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The Western Call Dec 10, 1915

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Array *������  F   *-���������,      ll  * ������������������*������������������������    r ,l������i> * .V  ras  ������<MkS>  -*���������������������������������**. *?������������*������*  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  T. J." KMtMjr  J M. Mclntyt.  Funeral Director  T. J. Mearfley i.������q.  rw������a_  DApetoi  Ii  At your pot-vice day and  ,   night.  .Moderate charges-  802 Broadway West  Flume: Ttir. 1008  Volume yii.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 31  PROHIBITION  IN OUR LAST WEEK'S ISSUE we~ dealt x  ith the prohibition question from a viewpoint,  hich at the moment, appealed very strongly  o" us. - Since the publication of that article  [there have" been expressions of opinion which  'lead us to assume that our attitude then was  i,not fully and properly appreciated.  ;'��������� We desire to make ourselves absolutely clear  on one point, and that is, that if prohibition is  tp be successful, it must be kept absolutely clear  of all political partisan affiliations.  When the committee representing the pro-  [ hibitionists approached the government, we understood that they/did so to seek from the  goyernment the operation of the necessary legal machinery to secure an expression of public  opinion; and that they didknot approach them  as the Conservative party. So we are correct t  in assuming that prohibition has not been considered by the Conservative party in any way,  shape or form as a part of its political platform.  .Nor bave they been asked as yet by the prohibition organization, to do so.  We repeat what was said in our article" of  last week, that it would be suicidal on the part  of. the prohibitionists were they to involve the  question of prohibition with any party; be it  '".Conservative, Liberal, Socialist or Labour. In  j this, and in this only, do we differ from the convention,, and our criticism is made in reference  to the clause which instructs the executive to approach a political party.  A Suggestion  To all Prohibitionists who are sincerely- in-  |������|g|$f<l in the  great principle of prohibition,  it merely desirous of using it as a means  her end, we make the' following, sugges-  /���������<   t   4   i,     -X    '"     '  that no political alliance whatever be  th any political party,  ifed," that the organization of the move-  urged ��������� forward as rapidly as possible  object of: (a) Carrying on an educa-  ^itftalCampaign throughout the province; (b)  i3^-j$ta?i������i&fif necessary machinery to keep a pro-  '.-JjjfeAjlj^^efficieiit check on the polls when the  ' -wjlfe i������-being taken, and to bring out the vote  jti^iwce.  >. T$$rd, that a  definite  pledge  be  carefully  ���������^^teCfo be submitted to all candidates, irre-  78p^tive;;oJ party affiliation, which will clearly  ���������Jtow were each stands and bind them to give  effect to Prohibition by proper legislation.  It must be borne in mind that, given a hostile legislature, a bill can easily be so drafted as  to become quite abortive, and in order to avoid  this there must be strong friends in the House;  and further, by pledging "all" candidates you  AYoi&J^  it clear bow  each one stands ancl leaving the  rest to each voter to decide for himself.  We have been quite unfairly charged ^ith  Apolitical" objects because we advised that Sir  Richard McBride's offer of a plebiscite should  be accepted. Last week we stated quite clearly  that we "did not" agree with Sir Richard's  stand in its ''entirety," hut we are forced to  confess that he has logic and law on his side.  We believe that he could quite safely have gone  "beyond" the strict limits of the law, but it is  very difficult to successfully attack one who  has technical right on his side.  Let us examine the situation for a moment:  We are asking for the submission of the Alberto law. In that province they had, prior to its  submission, adopted a system of referendum and  initiative, whereby a bill might be submitted to  the people. In British Columbia we have no  such system or legal machinery, so that if our  request were granted and the bill submitted, it  would merely be a plebiscite without any legal  effect, until properly passed through ail its  stages in the house, where it would be subject  to amendment or change at will; hence the absolute necessity of having "pledged members"  to look after, our interests in the House. Then  ���������as to the date of the poll, we claim? in common  with the convention, that it-.would have been  better separate froni an election, but again we  confess there is much to be said on the other  ���������side. A very large proportion of Prohibitionists believe it would be better at the same time  as an election, as the vote would be much more  -representative. It would be quite illegal, as  the government has no right to expend public  money without the authority of the House, and  supposing the Plebiscite were defeated and the  House refused to ratify the government's action  "who would pay the costs ? Or, how would we  _feel, if after the next election the liquor inter-  (Continued   on   Page   4)  PROVINCIAL HOUSE TO MEET  WITH THE PASSING of the month of December it becomes almost a certainty that the  provincial house will hold another session before an election. How vitally this affects the  Prohibition Movement seems to have totally escaped the notice of the leaders of that movement, and in spite of the disposition to misinterpret our attitude, we purpose calling attention  to this matter, knowing that the rank and file  will appreciate our viewpoint.  The House will meet in all probability as  usual about the end of January, and adjourn  early'in March. The executive of the Prohibitionists has flatly refused to ask the government to introduce a'prohibitory measure during this session, such measure to come into t  force upon the passing of a Plebiscite to be  taken at the coming provincial election, which  election must follow shortly upon prorogation.  Now, where does this leave us? As Prohibitionists, we have asked for a plebiscite  apart from an election. We did not specify  "before" or "after" and it must be obvious  to all "sane" men that we,cannot get one now.  "before," so if the government is to meet our  demands, it will be "after." That is not all.  of the snare we have laid for ourselves. If we  fail to get a bill passed at this coming session,  and, we get* a plebiscite afterwards (either at  ���������the election or apart from it) it will not be possible to give effect to that plebiscite until the  next following session, that is, until sometime  in the spring of 1917; and, as no doubt "time"  will be given in the bill for the disposal of  stocks, etc., it would, therefore, appear that" if.  the present course outlined by the Prohibition  Executive is followed we will not have prohibition until January, 1918.  Such procedure will not meet with the approval bf a large portion of those backing the >  movement, and we do not hesitate in urging  all sincere Prohibitionists to wake up and inaugurate a more energetic policy; We -want  results, not platitudes and fine sounding sentiments. There are real difficulties in the way,  let these be attacked and overcome, instead  of wasting valuable time "peddling" the movement from one party to another.  VANOOITVTO'S FOE? J^TOEATU  , THE PUBLIC will be pleased to learn that  the literary talents of Mr. F. C. Wade, K.C., are  not to be confined to the restricted and humble limitations of the editorial chair of the  "Sun." He has decided, after profound reflection, to "take up Poetry," not "Politics," and  by permission we are able to publish his master-piece   "The Editor's Lament. "-  Why the Editor of the Sun should "lament"  we do not know, unless it is a forerunner to his  valedictory, but in any ease we commend this  poem as a sample of the literary genius of Mr.  F. C. Wade, the author.  The Editor's Lament  In jdays of yore,  Before   the   war,  It used to be quite easy  For  writer   bold  To  roar and scold  Until his pen grew wheezy.  What  fun he'd make  And things he'd take  Off in his "humor" column  Now,   since   the  war, ;  He's gro\*yi a bore  Indeed,  he's  almost  solemn.  But still he works  At foolish quirks i  That make him sad and weary.  His subjects few.  His  jokes, not   new,  The future seems quite dreary.  The censor sits,  And .frowns  and knits  (We're sure he's quite a lady)  Quite patiently  He waits, to see   ���������  If we write something shady.      '  ���������'-���������--���������'������������������ !  Our subjects dear  Of   yesteryear,  Touched   many public   people.  But   now   we dare .  Not raise a hair,  Much less a scalp,  doggone it.  LEADER, LEADER, WHO'S  GOT THE LEADERSHIP?  IN THE EAST Mr. H. C. Brewster, leader  of a section, of the Liberal party in B. C, was  received with honors and he made speeches to  Liberal.(Organizations in which he told the eastern public about the parlous condition of British  Columbia, and these speeches were reported expensively in the papers. In short, Mr. Brewster was treated like a real leader, and he acted  the part.. He was away for several weeks gathering and spreading knowledge and maybe  wisdom, and maybe some things that were not  wisdom.  But he comes back to British Columbia and  the morning Sun curtly announces the fact in a  ten line item in an obscure corner of. the paper.  In Victoria the'Times gives him a long interview with big headlines. It is not so very  long ago that the genial Geo. E. Macdonald returned from a trip to the far east. Like Mr.  Brewster, Mr. Macdonald was feted and honored  in the east. They gave him a Liberal nomination, and George returned to Vancouver with  his neck arched and his mane flowing, head up  and tail over the dashboard. The Sun took  him to its bosom and welcomed him in an interview that filled nearly two columns of type.  It has long been a moot subject in Liberal  circles that Mr. Brewster leads one section of  the party, and Geo. E. leads another. If that  is so, it is not hard to perceive which section  and which leader the Sun approves. When  the prohibitionists seek out the Liberals to ascertain their views on that question it might-be  wise for them to consult with all the different  sections and leaders of the Liberal party. Leader  Brewster can speak for, his' section, Leader. Macdonald for his, Leader Maxwell Smith for. his.  Leader John Oliver for his, Leader Wade for his  _���������  and so on, but to get the views of the whole  party it will be necessary to get the separate  yiew^of the various leaders and then strike an  Average, So to speak.    -      X'-c '   '"*  THE LATEST MONROE DOCTRINE  G.BEE0E ANP TOT AUJES  THE GREEK KING and the pro-German  press and the German Chancellor have raised a  chorus of wails about the Allies' operations in  Greece and complaining that in using Salonika  as a base they are violating Grecian neutrality.  The Royal duplicity of Constantine of Greece '  is shown when he says he could not go to Serbia's aid and implement his treaty with Serbia,  until the allies had sufficient forces upon the  ground to assure his own country from Hun  invasion, while at the same time he is throwing every obstacle in the way of the allies that  he can. He has some show of right on his side  of the case when-he argues it- would have been  suicidal for his country to gave gone to Serbia's  aid without sufficient backing from the Allies.  But when he throws obstacles in the way by  temporizing with the entente powers, as Bulgaria did, and by blocking the line of communications, and in every way in his power  playing Germany's game, he throws grave doubt  upon his good faith and upon his protestations  of friendship for Serbia.  Under Premier Venizelos, who wanted to carry out the treaty obligations of his country to  Serbia, the Allies were invited to land at Salonika. This course was adopted on the ground  that the Allies were helping Greece to implement her treaty with Serbia.  But the King dismissed Venizelos' proposals  to carry out their treaty obligations and Venizelos resigned. The King repudiated his country's pledge to Serbia and treated it just as  his distinguished brother-in-law, Wilhelm, treated the neutrality guarantee of Belgium.  The allies, having set their hand to the Serbian ploy, at the invitation of the Grecian government, cannot be expected to back down because of the treacherous protest of a man whose  public and private honesty have been impugned  as have those of King Constantine. He has been  openly accused of being a private grafter and his  own public actions stamp him as being possessed  of the same peculiar standard of public honor  as that of his illustrious brother-in-law.  There is no doubt of the sentiments of the  people of Greece- Their sympathies are all with  Serbia and the allies, but their wishes are backed by the petticoat influences exerted over the  King by his wife, the Kaiser's sister:  In the general cleanup of Hdhenzqllerns and  Hapsburgs which will follow the war the people of Greece may have a chore of their own  to do  in that line.  PRESIDENT WILSON'S message to congress has shed a new light upon the attitude*  of the .United States towards the Monroe,.doc-'  trine, or perhaps it would be better to say that  he has reduced the scope to which.ita application has hitherto been regarded in some quarters.  Certain elements in Canada have from time  to time appropriated the Monroe doctrine to  their own purposes. Not long ago Col. Lavergne  said in effect that the Monroe doctrine was a  protecting arm for Canada against German invasion. As a practical measure such' an application of the doctrine is silly rot, for if it were _  not for the British navy the United States could  not apply the Monroe doctrine to her own Atlantic seaboard, let alone to Canada. If, Canada could be invaded by the Germans, New  York would be paying tribute at the same time. ,  But President Wilson's message should put (  at rest any doubt as to the intentions of the  United States to apply the Monroe doctrine to  Canada. He made it perfectly clear that the  doctrine could apply only to "independent"  nations, and that those "independent" nations  lie to the south. Of course the United States  does not regard Canada as an independent na- ,  tion. Although we enjoy the same freedom  and in many respects, we think, a better form  of government than the United States, yet the  fact remains that we-are part of the British Empire and not only are we "dependent" but we  glory in our "dependence" and so purblind to  the advantages of "independence" are we that  we will-continue in our present state of bondage  that is, to bei part of the British Empire, till  the Empire,ceases to exist. X  ���������  > Such being the case, how could the United  States apply the ^qnroe doctrine to Canada"  without-first obtaining the consent of Great  Britain? While Great Britain lasts; under  what conditions could the United States be justified in applying the doctrine to Canada, with-  . out: the consent-of Britain t . None. Then, the  doctrine could be applicable to Canada only  when Great Britain gives her consent to its  application, or when Great Britain ceases to exist or when Canada is no longer a part of the  British Empire.  Great Britain, while she ��������� is mistress of the  seas, need not ask any other power to protect  Canada. When she is no longer mistress of  the seas the United States will have some difficulty in protecting her own shores.  President Wilson's message, read from this  angle, clearly indicates that he and his government regard Canada's destiny to be that of  part of the British Empire, and that so far as  the Monroe doctrine is concerned, its operation  is to be confined to a strict conformity with  that theory.    Prohibition is -a principle recognized in the - -  practice of common law for thousands of years.  ���������   *   ���������  The Government of British Columbia exists  for the purpose of administering the collection  and expenditure of a revenue of twelve million  dollars. The people of'this province spend annually a sum equal to this in intoxicating liquors, hence the demand for its proper "administration" or the abolition of its cause.  .     . .���������-��������� ��������� '������������������" .  Prohibition is a nightmare to the liquor interests only when kept clear of party politics,  otherwise  it  becomes  a recreation���������football.  X J  1 *>  Prohibition can only be carried by votes, and  the vote of an indifferent person counts for as  much as the vote of an enthusiast. We can only  win by winning votes and not by - deliberately  alienating them.  What will it profit us to "carry" prohibition  if it is to be administered by a legislature composed  of  men with a  hostile  sentiment?   Is  it  not necessary to have some "friends in court"?  X    ,���������������������������'��������� ���������-  You can pledge a candidate to support prohibition without dragging in the question of his  r party   affiliation.  Why   not  steer clear of   this  snag? *   *   *  Are the Prohibition leaders so strong, so  wise and so good as to be in a position to abuse  leaders in both political parties without cause?  How much better to stick to Prohibition and,  if possible, win and hold the support of public  men and leaders in both parties?  ���������   ���������   *  The liquor interests are wealthy, powerful  and well organized. They will spend money  lavishly in defence of their cause. Prohibitionists  must do the same; so contribute your mite to  the   nearest  local  organization.     Money talks. The Story of "The Black Watch"  (The material for thie memorandum has been taken from a  short history compiled by Lt.-  Col. John Stewart, late Captain  42nd Battalion   Black   Wa*ch.)  The following is not intended  to be a full history of the Black  Watch, but merely a brief outline of the part played by that  famous organization in some of  the great events of the world's  military history.  Early in the 18th century, an  Act  of Parliament  rendered   it  illegal to carry arms. The penalties for disobeying this Act were  severe   in the   extreme.   Harsh  measures were  necessary  to enforce this regulation in the Highlands, as in those days a man's |  arms   were    almost   considered  part of himself. In order not to  dishonor themselves by remaining unarmed, about 1725, several  of   the   Highland    Clans    each  raised  a company of men.   Collectively, these   companies   were  known    as   "The    Independent  Companies of the Watch" " and  their occupation was that of pat-  .   rolling the Highlands.  As mpst  of the tartans of these companies Mrere of  a dark  shade,  the  name "Dubh" or "Black" was  was   attached    to    the    clan's  name.''   These Independent Companies  accomplished their  work  so thoroughly and well that in  1739, after fourteen years of this  patrol   work,   King George the  Second formed  them into  a regiment  The first Colonel was a Low-  lander, the Earl of Crawford.  The- placing of a Lowlander in  , command, vfas to avoid the jeal-  eras quarrels which would' have  been bound to arise between the  . clans had a Highlander been giv-  . en that position.  On the formation of this new  regiment, the uniform consisted  of a scarlet jacket and twelve  yards of . tartan   plain,   which  formed tne kilt, the, end being  thrown over th| shoulder.    The  government issued certain arms  to, the men,  but they frequently) preferred* to add, to these, by  carrying their own favorite weapons. ,  It.was not until 1745, that the  regiment first went under fire in  Flanders. The first taste of battle was at Fontenoy, but although the French won the victory, it covered itself with honor  by the manner in which it fought  a rearguard action.  In  the   autumn   of  the same  year the  regiment  returned   to  England and the following summer, embarked to take up garrison duty in America. The sailing vessels on which it set out,  were, however, no match for the  Atlantic storms. After being driven  back several times, the project was abandoned and shortly  after, the Black Watch was stationed at Limerick, tt next proceeded to Flanders for the second time but only remained there i  about a year, afte whirch it was!  once more stationed in Ireland.  After  its  return   to Ireland, in  1749, both the number and the  name  were changed and  it was  called the 32nd or Highland Regiment.  In 1750 the Regiment proceeded on active service for the third  time and landed in America, to  aid in the war between the British and: the French. For several  months after landing, its time  was taken up in learning Indian  methods of warfare, a very scientific form of the modern extended order.  Owing to the lamentable condition of the Intelligence Department under General Abercrombie  at Ticonderoga, the British were  surprised to find an almost impregnable fortress, strongly fortified with abatis, instead of an  undermanned post. During the  subsequent attack on the fortress  the 42nd was kept in the reserve. .Finally, the men rushed  headlong at*the fortress, hacking their way through the aba-  is with their broadswords. The  casualties were heavy, but the  1 Highlanders kept pressing on and  it was not until the retreat had  been sounded for the third time  that they finally retired.  Jn 1758 the title of "Royal"  was conferred on the 42nd. In  the same year, authority was.given for the raising of a second  Battalion, which after many years  of service as such, became in 1786  the 73rd    Highland    Regiment.  AND  oo youb gBomyq eably  GIVE 80METHINO ELECTRICAL  THAT'S THE POINT  Tou are thinking now of gifts���������of something of beauty  which will be a Joy to tho fortunate recipient.  And for some dew friend you plan a remembrance that  4he will us* daily with recurring pleasure and thoughts of  the   giver.  Note bow completely electrical appliances combine usefulness with giftineis.  Let us  show  you.  Salesrooms:  Carrall and'Hastings Sts.  1138 Granville St., near Davie  Phone Seymour  sow  "Pride of the West"  BRAND���������  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING .  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  ..  By x.  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Thereafter, until the year 1809,  the 42nd and the 73rd. were uniformed alike. But in that year  the 73rd was ordered to discontinue the use of the Highland  dress, an order which caused  much dissatisfaction. \ In 1882,  however, it returned to the regiment of its birth, resumed the  Black Watch uniform and became the 2nd Battalion of that  /regiment.  In 1759, the 73rd took part in  the attack on Martinique, and  the expedition against Gaudel-  oupe, after which it proceeded to  North America and joined forces  rwith the First Battaljpn at Oswego.  In August, 1760, both battalions were present at the capture  ture of Montreal. For a year  both battalions were stationed  in that city until called on to  join the expedition to the "West  Indies, resulting in the capture  of the Windward   Islands.  The following year, 1762, both  battalions took part in the capture of Havannah, after which  all the men  of  the  2nd  battalion who were fit, were drafted  into the first battalion, thus making the two battalions into one. -  After four years, spent in various   expeditions   against the Indians, the    regiment    embarked  and   reached   Cork   in October,  1767.    By that time, it was a regiment   in   name   only,   having  lost  970 men during  the  seven  years  in  America and many  of  the   men   having remained   behind.  In 1768 a Royal warrant altered the colors of the regiment and  gave it the motto "memo me<im-  pune lacessit."  By this, time the Black Watch  had such an enviable reputation  in the Highlands for ..bravery,  that filling the ranks was a. very  simple matter; in fact, in order  to recruit more easily, recruiting parties of other regiments  frequently appeared in the'  Black Watch uniform. ..  For eight years the regiment  was quartered in Ireland, but in  1775 it returned to Scotland after an absence of thirty-two  years.  It was not destined to remain  at home long, for the summer of  1776. saw it embark, 1,000 strong  for America to help in settling  the. war of Independence.     En  route, one of the transports was  captured  by an American vessel and a   prize   crew   put   in  charge:   This   trick   of   fortune  was more than irritating to the  officers and   men of   the   regiment, the, result being-that the  vessel came into  port with the  American prize crew under the'  hatches. On the arrival in* port,  the ship was again captured by  the   Americans,   and  the   Highlanders were kept prisoners for  two years, till exchanged.     The  other   transports   fared     better  and  landed their men  safely on  Staten Island, from whieh place  they   started out   on   a.   seven  years'   campaign.   Some   of the  dfferent battles n whch they were  engaged were Brooklyn, Brandy-  wine,   Germantown,   Monmouth,  the  siege   of  Charlestown    and  Yorktown. The record states that  there were many desertions from  other Corps  during this period,  but   only   one   from   the Black  Watch.'  1794 was a memorable year for  the Highlanders, for in that year  they won the Red Hackle or Feather, which they wear in their  headdress to this day. The manner of winning it Avas this: On  the night of December 31st; the  42nd, which was then stationed-at  Kiel, received orders to march  towards Bommel, about 20 miles  distant on,.. the River Waal.  Reaching there about 4 a.m., the  regiment rested till daylight,  then drove the French across the  river on the ice. During the day,  the French forced the Highlanders to retire north towards the  village of Guildermanseix, where  a Light Dragoon Regiment with  two   field guns was   ordered   to  cover the retreat. This Dragoon  Regiment failed to follow out its  orders and their guns fell into  the hands of the French. Then  the 42nd was ordered to advance  and retake the guns; this  command was carried out immediately, the  men of the 42nd dragging back the guns by hand as  the horses  had  been cut away.  For this  daring exploit,  officers  and men of the 42nd  each  received  a  red hackle; while  the  Light Dragoon was deprived of  its red plume and given a white  one  with a  yellow  tip  instead.  Such a badge as the Red Hackle  was naturally coveted by other  regiments, but in 1822, a circular was issued to every commanding officer, stating that the red  hackle was to be worn by none  other than the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment.  In   1781    the   2nd   battalion,  which in 1786 received the numeral 73rd, was sent to South Africa,  but    the    trouble   having  blown   over   by the   time they  reached there, it was ordered to  India,   and landed   in   Bombay  during  February,   1782.   In the  Defence  of Mangalore  the  73rd  formed  part of  the garrison  of  400 British and 1,500 Sepoys, and  kept a large army of French and  natives, under Tipppo Sahib, at  bay for three months,  although  surrender was  finally necessary.  So bravely had the 73rd borne  themselves that the names "Mysore" and    "Mangalore"   were  added to those on the colours.  Bight years later the 73rd took  part in the war against Mysore,  which resulted in the defeat of  Tippoo Sahib. '  A������ few years later,,the 73rd  saw some fighting in Ceylon and  remained there till 1799, when it  sailed for, Madras. Once more,  and this time finally, it took part  in the litter deieat of Tippoo Sahib, and for this exploit "Ser-  ingapatam" was added to the  colours.  After sis? years more in India,  the 73rd was moved back to  England in 1806 and on the formation of the second battalion  the following year, the First Battalion was moved to Perth.  Much to the regret,' or even  rage, of the Scotch regiments, in  1809 the Highland uniform was  abolished and it was not until  1882 that the 73rd wore it again.  At Quatre Bras, the 42nd and  73rd combined lost 341 and at  Waterloo,   39.  In 1821, the 73rd returned to  England. During the following  long term, of peace, the regiment was stationed in Scotland,  England, Ireland and various  ports in the Mediterranean, the  Channel Islands and in Canada,  where it assisted in checking xthe  rebellion of 1837. -....'        *���������    -  In 1845-46 it was engaged^ in  the defence of Montevidea against  an Argentine army. *  The next active service was in  South Africa, which place was  reached after the transport ship  the "Apollo," had nearly been  wrecked. On this occasion, as on  many others, the men of the 73rd  behaved with such coolness, that  the Duke of Wellington mentioned their conduct in a General Order. From the time of its  arrival, in 1846, onwards, the  regiment was chiefly engaged in  suppressing the Kaffirs.  During the Kaffir war an incident occurred which won -world  wide admiration and respect for  the 73rd, namely, the wreck of  the "Birkenhead." On board  were fifty-six men and officers  of the 73rd and these .men were  lined up on the quarter deck,  while the ship was sinking..The  women and children were placed  safely in the life, boats���������ten minutes later the ship broke in two  ���������-the captain advised all to jump  overboard and attempt to reach  shore; but the officers of the 73rd  reminded their men that this  would endanger th^ women and  children and not a man moved  from the ranks  while the vessel  Friday,   December  10,   1915  Phone Seymour 8l7l  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  ���������>      oh hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  THE BAKER  IS PROUD  OF "AVW  5c  Full  Pound  Loaf  He knows, only, the very purest and best in;-  gredients are used in it���������he,, knows what care  and thoroughness is taken to turn out a* beautiful crisp, brown bread withv'a soft but firm  centre white as snow. He knows it cannot help  but be wholesome ahd delicious. Order a trial  loaf  at  your  store, or  delivered  fresh   daily.  Telephone Fairmont 44.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of Wrapped Butter-Nut Bread.  went under water. This example  of discipline so strongly impressed Emperor William the First  of Germany, that he ordered an  account of it to be read to every  regiment under his command, on  three distinct occasions.  Following this, the regiment  returned home; but, in 1858, arrived in Benares to fight in the  Indian Mutiny. During the Mutiny, it was broken up into detachments and acively engaged  till the finish, in 1861, when it assembled at Dinapur. In that same  year it embarked for England,  and on its, return, received the  official title, 73rd Perthshire Regiment.  From that period till it returned to the 42nd regiment, as  the Second Battalion, the history of the 73rd i-T uneventful as  compared with the foregoing. It  was moved from England to Ireland, then to Hong. JCong and  Ceylon. Afterwards to India, finally returning to England in  1881; when it once more became  the 2nd battalion of the 42nd.  At Tet-e^-Kebir, in 1882, the  1st Battalion distinguished - itself  by its heroic work as part of  the Highland Brigade under Sir  Garnet "Wolseley.  On March 12th, 1884, the 1st  Battalion took part in the attempt to relieve General Gordon at Khartoum. After this  successful expedition, the 1st Battalion was stationed in Cairo till  1888f in which year it was sent  to MaltaT During the stay in  Malta, the wearing of the Royal  Stuart Tartan, by the pipers,  was sanctioned by Her Majesty  Queen Victoria; this custom had  been discontinued in 1882 when  the 73rd reunited with the 42nd.  While the 1st Battalion Xvas  fighting in Egypt, the 2nd Battalion was employed in breaking up riots in Ireland from 1888  til 1892 was stationed at Belfast  and Limerick and after that, at  Glasgow  and Edinburgh.  About 1893, the 1st battalion  was moved from Gibraltar, part  to Mauritius and part to Cape  Colony,-while, a small detachment  was sent against the natives of  Matabeleland.  battalion assembled and proceed-]  ed to Bombay; after which it wa^  moved! from place to place in  dia till 1901, when ,it ?eceive<  orders to set out for active ser-  vice in South Africa.  On the outbreak of the Boerj  War, tbe 2nd Battalion (the old I  73rd), was t>ne of the first units!  to leave England for the front.  It landed at Cape Town on November 14th, 1899, and formed,  part  of the Highland Brigade,  under Major General Wauchope;  tbe whole being in the 1st division under JJord Methuen.  After entering Bloemfontein,  in the words of the regimental  historian, "Hard 'marching, occasional fighting in the Orange  Free State, was the lot of the  Black Watch for the next six  months.''~ On "July 12tb7 I960,  the battalion marched 34 miles  in 151-2 hours. The battalion  was employed on detachment duty  for the remainder of. the war,  finally joining the 1st battalion  at Harrismith in June; 1902;  from whence the 1st Battalion  was sent home to Edinburgh and  the 2nd to Umballa.  For the part the Black Watch  played in.the Boer War, "South  Africa 1899-1902" and "Paarde-  berg" were added to the regimental colours.  In 1904 the 5th Royal Higb>  landers of Canada became an  allied regiment of the Black  Watch. Since that date the2bonds  of sympathy and friendship between the regiment of the Black  Watch. Since that date the bonds  ers of Canada have been stren-  gthened by frequent communications. X  At   Mauritius, the   whole   1st  "A young lady in Vancouver  put a note in a pair of socks she  had knit asking the soldier who  get them to write her. She received a letter from a man in a '  northern logging camp stating  that he had bought the socks,  for 65 cents, whieh goes to show  that there are some skunks working for charitable and patriotic  funds," says the Rocanviile  (Sask.) Record. The matter cannot be permitted to rest there.  Who was the skunk ?���������Toronto  Globe.    -  x .-��������������������������� ���������������������������M-ii-  Friday,   December   10,   1915  Imp  As America Looks toward England  Besides? settling the foolish uric* "that Lord Kitchener   went  lo India to suppress a great in-  lurection there, Mt. Asquith and  Uher members  of the  Coalition  government in Great Britain outlined  clearly the purposes    and  hopes of the allies in speeches at  (the Lord Mayor's banquet. The  innual Lord Mayor's procession  lad already exhibited a new England. Colonials in khaki, escorting  captured  German  guns,  instead  )f    Beefeaters;    drummers  and  >ipers    enlisting    recruits;    air  [craft  guns   and  soldiers in the  (habiliments of  the trenches, instead of in bearskin shakos, and  J a solemn service of prayer  for  the "nation in St. Paul's churchyard���������was   there    ever    before  such  a Lord Mayor's  show? It  must have  been typical of the  [ new resolution of the British na-  Ition. Certainly the addresses at  the banquet���������the feast itself being shorn of its rich meats and  costly   wines   in   token   of the  stress of the nation���������betokened  a people bent upon eventual vic-  i tory at whatever sacrifice and regardless of the time it takes tp  win it. There was no vainglorious boasting, but only solid determination.   Mr.   Asquith     expressed   it   best   when he said:  "Be the  journey long or  short,  we  shall  not  falter  nor  pause  [until  we  have secured  for  the  smaller   states   of.  Europe their  charter of independence and fbr  Europe itself its final emancipation from a reign of force.'' That  I is* the thought which keeps the  [Sentiment of  America  with the  Allies���������the looking forward to an  end at the- allies' hands, of the  | menace of force which parses the  bounds of Europe and threatens  the whole world.  But how amazing the sacrifice  required! Following the declarations at this banquet 'the British government has called for a  new credit from parliament -^-a  credit whieh makes the aggregate  appropriations of the British parliament for the prosecution of  this war mount up to $8,310,000,-  000. For this war little Britain  with a national wealth muoh less  than that of the United' States  has already taxed herself, eight  times the entire national debt of  this country, and stands ready,  if such a thing be possible, v to  tax herself as much more. Rich  men pay half their incomes to;  -the maintenance .of the warf poor  ' tn    I HV..   I  TIMBER STATEMENT  men do more, for they sacrifice  every chance they have in civil  life and flock to give their lives  to the nation: It is a tremendous  spectacle of patriotic devotion,  when all is said and done.  It is, .moreover, devotion desperately needed, for the hopes of  the allies' success in the struggle  rests on' just this entire and (logged devotion, which must exhaust the enemy rather than defeat him. At this moment the  military situation in the quarter  wbich is attracting most attention, the Balkan field, is nothing  less than desperate for the allies. They have a prospect there  of being driven into the water  before long. Their troops seem to  be too late to hold back the Teu-  tonic-Bulgarian tide. There are  grains of , hope, as in the new  landing of British and French  troops that have been made at  Salonica, in the announcement of  continued "benevolent neutrality  on the part of the new Greek  government, and in the increasing signs of. exhaustion on the  part of the Germans. But in the  main, the allies' task, west and  east, remains the task of bleeding Germany to death by a slow  process of sapping. To pay and  pay and pay, and keep at clenches���������that, is the essence of the  great war, for the patient Briton and Frenchman.  "America does not, could not,  behold this spectacle without  sympathy. We should have trod  den blood into the snows of Valley Forge in vain, and walked indifferently instead of in deep  devotion' with Lincoln through  the darkest days of the Civil  War, if we did not feel keenly  the passage of theh British nation  through this gerat and supreme  test. We should be deaf to the  call of every great sentiment  that has ever inspired us���������the  love of liberty, the spirit of self  governing independence, the hat  red of military dominance, the  will to win in the world as the  result by the self-directed energy  and thrift of. the man at the  plough or at. the till���������if we did  not feel a profound and most  sympathetic emotion when we  see Britain confronting this crisis so bravely. There is a disposition to aid where aid is possible,  and; none to, hamper or defeat  America will wait, and wish Eng-  4and^wellvXBostonTransoriptx  The timber statement for the  month of October, issued by the  department of lands, shows that  the total scale-'of sawlogs for the  province amounted to 52,164,364  feet board measure, in addition  to 123,733 lineal feet of. piles  and poles, and 14,859 cords of  ties, shingle bolts and fence  posts. The sawlogs sealed in the  various districts are as follows:  Vancouver, 30,252,786 ft.; Cranbrook, 9,689,487 ft.; Nelson, 5,-  401,713 ft.; Island, 4,267156 ft.;  Prince Rupert, 1,637,105 ft.; Vernon, 746,248 ft. Cranbrook district recorded 49,175 lineal ft.  piles and poles; Vancouver 41,-  405 lineal feet., and Nelson 20,-  340 lineal ft. Timber sales re  corded during the month cover an  estimated total of 7,656,000 ft.,  sawlogs, to produce a total es  timated revenue of $10,817.  FIRE PREVENTION  AT CHRISTMAS TIME  ihell; good literature, Mr. A.  Swan; floral and visiting, Miss  M. Campbell and tyiss E. T.  Scott; Sunday School, Miss E.  Gow; pastor's aid, Mr. Duncan  Campbell; pianist, Miss S. W.  McKenzie, assistant, Miss R. Mitchell; rep. to local union, Mr. J.  McCallum,'Mr. P. E. Lesher and  Mr. Duncan Campbell; press reporter, Mr. Alex. Moore.  .KITCHENER'S   CAREER  cmEcmoroF RENTS  You know the maxim. If you want anything attended to, get a  person who is busy to do it. Our Rental Department devotes all its  time to the management of our clients' property, and the collection  of rents of every description.  North West Trust Company, limited  E. B. MOaOAN, PEESIDBNT  609  RICHABDS  STREET.  PHONE, SEY. 746T  =W  At the approach of the Christ  mas season a word of warning  may be given in  regard to  the  hazards of Christmas decorations  and .entertainments. /  It is customary to decorate  homes, stores, churches, and  schools. Decorations take fire  readily and spread fire rapidly.  The dangers can be avoided by  carefulness in the selection and  arrangement of material and by  watchfulness. Carelessness may  cause loss of life as well as of  property.  It lis Careless  To tamper with electric wiring  to produce displays.  To hang inflammable' material  where it touches or may be  pushed or blown against stovepipes, steam-pipes, lamps, gas,  or electric lights.  To allow the inexperienced and  thoughtless to do the decorating.  To allow paper and rubbish to  accumulate owing to pressure  of business.  To allow smoking where there  are flimsy decorations.  Christmas Trees.  Don't put cotton beneath  the  tree   to represent   snow.   Use'  mineral or asbestos.  Don't use celluloid ornaments  in decorating.  Don't allow  children to  light  candles on a tree, or touch the  tree. Clothing is frequently set  on fire by permitting this.  ~Doti T ieaW~ipatches~whwe children can get them and undertake to light candles.  Don't remove gifts from the  tree while candles are lighted.  It Vis safer not to put gifts on  the tree. Watch the tree.   Be  i prepared for emergencies.  A DETACHMENT OF ^. O. HORSE  The   following   are the significant dates in Lord Kitchener's  career:  1850,  June 3ft  Born  at s Bally-  longford, County Kerry.  1868, Entered Woolwich Academy  1870. Served as private in army  of Loire (French) against the  Germans.  1871. Became lieutenant in the  Royal Engineers.  1874.   Under the Palestine Explo  ration   Fund obtained   survey  work in Palestine.  1878.  Surveyed Cyprus.  1882. Served as major through  Egyptian campaign.   '  1885. Nile expedition'for relief  of Gordonr; won -Gordon's  praise in his "Journal" as a  very superior officer."  1888. Dangerously wounded in  the jaw at Handub, near Sua-  kirn.  1892. 'Sirdar (Commander in  Chief) of the Egyptian Army.  1896. April .8. Dervishes defeated at the Athara.  1898. Sept: 2: Battle of Omdur-  man; rout of the Mahdi; fall,  of Khartoum.  1898. Sept. 19. Meeting with  Major Marchaud at Fashoda;  raised to the Peerage.  1899. Chief of the Staff to Lord  Roberts in South Africa.  1900. Commander-in-Chief, South  Africa.    &  1902.  Concluded peace at Ver-  eeniging;   received   viscounty  and grant of 250,000. 4  1902-9.  Commander in Chief in  India.  1905.  His insistence on his au-  v  thority led to  resignation  of  the Viceroy, Lorii Curzon.  1911.  British Agent and Consul-  General in Egypt.  1914.  Aug. 5. Secretary of State  for war.  V. C. AT ROYAL BEDSIDE  Bis Majesty's Effort to fie the  Ifodai  "What that boy undertakes he  will see through. He is no quitter." My friend was right. That  boy has the reputation of staying -by anything he undertakes  until he has accomplished, it.  "That's a clean boy���������clean  morally," said another man.  "How do you know?" I asked  "Shows it in his face," he replied. "A boy whose thoughts  are continually impure or whose  life has a muddy stream in it  soon betrays it in his face. It  may not show right away, but it  will show sooner or later."  I told him too, that he was  right, for I knew the boy well  and believe he is morally clean.  "That boy is gentle and kind,"  said a lady to whom I showed  the picture. She was right, too.  Yet there was a time when this  *ame boy was rough and unkind,  and even cruel.- His face then  didn't show gentleness and kindness.  The more I thought about the  photograph, the more I studied  the faces of. boys as they came  before me. What a study it is!  Hereto a1 boy who used to have  such a fine, manly face; now it  looks coarse, and heayy. What  had happened? Well, it doesn't  take much, study to find out���������  many things have- come into his  life which are hurting him, and  his face tells the story.  What does your face showf  Be sure, that folks are reading  it, reading it like a book. Be  sure, too; that it shows what it  going on^ inside���������in the inner  life. The face tells the story of  the thought life; the thought  life, after all, is the real life.  If, as you look in the glass,  your face tells the story of some  things you would rather not  have folks know, about, remember that it isn't the face you  need to think about; it's the  thing back therein your life that  finds reflection in your face.  What does,your face show?  AN APPEAL  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-porbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  Mt. Pleasant Y. P. S. C. E.  I'm only a cavalry^ charger,  And I'm- dying as fast as I can  (For my body is riddled with bul-  lets���������  They've potted both me and my  man);  And though I've  no words to  express it,  I'm trying this message to tell  To kind folks who work for the  Red Cross��������� v    ^  Oh, please help the Blue one as  well!  My master was one in a thousand  And I loved him with all this  *������������������  poor heart  (For horses are built just like  humans,  Be   kind  to   them���������they'll do  their part);  So please send out help for our   ,  wounded,  And  aivo us a word in your  - prayers;  This isn't so  strange  as you'd  fancy���������  The Russians do it in theirs:;    "* -  I'm only a cavalry'charger. v "'  - . -. ��������� ~~���������!-, ��������� -ii   '*   -iTHii Hi _-'���������-.**  And   my   eyes   are , becoming  quite dim i   ;' [K : '\  (I really don't mind, though I'm  done for," . . ������ , v    "A ��������� '-;  So long as I'm going to hw);:  But first I would plead for my'  comrades,  Who're   dying and   suffering,  too��������� y  Oh, please help the poor wounded horses,  I'm   sure that you   would���������if.  you knew.       ���������Scots Greys.  A Splendid Assortment of  Christmas Cards  at The WESTERN CALL  OFFICE at prices within  your reach.   SOS Kingsway  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  The regular meeting of the  above society was held Monday  evening at the usual hour. The  topic, "Golden Fruit from the  Prayer Life," was taken by Mrs  A.~E. Mitchell, who gave a very  interesting paper on it.  At the close of the meeting the  annual election of officers took  place. The following were elected : Hon. Pres., Mr. Duncan  Campbell; president, Miss J. M.  Robertson; 1st" vice7pres., Mr.1  Roy Hunter; 2nd vice-pres., Mr.  Graham Bruce;" corresponding  secretary, Miss J. M. Robertson;  recording secretary, Miss K.  Black; treasurer and financial  secretary, Miss M. Story; convenors���������Prayer meeting, Miss. C.  McKenzie arid Miss R. Mitchell;  lookout, Miss M. Scott and Mr.  A. McCallum; missionary, Miss  Emery and Mr. Pr G. Stewart;  social, Mr. Geo. Kent and Mrs.  Small; temperance, Mr. J. Mc-  Calliim and Miss Small; music,  Miss, I. Caspell and Miss R. Mit-  ,One of the most moving episodes of the war is the *way in  which^the^King, awhile -lying; ill  in the hospital train in France,  decorated Lance-Sergeant Oliver  Brookes; 3rd Coldstream Guards,  with the V. C. Lance Sergeant  Brodkes led a bombing party on  October 8 and recaptured a  trench held by the Germans, and  his Majesty expressly wished to  decorate the soldier before he  left for England.  Lance-Sergeant Brookes was  led to the bedside of the King in  the hospital train. He knelt on  the floor arid bent over the bed.  Then it was seen that the King  had over-rated his strength. His  Majesty had insufficient strength  to push the pin through the stiff  khaki of the soldier's coat. He  tried,pluckily, but the effort was  too great for him to complete the  task unaided.  Lance-Sergeant Oliver Brookes,  who is only twenty-six years of  age, was born at Midsomer Nor  ton, a mining village of Somerset.  iii  IT A GIFT  WHAT DOES YOUR  FACE   SHOW?  A few years ago I received the  photograph of a boy friend of  mine, who is now away at school.  It was an interesting photograph,  and I showed it to a number of  friends. ������  "That face shows determination,"   said    the    first    friend  OF GENUINE USEFULNESS  When you give a Christmas Gift, you  want to give something that will be appreciated.  What is better than a telephone?  All the year round it is there to be  used. It is never put on the mantel or on  a shelf and forgotten. It is as valuable  at the last of the year as when first given.  Every day it saves many steps, many little worries.  Perhaps you have a telephone in your  home? An extension upstairs will save  running down when a call comes in.  Our Sales Department will be glad to  help you.  TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 6070  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited  .-V'  X'l  --- XX l  '      4      4/liV. THB WESTERN CALL  .Friday,   December, 10,' 1915  W  n  K  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H. STEVENS, M. P.  PUBLISHED EVEEY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  G. F. GIBSON TO BR ORGANIZER  IT, IS VERY SATISFACTORY and encouraging to know that Mr. G. F. Gibson is to be  the new organizer of the Prohibition movement.  He has taken a strong stand "against party affiliation and -it is to be regretted that his views  did not prevail at the convention. All impartial  persons will, however, welcome this appointment 'as a gleam of hope that the .unfortunate  "instructions" of the convention to the executive may not be carried out, and that, on mature  reflection, they will realize, that Mr.V Gibson'8  view is the correct one.  THE NAVY'S GREAT WORK  In his recent speech in the British Commons  Premier Asquith spoke of the conspicuous services rendered by the Royal Navy's experts in  meeting the submarine menace, not only in home  waters but in the operations in the Near East.  He gave credit to the inventive genius of Lord  Fisher for devising specially constructed ships  to cope with the danger in the Aegean sea, vessels built in anticipation of the attacks of submarines on the British warships that at the outset -��������� assisted in the attacks on Gallipoli. These  are vessels of the monitor type and they have  done magnificent work in those waters. The  navy, said the premier, had risen superior to all,  1 difficulties and had been able to maintain the  communication of the, army ihtici ���������  SENTIMENT AGAINST GERMANY  The American press is growing more and  more hostile to Germany, evidence of increasing  bitterness being apparent almost every-day.. The'  administration at Wiwhington is still '.'watchfully  waiting,"but day by day the dissatisfaction with  that attitude is'growing. Some of the New York  papers, particularly, are leading the way in a  demand for decisive American action. Every  action to Germany hostile to the United States  brings more vigorous and hitter rejoinders.  The New York Herald thus summarizes the  latest marine atrocity, the sinking of the Ancona:  "This crowning act of ferocity, surpassing the  cruelty of red Indians, has shocked the world:",'  And again:  ���������-- - "Thisfresh crime is a reminder to Americans  that Germany's methods of warfare are a blot  upon civilization; that her work is a lie."  The Herald says Germany, was ashamed to'  commit this second crime in her own name therefore she used the Austrain flfcg.  The position of the United States is difficult  in many ways, but its sentiment is sound enough  now, at any rate.  BULGARIANS DISTRUST GERMANS  NEWSPAPERS of Bulgaria, says the correspondent at Saloniki of the Petit Parisien, are  declaring that the Bulgarian army, having conquered Serbian Macedonia, Bulgaria should be  satisfied with its triumph, and seeing that Thrace  is being retained by the Turks should not add  to the fears of the Serbians.  In fact, the correspondent quotes he Bui  tgarian newspapers as saying here are now seven  Turkish divisions at Sufli, northeast of Dedea-  gatch, one division at Mustapha Pasha, one division at Varna and one each at Burgas and  Constantinople/The Bulgarian newspapers, the  correspondent says, are strongly insisting that  the question of Thrace has not been definitely  settled and that with is Germany's support, Turkey in Europe should be replaced within theV  limits in which she was-confined in 19il. The  correspondent adds: X  "After the misunderstanding on this subject  continues and in view of the recent speech, made  by Premier. Radosavoff pf Bulgaria>; in ��������� which  he declared that Thrace should be Bulgarian,  the prophecy of ex-Preinier Venizelos.of GreeceV  may yet be realized that the Bulgarians in the  .end may be found fighting on the side of those  they formerly attacked."  CARNEGIE FORTUNE MERE $20,000,000  New York, Dec. 10���������Andrew Carnegie has  a fortune to-day of $20,000,000. Of the vast  wealth' which the ironmaster possessed when he  started, giving away his fortune twenty years ago'  in conformity with his principle of. dying poor,  that is &VL1 he has left. He is now fair down on  the list of America's millionaires.  Mr. Carnegie has given away about $350,000-  000. If interest were to be included on some of.  nearly $400,000,000. This sum he has given away  the funds he has set aside, the total would reach  in pursuance of his belief, as expressed by' Dr.  Henry S. Pritchett, president of the Carnegie  Foundation, in his address Wednesday in Pits-  burg, that the man who dies possessed of great  wealth and who devotes no part of it to���������the public use failed in life.  The fortune of $20,000,000 which Mr Carnegie  has left he has devised in his will almost entirely  to charity. Very little will go to his family.  Thus, when his will is made public, it will be  found that he really made good hia boast of  dying poor.  FIGHTING THE GOOD FIGHT  THE UNITARIANS have put a,ban ,on the  hymns Onward Christian Coldiers and The Son  of God Goes Forth to Warf because1 they savor  of militarism.1 What will "they do with that  famous passage in St. Paul's writings where he  urges upon Christians to "put on the whole armor of God," and to "fight the good fight."���������  Hamilton Herald.  tamonnt to an American army of more than 6,j  500,000,- based on present estimates of popula-j  tion���������Montreal Herald. \    '   :��������� . .ii i  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS SHOW  > REMARKABLE  INC1  THE  ALLIANCE  IN  QUEBEC  THE OTHER DAY Mr. Armand Lavergne  addressed a meeting in the province of Quebec,  at which he retailed his stock arguments against  participation by Canada in .the wars of the Empire. He declared that it was not the duty'of  the Dominion to defend England. He held that  - there was conscription in Canada, since while enlistment was voluntary the payment of taxes  was compulsory. He also revived the. Ontario  ���������school question, and insisted that there would  be no cessation' of "the struggle until French  was established on an equality with English all  over the Dominion.  The Globe vigorously repudiated the statement, in the press despatches that the- meeting  which Mr. .Lavergne addressed was held under.  Liberal auspices. But Mr. Lavergne himself now  says "the demonstration was convoked by. the  Liberal Association of St. Stanislas and all the1  local leaders of the country occupied seats on  the platform. In spite, therefore, of what has  been said to the effect that the Nationalists are  a wing of the Conservative party, we haveno^  thing whatever to do with the Conservative  party. "-���������Toronto News. ,   *  .    GERMAN PEACE TALK  THE GERMAN CHANCELLOR blames Brit- "  ain for the destruction of Belgium and Serbia.  He says these two countries were un4er Britain's protection.    Belgium was quite as much  under the protection of Germany as she was  under that of Britain.    Germany was a party  to"the.treaty protecting the neutrality of Belgium.   Germany planned and prepared for years  in advance to violate the neutrality of Belgium.  England did nothing to prepare for war. The(,  people  of Britain  could  not   convince them-'  .selves   that Germany was   contemplating   this,  monstrous assault upon civilization.   And whiley  official Britain and military Britain had their ,  doubts and misgivings they could not impose  , their conclusions upon a self-governing people l  without forcing a preparation-which  would have  been  tantamount  to a   challenge to Germany,  and in any event would bave been so construed  by the war seeking autocracy of that country.  Such a step would have precipitated the war  only a few years before it was bound to come.  Britain could have stood aside and with fair  sophistry have claimed that as Germany, one *  of the parties to the guarantee of Belgium's  neutrality, had seen fit to repudiate the guarantee, it was no longer binding on Britain. But  sophistry combined with national dishonor is  not part of the British philosophy, and Britain  entered the war unprepared, except on the sea.  Her superb naval readiness saved France and  herself from annihilation, and in the end Belgium and Serbia. will be avenged, and so far  as humanly possible, they will be redressed.  With sickening effrontery the German Chancellor re-asserts that the war was forced upon  Germany and that she is fighting a war of defence. Strange that this defence war is being  fought in nearly every country; including those  of neutrals, outside of Germany. No defense  of Germany is being fought within the borders  of Germany because there has been no invasion  of Germany yet. Von Bethmann Holweig is  slightly premature in saying it is a defense war "  for Germany. That it will be a defense war he  may be well assured.  He tells the world that Germany is prepared to accept terms of peace suitable to Germany-  The allies will dictate the terms of peace, and  it is not likely they will be acceptable to Germany. Germany's wishes in the matter will  not be consulted., XNeither the German Chan-  ; ;cellor, nor the German Emperor, nor any of  the Prussian war lords will be consulted. They-  will be subject to the peace terms, not makers  of them. Britain's aifewer to the ^Chancellor's  peace pronouncement is a call for another million men.  THE   WORLD'S WHEAT CROP 1915  THE FOLLOWING TABLE contains the official estimates of the yield of wheat in" the countries which have reported:  1915 1914  Hungary     151,407,000 105,144,000  Bulgaria        46,212,000 29,414,000  Denmark  ....,       4M7,000 5,788,000  Spain       144,'l60,000 116,090,000  France  ..:    237,806,000 289,185,000  Great Britain and Ireland ..    75,678,000 62,434,000  Jtaly    172,695,000 169,444 000  Luxemburg            516,000 613/100  Netherlands'       6,216,000 5,380,000  Boumania    .' J.  108,761,000 46,296,000  Russia  in Europe    764,975,000 580 300,000  Switzerland       3,880,000 3J278,000  Canada       336,258,000 161,280,000  United  States   1,002,029,000 891,017,000  Thou    ���������,������������������-    383}376,000 311,688,000  Japan         23,669,000 21,645,000  Bussia in Asia     143,849,000 179,348,000  Egypt.      39,148,000 32,832,000  Tunis    ,     11,023,000 2,205 000  ������������������������������������������������������������������������ .t���������  Total  .'. 3,656,575,000 3,013,379,000  WHAT IT .MEANS  CANADA has every reason to be proud of the  part her sons are taking in the war. When the  full army of 250,000 men has been raised and  equipped���������as it will be shortly���������it will be tantamount to the United States enlisting, arming and  equipping in the same period of time an army of  more than 3,000,000 men. If Canada's contingent  reaches half a million, as it may. it will be tan-  Ottawa,   Dec.   1.���������Customs  receipts for th���������  month of November show a remarkable increase  over those'of November, 1914.  During the moo-j  th the duties of 9,138,000, which probably con-;  ���������stitutes a record. In November, 1914, the collections amounted to only $5,160,000.    For the]  eight months of the fiscal year ended November,]  30, the, customs yeilded a total revenue of $62,-1  288,000, as compared with $53,910,000 for thef  same period in 1914, an increase of $8,378,000.  PROHIBITION  (Continued from Page One)  ests demanded a vote for the repeal of the prohibitory law, on the grounds that public opinion  had changed T Would not a government be quite  justified in grantirig the request? And would  we not be inclined to demand that it be postponed until the ''next election?" But our  hands would be tied, having secured the vote  for the bill in the same way.  We do not advance this as our position on  the question, but rather as the argument of  scores of citizens among whom are many quite  favorable to prohibition. It also goes to show  that the details of "time" and "form" are not  so important as the "principle" for which we  are contending.  To'make any political alliance���������Grit,'Tory,  Socialist or Labor���������is to force a solid, militant  liquor party into our opponent's camp, ��������� while  the history of the temperance people is that  they will always split on a party question.  Some of these things do not sound well, but the  facts are too well known to require demonstration.  IF   FOWLS   COULD   SPEAK  TO OUR BRITISH HEROES  1. I believe in "early to bed  and early to rise," so do please  open my door early in the morp-  at other times I'll let you knew  ting��������� at daybreak in winter time;  when I 'ra ready myself.  2. On cold, frosty days'I like  warm mush with a little mustard for my breakfast; 'some  corn suits' me very well when it  'is warmer. J like an early break  fast���������6.30 in summer and 7.30  in winter, if you please.  3. For dinner give me corn. I  just love to scratch about, so if  you don't mind, scatter it  amongst some straw in my  scratching shed.  , 4. I haven't any teeth, and can  not possibly digest my food unless you give me plenty of flint  and shell grit to grind it in my  _iop._Put_it in a box wherel can  net nt it easily, please.  5. Give me fresh water at least  once daily in a clean vessel^ and  add a little Epsom salts to it  now and then to keep "my blood  tvol.  fi. I can't get along without  gieca stuff, so give me plenty ol  it.  7. face a-sunk'i'i box filled with  ashes in my run; this is my bath.  8. Whitewash the inside of my  house twice a year, for though I  am fowl I do not like my house  to  be the  same.  0. Clean out my bedroom daily  and sprinkle fine ashes under my  pillow.  10. When the sun sets give me  as much corn as I can eat, so that  I may sleep peacefully.  , 11.rAbove all, please be "punctual with my meals.  12. If you do as I ask I will  promise to do my part and pror  vide you with eggs.  NO   RACE SUICIDE THERE  Striking proofs of the remarkable t. fecundity of French-Canadian families have just *been given  out at Quebec, when Mrs. Geo  rges Galarneau, of Charlesbburg,  a: village just outside the city,  gave birth to her 28th child,  while Mrs. Johnny Michaud, of  Levis, just across the river, became the mother of her 20th offspring.     - !  The Guards with their pipes in  martial display,, .  Advancing to win in their battle  array,  They never, retreat,-* but stano* fast-  and defy  The enemy's legion. If need be  they'll die.  A bonnie Scotch lassie aye faithful and  brave,  With a banner to place on a  Highlander's grave,  Who gave up his life for his land  and tbe right,  As he rushed to the front in the  thick of the fight.  J    '  With great   guns   of   artillery  booming aloud,  To be with, them should make  any Britisher proud,   ~~  As   the men serve   their   guns  without hurry or fear,  Tho' the enemy advance and'come  very, near.  When the Guns   and   the   Foot  have given of their best,  Then the cavalry charge to give  them a rest,  Asking no quarter, right onward  they go  With valor far into the ranks of  the foe.  Our colonial contingents have  come to assist  With might and with main the  foe,to resist,  They'll endure every hardship  and never complain,  Determined to conquer and victory to gain.  And Red   Gross heroes in   ,the  V    midst of the fray,  Under  shell fire  they  labor  by  X night and by day,  Searching   for   wounded,   brave  women and men,  Forever k we'11 praise  them with  words and with pen.    '       '  With unceasing vigilance, free  from all fear, -   V  Brave  sailors  are  guarding our  ;      shores far and near,  To conquer all foemen with Brit-  .    ain's great might,  Upholding her Honor, her Cause  and the Right.  IMPORTANT  POSTAL   RATES  On Parcels Going to the Troops  in France  The Department is in receipt of  applications, to have parcels addressed t6 oursoldiers'in France  sent free or at reduced rates of  postage, there evidently being an  impression'that the Department  has control of these rates and  could do as it wished, but this is  not so/as the question of postage is fixed by international  agreement, so that it is not within tbe power of the Canadian :  post office department to undertake to carry the parcels free  or at a reduced rate of postage.  Under international law, provision is made for the" free transmission of parcels for prisoners  of war, but this privilege does not-  extend to parcels for troops engaged in active service, nor' is  it within the power of the department to so extend it. .  The rate of postage required  on parcels addressed to the  troops depends upon the location  of the addressee. If the address  is in England, the rate on parcels for England applies, which  is twelve cents per pound;  whilst, if he is in France, the  parcels are subject to the rates  applicable to parcels for France  which are as follows:  1 lb., 32 cents; 2 lbs., 40  cents; 3 lbs., 48 cents; 4 lbs., 64  c>nts; 5 lbs., 72 cents; 6 lbs.,  80 cents; 7 lbs., 88 cents; 8 lbs.,  ::$i".ji>2;; 9 lbs., $1.10 j 10 lbs., $1.18;  11 lbs., $1.26.      V        XXx  These -are exactly the. same  charges which existed for years  between Canada, England and  France before the war; and are  the result of an agreement or  convention made between these  countries and Canada, and as  these countries have not agreed  tb lower their rates between England and France, Canada has to  pay to them the same rates as  before the war and must charge  the same.postage;  .. In all cases parcels for the  troops must be addressed care of  Army Post Office, London, England, but this does not in any  which depends entirely upon the  location of the addressee,   x i ���������*  ���������Friday,   December   10,   1515  THE WESTERN CALL  CORBESPONDENCE  ��������� School of Manufactures    <  re see that the instructors in  nig-ht schools complain of, a  |c of equipment and that, coa-  lenily, they cannot make their  jfruetion  as   practical as they  lid wish.    They hope for more  [ipment in the future, and the  is badly in need of new iri-  Itries.      Both   classes   of.   retirements can   be  satisfied   by  establishment of a "school of  |nufactures, and there is no ne-  ������ty   for antagonizing   laboni  ions,   of   which  there   would  appear to be some danger  carpenters, blacksmiths, bakers,  ^ctricians, stationery engineers  ssayers).  The   instruction    so  Ir given  is  probably  no   more"  Ian   each  of  the   sexes reapeo-  rcly  require, and all ot1  it  is,  think, quite justly and truly  cmed  pre-vocational.  school of manufactures wo.ild  irehase tools, machinery equip-  ent and raw material and pro-  \d to manufacture some new  le of goods���������new, that is to  \y, to Vancouver, and preferably  ?w to the Dominion as a whole,  le ' Dominion government,  bough its department of com-  jerce and labour, would be call-  upon for all available statists, data, expert, instructions  id advice. In some'cases it  ight justly be called upon to  Ipply part of ,the necessaiy  Inds. We cannot disguise the  |ct that a few trained hands  )uld be highly desirable or even  lispensably necessary, and in  [me cases these would need to  imported. If young ehildren  should bev admitted to this insti  tution their common school education would need,to be continued and in this way the provincial  government could justly- be called upon for' considerable assistance. Technical and other instruction for old and young  would be carefully fostered. And  the aim of making the institution payable should begiu to bo  prrsued almost from the first.  All hands should begin to- receive pay as soon as they began  to produce goods, and the marketing of the manufactured product would need to be attended  to; in short, this first line of  manufactures should be put'upon  a% nearly.a commercial or paying  basis as possible.  About this time capitalists  would have become considerably  interested. They should be required, if this line of manufactures was really becoming a paying one, to take over at cost all  the tools, machinery and equipment, and to give employment to  at least a portion of the trained  aid partially trained hands. And  if these capitalists should be enlightened and up-to-date people,  they will, continue the instruc-  tionand education of their hands.  Supposing this line of manufactures to>be fairly started, the  authorities of. this school of manufactures should immediately  start a new line of manufactures  for which, in the meantime, they  should have been making preparations.  Hoping that these notes will be  of some assistance.  Yours truly,    ���������  *  JOHN K. MaeKENZIE,,  910 Seymour  St.  A  HUNDRED  YEABS  FROM  HOW  There's a picture in tbe window ���������  Of a-Uttle shop I know, ,   ,'  With boyB and girla dressed as thty  ,-Vere *  A/juindred years ago. \  Andapnce I saw it, I have thought  A AridY&eep  on   thinking  how  I'he- children, maybe, will be dressed  A hundred years  from now.  "Will girls wear caps or farthingales,  6r Loops in grand array!  WiU they wear bows like butterflies,  Just, as they do to-dayf  Vill boys wear jackets short, or tie  Their hair in quest   Just how  They'll really look, I'd like to know  A hundred years from now.  ���������What do you think the girls snd boys  Will eat in those far days?  Will they be fed on breakfast foods  In many sorts of waysf  '  Will all the good ahd tasty things  ;   Be worse for them than ricef  Will ice-cream soda make them sick,  And  everything that's nice?  Will   children's  books   have /pictures  then  Or just all reading be  Perhaps they'11 "be hand-painted and  Most beautiful to see.  But. when I think of those I have/  I truly don't see how  They can be any prettier  A hundred years from now.  ���������St. Nicholas.  ID. McNeill  MAYORALTY CANDIDATE  ** {  Solicits your  and influence.  Eating between  Meals is perfectly  Natural for  Healthy, Active  CbiUfren  ���������Give Them Good,  Energy-Restoring  FOOD!  SMAX and  The BETTER Breads  .ARE .JUST SUCH FOODS  Made ol Canada'! most nntritious flour and pore  water in British CohrmhtaV most, sanitary, clean,  modern baking pfanaL  5  FULL  16  OVtiCE  LOAF  Every one "sealed at the oven"  tf AMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers  of BE TTER  Bread  HELPFUL HINTS  (FromNthe Motorist)  INSERTING    SPARK    PLUGS  Metal will expand to a certain extent  when subjected to heat. Frequently the  removal of spark plugs is extremely difficult, and the cause was that the cold plug  was tightly screwed into a hot cylinder. When the plug and cylinder become hot, both expand equally, causing  an extremely tight fit. One should fairly  seat the cold plug in the hot cylinder,  and when the plug ib hot it may be securely tightened. Or the plug may be  BeatCd fully when the cylinder is cold. -  ABE YOU?  r ������������������*.  Tell' UB,-* are  you advertising  fIn'tbe same old foolish way  That  your grjanddad did before  you,   > -  And,, persist "It  doesn't  pay."  Think the whole world knows your address  'Cause it. hasn't changed for yearst  Wouldn't the  pathos  of  such  logic  -Drive  a  billy goat  to  tears?  "Just a card'"* is all you care for,  Hidden,  lonesome and unread,  Like the sign upon a tombstone  Telling folks that you are dead.  Wake   up, man, and take  a  tonicl  Bunch your hits, and make a drive;  Bun a page, and change your copy���������  ADVERTISE and keep alive!  GASOLINE  ECONOMY  So many able bodied men are  shirking their responsibilities to  the empire that conscription will  likely have to be resorted to before this terrible war is over.  *   ���������   *  We would like to see a battalion of men between the ages- of  45 and 55 formed. A German  killed by a man of 55 would be  just as dead as the one killed by  a man of 25.  AS ONE OF THESE'  J. E. Middleton.  ������������������ t.  i> ��������� !���������  ���������to*"***  21'  V >A -���������  It is fully recognized by automobile  engineers' that a properly designed four-  cylinder engine is more economical in  fuel consumption than a six-cylinder  of the same developed horsepower at the  same speed. Adding to the, number of  cylinders' does not make for fuel. economy, but for greater speed, flexibility  ���������good pulling power at lower speed than  possible in four-cylinder design and con-  structian���������and at the expense of heavier  fuel consumption. And while on this subject it might be well to add that the  fuel consumption per horsepower delivered will be very much higher as the engine speed is reduced. From this it  should not be inferred that it would take  more fuel to drive a car at half-speed  over a certain distance, but it would  take more than -one-half at much fuel.  A BROKEN PISTON RING  , _.  Yes, and British  Columbia has a Real  Bread Flour too  '->.\, -'  A Flour that makes your loaves of, bread,  your biscuits, your buns' bfckeXBIG,  WHOLESOME, WHITE " Aft4 S#QW - INr  SIDE.     The  name '   J  v..  ROYAL STANDARD  Made from the choicest ^ Canadian bread-  wheat that money can buy. . Milled into  spotless cleanliness and* purity by the most  up-to-date milling methods���������RIGHT HERE  in b. a, v vv,\,'iV ,  Your money can*buy no Better. Flour ANYWHERE, so buy ROYAL STANDARD and  keep your money" at home.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  Vancouver, New Westminstar, Nanaimo; Victoria  / "4  PARCELS FOR FRONT  NOW LIMITED  The   room   was   white,    gastly  white. .   -  The surgeon wore his gloves  and >gown.        ,, .  The   nurses   made their- lancets  bright. ..-  r  And laid, the gauze and dressings down  Upon the cruel slab���������yet kind���������  A little blue-eyed lassie lay.  The   surgeon   held' her   slender  hand  And thought of other maids���������  at play.  "My dear," he said, "this little  screen  Upon   your lips   and  nostrils  lies.    " c  Strange odors, passing sweet, will  come,  , Breathe _ deeply, _ child,^. -and  close your eyes,  So shall you sleep as in your cot  And soon we'll mend you little feet, *  And when the spring time comes,  you'll play  Like  your companions on  the  street."  "And shall I really sleep." she  smiled,  .The heartsore Father took her  hand  "Yes,    honey."   The    assurance  sweet '     '  V '��������� -XV:  None  but a child will understand.  "I must   get  up,"   she   softly  . said,'  So,   in   her   spotless,   flowing  gown,  She    knelt   beside   the    instru-  ��������� :.v- ments        .. - x" V- " -X  :  And   whispered, ''Now I   lay  me down."  ���������"To  sleep?"        The  Father's  heart was  wrung,   A'  For fear has   many   a   sound-  X-.less d_jep.:   , .������������������-:.:��������� vXX   . -.  "If I should die before I wake"  And  even .Science'.-.:learned  to  weep...- . X,XX  So,   radiant from her  knees she  ���������   rose,  Upon   her   brow   a Heavenly  v      light,  Sh.-   kissed her   Father'3   bloodless lips   ���������:���������'  And, Smiling- soft,   she   said ���������  "Good Night!"  The engine of a car became rather uncertain  in starting,  and   its   owner  sus  pected and verified in turn the ignition,  the carburetor, and the valves. The compression  of each   cylinder rwas tested in  turn by feeling the resistance it offered  to the  rotation'of  the  starting handle,  and one   cylinder  proved  to  be  almost  compressionlesB;  the   engine   would   not  start' from a pull up if tbe starting handle claw % was so engaged that the weal;  cylinder  was  either  the  first or  second  resistance to be overcome. The exploded  charges blew past the broken ring into.  thei'erankcase, and sent puffs of smoke out  through the gauze cover of the orankease  breather.       This usually   occurs   when  faulty piston rings have perceptibly reduced the compression in a cylinder. In  the  case under notice, tbe pitstotts  had  buf one jing each, and a piece of about  ,1:+,of an inch in length had absolutely  vanished  from  the  nng ' of .* the erring  .cylinder, the  two remaining  pieces  still  lying in tbe groove. Such a puff of smoke  from the   crankcase  breather, is plainly,  determinative,    and    shows"    that . the  rings, and not the valves, are to blame.  AUTOMOBILE   RULS8   fOR   PEDES  TRIANS  ���������   ������������������ By George Ittcb   '  Rule 1 ��������� Pedestrians crossing boulevards at night shall wear a white light  in front and a red light in the rear  Rule 2���������Before'turning to the right or  left they shall- give three short blast*  on 1 a horn at least three inches in diameter.!. ��������� ��������� >'.  Rule 3���������When an inexperienced automobile driver is 'made nervous by a  pedestrian, he shall indicate the same,  and the'pedestrian shall hide behind a  tree until the automobile has passed.  Rule 4���������Pedestrians shall not carry in  their pockets any sharp substances which  are  liable to   cut automobile  tires"  -.  Rule s-^In dodging automobiles, pedestrians shall not run more than /seven-  miles an hour.  Rule 6���������Pedestrians must register at  the beginning of each year and pay a  license fee of $5 for the privilege of  living. There shall be no rebate if  they do not live through the entire year.  . Rule 7���������Pedestrians will not be allowed to emit cigarette smoke on any  boulevard in an offensive or unnecessary  manner.  Rule 8���������Each pedestrian before receiving his license to walk upon a boulevard  must demonstrate before an examining  board his - skill in dodging, leaping,  crawling, and extricating himself from  machinery.  Rule 9���������Pedestrians will be held responsible for all damage done to automobiles or their occupants by collis-  sion.   ���������  ���������Hoosier Motorist.  HONOUR ROLL OF THE  VANCOUVER AUTO. CLUB  The following are the members  of. the club who are serving their  country either in Europe or have  joined the Canadian and Imperial  forces:  .-������.  On Active Service ���������. Lieut. Col.  Victor W. Odium (been wounded),  Majors Roy MacGowan (front line  trenches); John A. Hope. J. Reynolds Tite* Captains R. Fyfe Winch,  Victor Spencer, Fred Bayliss, Geo.  P. Bowie (killed in action); D. C.  McGregor, G. M... Endaeo'tt, AV. W.  Foster, M.L.A., (front line trenches) ; F'. G. Forsnaw, J. E. Elkins,  E. S. Wilband; Chaplain, Rt. Rev.  A. U. dePencier; Surgeons, R. B.  Boucher. G. E. Gillies, A. S. Munro,  A. P. Proctor, Dallas G. Perry,  Wm. B. McKechnie; Lieutenants. P.  J. Bevan, J. G. Fordham (front  line trenches): J. ' C Day. G. P.  Farr, T. G. Bird, J. Gordon Fleck,  A. Edward Tulk, J. L. G. Abbott;  Mechanical Transport, Ian A. Laurie; Private A. A. MeDougall  (Princess  Pats).  An important memorandum  limiting the size of parcels sent  to the front to seven pounds was  issued at Ottawa yesterday by  the post office department.' The  request is made on account of  the'strain on the transport sysr  tern and the congestion of mail  matter. The memorandum is as  follows:  Newspapers are constantly urging the department, and applications are ' still being received  Vto - Have all parcels addressed to  our soldiers in France, sent free  or at reduced rates of postage,  there evidently being the impression tbat the Post Office Department of Canada has control  of this and can do as it wishes.  This is not correct inasmuch  as the transference of parcels depends on a special convention,  under the terms of which all parcels are transmitted and under  the terms of which only can parcels can be transmitted to England and France. As Canada is  only one party to this agreement  it is not possible for her to take  independent action and lower the  rates. If. Canada did this, the  parcels would simply not_be_re_-i  eeived, or, if delivered in England would not be transmitted to  France nor disturbed in England.  Application Refused  "Application has already been  made by the Canadian Post ,Office:  Department for a reduction of  the rates of Postage on parcels  posted in Canada and destined  for France, and this has been refused*" by England and France  on the ground that the amount  of parcels and mail matter presented at the present time is such  as to strain almost to the breaking point the transport service,  and the War Office has stated  publicly that it cannot and will  not transport more parcels than  it has been doing.  This statement was made in the  British House of Commons, and  the reasons above were given as  to why they should not make a  reduction in -regard to parcels'  being sent from England. What  France and England could not  do for their own people, they  could not do for Canada, and  moreover', they have refused the  application of the department to  have this done.  The number of parcels is so  great and the strain on the transport so heavy at the present time  that the British government has  notified the post office department of Canada that temporarily  all parcels are reduced to seven  pounds.  Premier  Pancake  Flour  Made from CHOICEST  of Wheat Produdt.  AGREEABLE to tiy  SENSE.  * . ���������  .   . ^ >  The ONLY P������������ctkt  x  Flour MADE i* VANCOUVER  ASK YOUR GROCER  X  1  pel'  '  4*1  ..1   *ll  ^JWnP*W PWF������ ;  Phone Seymour 9086  FIRE  INSURANCE  is   as   important   as   Life  Insurance  We Write Fire Insurance in  Good Companies  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hasting* Street West  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa It" I  to I  Ml'^r;?: . ;x' -,  Friday,   December   10,   1915  HOME  A function of. the meals'at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued is by one of the best known ang valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there    These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  still.  ������������������fes5- <v Xr  SiT*  $&<>������  H  Mr  .'f  life  I  !!  i  j-,  i;>  Saturday, December 11  Those who bring sunshine to the lives of otbeTS  cannot keep it from themselves���������J. M. Barrie.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Creamed Dried Beef.  Rice Cakes. Nut Bran Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������ClearVSoup. Cooutons. Pork Tenderloins. Mashed Potatoes. Browned Parsnips. Lemon  Meringue. Coffee.  Supper���������Beans Baked with Tomatoes. Brown  Bread. Cucumber Pickles. Doughnuts. Tea.  Beans Baked with Tomatoes  Soak three cupfuls of beans in cold water  over night. In the morning, soak them in warm  water for two hours, then drain and place in a  kettle with four peeled and sliced" onions. Pour  in enough eold water to cover, bring slowly to  a. boil and cook until tender. Drain again, turn  into a bean pot. add two cupfuls of stewed  tomatoes, one tablespoonful of sugar, two teaspoonfuls of salt, one quarter of a teaspoonful  of pepper and a few grains of cayenne and mix  thoroughly. Cut gashes in a half pound piece  of. parboiled salt pork, bury it in the middle,  place in a slow oven, bake three hours, then  stir the beans well, bring the pork to the top.  and bake two hours longer.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Sunday, December 12th  Be  useful where thou livest, that they may  Both   want  and  wish  thy pleasing presence  Find out men's   wants and   will,  And meet them there.    All worldly joyB go  To  the one joy of doing kindnesses.  ���������George Herbert.  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Fried Cereal with  Honey. Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Bouillon. Boiled Fowl with Oyster  Sauce. Buttered Potato Balls. Squash. Lettuce  and Roquefort Salad. Pineapple Ice Cream. Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Scotch Woodcock. Fruit Salad.  Sponge Drops. Tea.  Scotch Woodcock  Melt two tablespoonfuls of butter, add one  and one half tablespoonfuls of flour, stir until  frothy, then add gradually one cupful of milk.  Cook and stir until smooth, add one tablespoonful of anchovy paste, 'season with salt and a  dash of cayenne, add five hard boiled eggs cut  into quarters lengthwise, heat thoroughly and  serve on bread toasted on the under side only.  Monday, December 13th  Goe not halfe way to meete a coming sorrowe  Butte thankful bee for blessings of to-day,   "  And pray that thou msyest blessed bed to-morrowe  So shalt thou goe with joy upon thy way.  ���������Adolphus   (Joss.  Breakfast���������Cereal with pates and Cream.  Fried Eggs. Lyonnaise Potatoes. Bolls! Coffee.  AOiww--Corn Chowder. Bread Sticks. Baked  ^am. Cider Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Creamed  Cabbage. Apple Custard.  Coffee.  SWPper���������Chicken and Chestnut Salad. Hot  Biscuits. Mocha Cakes. Tea.  Apple Custard  Pare and core six apples, place them in a buttered pan, fill the cavities with sugar, dot with  butter, pour in' three or four tablespoonfuls of  water, cover and bake until soft. -Beat two  whole, eggs and the yolks of two, add four tablespoonfuls of sugar, one-half saltspoonful of  salt and one pint of scalded -milk and pour the  mixture over the apples, place the pan over boiling water and bake in a moderate oven -Until the  custard is firm. Beat the two whites until stiff,  fold in two tablespoonfuls of sugar, flavor with  one-quarter of a teaspoonful of vanilla, spread  the meringue overthe-pudding when cool, then  brown lightly in a hot oven.  # *   *  Tuesday, December 14th .  If the world seems cool to you,  Kindle   fires to  warm   it;  Let their comfort hide from you  Winters  that  deform   it.  ���������Lucy Larcom.  Breakfast���������Steamed Rice. 'Bacon and Fried  Bananas.  Wheat  Gems. Coffee.  ���������Dinner���������Celery Soup. Breaded Ham, Mustard  Pickles. - Potato Puffs. Brussels Sprouts. Raisin  Puffs.   Vanilla Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Tripe and Oyster Ragout. Buttered Toast. Stewed Apricots. Sugar Cookies. Tea.  WARNING  To Dealers in Food Products  . Tripe and Oyster Ragout  Boil half a pound of tripe until very tender  and cut it into small pieces. Melt one-third, of,  a cupful of butter, stir in one-half cupful :of  flour,  cook  until bubbling, add the  tripe, '^stir.'  well,  then  add  one pint of boiled  and sliced  onions ahd < one pint of oysters from which all  bits  of  shell have been removed.   Season" with  pepper and salt, stir and cook until the edges  of the oysters  begin to  ruffle,  turn  on  toast  which has been slightly moistened with hot milk  and serve at once. i-  ,.:.'���������    ��������� . ��������� XX  Wednesday, December 15    xX XX  * No cloud  is  strewn :      XX:'  O'er   the frozen sky;  To a spirit tune  Their lullaby. X" X  The  oaks  around  chant dismally.  ���������-Thomas Gold Appleton.  Breakfast���������Stewed Figs. Cereal with Cream.  Buckwheat Griddle Cakes. Maple Syrup. Cbffee.1  Dinner���������Mock Turtle   Soup. Baked  Stuffed  Leg of Mutton. Hominy. Spinach. Tomato Jelly  Salad. Apricot Trifle. Coffee. X  v  Supper���������Ham Timbales." White Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Corn Bread. Oatmeal Macaroons.  Tea. '"'.. X" ':x ,,'''���������' A .k  .   X   .   xX:  Baked Stuffed tag of Mutton  ; Have the bone removed, trim off any unsightly portions and wipe with a damp cloth,, then  stuff with one cupful of bread crumbs mixed  with one-quarter of a cupful of melted butter,  one quarter of a cupful of finely chopped almonds  one teaspoonful of chopped parsley; one half  teaspoonful of salt and two drops of Tabasco  sauce. Cut one raw onion and one carrot into  dice and add three tablesponfuls of finely cut *  celery, two sprigs of parsley and one cupful of  stewed tomatoes and spread over the bottom of  a roaster. Place the meat on the mixture, jpour  in one pint of boiling water, cover and bake  two hours, then remove the ��������� cover, dredge with  pepper, salt and flour, dot with bits of butter  and bake until brown. Put the meat on a heated  platter, thicken the gravy in the pan with brown  ed flour and serve in a gravy boat. - *  ' .���������   ���������   ���������  Thursday, December 16th  The gayest castles in- the air are better for comfort  and for use than the dungeons in the air that are daily  dug by discontented people.  ���������Emerson.,,  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Broiled Kidneys with  Bacon. Dry Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Mutton Ragout. Hominy Croquettes.  Stewed Chestnuts., prange and Mint Salad. Snow ,  'Pudding, Custard;Sauce. Coffee. .    *      ,,  Supper���������Creamed '.potatoes   with   Walnuts.  vCurrant Buns.JJing^rb^ad. Cocoa.  Stewed Chestnuts  Procure a quart of French or Italian chestnuts  cut a half inch slit- in each shell, drop into.boiling water, cook two minutes, drain and dry. pour  one tablespoonful of, oil over the nuts, stir and '  shake in tbe over for four or five minutes then  remove the shells and skins together. Cover the  nuts with white stock, let simmer until very tender and season with pepper, salt and a dash of  ciiyenne. / :t  . ���������   ���������   ���������   ���������  Friday, December 17th/  O Peace!, thy-famous mantle is a lovely thing'to view  But what  unimportant  matters  can  suffice to  tear it  through! ,  ���������Carleton.  Breakfast���������Tangerinesv Baked Salt Mackerel.  Baked Potatoes.-Rye Biscuits: Coffee.  - Pinner���������Barley*Soup. Boiled Haddock.   Hoi- ,  landaise  Sauce. Potatoes with  Parsley.  String  Beans. Mince Pie. Cheese. Coffee.  Suppar���������Fruit Salad. Yeast Rolls. Marshmallow Cake. Tea.  Fruit Salad  Peel and cut three tart apples into dice and  drop immediately into acidulated water to prevent discoloration. Bfix together one-half eupful  of finely cut celery, one-half cupfulof broken nut  meats, one-half pound of white grapes cut in  halves and seeded and the pulp of three oranges.  Drain the-apple, dry in a napkin, add it to the  other ingredients and toss about lightly with a  silver fork. Place in nests of crisp lettuce leaves,  and mask  with cream salad   dressing.  "JINGLE  POT"  COAL  BUILDERS'  SUPPLIES  it  J,l'  ;t.  i  ���������'i:  i'UBWITUKE  BAGGAGE  and PIANO  MOVEBS  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump. $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AND FIRE  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN .PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but we specialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage. We have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  YOUR PATBONAGE  IN* ALL THESE  LINES  SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  80 Pender Street East,  PHONES:   SET.  405,  Vancouver, B.  605,   5408, 5409  ROD AND OUN  December Rod and Gun, published by W. J. Taylor, Limited,  Woodstock, Ont., is on the newsstands and is replete with interesting stories'of outdoor life,  besides the usual departments devoted to Guns and Ammunition,  Fishing Notes, etc., etc., whch are  well maintained. Some of the stories noted are The Hunter's  Christmas, Three Polars and a  Cree, Hector: A Story of  Dog Devotion, Northern Camping Trails, A Just Retribution,      Sailor    of    the   Wood-  *  lands, Newfoundland Caribou, Adventures of Nels alias  Olie. A new department which  promises to be of special" interest is conducted by Arthur Elli^  son and devoted to the interests  of dog lovers under the caption  of The Kennel.  It has happened, on several.occasions, that dealers charged  with' violation of. the Adulteratlpn  Act have pleaded ignorance pf its  requirements as their excuse. This  plea has no force in law; and  howsoever guiltless the defendant may consider hmself. to be,  he is compelled to pay the legal  penalty.   ,   .  This department, in its capacity  as administrator of the Adul-  teratio Act, always grants time  for thpse interested, to inform  themselves ��������� of new regulations  enacted under, its terms.  Section 26 of the Act requires  that food should be defined by  Order in Council, and this requirement is being carried out as  necessity demands, and as requisite knowledge is accumulated.  Such orders in council are published in circular form, and are  obtainable, on request by anyone engaged in trade, or otherwise interested. The bulletins regularly issued by the department  contain information, regarding all  such enactments. Those also are  obtainable on request to the Deputy Minister of Inland Revenue.  It is only where an article sold  as food contains an ingredient  proved to be harmful to health,  that immediate action is taken  to prevent the sale of such article.  The most recent instance^ in  which ignorance of the law was  pleaded may serve to illustrate  this matter.' X.  V /���������'���������'  The only oil used as a Salad  Oil, until recent years, was Olive  Oil. Cotton seed oil, properly' refined, is a perfectly wholesome  substitute, and much cheaper.  When sold under its own name,  no fault can be found with it.  But some manufacturers have  discovered that by offering it as  salaot oil, without other description it sells more readily be  cause the buyer'thinks he is get  ting Olive Oil. In order better  to deceive the purchaser, the label is frequently printed in  French, or in Italian, with 'the  name of. a French or Italian producer, and a French or Italian  town, France and Italy being thev  chief producing countries of Olive  Oil as found in,Canada. This practice is not. only fraudulent, as  deceiving the buyer, but is an in  jury to the producer, importer  and vendor of the genuine article.  This fraud is recognized as adul  teration" under Section 3^ "Subsee  tion b, of the Act.  In order more effectively to put  a, stop to it, an Order in Council  was published in March, 1912, re  quiring that Cotton Seed Oil,  when present must be named on  the label. Samples purchased in  June, 1914,'more than two years  after publication of the Order in  Council referred to, were found  to be adulterated, inasmuch as  they were* labelled Salad Oil, E.  Loubon, Nice, thus leading the  purchaser to believe them to be  be of foreign origin, and genuine  Olive Oil. They- were entirely Cot  ton Seed Oil, but no mention of  this fact appeared on the label.  The defendant claimed that he  was ignorant of the requirements  of the Adulteration Act, in the  case; that he bought the stock  some yeara ago, believing it to be  genuine; that he had no fraur  dulent intent; all of which is undoubtedly true.  It remains, however, that he  violated. theXproyisions of tne  Adulteration Act; after fully two  years' time vgra^tted in which it  was his duty to acquaint himself  with the terms thereof. This Act  specifically deals with foods of  which he is a purveyor; and it is  natural and proper that the vendor should have made himself familiar with the law on the subject.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  your competi-  tor. Jawing **  of weakness.  impressive  printing is more valuable to-day th.an ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every-  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  V  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  we PRINT  ���������'%,���������  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  'X ���������    * <*   '      'X  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited'  PHONE FAIR 1140        203 KINGSWAY .������_ ���������  Friday,   December   10��������� 1915  tAdri  *mm*mm  I  SPORTING COMMENT  The next game in the league  ijichedule takes place tonight, the  ime teams being in opposition  [to each other. Vancouver plays in  ���������Portland and Seattle in Vic-  Itoria. Vancouver will have a  [change in their lineup this time,  [Duncan going on the wing posi-  [tion in place of Stanley, who is  [far from being in shape for the  {position as yet. Otherwise the  [team will be the same.  The first games of the Pacific  Coast Hockey League took place  this week, when the two American teams came out on top. The  game in Vancouve between the  locals and the, Portland team  resulted in a whitewash for the  Stanley Cup holders to the tune  of 2 goals to nil. The visiting  team had it on the locals at all  stages of., the game, and at no  time did the cup holders show  championship form. This, was  not to be expected as the Vancouver team, despite the reports  wih the First Battalion at Os-  in condition. The low score in  dicates that neither team was at  top speed or else the defence  ends were 4n splendid form. 2  goals h to nothing is a small margin, but it was decisive enough  to show the ���������superiority on the  evening's play. To prevent the  Vancouver forward line from getting a goal is a task for the best  team in the business, and all honor is due Portland for its initial  win.  ���������   ���������   ���������  .Vancouver's lineup was- somewhat changed from that which  won the honors last season. Jim  Seaborn, a substitute of last year  held down the point position on  the defence and did splendidly.  *$Je ought to have a good year in  that position. Griffis, in front of  him, played a careful game, and  showed flashes of his old-time  brilliancy. "When a man gets ,to  the age of Griffis, and still desires to play hockey, he must  J������ave a   wonderful   reserve   of  speed and stamina, and Griffiths  seems to have this. Lehman, in  goal, was the factor which saved  Vancouver from a terrible drubbing at the hands of the visitors.  He saved from every conceivable  angle, and was right in mid-season form. But it was the forward line that failed to come up  to the scratch. They fell down  on many occasions and seemed  utterally unable to stand the  pace. Stanley and Mackay and  Taylor were far from being in  shape, but Lloyd Cook on the  wing played a great game all  the way. He knows how to  handle himself in difficult corners  and can most assuredly play  hockey. We look for a big  year for this youngster and there  is little doubt about him playing  up to form.  ��������� ���������   ���������  On the   Portland   team   were  three new faces. Tommy Dunderdale, formerly with Victoria, put  up   a fine article at   centre  for  the    Rosebuds,    and   invariably  drew   the puck.   On   the   wings  were Harris and Tobin, both of  iii'm lust rough and tumb'3 play  ji'V while Oatman' plv/e.1 rover  Vhis   eorward   line   looks   gzoi  ������������������noup-h   lo   pretty   nearly cl������-.in  tne slate this year, but added to  thai   is   the defence   of   Ernie  Johns ni, Irvine, of Winnipeg, and  Murray,  of Winnipeg" The last  two are new comers to this leas ie  b.-ti loih proved their ability lo  l-ld  their place alongside    t'i"  best of them. Neittie-* was in tp\*  form but a game or  two  more  and they will be in fine shape.  The game waa a fair exhibition  for a curtain raiser,' and the expectations of the fans were satisfied with the game, although  a little disappointed at the opening loss for the champions.  ��������� ���������   t  Over in Seattle the Sound City  team opened professional hockey  by defeating Victoria 3 goals  to 2. The game is said to have  been a hummer all the way, the  HANBURVS  ���������For  IUMBER-SASH-POORS  WOOP & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1075  Metropolitans only coming to the  front with the extra goal in the  last eight minutes of play- The  Victoria; team showed a couple  of new faces in McCullough and  O'Reilly, and their prospects for  a strong team are good. These  young fellows are certainly the  backbone of the game, and a  few games with their mere experienced brethren on the blades  will' suffice to put them all in  tip top shape. -The Seattle team  proved mightly formidable and  there is sure to be a keen fight  for the honors this season. The  Seattle team had Bobby Rowe at  point, a new position for him,  but he is said to have put up a  splendM game in that' position,  and it is likely that he will be  Been in that role during the sea  sou. The other, members of the  new team are the former Toronto bunch, and they are fast and  strong players indeed. / The  score of 3 to 2 was a fai indi  cation^ of the strength of the  teams, and the wirn was a popular one. v The Seattle team will  have to be reckoned with in the  league race. ,  ��������� ���������   *  The daily   press   were   strong  with the announcement prior to  the game on Tuesday that all the  players were in the /'pink of condition."     The exhibition put up  by   some   of the locals   plainly  showed that the sport writers on  the daily papers were very wrong  with the  dope  this time.  There  is  no   wisdom   in    announcing  stuff of this sort time and time  again, aud the  sporting editors  know that. The truth would better help the cause of hockey at  all times.   And   this can   apply  with equal foree to the players  and managers. Spreading broadcast  reports  similar   to    those  which appeared in all the dailies  prior to the game is utterly ab  surd,    and    while    Vancouver  boasts many loyal hockey fans,  these same can easily: tell whether or not a man is in condition  once they see him in action. In  future it would be well, to say  just what is right and stick to it.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Wm. Foran, the Stanley cup  trustee, has made an announcement, in .connection with the  cup contest this year. He says  that Portland and Seattle, in  case either team wins the pennant, will be eligible to compete for the trophy. Both of these  teams are composed of Canadian  born players, and while the  franchises are held in . American tf-rwns, the teams wfll be in  NINETY   YEARS AOO  ' There are many ex-Ontario  people living in British Columbia to whom the following paar-  graph will prove interesting. It  refers to the prices prevailing  for household articles in the Ot-  tawa Valley district during the  year 1825: Eggs, 4c a doz.; butter, Se a lb.; sugar, 10c a lb.;  pepper, 50 cents lb.; coffee, 31c  lb.; tea, $1.50 lb.; bacon, 61-4c  lb.; whiskey, 25c. gal.; wheat,  40c,, bus.; oats, 15c. bus.; corn,  25c bus.; muslin, 20c and 371-2  cents yd.; calico, 36c, and 50c.  yd.; flowered wall paper, 41-2c  yd.; salt, 21-2c lb.  PROHIBITION   AT HOME  UNITED  COLUMBIA INVESTMENT  COMPANY, LIMITED  . PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given  that under' the First Part ox chapter 79 of the ��������� Revised Statutes ���������-, of  Canada, 1906, known as "The Companies Aet," letters patent have been  issued under -the Seal of the Secretary of State of Canada, bearing  date the llth day of November, 1915,  incorporating Edward Frank White,  secretary, Albert Hapgood 8perry,  general manager, Dee Clifford Pennington, clerk, Eugene Wesley Kaufman,    aeeOuntant,   and  Bobert    Lail  We have been quoting largely  from the United States statistics  showing the perfectly wonderful  results that follow prohibition  because out of 48 states, 8 have  prohibition long enough to give  conclusive evidence and also because reliable statistics are avail-  albe every year.  It may not be generally known  that Canada has given, for the  extent to which it has been tried,  just as satisfactory results as in  the United States. We have only  one province entirely under pro  hibition, but several others have  had sufficient prohibition to show  very definite results.  When Prince Edward Island  prohibited the retail sale of liquor it had more insane than any  other province in Canada. On  account of its reputation and its  insular position it had attracted  a large number of patients from  outside df the island. This fact is  still held up by the liquor inter*  est atr evidence that prohibition  increases insanity which shows tol^^V^X^aTot  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. 0.  line to copapete for the honors.  Trustee Foran expects that the  I contest will take place in the  , east this year, and in that case  there will be a merry scramble  for the honors oi competition.  President Patrick has not committed himself to any remarks  in connection with the announcement of a series this year. The  coast schedule closes in February,  while the N. H. A. does not  close until early in March. It  seems unreasonable to expect the  winners of the coast league to  keep in shape to play the winners of the minor league for the  world honors. However, it is  somewhat early to bother about  this little business, although it is  interesting to know the opinion of the trustee in the matter.  what,lengths they will go to'defend the traffic. The following statistics for the older provinces  show tbat there is' very little dif-  ference in the insanity record because there is very little difference in the amount under prohibition. The new provinces are not  counted because at this time Saskatchewan and Alberta had no  asylums and the others were  young.  Per ten thousand Nova Scotia had 33.6; Ontario 34.9; Quebec  32.4; New Brunswick 26.7.  When we come to the statistics of drunkenness and crime  they give a smashing blow to the  traffic in liquor. In 1913 Nova  Scotia had 8.0 convictions ' for  drunkenness per thousand; British Columbia 21.3.v  ^^he^cyiminaH recordxisXgtill  more remarkable, the last census  report giving the following convictions for crime per ten thousand population: Prince Edward  Island, 1.1; New Brunswick, 3.8;  Ontario, 25.5; Manitoba, 27.9;  Alberta 40.0; British Columbia  42.1. These figures show that the  wettest provinces have nearly  forty times as many convictions  for crime as the dryest one and  the convictions decrease with the  amount under prohibition or local option.  mg purposes, viz.:  (a) To underwrite, subscribe .for,  purchase or acquire and hold either  absolutely as owner or by/-- way of  collateral ��������� security or -otherwise, and  to sell, guarantee the sale of, and to  assign, transfer or otherwise dippose  of or deal , in bonds, debentures,  stocks, states and other securities of  any government or municipal or school  corporation,, of , of any chartered  bank or ox any other duly incorporated company; to offer for public  subscription any shares, stocks,  bonds, debentures or other securities  of any corporation or company and  to transact and carry\ on a general  agency and brokerage business and  to act as agents and brokers for the  investment, loan, pyment, trnsmis-  sion and collection of money and for  the purchase, sale and improvement,  development and management of any  property, business or undertaking,  and the management, control or direction of syndicates, partnerships, associations, companies or   corporations;  (b) To promote, organize, manage  or develop any corporation or company having' objects similar to those  of this company or created for the  purpose of acquiring any part of the  assets of this company;  (c) To purchase for investment or  re-sale or otherwise acquire and hold  or sell or otherwise dispose of and  traffic in real and personal property  of ail kinds and any interest therein  including but without restricting the  generality of the above, land, house  property, real estate, mines, mining  rights and metalliferous land, petroleum and oil lands and rights, water  powers, rights, and privileges, machinery and implements, shares, stock,  debentures and debenture stock and  other security in or of any company;  (d) To manage, develop and improve any of the properties of the  company or any properties in which  the company is interested and to  'turn the same to account as may  seem  expedient; '  (e) To earry on   or  become   interested in any business which may be ���������  conveniently   carried    on    either  by  or  the  (j) To   draw,    make/" seeept, .em-"  dorse,    ezeeute and   issue'  bills \ot  exchange,   promissory   notes,   coupons  and other negotiable instruments and  securities;        <      ���������-^  (k) To   make, enter into,   deliver,  accept and receive'���������all deeds, convey-,  anees,   assurance^,transfers,   ***UP"-  ments,   grants  jand, contracts   necessary in 4 connection with ? any of . the  objects of the eomnany;.^ '.  (1) To issue p*id-up shirts, bonds  or debentures for, the payment cither,  in whole or part of any other property, real or persona], rights,, claims,,  privileges, good-win, concessions, .or  other advantages, which the company  may lawfully acquire, and to aw  such fully paid share*,- bonds 'or  other securities in payment, part payment - or exchange  for shares,'' bonds,  '.-��������������� * ���������  debentures or other, securities of -oxf.  other eompany; ��������� ���������  (m) To invest- the moneys of' tho  company "not immediately required ia  sueh manner as may from time to time  be determined; X      > '.  (n) To distribute among the' shareholders of the eompany u kiad any  property or assets of the eompany  and in particular any shares," debet- <  tores or securities of any other eompany or companies whieh may have  purchased or taken over ^either ia  whole, or part the property, assets' or  liabilities of this eompany;  (o) To sell, lease, exchange or  otherwise dispose of in whole pr in  part the property, rights or undertakings pf the. eompany for sueh consideration as' may be agreed upon ,  and in particular for shares,, debentures or securities of any, other _eom-'  pany; ' ��������� '  (p) To make donations and subscriptions to any object likely to promote  the interest of "the eompany and to  subscribe or guarantee money for any  charitable' object   or objects;  (q) To pay out of the funds of the  company all expenses of or incidental  to the formation; registration and advertising of the   company;  (r) To procure the, company to bo  registered or recognized in any country, or place; ,  (s) To do all -isuch -other aets or  things as are incidental,"or conducive  to the above objects or any of them.  The operations of the company to  be carried on throughout the Dominion of Canada and elsewhere, by tho  name of "United Columbia Investment Company, Limited,".with a capital stock of Three hundred thousand  dollars, divided into 30,000 shares ' of  ten dollars eaeh, and the ehief place  of business of the said eompany to  be at the City of Vancouver, In tho  Province of British   Columbia.'  Dated .at the offlee "of tho Secretary of State7 of. Canada, thia 15th  day of November, 1915.  THOMAS MTJLVBT,  Under Secretary of State.  - 1 -o  \xy  < Xj  - ��������� t <. :tj*m  :0. >X   ***-*,  a^X.V ,  \t$&&*fJA  1.   v    ���������    , ." N    ������  X\- V . XXX>X  '     v \ ' - L" ...       ,*_f  i    .    xx-;     . \'  ���������-   -       j v     '  V i ���������  properties ,of the company and any  business - of any nature which may  seem to the company capable of being carried on in connection with any  of 'the   objects   of tbe   eompany;  (f) To . acquire or undertake the  whole or any part of the business,  property - and liabilities of any person or company carrying on any business which the company is authorized  to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for the purposes of the  company;  (g) To apply for, purchase or otherwise acquire,' any patents, licenses,  concessions and the like, conferring  any exclusive or non-exclusive, or  limited right to use, or any secret or  other information as to any invention  which may sewn capable of being  used for any of the purposes of the  company, or tbe acquisition of which  may seem calculated directly or indirectly to benefit the company, and  to use, exercise, develop or grant licenses in respect of,, or otherwise turn  to account the property, rights or information   so   acquired;  (h) To enter into partnership or  into any arrangement for sharing of  profits, union of interests, co-operation, joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any person  or^ company   carrying   on or,.en  Do your Chlristmas shopping  early.' Have a thought for the  clerks who are on the job early  and late during the festive season, and give them the rest they  deserve.  LAND  ACT  Vancouver Land  District,  District of  Coast, Bange I.  OFP TO THE TEAINIJfG CAMP  TAKEV NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains "west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Reserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated  July  24th, 1915.  y        AGNES "L.   CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  in or about tp carry on or engage in  any business or transaction which the  company is authorized to carry on or  engage in, or any business or transaction capable of being conducted  so as directly or-indirectly to benefit  the company; and to lend money to,  guarantee the contracts of^ or otherwise assist any such person or company, and to take or otherwise acquire, shares and securities of any  such company, and to sell, hold, re  issue, with or without guarantee, or  otherwise d������al with the same;  ' (i) To enter into any arrangements with any governments or authorities, supreme, municipal, local or  otherwise, that may seem conducive  to the company's objects, or any of  them, and to obtain from any such  government or t authority any rights,  privileges and concessions which the  company may think it desirable to  obtain, and to carry out, exercise and  comply with any such arrangements,  rights, privileges and  concessions;  $H#S������F 'J  r. *XX  V , 'i - \.  (If        . J*  iTNOPSDI  OF  GOAL  tONOTO  BWTJ������A??09ni  - Coal mining rights of the Pomia'  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, tbe Yukon Territory, the'  Nortbvwest Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years renewal for a fur- - 1v .-, ��������� ^,..  ther term of 21 years at an annua) ������\'jXXxj  rental of $1 an acre.    Not more than '/,T*'" '   ''  2^560  acres   will   be leased   to   one  applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which tbe rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be   described   by   sections,   or   legal,  sub-divisions of sections, and ..in nu-  surveyed   territory   the  tract  applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must bo accompanied by a tee of #6 wbich will be refunded if the rights applied for aro  not available, but nolotherwiso. A  royalty shall t>e paid on the met-*  chan'table output of the mine at tho  rate of; five cents per ton.    v  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity ot  merchantable coal mined and pay' the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, sueh returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, rescinded by Chap.  27 of 4-5 George V. assented to 12th  .June,  1914. "��������� X  Fbr full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  N.6.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������83575. ?������tf|  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL l&s'Xxx x. Xx* '���������>  -���������V     . -,   -"  I !>i  I  1  'I       4'  8  THE'WESTERN  CALL  ���������%-,'-  -.*/*>  ^Friday,   December ' 10;   19151  Editor Haggen, of the Mining  and Engineering Record, will  speak at the American Club  luncheon on Saturday. '  The Western Club has decided  to exclude all English papers  owned by Lord Northcliffe from  the club in view of the opinions  expressed by these periodicals in  regard to the war.  Persons wishing to travel to the  old .country are informed that  certificates of identity must be  secured at Ottawa or at the im  migration offices in order to book  passages. An identification card  signed by a prominent resident  of a community will not be sufficient. Not being an official document it is valueless.  WILHELM  i -    )  When  thy time   comes  to  meet  the reaper Death,  When thine eyea dim and comes  , the rattling breath,  When Power, Empire, Adulation  cease.  Thy   passing'moment   shall   not  come with Peace!  Dark shadows,   spectres     grim,  about thy bed,  Wild accusations fill thy ringing  ,   head.  Thou shalt step out in darkness,  mad with fears!  The  cries   of  slaughtered thousands in thine ears!  No comfort shall thy guilty soul  SRDstain;  Ats^fUbu didst give, so shalt thou  Xrrttffer pain;  The deathless Styx .will ebb  in  angiy flood, * <���������    X .   -  From bank  to  bank  'twill flow  in tears and blood,  Alone,   abhorred;  thy   trembling  soul shall fly  From  deeds  of darkness-to the  light on High.  Ten thousand victims waft thee  at the Throne,1  Thine   eyes shall  have   to meet  ��������� .'them���������all alone!  False Friend,   false  King, false  Knight, and Empire's trust  By thee bedraggled through the  very dust-  Shall guilt by wholesale easy be  forgiven1?  -TwilV' take   the mercy   of   the  .whole of heaven!  Thy people left with thy disgrace  to bear."  A thousand years can't make thy  name more fair!  Oh! think thee. Kaiser, of   the  coming  day!  It dawns for Kings and Peasants  1      come what may,  With  homely smock and kingly  crown aside,  Eaeh starts his journey with the  final tide,  Down  laid the sceptre and the  lowly rod,  To cross and meet the Master-  King and God,  Where  souls  are weighed  with  justice calm and clear,  Oh! think thee, Kaiser! Hast thou  any fear?  = CUT FREIGHT RATES  Household Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world at a saving  you of from  25  per   cent, to 45 per cent.,  owing  to our  improved  method ���������  packing and superior shipping facilities.   For "Fireproof" Storage, Bemoval  in "Car Vans," High Grade Packing, or Shipping at  prompt, reliable and courteous service.  "WE KNOW HOW"  'Cut Bates" see  bev. w. l. Armstrong, b. a., d. d.  THIRD  INTELLECTUAL  EVENING SERIES  Rev. W. L. Armstrong, B.A.,  D. D., of MeDougall Methodist  church, Edmonton, will be the  speaker at the third of the series of Intellectual Evenings held  under the auspices of the board  of the   Mt. Pleasant   Methodist  church. Dr. Armstrong will speak  on "Making Good, or the Philosophy of Life," and his address is bound to be high class.  Dr. Armstrong was educated at  Wesley College, Winnipeg, and  held chagers at various points  on the prairie and for a time  was pastor of the Metropolitan  Methodist church, Toronto.  * *   X  NOTES  AND  COMMENTS  If you have a bit of news,  Send it in,  Or a joke that will amuse,  "Send it in.  A , story that is true,  Au incident thats new,  We want to hear from yon���������  Send it in. '  U.X  ESTABLISHED 1886 ��������� ������ -    -  Ceperley, Rowwefell & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS ������m* INSURANCE  .' Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent." to 7 per cent.  ���������.     ,_   Bents-and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on'First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.    *��������� '  4     . Insurance���������Fire, lafe, Aceideut) Marine, Automobile, Employers'  Liability. ,                            .  100,000,000 PRY YEARLY  Facilities for the propagation  of salmon, by artificial means,  have now reached such 'a high  degree of efficiency throughout  the province that the twelve hatcheries over which Chief Inspector of Dominion Fisheries F. H<  Cunningham, exercises direct .supervision, are capable of hatching approximately 100,000,000  fry each season. This enormous  figure is exclusive, of the millions of trout fry which are  hatched every season, but which"  come on during* the spring of the'  year, after the salmon have been  liberated. A      "  WHEN PAUL LANDED  IN .MACEDONIA  JWWi Ikink ewttns.  **^^ tvwBPPIp wOf   ewimnj  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON * CO.  PuWic Works Contractors  Bead Office, 81045 Sower BuUcUng  SeywowX836  VANOOtfVTO m CANADA  Dominion Coal Co,  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds of Wood Phone: Fair. ISM  Mount Pieasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  atallhoura.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  "In addition to being Roman  Catholics, we have the honor to  be British soldiers." Such was  the concluding passage of a letter sent by some Irish prisoners  of war, in Germany to the Kaiser. Exceptionally favorable,  ment had been extended to those  prisoners in the hope that they  could be induced to form ah Jr  ish 'legion "in the German army.  In thanking the Kaiser for this  favor extended to them, they  employed, the above- memorable  words.  910 BLOW NEXT SPJWNG  Operations in the Bussian  theate Avill not assumer first-  class importance for some time,  in the opinion of the "Times"  correspondent at the Bussian  headquarters. He points. out that  the Germans are sending more  men and guns to the west and  to the Danubian front, but fierce  fighting is going on, and is likely  to continue on either flank of the  700-mile battle line. In spite of  the loss of something like a score  of divisions the Germans on the  Bussian front still dispose of huge  forces aggregating over 800,000  bayonets and 80,000, sabres. With  the aid of numerous guns, innumerable Maxims, and miles upon  miles of barbed wire, the- enemy  can hold out in various sectors  whence men have been transferred long enough to bring them  back to face an emergency. In  the words of a high authority,  "The second stage of the war on  this front concluded with the fihr  al stoppage of the invasion. The  third stage will begin when we  proceed to drive back the invaders Any offensive that we may  undertake meanwhile must necessarily partake of the character  of a preliminary operation to  the great blow which we, conjointly'-with" our Allies, will-deliver next spring.  Kavalla   the Macedonian   seaport  belonging to Greece, where  the allies are said to have landed  is now little known to western  Kurope, but it has played an important part under another name  in the political and religious history- of the world. It stands onthe  site' of ancient - Neapolia,' where  Brutus and Cassius moored their  flee^  before they  fought   their  final battle -for Republican Borne  at neighboring Philippi.  ., It was at Kavalla that St. Paul  landed in the following century  when summoned by a dream to  "come   over   and   help   Macedonia.   Mohammed Ali, who rose  from a common sailor to be the  greatest Khedive of Egypt, was a  patriotic    native    of    Kavalla,  where his memory is kept green  by educational and charitable institutions.   The   Germans,   who  "thought  of  everything,"  long  ago recognized the strategic importance of this forgotten    seaport, and there is, or was lately,  a _strong  colony.'of  "peacefully  penetrating." Teutons' in the opposite island of. Tharcs.  AMERICANS FEEL  VEHY TWPBBPAWSP  "The sense of impotence which  the people of the United States  have felt during the recent crisis with Germany has stung the  people into the present sentiment for preparedness," declared Dr. H. L. Trumbull, of the  department of chemistry at the  University of Washington in Seattle, while on a recent visit to  this city. President Wilson has  changed his attitude with respect to preparedness. But I feel  sure that he has not judged the  full measure of sentiment for  preparedness in the country. Congress will no' doubt go much  stronger for preparedness than  the President has in mind to  ask."  "There has been no neutrality of feeling among the people  of the United States after the  Lusitania was sunk and after  Edith Cavell was shot. I should  judge that fully 95 per cent of  the people want to see Germany  beaten. Among the university  professors at Washington I know  of but one who has been an advocate of the cause of Germany.  And he has, been greatly discountenanced by the stand he has;  faken. Their sympathies are'  with the allies;"  QkMPBEUSroRACE (OMPANY  Oldest amp largest in West ERrre an ad a  T^one Seymour 7360 Otitce:857Beatty Street!  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  ���������   G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1J37L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON &. MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rtanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kaisomining  Shop: 106E Dunsmuir St. Vaneoi  B.C.  VERNON FEED CO.  255   BROADWAY EAST  Best  Store for POULTRY  Supplies  Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed  Branches at 49th and Fraser; 270 Joyce, Rd., Collingwood  Fhonesi:   Fair.   186-878  and    Fraser    175  We carry everything you need for successful Poultry Raising.  Our Standard is "Quality, Service and Low Prices."  PHONES: Pair. 186-878 & Fraser 175  Bwttfbr  Vfear.Slyla,  ftConrfbrt  M*dai9  SUc������ Tfot Defy Winter Wcatfor  Good, honest, solid, substantial boots  and shoes tbat you can depend upon  being made properly from-the strongest-wearing leather���������isn't iB really  economy to buy that kind!        4  MOOT! BOOTS  for   years   have   retained   their repu-,  tation for durability, appearance and  comfort.   You   can't go wrong   when  you invest in LECKIE ^ tbe made-in  6. C. Boo^s. At all dealers.  /"XX!,  : ���������?#  Jit- -  4* '%���������������  f  ,J.J&?  \ wien furnishing go down town FIRST and price goods, the������  come and compare our prices and quality.  Chairs from 30c, Tables 50c, Dresser* $3.75 to $19.00, Beds $2,450 to  $20.00, Range $12.00, Beater, $3.50, Oas Ranges, $3.50.  PIANO���������Cost $650.00.   Practically New     $200.00  XMAS PRESENTS  We have a nice line of BricvBrac and other Ooods suitable  for Gifts, including select new Japanese China, etc., at half regular price. Some choice prints. One very fine pair colored Prints by  Perez. Cost $35.00 for    $12.50  COME AND LOOK AROUND  MOUNT PLEASANT  HOUSE FURNISHERS  8TH and MAIN.  OPEN EVENINGS  KHAKI  ABMLETS  The man with the khaki armlet, the new emblem issued under  the scheme of the Earl of Derby, director of recruiting, to men  who are eligible for military  duty but who have been excused  frorn^ service or are waiting to  be called upon, has made its ap  pearance in the old country.  The Weekly Dispatch has this  to say of the new armlet: "Who  that is fit will care to be" without one? His lot will not be  enviable.  He  will be classed  as  an outcast. Yet four hundred  young men who had pledged  themselves to make any sacrifice  rather than enlist met in conversation in London recently, ostensibly to promote the no-conscrip-  tionist agitation, but really to  vindicate their right to shirk on  conscientious grounds. They were  members of the no-conscription  fellowship which claims to have  branches in all parts of. the country- and| it was indicated that resistance would be offered to conscription  if  it became  a  law."

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