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The Western Call Nov 26, 1915

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 WAjWW^rrK^  'XXX-ux,r^~>'t  ( JrlJ,  "1-r.J     i          , JO,   *'     fL-  * >                    ^ J         W-4,"    l1  4 .,V           -C  * , ��������������� ���������, ���������������-���������' ���������>>  t *'.  Published in the Interests of .Greater Vancouver and the Western People  * . Jf.}BlB������BS(r   -4,.<  .  ' J M. Mclntari*    v Xyi'  .Ftntnl DfeMfcr C  T. 4. Iwreej * Ci.  At yoai acrriea dar ud>  *��������� i ingot. "���������-"  Motaate ehm*** _  rmooo: Tabu ten  i-^       4  ..    4,-'  ,/  rOLUME VII.  =?=���������������  i  *V  NOTICE  The management of the Terminal City  Press and Western Call hereby notify the  public that R. A. Fraser has no authority  to transact business, either in the way of  collecting subscriptions or for contracting  for work of any kind, and no work contracted for by him in our name will be  countenanced.  GERMANS OUT DO  "BLACK HOLE OF CALCUTTA"  /  THE WORLD .IS GETTING quite familiar  with the brutalities of the Germans, but it is  hard to conceive how members of the human  family can be so systematically cruel as is shown  by the evidence in the hands of the Belgian  commission of Inquiry. We publish herewith a  copy of the official report which describes conditions more horrible than the Black Hole of  Calcutta or rthe orgies of an, Iroquois Indian  massacre of two centuries ago.  The Minister of Railways, Post, Telegraphs  and Marine has handed us the following report  regarding' the inhuman treatment to which the  Germans subjected the Belgian workmen of the  Central Railway works at Luttre who refused  to work for the enemy.  1. Following on the refusal of the men to  resume work in compliance with the orders of  the German authorities, the latter have been trying to achieve their purpose by starvation. To  tbis end the municipalities were strictly, forbidden to extend any help to them, either in provisions or money, a^d afterwards, with a .view  to cutting oft their ,last resources, state officials  and government agents were arrested wholesale  and put in prison^ aa were also private, individuals who had helped ini;1iire\cl|tal|^-ation of  tbe relief funds. Threats were made to the  workmen of having their houses burned, of de-  Jrtation 4^ ^8������atw^wUl{(tlje^ families and of:  $e%;*^*.XXX - v *. ;��������� , - r .  . x :   * ���������;.  2. The: workmen we*e .arrested in .their bott-;  ���������es.by^soldiers with fixed bayonets. _ In .case  tbeyVere absent, members of their family twere  taken -as hostages and .very' frequently women  and children shared this fate. In one such instance a girl of 14 years was imprisoned.  ' 3. The German officers abused the workmen  who in justification of their refusal to work,  pleaded patriotic sentiments or the fact that  some of their relatives were in the army.  4. Prior to their departure for Germany, the  workmen were packed for nine days in a third  class railway coach and in a cattle-car, huddled  together so closely that sleeping was impossible. -In addition to this they suffered from  lack of fresh air and from the intense heat,  " the cars being exposed to the sun all day long."  A horrible  stench came  from the cattle  car  which had not heen cleaned.  5. The German authorities had at first au-  thoried that the prisoners be supplied with  food by their families; but on the sixth day,  exasperated by their resistance, they were put  on dry bread and water.  6. One hundred and fifty Uhlans were quartered on the villagers and for a day and a night  the inhabitants had to feed and lodge them.  7. Uhlans patrolled the streets for the  purpose;of intimidating the population, frequently attacking with their lances peaceful citizens  who happened to be talking together in front  of their homes. Two persons were wounded  during one of these attacks.  In spite of all this harassing the  workmen  preserved  a  calm  and dignified  attitude  and  steadfastly refused to   work   for the   German  . armyX/      ��������� //. ������������������ ' <���������������������������_��������� '���������.iX  8.. Finally, unable to break the resistance  of the workmen, the Germans decided to deport them to -Germany. They divided them in-  to two classes; 'V X ���������-/'-���������  (a;) Those who had ref used to work froih  the very  beginning. . "���������:  '<b)^\;'Tn'(������eV;who';vn^ad:''Consented:' to work for  a few days and then seeing that they were help--  ing the military operations of theV enemy; had l^ft  /he work-shops.   X X  V The latter were accused of insubordination  /and deported as "dangerous persons'' to a penal  ������olony where they were subjected to- particu-  lh\rly harsh  treatment. X XX  The prisoners were sent in groups of about  ���������"fifty-/,: During the trip from Luttre to the inurnment camp at Senne (Westphalia) they received only an insufficient quantity of food and  'drink and had to pass that night in the station  ���������cellar at Cologne, packed together so closely  (Continued   on  Page   4)  -f. j  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA* FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 29.  THE NEW BAILWAY  WHAT IS HOPED-.will be a great trans--  continental road in the future was opened this  week when the C. N. R. commenced operations  on its new line.   The first train going east left  Vancouver on Tuesday morning and the first  incoming train arrived on Wednesday.    For the;  present the Canadian Northern has leased running rights over the Great Northern from VanX  couver to Port Mann, and will use the Great*  Northern, terminal depot  here.     Offices  have  been opened in Vancouver and a complete office"  staff has been installed.     With the opening of  this new road Vancouver becomes the terminal  for a new line of traffic and as a result should,  benefit immensely in the coming years.  Much has been said for and against the con* -  struction of this road in relation to its future  operation and present cost. No doubt Canad-'.  ians of the future will find the C. N. R. a use-'  ful road and in its expanding side-lines it should >  bring much trade towards the coast that goes ,  elsewhere at the present time.  INOPPORTUNE  Vic-  UNDER THE  ABOVE  CAPTION the  toria "Week" has,the following:  "A great English judge once said that it is  as necessery to do a right thing at the right'  time as to do it at all. An older and even  wiser authority said, 'There is a time for all  things.' Whether or not there is a time for  Prohibition is a matter of opinion, but there  , should not be two opinions that the present time  '' is inopportune. The Province has been agi-  j tated by a" vigorous campaign, embodying as  irita most essential, principle Compulsion. This  campaign is being carried on at a time when it  is urged upon us by every authority in, the  country and |h* \Ej������pire;< that our undivided  energies should be directed to the' carrying  on of the calamitous war into which we have  been plunged. Our greatest statesmen have  declared, .and neve? censed- tP \empba$S������e tbe  fa.t, that jtoe war can onij; He won by a com-  bination of effort .and .a concentration of purpose which exclude every other consideration.  We have been urged to economize, to devise,  to plan and to thipk in order* that every pos.-,  sible faculty may he co-ordinated for the .work  of war-winning. To achieve this there must  not only be unity of purpose throughout the  Tmpire, but true unity of spirit. There must he  sympathy, fellow feeling and brotherly co-operation. The war is a family affair, and its problems are increased by the fact that the family is- a big one. Still the family must pull  together or lose, and anything which engenders  bitter feeling, or accentuates differences of opinion is an enemy within the fold and inimical to  the common good. t The Prohibitionists cannot  have entertained these considerations, they cannot have realized how unpatriotic it is to fling  a fire brand on the hearth at such a time. Whatever merits there may be in their propaganda,  there can be no fitness in precipitating an internal conflict,while the enemy is at the gates.  No donbt the question will have to be faced,  the opinions of those who favor it are entitled  to every consideration, but in the opinion of  The Week there Is no justification for forcing  the issue at the present time, and unless it is  "greatly mistaken, the sober judgment of the  communities will resent the lack of consideration for vital issues which the Prohibition propagandists are showing."  Indeed! Does the Week, which talks of  brotherly co-operation, consider the Prohibitionists are making an unfair request by asking  for an expression of opinion by the electors  o������ the province on the matter.  Does the Week consider the province is  economizing when yearly there is spent in liquor  millions of dollars for the paltry return which  the government receives in license fees?  Is the Week sincere in its protestations' of  unity throughout the Empire? If so, why not  co-operate with Lloyd George in minimizing,  this traffic? Is it unaware that the British  government has declared 'dry" all great industrial centres? Does it not know that London���������  democratic London���������has shortened hours and  abolished treating? Is Lloyd George a "traitor? " Are the Imperial Statesmen " unpatriotic ?''-, J  According to the Week they are���������but only  according to the "Weak."  From  this   distance  it  looks  like  "pocket-  book" talk by the Week, carrying as it does  over 50 liquor advertisements. It would be much  more becoming for the editor to have held his,  tongue on the matter.  PAY SOLDIERS BY CHEQUE  *������*  / WORD HAS ARRIVED from Ottawa tbat  in future the soldiers will be paid by cheques  Instead of in cash, as has been the ease up till  now.' Paymasters of recruiting offices and organized units have been notified to this effect.  The cheques are on the Bank of Montreal, and  being government cheques, no war tax is necen-  tsaiy on them. In the past the soldiers have  been paid in cash. The change is viewed with  favor generally by the paymaster, especially  in the cases where the paymaster is also the  jrecruitong officer,. It avoids the dangers of  mistakes in paying out in cash, but it is under-  Stood that the real reason for the change is that  the government may have a closer tab on the  pay. This is an additional check on the paymasters and the pay sheets,, as they come into  the headquarters and the cheques have,to correspond. It is claimed that in some parts of  ^Canada there have been grave suspicions about  paymasters in recruiting stations, which had resulted in the change being made. One game,  jwhich it is said has been played in in regard  to subsistence allowance. Each soldier is allowed seventy-five cents a day for his maintenance from the time he enlists until he goes into  jcamp, where the government keeps him. This  is in addition to the ordinary pay. In some  ������>arts of the country where the cost of'living  -is not quite so high as it is, for example, in  Ottawa, the recruiting officers, it is claimed, have  arranged for the men's board in boarding  jpouses at fifty cents or thereabouts a day. ' It  pas been the custom practically everywhere fcor  i tbe recruiting officers to pay the soldiers' board  end keep it out of tlie pay instead of paying  jthp soldier and letting him pay, the board bill.  (The reason was that sometimes the board bill  Would not be paid and there waa trouble, all  Injund. The recruiting officer; stands good for the  tyarthwj&n -the soldier enlista -/'nntilj't^Wi  / r\\J  wmm TJtAPU OF bow*aw>  / i.  'tf"  . *. (."  -v -r  IS,  Vv*t|  AM  .X  *t  / I  THE AUSTRALIAN CADETS    ...       j. ,-. jr   f      ^  NO VISITORS TO TORONTO ever fonnd a > ������^ tj  warmer welcome or' a more cordial. reception "X'X vl  than the bond of Australian cadets who have  been onr guests during the past few, days. Their .  sojourn, though all too brief,. means much vfor ^  the people of this city in many ways." Manliness'  is stamped on their' forms ��������� and" features, .and'  they have/ as have Canadians of like young j  manhood, an air of modest independence "that'  always wins friends and- disarms critics. >. The  most satisfactory thing about their Visit if-.that  they thoroughly enjoyed all the provision made  for their entertainment, and were frank enough  to let their hosts know this by signs more unmistakable than words. \ *  ii                ������  Nothing better calculated to arouse in Canadians a permanent interest in the Antipodean  island-continent could have been devised. The  Australian cadets were flowing over ;with enthusiasm for their own land, which they are  determined to make a "white man's country."  Individually, the more thoughtful among them"  frankly admit that the intervention of the Japanese and the service of the British-Indian'  troops in the war have created a situation  that may prove cimbarassing to a people who  have a long sea coast and a vast interior without white settlers and with very few. aboriginal natives; but they easily take" an optimistie  view even of this problem, and they hope to be1  able to retain the hundreds of Pacific islands  they were prompt inWnexing after the outbreak  of the war.���������Toronto Globed. -    '' *  (. > i  i  <    'J  . i   ?kXl  r      p    * ���������'    1  4    *V"    JJ*    I  -Z XI  --* ���������.���������_���������"���������  ���������u *��������� ^J  r "      v\J,  A/  EXIT "THE 0RISI8^  A/'Aft'j'^i  / 't> j  u;=  V,%/  \      S St  - ^4    .1  **  'f Vi  ^  ..*'-"  >   ^  tt "l*.       t, v. *\*-jfA   -V *��������� . ,  Ik  ;x4k li**!&  t, DUTCH HOUSES are built "on piles 50-60  "feet long, and (5-8 inches in diameter at the  large end. The piles are white and re^. tie  imported from the state forests of Germany and  sold cheaply. The cost of building foundations  for houses is so great that every possible sav- J  ing is made in the remainder of the construction, with the result tbat the building operations of Holland only offer a good market for  cheap woods used in general construction.  The only wood in a Holland house except  the piling, is in the window and door frames,  doors, joists, studding, rafters and battens,  which carry the tile roofs and flooring.  The window and door framing, joists, "studding, rafters and battens are in nearly all cases  made of Swedish, Russian or German whitewood.  Whitewood is preferred to redwood in Holland,  whereas the reverse is the case in England.'  Whitewood for these purposes is in normal times  sold at Dutch ports, in all tlie common dimensions and common grades, sufficient for over  90 per cent, of Dutch buildings, for $22.50 to  $27.50 per thousand feet. Whitewood planks,  2 to 3 inches thick, 6 inches and up in width,  and of a grade suitable for strong construction,  are imported from Germany at a cost of 60 shillings per load or $24 per thousand.  Although Douglas fir decking has been for  years extensively used in the neighboring German shipyards, it has not yet been accepted by  Dutch shipbuilders. It may be regarded, however, as certain that the qualities which led  to its use for decking in Germany will very.  soon lead to its adoption in Holland. Pitch-pine  decking, flat grain, 31-2 inch by 5-inch sells in  Holland for 120 shillings a load or $48 per thousand. ���������������������������  The Dutch market is one that will steadily  grow in importance, not only because of the  purchasing power of 7,000,000 prosperous people in Holland, but because a great part of the  reconstruction of the Belgian and neighboring  war zone will be handled through Holland. It  is an important point, too, that Holland will  take decWoads in the winter time. It is  worthwhile, therefore, for any shipper or group  of shippers in Western Canada, when making  arrangements with selling representatives in  England, to go farther and insure at. the same  time that a suitable sub-agent will be, appointed  for Holland.  Every  wi^e  man has  a  parachute  of  prudence, attached to his balloon of enthusiasm.  - liedr/*W   essentia ;&topy^y^������\#  "shocking b������d-������toQ!yZ,iiri������$ *'h0^|^iw|pi|^:/><x^'  tion. "Fo* instance, he declared tbaj tbe|fcg������d-     "  ing Commission had received extra powers not  contained in the' act "from the executive council/ '  among them  the' power to  dismiss officials of  the civil service.   It was proved by tbe testimony of the other two commissioners and Premier McBride that no such powers, nor any powers outside the act, had ever been granted the  commission.   Cotsworth   was   enmeshed in   his  own lies on many other points in the trial.  The  judge made it unmistakeably cleaar   that   be  considered Mr. Cotsworth unreliable. He charged the jury that it was for them to say whether  Cotsworth were not an ordinary untruthful man  ���������"there is a shorter word_ for it"r-he_jadded_^  meaningly.     Later,   when Cotsworth's counsel  objected to the use of that phrase his lordship  retorted tbat "liar" was the word he meant  to use.  In view of the fact that tbe Ministerial  Union have, over and over, declared that their  only source of information for the allegations ,  contained in "The Crisis" was Mr. Cotsworth,  the public is now in a position to properly  appraise the value of the pamphlet as a mediujn  of information.  The public will not greatly blame the Min-  isterial Union. That body has simply been  misled by an amateurish desire to put before  the public the revelations of Moses. To the  unsophisticated ministers the things which Cotsworth "revealed" appeared to be very awful  and being imbued with a sense of duty to the  public, they felt these things should be told  broadcast. "The Crisis" pamphlet was the  method adopted. With true thrift Moses, it  is said, grabbed for himself the major portion  of the proceeds of. the sale of the pamphlet.  Where  the  Ministerial Union made  a mis-  -��������������������������� '"��������� V .'���������<!>.-'"������������������.-���������  take and where it is to blame, is that it accepted without question, the statements of '  JVposes B. Cotsworth, and published them as  facts. Cotsworth had peddled; his stuff to other  organizations and to at least one newspaper in  the city, and had been turned down;1 It remained for the Union, in its zeal, mistaken and  amateurish as it was, to adopt Cotsworth and  sponsor his statements.  Many good people assert that politics should  be quite outside the purview of ministerial duties  and this "Crisis" incident will, in future, be  quoted as  an  instance  in point.  * jj'ji  The man who trims himself to suit everybody, soon whittles himself away. Friday, November 26, 1915  <*  I?      .-  r     '    'j.  In.-',  THE SPIRIT OF RUSSIA  (By a Russian, in London "News  and Leader")  It is important for anyone who  would truly understand the relations between Petrograd and Russia to realize that throughout the  whole his-tory of the city it has represented to Russia in general  something outside itself. Peter  brought to it the relics of Saint  Alexander Nevsky, and enshrined them in the monastery called  after that Russian patriot; but  . though he wished to do it, he  never succeeded - in bringing to  it the spirit of Russia. It has  never been to the Russian a holy  city, in the sense that Moscow  or Kiev are held holy. Planned as a window 2towards the  west, it has always been a sort  of gigantic frontier station, containing, like all frontier stations,  something from both sides of the  border, and yet not belonging  to   either.  For some time after the war  began there were fewer wounded to be seen here than in Moscow. .That is so no longer, and  the broad pavement of the Nevsky Prospect, once the promenade of a city, that was very  proud of its reputation for gaiety,  are now thev scene of a daily  pageant that brings the war  painfully near those who stay  at home. Processions of wounded men in tattered khaki, some-  ~ times a dozen all legless, then a  .score with empty sleeves, move  slowly along together with , a  Red Cross nurse or a hospital  ' orderly to look after them.  ������������������x.,     .     X '  Crowds of Refugees  Latterly, since the big retreat  v waa brought, nearer home, was  to   be /seen complete hospitals,  beds, tables, chairs, with dam-  ,   aged white paint, piled on carts  for transport, moved through the  - town. We have seen bands of refugees fitting on the pavement  outside  the  offices  opened1 for  their relief.. We have seen   the  richer sort of .refugees, driving  from the station in cabs laden  with all  they had managed  tio  save���������a man and his wife, worn  with travel, crammed into a cab  with  a  favojqte   chair, a  bird  cage, rougbjy-corded trunks, and  great bundles done up in sheets  We have seen them go by, and  have known that those bundles  represent a hurried packing, the  sheet -spread on the 'floor; the  things thrown on it haphazard  and tied up, and then a fortunate scramble for an overcrowded train..  The good Russians of Petrograd (there are bad Russians  too) have nobly done their share.  They have sent hospial trains  to the front. The students of the  University, until recently exempt from military service, have  volunteered for active service, or  joined the Red Cross. '  And those who could not go  have not been idle. I' have al-  ready mentioned the refugees  from the invaded districts: Pet  rograd as a railway centre received a disproportionately large  share of them, in many cases  penniless, foodless, and ignorant  of Russian. Committees were  formed by private enterprise, to  deal with this new form of distress, and the already terribly-  worked "popetchitelsvos," , voluntary organizations (in operation not unlike the Charity Organization Society) dealing with  the relief of the dependents of  men with the forces, took on their  shoulders much of this new and  quite unforeseen burden. Many  people have given flats and houses as shelters for the immigrants, and already a.very great  deal is being done in the .way of  planting out the refugees in the  interior, and .of finding them  work on the farms, where most  of the more active laborers have  gone to the war. And all this  business, elaborate, wearisome,  disheartening, as only those who  have , taken, a share in jt can  know, has been and is being done  by private enterprise, .and, .to-a  yery large extent, by -unpaid  helpers.  \   German Tronblwi  And you must imagine during these latter months this work  going on in a city' where rum;  ors float more readily, perhaps!  than in any other towns of the  Empire. Petrograd has been  German too long- for any complete weeding out of persons of  German sympathies to be possible.   It would take a magician  to do it. So it is not strange  that there has been continual attempts to disquiet the dwellers  in the capital. For a time we  were made to fear that in a  month, in six weeks, the place  would be in the hands' of the  enemy. That, of course, was  during the more rapid stages of  his now arrested advance. Then  there was the affair of the small  change, thanks to the prompt  action of the authorities.  I am told. that there is no  doubt in the minds of those likely to know that this operation  was inspired by the enemy. Its  effects must have been prepared by months of patient collection, and became apparent one  morning in a sudden complete  disappearance of small change.  Passengers proffering a rouble  note to a tram conductor were  told to get off unless they had  copper money. The working women, who buy their provisions  in small quantities, were faced  with starvation. A day or two  like that and the result desired  by the enemy would have been  achieved, and the paper money  would have become nearly valueless. However,/ notices were  set up promising a heavy penalty to anyone who refused change  when possessing it, a few arrests  were made, the mint was set  working at high pressure, and  things   became normal.  FRENCH AND   HIS MEN  TRAPS FOW-OWS  pw&crmc UGHT  wherever, and tn whatever form, It appeaw, and the allure-  , ments of electric Wuininatton and electric signs are .hot  tlie working of tbe same natural law which draws the moth  tb tbe candle.  Until this electric era began the merchant put up his .shutters or pulled down bis atwdes when be closed the doon of.  hi* store at nightfall. -  Bis expenses���������rent, salaries, insurance���������all went on but  bla business stopped. This wm the ancient way.  With the modern way���������the electric way���������busines no longer  slumbers, for the progressive store keeps glittering ������yes  open for business throughout tbe night by tempting window displays under the brilliant raya of the electric lamps.  Many a sale is made by this tireless electric salesman who  always shows his goods in the right light.  Carrall aad Hastings Sts.  Phone .Seymour 5000  " Pride of the West"  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOtmNG  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  /'/; BjXX X    ';-"'������������������������������������:���������  MACKAY ^  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Cost of Living  The cost of living in Petrograd has increased as it has all  over Europe. I am sure that we  who live in . Petrograd do. not  suffer more than Londoners; and  in comparison with the state of  town-dwellers in Qermany ���������we  are probably more enviable.  Lack of transport has been our  chief difficulty. With the railways, never-more than adequate,  largely used for the war,; there  has been difficulty jn bringing  to tbe capital goods which,^already in Bussia, lay at some >%-  tance., Fo^ example, we have  several * times been , short of  wood-firing-  Curiously enough, some of the  increased' cost of living is due  to the greater wealth of, sonie  sections, of tbe , populace caused  by the prohibition of vodka. For  example, cab fares have almost  doubled, and the cabby, the  "isvoshtchik," picks and chooses among those who wish to hire  him. This is because be was  accustomed to spend a great  part of his income on vodka.  That means of expenditure has  been removed; consequently he  needa~~iar less "money" to keep  him in the state of comfort' to  which he' was accustomed before the war. A journey or two  and he has made enough.  A thousand details occur to  me,i but perhaps I have said  enough to give some sort of  idea of the way in which the war  has affected this gigantic frontier station of. the Bussian Empire. A city continually Worried  by rumour, a city looked at rather coldly by its smaller, but  older sisters, it has lately shown  by the steadiness with which it  passed through the crisis brought  upon it by the prorogation of  the Duma, that here, no less than  in the more truly Russian towns,  is working that new spirit of  serious determination which is  the strongest guarantee of ultimate success not only for Rus  sia but for her allies.  We are all sorry that the British Government has made mistakes in conducting the war. Errors of judgment were unavoid-  ; able under the circumstances. But  no mistake has been made that  dims the honor of the .nation^  That shines as bright as ever..So  let us draw upon our "reservoirs  of courage," and go forward.   ���������  A dictating phonograph has been invented to enable a military aviator  to record his observations and still  have  his hands  free.  An interesting and picturesque account of an inspection at  the front by Sir John French  is contained in a letter Received from a  visitor to the front.  Describing the ceremony the  writer says: It was raining when  we marched into the .square,  trodden into1 mud by- the passage of men and horses, but, as  the hour came when' the Field  Marshal was expected "the rain  ceased, and a struggling beam  of sunshine broke through the  clouds. Then came Sir John  French. He stood on the 4th  side of the square, with his  staff around him���������a little, insignificant -looking man, in a  brown cap unadorned by badges  of rank in the shape of band,  and a mackintosh, while behind  him stood some of the best brain  of Britain.   *  The ranks stiffened to attention, and he began o speak. I  have heard many speeches, some  by orators whose fame is more  than national, but I have never  heard a speaker quite like Sir  John. He speaks very .slowly, in  a voice that carries well, and I  suppose no one ever spoke in  quite such a way, to quite such  an   audience  before.  "You may have thought when  you have fought so gallantly,  day after ��������� day, in the trendies,  that you were doing no good. I  don't want any man to think  that."  So he began, and one could  See the stiffening of backs and a  squaring of shoulders as he  spoke, while over the already  quiet ranks there fell a deeper  hush. "To make charges when  one is excited���������anyone can do  that; but trench warfare���������thaj  needs all the qualities of a sol  dier."  "The battle in which you  bave been engaged and which  you haye won.,, s You have-enabled the British _ and French,  armies' to make a successful attack elsewhere." Then it was  that one realized that these men  vhad made history. Just a few  more phrases, and the speaker  finished-; and soroeone called for  "Three cheers for the Field-  Marshal."  Ye gods! how the square rang J  I doubt not tbat in this quiet  French village some backwaters  of history have sometimes rippled, but these women and children who leaned out of their  windows have seen something  that they may well tell to those  who come after,so -long as-the  old market-place lies drowsing  in the sun. They have seen the  thin band of heroes; they have  seen something of the spirit of  England; but more than that,  they have seen in their day a  little unassuming man, whose  army is greater, whose task is  harder, but whose success is  surer than ever was the case  with that other "little man"  whom France has idealized.  "The tumult and the shouting  .-dies;. V  The captains and the kings depart."  and the market place is drowsy  and deserted again, but the men  who have been marched out  have been converted into keen,  zealous soldiers by the wifcandry  of a  man's speech.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL  _.   VANCOUVER, B.C.  V  x MANUFACTURERS OP  /Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  <   Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers,and.  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  &&������  BUTTER NUT  BREAD*  Ich as  butter"  Swot as  Nut-  5c  m  FULL  POUND  LOAF  EVERY SLICE TASTES  MIGHTY NICE  _ru_t cut off a slice of fresh BUTTER-NUT  bread, spread it with . good butter���������nothing  else���������and you will be surprised at the delicious-  ness and delightfulness of that peerless aristocrat among white breads���������  BUTTER-NUT BREAD  If pure ingredients, EXPERT attention,'  conditions of spotless cleanlinesr have anything  to do in making good bread, BUTTER-NUT  will rank supreme. Try it once. Delivered daily���������phone Fairmont 44, or INSIST on BUTTER-NUT at your grocer %.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of popular 4X Bread. Phone Fairmont  44.  WOULD   COLONIZE   CANADA  What the  Germans  Would Do  if they Won the  Wsur  ; At a.- mass meeting in-Massey  Hall last week, Lieut. G. RXFor-  neret, Hamilton, 10th battalion,  who was wounded at Neuve  Chappelle, said: " We are fighting a nation whose policy is  blood anil iron, and who ��������� has  been carrying that out. It J is for  the champions of freedom to  take a rifle and stand eye to eye  and front to front with these  people and say,"Take your hands  off that flag or by the just God  we will blow,them off.'"  ��������� Hon. J< D. Hazen asserted  that had it not been for the vigilance ,of the British fleet, which  had driven the German cruisers  off the sea and protected the  shores and commerce of Canada,  destruction would have been  wrought" in the coast cities, both  upon the Atlantic and Pacific.  Discussing the operation of the  Monroe doctrine in tbe event of  the war resulting adversely to  the Allies, tbe speaker remarked  that if- even this was sufficient  to prevent a landing on our  shores of German forces the at-'  titude of Germany would be to  send her people out to colonize  the Canadian western provinces,  to fill the prairie lands with ber  citizens. In a few years, under  these circumstances, British institutions - would-be- disappearing, and in a short space they  would have experience of the  ^policy of German "culture." In  order to prevent such a contingency Canada had done a splendid   part.'  HonrW. T. White declared it was for each man to decide his duty in the light of  patriotism. "I have an almost  religious belief in the high destinies of the British race. I see that  as the stars in- their courses  fought against Siserai, so the  moral forces in the universe are  today fighting against Germany.  I believe the- British Empire  stands for ideals with which this  world is not ready to part."  Saxon colonies. Both these groups j  are surrounded by Roumanians  running west to Temesver. So,  the - Greater Boumania idea includes many of other v races.  Thousands of Kutzovlachs, or  wandering Roumanians, have  gone into other countries, fer.  Dumba is descended from this]  race. . X  i i  Roumania is rich, for the Balkans. Her commerce is larger  than that of Greece, Serbia ahd  Bulgaria combined; as large as  Mexico's, except for bullion. She  has struck oil in the hills,- and  adds $8,000,000 worth of petroleum to $123,000,000 of farm  produce, etc The city of Bucharest, with the population of  Cincinatii. is a little Paris or Pittsburgh."Coal-OilJobnnies" set  the pace. , Night is day; dress, is  extra vagahtT^utoraobile-dodgihg^  reminds one of New York.  ' The army is the. strongest numerically in the Balkans. The  Roumanians fought bravely in  1877; Plevna - 'surrendered to  them rather than the Russians.  Descendants of Roman soldiers  that held the Dacian border, they  claim to be the nearest kin left  in Europe of the Romans in race  and speech. Hence their fellow-  feeling for the Italians. There  are no more skilful politicians  than those of Bucharest.  THE ROUMANIANS  The Roumanians, who may en  ter the   war'soon,  are- next   to  the Serbo-Croates,  the most  numerous race in tie Balkans. They  number  11,000,000^ X-  Roumania iself has 7,520,000  people, nearly allVv Roumanians'.  A '��������� million more live under Russia in Bessarabia; about.3,000,-  000 in Bukowina and Transylvania   under   Hungary.   V,';-���������  In the elbow of the boundary, on the" Hungarian side, are  hundreds of thousands of Hungarians about Szekely, with coL  onies -elsewhere. About Kron-  stadt     and   Hermarinstadt ' are  .Messrs. Hampton-Pinchin, the  hustling proprietors of the baking establishment of that name,  made a splendid contribution to  the funds ofV the Red Cross Society on Wednesday;; When they  gave $640^; the proceeds of the  first day's sale of" Colonials, "a  new cake manufactured inv their  establishment. V Thousands of the  boxes were disposed of, and many  more could liave been sold had  they been available. The Colonials are a deHc^te toothsome .preparation, and will no doubt have  a large sale in the future. V  A Splendid Assortment of  ChristmasCa/rd$  WThti WESTERN CALL    A  OFFICE at prices within  your fetich.   203 Kingsway  V- r  >  / X    XX"X x^X^X'X.XI  X       X A*-Y^..  X>Xx-4''v;xX^|  Vl" X ������������������.?..": V"V>C ^ i>X������r:l  Friday, November 26, 1915  S*     4  - y  Bnchmen Go to Battle in the  Spirit of Crusaders���������A New  Day for tho French People.  Rev. Stuart L. Roussel, from  [St. Cloud,, near Paris, addressed  the Canadian Club last %week on  [the new   spirit   of France, and  [among other things, said:-"  *'I have been told people do  [not understand why Alsace  [means so much to the French  {people. I have been asked what  [is the French viewpoint. It is  not merely the question of. a  country. It is a great principle  that is involved,-namely, whether  people are to live under the government they choose or whether  they are to be forced against  their will under an alien people.  I believe if Alsace had remained  French there would have been  no war. Bismarck felt the great  danger of interfering with Alsace. The Germans claim that it  is German. ,  "The struggle for liberty in  France has been in three stages.  First there was the battle for religious liberty, then the battle  [, for "civil liberty, and now the  question is X Shall the nation be  allowed to -live her own life.''  German writers in the past have  never taken into consideration  the feeling of the people. They  have always looked at it from a  historical standpoint.  "Some two or three hundred  years ago Alsace became French  territory as a recognition of  what France had done to help  [ Germany to keep, and maintain  her national- existence against  Austria. Strassburg opened its  , doors willingly to Louis XTV.  His ntotto was never.to interfere  with' the habits and customs of  the Germans in the province.  There are mimy Germans in the  province afiU.. Then came the  great reverse in 1871. and France  was forced to cede these provinces. Her people have never recognized this'right to the Germans to take the provinces without the consent of the people  themselyes. And so for 45 years  Alsace has waited to return to  France.  .French at Heart  "Alsace has been French at  heart.The French language, although a compulsory stud in  other parts of Germany, has been  a prohibited language in Alsace.  J went there for the purpose of  -finding-out what the-sentiment  of the people is. I found that  boys and girls who have never  spoken a word of French are  French at heart. They have been  not only French���������they are ardently French." Although Germany has tried to trammel the  people in every possible way,  still they gave their heart to the  great cause of national liberty.  I asked them what their national  song was. They told me it was  'The Marseillaise.' While all the  externals have been German, all  the internal things���������all the things  of the heart and * mind���������are  French.  "In Alsace the employers were  able to speak French but the  workers .. spoke only ~ German.  When the French army entered  Alsace and took possession a  school teacher was put in' each  of the schools. Such was the  eagerness of the people to learn  French that they had acquired  the language in sax months. There  I found children singing 'The  Marseillaise*" with a German accent. The teachers had,used the  dialect method and the .language  swept over the country in- the  short space of six months. There  were, perhaps, a half dozen contributing causes that made the  people take readily to the French  language.  Know Not Defeat  "As to the t morale of the  troops at the front I was astounded to find that it was splendid. These Alsations are absolutely resolute at heart. They  know also that "Grandfather"  Joffre will not ask them to shed  their bloOd "needlessly. An ihci  dent of the spirit of the ^lpine  troops serves to show the valor  of those men. It was necessary to  cut a wire entanglement to per  mit the troops to advance. One  man crept out anc^ did part of  the work until he was shot. In  succession eight *men went down  advancing the work just a little  more. Then the troops' advanced  when the entanglements had been  cut and carried the position.  "A foreigner to France had  remarked on the resoluteness of  the people. He had visited that  country expecting to find-a nation of butterflies. Instead he  had ~ expressed astonishment to  see the back-bone of the nation.  The Moulin Rouge is not all of  France. If there' were no foreigners there would be no Mou-  lin-Rougerltis onlyinthe homes  COUJCTIQN OF RENTS  You know the*maxim.   If you want anything attended to, get a  ?>erson who is busy to do it.   Our Rental Pepartment devotes all its  ime to the management of our clients' property, and the collection  of rents of every description.  North West Trust Company, limited  E. B. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  500 RICHARDS STREET.  ft  PHONE, BET. 7467  of France that people ean get  to know - the French people. I  have a dream of some organization that will permit the people  of your country and,my country  to know each other through the  homelife.  k Spirit of Crusaders  "'Undoubtedly'there was groWr'  ing up a love of. ease and a tide  of materialism: But all of the  /men now feel that they are Crusaders. With such a feeling there  id much to make a man sa-  ered. One fellow, known as an  Apache, received the call of the  country. The waf had made a  new man of him by keeping down  all that was bad. He was mentioned in despatches on several  occasions and had-received the  high distinction of the military  medal. With these honors he ex-  pressed the sentiment that there  was only one other thing he  could do for' France and that  was to die. He felt that it was  better to die with a redeemed  character than to live on and perhaps fall into his old habits  again. And he did die shortly  after. War is of the devil, but  it sometimes has a wonderful  effect to rebuild human nature.  "For France _I believe the  dawn is here.' She has' in the  past been following a materialistic existence and has worshipped science to find that it has  failed. When the'cloud has passed I believe France will be ready  to look to her purer ideals in  the great cause of nations. I am  glad indeed to ,be with your To  me it is a symbol of the coming  together of the French people  and the British peoples. Tou are  practical; we are. idealists. Let  us join hands now in the cause  of, liberty, for purity and for  righteousness.- For it is only by  those that onr cause can prosper."     ;   VX *  ><- .,���������  JUUNDBISa STAKMBP*  Domesticated Word in tlie Peace  Hiver Country Break Pasture  and Diiappear.  ���������Oi-..  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  TsylqhFprbes Cq.  LIMITED  ^Vancouver, B. ��������� C.  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  The efforts of the pominion  government to propagate rein  deer in the Peace River country  and in the Great Slave district  have proven unsuccessful, and of  the original herd of fifty which  were sent north from Labrador  in 1911, -there1 is no-w but one  lonely survivor. He is at present  lord of all he surveys on an island in Great Slave Lake.  The  chief difficulty was    the  "bull" flies of the north, which  drove   the   reindeer  frantic ^n  {he summer. The result was that  tthey   stampeded   through    the  strongest enclosures their keep  ers could build and were lost and  shot by the  Indians.    Reindeer  have thrived in Alaska, but ap  parently the Peace River country and the valley of the Mac  kenzie were not suitable for them  Later an effort may be made to  introduce   them  in  the  Yukon  where there seems to be no reason  why  they  should   not sue  ceed.  Ah effort was even made to  cross them with caribou. It was  hoped the result would be an animal which could be domesticated, could be driven and used as  is the reindqer, while able to  stand the climate. This experiment failed for a peculiar reason. The superstitious Indians of  the North have a tradition that  centuries ago their ancestors entered into; a treaty with the caribou whereby they agreed not to  capture them alive, or degrade  them by using them for domestic purposes. While the Indians  will shoot the caribou they will  not capture them alive. They  stubbornly insisted on abiding  by this treaty. They feared that  if the treaty were broken the  cariboo would disappear or seek  new haunts. Liberal offers of  money were made to the Indians  to capture the cariboo, but without success. The efforts of the forest rangers to capture some speci  mens were not successful. Without the assistance of the cunning  of the red men the cariboo could  not be secured. The idea had to  be abandoned and the treaty  with the cariboo is still inviolate.  In -was in 1911 that Dr. Gren-  fell suggested to the Canadian  government that he believed  reindeer could be successfully'  propagated- in the Mackenzie  river basin. He believed- -that  they would prove as valuable to  settlers as to the fishermen of  Labrador and the people of Lapland. He thought they could  take the place of horses and  would be even more useful. He  pointed out the success of  the introduction of reindeer .in  Alaska. It was decided to try the  plan, and in the fall of 1911 a  herd of fifty* were brought across  the continent to the Great Slave  country. Forty-five of the fifty  survived the trip, which considering its length and hardship,  was very satisfactory.  They were placed on a point  on Great- Slave Lake which was  closely fenced in. The animals  wintered well, but when the flies  came with the summer they stampeded". Crazed/by the flies, they  broke through the fencing and  scattered in the heavy woods of  the district. They captured about  half and held them for-the rest  of the season and for the winter. It was decided to move "them  to an island in Great Slave Lake  where it was thought the flies  would, be less bothersome. They  were taken to Fort Smith to be  transported by boat to the island/  Transportation facilities in the  far north are slow and in the  meantime they were herded at  Fort Smith.' However, the flies  worried them so, mnch they they  again 'stampeded, some even  swimming the rapids in the Gt.  Slave river, which is very broad  at that point. Ten were round  eel up. Several died during the  winter, but, tbe remainder' were  finally rounded up on the island  in the Lake, However, they have  not thrived.  V ?      m   \   i        - +     ^  SHE HDTOU UNiyBRSIT^  Curing a Crop-Bound Fowl  Ivt case a fowl becomes crop  bound the contents.of the crop  may sometimes .be removed by  forcing it to swallow some sweet  oil, at least a teaspoonful. Then,  by massaging the lower portion  of the gullet and tbat part' of  the crop nearest the opening of  the gullet, the packed mass of  feed may be worked toward the  head. In such a case the bird  should be held downward, which  will aid in removing" the feed  through' the mouth- If this treatment is successful the bird  should not be allowed to eat for  several hours afterward.  Very frequently the last re  sort in case of crop impaction  is the use of the knife. A small  opening of about an inch is made  through the outer skin and into  the crop, and with the,aid of  a button hook or bent wire the  contents of. the crop are taken  out through this opening. The  crop is then washed out and the  wound stitched with the usual  surgical precautions. Coarse,  white silk thread is best to use  for stitching. Begin on the opening in the wall of the crop, tying each stitch separately as  made, and making three or four  to the inch. Then stitch the outer skin together in the same way.  After such an operation the bird  should receive nothing for two or  three days but milk and possibly some eggs beaten into the  milk. Then' change gradually to  some feed and continue until  the wounds are well healed.  With the passing of thebill to  establish a Hindu Unnr&sitjr at  Benares the government of India 1 has taken - a remarkable step  uX educational policy. It is  certainly curious that, while in  Europe universities,- are being  destroyed or depleted- bf their  students, in India one new university project after another  should be receiving the sanction  of, the supreme government. In  this, however, India is only following' precedent; for it was in  the midst of" the terrors of the  Mutiny that the first universities  in the three presidency cities,  were" founded by Lord Canning.  Lord Hardinge's term has been  in this respect more noteworthy  than that of any predecessor in  the Viceroyalty. The East Bengal University at Dacca is well  on the way; that of Behar and  Orissa at yPatna is being formulated, and< one for the Central  Provinces of Nagpur is under discussion. These institutions, however, will follow in the main the  established model. The Benares  University is to be a wholly new  experiment, for it is to be religious and denominational.  The story of the scheme makes  a singular chapter in the contemporary history   of  India. * Some  eight  years ago the  leaders  of  the Mahometan community began  with great vigor to raise funds  for a Moslem university at All-  garhj where is the most famous  modern college of the British-Islamic world. This stimulated the  Hindus to a similar effort,   but  both, schemes were.checked when  the government    of  .India   announced that no denominational  university could' be granted   a  charter except under severe restrictions.   This, of course, was  inevitable,for the government in  India is committed to fixed ahd  unalienable neutrality; iii matters  of religion.    The Hindu University Committee was prepared to  compromise, and its scheme has  gone through the legislature, hut  the Moslems, who had made great  headway in the early, stages, have  steadily declined to* accept   the  measure and kind of control upon  which   the- government   insists.! Mg Ben^  As  a consequence  the first  de-'8ea  nominational   university in   the  country will be established in the  metropolis  of Brahamic    learning. Its governing body will be  Hindu, and the teaching of Hindu religion is obligatory. It is to  be a   teaching   and  -  institutions    with, , faculties i ojL  theology   and < Oriental : studies  and its degrees are to be counted  as, equivalent in value to those V  of  thev."government universities.:  Apart from the religious .'basis, ���������  the most important new privilege  is that its' students, insteaid/of  coming  entirely  from  tlie  surrounding territory, will be drawn  from the whole of India. The Bin-"  du University, however, is not to  be- permitted to prescribe its own  matriculation tests; its students  must conform .to the standard- of  the *  government   , institutions. '  Large funds have been subscribed to the university by, the princes, the nobility, and the professional classes, and it is clear that  the project responds to a public  demand. Its development will be  watched with the keenest inter*  ���������8t*  THE NAVY  It is the major facts which the  plain' man keeps in mind. He sees '  not our own failures only,.bnt.the  failures of the enemy. He remembers that there has been only  one sphere of the war in which  victory for either side has been  overwhelming and absolute. That  is the victory of the British navy. _  The pressure of that victory is  slow, but it is cumulative,   sad  will be ultimately decisive.    -' It  will dstroy the Kaiser as it destroyed -Napoleon. He is said' to '  have attributed his defeat to the  fact   that  where ver ��������� there   was  enough water to sail a cock-boat''  he found the English there {before him. And-.the dominion; of  the navy; ia far more complete  today than it, was  a. lnindxed  years ago. It was never so convincing aa at this moment. The  submarines  ol the .������a������my%**%<  swept from the seas as abstftttely  as his cruisers and his mewhant-  men. And in the meantime ioi^  thing of profound significance fc*s  happened. British submarines of *  new and formidable type are' in  possession of the  Baltic.   The  whole transport trade -from Scandinavia to Germany is held up,  and the iron ore that is necessary for Krupp's furnaces, is be-  to the bottom of the  X'  ��������� i- >, i  ' "< ���������  r '  fc>  At ',\\  XXX  ���������V*?-'  Xx  4*-X-  Winston  Churchill, the American novelist, says the American  people bave lost the chance of a  lifetime in not protesting against  residential' the invasion of Belgium.  , .  The only monument in the  world erected to the memory of  horses which have fallen in war  was raised by public subscription  at Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony,  South Africa, in recognition of  the; gallant animals which perished in the Boer war, 1899-  1902..  Everybody Uses  the Telephone!  Where would you be without the telephone?  Back in the woods with the gophers���������-  down in the cellars with the bats���������up, in  the belfries with the owls���������-outside of civilization and behind all creation!  Hustle in your order for a telephone!  Live while you live; you'll be a long  time dead!  SALES DEPARTMENT  British Columbia Telephone  Company, limited THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, November 26, 1915,  * <������������������?,-    i  THE WESTERN CALL  E.  H.  STEVENS, M. P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  BANK LOANS IN WALL STREET  ON SEPTEMBER 30th Canadian banks had  on deposit, subject to notice of withdrawal,  $693,000,000 and $359,000,000 not subject to  notice of withdrawal. They employed a capital ' of $188,866,000. They had in circulation  $105,000,000 in notes. They had on call loans outride of Canada, mostly in Wall street, $135.-  000,000.  The   Dominion   banks,   if   they   so desired  could take up the government's entire war loan  out of. the  call, loans in Wall street and still  have $85,000,000 invested in the games. of the  " bulls  and  bears. "And  so  the bonds   of  the  war loan are quite as liquid as the Securities  upon which money is loaned for marginal speculation in Wall street, and every bit as safe, it  is now believed the hoary argument that it is  necessary to have. Canadian bank funds invested in New York' stocks because they form a sort  of liquid reserve, will cease to, form part of the  defense of the banks when they are reproach-  While  the  banks  have on deposit   bearing  . no/ interest or a mimitinni pf interest, one million and fifty-two million dollars against their  '    own aggregate capital of $188,000,000 they have  loaned in Canada $771,000,000, or $279,000,000  ' less thanvthe public have deposited with them.  -They have loaned: in New York a sum equal to  nearly 72 per cent, of their capital, while in  Canada -they have loaned to the business inter-  ,   eats/of the country pn .amount! equal to 73 per  : cent of the .people's .deposits, without touching'  "y a dollar of their capital.        !   . ,;  . I      Or another way of, putting it! would 1>e,. to!  X ssy vthat Ihe banks haxe. .qn, bitod belonging to ���������  ' ������ tbe people over'and above tb* sums loaned in,  ���������    Canada and New-York, a balance of $44,000,000 ,  1  Without counting a dollar of their, capital. It  is all very well to talk about the ^safety and,  stability pf tlie Canadian banks, that is 'never,  disputed; but it comes down to this tbat it is  Canadian deposits which make them safe, it is,  Canadian,energy and enterprise, not infrequent-*  ly handicapped by banking caution, that makes  ike deposits.' If Canaciiaii hanks were forbidden  v to nse the  money iof Canadian depositors in  New'-York would they dare 'loan up to 72 per  cent, of their own ..capital in Wall- street?  Of course, it is said the deposits are all liabilities which'the banks can be called upon to  pay. Thisjs_.t*he. ihjheory, but in practice _  not only are they not called upon to pay the  . depositors, but the deposits increase   year hy  year.  * -, What the banks are really doing is capitalising this deposit liability upon which they make  huge profits. Some day parliament will devise legislation that will make patriotism a compulsory virtue on the part of Canadian banks.  It is absurd, it is ridiculous and exasperating  to Canadian enterprise to find itself handicapped for capital and the assets, of the people  depreciated by the attitude of the banks, while  scores of millions of dollars of the money belonging to Canadians is loaned to the stock  gamblers of. Wall street.   -  AMERICAN SETTLERS NEEDED  THE WINNIPEG TELEGRAM says: "Reports coming from the Western States confirm  the belief, expressed by the Telegram some time  ago, that never was the time more opportune,  nor the necessity so great, for an active campaign to induce American settlers to come to  Canada. In the first place, money was never  so plentiful in tbe Western States as it is at the  present. The banks and trust companies are  overflowing with it. Advantageous opportunities for investment are not numerous there. There  is no great reserve of farm lands open to the  adventurous settler. Young men, by the thousands, are said to be looking for new places in  which to settle; capitalists are looking for new  places in which to invest their money. Western  Canada, with its millions of acres of. tillable but  untilled lands, is calling for settlers���������for men  who cannot only stake theniseh^s to homesteads,  but can work them after they take possession.  The; American farmer is the ideal settler for  Canada. He is already trained in Canadian  ways before he arrives. He requires no primary  education in the ideals of our democracy. , He  fits into ;the landscape. He knows our ways  and" methods like one to the manner born. As!  :*. an allurement there is the advertisement of the  greatest grain crop ever produced to appeal to  his fancy. Why doesn't he come? He doesn't  come, in part, because the advantages which we1  have to offer   him   have   not been   adequately  -"brought to his attention. He doesn't come, furthermore, because the press of his own country  has told him that if he comes he is likely to he  seized upon and "drafted" into the King's  army and made to fight for Great Britain. He  doesn't come because he has been told foolish  and untrue stories about the war-tax burden  which we are said to be laboring under. An active publicity campaign, undertaken by the Dominion government at this time, would do a great  deal towards removing these obstacles to his  coming. It would result in bringing to Canada  next spring thousands of the most desirable settlers and help to supply the void made in our  immigration by the present unhappy conditions  in Great Britain and in continental Europe. We  need the settlers and we need the money which  they would bring. They are both well worth  going after, and it should be our part to go  after them." *  The above article applies more forcibly to  conditions in this province than to the Dominion  government, as they are making considerable  effort if not sufficient, as stated. The' prairie  provinces, although having no land of their own  are spending large sums on immigration work  in the United States in addition to what is done  by the Dominion. ' While British Columbia, w;ith  its immense areas, of agricultural lands favourable climate and great natural resources stands  idly by and pay over to those more energetic  people the money for produce which should be  Taised in our own province. It is a well known  fact that Americans from the timber States and  Eastern Canadians are the most suitable for this  province and many could be secured by little  effort. ��������� ' - - -   X- x1"  CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL  AND   TOBACCO  v THE CONSUMPTION of alcoholic liquors and  of tobacco has tended annually to increase both  absolutely and relatively per head of the population.   For 1913-14 the quantity of spirits taken .  ont of bond for consumption was 4,829,115 gallons, /and of malt liquor 56,060,846 gallons., . ,* -  ��������� Of tobacco the quantity was 25)746,829 lbsin^  1913-14.   The numbed of cigars was 288,219,89a  'iii'1913-14.   ten yeare?ago, in 1904, the corres-  ponding  quantities  were  3,481,8^7   gallbhs of  spirits, '27,335,985  gallons of malt liquor, 13,-  '207,707 lh.;ojf tobacco and 180,^85,202 cigars; so  that in ten years !tbe increases are in the ratio of  89 per cent, for spirits, 105 per cent, for malt  liquor, 95 per cent, for tobacco' and' 60 per cent,  "for cigars/   The consumption per head is 1.061  gallons of spirits, 0.124 gallons of wine, 7.200  gallons of beer, and 3.711 lb. of tobacco, including cigars, the corresponding, figures in 1904 being 0.917 gallons of spirits, 0.092 gallons of wine, (  4-739-gallons of beer and 2.664 lbs. of tobacco.  T8JS TBST OF EDUCATION  SKATING SEASON OPENED  The test of a good education is the degree  of mental-culture which it-imports, for educa-;  tion, so far as its object, is scientific, is the discipline of the mind. The reader must not over-,  look what is meant by the word mind when used  in reference to education. That some dumb  animals are possessed of a sort of understanding is admitted, but it has never been asserted  that they enjoy the use of reason. , Ilan, however, has the faculty called reason in addition  to his underfstanding.. Accordingly what we  mean by saying that the object of education,  is the cultivation of our minds or that the goodness of an education varies with the degree of  mental culture amounts simply to this���������that we  better perform our functions as rational creatures in proportion as we cary further the distinction between ourselves and the brute creation���������that is, in proportion as we are better  fitted for the discourse of reason.  THE GREEK LANGUAGE  In ancient times, before the conquest of  Alexander the Great, there were many differences in the dialects spoken in different parts  of Greece. About 330 B. C. a common dialect  sometimes called Hellenistic Greek, arose. This  is the Greek of the New Testament. By 800  A. D. the differences between the spoken and  written language had become so great that the  literary language was supplanted by the spok- '  en. From'this time the language has heen further changed in grammar, inflection and by the  introduction of. loan words from other languages, notably from the Italian and Turkish/  Since the Greek kingdom was established in  1830 there has been a movement toward the  ancient idiom. This has resulted again in a  gap between spoken and written Greek. The  new movement has made Such progress, however,  that it is not too much to say that a modern  newspaper would be now intelligible to Plato.  THE VANCOUVER ARENA CO. has opened  for another winter season. The first' night there  was a very large number of skaters', and it goes  without saying that the great winter sport will  this season have its usual quota of devotees.  The price of admission has been reduced and is  the same as last year, 40 cents on band nights,  and 25 cents on regular skating nights. Tfie"  Vancouver Arena fills a long felt want in this  city and deserves a large patronage/ The proprietors' have an immense amount of capital invested in this business and in the other rinks "in  coast cities, and their enterprise and energy is  deserving of the highest appreciation of Vancouver citizens, which  is,  regular attendance.  GERMANS OUT DO  "BLACK HOLE OF CALCUTTA'  (Continued  from   Page   1)  that sleeping was out of the question.  9.   Upon arrival at the camp, their clothing  was branded with the letter "Z."  The workmen of class "B" were treated as  criminals,  undergoing  the indignity of  having'  their heads  shaved.  10. The work which the prisoners had to do  was extremely hard, especially for men- used  to handling the hammer, file and light', tools. It  consisted in clearing woods, digging trenches  for drainage and laying pipes. The distance  from the camp to their working place varied  from 3 to 6 miles, that is 6 to 12 miles' for the  return journe'y, thus combining the hardships  of a long march with weariness resulting from  excessive toil.  r  Although the ground was - formed of- quicksand, the Germans objected to the construction  of the most elementary-safety -.devices,-.such- as  propping, and it was quite evident that they  wanted to make the work as difficult, as dangerous and as unhealthy as possible. In several  instances the'workmen had narrow escapes from  being crushed by Vfalling, "trees or buried -by  earth slides in the trenches which were some-,  times from 9oto ,12 -feet deep.f - Prequently/'the,  ' trenches were flooded and the men hadvto work  bare-footed in the ice-cold water. .  ,,, .No rest wasV-sHowed., byx-the,., guards. * As  -Boon-as-a" wbrn-dut prisoner wanted to-rest ifor  a moment, he was struck with a stick or the  .butt-end of a rifle, sometimes'evfen with the bay-  <onet.    X   ������-xX-. x   ���������'* ������ '���������'-     ,    "~n*    i  '   11.   The food 'generally' was insufficient, bad '  and unwholesome. , Below we give .a sample bill  of fare:' ' "' r '   "/',- - >xr'..'^-        -   ���������  Sunday: Morning, 8 oz. of bread baked with  'flour to which .large quantities of, mashed pota-.  toes have been added.   A  decoction of.ialt.  (This meal is the same every day). Noon:. Very  bitter sauerkrout soup. Evening: Corn soui  with blood sausage^'(This latter aa a rule is nol  fit' to  eat).      ' ,,-x- ' - ���������: X -   ^  Monday: Noon; Barley,soup; evening, 8ozJ  of bread, malt. 7 X v  Tuesday: Noon,', Bean ;soup. Evening, Barlej  Soup,  blood sausage.       '��������� ���������'  Wednesday: Noon, same as night before!  Evening, Corn soupj a little' cheese, blood sausf  age. ' ,  Thursday: Noon, -Barley soup. Evening, maltj  blood sausage (not fit to eat). '  Friday: Noon, Codfish soup (disagreeable  taste). Evening, Bean soup and one herring.  Saturday: Noon, com soup. Evening, malti  blood  sausage.  Not infrequently the herrings and the blooc  sausages were in spoiled condition; but our work-]  men had to eat them to satisfy their craving]]  for food sharpened by working all day in the]  open.  When the men fell sick owing to lack of]  nourishment, the guards simply laid them aside  and left them any where, exposed to the rain and  sun. The French and, English prisoners whose  camp was separated from theirs only by a road,  took pity on them and threw them portions of j  the, provisions which they received from home.  ���������AU soups, with the exception of cod-fish, j  and sauerkrout, were made of substances which  ordinarily are used 'in Belgium for the feeding  of cattle (horse-beans, Jndian corn, barley,]  beets) and contained only very few potatoes.  Such food was naturally repulsive to men used  to well-prepared, wholesome , and tasty nutriments such as coffee, white-bread, meat, different vegetables,  etc.  For three weeks the potatoes were thrown  into the soup- without" being  either washed  or ]  peeled.  12. The men slept on boards. Some had covers,  others were without them.  13, The least infraction of the rules was se-l  verely   punished.     The forms   of   punishment]  .varied; but all bqre.4he trace of cruelty. -   *A|  man who  was  late" in .coming to  the shower-  bath, had to stand for several hours bare-foot-  ,- ed on the tar-paper roof of a shed, his face]  exposed to the sun. Another form of punish-]  ment consisted in making the victim run, for]  several hours with a bag of bricks on his shoulders' or/'with a'; brick in each hand and two I  bricks.attached to each side of his coat. -~]Hej  was allowed a rest of fiye or six minutes and a ]  ;^fifl������fi8 of water eyery^wo^hours.- xSometimes: the  pnsohefcj were ordered to cross a small ri*f*erj  whose banks are very steep. Staggering und*-$ a  heavy load, the men had ���������to cross the st*ce$m  several times in succession.' Another forjtf^of!  punishment was. to tie a man to a post or a -tfcee  his, face exposed to the sun and leave hira in  'that position for/several hours. [r|  Four men have fallen seriously ill and? are  still being treated at the camp hospital. Several others became sick since returning to their  country.  " About' 273 recruits for the two  branches of the Imperial flying  service, the.Boyai Flying Corps  and the Royal Naval Air > Service, have been recruited in  Canada."   X  MUST HAVU PASfcPO&T  ]ftenceforth all British subjects  without i exception, must secure  passports -before entering the  United Kingdom. A despatch  conveying this important information has been received by the  Governor-General from Mr. Andrew Bonar Law, the secretary  of state for the colonies.    Pass-  < r  ports will be required of all people entering Great Britain until  further notice, which probably  means during the duration of  the war.  TAKES DUTCH LINER  The Statendam, a big liner under construction in Harland &  Wolff's shipyards, Belfast, for  the Holland-American line, has  been taken over by the British  government, according 'to news  reaching this continent. It is said  the large steamer was purchased  for $5,000,000. The vessel will  be used as a transport in the  Dardanelles, and after the war  is over if she is still afloat she*  "will likely go to the Cunard line  to replace the Lusitania. X '  ": She is a triple screw steamship og 32,500 gross tonnage, 740  feet long, with 86 fee. 4r inches beam. She was to steam 19  knots. --���������������������������x -'VV-.:���������:������������������  Eating between ;  Meats is perfectly  Natural far  Healttiy, Active ���������  Children  ���������Giv������Tbem Gooo;  Energy-Restoring  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Broads  .ARC JUST SUCH FOODS  Made of Canada's most imiUiUoua floor and pore  water in British Colombia's most sanitary, dean,  baking  \  5  FULL  16  OUNCE  LOAF  Every one "sealed at the oven"  '' -".    v.' x    xxyx.* ';���������.      ���������"        /  HAisap^NrPnsicHm  Bakers of BETTER Bread ���������:;X '���������'  ���������-^'; {-���������  ..;-:?������������������.'.-r>'.y4--;*;  ���������.L.rrii::r  -rfir'.:;..  ���������:���������,'.-:,$;;;,���������.���������'-.;;.-;:'.  X'S,  -l~'-/'lf'r  -V-^.i r'rtri^[i--.'ri..'l  ��������� X,-:  XJjMi##^e^^  TTOv^TESTBBN ^C&fcLv  IT  A:  i *i  ^PROHIBIKOH'^^^^ ���������-  X* NEWFOUNDLAND  ���������"' With the return from St. Ba-  rbe district- received, reports were  made complete from the eighteen electoral districts' in "Newfoundland on the prohibition  plebiscite submitted to the electors of the colony on November  4th. J;  St. Barbe registered 1069 ballots for prohibition and 437  against. This offsets a majority  of about .200 which had been registered against the proposed  measure in the other seventeen  districts, and the measure is  carried by 404 votes.  The report from St. Barbe was.  delayed by recurrent storms along  the coast. Communication from  that district to the capital was  cut off for the coasting vessels  which carry the mails had been  previously unable to make the  trip.  The bill, which was submitted  in the plebiscite of Nov. 5, gives  the government permission to enact the importation, manufacture  and sale of liquors in the Island  of Newfoundland.  XvvvXvxjvx^vXx^^x^  "\V;~--:;-i:.;-r1;'::,--i-),-r-;&-H^  M_Mi_es*Mea^eMPiS444444444444.������w������......wn������M X* X/t^XvX:-X������<v'  f���������Hf  ONE   OF VANCOUVER'S BUSINESS STEEETS  Mr. J. H. McVery, one of the  members appointed froan the labor unions, in connection with  investigating the Workingmen's  Compensation Act, has returned  from a tour of the other provinces of the Dominion, and  part of the United States.  XOl  mt  Ito  IOC  ,<���������-  <_ I        ������ ? *   lb  WAR   LOAN  DOMINION OF CANADA  J. h*  i.  ISSUE OF $50,000,000 M BONDS MATURING Jit DEC, 1925  ''   In" (f.   ������i'' rfif   r,i i  Eight Reasons Why  Royal Standard Flour  ���������*!  1. Highest in gluten quality."  2. Made from ������best Manitoba hard wheat.      , \  3. Milled for home use.  4. Milled absolutely- clean���������spotlessly so.  6. Uniform working/properties.  5. Has  great rising power.  7. Made right here in British Columbia.  8. Costs ho more than any other.  Accept no other.   INSIST at your store on having ROYAL STANDARD delivered to you.  xfifpltl  Vancouver Milling ft Grain Co., Lid.  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  NAPOLEON .AND.  THE KAISER  ni      -,c(lvl'.       Xi  ,1    . . *tf'  .1    .      .1     iVlfli  .J  > '      . i>  'i!' V      -������  I   '-,        "    4       '      '     I       'J  .1     . ,.4)|4(  j   fit*  ., ^ clBepsy������W������ J* V*vt*t  OTTAWA, BAU?AX, ST JO.BH, C������ABLOTTETOWrl,  MONTREAL, TORONTO,  WINNl?EO,  REGINA, OAWttEY. yOTOIWA.,4  JNTEBW PAYABLE WALF-YEARLY-lst JUNE, 1st DECEMBER  V, 'J>t'->*     r   < .  ISSUE PRICE 971  A ?ULL SALF YEAB'S INTEREST WILL BE PAB> ON lit JUNE, 1916  THE PROCEEDS OF THE LOAN WILL BE USED FOR WAR PURPOSES ONLY.  r     ������������������  In the event of future issues (other than issues made abroad) being made by the Government, for the purpose  of carrying on the war, bonds of this issue will be accepted at tbe issue price, 97-%. plus accrued interest, as  the equivalent of cash for tbe purpose Of subscriptions to sucbTssues.  THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers herewith  on behalf of the Government the above named Bonds  for subscription at97J/2 payable as follows,���������  10   per   cent   on   application.  7y2  20  20  20  20  Srd January, 1916.,  1st February, 1916.  1st March, 1916.  1st April, 1916.  1st May, 1916. .  The instalments may be paid in full on and after  the Srd day of January, 1916, under discount at the  rate of four per cent, per annum. All payments are  to be made to a chartered bank for the credit of the  Minister of Finance. Failure to pay any instalment  when due will render previous payments liable to  forfeiture and the allotment to cancellation.  Applications, accompanied by a deposit of ten per  cent, of the amount subscribed, must be forwarded  through the medium of a chartered bank, Tbe bank  will issue a provisional receipt:  This loan is authorised under Act of the Parliament of Canada and both principal and'interest will  be a charge upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund.  Forms of application may be obtained from any  branch of any chartered bank in Canada, and at the  office of any Assistant Receiver General in Canada.  Subscriptions must be for even hundreds of  dollars. x V .. ..-,-���������-, .-.'.:/,.'./:' . ���������  In case of partial allotments the surplus deposit  will be applied towards payment of the amount due on  the January instalment. 11  Scrip certificates payable to bearer will be issued,  after allotment, in exchange for the provisional  receipts. . .; *XxX       '  -When the scrip certificates have been paid in full  and payment endorsed thereon by the bank receiving  the money, they may be exchanged for bonds with  coupons  attached, payable to bearer  or registered  as to principal, or for fully registered bonds without  coupons.  Delivery of scrip certificates and of bonds will be  made through tbe chartered banks.  Tbe interest on the fully registered bonds will  be paid by cheque, wbicb will be remitted by post.  Interest on bonds with coupons will be paid on surrender of coupons. Roth cheques and coupons will  be -.payable free of exchange at any branch of any  chartered bank in Canada.  Holders of fully registered bonds without coupons will bave tbe right to convert into bonds with  coupons, payable to bearer or registered, without  payment of any fee, and holders of bonds with coupons will-have tbe right to convert, without fee, into  fully registered bonds without coupons at any time  on application in writing to the Minister of Finance.  The issue will be exempt from taxes���������including  any income tax���������imposed in pursuance of legislation  enacted by the Parliament of Canada.  The bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations of $100, $500, $1,000. Fully registered bonds  without coupons will be issued in denominations of  $1,(HW, $5,000 or any authorised multiple of $5,000.  Application will be made in due course for the  listing of the issue on the Montreal and Toronto  Stock Exchanges.  The loan will be repaid at maturity at par at the  office of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General at Ottawa, or at the office of the Assistant Receiver' General; at Halifax, St. John,  Charlottetown,  Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary or  Victoria: X x:X.;  Tlie books of the loan will be kept at the Department of Finance, Ottawa.  Recognized bond and stock brokers will be allowed a commission of one-quarter of one per cent on  allotments madeV in respect of applications which  bear their stamp.  Q������  Subscription Lists will close on or before 30th November^  Finance Department, Ottawa, 22nd November, 1915.  [OK  IX  xox  JI  Every day the resemblance between Napoleon and the Kaiser  grows stronger. In 1810, France  stretched from the confines of Naples to the Baltic, Holland and  the Hanseatic towns having  been the latest additions. It was  possible to travel from Lubeck  to Rome without passing outside the boundaries of Napoleon's  domain.- x x  Shortly it may be, possible to  travel from Hamburg ^Constantinople without passing' outside  the area controlled by, the Kaiser^ soldiers.' Austria is virtually Va vassal kingdom of the  Prussian, and; Bulgaria-, -will  shortly be dominated by the  same'impudept power.  Another comparison lies in the  inevitable end of this attempt at  world-conquest. Napoleon's final  defeat was inevitable from his  first campaign, and so is the Kai-j  ser's. Napoleon attempted the  impossible, and so did the Kaiser. Napoleon's Russian expedition of 1812 has been much discussed in comparison with the  Kaiser's Russian campaign of  1915. It remains to be seen whether the results will be the same,  but at present it seems likely. The  campaign in Bulgaria has its  counterpart in Saxony in 1813.  Napoleon's great victory at  Dresden in August of that year  only postponed the great defeat  at Leipsic in October. The Kaiser  may occupy Nish and join hands  with the Turks, but his Leipsic  will come sooner or later.  'Between Napoleon's last great  victory at Dresden in August,  1813, and the occupation of  Paris in March, 1814, there was  only a period of five months.  The downfall of the Kaiser may  be less swift, but it is equally  certain. Will it be Elba or St.  Helena?���������Canadian   Courier.  Premier  ���������  Pancake  Flour  Made horn CHOICEST  of Wbeal Products.  AGREEABLE to a*y  SENSE.  ;���������-?:V -: ^ykyy^. *,vyy I  ^SXti&il  X^V������������$>8ih|  XSfg|p������!!'i  .iifiiilii  xPlflffl  XfXS|||  vvxx#%_  XVXXW  ���������^&h?mm  VV X-XQIi^re  isist.  '    ;XXX*������#|  WJSJAiiri^fT  r.i^f'rs!t;-fr:^  'WJJMM$  XXpl#M  AJ:Ay$%0T  ' "'kmMMM  '���������,v-.': fXiX-HKi,'  ?*;'������$������$*&.]  iM  A-'Xjs:-:  *i  The ONLY  Flwr MADE w VAH-  ASK YOUR GHOCfcJ-t  *<';���������i^ft:"���������,���������''^I-^'.e5���������*i45;'���������l  tnom  The question of re-establishing a��������� monarchial form of government in China has been overshadowed for the time being by  the discussion of the proposal  that China enter the Entente Alliance, which is attracting wide  attention. The Chinese press in  general seems to be inclined favorably toward the proposal and  regards the attitude of Japan  as the principal harrier which  might he interposed. The papers take the view that if Japan  seconds the invitation of her allies, China cotild not refuse to  enter the Entente. Japan is carefully concealing her attitude.  PHONE SEYMOUR 9086  *^fy^������%  Whilst Money  in the pocket burns, Money on  Deposit here Earns.  4 Per Cent. Interest  Credited  Monthly  Is This Not Convincing?  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citisen Building, Ottawa. h v       *-  >N   $  6  Friday, November 26, 1915     )|]  [.'���������- " v..  *- .,''  in  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards-have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, November 27  "Only a breeze, but a sail is set free,  And a boat that was motionless speeds o'er the sea,  Only the light of my friend's loyal smite���������    ,  Bet because of his faith in me' life is worth while!  Breakfast���������Stewed Fruit. Cereal with Cream.  Fish Balls.   Whole Wheat Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Julienne Soup. Veal Ragout. Potato  Puff. Cauliflower. Apple and Nut Salad. Bavarian  Cream. Coffee.  Supper���������Creamed Lima' Beans. Baking Powder Biscuits. Honey. Brambles. Tea.  Brambles  Beat one egg and add the juice and grated  rind of one lemon, one cupful of sugar, one  cupful of stoned and chopped raisins and, one-  half cupful of broken walnut meats. Roll thin  a plain puff paste and cut it into circular pieces  about the size of a saucer. Put the fruit over  one-half of each piece, wet the edges, turn the  paste over, press the edges together and bake in  a quick oven for about twenty minutes.  Sunday, November 28  The sun is but a spark of fire,  A transient meteor in the Bky;  The soul,-immortal as its sire,  Shall never die.'   --  ���������James. Montgomery.  Breakfast���������Puff Omelet with Orange Marmalade. .Fried Cereal. Dry Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Bread Sticks. Planked  Steak. Potato Border. String Beans. Lettuce  and Roquefort Salad. Apricot Ice Cream.'Wafers.  Coffee. '  Lunch���������Jellied Salmon Salad. .Olives. Tea  Rolls.   Fruit   Cake. Tea.  Jellied Salmon Salad  Soak one .tablespoonful of granulated gelatin  in four tablespoonfuls of cold water for five min  utes, then add it-to three-quarters of a cupful  of hot boiled salad dressing. .Cool, add one and  one-half cupfuls of canned salmon separated  into flakes, two tablespoonfuls of chopped olives,  one tablespoonful of chopped sweet green pepper, one tablespoonful of. lemon juice, one-half  teaspoonful bf salt and a few grains of cayenne.  $Mix thoroughly,(turn ino a wet mold, set aside  until firm and serve On crisp lettuce leaves.  Monday, November 29  After yon have been hind, after love has stolen forth  into the world and done its beautiful work, go hack into  the shade again and say nothing about it. fcove hides,  even from'itself.   ,  X. < ���������Henry Prnnunond..  . -Brtakfaft���������Cereal with Cream. Beef. Potatoes and Pepper Hwfc. Warmed Bolls. Coffee.  PiWer���������Cream bf fleet Soup. Lamb Chops.  Boiled Rice. Spinach, pate Pudding. Coffee.  *%ep9ef~Italian Macaroni. Oatmeal Bread.  Currant Preserves. Crisped Wafers. Tea.  .   Cream of Beet Soup  Cut two boiled beets into dice, add three cup-  juls of mutton stock, simmer fifteen minutes  and press through a sieve. Cook two tablespoonfuls of flour in two tablespoonfuls of butter, add  gradually three cupfuls of hot milk, stir and  cook until smooth, then add the prepared beets,  -season with pepper and jalt and beat_th_or-  oughly before serving.  Twwday, November W  ���������"Commend me to that generous heart  Which, like the pine on high,  Uplifts the same uncarying brow  to every'change of sky."  RreaJtfait���������Pears. Cereal with Cream. Skewered Liver and Bacon. Buckwheat Griddle  Cakes., Coffee.  Dinner ��������� Onion Soup. Roast Spareribs.  Brown Gravy. Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Turnips. Browned Parsnips. Apple Fritters. Crackers   and Cheese.   Coffee.  Supper���������Smoked Herring. Celery. Currant  Buns. Baked Bananas. - Cup Cakes. Tea.  Apple Fritters'  Mix and sift one cupful of flour, one and  one-half teaspoonfuls of baking powder, one-  quarter of a teaspoonful of salt and two tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar; then add one egg  well beaten and diluted with one-third of a  cupful of milk. Pare and core two tart apples,  cu hem in hin slices lengthwise, stir them into  the batter, drop by spoonfuls into deep hot fat  and  fry  until  brown.  Wednesday, December 1  The cottage warm and cheerful heart  Will  cheat the  stormy winter  night,  Will bid the glooms of care depart  And to December  give delight. s  ���������Phili Freneau.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Bacon, Fried  Bananas. Caraway Biscuits.   Coffee.  Dinner���������Celery Soup. Sliced Pork. Horseradish. Baked Potatoes. Boiled Onions. Coleslaw. Apple Indian Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Corn Chowder. Crisped Crackers.  Popovers. Amber Marmalade. Tea.  Caraway Biscuits  " Sift together three pints of flour, three teaspoonfuls of baking powder and one teaspoonful of salt! Rub in four tablespoonfuls of shortening, then add two beaten eggs, one pint of  milk and two tablespbnfuls of caraway seeds.  Knead quickly to a smooth, firm dough, roll out  to about one-third of an inch in thickness, cut  into rounds, prick several times with a fork,  place in buttered tins and bake in a hot voven  for' about   fifteen minutes.  Thursday, December 2  The pools are locked with ice, and dead  Are all the brooklets and the rills,  The bare-boughed birches sigh, and wave  With low  laments  o'er Summer's  grave.  ���������Daniel Chase.  Breakfast ��������� Grapefruit. Sausages. Lyonnaise  Potatoes.   Rolls;   Coffee.  Dinner���������Noodle Soup. Lamb Chops. Stuffed  Sweet Potatoes. Lima Beans. Lettuce Salad..  Raisin Puffs. Tanilla Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Browned HaB>i. Mixed Pickles. Rye  Bread. Canned Peaches. Loaf Cake. Tea.-    ���������  Stuffed Sweet  Potatoes \  " Bake sweet potatoes until .tender and, cut  them in halves, lengthwise.   Scoop out the pota-'  to with a spoon, mash, season with pepper, salt  land a dasb of cayenne, moisten with hot cream, i  beat until very light and return to the shells.'  Boil tour tablespoonfuls of molasses and one :  tablespoonful of butter for three minutes, brush  tbe potatoes- with this syrup and brown in a  hot oven.  , Friday, .pecember 3  When bearded December sweeps down from the north  And the far-lying snows shield from chill the dear earth,  May the blasts that then blow bring bright blessings to  you.  ���������Ernest Siegfried SwenBon.  Breakfast���������fcaked Apples. . Cereal with  Cream. Scrambled Eggs. Buttered Toast. Coffee.  _ _ Dinner���������Tomato _ Soup.- Boiled Salmon.. Hol-  landaise Sauce. Potatoes with Parsley. String  Beans. Peach Tarts.  Coffee.  ,  Supper���������Baked  Celery with  Cheese.  Bread  and Butter. Stewed Figs. Cake. Tea.  Baked Celery with Cheese  Wash tbe celery, cut it into inch lengths,  cover with boiling water and let simmer until  tender. Drain, and to the liquid add enough  white stock to make two cupfuls in all. ������Cook  four tablespoonfuls of flour in four tablespoonfuls of butter, pour in the liquid gradually, stir  and cook until smooth, season with pepper  and salt, then add the celery together with  one-half cupful of grated cheese. Turn into a  buttered baking dish, cover with buttered  crumbs and bake until delicately browned.  V  "JINGLE  FOT"  COAL  BUILDEB8'  SUPPLIES  FUBN1TUKE  BAGGAGE  and  PIANO  MOVEBfl  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump, $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per' ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AND FIRE  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but we spe*<  cialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage.   We have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  YOUR PATBON AGE  IK  ALL THESE LINES  SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  CORRESPONDENCE  'Booze"  80 Pender Street East,  PHONES:   SET.  405,  Vancouver, B.  605,   5408, 5409  C.  King George or King  Editor Western Call:  Sir,���������If this awful crisis has  taught us anything, it has taught  us how hard it is to serve two  masters, and tfhe cry of the Prophet Elijah comes ringing down  the centuries from the \First  Book of Kings, "If,the Lord be  God, Nfollow Him, but if Baal,  then follow him." There can be  no halting between two opinions. We must face our responsibility-in no uncertain way, and  those of us who are denied the  glory and honor of fighting the  Kaiser and his Hunnish hordes  in Europe have the privilege of  fighting King "Booze" and his  cursed traffic in our province.  Here we can meet and defeat  the other Huns and arch-enem  ies of our Empire. So say our  war lords and great statesmen;  so says our beloved king by actions that speak louder than  words. Then in the name of common sense let us cut loose from  the cursed traffic, for if it is  treason for a British subject  to aid the enemy by interfering with the usefulness of a machine gun, what of the dirty  Huns who lower the efficiency  of our sons and brothers who  are dying in the trenches that  we may live? In my estimation  those who approve of such devilish work are double-dyed traitors, be theyx premiers of provinces, preachers of the Gospel,  or of the "Merchants' Protec-  tive Association," who barks  from the basement of a "booze"  factory.. The individual "who  cannot spell bis own name'^is  great on compensation or the  continuance of the traffic. .  Now the people of the Prohibition movement, like our king, are  determined to go out of the  "booze" business, and if. our  enemies think they can compel  us to stay in and* grant them licences, they will have to go to  the courts in the good old British way, where they' can get  just what they don't want���������good  old British fair play.  "What is' sauce for the goose  should be sauce for the gander"  ���������let them seek compensation as  their victims are forced, to do  when a "booze" butcher rides  his chariot rough-shod over -a  workingman. The friends of a  slaughtered citizen seeking compensation have Ao prove - their  case in a court of justice in the  good old British way. So we  will expect Sir Richard to play  British and hand out no handicaps, and while his reply to the  people in this matter is not along  the lines.of Pitt's replytto^Horace Walpole, it certainly reminds me of a circus that- traveled through old Ontario in the  long ago. The advance agent  painted the highways red with  coming events/ one of which  was "Come and see Dare-devil  Dick, the prince of'clowns, in bis  great equestrian feat ot riding  two horses going in opposite directions." Of course, it .takes a  rubber man with an elastic conscience to play ihe trick.<  Roblin riding a nightmare  was rather a disastrous stunt.  Again there is an old adage bordering on a truism tbat says  "Put a beggar on horseback and  he'll ride to the devil," and get  there quicker if he happens to  have the scent of coming profits  from brewery stock in bis no*  trils.  There ' are some things more  important than party fealty.  There are some things more honorable than party victory. There  are some things more disgraceful than defeat. Great ministers,  knights like Sir Rodmond, have  been corrupted by ��������� the low tone  our public life has borrowed  from other lands than Britain.  Take warning that the only vie-;  tories worth winning are on .moral issues, such as the regeneration of our race and nation. But  let not the voice of brewers deceive you.' To premiers one might  say as Junius said to the king:  "You are so unaccustomed to the  language of truth that you-only  recognize it when you hear it in  the complaint and reproaches of  your people." There are even  greater honors than-those conferred by the sovereign's sword. A  king can make a belted, knight,  etc.,   etc.,  etc. ,  Fifty years' faithful service in  the ranks of the Liberal-Conser  vative pary, without seeking a  favor entitles jne in this hour,  when loyalty and v efficiency  spell life and liberty, to tender  the following advice to Sir Richard: "Stop, look and listen. Stop  sparring for position^\K JCfeorge  be king, follow him XX V if  /'Booze,"   then   follow  him.'  W, A  BLACK.  Nov. 24; 1915. X,  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  i  when your competitors are showing signs  weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, .and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strei  and process is doublyeffective.  i *  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office ������t������-  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY  -  4  ���������  ���������������������������      :���������  . ' \ J     ������������������:��������� X   'X'  v     ^  t ������   * Tit' r       J  >.* v. X  '? 1-4.  [*- JFriday, November 26, 1915  SPORTING COMMENT  There is one matter that no  Ivery" definite information has been  ���������published about so far, that of ref-  [erees for the coast league this  (year. -Phillips and Ion are available, but are hardly able to keep  [in touch with a double schedule  [of games twice a week. It will  |be necessary to grab off another  r couple.  The Westminster amateur lacrosse tearibwere presented with  gold lockets by'the'citizens of the  ' Fraser River borough for again  bringing honors to the city. This  time it is the Mann Cup that has  gone to New Westminster, after  reposing in the Terminal City for  several years. The young fellows over there seem destined to  follow in the steps of their elders  in world-lacrosse honors, and are  - to be congratulated on their season's display. v  ���������   ���������   ���������  Percy Jieseur,   who   has   had  many   years- oft experience   between the flags as goaler in ice  1 hockey,   has   signed on  with a  team  that may be  in"r Toronto,  T and may not be at all.     In his  ; best days Leseur was certainly a  wonderful player. One numerous  occasions he   batted   the   puck  from the nets much like a baseball  player,  indeed, it  was he  who started tactics of, that de  scription' on  the  ice. Possessed  of  a  keen eye and a splendid  -judge   of   distance, he   was  a  .very hard man to beat.  V George Kennedy, of Montreal,  :isa.< great Campaigner, but a  ~po$>v manager. Aft , his    talk  about i?������j^ing up coast league  . played ,Xbas, proved humbug  |from the - start.,; One flayer is  f;reported., to 'have flirted, some  |with tl^e: Canadien manager; but  .since Lester Patrick announced  Ithat Poulin was signed up for  \ Victoria -foisanotber season, Mr.  Kennedy's talk has been proven  ���������te large chunk of rot.  The dominion rugby honors  of the east were won' this year  by the Tigers of Hamilton, who  defeated the Toronto Bowing  Club in the Queen City on Saturday last.  There is talk of a, game of  hockey in the east between the  old "Silver Seven" of Ottawa,  the team.' that whitewashed so  many Stanley Cup aspirants,  and the "Little Men of Iron" of  Montreal. Among the Ottawa  team would be Bouse Huston, the  goalkeeper, who did like service  for the Capitals on the lacrosse  field for many years, Westwick,  Alf. Smith, Harvey Pulford, Art  Moore Frank McOee, and the  two v Qilmours and probably  Bruce'-'Stewart. On the Montreal team would be Riley Hem,  Pud Glass, Ernie Russell, Jimmy  Gardner and one or two others.  The game would prove immensely interesting and the proceeds  would swell the patriotic funds  by a considerable amount.  A Farewell War?  In many quarters it is expected  that the present hockey .war will  be the last in Canadian hockey.  The coast league has abundance  of - first class material to draw  from in the prairies of. the middle west, and it is not, expected  they will ever need to.go past  Winnipeg for players of first-class  calibre. . Indeed it'looks as if Mf.  Patrick had struck a hive of  stars, in Edmonton, and all the1  aspiring youngsters will, get a fair  deal by applying" for a berth out  this way;' Jt will be good,for  the game, too, as tfie old fellows  will have^ to-rustle to pull down  their salaries. The eastern league has nothing^very outstanding  right now in the way of players,  and ���������while there are many good  play era. down that, way, the fellows in' the middle west have an  opportunity of .longer and bet  ter practice.  HANBircrs  For  UJM3ER--SASH-DOQRS  WOOP & COAL,   Phone: Bayview 1075  SjC  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SBI?BUXW)BBS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Pocked, Painted  and Repaired.-  North Vancouver, B. 0.  Portland has added three high  class players within the last day  or two, according to report. A  goal-keeper from Winnipeg by  the name of Murray has been located, and with him'the Irvine  brothers have signified their intention of turning professional.  Del Irvine is a defense player,  and is known all over Canada as  a star, and his brother, Dick, .is  a centre player- of equal brilliancy. The addition of. these  players just about makes Portland the team to beat for the  bunting. There will be .Murray,  Johnson,, Irvine, Dunderlale,  Tobin, Oatman and Irvine on  the lineup, with Harris and a  couple of others ready on the  side at any time." The Portland  team has always been a dangerous combination, with, a slight  -tendency to scrap too much, but  the lineup for this year looks  good enough for anyone, and the  Hosebuds will* be in line for the  opening'game shortly.  Pacific coast, people have a  splendid newspaper acquaintance  with the stars of the hockey  world from coast to coast, and  there is much interest shown  in the prospective lineups of the  teams. The summary given above  regarding the Portland team is  sufficient to warrant great doings  from that quarter, but lest anyone should think that the other  cities are  less  brilliantly represented",- look at this: For Seattle  ���������Holmes,,   Foyston,    Carpenter,  Walker, Wilson, Rowe, Haas and  a couple'of other star amateurs;  Victoria,   McCullough,   Patrick,  X^enge,   Poulin, Kerr,   O'Leaafy,  Ran McDonald, and several others of t equal prominence on ,the  steel blades,' and then, Vancouver,   Lehman,    Cook,', Griffiths;  Taylor, MacKay, Seaborn, Mal-  len,  Stanley,  and  another full  blooded  (wonder Vfrom - Edmon-;  ton, whom Manager Patrick \ has  not  yet mentioned} there  looks  like a wonderful aggregation of  stars indeed. v  ���������   ���������   ������  The Pacific Coast Hockey  League should just about be the  finest in existence this season.  At the outset of the hockey war  it did not seem reasonable to  expect the cream of the coun  try entirely, but since the /hot-  air bubble of the eastern mag  nates has been pricked, it now  looks like a great year in hockey  out here. To date the eastern  men_ have_ signed up one Pacific  Coast man who was under contract to play here. The Ottawa  team captured Frank Nighbor,  the Vancouver wing man, but  otherwise not a single man has  deserted. the coast league. On  the other hand the Coast League  has secured five men from Toronto, three from Winnipeg, one  from Regina and the prospect  is for several other high class  amateurs from the prairie. We  do not know what' had to be  paid for these signatures, but  we do know that the N. H. A  is absolutely a second class  league for this season at least.  The upshot of the matter will  surely be forcibly fixed on the  minds of the eastern magnates,  that to play fair and square all  the1 time is the best policy.  LOCAL SOLDIERS  TO LEARN FIRST .AID  UNITED COLUMBIA INVESTlfENT  COMPANY, LOOTED  The Provincial Council of St.  John's Ambulance Association is  taking active steps to have  every soldier instructed in the  elements of first aid work before  he leaves for the front. Last  week Colonel Birdwhistle ' and  other officials of the Canadian  headquarters at Ottawa proposed the appointment of instructors throughout Canada to teach  the members of each battalion  first aid. The minister of militia expressed himself in favor  of the idea and asked the St.  John's Ambulance Association to.  carry it out as soon as possible.  With this aim the officers of  the Provincial Council have sent  out letters from -their office in  Vancouver to all the centres- in  the province, including Victoria,  'Nanaimo, New Westminster, Pr.  Rupert and points in the interior.  Mr. Wm. Burns, secretary of  the British Columbia Council, on  Friday evening telegraphed to  Ottawa that three instructors had  been secured and that arrangements .were being made for  the appointment of others. Probably five or six will be selected  in this military district.  Applicants for the position' of  instructor must not only be thoroughly acquainted with the first  aid work, but must also be able  to teach others. They must, it is  reported, have secured I certificates or medallions indicating  that they have - passed examinations in first aid work and, above  all, they must be' men of good  character.  Instructors will probably - be  placed under the medical officer of the regiment to which  they will be attached. At present a detachment-from the Canadian Army Medical Corps is attached to each Overseas, unit,  but the duties.of the members  of this section are to j>erf arm  first aid rather than to instruct  the men in it. Each soldier in a  battalion is provided with a first  aid kit which is sewn on the inside of his coat, but experience  has shown that on the field of  battle the men have not known  how to, properly use their bandages. As the result of the system of instruction to be carried  on by the St. John's Ambulance  Brigade and great saving of life  and limb will probably be effected.  Applications for the rank of.  instructor will be received at the  offices of the Provincial Council,  St. John's Ambulance Association  216 Vancouver Block, or by Major Paulin, O.C., N6. 19 Field  Company, C.A.M.C.  PUBLIC NOTICE ia hereby given  tbat under' the Pint P^rt of chapter 79 of tbe Revised Statutes of  Canada, 1906, known as "The Companies Aet," letters patent have been  issued under the Seal of the Secretary of State of Canada, bearing  -date the llth day of November, 1915,  incorporating Edward Frank * White,  secretary, Albert Hapgood > Sparry,  general manager. Dee Clifford Pennington, clerk, Eugene Wesley Kaufman, accountant, and Robert Lail  Morrow, purchasing agent, all of the  City of Vancouver, in the Province  of British Columbia,' for the following purposes, viz.:  (a) ToXunderwrite, subscribe for,  purchase or 'acquire and hold either  absolutely as owner or by way of  collateral - security or otherwise, and  to sell, guarantee the sale of, and to  assign, transfer-qr, otherwise dispose  of or deal -inx bonds, debentures,  stocks, shares and other securities of  any government or municipal or school  corporation, or of any chartered  bank or of any other duly incorporated company; to offer for, public  subscription any shares, " stocks,  bonds, debentures or other securities  of any corporation or company and  to transact and carry on a general  ageney and brokerage business and  to act as agents and brokers for the  investment, loan, pyment, trnsmis-  sion and collection of money and for  the purchase, sale and improvement,  development and management of any  property, business or undertaking,  and the management, > control or direction of syndicates, partnerships, associations, companies or   corporations;  (b) To promote, organize,' manage  or develop any, corporation, or company having objects similar to those  of this company or created for tlie  purpose of acquiring any part of the  assets of this company;  (c) To purchase for investment or  re-sale or otherwise acquire1 and hold  or sell or 'otherwise dispose of and  traffic in real and personal property  of all kinds and any interest therein  including but without restricting the  generality of the above, land, house  property, real estate, mines, mining  rights and metalliferous land, petroleum and oil lands and rights, water  powers, rights, and privileges, machinery and implements, shares, stock,  debentures and debenture stoek and  other security in or of any company;  (d) To manage, develop ana improve any of the properties of the  company or any properties in which  the1 company is interested and to  turn the same to account as may  seem  expedient;  . (e) .To carry on or become' interested in any. business which .may be  conveniently carried on either4" by  the- company or any other person'' or  corporation in respect of .any of'the ,,  properties of .tbe company  and   any I  (j) To   draw,' make,   accent. - en������  dorse,    execute- and   issue   bills   of;  exchange,   promissory  notes, .eoppoas  and other negotiable instruments aad  securities; X - ��������� "  (k). To make, enter into, deliver,  aeeept and receive all deeds, conveyances, assurances, transfers, assign-'  ments, 'grants and 'contracts neees:  sary in connection with any of the  objects of the company;  (1) To issue paid-up shares, bond*  or debentures for the-payment either,  in whole or -part of any 'other property, real ,or personal, rights/ -claims,  privileges," good-will, concessions or  other -advantages which the company  may lawfully acquire, and to issns  such" fully paid shares, bonds " or  othor securities in-payment, part payment or exchange for shares,, bonds,  debentures or .other securities, of any  other' company;- (, '���������  (m) To  invest  the ' moneys of tho,  company' not immediately required in  sueh manner as may from time to time-  be determined; '  (n) To distribute among the shareholders of the company In kind any r  property   or   assets   of   the company'  and in particular any shares, debentures or securities of any other eom-,  pany or companies whieh  may,bave  purchased   or   taken   over   either in  whole or part the property, assets- or:  liabilities of this company,  (o) To sell, lease, exchange or  otherwise dispose of in whole j>v - in  part the property, -rights or undertakings of the company fbr such consideration as may be agreed upon  and in" particular for shares, debentures or Securities1 of any other company; s -    v,.  (p) To make donations and subscriptions to any object likely to promote  the interest of the eompany and to  subscribe or guarantee money for any  charitable   objeet   or objects;  (q) To pay out of the funds of the  company all expenses of or incidental  to the formation; registration and advertising of the   company;  (r) To procure the eompany to be  registered or recognised in any country or place; j  (s) To do *%11 such other sets ot  things as ara incidental or conducive  to the above objects or any of them.  The operations of the eompany to  be carried on throughout the Domin.  ion of Canada and elsewhere, by Ute  name of "United Columbia Investment Company, Limited,'* with a capital stock of Three hundred thousand  dollars, divided' into 30,000 shares of  ten dollars eaeh, and the chief place  of business of the said' eompany to  be at the City of, 'Vancouver, in tko  Province of British   Columbia.  -  pated at the office of tho Secretary of State of Canada, this lfffh  day of November, IMS.    , ^        /,���������_.,  THOMAS MVLYKY. '  ~   Under Secretary  4.1,  -4 *.-  r.*   -4C  X  .'  <..  iX-  '  I?       *'X 1  . '     '.  ^ 'r    *  Hon' T. Chase Casgrain, Postmaster-General of Canada, who  volunteered his services to the  Minister of Militia recently in any  active service capacity, has been  appointed an honorary, colonel  and honorary director of Army  Postal Service. This means that  he will take a- little more direct  personal charge of the postal service branch of the Militia Department, which is, of course, being worked in co-operation with  the post office department.  LAND ACT  Vancouver Land District, District of  .Coast, Range I.  MOUNTED INFANTRY OF THIRD CONTINGENT  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to .'apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains Treat, thenee  soAth about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Reserve, thence north 80 chaina  to point of commencement.  Dated July  24th, 1915.  .'���������-...   AGNES   L.   CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  business of , any nature \ which'" mat I  seem to the company capsbje"of be-l  ing canned'on in connection-with any!  of the" objcfcts of tho company? -. ���������  - (f) To acquire,, or undertake the  whole' ,������r any part' '.ofv the business,  property , and liabilities of any person or company carrying on any business wbicb'the company is authorized  to carry, on, or possessed of property suitable fo? the  purposes  of .the  ZLU' x/< m&mmk  company;  (g) To apply for, purchase or otherwise acquire,   any   patents,   licenses,  concessions and   the   like,   conferring  any   exclusive   or   non-exclusive,     or  limited right to use, or any secret or  other information as to any invention  which   may   seem capable   of   being  used for any of the purposes of the  company,  or tbe acquisition  of which  may seem   calculated   directly or< indirectly to benefit  the company, and  to use, exercise, develop or grant  licenses in respect of, or otherwise turn  to account the property, rights or information  so  acquired;'  -(h) To enter into partnership or  into any .arrangement for -��������� sharing of  profits, union of interests, co-operation, joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any person  or eompany carrying on, or engaged  in or about _to_carry on or engage, in  any business or transaction which the  company is authorized to carry on or  engage in, or any business or transaction capable of being conducted  so as directly or indirectly to benefit  the company; and to lend money to,  guarantee the contracts of, or otherwise assist any such person or company, and to take or otherwise acquire shares and securities of. any  such company, and to sell, hold, reissue, with or without guarantee, or  otherwise deal   with the same;  (i) To enter into any arrangements with any governments or authorities, supreme, municipal, local or  otherwise, .that may seem conducive  to the company's objects, or any of  them, and to obtain, from any such  government or authority any rights^  privileges and concessions which the  eompany may think it desirable to  obtain, and to carry out, exercise and  comply with any such arrangements,  rights, privileges and  concessions;  ������X           r^ -     Vri,-M^t^;.5iv^-E'^'rjqy {J  fTwo?w������ or ooa* ik%mm^m$$i  ,- wmifeATia*w -; -^'^imm^^  /Cos* mining rights of the ^t^tv^MMS^k/1  an,.in ^foba" assist***** 1^#isM^I  Alberts,, tbe   Yukon   Territory,  WBjSimy S  North-west Territorial and Ota- a- P^XXXVf  tion of tbe province of British OWXXXX-V >  wnbisi may be Jested tot a -term ffX'XvXs -  twenty-one years at sn annual r^mmAJ"Arh:J:A ?���������  of $1 an acre.   Not wore than .VHfr%XXXv  acres will bo leased to one ������|^He^xx*xv;' "  Application  for  ��������� lease  must  b%XXvX  made by' W������e anpliesit In person twX'XXXr  tbe Agent or Sub-Agent of tho' district in1 which tbe rights applied for  are situated.  Jn surveyed territory tbe land murt  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the traet applied  for shall be strted ont by tko applicant himself.  Bach application must bo necomp*u*~  ed by a fee of |6 which will bo roV  funded if the rights applied for arc  not available, but not  otherwise.  A  royalty  shall  be paid  on  the  merchantable output of tho .mine at the  rate of^ five cents per. toiK       _    _ '>X  The person opeHting^the mine cballX~V  furniBb tbe Agent with sworn returns  accounting  for  tbe full   quantity  of X  merchantable eoal mined and pay the X  royalty thereon.   If the coal  mining  rights are not being operated, such returns   should   be   furnished   at   least,    :  once a year.  Tho lease will include th* eeal minv '  ing rights only, but the lessee may be'  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an aere. ,-  For full information application  should be made to the, Secretary, Ot-  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorised   publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  LEGAL  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL 8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, November-36, 1915-v  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  QUEEN   ESTHER CANTATA  ' A detachment of the Irish Fu-  siiers, accompanied by the regimental band will parade to St.  Michael's Anglican church, cor.  Broadway east and Prince Edward street, on Sunday morning  at 11 o'clock. The sermon will  be preached by the chaplain of  the regiment, Bev. Principal  Vance, M.  A.  TO ERECT inBW MILL  Mr. Mynohan, of Pittsburg,  general manager of the Port  Moody Steelworks Company, has  arrived in the city and will su  perintend the erection of the  mill.- A Vancouver architect is  now preparing plans and spec!  fications for the buildings, and  tenders will be called for at an  early date. Seven carloads of machinery are ready in Cobourg,  V Ontario to leave for the site of  the   proposed work.  NEW STOCK COMPANY  stilish,  ipXX-: -  ���������AXr vX"*"' '-.'-.--V'���������������������������-''  l\;-^XX^'X,XX ,,  Announcement has been made  .that Vancouver will have & permanent stock company this winter playing at the .Imperial  It is the intention of the management io present comedies and  dramas of a high class variety,  some of which, notably ' "Tbe  Blue Mouse," have been witnessed  by theatregoers' at $2 prices. The  prices' for admission -will be -very  low and the company is assured of a good season.  ~ Miss VSine. Calvert is booked  for the fsrt of leading lady, Mr.  Richard Frazes, Mr. Hugh 0'  Connell and Mr/ W. W. Craig,  all axe splendid artists.   ,  ' 4 "       ( >'    I     ������������������ -      X    *'    '   4  Mr. J. W. Pilling, manager  of the Orpheum theatre, has announced his retirement of that  position to accept a like position  at the head of one of the Calgary theatres.  A numerously attended meeting of the business men jof the  city who are ratepayers of So.  Vancouver, was held this week  in the offices of the Yorkshire  Guarantee Company on Seymour  street. The candidature of Mr.  P. J. Gillespie for the reeveship  of South Vancouver was unanimously endorsed and a strong  committee appointed to further  his candidature.  SO. VANCOUVER REEVESHIP  Several names ��������� are being men  cioned for the reeveship of South  Vancouver, the latest being that  of Mr. Bruce, who has for the  last year held the presidency of.  the Board of* Trade, and has  taken a. prominent part in lo  cal matters. .It is expected that  Mr. Bruce will be actively campaigning before long.  ' Mr. F. J. Gillespie announced  his candidacy last1 week. He  also is a prominent man, having held the position of chairman of the Liberal Association  for some time. He is also a prominent member of the Knights of  Columbus and the Holy ��������� Rosary  church, and is very favorably  known in these circles:  ^Other  candidates  have     also  been, announced and a lively cam-  jpaign is expected.  The second of the series of  Intellectual Evenings being giv7  en by the Mount Pleasant Methodist church will take place-on  Tuesday evening next. The cantata, "Queen Esther," written  by Bradbury, will be rendered by  a chorus of about a hundred, accompanied by an excellent orchestra. The cantata is a description of the deliverance of the  Jews in the period of Persian  rule, 500 years before Christ, by  the hand' of Esther, the Queen  of the Persian King Ashasuerus.  The distinctive parts are taken  by the King and Queen, Haman,  the King's chief courtier, and Mor-  decai the Jew. The solos, choruses and orchestral work are  particularly fine and promises a  delight to all lovers of music  who are privileged to attend. Dr.  Sipprell will tell the story of the  Book of Esther on Sunday  evening.  VIENNA  TAILORS  HIT  ARE YOU MOVING INTO A FLAT  A  SOLDIER'S  CLUB  I- *���������*���������������������������" isAiJh ____   m  (Vrjfy, Kowwefell & Ce, Lfwii  lWt$mm& ������n4 INSUIUNCf  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bond" (Canadian),  yielding from ��������������� per cent, to 7 ptx cent.K'  Rents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made ,on ?Uwt Mortgage and Estates mtnag-.  ed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, I4fe, Accident,' Marine, Automobile, Employers'  Wability.  ^Pt^^W^t  W   ^'���������^P   *9Wi9'f'y99mf990jS  1   "W   WMffPV   WF     99^8/9  *  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  TtTMTTRT)  Public World Contractort ;  Beat} OWce, 810 4& Bower building  Seymour 1836  vANoomnsa oanapa  f  Pominion Coal Co-  TOUTS WELUNGTON COAL  DOMINION W<  All Kinds of Wood  ��������� ��������� ���������  YARD  Phone: Fair. 1564  ffl^Mmmifflm  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop..  The ~ executive committee of  the Central City Mission have  given out the following suggestions which they propose carrying out so as to prepare the  -present building for a Soldier's  Club, for the overseas contingents: '  Remove electric sign, Central  City Mission and erect a strong  bright light and the sign Soldiers' Club.  ( Auditorium to be kalsomined  and all mottoes removed. Put up  flags and bunting, photos of*  King and Queen and other, military photos, etc. Remove all stationary opera chairs so that  better use can be made of the  floor space, both during the day  and evening, games, drills, ban  quetsr conversational groups, ete\  Auditorium- can be seated with  our folding chairs for concerts;  lectures, etc; - -   >���������  Our reading room to be sup  plied with- reading tables'and ad  up-to-date supply of papers, ihag  azines and books, in addition to  our present library.  ��������� Our restaurant will recom-.  m������nt itself, the room being45 ft.  by 65 feet, bright and well fur?  nished. We suggest a counter in*  stead of. tables as at present, or  it might be wise to have both. We  also recommend making an entrance from the main room.  THE GERMAN IN W5WHTO  The German authorities are endeavoring topersuadetbemselves  and the world that they have  eradicated discontent with their  rule in Belgium, and are now  engaged in a work of reconstruction. Evidence of such Prussian  philanthropy is naturally hard  to collect, so it has to be manufactured. Recently, for instance,'  German newspapers a published  what purported to bd a conver-1  sation between the Belgian author Maeterlinck and a Dutch  artist. In this, Maeterlinck is  made to declare that the Germans never pillaged Belgium, and  that they are now watching over  her interests as if she were a sacred trust confided .o them. The  fictitious Maeterlinck goes on to  say that Germany is healing the  wounds which war has inflicted  on the country, giving Work to  those who are destitute and trv-  ,   ���������-.������������������ ���������     ���������'���������'      '   fir . ������������������' X  mg hy every means to establish  prosperity, and that so successful  are their efforts that there are  few Belgians who do not feel  that the worst that could happen to Belgium would be the  expulsion of the Germans. This  in the face of the fiery expressions of. abhorrmce in: Maeterlinck's published utterances. The  real Maeterlinck has characterized this clumsy forgery as a  tissue of lies from beginning to  end,and adds that if he should  live for a thousand years -he  could neither'forgive--nor forot  what Germany has made'his  country suffer.  Such is the distress prevailing  among the Viennese tailors and  dressmakers that the employers  have presented a memorial to  the government to make it less  difficult for them to obtain material used in their trade.  At present only military cloth  may be manufactured, except  with a special permit, which is  difficult to procure, while the  cost of material, especially ladies' cloth, is so great that it is  impossible for dressmakers to  supply costumes at prices which  the customers can afford. Apart  from the (ten thousand employers in the tailoring trade, all  their dependents and assistants  must be considered.  Despite government assurances that the Austrian harvest  has been excellent and despite  the promise that prices will be  reduced, regulations have just  been issued that the use of bread  cards will be much more strictly  enforced than ever. Formerly  only sellers were punished for  selling an undue quantity of flour  or bread, but now purchasers  are also punished for buying too  much, and even a person eating  a roll in a coffee house without  having a piece detached from  his or her bread card is now liable to punishment. The prices  in Viennese coffee houses and  restaurants again have been raised, and it is now admitted that  the Austro-Hungarian potato  crop is insufficient for the country's needs, and that potatoes  must be imported from . Germany.  An appeal signed by the Burgomaster and Chief of Police of  Munish jointly with the medical  profession urges Bavarians, especially , the upper classes, to  limit their consumption of meat-  because lately tlie numbers ��������� of  gigs and cattle [ ^ave largely  diminished, and aisp o^ving \ty>  ���������tyie necessity, of. supplying1 %  army witli mea^. Tne signatories  say; they have pledged themr  pelves to( the utmost economy in  the use of all foodstuffs,. tp eat  only just what is necessary and  only" four meat meals weekly.  They ask all the well to do classes in Bavaria to- act likewise  7 * J i ' N   "  If so, numerous household articles, will-not-be required. Don't store theai  valuable articles_ariy old place, but, obtain storage in our new "Security Krel  proof Warehouse," absolutely the finest in Canada. Bates no higher than yo\]  would pay elsewhere without the stfihe high-grade service and protection. W������!  also do expert packing, shipping at cut freight rates, and removals in model  "Car Vans."   See  TJs.     '  'WE KNOW HOW  (JWPBELL$TORACE Q>MPANY  Oldest and largest in WESTERrreANADA  Oldest and larg  ThWE Seymour 7300  WESTEffhTtANADA  Orncc 657 Beatty .Street  '>>> '.  ' J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  6. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Jlanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunamulr St.  Vanoouvar. B.C.  VERNON FEED CO.  255  BEOADWAY EAST  Best  Store for POULTRY Supplies  Hay, Grain,1 Flour and Feed  ���������_  ��������� Branches at 49th-and Fraser; 270 Joyce, Ed., Collingwood  Rhone*:   Fair. .186-878  aad   Fraser    175  We*carry everything you need for successful Poultry Raising.  Our Standard U "Quality, Service and Low Prices."  PHONES: Fair. 186-878 & Fraser 175  Bolt for  &Coio(brt  Brm*b Colombia.  The rec������nt special dividend of  $100,000 declared hy the Standard Silver-Lead Mining Company, of Nelson, brings the disbursements of this concern in  dividends up to $1,800,000, which  represents approximately 90 per  cent, of the capital investments  The dividend of five cents per  share to stockholders recorded  on Nov. 20 will be made in two  payments of 2 1-2 cents per  share each. The first payment  will be made on December 10,  and the second on December 18.  auNPowouB p:wwTs  Workers in gunpowder plants  whenever a storm comes up adjourn to the watch houses surrounding the plant proper and  enjoy themselves till the storm  is*'over.  Lightning is not the.only danger dreaded in gunpowder  plants, however. Metal is dreaded���������its hard surface may cause  iiockte 8km Jey Winter  awl W&~Me*tiievv -; /:  Boots and Shoes that keep your  fcset warm, <awt'\'&ryy chase colds  and rheumatism���������<Bootts that&A&E  yot������ friendly with theni, such honest, , comfortable service do they  give. Pipest' 'Idather-rfikilled workmanship make them BOOTS and  SHOES profitable for you to buy  an4, wear. MKJWST that your  dealer show yo* VLECKIE'S.  l"-4  -J  QUBN mm CANTATA  ' - ���������  This beautiful Musical Entertainment will be rendered by  nearly one hundred" voices, assisted by'an Orchestra of Fifteen  Pieces, in Mount-Pleasant Methodist Church, Tuesday, Novero-  br 30th, at 8 p.m. *     .  Come and Enjoy the Evening with Us. Admission, 25o.  *4-S  explosions���������and hence on * the  workmen's clothes the. buttons  must all be of bone.,  *   i tX  The workmen's clothes "must  be pocketless so that' they" may  not carry matches or kmvesV  and a workman, no matter how  dandified his tastes, must not  wear turned up trousers "since ih  turnups grit is harbored, and  grit in a gunpowder mill is as  dangerous almost as fire.  In all the buildings of. these  plants not a nail head or any  sort ..of iron material is exposed.* The roofs, too, are made  very slight, so jthat in the event  of an explosion they Will blow  off easily. The doors all open  ���������'o&twardtp make escape easy, and  toie plant is usually surrounded  with a stream of water, into  which the hands are trained to  dive at the first sign of danger.  TYPE OF MOTOB CAB USED AT THE FBONT  f-j      r~$r        X*      ?>  |k - '*- llj"* ?.    V       'Ji".

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