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The Western Call 1915-11-05

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 Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  T. J. Kearney        -  J M.McIntjn������  Funeral Director  T. J. Kearney t Co.  Ft-tunl   Dlractoxs  aad BbImIbbws.  1 At your serviee dar and  night.  Moderate charge*.  802 Broadway Wert  Pbone: Pair. 1088  .VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,     FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 5. 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 26  HOW THE RUSSIAN l&^LY  1 WAS 'VTRAYED    */\  FOR A LONG TIME there have bt'^rumours  in London that some of the disasters to'Ihe Russian Army were due to traitors in the camp. The >  Daily Chronicle Paris correspondent now sends a  detailed story with the satisfactory ending that  the traitors have been hanged.  Hanging for High Treason  The papers have published full details, drawn  from the Russian press, of the sensational espionage affair in Russia, writes this correspondent.  Hitherto all that has been announced is the  handing for high treason of Lieutenant-Colonel  Maissaiedoff and a large number of his accomplices and the sentencing to hard labour of Baron  Grothus and von Frienat.  *,  , The chief conspirator was Lieutenant-Colonel  Ivanoff Miassaiedoff. For a long period he had '  had a high position in the gendarmery, and as  such was an important personage. The Russian  gendarmery has quite a peculiar position; it corresponds in some ways*to our Scotland Yard.  But, - as the Petit Journal puts it, it is endowed with enormous���������almost unlimited���������powers,  and is subjected to virtually no control.  Traitors in High Circles  The officers of the gendarmery are recruited  from among the cleverest officers of the army;  and Miassaiedoff was a man of quite exceptional  ik brilliancy; he spoke English, French and German as if they were his native languages; he  I knew everybody, and mixed in the highest sobriety, to which his elegance of manner and talents  r recommended him.  Up to the outbreak of the war.it had heen his  special duty to watch over the personal safety  of the Tsar. He then asked 'to' be' attached to  the general military headquarters, urging that  a constant surveillance was necessary for the pro-,  tection of the Grand Duke Nicholas. The Tsar  j granted tlie' request and transferred this high  '(police official, ordinarily attached to his own  person,   to the Commander-in-Chief.  Espionage Wakes a Game of War  A dramatic story is told of the discovery of  his treason. After the fighting on the Yser certain memoranda were found on the body of a  Bavarian officer.  There were phrases that indicated the presence  of a spy in the very heart of-the Allied General Staffs, such as, 'We have been victorious,  thanks to our wonderful system of information,'  or 'Our marvellous informant has greatly facilitated our task. With him the war becomes a  mere game.'   -  These notes were sent to French headquarters.  General Pau at that time was just setting out  on his visit to Russia. He was told to acquaint the Grand Duke with this discovery.  'You tell me nothing that I did not know  before,' said the Russian Commander-in-Chief.   'I  am fully aware that we . were being betrayed;  but by whom?   That is what we have to find  ' out'xVX .' xx'x'; ���������. .  Thereupon a 'fake' -military order was drawn  tip. Care was taken that it should be communicated only to a small group of people who were  already suspect. The expected result happened. Germany at puce showed a knowledge of  the order and took military action in consequence.  The Spies Trapped  The spies had fallen into the trap. It only  remained to, put the suspects under rigorous  cross-examination. Lieutenant-Colonel Miassaiedoff was among them. His only thought was  for his own skin, and he volunteered to make  certain revelations if only the Grand Duke would  spare his, life.  No promise was made, but, under pressure,  he admitted his guilt and betrayed the names iof  his accomplices.  For ten years he had been irr the pay>of Germany. He had kept Berlin informed of everyr  thing that was happening or about to happen  to Russia, and there were few -men in the empire who were in such a position to "know. Russia had no secrets, military or political; from"  \l her western neighbor. The traitor's pay corresponded to the value of his treason, and amq;unted  over the whole period to ,some millions of roubles, of which a very small fraction went to his  subordinate agents.    '������������������"X.* ..:;.'.'  It is said (though this does not appear in his  confession) that Miassaiedoff held back an order  that should have reached General Rennenkempf  for twenty-four hours; and by so doing saved-t-he-  (Continued'  on   Page   4)  THE UNSPEAKABLE TURK  THE BRITISH IMPERIAL AUTHORITIES  have been guilty of two great errors in modern  times���������the opium traffic of China, and the Turkish policy. '  Time and again we have had it in our power  to put the Turk where he could not exercise his  brutal policies, but' have failed to do it���������we  vi ere too humane. We spared the Turk so that  he could cruelly massacre the Armenians. We  kept him alive as a race so that he might become  a plastic substance in the hands of the Kultured  German. We now discover that a people has  arisen who out-turks the Turk���������more cruel���������  more diabolical���������-more skilled in crome���������more "  damnably clever in its execution���������to join with-  him in his carnival of horrors, and, instead of  extirpating Armenian villages, the Turco-German  alliance is proceeding systematically to extirpate the Ancient Armenian race. What will  the  Yankees  do? ������  SIR CHARLES TUPPER  IN THE PASSING AWAY of Sir Charles -  Tupper on Saturday last in England, Canada  loses one of its best friends, its ablest statesmen  and its pioneers. The late' Sir Charles Tupper  was the last surviving member of the government  of Canada which promoted Confederation. He  knew the people of Canada and all their peculiarities, and was during his term of office, an exceedingly able statesman. For years he was prominent in Canadian politics. His name was known  to the school boys of half a century 'ago, and  his memory will long remain green in the hearts  of the citizens of the land he loved so well.  Sir Charles Tupper was a man of outstanding ability, of tremendous personal charm, and  of true and lasting friendship. He had reached  the grand old age of 94 years, and had earned  the rest which comes to those who cross life's  last stream. Long will his influence be felt in  the affairs of this great land "of promise. To the  deceased statesman we owe much, more than we,  can ever repay. His life was a revelation of  geniality, and his example in his political activities is deserving of a large following. The remains left Liverpool today for Canada, and will  be interred in Nova Scotia.  WHY THE FLEET WAS READY  A RENUNCIATION OF THE FOX  FERDINAND, OF BULGARIA, is a grandson of Louis Philippe, the last Prince of the  House of Orleans to rule over France. He has  always maintained close relations with his mother's family,-the members of which Avere rather  proud of his achievements, and inclined to the  belief that he would go far. But the Fox of the  Balkans has gone too far for his kinsmen of the  House of Orleans. His cousin, the Due of Hont-  pensier, has disowned him in one of the most  scorching telegraphic messages on record. Here it  is:  "Cousin���������Three years ago, after your victories over the Turks, I sent $>*ou iny warm congratulations. I was proud of the relationship  between us, I followed with pride the progress  of what you yourself termed the-��������� Holy Crusade,'  and I divined your soul's secret ambition to  make your charger's hoofs ring upon the steps  of St. Sophia of Constantinople.  To-day. bursting outrageously the ties of gratitude which bind,you to Russia, who set Bulgaria free, betraying the national aspirations of  your people, you, a Prince of French blood, throw  yourself into the arms of those very Turks, your  enemies of yesterday, who have now become in  addition the, enemies of France. Given the  choice between, the; generous and noble soul of  France shedding her blood in defence of I her  threatened homes, between those glorious Allies  generously fighting for the noblest of causes,  that of the liberty of the peoples; and the  bands of barbarians, pillagers, assassins, and traitors, your degenerate heart is drawn towards the  latter.     . .' '  x"' f  >'���������  Your saintly mother, my aunt Clementine,  daughter of a King of Franee, and herself- a  faithful Frenchwoman; your uncles, those noble,  unsullied soldiers, VOrleans,- Aumalej Nemours,  and Chartres, if -they hear the earth's uproad,  must rise in their graves to hurl their curse in  your face. V V.        ���������  And I, -who so often sent you my affectionate and loving wishes, especially on your name  day, which is mine* also���������I, who saw in you a son  of France doing honor to his house, disown you  now.   I know you no more; I abandon you to  your  apostasies, your remorse,  your Turks and  your Bosches! v      . \    .  Ferdinand of Orleans, Duke of Montpensier.  * MR. CHURCHILL'S refusal to comment on  Prince Louis of Battenberg's revelation is probably born (says the London correspondent of  the "Yorkshire Post") on the coution insisted  on by the Prime Minister ("Number One" as  his colleagues call him), as the result of the  Lloyd George-Haldane trouble. It is not like Mr.  Churchill to hold his tongue when there is .something to say, particularly when, as in this case,  only half the truth has so far been told. But the  Prime Minister has let his colleaguse know his  views that, -in all matters of controversy just  now, silence is golden, and there exists a sort  of censorship among ministers which, while it  may be galling at times, is all in the public in-  , terest. The credit of having the fleet ready when  it was wanted will be apportioned in good -time;  but that time is not yet. '  CONDITIONS IN AUSTRIA  THE FOLLOWING LETTER indicates the  serious condition facing the people of the Teutonic Allies. The information contained in this  letter is absolutely correct, coming direct from  Austria in private correspondence and is a clear  _ indication of the dire straits in which the  people of that country find themselves. The  prices quoted are .what is commonly known as  - "famine" prices, and corroborates the official  news items coming from Berlin and other German cities, by which we learn that on v certain  days of. each week no meat is allowed to be con-,  sumed, and wheat flour is now at a premium. , \  ��������� We can truthfully say that this war of attrition is working out successfully for the entente  allies: ,-  Gruzane, Austria, Sept. 5, 1915.    .  I give you an idea of our harvest and our  -poor existence here.- The wheat is of a poor  quality on account of being altogether too wet.  ^t-Vhe grapes are had, potatoes-plenty and our living in general a poor one. Imagine ourselves in  conditions as we are being obliged to get flour  from the city with only 6 lbs. of corn per head  and 1-2 lb. at 25c. Can you imagine yourself  with a living of this kind when a pound of lard  is $1,00, a pint of oil 90c and shoes are scarce  for if you have a friend to get a pair for, a lady  you have to pay ,$10.00 and for a pair of men's  shoes .$14.00. Mind you, 1 lb. of rice, $1.20, and  wheat flour 70c lb.  GERMANY SORELY PRESSED  A NEUTRAL just returned from residence  in Germany has giyen out the information that  internal conditions there are much worse thaii\  imagined outside. The food prices are causing  really serious trouble. The recent food riots in  Berlin were ugly manifestations of the spirit,  among the people, especially the dependents of  soldiers. Women attacked the police; many  Avere injured as Avell as many arrested before the  riot was quelled .  Soldiers' dependents have only 14 marks a  Aveek allowance, while butter is four "marks a  pound, meat'three, Avith other provisions proportionately dear. A state food monopoly, this observer said, is surely coming, but the authorities  are delaying it oAving to the alarm it Avould  cause.  The papers contain nothing but reports of  great victories, but the people are suspicious  about the official news, asking how, if all these  great -victories are being achieved, the Avar  shoAvs no sign of ending and the enemy -will have  nothing to do Avith peace proposals..  In Saxony and Bavaria the depression is particularly severe and the discontent most open.  The Balkan campaign no relief; on the contrary,  there is much apprehension about sending the  German armies away into the unknown, Avhen  the pressure on the French and Russian fronts  may, be renewed any day.   ���������  Speaking of the peace speculations based on  the Kaiser's long .interview, -with Ambassador  Gerard, it was stated that the Kaiser had not  been putting forward  peace suggestions.   .  It was much more likely he had been telling  Gerard, as representing the belligerents' interests  that Germany cannot be accountable  for the proper keep of. the war prisoners throughout the-winter. This method of pressure on the  'allies has been discussed for some time in Germany. Avhere the people demand that if there be  a food shortage, it shall . be ��������� felt first by the  enemy prisoners.  Optimism is still the order of the day in official circles, but doesn't exist to any extent outside.  RUSSIAN INTELLECTUALS REPLY  TO THE BRITISH PEOPLE  At the end of last year a  manifesto- from  leading British authors was addressed to their  colleagues in Russia on the war, attesting their .  sympathy and support.  A reply has now been received from Russia  in the form of an address to the British people,  signed by all the leading men of letters, artists  and composers in Russia, a very notable list  of names. , ���������-'  The address is as follows:  At the GroBsways  In these days, when an event of. highest importance^���������the brotherly meeting of two nations '  at the cross-way of the universal fates and their  union in the common strife for Europe's liberation���������is sealed for ever in the memory of man-,  kind with the blood of our valorous warriors,    !-  faithful sons of Britain and Russia���������in  these  days you, our British brothers in the vast domain '    '  of art and thought, have addressed to us touching and perspicacious words of warm greeting,  which  have deeply  penetrated our  hearts and  will never be forgotten.  You have told us how highly you esteem the  work of our masters���������Dostoievsky, Tolstoy, Tour-  gheneff���������and how their spirit is near and dear  to you.   We are proud of this your acknowledgment and appreciation, for their fire is the holy ���������  fire of our family hearth. But you have express-   '  ,ed more than your respect for their personal v  deeds; in their genius you have discerned fea-x "  tures of our national character.   You have peneX  trated the very substance of their creative force >, -  which we, too, look upon as a criterion of onr A 7  faithfulness to the  great and living tradition.>X  As essential propertied- or tendencies of the'Rus-? V  sia nsoul, you have noted the*'deeply human: ,  feeling,' the searching of the whole truth]aid.  equity, the neglecting of lower material values, * ��������� -  for the sake of spiritual value*. We, indeed,  k  believe that never shall Russia recognise tfsfefr*  OAvn anything in the sphere of art and thought  which does not bear witness  to this . spiritual  thirst.  But now hoAV are we in our turn to express  our gratitude for all that we have received from  the soul of your nation ?   Hoav shall we gather up  this gratitude, which is widely dispersed among'  us   and keenly   felt, even   though   not yet uttered���������this feeling of affectionate recognition in  which many Russian generations have grown up?    >  The genius of your people revealed to us, with  ardent force and audacity, the infinite heights '  and depths of human nature, and all the secrets  of the human heart through many representative  spirits, and, above all,  through him, the great  searcher of hearts, Shakespeare.  Your country, one of the oldest centres of  European ciA'ilization, your people, Avho have  taught freedom to all the Avorld, have always  been, and will continue to be, the object of  our study and admiration. We observe with joy  the mystery of your unique and original national  personality, Which you have put atthe service  of all humanity, and all the secrets of your refined culture, Avhich do. hot.'however,: alter the candid and majestic outlines of nature and the es-X  sential truth of the human heart. We feel a  complete solidarity with you Avhen Ave see your  inward independence which always rejects the  merely conventional forms, realizing the perfect co-ordination of the commonwealth���������when  Ave discern your continual search for some higher  and nobler aims than outAvard culture only, that  search and effort which can be clearly perceived through the complex construction of your  life as a whole. .  ��������� The'"very substance of your being js the principle of perfect harmony between man's will and  his deeds, betAveen thought and action. Noav,  therefore, in the struggle'of truth and justice  against falsehood and iniquity you once more  prove by your acts that you stand in defence  of the right and of humanity, and once more  you teach respect for the sanctity  of freedom.  Filled, as Ave are, Avith; the sense that Ave are  entering upon a new-epoch, Ave desire that on  the termination of the military exploits of both  the countries we may cement .our union in the  closest of friendships. Let us" hope that, the union, entered upon for better or Avorse, will bring  about a many-sided, actiA'e interchange, Avhieh  opens to us unbounded horizons, A\'ill contribute  to the realization-of the supreriie ideals of universal good. Accept this testimony of our gratitude and true friendship.  X1  Ma  '**.-������ pOt .  A National ministry has been formed in New  Zealand consisting of five government and five  Opposition members. /f  Friday, November 5,1915.  Address by Hon. J. D. Haaen, K.  C, LL.D.. M.D., Minister of  Marine and Fisheries and Minister of the Naval Service.  The following address Avas delivered at the luncheon of the directors, of the Canadian National  Exhibition, Toronto, on "Fisheries Day," September 3rd, 1915:  The history of the Canadian  Fisheries is full of interest and  adventure. Indeed in it, is in a  Marge measure, bound up the early  history_of the northern portion of  this continent.  Fishing may properly be classed amongst the ancient and honourable callings. It was a comparatively old means of earning a  livelihood in the days of Our Saviour, and it was from amongst  the fishermen that He drew His  most illustrious Disciples. At that  time the gill-net and grad-seine  were used in a considerable way  to supply fish to the inhabitants  of the towns and cities of the  Holy Land lying around and in  ,the vicinity of the lakes.  There seems to be no record of  when nets were first used, and  there may be something in the  opinion that it was the spider's  web that first suggested to reasoning men the idea of capturing  -fish in a similar contrivance.  No doubt the earliest fishing  ventures were confined< to -the  lakes and rivers, and it was only  as the demand for fish increased  and the supplies in these waters  were-not adequate to meet the  need, that fishermen began to  venture forth to sea.N  In the early days, owing to lack  of .proper transportation facilities, it was impossible to supply  fresh fish to the markets at any  considerable^ distance from the  coasts. Hence the necessity for  curing arose.  The fact that the.codfish dried  in the sun and air, makes,,a pal-  atable and nourishing food that  can be sent any distance from the  sea-coast, was early learned, and  almost immediately following thei  acquiring of this knowledge,  boats began to venture farther  seaward in search of fish.  As early as the 12th Century,  the. hardy Basque (from the Bay  of Biscay)  and Norse fishermen  were faring forth in their small  unwieldy boats as far. as Iceland,  and it is claimed by some historians that even before the discovery of this continent hy Columbus, these fishermen had visited the coasts of what are now  known' as Newfoundland and the  Gulf of St. Lawrence, and English fishermen soon followed their  lead. In any event, in the 14th  Century, English fishermen had  come as far Avestward as Iceland, and following the discovery of the North American coast  by the Cabots, they, almost immediately, extended their operations to the shores of what are  now knoAvn as Newfoundland, the  Maritime provinces and the State  of. Maine. In those early days,  foreigners called these countries  by the generic name "Baccalaos"  ���������the land of dried codfish.  Indeed, it may be said that the  first and chief result of the discovery of North America, was the  immediate establishment of a  great fishery.  "In all ages of the world, the  fishery has been the mother of  commerce and the parent of navigation, and it was the cod fishery,  first pursued at Iceland and later on the coasts of North America, that made English sailors,  and that made Britain a great  maritime power. DeWitt says  that The'navy of England became formidable by the discovery  of the inexhaustibly rich'fishing  banks of Newfoundland."  Extent aad Value of the  Fisheries  Canada is blessed with an inexhaustible fish supply. Indeed, our  fisheries are the most extensive  in the world. In addition to such  famous fishing banks as tbe Georges, Rbseway, Lahave, JJanquero,  Misaine,-- Sable Island, the Grand  Banks, and many others adjacent  to our Atlantic coast, we have  on that seaboard, without taking  into account the smaller bays and  coves, about five thousand miles  of seaboard, practically every  mile of which is stocked with excellent food fish, and the Avhole  length of it is dotted with .harbours and coves from which the  fishermen can carry on their calling with  comparative  ease  and  "'PUNCH* ANP  PERSUASION  Putting the'"puncb" into an argument Is a fine art; but  putting persuaaion into it is a liner one.  Tbe "punch" is epigrammatic, militant, moving���������but is  likely to be crude, angular, ungraceful.  Persuasion, vbUe not so dramatic by half, is amootbly,  logically convincing���������and permanent  We prefer to persuade people of the merits of our service.  Conviction through persuaaion discount* future misunderstandings.  Hastings and Carrall Sts.  Phone 8eyr .5000"  "Pride of the West"  BRANDf  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  .-'''������������������'   /    X  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money.'-1  safety. Off the Pacific coast we  have by far the richest and largest halibut fishery ia the world.  The deep seas there are also  stocked with many other excellent varieties of food fish, and  along the, shore line there are  over seven thousand miles of  coast waters into which flow such  large glacier-fed , rivers as the  Fraser, Skeena, Naas and others, up which every year swarm  countless thousands of five different varieties of salmon.  In addition to our sea fisheries,  we have over 220,000 sq. miles of  fresh waters, most of which are  abundantly stocked with excellent fish, the supply ot which is  being kept up by our hatcheries.  The annual value of the fisheries now runs from about $31,-  000,000 to about $34,000,000, depending on the extent of the salmon run to the Pacific rivers. In  the Fraser river, there is a big  run every four years, and in the  three succeeding years the run  to that river is on a sliding scale.  The approximate total marketed value of all kinds of fish, fish  products and marine, animals taken by Canadian fishermen from  the sea and inland rivers and  lakes during the fiscal year ended March 31, 1915, amounted to  $31,$57,550. The value of the  fisheries bf each province is as  follows: ��������� i,  British Columbia ..$11,487,312  Nova Scotia      7,730,191  New  Brunswick   ..   4,940,983  Ontario    2,600,000  Quebec        1,924,430  P. E. Island     1,261,666  Manitoba       825,417  Saskatchewan         132,017  Alberta          86,659  Yukon          69,775  Of this amount the sea fisheries  contributed $27,170,483 and the  inland fisheries $3,887,067.  The fishing industry now gives  employment to almost 94,000  people, over 84,000 of these being  engaged in the sea fisheries.   ���������  To carry on the fisheries, 282  steam vessels, 1,236 sailing , and  gasoline vessels, 431 carrying  smacks and 38,058 boats are employed. Of the boats, 9,261. are  now fitted with gasoline engines.  There is now invested in fishing gear, vessels, etc., about $24;-  500,000, over $22,000,000 being  invested in the sea fisheries.  While the fisheries are now one  of the industries of first importance to the country, their present  value and importance are~merely  an index .of what they can and  >yiir be Inade in the~next~~few  years. %  While it is true that the fisheries are now worth from $31,-  000,000 to $34,000,000 annually,  and not so many years ago their  value was less than $20,000,000,  the fact remains that this increase is practically" altogether  due to the phenomenal development of the salmon and halibut  fisheries of the Pacific coast and  of the fresh-water 'fisheries.  Now, what is the cause of this  non-progression in the Atlantic  fisheries? It certainly is not due  to ariy failure or shortage in the  supply, nor to the necessity of  going greater distances' to make  catches, nor to the need of. considerable capital to engage in the  industry. The supply of fish in  our waters is as great as it ever  was, and the fact that' in the  European waters, -Where fishing is  so intensively prosecuted by all  the countries bordering thereon,  during every month in the year,  there is no sign of depletion, is  an evidence that we have little  to fear in that direction.  The whole difficulty in Canada,  is the question of demand. The  great bulk of the fish on the Atlantic coast is being sold ni; a  salted, and dried condition. The  market for such fish is limited,  and is being adequately supplied  each year; but Canada itself  should afford an exceedingly  large and continuously growing  market for the products of the  fishermen.  We live in the north temperate  zone, where fish are in greater  abundance and of better quality  than in the southern waters, and  where, consequently, they should  form an important portion of the  daily food supply of the people.  That the day is coming, when  such will be the case, and when  there will be a steady and rapid  growth of the fishing industry, is  evidenced by the development  that has taken place in recent  years' in the fresh and mildly-  cured fish business in this country.  This will be referred to later  on; but it may be here stated,  that while, this development has  been a rapid one, it is merely a  fraction of what there is room  for.  It is not surprising that in this  new country, with its unsurpassed agricultural resources, and,  until recently, with butcher's  meat readily available in all  portions of it at moderate prices,  there has been little demand,  away from the immediate water  fronts, for fish; but a result of  this condition, is that the Canadian-born population has grown  up without a taste for fi3h, and  what is worse, with little v knowledge of our fisheries and of the  value of fish as food. Even more  unfortunate, is the fact that  comparatively few housewives  have learned how to cook fish so  as to make it attractive and  tasty, and at the same time to  maintain, and, what may. be readily done, even enhance its' food  value.  Canada is now face to face  with the problem of a meat shortage. The settlement of these portions of the prairies, which in  past years, formed vast . cattle  ranches, and at the same time  the increase in the value of. grain,  has made cattle raising for meat  purposes on the small farm, a difficult problem. At such a time,  it is of incalculable value to the  country to be able to turn to its  waters'to make up/the shortage  and to find there an inexhaustible supply of excellent nitrogenous food, to be had for the  .catching.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  .  Light and Heavy  Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and  Valises always  . on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.       ~  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.        *  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  flwkhie  BUTTERNUT  BREAD  ich as  Butter*  Sweet as  A Not-  5c  FULL  POUND  LOAF  You can be SURE it is Good  if it's Butter-Nut.  Richest purest ingredients ONLY enter into  SHELLY'SN BUTTER-NUT BREAD. Nothing  adulterated, nothing cheapened.' You can rest  assured you are getting the^best if you insist  on  having  BUTTER-NUT bread  delivered to you daily or purchased from your  grocer. Be sure you get BUTTER-NUT.  Fairmont 44.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  -Bakers of popular 4X Bread.        Fairmont 44.  \  is an economical source of the  energy they require to. enable  them to carry on their work, and  it furnishes the very, materials  that children and young persons  need to enable them to grow  healthy and strong.  How much more economical it  is as a supplier of the bodily  needs than meat, keeping in  view  the  price  that  has  to  be  paid for each, is little appreciat-  It is of the utmost importance Led. Without going into the analy-  at such a timeXthat peoP^  should speedily become inform^  ed of "the excellency of fish as a  food, as well as of its palatabil-  ity, and of , the fact' that with  the transportation facilities now  available, it is quite practicable  to lay fresh fish, smoked fish, etc.,  ^owiXin pra^^lliy"air^i^=^  the country in as good condition  as when shipped from the starting point. A  There seems to be a widespread opinion that fish is not a  nourishing food, and that, consequently, it may not, with safety  to health and strength, replace  meat to any large extent. The  sooner this impression is dispelled, the better. Not only is fish  like meat rich in nitrogenous  food���������that is, food which sup  plies the body with the strength  to do its work and builds up its  tissues, but does not go to the  supplying of fat and heat���������but  high medical authorities advise  that it cannot be too strongly insisted on, that for working people  of all classes���������rthose who work  with their heads, as well as those  who work with their hands���������fish  sis of the different kinds of but  cher's meat 'and fish, it may be  stated in a general way, that fish  is only about 2 per cent, poorer  in nitrogenous constituents than  meat; but on account of its  greatly cheaper price, it is a  much more economical food than  n^tXForihst^  ���������fish With the entrails removed  ���������can be purchased for 8 cents  per pound, beefsteak would, need  to be sold at 81-4 cents per pound  to be as cheap a source of nourishment.' If fresh haddo(ck can  be bought for 8 cents per pound  fresh mutton would require' to  sell "at 7 cents to be. as cheap a  food. If halibut sells at 16 cents  per pound, fresh pork would need  to selh at slightly less than 15  cents to be as economical a food,  as halibut is even richer in nitrogen than meats.  Also, sight should not be lost  of the fact that unlike meat, up  tb a large measure the greater  the demand there is for fresh fish,  the more cheaply can that demand be supplied.  At the present time, there is no  demand in this country���������though  there is an unlimited demand in  Europe���������^for ,the smaller-sized  fish. Hence, the fishermen do not  find it worth .while bringing these  fi&h to shore, or ,if they do, they  receive very little for them. Further, there are different varieties'  of excellent food fish that are  taken in large quantities by the  fishermen for which there is no  market. Large quantities of skate,  the wings of which are in demand in the old country, are  caught by our fishermen; but  there is practically no market  therefor, different kinds of flounders, like the English plaice and  witches, ; are caught, which,;  though they make excellent eating, there is no market for. Many  other varieties might be mention-  edxObviouslyxif-the���������fishermSwir  could take his whole catch to  shore and be assured of a market for it all, he could afford tp  sell the whole catch at a cheaper rate per pound and still make  the same amount oh money on  it."   '['^r.Ak'k^k -J .;. .yX"-  It is only a few years ago  that the more important Canadian centres,' such as Toronto and  Monti eaV were ., obtaining sufch'  supplies of sea fish as they were  coiisumitig, from United States  sources, though in some instances  the fish were first imported into  that country in carload lots from  Canada. The business from the  Canadian seacoasts was so small,  that the railways did not find  it feasible to place refrigerator  ears, at the disposal of shippers,  and the express rates were so high'  (Continued on Page Three)  SOME ACTIVE MEMBERS OT TBE B. C. HOB8E I -  Friday, November 5,-1915.  Jf t    "        r- f, if1   i?X"    ^-"A      ^1  ) J f ������t^     *   1T t-r-        V*   T-  f    i /       Y1 I  ',   " xXXXx'v"|  , "' 'rf*..   *'    - 'f  ��������� ��������� .-.8 x*X^ X>' X  What are we to do with our  ['boys when they come back from  [ the battle front ?  After the cheers have died away  into the prosaic murmur of everyday routine, after the first thrill  at the sight of their stained uniforms, their bandages, their regimental colors glittering with the  \ fresh laurels of new fought fields  has passed, what then?  Experience at the front is not  a commercial asset. It does not  promote a man's financial "interests. Veterans can not wear their  uniforms forever. After they have  taken them off and appear in  mufti they will merge imperceptibly with the duel hues of civilian costuming. What reward is  theirs for the sacrifice they have  made?    -.  It will be too late to consider  this question when one morning  the welcome news shouts from  newspaper headings that peace is  concluded and the legions- of the  flag are swarming back to the far  corners of the Empire. Now is the  time to take firm hold of "this  question. It is a big issue, secondary to that of the war itself.  The Anglo-Saxon brain at home  should grapple with it sternly as  the Anglo-Saxon brawn has addressed itself to the battle at the  front. |  Realizing the utter necessity of  this work, the British Columbia  Consumers' League has already  begun the task of preparing British Columbia to receive its^vet-  erans. No doubt these veterans  will appreciate the ringing cheers  of those who stayed at home  when they debouch from the station. But there will be a far deeper gratitude in" their hearts if,  within a week after they have  taken off their uniform, they are  able to secure a position which  will enable them to support themselves and their families. We  shall owe them a debt which a  Ufa-long .endeavor will scarcely  serve to repay. If we paid a soldier in proportion to the risks he  takes, not all the wealth of the  land would meet the debt.  The British Columbia Consumer's League has addressed itself  to the work which^ when carried  to a successful conclusion, will  mean the settlement of the problem. The League has said to the  public "Every day you are spending $100,000 for goods which  are brought into British Columbia. Fifty thousand families might  live on this money which flows  out of the province daily.  Presently we shall have thousands of our soldiers returning  to us. They have a claim on our  pockets and bank accounts.  What's the answer?  The answer is simple. See that  every cent you spend goes to purchase something made or produced in this province. If we start  in right now, today, we shall be  rolling* up a bank account of  $100,000 a day to meet the claims  of our defenders when they return.-''  The question is, is this a reasonable request? Can any one be  foolish enough to doubt it?  For ~years /we have discussed  th* problem of Oriental labor. It  has been pointed out to us by statisticians that the Chinese send  the greater portion of their money home to China. The same applies to the Japanese and the East  Indians. We have looked upon the  door to China as an open flood  gaie for Canadian money, Orient  bound.  The fact is patent, though totally ignored, that we ourselves  have' acted the role of. White  Chinese in sending our/ money  out of the province just as persistently.  - The work of the League lies  along the lines of educative pub-  publicity. In eight months this  League has pledged nearly 8,000  families to buy British Columbia produce to the exclusion of  imported articles. If British Columbia does not produce the article desired,-Canada or the Empire surely can supply what is  needed. It" is odd; if the British  Empire, somewhere in its extent,  is unable to produce every item  needed in the scheme of domestic'or commercial economy.  Every dollar which we spend  on goods made in this province is  a brick added to the foundation  of financial solidity. If we are financially sound, > our industries  will be in a position to employ  additional hands, our ranches  open for employment/" The dollar  working in our province races on  an' endless chain, through the  home, the shop, the mill, the hank  and back to the home again. The*  dollar sent out of the province  loses its way amid far distant  and hopelessly tangled chains  and never comes back to us.  The British Columbia Consumer's League, with offices in the In-  dustrial Bureau Building, 183  Pender St. West, has courageously carried forward the missionary  campaign for the conservation of  its resources. Throughout the  whole campaign, the object which'  has guided the movement, like a  fixed star, was the welfare of our  boys when they return from the  front.  Every one in the province who  has the interests of British Columbia at heart should send in a  pledge promising to give preference to provincial products. In  this way each individual can do  something toward making this  province a better place for our  boys to live when they come back  from the front. There is no membership fee in connection with  the League. All that is desired is  that all shall ^pledge themselves  to buy local products, and then  persistently and religiously live  up to their pledge.       '   .  ft*  Po Yon Want to Rent Yonr Home?  We are having numerous inquiries for houses, both furnished and  unfurnished, in all parts of the City. tExpert service offered to  owners. Exclusive listings solicited. Consult W. C. Pindlay, Manager Rental Dept.       - ���������       _���������__ _         __  North West Trust Company, limited  E. E. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  509 RICHARDS STREET.  PHONE, SEY. 7467  ������  *  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  X        LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  Economy and Efficiency.  Our Motto     x  Our Business his bees built up by merit-aloife  ���������V';/ ��������� X,;--;-.r:-^jL^i^|C^-|8it' :'*^ ;������������������ '���������' S=-- ;>.;���������  ' XX . Heating Engineers.V  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Aye.- West.  Vancouver, B.C.  Two stunning female pickpockets are operating in Chicago.  Their scheme is to snuggle up  close to their victims in street  cars. Under these circujnstances  parting with the change, would  he such swept sorrow that some  men could hardly resist the dips.  \  XX '.x  J J-%1  o  DETACHMENT DRAWN UP FOR INSPECTION  * > J t '    -        (  t,V    *������    '_ ��������� ,\  '-.t.    ''V'T '   *< ',r���������,    {  - \X  I ^ v$  - ^^\\^-~j XI  ���������-.    J >- X -X  -,"x *.,  X'--->:XV  XXX'V  Manchester, Eng., with a population of 710,687, has contributed  100.000 men to the defense of. the  empire. Pro rata, this is probably  the finest effort of any city within the empire, and is a direct slap  at rtiose who have the mistaken  idea that the citybreds of Old  England are not responding to  the call as they should.  "The militarists want to see the  loan successful, for they are the  ones who will profit most. If I had  my( way I would tie a tin can to  the Anglo-French commissioners  and send them baclc where they  caitae from."���������Henry Ford in a  New York interview.  Having tied "tin cans" to the  tails of about a million Americans  it naturally occurs to Mr. Ford  that that would be about the proper punishment to fit the crime.  CANADIAN   FISHERIES  (Continued from Page 2)  that successful competition with  Portland and Boston was not possible.  The government, with a view  to overcoming these conditions,  and to enable the dealers to expand the fresh fish business in  this country, took up the matter;  but it was found impossible to  induce the express companies to  lower their rates. It was, however,  hoped that if it were shown them  that a large business were available, they would find it desirable  in their own interests to make the  rdtes such as would assure, that  business being handled by them.  In the first place, an arrangement was made with the railways, whereby refrigerator cars  to be hauled by fast freight, were  placed at the disposal of the shippers. Such cars are now available  from the Atlantic: coast three  days each week. The government  further undertook to accept responsibility for the payment of  one-third of the express charges  on less than carload-lot shipments from the Atlantic coast  to points as far west as the  eastern boundary of Manitoba,  and from the Pacific coast as far  east as that boundary. It also, for  a time, had a refrigerator express service in operation from  the Atlantic coast.  The results have been highly  satisfactory. The importation of  fish from the United States to  supply the Canadian markets, it  may be said, has been \ stopped,  only such varieties uow being imported as are not available in  Canadian waters and for which  there is a demand at hotels. The  increase in,the shipments by express alone may be judged from  the fact that in the fiscal year  1909-1910, the Department's one-  thiru -of the rates amounted to  about $29���������000 while last year it  was in the vicinity of. $80,000. In  addition to the less than carload-  lot shipments by express, several  carload lots per week, consisting  of halibut and salmon, are snipped from the Pacific coast to Toronto and Montreal and Winnipeg, while' from the 'Atlantic  coast, large quantities are shipped in refrigerator cars by fast  freight. Moreover, during the  whole winter season, large shipments bf frozen fresh fish, are  made from both coasts hy freight.  , To keep up the supply -of fish  (in our fresh-water lakes, and of  such" anadromous fish as salmon,  which must ascend to the fresh  waters of the upper portions of  the rivers for spawning purposes,  the government operates what is  probably the largest fish-breeding service conducted by any one  government. There are now over  fifty fish hatcheries propagating  such excellent varieties of fish as  salmon, shad, whitefish, salmon  trout, pickerel, etc., in addition  to fourteen lobster hatcheries.  The annual appropriation for^this  service alone, is now $400,000.  Its effectiveness is, no longer a  question of doubt. Attention" need  only be called to Lake Erie, in  which there is no close season,  but on which extensive hatching  operations have been carried on,  on both sides of the line, and as  a result of which the catches in  the lake have vastly increased in  the past twenty years. In Lake  Winnipeg, the fish supply was  represented to be fairly depleted  a few years ago, but it has now  been so built up that during the  present summer fish have been  more abundant than at any time  since the early days of fishing  in this lake.  It cannot be expected that the  government can for all time continue to; pay a portion of. the  transportation charges on fresh  fish. Moreover, with a large  enough demand therefor, no reason for so doing would obtain,  as carload-lot transportation rates  would be available, and if the  express companies could not see  their way to make their rates  low enough to enable, the business  to be handled by express, experience has shown that it is perfectly feasible to transport fresh  fish in refrigerator cars by fast  freight. As has previously been  indicated, the growth of the industry from now on, depends  primarily on the consumer. He  must be educated to use more fish  ���������to1 give it a daily place on his  bill-of-fare. To accomplish / this,  the  dealers  must  do  their part  by propers advertising. .It may  he well to call their attention to  the fact that notwithstanding the  enormous proportions to which the  fresh fish business has grown in  the United Kingdom, those in the  business there realize that there  is room for greater expansion,  and to bring this about they are  carving on an advertising campaign to encourage the use of  more fish. They have formed  themselves into an association  Jcnown as the "National Sea  Fisheries Protection Association."  Its members embrace all branches of the industry, and the advertisements made by this .association embrace the publishing of  large attractively coloured posters of fishing scenes, calling attention of the public to the desirability of using more fish, as  well as coloured wall-cards and  the distribution of booklets containing useful information regarding the value of fish as- food  and recipes for cooking it.  It is encouraging to, know that  an association having sintilar aims  in view.has recently been formed in Canada, known 'as the  ' Canadian Fisheries Association,''  and it is hoped that much will be  done by its efforts to educate the  public into freely using fish.'  possibly the greatest outstanding need in, developing tbe fish  business in our different cities is  the absence of proper fish stores.  The  general practice  is to  sell  fish in meat shops, the sellers not  being persons,who are skilled in  kj  handling fish, and the fish'itself X  is often  displayed  in   anything ���������  but an attractive way. The time,  has surely come when up-to-date '  fish stores, from which all^kinds -  of fish in perfect condition and  prepared ready to place in the -  oven can be obtained, would be -,  paying ventures if properly operated in all our cities and more  important towns.  One  effect of this  disastrous  war is to very seriously curtail  the fish supply of the motherland. '" ���������  Not only have a large number of    r  the most efficient fishing vessels   .,  there been taken over by the Ad-  )'<  miralty for war purposes, hut the>  area in which fishing may be car-   V)  ried on has been much restricted,  so that there is little likelihood,  until the war is over, of a nor- ,.  mal supply being available from  the usual sources. X~  It seems quite feasible that this    -  shortage should be made up by - ',  Canada. While the shipping    of  fresh fish packed in ice, to the.   *  old country/ may not be ptiftikix  cable, the. shipping   of   frozen;  fresh fish there, has already. pas������-;,,  ed    beyond   the.   ^perimenwX.  stage, Xand   no doubt, pifoper^^  smoked and filleted fish wouh|  also be. acceptable. I,' therefore,���������  think it well to direct the ^attention of the fish dealers to the  possibilities of the business to he'  done there.  ,'"1L  ' r>*  ���������< r.\  i- ',*  J      .4       *  <   , X,  i-i"X  ���������"> si"    S jfl  "���������   > J-hi K  r.~fiS'":  xx  Xol  '* Xi*  x4l  V X]  --!>!  Xi  f������1  ���������i*.'*  *  V1  <*?���������  CampbeJJ-Gordon Co., (Med  ��������� LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, 9rass Ctoofc, Water Meters,  Jiead Pipe, Pig fcead, Pipe ami  Pipe Fittings.    .  .Railway Track Tools and Wbite Waste.  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 Romer Street  The Next Telephone  Directory Closes  November 15th  The January directory goes to press on the  15th of this month. Any corrections or alterations  must be in our hands by that date to ensure insertion.  If you intend moving during. the next two  months, come in and arrange to have your new  address listed.  Are you thinking of putting in a telephone  Let us have your application at once, so that your  name will be listed in the, forthcoming issue.  British Columbia Telephone  Company, Limited  IX *3  ' l. JXyj  X THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, November 5,1915.  U *-  i  *  v         V  "  ���������  I  to  "k.  ^  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS, M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  BRITISH COURAGE  WHAT IS IT that makes a man courageous,  sends him out to face unknown perils, the hazards of trackless ways, sudden and violent death  itself?   The quality of courage has never been  satisfactorily  defined, perhaps,  because there is  no  explanation  that  exactly meets  each  case.  Love of country, that sends a man out to fight  its  enemies,  does  not tell us why men  should  risk their lives in exploring savage lands. Yet the  spirit that sends men to the other side of the  world in search of adventure must be the same  as that which is inspiring the men who are fighting in Gallipoli. and not there only, but in Flanders and Poland, in Galicia, and by the Isonzo,  The latest account of the fighting in the Gallipoli Peninsula is a revelation of the spirit of the  British people; of that "nation of shopkeepers,"  whom Napoleon affected to despite, and against  whose will the Kaiser is breaking the German  Empire.  Fenced by your careful fathers, ringed by your  laden seas,  Long did ye make in quiet and long lie down at  ���������  ease,  TilLye said of Strife, "What is it?" of the  Sword, "It is far from broken."  Little more than a year ago this might have  been written with truth, but after reading the  latest despatches of the fighting in the Gallipoli  Peninsula, can we accept a word of it. Fenced by  our careful fathers we may have been, and we  have assuredly been ringed by our leaden seas;  but we know the meaning of strife now, and the  % sword has not been far from our hands���������it never  1 has been, as a fact, when there was a wrong to  put right, an injustice to remove. Our army has  always bqen a professional army, and there has  never' been anything too astonishing in the way  of fighting for it,to .undertake and accomplish  in the end.   This war, however, is being fought  largely by; nien, who a year ago, had never even  handled a rifle, and yet are now fighting with  all the courage of that "astonishing infantry"  that "shattered the power of Napoleon a hundred  years ago.    The latest battle on the peninsula  has been compared to Inkerman, which was the  greatest soldiers' battle in history; but it was  Inkerman on a gigantic scale. There are some  scenes in the military annals of our country the  recollection of which stirs the blood���������the steadfast,   long-enduring   patience of   the   infantry  squares at Waterloo; the stern valour of the Fusiliers at Albuera; the wild daring of the stormers  at Badajoz. None of these���������and they are only a  few specimens���������surpasses, as an example of the  fighting quality of the British soldier, the struggle for the famous Burnt Hill, east of Suvla Bay,  and the fierce battle for the neighboring height,  Hill 112. It is not easy to make selections from  among   the many   gallant   incidents that characterized the fighting. Here is one:  - "The Yeomanry leapt to their feet and as a  single man charged right up to the hill. They  were met by a withering fire which rose to a  crescendo as they neared the northern crest, but  nothing could stop them. They charged at amazing speed without a single halt from the bottom  with their chosen leaders, including gallant Sir  John Milbanke. From a thousand lips a shout  went up that Hill 70 was won. When morning  broke Hill 70 was no longer in our possession.  Nothing, however, will lessen the glory of that  final charge of England's yeomen."  The Yeomanry regiment that so distinguished  itself is not mentioned, but as Sir John Milbanke,  V.C., whose name appears in the casualty list,  was in the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry, it is  probable that this was the regiment.  It should be added that a Gurkha battalion  reached the crest of Sari Bair in an earlier  stage of the fighting, and that the Anzac Corps  ���������that is, the Australians and New Zealanders���������  "fought like lions and accomplished a feat of  arms in climbing the heights almost without-  parallel."  ENGLAND OB GERMANY MUST GO DOWN  A Toronto doctor, who derived a handsome  income from his practice and w-ho enlisted several months ago, wrote back to a brother that  he "wouldn't be in Canada at this time for  $10,000  THE GREAT GERMANIC people of the German and Austrian empires, after the unification  following the successful war with the French,  have been forging forward by leaps and bounds.  Realizing and correctly estimating the task that  confronted them, they studied and practised national economies as no other nation has ever  done before, and they deyeloped their arts and  sciences as no people had ever done before. It  was inevitable, therefore, that there, should  come a time when Germans and England must  come into collision with such straining of relations as to precipitate war.  This war is no half and half affair. Either  Britain must go down under the mailed fist of  Germany, or Germany and German militarism'  must be crushed under the heel of England.  If peace is declared without a decisive victory  for either of the belligerents the result would  be but a truce, and both sides would arm with  all their might for another struggle.  If the war should end in a draw it means  that any peace will still be a truce for continued  greater preparations for war, and any such truce  or such peace would be the next thing to victory for the Germans, and the next thing to defeat for the AllieS.  Germany will naturally hold all conquered  territory if she is able to do so unless or until  she has squeezed a large indemnity from the allies. This can only be by acknowledgment of  defeat by the allies, and this is not likely to be  in the near future.  England's resources are stupendous, and the  British spirit is a spirit of. dogged determination.  Therefore the allies are going to fight it out  without any thought of compromise which will  be to their detriment or dishonor, unless Germany shall develop' such unforeseen .and un-  guessed power as to Avin an overwhelming victory over the allies, invade England and capture London. Therefore, the prospect is a long  war���������years and years of war���������yet to come before peace can be.  Germany has already won such success that  for the allies  to  accomplish  her utter  defeatJ'  would require several more years of war.      The  prospect is gloomy, but let us not deceive ourselves.  When the war first broke out there were many  well-known persons who prophesied the discomfiture of Germany, and the  capture of Berlin ���������  within a few weeks���������a few months at the long-'  est. So imbued was English opinion of the ease  with which the allies eould overcome Germany  that orders for war munitions were but small,"  while,they should have been very large. Had the '  allies, when the war first broke out, placed orders for munitions of war in America with such  prodigality as they are now placing them, the '  story of the war would have been different.  Great nations through all history have been  defeated mainly because they underrated the  power of their enemies.  Let not the Allies today continue to underrate the power of Germany, for the German empire, with   her   ally   Austria,   constitutes   the1'  greatest military power that has ever yet risen in '  this world.  HOW THE RUSSIAN  _   ARMY- WAS BETRAYED  (Continued from Page One) i  German armies from what seemed like inevitable  disaster.  The brothers Freiberg and the brothers Salz-  mann, who were hanged with Miassaiedoff, were  occupied in the emigration traffic to Gerraanyand  America. Some time ago their behaviour  brought them under suspicion of. the police, but  Miassaiedoff exerted his influence and saved them  from prosecution.  Baron Grothus and von Frienat were high officials in the notorious Political Police. Grothus  was a friend of General Hartwig, one of the  famous agent-provocateurs, like Azeff. Some  years ago Grothus had the duty of investigating  the revolutionary movement in the Baltic provinces.  Hitherto our diplomatists have no more understood the Balkan problem than the man in  the street. Dr. Seton-Watson, in a pamphlet recently published (Nisbet, Is), says truly that the  "central fact" in the history of the last thirty  years, "so far as the Balkan peninsula is concerned, has been Europe's persistent refusal to  study or  understand  Balkan psychology."  BELGIUM'S INDEMNITY  The Chamber of Commerce at  Antwerp, has issued a report  written by its president, E. Cas-  tellein, to the members of the  permanent deputation which represents the chamber before the  Belgian government, outlining  the steps which the Belgian pi*o-  vinces had taken to pay the German war levy of 480,000,000  francs ($96,000,000). The report  states:  "The Belgian provinces have  just paid the German administration the ninth monthly instalment  of the war -levy of 480,000.000  francs. They have up to date actually paid out 360,000,000 francs,  of which 45,000,000 are to be credited to 60.000,000 imposed especially with the guarantee given  the German authorities in December, 1914, that indemaity for requisitioned merchandise, or merchandise, which would be paid as  soon as possible in currency, in  commercial bills of exchange, or  in credits on German banks. It,  therefore, remains to our provinces, in order to free our country absolutely from the heavy  burden imposed upon her after  four months of invasion and devastation to make monthly payments for September, October  and November', 1915���������that is another 120,000,000, of whieh 15,-  000,000 are on account of the 60,-  000,000 special imposition in exchange for the guarantee of  prompt payment for requisitioned  goods.  These facts show that for the  past nine months Belgium has  most scrupulously met the engagements made in her name > at  the time of the convention relating to ,war contributions. This  convention is, however, of an entirely reciprocal character. Moreover, if Belgium has fulfilled her  obligations, the German administration is very much behind with  theirs, which is shown clearly by  the facts gathered by the Antwerp Chamber of Commerce, and  from the general commercial  world of Antwerp���������facts which it  is my duty to lay before you  in all sincerity and with due regard to deference and loyalty. -  I had the honor to send you  on March 19 last a duplicate report whieh I addressed to the international commission on the  subject of requisitions en masse  which had been imposed on the  trade of Antwerp. These requisitions reached an enormous figure, embracing the total amount  of stocks in our warehouses and  stores accumulated there at the  time of the occupation of our  town by German troops. The  requisitioned goods were for the  most part removed from the town  during the months of February  and December by virtue of might,  which is greater than right, with  the minimum of formality, without any regard to the rights of  the owners or holders, without  any previous agreement as to the  price  of the  sale.  The actual figures of the requisitions, of which. I have been  able to get details only regarding  raw merchandise, this representing the major' part of our imports,  have reached and passed 85,000,-  000 francs. Five months have  passed since I described the situation in my report of March,  without the smallest improvement  in that situation. Payments received since then do not represent  a tenth part of the sums still owing. May 1 also persuade myself  to call these so-called ���������payments'  advances representing some '10  to 50 iper cent, of bills, advances  made by credits in marks payable at the Reichsbank, recoverable three months after the conclusion of peace and the payment  of which on maturity involves the  parties in the risks of, exchange  to an extent "which can be appreciated by all?"  Carlyle once said that the  greatest of faults was to be conscious of none. Spiritual pride is  a snare that some souls walk  into complacently.  Give not thy tongue too great I  liberty, lest it take thee prisoner.  A word unspoken is like the sword  in the scabbard, thine; if vented,  thy sword is in another's hand.  ���������Quarles.  If you patiently do your work  the best you can, and worry and  fret at little as possible, a great  many good things will come your  way when you least expect them.  Neutral  ��������� Historical controversies are  creeping into the schools. In a  New York public institution attended by many races, during an  examination in history the teacher risked a little chap. Who discovered America ?  He was evidently thrown into  a panic ������nd hesitated, much to  the teacher's surprise, to make  any reply.  "Oh, please, m'am," he finally stammered, "ask me something else."  "Something else, Jimmy? Why  should I do that?"  "The fellers was talkin' 'bout  it yesterday," replied Jimmy.  Pat McGee said it was discovered by an Irish saint. Olaf, he  vsaid it was���������a sailor from Norway,  and Giovanni said it was Columbus, an' if you'd a' seen what  happened you wouldn 't ask a little feller like me."  If a Substitute for  Royal Standard  Flour Is Offered You  telephone Sey. 8210 and be advised immediately  where you can obtain the real product. ROYAL  STANDARD FLOUR has achieved such perfection as to have the usual number of imitators  who claim "something just as good." GOOD  GROCERS WILL NOT SUBSTITUTE- IF YOU  ASK FOR  ROYAL STANDARD  AND CANNOT GET IT, TELEPHONE SEY.  8210 AND YOU WILL BE ADVISED AT ONCE  OF A NEAR GROCER HANDLIN GIT.  Housewives who use ROYAL STANDARD  FLOUR claim they use no other. Be sure YOU  get what you ask for. LOOK FOR THE CIRCLE V TRADEMARK.  Vancouver Milling 8 Grain Co., Ltd.  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  J  a vear  >>;  A special report of. the Dominion Census  Department on the foreign-born population in  1911 shows that out of a total of 1,982,512 qualified voters in Canada, 131.289 were of foreign  birth. This is 6.62 per cent. The Canadian born  were 75 per cent, and the British born 20.61  per cent. In Alberta, the foreign born voters were  24.92 per cent of the total number, but a large  proportion were Americans. In Saskatchewan  23 per cent, were foreign born, in Manitoba,  17 per cent., Ontario, 2.90 per cent., Quebec 2.66"  per cent.  Religion does not so much consist in emotion,  or commotion, but motion.  VIEW OF EXPOSITION GUOUNDS, SAN DIEGO, CAL.  xr Friday, November 5^19151  THE WESTERN  CALL  NLW    ARMORY    AND    DRILL   HALL   ABOUT    TO   BL   LRLCTLD    W    ORANDVILW  -s n$si% ^f**-" ** ������_������ x*$  i'ne Department of Militia and Defence has approved of the  plans for the new armory and drill hall,  and   tenders will  be called for Immediately.    The Public Works Department  has decided to reduce' the    sum    originally Intended to be  spent and the specifications'have (been amended accordingly.  The building which will be bounded by Commercial and  Cotton drives will be of brick and stone mill construction  of a modern Norman fortified design., The drill hall measuring 120 by 225 feet is in one span with an eight-foot balcony  all   round,   with armories,  orderly     rooms,    Quartermasters'  hcores, etc., opening lntd same.  Below, the level ot drill hall space is provided for rifle  ranges, transport wagons, swimming pool, gymnasium, bowling Alley, quarters for Janitor, also space for boilers, etc.,  and an unexcavated space where a battery of artillery may  be housed.  On the second floor there will be officers' and sergeants'  messes, canteens, reading-rooms, etc., and at the end of the  hall a large recreation room has been provided where instruction classes may be held.    Arrangements -will be made  iliJ. ,Jtll Ul.O.l.:  ������-4j        V...1MC       v.. -.2      .III*)..       ..    to       kll.t^      i   - t  where the war game may be played.  In the tower, brigadier quarters are arranged for also -band  rooms, etc. The roof will be of steel 'and concrete; the  large circular ends facing east and west wil! be of glass set  in steel frames. The building will be heated by steam and  lighted by electricity. The architects entrusted with the work  by the Dominion Government are Major C. B. Fowler, commanding the Vancouver Volunteer Reserves, and Lieut. R. T.  Perry of the Army Service Corps now serving m Euiope.  ;   -i  ,������**  "V\  #1  '-d     -���������  '-' *<-'l  The Irish FuBiliers Now Being Mobilized for Oversew servoce at Present Occupy tlie Site and Will Have Their Headquarters in the New BuUding  $1,000,000 UNCLAIMED IN  CANADIAN BANKS  Peopler do not usually forget  that they haye money in the bank,  yet there is quite a lot of coin  of the realm in Canada which  cannot find anyone to acknowledge proprietorship. The blue  book recently published by the  Bominion government on un-  c.difn'ed bank' balances, (those  which have not been touched for  five years or upwards), is a volume of no less than 587 pages. It  covers accounts in twenty-three  banks, and amounting to upwards of a million dollars. Most  of the accounts are small ones.  It is noteworthy that the unclaim  ed balances on Dec. 31,1914, were  nearly $40,000 less than on Dec.  31, 1913, so it would appear that  hard times quickened the memories of* some people.  Apparently the oldest account  which lacks an ow-ner is that of  J. Armour, ,whose ten dollars  have been in the keeping of the  Bank of Montreal since Sept. 26,  1819. There are quite a number  of other sums in the same bank  which have remained unclaimed  since the reign of George IV. or  William IV���������over a score all told  ���������and some of them are for useful amounts. Among the names  of depositors still on the books  sre Lt.-Col. T. S. Barrow (1833),  Gen. F.   Campbell   (1835),   Col.  o'~  JBatfog between  Meals js perfectly  Natural fey  Healthy, Active  C^dren  .���������Give Tbetn Good,  Energy-Restoring  FOOD!  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTEJl Breads  ARE JUST SUCH FOODS  Made of Canada's most mtritioas floor and pore  water in British Coin-Tibia's most sanitary, clean,  ^^^A~^fe_^*^^^^^^^^A      ^^l^aSmi^^^a^^b     a^_^_^_m^^^L  nwxipxii Dfusmg puuu.  5  FULL  16 OUNCE  LOAF  Every one "sealed at the oven"  HAMPTG)N.PINCHIN  Bakers of BETTER  Bread  the Hon. G. Cathcart and Lady  Georgina CathcaVt. (1839), Lt.-  Col. A. Campbell (1862), Thos.  Cramp, Treasurer Nova- Scotia  Relief Fund (1868), C. J. J.  Grant, Baron de Longneuil  (1852), Louis Haldimand (1845),  Lt.-Col. Chas. Johnson (1839),  James Nairn & Co. (1837)���������a big  account���������Lt.-Col. C. G. Taylor  (1841), Geo. Stqbridge (1843),  Rev. Alex. Spence, Ottawa (1857)  Capt. McGill, Kingston (1861),  and many others of later date.  The largest individual account  over fifty years old is that of C.  Donovan, ,of St. Gabriel, Quebec  (1858). The total amount of unclaimed deposits is over $132,000,  and when we consider that com-  i pound interest has been accumulating in scores of cases for upwards of sixty years, it will be  seen that there are respectable  fortunes going begging.  The largest unclaimed fortune  in the Quebec Bank is that of  Margaret J. Waddell" (1867).  The list is comparatively short  and the total $21.000'odd. The  Bank of Nova Scotia has just double that sum waiting to be claimed. The Bank of British; North  America has accounts going back  to 1841, and unpaid bonds to  1815. The total is . over .$110,000,  and some of the amounts are  large, running into thousands of  dollars. The Bank of Toronto has  funds amounting to $27,000, uncalled for. Sixty-five thousand dollars lie waiting in the Banque  Nationale. The Merchants' Bank  keeps .$43,000, and the Provincial  Bank has only $1,100 to look after. It is rather a surprise to  find the Union Bank high up the  list with $90,000, as most of the  accounts are comparatively new.  The Bank,of Commerce, however,  ' tops., the "'list'; with over $140,000  of unclaimed deposits, etc. The  Royal Bank has $67,000, and the  Dominion Bank about the same.  The Bank of Hamilton has only  $54,000. There is only $4,700 in  th.e Standard Bank unclaimed,  and the $24,000 in: the Bank of  Hochelaga mostly consists of  small sums. There is $17,000 in  the Bank of Ottawa, $27,500 in  the Imperial-Bank, but only.$2,-  700 in the Home Bank. The Northern Grown Bank has $5,700,  the Sterling Bank only $1,100,  but the Montreal City and District records nearly $120,000  while there is $11,500 locked up in  the Notre Dame Bank of Quebec.  Most of the thousands of accounts disclosed by this return  are under $100, and many are under $10. The smallest that a  casual perusal discovered was one  of seven cents. But some are for  large amounts, and a proportion  have been lying dormant for half  a century. "With the interest accruing they represent wealth ten  times the amount of the original  deposit, and running into five fig  ures.  LOUD ROSEBERV ON  UNITY AND TRUST  An interesting ceremony was  held recently in Glasgow Trades  House, at which Lord Rosebery  was admitted an honorary member of the Incorporation of "Weavers, a philanthropic guildry dating back 400 years.  In the course of his speech  Lord Rosebery said that as in  the ancient fable, there was the  tramp of men, not only from  England, Scotland and Ireland,  but from other places all over  the world, in -every region and  in every clime where the Union  Jack waved. That was the unexpected result of the outbreak  of that conspiracy that was meant  to break up the British empire,  consolidating it in a way that  the most ardent imperialist could  never have hoped for. At the present moment the newspapers  were occupied with various topics  relating to the war, and from  the abundance of the material he  would select three points which  appeared to him to be pre-eminently worthy of notice. The first  was thrift, which was not a new  topic for a Scottish audience.  He must say it was very delightful for him to see a British government and a British parliament  advocating the cause of thrift, because for many years past they  had employed all the opportunities of expenditure with such advantage and profusion that they  had brought peace expenditure  lip to ������250,000,000 a year, without, so far as he was aware, a single voice being raised in government or in parliament., of remonstrance, or for economy. He hoped now that from this time onward they would have not merely the preaching, but the practice  of thrift in their public departments and in their house of commons, so that at least they������would  reap the benefit in the calamity  of war in which they were engaged. The matter c\jd not strike  him as one which ought to fill  to the, extent' it did the columns]  of the press. They had established, without great effort a" national government in which they put  unbounded confidence, positively  because it was a collection of the  most  able  men, and  negatively  because there was no other government to take its place. They  knew also  the  disadvantages of  swapping   horses   when crossing  the stream, and their only course  then,   as it   seemed   to   him,   as  patriotic citizens, was to put illimitable confidence  in  the government. Could   they   not   trust  Lord Kitchener   to   say   to   the  country exactly the moment   at  which,  if  it  ever occurred,    he  thought compulsory service should  be    imposed?   Why,    then,    the  wrangling about it in the newspapers? Those who argued-could  not  know  half  so much  as  the  government, and if they did not  trust   in the   government     and  Lord Kitchener, th,ey were representing indeed a lost cause.  He  believed, if Lord Kitchener found  the moment ripe, and found the  need imperative,   he   would   not  scruple to ask the country to give  him the powers requisite to carry  compulsory service into effect. Until that time, Lord Rosebery said,  he himself would  hold  his  own  judgment,   more   especially, and  that was a point to which he attached some   importance,, as   he  had seen no mention in the newspapers as   to   any    method   by  which  compulsory  service  could  be carried into effect.  His other point was this: what  they required, if they were to  carry the war through tb a successful conclusion, was unity. Of  course, their attitude was eagerly watched by all the nations, and  without unity victory would not  be possible. It was a dishearten-  Premier  Pancake  Flow   ^  Made from CHOICEST  af YfhteX Frofatfi.  AGRpgAHP to m  sum*.  Tbe QNJ.Y Paoc.ke  Flour MADE in VAN-  COUVflt.  ASK YOUR GROCER  ^Hn^nWw^l-  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  ^S%  The Dow Fraser Trust Co. offers a special service to individual  trustees who would appreciate  the advantage of having the cler  ical   and routine   administration  nig thing, worse than any defeat   _.���������������  ,,   ���������... i      . ������������������     X  ,  ;���������v,n+fi��������� +��������� o��������� !,������������������,. ���������*���������:i_��������� ���������,.���������   of tlieir trusts carried on by an  expert   organization   at reason-  in battle, to see huge strikes proceeding in the very stress of war.  Surely, now that the last of these  bulletins was over, could they not  resolve to proceed with unity,  men and masters? In that particular instance, could they not resolve to proceed with unity in  fighting that tremendous war? As  in advising thrift, the example of  unity must come from the highest.  able charges.  Enquiry and interview solicited.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby  'X7  xil-u  X$| '   ,     4 >"  m^fcA*"*������fA "wj _ v^(  r  4k.^*aUMtI>   t   ft /   4.4������   I 14-i.. ���������-  it*.ir^3u������iliJU. 4ti'irj[_f������iuy������������i*.vi* ><  Friday, November 5,1915.  %  1   r  I  ,   f  '���������*}  HOME TABLE HINTS  GERMANY KNEW  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the*-home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the- l>est known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to. the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, November 6  We never know for what God ia preparing us in His  scht)ols���������for what work on earth, for what work in the  hereafter. Our business is to do our -work well in the  present place, whatever that may be.  ���������:Dr. Lyman Abbott.  Breakfast���������Bananas. Bacon and Liver. Baked  Sweet Potatoes. Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Black Bean Soup. Veal Cutlets. Rice  with Tomatoes. Peas. Apple Pie. Cheese. Coffee.  Supper���������Egg Timbales. Cream Sauce. Baking  Powder Biscuits. Orange Marmalade. Nut Cookies. Chocolate.  Rice with Tomatoes  Put one can of tomatoes in a double boiler,  add, three tablespoonfuls of. well-washed rice, one  teaspoonful of chopped green or red pepper, one  teaspoonful of chopped onion, two teaspoonfuls  of sugar, one teaspoonful-of salt and one tablespoonful of butter and cook about two hours.  /  Sunday, November 7  '"Grant us, O Lord, the grace to bear  The little pricking thorn;  The hasty word that' seems unfair;  The twang of truths well worn;  The jest which makes our weakness'plain;  The darling plans overturned."  Breakfast ��������� Baked Apples. Creamed Fish.  {Steamed Brown Bread. Coffee.  .Dinner���������Mock Bisque Soup. Roast Duck. Currant Jelly. Mashed Potatoes. Scalloped Onions.  Fig Pudding. Coffee.  Lunch���������Fruit Salad. Tea Rolls. Cocoanut  Cream Pie.' Tea.  Fruit Salad  Wash; thoroughly one cupful of seedless raisins, cover with .boiling water, let simmer until  plump, then drain, dry in a napkin and cool.  Add one cupful of finely cut celery, one cupful  of diced apple and ��������� one-third of v a cupful of  blanched and sliced almonds, toss lightly with  a fork, sprinkle with the juice of half a, leny  on, place on crisp lettuce leaves and mark with  mayonnaise or cooked dressing. ,  Monday, November 8  The very reputation' of being" strong willed, plucky  ' ,and indefatigable is of priceless value. It cows enemies  and dispels' opposition  to  our  undertakings.  ���������Charles Darwin.  breakfast ��������� Orang6s.  Cereal with  Cream.  Coddled Eggs. Popovers. Coffee.  Ptooer���������Onion Soup. Beef Loaf. Brown Sauce.  Raked Potatoes. Creamed Turnips. Dressed Lettuce. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee. /  ��������� Supper���������Duck Ragout. Lettuce and Orange  Salad. Bread and Butter Sandwiches. Cream  Fruit Cookies. Tea. '  N Cream Fruit Cookies  Rub onte-quarter of a cupful of butter with  one cupful of sugar and add the beaten yolks  of two eggs and one-quarter of a cupful of mo-  ' lasses. Dissolve half a teaspoonful of soda in  one tablespoonful of hot water and beat it into  three-quarters of a cupful of sour cream, then  4 add three fourths cupfuls of flour. Beat until  smooth, add one cupful of seeded raisins cut  in halves and mixed with one-half teaspoonful  ���������each ofcinnamon, allspice and cloves,-then fold  in the stiffly beaten whites. Drop from a spoon  and bake in a cjuick oven. As flour differs in its  thickening quality; it may be necessary to add  one or more spoonfuls.  Tuesday, November 9  "To escape criticism, Do nothing, say nothing, be  nothing.''  Breakfast���������Grapes. Broiled Bacon. Hashed  Browned Potatoes. Wheat Griddle Cakes. Coffee.  Dinner���������Crab Canapes. Baked Fish. Pickle  Sauce. Sweet Potatoes. Cauliflower. Prune Pudding. Coffee. '   V X ��������� ���������    X  Supper���������Cold Meat. Curried Vegetables. Rye  Bread. Baked Bananas. Tea.  Crab Canapes  .  Cream two tablespoonfuls -of butter and add  one-half pound of finely chopped crab meat, one  teaspoonful of made mustard, one-half, teaspoonful of Worcestershire sauce, a dash of cayenne  and six finely chopped olives. Cut slices of stale  bread into rounds with a large biscuit cutter  and fry in butter to a golden brown, spread  them with the prepared crabmeat and serve  at once. X ._���������������������������  Wednesday, November 10  Happiness falls to our share in separate detached  bits; and those of us who are wise, content ourselves with the broken fragments.  ���������Beatrice Harraden.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Baked Eggs.  French Toast. Marmalade. Coffee.  Dinner ��������� Okra Soup. Roast Mutton. Cape*"-1  Sauce. Baked Hominy. Stewed Carrots. Lettuce  and Pimento Salad. Rice Meringue. Coffee.    '  Supper���������Chestnut Cutlets. Potato Balls with  Parsley. Beaten Biscuits.. Apple Sauce. Tea.  Chestnut Cutlets  Shell a quart of large French Chestnuts, boil  until the skins are softened, then drain off the  water and remove the skins. Throw the blanched  chestnuts into boiling unsalted water, cook slow;  ly until tender, drain, mash and add the beaten  yolks of two eggs, one tablespoonful of chopped  parsley, one-half teaspoonful of salt and a dash  each of pepper and cayenne. Shape into small  cutlets, dip in beaten egg diluted with a table-  spqnful of water, roll in fine crumbs and fry in  deep hot fat.  Thursday, November 11  Though the autumn's .dying' glory        ��������� , '  Flames along the lordly hill, '  Lore will tell no mournful story,  Faith not feel the season's chill.  ���������Theodore C.  Williams.   .  Breakfast���������Stewed Figs. Cereal' with Cream.,  Creamed Dried Beef. Currant Buns. Coffee.  ' r  Dinner���������Lettuce Soup. Sliced Mutton. Currant Conserve. Potatoes with Mint. Spinach. Gin*  , gerbread Pudding. Coffee. '        x    .  Supper ���������Meat'Croquettes. Celery.-Parker  House Rolls. Cream Puffs. Cocoa.1 -  Gingerbread Pudding  Mix one-third of a cupful of melted butter  with one-half cupful of molasses, one-half cupful  of cream (either sweet or sour), one teaspoonful'  of ginger, one-half teaspoonful of salt, one teaspoonful of soda dissolved in one tablespoonful  of hot water, one cupful of sugar, one beaten  egg and about two cupfuls of flour. Turn into  a biscuit pan lined with paper, bake in a moderate oven and serve hot with-whipped cream.  Friday, November 12  And what is so pure as a good-bye kiss,  Tlie "God bless you" so sweet to remember?���������  For naught in the world of acclaim would I miss  This one perfect day in November.  . Margaret N. Goodnow.  BreakfastrrOranges.   Broiled  Salt Mackerel.  Fried Mush., Toasted Rolls,.Coffee.    ��������� J   Dinner ��������� Vegetable Soup) Baked. Haddock,  with Oyster Stuffing. Mashed Potatoes. Succotash-  Lemon Meringue Pie. Coffee.  Supper ��������� Broiled Sardines on Toast. Cole  Slaw. Prune Shortcake. Tea.  t  Baked Haddock with Oyster Stuffing  Remove the head, skin and bones from a fresh  haddock weighing from four to five pounds, then  rub well with salt and lemon juice. Lay half of  the fish in a buttered baking pan, cover with a  thick layer of oysters cleaned, dried and dipped  in seasoned buttered crumbs, place the other  half on the oysters, brush with "beaten egg diluted  with milk, sprinkle with cracker crumbs and bake  three-quarters of an hour. Serve with Holland-  aise Sauce. '  JINGLE POT  "LASTS LONGER"  Let us put in your winter's supply.  I iii Trip . . ... . . . ,~. . .������.... ���������. ��������� ��������� JpD.O"  Lower Than Ever Before  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company)  Sey. 5408-6409  Subsequent events and the  scraps of news that have leaked  out, bit by bit, confirm the  world's judgment at the outset  that Germany brought on the war  that is now raging.., For instance,  an Italian deputy is asking the  foreign minister a������, Rome if Italian diplomatic representatives  abroad who failed in their duty  ape to go unpunished. The interpellation is supposed to have reference to the case of. Marquis  Sarroni, Italian ambassador at  Constantinople, who, it has been  asserted, although informed in  July, 1914, by the German ambassador at Constantinople, o Baron  von Wagonheim, that the Austrian note to Serbia made war a  certainty, neglected to, inform  the Italian government.  The German ambassador at  Constantinople knew in July that  war was coming. German ambassadors in other countries probably knew the same thing. The  German army was on the move  before war was actually declared.  The Huns waited until they  were absolutely prepared and  then struck their deadly blows  ���������first at poor little Belgium that  had done no wrong and who only  stood in the way of the German  invaders, on the double quick to  conquer France.  WOMEN IN FACTORIES  Nineteen Toronto moving picture houses have given permission to the military authorities  to establish recruiting stations on  their premises. The loafers and  shirkers in the Queen City will  not be able to escape the recruiting box any longer. Vancouver  would do well to follow suit. If  any one thinks Vancouver has  measured up to her zenith in recruiting, a visit to one of the  numerous down town movies  during the afternoon or evening  would be an eye-opener to them.  There are still many young Vah-  eouverites who could enlist,' and  it is their duty. Young man, line  up./ .- ���������   X ���������������������������      ' '/  Money talks���������and the chap  who possesses it usually is.a man  of few words.  The educated woman as a munition worker is likely to proye a  valuable asset" in Great Britain,  if one may judge by the success  achieved by the scheme started  at the Vickers, at -Erith. There  is nothing of the amateur in the  first batch of 45 women.  They include two master-  turners, ��������� Lady Colebrooke and  Lady Gertrude Crawford, both  of whom find no difficulty in the'  work at the lathes, Mrs. England  a sister of Lord Loreburn, Lady  Catacre, Mrs. Greig, wife of Col  onel Greig,������of. the London Scot  tish, and the ladies who originated, the scheme, and Mrs. Moir,  wife of the chief of the new inventions Branch of the Ministry  of Munitions, and Mrs. Cowan,  wife of the M.P. for East Aberdeenshire. Miss Vickers is- joining  the next batch. In the same factory, but not engaged on the same  work, is Lady'Scott, widow of  Captain Scott, who has joined  the electrical department, where  her deftness acquired in her art  as sculptor, allows her to do the  work requiring great delicacy of  touch.  The work "which the women  are doing is on the 4.5 shells and  the 18-lb. shrapnel. They do rough*  turning, boring, and the preliminary processes, and Messrs.  Vickers have set aside a special  foreman to train them., the training to take three weeks. -During  the first week anyone who found  the work too hard had the right  to drop out and to be replaced  from the long waiting list.  There are two points made  clear to all workers���������first, that  having been trained they pledged  for six months of week-ends* from  Saturday afternoon shift at 2.30  to Monday at 6.30, being five  shifts in all; ���������  The idea of the training scheme  is to have such a large body of  educated women ready ,to relieve  the ordinary workers, for Whom  it is a physical impossibility to  work seven days a week and  keep up the standard of their efficiency. Knowing that the lathes  must remain idle over the weekend, as there are not enough  workers available/their offer  was welcomed:  The rates of pay are the same  as for the ordinary worker. The  rate of pay is from ,15s to 19s  per week of six shifts of 54 hours.  The^ women start out each  morning in butcher-blue overalls, caps to match, leather gloves  and  strong  boots.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  *       i i  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valu-  * m  able to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  hring this to your customers' attention hot  only in connection  wit}* your offlee stationery, hut with all  printed matter and  advertising.  r..f  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  ../..  ... err...-.-���������;;.:;:��������� :���������������������������..,* 4/   v.  iXX >   l '0  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  A-(��������� ���������'���������'���������-������������������- .   ��������� .-���������' ���������������������������������������������. -XX   ��������� -   x .  Limited  PHONE FAHt 114a        203^INGSWAY ? I  < * -i   , T4-->.  ^ *      *"  .     L  '-.   X X / . ^~xi  4        *' *>    ^ J   * S   ^     U   *'  > ..      .T     \ _.,   f. k ~*t  ���������I -        i '��������� .   \   ~" f   'r  -    '   v ,   ���������>   ' "���������* '        ..,    ,  .*   J  1   -  <     r   ,  Friday, November 5, 1915.  l/v5  SPORTING COMMENT  Tommy Burns is in New Orleans  and is promoting a big scrap between Jess "Willard, the champion,  and some other white aspirant,  | preferably Moran. The bout will  be for 20 rounds ahd will take  place some time in March.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Hamilton Tigers have cinched  the eastern rugby "honors, having  defeated Ottawa in the Capital  on Saturday last. The Tigers  have an entirely new lineup from  that of a few seasons ago, but  still have a great machine to  place on the gridiron any time a  likely title aspirant looms up.  Argos and Ottawa will fight it  out for second place, with Montreal in tb:e cellar.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Bobby Rowe has signed up with  the Rosebuds for this year. Lester Patrick gave him his release  from the Aristocrats and the little fellow immediately landed a  job with Savage, of the Portland  team.  Oatman and Tobin have signed  up for Portland and it is .likely  Harris will come to terms this  week. The Rosebuds have not  been successful in securing the  signature of Dunderdale as yet,  and it is just possible that he  may have to go a-begging for a  place, if he does not limber up  a little. Dunderdale has always  been slow to sign up, in fact,  he always seems to want just a  little more than he is worth. The  Patricks know just .what a player  is worth, and they treat their  men on the square. In the interest  bf his own finances, it would.be  wise for Dunderdale to get 'busy  right away.  The wires from the east still  whisper of the transfer to Ottawa of Fred Taylor. Taylor is  not saying too much on the matter, so there may be a grain of  truth in the posibility af*ter all.  ��������� -������   *  Irvine, of Winnipeg, the star  defence man, has made an announcement to the effect that as  yet he has not been approached  by the coast magnates to turn  professional and play hockey out  this way. Irvine has a great reputation, and it would be in the  interest of the game to see him  out this way.  ��������� ��������� ' ���������  The cry from Seattle is encouraging. A couple of players  signed up, and more on the way,  says Pete Muldoon. Pete's worry is partially over. He has selected the colors for his sweaters, and they are loud enough to  blow the referee's whistle. Green,  maroon and white. Whew! Just  like a Seattle combination any  how. But Pete says he will make  the best of them travel for the  honors, and he ought to know.  ��������� ������   #  Our old friend "Newsy" Lalonde is advertising again. The  report has it that he is being  signed for the coast league." Patrick denies this absolutely, and  apparently has no idea, of seeking the Frenchman's services. He  is more anxious to get that $750  from Kennedy, of the Canadians,  for the sale of Lalonde: Newsy  is about done as a star on the  steel blades now, and while there  may be a season or so left in  him,  he  has * been  indulging in  HANBimY-5  For  LUMBEH--SASH-POORS  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview J075  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACESHIPYARDS, LTD.  .I^IPSIJW ^nd SWPWJTOTOS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, JDbckecl, Fainted a  x a^  North Vancouver, B. 0,  sport at too strenuous a pace to  last much longer. He cannot  play lacrosse all sijmmer and  hockey all winter without it telling on his physique. Newsy was  a great player in his day, but  his "five or six years" are up  by now.  ���������   ���������   ���������  President Patrick, of the Coast  League is only allowing enough  information to leak out in connection with the hockey war to  keep the fans on the keen edge  of expectancy. Reports are rife  about' the manner in which the  stars are being lined up, but to  date not one public announcement  of importance has been made.  President Patrick is in 'Seattle  looking after the plant there in  an advisory way, but will be home  next week and something should  be stirring by that time. The  eastern men are meeting shortly  to see what can be * done,' but  their star players are not signing  up, and it looks as though, some  of the best of them will be out  this way shortly.  President Quinn, of the N.H.A.,  is  busy endeavoring .to  shoulder  off  some  of  the' blame  for the  war on President ��������� Patrick. He is  anxious to show that,he sent a  message to the coast league in the  spring of this year and received  no answer to it. Yes, the letter  was   received all   right, but the  proposals of the, eastern magnate  were so utterly absurd that Mr.  Patrick, ignored them entirely. It  will' ultimately strike President  Quinn   that   it   is better to   be  truthful in  all  public   dealings,  even in sport. As we have -said  before,-, there is only one way to  elevate     Canadian    professional  sport, and that is for the business  heads of the venture to play clean  and fair all the time, and not just  when it suits the convenience of  their respective teams. As far as  we can make out, the coast league  has played fair by the easterners  and if the hockey war busts the  eastern league, it is the fault of  the  men who have  been' at  the  head  of affairs.     Kennedy and  Quinn seem to be birds of a fea  ther,   but   they   will learn, and  that at no late date.  #   #   ���������  A Jitney Service to the Arena  Victoria is surely -receiving a  shakeup this year. To date Lester Patrick has four men signed,  and with himself playing on the  deJen~ce. he has the best part of  his team on hand. Lindsay will  likely be seen in goal again, with  Patrick and Genge on the defence. Poulin and Ran McDonald  are the "only sure bets for the  forward line so far, but there are  several young felloes anxious to  catch, a place, and .these will in  all likelihood get a chance to  make good. Dubbie Kerr is in  Calgary, and is a doubtful starter, SiAail has been canned, and is  looking for a berth on one of the  eastern teams, Dunderdale and  Rowe go to Portland.,It will be  a good thing for Victoria to have  some new blood this year.  THB COLORS OF THE FLAG  THE BRAVE AT HOME  We must protect our flag, my boys,  The dear old Union Jack; '  We must enlist���������our country calls���������  And we must not turn back .        N  We hear of air the bloody strife,  We^hear of British pluck,  We  hear of Kitchener pleading more  We dare not" see him stuck.    \  -  -Come on, boys, fill in the lines,  Don't fall behind' and lag, - *  Your home, your love, must sacrifice  To save our dear old flag.  We know the Kaiser's gone war mad  He'll fight till shot and guns  Been wiped off all our earthly soil;  He's urging on the Huns,  His brain's afire with battle strife���������  He careB not what he slaughters;  The dear old Union Jack must wave  O'er England's land and waters,  So boys, don't stand and-see us shot,  Before the Kaiser's eyes,  Don't  stand   and   see   our , good old  ships  Go down with moans and cries.  Jitney drivers ought to be  alive to their interests during the  hockey schedule, this_winter, and  inaugurate a system of traffic  from Mt. Pleasant to the rink,  It is' a long drive and an inconvenient system of having to take  the tram car, and it would no  doubt prove good business for  those engaged in the motor bus!  ness to inaugurate some' system  of swift and direct travel over  Connaught bridge to the arena  for the convenience of residents  of Mt. Pleasant and Fairview.  (By   Thomas   Buchanan   Bead)  The maid who binds her warrior's sash  With smile that well her pain dissembles,  The while beneath her drooping lash  One starry tear-drop hangs and trembles. ,  Though heaven alone records the tear,  And  fame shall   never   know   her  story, /  Her heart has shed a drop as dear  As e'er bedewed the field of glory.  The   wife   who   girds  her husband's  sword,  M\d little ones who weep or wonder,  And bravely speaks the cheering word,  What    though    her    heart  be  rent  asunder,  Doomed nightly in her dreams to hear  The bolts of death around him rattle.  Has shed as sacred blood as e'er  Was poured upon the field of battle.  The mother who conceals her grief  While to   her   breast her son   she  presses,  Then breathes a few brave words and  brief,  Kissing the patriot brow she blesses.  With no one but her secret God ,  To know the pain that weighs upon  her  Sheds holy blood as o'er the sod  Beceived    on   Freedom's   field  honor.  So shoulder guns, defy them' all,  Let's conquer   bloody  strife,   .  Bring glory, fame to motherland,  With bugle, drum and fife,  Come,  boys,  enlist  to  country calls,  We must protect   our   land,   '  So drop your tools, pick up your gun,  Join England hand and hand;  No British  soldier hangs behind,  He grabs his shot and gun;  So boys, let's help our brother kin  And fight till "Kingdom come."  We see our comrades, one by one,  Fall 'neath the "Home of Death,"  We see them struggling, yet to save  The flag till their last breath;  What man would stand to see such grit  And  yet not  do  their part;  It's   "life for   life,"   we   take   our  chance���������  But loyal from the start.  So let us fight in blood and mire,  True glory let us bring '  Back to our homes midst cheers and  shouts,  Long wave the "Union Jack."  Destroying Guns '  It may be necessary to destroy; ���������"  guns to prevent their falling into Aj-  the  hands of the  enemy,  or to  X  make captured guns useless.    If  a small amount of dynamite or  other explosive' is available,    of  course this can be -done very ef- -V"  fectively. ' ' '    y   '  If. not the breech of the gun.is  closed and the hinge-joints smashed as much as possible with A   ...  handspike or  pick. If there   is x  time, a few rifle shots fired at the  vital points of the gun effective- ��������� >'.  ly jam the mechanism so as tb  make it useless.  ,  ���������\ f  With rifles, the butts are took- '.-  en off and the barrels destroyed   -  as much as possible.'To do this  the rifles are well heated over a,   ,.  fire and smashed up with heavy r ,  hammers.  The  army, handbooks  lay down that a party of five soldiers should be able to destroy  fifty rifles an hour.  The Western Call is rend' by  10,000 people weekly. An advertisement in it brings results.  SYNOPSIS   OF   OOAL   MIKING  REGULATIONS  THE TERM "B080HE  ������������  Coal  mining rights of the  Demin-  on,   in   Manitoba,   Saskatchewan   and  Alberta,   the   Yukon   Territory,   the ,  North-west Territories and in a nor- .  tion  of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one yeara at an annual rental  of $1 an acre.   Not more than 2^60,  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application f������r a lease must ..Jo**--  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent oz tho distriet in which the rights applied tot  are situated.  In surveyed territory,the land ������Mt  ,'be   described  by, seetiens,   orj'ltgaI<-  on  Flaying Safe  One of Australia's best land  scape painters was out with his  'bags of tricks near Dayjesford  recently. He had pitched in front  of an old two-roomed, wattle-and-  dah 'hut, softened with a crimson-  flowered creeper, which he  thought would make an excellent  little sketch. While he was working a tall, hairy man came out  of the hut, and regarded him  with some misgiving.  The hut dweller approached.  _"Watcher _doin,X mister."_ he  asked.  "I'm painting your picturesque  dwelling," said Patterson.  The hut dweller regarded Patterson dubiously for. a minute,  then went' indoors. Presently he  appeared with his wife, and the  two advanced toward the artist.  "Mind yeh," said the man, pointing to the painter, "I've got me  witness���������you're doing this at  your own expense."        ^  When the French desire to ex-  ,  press   disgust  and contempt forfm*-divi"ion8 ?' ������������������������tionj, and in ������-*'  tbp   Optoiiwis  fhpv  raitAr  +n  th������ surveyed  territory  the tract \ applied  tne Germans tney reter to, tlie for AaU be stoked out by the epSC  enemy soldiers as "bosches.   Few ���������- "������������������>- rr^  persons understand its meaning  and fewer still can trace its derivation. <In fact, there is a dispute  as to the origin of the word. A  writer in the Chicago Post claims  is it an abbreviated form of an  epithet .which originally contained more words.  The peasant French veterans  of the Franco-Prussian war of  1870-71 were wont to say, as they  levelled their rifles to fire, "deux  on trois des tetet de bosche vont  tomber.''  To the present time the French  country people in the vicinity of  the fortress in le territoire de Belfort, along the Alsatian boundary  line, call the Germans "tete de  bosche."   A "wooden  head"  is  tete de veau." evidently "tete  de bosche" belongs in the same  category and refers to some kind  of a head which is not an ornament to itspossessor. _  Another writer asserts that  "bosche" in French means the  ball at play in ninepins (kagel-  gugel), with three cuts for three  fingers. The French people pretend that the Germans having as  a rule round heads, with close-  cut hair, resemble a ball, and take  the two eyes and mouth for the  three cuts of the ball. That is  why the French call the Germans "bosche," or "ball-heads."  eaat himself.  Bach application mutt be" seeompani^  ed by a fee of $5 which will bo fe-  funded if. tbe rights applied for ar*  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of tbe mine at the  rate of five cents per ton. . .  The person operating tbe mine shell  furnish tbe Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable eoal mined and pay tho  royalty thereon.1 If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year. ���������  The lease will include the ceal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre'.  For full information application  should bo made to the Secretary, Ot-  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY, ���������  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication    of   this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  Rev. Dr. Thurlow Fraser, of  Owen Sound, Ontario, has joined  an overseas battalion as chaplain  and will shortly leave for the  front. Rev. Dr. Fraser will be attached to the 99th regiment of  Brandon.  LAND ACT  Vancouver &m>4 District, District of  Coast, Baage I.  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes fc.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupaition,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands: .���������>���������������������������  Commencing at a prist planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Beserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west,\ thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Beserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  s   Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES  L. CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  LOOKING EAST ON WATER STREET���������WHOLESALE WAREHOUSE  SECTION  LEGAL  Get our Bates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.-  THE WESTERN CALL  p  X'  JrJV    J>  I  4  *M  "4 >1  x:  ���������'���������'rS'-l 8  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, November 5,1915.  '       r  >' X  o    J-  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  ^  Mr. W. Ouickshank, of. the  Western Call office, has joinedthe  47th battalion of New Westminster, and will leave with that  battalion at an early date for the  front. "Billie" has been connect:  ed with the Call ever since its  inception and even iri the days  of the Mt. Pleasant Advocate., He  is the type of young man we are  loathe to see leave a community,  but the empire demands the best  and in Mr. Cruickshank the 47th  have a splendid young man. We  wish him Godspeed and a safe  return.  The 47th Battalion, Col. Wins-  by commander, has received information that they will almost  immediately proceed to the front.  The 47th battalion has been recruited in New Westminster, and  the summer months have been  spent at the military camp at Vernon. The battalion has returned to the Royal City and is at the  present time over strength. The  boys expect to leave on. Sunday.  Westminster Y. M. C. A. are  leading in the tri-city membership contest with a total of 102Q  points. Vancouver is second with  856 and Victoria third with 777.  The complete standing last night  was Westminster, 4570; Vancouver, 3831, and Victoria 3478.  RETAIL GROCERS' ASS'N  Vancouver retail grocers met  last night and elected the following officers: Pres., Mr. C.  Clark; vice-president, Mr. A. A.  Blain; treasurer, Mr. H. Morrow;  secretary, re-elected, Mr. T. J.  Corley; directors, Messrs. E. A.  Davy, Wm. Swindell, T. C. McTaggart, J. A. Henderson, E. Mc-  Elroy, A. Barker, S. Pritchard,  and Mr. W. H.' Walsh, the' retiring president..  CANADIAN CLUB OFFICERS  Mt.  PLEASANT  Y.P.S.C.E.  The above society held their  , usual meeting Monday evening  last ivith a fair attendance . The  topic, "Tasks That Are Waiting  for the Church of-Christ," was  very ably taken by Mr. A. Moore,  who gave a- splendid and instructive talk on it.  Next Monday evening the regular quarterly rally of the young  ' people's societies will take place  in Wesley Methodist church, and  will take the form of a. Prohibition meeting. Everybody welcome.  At the annual meeting of the  Vancouver Canadian Club held  this week the following officers  were elected for the ensuing  year: President', Mr. F. W. Peters, general superintendent for  the B. C. division of the C. P. R.;  1st vice-president, Rev. W. H.  Vance; 2nd vice-president, Mr. F.  J. Proctor; literary correspondent, Mr. R. MacKay Fripp; secretary-treasurer, Mr. J. R. V.  Dunlop; executive committee,  Messrs. R. H. Alexander, ,0. B.  Allan, J. E. Hall, J. N. Harvey,  W. G. Murrin, A. G. McCandless,  Jonathan Rogers, R. S. Somerville, Dr. George Telford, Dr. S.  D. Scott, Ewing Buchan, J. N.  Ellis, Dr. John Mackay, M. A.  Macdonald and F. C. Wade.  IRISH  ASSOCIATION  The bi-minthly meeting ofvthe  Irish Association of British Columbia was held at their new  quarters, Eagles' Hall, HomerSt.,  on Thursday, 28th inst. A musical program was then presented  by the entertainment committee,  the following taking part: Messrs  Hood, Gardner, Fogg, McClelland,  Moore, Arma, Oughton and Hugo.  CHURCH  SERVICES  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian, Rev.  A. E. Mitchell, pastor, will officiate morning and evening. The  morning subject "Man's Work  and God's Promise"; evening subject, "The Man Who Shirks His  Duty." The evening subject is  the first of a series of four on  "Some Types of Men.'  Mt. Pleasant Methodist, Rev.  Dr. Sipprell, pastor, will preach  morning and evening. The morning subject, "One Clear Call for  Me''; evening' sub j ect, " Glory  Through Sacrifice."  Ruth Morton Memorial Baptist Church, Rev. J. W. Litch, pastor. Sacrement on Sunday morning, subject, "Jesus is Here"; p.  m., "The Moral Right to Enact a  Prohibition Law."  THE HABIT   OF   HAPPINESS  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, RounsefelJ & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal and Corporation Bonds (Canadian),  yielding from 5 per cent,  to 7 per cent.  Bents and-Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments' made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, "Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  Mojson's Bank Building. W8utD>nl9t Wit)  J  ARMSTRONG, MOWUSQN & CO.  LIMITED   Public Work* Contractors  Bead Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Pair. 1554  No matter what his vocation1 or  condition' in life may be, every  man owes it to himself and to  the world to form the habit .of  being just as happy as he can.  Happiness means harmony, and  harmony means health and efficiency.  Much natural ability is rendered-inefficient because men do not  realize that discord, whether in  fear, worry, selfishness, hatred oir  jealousy, is a health and happiness killer; an efficiency blighter.  Many men waste more vitality  and mental energy in a few minutes of. hot temper than. would  be required in the legitimate txu>  ning of their business for days.,.  Happiness is a great stimulator of growth. Nothing grows  when discordant. When we shall  have learned how to conserve our  energies by getting our minds into harmony, even the hardest  day's, work will not tire us. It is  nerve exhaustion, wasted energy  throiigh unnatural, discordant  conditions that makes us jaded  and tired out���������the result of  friction-in-our machinery-. If we  could keep ourselves in a happy  condition all day, we should be  fresh at night. It is by keeping  ourselves in perfect harmony that  we become more efficient and get  the most out of life.  VOCALIST LOCATES  IN VANCOUVER  Mr. Emerson Abernethy, who  has been studying and engaged  in the musical-profession in Europe for several years, has recently returned to Vancouver and  will ��������� take up his profession in  this city. Mr. Abernethy left  Vancouver eight years ago, "and  has had a very interesting career.  G.oing directly to the Royal Academy of Music, London, he had  the good fortune to be placed  with Signor Moretti for.tuition.  Twenty-five years ago, Signor  Moretti was one of the leading  baritones in the. operatic world,  having made a great name in  Milan,, Rome, Naples and New  York. As a teacher he is not less  famous and has brought out several notable artists, among them  the great tenor, Signor, Zanatello.  After two years training with  Signor Moretti,. it was deemed advisable -to send Mr. Abernethy to  Italy to study with the great  Maestro, Signor Sabatini of Milan. Signor Sabatini was one of  Italy's greatest tenors for many  years, he sang on the opera stage  for twenty years appearing several seasons at New York, Paris  and London. He had wonderful  technique, the proof of which is  that although he is eighty years  of age, he still sings, to assist his  pupils. Signor Sabatini trained  Mr. John McCormack, Signor Cicada, Mr.. Crawley and several  other good artists. Mr. Abernethy  studied for .two years with Signor Sabatini and thoroughly absorbed/.he fijje Italian art, his  teacher, who treated him more as  a son than a pupil advised him  to go to Paris to finish his studies, so he trained with the late  Maitre and baritone Monsieur De  Lacroix.  Mr. Abernethy then spent con  siderable time singing in Germany, where he also studied with  some of their greatest teachers  before returning to London, England, where he has been singing  and teaching with great success  until coming ,to Vancouver.  Mr. Abernethy has a very ex  tensive repertoire in Italian,  French and German as well as in  English and is open for engagements in opera,- concerts, at homes  and recitals. He has opened a studio at 658 Granville Street for  teaching voice production, breathing and singing. He offers very  careful and serious training and  will be pleased to give advice to  anyone interested in the "Art of  Singing."  Eighteen Years of Good Servio  To the citizens of Vancouver has~been amply repaid by their continued pat-]  ronage���������making this   packing,   moving,   storing   and   shipping business - th  largest in "Western Canada.   "Fireproof Storage and Silver Vaults," remova"  in modern "Car Vans," expert packing and shipping at cut rates, saving fro  25 per cent#  to 45 per cent, in freight charges.    See  US:���������  "WE KNOW HOW"  (ampbellStorace Q>mpany  Oldest and largest in Western Canada  *PHone Seymour 7360 OrreL857BEAT_TY_3_rREET  J: Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  Office Phone:  G. Murray  House Phone:. Bay. 1137L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St. ' Vancouver  B.C.  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of POULTRY SUPPLIES, HAT, GBAOT,  CHOP, ETC.  Vernon Feed Co.  49TH AND FRASER  (Branch from Mt. Pleasant)  WE STAND FOB QUALITY, SERVICE    AMD   LOW    PRICES  oes  llBailfforWc^  iMaa  Over 115,000 second hand razors have been collected at Sheffield and 75,000 have been repaired; reset, and sent out to the  troops.  el  CAN A SHOE BE HONEST?  Can tbe term "honest" be applied to footwear as well  as to persons, if the boots and shoes arc made of the  finest leather to be procured in the world's markets���������if  they are made to wear, fit, and appear to advantage?   If so  LECKIE'S BOOTS AND SHOES  are ��������� honest���������honest  all   the  way  through.  JUST  WEAR  A  PAIR   AND  JUDGE  FOE- YOURSELF.  Made in B. C. At all Dealers  ���������1:;;^^^  "When an enemy smites us on  the cheek few of us have the  cheek to turn the other.    Among ships' cargoes capttir-  ed by the British were: Human  hair, buffalo horns, African and  Indian curiosities, sausage skins,  toothpicks and mouth organs.  Ottawa, Canada  ���������PH-INCU,!!  & GUTJUXB   Barristers and Solicitors ���������  Clive Pringle., N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 84-8  Corner Broadway and Main A. P. McTavish, Prop.  CYPRESS TREE, CALIFORNIA  -.ix


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