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The Western Call 1915-10-08

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 ' 1X" 4"  fbAV  MWJME VII.  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  At jroor Mrvfc* dw aad.,  -   '"----���������iaht.     v-     ?  Modatmto charge*  808 Brwtfwa-f W������*  - Phase: lUr. J10N  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, f FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8. 1915  BRIDGE TRAFFIC COMMENCES  A AFTER MANY MONTHS of patient waiting  ie ~ business   and   residential   .section   imme-  iately south    of Connaught Bridgel is' show-  jig signs of returning life, with the opening of  he bridge for traffic, which occured this week,  business nouses in this vicinity have been prac-  ically forced ��������� out of business since the bridge  iiras burned,  but  with the  expected  return of  .raffle  along this  thoroughfare merchants  are  Crushing  up in  anticipation  of > a  fair  season  from now on.     Let us hope their expectations  may be realized.    The district is one of the best  in, the city, the merchants among1 the most reliable and the goods on display art all that could  be^ desired.  THE PROVINCIAL  SUNDAY SCHOOL CONVENTION  THE CRISIS IN B. C.  , IF THE CRISIS IN B. C. PAMPHLET is not  part of a political and partisan campaign, then  why do its supporters persist in extreme attacks  on our province through eastern political journals such as the Toronto Globe *  In the issue of that journal of Sept. 30, Rev.  Cooke has a long letter in which he says the  Attorney-General was guilty "of "gross distortion  -Ifact, deliberate falsehood, and direct evasion."  &Mr. Cooke and Dr. MacDonald, of the Globe,  %uld know that calling a public man a "liar"  iMcarcely as convincing to the public as pro-  stion of. sane reasons. '  The whole trouble with this notorious pamphlet is that it is abusive and destructive, with-  K^tfV*- a shadow of fairness or of constructive  !i5^cism in it. It is excellent political capital,  its economic value is nil..  UNITED BRITISH COLUMBIA  ^^���������^NTLE&AN whos stands high in the con-  ������_of. Lord Kitchener,   and whbXEor nine  was   Governor of, Khartoum,   recently  y  , as it is the most ^beautiful land under  ih flag." Such was the opinion of the  bed gentleman.  ot regrettable that some persons, who  heeiHu tfte^rtsvince for B"fBwJ"ywfr,-'  aider it their duty to blackguard our  to the whole world?  zens we are not faultless, but those of  griw-po have been here for a number of years  Ikfe proud of our country, and are anxious to  build it up.   If we'have done wrong let us rectify tbe error by pulling together for the best  interest of our beloved province���������let us be unit- .  ed in our efforts to build up, not to tear down.  If we- have criticisms to offer, let it be constructive. If we are to root out corruption, let  it be done by building up virtue. So shall we  prosper.  STEFANSSON'S BIT OF RED  FORGOTTEN by the world engaged in a. lif e-  and-death struggle, the explorer Stefansson and  his intrepid companions, long since given up for  lost, have been adding another hit of red to the,  map in a region hitherto marked unexplored.  Stefansson's own story of his great discovery  is told in .a despatch which appeared in all the  papers of Canada some weeks ago. There is no  pretence about it. He recounts in the most mat- ,  ter-of-fact way tbe sighting of a new and in the  Beaufort Sea, that, next to Greenland, may prove  to be tbe greatest within the Arctic Circle. Only  a few days were spent upon the land discovered,  and the weather conditions were such that observation was difficult. A, chain of high mountains  was seen away in the interior, which indicates  that the new land extends far tq the north. Having made arrangements for provisioning, Stefansson has gone back to the Beaufort Sea to continue his wrork of exploration. Before he returns  to civilization he may be able to map out much  of tbe coast line of the region over which he has  hoisted the British flag as the accredited re-'  presentative of the Government, of Canada.  In the unexplored portion of. the^north polar  region between tbe mouth of the Maclcenzig River  and the North Pole there is ample room for:an,',  island over a thousand miles in extent from  north to south; and at least eight hundred miles  fronTeast to west. That a single great island will  be found to occupy the unexplored region is,  however, improbable; The more likely result of  Stefansson's explorations will be the discovery  of a series of islands and peninsulas constituting  a labyrinth similar to that already mapped as ly-v  ing off the mainland of Canada between Greenland and the region as. yet unexplored.  The discovery of records^ left by McClintock  probably while conducting V the. search for the  Franklin expedition almost seventy years ago recalls the last great tragedy of the "Northwest  Passage." It is but a little-oyer a decade since  Amundsen, before he wonvin^erishable fame by  his discovery of the South Pole^.'fii^t sailed a vessel from Europe across theV Arctic to Behring  Straits and so made the Northwest Passage, in  striving to accomplish which inany gallant explorers had laid down their lives.  Stefansson's work is hot done, but it mayal?  ready be said of him that by his tenacity of pur-,  pose, his fertility of resource, and his intrepidity  in action he has won for himself a high place,  among those who have made known to mankind  what lies hid amid the northern mists.  THE ANNUAL CONVENTION of the Provin-,  cial Sunday School Association is taking place in  Vancouver this week, the sessions being held  in the Wesley Methodist church. There is nothing spectacular about the convention, it is  purely and simply an enthusiastic gathering of  consecrated men and women to devise ways vand  means to further the interests of Sunday School  work in this province. No one will deny the importance of the meetings that are being held.  Some really, inspiring addresses have been made,  and some splendid thoughts scattered abroad  to be taken back to the individual schools  all over British Columbia. The Sunday School  movement has gained much ground in recent,  years, it is only yet- in its infancy. The possibilities for future progress are tremendous.  This is the day of new beginnings, of new  objectives, and the Sunday Schools of British  Columbia are in the vanguard of the righteous'  procession.        '  The future of our Dominion .depends on the <  boys and girls of to-day.     The millions of willing workers who sacrifice time and money to the'  cause of giving the boys and girls a chance in life  are even now seeing a splendid harvest for the~>  seed sown.       The Sunday School workers of today are1 not dreamers only, although that is good, _  they are workers, hard-headed business men and'  women who have realized the value of a child.  May the Sunday School movement increase  many fold, until it has touched every boy and  girl in our land. When that is done we need  have no fear for the future of our country, or  its political ideals.  1 X������r  AMERICAN FORTUNES  ACCORDING to the income tax returns for  ten months of 1914, there are in the United States  1598 fortunes yielding an income of, $100,000  per year or oyer. Practically all of these fortunes  are so invested and hedged about with restrictions upon expenditure that they are, to all intents and purposes,' perpetuities.. The industrial  relations board found:  "An analysis of fifty of the largest American  fortunes shows that nearly half have already  passed to the control of heirsN or - to "trustees  (their vice regefcte^, and that the remainder will  -pass to the wntrol of heirs within" 20years upon  the deaths of the 'founders.' Already, indeed,  these founders have almost without exception  retired from active service, leaving the management ostensibly to their heirs, but actually to  executive officials upon salary.  "We have, according to the income tax returns, 44 families, with incomes of $1,000,000 or  more, whose members perform little or no useful  service, but whose aggregate incomes, totalling  at the least fifty millions per year, are equivalent to the earnings of 100,000 wage earners,  at the average rate of $500. Between the two  extremes of. superfluity and poverty is the large  middle class, farmers, manufacturers, merchants,  professional men, skilled artisans, and salaried  officials whose incomes are more or less adequate  for their legitimate needs and desires, and who  are rewarded more or less exactly in proportion  to service., They have problems to meet in adjusting expenses to income, but the pinch of  want and hunger is not felt ,nor is there the  deadening^ devitalizing effect of, superfluous, unearned wealth.  "From top to bottom of society, however, in  all grades of incomes are an innumerable number of parasites of every conceivable type. They  perform no useful service, but drain off from the  income of the producers a sum whose total cannot  be estimated." ,  ; i  WOOD BLOCK PAVEMENTS  CREOSOTED WOOD BLOCK pavements are  rapidly becoming recognized as a most satisfactory street paving material. They are noiseless, durable, sanitary, and, if properly treated  and laid, are distinctly economical. The failures in the past which have in some cases prejudiced cities against wood blocks have been  corrected, so that there is no excuse now for the  existence of any wood' block pavement which  doesn't meet all of the modern requirements of  service. The improvements in the methods of  treatment and laying are largely the result of  organized activity by various associations representing either the lumber interests or woOd-  preserving plants."  Market in England  Before the war, the quantity of timber used  for wood block paving was increasing yearly. It  is now in general use in nearly all of the several  hundred boroughs whose population is greater  than 60,000. Its growing popularity is due to  the fact that it shows a- longer life under mo-  torbus traffic than any other smooth pavement  that has yet been produced at equal expense,  to the ease with which repairs.may be made and  to the absence of dust or noise.   ;_  X.X.-There are.: a few prominent cities, such as  Glasgow. Dublin, Belfast, Liverpool, where woodblock paving is not used,except in front of hos-  pitals and schools. In these cities either granite sets are used, which may be laid at a cost,  ���������inclusive of, all charges except foundation for  $1.75 per square yard and which last twenty  years under very heavy traffic. When granite  sets are in general use in a city, the introduction  . of the smoother and more noiseless wood paving is delayed by the method of shoeing the  draught horses with sharp corks, which -tear up  J   the wood blocks.  ������?  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 22 ..  ���������r  MUNICIPAL IMPROVEMENTS  ]     ALMOST WITHOUT EXCEPTION the municipalities of Canada are passing through, a period   of1 financial   strait,   when   local   improvement work has been curtailed and the strictest  economy must be exercised.  The capital invested in so-called permanent  improvements, totals a very large sum, and [re-  ,' presents a great proportion of the taxes collected  from the people. With'this large expenditure  in mind the question naturally arises, ''la the  money invested in local improvements being  expended to the best advantage?"  In the matter of roadways, pavements and'  sidewalks, this question is causing a great deal of  i thought  on the  part of students qf municipal  problems.   In many cities the streets are becom-  ing sample sheets of the various kinds of paving  -materials. The influence or persuasive ability of  salesmen may introduce new systems of roadway construction without number. These  com-  ipositions  are adopted  and used, regardless of  climatic conditions or suitability for the traffic  requirements. _Each municipality depends upon  its -own, engineering advice.  In  rare  instances  only is any testing equipment available. The re-  ���������'ault is that no uniformity of value in paving or  sidewalk material,is secured.  Canada has reached the stage when municipalities should have available a Bureau of Municipal Research, as. part of a Department of. Local.��������� Government in each province. The need of  such a source of information is urgent. Municipal government and municipal engineering are  -being conducted in too haphazard a manner for  the general and permanent public good. This  Bureau should deal with such questions as the  testing of materials and the adoption of standards. These standards would be based upon  the .practical requirements. For instance, while  a business thoroughfare with heavy traffic requires a certain surface material and,depth of  foundation; a' residential street with a minimum  Of traffic does not demand the same wear-resisting aurface nor sustaining foundation. In like  manner, also, sidewalk standards should be adopted suitable to. traffic requirements.  The question is a large one. Millions of dollars  of the_ people's money are being spent annually  ahd -the credit of municipalities is being' pledged  to'carry out work of. a supposedly permanent-  character, in ^the hope that it,trill prove *atis-  JM*?*?: -Ja the absence of any definite inforation to the contrary, advice or prejudice iji  favour of certain materials cannot be offset. No  doubt if more accurate data were available, the  money now spent on many of these improvements  could be made go much farther by more judicious  selection of methods and materials.  ���������MARKET |N GBEAT BBJTAJN.  FOR BROOM HANDLES  THE DEPARTMENT is in receipt of a com-  nmunication from Mr. J. T. Lithgow, trade commissioner at Glasgow, pointing out a market in  Great Britain for broom handles and wooden  cloth rollers. A Glasgow firm, who were formerly supplied with these articles from Swedish and  Russian sources, is now desirous of entering into  negotiations with reliable Canadian manufacturers. The firm in question is prepared to import at present from 6 to 8 car loads a year, to  pay lis. per gross, f.o.b. Atlantic port, and to  take charge of the s.s. freight and other charges.  The firm requires broom handles to be made  from soft wood, spruce, fir������ white pine, or bass-  wood.- It is useless to quote hardwood of any  diameter by 49 inches long; 11-8 inch by 50  description. The sizes required are 1 inch in  inches. The No. 1 quality is to be free from  knots. The No. 2 quality is to be free from  large or loose knots. The specifications for cloth  rollers are as follows: 11-8 inch by 28 1-2 inches  long and up to 6 feet. Canadians, interested in  supplying this market, may obtain the name and  address of this firm on application to the Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa.  GRAIN TRADE NECESSITIES  New Grain Elevator for Manchester  THE PORT OF MANCHESTER has added  greatly to its usefulness bythe opening of a new  grain elevator. The building is not, however,  fully equipped with machinery. Manchester's importations of grain now reach over 600,000 tons  per annum. In the early days of the canal no  special facilities were provided for the handling  of grain, but the possibilities were soon realized  by the Ship Canal Company, and Manchester  now has a total storage capacity of 3,000,000  bushels.  Capacity and Equipment  The new elevator has a holding capacity equal  to the one at Trafford wharf of 40,000 tons (1,-  500,000 bushels) and is capable of handling grain  at the rate of 1,200 tons per hour. It is a reinforced concrete building with steel window-  frames and doors, comprising 260 storage bins  and 81 shipping bins. The structure is 160 feet  high, 295 feet long and 165 feet wide. The equipment includes six receiving elevators and six  shipping elevators, each of these being provided  with an automatic scale capable of weighing  200 tons of grain per hour. An interesting feature is its subways on both sides of the dock,  in which run band conveyors so arranged that  while the general cargo is being dealt with, portable elevators and conveyors will be used for  discharging parcels of grain from vessels to  the granary. ���������  CANADIAN BANKING  FROM TIME TO TIME this journal has pointed out some apparent faults or weaknesses in -  our Banking System . We do not- wish to  be understood as condemning the whole system  because of these faults, but feel that with alight  change to the Bank Act much could, be done  to improve and strengthen our Banking with  the public. '  One change we have advocated is the establishment of a Central Rediscount Bank under  the government control. Such a Bank would  "rediscount" certain classes of prime commercial paper and that liquidate the asset of the  original Bank and enable it to do still further  business.  Another point is that all Bank notes, be issued by tne Government and allowed to the  Banks on a division of profits.  The third point is, however, the  most im- -  portant and that refers to the practice of plac-~  ing   call loans   in. New   York.   In July   this  amounted to $139,000,000, on August 31st last  $120,607,000, and varies from time to time.  Now the Banks (and we note also, the Editor of the News-Advertiser) tell the public that  this huge sum-is held to meet foreign exehange  and also large deposits from abroad. As to  foreign exchange, that depends largely upon  amount of imports over exp'orts. Our foreign  trade in 1913 reached its highest mark, and in  that year the Banks got along with $60,000,000  to $70,000,000 in call loans, but now claim that  with a smaller demand for the exchange, and.  with our exports more nearly approximating our '  imports, they olaim to require more than double  the amount then' needed.  As to the contention that this call loan-money  is required for liquidation of "deposits from  abroad," we would point' out that deposits  from abroad, pins BabiliHy to other Banks  abroad, equal $146,292,000, while current loans  abroad amount ty: $118,923,000, which sum also  'varies from time" to time. In addition to? this  the Bankf^hfVQ lotined in "call loans" elsewhere,  than m0->Mai^{l!$d!y to stock brokers of  Wall street) ^,607,000 as per Bank statement  of August 31st last,' or, $139,000,000 in a previous  statement. y    X     " - . ;  .  In dtfterwords tb> "'call loan" business in  New York is a special feature' in Canadian  Banking and is not necessary to maintain the  stability of our" currency, but is "a convenience  to our Banks. Our contention is tbat our Banks  are a quasi-public institution; and their primary  duty lies to the public and now is the time to  loosen up a very large portion of this "call"  money in commercial loans in Canada.  A DOMINION OOVEIWMENT  ���������WAN IN CANADA  OUR CANADIAN BANKS have .deposits in  their savings departments of $692,580,626  from Canadian depositors". This money is  there because, of its absolute security and is  invijed by the Banks in various ways. One  method is, as outlined above, in Call Loans to  stock brokers, and in this way from $100,000,000  to $139,000*,000 is loaned. Now, why should we  not issue a popular loan in Canada and let them  jn turn distribute to the public, and_such money  as may be withdrawn from the Banks to take  up this loan could be replaced by recalling the  N. Y. loans. Then to meet emergent calls for  New York exchange our Banks could, and would  hypothecate Dominion Government Bonds, which  would be just as sound in every way as broker's  loans.  By all means let us have a Dominion Government Loan in Canada. <  WBAT IX. S. jmCrBT DO  DR. LYMAN ABBOTT has, at least, some  definite plan for the United States to adopt iri  dealing with Germany, short of actual war:  "We can declare non-intercourse with Germany, forbidding allohrade between this country and the offending nation, and invite all  other neutral powers to unite with us in this  policy. Or we can go further than this: We might  refuse all political intercourse with Germany,  and thus say in the most emphatic manner possible that we will have nothing to do with a lawless nation until it discontinues its lawless acts.  Or we might go even further than this. We might  neutral; you have put to death unarmed Airirc-  ican citizens; you have trespassed beyond the  say to Germany: You refuse us the rights of a  limits which civilized nations have placed upon  the action of belligerents, and, therefore, you  have no right to expect us to perform the duties  of a neutral; you have deprived yourself of all  right to claim neutrality from us; we are, therefore, placing guards upon German ships, opening  our ports to the fleets of the allies, and, with  the sanction of the government are furthering  the sending of munitions of war to the allies."  The Red Cross has now in France more than  a thousand motor ambulances which have carried  over 100,000 patients. This method of transport  has undoubtedly saved a great number of lives,  besides preventing a multitude of amputations.  The maintenance of such a large fleet of cars  requires numerous workshops and.an extensive  personnel of mechanics and a clerical staff. The  cost of the Red Cross motor ambulance department is nearly $25,000 a week.  ^r>'  -4 .v'   , 4,    *  -"-.<<"   ���������  &1  '���������*���������' -X  4 T   r-j  Friday,  October 8,  1915.  f.  THE NEW BRITISH COLUMBIA  (By   Norman Lambert in   Maclean's Magazine)  The "building of a second transcontinental railroad across Canada was undertaken with the  view of making competition in  the business of. carrying freight  and passenger traffic. The opening of that second transcontinental highway, the Grand Trunk  Pacific, for operation to the Pacific coast, last fall, has done  more than create a new line of  transportation through the mountains and the Middle West. It  has given the tourist in Canada  a new variety of scenery. It  has done even more than that. It  has introduced to the people of  this country, a part of their heritage which is altogether . unlike  any other part; a vast realm  with a new character, by no  means the least attractive in a  Dominion of many parts and  many features.  The danger which lurks in any  description or discussion of the  new route through northern British Columbia, is that which rises  out of the very human frailty of  making comparisons and contrasts, or setting up the old  against the new. The more southerly line through the mountains, now well-known by people  all the way round the world,  still appeals in undimmed beau-  teousness to many tourists, while  the less abeaten path of the new  north has charms to capture the  exclusive praises'. of another  group of travelers.  But the truth is, there is no  absolute basis of comparison in  this question of picturesqueness.  Just as beauty, pure and inspiring, is contained alike in differ-  , ent types of architecture, so it  may be found in varying  stretches of landscape, or moun-  , tain viiew. The degree of beauty  in a piece of scenery, as in one  of the periods of architecture, is  largely a matter of taste. For  years, the Rocky Mountains of  British  Columbia have been ac-  i ' -  cessible to the travelling public  over the lines of the Canadian  Pacific Railway, and our picture has accorded with that now  stale, but still apt, descriptive  estimate of B. C, as "a sea of  mountains." Stupendous cliffs,  towering high, and sheer precip  ices, descending to mighty rushing rivers, skirt the fine path  along which the train threads its  way from level to level, and  from one range of mountains to  another. Massive creations of  rock and snow and ice stand on  all sides, and to the winding ribbons of steel ahead, there seems  no outlet; when suddenly the reeling retinue of coaches is ushered  up and through a narrow pass,,  and on into a new world of mountain grandeur. The magnificence  of it all is almost overwhelming.  Then the summit of the last range  is reached, where  "The   age   haa cleared the   mountain  croup   and   crest,  And we ride the iron stallion down to  . drink  Through   the   canons   to   the   waters  of  the West."  That is the scenic course  through the mountains that we  have learned to know. The new  one of. the north reveals a different British Columbia. It leaves  a picture which is truly the complement of the other. Instead of  the heights of impending rugged-  ness, the-spiral tunnels and precipitous slopes of the rivers  leading through the passes, you  see long vistas through wide,  tree-clothed valleys, with tall,  graceful, snow-capped mountains,  like Titan guards, in the background. Much beautiful soil and  a luxuriant vegetation are to be  seen in addition to rock and  snow. Coursing smoothly through  the wide valley lands, are rivers  which wind and twist themselves  into a distant wilderness of  green forest. The railroad from  which you look does not mount  in spiral fashion up some rocky  cliff, and then descend in like  manner, to a narrow outlet beside a roaring torrent. It pursues  the even tenor of its way over  easy grades from Prince Rupert  to the Yellowhead Pass where it  emerges into Jasper Park ahd  proceeds through the foothills of  Alberta. The wider valleys of  the north and the more convenient courses of the great rivers  have haid a more regular path  for the railway man than by way  of the Kicking Horse and Rogers Passes, and the feats of en-  "SERVICE FIRST"  Service is the text of -many preachments, the theme ot*  advertisements by tbe score, the bobby of hundreds of  executives, and wdl-nigb tbe dogan of tbe hour.  Service is ������ fine word in print, is really easy to talk, affords tbe glib salesman an opportunity���������and is mighty  difficult to deliver.  Our plant, our people and our purpose so*co-ordinate and  co-operate that our customers, luge and small, actually receive real, proven, helpful, inspirational service tbat i*  more a matter of precedent than prospect.  Our customers have been kind enough to tell xa tbat, tbey  .appreciate our service���������wbich encourages us to further efforts in their behalf.  If you, who read this, (have a lighting or power problem  to solve, bring it to us���������put our service to tbe test.  Hastings and Carrall Sts.  Phone Sey. 5000  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  *.'.';  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made *t Home, and get both the  Goedi ������nd the Money."  gineering, necessarily have not  been so marvellous as in .those  high and narrow defiles of the  Southern Rockies and Selkirks.  But both routes have an equal  wealth of natural beauty. The  radiance and charm of one cannot spoil the other, for both ways  through the mountains have distinctive features. They are typical of new parts of the same province, whose topography changes  as you follow the map from the  south to the north. The two principal scenic highways through  British Columbia are not rivals;  they are complementary*  To feel the gripping influence  of the wild* untouched northern  regions of British Columbia, make  the journey from Vancouver toward Alaska, on board one of the  stout little coasting vessels that  will carry you between the grey-  blue coast of the mainland on  one side and the mauntainous  shores of innumerable protecting  islands on the other side, for six  hundred miles; until one morning you slip, through narrow  straits into the peaceful harbor  of Prince Rupert. Here, in latitude 54, within sight of the  mountains of. Alaska, the vanguard of the pioneers who came  three centuries ago, as the first  bf the English to colonize the new  continent of America, have built  their last camp.'Little more than  six years old, the pioneer camp  is now a self-contained municipality with a population of over  five thousand. In that short period of years, an almost impossible townsite, set upon a rocky  plateau, has been' blasted and  drilled until its business thoroughfares, at least, have become  as even and passable as those of  the most modern city. But for the  greater part, Prince Rupert is  still a town if improvised high  ways. Trestle roadways lead out  from the central, business streets,  to the residential districts, surmounting rock and muskeg atia  height ranging from ten to thirty  feet. Physical obstacles still present themselves on every side  And, pervading the whole scene,  is the alluring atmosphere of magnificent wildness. Standing on one  of the rocky pinnacles, overlook  ing the town and its splendid  harbour, with the dark wilderness of wooded mountain rising  behind us, the writer in company  with one of the pioneers of that  northern kingdom gazed across  the waters of Hecate Straits to  the dim outline of. the Queen  Charlotte Islands, sixty miles  away. But for the town below  us and two or three weather  beaten looking fishing-boats in  the harbor, tfie view might have  been that which Drake beheld,  sailing northward centuries ago  in his little Golden Hyhde: '  "Thro' seas, unsailed by mortal, mariners,  Past isles unhailed of any human voice  Where sound and silence mingled.in  one song  Of utter solitude."  And as we stood and looked, a  big white-headed eagle suddenly  rose from the waterfront, with a  fish dangling from its talons and  flew back rapidly over the town,  to its secluded nest, high up on  the mountain side. The interruption of the scene over which one  might ponder, was pleasing rather than annoying. It suggested  still the unconquered and untamed wilderness, where man was not  yet the monarch.  Thrilling and inspiring as is  the experience of being present  to-day at the building of Prince  Rupert, it is even more stirring  to follow the trail of steel eastward from the Pacific along the  transcontinental line of the  Grand Trunk Pacific and see in  the panoramic stretch of natural  scenery, the tokens of national  wealth which should be tapped  by the present generation of  Canadians. The line of steel winds  around the southern end of Ka-  ien Island, upon which Prince  Rupert is located, and crosses to  the mainland at the mouth of the  Skeena River. Following the  north bank of that broad, swift  river, past the salmon canneries  of. Port Essington and Inverness,  the granite hills of Aberdeen, the  rushing, angry waters of the canon, the scene of many narrow escapes and tragic wrecks, the  fruit lands of the Kitsumkalum  and Lakelse valleys ,the copper  deposits at Usk, onward through  a beautiful forest for another  hundred miles to the silver-lead  mines of Hazelton and the coper  mines of Rqcher de Boule mountain, there is a vast and varied  picture, worthy of "a ten-league  canvas with brushes of comet's  hair." At New Hazelton, one is  at the point farthest north on the  line of the Grand Trunk Pacific.  An ancient road to ithe gold  fields of the Yukon here turns  northward, accompanied by the  old single Dominion telegraph  line coming from the east. After  leaving Hazelton. the transcontinental road bends southeastward and crosses the Skeena river.  The Skeena, which turns directly northward is soon lost and the  railway follows the winding  Bulkley River through a fertile  valley from Smithers" to Endako,  to the great tract of. rich fruit  and grain lands watered by the  Nechako river, which joins the  mighty Fraser at Fort George.  Through the Bulkley and Nechako valleys, the vision may  wander far. You are high up on  one slope and below a ribbon of  water may be traced through a  ground of green tree-tops east or  west, until entirely overhung  with forest. Yonder, across miles  of forest land, the horizon rises  to a line of snowy mountains  which leave the impression ' of  beauty rather than size. From  Prince Rupert to Fort George  the land thus bordering the railway is full of rich promise for  the future. It has within itself  the possibilities of a great kingdom, nestled securely between  the Pacific and the Rockies.  New British Columbia with its  spacious valleys, awaiting the  vigorous invasion of a sturdy agricultural class, of settlers, has as  yet a small population. The  new line of railway has been in  operation less than one year and  the little villages, and even the  larger places along the way, such  as Fort George* are more the result of the past years of. railway construction, than the central creation of a well-settled  and partly developed adjoining  district. The railway is dotted  with stations of more or less prospective importance. At present  community life is rare. One is  confronted now mainly with the  rugged physical character of the  country. In this new and unique  region of a province, which is not  like the Canada which most Canadians know, one wonders about  the people and the society which  one day will live in that part of  the Dominion. Like the free and  independent little Swiss nation,  the future race of British Columbia shall be made, its character  shaped, by its country. Different in climate, in physique, in  traditions   from any other pro-  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & GAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  'on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  5c  Wrapped  Loaf  Full Found  Telephone  Fairmont  -44-  Why Bake?���������Butter-  Nut Bread Costs But 5c  A big pound loar oT tlie richest, creamiest  softest, whitest bread you ever tasted. Made*  absolutely like you would make it at home���������the'  purest ingredients���������the cleanest surroundings.  While still warm it is sealed in a protective  wrapper that it may come to you CLEAN_  Telephone Fairmont 44 NOW for a trial loaf  or insist  that -your Grocer deliver a  loaf.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of the widely-used 4X Bread.  vihce, British Columbia will decide many difficult problems,  which now are regarded as a  national seriousness, without aid  from parents or sisters.  British Columbia, farthest west!  She looks on the setting sun, and  through its glamorous* exotic colorings, into the faces of strange  peoples. Need she fear the influences, effete, -periiaps, of those  Oriental races? A process of na-  tural'selection will leave noplace  for the effete.. Only the stalwart  and brave can meet the demands  of. that province whose dominating , mountains and dangerous,  tumbling rivers, whose .giant virgin forests covering wide stretches, of rich land, and the Jiard  rock' of the mineral areas, the'  very wind and rain and 'fitful  sunshine which envelop all that  wonderful in hues of light and  shade of infinite variety, will  always conquer. In the hush of  the mountained vastnesses of  British Columbia will be bred the.  great   men   of   future   Canada.  Leaving the empire of solitude  lying west of the Rockies, and  following .the Fraser in another  inclination, southeastward and  upward- to its headwaters, the  path of the railway leads into  a    new    national    playground.  Through Yellowhead Pass and in-]  lo Jasper Park, the . mountains  reach higher and the valleys be-J  come deep and gaunt. The turJ  bid Fraser approaches its glacial)  sotircc, and changes into a cry������j  stalline stream which looks likfl  a blue thread in the distance  liere, the resemblance to tbd  scenery of the more southerly!  Rockies, along the line of the C.  P. R. is striking. Rocky. Mountain and Yoho Parks, have their |  counterparts around the Yellowhead Pass and in the valley of|  the Athabasca. The last range  of the mountains, if you are travelling toward tbe east, or tbe;  first range if you are travelling  westward to the Pacific coast, is  the great divide, not only between Alberta and British Columbia, but also between the far east  and the far west. The Canadian-  born is not naturally Canadian  until he has experienced the sensation of the first sight of the  mountains? and has found one of  the narrow passes and , plunged  into their midst. Description is  futile, because the experience is  not one of the eye and the sen-  ses; it is spiritual. Besides, no  two first views of the mountains  are. th,e same,  nor are  any two  (Continued  on' Page  3)  LxncBBEnra opeeations at hammokd, e. c.  fissfes f  /  Friday, October 8,1915.  A ^^^r*  X     X X  rX ','VH'i  , ' '      Aii.,,  - >|  , "    /'+"-  ���������",���������> X'l  *��������� tr - ^ _  ��������� x     -3      <  I  THE WAR ON ALCOHOL  "There is a tide in the affairs  of men," we are told, "which!  taken at the flood, leads on to for- j  tune:" That is just as trije'of or-  ganizations and movements, as it  is of individuals. We believe it  is equally true, that great? opporT  tunities, lost or thrown away,  seldom or ever return. There  never was such a great opportunity given to the people of Australia for dealing drastically and  on statesmanlike lines with the  famous liquor business, as during  the present year. The terrific and  devastating war which has stricken the nations, and converted  Europe into a shambles- has compelled statesmen as well as reformers to think about the destructive effects of the beverage  use of alcohol as they never  thought before, and the feeling  has become almost universal that  in the interests of humanity the  drink traffic must be destroyed.  The psychological moment for  action, arrived with the advent of  the war, and from every part of.  our Dominion the demand for  prohibition should have been emphatic and insistent. Drink is delaying the output of munitions  and prolonging the war. It is  causing needless slaughter, and  threatening the very existence of  the Empire. There should be no  hesitation, therefore, in outlawing the liquor traffic, and demanding its  Instant Destruction  In that remarkably able book  entitled "Profit and Loss in  Man," by Professor Hopkins, of  the United States, it is stated that  in the early days of that country  when slavery was a legal institution, it was a penal office to sell  j>r give intoxicating liquor to a  slave, on the ground that liquor  consumption depreciated the value of the slave owner's property. To-day we know a great  deal more about the' nature and  physiological action of alcohol,  than was known in America when  human beings were bought and  sold like cattle, and yet at a time  of national peril we deliberately  license persons to make and sell  liquor for profit* and even to sell  it to the very men who are going to the front, and upon whose  clearness bf brain and steadiness  of aim largely rests the whole.  Why do we not stop the whole  business? Russia has stopped it.  France has stopped it. A strong  f but fruitless effort has been made  in Great Britain to get it stopped.  In Australia we have not even  asked to bave it stopped,   and  brave sons of broken hearted mothers are physically and morally  damaged by the "devil in solution" and are then sent to the  front where they may be slaughtered by the enemy in Europe.  But, it is asked why do we not  stop the supply of liquor to our  soldiers? Why should we, unless  at the same time it is stopped to  civilians. If. there is any satisfaction at all to be obtained from  liquor, the men who are prepared  to sacrifice their lives in defence  of Empire are surely more entitled to that ��������� satisfaction, than are  the men who are living in luxury  at home. To enact a prohibition,  which would embrace both the  civilian and the soldier, and  touch the social club, and the private cellar, as well. as the public  bar would be an honest and equitable thing to do, but to differentiate in favour of the "shirker" who lives on the people, as  against the man who gives his  life for his country would be  mean   and contemptible.  We ought to close down on the  entire traffic at least until the  war is over. Why don't we do it?  It is not from love or fear of the  publican. The retail liquor seller  ha'.'diy counts* as a factor in  keeping the liquor traffic in operation. It is the men prominent  in public life, in social life, who  readily and sometimes liberally  contribute to religious, charitable,  and patriotic objects, but who  are interested either as sellers or  purchasers of liquor for home  consumption, who stand in the  way of prohibition.  In a paper recently read at the  autumnal session of the Baptist  Union of. "Victoria, Australia, by  the Rev. F. J. Wilkin, entitled  "After the War, What?" the  writer made reference to the liquor traffic and said:  "Our national debt will be  enormously increased by the war,  but the expenditure will be justified by this one result alone, if  Britain and all her dependencies  be freed from the incubus of the  drink traffic. Too long has the  Christian Church been criminally  inert with regard to the customs  that have taken fearful toll every  year, of the nation's life, but if  every professed member of the  Christian Church should say that  strong drink shall be banished*  now, if at any time, it can be  done. Surely now is the time for  ;ttieXCtmstia^^  her might and demand that the  drink curse shall cease."  There are overwhelming reasons why action on the lines indi-  MOUNT PLEASANT PUBLIC SCHOOL  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  HEATING E���������0T������^x!,*y���������  Our Business his heci built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1093 Homer St. Sey. 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IBON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave; West.  Vancouver, B. C.  cated should be taken at once.  The great shipbuilding federation, and other huge business corporations of Great Britain, have  declared that nothing' short of  total prohibition will meet the  case, and Mr. Lloyd George admits that ���������'' root and branch methods '' alone'' will be of any avail.'!  Russia, within a few months, has  created a "new earth," and  conditions by means of prohibition. That being so, it is surely  up to the churches and temperance organizations of the Dominion to adopt a clear cut policy  of prohibition, and to insist that  the production and distribution  of alcoholic poison shall forever  cease to scourge and disgrace the  people.  THE NEW B. C.  (Continued from Page 2)  subsequent views   the same, for  that matter. One must see and  feel for one's self; that is all .  Mount Hobson, the premier  peak of the Rockies rearing its  ice-clad, symmetrical form to a  height of 13,700 feet, is an experience in itself. It stands alone,  to the north of the railway, just  within the British Columbia  boundary line that separates that  province from Alberta. It rises  into prominence as the train  leaves Tete Juane and begins to  climb to the Pass.  Two gems, set like turquoises  in the hills, were Moose and  Yellowhead Lakes, the two deep  glacial sources of the Fraser river. Passing these you soon slip  through the northern gateway to  the Rockies, the Yellowhead Pass,  and plunge along another valley  into Jasper Park and the province of Alberta. Within the confines, of the 5,400 square miles of  the7^  has been given the name of Jasper Park in perpetuation of the  memory of old Jasper House, a  famous Hudson Bay post in the  early days of the fur-traders,  fresh mountain heights* unnamed  and unexplored, are to be found  to tempt the most eager alpine  climber. Chief among the peaks  Of Jasper Park are the lordly  Mount Alberta which rises 13,-  500 feet ' to throw its shadow  across the B. C. border towards  its giant sister, Robson; Mount  Geikie and The Pyramid; and  here, nursed in the cradle of such  mountains, are the glaciers  where two great rivers are born,  the Athabasca and the Saskatchewan. Then comes Jasper Pass, or  rather, the portal of the Athabasca Valley which leads eastward from the Yellowhead. This  outer gateway cis easily ��������� discernible in the distance by the overhanging heights of Roche Per-  cjrix, or Folding mountain, whose  phenomenal conformation was  rather aptly described by Lord  Milner as "like a gigantic  sponge cake, cut in two." It  and its more lofty sister, Roche  a Myette, haunt the eastward  trail of the railway for nearly a  hundred miles, until they are lost  in the distant clouds beyond the  utmost range of, vision.  But one cannot leave the "jasper" portal 'without turning at  the eastern end of Jasper Lake  to gaze back and worship, from  the top of the trail which winds  over the wild sides t>f Roche a  Myette. Looking westward up the  valley, green with its covering  of fir trees, Jasper Lake nestles  in a mountain-locked basin, reflecting as perfectly as any mirror, the fleecy sky and the surrounding snow-caps. And away at  the far end enters the winding  Athabasca River which loses its  current beneath the placid surface of the deep lake it has  created. Two other rivers with  their valleys open here at a junction point. The Rocky flowing  south,.form a "Meeting Place  of the Waters," whose loveliness  would vie with Moore's immortal  Vale of Avoca. All that is sublime and beautiful in nature is  centred there. Westward is the  winding Athabasca, the Rainbow  and the Selwyn ranges; northward, Roche Jacques; and in the  south, * the horizon is a serried  line as it rests on the main range  of the Rockies, where Mount  Geikie stands out boldly in the  EGYPT  Some of the fighting in the present campaign is taking place  in Egypt, and it is timely that  our readers should have first  hand knowledge of the outstanding features in connection with  that country. ,  The area is 400,000 square  miles. The population, 11,287,-  360.  Fourteen-fifteenths of Egypt is  desert. But for the Nile, there  would be nothing to distinguish  the country from other parts of  the Sahara. The river by its annual overflow has created the  rich delta lands and the fertile  strip in Egypt. This cultivable  land constitutes Egypt proper.  The Suez Canal at the eastern  boundary of the Nile Delta, connects the Mediterranean with  the Red Sea, thus opening the  chief trade .route to India and  the East.  Cotton,, sugar and rice are the  I chief summer crops; wheat, barley, flax and vegetables are large-   ,    r    ���������. ly Wiater crops. Egypt is third  Pass  whose summit reposes the famous "Committee's Punch Bowl"  a little alpine lake radiant with  its constant setting of. glacial ice  and snow. At one end the little  lake spills over> and sends a  stream surging down to join the  head waters of the Columbia.  Down through the rolling foothills of Alberta and out across  the plains of Saskatchewan to  Manitoba, old Ontario, and the  dreamy provinces on the shores of  the Atlantic, the vision of the  mountains and valleys of British  Columbia will always remain with  the native-born Canadian, who  has seen them and felt them. The  Rockies^stand4ike a- barrier* in  the geography of Canada, between East and West. They  and the Empire that lie between  them and the Pacific, are not a  barrierr (but a bond between the  west and the people of the east  who have been there. See Canada first! And there will be no  danger of future cleavage in these  far-flung Dominions, which reach  "from sea to sea, and from the  rivers to the ends of the earth."  among the cotton producing  countries of the world, but because of restricted area, the  bulk raised is not more than one-  tenth of that of. the United  States, and about one-tenth that  of India. Sugar cane plantations,  covering 100,000 acres, are mainly in Upper Egypt. The sugar  beet is also grown to a limited  extent. Some 2,000,000 acres are  sown to wheat and barley yearly. Rice is grown on the Nile  Delta. Corn and millet are widely grown and with dates, form  the staple food of the people.  Flour milling' and cotton ginning mills are numerous, and  there are a number of sugar  factories. Native industries include the weaving of silk, wool,  linen and cotton goods, pottery,  cigarette making and ornamental wood and metal work.  Cotton .constitutes three-quarters of the total value of the  exports. Great Britain takes  more than half. Sugar is the next  most important item. The amount  exported varied in annual value  in the period 1884-1905 from $2,-  000,000 to $3,000,000 Other exports are beans, onions, eggs,  wheat, rice and other grains.  The imports include cotton  goods and other textiles, coal,'  iron and steel, timber and' tobacco, machinery, flour, petroleum, coffee, and live animals.  Germany's New Hate Word  To judge by "what appears in  the German Press the motto,  "Gott- strafe England"���������May  God punish England"���������is gradually falling out of use, and is  being replaced by another shibboleth, which consists of one  word, "Hidekk."  When two persons meet they  say, instead of "Good morning"  or "Gott strafe England," "Hidekk," and to the same word they  drink each other's health at the  beer-table and at dinner.  But the reader will in vain  seek for the meaning of the word  in a German dictionary, nor will  he find it in .any existing or past  language. It is a coined word,  composed of. the initial letters of  the following phrase, "Haupt-  sache ist dass England Keile  kriegt," which can be translated  thus, "The main thing is that  England gets a good hiding."  Campbell-Gordon Co., MM  T LIMITED  Gate Valves, hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  .fcead -Pipe, Pig Jiead, Pipe and  Wye Sittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and WJieelbarrows.  Plione: Sey. 8942. mo Bower Htwet  It costs money to travel.    If you go down town  there is car fare to pay both ways, and besides  the trip takes up the whole of the morning or af  ternoon.   Then, too, there is the trouble of  getting ready. -    *  Save all expense, time and worry by using the  telephone. The telephone is particularly convenient to people in suburban or outlying districts. At  all times they can order what they want from any  store. Besides* they are always within reach of  their friends. No writing of letters to effect social engagements.  It is cheaper to telephone than to travel.  It costs less to talk than to write.  TWENTY-FOUR HOUR SERVICE  British Columbia Telephone  COMPANY, LIMITED Ml~U^V.������*������^4.(^4*������to,,_i*iif^J^  ��������� f.>WJ^UJ*5Ul, ������ ������ .iW. *  ���������+*r^?*?*p^'su*$^^  THE WESTERN CAIJJ  1;  K,':  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  Friday,  October 8,   1915.   *  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.          )  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance,.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  TO THE MOTHERS OF CANADA  An Appeal {or Greater Precautions in the Use of  Matches  NO FEWER THAN 683 fires, one million and  a half dollars damage to property and the loss  of thirty-eight lives occurred during the year  1914 as the direct result of children playing with  matches.  Matches should, therefore, receive attention  as a danger of primary importance. Keep the  matches away from the children. Place them  on a high shelf far out of their reach, for they  love to play with fire, and matches form an ideal  toy from their point of view.  ( If, it were only possible to convey in its horrid detail the account of. the fires in: Canada  where thirty-eight children lost their lives, the  excitement and nervous tension, the. loss of property, the anguish of parents, the prfin of the little child, ^some measure of reform might soon be  effected.  Mothers should ever after guard their children against matches, as they would protect  them against a terrible and menacing enemy.  VICTORY  BRITISH  RED CROSS SOCIETY  SURELY THE DARKEST HOUR is before  the dawn. If ever this was brought to notice  it is right now.  The gloom that has been settling over us for  some time was suddenly turned to rejoicing by.  the news of the great victories of the French  and British in the west of recent date. The sub-  ' stantial advance and the capture of. 20,000 Germans, was an event that quickened the blood  in our veins and gave us hope of early triumph  oyer the Kaiser and his Huns.  If the Allies can break through the Teutonic  line for three miles they can get through for  thirty miles, and that means almost out of Belgium. The day is probably not far off when the  river fthine will be the battle line, when the armies of the allies inarch to Berlin. Let us cheeV  up this Thanksgiving season, the victory is being won .slowly, as all righteous victories are.  won, but the ultimate issue is by no means a  gloomy one for1 Great Britain.  THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR has received the following letter relative to the above-  mentioned society, which speaks for itself:  London, Eng., Sept. 29.  His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia:  I  beg to inform you  that  the  British Red  Cross Society and the Order of St. John in view  of the great demands upon their resources, both  in France  and  the  near east, have decided to  make an appeal throughout the Empire by street  and other collections upon the twenty-first day  of October next, the money received from this  appeal   will   be   devoted entirely   to relieving  the sufferings of our wounded soldiers and sailors from home and overseas at.the various seats  of war.    From all parts of the King's Dominions  we have already received generous assistance in  our work, but with the increase of British and  Overseas forces at the front, there is a corresponding increase in our expenditure, and we shall  be truly grateful to you if you will help us by  organizing an appeal and sending the proceeds  to us for the objects which I have named. I shall  be greatly obliged if you will kindly communicate the foregoing Jo your government.  .Their Majesties the King and Queen and Her  Majesty Queen Alexandria are giving us their  gracious patronage, and I trus| that you will-  also be able to see your way to help.  LANSDOWftE.  President of the British Red Cross Society.  83- Pall Mall, London.  NEW INDUSTRY FOR  BRITISH COLUMBIA  TOOTS OBEERS FOR TOE NAVY  THE WORK OF THE BRITISH NAVY has  hot been told in scare headlines, but those who  are capable of thinking it out have a clear idea  of its tremendous importance; British sailors  have bobbed around _in the North Sea_for_four-_  " teen months waiting for the chance that never  came to blow the Gerinan dreadnoughts to  pieces. '������_  Who can understand the; strain the officers  and men have been enduring aHrtbis time. With  mines strewn -wherever the German mine-layers  could place them; with a hundred submarines  stealing under the seA in search of a quarry,  every minute of their lives for fourteen months  has been full of danger. Tp live in continued  apprehension, of being sent to the bottom is more  trying than an actual engagement. But our sailors have* gone through it with a cool daring and  heroic courage that has no parallel in history.  Our Admirals have either driven German  shipping off the seas or bottled it up in fortified  canals. And, strange to say, we take it all as  a matter of course. We Owe everlasting gratitude to our men in the field} but we should hot  forget that we, have been saved by the navy.  " * ^   Mr. Ian Malcolm, M. P., in a book entitled  'War Pictures Behind the Lines/ just .publish-J  ed in London, relates a conversation he had with  the Crown Prince of Germany at Berlin in January, 1914, in which the latter expressed the  opinion that the British after all should be better  friends' with   Germany, but  could  not~ be  trusted while allied  with  France  and  Russia;  that Great Britain and Germany together could  divide Europe and keep the peace of the world.  Britain meanwhile  keeping "her eyes stiut  and  ignoring treaties   while .Germany^Was   taking  France's colonies. The^^^ interview Closed by Mr.  Malcolm making the remark that nowadays'nobody  wanted  war which 4nJured-^ictors  and  vanquished, to which the^Aowsb.jfl&ee . vigorously replied: XI beg pardo-oy^^aut war. I  want to have a smack at those French swine as  LE AP JNG TSEiO AOK  THE HEAD KEEPER of New York's great  penal institution, Sing Sing, has laid aside his  revolver for the first time since its establishment  many years ago. Two of the prisoners of Sing  Sing haying escaped recently, fifteen other prisoners who asked permission to join the chase  were given permission, and. though they were  all-out over-night withput surveillance, all came  back the next morning. A letter written to a  friend by one of. the inmates speaks of the institution as if it were altogether a corrective  and not a punitive place.    Is it. any wonder in  the light of these facts' that the moving picture  shows are  giving as Ian attractive feature the  recent return of Mr. Thomas Mott Osborne, the  new   superintendent  of   Sing  Sing   that   has  brought all this about,, within the walls of the  enclosure where he is being welcomed by those  in custody as a friend in a wholehearted way  that shows their real appreciation of the event.  If Mr. Osborne can carry on the work which he  is doing for a period of ten years, and then produce a history of individuals raised out of crime  such as there is a prospect of his doing, he will  have done a work not for Sing Sing alone, but  for every penal institution throughout the world,  though it may not be possible to duplicate it in  a full measure for lack of men with Mr.  (3s-  borne's ability.     It is not a thing that can be  done by rule, but is a matter in which a leader  is essential.  soon as I  earn.  \  A striking illustration of the financial progress throughout the two older proyinces of the  Dominion during recent years, with respect to  banking facilities, is graphically shown in a new  edition of a bank map of Ontario and Quebec,  which has recently been issued by the department  of the interior at Ottawa. According to the information which has -been incorporated in the  publication,  tbe  number of branches in  operation in 1901, the first year for which statistics  of this nature -are given, totalled approximately  500, in comparison with 2,000 at the preserit tiicne.  Thig interesting compilation of current banking  information is valuable also at a railway map,  showing, as it^does, the location, on the various .  main and'branch lines, of all towns and'Vciti^s~  This, together with other general information,  makes the publication very useful for reference  purposes. -'.-������������������. '���������������������������.-���������.���������  1-5-  h  At the present time, when so  many are wondering where they"  can turn to earn a few extra dollars to help them to tide over  the ensuing .winter, no more welcome news could be wished for  than to learn that there is a market for another of British Columbia's untapped natural resources,  and that the province may benefit to the extent of several thousand dollars annually.  A letter  addressed to Dr. A.  D. Buchanan, Vancouver, was received from a firm in the Eastern  States making inquiries    as    to  whether "sea-grass" was obtainable on the west coast. Enquiries  were   made   at   the   local   firms  likely to deal in this commodity,  but none were able to supply the  desired    information.      On   the  other   hand   it was   ascertained  that local upholsterers were   importing from' the  United States  a substitute -which   costs   much  more than "sea grass."    Dr. Buchanan finally called at the botanical office* Vancouver, and discussed the subject with Provincial Botanist J.  Davidson,  and  I'wds' informed that the so-called  sea-grass "������was' a native plant of  Economic importance, and that it  grows on many parts of the coast  hlong the mainland' and on the  islands,  more   especially  on the  west coast of Vancouver Island  where it is prolific. ,  In order to help our readers to  recognize this plant the botanical  office has supplied the following  details:  "Sea grass" is known under  many different names, Eel-grass,  grass-wrack, and sea grass being  the more common ones. Botani-  cally, it is known as zostern, and  is one of the few examples of a  plant which is fertilized through  the pollen grains being transferred through water.  ' "Seargrass" _is_ a _ mis-nomer,  the plant is not a true grass;  and although it grows in the sea,  entirely submerged in salt water, it is not a sea-weed. It-is  a true flowering plant, producing  its flowers and fruits under water. Its usual.habitat is on sandy*  peaty, or tauddy beaches which  at low tide, are more or less exposed when the tide recedes. Its  name is derived from the fact  that the plant is green- and grasslike and grows in the sea. Its  roots, or rhizomes as they are  technically called, are firmly imbedded in the beach, and from  the joints or nodes it sends up  long flattened stems bearing  grass-like leaves to a height of  from 1 to 6 feet, it is those stems  and leaves which, when collected,  and dried, are at present much  in demand in the east, one firm  estimates they can use 250 tons  per month.  It is used on a large scale in  many parts of the world for  stuffing mattresses, and as a packing material for glass-ware; taxidermists find it valuable for  stuffing specimens, and it is used  as a substitute for horse-hair.in  various kinds of upholstery. In  some parts of B. C. ranchers cart  it from the beach and use it as  a fertilizer for the soil. No  doubt if they could procure several dollars per ton for this they  would" have* funds to purchase  commercial fertilizers of greater  value and have a margin left  oyer.  yyttJJ appears that American  firms' obtained their supplies in  former years from the coast of.  Npya Scotia* but that owing to  the-war the supply is .not forthcoming, some of the collectors  (having gone to the front, others  having found other employment.  Most owners of motor launches  in B. C are familiar with (the  "sea-grass," and avoid littoral  waters in which it abounds, on  account of the .tendency to clog  the propellor; and in many parts  along our coast it is washed up  in large quantities after a storm.  On 'some parts of the coast of  England "sea grass" is washed  up in such large quantities that  it forms banks 20 to 30 feet in  height near high water mark, being the accumulation of many  years. It is possible that similar  banks may exist in B. C. although  up to the present they have not  yet been recorded.  In the east, collectors construct  wooden racks on the beach and  throw the sea grass over these  to dry, in the' sun, frequently  turning, it as one would do in  hay-making; it is then baled and  shipped in car loads.  It is expected that if a sufficient number of collectors can  be got on the Pacific coast, a  plant will be established in B. C.  to prepare it for/the market by  washing to get rid of. superfluous  salt, kiln-drying, blowing to get  rid. of sand or other impurities,  and baling it for shipment. The  location of the plant can not be  decided on until reports have  been received from the various  parts of the province pas to where  sea grass is roost abundant. In  order to assist those interested' in  the project the provincial botanist has undertaken to identify  specimens of plants supposed to  h* "sea-grass. * It may be men  PROHIBITION  tioned that another plant known  botanically as phyilospadiz is  common on rocky coasts and is  liable to be mistaken for zosters.  It is possible that it may serve  the same purpose but, as far as  known* it has not been tried.  Collectors can send sample specimens by post at book-post rates  labelled   "Botanical specimens"  and addressed to "The Provincial  Botanist, " Botanical Office," Van:  couver, B. C."    A letter" should  also be sent stating: the locality  where found, and the approximate area inhabited by sea grass  so as to give some idea as to the  quantity likely to be obtained.  'It, is expected that "the dried  sea grass, will be purchased from  collectors in quantities of from  100 pounds to a ton or more, but  the price can not at present be  given until the cost of cleaning  and transportation has been ascertained. No-, doubt,   however,  this will afford   an opportunity  for many .individuals   to   earn  ���������something during the winter and  the experience   gained   will   enable .them to take up this work  next year with a view of earning  a good livelihood.  There may be exemplary men  who are not on the level. They  may be engaged on an inclined  plane with' upward tendencies.  deavored   to   enlist  in   Victoria  A man with a wooden leg en-  Anything to get ontJoi town.  Folks who never do any more  good, than they get paid for.  never g*t paid for more than  they^do.  ; The best way for a man to  train up a child _ in the way he  should go, is: to-g6 that^ay Ititir:  self...   V.    V"    -X-       -XX^  The only helpless people in the  world are the \azyr ,-x..,<��������������������������� X-���������  ' Speaking before the Provincial  Sunday School" convention in  Wesley Methodist church on  Wednesday evening, on the subject "Prohibition and the New  World Order," Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., said:  "Prohibition is not a new order. It is held by some to be simply a fad of bigots. It is not a  fad. It is a principle. It is a recognized principle in the right of  the majority to rule. The right  of the minority to express an  opinion is never denied. The same  application of the will of the majority is seen in the abolition of  slavery which was prohibited in  the British Empire in 1833 and in  the United States in 1865. Would -  anyone say that Wilberforce or  Lincoln were faddists? We interfere when it becomes inimical  to tbe best interests of society.  You have the right���������the state has  Ithe! right to abolish anything that  is inimical to the best interests of  the people," said the speaker.  Mr. Stevens said, the people  have been shooting and missing  in their efforts to restrict, direct and control the liquor traffic.  He thought the time had come to  fix bayonets and have done with  this traffic.  - X'ln every country engaged in''  the war marked steps have been  taken to curtail the use of liquor except in Canada. Even in  old London���������that most democratic of all places in the world���������the  treating habit must" be stopped  and .a restriction on the hours of  sale has been. made. He pointed  to the great^ change that had  come over Russia. Vital.statistics,  showed a marked decrease in1  police and hospital cases with  the production of the people increased 25 per cent.  The loss of revenue that would  result to-this province as a-result-  of prohibition would be a mere  bagatelle, said Mr. Stevens. The '  total revenue of the province for  the year 1913-14 was $12,436,000.  The revenue from the trade and  liquor licenses amounted to $86,-  000. That was only Seven-tenths of  one per-cent.1 of the total. The  expenditure on the administration of 'justice during the same  period had been $494,000 arid for  taking care pf insane and other  wards of the government, $357,-  00O a-total of $851,000.  As to whether hotelmen should  be compensated, Mr. Stevens said  the privilege was given to them  in the form of a licence which  must be renewed .each year., Hotelmen are even compelled to advertise their application for license each year. On that ground  there is no basis for compensation. "Any man who goes into  it knows that at any time he may  be put out of it. I am personally  and uneouivocally opposed to  compensation."  As to the cry of personal lib- -  erty that has been raised, Mr. Stevens said the only personal liberty 'is that consistent with the  ���������efood of.vtbe whole. "There is' an  n-wnkemnp of the public conscience to the duty of the society  3������ n whole." said the speaker.  "Tt is the protection of the weak  against -the strong."  Tenders will be let shortly by  .the_Qanadian Northern .for the  cqjisf ruction of a temporary  building, to be used, as a ware-:  house and freight shed during the  period of construction on the  FaliejOreek terminals.  \ '- ^  _" /������������������  Ml -  ^ c  w  Friday, October 8, 1915.,  THE WESTERN  CALL  "X-  ,,   ���������   -S     4 <  ������   ������������������     .    !  J *w  CORRESPONDENCE  I  A Postscript  itor Westenn Call:  fin my letter of Wednesday last  |said "just once again."' Well,  Jis is a mere postscript to that,  festerday I  read a letter from!  officer of the 1st contingent.  |is mother had asked him about  e    "tobacco     and     cigarette?  nds."   He is a smoker, but hat  ys, "When I left  thetrencK-  a   few   weeks   before, he  'Vote���������"the   men,were   gecti&g;  great deal more than they je^ep  kild  smoke.  Cigarettes  I have,  p   use  for,  and   the* Tobacco  unds   are,   I think*   overdone-;-  ad, for Canadians at least, they  re sending too low  a grade of  jpbacco. As a matter of fact, very  wttle   'gift' tobacco was'   being  [moked  when I  left,  and  much  wasted."    '  Yours truly,  WM. ELLIOTT.  )ct. 2, 1915.    ���������  CORRESPONDENCE  3ditor Western Call" ,  Dear Sir,���������The interests of  ;ruth and justice to the majqr-  ty of the Protestant clergymen  if this city and its environs call  or a reply to the very lengthy  etter from Rev. Ernest Thomas  n your columns. I have no de-  rire whatever to question the mo-  ;ives or sincerity of a brother  ninister who has so reeently arrived in this city that I have  lot yet had the opportunity of  meeting him. Mr. Thomas has a  perfect right to give his view of  ninisterial duties, and to dissa-  lociate himself from any or every-  hing the members of the Lower  Mainland Union may do, if he so  vishes, also'to choose the manner  >f his doing it, though it seems  itrange he should do so before  le has either associated himself  yith them or even been blamed  or so doing. But the statements/  le makes as to certain well-  snown facts decidedly eall for  ���������riticism and correction.  4XI) As to the personal composition of the Union. One wonders  low or where Mr. Thomas secur-  id his information since, there  have only been two meetings (or  rather one meeting adjourned until a'week later) of thjxUniop  since he arrived on the coast, and  he refused to attend that meeting  although invited and advised that  ihe question of "The Crisis"  would be fully discussed. Surely  if Mr. Thomas had given- more  thought to;this matter,, he would  .have seen that this was the place  %b lodge a protest, if one were  needed, and the place to give his  bretbren"Xa chance . of setting  forth their ; position and the  grpunds for it.  f "������2\ The Lower Mainland Un-  idn 'conmsts of members of the  Vancouver General Ministerial  ^spciation, the North1 Vancouver, ; South Vancouver and New  j^estnnnster Associations, with  jjh^'-a^h from intervening points  and a'-.few from the Fraser Valley. On 4-the roll there are 80  names 0f men to whom invitations are1 sent for every meeting.  This���������does not include the names  of six men who. have moved eastward during the past months who  regularly^ attended and were  heart and soul with us in this  matter. Over sixty of these men  attended ^our meetings, most of  them regularly, and the others  frequently enough to be thoroughly advised of. our proceedings. Full minutes were kept and  read at the meetings; full reports i "presented by committees;  frank discussion took place at all  meetings and every invitation  sent out stated clearly the business to be taken up. Thus mem;  bers whose urgent duties prevented attendance knew what was  going on and had only to appear  and x lodge their protest if they  felt it necessary. The Roman Catholic church has never sent representatives, and for some time  no Anglican brethren have attended (formerly a very few did  attend) but the other denominations have been steadily represented by the overwhelming majority of their ministers.     '  In addition to this a number  of men who have never found it  possible to attend and are not  members have expressed their  hearty sympathy and support  upon this question in its general  principles.  (3) The first time this matter came before any of these men  was in last November when, by  invitation Mr. Cotsworth appeared before the General Ministerial  Association. A committee was  then formed^ to investigate the  whole situation and reported constantly even after the larger body  had taken the "matter oyer. The  pamphlet was issued- on April  29th of this year, after full en-  dorsation by the ..Union at one  of, the largest meetings, but from  November tiLL April not one protest or dissentient voice was  heard. ~  (4) Mr. Thomas speaks of his  predecessor's "stern .protest."  Dr. Crummy did come forward in  a manly manner, that preserved  the respect and admiration which  every member had for him, and  lodged a protest:- But this was  after the pamphlet had* been issued and he made it clear to all  that he had been absent from all  but one meeting ' which discussed, the question, that his objection  was to the publication at that  particular time when the sudden  and abortive election announcement would* in his judgment,  lead to misrepresentation of our  motives.  (5) Mr.*Thomas states that in  one case cited "one Conservative  member" of a prominent firm has  been singled out for prominence.  I cannot say which item4t is to  which he alludes, but a closer  reading may reveal to him the  fact that several professional  firms are included in the lists  given; while these lists, compiled  from the Assessment Rolls of the  .Province, have been printed exactly as we obtained them. The  suggestion , that the Union waS  actuated by any such motives is  surely unworthy as well as entirely false.  (6) The attitude of the Ministerial Union toward the system  and the practices set forth in the  pamphlet has been entirely consistent since its formation as a  Union one year since, and it is  safe to say that most of its members who have been on this coast  more years than Mr. Thomas  has months, have been equally  consistent during all that time in  their opposition and denunciation  of the practices which brought  about the debacle of the last two  years.  (7) I regret exceedingly that  Mr. Thomas has felt it his duty  to publicly sit in judgment on his  brethren in the ministry and to  dismiss their carefully considered action as "impertinent,"  "morally mischievous," and "po-  liticajUy destructive,',' piit this  'makes it necessary to point out  tbat the pamphlet was prepared.  printed and issued to the public,  and every public meeting we have  yet-rheld throughout the ���������province  had taken place before Mr. Thomas arrived in British Columbia,  an^T-he has not yet met the men  he condemns either in City Association or Mainland Union.1  \ (8) As to your :bwn: editorial  upon his letter; ,1 .would simply  say this: Because ���������' the - - Union  -would not depart from its custom (which is the established custom bf all such meetings) and invite your reporter to' be present,  you insinuate that there was  merely a few irresponsible ministers plotting behind closed  doors.. This is sufficiently refuted  by* the detailed statement issued  to the press a week ago over the-  signatures of men whose, names  and standing are a sufficient guarantee of their integrity to any  other person or newspaper in this  province.  : Not only this*, but the repeated, statements of fact' made in  your columns by myself while  secretary of the Union, which,  clearly refuted the many insinuations and misrepresentations  you have ) hitherto published,  should have prevented any further attempts to belittle and besmirch men who have at least  had the courage of their convictions, and whose honesty and  honor the public knows _ how to  estimate.  In closing I would remind you  again that the Ministerial Union  or its motives is not the issue.  The issue still remains what it  was rtAre the statements made in  "The Crisis" pamphlet true or  false?" At our public meeting in  Dominion Hall on October 1st we  shall help the people to answer  that question.     I am,  Yours sincerely,   -  A. E. COOKE.  The above letter has been sent  to us for publication. It has already been published and answered by Dr.' Thomas, in which answer Dr. Thomas points out some  serious - inaccuracies 'in Mr.  Cooke's letter. Lack of space - will  np-t,permit us to publish all that  jXbeing said on the subject, nor  do1 we wish to wea*y our readers  with it;���������Ed.  ��������� M    i  R  O  Y  A  L  S  T  A  N  D  A  R  D  "What Splended Luck  With Your Bread!"  '   "Don't call it Luck, Mrs., Smith.���������it's all  r in the nour I use���������ROYAL STANDARD  r FLOUR���������milled   right here   in   British  '^   Columbia. I'still mix my bread the same  .,    way, and bake in the same oven, -but my  bread raises so much better, is so much  lighter   yet   closer   knitted,   so.   much  # CLEANER LOOKING since I started us-  * ing ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR. And  it'8 simply splendid for biscuits and buns.  Just tell your Grocer next time to deliver  yqu a sack, of ROYAL STANDARD, the  British Columbia Flour with the- circle  V trademark and DON^T take a substitute."  Vancouver Millings Grain Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  ���������* j )������  DUTY OP "STAY-AT-HOMES"  NEW OFFICERS  The Guelph Mercury joins in  the discussion relative to the  raising of funds for patriotic  purposes by other methods than  direct giving. ItXputs the matter  as follows:  "There are two classes of  men, the soldiers and vthe stay-  at-home people. The soldier does  .not, under the voluntary system  of service, rush into the fight  blindfolded, or from pressure.  He counts the cost seriously, and  makes the sacrifice���������he stakes  his all for the sake of upholding  traditions and institutions of  common value to all. It is a ser-  ious business with him.  );  : HAVE YOU ENUSTEP  Jn the Aim? of ttiose wfco E AT OJTC.Y  Vancouver's FINEST B8EAJ)?  "SMAX" and "SUNUGHT"  .or-*,:!*"*1  ��������� I/- i  i > ������),  1     ':.. 1*1   .P!  x-cfi-xx  y x.   i  ������������������vi:)' ''J?"-" ;  THESE TWO BRANDS STAND FOR  i  PURITY!  QUAWTYJ  QU^IT*!  OIJBiUn4N|!S8������  Each loaf weighs OIVE FULL POUND!  -/���������::0^  Wrajfed and "Swled-a^t\u-Oven/  ill     <���������>::.--\-:  * I v? '���������'  HAMPTON-PINeiUN  Bakers of BETTER Bread  TeLFaimiDiit4i3 X Tei. Fairmont 1013  ." itI.iH^  -,n  NOTE���������"Th������ Story of BETTER Bread hM created a  tfcia community. '  HaTo-yotfWai'ii' itMJJ'  *J3*mn*49*r~.  tttoa  iag tteVfeonsa-wiVM of  The newly elected officers of  the Provincial Sunday School  Association are as follows:  Hon. Pres., Mr. Noah Shakespeare, Victoria;   president,   Aid.  C.   E.   Mahon, Vancouver; vice-  president, Dr.  Archibald,  Kamloops; treasurer, Mr. "W. C. Find-  lay,   Vancouver;   general   secretary, Mr. I. W. Williamson, Vancouver; elementary superintendent, Mrs. D. M. MacKay, Vancouver; secondary division superintendent, Mr. A. C. Crompton, Vie- ���������  toria; adult division supt., Mr. k.  Stabler, North Vancouver, record- >  ing secretary, Mr. J. A. Locke,  Vancouver.  "The man who stays at home ^auce Committee-Mr. P. R.  has just as serious a duty. ������ 1(nmyf Mr. w. jj. Pin(5billt Mr.  has to pay. It is not only his ^ ^ mUv Mr ^ & ^ Mr  E. Munton, Mr. W. C. Fimjlay.  duty, but his privilege. The defence of his home and his land  rests, just as seriously on him as  on the man who puts on the  king's uniform and marches off  to the firing line. How, then, is  he' to face his duty at home?  Should it be necessary to have  to wheedle his money out of him  by bazaars and sales, to entertain and feed him before he loosens up? Or should he face the  thing like a serious man, and  place his share of the burden on  the altar of humanity's cause,  without the medium of. street  fairs or any panhandling whatever.  "It may be a matter of educa-  tion-r-undoubtedly much of it is.  But the situation is so serious,  and the call so insistent, that'  men and women with money to  give should do so. In a case like  the present the flapdoodle methods of financing sfiould not be  necessary."  Official visitors, Mr. Thomas Parkinson, Mr. A. Callander.  9^ wvewrt *wt V4twww  PRJNOLE & GUTHRIE  Barristers ami Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. Q. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitor*, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commi*sionerf  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of tbe  Bar of British Columbia.  Cit-tsen Building. Ottawa.  4R0HP  According to Broomhall's year  book, 32,741,000 quarters of corn  were exported from the Black  Sea in 1910 and-1911. Of this colossal quantity no less than 27,-  978,000 quartew were Russian,  while' the', remaining 4,891,000  quarters were non-Russian corn.  In the two years mentioned about  five-sixths of the Black Sea corn  came from Russia. The corn and  other foodstuffs produced for export in the east of Europe naturally go to the densely populated 'Countries of the west. Roumania and Bulgaria; can send  their Corn and meat westward  by way of the Danube and the  Aegean Sea, whereas Russia can  only send her food exports westward via the Bosphorus and the  Dardanelles. How vast Russia's  Black Sea corn exports are may  be seen from the fact' that on an  average they are as large as the  gigantic corn exports from the  United States and Canada combined.  acco  PHONE SEYMOUR 9086  is divided into two streams���������  the Bread line going downhill,  and the Bank line going up-  one stream with the future before them, and tbe other whose  future haj** passed. Make your  choice; you must decide.  WE PAY 4 P. C. INTEREST  on Deposits, subject to cheque,  credited monthly.  Dow, fraser Irusl Co.  182 HMtinfs St. Wert  McKay Station, Burnaby B"������*ij. utftnanv.t*r.  ��������� * "*- ^-nifcftrt'VSiiaj^.-L,  jiz^it*w������������ii������fi*&iZ������X^^ ������ u i i  -Tr"*^!*-^^  4Tji;i***������e  Miffoj.- t������vf(?y,-lL.^|-n.^ff^  4'^,^^*T"'.^w?*i*^**4'^iI^,1,,:* rWKi^'*^^*'M*^'3^WS*������>������������t-w*U1.  P  !&���������  Ilk  \l  [j  III  f.  1;  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life.   The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued,  is by one  of the best known and valued v  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States.      "We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, October 9  '���������'Hold fast!" That   splendid   motto   has   many   tattles  won  When linked  with  noble  purpose to   earn   the   world's  ���������'Well  done!''  ���������> ���������Dr. W.'   A.   Blaekwell.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Raisins and Cream.  Scrambled Eggs. Hot Scones. Coffee.        '  Dinner���������Clear* Soup. Corned Beef. Horseradish Sauce. Boiled Potatoes. Cabbage: Beets.  Chocolate Cracker Pudding. * Coffee.  Supper���������Scalloped Oysters. Celery. French  Bread. Stewed Prunes. Cookies. Tea.  it  Chocolate Cracker Pudding  Grate one and one-half squares of chocolate  and add one cupful of fine'cracker crumbs, one-  quarter of a cupful of melted butter, one cupful  of hot milk, one-half cupful of sugar and two  teaspoonfuls of vanilla. Mix thoroughly, fold in  the stiffly beaten whites of four eggs,turn into  a buttered mold, cover tightly* place in a ketlte,  of boiling water and boil one hour. Serve .with  Fruit Cream Sauce prepared as follows: Cream  one-half cupful of butter with one cupful of powdered sugar, then, add slowly one-quarter of a  cupful each of fruit juice and cream; beat thoroughly, place over boiling water and stir until  creamy.  Dinner���������Black Bean Soup. Cold Mutton, Barberry Jelly. Baked Potatoes. Spinaeh. Baked  Bananas. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee.  Supper���������Smoked Beef. Italian Spaghetti.  Bread and Butter. Eclairs. Tea.  Barberry Jelly  Wash the berries carefully, stew until soft,  ��������� mash and strain. Measure the juice and allow  two-thirds the quantity of sugar. Boil the juice  half an hour,  add  the heated sugar  and  boil  until it jellies when dropped from the  spoon.  Sunday, October 10th  "The habit of always expecting the best of oneself, of always demanding of oneself the highest, and  never accepting the lowest or second best, will lift any  man up from mediocrity and flood bis life with tho sunshine of usefulness and success."  Breakfast���������Pears. Broiled' Ham. Fried Eggplant. Popovers. Coffee.,  Pinner���������Sardine Canapes. Chicken and Mushrooms in Casserole. Boiled Rice. String Beans.  Fruit Salad. Cocoanut Cream Pie. Coffee.  Lunch���������Cheese Souffle. Olives. Pilot Bread.  Citron Loaf Cake. Tea.  Chicken arid Mushrooms in Casserole  Cut in pieces suitable for serving a chicken  weighing about three and one-half pounds. Place  in a casserole, sprinkle with pepper and salt,  pour in one cupful of. boiling water, cover and  cook slowly until, tender. Add one cupful of  cream and one-half pound of fresh mushrooms  broken in pieces, cook ten minutes then thicken  with one tablespoonful of flour rubbed, to a  smooth paste with one and one-half tablespoonfuls of butter and 'cook ten minutes longer.  Wednesday, October 13  '' Reds and yellows through the wood  Look gay,, we confess.  Nature in a sportive mood  Puts on a fancy dress."  Breakfast���������Stewed Apricots. Cereal with  Cream. Browned Hash. Rye Gems. Coffee.  Dinner���������Scotch Broth. Roast Beef. Yorkshire Pudding. Sweet Potatoes. Boiled Onions.  Mustard Pickles. Steamed Pudding with Hard  Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Parsley Omelet. Beaten Biscuits.  Macaroon Cream. Sponge Cake. Tea.  Macaroon Cream  Beat the whites of two eggs to a foam, add  one pint of heavy cream and continue beating  until stiff. Fold\ in one eupful of macaroon  crumbs and four tablespoonfuls of powdered  sugar, flavor with one teaspoonful of vanilla and  one-half teaspoonful of bitter almond, place* on  ice until thoroughly chilled and serve in sherbet  glasses with sponge or any kind of delicate cake.  inside the land, before the construction of the dam, sloped  gradually down until they were  scarcely higher than the level of  the stream. Merely to have dammed the river would have resulted  only in a diversion of the water  into a new- channel across the  low-lying tongue of land within  the horseshoe. For that reason a  huge earthen embankment was  first built across the foot of the  horseshoe tongue before construc7  tion of the data was commenced,  consisting of a reinforced concrete spillway in the .original river channel. -   '  Friday,  October-8., 1916.1  Monday, October Uth  /        "In taking revenge, a man ia but even with hia  enemy; but in passing it over, be is superior."  Breakfast ��������� Grapes. Coddled Eggs. Corn  Bread- Coffee.  Pinner���������Julienne Soup. Boiled Mutton, Caper  Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Carrots. Dressed Lettuce. Blanc Mange with Cream. Coffee.  - SUftytoF���������-Creamed Chicken. Green Peppers  Stuffed with Rice. Baking Powder Biscuits. Cake.  Tea.  Corn Bread  Beat one egg and add one tablespoonful of  sugar and one and one-half cupfuls of sweet  milk. Mix and sift one and one-half cupfuls of  white flour, one-half cuoful of yellow corn meal,  :_two teaspoonfuls of bakingpowder and one teaspoonful of salt; stir in the liquid gradually, add  -two tablespoonfuls of melted butter* beat thoroughly, turn into a buttered shallow pan and  bake half an hour in a quick oven.  Thursday, October 14 ,  Leaves may fall, but all their fading  Steals no life of living tree,  Still,  through   deeper  cells  pervading,  Thrills the life we cannot see.  ���������Theodore 0.  Williams.  Breakfast ��������� Bag Figs. Broiled Kidneys on  Toast. Wheat Griddle Cakes with Syrup. Coffee.  .Pinner���������Sago Soup, Meat Pie with Biscuit  Crust. Mashed Potatoes. Baked Squash. Asparagus Salad. Cheese Wafers. Prune Pudding.  Coffee. .   ���������  Supper���������Stuffed Egg-Plant. Apple-Orange  and Grape Salad. Tea Rolls. Macaroons. Tea.  Apple-Orange and Grape Salad  Pare and cut one apple into dice and squeeze  over it the juice of quarter of a lemon. Add one  peeled and finely, cut orange, one-third of. a cupful of white grapes cut into halves and seeded,  three tablespoonfuls of nut meats and one tablespoonful of plumped seedless raisins. Moisten  with cooked salad dressing and serve in nests  of lettuce leaves.  Tuesday, October 12  'Tis all a myth that Autumn grieves!  For, watch the rain among the leaves;  With   silver   fingers   dimly   seen  It makes each' leaf a tambourine,  And swings and leaps with elfin mirth  To kiss the brow of mother earth.  ���������Samuel   Minturn  Peck.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit.   Baked   Salt   Mackerel. Potato Cakes. Dry Toast. Coffee.  Friday' October 15  The dizzy wind of ambient autumn days  Blows o'er the bills.     It seeks me in byways  And lanes, and rushes on me unaware.      >  It sets - tbe whirlwind dancing with bright leaves,  And sends the robin headlong through tbe purple air.  -^Cary^ F. Jacob.   Breakfast���������Pears. Poached Eggs. Cream Toast  and. Coffee.  Pinner���������Beef Vegetable Soup. Planked Fish.  Duchess Potatoes. Cold-Slaw. , Apple Tapioca  Pudding. Coffee.  - Supper���������Fried. Oysters. Bacon. Garnish. Cucumber Salad. Bread and Butter. Jam Tarts.  Tea.  Beef Vegetable Soup  Scrape and slice one small carrot, and' add one  cupful of shredded cabbage, one cupful of diced  turnip, one cupful of diced potato, one tablespoonful of rice, one teaspoonful of kitchen bouquet, two quarts of beef stock and pepper and  salt to taste. Boil until the vegetables are very  tender and serve with croutons.  JINOE POT  COAL  "LASTS LONGER"  Let us put in your winter's supply.  Lump ....        ............,........$6.50  .tfut X. .5.50  Lower Than Ever Before  THE BASSANO DAM  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company) "'���������  Sey. 5408-5409  The Bassano Dam, a part of  the Canadian Pacific Bailway  Company's huge irrigation project in southern'Alberta,. the largest individual projeet of its kind  on the American continent, was  informally opened last April by  Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, and is  the second largest dam in the  world, giving precedence only to  the Assouan Dam, in Egypt.  This dam wad built across the  Bow river in order to supply water for the eastern irrigation section^ which has an area of 1^-  156,224 acres, but of which only  440,000 acres are to be madei irrigable. Just above the site of the  dam the Bow river makes along  bend in the shape of xt hdrser  shoe. The banks on the outer  side are high and massive;    but  The   spillway "is of the   Am-  bursen type, consisting of a heavy  floor built upon the bed of the  river, with suitable cut-off walls  at its upstream and downstream  edges;   and upon this .floor  are  erected parallel buttresses of substantially triangular outline, with  a slope to the upstream edge of  about 45   degrees.  The  deck  is  formed bf concrete slabs cast on  brackets   projecting    from    the  faces of the  buttresses.       This  deck terminates  at  the   top   of  the buttresses in a curved crest  and   passes off the   downstream  side  in  the  form of  an apron,  curving to correspond as nearly  as  possible  to  the path of the  over-flood waters. The structure  is 720  feet long between   abutments, with  a  maximum height  of 40 feet to the overflow crest,  above which eleven feet of water  are retained by twenty-four sluice  gates, operated by electricity. Rising from each alternate buttress,  and separating the gates, are piers  carrying a road bridge.  The earthen embankment is  some 7,000 feet in length, extending from the south end of the  spillway until it meets and merges with the sloping ground running down to the river. At its  highest point it is 350 feet wide  at the base and contains some 40,-  000 cubic yards of concrete and  2,500,000 . pounds of reinforcing  steel. Construction on both  parts was begun in the summer of  1910.  At the north side of the spill  way, and at right angles to it,  are located the headgates of the  main canal by which,the system  is served.    The elevation of the  sills of these headgates is 35 feet  above tbe original low water level of the Bow River, and above  the sills are the 11 feet of water retained by the gates, making the total height that the water has been raised 46 feet. The  headgates consist of five openings  each of 20 feet, with electrically  operated sluice gates, and control :a -discharge of 3,800 cubic  feet of water per second into the  main canal.  From the headgates the  main  canal leads to a point about five  miles away, where an earth dam  1,280 feet long and 35 feet high]  is built across the valley to form  a tail pool from which the branch,  or   secondary,   canals   are   fed.  There are two of these, the North  Branch and the East Branch. The  first follows the west flank of a  deep valley known as the Crawling Valley, then runs north, and  after    throwing    off   numerous  branches  and becoming smaller,  tails out into the Red Deer river.  The East Branch, serving an im  mense area and feeding a large  number of   smaller   canals,   dis  charges  into an artificial  reser  voir, about forty-five miles away,  which has been formed by a num  ber of earth dams in a depression  of the Little Rolling Hills.    The  largest of these   darns  is  about  2,000 feet long and about 30 feet  high. The storage capacity of this  reservoir is/ about 185,000 acre-  feet. From  all   these   secondary  canals, in all parts of the system,  distributing ditches lead to  the  farms within the project, from  which the farmer will draw water for his farm in his own ditches.*: The construction of the dam  and canals took almost four years  and cost_ $17,000^000. In all over  20,000,000   cubic  feet  of   earth,  were removed in the building of]  the project.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  wheii your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, hut with all  printed matter and  advertising."  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  .Limited  PHONE FAIR, 1140       203 KINGSWAY  I o-  mW$*Wt*  BSfea  >"  vi"   ���������  ' J  ���������xX^#*^^*^  'r X'X^Mv.l  'fit  <K-  St  B Friday, October 8,1915.  SPORTING COMMENT  iThe great   world's   series   in  /aseballdom opens today in Philadelphia.    The contending teams  re reported to be fit for the  jiattle of their lives. The Philadelphia team is depending almost wholly on the ability of  4iexander to pitch them to vic7  |ory, and the big fellow will be  n the mound in to-day's game.  ?he odds are in favor of the  boston team, but the chances  pre that the unexpected will happen. Vancouver fans are intensely interested in the outcome, and  much interest has been aroused  over the championship.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The annual field day of the  Vancouver Sunday School Association will be held on Saturday on the King Edward High  School; grounds. The list of  entries is exceptionally large this  year, and weather permitting, a  large turnout is looked for at  the annual sports.    Aid. Mahon's  cup will be up vfor xjompetition  and as keen rivalry exists among  the athletes of the different  schools, there is bound to be a  day's fun. /  '  ��������� ���������   ���������  Nationals of Montreal have  abandoned their proposed trip to  "Westminster after Jhe Minto  Cup. The Royals refused to put  up a guarantee of expenses, and  the deal was off immediately.  While we regret that there will  be no series this year, stiirit is  a safe bet that the Royals could  have taken a chance on the gates.  Lacrosse fans are sufficiently interested in a series to give their  support to the games, and had the  Royals been sharp enough there  might have been a good surplus  on hand for them. The act is significant of the lack of speculative  ability which has come over the  province of British Columbia.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Coquitlam broke into the win-  A Safe Investment���������BONDS  "No safer form of investment can be suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record is unique in that  Onr list of bond offerings, 5 per eent. to 7 par cent; yield, and faU  practically no default has ever taken place in their payment."  particulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. Enquiries  invited.         ____    OEPEBLEY, B0UN8SFELL ft 00., LIMITED  Established  1886  Molson's Bank Building. 543 Hastings St Week  Investments.  Loan*.  insurance  ning column in the soccer league  last week-end when they defeated the Longshoremen in the railway town 1 goal to nil. The  ranchers may get sufficiently into  shape even yet to make the best  of them travel to grab the honors.  Vancouver and Victoria foot-  ball fans have come to terms on  a series of inter-city games during the season, and the -first of  these will be played on Cambie  street grounds on Thanksgiving  Day. The Victoria team always  puts up a good argument, and an  interesting game is expected on  Monday when the Capitals arrive in town.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The daily papers are spreading thenlselves on the probabil  ity of Pete Muldoon managing  the Seattle team in the coast  league this year. Muldoon is  in the Sound City now talking  big about what he will do this  season. If. the chances on any  team depended on the amount of  talk that Muldoon can get rid  of, his proteges would be all-  time champions. Talk will never  win a championship and it would  be well for Muldoon to realize  that. The prospects. point to  Savage leading the Portland  team this year, the affairs of the  Victoria team at the present being very much undecided.  Pleasant. Shaughhessy Heights  and Fairview. This trade could  be at once diverted to a rink in  this community, and even the  probability of a professional hockey team for another section of  the city is not beyond realization  The patronage at the Patrick  arena has been excedingly large  from the communities which we  mention, indeed the accommodation of the ice rink is not suffi  cient for the demands of the  skaters. The venture is most  assuredly worth considering, and  there is no -more opportune time  than the present for acquiring a  suitable site for - a building on  terms that would be exceptionally moderate.  NAVIGABLE    WATEBS  ION ACT  FBOTBOT-  PROHIBITION IN  SOUTH CAROLINA  In tbe Hatter of the Navigable Waken Protection Act, Revised Statutes  of Canada 1906, Chapter 115.  NOTICE is hereby given that the  Shell Company, of California, Incorporated, has deposited with the Department ot T 'blic Works at Ottawa a  plan showing the proposed wharf and  docks 'on the foreshore adjoining the  Easterly Ave hundred feet of Distriet  Lot 215, Oroup 1, New Westminster  District, in the Province of British  Columbia, together with a description  of the proposed site, and has deposited  a duplicate of such plan and deserip-  tion at the office of the District Regis-  trsr of Titles at New.Westminster, in  the Province of British Columbia..  AND NOTICE IS FUBTHEB  GIVEN that, at the expiration of one  month after the first publication of thia  notice in the Canada Ganette and in  two newspapers published in or near  the locality of the said work, the said  Company will apply to the Governor-  in-Couneil for approval of the construction of the said proposed works.  DATED this 4th day of September,  IMS.  ICcDOUGAL   ft   McINTYRE,  Solicitors for Shell Company of California, Inc.  HANBURVS  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  X.WOQO & COAL  Ptome: Bayview 1075  pjwmes: tfotftb Van. 3.23 an4 103.  1 Seymour 2132.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, UP,  j___M__**sB'-sjs*'W4**--**__********_**_^^  I  ENGINEERS and smPBUTOEBS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Euttt, Pocked, Painted  and Repaired.  Nortb Vancouver, 8.0.  The Price of a Skate  The management of the Vancouver Ice Arena would do well  to take into consideration the  matter of reducing the price of  admission to the arena on skating nights. There always has been  a tendency to overcharge the  public for this pleasurable past-  time. 50 cents is decidedly too  much, especially at the present  time, and it would be to the advantage of the rink'management  to make the price 25 cents for  this winter at least. Otherwise  the public are sure to get wise to  the monopoly, with the inevitable  result, another rink being built.  ******  The Ohanc'3 of a Wfe-time  Our readers, will agree with us  when we say that there is the opportunity of a lifetime right now  for some of the moneyed men of  this community pooling their interests and erecting an ice arena  south of False Creek. "We have  nothing to say about tbe present arena on Georgia street except that it is entirely out of  the way for patrons from this section of the city. It is a safe bet  that 50 per cent, of the skaters  and hockey  fans  go  from lit  After trying "local option"  and "county dispensary" scheme  and "county dispensary systems for the regulation of its traffic in spirituous liquors. South  Carolina took a stand for statewide prohibition September 14th,  the law to go into effect January  1st. The vote stood two to one  for state-wide prohibition. Either  the dram-shop boosters have not  always told the truth about conditions in prohibition territory,  and the usual determination of  the people living in such to install the saloons again, or there  is something peculiar about the  I people* of much of South Carolina. All but fifteen of her counties were prohibition counties before, and only two of. these fifteen wet counties voted to remain  wet.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  ...     REGULATIONS  NAVIGABLE WATEBS PROTECTION  ACT  B. 8. O. Chapter 116  A GREAT FACTOR  SIE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  ITED, hereby gives notice that it  has, under Section 7 of the said Act,  deposited with the Minister of Public  Works at Ottawa, and in the office of  the District Registrar of the Land' Registry District of Vancouver at Vancouver, Bl C, a description of the site  and tlie plans of a wharf proposed to  be built in False Creek,' City of Vancouver, in front of District Lot 541;  and immediately West of Connaught  Bridge.  AND take notice that after the  expiration of one month from the date  "of the first publication of this notice,  The Imperial' Oil Company, Ltd., will  under Section 7 of the said Act, apply to the Minister of Public Works  at his office in the City of Ottawa  for approval of the said site and  plans and for leave to construct the  said wharf. ,  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 20th  day  of September,  1915.  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  LTD.  Coal mining rights of the. Dentin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan 'and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Col-'  umbia, may be leaaed for a term of  twenty-one yean, at an annual rental  of $1 an aere. Not more than fl������60  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application f0r a lease must be  made by the applicant, in person to  the Agent or Bub-Agent of the district in whieh the rights applied for  are situated.  Ia surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in on-  surveyed territory the traet applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will-be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine ahall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity ef  merchantable eoal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the eoal mining  rights are not being operated, sueh returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the ceal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface1 rights mar be considered,  necessary for tie working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an aere.  For full information - application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or 8nb-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication   of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  LAND ACT  Vancouver Land District, District of  Coast, Baage I.  NAVIGABLE    WATERS'  TION ACT  PROTBO-  There is the big fact more vital  than any other in regard to the  war, that Germany has. suffered  irreparable losses. Germany now  lacks the^ reserves to keep her  armies' at their present maximum  High tide has been reached. As  weeks grow into months Ger  many will become absolutely jand  relatively weaker, she has done  wonders, even as France under  Napoleon did wonders, but no  nation can continue forever to  squander its blood like water.  ���������New York Globe.  Mexico seems to be able to finance her war without any war  loan, war chest or moratorium.  Genius may be- a -little backward about coming forward, but  talent always shows up on pay  day.  'mm-  ���������s4<aMa-aa5a&.,  ^kM���������  '������������������<. >��������� U>i *>_  MOTOR TRUCK BQTJXPPBD WITH SEARCHLIGHT AND MACHINE GUN  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to. apply for permission te purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Reserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES L.  CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  The difference between optim  ist and pessimist lies here: Facts  which are all gloomy to the man  who has no faith in the driving  power of tlie moral forces become an incentive and an inspiration to the man who has. The  one will see in the trials we have  passed through proof only of the  desolating power of organized  tyranny; the other will see the  great forces, spiritual and material, which have been brought into  being to resist it, and will find  abundant ground for believing  that they will and must prevail.  "When a man makes a fool of  himself he deprives some woman  of her prerogative.  Publicity is the greatest tonic  that a province or a community  can indulge in. Where there's nothing to hide the chances are that  all parties are getting a square  deal.  Notice is hereby given'that the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners /have  deposited with the Minister of Public  Works for the Dominion of Canada, as  required - by Section 7, Chapter 115,  of the Revised Statutes of Canada, descriptions of the site and plana of a  Causeway to be constructed in False  Creek, Vancouver; B. C, as'an approach to the Granville Street Mud  Flats, and that duplicates of said plana  and descriptions nave been deposited -  with the Registrar of Deeds at the  Land Registry Office, Vancouver, B. .C.  And take notice that at the expiration of one month from the date hereof the Vancouver Barbour Commissioners will apply to the Qovfernor-in-Coun-  cil of tbe Dominion of Canada for  approval of said plans and fer permission to build and construct said causeway. ,  The description by metes and bounds  of tbe site of the said causeway is as  follows: 4  All and singular tbat certain parcel  or tract of land or bed of the sea,  situate in False Creek and lying in  front of Granville Street in the City  of Vancouver, British Columbia, and  which may be 'more particularly described as follows:  Commencing at the intersection of  the southeasterly side of Granville  Street, in District Lot 526, Group 1,  New Westminster District, with the  high water mark of False Creek,  thence N. 43 degrees, 15 min. E., and  along the side of Granville Street pro-.  duced Three Hundred and Ninety-Five  (395) feet, more or less, to intersect  the boundary of the foreshore parcel  granted to the Vancouver Harbour  Commission on April 13th, .1915, thence  N. 27 degrees 16 min. Wl, and along  the Jboundary of the said parcel grant-  cd to the Vancouver Harbour Commit*  sion Eighty-four and Eighty-Six One>  Hundredths ,(84.86) feet, thence S. 43  degrees 15 min. W., and along the  Northwesterly side of Granville Street  produced Three Hundred and Ninety  (390) feet more or less, to the high  water mark of False Creek, thence  following along the high water mark  of False Creek south-easterly to the  point of commencement and containing  Seventy-Two On������ Hundredths (0.72)  acres, be the same more or less, and  which is shown on one of tho plans  above referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 4th  day of October, A. D., 1915.  W.   D.   HARVIE,  Secretary.  ON   BATS"   clears   oat  etc.    Don't    die    in    the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  "BOUGH  rats,    mice,  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for. Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  x^%  * >:^J/>\ jiflvrtS  im  \t  I  ."#���������;?  *vlr'*. *  Rev. Dr. Sipprell, of Mount  Pleasant Methodist church, has  been elected to the presidency of  the Vancouver Ministerial Association for the ensuing year.  Mt. PLEASANT   7.P.S.C.E.  -Miss Baxter, a missionary returning to China, addressed a  large gatehring at the regular  Monday evening meeting and gave  an inspiring talk.  rails of the B.C.E.R. can be laid  re-connecting with the rails on  the bridge. The matter of payment for the cross-over is being  held in abeyance meantime, but it  is hoped that in the course bf a  few days matters will be adjusted  in order to-resume the tram tra  ffic across the bridge.  The Rose Theatre, on the corner of Seventh and Cambie, has  been reopened and is putting on  probably the best class of pictures of any theatre south of  False Creek. It is conveniently  situated and patrons of this house  The city is now tiying to ar-  clean show. I  Rev. J. G. Inkster, of First  Presbyterian church, Victoria,  conducted anniversary services in  Chalmers' Presbyterian church  1 on Sunday last, and this week is  busy, along with Rev. R. G. Mc-  Beth, conducting evangelistic services in Westminster Presbyterian church, corner 26th avenue  and Sophia street.  The Central  Ratepayers' Executive is busy these days laying  plans for the coming municipal  election.      In many  quarters in  the city there is heard murmur-  ings of discontent with the present city council for their lack of  initiative in handling the business  of the  city during  this year. If  the  plans  of  the  Central Ratepayers'  Association  spread  into  | all the , wards of the city there  is no question of. the upheaval  that will   come at   the January  elections. The new association is  devising ways and means of putting the city's business in a clear  light' before the ratepayers.  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday,   October 8, 'lflpSJI  SUNDAY SCHOOL  ATHLETIC MEET  ALD. C. E. MAHON  Newly Appointed President of the B.  C. Sunday School Association  SUPPER AND  CONCERT  For the month of September  the collections for the port of.  Vancouver by the Inland Revenue  Department show an increase  over the month of August, and  also an increase over the figures  of September of last year. The  collections for September, 1915,  were $45,095.10, and for September. 1914, $38,944.65.  The annual Thanksgiving supper and concert of the Y.P.S.C.E. i, .       , ,,   '       ~  * ���������������      a.  to         a.���������������    u *   ��������� ���������   ' taken by Messrs. George  of Mount  Pleasant  Presbyterian       , T ^ .���������,..���������. .,  u     u     ii  i.    i. i j        m    j      and r- w- Williamson, tb<  church will be held on Monday'  The farewell performance of  the Australian Cadets will take  place in the Imperial Theatre on  Saturday night under the auspices of the Dufferin Chapter of  the Daughters of the Empire. It  is the last time the Cadets will  .appear before a Vancouver au-,  diehce, before they go eastward  tbrongh the Dominion. A large attendance is desired.  The city is now trying to arrange for a cross-over on the  Connaught bridge   whereby the J  (Thanksgiving Day) commencing  at 6 o'clock. The supper will be  served in the church dining hall  from 6 to 8, to be followed by a  concert  of  exceptional merit  in  the auditorium-. Those who will  contribute to the program will be  Misses Denton,   Nichol,   Duthie,  Stevens,    McDonald,    Campbell,  Barclay,   and   Messrs.    Carrick,  Brenchley   and   Wrennall.   The  admision to both supper, ahd concert is 25 cents, and a good time  is assured.  Aid.  C. E. Mahon was chosen  president of the Provincial Sunr  day School Association of B. C.  at the convention held here this  week.    The final meeting of the  convention took place in the ice  arena   near   Stanley   Park   last  evening.      The   finale took   the  form of a  prohibition  meeting,  following an immense procession  of   prohibitionists  which started  from the corner of. Hastings and  Gore avenue^and marched along  Hastings, Granville   and Pender  to the arena.     Fully two thousand took part in the procession  and about four thousand people  assembled at the arenft to listen  to the   debate, "Wet   vs. Dry"  Grant  e latter  impersonating the saloon-keeper  in his endeavor to get a renewal  of his license. The debate was  highly instructive to prohibition-1  ?muj>iiifrmA wins fi$st  Philadelphia Nationals got off  to a good start in the world, series today at the Quaker City by  defeating Boston 3 to 1. Alexander and #urns were the battery for tbe winners, and Shore  and Cady for Boston.  The next game in Boston tomorrow.  insight into the methods employ-,  ed by the liquor men to retain*  their license. The debate was  a long one, but was listened to  in an attentive manner., All in  all the concluding night's program was in keeping with the  other meetings of the convention  which was one pf the best in the  history of the association.  At the annuaL sport meeting of  the Sunday School Athletic Association which will be held on the  King Edward High School cam--  pus to-morrow ten teams will be  entered for competition. The  junior events will commence at  10 o'clock, and they promise to  produce keen competition. The  following events are scheduled  50-yard dash, 100-yard dash, 220  yards, 440 yards, half-mile relay  race (four men to a team), running high jump, running broad  jump, hop, step and-jump, putting the shot. Boys 16 years of  age and under are eligible in  these events. ^  The intermediate and senior  events will be pulled off iri the  afternoon, starting at 1.30 p.m.  iThe' intermediate events, open  to those of 19 years old and under are as follows: 100-yard dash.  220 yards, 440 yards, 880 yards,  half-mile relay race, high jump,  broad jump, hop, step and jump  and putting the shot. The senior  events will be the same as the intermediate  program.  Entries for the various competitions will be received up to the  time for the start of the programme. The executive of the  association is composed of Hon.  president, t Dr. J. G. Davidson ;  president, Dr. J. A. Gillespie;  secretary-treasurer, C. A. Wright ;  first vice-president, A. J. Witter;  second vice-president, F. J. Mc-  Kellar; third vice-president. Rev.  Furniture Wagons ^JVlocle^rii"Car Van  ���������e\^^ Roving wagon is������  put  together.'   There'sT ������������sJ2? -     ?X      ������*    ^     "^Xother  .     VWE-KNofpfcoW"  (>MPB.ajSnS&i.a  Oldest and i a^f.st in w^rgrTfcANADA  ThOME 3EVMOUR73aOX: ^rFKLfi5^BEATnL  flr  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  yi*Jfc]-__*-.  6. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1187L.,  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON b\ MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Cafpenters  Painting, Paperhanglng and Kalaomining  Shop: 1065 Dunamuir St. , Vanooufctp-" ti*p*  I  v ���������  llll  li  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of FOTJLTBT .VUPfZJBS, HAY, OBAXV,  chop, a*a  Vernon Feed Co.  ������TH AMD FBA8BB  (Branch ttHsx Mt Pleaeaat)  WS STAND FOB QUALITY, 8BRVI0B   AHD   .LOW  TBE  BRIDGE BUILDER  ists, inasmuch as it gave a clear]G.   A.   Pringle;    committee,'A  Locksley, E. Dowe, G. Nixon, g!  Allan and E. Ron9.  An old man going a lone highway  Came- at the evening cold and gray,  To a chasm vast; and deep and wide.  The  old man crossed' in- the twilight  dim, ~ ,  The   sullen   stream   had   no   fear   for  Vhjin;      . , ' '        ^  But he turned when safe on the other  aide  And built a bridge to span the'tide.  He,   too,   must   cross in. the   twilight j  dim���������  Good friend, I am building this,  for him!"  KILTIES SPORTS TO-MORROW  CHURCH SERVICES  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  Bead Office, aiQ-tf ^0wer BuilOiag  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER 0AJWU  1 t'\i  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edging! $5.00 in No. I District, also  AU kinds of Mill Wood  Pbone: Fair. 1564  mim%/*-<m$m  Mount  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and'J)ray.    Hacks and Carnages  at all hoars.  Phone Fairmont 8*88  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Church services in Mi. Pieas-  an$ will be conducted as follows5  on Sunday:  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ���������  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, pastor, will  preach at both services. The  morning subject will be "An Inspired Vision of the Future."  The evening subject "Tbe Nation  al Crisis and tbe Guiding Hand."  Special Thanksgiving music at  both services. - Sunday School  at 2.30.  ,Mt. Pleasant Baptist���������Rev. J  S. Henderson will preach in the  morning and the pastor, Rev. A.  ~WJ Bafcerj in the evening.  Special Thanksgiving services  will be held on October I7th in  this church. Rev. Dr. Campbell, of  First Baptist church, will conduct  the service on the 17th.  St. Paul's Presbyterian ��������� Rev.  R. G. McBeth will preach morning and evening. The morning  subject, "The Value of the Individual; the evening subject "The  Goodness of Thanksgiving," a  sermon on the eve of Thanksgiving Day.  Ruth Morton Memorial, Cor.  27th and Prince Albert���������Harvest  Thanksgiving Festival Services,  with special children's songs.  The pastor, Rev. J. W. Litch, will  conduct the services. The morning subject, "A Garden of the  Lord." The evening subject "The  Beautiful Bountiful Harvest; At  the evening the musical part of.  the program will be augmented  by special violin music byV Mr.  Bottomley.  In Mt. Pleasant Baptist church  on Monday morning (Thanksgiving Day) a special service for all  Mount Pleasant people will be  held. Rev. Mr. Mitchell will be the.  speaker and will be assisted by  the other ministers on the bUl.  The Thanksgiving collection will  be in aid of the Children's Aid  Society and the Alexandra Orphanage;  All these services, are open to  the public, who are cordially invited to attend.  The public is extended a cordial invitation to attend the regimental sports of the 72nd  Seaforth Highlanders which are  to be held at Hastinge Park tomorrow (Saturday) afternoon. A  fine lis-t of events has been prepared and- the Highlanders will  be inspected early in the day by  Sir Charles Peers Davidson, the  royal commissioner, who is in the  city at present.  GREECE TO BE NEUTRAL  Despatches today from Athens  state that after an all-night session the members of the iZaimas  cabinet have decided that the  terms of the Serb-Greek treaty  do not require the intervention  of Greece to defend Serbia. Accordingly,- the- cabinet drew up a  programme which well be presented1^ to the Chamber of Deputies  on Monday. The cabinet adjourned at daylight,, the premier immediately conferring with the I  king.  "Old man," said a fellow pilgrim near,  "You are wasting your strength with  building here; , -  Your journey will end with the ending day,  You never again will pass this way,  You've crossed  the  chasm   deep  and  wide,  Why build you this bridge at evening  tide?"  The builder lifted his old gray T������ead���������  "Good friend, ib   the   path   I   have  come," be said,  "There foUoweth after me to-day,  A  youth whose  feet  must  pass  this  way,  This chasm that .has been as naught  to me, ���������*-  To that fair-haired youth,, may a,.pitfall be;  Construction on the new  couver  elevator  is being r  and it is expected that tbe\  tractors,   Messrs. Barnet &  Queen will have the new s  ture ready for opening by J  ary 1st.  The best things are nearest���������br  in   your nostrils,  light  in  yonr '  flowers, at your feet,  duties at  hand, the path .of God just before  Then do not  grasp at the stars,  do   life's  plain common  work  as  comes, certain that  daily duties  daily .bread   are   the sweetest  of life,���������Lord Houghton.  things  No matter how homely a man is  be always imagines he has a  pleasing personality.  Beware of the man wbo can  keep a straight face when he tells ���������  a crooked' story.  Tbe Game of .Life  Play the game! Play it fair,  but P^y it aU the time to win.  We are not here to whine and  complain, to stay down because  we are knocked down, to blame  the inequalities of the ground or  the unfairness of the umpire.  Where there are no difficulties  there can be no victories. We  are here to win if we can in  every condition that confronts us,  to do our best in any case, and  to  do it to -the  end.  United States in 1914 had 22,-  000,000 persons enrolled in educational institutions.  A SHOE YOU CAN  DEPEND UPON  LECKIE'S BOOTS AND SHOES are not made of  inferior leather treated to look nice on display to  fool the public into buying, but are made OF THE  VERY CHOICEST, STRONGEST-WEARING  LEATHER by skilled workmen���������a boot that will  wear, fit, and appear to advantage���������a SHOE YOU  CAN DEPEND UPON. Insist that your dealer  show you, a pair. Made in B. C.  BUBAXt BOAD KEAB VANCOUVER

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