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The Western Call 1915-12-24

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 /.j\.f������SS!V-n.  ,���������>���������'     4        j  ")* 1 '���������I,,     '  -VV'i  ' X   -     %  9  L#������fcl  S5&  .OLUME VII.,  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  T. j. Keiirnar  J U. Mclntyie  Funeral WtGcbor  T. I Kearney t Co.;  Funeral   Dbeetoa -  and BiPfnlmifTfi'  At your service day and'  niKht.  Moderate <;harge������-  808 Broadway Wert  Flume: Pair. IMS  VANCOUVER, BRITISH, COLUMBIA,, FRIDAY, DECEMBER,24, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  N*38  ������n������ii"i  THE WAR AND CHRISTIANITY  OF ALL THE FORMS of irrational pacifism  there is none more difficult to "suffer gladly"  than that which goes about, nose iri air, protesting that it has a conscientious objection* to military service." Force is the ultima ratio of every  community, in the present stage of our civilization, and until the millennium dawns we can conceive of no other argument. "A failure of  Christianity"���������so,this struggle is called, as if the  marvellous spirit, the fortitude, the heroism, and  the self-sacrifice of our; soldiers and sailors  counted for nothing; as if the sublime resistance  of, Belgium and Servia were not a rebuke to  those who regard the shedding of blood as the  unpardonable sin. Whatever truth there may  be in the criticism that war should be impossible among Christian peoples, the world has  learned through bitter experience of the aims  and methods of Germany that if the Allies had  been animated by- a conscientious objection to  military service there would have been precious  little Christianity to illumine the earth when  Germanism had swept victoriously over Europe  and riveted the chains of militarism and materialism on abject nations. The pacifists may believe themselves to be the salt of. the earth. For  our part we think that the humblest "Tommy"  who offers his life", to his country practices  more of the virtues of citizenship and even of  Christianity than the whole crowd of conscien-  tious 'objectors.���������Glasgow Herald.  WHO'S JmfQi. W TW  VJCTW?  IT IS NOT ALL HARMONY in the ranks of  the Liberals on the question of. opposing the  new ministers although pertain interests which,  .batten on the party are moving the heavens-  to make i$ appear that the rank and file desire  a fight. Some of the older- and we might say, /  wiser ones, think it better for the party to keep  its powder dry and wait for the big fight in the  general elections. These men argue that there  ' is little to be gained and a great deal to lose by  going into the bye-election contests. They claim  that to do so will only disclose their hand and  shoot off a good deal of useful ammunition  which should be kept fresh for the real fight.  However, these men seem to be overborne by  the noisy clamor of the party organ and cer-  ��������� tain voluble near-leaders. So far as the Conservatives are concerned they are only too anxious  for the scrap. After it is over the province  will have a fine"objectlesson of ��������� the weakness of  the Liberal party in Vancouver and Victoria.  Latest despatches seem to indicate that the Liberals are discouraged with the. prospect of opposing- Hon. Lome Campbell as many Liberals  have already voluntarily pledged him their support.  Their opponents are enjoying some quiet fun  watching the Liberal candidates in Vancouver  v trying to sidestep the sacrifice. Enemies of  Ralph Smith in. his own party demand that he  be made the goat. It is pointed out that he  headed the Liberal ticket in 1912, being at that  time only 1828 votes behind Mr. Tisdall. His  friends say that because M. A. Macdonald is  president, of the Provincial Liberal Association  . it is up to the latter to make the plunge. Neither of. them likes the risk of the loss of prestige which will follow their defeat, and no doubt  both realize that their downfall would be the  signal for an onslaught of the pack, resulting  in their political extinction.  Mr. Brewster, the Liberal leader, told Montreal financiers that British Columbia was going  to the Bow-wows. Toronto and^New York financiers were so deeply impressed that they granted Mr. Bowser, B. C's. new Premier, a further  loan for ten years at rates equal to Dominion  . terms.  The Season's Greetings  ANOTHER YULETIDE SEASON is at  hand, and as we go to press memory- takes  us back to those joyful days of childhood  never to return again;, Christmas is essentially a child's season-of festivity. And  with all its joys and sorrows the year that  is now drawing to a close serves only to  remind us of the fleeting of time in the  lives of mankind.  The Western Call, like all other publications, has had its times of joy and sorrow  during the past year? but withal, the year  has been a good one. We, therefore, wish  to give expression in heartiest thanks to  all our friends for their assistance throughout the year and wish to extend to one and  all the heartiest Greetings of this Joyous  Season.  GREECE AND THE ALLIES  THE WAR  THIS WEEK has witnessed many important  events in the prosecution of the war. The British troops have been withdrawn from Gallipoli, ,  marking the conclusion of a "forlorn hope"  campaign. Germany announces her intention to  invade Egypt. Lloyd George literally condemns  the nation for its dilatory manner in,providing  munitions of- war. German financiers point "to  bankruptcy unless the ejid comes soon.' ���������  It must be .clear to all 4 close observersi* that  these are days of heart searching on both sides,  and much depends on the decisions arrived at.  In Britain it would seem that better judgment  is to prevail, as is evidenced by the abandonment'of the Gallipoli campaign. It is not an  easy thing to do���������to admit failure���������but it is  often in the long run most wise. Germany will  not be deceived by this move? however, on the  other hand her leaders will "fear" the result  rather than glory oyer it.' They know the English too well to accept a partial triumph.  There seems no reason to doubt Germany's  intention to invade Egypt. They will likely  succeed in getting an army as far as the Suez  Canal having as their objective Cairo, but at  that point they will be confronted with Britain's  power, both on land and sea. In all likelihood  it will be in this arena that the greatest struggle  of the war will occur. We are not for some  time to come to see the end of this war, and we  may as well face the fact. Our burden will be  heavier, our losses greater, and the anxious  hours prolonged. In Canada we are far from  realizing our position, and its possibilities. We  are so confident in our assurance of ultimate  victory, that we minimize the price to be paid  for it. Victory can only come through a united and devoted people, co-operating, on the  front, in the factory, and in every walk of national life.  There are a few faint rumors of "Peace  Suggestions." If we conclude a "Peace" now,  it will be because, as a race, we have failed in  our trust; and it will not be a lasting peace,  but only an armistice, giving Prussianism time  to reconstruct its campaign on surer lines, to  break out again in a more terrific struggle still.  Some men build up their fortunes; some inherit them; some have them thrust upon them;  some get wealth in such a manner as to make  even a slight reference to it obnoxious.  DON'T GO DOWN TOWN TO DO YOUR  CHRISTMAS SHOPPING. PATRONIZE THE  MERCHANTS,OF MOUNT PLEASANT. YOU  WILL GET QUALITY AND PRICE THAT THE  STORES WITH THE HEAVY RENTS CANNOT MEET.  THE DEMANDS formulated by the Allies  to Greece are repprted to comprise the following  subjects: (1) The safeguarding of Greek neutrality; (2) the safety and unhampered action of  the Allied troops operating in Greek Macedonia;  (3) the policing by the Allies of the submarine-  infested territorial waters. Assurances of "benevolent neutrality" do not amount to much if we  cannot get them strictly defined and guaranteed.  It is not of much use to a belligerent to be told  that his liberty of action will not be interfered  with if, owing to "the presence of Greek troops  and their concentration at various points, the  belligerent has to immobilize part of his forces  on protective grounds, and, in addition, has only -  a limited and secondary interest in the restricted means of communication from the port he is  using as his base. Again, it is a serious matter  for hs security on land if his maritime communi-  , cations are to be left at the mercy" of inadequate and perhaps unsympathetic sea police. If  German submarines are availing themselves of  the shelter of Greek territorial waters, and are  using' sequestered parts of the Greek islands to  obtain supplies and gain information, and if  Greece has not "the power���������as prhaps her gov-  eminent have not the will���������to insist,on the pir-  . ates keeping to the open sea and getting their  , supplies elsewhere, -the Allies must take control  of ��������� the situation themselves.-   We canttoj^afford  ' any, further trifling. .  BON, MR.  BOWSER'S MAJNTOTO  OUR~ NEW PREMIER has issued an address  to tbe people, the key-note of which may be  summed up in this paragraph:  "I conceive the most vital duty resting upon  the administration, of which I am leader is, in  the first place, to adopt a sound business policy, coupled with reasonable retrenchment, until such time at least as the serious problems  now confronting our Empire, shall have been  surmounted. To put it in other words���������British Columbia needs a period for business readjustment, free from any venturesome or experimental legislation, in which to recuperate  from an era of speculative expansion, which was  not peculiar to us but common to the whole  West and perhaps to the grea'ter portion of the  American continent."-    - - - -  This is a very sound position to take, and  those who know Mr. Bowser know full well  that he will carry out his program faithfully.  Mr. Brewster is busy making fun of the  Premier's statement, but the thinking public recognize that it is altogether too businesslike a  statement to be disposed of by "poking fun."  Whatever his faults mayVbe������ no one can successfully charge Mr. Bowser with "insincerity."  He is sincere, determined and an indefatigable  worker.  To carry out his "business" policy, Mr.  Bowser has selected very capable ministers, and  already there is a better, or rather more' settled  feeling in regard to British Columbia's affairs.  A very prominent Liberal expressed himself this  way, "Well, I am glad the government uncertainty is now settled. We can now get down  to business and cease worrying." There is a  restored confidence in the government from all  parts of the province, the general feeling being  that Mr. Bowser is the right man to bring the  province through this crisis.  Fighting Joe Martin is _ out for Mayor. This  means more fire-works with heaps of fun and  noise and no results. But then, Joe wants no  "salary," only an-"expense" account. The voters should judge Joe's expense account by his  legal bills in the Dominion Trust liquidation.  Beware.  ���������*; (r 4 Friday,  December 24,   1915J  t?  THE GERMAN GOD  How Patriotism  Has   Displaced  Morality  In all the innumerable articles  and books which have been written for or against Germany since  the war started there is (says  an American observer) scarcely  one clear statement of the fundamental assumptions which are  made on the one hand by Germany and on the other hand by  her opponents. Yet these two  sets of assumptions are perfectly  definite, and there is all the difference in the world between  them. It must always be remembered that Germany possesses  a wonderful organization, and  that a wonderful organization  means, among other things, willing subordination. Thorough organization, on the German plan,  is :qot practicable in a country  where the coal-miners every now  and then go on strike- in the  midst of a fight for existence and  where a union of labour leaders  acquaints the government that  they have decided to disobey certain orders should they be issued. We are not now discussing  the merits of this procedure; we  are merely pointing out that it  is incompatible with the spirit  which permits complete national  organization.  Machine-Made Patriotism  Owing to th*e German's ever-  present consciousness, whether he  be soldier, merchant, inventor, or  what not. that he is a unit in a  great machine, that he definitely  fits in. that his activities are' not  random and.unco-ordinated activities* he acquires an enormously developed consciousness of the  state. More than1 any other peo  pie, the. Germans realize tbat they  /form part of :a great state. Put  ,?iing the, matter briefly, and  therefore with some over-empha  ' sis, we may say that* to an Eng  lishman, England is the country  he lives in, while to a German  Germany is tbe country be lives  for. The aggressive patriotism of  the German abroad has, all the  vigour of a religious devotee defending his faith. For by now the  German's devotion to bis country has changed almost to a worship of the State. Like other  worshippers, he must have an idol  so he has invented an abstraction. It is a compound of all German virtues and aspirations, and  it is called Deutschland. In  conversation with Germans it is  a little difficult to get at.the precise significance they attach to  this concept labelled Deutschland. It does not mean merely  the Germany of the prestnt; in  some way it includes the Germany of the future���������all that Germany is and all that it is going  to be.  Now this conception leads to  a, code of morality which differs  from that of practically every  other nation. It gives the German  a different set of moral assumptions. It is frequently said that  certain German methods of warfare are dishonorable. But, granting the German point of view, it  is plainly impossible to add to  the wealthy importance, and power of Germany by dishonorable  means; for any action which  adds to the wealth, power and  importance of Germany is thereby honorable. The end (from tho  German point of view) entirely  justifies the means, for by the  proposed end' are the means judged. The philosophy is not new  but the scale on which it is practised is new. The opponents of  Germany merely have a different  philosophy. They believe that  there are certain root principles  of conduct Well expressed in a  certain famous American document, to which not only individuals but also nations are subject.  This belief 4s very general except in Germany.  Morality Jettisoned  To the Germans all rules of  morality are subject to the requirements of the State. The German is not, as some of his most  frantic opponents have asserted,  a conscienceless devil or an inhuman fiend. He is merely a worshipper of a new deity, whose  name is Deutschland. Being ardent and thorough, he is willing  to violate anybody else's code of  morality in the defence and extension of his own. A man's actions must be judged by their  motives. It is, therefore, irrelevant for the opponents of Germany to call the German wicked,  although  they may fairly    de-  Electrical Gift. WW Olva Oraater gatifaction  PO   YOU*   SHOEING BAB&Y  U^ittheWay  To Bettor Business  Utilize the brilliant white radiance of the Tungsten  Lamp in your"' show windows and throughout your store  for the holidays.  Take advantage  of our special  price offers:  Size Trice  25 Watt. ...;.......  .25 Cents  40 Watt  .25 Cents  60 Watt .25 Cents  A whole case (100 lamps) or a half case (50 lamps) will  be sold at OOi/  per lan������P    ������������������-���������.���������-          -���������--���������.4A'*C  See  display  of these  lamps at  our  salesrooms.  CABBALL AND HASTINGS 8T8.  Phone Bey. 5000 1138 Granville St, ntw Davie  scribe him as, from their point  of view,, objectionable. A system  of belief which exalts Germany  above all the world and which  only concedes to other nations a  right to exist in so far as they  directly or indirectly minister to  the power and glory of Germany  might seem to a keen observer to  compare the scientific and artistic achievements of Germany  with, say, those of France, it  might even appear ridiculous.  But its believers are no lukewarm  lip-servers, and they testify to  their belief in blood and iron.  The Tsar of all the Russians  has proclaimed a holly war. The  French, British and Italians all  conceive themselves as fighting  for the root principles of civilization. Germany fights for the  Deutschland. This war is v very  largely idealistic. Besides fighting for territory, the control of  the sea, and such like plain and  material things, each man. at  heart a mystic, is also fighting  for his God. ���������rGlasgow Herald.  LOSS OF HALIBUT TRADE  FULLY DISCUSSED  .'['W'K   ' BRAND  OVERALLS- SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Alaska Bureau of Chamber of  -Commerce Hears That Prince  Rupert Has Obtained Commerce Worth Millioiw.  (From "Seattle Times")  By capturing the fresh hailbut  trade, Prince Rupert has diverted  from Ketchican, Alaska, and  Seattle a commerce worth more  than $1,000,000 a year, according  to statements made by experts  before a meeting of the Alaska  Bureau of the Seattle Chamber  of Commerce yesterday.  ' A committee of five has been  appointed to investigate the situation fully and discover, if possible the best, means of recovering the lost commercial prize.  The fact that Prince Rupert has  become a formidable competitor  was .brought out at a luncheon  given by the Alaska Bureau > at  the Arctic Club yesterday to  visiting Alaskans.  H. C. StrongpJ. J. Daly, J. C  Barber, and F. Byus, representing the Ketchikan Commercial  Club suggested that the Alaska  Bureau try to .induce Congress  to pass such legislation as would  force Amercian ships to bring  their products to American ports  for entry. They believe that in  this event, the Grand Trunk  Pacific Railroad, which hauls the  fish to the East in refrigerator  cars, would be compelled to establish terminal rates and a ferry  service to Ketchikan. Because  of the-shortage of^the^ haul? it  ���������was pointed, Seattle would  have difficulty in competing with  Prince Rupert for the trade.  Another Idea Advanced  J. C._ Ford and T^ J. Gorman,  however> thought that such legis  lation, even if enacted, might  have the effect of causing the  fishermen to change the registry  of their ships to the British flag  and it was suggested that the  railroads entering Seattle be  urged to establish a terminal rate  at Ketchican, using .refrigerator  boats to bring the product to  Seattle.  At the suggestion of secretary  J. L. McPherson, Judge Thomas  Burke, who presided appointed a  committee composed of J. C.  Ford, T. J. Gormani������ James A.  Haight, Maurice D. Leehey and  J. L. McPherson to investigate  the matter.  William A. Gilmore, former  mayor of Nome, suggested that  the Seattle Chamber of Commerce  take up the matter of. inducing  Congress to pass such legislation  as would enable the Alaskans*to  adjust these ^affairs for themselves.  Alaska's Handicap.  . "We are qualified to adjust  these things," said Gilmore, "but  under the enabling act* we are  not allowed to legislate. The  territorial government granted to  us has a string to it, and every  Washington gives the string a  yank. Under the law we cannot  even build a road or a school,  without first running down to  Washington to get permission.  "We should have a territorial  law giving Alaskans the right to  adjust their own local affairs,  with the provision that when we  pass a law it shall become a law  unless Congress sets it aside  within a given period."  Gilmore expressed the grayest  doubt as to anybody present, or  their children, living to see Alas-,  ka granted statehood.  "Did it ever occur to you that  Alaska is not a part of the United States!" he asked. "It is  non-contiguous territory^���������anl in-,  sular possession���������and Congress  always will seriously object to  granting staehood to any territory that lies beyond the seas."  Politics. He Says  He intimated that the. plan to  obtain statehood for Alaska at  present had been promulgated for  political purposes.  Besides the Ketchikan delegation and Judge Gilmore, the  guests of the luncheon were A. B.  lies of Valdez, W. B. Henderson  of the United States bureau of  foreign and domestic commerce,  C. H. Black, John H. Cobb, editor  of the Pacific Fisherman, and  Fred C. Johnstone. The Alaska  Bureau was represented by E. G.  Anderson, E. B. Burwell, J. H.  Edwards, J. C, Ford, T. Hart-  man, S. H. Hedges^ Falcon Joslin,  Maurice D. Leehey, A. W. Leonard, J. L. McPherson* E.'L. Webster and A. H. Soelberg.  REDUCE SERVICE ON  1 DXTERURBAN LINES  Burnaby Lake and Lulu Island  Lines Affected by B. C. E. B.  Order. ,  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises alway  'y-������������������;.;'' ..* ..-.' onf handx  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU;  5c  Pound  .Loaf  SH-3LLY 'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values which make strength  and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean.  BUTTER IfUT  BREAD  is the best and least expensive food you can  8ervev daily .on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. ComeB in sanitary waxed wrappers.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread.     Fair. 44.  Service on the Lulu Island and  Burnaby- Lake lines of tbe B. G.  Electric Railway Company will  be cut practically in half on Pec.  15, thereby giving a car every  two hours instead of. every hour  as at present. Changes bave-become necessary, it is said by officials of the company, because traffic does not now, and has not for  some time, justified the frequent  service which has been maintained on these lines. In fact at no  time since the opening of these  lines have the earnings met the  operating  expenses.  Care has been taken in working out the new timetable to continue* as far as possible, the service ^ustified^by^tbe traffic andr in  this connection it will be found  that practically a fifteen-minute  service during the rush hours of  the day will be maintained on the  Lulu Island line between Vancouver and ^burne.  The cheque paid by the B. C  Electric to the city as percentage  on the gross receipts of the tram  lines for the month of November  amounted to $3323.14, as compared with a cheque for $6145.51 for  the corresponding month of 1914,  a decrease of $2822.37.  The number of passengers car  ried on the city and suburban  lines last month was 2.269,542,  as compared with 2,611,978 for  November, 1914, a decrease pi  342.436.  MACHINERY MARKET  IN CHINA  Dr. David K. Bergstrom, the  former Minister of War for Sweden, has been appointed Consul-  General to Canada. -This is a  newly-created  office.  Seyen million one hundred  thousand bushels of grain was  taken out at Port Arthur and  Port William in two days, the  greatest grain rush in the twin  poi'ts" history.  Ottawa's population has declined 1,632 in the past year. The  figures for 1914 were 101,795;  for 1915 they are 100,163.    The  decrease is attributed to  enlist-  time we pass a law, somebody at  ment.-  The following particulars regarding methods of. securing  electrical and other machinery  contracts in China have been furnished by Mr. T. M. Ainscough,  the special commissioner appointed by the Board pf Trade to in-,  quire into the conditions and  prospects of British trade in  Cbina:  There would appear to be two  clearly defined systems by which  the large contracts in China,botb  government and private, for the  supply of plant agd machinery  can be secured. The first system,  is that of appointing one of the  large, mercantile houses, having  branches at all the important  centres, as general agents on a  fixetf^gfeenwht^for "aTt&rmAPT  yeah* and is the system employed  by almost all the large German  manufacturers of arms and munitions, industrial machinery,  and electrical machinery and supplies. Its principal advantage is  that the manufacturer enjoys all  the benefits accruing from the  connections of. an old-established  firm ready to hand, offices in all  the principal Treaty Ports, and  valuable Chinese connections, in  return for a fixed percentage of  rebate-on his prices to cover  agency commission and expenses.  In' addition it would be advisable to send say four or five  qualified engineers trained in the  home works, preferably with  some knowledge of Chinese, who  would be attached to the principal centres in China, use the offices and staff of the agents and  visit all provincial capitals, arsenals, mints, and other places  where the demand for machinery  warrants their attention. Unfortunately, at present, there are few  British mercantile firms possessing a widespread organization  embracing branches in all the  principal treaty ports.  The other system is to conduct  the business direct with the Chinese, and open offices at four or  five of the main centres, with  qualified engineers attached, who  are competent not only to draw  up specifications and quotations  on the spot- but to carry on with  Premier  Pancake  Flow  M������4e from CHOICEST  of Wheat Prodwti.  AGmAftlJS to W  SENS*.  Tko ONLY Pancake  flour MAPS In VANCOUVER.  ASK YOUR GROCER  the help of a good Chinese staff]  lengthy negotiations with Chinese j  officials and native purchasers.  It is'a well known fact in China]  that  there  is very little  money]  to be made in laying down large!  electrical   installations   in    that j  country. Most of the profit is de-J  rived from the supplies and accessories, and consequently German and American firms always]  endeavor to stipulate in the con-1  tract that renewals and supplies]  shall be purchased through   the]  firm   supplying the   original installation.  United Kingdom ''makers have,j  as a rule, employed agents in one  or two of the ports, but have not'  carried on a campaign  all  over'  China as large German firms have  done. The German firms have always worked with an eye to the!  future,   and  in   cases   where   a  plant was invaluable as an advertisement to Chinese and others,  they were prepared to quote it at  a   loss   to secure   the   contract.  Examples of this may be found  in the   work   executed   for   th%  municipal power station at Shanghai, the   Shanghai/ native    city  tramways,    and    the   "Wuchang  electrical installation.  Overheated pipes during cold  spells are the cause of numerous  fires. Friday, December 24,  1915.  FOR THE BELGIANS  The following letter has been  feceived at this office from the  Central Executive Committee of.  [he Society for Relief "Work for  (he Victims of the "War in Belgium, from 59 St. Peter St.*, Mon-  |real, as follows:  Our  work started  at a. time  rhen Canada was suffering from  Economic uneasiness felt, we may  srell say, by everybody.  Nevertheless the Canadian nation, mov  sd   by the   profound misery  in  irhich the most sublime of sac  [rifices   had plunged   its Belgian  [allies found in its noble generos  jity the means of assisting the lat  Iter in proportions which the Belgians, will ever remember   with  the greatest sense of gratitude.  Owing to the liberality of    the  gifts of which we were the re  [cipient,     -we    were     fortunate  enough last  winter to  forward  | for distribution in Belgium   five  full cargoes of relief goods besides different" separate consignments. X  Since that time our shipments  remained stationary,  our  financial resources not having enabled  us to carry out our anxious wish  to fill a sixth steamer. The gifts  received during last summer are  | insufficient; we need about three  times as much money as is available at present to j buy a  cargo  [of wheat, for it is chiefly bread  [that is wanted in unfortunate Bel-  fgium. We are sorry to state that  in the meantime, far from diminishing,   needs   in ' Belgium have  [kept increasing.  To the   pillage,   burning   and  [massacres of the   beginning, the  collective fines, seizure of. merchandise and the thousand exactions from the occupying power,  have been added the suspension  of internal communication and  the stopping of external traffic.  No country is more essentially  industrial than Belgium; the industrial mass represents half of  its population, while its agricultural class scarcely amounts  to one million and a quarter of  individuals. Under normal circumstances, seven tenths of its  industrial production are exported. That is to say that foreign  markets are absolutely indispensable to the economic existence  of that country. Since she has  been placed under the Teutonic  yoke, these markets have been  ; closed for Belgium, which has  practically been placed in a state  of. siege.  The Belgian nation is bearing  this lot with a patience and resignation such as can only be  given by urishaking confidence in  the ultimate triumph of justice  and right.  The ocupation which is choking the country renders impossible its economic resuscitation  and until it is evacuated by the  enemy the number of the needy  ones will keep on increasing.  Seven million Belgians dared remain in Belgium. The majority  of them have fallen in poverty  as a consequence of the industrial paralysis and require to be  assisted by the benevolence of  the outside world. A recent re  port, from Mr. Herbert Hoover,  the devoted president of the com-  A Rich Flavouring and Full Bodied Tea, skilfully blended and packed with care in our new  Hygienic Factory.  Retailing at 50 Cents Per Pound.  TheW.H. Malkin Co. Ltd.  Vancouver, B. G.  mision for relief in Belgium,?con-  tains the following p.ainful statement:  "The growing and gloomy  problem is one of unemployment  for month by. month, a larger  proportion of the industrial mass  of over 3,500,000 people falls  fuither and further into destitution."  As the public is aware, whatever their origin may" be, ~ the  goods destined for relief in Belgium aro transmitted to their  destination by the above commission, which supervises the distribution under special guarantees from the belligerent powers. ,  In certain quarters, the impression prevails that the commission for Relief in Belgium  has assumed the heavy burden of  feeding the Belgian population  from funds collected exclusively in the United States and that;  'as a consequence, the generous  co-operation of the j other countries was not required. Such is  unfortunately not the case, as  shown by the repeated appeals  of the commission, among other  friendly countries, especially to  the British einpire. X \  We are on the threshold ofv a  new winter which will be hard  and painful to the suffering Belgian -population.;1;,  On the, other hand the condi  tion of business in Canada has  fortunately improved in a remarkable manner.  You who have been spared the  horrors of invasion, will you  once more as you so generously  did last winter, give a compassionate thought to the martyr-  people, to the nation which deliberately sacrificed itself in the  defence of the noble principles  at. stake iri the gigantic struggle  in which we are all-involved?  It is bread that we are asking  for the Belgians, the bread that  must help them to live through  the anxious expectation of deli  verance.  It is estimated that a bag of  flour costing only' $2.50 would  make enough bread to feed two  Belgians for a month. Is it asking too much that you forego a  luxury so that a life may he preserved?  Your cheques or money orders  may be addressed either to the  provincial or local committees of  our work or directly to the Central Executive Committee of the  Relief Work for the victoms of  the war in Belgium, which will  duly acknowledge receipt.  first   Glass   Shoe   Bepairing.   Orders  Promptly Done.   Open Until 8 p.m.  Phone Fairmont 2008  P. T. PAWS  Men'B Bubber Heete, 60c. Special Bobber Reels for French Lady's Heel, 40c.  /        Any  Shoes  Dyed   Black.  2245 Spain St. Vancouver, B.O.  dhell, there is still a use found  for what might be considered a  factory waste. The perforated  shell is ground up and sold for  chicken grit, for which it is admirably adapted.  ^ There is -no doubt that, were  it generally known that the shells  have a market value, a much lar-  ger supply could be secured from  the inland streams in other parts  of the country.  FISHING  BY  STEAM TRAWLERS  Advantages   aad   Disadvantages  of this Method of Sea Fishing.  SHELLS FROM OUR  X    ���������- ^JWUTO^WATOIS  One of Canada's Little Known  Resources Being Utilized in Mho  Manufacture of Buttons  ftf  TRUST COMPANY CHARGES  Charges for 'I*rust Company service are usually the same as would  be allowed for similar service by an individual. They are never  more. Trust Company service excels that rendered by individuals,  not in expense, but in effectiveness.  North West Trust Company, Limited  E. B. MORGAN*, PRESIDENT  509  RICHARDS  STBEET. c PHONE, BEY.  7467  ft  Sovereign Radiators-  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. CX  Canada has natural resources  of which little is known. One of  these, which is of but recent development, is the clam-shell fish  ery. In many of the inland  streams, large quantities of shells  may be found. Prom the Grand  river, in south-western Ontario,  alone no less than 165 tons of  the clam or washboard shellhave  been taken. Other species found  in the Grand river are the muck  et shell and sand shell.  A use has been found for these  shells in the manufacture of fresh  water pearl buttons. For this  purpose, from two to three hun  dred tons i are used annually, a  little considerable portion of  which comes from the United  States. These shells have a mar-  ket value of from $14 to $2.5 per  ton. The fishing for the shells is  done under license from the Ontario fisheries and" Game Department, under a royalty of one dollar per ton.  As shown in our illustration,  the button discs are cut from all  parts of the shell, some of the  discs being 11-16 of an inch in  thickness. They are afterwards  split to the required thickness for  buttons. -  After the dies are cut from the  When   steam    trawlers    were  first introduced in the Maritime  Provinces,   no   little   opposition  was aroused among the fisherman  accustomed  to hooks  and lines.  They naturally  feared the com^  petition caused by the tremendous  catching  power  of -the trawler,  and as Jsteam trawlers require an  expensive  gear,  they  were prevented from adopting this method  themselves.   Fears were also expressed that  the  twale  a huge  bag-shaped netf dragged over the  bottom of the sea, would destroy  the breeding grounds of the fish I  and lead to the depletion of the'  fisheries.   In view of these complaints,   the   Dominion   Government took action and prohibited  the operation of steam trawlers  within twelve miles of shore, so  so that the inshore . fisheries, at  least, are preserved to the hook  anddine fishermen.  ������������������   There  are  certain undeniable  advantages of the steam trawler,  which make it certain that it has  come   to   stay.. Very often the  hook-and-line fishing is suspended for various reasons, such as  scarcity of bait or stormy weath  er.   The otter trawl does not use  bait and, as the fishing is not done  from dories, it can be carried on  without   interruption.   Moreover  the dog-fish pest is not a serious  menace   to the   steam   trawler.  Owing,  therefore,   to   these   advantages, the operators Of steam  trawlers can always, depend upon  having a' catch for keeping the  market steadily supplied.  The fish caught by this promiscuous method are, however,  apt to be damaged, owing td* the  rough bandling.y^Theotter trawl  scoops up everything from the  bottom of the. sea and the whole  mass is dumped unceremoniously  on the deck. Consequently the  fish often arrive in the market  with scarcely any scales on and  with the flesh bruised and thus  deteriorated. Moreover, the steam  trawlers often remain a considerable time at sea before delivering  their catch on shore. The best  fish are certainly those taken inshore on the hook and line, carefully handled and quickly landed  and sold. Fish so taken are perfectly fresh and their flesh is  firm and in the choicest condition.  The Telephone  will take you  Quickly  The telephone is the short cut. It .will  take you anywhere, in a moment.  Whether the objective point is in town,  in the province, on anywhere along the  the coast, it's all the same.  Every telephone is a long distance telephone, and one place is as near-as another.  Day or night, any kind of weather, the  telephone is always in service.  ~-4.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, limited  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINIStS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  A Timely Hint  O'Leary, V.C., is bright as well  as brave. To a young fellow who  begged him for one of his buttons as a keepsake> Michael said:  "Is it one button only you're  wantin'? Sure, if ye'll just cross  the road a bit-, there's' a fine-  lookin' sergeant there who'll give  you a coat full of buttons for the  asking; and you'd look mighty  fine in khaki, me lad."  The   souvenir    hunter    disap- \  peared. -  The Norwegian parliament will  not award the Nobel peace prize  this  year,  following  the' course  adopted   last      year,   when   no  i award was made.  519 Sixth Aye. West.  Vancouver, B. O.  ���������_���������&  /       V-  J. D. McNeill  MAYORALTY CANDIDATE  Solicits your vote  and influence.  t  OUBFALI^NHUROBS  They shall not grow old, as we  that are left grow, old;  Age shall  not  weary  them, nor  the years condemn,  At  the going  down of the sun  and in the morning  We will remember them.  They   mingle    not    with   their  laughing comrades again;  They sit no more at familiar tables at home;  They have no lot in our labor of  the daytime;  They sleep   beyond   England's  foam.  But where our  desires   are  and  our hopes profound.  Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,  To the innermost heart of their  own land they are known,  As the stars are known to the  Night.,'    . jf   .  As the stars that shall be bright  when we" are dust.  Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain.  As the stars that are starry in  the time of our darkness.  To the end, to the end, they remain.  A women's League has been  formed in Stratford to assist in  carrying local option.  Ralph Evan Freeman has been  chosen as Rhodes scholar from  McMaster University.  Phone Seymour 9086  One Is Apt  at  times. to   be   forgetful, but  don't forget that  *  A Deposit Box  in our   SAFETY   VAULT   wiU  protect   your   valuable*,    documents,     heirlooms,   etc.,    from  FIBS   or   BUBGLABY for   one"  year for  $2.50  We cordially invite you to  inspect same  DOW FRASER  TRUST CO.  122 HASTINGS STBEET W.  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citixen Building, Ottawa. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday,  December 24,   1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M. P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Faii^ont 1140.   X  SUBSCRIPTION:  One, Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ALD. MAHON  FOR SOME TIME past the friends and supporters of Aid. Mahon have been urging him to  stand as a candidate for Mayor, but he has  finally decided not to enter the field in that  capacity. The citizens of Ward V., however,  will be pleased to know that the genial alderman will be a candidate again in his own ward.  Next year only one alderman will be elected for  each ward? and Mr. Mahon* s long service will  win for him strong support.  GAMES FOR CHRISTMAS AFTERNOON  Games fill in nicely the time "between the  dark and the daylight" on Christmas afternoon.  A "holly hunt" demands that holly leaves be  placed about the house in plain sight, but in  unusual places. - Each child goes a-hunting the  leaves with a basket, and the one who finds  the largest number receives a prize.  For a cranberry race each- couple has two  bowls, one partly filled with cranberries. Each  person, using the left hand) tries to see hovr  many berries he can. move from one bowl to the .  other with a tiny spoon.  Envelopes filled with, > cupup pictures of  Christmas scenes posted on cardboard and pass-  ed one to each person give quiet fun. The contest ia putting the puzzles .together and seeing  who can do it quickest.       ���������    X  1 A variation of the familrai "donkey" game  is played aa follows: A1-  A large tree is drawn on paper and fastened  on the wall! Pictures of Christntais gifts cut from  advertisements and catalbgues^are distributed  among the guests. Each is blindfolded in turn  and tries to fasten the gift on the branches of  the tree. ,  Some .inexpensive prizes for Christmas contests are blotters, decorated with holly in water  colors or oil,' and butterfly needlebooks. Painty  bon-bon boxes may be made of. water color paper  ov ot cardboard covered with crape paper. These  filled with nome-made candy are always acceptable.  THIN* IT OVER ONCE AGAIN  When you've made up your mind that it's not   your- place -  To answer the call of your King?  As your chums march off with a smiling face,  To the bugle's stirring ring.  Just ask yourself, "It is not too bad  That I'm not like other men?"  And think it over again, my lad,  Just think it over again.  When you 've heard of the deeds of a fearful foe,  And read of their hellish hate,  And you don't seem to feel that you ought to go  To avenge brave Belgium's fate,  Just ask yourself, "Will I be a cad?"  And stop right there and then,  And think it over again, my lad.  Just   think it   over  again.  When you think that you've argued the whole  thing through,  And decided you will not go,  Just pause once again as they say to you:  "Who is going to keep out the foe?"  So to fight for your country you'll be glad,  And you'll join the colors when  You think it over again, my lad,  You think it over again.  ��������� The Chicago death ship "Eastland" has been  sold to the U. S. National Naval Reserves. It is  suggested that she will be used for special training in case a vessel turns turtle. Her aptitude  for this stunt is to be taken advantage of.  Libel suits are quite the rage. Some would  even go so far as to sue publishers of a paper  for libel for telling the truth about them���������they  hate to hear the skeleton rattle in the cupboard.  '9  ffiJfriattttta mwmgtz from % (ttkrgg  THE WESTERN CALL has been favored  this Christmas number to print a number of messages from prominent clergymen residing in the  field served by the Call. We commend these  to.the carefur and serious consideration of the  public, in the hope that an otherwise sad and  almost cheerless Yuletide may be brightened by  the thoughts contained in them.  Rev. J H. Miller, B. A., Cedar Cottage Presbyterian Church:  "The Christmas season is the gladdest* happiest season of all the year. It has a joy all  its own, a joy that will not down. To-day, in  spite of the great world war, with all its hate  and passion, with all the awful desolation and  sadness it has brought to thousands upon thousands of homes and hearts, the note of joy rings  louder, louder even than the roar of cannon or  the wail of voices. Not, all the sin and hate  and envy and lust of men can silence the sorig  that comes to us away across the ages from that  first Christmas morning. ' Behold, I bring you  good tidings of great joyl' To-day we can see  beyond the smoke of battle the dawning of. Va  better day than the world has yet known. A  truer and broader brotherhood, a larger freedom  and a more enduring peace we believe shall'be  the outcome, and only as these things come, is  life worth living. It is a terrible price to pay,  but strange though it seems, we cannot have  these things without paying the price. 'Ercept  a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it  abideth alone, but if it die, it bringeth forth  much fruit.' It's only in our childlikeness, our  helplessness and our tears, that we can learn  the great life lessons. Let us rise up to better-  men and women and so go to meet the new*  day." , f  4   .  Rev. E. Manuel, Grandview Methodist:  "How gloomyVirJaolteU  we to face a Christmas under such circumstances.  If life consisted in merely1 human things it would'  be but bitter irony to wish our friends a '.Merry'  'Xmas.' The raging war. and consequent financial depression have overcast the Christmas sky  with clouds, and over some heads they  have  broken with anything but blessing. There are  many  lonely hearts,  because loved  ones  have  gone and will not return.     But we would joy-!  ously celebrate this Christmas because it has inf]  it that which may bring joy to the most sorrowful and comfort to the careworn and weary.  "No good can come from troubling. 'Ye "be-,  lieve in God? Does He fail? If. we believe in Gdd>;  on general principles, why not in Jesus in par- ���������,.  ticular  as  Saviour and  Friend?  He  came  tot  make others happy. He was God's best arid greats  est gift to us, and whilejwfeM^  hibition of God's love to the world and joyously say 'Thanks be unto God for His unspeakable gift,' let us evidence for His sake kindness to others, and this will make our own burdens lighter.  Remember His words, 'Inasmuch  as ye did it unto one of the least of these ye;;  have done it unto me.'    We have all learned  important lessons   during the   past   year. We  know more about ourselves, the, weak points^ in,,,,  our characters, the strength of our habits and:0  the sinfulness  of our hearts. We  know  more  ajbout   the world, its   uncertainty,   its   insufficiency,  and its  vanity.  We  know  more about  God, the kindness of His justice, the wideness of  His mercy, and the comfort of His presence and  grace. For in our sorrows He has cheered us,  and in our  darkest  clouds and  bitterest  cups  we have seen reflected as in a mirror, the brightness of His face, and the glory of His unchanging love.   'Our   faithful unchangeable   Friend.  "Thus made wiser by our own. and perhaps  sad experiences, we ought to enter upon this  Christmas season with greater hopes of. success  than ever before. And in making our plans for  the future there ought to be more of wisdom  and conscience, and in carrying them out, more  simple reliance upon God. So though it is dark,  if our ears are attuned to the heavenly music  we shall still hear the angels singing 'Peace on  the earth.,' for we are fighting the battles of a  world peace and brotherhood. And if we love  mercy, do justly, and walk humbly with God,  prosperity will again bless our land and ours  shall be the 'righteousness that exalteth a nation.' And so, we never more sincerely than  we do this day* wish you A Bright and Happy  Christmas." '-'.-���������'  Rev��������� A. F. Baker, Mount Pleasant Baptist:  "Others"  The above suggestive word is the motto of  a Mount Pleasant Sunday School, and was a  wise world wide message of the late General  Booth to his faithful followers in every land  and clime.  This spirit is finding expression in the Sunday School entertainments of many of the  churches of this year. We are beginning to realize that the spirit of the Master is not the spirit  of getting, but of; giving. Nature exists not for  itself alonef but for the benefit of mankind. The  babbling brook, rippling down over rocks and  ridge, exists for 'Others.' The shining sun in  its splendor and power, the gentle rains, the  dews from heaven* and the mighty shower, all  for others. So may the gifts/that go from us  this year be 'white gifts for the King.'  This is the Christian secret of a happy life.  The more we give to others, the fuller and richer.will lif e be to us. The less we give the greater the poverty. Unto us a child is born, unto  us a Son is given���������is Given. This is the Christmas spirit. Shall we not, in the language of the  poet, follow the example of Him Whom this  day we celebrate:  Lord help me live from day to day,  In such a self-forgetful way,  That even when I- kneel to pray,  My prayer shall be for���������OTHERS.  Help me in all tbe work I do,  To ever be sincere and true,  And know that all I'd do,for you,  ' Must needs be done for���������OTHERS.  -X... J-.W .    r.��������� ���������.__    ���������. X  ���������  '^���������" ������e. "Selfc" ^e erueifiea-and slain,.  And buried deep; and all in vain  May efforts be to rise again,  -    Unless to live for���������OTHERS.  And when my -\vork on earth is done,  ' And my new work in heaven's begun,  May I forget the crown I've won,  While thinking still of���������OTHERS.  'Others, Lord, yea, others,  And less of self for me,  Help mfi to live for others,  That I may live  like  Thee.  .Rev. W.'J. Sipprell. D. P., of Mount Pleasant  Methodist:  "The conditions of life in the world to-day  differ in: many ways from such as have obtained  Jninearly all the years jhrough^whi&uthe-pres-  ent generation has come. Some would, perhaps,  be disposed to think that the race finds itself  in a totally new experience. However, this  may be, there is a conviction that in some way  the changed conditions of life ought to affect the  view we take of the significance of life and its  relations. That a change of outlook upon life  and of attitude toward life is apparent and even  real is not difficult to discover; That further  change Of view is still needed before we shall  be fully seized with the obligations of the serious  mind will appear, no doubt to all. But at this  time of the season, looking upon the national  confusion and struggle, one might be disposed  to ask. Does the war affect the meaning of  Christmas, or does it change the Christmas  message? -  The days of the past have emphasized too often at Christmas tide the external and' superficial, rather than the deeper realities of this  , greatest event in the history of the race.  We have called to mind the song and message of angels,* and the gifts of wise men, and  have been ready with our songs and our gifts, with  merriment and with cheer, and of these there  should be no lack. LeJ this Christmas-tide, perhaps, more than all others, be an opportunity  for us to take our songs of cheer and our tok-  - ens of love to every heart that knows anything  of the world's sadness and gloom. But all this  may be done, and has been done, and the great  central fact of Christmas be lost out of sight]  Christmas is not an epoch in, the world's his-1  tory because Of the angels or the wjse men]  above or about a cradle, but because of the  Divine Personality in tne cradle itself. Per^  haps this deeper reality will receive consideration at this time, when men are thinking soberly. The message of Christmas is not love and1  good will among men only, but it is rather a  message of God's love and God's life and God;'s  saving grace breaking into a sinful world. It is well to know the sympathizing  love of, man, but it is better to know the saving  love of God* and the real peace and good-will  among men.< The only sort that will abide and  which is worth while knowing is that which  begins in a sense of the love of God. Our songs  and our, gifts have gone forth for centuries and  doubtless! they have softened the asperities Jpt  life, but we are not yet by these brought o*ut  of confusion. Have we gone with these andlef|  the Christ behind? We seek arid- Struggle: fo������  reforms and we do well:, but we shall have no  permanent good until we bow before the great  Reformer and '-Veiled in flesh the Godhead seeV."  The message of Christmas, then, should be  the message of the Christ Himself. "God so  loved the world that He-gave His only begotten  Son that whosoever believeth in Him hath ever-f  lasting life." ..  Ring in the valiant man and free,  The larger heart, the kindlier hand,  Ring out the darkness of the land,  Ring in the CHRIST that is to be."  Christmas and The World's Peace���������Rev. A. S.  Mitchell, B. A'., Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian:  r When Bliss Carmen was asked last year for  a Christmas poem* he replied in these words:  ','In the name of the Merciful One what is there  to,say on this4914th anniversary-of-Hia-birth,  when an unexampled sea of hatred has befen  loosed on the world; where is one to find enougl  -faith in love to write of Christmas?" f  Anyone who attempts to put his thoughts on  paper discovers how hard it is to bring to people  at this time a message that will not minimize  the seriousness of present conditions, and at the  same time bring to people stricken as neveir  before, some word of cheer. x  Yet what a difference the coming of Jesus  has made in the world. It is the difference between light and darkness. It is Christmas that  unifies the races as nothing else does���������the very  nations that to-day are in opposing trenches,  are-one in recognizing a single Master and loir  gettirig all differences, sing the world hope of is  coding peae^  forts and the fortresses, the national hatred and * j  the warlike spirit, arid celebrate the worlds  one Master, one Hero and Redeemer���������a celebration which is a prophecy of His universal supremacy over the Sons of men, of universal  peace.        .   '' ''* . v,- .' ������������������ 'x  It is Christmas that pleads for brotherhood.  When Jesus came the world was divided into  Patricians, slaves and Plebians. His mission was  to preach deliverance to the captives, and where  His principles are put into action, there can  be no slavery. "God hath made of one blood all  nation's for to dwell on the face on the earth."  The golden age, portrayed by prophets, will be  characterized by spiritual communion, being the  bond of brotherhood.  It is Christmas, in the presence of a world  cataclysm, that sounds the note of hope. Back  to Christ. As the clouds hang heavy, as sorrows multiply, as one by one all other hopes  vanish and all other schemes break down, the  heart of humanity rises to a higher key and utters an urgent note of hope, "Back to Christ."  So, if those of us who seek to follow the Prince  of Peace are taken once more to Calvary and  Olivet and there renew our vision, we shall  take a long step forward towards the coining  of that peace of which the angels sang on  the  plains of Bethlehem.  GERMANY FIGHTS GLASS THROWING  The acknowledged scarcity of rubber and  rubber products in Germany at the present time  has resulted in a new order of the German government, issued through the medium of its school  teachers. Every teacher has been instructed to  tell, his pupils to look carefully over the road  ways which they have to pass, and to pick up  every bit of. broken glass, or sharp pieces of  metal, which might be injurious to automobiles.  The importance of the automobile in the war  operations has been put before the school children in so graphic a manner that they are enthusiastic over the prospect of being able to help  glass or bottles upon the highways, are subject-  its efficiency. Grownvups who are seen to drop  ed to severe reprimand on the first occasion and  to a fine on the second. Motorists who in former  years have .been suffering from the broken  clare that the order has cleaned the roads as if  glass and sharp tacks on roads and streets, de-  by magic* and jthat punctures or blowouts are a ^ '  rare occasion at present. Friday, December 24, ��������� 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  Why shop downtown and pay more when you can obtain everything necessary right here on Mt. Pleasant? Cheaper rent enables us to give better  value for less money.   Be loyal, save time and money and buy on the Hill.  Suggestions  Give him a Fountain Pen.  Give her Box Papetry.  He likes a nice Pipe.  She just loves.Chocolate*.  He needs Military Brushes.  Ask her about a Manicure Set.  Make    her"   happy    with    a  Toilet Set.  Did you Get Tour Nyal's Vic-  , trola Coupon Yet?  EXTRA SPECIAL  Fresh 'Xmas Chocolates 25c lb.  Xmas Hard Mixture  15c lb.  INDEPENDENT  DRUG STORE  Cor. 7th and Mala St.  .'. /-  Learn To Earn  By attending Mt. Pleasant's up-to-date Business  School. .-,','-,'���������  WINTER TERM OPENS  MONDAY, JAN. 3RD.  The Cost is. Less. The  Service Better. See us  NOW.  Phone: Fair.   2075  SUCCESS  BUSINESS  COLLEGE  LIMITED  Cor. 10th and Main Street  Vancouver, 8. 0.  Mount  Pleasant  Florist  fr, J. TAYLOR  Cut flowers, Holly, Mistletoe, Plants,  2456 Main (Near Broadway)  Who** Taylor?  PICTURE FRAMER  2414 Ma>������ Street  FRAMES FROM 10 Cent. UP  CHRISTMAS    CANTATA  "The Story of the Star" is a  bright, sparkling patriotic, missionary Christmas cantata. Prom  beginning to end there is not a  dull moment, all nations are represented in costume, and tell  in song and story how the light  of Bethlehem's star has brightened the dark corners' of this  world. The Mt. Pleasant Salvation Army Sunday school will  present this cantata on Wednesday, Dec. 29th, at 8 p.m., in the  citadel, 7th Ave. and Quebec St.,  Christmas tree at close of programme.  FERDINAND   OF   BULGARIA  Up to the end of October 31,  1915, 12,221,117 lbs. of raw heet-  root sugar? equivalent to 11,315,-  849 lbs. of refined sugar, were  obtained in Canada from 48,197  short tons of "sugar beetroot. At  the same date last year the corresponding figures were 12,295,-  200 lbs. of raw sugar from 48,-  480 short tons of roots worked.  Much has been wfiten from  time to time concerning the personality of King Ferdinand, of  Bulgaria, who today looms larg  er oh the horizon of Europe-  larger ahd blacker than ever before. XHe is the son of his mother* Clementine, daughter of  King Louis Phiilippe, rather than  of the father, Prince Augustus,  ofV Saxe-Cobourg and Gotha, who  died when he was twenty, and  whose personality was colorless  by comparison with that of his  wife. V-  Princess Clementine of-.Coburg  lived to be an old woman, and  she lived to see some of her ambitious realized. If she were living, today she might be sorry to  see in what direction her training has led her son. Yet would  she? A clever woman* with a  perfectly immense talent for intrigue, the daughter of the  French King plotted and planned  all her married life to gain for  her men-folk a position that  would to some extent compensate  for the loss of France. With her  husband' she could do nothing,  but her eldest son responded to  her aspirations and her upbringing in a manner (that delighted  her. She schemed and planned,  and he schemed and planned with  her; she whispered crooked counsel to which he responded with  a'whole heart., After the fall of  Prince Alexander of Battenbury,  Princess Clementine resolved, by  hook or by crook (preferably by  crook, since that came more na  tural to her), to secure the Bulgarian throne for her son. She  had a great fortune, which she  guarded with the zeal of a miser,  but in this cause she spent money  like water. It was not an easy  task she set herself* for Bulgaria  did not aspire after Ferdinand,  who was only offered the princedom when other possibilities were  exhausted. '  Bulgaria has certainly gained  in importance under Ferdinand,  although she^ owes something of  present importance to her geographical position/for twenty  eight years ago it was almost as  difficult to secure a desirable sov  ereign for it as for Albania two  or three years ago. Once on the  throne, he arid his mother set  themselves to win the good grac  es of those powers and most of  all was Bussia, the great neighbor, wooed. To gain the good-will  of the Tsar, Ferdinand stopped  at nothing. He had been brought  up in the Roman Catholic faith,  and he had taken a wife, Princess Marie of Parma, from a family that was as strongly devoted  to Roman Catholicism as any in  Europe. When the elder son of  the mariage������ Prince Boris, was  three years old the Tsar decided that it would be better for  the child to be brought up a  member of the Orthodox Church.  Ferdinand agreed to this, dispensing with the permission for  the change, which the Pope refused to grant, with the result that  Princess Marie left her husband.  He threatened to divorce her and  marry again, and for the sake of  her children, the Princess agreed  to return.  Why not Buy on Mt. Pleasant ?  Our showing of Xmas Goods are from the beat makers of the  different lines, and the prices no more than in any part of the city,  for similar . goods. , ;  ������.;_ v.w ������_..v��������� Safety Bason in. Gold,  Silver,  Ebony Hair Brushes, Parisian Ivory.  Military Hair Brushes, Perfumes: Plver's, Soger's and  Parisian Ivory Sets, Qallet's.  Brush and Comb ChristmM Stationery. ,.  (Made up to Suit) Cameras, Etc.  We have an excellent line of Moir's and Neilaon's Chocolates.  LAW THE DRUGGIST  Lee Building. Broadway and Main  Don't be so foolish as to go  way- down town and buy your  Christinas Gifts. Start with the  men you know. You will be treated right and will get value for  your $$$$$$  THE SACRIFICE SHOE SALE  The genuine sale of Wood & Son's North Vancouver  stock of High Grade Shoes is still going on and will continue until all sold.  The support we have received from the residents of  Mount Pleasant shows they appreciate the great saving  on every pair and proves we can compete successfully  with down town continuous sales.  Several thousand dollars'worth yet to sell. They must  go to make room for Spring and Summer Stock.  Come Early and Often While Sale Lasts.  EVERYBODY'S SHOE  STORE  Open Every Evening.  2 Doors from P. Burns' Meat Market  2313 Main Street  At the meeting of the Ministerial Association held on Monday morning Rev. A. E: Mit-  chel of Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church, gave a paper on  the subject "Some City Problems  and our Attitude Toward Them."  The Union decided to have the  paper printed for the benefit of  its members.  Special Christmas services with  Christmas music was held in Mt.  Pleasant Methodist church last  Sunday and large audiences were  present iat all the services. The  other churches in Mt. Pleasant  will hold their Christmas services  this coming Sunday* and an elaborate program of music will be  presented.  The cantata, "Queen Esther,"  given by members of the Mount  Pleasant Methodist church, was  repeated in Dominion Hall on  Tuesday evening of this week, to,  a large audience. As on the previous occasions the cantata was  admirably rendered and was a  fittting triumph for the co^Juc-  tor, Prof* J. Ainsley.  Give Footwear this Xmas.  Jno. McAllister's  Reliable Footwear  It heads the list for sensible Qifts because it is  always useful, always  comfortable, fashionable,  and serviceable.  .3405 Main Street  (Next Bingham),  Mount Pleasant  Wishing you all a  Merry Christmas and  a Happy and Prosperous  New Year.  Crown .Electric e\  Fixture Co.  O. LANG, Mgr.  N_ 101 BBOADWAY   BAtt  To Vow  With "all Good Wishes for a Bright and Joyous  Christmas ami a Bright and Happy New Year.  HARDWARE,  2337 Main Street '>!>������������������  Mr*. Coulter of tlie Women's Bakery,  "Wishes tor offer you her sincere thanks forkind-patronage-  during the past.  Our aim is to make THE WOMAN'S Cake and Bread  the standard in every particular so that no matter when or  where you find them on sale you will always find them  fresh and satisfactory.  Our display of Christmas Cakes and Plum Puddings  would tempt any lover of good things to eat.  Wishing You a Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New  Year.  The Sunday School of Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian church,  will have three Christinas entertainments next week. On T'ues  day afternoon the Juniors will  be entertained at the annual tea  and gift social,, on Wednesday  the Beginners and Primary de  partments will hold a similar  function, and on Thursday evening the main school will hold the  annual tea and concert. Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian school has  grown rapidly in recent years,  and within the past three months  has added many new scholars to  the roll until it is now the largest school in British Columbia.  sons  Stationery  and Fapcy Good*  2241 .Main Street  Urge Pisplay of Joyi  Advertise in Mt Pleafefifc  only paper, "Western Call."  THE BRITISH NAVY  Who asks what the Navy is doing?  Who asks what the Navy has  done ?  It has saved our land from invasion at the hand of the  merciless Hun���������  It has guarded our shores (Oh,  _ ye faithless!) from the tramp  of the murderous horde���������  It has shielded our home from destruction by fire, by sheU  and by sword!  Our cruisers have swept the vast  oceans, that our breadstuffs*  our food and our stores,  May be brought by our traders  securely, and landed in peace  on our shores.  They have convoyed our armies  in safety, to fields of incomparable fame���������  They have brought them from  Eastward and Westward, to  battle in Britain's name.  What, because the great ships of  our Navy are silent, unseen  in their might,  Do you think of them idling in  daytime ? Do you picture  them anchored at night?  Why. there's never an hour, nor  minute when their grip is  released of the foe���������  Though they're threatened with  dangers all round them,  with the treachery of mines  from below.  This our Navy has done and is  doing, all tbis it will do to  the  end,  Till   the   might   of  the enemy's  broken,   and   his   arrogance  made to unbend���������  Till the wrongs of. the weak whom  he trampled, whose cities he  gave to  the  sword,  Are recompensed fully and justly, and Freedom and Peace  are restored!  Eating between  Meals js perfectly  WfttiPir^r  Healthy, Active  CMtoren  ���������Give Tbem Qoo4  ��������� < Eaergy-R&stori&g  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Breads  .ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  Blade of Canada's most miuak*������ Hour and  -water in British Co_miilJa> most -sanitary,  5  PULL  16  OUNCE  LOAF  Bvery one "mealed at the oven"  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers of BETTER Bread Friday, December .24,  1915.  fr=  HOME TABLEHTNX8  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, December 25th  Sing the song of great joy that the angels began,  Sing of glory to God, and of good will to man.  ���������John G. Whittier.  Breakfast���������Steamed Figs. Rice and Cream.  Puff Omelet. Warmed Biscuits.. Coffee.  Dinner���������Oyster Canapes. Celery. Olives. Consomme. Bread Sticks. Roast Goose, Giblet Sauce.  Spiced Apples. Stuffed Potatoes. Cauliflower.  Grapefruit Salad. Cheese Balls. Plum Pudding,  Hard and Liquid Sauce. Salted Nuts. Bonbons.  Coffee.  Lunch���������Scalloped Oysters. Lettuce Sandwiches. Christmas cakes. Tea.  Potato Stuffing for Goose  Peel, boil and mash six medium sized potatoes and add three tablespoonfuls of melted  butter, one teaspoonful of powdered sage, -one  teaspoonful of pepper, two teaspoonfuls of salt  and three tablespoonfuls of. finely chopped white  onions cooked in butter until tender. Beat until  very light.  ��������� *   *  Sunday, December 26th  Leave us our Christmas and we can well afford to  let go almost all the other tics that bind memory's  strands to the supporting posts of life  "~ ���������Temple Scott.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Eggs Vermicelli on  Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Carrot Soup. Salmi of Goose. Mashed Potatoes. Baked Onions. Lettuce and Pimento  Salad. Cheese Wafers. Orange Mousse. Coffee.  Lunch���������Creamed Shrimps with Peas. Toasted Pilot Bread. Canned Cherries. Cakes. Tea.  Orange Mousse  Soften one tablespoonful of granulated gelatine in four tablespoonfuls of water, dissolve  overboiling water, add seven-eighths of a cupful of powdered sugar and a dash of salt, stir  until cold, strain and add gradually to one pint  of heavy cream beaten until stiff. Stir in one-  half cupful of orange juice and the juice of  half a lemon, turn into a mold, cover, pack in  ice and salt and let stand from three to four  hours. Remove from the mold and serve with a  garnish of orange slices.  -       Monday, December 27th  High deeds happen daily. /  Wide trtiths grow , more clear���������  "Each day is  the beat  Of somebody's  year!"  ���������Priscilla   Leonard.  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Potato Omelet. Graham Puffs. Coffee.  Dinner���������Onion Soup. Baked Mutton Chops.  Steamed Rice. Buttered Turnips, pickled Beets.  Cranberry  Charlotte.  Coffee.    ,  Swper���������Baked Eggs with Cheese. Tomato  Jelly Salad. Tea Rolls..Molasses Cookies. Tea.  Baked JSggs with Cheese X~  # Butter a shallow baking dish and sprinkle  with grated cheese. Break in tbe required number of eggs, pour one tablespoonful of heavy  cream over each* season with salt and paprika,  cover with grated cheese, dot with bits of butter and bake until the whites begin to set.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Tuesday, December 28th  The yeara are flowers and bloom within i  Eternity's  wide  garden;  The roBe for joy, the thorn for sin.     .    >.   ���������  The gardener God, to pardon  ^Alljyilding���������growth8>=to^prune,.jeclaim,^^ ^^ ���������        ^-^..^  And make them rose-like in His name.  ���������Richard  Burton.  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Ham and Eggs:  Coffee   Bread.   Coffee.  -������������������ Dinner���������Bouillon. Roast Beef. Yorkshire Pudding. Mashed Potatoes. Squash. String Beans.  Cream  Puffs.   Coffee./  Supper���������Broiled Oysters., Maitre d'Hotel  Sauce. Celery. Hot Biscuits. Fudge Cake. Tea.  Broiled Oysters  Season one cupful of fine dry bread crumbs  with one-third of a teaspoonful each of salt and  paprika. Wash one pint of large oysters, remove any bits of shell which may cling to them,  dip in   melted   butter,   roll   in   the   prepared  crumbs, place on a greased broiler and broil on  both sides over a clear fire. Place on toasted  bread moistenedXwith hot oyster liquor* pour  over them some maitre d'hotel sauce and serve  at once.: '���������������������������-��������� ' '��������� ��������� ;.  Maitre d'Hotel Sauce  Cream four tablespoonfuls of butter, add one  tablespoonful of chopped parsley, one-quarter of  a teaspoonful each of salt and paprika and a  dash of cayenne, then add slowly two tablespoonfuls of lemon juice. - V.  ���������   ���������.*������������������������������������  / Wednesday, December 29th  "The promise of the New Year has been kept;  He promised roses, countless, fragrance-filled;  And grass, and leaves, and daisies, clover, ferns;  Bird-songs, and  zephyrs���������all haB been fulfilled."  Breakfast���������Oranges. Broiled Honeycomb  Tripe. Potato Cakes.  Warmed Biscuits.  Coffee.  Dinner���������Vegetable Soup. Sliced Roast Beef.  Worcestershire; Sauce. Baked Macaroni with  Cheese. Stewed Celery. Squash Custard. Coffee.  Supper���������Egg Salad. French Rolls. Gingered  Pears. XJake. Tea.  Salad Dressing  Mix thoroughly one tablespoonful of mustard,  one tablespoonful of salt, one-quarter of a teaspoonful of celery salt, a dash of cayenne, one  and one-half tablespoonfuls of. sugar and two  tablespoonfuls of flour. Add the beaten yolks  of four eggj3, one-third of a cupful of melted  butter, one 'and one-half cupfuls of milk and  one-half cupful of vinegar. Cook over boiling  water until the mixture coats the spoon? stirring  constantly, then strain and cool.  ���������   *   ���������  Thursday, December 30th  Under the silent, vhite-souled stars I bow.  Alone in tbat vast hour when dies the year���������  On that strange border-land of Then and Now.  The acreage of doubt and hope and fear.  ���������Emery Pottle.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Browned Beef  and Potato Mince. Dry Toast. Plum Marmalade.  Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato Soup. Braised Liver. Baked  Potatoes. Creamed Parsnips. Cabbage and Walnut Salad. Apple Meringue. Coffee.  Supper���������Curried Vegetables. Pickled Primes:  Corn Bread. Currant Drop Cakes; Tea.  Currant Drop Cabas  Cream one-half cupful of butter with one  cupful of sugar, add one beaten egg and beat  until very light. Dissolve one-half teaspoonful  of soda in one-half cupful of sour cream and add  to the first mixture alternately with two and  one-fourth cupfuls of sifted flour. Dredge one-  half cupful each of currants and chopped nut  meats with one-quarter of a cupful of flour and  add to the cake batter. Flavor������with one teaspoonful of vanilla, drop from a spoon oh to buttered tins, sprinkle with granulated sugar and bake  in a moderate oven.  ... v ���������'   ���������   ���������  Friday. December 3Jst  " Orphan Hours, the, Year is dead!  Come and sigh, come and weep!"  .-' Merry   Hours, smile   instead  For the Year is but asleep;  See, it smiles as it is sleeping,  Mocking your untimely weeping."  ���������Percy Bysshe Shelley.,  Breakfast���������Bananas. Cereal with Cream.  Broiled Jgish. Rye JSiscuits. ^Coffee,  x .���������__  Dinner���������Macaroni Soup. Scallops Baked with  Bacon. Potato, Balls with Parsley. Brussels Sprouts, Mock Cherry Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Liver Terrapin. Stuffed Olives. Buttered Toast. Baked Apples Stuffed with Dates.  Cakes. Tea. "x    '.    ���������  Mock Cherry Via  Wash and cut into halves enough cranberries  to make two cupfuls, cover with sufficient cold  water to float them, let stand one hour, then  drain and pour oyer them one cupful of boiling  water. Mix two tablespoonfuls of flour with two  cupfuls of sugar, rub in one tablespoonful of butter, add one cupful of seeded raisins and finally  stir in the prepared cranberries. Bake in two  crusts.  ".TINGLE  FOT"  GOAL  BUILDERS'  SUPPLIES  FUBNITUEE  BAGGAGE  and  PIANO  MOVEB8  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump. $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AMD FIRE  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but We specialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage. We have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  YOUE  PATRONAGE   IN   ALL THESE  LINES   SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  80 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.  PHONES:   SEY.   405,   605,   5408, 5409  VALUE OF BRITISH SILENCE  E. V. Cassidy  2152 Main.   Oor.   6th  Fine Quality Groceries. Prices lowest  for quality given. Our Special in Tea  this week, 3 lbs. for $1.00, can't be  beaten.  Clive us  a Call.  In the recent complete breakdown of the German submarine  attack on merchant shipping we  witness another of those silent  Victories over the German Navy  of which the present war has  been so fruitful. The first and  greatest of these, of. course, was  the complete immobilisation of  the German High Sea Fleet,  whose twenty or more Dreadnoughts and battle cruisers have  been shut up helplessly in Ger-1 .x"* ^wi ��������� *"-. w^������*~"s ������������������-  . XT   .,   ������  -        _    X, .    ",   }German submarine warfare  man North Sea ports and m the  Baltic  from  the  very day  that  war was declared.  To what are we to attribute  the sudden collapse of the German submarine raiding expeditions? The answer (says a writer in the "Scientific American")  is to be found in the two fields  6l mechanics - and psychology.  We stated many months ago*  when the submarines were at the  height of their activities* that the  experience of past naval wars  justified the expectation that  some effective means would be  discovered for defeating the U  boat attack; and the event has  proved that we were right. It is  safe to say that no branch of the  great naval and military operations of this war has been the  subject of more thorough investigation by the scientist and the inventor than that of submarine  warfare on its defensive side.  Very fruitful has been the study  of - this problem and .-/most efficient have been the means adopted:  How It Is Done  Not until the history of the  war conies to be written, probably, will it be known which of  the defensive measures have  proved to be the most successful.  Probably more submarines have  been accounted for by nets than  by any other means; although a  large number have been sunk by  destroyers and *swift motor  boats rushing in upon and  ramming them or destroying them  with their rapid-fire guns. We  are informed that not a few  boats have been lost when they  came to the surface at night _to  recharge their batteries. The exhaust from the oil engines is  very noisy and can be heard over  a great distance and, naturally,  the submarines choose the night  time for battery charging. The  destroyers and armed motor  boats gather in the submarine  infested area after night has fallen; and by careful listening detect the location '"J.pi the submarines, creep upon them quietly  and then make, a final dash to  get them with the gun or the  ram before they can submerge.  The Value of Silence  The contemplation of a lingering death in a sunken submarine  may well strike terror to,the  stoutest heart* and the British  Admiralty have made deadly use  of the psychology of the situation from making any mention of  the time or place of the destruction of the U-boats. When the  disturbance of tbe floats at the  top of a torpedo net showed that  a submarine was entangled, the  U-boat was hauled to the surface, shot full of holes and put  out of action without a word being published of the occurence.  The psychological effect upon  the personnel of the submarine  service of this absolute silence as  to the fate of the submarines after they have left Wilhelmshav.n  or the mouth of. the Elbe must  be simply appalling.  So long as the, fate of the U-  boats which were destroyed or  captured in the earlier weeks of  the war was made known, the  horror of uncertainty was missing; but during the past few  months over half a hundred boats  have failed to return. They  saluted as they steamed out from  their naval base, and that was  the last that was seen or heard of  any one of them.  Von Hindenburg has said that  the present contest is one of nerves. If so, it may well be a question whether this portentous silence which has followed the passage of the U-boats upon the  high seas has not been a powerful factor in breaking down the  British Columbia paper and  pulp mills, will shortly introduce  safety first schedules and devices.  A committee has recently been  investigating conditions in the  Wisconsin mills i with that ofcject  view.  in  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  reason every  progress is  ly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office sta  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR."! 140        203 KINGSWAY .<���������'  Friday,  December 24,   1915.  Quebec proved easy for the  Wanderers in the first game in  Montreal. The men of the ancient capital have not had ice for  practice, consequently were in  no shape for the red bands of  | Montreal. \  ��������� ���������   ���������  m    Canadiens and Wanderers were  the winners in the eastern lea-  1 ' gue games in the opening of the  , schedule on Saturday. Canadiens  have all of last year's players in  line and with Vezina, Corbeau,  Laviolette, Pitre, Lalonde and  Poulin will take some beating  for the flag.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Mickey Mackay, the Vancouver centre, bumped into trouble  in Victoria the other night, when  he got some rough handling from  Kerr. We don't know anything  about what started the trouble,  but our knowledge of Kerr is to  the effect that he is a peacable,  clean player. We rather think  that the Vancouver * youngster  was looking for trouble. He has  shown altogether too much desire for the penalty bench so far  this season* and unless he changes  shis tactics he will spoil utterly  the reputation he created for himself last season* when he debut-  ted into professional hockey*. The  Vancouver captain would be well  advised to give the youngster a  stiff reprimand and orders to  stay on the ice and play hockey  in future games.  The Torontos had Leseur in  goal, McNamara point, Cameron,  cover and Ronan and Denheny  on the forward line.  Portland got even with Seattle  on Friday evening last when they  gave the Metropolitans their  first defeat of the season. The  Seattle team did not display .their  customary ginger ahd with a ten  dency on the part of some of the  players to mix it, there is no won  der they were defeated. The  score was 5 goals to 2.  -'���������������������������'"���������.  Trooper Box, the Victoria play  er, has replaced O'Leary at the  centre ice position. O'Leary did  not show the aggressiveness of  the military man, and Lester  Patrick was quick to recognize  the fact. Box is now the leading  goal getter of the league.  . ��������� * *  Those disappointed Winnipeg  youths, the Irvine brothers and  Marples, who wish now that they  had come to the coast when they  had the opportunity, ara doing  some advertising in the Winnipeg papers about having received another chance to come west.  Frank Patrick denies that he is  in communication with them, and  that is about final. Patrick figures he has talent enough to  make a good showing from now  on and will have nothing to do  with the Winnipeg fellows. V  .x  CLEAN FLOUR  ������������������������������������ MAKES  CLEAN BREAD  Clean bread keeps sweeter and fresher much  longer than bread made from flour wbich contains dirt, fluff or lint. '  jtQM STANPAW) FLOUR  IS MILLED CLEAN���������SPOTLESSLY SO! Impurities cannot and^ do not exist in ROYAL  STANDARD. That is why Royal Standard  loaves are always so CLEAN. That is why the'y  retain their freshness and sweetness longer.  Make bread with it and see for yourself. Order  your sack TODAY.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. United  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, N8W W38TMINSTBB,  NANAIMO  BANBURY'S  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOP&COAL  Phone: Bayview 1075  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  _ ��������� V      j  WALLACE SHimRDSxUT).  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and WoodSn Vessels Built, Docked, Paintedr  and Repaired.   -  North Vancouver, B. C.  Willard McGregor, of Port Arthur, arrived in town this week,  and is working for a place on the  Vancouver team. He is a big fellow* and has it on most of the  players out here in. his speed.  Earlier in the season McGregor  was in communication with Patrick for a berth on the Vancouver team, but the Vancouver manager felt he had all the players  he could carry. However, McGre-  ger has come on his own hook,  and is rounding into shape with  the team. He is just about able  to take the' measure of any of  the, forwards- on the local line,  and the management would do  well not to overlook him in the  selection of the next team. He  has had experience galore in professional company, and for some  years was the running mate of  Jack Walker, Seattle's spee  merchant. Carpenter, who holds  a job on the Mets., is small potatoes compared with McGregor,  and if the Port Arthur man gets  anything like a fair deal he will  catch on with the locals. He can  skate, pass and engineer a play  with the best men in the game*  and has the ability to bore in for  goals. He is a right wing man  and shoots right-handed, something new to the Vancouver line.  There is a great /deal of pluck  in a player who' comes on his  own accord and takes his chance  on catching on. Most of the fellows want free transportation  and a bid guarantee, and many  of them prove lemons. Given a  chance, McGregor will easily  make the team, and the Vancouvers cannot afford to pass him  up.  ���������   ���������   ���������  As was expected from many  quarters, the Vancouvers- went  down to defeat for the fourth  time this season when they travelled to Victoria on Friday  night last for a game with the  Aristocrats. The team put up a  mighty poor showing for a chain  pion team, and there will have  to be a mighty upheaval in form  before last year's cup holders  can come anything like making  a showing in the race at all  Lacking the inside dope, - which  seems to be essential to properly  locate the trouble, it is almost  impossible to strike at the root  of the team's weakness. Certain  ly it is not Lehman. As a goaler  he stands head and shoulders  over all others in the league. But  the trouble may be partly with  the defence. Seaborn is certainly  not in championship class as yet,  and while he plays a useful game  there is abundant need of coaching in his direction. Griffiths,  probably is trying to do too  much with consequent failure in  the pinches. Fred Taylor is not  yet in form, and the other three  forwards are not playing together with anything of a machine  like effort. This paragraph is  not by any means a knock at the  team/Vancouver fans can stand  reverses as well as any fans on  the circuit, but when they^ome  ftfur in a row it is almost a solar  plexus blow to championship as  pirations. Given a free hand,  and power to make the boys pass  the puck, instead of. trying to  pull off so much individual stuff  (which has characterized the  games in which the locals have  participated in to date) it is yet  possible to bring the Vancouvers  to within striking distance of the  title before the season is half  through. It is most certainly up  to the management of the team  to devote a great deal of time  to coaching if improvement is to  be expected.  The next game of the coast  league takes place on the 28th  in Seattle, when the locals and  the Seattle team meet for the first  time this season. The Seattle  team has proved a mighty tough  proposition so far this season*  and Vancouver will have to show  a decided reversal of form before a win is to be expected.  The players are working out  every other day in order to be in  shape for the remainder of the  schedule. Down east they work  out for an hour every day, and  the players are always in the  pink. It would be a good plan  for the promoters in the coast  league to do the same, so that  the players could get their superfluous fat worked off.  TIMBER STATEMENT  Fair. 2266  '   I. KAWAI  LADIES' AND GENTS' TAZLOB  Cleaning, Pressing and Bepairing  (Expert Work)  2404 Main  St,  Cor.  Kingsway  VANCOUVER, B. O.  UPWARD TREND HAS   ,  NOW  BEEN STARTED  Wave of Recuperation Soon Due  to Beach Vancouver, Says 0.  P. B. Official.  ' The timber statement for the  month of. November issued by the  Hon. the Minister of Lands,  shows that the total scale of  sawlogs for the province amounted to 47436,313 ft. B. M., in  addition to 291,577 lineal ft. ot  piles and poles and 9,386 cords  of ties, shingle bolts and posts,  etc. The sawlogs scaled in the  various districts are as follows:  Vancouver 31,319,771 ft., Cranbrook 6,953,170 ft.������ Nelson 3,-  572,906 ft., Island 3,201,743 ft.,  Vernon 1,037,901 ft., Kamloops  790,341 ft, Prince Rupert 482,-  769 ft. In the Nelson district  203,092 lin. ft., and in Cranbrook  division 85,370 lin. ft. of poles  and piles were scaled. Shingle  bolts, etc., scaled in the Vancouver district amounted to 7,346  cords.  During the month, timber  sales recorded cover an estimated total of 6,800,000 ft., sawlogs.  and 6,900 ft. of poles and piles,  calculated to produce a revenue  of $12,404.  THE LOVE OP THE SONS  When the singing bullet finds its  mark  In a gallant British breast,  When the yellow cloud of poison  gas " X   -*  Bears death  on  its   wavering  crest, \  Whien the blue-grey hordes in a  steel-tipped line  Sweep on like a living flood,  When the deadly bayonets slash  and rip,  _ And,Jhe__���������trenches__run .xsriAk  Generfd conditions throughout  Canada are all showing a marked  improvement, states Mr. H. W.  Brodie, general passenger agent  of the C. P. R., who has just returned from a five weeks' trip  during which he visited the principal centres in the East and  Middle West on both sides of the  border.  "A decided improvement is being manifested." he remarked.  "A feeling of optimism is  noticeable. The financiers and  business men whom I met on my  tour were all firmly of the opinion that the long-expected and  eagerly awaited 'upward move'  has at last commenced. In the  maritime provinces trade is better now than it has been for a  considerable time. A tremendous  export trade is being done  through the two winter ports of  St. John and Halifax, and in  order to keep pace with this  inordinate activity the C. P. R.  is enlarging its facilities at West j  St. John. In Montreal the general business conditions appear  to be most satisfactory, from all  accounts. '"  "In Toronto I noticed the same  confident tone. Optimism now is  the prevailing factor. The effects  of tbe extroardinary good crops  on the prairies this year bave  given a big impetus .to trade in  Winnipeg. The grain is moving  rapidly* a world's record have-  ing been established for the  movement fo cars during the  months of October and November."  Mr Brodie commented on the  fact that there is a great tendency in- the east to "knock" Vancouver. "It is to be regretted,  but it is nevertheless the fact,"  he said, "that many of the people  from this city who have returned  east, disappointed, possibly, in  their ...expectations, and_whoiave  Submarooned  The newly-appointed lieutenant  with rather hazy conceptions of  his "drill," was shouting instructions to his squad on the Toronto  drill grounds. "Halt! Right  Turn! Left Turn! and forward!"  were all obeyed promptly, but in  a forward movement a collision  with a company standing at ease  was threatening. At a.loss for a  command to suit the emergency,  he whispered to an officer at his -  side. "What'11 I do with themt"  "Give them a couple of "Inclines,' "  replied .the officer.  The  men,  still  marching forward, were at a loss- to under  stand , the    next    command ���������  "Squad���������a couple of inclines!-"  The eligible men in the Canada  Steamship lane staff are to enlist  in ������ne battalion for overseas service.     V  France must import 25.000,000  tons of coal from the United  States next year.  LAUD ACT  Vancouver Land District District of  Coast Bang* L  TAKE NOTICE' that Ague* L.  Clark, of Vancouver,' occupation,  housekeeper, intend, to apply'for permission to purchase the.following de*  scribed lands:  - Commencing at a poat planted sixty  chains north: of Northwest corner of  Indian Beserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thenee 80 chains west, thenee  south about 80 chaina to shore line,  thenee easterly along shoreline to Indian Beserve, thenee north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES L.-CLABK,  B. O. Clark. Agent.  blood'  > And we bear it all for thy sake  alone,  England Mother! Our love is  shown.  When the big guns speed o'er an  angry sea,  In the teeth of sleet and spray,  Their   message of   death   to the  tossing foe  Scarce a   storm-swept   league  away,  When the life-blood creeps o'er  the glistening decks  In sullen spurts and red,  When glazing eyes stare sightless  up  At the heavens overhead  And the black shark slinks to  the riven side,  England! Mother! Our love is  tried.  So   we   come.   Mother England,  thy loyal sons,  Ready to do our share,  For behold* we have writ in the  blood of our best  The proof of the love we bear,  We     have     staggered     blindly  through choking gas,  Reeling with ev'ry breath���������  Shrill, whistling shrapnel, screaming shell,  Agony, sudden death,  All for thee we can face unmoved.  England! Mother! Our love is  proved.  lost money through real estate  speculation, have given this city  and^ the surrounding ^districts a  bad name." Conditions at the  coast have been painted in most  gloomy terms by these disgrunt-  set these impressions. I am firm-  led persons. I did my best to off-  ly convinced that Vancouver in  common with other cities will experience the same recuperating  influences as are now felt in the  east and middle west, and that  our recovery when it does come  will be rapid."  synopsis or com, Monro  '    SJOTJfcATIOirf  Coal mining .rights of the Pemia-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan awl  Alberta, tbe Yukon Territory, the  North-west. Territories and in a portion of the province of British Colombia, may pe leased fer a term ef  twenty-one years renewal for a farther term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in wbich the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory tbe land most  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in an-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach application most be accompanied by a fee of *5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of tbe mine at the*  rate_of, fiy_e=eents_per _ton,_ _         The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn return*  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the*  royalty thereon. If tbe coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-J5 George V. assented to 1201  June,  1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of tbe Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or S������b-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. COBY,  Deputy Minister  of the Inferior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication    ot  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83.-575.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices,' Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  - >- / ^  - \ 8'  THE WESTERN' CALL  Friday,' December 24,   1915.  =*?,  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  Rev. J. S. Henderson, of Van-  ���������i  couver, was the speaker at a  prohibition rally at Sapperton on  Tuesday evening.  The public is invited to attend  the opening of the new Soldier's  Club, which takes place this afternoon at 233 Abbott Street.  Col. J. Duff-Stuart will preside  and several short addresses and  a .musical program will be rendered.  At a. meeting of the County of  Victoria Club, held at the office  of the Begg Motor Company, two  able addresses were delivered,  one by Principal Vance and the  other by Mr. Wm. Steers. There  was a fair attendance. Principal  Vance spoke on "Reminiscences  of the County of Victoria, particularly Lindsay.  The Presbytery of Westminster  meets shortly to deal with the  calls from Winnipeg to Rev. E.  Leslie Pidgeon, and frOm St.  Paul's, Vancouver, to Rev. R. G.  McBeth. ���������  The members of the Ministerial Union of the Lower Mainland have decided to raise sufficient funds among themselves to  pay the charges in connection  with the recent Lucas libel suit,  brought about by statements published in "The Crisis in B. C."  , Better Business for the merchants on the bill is the slogan  of the Western Call Patronize  our advertisers and be convinced.  Rumor has it that Mayor L. D.  Taylor will contest the by-election in Vancouver against Hon.  C. E. Tisdall.  Mount Pleasant Methodist Sunday School annual entertainment  will be held in the above church  tonight. An elaborate program  has been prepared, and a good  time is expected.  There is a proposal on foot for  the removal of the Western Irish  from Queen's Park, New Westminster, to quarters in Vancouver. Many of the men are Van-  couverites, and they feel that  they would like to be nearer  home than at present.  By the beginning of the new  year the construction of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway will  have been completed as, far as  Clinton, an additional mileage of  about thirty-four miles northeast  of Lillooet, the present northerly  termirrius Of the line.  Mrs. Minnie Jones, who created a sensation a few days ago  when arrested on a charge of  shoplifting, pleaded guilty to the  charge before Magistrate Shaw  yesterday and will be sentenced  on Monday. On the premises of  the accused in Point Grey were  found many articles of value  that had been taken from the different stores of the city. The husband of the accused* who is  charged with being an accomplice  is to be brought before the mar  gistrate today. Three children  are being looked after at the  Children's Aid.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Roirasefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent, to  7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed nnder personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  YOUR OLD MOTHER  Honor your dear old mother.  Time has scattered the snowy  flakes on her brow> plowed deep  furrows on her cheeks, but is she  not sweeter and more beautiful  now? The lips are thin and  shrunken, but these are the lips  that have kissed away many a  hot tear from the childish  cheeks, and they are the sweetest in the world. The eye is dim,  yet it glows with the soft radiance  of holy love, which can never  fade. Ah, yes, she is the dear old  mother. The sands of life are  nearly run out, but feeble as she  is, she will go farther and reach  down lower for you than any  other upon earth. You cannot  walk into a midnight where she  cannot see you; you cannot en  ter a prison where bars will keep  her out; you cannot mount a  scaffold too high for her to reach  that she may kiss and bless you  in evidence of her deathless love.  When the world shall despise  and forsake you, when it leaves  you by the wayside to die.unno  ticed. the dear old mother ������������������'.will  gather you up in her feeble arms  and carry you home and tell you  of all your virtues till yoa almost  forget that your soul is disfigur  ed by vices. Love her tenderly  and: cheer her declining years  withholy devotion.  Power of the Pipes  MoJaoo'i Bank -Inildtag.  **W  ##fewpf4e^pP  *\wW    ������TT������wfT  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  ~7~v.   Tfeacf Office, 81045 ������ower Jh4Wi������g  Seymour 1836  VAWOUVU& OANAPA  Dominion Coal Co.  SOUTH WBtUNGTOH COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds Of Wood Phone: Fair. 1564  The wounded Highlander in  hospital was very depressed and  seemed to make no headway towards recovery. He was forever  talking about his "bonnie Scotland," and the idea occured to  the doctor that a Scotch piper  might rouse his spirits.  After some hunting around a  piper was found? and it was ar-i  ranged that he should present  himself outside the hospital that  night,' and pour forth all this  gems of Scottish music the pipe/,  were capable of interpreting. This  he did.  When the astute doctor turned  up the next morning he eagerly  asked tha matron:  "Did the piper turn up!"  "He did," replied the matron.  "And how's our Scotch patient?"  "Oh, he's fine; I never saw  such a change," said the matron.  "That's grand. It was a fine  idea of mine to get that piper,"  said the delighted doctor.  "���������Yes," murmured the matron  sadly; "but the other thirty patients have all had a serious  relapse.  In the Wrong Place  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  A prominent speaker in a patriotic demonstration in London,  England, told the story of a young  man who desired to obtain a rejection certificate from the authorities.  He entered the doctor's surgery and explained his object, at  the same time asking the medico  to examine him. The latter  brought into operation his stethoscope, and, after sounding the  man's   heart, solemnly observed':  "H'm! you're certanly no good  for the army."  Startled by the solemn appearance of the doctor the "recruit"  anxiously inquired if his heart  was diseased. The reply was a  decided affirmative, and the "unhappy "patient," in tones of anguish, asked:  "Is it very serious, doctor?  What is the matter with it ?"  The reply stung the man like a  whipcord.  "Everything's the matter with  it. It's down in your boots!"  And the doctor lost no time in  showing the "recruit" the door.  FIENDISH HUN DOCTOR  The following story, taken  from a Lanark County, Ontario,  paper, explains in vivid form  just what atrocities German doe-  tors resort to in treatment of  wounded prisoners:  "Years ago there lived in the  north end of Dalhousie a boy  named Peter McPhail. He was  what the Scotch neighbors called 'stirring,' withaL a bright  lad. He grew up into manhood  and went west. Although he never reappeared at the home of his  boyhood,' he " was not forgotten,  and. many men of Dalhousie today, in moments of reverie, find  their thoughts Wandering back to  the old days at Black Creek,  when Peter' McPhail was one of  the bright and moving spirits of  Dalhousie's rising generation.  What a change a few years made:  A short time ago a ship came  into port bearing a number of  wounded soldiers from the  camps of Europe. Among them  was Peter McPhail, grown to a  stalwart man of which his early  years gave promise, but deprived of the most valuable asset  that a man can have���������his sight.  Again it is the story of the Hun.  Peter had enlisted with an Edmonton battalion and had gone  to the front. He was wounded  and taken prisoner. In the hospital he received barbarous treatment. Now he returns to his home  incapacitated for life and with  hatred in his heart. Particulars  of his case are given below, and  it is for things like these that  the name of Hun is abhorred in  the courts of Honor and Truth.  Private McPhail is totally  blind. In the charge at Ypres he  was wounded through the left  temple by a rifle bullet, which  pierced his left eyeball? destroying its sight and searing the  nerves of the right eye. Helpless  on the field he was picked up by  the Germans and sent to "the rear.  There, in the hands of his captors, he lay for eight days without medical attention, but finally  was placed on the operating ta-:  ble of the field hospital. Two  powerful Germans pinioned his  arms and a nursing sister held  his feet. The surgeon rolled back  the eyelid and prepared to work,  paying no heed to the pleas of  the nurse that McPhail be chloroformed. "No," he said sneer-  ingly, '' Englishmen don't need  chloroform," and so saying he  snipped off the eyeball with his  scissors. He cut the cords too  near the surface, however, and  despite the screams of the wounded man severed them again, deeper. Here- McPhail fainted and  did not recover consciousness till  the following day. For several  months he was an inmate of a  German prison hospital and complains bitterly of the attention  which the British wounded received. They were given a daily  allowance of black rye bread sufficient for three thin slices, one  of which formed a portion of  each meal. The breakfast in addition to this consisted of a cup  of hickory coffee. At noon each  man was given two potatoes and  a piece of. sausage about three  inches long, and for supper they  had a cup of greasy water in  which the sausage had been boiled. On this diet the recovery of  the wounded is greatly delayed  and often made impossible. Eventually McPhail was exchanged  and invalided home.  Almost An Atrocity  The Dominion's national debt  at the end of November Was  $501,668,167, exclusive,of the new  domestic Avar loan.  A young Canadian, officer writing home tells this quaint yarn.  Before . he went to the front,  thinking it would be wise to have  an emergency fund about him, he  sewed seven sovereigns into a  strip of cloth, which he tied  around one, ankle under his puttee. He had it there for the best  part of. six months.  When he got - a bullet in the  face, it messed the frontispiece  up pretty considerably. For one  = CUT FREIGHT RATES  ** ''     ' ���������  Household Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world at a saying toj  you of from 25 per  cent, to 45 per cent., owing, to our improved method ofl  packing and superior shipping facilities.   For "Fireproof" Storage, Bemovala]  in "Car Vans," High Grade Packing, or Shipping at "Cut Bates" see xa���������  prompt, reliable and courteous service. , ���������  "WE KNOW HOW"  rAMPBELI_STORACE Q>MPANY  Oldest and Largest in Western Canada  THqhe .Seymour 7300 OrjKtttlJteJZ^  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture nanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kaisomining  Shop: 1065 Diinamulr St. Vaneoi  ir. B.C.  Cold Weather Poultry Hints  Give your chickens WARM CHOP mixed with John Bull or. Pratt's  Egg Producer.   Our   special DRY  MASH  is   excellent   to keep fowls  healthy. ,  MANGELS 60c per 100 lbs., substitute for,-green feed.  Shell, Bone, Charcoal, Beef Scrap, Etc., help to produce. Eggs. Keep  these always before them.  VERNON FEED Cd  THREE STOKES:  Mount Pleasant, ��������� Phones:   Fair. . 186   and Fair.   878* ; , '  49th and Fraser.   Phone:   Fraser.175.  Joyce St., Collingwood.   Phone: Collingwood 153.  Bolt fbr  Wear, Sty la,  & Comfort  M&dofo  Bflttofr CoUmybtft,  YOUE FEET OB YOTO  SHOES-- -W������IO������?  Cheaply-made, poorly constructed  shoes are neither economy nor comfort. Your feet pay the price���������always.  Sheet* made from high-quality leather by skilled workmen���������made to  wear, made to  fit���������those are  WJCKJE   SBOJ3S  Buy a- pair. ,Try   them.   Test   them.  Prove Them Out. At All Dealers.  thing he couldn't utter a single  word. Needless to say, lie forgot  all about his hidden hoard, but  when they undressed him the  nurse discovered it. "What can  this dirty rag be doing around  the boy's ankle?" she cried-indignantly, and* to the perturbation of the wounded hero, who  by now had recalled its significance, she peeled it off in a twinkling and hurled it remorselessly  into a receptacle for rubbish.  In vain did he babble, as best  he could, and make signs that,  the despised rag must on no account be thrown away; the nurse  determinedly ignored his protests and bade him be silent, and  his cherished seven-of-the-best  looked like being 'goners.' While  Sister Vigilance was momentarily absent from the room, however, he managed to get out of  bed and retrieve them!  Satisfying   Trans-Atlantic  Equestrians  Ocean travelers who must  have a horseback, ride before  breakfast, are now- accommodated on the Cunard liner Fran-  conia. .The gymnasium of that  boat is equipped with several  trotters, all run by little electric  motors which are adjustable to  produce any gait from a canter  to a wild gallop. Side saddles  for ladies are provided, in addition to the regulation western  saddle with high horn, which is  convenient for the rider who has  had too   little   experience 4 with  \ high-spirited   horses.  ��������� The apparatus is composed of  an ordinary gymnasium " horse " j  on a special riding saddle, operated by a motor through an eccentric arm. says the Ilustrated  World. The gait of the mock animal is adjusted by changing the  speed of the motor through a  rheostat and -by lengthening-or X  shortening the eccentric arm. The,  device has proved so popular  that it has been installed on other  ships of the same line and is beginning to usurp the popularity  formerly enjoyed by other gymnasium equipment.  Taking Life Too Seriously.  Taking life too seriously is  said to be an especially English  failing.  This may be true, but. judging from appearances, it would  seem to be world-wide, for, go  where one may, one will find the  proportion of serious, not to say,  anxious faces, ten to one as compared with, the merry or happy  ones. .-���������'"' ':"  If "the outer is always the  form and shadow of the inner,"  and 'if���������'������������������.the present is the fulness  of the past and the herald of the  future" (and how can we doubt  it?) how many sad histories may  be read in the faces of those we  meet, every day? v  The pity of it is, too> that the  sadness is a self-woven garment,  even as  is the joy with which     (.  it might be replaced.  Ruskin -says, "Girls should be  sunbeams, not only to members  of their own circle, but to every-  hpdy with whom, they come in  contact."  Every room they enter should  be brighter for their presence-


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