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The Western Call Mar 17, 1916

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Array ���������- ;  _     i������       frtKL  >rovincVal   U^ary,   ^  4$F*t  ���������'���������562-   --Vj-.  ���������553 '  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Kearney  J  M. Mclntyte  Funeral Director  T; J. Kearney & Co.  Funeral ^Director!  ������   At your service day and  |4" ���������     -   -  -���������>  night.  '   Moderate ch$rg:es~  802 Broadway Wait  Phono: F������ir. 1098  SOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   . FRIDAY. MARCH 17, 1916.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 45.  OUNT PLEASANT  The secretaries of all Clubs  and Associations (whether social, religious or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may bo sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication. ���������  PROGRAM OF ANNUAL  CHOIR CONCERT  The following is the program  oi the annual choir concert to be  given at the Mount Pleasant  Methodist church next Tuesday  evening, March 21, a.t 8 p m.,  under the conductorship of Prof.  | _f J. F. Ainsley, F.I.G.C.M.  Chorus: "May Britain be by  God Preserved, ."��������� By the Choir;  reading, "Tiger Bay," and "A  Trooper's Ditty," Mrs. James  McNeill; solo, "Habanera," MiNS  Eva McCrossan; violin solo,  "Salut D'Amour" Master Hugh  Barbour; duet, "Somewhere a  Voice is Calling," Mr and Mrs.  F. T. Chambers; part song (humorous), "Simple Simon," Tne  Choir; 'cello solo, "Priere," Mr.  R. Jolly (Vancouver Hotel Or-  | chestra); choral fantasia on The  j Bohemian Girl, Miss Eva McCrossan, Miss E. Burnett, Mr. "W.  McFarlane McGregor and the  choir; reading, "The Amphitheatre Scene" (The Last Days of  Pompeii), Mrs James McNeill;  trio, "0 Memory," Misses C.  Stewart, M. Fawcett and Mr. W.  McFarlane McGregor; part song,  "Hymn to the Night," the  choir; duet, "Excelsior," Miss  A. M. Davis and Mr. A. J. Ainsley; part song, "In this Hour of  Softened Splendour." The Choir  God Save the King.  The unveiling of a roll of honor will take place at St. Paul's  Presbyterian church, cor. 14th  and Burns, on Sunday evening.  Rev. R. G. MacBeth ,the pastor,  wilL cond^L the ^rvice.  Mr.  C. M. Bowman, for tbe  National Amusement Company,  took out a permit on Saturday  for the new moving picture theatre at the southeast corner of  Main and Broadway, which is  estimated to cost $50,000. The  auditorium will be 60x84 feet.  Excavation work is now proceeding on the new building.  Mr. and Mrs. J. McBride entertained at their home, 1424 10th  avenue east, on Thursday even  ing last in honor of their son,  Frank McBride and Harold S.  Kerr, who left on Saturday morning for Kingston to join the  50th Queen's Battery Artillery.  A very enjoyable evening was  spent with music, cards and dancing. Mrs. E. L. Macdonald, of  Victoria, delighted the company  with numerous instrumental se  lections.  A fire which occurred at the  plant of the "West Coast Manufacturing Company, 25 Lome  street west, on Thursday night,  did considerable damage to the  machinery and buildings.  The Helping Hand Committee  of Alexandra Review No. 7 Woman's Benefit Association of the  Maccabees, will meet at the home  of Mrs. McCann, Broadway east,  on Thursday afternoon, April 6,  at half-past two.  Mt. Pleasant will join the other  city reviews of the Woman's  Benefit Association of the Macabees in a. union dance at Eagle's Hall on April 7. The proceeds will go to the Canadian  Patriotic Fund.  Gospel meetings are held in  Mt. Pleasant Hall, corner 8th ave.  and Ontario street week nights at  8 o'clock and Sundays at 7.30  p.m. ��������� The meetings will be  conducted by Messrs. D. Burden,  W. W. Reid and others. A hearty  invitation is extended to you.  Hundreds of people turned out  on Tuesday afternoon to see the  62nd battalion, over 1150 strong,  march past in review before  leaving for the front. All the  schools were dismissed in order  that the pupils might have the  opportunity of seeing the sol  diers for the last time before  their departure. The lineup of  march was oyer the Fairview  belt line.  The meeting of tha grand lodge  of the A.O.U.W. of British Columbia closed on Friday last. The  members of. Perseverance lodge  of Mt. Pleasant entertained the  visiting members with an automobile drive around Stanley Park  and Marine Drive.  The grand lodge elected the  following officers for the coming year;- P.G.M.W., Dr. S. C.  Me_Ewan,���������Ne\r:Wj^mir^ex^_G_  M., Dr. A. A. King, Ladner;  G. Foreman, C. T. Wriglesworth,  Victoria; G. Overseer, R. H.  Macauley; G. Secretary, J. T.  Mcllmoyl, Victoria; G. Treasurer, Wm. Scowcraft, Victoria; G.  Medical Examiner, Dr. DeWolf-  Smith, New Westminster; G.  Trustee, Geo. Adams, New West-  minster; Committee on Laws, F.  L. Budlong, chairman; H. T. De-  vine, Vancouver; W. H. Wilson  Ladner; Committee on finance,  Mayor H. Stewart, Victoria, Fred  Davey, T. Cashmore, Victoria.  The next annual session will  be held in New Westminster the  second Thursday in March * of  next year.  VANCOUVER  EXHIBITION ANNOUNCES DATES  The Vancouver Exhibition Association has announced the dates  for the annual exhibition in 1916.  The Aveek of August 14-19 has  been selected. Already the long  and arduous 'campaign Avhich  leads up to the exhibition has  been commenced, and arrangements are being made Avhich  will make the coming event  more attractive than " ever before. The knitting of socks for  the soldiers has turned the attention of .the women's world back  to those graceful household accomplishments which at one period occupied so large a. portion  of a girl's training.  Household arts, needleAvork of  every description and hand-  painted china ������������������; .will; form ran important part of the exhibition  this year. The success of the  baby show last year decided the  directors in their project of making it an annual event. The  "Made in B. C." portion of the  exhibition Avill be an extremely interesting and educative section of the display. The consumers of the province Avill then be  enabled to see samples of the various products of British Columbia  ������������������Which'the B. C. Consumers' League has been advertising for the  past year. -  ='v\  YOUNG CONSERVATIVES  FORM ASSOCIATION  :'������������������ The Vancouver Young cCohseWative Association came into  being in the rooms of the central body on Tuesday night at  an enthusiastic meeting of the younger members of the party. ,  President A. M. Harper occupied the chair. Mr. R. L. Maitland acting as secretary pro ten}. Membership and constitution committees were formed and speeches delivered by the  promoters of the movement.     j  i  The members of the two committees are as follows:  Membership Committee���������Messrs. Kearns, Shoebotham,  Perrin, J. Hall Evans, Kirkpatriqk, Pearsall, Grant, Cameron,  Hyslop, Cunliffe, Cameron, Ohan and Roberts with representa  tives from Wards HI., VII. and VIII. to be chosen.  Committee on constitution���������-Messrs. Ed. Lucas, J. Shearer,  Kirkpatrick, Fernie, S. Smith. A. E. Banton, and vacancies  for delegates in Wards VH. and VHL to be filled.  Mr. F. W. Welsh, in a stirriig exhortation to the younger members to come forward and do their bit to help advance the party, reminded them faat they were the politicians  of tomorrow. Young blood waa.needed in the party. The  old men were getting older and lit wag up to the young men  to take some of the burdens on; their own shoulders.  Mr. Waitlamdj who foliowe#gave a brief but feeling resume of the history of the Conservative party, which, he said*  was the most glorious in the history of the Dominion of  Canada. He paid a high tribute to Sir John A. Macdonald,  Sir Robert Borden and the various leaders, and ashed that  the young members who w������re joining the ranks would keep  the patterns of these great men in their minds.  If you find anything dirty in the Conservative party,'  clean it out," said the speaker, "hut for God's sake do not  go over to the Grit trenches and sling mud."  Mr. Robert Cassidy also spoke briefly and the meeting  adjourned after singing the National Anthem and giving  three cheers for Sir Robert Borden and Hon. Mr. Bowser.  A public meeting will be held in the association rooms  tonight at which Mr. J. G. Miller will speak on tbe Agricultural Credits bill. Mr. B- Wilier, member for Grand Forks,  will also give an address. The next meeting of the Young  Conservative Association will he held next Monday evening.  March  20th.     -^-,~~~^,^__^,^.__,__X__. .....       ._..._...  The ladies'  aid of the Robson  Memorial Methodist church will  give a supper in the church this  evening in honor of St. Patrick's  Day.  The St. Patrick's supper to be  given by the Ladies' Aid of the  Westminster .Presbyterian church  at 6 o 'clock tonight -will be followed by a vocal and instrumental  program, rendered by the Glee  Club of the 158 Duke of Con-  naught's battalion.  In the Cedar Cottage Presbyterian church on Monday evening next a sketch entitled, "Rebecca's Triumph" Avill be produced. The curtain is at 8 o'clock.  D. Hunter, school medical offi  cer, reports 25 cases of whoop-  ing cough for the past month,  and advocates stricter measures  for the isolation of. the disease,  as there is danger of an epidemic similar to the epidemic of  measles so prevalent in January, may be brought on if precautionary measures are not  taken at once.  The school attendance for ihfi  month averaged 4213, or a percentage of 77.69 of, the total attendance. Mr. Sims, of Secord  school, was appointed general  superintendent of the school cadet corps in the municipality to  replace Major Graham, avIio previously had charge of the boys.  Mr. and Mrs. S. Cameron, of  Boissevain, Man., are visiting at  the home of Mr. Cameron's sister, Mrs. C. Scott, 2531 Laurel  street.  (Bi On Monday evening the Y. P.  TJ. of the Mount Pleasant Baptist church Avill resume its regular Aveekly services at 8 o'clock. The revival services -will  close the end of this week. They  have been very successful from  the beginning. The Sunday school  attendance last Sunday Avas the  largest on record. The Friday  night meetings for boys and  girls are now in full swing. The  hour is 7.15.  Rev. W. T. Keeling, M.A., professor at St. Mark's Hall, Avill  give a, course of sermons in All  Saints' Anglican church at~even-  song every Wednesday throughout Lent, services at 8 o'clock.  Matins at 10.30 every morning  in the- chapel. Service of intercession every Friday at 5 p. m.  in the church.  Left All Bight  Officer (furiously)���������"What the dooce  is the Matter? "Where are your shots  going? :!  Irish "Recruit (nervously)���������Sure I  dunno, sir. They left 'ere all right!  Rev. H. C. Fraser, of Chiili-  Avack, spent the greater part of  the past week in the city visiting  his sister, Mrs. George Jones, 735  8th avenue Avest.  On Sunday morning next the  pastor, Rev. M. H. Jackson, Avill  preach in St. George's Anglican  church, 14th avenue and Laurel  street; in the evening Archdeacon  Heathcote Avill preach. On Wednesday next the usual weekly  Lenten services Avill be held at  8 p. m.     '���������  The patriotic workers    of the  Gaelic Society met at the home  of Mrs. L. McLean, 1548 Eighth  avenue Avest, on Tuesday afternoon. A donation of five pairs  of socks Avas received from Mrs.  Atkinson, 245 16th avenue Avest.  The members are devoting their  energies to getting their next  March. Mrs. McLean served tea  during the afternoon. The  next meeting Avill be held at  Mrs. McLean's residence on Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock.  Bomaby  Mrs. Bingle, Edmonds, and her  tAvo children Avere badly bruised  the former also sustaining a cut  on the head, when the auto in  Avhich they Avere riding collided  with another machine on Kings-  way at 4.25 Sunday afternoon.  Mrs. Bingle and one of the children Avere throAvn from the auto  t>3r the impact, but unfortunately escaped serious injury.  John Oliver, alias F. E. Williams, Avas arrested on Friday by  the Burnaby police on a charge  of obtaining money under false  pretences. The allegation against  him is that he Avent through various parts of the municipality  last summer, representing himself  as agent for certain periodicals  published in the United States  and secured payments when he  had no authority to do so.  Fire   destroyed   the home of  Mr. Marie on Vivian street and  42nd avenue on Thursday morning.  A report made at the meeting  of the school board on Tuesday  night revealed the fact that seven school janitors in South Vancouver have enlisted since the  war began, and two or three  more are applying for leave of  absence, The men who have enlisted are: V. C. Williams, Van  Home school; E. B. Shoove,  Sexsmith; Sam Wright, Selkirk;  Frank Price, Norquay; Bert  Wilding, Moberly; H. Isherwood,  and F. J. Essary, Mackenzie.  The Main Street branch of the  South Vancouver Sailors' and  Soldiers' Mothers and Wives Red  Cross Society has arranged to  hold a sacred concert on Sunday  evening in the Dreamland thea  tre, cor. 25th and Main. The program will commence at 8 o'clock.  On Sunday evening in the St.  David's Presbyterian church, Bodwell road; a military patriotic  service will be held, at which the  new roll of honor will be unveiled. Col. Milne, of the 158th battalion and Lieut. Henry of the  same battalion, will assist at the  service.  The Girls' Mission Band of  St. David's Presbyterian church  gave a very successful daffodil  tea on Tuesday afternoon and  evening in the store at Bodwell  Road and Windsor street, reali-  ing   $'20 by   its efforts. The  store was beautifully decorated  with green and yellow streamers and daffodils. Those in  charge of the tea Avere Mrs. C.  L. Mitchell, superintendent of  the Girls' Band; Mrs. F. Henley and Mrs. Fox. There Avas  also a sale of fancy Avork, home  cooking y^te;-������������������-^-���������i----���������---^~"���������v--  At a meeting held in the rooms  of the Ward VI. Conservative  Association, the Central Conservative executive of South Vancouver elected officers for the ensuing year as folloAvs: Hon. president, Sir R. L. Borden; hon.  vice-president, Hon. W. J. Boav  ser; president, E. L. Armstrong;  first vice-president, Wm. Crane;  second vice-president, T. B. Bam-  ber; third vice-president, A. E.  Shirley; treasurer, James Russell- secretary, F. O. Hodgson;  Mr. C. Stuart Campbell, candidate for South Vancouver, and  Mr. W. J. Baird, candidate for  Richmond riding, addressed the  meeting.   Trustee McPhie, who, -with  Chairman Neelands, had been appointed to back the municipal  council in their efforts to secure a continuance of the street  car service on BodAve.ll road, has  reported that there is little hope  that the eompany Avill consent  to continue * the serA-ice. Supt.  Murrin, of the B. C. Electric  has said, in reply to their representations, that the line Avas not  paying and in such circumstances  he could not advise its continuance. Trustee Roberston has also  reported with regard to the telephone service, that there is little  hope that the board would be  able to get the telephone tolls  cut out.  Queen   Mary Review tio.  22,  Women's Benefit Association of  the Macabees, met at the home of  Mrs. Layley on Wednesday evening. There was a fair attendance,  one new member being admitted.  The next meeting Avill be held at  the OddfelloAvs' Hall, 30th and  Main streets, on April 5th.  The South Vancouver Soldiers'  and Sailors' Mothers' and Wives  Red Cross Society are haying  three sewing afternoons a Aveek,  Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, commencing at 1 p.m., at  the "Khaki Home," cor. 47th and  Chester"StTTwith a j^heiM'mett^  ing on the first Friday in eveiy  month. All desirous of becoming  Avorkers are invited to attend.  Collingwood people are to he  entertained in the CollingAvood  Institute this evening by a visit  of Vancouver Musical Club  Avhich will present a programme  of vocal and instrumental music. The entertainment Avill be  contributed to by the folloAving:  Miss Atexander, Miss Marjorie  Boyd, Miss Amy Wilson, Mrs.  Charles Dietrich, Lieut. Foster  and Private Williamson. The  concert  is free to  all.  The St. John's Parish Church,  Central Park, has arranged for  a series of popular lectures by  Mr. A. St. John Mildmay, M. A.  The first of these Avas given last  Wednesday evening on "Shakespeare." The second lecture, by  Prof. Odium, on the "Ten Tribes  of Israel," on March 22nd.  The third lecture will he delivered on Mar. 29th on the "Modern Historical Novel," and  the fourth lecture Avill be delivered April 4th by Dr. C. A. Sea-  ger, on "Pioneer Explorers of  B.   C."  Not in His Family  "Don't Avorry if the baby cries  it deArelops his lungs."  "Yes, but I'm not rasing my  boy to be a coal man." THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 17, 1916.]  War's Effect on Reading  Telling how the Avar Avould  affect literature has been one of  the chief employments of writers  since August, 1914. Some of  them have said that it Avould  stop literature, that novels and  poetry could not possibly come  into existence until many years  had healed the world's Avounds.  Others said that the Avar Avould  produce a tremendous intellectual renaiscence, that the giants  of Elizabethan days Avould be  overpowered /by the great poets,  dramatists, and novelists Avhose  genius the Avar would force into  sudden bloom. We have been  ������������������told that the Avar Avould bring  abo\it a revival of realistic fiction, of romantic drama, of highly spiritual poetry; Ave must have  been told that it Avould stop  people from reading any books  at all, and that it would make  people more passionately enthusiastic about reading than they  have ever been in the history of  the world.  Costly Editions Unpopular  Mr. George R. Doran, an eminent NeAv York publisher, has  given his vieAvs of the effect of.  war on the publishing business  and reading public of England.  "I Avouldn't say," said Mr. Doran,   "that the   war   is   actually  crippling the publishing business,  but it certainly is affecting it.  The English publishers are not  publishing as many books as they  Avould in times of peace, and they  are especially timid about publishing expensive books. The publication of 15-shilling art books,  those sumptuous confections that  used to be especially popular in  the holiday seasons, has stopped  entirely. Nearly all books of fiction that are published .are Ioav  priced; the expensive novels are  not published because it would  not be' worth Avhile to put them  on the market.  "Here is a very recent English book, a novel by Claude and  Alice Askew. Ordinarily that  book would cost 5 shillings; now  it sells for 2 shillings, and 2 shillings has become the usual price  for novels in England."  Pafeer Getting Scarce  "The situation really is very  serious." Mr. Doran took a cablegram from his desk. "Here is  a message that I have just received from England, asking for  1,000 tons of paper. Formerly  they did not need to apply to us  for Npaper; they had plenty of  paper cheaper than our own.  They had a very sasisfactory paper that was much lighter than.  Buy  Vancouver Real  Estate at these Prices  Ur i +['���������'���������  =NEVER AGAIN=  SUCH SACRIFICES  LOTS  Fourth Avenue Carline���������33 feet near Trutch St., formerly  held at $4,500,  for $1,600, on terms.  Kitsilano���������Two 33 ft. lots, cleared,  on llth Avenue,  for  merly held at  $1,200 each, for  $350  each.  Strathcona Heights���������50 ft. lot, magnificent view, on 25th  Avenue, held at $2,200, for $750, on terms.  Burnaby���������Fine high lot, near 17th Avenue and Laurel St.,  assessed  at  $300,  for $90.00.  Point Grey���������33 ft. lot on the hill near 22nd and' Dunbar  St., a great  buy at  $350.  Fairview���������50 ft. lot on llth Ave., near Pine Street. Cost  owner $3,300.   Sell for $900.  Point Grey���������33 ft. on 18th Ave. near Highbury Street, on  top of  the hill,  for  $300.  Point Grey���������70 by  122 ft.  on 21st Ave., near Crown  St.,  for $300.  South Vancouver���������A few Lots oh, 66th and 67th Avenue  for $70.00   each.  Burnaby���������122 by 122 ft., near corner Eiver Ave. and Gilley  ������������������^_.Avenue^on..the-hill,-fine���������view,-southern  exposure,"for -  $225.00.       ���������  X ..���������X   ' ACREAGE  Burnaby���������2.35 acres on Bumble Boad, on the sunny southern slope. Dirt cheap  at $1,150.  On terms.  Lulu Island���������4 acres at Garden City, cleared, richest of  soil. Cost owner $320 per acre 8 years ago. Sell the 4  acres for $700.00.  Langley���������5 Acres near Milner Station, has all been under  cultivation.   Cost $300 per acre.    The whole for $650.  Gibson's Landing���������10 Acres on the Government Boad, 3  miles from the Landing. Good land. Creek running  through, all  for $350.00. ���������       =    ���������  Burnaby���������4.24 Acres, with long frontage on the B. C. E.  B. near Jubilee Station. A grand property with a  great future, improved. $35,000 was one time refused  for this same property. Can be bought today for  $6,500.  Coquitlam-1���������20 Acres ol the very best soil, 21-2 miles  north. of Coquitlam City, half mile from school, light  clearing. Owner paid over $500 per acre as a subdi  vision proposition. Sell to-day for $100 per acre on  terms.  Burnaby���������1 3-4 acres at Central Park, very cheap at $1,500.  HOUSES  Poiut Grey���������On Wilson Boad carline, neat little 3-room  cottage, on lot 33.7 by 298.9 feet deep, all improved,  chicken house and runs. Formerly held at $3,300. Today  for   $1,350.  Fairview���������Quebec St., 5 room modern cottage, fireplace,  built in buffet, pannelled walls, etc., for $1,500 on  terms.  Kitsilano���������6-room modern house on lot 66 by 132 feet, with  fireplace, hardwood floors, furnace, bath and toilet separate,   former value was   $6,000.    Sell  for $3,150.  Fairview���������8 rooms, hardwood floors, hot water heat, all  fully modern, lot 50 ft. by 120, on 12th Avenue, near  Granville St.    Owner paid  $9,000. Sell for  $6,000.  Fairview���������7 rooms, hot water heat, hardwood floors, fireplace, full 50 ft. lot, on 10th Ave., the best part, a  $9,000 home for $5,500, including a $3,400 7 1-2 per cent,  mortgage.  Fairview���������8 rooms and one on the Srd floor, hot water  heat, garage, nice grounds, on llth Ave., near Yukon  Street. Formerly held at $10,000. Sell now for $6,000  on terms.  ALLAN BROS.  510 Pender St. West Phone Sey. 2873  Real Estate, Insurance and Mining  ours, bulky, and considerably  more to the pound. But the embargo on paper has very greatly  handicapped the British publishers.. And I have been told that  on account of the ' scarcity ���������" of  labor the cost of printing will  soon be enormously increased.  "In the early part of the  war," said Mr. Doran, "I maintained that the war was giving  Great Britain a literature and  taking one away from us. Our  newspapers are so much fuller  than the English newspapers that  the public over here was satisfied with the newspaper accounts  of the war. But in England  they wanted something more extensive, something in book form.  So there were hundreds of shilling books published dealing with  various phases of the war, such as  tlie 'Russians at War,' 'The Aeroplane in the War,' and all the  rest of them. In England sueh  books as these soon were in great  demand, and the demand for  them has steadily increased.  Authors  Doing Their Bit  "The authors, like every one  else in England, are doing more  than merely talking about the  war���������they are writing about the  war, thinking about the war, and  actually doing real war work-  doing their bit, as the saying is,  I do not think that there is a  prominent writer in England  who is not now being of some  real service to his country, in  some way, I mean, other than  writing patriotic or propagandist  literature.  "] do not know," said Mr.  Doran, "what the final effect of  the war will be, or whether or  not it will find its expression in  literature.  "But there is one thing to be  considered, and that is that millions of readers are being made.  The cheap editions of the novels are selling as they never sold  before. What is there to do for  many of the lonely women but  to sit at home by the fire and  read? And the soldiers in the  trenches, and the wounded soldiers at home and in the hospitals���������what can they do but  reaid? People are reading who  have never read before, and  those who read before are reading more extensively���������and more  intensively."  DUTY  ON APPLES  SHOULD  HELP  CONSUMER  GOOD RESULTING FROM  IRELAND'S LAND LAWS  In 1876, said Charles W. Holman,  at the National Conference on Marketing and Farm" Credit, lately held  at Chicago, one-half of Ireland was  owned -by- 700= persons. -In���������1906, as  a result of the land reform policy  inaugurated by Gladstone in the eighties, there were 172,548 owners to  422,796 tenants. In 1913 there were  401,819 owners and 206,255 tenants.  "With this change something else came  as well; farm buildings improved, the  solvency of occupiers became greater,  the "gombeen man" tended to disappear. As a further consequence  fear gave place to .contentment, law  and   order  were   better   observed.  Strange to say while tenancy has  been vastly reduced in Ireland it has  increased in the United States.  In the States of Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania tenant farmers haAre increased  by 121,167, ���������while the number of home-  owning farmers has actually decreased  by 62,9.15. Forty years ago Texas  had 65,468 tenant families. That number comprised 37.6 per eeut. of all  tlie farms in the State. In 1910 the  tenant farmers had increased to 219,-  571, which made 53 per cent, of all  the farms in the State. In the eighty-  two counties of the State where tenancy is highest, the tenantry number  sixty per cent, of the farm population. In Oklahoma 54.8 per cent, of  the State is in the hands of tenant  farmers, and in the forty-seven counties where tenantry is highest the percentage runs to 68.13. The twenty-  five most prosperous States of the Union���������the States that produce the  greater part of the cotton, corn, dairy,  wheat and the fruit stuffs of the nation���������there are 2,400,000 farm families who have not survived tlie competitive pressure for land ownership.  In these same States the concentration of laqd ownership is pregressing  at a speed that is no less than tragic.  In the southwestern States, the ratio  of tenant increase over the home-owning increase is two to one. In the  middle western States of Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, Ohio and Iowa the tenants are becoming more numerous than  home owners.  There seems to be a general  impression that tlte duty recently imposed on foreign fruit will  bring a considerable increase in  the prices. This is a wrong impression and not based upon a  thorough knowledge of the  case, according to Mr. Thomas  Abriel, president of the British  Columbia Fruit Growers' Association.  As evidence that no such condition would prevail as seemed to  be supposed, Mr. Abriel points to  the grape industry on the Niagara peninsula in Ontario. Before an import duty was imposed  upon American grapes, says Mr.  Abriel, the grapes used to come  into Canada from south of the  line and glut the market, thus  making conditions very unprofitable for the Canadian grower. As  soon as the duty was imposed  conditions for the Canadian  grower were made more equitable, and the result has been  that Canadians are now able to  sell grapes as low as $30 a ton,  something absolutely impossible  under the old conditions.  "The aim of the British Columbia grower is to get as close  to the consumer as possible. We  want to study the- consumer's  problems and we want the consumer to study ours. When you  help the producer you are going  to benefit the consumer, for inasmuch as the producer thrives  the consumer who produces articles for the purchaser and  whose prosperity largely depends  upon him, is also going to thrive,  Mr.  Abriel  says.  "Take the case of apples. Jt  was ridiculous to think that  British Columbia fruit growers  could continue to meet the American competition. According to  Professor Lewis, who made a  survey of a thousand orchards  in Washington and Oregon, it  costs $1.06 a box to produce ap  pies. Conditions in these states  are much the same as in British Columbia. Yet we find these  same apples being dumped on the  British Columbia market as low  as 90c a box. With an overproduction in the States of from  six to seven times, it either meant  placing a protective duty on apples or the British Columbia fruit  growers going out of business.  We grow enough apples in Canada to supply all the local trade,  and given fair conditions the result is ultimately going to be to  the benefit of the consumer.''  Have You a House to Rent?  We are having numerous enquiries for six and seven  room modern houses in the West End and Kitsilano. Our  Rental Department is at your service.  List your houses with us.     ���������  North West Trust Company, limited  509  RICHARDS   STBEET.  PHONE, SEY.   7467  at  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design. ���������  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED  1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from   5 per  cent,  to  7 per cent.  Kents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident,. Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Building 543 Hastings St.  West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stoQk of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUQOUSS, WAQONS, etc  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  NEW SCHEDULES OF  STREET  OAK SERVICE  F. J. BURSILL ADDRESSES  IRISH ASSOCIATION  The bi-monthly meeting of the  Irish Association was held at the  Eagle's Hall on Thursday, the  9th inst., Mr. A. F. R. Mackintosh, president, in the chair.  After routine business, Mr. Gardner reported that his report on  recruiting would have to be delayed as no reply had been received from Ottawa.  It was arranged to ask His  Honour Judge Grant to address  the Association on the 13th of  April.  Mr. F. J. Bursill then delivered a most intei'esting address  on the "Wit and Humour of Ireland.  The dance to be held at Lester  Court this evening promises to  be a huge success.  The proceedings then terminated with the singing of the National  Anthem.  Just Low  Talk  Somebody    ought   to   call   attention  to  the public-library sign,   "Only low  talk     is      permitted     here. "���������Boston  Globe.  "The thinker will  not drink,  drinker  cannot think.  The  "When hurry interferes with safety, cut out   the   hurry." ,  "It takes only a moment of carelessness to cause a lifetime of suffering.   .  "How did you get such a bruised  eye, Aastus?"  "Well, boss, I was out a-lookin'  for trouble, and dis yere eye was de  fust   to find   it.'"  Taking effect on Wednesday  last, a new schedule of cars on  B. C. Electric lines throughout  the city was inaugurated. In  explaining the improvements,  MX Murrjn, the general ^superintendent said:  "The new schedules have been  drawn up with .a view of ^ giving a service which can be run  on time, and at the same time  will provide as rapid a means of  travel as the conditions will permit of. It has also been arranged that the most frequent services occur just at those times  when the public are most in  need  of cars.  This service is an experimental  one, results of which will be  closely watched. Improvements  in service are made on practically all lines, and I would like the  public particularly to note that  after midnight in the place of  the 35-minute service now being  run on the Fairview Belt lines, a  10-minute service up to 1 o'clock in the morning will be run  on the Fairview inner line, and  a 15-minute service up to 1 o'clock on the Fairview outer line.  "At a heavy cost the experiment of.. increased service is being carried out, arid if it is  found that increased, travel can  at all justify this experiment it  .will be maintained. The cost  of operating cars is a subject to  which the general public naturally does not give much attention,  but perhaps it will indicate the  fact that improvements in service  mean additional expense to the  company when I state that these  charges represent an additional  out-of-poeket expenditure, without allowing any cost for power  consumed at all, of upwards of  $40,000 per annum, compared  with the service in operation  prior to March 15. It is not,  therefore, unreasonable to expect that additional travel should  result from these improved services which will make it possible ..__ to _..continue^ and,...pjerhapsL  still further improve in certain  directions."  The schedule in detail covering the districts served by the  CALL is as follows:  Davie���������Morning, increased service, from English Bay 8 to 9  o'clock; afternoon service increased by one car. Rush hour  service increased by three cars  and 4-minute service will be given to Fifty-second Avenue between 5 and 6 o'clock. .Service  to 8.30 o'clock increased by one  car.  Robson���������Afternoon, rush hour  proved and increased by one  car.  Fairview Inner ��������� Afternoon  rush hour service increased by  one car. Ten-minute owl service midnight to. 1 o'clock.  Fairview Outer ��������� Afternoon  and evening services, noon to  9.30 o'clock, increased by one  car. Fifteen-minute owl ser-  vice midnight to 1 o'clock.  Victoria Road and Joyce Road  ���������increased evening service until  8.45 o'clock instead of until 6.30  o 'clock as at present, for the convenience of down-town passengers. X,  "Do you make much money marrying eloping couples, squire?" the tobacco rdummer asked old Hudson  Hicks, Justice of the Peace at Rainbow, New   Jersey.  '' Yes. I get $2 for marying each  couple, and they come in sueh haste  that I alius fine 'em $10 more for  speedin'." Friday, March 17, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  3  Recruiting a Thousand a Day  Major General Sir Sam Hughes,  \i a recent interview, stated that  fanada was recruiting at the rate  a thousand men a day. He  flunks we have done our share  (find will keep on doing so to the  jinish. He says we have sent  125,000 men overseas up to the  fcresent, and have as many more  ready to send as fast as ships  Van be found to take them.  Transportation," says Sir  [Sam, "is the chief difficulty of  lour problem in Canada. Of the  125,000 who have gone to England, 60,000 are now in the  1 trenches and / doing splendid  work.  There are no better troops  than the Canadians in the war.  Our losses so far have been about  10,000.  Machinery for Recruiting  "The entire Dominion is divided into ten militia districts.  That is not a war measure, but  a part of our old. machinery for  recruiting that has been in force  for many years, and it has been  adequate in the emergency of  war. We had 75,000 men in our  regular militia before the war,  but the law prohibited the government from sending that body  of men, as such, out of the country, so we began theo organization  of the overseas expedition  ary force, and the regular militiamen, for the most part, went  from the stay-at-home troops  over into the new forces, giving  us an excellent nucleus for the  fighting organization. This plan  enabled us to equip and send  across the Atlantic 33,000 men in  six weeks after the war began.  Since then we have sent nearly  100,000 more."  War   in   Early   Stages  General Hughes shares the  opinion of the rest of official  Canada, as expressed by Sir  Robert Borden, the Prime Minister, and by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the opposition leader, that  the war is only in its early  stages, that England has been  obliged, to devote the first two  years of hostilities to getting  ready.  "This recruiting," he said, "is  going to continue until we have  defeated Germany and crushed  Prussia. There are in Canada  1,600,000 men of fighting age,  that is between 18 and 45���������and.  they will all go if they are needed."  A Democratic Army  '' What Canada is doing is raising a trained democratic army.  Both of the adjectives I have  just used, trained and democratic, are of the utmost importance  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS ?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged hy other dentists has  hitherto prevented you having your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTI.ST&VAST PRACTICE V?  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping Nwith the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low. . X  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer Painless  Dentist      COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.      Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  in understanding this situation.  Our strength, up to a million and  three-quarters of. men, if necessary, will be in a voluntary army  of citizens, every man trained in  modern methods of warfare. And  the lesson of all history is that  the democratic army/ after it  gets its bearings, always defeats  the standing army of professionals. One third of the army  that won the battle of Waterloo was made up of; farmers. We  have farmers,- fishermen, lumbermen, hunters, Indians, thousands of keen athletic young  fellows from the cities and big  student delegations from the universities���������all the elements needed for the army that wins.  Believes  in Voluntary Training  "That is the sort of. an army  that Canada and every other  country should always have i?o-  tentially, war or no war. .1 certainly do not believe in any  form of compulsory service, but  I do believe in universal, volun-  tary training for all boys and  young men by means of the cadet system in the schools. The  youngsters should begin to get  such training when they are 12  years old and keep it up till they  are 18. I would advocate this  if there were never to be another  war. It would make good men  out of the bad ones and better  men out of the good ones."  A Family of Soldiers  General Hughes' advocacy of  the democratic army and the  training of all the men of a nation for it is based on the knowledge of his own experiences and  the traditions of his family. His  great great grandfather, with two  sons, was killed at Waterloo, and  another son was wounded there.  His own son and two of his brothers are officers in the Canadian  army now in Europe, and his own  life has been a blend of literary  activities in times of,, peace and  of fighting whenever England pr  Canada has had any little trouble to attend to. For example,  he has been lecturer in English  Literature and History in Toronto Collegiate Institute and for  twelve years he was proprietor  and editor' of a newspaper. On  the other hand, he fought so well  in South Africa that he attained  high rank in the British Army,  and he has had various military  experiences in minor uprisings.  Then, to keep the balance between the civil and military  parts of his career, he has been  a member of the Canadian Parliament since 1892. In 1911 he  -became minister of militia in - Sir  Robert Borden's,cabinet.  its way into print about Belgium's plight, but Mme. de Wiart  has seen the sufferings of her  oountrymen at close range, and  the distressing spectacles presented to her in rapid succession  have left their imprint on her  mobile face, which lights with  enthusiasm as she speaks of her  brave soldiers, her splendidly  heroic Belgian women, and her  world-admired King.        ,     ,  There is much suffering, and  particularly is this so among the  Belgian refugees in England.  Since October, 1914, about ,30,000  soldiers have been taken to Eng  land. Of these 25,000 have re  turned to the front, but the  remaining 5,000 have lost, perhaps an eye, a leg* or an arm,  and cannot return. Neither can  they go home as civilians, for  they would be arrested, having  fought against Germany. So they  are compelled to live in England, a strange country, on the  two shillings a day allowed them  by the Belgian government. Accordingly, two committees have  been formed to see that these  soldiers have some of the small  comforts of life and that those  not entirely incapacitated for  work are supplied with light employment. Factories have been  started for making baskets and  toys, and these give work to  hundreds.     X  THE KAISER'S ROLE IN  THE TRAGEDY AT SARAJEVO  HOW ABOUT  ADVERTISING  m the TELEPHONE  DIRECTORY?  Did 3rou see that letter in the daily papers  from a satisfied advertiser in the telephone  directory.  He declared there was no other medium  like it, and has contracted for his space for  two years ahead.  If you advertise, consider the directory,  which gives you city and country circulation, in the home and the office���������in short,  it covers the whole Lower Mainland thoroughly and completely.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited  CONDITION   OF  BELGIANS IN ENGLAND  ''You have a Rembrandt. I  will take it," a German officer  will say; or, 'y������u have two horses, they are 5 years old and cost  so much. I will take them���������the  Kaiser's orders'; or, 'your daughter is under arrest, she will  come with me.'  "In this, high-handed, thoroughly efficient way was Belgium  sacked," said Mme. de Wiart,  with tragedy in- her eyes and in  the droop of her mouth and slender shoulders. "Such an amazing, an appalling, knowledge of  our most intimate affairs was  shown by those big, powerful  men! Every antique, every valuable painting, tapestry or bit of  furniture, silver, jewels, live  stock���������they knew all about it  and' everything was seized. We  were glad to escape alive, without murmuring a protest over  our vanished treasures."  Mme. de Wiart is the wife of  the Chevalier Edmond Carton de  Wiart, formerly Honorary Secretary to King Leopold of Belgium and now occupying the  same position under King Albert.  Knows Her Country's Wrongs  Much of. exaggerated rumor,  hearsay,  and surmise has found  MUCH light might be shed on the  tragedy of Sarajevo and on the  preparation of the European  war could it ever be known exactly  what passed at Konopisht amid the  Archduke's rose gardens during the  visit paid to him there by the German Emperor and Grand Admiral von  Tirpitz in June, 1914. We know  only the externals of those fateful  days. A correspondent, whose position and antecedents entitle . his  statements to careful examination, has  sent me a lengthy account, for the  accuracy of- which he vouches, of an  agreement which he alleges to have  been made between the Emperor and  the Archduke, at Konopisht. You will  remember that on July 1, 1900, the  Archduke Francis Ferdinand married,  at the castle of Reiehstadt in Bohemia, the Countess Sophie Chotek, a  member of an ancient Bohemian family who had been lady-in-waiting to  the Archduchess Isabella, wife of the  Archduke Frederick. The marriage  was preceded by a long and bitter  contest between the Archduke, the  Emperor Francis Joseph, and the  whole Austrian Imperial family. At  last the Archduke succeeded in extorting the indispensable consent of  the Emperor.  Conditions of the Marriage  The conditions on which the consent was given were, however, particularly humiliating for the Archduke  and his bride. Not only was the marriage to be morgantic, inasmuch as  the���������"Hapsburg family law recognizes  only marriages between parties of  equal rank, but the Archduke was  compelled to swear solemnly before  dignitaries of both halves of the nu  all: the other Archdukes and the  dignitaries of both halves of the Monarchy in the presence of the Emperor, that after succeeding to the  throne he would never attempt to  change the family law or seek to open  for his children the succession to the  throne. This solemn oath of renunciation was, by the Emperor'3 decision, submitted to the Austrian and  Hungarian Parliaments. The Austrian Parliament placed it formally  on record; the Hungarian Parliament  incorporated it in Hungarian constitutional law. This irrevocable act  always weighed upon the Archduke's  mind, and made the position of his  wife especially painful. As time went  on, and particularly after the birth of  his children, his resentment grew. He  made every effort to induce the Emperor to modify the terms of the renunciation and to raise the Countess  Chotek���������who, on her marriage had received the title of Princess Hohen-  berg���������to the rank of Archduchess.  Prayers, pressure, stormy scenes were  all in vain.  The  Archduke's Eevolt  The only concession that could be  wrung from the Emperor was the elevation of the Princess Hohenberg to  the rank of Duchess, and this was  only granted after the humiliations  daily inflicted upon her by the members of the Imperial Family had led  to an open breach between the Archduke and tlie Court. The German Emperor had for some years played upon  this psychological situation. Feeling  that the Duchess of Hohenberg would  be his future ally, he covered her  with attentions and courteous marks  of esteem. He was the first of the  great sovereigns of Europe to receive  her as an Archduchess, and though  her visit with the Archduke to Potsdam in November 1909 did not pass-  off without some minor hitches, it  prepared   the   ground   for   the   scheme  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  which was to be ratified at Konopisht. The German Emperor has always dreamed of extending the German Empire to the Adriatic and of  bringing the German provinces, of  Austria into the German Imperial  Confederation. What a triumph for  the secular efforts of the House of  Hohenzollern if Austria could be made  another Bavaria, and the proud. House  of Hapsburg be reduced to the position of the Wittelsbachs and- the  Wettins! Words adroitly whispered  into the ear of the Duchess of Hohenberg at Potsdam, prepared the mind  of the Archduke. They fomented, on  the one hand, his resentment towards  the Austrian Imperial Family and towards his eventual successor, Archduke Charles Francis Joseph, and on  the other they flattered his paternal  ambition.  , ,_,-._,_._.. .^To JProvpkXWar  At Konopisht the Kaiser opened to  the Archduke Francis Ferdinand a  magnificent horizon and spread out  before him a grandiose plan which  promised presently to place his sons  Maximilian and Ernest at the head  of two vast realms in Eastern and  Central Europe. The conception was  grandiose, but appeared nevertheless  not impracticable. Russia was to be  provoked to a war for which Germany and Austria were ready. France  was to be reduced to impotence by a  few vigorous strokes. The abstention  of England was considered certain.  The main object of the visit paid by  Francis Ferdinand and the Duchess  Hohenberg to Windsor in November,  1913, had been to establish friendly  personal relations with the Court at  St. James'. Thanks to the neutrality  ���������benevolent or otherwise, of England, victory was regarded as assured. Its result was to be the transformation of the map of Europe.  The ancient kingdom of Poland with  Lithuania and the Ukraine was to be  reconstituted���������the Poland of the Jagel-  lons, stretching from the Baltic to  the Black Sea. This was to be the  inheritance of Francis Ferdinand, and,  after his death, of his eldest son;  while for his younger son was reserved, under his father's direction, a  Tealm including Bohemia, Hungary,  most of the Southern Slav lands of  Austria, together with Serbia, the Slav  coast of the Eastern Adriatic and Salonika. Francis Ferdinand saw great  thrones prepared for his two sons, and  Sophia Chotek saw herself the mother  of kings.  The Arbiter of Europe  The Emperor William for his part  was to give back to the future Poland a part of the Duchy of Posen���������  and to indemnify himself by bringing German Austria with Trieste, under the Archduke Charles Francis  Joseph, into the German Empire. The  coveted outlet on the Adriatic would  thus have been acquired by Germany.  Between the enlarged German Empire,    the    reconstituted   king4_om.    or  Empire of Poland and the new Bo-  hemian-Hungarian-Soutliern Slav realm  a close and perpetual military and  economic alliance would become the  arbiter . of Europe and would command the Balkans and the route to  the East. Who would then have dared to resist had it pleased Berlin to  bring Holland and Belgium into the  great Confederated German Empire?  This was, in substance, the pact of  Konopisht. Its existence and its  terms were known to very few���������but  there is reason to believe the Austrian Imperial Family to have obtained knowledge of it, at any rate after the assassination of the Archduke. Within three weeks the tragedy of Sarajevo altered its personal features; but if the sons of Sophie Chotek no longer play a part in  it, and if the dream of a revived  JageUonian Poland has been abandoned, the Emperor"- William"regards-"  more than ever the question of Austria and the Hapsburgs from, its point  of view. He alwiiys discounts the  future and commands at Vienna. He  daily tightens the coils he has woven  round Austria, who is struggling not  only against her enemies but against  her more formidable ally. What wonder if Vienna is a prev to mortal anxiety, and if disquieted spirits are  asking already whether an Austro-  German defeat be not the sole chance  of saving the Hapshurgs and their  imperilled realms!���������Henry Wicksham  Steed in  "The Nineteenth Century."  Fighters Who See No Battle  During a sea fight the engine room  men tend the great engines of a battleship with all the care that they  would bestow upon the same delicate  yet mighty mechanism in time of  peace, roaming listlessly, yet with a  definite purpose, around the engine  room with oil cans in hand, bestowing drops of lubricant here and there  as required. Theirs and the stokers'  is almost���������not quite���������the hardest part  of the whole grim drama of a naval  battle, for they are absolutely cut off  from the fight, and are only cognizant of it by the quivering of the  ship as the great turrets o%-er their  heads fire or as the enemy's shells  thud against the armor or when some  stray shot finds its way through the  steel wall and the bunkers to the  boilers. Such an event blends a  whole stokehold in one frenzied orgy  of death���������death by exploding shell  and scattering fragments of steel;  death by awful wounds from flying,  burning coals, or death by scalding,  hissing, blinding steam as the water  tubes burst all around them.���������Tit-  Bits.  Nothing Like That  "Did you have quantum sufficit at  your dinner?" "Dear me, no! We've  got local option here. "���������Baltimore  American. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, March 17, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY  FRIDAY  By the  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  WHAT OF THE GERMAN  FLEET?  A. good deal of excitement and  speculation was raised last week  hy the announcement that the  German fleet had left their  home waters and ventured out  upon the North Sea. The whole  world stood expectant awaiting  news of a big engagement. But  once more the enemy have turned turtle, and demonstrated that  on sea, as well as on land, indi  vidual valor is not one of their  attributes. Quite evidently it is  only when they can advance  upon the allies in.serried ranks  that they are willing to take a  big chance.  After almost a year of inaction in the Kiel Canal and at  their various ports in the estuary of the Elbe, that redoubtable flotilla "did come out into  the open, but for a short time  only. They were out for an airing merely, a sort of holiday  cruise. They did not really  want to meet the British Grand  Fleet, however earnest their  protestations were for that pleasure. For, as soon as their Zeppelin scouts gave them word of  the movements of the British fleet  they scurried to shelter, that is  to say, they returned to their  ��������� base.  "When a relative comparison of  the British and German fleets is  made, it is hardly to be expected that the latter should be desirous of entering into a decisive  engagement    with .'the   former,  for;   the XBritish   dreadnought  strength today is almost double  that ot Gerniany, and in battle  cruisers,,   which   are practicallfy  dreadnoughts    of   higher   freeboard and greater speed, though  manned with   fewer   guns   than  battleships,    Britain's , power is  even more  than  twice as   great  as that of her foe.   The German  fleet,   therefore,   is   not anxious  to meet Britain's warships in an  open fight, since the odds must,  of necessity, be  overwhelmingly  against Germany.  What, then, is the object of the  German fleet? Not to come to  grips, certainly. No,^what they  ������ope to do is to play on the  keenness of the British- fighting  spirit and entice them into the  bight of Heligoland to suffer all  the disadvantages of an unknown battlefield . sown with  mines. The Germans may even  have some new tactics, after  the manner of their gas attack,  whieh they would like to try out  on their own ground. The  Dutch trawlers, who have had  an opportunity of observing the  German fleet at close quarters  declare that the latter have lately assumed a peculiar appearance. Those.having several funnels have their sternmost one  painted yellow, or covered with  yellow cloth, while the other  funnels are painted grey.  The yellow color suggests poisonous gases, which, on land,  were found so effective in staggering the foe. It may be that  the admiralty have decided to  adapt that ingenuity of the coward to naval warfare as well, and  the yellow funnel may be the distinguishing mark of the xessels  provided with apparatus for generating and emitting the deadly  gases. It would prove a highly  dangerous missile to officers and  sailors on pursuing ships, besides  which, being denser than the surrounding air, it might form a  cloud over the waters in which  to envelop the British ships.  The appearance of the German  fleet off the Dutch coast may  prove   to  be   of special   signifi  cance to Canadians. The vessel  Moewe, which did a great deal  of damage to British shipping  and then returned to Germany  through the Atlantic west of the  British Islands and Iceland, thus  avoiding the patrols between Iceland and the Orkneys. They may.  repeat this experiment and incidentally do a great deal of damage to future shipping.  Whatever their object, one  thing is sure. The Germans cannot overpower the British fleet.  Britannia rules and will rule the  waves.  PREJUDICE AGAINST HOMEMADE PRODUCTS  The Consumers' League of the  province of British Columbia  during the eighteen months of  its existence, has run up against  some discouraging and apparently insurmountable prejudice on  the part of the people, and especially has this been the ease  in Vancouver.  The primary principle of the  League is "buy your supplies from stocks of goods made  in this province, price and quality being equal." This is simply an extension of the idea implied in home cooking, home care,  home training, all of whieh are,  we well know, infinitely superior to what we get outside of  home.  The only possible objection  that can be made to B. C. manufactured goods is "the quality is lacking." If that is the  case, the remedy seems easy. The  maker of the goods is not in a  foreign country. He is right-  here and the^re is not a manufacturer in Vancouver today who  will not welcome suggestions as  to how he may remedy any possible deficiencies in quality.  The fact is, however, B. C.  products are not lacking in quality. Our butter, eggs, vegetables, fruits, etc*., are as good as  any imported^;    X  Why not take* things into; our  own hands and raise a mental  tariff against imported articles?  The mere fact that an article  was not made by a factory paying wages to our fellow citizens  shpuld condemn it. The article to buy is one that was made  by the man who brushes shoulders with you on the street, who  pays taxes to the same government you do, and who is down  on the voters' list with you.  eently fined $200 for misrepresenting its goods in a local advertisement. A dose or two of  the same medicine, judiciously  administered would undoubtedly  have a beneficial effect on some  of the merchants of our own  eity.  Two of the Canadian provinces  have enacted laws against the advertising liar. Many of. the  States have also taken this stand  and in some eases provide severe and summary punnshment  for  the  offence. \  What Vancouver needs, and  needs urgently right now is a  censor of the advertising inserted in the local papers, with power to prosecute the firms or individuals publishing such advertisements as cannot possibly be  lived up to in the best sense.-  To allow the publication of  advertisements that are designed and inserted purposely to gull  the public is simply encouraging  the worst form of commercial roguery and unfair competition.  MISLEADING  ADVERTISEMENTS  It is high time something was  done to bring to the atention of  the proper authorities in this city  the grossly misleading and deceiving advertisements appearing  from time to time in the papers  of Vancouver.  If we make perjury or false  pretence a criminal act, why is  it not equally criminal to use  the columns of a newspaper to  make claims or offers to the public that cannot posibly be fulfilled? It must appear manifest  that it is not the newspaper's  duty to censor the veracity of the  advertising appearing in its columns. We believe the newspa  pers .are doing all they can to  encourage truthful advertising, as  that is the only kind that can  bring lasting results or help  build up a business community.  But how is the public to be  protected against the dishonest  grocer who offers short-weight  cheese or butter at an attractively low price; or against the  shoedealer who sells below wholesale cost a line of shoes  on which he has paid duty ht a  ridiculously low figure; or a-  gainst the dealer who offers  shoes in odd sizes only, omitting  to state that fact in his advertisement ; or against the thousand  and one inventions of Ananias  and Baron Munchausen that allure the unknowing customer  daily through the advertising  columns of the press?  A retail firm doing business in  an eastern Canadian city was re-  To settle the trouble with Mexico, Uncle Sam might arrange a  debate between Bryan and Villa.  # *    *  In their anxiety over putting  an opposition in the legislature,  the people of British Columbia  need not overlook the necessity  of keeping a government there  as well.���������Montreal Daily Mail  # *   *  George McCutcheon's cartoon  entitled "Dangerous Citizens,"  leads off with "the man : who  thinks the States can lick -anyr  thing," That kind of citizen..^ <a  danger to any country.'       v i-  *.*..*. ....       . X!"''  Canada is now one of the few  nations of the world without ia  department of public health.  And Canada's severe winter  makes such a department more  than ordinarily necessary. i ,  Conditions for getting out ;a  big vote were particularly '��������� bad  in Manitoba on Monday, but the  size of the "dry" majority was  large enough to prove that a lot  of people were for once fonder  of principle than of personal,  comfort.  Since the question of a union  station on False Creek has been  given up by the Canadian Northern and Great Northern railway companies, there should now  be no cause for delay. The cit'y  should look to the two companies  to complete their separate stations and carry out every clause  of theXagreements" to^hexlettelr  # *   *,  All self-respecting citizens will  heartily commend the sentence of  two years in the penitentiary  passed by Judge Mclnnes on Saturday on the real estate broker  found guilty of uttering a forged  document and who impudently  offered to join the army in lieu  of punishment. Canada has not  come to recruiting criminals as  yet, and it would have been an  insult to all volunteers to have  allowed such a man to enter the  Canadian army.  ing oh ; the bill for three years *  Their endeavor is to avoid the  danger, of losing credit for the  richness of their cream, the present system leaving the test in  the hands of the various agencies  which purchase from the farmer.  The farmers ask that these institutions be ., licensed and that  each be compelled to employ an  expert Babcock tester, who shall  be responsible to the department  of agriculture for the accuracy  of his work. They also ask that  n penalty be imposed for any  fraud committed on the test  TORTURES OF  SERBIAN WOMEN  The report of weather conditions in Greater Vancouver for  the week ending Tuesday, March  14th, according to Weatherman  Shearman, is as follows:  Rain: 7.45   inches.  Total sunshine, 12 hours 54  minutes.  Highest temperature, 53 degrees on  March  10th.  Lowest temperature: 32 degrees on March 14.  WOULD LICENSE  ALL CREAMERIES  A proposal to license all creameries, shipping stations for milk,  condenseries, cheese factories,  etc, is contained in a bill which  the Provincial Dairymen's Association is bringing before the  agricultural committee of the legislature,  ii'       ���������  The dairymen have been work-  Canadian women who are sometimes tempted to complain of the  hardships caused by the war, can  fin_d cause for unlimited thankfulness by turning their eyes to  the women of Serbia and regarding thoughtfully the conditions  which they have faced since the  invader first set foot on their  little country. Driven from their  homes by the fear of an enemy  whose behaviour in Belgium  had struck terror to their hearts,  unprotected because every man  capable of bearing arms Avas fighting for his country, robbed of.  every earthly possession, these  women started on their journey  into Greece, and starving and  exhausted, thousands of them  fell dying by the roadside and  yet they were brave to the end.  It is doubtful if any spectacle  more pitiful is recorded in the  history of the world.. One of  the most graphic descriptions of  the flight into Greece is given  by a French engineer, who was  with them on their retreat. His  story is the unvarnished story  of the exodus of a brave people.  The government, he says, took  steps at first to regulate the exodus, ordering the priests to oppose the departure of their parishioners, and to detail the inhabitants necessary to keep the  village alive, but it was impossible to detain the women and  children who had witnessed the  first atrocities of the Bulgarians  and the crimes of the Austrians.  "It was between Krallevo and  Rashka that I came upon the first  caravans," he says. "Along the  muddy roads, torn up by torrents, parties of women, thirty  to forty at a time, marched with  set lips and grim demeanor. No  one to defend them���������all the men  were fighting���������except for each  party one old man with a gun  slung across his shoulder. Each  group possessed also a,horse, and  the old women and children were  hoisted on its back by turns. The  well-to-do sat in carts drawn by  oxen There were the first stages,  when all went fairly well and  none fell by the way.  "But before reaching Raska, a  little village of. 800 inhabitants  in the mountains, we had to get  down from our motor car in order  not to pass over the poor bodies  lying along the road in the mud.  They were there by hundreds,  huddled side by side. It was like  the dead on a battlefield.  "After Rashka it became more  and more difficult for the Avomen  and children to find even maize  bread. But you never heard the  least complaint. Old and young  struggled against their hunger,  but the little ones Avould cry.  Then the mothers Avould sing a  song and try to send them to  sleep. At times a A\-oman's cry  rang through the air���������a shadoAV  fell into a ditch���������a mother Avith  her dead child. ,i  "At other times-an old Avoman  would leave her group silently.  If her daughters or companions  followed her,, to trj' and cheer  her up it Avas in A-ain. She Avould  refuse all assistance���������proud, obstinate, determined to die Avhere  she had fallen. Who could count  the corpses along those mountain  roads?  "You came across lighted fires  every 500 yards and around them  were shivering Avomen and children.   They   slept  on   the   bare  ground. There were no means of  satisfying the horrible pangs of  hunger.  "The" first question of the poor  women, half-dead Avith hunger  and exhaustion, on entering a  village Avas: 'Where are our  men?' and if they learned of successes many returned home. Others would plod on, muttering;  'There is a God, there is a God.'  GERMANY'S "NEW"  SUBMARINE CAMPAIGN  The practical results of the  German memorandum will, we  imagine, be almost nothing, for  the simple reason that Germany  has long since fulfilled, wherever and whenever she has. had  the chance, the Avorst of th--*-  threats Avhich she noAV p'Ms in:.  v ore's. She has been sinlrn:.? A:  I ied merchantmen at sight for the  last year, and liners since last  May, if not before. She has not  troubled herself to visit them or  even to summon them, or shoAved  the slightest concern as to whether they carried neutrals or  not. She has displayed great industry in inventing excuses af-  terwards, but they have been false  and stupid excuses Avhich have  quite failed to deceive "those  idiotic Yankees" She cannot do  worse than she has habitually  done, and it has been clear to all  who have studied her methods in  Belgium, Poland and Serbia, that  nothing but fear will induce her  to do better. She Avill go on demonstrating to -a not inattentive  world what kind of freedom the  seas would enjoy did she manage to "grasp the trident." We  shall go on asserting our laAvful  rights, and developing the recognized principles of humanity  and of international law so as  to adapt them to new conditions���������-London Times.  IRISH ASSOCIATION'S  ANNUAL DANCI  v I  The Irish Association of British  Columbia has completed the arl  rangements for their annual StJ  Patrick's Day dance to be held a{  Lester Court this evening. Dane]  ing commences at 9 o 'clock Avitf  the grand march. Mr. Weaver!  has eclipsed his previous record,  in compiling a special selectiorj  of dance music for the occasion!  The officers of the'different units  in and around Vancouver have  signified their intention of being present; also the leading  members of kindred societies. Mr J  Mclntyre is the caterer. In the!  event of the committee or the  members having overlooked any  of their friends, the association  cordially invites them to attend  and join in celebrating the memory of Ireland's patron saint.  WHAT ROOSEVELT  WOULD HAVE DONE  An intimate and constant "adviser of Colonel Roosevelt narrates a conversation Avith his  chief. The Colonel had been  talking as usUal against the President and fora "vigorous" policy.  Friend ��������� "What would- you  have done after the Lusitania  Avas sunk, declared Avar?"  T. R.���������"I should not have declared Avar, but I should have  seized the interned German ships  and used them to" transport munitions to  the  allies."  Friend���������"What would you  have done AArhen the Arabic Avent  down?"     \  T. R.���������"In the face of so firm  a stand the Arabic never Avould  have gone doAvn."  Friend���������"But suppose it had?'-  T. R.���������"In that case I should  have declared war.''���������Harper's  Weekly.  TROUT FISHING  AT VEDDER RIVER  TAKE THE & C. ELECTRIC TO YARROW  OR WOODRUFF STATIONS ON  FRASER VALLEY LINE  Now is the time of the year to fish for steelheads  in tidal waters for in a toeek or two they Begin to  get out of condition.  Pack up that kit now, ready for the opening of the  cut-throat and rainbow trout'season on March 25.  Trains leave Carrall Street daily at 8.30 a. m.,  12.50 p.m., and 4.10 p.m.  Carrall & Hastings Sts.        Phone Seymour S000  Compare Royal Standard  With Any Flour You  Have Ever Used  Observe its great rising strength���������hoAV easy  it is to work Avith���������note the big clean, wholesome  loaA^es it bakes���������tasty, snoAV-Avhite bread.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  is made from the pick of Canada's golden wheat  harvest, is milled by the most modern processes  knoAvn to science, is thoroughly tested before  leaving the mill for its baking properties, and  comes to you PURE. WHOLESOME,' CLEAN.  Ask your grocer to deliver ROYAL STANDARD.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NEW WESTMINSTER,  NANAIMO Friday, March 17, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PLEA  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES  IN MOUNT  PLEASANT as any  where in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We know this -WE'VE TRIED IT OUT. You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial. \  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  you right if you tfuy from them.  You would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MONEY."  PHONE FAIRMONT 74  for the  very  best  quality  MEATS and GROCERIES  L. R. Wilson & Son  232 Broadway West  GAINING & CO.  Importers and Dealers in Dry Ooods,  Silks, Chairs,  Etc.  FINE TAILORS  Order your Spring Suit NOW. Prices  reasonable. New goods to select from.  2317 Main St. Phone Fair. 1197  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  THE BEST  25c MEAL  In  Mt.  Pleasant can be had  at the  BRIDGE CAFE  2220   Cambie   St.   South  Open 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.  CALL UP FAIR. 2526  if   you want   your  Lawn Mower Sharpened  Eight.   We   call  for   and   deliver.  Vancouver Hollow Grinding  Company  240 Broadway West  Our  Summer Patterns of  FBINTS, GINGHAMS   and   CREPES  are the   very   best in the   market  Prices  Seasonable  R. MOORE  Dry   Ooods   and   Gents'   Furnishings  2211-2215  Gamble  St.    South  BASHALLA  Ceylon Tea 40c  (as good as Lipton's best)  B. A. SHATFORD  Pure  Food  Grocer  254   B'way West.      Pair.   1276  SATURDAY    SPECIALS  1 lb. Royal Household Tea, value '40c  1 lb.  Sliced Bacon, value  40c  1 lb. Fresh Churned Butter, value 40c  $1.20  Saturday only $1.00  The Produce Store  758 Broadway East. Phone Fair. 2117  VOILES and SILKS for SUMMER DRESSES ��������� VOILE and.  SILK BLOUSES���������EXTREMELY  REASONABLE PRICES AT  Acme Millinery & Dry Goods  Store  670 Broadway East  LOWELL  AND  BEECHER  A writer who gives "London Recollections of Lowell" to the current  issue of Harper's says that Lowell  "was the least censorious and the  least vindictive of men. It was very  rare to hear him speak ill of anybody. * * * The only person of  whom I remember to have heard  him apeak with any degree of asperity was Rev. Henry Ward Beecher  and his complaint against him was  on the score j of refinement. He said  that upon one occasion he had been  seated next to Beecher at the lat-  :.ter^s,.4)axticnlaE^^  derstand that Lowell might not have  liked him. Beecher was a very  powerful person, quite overwhelming indeed, and might easily have  offended the amour propre of Lowell."  Hegel, the German philosopher, once  said and it was a great saying, that  the real tragedy of the world was  not the conflict between right and  error, but the. conflict between right  and right; and we have sometimes  thought that the most unfortunate aspect of this tragedy was the intense  dislike which two men equally good  may entertain for each other. Now,  we do not know that Beecher did entertain any for Lowell, but usually  when two men meet, if one feels ill-  disposed towards the other, the other  feels equally ill-disposed towards him.  Henry Ward Beecher and James Russell Lowell were both good men;  both X:ought for the jame causes;  both deserved well of their fellows,  yet it appears that they were not  personally  harmonious.  Lowell and Beecher were both Yankees, but it is probable that the latter had the larger number of red  corpuscles. The '' refinement'' of  Boston was born out of a.partial  anaemia, and Lowell possessed this  " refinement" in large measure. Probably Thoreau was not to his liking,  and we know that Walt Whitman was  not, although, when editor of The  Atlantic, he did ' accept an article  from the one and a poem from the  other. Emerson had this " refinement,'' too, but he did not prize it  highly, but. somewh.it despised it rather; and above all he did not coddle,  this quality in himself, as one fears  that Lowell may have done. He  could appreciate better than Lowell  the roughnecks of the world. In a  camp in the Adirondacks, and among  the farmers of Concord, he endeavored to be companionable, and one  who saw him on a European voyage  observed that he spoke to everybody  on the steamer.  Beecher, too, had a fondness for  the humble, and he embraced the outcast. He was one of the first to  greet Walt Whitman when the storm  of obloquy broke upon the man, and  he never failed in all the subsequent  years to look him up when he found  himself in Whitman's neighborhood.  .When he heard that Herbert Spencer  was in financial difficulties, he, dnd  President McCosh, of Princeton, rais-  ������������������ ed over $7,000 to assist him, and that  at a time when Spencer's vogue wos  not what it was destined later to become.  We have observed that the fastidious, among whom Lowell must be  placed, often shrink from strong personalities of whoom Beecher was one,  although the latter do not shrink  from them. In this connection we  may relate an anecdote, on the authority of Dr. Bartol, who succeeded  Lowell's father as the pastor of the  West    Church    (Unitarian),    of   Bos  ton. There had been some theological controversy between Dr. Bartol and the famous Methodist divine,  "Father" Taylor, and "Father" Taylor had declared ^vehemently from  his pulpit that the cold Unitarian  gospel of the West Church had never  saved a sinner and had no power to  save one. But meeting Dr. Bartol  on the street, soon afterwards, he  impulsively embraced the Unitarian  divine, kissed him several times, and  declared that, in his aober senses, he  was sorry that he had spoken so  bitterly against the theology of a  man whom he so highly esteemed. It  only remains to be added that the  finest "tribute, paid to "Father" Taylor, after his demise, was the essay  that Dr. Bartol wrote upon him. But  then. Dr. Bartol, like "Father" Taylor himself, was a strong personality.  ���������From   The Rochester   Herald.  KINO PETER OF SERBIA  ABOUT K- OF K.  "K.      of      K."  chuckles   when   he  doubtless still  recalls the occasion of a visit to India of the Ameer  of Afghanistan. The order went  round that all military bands were to  greet him with the Afghan national  anthem. The only drawback was  that no one had heard of an Afghan national anthem, and Lord Kitchener was appealed to. "What does  it matter two straws?" he said.  "Play a bar or two of something  slow and pompous and let it go at  that." So the first band that greeted  the Ameer played a march from one of  the"popular"oper^'very sldWly'atid'soU  emnly, and this was generally taken  up by the whole of the bands in India.  Not a Ladies' Man  There is a great deal of truth in  the statement that Kitchener is not  a ladies' man. He considers that  women are apt to take up too much  of a soldier's time. Some time ago,  in Calcutta, he sent for sari officer  and told him he wanted him to go to  Bombay to do some hard work for  three months or so. "How soon can  you be ready?' he asked. "Oh, in  about a week. I will ask my wife  to start packing at once," said the  officer. "Oh, she is not going with  you," retorted Kitchener. "I said  I wanted you to do some hard work,  you   know."  "K. of K." is not popular with the  ladies. His taciturnity is against this.  In Cairo, for instance, after the At-  hara campaign, he met an English  countess who expected folk to pay  her court. When introduced to her,  Kitchener sat awkwardly a moment,  tugging his moustache. Then he ask-  eded,   "Do  you   like   Cairo?"   Lady   ,   wishing   to please the   hero,  rattled on about her employments.  Another dreary pause and then he  said, "I am glad of that." That  Was all. "I never met a man so  stupid," his companion afterwards  complained."  Sarcastic!  The best Kitchener stories, however, are those told of his tours of inspection. Quite a gem in its way is  story of a certain commanding officer who was putting his troops  through a series of manoeuvres before Lord Kitchener. Somehow or  other, he managed to get his men  thoroughly mixed up. In the end,  however, the C. O. bobbed up to 'K.  of K." remarked: "There, sir; I  flatter myself that that was extremely well done." "Oh, excellently, excellently!" was the suave reply.  "May I ask what on earth you were  trying to  do?"  When Peter became the ruler off  Serbia he was viewed more than askance by several European governments, and, as the beneficiary of some  particularly atrocious murders, recognition was refused to him. It had to  be given at last, however, and no connection between himself and the murders was ever established. Since then,  until recently, not much had been  heard of Peter, whence one could safe-,  ly enough conclude that his rule, was  at least fairly good, and his behaviour  since the attack on his little country  began has been that of a patriot aid  hero.   ...-' ��������� '���������'.-��������� '-. "���������=���������'������������������, X-'-' ��������� ' ��������� r  Of actual fighting or of actual inili-  tary leadership Peter is too old to  have done much, but he has shared  the hardships of his subjects as Kings,  even the most unfortunate, rarely ,��������� do,  and now, in what to most would be  hopeless exile, he retains his courage  and his hope. Perhaps nothing in all  his career has better become him, or  justified a higher estimate of his  character, than did the statement,  made by him to a representative of  The Associated Press that was print-;  ed recently.  Rarely indeed has a man in his  position spoken with such restraint  and moderation, either of ..-jbhe enemies who treated himself and his people with savage brutality, or of the  allies who deserted him altogether or  came to his rescut too late. He avoided completely the always tiresome, and  usually obnoxious, atitude of the man  .with, a grievance. Even .toward Greece  he expressed no bitterness, and France  and England he credited with hav^  ing done what they could in the con  ditions .governing their actions. For  the American doctors and nurses who  risked health and lost life for the  Serbians his praise was eloquent and  sincere. His references to his peasant grandfather were at once proud  and frank, and if his description of  the Serbians as a people loving liberty well enough to die for it was in  somewhat lyrical strain, the course of  events has gone far toward confirming  its  accuracy.  Thus seen, King Peter can hardly be  called a   pathetic   figure;   he   has   too  much   of   nobility and   dignity   to   be  pitied.    Admiration    and   respect    are  at lief the   emotions lie excites.  LOOK AT THESE SHOE PRICES  Children's Kid Boots, lace or button, sizes 2 to 7, at  75c  Children's Patent Strap Shoes. Reg. $1.25. Sizes 2 to 5 90c  Children's Patent Strap Shoes, 5i/_ to 10.   Reg. $1.50 for $1.00  Ladies' Patent or Black Velvet Pump.   Special  $1.35  10 Per Cent. Discount off all Classic. Shoes for Women and Children.  We are agents for the celebrated Hurlburt Cushion Sole Welted  , Shoes, for Children. .  SHOP  ON  THE  HILL  AND  SAVE   MONEY  WOOD & SON  2313 Main Street. Two Doors from P. Burns' Market  WESTERN CALL ADS. BRING RESULTS.   TRY ONE.  HA T ������  TRIMMED or UNTRIMMED  It's to your advantage to visit  this store. We specialize in remodelling.  Miss McLenaghen  2410 Main Street  Biscuits  at Pike's  are crisp and fresh.  518 BROADWAY E. (Next Dairy)  Phone Fairmont 1367  " "There is not a chapter of the  IJoly Scriptures "that has not been mutilated in the last fifty years. 'The  Encyclism Against the Errors of Modernism' condemned the German errors' regarding the person of Christ  'and-.the errors of the false rationalistic ^philosophy that was, developed  in Germany. ' This was styled another  'evidence of reactionary Rome and a  relic of' Roman mediaevalism. You  are now, trying to carry out by methods of the utmost extremity the things  that Pius X. called attention to ten  years ago.  "There has been a swinging of the  pendulum from the marked individualism of tlie period following the  French revolution to a state where  jbjie individual is lost sight of. There  appears to be a mania for regulating all human conduct by statute."  ; Commenting on the struggle in.  Europe, the speaker said it involved  the right to live as people ought to  live. The battle looked doubtful, he  declared, but only *������ those of little  faith. In tracing the historical  movement in which the struggle for  liberty was involved, Bishop Fallon  said that" the~ same principle was" at  .stake today.  , "These things are as sacred and  as essential to human happiness as  ,the issues decided at Runnymede in  1215," he declared. At that time the  contest was restricted to England and  the countries that were influenced by  her civilization, while today the  whole world, civilized and uncivilized, is affected. This contest against  what is called German kultur began  in 1370, and the first victims were  the Catholics   of   Germany.  Don't  Experiment  With New  Chick Feeds  DIAMOND CHICK FEED has heen  tried for years and produces fine  healthy  chicks.   Made   and .sold   by  VERNON FEED CO.  Fair.  186 and Fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South Vancouver, 49th Ave. & Fraser  Phone  Fraser  175  Collingwood,   280   Joyce  Street  Phone:   Collingwood   153  DON'T MISS  THE ANNUAL  CHOIR CONCERT  to be given in the  Mount Pleasant Methodist  Church  ON TUESDAYJTCXT, M^. 2l8t*  Admission���������25 Cents.  Doors open at 7.15.   Commence at  8.00 prompt.  Musical Event of the Season  See   Programme  POPE PIUS X.  SOUNDED WARNING  ONE OF THE TRAGEDIES  "Is it not true that we of Great  Britain, of Canada and of the United  .States have been on our knees in admiration of German kultur?" asked  Rt. He v. Bishop Fallon in a recent  address to the Empire Club in Toronto. Talcing as his subject, "The  Charter of Liberty," the speaker  traced the evolution of ideals from,  the time of the Magna Charta until  the present day. "Is it a wonder  that Germans became conceited when  the Anglo-Saxon world fell down in  adulation before their 'kultur,' when  professors of the United States aud  Great Britain and our own soJisnwere  sent -by money out of our public  treasuries to get their fill of this  Teutonic learning? The cry of 'Danger' was raised by the man who sat  in the chair of St. Peter in the Vatican. Some of the epithets applied  to Christ by German scholars wei'e  'fakir,' 'lunatic,' 'myth,' and 'a  passing influence that   is a   mirage.' '���������'  Referring to state activities the  speaker said he feared an orgy of  collectivism    after    the    war.  One of the great tragedies of the  war is the sacrifice of the lives of so  many young Englishmen of brilliant  scientific attainments who have given  up study and the laboratory for the  field, says the New York Herald.  This point came out with particular  emphasis in a talk a correspondent had  at the London University with Professor W. H. Bragg, to whom has been  awarded, jointly with his son, Lieutenant W. L. Bragg, the Nobel physics  prize for research in crystals and X-  rays.  Lieutenant Bragg is at the Flanders front, attached to the Royal  Horse ��������� Artillery, where his scientific  abilities are being applied in the direction of gunnery. He is one of the  cleverest of young English scientists,  but he, like many another of his  class, could not resist the call to  arms. Before the call came, however, he was in the midst of a problem the partial "solving of which is  more romantic  than a romance.  It began with certain discoveries  in the mysteries of the formation of  crystals made by a brilliant German���������  Professor Lave. He developed the  theory that an X-ray is a phenomenon  similar to a ray of light, but pro-  ducted by wave lengths many times  smaller than the inconceivably small  waves which are associated with light.  "My  son saw a" simple way of  put-  FACTS SHOWING POWER OF 42-OENtlMETRE MORTAR  The following are detailed facts relative to the famous German  42-centimetre (16.5 inch) howitzer, used by the Huns to batter the  forts   at   Verdun and   which   so   far   have failed:  Weight of the gun proper '. 97 4-5 tons  Weight   of   the   platform    C. 411-4 tons  Length of  the barrel    16 ft. 5 in.  Weight   of the   shell 885 pounds  Length of the   shell 4 ft. 2 in.  Number of parts in the  gun   172  Railroad cars needed to transport it 12  Foundation must  be  sunk to  a  deptii   of ^.26 feet  Liege was shelled  from, a distance of   14 miles  Casualties   caused   by  first   shot    1,700  Casualties   caused  by   second   shot. 2,300  Namur and   Maubeuge   held out   each, 2 shots  Fort   Speer, Huy,   held   out  1 shot  Putting  up  gun takes 2o-2G hours  Adjustment of range  by  other guns  lasted 6 hours  Gun    discharged  from    a    distance   of   SOO yards  All  windows  broken within  radius  of  2 1-2 miles  Each  shot  costs ��������� $2,G1S  To   serve the   gun   it   takes 200 men  The gun crew proper wear protectors over their mouths, eyes and  ears and lie on their stomachs to keep from being injured by the  shock of the discharge.  The entire gun emplacement is mined and the engineer in charge is  sworn to blow up.the gun if it is any danger of capture.  ting it," said tlie Professor. "Together we set to work on the problem, and hit upon a happy inspiration,  which opened the way to all manner  of experiments. Out of'this we obtained the knowledge how the atoms  in a crystal, are arranged, and to our  astonishment it upset all the old  ideas of crystallography and many  other ideas as well. In this work  Mr. Henry Gwynn .TefYorys Moseley  (son- of the late, Professor A. X. M.  Moseley). of Oxford, rendered magnificent assistance.  "Starting from a certain part of  Lave's researches into the diffraction of X-rays in their passage  through  crystals, Mr.   Moseley  carried  on further with amazing results, and  between us���������Mr. Moseley, my sou and  myself���������we polished up the rough  diamond of Professor Lave (who himself got the Nobel physics prize in  1014) and opened up vistas the significance of which, to my mind, is  inconceivable. Standing as I do on  the throshopl of this wonderland, I  can  only gasp with  amazement.  "And,*' continued the Professor,  with a sigh, "in the midst of this, to  our great sadness, young Moseley. on  the crest of the'wave which his brilliance has done so much to raise, has  been killed by a sniper's bullet in  Gallipoli." THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, ;March 17, 1916.  It will be the aim of the Editor, of this department to furnish the women readers of the  "WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will Avelcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if received not later than Monday of each week.  SOME   USEFUL   LENTEN  RECIPES  During the Lenten season many housewives  will be" glad to serve fish once or twice a week,  both as an agreeable and economical change in  diet and also as a release from the more complicated meat cookery so necessary in winter.  A few practical fish recipes are given below:  Halibut Cutlets  Cut your halibut steaks an inch thick, wipe  them with a dry cloth and season with salt and  cayenne pepper. Have ready a pan of yolk  of eggs well beaten and a dish of grated breadcrumbs. Put some fresh lard or beef drippings  in a frying-pan and hold it over the fire till it  boils. Dip your cutlets in the egg, and then in  the bread-crumbs. Pry a light brown; serve up  hot. Salmon or any large fish may be fried in  the same manner.  Scalloped Halibut  Shred one cupful of cold boiled halibut; pour  in the food pan one and one-half cups milk and  let come to a boil; add butter size of an egg,  salt and pepper, then the crumbs of four crackers, add lastly the halibut; let it cook five minutes, then add two hard-boiled eggs chopped  fine, and serve on a hot platter with bits of buttered toast.  Fried Fresh Herring  Prepare as above, namely, empty the herring,  take off the heads, scrape the scales off and  wipe? them quite clean; then split them open  from the, back and lay them flat. Dust over  the ia a  little ^pepper  and salt.,  Have a clean frying-pan, quite hot; place the  herring in it, the skin next the pan, and fry  them for five minutes; then fry the other side  about the same time. Fry the skin side first.  Good herring need no dripping, as they contain  sufficient oil in themselves to fry in.  Boiled Salmon  A piece weighing six pounds should be rubbed with salt, tied carefully in a cloth, and boil-,  ed slowly for three-quarters of an hour. It  should be eaten with egg or caper sauce. If  any remain after dinner it may be placed in a  deep dish, a little salt1 sprinkled over, and a tea-  cupful of boiling vinegar poured otrer it. Cover  it closelv and it will make a nice breakfast dish.  Salmon and Rice  Form freshly boiled rice into flat cakes,  brown slightly in butter on both sides and place  on a warmed platter. Warm a can of salmon  and dip over the rice. Over this pour a white  sauce into which has been stirred the whites of  two hard-boiled eggs cut in dice. Garnish with  the yolks cut into slices.  Salmon Salad  Flake one can of sdmoh fine, one cup of cabbage cut fine, one cup of celery cut fine, sprinkle  a pinch of salt, dash of paprika; mix lightly and  chill them. Mix with mayonnaise dressing.  Serve on lettuce leaves.  Salmon Salad  One large can of red salmon, one cup ehop7  ped celery, one cup chopped English walnuts,  four or five sweet pickles (gherkins). Mix well  with cream mayonnaise.  Baked Haddock  Clean a four-pound haddock. Sprinkle with  salt inside and stuff and sew. Cut gashes' on  each side ol backbone and insert narrow strips  of salt pork. Place on a greased fish sheet or  something to raise it from the bottom. Sprinkle  with salt and pepper, dredge* with flour, and  place around fish small pieces of salt pork.  Bake one hour in a hot oven.  ./Fr.  =5v  PRACTICAL BEAUTY SECRETS  THIS series of short practical talks on the scientific care of the complexion, hair and eyes was begun  in  the WESTERN  CALL   on  February 25th, and will be continued from week to  week in these  'columns.  Headers having any suggestions to offer or inquiries   co   make   are   invited to   send  them   in not  later  than Monday of each week to insure attention.���������The  Editor.  Massage  If properly employed massage is very helpful  in warding off the coming of lines and wrinkles  in the face, and in lessening the depth and number of those already existing. But much of the  massage treatment given in beauty parlors bis  really injurious to the face. Especially is this,  the case with the suction treatment. This  stretches the skin in an alarming manner. The'  electric treatment is different and it can be taken  once a week with good results, as it stimulates  facial circulation without stretching the tissues  of the face. Hot and cold water treatments  are also very good, and can be taken without  the services of a professional. Here" is a good  treatment to take weekly in your own home.  Apply a cleansing face cream to the face, rubbing  Jl^iLifiM thepores.jindrem^^  on the surface with a soft face cloth. Then  spray the face with very warm water for about  five minutes. Cover the face with a Turkish  towel wrung out in hot water and allow it to remain on the face about five minutes longer. Then,.  while the face is still warm, rub in more cream  and cover with a cloth dipped in ice cold water.  Let this remain about five minutes, then dry the  face with a soft towel, and dust lightly with rice  powder.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Purpose of Massage  The chief purpose of massage is to induce  better circulation and the hot and cold water  treatment will be found' to answer this purpose  well. In any case a good skin food can be massaged into the face occasionally with great benefit. The motion in massaging the face should  always be in the opposite from which the wrinkles run. The neck should always be massaged  with a gentle rotary motion. In addition to  massage at bedtime, a few minutes of complete  relaxation of mind just before dropping off to  sleep will be found to be decidedly beneficial.  One of the best treatments for rounding out  a thin neck is to give the neck a warm and cold  water douse. Just a touch of the warn* water  and a thorough douse with icy cold water kept  up for at least fifteen minutes���������this brings the  circulation to the neck and is very effective. A  gentle massage with a good skin food like cocoa  butter or cocoanut oil will also be very helpful.  Proper exercise of the muscles 'of the neck for  twenty minutes a day is to be recommended.  When the neck or face is too thin, it needs  filling   out���������the tissues need   food.  The Beauty Dietary  As regards diet much can be said ��������� in favor  of both a vegetable and an animal diet. However, the gist of" the best medical opinion of today is in favor of a mixed diet���������animal and  vegetable���������for the great average of the human  race. Each of us, though, must answer  this question according to his or her own requirements. There is no doubt that meat is  not   really  necessary  to   sustain   our  fund   of  energy���������mental or physical���������pr even our animal  heat. Indeed, where mental labor is concerned, the constant use of meat is a real detriment  and not a help. But considering the fact that  our race has been nourished on animal foods  f-or centuries, it does not seem wise to break  away too quickly. * Meats give us muscle forming foods ineasily digestible form, although with  this muscle building element goes a deposit of  uric acid which exists freely ill all red meats,  and which is the greatest known cause of rheumatism. The use of fish, eggs, cheese and white  "meatsfowl and game���������if not carried too far,  and if accompanied by a free use of juicy veger  tables, cannot very well be condemned, although  the use3 of meats certainly tends to coarsen a  delicate skin, while the use of milk foods, grains,  nuts and vegetables tends to soften and refine  the humanskih^audCarries "its r^firiementTt(Tthe"  mind as  well.  The greatest objection to a strictly vegetarian diet is that;people are apt to think that vege-  terianism consists of only milk, bread, butter  and vegetables. A diet'of this kind will, of  course, give only improper and insufficient nourishment to the body, and will, if. carried too  far\ often produce a. scurvy of the skin and  scalp. But the numerous milk foods that may  be had nowadays, as well as nuts and nut foods,  grain foods, eggs, fruits and vegetables, give  the. vegetarian a real variety of diet unequalled  by the strictly meat eater.  Food Requirements  Nourishing foods must be taken in any case,  as without them the complexion can never be  rosy and brilliant.  For the guidance of those who may wish to  adopt a more vegetarian diet, but who do not  understand the proper selection of such foods,  the following sample menus are given. They  represent a real dietary of an actual nervous  patient, taken for a period of three months at  home and> producing, in conjunction with bath  treatments and exercise, a gain of twenty-eight  pounds in weight and a remarkable gain in  nervous, tone and muscular strength. Here are  the menus of a sample day, and they serve to  show the great variety of diet a vegetarian may  have:  Breakfast  Grapefruit, served chilled with powdered sugar,, generous bowl of. toasted corn flakes and  dairy cream (flakes,warmed in oven), dry brown  bread toast and two poached eggs,/ small dish  of steamed French prunes.  Lunch  Cream of Tomato soup, with dry toast croutons, brown bread and cream cheese sandwiches,  plate of vegetable salad, glass of warm dairy  milk.  Dinner  Vegetable soup. Baked beans with tomato  sauce; baked potato, nut and celery salad, dates  in   whipped   cream.   Cereal, coffee.  SHAKESPEARE'S  TERCENTENARY  The Vancouver Shakespeare  Tercentenary Committee has now  practically completed arrangements for the celebration in Vancouver. It is proposed that dramatic presentations shall be given of Shakespeare's plays, essay competitions held, in which  the children of the city schools  and others will take part, lectures by well-known Shakespeare  authorities, a Shakespeare  garden planted in Stanley  Park, and other features to mark  the occasion which is both the  anniversary of the birth and  death of Shakespeare. The great  dramatist was born on April 33  ���������St. George's Day���������1564," and  died on the same day in 1616  Vancouver is doing its bit in eel  ebrating the tercentenary of  Shakespeare. Everyone connected  with the Shakespeare committee  is giving his or her services free.  Already promises of prizes, offer  of help and useful suggestions  are pouring in on the executive.  The hon. secretary, Mr. H. N.  Hawkins, will be glad to hear  from anyone willing to join the  committee or help in any way.  Inquiries may be addressed, to  the office, 725 Pacific Building,  There will be a meeting of the  executive tonight, when it is  hoped considerable progress may  be reported by chairmen of the  various subcommittees.  SHAKESPEARE GARDEN  IN STANLEY PARK  Stanley   Park   is   to   have   a  Shakespeare garden, laid out and  planted as part of the proceed  ings  in connection with the ter  centenary       celebration    .  next  month.   The parks board has re  ceived the  suggestion  favorably  as  brought  forward by Mr. St  John Mildmay and Mr. J. Francis  Bursill.  The site proposed was part of  the botanical reserve, near the  conservatories. Rustic seats could  be placed there and the garden  would be a pleasant resting  place. T^he members of the committee said a full list of all the  flowers mentioned by Shakespeare���������those that flourished in  the old Elizabethan gardens���������had  been compiled. Mr. Davidson, the provincial botanist, had  stated thjit all would flourish in  this climate. The planting of a  tree with some little pleasant  ceremony might be a feature of  Tercentenary Week. Plants and  iseelds^jwouldIi,b_eJ,.dQnated..->^^S.ome  seeds and possibly a young tree  would be sent out from Stratford-  on-Avon, the birthplace pf the  poet. :   "*  '  The board unanimously gave  permission for the garden to be  laid out, and said the superintendent would welcome the cooperation of the committee. M.  St. John Mildmay, in thanking  the board for the committee, expressed the opinion that in years  to come the Shakespeare Garden  would not only haye a simple,  homely beaxity, but be popular  and interesting on account of its  associations. It will be some  time before the Shakespeare Garden in Stanley Park reaches maturity, but even this summer  there may be growing there  some of the simple old country  flowers such as gladdened the  eyes of Shakespeare when he  walked through the cottage-garden at Stratford-on-Avon to go  a-eourtin' Anne Hathaway. The  old Elizabethan garden still exists and, thanks to the fact that  Mr. Savage, Mr. Bennett, of Collingwood, and others in Vancouver have family links with Stratford-on-Avon, seeds from the old  Warwickshire town will be  planted in Stanley Park.  Shakespeare mentioned the old  English aspen, bramble, broom,  camomile, clover, columbine,  hawthorn, lavender, oxlip, rosemary and a hundred other plants  and flowers with evident love.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  \,  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  sta-  your  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY Friday, March 17, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  I (Continued   from   last   week)  '    December 26. ��������� Boxing Day.  [iSpent   Christmas   Day with  the  [mercer  and  his family at  their  [cottage       overlooking      Coogee  Lbeach  and  the Pacific  ocean. It  was like the most perfect June  'day in Canada;   and we   thoroughly enjoyed our two dips in  the surf,, the tennis match in the  forenoon, the characteristic Australian Christmas dinner and the  hours out on the terrace in the  afternoon, with the   broad   exit panse of. ocean before us and the  passion-fruit hanging temptingly  overhead.      We rounded out-' a  most enjoyable day with a visit  to   the   movies   in the    evening  where   we   saAV   many  familiar  scenes from America.     The Australians are excellent patrons of  I   any    theatrical    attraction,    no  matter how paltry it may be according to our ideas.  Attended a cricket match today at Randwick. Cricket and  horse-racing are the national  sports of Australia and although  not familiar enough with either  to enjoy them thoroughly, I can  testify to the immense crowds  that they invariably draw. The  race course at Randwick is one  of the very finest, and over 100,-  000 people attended the opening  this season. Money changes hands  very easily at these events. Football and tennis are popular, too,  [ but baseball is sthl in an unorganized condition, and has not met  with the popular favor up to the  present.  Of all the many attractions  of Sydney none .excel in wonder or beauty the Botanical Gardens, situated along the south  front of the harbor, and comprising full grown plants, trees  and flowers from nearly every  quarter of the globe. Here you  may see the English oak, -the  Florida magnolia, the Indian  bamboo, the Arabian date palm  and the Fijian banana plant  growing side by side. The landscape gardeners, too, have had a  golden opportunity to show their  skill, and the terraces, walks  and bypaths   are   adorned with  some very excellent reproductions  of European sculpture. Directly  in front of us stands Mercury  and around on the other side of  that clump, of tropical palms  you will find Canova's "The  Wrestlers," and the Venus de  Milo. Throughout Australia the  custom of adorning the parks  and residential avenues with  these works of art is generally  followed,and adds not a little to  the  beauty  of their cities.  The former residence of the  governor-general of Australia,  which cost $2,500,000 to build and  furnish, is located in a beautiful  park adjoining the Gardens;  while on the other side lies the  Domain, a large public park specially intended as a playground  for children and as an auditorium  for labor meetings. Sydney's public baths are here and are open  at both high and low tide. A noted . short distance swimmer from  Honolulu is giving demonstrations  all this week.  December 28.���������Sydney's business district is laid out on a scale  much like that of London, England���������the principal jewelers are  on Hunter street, the most noted mercers are close together  on a street of their own, tlie  booksellers are on their own  street, and so on. This makes  it easier to purchase anything  you want. The only business  that is scattered all over the  city is the hotel business. There  are 914 licensed hotels, shop and  wine depots in Sydney, but not  so many as there once were.  Drunkenness, however, is little in  evidence, especially on the main  thoroughfares. X  Today we visited Botany Bay,  Kurnell and La Perouse, the  birthplace of Australia and  landing place of Captain -Cook,  the discoverer of the continent.  A bronze tablet marks the spot  where Cook landed, and a granite monument, tells the story of  the discovery. On the shores of  Botany Bay we came upon one  of the very few settlements of  the aborigines of Australia���������  perhaps the  most depraved  and  HANBURY'S  For  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1076-1077,  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ���������p-W-���������*^���������������������������������������������������������������^���������aw.1 " ''������������������'^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������-iw----m  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  "Pride of the West"  , BRAND���������  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  least human of all the f negro  races.  We are leaving Sydney tonight  for Melbourne. It is a railway  journey of some 640 miles, and  the train takes from 7.30 tonight  until 1 o'.clock tomorrow af.ter-  noon to make it. The coaches  are built on the European plan,  with separate compartments for  each eight passengers, and the  corridor at one side of the car  instead of in the centre. First  and second class day coaches  are operated, and sleeping cars  for ' the first class passengers  only. In Australia practically  all the long-run trains leave in  the evening, as the rural scenery  is fearfully monotonous in most  parts of the commonwealth. Dining cars, both first and second  class, are operated throughout  the day, serving meals at what a  Canadian considers extremely  low prices. Meal stations occur  also at frequent intervals. This  is one of the many beneficial  results of government ownership  of public utilities.  The interior of New South  Wales is a very dusty country  just now, and we are not sorry  to see a drizzling rain set in as  we leave George street station.  One wonders what his first wak-  ing impression of the Australian  country will be in the morning.  December 29.���������Our first stop  after sunrise was Wagga Wagga,  a small station not far from the;  Murray river. The surface of  the country is slightly rolling,  but parched to.the last degree  by the severe drought. The larger sheep-stations are some thirty or forty miles back ������rom the  railway, but practically all the  ranchers around here raise some  sheep. The eucalyptus and gum  trees furnish the green portion  of the landscape and for dozens  of miles you will see no variety  in the scenery.  We reach Albury, at the borT  der of Victoria state, about 8.30,  and stop half an hour for breakfast. We have to change trains  here also, as the gauge of the  railway differs in Victoria, New  South Wales and Queensland���������a  relic of the early days when  each state had. its own separate  railway system and customs tar-  riff. At that time it was thought  prudent to make the gauge of  the Victorian railway different  from that of New South Wales  for military reasons. Now that  confederation has made a commonwealth of Australia this  change of gauge is a veritable  nuisance.  The country as we approach  HelhournX is "niore hilly^but far  more fertile, and presents a much  more   attractive   appearance.  December 30.���������-Melbourne is  laid out on a magnificent scale,  and although there is a population of 650,000, there is no  crowding. Melbourne is made  up chiefly of suburbs, the. business portion of the city being  provided with extra wide streets  and spacious squares that contrast favorably with the narrow  streets of Sydney. An excellent  tram service is supplemented by  motor busses, suburban steam  railways and ferries, so that a  business man who live 30 miles  from his office or shop can get to  work in as short a time as he  could in London or New York.  Melbourne possesses the finest racetrack in Australia. This  is located at Flemington, one of  the northern suburbs. At the  grand opening of the racing season last month the gate receipts  alone totalled .$115,000. As much  more probably changed hands  through the bookmakers. It is a  perfect race-course, and equipped for steeplechasing and many  other novelties in the racing line.  Visited the "White City" on  the shores of Port Phillip, Melbourne's fine harbor. Being an  inlet, the bathing is not so fine-  as at Sydney, neither is the weather so warm. We do not think  the attractions and amusements  can compare with those of Syd  ney. The Melbourne people are  more dignified and reserved. The  theatres, however, are more, modern ahd better equipped than in  Sydney. .     ������; ,  '���������> This is the home of Melba, the  famous opera singer, who was  born here, and who now lives at  Lilydale, an attractive suburb.  Her father is a very prosperous  wine merchant of Scottish descent, and it is said was opposed to his daughter entering the  operatic field. Australians in  general, however, are very proud  of her achievements in Europe  and  America.  Melbourne is second to Sydney as ���������' a seaport, arid all liners  on the way from Sydney to  European, African or Asiatic  ports make it a port of call.  December 31.���������The train for  Adelaide, South Australia, pulls  out at 4 p.m. We are going  through in order to spend New  Year's Day in the "city of  churches.',' The line runs well  into the interior, through some  of the best mixed farming country in Australia. We reach Bal-  larat about 6 o'clock, but as we  will spend a day here on our  return I will make no further  mention of it. At midnight the  passengers are waked out of a  sound 'sleep by the prolonged  screech of the whistle. We are  entering South Australia and also  entering, the New Year 1915. It  is very cold at night in this part  of the country, part of which is  an unbroken desert. The days  are hot enough to make up for  any deficiency in the night, however.  New Year's Day, 1915.���������Adelaide is the hottest city I have  ever been in) and today is one  of its hottest. It is 114 degrees  in the shade of the post office.  The sun's rays pour down from  directly above, us without stint  or mercy, and to one who is unaccustomed to its dazzling glare  on the asphalt streets, it is a menace to the eyesight of walk about.  It is, of course, a feature of  Australian sunshine that it is  brilliant and piercing. Photography is a delight anywhere in  this country, only the shortest  possible exposure being necesr  sary.  Mount Lofty, a suburb of Adelaide, is the coolest and greenest spot in this city that has been  without rain since August last.  It is over 3,000 feet above the  sea, and most of the expensive  houses are built here overlooking  the city, the bay and the ocean  beyond. Some of. the terraces  and hanging gardens are a delightrto '"tKTIeye^after the parched appearance of the city parks.  We coasted from here to the  Union Station, five miles away,  making a spiral line through the  lower part of the city. We hired  a tally-ho and went for a drive  out to Port Adelaide and Glen-  elg, a resort on the ocean beach.  All along the streets you will see  signs reading "Be careful of the  water." What little water there  is, is of a mawkish taste and not  at all palatable.���������E.W.S.  (To be continued)  The Grand   Home  I  always  wished  to see   the world���������I  'ad no  chanst   before,  Nor I don't suppose I should   'ave if  there    'adn't  been   no war;  I used to Tead the tourist books, the  shippin'news also, ���������-  An'  I 'ad  the   chance o' goin*, so   I  couldn't   'elp but go.  We   'ad a spelt in Egypt first, before  we moved along '.  Acrost the way to Suvla; where we got  it   'ot   an'   strong;  "We   'ad no drink when we was  dry,  no rest when we was tired,  But   I've    seen   .the   Perramids    an'  Spink, which I 'ad oft desired.  I've what'11 last me   all   my   life to  talk about an'think;  I've sampled various things to eat an'  various more to drink;  I've strolled among them dark bazaars,  which makes the pay to fly,  (An' I ,'ad  my fortune told  as well,  but that was all- my eye).  I've seen   them   little islands,   too���������I  couldn't say their names���������  An' towns as white as washin '-day an'  mountains spoutin' flames;  I've  seen  the sun  come  lonely up on  miles  an'  miles  o'  sea;  Why, folks 'ave paid a  'undred pound  an' seen no more than me.  )  The   sky   is  some'ow  bluer  there���������in  fact I never knew  As any sun could be so  'ot or any sky  as  blue;  There's  figs  an'    dates    an'  suchlike  things all   'angin' on the trees,  An' black folks walkin' up an' down  as   natural   as   you please.  I always wished to see the world, I'm  fond o' life an' change,  But   Abdul   got   me in the   leg;  an'  this is passin' strange,  That    when   you  see  Old   England's  shore all wrapped in mist an' rain,  Why, it's worth  the  bloomin'  bundle  to  be  comin'   'ome  again!  ���������"Punch."  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle.  N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building; Ottawa.  PETITION TO EXTEND  MORATORIUM ACT  A petition is in circulation in  the city seeking the provincial  government to extend the Moratorium Act, as a ��������� protection  against foreclosure and the sale  of property for delinquent taxes.  The petition declares that a large  number of citizens are in danger of losing their savings for  years past by the enforcement of  the law as in times of peace, in  addition to having their hope and  confidence in the country killed,  for need of equitable and judicious protection. iXthe opening  paragraph the petition points out  that a heavy demand is being  made upon the people by the pathetic appeals and these, coupled  with the disorganized financial  eonditions. are responsible for the  inability to meet payments.  Mr. and Mrs. Banks were going to  the pantomime and, as they had reserved seats, it was necessary ito  dress.  .Banks was ready ill good time, and  patiently waited in the room while his  wife completed her toilette. By the  contortions of her neck, he guessed  that she was trying to g^t a back  view of her gown, while the tense  lines of her face told him her mouth  was full   of  pins.  "Umph -���������goof ���������- suff ���������--<wuff ���������  offspowg?" she asked him. .  "Yes, dear," he replied. "Itlooks  quite   all   right."  "Ouff ��������� wun ��������� sog phmfw ���������  wght.'' It was clear from the tone of  her voice she was getting worked up.  '' Well, perhaps you 're right,'' he  agreed quickly; "but it seems to fit  very well as it is."  With a snort, she removed the pins  from between her. ruby lips, and exclaimed angrily:  "I've asked you twiccto pull down  the blinds! Can't you understand plain  PUBLIC   SCHOOL DESKS  SEALED TENDERS, superscribed  "Tenders for School Desks,"  will be received by the Honourable the Minister of Public Works up  to 12 o 'clock noon of Tuesday, 21st  day of March, 1916, for supplying  the following desks:  Single Desks  Size   No.   3 ; 250  Size   No.   2 .......250  Single -tears  Size   No.    2 100  Size   No.   3  50  Size   No.    5      :*.  25  The desks are to be quoted at a  price   per desk.  The name of the desk and maker to  be  mentioned  in tenders.  Delivery at Victoria or Vancouver  on  or before  31st day  of July  next.  The successful tenderer will, free  of any, additional charges store the  desks and pack or crate ready for  shipment to places to be hereafter  designated from time to time to the  order of the Department.  No tender will be entertained unless accompanied by an accepted  cheque on a chartered bank of Canada,  payable to the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, or by cash,  in the amount of two hundred dollars' ($200), which will be forfeited  if the party tendering decline to enter into contract when called upon to  do so; or if he fail to complete the  contract.  Cheques of unsuccessful tenderers  will be returned upon signing of contract. '  The Department is not bound to accept the lowest or any tender.  J. E. GRIFFITH,-  Deputy   Minister   and Public. Works  Engineer.  Department of Public Works,  Victoria, B. C., 1st March, 1916. mh2  Pbone Seymour 9086  One Is Apt  at  times  to  be  forgetful, but  don't forget tbat  A Deposit Pox  in our SAFETY VAtH������T 9iU  protect your valuables, documents, heirlooms, etc., from  FIEE or BUBGLA8Y for one  year  for  1.2.50  We  cordially invite you to  inspect same  DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS STBEET W.  P  SYNOPSIB   07   COAL   MINING  BEGUIATION8  Coal mining rights of tbe Dentin*  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province, of British' Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annua)  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant. ���������  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a_ fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be. paid on the aier*  chantable output of the mine at the.  rate of "fiver cents^per tohX���������^"""^"  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon.' If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once  a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George-V. assented to 12th  June,   1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the' Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of   Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy   Minister   of  the   Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL ���������VUs.*J^,;_J_S������_LifiJ,*_,  >*kku*(l&!*'-  8  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, March 17, 1916.  MY ENGLAND  My England!    Not my native /land,     ;  But dear to me as if she were���������  How often have I longed to stand   -  With  those  brave  hearts who- fight  for  her!  Bereft by Fortune, worn with age,  My life is all I have to give;  But freely would that life engage  For  those  who   die   that she might  live.  Mother of Freedom- Pledged to right!  : From Honor's   path   she  would   not  stray,  But,  sternly faithful,  used her  might  To lead mankind to nobler way.  Her task was hard, her burden great,  But  round  the  world her  edict  ran  That   reared   and   ruled   a   sovereign  state,  Securely,   on   the. rights of   man.  No vandal foot should tread her land,  No despot hold her realm in awe;  The   humblest   peasant   should   command  The shelter of her righteous law.  In vain  her lion port  was braved!  ~   Her pennant streamed o 'er ev 'ry sea,  And wheresoe'er   her ensign   waved  : All fetters fell and man was free.  Today be all  -her faults  forgot���������  The errors of her nascent prime,  Or   wily  politician's plot,  Or blunder that was almost  crime.  ,To-day,     when      desperate      tyrants  strain���������  By Greed and Fear, and Hate combined���������  To blast her power and. rend her reign  She fights the fight for all mankind.  She fights for us���������for this fair clime  Our  home,  belov 'd,  where free-men  dwell,'  Columbia,   grandest   born   of   Time,  That Teuton malice burns to quell.  My   England!    should  the    hope   be.  crost  In   which  she   taught the  world to  strive, . " .  Then  all  of Virtue would be  lost  And. naught, of manhood left alive.  But 'tis  not in the Book of Doom  That   Justice,   Honor,   Truth   should  "fail,  That earth be made a living tomb,  And   only  brutal   Wrong   prevail.  It cannot be the   human   race  Long   struggling   up   to Freedom's  sun,  Is  destined to the abject place  Of vassal to the murd'rous Hun!  In  ev'ry land that knows the ills  Of bondage, and has borne its aches,  The deathless pulse of Freedom thrills  And Reason's noble  rage  awakes.  See splendid Italy advance,  Arid grimly issuing from his lair,  To grasp the hand of glorious France,  Stalk    forth    th'   intrepid    Bussian  bear!  My   England!���������patient,   valiant, true!  Nor foes without, nor frauds within  Will  shake her purpose to subdue  The cohorts  of embattled sin.  The swinish horde, the gilded beasts,  In whom no touch of ruth survives,  Wro ravish women, murder priests,  And strew the sea with infant lives;  The Lords of War, who kill and maim,  Exultant  while   their  people groan,  Steeping    themselves    in   crime    and  shame,  To keep a despot on his throne;  That: pigmy  whose  'wildered brain  Himself an Attila appears;  Who takes the name of God in vain,  And drowns the earth in blood and  tears!  My  England, strike!   Droop  not,  nor  pause,  Till triumph on your banners shine!  Then  take   a grateful   world's     applause���������  Millions   of hearts   that beat   like  mine. '  ������������������William Winter in N. Y. Times.  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength loir  *4 x  Ounce  SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTEB-NUT BBEAD  combines the food values which make strength  and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean..  WTWBR-inrT 8JW3AP  is the best and least expensive food you can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or; INSIST on  BUTTEB-NUT at your store. Comes in (sanitary waxed wrappers.  SbeUy Pro*. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread.     Fair. 44.  MB.    HOLBOYD   PAULL  Who   Will Appear   at   Mount   Pleasant  Presbyterion C&urch   on March   24th in  a Select   Musical   Entertainment.  ARMSTRONG, MORWSON & CO.  Bead Office, 810-15 Bower BuUcUng  Seymow 1836  Dominion Coal Co.  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds Of Wood ^one: Pair. 1554  A Musical Treat  Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church  is to be the scene of an unusually  fine entertainment on the occasion of  the second annual concert of the  Crescent Class, dated for Friday evening,  March  24th.  It is interesting to note that Mr.  Holroyd Paull will be one of the artists of the evening. Mr. Paull's  reputation in musical circles here is  too well known to need comment, the  wonderful singing tone of his violin  and his absolute mastery of technicality making his appearance on the  platform an occasion to be looked for-'  ward to. .-,-'.-,  The entire programme is of special  interest, being as follows:  ������������������   PART I.        '���������'������������������  Pianoforte   Solo���������"Prelude'    ���������...... ...Bachmaninov  Mn Wpolf Silverman  Song��������� "._ . ..- ^  ._   (a) Love's  Citadel" Finden  (b) "Woodpecker"   .....,........T.Nevin  Mrs. Brewer X  Song���������"The King������s  Own''   ���������:........:. ��������� ...........Airlie Dix  Mr. William Muray  Violin  Solo���������"Airs Busses"          Wieniawski  Mr. Holroyd Paull  Song���������"My Dear Soul" .'.    .....^Wilfred   Sanderson  Miss   Mary M.   Isdale  Song���������"Thy   Sentinel   Am I"    ..........Watson  Mr. Alex. Wallace  Monologue Sketch-���������  '' Trying a Magistrate'' ..J. L. Toole  Mr. J. Arneill Crann  PAST II.  Pianoforte Solo���������Selected  Mr Woolf   Silverman  Song���������'' My Dearest Heart''    .....Sullivan  Mrs.  Brewer  Song���������"Jolly Old Cavalier"    .........:... ^....Thoe. Bonheur  Mr. William  Murray  Violin Solo���������"Balatta D'Amore" ....   ..........Hayward  Mr.   Holroyd Paull  Song���������"Just A'Wearyin' for You"   ...:....Carrie Jacobs  Bond  Miss Mary M. Isdale-  Song���������-"Macgregor's  Gathering"    ,..;.   ...............��������� ....Alexander Lee  Mr. Alex. Wallace  Becitation���������'' Patie  Pirnie V Wooin'"  .........^.................. R. Ford  Mr. J. Arneil Crann  God Save The King  ..There can  be  no  doubt  as  to the  success of an entertainment which contains so   much   promise of  enjoyment  to music lovers.  SOW T8E FO.U3S  ARE   DIVIDED  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 883  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  When Austria, Germany and Bus  sia, guardians of the remnants of ancient Poland, went to war, by united'  action the Poles might have won a  degree of autonomy. Instead, they  have shown again the dissension that  has been their fundamental fault since  the vast kingdom of Boleslaus III., in  the twelfth century, was rent asunder  by the disagreement^ among Jjjis^jB.ugr  cessoirsXhaT ushered in the two centuries of the "partitional period.' .'.  Austrian and German Poles have  called on their brothers in Bussia to  join them, but some of their own number have gone over to the czar. Russian Poles have urged all Poles to  rely upon the promises of an autonomous Poland that Nicholas II. and  his ministers have thrown out, but  many Bussian Poles, convinced that-  nothing can be expected from. Russia,  are fighting with the Teutons. A Russian Pole of noble birth, General Pil-  sudsky, who had a large estate near  Minsk, sacrificed his property and  friendships in Russia to organize a  legion of ten thousand Russian Poles  for the German army, who fought  with maniacal fury in the campaign  that saw the fall of Warsaw. The  first regiments to enter the capital  of the ancient kingdom were composed of Poles, and as many as one hundred thousand Poles, most of them  Russian, had a part in the drive on'  Brest-Litovsk.  The German Poles who try to persuade their Russian brethren to join  them point to the superior civilization enjoyed by the Poles of Posen  and to their advanced economic position. The Austrian Poles, arguing  also for the success of Teutonic fortunes, point out that in Austria the  Poles have more liberties than in  Russia or Germany, and they call attention to the fact that nowhere  are so many political posts open to  Poles as   in  Galicia.  Admitting this, the majority of the  Russian Poles contend that, since  Germany, not Austria, is the donlin  ant figure in the Dual Alliance, in  the event of Teutonic victory Germany would determine what the pol  icy of the Teutonic allies should be  toward the Poles. This majority element of the Russian Poles, who counsel adherence to Russia, are perhaps  the largest element among the Poles.  They prefer Russia to Germany, not  because they hate her less. They believe that Germany is a greater menace  to   their ambitions  than   Russia.  An influential Pole, who is outwardly loyal to Bussia, said to me:  "We Poles do not fear the inferior  civilization of Bussia as we fear the  civilization of Germany, which is on  a par with' our civilization. Our  nationality is much more apt to be  undermined by Germany than by Bussia. In fact, the Russian colonies  planted in Poland to destroy its national integrity have failed, because  Russians cannot thrive in the rarefied atmosphere of Polish civilization.  ^..'iSo^be^Poles^hope, to^have^Bussia  regain all ancient Poland, and then  hope for a large measure of independence under Bussian protection."���������Gregory Mason in the Outlook.  Pretty Near is Bight  "Dose Irish makes me sick, alvays  talking about vat   great fighters   dey  are,' said  one  German  to another  on  the  train.  "Why, at Berta's vedding der odder night dot drunken Mike Mulligan  butted in, und me und mein brudder  und mein cousin Fritz und mein  friendt Louis Hartmann���������vhy, ve  pretty near kicked him oudt of der  house.''���������Boston   Transcript.  Thought He Knew Him  . Passing through a military hospital  a visitor noticed a private in one of  the Irish regiments who had been terribly injured. To the orderly the visitor said: "That's a bad case. What  are you going to do with him f'  "He's going back, sir,'' replied the  orderly.  "Going back!" said the visitor, in  surprised  tones.  '/Yes,'-'    said "the   orderly.       "He  thinks he knows who did it."  In   the   Highlands  Sandy���������They tell me that some sol  gers   trench-diggin'   on   McTwaddie's  farm hiv   unearthed   a   skeleton   o'   a  prehistoric man.  Mrs. Sandy���������Losh keeps! I hope  puir auld Mae will be able tae clear  himsel' 0 o'    ony    suspechun.���������London  ARE YOU GOING TO EUROPE?  Do you intend shipping, your household goods there? If so,  CAMPBELL AT ONCE���������you can save from 25 to 45 per cent, in oyt  land transportation, secure prompt space reservations, and far bettl  service than you could possibly get for yourself. Sole Agents in Val  couver for Trans-Continental Freight Company���������largest concern of a  kind on North American continent.. Full information free���������no 6]  ligation. . ������������������ - - X  QvMPBiLl^rORAC.ErtMl*NY  Oldest and Largest in Western Canada  *PHone Seymour 7360 Offkl &57 Beatty -Stree  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Jlanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  Welcome Spring Rains!  I Wear Leckie Boots!  My feet are not only kept dry and warm  and perfectly comfortable, but I have the satisfaction of knowing that I am going to get the  most wear for my money from these boots, because they are made strong and sturdy from the  very finest leathers that money can buy. You'll  like them, too;  ?JM>HI3TO<WISTS QUITS  SATISFIED WITH FJWJBOTS  The work of the organization  committee of the people's Pror  hibition Movement is proceeding  as strenuously as ever. Chairman Hammond is in touch with  the splendid organization that has  been built up throughout the pro-  province, and from letters received daily at city headquarters  it is evident the sentiment in favor of prohibition is fully as  strong up country as it is here.  If-Vancouver and ^Victoria���������will  only do their duty there is no  doubt but that the outside districts will roll up a big majority for prohibition.  Petition cards are still being  received in great numbers and  while these will not be used in  adding to the bulk of the peti-  ernment they are being" utilized  tion already presented to the gov-  in checking the possible vote for  the referendum and being used  to help perfect arrangements for  getting out the vote on polling  day.  Tercentenary Committee  Meets Tonight  the Carnegie library. Everyone  interested will be welcome to attend the committee meetings.  ROD AND  GUN  March Bod and Gun has an interesting table of contents for the  lover of outdoor life. Bonnycas-  tle Dale contributes the leading  article on " The New Sport for  the Spring Duck Shooter"; F.  V. Williams writes of "Jim's  Fox"; R. J Fraser of "The Men  Who Can't Come Bac^" J^or^  manXkettXpscribes a "Three  Weeks' Canoe Trip in Algonquin  Park"; and J3. 0. Perrin contributes the story of "Blanch-  ard's Trap," the hero in which  sets out to capture a bear and  succeeds in landing an even more'  valuable and quite unexpected  prize. There are other stories as  good as these and besides the regular departments devoted to  Guns and Ammunition, Fishing Notes, The Trap, The Kennel, etc, are calculated to attract sportsmen who are interested in matters of this kind.  Rod and Gun is published by W.  J. Taylor, Woodstock. Ont.  Opinion.  ���������    *    *    ������  I* ery Inconsiderate  Here is a specimen of Australian  frightfulness found in the advertising columns of a Melbourne paper:  "We refuse   to supply   the   Kaiser  with ���������'s   herbal   skin   ointment.  Let   him   suffer.'?  Even the thickest skin must feel  >].������g#____To_.t*hester  Guardian.  A meeting of the committee of  the Shakespeare Tercentenary  celebration will be held this evening in the Caledonian Rooms,  Pacific Building, to advance preparations for the Vancouver observance of the great dramatist's  birth and the tercentenary of his  death. Arrangements have been  made for a series of plays to be  given by Mr. Harold Nelson  Shaw, lectures to be held in the  city schools, a Shakespeare garden to be -planted in Stanley  Park, prizes offered for school  essays, and sermons to be preached in the churches by the clergy  of various denominations. Mr. R.  W. Douglas, the librarian of the  Cal-nejrie Library, is also arranging a Shakesoeare  exhibition at  Mr. Andrew Lang once collected  malapropisms. One of these is as follows: "Visitor���������I am very sorry  for the death of your poor aunt. A  very aged woman she must have been.  The Bereaved Niece���������Yes, ma'am.. In  two or three years she would have  been a centurion." Another is: "Ku- '���������  rai Parishioner (about to marry for  the second time), to congratulatory  friend���������Weel, I'm marrying mostly  for the sake of the bairns. If it was  just masel', I could e'en gang on being a celebrity."  Will Stop Gas Attacks  John���������The French have gained 400  metres  from  the  enemy.  Auntie���������How splendid. That should  help to put a stop to those dreadful  gas   attacks!  A Chance  '' Do you   think   your father   would  consent   to our   marriage?"  "He might. Father's so eccentric."  ���������From   the Buffalo   Express.

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