but  the authori-  Advantages in U&ing Campbell's  Big Moving Vans  They are completely enclosed, not side-curtained���������therefore no toj  or flapping sides to expose your household goods, to all kinds of weath]  , conditions.. Each "Car Van" is heavily padded inside to prevent j!  or friction. First to introduce these in Vancouver. CAMPBELL no]  operates twice as many as all other firms put together. Your gool  will come out safe, sound and whole when moved in them.; .Rates mol  erate���������free moving estimates given.    Phone Seymour 7360 TODAY.  (AM PBELL$TORACE fi>M PANY  Oldest amp Largest in Wfstepn Canada  'Phone Seymour 7360 Office 857 Beatty Street J  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St.  Vancouver. B.C.  WHAT CONSTITUTES  A GOOD SHOE?  First of all, von want a shoe that will be  comfortable on yonr feet���������an anti-corn and  anti-bunion sort of shoe. Then yon want quality���������the best leather, the most superior workmanship because that constitutes wear. Xhcn  you want appearance���������style, attractiveness.  Take a LECKIE BOOT. Examine it carefully.  You will find it crowded with all three points,  FIT, WEAR and STYLE.   For sale at all lead  ing dealers.  LECKIE BOOTS  ties are still undecided as to whether  it was for her own use or that of a  man!  One ingenious woman iii London,  England, some little time ago topped  the record by owning no 'fewer than  ten patents, which ranged from combination toothbrush racks to methods  of disinfecting money in tills and  microbes  on doormats.  To   Save  Her   Husband.   .  , Mary Kees was the first American  wom.au to take out a patent, iu 170S,  for weaving straw with silk or thread;  but with the spread of education, the  numbers of feminine inventions have  increased, until between ]8S4 and  llOlO the. sum total of 7,9-12 patents  was granted them. These varied from  a" baby-jumper to a deep-sea telescope,- and"from- a- fountain-periXo-th^  first   cooking-stove.  A woman who used her wits, was  determined if possible to save the  time and labor of her husband, who  was a-postmaster in California, and  she brought out a permutation lock  witlv 3,000 combinations, as well as a  letter-box for the outside of houses  which -displays a sign to the postman when (.there are letters to collect  inside.     /������  A woman shop assistant patented a  satchel-bottom payer bag, and pocketed $24,000 for her brainy idea. Several' wives who assist their husbands  in farm management patented improvements on agricultural implements.  Others have reduced labor in factories and shops by their practical  solutions and not a few nurses have  been responsible for in'iproved hospital  appliances.  From Dress to Aeroplanes  Madame Surric's triumph as the  discoverer of radium is still fresh in  the public mind, as is that of Dr.  Maria Montessori, whose novel methods are likely to revolutionize the  art  of  teaching in  the near  future.  Last year 350 patents were applied  for by women, and the following'anal-,  ysis demonstrates the scope and variety of   their interests:  Dress 54, nursing and medical 34,  household requisites 20, cooking Q,  mechanical 24, motor-cars and cycling  7, gardening and needlework 6, babies'   requisites    6,   and    aeroplane   3.  Others less practical concerned inventions for preserving the contour  of face and chin, fleshre'ducing garments, pneumatic boot-lasts, means for  keeping the seats of busses dry, and  an apparatus for preventing chills after a hot bath. The warlike spirit  of the times was reflected in such  patents as nets and arm-rings for defensive purposes, aud an inflated lifebelt. ���������  New Belgian  Postage Stamps  The most noteworthy postage stamps ���������>  of modern times are those of the occupation series that Germany imposed  upon conquered Belgium; a scries that  resulted in a sfamp issue of reprisal.  Tho Germans confiscated Belgium  stamps as fast as they could find  them, and sold great quantities at a  discount in Germany and neutral  countries.  No revenue accrued' to the Belgian  treasury from those ��������� sales and the  Belgian government .put to press-a  novv Belgian scries. The stamps appear-,  ed last October, apparently printed in  London and distributed from there.  The Belgian govern meat has, demonetized the stamps that the Germans  seizeJ.  ..-Xrho---..iie.w^--=I3elgiaiv--.,sta.inps���������will----:be-  unique in the annals of philately, because of their historical significance.  Seven values, from one centime to  'twenty-five centimes, of the ordinary  sizo, contain the portrait of Albert.  Several higher values of a larger size  reflect the coming of the Germans.  The 35-eentime stamp shows the Cloth  Hall of Ypres after the destruction  wrought by the enemy; the 40-centime,  the College of Dinant and the surrounding landscape after the invasion; the 50-eentime, the ruins of the  University of. Louvain'. The 1-franc  stamp symbolizes the freeing of tho ���������  Scheldt, as the most important economic event in the history of Belgium.; the 2-l'rane commemorates the  annexation of the Congo; the 5-frnnc  shows King Albert oil the steps of  the town hall at Puriies presenting the  Belgian Hag to his army. The 10-cen-  t'nne portrays three kings of the Belgians���������  the   two   Leopolds and Albert.  "Have   you much   of a   police force  1 in this  village" ,  "Bather. 'E weighs  17  stone."  Their Imperfect .Tongue  Prior to the war nobody had any  idea that the German vocabulary was  so deficient Now by Ambassador von  Bernstoff's assertion that "there is  no such word in the German language, "disavow" is added to the  list led by. "treaty," "honor" and  "humanity" There is no room for  these alongside of "Kultur," it appears- It still remains to be seen  whether there is room there for  "fail"���������From  the  New   York  Suu  As   Others   View It  Old 'Housekeeper (to son of the  house���������home on short leave): "Why,  if it isn't Master George! Well, whov  would ever have thought the war  would haA'e been over so soon'"  "Any  fool   can   take a   chance.      It  takes   brains   to  be   careful.  Indignant     Customer���������Barber,    why  did you drop   that   steaming  towel   on ���������  my face.   Barber���������Because it  was   too  hot to hold, sir.   .;,


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