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The Western Call Dec 3, 1915

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Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People
m
JT. J.    L%mnm
J, M. MdntjPM   -
Funeral Dfeaetor
T.X learnty*Cfc
At your Mrviee day and
night
Moderate charges-
802 Broadway Wa*
Pfcms; gate. Mil
IOLUME VII.
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY,  DECEMBER 3,  1915
5 Cents <Per Copy.
No. 30.
tRITISH COLUMBIA
SHARES IN THE LOAN
VANCOUVER'S   subscription   of   $1,820,000
the Canadian war loan is satisfactory  from
whatever angle it may be viewed. As a demonstration of the patriotic spirit it indicates all
lhat could be desired. Also it proves that this
kty, though just having passed through a ra-
pher severe depression, is anything but "broke."
Fhe subscriptions have proven that Upwards of
^2,000,000 has been lying in the city banks
fenly awaiting an opportunity for a- safe invest-
Iment.
One   great  advantage   in   investing in this,
Canada's first domestic loan, is that the money
[remains in Canada and goes back into eircula-
Ition in Canada. Moreover thosevwho have in-��
[vested in it have not really impaired their in-
jvestment powers should they desire to. embark
[their capital in other directions, because the
(scrip will be easily negotiable and will, doubt-
[less, be considered" security for a considerable
[margin of borrowing by the banks.
British Columbia as a whole has done well
Ifor. the: loan, Victoria having subscribed even
[more heavily than this city>X Upwards of $3,-
1500,000 has been taken in the province.
PROHIBITION
KLLY SUNDAY'S MESSAGE
TO TORONTO
THE MESSAGE that Billy Sunday gave at
Lhe two big meetings in Toronto on Monday was
Inost impressive. It bore directly on the liquor
traffic and its results.   It is true, that many
4 \ '
>eople do not admire the way in which Mr.
Junday presents his arguments. They-shrink
from the  ever-increasing  catalogue < of  adjec-
> k ���*��&&��� &   "���:
^|^|M^*gf^V|
THIS JOURNAL has for seven years stood
frankly and openly for prohibition and temperance. Consequently, we feel we have a right to
offer criticism or advice in connection with the
movement.
In our opinion, the prohibition convention
which met in the Labor Temple last night has
committed a serious error, and has injured their
cause rather than advanced it. Virtually, the decision of the convention means that the prohibitionists aire going to "peddle" their cause to'
the Liberals" and the Socialists; or, in other
words, are\seeking to make some partizan political alliance which is a complete "vote de face"
from theirV former attitude. The absurdity of
this position is illustrated in their own resolution, in one clause of which they instruct the
committee to make overtures to different political parties -as outlined above; and in another
clause they solemnly state that they have no
use for political parties, and assume a "holier-
than-thou" attitude towards politics.
Now, what does the decision of this convention really, mean? First, that they are going to
seek from the Liberal party some promise. (And
it should be noted that the Liberal party are
not in a position to officially commit the country to anything, as they are not only out of
power, but have not a single representative in
the Provincial1 House). Secondly: It means that
they are inviting the' liquor interests to ally
themselves with the present Government force.
In, fact, they 'are forcing a militant liqUor
party, influential and wealthy, into- the ranks,
of the most powerful party; and then they pur-'
pose to ally themselves 'with a political pi
which has no representatives in the House,
expect in this manner rtovsu.g " "''^'"
^th# '-���^ -;*-.�� j-- ^* Uwk!it*
British Columbia for the next ten years.
We are of the opinion that prohibition, can
be carried without any serious difficulty, providing it is kept clear of partizan politics; and if it
is defeated, it will be because of the shortsightedness of its leaders, and because a certain element. within the ranks of the prohibitionists think first of the political opportunity
presented to advance the interests of the Liberal party.
BLr Richard
' A word with respect to the attitude of Sir
Richard. Frankly, we do not agree with his
attitude in its entirety, but we confess he has
gone a long way to meet the views of the prohibitionists���and it should be borne in mind
that this movement was only launched in July,
and we cannot expect to carry a sweeping reform such as this on the first attempt. Any
reform which has been permanent has never
heen secured except by a long and bitter fight.
In our opinion, it would be well to accept Sir
Richard's proposal to submit a plebiscite; and
if- he suggests that other questions should be
submitted at the same time, we cannot possibly
object to the principle just so long as the one
question on prohibition is clear-cut and straight.
\" Sir Richard's statement regarding early clos-
J^g* should be welcomed and fostered, and not
majigned and condemned' as was done at the
convention, which attitude, in our opinion, is
stupid,^d na^wr       'J       *-       l ' \
��� j|It<^i_o't:J$$k^k&$$* warn prohibitiphists
' tnat  ^ _ most   cherished
:\ gwiite-^^ ta make par-
 WM^^^AMm^M- :X
GREAT BRITAIN AND
RUSSIAN TRADE
TWENTY YEARS AGO Great Britain prac-,
tically monopolized the Russian market in manufactured articles, but she has since been overtaken by Germany owing to the disinclination
to allow the long credits given by that country. -
Ultra-conservative methods of business and unwillingness to .quote in Russian currency and
weights and measures, or to follow the Gerinwi
example of  quoting deliveryat frontierXvHh;
duty paid, hampered progress.    It is said that
the use of travellers in order^^_te^';^^oi(M^
with customers wss neglected, and' that British
manufacturers declined to  entrust their interest to export merchant houses.     Thus the direct business became limited to the largest dealers in the Russian centres, and it might be said
that the business Great Britain was doing iri
Russia until recently, was due largely to the
fact that British, goods were actually demanded
by customers, and not to their 'Ak^e^xtyae^ye^ykv.
pushed.     Evidences  of a saluta^ change  in
this  regard are now at hand.  : That Britistt
trade with Russia still as large as itV should be
taken as a tribute to the intirosic excellence:
of the goods supplied. .kyA/k///Aykyykl
X'-'fiVI
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Wm
XiW,$J
villi.
r,^~Ay��-*A*:-;;&tl%'?ly.
A-���'%'������'
:��*-*..
THS TRAGEDY OF THE ARCTIC
THE TRAGEDY of the ^c^l^z^Jine^
and great ships pinched by the ice BJad g^-^d
to pieces "by shifting floes^has teen told ^
times'
ihe
It*,
Axctio
���ttemi
ra
f^X
���*v-X ^i v
sf the salottw/ and Monday's meetings were re
Xv
^^B^f^^^_?l^^*ili��( /-ci^eiw^; ��� 'V-'Committee'.;-. of.'
Sej^^ifd-' received! thereby, time will dis-
|close, but:-kt$e[ aroused temperance spirit; which
permeating the ranks of good  ciitiens  was
surelyXtisplayed in terms most enthusiastic by
Ithe. large audience present.     One thing is apparent,   that  the new   movement,   or perhaps
better styled, the old movement in new forra,
[is not the project of any political party.���Sentinel.     X
ME. PJtEWSTEft IN MONTREAL
MR. HC. BREWSTER has been telling the
Reform Club in Montreal what a very bad fix
British Columbia is in at the present. He said
"Today the depression is more keenly felt in
British Columbia than elsewhere in Canada,"
and he says the depression is not due entirely to
the war. It is bad enough to have Liberal politicians here at home in their attacks upon their
opponents to draw the long bow in decrying
conditions in this province, but we would ask
what is to be gained by emitting their wails
3,000 miles from home? How do they expect
to improve matters by pouring out their woes
to their political friends in the east? Would
it not have been in better taste for Mr. Brewster, and would it not have been more cheerful
for his hearers, if he could have regaled them
with a glowing and convincing account of the
prospects of the success of his party in British
Columbia? Why did he not dilate upon the
complete harmony which flourishes like a green
bay tree in the ranks of his party in British
Columbia ? Why not enumerate the various candidates, explaining what influential and able
men the party is offering the people as members
of the.'��� next legislature ?
Why did he not hearten his co-partizans by
telling them what a tower of strength Joe
Martin is to the party in British Columbia ? In
fact there was. so much of. a cheerful and optimistic nature which a Liberal leader of British
Columbia might have told his Montreal friends
that we cannot understand his idea in spinning
so doleful a tale as Mr. Brewster handed out
in the Eastern City.
But, after all perhaps, Mr. Brewster, who personally is honest and conscientious, cannot bring
himself to cheerfulness or pleasantries when he
reflects upon his party and its prospects in this
province.
IfllpIIIlll
v|f$ppip^v
^j_rSrot��;t^
with the Liberal party these days.; The JjibX
erai organ, the Sun, 'for-months"has en^favpred
to extract', political'-, advantage from the libellous "Crisis," while at/the same time dodging
responsibility for it. Even since the Lucas libel
trial it has tried to save some poor crumbs of
reputation for "Tne Crisis" in the hope that its ,
party may derive some advantage from it. Jt
says the other statements in " The -Crisis" have
not  been  disproven  yet. X
Leaving out of consideration Mr. Bowser's
reply-to4t, which a good-many-intelligent-men-
are content to accept as a conclusive answer
to the charges in "The Crisis," the factJ*hat
the Ministerial Union admits they depend entirely upon the information of Moses B. Cotsworth for the statements contained in "The
Crisis" and that the veracity of the latter gentleman was proven in court to be a totally negligible quantity, we must conclude that the Sun
and the Liberal party are hard put to it for material with which to attack the government.
Surely the eminent K. C, Mr. Wade, the editor
of the Sun, is sufficiently familiar with the rules
of evidence to know that statements emanating from Mr. Cotsworth are absolutely worthless as proofs of anything. No jury in Vancouver would hang a yellow dog on his testimony
now, yet Mr. Wade, in his partizan zeal, would
try to make the discredited "Crisis" still serve
a party purpose.
And on the prohibition question, we find the
Sun alternately accusing the prohibitionists of
being in secret league with the government, advocating compensation and reassuring the prohibitionists that the Liberals are their friends
because the party promises to enact legislation
making the referendum a statute of. British
Columbia, and through it, perhaps, to adopt a
measure of prohibition possible. And that
promise, such as it is, is made only by an irresponsible section of the party, the party as a
whole not having been consulted. We do know
that a group of Liberals, quite as responsible and
probably more influential, is resolutely opposed
to prohibition, and this group includes men who
have for years been high in the party's councils.
So we have a promise of an irresponsible
group pf Liberals that" they will pass a law to
enable them' to submit a prohibition law to the
^people. Before a prohibition law could be submitted to the people by this procedure much
water will have flowed under bridges and many
things will have happened.
The official platform of the party only declares
VicBfav:or l^^s^; oi^^^ii^; 'J0^n^^Jin^0^A
^ou\^o�� liquors v'; sold*ej^0^^^$^^B^}^
'k- ' -;T^e';pla^6rm .a^o ^e'ej^^
initiative, referendum and recall on general principles. Jt is doubtful if this legislirtive, novelty
of. purely American origin., will find favor, even
in the ranks. of Liberals when it is properly understood.   It is "not regarded favorably by some
influential liberals now pud was incorporated
in the ofltcial platform of the party at the request of a small but energetic section of the
-.party. '       ,'v ..:���._.,. ',,.''..-.
The initiative, referendum and recall is a
measure adopted largely as a remedy against the
notoriously corrupt governments of certain sections of the United States where the principles
of responsible government are not understood or
not valued as they are in this country. At best
the measure undermines the responsibility of
parliament and the cabinet. No popular government should be permitted to shirk its responsibility for legislation. The course of the
provincial government qn the prohibition question shows that it appreciates its responsibility
to all sections of. the community. But the Liberals, if they were in power, would shirk all
responsibility, that is all they could. If a referendum were carried it would still be responsible for the enactment and enforcement of the
law. If the law were found defective or incapable of enforcement the Liberal government
would simply pass the responsibility back to
the people who framed the law.
That is not. our idea of responsible government. If it is proven that there is a well defined wish of a majority of the people for legislation along certain lines, then it is the duty
of the government to legislate along those lines
and to be fully responsible for the framing,
passage, enactment and enforcement of the law.
It should be held fully accountable for its entire course with reference to legislation and
stand or fall by it.
When there is a doubt as to the wishes of a
majority of the electorate, or where there is a
conflicting of interests then the majority should
rule, but that majority must first be ascertained.
This can be done by taking a plebiscite. The
result of the plebiscite Avill be a mandate to the
government which must then act accordingly
and stand on its record. That would appear to
be the only course possible under the British
constitutional system in vogue in British Columbia.
 ^^^jSf^i^l^^
J0$^f#o^ "A
:^hhwn^b^-nt6iw
lect customs frbm the- wh^re t^b^-^
ic seas.  They ariyed on J}ece^t^rV31st and re-
jforted the loss of the " Karluk, *' which plater A
was found to have ground to pieces in the we
floes.   The survivors from, the ship were, taken
to civilization by the revenue cutter '' Bear. ���'
Despite the loss of his ship, Stefansson continued on with his work of research ^and on
March 22hd started
to the northward to attempt to discover a new
land, or the polar continental shelf. Meanwhile, all hope had been given up of their ultimate rescue. He and his two companions were
caught on an ice floe, and drifted offshore to the
eastward, a very unusual happening, for the
ice floes generally drift to the westward. Since
then,,after eighteen months of silence, the world
has again been rather startled with the story
of. his achievements in the harshest land in the
world. Perhaps of all the men who follow the
calling of the sea, the whaler's life is the most
dangerous. Ice, wind and snow and the leviathans of the deep form a combination that makes
the lives of these  men   a  risky  one.
One of the greatest of these dangers is that
of losing their ship when far up in Arctic regions. This lost, the men are thrown on the
mercy of a sterile land, without shelter, and
where food is not always to be had, even in the
form of land and sea animals. Most whalers,
particularly American ones,, when they go into
the region lying off the coast of Hudson Bay,
however, do spend two winters on a trip. This
necessitates freezing their ship inside the "tide
crack," a strip of. ice lying beyond,the shore
line for a mile or so which is not affected by the
tides. Outside of this zone the ice that forms is
not safe. Often, though, the whalers have the ill
fortune to be frozen in outside the "tide crack.",
In this event the ship is doomed and the
crews taking everything available desert it and
travel to the mainland. The reason for this is
the heaving of the ice when the tide comes in,
exerting billions of tons pressure on the ice edge.
The whole expanse heaves up under this force
carrying the ship on the upward motion. Then,
presently the ice comes down and the ship is
ground to pieces just like a whale boat in the
mouth of some monstrous whale. Some such
fate as this was met by the "Karluk." Friday,  December 3,  1915  BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBER  Government Takes Measures to  Widen Market  The largest market for B. C;  lumber will always be the neigh  boring    prairie    provinces,  the  quantity consumed by Alberta,  Saskatchewan and Manitoba  amounting to 60 per cent, of the  total production. The actual  amount, which in 1912 was seven  or eight hundred million feet fell  in 1914 and 1915 to about half  that quantity. It is this loss combined with the heavy fall in lumber prices and the falling off in  the amount of timber used in B.  C. itself which has brought about  depression in the lumbering industry of this province. With  town and city building opera-  , tions on the prairies at a standstill for the time being, with the  construction of. new railroads  more or less completed, the difficult problem of how to increase  the consumption of lumber in  the prairies has been pressing for  solution.  An investigation on the subject of lumber consumption on  the prairies which the Minister of  Lands directed to be made has  disclosed the fact that buildings  on the average farm have not  kept pace with crop productioni  There exists a great heed, which  will continue for many years, for  all manner of farm buildings, particularly for implement sheds,  granaries and barns for livestock. Nearly every farm is without some building essential to  really profitable farming. The  prairie agricultural authorities,  of course, have beenv, fully alive  to this situation, and in all three  provinces have been, considering  the issuance of pamphlets dealing with the need and advantages  of more up-to-date buildings on  the farms. They are encouraging  farmers in every possible way to  go in for mixed farming, which,  of course, cannot be successfully  carried on without well designed buildings.  Inasmuch as the principal' material for all these buildings is  wood, the results of the investigation mentioned made it evident that here lay an opportunity to give real service to   the  farmer which would at the same  time inevitably lead to an increased use of lumber. An offer  to co-operate with the University  of Saskatchewan in the preparation and publication of a complete series of bulletins on farm  buildings was cordially accepted  by the Minister of Lands, and  for the last six months or more  officials of the Forest Branch and  the College of Agriculture of  the University have been engaged  in this work. Some of the bulletins are now being delivered by  the printer, and the final one  will be finished shortly. The series comprises ten bulletins in all,  and covers the following subjects:  1. Combination or General Purpose barns for prairie farms.  2. Dairy   barns,   milk and   ice  houses for prairie farms.  3. Beef cattle barns for j>rairie  farms.  4. Horse Barns for;.prairie farms  5. Sheep     barns    for     prairie  farms.  6. Piggeries and smokehouse for  prairie  farms.  7. Poultry   houses   for   prairie  farms.  ; 8. Implement sheds and granaries for prairie farms.  9. Silos   and   root cellars    for  prairie farms.  10. Farm     houses . for    prairie  farms.  The pamphlets are of handy  size, well arranged and contain  illustrations of the various plans.  Besides information dealing with  the use of buildings, and method  of erecting them, complete bills  of material are given. The bulletins will thus assist the farmer to  decide upon the designs, for a  building and render it very easy  for him to estimate cost and to  order materials.  An introduction to each bulletin explains the objects aimed at,  and describes in a general way  the lumber industry and forest  policy of the province. A chapter  at the end treats of the merits of  British Columbia ~woods, and the  uses for which they are best adapted. The covers are utilized to  describe briefly the timber resources of the province. Through  farm journals and local prairie  newspapers the farmers" attention will be drawn to these publications and systematic distribution will be made by the department and the prairie lumber commissioner  at  Regina.  Altogether these bulletins  mark aJ new departure in governmental activities in connection with the lumber industry  and one which will be watched  with interest, particularly since  the increase of industrial production in British Columbia depends  so seriously upon the utilization  of our immense forest resources  and the successful development  of the lumbering industry.  MR. ABERNETHY S  SONG  RECITAL  Electrical Gifts WiU Give Greater Satisfaction  Ugbt the Way ta Palter Business  Utilize the brilliant white radiance of the Tungsten  Lamp in your show windows and throughout your store  for the holidays.  Take advantage of our special price offers:  Size Price  25 Watt   25 Cents  40 Watt   25 Cents  60 Watt ,    25 Cents  A whole case (100 lamps) or a half case (50 lamps)  will   be   sold  at OO  per   lamp  Maw '2 C  4  See display,, of these lamps at our salesrooms.  CABRAIX  AND  HASTINGS  STREETS  Phone Sey. 5000. 1138 Granville St., near Davie  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Sir Thomas Taylor, formerly  Chief Justice of Manitoba, now  residing in Hamilton, Ont., is on  his way to spend the winter in  Vancouver.  At a rough estimate the capital wealth of the. British Empire  is $130,000,000,000, and its yearly income $20,000,000,000, according to Reginald McKenna,  chancellor of the -exchequer of  the British House of Commons.  BLEEDING GERMANY WHITE  An .American yiew of the War  '' Germany is Beaten "is the  heading of an exhaustive leader  in the New ,York "Tribune,"  which has been notable for its  brilliant analysis of the-war's  progress.  Germany and> Austria, our contemporary points out, are outnumbered. The wealth and resources of Great Britain, Prance,  and Russia are incomparably  greater. British sea power has  destroyed German commerce and  sealed German harbours, while  for the Allies the sea brings all  the resources of America and the  colonies to the battle line.  A single significant fact of the  military situation now is , that  Germany is bleeding- to delfth.  The fighting on three fronts is  a terrible drain on Germany, utterly disproportionate to the  drain on' any one of her opponr  ents. It may take a year or two  to bleed' Germany white, but the  process is going on steadily and  remorselessly, and as it goes on  Germany continues to fail to get  a decision.  The German opportunity to obtain a decision has passed. The  proof of this assertion is that: to  go to the Balkans Germany had  to abandon the Russian drive.  Apart from local operations at  Riga, the effort to crush Russian  military"pov^rhM^beeif labah^  doned. Russia has been left to  recuperate as France and Britain were left too recuperate their  position after the Marne and  Yser. In the West, Germany is  barely hanging on.  Viewing the war from this angle it is clear why German statesmen talk and think of peace.  There is no corresponding talk  in London, Paris and Petrograd.  The "Tribune" warns the American public against premature  peace talk from German sources,  which is sure to follow any local success in the Balkans, and  compares this with the frantic  and abortive? peace efforts of the  American pacifists in 1864. Only  unexpected Aveakness in the final chapter on the part of the  allies   can   avert  the  inevitable.  Bernhardi, the "Tribune" says,  foretold with inexorable logic  that; if Germany failed to get a  decision over one of her several  foes before all were ready she  must lose, and she failed, and  failed utterly. In spite' of local  successes Germany is now approaching what will be her last  great bid for victory, but it  will not be made on the battlefield. That is over. It will, be  made in conferences, in peace negotiations, and in operations  through neutrals. If .these'fail we  shall presently see the whole  character of the conflict change,  and an utterly new spirit flow  from the Rhine to the Vistula.  The song recital of Mr. Emerson Abernethy at the Hotel Vancouver last week was received  with expectant appreciation by  a large number of people. Mr.  Abernethy is known to a great  many Vancouver people and his  opening recital augurs welt for  future success. here.  His masterly technique, acquired in the best European studios,  was seen to advantage iri the  Irish Aprile of De Lena, in Mas-  cagni's "Serenata," and Gounod's "Le Soir," while nothing  could be more delicious than the  sensibility and tenderness shown  in his interpretation of Pes-  sard's "L'Adieu de Matin,"and  d'Hardelot's "Sans Toi." His  even quality of tone, and unusual sense of. rhythmic value was  very marked in the old English  ballade, Quitter's setting of "O  Mistress Mine," being given with  such sweetness and spirit as to  evoke an enthusiastic encore. Mr.  Abernethy's unusual versatility,  which marks him out as the born  artist, enabled him to deal with  such widely different ballads as  Kipling's "Mother o' Mine;"  and "The Little Irish Girl," in  the same felicitous perfect manner^  "The Death.of Nelsbn," which  ended this splendid programme,  was a revelation of the possibilities of this immortal song. Mr.  Abernethy did it full justice, and  the exquisite pathos with which  he invested the last verse by the  magic of his interpretation will  linger in the memory for many at  day to come.  Miss Elsie Alexander' accompanied in splendid style.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY STX VANCOUVER; B.&  A ONE-RAIL TRAIN  Think of travelling from New  York to Chicago in a couple of  hours,! Imagine breakfasting in  Winnipeg and having supper in  Vancouver. Picture yourself,  speeding across the continent at  the rate of at least 500 miles  an hour in a train that sometimes runs on the rails, but more  frequently glides smooth ly  through  the   air.  All this is rather startling, even  in the morning of the 20th century; but it is exactly what a  Cape Town inventor is seriously  promising the world. What is  fmore,: "those who have seen the  working of the model would not  be very much surprised should  the promise be made good, at  least, to  a  degree. X  His name is Essen and he hails  originally from Birmingham  England. The train which he has  devised is to run upon a 0 single  rail with a cable overhead. The  power will be electricity, and  there is a trolley pole at each  end of every car to convey; the  current from the cable to the motors below. There is also an aeroplane device by which the train  may be lifted from the rail when  sufficient speed has been attained and supported in the air. The  velocity is then to be maintained, or even increased, by means  of propellors with which the  train is to be fitted.  Mr. Essen assures us that a  speed of 500 miles an hour can  be maintained with ease and  will be entirely safe for the passengers. He also points to the  economy of a. monorail road, especially one that is to be used  by trains developing power to  surmount any grade and able to  fly.  But confident as he is . of ��������� revolutionizing transportation, he  is forced to admit that a tiny  model sometimes does things that  are not to be reproduced on the  larger scale of. the practical machines they are supposed to miniature.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.   x  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS,  Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BUTTERNUT  8REA0  Rich 8 3  Butter"  SHELLY'S  WRAPPED  .BUTTER-NUT  BREAD  5c  FULL  POUND  LOAF  Sweet as  ANut-  You Can't Get  Any More for 5c.  Nor Any Better  For More Than 5c  And Your Store  Sells It, or  Delivered Daily  Phone Fairmont 44  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers   of 4X   Bread  MART PICKFORD  The following from the Canadian Pictorial about the fascinating young moving picture actress will prove of interest to all  her friends:  When a young girl -wins the  unique distinction of becoming  the highest paid woman in history���������the position now held by  Mary Pickford, who, under the  guidance of the famous players  Film Company, has become the  most popular motion picture  star in the world���������it is interesting to know something of her  career, something of the influences and of the experiences  which have contributed to her  phenomenal progress.  Mary Pickford was born in  Toronto. She appeared on the  stage when a mere child of five.  After her first dramatic success  at this early age, she became a  member of. a Toronto stock company which she later left in order to join Chauncey iOlcott's  road company.  So marked was her success in  this venture that she attracted  the attention of David Belasco  /who was in quest bf a diminutive actress to appear tn his  great production, "The Warrens  Of Virginia." The manager's eye  rested upon the charming little blonde, girl���������and she -was requested to take the role.  After scoring a tremendous  personal success in" The' Warrens of Virginia," Miss Pickford  deserted the stage and became a  motion picture star, appearing in  biograph photo-plays under the  direction and tutelage of D. W.  Griffith. Miss Pickford's popularity was a thing of almost magic growth. Her winsomeness,  her unaffected simplcity, her insinuating smile, her consummate  artistry and above all, the irresistible "Pickford personality,"  enthroned her, and she has never  been seriously challenged by any  motion picture favorite.  From the Biograph Miss Pickford went to the Universal Film  Co., where her popularity continued to increase and her histrionic  talent developed with remarkabll  rapidity. When David Belascl  was again in search of a juvei  ile star,' this time for the leac  ing role in his masterftr, presents  tion of "A Good Little Devil,'  Mary Pickford was the logics  choice. Her phenomenal success ij  this role is a matter of the|  trical history.  This was the turning point iij  the little star's career, for i|  was her wonderfully sweet an<|  captivating interpretation of thd  stellar role in "A Good Littw  Devil" that won the attention oi  the Famous Players Film Co. The,  , ready adaptability of the play tc  the requirements of the motibi  picture also impressed itself upoi  the film producers, with the re-J  suit that arrangements were com-)  pleted ^between-.Mr. l Belasco^ and  the Famous Players whereby the  latter should" star Mary Pickford, supported by the entire ori-l  ginal cast, in a photoplay adaptation of yA Good Little Devil."!  As the stage production had cap-]  tured Broadway, so did the pluX  toplay sweep the entire country.  So   great  was  the  popularity!  of  Miss Pickford   proven to  bel  by the success  of the  film  that!  the Famous Players decided   atj  once to obtain the exclusive services of the star whom they planned  to feature  in  future  adaptations of stage successes and of I  plays  written  especially  to suit]  her personality ,and under this!  management   she  has   appeared]  continuously for the past three]  years.  Little Mary was recently seen]  in "A Girl of Yesterday," a novel I  story  of  a  present-day romance j  in which she makes her bow as  an aviator, and her latest picture  is   a magnificent   adaptation of  John   Luther   Long's   world-famous, '' Madame Butterfly.''  It is said that through the films  Mary Pickford plays to 30,000,000  people a week.  A Splendid Assortment of  Christmas Cards  at The WESTERN CALL  OFFICE at prices within  your reach.   203 Kingsway X-  Xi  Friday, December 3,  1915  3  BRINGING A GUN INTO ACTION  , How the Work is Apportioned  The casual observer of a gun  letachment coming into action  night be excused; for thinking  that the entire crew was working  it one and the same job, instead  ->f each man being virtually a.  specialist performing an alloted  ftask.        s. .  Ten men constitute a gun   detachment, but of   that   number  lonly six are in the firing bat-  [tery,   the remaining four   being  [reserve. Bach  of these six  men  , are known by a number, beginning at one. Number One  is a  very important unit, a veritable  gun gaffer, in fact. He it is who  must   satisfy     himself     before  leaving gun park that his subsection is  in first-class working  trim, and if it is not, to report  immediately to the section commander.   And   quite   a number  of important things require looking after if irritating delays, or  even disaster, are to be avoided  later   on in the   day.   Even so  simple looking a mishap as leakage of. oil may lead to a serious  accident to  the  equipment during firing, and it takes a sharp  man to detect it.  A Lightning Calculator!  The rest of the detachment  take their working orders from  No. One, and when a general order is passed through the battery it is the same man who is  responsible for transmitting it to  the next gun detachment. But  Number One's task begins in real  earnest when his gun comes into action. It calls for a man  with a skilled eye to detect at  a. glance how the lay of the  ground selected is going to affect things. If the slope be a  forward one the trail of the gun  must be dug in an operation naturally affecting the level of the  gun. Or, as will very often happen, one wheel may be on a higher level than the. other, and it  devolves on the.chief gunner to  calculate the deflection necessary  to compensate for the difference,  unless time should allow for the  higher wheel being also dug into the earth. To arrive at a satisfactory solution Number. One  may have to resort to pencil  and paper, and work out a sum  in higher arithmetic and do it  with dead accuracy into the bargain, as once the gun has opened fire he must not alter this  ^deflection^lJrtiat Js aXcast^rpn  rule.  When, at last, the gun is firm  in its position, its extreme elevation becomes a matter of great  moment, and Number One is then  a busy-looking man indeed, as he  levels the bubble with the aid of  the hand wheel and keeps ah eye  glued on the range finder. Perhaps when everything is arranged to a nicety that irritating mishap, a miss-fire, occurs,  necessitating an operation almost on par with the motor car  when a tire bursts. But where  the gun is concerned a little  over-haste may lead to the  charge prematurely going off  While the breech is being closed  and to  a  ghastly  accident.  No. 2's Important Post ' *  Gunner Number Two is the  man who may be seen in any of  our urban military parades sit  ting on the seat facing the breech  and astride the brake arm. With  him rests the responsibility for  the brake being always in tiptop condition. When the gun is  cleared of its trappings he alone  opens and closes the breech, a  job presenting no great difficulty perhaps, but of vital impbrt-  ance, as may be guessed. If it  is not properly closed the gun  becomes more deadly behind  than in front, and the breech  piece will crush but in a whirlwind of death. Such accidents  have happened before (and nearly always with fatal results) but,  fortunately,  not often.  A mishap, much more likely to  come about is' when the breech  refuses to close owing, maybe, to  the cartridge case in the gun being dented and not going right  home. If the shell .will neither  go in nor come out, the cartridge  key is brought into requisition,  and a rope, tied to it if the obstinacy continues. It is anything  but a joke banging at a recalcitrant live shell, but when such a  contretemps occurs in a hotly  contested battle it may even  compel a hurried retreat of the  whole detachment.  Number Two is No. One's right  hand man, assisting him with  range and elevation, particularly  so when the order flies round the  battery that the target has been  changed. He is the man who sees  to it that the gun is depressed  immediately the signal to cease  fire has been given, or, should  ;t__e__st_il^  to   a   fresh   position,   that   the  #  COU-ECTJQN OF RENTS  Tou know' the maxim. If yoa want anything attended to, get a  person who is busy to do it. Our Rental Department devotes all its  time to the management of our clients' property, and the collection  of rents of every description.  North West Trust Company, Limited  E. B. MOBGAN, PBESIDENT  509 BICHABDS  STBEET. PHONE, SET.  7467  91  catch-pin is set at safety. Altogether, he is a most, important  member of the  detachmeht.;  XThe Man Ww Iflxes  Gunner No. Three attends to  the;������������������' eyer^necessary gun telescope  and ascertains that the eyepiece  is adjusted to the correct height,  and generally facilitates rapidity  in laying. As the gun comes into  action, his-right hand is pretty  sure to be found on the traversing hand, wheel, and his left on  the elevating one, while the clinometer and micrometer heads,  governing gun^deflection, are  never very far away from his  hand and mind. He is the man  who actually fires the gun by  smartly pulling and. firing lever  and as smartly releasing it, unless  it should happen, and it does at  times, that this, lever gets damaged, in which case Number One  hooks on a lanyard with lightning rapidity and does the firing  himself. In short, rapid and accurate firing depend more upon  gunner Number Three than any  other   of the six;  The Ammunition Men  To Number Four is allocated  the duty of seeing that one  round of ammunition is always  ready at hand, and he must also  be prepared to set the fuse at a  moment's notice. But perhaps  his most important task is the  placing of the head of the shell  into the bore, using the palm of  his hand to puSh it home, with  his fingers well drawn back lest  they be caught and squashed in  the breech when closed by Gunner Number Two. Apart from the  gun itself, his chief responsibility is to see to the lids and locks  of the ammunition boxes, and  also to the waggon brakes.  Gunners Numbers Five and  >Six may be scrutinised together,  as both are primarily ammunition meni and a regular and rapid supply* bf shells rests ' with  them. Six rounds should always  be availableir-that is to say, they  ought to be on the ground and  not inside waggons and limbers.  If a shell enters the gun indifferently Number Five will be  the man anathematised, . for,  probably, he has allowed damp  earth to adhere to the cartridge.  But generally throughout an action Number Five works hand  in glove with his mate Number  Six, though it is to Gunner Number Four that the ammunition is  handed, as he alone may place  it into the breech. Number Five  also attends to the fuse, the  length of which is called out by  his.mate^and along^with the latter, he is responsible for every  shell replaced in limbers having  the fuse fixed at safety.  THRIFT  Thrift is a virtue with limitations, but nevertheless it is a  virtue. Pushed to an extreme, it  becomes one of the meanest of  the vices, but in wholesome quantity it is a good, healthful thing.  We have not enough of it in  our day and are suffering thereby"        ������������������:/ "r.Ak  We talk tragically of the high  cost of living, but a good deal of  the trouble lies in the fact that  the living is high, higher than  it ought to be.  The discipline of sacrificing little things for thrift's sake is  food for the character as well  as   for the   purse.  To manage our resources with  a measure of prudence is a  righteous thing and not to do is  not only a misfortune but dangerously near a sin.  To be simple and unostentatious in one'8 habits and practices makes much for peace of  mind and genuine happiness, but  it makes also for righteousness  and honesty.  If instead of complaining at  the fact that only gives us a modest amount of this world's goods,  we faithfully tried to use it modestly, we would probably get  more satisfaction out of it, "find  it jro further, and in the end be  the  better for our effort.  A DETACHMXTT OF B. C. HOUSE  IN   DEVASTATED   FRANCE  One, J. T. Newbold, a Quaker  and a newspaper writer,' has been  fined $125 in England for infringing the ' ��������� Defence of the.  Realm'' Act. His offense consisted in writing in discouragement  of enlistment. There are many  who believe that the Dominion  government ought to apply some  such corrective to the breeders of  sedition in the province of Que  bee.  M. PJOHON ON BWTAIN  SERBIAN NATIONAL  -HYMN  ������  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  Although very little known, the  Serbian   National  Hymn is   one  of the finest in the world. It is  set to stirring music by Davorin  Yenko that would make a magnificent hymn   tune   for use   in  churches. The words have   been  translated, by   Elizabeth Christ-  itch, and the folkwing are the  first  and  last verses:  God of Justice! Thou Who saved  us  When in deepest bondage cast,  Hear     Thy     Serbian   children's  voices,  Be our help as in the past.  With Thy mighty   hand sustain  us,   ������������������  Still our rugged pathway trace  God, our Hope! protect and cherish  Serbian  crown    and.    Serbian  race!  On our sepulchre of. ages  Breaks the ressurection morn,  From the slough of direst slavery  Serbia" anew is born.  Through  five   hundred  years of  durance  We have knelt before Thy face  All our kin 0 God! deliver!  Thus entreats the Serbian race.  The Petit Journal of Paris publishes the last of a series of articles by M. Pichon on his visit to Great Britain. M. Pichon  says:     . (   .*  "It took many months for an  estimate to be formed of the  quantity of material necessary  to assure victory, but from the  very beginning of the war Lord  Kitchener understood that millions of men would be required,  and he accomplished an extraordinary feat. One of. the great  merits of British statesmen is  that they frankly admit their  mistakes. They hide nothing and  apply themselves resolutely to  the tasl-r of finding remedies.  "Conversations I have had  with Mr. Lloyd George, Lord  Kitchener, and Mr. Balfour  leave no doubt whatever as to  the unshakable firmness of their  decisions. When one has had the  opportunity of examining close  ly the British effort one feels  that one is face to face with a  people which will never cease its  endeavors; a people which will  continue the fight until the day  when Gemran militarism is completely exhausted.  "To this end Britain will employ all her resources, all her  determination, and all her brav-  cy, and come what may she will  go on to the end, no matter  how long the war may last. All  the authorities are assured of  the final triumph of Great Britain."  Concluding, M. Pichon says:  "At the banquet which terminated our stay in London, and at  which Lord Robert Cecil, M.  Cambon, and our excellent colleagues of the British Press made  such strong and reassuring  speeches, we expressed to our  friends our great gratitude to  them and our full confidence in  them. 1 repeat this here, so  that the representatives of the  British Admiralty, by whom w^  ���������were conducted, may know^that  we shall never forget the hours  of fraternal communion which  we passed together."  Correspondents and others returning from the' devastated  portion, of France from which  the Germans were driven after  the battle of the Marne emphasize the desolation prevailing  and the discouragements and  hardships under which the inhabitants of the stricken district are seeking to carry oh  their agriculture. The destruction of farms, cottages and  buildings in certain districts of  the Marne and the Meuse cannot be exaggerated. It is complete. Sometimes it was wrought  by shell, but more often by incendiarism. As the French approached the ' Germans when  they had time set fire to the  buildings.  The devastated region lies between VRheims and Clermont-en-  Argonne, in the north, and Bar-  le-Duc and FereTChampenoise in  the south the worst districts be  ing in the region of Yaubicourt,  Rembercourt,     Beauzee   Vassiri-  court and Sermaise. In most of.  these villages there is no sign of  repair and few people are to be  seen; those who remain live,,in  underground cellars or are herded together in the ruins of some  building.     The   marvel is   that  cultivation should be carried on.  It is mostly done by old men,  women and children, for all the  ablebodied men have  been mo  bilized. The   traveller   in-  these  districts  will  see  women  load  ing the carts, driving the reapers,  where they have them, and taking a hand in all the operations  of^ the field.   This  year's  crops  were put in just after the  enemy had been pushed back from  the Marne, and the French peasant is now cultivating to within    a   few  kilometers   of    the  trenches. Reticent   and    uncomplaining, these people go on undeterred   by the   ruin and   the  danger which surrounds them.  MARCHING THROUGH  GERMANY  Into peaceful Belgium swept the  hellish German horde  With their craven kultur of the  bullet and the sword.  Many were the victims that they  trampled down and gored  As they came marching from Germany.  Awake!  Awake!   We'll roll   the  .   Prussians  back,  Awake!    Awake!    For   soldiers  we'll not lack  Till  we  crush  the demons  who  have     looted,     slain     and  sacked,  And wipe out the war lords of  Prussia.  Britain's noble  navy, boys, will  always rule the waves,  Free born sons of Britain, boys,  will never kneel to knaves,  All the kaiser's gunboats will be  sunk and in their graves  When we are finished with Ger-  V   many:  j  Hurrah,   hurrah,    old'   England  rules the sea,  Hurrah,,   hurrah, good-night   to  Germany;   -  We will teach the Kaiser not to  tamper with the  free  When we are finished with Germany. *- ' ,  With the brave assistance of the  Allies and the French,  We will.drive the devils ont,of  ' every fort and trench," ,',, >.'  Prussian blood shall freely flow  till Prussian lust is quenched.  When we go marching through  Germany.  Hurah,   hurrah,   we'll   now the  Germans down,  Hurrah, hurrah,    we'll    capture  every town,  And we'll   sweep the   Prussians  from the land and from the  ������������������'���������sea.'.".  As we go marching through Germany.  .   (-���������  Do You Realize  The Possibilities  of Your Telephone ?  Why has the telephone become so popular in all countries? Because it transmits  the human quality of the human voice.  When a person is speaking over the  telephone, the tones and accent of the  voice are very distinct; each talker recognizes instantly the voice of the other.  That's what makes long distance telephoning so satisfactory. You know whom  you are talking to, you know your message  is being received, and you get your answer.   And all in a moment's time.  Eveiy telephone is a long distance telephone.  British Columbia Telephone  Compsuiy, Limited THE WESTERN GALL  Friday, December 3, 1915  XH*; X  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  THE POSTAGE STAMP  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  PEACE   CHARLATANISM  ��������� IT IS NOT LIKELY that the allies will  trouble to send Henry Ford home in his ark of  peace, or otherwise to pay any more attention  to him than his eccentric advertising scheme  deserves. He goes away with sundry home-made  snubs tingling his ears and besides that the ridicule of most of his own compatriots. The idea.  that any individual could stop the war could  have originated only in the brain of a dollar  egotist. Ford has made a great deal of money  in the "tinware" trade, and he has got the idea  that he knows a few things outside of tin and  cast iron, in fact that he is some pumpkins as a  pacifist. v  In his dollared vision, however, he has failed  to grasp at underlying principles or causes or  effects. He cheerfully disregards all such trifles  as quite aside from the main object of ,his trip,  viz., the maximum amount of newspaper space.  If it were possible to discuss Ford seriously he  could probably be disposed of in three words, a  "notoriety seeking Charlatan."  LAVERGNE AND MARTIN  MAYOR MEDBRIC MARTIN.and Colf Ar-  xnande Lavergne seem to be doing their best to  convince the rest of Canada that the French  Canadians are disloyal to the Empire in the present crisis. Col, Lavergne's answer to the, Minister of Militia, when requested to raise a regiment, will be remembered. In that letter he,  stamped himself an empty-headed traitor and  there are many people in Canada wno believe  [Jib should have been stood up with a stone wall,  at his back and a firing squad in front. Bnt the  military authorities know how light arid frothy  are the ideas and influence of the windy little  Nationalist and did not make the mistake of  treating him seriously. To have given him the  treatment which his -friends the Germans would  have meted ont to him under similar circumstances would have been to martyrized him,  which would have been nuts to the theatrical  Armando..  Now comes Mayor Martin of Montreal, who  in response to a letter from the Patriotic Fund  asking for assistance to returned wounded soldiers, is reported in the Montreal press tO"have"  said "Let England do something for.them, it  has done nothing. Let the Federal Government  help and take care of some of. the wounded.  What would we do with our own workers if we  have to drop them to give positions tb returned soldiers?"  In view of the fact that the deliberate policy  of the Dominion government is now. in ""force to  give preference in all cases to returned soldiers  and that this same policy is in effect more or  less in all governments, provincial and municipal, throughout Canada, Mayor Martin has  succeeded only hi giving a unique exhibition of  churlishness. Of course no one will accept his  unpatriotic and surly remark as representing  the real spirit of the great city of Montreal^  nor will the combined treason of Lavergne and  the surliness of Mayor Martin convince the rest  of Canada that the French Canadians as a whole  share  their peculiar views.  In what pleasing contrast is the attitude of  Mr. Oliver Asselin, another Nationalist, who has  asked for and received authority to raise a  French-Canadian regiment that will be "the  greatest, bravest, grittiest battalion in the Canadian expeditionary forces." And Mr. Asselin does not ask to be given command, but to  have appointed to the. chief command an officer who has already proven his mettle at the  fronts     Mr. Asselin is himself a war veteran.  Men like Lavergne, Bourassa and Martin almost demonstrate the reactionary claim that it  was a mistake to perpetuate the rights and pri-  veleges of the French Canadians after the conquest, but men like Asselin, Blondin, Laurier,  Monk and many others, living and dead, prove  the  contrary.  .-; Few men are as lucky as they seem, or as  unlucky as they think they are.   '   X,  ELBERT HUBBARD was a great believer  in the postage stamp.  The famous East Aurora writer, lecturer  and craftsman, who sank with the i Lusitania,  was one of the early pioneers in America's  mail-order industry. He made one fortune for  himself and showed a few hundred other busi-  **<- . *  ness men how to do the same thing.  His own institution, The Roycroft Shops,  grew from a little shanty, with.a post-box nailed on the front door, to what is now one of  the most ideal art and industrial centres of the  world. His shops yield a steadily growing income every year and attract as visitors, hundreds of sight-seers who come to study the ideal  working  conditions of  his  institution.  Elbert Hubbard's slogan was this: "Economic salvation lies in a closer relation between  producer and   consumer."  From the very first day that Mr. Hubbard  entered business, something like a score of years  ago, he kept this maxim constantly before him,  and upon it he 'built his theory and practice of ;  mail-order merchandising.  "While he. was connected with the. Larkin  Soap Company of Buffalo, he originated and  introduced that company's plan of. selling soap -  direct "From Factory to Family." This plan,  which is, still in vogue and has been adopted  by hundreds of other concerns, made the Larkin Company millions. After Mr. Hubbard had  put the plan on a working basis he sold out his  interest for $75,000 and began his own career  which brought him fame all over the world.  ^ Every product turned out by the Roy crofters, except what is purchased by sight-seers who  visit East, Aurora, finds its market through the: ���������  United States mails.   Elbert Hubbard never employed a middle-man.   Scores of times various  large merchandisers  made him propositions  to, \  market his products  through their  retail and ;  wholesale   organizations, but   each   time Elbert  Hubbard smiled and rejected their efforts,. The  best way to sell, Elbert Hubbard told me once,,  is to have only two agents���������"Mr. U. S. Mail,  who never Ostermoors;  and Miss Parcel  Post,  our new hired girl." ,    *      ,  Elbert Hubbard's own success and that of.  very many other business men whom he advised, j  attested to the success of this working principle.  The Roycroft Shops engage in a widely diversified business of producing and selling. In ad-  t dition to the two  publications, ^The Fra  and  the Philistine Magazine's, the Roycrbfters  pro- |  duce everything in the shape of books, a .very,'  unique line of modeled leather,1 and hammered  copper products," craftsmen jewelry, mission furniture, ornamental blacksmithing, clay modeled  and terra-cotta art works and hand-paintings/  AU of these products are made* at Roycroft,  and find their market by mail .  One of the most unique phases of Elbert1  Hubbard's mail-order business was developed  and carried on at an immense profit during tber  last two years. He originated the plan, of sel^-.,  ing the food products direct "From Farmkto V  Family." The three modern Roycroft Farms,  furnished the material/ Twenty varieties of food f  were packed in liberal portions in an^ ornament^,,  ral~bWXwHefi:"^s~inady-'in the Roycroft Furr.  niture Shop. ,.:,  The unique contents of the "Hubbard Good-;  ie-Box" linger now in the memories of,..thou-,,  sands of happy purchasers. Hundreds of these  boxes themselves, might now be found in homes  all over the country, preserved as keep-sakes  which   recall   the   last  East  Aurora business  genius.  Every facility and equipment for serving  customers by mail is to be found in the Roycroft institution. Elbert Hubbard had very few  dissatisfied customers. Most every one who dealt  with him made it a point to tug at his postal,j  latch string for further services after the first  business acquaintance.  One of the most important phases of Elbert  Hubbard's advertising activity related to the  preparation, of. mail-order selling literature for  other companies, Fra Elburtus was a genius in  the making of "printed salesmen," as he called  them, and the Hubbard publicity preachment  has made money for hundreds of advertisers.  During the last ten years he has written selling, literature for -makers of everything from  tooth-picks to motor trucks. Of these booklets  he wrote about one a week during the last ten  years. Many of them took the form of "sales-  novelettes" and appeared in the advertising  pages of his Philistine Magazine. The versatility of his talent in writing mailorder selling  literature brought him a remarkable success in  every line of business which he undertook to publicize.  And so the man who passed out with the  Lusitania was one of the most unique mailorder pioneers of America.  It was his appreciation of the value that lies  in a postage stamp that brought him his great  success.  PIONEERS PICNIC AT CANYON VIEW HOTEL  INCREASE  IN TONNAGE  THE ANNUAL REPORT of Lloyd's Register of Shipping shows that, notwithstanding the  losses of merchantmen through the war, the tonnage of vessels classed at Lloyd's oh June 30  last totalled 300,000 tons more than on June  30, 1914. The number of vessels was 10,542,  and the aggregate tonnage 24,174,877, of which  5,899 boats, of a total of 13,299,948 tons were  British, and 4,643 ships, together 10,874,929  tons, belonged to other countries. Besides the.  year's losses, the*war has made  itself felt in  "the direction of construction. In the United  Kingdom it has been greatly delayed, and in  some cases stopped. Belligerent countries have  also been affected with the result that greater  activity has been witnessed in the United States,  Japan, Holland   and   Scandinavia; indeed, the  . largest amount of tonnage ever put forward by  America   for   classification   with   Lloyd's   Register is now under construction and on order.  The upshot is that the actual volume of ton-  \ nage in hand throughout the world is not mater-  .. ially different from that of. a. year' ago, but it-is"  .distributed more among the principal non-belligerents.  Year's New Vessels.  During the year ended June 30, 1915, plans,  were passed by  the  committee of 733  vessels,  representing 1,715,000 tons of shipping,  to  built under the inspection of the society's surveyors, with a view to classification in Lloyd's  Register, as compared with plans of 749 vessels,  iqf 1,650,000 tons;, for the previous twelve months.  ���������The vessels actually  completed and  classed in  Lloyd's Register during the year numbered 571,  Of 1,29������,623 tons, of which 536 were steamers,  or motor vessels, of a tonnage qf 1,289,827, and  35  were  sailing vessels of  5,796 tons.  Of  the  totalr 864*247^ tonsXor-about 67v p>er cent; were^  built for the British Empire  (United Kingdom  844,184 tons, colonies 20,063 tons), and 431,376  tons, or about 33 per cent, for other countries.  In addition to  the large number of  ocean-going vessels, plans have been approved for vessels of many other    types,  including    freight  steamers for the Great Lakes of America, and  a variety of vessels for channel and river service.  The  exceptional  demands  upon   existing  tonnage and the dSlay in the production of new  ships, in  spite  of  the large  number of orders  placed in neutral countries, have resulted in the  submission of proposals for the employment in  oversea service of vessels built for and hithertb  engaged  in  less  trying  trade.   In  several   instances these proposals have been approved subject to conditions necessary for safety. The demand for new tonnage for cargo-carrying purposes has  led  to the  entry into  this  class of  shipbuilding   of some establishments in   other  countries which  have  not  hitherto  undertaken  the construction of vessels of this character.  woman said that Louvain was a town in France  where a. great battle was fought recently. Another placed Gallipoli off the coast of Scotland  where a German submarine base had been discovered. Concerning the Premiers, everyone was  on.a level with sister. Sir Sam Hughes was named as the Premier of the United States.  The young women'in this class were between the  ages of 18 and 35.   Some of them had Junior  Matriculation.   All had passsed the High School  examination for Entrance to the  High  School.  The first'cry from most of those who read this  will be:   "What is the matter with the Education Department and the Schools it supervises?"  It is the belief of the public that the ignorance  of any person in the Province is directly, trace- |  able to the school.   That is not always, the case. (  Three-quarters of the education a boy receives |  comes   from his   home.   In the   home he   must  acquire a taste for reading and a love for knowledge!   He must have  the  stimulus  of a wise^  father or, mother or sister.   If he goes to school  indifferent and  careless  he will learn by  rote  certain ��������� mechanical operations for calculating'  "purf-foBe'si.. He wilHeartivtb read h&ltitfgly.  ife*  will hate grammar, composition, literature an~d',  geography and at first opportunity will leave  school End go to work.   Not always/ of course!  He may have a genius for bis teacher.  Then the  results may be different.  As for girls, their environment may be one of  dress, "movies" and beaux. No one can expect;  an unused mind to display any high degree o������  polish, and how many people there are, who never  think, no tongue can tell. Satirists say that the  average woman has only three topices of. conver-;  sation: her serving maid, the children and how.  she expects to have her next-grown made. She  never reads a newspaper; at least ahe rarely gets  past the women's page. She does not know any-;  H;hing about national or intern^  does not trouble to find out. The only difference  between her and her husband is that business ne-;  cessities have forced him to learn some things,  and that he pretends to know all the rest.'The;  school has not helped these people, J$6w: can it  help their children?  CULLODEN MOOR  IGNORANCE UNASHAMED  THREE QUESTIONS were written on the  black board at Macdonald Institute on a recent  morning, and the 21 girls in the class were required to write down their answers and hand,  them in. The first question named 17 famous  books or poems and required the names of the  authors. The second asked for 'a short description and location of Sudbury, Prince Rupert, Esquimalt, Louvain, Gallipoli and Lemberg.  The third read as follaws: Name the Premiers  of any six of the provinces of Canada.  The average value of the answers was 30 per  cent, for the first,'21 per cent, for the second,  and almost nothing for the third. No one knew  the position of Louvain or Gallipoli. One young  Where the Last Battle Was Fought in Great  Britain  THE LAST BATTLE fought on the soil of  Great Britain took place in ithe middle of the  eighteenth century. While George II. was engaged in the war of the Austrian succession  Charles Edward, who was called the young  pretender, a grandson of. King James II. of England, landed in Scotland and made two attempts  to obtain the throne of his ancestors. He was victorious in the battle of Falkirk, but the Duke  of Cumberland, son of George II., having been  recalled from the continent to take command of  the king's forces, the pretender was defeated at  Culloden Moor, a plain in Scotland, four miles  from Inverness. X        X  This was the last battle fought On the island  of Great Britain and took place April 16, 1746,  and it was also the last attempt on the part of  the Stuart family. to recover the throne of  Great Britain. Charles Edward Stuart escaped  '. to France after he had wandered five months  in the highlands. He died in Rome, January  30, 1788: ' '     .  The Duke of Cumberland gave no quarter.  The- wounded-were all slain, and the jails of  England were filled with prisoners, many of  whom.were executed. Among the latter were  Lords Balmerina, Kilmarnock and Lovat, Lovat  being the last person who was beheaded in  England. xX -���������-��������� .1  Friday, December ,3, -JL915  THE WESTERN  CALL  .^*      *    ���������-x *���������*- ar-'"-J^ ** -*" J* ���������  GERMAN'S   DREAM  JOLTED  Although Turkey has played  her part in the war with unexpected ability, particularly in the  Dardanelles campaign, there is  another region where developments cannot be: overpleasing to  the sultan and the war party at  Constantinople. This is the advance of the Anglo-Indian array  in Mesopotamia, where the;Union Jack is by now doubtless  approaching the ruins of mighty  Babylon, and .may in a few  weeks float over Bagdad, where  the green banner of the. prophet of Islam has never been displaced since the days of Haroun-  al-Raschid and before.  Whether or not Germany and  her allies expected a blow in so  remote a quarter as the Persian  Gulf region we do not, of course,  know, but it cannot be disputed  that the British move is a clever  one, from the standpoint of politics as well as from motives of  military strategy. The possession  of the territory now occupied by  General -Nixon's expeditionary  army, extending some 250 miles  up the valley of the Tigris and  Euphrates, would be a most valuable asset in post-bellum negotiations. , British control here  would not only mean a great  blow to Turkish influence in Arabia and Persia, but would end  Germany's hopes of gaining ascendancy in that region by means  of the Bagdad railway.  And, from present indications,  it will not be strange if the Anglo-Indian army is able to advance still further, since the op  position to it does not appear up  to the present to have been particularly effective.  It is not too much to believe  that Germany would gladly surrender a good deal of territory  she holds in France and Russia  if .by so doing she could oust the  British from Mesopotamia. And  while, of course, the relief of  Constantinople is the immediate  purpose of.the expected German  attack through Serbia, with the  aid of Bulgaria, it is not to be  thought that the Kaiser has forgotten his pet Bagdad railway,  or his great scheme of linking  Central Europe with the Orient  by way of the Persian Gulf.  Like the Dardanelles campagin,  the" attack on Mesopotamia is in  part a defensive move by Britain.  If the Turks are kept worrying  over the safety of. their, capital,  and are made to fear a possible  junction, of the British and Russians in Northern Mesopotamia  or Kurdistan, they are not going  to undertake any expedition  against Egypt or try to regain  their lost European possessions.  As a mater of fact, the com-  paratively small size of the force  under General Nixon in the Tigris-Euphrates valley leads one  to believe that he is not expect-;  ed to make an all-conq_x-*ug  march through the heart of Tur-  key-in-Asia. After his recent  capture of������ Kut-el-Amara, on the  Tigris.about 90 miles below Bagdad, it was stated that General  Nixon's army consisted of about  11,000 Indian troops and a few  hundreds of British territorials  from  Egypt.     There  is  a- div-  J D. McNeill  MAYOBAfctV CWflWATE  ���������* i f ''  X _ I , ' "  Solicits your vote  and influence.  gating between  -Children  ���������Give Ttem Good,  Bnergy-Restopng  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETt&R Breads  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  Made of Canada's most mrtritious floor and  water in Biitish Coiumbia'a roost sanitary,  modem baking plant ���������-,.  5  FULL   16  OUNCE  LOAF  Every ooe "sealed at the oven"  H AMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers  of BETTER  Bread  ision of the army which is advancing along the Euphrates as  General Nixon is along the Tigris, but it does not seem, certain  whether this force is included in  the, above "figures or not. ,' But  even allowing for garrisons in  the towns already taken, Nixon  cannot have more than 20,000 or  25,000 men, The Turks are supposed.to maintain two army corps  in Mesopotamia, but part of these  had probably been withdrawn,  either to the west, or to fight the  Russians in the north. The Moslem army defeated at Kut-el-  Airiara is said to have numbered  about 15,000.  As  intimated  above, one , undoubted   object of   the   British  expedition was to checkmate Germany   in   her   Bagdad railway  scheme. This  project  was  inaugurated in 1903, after the Kaiser had visited the Sultan, Abdul   Hamid,   in   Constantinople.  It provided for the extension of  the Anatolian Railway Co's, line  from Konia, a   town   some  .300  miles   south-east of   Constantinople, to the Persian Gulf.     This  Anatolian     Railway     Company  was, let us, note,', a German concern, and the success of the Kaiser, in arranging the deal seems!  to  one. at  this  distance only  a  fair triumph over the other nations���������particularly Britain     and  France���������which were striving for  railway privileges and other advantages in Turkey. But the British   looked   upon  it   as   unwarranted trespassing   upon    their  preserves.  In  one  respect John  Bull's  resentment seemed justified, for he had reason to fear'  the   Germans would  take  away  from him the great river trade  which he had built up in Mesopotamia, where an English company  had long before been granted the  sole   right to   operate boats  on  tbe two rivers. The British, too,  were, not pleased at the turn of  events which, made" Berlin more  influential than London at Constantinople, and" feeling ran ra-'  ther high over the Bagdad railway convention, or agreement, by  which it was-held Germany had  driven a most shrewd bargain*  with the Turks.  "Without going into the financial details, it may be said that  control was to be in German  hands, and provision was made  that the road could not become  Turkey's property short of 99  years. From 1904 to 1908, the  line was built from Konia to the  Taurus mountains, a distance of  perhaps 150 miles, after which  there was ^ a delay but later Work"  was again pushed, and by 1913,  was completed as far as Adana,  while it seems, from the reports  made in that year, that part if  hot all of the section from Adana to Jerablus, a town on the  middle Euphrates not far from  Aleppo, and about 400 miles from  Bagdad, had also been laid.  Work was begun at the Bagdad  end of the Jerablus-Bagdad section in 1912, but it does not appear what progress has been  made there. In 1912 it was expected that the whole of the line  as far as Bagdad would be finished by 1918. Whether the work  has been accelerated or otherwise by the Balkan wars and the  present conflict is not easy to  determine. There, were reports  that the construction was being  pushed because of the war of  1912, but it scarcely seems likely that the money can have been  forthcoming to hurry the work  during the past year���������unless  Germany herself has put it up.  An interesting feature of the  agreement of 1903 may be worth  recalling in connection with the  Mesopotamia campaign. The  Germans stipulated, among other  things, that no part of the line  from Bagdad to Bussorah, on the  gulf, should be used before that  above Bagdad was. This was regarded by the British as a step  to prevent British trade from  profiting by the railway, ere the  Germans were prepared, by the  completion of the Constantinople-  Bagdad sections, to wage a commercial struggle with the British  and oust them from their advantageous position in that region.  But now, luckily for the Turk  and the Kaiser, there is no railway there for the British to use  in their advance^ on Bagdad,  while the Jerablus-Bagdad section  is  still unready.  Reference has been made to  the possibility of, a junction of  the Russians and British in Eastern Turkey. This is unlikely unless both strengthen their, forces  materially. The border of Turkish Armenia and in the present  condition of Russian military affairs do not seem likely to undertake a great campaign here.  It would appear that the British  might increase their forces in  Mesopotamia, but they would  have 300 or 400 miles, at least,  to cover, much of the way  through mountainous country,  before they could hope to join  hands with the Grand Duke Nicholas.' Still, if both armies continued to advance they would  ultimately meet on the Euphrates,  perhaps above Jerablus���������a prospect at which the Turks might  well shiver.  None of the seven other campaigns in which the British have  been engaged since the beginning  of the great' war is of greater  interest to the student of history than this one in Mesopotamia. Here we find a land where  civilization grew up, flourished  and passed away before anything  happened in Europe of which we  have the slightest historical record. Here, ages before Rome,  before Constantinople, before  Jerusalem, even, were mighty  cities and empires, Babylon, at  one time some authorities believe, had a population, of 20,-  000,000���������more,, probably, than  the Sultan of Turkey's whole  realm includes   today.  , livery mile,that General Nixon '8/army advances brings it in  touch,with reminders of the remote yet nwghty past. At the  site of,,Babylon his soldiers, if  they have time to tarry, may see  the excavated remains of those  gigantic walls, 136 feet wide,  which once encircled the capital.  Not long since, they drove the  Turks from Esra 's tomb���������the  supposed burial place of the Hebrew prophet who returned to  his native land after the captivity and induced his countrymen-to���������give -up���������many-of the  idolatrous practices into which  they had fallen! Later he seems  to have returned to Mesopotamia  and ended his days' here!  At Bagdad, if the invading  army advances to that point, it  will find a rather dingy, sleepy,  .oriental city whose population is  variously placed all the the way  from 70,000 to 200,000. Bagdad  has no really ancient history,  though the historian Rawlinson  proved that there had been a  Babylonian city there by his discovery in the Tigris bed, of.  bricks, bearing the name of Nebuchadnezzar. But the city owes  most of its fame to its having  been the capital of the caliphs.  Under Haronn-al Raschid it probably had a much greater pop-  ulation-than now, but it was practically ruined by Tamerlane and  other Tartar conquerors. Bagdad's most prosperous inhabitants ^ are the Jews, about 30,  000 in number, who do most of  the city's business and are the  only race in the city having  schools for its children.  A good 200 miles north lies Mosul, also, on the Tigris and the  Bagdad railway line. This city,  perhaps the least touched by  western civilization of all the  towns of Turkey, is the place to  whieh we owe the word "muslin." Here there was long a great  manufacture of cotton fabrics,  and "muslin" is derived from  '' moussoline "     or    " mosuline,'  Wild Rose Pastry Flour  Takes Less Shortening  ��������� - ���������,  and makes the most delicious pies, cakes, puddings, etc., you ever tasted. If you have never  tried'WILD ROSE (which means if you are  not using it), by all means make your next  pastry with it AND JtJST SEE THE DIFFERENCE IT WILL MAKE. This clean, pure flour  is milled right here in B. C, from the finest  pastry-wheat money can buy. Be sure you get  the original WILD ROSE.  Vancouver Milling and Grain  Co. Limited  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria "  4 'I  by which this cloth was long  known dn the markets of the  world.  Hard  by  Mosul  is  what   remains of NineVeh, which shared  with Babylon the  honor of  being the greatest city of the ancient world. For 2,000 years, the  ruins of the great Assyrian capital slept undisturbed, but modern archaeologists have unearthed the paltfces of Sennacherib* and  Assurbanipal and^ found the fa  mous Deluge tablets, with other  most valuable relics of. ages past.  Near  the  site   of  Nineveh.' -is  pointed out the place where the  prophet  Jonah was1 buried. '  All through Mesopotamia are  the marks of the wars^of the  past. Here fought the ( Hittites  and the Babylonians, tbe Chaldeans and the Assyrians, tjie Persians and'the Greeks, the Romans  and the Parthians. Tiglath-Pil-  eser hunted lions and slew his  hecatoftibs of human victims ,��������� Cyrus, Cambyses, Belshafzzar, Alexander, Pompey, Saladin, Tamerlane, Solyman _ the Magnificent  and scores of other conquerors  led their armies. Napoleon's hand,  did not. fail here, and for the  past century Mesopotamia has  enjoyed a period of comparative  quiet,^though the_^  times caused trouble.  The region is not thickly populated and could not support anything like the dense masses of  people it once did without irrigation. Sir Wliliam Wilcicks of  Assuan Dam fame, has worked  out plans for a grand irrigation scheme, but nothing definite  has come of it. Should the valley  remain in British hands, however, it would unquestionably experience greatly increased prosperity.  Premier  Pancake  Flour  Made from CHOICEST  of Wkeat Product*.  AGREEABLE to a*y  " SEJiSE.       \  TTwONlY Pancake  '   Floir mn h VAN-  mm  i  ������������������ .:      \- -.'i  ASIC YOUR GftOCHl  When you get to worrying  stop and think of the unnecessary things you worried about  yesterday.  ���������^rW"^W^Rr*T  &?V 'X?l  $fex -  ,-Xx^|  ^XH>  ������ /'~ "X'M  XX jtf  . Good humor and generosity  carry the day with the popular  heart all the world over.  Ninety-eight thousand spinsters in England have organized  and pledged themselves to marry  soldiers returning from the war.  In spite of this, there is said  to be no diminution of enlistment.  Three weeks tomorrow till  Christmas. Have you remembered that little promise you made  a year ago about a subscription  to the Western Call. Some of you  readers have been enjoying it  for a long while free. It is up to  you.  Let George Dolt?  No! Let the  Dow Fraser Trust Co.  Who know how and have been  "at it here since 1900"  Our collection department  with a competent staff undertakes the collection of Agreements of Sale, rents, mortgages,  etc.,  etc.  BEST SERVICE.     MODERATE  CHARGES  122 Hastings St. West  Phone Seymour. 9086  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers aad Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Gnthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departments)  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clivo Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Colombia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa. Friday, Dec ember 3,  1915  HOME TABLE HINTS  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, December 4  *  We're  all meant  to  be  happy���������not too  foolish   or  too  staid;  And the right dose to be taken is some sunshine mixed  with shade.  ���������Stanley Dark.  Breakfast ��������� Bananas. Cereal with Cream.  Bread Omelet. Graham Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Irish Stew. Baked Potatoes. Fried  Green Peppers. Beet Salad. Steamed Pudding.  Hard Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Salmon and Potato Cakes. Sliced Cucumbers. Beaten Biscuits. Chocolate Nut Cookies.  Tea.  Chocolate   Nut Cookies  Beat four eggs until light and add two cupfuls of brown sugar, one-half cupful of melted  chocolate and two teaspoonfuls of vanilla. When  creamy, jidd two cupfuls bf flour mixed and  sifted with two teaspoonfuls of baking powder  and finally stir in one cupful of broken nut  meats. Bake in a buttered pan and cut in  squares when nearly cold.  Sunday, December 5  Life is made up, not of great sacrifices or duties, but  of little things, in which smiles and kindnesses and small  obligations given habitually are what win and preserve  the heart and secure comfort.   .  ���������Sir 5. Davy.  ��������� Breakfast-���������Cereal with Cream. Bacon and  Eggs. French Toast. Marmalade; Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Roast Duck. Grape Jelly. Hominy Croquettes. Brussels Sprouts. Celery  and Nut Salad, Cheese Sticks. Rice Ice Cream  with   Oranges.   Coffee.  Lunoh ��������� Peanut Sandwiches. Preserved  Pears. Cookies. Tea. *  Rich Ice Cream with Oranges  Cook one-half cupful of rice in one pint of  water for one hour, then add one pint of milk  and cook until very soft. Beat the yolks of six  eggs, add two cupfuls of granulated, sugar and  one-eighth of.a teaspoonful of salt; stir the mixture into the rice and cook until the spoon coats,  stirring constantly.     Chill,   add one   quart   of  cream and six teaspoonfuls- of vanilla,, turn into  the freezer, pack,in ice and salt, freeze until  firm, then turn into a mold, cover tightly, bury  in  ice  and salt  and let remain  two or more  * hours. Make a syrup of one cupful of sugar and  three tablespoonfuls of water, pour while i hot  over four peeled arid sliced oranges and serve  Vith the cream. - X  Monday, December 6tb  Every year I .live I am more convinced that the  waste of life lies in the love we hav,e not given, the  powers we' have, not used, the selfish-prudenc that will  .risk nothing, tand wbich, shirking pain, misss happiness  ' a****?!!. A , ,/ .  -_ " - XX?   , X 'X ���������-Mary Cbolmondeley. -  n Jfw������lcf*it-^Creamed Salt Codfish. Baked Potatoes. Fried Mush with Maple Sprup. Coffee.  J>toner ��������� Vegetable Soup. Hamburk Steak.  Potatoes au Gratitf. Mashed Turnips. Asparagus i  Salad. Cabinet Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Cheese Omelet. Buttered Toast.  Prune Shortcake.   Tea.  Cheese Omelet  Pour one cupful of hot milk over one cupful of bread crumbs, let soak fifteen minutes  then beat until smooth. Add one-half cupful of  grated cheesextwbr^ggs beatenn^  season with salt and paprika to taste. Melt one  large tablespoonful of butter in an omelet pan,  pour in the mixture, turn over when brown on  the bottom, then place in the oven and let remain until set.    Serve immediately when done.  Tuesday, December 7th  The man who is perpetually hesitating as to which  of two things he will do will do nothing.  X���������William   Wirt.  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Beef  and Potato   Mince.   Popovers. Coffee.  Dinner���������Noodle Soup. Braised Tongue. Caper  Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Carrots. Parsnip  Fritters. Cocoanut Blanc Mange. ��������� Coffee.  Supper���������Oysters with Macaroni. Dressed  Lettuce. Tea Rolls. Sliced Oranges. Wafers. Tea.  Oysters With Macaroni  Scald one pint of oysters in their own liquor,  then drain. Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter, blend in three, tablespoonfuls of flour,' let  brown slightly, and gradually one cupful of  milk and one-half cupful of oyster liquor and  season with one-half teaspoonful of salt and a  dash of red pepper. When smooth and thick,  add the oysters together with one cupful of  finely cut cooked macaroni, turn into a buttered baking dish, sprinkle with grated cheese,  cover with buttered crumbs and brown in a hot  oven.  Wednesday, December  8th  Men have certain work to do for their bread, and  that is to be done strenuously; others work for their delight, and that is to be done heartily; neither is to be  done by halves or shifts, but. with a will, and what is  not worth that effort is not to be done at all.  ���������4Tohn Ruskin  Breakfast���������Fruit. Broiled Bacon. Corn Griddle   Cakes.   Coffee.  Dinner���������Julienne Soup. Roast Stuffed Veal.  Brown Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Stewed Tomatoes.  Apple Crumb Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Sliced . Tongue. Horseradish. Scalloped Potatoes. Hot Biscuits. Jelly Cake." Tea.  Apple Crumb Pie  Sprinkle one pint of diced raw apple with  the juice from two small lemons and the grated  rind of. one, add six tablespoonfuls of fine  cracker crumbs, two well beaten eggs, three  tablespoonfuls of melted butter and one and two-  thirds cupfuls of sugar. Mix thoroughly and  bake in a moderate oven between two crusts.  Thursday, December 9th  There are men who do and men who don't,  Some men they will and others won't,  But Pluck will win in every line  Pluck and effort make strong combine.  ���������H. P. Frasse.  Breakfast���������-Oranges. Cereal with Cream. Shirred Eggs. Rye Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cream of Carrots. Curied Veal. Pickled Peaches. Boiled Rice. Spinach. Prune Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Minced Tongue in Tomato Saiice.  French Fried Potatoes. Buttered Toast. Date.  Cake. Tea.  Date Cake  Cream one-half cupful of butter with one  , cupful of sugar, add one beaten egg, beat thoroughly then add one cupful of sour milk in which  ' one level teaspoonful of soda has been dissolved.   Mix and sift together two scant cupfuls of  pastry flour, one teaspoonful of cinnamon, orie-  . half teaspoonful of clove and one-quarter of a  teaspoonful of nutmeg, then add one1 pound of  stoned and finely cut dates. Beat the prepared  flour and fruit gradually into the first mixture,  turn into a buttered and floured pan and bake  in a moderate over for about three-quarters bf  an hour. Ice when   cool.  Friday, December 10th  Love fears not waste, nor theft,  Nor   time's recall,  That  leaves  no  place  bereft  ���������    Where it may fall.  Give till no more is left  Thou  who  wouldst  have all!  ���������M. E. Buhler.  Breakfast���������Apples., Cereal with Cream. BoiledVEggsrCoffee^Hreadr CoffeeX ^ ^ ^~ ^^  Dinner���������Mock Bisque Soup. Baked Halibut.  Swedish Style. Stuffed Potatoes. Peas. Cranberry  Pudding.-Cream   Sauce. ?Coffee.  Supper���������Fried Scallops. Celery. Olives. Tea  Rolls.  Cake. Tea.  Baked Halibut Swedish Style  Remove the skin from a pound and a half of  halibut, put the fish in a buttered shallow earthen dish, sprinkle with pepper and salt and brush  with melted butter. Peel and chop half an onion and cook until tender in one tablespoonful  of butter, then add one teaspoonful of powdered sugar', a dash of. cayenne arid one cupful of  canned tomatoes, drained from their liquor and  spread the mixture over the fish.. Bake twenty  minutes in a hot oven, pour in six tablespoonfuls  of heavy cream, bake ten minutes longer and  serve at once with a garnish of parsley.  "JINGLE  POT"   COAL  BUILDERS'  SUPPLIES  FUBNITUEE  BAGGAGE  and  PIANO  MOVERS  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump, $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AND FD2E  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but we specialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage. We have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  HOMELESS IN   AUSTRIA  THE CULTIVATION  OF THE LAND  Hon. George Langley, speaking to the shareholders of the  Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company a few days ago,  declared that the biggest problem for the present population  of this province was to people  and bring under cultivation the  millions of acres of good land in  Saskatchewan at present lying  idle. That, he said, was the solution of the vast majority of  the problems facing the people  of Saskatchewan. Hon. Walter  Scott, speaking in the legislature  several months ago, voiced something the same sentiment. Both  of them were taking a smaller  phase of the subject upon which  Mr. Rogers spoke at Winnipeg���������  the phase most important to  Saskatchewan, of. course. In a  general way their ideas are the  same, for all agree that during  the war preparation must be  made for the prosperous period  ahead, in order that full benefit of it, in the Avay of development of our resources, may be  realized.  Dominion, provincial and municipal governments, public bodies of all kinds, and individuals  with the public welfare at heart  should join in whole-hearted cooperation to bring about the  things which are possible in the  future, the things Mr. Rogers  so well summarized in his ad  dress at Winnipeg.  The above is from the Regina  Province. What is British Columbia doing in connection with  this   important   question ?  PEACE KITES  YOUR  PATRONAGE  IN   ALL THESE  LINES   SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  80 Pender Street East,  Vancouver, B. C.  PHONES:   SET.   405,   605,   5408, 5409  The Austrian government is at  present providing for nearly 700,-  000 people who have been driven from their homes by war. Of  these 65,000 are from the country along the Italian frontier,  and 600,000 from Galicia and  the neighboring provinces.  Over 100,000 of the refugees are  housed in barracks, 200,000 are  provided for in Vienna and the  rest are scattered over smaller  centres, For the maintenance of  this huge army of fugitives some  $37,500,000 has been expended  from State means. Private subscriptions and voluntary contributions of all kinds (especially clothing and provisions, canned  goods, flour, cattle, etc.) have*  besides, totalled up another $7,-  500.000.  A not less significant factor is  seen in the suggestions of peace  which comes from time to time  in mysterious fashion to give a  momentary fillup to conversation and discussion. Whence do  thoy originate? Nobody kuows  positively, but there is ?i strange  wanimity among those who conjecture that Berlin is the place  of their nativity. Now it is the  Pope, now the President of the  United States, and again the  King of Spain who is to act as  intermediary. But always it is  Potsdam that is inspiring these  pacific overtures, however Potsdam may disclaim them. When  amateur statesmen, such as Professor ^Delbrueck_ inform interviewers, that Belgium and  France are merely' held as  hostages for the restoration of  German colonies we may smile.  Yet we cannot help perceiving  that the use of the press by these  unofficial spokesmen would hardly be countenanced in a censor-  ridden Empire if the demand for  peace were unreal. At bottom we  believe the truth to be that Germany would give much for the  cessation of the struggle. She  has reached the high-water mark  of her achievements, she holds  immense stretches of territory  with which to bargain, and a continuance of the struggle, she  perceives, can have only one result, now that a policy of world  domination is impossible of execution and her reserves are on  the verge of disappearing. Peace  now, with all her frontiers inviolate and the spirit of her people chastened but not broken,  would be a not inglorious sequel  to her vast labours. Our reply  is that there can be no peace, except on the Allies' terms. The  allies are determined that the  struggle shall riot be finished  until the Prussian menace has  been destroyed. And the destruction of that evil thing will not be  achieved until Germany is not  only incapable of further resistance, but is incapable of returning to the system from which  the lust for conquest has proceeded.  NowktheTime  To Buy Your  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  thi������ very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  your oltice stationery, but with all  matter and  ��������� v ���������.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 11-40        203 KINGSWAY Friday, December 3,  1915  SPORTING COMMENT  [The managership of the Can-  liens of Montreal lies between  immy     Gardner,     Newsy    La-  pde  and Jack Marshall. Some  Managers!  ��������� *   ���������'  Report has it that Sammy Lich-  .nheim is handling his players  great style. Some of them as  |fet have failed: to sign up, and  le Wanderer manager has practically withdrawn their contracts.  ��������� '������������������':������������������  ' ..'������������������  The price Of admission for the  ockey games this winter will  e 75 cents for reserved seats  md 50 cents general admission.  Considering the class of hockey,  played in the coast league, the  price is certainly reasonable.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Ottawa players refuse to sign  up. Report has it that Hamby  Shore and Duford are holding  out for as much as Nighbor is  getting. The spirit of discontent seems to be creeping into  the eastern league, and it is probable that they will realize noAV  that they played some shabby  tricks on the coast league, and  are only getting what they de-  iserve.  Ii *   *   *  Portland and Vancouver open  he Pacific Coast Hockey League schedule in Vancouver on  Tuesday evening next, and the  nanagers of the respective teams  are sizing up their lineups in  nticipation , for the curtain-  aiser. The makeup of the locals will be almost the same as  that which won the Cup last  year. In Nighbor's place one of  the new men will get a chance  to show his class. Lehman will  guard the nets, with Griffiths  and Taylor in front of him. It  will be a. toss-up for-the rover  position between the new arrivals  as MacKay will be centre,, L.  Cook and Stanley the wings.  There are.four youngsters from  which to make a choice, Seaborn, Leo Cook, Rickey and Art  Duncan the last-named being the  new man from Edmonton. There  should be abundance of good  hockey even if the boys are not in  mid-season form, and it is expected a large crowd will be on hand.  * ���������   ���������  Frank Patrick's dark horse,  Art Duncan, from Edmonton, is  in the city and is hustling for a  place on the champions' line. He  is said to be a comer, and no  doubt will make the team. The  fans will get their once-over at  the   filial practice on   Saturday  afternoon.  ��������� ���������   *  Bert Lindsay has caught on  with Wanderers. He failed to get  a berth with Ottawa, and went  on to Montreal. After all, while  the Victoria manager discarded  Lindsay, the latter is a mighty  good goalkeeper at that and will  do useful   work for   any   team.  ��������� ���������   ���������  The Rosebuds will be along  with a strong lineup for Tuesday. The Winnipeg goal-keeper,  Murray is said to be a good one,  and with Tobiri and Johnston  oh the defence j Oatman, Dunderdale, Harris and Moris an  the forward line the fans are assured of some great hockey.  # *    ���������  The Irvine brothers, the Winnipeg amateurs,^ decided,  at the  eleventh hour, to stay in the Peg  this winter.     Their decision only affects   themselves,   inasmuch  as the  coast league  cannot possibly miss what it has never had.  But for the boys themselves, they  ought ,to  exercise a  little  more  self-respect, and when they make  a- decision they should stick to  it. .   They apparently  were an-,  xiousto come into the financial  end   of   the   sporting life,   and  consequently cast their eyes westward. ;The   terms" were   right,  but the promise of equal remuneration, from amateur (?) circles  in   Winnipeg   was   sufficient to  keep  them  at  home,  where all  young men  of  indecision should  be.  HANBURyS  For  LUMBER-SASH-POOES  Pfc<we: Bayview 1075  Sibby Nicholls, the former  Vancouver player^ who is now  in Hong Kong on release from  the Admiralty, has been forwarded transportation by Manager Patrick, and will be home  in time to participate in the  New Year games. When he was  here before, TMcholls played a  useful game, and was only just  hitting championship stride when  he was lopped off in favor of  Nighbor. Nicholls has the goods,  and will prove a mighty useful  player, for the champions.  .���������..���������������������������.,...,,  There will be a team in Toronto after all this year, only  one. The translation of the best  of the puck-chasers in Toronto to  Seattle put a serious crimp in  the hockey camp of the Queen  City. Manager Livingstone has  done his best to put a team on  the map, and this is how it will  lineup: Leseur, goal, the Mc  Namara brothers, the Denneny  brothers, Skene Ronan, and one  or two other unheard-ofs that  Livingstone has lined up.  * ���������   ���������  Jack   Walker; of   Seattle,    is  4*  said to be a whirlwind on the  steel blades. When he was with  Toronto he was credited as being the fastest man on the circuit. In the coast league he will  have a good chance to show his  class, but will have plenty, of  opposition for premier honors  McDonald, of Victoria, Oatman  of Portland, and Taylor and Mac  kay, of Vancouver, have speed  to burn and the quartette are  probably the fastest playing the  game tdday. ,  ��������� ���������   ���������  Skinner Poulin, of Victoria,  is somewhat on the fence as regards signing up with the Aristocrats. He has an offer from  Kennedy, of Montreal, and feels  like accepting it. However, he  knows that Kennedy's promises  are not up to much and wants at  least a' part of his salary in advance. If the little fellow does  not sign up soon he will find  himself out in the cold as far as  a berth is concerned. The same  applies -to Harris, of Portland,  who is said to be flirting with  the eastern magnates. The manager of the Rosebuds, when shown  the telegram from Montreal to  Harris, advised him to go, but  also advised that a part of his  salary be paid in  advance.  But back  at  the  home and the  workshop ���������v  Heroes must tirelessly spin;  And the  man  who  succeeds  business  Is helping his country to win.  in  The royal literary fund, owed  its inception to one of those tragedies of poverty common in literary annals. In 1788 a famous  Greek scholar, Floyer Sydenham, was arrested for a trifling  debt due for his frugal meals  and cast into prison, where he  died in want and misery at the  age of eighty. His md story,  becoming known, evoked sym^  pathy, the practical outcome of.  which was the establishment of  a fund to render assistance to  needy men of letters of all na  tions. The chief promoter of the  fund was David Williams, a Non  conformist minister and friend of  Benjamin Franklin, whom France  honored for his services by making him a citizen of the republic.  UNITED  COLUMBIA INVESTMENT  COMPANY, LIMITED  IMPORTANT  POSTAL   RATES  On Parcels Going to the Troops  in France  BUSINESS LOYALTY  ^������es: Norte Van. 323 and 103.  WAttACE SHIPYARDS, XTP.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Eepaired.  North Vancouver, B. 0.  Should^ you wish to be successful  ��������� From a loyal point of "View; "  To enfuse a brighter outlook  \  On those days of sombre hue,  Put a stop-cock on your troubles,  This world has woes to burn,  Just grin, and keep on plugging  Till the wheels of fortune turn.  If you wish to wear the laurels  Of a winner in the fight,  You must never knock your home  town  But boost with all.your might,  Do your share of advertising  In an optimistic strain,  Don't  be a hard-times croaker,  Be a man and play the game.  *  In the present battle deluge,  We honor our heroes who fight  In the scathing flame of the front  line  For Liberty, Justice and Right.  The Department is in receipt of.  applications to have parcels   addressed to our soldiers in France  sent free or at reduced rates of  postage, there evidently being an  impression that the  Department  has  control  of  these  rates and  could do as it wished, but this is  not so, as the question of postage    is  fixed   by, international  agreement, so that it is not within  the  power  of  the  Canadian  post office department to undertake  to  carry  the parcels  free  or at a reduced rate of postage.  Under international law, provision is made for the free transmission of parcels for prisoners  of war, but this privilege does not  extend to parcels for troops engaged in active service, nor is  it within the. power of the department to so extend it.  The rate of postage required  on parcels addressed, to the  troops depends upon the location  of the addressee. If the address  is in England, the rate on parcels for England applies, which  is twelve cents' per pound;  whilst, if he is in France, the  parcels are subject to the rates  applicable to parcels for France  which are ,as follows:  1 lb., ,32 cents; 2 lbs., 40  cents; 3 lbs., 48 cents; 4 lbs., 64  cents; 5 lbs., 72 cents; 6 lbs.,  80 cents; 7 lbs., 88 cents; 8 lbs.,  $1.02; 94bs,, $1.10; V10 lbs.y$L18r  11 lbs., $1.26,  These are exactly the same  charges which existed for years  between Canada, England and  France before the war, and are  the result of an agreement or  convention made between these  countries and Canada, and as  these countries have not agreed  to lower their rates between England and France, Canada has to  pay to them the same rates as  before the war and must charge  the same postage.  In all cases parcels for the  troops must be addressed care of  Army Post Office, London, England, but^this does not in any  way affect the rate of postage  which depends entirely upon the  location of the addressee.  PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given  that under the First Part of chapter 79 of the Revised Statutes of  Canada, 1906, known as "The Companies Act," letters patent have been  issued under the Seal of the .Secretary of State of Canada, bearing  date the llth day of November, 1915,  incorporating " Edward Frank White,  secretary, Albert Hapgood Sperry,  general manager, Dee, Clifford Pennington, clerk, Eugene Wesley Kaufman, accountant, and Robert Lail  Morrow, purchasing agent,- all of the  City of Vancouver, in the Province  of British Columbia, for the following purposes, viz.:  (a) To- underwrite, subscribe for,  purchase or acquire and hold either  absolutely as owner or by way of  collateral security or otherwise, and  to. sell, guarantee the sale of, and to  assign, transfer or otherwise dispose  of or deal in bonds, debentures,  stocks, shares and other securities of  any government or municipal or school  corporation, or: of any chartered  bank of of any other duly incorporated company; to offer for public  subscription any shares, stocks,  bonds, debentures or other securities  of any. corporation or company-and  to transact and carry on a general  agency and brokerage business and  to act as agents and brokers for the  investment, loan, pyment, trnsmis-  sion and collection of money and for  the purchase, sale and improvement,  development ahd management of any  property, business or undertaking,  and the management, control or direction of syndicates, partnerships, associations, companies or   corporations;  (b) To promote, organize; manage  or develop any corporation or company having objects similar to those  of this company or created for the  purpose of acquiring any part of * the  assets  of this company;���������'������������������;  (c) To purchase for investment or  re-sale or otherwise acquire and hold  or sell or otherwise dispose of and  traffic in real and personal.' property  of all kinds and any interest therein  including but without restricting the  generality of the above, land, house  property, real estate, mines, mining  rights and metalliferous land, petroleum and oil lands and rights, water  powers, rights, and privileges, ma  chinery and implements, shares, stock,  debentures and debenture stock and  other security in or of any company;  (d) To manage, develop and improve any of the properties of the  company or any properties in which  the company is interested and to  turn the same to account as may  seem   expedient;  (e) To carry on , or become interested in any business which may be  conveniently carried on either by  the company^ - or any other "person or  corporation in respect of any of the  properties of tbe company and - any  business of any nature which may  seem to the company capable of be-j  ing .carried on in connection with any!  of   the   objects   of the , company;  (f) To acquire ' or ' undertake the  whole or a'ny^part of the business,  property and liabilities of any , person or company carrying on any busi  ness which the company is authorized  to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for the purposes of the  company;  (g) To apply for, purchase or other  wise acquire, any patents, licenses,  concessions and the like, conferring  any exclusive or non-exclusive, or  limited right to use, or any secret or  other information as to any invention  which may seem capable of being  used for any of the purposes of the  company, or the acquisition of which  may seem calculated directly or indirectly to benefit the company, and  to use, exercise, develop or grant licenses in respect of, or otherwise turn  to account the property, rights or information   so   acquired;  (h) To enter into partnership or  into any arrangement for sharing of  profits, union of interests, co-operation, joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any person  QS^ company_. _carrying_,_on .or_,_engaged,  in or about to carry on or engage in  any business or transaction which the  company is authorized to carry on or  engage in, or any business or trans:  action capable of being conducted  so as directly or indirectly to benefit  the company; and to lend money to,  guarantee the contracts of, or otherwise assist any sueh person or company, and to take or otherwise acquire shares and securities of any  sueh company, and to sell, hold, reissue,"5 with or without guarantee, or  otherwise deal   with the same;  (i) To enter into any arrangements with any governments or authorities, supreme, municipal, local or  otherwise, that may seem conducive  to the company's objects, or any of  them, and to obtain from any such  government or authority any rights,  privileges and concessions which the  company may think it desirable to  obtain, and to carry out, exercise and  comply with any such arrangements,  rights,  privileges  and   concessions;  (j) To draw, make, accept, endorse, execute and issue/- bills of  exchange, promissory _ notes, coupons  and other negotiable instruments and  securities;  (_.*) To make, enter into, deliver,  accept and receive all deeds,.conveyances, assurances, transfers, assignments, grants and contracts necessary in connection with any of the  objects of the company;  (1) To issue paid-up shares, bonds  or debentures for the payment either  in whole or part of any other property, real or personal, rights, claims,  privileges, good-will, concessions or  other advantages which the company  may lawfully acquire, and to issue  such fully paid shares, bonds or  other securities in payment, part payment or exchange for shares, bonds,  debentures or other securities of any  other company;  '  (m) To  invest  the   moneys  of the  company not immediately required in   .  such manner as may from tine to time  be determined;  (n) To distribute among the shareholders of the company in kind any  property or assets of the eompany  and in particular any shares, debentures or securities of any other company or companies which may have  purchased or taken over either in  whole or part the property, assets or  liabilities of  this company;  (o) To sell, lease, . exchange or  otherwise dispose of in whole or in  part: the property, rights or-.undertakings of the company for such consideration as may be agreed upon  and in particular for shares, debentures or securities of u any other company;  (p) To make donations and subscriptions to any object likely to promote  the interest of the company and to  subscribe or guarantee money for any  charitable   object   or objects;  (q) To pay out of the funds of the  company all expenses of or incidental  to the formation; registration and advertising of the   company;  (r) To procure the company to be  registered or recognized in any conn-  try or .place;  (s)'To do all such other acts or  things as are incidental or conducive  to the above objects or any of them.  The operations of the company to  be carried on throughout the Dominion of Canada and elsewhere, by the'  name of "United Columbia Investment Company, Limited," with a capital stock of Three hundred thousand'  dollars, divided into 30,000 shares of  ten dollars each-, and the chief place  of business ��������� of the said company to  be at the City of Vancouver, in the  Province of British   Colombia: . i  Dated  at the  office  of  the  Secre-  tary, of  State  of  Canada, tbis   15th  day of November, 1915. ,      v .*. . ,  THOMAS MULVEY,  Under Secwtary^of State.  LAND  ACT  Vancouver  Land  District,   District of  Coast, Range I.  OFF TO THE TRAINING CAMP  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chaina west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Reserve, thenee north SO chains  to  point of commencement.  Dated  July   24th, 1915.  AGNES   L.   CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  sTNopgni er ooal mm*o  WWULATlONf  Coal mining rights of the Potnia-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, tbe Yukon Territory, tbe  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Col-  nmbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,580  acrrn will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must' be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  foi'' shall be staked oat by tbe applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on _ the mer-  chantable output of the mine at the,  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent' with sworn return* '  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined aad pay the-  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include th* ceal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion   Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the  Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication    ot  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which ere required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  - /  -', ,T  THE WESTERN   CALL  1'h  l        _  I'.  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  SONG   SERVICE  A life-boat song service will  he conducted in the Salvation  Army Citadel, cor. Quebec St.  and 7th Ave., Tuesday, Dec. 7th,  at 8 o'clock. Singers from No. 1  corps will ^render the program  and a pleasant evening is assured.  "How the Club Was Formed,"  a comedy sketch in three parts,  was rendered by the women of  the Guild of Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church on Friday  evening of last week, and so successful was it that a repetition  was made on Thursday evening of  this week. A large audience witnessed the comedy on both oe-  sions, and the ladies were complimented on all sides for their  success in a new role.  IF I WERE YOUNG AGAIN'  Next Tuesday evening- in Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian church, the  pastor, Rev. A. E. Mitchell, will  deliver an address on the subject  "If I Were Young Again," and  the choir will provide some vocal numbers.  ELECT OFFICERS  Mt. Pleasant 7. P. S. C. E.  The regular meeting of the  above society was held at the  usual hour Monday evening  last. The topic, "The Young  People's Share of the Church's  ��������� Budget (What It Is, How to  Raife It)" was very ably taken  by Mr. R. Hunter, who gave a  very good address, after which  a lively discussion took place.  The topic for next Monday,  Dee. 6th, is "Golden Fruit from  the prayer life.'! and will be  taimVby Mrs. A. E. Mitchell.  Every member is asked to be  present at the meeting next Monday as tEe annual election of officers will take place.  At the annual meeting of the  Star of the  West  Royal  Black  Preceptory No. 544 held in the  Orange Hall this week  the  following officers were elected for  the ensuing year: W. P., Sir* F.  R. Boyd; Deputy Preceptor, Sir  W.   J.   Howden;  Chaplain,   Sir  F. C. Morgan; registrar, Sir Geo!  Sweet;  financial  registrar,    Sir  Chas. Elliott; treasurer",  Sir W.  H.   Brett;   1st Lect., Sir P.  H.  Evans; 2nd Lect., Sir S* March;  1st Censor, Sir J. W. Beresford;  2nd Censor,  Sir, JV  W.  Cornet;  lst,\S.-B, Sir E.G. Butcher; 2nd  S.-B., Sir H. Cocroft; Pursuivant,  Sir R. N. Hopkins; Outer Guard,  Sir Geo. Hunter; Committee, Sir  Knights,   E.v C.  Butcher,   John  Jackson, F. R. Blockberger, Jas.  Elliott, A. B. Campbell, L. Robinson, A.  Elliott;  Press,   Sir J.  J. Tulk; Hospital, Sir F. R. Boyd;  Rep.   to   Hall   Co.,   Sir F.   R.  Boyd. The   report   of   the   officers and auditors was presented  and showed the preceptory to be  in a very satisfactory condition as  shown by the increased bank balance to its credit notwithstanding increased expenditure to worthy charitable  institutions    and  other commendable objects.  ' X, X : Friday,  December '.),  193.5,1  ARE YOU MOVING INTO A FLA"  If so, numerous household articles will not be required. Don't store < th  valuable articles any old place, but obtain storage in our new "Security Pi  proof "Warehouse," absolutely the finest in Canada. Rates no higher "than ;  would pay elsewhere without the same high-grade service and protection,  also do expert packing, sliipping at cut freight rates, and removals in mod  "Car Vans."   See   Us. . ."'*,,'  "WE KNOW HOW"  (ampbellStorace Q>mran  Oldest Anp largest m Western Canada  Vhqhl Seymour 7360 Offkl -857 BeattyStre.  MRS. H. L. TUBNBUIi AS QUEEN ESTHER  / ESTABLISHED 1880  Ceperley, Roiwsefell k Co. UmiM  INVESTMENTS wA INSURANCE  '   Government, Municipal and Corporation Sonde (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent, to 7 per cent.  - ,      Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, I4fe, Accident,' Marine, Automobile, Employers'  Liability. ,  "QUEEN ESTHER"  Mm**** JM** WuUm*.   -t  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON &  .LIMITED  'X I '������������������:  PiiWie^Wwkr Contractors  Head Office, ,.81045 Boww .������uU<tt������g  Beymowi836  VANCOUVER OilNAOA  Dominion Coal Co*  SOUTH WELLINGTON COAL  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds of Wood Phone: Fair. 1554  <J .        tV*r7V**Vi-y" v V>  ii %'&ii4XX  '';-'~-^s^^^^sstXV-,;.x,,fe:.;XI  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.   Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. P. McTavish, Prop.  This unique cantata was rendered on Tuesday evening, in the  Mount Pleasant Methodist church  by about 300 voices, led by an orchestra of fifteen pieces and was  a splendid success. The entertainment opened at 8 o'clock,  but long before that time the  church was filled to capacity and  a very large number were turned  away for lack of room.   .    -   ,  Professor J. J. P. Ainsley*, had  charge of the cantata, and was  assisted by an orchestra of. excellent merit- To the director  of the cantata much praise indeed. The. orchestral work left  nothing to be desired, and it  rendered valuable assistance to'  the participants in the cantata  throughout. Much difficult orchestral work was undertaken  with a familiarity and ease which  bespeaks volumes for those in  charge.  Mrs. (Dr.) H. L. Turnbull inv  personated the part of Queen Esther with a bearing and dignity  which would be hard to equal.  She had abundant scope for her  vocal talent and her rendition of  several parts was splendid. Mr.  rA^KuF'Ai^ie^'a8~Kuig^H������su6r-  us carried his part well, and in-  some details of the drama ex-;  celled himself. V V  Mr. McGregor, as Mordecai the  Jew, was one feature of the  evening that drew forth the admiration of all. Mr. McGregor is  possessed on an unusually clear  tenor voice,' and his vocal work  was without doubt the choice of  the entertainment. Mr. R. C.  Sparling as Haman, and Mrs. GJ  Gregg as Zeresh, both were well  adapted to the parts for which  they were selected.  Miss Eva McCrossag, as sister  of Mordecai, was exceptionally  good in her  difficult  solo work,  while Mr. .G. A. Ferguson as the  beggar, and Mr. S. McPherson as  High Priest, Mr. C. E. 'Smither-  ingale' as Councillor, and Mr. C.  Prowd as scribe, sustained their  parts in splendid form. Mr. Clare  Snider made a dignified herald of  the King.  The . cup-bearers to the King,  Masters Stuart McDuffee and  Willie Bray, and the train-bearers of the Queen, Misses Mary  |llliott and Grace Peterson, were  charming in appearance and in  action. Little Miss Thelma Ma-  hon, as daughter of Haman and  Zeresh, scored a great applause  by the full childlike seriousness  asumed during the ejection ancj  condemnation of. , Haman. The  marching and singing of the  twelve little boys bearing their  spears before the King and  King and Queen and also of the  twelve , little girls bearing their  garlands called for unstinted applause.  The chorus work in some parts  of the cantata gave a most pleasing and impressive effect, while"  the-costumes and staging were  arrayed with due taste and consideration.^ =^ ^^^^^~~^~^  Mention should be made of the  maids b������ Queen Esther, Misses  Hazel VPremUn, v Ii. Fleming, B.  Cairns and ;L. Wilson, whose costumes and. bearing in their attendance upon vthe Queen added  iriuch to the success of the evening.    '���������XvxVX /-. .'.V  The   delight   of the   audience  was sustained throughout, scores  standing for the whole two hours  without an uninteresting moment.  To;accommodate all who wish to  hear this splendid entertainment  a second time and also such as  could not find admission last  evening, the cantata will be repeated tonight (Friday) at 8  o'clock.  A NEW NAME  .'������������������ -'' ��������� ������������������'"'  Mr. R. Kerr Houlgate, the  manager of one of the oldest financial institutions doing business  in Vancouver, the Yorkshire  Guarantee & Securities Corporation, Limited, makes an important announcement regarding that  company. He states that having  complied with the requirements  of the Trust Companies' Act of  British Columbia, and received  its certificate of registration under - the act, the company has  deemed it advisable to alter its  name so as to intimate to the  general public that it is empower-.  ecLto do a trust business. By special resolution   of its  sharehold  ers the name has been 'changed  tb "The* Yorkshire and Canadian Trust Limited." Q J. -  . This is merely a change in the  name, the shareholders; directors,  management and policy of the  company continuing as before.  The Yorkshire and Canadian  Trust' Limited is located in the  Yorkshire building, Seymour  street.. '  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L <  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture flanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  VERNON FEED CO.  255   BROADWAY EAST  XBesit Store for POULTRY  Supplies   x  Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed  Branches at 49th and Fraser; 270 Joyce, Bd., Collingwood  Phone*:   Pair.  186-878  and   Fraser   175    .       X  We carry everything you need for successful Poultry Raising.  Our Standard is "Quality, Service and Low Prices."  PHONES: Fair. 186-878 & Fraser 175  I eckieShoes  le_5^(Woi* "  :*&&.  1 Made  Cblairvt))a>  HIS SHOES WCWU OUT IN 4 WEEKS  Tbey looked alright, ion, when U first NiqM tfium, PUT- ���������  And right there is the .difference .between the  "Cheap" commercial Shoe made to sell, and LEC&IE'S  BOOTS AND   SHOES/made   to WEAE.   -   X X'     .;���������  WJO^E'S BOOTS ANP SHOES  , being made of strong, quality leather by EXPERT  -workmen, cost yon much less in the long run. Anywaj'  thousands of customers say so. Make your - next pair  LECKJE'S. M m pea|W8  The death took'place-at Victoria last week of Mrs. Ross,  wife of. Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of Lands. Her end was not  unexpected "by "f riendsXas" she  had been ailing for a/cbhsider-  able period.   Prior  to  her mar  riage in October, 1892, Mrs. Rosa  was Miss Leila Young. In addf  tif>n to her husband she isk survived ^by two sons arid thret  daughtersr SKe^waC very"populaj  amongst a large circle of ac^  qUaintances at the capital.  The choir of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church went* but to St.  David'sV church last evening and  rendered a choice program to a  large audience, being entertained  afterwards by the ladies of the  above church.  BIB. AETHUB AINSLEY AS KINO AHASUEBUS

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