BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call 1915-11-19

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xwestcall-1.0188657.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xwestcall-1.0188657.json
JSON-LD: xwestcall-1.0188657-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xwestcall-1.0188657-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xwestcall-1.0188657-rdf.json
Turtle: xwestcall-1.0188657-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xwestcall-1.0188657-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xwestcall-1.0188657-source.json
Full Text
xwestcall-1.0188657-fulltext.txt
Citation
xwestcall-1.0188657.ris

Full Text

 \ff.  i    * 1  4   ^ r   t  ->���������������>���������*    L'  Ai  I I  V     .   4J.  jflC(fc  oft  552  553  )  ������o*v  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  I  T.    J. KMtrner    '' 4  J M. Jtclnty... < .  ������������������   FuneJml Diraetor  < T. J. learney I Co.  Funenl   Dtncton  and -Bmlwlinm.   "  At your semee dar abd  night.  Moderate charge-*  '809 Broadway WM,  Phone: Fair. 1008  ' >  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY, NOYEMBER 19, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No/28  [EXEMPTION FROM THE   -  INCOME  TAX  IN THE BRITISH House of Commons this  | week on the motion of Right Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu, member for Cambridgeshire, a new  clause was added to the Finance Bill, empowering the treasury to free from the income tax  all foreign holders of* future loan' issues, whether made here or abroad. -Mr. Montagu explained that when the Anglo-French credit loan was  issued" in New York such a provision was found  necessary in order to attract investors. ff  The imposition of the income tax in the past  had proved a serious bar to obtaining foreign  subscriptions to loans, Mr. Montagu added, and.  by granting all foreign holders similar exemption the government, had heen assured that foreign subscriptions to future loans would be greatly increased.    -  BRITISH PREMIER ON  DOMESTIC ECONOMY  PREMIER ASQUITH told a questioner in the  House of Commons the other day that the gov-'  ernment was considering the enactment of legislation designed to secure domestic economy.  Sumptuary laws are no new thing in Britain,  though none have been enacted for nearly 300  years.  As early as the reign of Edward II. a proclamation was issued against the 'outrageous  and excessive multitude 'of meats and. dishes  which the great men of the kingdom had used  and .still used in their castles' and a law was  made that great men should have but two courses  of meat on their tables, and on.fish* days'but two  courses o������ fish. Edward III. went further and  enacted that servants of gentlemen, as well as1  merchants and artificiers, should have only one  meal of flesh or fish in the day, their other, food  consisting ot milk, butter and cheese.  The-parliaments,held at Westminster in 1363  made laws to restrain undue expenditure in  dress.. Apparently these were not enforced, for  a century later another statute was passed in  which it was recorded that 'the commons of the  realm, as" well men as women, wear excessive  and inordinate apparel to the great, displeasure  of God, the enriching of strange realms and the  destruction of this realm."  Scotland as well as England had sumptuary  legislation. In 1433 parliament sat at Perth  and prescribed the manner of living of all classes. The use of pies and baked meats, which  had only recently heen introduced into the country, was forbidden to all under the rank of  baron.   British sumptuary legislation, though it appears drastic to people of modern days, was restrained when compared to that of other nations.  In Japan, the regulations were multiplied in a  most bewildering manner, and every detail of a  man's life was regulated, from the cut of his  beard and the dressing of his hair down to the  cost of his wife's hairpins or the price of his  child's doll. In France, Charles V. forbade the  wearing of long-pointed shoes and under later  kings the use of gold and silver embroidery, silk  and fine linen was restricted. _  For anyone interested in the institutions of  the ancients, the laws of Greece and Rome provide a long series of regulations intended to curb  extravagance. Laconians were forbidden to attend drinking entertainments, jvhile no Lacedemonian was allowed to possess a house constructed  with more elaborate instruments than an axe and  a saw., Lycurgus forbade the use of gold and  silver arid substituted iron money, one of his  objects being to discourage foreign trade.  The Roman Oppiari Law; 215 B. C. forbade  any woman to possess more than half an ounce  of gold, wear a~ dress of. more than one color or  ride in a carriagein thercity or within a mile  of it except on occasions of public religious ceremonies. The Roman women, naturally, were opposed to the law, and their campaigner its repeal took the form of a series of riots. The Orr  chian Law, 187 B.C, limited the number of  guests at entertainments. The Fannian Law, fifteen years later, restricted the expense of entertainments. Among other things it provided  that no fowl should be served at any entertainment except a single hen and that not fattened.  Sulla directed new legislation against the luxury of the table and limited the cost of funerals:  It is said, however, that he violated the latter  ���������edict in burying his wife Metella. Julius Caesar,  finding that the old laws had fallen into disuse,  renewed them and. even sent officers to the market places and to feasts to remove forbidden  Vfoods.  NEW IMMIGRATION BUILDING TO BE OPENED SOON, IN FRONT OF WHICH  THE MINISTER OF PUBLIC .WOBKS HAS PROMISED A 920,000 WHARF  WILL  BE BUILT  HON. ROBERT ROGERS VISITS VANCOUVER  Federal Minister of Public Works  Inspects    Dominion    Govern  ment's Work Here.  That the/new Dominion t3ov  eminent immigration building at  the foot of Burrard street would  be opened immediately' for the  use of the immigration depart  ment: that a new wharf "would  be authorized at a cost of some  $20,000 in connection with the  Immigration department building; that the government would  endeavor to facilitate the sale of  bonds for the Amalgamated Engineering & Drydock Company at  North Vancouver so that work  could proceed as soon as possible  on this harbor improvement; that  the work of building the freight  sheds and warehouse on the government dock on Burrard Inlet,  between Salsbury and Commercial Drives, the cost of which will  be in the neighborhood of $400,-  000, would -proceed���������these, in  brief, are some of the immediate  benefits which will come to Vancouver as a result of the visit  of Hon. Robert Rogers.  Mr. Rogers said he was convinced that what the department is  doing for the port of Vancouver  is very necessary. There has been  no diminution in expenditure here  even under war conditions for  the reason that the port of Van  couver had in the past been ne  glected. There has been a neces  sary curtailment in some sections  of the Dominion owing to financial ^conditions, arid -���������' the. expenditures entailed through the war.  Vancouver, by its location, must  be one of the great seaports of  the Dominion, Whether the war  lasts a long or a short time these  works now being carried out here  are essential.. The development of  Canada will go on and we must  be prepared on. this west coast to  look after the interests of the  Dominion here.  "Since seeing Vancouver again  he was more "firmly ^ convinced  than ever~ of the "Deed of having  adequate drydock [and engineering works to takgfc care., of the  shipbuilding trade which logical  ly should come to this port. At  the conclusion of the war there  Will be much necessary work in  the refitting of. ships which 'have  been turned to the use of the  admiralty. The department will  facilitate to -the best of its ability the project which is now under way for the development of  the drydock and ship-building  plant on the North Shore./'  It was explained that an order-in-council had already been  passed guaranteeing a cash subsidy of 4 per cent, on bonds to  the value of $5,500,000 of ��������� the  Amalgamated Drydock-& Shipbuilding Company, of which Mr.  C. V. J. Spratt is the originator.  The department will be able to  render material aid to the company in the disposing of the necessary bonds. As soon as this  matter can be arranged work will  proceed on the construction.  He was greatly pleased with  the work which had been done  by the Board of Harbor Commissioners. In spite of criticisms  that may have been directed  against it, the department is much  pleased with the work already  accomplished for the development  of the port and for the plans  which are contemplated for future development.  On Tuesday last Mr. Rogers  was the guest of the Harbour  Board. In company with Mr. F.  L,! Carter-Cotton, Captain J. A.  Fullerton and Comiriissioneiv Sam  McClay, Mr. H. H. Stevens, MP.,  and Mr. C. C. Worsfall, government engineer, an inspection was  made of. the reclamation work being carried on in the tide fiats  of False ereek. Mr. Rogers "was  of the opinion that-the'.'development of industrial sites was * a  much-needed work. .Two acres  will be set aside for the use of  t^ie department,' of public" works  on this filled-in land. Mt."Rogers  said his department had not as  yet considered what the nature  of the improvements on their portion would be.  Plans and specifications have  already been prepared for the  work on building freight sheds  and warehouses on the government dock on Burard Inlet between Salsbury and Commercial  Drives. This work will be proceeded with in .the near future.  The expenditure entailed in the  completion of this work, it is  understood, will be in the neighborhood of $400,000.  _The new, -immigration depart-_  ment building at the foot of Burrard street will be taken over by  the department from the contractors and architect within the next  day or two. The officers which  will be housed in the structure  will take up their quarters there  almost immediately. The department will proceed with the construction of a wharf adjoining  the building, which will be used  for landing immigrants direct  from the ships. The cost of this  work will be in the neighborhood  of. $20,000.  A delegation from the Young  Men's Christian Association waited upon the minister and made a  formal offer of its partly-completed new building on Georgia  street for a period of five years,  or during the length of the war,  provided the government would  complete the building and equip  it as a convalescent home for  soldiers. Mr. Rogers expressed his  pleasure at receiving the offer.  The matter will be taken up with  the department as soon as the association officially submits the offer in writing at Ottawa.  THE AIR FLEET  BRITAIN'S air fleet is certainly doing most  effective work iri recent weeks. A report this  week says that over twenty zeppelin raids have  been frustrated by the ever-vigilant British air  fleet. Since Sir Percy Scott was put in command of Britain's air machines, a remarkable  change has taken place, so much so that there is  but little prospect ahead for the Germans in  their zeppelin raids. The details of the air fleet  manoeuvres are lacking and wisely so, but the  effectiveness eertainly is not.  X lt will be remembered that Sir Percy Scott  predicted the use of submarines several years  ago, but the wiseacres of Britain pooh-poolu-d  the idea. His prediction proved to be a stern  reality ere the war had progressed many weeks.  The addition of Sir Percy Scott to the inner ring  of the council of. war of Britain would be a move  in the right direction.  MARKET IN BRITAIN FOR  WOOD BLOCK PAVING  A SUPPLEMENT to the report of the Spei  cial Trade Commissioner, Mr. H. R. McMillan, >  dealing with the, above subject, replies received  from city engineers in Scotland who were sent  samples of Douglas fir creosoted blocks, may be  of interest.  Mr. James Thompson, city engineer, Dundee,  Writes: "I have examined the samples of creosoted Douglas fir paving blocks and am of opinion  that these are quite suitable for street paving,  in Dundee. I should he glad if you can give me  information as to the cost per thousand delivered'  at railway station or on quay, Dundee."  Mr. James Sim, city road surveyor, Edinburgh, advises: "I may say that this corporation  have hitherto been using Australian hardwoods���������  Jarrah, Karri and Blackbutt���������for street paving  purposes. The usual size of block used is 3-  -inch by 5-inch by 9-inch, or 3-inch by 5-incJi by  8-inch, while your samples measure 4-inch by 4- ,J  inch by 7 1-2 inch. I observe from your fetter  that the city of Westminster, London, has included these Douglas fir blocks in their specifications, and in the event of their importing the  wood in'any quantity, no doubt this corporation  would be able to obtain a small quantity of the -  blocks for trial. ~ Perhaps you will be good  enough to advise me if the wood is brought into  England, and also give me an idea of the cost of.  the blocks per 1,000."  The Glasgow city engineer made a personal  inspection of these paving blocks, and stated-  that the same compared very favourably with  those secured from other sources, but that the  use of Mocks had been discontinued in Glasgow  because .owing to the dampness of the .climate,  the heavy traffic and the method ol shoeing horses tbe wear on the blocks was found to be too  v J . I -. r  SOUTB VANCOU VUR RUE VUSBJ?  THAT A BETTER CLASS of men is coming  forward as candidates for office in South Vancouver is evidenced hy the candidacy of Mr. JS.  J. Gillespie, who is a candidate for the reeveship.   He has bad a most successful municipal  career.   He  sat in the  county  council  of the  county of Ontario for eight years.   During his  whole   eight   years   he was opposed but twice  and was elected both times by over two to one.  While in the county council Mr. Gillespie was  invariably a member of the finance and education  committees, and was chairman of the legislation,  chairman on finance, Mr. Gillespie took an ac-  council.   .     In 1894 whenMr.Gillespie entered the county  council for the fifth year he was selected as  presiding officer which position is known in the  province of Ontario as warden. While he was  chairman -on finence, Mr. Gillespie took an active part and arranged for the paying off of the  county indebtedness.  The county of Ontario had a population of  forty-five thousand and an assessment of twenty-  two million. In addition to his county council  work Mr. Gillespie presided over the work of the  local municipality of the township of. Mara in  the said county of Ontario for six years, and had  but one election during the six years. When he  retired from municipal politics he was banquet-  ted by the leading men of the county, both political parties, the commercial interests being very  much to the fore; An address and a purse of  money were presented to him in recognition, of  his many courtesies to the public. After being  out of municipal politics for one year, Mr. Gillespie was induced-by requisition to stand again  which he did for two years more.  Mr. Gillespie retired from municipal politics at the close of 1898 and left the county of  Ontario in 1901, going to Lindsay, in Victoria  county. Prior to his leaving the county of Ontario he was again presented with an address,  gold headed cane, etc. X  In 1904 Mr. Gillespie received an important  appointment as manager for British Columbia  for one of the old line life insurance companies,  and before leaving the town Mayor J. H. Soo-  thern, Senator McHugh, R. J. McLachlan, VK.C.,  and several of the leading business men presented Mr. Gillespie with an address.  > Mr. Gillespie is now almost twelve years a  resident of Greater Vancouver and is well and  favorably known to a large number of the business men of the city. Amongst Mr. Gillespie's  associates in the county council were Chas. Cal-  der, M.P.P., Myrtle, William Ross, ex-M.P, Port  Perry, F. L. Fooke, ex-M.P., Oshawa, John E.  Farewell, K. C. LL.B., Whitby, etc:, etc.  - <?  >x ���������,  X?|  'A   fl  Z< V 1  .    Friday, NdveinKer?19,1915.  -  m  WINSTON CHURCHILL MAKES REPLY  Mr. Winston Spencer Churchill,  who has been the most severely  criticized member of the government, and who has been held personally responsible for the loss of  Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher  Craddock's fleet in the Pacific,  the destruction by submarines of  the British cruisers, Cressy, Hogue, and Aboukir, the ill-fated  Antwerp expedition, and the initiation of the naval attack on the  Dardanelles, delivered a speceh in  his own defence in the House of.  Commons on Monday following  the resignation of his post in the  cabinet.  f'l won't have it said," was his  . dramatic assertion, referring to  the Dardanelles attack,'' that this  was a civilian plan foisted by a  political amateur upon reluctant  officers .and experts."  And this sums up his reply to  all critics. In every case he showed that experts^ had counselled  and concurred before any of the  expeditions which had been condemned had been undertaken,  and it was clear before he had  gone far that the House of Commons sympathized with him.  For months Mr. Churchill has  lived under reproaches. His entrance to  the house  on Monday  was passed almost unnoticed. As  he rose, his supporters gave him  encouraging cheers. Approbation  increased in volume as he    answered one charge after another,  and he concluded amidst a sue-  cession of applause, while members of all political parties crossed the House to congratulate him.>  There   was, nothing   apologetic  about the speech of the former  First Lord of the Admiralty, wjho  some months ago was transferred  to the Chancellery of the Duchy  of Lancaster, the office  he has  just resigned. His references to  , Admiral Lord Fisher, the former  '., First Sea Lord, who, he said, had  not openly, opposed the Dardanelles   undertaking,   were spoken  .in firm tones of condemnation.  X In the opinion, of the House,  Mr.    Churchill,   fully    justified  every step  he had taken  while  head of the Admiralty.  As to the dispatch of Rear-Admiral Cradock's squadron he said  he was in full agreement with  the experts and advisers of that  time���������Admiral Prince Louis' of  Battenberg and Vice-Admiral  ���������Sir Frederick Sturdee���������that the  dispositions were the best that  could be made in the circumstances.  There was no truth in the  charge that he had ordered,  against the advice of experts, the  Hogue, Cressy and Aboukir to  remain at sea, where they were  sunk by German submarines. The  Antwerp expedition originated,  ���������with Lord Kitchener, the Secre  tary for War, and the French  government, while th<? naval attack on the Dardanelles was ehv  borattly considered and had the  full support of the advisers at  home and those on the spot.  Both with regard to Antwerp  aad the Dardanelles, Mr. Church-  iH, for the purpose of defending  himself against reproaches, went  a hi tie further than merely pro-  dncing evidence that he had followed expert advise. A month before the Antwerp expedition was  undertaken, he said he had advised with Premier Asquith, Sir  Edward Grey, the Foreign Secretary, and Lord Kitchener, as to  the dangerous situation developing then and the grave consequences to admiralty interests  that would result from the loss  of. the fortress.  "But," he added, "no action  was taken."  As to the Dardanelles, before  a naval attack was undertaken,  he offered to provide transports  for 40,000/troops from Egypt, on  the chance of their being wanted,  but was informed that no troops  were available, and that if they  were they should not he used in  Gallipoli:> The naval-attack -was  endorsed  hy  Vice-Admiral  Car-  den, who was in command at the  time; by the War Council, which  Lord Fisher attended, and where  nobody spoke against it, and hy  the French Ministry of Marine.!- >  The third attack was about to  begin on.March 18, when, after  consultation, with  Admiral- Ro  beck and General Sir Ian Hamilton, it was decided to postpone  it until  the  troops were ready.  He opposed delay, but was overruled by experts. He rather inclined his epeech to criticise the  long periods which were allowed  to   elapse   between   the attacks  since the army landed.  Mr. Churchill paid a tribute to  Lord Fisher for the improvements  he had introduced in the navy  since the outbreak of the war,  and expressed confidence that ultimate victory would be achieved  through the destruction of Ger  man manhood and the increasing  strength of the Allies.  BRITAIN'S TERMS OF PEACE  , Right Hon. C. F. G. Master-  man, in an article entitled "The  Only Possible Peace Terms," published in the Daily Chronicle,  quotes Premier Asquith's statement: "We shall never sheathe  the sword, which we have not  lightly drawn, until Belgium recovers in full measure all, ahd  more than all, that she has sacrificed; until France is adequately  secured against the menace of aggression; until the rights of the  smaller nationalities of Europe  are placed upon an unassailable  foundation, and until the military domination of Prussia is  wholly and finally destroyed.  That is a great task worthy of  a great nation."  Mr. Masterman, 'who is believed to represent the government's views, then proceeds,:  "The minimum of so inspiring  and righteous an ideal has been  interpreted non-officially to me  by some such scheme as follows:  "Belgium will be restored to  complete independence, with an  indemnity payment by Germany  adequate to the rebuilding of her  ruined cities and villages and the  revival of her destroyed industries and full compensation for  her disabled and her dead.,  The Rhine as Boundary  "France will receive Alsace and  Lorraine t.ud an indemnity for all  the damage done, but also a natural and defensive boundary. The  natural   boundary which would  render eGnnany's attack forever  unrepeatable alike upon Belgium  as well as France is the boundary  ,of the Rhine. Let Germany remain there, for the Rhine is its  natural boundary:  "Denmark will receiv Sehles-  wig, which is purely Danish.  "German, Austrian and Russian Poland will be united -under  the Czar or a king appointed by  him.  "Italy will receive the Tren-  tine and the whole of Ltalian Ir-  radenta. ���������  "The Turkish Empire will be  torn to fragments and Armenia,  Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia  and Thrace divided among those  who would- develop and revive  the once fair places now desolate under alien rule. The Turks  will generally be penned up in  Central Anatolia, where they  will be compelled to learn to  work instead of massacre.  "Serbia will be restored with a  heavy indemnity from Austria-  Hungary to repair the vast dam-  ago done. She will receive Bosnia and Herzegoxina, full and  adequate access to the Adriatic  and all of Austria that is Serb.  "A united Roumania, a united  Greece, is possible if these nations can rise to the height of  their opportunity. If Greece and  Roumania. consider Gracca Irredenta or Transylvania not worth  fighting for, they will never receive them in the end,, for a government and nation which will  not risk its life for its enslaved  brethren is a government and nation which will not risk its life  for its enslaved brethren is a  government and nation unfit by  such cowardice to be given the  privilege of ruling over them,  even if liberated by other hands.  "The German, fleet should be  surrounded, arid either sunk or  divided up among the allies. All  zeppelins and zeppelin hangers  should   be burned.   German col-  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican ,  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of, Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers, of Leather Goods in B. C,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BUTTER NOT  Icb as  Butter"  BREAD  'Sw������>c������t as  ANut-  5c  FULL  POUND  WRAPPED  LOAF  Give the Children Lots  of Butter-Nut Bread  _ No other food is so substantial���������so healthful for nourishing young and vigorous bodies.  It's just as good for "grown folk" as well  SHELLY'S WRAPPED  BUTTER-NUT BREAD  is healthful and wholesome because it is made  CLEAN in GLEAN surroundings from ingredients absolutely PURE. Refuse substitutes���������  specify BUTTER-NUT or phone Fairmont 44  and have it delivered daily.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of popular 4X Bread. Phone Fairmont  44.  onies, worthless in themselves,  must remain as.-trophies for the  nations who have conquered, them  ���������South Africa, India, Australia  and New. Zealand.  The Chinese President is being urged by the powers to defer the establishment of the Monarchy.  A druggist at Moncton, N. B., offers to fill prescriptions for soldiers'  wives and  children free.  .' /.  PISPUY YOUB  MERCHANDISE TO  Better advantage, by improving the lighting equipment of  your show windows for tbe holidays.  Observant crowds are beginning to throng the streets  after nightfall, eagerly trying to solve the perplexing  question of holiday gifts. They will he attracted to the  most brilliantly illuminated windows, and by the best  lighted stores.  , With our illuminating engineering service, which is free  to our customers, you can secure an illumination throughout your store which will increase the efficiency of your  employees, show your goods with more profitable results,  and minimize the cost of yonr lighting system.  Our service and co-operation are yours for the asking.  Carrall and Hastings Sts.  Phone Seymonr 5000  " Pride of the West"  ��������������������������� BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  .  Goods and the Money."  ^kv  v /  1   *  V  v  x%  , v  v  .      v     V  h_k                               ������w  -'-       V         ^  _             _  _       __v������ _ v   _, _  _  _    .  ^^'"*^������  ^-*-* i-.^fc. L^,  */���������         *""���������"*"""���������"*-���������"  NEW POST OFFICE BUILDING AT CORNER OF 15TH AND MAIN, INSPECTED ON TUESDAY LAST BY THE HON.  ROBERT ROGERS, MINISTER OF PUBLIC  WORKS, AND   SOON   TO   BE OPENED ���������'���������  -V"' XXX'' ������������������' .*.- ':';������������������'���������������������������-;������������������ :���������������������������'���������*" ���������������������������- .-XX';   ���������.'���������:,,^HAWl/W^^'M*  ���������.���������-'���������������������������     ������������������-.,' .'.���������-������������������     ,c-...i        ��������� ���������.    ,'.--���������,  "., .'- "���������'���������!',.��������� -���������:'���������'��������� ���������.���������^WZ-v.-JV./'i ''W->-'  '   -,'���������  ' rJ  .'���������   '   :-   .           - v,           -���������      ���������.'.'.".;���������  ;    .���������"������������������':, f-~."* ;,;; /i-r,'-.i't-.~>rti.ii&j;-,jy'j7,--''  '.'������������������,     XX    ���������'.".,','   X ",���������'"'-..   ���������       " '             -,'���������,'.',.���������      ���������' , XX^XX'X'Cv'X  joined the survey, of Westerh  Palestine under Major Condor.'  His. real chance came,, however,  when Sir Evelyn "Wood organized  the Egyptian army in 1882. Kitchener at once volunteered for  service, was.appointed one of.the  two majors for cavalry, and did  sterling work in the Nile Expedition of 1884.  There can be no doubt that  Kitchener's!, unrivalled knowledge of Egypt and the natives  laid foundation to his wonderful career!'  For two years Kitchener wandered from Cairo to Abu Hamed,  from Berber to the Red Sea,  never knowing when he might be  brought face to face with a violent death. Oh one accasibn, in  order to obtain news of the Mah-  di, he visited Omdurmah disguised as an Arab trader. There tie  witnessed the execution of a supposed spy, and the. poor wretch  was subjected to such torture  that Kitchener procured^ a tiny  phial of cyanide of potassium,  which he concealed about his person. As he subsequently remarked, "Death at their hands I did  not fear; in fact, I expected it.  But such a death-"  ' An incident in Kitchener's career about this time, which is  vouched for by one of his relatives, strikingly illustrates his personal courage and cleverness.  Two Arabs had been caught, but  they feigned deafness, and Kitchener could get nothing from  them. They were detained in a/  tent. In half an hour another  spy was caught, and bundled in-  zm.  ���������J-r  _������x  y%\  ''XI  JZiA  ;One of the. most'striking������������������^'deX^XXx  scriptions of Lord Kitchener 'ahdX^X-XV  his administrative work in/Egypt^-.'- Xv  was. that; of G. N; Sarruf''-BeyX'V--A-'":kX  son of the proprietor of the w;ell-../..(.  known Cairo vernacular news-pa- XX  per,   Al-Mokattam,  ,who;, duringl ,X  a visit to London not; long ago,   X^Xiv  said: ,-, _-,.. ;��������� .,; x.XXX  : "One has only to go across .-.to. .XX:/k  the agency in Cairo any morning ��������� V XX  to understand the hold/ which >  Lord Kitchener has secured over;,  the Egyptians. He is accessible to V  all. Anybody with a grievance is'A  free to go and lay it before him, V  confident of obtaining a fair and';  patient hearing. At the ,. Agency 'A  one sees deputations , from A'the./  villages, ten or twelve ���������,*strong,X:  headed by the ma^ror and the V  omdeh, or elder, who have come1':  in their best clothes to. lay some "*.  request before *E1 Lord.' as the :  peasants always call Lord : Kit- :  chener." "������������������';'.  , His grim, laconic. humour, was  well illustrated by the reply he  is said to have sent on one 6c- ;  easion to the war office authori- ',  ties, who were pressing a cer- '  tain gun upon him whieh he did  not want. "Keep the gun," he  wired; "I can throw stones my-  'self." , - .V..V/  It may be said that Lord l;Kit^tXllSf|5s������  chener has but one hobby���������flow-X  ers. He loves to see the garjcfehsX  of Broome Park, his, place riearX  Canterbury, in magnificent arX  ray, abloom with flowers, andJttiy  spend what leisure hours he/tiaa^  among them. A  X  ���������'������������������' 'JI  .. <���������-''  ':. '-V .v  ,������>-,  XS;!  SP  The house itself, a grand^VWd^^  17th century  mansion,  stanj^ii|^|pij|^^|  to the tent with the other two.Jin the centre of one of the fincsSSI^^Ji|  wooded "parks in the cbunt^feis^������||S|M|  '&.?.&������<*&$&M������$m  They were left for an hour, talk  ing briskly all the time, and then  the door was thrown open and  the third spy demanded to t>e taken tp the head-quarters. It was  replete   with    treasures    which  Lord Kitchener has brought  mm  India and Egypt���������fabrics, skins;1  embroideries, and china. Butijfc  M  'J. '^iV'i'i'A.  Who is Reported to be Now in th������ Balkans  i .i  EABL KITCHENER  With such grim taciturnity has  Lord Kitchener always shielded  himself, that even to-day, although he has passed his sixty-  fifth birthday, he is .still an enigma to the general public and  to those who claim to know him.  He has repulsed the dervishes in  Egypt and the Boers in . South  Africa. He absolutely refuses to  reveal himself, and if it was ever  truthfully said of a man that he  wished to be judged by deeds,  not words, that man is the soldier and war secretary who will  write his name on military his  tory even larger than did Wellington.  "My lords, I am a soldier, not  a politician," he said, at the  opening of his maiden speech as  War Secretary in the House of  Lords a couple of weeks after  the war of nations broke out.  There we have the keynote of  his character and the secret of his  success. His profession first;  everything else subservient to it.  He has no use for the man who  thinks of anything but work  when there is work to be done.  As a cadet he entered upon  his profession at the Roal Military Academy at Woolwich with  ftf  W  Po Yoa Want to Rent Yonr Home?  We are having numerous inquiries for houses, both furnished and  unfurnished, in all parts of the City. Expert service offered to  owners. Exclusive listings solicited. Consult W. C. Pindlay, Manager Bental Dept.  North West Trust Company, Limited  E. B. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  509 RICHARDS  STREET. PHONE, SEY.  7467  m  that whole7hearted energy (which  has always been ~ characteristic  of the man, and-it was by sheer  hard work and devotion to duty  that he won promotion with almost meteoric rapidity.  The son of a soldier���������Lieutenant-Colonel H. H. Kitchener, who  served 'in India both as a cavalry and infantry officer���������Lord  Kitchener made no mistake in his  choice of a profession. A young  man who, as soon as he heard of  the great battles and strenuous  sieges of - the Franco-Prussian  war of 1870, quietly slipped  across the channel to fight and  gain military experience, can  scarcely be said to have been  lacking in, martial spirit or interest. This is exactly what Kitchener did. He was not twenty  years of age at the time, but he  did not hesitate, and to General  on to say; "the young fellow  owned up so manfully tbat his  answer saved his bacon. Isaw  there was real grit iu him. I  told him such a thing was absolutely unpardonable, and I decided that he should have his commission." And the Puke had  no reason afterwards, as he more  than once admitted, to regret his  decision.  So far as one can gather, however, Kitchener did not impress  those with whom he came into  contact in his early years as possessing any distinctive abilities  or characteristics.  "As a boy," says his cousin,  Mr. F. S. Kitchener, "Lord Kitchener was tall and lanky, quite  six feet in height, and with a shy,  nervous manner. He managed  somehow to scramble into Woolwich.  He  was  not high  in the  Chanzy, who fought so gallantly lists, and no one thought much  against     the     Germanv    hordes|0f him," a description which is  ft  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  k Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylpr^Forbes Co.  XX'X   WMITED    '���������:-.'  Vancouver, B. C.  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  engineers; machinists  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  hordes around Le Mans, and in  whose army the f.itture Field-  Marshal enlisted, belongs the distinction of providing Kitchener  with his baptism of fire.  Kitchener's eagerness and  pluck, however, might have led  to the extinction of one of the  greatest soldiers and military administrators Britain has ever produced, for his rush to France was  viewed"'with great disfavour by  the authorities at home. As soon  as they hearol that, he was with  General Chahzy's army they pre-  emptorily recalled V. him, and to  the Duke''of Cambridge fell the  task^of administering a "severe  reprimand" when the culprit  reached home. ^  Speaking of the incident in after years, the Duke said: "I had  doubts as to whether I should  give the young fellow his commission. I put the question to him,  .Why did you do this?' 'Please,  sir,' was the prompt reply, 'I  understood that I should not be  wanted for some time, and I could  not be idle. I thought,I might  learn something.' There was no  prevarication," the   Duke   went  Kitchener himself, who had,   of characteristic x>f : this '' maiUS!  course, found out all'he wanted \Tdn ���������  ^-.  to know. *  There are  not   a   few people  who   contend ��������� that , Kitchener's  success in Egypt is'not a" little  due to the fear with which he is  regarded by  the natives.   Nothing could be farther from    the  truth. He can be inhumanly cold  and   stern   when occasion     demands - but he did not study the  natives of Egypt for twenty years  without learning how  to  secure  their   trust and   regard,   if   not  their affection. As British Agent-  General of Egypt he made all the  Egyptians,    from    the   Khedive  down  to the   humblest   peasant,  realize that he was their friend  and understood their needs.  that his private rooms c^fiS  uJx-m  tain no .more luxuries .thanlX^?^  usual-Soldier's work-a-day ^Jjl|!i.:  and the simple- camp-bed. 'm'&a-**^  mm  ���������mm  *Wv  =M  0. N. 15XWHWW  o.?isn officii mw*������^    W-^rrr-^lm^  a .   ,       ,.     ^x.^-m xi$i������������s  Arrangements have been ;eoin-������  pleted fbr the opening of anlof^v  fice for the  Canadian  Northern;  Express Company at 724 Hastings  St.   West,  according  to  an  ori-  nouncement made by Mr. W.: C.,  Muir, general superintendent;  of;  the Canadian Northern Express  Company.   Mr. Z. M. Biddietbri'-J'.  will have charge of the Vancouver branch for the company.  X  borne out by other relatives and  friends who knew Kitchener as  a boy. One refers to him as  "quiet, taciturn, good at books,  but taking a bad place in out-1  door games and gymnastics,"  while another describes him as  a " shy, self-contained boy, who  took no part in the rough-and:  tumble sports of his companions."  The grandfather of the War  Secretary was a well-known London merchant, one of whose sons  was the Master of the Clithwork-  ers' Company. It was Lord Kitchener himself who reminded a  pompous individual, who insisted  on claiming, old friendship with  him on the plea that their families were friends two generations  ago, that he came from a commercial stock.  "If your grandfather lived and  worked with mine," said the  Field-Marshall with a twinkle in  his eye, "they must have been  selling tea in the same shop."  Kitchener was twenty when he  obtained his commission as a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in  1871,   and three   years   later he  Get Action  -TELEPHONE  To write or talk, that's the question!  Three minutes of quick, decisive telephoning, or three days of indecisive corresponding?  Settle the matter now by a telephone  call! Costs much less than dictation, typing, stationery, stamp, and the time lost!  Much Less!  Take'a trip .by-telephone.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited I ? x '  I ">    4  1  4  THE WESTERN  CALL*  Friday, .November 19,1915.  B"  if! 4  '/  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H.  STEVENS, M. P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  TWO DIFFERENT VIEWS  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  WOOD PULP REQUIRED IN ITALY  THE DEPARTMENT is in receipt of a cable,  forwarded by Mr. Harrison Watson, Trade Commissioner at London, from a firm in Milan, Italy,  who wTish to import large quantities of wood  pulp and cellulose for paper works. If Canadian shippers interested wire Mr. Harrison Wat:  son, stating merchant prices c.i.f. Genoa, he will  repeat to Milan. Should exporters desire to communicate direct with the firm in question the  name of the company may be obtained on application to the Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa.  WAR SUPPLIES FOR FRANCE  INFORMATION has been received by the  Canadian Government that the General Supply  Purchasing Branch of the French War Department ^is open to receive offers for supplies from  Canada, especially of wheat, flour and oats, and  would immediately examine into such offers. The  address is:  Mons. l'lntendant-General Vannetelle,  Inspector General du Ravitaillement  Ministere  de la Guerre  6 Boulevard des Invalides,  Paris, France.  Particulars as to quality, price and port of  shipment should be clearly and carefully given  and Canadian firms who, have representatives in  Paris should get into direct communication with  the above.  aAFETT-mST INSTRUCTJON  GIVEN TP TBE OEILPREN  THE PUBLIC SCHOOL CHILDREN of New  York city are  being instructed in safety-first  principles: Through.the co-operation of the police  department with, the Board- of Education, police  - sergeants are sent to tbe schools to deliver fifteen-  minute tfilks to the children at the nine o'clock  assembly on such subjects as the prevention of  street  accidents and  the   dangers   of  bonfires. ,  They also explain why tbe police have to break  np certain games on the street, and point out  the results of mischievous acts.    The children  are taught to overcome their fear of policemen  and  to   regard  them as  their  friends.   Good  results of the work are said to be already apparent in tbe better understanding which exists  between children and _ the. police.    _ _   __.  WJSPOM NEEDED FOR TBE TASK  i_   LORD ROSEBERY, speaking in London recently, dealt at length with the closer federation of the Empire. He told how the old Imperial Federation League had been dissdlved, partly  because they thought any proposals for closer  imperial relations should come from the Dominion, not from the mother country.  '   "I am rather disposed to think," said Lord  Rosebery, "after the flux of time and the experience of the war, that that judgment may be,  reversed  and  that the  proposal should  come  from the  mother country to the dominions   to  come, into her council and share the responsibilities  as  regards   her  foreign policy.    That  shows what progress the question has made.  The  blood the Dominions have shed on our behalf  must, in its consequence, change the constitution of Empire.   I am not now talking of an  ideal House of Commons with proportional representation, because it is practically impossible.  I do not care what form it is going to take, for  our constitution after all, in a technical sense,  is a mere ruin.    There are so many breaches in  the walls that there is ample' opportunity for  rebuilding when we need An architect.    When  the  labors of the  arduous  peace congress   are  over, there  will appear  the  higher peaks   behind, the more gigantic task of reorganizing the  British Empire.      God grant that wisdom and  power be given our statesmen in that day, whenever it comes,  and that the patriotism of  our  outer Dominions shall be shown as much in this  bloodless council  as  on the fields of the Dardanelles and Flanders."  This from two Toronto papers:  If Mr. Lavergue's remarks in reply to Sir,  Sam Hughes' invitation to take command of a  regiment indicate the temper of the French-Canadians, they are no more French than they are"  British. Their mother country has her very existence threatened, but French Canada does not  move. The British Empire is threatened, and still  the French-Canadian refuses to go to its defence.  For a hundred and fifty years the British  navy has protected Canada. The British flag has  assured the people i;berty and security from  international difficulties. Under the benign influence of that flag, the French-Canadian race has  prospered amazingly. But they look across  the sea to the land that has protected and,supported them with a feeling of disregard that it  is very difficult for any person with an ordinary  sense of gratitude to explain.���������The Sentinel.  There is no lack of. patriotism or courage in  any province.     The people of French origin are  as loyal to the British flag and as appreciative ,  of British liberty as the people of British origin, and so far as racial heritage is an influence,  the struggle of old France against a  national  menace is an irresistible appeal.    Britain and  France, separated nationally and geographically,,  are fighting together for  the highest national  and political ideals.    Under such circumstances '  it is simply absurd to attempt the promoting of  antipathies between people of British and French  origin who have been politically united for a  century and a   half.     The   Bourassa-Lavergne  campaign is merely a penalty of the late election.     It shows that   chickens   come   home   to  roost.    The people of Canada, -irrespective of racial origin, know that Canada is at war. They  know that this is Canada's war. They know that  it is the war of all upholders of personal liberty  and national integrity throughout the world. A  few irreconcilables, voicing absurdities  and  assuming political and constitutional impossibilities in anger over deceptve campaign promises, ~  receive attention out of all proportion to their importance.    Quebec is sound at heart and loyal to -  the British crown and the cause for which the  Empire is fighting. If slow in repudiating un- ���������  worthy leaders or in responding to the call forv  volunteers, the ultimate response will be all thes  more emphatic and effective.���������The Globe.  NEW GOVERNMENT ELEVATOR, .WHICH WAS INSPECTED BY THE MINISTER  OF PUBLIC WORKS, TO BE READY BY THE MIDDLE OF JANUARY  PACKING PARCELS  FOR SOLDIERS  BRITISH COLUMBIA .ANP    *  THE PANAMA CANAL  TH������ AGITATION in British Columbia to  secure facilities for,water transportation between,  eastern and western Canada by way of the Panama Canal continues. The% attitude of the- railways toward the water routes has not yet been  clearly defined. It is known that Mr. Hays,  the former head of the Grand Trunk system,  cousidered that a water route by way of the  Panama would prove supplementary to rather  than a competitor of the Canadian railways. The  Canadian Pacific has long profited by the maintenance on the Pacific coast of an American customs officer, whose presence facilitates the shipments in bond through Canada of much Oriental  freight destined for points in New England.  The people of British Columbia consider that  in viewofthis therailways should hot objectto  the stationing in New York ,of a Canadian customs officer, whose presence there would facilitate the shipment of heavy and cheap Canadian  freight which cannot stand the cost of an all-  rail haul to the coast of British Columbia. Some  time ago a deputation representing the Canadian  Manufacturers' Association went to British Columbia on the invitation of the jobbers to attend a conference between the jobbers and the  railway officials in an endeavor to work out something in the way of satisfactory competitive rates  between rail and water similar to the rates which  have lately been established in the United States  over the transcontinental railways to meet the  competition of- the Panama Canal.  Mr. S. H. Parsons, a vice-president of the  Association and Chairman of the Transportation  Committee, made it clear during these conferences that he personally had not changed his attitude in regard to the question of facilitating water transportation to British Columbia. In a  former article The Globe suggested that Mr. Parsons had changed .his position on this issue since  he addressed the Premier six months ago. Mr.  Parsons was not a member of the deputation  which, on behalf of the manufacturers and the  business men of the Pacific coast, urged Sir Robert Borden and his colleagues to provide facilities at New York for water shipment to the  Pacific coast. At that time he and his colleagues were desirous of doing everything possible to make communication easy between eastern and western Canada. He still believes that  the duty of the east to the west will not be  fully discharged without securing, in any Nvay  that lies open the most favorable rates of transportation between the east and the west���������Toronto Globe.  The public is urged to exercise  every care in packing-parcels for  the troops,, as careful packing is  absolutely essential to ensure delivery of the parcels in good order. - ~  Parcels sent abroad require a  higher standard of packing than  is necessary in the Canadian Parcel Post, and this applies with  even greater force to parcels for  the troops. Those which are inadequately packed run great risk  of damage or loss of contents.  Thin cardboard boxes, such as  shoe boxes, and thin wooden boxes, should not be used; nor does  a single sheet of ordinary brown  paper afford sufficient protection.  The following forms of packing  are recommended:  1. Strong double cardboard boxes, preferably those made of corrugated cardboard, and having  lids which completely enclose the  sides of the boxes.  2. Strong wooden boxes.  3. Several folds of stout packing paper.  4. Additional security is afforded by an outer covering of linen,  calico or canvas, which should be  securely sewn up.  The address of the parcel should  be written in ink on the cover  preferably in two places.  The  address  of  the   sender of  the parcel should also be stated  in order that it may be returned if undeliverable. The contents  of'the parcel should be stated  in  writing on, the  cover.    -  In the case of parcels sent to  the Mediterranean Force, -they  should be very strongly packed.  They should'be as nearly round  as possible, and well padded with  shavings, crumpled paper, or similar protective material. The outer covering should consist of  strong linen, calico or canvas, and  should be securely sewn up. The  use of wooden or metal boxes  with square .corners .is undesirable, as parcels so packed are liable to injure other parcels, in  transit. No . perishable articles  should be sent, * and anything  likely to become soft or sticky,  sueh as chocolates,' should be enclosed in tins. Parcels merely  wrapped in paper or packed in  thins cardboard, boxes, such as  shoe boxes, cannot be accepted-..  BOOKER T. WASHINGTON  D. L. Moody used to say when  "I am dead I am not dead."  Truly this can be said of this great  man. A second "Abraham Lincoln to his race," and yet no  man reached the ladder of fame  by harder fights than he did. The  young man who wanted to be  educated,   but  so   poor  had  to  wander in search of it, laid under  sidewalks on bitter nights whilst  on his way, and when the long  expected goal was reached was-  told, as were the parents of His  Master, 'there was no ,room for  him.' Finally' a test came, that  of sweeping a room, no room, probably was swept better than that  one was swept, and reswept by  this thoroughness. He was admitted, as cleanliness was found  everywhere, and so throughout  his useful life'this characteristic  stood him in good stead. He became so popular he had sometimes  had to go thousands of miles for  a ten minute address. Shortly  after this his biography was published. *I had the pleasure of  hearing this noble character in  Montrear, and though held at  4.3������ p.m. an immense crowd gathered. As one man said, "no  one could.have drawn such an au-  dience."  Dr. Booker .T. Washington is  dead, and while people will  mourn for him and cannot be  comforted, let them think of that  great epitaph that stands an imperishable monument^ to., .his  memory, The Tuskegee Institute  for the education of his own race.  The stories about food being  scarce in eGrmany have the flavor  of German manufacture. Does the  Kaiser v/ant the United States to  feed Poland*as well as Belgium?  LIQUID BREAD  I REMEMBER once seeing over a public  house door in Liverpool: "Good Ale is Liquid  Bread." I went into the house and said: "Give  me a quart of Liquid Bread."  The .landlord said: "Ah, first rate sign,  isn't it?" _   _ _   "Yes," said I, "if it's true."  "Oh, it's true enough; my beer is all right."  ,   "Well, give me a bottle to take home."  f He gave me a bottle of this liquid bread.  I took it to Dr. Samuelson, an analytical  chemist, and I said to him: "I want you to tell  me now much bread there is in this bottle."  He smelled it and said: "It's beer."  "No, no," I said, "it's liquid'bread." ..  ''Well," he said, "if you come again in a week  I'll tell you all about it."  He charged me three guineas. In a week's time  I went to know all about the liquid bread. The  first thing about it was, that there was 93 per  cent, of water.   "It's liquid anyhow," I said.  "We'll pass that, now let's get on to the  bread."  "Alcohol, 5 per cent."  "What's alcohol?" I said.  "There's a dictionary. Yon can hunt it up/  for yourself."  I hunted it up and found alcohol described  as a powerful narcotic poison.  Well, I thought, this is the queerest description of bread I ever read in my life.  Then he gave me a number of small percentages of curious things which he had put  carefully down on each corner of. a piece of  white ���������'paper, and which amounted to about a  quarter of a thimbleful of dirty looking powder.  That was the bread, 2 per cent".  ;  "And there would not be so much as that,"  said Dr.  Samuelspn,  "if it were Bass'  or All-  sops'.  "This is bad beer."  "So the better the beer the less bread there  is in it?" .* ��������� X  ������������������  "Certainly.   It is the business of the brewer  to get the bread out of it, not to put bread into  it."    ���������  This is the simple, scientific truth with regard to beer, and the case is stronger with regard to wine and spirits.���������S. G.  TO JVID RETURNED SOLDIERS  AT A" MEETING of the provincial executive  held this week, action was taken looking to the  British Columbia committee acting in conjunction  with the federal committee for the care of returned soldiers.  The provincial government will work along  the same lines as adopted hy the other provinces, and in the course of a short time the important work will have been launched on a business  basis.  Hon. Dr. Young has been appointed chairman  of the committee, which will consist ,of seven  members. The Victoria City Council will be asked  to nominate a member, and one each will be nominated by the special committee of the Victoria  Board of Trade, which has the matter in hand,  the Vancouver City Council, the Canadian Club  .of Vancouver, the New Westminster City Council and the Nanaimo City Council.  Dr. Young has written to officials of the  other provinces in the Dominion, and upon their  replies will base the policy to be followed by  British Columbia. Local conditions may require some variation from the line of action pursued in certain- other sections of Canada. The  committee's task will be to take care of returning soldiers who have no means of livelihood, of  the totally disabled and the convalescent. The  latter class is to be a charge_upon the Dominion,  but every facility will be furnished by the  province to the federal authorities in carrying  on the work. X-.. *"���������  Dr. Young anticipates that nominations for  the personnel of the committee should reach him  in the course of a few days, after which a meeting will be called. Employers of labor will be  asked to furnish lists of openings for employment. VXXX^iX-;.  V Friday; Ndveml>er19,19iff*  flf^?:5y__^|mN^C^^  xxxxx^^^  Cleaned Really More Times  Than Seems Necessary J    /  ������������������m^���������������������������BBH^^������������������������������������������������������HIV      V'  X * ( /  >  Such scrupulous care is taken to have ROYAL  STANDARD FLOUR come to you absolutely  CLEAN���������free from dirt, fluff or lint, that sometimes visitors have remarked it seems unnecessary.   That is why      " '  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  is as clean a flour as it is possible to mill.-. The  result is, your bread, besides being larger in  volume and closer-textured with a peculiar delicious flavor, will he SPOTLESSLY CLEAN.  Compare a ROYAL STANDARD loaf, with any  other loaf and prove it for yourself. When you  ask your grocer_ for this made-in-B. C^ flour  REFUSE to have substitutes foisted upon you.  Look for the circle V trademark.  Vancouver Milling ft Grain Co., Ltd.  Vancouver, New, Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  ������X*X*.������KMfS';l  %&&^i$8j-rf*;t  lUftlpPi  AAjyyj&^A&xn  ,W$$/Mm  Xv  rrrV&-y^m  -jAAAAjm^m  rrrrMJ.y$^M  AAAryywfim  yAA^y/^0  WM/^MSm  slSfeS  !/Mgim  m������zm  J. D. McNBJL  A Candidate for tbe Mayoralty Contest Next January  Premier  Pancake  Flour  Made from CHOICEST  of Wheat Products.  AGREEABLE to any  SENSE.  A&Jkys^m  X;XX^������w  xx#i#$tp  ���������vXSi!������$|l|  ifitilill  I j. d. mcneill  CANDIDATE FOR MAYOR  Mr. J. D. McNeill, a resident of  j Vancouver for 18 years, who has  'definitely announced his candidature for the office of mayor, is one  [of Vancouver's successful busi-  l ness men.  From a- very small beginning  he has gradually built up by  strict attention to business'and  honorable dealings, one of the  largest and most successful cartage, coal and builders' supply  businesses in the city. All of. his  investments and interests are in  Vancouver, and the city's growth  gating between  Meals is perfectly  Natural for  Healthy, Active  Children  ���������Give TbemGoocJ,.  Energy-Restariog  and prosperity are, therefore^ of  special interest to him.  His success in his own business  and his experience as alderman  for Ward II. fit him for the office  *  of mayor:  Mr. McNeill has always given  his adherence to and been a generous supporter of every movement for the betterment of Vancouver as a whole. No corporation or combination of parties  would have any pull with him.  As mayor he would see that any  person or corporation doing business with the city would do it in  a business-like way and live up  to-their agreements-in every detail.  (A'.  THE PRIME MINISTER  AND MACHINE GUNS  The BETTER Breads  I)   - - X .._.*'-. ;X ... .'    '��������� - .     :'  \ ���������     .' x  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  of Canada's most nutritious floor and pore  in British Colombia's most sanitary, clean,  baking  5  FULL  16  OUNCE  LO^F  Every one "seeled at i_he oven"  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers of BETTER Bread  After the very definite, almost  emphatic statement of. the Prime  Minister at St. John, N. B., on  October 20th no further money  should be diverted from the Patriotic Fund by well meaning but  rather thoughtless people who  claim that the equipment of tlie  Canadian forces is insufficient.  Sir Robert has made it very plain  that the government is fully prepared to make every necessary  provision for guns, munitions and  equipments and he appeals to the  generosity of the public only on  behalf of the Canadian Patriotic  Fund, the Red Cross Society and  sister associations. We quote below an extract from the speech  in question:  m"Regarding-;machine guns, we  realized early in the war the  necessity of an abundant supply,  and orders have been given from  time to time for a very large  number. Those ordered during  the iirst twelve months of the  war are now being rapidly delivered., and they are more than  sufficient to equip two full army  corps up to the highest standard  of the enemy's forces. During  the past summer the provision of  machine guns became a matter of'  vital interest to tne, Canadian  pejople, as reports through the  prjess emphasized the necessity  that our forces should be adequately supplied witli all the machine guns that could be utilized.  Patriotic individuals offered to  contribute large sums for this  distinctive purpose. The government of Ontario made a similar  patriotic proposal, and throughout the country various communities generously subscribed to  funds for this object. During my  absence in Great Britain my colleagues endeavored to make it  clear, -to the people that _an. ample supply of machine guns had  been ordered and that these would  be- paid for out of the Canadian  treasury. The treasury of Canada  ought properly to bear all the  cost of equipping and maintaining our forces in the field, and  that has been our policy. Nevertheless, the "spirit and impulse  which prompted our people could  not be stayed, and, indeed, any  attempt to. stay it would have  been misunderstood. Up to date  the sums thus received by the government amount to $773,327.95.  "In dealing with other needs  which will certainly arise, the  government will not fail to remember that these generous and  free-will contributions have been  made. And in all your splendid  generosity, do not forget the Patriotic. Fund and the Canadian  Red Cross ..Society. They haye  done a great work, but they have  a stilt greater work to do. Ap  peals which assuredly will not  fall on deaf, ears must be made  in the early future. See that the  response is generous and ample.  When you are: making provision  for the Canadian Patriotic Fund,  the Canadian Red Cross Society,  the Canadian War Contingent Association and other like patriotic  organizations, you may be assured that the government will  not Vfail to make every necessary  provision for guns, munitions and  equipment."  . Jj.IjJEA  T.Xp.   SN^IiGROVB r:.,\  Ot tbe Western Call Staff, who baa  BnUstad   for   Overseas   Service  MANAGER OF "THE CALX,"  HEEDS THE CAW.  The "Call to the Front" has  been heard by another member  of the Western Call staff in the  person of our genial manager, Mr.  Ira T. P. Snelgrove, who has  recently enlisted for service with  the llth Regiment Irish Fusiliers  (the 121st Battalion Western  Irish). The Western Call is "doing its bit," this being the second member of the staff to enlist  for overseas within the last week  W. Cruickshank of the composing department, having left  last week for the front with the  47th battalion, while another  member is , now on the peace  strength of the Irish and expects  to enlist in a few days for overseas service.  Mr. Snelgrove has had training  in the Canadian militia, having  been an N. C. O. in the 57th regiment, Peterborough, dnt, in  which he served for five years.  Mr. Snelgrove's services will  be greatly missed by the Western Call and the Terminal City  Press, of. which he has been manager for the past year, and he  has our very best wishes and  congratulations on the noble  cause for which he has enlisted.  Tbe ONLY Pancake  Flow MADE in VWg  COUVOtX  ASK YOU* GJIOCEH  ..���������1XX^S^&������������  ^/^^'-/)^8^/^^\  phone Mvmom *m  ^v^^^;  The Chinese provinces of  Kwantung, Kwang-Si, and Honan  are on the verge of a revolution,  prepared by those who are opposed to the establishment of a  monarchy. It is stated that many  arms have recently been smuggled into Canton.  The sacrifice demanded today  is identical with that required  by the Mosaic law, as set out in  the Book of Deuteronomy: "Thou  shalt take the firstling males of  thy flock, without blemish, and  Sanctify them to the Lord."  Whilst Money  in the pocket burns, Money on  Deposit here Earns.  4 Per Cent. Interest  Credited  Monthly  Is This Not Convincing?*  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby  Ottawa Canada  PRINGLE   ft   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. O. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa. ���������ft-,'?"    '  *;XX'*��������� -  1^      '    ,4  W"-  I   %'"<4/  *rtr  i;s  it  i  i  I  p.  M  p.'--'  tv  f$:v  fex  1*5-  PK  I  Friday, November 19,1915.  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, November 20  The highest happiness is the feeling of well-being  which comes to one who is actively employed doing  what he was made to do, carrying out the great life-  purpose patterned  in his  individual bent.  ���������Orison  Marsden.  Breakfast���������Stewed Apricots. Creamed Smoked Beef. Rye Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Noodle Soup. Boiled Ham, Cider  Jelly. Baked Potatoes. Succotash. String Beans.  Prune Pudding.   Coffee.  Supper���������Fish Souffle. Dressed Lettuce. Dry  Toast. Baked Apples. Tea.  Cider Jelly  Soften the contents of a box of gelatine in  one cupful of cold water, add one quart of boiling water and two cupfuls of sugar and stir  until dissolved, then add one pint of sweet cider,  the juice of three lemons and the grated rind of  one. Strain into moulds which have been wet  with cold water and let stand on ice until firm.  Sunday, November 21  '"Some   lives there   are,   to angels'   lives   akin,  Dwelling on earth, yet keeping ever near  The golden city gates; so they may hear  The  harmony before  they   enter in."  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream.  Eggs a la Maite d'Hotel. Coffee Bread. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Celery. Olives. Steamed  Fowl. Bread Sauce. Rived Potatoes. Mashed Turnips. Tomato Jelly Salad. 'Caramel Ice Cream.  Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Cold Ham. Stuffed Potatoes. Graham  Rolls. Quince Preserves. Spice Cakes. Tea.  Bread Sance  Press three cloves into half a peeled onion  and put in a double boiler with one pint of milk,  a sprig of parsley, a blade of mace, one-half  teaspoonful of salt, one-quarter of a teaspoonful of pepper and a dash of cayenne. Let cook -  half an hour, strain, add,a half cupful of fine  bread crumbs and two tablespoonfuls of butter  and cook half an hour longer before serving.  Monday, Novemberc22  ���������  Sing of its beauty and its worth,  'Its bright and sunny skies,  Sing all the loveliness of- earth  As seen by happy eyes.     ' X  ''"' ���������Bipley D. Saunders, -  1'- Breakfast���������Bananas. Cereal with Cream. Ham  Omelet. Toasted Rolls., Coffee. .  **    Pinner���������Chicken Soup.. Boiled Forequarter of  - 'Lamb, Caper Sauce. Duchess Potatoes. Carrots  ^with Peas. Blanc Mange. Coffee.  Supper���������Minced Chicken with Potatoes. Cel-  9jy. Baking Powder Biscuits. Cream Puffs. Tea.  Minced Chicken with Potatoes  ; j ' Heat two tablespoonfuls of olive oil in a frying pan, and two raw potatoes peeled and cut s  iutdv dice and stir, and cook five minutes, then  add pna cupful of boiling water, one cupful of  minced cooked chicken, one teaspoonful of scraped onion, one-quarter of a teaspoonful of paprika and pepper and salt to taste. Cover and  cook slowly until the potatoes are done, stirring  frequently.  ato gradually, cook and stir until thickened, add  one quart of scalded milk and serve with croutons. A spoonful of whipped. cream may be  added to each portion when serving if desired.  Wednesday, November 24  The great secret of success in life is for a man to  be ready when his opportunity comes.  ���������Disraeli.  Breakfast���������Oranges. Cereal with Cream. Frizzled Dried Beef. Rice Griddle Cakes with Honey.  Coffee.  Dinner���������-Vegetable Soup.. Beef an4 Potato  Pie. Fried Parsnips., Lettuce and Beet Salad.  Cottage Pudding with Foamy Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Tunny Fish Cutlets. Mixed Pickles.  Corn Bread. Baked Apples. Drop Cookies. Tea.  Tunny Fish Cutlets  Mix one and one-half cupfuls of finely flaked tunny fish with an equal quantity of hot  mashed potatoes. Season with pepper, salt and  a dash of cayenne, add one whole egg and one  egg yolk beaten until light, stir well together,  shape into cutlets, dip in beaten egg. roll in fine  dry bread crumbs, fry in deep hot fat and serve  with slices of lemon.  Thursday, November 25  When you have rounded out the arch of your lifetime���������built carefully, stone by stone���������antT when it  stands there for all posterity to see���������if you have' placed  sincerity as its keystone you have secured it , steadfastly for years to come.  ���������John Redhead Ffoofne, Jr.  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Eggs  Vermicelli on Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Mulligatawney Soup. Baked Fillet of  Veal. Browned Potatoes. Peas. Marshmallow  Pudding. Cocoa Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Creamed Potatoes with Walnuts. Hot  Biscuits. Preserved Fruit. Sponge Cake. Tea.  Marshmallow Pudding, Cocoa Sauce  Beat one egg until light, add one cupful of  sugar, a dash of salt and one pint of hot milk  and cook over-boiling water until slightly thick -  ened. Remove from the fire, add two tablespoon:  fuls of granulated gelatine softened in one-quarter of a cupful of cold water and stir until  dissolved. ( Place in a pan of iced water and  when it begins to thicken add one dozen marsh-  mallows' cut in small pieces, one-half cupful of  shredded and blanched almonds, two teaspoonfuls  of vanilla and one-half pint of cream whipped  until stiff. Turn into a. wet mold and let stand  in a cool place until firm.  , Cocoa Sauce���������Mix one cupful of brown sugar  with two tablespoonfuls of. cocoa,' add one teaspoonful of butter and one cupful ,,of milk, cook  until thick and serve with the pudding while"  warm. ���������   ' :  Tuesday, November 23  Within his sober realm of leafless trees  * The russet year inhaled the dreamy air,  % lake some tanned reaper in his hour of ease,   .  When all the fields are lying brown and bare.  ���������Thomas Buchanan Read.  __ Breakfast���������Apple Sauce-Broiled Bacon. Fried  Sweet Potatoes. Dry Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato Bisque. Roast Beef. Brown  Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Brussels Sprouts. Cranberry Tarts. Coffee.  Supper���������Curried Lamb. Boiled Rice. Rye  Dread. Baked Bananas. Tea.  Tomato Bisque  j     Put one pint" of stewed tomatoes in a sauce  pan, add half an onion peeled and sliced, one  .stalk of celery cut in small pieces, a sprig of par-  ��������� 4-sley,  a bit of  bay- leaf,  six peppercorns,  four  ������loves, one teaspoonful of salt and two teaspoon-  fulsVof sugar. Let simmer twenty minutes after  the boiling point is reached, then rub through  a sieve and add phe-third of a teaspoonful of  soda.    Cook three tablespoonfuls of flour in three  tablespoonfuls of butter, stir in the strained tom-  Friday. November 20  Time, when well husbanded, is like a cultivated field  of which a few acres produce more of what is useful to  life than extensive provinces, even of the richest soil,  when overrun with  weeds and brambles.  ���������David Hume.  Breakfast���������Fried Apples. Bacon. Salt Codfish in White Sauce. Popovers. Sauce.  Pinner���������Cream of Corn Soup Baked Stuffed  Fish, Drawn Zutter Sauce. Mashed Potatoes.  Boiled Onions. Lettuce and Beet Salad. Banbury  Tarts. Coffee.  Supper���������Baked Creamed Celery with Eggs.  Toast. Stewed Figs. Lemon Cookies. Tea.   " _ "'  Baked Creamed Celery With Eggs  Wash the celery, cut it in half inch pieces,  cover with boiling water and cook slowly until  tender. Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter, add  three tablespoonfuls of flour mixed with one-half  teaspoonful of salt and one-quarter of a .teaspoonful of pepper, then pour in slowly one and  one-half cupfuls of milk and stir and cook until  smooth and thick. 'Add the celery, of which  there should be two. cupfuls, turn into a buttered shallow dish suitable for the table, break four  or five fresh eggs over the top, sprinkle lightly  with buttered crumbs and bake in a hot oven until the whites begin to set. Do not bake too long  as the heat from the dish will complete the cooking after removal from the oven. Serve with a  garnish of celery leaves.  "J1NOI.B  POT"   COAL  BUILDERS'  SUPPLIES  i/  FUENITUKE  BAGGAGE  and  PIANO  MOVERS  The most heat with least amount of waste.  Lump, $6.50 per ton.   Nut, $5.50 per ton.  In our warehouses on False Creek we carry  a complete stock of COMMON AND FIRE  BRICK, PLASTER, CEMENT, SEWER  and DRAIN PIPE, Etc.  We do all kinds of cartage work, but we specialize on the moving of Furniture, Pianos  and Baggage. We have men who are experts in the handling of all kinds of household effects.  AGREEMENT IS SIGNED  YOUR  PATRONAGE   IN   ALL THESE  LINES  SOLICITED  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  80 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.  PHONES:   SEY.   405,   605,   5408, 5409  Definite information has been  received that the agreement between the Great Northern Railway and the C. N. R. had been  sighed at the head pflfices of the  companies in Toronto and St:  Paul.. The agreement provides for  running rights for the Canadian  Northern over the tracks of the  Great Northern between Port  Mann and Vancouver, as well as  for the use of the Great Northern  terminals here by the C. N. R.  The agreement will provide the  running rights over the Canadian  Northern on behalf of the Great  Northern between. Hope and Port  Kells.  DUNCAN CAMPBELL  GENERAL SUPT.  Advices from Winnipeg state  that Mr. Duncan Campbell, who  during construction has been acting as general manager of the  Mackenzie & Mann line west of  Winnipeg, is coming to' the coast  to assume the post of general superintendent of the Pacific division of the Canadian Northern  Pacific Railway, with headquarters in Vancouver. His jurisdiction will extend over the portion  of the line from Tollerton, 126  miles, west of Edmonton, to Vancouver.  Mr. Campbell has been with  the Canadian Northern for twelve  years and is regarded as one of  the ablest railway men in Western Canada. He is most popular  with employees and officials and  the news of his appointment will  be received with much gratification in C. N. R. circles. Mr.  Campbell visited Vancouver recently while making an inspection of the line through from  Edmonton.  TEDDY ROOSEVELT  MAY GO TO THE FRONT  A Washington report says that  there is a possibility that ex-President. Theodore Roosevelt may  put into practical effect his public and' vigorous espousal of the  cause of the allies by personally  leading the way and himself volunteering for active service with  the Canadian forces. While, of  course, no official statement could,  for international reasons, be made  as to what position Col. Roosevelt would be given were he to'  offer his services, it is certain he  would be given a high command  "Both in public and in private life, Col. Roosevelt has intimated his strong conviction tha  national honor and national safe-  .ty demanded the active participation of the United States in the  war against the German attempt  at world tyranny and his per  sonal desire to get into the fight  himself. It is stated that during  his recent visit to Quebec on a  hunting trip he declared he would  like to be fighting at the front in  the same cause as the Canadians.  If, the United States continues to  remain neutral, it would not be  surprising if Col. Roosevelt put  his convictions into practical effect by going to the front.  CAUSE GREECE AND  ROUMANIA TO JOIN  Exercise, temperance, fresh air,  and needful rest are the best of  all physicians.  A Balkan correspondent, telegraphing from Bucharest, expresses the opinion that if Russia could send into the Serbian  campaign a force of 200,000 men  while the French and British  troops are landing on the Aegean  coast, the hesitation which prevails in certain quarters in Roumania would be dissipated and  both Roumania and Greece would  throw in their lots with the entente allies.  "In this event," says the correspondent. "Roumania could fall  on Bulgaria in the rear with 200,-  000 men and simultaneously attack the German front with 400,-  000 men. Roumania feels safe in  the Carpathian passes, whieh she  regards as impregnable. The  scene of. action in: such a case  would probably be eastern Bulgaria or Thrace, where Field Marshal von Der Gqltz's army is ar-  sembled, but lacks munitions.'';-  The distance of the. entente allies naval base from the scene of  the hostilities in Serbia, and the  necessity for guarding the long  line of .communications in a difficult country and in the face of a  hostile population, are regarded  by the correspondent as.rendering a northward march from Sal-  oniki inadvisable. The concentration of forces farther east is held  by the correspondent to be imposed by. military conditions.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  ���������^���������-^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m*^^*^*jt^*^^^*^m9Mmmm*m^^^*i  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness*  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions/ahd for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office sta-  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS'  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY ' 'f  r '        x~ XX xx:x;sXf^X]  ' \X  W  '..'_   >w-' ''-V:'l  Friday, November 19, J915.  SPORTING COMMENT  > Dunderdale and Poulin are not  lowing any great anxiety to sign  for this season. They no  >ubt have offers from the east  id may consider taking a turn  the eastern league this year.  ��������� ���������   ���������  The Portland players have adapted a young pig as a mascot.  re,hope this is not taken to mean  lat the Rosebuds are "on the  log" this season.  ��������� ���������   ���������  President Patrick has no use  for contract jumpers, so he says  lln this respect those players who  Imay jump from the coast league  Ito the east may have cause to  ���������regret their actions in the years  Ito come. The old longing for the  Iwest will probably return and  [with it the desire for a berth in  the coast league, but there will  | be nothing doing from this end.  ��������� *   ���������  Alf. Smith, the old wing man  of   the   "Silver   Seven" of Ot-  I tawa, is' managing the  Senators  [this year, and promises some surprises   to the   other   teams this  season.      From  the  appearance  and showing of the Senators on  the   coast   last spring,   there   is  i certainly room for improvement.  .The  Ottawas  were not  by  any  means in the same class as the  | Vancouver team of last year, and  lif their sample was the best the  N. H. A. could produce there is  slight hope for the Stanley Cup  changing hands in a hurry.  -   ���������   ���������   ���������  Walter Smaill is looking for a  job with Ottawa. He complains  [he did not get a chance on the  coast as he was kept playing oh  the forward line when he- should  'have been on - the   defence.   No  .^doubt Sinaijlis a_ bejter. defence.  |,;man than a forward, but' there  were better defence men than he  in Victoria, so there was nothing  'else for it than to play him on  the line. Walter has plenty of  -good hockey in him yet, and his  friends out here will hope he will  land a berth in the minor league.  The Winnipeg youths who were  offered contracts have not signified any intention of acceptance.  Swelled heads, perhaps. Well,  cheer up, they will get a fine  chance to rust out in the 'Peg  among the amateurs.  ��������� ���������   ������  The Victoria team is already  in a fair way to being complete.  Lester Patrick has got hold of a  number of youngsters who will  likely make good right from the  start, and with himself, Genge  and Kerr, will make a strong bid  for the honors. Poulin will likely be along' in a few days, and  with him the Aristocrats will be  still further strengthened.  * *   *  Seattle's new ice arena is said  to be catching on in great style.  It was opened last week and a  large number of skaters are interesting themselves in the popular pastime. ' And when the fans  of Seattle see a game of hockey  they will still further enthuse  over ice skating and hockey. It  is sure to pay down there, and  the promoters will make big  money on their investment without a doubt.  *   ���������' '���������  To date the Pacific Coast Hockey League has lost one man in  the hockey war. Frank, Nighbor,  the star wing man of the Vancouvers, has decided to remain in  the east this year, and has been  signed up by Ottawa. It is said  he will be the highest priced man  in the eastern league,  bor's absence from the Vancouver line Will make a big hole to  fill, but Barney Stanley, the Ed-  .njonton boy, is capable of turning the job to the taste of Manager Patrick, and will not go to  .Seattle,-as was previously announced, but will remain with  the champions. Nighbor's home  is in Pembroke, Ont., quite near  to Ottawa, and his choice of re  maining east is a perfectly na  tural one (along with the top  heavy salary) and the promise of  a job in tbe capital.  Vancouver's ice arena opened  Wednesday night with , a large  attendance. The price of admission on band nights is 40 cents,  a reduction from the "practice of  former years. Vancouver fans  will get their once-over on the  hockey players in th*e course of a  few days.  .���������   ���������   ���������  Seattle has a complete team already. The five eastern stars are  on their way west, and ��������� with  Holmes, Carpenter, Foystjon, Wilson, Walker, Bobby Rowe, and  Haas, the ��������� Metropolitans are already contenders for the highest honors of the league. Another player or two will be lined  up shortly for the rounding out  of. the team.  ������   ���������   ���������  President Patrick is still after  Laviolette and Pitre, of the Canadians. A report from the east is  to the effect that Pitre has sign  ed up, but he may still be on the  fence, and if so, the coast has  a good chance of seeing him out  here again. Laviolette' has never  been out this way and a change  of environment would do him  good. Besides these two there are  still several others in the east  who the locals are after. Tommy.  Smith, of Quebec, would fill in  nicely on one of. the teams, and  it is understood has been tendered a contract to play out here.  WAR   SIGNALS  HANBIWVS  For  UJMPER-SASH-POORS  WOOD& COAJJ.  ���������Pbone: Sayview JQ75  Phones: North Van. 323 anct 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, ITP.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. 0.  When we read what the airmen  write about their experiences during the present war, we learn  that the chief purpose of most of  their flights is not to drop bombs  Nigh- on *he enemy, but rather to locate  the enemy's artillery and to aid  their own artillery in directing  their fire. The airman is often  sent up at the order of the commander of a battery, to ascertain  whether the guns are overshooting the mark, do not reach, or  are too far-to right or left. It is  imperative that he be able to communicate his information almost  instantaneously, and some very  ingenious methods of transmitting it to the earth have been devised.  - Telephone systems are good  for anchored baloons, but are out  of the question for aeroplanes or  zeppelins. Wireless telegraphy  has so many difficulties and dangers as to prove quite impractical. '  The French are using a very  ingenious method of signalling  by means of. soot clouds. An apparatus filled with lampblack  rests near the hand of the airman, and when he presses a lever  some of this soot passes down a  pipe and is> discharged into the  air in a black cloud. The pipe is  so delicately arranged that the  clouds may be small or .large.  The * operator can spell out the  Morse telegraphic code in the lit  tie clouds, and they can be read  from earth.  "���������A   Germans Use Mirrors  The Germans have adopted  what they consider a far more  practical mode of communication  Prof. Donath has invented a system of signal mirrors, lighted by I  a very strong lamp, which permits the airman to send his messages and also to receive instructions ,in ��������� the day time as well as  at night. The apparatus is so regulated that the operator may  send a long or short flash, thus  utilizing the Morse code or any  other code which may have been  agreed upon.  The light in the little lump of  this apparatus has a flash of 10,-  000 candle-power, and while it  can be used for only forty or  fifty hours without renewing the  burner, this is enough for all  practical purposes. The power for  the light comes from a special  .seven-celled battery, weighing  only eight pounds,' including the  metallic covering.  When a message is to be sent  the operator directs a telescope  over the reflector tb the desired  point. Then he presses on a but  ton, the lamp light, flashing ling  or short, according to the pressure.  In All Weathers  The  officers  on  the earth  re  ceive  the message, and may return a reply in the same way,  being provided with similar mirrors and lamps.  - By this method messages can  be flashed not only at night and  in foggy weather, but also in the  daytime, in clear weather. The  temperature of the filament in  the lamp is so high that it sends  out a ray of light-almost as bright  sunlight, and this is why the  flashes are visible even in the  day time. The signals can be read  with the naked eye for a distance  of f.our miles or more in the daytime, and at night for a distance  of eight miles and upwards. With  a field glass the signals may be  distinguished for a far greater  distance.  j  When it is necessary to send a  written communication, such as a  plan of a fortification, as seen  from the aeroplane; the primitive  to a not unsuccessful result, ensuring to the local governors a  goodly flow of cash and to' the  colors "sturdy country youths who  could not afford to pay so high  a price.  The third elass who resisted the  British occupation are the warlike Arab tribesmen of the country. This year two important actions have been fought on the  supposed site of the Garden of  Eden. Nothing will shake the conviction that in Kurna, at the junction of the Tigris and the Euphrates, Mesopotamia possesses  the original Garden of Eden,  though units of the garrison who  occupied its defences during the  torrid months of May and June  express doubts on its autheiti-  city.  The first of these actions was a  land fight, such an one as takes  place daily in Flanders. The second, over identically the same  ground, after the floods had ris  en, a naval action in which ships  of the Royal Navy were able to  participate.  Mesopotamia boasts a record  variation of. temperature during  the year. Bitter cold and damp  in winter and intense and malarious heat in summer have added enormously to the difficulties  of the operations.  Trade in this country of infinite possibilities has faltered for  many years under the oppressive  rule of the Turk. Revenue to the  government was often assessed at  half the produce of the land, and  the only saving clause was that  some of the more powerful land  owners were accustomed to refuse  to pay revenue at all. Still, the  Turkish government had their  own methods of jogging the memories of the recalcitrant, and  there  are few Shiekhs or large  Which Do Ton Prefer?  Pawing along the street we observed a man on the' road twist- .*  ing a piece of wire. In reply to.  the query, "What are you do-"  ingf" he said: "I am breaking  up this hay wire. It might cir- ,  cle $ fellow's fetlock and do dam-'  age." The same man has been  seen removing cobble stones and  roots from the road as he walk-,  ed along. There are other men  who step over stones and roots��������� *  we might say, tumble over these  obstructions, and never dream ot,  throwing them out of the way.,  We   have been   reminded, of--a  stage driver who would jolt his  wagon over a log on an otherwise,  smooth road all summer, being  too lazy to get off the wagon  to remove it. If. you watch the  lives of these two classes of men  yon will find that one class is'  always trying to help, while,the  other class is always waiting to  be helped. To which class do yon  belongf  *���������'��������� ".-\,  >   l������_,  rJt  'X.  SYNOPSIS   OF   GOAL   MUmffl.  REGULATIONS  xXi  - v-Xi  - * .H H  X,'3  uuiu  bus acivjfiaw},   uiv {/iuiuutq ���������  inethod of dropping the sheet 0f landowners who have not served  Coal mining rights of the Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and  Alberta,- .he Yukon Territory, "tbe  North-west * Territories and in a por-,  tion of the province of British yol-  umbia, may be leased for a term, of  twenty-one years at" an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,860  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application   for ������a   lease   must  be .  made by the applicant in person to>  the Agent or .Sub-Agent of the di������-,  trict in .which the rights applied for  are situated.  , In surveyed territory the land muat  be   described   by   sections,   or   legal >  subdivisions > of sections, and in aft-  surveyed  territory the tract applied,  for shall be staked out by ike applicant himself.  iftfji  '*    f  is  paper tied to a stone has long  been abandoned. The airman is  provided with a special bomb in  -tyhich the letter or plan is placed.  ' He then drops the bomb which  is so weighted that it falls sharp  end first. As the end strikes tbe  ground a trigger is released which  sets fire to a torch on top, and  thus the location of the bomb is  indicated by day or night.  WAR GOES ON  IN GARDEN OF EDSN  HAVING A REST BY THE ROADSIDE  ' Whatever the feelings of the  troops about the approaching  winter may be, those who have  spent the last six months iri Mesopotamia and the Persian Gulf  cannot but feel that the end of  the long and trying heat will  spell a new lease of. life to them.  The climate, one of the worse in  the world, has taken a heavy toll  of British and Indian troops  alike, and it speaks well for the  spirit of the troops and the enterprise of their leaders that the  operations have been consistently  successful since the expeditionary force landed in November, last  The fruits of nine months' campaign include the defeat of the  enemy on three lines���������the Tigris,  the Euphrates and on the Ah  waz line���������and the occupation of  an enormous area of valuable  country.  The troops who have opposed the British advance are in the  main Turkish regulars, and in  these are included several of the  Constantinople regiments who  were dispatched to the southern  campaign before Constantinople,  was threatened bv the allies. The  Turkish regulars were loyally and  ably assisted by Arab and Kurd  levies, for Turkey, even in her  most distant provinces, enforced  universal military service. As  might be expected among an  Eastern nation, this law was  openly manipulated to the advantage of local governors. The  fee for avoiding military service  was as high as $30 Turkish, just  before the British occupation, levied indiscriminately on Mohammedans, Jews, Christians and Chaldeans. In practice this system led  '4  xc,  X>;!  -i,������������'"  terms of imprisonment in Constantinople,, varying   in   length I  from two to twenty years, forar  rears of revenue, often contracted by their .predecessors  The production of grain, where  every essential for its" success  ful production exists, was dis  couraged by strangling taxation,  and the frequent action of the  Turkish government in placing an  embargo on export did not tend  to encourage trade in grain or in  any other commodity.  The export of dates to Europe  and America is the chief source  of wealth on the lower stretches  of the river. Profits are large,  and as the dates need little care  or cultivation, and a sufficient  livelihood is easily come by, a  more than- ordinary dislike - of  work characterizes the inhabitants of tbis part of the country  and an independence which is  rarely to be met with in other  highly populated countries of the  east.  During the first half of the  year excessive floods inundated  all the country in which operations were taking place. An amphibious sort of warfare was 4he  result where soldiers of the British and Indian armies and sailors of the Royal Navy met one  another half way.  Each application must be aeeompaai- -  ed by a fee of #5 which will be *���������:,���������  funded if the rights >pflied for * no  not  available, but not otherwise.  A,.  royalty shall be paid; on the'mer*  ehantable output of ithe mine at the  fate of five cents per ton.     /,'���������   - X  The person operating the mine dutf)  furnish the Agent with sworn r*ttros  accounting for the full quantity, of  merchantable coal mined snd pay tit*  royalty thereon. If 'the coal mininf  rights are riot being operated, suefe ire-  turns should be furnished at lesst  once a year.  The lease will include tbts.ccal mining rights oaly, but tbe lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should ������toe made to tbe Secretary, Ot-  tbe Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to 'any Agent or 8ub-Agent  of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  ������Xpi  <VX|  "��������� X  t fi"A  &AND ACT  Vancouver land District, District of  Coast, flange I.  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes I*.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west, thenee  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Reserve, thenee north 80 chains  to point of commencement.       :  Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES  L.  CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL ^^*^mmmmmmmmmmmm9*9M  8  THE  WESTERN   CALL  * *  I  Mr. R. 0. Boult leaves this  week-end for Sechelt, where he  will remain for some time. He  will have charge of the general  store at that place^ for the winter  months.  A memorial service in memory  of. Nurse Edith Cavell will take  place on Sunday evening in  Christ church under the auspices  of the Prisoners of "War Committee. Rev. C. F. McGaffin will be  the preacher.  Mt. Pleasant Y. P. S. C. E.  ' The Y.P.S.C.E. of Mt. Pleasant  Presbyterian church held their regular meeting Monday evening  last with a very good attendance.  The topic "The Battle With the  Bar-room in Canada," was taken  by Mr. Callander, who gave a  very interesting and inspiring address. Instead of the social already announced for next week,  the regular meeting will be held.  George H. Cottrell, ex-alderman for Ward 6, has announced  that he will contest that - seat at  the coming elcetions.."X  "Western  on Com-  The 121st regiment,  Irish" now quartered  mercial Drive, will winter in New  Westminster in the fair buildings  at that place.  CHURCH SERVICES  HUNTER���������LORD  An interesting ceremony was  performed at St. Andrew's Pres-  'byterian church on Wednesday  morning at 9.30, when Miss Grace  Edna Lord became the wife of  Mr. A. L. P. Hunter, of the law  firm of Maitland, Hunter and  Maitland.' Miss Lord is exceedingly well and favorably known  in Mount Pleasant, and has the  warpiest congratulations from a  host of friends: Mr. and Mrs.  Hunter left immediately for a  trip to the south.  Salvation Array Citadel, cor.  Quebec and 7th ave. Special services will be conducted by Adjt.  and Mrs. Gosling, assisted by Lt.  Lissamore, of Camrose, Alta., who  is on furlough in the city. Mt.  Pleasant S. A. Silver Band in  attendance.  - Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ���������  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, the pastor,  will preach. Morning subject:  "The Broken Things 'of. Life";  evening subject, "The Man Who  Wants Something for Nothing."  In the afternoon at 2.30 the Comet Club for young men will meet,  in .the auditorium of the church.  This is thev first autumn meeting      The Dominion House is due to  and the pastor will address the assemble at Ottawa on January  young    men    on    the    subject 13th  "Young   Canadians   and   Their  Friday, November 19,1915.  MAJOR R.  Q.  MAXWELL  Adjt.   llth   Regt.   Irish   Fusiliers  Canada  of  New Heritage." Allyoung men  and middle-aged me ninvited.  Mr. Pleasant Methodist���������Rev.  Dr. Sipprell, pastor. Rev. Dr.  Whittington will preach in the  morning and Dr. Sipprell in the  evening, The - evening subject  will be "Do We Take Jesus seriously?"  St. Paul's Presbyterian ��������� Rev.  R. ,-G. MacBeth will preach morning and evening.   ���������  U8TAJJUSHED 1886  Ceperley, Howwefell & Co. Limited  .;.: INVESTMENTS ^ INSURANCE  '  , X, Ooyernminfc Municipal and'Corporation Bonds (Canadian).  .   . yielding from- 5 per cent, to  7 per cent. ,  .Rents and Mortgage Interests collected.  '^Investments made,on.First Mortgage and Estates managed under porsonal supervision.  Insurance���������Pire,Idfef Accident,' Marine, Automobile, Bm-  .   -fJloyers'  Liability. . '  IMfeVa^**** W SMHDgi St We*  T  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  umv^p s   Public Work* Contractors  Bead Office, 810-15 Bower BwWfog  Seymour 1836  VAJrtWJVJSR CANADA  Rev. C. W. Gordon (Ralph Connor) has been promoted to - the  rank of major and appointed  senior chaplain of ���������' the Canadian  forces in England.  the  Burglars took a whirl at  big safe in Turner's Dairy, cor  17th and Ontario the other morning. They got away with about  $20 in small change, but missed  a large sum by their inability.;to  pour the "soup" correctly. One  of the drivers is reported to ha^e  approached about the time, which  seems to have thrown a scare  into the thieves.  HONOR ROU. SERVICE  Dominion Goal Co.  SOUTH WBLXJNGTON COAI.  DOMINION WOOD YARD  All Kinds of Wpod Phone: Fair. 1564  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving;  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A."F. McTavish, Prop.  At Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian  church on Sunday evening a roll  of honor of over seventy names  was unveiled.   The   names'were  those of the boys who have gone  out from this congregation to do  service overseas.   Rev. A. J3. Mitchell delivered an inspiring address on the subject "The Need  of the Heroic in the Women Who  Suffer and the Men Who Fight.  Misses Kitty Thopmson and Hazel Cameron," eacb_6f ~ whom have"  three brbthers at the front, unveiled the tablet.     Special mu-  sic was rendered by the choir, and  the church was filled to the doors.  At the conclusion of the service  the National Anthem was sung.  IS THE PRUSSIAN  PAST HIS BEST?  .Close readers of the war news  will efoubtless have observed that  the armies of the Kaiser are not  winning much glory for their emperor-murderer jiist now. The  cable brings many lines of news  which/are not cheering by any  means, but what the Prussian  soldiers are doing (not including their murders of Red Cross  nurses and mutilation of Serbian  babies) need cause little anxiety.  On the far eastern front the Russians are more than holding their  own. They have been steadily  gaining on a large portion of the  long battle line ever since General Von Hindenburg's big drive of  a couple of months ago, and it  will be surprising indeed, if, during the winter months, the Germans dqjnot���������suffer even more  than reverses. Oh the western  front, where, time and again, the  announcement was made that the  Kaiser had ordered that the eoast  must be reached, and where gigantic drives were attempted the  "offensive" of the German armies is now a joke. Even though  the French and British victories  ' * *  have not been followed up as vig^  orously as the great events of  three weeks ago led the people  to hope for, the Germans seemed quite incapable of any defensive. But a few days ago .a  great drive on Constantinople was  announced. The German part of  it has been an utter failure up  to date. Had it not been for the  perfectly fresh troops of the Bul-  gar the Kaiser's armies would  have suffered disaster, if, indeed,  they have not done so already, at  the hands of. the gallaht Serbians.  On the Galician war front the  combined forces of the Germans  and Austro-Hungarians are proving quite ineffective against the  constantly advancing Russians.  Fifteen  months  ago  the  Kaiser and his war lords firmly believed that the Germanic armies  were capable of overcoming any  resistance that might be offered,  and   sweeping   over   Europe   at  will. Today, if it were not for the  fresh Allies that the Teutons have  brought into, the arena tney would  be incapable of effectual offensive  on any front. What, then, is the  matter with the German soldiers  ���������especially the , Prussians ? Does  it not stand to reason that he is  war weary, the result of the overwork of fifteen months ? Surely, or  else he was not as" good a fighter  as the Britisher or the Frenchman  in the first place, in spite of all  the boasting about his warlike instincts, his great fighting ability;  his wonderful   preparedness   and  his unquestionable spirit. As far  as the results are disclosed by the  official reports, including the German, the Pruss'ian soldier is not  the equal today of the'Turk, the  Bulgar, or even the Austrian. Is  he   done,   or is he sparring  for  wind?   Not likely the latter.    Is  it not more than likely that the  desperate efforts of. Germany   to  get the Balkan armies lined up on  her side are due to the fact that  she knows the best fighting days  pf, her own men are past ? Was  not  that   what'Lord   Kitchener  meant when he said the Germans  had shot their bolt. Let us hope  that it is so. On -the other hand  the Allies have millions of fresh  men  yet  available. Canada has  not raised half the number she  could���������and    will���������if    necessary.  En^lah(| is not near conscription  yet, . and   there's   a   Roumanian  army   of 600,000 men in the finest of trim, besides which France  and Italy have large reserves. In  the face of some things that are  discouraging it is just as well to  make a survey like this. The British, the Russians and the French  have "spared their men:        The  Germans have not tried to save  theirs. It is worth something .to  know that our men���������are better  than our enemies; that they are  now better equipped,  and   that  they are men who have volunteered to defend their nation's honor  and fight on the side of righteousness against a would-be world oppressor.   Such   men   cannot   be  beaten.  ARE YOU MOVING INTO A FLAT  If  so   numerous   household   articles   will   not   be required.   Don't store the  valuable articles any old place* but obtain storage in our new " Security Pii  proof Warehouse," absolutely the finest in Canada.    Rates no higher than y,,  would pay elsewhere without the same high-grade service and protection    V.'  "Car Van?"   P^1^'. shiPPinS at ���������* freight" rates, and removals in mode  "WE KNOW HOW"  (ampbeIlStdrace (bMPANY  Oldest and largest in Western"������anada   (    ,  Orncc 657 Beatty_4$treet(  ThONE Seymour 7360  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  6. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  -  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing .Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St.  Vancouver, B.C.  VERNON FEED CO.  255   BROADWAY EAST  Best  Store for  POULTRY  Supplies .  Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed  Branches at 49th and Fraser; 270 Joyce, Ed., Collingwood  Plhones1:   Fair.   186-878   and. Fraser    175  We carry everything you need for successful Poultry Raising.  Our Standard is "Quality, Service and Low Prices."  PHONES: Fair. 186-878 & Fraser 175  eckieShoes  Made  /^____mfc|__w  KNEST SHOE LEATHER FROM  WORLD'S BEST MARKETS.  That is the iind, and the only kind of shoe leather  that goes in each and^every pair of LECKIE'6 BOOTS  AND SHOES.   EXPERT workmen, trained for their iobs,  watch JACKIE'S BOOTS AN SHOES  in every process of making. Every pair is INSPECTED  before leaving the factory. That is the reason the  LECKIE BOOTS you buy at your store wear so well���������give  such  splendid service.  I  A CANADIAN RECRUITING  SONG  you,  Boys, your country needs  Answer to the call;  Come and do your duty-���������  Don't let the old flag* fall.  Britain's cause  demands  it���������  Do not say her nay;  Her cause is right, right is might  Then fill the ranks to-day.  Men of grit and courage  Are sorely needed now  To crush this Dragging tyrant,  And check the ruthless foe,  Those Huns must have a lesson���������  "Which they will not forget ,��������� - .  The heart of stricken Belgium  Cries out for vengeance yet.  Then, hurry up, Canadians,  Join those gone out before���������  They have done some good work,  You can do some niore.  Your King and Country need you.  Come rally to the call,  And join the ranks like, heroes���������  Don't let the old flag fall.  CA^yA.^. m^EljAS  To be Officer Commanding the 121st  Battallion Western Irish  THE WESTERN IRISH  Recruiting for the llth Regt.  Irish Fusiliers Overseas Battalion, the 121st Western Irish, is  s?oing on quite briskly, and it  will not take long at the present  irate to bring it up to full stren  "rate to bring if up to full  strength. To give an idea Of what  tbe J 1th has already done to supply men for overseas battalions  at the front we give the following:     _.   7th Batt. Overseas C.E.F. ..333  29th .....2(H  47th  ..........609  62nd 120  67th 99  72nd        6  1st Pioneer Corps       6  llth C. M. R.;     1  54th      1  Definite arrangements have not  heen made in regard to quarters  tor the battalion. It was at first  thought that they would move to  Queen's Park, New Westminster,  recently vacated by the 47th Battalion, but this is doubtful since  the 104th regiment, New Westminster, has been authorized to  r������ernit an active service unit.  It is possible that one or other  or both of the battalions may be  billeted during the winter. In the  east, where little outdoor training  can be done because of the cold  and snq-wy members of several  battalions are being billeted at  their own; homes ar at other  places. This means that they sleep  and eat at their homes or the  place where they are billeted ahd  report; for duty at battalion headquarters early each day. Extra billeting-allowance is given  the; men. Thus, when a detachment of McGill college men was  being; recruited in Vancouver for  the University Company the privates were paid I'l .85 a day instead of the usual allowance of  ���������$3.1Q.: They lived at home and  the military- officials paid them  in money what it would have cost  to keep them in camp.  1

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            data-media="{[{embed.selectedMedia}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xwestcall.1-0188657/manifest

Comment

Related Items