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The Western Call Oct 29, 1915

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Array 'X*.  -x''^B   S"^-  *X*    M  'X   ���������   *,  *X t X ~ X vXXXfPV'XXvt?'.* hI  > ''    j V       v   *   .      *^     *:  vX4" ������������������"       "~,  '/   "xt <"/$���������< ���������Tfti  ������OA>  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People /1  s=  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1915  .  ,        -  ',,        ...   > j- ' *  4     f.p  *  -  -    <  4 V- v C--*.T   1  - -..=-'-.    X     .       ������ '.!    1  -'-* 'V, X  ���������MM  ���������* T. J. KnriiMr>       V  '    J M.McImyri.  ���������Funsjni Xhnctps? .*  IJ-lMfDeylU.  ���������nd  At yonr service day and.'  liode^pto ehatgaa.   ',  sos .Btwdwar .wen"  Pkoae: Pate 1SS8  ���������*  &-' ���������/���������'  ���������l x,   ^    .  >v  THE MAGNITUDE  OF BRITAIN'S TASK  SURELY THE CARPING?' CRITICS who  think this is a good time to embarrass, 'Sir Edward Grey and Lord Kitchener with flouts and  jibes and sneers do not realize the magnitude  of the task ��������� Great Britain" has set herself to  perform, and is performing so well. Naturally we expect nothing better from Britain's  foes; the ignorant savages, who in their ^blindness, bow down to the Kaiser. Britain's faith-  |, ful Allies have'been unsparing in their tributes  of admiration of her faithfulness to them and  her splendid achievements up to the present time.  The Yellow Press, the disappointed contract-  hunters; the cads with unsatisfied ambitions;  and the political sore-heads, who see in Britain's  extremity a possible opportunity to advance  their silly or petty fads and, at all events, to  keep themselves before the public enjoy an unsparing business. Look at the length of Britain's far-flung battle line. The critics only see  the comparatively short, but desperately contested front held by the British troops in Belgium  and France. More sane observers-see Britain  engaged upon a battle front extending, all round  the world. The ' British navy has prevented  France from being blockaded and saved both  England and France, from invasion by sea. Today it .is still protecting the-British and French  shores, blockading the North Sea coasts of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. It has reduced the  submarine warfare of the war zone to,-insignificance ; it is effectively guarding the Suez Canal  and Egypt against a very real danger; it is as- -  8aulting the forts pf the Dardanelles, holding  the treacherous King of Greece in check; keeping the second biggest navy in the world in innocuous desitude;at has swfep^tihe high seas of  German shipping and paralyzed' German commerce. All the German colonies but one have  fallen to British arms and that one is falling.,  Tne. British army is fighting noVonly with beasts,  ito Belgium and, Northern -Fr&tocjB, but with  Turks in Gallipoli, the Euphrates valley, on the ,  Tureo-Egyptian border, and ftrthe country back  of Aden. It is landing .troop*-|n Greece to go  to the aid of Servia. Soon"the British troops will,  have to go to the rescue' bf the American missionaries and their converts in Armenia. Ordinarily this is a task that would be undertaken by the  United States, bijt as matters now are this  might be embarassing to the Teutonic^ friends  of Mr. W. J. Bryan and Mf. Henry Fordf,and so  tend to "prolong the war:"^ Anyway, up to the  present time only about half a million Armenian  men have been murdered and a few hundred  thousand Armenian women ravished and converted to Mohammedanism by the Turkish allies "of  their _Mosf Christian .Majesties of .Austria and  Germany,-with the tacit consent of those august  monarchs. Even a protest from Washington  might save a few of the American proteges in  Armenia; but nobody knows how Herr Ballin,  Count Bernstoff and others of the same kind  would take it. They might be quite annoyed,  or, on the other hand", they might be provoked to  derisive laughter.  The task at Gallipoli is not nearly so simple'  as it looks. The peninsula is long and narrow;  so narrow that a comparatively small force can  nold it a long time against a much bigger one.  It is a question of time and exhaustion of men  ���������and resources. The treachery of King Ferdinand has done much to postpone the capture of.  'Constantinople and so to prolong the war. But  the capture is only postponed.  General Greene, of > the U.S.A., in a lecture  ."before"ithe. New York State Historical Associa-.  -tion thfe other day estimated the war strength  of the allies at 7,940,000 and that of the enemy  at 5,260,000.    He places the losses of the Allies  ; at 4,167,000, and of Germany, Austria and Turkey at 3,830,000. V How long can each side keep  it up? The general $ays the total population  upon which the allies can draw is 739,000,000, as  compared with 155,000,000 who owe allegiance  to the Kaiser, Francis Joseph and the Sultan.  The end is not yet, but it is sure in spite of all  that our enemies can do abroad and our traitors can/do at home. Were Ave t olose two men  for one the Teutonic resources would be exhausted while* our armies were still growing  bigger.��������� *   Meawhile   British." diplomacy   has   its  "hands full fro mthe United. States eastward" tp  the Far East, British statesmanship is grappling  ; .with industrial war and financing all civilization  for the war; and the "nation of shopkeepers" is  still getting a fair share of the world's trade.  ARMY MUNITION FRAUDS  THERE ARE ALWAYS souls small enough  to do the contemptible thing. Anything for  gain���������poor goods���������decrepit horses���������fake invoices���������aU the, dodges known to trade are practiced against ������- government. If that government allows these practices to pass unchecked  with the disloyal culprit who perpetrates the  or unpunished, then they are equally guilty  crime. But if a government spares no effort  to expose the canker and to bring to justice  those responsible, then no blame can properly  be attached to them.  Sir Robert Borden has caused to resign two  of his own supporters in the House of Commons for participating in certain deals which  were not in the interest of the country. He,  has caused' a most searching investigation to be  made by a membey* of the judiciary, which has  resulted in 'unveiling many cesspools .of corruption, without consideration of party or friendship. For.this Sir Robert will receive the .commendation of posterity and we believe the recognition and support' of the present generation.  ���������     ^~T7   THE HIGHEST AND BEST  AMUSEMENT is desirable and right, but it  is not the chief aim in life, not the thing to be  desired above all others. Above amusement  stands character, educations usefulness; it is not  necessary to shut out of life a wholesome^ delight in the .various recreations of the day, but  one must make a choice of amusements under  restrictions of the best associations. To escape  the many pitfalls that ensnare ^us we must choose  the highest andbestVof everything; and always  we must ask these questions relative to amusement, and be honest in our answers and act consistently: "Shall I be spending time that ought-  to be spent for studies or for work?]' "Shall I  use money for this that should be spent for something else?" May our young people ,of Youth  and Beauty be of that type of people who make  life sane and sweet and happy. There are men  and women here and yonder, in all walks of life  whose thoughts and deeds have made earth  brighter and better. Every one knows sqmebody  else, who,' in the midst of the whirl of the many  affairs and cares that life bring, lives his or her  "life in a manner which becalms all who are near,  and we are thankful for the wealth of their  gpldeh years. ' ���������  "      The' duration of the war will depend on the  ^resources of the invisible army of finance..  CONTENTMENT  ������    IF EVER THERE WAS A TIME in the history of nations when individuals should learn  to be content,-it is now. - Amid the tremendous  . world strife and national upheaval, man should  ever strive to learn the great lesson of being  content. There is so much in our lives that has  a tendency to cause bitterness, dissatisfaction  and unrest that in many cases the essence of  our national character is being destroyed through  our human desires.  There is a story among the Arabs of a poor  man living in one of their villages, who had long  prayed for prosperity, but was still able to earn  only a. small pittance of a few pennies a day. One  morning when he prayed, he asked for contentment, leaving outthe request for prosperity. That  prayer was answered, and when he came home  with his usual pennies, he was contented and  thankful. That night an angel entered his,, room  after he went to sleep; took the pennies out of  the box and put in a piece of gold for each instead. This continued for some timer-the man  .becoming,more-and more contented and*happy.  That story tells the secret of prosperity. A. million dollars "with discontent might pas well be a  few !rpenhies^ while, a ��������� few pennies 'with' content-'  ment and happiness will never find it there, nor  can all that the wjprld may give, however prodigally, bring happiness. Worldly possessions may  add bodily comfort to satisfaction of soul, but  they can .not add satisfaction of soul to any  possession whatever. If the soul has become im- .  poverished in all its spiritual activities, unhappi-  ness is inevitable, and nothing but a supply of the  soul's spiritual needs canremoVe the unhap-  piness. It may continue to seek for these  joeeds out in the great world of business and  strife, but they can only be found-where God  placed them in the first jslace���������within the soul  itself���������and nothing but contaet with God Himself will uncover a&d bring them out for use.  3F  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. .25.  LOYALTY TO  KITCHENER  TWO WEEKS. AGO we advised our readers  to "trust Kitchener.", To-day we still urge absolute loyalty to our great War Lord. When the  war broke out the nation chose Kitchener to,  direct our war policy. Not one single act of his,  nor any event of the war justifies the malicious  attacks being made against him.  For the past two or three weeks certain papers   and   erstwhile   critics   have   "howled"  against him like packs of hungry jackalls. They  claimed he had, with Grey, made a bungle of  the Bulgarian question, and yet 'we find while  the echo of their "vile howlings still sounds in our  ears, that Bulgaria has lost heavily���������that the Al-  , lies have  gained marked advantage���������that the  , Serbians have checked the Teutonic Drive, thus  /giving the "lie"  to  these  critics,  and not  a  word   of reproach   or   explanation from   Kitchener.  The nobility, the patience, the supreme indifference to his critics, stamps him as a mighty  ' man, and well may. we trust him.  B. C. MANUFACTURERS  THERE ARE two distinct classes' of manufacturers in British Columbia. There are those  who have worked and striven to "build up" a  sound business in fair and open competition, and  Vho are a credit to our community.    Then there  are those who do not know how "to build up a  -business and wish to be "pitchforked" into success by receiving special advantages over their  competitors. Such men are now doing, more  harm to B. C. than the next generation willbe  able to remedy. They complain of unfair treatment in order to covfcr their own 'utter incompetence. They ask for local support at figures 15  to^ 30- per cent, above normal prices. They are',  making Britisn Columbia the laughing stock of  '���������t?jhiada.v  -    - --- '      :4     ' ���������'; X  if  '' What, is Britain doing ?'' The answer is succinctly stated by La Guerre Sociale, of- Paris!  which says: "Britain 'goes to \par. Immediately  the German fleet is forced to confine itself to its  own territorial waters. Germany is blockaded  and cut off from countries which supplied her <  with cotton, metals and munitions of all sorts;  from other countries where, too, are one million  of her reservists, who are unable to rejoin.. Our  army is reinforced by an army which is being  made up, slowly but surely, of all the best fighting material, not only in Britain, but in Canada, South Africa and Australia, and our financial power is being co-qsolidated by its alliance,  with^ the-greatest financial _power ji__the world,  the power which, in the twelve months of war, is  capable of raising, without inconvenience to herself, a loan of ������640,000.000."  TOT FUTTOB OF TOT NATION  When  you  feel  like  telling  your  troubles,  write them on paper and burn it.  "WITH COMMENDABLE promptness after  the prohibition of the use of vodka in Russia  came the virtual prohibition of the use of absinthe in France. The free social use of, alcohol  beverages connotes much besides drunkenness;  oyer ������devotion to sports or gambling, to frivolous  social functions and much else that is worse than  any of these things. Economically Russia will  come out of. the war practically unscathed and  Germany's recovery from her losses may be  alarmingly-rapid if her people continue voluntarily the self-denial now imposed on them by  duress. How shall it be with the whole British  Empire, made up of far flung fragments scattered oyer every part of the ocean 7.  The answer to this question must be as wide- ^  spread,as the Empire. The United Kingdom of  Great Britain and Ireland will have become so-  Ves; so will all the oversea Dominions; so will  the Crown Colonies; so will all the Naval Sta-  tionsr trading posts,; police headquarters; all  the places even the minutest; over whicti the-  British Government rules and the British Mon-  arch reigns and the British flag waves. ��������� The penalty for continued self indldgence will be the  imperilment of British civilization, the forfeiture  of "British economic pre-eminence and the'irreparable loss of British moral and political influence on the direction and rapidity of human,  civilization. As unprecedented as this war will  belts unparalleled results. A new world in the  most significant sense of the term will emerge  with the coming peace and that is near enough  to serve as a motive for honest self-examination  and resolute action."  Happiness is a habi-t���������cultivate it.  GERMANY IS BEATEN  .,  S-'P  y?',  THE NEW YORK- TRIBUNE, which hat  published some tremendously strong editorials ,4  on the progress of the war, and which has been  largely quoted throughout the American contin- -.  ent for its close and careful estimate of the different steps of the war has the following to say  in an editorial this Friday morning: \      ������    , ^  "If there were needed any evidence of the  actual, as contrasted with the apparent condition  of the European struggle, jt could be found with-  out difficulty in the statements of German public men, German newspapers and German people.  After fifteen months of strife, after conquests,  victories, triumphs unequalled since the Napoleonic era, who is it that is talking of peace?  "Take the public statements of German statesmen, take the comments of the press, > is ,there <>  any mistaking the fact that in all, at some point,  ..the word peace crops up? a  "Victorious* peace, or some other* be-adjec-  tived peace it is, to be sure, but peace. Travellers returning from "Germany recently agree that  the only real qualification to German confidence '  is found in the apprehension of a protracted  war. Peace now n^ans victory���������but next year?...  "The 'Tribune' compares the German success-v  es to those of. the Confederate successes in the  Civil War,- and says:      . '  "With proper allowance for the difference, in  size, the essential fact Js the same."^  "Yet, reading history, looking back now, no-,  thing is clearer than that the south was always  doomed, unless, it could get an early decision  on the battlefield. Outnumbered, inferior in population, resources, cut_off. from sea-borne- coib-V;  > merce, the sou^h was condemned todefeat unless'  on the bftttleli'ebi it could win a victory, which  would destroy the armies before it:     ,    ,r ++~ X\;>  1   'Precisely this the south could never dbi, It  could win battles, campaigns, operating as; do  the Germans on interior Ji^es it could concentrate  superior'forces at the important point while iri-^ '  ferior in- numbers as a whole.  "But its victdries fell~ short of the essential  requirement. Steadily the armies of its foe grew -.  stronger, its own numbers were weaker. The  whole world contributed tb the arming and munitioning of Northern armies, as the whole world  now contributes to the allies.  "All this was not perceived at the outset or  until almost the close of the Civil War. Despondency and despair were common at times, when,  as we see it now, victory for the Northern forces was already assured.  " Compare Northern depression after the  bloody and fruitless campaign from the Wilderness to Coal Harbor, with British depression now  and the-thing-is patent.- -Yet, this campaign -  broke the back of the south by the sheer attrition of Lee'8 Army.  * With all the various differences in degree  between Germany and the Confederacy, the main  fact is the same. Germany and her Austrian ally-  are outnumbered; the wealth and resources of  Great Britain, France, Russia and Italy are incomparably greater. Sea power has destroyed  German commerce, sealed up German harbors,  while for the Allies the sea brings, all the resources of America and the colonies to the battle  lines.- X  Germany Bleeding to Death  "The single significant fact of the military  situation now is that Germany is -bleeding to  death. German soldiers on three fronts are killing British, French, Russian and Serbian troops���������  but to match this these are killing Germans. The  terrible drain on German manhood is utterly disproportionate to the drain on any of her oppon- '  ents, although collectively their losses may exceed German losses.       V "X .  "It may take a year,.two years to bleed Gerr  .many, while it took four to 'grind the seed corn' .  of the Confederacy. But the thing every one who  would understand the war must recognize is  that the process is going on steadily, remorselessly and that as it goes on Germany continues  to fail to get the decision.  "To go to, the Balkans Germany has had to  abandon-her Russian drive. Apart from a local  *7 operation at Riga, all effort to crush the military  power has been abandoned and Russia has been  left to recuperate, as France and Britain were  left af ter, the Marne andthe. Yser. In the west,  Germany is hanging in, but no more. In the East,  about Riga, Russia is on the offensive. Yet. Germany has hardly sent more than 250,000 troops  to the Balkans.       ' X  "Viewing the war from this angle then, -it  is clear why German statesmen talk and think  of peace.     There is no  corresponding talk in  (Continued   on  Page   _���������)���������"  !  >  ft/f.  -  J  ���������xv  X4*i"- XX  -  Friday,. October  29, 1915.  :x  - We reproduce for the read*-  ers of the Call'an article with  the above caption, written by  James W. Johnson, of New  York, giving what he thinks are  the reasons for the present war.  Is this -to be the last war?  The question is often asked  and it receives many answers.  Our peace-loving friends would  have us believe that if we  would lay.aside our army and  navy, the other nations, admiring our fine example of reliance  on the principles of righteousness, would .do likewise and so  there could be no future war  because there would be nothing  to fight with. Furthermore, the  doing away with the implements of war would show such  a splendid trust in the amity  and good will of other nations  that a like feeling of peace and  good will to all mankind would  be aroused in them and therefore they would, in consequence,  be ashamed bf* their former  warlike propensities and would,  with glad hearts and loud ac-  elaim, herald the dawn of international good will, the lqng-  /looked-for and earnestly prayed-  for realization of the dream of  all sincere admirers of the  Prince of Peace. What a beautiful faith in- the inherent nobility of' mankind shines forth in  the belief of our pacifist friends!  Then, again, the men of war  X-the    men    of    Belial,    they  might   be termed   by   the pacifisms���������hold just     the     opposite  view and for  just the"  opposite  reason. They, say that since war  has always existed in the world,  due to the quite reasonable am-  ,  bition to, make   one's   own na-  >   tional ideals paramount,  or because of. mankind's natural greed  and the baser motives common'to  all, that therefore' war will al  ' ways continue, at least for many  - generations to come,   until  . the  1 ideals' of the world bave    been  elevated far- above the present  standard.  Still others see in war splendid results. They hold that it  . stimulates, purifies and ennobles  by reason of its terrible sufferings, sacrifices and the giving  up of all for worthy aims. They  would recall the splendid results  of our war for independence and  our more terrible war for the preservation of the integrity of our  nation when the blue and gray  forgot their brotherhood in their  loyalty to their idealism.  Many ' other answers can ��������� be  found to speak the uncertainty  of the world as to whether, or no  this most terrible of all wars our  world has seen is to be the last  great  conflict  of the  nations.  Perhaps if we should consider some of the reasons given  for the present war we might  be better able to give a satisfactory answer.  Among the reasons presented  are: , [  1. German imperialism and  Germany's ambition, Germany's  will to win ber place in the sun  and Germany's ruthlessness in  so doing, as witnessed by the  ruin of Belgium. It is said that  if Germany should achieve her  aims and win the place _ in the  sun she so ardently desires, other nations would soon find themselves eclipsed and moire than  that, finally subject to the wonderful energy and tremendous  force of the Teuton giant. So  demands an * impediment placed  in the way of such a contingency. This opinion of the nations seems justified by the  facts of the war thus far made  evident. Ahd, yet I feel sure we  have not stated the ultimate rea-  son for the war.  2. Again, many find in England's jealousy and alarm' at  Germany's marvellous commercial expansion the real reason for  the war. For many yeara now  England has been mistress of the  sea. Her proud title is justified  by the fact that the sun never  sets'on her wide empire; that the  numerous colonies need the protection of ��������� the mighty fleet, and  more than all that, where English policy is dominant there the  races of mankind are benefitted  by those ideals of justice and  thrift which have been approved  as sound by' the greatest Teacher  the world has ever seen, the Galilean.  It is claimed that Germany's  ideals are in direct conflict with  those of England and that the  world approves our English cous  ins in taking up the gage thrown  down by Germany when she  trampled into dust and blood her  Belgian neighbors, thereby clearly outraging that sense of justice  and mercy common to mankind.  So that here, indeed, is found a  reason adequate for the war.  However this may be, I will beg  to differ from this most reliable  conclusion and state most emphatically that we have not yet  found the reason for the war.  SERVICE ANP  COOPERATION  are the two great forces in modern life.  Our attitude is one of service in tbe spirit of partnership���������mutual  co-operation.  We want to give you one hundred cents' worth of  service for every dollar you spend with us.  We want and need the co-operation of every customer on our books���������large and small.  The mutual advantages to be gained by harmonious  co-operation between our customers and ourselves are  well worth striving for.  HMtlnft* sad OuraU 8ts.  Pbone Sey. 5000  I  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money/1  3. Another theory is the deep-  seated revenge of France. About  forty years ago the heart of  France was sorely wounded by  the loss of her two beautiful  daughters, Alsace and' Lorraine.  Germany was the brutal ravisher.  Like a tiger stung \o madness by  the cruel loss, France has waited  the opportunity to spring at the  throat of her neighbor; and now  at last the time has come and all  her children are heart and soul  fired with a spirit of revenge that  will be satisfied by nothing less  than German life and blood and  the recovery of' beautiful Alsace  and Lorraine. Single-handed, she  could never have succeeded, but  now that her powerful friends,  England and Russia, are found  willing to join hands with her in  curbing once and for all the dangerous tendencies of German  ruthlessness, she believes her  hope may be attained. Once again  it may be frankly replied Ave  have not yet found the reason  for the war.  4. It is a long way from the  sunny fields of France to the cold  and frozen heart of Bussia. But  the stream of madness flows very  swiftly in these days of war, and  the torpid, sluggish, frozen Bus  sian has become aroused at last,  the summons to war has met a  quick and ready response; the  growl .of the bear is heard, his  claws and cruel mouth are stained with the blood of his western' neighbors and his dull heart  is fired with what-he thinks a  noble ambition, to sweep away at  last the barriers which for so  many centuries have, like a wall  of adamant, withstood his progress to the sea. At last an open  port is in sight, and that port  Constantinople. A door of wider  opportunity is opening and soon  Bussia hopes that .her immense  grain fields will prove a veritable  stream of gold in providing food  for many millions'beyond her borders. Surely none can find fault  with so noble an enterprise, none  can .question, the right of Bussia  to improve and develop her  ,her people and incidentally to increase her wealth- Is she, not justified in entering the tremendous  conflict and making the most of  that opportunity now presented  by joining the allies and winning  her way-not to the sun but to  the seal Single-rhanded, she, too,  could not hope to achieve her  aim for many years to came, because time, much time,-is needed  to develop her resources and  teach her millions those lessons of  obedience, sacrifice and manhood  absolutely essential in contending  successfully with such an antagonist as Germany.  Have we not at last the answer, or rather is not the answer  to be found by the combining of  all the facts stated regarding  Germany, England, France and  Russia? Is not the war due .to  the jealousies, fears and false ambitions of all these nations of  Europe ? Once again we must say  no; but we will admit that all  of these are secondary or contributory causes.  Let us try once again. Italy,the  land of poetry and song, the  land of art and sculpture, the  home of the beautiful, the aesthetic, the delicate; Italy, whose  wonderful climate and more wonderful people draw to themselves  all the admirers of the elevated,  the pure, the charming; Italy,  even Italy has at last drawn the  J sword and become partner in this  feast of rage, passion, blood and  devilishness. Moreover, her enemies say that Italy is a traitor, a  turncoat, a coward, waiting until  her allies, Gerinany and Austria,  are surrounded by the foe and  weakened by many a hard-fought  battle, then leaving them in-the  lurch and joining hands with the  Allies because she believes the  Allies will win and that she will  be a sharer in the spoils of war.  My opinion is that such statements are unjust to Italy. Rather  do I believe that Italy, finding  herself allied with nations who  believe that scraps of paper may  be destroyed at- will, that solemn  treaties may be abrogated if national ambitions run counter to  them, has decided to leave such  partners, finding their methods incompatible with her sense of, reason and right, and has chosen  wisely the best time for doing so.  What folly for her in the beginning bf the war to have taken  such a step as she has now taken!  All the world was amazed, stunned at such action on the part of  Germany; The confusion of ideas  arising from such a piece of1 folly,  the uncertainty as to her best future policy quite natural under  the conditions, and the unquestioned ruin she Would bring upon herself if in revenge at her  disloyalty the armies of Austria  "came down like a wolf,on the  fold, their cohorts all gleaming  in purple and gold"; all these  seem to me good and sufficient  reasons for Italy doing as she  has done. If I find that my  partners are rascals, shall I forfeit my self-respect by continuing my partnership with them?  Have we not at last found the  reason, the, true reason fo* the  war in Italy's decision; a decision in harmony with ,the sentiments of the world condemning  the ruthlessness and barbarity of  Germany and Austria ? And once  again shall we say, most emphatically, not  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.'  CAMPBELL  VANCOUVER, B.C.*  .'���������*���������' MAriUFACfU^ERS^OF.  .  .    Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.      -   ''  BUGGIES, WAOONS, Etc.  .*x    '<  . * v  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. CA  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. '  9*n������  BUTTER NOT  BREAD  Ich as  Butter'  Sweet as  ANtit"  5c  FULL  POUND  LOAF.  Telephone  Fairmont  ���������44-  ���������a soft, white, firm-textured bread wrapped in  a waxed sanitary paper coming to you spotlessly CLEAN. A" pure, wholesome, delicious  loaf is N X  Butternut Bread  Phone Fairmont 44 TODAY and have it delivered daily or be sure that you get BUTTERNUT  at your grocer's.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  -Bakers of SHELLY'S 4X BREAD.     Phone  Fairmont 44.  het us not puzzle ourselves any  further, hut ,say that the true  reason for this war and all the  wars the world has eyer seen is  found in the eating of an apple.  Ages and ages ago, when the soul  of man was horn, there began a  conflict in the soul entailing all  the sorrow, all the tears, all the  bloodshed and all,the sin of man.  It will he recalled that the scene  was a beautiful garden filled with  luscious fruits and fragrant flowers. The Owner of the garden, a  man, a woman, and a serpent were  the actors in a tragedyXThe .serpent beguiled the woman and  tempted her to eat an apple; she1  induced her husband to partake.  The Owner of the garden was  angry at the man and the woman  because He had told them not to  eat the fruit of that particular  tree. In His anger He drove them  out of the garden because of  their disobedience. The descendants of the man and woman inherited their tendency to disobey,  and so sin came into the world.  All will admit that if there was  no sin in the world there would  be no sorrow, no tears, no crime,  no war, for all would live at  peace snd every one would think  as carefully of his neighbor's  rights and happiness as of his  own. Now, ,war is like an epileptic fit.    When the fit comes on  the patient falls to the ground,  wallowing and foaming; he is bereft of reasonand is altogether a  most disgusting and fearful object. Thie fit passes, reason returns and the patient becomes  quite normal again. But the di*!  ease is still there and' only time  is needed for the recurrence, of  the terrible symptoms, declaring',  most positively there is no hope  of release for the tortured sufferer untilthe cause of the disease  is removed. All the wars of the  world are but the recurring, .fits  of madness .and insanity'which  will-surely continue to afflict  mankind until the disease of sin  is removed. It there no hope?  There still stands, glorious and  beautiful, that" tree whose leaves  are for the healing of the nations.  The leaves., are a _sure panacea, a  never-failing cure for the terrible  curse. All the world knows of  the cure, ten thousand times ten  thousand souls will swear to its  wondrous power in their own  lives and the glorious peace and  calm content that follows like a  benediction falling on the troubled hearts of those who take the  Master at His word, who heed His  call: "Come unto me and jest,  take my yoke upon, you and learn  of me, for my yoke.is easy and  my burden is light."  Again, war is the rod in the  hand of Almighty God, laid on the  backs of disobedient children who  continually flout Him, break His  laws and follow their own wills.  Some day the world will wake up  to the fact that it is folly to  arouse His anger and to invite  the lightning, of His wrath by  such asininity, when it is very  much more comfortable and pleasant to Jive in-harmony with Him  and to enjoy the favor of His  approval. He showers His richest  .blessings on those who seek -Him  Jap$ who try to order their lives  in/accordance with His commands:"    4  It needs;but brief consideration to show clearly the relationship between sin and war. It  was admitted that the ambitions  of Germany, the revenge of  France and the aims of Bussia  have had much to do with the  war, undoubtedly they are secondary and contributary causes.  It only remains *to ' show.. how  these secondary and contributary  causes ane due to sin. Are they  not plainly- the result of- forgetting or of breaking the law of  God where He says: "Thou shalt  love thy neighbour as thyself.".  How is love for one's neighbor to be reconciled with an ambition so cruel and ruthless .that  the ruin of a nation of seven  millions is but an incident?. If  breaking the law of God is sin,  Burely the nations of the world  have sinned most grievjously.  And yet this is only a part of the  black record. What shall we say  of drunkenness, vice, murder, in-,  difference to the suffering, of  toiling, dying men and women?  The Western Call is read by  10,000 people weekly. An advertisement in it brings results.  READY FOB SERVICE  ___ft ���������������trJ^'    ���������"- * ��������� *~J^- t.-^^T-'T* ** C \  ���������'- -     Xi? ^xXXxx^Fl  Friday, October  29,  1915.  YOUR COUNTRY'S CALL  Recruiting Sermon by Bev. Dr.  Herridge, M.A., of Ottawa, Ex-  Moderator of ������the General Assembly, Sunday June 27, 1915.  s    \      *  "He that hath no^ sword,  let-  him   sell   his" garment and   ouy  one."���������Luke xxii:36.  These words sound "strange  from the lips of Jesus Christ,  and we must be careful not to  misunderstand them. Throughout  His whole* career on earth He had  taught his disciples that their  triumph was,not to be won by  violence, but by character. Cruel  war is incompatible with the  ideals of the Prince of Peace,' and  when His ideals are accepted, and  put into practice, nations will  learn war no more.    *  At the same time, even Christ  shows the fighting spirit sometimes, and will not accept peace  at any price. While He refuses  to embark on mere selfish quarrels, and visits with care the  humblest and most needy souls,  His indignation blazes ' forth  against greed and hypocrisy, and  making a lash' for the backs of  the desecrators of His Temple,  I \ He drives them out. He is angry  at the proper time because He 'is  merciful; because His supreme  passion, at whatever cost, is -to  sweep earth clean of the evils  which defile it. ���������.  The Christian religion is not  an emasculate; sentimental thing  which has lost the capacity for  virile displeasure. Though it destroys mean and petty hatreds, it  creates .nobler ones.' It does hot  Stab in the dark, nor murder the  innocent; but crooked, devilish  ways it will resist even unto  death. A false intolerance is ex-  changed for a true intolerance;  an irreconsilable hostility to every  form of imposture, a vindictive  [' rage against tyrants and oppressors, a stern resolve that; by the  help of God, all that is vile shall  be utterly overthrown.   :  And, therefore, while no true  disciple of Jesus Christ will rush  into war, he may have war thrust  upon him against his will unless  he is prepared to plead for the  withdrawal of .Christian forces  from the' making of human history.       -   - \   '  We have many faults to' confess before God._But the crime of  blood guiltiness does not lie at  our door. Britain sought by every  possible means to prevent strife,  and only drew the sword when  she could not do otherwise. We  have not been -trained to accept  brutal outrage and unprovoked  terrorism with calm indifference.  Some of the seeming successes of  this war bave been really failures  that will ensure an immortality of  shame. Some of the methods it  has sanctioned would be repudiated by the best thought of  paganism as too fiendish for human beings. The spirit in which  our foes have precipitated it, because they believed the time was  ripe, is a spirit which, wherever  it had its way, would dethrone  the Kingdom of God among men,  and set up.in its place the usurpation of foul iniquity. ^  It will be our ,own fault, then,  if we do not make'this a Holy  War that fires us -with nioral enthusiasm as well as undaunted  courage; a war in which we can  humbly, but sincerely, invoke the  help of God; a war in defence of  justice and freedom; a war which  has no meaner purpose than the  establishment of Christian principles among the nations of the  world.  If this gigantic struggle is thus  viewed, in its true light, the pulpit need not apologize for making  some'effort to stir up a, deeper  sense of national duty with .regard to it. For in spite of the  "sorrow that has visited some  homes amongst us, I am not sure  that the people of Canada, as a  whole, are yet awake to the full  significance of the sjfuation, and  too little has been done to bring  it before them in a clear and comprehensive way: Happily we have  been free from the rude alarms  which England has experienced.  They have created no panic there.  But  it  would, at  least,   disturb  Do Yon Want to Rent Your Home?  We are having .numerous inquiries for houses, both furnished and  unfurnished, in all parts of the City.' Expert service offered to  owners. "* Exclusive listings solicited. Consult W. C. Findlay, Manager Rental Dept. "_    " X " ���������  North West tnwt Company, UmitaJ  i;  E. B. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  509 RICHARDS STREET.  ' PHONE. SBY. 7467  W  m  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  HEATING Ecdno^^?,l^icien^���������  Our Business has beet built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. .Sey. 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  our equanimity ���������to have zcppelins  dropping bonibs over parliament  hill.  The critics of the -British navy  should be reminded of the fact  that, but for its existence,, our  home waters long ago, would  have been menaced by hostile  battleships, and bur seaports subjected ��������� to fierce bombardment.  When we ���������think of,{the suffering  of Braver little Belgium, and read  the gruesome taljes of pillage and  rapine, we have reason to thank  God that the> worst horrors of  war have not visited us at all.  Yet this fortunate escape may,  perhaps, make us more slow to  recognize that this is our -war;'  and even though we do not hear  the actual clash of arms, the issue of it must needs be of far  reaching consequence to every  one of us. We have given some  proof of the belief that our- privileges as British subjects cannot  be separated from grave responsibilities, and thousands of Canadians are now across the sea, or  making ready to go. But I fear  that many of our youth have not  yet seriously considered the question whether _ they cannot do  something, directly or indirectly,  to strengthen our national resources in this epoch-making  hour. Why should we not have  at least a quarter of. a million  men in training for such emergencies as the future may unfold, not all of them necessarily  in the firing line, but fitted to  serve in some useful way wherever duty calls themj We should  then have barely done, in proportion, what the motherland has  done already. And in view of the  splendid valour which will make  Ypres, St. Julien and Langemarch  immortal names in our history, 'I  am persuaded that, apart from  the martial1 re-enforcement which  would thus be brought to our  cause, such an awakening of  Canadian manhood, sueh an im  pressive object-lesson in'the unity of the British Empire would  be bound to have its t effect in  shortening the duration of the  war. y     N  If we hope for a peace that  shall endure, and that shall ush-  er in the dawn of. a new and  brighter day, we must not shrink  from the sacrifice which the  stern needs of the time demand  from us. No life," surely, can be  just the same during this war as  it was before it. We are forced  to postpone mere personal concerns in the" face of public duty,  and to lift our eyes to the wider  horizons which now, thunder-  riven,- are presented to our view.  It is sad, no doubt, to see our  sons going across the sea, and to  know that, in all likelihood, some  will not return. But it would  be far sadder to risk the loss, or  even the transient interruption of  the blessings which we have  come to regard as our inalienable birthright; it would be far  sadder if, one by one, the lights  of liberty \^ent out around ( the  world.  No good purpose can be served by depreciating our enemies.  I dare say that many Germans, at  heart, oppose the mailed arrogance which caused this strife,  and sigh for the old days when  "kultur" was culture, and not  its monstrous travesty. But while  we have something better to do  than indulge in wholesale abuse,  or gratuitous suspicions, the fact  remains that, as far as we are  aware, the German nation is practically a unit in striking the  present blow. It had been long  mediated, and for years the most  systematic and skilful preparations have been made for it. We  may "not he in a mood just now  to take lessons from Germany,  but the madness of her colossal  egotism and false ambition has,  at* least, called forth her utmost  energies, has stirred her citizens,  both men - and women, to contribute . something to the common  task, and has inspired a reek-  less disregard of sacrifice. Sure-  OFF TO TRAINING CAMP  ly if what we believe is a bad  cause thus   commands   the   zeal  of a whole people, shall we, who  believe that our cause is a just  one, be behind them in strenuous  effort to make the full force of  the British Empire felt in such  stern rebuke  of  Kaiserism  that  its  abhorrent   countenance shall  affright the earth no more?  ���������  Obviously, of course, we cannot  all go to the war. Some of us are  too old for active service. Some  are physically disqualified. Some,  in the long run, will be able to  do as much for their country by  the faithful discharge of duties  at home.  The eagerness of many of our  youth to take part in this struggle is a credit to Canada.  I sympathize with those who,  while burning to join their comrades, have not been deemed fit  for the strain, and with those of  like mind vho, for various good  reasons, mus? stay where they  are. Yet there are others  throughout this big; land by  whom,' whether through dullness  or indifference, the call of patriotism ' has been so far disregarded, and private interest held  of greater moment than the pub  lie weal.  ������������������.'Now the sooner this ea&y-going  selfish spirit is driven out, the  better for us all. Whether we  buy a sword or not by selling  our garment, it will be a poor  boast that we have kept our garment, even if we are able to keep  it, when it becomes the badge of  dr gradation. By all means let our  young lads play their games and  make their bodies strong and  clean. But the professional sports,  where a few are paid to take.exercise, while the rest look on; the  race-track courses, the moving  things attract too many of our  full-grown men who might well  ask themselves-just now whether  their time could not be spent in  a more useful way. Perhaps we  might even dispense for a while  the elaborate sporting columns  in our newspapers. They do not  fit in very well with the cablegrams from across the sea.  We have serious tasks confronting us. as a people; and if. we  fail to discern their importance,  and to try, as best we can, to  discharge them, any attempt at  lighter fun is nothing but a hideous and disgraceful mockery.  Under certain circumstances,  "safety first" is an excellent motto. It is pure foolishness for any  one to run risks which can be of  no benefit either to himself or  others; and every corporation  which looks for public patronage  is bound to show proper regard  for the welfare of all those who  have any dealings with it. But in  great crises "safety first" would  be the wajtchword of a coward.  The quality of lif e on this earth  ought to mean more than the  mere length of it.  Many things come before personal safety. Honour comes before it; freedom comes before it;  righteousness comes before it.  Safety is the last consideration  when the dearest treasures of the  soul are placed in peril; and, however fierce the attack upon them,  no one worthy to be called a man  would refuse to guard such an inheritance  even unto  death.  I have no doubt as to the final  issue of-this strife. It cannot be  that military despotism shall yet  prove victorious, and an outrage  be fastened upon the conscience  of the world. Fervent supplication will rise to God that such a  calamity may never be, and hope,  the last gift that remains to mortals when others have flown  away, will turn from an outlook  so gloomy and - forlorn. But it  will not be enough simply to  wish for triumph, or to pray for  triumph, we must also work for  it. We must refuse the blandishments of ease and sloth, and accept the opportunity for heroic  self-sacrifice.  We must silence all minor discords amongst us1 in one united  chorus whose inspiring refrain  shall ring from shore to shore.  We must consecrate our best  thought and our noblest effort  upon the herculean labour which  it is our privilege to share and  must not falter till we have  fought and won the battle for liberty, not our liberty alone, but  the liberty of all mankind.  God bless our boys who have  gone or who may yet go across  the sea. We mourn for those who  have fallen, and pray that a Pi-  vine comfort may rest upon the  homes which they shall see no  more. Yet we  cannot feel that  they  have  given  their lives in ^  vain.    Their dauntless   courage ,  will never be forgotten, nor. their;  splendid obedience as soldiers of  the   King.   The  voice   of   their  blood cries from the ground in  piercing tones; and it would be  strange indeed if even the most  careless and selfrcentred    youth  amongst us did not feel in his -  breast the thrill of a new patriot-,  ism and the irresistible pressure  of. a new sense of duty waking the  manhood in him to serve, to suf- -  fer, aye, even to die for God and"'  his native land.  For we need more men in training to  take some part in this  great   walr; and if   they   offer  themselves, we must see that no  removable   hindrances   bar   the  way. We need men who discern  the signs of the times, and who  will prove all the more efficient;,  whether ir counsel or in fight,  because they are men of clean  hands and pure Hearts. This war '-  is no mere vulgar brawl to be  settled in a day. It is a struggle  between opposing ideals of ��������� life,  and' a .long hard road may yet  have to be travelled before tbe *  happy  end  is gained.  We  are  fighting for the rights of others,  not less than for our own. We are  fighting for those intangible possessions which are the crowning  (Continued on page 7)  ' t' ~  x-  ��������� f*v  *   JJi\  1     *,'  r.     ������  x x  ���������%  Campbell-Gordon Co., \*wM  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  I*ead Pipe, Pig &ead, Pipe and  , Pipe fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  .1210 Corner Street  Mr. Distributor  In marketing your standard product, your effort is to bring it to the notice of customers. Do  you ever consider the telephone directory as a medium? By no other means of advertising can so  many people be readied,.not once but all the time.  The telephone directory goes into 30;000 homes on  the Lower Mainland of:British Columbia. It has  no waste circulation. It is constantly read. It is  the daily reference book of everybody.  Moreover,-itsTadvertisements make a direct appeal when the telephone is right at hand to place  an order.  DIRECTORY ADVERTISING REACHES EVERY DESIRABLE CUSTOMER, COMBINING EVERY BUSINESS-  GETTING FEATURE OF SUCCESSFUL PUBLICITY-  CIRCULATION, QUALITY: PERSISTENCY.  Beserve space in the next Directory, which goes to press'  November 15th  British Columbia  LIMITED THE WESTERN CALL  ,.-.,.,..��������������� .    ''///Friday,, October  29," 1915.'  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H.  STEVENS,  M. P.  X  0   PUBLISHED EVEEY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  BEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. 0.  Telephone: Fairmont 11,40.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Tear in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada. >  HOW LONG WILL THE WAR LAST?  ������_g  UNEMPLOYMENT  *y.  X  i/  M  THE FOLLOWING ESSAY on Unemployment, written by a Vancouver high school student, we publish with pleasure, in the hope that  it may prove an incentive to other students to  express themselves regarding questions of the  day. The columns of the Call are always open  to such and their contributions will be welcomed.  Unemployment, voluntarily or involuntarily  among the wage-earning classes, is a - problem  which has become more insistent in recent years  than ever before. Although the causes of unemployment  may  vary  in  different   countries,  4 there are two classes of causes which are universal ; those over which the worker has no control, and those which lie with the worker himself. The first may be caused by change of season, as in construction work, by war, which as  we see now, involves such a drain on a country's  income that it is impossible to supply work. Then  there are circumstantial causes which incidentally produce unemployment, such as the displacement of labour through inventions, the decaying or declining of trades brought about by  a persistent falling off of. the demand through  change* in process or fashion. From the second  class we obtain the unemployable. Not only  those incapable of wage-earning \ work by extreme old age, infirmity or temporary illness,  but men who are capable of doing a strpng  man's work if. they would, but have the1 idea  - that the world owes them a living.  :   The first and most,obvious result of unem-  ** '. it '1  ' ,   * .     I  ployment is loss of wages and from this many  other results arise.   If a .man who is supporting a family and is responsible for their sustenance, is really anxious but unable to obtain'  work, it means a drain upon his vital forces  wbich cannot" be measured in terms of money.  Under a strain of this kind a man's morale  may break and he may pass never to return  r across the line which separates independent poverty from a shiftless and unworthy pauperism.  ; If poverty continues, the family cannot be given  an^ education, thereby gaining very little moral  training.    The children will grow up Ignorant  probably, commit crimes, and in the end become1  inmates of our penitentiaries, or they may cause  strikes and riots, all' of which lead to the degeneration of the race.  Although people have ever been Jurying: to.  find remedies for unemployment or relief for unemployment such as relief funds, benevolent societies or rates,, especially- for the poor, no lasting remedy has been found. If a man who is a  man in "every sense of the word, happens to.be  out ,of work and poverty-stricken for a time,  he does not like to think that hejnust be an object of charity and receive benefactions from  charitable institutions just because the state is  unable to provide him with work.  It has been suggested that if. new industries  were developed, more work could be supplied for  men. This would indeed provide more work as  many of our industries here in British Columbia, which are not developed, could supply work  to many more men than they do now. The hours  of labor have in some cases been shortened to  give more men work, and "this seems to have  worked fairly well here. If the state were made  responsible for its own unemployed, the govern-  ment might see that new industries were opened  up, but it is now left too much to the charity  of the people.  If the government could make it possible for  the poor man to obtain a few acres of land,  many of those who are without work in the city  '.- might obtain a fair living on a small farm if  they were but given a chance. These small farmers might in time be able to pay for their land,  some, of course, might not, but even if they  didn't they would be earning a living. It is  worth trying.  Thus we see that unemployment may effect  those who are desirous and eager for work, and  the co-operation,.of.all who are interested in the  relief of humanity is needed to provide remedies  for this question. -  ,>,   What the Bible Prophecies Foretell  ;** (By  an Old Soldier)  THE MOST common question asked in street,  train, or club, and especially at the front, is,  "How much longer will the war lqst?" Many  people have an answer ready, and generally the  wish is father to the thought. But does anyone  really know within months how long the war  will last? -  'Lord Kitchener is credited, with what truth  we know not, with having said that it would  occupy three months or three years. His three  months' prophecy, which, of course, meant victory for the Kaiser, very very nearly came true.  Had.it not been for the marvels wrought by the  British Army in the retreat from. Mons and the  improvising of an army in taxicabs from Paris  three months would have decided the war in  Germany's favour.        " ,  There is only one that can tell to a day when  the war will cease, and that is the Great Architect of the Universe, and He will keep his "counsel unless He has already informed us and we are  too blind to interpret Him! I refer to the 13th  chapter of the Revelation of St. John the Divine. If this- chapter does not foretell the' war  and its exact length���������namely, forty-two months  ���������then all I can say is that the coincidences contained  in  it  are   extraordinary.  The chapter begins: "I stoodxupon the sand  of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the  sea, having seven heads and ten horns." Might  this not be Germany, her recent adventas a big  naval power being Symbolized by her "rising out  of the sea?" The seven heads would be the  larger German states of Prussia, Bavaria, Wurt-'  temberg, Baden. Saxony, Macklenburg and Hanover. The ten horns would be the lesser prin-1  cipalities and duchies.  The third verse runs thus: "And I saw one  of his heads as it were wounded to death"; and  his deadly wound was healed; and all the world  wondered after the beast." This would perhaps  refer to the complete loss of naval power by the  Germans and the curious fact that the loss has  not been vital. / '        l  The chapter continues: "And they worshipped'  the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? '  who is able to make war with him?  "And there was given unto him a mouth  speaking great   things and   blasphemies;   and  power was given unto him to continue forty and'  two months."  "And ifrwas given unto him to make warT  with  the  saints, and tp overcome  them;  and  power was given him over all kindreds and tongues, and nations.  "And'I beheld another beast coming up but  of the earth; and he bad two horns like a iamb,  and he spake as a dragon. ***  "And he exerciseth all the power of the first  beast before him, and causeth "the earth and them  which dwell therein to worship the first beast;"  whose deadly wound was healed." This second'  beast might refer to Turkey, the two horns signifying Turkey in Europe and Turkey in Asia.  And so the chapter continues, with several  "minor coincidences, which the reader will notice.  The key of the chapter, however, lies in the  last verse, which reads: "Here is wisdom. Let  him that hath-understanding count the-number  of the beast; for it is the number of a man; and  his number is Six hundred three score and-six."  'Now, supposing that the beast referred to is  the Kaiser, the coincidence is most curious. Take  the-letters of the word and write them down  in column, and against each letter place the  corresponding number of that letter in the alphabet. Place the number 6 opposite each of these  figures; and the whole adds up as 666. Thus:  K  A  I .  S  E  R  .11-6  . 1-6  . 9-6  . .19-6  ,." 5-6  ..18-6  'By and by'Meadeth to the road "Never."  If the prophecies or coincidences in chapter  13 (fatal number) come.true, it means that the  war will be over in January 1918, and this date  is quite as likely as most of those mooted. January is a period when the real severities of winter  set in, and when the combatants know that they  have three of the worst campaigning months in  front of them. What more likely than that the  heart of one of them should fail at the pros-  p'ect'f''���������'"'���������' . '���������'.'.'���������'��������� "���������.'���������-���������"' 'X :. "':.. ���������'  If Vwe knew for certain now that the war  would'last so long, would not our whole policy '���������*���������*  of conducting the campaign alter? Our finanee,;  for one thing, would require looking into, and  the question of compulsory service would no  longer be a question but an accomplished fact.  It would be quite impossible for us to go on till  January 1918 with voluntary service. No one can  deny this. If compulsion has to come, the sooner it comes the better, so that the -numerous advantages which would arise, from the social up-V  heaval may be obtained during this war and not  for future campaigns only.  If anyone asks me how much longer the war  will last, my answer will be���������till January, 1918.  AIiLIES   ANTI-AIR   GRAFT MACHINE   GUN   POST  A CHAPTER 0F SECRET HISTORY  L'allemagne Avant La Often*: Les Causes et  L$s Responsabilites.  BARON BE YENS in this most remarkable  book gives the world a chapter df secret history.  He was* Belgian Minister in Berlin from the close  of 1911 t������: the outbreak (of war,, and he was,'  therefore,' an actor 'in the tremendous events  which he describes.  The m&in responsibility for the tragedy of the  war incontestabiy attaches, in his belief, to the  Kaiser.    Of that sovereign we have a striking .  picture:  "Speaking to you, he looks.you straight in the  face, always with his left hand on the hilt of.  his sword in the attitute which has become iso  familiar. His yoice is exceedingly guttural .almost hoarse, and is not.a*pleasant one. But his  expression is mobile and energetic, and derives  its animation and, its fire from his magnificent  eyes. His eyes- strike one at once even more than.,  do his words; they are eyes of"a light blue, at  moments lively and laughing, at other moments  stern and severe, with scintillations in them like-  the glint of steel."       '     ���������*   ���������'        X  But ^ehind' this outward, charm', was something strange and disquieting: "The' Empefor  caused a sensation of uneasiness and fear���������he  was an 'enigma which was redoubtable and impossible to decipher." "  'Before the war he was showing signs of  strain. Tbe hour's sleep which he took every afternoon in bed of recent years, in addition to his  ordinary faightly rest, had not re-established his  health. "The wrinkles on his face, the greyness  of his colour, revealed his physical decay. Germans who saw him but rarely were surprised to  discover that he was growing-prematurely old."  Yet Baron Beyens does not believe that this *  premature   degeneration had any influence   on  his policy:  "AU'the witnesses are agreed that his ner-  .vousness increased "in "recent" years; "that-his",  growing irritability rendered his service more  difficult;'and that he became niore and more impatient, of anything short of unquestioning obedience. "But his plans were prepared in perfect  tranquility of mind and not in the condition of  unhealthy over-excitement which some have been  too ready to impute to him."  One person much blamed by foreign opinion,  was really blameless. The Crown Prince, according to M. Beyens, was a nullity. He had no influence on the autocrat and little on the Germanv  public.  Among those who shared the Emperor's re-~  sponsibility fojr the  torrent of innocent blood  shed was unquestionably Prince Henry.  "His   relationship with   the   British   Royal  Family supplied him with a pretext for frequent  visits to the neighboring island. There he learnt  the strong, and weak points of - the British navy, *  which he was preparing to fight one day. He was ,  fond of calling himself the comrade and admirer  of the British seamen. And all the time he was  seeking the opportunity of torpedoing their ships  and destroying their naval supremacy. All his  efforts were directed towards the preparation for;  a war which he himself regarded as very' near  at hand:"'" ���������"'" ���������/;.Jj/r':/ 'k  In the last eighteen months Vbefore the war  Europe walked on a razor's edge; in March, 1913,  Germany issued preliminary notices for mobilization about' the very. date when Mr. Acland was  rebuking. Lord Roberts and Mr. Churchill was  talking about a naval holiday. This fact is revealed for the first time. In August,' 1913, as we  have long known from Signor Giolitti. Italy was  sounded as to her attitude in a great war. The  reply being unsatisfactory,, the" plotters appear  to have decided tov Wait till their armaments  were complete and till England was embroiled in  civil war. TKe last few months before the explo  sion there, were constant conferences between  Vienna and Berlin. In June, 1914, came the last  council before the explosion. \  ;"The Kaiser visited the Austrian successor at  Kdndpischt, in Bohemia, where he was. accompanied,by his Minister of Marine.     Did they re-  . construct the map of Central Europe and the  Balkans t Did they prepare for the supremacy of  the Austro-German fleets in the Mediterranean  -and fix the precise'moment to clear for action?  The  Archduke  seemed , the most  eager of the  - party for war and by the judgment of Heaven  he was not permitted to see, the accomplishment  of the projects wbich hve, had so cold-bloodedly  prepared with his guests in the midst of "his  flower' gardens."  Everything was ready in that spring of 1914  ���������the monster howitzers, the Zeppelins, the machine guns,, the, railways to the Belgian frontier.  The fatal hour had arrived. The murder of the  Archduke was the excuse', and in no sense the  cause' of the struggle ('which a few weeks later  began. It is a onistake to' suppose that the Kai-  ser did not intend vtfar on a gigantic scale from,  the first, though he was misled as to the sentiments of Great Britain.  , I*.)-'  ., Ralph Pulitzer, one of the owners of the &ew!  York World, founded- by the late Joseph  , Pulitzer, who has been observing trench warfare  on the western battle front, said on his return to  New York that he could see no trace of wavering  on the part of the allies. He asserted: "The  war,will be fought out. - There is no. chance for  peace under present eonditions. The trench warfare seems like a deadlock, but it will be solved  by high explosives.' Proper explosives of the type  which the allies are beginning to get to the front  in the quantities they require will tear any trench  to pieces. There is no exaggeration of the grim  determination with which*France is battling to  drive the enemy from her doorstep."  GBJWt-UWY IS BEATEN  (Continued from Page One)  London, Paris, or. Petrograd. The apparent losers, -the nations which have so far lost, are not  discussing peace on.any terms, but from^er-  many, despite censors^official warning, and patent, there emerges evergrowing talk of peace.  WJH-JBlTJalk Peace ,  "When the Germans have opened the road to  Constantinople, destroyed    Serbian    resistance,  temporarily asserted their supremacy in the Balkans, nothing is more certain that from one end  of this earth to the other every German sympathizer will talk peace. Every influence that can  possibly be exerted will be called into, play to;  procure a settlement. .  ���������      "But no; American should mistake this. It  ; compares admirable with those frantic but abortive peace conferences of 1864, when the south  was already beaten, but  southern  influence in  the north combined with the pacifist and the war-  weary in tbe attempt to prevent the inevitable  and avert the final'scene at Appomattox^ which;  every soldier now knows was but a question of  time. _ -.. ; X: X;..      -���������'."���������      .   .       ���������'���������' -J  "And if'.Germany fallsx in her peace efforts  thehvthe end; is assured. Her defeat in the war;  is ascertain as was that bf the Confederacy after Gett^btog���������jinless she can tire out her.op-  ponehls. X8x..XXX' '*���������������������������' ���������'���������"':  X  "Germany is now approaching what will be  her last gr������_tMJdAiorvictory, but it will not be  -made on the battiefield-���������that is over.     It will  be made'in:. conference,' in peace negotiations, in  operations  through neutral nations.      If  these  fail we shall presently see the whole character oi  the conflict changed and an utterly new spirit  flow  from thfe'slllu^  to the  Vistula.      What  Americans cannot know it whether the spirit that  Xruled in Washington in 1864 dominates in London, Paris and Petrograd in 1915." -  KMBBSKS  saagTiSssagasgyff^ggs^jaa^vs^s::  ���������j^~m&rrG:*"^*rsT/ - ^**r^j^-r  r������ #~"vr"- VrrZijr ��������� .-^fsvdms.1 v -, .?-: - ���������; X  ���������" '<.  -<, v������->    ������������������"  Friday, October  29,  1915.  THE WESTERN  GALL  CHURCH UNION  av. Hugh Pedley, Noted Congre-  [gationalist of Montreal, Writes  on Great Religious Union.  [ Rev. Dr. Hugh Pedley, of Em-,  (anuel   Congregational   Church,  tontreal,  one  of the leaders in  lie movement of the union of the  resbyterian, Methodist and Congregational churches in Canada,  is issued  a  statement  entitled  [An Appeal to the Hesitating,"  which he says:  "It is not my purpose to cite  lie arguments in favor of Church  [Tnion but" to appeal to those who  ire   hesitating.   Taking up   the  latter    of    tradition1 first,   we  irould be foolish not to recognize  It  as .having a proper place in  |>ur life. There are certain associations without birthplace,   our  Childhood, and our ancestry that  jjome to have a very great sac-  redness. Churches that have been  existence for any considerable  length  of  time 'must  inevitably  lave something in the nature of  (tradition.   This  is illustrated in  the   three   churches   that   have  >een negotiating " for union.  * "The   Congregationalists  have  tradition   into whose   texture  lave   been woven certain   great  )ersonalities   and V important  national movements. That tradition  ^s over three hundred years old  ind has   taken into   itself, such  lames as those of Oliver Crom-  rell, John Milton, and John Robinson, and those great impulses  cowards freedom which  express  [hemselves in the landing of the  'ilgrims, and that forerunner of  iemocracy, the Commonwealth.  "The Methodists have a tradition less venerable  in  point .of  rears,   that   Church  not having  reached the  end of its  second  uentre, but exceedingly rich .and  stimulating, a tradition that    is  starred with the names of Wes-  [ley, Whitefield and countless her-  :>ic  pioneers,  associated with  a  spiritual movement which saved  [Britain from a parallel to   the  [French Revolution, and is enrich-  jed with missionary triumphs in  [many lands.  "The Presbyterians have a tra-  Fdition that is more ancient and  [perhaps more deeply rooted than  [the others. It has more pronoun-  feed national complexion. It has a  paramount' place, an almost exclusive place, in one nation such  as the others have not had in any  nation. It has framed itself more  vividly andN distinctively in>cus-  toms and1;N institutions than has  that of either of the_ other  churches. The PsalnrrBook, the  Catechism, the Communion Table>  the. Parish' Record, the Battle  Flag carried by sons of the  Church, all these have a unique  and commanding place. ,  - ,"A week or two ago I was in  the beautiful chapel of. the new  Knox College, Toronto, at the  dedication service., The worship  was of the simplest. The singing  was. mainly of the psalms. The  tunes were familiar, reminiscent  some of them of thg days of the  Covenanters. There sat next me a  prominent Ontario judge. I had  known him when we were both  boys living on the countryside. I  remembered his father, who in  a neighboring Presbyterian  church was an elder, a man ser-  ious without being sour, devout,  but with no Pharisaic touch; in  person tall, straight, dignified; in  reputation blameless. And when  we stood up to sing a psalm that  this elder had sung and a succession of- elders ha*d sung even to  the days of John Knox, sung in  simple kirk and grey cathedral,  sung in rocky caves and amidst  the wind-swept heather, sung on  the march and in the fray, I felt  as I had never felt before how  strong was the tradition of this  church.  "How far is it necessary in the  event of union to sacrifice these  -traditions? One thing is certain;  the past will remain. Knox and  Cromwell and Wesley will not be  obliterated. Indeed, it is not reasonable to expect that their influence will be augmented and  made more splendid when their  names are joined together in one.  great tradition, the common heritage of the United Church? The  Union: Jack represents in its folds  not the destruction, but the  Mending' of. the" traditions of  England, Ireland and Scotland.  Perhaps what we are afraid of  is not so much that our church  tradition shall be sacrificed as  that our monopoly of it shall be  abolished. But that is surely not  the nobler way of looking at the  matter.  At  Your  Grocer's  Doesn't make any difference to you bread  who first wrapped bread, or how long ago  eaters  What you want is GOOD Bread, NOW    ,  ���������and delivered to you fresh and wholesome  ���������and sold low enough in price so that you really save-by  purchasing it and do away with all the bother and fuss of-  baking at home. X  SMAX and  The BETTER Breads  will answer all your requirements of what good bread ought"  to be.   Try them today.  HAMPTQN^PINCHIN  Bakers of BETTER Bread x  "If some sacrifice of tradition  were necessary, ^should we not be  prepared to make that sacrifice?  The world has always advanced  by arising above tradition. It  was-through this process that it  became possible for a Jew to embrace Christianity; through it  that Protestantism came forth  from the womb of the mediaeval  church.  "Turning how to the other reason for hesitation, the fear that  there would be a serious breaking up of church life, the forcing of people violently into new  and perK&ps, distasteful fellowships. It seems to me that this  fear is on the whole groundless.  To begin with, we know that at  least nineteen-twentieths of the  ordinary member's church life is  lived in the local church where  he. worships and works. A very  few people in any congregation  ever, attend a Presbytery, a district meeting or an association,  and still fewer a General Assembly, a Conference or a Union^ It  is in the local church that the  great mass of Christian people  have their spiritual home, and  find the sphere of their, religious  activities, ff there were disturbance there, if radical changes  were forced up6n the people, then  union would prove a curse and  not a blessing. But the basis of  union definitely provides against  any such drastic policy in the  following paragraph:  " 'In the management of their  local affairs the various churches,  charges, circuits or congregations  of the uniting churches shall' be  entitled to continue the organization and practices -(including  those practices relating to membership, church ordinances, Sunday schools and young people's  societies) enjoyed by them at the  time of the union, subject in general ' affairs to " the legislation,  principles and discipline , of? the  United Church. Their representatives in the next higher governing body or court shall be chosen  as at present.'  "There are to-day over 2,000  Presbyterian churches, over 2,000  Methodist churches and 150 Congregational churches. Each of  these has its own form of organization, its own way of worship,  its own individuality. What would  happen if union were to take  place to-morrow? Would these  congregations be roughly plucked up by the roots- and planted  in alien soil? Would two churches of diverse social and intellectual types, be forced to worship  together because they happened  to be near each other in the same  community? Not so. They  would be free to continue on  their way. There need be no fear  of sudden and violent changes.  After the union is consummated  these four or five thousand  churches would go on very much  as they have been going on in  past years. '  Union would be of unspeakable  value in planning for the future.  The Canada of to-day is but the  beginning of the Canada that is  to be. We shall probably have  twenty millions of people by the  middle'of the century. We have  to plan the moral and spiritual  problems that spring out of that  growth; and surely plans can be  more comprehensive, consistent  and efficient in a united then in  a divided church.  "The representatives of the  various churches who have for  many years worked on the basis  of union have done so not under  the lure of:a fad, but under the  spell of _a vision. They think it  is one great step, towards the  ideal set forth in the second paragraph of the basis, which reads  thus:       /  " 'It shall be -the"policy of the  United Church to foster the spirit of: unity in the hope: that this  sentiment of unity may in due  time, so far as Canada is concerned, take shape in a Church  which may fittingly be described  as "national" ' *'  It has been discovered that the  air'of. the Egyptian desert is as  free from bacterial life as the polar regions or the high seas, ahd  it is an excellent place for people  suffering from rheumatism of  consumption to take up their  abode.  Africa is the most' elevated of  all the continents. It is the  "^continent . of. plateaus." The  great tableland in the south has  a mean altitude of over 3,500 feet.  The wide tableland on the north  has an average elevation of about  1,300 feet.  With exhibitions and catalogues of artificial limbs now  brought to notice one gets to calculating the cost of a reconstructed man. Seemingly a little^more  than $500 would suffice. A pair  of artificial legs costs about $150  and a pair of arms about $100.  Ears, with drums, etc., cost $75  each; eyes, $30 a pair, and so on.  Without heart and brain a man  is worth about $500. With them  the price might change.  t.  There is an instrument of Eng  lish invention which is employed  to determine the measure of the  blow ,of a wave. This instru-  ment was used to measure the  wave blow off the Skerryvore  rock, Scotland. There the waves  sweep in from the wide Atlantic.  In summer a force of over 600  pounds to the square foot was recorded. In winter as high as a  tori to the square foot was attained. These figures give some  idea as to what ships, lighthouses and other similar structures have to contend with during stress of foul weather.  L  ROYAL STANDARD  ���������The Bestx Friend  4 * ' -  of the Bed Cooks!  Such scrupulous care is taken in milling to  have ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR CLEAN,  that such impurities as dirt, fluff, lint, etc., can  not find their way into this pure, snow-white  flour.  Result is, when bread is made with ROYAL  STANDARD FLOUR the loaves are not only  bigger, but CLEANER���������of tempting creamy-  Arhitehess. In many other ways, too, which you  will hear about, ROYAL STANDARD is a superior flour. Made right here in B. C. INSIST  at your grocer's or phone Sey. 8210 if substitute  is offered and be advised where you can get  the real product.   * Look for Circle V trademark.  Vancouver Willing * Grain Co., Ltd.  y Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  ^������  - /  1     /  THE POSITION OF GREECE  #    iti  WORLD WIDE  This splendid weekly publication is performing an unusually  important service to Canada during this, greatest of all international wars of the world's history. "World Wide" selects and  presents to its readers every Saturday the ablest articles by the  ablest writers in Britain and  America on the war situation and  its consequences. It thus reflects the current thought of both  hemispheres in these critical  times. Eminent men and women  all over the country acknowledge its great worth. Who can  afford to be without it?  "Almost eyery article in almost every issue you feel you  would like to put away among  your treasures,ror"send to some  friend." .  Subscription Rate $1.50 per annum, or on trial for three month*?  for. only 25 cents. Send to John  Dougall & Son, publishers, "Wit  ness" Block, Montreal.  WAR'S RELAXATIONS  Military etiquette is always relaxed in war time, and we are  passing now through much the  same phase as in Crimean days,  when officers who had grown  beards and acquired^ taste for tobacco through long months in the  trenches exhibited their beards  and cigars in Piccadilly. Officers  back from the front no longer  bring their beards with them, but  they smoke pipes in public places  ���������a breach of decorum which  would have been impossible before the war.  Worse even than that���������in the  opinion of the. retired. Colonel,  who views the outrage moodily  from the windows of the "Rag"  ���������is that the subaltern has taken  to carrying his own bag, and not  infrequently exposes evidence  that he has been shopping. London, Sir James Barrie once observed, is the only place he knows  where "a man may eat a penny  bun in the street without attracting undesirable attention, and we  may see the day when the one  star officer will try even that experiment.  " In a discusion of. the position  of Greece Sir Edward'Peers said:  "The Queen, who is a sister of  the Kaiser, has,' as you are aware,  great  influence with King   Con-  stantine, and it is she who quite  recently brought Greece within  measurable distance of a revolution. The  concern, of Venibelos  to-day is rather how far he can  rely on the army, which is. not  inclined to take any great risks.  If Greece had come in; at first  she would have had  the whole  province of Aidin,, with Symrna  as the capital, and even now the  abominable   outrages   committed  by the Turks on the Greeks at  Aivale make it certain that the  success of the Allies, in the event  of Greece supporting them, would  mean a very large extension of  territory in Asia Minor."  Regarding Roumania, Sir Edwin Pears said: "The present  King of Roumania is a Hohenzol-  lern, and naturally looks to Germany as did King Carol before  him, but this in itself would not  he sufficient to keep Roumania  neutral. She, like Bulgaria, is  somewhat afraid that the success  of Russia would mean the occupation, of Constantinople and as a  consequence the turning-of- the  Balkan States- into Russian provinces; that, at all events, is the  fear. The danger from their point  of view is not so great as it was,  and the German alliance with  Turkey compels them to favor |  Russia, rather than the Teutonic  powers of Central Europe. Roumania is populous, wealthy and  powerful,' and ��������� I am hot without  hope that before long her relations may make it possible for  her to play a part in this great  Premier  Pancake  Flour  Made from CHOICEST  of Wkeat Products.  AGREEABLE to any  x sense:  Tbe QMVf Pancake  floor MAP* h VAN-  C0UVWL  ASIC YOUR GROCER  '     u\  Ottawa, OanaOa  PRINGLE  & GUTWRIE  Barristers an������ Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member ot the  Bar of British Colombia.  Citiseo Bonding, Ottawa  P^BI W-fMw-tM  n  occo  war.  >:>  There is something revolting  in the deliberate "taking of a  woman's life. The killing of  Edith Cavell should inspire every  able citizen of the empire to end  this barbarity.  The victory of Botha and the  South African loyalists at the  polls is most important. The Union government will now. be able  to send a contingent to "Europe  or to Egypt, wherever men are  most needed.  Sunday Golfer���������Something has  put me off my game this morning, caddie.  It's them church bells, mister,  they hadn't ought to be allowed."  The first prohibition.paper in  Vancouver. Give us your advertising support. It wiirmean dollars  for you.     The Western Call.  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  The Dow Fraser Trust Cd\ of-"  f ers a special service to individual  trustees who would appreciate  the advantage of having the clerical and routine administration  of their trusts carried on by an  expert organization at reasonable charges.  Enquiry and interview solicited.  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby !^V6^/^*1fl(*WJ6h .*,r- *��������� v .-"*>    ������-- * s*. -/ ' *'  ��������� 9������44> MlllH &** K^i  '   '   ^-l  6  Friday,  October 29, 1915.  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that "which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, October 30th  Go in and do the best you can,  Nor waste your time in sighing;  The mind's the measure of the man, ,  And strength is born of trying.  - ���������Nixon   Waterman.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Flaked Fish in White  Sauce. Corn Bread. Coffee.  Dinner���������Noodle Soup. Stuffed Breast, of Veal,  Brown Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Scalloped Tomatoes. Apple Dumplings. Coffee.  Supper-i���������Orange Omelet. Buttered Toast.  Doughnuts. Tea.  Doughnuts  Beat two eggs and one cupful of sugar, one  tablespoonful of melted butter, one-quarter of a  teaspoonful of. ginger, half a nutmeg grated, one  half teaspoonful of salt, one cupful of thick sour  milk in which one teaspoonful of soda has been  dissolved, and two cupfuls of flour mixed and  sifted with one teaspoonful of baking powder,  then add about two more cupfuls of flour to  make stiff enough to roll. Cut out, fry in deep  hot fat, and drain thoroughly on soft paper.  Sunday, October, 31st  Let my voice ring out and over the earth,  "' Through all the'grief and, strife,  With a golden joy in a silver mirth;  Thank God for Life!  ���������James Thomson.  Breakfast���������Stewed /Apricots. Bacon and Eggs.  Breakfast Rolls. Coffee.'  Dinner���������Bouillon. Fricassed Chicken. Boiled  Rice. Carrots with Pears. Spinach Salad. Pump-,  kin Pie. Coffee. *>  Lunch���������Club Sandwiches. Olives. Fig Tarts.  Tea.  Pumpkin Pie  * Mix three-quarters of. a cupful of brown sugar,  with one teaspoonful of cinnamon, one-half teaspoonful each of ginger and salt, and a dash pf  cayenne. Add two beaten eggs, two cupfuls of  rich milk and one and one-half cupfuls of stewed and siften pumpkin. Bake in one crust and  serve cold with a garnish of whipped cream.  Monday, November 1  .This.sunlight shames November where he grieves  .   In dead red leaves, and will not1 let him, shun  . The day, though bough with bough be overrun.  - But with a blessing every glade receives  High salutation; while from hillock-eaves  " The deer gaze calling, dappled white and dun.  ���������Dante  Gabriel   Rossetti.  3roakfast���������Cereal with Sliced Bananas and  Cream. Shirred Eggs. Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cream   of   Carrots.   Lamb   Chops.  Glazed   Sweet Potatoes.   Spinach. Lettuce   and  Grapefruit Salad. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee.  -."   Supper���������Chicken Terrapin. Rice Croquettes.  Nut Bread. Peach Preserves. Tea.  Glased Sweet Potatoes  Pare six sweet potatoes, boil ten minutes in  salted water, drain and cut in halves lengthwise.  Cook one-half cupful of sugar and one-quarter of  a cupful of water three minutes and add one tablespoonful of butter. Dip the potatoes in the  s^rup, place them in a buttered pan and bake  until tender, basting two or three times with the  -syrup-which remains. ���������    --" -    -  X  Tuesday, November 2nd  The embattled forests, erewhile armed in gold,  Their banners bright with every martial hue,  Now stood, like some sad beaten host of old,  Withdrawn afar in Times' remotest blue.  ���������Thomas Buchanan Bead.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Bacon. Fried  Apples. Rye Gems. Coffee.  Dinner���������Vermicelli Soup. Roast Beef. Baked  Potatoes. Mashed Turnips. Tomato and Green  Pepper Salad. .Snow Pudding. Custard Sauce.  Coffee.  Supper ��������� Creamed Tunny Fish on Toast.  Stewed Prunes. Loaf Cake.  Tea.  Creamed Tunny Pish on Toast  Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter; blend in  three tablespoonfuls of flour mixed with one-third  of a teaspoonful of salt and one-eighth of. a teaspoonful of pepper, then add gradually one pint  of rich milk and stir and cook until thickened.  Add a large can of tunny fish separated into  flakes, cook slowly for five minutes and serve on  slices of toasted bread.  VICTOR HUGO'S VISION  Wednesday, November 3rd  This is the treacherous month when autumn days  With summer's voice come bearing summer's gifts.  Beguiled", the pale down trodden aster lifts  Her head and blooms again.  ���������Helen Jackson,  Breakfast ��������� Grapefruit. Scrambled Eggs.  Fried Cereal with Syrup. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato Bouillon. Beef Pie. Mashed  Potatoes. Creamed Onions. Chicory Salad. Cheese  Wafers. Pineapple Cream. Coffee.  Supper���������Baked Sausage. Potato Pancakes.  Oatmeal Biscuits. Jam Tarts. Tea.  Pineapple Cream  Put the contents of a can of grated pineapple  in a saucepan, add one-half cupful of sugar, heat  to the boiling point, stir in one-quarter of a box  of gelatine softened in a little cold water and,  when dissolved, add one tablespoonful of lemon  juice. Stir occasionally over cracked ice until it  begins to stiffen, then fold in one pint of whipped cream. Set aside until firm and serve with a  garnish of maraschino or candied cherries.  Thursday, November 4th  I find sweet peace in de_>th  of autumn woods,  Where grow the ragged1 ferns and roughened moss;  The naked, silent trees have taught m,e this;  The loss of beauty is not always loss.  ���������Elizabeth Stoddard.  Breakfast-���������Cereal with Cr$am. Beef and Potato Hash. Hot Biscuits. Coffee.  Dinner ��������� Split Pea Soup. Croutons. Pork  Tenderloin. Fruit Relish. Scalloped Potatoes.  Browned Parsnips. Apple Tapioca Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Baked Macaroni. Tomatoes and  Cheese. Bread and Butter. Banana Fritters.  Foamy Sauce. Tea.  Fruit Relish  Chop seven pounds of cored apples, one  pound of seeded raisins, one pound of figs and  then peel from two oranges. Add one pint of  vinegar, the juice of the two oranges, three and  one-half pounds of sugar, three teaspoonfuls of  powdered cinnamon, one teaspoonful of powdered cloves, and one teaspoonful of salt, and boil  steadily for half an hour. Keep in glass or stone  jars.  ���������Friday, November 6th  What though chill November bears the leaves away,  What though frosts of autumn tinge the earth with gray,  Is there not a beauty in tbe dark brown wood? *  -  Speaks it not a language, full well understood?  .   ���������Anna Holyoke Howard.  _ Breakfast���������Stewed -Apricots.- Cereal- with  Cream. Poached Eggs on Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clam Bouillon. Boiled Halibut. Egg  Sauce. Steamed Potatoes. String Beans. Steamed  Cranberry Pudding. Coffee.        \  Supper ��������� Deviled Scallops. Cabbage Salad.  Raised Biscuits. Orange Cake. Tea.  Deviled Scallops  Cream one:third of a cupful of butter, gradually beat in two teaspoonfuls of mustard, three-  quarters of a teaspoonful of salt and one-quarter  of -a teaspoonful of cayenne, then add one quart  of parboiled scallops finely chopped and one ,  cupful of hot milk. Mix thoroughly, turn into a  buttered baking dish, cover with one cupful of  fine crumbs, dot with bits of butter and bake  about twenty minutes.  JINGLE POT  COAL  "LASTS LONGER"  Let us put in your winter's supply.  Lump ..............$6.50  ... ... . . . , ............. .wv-. .   O.OU  Nut  Lower Than Ever Before  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company)  Sey. 5408 5409  Dumas and .His Porthos  Dumas, like Balzac, was fond  of his own creations. Among  them all he loved- Porthos best.  The great, strong, vain hero was  a child after his own heart. One  afternoon, it is related, his son  found Dumas careworn, wretched, overwhelmed. "What has  happened to yqu? Are you ill?"  asked Dumas fils. "No." replied  Dumas pere. "Well, what is it,  then?" "I am miserable."  "Why?" "This morning I killed  Porthos���������poor Porthos! Oh. what  trouble I have had tp make up  my mind to do it. But there  must be an end to all things  Yet when I saw him sink beneath  the ruins, crying, 'It is too heavy,  too heavy for me!' I swear to  you that I cried!" And he wiped  away a tear,with the sleeve of his  dressing gown.  A day comes when you, Prance  ���������you,   Russia���������you,   Italy���������you,  England���������you, Germany���������all you  nations   of   the 'continent shall  without   losing   your   distinctive,  qualities and your glorious individuality blend in a higher unity  and form a European fraternity,  as Normandy, Brittany, Burgundy,   Lorraine,   Alsace;   all   the  French provinces, blended    into  France. A day will come- when'  war shall seem as- impossible between Paris and London, between  Petersburg   and  .Berlin* as   between Boston and Philadelphia:.'  A day will come when bullets  and bombs shall be replaced by  ballots, by the universal suffrage  of the people, by the sacred arbitrament of a great sovereign senate,  which  shall  be  to  Europe  what the parliament is to England, the diet to Germany, the legislative assembly to Prance., , A  day  will   come  when   a cannon  shall be exhibited in our museums  as an instrument   of   torture   is  now and men shall marvel that  stich things could be.  A day will come -when we shall  see those two immense groups, the  United States of America, and  the United States of Europe, in  face of each other extending hand  to hand over the ocean, exchanging their products, their commerce, their ' industry, their art;  their genius clearing the' earth,  colonizing deserts and amelioriz-  ing creation.  To you I appeal, French, English, Germans, Russians, Slavs,  Europeans, Americans, what have  we to do to hasten the coming  of the great day?  Love one another.  -���������Victor Hugo.  warring: on bust  This age of steel has roused a  world wide battle with rust, and  more chemists and other experts  are studying possible weapons for  this bfittle than are busy on almost any other industrial problem. Concrete owes much of its  present growth to the difficulty  of protecting steel' and iron  against rust.  Absolutely pure iron will not  rust, and fairly pure iron will  rust only slowly. One way, therefore, is to improve the grade of  iron, and manufacturers now sell  iron that is guaranteed to withstand i-ust for considerable periods. It is possible, though expensive, to purify iron completely by  electricity, and electrolytic iron,  ns Jt is called, may before long be  common commercially.  Surface coats ,of protection are,  however, the favorite methods of  today, and many such coatings  have appeared lately. The latest  one is a metal coat that can be  applied on an iron or steel structure after it has been erected in  much the same way that paint is  applied. Finely powdered metals,  such as tin, lead or zinc, or all  three in proper proportion���������are  mixed in oil and painted on the  bridge or column or other structure that needs protection. Then  the painted surface is heated by  a hand torch or in whatever way  is most convenient .  The oil burns away, and the  powdered metal melts, but does  not run. As, the metal cools it  takes a tight grip on the iron  surface and forms a tin or alloy  coat, which stops rust.  The Sioux Indians formerly  had a conjurer's drum which they  called wakanchanchagha. It was  used on religious and ceremonial  occasions, had two heads frequently decorated with crude pictures of animals, and was beaten  with great vigor for the purpose  of appeasing the wrath of their  offended deities or of contributing to the recovery of the sick.  The law of nature is, "Do the  thing and you shall have. the  power, but they who do not the  thing have not the power.-'  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Supplies  ������\  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203paNGSWAY , J  ) J  j-VV-V *\ ���������  4      4    -  '  ,vX%X^ *,  Friday, October 29, 1915.  -    '      X -     '  r,   ��������� ' " I.  <.  . ���������������   ''    X V-  SPORTING COMMENT  War is on in hockey circles this  reek. The daily papers are full  _f stories from the east and the  rest regarding the battle. To a  reat n>any people it is. hard to  iderstand just what all the excitement is for.   For those who  jure not acquainted with hockey  latters a little explanation is in  irder:    Some years ago, when the  Patricks  established the Pacific  3oast Hockey Association an a-  Igreement   wa$ made   with   the  [eastern' association re the sign-  ling  of players.      Many   of the  {eastern   stars   were   anxious  to  jump  to  the  coast  league,  and  many of them actually did jump.  [After   the   first   season,   during  which  time a  three-club  league  was built up out this way, the  salaries of  players boomed. For  instance, Ernie Johnson was the  [property of   the   Wanderers of  I Montreal, to  whom  he   sold his  services for a stated period and  a stated sum. IJe was anxious io  come to the coast, ahd come he  did.    The same thing applies to  a number of others.     After, the  first fateful year the eastern club  owners   realized the   futility  of  bucking the Patrick league on the  salary basis, and a treaty of.  peace was signed by both league,  peace was signed by both leagues,  was given the privilege of drafting three players per season from  the eastern league, the balance of  players to come from Port Arthur  west. This was acceptable all  round, and matters went along  nicely for a time. After the first  year of hockey out here Lalonde,  who had been bought'by the Vancouver club, was turned over to  the Montreal club for Pitre for  a season. Later he was sold outright to the Canadians for $750.  This money was never paid. Taking advantage of the draft clause  in the agreement the coast league  drafted Tommy Smith, of Quebec,  but Smith did not report to the  coast. He played the same winter  with Tecumsehs of Toronto, in  direct violation of the terms of  the treaty. This received the ap  proval of the Eastern association under its .head, Emmett  Quinn. Qther matters have come  to light regarding underhand  tricks of the eastern magnates,  and President Frank Patrick, of  HANBURVS  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1070 '  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2183.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SJOTBTO4>.1i&S  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built. J)ocked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B.0.  the coast league, has decided to  cut the eastern association entirely until- they place a more truthful and business-like man at their  head. Quinn has played the  double game with the coast league, and hoodwinked the members  of his own association, and the  upshot of it all is the breaking  up of the peace pact between the  two leagues. What is to be  the result ? The probable returning of the famous Stanley Cup, to  trustees. The smashing of the  eastern hockey league. Already  the coast league is in touch with  a number of the eastern stars, and  it is quite probable that many  new faces will be seen % in the  lineups of the Pacific coast teams.  It is a safe bet that the eastern  magnates can not pay the prices  offered by the coast league, and  with no binding clause to prevent  them from signing up, the east  most certainly stands to suffer  this year. And all on account  of underhand, sneaky practices  by their head men. It is to be  hoped they will take the lesson  to heart before it is ^.too late.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Ernie Johnson has signed up  with the Portland club for the  season, and the "Moose" will be  seen in harness again. Johnson is one of the most effective  defence men in the game today,  and is a tower of strength to any  team. He has been unfortunate  since coming to the coast in the  number of accidents that have  come to him. However, his  friends, and they are many, wish  him good luck this season.  ��������� *��������� ���������   ���������  Portland are as yet without a  goal tender. It is rumored that  Holmes, of Toronto, is consider-;  ing making the jump to the coast  and may play between the posts  for. Portland.  Skinner Poulin will be back  with the Victoria team again this  winter.  -The composition of the Seattle  team is still a puzzle. No one except the managers have any idea  who will line up for the Metropolitans this winter, but it is a  safe bet that a team of real merit  will   be  ready when   the   hour  strikes.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Dunderdale is said to be a little reticent about signing up  for Portland. Dunderdale did not  by any means play up to form  last season, and it is no wonder  that Lester Patrick is \desirous  of changing him round a little.  Dunderdale is one of the best forwards on the circuit, but" when he  is not up to form he is worth  than useless to a team. He should  have a good year this winter, after his off year last season.  ��������� ���������   *  Willard McGregor, of Port  Arthur, has written Manager  Patrick, for a try out. He-is a  strong player and would make a  splendid utility man for any team.  His weight and size would be a  factor in carrying-him well towards an opponent's goal, and he  has the speed in addition. Manager Patrick is considering giving him a chance.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Irvine, the Winnipeg star, may  be seen on the' coast this year.  We understand Seattle is after  him, and if successful, they will  get a real star. Irvine has nev-,  er taken the professional plunge,  but is easily of professional class,  and it is hoped he may be induced to come out this way this year.  ��������� *   ���������  Cully Wilson and Foyston, of  Toronto, have been asked their  terms to come westward, as has  also the Denneny boys from Cornwall. Oh,, what a merry time  we will have with a four-team  league this year, and the pick of  the hockey world playing in this  league.  ��������� ���������   *  There is still a rumour from  Ottawa that Taylor will go east.  Taylor himself knows nothing of  it just now, and would regret ex-  ceedingly being transferred at the  present time." Taylor is in the  icivil service,, and is just as popular in that circle as he is in hoc  key circles.  Hamby Shore, of Ottawa, says  he is through with the game. He  has been with Ottawa practically  all his career with the exception  of a couple of seasons with the  Victorias of Winnipeg. He is one  of the best men in the defense  game, and was a running mate  of the late 'Hod'' Stuart of Ottawa.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Tommy Phillips and Mickey  Ion will be official referees again  this season, but an additional  pair will have to be selected as  LANS ACT  Vancouver Land District,' District of  Coast, Bang������ X.  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of ''Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest comer of  Indian Beserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Beserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  -. Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES L/CLABK,  B. O. Clark, Agent.  the result of the extra games in  the four-team league. There will  be two games each week which  ought to' provide enough sport  for the most ardent fan.  ��������� * *  Si Griffis is feeling young again  and is out for another year. Si  has still a bunch of hockey in  him, but be careful, old boy, and  don't go to. the well that "once  too often."  SYNOPSIS   OF   OOA1   MJKme  EMULATIONS  ,-*���������'  YOUR COUNTRY'S CALL  (Continued from page 3)  glory of mankind, and the loss of  which would cover earth as with  funeral pall, and, wrap it in  eternal gloom. We are fighting  for the overthrow of impious  pride and cruel oppression, and  for the final triumph of truth  and righteousness.  I see in imagination a stalwart host of young Canadians  marching as to war. The cause  they espouse should nerve their  arm and ennoble their character.  They will be X compassed about  Coal muring rights  of the  Dominion,  in  Manitoba,  Saskatchewan" and.  Alberta,   the   Yukon-   Territory,   the  North-west Territories ind in a portion  of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of',  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of tl an aere.   Not more than ifi&Q >  acres Will be leased to ene applicant.  Application   f0r   a  lease   most  be \  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or- Sub-Agent of the dis-  -  trict in whieh the rights applied for'  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must'  be   described   by   sections,   or   legal ,"  sub-divisions of sections," and in ;un-  surveyed  territory  the  traet  applied,  for shall be staked eut by the applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 whieh will be re*,  funded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall J>e paid oq the mer-  chantable output of the mine at .the  rate of five cents per ton..  The person Operating the mine shall,  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the fall quantity of  merchantable eoal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the eoal mining  rights are not being operated, sueh re- ''  turns should be furnished at least  once a year. -> '  The lease will inelude th* eeal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for. the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an aere.  For    full    information    application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot"  the  Department  of the Interior. Ot-'  tawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. COBY,  Deputy Ministet of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorised   publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  NAVIGABLE    WATEBS'  TION ACT  PBOTEO-  Notice is hereby given that the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners have  deposited with the Minister of vPublie  Works for the Dominion of Canada, as  endeavour, and from myriads on  earth the voice of suppliant  prayer will mingle in its ascent to  God with the shouts of conflict  and the shock of arms. If, when  peace has come again, they < return to the land they have left  behind, they will be greeted with  the welcome which befits those who  have done their duty; and if  they are called upon to lay tbe  sacrifice of their lives on the altar of freedom, their names will  be enrolled in the ranks of the  immortals, and their memory  cherished by generations yet unborn.  " Some interesting facts concerning the diet pf the oyster have  been discovered by the investigations of the English board of fisheries. The experts have found, for  instance, that the oyster is an exceptionally dainty feeder, living  almost exclusively on a vegetable diet. Seaweed and'the minute pine pollen of the water are  its staples. Tt dines, moreover,  only between 12 o'clock noon and  2 in the afternoon. During those  hours the oyster opens his shell,  permits the water to flow  through the feeding gill and expels it. The gill extracts the food  desired.  with  the Begistrar of Deeds  at',tke'.  Land Begistry Office, Vancouver, B. .C.'  % And -take notice mat' at the expira-V  tion of one' month from tbe date nere-'  of the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners will apply to the Governor-in-Coun-  cil of tbe Dominion  of Canada for  approval 'of said plans and for permission to build and construct said causeway.  The description by metes and bounds  of the site of the said causeway is as  follows:  All and singular that certain parcel  or tract of land or bed of the sea,  situate in False Creek and lying in  front of Granville Street in the City  of Vancouver, British Columbia, and  which ,may be more particularly described as follows:  Commencing at the intersection of  the southeasterly; ' side of Granville  Street, in District Lot 526, Group 1,  New "Westminster District, with the  high water mark of False Creek,  thence N. 43 degrees, 15 min. E-, and '  along tbe side of Granville Street produced Three Hundred and Ninety-Five  (395) feet, more or lesB, to intersect  the boundary of the foreshore parcel  granted to the Vancouver Harbour  Commission on April 13th* 1915, thence  N.-27 degrees 16-min.-W., and-along-  the boundary of the said parcel granted to the Vancouver Harbour Commission Eighty-four and Eighty-Six One  Hundredths (84.86) feet, thence 8. 49  degrees 15 min. W., and along the  Northwesterly side of Granville Street  produced Three Hundred and Ninety  (390) feet more or less, to the high  water mark of False Creek, thence  following along tbe high water mark  of False Creek south-easterly to the  point of commencement and containing  Seventy-Two One Hundredths (0.72)  acres, be the same more or less, and  which is shown on one of the plans  above referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 4th  day of October, A D., 1915.  W.   D.   HARVEE,  Secretary.  ON  BATS"   cisars   out  etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25e at drug and country  stores. tx  "BOUGH  rats,   miee,  *M%r*}A\2J*\������  - Ovw   VT.4.4J       ... -  ���������  LEGAL  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  K-i  required  by' Section 7,. Chapter < 115, - ..  of the Bevised Statutes fit Canada, descriptions of the site and plans of ���������;  v  CauBew'ay to be 'constructed in IWaeX,  ., ,,,.. ,-������ Creek, Vancouver,  B.  0., ae-aniap-X*  with a great cloud of witnesses   I proach to the Granville Street Mud  who watch their ���������W deed. ^^������������*^'������^'^S5V  and anticipate their final    vie- -   . .        - ���������   --     . .. ,   ,  tory.   The   heroes   of past days  will  seem to  share  their high  v  ���������VV, !&pS!$siNj������s^  ���������KSTci'.U^TTi^- ���������^^.3^.tiTC;;;^*^'^2_&-_L^'^^  i^������wr^&MW������^Mfl^.K-w;n*y*tf������*������^^  7 '  sxxs;  Sjllp  ^  ISVlv  K  I  I  !'  <4jt  ^������6������������^s?w*f'������44*4^Atii*n*4������������*w������*.^^  >:/'-  :.X^*  8  THE WESTERN  CALL  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  Capt. Warden, recently returned from the front, will speak ,at  the weekly luncheon of the, American club tomorrow  (Saturday).  Rev. A. E. Mitchell will address the North Vancouver High  School students this evening in  the new school on the north shore  at their annual autumn rally.  Much interest is being aroused  in police court circles this week  atvthe trial of G. M. Murray, of  the Chinook vs. Reeve Gold. As  yet the" case is not settled.  ~~  The city council has appointed  a committee with the object of  interviewing the Bj. C. E. R. in  the matter of the reduction in the  cost of electric light.  The annual Y. M. C. A., competition for the Paterson trophy  was inaugurated this week. Last  year the New Westminster institution won the trophy after a  spirited contest.  Miss Gladys McLean, daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. Alex. McLean,  10th avenue Nvest, has been attached to the nursing staff of the  Duchess of Connaught Hospital at  Cliveden.  ^CHQIR RECITAL  A meeting- under the auspices  of the Canadian clubs will be  held in the Vancouver Hotel on  Monday evening to welcome returned soldiers who are asked to  be present.  Mr. G. Jardine, manager of the  East End branch of the Royal  Bank, has gone' to Australia on  a holiday trip. He will spend four  months at Honolulu; New Zealand  and Australia in order to benefit  his health. Mr. G. H. Stevens, as-'  ..sistant inspector, will fill the position of manager in Mr. Jar-  dine's absence.  1 The moving picture drama,  "The Spoilers," by Rex Beach,  has been ruled out by the censor  for British Columbia. The drama  has appeared throughout, the  east and received a splendid reception. A large sum ofinoney  was spent in preparing the production.  A very large audience greeted  the choir of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church last evening in the  opening recital of the season. The  choir of fifty voices was in splendid form* and surpassed themselves in the choral numbers. Miss  Margaret McCraney, the noted  violinist, was heard in several  delightful selections, and while it  was her first appearance in this  church, it certainly will not be  the last. Miss McCraney is without doubt a distinguished artist  in her line, and her rendition of  difficult numbers was a revelation  to, the audience which thoroughly  appreciated her efforts.  Mrs. James McNeill, a member  of the choir, contributed several  readings in capital fashion. Mrs.  McNeill won the gold medal at  the Lynn Valley festival in June  last for elocution, and the award  of the judges in that instance was  borne out in her contributions  of last evening. Her rendition of  "The Bells" was splendid.  Miss Hilda   Crofts,   tlie   well  known soprano was heard to-ad-  Mt. Pleasant Y. P. S. 0. E.  The above society held their  regular meeting after -the evening service on Sunday. The topic,  "The Way in Which God Wants  to be Thanked,"- was taken by  Miss I. Caspell and Miss M. Story,  both leaders giving splendid papers. A solo by Miss Gladys Wallace and one by Mr. Bennie  Crann was much appreciated. The  topic for next Monday is "Tasks  That are Waiting for the Church  of Christ," and will be taken by  Mr. Alex. Moore and Mr. Glen  son Nixon.  Friday,   October , 29, 1915.'  Eighteen Years of Good Servid  To the citizens of Vancouver has been amply repaid by' their continued pi  ronage��������� making this packing, moving, t storing and shipping business tl  largest in Western Canada. "Fireproof Storage and Silver Vaults," remove  m modern "Car Vans," expert packing and shipping at cut rates, saving fr.  25 per cent,  to 45 per cent, in  freight charges.   See US:���������  "WE KNOW HOW"        ' _  Campbell$torace(ompany!  Oldest and Largest in WESTEffr-H^ANADA  vantage, as was also Miss Wallace  Mr. J. H. Pawcett, formerly of  Pawcett and McCannell, real estate, 777 Broadway east, has acquired 'the retail tea and coffee  business of ,Mr. J.. Kirk, with  headquarters in the Lee block,  and has taken charge. Mr. Faw-  cett solicits the patronage, of his  friends.  The .Students' Council Execu-  tive, the executive body of the  Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia, have  elected the following officers: President, .Mr. Sherwood Lett (chosen by the students at large); secretary, Mr. J. S. Johonnsen; vice-  president, Miss I. McMillan; treasurer, Mr. T. S. H. Sherman; assistant secretary. Miss E. Storey.  The undergraduates will entertain the freshmen of the university' at a reception to be held at  the University Buildings on Friday, November 5th.  BSTABI4SHBD 1886'  Ceperley, RowwefelJ & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS ^ INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent.' to, 7 perN cent. N  Bents and Mortgage Interests collected.       ** X,  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates manag-1  ed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Em-  ;       ployers'* "Liability.  l^oison's Hank JtoiWtuc.  648 BMttogs Ut Wtil  and Mr. Wrenall, in duet work  Mr. J. S. Pearse was in good voice  and was well received." The Ladies ' Quartette added more laurels in their numbers and proved  themselves capable vocalists.  Miss Nellie Duthie and Miss  Craigen took the solo parts in  the choral numbers.  The choir of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church is entirely a voluntary organization, and mucht  credit should he given to Mr. L.  R. Bridgman, the conductor^ for  the manner in which this choir  renders high class musical numbers. It is expected that several recitals will be held during the  winter months. ' The entertainment was free to all, a collection  o   <> .  being taken, part of the proceeds of which will be devoted  to Red Cross Funds.  There are not very many cases  on record in Canada as'yet where  an entire family has been cleaned up of its male members by the  recruiting officer, but this is the  ease with the Bartlett family of.  Lethbridge. The parents of this  family of former Kentishmen  have, given their four sons to the  colors, ,a8 well as four sons-in-  law, and they are left at home  alone while their boys are left on  active service.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rtanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhangin&and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St.  uver, B.C.  ADOPT RESOLUTIONS  ARMSTRONG, MQRWSQN & CO.  .LIMITED '       _/-_ _.  ^^^^T^^~^PT-t!*_  , _, ,   Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 8W45 Bower BuiWtog .  s ���������  . . . ' ,   ���������   '���������. .'..'.'*���������.-��������� ���������    '        .������������������''��������� ��������� '-  ,....������������������'���������. X -. X.      '���������   " "J  Seymour 1836  v-ANoomnsB Canada  WOOD .  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL" v  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  AU kinds of .WiU Wood x  Phone: Fair. 1554  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving:  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Social Service Council Endorse  fcefonus  Resolutions, were passed at the  quarterly meeting of the Social  [Service* Council last evening asking that a number of reforms be  instituted in civic by-laws, and  Dominion statutes that shall have  for their object the betterment  of the city.  The resolutions were:  1. That the city * by-laws be  amended to make it compulsory  for rooming" houses to provide a  parlor or place for entertainment  where young women living in  these places may be able to take  their friends.-  2. That the hour of 11 p.m: be  the latest at which young women  and girls shall be permitted to be  employed in restaurants, cafes,  fruit stands, etc.  3. That the age be raised from  16 to 18 years where keepers of  lodging houses are required to  report the registry of minors to  the police officials.  j 4. That white girls be prevented from working in restaurants  and other places conducted by  Orientals, Greeks and other . foreigners.  5. That there be a properly  qualified public defender in the  'police court who can look after  interests of accused persons who  are unable through lack of means  to provide counsel" of their own.  It was pointed out that a defender was needed as well as a prosecutor.  6. The reappointment of a woman inspector for rooming  houses.  7. Proposed changes in the  rooming-house bylaw.  8. That the' practice of cash  bail be discontinued as wrong and  detrimental to the interests of  justice;"that the skipping of bail  for certain offences is wrong and  should be followed up for the  purpose of making offenders pay  penalty for sueh an offence as  well as for the original ��������� offence.  The C. P. B. has decided to institute a system of badges for the  purpose of indicating length of.  service of employees and to inculcate a pride iii service records.  Passenger conductors for 15  years' service will be allowed to  wear a gold bar on the left arm  of their uniform with an extra  bar for each additional five years'  service. Trainmen, brakemen, porters and other uniformed employees will wear silver bars. Conductors on sleeping cars will be  entitlpd to wear the gold bar for  the first  ten years  service.  South Vancouver/ Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of POTJLTBY SUPPLIES, HAT, OBAHT,  chop, no.  Vernon Feed Co.  40TB AMD FRAIDJB  (Branch fton Mt Pleasant)  WE STAND FOB QUALITY, SERVICE   AHD   LOW   PBIOBS  Messrs. Wood & Son,, the pioneer shoe merchants of North  Vancouver, have closed out their  business on the north shore, and  have leased the premises near the  corner of Main and Seventh ave.,  formerly occupied by Dow, Fraser & Co. Their opening day'will  be on Monday next,-and a gigantic sale will be in full swing  for a time. Those in need of  footwear would do well tp call  in and see them, as the bargains  are certainly marvellous. Quality  has always been their slogan, and  they guarantee to make a try-out  customer a steady patron. -Try  them and watch for posters.  Bolt for.  Wb&r.'.Sfrlq.,  &Coio{b������t|  CBTOG8 SERVICES  Sunday services will be held  inMt. Pleasant as follows X  Mt. Pleasant Methodist���������Rev.  Dr. Sipprell, pastor, will preach  at both services. Morning subject, "Darkness and Light";  evening subject, "The Invisible  Presence."  Ruth Morton Memorial Baptist  Church, Cor. 27th and Pr. Albert.  ���������A continuation of the anniversary services. Evening service,  will be a Baptismal Service. The  following Sunday morning Sacrament will be dispensed. Rev. J.  W. Litch, pastor.  St. Michael's Anglican, Cor. of  Broadway and Pr. Edward Sts.  The annual Harvest Festival Services will be held morning and  evening. Ven. Archdeacon Heath-  cote will officiate at both services.  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian���������The  pastor, Rev. A. E. Mitchell, will  speak on "Church Union" in the  morning and on "The Call of the  New Day to the Old Church" in  the evening. Strangers welcome.  British Coiowbi*  Remember Thi* About  Reekie*' Boofe mi4 Shoot  They are being manufactured to  build up good will among those  who wear them by a British Col  umbia concern which intends to  operate and grow in British Columbia;, therefore, ,to put any but the"  . very best of material and work-'  manship into /Lecfcie Boots and  Shoes would be business suicide. So  Protect Yourself -by Befusing Substitutes. Look for 'the name Jjecfcta.  See that you get JiecWe'S.  North Vancouver ferry committee had a problem on their hands  this week. One of the captains on  the ferry boats is a German, and  the council had. an argument as  to the advisability of dismissing  him, but the nays were stronger  than the yeas, and the captain  still holds his job.  /  "/Why,"   asked   the   domestic]  economy .expert, "do you-notuse-  up all your stale rolls in making  a toothsome 'dessert ? " \  "Because," replied the housekeeper, with dignified reserve, "I  did not raise my bread to be a  pudding."  Mr. N. W. Rowell is emphatically right when he. says that  Canada in raising less than- two  per cent of her total population  is not doing her full duty. And  raising two per cent is a very  different thing from putting that  number in the battle line. The  Dominion has only one-fourth of  her 160,000 men actuafly at the  front.  The Terminal City Press, publishers of the Western Call, have  a thoroughly up-to-date printing  plant. Large or small orders of  printing promptly attended to.  Philanthropist (wha has just  4ropp*ed a penny in the cup)���������"I  imagine you have many disap-  pointments and ,. discouragements?"  Mendicant���������"Yessum; that is  the fourth one to-day. *"  The Professor���������"Humph! Dear  me, I gave that young man two  courses on the cultivation of the  memory, and he's gone away  and forgot to pay me, and I  can't for the life of me remember the fellow's name. How provoking."  A DETACHMENT OF B. C. HOBSE


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