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The Western Call 1916-04-07

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 ���������gfr- ���������^������������������^���������.^J?* ^^y^ ������-W'^^^^  ' V.V-11  Subscribe to the  Western Call  $1.00 Per Year  6 Mot. 50 cento  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  T. J. Ka������rney  J M. Mclntyi*  Fon������ral Director  T. J. Kearoey * Cu.  FuMnl  ���������ad .BmbalBMn.  At yonr Mrviea.dajr and  night.  1     Moderate charges-  802 Bro������dw������y Wait  .Plum*: .Tats; 1QM  volume vn.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, )' FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1916  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 48.  MOUNT PLEASANT  The secretaries of all Globs  and Associations (whether social, religious, or political) as  well as private individuals, are  invited to send , in any items of  general interest each week for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday  noon to ensure publication.  Unveil Third Honor Boll at Mt.  Pleasant ^ Methodist Church  As the names of the men on the  honor roll were called, those soldiers thus favored who were in  the audience stood up, and at the  completion of the roll call the  pastor asked the members of families to stand up also. Then, a  short prayer in which a safe return of the men who had enlisted and in which consolation for  those who had been afflicted by  the loss of relatives was offered  by Dr. Sipprell.  A. J. Ainsley, Canadian Engineers, N. Vancouver; J. E. Armishaw, 102nd Comox; Jos. Armishaw, 72nd; Jas. Armishaw,  72nd; R. Armishaw, Western Irish; J. S. Black, Canadian Engineers, Kingston; D. Broom,  Canadian Engineers, N. Vancouver -? A. Glower, Overseas; V. L.  Cox, 72nd; L. Domoney, 72nd; R.  G; Drost, Canadian Engineers,  Kingston; Ct, Etheridge, 62nd  Overseas; R. Pluker, Overseas; G.  Fulton,- Canadian Engineers. N.  I Vancouver; G. H. Goldsmith,  72nd; H. H. Gregg, M. G. Grind-  ley, 72nd; R. L. Harper, 138th,  Edmonton; J. V. Hartwell, 121st  Western Irish, F. H. Howe, Canadian. Artillery, Kingston; G. D.  Hunt, Canadian Artillery, Kingston, J. VC. Johnstone, 158th; A.  W. Lanflois, Royal Navy, W,.H.  Miller, Artillery; JI Morrison,  .102nd Comox; T. Morrison, 102nd  ', Comox; W. McGregor, Canadian  WARD V. CONSERVATIVES  OPEN MEW QUARTERS  Other speakers were Mr. Tho-*  mas Duke, Mr. Walter Leek; Mr.  A. M. Harper and Mr. Strang,  all of. whom congratulated the  members of the association on  their enterprise in securing such  comfortable  quarters.  During the evening a splendid  musical programme was presented. This included a speciality by  Mr. W. C. McC. Moore, vocal  solo by Mr. C. E. Smitheringale,  instrumental selection by Dr. E.  E. Harper and a vocal solo by  Mr. Wark. Each number was  heartily encored and responded  to.  ' "Kleptomania," a farcical  comedy in three acts, will be  staged this -evening by the Mt.  Pleasant Dramatic Society at the  Soldiers' Club, 233 Abbott St.,  under the auspices of the Ladies'  Auxiliary. The performance will  commence promptly at 8 o'clock.  .1 Mis8 K. Martin and Mr. Graham Bruce were in charge of the  l^pnday night meeting of the Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian C. E. Society. The address and discussion  on the topic, "Consecration of  our Time," was very bright and  interesting.  Ward V. Conservatives turned  out in large numbers on  Monday night, the occasion  being the formal opening of  their new and spacious  quarters at the corner . of  Sixth Avenue and Main street  Interesting speeches were given  by Mr. J. A. Harvey, K.C.; Mr.  H. C. JN. McKim, the president,  and others on the political situation of the province. On the platform with Mr. McKim were  Messrs. Thomas Duke. Walter  Leek, A. M. Harper, J. A. Harvey and Mr. Strang, president of  Ward II Conservative Association*;  In the opening address of the  evening,   Mr.   McKim  paid eloquent tributes to Premier Bor-  I rEjjgineeyu,.; JJ.���������:Tancowre*f AWJ de*, Sir ^hnrArMacdoneUT and  ���������v McMorran, Western " Irish; J.  Potterr 62nd Overseas; F- C.  Roberts, Western Irish; S. M.  Scott, Univ. Hospital Corps; H.  |i Smyth, 72nd; Wi Symington, 47th  Overseas; H.. L. Taylor, 88th,  Victoria; E- T. Ternan, 158th;  L. Westcott, Western Irish; F.  J. Williams, 88th, Victoria; H.  Worsley; D. Hazlewood, Univ;  Hosp. Corps; A. B. Taylor, at  the front; E G- Butcher, Overseas Pioneers; J. Gowanlock, 7th,  at the front; G. Powell, Eng.  Training Corps, Ottawa; nurse,  Miss E. Rohrer, Overseas.  _^WJth._the_Jarge.Landit.oriura^.of.  the Mount Pleasant. Methodist  church filled to its utmost capacity and with crowds who were  unable to gain admittance to the  interior of the building standing  in the porch and filling the exits,  the unveiling of the church's  third military honor roll tablet  took place last Sunday night, Col  Milne and Major Meredith, of the  158th battalion, drawing aside  the curtains which veiled the  tablet, at the conclusion of a brief,  dedicatory address by Rev. Dr.  Sipprell, the pastor. Following  the unveiling the congregation  rose and sang God Save the  King. During the evening Col.  Milne, in a stirring _address, outlined the responsibilities and duties of a soldier and called upon  the men and women at home to  give practical support and sympa-  thetical assistance to the boys  who had enlisted for overseas service. The band of the 158th bat-  atlion was present and played '' O  Canada"   during   the   offertory.  fj The anthem of the choir was of a  character appropriate to the  occasion as were also the solos.  The auditorium was attractively  decorated with flags of the entente allies.  The names of 38 adherents of  the congregation were revealed  when the tablet was unveiled and  these, with 86 on the other two  -tablets unveiled in October and  December, bring the total representation from the church to 124.  LOCAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN  PLANS FOR EXHIBITION  Premier Bowser, whose portraits  appeared on the walls of the  room. He referred to Premier  Borden as a statesman of the  most patriotic type who was hindered in carrying out his program of patriotism by the  leader of the opposition. He. stated that the affairs of the Dominion were indeed in safe  hands.  "There is no man in this province today," he stated, in  speaking of. Premier Bowser, "so  strong in the political life of the  province and so indefatigable in  working for^ the _best interests of  the country." He lauded the Soldiers ' Homestead Act and reminded the electors that the premier was giving the opposition  every opportunity to make- good  their charges of maladministration. He thought it was up to the  Conservative party to nail the lies  of the opposition as soon as they  were uttered. The president then  read letters from Premier Bowser, H. H. Watson, M.P.P., Dr. G.  A. McGuire, M.P.P,, and Mr. A.  H. B. Magowan, M.P.P., expressing regret at not being able to  attend the function and hopes for  a bright future of the Ward V.  organization. Premier Bowser  stated that he would be in'. Vancouver as soon as the session was  over. He also thought that the  parity was being rejuvenated and  that the road to victory for the  opposition was not along the rosy  path which it believed.  After paying a similar tribute  to Premier Bowser, Sir John A.  Macdonald and Premier Borden,  Mr. Harvey pointed out that the  Conservative party was suffering  from two circumstances, past  prosperity, which caused over  confidence, and the advent of  hard times, the war having dislocated every phase of human activity. The recent by election,  however, had cured the party  of overconfidence. The interest  was being renewed, however, and  the future was looking. brighter  2or the party.  Discussion as to the arrangements for the women's part  of the Vancouver Exhibition- occupied the attention of this  week's meeting of the Local Council of Women, held in the  Board of Trade rooms.  The executive of the local council decided to take up the  women's work this year again; ;and its action in the matter  was endorsed by the meeting,' the industrial building having  been given over entirely to the women's work.  Owing to some difficulty in finding prizes this year for  the home gardening competition a committee was appointed  for this purpose, consiaiing of Mors,. A. F. Perry, Mrs. Robert  McNair, Mrs. A. E. Clark, and lprs. Harold. Thirty members  of the council were asked to volunteer to visit 10 gardens each  in connection with the competition, their names to be sent to  the convener, Mrs. F. Gh Lewis. \   <  With regard to the baby poltett, it was resolved to send  a letter to the exhibition commit|ee dxpresting the willingness  of the local council to again undertake the better babies' contest, provided suiable accommodation was afforded. It was  ahjo refPlved to swd a leiter l������ f*e exhibition committee asking if. it wiU provide the prises for the better babies this year.  A motion was passed tbat tha Local Council of Women  take up the tea room, household arts, and needlework departments again this year. The following ladies to act. as convenors: Mrs. W. .H. Griffin, household arts; Mrs. W. U.  White, tea -rooms; Mrs, qtarnbidl, needlework. .Mrs. W. A.  Clarke, convenor for the better babies' contest, will be glad  to receive names of those willing to help with the babies.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  In order to allow  the  usual  vacation to the members of the  fire department, Chief Lester has  been authorized to appoint substitute men during the vacation  periods. ���������   There  will  be a preparatory  service tonight at 8 o'clock in the  Westminster Presbyterian church,  cor. Sophia and 26th avenue east.  All wishing to join the church  at this season should be present  at this service. On Sunday  morning the pastor's subject  will be "The Eternal Will," and  in the evening, "If I",were Prime  Minister."  After a long discussion  over  the rate of pay being given teamsters for hauling sewer pipe  from the manufacturers' yard in  the city, to the municipality,  raised by the receipt of a petition from the teamsters asking  that only South Vancouver men  be employed, and that they be  paid a "fair rate of wages," the  council decided to raise the wage  from 80 to 90 cents per ton to all  districts except Collingwood, for  which they will receive $1.   The  There   were   .288 .births,   96  deaths and 94 marriages in the'  city of Vancouver during the  month of March, according to  figures given out at the office of  the government agent at the provincial court house. For South  Vancouver, the figures were:  Births 52, deaths 17 and marriages 6.  Tne ministers of the various  churches in the municipality are  to be asked to make a special  announcement on Sunday asking  all ladies willing to help in the  Patriotic Fund campaign to *'send  their names to the secretary, J.  B. Springford, or the treasurer.  Miss Hurd, addressed to the municipal hall, if they . cannot be  present at the meeting. The aim  of the committee in charge of the  collection is $1,000 from South  Vancouver, and they ask the  whole-hearted co-operation of  every resident of the municipality in.its effort.  At the regular business meeting of the,Cedar Cottage branch  of  the B.  C. Political  Equality  League on Monday'afternoon it  petition contained 16 signatures Iwa* decided to change the name  Fairview  _Tbisexening atXolcloek there  will be a debate between Victoria and King Edward High  Schools in the King Edward auditorium, corner of Oak street  and Twelfth avenue. The subject  is, "Resolved that the Attitude  of the United States Government  in the Present War is Justifiable." Messrs. Cross and Folkes  will debate for Victoria, while  Messrs. Pratt and Robson will  support the affirmative for King  Edward High School. There will  be a musical programme in addition to the debate, and everyone  is welcome.  At the meeting of the King  Edward High School Parent-  Teachers' Association yesterday  afternoon presided over by the  president, Mrs. Herbert Baker.  Mrs, J. Stuart Jamieson, president of the University Women's  Club, gave an interesting and instructive address on the relationship between the school and the  home, showing^Jhe part the home  plays, the part the school plays,  and the insistent need for the  co-operation of both in the development of the ideal citizen,  both school and home failing if  they do not realize this responsibility. The address was so  much enjoyed that the members  hope to arrange for an evening  meeting next month, when a larger audience can be brought together to hear Mrs. Jamieson  again.  ^P^* *P^T 4*  Ww^^fWJr  Rosedale 's shingle and lumber  mills are busy and nearly all  their product is going east over  the C. N. R.  The honor roll of Gordon Presbyterian church, at Edmonds,  contains 36 names, two of the  men having been killed and an-  portcd missing.  .The municipal finance committee has received an offer from  MrXJ; F. Mahon, through Mr. R.  O. Proctor, to advance $6,560 on  account of 1916 taxes it" interest  at the rate of 8 per , cent, was  paid from the date of. the advance to the end of the rebate  period and it was decided to offer &even per cent, interest.  and was backed by a delegation  of the  men.  Notices are at present being  distributed to those in arrears  with their water rates that if  payment is not made immediately  the supply will be cut off. No  fixed date has been set for the  cutting off of the water, as the  municipality is large, and it will  take several days to distribute all  the notices, but the collector  points out that after receipt of  the notices if. payment is not  made within 14 days the water  supply will be immediately  stopped.  The arrangements for the canvass of the municipality for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund were  furthered at a meeting held last  evening-in-the-municipal���������ball;  After arrangements for securing  of tags and collection boxes for  the street collection had been  made it was decided to call a  special meeting- next Thursday  evening of all ladies and gentlemen who are in any way to help  the collection. Captains for the  different districts will be appointed, and the taggers will be assigned to their respective stations.  of the organiation to the South  Vancouver branch of the league. *  It was also decided to increase  the executive comittee to   seven  members. After hearing the reports of the various committees  and making arrangements for an.  entertainment to be given on an  early date an interesting talk was  given by Miss Helen Gutteridge ,  on "Parliamentary Laws."  The Main Street Circle of the  South Vancouver Soldiers and  Sailors' Mothers and Wives Red  Cross branch are holding their  meetings at the home of Mrs.  Rife, 4332 Howard St., near 28th  avenue, South Vancouver. Members please note the change. The  sacred concert given in the  Dreamland theatre, loaned by Mr.  Dean, and the Tipperary cushion  donated by Miss Gladys Smith,  Several motorists were fined at  the Burnaby police court yesterday. Mr. J. R. Dunca, New  Westminster, was fined $10 and  costs for speeding and Mr. C.  Wilcok, of North Vancouver, was  lined $25 and costs for a similar  offence, having also to pay the  costs on a second charge for  speeding. Percy Swift, Vancouver  was fined $5 and costs for not  having a rear light. Fred Fel-  lowes, of Burnaby, was fined $10  and costs for riding a motor  bicycle without a number plate,  and Roy Kerr, Vancouver, was  fined $2.50 and costs for riding  a .bicycle without a light. Mr.  J.'S.'. Clute was the magistrate.  South Vancouver night classes  were brought to a pleasant close  on Saturday by an exhibition of  articles made by the students.  There was a large attendance of  visitors. The supply of confectionery and cakes under the control  of Miss Allen and her students  was quickly exhausted although  the supply was large. The large  millinery and dressmaking rooms  were arranged under the direction of Mrs. Martin and the Misses Aldred and Jaclcman with  their students and congratulations  were freely made. Mr. John Kyle  provincial inspector, made an examination of the work done and  expressed himself as greatly  pleased with the display. Among  the visitors to the exhibition  were Mr. R. H. Neelands, chairman of the school board, and  Mrs. Neelands, and Messrs.  Woods and Robertson, trustees.  An apology for absence was received from Mrs. McPhie who  was indisposed.  realized the sum of $28 for the  fund. The South Vancouver Soldiers and Sailors Mothers and  Wives association have decided  to resume their social meetings  every Friday afternoon, at Khaki  House, corner of 47th avenue and  Chester street. An effort will be  made to provide speakers for  each meeting, and all mothers  and wives of soldiers or sailors  are invited to attend. Mrs. Macdonald, president, would like to  hear from anyone having a sewing machine to loan for. Red  Cross work.  Authoritative reports from the  east go to show that paint and  leather will be sharply advanced  in price after May. Both these  very necessary commodities will  be from 25 to 200 per cent, higher than in normal times. The leather situation, to say nothing of  the tanning and dyeing materials  is in a critical state, and it will  be impossible to obtain shoes next  fall at anywhere near the present  price. This is due to the decrease in cattle raising throughout  the world and to the increased  demand for leather. Those who  require a supply of shoes would  do well to do their fall shopping  early, and a similar hint would**  not come amiss to those intending  to paint up this spring or summer. In buying paint or leather,  the maxim '' a stitch in time saves  nine," will be specially applicable. p������saii&sa^  P*y*r,-������ mm4w-f^g--s������.iy  m****m  Friday^ April 7, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  8  Inventions Add to War's Terrors  War today is not what it was  irhen; England declared war on  .ermany. Great improvements  lhave been perfected within the  llast year and the men who haye'  [had to handle the new engines of  [destruction have learned the bet-  fter how to direct them.  From   the   standpoint   of   the  Imilitary expert the greatest Jes-  1 son of the present war on land  'has been the immense value of the  aircraft, even when viewed solely  from the standpoint of"recohnoi-  tring. As one military master has  phrased it; "The great Surprise  of aircraft in the present war is  |/that it eliminates surprise."  The work of the air forces during the present war can hardly  be overestimated; It has been'  thorough and, what is even more  important it has been very  speedy. Reports which would  have taken cavalry several -days  to compile,'with the-danger that  they vyould be rendered useless  by reason of changes in the meantime, are now delivered within a  few hours after the air-scouts  leave camp, and the use of wireless on the aeroplanes and dirigibles renders it possible for the  scout at headquarters making his  report and up in the air watching  the enemy to see that they do not  change  their  movements.'  Getting Range of Hidden Batteries" J  Then, vtoo, cavalry is of little  use in locating the batteries of  the enemy, which are usually mais-  ked or hidden so as to be practically invisible from earth level.  To the eye of. the aeronaut or  aviator, however, the faint wisps  of smoke which mark the location  of even smokeless powder batteries act as signposts, and it is  the matter of a few moments to  flash the range of the hidden batteries back, to the guns which can  sweep the surrounding country.  Germany has not been content  with building a large air fleet  and then allowing it to find its  way about the"*- country, unguid-  edsave by a rather unsteady compass "and the pilot's knowledge  of the terrain over which he is  passing. As an additional measure of safety the German government has erected a number of  "War beacons'- which, flashing  iii different parts of the empire,  give information to the aviator  as to his exact location.  Act as lighthouses  These beacons act as lighthouses of the air, giving warning  where not to land and information as to the approach to the  landing stages. They are constructed on the lighthouse prin-  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOfHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM DAY  TO DAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS ?  If the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged by other dentist* haa  hitherto prevented yon having yonr teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTISTRY AB I PRACTICE IT  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAW  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference to me. -  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  tp all my patients:  "IF IT HURTS, DON'T PAY .ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low. ' ' ^  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's    DAWSON BLOCK    Vancouver's  Pioneer Painless  Dentist     COR. HASTINGS & MAIN STS.     Dentist  Phone Seymour 1566  ciple, except that the light, instead of being projected horizontally, is projected vertically upwards In addition to marking the  exact location' for the benefit of  the men aloft, these beacons are  also used as telegraph stations, a  system of dots and dashes of light  transmitting messages to the aviators without the necessity for the  latter descending.  Jn the immediate vicinity of  these beacons are the landing  stages, huge sheets of very thick  glass through which shine lights  to guide the aviator. The aeroplanes land directly upon these  glass-covered surfaces and landing accidents are almost unknown  New Wind Indicators  The Germans also have a\ Very  'clever manner of indicating to  the air-pilot the direction of the  wind near the earth. Red lights  are placed at each corner of the  landing stage, and these are connected -with a weather vane. If  the wind is from- the northwest  tHe lights at the north and west  corners are automatically lighted; but, should the wind suddenly veer to the southeast, the north  and west lights are extinguished  and those at the opposite corners  lighted. When there is no wind  the red lights are all extinguished, and there remains only the  white light in the centre of the  glass.  Mention of aircraft naturally  brings to the popular mind the  question of the Zeppelin���������the  German dreadnought o������ the air���������  which, it was predicted, would  sweep everything before it, laying  waste cities and devastating  whole states with its deadly  bombs. The average layman is  of the opinion that the zeppelin  has been rather much of a failure  in the present war, mainly because the German raids on England have resulted in little more  thart scaring, theypopulace and  dropping bombs which did little  damage.  Scouting Work of Zeppdlins  But the zeppelin has done far  more than this. It has performed duties which, for the most part  have remained unknown, because  the big craft, huge as they are,  have not been detected: I.am  speaking now of the scouting  work performed by the zeppelins  ���������work which has^not been widely advertised by the German war  ofSjce, but which has been of immense value in assisting the operations of the invading army in.  France.  It is nothing unusual for these  huge monsters of the air to penetrate miles beyond the allies' bat-  tlefront and to hover, under cover of the night, until the first  streaks of dawn break in the east.'  Neutral-tinted, the Zeppelins, as  large as a city block, would rise  with the mist, and the military  observers could, with perfect  safety, make out the details of  the enemy's movements. The big  airship would continue to rise  until it passed the cloud level,  and it would then report its observations to headquarters by  means of wireless, sometimes remaining hidden .behind friendly  clouds for hours at a time, waiting for an opportunity to make  fresh observations through rif.ts  in the vapor; In the event of an  attack by aeroplanes the zeppelin  would either rise to a level beyond that' at which the airplane  could be safely operated, or it  would beat a hasty retreat to its  own side of the line, returning  for further observations the next  night.      x  Triumphs of Modern Surgery  But the triumphs of modern  medical science do not eclipse the  triumphs of modern^ surgery, both  in preventing death and in  bringing about the rapid recovery  of the wounded. The average of  deaths among the men wounded  abroad has in most hospitals  been less than one in ten.  Gangrene and the other deadly  maladies that formerly followed  in the wake of the bullet or the  bursting shell have been subdued  to such an extent that a wounded man is a much better life insurance policy than his brother,  in the trenches, for the latter may  be killed at any moment, while  the man in the hospital will have  the best of care in order that he  may resume his place.  The New Field Kitchen  It was formerly the custom to  furnish soldiers in the field with  their rations    in    an uncooked  state. The troops were supposed  to prepare, their food over camp  fires, using their own utensils for  this purpose. But, for one thing,  camp fires have gone ou$ of fas  hipn in well-regulated wars���������they  furnish  an excellent   target  for  artijlery   fire   and   also attract  bombs from aeroplanes and diri  gibles. Besides, soldiers are usual  ly too tired to cook their own  food thoroughly and many stom  ach troubles, lessening the effi  ciency of the troops, would result from this undercooked food  Accordingly, the new field    kitchen was developed and all   the  armies engaged in the war have  supplied   themselves with   these  enormous, ungainly, shapeless box  wagons, which perform the very  important function of supplying  the fighting men with hot, noiir  ish'ing  rations,  something  never  before  attempted on a scale  as  large as this.  \  vvhat Your    t  lelepn  one  A Stationary Birthday  Here lies Miss Jane, aged 28.  x  '' Here lie s''" is most appropriate,,  Some Speed!  He   ran for  trains,   he   ran for  boats,  He ran for office, too, they say!  He ran to business, ran to lunch,  Then ran   in   debt���������and   ran  away. ,  Represents  ��������� Do you ever realize that having a telephone places at your disposal the resources  of an $8,000,000 investment?  Not only are you always in instant communication with your friends, but also with  all parts of the province.  There is also the advantage,,too, of being  able to telephone to all parts of the Pacific  coast, and even to Toronto, Montreal, Chicago  and eastern American cities.  ���������&.  BritishCohimhia jFV/e^Adne  A   Cottony, Limited A  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  i    *  Nocturne  Sentry���������Halt! Who goes there?  v-Corivivial Recruit���������Give it up.  Whasher answer?  Indirectly  "What is an indirect lighting  system V" .   '   *  ;']t is where a fellow gets 'lit  up' when another fellow buys the  drinks."  Key to the Parable  "Pop, what does the Bible  mean by the people who swallow  a camel and strain at a gnat."  ''Oh, I suppose it means the  people who swallow a fish story  and choke to death on a fishbone."  ___.._. A*|q5KFB4������la4^toar    ?" ^   ^  Hokus���������Harduppe struck me  for a loan of $10 last week.  Pokus���������Well, I suppose he was  appreeiative. ' .  Hokus���������Yes, so appreciative  that he has since demanded several encores.  Three,  Count 'Em,  Three  The  crusty old bachelor, with  the self-winding 24-hour grouch,  settled   down into   one   of   tin:  club ariiichairs.  "I've just spent an hour talking with some young married ladies," he growled, "and not one-.  did their conversation deviate  from  the great   feminine   triol-  ogy"  "What's that?" came from the  depths of another armchair.  "Babies, servants, and babies."  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  The Commander in Chief  It was at an evening party and  Dodge asked Kellar:  "Who is. that impressive-look-  ing^woman over there?"  "That's Mrs. Moore," was. the  reply. '' She's a remarkably  strong-minded woman' It is said  she commands a large salary."  "Indeed," said Dodge, reflectively, as he looked at the woman with interest. "How does  she  earn  it?"  "She don't earn it," said Kellar. "Her husband earns it and  she commands it."-*1  IN THE CAMEEOON^  i   '       '*   '  An officer in a Gold Coast, regiment  writes to a friend a very instructive  and interesting account of the operations in which he has taken part. He  says:  :It was then ,our troubles began. For  two weeks we cut through the bush,  forded rivers knee to waist deep, and  were 'literally eaten by mosquitoes,  flies and huge ants. It was the most  terrible march, admitted to bex by the  most experienced of the old coasters,  ever made.  Well, in two . days we got to  Sakbyenne which we put in a state of  defence. We turned the Basel Mission into a fort, and owing to its position twenty men could hold,it against  2,000. As long as the enemy has no  artillery, it was absolutely impregnable. This took us two days' hard  work. ^We-left .a -smalls garrison, .and  started off on a seven days' march tb  Winn Biagas, on the Nfeel river, where  we expected to meet with opposition.  As Winn Biagas is on the Juande road,  the main column marched against it,  and we were to go round it on the  left flank.  The day and night before we got  there we met the Huns at a small  place, but strategically important, called Muin. Here we ,fought an advance guard action and drove them  out���������we- had previously found rows  of beautifully constructed trenches,  which were left untenanted by the  Germans, some considerable time previously���������and as our rearguard went  through we had to stave off a rather  sudden and ferocious attack. This wc  did  without  a casualty on  our side.  The last march wc did after that  was something appalling. We had a  river 4 ft! to 5 ft. deep, and go down  tlie side of a mountain, with a precipice ou our left which fell sheer  into unknown depths, along a path at  an angle of 45 degrees, which was  four or five inches deep in greasy mud.  We succeeded in getting down this  after eight hours, but we lost about  20 loads, which fell over the precipice. We then began to hear firing  on our right, and pushed on in order  to make our flank attack more effer-  tive. We reached our objective at  midday, and found ourselves in a  bush path, with rising ground oh our  righ_ and a steep hill on our left,  both covered with thick bush.  Ambushed.  Everything looked to be innocent  of Germans, and the officers went  forward to spy out the land. We  found in front of us a river, fordable  we afterwards discovered at one small  spot only, with a stoep high bank on  the opposite side. On our side of the  river the ground had been made as  clean as a new pin, all trees were felled and brushwood cleared away.  Through the trees on the other side  at a distance of not more than 450  yards we could see a' Blockhouse, well  hidden, and only discoverable by the  loopholes, and a series of 'loopholes  along a ridge. We stood put,;in the  open and examined the position, and  all appeared to be quiet and innocent.of men.  As soon as we found the trenches I  mentioned before untenanted we began  to think that this place, too, had been  evacuated by the Germans in order  to' support their centre which was  being attacked heavily by our main  column. However,, after a consultation it was agreed to bring up one  company of men, two . machine guns,  and a millimetre gun (mountain gun���������  a very small thing), and have a go  at the position before going on.  As soon as the movement commenced,' however, there was a perfect  salvo of fire opened on to us not only  from the loopholes we could see, but  from excellently-hidden trenches along  the.,bj_nk_^  We dropped like logs  and lay on our ~\  stomachs, knowing we were trapped.  Such a position is only possible in a  country like this, where it is a matter of utter impossibility to see or  scout your flanks. After we had taken  our breath we came to ourselves again,  and fired like the deuce at their position, which we could easily distinguish by the bursts of flame from  their rifles .  Enemy Evacuates the Position  Well, when their fire went high we  sent out men on our flanks and cleared the beggars out from our rear and  both sides, left and right. After this  we commenced to get round their left  flank, and after a jolly good scrap  lasting four and one-half hours they  cleared out entirely and left the place  in   our hands.  When we examined the ground we  found that their position was practically impregnable, and to this day no  one can make out why the}' left.  Trench after trench, beautifully hidden,- with splendid cover, we found  and on the hill on the left and behind their position in front we found -  accommodation for something like 600  men, and 50 or 60 white men. They  outnumbered us without doubt ^because  we only had 300 men, three machine  guns, and the little milimetre gun.  They, besides outnumbering us in  men,   had four  machine  guns.  An old lady at the market asked  the time, saying that the clock had  stopped. "Stopped?" asked th* other. "So it is, and my clock at home  is stopped, too. There must be a  hepidemic among clocks now." "Hep-  idemic, indeed!'' came the response.  "You ought to come to my home,  Mrs. B., an' then you might talk about  hepidemics." ''What? Is your clocks  stopped as well!" "Rather!" was  the grim reply, "I've a watch,three  sons, two clocks, an' t'owd man,  and a flock of chickens all doing  nowt!    Hepidemic,   indeed!''  /, THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday. April 7, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  X .:' X    By the .  . -   McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  MT.    PLEASANT   AND    THE  HALF HOLIDAY  ; There has been a. great deal of  discussion and many expressions  of opinion pro and con with regard to the effect the passing of  the half-holiday law will have on  Mount Pheasant as a business  community. The fact that over  8u per cent, of the employers  and clerks in Vancouver and over  !i0 per cent, in Victoria have appended their names to the petition for the law shows beyond  a!l question that the opinion of  this section of the community is  overwhelmingly in favor of. such  enactment. Similar enthusiasm  has been shown in every district  of the province. -'���������'  In the first place, it, is self  evident that if everyone was  compelled to finish shopping by  Saturday noon, an equal amount  of purchasing would be done, and  lib one inconvenienced to any ap  preciabie extent. The habit of  Saturday afternoon and evening  buying is indeed largely a useless  habit; although it has been made  necessary to many by their inability to. get away from their  duties at any other time. A com-:  pulsory half-holiday on Saturday  would relieve the situation, in  that it would release everyone  alike; , and the substitution of  Friday evening for ; Saturday  evening as a. week-end shopping  opportunity would no doubt serve  the interests of the housewife or  buyer just as efficiently as under  the  present system. X  ., As for the storekeeper and his  clerks,' the argument they advance is this, why should they  be kept working until eleven or  , twelve Saturday night when they  could just as easily do the sanie  volume of business by Saturday  noon if the shoppers would accommodate themselves to the situation? As it is they are only  too often too tired when Sunday  comes to enjoy the day as they  are entitled to do, and as for a  Saturday afternoon outing, such  is out of the question.  It seems, on the face of. it that  a general holiday on Saturday afternoon would mean no appreciable loss,, in the volume of businessJtonein^th^McaJstoxes, hut  rather an increased stimulus to  buy on the hill owing, to the  fact that no shopping could be  done.in the city on Saturday afternoon or evening.  A point of some importance  brought out by some of the  storekeepers is that a greatly increased church attendance would  result from the early closing  hour on Saturday, as, under the  present conditions, it is difficult  for a man who has to work till  nearly midnight Saturday to get  to church on Sunday morning.  Whatever step is taken, there  will undoubtedly be some shopkeepers in all lines of business  who will not be satisfied with  the new arrangement, and it is  to be hoped for this very,reason  that a fair adjustment of these  many differences will be arrived  ' at before too drastic measures are  taken.  spend money regardless of the  welfare of our. Own community  or'of whether a cent of the money, spent ever found its way back  to our' community. The financial  situation and the war have caused people to think as they never  thought before, and one notable  trend of public opinion is in the  direction of home buying. It is  a matter of. no moment nowadays that a customer insists on  Made in B, C." goods. The  public have found that it is part  of the duty of every rational optimist to prefer the products of  his own province, city or community to those of an outsider.  It is a duty, too, that has already  paid British Columbiana big dividend in dollars and cents, and  will continue to pay in direct  proportion to the enthusiasm its  people show in local products and  local stores.  There is just as much need  for loyalty, optimism and enthusiasm in Our local community as  there is in the city or province at  large. Mt. Pleasant has shown  in the erection of a modern theatre and in the addition and improvement of the premises of  many of its stores that times are  looking up on the hill. There  are fortunately very few business  men now who have not great  faith in the future of our community. It woul dseem, therefore, that a more lively interest  in and a firmer loyalty to our local stores would in' the end pay  us just such a dividend as the  'Made in'B. C idea has paid the  province. If every resident of  this district would, when in need  Of any household commodity, try  the local stores first, we feel sure  the desired article would be  found hereyat a price in many  cases less than is asked in the  down-town stores. We may all  feel the pinch of the financial  depression in some degree, but it  would not belong, if we followed  a policy * 6tJ> rational; faith: in the  local community, before this depression would vanish, to be supplanted by gradually1* improved  business conditions throughout  the entire district.  RATIONAL OPTIMISM  The business situation in Mt.  Pleasant today, and indeed in all  Vancouver, demands an attitude  of lively and rational optimism  on the part of every member of  the community. Three years ago  it was an uncommon occurrence  for a shopper to ask for a local  product in any Vancouver store.  There was here, as there was all  over Canada, a keen demand for  imported    goods���������a    desire    to  CONSUMERS' LEAGUE HAS  A SUCCESSFUL YEAR  The British Columbia Consumers ' League has been actively  working for a year, although  the organization was begun sixteen months ago. Thie British  Columbia Consumers' League today represents a membership of  8,500 of the purchasing public  pf this province. It has branches and members located in 167  ofthe post office" centres and its  work has been hailed by the  government, the pulpit and the  press as among the most important of all the many significant  movements which the stress of  this marvelous period in our history has brought into being. Like  all movements for the public  it has been misunderstood, opposed, criticized and condemned. It  has not lacked for enemies. Its  growth has not been easy and  felicitous. It has been an unceasing struggle, a battle for existence from its very inception.  The objects of. the Consumers'  League are:  To promote preferential buying  in British Columbia of the  goods vand products; first, of  British Columbia ��������� second, Canada  and third, of the British empire  in general. ���������  '- To bring producer and consumers more closely together for the  purposes.of mutual benefit.  To insist upon purity and healthiness in foodstuffs and the  maintenance 'of high standards  in all British Columbia products.  To guard the interests of British Columbia consumers.  To influence consumers to pay  cash, or, if not, to pay bills  promptly.  To influence consumers to shop  as early as possible and regulate their buying so as to keep  deliveries as few as possible.  The ffollowing strong   pledge  has-heen.drawn' up and it is this  pledge which 8,500   persons   iii'  this province have signed4    *.p'.  ''Realizing the importance "of  promoting the industrial and agricultural progress of British  Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be enrolled. as a member of the B. C. Consumers' League, agreeing to,advance?the objects of the League by giving  preference in purchasing (price  and quality being equal), first to  the products of British Columbia;  second, to those of Canada; third,  to those of the British Empire.''  The work of. the British Columbia League is not peculiar to  this province alone. The movement to educate the buying public to patronize the home product  is one which is taking hold i all  over the worlds Everywhere the  people are waking up to the value of payrolls in their immediate  vicinity, . and to the folly/of  sending money to distant lands  for the maintenance of far-off  peoples, to the detriment of home  industries. The most notable ex-  ��������� :"l  ample of the Buy Home Products  movement is Ireland, a land  which for centuries was a synon-|  ym for poverty. Today Ireland  stands forth as one of the most  prosperous sections of the weal  thy British' Empire, and it is  only a few years since Ireland  seriously began to follow the rule  of xbuying from home producers.  Today Irish factories are supplying the Irish people with millions  of dollars' worth of goods which  were formerly imported; Irish  factories are supporting hunr  dreds of thousands who, in the  ordinary course Of events, would  now have been living in far distant parts of the eWorld, having  been forced to emigrate owing  to the inability of their native  land to. support them. In the United States, home products leagues  are springing up everywhere. In  California there is a particularly  strong league which sees that the  public knows what is and what  is not made in that state and  whieh keeps alive the sentiment  in favor of the native product;  Work of the League    ;  It is difficult to realize how  large is the Wastage each year oI  money Which might be kept in  British Columbia tt. benefit home  people. The agricultural, department of this province has issued  a statement declaring that every  year we consume imported farm  produce to the extent of $22-  000,000. The Board of Trade has  issued a statement to the effect  that the province annually buys  $25,000,000 worth of manufactured" articles;which could be :; pjNP  duced here. This is a total ;of  $47,000,000 every year. This is  enough money to support 100,000  families in comfort. The people  of British Columbia have the  power in their own hands to alleviate the poverty which now  oppresses them. The League  was formed with the idea of educating the people to take advan-  take of this power.  If every man, woman and child  who has the spending of a cent  of money will see to it that that  cent is spent on a product which  is produced in this province, then  that cent will never go beyond  the borders of this province. It is  for this purpose that the league  is working. When the money is  circulated in this province and  not allowed to escape from the  province, we will have begun  to build up a 'solid prosperity;  In five years we could save to.  the people of British Columbia  the enormous sum of $245,000,  000.  The publicity which the press  of Vancouver has given to the  League has been of so generous  a nature that the League feels  its inability to express its gratitude and that its warmest thanks  are all too inadequate to properly convey the sense of the debt  whieh is owing to the newspapers of this city. In addition to  the four daily papers, the week  ly papers and monthly publications have all contributed many  'columns of. space to the wbrk;  -... The Leasee���������*'has;;many other  persons and institutions to thank  for assistance in carrying forward the work. Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., has constantly shown  a willingness to help the League  in every way and has, on two  occasions, takenN up questions at  Ottawa which were brought,to  his attention by the B. C. Consumers League���������From the an  nual report.  folly and grief from beginning  to end. It had done nothing but  harnv. Over ^10,000,000 fe^yeftr  he claimed was spent across , the  bar -in British. Columbia.,.-..:;It  would have been" better had: this  been thrown into the Inlet:���������there  would be fewer headaches, and  fewer heartaches.- '^'���������'  MUST BANISH LIQUOR  BUSINESS FROM PROVINCE  In telling a. large audience that  gathered in the Orpheum theatre  last Sunday night how the battle for prohibition was won in  Manitoba, Rev. W. J. Hindley,  pastor of Central Congregational  church, Winnipeg, a former resident of Vancouver, and more recently mayor of. Spokane, made  an earnest appeal to the' people  of British Columbia to banish the  liquor business from the province  when the opportunity is given  them to do so. He repudiated  the contention that prohibitionists are invading the personal  rights of the citizen and argued  against compensation. Mr. Jonathan Rogers presided, and with  him on the platform were a  number of prominent citizens and  leaders in the prohibition movement, including Mayor McBeath, Aid. Hamilton and Aid.  Gale. The choir of Wesley church  rendered an anthem and led in  the singing.  Mr. Hindley declared that the  fight for prohibition was the result of an awakening of the national conscience. Nothing stayed the progress of the social and  industrial life of a nation as did  the liquor traffic, and those who  had the welfare of the nation at  heart were going to beat the  saloon just as the Empire is going to beat the Teuton. It is the  business we are against. It is bad  for the man behind the bar just  as it is fbr the man in front.  Must Raise TWa Money  After the war it was estimated  the speaker said, that it would  cost Great, Britain annually the  sum of one: hundred and thirty  million pounds to provide pensions and other obligations arising from the war; but huge as  this it, it is thirty million pounds  less than Great Britain is pouring down its throat in a year.  How are we going to raise this  money,1 asked Mr. Hindley. Are  we going to raise it by foreign  loans, levy it against the product  of. the working man, or pay it by  eliminating the^^uirieXjS 7 strong  drink from our domain?  The speaker argued that the  claim for compensation would  not stand investigation. The liquor men had gone into the.  business voluntarily, and should  they be compensated for com-  mercial mistakes? It would not  be an injustice to those who had  invested. It was in/the interest  of the liquor man and his family  to get out of the business. The  invention of labor saving machinery had dispossessed thousands  of employment, but had there  been a claim for compensation ?  There is no compensation in the  new economic adjustment that is  taking place. The recompense  came with the advent of prohibition in the betterment of the nation and of the liquor man and  his family.  The Broader yiew  As to the argument that prohibitionists are invading the personal rights of the people, the  speaker declared that this is a  time to talk about the common  weal. There never was any right  in the liquor business, and to  give it up violated no right; It  was a stupendous blunder into  which our prosperity had led us.  If this is a time to question personal rights, what about the 500,-  000 men who are giving up their  rights to fight for us? The liquor   business   was nothing but  The CALL commends to the  careful attention of buyers in  Mount Pleasant and vicinity the  spring offerings of the progressive merchants of our community  which appear on this page. Neyer  has Mt. Pleasant been in a hei  ter condition to supply the  dl  mands  of. the exacting shqppei  and Certainly neyer has the spirj  of business reciprocity been.: moi  in evidence on the hill than it  today.   We have the opportiinit  this summer   to   build   up   pi  communityvto  the  rank  of tr  most prosperous suburban distric  of Greater Vancouver.   This et  be done only in one way���������by  determination   to   do   our sho{  ping right at home as much afl  possible arid thus keep our monej  on the hill.  \9>  V   '-:  a'.'-H'.  Canadian  Railway  THROUGH TICKETS ISSUED  FROM VANCOUVER TO ALL  PARTS OF THE WORLD.  The Popular Route to the���������  OLD COUNTRY, ALASKA, CHINA  -AND JAPAN.  Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the East.  All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.  For full particular* apply to any  C. P. R. agent or write H. W.  Brodie, General Passenger Agent, Vancouver, B. C.  COMING! 1000 IRON WEEK  May we set you at our Showroom pemorstra-  tiortsat CarraU and Hastings f& U? 8 Granville  NEXT MONPAY, APSU, 10th ANP  THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE WEEK  In order to convince you that a comfortable home may  be obtained by the extended use of the Electric Service  An Extraordinary Bargain ii Being Offered  Our new indirect illumination at Carrall St. is worth  inspection.  Special features, including music, during entire week*  CarraU ������2fc Hasting* Sta.  M9B Granville &U Near Pavie.  Phone Seymour  5000  (Compare Royal Standard  With Any Flour You  Have Ever Used  Observe its great rising strength���������how easy  it is to work with���������-note the big clean wholesome  loaves it bakes���������tasty, snow-white bread.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  4  is made from the pick of Canada's golden wheat  harvest, is milled by the most modern processes  known to science, is thoroughly tested before  leaving the mill for its baking properties, and  comes to you PURE, WHOLESOME, CLEAN.  Ask your grocer to deliver ROYAL STANDARD.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NEW WESTMINSTER,  NANAIMO |j^4SMi^.iutate;i:^������^j^^  '���������*<!*������mmt^g8ti  rjmagy^iCTvyTwagcf  tssmssm  tSWSk  TOday, April 7; 1916;  THE ^WESTERN CALL  pring Offering of Mt. Pleasant's  Merchants  DON'T GO DOWNTOWN to do all your buying.  We have JUST AS GOOD STORES IN MOUNT PLEASANT as anywhere in the city.  The goods are all right, the variety is good, and THE PRICE CAN'T BE  BEAT. We know this -WE'VE TRIED IT OUT. You'll know it, too, if  you give these stores a fair trial.  Here are A FEW OF THE GOOD SHOPS on the Hill. They'll treat you  right if you buy from them.  You Would be surprised to find what a fine selection they have.  BE A MEMBER OF THE BOOSTERS' CLUB. Help your own cause and  that of your community by resolving to "BUY ON THE HILL AND SAVE  MONEY."  Liquid Granite  A Varnish  You Can Scrub  Here's a finish so  tough and. durable  that you can scrub it  with soap and hot  water without harming it a bit. In fact,  soap and water only  serves to restore the  lustre and beauty of  the varnish.  liquid Granite is not only  an unexcelled varnish for  wood floors, it is excellent  . for use on linoleum and oil  cloth, preserving their  freshness and making a  glossy finish.  ..There .are   many  other  Sofitable uses of liquid  ranite we'll be glad to  tell you about ��������� if you'll  call at our store.  W. R. OWEN  2337 Main St.  Phone Fair. 447  People s Mission  157 Cordova St. J.  ^ Will be  opened on-Sunday -  Evening, April 16th, at 7.30  with   a   special evangelistic  service.  See  advt.  in  next week's  Western Call.  Support tbe People's Mission  P. Paxton. Secretary    Bay. 115X  J   1234 8th Ave. W.  LAWN   MOWERS  SHARPENED RIGHT  We make .any mower cut. We call  for and deliver.   Call Fair. 2526.  Vancouver Hollow.     2������������  /"���������'���������'_]���������'_-��������� "BROADWAY  Grinding Company ���������    west  WESTERN CALL ADS.  WILL PAY YOU.  R. J. TAYLOR  The Mount  Pleasant FLORIST  BROADWAY AND MAIN  Introducer  of  the  following  1916  exclusive  novelties   in   seeds:-  Taylor Strain  Asters   10c  pkt. :  New   Wonderberry,    fruit   from   seed  same year,   15c pkt.  New   Cardinal   Climber,   25   ft.,   from  seed same... year;  New Trust Buster Potato, early,  6 lbs.,   25c. .���������.."'.  New Aster, Pacific' Beauty  (Mauve),   15c   pkt.  Originator   of  Taylor   Strain   Pahsies  (Champions   of the   world)   outdoor  culture 15c   pkt.  New Sweet Peas Fiery Cross pkt. 35c  New BED SUNFLOWER pkt. 10c.  All   the   latest in Sweet   Peas   three  times the amount for your money than  down town and better quality.  I Know My Business  Funeral Designs   Cut  Flowers  Fertilizers, Etc.  LATEST MILLINERY  CREATIONS  from London  Specialties   and   Novelties   in  LADIES' WAISTS and Middles  Agents, for Cojlene Corsets���������cannot  break, rust or tear���������be sure to see  them!   .Open evenings till 9.  ACME MILLINERY snd DRY GOODS  STORE ':'  670 Broadway East  Who's Taylor?  The Mount Pleasant Picture  Framer :.: 2414 Wain Street  Several thousand feet of  moulding just arrived.  Call and see our  Unclaimed Pictures at  Out Prices  COFFEE  ^atFlKES  Good, Better, Best.   Stop Here!  818 BROADWAY P. (Next Dairy)  Phone Fairmont 1367  BUY YOUR  SPRING SUIT  from  R. PERRIN & COMPANY  Tailors to B. C. Electric  2343 Main St.  For the Very Best Fancy  and Staple Groceries  Phone  Fair.   1276  B. A. SHATFORD  254 Broadway West  All $6.50 and $7.50  Hats $5 Saturday  MISS McLENAGHEN  2410 Main Street  SPRING MILLINERY  A marked fad for purple and  violet tints is evidenced in the latest importations from abroad. The  tones of. the Russian and Parma  violet, the lilac blossoms in all it's  variations, are reproduced in  practically all millinery materials, including veilings and lace.  A. particular favorite in colors is  the rich,  reddish,  eggplant tone.  Touches of. serin introduced on a  hat of black deep blue or brown  produce a striking and original  combination. Field and roadside  flowers will be used to a great  extent, and quills of odd colorings inserted at an unexpected  angle will give the hats for the  coming season unusual piquancy  and charm. Silk and chiffon,  with straw .braids to match as  facing, make hats to be worn with  a period frock. The large soft hat  is one that will find enthusiastic  favor among the gi-eat number  of women to whom the style is so  well suited.  'The long neglect of the ostrich  plume as hat trimming gives it  now the prestige of novelty, "-'and.  the rise above the.fashion horizon  of the extremely broad brimmed  shapes calls for it in many instances. ' -     X  SPRING    GARDENING  A good many owners of gardens may be unable to spend  quite as much money this year  as v in former years in buying  seeds and plants for their garden  but everyone in Vancouver, and  especially in Mount Pleasant  should try to do his very bestj  both for his own sake and for  the sake bf beautifying our own  locality. The price of vegetables  and fruit will hardly come down  while the war lasts, and it is the  duty of every man and woman  to try to make their plot or lot  produce all it can be made to  yield. Every city lot should pro  duce at least half the vegetables  required for a small family the  year round. Money spent in vegetable seeds will, therefore, be a  good investment. The time is up  to begin, so let everyone get to  work. rJ  Sweet Peas  Everybody with a garden  grows sweet peas, of course, and  now is the time to grow them  outdoors. They can be grown in  clumps or in rows, In either case  the soil should be properly prepared j3eforehand.pig_ out the  existing soil to a depth of 2 feet,  fork up the subsoil, then add 6  inches of rotten manure and fork  this in. Pill in the dug-out soil;  mixing it with decayed manure,  wood-ashes, also 4 ounces of  bone-meal, 1 ounce of sulphite of  potash, and 4 ounces of lime per  yard run of trench, or per clump,  if you are planting them that  way. In this sow the seeds one  inch deep and 3 inches apart. If.  your soil is exceptionally good,  you may dispense with the fertilizers. It is always best to plant  distinct and absolutely reliable  strains of sweet peas in preference to the usual run of mixed.  The  Kitchen Garden  You can now make a sowing  of radish, beet, onion, carrot, parsnip, as well as peas and beans.  Asparagus beds should now be  forked over. A little lettuce seed  may be sown upon them at the  same time. This is the time tc  sow asparagus seed, as well as  mustard and cress. A few early  potatoes should be planted and  spinach should now be sown in  pots or boxes. If you have some  early sown tomatoes pot them on  as they require it, so as to get  good established plants by the  time the weather will permit of  their being planted out. , Most  people, however, will now be  making their first sowing, and it  is the right time for the amateur.  WHY LOWER PRICES  ARE IMPOSSIBLE  We are very prone nowadays  to pass off without a thought the  commercial conditions existing in  Europe. We say, "It it's too far  away to aeffct us." We should  remember, however, that with rapid transportation the world has  been made smaller and what affects them affects us. v  In view of these facts, a well  informed authority on the steel  and general hardware industry  has said:  "When a railway's steel rails  have lost from ten to twenty per  cent, in weight through wear and  rust they go again to the furnaces and are made oyer. The  same applies\ to plowshares and  many other articles of daily.use.  But for the last sixteen months  they have been annihilating metal at a tremendous rate. When  a solid shot is buried in the  jearjbh -. or sea it is lost to us forever.  The   same   applies  to, the  MONEY  SAVING  SHOE  PRICES  Ladies' Dongola Oxfords at  ...A.   .95c  ���������Ladies' Pumps, in Patent or Velvet $1.35  Ladies' 1-Strap House Slippers; with rubber heels 95c  'Children's Boots, lace or button, sizes to 7y2, at _ 75c  Children's Patent Strap Shoes. Beg. fl.25. Sizes 2 to 5  90c  Girls' Patent 1-Bar Slippers. Sizes 8 to 2.   Beg. $2.00, at $1.25  10 PEE CENT. OFF ALL CLASSIC SHOES FOB WOMEN AND  CHILDBEN.  BUY HERE AND SAVE MONEY  WOOD & SON  2313 Main St. .   X'< 2 Doors from P. Burns' Market  ���������i:  numbers of. sunken ships. A vessel  of 10,Q00, tons carries down with  her 6,000 tons of iron. In ten  days' time, 5,700,000 shells have  been fired by the French on  their offensive lines. This all  means we must go back to the  mines and produce new metal to  replace the store that was in the  world before the war."  ���������>- ��������� ��������� ��������� ** When the treaty of peace,  shall have been signed, every mile  of railway track in Germany and  Austria will have to , be relaid,  her bridges built, especially in  the eastern frontiers. We hkve  three facts*���������material destruction,  producing destruction, indisputable requirements. In pur opin-  Ifflfii_therefqre,i.we. haye :not yet  experienced high prices. They  are of the future. X  GROCERY SPECIALS  THIS WEEK  Purity  Flour .: 11.60  Royal Standard Flour      $1.60  Quaker Flour���������....__,...__...:.���������......$1.60  Royal Crown Soap ....���������...:..20c  Fresh Ginger Snaps, 3 lbs. .....:..........25c  Cherries,   reg. 15e, 3   for   ................25c  Fancy Corn,  reg.  15c ..................10c  Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 for ........... 25c  Lux,  3*������������������ for**. ...............'......;.���������:... .....25c  Kellog  Corn  Flakes,  3  for   .:....1.25c  Krinkle Corn Flakes, 2  for....;..*...15c  Quaker  Oats, 2 for   .....................i......45c  Fancy Coffee, per lb. ,_..:...__.;.���������.-245c  Extra Fancy Tea, reg.: 50c��������� 3 lbs. $1  5 lbs. "White Star Baking Powder,  reg. ��������� $1.00  ..........���������;........:;:XX.:.......75c  Mount Pleasant Grocery  The Money Savers  JFair. 713  ������������������'' 2345 Main St.  BICYCLES  Baby Buggies  Lawn Mowers  ���������  Ground and  Repaired  CLEAN-UP DISAPPOINTING  There is much disappointment  expressed in city hall circles over  the result, up to the present of  the clean-up, which is not coming up to the desires of those  who instituted it. Under the supervision of the city engineer and  the medical health officer elaborate arrangements were made,  and it is the fault of the people  themselves that the result has  been, in a great measure, a disappointment. All rubbish should  be ready on Monday morning for  the coming of the city men, but  many people have neglected to  get it .placed in a convenient position, the outcome being that  additional work hasbeen entailed and extra cost involved on  account of the collectors having  to retrace their steps so often'to  gather in the refuse that has  been placed after the first round  had been made. If there is a  howl afterwards on the cost of  the work it will hardly be fair  to the civic officials. The people  have been told repeatedly, by advertisement and through newspaper stories, what they should do  and when they should do it, but  they have not obeyed instructions.  Don't  Experiment  WilMew  Chick Feeds  Davies Repair  and Cycle Store  , Corner of  Kingsway and Broadway  DIAMOND CHICK FEED has been  tried for years and produces fine  healthy chicks.   Made   and sold   by  VERNON FEW) COt  Fair. 186 and fair. 878  We carry a complete line of Poultry Supplies, Pigeon Feed, Canary  Seed,   Etc.  Two Branches:  South "Vancouver, 49th Ave. .& Fraser  Phone  Fraser   175 X  -  Collingwood,    280���������Joyce-Street- -  Phono:   Collingwood, 153  VOILES and SILKS for SUMMER DRESSES ��������� VOILE and  SILK BLOUSES���������EXTREMELY  REASONABLE PRICES AT  Acme Millinery & Dry Goods  Store  670 Broadway East  A GOOD PLACE TO EAT  PURITY LUNCH  165   Broadway East���������Lee   Bldg.  Home Cooking. Lady Cook. All  White Help  FOR THE FINEST  JOB PRINTING  TELEPHONE  Fairmont 1140  or call at 203 KINGSWAY  Visit our  Soda Fountain  We  serve  all the  latest drinks.  The best all-round line of  .Confectionery and   Fancy-  Groceries in Mt. Pleasant.  School Supplies���������Magazines  Ferioflfoals  W. H. ARMSTRONG  Corner Eighth am) Main St.  CONGOtfUM  RUGS  ��������� We specialize on this  New Floor Covering  Also Blankets, Portiers, Lace Curtains,  Table Linen, Tapestry Table Coven.  Cash or easy payments.        Fair. 2512  R. H. STEWART CO., UP.  2607  Main   Street  SPECIAL  MEN'S   SHIRTS   $1.00 EACH  We have just opened up an immense  lot of MEN'S WORKING SHIET8  in Black. Navy, Grey and Tan Colon.  Sizes l_y2   to 17.  R. MOORE  Dry   Ooods   and   Gents'   Furnishings  2211-2215   Cambie  St.    South  PHONE FAIRMONT 74  for the  very  best  quality  MEATS and GROCERIES  L. R. Wilson & Son  232 Broadway West  Plans for the Home Gardening  competition this year are well  under way and are again in the  hands of. the Local Council of  "Women with Mrs. S. D. Scott as  i,  convenor. The School Board will  co-operate this year, for the first  time the teachers will visit the  gardens, in addition to the Local Council. Up to the present 360  entries have been filed.  Congoleum, made up in i the  form of floor rugs, is fast supplanting all other like materials  on the market. It is sanitary,  pliable, easily cleaned, and more  durable than the old time linoleum" It is as soft as felt, but  the filling is of a rubbery texture, and therefore, rugs made  from this material will lie flat  and cannot curl or kick up at the  fdges. THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, April 7, 1916.  It will be the aim of the Editor of this department to furnish the women readers of the  WESTERN CALL from week to week with a series of practical and economical recipes for seasonable dishes; and incidentally to suggest any new and attractive methods of serving them.  We will welcome any suggestions from readers of this page, and will gladly give them  publicity in these columns if;received'not later; than Mohday of each week.  MEATS  To broil meats well, have the gridiron hot  and the bars well greased before putting on the  meat. ..���������  In boiling beef, or indeed any fresh meat,  plunge it into boiling water, that the outer parts  may contract, and so retain the internal juices.  Salt meats should be put on in cold water, that  the salt may be extracted in the,cooking. In  'boiling meats, it is important to keep the water  constantly boiling, otherwise .the meat will absorb the' water. Be careful to add boiling water only, if more is needed. Cold water will  check the process of cooking and spoil the flavor. Remove the scum as soon as the boiling  commences. Allow about twenty minutes boiling for each pound of fresh meat, and from one-  half to three-quarters of an hour for all salt  ���������' meats, except ham, which requires but fifteen  minutes to the pound. The more gently all meats  boil the more tender they will be. Slow boiling makes meat far better.  '���������'������������������*  Boast Beaf "*' v t  The best roasting-pieces are the middle". ribs  and the sirloin. The ends of the ribs should be  removed from the flank, and the latter folded  under the beef and securely fastened with skew-  . ers. Rub/ a little salt into the fat part; place  the meat in the dripping-pan with a pint of  stock or,water; baste freely, and dredge with  flour half an hour before taking the joint from  the oven. Should the oven be very hot, place a  buttered paper over the meat to prevent it  scorching while yet raw: When the paper is  used it will need very little basting. Or, turn-  the rib side up toward the fire for the first twenty minutes. The time it will take in cooking depends upon the thickness of .the joint and the  length of time the animal has been killed.     Skim  the fat! from the gravy and add a tablespoonful  of prepared brown flour to tne remainder.  x../������������������*'���������  *   *   * xx  Minced Beef *  Cut cold roast beef into thin slices; put some  of. the gravy into a stewpah, a bit .of butter  rolled in flour, pepper and salt, and boil hV up.  Add a little catsup,, and put in the minced slices,  and heat them through, but do not. let it boil.  Put small slices of toast in the dish, and cover  'with the. meat.  ��������� *   *  Beef Stew  Cut cold beef into small pieces, and put into  .cold water; add one tomato, a little onion, chopped fine; pepper and salt and cook slowly; thicken with butter and flour, and pour over toast.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Boiled Tongue  -Soak the tongue over night, then boil four  or five hours.   Peel off the outer skin and return  it to the water in which it was boiled to cool.  This will render it juicy and tender.  ��������� *   *  Beefsteak with Onions  Take a nice rumpsteak, and pound it with  a rolling-pin until it is quite tender; flour and  season; put it into a frying-pan with hot lard  and fry it. When well browned on both sides,  take it up and dredge with flour. Have about  two dozen onions ready boiled; strain them in a  colander and put them in a frying-pan, seasoning with pepper and salt; dredge in a little flour,  and add a small lump of butter; place the pan  over the fire and stir the * onions frequently, to  prevent their scorching. When they are soft and  a little brown, return the steak to the pan, ahd  heat all together. Place the steak on a large  dish, pour the onions and gravy over it, and send  to the   table hot. \    ,  PRACTICAL BEAUTY SECRETS  THIS series of short practical talks on the scientific career* the complexion, hair and Wes was heoim  in the WESTERN CALL on February 25th, and will be continued from week to week in these  columns. /  Headers having any suggestion's to offer or inquiries   to   make   are   invited to   send  them  in not  later  than Monday of each week to insure attention.���������The  Editor.  SOME SIMPLE AND RELIABLE BEAUTY  BBCIPES ������������������������������������������������������<  When shampooing   blonde   hair great-^care  should be taken to rinse the hair thoroughly,  The-least bit of soap remaining on blonde hair  will destroy its brilliancy and its golden sparkle.  ��������� ���������   #   # ���������''.  In manicuring the nails it is always best to  use an orangewood stick with a  blunt point.  . The use of sharp steel instruments on the nails  often aids in bringing on the white spots which'  makes them so unsightly.  '.''' ���������'.���������*'��������� ���������������������������   ���������.. '  In massaging, the throat and shoulders to  fill in the hollowp, cocoanut oil is the best to  use. First wash the neck and shoulders in warm  , water and soap, rinse in warm water, then apply  hot towels to the skin to open the pores and  stimulate circulation. After this the cocoanut oil  may be massaged gently into the pores with the  right hand. ���������'������������������������������������      X  * #>*   *   *  Steaming the face tends to make it/dry and.  wrinkly.   It is much better to use the alternate  hot and cold water applicationr as this will stim-^  ulate circulation better than steaming, and will  also tend to harden the muscles.  A mole that is too prominent may be removed by tying a piece of thread about the roots,  thus starving the mole out.   It-will drop off in'  a few  days.  * ���������*;'   * ��������� ���������'  Liver spots on the face or skin of the body  may be removed in time by the daily use of a  little pure olive' oil taken before breakfast and  going to bed. The use of plenty of fresh, pure  drinking-water between meals, as well as of  fruits and vegetables will also be of great assistance. So long as the liver is out of the order  the spots will not disappear with external treatment.  ��������� ���������    ���������    ������  For enlarged pores there is nothing so good as  the complexion brush, soap and warm water applied at night, followed by hot and cold spray  to the face, and a thorough application of a good  cold cream! Pure witch hazel applied when  warm to the face will also be of great assistance.  The use of camphor on eold sores when they  are first seen coming on is the best preventive.  Cold sores are apt to leave a scar if not attended to at once.  ....*���������'*.*���������������������������..��������� *^  A good preparation for corns: 20 grains of  salicylic acid, one-eighth ounces alcohol, one  ounce flexible collodion.. Apply at night with a  soft brush to the corns,. After a few applications the corns should peel away.  ..   *   ������������������.-   ������   *  A simple manicure treatment: First soak the  fingertips in a bowl of warm, soapy water; dry  the fingers and proceed to file the nails gently  down to the proper length, shaping them to the  shape of the finger ends; clean under the nails  with a pointed orangewood stick wrapped in  cotton arid dipped in moist pumicestone; push  back the cuticle with the other end of the stick,  using the cuticle scissors to clip hangnails; then  scrub gently with a brush and hand soap; rinse  and dry; sift a nail powder on the nails and pol  ish with chamois. Following is a good nail polisher: half an ounce of talcum, half an ounce.,  of pulverized boric acid, half an ounce'of powdered starch, and 15 drops of. tincture of carmine.  ��������� ���������.���������*'. #'   * .. ' ,-  Bad breath is most often./Caused by either  bad teeth or bad digestion, and these causes must  be removed before any improvement will be noticed. A good mouth wash is made as follows:  Three grains of tymol, forty grains of benzoic  acid, three drams of tincture of eucalyptus, ten  drops of essence of peppermint, three ounces of  alcohol. Pilute a portion of this with water and  rinse the mouth thoroughly with it.  *   *   *   *      X '  Washing the face with sour buttermilk will  tend to whiten it and to bleach out freckles in  time. -'/     *"  .#   *   #   #   x*        ������������������������������������*.  Lack of proper exercise and overeating combine to produce most of the accumulation of  flesh, and if these causes remain, it is very difficult to expect drugs to effect a cure, although  they may produce temporary relief.  Deep breathing and thorough massage with,  cocoanut oil should do much to fill in the hollows  of the neck.  Following is a most effective astringent: It  not only tightens the skin and contracts open  pores���������it' any there be���������but firms flabby muscles:  ,-, Juice of. cucumbers . ..... .4 drams  Tincture of Benzoin  .1 ounce  Cologne ......'.,'. ... .,', .4 drams  Elderflower water ........... 10 ounces  Combine the juice of the cucumber with the  cologne, add the elderflower water and lastly  the benzoin, drop by drop.  Dampen a folded cloth with this liquid and  lay on face or neck, pressing it firmly down  on the flesh. , Every few minutes dampen cloth  anew and apply again to skin. When you have  persisted with applications for half an hour  call a halt.  Two such  treatments every day will  bring  about a wonderful change in skin  and  muscle  conditions inside of two or three months.  ���������   ������������������������������������������������������������������������  A home-made recipe for elder flower cream:  Almond oil   3 ounces  White   wax  5 drams  Spermaceti  .... 5 drams  Lanolin . .'...   .1 ounce  Oil of bitter almonds  .1 dram  Elder flower water  :.3 ounces  Witch  hazel  1  ounce  The juice of the cucumbers is obtained by  boiling them in very little water. Slice them  very thin, skin and all, and let them cook slowly  till soft and mushy; strain through a fine sieve  and then through a cloth.,  "������������������'���������������������������������������������������������������  - Scalp massage is the secret of keeping the  scalp and hair healthy. It is easily done and not  a great tax either on time or patience. The  scalp is loosely attached to the underlying skull  and when the scalp becomes adherent to the  -bones underneath and. will not move easily then  the hair will fall and become dry arid lifeless.  By massaging the scalp you keep it flexible, promoting a flow of blood to the roots so that it  will be properly nourished.  SEBASTIAN BURNETT  ONE of the most brilliant functions  of the season was held on Thursday evening of last week, under  the auspices of the Imperial Order  of the Daughters of the Empire, when  Mr. Sebastian Burnett, the celebrated  \ baritone, favored music-lovers "T>f this  city with one of the most delightful  and select song programmes it has.  ever been their good fortune to enjoy.  Too much praise cannot be lavished  on ,the exquisite, singing, qualities of  Mr. Burnett's voice. His tonal inflections and delicate shadings, together  with a remarkable volume of voice,  produced no small flutter among his  hearers, and those who have heard Mr.  John McCormack, were unconsciously  camparing the rendition of these two  singers, arriving at the conclusion that  Mr. Burnett is second to none in his  profession. He gave a most finished  rendering of some of the most difficult of well-known songs, which displayed his command of technicality to  great advantage.  The programme was somewhat unusual, being as follows:  Vittoria  Garisaimi  Prologue    (Paglacci)     Leoncavallo  Psyche ...Palndilhet  Plaisir d 'Amour Martini  Aminte    Weckerlin  The Bitterness of Love   Flower "Rain Scheneider  My Love Ib Like a Red _  Rose Macdermid  The Uiper of Gordon's Men Hammond  Bamba TJimbetta Sibella  Core Ingrato Cardillo  God Save the King  Mr. Burnett understands the value  of good, accompaniments, and has in  Miss Edna McDonough, a wonderful  pianist and. expert sight reader.  Mr. Burnett, who was formerly leading baritone of the Majestic Opera  Company of New York, and the Montreal Opera Company, of Canada, has  elected to appear on the concert rather than the operatic stage, and his  rare performance justifies his choice of  career. The people of Vancouver  take it as a high compliment that Mr.  Burnett made a digression tb this city  in their favor and their best hope is  that he received a sufficient welcome  to induce him to return again in the  near future.  OLD TYME CONCERT  A most unique and successful concert was held- Priday evening in the  Britannia High School under the auspices of Ward Five branch of the Red  Cross Society in aid of the material  fund  of  that  branch.  The   following   numbers were   rendered during the  evening:  Fyrste Parte  1. Ye Begyning Parte," Rule Brit-  tannia'' '.......> ...Alle ye Womenne  2. Tune on the Piano, *'Clayton's  Grand March'.' ........Abagail Makepiece  3. Songe, "Ye Banks   and   Braes"   ..-. .....Dorothy   Sweetbriar  4. A Piece on the Musicle Instruments .....Alle ye  Womenne  5. Songe���������t"Needles and Pins"   Polly Trotwood  6. Tune on the Piano   ..................'  ....;....... Keturah  Turner  7. Musical Sbupe, Betty Shoemaker  Bobby Shoemaker,. Prudence Shoemaker, Penelope  Shoemaker.  8. Songe  ;.....,.....Dolly" Dusenbury  9. A Piece on the Musical Instruments Alle ye Womenne  10. Ye Orchestra..  Seconde Parte  11. Songe-r-"In  the Gloaming"  Amarylis Heymoon  12. Hodge Podge, Pepperminto Fam-  ilie; Faith, Hope,. Charity, Arabella  and Araminta.  13. A  Piece  on  the Piano.  ...i I  Priscilla Stirabout  _lH.,_Irish,FolkeJ. .Songe,  .Solicity Snodgrass  , 15. Songe���������"JackJo' Hazeldene"  ^Gloria Fairweather  16. Minuette, Victoria, Hopalong and  Elizabeth Hopalong. .  17. Songe���������-"Lose Rose  of  Summer"  _ Abagail   Makepiece  18. Songe���������"Twenty Years Ago"  Samantha   Allen,   with orchestral   accompaniment.  19. Orchestra  All ye Womenne  20. "Auld Lane Syne" and God  Save the King" by alle ye Ancient  Singers and ye People on ye Benches.  Time Beater, Julia Highflyer; On  ye Spinet, Betsy Bobbert; Maide, Jer-  usha Simkins.  FINE SCHOLARSHIP  Every now and then some work of  profound, painstaking scholarship  makes .its appearance that renews  one's admiration for the patience  that avoids not the smallest detail  in the effort to reach a goal that, at  the best, must remain "caviare to the  general." Such a work has just come  from the Princeton University Press  under the title "Egyptian Records of  Travel in Western Asia." The author, Mr. David Paton, is one of the  leading Egyptologists of the world.  In the transcription of original sources that he has here given he brings  together the "materials for a historical geography of Western Asia."  The present large folio volume is the  first of the "Early Egyptian Records, ' and ends its research work  with the Seventeenth Dynasty. It takes  into account what has been done in  this field / by other Egyptologists and  provides an admirable .compilation  and analysis of their work. As an attempt to reconstruct the fascinating  part of Western Asia, Mr. Paton's  book is a monument of industry and  original scholarship. For the future  writer of popular history, and even  of fiction,, it' will provide a storehouse  of valuable learning and discoveries  along paths that are not often trodden in literature.  /  is the Time  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions/ and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.;  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  ^tb your office star  turnery, but with W  printed matter and  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 .KINGSWAY  -\ ^mmm  <\  Friday, April 7, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  My Australian Diary  (Continued from last week)  January 19.���������Reached   Erank-  Ira Junction at 7 last night, and  iotbred out to Hamilton,   three  Smiles away, to await the Auck-  md train for Rotoruav the cen-  re of New Zealand's world fa-  ious- wonderland.   Hamilton   is  [uite a brisk little city and thoroughly up-to-date. It reminds me  mch of Guelph; Ontario.      The  [tate. experimental farm, agricultural school, and model horse and  sheep breeding stations are located here.   The New Zealand far-  Imer seems  to be scientific- and  ���������thoroughly up-to-date    both    in  [his farm equipment and   in   his  (method of using it.  Left for Rotorua this morning.  I This 140 mile run is the dustiest  [railway ride, I believe, on earth,  I as, the line is laid through  old  I volcanic country all the way, and  [the motion pf the train raises a  fine pumice that penetrates every  [part of the car and covers the  (passengers with a quarter of an  inch layer of. it by the tinie we  reach Rotorua.   About noon we  rounded    the     base of  : Mount  Ngongatoa, and    there    to    the  south-wist lay the wide expanse  of Lake   Rotorua   and the   vol-  I canic hills beyond, with the little  [town nestling at the foot of. one  [of these hills J>y the lake shore.  [Steam   was   rising from several  [parts of the lake and we were  jimpressed* with the weirdnessJot  [the scene even before we reached  [the station.   The   tpwn contains  [a large   government   sanitarium  [and    the    most   beautiful    and  [splendidly   equipped public   and  [private bath buildings I have ever  [ seen.   They are built and fitted  up  on the  plan  of the  famous  European spas, and provide all  manner of hot and cold mineral  baths.   Allvvvater ;js j^i^plipdfrom  the hot sulphur and saline springs  over some of which, the buildings  are  erected. The most noted is  the Rachael water, a satin-soft,  alkaline'  sulphur   water   which  gushes out at a temperature not  far from the 'boiling point.  This  waterss also excellent for drinkr  baths are acid, and are too sulphuric to enjoy under a roof, the  water being only slightly warm  hyxiation. The Priest water  is milder but ie also acid. Thousands of tourists and health-seekers come here every year to drink  and bathe in the medicinal waters,  These baths have been used  for over fifty years by the white  men, and no doubt were used for  hundreds of years before that by  the Maoris.  At Whakarewarewa, a mile to  the south, there is an old-time  Maori village. Near here is located the national park where the  most noted geysers and hot  springs can be seen in-eruption.  There is the Wairoa geyser, which  spurts 190 feet of boiling sulphur water into the air. Close to  this geyser is a boiling pool  known as the Cauldron, which  starts violent ebullition a few moments before the "Wairoa starts  in eruption: The Prince of  Wales Feather is another geyser  which sends out a triple stream  of feathery spray to a height  of about 120 feet. There are huri-  dreds of pools and cauldrons of  boiling water,,cold water, boiling  black mild, boiling blue mud and  boiling sulphur. The park covers  over 100 acres in all anoV native  guides are essential to avoid getting lost among the maze of hot  pools. This district is called the  safety valve of New Zealand, arid  thirty years ago, when the awful  eruption of Mount Tarawera ocr  curred, the geysers were quiet  for many weeks, afterwards resuming their normal activity  January 20.���������Today will remain a vivid'picture in my memoryas long jas. X live. We joined a coach -party for the "round  trip," taking in the buried vil  lage ofxTe Wairoa, Blue and  Green JJakes, and the desolate  ruins left by the eruption of Ut-  Tarawera in June, 1884.' This  volcanic eruption, while not resulting in as large a death roll  inf purposes. .   The  Postmaster as those of Vesuvius, remains one  of the most colossal eruptions in  the records of history. It occurred as a result of terrific heat  pressure beneath the floor of ^the  sea, this pressure forcing its way  out at the weakest spot in the  earth's crust, which proved to  be the crest of Mount Tarawera.  The eruption occurred practically  without warning; and completely  BANBURY'S  For  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Hayview X076407f.  Phones: North Van. 3.23 and 103.  Seymour 336.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, UP.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  / and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  but   giving   forth fumes that if  confined indoors woujid cause asp- "buried  under  boiling   lava  and  ashes "a'. territory of .over   forty  square miles, including the vil  lages of Te Wairoa and Te Ariki  It lasted  from two  o'clock  till  a little after four in the morn  ing, and the residents of. Rotorua  eleven   miles   away, were   panic  stricken, although  they  say the  spectacle was the  most magnifi  cent one you could imagine, resembling  a  huge  aerial battle  At Wairoa we were shown the  top of- a few houses protruding  through the ground, the inhabitants of which perished on that  terrible June night, thirty-one  years ago. The wonderful sapphire blue and emerald green  lakes, both bottomless, lie close  together near the site of this buried village. Neither one existed  before the eruption and no one  has been able to explain their pe  culiar color. We crossed Lake Tarawera in a little gasoline launch  and walked across a narrow pen  insula to Lake Rotomohana, the  water of which is a milky color,  Here, we had an excellent view  of the whole side of Mount Tara  wera where it was blown off by  the violence of the eruption/ It  it a hideous sight, but there is no  sign of internal activity now. All  is quiet and desolate. Along the  shores of Lake Rotomahana there  are several "blow holes" where  steam is forcibly emitted at frequent intervals; and as we near-  ed the opposite shore the water  over which the yacht passed was  boiling violently.  From the landing there is a  four mile walk along the banks  of a hot water creek to the site  of Waimangu geyser and the noted inferno. The Waimangu used  to spout boiling mud .600 feet into the air at irregular intervals.  It is quiet now, but the inferno,  a deep;lake of boiling water, is  active enough for both. Before the  eruption this inferno was filled  with ice-cold water of crystal  purity. It is a weird spot and  we were not sorry when we had  passed on. During the last eruption of Waimangu several tourists were buried in the stream of  hot mud that was carried many  feet out of its usual course by a  high wind. ' v  On the flats just below there is  the frying pan���������about-four acres  of ground that is honeycombed with little pools of - boiling  mud and pitch. You can immerse  a piece of glass or china in one  of these pools for a while and  take it out coated with a beautiful black glaze. China fanciers  sometimes send valuable pieces  here for the guide to treat in this  way for them. The glaze and color are permanent. It is like dipping them into  hell.  Before the fatal eruption there  were. two sets of terraces, the  pink and the white, along the  shores of Lake Rotomahana.  These terraces, caused by the deposit of mineral substances in the  hot water overflowing the two  springs, were among the wonders  of the world. I saw a colored  photograph of them in Rotorua  but the originals must have been  marvellous.  It would take whole pages to  describe in detail all the wonderful/things seen.; in this round  trip, but I must not forget to  mention Rainbow Mountain/ the  side of which, eaten away by  chemical action, shows sands of  every known shade. We brought  away sample flasks containing  eighteen distinct layers of this  sand.  January 22.���������We visited a  large quarry of pure sulphur,  while at Rotorua, and could then  understand what terrific action  there must have been at one tune  within the earth to cause such deposits as these. We were sorry  to leave RoturAa with its thousand and one wonders. Even  though we had that fearfully  dusty ride -back to Frankton  Junction before us, we could not  forget the thrills and surprises  of the days spent in and about  New Zealand's wonderland, and  we, one and all look forward to  the day when we may return to  study it more thoroughly.  Reached Auckland at 4 p.m.  yesterday and registered at the  Grand HoEel. Today we went for  a sail on the Waitemata, over  towards the old extinct volcano  of Rangitoto,'which has not spoken for over three hundred years  arfid may not speak for as many  more���������or may tomorrow���������for all  we know. v  January 23.���������Sailing day. We  spent the night _ aboard the  "Atua" in order to be ready for  the early sailing hour bf eight  o'clock. An exquisitely beautiful  day and a smooth sea, the reverse of our firjst arrival at Auckland. We are out on deck till  long after the pretty red���������tiled  roofs and green bills of this truly  residential city have faded away  in the dim distance. Last of all  the sombre peak of Rangitoto,  and then the shores recede by  slow degrees till finally we pass  the Great Barrier and head for  the open. By lunch time we  have seen the last rugged peak  of New Zealand fade on the horizon, and then we close our minds  to the last chapter "and prepare  for our first 'impressions of Fiji.  We will have three days in this  tropical fairyland' to await the  coming of the '' Niagara,". by  which we are booked for home.  January 25.���������A rather light  passenger list, made up mostly  of civil service employees going  home after - a vacation in "Auckland and Sydney/ We ran into  the tail of a small hurricane this  afternoon thaf made deck life an  impossibility for some hours. We  will be glad to/get ashore as the  quarters are very cramped. I do  not think you could get up a de  cent row in 'our stateroom, and  two passengers '-* of ordinary dimensions could not pass each  other in the companionway.���������E.  W.S.  (To be continued)  HORSES IN WAR  The Russians are perhaps using more  horses than any of the other belligerents at the present time, says a comment on conditions. They have drawn  on the immense supplies of Siberian  and other ponies. They harness up  great teams of these small horses and  pull guns and ammunition wagons, and  supplies of thousands of things in advance and in retreat. Where these  thousands of horses work it would be  impossible to use motor traction.  On the same subject, Hugh Henry  writes in a .London magazine:  Since the stirring , times of. good  Queen Anne, cavalry have over and  oyer again exhibited their supreme usefulness in war. In spite of many and  changing theories, the horse has retained, if not his once unchallenged  pride of place in a great army, at  least a position of unassailable importance.' Time after time, during peace,  it has been hinted that his day was  over. And then, tried again in war, he  has given the lie to the theorists. Always playing, a difficult, and.dangerous part, the arms blanche has covered itself with imperishable glory.  Through the efforts of that great cavalry commander, tbe incomparable Ney,  the remnant of .Napoleon's army  struggled back from Bussia. To make  the attack, full of dash and "blooded" by previous successes', or, weary  in long-drawn-out retreat, to fend off  from the army the-attacks of the ever-  pressing foe, are the great duties of  the cavalry soldier. To carry out the  reconnaissance and the screening  movement, to injure the enemy's communications and hinder the regular renewal of his supplies, and thus to cripple his mobility, are work iii. the al?  most daily routine of cavalry with a  moderns army. X  And so. the horse has continued, amid  the ever-changing conditions of warfare, to take his place, in all the great  campaigns of the yorld. And so,  doubtless, will he continue to do until  cavalry have vanished.from the field,  and the power in war created by the  spirited union of horses and rider has  surrendered its supremacy to something  undreamt of today.  A Passport to the Front N  The only passport to the front which  is not fraught with a thousand difficulties is a simple little telegram. With  it a woman���������it is nearly always a woman���������can leave London, get aboard  ship, pass through Boulogne, and arrive at the front without any other  document. But it is not a passport  that any woman would wish to have,.  for that little telegram is sent only to  the relative of some soldier abroad  who is dangerously ill.  The church .army has a speeial  branch- which looks after the woman  who receives the sad summons. .The  army Bisters meet her in London; she-  stays the night if need be, in one of  their homes. She is escorted to the  train for the front, and is met at-Boulogne. She gets to the base hospital  and then-her dear boy sees her and  smiles .happily, and, perhaps, receives  his last promotion. But very often  these dangerous cases recover, and  there are joyous hours before the journey   home   is  made.  The war office helps women in very  poor circumstances, and the church  army frequently makes the way easy,  too.���������The London Chronicle.  Squirt?���������You say you are too old for  the army, and you can't do heavy  work. What  can  you  do f  The Weary One���������Well, wot's the  matter Wiv smokin** cigars in the  greenhouse to keep hout the hinsectsf  '' Would you do something for a poor  old sailor f" inquired a tramp at the  gate. \'Poor old sailor f" said the  workingman's, wife. "Yes, m'm, I followed the, water for, sixteen years."  '���������' Well,'' ��������� said the woman, *' you certainly don *t look as if you ever  caught up with it.  The   Kaiser   is   -now   definitely  in  Dufcch., ,  " Pride of the West"  =-������������������-= BRAND���������    ���������  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  x  :     .By;, ���������    ������������������;������������������....  ,  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods ahd the Money."  Boys Qo Vow (Bit)  Come, Boys, get in the trenches,  And show you've got the grit,  And prove you're British to the core,  And keen  to do your bit.  There ain't no use in hangin' back  You '11 lose your chance���������and name  By showing the White Feather  WithN excuses poor and lame.  Your own folk won't feel proud of you  And your palls���������what will they say?  If you keep hangin' round the town  Afraid to launch away.  Go, help to man the trenches /  And help to- play the game  To win, for right and freedom  And Britain's honored name  We'll win, of course, but you can aid  Then claim your just reward  As forth my boys���������all undismayed,  That   peace   may  be restored.  When you come back we'll grasp your  hand,  And slap you on  the back,  And say, old man, you did your bit  For the good old  Union Jack.  ���������Lt. Col. A. E. Belcher, Vice-President Veteran 1866, Toronto.  * *    *    ������.  A returned warrior, describing his  experiences in one of the huge vats  where thirty men tub together, declared that after he had been in it for  half an hour, scrubbing his feet most  of the time, lie came out to find they  were as black as before he went in.  i> "Blimy if I hadn't been sGrubbin'  another chap's feet  ali  along!"  * *    ������    *  No. 4 Coy. was on parade and as  the officer, came down the lines inspecting themen he noticed one very  shabby and mudbespattered private.  Eyeing his smoke helmet the officer  enquired: "How did you get it so  muddy?" "Oh! I was digging with  it," he answered, to the amusement of  those present.  * ������    #   ���������*  The world is going to the yelpers;  canons have given place to cannons;  the mitre to ,nitre, and Saint Peter  to saltpeter.���������Yale Record.  * *    *    *  Old Tuff says he's for peace at any  price.  Yes, he tells me his wife has her  own way.  Sport Sparklets  There never will be peace in baseball to' the pitcher until catchers stop  the practice of signing for pitchouts.  . .President Barrow of the International league, has fifty applicants for jobs  as umpire this season:: We have seen  more umpires; than that in the bleachers at Athletic Park many a sunny afternoon. - '������������������'.���������-" X';v*:,  Ottawa Cauda  PRINGLE  ft   GUTHRIE  Barristers and oMldton  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors,' Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Colombia.    ..  Citiien Building, Ottawa.  A/ fine bit of whistling to keep up  the courage. Professional hockey in  eastern Canada has no assets, except  a few hockey sticks, well worn uniforms and trunks to store them in,  The unsubstantiality of the N. H. A.  '' clubs "is its fatal defect. '' Rink  contracts" that have no existence and  players who can jump from Toronto  to Seattle as a whole team are assets  whose value is purely imaginary.���������The  Toronto, Globe.  Phantom Asset* of the NV 3. A-  None of the N. H. A. clubs will be  far in arrears and their assets in the  way of players and rink. contracts, of  course, offset their liabilities, particularly in view of the fact that_^the  game is certain to boom when better  times return.���������Ottawa Citizen.  A Wise Battler  The N. H. A. clubs are of opinion  that this would be a good time to establish peace with the Pacific Coast  Hockey League and you have to admit  that^it^is "a wise"~battler"that"knows  when he is licked, even though the  winner may be in no hurry to announce  his (terms.���������Toronto Globe.  ^HWWW  OCCQ  8TNOP8I8.0P  OOAL   MWINO .  BEOULATIONi  Coal mining rights of the Detain-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, tbe  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may. be leased for a term of  twenty-one years .renewal tor a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be .leased to on*  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by tbe applicant in person to'  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections,' or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate_ of fivei _centf jper^tpn^j==_  The person operating the mine shall "  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal min- ���������  ing rights   only,   rescinded   by  Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June, 1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  l\  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Le-'  gal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN GALL JIIE WESTERN CALL  I  The   Union dance   under  the  auspices of the local reviews'of  the Macabees. takes place this  evening in the Eagles' Hall from  9 to 1 a.m.  Next Monday evening  Mount  Pleasant Baptist Young People's  Union will have the opportunity  of listening to Mr. S. P. Miller,  familiarly known as "Baraca Miller." The subject will be "The  Believer's Standing and State."  Last night the Grace Class of the  Sunday School gave a surprise  Darty to Miss Olive Finch at th?  home of Miss Olive Alexander.  Rev. A. F. Baker, the pastor,  will preach at morning services in  the Mt. Pleasant Baptist church  next Sunday morning on the subject, ''The. first manjsaved."  The evening service will be the  regular song service. The speaker will be Mr. Taylor. Staten, one  of the Y. M. C. A. International  secretaries. Mr. Stattda is a most  forceful speaker whose fame has  gone abroad throughout the city.  Stricken with , an-   attack of  heart failure while passing- the  corner of Main street and Broadway, Mrs. James Baker, a mid  dle.'*��������� aged lady,; residing at 2602  Ontario street, died shortly after  9 o'clock last night en route to  the -.. general hospital. The deceased was'"'-picked up by Sergeant ,Waite and Police Constable  (41) John Cameron and medical  aid and ..the police ambulance  were hastily sumoned.  Women Versus Men  More than 25,00 women are now  working in France as porters, cleaners,  conductors or agents. According to the  "Railway Age Gazette" these women  are highly satisfactory. They are more  efficient as cleaners than. the men,  more courteous, and more cheerful.  Only two objections are found to  women inthis work. , One is that they  can't do a great deal of cleaning that  involves lifting the arms above the  head. The other is that they are not  afraid of trains, and run risks that a  map will not. In handling crowds and  baggage alike, the women officials  manage with less friction than the  men.  Sir Thomas Lipton has signified his  intention of trying* for the America's  cup again next year with Shamrock  IV., which was on this side of the Atlantic when war broke out, and which  is still here. If persistence, Roman  numerals and the well-wishes of the  sportrloving world hold out, Sir Thomas may life the cup with a Shamrock some day.. It would be a popular, victory everywhere.  Cobb, Mathewson, Wagner, Walsh,  Brown���������most of the stars have served their turns in the world series spot  light'* But Lajoie will never enjoy  this honor���������plus the extra kale���������and  there is a tall chance that Walter  Johnson may never get his W. S.  chance. That is, unless Griff can hook  a, few batsmen to furnish Walter a  tally or so to work on here and there  through   the   year.  A Whole Loaf  pf Health and  Strength fbr  YOU.  5c  14  Ounce  SHELLY'S WBAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values which make strength  and health. Hade pure, and clepn, baked pure  and clean.   -   ,   * **   '-'   ^'���������      r i*  BUTTEB-NUT BJU3AP  is the best and least expensive food'yon can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. Comes in sanitary waxed wrappers.  -X ���������-��������� ������������������'������������������. ���������-;'���������'        \\'.    '*���������.* ���������..:���������      "���������'  .  SjieUy Bros. Bajie Oveps  ���������Bakers of the poptilar 4X Bread.   -Fair. 44.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  Bead Office, W-V6> ������ower 3uiWiii$  Seyrooii|rf 1.836  VANOommB ; oahapa  SOUTH WBlaUNOTOlf COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds Of Wood Phone: Fair. 16M  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving:  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont 888  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  THE LION'S CLAWS  IN THE   CAMEROONS  Great Britain's first line offensive  fleet, an incomparable combination of  speed and gun-power, ready for instant  aetion, was inspected the other day  by a party of French and American  correspondents, and a correspondent  of the Associated Press of America,  from the bridge of a torpedo boat, was  permitted to review the unit, which is  expected to meet the first shock of a  German   attack.  "Blooded" Warships  In the fleet were practically all the  veteran fighting craft which have been  "blooded" in this war, but they  showed few scars, with the exception  of an occasional dent in their armour.  The pride of place was held by the  battle-cruisers, which, in engagements  from the Falkland Isles to the Dardanelles, have borne the brunt of the sea  fighting in this war. Unpopular with  officers and men before the war, because they were constantly coaling,  and never more than cautiously praised  by the supporters of the super-Dreadnought policy, these huge fighting units  hold the premier position in the British navy, which now worships speed  as the first and most important principle of naval strategy.  The review began as the launch with  the visitors turned towards the line of  battle-cruisers. Against the horizon  they could see the eyes of the fleet  in the form of a few prowling destroyers, which kept up an incessant  watch not only to protect their mighty  sisters from submarine attacks, but to  catch the first view of any venturesome German warship. Looming  through the mist could be seen the  giant tripod masts which identified the  fleet as including the very latest type  of battle-cruisers, ��������� and soon the launch  was at the foot of the boarding ladder of a huge battle-cruiser which, got  its baptism of fire.in the Heliogpjand  Bight, and later bore an honorable!  share in the Dogger Bank action.  Aboard the Lion  After luncheon the party were taken aboard the famour cruiser "Lion,"  which was Admiral Beatty's flagship  in the battle of the Dogger Bank.  With the exception of a dent in the  forward turret armour, and a similar  scar just above the waterline, she  displayed little sign of the terrific  hammering she got when three Ger  man battle-cruisers concentrated their  fire on ber. Carefully mounted in the  companion way is an 11-inch unexplod-  ed shell which the Seydlitz hurled  through the "Lion's" armour below,  the waterline.  The torpedo boat picked up a portion  of the party from the "Lion," and  some others from the equally celebrated "Tiger," which looks like a newly-  commissioned ship in spite of the many  times she has been reported sunk. TJ|ke  oilb'urning torpedo boat tore along,t^e  impressive line of battle-cruisers with  its civilized passengers on the bridge,  noting with interest through tbe mist  great ships bearing historic names  made memorable by their own feats,  which were passed in battle formation  as they expect to meet the German  fleet:"        ���������'  "'r    ���������*;_;" .;���������." ' '*������������������-���������'  Beyond the battle-cruisers a long  line of light cruisers lost itself in the  fog. Some of these ships are veterans  and show signs of the rough patrol  work they are called upon to do constantly, but many are newly. commissioned and have yet to win their  spurs. Speed, now the fetish of'"tlie:  navy, reaches its zenith' in these light  cruisers. Any of them could easily  overhaul the fastest liner ever built..  .Beyond the light cruisers was a small  flotilla of colliers constantly feeding  the hungry stokeholes of the battle-  cruisers, whichevenat anchor keep up  a-full head***;of steam," asj the^tufbines  may be rested*'.'but'' never allowed "to  grow cold.   ' X* _.* .���������������������������*���������.."*-���������;'..', J: *  Bait for Canal Boats  Scattered about the fleet were several destroyer squadrons with light  cruiser leader and merchant ships' as  parents. After sweeping around, the  destroyers the torpedo boats headed  towards a pre-Dreadnought looking formidable enough for .a layman, but  lightly referred to by the officers, accompanying the party as a third line  unit  or bait   to   entice   the   German  fleet into  the North  Sea.  .''.������������������.* '.'���������������������������..��������� !���������-. i:. ���������'  The   personnel   of   the   whole   fleet  seemed to be remarkably fit and eagerly interested in their work in spite  bf the uncomfortable conditions under  wh'������h their patrol work in the North  Sea is done. The junior officers welcome the coming spring and summer.  The battle-cruiser "Princess Royal,"  which was also visited by * the party,  had only two members of her crew  in the sick bay, both suffering from  injuries at football, which is played  with great zest whenever a field is  available. The officers occasionally  get some golf, but both men and officers must depend upon ship board duties for the chief means of exercise.  Ramors of the possibility of zeppelin raids on the fleet were rife, and  officers and me'nf expressed the eager,  hope that airships would come and  give, us a chance to test the anti-aircraft guns.  The last glimpse the party got of  the great.fleet was an occasional' flash  through the darkening mist as signals  were exchanged between various divisions.  An officer in a Gold Coast regiment  writes to a friend a very instructive  and interesting account of the operations in which he has' taken part. He  says:  ' It was then our troubles began. For  two weeks we cut through the bush,  forded rivers knee to waist deep, and  were literally eaten by mosquitoes,  flies and huge ants. It was the most  terrible march, admitted to be by the  most experienced of the old coasters,  ever made.  Well, in two days we got to  Sakbyenne which we put in a state of  defence. We turned the Basel Mission into a fort, and owing to its position twenty men could hold it against  2,000. As long as the enemy has no  artillery, it was absolutely impregnable. This took us two days' hard  work. We left a small garrison, and  started off on a seven days' march to  [���������Winn Biagas, on the Nkel river, where  we expected to meet with opposition.  As Winn Biagas is on the Juande road,  the main column marched against it,  and we were to go round it on the  left flank.  The day and night before we got  there we met the Huns, at a small  place, but strategically important, called Muio. Here we fought an advance guard action and drove them  out���������we had previously found rows  of beautifully constructed trenches,  which were left untenanted by the  Germans, some considerable time previously���������and as our rearguard went  through we had to stave off a rather  sudden and ferocious attack. This we  did  without a casualty on our side.  The last march we did after that  was something appalling. We had a  river 4 ft. to 5 ft. deep, and go down  the side of a mountain, with a precipice . on our left which fell sheer  into unknown depths, along a path at  an angle of 45 degrees, which was  four or five inches deep in greasy mud.  We succeeded in getting down this  after eight hours, but we lost about  20 loads, which fell over the precipice. We then began to hear firing  on our right, and pushed on in order  to make our flank attack more effer-  tive. We reached our objective at  midday, and found ourselves in a  bush path, with rising ground on our  right and a steep hill on our left,  both covered with thick bush.  Ambushed  Everything looked to be innocent  of Germans, and the officers went  forward to spy out the land. We  found in front of us a river, fordable  we afterwards discovered at one small  spot only, with a steep high bank on  the opposite side. On our side of the  river the ground bad been made as  Clean as a new pin, all trees were fell  ed and brdshwood cleared away.  Through the trees on the other side  at a distance of not more than 450  yards we could see a Blockhouse, well  hidden, and only discoverable by the  loopholes, and a series of loopholes  along a ridge. We stood out in the  open and examined the position, and  all appeared to be quiet and innocent of men. X  As soon as we found the trenches I  mentioned before untenanted we began  to think that this place, too, had been  evacuated by the Germans*,in order  to support their centre which was  being attacked heavily by our main  'column. However, after a consultation it was agreed to bring up one  company of men, two machine guns,  and a millimetre gun (mountain gun���������  a very small)'.'thing), and have a go  at the position before going on;  As soon as the movement com-,  menced, however, there was a perfect  salvo of fire opened on to us not only  from the loopholes we could see, but  from :excellehtly-hid^  the bank and on both flanks and rear.  We dropped like logs and lay on our  stomachs, knowing we were trapped.  Such a position is only possible in a  country like this, where it is a matter of utter impossibility to see or  scout your flanks. After we had taken  our breath we came to ourselves again,  and fired like the. deuce at their position, which we could, easily distinguish- by the bursts of flame from  their rifles ...' X   '  Enemy Evacuates the Portion  Well, when their fire went high" we  sent out men on our flanks and cleared the beggars out from our rear and  both sides, left '. and , right. After this  we commenced to get round their left  flank, and after a jolly good scrap  lasting four and one-half hours they  cleared out entirely and left the place  in our hands.  When we examined the ground we  found that their position was practically impregnable, and to this day no  one can makex out why they left.  Trench after trench, beautifully hidden, with splendid cover, we found  and on the hill on the left and behind their position in front we found  accommodation for something like 600  men, and 50 or 60 whife men. They  outnumbered us without doubt_ because  we only had 300 men, three machine  guns, and the little milimetre gun.  They, besides outnumbering us ��������� in  men,  had four machine guns.  Discovered by H. B. in a Seventh  avenue bookshop, on a counter labeled  "Popular Fiction": "How to Become  Beautiful," by Irene Walker.���������New  York Tribime.  WESTERN CALL, $1.00 a Year, astery.  * Oldest Woman Is 131 Years of Age .  Bulgarians have a reputation for  longevity. They boast of possessing  more centenarians than any other people in Europe. Among these is "the  oldest woman in the world,'' Mrs. Baba  Vasilka, who is, or was quite lately,  still living at her native village of  Bavelsko, which she haB never "left.  She was born of peasant parentage in  May, 1784, and there is no doubt about  her age because the record of her baptism is preserved at a neighboring mon-  Friday, April 7, 1916.  QUIETLY, QUICKLY, SMOOTHLY, YOUR  HOUSEHOLD GOODS ARE MOVED  Without any fuss, any disturbance, without breaking or losing &\  valuable furniture or bric-a-brac BECAUSE CAMPBELL: MAKES  A 'BUSINESS TO MOVE GOODS THAT WAY.  ,The big CAMPBELL '(Car Vans" are heavily padded inside ai  completely enclosed, affording absolute protection.   Only skillful, intell  gent movers handle your goods.-: AND the charge is surprisingly smaj  ������������������ X     Phone Seymour 7360 for full, particulars.  (ampbellS^  Oldest amp LARggsT in Wf-stcpn Canada  THone Seymour 2360  OiTK&857B^tTY Stoeet i  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture nanufacturers  *". Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhaifging and Kalaomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St.  , Vanoou  B.C.  Banish Corns and Sore Feet  in Leckie Boots  When your feet slip into a LECKIE they  feel at ease at once. The style is there, too, arid  wear! well just make your next pair of boots  LECKIES' and compare them,with any boots  you have ever worn before.  LECKIE BOOTS  come in all styles and sizes and your shoe dealer  will be glad to try them oh your feet.   Don't *  forget���������they're made in B. C.���������name stamped ,  on each pair. ,       '    -   ��������� 'A  .���������  AT AU* DEALERS  ���������M  \cm>r  x������j$i&&������A$0vm  GERMANY'S JtEBE&VE  The question of the. German reserves  of men is a very vital one. for the  future of the war; and opinions about  it differ a good deal. A calculation  ���������which appeared recently in the "Matin," argued that.the German reserves  would be exhausted .(save forsuch  additions as could be secured by calling up men between 45 and 50) by  about the end of April. The conclusion may be correct, but cannot be  fixed with certainty, for many details  in the reckoning, are necessarily guesses. We know the population of military age and fitness with which Germany began the war, and can calculate:  the_additioniVavailablei^sihee . by-ithe.  1915, '16 and '17 contingents. An approximate calculation, of the numbers  detained abroad aiuL of those .employed  at home in munitions and other indisr  pensable work, is also possible; and  most critics agree generally on these  figures.       '-��������� XX- ��������� * X*X"X'-;  Where they difler is as to the size  of, the German field armies, the number necessary for garrison and similar  work',''.'the number of casualties, and  tbeVrate of wastage.' The size of the  field armies is variously reckoned from  3,200,000 to 4,000,000;. and the number of casualties, -which conservative  reckoning puts at .%200,o6o down to  January 1, has been thought by some  to be perhaps half a million greater.  Both of these discrepancies, especially  the first, make a greater difference to  the calculation regarding reserves; but  a greater difference still may be made  by the rate of wastage. It is customary to compose this at 20,000 a month;  but the figure is a round one, inferred  from the losses over a long period, and  making no allowance for intensification in the latter phases of the war.  such as the recent German offensive  at Verdun.  The fact is, of course, that the  amount of casualties depends on the  amount of fighting; and last year; for  instance, the German casualties on the  Western front in the three weeks including and following the allies' autumn offensive, probably exceeded  those of the previous three months  put together. And such an influence  as the steady and rapid growth in-the  number and variety of shells fired by  the western allies on a normal day  must find its echo in the casualty lists.  Allowing for this element of acceleration, it may well be that a turning-  point can- be reached by the spring.  Germany has not yet called up her  1917 class; but as she seems to regard  about two months as sufficient for  training, that is not inconsistent with  her being within three months or so  of her limit.���������London Daily Chron*  icle." '' . ' ' *"**" "'  "-       - ���������-���������"���������*��������� '       "���������������������������-    _,  M  <P  att  WP WHITE  INSURANCE  Pow Fraser Trwt Co,  122 Hustings Stv W.  ���������^wfr "'���������  Vancouver Weather for March  For* week   ending April  4th:   Rain^  .45;   sunshine,, 34  hours   12   minutes;  highest temperature,  57   on  3rd;   lowest  temperature, 32  on  29th March.  For the month of March:  Highest    temperature,    53.2   on   the  31st.  1 Lowest, 2S.8 on  5th.  Mean temperature, 41.8.  Rain,  14,09.  Snow,   4.65.  Total   precipitation,   14.55.  Mean relative  humidity,   85.  Bright sunshine,   86   hours   24   min-  Wind, total miles,   42.66.  Greatest   velocity   in  one   hour,   23  miles, south-east   on   5th.  Mean   hourly  velocity,  6.9 miles.  Average    precipitation"   for    March  covering a ten year period, 3.59.  Average temperature for March covering  a  ten  year period, 42.6.  FOR SALE  Al Grocery, with well-established  family trade, and excellent opening  for delicatessen. Unusually jgood location on Main St. Small amount will  handle." Owner must leave city. Extra snap for man and wife. Apply  Box  33,  Western  Call.  "Judge Samson and Delilah or The  Tragedies of Life," a beautiful book  just published, by Curtis J. Beedle, of  the Seattle. Bar. For copy send $1.00  or check to the publisher, C. J. Beedle,  Seattle; Washington. '���������'*'" _


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