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The Western Call 1916-02-11

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 /  /   V  -4 ^/ -x   >������������������":-���������   ^'^J  >   ���������    XX    ������'.   X: Vxl  X**  552  653  )  *fe*V  ':vx!^  /  Published in the Interests of Mount Pleasant and Vicinity  X. J. Kttuii<tiy  S M. Ifclota.*  '-  Fnaenl'DiMctar v  T. J. Kearney 4 Co.  Funeral   Olnotoo ���������  ���������Bft  At yonr service day and   '  night.  Moderate charge*.'  ,. 808 Broadway Wast  '   FImm: Pair, lose  '      -S-4L  ���������.������    ���������  '"���������'. vt������  '* t 'V,  >' ^Xi  -?   X  7\   ������r"*'4.'H  ' \ J" VI  r ,*V  j  r������"/ ���������>.  - *<i<v_i  / ��������� ���������''-  4f.l"V  ^.  )LUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1916  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 40.  MOUNT PLEi^SANT  The secretaries of all Clubs  and Associations (whether social, religious or political) as  ��������� well as-private individuals, are  invited to send in any items of  general interest each week - for  publication in these columns.  Copy may be sent by mail or  phoned in, and should reach this  office not later than Thursday,  noon to ensure publication.  The Woman's Auxiliary of St.  [.Michael's church attended a tea  [,at  the residence of  Archdeacon  Heathcote yesterday afternoon in  aid of the Social Service work.  The Women's Benefit Association .of the Maccabees will hold  [a. Valentine dance in the Eagle's  i hall, corner of Pender and Ho  *mer streets, on Monday. Febru  lary 14, from 9 to 2 o'clock.  Mrs. A. C. Coulter, of 375 14th  avenue east, has been confined to  her home for. the past two weeks  with a severe attack of la grippe.  Mrs. Pettipiece,' Mrs. Pubman,  Mrs. Negrean and Mrs. Miller  have been chosen as representatives from Alexander Review No.  7 to the local Council of Women  for the present year.  Hollister Review No. 9 Woman's Benefit Association of the_  Macabees will meet in the K. P.  hall at 8 o'clock tonight. ,  The ladies' of Alexander Review are holding a whists drive  and dance in the K. P. Hall on  Wednesday evening, March 8th.  With the coming of softer weather some of the jitneys haye returned to their customary runs  on the Fairview Belt and 25th  avenue lines.  The Mt. Pleasant branch of  the W. C. T. U. met on Tuesday  as usual, and during the cold  weather, will continue holding its  meetings in.the ladies' parlor of  the Mt. Pleasant church, Quebec  street entrance.  The funeral of Miss Dorothy  [Young, daughter of the late Mrs.  [Young, of 2534 Burns street, was  [held, on-Tuesday from the.family  {residence. Miss Young, who had  Ibeeri ill' for some time, died at  Ithe General Hospital on. Sunday  Imorning.  Owing to the Valentine party  [Which is tb^be given, on Monday  evening next under the auspioes  tf-the Y.P.S.C.E. the usual Mon-  lay evening meeting'will be held  [on Sunday immediately after the  [evening     service.     -The    topic,  'Christian   Endeavour   Fidelity  land   Force," will be   taken by  [Messrs.  Geo. Lewis and A.  McCallum,  arid   a good meeting   is  promised.  The   pillows   donated  to the  Central South Vancouver branch'  of the Red Cross Society, which  were to have been raffled at (Hilker's store, Main street, on'Saturday evening, Feb. 12, will not  be drawn for till the first Saturday in March owing to the unsettled weather. . ��������� " -  .Councillor Mangel recently  drew attention to the fact that  a number of municipal fire and  ���������accident policies are due for renewal in the immdiate future and  suggested that before they be  newal in the immediate future  and suggested that before they  be renewed the insurance agents  in the" municipality be given an  opportunity of sending in quotations.  j >-,  SOUTH VANCOUVER  Mrs. Schick will entertain the  Helping Hand committee of Alexander Review No. 7 in her office  in the World building on Thursday afternoon, March 2nd, at 2.30  p. m.  Rev. Wm.  Rennie is holding  services at present in the parlor  of his home, 2705 Scott street,  every Sunday afternoon at three  o'clock under the auspices of the  FreeJ Methodist church. A Cordial welcome is extended to all.  The High School had to be  closed February 2nd on account  of the small number of pupils  who succeeded in struggling  through the deep snow to reach  the school. Only about half the  registered number of pupils were  in attendance. Engineer Bennett  had the snow plows working ear-  \y on the sidewalks of principal  streets, but on all the side streets  pedestrians had to wade through  two feet of snow.  Eighteen members of tbe Wo-  jmen's Guild of the Mt. Pleasant  [Presbyterian church will give an  I entertainment entitled, "How the  Club Was Formed," on Tuesday,  17th inst., at 8 p.m., in the Soldiers' Club, 233 Abbott Street, in  aid of the ladies' auxiliary of the  club. Those who have had the  pleasure of seeing this entertainment when given before say an  enjoyable evening is in store for  those who attend.  The owners of the Broadway  moving picture theatre on,  Broadway near Main street, will  shortly commence-^ the construction of a new $50,000 theatre on  the corner of Main and Broadway, diagonally opposite" the Lee  building.' The finance committee  of, .thet city council-has undertaken to grant a license as soon  as "civic bylaw requirements are  fulfilled.  While walking along Tenth  avenue early Sunday afternoon",  Mrs. J. S. Bradsen, of 55 llth  Ave. west, slipped on the icy  sidewalk and suffered a fractured  leg. She was conveyed in*the police ambullance to the general  hospital    '    ���������   At/ the first regular meeting  of the* new board of managers  of Mt. Pleasant Pres. church on  Tuesday, evening, John Riding-  ton was elected chairman, Robert Watson, secretary and G.  JW. Ledingham treasurer for the  ensuing year.  The death occurred on Friday  last of Ellen Collins, wife of Mr.  John Woods, .of 717 Lansdowne  avenue east. Mrs. Woods was in  her 62nd year and had resided  iri British Columbia for 27 years  anof for the lastten years in  Vancouver. She; is survived by  her husband, one son, Thomas C.  Woods, of the SS. Congress, five  sisters and one brother. The funeral was held on Monday morning to St. Patrick's church,  where a requiem mass was celebrated at 9 o'clock, thence to  Mountain View cemetery.  The officers of Ward V. branch  of the Red Cross Society are  Mr. A. P. Black, chairman; Mrs.  W. H. Ranson. vice-chairman,  and Mr. B. F. ,Croly, secretary-  treasurer. This branch is the pioneer ward branch and was organized by Mrs. Ranson.  The total number of garments  shipped to the central depot are  41,711, which includes larger  garments such as pyjamas, night  shirts, surgical supplies and socks  as well as smaller miscellaneous  articles and the total amount of  money raised is" $618..53. The  depot is situated in the Lee block,  cor. Broadway and Main, and is  open every week day from 2 to  4.30 for receiving and giving out  materials.  The epidemic of measles which  commenced during -the-' closing  days of 1915 is still raging in the  municipality and is keeping the  [health department of the municipal hall busy. During the month  of January 400 cases were re  ported and cases are still being  received at the rate of about  20* per day. Health Officer Plem-  ing., points out that a- "case"  on the books mean, a house in  which one or more cases of measles- has  been reported ���������.so  that  Seidelman, who' spoke on "The  Laurier and the Borden Naval  Policies Looked -at in the Light  of the Present Events"; Mr. H.  Keenleyside, speaking on "The  British "Navy"; Mr. Mills, "Imperialism"; Mr. N. D. Patterson,  who'spoke on "The Military Passion of Our Age,'' and Mr. N.  Hughes, who dealt ^witti "Patriotism. ''  Af*9  Councillor Rowling met with a  painful accident on Monday  evening last when he fell and  broke one of his ribs.  The young people of St. Mary's  Anglican church at 52nd avenue  are holding a Valentine dance  next Monday evening.  This thaw has started flooding  in jthe district between River  road'and the Fraser river. The  municipal engineer, however,  says the culverts are large  enough to .carry off all the surface water, and he has a gang  of men at work keeping the water courses open. It is not.believed that there Avill be any serious floods.  The death took place at the  family residence, 338 River Ave.,  on Friday last, of James,' second son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Stephen. The funeral was held on  Monday morning.  The municipal council has arranged to meet the school board  tage (this evening for the pur-  in the board offices, Cedar Cot-  pose of discussing the school estimates for 1916.  ������������������������*><?<  The military headquarters  at  Ottawa have declined to accept  ex-Reeve Gold's offer of a,site  for a barracks in South Vancouver during the war,0 but in a letter read at Tuesday night's council meeting from Col. Ogilvie, Q.  C. Military District No. 11, inT  timation was made that if the offer is repeated after peace is declared the matter would then re-  ceive the - department's serious  consideration.      X,   .    ,  The three Vancouver lodges cf  the Knights of Pythias, and the  order of the Pythian Sisters, have  decided to hold a union entertainment on Friday evening next  (February 18) to celebrate the  fifty-third anniversary of the  founding of the  order.  A large number of the members of the Mt. pleasant Presbyterian Y.P.S.C.E. attended the  quarterly rally held -in the Mt.  Pleasant Methodist church on  Monday evening, and listened to  a very interesting address by  Rev. Dr. Sipprell.. __'         Last night at the third annual  festival of the combined Anglican choirs of the city, held in  Christ church, the- choir of St.  Michael's church was represented as follows: Mr. W. H. Barton, choirmaster. Sopranos: Mes-  dames Willis. Vollmer, Dawson,  DeVaz, Nightingale, Lee, Mc'Li-  ries, Misses Cobbald, Stroyan E.  -Jones, A. Jones, Beswick, Firth,  Beasley O'Neill, KX Hunter,  Slack,,; Hart, Lockett, Fuller.  Ward. Contralto's: Mesdam.es Barton, Dyke Richards .ind Bain.  ' and Misses O'Dell, -V. Hunter  and Hellaby. Tenors: .'Messrs.'  Barlow, Clarke. Lockett and Ives.  Basses: Messrs, Pacey, Redpath,  Willouby,. Buckley, DeVaz, Spilling.-'Dawson . and. Barton.  )  Revival   services    are    being  held at the Mt. Pleasant Baptist  church every evening except Saturday, at 8 o'clock; Sundays at  7.30. These services are conducts  ed by the pastor, and the sii.'-*-  ing, under the direction of Sir.  II. ii. Horton, a. well-known loader of song services who has a  most winning personality, will  be a'special-feature. The Billy  Sunday song book will be used.  Everyone will be made at home  and a large attendance is expected at all the meetings.  Mrs.  Wilson presided at the  meeting of. Alexander. Review No.  7, Woman's Benefit Association  of the Macabees in the K. P.  hall on Wednesday evening.  There was a very good attendance considering the weather  eonditions. Visiting members  from the other reviews included  Mrs/ Kalenberg and Mrs. Hall,  of Queen Mary Review, and Mrs.'  T urnb'ull and Mrs. Hodgins, of  Hollister Review. Alexander Review holds the provincial banner  for the next three months, for increase of membership.  Mr. M. L. Clapp, of the Main  street shoe store, has just received a small snapshot of his son's  grave in France. The white  cross surmounting the grave is  inscribed with the name and  number of Private Clapp, and  the word "Canada." It was  placed in position by Lieut.-Col.  Hart   McHarg.  the .400* eases in January does not  represent anything ,:like the actual; .number of children who  ha*^- beehrinfected - and in addition he-knows of a large number  of other cases which had not  been reported but which he had  merely been told about.  The heavy downfall of'snow  practically compelled the postponement of the entertainment  which was to have been.given on  Monday night by the South Vancouver Women's Liberal Club' at! Writing from Hythe, Kent,  their rooms on Main street. The {'Corporal Richardson, d������ the 47th,  association will hold a St. Vnu  The new home of the Soldiers'  and Sailors' Mothers and Wives  Red Cross Association on Chester street was officially opened  on February 2nd by Mr. Charles Macdonald, Liberal candidate for South Vancouver. The  home is also to be used as a rest  for returned soldiers,. and among  those present at the opening  ceremony that night were Private  Flack, who was formerly a constable in South Vancouver, and  Private Morenoo, both of whom  The   choir   of   Mt. ; Pleasant  Presbyterian church gave a concert, in the Y.M.C.A. building at  Hastings Parly on Thursday  evening for the benefit of the  soldiers of the 62nd and 72nd regiments. About 45 members of  the choir were present and an audience of'ov.r 500 soldiers voiced their appreciation of. the entertainment in the usual way.-.  By the prompt action of P. C.  Walker, of the Mt. Pleasant force,  what might have been a most  serious fire in "That New Store"  in the Lee. Building;'was, extinguished .with only slight damage.  P. C. Walker discovered the .fire  at 6 a.m. on Saturday as it was  eating its-way up the wall, and  by "hard work put it out. It "had  probably been smouldering: all  night, and it appeared-'to have  started from the radiator igniting a box of matches which" had  fallen behind it-  have , been invalided home.  A nicely arranged dance programme was preceded by the  following musical programme,  every item of which was greatly  enjoyed by a capacity audience:  Pianoforte solo, Mis^s Batchelor;  song, "The Garden of Roses,"  Miss Smith; burlesque lecture on  "Little Miss\'M>ff at,'���������' Mr. Carr���������  song, "Darby and Joan," Mrs:  Dravor, and song, "Angus Macdonald." by Mrs. Batchelor.  Brief addresses were also delivered by Councillor' James, who  acted as chairman and by Coun  cillor   Pollock.  entine dance on Monday evening,  and in March it is expected that  a grand ball will" be~ Held in  Kalenberg hall.  Miss Annie Dwyer, who has for  the past four years been employed as a stenographer in the  tax collector's office in South  Vancouver, has resigned her position to take up a position as a  clerk with the Royal Bank at  its head office in Vancouver.  Miss Dwyer is one of the first  female clerks to be employed by  the bank.  Mr. R. Hamilton, a freshman,  was the winner of the first prize,  a gold medal, at the oratorical  contest in the University of British Columbia on February  second. His subject was "Peace  and the Present War." Mr. Ji.  Miller, a fourth year -student,  captured the silver medal. The  judges/were Prof. Wood, Rev.  Di"? MacKay and Mr."Harold.Nelson Shaw.  This was the first of. the annual oratorical contests that are  to be given. In the future each  year the University .will-, hold  such an event to encourage the  scholars to take up the art of  speaking. Every year a gold and  a' silver medal will be awarded.  The  other contestants were: Mr.  In a letter to his brother-in-  law, Motorman W. Beattie, ofthe  B. C. Electric Railway, Albert  A. Vincent, of the Pioneers Corps, formerly employed by the C.  P.R. in Vancouver, after stating  that he is now in a hospital in  England suffering from rheumatism, tells of a narrow escape he  had while at the front from German shell fire. "About 3 o'clock  one afternoon," he says: "I had  gone for some water to a well  about 200 yards to the rear.  There were a number of French  marines close by, in a building  with walls about 14 feet thick,  and they had lit a fire in a big  'Jack Johnson' hole. There was  heavy smoke going up, which attracted the attention of tlie Germans. I got the water and was  on my way back across an open  field when'I heard a shell coining.  I stopped and looked up just  as it burst, and in a moment it  Battalion, formerly of the , local  engineering department," states',  that he has passed the machine-  gun 'examination as a first-class  gunner and first-class machine  gun instructor, and is now held  at the base in readiness to pro-  ced to France at any time. He^  mentioned that there has been  a movement of machine gunners,  bomb-trdowers and artillerymen  to the continent recently.  * y *   "t ~  .1  .������  Tbe officers of the South Vancouver Soldiers' and Sailors' Mo-~  thers and Wives Auxiliary are  Mrs. Jennie McDonald, chairman;  Mrs. E. Dumbrell, vice-chairman, and Mrs. Norah Leavy (succeeding Mrs. A. E. Narroway),  secretary treasurer. This auxiliary consists of the women relatives, of men at the front, and  has a large membership drawn  from the residents of \ South Van-'  couver. Since the recent formation of this unit the work done  by its members has been gratifying-   :.  was all around > me.   lashing  up  the ground at my feet. A Frenchman in front of me got a piece  of shell in the back;of his head.  I and a comi-ade of his grabbed  him and got him under cover  just as three shells weighing over  1.00 lbs. each came along and you  can take it from me they made  the dust fly. The Germans kept  that up for half an hour, shelling the place all round. They,  drove our fellows out and some  of them had.mighty close caljs.  My. comrades all were sure, that  I had been hit, being, in the  open, but my'luck was with, me  that day.'' ���������  ''I am satisfied that the statements in the document before  the court--are false, and that the  accused knew they were false  when, he made theni. I accordingly find him guilty." In  these words Judge Melnnes disposed of the trial of Mr. Spencer Robinson, of .South Vancouver, on a charge of making false  statements under oath before a  notary public. The prisoner was  given his freedom ..on. a suspended sentence, providing he  carried out, his intention of going to,the front with the overseas contingent.  Canvassers Wanted  Wanted at Once���������Several i  young ladies of good address to work for the  WESTERN CALL. Any  young lady can earn from  two to four dollars a day.  Exclusive territory given.  Apply in- person at 203  Kingsway.  'A ____HE WESTERN CALL  Friday, February 11. 191(  Chedo Mingatovich, former  minister to Great, Britain, who  is now in America seeking aid  for his hungry and homeless  compatriots, says they are fighting to preserve their sound democracy.  Chedo Mingatovich is 74 years  old and has been in the 'service  of his government for more than  forty-three years. Now, being too  old to fight, he has been sent to  the United States partly to aid  in the work of getting relief for  his people, partly to interest  them in the future of Serbia as  a sovereign state.   '   ��������� '   .   ,  Avoids Expensive Hotels  He was   perfectly   willing to  talk   about   both   parts   of   his  mission. But first he said, with  an apologetic  glance around his  rather luxurious  quarters:  "We  have not got to work yet, for I  must find a place to live. I cannot stay in  this  hotel after  today, for I am here to get help  for those who are starving.     It  is not consistent for me to live  in such a place when on such, an  errand"���������an unusual  and  unsolicited answer to a question that  probably is often thought, even  when  not  asked,   in   connection  with philanthropic enterprises.  It was in 1873 that Serbia ad  opted her present land laws when  Mingatovich was Minister of Finance.  Every Man  a Landowner  "Yes," he said, in reply to the  suggested question about the land  "our democracy, is sure because  of its solid foundation. In organizing our system we provided  that almost every man in the  country should be the proprietor  of some^land, and there is also  a provision by which a certain  amount of land, together with  cattle and tools needed in agriculture, shall be secure against  execution by law. No man in Serbia can be deprived of his home  or his means of livelihood. So,  our people, being economically  independent, are politically independent and therein is our democracy.  "That is what we are fighting  now to preserve, I hope, of  course I do not know, that the  end will come within six months,  with a decisive victory for the allies. It' will be a victory on the  land, not on the sea, and it will  be in the east, with the Russians as the victors. If the victory does not come in six months  it will never come, for the war  cannot go into the third year."  "Do you mean that if the al-  \        *%���������'  X  Buy Vancouver Real  .Estate at these Prices  =NEVER AGA1N=  SUCH SACRIFICES  LOTS  Fourth Avenue Carline���������33 feet near Trutch St., formerly  held at $4,500,  for $1,600, on terms.  Kitsilano���������Two 33 ft.  lots,  cleared,  on llth  Avenue,  for  merly held at $1,200 each,, for  $350  each.  Strathcona Heights���������50 ft. lot, magnificent view, on  25th  Avenue, held - at $2,200, for $750, on terms.  Burnaby���������Fine high Jot, near 17th Avenue and Laurel St.,  assessed  at  $300,  for  $90.00.  Point Grey���������33 ft. lot on the hill near 22nd and Dunbar '  St., a great  buy at  $350.  Fairview���������50 ft. lot on llth Ave., near Pine Street. Cost  owner $3,300.   Sell for $900.  Point Grey���������33 ft. on 18th Ave. near Highbury Street, on  top of the hill, for  $300.  Point Grey���������70 by 122 ft. on 21st Ave., near Crown  St.,  for $300.  South Vancouver���������A few Lots  on 66th and 67th Avenue  for $70100   each.    -  Burnaby���������122 by 122 ft., near corner River Ave. and Gilley  Avenue on the hill, fine view, southern  exposure, for  $225.00.  ACREAGE  Burnaby-1���������2.35 acres  on  Bumble Road, on the sunny  sou-  them" slope-. Dirt cheap at" $1,150." On termsT  Lulu  Island���������4  acres  at  Garden City,   cleared, richest   of  soil. Cost owner $320 per acre 8 years ago. Sell the 4  acres for $700.00,  Langley���������5 Acres near Milner Station, has all been under  cultivation.   Cost $300 per acre.   The whole for $650.  Gibson's  Landing���������10  Acres  on the Government  Road,  3  miles from   the landing.   Good   land.   Creek   running  through, all  for $350.00.  Burnaby���������-4.24 Acres, with long frontage on the B. C. E.  R. near Jubilee. Station. A grand property with a  great future, improved. $35,000 was one time refused  for this same property. Can be bought today for  $6,500. '  Coquitlam���������20 Acres of the" very best soil, 21-2 miles  north of Coquitlam.City, half mile from school, light  clearing. Owner paid over $500 per acre as a subdi  vision proposition. Sell to-day for $100 per acre on  terms.  Burnaby���������1 3-4 acres at Central Park, very cheap at $1,500.  HOUSES  Point Grey���������On Wilson Road carline, neat little 3-room  cottage,  on  lot 33.7 by  298.9 feet deep, all  improved,  " chicken house and runs. Formerly held at $3,300. Today   for   $1,350.  Fairview���������-Quebec St., 5 room modern cottage, fireplace,  built in buffet, pannelled walls, etc., for $1,500 on  terms.  Kitsilano���������6-room modern house on lot 66 by 132 feet, with  fireplace, hardwood floors, furnace,* bath and toilet sep'-!  arate,  former value was  $6,000.   Sell  for $3,150.  Fairview���������8 rooms, hardwood floors, hot water .heat, all  fully modern, lot 50 ft. by 120, on 12th Avenue, near  Granville St.   Owner paid $9,000. Sell for $6,000.  Fairview���������7  rooms, hot water heat, hardwood floors,  fireplace, full  50 ft.  lot,  on  10th Ave., the best  part,  a ^  $9,000. home for $5,500,  including a $3,400 7 1-2 per cent,  mortgage.  Fairview���������8 rooms and one on the 3rd floor, hot water  heat, garage, nice grounds, on llth Ave., near Yukon  Street. Formerly held at $10,000. Sell now for $6,000  on terms.  ALLAN BROS.  510 Pender St, West Phone Sey. 2873  Real Estate, Insurance and Mining  lies do not win in six months the  Germans and the Austrians  will"  "Oh, no, never that. It will  be victory for the allies in six  months or a drawn war. I' will  not suppose the Teutonic victory.  I cannot imagine it. If we win,  Serbia will realize her great national and political ideals and  unite with herself all the other  Serbian, and South Slavonic provinces ���������: Bosnia, Herzegovina,  Dalmatio, Croatia, and Slavonia.  We all belong together, and our  ideal is the reunion into a great  Slav State with a homogeneous  population of fourteen million  happy people.  "If the Allies do not win, if it  is a draw, Austria will keep our  provinces, those provinces which  should be ours, but give Serbia  access to the Adriatic. We may  lose Macedonia, but, aside from  that, keep all our territory. I do  not think it will be a draw."  , Will Not Renew War  '' Would a draw mean merely  a lull in the fighting, and then a  renewal of the war?"  "No, the war will not be renewed. Both sides are too eager  for permanent peace. Peace will  be indispensable for all the governments now involved. But. it is  also true that there can be no  renewal of the Balkan alliance  for generations to come. The Serbians will not be able to forget  for many years how the Bulgarians have treated them."  No Separate Peace  When asked how significant he  considered the reported surrender of Montenegro, and whether  the example of that country in  suing for a separate peace would  have many followers, he replied, "there will be no  other separate peace. If Montenegro had surrendered it would  have had but*little military significance, for she had an army of  only 35,000 men. But the moral  effect would be enormous and  very unfavorable. It would depress ' the people of Bosnia and  Herzegovina, who have always  thought of the Montenegrins as  invincible. It would have a bad  effect in Russia, for the Russians  have believed the little nation to  be invincible, and Russia has  supported Montenegro since the  time of Peter the Great. And the  surrender would greatly strengthen the pro-German party in  Greece  and  Rumania.  People Want No Surrender  "The surrender, which, I understand, has been denied, was  naturally attributed to the King;  the people do not want to yield,  neither__does_the army. I should  regret very much if poor old  King Nicholas felt that he must  surrender. It would be far better if he were utterly crushed,  if he were killed himself on the  field and his army annihilated.  "But he is an old man, 75  years, a year older than I, and  we have been good friends for  many years. But it would be better for him to be annihilated  before yielding in his despair to  Austria.  Montenegrins Starving  "I cannot defend his act if he  has. surrendered, but it is only fair  to King Nicholas to remember the  circumstances of his country. Let  me tell you some of the things  that1 made the brave old man  lose courage. The Montenegrins  are a starving people always.  They have almost no food even  in normal times of peace, and  now they have been fighting  without rest since October. 1912.  They have lost their men, all  their best warriors. They have  spent their last cent for provisions and used up all their ammunition. We must remember all  these things, but it would be better for the King to be killed* in  the field.  Should Save Montenegro  "I do not understand why the  navies of the Allies do not save  Montenegro. They could do it if  the Italian fleet and the squadrons of French and English,ships  would attack the Austrians at  Cattaro.  "By the terms of the separate treaty of peace Austria  would take the great mountain  of Lovcen away from Montenegro, for it towers above her port  of Cattaro, and would make it  invincible. But if the allies win  in the end, the treaty of Montenegro would not count. lt  would have to be revised and  made a part of the great treaty  for all the countries concerned,  and then Austria would not be  allowed to keep Montenegro's  great mountain." -  TRUST COMPANY CHARGES  Charges for Trust Company- service are usually the same as would  be allowed for similar service by an individual. They are never  more. Trust Company service excels that rendered by individuals;  not in expense, but in effectiveness.  North West Trust Company, Limited  E. B. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  509  EICHAEDS  STBEET.  PHONE, SEY.  7467  at  JITNEYS CUT DEEP  INTO TRAM RECEIPTS  The "jitney" traffic cut deep  into the earnings of the British  Columbia Electric Railway last  year. By the activities of this new  form of. transportation, as well  as 'for other reasons, the B. C.  Electric last year paid the city  less than half of the city's commission of the previous year. The  city's percentages on collections  fell from just under $70,000 in  1914, to $32,312.57. The number  of passengers carried compared  as follows: 37,500,575 in/1914;  $5,956,093 in  1915.  The   percentages   for   the two  years are as follows:  1914 1915  January  $2,766.29 $1,816.18  February      3,430.21 1,414.50  March    ;  4,674.48 2,167.83  April      5,209.08 2,081.26  May     6,675.48 2,481.57  June      6,495.97 2,700.66  July     6,959.08 2,828.26  August ,  ..... 6,956.33 3,251.22  September  7,003.31 - 3,140.75  October     6,710.98 3,292.85  November   6,145.51 3,323.14  December     6,476.04 3,814.35  Total    $69,503.01   $32,312.97  ���������f  WILL STUDY   WILD   LIFE  NEAR THE EQUATOR  A new departure in methods of  scientific research is to be made  by C. William Beebe, curator of  birds at the Zoological Park, New  York.  Mr. Beebe is visiting Trinidad  and British Guiana to observe,  rather than collect, specimens of  wild life in the tropics. Plans  for Mr. Beebe's expedition were  announced' at the twenty-second  annual meeting of the New York  Zoological Society a week ago.  Mr. Beebe is to have as his aids  Inness Hartley, a grandson of  the landscape painter, George  Inness; Paul G. Howes,' an expert in microphotography, and  Donald Carter.  Mr. "Beebe" has set down as  the guiding rule in his trip to  South America the principle that  facts, not dead and bottled specimens, are to be gathered by  him and his assistants. Georgetown, British Guiana, has been  selected as his headquarters.  With the permission of the governor, Mr. Beebe will establish  the station in a bungalow and  make his province the wild life  within a radius of 500 miles of  Georgetown.  Old Methods Inadequate  "While our knowledge of. certain kinds of wild life is good  and sound as far as it goes,"  said Mr. Beebe, "the main fault  to be found with it, and one of  the reasons which make constant broadening of the field of  research necessary, is that the  old methods generally have  stopped at an examination of the  dead bodies of specimens, carefully laid out to view in unsightly  bottles. An improvement in the  course of scientific observation  came with the establishment of  zoos, where the animals could be  studied in captivity. But the fact  that specimens are not living  their normal lives as we see them  behind iron bars in a cage has  never been taken at its true  value.  "I hold that the only truly  scientific ,way to  gain  a know  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  " Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5S per  cent,  to "7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  '  Investments made on First Mortgage "and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers '   Liability. ���������.  Molson's Bank Building 543 HajrtingB St. West  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY # CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and  Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND KETAIL.  ledge of the������whole field of wild  life is to make minute and sympathetic observations of the habits and manners of the-- wild  things in their native habitats,  when they are not playing to the  gallery, so to speak. Having made  your notes, it is perfectly simple  to reconstruct the life history of  the creature by a visit to a zoo.''  Mr. Beebe outlined very carefully the kind of workr which his  expedition intends to accomplish.  "It is the old cry of quality,  not quantity, which we follow,"  he said. "In the past every scientific expedition has felt a kind  of moral obligation to ship back  to the parent institution in cans,  boxes and crates specimens, ever  specimens. The arrival of a giraffe in a box meant that the  expedition.Was doing something;  justifying its daring in the pursuit of knowledge. Notes rather  served the purpose of a card index of the contents of. the cans  and boxes; showed which animal  ate leaves and which its fellows.  Special Study of  Birds  " But my purpose is twofold:  First, to secure ample facilities  for the studies of the evolution  and life histories of birds���������my  special field ������������������ and particular  problems of avian develpoment  which can be studied only =��������� with  the f aid of living material fresh  from the South American jungle.  I have no intention of making a  catalogue of the species of birds  to be found there nor to make  a collection of skins.  "My special aim, which is subsidiary to the first, is to gather  specimens, as circumstances permit, of birds, reptiles, amphibians  and fishes for the aquarium.  Shipping  back living  specimens  of South American mammals Ind  always been a thing of great unj  certainty and,, difficulty. But foi  the kindly aid of the Trinidat  Steamship Company our tasl  would be almost impossible, foi  our specimens play the part  mascots and pets on the norther  journey, and in that particular  role of popularity on shipboard|  have both special privileges anc  special attention from all-hands.  Mr. Beebe advocates temperance in preparation for life in|  the tropics.  No Place for Alcohol  "A man who is soaked with]  alcohol gets hit by the climate at]  the   start,"   he   said,   "but. un  der normal   conditions, any onej  who is moderately healthy   can]  live   happily   in equatorial     regions  and not suffer ill effects.  And stories of the dangers from]  scorpions, cannibal fish,  and the,]  rest comes to us very much magnified from the accounts of the j  natives,   most   of   whom   wouldl  succumb in a minute to a scratch*  of a pin. Among the blacks any'  little  incident,  magnified by the;  fear which is in them, does for?  them in a very short time. It's5  all a matter of the resisting pow-\  er of the  individual.  Therefore-  don't  drink  if you  would  live  near coral strands, and don't be j  afraid of bites."  Mutual-benefit   insurance     societies have been   established in  the public schools of Rome and  other Italian cities.    The underlying  idea  is  that  pupils  shall ^  pay small weekly sums to a gen- ll  eral    fund,    from    which    eer-,''  tain   amounts   are   paid   out in  case  of  sickness,   accidents,    or \|  death. The system is said to be  growing  rapidly. t ' \ J  .   ' 4>  .   '.r     ' ��������� > *, X   j'-yX'^X^ r|Xf#l  x - '-- vx-x" *'\%ittm  ; a ���������     ,     ���������   ��������� lAAAiyy^kkM  Friday, February 11, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  ?wr  ="5\  Kitchener's Name Worth Millions  The other day in the House of  I'ommons Sir Ivor Herbert made  remarkable statement. He said  [hat Lord Kitchener had never  ^nce heen right during this war.  [itchener baiting for some months past has been one of the  favorite pastimes of a certain  feet of politicians in England.  |\ny man who thinks that the  car is going wrong in any single  particular gets up in the House  ind has a fling at "K." And  '"K" goes his own way totally  [unperturbed.  So, for the matter of that, does  the country. It has been treated  to one indictment after another  of "K's," methods, policy and  mistakes. He was wrong about  the shells; he was wrong about  the machine guns; he was wrong  about recruiting; he was wro'ng  about the Dardanelles, about Mesopotamia, about the campaign  in Serbia. The country listens to,  but flatly declines to digest  these and similar charges. It  continues to repose the most implicit confidence in its Secretary  for War.  Has the Nation's Confidence  Lord Kitchener has won the  houndless trust of the nation.  They, are impatient of a word  that is said against him. He is  mistake proof/ Not that he does  not make mistakes���������his most ardent worshipper would hardly  pretend that���������but that he is immune from the penalties and  the loss of confidence that follow  on the blunders of lesser men.  Kitchener is invulnerable, or  very nearly so. If the press and  the cabinet and the British parliament said one thing and Kit  chener said another the instinct  of the country would be to back  Kitchener.  The "Strong, Silent Man."  But in any public man there  are two different men. There is  the man as his friends and associates know him, and there is  the man that the general public, looking at him from the outside, at a distance, and amid a  confusion of half-lights, vague  echoes, and odds and ends of  gossip, has somehow come to  manufacture for itself. The real  Kitchener is naturally a very  different being from the Kitchener of the popular imagination.  But the Kitchener of the popular  imagination is none the less a  clear edged figure, and one un-  shakably embedded in the affections and faith of the country.  There are times when what a  man is is of less importance  than what people think of him  and imagine him to be; and such  WHY ENDURE THE CRUEL  TORTURE OF TOOTHACHE-  WHY GO ALONG FROM PAY  TO PAY WITH UNSIGHTLY,  DECAYING TEETH WHICH  ARE A MENACE TO YOUR  OWN HEALTH--AN OFFENCE  TO YOUR FRIENDS ?  Jf the dread of pain or your inability to meet the  exorbitant prices charged by other dentists has  hitherto prevented youhaving your teeth attended to, listen to my message.  DENTISTRY AS I PRACTICE IT  IS ABSOLUTELY DEVOID OF PAIN  ':"���������"���������.��������� C      -    _ .  X   'X ��������� x'  Be the operation simple or complex, it makes absolutely  no difference-;to me.  ORALTHESIA, THE SIMPLE, SAFE AND HARMLESS REMEDY WHICH I USE THROUGHOUT  MY PRACTICE, HAS ABSOLUTELY DRIVEN  PAIN FROM THE DENTAL CHAIR.  So sure am I of Oralthesia and its certain results, I say  to all my patients:  "IP IT HURTS, DON'T PAY ME"  And in comparison to the high prices charged by others  in my profession MY prices, are, in keeping with the  HIGH quality of my work and the materials which I use,  exceedingly low.  CALL AT MY OFFICES TODAY  FOR A FREE EXAMINATION  Dr. T. Glendon Moody  Vancouver's  Pioneer  Dentist  Dawson Block  Cor. Hastings and Main Sts.  Phone Seymour 1566  Vancouver's  Painless  Dentist  a time is the present in Eng  land. The English people have  set up an image and labeled it  "Kitchener." It is the image of  the "strong, silent man."  Scarcely Knew England  Kitchener was barely twenty  four when he left the country  to spend four years on the Palestine survey. Another four  years devoted to similar work in  Cyprus followed ' immediately.  Their termination found him  without a pause, in Egypt and  for the next seventeen years,  with but a single gap���������a gap of  a few months characteristically  filled by service on the Zanzibar Boundary Commission ��������� the  land of the Sphinx held the most  Sphinx like of. men continuously.  Then came four fighting years in  South Africa followed at once  by seven as Commander in Chief  in India, and rounded off with  a tour of inspection and observation through Australia, New  Zealand, China, Japan, and the  United States.  Rejects Offer  It was really quite an embarrassment when Lord Kitchener  turned up in London four or five  years ago with, for the first time  in his life, literally nothing to do.  The government offered him, I  remember, a post that would  have given him the command of  all the British forces ' in and  around the Mediterranean. He politely, but unmistakably turned  it down.  The consul-generalship of  Egypt however fell unexpectedly  vacant and Kitchener went out  to end, as it seemed; his career  where it began, and to rule the  country which, next to Lord  Cromer, he had done more than  any one to preserve and extend  for the empire. Toward the end  of 1911, 'at the age of 61, he  started for Cairo, and in less than  three years had restored a seething land to tranquility. It was  the purest accident that he  should have been home on leave  just when the war broke out and  just when the war office was  without a fixed head. Naturally,  he was pitchforked at once into  the empty post.  Slight Knowledge of England  Was it a good appointment?  Remember, here was a man who  in four decades had barely passed three consecutive months in  England. He had lived and worked all that time not merely  abroad, but among alien and subject peoples, in an Eastern atmosphere, under a tropical sky.  He knew practically nothing of  the England whose military fortunes were thus thrust under his  care. He knew as little of the  War Office, of the British military  machine, of. British politics, and  his mind was simply an Asiatic  blank on, for instance, the conditions of British industrialism, and  the social and. economic questions  that of recent years -have monopolized the interest of British  workingmen. He had never  thought on, he had never had a  chance of thinking out, the problems that would instantly arise  from Great Britain's participation  in a European war. His mind  had been engaged on other subjects ; his work had lain in other  spheres. He had therefore to establish contact with a country  which he had all but forgotten,  to take hold of a vast and cumbrous machine which he had never constructed or been in touch  with, and to work with men  whom he had never met before  and under conditions that, to a  man trained on the simple system  of oriental autocracy, must have  been as distasteful as they were  strange, x  Taking a Long Chance  And when one thinks of what  modern war is and of the.extraordinary complexity of the role  played in the present conflict by  Great Britain, one has to admit  that the government took a long  chance when they sent the famous "wireless" to Kitchener re  calling him to London after he  had actually set sail from Dover  for Alexandria, and when they  placed at the head of. the war  office a man who was much more  familiar with the England of 1874  than with the England of 1914.  When Kitchener Was Right  "Kitchener has never once  been right during this war."  Well, he was conspicuously right  in anticipating a war that would  last at least three years when  most of the experts were sure it  would be over in six months.  And he was not less right in  calling upon the men of England  to enlist by the million while  those around him were positive  that it "couldn't be done." On  these two fundamental points at  any rate, he saw straight and  clear, and I do not know who, if  not he, could have built up from  nothing the machinery for training the 3,000,000 or 4,000,000 raw  recruits who have passed or are  passing through the military mill  That is a. definite achievement  with which, if you take it as a  whole and do not look too closely into the details, the most captious critic will find it difficult  to quarrel.  Inclined   to   Diplomacy  Where Kitchener has failed it  has been partly  because  of his  ignorance of English conditions,  partly  because,  being a glutton  for  work   and  a- natural  auto  crat, he has tried to do too much  himself,   and partly   because his  is not by any means a first class  mind. He is a good organizer and  a hard worker, but the real bent  of his mind and temperament is  toward diplomacy. He is half Irish and half Asiatic. He would  make a   better   prime   minister  than secretary for war. ���������  Expects to See Him in the East  I   hardly,   however,   think    it  likely that   he   will   stay much  longer at the   war   office.   His  work there is pretty well done;  nothing fell to pieces when he  went on his mission to Greece and  the Dardanelles; and there is another and in many ways a more  familiar scene of. action that demands his presence. We are fighting two or three Middle Eastern  wars, as well as the war in Europe. We are engaged on the Tigris and Euphrates, in the Balkans, in Persia, in 'Arabia   and  Syria, and on the banks of the  Nile, and there is still an open  account   with the   Germans   in  East Africa.    These    operations  are subsidiary to and   yet in   a  sense apart from the main theatre of. war, and they raise a host  of military and-diplomatic problems peculiarly their own. Carrying them on simultaneously from  London has been proved an unsatisfactory method. Cairo is the  obvious   centre   at   which   these  variagated threads meet and can  most conveniently and efficiently  be unraveled. And nobody's presence at Cairo would carry such  weight from the Balkans to Afghanistan as Lord Kitchener's.  Current is   being   transmitted  from      Sweden     to      Denmark  _  through a submarine cable between Hesingborg, Sweden, and  Elsinore, Denmark, a distance of  about ten miles. The power  comes from waterfalls in Southern Sweden.  SB  The Spirit of Service  When the land is storm-swept,, when  trains are stalled and roads are blocked,  the telephone trouble-hunter with snow-  shoes and climbers makes his lonely fight  to keep the wire highways open.  This same spirit of service animates tne  whole telephone system. The linemen  show it when they carry the wires across  the lonely places. It is found in the girl  at the switchboard who always sticks to  her post. It inspires the leaders of the  telephone forces, who are finally responsible to the public for good service.  The B. C. Telephone Company aims to  be always responsive to the needs of the  people. It is animated by the spirit of service. It has shown that men and women,  co-operating for a .great purpose, may be  as good citizens collectively as individually.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited  } Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   .MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL POUNDERS  5X9 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  THE WAB HEROES  Ambitious plans for the modernization of the City of Santiago, capital of Chile, are under  consideration. A commission has  been named, including the mayor and other municipal officials,  to make a careful study of the  matter. i.  Beginning January 1, 1916,  Denmark has introduced the  twenty-four hour system of computing time. In other words, 1 p.  m. is to be termed 13 o'clock, and  so on until midnight, which will  be 24 o'clock. This system, which  eliminates all doubt as to whether  a given hour refers to day or  eight time, has already been introduced in various European  countries. .  We  met  them  everywhere,  and  never dreamed  We walked  and   talked   with  heroes by the way:  "No   heroes  in  our age," we  liked to say;  Just common men, with common  aims, they seemed,'  Living their loted span, who toiled and schemed,  Despaired and hoped, with   here  and there a ray  Of some diviner sense that bade  us stay,  Or flash of lovelight that about  them gleamed.  But when it came, the great su-  premer test <  Of manhood's best and bravest  V at the call  For   country,   home, and life,  God's  promised years,  They stood unflinchingly, smiled  at Death's request,  Wrenched love   away,   waved  cheer, and hope to all,  And fell, engulfed in glory, and  our tears.  ���������Emma   P.   Seabury,   in   New  York Times.  Fill-ed the BUI  "Young man, we need brains  in our business." "I know you  do. That's why I'm looking for  a job here."  His Specialty  Friend���������"That new gardener  seems to be a very hard worker."  Suburbanite���������"Yes, that's his  specialty." Friend ��������� "What?  Working?" Suburbanite ��������� "No,  seeming to."  Exaggerated Peace  X Qi_ course, yo_u_ a_r_e _ in_fayor  of  peace."  "Certainly. But I don't want  to be equipped with nothing but  arguments in case I meet the  kind of man whose one idea of  peace is to have all his enemies  stowed away in a graveyard.  One on the Slacker  "Oh, Mr. Slacker, here's the  song you used to be so fond of  singing���������'Let me like a soldier  fall'!"  A Suggestion  "I see." said Wiggles, "that  Montenegro is suing for peaceV"  "Yes." said Waggles. "I wonder why Belgium doesn't sue for  breach of. promise."  On the Safe Side  Visitor���������"Well, son, what, will  you be when you grow up?"  Tommy (aged nine)���������"A soldier." Visitor���������"But you will be  in danger of being killed." Tommy���������" Who'd kill me?" Visitor  ���������"Why, the enemy." Tommy���������  "Then I'll be the enemy."  Room for Doubt ���������-  Customer���������"I say, what do you  think that is?" Just taste it and  give me your opinion." Grocer  ���������"Well, I should say it was  soda." Customer���������"That's what  I said. But my wife contended  that it was rat poison. Try it  again to  make  sure."  Didn't Complain  "This is the seventeenth time  I've seen you in the dock," said  the magistrate, looking at a prisoner sternly. "Yes, for eight  years now I've seen you sitting  in the chair, but I've never  thought about it!" replied the  prisoner, reproachfully.  Gentlemen All  Pat and Sandy were discussing  the merits of their respective regiments, and each one was of the  opinion that his own was the best.  "Why," said Pat, "whin our  Colonel is dismissin' us he says  to the officers. "Fall out, gintle-  nien!"' "That disna cpont for  muckle," replied Sandy. "Gin  oor Colonel wis tae say that, a'  the regiment would fa' oot."  j* "* t .*./1  '        X       *  "ii  - ' x-vi  .4    r'-*l  'XV1  1   X.  *- A  , v-'  ',   <il  si  l . -X-fl  l       1 - 1  ,   'tl  -XI THE WESTERN GALL  Friday, February 11, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED  EVERY FRIDAY  By the  McConnells, Publishers, Limited  Head Office:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140  Subscription: One Dollar a Year in  Advance. $1.50 Outside Canada.  Evan W. Sexsmith, Editor  "THE CRISIS"  We were under' the impression  that "The Crisis" had been giv  en its death-blow.     When a su  preine  court jury brought  in  a  verdict which   gave   the lie   to  statments    mentioned     in     this  v pamphlet, and a supreme court  judge characterized the man who  made those statemnts as "an ordinary untruthful man," then it  is only reasonable to assume that  the publishers of such a pamphlet would seek to forget it  But not so. Neither the Ministerial Union, who, having come  under the spell of Moses B/Cots  worth, published the "Crisis,"  nor the Sun, which seeks to  make'-' political capital out of it,  wish to do any such thing.  Statements of Moses B. Cotsworth; published in the "Crisis"  have,, by the highest tribunal.in  British Columbia, been proven to  be false.  During the past week the Sun  published iri the space of nearly  twenty columns, to say nothing  of the leading editorial, addresses  given by Rev. A. E. Cooke and  Rev. Dr. MacKay, both of whom  endeavored to re-establish the  authenticity of the statements as  contained in the "Crisis." There  was possibly some excuse for the  Ministerial Union falling for Moses B. Cotsworth,and his winning  'ways, despite the fact that' his  ways have been proven to be the  i: way of the untruthful. The Ministerial Union were not the only  - ones to be gulled by Mr. Cots  worth. In both Burnaby and New  Westminster, alas! they know him I could pass   through   easily  well. Even the present editor of I quickly as they can make head-  been unable to give tne necessary  consideration to the problem of  bridging the Second Narrows  But hard times have probably  been beneficial in one sense, how  ever, for had prosperity remained  with-us a bridge across the nar  rows might now be nearing completion. This, we think, would  have been unfortunate, and our  opinion is shared by hundreds  who in their more sober moments, have seen the wisdom of  erecting a causeway across the  Narrows in preference to a  bridge which has already been  recommended. A causeway is also  favored by many transportation  coinpanies in addition to the mu  nicipalities above the Narrows  who will be most vitally affected.  There are innumerable argu  ments favoring a causeway  across the narrows. Not the least  of these is that the site where the  -proposed bridge is to cross, which  was never designed by nature  for such a purpose! but on the  contrary, is particularly adapted  for the building of a causeway.  One of the most essential  points to be considered in an  enterprise of this nature is thev  facility for handling traffic. -The  proposed bridge over the Narrows is a single one with a wagon way. It will necessarily have  to be a high level bridge, else  traffie would be held up to a  great extent allowing boats to  pass through. This would entail an enormous expense in  erecting the approaches, to the  bridge on both sides, while a  causeway could be built at high  water level.  The plan of the causeway, as  has been prepared by Mr. John  Kilmer, C. E., would provide two  locks spanned by two bridges  each near the south shore. By  having two bridges on each lock,  trans-causeway traffic would  never be interrupted, as one  bridge or the other would always be available. The locks  would.be so operated that boats  as  agricultural community, ��������� where  farm labor was lamentably short  even before the war,- arid where it  is shorter still today because of  those who have already gone to  the front, is being scoured for  recruits ho less vigorously than  those urban communities where a  certain amount of unemployment  still exists. Is that good business? Is that a scientific mobilization of all the powers of  Canada? There can be but one  answer,���������it is not.  We have been at war eighteen  months; surely it is time that  we went about this business of  recruiting with more system, and  with more intelligent appreciation of what each community can  best do for the greatest advantage of the whole.  the Sun has allied himself with  the ex-regrading commissioner.  The Ministerial Union produced  a reasonably good alibi at the  Lucas libel trial when they claimed they only took Mr, Cots-  worth's Avord for the statements  as contained in the pamphlet. At  that trial Mr. Cotsworth was  shown to have wandered far from  the pathway of truthfulness, and  it was only reasonable that right  there the Ministerial Union would  have cleansed their hands of him.  But no. Moses, though an old and  hardened, sinner, _w_as,not_.yet .beyond recall. He was not left alone  among his shattered pamphlet of  lies, but like good Samaritans,  the Ministerial Union picked  him up and placed him on-a pedestal. ' They, no doubt, hope  that even yet the "Crisis" may  outlive the verdict of, the jury  ' and the scathing criticism of the  judge, to make political gain for  the Liberal party whose purpose  it was designed to serve.  If the Sun represented the Liberal opinion in this city or province then the "Crisis" might  have carried some conviction to  the- unsophisticated. But the Sun  has long since ceased to propound  the true Liberal principles. It  has for many months confined itself to championing the doctrines of F. C. Wade. In a  truly characteristic manner it  refuses to "eat crow" regarding  the "Crisis," but rushes on in  its doggedness with the forlorn  hope that the intellignt electors  will be influenced by its babble.  way against the tide at the present time..  _ Should the causeway be built  it would also have a beneficial  effect on the treacherous currents  of the First- Narrows.  We thing the municipalities effected by the erection of the proposed bridge would do well to  inquire further into the merits  of a causeway as against the project that has been proposed.  THE PROPOSED   CAUSEWAY  ACROSS NARROWS  The question of traffic communication between the north  and south shores of Burrard Inlet has been a serious problem  "for several years. .Since the present financial depression settled  down- on the country, combined  with other vital questions in  connection with the war, Ave have  SYSTEM  IN  RECRUITING  Sir Robert Borden has authorized an army of half a million  men. This means that an army  of. that size would be legal, not  necessarily that such an army is  at once to be raised.  The advisability on enrolling  so many men must necessarily depend on nuiny things. Is such a  force necessary to assure victory ?  Can so many men be spared from  our small population without actually weakening the empire by  impairment of food supply and  munitions? Supposing that voluntary enlistment could not produce the half million, would conscription toward that end be  justifiable? These and many other  questions will suggest themselves  to any thinking man.  It is with just such problems  that the present parliament must  grapple without delay. Our. legis  SITTING ON THE  SAFETY  VALVE  The story over the cable about  a cruel slaughter of women and  children by machine guns on the  main street of the German capital is perhaps untrue and is probably exaggerated, but it is not  likely that all the details were  invented. There need be no doubt  that thef<5\has been rioting of a  more or less serious kind in many  German and Austro-Hungarian  citiesi Crowds of poor . people,  mostly women and children, who  have barely enough to eat, who  are puzzled as to why Germany  went to war, and who are unable to see what she has to gain  by prolonging the national and  individual agony, are likely to  gather into mobs - demanding not  merely "bread" but "peace,"  and the German authorities are  likely to suppress these mobs, at  any cost of human life. The  militants' and aristocrats are just  now holding down the safety  valve, but that only makes the  inevitable explosion a more effective destroyer when it- happens. X  It must ' strike unprejudiced  neutral observers of current  events and pending conditions as  a singular contrast; that while  ominous reports of bad and worsening conditions are becoming  more tragic as well as more frequent, there are no-' such reports  from any allied country or city.  From whatever other unfavorable conditions they may be suffering, the working classes and  peasantry of Russia, France, Italy and Great Britain seem to be  well protected against both hunger and cold. There is abundance  of work, and foreign' commerce  keeps pace with domestic industry. In this respect there has  never been so conspicuously onesided a war on any large scale  as this war is, and there is no  visible or thinkable reason why  conditions in this regard should  change before the war comes to  an end.  German newspapers are already exhorting their readers to  prepare for resistance indefinitely  prolonged, and accompanied by  suffering still more harrowing  and agonizing; such appeals are  more likely to hasten a general  uprising, that may sweep both  Hapsburgs and Hohenzollerns  from, their thrones, andj deal with  the nobilities of the central empires as the French people dealt  with theirs in the great revolution.  The one safe prediction about  this war is that, as it is the  greatest in history, so it must  culminate  in the greatest of  all  ant shopper, lured by a newspa-  er advertisement of a large  downtown store reading "B. C.  Red Salmon, 10 cents a,tin," went  "to the store and asked the salesman if he could recommend it.  "Yes," he said, "it's a very  good brand of red salmon." The  purchaser took "six tins.- On opening one at home that night it  was found to be pale pink salmon  of a very poor flavor.  The outraged shopper called  next day on a firm of local packers, and was told that he had  bought the cheapest grade of  dog salmon. He accordingly took  the remaining five tins back to  the store and demanded his  money back, getting it, only after threatening to expose the  store in the courts.  *This is only one of the fifty-  seven varieties of fake advertising run by some of. these downtown stores with the object of  trapping the unwary suburban  shopper. It seems about time  that the women (who naturally  do most of the shopping) had  their eyes opened to the game that  so many of these downtown  stores are playing. Short weight,  fake labels, and misleading advertisements do not mean fair  treatment, and the more we patronize . such stores the worse off  we will be financially. The  storekeeper nearest to you is usually the one who will give you  the fairest treatment. His interest is in the" community where he  lives and his aim must necessarily be to give you the goods you  require at the very fairest price.  desire to be "in at the death"  must keep up with the chase.���������  Toronto Globe.  lators are patriotic men, and may  safely  be   trusted   to  lay   aside] bistorical cataclysms. Those -who  party feuds while settling questions   of   such vital   importance.  What cannot but surprise one  is that the premier's authorization has been accepted by very  many as the Premier's direction.  Sir Robert has nowhere said that  that half a.million men must be  got ready as soon as possible,  And yet recruiters all over Canada seem to be going on that  assumption.  At the moment recruiting campaigns are being waged all over  Canada in an enthusiastic but  quite haphazard   manner.       The  THAT FAKE ADVERTISING  In spite of the repeated warnings the people of : Mt. Pleasant  and vicinity have had through the  columns of the Call in regard  to fake sales and misleading advertisements of many down town  stores, there still continues to be  a deplorable exodus of suburban  shoppers to *the city on Friday  and Saturday.  The other day a Mount Pleas-  "Every dog has his day," and  this seems to be the day of the  coal baron.  ��������� *   ���������  The .street-car inspector and  policeman on point duty are the  heroes of the hour.  ��������� ���������   #   "  The liberty to get drunk and  annoy sober people is not one of  the liberties guaranteed by Magna Charta.        V'X-  ��������� #'   #  Nowadays, instead of being  '' advertised - by. our loving  friends," we   are   often   "done  up" by them.  ��������� *   *  The Toronto Globe naively remarks that the gales we have so  recently weathered are nothing  to   the   political gales   that   are  brewing.  # ���������   *  When Germany is really hard  pressed for money she can raise  a huge sum by making the  Crown Prince .pay a  tax of his  war-profits. " ~~ ~   ~  *    #   *  Sweden says she will maintain  her neutrality so long as it is  profitable. Warning to Great  Britain not to break up the trade  with Germany.  * ���������   ���������  Before spending too much time  in working out what is to be  done after the Avar, it might be  well to make sure that things  will happen according to schedule. ���������   ���������   ������������������  Automobile accessories have  heen placed on the list of contraband of Avar by England. Germany probably,-will be glad if  this, prevents any further shiploads of cranks and nuts being  unloaded on her. "���������  " ~*   .*���������'*'  Rudyard Kipling has well said  that "it is the essence of the .German system. to make such a hell  of the countries where their armies fight that any terms they  may offer Avotild seem like heaven  to the inhabitants Avhose bodies  are  defiled  and  minds broken."  ' #    #.'  "*  J ������������������-���������'������������������' X"  The report of Aveather~ conditions in Greater Vaneoiiver for  the 'week'ending Tuesday. February 8, according to Weatherman Shearman is as folloAvs:  'Snow 23.75 inches: total sunshine, 3. hours 6 minutes: highest temprature, 3S degrees on  February 2; > loAvest temperature,  25 -dgi-ees on February 3.  GERMANIC   (NOT   GERMAN)  AMERICANS  - There is in America today the  beginning of that very military  arrogance which we are told this  Avar is being fought to abolish.  It sIioavs itself in contempt for  all efforts toward peace, in programs or armament that are the  vistas of a nightmare, in denunciation of the virtues that make  a free and tolerant people, in a  hatred of other points of view,  in the attempt to haze and ostracise those avIio have different  opinions, and in the assertion of  a brittle, touchy impatience at  the thought that anything human  can be adjusted without ^slamming the table and rattling the  Avindows.  The militarists are forcing the  issues in such a Avay as to consolidate the opposition. If the  American people have to choose  betAveen their virulence and the  amiable intentions of the official  pacifists they will follow the  pacifists. They will risk the Monroe doctrine and American prestige in the east, they will prefer  the defeat of a foreign policy in  some future war to any proposal  to deliver the country into , the  hands of those Avho in the last  months have got deeper and  deeper into their oavii violence.  The real desire of Americans  is to make a, civilization in America. They will prepare Avhat is  necessary to defend that; they  may even be induced to take a  share in the policing of. the world.  But they do not want to-be told  that war is a gymnasium of the  virtues; they know it to be the  stinking thing that it is. They  Avarit no extra gold lace and no  more tom-toms than are necessary. They do not Avish* to spend,  their energy in - dreaming war  .games. If they have to fight they  will do it sadly, and with as lit  tle bombast as possible. Their  condemnation of 'Germany in this  war is * based on .what they be.  lieve to be a dangerous militarw  psychology in the rulers of Ger-I  many, and- they are shreAvc  enough to detect and resent  that same psychology when  crops up in America.���������The NeA  Republic.      J  "A drop of ink may make  million tl. k," but it is more  likely to make a million sweat  if spilled on a clean shirt front.  There is a shortage of matches]  in France, due largely to the decrease in   the   output   of home-1  manufactured goods.  OAving to this, France has  been forced to increase greatly  its imports of matcliAvood, etc.,  especially from the United  States, Sweden, Italy, SAvitzer-  land, Indo-Chiria and Japan.  Phone Seymonr 9086  One Is Apt  at  times  to  be  forgetful, but  don't forget that  A Deposit Box  in our SAFETY VAULT will  protect your valuables, documents, heirlooms, -etc., from  FIRE or BXTBOLABY for one  year for  $2.50  ' We cordially invite you to  / inspect same .  DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS 8TBEET W.  AN ELECTRIC HEATER  Will KEEP YOU WARM  It will take tbe chill off the bathroom or make the bedroom comfortable in the morning while you are dressing.  Radiant Electric Heat is pure and clean and vitalizing  like i sunshine. A small portable electric radiator can be  attached to any lamp socket in any part of the house and  will instantly throw out a genial heat and bring both comfort and satisfaction Will quickly provide added beat for  baby's bath or comforting warmth, for the sick or infirm.  Costs but a few cents an hour to operate, weighs only  four pounds, and is durable, convenient, and a comfort  bringer to the entire household.  Visit any salesroom of tbe company and see tbe various types of electric heaters in operation, they will both  Blirprioe and pleas������ you by their efficency and ready adaptability.  Salesrooms  ' Carrall and Hastings Sts.  1138 Granville St., > near Davie  Phone  Seymour  5000  Compare Royal Standard  With Any Flour You  Have Ever Used  Observe its great rising strength���������Iioav easy  it is to Avork Avith���������note the big clean Avholesome  loaves it bakes���������tasty, snow-Avhite bread.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  is .made from the pick of Canada's golden w.hdat  harvest; is- milled by the most modern processes  known to science, is thoroughly tested before  leaving the mill .for its baking properties, and  comes to you PURE, WHOLESOME, CLEAN.  Ask your grocer to deliver ROYAL STANDARD.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NEW WESTMINSTER,  NANAIMO Friday^ebrua^OV191^
THE WESTERN CALL
CAN
XV.
K   j ' I
1 ' rJZl
-..-X;
'i ^. V '
WHY should you GO DOWNTOWN to do all your shopping?
Rents are MUCH CHEAPER here in, Mt. Pleasant.
For that reason, in practically every one of the stores here, and in all lines of
business, you can get a QUALITY OF GOODS and a PRICE that the
downtown stores CANNOT COMPETE WITH.
We are going to PROVE this.
L
Read these items NOW and EVERY WEEK, and see what the Mt. Pleasant
merchants have to offer you.
Their reputation is INVOLVED WITH OURS.   They -are trying to provide.
Mt. Pleasant buyers with JUST WHAT THEY ARE ASKING FOR.
BE A BOOSTER.   Help yourpelf and your neighbors by resolving to "BUY
IT ON THE HI.LL."
.71
.'' ; j&
-. >1
'. a -J.
4    i    ,f��)j_
FOR   QUALITY
GROCERIES
At the very lowest possible prices.
PHONE Fair. 832
ELLIOTTS GROCERY
Phone Fair. 2102
E. V. CASSIDY
2152 Main St. Cor. 6th Avenue
Fine Fresh Groceries. Fruits. Tea and
Coffee, Etc.
Try our Pure Ceylon Tea, 3 lbs. for $1
New Laid Eggs at Lowest Prices
FOR THE FINEST
JOB PRINTING
TELEPHONE
Fairmont 1140
or call at 203 KINGSWAY
SACRIFICE SHOE SALE
OF WOOD and SON'S NORTH VANCOUVER $10,000 STOCK
EXTRA SPECIAL PRICES THIS WEEK
Boys' Waterproof "-.gather and Rubber Boots. Beg. $3.00. Now .$1.75
Ladies' High Grade Boots. Values to  $5.00. Now' $1.95
(Small     sizes      only).
Ladies' Doctor  Special  Waterproof Boots.   Reg. $6.00.   Now    $3.95
$1   Discount   off   all   F< W. Slater,   Bell's, Doctor's   Special   Boots
for Men. Tables Nfull of Bargains.
Everybody's
Store
2313 Main Street
2 Doors from P. Burns' Market
/      '
Finest Alberta Creamery Butter,
3 lbs. for $1.00
Fine Jnicf Navel Oranges��� .
16 for ....25c
These Specials for Saturday, February
5th only.
BARKER & MILLAR
2333 Main St.
Phone Fair. 938
Get Your Shoes Repaired by
P. T. PARIS
He does it right .ud promptly. Open
till 8 p.m.
Men's  Rubber  Heels,  50c.      Special
Rubber   Heels   for    Lady's    French
Heel, 40c.       Any Shoes Dyed Black
2245 Main St. Phone Fair 2008
HOME COOKING and   WHITE HELP
at the
o
Purity Lunch
Just Off Main St. on Broadway
Our Famous Vegetable Soup (Prime
Beef Stock)  Be
Steak and Kidney Dumplings. 15c
Home-made  Pies  a Specialty
Open 5 a.m. to 2 a.m.
JOHN WEBSTER, Prop.
(Eakra
A rich, delicious Cake,
made to order in any size
desired, and decorated most
effectively with any degree
of elaborateness preferred.
Prices very moderate, from $5.00
to $25.00.
The usual quality found in all. '
Woman's Bakery
Goods
li.j,     ,tr\
'    ''ii
- -,v
AN AD HERE WILL BRING YOU RESULTS
There is no dishonor attached to
a loss to a better team, and that
is what can be said of the Vancouver team' in their contests
with the Rosebuds on Friday and
Tuesday nights. There is" no
question as to the disappointment
of local fans over the outcome of
the league race, and the showing
made by the Millionaires in the
game here, but it must be remembered that the Vancouver team
has established a record in hockey that it will be hard to beat.
Eight wins in a row is truly
something to be proud of. The
game on Friday last jusf proved
tfiat the winning streak and the
gruelling-task-they had perform-
EDDIE OATMAN
Captain of- the Portland Rosebuds
Who   Appear to   have the   Coast
Hockey    Honor."*   Cinched
ed left them weak, and in their
showing on Friday night they
were just a little stale, and their
attack lacked ginger. What they
needed was a "pinch hitter" so
to speak, as the forward line was
utterly lacking when.it came to
the close-in work on the opposing nets. On the other hand,
.j Vancouver's apparent lack of
ginger might have been due to
the superabundance of that -quality displayed by the visitors. Seldom did the locals work a line
combination past the cover-point
position of the Rosebuds. True,
they had many shots, but they,
were the result of individual
work, and came when a one play-
... "' ' |X        .X    .   '��� "'i: ���
xx.���      ."��������� -r
er worked his way through. The
play of the visitors was a marvellous exhibition, and the back-
checking of the forward line was
a treat. No wonder their defence
was steady with such valiant assistance from the forward line.
In the first period the score was
2 to 1 in favor of Portland. The
second period_was a hummer, and
the visitors, through Moose Johnson, made it 3 to 1. The final
period put the locals absolutely
on the defensive, and the visitors
got three more.
��    *    ��
E. Black, the assistant referee
in Friday's game, made one glaring blunder when he benched" Ernie Johnson in the last period.
Johnson was not guilty of any
offence whatever, but probably
the referee got his wires crossed
a little. For catching offsides,
neither Phillips nor Black are in
the same class as Ions.
The game in Portland on Tuesday night proved that the Vancouvers are a very determined
lot of players. They made the
winners go the limit, and had it
not been for the lucky shot of
Eddie Oatman as a result of a
'scrimmage in front of the Vancouver nets,, it is hard to say
just how the game would iiave
gone. It proves that these" two
teams are about as evenly matched''as is possible.
��� *    *   .*
The Portland Rosebuds are certainly . to be congratulated on
their success this year, but the
most critical fan will admit that
Vancouver has had a terrible
hard row. to hoe all season. They
got away to a woeful start, and
when they did strike their winning streak the going was so
unusually hard that it was expected that a slump might result
at a crucial time. That slump did
come and it proved disastrous for
the champions. However, Vancouver fans are satisfied to relinquish the honors to the new
champions and wTisli them good
luck in their trip  east.
���" \ ���     ��� -   -
JESS WILLARD
World's   heavyweight   champion,
who will  meet  Frank Moran  in
New York on March 8 over the
ten-round    route.
\
Taylor was so closely checked that he had no chance to
shine at all, and Duncan, well,
he was in the game now and
then.      '      *   *   *
Si Griffis scored the only goal
for Vancouver. Somebody said
Si was all in. Well, he does take
about a week to get started now
compared with old times, but he
does somethuuj when he gets going. He let- Oatman slip around
him in the last quarter in a kind
of amateurish way, and the Port-
laud skipper scored a goal.
#    *    ���
It was our first view of the
two new players on the Portland
team, the two Winnipeg lads.
Muray, the midget in goal, is as
cool as the admiral of the British fleet, and, while he did not
have anything like the .number
of shots to stop that Lehman
handled, he was right there with
the brains in the pinches, and
saved his team on at least five
occasions in the last quarter.
.*.*..*      #X        '    ..
Frank Patrick was just twenty minutes late in pulling Mackay and replacing him with
Stanley. The young'centre of
the locals was Mowed..at the end
of. the first quarter, and his con.-'
dition probably proved 'the downfall'of the champions, as with a
centre who had been playing his.
position in the second period we
would at least have gathered in
a brace of goals. Twice Taylor
took the puck the length of the
rink and there was a space in
centre ice for a shot, but Mackay was not there. Instead he
was loafing at the other end of
the rink..       x
Who's Taylor?
PICTURE FBAMER
2414 Main Street
Bring your "BURNS COTTAGE" Calendar awl I will
frame it as low as $125.
See my FEBRUARY SALE of
PICTURES (including many uncalled
for)  at half price,
FRESH ARRIVAL IF GENUINE NOVA SCITU USB
Sun-dried Cod, Al Quality .-. ��� \liZt* fl^
Eastern Dulce, very  choice gjfo Uj#
Salt   gerring  v..X *J0 J^#
Also a Bhipment of Fancy Apple* at the,very special price of 91.70 bos.
Mount Pleasant Grocery
Catering to Highest Class Family Trade
Phone: Fairmont   713. 2345   Main   St.
���'A - ni
. j '' .'������
���- \"-X 'i:
<-  -Li
Smoky Harris broke his stick
once. Perhaps he thought he
was playing shinny on the Red
river near the Peg, and was just
warming up.
* *   #
Lloyd Cook and Taylor lost a
lot of steam in the first quarter
from vigorous bodychecking,
and it had its effect on their
usefulness for the balance of the
game.���      - -    -      ���
* #   #
Moose Johnson looked like an
oil-burner the way he steamed his
way through the Vancouver defence in the second period and
tickled Lehman's pads with his
first  shot,  only  to  score on the
rebound.
* *   *
It looked like the "Golden
Gates" for Tobin, the hard luck
man of the Rosebuds, when he
got a straight body cheek from
Frank Patrick in the last period.
He went down with a bump, and
if he didn't see something that
resembled that early morning
eclipse of the Sun last week,
well, his head must be made of
submarine steel.
��    *    ���
Seattle is perking up some and
have managed to annex two or
three games from the Victoria
team. The latter have been doing good work of late, however,
and their defeats have been rather hard as they really deserved
more wins.
ARGUE!
Com jokes
an Uobc
GeWs frco
acca
Lehman must have turned
aside a score of shots in the
first period. The Rosebuds had
their shooting eyes with them and
many sure goals were blocked by
Lehman. Without a doubt he is
the most spectacular goaler the
game  has seen tor many years.
Eating between
Meals is perfectly
Natural for
Healthy, Active
Children
���Give Them Good,
Energy- Restoring
FOOD!
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
The BETTER Breads
ARE JUST SUCH FOODS
Made of Canada's most nutritious flour and pure
water in British Columbia's most sanitary, clean,
modern baking plant.
5
FULL   16  OUNCE   LOAF
Every one '* sealed at the oven '*
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers  of  BETTER   Bread 6  THE WESTERN CALL  jTriday, February.il, 1916.  HOME TABLE  HINTS  A function of. the meals at home is to give color.to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, February 12  "Though Fate is our purpose denying,  Let   each   bear   his part  like a   man,  Nor  sadden   the  world  with  his  sighing���������  'Tis better to  smile if  we can."  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Fish and Potato Cakes. Toast. Plum Marmalade. Coffee.  Pinner���������Noodle Soup. Braised Tongue. Horseradish. Potatoes. Creamed Parsnips. Spinach and  Egg Salad. Apple Indian Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Hani Balls. Vegetable Pudding.  Steamed Brown Bread. Gingered Pears. Wafers.  Tea.  Vegetable Pudding  Boil six onions and six carrots together until  tender; drain and add six boiled potatoes. Mash  the vegetables, moisten with one-half cupful of  cream, season with one-quarter of a cupful of  butter, one teaspoonful of salt, one-quarter of a  teaspoonful of pepper and one-half teaspoonful of  sugar, beat until very light, turn into a buttered  dish, cover with crumbs moistened with melted  butter arid bake until brown.  *   *   *  Sunday, February 13  Are there not aspirations in each heart  After a better, brighter world than this;  Longings  for  beings nobler  in each  part,  Things more exalted, steeped in  deeper blissf  ���������Robert Nicoll.  Breakfast���������Oranges.    Cereal    with    Cream.  Buckwheat Cakes. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Boast- Turkey, Cranberry  Jelly. Stuffed Potatoes. Baked Squash. Cauliflower with Parmesan. Sultana Roll. Coffee.  Lunch���������Pineapple and Grapefruit Salad. Nut  Bread. Marshmallow Cake. Tea.  Marshmallow Cake  Beat two eggs, add one cupful of sugar and  beat to a light cream. Stir in one cupful of flour  sifted with one-quarter of a teaspoonful of salt  and one and one-half teaspoonfuls of baking  powder, pour in quickly one-half cupful of hot  milk, beat thoroughly, add one tablespoonful of  melted butter and one teaspoonful of ^ vanilla,  bake in a loaf and cover with Marshmallow  Frosting when cool.  Marshmallow Frosting  Cook one cupful of sugar and one-quarter of  a cupful of water until the syrup will spin a  thread, pour slowly into the beaten white of one  egg, add one-half pound of marshmallows melted  over boiling water, flavor with one teaspoonful  of vanilla and one-quarter of a teaspoonful of  almond and beat until stiff enough to spread.  '���������   *   *  Monday, February %i  Young Cupid was gay on St. Valentine's Day,  O'er arrows  that   Jightly   he'd sped.  And he smiled with delight when June roses were white,  And the swains he had wounded were wed.  ���������Lalia Mitchell.  Breakfast���������Apple Sauce. Minced Tongue  on  Toast. Doughnuts. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cauliflower Soup. Cold Roast Turkey, pickled Peaches. Scalloped Potatoes.  String Beans. Steamed Chocolate Pudding.  Creamy Sauce. Coffee.  ���������*��������� Supper���������Italian Spaghetti. Lettuce, and Red  Pepper Salad. Tea Rolls. Strawberry Cream  Tarts. Tea.  Strawberry Cream Tarts  Line patty tins with paste rolled to about  'one-eighth of an inch in thickness, prick several  -times with a fork-and bake in a-moderate oven."  Beat the white of one egg to a foam, add one-  half pint of. thick sweet cream and continue beating with the egg beater until firm,  then fold  3n two tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar and flavor with orange. Fill the shells with cream,; garnish  with  strawberry  preserves, and  serve  at  once. ���������"''-.  "-������������������-.*   *.*....  Tuesday, February 15  I dreamed that as I wandered by.the way,  Bare   "Winter changed   suddenly to   Spring,  And gentle odors led my steps astray;  Mixed with the sounds of water murmuring.  . ���������Shelley.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Raisins and Cream.  Broiled Honeycomb Tripe. Lyonnaise Potatoes.  Graham Puffs. Coffee.  Dinner���������Potato Soup. Baked Curried Beef.  Boiled Rice. Buttered Onions. Cabbage and Apple Salad. Apricot Trifle. Coffee.  Supper ��������� Creamed Turkey with Chestnuts.  Squash Cakes. Bread and Butter. Fruit Jelly.  Wafers. Tea.  Squash Cakes  Mix one pint of well seasoned cooked squash  with one beaten egg, one teaspoonful of sugar,  one teaspoonful of chopped parsley and enough  bread crumbs to make fairly stiff. The quantity  of crumbs necessary will depend upon the moisture in the squash. Form into cakes and fry on  both sides in butter.  ��������� ������   ���������  Wednesday/February 16  "Let us walk quickly, friend;  Work with our might while lasts our little stay  And help some halting comrade  on  the  wayj  And  may God guide us,  friend."  Breakfast���������Malaga Grapes. Bacon and Eggs.  Fried Hominy. Coffee.  Dinner���������Vegetable Soup. Calf's Head. Sauce  Vinaigrette. Potato Balls. Stewed Celery. Orange  Sponge. Coffee.  Supper���������Rice.  Omelet   with   Cheese   Sauce..  ��������� Toasted English Muffins. Marmalade. Tea.  Sice Omelet with Cheese Sauce  To one cupful of boiled rice add one cupful  of warm milk, one tablespoonful of melted butter, one-half teaspoonful of salt and a few grains  of pepper; mix well and add three eggs beaten  separately. Melt one large tablespoonful of butter in an omelet pan, pour in the mixture, bake  in a hot oven, fold over, turn out on a heated  dish and pour cheese sauce over and around the  omelet.  Cheese Sauce  Cook two tablespoonfuls of flour in two tablespoonfuls of butter, stir in gradually one cupful of milk, season with one-quart*er of a teaspoonful each of. salt and paprika, cook until  smooth, then add two-thirds of a cupful of grated  cheese and stir and cook without boiling until  the cheese melts.  # ���������    ���������  Thursday, February 17  "The noble  minded  dedicate themselves  to the promotion, of the happiness of others���������even of those who  injure them. True happiness consists in making '��������� happy."  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Shirred Eggs. Potato  Pancakes. Rolls. Coffee.  Dinner���������-Macaroni Soup. Broiled English  Chops. Mashed Potatoes. Okra and Tomato Seal-  lop. Baked Bananas. Currant Jelly Sauce. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee.  Supper���������Cold Meat. Macedoine of Vegetables.  Oatmeal Biscuits. Cream Puffs. Tea.  Potato Pancakes  Pour one cupful of milk over one cupful. of  mashed potatoes and beat well.      Sift together  one-half cupful of flour, one-half .teaspoonful of  salt, one teaspoonful of baking powder and one  teaspoonful of. sugar. Combine the two mixtures,  add one tablespoonful of melted butter and one  beaten egg and beat until very light. Bske on a  griddle and- serve with grated maple sugar.  ' #   #   *  Friday, February 18  We  know, when   all is  said   and  done,  Life has more joy than dole; '  Its noblest prizes may be won,  By the unconquered soul.  Breakfast���������Apples.   Browned   Hash.   French  Toasst. Coffee.  ��������� Dinner���������Split" Pea Soup. Croutons. Baked  Stuffed Fish. Potatoes with Parsley. Asparagus  Salad. Fig Pudding. Foamy Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Clam    Patties.    Celery.    Hot Rolls.  Prune Whip with Custard Saiice. Tea.  Clam Patties      A ���������' ���������  Drain the liquor from a quart of clams. Cook  together one-quarter of a cupful each of butter  and flour, pour in slowly one cupful of clam liquor and one cupful of milk in which one-quarter  of a teaspoonful of soda has been dissolved and  cook and stir until smooth, then add the chopped clams. Add gradually one well beaten egg,  cook until set, season with pepper and salt and  set aside to cool. Line patty pans with paste,  fill with the clam mixture, cover with paste, make  one or two slits in each cover and bake to a  light brown. Serve while hot.  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU.  Full  Pound  Loaf  SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the ,food values which make strength  and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean.  BUTTER-NUT   BREAD  is the best and least expensive food you.can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. Comes in sanitary waxed wrappers.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread.      Pair. 44.  FOUND   SERBIANS HUMANE  Testimony to the effect that  the Serbian soldiers are particularly humane in their treatment of prisoners is given by  Miss C, Sturzenegger, a Swiss  nurse, who served for several  months in a Serbian base hospital, in an article in a Swiss  newspaper. The article was quoted by the Berliner Vorwarts, and  has been printed in the London  press as a refutation of hints by  some Teuton papers that the  Serbs abused their captives. In  part, the article'folio ws:  Ceases  to be  Enemy  "It is particularly impressed  upon the soldiers that they must  be humane and generous in their  treatment of prisoners, for the  Serbian axiom is that the moment  a soldier has given himself up  to a Serbian he ceases to be an  enemy, and must be treated as a  brother. This is a literal translation of the army regulation, and  the Serbian soldier has shown  time and again that he respects  every military rule and law.  "I know from personal observation how the Serbian authorities have treated their prisoners,  both in the camps and in the hospitals, and I have already published several notes on this subject. To take a few individual  points. It has been stated that  ' wounded men and prisoners had  to lie on straw. That is one of  the discomforts of war. There are  no sofas to be had in the field.  The so-called pens were not  ' pens,' but temporary wooden  structures, sheltered from the  elements and provided with fireplaces. This I have shown from  photographs in my book.  "It is also suggested that  wounded prisoners had their  limbs amputated, or other amputations performed, with an entire disregard of -the consequences. This statement can also be  denied. No amputation was ever  performed on a patient without  his consent having been obtained,  as every Swiss doctor who gave  his, services in Serbia, will confirm.''  THE SWISS   WATCH  Several Swiss 'papers are complaining that unless preventive  steps are taken, the Swiss watch  making industry is going to be  seriously impaired by shrewd  women who are charged with  having secured employment in  Switzerland for the purpose' of  learning trade secrets, and then  returning to England and divulging the secrets to wounded soldiers. As a result, the papers  claim, a considerable "Swiss  watch" industry has already  been built up in England,, which  is competing strongly with Switzerland. ,  PROGRESS IN CHINESE  POSTAL SYSTEM  China.is thought of by many  as a backward land with eyes  only on the dim past, but sta-,  tistics like those just issued re-i  garding the activities of the Chinese postal system show that  such ideas are becoming distinctly out of date. In 1914 the Chinese postal service handled over  692,000,000' articles, as compared  with _629,000,000_ in _ 1913. _ .The  number of parcels handled was  oyer 7,000,000, a gain of more  than a million over the previous  year.'.,' V '; '.  Last year China had 21 head  post offices, 1,462 first, second,  and third class offices and sub-  offices, and 6,840 postal agencies.  The number of postal employes  was 24,358.  Every sort of conveyance, up-  to-date and antiquated, is pressed  into service by the Chinese postal authorities for transporting  mail, including steam and motor  launches, junks, hong-boats, and  foot-boats on the inland waterways, mounted and foot couriers,  mules, carts, and wheelbarrows.  At the end of 1914 the length of  postal lines served by courier  was 136,000 miles, an increase of  35,000  miles over  1913. X  The Chinese post office authorities are making plans to take  more advantage of the many  creeks, canals, lakes, etc., of the  interior provinces.  War's Penalties  "Lor, Mrs. Green, you ain't  looking yourself at all this morning. Whatever do be the matter with you"'  "There, Mrs. Budd, you know  the trooble we've alius 'ad with  our George, an now ah've a postcard this mornin' sayin' as 'ow  he's got t'V.C., an' me an' 'is  father teetotalers all our lives!"  Now is the Time  _  To Buy Your  m���������m���������mm-mmm^mmmmmAm���������,mm^-mmmmAm^  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  '" XX,'        ���������-,���������':. ���������' ������������������'    '       '.���������.���������-'  of weakness, x  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective,  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS   V  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Carswells, Printers, Ltd.  PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY f   f.AI  X  -*'  ,   r   ,V'T-,V|  , '��������� X>1  XX:  Friday, February 11, 1916.  THE WESTERN CALL  Have  you ever   visited, after  leaving school, some part of the  ���������globe about which you had built  [up fixed ideas and developed a  [fixed mental picture during your  [geography lessons? And did you  [ever have to re-draw the picture  [and rebuild the idea to suit the  [reality? If so, you will be able  [to appreciate the feeling of dis-  r appointment���������not to say of hum-  ^ iliation���������with  which   I received  my first glimpse of the coast of  Viti   Levu,  or   Great   Fiji,   the  chief of /the Fijian group, in the  early   hours   oi   that    January  morning just a year ago.       *  I wonder why so many people,  in their school days, have pictured the Fiji islands as a small  group of low-lying coral reefs  fringed with feathery palm trees  and covered with howling cannibals. Nothing could be further  removed from the reality.  A Mountainous Country  There, on our left, rose the  precipitous mountain ranges to  the height of nearly a mile,  wooded to their very summit and  bathed in the soft bluish haze of  the early tropical morning. The  sea was a deep, dark blue���������calm  and summery. "We were approaching Suva, the capital and  metropolis of the Fijian group, a  city of about 8,000 inhabitants,  and the chief port of call for  trans-Pacific steaniers.  About 8 o'clock the "Atua"  steamed into the quiet little harbor of Suva, protected by the  long coral reefs from the force of  the ocean. There were no signs  of German ships about, but a  Japanese man-of-war was just  weighing anchor. Suva has an export trade that is world wide,  and you are likely to meet ships  from the four quarters of the  globe if you' remain there for  a short time. The town presents  a sleepy appearance from the  harbor, but you would go far  to excel Victoria Parade, its principal street, in the variety of  costumes or the brilliance of. color displayed there in the afternoon and evening.  A Cosmopolitan City  You see in Suva a co-mingling of the various South Sea Island races that is most fascinating. First there is the fierce  looking Solomon Islander, whose  people at home are still addicted  to cannibalism. There is the diminutive Indian coolie and his  wife, all gaily bedecked with  silver and brass spangles, at his  heels. These coolies are imported  by the thousands from Ceylon  to furnish cheap labor on the  plantations. Here comes the native Papuan with brass rings in  his ears; the smiling Tongan;  the olive skinned Samoan with  his guitar; the European or  American in spotless white; and  last of ���������all the Fijian himself,  Conspicuous with his massive  head of hair, fantastically dressed to stand out from 8 to 12 inches from his head, and dyed any  shade from a golden brown and  a brick red to glaring chrome  yellow. He is so. proud of this  hair that he dreads being caught  in a shower of rain as we would  dread the plague.  An Interesting Character  The Fijian of today would be a  good farmer if he were not so  hopelessly lazy. In the early days  of. Fijian history war was the  prime object of his existence.  Even today, unless he can serve  in the capacity of policeman or  coast guard or otherwise domineer over his neighbous���������he cares  not if he works or not. He is  well cared for by the government. He knows he is secure of a  home and food as long as he  lives���������so , he should worry, he  says.  The Fijian man is fairly tall  and symmetrically built and in  movement is unusually graceful.  The adoption of European clothing among his race has tended in some cases to reduce the  standard of health and morals,  although the free use of the  white man's strong drink in the  early days of the colony has no  doubt been considerably to blame  for this.  HANBURTS  For  UMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOP & COAL  Phone: Bayview X075  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymow 21482.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  "Pride of the West"  -������������������;;"���������-;���������������������������":." "��������� BRAND-  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By x   .-A:  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Manufacture of Eava  While on the subject of strong  drink I cannot refrain from making mention of one native beverage that for its extraordinary effect on the human system stands  unrivalled. It is called kava, or  yaquona, being made from the  roots of the plant of that name.  It proWces a temporary paralysis' of the legs although the head  remains quite clear. A white man  under the influence of this liquor for the first time is a most  unusual if not ludicrous sight.  The drinking of kava used to be  a ceremony of state, accompanied  by weird songs and dances. The  method of manufacture in that  day was to have a young maiden  with good teeth chew the root to  a pulp. To this was added water  and fermentation accomplished  the rest. It must have been a laborious task to chew up enough  pulp for a king's feast. The king  always drank from the bowl at  the beginning of. such a feast,  handing it to the guest of honor. In case the guest was a white  man he was given the bowl, the  king drinking afterwards. It was  considered an unpardonable insult to refuse the drink. Nowadays kava is made by machinery  and has lost much of its romance���������and also of its loathsomeness.  Climate Unusually Healthy  The climate of Fiji is excep-,  tionally healthy for the white  race. The temperature at the  time of our visit, 84 degrees, is  about the average in the warm  season, although it has touched  95 degrees within the last few  years. The coolest temperature on  record is 60 degrees���������in the  mountain glens. The sanitary ar  rangements, even in the far interior among the mountains, are  excellent, and the system of quarantine against all vessels coming  from the ports where small-pox,  cholera or fever have been epidemic makes for a clean city.  Great Variety of Vegetation  No tropical islands surpass and  few tropical lands equal Fiji in  its rare combination of beautiful  scenery and interesting natives.  The rainfall ensures a wild luxuriance of plant life, the hibiscus,  geranium and other flowering  plants producing a very riot of.  color. The banana, cocoanut and  plantain trees are a source of immense revenue, of course, to the  colony, and every tropical fruit  grows to perfection. Rice and  cotton do well, being cultivated  by the Indian coolies on the lowlands near the coast.  The scenery in the mountain  glens resembles British Columbian scenery in some respects,  being in no sense tropical. There  are over 300 varieties of wild  flowers, ferns and medicinal  plants, not to mention some very  valuable woods.  Exports   of   Great  Value  Fiji's exports consist of sugar,  molasses, bananas and copra  (broken cocoanut meat). In addition a considerable quantity of  cocoanut oil and pearl shells finds  its way to Europe and America.  Arrowroot and tea were at one  time attempted, but what is raised is usually consumed at home.  All the popular tropical fruits of  course grow in-abundance at one  place or another in the islands,  although at the time we were  there the only fruits to be had  besides green cocoanuts were California oranges, Oregon prunes  and B. C. apples; none of which  were much to our taste. ^The  cause of this apparently unwarranted scarcity of fruit at the  height of the hot season was a  severe hurricane which had recently passed over Levouka, the  centre of the fruit belt. Suva has  escaped most of the violent hurricanes of the past few years.  Hurricanes Often Violent  These hurricanes, while undoubtedly devastating some of  the best plantations, serve to clear  away much of the excessive vegetation jland   to   destroy noxious  insects. They also charge the air  with ozone, making the climate  more invigorating for weeks afterward.  The islands of the Fijian  group���������some 220 in number,  only a few of which are large  enough to inhabit���������comprise an  area of nearly 7500 square  miles. They are all of volcanic  origin, supplemented by coifal  construction. In addition they are  all protected by ,coral reefs on  practically ,. all sides but the  south. The soil is excellently suited to the type of agriculture  practiced. Of late years it has  been discovered that cattle grazing can be made a paying industry, and some of the meat packers in Sydney, Melbourne and  Auckland are thinking of opening  cattle ranges on the islands for  fattening their beef cattle.  Now a  Crown Colony  Fiji is a crown colony now,  the sovereignty of. the islands  having been offered to Queen  Victoria in 1874 by King Thak-  ombau to avoid the embarrassment of a depleted treasury and  a debt to the United States long  overdue. The present governor is  appointed by the crown as in  Canada, and is assisted by an  executive council, partly European and partly native.  Cannibalism, which at one  time flourished in Fiji and made  the islands the terror of the civilized world, has been extinct for  over fifty years.  In -the days of its popularity it  partook somewhat of the nature  of a religious rite, only the chiefs  and the greatest warriors of the  various tribes being allowed to  participate in the feasts, women  being tabooed as well as men  also of the lower classes.  The worst features of this prac-  Has Daily Newspapers  Suva has two newspapers, the  Fiji Times and the Western Pacific Herald, both bustling little  dailies. They also enjoy the movies as we do, getting their films  on each liner as it arrives. At  the Grand Pacific, Hotel on the  shores of Suva bay you can get  a real Indian tiffin (lunch) ser-  ved in the courtyard diningroom  by elegantly costumed Indian  coolies.  This hotel, the only first class  one in the islands, is in appointment and cuisine the equal of  the best Canadian or American  summer hotels, and is well filled  from December to April with  tourists from Europe and America. From here many interesting  launch and auto tours may be  made.  Home of Royalty  We canoed one afternoon out  to Mbau, a small islet very near  the northeastern coast of Great  Fiji. This town is the present day  residence of what remains of the  old Fijian royal family���������the descendants of Thakombau. A  spell of romance still hangs over  this place and one is vividly reminded of the days when the  favorite wives of the dead king  were strangled and buried with  him in order that he might be fitly accompanied into the hereafter.  Resembles  Rivers  of North  One day we devoted to a  launch trip up the Navua river  where the big sugar mills are  grinding out the juice that  sometimes sweetens Australia,  New Zealand and Western Canada. This river is perhaps the  most picturesque in the islands,  rising in the mountain gorges  and coursing its way down the  slopes and out through,s the val-  Pbone Seymour 9086  One Is Apt  ������t times  to  be  forgetful, bat  don't forget that  A Deposit Box  in onr SAFETY VAULT will  protect your valuables, documents, heirlooms, etc, from  FIRE  or  BUB&LABY for  one  year for  $2.50  We cordially invite yon  inspect same  to  DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS STBEET W.  Try An AD in the Western Call  Under Entirely New Management, the  Call will meet a growing need for a  community Paper in Mount Pleasant,  South i Vancouver and outlying districts. Phone Fan. 1140 for Bates.  Wanted to Purchase���������Nine or ten-  room house, good lot, between Granville and Heather Streets and Eighth  and Thirteenth Avenue. Some cash,  deed to' Victoria property now renting, balance on easy terms. Must be  bargain. Reply Box 10, J. P's  Weekly.  tice, according to the early mis-1 leys in many a little cascade that  resembles those of the  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Banisters and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle' is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa. ���������,  sionaries, were the tortures with  which it was accompanied, some  of. the victims being cut to pieces  gradually and roasted and eaten  before their own eyes. Contrary  to the popular belief in some  quarters, none but those killed  in battle or captured were ever  eaten���������in no case would they eat  the body of a man who died of  natural causes.  Origin of Cannibalism  There is a legend still extant  among the civilized natives wljich  may throw some light on the origin of this revolting habit. One  time, after a desperate battle,  the ground of. the village was  strewn with dead bodies. Night  coming on, the victorious chief  ordered that no bodies be removed till morning, when he would  see to their burial. During 'the  night one of the houses in the  village took fire and burned down  roasting the bodies near it to  an excellent brown. In the morning, when they came to remove  the bodies, the first savage who  attempted to pick one up had  his fingers badly burned. Howling  with pain he very naturally put  his fingers to his mouth and lo!  the new and delectable flavor.  From that, time, so the natives  say, cannibalism became a com  mon practice.  Natives   Good Craftsmen  Of native products perhaps the  most interesting are the tapa  cloth mats which are woven from  the inner bark of the mulberry  tree. The men are also adepts at  building sea canoes, having until lately used no steel or iron  tools in their construction. The  natives are fond of adventure  and like nothing better than a  shark fishing expedition outside  the reefs. The Fijian boy will  dive with his knife between his  teeth and coming up under the  shark slit the loathsome thing  open. These boys are quite reek-  less of possible results; perhaps  they count on the odor of stale  cocoanut oil helping them out,  for surely no self respecting  shark could resist the pungent  smell that emanates from all Fi-  jians who anoint their bodies  with this oil.  rivers in  British Columbia.  Night Pleasures in Suva  Night time in Suva is one  long, cool, musical delight. You  can indulge in champagne and  dancing at the Grand Pacific;  or perhaps there will be a ball  at Government House or at the  civil service department to whieh  you can easily secure an invitation. The Victoria Parade is  well filled with a motley throng  ofJ natives and visitors attired in  various colors, the natives indulging in dancing or singing  to the music of their stringed  instruments and furnishing a  picture you may watch for hours  without tiring. The harbour and  the sea beyond send forth glimmers of phosphorescent light' so"  common to the tropics. Out in  the bay and along the distant  reefs shine the torches of the  fishermen, the whole making an  impression on your mind that is  pleasing and not soon effaced���������  an impression infinitely superior  to the colorless Fiji islands of  the  geography  books.������������������E.W.S.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MOTON*  BEGUI^TJONS  Back or Forth  "Say, pa!" "What is it?"  "Can a Rear-Admiral go to the  front?"  Coal mining rights of tbe Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $i an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease roust be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by. the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for ara  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine-at-the  Tate of five cents per ton.  The 'person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns'  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a  year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  June,  1914.  For ' full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion   Lands.  W.  W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  '- :;~,Ai  X'  ���������J 8  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, February 11, 1916.  GRANDVIEW ITEMS  An outbreak of fire occurred  on the premises of the Restmore  factory at the corner of Parker  and Glen Drive on Monday afternoon which did about ten dollars' worth of damage. The fire  was caused through overheated  bags in the drying kiln.  A frame bungalow owned by  Edith ^ewen and occupied by L.  R. Spray, at 3661 Union street,  was slightly damaged by~fire early on Friday morning last. The  cause of the fire is unknown;  the damage being about $150,  fully covered by insurance.  On Saturday morning about 1  o'clock fire was discovered on  the main floor of a three storey  building at 1700 Commercial Dr.  owned by W. L. Brown, and occupied by the Vancouver Drug  Company. The fire had started at  the rear of the passageway and  eaten its way into the basement.  The department responded promptly and only about .$100 damage  whs done, which is covered by insurance.  man Battersby, Frank Couling,  Don Morris, J. Prouten, J. Dai-  nes, J. Spence, C. Towers, W.  ToAvers,' V. Towers, L. ��������� Towers,  H. Ounstead, C, Ounstead, H.  Brooke, L. Brooke H. Spence,  C. Dalgleish.  On Monday evening in the Soldiers ' reading room, 1146 Com  mercial Drive, Prof. Odium gave  the first of. his series of four lee  tures on "Great Britain in Relation to the War," The subject  of the first lecture was "Abra  ham's National Blessings."   ���������  At the third annual festival of  the combined Anglican choirs of  the city, held in Christ church  this week, the choir of All Saints'  church was represented as follows: Mr. L. H. J. Minchin as  choirmaster, and Miss Heaps, organist. Sopranos ��������� Misses C.  Heaps, Moore, Woolacott, E.  Heaps, D. Oliver, Clegg, R. Clegg,  and Mrs. Dalgleish. Altos: Mrs.  Oakley and Mrs. Wood. Tenor:  Mr. Vernon Shaw. Basses: Messrs. E. J. Wood, S. M. Vincent,  M. Blott, W. Yorke. Boys: Masters   George   Macdonald,    Nor-.  The   officers    of   Ward    IV.  branch of the Red Cross Society  are: Mr. R. J. Hewitt, chairman; Mrs. W. Cowderoy, vice-  chairman; and Mrs. Emily Dun-  lop, secretary-treasurer. The  amount of money raised for the  greater part by some 17 entertainments for materials is $1,492.-  06. Field supplies and hospital  supplies, consisting in part of  1,650 pairs of socks, 200 shirts,  150 mittens and 72 pyjamas, 200  hospital shirts, 45 jackets, as well  as hospital accessories to the further number of 42,769 articles,  such as sheets, towels, gauze  dressings and bandages, have  been made up and sent to the  central depot.  The depot-of the branch is located at 1704 Charles street, and  is open on Tuesdays from 10 a.m.  to 5.30 p.m., .and at the residence of the secretary, Mrs. Dun-  lop, 1738 Charles street, where  work is received and distributed  during the rest of the week. The  Grandview and Lord Nelson  schools are giving useful assistance.  Cold Weather Poultry Hint*  Give your chickens WARM CHOP mixed with John Bull or Pratt's  Egg Producer.   Our  special DET MASH is  excellent  to keep fowls  healthy.  MAN0&&S 60c per 100 lbs., substitute for green feed.  8he*% Bono, Charcoal, Beef Scrap, Etc., help to produce Eggs. Keep  these always before them. 6  VERNON FEW) CO.  THREE STORES:  Mount Pleasant,   Phones:  Pair.  186 and Fair. 878.  49th and Praser.   Phone: Fraser 175.  Joyce St., Collingwood.   Phone: Collingwood 153.  According to a report made to  the civic bridges and railways  committee on Tuesday afternoon  by Aid. Mcintosh there is some  chance of better car service conditions for the residents on Georgia street east, the alderman explaining that the matter had  been taken up.with the city solicitor to ascertain the city's position, and with Supt. Murrin.  The city solicitor had advised  that the city could not compel  the company to augment its service. Under its agreement it was  compelled to supply car service  at specified times on specified  streets, but at the time the agreement was made, in 1901, there  was no Harris street line, so, under the icircu instances, no action  could be taken.  However, Mr. Murrin had intimated that it was possible the  eompany would in the near future continue the Oak street car  from Cambie along Hastings and  thence along Main to Georgia  east, thus giving the residents a  line that would run through the  centre of the city. During the  rush hours the service might be  a ten-minute one.  The choir boys of All Saints'  church are holding an entertainment on Wednesday evening, the  16th inst., at 8 o'clock in the  Parish Hall. They are being assisted by a conjurer of considerable fame in the west, known as  "The Great Courtier," a man of  many tricks.  n  ARMSTRONG, M0RKJS0N & CO.  LWJTUP x  Public Works Contractors  ' ���������       - .'���������'.'���������' X   . ^  ��������� -   Bead Qffl<*r8lOW^6w  Seymour 1830  VANCOUVER OAtfAPA  Dominion Coal Co.  SOUTH WELUNGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  AU Kinds Of Wood Phone: Pair. 1554  Mrs.  Philip  Smith,  of Cedar  Cottage, is receiving the congratulations of her many friends.on  the excellent work done by her  pupils in the recent theory examinations in Trinity College of  Music, London. Eng. Miss Nellie Alexander and Miss Rosie  Whelan passed with highest honors. Other pupils who passed  were Bessie Bell, Olive Baxter,  Illona Bennett, Mary .Oben, all  being junior grade pupils; Miss*  Pearl Wharton, advanced junior  grade; Harry Smith, Laura Alexander, Dulcie Smith,, Ella Law-  son, Michael Dalaurak, all preparatory grade pupils. Mrs. Smith  studied her harmony and theory  under Sir Robert Stuart and obtained a prize for composing  music from Sir Francis Brady  in the Academy in Ireland.  Fairview  The arts dance, the biggest social event-of the- season at the  university, will be held at Lester  Hall on Friday, February 25th.  Strt'3t-car passengers on their  way to work Monday morning  were much amused at the signs  which some \vag had stuck up.in  the snow-banks, at the corner of  Broadway and Granville."Firing  line first trench/to the right,"  and '' Communication. Trench,"  marked the right and wrong  places to catch the car.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  The date for the first annual  'Varsity dance is fixed for Friday, February 2.5. This is the one  social event'of the 'Varsity year,  and as it has been an institution  at. MB. C. it was thoiight best  to.continue it in spite of war conditions. Tlie dance is under the  auspices of the arts undergraduates'  societies.  The King Edward High School  ice hockey team met and defeated on1 Thursday-of last week  the Britannia High School team  by a score of 6 to 1. The game  was a little ' faster than usual  and very cleanly'* played. McLean of the King Edward team  was in vfine form, scoring three  goals himself. Brown of the same  team was responsible for two,  while Goodman with his pretty  shot scored the sixth goal. Bud  Wood scored for the losers.  The University of British Columbia boys who have been in  training at Kingston are sailing  for England from St. John, N. B.  today.  The sympathy of friends and  relatives is extended 1o Mr. and  Mrs. Ewen, 1985 8th avenue west,  in the death of their infant daughter, Mary Ewen, on Friday  last.  The. Red Cross workers of tbe  Scottish Daughters' League met  at the home of Mrs. Brydon,  192,3 17th avenue west, on Thurs-  day afternoon of last week, and  at the home of Mrs. AH. Mc-  Robbie, 1571 llth avenue west,  on Wednesday evening last.  The University of British Columbia Players' Club will present  a modern comedy in the Avenue  theatre on February 18. The play  chosen is "Fanny and'the.-Servant Problem," a comedy qi a-  musing situations from the pen  of the English'humorist, Jerome  K. Jerome.  The  annual   meeting   of  the  governors of the general hospital was held on Wednesday  evening, the reports showing a  deficit of. $24,303.75 as compared with $17,369.83 for 1914.  This is considered quite satisfactory when the general business  depression is taken into consideration.  A feature of the meeting was  the presentation of an address  to Mrs. H. A. Walbridge, president of the Woinen's Auxiliary,  expressing the appreciation of the  board, for her valued services  during the past three years.  The cadet corps and students  of Ihe Lord Tennyson school, assisted by a number of pupils of  the King Edward High School,  have planned an interesting programme to be given in the high  school auditorium this (Friday)  evening. The cadet band will  open the programme, which is as  follows: Flower dance, girls of.  the Tennyson school; instrumental t������io, Messrs. Armstrong, Hall  and Rowan: dance, Constance  Devlin; cantata, "Brier Rose,"  Tennyson school; song, Reitha  Reid; patriotic inarch, pupils of  Tennyson school; Roman dance,  ������irls of King Edward High  School; recitation, Ingram Parke;  camp scene, cadetff; duet, Elsie  Chandler and Viola Dill; recitation, Viola Dill. The orchestra  of the King Edward High School  will assist.  The University of British Columbia is greatly pleased by the  favorable reception being accorded to the work of one of the  members of the faculty, Prof. J.  K. Henry, of, the English department/is a botanist of repute; and  liis recently published "Flora of  Southern- British Columbia," has  been cordially welcomed by those  of the "botanist fraternity."  Those who have attended his lectures in English will be able to  understand an appreciation" of  his, book���������'' compact, and clear  arrangement, and additional explanatory notes showing so'.much  sympathy with the need's of students."  Mr. Graham Laing, M.A., gave  a most interesting lecture on  "Classical and Foreign Literature in Translation," at the King  Edwkrd High School last Friday  evening. The lecture .was, the  fourth of a series of seven lectures that Mr. Laing is : giving  on topics pertaining to literature.  Miv Laing illustrated his study  of. translation by referring ��������� to  comments on Greek drama,  French, Russian and German lit-  jerature. Mr. Laing, among'-other  .things, said: "I have pointed out  in previous lectures that the  character of .the   people   is   ex-  ��������� pressed in its literature, a statement which I think is particular-  = CUT FREIGHT RATES =  Household Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world at a saving  yon of from 25 per  cent, to 45 per cent., owing to our improved method ������  packing and superior shipping" facilities.   For "Fireproof? Storage, Bemova  in "Car Vans," -High Grade Packing, or Shipping ut "Cut Bates", see ub-  prompt, reliable and courteous service.  "WE KNOW HOW"  _ N  CampbellStorace (ompany  Oldest and largest in Western Canada  TherJE Seymour 7360       ,, Otitcl 857 Beatty .Street  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1I37L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture flanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhpnging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per . cent,  to '7 per cent. .  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision,  , Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine,  Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molsoh's Bank Building r 513 Hastings St. West  Get Your Leckie Boots  Weather  British Columbia climate is hard on shoe leather but LECKIE'S BOOTS ANP SHOES ABE.  HARD ON THE BRITISH COLUMBIA CLIMATE. First, because the leather that goes into  each, and every LECKIE SHOE is cut from the  choicest portion of the hide; second, because the  most modern methods are used in cutting, shaping and. stitching a shoe which will not only  , WEAR, but which will FIT YOUR FEET and  give you absolute comfort. LECKIE'S' today is  the leading British Columbia shoe made for a  British   Columbia   climate.  Jroist that you be shown a Fair of  LECKIE'S  Your Dealer Carries Leckie's.  ly true of modern classics. The  discoveries of science are common properties to all the'-world  through translation. "  Mr. Laing will give Ins next  lecture in tlie King Edward High  School tonight when his subject  will be "Light Literature and  the Modern Humorists."  The Board of Works department is busy preparing for- the  thaw by clearing the water  eourses. --'������������������''  The Broadview Women's Forum met, yesterday afternoon,  when the election of officers and  enrollment of new members took  place.  Mr.  H.  A.   Campbell,  of Edmonds, who has   been   employed  ! as a meter reader by the B.C.E.R.  Co.. has  enlisted forV active ser  vice   with the   North Vancouver  Engineers.  Mr. Edgar Stride is back home  from his bicycle tour to the San  Francisco exhibition, which was���������  taken in company with Mr. Robert Barr. Mr. Barr left his companion at Sacramento to take a  course at a business college there.  Mr. Stride. rode to a point one.  mile within the Mexican border.  Reeve    Fraser    has   received  from the Railway Commissioners  at Ottawa a copy of an order  made by the. commissioners as to  the B. C. E. R, tram service on  the Burnaby Lake line'; "upon  reading what.is filed by the complainants, and on behalf of the  railway company, and the report  of the inspector of the board,  concurred in by its chief operating, officer.'' The schedule set  forth in the order, dated January 29t, . 1916, is the same, as  that now in effect on the Burnaby  Lake   line.  f,'Ai

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