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The Western Call 1915-12-17

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 / -x  552  653  Oq*V  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western Peoples:  T. J.    Kearney  -J M. Melntyre ' -      -  Funeral Director  T. J. Kearney I Co.  FwMfDl   Dlcaetoa  At your service day and  night.  Moderate charges-  802 Broadway West  Phone: Fate. 100$  rOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,. FRIDAY, DECEMBER .17, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 32.  TRUST KITCHENER  UNDER THE ABOVE CAPTION .some  [weeks ago we advised our readers to pay no  [attention to the captious criticism of the "knock-  lers." ' We held then, as we do now, that Kit-  I chener knew his business and that he was working to a definite plan.  It should be remembered that when war broke  out Kitchener paid it would last at least three  years. Few then believed him, but subsequent  events have proved him right in his estimate;.  Kitchener then said he purposed having the  strongest and most efficient army in Europe before the war was ended���������the critics smiled indulgently, and with an air of wisdom, and" now  these self same critics, and the public generally,  are clamoring for men, med. and more men.  Kitchener has been pursuing his own way, attending to his business, and .paying no attention  to his critics, and the storm is passing with  Kitchener still at the helm.  , * Some seemed to expect that this war was to  have been a,"djess parade to Berlin"; while, as  a matter of fact, only the indomitable pluck of  Tommy Atkins on the retreat from Mons prevented it from becoming a "dress parade" to  Paris and London.  Let us, therefore, trust Kitchener still, and  all our great leaders.  .-_������  A LIBERAL CABINET SLATE  THE SUN COMPLAINS about the new cabinet and says it includes men who have had no  administrative experience. Will the Sun say  that if the Liberals were forming a government  only men of cabinet experience would be chosen?  Suppose the/ Liberals. could, elect j all the candi-:  dates they wantvto,^hqw<ratd' bVin "their gov-  eminent? . A glance at 'their cabinet possibilities might be interesting-.and instructive.4 And  at this,stage of the Liberal party's prospects our  |v guess at.a liberal, eabiket'isjul good as rany  ���������other. ',''       X,    ,-  Notwithstanding the opposition to Mr. Brewster, he would,, no doubt, be* premier if F. C.  Wade and his friends could not elbow him out  of it ,     '  For Attorney-General we have the redoubt-  . able G. C. McGeer. - Some might be in favor of  M. A. Macdonald, but it is understood that the  aggressive "Gerry" has set that position on a  shelf for himself.  For -the* lands department who better than  Mr. Wade himself? Of course, to bring him into  the cabinet Mr. Brewster would have to "go  outside of-nhe legislature," but Mr. Wade's  able services and valuable experiei$ee_ as Dominion Land Commissioner in the Yukon would  -give-him a claim which could not be overlooked. When it came to handling pleases for waterfront and such like, Mr. Wade could act both  for the government and the leasees. After less  , than two years' public service in the Yukon he  cpme out wealthy, and as he himself advocates  wealthy and leisured men for public office, he  -would make an ideal land commissioner.  Then for agriculture how would "Honest"  John Oliver do? Of course, Mawell Smith has  a mortgage on both the portfolio and the Dewd  ney seat, where John is running, but Maxwell  having already been "shuffled out, "to use a Sun  expression, of the Dewdney nomination, his  claims to the agricultural portfolio could probably be disposed of in the same way.  For Minister of Finance J..S. Cowper would  have the first claim, because was it not on a.  financial issue he got his nomination. What  better qualified man could be had than one  whose erudite eloquence moves his audience to  tears, when he discusses the Dominion Trust  failure ? Patrick Donnely would not have a look  in for the finance portfolio when Mr. Cowper  gets up to talk about his claims.  And everyone knows with what confidence  V and satisfaction the miners of Nanaimo would  hail Ralph Smith as minister of mines. The Nanaimo miners just worship Ralph, and they would  welcome him to that department like ' a long  lost comrade, which, as a matter of fact, he is.  He has been lost'a long long time to the miners  of Nanaimo.     \  .The portfolio of provincial secretary will-  probably be kept open until the gallant liberal  government can pass a suffrage law giving the  franchise to the ladies. If they are consistent,  and no doubt they would be, they will keep at  least; one cabinet position for the ladies. , ��������� .  This forecast, like a lawyer's bill, is made  E. 0. E:  Columbia's New Cabinet Leader  i     ^  won. wli.*if'W*veM������'C^  fc.������w  TOT BOWSES QA81WW >  PREMIER BOtVS^R has greatly strengthened bis cabinet at points where improvement was  most needed. The selection of Mr. A. C. Flura-  merfelt is a happy one. Mr. Flummerfelt has  for years made a keen and incisive study of the  economics of British Columbia, and he has displayed a grasp *of affairs and capacity for administration that peculiarly fit him for the position of minister of finance. To the department  of agriculture also he will bring a wide practical  knowledge of conditions, and a sympathetic  energy in solving the problems confronting the  government in the development of its agricul-,  tural policy. The policy of land loans, which  the government will doubtless put into effect in  the- near future, requires ���������just such������a-head V-to  guide and hand to administer as Mr. Flummerfelt will bring to it. It is well for this reason  that the two departments should remain under  one head for the present at least, and in our  opinion, Premier Bowser has made a happy  combination of the offices and the man.  Mr. Tisdall's elevation to the department of  works will assure to the most exacting critic the  economical administration of. that important  spending department. Mr. Tisdall has made, a  success of his own business, just as Mr. Flummerfelt has, and he is a foe to waste or extravagance. We may be sure that in the administration of his department, the efficiency of the dollar will be kept up to 100 cents and that energy,  economy and efficiency will be the rule.  In Mr. Lome Campbell the government will  have a capable minister of mines. Mr. Campbell  is just the sort of man required in that department. A man of large affairs himself he enjoys the confidence of eastern capitalists to a  large degree. At this time when mining in  British Columbia is beginning to "attract outside  capital, and when it is so highly desirable that it  should be induced to come in and develop our  mining industry, ho better man could be put at  the head of the department.  Mr. Campbell is a practical mining man who  has done much to develop the Rosslaud camp,  and will, bring a valuable experience and ability to the Bowser cabinet.  Mr. William Manson, the new president of  the council, is no novice in government administration. He has filled the office of provincial  secretary and will make a capable cabinet representative for the north.  Another feature of the new cabinet is its  thorough representativeness. The new cabinet  has drawn its members from Vancouver, Prince  Rupert, Rossland, Fernie, Revelstoke and Victoria.  TOT SUF$ IKAOT'S W&ST  OF COURSE the Liberal organ in this city  would have it appear that Sir Richard has heen  forced out of office by his friend and rival Premier Borden. This theory on the Sun's own  statement is absurd. ^ The government was of  Sir Richard's own choosing, and he could make  or unmake any man guilty of a treacherous in-  1 trigue against him, even to the Attorney-General.  With Sir Richard's personal following, both in  the legislature, and in the province, he could easily have made short work of any traitor in his  camp. However, there were no traitors, and  outside of one disagreement on a matter of  policy, which long ago ceased to * be an issue,  -there-were ^no-dissensions^between ,Sir_Richards  and any of his colleagues.  When Hon; Robert Rogers was out here the  Sun solemnly told its readers that he came here  to patch up differences between Sir Richard  and Mr. Bowser. Yet, it boastfully declares  that it knew all along that Sir Richard was going to retire and go to London. If it knew that  then it must have known there could be no differences to patch up.  The Sun has a good deal of familiarity with  party jars in its own camp. We would suggest  that it bring Sir Wilfrid or some other diplomatic member of its party out here to patch up the  differences between Mr. Brewster and some of  the leading Liberals of. Vancouver also to make a  truce of the feud between the Sun itself and that  stalwart dissenter of the party, Joe Martin. And  why not at the same time arange a reconcilation  between the Sun's editor and most of the rank  and file of the*. Liberals who dislike him even  more than the Sun would have it ap  pear that Mr. Bowser is disliked: \ No Liberal  will deny that Mr. Wade is thoroughly detested  by.a great number of Liberals, who knoAV that  his Yukon record is an ever recurring weakness  to their party. *  \ To follow up the dissension idea the Sun  might ascertain and publish interviews giving  the divergent opinions of prominent Liberals on  the question of prohibition. If it.did this its  own course of blowing hot and cold on the question might then be explained.  NO YELLOW POSTERS IN MOUNT PLEASANT. WHY? BECAUSE THE MERCHANTS  ARE KEEPING ON TOP. HOW DO THEY  DO IT? BY TREATING THEIR CUSTOMERS  RIGHT AND BY GIVING THEM WHAT  THEY WANT AT THE RIGHT PRICE. TRY  THEM AND BE CONVmCED.  SIR RICHARD'S RESIGNATION  WHAT NEXT?  THE WORLD NATIONS are becoming quite  familiar with the "mailed fist" of Uncle Sam,  and now realize that his armour is made of tin, -,  and so fashioned aa to make the maximum of <  noise with a, minimum of risk.    .   ' X  President Wilson demanded disavowal from  Germany of the Lusitania tragedy, and said tbat,  anything else would, be '.'considered as a'distinctly unfriendly (aet."ThiB was terrible. Ger-,  many evaded,' then bluffed, then DUwtere_Mexil  Wilson. He then stormed at Great Britain and  sent a note he would not have dared to send to  any other power, knowing perfectly well that  he was safe under the long-suffering patience of  John Bull, who understands Sam's bluffs so well.  Then Wilson got awfully angry with Austria,  and with reason, but there is little doubt of the  outcome���������nothing. The last "clanking of the  sword" is against France for arresting some Germans on an American vessel by a French cruiser.  President Wilson and his "notes", are about  as potential as Henry Ford and his Peave Dove  made of wool.  President Wilson and all" America, should  bear in mind that up to the present moment  they have not raised a finger or made a protest  against the flagrant and brutal violation of the  terms of the Hague Conference, to which Uncle  Sam was a rather noisy contributor. We ask  them when may we expect a "note" on the subject "Belgium's Integrity?"  NOTICE  For the benefit of our advertisers, who may  wish to feature Christmas Eve specials, this paper  will be published on Thursday of next week,  and will be on the streets of Mount Pleasant  Thursday evening. All changes of ads. must  necessarily reach this office not later than Wednesday noon in order to insure publication in the  Christmas issue.  PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS  We haye pleasure this week in introducing  to readers of the Western Call a number of old  and some new advertisers. We welcome their  name -to the advertising columns of this paper,  and strongly urge upon Our readers in general  to give them their support at this Christmas  season! It is common knowledge that a great  deal of the business from this community goes  to the downtown stores. We have nothing to  say as to where our readers spend their inoney,  but strongly recommend our own community  business men. We can personally testify to the  up to date business methods adopted in the stores  of Mount Pleasant, and can, without fear of contradiction, recommend their wares, both as to  price and quality, to be the best on the market.  The Western Call is endeavoring to bring the  buiness men and the residents of this community  into a business acquaintance, and with this er.d  in view will give Mount Pleasant business men  precedence over others in this paper.  \>  FOR THE PAST YEAR or so it has been an   ,  open secret that Sir Richadr McBride was an- _   ������  xious to retire to London and take over the  office of the Agent-General, Hon. J. H. Turner,  whose increasing years and infirmities have made  his duties more and more onorous. _  Sir Richard has made many distinguished  friends in England, where his personal qualities  are appreciated in the highest circles just as  they are in British Columbia among all classes. ,  He has found the atmosphere of London most'  congenial and to. his intimate friends he has  repeatedly expressed a desire to retire to London  permanently. He chose the anniversary of his  forty-fifth birthday as the occasion for making  his formal announcement.  As Agent-Genearl Sir Richard's experience  and personal qualities will be of great value  to the province. What the late Lord Strathcona  did for the high commissioner's office Sir Richard can and doubtless will, do for British Col-'  j   ���������-  umbia's Agent-General's office. He will make it  a centre of great influence and benefit for the  province. While his severance from leadeship  of the government here will be regretted by the  public'- generally, it will be recognized that in  removing to London, he is only entering upon a  greater sphere of usefulness to his native province/ So we say to Sir Richard "Good-bye  and good luck and let us hear from you often."    - ������  ->'���������  ���������   "        '/       ������     . Friday, December 17, 1915  Ii  I  An Evening Camp In Belgium  i>  7.30 p.m.���������Three thousand  yards from the trenches���������and,  "All's well"  Night has settled down. The  moon is busy elsewhere, and all  the stars are deeply hidden behind the evening clouds. Darkness reigns.  The transport wagons rattle by  on the paved roads, making a  noise out of all proportion to  their importance. A horse is raising a disturbance in the lines  which is quickly quieted by the  picquet. Tucked away in their  improvised shelters are the men  who are off duty, probably 150  of them. Song and repartee is the  order of the hour, purely spontaneous.  "Rebecca wants you,  Rebecca wants you  To come back to Sunnybrook  Farm."  "Butty" of London is not forgotten.  Out of the darkness comes the  intermittent crack! crack! crack!  of the rifles. Snipers ahd sentries  in the trenches amusing themselves popping at lights and anything they fancy. A motor cyclist is "Hitting Forty" with  some belated message or report.  "You have stolen my heart,  Don't go  way,  So she sang that old sweet  song  On Moonlight Bay."  An orderly from Brigade H. Q.  comes in with an ammunition report. an$, another is made up and  sent,to, Divisional H. Q. The galloper is gone, swallowed up with  the night, but he knows his way  and will be back on the tick. One  doesn't ride the Western Plains  to lose his way in Flanders. Some  one is improving his humble  home and.in true Scotch Wiltshire "style requests his mate tb  , ���������"Give I the 'ammer." Laughter and banter pass to and fro.  "And the toils of the day  Shall be all chased away  . Jn my little Gray Home in the  West".  ,   The song, like the place, is still  popular.  The night is disturbed by a sudden burst of machine gun fire.  Probably a working party, fixing up some damaged wire en-J  tanglements has been too noisy  or indiscreet and we're sending  them a hint to leave it until  some other evening.  A regiment is marching along  the road, and the fellows' rear  are evidently finding the pace  too'swift. " 'Ave a 'eart in front"  comes up the line and the mouth  organ band slows up. It's always  hard marching in the rear.  Rival choruses are demonstrating on "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine" and "In the Land of  the Midnight Sun," while still  another faction declares that if  "You take the high  road,  And I'll take the low road,  I'll be in Scotland before ye."  Bang! Right in the field! Somebody must have neglected to halt  and the sentry is either bringing  him to his senses or scaring him  out of them, one of the two. It  doesn't pay to fool with the  sentry.s  The night air is rent and torn  by 4.7's dropping a salvo over  on a corner that the Huns have  to use. Just a pot-shot.  The cyclist returns "Hitting-  Twenty"���������If he got back, too  soon, he might have to go out  again. He's an amateur strategist.  "An' with baby o-on ma knee,  Ah have to sing a rag-time  melddee."  Pleasant memories, soldiers'  songs.  The salvo must have tickled  some Huns the wrong way. He  has just sent over a couple of  5.2's. They burst in a field over  the hedge. "Over the fence is  out." Two less 5.2's and no harm  done.  Over in a- corner by the cook's  fire, the fiddle (violin, with the  emphasis on the vi when in Berlin) and the guitar are doing  wonders with the dance time, and  several couples are hob-nailing it  out to their own satisfactibn,  while their audience pay their  devotion to My Lady Nicotine,  mingling their incense with the  smoke froim tbe cook's fires.  "I want to be  I  want   to  be,  I want  to  be   'way  down, in  Dixie."  The  Dixies ��������� they  are  most, fa-  Electrical Glfta WW Give greater Satisfaction  DO   YOUR   SHOPPING EARLY  Ught the Way  To Better Business  Utilize the brilliant white radiance of the Tungsten  Lamp in your show windows and throughout your store*  for the holidays.  Take advantage   of our  special   price offers:  Size Price  25 Watt   ;.'...���������   25 Cents  40 Watt   .25 Cents  60 Watt  )  .25 Cents  A whole case (100 lamps) or a half case (50 lamps) will  be sold at OOl/  per  lamp    ������nm '2 C  See  display  of these  lamps at  our  salesrooms.  /  CARRALL AND HA8TINOS STS.  Phone Sey. 5000 1138 Granville St., near-Davie  miliar with are the pots the soup  and tea are made in,.. and called  by that name. Tea in*tbe morning,  soup at noon, tea at night. The  pot is none the worse for this variety of occupation, and the men  seem to thrive on it.  A Scotsman (from Calgary)  with the loveliest accent is arguing as to whether or not he is  an Englishman, seeing that he  was born in England. That immortal conundrum again: "If a  cat had kittens in an oven, would  you call them biscuits?"  "Oh! Caroline, for you I pine"  JE very one    has    a    "Caroline."  Judging from1 the  letters, -some  have several. X  Just to the south of us a cannonade has sprung into being.  One long reverberating roll that  increases and increases but does  not stop. , It's their show, we  should  worry. '.. .  "Just a wee dock an' doris.  Just a wee drap, that's all."  One suspects the wish is father  to the thought. Harry Lauder's  memory may be green, but the  army is pretty dry.  A shrill whistle pierces the air.  The music stops. The parties  break up to assemble in larger  and fewer groups.  ''Column! ' Shun! Call your  rolls!"  That despot, the Sergeant-Ma-  jor hasn 't. any sentiment. If  Caruso and Melba should be in  the midst of some heaven-born  masterpiece and ,it happened to  some eight o'clock, the S. M.  would break everybody off for  roll call.  Tom and Jerry and Jack and  Bill each attest their presence by  openly declaring, they are  "Here," and the S. M. is satisfied. t  Like "putting .the cat out"  and "winding the clock," calling  the roll is a gentle hint to go to  bed, so following a long precedent', war is left to the guards and  picquets, and the rest turn in.  One might describe this brief  action by lines, from "The Burial  of Sir John Moore":  "Few and short were the pray  era we said, ���������'-  And we spake not a word of sorrow,"   ; I  but the context must be forgotten  and a new  meaning  given  them.  John wants to know "What the  ���������-" and Jack "How the "  LUSITANIA*MURDERER  IS INSANE  but eventually they find out and  just in time, for "Lights Out!" is  called.  Some belated individual disentangling his jaw from his blankets, dallies a moment beyond  the .limit andJs/ordered forthwith  to '' Douse that glim,'' and whatever operations were in progress  are concluded through the sense  of touch, to the accompaniment  of a semi-audible incantation.  The sentries and snipers still  exercise their privileges; an occasional motor lorrie hurries to  complete the day's work; the  guns to the south haye not tired ;���������  the night is/disturbed by an army-  sleeping with one eye open, feeling secure in its strength and  ready in a flash to spring into  active being.  "Pride of the  **  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOT.HING  XMANUPACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  A country that can produce  $110,000,000 for its government  on a sight draft is not hard up.  It is reported that General Prosperity has invaded Western Canada. Come right along, old boy,  the best in.the house for you.  Toronto has a woman's home  guard whose brief history does  not encourage a peace-loving man  to marry.  Three Rivers, Quebec, has voted for prohibition by 1,566 to  1,105.  A Splendid Assortment of  Christmas Cards  at The WESTERN CALL  OFFICE at prices within  your reach. _203 Kingsway  That the commander of the German submarine which sank the  Lusitania is at present a physical  wreck under treatment in a sanitarium at Kiel and the object of  the opprobium of the entire German navy is the statement made  by Mr. A. de Smit, a Dutch journalist who has completed a trip  through Germany and publishes  his findings in the Petit Parisien.  He had occasion to discuss: the  situation with men in different  walks of life, whom he had known  intimately before the war, and  who spoke freely with him, unaware that there was any probability of publicly being given  to their statements, as Mr. de  Smit had been known to them  for many years as a business  man.. ���������*'.*..'.  "Among others whom he saw  and from whom he received confidences was one who, as a newspaper man before the war); had  figured prominently in socialist  circles, and indeed was regarded as a rabid opponent of monar-  chial systems of government. This  man is now the editor of ah English publication printed in Ger-  Vnany and circulated in the United States and- other neutral countries for the purpose of interesting popular sentiment on the side  of Germany, the entire work being carried on at government expense. ,  Mr.* de Smit learned that there  is no harmony of sentiment between army and navy in Ger-  mank regarding the sinking of the  Lusitania and the murder of women and children. The navy condemns the act and the Dutch  journalist quotes the typical sentiment of a naval officer who said  that "the army had the good for:  tune to see the war, to take part  in it, to live in it, to be doing  something; had an interest in  sight; whereas the German navy  ���������the officer shrugged his shoulders with a gesture that revealed a tired and disabused disposition.  As for the sinking of the Lusitania, this officer said the naval  officers disapproved the act, that  '���������'it was a crime, an abominable  crime," for whieh its perpetrators already had been punished by  the Sovereign Being who must  judge all men.  He added that when the Lusitania sank and the submarine  commander saw the men, the women, the little girls and the lit-'  jft_._������fes^^4^^Wgi^-itho.ul.,help.  and witnessed their agony, and  their hands outstretched in vain,  it seemed to him that those hands  crushed him and gradually he became insane; dreadful nightmares  how haunt his sleep and hi3 victims leave him no rest.  On the other hand the .same  writer quotes a German army officer as justifying the sinking of  the Lusitania as part of the policy of the German military authorities to wage war by every  means, material and moral, in order to crush the spirit of the  enemy and force him to seek  peace. With regard to the Lusitania sinking and the murder of  women and children in Belgium,  this officer said: "Man muss diese  ganze Bande ausrotten" ("We  must exterminate the entire  band"). This word "exterminate" seems to have been drilled  into the minds of the military  forces and has been constantly  used; the necessity for an exter  mination of the enemy is considered one of the impelling forces  of the War. It is the typical expression of the citizens who are  adherents of. the von Tirpitz policy.  This same officer deeply regretted that the exterminating capacity of the troops had so greatly  diminished, and that the men in  the ranks were not now what  they were during the drive on  Paris in August and September,  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican l  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We ere the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. V  A Whole Loaf  of Health and  Strength for  YOU.  0C  Full  Pound  Loaf  SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD  combines the food values which iqake strength  and health. Made pure and clean, baked pure  and clean.  BUTTER-NUT   BBISAI)  is the best and least expensive food you can  serve daily on your table. Delivered fresh daily by phoning Fairmont 44, or INSIST on  BUTTER-NUT at your store. Comes in sanitary waxed Wrappers.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the popular 4X Bread.     Fair. 44.  1914, but, he added bitterly, the  troops of von Kluck- and von Bu-  low are no more. The officer, however, would not admit what  other Germans had said, that  there is a feeling of general lassitude and a desire to be done  with the war as quickly as possible, , and that the feeling  is manifested largely in impatience with the inactivity of the  commanders and in demand for  energetic action.  THU GI.O&Y OF TOB RACE  Gadually, out of. the mist,.the  forms of nine of these men-ofrwar  loomed, withr every suggestion  of an awaiting vengeance against  the enemy. The Lion, tlie Tiger,  the (Jueen JUa^y, the Australia,  the New Zealand, and the other  ships completed a unique chain.  What would Nelson have  thought? The Victory cost 100,000  pounds or so, and could move  only when the wind was willing.  England a century ago was little more than a European power,  to-day it is the centre of a vast!  Empire. There, on the one hand,  lay the great men-of-war typify-'  ing the British lion, ready to  spring forth, and there, on the  other, the two ships built and  paid for by the great Dominions  oversea, and manned in lapge  part by officers and men from  those outposts of the Empire.  Children used to be told and may  be told today that if they dug a  hole anywhere in the British Isles  and went on digging and digging  they would eventually come out  somewhere near Australia or  New Zealand. Yet these people  who live in* the far Antipodes underneath our feet, so to speak,  and separated from us by several  thousands of miles of tractless  ocean���������with problems and dangers of their own���������have sent their  ships to share with British ships  the bleak fortunes of the North  Sea in Winter. "When they asked  where their main defence on the  sea is to be seen, the inhabitants  of Australia and New Zealand  must point to the ground and re-  makr "Our ships are underneath  Premier  Pancake  Flour  _ JMt from CHOICEST  of WW Product!.  AGREEAHE to toy  SBNS&.  Tbe 0NJ.Y Pancake  Floor MAPS ia VANCOUVER.  ASK YOUR GROCER  !_-  there somewhere; we have sent  them away." It is a miracle. ���������  Men who could, do such an act  are no ordinary men; they are  statesmen, and statesmen of the  greatest empire the world has  ever seen. These battle-cruisers  paid for with their money and :  manned in part by men of their  blood, are in the North Sea in  obedience to a great principle.  They had the prescience to accept it. The vessels are not there '  to guard the British Isles or shipping in home waters; they are  there���������in the North Sea���������to  guard New Zealand, Australia,  and all the interests of the British people "down under "and  elsewhere. That is maritime strategy in excelsis. Small men with a  restricted .'/-.vision would, have  wanted to keep their- ships at  home. They would have hugged  them on their own coasts. The  great peoples of these great Dominions realize that the seas are all  one and that in concentration of  power lies the talisman of victor. These, people share with us  the pride of descent from the  Golden Age when the British Empire had its birth on the sea.  "The advantages of time ? and  place in all martial actions,"  Drake once declared to Queen  Elizabeth, "is half a victory."  At the right time these ships are  in the right place. >        c  Friday, December 17, 1915  Great Britain's submarine challenge in the Baltic has taken far  [greater dimensions than the pub-  (lic   of   countries   interested are  aware of. The reason is that  [ Germany is concealing the loss of  i all ships whose crews get ashore  'into German  ports Some   crews  have got ashore in Finland, where  the smaller ports, particularly at  Weichselmunde and Sassnitz. The  German port authorities fear submarine raids, with the aim of destroying ships at anchor. Sassnitz has been fortified. The Wie-  chselmunde forts fired in* the  morning dusk at one of their own  submarines, and wounded two  sailors. The Germans profess to  they   have   been interned.   Only have an infallible way of pro  when the crews land in Sweden  or Denmark is the loss at once  known Steamers which come here  from the Sodra Qvarken, between the Aland Islands and the  coast of Uppland, nearly all report haying been stopped or signalled to by submarines. The Swedish steamer Hage reports that  in the Sodra Qvarken and north  in the Gulf of Bothnia it saw six  boats  The crew of this steamer, which  was bound for Hull with timber,  tejl an adventurous story. They  also report that the captain was  detained for an hour inside a  submarine/A small German cruiser, disguised as a merchant ship,  attacked a British submarine  which had raised the British naval flag, and had signalled to the  supposed tramp steamer to heave  to. The submarine fired a torpedo  which missed, whereupon the  German cruiser, firing from small  guns, attempted to ram. Owing to  the heavy seas, the German gunfire missed or failed to do serious  injury, and the submarine, which  had a- narrow escape, got away.  Swedish merchant sailors who  have been in Germany declare  that there is a panicky feeling in  tecting against torpedoes large  merchant vessels, but they admit  that this-makes the vessels go so  slowly, and that there is no  chance of getting out of range of  submarine gunfire.  Stockholm and Copenhagen  newspapers continue to publish  accounts of the British and Russian submarine bases, sometimes  with details which would probably mislead the Germans, as they  are inconsistent and often fantastic. The newspaper story is that  the base is at Bomersuhd, another that it is among the islands  of the Guldkronaford, south of  Abo, in Finland. A seaman from  Abo, who is now in Finland, affirms that British submarines  sank four ore steamers from Lu  lea, none of which have yet appeared in the casualty list, as the  crews were put ashore, in the Al  and Islands.  All observers agree that the  British submarines are boldly and  skilfully handled. Stockholm  newspapers bear testimony also  to the fact that the campaign is  conducted on humane lines. A  sailor of the torpedoed Johannes  Rus, who came in a boat to Oxel-  osund, declares that the steamer  was torpedoed by the E 19, and  that the crew, were extraordinarily polite. The German had a  certificate from a British captain  showing that years back he held-  ed to save some lines on the Mexican coast. Fearing ill-treatment,  he showed this to a petty officer  of the submarine, who clapped  him on the back, gave him a  handful of 'cigars and told him  that "England wants to sink the  ore, not the crews."  Swedish newsapers agree that  the stoppage of the ore traffic  will be a bad blow to Germany.  Lulea, the' chief ore port, will  soon freeze lip, and this year ah  exceptionally large number of  German ships were taking in ore,  the aim being to get a sufficient  supply.before the winter. All German, ships which in future take  the Baltic route north and south,  have, orders to keep within territorial waters. This means difficult  navigation, owing to the indentations and islands all along the  coast of Sweden. Enormous Hummers of mines are now adrift in  the Baltic. Mines have even been  seen far up in the Gulf of Bothnia. For the present steamer tra  flic between Sweden and Finland  has  ceased.   ...  First   Class   Shoe   Repairing.   Orders  Promptly Done.   Open Until 8 p.m.  Phone Fairmont 2008  P. T. PARIS  Men's Bubber Heels, 50c. Special Bub-1  ber Heels for French Lady's Heel, 40c. |  Any  Shoes   Dyed  Black.  2245 Main St. Vancouver, B. CI  CHRIST IN   FLANDERS  GERMAN  SHIPS  IN   U.  S. PORTS  A Rich Flavouring and Pull Bodied Tea, sfcU-  ^fully blended and packed with care in our new  Hygienic Factory.  Retailing at 50* Cents Per Pound.  TbeW.H. Malkin Co. Ltd.  Vancouver, R. C.  TRUST COMPANY CHARGES  .,  *  Charges for Trust Company service are usually tbe same as would  be allowed for similar service by an individual. They are never  more. Trust Company service excels that rendered by individuals,  not in expense, but in effectiveness.  North West Trust Company, Limited  MORGAN, PBESIDENT  B. B.  509  EiCHAEDS  STEEET.  PHONE, SEY.   7467  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  The Westminster Gazette editorially  says:  "The revival by President Wil-  son, in his message of the question of purchasing German merchant ships now in American harbors has received comparatively  little attention in this country,  but there are symptoms in some  quarters of emphatic protest  against any sanction of that pol-  \ _  icy. We are far from' convinced  that this is the right attitude.  This country is suffering bravely  from a shortage in tonnage,  which accounts for the high  freight rates and for the excessive price of. almost every commodity.  "Could German shops be  brought into the freight trade  under the American flag an almost immediate beneficial effort  would be felt in this country.  These vessels could not be used  in carrying cargoes for Germany  for we have established a blockade. They could run to our ports  carrying goods we need very badly, which are lying on quay-sides  because there are not enough  ships  to be  had.  "Any purchase, however,  which this country could sanction or recognize would have to  be a genuine transfer of ownership for all time. We could not  be expected to tolerate the ac  quisition of vessels by German  syndicates in the United States  organized, as in the case of the  Dacia, merely to embroil us in  disputes. Buying would have to  be in the light of day and probably by the United States government itself.  "Even so, there would be the  disadvantage that a large sum  of money would be transferred to  Germany, but so long as that  money was not paid in goods  which Germany requires���������and we  can see to it that no payment  in that forra is possible���������then advantages to our commerce would  heavily outweigh any risk in the  transaction. Nor would the bargain be made less attractive to  us by the fact that at the end of  the war Germany would be without the shipping by which alone  she can hope again to enter the  markets of the world."  The Westminster Gazette concludes by discussing the le gar as  pects of sueh transfers, declaring  the British courts in the past  have decided they are valid in  Avar times. This, however, does  not. hold good of France, which  steadily refused to recognize  changes of ownership under such  conditions.  We had forgotten You, or very]  nearly���������  You did not seem to touch us very |  nearly���������,  Of course   we   thought about |  You -now and then;  Especially in any time of trouble]  We knew that You were good in]  time of trouble���������r  But we are very ordinary men.  And   there   were   always   other  X   things to think of���������  There's lots of things a man has  got to think'.of���������-  His work> his home, his plea  /   sure, and his wife;  And so We only thought of You  on Suridayr���������  Sometimes*'perhaps, not eveu on  a Sunday���������  Because there's always lots to  fill one's life.  And,  all the while,  in street or  lane or; byway���������  In country lane, in city street, or  byrway���������  You walked among us, and we  did hot see.  Your feet were bleeding as You  walked our pavements-r-  How   did  we   miss   Your  Foot  prints on our pavements?���������  Can there be other folk as blind  as we?  A TELEPHONE IS A GIFT   s         ���������-MM*������*MMMMW*-MM^-M^*W.."t".^^i.������^  OF GENUINE USEFULNESS  When you give a Christmas Gift, you  want to give something that will be appreciated.  f  What is better than a telephone?  All the year round it is there to be  used. It is never put on the mantel or on  a shelf' and forgotten. It is as valuable  at the last of the year as when first given.  Every day it saves many steps, many little worries.  Perhaps you have a telephone in your  home? An extension upstairs will save  running down when a call comes in.  Our Sales Department will be glad to  help you.  TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 6070  Now we remember; oyer here in  Flanders ���������  (It isn't strange to think of You  in Flanders)���������  This hideous warfare seems to***  make things clear.  We never   thought   about   You  much in England���������'  But now that, we are far away  from England��������� -   ,  "We have no doubts, we know  that You are here.  You helped us pass the jest along  the trenches���������/  Where, in cold blood, we, waited  in the trenches���������  You. touched its ribaldry and  made it fine.  You stood beside us in our pain  and weakness���������  We're glad to think You understand our weakness���������  Somehow  it seems  to  help us  not to whine.  We think about You kneeling in  the Garden���������  Ah! God! the agony of that dread  Garden���������  We know / You prayed for us  upon the Cross.  If anything could make us glad  to bear it���������  'Twould be the knowledge that  you willed to bear it-  Pain���������death���������the uttermost of  human loss.  Though we forgot You���������You will  ,_^not forget/us���������, _. .,____��������� __ _  We feel so sure that You will notj  forget us���������  Bni  stay  with   us   until this  /.dream is past.  And   so v we   ask   for   courage,  s strength and pardon -���������  Especially,  I think, we ask for  "pardon���������  And that You'll  stand  beside  us to the last.  ���������London Spectator.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, limited  r^-'r -'rr'-  I'-rsi.'iXi  xlii;_  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  u * <  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, R:|Cfi||illii|iil|  J. D. McNeill  MAYORALTY CANDIDATE  ���������    t,  ts your vote  and influence.  ~.  CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS  China denies that she has been  asked to join the Entente powers  Brand Whitlock, United States  minister to Belgium, is objectionable to the German government  because he is human.  The output of gold in Ontario  has increased by nearly .$2,00,000  in nine months, while the value  of silver produced shows a decrease of slightly more than $2,-  000,000.  There are signs that the Americans are beginning to see how  that nation's policy toward Germany is degrading the country.  ii  The prayer of the men in the  North Sea fleet runs thus: "Oh!  Lord, give 'em German courage  to come out, if it is only for five  minutes."  Before , the war Canada had  500,000 more men than women.  At the present rate of recruiting  there will be an even break at  the end of the war.  It may take another year, but  the Kaiser's end is in sight.  Artificial light has become almost a necessity for decorative  purposes, and consequently its  use has been largely extended.  This is especially so at Christmas festivities. In business houses  the display of holiday goods is  enhanced by the abundant use  of electric light and other illumination. There is, however, danger in this, and, unless precautions are taken, serious fires may  result. Great care should be taken that none of the decorative  material comes in contact with  the lights. Usually the decorations are very inflammable; when  in close contact with even an  electric light bulb they quickly  become charred and start a blaze.  Paper shades on lights, candles  on Christmas trees, or in so-called  Japanese lanterns have started  many serious  fires.  Especially at public entertainments, such as church festivals,  great care should be taken. Fire  extinguishers should be at hand  in case of necessity. Where lighted candles are used on Christmas trees, the responsibility for  seeing that the lives of those present are protected and every precaution taken for the safety of  life and property, should be definitely assigned.  ^^������%  Phone .Seymour 9086  FIRE  INSURANCE  is   as   important   as   Life  Insurance  We Write Fire Insurance in  Good Companies  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hatting* Street West  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barrister, and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie,   i  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  [ Citizen Building, Ottawa. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, December 17, 1915  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  THE   SITUATION TODAY  BRITAIN'S GRAND FLEET intact and free.  Her cruiser fleet is mistress of every sea.  Germany's grand fleet bottled up. Her cruiser  fleet  swept from the seas.  Britain's merchant marine over one million  tons tonnage greater than when war broke out.  Germany's1 merchant marine has vanished.  Britain's army increased from less than 200,-  000 men to over 4,000,000, with increasing quantities of. stores. -,.   ,  Germany's huge army of 8,000,000 men being  gradually decimated. Prussia, alone, having  lost  2,244,248 men.  British army now firing 10 shells ,to Germany's one.  British empire, especially Canada, has the  greatest crop on record.  Germany daily compelled ,to quell bread riots.  , Britain's honor unsullied ,after eighteen  months of conflict.  Germany's name a synonym for brutality,  falsehood, arrogance and murder.  THE NAVY THAT IS  THROTTLING GERMANY  JOHN F. H. POLLEN, the w?ell known naval  writer, has this to say in the Daily Mail under  the above caption: <���������  .. Germany's unceasing efforts fo, disparage and  belittle the unpleasant attentions of our fleet  are occasionally fostered by the; most amazing  statements. I"re'centiy; referred to a despatch,  sent to America, describing, the visit of the well-  known writer Karl Wiegand to tVe ! German fleet,  and the ridiculous sentiments expressed therein  found echo in a recent,. German "wireless'? in  tKe following astounding paragraph:  "Ifr. Asquith asksy where Germany's "navy  js. He is unaware of the fact that the question  way he asked, Where is the English navy?"  The answer is simple and can be expressed in  a few words.  The  British  navy is  everywhere.   Not just  "somewhere in the North Sea," but everywhere,  . on every ocean and in every sea!  Wherever the eneniy's territory touches the  great waters, there is the British navy represented.  This "wireless" no doubt refers primarily to  those~units of our sea'Vfdrees that are stationed  in northern waters, and if the "High Seas"  fleet is so anxious to meet them it has only, to  leave its harbours and steam for a few hours7 in  a north-westerly direction.  In the many other theatres of war the conditions are somewhat different, but the results  are the same. Let us first consider the position  in the1 Baltic.  Germany has a fleet in those waters that is  numerically superior to that of Russia, even if  our submarines are included.  But can the German fleet do anything or  .exert the least influence on the land campaign ?  On the contrary, our submarines have cut off the  sea supplies to the left wing of the armies in  Courland until the German thrust for Riga has  quite "petered out." The German trade routes  are paralyzed, the supply of iron ore, so necessary for the manufacture of munitions, can no  longer be maintained, and the contraband trade  in cotton and in, foodstuffs has, at last, been definitely stopped.  This last is perhaps, the most important of all  the effects of our navy's supremacy in the Baltic, i nthat it regularizes our policy with re  gard to neutrals.   ���������  The Russian navy, by reason of our reinforcements, is enabled to harass the enemy's lines  on the coast of the Gulf of- Riga, and can, by  bombardments, small landings, and threats to  land, force the enemy to keep back a large  number of troops to protect his lines of communications, and these troops are urgently needed in  the firing line.  In the Mediterranean the everVpresent navy  is affecting the land operations in no uncertain  way. It has supplied and will maintain the  forces that the allies are sending to Serbia, and  again by bombardments and threatened landings  it will hold up a large number of enemy troops.  There is a delightful uncertainty about the  the bombardment of one's coast by an enemy's  squadron, more ^especially when there are trans-_  ports in the offiing,  and this uncertainty will  force Bulgaria to retain sufficient troops on her.,,  coast to prevent or at least to oppose a landing.  Judging from the reports of our recent attacks oh this coast, this necessity will - account  for serious losses among those Bulgar troops  who are powerless to fight: our ships and; whose  usefulness disappears if they run away!  At the Dardanelles and on the Asiatic coast  of Turkey the Nevy is exercising the same strain  and is holding up troops that coiuld be used elsewhere. * r ��������� . , .'.. . ';X_  The defence of Belgrade against the German  hordes was lagerly assisted- by naval guns manned by British seamen, and we have read with  pride how these men stuck to their posts to the  last. V  The onlysother part of the world where enemy  territory is accessible by sea is in the Persian  Gulf. \, - XV:'7'  There, as we know, a British army is marching victoriously on Bagdad. This force, supplied  and maintained by the Navy, has been ably'assisted by gunboats and other small craft, commanded by naval officers and manned by bluejackets. These ships,, operating on Vjt^bie .VJI^rlisX  and Euphrates rivers, have materially assisted  the military on the several occasions that tKe  Turks have been routed.. They have inflicted'  great losses by their gunfire, and have sunk,  captured or destroyed an enormous amount of  enemy shipping. x(  We may expect the capture of Bagdad any  day, and where then will be Germany's vainglorious boast of a line from Berlin to Bagdad?  The British navy is at both ends of that line  and is menacing its centre. Under the pressure  of sea power the line . will crumble,  and GeiK  many's hopes of world-domination will crumble  with it.  LORD  ALVERSTONE  DEAD  DON'T GO DOWN TOWN TO DO YOUR  CHRISTMAS SHOPPING. PATRONIZE THE  MERCHANTS OF MOUNT PLEASANT. YOU  WILL GET QUALITY AND PRICE THAT THE  STORES WITH THE HEAVY RENTS CANNOT MEET.  LORD FISHER'S FEAT  LORD FISHER, who is now so much upbh!  people's tongues since Mr. Churchill's 'resignation, once gave the Germans ^a sur^rise^<A*t/tfiSt?  time of the dispatch of Emperor Will!am^snmem-'  orable telegram to President Kruger on the subject of the Transvaal raid, Lord Fisher had a ;  small squadron under his command lying off Lis-"  hon, when one morning a German fleet of twice  the strength of the British force- entered the  Tagus, with the object of impressing tbe Portuguese, and then drew up in a double line on  the river.    Lord Fisher did not remain. He exT  changed salutes, and then, giving the signal for"  departure, led his squadron out of port at fiilf'1  speed, steering a course���������not to the south of the  German fleet, where the rives is miles broad, but  between the two German lines,* with ov$y aboufcf  twenty yards clear on either side.  It was a manoeuvre that might have wrecked  a dozen ships, and only a man of iron nerve  could have carried it out successfully. But Lord  Fisher ha;CW  sei swerved a yard from the wake of his flagship,  and,   amazed  at  the daring  of  his   squadron, '  which   took place  under   the eyes   of #: large <  portion of the population of Lisbon, assembled ,  on shore to witness the spectacle, even the'Vbfi.-  were excited by professional admiration to cheer.;  enthusiastically as the British squadron passed ,  out. X  MILITARY TRAINING IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS  , TRUSTEE W. H. SHAW, of the Toronto  Public School Board, has taken the initiative  in establishing compulsory cadet training in the  schools of this city. Upon his motion, the  Board of Education has unanimously passed are-  solution providing for drill instruction and rifle  practice for all public school pupils ten years of  age and over.  Mr. Shaw has given a lead to all the Public  School trustees in Canada, and we have no doubt  that they will follow with a great deal of enthusiasm. The intention is to prepare a boy to take  , his place in a militia regiment as soon as he is  through with his education. But that is not all  the story. By commencing with boys ten years  of age, it will be possible to develop, in them an  enthusiasm for military service which will undoubtedly result in practically every public and  Lhigh school graduate looking forward to the  day, when he can join the ranks of the country's  militia, and qualify himself for the defence of  the country. ��������� u  If. the government should add compulsory  training to the militia laws of the Dominion, it  will be found that the training the children get  as cadets will be a preparation that will make'  them more efficient from the beginning, and remove every tendency n to protest against the en-  forcd service.���������Sentinel  Viscount Alverstone, former lord chief justice of England, died this week in London. He  was 73 years of age.  Lord Alverstone���������the man whose decision  gave a valuable part of Alaska to the United  States���������as a young man at Cambridge was one  of the best mile ruhhers that ever represented  that university. He excelled in all forms of  sport, but unlike most athletes of his or other  days, Was intensely religious. He has ever since  been prominently connected with philanthropic  and religious institutions.. Yet he was always  sure of a warm welcome at the Savage Club, that  .home of art and Bohemianism, of which he was  an old member.  He was a hopeless politician, yet by a stroke  of good luck he became attorney-general of Eng  land the first year he entered Parliament. In  that position���������he was then Sir Richard Webster���������he was constantly being pitted against that  brilliant lawyer, Sir Charles Russell, afterwards  Lord Russell, of Killowen.* The result of these  legal contests was that he was generally dubbed  "Sir Wretched" Webster.       X  In 1900, as a result of his long, though not  particularly services to the Con  servative party, he was given the lucrative office  of Master of the Rolls. In the same year his  old opponent, Lord Russell, died. It was impossible to pass over the claims of Webster for that  post, therefore^ although he was a notoriously  poor judge, he became by a stroke of good luck  lord chief, justice of England vvvith the title of  Baron Alverstone and a salary of $40,000 a  year.    '   . ���������' ' .    VX''        X, X'���������  But, out of England, he was perhaps best  known on account of the casting, vote given in  favor of the United States and against Great  Britain and Canada in the famous Alaska boundary arbitration held jn London in 1903.  It required no little moral courage for a pat  riotic man, even though he was Lord Chief Justice, to decide against his own, country. Canada  and the United States in the Alaska case were  represented by an equal number of arbitrators,  and the then attorney general of England, on  behalf of his government, argued against , the  American contention. After weeks of speeches,  the American and Canadian arbitrators were  ' more than eyer convinced that their respective  claims were just. It remained for Lord Alverstone to give the casting vote and to decide which  flag should J3y oypr. a. large potion of Alaska.  After several days of strenuous and nerve-  trying deliberation, Lord Alverstone came tothe  conclusion that the United. States' claims had  been established. At the end of a Saturday sitting, when the last arguments were delivered,  he told the American arbitrators, or one of them,  that he was forced to .acknowledge the justice  of their case. Lord Alverstone would probably  have  also  told  the, Canadian arbitrators,  but  , they had hurried off to keep a \veek-end engagement in,tfre country. There was no vital rear  son for secrecy, as all that remained was for  Lord Alverstone himself to sum up.    The news  Lof the decision was cabled the same day to the  United States, and thence was telegraphed to  Canada and cabled back tb England.  A feeling of intense resentmeht sprang up  Uke;'wildfire in^Ca^  clared Lord Alverstone had sold the Dominion  as a mess of pottage to gain the friendship of  '; the United States. The Canadian arbitrators cabled back to London that Lord Alverstone had  'not told them of his momentous decision. The  fact that the news came through the American  News agency and Was published in the United  States before the Canadian members of the court  had heard of it was interpreted as damning evidence that Canada had "beert betrayed." It  was some years before the irritation caused by  this  incident   died down,   and ������for  months he  received shoals of abuse by mail and otherwise|  from Canada. ��������� -rX  To Lord Alverstope belongs the distinction of J  having occupied the office of attorney-ggfeeral]  for the longest period on record. He has nowl  been "The, Chief." for twelve years, a record]  of service as long as that of Lord Russell, of |  Killowen, his immediate successor, and only two ]  years short of that of Lord Coleridge.  SAVE YOUR CAR FARE. STAY AT HOME  AND PATRONIZE THE MERCHANTS WHO  HAVE FAITH IN MOUNT PLEASANT. THIS  WILL BE THE HEART OF THE CITY IN A  SHORT WHILE. SO SPEND YOUR MONEY  WHERE YOU GET VALUE AND HONEST  TREATMENT. -  The Freneh  Chamber  of Deputies  reported  this week upon the requirements of the governX|  ment for the first quarter of 1916, summarizing/  the cost of the;war thus: "The total expensesA.  of the government from August 1, 1914, to December 31, 1915, were 31,024,000,000 francs, off  which the purely military expenditures were 24yX"j  347,000,000 francs.     While the average expehx  ses of.-the   government   during  the   first   five!  months of the war were 1,780,000,000 francs, theX  estimates for the first quarter of the new year ;  average 2,505,000,000 francs monthly.    The comX  mittee reported that it had rejectedi;he request;  of the minister of finance that the'income tax ofX  July, 1914, should,be applied to January 1,1917. '  ��������� '���������'��������� Seven ships of the Pacific Mail Steamship  Company, the last Pacific fleet to- remain under  the American flag, Jiaye been purchased by the  American International Corporation. The amount  involved is $1,250,000. Announcement of the  deal was made this wek at New York. The vessels will be used in the Central and South  American trade. The American International;  Corporation is a $50,000,000 organization. It  was chartered in Albany November 23 to foster  the world trade of the United States. The pur-"1  chase of the Pacific Mail steamships is the first  act of the new corporation and is regarded with  particular interest.  \-  Between 2,000,000 and 2,500,000 men have';  enlisted under the plan of the. Earl df Derbyyv.  director of recruiting, according to the Daily  Sketch.    The paper says this figure may be, reduced under an analysis, and that - it is, "quite -''  possible that the figures relative to single men  may prove to be below' the required standard.  EARLY SHOPPING  ONE WEEjK from'tomorrow is Christmas Day  and all next week "the stores will be open late '. |  for the convenience of Christmas shoppers.    The "  old slogan of "Shop Early" is again to the fore,  and we wish to'emphasize it once again.     Re--.,  member the clerks who have to wait, on feveredX  customers throughout the long 4ay have addedx  burdens to bear when they are called upon toX  remain at their postXnitil late in the eveningX*  It will help  to make Christmas just so  muchX  brighter and better for all if those having purx ���������  chases to make will arrive on the spot in the;  early -mdrning"hours of ^usihesC^" You Will'V^X  better satisfaction and better bargains by coming early in the day. -Remember the worm and ;  be on the job early.  THE 8USIN.ESS MSN OF MOUNT PLEAS-,  ANT HAVE ON BAND THE VERY -FINEST"  DISPLAYS EVER FOR THEIR CHRISTMAS  TRADE. NO "MADE IN GERMANY" ARTICLES ON HAND. ALL BRITISH. HAVE A  LOOK AT THE NEAT WINDOW DISPLAYS.  IT WILL PAY YOU.  SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA HIGHLANDERS ���������^v*-1^^^^:*^^"^^^']'* '���������.���������-;  XrX''  X-xVXXX,"  Friday, December 17, 1915  THE WESTERN   CALL  5  Why shop downtown and pay more when you can obtain everything necessary right here on Mt. Pleasant? ' Cheaper rent enables us to give better  value for less money.   Be loyal, save time and money and buy on the Hill.  w#J^  Suggestions  Give him a Fountain Pen.  Give ber Bos Fapetry. v  He likes a nice Pipe.     XV  She just loves Chocolate*.  He needs Military Brushes.  Ask her about a Manicure Set.  Make    her    happy    with    a  Toilet Set.  Did you Get Tour Nyal's Vic-  trola Coupon Yet?  EXTJIA SPECIAL  Fresh Xmas Chocolates 25c lb.  Xmas Hard Mixture ...:15c lb.  INDEPENDENT  DRUG STORE  Cor. 7th and Main St.  1915 has been the saddest  year ln the annals of Canadian History. To our Friends  who have lost their Friends  or Eolations in the war, we  extend our sincere sympathy.  To those who have lost their  loved ones still at the front,  we trust that this awful war  will soon be over and that  those m> near and dear to  them will be returned in the  near future.  We extend to all sincere  wishes at this Xmas time.  Arthur Frith  Men's and Boys Furnishings  Hats, Boots and Shoes  Cor. 10th Ave. ft, Main St  Store Open Evenings Until-8  O'clock  J-earn To Earn  Hy attending Mt. Pleasant 's up-to-date - Business  School.  WINTRR TRRM OPRNS  WONPAY, JAN. 3RP.  The Cost is Less. The  Service Better. See us  NOW.  Phone: Fair;   2075  SUCCESS  BUSINESS  COLtEGE  X._:i J^JTWJX ^X  Cor. 10th and Main. Street  Vancouver, R. 0.  LETTER FROM ENGLAND  Pte. Wm.  Cruickshanks,  of the  47th   Battalion   Writes   from  :' England.  Mount  Pleasant  R. J. TAYLOR  Cut Flowers, Holly, Mistletoe, Plants,  2456 Main  (Near Broadway)  THE MESSIAH  A large number of Mt. Pleasant people journeyed over to  Chalmers church in Fairview, on  Tuesday evening, to listen to the  choir ��������� of that church augmented  by many voices, making, in all  almost), a hundred, render Hansel's Messiah. Mrs. Roy Troupe,  Miss Eileen Maguire, Mr. Fred,.  J. ��������� Taggart and Mr. Herbe'rt J.  Cave were the soloists, while the  choir rendered in delightful style  this favorite musicale under  the baton of Mr. W. H. Nanse'u.  Mr. Nansen was formerly choir  master of Mount Pleasant Presbyterian, church, and has the  congratulations and hearty good  wishes of his friends in this section of the eity on the success  o'f his choral work.  Editor Western Call:  Although my P.O. address at  present, is Bramshott Common.  Hampshire, the above address is  the better, as we are liable to be  moved any time, this being a  camp for preliminary training  only I understand. There are  about 15,000 men in camp at present, nearly all from Canaila. I  have not had time-to look  around much yet,������ but the camp  certainly is a large one.. It took  us over fifteen, minutes to march  from the entrance to' our quarters.  It is wonderful the work that  has been done to build this camp.  A year ago I-believe it was all  bare common. Today there are  miles of wooden cabins, each ac  comodating thirty-two men, miles  of roadway (main roads all  paved), wash houses', cookhouses,  latrines, etc., all built of cement,  and brick. There is a fine water  system' and plenty of good water  all evidence of the .thoroughness  with which they do things over  here. ,  We landed at Plymouth onMon-  day at 10.30 a.m. Our escort picked us up the previous evening,  jus*t at dark. When we reached  the danger zone all lights were  extinguished or covered up, lifeboats were swung out and we  steamed ahead at fullspeed, a destroyer on either side of us and  a short distance ahead. (Occasionally a light would flash out away  off on the horizon and be immediately answered by one of our  escort-^evidence of. how well  the British navy is doing its work  We passed a number of mine  sweepers just " before entering  Plymouth harbour. At the entrance a pilot boat dropped into  line ahead of us, which we followed into harbour to our anchorage. In the meantime��������� jftur.es-  cort dropped behind us and the  swept past as we dropped anchor,  heading for their bejths. Everything was done in such an orderly manner that one couldn't  help but notice it. As soon as we  came to rest transport boats  came up alongside ready to take  us ashore. There was no delay  or hitch in the whole proceedings.  We passed through a considerable part of Devon (your country  I believe) on the train. It was  very pretty. Unfortunately we  travelled most of. the way after  dark, so we didn t see much except for an hour or so at the  start.  We arrivd at camp at 2.30 a.  ni., Tuesday, had a meal and  then turned in* until 8 a.m. Our  battalion arrived sooner than  expected, so things were not  quite ready for us, but are being  got in order as quickly as possi-c  ble. I believe there is a great  scarcity of labor, so it is difficult to get things in shape as rapidly as could be desired. However there is great credit due for  what has been already  done.  We have to get down to real  work now. The past three weeks  have been much like a holiday,  b(ut that is past. I hear we are  to get imperial instructors in a  week or two. Our officers and non-  coms, have to go to Aldershot  for examination and instruction.  : I have been told that our battalion is the first from Canada to  Serviceable Shoes  That's what you want for the cold and slushy weather.- THE  LECKIE SHOE for men and boys is unsurpassed for B C. weather,  and are made right here in Vancouver. All sizes at all prices.  Quality in' every .shoe.  LADIES are my specialty. Guaranteed Fits Menu* Comfort My 25  years' experience in the shoe business is at your disposal. Call and  see my assortment of Ladies' stylish, serviceable and quality shoes.  CLAPP THE SHOE MAN  Cor. Main St. and 7th Ave.  V       I Close at 6 P. M.  Phone: Fair. 1508  are not the whole of Christmas  You have many you want to remember, and it is a pleasure to  give, but if in getting, the gifts you wear yourself out until Christmas is more of a nightmare than a pleasure, then your Christmas is  failure. YOU CAN AVOID THIS      '  Shop at Hilker'e. Everyone in this store will help you in every  possible way and;giye you pleasant, prompt service. No trudging from  one department to another with a wait at every counter, but continuous service, which saves your time and nerves, and what is just  as important, we have the Goods you want at most reasonable prices  Shop at HILKEB'8 and let us help make Christmas happier for you  A. HILKER & SON ������"������ ������ **������?***  Why not Buy on Mt Pleasant ?  Our showing of Xmas Goods are from the. best makers of the  different lines, and the prices no more than in any prat of the city,  for similar goods.. -'    ,  X__ Va4_ ta������t������i.M Safety  Bason in  Gold,  Silver,  Ebony Hair Brushes, Parisian Ivory  Military Hair Brushes, Pesfumes: Piver's,' Soger's and  OaJlet's.  - Christmas Stationery.  Cameras, Etc.  We have an excellent line of Moir's and Neilson's Chocolates.  LAW THE DRUGGIST  Lee Building. Broadway and Main  Parisian -Ivory Sets,  Brush and Comb  (Made up to Suit)  OUR ADVERTISERS  To You  With all Good Wishes for a Bright and Joyous  Christmas and a fright and Happjt New Year.  2337 Main Street  go overseas full strength, but I  IcannoT vo^OoFthr^uth^lt:  Anyway we have a good bunch  of men who will, doubtless, do  their bit in the great cause.  , There are five villages in our  neighborhood to which the fellows resort at night. They are  quaint old fashioned places; but  unfortunately they are all darkened at night, so one doesn't get  much chance to see them. All  blinds' are drawn at nightfall,  and the street lamps are painted  black half way do\*n to prevent  the light from being seen from  above. I understand there was  an air raid over this neighborhood some time ago.  W. CRUICKSHANK.  The annual exhibition of the  Poultry and Pet Stock Asociation  has beeri taking place at Hastings Park this week, and large  numbers of fanciers have been  present at all the sessions of the  show.  Don't be so foolish as to go  way down town and buy your  Christmas Gifts. Start with the  men you know. You will be treated right and will get value for  your $$$$$$  The Don has moved from Main  street to the building formerly  occupied by the Hatch Hardware  store near the Broadway Theatre.  GREECE  FEARS ENTENTE  Page Five of. this issue and  succeeding issues will be devoted  to advertising for the benefit of  the merchants of Mount Pleasant. In years gone by the Call  has carried much advertising matter for the business men of this  community,- advertising, we believe which brought results. Recently j however, a great, deal of  this has been dropped, largely  owing to the stringency of the  times'. Now, hQwever, the men  of the hill feel is opportune for  a continuance of this method of  making their wares known to the  public. A glance over tlie ads.  will convince our readers that  we aire catering to reliable men,  and the Call asks its readers to  mention this paper when paying  a Call to the business houses on  the hill. The management of this  paper, will spare no pains to meet  the, wishes of our patrons, and in  every , detail they will have our  first attention.  Next week, then, we propose  tp issue on Thursday in order to  be-of better service to our patrons. This paper wi^lJbe_ on the  streets Thursday afternoon, and  we will appreciate the support of!  the business men and others in  our resolve to "patronize tbe  merchants on the hill."  Give Footwear this Xmas.  Jno. McAllister's  Reliable Footwear  It heads the list for sensible Gifts because it is  always useful, always  comfortable, fashionable,  and serviceable.  2405 Main 8treet  (Next Bingham)  Mount Pleasant  Xmas Gifts  For   something   useful   and  most acceptable Is a  HOT POINT IRON  Tbe Iron celebrated for its  hot point, cool handle aad attached stand (eliminates lifting). Guaranteed for tan  years.   Price |4.00.  We have also a full supply  of all Electrical Appliances.  Come in and look over our-  large display of  CHANDELIERS  From $2.00 Up  Crown Electric oV  Fixture Co.  Lighting Fixtures  Open Evenings  Phono Fairmont 1187  O. LANG, Mgr.  101 BROADWAY   BAST  The address delivered by Rev,  Dr. W. L. Armstrong, of. Edmonton, in Mt. Pleasant Methodist  church on Tuesday night was  very largely attended and was a  spdendid address. Dr. Armstrong  is a pleasing speaker, and his subject, "The Philosophy of Life,"  gave -him broad scope for his ability. Dr. Armstrong preached in  the above church on Sunday  evening last/  X  L-,'j^\  X "X!  son s  Stationery  and fancy Good'  22# Main Street  Urge Pisplay of Toy*  Advertise in Mt. Pleasatit't  only paper, "Wettero 04J.M  From Rome Dr. Dillon has sent  the following wire under recent  date: Greece's present position  toward Entente may be likened  to that of a dog which barked  when about to commit an offense  and would fain bits its master,  but being in fear of the'whip had  to content itself with snarlings.  Surliness and pin-pricks are the  present characteristics which  hsive their roots in Constantine :s  engagements toward Germany  coupled with his powerlessness  to carry them out. For it has  became practically impossible for  the,part assigned to Greece in the  well l.aid Balkan scheme of the  Central Empires to be played at  tins juncture.    "'  It has become impossible solely because the Entente have at  last borne in upon the King the  reality of their resolve to adopt  di;astic measures in case any action of a disloyal character is begun or attempted.  It would be unfruitful to enumerate the measures already conditionally decided upon. The  statement of broad fact must  suffice, that Greece is now convicted and condemned to unprofitable, and irksome innocuous-  ness. She believes and trembles.  But her rulers seem still resolved to. show their teeth and put  little spokes in the Entente's  wheel whenever they can do so  with impunity.  gating between  Meals is perfectly  Natural for  Healthy, Active  Children  *+0\9e>99m *m\.   *9l*9m0*A*p^^ em*aj**ym99*^9Am9m;  Energy-Rastoring  FOODI  #  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Breads  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  Made of Canada's most nutritious floor and puxc  water in British Colombia's most sanitary, dean,  modern baking plant.  5  FULL   16  OUNCE   LOAF  Every one "sealed at the oven"  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers  of BETTER   Bread Friday, December 17, 1915  HOME TABLE  HINT������  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate,  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a .high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, December 18%  Labor is discovered to be the grand conqueror, ex-  riching and building up nations more surely than the  proudest battles.   ���������;.'*'',  .   ���������William   EUery Ghanning.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Raisins and Cream.  Frizzled Beef. Warmed Rolls. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tapioca Soup. Beefsteak Smothered  in Onions. Stuffed Potatoes. Mashed Squash. Orange Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Asparagus Tips on Toast. Poached  Eggs. Canned Peaches. Cake. Tea.  Orange Pudding  Soak one and one-third cupfuls of stale bread  crumbs in one cupful of water. Add* one cupful  of orange juice, the juice and grated yellow rind  of half a lemon, one cupful of sugar, two tablespoonfuls of melted butter, one-quarter of a teaspoonful of salt and two whole eggs and one  egg yolk well beaten. Mix thoroughly, turn into  a buttered pan and bake in a slow oven until  firm. Beat the whites of two eggs until stiff,  fold in two tablesponfuls of sugar, flavor with  a few drops of orange juice, spread over the pudding when cool, return to the oven and brown  delicately. r x  Sunday, December 10th,  Fail not to call to mind in the course of the twenty-  fifth of this month, that the Divinist Heart, that ever  walked the earth was. born on that day; and then smile  and enjoy yourselves for the rest of it; for mirth is also  of Heaven's making. XV���������Leigh Hunt.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit: Fish and Potato Cakes  Graham Gems. Coffee.   : *  Dinner���������Brown Soup. Noodles. Celery. Olives  Chicken Pie. Mashed Potatoes. Peas. Date and  Orange Salad. Toasted Crackers. Maple Walnut  Cream. Coffee.  Luncfi���������Cream Cheese. Currant Preserves.  Bread and Butter Sandwiches. Cocoanut Cakes.  Tea. ,  Maple Walnut Cream  Pour one cupful of hot maple syrup into the  beaten yolks of three eggs and cook over boiling  water until thickened, stirring constantly. Remove from the fire, add onetablespoonful of gelatine softened' in one-third of a cupful of cold  water, stir until dissolved, then add three-quarters of a cupful of broken walnut meats, place on  cracked ice and stir until it begins to thicken.  Fold in one-half pint of heavy cream beaten until stfff, turn into wet molds and place on ice  until firm.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Monday, December 20th  "Thankfulness is one of the most fragrant of the  graces.     It is an emotion wbich must not only be ex-"-  perienced, but also gladly and, fully, expressed."  Ifreafefast-r-Bananas. - Cereal with Cream.  Spanish Omelet. Rusks. Coffee.  Dinner���������-Chicken Soup. Baked Sausages..  Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Onions. Pickled Red  Cabbage. Currant Croquettes. Foamy Sauce.  Coffee.  Supper���������-Chicken on Toast. Celery and Pineapple Salad. Cakes. Tea.  Currant Croquettes  Pour one cupful of. hot milk over two cupfuls of stale cake crumbs, stir and cook over  boiling water for five minutes, then.add one-  half cupful of currants, one-half cupful of chopped nut meats and one-eighth of a teaspoonful  of salt. Remove from the fire, add immediately  the beaten yolks of two eggs, flavor with one  teaspoonful of vanilla, and spread on a buttered  plate to cool. Shape into croquettes, roll in fine  crumbs, dip in beaten egg, roll again in crumbs  and fry in deep hot fat. Serve with foamy sauce.  Tuesday December 21st  It is something to be able to paint a particular picture, or to carve a statue, and so make a few objects  beautiful, but it is far more glorious to carve and paint  the very atmosphere and medium through which we look,  which morally we can do.    , *  Thoreau.  Breakfast���������Oranges. Broiled Smoked White-  fish. Creamed Potatoes. Corn Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear Soup. Roast Fillftt of Veal. Potato Souffle. Creamed Carrots: Lettuce with  French Dressing. * Apple Tapioca.0 Coffee.  Supper���������Cheese Pudding. Spinach Salad. Hot  Rolls. Pound Cake. Tea. '  Cheese Pudding  Butter a baking dish and line with stale  bread spread with butter. Cut three-quarters of  a pound of mild cheese in small pieces and sprinkle with one scant teaspoonful of mustard, one  teaspoonful of salt, one-half teaspoonful of paprika and a dash of cayenne; add three eggs beaten and mixed with one and one-half cupfuls of  thin cream, turn into the dish dot with bits of  butter and bake in a moderate oven  Wednesday, December 22nd    y  All   the wosld   a smiling  Good will to spare,  Gracious thoughts   and  Generous  thoughts  Christmas in  the air. .  \ X ���������Giddings.  Breakfast���������Cereal with dates and Cream. Coddled Eggs. Cinnamon Buns. Coffee.  Dinner-r-Cream of Spipach. Fillet of Veal in  Bechamel Sauce. Boiled Rile. Brussels Sprouts.  Custard Pie. Coffee.  . Supper���������Baked Beef Balls. Celery au Jus.  Whole Wheat Bread. Vanilla Jumbles. Tea.  J-   %.XXXXV0ele^;au'Jus,  Wash the celery,, cut it in pieces of, uniform  size, cook five minutesJ inV salted acidulated water and drain. Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter, blend in three tablespoonfuls of flour, add  slowly one and one-half cupfuls of the water in  which the celery was cooked, stir until smooth,  season with pepper, salt and Worcestershire  sauce, then add' the celery and let simmer until  tender Place in a heated dish and sprinkle with  grated cheese and. finely chopped pimento  ���������   ���������   ���������  Thursday, December 23rd  It is the Christmas timet  And up and down, twixt heaven and earth,  .   In glorious grief and solemn mirth,   ���������  The   shining angels climb;  1   And unto ��������� everything  That lives and moves for heaven, on earth,  The shining angels sing.  > ���������Mrs. Craik.  Berakfast���������Cereal with,Cream Bacon with!  Fried Apples Corn-Bread Coffee  Pinner-^Juliehne Soup    Beef    Loaf    Olive'  Sauce Baked Potatoes  Cabbage and Pineapple  Salad Cheese Wafers Cottage Pudding Coffee  '   > Supper���������Baked   Rice with   Cheese' Pickled  -Peaches Nut Muffins Tea  v Cabbage and Pineapple Salad  Mix together three cupfuls of finely .shaved  cabbage, one cupful of diced cooked pineapple,  .one-half cupful of diced celery and three-quarters  of a cupful of diced apple. Moisten with cooked  salad dressing and serve on heart leaves of let-  :tuce   ,  .*   *   ���������  .Friday, December 24tb  '' What .means that star,'' the shepherds said  "That brightens through the rocky glen?"  And angels answering overhead  Sang, "Peace on earth, good will to men!" -  ���������Lowell.  Breakfast���������Baked  Apples  Broiled kippered  Herring Creamed  Potatoes Toast Coffee  Dinner���������Split Pea Soup. Croutons. Fried Fillets of Fish, Tartare Sauce. Boiled Potatoes. Carrots with Peas. Canned Berry Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Macaoni rwith Peanuts. Baking  Powder Biscuits Fruit Salad. Wafers Tea  m*  Macaroni With Peanuts  Melt four tablespoonfuls of butter, blend in  four tablespoonfuls of flour mixed with one teaspoonful of salt and one-third of a teaspoonful  of pepper, then add slowly one pine of. milk and  stir and cook until smooth. Add three cupfuls of  finely cut cooked macaroni and one cupful of  chopped peanuts, turn into a buttered baking  dish, cover with crumbs, dot with bits of butter  and bake in  a hot over until browned .  "JINGLE  POT"   COAL  BTHXiDEBS'  SUPPLIES  FUBNITUBE  BAGGAGE  and  PIANO  MOVERS  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump, $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AND FIRE  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but we specialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage. "Mye' have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  YOTJE  PATRONAGE   IN   AT.T. THESE  LIKES  SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  80 Pender-Street EaBt, Vancouver, B. C.  PHONES:   SEY.   405,   605,   5408, 5409  RUSSIAN ARMY LEADER  General Russky, who commands  the Russian Army retreating beyond Vilna, is a curious combination of the Skobeleff and the,  Moltke types, possessing the  science and infinite patience of  the latter, together with the popular appeal of the former. One  of his compatriots describes the  General as "a 'man of very keen  intelligence; a disciplinarian with  a contempt for red tape; a worker who-brings to his work a  piercing eye ahd a powerful initiative. Unlike some great theoretical strategists, he is a man  of quick, but sure, decisions.  ������. V. Cassidy  2152 Main.   Cor.   6tb  Fine Quality Groceries. Prices lowest  for quality given. Our Special in Tea  this week, 3 lbs. for $1.00, can't be  ''beaten."/.  7 Give us a Call.  GOVERNMENT CONTROL  OF   WATER   POWERS  An item published in a recent  issue of the "Canada Gazette"  furnishes an admirable illustration of the change that has occurred during the past decade  in connection with the public  policy concerning the control of  water-powers. The item referred  to is a copy of an order in council authorizing Mr. J. B. Challies,  Superintendent of the Water  Power Branch, to recover for the  Dominion, at a cost of approximately $100,000, lands disposed of  by auction about ten years ago.  The property in question, situated along the Winnipeg River, is  of immense value owing to its  proximity to undeveloped water-  powers. Since it was alienated in  1905, the federal government has  adopted the principle that "no  permanent title in any form  should pass from the Dominion  for a property dominating water-power." While it is manifestly impossible to make such a policy generally retroactive and  thus, correct past errors, the instance 'in question is one where  the necessity for recovering the  Dominion's interest is imperative.  The entire scheme' of Winnipeg  power development would be jeopardized by the failure to remove  this property from private control. The order- in council approves the arrangements concluded by the Superintendent of Water Powers for repurchasing, the  lands and the adjacent water-;  power will be preserved unimpaired for future development  under the Dominion water ?power  1 . '������������������'���������'   '.    :X  regulations. ,  CANADA'S NET DEBT  Most people would succeed in  small things if they were not  troubled with  great  ambitions.  The net debt of the Dominion  has now passed the half billion  makr. It stood at the end of November of $501,668,167, which is  an increase of nearly ten millions during the month. The  amount given above does not include the Canadian hundred million dollars war loan completed  at the end of the month which  when added will bring the net  debt over the $600,000,000 mark;  This will be almost double the  public debt at the commencement  of the war and will involve^ an  annual interest charge of nearly  $30,000,000.  If the war lasts until March 31,  1917, Canada's war expenditures  will have totalled $440,000,000,  bringing the public debt without  taking into account the probable  necessity of borrowing for domestic purposes, up to $800,000,-  000, or $100 per head of population.  The interest charges on this  alone will be nearly $40,000,000  annually, or three times the interest charge on the public debt  before the war, and almost half  the proceeds of the customs revenue of the Dominion in normal  times.     X  The financial report' of the Dominion for November shows an  increase of seven and a half, millions in revenue over November  of last year. This increase is made  up of an advance of more than  $4,000,000 in customs revenue, of  a million and a half in excise, of  $400,000 in postoffice receipts  and of $1,800,000 in public works  and;,government railway receipts.  ������The Canadian troops now serving in the trenches are being  supplied with larrigans.  It was announced at the State  Department at Washington, December 6, that Britain, France J  Italy and Russia have formally  recognized the Carranza government.  Now is the Time  X       -:    " ��������� . ���������    -��������� x v.   -  ToBuy Your  time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.        A  impressive  ismore valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  .are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your offipr *w  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  ���������   ���������  sing.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR "1140  "v, 203 KINGSWAY Friday, December 17, .1915  SPORTING COMMENT  Just now Seattle is at the tfp  lof- the league without a loss,  I which speaks volumes for the new  [team. Muldoon has certainly.rga-  ! thered a fine team together, and  I in the league race, from present  , showing, they will be very serious contendors.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Goldie Prodgers, formerly with  Victoria^ is with the Canadiens,  as well as Laviolette, Lalonde  and Pitre. There is a bunch o������  (stars with the Canadians and  Kennedy ought to have results  this year if he ever expects it.  ��������� .���������'���������"*.  Jack   "Walker,   of   Seattle , is  showing his class in every game.  ���������H-Vasoheof the best men in the  ; business and is an asset /to any  tekm;    The Metropolitans will be  seen here on January 4th, and as  all'' the teams will be in mid-sea  Vson form by that time there will  be ah interesting argument.  ..(.������������������   *   *  Cully Wilson, the Seattle player,' is showing the way to the  others in the league in his* trail  to the penalty bench. Wilsph is; a  little fellow, but he is strong on  the give and take proposition; He  will find plenty opportunity for  it in the coast league, for while,  we have the most finished artists  in the game out this way, we have  also a few to whom a little advice  would be", in order regarding tactics   not   altogether   in   keeping  with the fine points of the sport.  There' >is no place for dirty work  in hockey, no more than there Is  in any other form of sport, and  the managers of the respective  teams would be well advised to  look after offenders. Dirty work  is the ,surest way we know of to  kill the sport, and in the interests  of the game, men, keep it clean.  The affair at Portland on Fri  day 'evening   was   a rough   and  tumble gamer and the score was  2 to 1 against  Vancouver.   The  Rosebuds were at home for the  first time this season, and a record' crowd was on hand to give  them encouragement.    The composition of the Portland team, is  too 'well  known  to need much  introduction. Suffice to say, that  evei-y man is a first class player,  and every one can take and give  all the bumps of the game. The  little fellow Murray in  goal is  a cool customer and is playing in  brilliant form, while Irvine  and  Johnson at point are a stonewall  defence.     Vancouver  only  suc-  ced in getting one goal, but when  it is remembered that Portland  only   got   past Lehman for two  counters, there was not much to  brag aboutl The Vancouver for  wards are clearly not as yet in  shape,  but  they  are  improving  every   time   out,   and will just  about be on the long end of the  score this week. Taylor has not  yet   reached his true  form, but  once he gets there, there is nothing in the league can hold him.  Mickey Mackay is going along  in good' trim now, while Lloyd  Cook, is playing in mid-s^asou  form.. Duncan, the new man on  the twing, has lots of good ho 'key  in him, and with a few move  game'si will be among the hest  in the league. Stanley is holding  down the substitute job just now  but will give them all a *un for  their money for a permanent  berth shortly. Taken all in all,  there is no reason for the fans to  be discouraged, as the season is  young, and there will be plenty  of time* for the champions to  "come back" . in right royal  style.  In Ottawa the fates are against  the Senators. As yet there is no  ice, and no team. The holdouts  Shore and Gerrard, and one or  two others are proving a stumbling block to Coach Smith.  Shore would like to purchase his  release, but there seems a hitch  in the procedeings, and the little fellow may be left out in the  cold this -winter. Hamby was  anxious to come to the coast, but  his price was too high for the'  magnates out this way, so he is  still in the capital.  FORESTRY IN JAPAN  UNITED  COLUMBIA INVESTMENT  COMPANY, LIMITED  They tell of af little incident  that happened down in Portland  the other night. It seems the  Portland defence were trying to  get Art Duncan's "angora" all  during the game. Duncan is the  kid that Patrick brought down  from the high lands of Alberta,  and just to show that he was No.  1 hard through and" through Ur-  nie Johnson will carry a bump for  a few days. There is such a  thing as going too strong for  even a kid, and Duncan's attitude  in the matter showed that he has  the "sand? needed for professional company, and he will probably be the find of the "season.  If You Want Good Bread  You Mu������t Use Good Flour  No chain is stronger than 'it's weakest link,  and no .bread can possibly be better than the  Flour which made it. Clean, pure Flour of great  food value   will produce   clean, pure,   energy-  , building loaves of bread-     That is why  ROYAl STANDARD FIOUR  has gained the deserved reputation of not only  baking more loaves to the sack, but baking them  bigger, cleaner and more substantial. One sack  of ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR will convince  you. Make your next order ROYAL  STANDARD.  II  awl  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  HANBURY'S  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1075  /  Phones: North Van. 8.23 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  The   Toronto   Globe,   in   commenting on the   signing   up   of  hockey players in the east, remarks that Eastern Canada could  very well  do  without the  sport  just now, and points the players  to   the., recruiting stations as   a  more   fitting   place   to   come to  terms   for this .winter   at least.  Good  advice,  too. Much  as  we  love the sport, there is a bigger  game on our hands' at the pres  ent time.    So far a very, large  number of the brightest and best  athletes of the empire have re  sponded to the empire's call, but  more of them are needed yet. Mr  Spare Man, how about it?  ���������   ���������   ���������  From this distance it looke like  Canadians for the Eastern cham  pionship. The league has not got  going down there as yet, but with  such a galaxy of stars as Geo  Kennedy    has   lined    upj   the  Frenchmen will take some beat  ing if the stars show anything  like form.    Poulin, late of Vic  toria, has come to  terms  with  Kennedy, and hereafter for the  remainder of his hockey career  will wear a  Canadien  uniform  Pqulin had several good years in  Ithec^^reircuiC Vand is good for  a   couple more,   but after  that,  well,  he  and Newsy will  have  passed into the Alf Smith state  V #"  *    ������ '  Vancouver has added two more  defeats at ice hockey since our  last issue, at Portland on Friday  night last and at home with Vic  toria on Tuesday. There seems  as yet no real excuse to be offered for the slump in the stock  of the Millionaires, but something  is due to happen very soon. Either the boys must make a better showing or it will be the blue  envelope for some of them, or  they must prove to the satisfaction of the manager that the  other teams are so much faster  than they. We believe the "locals have the material in them  for another championship team,  notwithstanding the three in a  row against them so far, and we  look for a win on foreign soil,  When they clash with the Vic  toria team at the capital on Friday evening.  The forestry situation in Japan is interestingly described in a  recent interview, by A. Nakai, a  district forester from Tokio. who  has been making a trip through  portions of the United States,  studying the administration of  forest areas by federal and state  governments.  "The total forest area of Japan, including  Honshu,  Shikoku,  Kyushu, the Luchu Islands  and  other smaller islands, is 56,820,-  000 acres. The forests cover 78.3  per cent. of. the total area of the  Japanese islands. Of the 10.000,-  000 acres of forests in the principal islands of the group, - two-  thirds is in standing timber and  the remainder is being reforested.  The  forests   are   classified   into  state, crown and private   areas,  and the timber is chiefly cedar,  spruce, birch .and Japanese pine,  which   is similar in ��������� appearance  to the red and white pine of the  United States and Canada, but of  different physical characteristics.  It requires about 100 years for  forest trees to attain a diameter  ���������of 14 to  15* inches at a point  about five feet above the ground  surface.  - "Japan exports more timber  products -than it imports. Corea  and parts of" China, and Europe,  Australia and the United Kingdom consume most of the lumber  exported, although the United  States takes large^ quantities of  our- oak. The large timbers used  in Japan come from the Pacific  northwest.  "Conservation methods work  successfully in Japan and' com  plete reforesting of. denuded  areas can be accomplished in  from 80 to 100 years. Reforesting  was commenced in Japan about  30 years ago and the system is  now nearly complete.     X  ''Patrol methods are followed  in protecting Japanese forests  from destruction by fire, a ranger's district covering from 5,-  000 to 6,000 acres. Volunteers  fight the fires. When areas are  cleared for reforesting, lines -of  about 40 yards in width are left  open and kept clear to prevent  the spread of fires. In Japan there  are seven major forest districts  and within these are 205 subdivisions, all under comprehensive  control. Areas may be cleared for  farming, but in Japan the farm  units are small,, averaging only  three acres for each farm.  '' Taking the timbered areas of  Japan, including the southern  portion ofSakhelien, which is 90  per cent, timbered, Formosa and  Korea into consideration, it will  be observed that Japan has a  very large forest area, estimated  at 54,000,000 acres in her colonies of Sakhalien, Formosa and  K orea.'  APQUt!  tfefl  NIphES ������������������  c5nv5obacco  PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given  that under the First Part of chapter 79 of the Be vised Statutes of  Canada, 1906, known as "The Companies Act," letters patent have been  issued under the Seal of the Secretary of State of Canada, bearing  date the llth day of November, 1915,  incorporating Edward Frank White,  secretary, Albert Hapgood Sperry,  general manager, Dee Clifford Pennington, clerk, Eugene Wesley Kaufman, accountant, and Robert Lail  Morrow, purchasing agent, all of the  City of Vancouver, in the " Province  of British Columbia, for the following purposes, viz.:  (a) To underwrite, subscribe for,  purchase or acquire and hold either  absolutely as owner or by way of  collateral security or otherwise, and  to sell, guarantee the sale of, and to  assign, transfer or otherwise dispose  of or deal in bonds, debentures,  stocks, shares and other securities "of  any government or municipal or school  corporation, or of any , chartered  bank or of any ��������� other duly incorporated company; to offer for public  subscription any shares, stocks,  bonds, debentures or other securities  of any corporation or company and  to transact and carry on a general  agency and brokerage business and  to act as agents and brokers for the  investment, loan, pyment, trnsmis-  sion and collection of money and for  the purchase, sale and improvement,  development and management of any  property, business or undertaking,  and the management, control or dir  efition of syndicates, partnerships, as  sociations, companies or   corporations;  (b) To promote, organize,- manage  or develop any corporation or com  pany having objects similar to those  of this company' or created for the  purpose of acquiring any part of the  assets of this company;  (c) To purchase for investment or  re-sale or otherwise acquire and hold  or sell or otherwise- dispose of and  traffic in real and personal property  of ail kinds and any interest therein  including but without restricting the  generality of the above, land, house  property, real estate, mines, mining  'rights and metalliferous land, petrol"  enm and oil lands and rights, water  powers, rights, and privileges, machinery and implements, shares, stock,  debentures and debenture stock ahd  other security in or of any company;  (d) To. manage, ,develop and improve any of the properties of. the  company or any properties in ' which  the company is interested' and to  turn the same to account as may  seem  expedient;  (e) To carry on or become interested in any business which may be  conveniently carried on either by  the company or any other person or  corporation in respect of any of the  properties of the company and any  business ef any nature which may  seem to the company capable of being carried on in connection with any  of   the   objects   of the   company;   -  <f) To acquire - or undertake the  whole* or any part of the business,  property ' and < liabilities of any person or company carrying- on any business which the company is authorized  to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for the purposes ��������� of the  company;  (g) To apply for, purchase or otherwise acquire, any patents, licenses,  concessions and the like, conferring  any exclusive or non-exclusive, or  limited right to use, or any secret or  other information as to any invention  which may seem capable of being  used for any of the purposes of the  company, or the acquisition of which  may seem calculated directly or indirectly to benefit the company, and  to use, exercise, develop or grant licenses in respect of, or otherwise turn  to account the property, rights or information, so  acquired;  (h) To enter into partnership ��������� or  into any arrangement for sharing of  profits, union of interests," co-operation, joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any person  or company. carrying on or engaged  in or about to carry on or engage in  My���������.busLn___LPr_.transaction.which^ithe  company is authorized to carry on or  engage in, or any business or transaction capable of being conducted  so as directly or indirectly to benefit  the company; and to lend money to,  guarantee tne contracts of, or otherwise assist atiy such person or company, and to take or otherwise acquire shares and securities of. any  such company, and to "sell, hold, reissue, with or without guarantee, or  otherwise deal   with the same;  (i) To enter into any arrangements with any governments or authorities, supreme,, municipal, local or  otherwise, that may seem conducive  to the company's objects, or any of  them, and to obtain from any such  government or authority any rights,  privileges and concessions which the  company may think it desirable to  obtain, and to carry out, exercise and  comply with any such arrangements,  rights,  privileges  and  concessions;  (j) To . draw, make, ��������� accept, endorse, execute and issue bills of  exchange, promissory notes, coupons  and other negotiable instruments aad  securities;  , (k) To make, enter into, deliver,  accept and receive all deeds, convey-.  ancee, assurances, transfers, assignments, grants and contracts necessary in connection with any .of tho  objects of the company;  (1) To issue paid-up shades, bonds  or debentures for the payment either  in whole or part of any other property, real or personal, rights, claims,  privileges, good-will, concessions or  other advantages which the company  may lawfully acquire, and to issue  such fully paid shares, bonds or  other securities in payment, part payment or exchange for shares, bonds,  debentures or other securities of any  other company;  (m) To invest the moneys of the  company not immediately required in  sueh manner as may from time to time'  be determined;  (n) To distribute' among the shareholders of the company in kind any  property or assets of the company  and in particular any shares, debentures or securities, of any .other eompany or companies which may have  purchased or taken over either in  whole or part the property, assets or  liabilities of this eompany;  (o) To sell, lease, exchange or  otherwise dispose of in whole or in  part the property, rights or undertakings of the eompany for sueh consideration as may be agreed upon  and in particular for shares, debentures or securities of any other company;  (p) To make donations and subscriptions to any object likely to promote  the interest of the company and to  subscribe or guarantee money for any  charitable   object   or objects;  (q) To pay ont of the funds of the  company all expenses of or incidental  to the formation; registration and advertising of the   company;  (r) To procure the company to be  registered or recognized in any country or place;  (s) To do all such other acts or  things as are incidental or conducive  to the above objects or any of them.  The operations of the company to  be carried on throughout the Dominion of Canada and elsewhere, by the  name of "United Columbia Investment Company, Limited," with a cap*  ital stock of Three hundred thousand  dollars, divided into 30,000 shares of  ten dollars each, and the chief place  of business of .the- said company to  be at the City of Vancouver, in the  Province of British   Columbia.  Dated at the office of the Secretary of State of Canada, this 15th  day of November,' 1915.  THOMAS MULVBT,_  Under Secretary of State.  synopsis or ooai. mwnme  *9w*f4rjW9Wej9^&**y*9**mf*7tnr *n  LAND  ACT  Coal mining rights of the Domia-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a further term of 21 years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not* more than  2,560 acres will be leased to one  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described. by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of - sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied* ���������  for shall be staked out by the applK  cant  himself.     '  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of |5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are*  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output or the mine at-the   irate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only% rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12w������  .Tune,  1914.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication ot  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575.  Vancouver Land  District,  District of  Coast, Bange I.  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, . of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west, thence  south about 80 chains te shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Beserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated July  24th, 1915.  AGNES   L.   CLARK,  B. O, Clark, Agent.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL 8  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, December 17, 1915  HARBOR BOARD WORK  The   Harbor  Board  has   been  busy of late on the reclamation  scheme  initiated  by  them some  time ago, and-have given steady  employment  for four  months to  eighty men, all of whom are married   men   with   families.   There  are thirty-five men now working  and    already    200,000   yards of  earth  have been dumped in, reclaiming about four acres.    This  has dredged out a large turning  basin at the east end of the' re  clamation, with a depth of twenty feet at low water. Work will  be started shortly oh a neat permanent stairway from the south  side of   the   draw   on   Granville  street bridge leading down to the  tide flats. In the past men had to  be rowed across the channel, but  this stairway will allow men to  get directly   to the   work.   The  commission has  expended up  to  date, $60,000 in wages. Applications   have   been  coming in for  allotments of sites, and already  the  applications   exceed   by five  acres what the  board will have  to allot,  and the matter of arranging  allotments to   best  suit  applicants is now the main factor for consideration. The applicants represent various industries  running all  the. way from shipyards to box factories. It is proposed to make leases for twenty-  one   years   subject   to   renewal  with readjustment   of rent   for  two further twenty one-year periods, making practically a 63-year  lease on ground rental basis. (Tenants will have a roadway from  the end of the old Granville St.  approach, and if it is found ne  cessary when the propertyXs fully, occupied, two light traffic  bridges will be erected leading  from the level of the tide flats  to the Granville street bridge,  which I will : relieve the congestion on that bridge.  The city schools closed today  for the Christmas holidays. The  annual entertainment of the pupils of the Simon Fraser school  takes place this evening.  STREET CROSSING BY-LAW  At the meeting "of the city fathers on Monday next the new  street traffic bylaw will be taken  up. The new bylaw prohibits  street crossing by pedestrians except at intersecting crossings, apid.  this clause in itself will likely  provoke much argument.  The new bylaw originated partly from the fact that daily the  police are face to face with near-  accidents due to pedestrians dodging across the street in the middle of a block. On the face of it  the by law looks good, but it will  undoubtedly be a hardship on pedestrians to ha^e to walk a  whole block before they are allowed to cut across. ���������  The amendments also prohibit  automobilists from - crossing  from one side of a street to the  other except at the intersection  of the street with another thoroughfare.  The period during which an automobile may stand on certain  business streets is reduced from  20 to 10 minutes.  Rev. J. "Willard Litch, of the  Ruth Morton Baptist church, will  conduct Christinas services on  Sunday next. Special music will  be provided.  Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon, of St.  John's church, this city, has been  tendered a call for the second  time by Augustine church of  Winnipeg. Some weeks ago this  call came up in the Presbytery  of "Westminster here, and Rev.  Mr. Pidgeon decided to remain  in Vancouver. Since then, however, he has altered his decision  and'is said to look very favorably on the call to "Winnipeg.1 It  will again come before the session of the Presbytery of Westminster at its next meeting.  VENTILATION AND  FRESH AIR  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVtES-TM-SNTS aid INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  ' yielding from  5 per cent,  to  7 per cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage, and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Molson's Bank Bonding. ������3 &***& it. Ws������V  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  ** .  .    Public Works Contractors  Bead Office, 8X0-15 Power Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  Dominion Coal Co.  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  AU Kinds of Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Live night and day as far as  possible in the fresh air.  With the advent of. the winter  season, and consequent lower tepi-  -jerature, comes  the  usual  sealing up process in the homes.   . 1  supply of fresh and pure air becomes   secondary  in  importance  to the exclusion of the colder at  mosphere.  The    consequence   'is  insufficient pure  air to properly  sustain life at its best.  The open air is the greatest  disease preventing and disease-  curing agency in' existence. The  air we inhale daily is by weight  twice as heavy as the"* weight of  all the food and drink we swallow. A man may live for weeks  without food, for days without,  drink, but ^pnlya few minutes  without air. Much greater care  should, ���������therefore,V be taken to  supply to oiir homes, places of  business, schools and public halls  a sufficientV amount of pure .air.  Authorities ; agree V that    each  adult requires 3,000 cubic feetyjaf  air per hour.     On this basis the?  total lair content- of a rooin*ilQ_fc  10x10 should be renewed   thr#e  times every hour. The secretv of  good ventilation is to renew the  air in a. room at least thus often,  day; and night, without creating"  a draught.  Owing to this "'daiif  gerkit., is necessary that the; foul  air be removed and fresh air admitted to inhabited rooms at such  places as will not give rise    to  draughts. The: simplest   method  of. natural ventilation is that of  more or less Open doors or windows. As the most impure air in  a room is at the ceiling, and the  freshest   at   the   floor,;windows  should be made to open from the  .top,;;.-:..1:".'  ^Wintier;"andXsummer^ the "Bed"  room window should never be  closed when the room is occupied,  except during very damp or fog  ���������gy weather. Sleeping; in cold air  is not at all dangerous, if one is  properly clad, although it may  be so if protection be insufficient,  and especially if the cold air  plays upon ������the sleeper's . head.  The open window is quite as essential to a large bedroom as to  a smaller one. It cannot be too  often repeated that tuberculosis  is not contracted by exposure to  cold, as our sanatoriums are situated in the coldest and driest  climates. ])ust and badly ventilated houses and factories are the  real cause of this disease. Sir  Morell MacKenzie, physician to  the late King Edward, said, "The  process of re-breathing air that  has already been used, if long  continued, leads to asphyxia and  death. Short of this much so-call  ed delicacy susceptibility to  cold, langour, headache and nervous depression are also due to  the same cause."  -, Canada is fortunately gifted  with a bracing and healthy cil-  mate, resulting in the developing  of a race of sturdy man  hood. When pure and fresh air  means so much in life, why shut  it out from out homes, seal ourselves in and rebreathe the air  from which we have already extracted and absorbed the lifegiv-  ins element? ..X  THE NEW CABINET  With the announcement from  Victoria this week of the- resignation of Sir Richard McBride, and the elevation of Hon.  W. J. Bowser, to the premiership; the provincial cabinet underwent a, marked change in personnel. The reconstructed cabinet is as follows:  Premier and   Attorney-General  Hon. W.J. Bowser.  Minister of Finance and Agriculture, HonV A. C. Flumerfelt.  Minister of Public Works and  Railways, Hon. C. E. Tisdall. ,  Minister of Landsj Hon. W. R.  Ross.  x.  Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education, Hon. Thomas  Taylor. ,V X  Minister of Mines, Hon. Lome  Campbell. ���������  President of the Council, Hon.  William Manson.  PARCELS FROM CANADA  The Hon; T. Chase Csgain,r  Postmaster General of Canada,  has been successful, as a result  of negotiations entered into with  the Imperial Postal Authorities,  in effecting an arangement with  the British government whereby  parcels from Canada for' Canadian soldiers in France and  Flanders will be carried at the  same rate of postage as applies  to parcels from the United Kingdom for the Expeditionary Forces on the continent, that is:  For parcels weighing up to 3  pounds, 25 cents.  For parcels weighing over 3 lbs.  and not more than 7 lbs.,. 32 cents.  For parcels weighing over 7  lbs. and not more than 11' lbs.,  38 cents.      ������������������; A' kAk.-���������' X '.-.;.  This means a material reduction on the cOst of parcels, and  it is hoped it wiU be a source of  satisfaction tb the Canadian public. This reduction has been  brought about by Canada foregoing iail 'postal charges for the  conveyance of these parcels in  Caiiada and on the Atlantic.  "1 The public are reminded, however^ in accordance with tie circular issued by the department  recently, that until further notice no parcel can be sent weighing over seven pounds;.  PRAUUE va. 3. 0. EGOS  .Statements having been made  that eggs produced in this province, particularly at the coast,  were inferior to prairie eggs for  cold ssto^  er was authorized by the executive of the B. C. ^poultry Association to conduct experiments  with both kinds of eggs this past  season to test this. Eggs were  secured from a govenrment farm  on the prairies and also from the  Cowichan district. Both lots were  laid during the same period and  all were infertile. After being  placed in cold storage ln Vancouver for a period of five and  a half months, they were taken  out, carefully examined by means  of candling, and some were given to various persons, who cooked and tasted both kinds. No information was given out as to  where the eggs were produced.  The consensus of opinion was unanimously in favor of the local  eggs, as regards flavor, taste and  set-up. The eastern eggs were  much stronger in flavor and. contained a larger proportion of  watery contents when candled.  The writer considers that there is  no ground whatever for the asser  tion that B. C. eggs are inferior  for cold storage purposes, and  ventures to state that local infertile eggs produced in the  spring can more than hold their  own against the best "produced  outside "this province.  J. R. TERRY, ��������� . ]  See.-Treas. B. C. Poultry Asso-;  X    ciation.  = CUT FREIGHT RATES  Household Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world at a saving  you of from  25  per   cent, to 45 percent., owing to our  improved method  packing and superior shipping 4 facilities!   For "Pireproof" Storage, Bemova]  in "Car Vans," High Grade ^.Packing, or-Shipping at "Out Rates" see us-  prompt, reliable and courteous service.   ������       ( v  "WE KNOW HOW"  CaMPBELLStORACE (bMPANY  Oldest and largest in Western Canada  Phone Sexmour 7360 0mc& 8571toi^5n^rrl  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  JrA    J Gv Murray l"  v >jHouBe Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:.1  Seymour 8763-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters      -  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalabmining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St: Vaneouvar, B.C.  VERNON FEED GO.  255  BROADWAY EAST  Best Store for POULTRY  Supplies  Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed  Branches at 49th and' Fraser; '270 Joyce, Ed., Collingwood  ? PhoneS:   Fair. ���������.; 188-878  and    Fraser    175r  We carry everything you he>d for successful Poultry Raising.  ,   Our Standard is "Quality, Service and Low Prices."  PHONES: Fair. 186-878 & Fraser 175  oes  ^uiltforWeor  "bmfort **  _   I"  (olcinvbiaL  TAKE a IECKJE BOOT and EXAMINE IT CAREFUUJ  , ' Note how carefully it is made, how solid and substantial it is. Note the leather���������if you are a judge you will  instantly realize that this leather is selected with care,  bought in the finest leather markets of the world  .uscrem BOOTS  ha", o built up custom on just such ' quality as this. No  "cheap" .leather,v no hurried-inferior workmanship, but  one hundred cents worth of QUALITY and then some, for  every* dollar's ^orth put in them. Buy a pair and wear  them.   At all dealers.  ���������tf'SS^N.'W.-^ ' XV<   ''-.v>. .-V-:v.sj.<k ..v  FURNITURE  When furnishing go down town FIRST and price Goods, then  conw %nd compare our prices and quality. -  Chairs from 30c, fables 50c, Dressers 93.75 to 919.00, Beds 12.50 to  $20.00, Hange 9X2.00, Boater, $3.50, Gas Ranges, $3.50.  PIANO���������Cost 9650.00.   Practically New     9200.00  'XMAS PRESENTS  ' We have a nice line of Brica-Brac and other Goods suitable  for Gifts, including select new Japanese China, etc., at half regular price. Some choice prints. One very fine pair colored Prints by  Perez.; Cost $35.00 for '  ...$12.50  COME ANI> LOOK ABOUND  HOUSE FURNISHERS  8TH and MAIN.  OPEN EVENINGS  So far Canada's shell orders  from Great Britain total 20,000-  000 shells, and the money value  of these orders is estimated at  $220,000,000. With additional ^orders ' expected between now  and  the end of the year'amounting to  $180,000,000, the total of war Orders for shells and fixed ammunition alone will amount to the  tremendous figure of $375,000,-  000. Up to now delivery of shells  from Canada has aggregated  about 3,500,000 shells. -;  Gen. Bertram declared that to  fill the shell orders already placed  and those pending 45,000,000 lbs.  of copper and brass would be  needed. 1,500,000 pounds ,of tin,  10,000,000 pounds of resin, and  about 800,000,000 pounds of steei.  The steel requirements, he said,  would tax to the limit the output of every plant in Canada,  while the new industry of copper and zinc refining in Canada  would be given an unlinmited  market, with high prices for the  output. ������������������        -        ���������

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