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The Western Call 1915-10-22

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 I l~   I  X-X   '   - ,      '  '   '      ,   XX-     -^ <*  w-_ _    kit  I* x     V553 *  -.   .^X^f ,T    ''-XVXV  ? ;>>,- x  '        -.'-- -\j'   "_-rf ^ '        .  >    -     .   4*^'\    r      -,      - ^  l_f   l_f    * ������n *c������.-k_____is "  X ( -* vA /%, Ap< ,'-  ;"'. X X  ^ **���������.  ^' ii j,   j,  ' >,    x j  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western Peopl  >unwl PhMrtMKj  Arrow SMrriM dar and  ,      '      night,      t  Moderate chai������w.  '    r    X  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER,, BRITISH COLUMBIA/   FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  SS  No.' 24  GERMANY'S RISE AND FALL  THERE ARE MOMENTS in a nation's history when the hand of fate" touches the dial  plate of disaster���������then comes the encK It is the  recorded verdict of. history that such moments  are usually heralded by glowing triumphs, vast  achievements, dazzling "successes; a nation is  seldom so supremely powerful as in the hour  that immediately precedes its downfall. It is  the law of nature, aa well as the law of nations;  all fruit ripens till it rots, then at its best it  falls from the bough to mingle with the soil from  whence it sprang. Grain comes to perfection;,  then even the whisper of a storm will shake it  from the husk. Green or unfinished grain will  cling to the husk in the midst of a storm and  uprear itself in the morrow's sunlight to go until  the alloted task is complete.  It is that way with empires; it is history's  unimpeachable verdict. It is that way with Germany now,' her course is nearly run, soon she  will hear the clock strike and the midnight of  her existence will.be reached; her dazzling destiny fulfilled, her greatness will be as last year's  leaves, her power as a withered bough. She has  reached the zenith of her destiny, and her star,  that niight have been a beacon for the "world,  will sink in abyssmal blackness.  The Germanic Rise  To the student of history, half a dozen generations are but as hours" to a. school boy, and it  seems but yesterday that Germany stood as an  unconsidered trifle in the lap of the world; a  race of white barbarians, degrading the' civili-  .. ation of Europe���������powerful in physique, brutal in  features,, foul, feeders, deep drinkers, dull of  brain,, heavy of hand, coarse, common, and  cruel; yoking their women ^>,th������ plpugb in the  fields with oxen, compelling them* ;tb'-drag'their  heavy springless carts through towns and villages harnessed side by side with dogs. They  had no manufactures worth speaking about outside of. Saxony, no commerce, n,o-������trade; they  were the most primitive people on the~ map of  Europe, living mainly by' crude tillage of the  soil; a brutish breed who had no souls, no,ideals, j  no culture, no chivalry. Crude force,. sledge-'  hammer force, was their ideal of J>ower, To  throttle with great, strong, hairy, dirty hands  all who opposed them was tbe bed' root of German idealism. They were a breed of clansmen,  who lived like beasts and died^like brutes.  Germany Finds Her Soul  - * A host of noble poets sprang up as if by ma*  gic, a school of fine painters, a cult of. sublime  thinkers, and the German brute was lifted out  of his wallow and, fashioned into something in  the shape of a man, but below the surface the  white savage still slumbered. A woman was  never "the angel of the house''in Germany; she  was never more than "something handy to have  about the place," and a nation that does not  idealize its women is half savage at heart, for  woman is more than the mother.of the race���������  ���������she is its, saviour if it is to last. Germany under  the new impulse began to stir like a giant child  in the womb of time, she began to grow great,  but-the bristles never left the wild beast's back,  the tusks of the forest ravager were always  these; poets, thinkers, writers, orators, all failed to do more than "veneer" the hide. A brute  beast the German was born, and the brutishness  vwill damn him. r ..  The Master Devil  Germany was, escaping from the toils of her  destiny when Bismarck, the Iron Chancellor, was  born. William of the red hand calls Bismarck  the saviour, of Germany; he was the devil's outsider, and Germany's curse. Had this man  never been born, thje Gernian race might have  ful611ed the laws of eyblutign and become really  great; their natural force,,', if trained and led  aright niight huye made the whole world gladsome. Bismarck was a throwback" to the stone  age, a man with a colossal brain and no con-,  Xscience, an iron will, but no soul. Before his  birth he had been balanced in hell and made*  perfect for evil. Massivem all tl^gs���������-even in  ���������crime���������he* was a mountain of-infamy shapen^like  .a man, but a devil by destiny.:     V    -     r      ...  There is nothing surer vthan. this, that unseen  forces guide men as :menv'-.gui'de-'hOrsesr;,->':;'What;  there was of humanity, in'Bismarck's nature  was bound up in two /things-���������-love of Germany-  and hate of Britain. In danger be was' brave  as a liph, yet he was a liar to the roots of his  soul. His brain was..big- -enough to conceive  plans for the dominance of Europe, yet be was-a  forger, a trickster and a cheat. In.all his dealings with the .Chancellors of Europe, he played  -with marked cards. ���������> He was _the blight of Ger-  (Continued: on  Page   4)  VLADIVOSTOK  THE HARBOUR OP VLADIVOSTOK is  crowded with' vessels up to 18,000 tons. The  significance to Russia of the port of Vladivostok  during the last twelve months has attracted much  attention to eastern Siberia, and to the trade opportunities in that market. The interest thus  aroused is not likely to disappear at the close  of the Avar. The Russian government moreover  has made provision for the improvement of Vladivostok, together with other ports on the coast,  add for steamship intercommunication,- including  a service on the Amur River and to Vancouver.  The relatively liberal tariff policy in regard to  Asiatic Russia, where, as duty is free, importation of a large range of articles is 'permitted,  presents another favourable feature. The Imperial Railway Administration haVe also recently made the important decision to put into  force, at the end oft the war,.reduced through  rates on merchandise shipped on through bills of  lading via Vladivostok to points in the interior.,  BULGARIA  THE FRUIT MARKET  OP  SIBERIA  - WITH REGARD TO FRUIT, the importing  , houses of Vladivostok spoke encouragingly of  the opening ior fresh apples and pears from  British Columbia, and for evaporated apples in  rings and   quarters.      Canned   (gallon)  apples  - should also sell. With the assistance of the  iv"regular steamship service, "maintained.by the  ��������� Russian Volunteer Fleet, with Vancouver, a sat-  1 isfactpry trade in fruit could probably be- built  up.     The market lies -in the urban centres in  the Maritime and Amur provinces.    These districts are too remote for the fruit raised in Turkestan and the Caucasus, which districts supply  " Western Siberia.  THE ARENA RINK  BULGARIA has juggled'with fate^by bargaining first with one group of belligerents, then  with the1 other, and the inevitable result will be  the loss of prestige as a nation. Should the Teu- ,  tonic Allies win (an utter impossibility) she  could only expect some minor concession at the  expense of her neighbors Servia, Roumania and  Greece, thereby gaining, with the'territory ceded, .  their bitter, enmity, plus the contempt and ,dis-  i trust of ,the world.     Should the Entente Allies  win ,(and that is a certainty) then Bulgaria has  forfeited her only argument for recognition as A  an independent.nation by deliberately bargaining r  away her birthright, her liberty, her integrity^ foj >:���������  prospective material gain. *./'..<  ' Belgium, crushed and bleeding, over-run witn .-  ��������� vicious aliens as she is, has forever established  her right to recognition ������s a kingdom by,ref using  to barter with a great bully of a' neighbor' He*'  dignified refusal, her indomitable courage in resisting the unlawful demands of Germany VhasJ  stamped her as a great nation-and she will live.  But Bulgaria has sounded her doom with the  boonv of her first cannon.  Already Bulgaria's action has re-acted in fa-  *vor of the allies by opening a new way to,strike"  at Germany through Austria, and Bulgaria will  shortly become a veritable shambles, as have  Belgium and Poland. The allies hive been  quick to take advantage of this opportunity and  arerushing men to the new field and the Austro-  German troops find that their southern drive is  not so easy as they expected, in fact, it is the  reverse, and'the armies of the allies have "been  successful in this new field.  ���������Bulgaria'will learn, too late,-however, that-  with nations, as with men, it is always best to  choose the path of honor.  ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR resorts during the  winter   months in   Vancouver   is   the  arena rink.   It is one of the most up-to-date"  and   commodious   rinks   in Canada.   In   a recent issue the sporting editor criticized the management for^ charging .50 cents per evening, but  we are pleased to acknowledge that in this we  were in error.     Mr. Frank Patrick, the genial  manager, informs us that the charge is 25 cents  for occasions when there" is no music,  and 40  cents for evenings with band attendance. - He  also states that the charges for hockey matches'  r are lower than Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa.  We are more than pleased to make this* correction, especially in view of the well-known public-'  spiritedness   of, the   Arena   Company.   On the  out-break v of. war, -Mr. Patrick and his asso-  eiate$. gaye the arena for the use of the troops  *'free,*',and any worthy cause can "secure this'  WghisQfent auditorium without charge, such is  ' the geherous spirit actuating this "Company. Nor  s 'canv'We overlook the great service rendered to  ' pur coast district by Mr. Frank Patrick and his,  .%iend8-,in,'tlie. promotion of hockey.1 "They have  t spent time and money freely and deserve tbe  best support of our city.  RELIEF!    RELIEF!  .'V ,  , c .->  ' VANCOUVER is heading Wraigh;!} for a  "bread line" tjus winter. Not of necessity,  but because of the deliberate neglect of the city-  council to deal with the problem intelligently.'  No civilized country can allow people to starve  ���������they must feed them. It is simply a question  of whether we shall do it economically and with  a minimum of pauperizing influence, or shall we  drift along until conditions become so acute'  that very shame will force us to open\'/soup--  kitchens." A little application of "brain"  now would save a vast amount of trouble and  heart-burning thia winter. '  ( .' XV-l  UY  y.1  k 47  *   J,{  ROW CANAPA GAINS  CANADA is% taxing herself pretty heavily for  the war. A- tax on tea, a graduated income  tax, and a Dominion loan of $100,000,000 are  mooted. But Canada is "prospering just the  same. The country has recovered from the sudden blow that seemed to fall upon its industries  at the moment of the war's outbreak. In reality,  the Dominion occupies a highly favorable situation with regard to the war and the Imperial  need. It caanot be ravaged or attacked. Its  productions are for the most part the very things  that the allied governments wantr-fod-stuffs,  lumber, minerals, and now, in considerable measure, a line of'manufactures which have been stimulated by the war demand. The position of Canada is not1 different frpm that of New England in  the CiVil War. It pays its heavy tribute of  - blood and. sorrow. The' noblest and most hopeful youth of the country has been drawn upon.  The stories with which we are familiar in the literature of our Civil War���������the search "for the  wounded boy in the hospitals; the long suspense  ending in heartbreak; the sacrifice of several  sons in the same family-; the 'mainstay and brilliant hope of the future gone���������-these are the sad  ���������commonplaces of.the*day. But in a material  sense the/Dominion will be stimulated by the  war, as New England was in 1861-65. New England; entered the Civil War provincial; it came  out of it national. "Its cities grew, and in spite  of the passing blow to the cotton mills, its, manufactures developed. . 'Canada' has lent valuable  support to the Empire, so that its name ,is blessed in England as it has never been before; and*  at the same time it has learned its own strength.  It will come out of, the war much greater than  it" went in.���������Boston Transcript:  tee o. y. r, Espgpmoy  FOR SOME_ MONSTHS, in fact for about  three years, we have heard much from the opponents of the Provincial and the Federal Governments regarding the hopeless condition of the  C. N. R.. It has been stated that the road was  merely "two streaks of rust," that it was without ballast, that the curves were impossible, in  . short, that the road ^s an utter failure. Sir  Wm- Mackenzie and Sir Donald Mann have said  little, but yet have not been idle. They have  _bided Jtheir_time, and_then_cpollyiinyited__all the  members of ,phrliament and senators to take  a trip on "toe first through train.'' . This was  somewhat disconcerting to their enemies, wbo  had so definitely stated that the road would be  unsafe for travel for years. However, Sir William took all risks and staked his reputation on  this most extraordinary offer and fitted out a  magnificent train of fifteen coaches, including  diners, recreation coach, reading and lounging  coach, etc. His offer was accepted by 125 parliamentarians of. both houses, and this magnificent  train of fifteen coaches made the trip clear  across the continent,with never more than one  engine. This was Sir William's answer to his  critics���������to haul a double train with only one  engine and, at that, over a new roadbed. When  it is remembered that'a Ml C. P. R. train consists of eleven coaches and even then they take  a "helper" engine up many grades, it will be  better appreciated what an' accomplishment it  has been for the C. N. R. to bring fifteen coaches through with only one engine. .Sir William  and Sir Donald have vindicated their reputations^  as '.'railway builders" by giving to Canada a  road with the lowest grades on the American continent, and with a road bed capable of carrying the heaviest possible load at the'very oitt-  set .of its career as a railway.  Then it must also be borne in mind that this  road (the C,N. R.) has cost less to build than  any road in Canada. With such a magnificent  grade, and a low capitalization, the C. N. R.  should become a factor in adjusting freight:  rates. No wonder" there has been \ howling.  Where has it originated? This much seems  clear, the C. N. R. group have for the present  silenced all carping criticism. We welcome Sir  William and his notable guests, and trust that  this splendid feat may be a happy augury for  the future success of the road.  GUN-COTTON FROM WOOD PULP  COTTON and' its substitutes, and other war    *  emergency achievements of the German chemists, "  are   discussed by   Dr.  Hugo  Schweiter  in air  article in the American Review of Reviews. Dr.'  Schweitzer is' there described as "a distinguish-,  ed American chemist, who has had extended experience in Germany both as a scholar and as an   '  industrial chemist,   and 'who has  also   visited  Germany since the'opening of the'war."- With  reference to cotton, Dr. Schweitzer writes:  The agricultural chemist has also undertaken  the task* of supplying Germany with a substitute for cotton���������wljich can.no longer be procur- y  ed frojn us. v,Although it is realized that" there ���������  are enormous'difficuities in the way, a great' deal  has already been accomplished.     Paper spun1  into threads in special machines serves as a sub*    '  stitute for obUou ^d jute in the manufacture  of bags, ota, w!*ach;,tieed not stand heavy wear'"  ,aml tefci^^^Hhe manufacture of gun-eottan, ^'SS'-Jf  cellulosotia/ienipldfla; which is; produced from   *"'"* "^'"  wood .pulp  by  the. various 'refining pmcesses  now \ix use.  It is possible to make in this way  ���������a cellulose that for many purposes is. superior  .ito.cotton fibw. Xte^-in Wartime, people ^raaJ  ' think of such frivolous things as clothes, and the  , German chemists are hard put to it to improvise  substitutes for the ordinary cotton fabrics. The  nettle fibre, which, was largely used in Europe  as a textile*" material before tbe introduction of  cotton, has again attracted much attention. Most  interesting reports are being published and patents are, being taken out for the utilization of the  bast fibre of willow bark.  t J 1 " *** J-  ./"'���������*���������'"���������'.-. -���������������������������  Fight or pay hits the shirkers.  ELECTRICAL PROGRESS JN OmNA  THE RAPID ADVANCE of electrical engineering in China during the last few years, and  the growing interest in the possibilities of electrical current for town lighting and industrial  power throughout the republic, hold out - a pro- -  mising future for enterprise in this > direction,  qnd for the huge trade in machinery and materials involved. v Shanghai has a municipal installation with a capacity of 14,000-k.m., the  plant beijlg of the most modern type, and generally conceded to be the finest in the far east. v It -  is to be noted that extensions up to an additional  capacity of. 20,000-k.w. are planned. Hongkong  boasts two electricity supply companies, one  having a station with 2,600-k.w. Diesel engines  and 600-k.w. steam engines; the other with 516-  k.w, and further plant on order to the extent  of 700-k.w. At Canton the public supply com- *  pany uses steam and Diesel engines to an aggregate capacity of 1,540-k.w.  The above: are outstanding instances of the  progress which is* being .made, but there are  many other installations of scarcely less importance, as, for example, at Soochow, Kiangsu province, where the capacity of the plant is 1,375-  k.w.; Chang Chow, in the; same: province; Fat-  shan, Kwangtung province; Kongmoon, Kwang-  tung province; Hoihow, Hainan; and also at  Tientsin, Shek Ki Heungshan,- Pekin, Changsha,  Tsingtau, and Macao. Many of these plants,  arid the list is^ by no means complete, are of  over 1,000-k.w., and some are, much larger. One  British firm alone have installed over 100 steam  engines in China, of a total horse-power of nearly 30,000, most of which tare used for electricity  supply in some 40 different districts. A tendency which set in some time beforeVthe Avar is  .the replacing.of original German plants.by those  of British type. .The war is certain to give  fresh impetus to this tendency, especially as it  is now impossible to obtain supplies from jGer-  niany. The prosDect before importers in regard  to-the supply .of materials'is therefore particularly promising, aXl tt is advisable that they  should get into touch with British firms of high  standing in order to cope with the rapidly increasing demand. ���������''���������   ':. ,  i  71  ^1 s  Friday, October 22, 1915.  s  NEWCOMERS TO CANADA  It is difficult to conceive how  average men or women who adopt Canada as their home, earn  their living here, and become  qualified to vote and take part in  her affairs, can fail to become  good Canadians and proud of.  their country when they have  been properly informed about  history in the past, her present  position as owner of the northern  half of this continent, with its  unlimited natural resources and  possibilities, and her future as  the nation within the great British Empire destined to take the  leading part. ' s  We have great natural resources in our lands,  forests, seas,  lakes and rivers. Including   our  great Northwest, Canada is destined to become one of the greatest agricultural countries in   the  world, producing the finest quality of grain and other agricultur-#  al products in increasing quantities, for indefinite years. British  Columbia is a marvel of richness  only awaiting development.   We  are but on the threshold of   the  development bf the richness and  resources of Ontario, Quebec and  the   Maritime   provinces.      Our  climate, taken  as a whole,    is  healthy and enjoyable. Our people are "sober, industrious, intelligent and law abiding. Our laws,  speaking generally, are' good, and  .and      are      administered     by  courts   against   whose integrity  and uprightness no suspicion has  been breathed. Our press can be  as free and independent as    it  likes, without fear of restraint  except by public opinion and the  law of libel. We have freedom of  speech and of religious thoughts  and opinions, and in their expression.   Our   country can produce  everything necessary to healthful  jmd comfortable living, and any  sober and industrious man who  desires to make Canada his home  can earn a living here. We have  practically no pauper class of the  kind know;n in the old world, and  what distress there is from want  of the necessaries of life is us-  ually found in   the cities   and  among  those  who   crowd  into  them from other' lands, and even  among them it is short lived. All  these reasons should make,  and  doubtless do make, dwellers "in  Canada contented and happy.  But these reasons alone will not  make them good Canadians. The  crops may fail; business, for  world-wide reasons, may become  dull and inactive; work may be  difficult to- secure, and "hard  times" generally may arise. He  who in the face of- hard times  still.loves and believes in his  country and her , counstitution,  and takes his part in upholding  her nationality and working out  her destiny as the leading unit  in the wonderful group of Dominions and Colonies forming part  of tbe great British Empire, he  is the good Canadian, no matter what political party he may  have joined, and no matter from  what country he may have come.  There will always be a majority and a minority upon the details of all great questions; there  are usually- a majority and minority upon great questions themselves; but upon all questions  which affect Canada's nationality the vast majority of. good  Canadians may in the long run  be relied upon to take the true  national view.  A  knowledge  of  our natural  resources and riches, of our people, of the upright administration  of our laws, of the freedom of  our press, of our speech and of  our   religious   liberty,   and    of  the ability to make a gpbd living here, will not alone make a  newcomer to Canada a good Canadian. A knowledge of the essentials  of  our   constitution    and  law-making powers, and of our  position and duties and responsibilities as a nation within   the  Empire, and, as connected  with  our constitution, a knowledge of  our early and modern ^history (a  subject full of interest   and romance), are necessary to the making of a permanently good Canadian.  Although, our constitution is a  written one, and, so far as concerns our internal affairs, and  the relations between the provinces and between the Dominion and tbe provinces, the British North America Act must be  our guide, yet, so far as concerns Canada's position in the  Empire, the relations between her  and the  other Dominions,,  the  TRUE ECONOMY  "Economy lies always in wise'expenditure. It is not  what is spent, but what is, gained {ot what is-spent,  that tests   econolJly.,,  Good words, these, covering a cardinal principle of efficient home, office, factory and store management. ���������  Our service is built nftnly -from the ground up on true  economy as a basis. We" observe its laws in the purchase  of the materials we, use and the plants we operate. We,  therefore, possess a practical knowledge of its advantages.  And this knowledge we have earned by experience we gladly pass along to our customers���������it forms a very real paTt  of our service.  The prices our customers pay for electric service also reflect the principles of true economy. Tho public's dollar  purchases a round dollar's worth���������not ninety-nine cents'  worth.  Hastings .and  Carrall Streets,  Phone Seymour 5000  "Pride of the West"  BRAND  ���������v.-  i'n  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  ;"'��������� .���������.'��������� ��������� y ���������-/���������///b^. ���������;���������-'-.;  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  "five New Nations and the Islands of the Sea," and the relations between her and foreign  countries, our future must largely depend upon ourselves and upon onr appreciation of our duty  to .Canada, and of our duties and  responsibilities towards the Mother Country and towards the  other members of the Empire.  There are three main classes of  immigrants who have come ahd  are coining to Canada; 1st, those  from Great Britain; 2nd, those  from- European countries, and  3rd, those from the United States of America.  Those coming from Great Britain, being British subjects, are  entitled at once on compliance  with formalities to vote at our  elections. The danger involved in the granting of an immediate franchise to newcomers is  to a large extent counteracted by  the fact that these people are  British subjects and that they  are already familiar with our  general position as a daughter of  the great British mother. At  the same time, the danger is real,  because many of them arrive  without sufficient information for  any intelligent opinions, or with  preconceived opinions formed under conditions not applicable here  They have a great deal to unlearn before they 'can properly  appreciate Canadian conditions.  As a rule, those of them who  have thought from the point of  view of the mother towards her  family; they have not seen from  the point of view in * Canada,  where we aspire to be a nation  within the Empire and to deal  with and work out our own prob  lems. A great deal of information  must be imparted to the newcomers from Great Britain.  , Those coming from European  countries present different problems. They have everything to  learn, including the language,  and their education upon Canadian affairs must deal with its  -A. B. C's. Some of them, too,  come with preconceived opinions.  Under our present naturalization  laws tbey have to be domiciled  in Canada for three years before  becoming British subjects. Xt is  during this period that their, education with respect to Canada  and Canadian affairs will have  the most important results.  Those coming from the United  States of America present other  problems, and probably the most  difficult of all. They, too, .have to  live here for three years before  becoming naturalized,' and this  periodshould be taken advantage  of to make them good Canadians,  having the interests of Canada  and the Empire first at heart.  The necessity for adopting and  carrying out a proper plan of education and information for these  three classes of newcomers must  be apparent  Since, 1787 the fringe along the  Atlantic coast has been extended  from the Atlantic to thj3 Pacific, and from the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico as it now it, to  Canada. The population has increased from 3,000,000 to nearly  "JCO.OOO.OOO. Eailways and telegraphs and telephones connect  ihe west with the east, and the  south with the north. Transpor  tation and communication are  now easier and more rapid between New York and San Francisco than they were in 1787 between New York and Philadelphia ; and, so far as trade is concerned, the whole country from  north to south and from east to  west is practically one.  Take the subject of trade, and  of transportation, which is so intimately connected with it. It  does not require much consideration to see that to regulate efficiently the trade of a country the  size of Canada or the United  States- where the question of  transportation and'.freight rates  is of, sueh vital importance,  where discrimination may enrich  one industry or section and ruin'  another, and where huge combinations may practically monopolize the-necessaries of life, both  in foods and manufactures, there  should be one general legislative  power capable _ of dealing with  all the important questions  which are involved. In Canada  we have such power in the Dominion parliament. In the United  States the power which Congress  posseses is confined to that species of commerce which is with  foreign countries, among the several states and with the Indian j  tribes. This 'power is far short {  of what is required to successfully cope with the evils connected with trade and transportation  which have grown up in the  States. Attempts to cope with  them have been made by Congress, but so far they have been  only partially successful, owing,  I believe, mainly to the difficulty, if not the impossibility, of  framing'effective* laws because of  the defective jurisdiction which is  vested in congress. Each state has  power to regulate trade and  transportation within its own  borders. It is, in fact, only by implication that congress has any  jurisdiction over state .railways,  and this implied jurisdiction extends only so far as it can be said  to be a regulation' of commerce  among the several states or with  foreign nations.  With respect to trade which begins and ends within a state, congress is    practically    powerless..  Tis true that our provinces, like  the various  states, have  power  to incorporate railways to operate in the province, and to regulate their tariffs and their business, and to establish commissions  for that purpose, but this power  is contained in the grant of legislative authority   over   "local  works and- .undertakings"   and  "the incorporation of companies  with   provincial   objects."    *To  complete the jurisdiction of   the  Dominion over such local works  and undertakings express power  is  vested  in the parliament  of  Canada to declare a local work  or undertaking to be for the general advantage of Canada or of  any two or more of the provinces,  and upon such declaration being  made, parliament has jurisdiction  over it.    No such power is vested in congress with  respect  to  works within a  state.   Bear  in  mind, too, that in Canada    the  power to regulate trade and commerce is vested in the Dominion  parliament and not in the provinces.            - - - - -   - -  "With respect, therefore, to the  two great subjects of trade and  transportation, a newcomer from  the United States of America  comes to a country where under  its constitution power exists to  pass efficient laws to guard  against the evils which exist in  the country he cdmes from, and  he may well be satisfied with the  change. This power has been exercised already in important instances, such as the act creating  an all powerful railway commission and the aet relating to the  investigation of injurious trade  combinations. Clear power exists to make such' amendments  and additions to these Acts as the  public interests may from time  to time require. ��������� -���������  Phone Seymour 8171  > \  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  ^nfc  leb as  butter"  s  5c  FULL  POUND  LOAF.  Telephone  Fairmont  -44-  BOTTER NOT  BnEAO8^" Saves the  Necessity of BAKING  At last, a real, pure wholesome bread, fine  for Father, fdr Mother, full of food value for  the children���������made from the same pure ingredients the most careful "housewife would use  were  she baking��������� >  BUTTER-NUT    BREAD  comes absolutely clean, wrapped in a sanitary wax wrapper, costs no more than others,  5c a pound loaf. Save baking ' troubles���������havb  this delicious bread delivered daily. Phone  Fairmont 44 TODAY, or insist that your grocer  deliver   it.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  ���������Bakers of SHELLY'S 4X BREAD.,  ' Fairmont 44.       *  Phone  WHAT PREVENTS YOU  PEOM JOINING?  Are YOU doing your share in  this war?  YOU cannot escape responsibility. The finger of duty points directly at YOU. Never mind your  neighbor or the man in the next  block.   What are YOU doing!  If you are a good Canadian  and a British subject and a man  this is YOUR war. Your liberty  and YOUR HOME are as much  in danger as if you lived in Flanders. If the Germans get  through a������d smash Great Britain, good-bye to British institutions in Canada. Ask your French-  Canadian friends what Germany  did to Alsace and Lorraine.  When the forests are on fire  around a settlement, the men  don't wait till their own houses  catch. They fight the danger  where they can reach it. The  blaze that threatens YOUR home  to-day must be fought in Flanders.    Don't let it spread!  Of course.everybody can't go  overseas to fight. Some are too  old; some are physically unfit;  some are chained home by family cares and duties. Stern necessity keeps these from the firing  line. But there are other press-'  ing patriotic duties besides fighting. The Patriotic Fund needs dollars. Other patriotic movements  need f.unds and personal work.  The local militia regiments need  men to fill the ranks depleted by  the overseas contingents. Weekly  there are wounded soldiers" com  ing back whom you could help.  What are YOU doing?  If you are so sickly or crippled or poor that you can't fight,  or work, or contribute .to the'  cause, at least' you can give a  cheer when the boys march by.  But if you are young and strong  and well you cannot honorably  escape greater service than that.  If you have not more helpless  people dependent upon you than  can be comfortably supported on  your pay and separation allowances, you should be with the colors. If you are tied by family  duties you should at least train  for home defence. You may need  it yet. Anyway���������if you can't go  and fight yourself, it is only fair  to learn the* business of fighting  so you can help train a substitute.,.  BUtt* ANP BEARS  The Stock Exchange use of the  term "ber" is with reference to  the animals pulling. down. The  bear pulls down prices; so in the  other direction the bull tosses  them up. Originally the expression was "a bearskin -jobber,"  applied to a person who sold a  bearskin before he' had caught  his bear. The bearskin jobber  was a person who sold stocks  "which he did not own. Of course  lie was interested by the fact of  his sale to have prices come  down and schemed to pull them  down. In that way he became  called simply a bear without reference to the original proverb.  ONE   OF   COQUITLAM'S   BUSINESS   STREETS  ���������������������������������-������������,I_#ira*������r������M^V^-~*������'" XX'X  ^X;';^;XX'i^X���������'  m  --lt���������-.r.  Friday, October 22, 1915  _^       [>  3  Count Tolstoy, shortly before his  death, in response to an oral  message from the Czar, sent to  him a pqlitical prophecy, the  substance of which follows. The  Czar forwarded the same to the  Kaiser of Germany and the King  of England. Theosophists who  I have been given glimpses of what  lies behind the curtains of the  future will be interested in this:  "The events, which I here re-  , veal, are of a universal character, and must shortly come to  pass. I see the form, of a woman floating upon the sea of human fate. Nations rush madly after her, but she only tbys with  each. Her diamonds and her rubies write her name "Commercialism." ^ Alluring and bewitching'she seems, but destruction and agony follow in her  wake. Her breath reeks of sordid  transaction, her voice is metallic  in character, and her look of  greed is as so much poison to the  nations who fall victims to,her  charms. She carries aloft three  torches of universal corruption,  one representing war, one bigotry, and hypocrisy, and the third  law, that dangerous foundation  of. all unauthentic traditions.  The great conflagration will start  about 1912, set by the first torch,  in cbuntries of south-eastern  Europe, (Turkey, Italy, Belgium,  Servia, etc.) It will develop into a destructive calamity in 1913.  I see Europe in t flames and bleeding, and hear the lamentations of  huge battlefields. But about ��������� the  year 1915 a strange figure enters the stage of the bloody  drama. He is a man of little military training, but he will hold  most .of Europe in his grip till  1925. He is already walking the  earth; a man of affairs, a mission is assigned him by a superior power. This is marked a new  political era for the old; world  ���������no empires and kingdoms, but  the whole world will form a federation of the united states of nations. After 1925 I see a change  in religious sentiments���������the fall  of the church and the decline of  the ethical idea. Then a great  reform begins. It will lay the  corner stone of the Temple of  Pantheism. God, soul, spirit and  immortality will be molten in a  new furnace and will prepare the  way for the peaceful beginning of  a new ethical era. Political and  religious disturbances have shaken the spiritual foundations of  all nations, but I see each growing  wiser. I see the passing show of  the world drama fade like the  glow of evening upon the mountains, and with one motion of the  hand of Commercialism a riew  history begins."  WELLINGTON'S COOLNESS  The Duke of Wellington was  one day sitting at his library table when the door opened and  without any announcement in  stalked a figure 'of singularly ill  omen.  "Who are you?" asked the  duke in his short and dry manner, looking up without the  slightest change of countenance  upon the intruder.  "I am Apollyn. I am sent here  to. kill  you,"  "Kill me?   Very odd."  "I am Apollyon and musfpay  you to death."  "'Bliged to do it today?"  "I am not told the day or the  hour, but I must do my mission."  "Very inconvenient; very busy,  great many letters to write. Call  again or write me word. I'll be  ready for you."  The duke then went on with his  correspondence. The maniac, appalled probably by the stern, immovable old- gentleman, backed  out of the room and in half an  hour was in an asylum.  Congregations at Edmunds,  Roundhay, and Leeds. England,  propose building a church, in  Canada -to strengthen the ties  between themselves and relatives  and friends in the Dominion, and  also to perpetuate the services of  the Canadians in the war.  w  Po You Want to Rent Your Home?  We are having numerous inquiries for houses, both furnished and  unfurnished, in all parts of the City. Expert service offered to  owners. Exclusive listings solicited. Consult "W. C. Pindlay, Manager Rental Dept. - " i  North' West Trust Company, Umited  E. E. MORGAN, PRESIDENT  609 RICHARDS  STREET.  PHONE, SET.  7467  It  THE RULE OF THE  ROAD CONTROVERSY  -   (From B. C. Motorist)  . __  *��������� .*  Several editorials have appeared  in the press strongly advocating  the advisability of altering the B.  C. "keep to the left"* rule of the  road, so as to bring that province  into line with the7 other Canadian  provinces and the United States.  It must be remembered that there  are always a large number'who disapprove of any change on^ principle  and hav.e to haye any new idea before them for some time befbrethey  can get used to it. So, it will be  with this question of the rule of the  road and the arguments in favor  of the change being so overwhelmingly strong, it can only be a matter of time and perseverance before it is brought about. The  great point is tha$ public interest  is now thoroughly aroused.       N ���������  Quite a number of letters for and  against have lately been appearing  in the public press, and the following extract is typical of the general tone of those who wish to  "let well alone" and allow the present state of affairs to continue. It  runs: "As to the tourist or occasional visitor, he is generally cosmopolitan and broad-minded enough  to understand "that when he is in  Rome he is expected to do as Rome  does.   That is well enougti."  Unfortunately for our correspondent's argument, the cosmopolitanism  and broad-mindedness of the motorist visitor to B. C. is not the important consideration; the real  point is the danger of life and limb  which such visitors must face at the  present time.' Of course, as a thrilling experience, changing their accustomed usage "at a moment's notice, and running into imminent peril of a serious accident may have  its charm for some; still we fancy  that the ordinary mortal would  rather dispense with the risk even  if this does mean doing without  the excitement. In fact, to go on  with the metaphor used above, until he can come to. Rome with a reasonable feeling of security, the  tourist will avoid that town and  Rome and the Romans will be the  sufferers.  Nor, as some hyper-sensative  people seem to think, would it be  "infra dig" for B. O. to make the  change. After all, practically the  whole of the North American continent has the right hand rule,, and  it would be absurdedly unreasonable to expect such a large body of  automobilists to alter their law to  suit the convenience of oriej Province. We hope that we have by  this time made it clear that" the  whole problem hinges not on any  question of provincial dignity, but  oi the necessity of protecting the  personal security, both of motorists  from B. C. who cross into neighboring territory. _Jn effecting an alteration of this kind there must necessarily be some trouble and confusion at first, and if is only right  that this be confine dto what is,  after all, only a small minority of  the North American continent motoring community.  Above all, let us repeat (for the  fact cannot be too strongly-emphasized) that for the sake of its prosperity, B. C. should do everything  in its power to attract the touring  motorist as the latter 4s normally a  most desirable' and profitable visitor.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  HEATING Ecpno,^���������^6^lc'ency���������  Our Business has been built up by merit alone  LiEEK & CO.  e X-      Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer SI. Sey. 661  3-  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  HORSES IN CITIES  (From B.  C. Motorist)  An ordinance which will remove  all horse-drawn vehicles from one  of its principal streets is being considered in St. Louis, Mo. If the ordinance is passed it will be watched  with interest by other cities.  In any event, a mandate of this  kind should give time for owners  of horse-drawn vehicles to get rid  of their teams and purchase automobiles or it is liable to work considerable hardship.      J/:  It is safe to assume that it will  not be many years before there will  be no horses whatever in cities, although the change will come gradually. In the case of express companies and* department stores which  now use large numbers of horse vehicles, it will be necessary to get  rid of them by degrees, either by  sale or by wearing them out to use-  lessness. v As for horses, the demand has not been so great for  many years,- but this is owing to  the European war which has destroyed hundreds of thousands of  fine animals. If the war should suddenly end the army horses now in  the field ,would be turned back to  farm or other business uses, and  this would quite likely congest the  market for a time and make sales  more difficult.  At any rate, it will be a blessing  to both man and horse when horses  are no longer used in cities. The  sooner that time comes the better.  *-  *'   '-..V'  FOLLOWING THE FLAG  SUBMERGING A SUBMARINE  It Takes Five Minutes for the  Best of Them to- Get Under  Submarines _ are not easy to  handle and it takes considerable  skill and daring to navigate them  successfully. Many people have  the idea that as soon as a submarine sees an enemy, the officer  in command, gives a sharp order  and almost before it has left his  lips the submarine is diving beneath the waves.  As a matter^ of fact the yery  latest submarines take a clear  five minutes before they can become submerged. Many of the  older submarines took ten* minutes to a quarter of ah'hour to  sink.  The reason that a submarine  cannot dive quickly, like a fish,  is because the water which must  be let into her tanks to, make  her heavy enough to sink, must  be let in comparatively slowly  If it were let in with a rush the  chances are the vessel would not  go down on an even keel, but  would heel over and be in great  danger of disaster. If. water, too,  werev let in "too quickly there is  a danger of letting in too much  and, in that case the submarine  would sink like a stone to the  bottom of the sea.  The depth at which a submarine travels under the sea is  regulated by* horizontal rudders.  The water that is let in the ballast tanks is just sufficient to  "balance" the vessel in the sea  without rising or sinking. ^  instrument is sent off to tbe polishers.  One of the most intricate parts  of the bugle is the mouthpiece,  which is made of nickel silver  and turned out on a special lathe.  With the mouthpiece fixed the instrument is ready for the testing  room.  BUCK   THE LINE   HARD  ARMY BUCftES  Fashioned from Sheets of Copper  by an Ingenious Process  From start to finish the making of an army bugle is a process of much ingenuity and interest. A bugle may not at first  sight present a striking resemblance to its cousin, the coach  horn, but one is practically a  curled up version of the other,  for before the bugle is bent into  shape it consists of a narrow tube  fifty-one inches long.  In the first stage of manufacture the bugle is cut out of sheet  copper and rolled into two thin  cylinders, technically known as  the "bell" and the "branch."  The narrow tube, which is the  "bell," is gradually shaped out  on molds until the opening is the  regular four inches in diameter.  It is then "spun" on a wonderful machine, and an expert  workman takes the rough edges  off the .copper.  Both sections are afterward filled -with molten lead preparatory  to the bending stage, and it is  this solid stuffing which prevents  the tube breaking in the process  and allows it to keep its shape.  The expert workman, with the  aid of v a formidable lever and  hammer, bends,the, bugle into the  familiar shape, the lead being  subsequently melted out at a  charcoal furnace, after whieh the  It was on the football field at  one of the large colleges. A big  tackle had been brought over to  the varsity field from one of the  class elevens. It was his first experience with the big team. He  played a fine game until the other  side had the ball. Then he did not  "break through" as he should.  The coach finally stopped the  play and went, over to him.  "What is the trouble? Why  don't you get through?" he  said.- -        ; /  "The man opposite me is not  playing fair. He is holding me,"  said the tackle.  " "If he holds you again I'll put  you off the field!" flashed back  the coach.  Of course, as the tackle said,  it is against the rules to hold an  opponent unless he has the .ball)  but the cpach wanted results and  not excuses. His position was  that a man ought somehow to  break away; that no man must  let himself be held. And that is  true, no one ought to let himself  be held. The excuse may be excellent, but a player who is held  is put out of the game as effectively as if. he were off the field.  The people who are accomplishing things worth while in the  world are those who will not let  themselves be held.. There have  always been things enough to  hold them. They might have  found excellent excuses, bat they  have not had to use any ex-,  cuses.���������Youth'8 Companion.     X  1*L  Every man will get his riffhto ;  when every mpn does his dptieaXX;'  and not before.    -    "*-' -���������-. X VX  '"      '       > .;      V XXXX  .Birds  in  the construction,.of   > >/  .their nests almost without excep- "  tion avoid bright colored-materials, which might possibly ' lead "i  to the discovery of their place,  "of abode by an enemy.  CampMJ-Gardon Co., Uroited  T LIMITED,  Gate Valves, hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters;  ������ead Pipe, Pig Itead, Pipe and  ������i$e Pittiogs.  Railway Track Tools aad Wfcite Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Pbone: Sey. 8942. , 1210 Jgojaer Street  In marketing your standard product, your effort is to bring it to the notice of customers. Do  you ever consider the telephone directory as a medium? By no other means of advertising can so  many people be reached, not once but all the time.  The telephone directory goes into 30,000 homes on  the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. It has  ho waste circulation. It is constantly read. It is  the daily reference book of everybody.  Moreover, its advertisements make a direct ap-o  peal when the telephone is. right at hand to place  an order.  DIRECTORY ADVERTISING REACHES EVERY DESIRABLE CUSTOMER, COMBINING EVERY BUSINESS-  GETTING FEATURE OF SUCCESSFUL PUBLICITY-  CIRCULATION, QUALITY, PERSISTENCY.  Reserve space in the next Directory, which goes to press  November 15th  British Columbia Telephone Co.  LIMITED  1  .si  I  I  1  ��������� '"I  J  I T  4  THE WESTERN  CA^  f , Friday., October 22, 1915.  r  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H.  STEVENS, M. P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  N   $1.50 Outside, Canada.  . Widespread interest has been aroused by the  recent publication entitled "How to finish British Columbia "Wood," which is being circulated  under the direction of the Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of Lands. Numerous requests for copies  are being received, not only from within the  province, but also from the prairie and eastern  provinces, and already it has been found neces-  rsay to issue a second edition. In addition to the  lumber companies, applications are coming in  from architects, builders, house decorators, carpenters, manual instructors in schools, and others interested, in the use of wood. The manner  in which the pamphlet has been received by the  public indicates that the use of .wood for interior  finishes of homes, offices and other buildings is a  subject calling for much attention. Copies of  the publication will be mailed free, so long as  the supply permits, upon ^application to the forest branch, Victoria, British Columbia..  Some interesting matters are touched,upon in  a report recently submitted to the Hon. the  Minister of Lands from the Vernon district. The  summer has been abnormally wet, but the early  spring light snowfall and dry spring n*ade a  bad liazard until the middle of May, when until  the end of July heavy rains safeguarded the situation. With the advent in August of dry weather,- the vegetation^ rapidly becomes parched,  and fires started to give trouble; but these conditions improved as the nights became cooler,  and early .in September rain put an end to all  danger. Seventy-two outbreaks bf fire during the  season, with but slight' loss, are recorded, and  mention is made of the increasing interest shown  by the public in forest protection.    Much ciear-  . ing .was. done by settlers under permijfc, the season proving very -favorable.. 3?he, opinion is expressed that the lumber indnstr^,' in view pf the  conditions, has shown wonderful activity. , Thir-  'teen mills have been running |������tiriy regularly;  those in the Okanagan supplying boxes and  crates for the fruit trader as' a.result of which  employment has been given* and the machinery  kept going. Approximately three hundred men  have been employed at the. mills, and a somewhat  smaller number in,logging operations. Orders  for several million feet of fir for snowsheds on  the Coquihalla Branch of the^Kettle Valley railway have been - given. The whole district has  benefitted) by the .operation of the Kettle Valley  ~railway,-and will do so to a'far-grater extent as  soon' as the, Coquihalla section is connected up  and opened, completion o/. which should be made  by November.  One sweetly solemn thought���������when a youhg  man makes up his mind to enlist and fight for  king and country.  Land taxes, income taxes and stamp .taxes  should be able to produce all the revemies any  country requires. They cover the fairest and  most equitable forms of taxation that can be  derived.  \_  4,  XXaIiLAN  'i_.UU.PB    SUAliXNV*    bybAl   ob.Uu.u    ������.,    _���������������^  GERMANY'S  RISE  AND   FAIL  (Continued from Page One)  Reliable estimates place the Canadian agricultural production this year at a value well over  ���������$���������700,000,000, compared to - $639,000,000,000 last,  year,   and $525,0000,000   average   for  the four  years from 1910 to 1913 inclusive.  Occasionally the canvassers for recruits find a  really acceptable excuse. The story is told that  a London woman tackled an apparently eligible  young man on the street and asked why he wasn't  in uniform. The- answer was a crippled right  arm from wounds in the battle of the Marne,  and the brave lad stated he was only sorry they  wouldn't take "him back for service.  The full report of the murder of Miss Edith  Cavill, the English nurse, which have now come  to light is but another instance of the devilish  brutality of the German. This aet will most  assuredly be remembered when the final day of  reckoning comes. It is now an added incentive  to young Canadians to line up for the mother  country. Young man, this means you. your sister  would suffer the same treatment Avere it not for  the British navy.     Think it over, it is up to you.  many; he scoffed at the poets and artists, sneer-.r  ed at religion, strangled nobility of sentiment, ,  made a mock of purity. -���������  His favourite motto was: Tame Europe and v  crush England.     This was his waking thought  ��������� and .midnight drepm.    Then came William the^3  Half-Witted, a creature diseased in body, a;nd ,  brain���������half an athlete, half a cripple, half a������  genius, half a homicidal maniac-*-a diseased se- ���������  pulcbre^for a soul, a monster spewed from the  dark: ages to  curse the  twentieth century���������a  ' blight upon the garden of the world; and Bis-, *  marck, the master fiend, trained and'tutored1 ���������  him. For a time he did not show hy* hand after  he,came to the throne. Bismarck told lies -T William was a living lie. He professed peace and)  prepared for war on a world that had done him .  no wrong; he was all evil, but he made Germany  great. She bad no navy, he built one, mighty  in every detail. Germany had no mercantile marine of any moment; William subsidized shipping  until her flag was on every highway of the waters of the world. , Germany had no ..overseas  commerce. William sent emissaries {he world  over Sad captured a gigantic volume of trade.  Germany had no docks or canals of any importance. ^William built some of the best on earth.  Germany's flag had carried no weight outside  of Europe, William made it respected- and' feared to the uttermost parts of th eearth. Germany had. only a small gold reserve, William  filled the banks until they were bursting.    He  - trained, armed and equipped a, vast army of  ravishers, murderers and plunderers, and called  them soldiers. He built factories where, no factories ever existed in the Fatherland, he encouraged agriculture to walk hand in hand with  commerce and manufactures. He was a boaster, a liar, and a false friend. He* played with  loaded dice���������even when a guest in friendly countries. He did not know the meaning of loyalty  to bread and salt; the guest-chamber was to him  a place of espionage, his kiss was the kiss of  Judas; he would go to a royal kinsman's death-  chamber and steal from dying lips the secret of  the grave. But he and Germany together mounted to the Alpine i heights of power and prosperity.   Germany became   the colossus   of   the  . world, and might have been its master" ere the  sands ran out, had honesty and righteousness  been the national watchwords instead of trickery and brute force. The whole Germanic life  has been a hideous lie for two generations. They  were within an ace of world-mastery by virtue  of their industry, organization, will power and  brain force���������they have thrown it all to the dogs.  Germany is cursed and it will fall when the  hour ^strikes. The Teutons are, rotten with unrighteousness. They have sown, the wind and  will reap the whirlwind.        ,  God's vinills grind slowly, but they grind exceedingly small.���������From The Truth, printed at  ���������Alexandria, Egypt, issued September 21st.  A ROYAL COMMISSION  We would respectfully ask  every Board of Trade or organized body .of. Canadians in Canada to pass somewhat similar resolution to the following, and  forward a copy to Sir Robert h.  Borden, Premier of Canada, Sir  Wilfrid, JJaurier, Leader of the  Oppositions Sir Geo. $.' Foster,  Minister of Trade and Commerce,  and Alex. G. Baillie, so he can  have them all published in pamphlet form; v.  ���������,lst.���������The*, immediate, appointment of a Royal Commission to  enquire" fully into the present  condition of Canada's coastwise  ^rade, and see if such an investigation will not be the means of  helping to restore Canada to ������.her  Once proud position of fourth  'among the nations of. the world,  instead of, eleventh place as today. We allow it is a serious  menace to Canada and the Empire to further allow the destruction of her merchant marine  which forms such a necessary  link by which the British government maintains her part in the  war.  2nd���������Immediate passing ofv legislation to protect our coasting schooners,'owners,, and seamen in their just rights at the  Coal  Ports  of Nova Scotia, in  ducts carried to the- mother  country, steel shipbuilding to be  established in all seaport, towns.  The disastrous policy, pursued by  the government of Canada, v in  handing our valuable coastwise  trade over to foreigners, and not  projecting our seamen,' shipowners, and granting a subsidy," or  some assistance to steel shipbuilding, has' left us without a valuable body of seamen to recruit  from, forjthe nayy, as well as  i:o "Canadian ships" to carry  our wheat and other products  to Britain, and so form the  "Missiug Link" to carry our  "Bread.Battery" from the wheat  fields of "the"-<west, to our soldiers  on the field of battle.  UNITED   SCOTTISH  SOCIETIES  Even through the stress of war,  there are always Scots of whom it  may be said* as of Big MacPhee:  "Weel, he was aye a cheery  chap." Many such, with wives,  mothers, sisters and sweethearts  will celebrate Hallowe'en in Dominion Hall on the evening of the  29th. A,cheery contingent frOm  land dancing' as exalts Scots to  the very pinnacle of enthusiasm.  Misses Anna and Laura McRae  and Mr. J. M. Ross and a member, of the famous' Nicol ,family  will dance the Reel o' Tulloch.  In the graceful "Seann Truib-  hais," Miss Nettie Nicol wUl be  seen. A very 'clever comedian,  Mr. Billy Menzies, will contribute  character sketches. Mr.'T: Shankie will preside at the piano. Mr.  J. M. Ross will be ^master of  ceremonies. Tbe honorary president, Mr. Wm. Thomson, re-_  cently returned from a half-year  in Scotland and England, will deliver a short address during the  evening.  WAJTJN0 FOB NEWS  A cottage deep in a Uttle glen,  ������ Two old folks by tbe ingle nook  And a tiny patch, of garden gay,  With flowers, beside a little brook,  The song of birds and the heather's  - scent��������� "  Fair, so fair, is tfie world today,  But two old lovers see not its joy;  ^Their youngest born is far away.  with  Mr.  A.  Adams,  provincial  deputy chief of the Sons of Scotland. -  There wTill be a concert,  stead of the long delays at said ��������� refreshments and a soeiai dance.  Their    thoughts    by   day    and^ their  dreams by night,  Their "daily and their nourly prayer,  Are all for him,  who has heard the  New   Westminster will   be overj   And  gone the  8tl<}88 and fight, t0  share���������  And with   him the   light from  heart  ,   and home.  '  Proud?   Ah, yes, they are proud of  coal ports which has resulted in  forcing said vessels and owners  out of business, and with our  seamen seek citizenship under a  foreign flag.  3rd���������The absolute cancellation  of all orders-in-council permitting  Norwegian ships crews, their provisions and outfits, in Canada's  coastwise trade after December  31, 1915, and place them on the  same footing'as the Unite'd States  vessels, that cannot carry freight  or passengers from porfc to port  in Canada.  4th���������A large subsidy, or bonus, to steel ship-building for a  term of years. If such subsidy  were granted nov.r, shipbuilding  could be at once started in tho  Maritime province;;, and the::  vessels of from 10 6 to, I COO ton*.  could be built this, winte: hi thf  ship-yards where Xr'nerX -rood-  en ships were built, and so t���������*:!-<?  advantage of the hpraouse pi-ofX^  foreigners have been reaping  from our. lumber and other pro-  him,  Shankie's orchestra will furnish-  music for both concert and dancing numbers. The popular Aelsian  quartette of vocalists will -sing  the    perennial    favorite,   Annie Now.,ongand drear is the 8Ummer  And, brave old hearts, tbey bade him  . And   checkeB    their - tears,   though  their eyes were dim.  Laurie. Two of their number will  contribute  solos.  By  special re  quest    Mr.   Clelland will    sing,  "Success   to   Bonnie  Scotland,������p������   Pitman   comes   from   the little  *        town���������  the chorus being taken by the  quartette. Miss Nellie Street, in  "The Flowers o' the Forest,"  vill give one of the most lovely  of Scottish songs and a great favorite of the Border folk.  Miss .Jean Mollison has kindly  consented to sine: ths new patriotic song, written for her, whieh  ���������she gave with such spirit and effect at the Arstralians' farewell  in the Imperial theatre. The clear  "^rp.no of' Mips C. M. IMaedon-  rlrl will be heard in Gaelir mel-  0(':f"5. Mr. -r. Lefghlon. violinist,  w-il1. Xay "Bln������ Bells o* -Scotland.'' Pipers i-i brav- philcX-?  -.. iii be there, and Mr. Donald  Maclver will pipe for such High-  niprn,  Till  a speck   appears  on the  dusty  road;    ^  What joy or grief lies  in his load?  Oh,   the   trembling hands that   grasp  the  gate,  Though*    calm      the      voice-*-" What  _ news today?"  '' Nothing  for you;, they  are  fighting'  well,"  And "posty" passes on his way.  ,*��������� >������  They turn   once  more to  their round  of toil  "With   hea-rts   that  rise   in  trustful  prayer,  Por  God.   wl  Keep  Their    lad  care,  "God give   us   grace for  the  waiting  time;  God  keep   us patient,"  they  softly  pray.  "And   cheer their   hearts,"   we,   too,  would say.  wiio   gave   him will   surely  beneath    His    watchful J ,1 .-  <;#x;.  \  xx ,:  Y-yf-.j *���������  ���������*-      * *    _,   ' <  Friday, October 22, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  CORRESPONDENCE  . 8 Co., 2nd Canadian Division'  British Expeditionary Force,  France, Sept. 29, 1915.  Iditor Western Call:  f Dear Sir,���������You will have heard  course, that the second Can-  lian Division is in France, and  the scrap, and the casualty  |sts will have begun to come in.  'No one has any* idea what a'  [erfect hell it is, who has not  [een on the spot.- It is mostly ar-  illery, sometimes lasting for'  jays at a time, then comes the;  Inslaught/ There seems to .be no  lack of munitions now, and where  the Germans used to fire six  shells  to  our  one,  the order' of  i 4 r  things has now reversed, and  rery much so.  Have become quite accustomed to the continual cannonading  i>ut some fellows, who are in tlje  trenches for days at a time be-  some so prostrated that in many  cases they will suffer from the  effects for the remainder of their  iives.  The navvies battalions are a  jreat acquisition here, they being used mainly for repairing  roads, which badly need repair,  |as the amount of traffic over  them is tremendous.  Suppose you have news of the  recent success by the British,  fhich is, really something on a  /ery large scale, considering the  liflficulties under which������ it was  ittained, and the great sacrifices  always necessarily made under  such conditions. /  Our troops have actually to  ight yard by yard these days,  svhich,  of  course tends- to  have  discouraging effect.'  We get the London papers out  lere every day, the day'following publication, when we learn  (what has been done, that is the  lonly way we have of knowing,  |except in our own little area.  It Js a great sight to watch  [the star shells "go up all along  Ithe line for miles at night, light-  ling up the ground,* pnd so enabling our fellows to see working  {parties who are out repairing  | wire entanglements, etc., which  [have been blown away or destroyed by shell fire. Of. course,  it works both ways; and that is  t.  <���������- .w  the time when the machine guns  get busy. The flares are, shot into'the sair and are suspended on  a parachute, which opens, and  floats- in,the air with the light  burning, lasting about 30 seconds.  , There is*a' lot done in 30 seconds sometimes.        "<  Well, I'm" afraid that if I keep  on, I may forget that-there are  things we are forbidden to disclose in letters, and when the  censor gets hold of it, he* may obliterate things that would have  actually been allowed to remain,  besides, we are all on our honor,  otherwise one could write some  very interesting things.  However, when this business is  all over, I expect you will then  get' tired of hearing all the stories people will have to tell.  Hope business in Vancouver is  better than it has been, and that  some of the Vancouver people  are taking advantage of business  which-necessarily is created by a  war.  Suppose there are very few soldiers left in Vancouver now, or,  at least, men of serviceable age.  The west has certainly done marvels in this respect, and when  one sees a division on parade in  England, and remembers the one  before, together with those still  training in Canada, it is really  something to be marvelled at considering the population in men.  The thousands of men, horses,  motor lorries, cars, wagons, guns,  etc., going in all directions all  day and night is a great, eye-  opener.  Should like to hear from1 you  sometime and to know that you  are keeping quite well.  Everyone here is perfectly happy, and where possible, living in  billets when not in trenches.  I remain, ,  Yours very*sincerely,   *.  RICHARD HENRY,  Lieutenant.  Kings in the earliest days were  merely the "fathers of families,"  and the word is derived from the  same source as' "kin."  Selfishness is that detestable  vice which no one will figure in  others and no one is without in  himself.  i  At  Your  Grocer's  Doesn't make any difference to you bread eaters  who first wrapped bread, or how long ago  What you want is GOOD Bread, NOW  ���������and delivered to you fresh ������nd wholesome  ���������and sold low enough in price so that you l'eally save by  purchasing it and do away with all the bother and fuss of  baking at home. V --.��������������������������� "  SMAX and  SUNLIGHT  The BETTER Breads  X --.������������������'- * - - -        ���������  will answer all your requirements of what good bread ought  to be.   Try them today.   ;    , ..".-; ��������� X   -.  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  Bakers of BETTER Bread  Editor Western Call:  Deaf Sir,���������We are having a  wonderful time right along the  line, b.ut our pleasures are, -of  course, considerably marred hy  the depressing situation in the  Dardanelles. Every mail brings  us the sad news of brothers and  other relatives of members of our  party figuring among the dead  and wounded. Our total of 30,-  000, casualties from our small  population is little short of appalling, but is fully carrying out  our promise "to give the empire  the last man if needed."  Yours sincerely,  J. J. SIMONS.  Australian Cadets, Calgary, Alia.  1st Battalion, Royal Dublin  Fusiliers, 86th Brigade, 29th "  .Division,   B.E.M.F.  Editor  Western  Call:  Dear Sir,���������Just a line from the  Dardanelles to tell you and all  good friends how I am getting  along. ' ,  I command a company of the  1st battalion, and hkve just come  out of the trenches with the battalion for a few days' rest; returning again tonight. I am one  of three . remaining officers who  were with the battalion when I  arrived two months ago, ,and although we have been under' constant fire, both shell and riflej  ever since, have only got one jab  from a shrapnel bullet, and a  smack on the foot from-a shell  case that struck the parapet and  afterwards fell down spent in the  fire trench.  We~ have many scraps and some  hot times, but this division is as  "tough as they make 'em," and  game to the backbone. ,  There are quite a number of  people here, who have been in  Canada, and many who will come  out after the war. ,  , The weather,has been hot, but,  'is now changing, and rain may  come on at any Jimp., In winter  snow is said to fall here..  _How,goes it with you-and Vancouver? Well, I hope. I look forward to seeing you all again, and  meeting all good friends  Best wishes to all, in haste.   "  R. D. E. McMAHON,    ,  Captain.  BRITISH COLUMBIA  AND THE MOTOR  (By H. Chaffey)  What good has the motor brought  to British Columbia? Although this  question is often dealt with from  various standpoints, I think that few  people fully realize its significance.  Let us consider, in tf general way,  the most obvious advantages that  British Columbia has derived from  from the motor���������used both for pleasure and -business purposes., To my  mind, there are four outstanding  points, which may be dealt with in  order of importance.  It will be agreed that first in  importance of these advantages is  the advent of good roads. 'Throughout the world, wherever the motor  has come, it has been followed by a  movement for good roads* The motorist will have good roads���������and it  is right that he should, for nothing  can be more1 conducive to progress  and prosperity in any country. In  British Columbia particularly it  will be admitted that such a movement was needed and has brought  wonderful results. The nature of the  country makes the necessity for  well laid out and well built roads  peculiarly felt because so many rich  and beautiful districts are quite  shut in by mountains, and hence inaccessible except by carefully constructed highways. Many of the interior, districts, since the coming of  the motor, have been thus' opened  up by a net work of excellent  roads, and prosperity has been the  result. We have only to loot  at such highways as Kingsway,- the  Marine Drive and the Malahat  Drive, and compare them with the  hopelessly impassable thoroughfares  of a few years ago, to realize the  boon that the motor has been in  these   parts, j *  Good, roads ��������� bring in their train  another blessing���������an influx of tourists.������Tourists, especially motoring  tourists, are of tremendous value to  ���������*���������������  ���������������*���������  mm*  ������*���������!���������  To the 7(  Members of the  Consumers' League  ���������A MESSAGE -ABOUT V>'  Royal Standard Flour  ROYAL STANDARD is milled right, here in Brit- '~  ish Columbia in one of the mont modern, milling ���������  . plants on the North American Continent.     The ,  x wheat used is CANADIAN WHEAJT, the veiy; V.  choicest, the   most 'select,   scientifically   tested '",  wheat  of  Canada's wonderful golden  harvest  The modern methods of milling absolutely prevent dirt, fluff, or lint from entering JIOYAL  STANDARD.   The flour is "tested at the mill -  for baking value," nothing is left to chance.or  guesswork.   A BETTER FLOUR CANNOT BE  MILLED ANYWHERE.     Buy ROYAL STAN<  DARD from your Grocer and keep your'money  at home.     Look for the,circle V trademark.  Vancouver Hilling ft Grain Co., Lid.  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  X\X.  XX  *>     V  ' J'  ���������"- 4 ���������������  .       {  I  k  l  '.,?  ���������X  ..v_ <*  V'X-i  X1,'  THE  MAN  AND THE  JOB  Two  men once ' filled   the   self-same  place,  And one was glum and one was glad,  The man who wore the smiling face  Gave to his work the best he-had.  Although the tasks he had to do  Were deadly dull, he never shirked,  The other "man* the whole day through  **   Forever grumbled while he worked^  A TW3TO3 TO J^NOEfcOT  In a recent article in the Saturday Evening Post on "The Simple Tourist," Irvin S. Cobb, pays  tribute to a certain type pf young  Englishman, commonly called  Lancelot (Lance for short) who  is supposed to be constantly "tagging after rich young American  girls, in the following words:  "Once in so often Britain goes  to war, and then Lancelot offers  the best possible evidence that he  inherited more from his ancestry  than a monacle-eye and a capacity for brandy and soda. Quietly, modestly and unostentatiously  he sets the example for the rest  of his little island by going out  ahd dying like a gentleman; and  by dying so he proves to the  world that, no matter what her  detractors may say, Britain still  plenteously produces that one  crop which, though she lack all  others, yet gives a nation the  right to endure among the nations of earth���������men."  THE MIDDLE SEX  A good story was told recently  by a Montreal visitor which only  now has got into print.  A highland regiment arrived  recently in a part of France  where they had not V before been  seen, and an animated; discussion arose as to who they might  be.     ";"      X:'X. .-*..     r.  1' They are men anyway,'' said  one, "look at the moustaches."  "But, no." said another, "they  are women, look at the skirts."  " Bui I saw an,,annpuncement,  thet other   day,"   said   a   third,  i "that the 5th Middlesex had been  5 sent to the front from England,  and that's who they must be."  This  gives no opportunity ,  Fot clever work of any kjuid.  They've stuck' me here and here 111  stay, .     , - Jf  The heights of glory I shall miss,  Nothing but very meager pay  Will ,1 get from Buch work as this.  He's at'th_' saHtd old job todfay,    '  Tae cheerful "man retained his smity,  He found a neater, quicker way  To do his work in better style.  Said he: "I'll make this Uttle task  So big they'll have to raise my pay  I'll give more labor than tbey ask,  I'll force the boss to look my way.''  I needn 't tell you that he- won,  Of that there isn't any doubt,  But there's a moral���������only one  That I, am going to point  out.  The job will never make the mas  But if with joy his pulses throb,  -And if he does the best he can  The man will always make the job.  ���������Edgar A. Guest.  CANADA  any country. They bring, life to a  place, and they bring money. ^Fhere "There's nothing in this "job," said  are two things that attract a motor 1.      he,  tourist���������good roads, where pleasure! "No.future in this daily grind;  may be got merely .from ^peed, regardless of other attractions, and  beautiful 'scenery, * where pleasure  domes from hunting put natural  beauties. British Columbia presents  a combination of both these attractions. Qood roads she has, although  these jnay always be improved upon j  -heri natural beauty cannot be im-  gro;vedJuJ)on���������it is supreme. Endless  variety':of meadow/forest, stream  and mountain may be seen and appreciated by the enterprising motorist. Space forbids going into detail, but suffice it to say that British1 Columbia as a field for the tourist is,wonderful. Her career in this  line is only just beginning as time  goes on, and road improvements  continue, more and /more tourists  wiljl come, and wealth will pour into" our province. One great step in  this direction will be the completion of the great Canadian Highway.  A third advantage that the motor' has brought, and still brings is  With the automobile as a means of  quick and easy transportation" it-is  possible for the population of the  province td spread out. Cities are  not so restricted and cramped in  their borders. The business man of  to-day, although rushed for time,  finds it to his advantage to live  in the outskirts of his city or town,  and drive to and from his office  in his machine. Thus he can enjoy  the freedom and healthy air of the  country, combined with the advantages of the city. .The cities derive  their benefit from this state of affairs, in that they are consequently  not overcrowded, and have good  open roads leading to the suburbs.  Fourth, we have the advantage  to the farmer. Now the farmer in  this province is becoming more and  more important, as we begin to  realize the absolute necessity of  raising sufficient food sjtuffs to supply the local demand. Until very recently the British Columbia farmer  was almost like the pioneer of old.  He had his little clearing and with  difficulty he kept himself and his  family alive and reasonably comfortable. Although there was a market for his produce, modes of transportation were either lacking or so  expensive as to' render shipping of  goods unprofitable. Thus he lived  almost isolated. Now it is possible  for the farmer to own his car and  bring his produce to town���������and it  certainly pays him to do so.. He  can enjoy his share of town life  and civilization, and his money  comes in faster than ever before. :  Taking , all things into consideration, it is evident that motoring is  one of the greatest causes of the  progress of British Columbia. And  it must be remembered that this is  only the beginning. As the motoring industry increases, these other  things, will keep step with it, and  we may look forward to splendid  industrial prosperity in the future.  ���������   " /*'- x  On October 4th the G. T,>P.vv������  I'lf'  .������.',  ;f|  inaugurated the through, tnpail1:  seryice between_Winnipeg ;��������� and',  Calgary, via Camrose./ &/ ' /k^s ^x;X  Twelve members bf tne Beth- xx Xu  bridge post office staff, are;serv- iX;--_  ing *witli the qplors.     \   J ,;       , ["y  The women of Norway*, exercis-r ���������; $  ed the franchise for< the\ e'x^A^ *^ -  time on Thanksgiving Day.',h^!JK;������ -\  .The" Toronto   Branch 01^^/'//^^  Canadian .Red Croas^Socie^"^^/.^^^  contributed. over ,<M^^%-t������illii7^^/^l  headquarters, exclusive oiuiUtWh.    X, ^*r  ials and supplies.      ,     ^,^'>lV^X.;xr,r^  - Although she has just c^b^tt- A  ed her'100th birthday/it^^ewfe-.  mbafti^ jg Bedford, Eng., bw JnnVf  ted a number of pai*ret;\ofVsci^ig,  ���������fori soldiers.,.      ,        ,   t    ������������������;..<.  X  Scottish shipbuilders launched -  during .August II mercantile ves^  sels of 17,028 tonnage. Of these,  four^of 16,665 tons were built<on  the Clyde.  This is tbe land of the rugged north;  these wide,  Life-yielding     fields,      these     inland  oceans; these  Vast    rivers    moving   seaward    their  wide floods,      v."  Majestic   music;  these   sky   bounded  plains  And heaven-topping mountains;   these  -iron shore*,  Facing toward either ocean; fit home,  alone *  For the indomitable and nobly strong.  ���������Wilfred  Campbell.  Ottawa CanaOa >  ?������!*<������*.*-* OUT****  Barrister* and Solicitors  Clive Pringle.   '      N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, pepartment*]  Ageffc, Board of Bailway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of .the  - Bar of British Columbia.  jOitSssn BuUding. Ottawa  ^l*lwwrif  -i An office is a place where women do what men want done. A  home is a place where men do,  what women want done.  Italics are letters formed after  the Roman model, but sloping toward the right, used to emphasize words or sentences. They  were first used about 1500 A. D.  by Manutius, a Venetian printer,,  who dedicated them to the Italian  states; hence the name.  *- The Panama Canal has been  declared closed until the first of  the year.  Great honors have been bestowed upon James Whitcomb Riley,  the Hoosier poet, by his native  state, Indiana.  An order in council has removed the restrictions upon export  of potatoes from Canada to the  United States.  Two hundred women are being trained k^Liverpool to/take  *tlie plaice of postmen. *  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  X&l  X  Xi  The Dow Fraser .Trust Co. of-  fers a snecialservice to individual  trustees who would appreciate  the advantage of having the clerical and routine administration  of their trusts carried on by an  expert organization at reasonable charges.      x  Enquiry and interview solicited.  :.'��������� si  :l  '"J  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay  Station, Burnaby  '-^"���������J Ii* -*>*-* ���������-  IX,, f,'.  "r  InvV    ^  ��������� -,<'*  ������  Ii*1 '���������-  >* C>   -  *���������  1*7 * *��������� *  _ v<^  ��������� ~-  1 Vi    %    -.'  5  11 \'*4 1  a-  ,.<          <j  ; '  .--4  ...v     "  -  -���������x'  j  -.f         '  A  \      t  ,  i -         -      '  X".  .."i c'  * A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a hig;h price by sudh  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this, paper.  &  X  vlx.'  1 Saturday, October 23  Within the sea-washed meadow  The. wild  grape  climbs the  wall,  And  from  the   o'er-ripe  chestnuts  The  brown burs   softly   fall.  ���������Mary   Clemmer.  Breakfast���������Oranges. Bacon. Pried Cereal.  Dry Toast. Coffee. *  Dinner���������Tapioca Soup. Baked Hamburg  Steak. Rice with Green Peppers. Mashed  Squash. Apple and Nut Salad. Fruit Chocolate  Pudding.    Coffee. , -   ;  Supper���������Baked Beans. Steamed Brown  Bread. Green Tomato Pickles., Soft Sugar Cookies.   Tea.  Fruit Chocolate Pudding  Mix thoroughly two-thirds of a cupful of  sugar, five level tablespoonfuls of corn starch  and one-third of a teaspoonful of salt; add one-  half cupful of cold milk, then pour the mixture  ,intp two cupfuls of hot milk and cook fifteen  minutes in a double boiler stirring constantly.  Add one cupful of seeded raisins cut in halves,  .one-half cupful of blanched and shredded al-  ' monds and two ounces of chocolate melted and  diluted with four tablespoonfuls of hot water,  and cook five minutes longer. Flavor with one  and one-half teaspoonfuls of vanilla, turn into  a wet mold, chill and serve with cream either  plain, or whipped.  \���������y Sunday, October 24  "When winds strip branches and the  frailer flowers Ho low,  XGh,rysai-t*$emums  right bravely in the       i  "  ���������*' "waste  place   blow. "*  Gold,''white, mauve, v rose  and crimson��������� ,"*���������  what *a gorgeous train ^ .  Gladden the autumn sunshine and  J\ , -  autumn,rain."  i   .- \.     -v j-  j1 * Breakfast���������-Pears.. Cereal with Cream. Ba-  '. ",c'on' Omelet.- Popovers. Coffee.,  -"' -, Dinner���������Bouillon. Roasted Pigeons. Mashed  I'? Pqtataes. Brussels Sprouts. Stuffed Tomato Sal-,  , ���������" ad. Toasted Crackers.,'Cider Ice. Small Cakes.  >, ^Coffee. '  X 'IfUhoh���������Apple, Nut and Date Salad. Hot Bis-.  , cuits." Honey. Pound Cake. Tea. /  X:/^l,/;vX\ Oideqr Ice  '' . Dissolve  one  and  three-fourths   cupfuls of  granulated sugar in one quart of cider. Add one  - f cupful df orange juice and one-quarter of a cup-  ;, ful of lemon juice, turn intb the freezer,, pack  in salt and ice, freeze in the usual manner and  '   Jet stand two or more hours to ripen.  Monday, Octotw 25  S r*    J "He wbo is so thoroughly committed'to bis pur-  rpose-that nothing can discourage him will' be unaware  ot many of the obstacles which those of loose resolves  'and indefinite ' aims  are constantly  seeing  and   which  seem  to 'them insuperable."  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. French Toast.  'Pineapple Marmalade. Coffee.,  Pinner���������Vegetable Soup. Roast Pork. Fried  Apples. Sweet Potatoes. Boiled Onions. Cottage  , Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Egg Souffle. Celery. Rye Bread. Cot- \  tage Cheese. Wafers. Tea.  Egg Souffle  Beat the yolks of six eggs with one teaspoon-  xful of-corn-starch, one-half teaspoonful of salt  and a few grains of pepper; add one cupful of  scalded milk and cook and stir over boiling water until of the consistency of cream. Remove  . from the - fire, fold in the stiffly beaten whites,  Jtnrn into a buttered pan and bake to a golden  brown.   Serve  immediately.  Supper���������Cold Pork. Curried Vegetables. Pickled Prunes. Molasses Cake. Tea.  Baked Fillets of Beef Tongue  Boil a large beef tongue one hour in salted  water, then cut in pieces suitable for serving.  Place in a baking pan, add one tablespoonful  each of chopped carrot, turnip, onion, celery  and parsley, pour in one cupful of. the water in  which the tongue was boiled, cover and bake  slowly for about two hours, basting frequently, then remove the cover, bake until brown and  transfer to a heated dish, Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter, .blend'in three tablespoonfuls of. our, add slowly one cupful of strained liquor from the pan and one cupful of strained tomatoes, stir and cook until smooth and thick,  then pour the sauce over the meat and, serve.  Wednesday, October 27  The circle of the year is  almost done;  The days have been too gladding swift to run  From springtime back to autumn, too quick to crown  The sower's faith  with  harvest. Come! A dance!  A   giddy,   whirling   dance,   before   the frost steals  down. i  ���������Cary F. Jacob.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Marmalade. Minced  Tongue. Toasted Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear Soup. Roast Beef. Potatoes  Baked in Gravy. Cauliower with Parmesan  Sauce.'  Radishes. Brown Betty. Coffee.  Supper-^-Sardine and Rice Cakes, bressed  Lettuce. Baking Powder Biscuits. Sliced Oranges.  Tea. '    ,.  Sardine and Rice Cakes  Drain the oil from a can of sardines and remove the skin and bones. Mix the prepared fish  with two cupfuls of cold boiled rice, season with  pepper, salt and lemon juice, shape into flat  cakes and fry a delicate brown.  , Tuesday, October 26th  Ijabor, the symbol  of man's punishment;  Labor, the secret of man's happiness. ���������  ���������James Montgomery.  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Kippered Herring.  Lyonnaise Potatoes.     Oatmeal Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Mulligataway Soup. Baked Fillets  of Beef Tongue. Mashed Potatoes. Spinach.  Baked Indian Pudding. Coffee.  Thursday, October 28th  Finish every day and be- done with it.   You have  done what you could.   Some - blunders  and absurdities,  no doubt, crept in; forget them as soon as you can.  .  ���������Balph Waldo Emerson.  Breakfast���������Pears. Crisped Bacon. Fried Egg-  Plant. Popovers. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cauliower Soup. Cold Roast Beef.  "Indian Chutney Sauce. Baked Hominy. String  Beans. Pineapple Bavarian Cream. Coffee.  Supper���������Asparagus Tips on Toast. Fruit Sal:  lid. Wheat, Crackers.    Tea.  Indian Chutney, Sauce  Put five pounds of-peeled and sliced apples  and one pound of peeled and sliced onions in a  preserving kettle, add one pint of cider vinegar  and simmer until tender, then add one pound of  seeded and chopped raisins, ten ounces of  brown sugary two ounces of mustard seedt two  ounces of salt, one ounce of curry powder and  one-quarter of an ounce of cayenne pepper. Boil  half an hour, stirring occasionally, bottle and  seal.  Friday, October 20th  A trouble either can be remedied, or it cannot. If  it can be, then set about it; if it cannot be, dismiss it  from consciousness, or bear it so bravely that it may  become  transfigured  to  a  blessing. .  ������������������Lilian   Whiting.  Breakfasts-Grapes. Cereal with Cream.  Beef and Potato Mince. Hot Buns. Coffee.  .Dinner���������Tomato-Soup.-Baked-Fish. -Mashed  Sweet Potatoes. Fried Parsnips. Cucumbers with  French Dressing. Cranberry and Raisin Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Oyster and sTripe Ragout. Celery.  Rye Bread. Baked Quinces. Tea.  Oyster and Tripe Ragout  Pick over one pint of oysters, add one cupful of parboiled fresh honeycomb tripe cut in  small pieces and two sliced boiled onions. Melt  one-quarter of a cupful of butter, blend in an  equal quantity of flour, add slowly one-half cupful of milk and stir and cook until thick. Add  the oyster mixture, season with pepper and salt,  cook until the edges of the oysters begin to  ruffle, then add the beaten yolks of two eggs and  cook one minute longer. Serve on squares of  toasted bread.  JINGLE POT  "LASTS LONGER"  Let us put in your winter's supply.  Xiiimp  Jpo.ou  Nut  ��������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������  . 5.50  Lower Than Ever Before  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company)  Sey. 5408-5409  Tennyson once told Sir Henry  Taylor, that he thanked with his  whole heart and soul that he knew  nothing and that the world knew  nothing of Shakespeare but his  writings, and that ��������� he knew nothing of Jane Austen and that  there were no letters preserved  either of Shakespeare or of Jane  Austen; that they, in fact, had  not been " ripped open like pigs/'  Blazing the Trail  From Vancouver to San Diego  California  Explanation  of  Signs  Right Turn  L  Left Turn  Straight Ahead  Garage  Hotel  While Halley's comet has been  identified' as a member of our  system for over 2,000 years, certain characteristics of its orbit  lead us to believe that ��������� it has  been with us at least ten or a  hundred times as long as that.  According to all accounts, it was  a magnificent object at the time  of the Norman conquest in 1066.  Its head was equal to the full  moon in size, and its. tail increas-  ������ ed to a wonderful length.  Several inquiries have been made  respecting certain marks painted on  telephone and electric light poles  through the main streets of the  city of Vancouver, continuing along  Kingsway through New Westminster and right through to San Diego,  California, which has just been completed by the . Automobile Trail  Blazing Association of America.  These signs are painted in . two  colors, black and white, and will  henceforth be known as the Black  and White Trail.  To give a short history of this  association and its objects it is only  necessary to go back a few years.  The idea originated with Mr.  Meiggs, the President of the Association, who was one of a party  contemplating a trip by automobile  from Minneapolis to Winnipeg. No  one had been over the road previously, and it was arranged that Mr.  Meiggs make the preliminary trip  and compile a route map. Leaving  the former city early one morning,  careful note was taken by speedometer readings of the turns, and a  rough guide was prepared, V and  forwarded to the party who were to  make the trip. When it came to^fol-  low this guide it was found that  the speedometer readings did not  agree, consequently 'wrong turns  were taken, with the result that the  party got off the road they should  have followed and were lost for  some hours.  The idea occurred to Mr. Meiggs  that as the usual way. to make  journeys in times not so very long  ago was by following a blazed trail,  why not follow the same method,  and paint a trail which any one  could follow. As an experiment he  started on his own initiative to carry out this idea, and his first methods were by fixing marks along  the route to be followed. This was  not found satisfactory, owing to  same being removed, so permission  was obtained to paint the signs on  telegraph poles along road routes,  and any poles which lent themselves to the purpose through cities.  The- result- has been-that at^ the  present time several trails have been  conspicuously marked along the  principal highways of America.  Six signs only are in use. A guide  is published of each separate, trail, giving particulars  of all cities en route,  distance to following. city or town,  population, speed limit, traffic regulations, filling station, places of  interest, clubs, side trips, and industrial concerns, with a map of the  whole route, which can be obtained  from the association upon application. To make an extended tour it is  only necessary to know what particular colour to follow. The signs  are painted on poles or trees along  the route so closely together that  it is impossible to get off the road,  and are painted so conspicuous  that they are easily followed at  night. It is now possible to tour  from Vancouver to San Diego by  following the Black and White sign,  or to New York city by following  the Black and White trail to Seattle and the Red Trail to New York.  Mr. Meiggs met the executive of  the club' whilst in Vancouver, and  obtained the support of theXVan-  couver Automobile Club in introducing his system into British Columbia, in return for which he has  promised to mark with his association's signs / any routes considered  necessary by it., He has thereby  promised to have his service car  and crew mark the road to Chiliiwack in'the spring of next year.  RICHARD FORD,   v  A real salesman is one part talk  and nine parts judgment and he  uses the nine parts ..of judgment to  tell when to use the one part of  talk.  Friday, October 22; 1915.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing sighs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to de-  tect the slightest indi-  cation of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring tjus to y|urcustomers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES j  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY ������-\<  W*  "TV?  v ���������        s    i    ������        1-  1 ,\ -t,    .     4      >������"        't >  '������^j,   j-4       4 / >   i  <���������    .;V/   >,-X.i  * *���������  X.'V X  >J; ti.'X'  Friday, October 22,1915.  SPORTING COMMENT  It wm a feeling of relief to the  iockey fans when the announce-  lent  was made this  week that  ���������'red Taylor/had signed up with  Vancouver again.     The    rumor  fcrom Ottawa regarding ( Taylor's  transfer to the capital is without  loubt just what the Ottawa fans  [would like, for Fred was the pop-  llar player there, but the Van-  souver fans have grown to think  la great deal of Taylor. We know  [very little of the, private life of  I other players outside of the Patricks themselves, and Taylor, but  the public knows that they are  I all clean sports and clean in their  private life. Fred is greatly esteemed  in   the   social ranks  in  which he moves, and his presence  among the youth of   Vancouver  at the Y. M. C. A. is a power  ���������for good.     It would be- a good  thing   for   sport if   there   were  more Taylors in the game.  ���������   ���������   ���������  'Ran McDonald has signed on  with Victoria for the season. It  is a good thing for McDonald to  have thrown in his lot with Lester Patrick. McDonald is one of  the best players on the coast, but  he needs that friendly and fatherly tutoring which Lester Patrick undoubtedly will give him  before he hits the top run of the  hockey ladder.  Peter Muldoon will control the  Metropolitans of Seattle this winter. Muldoon has learned much  about the gamfe since he took a  hand in coast hockey, and with a  liberal application of common  sense should make a really worth  while manager of the new team.  He has one of the chances of his  young life to make good, and his  friends in Vancouver will' wish  him good lucki  ��������� ���������   .   ���������  Lloyd Cook has announced his  intention of joining the locals  again, and it is likely that Patrick will have all of last year's  team in line when the date rolls  around   for showing   up.      The  Ceperl  ESTABLISHED 1886  ey, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government, Municipal 'and Corporation Bonds' (Canadian),  yielding from  5 per cent, to 7 per cent.  Rents and Mortgage Interests collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision.  Insurance���������Fire, Life, Accident, Marine, Automobile, Employers'   Liability.  MS Hastings St We*  Molson's Bank Building.  ex-  have  v  BANBURY'S  For  LUMBJ^-SASH-POOfcS  WQOP&COAL.  Phone: 3ayview 1075  Phones: tfortfe Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2132.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, ITP.  ENGINEERS ana smPBTJJUDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Pocked" Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, 3. 0.  champions of the world should  have a great season with-Lehman, Cook, Griffis, Taylor, Mackay, Nighbor and Mallen, with  Seaborn as spare.  */ * *  Vancouver fans no doubt would  have been glad to see Stanley  signed up with the locals, as his  presence in the cup games created a strong following for him.  In" the interests of the game,  however, it is better that he be  the nucleus of the Seattle forward  line, and he will line up with the  Sound City team.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Will Newsy Lalonde be seen on  the' coast this yearf Some of  those who claim to be on the inside are inclined to believe he  will line up with one of the coast  teams. As yet Lalonde belongs to  Vancouver, the release money  having never come from the Canadians of Montreal, and from  present indications there is trou-  'ble brewing for the eastern magnates. With one or two  ceptions the eastern men  failed to live up to the terms of  the peace agreement in the professional leagues, and unless they  experience a right-about-face in  their attitude towards their own  signatures, there will be something doing. The coast league  most assuredly holds the whip  handle (as well as the cup) in  Canadian hockey, and (they can  atford to dictate. Since the Patricks opened up hockey here they  have played clean both in the  committee room and on the ice,  and are ready to abide ~ by the  rules at Till times. On the other  hand they will not tolerate slippery evasive tricks by/the moguls of Montreal and Toronto, and  in this they' will have the support  of hockey lovers everywhere in  Canada. i  ���������   ���������   ���������  t  ' The Portland Rosebuds will  report this week for the hockey  season. It is the intention of Manager Savage to have his. players  in first class trim for the opening of the season, and with this  end in view, practice will start  early next week. It is reported  that Ernie Johnson and Harris  are somewhat slow in signing up  for the coming season' on account  of  the cut  made in their  "N.  salaries, but there is not likely to  be, any trouble over this matter, as common sense ought to  tell the players that money is  very scarce for sport just now.  Anyhow half a loaf is much better than no bread. -    ~  r  Kerr will not likely be seen  on the Victoria lineup, if rumors  prove true. Newspaper gossip  says he is well fixed in a posi  tion in Calgary, and is loath to  pull up for an uncertainty in the  capital. Poulin is in the same  class. These newspaper yarns are  good campaign talk, but there is  little doubt that Manager Patrick  can have them all if he but wishes. It is just possible that a  number of the familiar faces oh  the Victoria team will be missing  for the simple reason that they  have seen better days, and the  young fellows who are coming up  strong, will get a chance. -  ******  Dunderdale will likely play  with Portland this season if he  comes to the coast at all. He had  rather a bad year last season, and  his work was by no means up  to the mark of the previous  season. Dunderdale, going good,  is a tower of strength to any  team, and he will be missed by  Victoria if the manager sees fit  to trade him.  HYPNOTIC POWER  IN ANIMALS  LAUD ACT  /���������  ,  Vancouver Land Distriet, District of  ' Coast, Bang* L  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes L.  Clark, of "Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Beserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence SO chains ��������� west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to Indian Beserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated July 24th, ,1915. .  AGNES L.  CLABK,  B. O. Clark, Agent.  should then be regarded as a mineral beverage rather than a good  drinking material. The importance of water can be well realized when we consider that the  very elasticity of our' muscles,  cartilages and tendons is due to  the amount of water that these  tissues   contain.���������Pearson's.  i'Jif  SYNOPSIS   OP   OOAXi  *    BBdULATIOira  v *  An interesting instance of the  hypnotic , power possessed by a  good many animals is given by a  correspondent of the Glasgow  Herald. One morning outside Elgin a blackbird was observed ito  be standing by' the roadside, paying no heed to the footsteps of  the passerby. It was gazing fixedly at four young/weasels under  the hedge, which were approach  ing in a semicircle, apparently  to surround it. Just then a warning cry was heard from behind,  uttered presumably by the parent  weasel, and the young ones disappeared in the hedge. The bird  still remained powerless and immovable, and only after repeated  urging did it fly to a tree near  by, when it gave forth a weak,  frightened sound, as though still  under the influence of the'terror  which had arrested its faculties  RECKLESS EATING  WATER ANP PUKE   WATER  Pure water is nothing more or  less than a chemical curiosity.  Even when distilled it cannot  rightly be considered perfectly  pure. Mineral matter is the most  common foreign substance found  in "Adam's ale." This is largely owing to the fact that all water passes through rock and soil  at some time or other. In moderate quantities these mineral  salts are quite desirable, as they  are particularly needed for our  bones and muscles. When water is  distilled'' these mineral-substances  become detached; hence distilled water is useless for drinking.  But if more than a hundred  grains of such salts as magnesium, or sodium, sulphate are  contained in a gallon of water it  &A:  r??-A <t?������,V������.  X'C.-X-XX  AkM/kSk  _>-vJ���������.;.~  '.^ XXx'X  ���������Vife-ttT-  ���������*^-"E_J  '���������������*3&?ZC'������'������Si.  Dietitians commenting on mod  ern recklessness in eating quote  the remarks of Seneca, the Ro  man philosopher; "Man does not  die-Vhe kills himself." Originally  made to live 1,000 yeads, man has  fallen to an average of only one-  third of a century. It has taken  6,000 years, the authorities tell  us, to develop a race that will  live, by hook or by crook, as long  as thirty-three years, which is given as the present day average.  The  blame is placed upon  our  disregard of plain honesty in living.    We* scorn everything natural and surrender to artificial  gratifications and indulgence that  tend to ruin the natural health of  the body. Onr discretion cannoj  be   trusted  to do, the   common  sense obvious thing. It is pointed  out that animals live longer on  natural food than on man's mix  ture. A sick horse turned out to  pasture will get well, and if fed  on bran, oats and other food pre  scribed  by man  he dies.  ' Coal* mining rights' of the Domin-. >.  on,  in  Manitoba,  Saskatchewan  and  Alberts,   the   Yukon   Territory,   the  North-west Territories and in a ,por- V  tion of the province ef British Columbia, may be leased for a ten*, of  twenty-one years' at an annual rental  of $1 an sere. . Not more than 2������M '  acres will be "leased to one appHfaai. '.  Application   t&  %  lease   mast  be ,  made by the applicant in person to -  the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the ,dfat������  triet in whieh the righto applied tot.  are situated.-      ' \ ,-"  ' In surveyed territory the land must  be   described   by   seetiens,   or   lefal.  sub-divisions of seetions, and ia ���������������*'���������.-  surveyed   territory  the traet  appllad-  for shall be staked out by the appli- ,  cant himself. ���������  Bach application most be aeeompeai-v.  ed by a fee of #5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are'  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the mer*  ehantable output of the mine at the  rate of Ave cents per ton.  The person operating the .mine shall  furnish tbe Agent with sworn retime  accounting for the full quantity, of  merchantable eeal, mined aad pay the  royalty thereon. If the eoal miaiag  rights are not being operated, sueh returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include th* eoal mining rights only, but the lessee may be *  permitted to purchase whatever available surfaee rights mar be considered  necessary for the working ef 'the mine  at the rate of ��������� $10.00 an acre.    ���������   >' ;  For    full    information    application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot- .  the Department Nof the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  / '   W. W. COBT,  Deputy Minister of the Interior. ���������  NA.���������Unauthorized   publieatioa * of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������S8782.    '        -  J.i  ���������V   ���������>",.  ���������<->;  NAVIGABLE    WATEBS'  TION ACT  PBOT9C-  \?������  DISCOVERY   AT   *A$T?  A discovery of undoubted importance in connection with the  future development of agriculture in western Canada has just  been made by officials of the  Commission of Conservation.  Dean Adams, chairman of the  committee, of minerals for the  Commission, and W. J. Dick, the  Commissioners' mining engineer, who have returned from the  west, report that deposits of  phosphate of lime occur in the  Banff National Park, in the  Rocky mountains.  The importance of this discovery may be more fully recognized from the fact that phosphoric acid is one of the chief  plant foods, and it is removed  from the soil, especially in the  production of cereal crops, such  as wheat, etc. If fertility of the  land is to be maintained it is necessary to replace it by some form  of fertilizer:  Notice ib hereby given that the Van- ;  couver   Harbour Commissioners   have'  deposited with the Minister of Pubtte  Works for the Dominion of Canada, as -  required by  Section 7,  Chapter' 115,  of the Bevised Statutes of Canada, descriptions of the site and plans of a  Causeway to be constructed in False.  Creek; Vancouver,  B.   C, as  an  approach  to the Granville Street ^ Mud  Flats, and that duplicates of said plans ,-  and, descriptions nave been., deposited v  with  the "Registrar of, Deeds it thtX  LandBegistry Office, Vancouver, B. .0.. *  And take notice that at the expira- ���������  tion of one month from the date here- '  of the Vancouver Barbour Commissioners will apply to the Governor-in-Coun-  cil of the Dominion of Canada for  approval of Baid plans and for permission to build and construct said causeway.  The description by metes and bounds  of the site of the said causeway is as ���������  follows:  AH and singular that certain pares!  or tract of land or. bed of the sea*  situate in False Creek and lying in  front of Granville Street in the City  of Vancouver, British Columbia, and .  which may be more particularly de- ,  scribed as follows: _ -   -.  Commencing at the intersection, of  the southeasterly side -of 'Granville  Street, in District Lot 526, Group 1,  New Westminster District," with the  high water mark of ' False , Creek,  thence N. 43 degrees, 15 min. B., and  along the side of Granville Street produced Three Hundred and Ninety-Five  (395) feet, more or less, to intersect  the boundary of the foreshore .parcel-  granted to the Vancouver^Ha^bOUr '  Commission on April 13th, 19l5, thence  N. 27 degrees 16 min. W., and along  theboundary of the said parcel'grant-���������  ed to the Vancouver Harbour Commission Eighty-four and Eighty-Six One  Hundredths (84.86) feet, thence S. 43  degrees 15 min. W., and along the  Northwesterly side of Granville Street  produced Three Hundred and Ninety  (390) feet more "or less, to the high  water mark of False Creek, thence  following tllong the high water mark  of False Creek south-easterly to the  point of commencement and containing.  Seventy-Two One Hundredths (0:72)  acres, be the same more or less, and  which- is sh'Gw'n on. one of- the plans  above' referred to. :  ��������� Dated-at Vancouver, B. C, this 4th  day-of October, A. D., 1915.  W.   D.   HARVIE,  Secretary.-:  v"i>,  *&_  X-v  -t  I > 7'  ON   BATS"   clears   oat  etc.   Don't   die   in   the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  "BOUGH  rats,   mice,  MARINE DBIVE, ONE OF BBITISH COLUMBIA'S SCENIC BOADWATS  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN GALL  i  -a  ���������.   -. l |i~jVU I, 'I '  ��������������� V'-'L"  -.....-    ._.,.  ���������.   JMn^HMi  iwlfc.   FKP.VM.1    Wl   .  .4^/.J������'4'**~.*1t~V.IMuL/ta.J  IX&*  l"?x  THE WESTERN  CALL  7?  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  X  "r  I  /*  y  CHOIR EECITAL  Mount Pleasant people and their  friends  are  asked to  remember  4 the choir recital by the choir of  Mount    Pleasant     Presbyterian  church, to be held" in said church  on Thursday evening next, at 8  o'clock.     This  choral  organization is too well known to need  any introduction, and its capabilities on past performances  have  won a host of friends.    Mr. L. B.  Bridgman, the well known conductor, has prepared an  exceptionally   select sacred .program,  and the choir will beassited by  Miss McCraney, the well known  Vancouver violinist.      Miss McCraney  is an   entertainment   in  herself.     The elocutionary numbers will be .given by Mrs. James  ��������� McNeill, a member of the choir.  The   choral  numbers and   unaccompanied work will be taken by  1 members of the choir, and the  public is sure of "a treat. No ad-  mision is being made, a collection  Nbeing taken at the door, 25 per  cent,  of which will  go  to  Red Cross fund.  of the most eminent Irishmen in  British Columbia, and it was moved that a letter of condolence be  sent to his widow. The next  meeting will take place on the  28th inst.  WEDDING BELLS  IRISH ASSOCIATION MEETS  \  \  ->9  VX"  "The bi-monthly meeting of the  Irish Asociation of British Columbia was held on the 14th inst at  the Eagle's hall, Homer street,  Mr. A. F. R. Mcintosh, president,  in the chair.  After the routine business had  been transacted, an interesting  address on-the ancient history of  Ireland was delivered by^Profes-  sor Odium, and the Association  accorded their thanks in the us-  ual manner fbr his instructive address. At no late date it is the  intention of Prof. Odium to .give  further addresses on the .subject.  Rev. Ai E.t Mitchell then addressed the' meeting and signified his intention of addressing  ( the -Association on the 9th day of  December next. Dr. Dunlop and  several other members'also  ad-  sdjWBaed the meeting.  .^Reference, was made to the  demise of *Mv. Lambert Bond, one  Chambers���������Ruthven  A quiet wedding took place on  Wednesday evening, Oct. 20th, at  8 o'clock in the Hudson Hotel,  Seymour street, Vancouver, when  Mr. Frank E._Chambers, late,of  Ridgetown, Ont., now of Vancouver, was * married to Miss Jane  Spiers Duncan Ruthven, late of  Ayr,- Scotland. The officiating  minister was Rev. R.- J. Wilson,  of St. Andrew's church. Mr.  Fred'Owens acted as groomsman,  while Miss Guthrie was the  bridesmaid.    ,  The bride wore a navy tailored  suit with Alice blue plush hat,  trimmed with swansdown. As  the bride entered the ladies' lob-  thaj.by, which had been prepared  with decorations of chrysanthemums and ivy, leaning onr'the  arm of Mr. James Napier, of Ayr,  Scotland, the bridal party took  their places to the strains of Men-  dlessohn's wedding march, which  was played by Mrs. Page. Following the ceremony, the company  repaired to the supper room,  where a long table decked in  white chrysanthemums* and ivy  had "been prepared, with the  bride's cake occupying a prominent position. The health of  the young married couple was  proposed by Mr. Currie,,to w,hich  Mr. Owens suitably replied, after  which) a very,happy musical evening was enjoyed.  . Among the guests were, Mr.  and Mrs. James Napier, Mr. and  Mrs. Pentecost, Mrs. White, Mr.  and Mrs. Edie, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Currie/Mr. and Mrs. Magee,  Mrs. \Bella Mercer, of Ayr, Scot-  /^  jra. _i ur ifflcrftan  "     t  1  I  o  -              >  *\                           '                                                      ���������  t                                                                                  1  . Friday, October 22, 1915.  CHURCH SERVICES  Jt^has been said that nowhere  in Vancouver are the Sunday services better attended than in Mt.  Pleasant, and we believe that is  true. The religious conscience of  the world is thoroughly awake  at the present time, and seekers  after truth are to be found in  large numbers frequenting the  churches throughout the land. We  believe that nowhere does the  gospel message, receive a better  hearing than in the churches of  Mount Pleasant. The winter evenings are upon us now. The churches extend an invitation to all to  come to their services. The services for Sunday next are as follows:  St. Paul's Presbyterian���������Rev.  R. G. McBcth will preach at both  services. The morning address  will centre on the subject, "With  Christ by Galilee." The evening  subject, "Power in the Past."  Ruth Morton Memorial Baptist Crurch', cor. 27th and Prince  Albert���������The pastor, Rev. J. ,W.  Litch, will have charge of the  anniversary services. Subjects: a.  m., "A NHouse of Mercy," and  p.m., "The Power of the Good  and Pleasant." Good music at  both services.  Mt. Pleasant^ Methodist���������Rev.  Dr. Sipprell, Pastor, at both services. Subject in the morning,  "The War and the End of the  World"; 7.30 p.m., "The Path of  Glory."  Mt. Pleasant Baptist���������Rev. A.  F. Baker, pastor, will preach.,  Morning subject, "The Sin 'of  Pilate"; evening subject, "Adversity Better Than Prosperity."  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ���������  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, pastor. The  morning subject, "Our Obligation as Church Members"; evening subject, "Democracy and the  CaU of the Church." .     .  -* Salvation Army, cor. Quebec  and 7th avenue. * Special evangelistic services at 11 a.m., 3.00  p.m., and 7.30 p.m., conducted by  Staff Captain and Mrs. Smith,  chancellors of the Pacific Division. Mt. Pleasant S. A. Band in  LAW VIOLATORS  land, and Mr.  and Mrs. Smith  After a short honeymoon Mr. and [attendance. Strangers welcome  Mrs.   Chambers will   return   to  take up their residence at 2014  Scotia street.  v *>*.  ^MSTRONG, MOWUSON & CO.  X       . I4WTEP   Public Works Contractors  Bead Office, 81045 Bower BuiWing  Seymour 1836  VANOOUVUB CJUMPA  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  AU kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1564  The drawing for the luncheon  cloth donated' by Mrs. Williani-  son to the Silver-Cross Circle of  King's Daughters, for Red Cross  work, will take place at A. Hilker & Sons store, on Saturday,  Oct. 23rd at 8 p.m. ,  ROOK  ON  TBWERANCE  TfrZ'-'ZTAi's'  "- '"'/,?',���������%��������� '..X  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  ���������At all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Alvin V. Sellers, judge of the  city court .of Baxley, Ga., U.S.A.,  has written the Western Call as  follows: In behalf of the cause  of temperance I shall soon publish  a book containing selections of  prose and poetry showing the  evils of the liquor traffic. I invite each one of your readers to  send me some choice selection  worthy of preservation and enlistment in this great fight. A  prize will be given for the best  selection  received.  I hope to distribute the book  all over America and believe it  will do a great.work in the fight  for a sober union."  One of the most pernicious tendencies of everyday life is a noticeable lack of respect for the law. It  exists more or less among all classes, but is most apparent where the  culprit can "see no harm in it."  Or possibly it might be more accurate to say where the culprit11 pretends to see no harm in it.  Take the case of violations of the  speed law, for illustration. "We, have  heard individuals refer in even a  boastful way of having done it. The  other day a man came into a garage where his motorcycle Was stored, took out his watch, and said:  "Eighteen miles in 25 minutes; well,  that is pretty good time, but I  wanted to get in before it began to  rain." Then the individual chuckled, as he related how he had avoided arrest on other occasions when  he had exceeded the speed limit.  Of course^ the person referred to  was rebuked as he well deserved,  and his qualities of mind and heart  are plainly indicated by the remark  quoted. But there are a good many  individuals of this sort���������far more  than flight be expected���������and they  are almost wholly responsible tgr  whatever ill-feeling exists for both  automobiles and motorcycles among  those who do not use them. And  the motorcycle is more unpopular  to-day than the automobiles, and  deservedly so, for it is largely used  by those who have an untrammelled  ambition to "burn up time and  space." r -  It is admitted that this class of  law-defiers is not a large one. But  like other evil things, they often  put 'a stigma upon the whole. Of  course, there is but one thing that  can be done to mitigate the evil  Ignorant and unscrupulous human  nature can't be made over; ix re  quires generation after generation  of example and precept to do, that.  But even this sort of human nature can be inspired with a wholesome fear. The law against such  offenders may be made more severe, and if, may be more severely  or strictly enforced. There is absolutely no other remedy. Articles of  this, sort may be written by the  press of the country until the crack  of doom and they will have very  little effect. What is needed is  more severe punishment.  Then a duty is incumbent upon  lawful users of automobiles and  motorcycles. It is- plainly their  duty to rebuke such instances - of  lawlessness in the plainest and  mdst forceful terms wherever and  whenever it is ** manifest, just as  was done in the case referred to.  Such a course is unpleasant, it is  true, but if duty were invariably  pleasant it would seldom be violated.  Don't Be Guided By Price Aloi  Many people, unthinkingly, Relieve they are' saving money in giving tl  packing, moving, storing and shipping of their household goods to any������  so long as the price is low. What about the scuffed up broken and misa  articles, that &> often is the result  of cheap work.    Try  our  "guaranty  nervinfi": . fcha    Ttriftpn   aro    ranannnWIa >  service"; - the  prices are  reasonable.  "WE KNOW HOW"  QVMPPELLSTORACE ������MPAN  Oldest ahd largest in Western Canada  Th0NE;^_teYM0UR^3e0 OfTKX^^BEATTYj  J  J. Dixon    i  ..House Phone: Bay.  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ftanufacturers  Jobbing (Wpenters *  Painting, Paperhanging and Kaisominlng  Vanooi  Shop! 1066 Dunsmuir St.  ir. B.C.  WJT IT AX-ONE  If your, car'runs properly and  quietly, do not attempt to improve it  unless you are an expert. Frequently readers come to us with statements of. how they have tampered  with their car in attempts to improve it, and possibly when just  out of-the factory. Invariajbly^ they  have come to -grief and wish they  had not meddled with it.  It is a rash thing to attempt to  improve upon the manufacturer's  design and construction, which are  usually the result of long study and  experiment. The car of to-day is  really the result of the experience of  thousands of car owners and designers, and the purchaser may be sure  that if there were any way to make  it better with slight additional expense, the manufacturer would be  the first to adopt it. As in the case  of anything else, "let well enough  alone."  HOPE-VANCOUVBE   BOAD    IS  OOOD  An auto party from Vancouver,  consisting of Dr. Ogle, Wm. Porter,  Capt. A. Steele and Wm. DuBty, journeyed to Hope. During their stay they were  the guests of B. J. Byrne of the Co-  quahalla Hotel, who accompanied them  from "Vancouver. On the return trip  the party was joined by W. Boultbee and  O. A. Bavenhill. In spite of statements  heard to tho contrary at Chiliiwack, the  road from there to Hope is in fine condition.���������Ti������est   Yale   Review.  * South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW; FEED STORE OPENED  Wltb a Complete Supply of POTftffBY SUPPLIES, HAT, GBAIN,  CHOP, BIO.  Vernon Feed Co.,  49TH .AND TEASER  (Branca Mm Mt PtoMMt)  WB STAND FOB QUALITY, 8BBVI0B   AND   LOW  A LECKIE?--  Then You're Lucky!  Because if it's a LECKIE BOOT you have just  - j- bought, you can positively^ rest assured that you  are going to get the/very fullest value for your  money. You couldn't buy a more solid Awearing,  comfortable fitting boot anywhere, and if it's a  LECKIE BOOT your money is staying right here  in British Columbia as well. Ask your" dealer  what HE thinks of LECKIE'S BOOTS AND  SHOES.  liJSf^^  I  The King has signed an Order-  in-Council applying the Defence  of the Realm (liquor control)  Regulation to- certain areas in  Scotland.  Arrangements have been made  whereby molybdenum will soon be  produced on a commercial scale  in B. C. It is a mineral much  used for toughening steel.  The children of the Glerifond-  land public school, Scotland, have  sent 1,000 sprigs of heather to  Aberdeen for the gala day in aid  of the funds- of the Royal -Infirmary. ,  Northwest- commercial travellers will petition the government  that henceforth all holidays, except Christmas, New Year's and  Good Friday be fixed for Monday.  Toronto Bulgarians at a mass  meeting   with   Macedonians   re  cently protested _against the acl  tion of Bulgaria in joining thi  Teutons and declared for the al.  lies. ,  General Booth hes decided tc  transfer, to the Russian govern]  ment five motor cars donated bj  Canada. They have been accept]  ed in a  special letter from the  Czar,   who is sending  a   special  messenger to receive them.  * 'John Skelton Williams,  comp-j  troller of. the Currency at Washington,   said   in   reviewing   thJ  first  year  of the  war,  that thJ  United States had not only avoid]  ed a financial crash, but had wip4  ed put the floating debt of .$250,J  000,000 due Europe on January l)  1015, and absorbed between $750,^  000,000    and    $1,000,000,000   oi  American securities held abroad]  and now is in condition to helj  finance   the whole world at   the  conclusion of the war.  Has anyone noticed the change  in public opinion in Canada during the past year? When the war  broke out there was a feeling of  dread. Evidence of hysteria was  manifested. As the months went  by impatience was expressed with  the progress of the allies. Now,  we have become accustomed to  the war, with full realization of  its seriousness but with united  confidence in ultimate victory for  the allies.  A;'n....:A . 4x *���������   *   ,%  Subscripiions  to   the  Western  Call, $1.00 a year.  ^&&*&.������*iAak>eL-  BEADY  FOB   ACTIVE   SERVICE


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