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The Western Call Oct 1, 1915

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 , . -V  wk  552  55S  y  ������Q^>  VOLUME VII.  WHY NOT CLOSE THE BAR?  UR HONORED KING banished liqiior from  bis household, as also did Asquith, Kitchener  f and numerous other great leaders. In many  U>arts of England liquor is prohibited. In other  'r������arts the hours of sale have been shortened.  |In Canada we have dont* little but talk. Why  not either close the bars outright, or. at least  greatly shorten the hours of sale*  This is a great national question and Ihe  times demand that we, as citizens, look it  squaivly in the face. Are we going to demand  that onr whims and habits of. years be undisturbed? Or are-we going to say outright that we  are prepared to "do our bit,v and whether we  go to th _ front or stay at home we will see that  our efficiency is not impaired by apoetites everywhere acknowledged as inimical to fitness?  Surely the example of our King and other  great leaders should mean something to us. To  whom is our allegiance given? King George V.,  or King Alcohol?  THE BALKAN STATES  THE IMMEDIATE COURSE of the Balkan  States and Greece will have a marked effect  on the future of Europe, not merely because  of the power and influence of their armies, but  rather because by their action now, they will  determine their fate after the war is over. It  may, therefore, be of interest to our readers to  know something of these states. -  Roumania  Roumania has an area of 33,487 square miles,  and a population in 1912 of 7,508,000 or about  the same as that of Canada.  King Ferdinand I. has ruled over this kingdom only since October 11, 1914, succeeding  his uncle, King Carol. King Ferdinand is 50  I years of age and has six children.  If Roumania consists of the union of 'the two  principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, which  union occurred on December 23,1861, which was  the origin of the present Roumania, but it was  still under the control of. Turkey. In' 1866 a  revolution broke out, culminating in a declaration of independence from Ti������key./i������4������7J. All  citizens of full age, paying taxes; afi electors,  voting in three divisions known as electoral colleges* For the first college a property qualification of ������50 is required. For the second college  those paying a- tax of 20 lee (about -$4) or- upwards, or retired officers, etc., have a vote. The  third college is composed of those who, paying  any tax to the state belong to neither of the other  colleges; those who can read and write and have  an income of ������12 from rural lands, vote directly,  Nthe remainder vote indirectly; each group of fifty,  indirect voters elect a delegate who votes with  tbe direct voters.  In religion 90 per cent, belong to the Greek  Catholic ehurch (state supported) and the balance are Roman Catholic, Protestant. Jews, Armenians and Mahometans. Education is free  and compulsory (wherever there are schools).  In 1909 about 60 per cent, of the population  over 7 years of age could neither read nor  write. Military service is compulsory and  universal. The peace footing consists of. about  130,000 men, but, with reserves, would amount  to over 500,000 trained men in war time.  In commerce Belgium has been Roumania's  best customer,-with Great Britain-nextv Their  imports come chiefly from Germany, Austria and  Great  Britain  in the order mentioned.  Bulgaria  Bulgaria was created a principality by the  treaty of Berlin in 1878, with an autonomous  Christian government, but under the suzerainty of the Sultan of Turkey. On October 5,  1908, Bulgaria declared her independence with  the reigning Prince Ferdinand as King, or Czar*  as he prefers.  On September 30, 1912, Bulgaria allied with  Servia, Greece and Montenegro in a war on  Turkey (the first Balkan war) which ended in  the treaty of London, May 30, 1913, by which  treaty Turkey ceded to the allies all its European territory west of a line drawn from Midia  to Enos.  The Balkan League broke up in a quarrel  over the division of this territory and within a month of the signing pf the treaty (June  29, 1913) the second Balkan war broke out. and  Roumania intervened to restore peace which  finally came in August, 1913, with a re-arrangement of boundaries.  Bulgaria has an area of 43,305 square miles,  and a population of 4,752,000, of which 3,200,000  are Bulgars, 488,000 Turks, 75,000 Roumanians,  65,000 Greeks, 98.000 Gypsies, 38,000 Jews, the  balance of mixed nationalities.  ���������  Military service is compulsory arid the army  consists of about 280,000 men, besides reserves,  lines of communication, etc., or perhaps1 an efficient army of 450,000 men. X  About five-sevenths : of. the population are  farmers, and her' agriculture products are of considerable importance.       X  Like Roumania, her best customer is Belgium,  and her imports come chiefly fromXAustria,  Germany and Great Britain in the order mentioned. X  Greece  Greece was a province of Turkey since the  latter part of the fifteenth century, and gained her independence by an insurrection in 1821-  29, confirmed by the Protocol of London, 1830,  and declared a kingdom under the protection  of  Great Britain, France and Russia,  In area Greece is 25,000 square miles with  a population of about 2,765,000, to which should  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People    ^  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,    FbDDAY; OCTOBER 1, 1915.  T.J. Keener  '.   J M. Mclntyre  Fuaaeal Diteetoc.  T. J. Meirney I C������.  .  Faneral   Strtftgea  At your service day and _  night. < -  4 Moderate charge* '-*���������  '808 Broadway Weak  ' Those: Taix. 10tt  ���������v.  5 Cents Per 0<>py.  No. 21.  THE CITY COUNCIL  MEMBERS OF THE CITY CIUNCIL are making themselves exceedingly busy oVer the  present system of ward voting. .Elections  will soon be the order of the day, and the aldermen know it too well. As yet no concerted  effort has been made to solve the unemployment  problem as it affects Vancouver. There is now  a vast army of unemployed voters who will no  doubt wield a strong influence at the January  elections.  THE VOTERS' LIST  MONDAY, OCTOBER 4TII, is the last day on  which those desiring a vote may register.  It is highly desirable that every man over  21 years of age who has the necessary qualifications should see that his name is enrolled on  the list. Ere another list is prepared, a vote on  the liquor question will be taken. The liquor  interests are signing men up wholesale from the  boze-counters. < Men of the Prohibition Army it  is certainly up to you to be on the list when  voting time comes around.     Register NOW.  MAJOR DE MARTIN  THE "WORLD" of Monday published a letter  received from the Minister of Foreign Affairs  of Belgium by Mr. S. Allman, of North Vancouver, regarding the identity of Major de Martin, who posed as an officer of the- Belgian army,  and as such visited many centres in Canada a  few months ago, promoting patriotic donations  on behalf of the stricken Belgian people. Mr.  Allman, of North Vancouver, was a resident bf  Belgium for many years and thoroughly understands the Belgian people and their language.  Naturally he was interested in Major, de Martin,  and sought his acquaintance while here. During  a conversation with the visitor ,Mr. Allman's  suspicions were aroused as to his identity, and  acting on these suspicious, a letter was' dispatched, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, of Belgium.  The reply follows: , '  Monsieur Sidney Allman, Lynn Yalley, B. C./  Canada.  (The following is a free translation:)  "I have the .honor to .'acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the first of this month and  regret'4o infornrT you that there' is no'::officer1  of the name of. De Martin in the Belgian army.  "I need hardly add that the person using this  name, and who has been lecturing and making  collections in Victoria and Vancouver is-wholly  unknown to me, that he has no such mission  and has no authority for making promises in  the name of tbe king's government.  "I thank you for the sympathy which you  express with regard to my country and am  greatly touched by the generosity shown by the  Canadian people toward my countrymen who  arc victims of $he war.  "It is only to be hoped that the gifts so  generously made should always be confided-to  persons of an honor above all suspicion, such,  for example, as our'consuls.  "I hhve only to hope that you will give  this matter the^gre&t publicity which it deserves*  and that the above letter will be copied by the  Canadian and United States papers generally."   (Sgd:)"   "        BEYENS.    --   --  If this be true, and the evidence most assuredly points in that direction, then the said De  Martin has swindled the people of Canada in  great style. Canadians in general have,a profound sympathy for stricken Belgium ancfare not  slow in doing their share in helping the people  of that country, but such episodes as that which  has now come to light are indeed humiliating.  Hereafter,^ those who pose as sympathizers in the  same or a "like capacity as De Martin will very  likely got a frigid reception in Canada unless  their credentials are bona fide.  be added the new territory gained through the  recent Balkan war, making a total of 42,000  square miles, Und a. population of 4,800,000.  Military service is compulsory and her army  consists of a peace strength of 60,000 men and  officers and a war strength of about 300,000.  Greece also has a very considerable navy  of eleven battleships and cruisers, 14 destroyers, 7 modern torpedo boats, 2 submarines and  several older boats. Its training and organization has been.under a British naval mission  since 1911.  The above is a brief outline of the. three  powers which "may be brought into the present  great''war. Xlt is not their military strength  which counts, but rather their strategic position. For instance, Roumania's stubborn neutrality hag prevented Germany rushing supplies and troops to the assistance of Turkey.  Bulgaria, if friendly to Turkey, will prolong  the work of. forcing the Dardanelles, while, on'  the other hand, if she threw in her lot with the  Entente Allies,she would at once threaten the  Turkish i'r^ar and force ah earlier evacuation  of Constantinople.  Greece cannot afford to abandon her ancient  friend and ally, Great Britain, and will form an  admirable naval base for our fleets; and, if  Greece plays the game right now she will  likely become: at the end of, the war the local  governor of the Dardanelles in the interest of  the great powers.  The next few weeks-- will be filled with epoch  making events for these three states.  THE CONNAUGHT BRIDGE  ANNOUNCEMENT HAS BEEN MADE by,the  City Council that the repairs to/ the Connaught bridge are about completed, and in  another day or two the bridge will again, be  open to traffic. It is now over sirs, months since  the structure was partially wrecked by a, fire  of unknown origin. The opening of the bridge  will prove a boon to business men in Mount  Pleasant who have severely felt the absence of  ' traffic across the Cambie street structure',. It  is a known fact that several business houses  have had to close up during the time bridge  construction was held Up, and now that the  traffic will be resumed, it is hoped that these  merchants will find sufficient business to warrant a resumption of activities in that section  of the city. .  A WORLD OF HEROES  THE WAR has completely closed the mouths of  those pessimists who have been declaring for  a long time that the human race was deteriorating. They have argued that, owing to more  luxurious living, men and women were being  enervated; their physical and moral qualities  were not up to the standard of former years.  We don't hear any of this kind of talk at  present. The war, has shown that both men and  women to-day, in the British Empire- and in  every other country, are capable of making greater sacrifices than they have ever made in the  past.  It is inevitable that our eyes, should be fixed  upon the men in the trenches. The awful experience which they must undergo causes them to  pretty well fill our minds. It is fitting that their  (heroism should be  properly recognized.   Never  1 have men faced death in so many different  ways, and with  so   much  cheerfulness, as  the  ��������� troops in France and Flanders. Every word that  can be said in praise of a man giving himself  for his country is due to them.  But we must not forget the women���������those  who have gone to the front to nurse and to  succor the. wounded. They have a- task before them that they might well quail at. Those  who have remained at home to work, in munitions factories are undertaking duties which they  never thought of in happier days.     The wives  . whose husbands have been killed in action, the  mothers who bave lost their sons, the sisters who  "Have seen their brothers go to war, full of life  and vigor, and now lie on the fields of Belgium���������  these are heroic figures of the world to-day too.  It matters little in what direction one may  look, heroism is to be found on every side, by'  both sexes, and by all ages.. And so far as  Great Britain and her colonies are concerned,  the sacrifice is a voluntary one. There have  been great and noble deeds done in the past, but  there is nothing in history that equals in magnitude the sacrifice that is being made to-day in  the cause of civilization and humanity. It is  encouraging to those who believe in their kind,  that in this awful hour of stress, men and women  ->give such indubitable proofs that their moral,  physical and spiritual qualities are better than  ever before.  PO NOT fcAPSE YOUJt POLICY  THERE ARE SOME-COMMODITIES that can-  be bought in the open market almost any  time and at substantially the same price, but  life insurance is not one of them. Age determines the price, and, of course, men do not grow  younger.  Men who drop their insurance usually expect  to take it on again at their convenience. Sometimes they can; sometimes they can't. But they  can never replace it at the same rates; so as a  purely business proposition they make a' mistake.  The man who, on second application, finds that  his heart or kidneys has become affected, forever barring him from life insurance, comes to  a realization of the fact that he has made something more than a business mistake.  Many lapses in policies grow out of emergencies which occur in life, forcing a man to  curtail his expenditures to meet his income. Better had the policyholder find that lie can do  without a vacation this year or without the automobile he is financing than to give up his policy and take a-chance upon taking out another  at some future date. A man should take the  same pride in regulating his finances and making current expenses conform to current incomes  as he does in all other matters that enter into  his efficiency. And, above all, he should guard  zealously the protection he has provided for his  home and family, eliminating it from his regular  expense account only when it is a case of absolute and dire necessity. But he should then be  sure'that it is really a necessity to give up what  he may-not be able to again obtain. When a  man takes out a policy of life insurance, whether  it be for one thousand or one hundred thousand,  lie has added that much to his: estate, establishing to that extent, at least, his worth to his  family and to the community. It represents just  so much headAyay. To drop that policy is to"  go backwards-���������to lose ground. Progress���������the ambition to weigh Well in the scales with other  men���������is an innate desire with us all; and if our  lives are well regulated we will not permit our-  seyeg to lose ground if we can help it.  Once you start a policy never lapse.it. For  the sake and benefit of the home which you have  started or propose starting, life insurance is "the.  best asset for a young man. It removes the  fear of distress should anything occur which deprives the family of the bread winner.   .  UNEMPLOYMENT IN  CANADA  /     <������ ,  REPORTS TO THE liABOR DEPARTMENT  at Ottawa as to labor conditions throughout  Canada this fall indicate that unemployment  conditions have been very considerably relieved'  as compared with last fall. At the present time  there is comparatively little unemployment in  urban' centres, except in two or three of the cities  of the far west. The outlook for the coming  winter is considerably brighter than it was thia  time last fall. c  Several causes, all directly due to the war,  have combined to bring about this improvement  of industrial conditions. More than 140,000  men are now under arms and being supported  by the government. Some 2,000 mechanics have  been taken to England for skilled work in manufacturing war munitions there. Approximately  10,000 Italians, Serbians', Russians and^Vrench  have left to join the allied arms. About 8,000  Germans and Austro-Hungarians are interned or  have left the country; and it is estimated that  60,000 men are now engaged in Canadian factories on war orders. This means a grand total of 220,000 men provided for who might otherwise have gone-to swell, the ranks of. the unemployed. The abundant harvests throughout  Canada and the call for harvest help have also  greatly contributed to the amelioration of the unemployment conditions of last year. It is  worth noting in this connection also that at the  present time there is not a single strike or labor  dispute of any magnitude in the whole Dominion  and wages are steady.  - t  IN THE TRAIL OF THE WAR  THOSE WHO SEEK to justify war will find it  extremely difficult to reconcile their theories  with the actual results in such a country as Belgium, for here we haye a tragic example of the  desolation and arrest of all progress which it Is  possible for war to effect.  The report of the; Belgian Relief Commission  touches upon-the economic conditions which war  has brought in its 'train. - To ^supply with food  a population of seven, million people debarred  from co^puurial i&qxpourse with' the outside *  world is *a tiaS-aaen aa hag rarely, if ever, been  paralleled' in, the history of war. Relief committees in the past have come to the aid of  famine-stricken peoples, but never haa a task of  such magnitude as that which confronts the Belgian Relief Commission*' been ^necessitated by a  war between civilized nations.     Belgium before  the war contained'a population, of nearly, eight  million people, which has been reduced by about  one million  through  wastage and exodus.    A  year before the conflict broke out the total Belgian exports and imports of goods were valued at  .$215  per head,  against .$150 per head  for the  United Kingdom, $76 for Germany, and $45 for  the  United  States.     This trade has  absolutely  ceased.    Credit and currency have disappeared.  Railways have been commandeered for military  service,  and all public utilities,  so. far as the  civil population is concerned, have entirely ceased to exist.  In what was one of the most highly industrialized centres in Europe the workers are now  reduced to unemployment, their misery being  accentuated by the interdiction of all movements  of population. The British blockade has been  rela_xed, to admit of thejmportation of_food. This  does not apply to raw materials, and the Belgian worker must find employment under his  German taskmaster or starve. The belligerent  nations have agreed to exempt the shipping of  the Belgian Relief Commission from attack. All  the food imported is resold to the Belgian people  who can afford to purchase, the profits being  devoted to those actually destitute, who now  number about three million. Hitherto one-half of  the funds for Belgian relief received from abroad  has been provided by Belgians. The amount available for distribution among the unemployed and  'destitute averages less than five cents a day. At  least three times this amount is required to preserve life and maintain health, and unless the  industrial activities of the country are revived,  the number of destitute must steadily* increase  and the problem of relief assume serious pro- <  portions.  Food supplies for Belgium come mninly from  the United States, Canada and the Argentine.  In the eight months between November and June  last 653.295 tons have been landed at Rotterdam,  of the estimated value of $46,000,000. Although  the food is sold at a profit, prices are not higher  than in London. It is impossible, of course, for  Britain to allow raw materials into Belgium for  the use of. the Germans, and while the war lasts,  therefore, the number of destitute iii Belgium  will, it is' feared, continue to increase. In little  over a year one of the most densely populated  and prosperous countries in Europe has been  reduced to a state of industrial paralysis, and  her people forced to turn foi* the necessities of,  life to the charity of the outside world. War  for  Belgium is  economic   death.  The Dominion Board of Railway Commissioners has issued a draft order for compulsory connection between independent telephone companies and the Bell Telephone Company.  An Imperial ukase was issued in Petrograd  last week calling to the colors reserves of. the  territorial army. Should the age limit be fixed at 35 years' the call wOuld mean the possible  addition of 8,000,000 men to the Russian armies, including men who had passed through the  first line and reserves and those who heretofore  have been exempted.  ".31  ���������   --X1  'i\.  it  y  ft Friday. October 1, 1915.  ITALY'S RESOURCES  The Kingdom of Italy is computed at 91,277 square miles. Its  population of 26.800,000 in 1871  increased to 32,500,000 in 1910,  and in 1912 was about 35,000.000.  Italy is one of the most densely  populated countries, having 313  people to the square mile, and,  in spite of the large emigration,  her population is rapidly growing.. The excess of births over  deaths was 11.14 in 1902.  The poverty of Italy is due,  not so much .to the Italians, as  to the lack of those natural resources that form the basis.. of  agricultural and industrial prosperity. A very large portion of  her territory is mountainous,  stony and arid, and therefore unsuitable for agriculture. Only one  third of the soil is able to produce food ��������� for man or beast,  whereas approximately two-  thirds of the territories possessed by Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark  and Austria "are devoted to agriculture, and the remaining third  of those countries is covered with  forest. Italy has scarcely any  forest. While 14 per cent, of the  area is classed as forest, much of  it is really brushwood, used for  fuel arid the manufacture of charcoal, coal being little used except  for manufacturing purposes. On  the plains and lowlands there is  a large percentage of swamps,  and malaria, although decreasing, is a serious impediment to  agricultural pursuits. In recent  years considerable areas of. wet  lands have been drained through  government help, and thereby the  breeding grounds of mosquitoes  have been reduced. The effect is  that the health of the people is  greatly safeguarded and land  available for production much extended. The Campagna is bejng  redeeitied, after a thousand years  of noxious existence. ��������� .  While agricultural Italy is handicapped by lack of soil, and of  rain and drinking water, industrial Italy, is still more seriously  hampered by a scarcity of coal  and iron. She produces less coal  per year than both Great Britain  and Germany.. produce in a. single day, while her production of  iron ore is negligible in quantity.  In fact Italy has no valuable  mineral resources except sulphur.  Her industrial development is  further hampered by the total  absence of navigable rivers, "and  by the mountainous nature of the  country, which makes cheap  transportation by rail impossible.  Agricultural laborers constitute one third of the population  of Italy. Their lot is for the most  part a hard one, arid in some regions   absolutely miserable.     In  WHAT   WE   DO  FOR  OUR   CUSTOMERS  A customer's contract with us is something more than an  agreement for the supply of electrical energy���������it is also a  contract for service.  Ourelectrlc.il energy.is sold hy the measured kilowatt hour  ���������the value of our accompanying service ia something immeasurable.  We are supplying not. electrical energy alone, but engineering advice and efficiency facilities sucb as are seldom offered free of .cost.  This service is not specified in our contract*���������we bave no  desire to limit in any way the extent to wbicb our customers, may use it.  If your lighting or power problems bave outgrown your  experience, telephone to us for free advice and assistance  ���������the response will be prompt.  Hastings and Carrall 8ts.  Phone Sey. 5000  "Pride of the West"  RRANP  OVERALLS. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  OfcOTBJNG  O-������������������������������������--''  - *y   * xxxx.''-x'x  MACKAY SMITH, BUIR & CO., UP.  "Buy Croocla Made at Borne, a������4 get fcotb the  Goods and the Money."  view of this fact, and considering the density and rapid increase  in population, and lack of. natural resources, it is not to be wondered at that millions of Italians  drawn chiefly from the agricultural classes, should seek a living  in foreign countries. It is noteworthy, however, that the majority of those who emigrate return  to the country of their birth. The  Italian emigrants have been of  the greatest service . to Italy.  They have benefitted the country  in two ways. First, their, remittances of foreign gold have enriched the country to the extent  of fully $100,000,000 per year,  making money pheap arid plentiful, to the advantage of trade, (  commerce and industry.' Second,  the emigrants who have returned from abroad have introduced  hiodern methods of trade and agriculture, and they have infused  into the country a new spirit of  hope, energy, ambition and progress. It may be said that those  returning from America, in particular are modernizing the country.  . Italian thrift is frequently mistaken for poverty by casual  visitors to the country. In Italy,  town-workers and country-workers alike accumulate savings  with the greatest energy. In  1912, the amount on deposit in  institutions for popular savings  was about $1,400,000,000, or forty  dollars per head of * the population. This is the more remarkable when the fact is. borne in  mind that farms and houses are  the favorite investments of Italians of small means. Financially,  Italy is now in a far better position than she has ever been/The  rapid increase in her wealth is  indicated by the greatly improved  position of the Italian banks,  and by the marked improvement  in Italy's national credit.  Agriculture  Since the time, some fifty years  ago, when Italy became united,  Italian agriculture has made rapid progress. This is particularly  true of the last few decades.  Wheat is the most important  arid most widely grown of the  cereals'. The total production of  wheat in 1912 was 160.000,000  bushels, the average yield being  only 14 bushels'per acre. In the  same year 92,000,000 bushels of  corn were grown. Next in im  portance come rye, barley, qats  and rice.  The vine is cultivated throughout the length arid breadth of. the  country. The area in vineyard  has enormously increased, being  about 16,000,000 acres or 14 per  cent, of the total area. The average yearly production of wine  during 1901-03 was not far short  of a thousand million gallons, rather more than half of which is  consumed in the country. The  quality of Italian wine is never  good enough to compete with the  best wines of other countries  After cereals and vineyards,  the most important cultivation  is the olive. In 1905 the production of olive oil was 75,000,000  gallons.  Sugar beets are extensively  grown^ tb^sut^I^sugar-factories.  These factories increased from an  output of 5,972 tons in 1898, to  an output of 325,000 tons in  1913.XKemp, flax and cotton  are grown to some extent, and  tobacco shows a large increase  of recent years.  Sicily is the centre for orange  and lemon production, but these  fruits are grown also in the  mainland of Southern Italy. Almonds and walnuts are widely  cultivated, while the extensive  chestnut forests on the mountain  slopes are of great value both for  wood and fruit. The average production of silk for the period  1900-04 was 5,200  tons.  The number of live-stock shows  a continuous and gratifying . increase over a term of years, particularly as regards cattle and  sheep.  Enormous flocks of sheep are  pastured in the mountains in summer and brought down to the  plains in winter. , "  Northern Italy has long been  noted for its great dairy districts.  With the introduction of modern , methods and of co-operation  progress has been marked in the  production of both cheese and  butter. In 1910 there were 1,035  co-operative dairies in Italy. The  largest dairy in the world is located at Soresina near Cremona.  It works daily 92,400 pounds of  milk.  The large increase in the importation of chemical fertilizers  and of machinery bears witness-  to the progress being made in agricultural development. During  the past twenty-five or thirty  years the imports of. agricultural  machinery have' increased fifteen  fold in value, while the imports  of fertilizers have increased sev-  enteen-fold in value.  Commerce and Industry  Up to a comparatively recent  time,, Italy was almost exclusively an agricultural state, but of  late years her manufacturing industries have greatly expanded.  This has been based largely on  the development of electrical power derived from the waterfalls.  The continued development of  this source of power may perhaps  compensate her for the lack of  coal, and is bound to be an important factor in her industrial  progress.  The progress of the Italian cotton industry is particularly note  worthy. Between 1900 and 1909.  the number of active cotton spin  dies more than doubled, and since  1887 the increase in the export  of cotton goods has been between  sixty and seventy-fold. The  other textile industries ��������� silk,  woollen, flax and jute���������have also  made notable advances. Great  progress has been made in the  manufacture of machinery of all  kinds, especially in the north. For  steel making, foreign pig iron is  chiefly used.  The countries with which Italy  does most of her foreign trade  are: Imports���������United Kingdom,  Germany, United States, France,  Russia and India. Exports���������Swit  zerlund, United States, Germany,  France, United Kingdom and Argentina.  Both the importations jof raw  material and the exportation of  manufactured articles have increased of recent years. The most  important imports are coal, iron,  cotton, silk, wheat* flour, corn  and cattle. The chief exports are  silk and cotton goods, wines, spirits and oil, fruit, macaroni, livestock"ai^^wlplnTlrVT" ~^"^  The importation of wheat increased from 164,600 tons in 1882  to 1,126,368 tons in 1902. The  importation of corn was 208,719  tons in 1902, or double the  amount imported in 1882.  Italy's exports of butter and  cheese, oranges and lemons, almonds, oil and rice show a large  Rennie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B. C.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  _, A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  A very large number of men  have met with serious financial  reverses during the past year.  When we speak of heavy losses  we usually have in mind financial  disasters. The heaviest. losses,  however* are not financial but  moral. "We are apt to.reckon them  in terms of health, money, or reputation, when in reality it is in  9ASIM  sMsr  '!VH.r:ir.p-^:::-  XM-XX  v0AA/Jy  WkWk/jP:.'  ,X-'Vl'X.*w y,;-;.;  increase since 1882. Latterly'  however, oil and wine show a tendency to decrease. In 1905, she  exported 15,000 head of cattle,  27,000 sheep, and 94,500 swine in  excess of the number imported.  Since 1882, the exports of cattle  and sheep show a large decrease,  while swine show a. large increase.  Horses to the number of 46,500  were imported in 1902, and the  importation is growing.  The excess of imports over exports has never been less in recent years than $60,000,000.  Italy has co-operative associations, agricultural banks, agricultural high schools and travelling  instructors to agriculture.  Italy, the degenerated /offspring  of a world-famous civilization,  has been making great strides in  recent years, and is rapidly progressing among the peoples of  Europe.  THE HEAVIEST WSSJSS  character we suffer.  Economic values are continualj  ly looming up higher than moraj  ones, We see a notable example  of this since the war began. Th*  nations involved in the titanid  European conflict have found ill  necessary to put intoxicants unl  der the ban in order to main]  tain the efficiency of their men afj  the base of supplies as well as or  the field. No one would dare tc  say that Russia prohibited thd  manufacture and sale of vodka  simply because it was a mora]  evil. It is probable that its sahf  would have been going on no\  were it not that it lias provec  to be an economic menace.  The optimist would like tc  think that it is because the work  is getting better that the tern-]  perance wave is sweeping over sc  many parts of the world. It looks,,]  however, as if it is an evidence  that the world is getting wise!  rather than better.  Social relationships are also  greatly emphasized. Certain evils  are being opposed to-day because  they injure mankind socially/  These results are small, however,  in comparison with the moral injury which sin inflicts. The dulling of affection, the deadening  of conscience, the departure of  faith and peace, are the most serious losses which deplete the life j  of. humanity  Leckie's���������The  for British Co  Made of the most select parts of the leather, cut,  designed, and sewed by experts LECKIE'S SHOES  cannot help being leaders wherever they are sold.  Especially adapted for British ^Columbia use.  INSIST that your dealer show you a pair of.  LECKIE'S.  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver B. C.  ONE  OF   POINT  GREY'S SCHOOLS Friday, October? 1, 1915;  FAKE CONSUMPTION CURES  (By Philip P. Jacobs, Ph.D.)  ' TPo the drowning man, a stick, I  at straw, or any old piece of wood  looks like a help to save himself  from death. So, to the consumptive, any kind of flimsy statement or any brand of manufactured "patent" medicine appears  to offer a hope of" cure and a  chance  for  life.  Profiting by this ever-living  hope of the consumptive, more  than five hundred different varieties of so-called "cures" for  tuberculosis are now being advertised or sold to the American  people, bringing in an income of  over $15,000.0.00. annually.  You have seen advertised in  the   newspapers'  and magazines  such nostrums .as Dr.   ... . 's  cough cure, guaranteed to "cure  your cough  in  three  days"; or  Prof.  ���������'s   dope,  which  "raised from   the  bias positively  dead hundreds of advanced cases "; or a," cure'' labeled with  some such name as " consumption-  cide," and declared to be "a marvellous preparation of secret  drugs which will kill the bacilli  of consumption in their extent.  Generally speaking, the so-called " cures" for consumption may  be divided into three groups, as  follows:  1. Home-made. Remedies.���������-The  numerous home-made remedies  which, either through ignorance  or superstition, have" been advanced as treatments for tuberculosis,, make up the first class.  In this group are included such  things as onions, lemons, coal dust,  lime dust, pig's blood, dog oil,  milk strippings, teas of various-  kinds, alcohol, raw meat and a  host of others. 'Most of these  cures are advanced by innocent,  well-meaning individuals x^bo  imagine   thatXthey:',have;7cured  ..themselves or someone else with  >' their particular remedies, and,  out of gratitude, they recommend  these ''cures" to others;The remedies in this group are "hot usually advertised Or sold for financial gain. Wherever anyone has  taken the trouble, however, to investigate the "cures" said to have  been brought about by these simple/remedies, he has found one of  two things: (1) either the patient  never had tuberculosis,' or (2)  if he had it, the improvement  attributed to the remedy lasted  but a short time, and the treatment in question had nothing  whatever to do with thev favorable symptoms;  2. Drugs and Nostrums.��������� In  this group are included hundreds  of devices ranging all the way  from an inhaling-tube of some  particular brand to a bottle of  gaudily colored liquid, any of  which may be purchased at a  drug store for prices ranging  from 10 cents to $5 or more. In  this group are found the numer-  ^ou8=^so-called���������"cough���������curesr"  which usually contain a liberal  amount of some' opiate or alcohol. Some of these do not claim  to cure consumption, but state  that  they   will cure   "long-per  sisting cough" or "deep-seated  cough.'r Relying on these assertions, the consumptive, often in  the -beginning of the disease, loses  weeks and months of valuable  time before he consults the doctor. Coughs and colds are not  cured by mixtures of this character. Some of them provide a temporary relief, but frequently the  harm done is very serious and  sometimes permanent. In this  group are included also the patent medicines which are advertised hs positive cures for consumption. An. analysis of a number  of these by the United States  Department of Agriculture, the  American Medical. Association,  and others, shows that they have  no value whatever in the treatment of tuberculosis. It is hot  too much to state emphatically  that you cannot buy from any  druggist in the United. States a  medicine or mixture that will cure  tuberculosis. Such a remedy does  not exist, despite the advertised  lies and seemingly substantiated  claims of the druggist and manufacturer..  .3. "Institutes," "Professors"  and "Doctors."���������The third group  of so-called cures for tuberculosis  includes the numerous " " institutes," "professors," companies  bf "doctors" or similar concerns,  who sell their secret ''remedies'���������'���������  through the mail or by traveling  froin place to place. This group  contains nearly two hundred  concerns who are' cheating the  peojple opt of millions of dollars  every year. The methods: and  claims of most of them are idenr  tical. Their stock in trade consists of a liberal amount of advertising space in newspapers  and cheap magazines; a good  supply of follow-up letters and  circulars; an ordinary mail order office equipment; and, last of  all, something in the form of a  bottled or pill-like concoction. In  makes no difference what the  mixture sold may be. When the  head Of an "institute" in the  west, formerly a bookkeeper, was  arrested for misusing the mails,  in 1912, the government found  that he wias selling tablets made  of rye flour as a cure for tuber  culosis. Any kind of colored li  quid; any mysterious powder, or  any kind of tablet or pill may  be sold as. a cure for tuberculosis, with profit to the maker  The chief asset of the institute or  wily "professor" whose advertisement you have seen in the pa  pers, is not his "medicine," but  his advertising ability.  '' But,'' you will say,'' some of  these companies give testimonials  for their remedies which have  every appearance of being genuine. '' Granted. You may even  write to some of the names signed to the testimonials and have  them verified by the signers. But  -that does not prove the value of  the  "cure"  in question.    It  is  common knowledge with the ven  dors of patent medicines that a  present of a dozen photographs,  ��������� a financial reward of a few dol-  ONB OF VANCOUVER'S SUBURBS���������SHOWING DESIRABLE RESIDENTIAL SITES  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  lars, or in some cases even sheer  gratitude for what a patient  thinks has helped him, will produce an unlimited supply of testimonials. Investigation of the  claims of hundreds of testimonials for a large number of con-:  sumption cures has always proved  one of three things: (1) either the  person who signed the testimonial had done so because he was  paid for it; or (2) he never had  tuberculosis at all and only imagined he had been cured; or,  most frequently, (3) that he was  very much, worse or dead as a result of taking the nostrum at the  time the investigation was made.  It is a well known fact in the  treatment of tuberculosis, that  consumptives are most willing to  believe that they' may be cured  by this, that or the other thing.  Consequently, after a patient has  started to take Prof. ���������-������������������  '' treatment,' 'it is easy for him to  imagine that he is being helped.  This period of imaginary relief  may in some cases extend over a  considerable time. It is during  this interval that the clever "professor" secures bis testimonials of  marvelous '' cures'' wrought ��������� by  his remedy. He does not care if  the patient dies within a week after signing the testimonial. He  goes right on using it. Instances  of this can be shown in scores of  cases.  Then, of course, there are the  testimonials manufactured out of  "whole cloth" from the brain of  the advertising manager. As it is  easy to get others, this kind of  testimonial is not used so frequently iii tuberculosis as in other  diseases.  An investigation of the cases of  jrngreLjhanjone^^^hundrecLconsum-,  ptives in a western city who had  been taking a certain widely advertised consumption cure revealed the fact that almost every  one had experienced a temporary  relief, but that in every case the  patient had either become worse  or died in. a short time afterward.  This cure, consisting largely of alcohol and potassium iodid, simply  hid the dangerous symptoms of  the consumptive, as a result of  which he was induced to continue  the treatment and was given a  false sense of security. It is thus  that the valuable time whieh the  consumptive should be spending  in a sanatorium or under a doctor's care, is lost, and he discovers his real condition when it is  too late.  HEATING E^%?^,c,e,,cy���������  Our BiAlness has frcci built up hv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  Vancouver Enginef ring Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FQUNDEES  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  "Our national quality of commercial shrewdness fails us," says  Samuel Hopkins Adams in "the  Great American Fraud," " when  we go into the open market to  purchase relief, from suffering.  The average man when he  sets out to buy a horse, or a box  of cigars, is a model of caution.  Show him testimonials from any  number of prominent citizens and  he would simply scoff. Now observe the same citizen seeking to  buy the most precious of all possessions, sound health. Anybody's  word is good enough for him  here. An admiral -whose puerile  vanity has betrayed him into a  testimonial; any obliging and conscienceless senator; a- grateful  idiot from some remote hamlet;  a.renegade doctor, or a silly woman who gets a bonus of a dozen  photographs for her letter,���������any  of these are sufficient to lure the  hopeful patient to the purchase.  Ke wouldn't buy a second-hand  bicycle on the affidavit of any  of .them,, but he will give up his  dollar and take his chance of  poison on a mere newspaper  Statement which he doesn't even  investigate." 'XV,  You may rest., assured that if.  any one of the concerns who advertise "cures" for tuberculosis  had a real cure, the name of the  discoverer of such a ' remedy  would be known to everyone, and  every government in the world  would do honor to him. But the  National Association for the  Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, which is the leading  American authority > on this disease, says without hesitation that  no one has as yet discovered any  such specific cure.  Any kind of drug, vacine, or  other combination which seeks to  cure tuberculosis in the human  body must accomplish three  things;-''. "X ' ' ���������'������������������ X'X 'vx  (1) It must destroy the germs  of tuberculosis in the body or it  must find some method of making the body rid itself of these  destructive bacilli.  (2) It must provide for the  healing or restoration of the body  tissues Which have already been  destroyed or injured by the  germs.  (3) It must do these ttvo  things without serious injury to  any organ or parts of the body  not affected by tuberculosis.  Even a superficial examination  of the numerous remedies and  treatments, so widely advertised  by the unscrupulous makers,  shows that not one of them can  accomplish any of these three requisites of a real cure for consumption. '  "The only real cure for consumption, which will do all of the  three things required of it, is the  wellkuown combination of 'fresh  air, rest, wholesome food, and  freedom from worry, all in large  doses, and under competent medical direction.  A sanatorium is the best place  to take this kind of cure. Here  you will find it easy to rest for  hours and days in the open air;  here you will find the proper  kind of food and enough of it;  here you will not be discouraged, because you will find many  others who are living just as you  are; and, finally, here you will  obtain constant and careful medical supervision. Sanatoria do not  give medicines to cure tuberculosis, they prescribe only fresh  air, rest, good food and freedom  from worry.  P.eeause these essentials of a.  real eure are often so easy to attain, and because they cannot be  picked up at once in the hands  and examined as one would-a bottle of medicine, there are many  consumptives who doubt their  value. Yet thousands and hundreds of thousands have been  cured in this way.  A MIDGET MOTOR VEHICLE  During the past two years there  have been various movements to  introduce '������������������_, light-weight     motor-  driven, vehicles  ranging  all the  way from the cyclecar to the motor wheel, but the smallest self-  contained vehicle that   has   yet  been brought out is; the "mon-  auto." This is a complete motorcycle and incorporates a number  of ingenious arrangements.   Tbe  wheels are 14 inches in diameter,  and  the, 2 5-8 Jby  3Xfou*r-cycle  motor  is- rated-tat  21^2   horsepower, which it is claimed is capable of driving the. Vehicle at a  speed of 25 miles ah hour. ���������   The  frame is .decidedly simple, consisting only of. ^length of large-sized  tubing,Xvhieh acta aa aj tank as  well as forming   ar Vyeigr   rigid  frame. The total length of;ithe  machine is 48 inches, with a width  of 9 inches and a height of 18  inches, just about that of an ois  dinary chair.  ���������������������������:���������  '    - i ������������������ :~   .���������''-������������������ ���������  A most original feature of this  midget machine is the simplicity  of its control. The handle bars, besides doing the. steering, have   a  swinging motion forward and  back, and are so connected with  the. throttle and clutch that a  backward movement of the handle bar closes the throttle, throws  out the clutch and applies the  brake, while a forward movement of the bar reverses these  operations. Moreover, the further,  forward Jthe bar is pushed the l  faster the machine will run. These  movements of the bar are instinctively made by the rider,  so that it is claimed that anyone  can safely ride the machine with  no previous experience.  It is apparently not expected  that this machine will appeal to  the pleasure rider as much as to  the busy business man who muat  get around without loss of time;  Its convenience for military' operations is also pointed out, for  its light weight, 45 pounds, allows of its being picked up and  carried over when a stream or  other obstacle is to be crossed.  This light weight also permits it  to be readily carried into    the  house,   instead    of    having   to  leave it standing in  the street,  while its compact size enables it  to ba stored most anywhere.  Campbell-Gordon Co., UrolN  X LIMITED  Gate Valves, Bydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  fcead Pipe, Pig fcead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 Bojner Street  REMEMBER  Here's a sentence to remember,  Be  it  April  or  December,  Be  it  any kind   of  weather;  Bum and  Bain   march   together.  Here's a line for yoa to ponder,  Be you here or' be you yonder,"'  Be you wed or be you single;  Wine and Wisdom never mingle.  Here's a warning, don't forget it,  If you do you may regret it;  Heed it though its truth surprises;  Liquor always brutalizes.  :  Save Car fare  It costs money to travel. If you go, down town  there is car fare to pay both ways, and besides  the trip takes up the whole of the morning or afternoon. Then, too, there is the trouble of getting ready.  Save ail expense, time and worry by using the  telephone. The telephone is particularly convenient to people in suburban or outlying districts. At  all times they can order what they want from any  store. Besides, they are always within reach of  their friends. No writing of letters to effect social engagements.  It is cheaper to telephone than to travel.  It costs less to talk than to write.  TWENTY-FOUR HOUB SEBVICE  British Columbia Telephone  COMPANY, LIMITED  ' v ymi  //km  ������������������������������������*-"���������������������������<?���������*&{_  .~-.m.:$3i\ X;!:X"-V*.'-);:'  THE WESTERN  CALL  E.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE .'  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  j  $1.50 Outside Canada.  1' Why does not Kitchener do something on  the west front?" asks the croaker. We promised 150,000 men to* France. Kitchener has a  million in France and a half, million at the  Dardanelles.  Britain's fleet was to have protected our allies'northern coast. It has swept German commerce and navy from off the seas, and completely bottled up the German fleet. Jellicoe ie doing his "bitX  Premier Sifton, of Alberta, says equal suffrage will be the live question of the next session of the legislature. Mr, Sifton has given  instructions for the preparation of a statute placing men and women in Alberta on a basis of  absolute equality so far as provincial matters  are concerned...-. ������������������'��������� X'X--X'  . In a former issue we referred to.:" a writer in  an obscure journal'' and the South Vancouver  (Chinook at once jumped to the conclusion that  the cap fitted its editor.'and proceeded to ydmit  forth tirades of abuse on the editor of this paper.  We congratulate the Chinook on its astuteness  in thus recognizing its new and appropriate title.  To "Pythagoras," the writer of the Sun  "leaders," we commend that old fable by  Aesop: A fox entered the house of an actor,  and rummaging through all his properties.'came,  upon a mask, an admirable imitation of a human  head. He placed his paws on it, and said, "What  a beautiful head! yet it>is of no value, as it  entirely wants brains."  True patriotism pre-supposes 'sacrifice of  self interest.' To some, however, it seems to  mean "How much can I make out of war contracts?" Will Mr: Cope,' ���������'whose complaints are  daily ascending heavenward re lack of war  contracts for Vancouver, please tell the 'public  why it is he has failed to manufacture a single  shell, although lie has had an order for three  thousand for over,three months'!  ������i    t ' *���������  Ambassador Bernstorff has complained to the  American government against thes "inhuman"  practice of British merchantmen in ramming  German submarines. Perhaps President Wilson could dispatch another ''note" ,to Great  Britain asking that in future all British liners  and freighters shall fly large Union Jacks, and  immediately on sighting a submarine heave  to with broadside towards the submarine, thus  making it unnecessary for the under-water pirate  to expend more'than one torpedo.       '  John Buskin once said: A war in which the  natural ambitions and love of power of men are  disciplined into the aggressive conquest of surrounding evil; and in whichVthe natural instinct  jtf self-defence^Largwnctificd^by^the Mbleness.,  of "the institutions and the purity, of the households which they aro appointed^ tb^defend.' To  such a war as this all men are born, in such a  war any man may happily die; and forth from  such wars have arisen all the highest sanctities  and virtues of humanity.       V  sTo^ya aiiAPxoiiUs gut^s  EVERY BULB of a gladiolus put into the ground  shrivels up; directly above it the new bulb  forms. "When the gladiolus is in bloom the  new. bulb is but partially formed, and therefore'  no bulbs should be harvested until the new ones  have had a chance to mature.  In order to be sure of getting large, bulbs  many growers resort to the trick of sowing  bone fertilizer between the rows immediately after cutting the flowers, and harrowing it into  the ground.  The man who grows great quantities of bulbs  usually plows them from the ground as he  would harvest potatoes. This work should always  be done in the morning of a clear, sunny day>  and the bulbs should be allowed to dry in the  air for from three to four hours. They must  never be allowed to remain out-of doors over  night.  Any dry, airy place, where the temperature  will not go below thirty-eight degrees or above  forty-five degrees is ideal for winter storage of  bulbs.< Air must be admitted from time to time,  and in severe weather artificial heat;must help  to keep the temperature above the freezing point.  > Any good, dry cellar or barft-will do. I When the  bulbs are brought in from the fields they must  first be spread oh the floor tO'dty thoroughly  Vand.cure. "x-* X V':'"X" V-XXXX^  In lifting the bulbs from the ground; do not  shake off the soil, as the increasei, is. ^attached  to the, new bulb, and it would thus be shaken  off. .Any rainy day in November of -December  clean the bulbs by remoyi^iW old ones that  are still attached to the bottoms of the new ones,  , carefully separate the little ones which are called cormlets, and pack them in separate bojces.  When finally cleanedthe bulbs.arer sorted aa to  sizes and stored until spring..XX x /'.���������-.. X V  Friday. October 1, 1915.x  MHJTABY ACTIVITIES ON VANCOUVER ISLAND  AN ADDING MACHINE TRIUMPH  WHY GO TO WAR when you can count the  enemy put?   Ah ingenious Swiss statistician,  who is probably alsdV a bit of a wag, has been  keeping tab on the number of prisoners of war  officially reported by the Austrians and Germans  as haying, been taken oh the eastern front since  the first of May, When the Galician drive began;  He finds that according to these figures 2,571,-  750 Russians have been added since May 1 to  the 1,395,000 rep&rted before that date.  Why should Germany waste billions on war  material? What she wants is a larger battery  of adding machines. The Russians are evidently  surrendering  more  rapidly   than   they   can be  PROTECTING HOME INDUSTRY  IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA  Work of British Columbia Consumers'. League  Fostering the Purchase of Provincial Products  Where Quality and Price Are Equal.  counted and sent to the rear.   A serious feature'^7 /well to themselves  of the case, however, is the food problem. The  Russian peasant is a big, husky fellow, who con-ii  sumes a  lot of rye bread  and  potatoes.  How5  is Germany going to stand his inroads upon the?  cupboard ?   If the adding machines keep going [  three will be eight or nine millions of Russians  eating German rations- before the harvest of 1916 *  is reaped.     These adding-machine victories are  not without; their peculiar perils. They may convince the^ German people that the more Russians'  they take the nearer- will the nation be to ���������������������������a1-  fearful and lingering death from starvation. To':*  prevent    such   an    impression   from    getting*  abroad it would be well ,not: to; overwork the"  machines, even if Vsome0^ the phantom prison- f  ers pass to the rear unrecorded  (By J. Herbert Welch, in Financial Times)  In the old days of Stage coach and sailing  vessel transportation, the manufacturer or farmer  enjoyed a market which was well shielded: from  competition from afar. His protection was the  'slowness and costliness of carrying goods over \  :corisiderable distances. So it was that while he  could not reach out for other markets,'he and his  local competitors had the home* market  pretty  n ���������  HAlmO TBJ3 VAm������mSVP  A  LABORATORY  DR. ALEXIS CARREL, the famous French surgeon, who created such a tremendous sensation in the medical world by his extraordinary  work in transplanting tissues, blood vessels, and  nerves, at the Rockefeller Institute, is now just  behind the firing lines in northern France, continuing his remarkable experiments. His opportunity is probably the most unusual any worker  in surgical research has ever had, for the great  battlefields themselves are in reality his laboratories. By applying there the methods which he  discovered for sewing up bloodvessels* tissues,,  and bones, he has been able to save limbs which  were hopelessly" lost according to usual surgical  ice...; XXX.Xx.__ ._._ x v. ^ i.^.X _.l . _,j _ _��������� __....  The French government has provided a hotel  at Compeigne as a hospital; administrative officers, and surgeons selected by Dr. Carrel himself, for the institution, carry on the regular  work, thus .leaving Dr. Carrol in a position to  devote,his full time to making his wonderful  experiments, and to furthering the work that  will not only be of practical value to the  wounded soldiers of today, but will be of tremendous value to all generations to come. The  importance of this may be seen when it is considered that although most of the ablest surgeons in France are working at the military  hospital they do not know whether their patients recover, and so they learn but little new.  One important result already obtained is the discovery of what Dr. Carrel and Dr. Dakin of. the  Lister Institute, who works with Dr. Carrel, call  the ideal surgical antiseptic.  To further Dr. Carrel's work in this connection, the Rockefeller foundation has sent Red  Cross nurses, and a staff of bacteriologists and  chemists. Thus, in northern France* as in Belgium) American finance is working for humanity.  The French authorities have stopped excursions to the front, a dangerous jpastime for all  concerned. XX;' ^  V Among the important measures before the  French parliament is one calling to the colors a  contingent of 400,000 young men who in time of  peace would beg^u military service in 1917.  This would add 400,000 yOung men to the French  forces..; ��������� V 1' '.;���������  >aj-  An   Amsterdam:newspaper  learns   that   all  males from 17 to 4& years of age have been prohibited from leaving: Germany.    Some who attempted   to leave   have  been   turned back   at  .Dutch frontier stations.  ���������x    '���������>'���������  It is announced in England that womten en-V  gaged in the ^manufacture of war munitib^"#illV;  be paid the same rates as men on piece worfc and?  arrangements are under way for the establish-v  ment of day- rates for women on the basis oK  (equal pay for equal work.  Steam  transportation  has  changed all  this.  ' Annihilating distance, it has enabled manufac-  J.' turers and other producers, possessing superior  ability  or advantages as to  raw  materials  or  J distribution, to push their products into wide-'  spread markets in direct competition with the  ' local producers inthese markets.    Drawing their  V jsiistieiaanee;, frpm' many Vsources,; the   specially.  k equipped enterprises have, in ma'ny cases, grown  v so powerful; ^that Vthey haye; been able, by fair  jneans1 or^fbul,.'toextend their long.arms and  Squeeze the lifeVor vitality out of small or young  f. enterprises; and thus have renclered coraparative-  1 ly sterile,of industries communities which other?  Wise would have had tnem iri good measure.  When this reaching has been from one ria-  tipn to another, tariff walls have been raised;  but there, ~while they have constituted a cpn-  | siderable defense for the nations of inferior productive strength, have by no means solved the  problem. For instance, producers of the United  States sold in Canada during the fiscal year ending March 31, ��������� 1914, goods to the value of over  $425,000,000, while Canadian producers sold in  the United States goods to the value of a little  over $200,000,000. Considering the great difference in the number of people in these two nations, this is an excellent showing for Canada;  but the fact remains that the Canadian people  have paid to United States producers over twice  as much money as the people of the United  States have paid to Canadian producers. It is  true, of. course* that we of Canada have received useful or necessary commodities for the  ^$200,00_0,OPJftjiv.hich_has.beeiwsent-across-theVin^-  ' ternationatl boundary in excess of the money  which has come across the line. But the question arises as to whether, if we had kept this  money for our own producers and the development of Canadian production, we would not  have had, by this time, both the money and practically all of the really necessary goods. However, this consideration opens up the whole question of protection or free traded which, cannot  be discussed here. It has been mentioned only  to show that even high tariff walls are not sufficient to protect the productive activities of any  part of the world reached by steam transportation against the encroachments of similar activities elsewhere.  ^And within a nation there is not even this  protection for little industries against big ones.  Yet it may be very decidedly to the advantage  of the community in which these little industries  are striving to develop, to have them protected.  Their pay rolls are highly important.to the general business of the community.    They increase  population  and prosperity.     So  it is that  in  many sections, as well as in some nations,-we see  movements to build up in the minds of consumers  '' a wall against articles produced at' a distance'  which compete with the products of the home  manufacturers or. other' producers;    ' Germany, "  now war-mad, but undoubtedly very sane in the  matter   of   industrial   development,   started a  movement of this kind for German goods-nearly a quarter of a century ago, and, judging from  the aggressive way it has been continued, has .  found it extremely useful.    A number of years  ago Lady Aberdeen and others became" active"  in Ireland along similar lines, and this work is  said to have been ah important factor in bringing to Ireland a new era of prosperity. Australia aims to be as "self-contained" as, possible, .  ��������� that is, to keep her markets for her own products.     Japan  encourages the  importation : of  articles only until her own manufacturers have  Vjearned to make such articles.     Within a few  Vdayst&c Vancouver newspapers have announced  tifiateyeh  China is now sufficiently awake to  'jiegin^tp "talk about Chinese goods for the Chinese. A;^Made in America" movement is taking  - a- strong hold in the United States, and in numerous States, especially in the new 'industrial  sections of the West, there are organizations of  consumers to protect their local industries  against the aggressions of the^ much older and  stronger industries in the east.  k,..J. In British Columbia, a few months ago, a  movement for protecting the home market for  home producers was started, and it has gained  much publicity and endorsement. Mr. W. ;E.  Scott, Deputy Minister of. Agriculture, addressed a meeting of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, which is behind the movement, and in-.  , formed his bearers that $25,000,000 a year was  sent out of British Columbia for agricultural products, and that $22,000,000 of this was for articles such as are grown here, in other words, this  $22,000,000 a year might be kept in local circula-  ��������� tion.' ...    VV;.... V ;'V..  ��������� .������������������ 'vX  It is estimated that at least $20,000,000 a year  leaves the province, for manufactured goods of  kinds made here.X This makes a total of oveir  $40)000,000 a year whiehivtbeor^ically, might be  retained in our own channels 'blEfcirculation, but  which is sent away.' v Theoryand practice are,  of course, quite different, but there, is no doubt  that a very substantial part of this great sum  could be held here- if> consumers and retailers  would make a general practice of giving the preference to B. C. articles in all cases where these -  met outside competition; in quality and price.  f      The British Columbia Consumers' League is  endeavoring to arouse consumers and retailers  to give this payrolls^ more employment andrii6re':;  prosperity in the province.    It has been announced by the League that they have the signatures of over five thousand persons to pledges'  tc give the preference, price and quality being  equal, to B. C; products, and expect to have ten-=  thousand such signatures before the end of this-;  year.    The aim is to keep these consumers con-'  stantly reminded of. their pledge, and^the import-.;  ahce of living up to- it, by means' of newspaper'  and  other  forms Jot puWicit*f. ; vTbrbugh the;  women's institutes-^farraers'-institutes, agricul- i  tural and fruit growers'associations, the^^ movement has been made;'prpyince-wide> and manufacturers and fruit growers are finding that the I  attitude toward B- C. products has become, since  spring, more favorable than ever before.  WNOOWS APVIOB TO JOWK  ABRAHAM LINCOLN knew hwds^X^nceJa^L  ^X^bis:poverty^days^h<Ttried to keep a store.  He bought it with notes and sold on credit, ;.  and very soon the store, to use his words, ;;  "winked out." His creditors seized his horse,, J  saddle and bridle and sold them under a sheriff's  execution. A friend bought them in and Lin- ���������  coin paid back every penny. He learned finance V  from hard experience.  When he made money he helped his iamily.  One member was John, a stepbrother. John was  the kind of farmer who wanted always to be -  selling out and moving. Abraham had helped  him> but the time came when the strong word  liad to be spoken, and it has been preserved in a  letter full of common sense."'.In this letter  Abraham writes to John:  I learned that you are anxious to sell the  land where you live and move to Missouri. I  cannot but think such a notion is utterly foolish. What can you do in Missouri better than  here"? Is the land any richer? 'Can you there,  any more than here, raise corn and wheat and  oats without work ? If you intend to go to work,  there is- no better place than right where you  are; if you do not intend to go to work, you  cannot get along anywhere. Squirming and crawling from place to place can do no good. You '  have raised no crop this . year, and what you  really want is tp sell the land, get the money and  spend it. Part with the land you have, and,  my life upon it, you will never after own a  spot big enoUgh to bury you in.  -X'Xi-  XThe French government, it is officially announced, will soon ?dsBney a large loan.  Philadelphia and. Boston are completing the '  arrangements- for  the^vplay-off for the world's  championship baseball honors in New York today.  The CMSdian^Assbcration of Amateur Oors-   .  men reports that 754 of an active membership  of 1301 haye enlisted for active service.  It is 'asserted unxiSienna that 115,000 VSritish,  Australian .and-Ftendh troops have arrivied at-  the Island of Mudros. and that the total number of allied troops how on the Gallipoli Peninsula is 350,000, which is regarded as sufficient  to  carry the positions.  , ^rV*-*-'--.^������������i'( ' -��������� -.-'   '       -   "'    '      '    V'    ''-   -"'���������   " .' Jm&  ���������^c^f^i^^x���������. v~;  " -~*^*r rs. V'i -- ���������  ft.     Friday, October, 1, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  CORRESPONDENCE  > Luxuries   and Socks .  Editor Western Call:  In a recent letter to the Province I maintained that the tobacco habit was essentially, bad  and the use of cigarettes indefensible; that the slaves to^the  habit at the front could get/-all  tbey craved; and that the effort  to send them large gifts of "the  weed" was by no means the best  way to help them..Notwithstand*-  ing the fact of considerable conf-  ment, I had decided not to say  more; I have never taken tmy  stand as a public anti-tobacconist,  and, besides, not one of the above  views has been seriously challenged. But, having put my hand.to  the plow* I come just once again.  In the strictures made, the only  thing that really hurt was that  what I said about my son, naturally expressed in as strong language as I could stand by���������and'1  do stand by it���������-should have been  so much exaggerated in referring  to it. But most people will see  through that,''so'.-1 leave it with a  quotation from a recent lay co-respondent to the Montreal Witness: "It is^wearing on the nerves  of those whose boys have gone  forward from homes where tobacco has been discountenanced  to think that, if spared to return,  they are likely to have acquired  a lifelong habit of indulgence in  this which is both disgusting and  degrading." ^  The suggestion that there is no  " 'backy" store at the firing-line  is, I presume, top transparently  thin to catch any but the most  unwary; there are no meat shops  either, but fancy Tommy Atkins  going without beef!  As to the "comfort" derived  from their "smokes" by those  who cannot easily shake off the  desire���������generally admitted to be  thoughtlessly acquired when  boys���������there is no doubt; and nobody, perhaps, would try to reform them in the trenches ���������  though many a man there would  find "comfort" also in. daily  draughts of whiskey, and some  declare that to be the thing they  valued most. Suppose somebody  start a Soldiers' Whiskey Fund?  We are told that the Province  tobacco fund is part of a large  movement arranged by the British Overseas Club, through the  medium and with the assistance  of a score or more of the leading  newspapers of the' Empire."  Surely/if the number of such papers were a hundred, or even not  extra-Canadian, that - would furnish absolutely no reason for taking up a cause that cannot stand  on its own merits.  :;;At .the very best, tobacco is a  luxury, and this is certainly no  times for luxuries���������at least for  us at home. If the soldiers must  have it free, then, as a lady has  suggested, let the home users  quit���������"during the war" ��������� and  send the packages ordinarily purchased for themselves to the  front. So the home chocolate-users, might now well send their  chocolates away,.an'd the joy-riders the money usually spent on  their, rides; so that even the good  may not be enemy of the best.  And what is the best? For a  long while past, and I think  eyen. now,- the' plain, commonplace thing called socks. And I  must say that I feel a thrill of  pride in and admiration for those  women and girls who, in street  cars, at public functions) and on  every, possible occasion are seen  plying the knitfeng needle. Let  me suggest thftt we men also  learn to knit, the better to fill in  the time we have to engage our  fellows in periods of- conversation  and allowVmore of the women to  turn their attention to various  other common but indispensable  articles of wear and covering  which require knowledge too expert foi* us, and are soon to be  in pressing demand. Many a man  unemployed at home, or V who  never reads even a newspaper  while in the^ street car,; could do  fine work with the gray yarn in  either place. At any rate, if, as  seems probable, we have to face  another European winter campaign, it will certainly tax our  resources to the very utmost to  meet the need and suffering, far  and near, and that should bring  our economy and efficiency to the  finest of fine arts, and lead everybody to "do his bit. "Not gerat  giving only, but the most heroic  giving up. The latter in order to  the former.  Yours truly*  VTM. ELLIOTT.  Sept. 29, 1915.  CORRESPONDENCE  Editor Western  Call:  I have read with interest-the  remarks made by the Rev. Ernest Thomas on the "Crisis in B.  C," in your last issue. He sums  up exactly what myself and others have .thought. I have been  here for five years and 'have  heard many sermons preached,  but not one raised in condemna^  tion of the gambling spirit.' We  call this a holy war, and yet we:  find fortune wheels in shop windows and raffling taking place  for patriotic movements; and we  call on "the Lord to help us."  Nothing -but mockery, I reply.  Religion can prevent crisis, but  the clarion note has to be Sounded not from pamphlets, but' from  the living word. We too. often  hear subjects preached apart  from. Bible narratives, and "the  seed is sown only on the rocks."  J believe that far more good could  be realized tio preach on the  streets of this or any other city  where men, are not only rejects  ing an earthly king,,but the;  "King of Kings" J than to talk-  in some hall to a large audience  in another district.  R. JAMES*  .P. 0. Box 176.  ; Vancouver; B. CX  KIER HARDIE DEAD  Great industrial concerns are  forwarding a vast business*war  on alcohol.  James Keir Hardie died from  pneumonia'in a nursery at; Glasgow on Sunday. He was a labor  member in parliament and the  leader of the peace element in the  British Socialist Party. J V  The death of. James Keir:Harn  die has removed a picturesque  figure, a unique; personality from  British public life. In this time  Of war, when ��������� British sentiment  is in favor of beating the en-;  emy���������to use Roosevelt's expression, "to a frazzle"���������the'leader  of the peace element' in the Socialist party was looked upon by  the patriotic Briton as "a bold,  bad man"���������but Kier Hardie had  talent, courage,'a force of home  ly, vigorous expression and some  rugged virtue.'He will "be missed"���������and one is inclined, to say  we could "have better spared a  better man." James Keir Hardie,  while chairman of the1 Independent Labor Party, did, some excellent work. His. proposals were not  always practical, but his' manner of advocating them, the ar-  guments he put 'forward, sometimes made the people "furiously for to think "-r-^and the result"  was the achievement, not of fulfilment of his wild schemes, out  a compromise which meant very  tangible reform. It was to his  credit that Keir'Hardie ��������� the  " James"Q was always'dropped���������  attained the, honorable ambition  of. a British M. P., for he was  handicapped by what Bulwer  Lytton called "low birth and  iron fortune." He was the son  of Scotch working-class parents.  He ' worked in the mines from  his seventh "to his twenty-fourth  year, and the,education he had���������  the, knowledge he acquired���������and  he knew much of n\ent women,  books and events���������was the result of hard. study and much  burning of the midnight oil. He  was even at a time when his services could have commanded ample;financial remuneration a man  of v<ery simple tastes. For years  he ��������� lived in a little old world  icourt-^-Neyills Court, Fleet street  '^ahit of rural London still existing near the turmoil of Fleet  street, and there with his piles  of books, his flowers and his canary, he /would discuss the meaning of a line in a sonnet with  apparently more relish than he  denounced the power and expense of royalty and the aristocracy or "the wrongs of labor."  Kier Hardie was elected M. P.  for Merthyr Tydyil in 1900. His  furry capX-the only head-gear of  its kind in the House of Commons  ���������wa$, like the pea-jacket of  John Burns, an innovation, at  first resented, then tolerated, ahd  afterwards imitated by those who  liked " comfort.'' Kier Hardie  held many official positions in the  labor party. He was a power in  labor journalism. He fought many  gpod political fights in places like  Mid-Lanard and S. W. Ham (the.  latter a London constituency)'  and- his social work for temperance, etc.,-was of perhaps more  value, than his political propaganda. His visit' to India created  some adverse comment, but he  was credited by many with good  intentions, although his methods  were condemned. He founded the  Labor Leader, he wrote much  Worth reading. He loved books  and it will be surprising if his  industry in,collecting old ballads  and chap books has not caused  bim to leave behind a collection  -��������� j  "What Fine Bread!  Mrs. Brown.  jj  R  O  Y  A  L  S  T  A  N  D-  A  R  D  "Yes, I'm pretty proud of it, Mrs, Jones;  It's the first batch I've had turn out that,  way for I don't know how long.", But 1  have the secret now, Mrs. Jones."  "And what is that?"     :  "It's the flour I use���������E&OYAL STANDARD FLOUR���������made right here in British Columbia���������the finest , bread flour I  ever used. Makes the largest, cleanest  loaves I ever baked, and the firmest, best  knitted whitest bread. But stay and  have tea with me and- I'll give you some  of my ROYAL STANDARD BREAD,  and I '11 wager you will insist ever after  on getting this pure, clean flour at your  grocery; store���������they all carry it, you  sknow, and it doesn't cost any more."   '  Vancouver Milling ft Grain Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  CHAS. OHAPUN'S DELIGHT  x "Nutty  Bat flirt" ]        A  A delicious combination of pure, velvet'lee Cream, Chopped Nuts .and  v X Fruits,, 15  cents.  THAT NEW STORE ^  187 Broadway E. Lee Building       v Near Vain  Boxes and Tables for the Ladies  of great value to the student of  Scottish literature. There, was  one man, who, from the/'bookish" point of view, had much regard for Kier Hardie, and that  was Andrew Lang, who knew  more about Scottish history than  any man since Sir Walter Scott.  THE WAR AND  IMMIGRATION  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Barriitera and Solicitors -  Clive Pringle. N. O. Guthrie.   ���������  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway CommiMionera  Mr. Clive Pringle ia a member of th*  Bar of British ColnmbU.  Oitisea JtafidUift Ottawa, ,  sf=  the AVHY of those who EAT ONLY  Vancouver's FINEST fcltEAP?  U  ii  ������  n  ur-  THESE TWO BRANDS STAND FOR  PURITY!  QUAWTYl  QUANTITY!  OUSANLINBSS!  Bach loaf weighs ONE FU.LL POUND!  Wratfeg and "SeaJed-at^e-Ooen"  ��������� ���������.���������;' .vUO'-'-  HAMPTON-PINCHIN  "/X';";!' -' Bakara of BETTEB Bread  Tki:iyrm6nt443 Tel. F.airmont 1013   i  ���������'.:.-.!.��������� ��������� = .!;���������  'fii^   -y:;;.  JIOTB���������"The Storyof BETTER1 Bread ha* created a situation anions the housewives of  tjiis community.    Have you'"re4dK; ys*7  _.-. i~ X *'���������-''  -oil ^-.XI &a..-~  :i:i"\.i?1L-'!    ���������'-���������'  For years the . restrictionists  have soughtto have a law placed  on the statute books which would  cut dow nimmigration. What they  have been unable to accomplish  'themselves, the war has done for  them. In the years 1913 and 1914  the totals of aliens admitted to  the United States were 1,427,227  and 1,403,081 respectively, and  the gains in; alien -population, after deducting the numbers of  those who returned to Europe; or  elsewhere, were 815;303 and 769,-  276. The increase in alien population in the course of the immigration year which ended June .30th  was 50,070. The number of aliens  who were admitted was 434,244,  while the number who left was  384.174. The most drastic restrictive legislation, could not have  cut down the flow as the war has  done. X  ^ ^Netnrmly "has" tbexvaf"fulfilled  the desires of the restrictionists  in respect to * a wholesale reduction in numbers, but also in respect to the racial character of  the immigrants. The restrictionists have argued that those from  central and southern Europe were  undesirable because they were  not closely allied in blood with  the original settlers of the country, and because their political  institutions and social habits were  different. One of. the results of  the war has been that the majority in 1914-1915 came from  the countries fronting on the  North Sea and the Atlantic  ocean. Of the large number who  went borne, in many cases to join  the colors of their respective  countries, by far the larger proportion were of the class of so-  called undesirable nationalities.  The period of reduced immigration is likely to continue more  than a year, and the indications  are that it may last for three or  four years. It is not generally believed that peace ^will be concluded within a year. Following the  war there will be much constructive work to be done in' all parts  of-Europe. It can be said with  'confidence that the countries now  at war, or which become involved, will hot encourage emigration.  Some of them, oh the other hand,  will do what "they* can to discourage it. This will l)e particularly  true of lands where industry hhs  been built up on' a considerable;  scale. Some governments will not,'  of course, be in so good a position to interfere *s others, owing1  to the freedom of movement guaranteed by the * laws or customs/  MOK!  QCCQ  Fighting for the salvation of the  Fatherland stimulates patriotic  feeling. Poubtless this will play  some part in retarding emigration.' X X -X .  It is .evident, also, that the war  is rapidly depleting the ranks of  those who emigrate. These are the  men under forty-five years of age.  The stupendous casualty lists suggest that there will be many in  thisVclass-who^-because-of physical or mental disabilities, will be  unable to meet tbe requirements  of our immigration law regarding capacity to earn a livelihood*  and mental soundness.  With a much smaller immigration we shall have ah opportunity  to study the social and economic  effects of restriction without committing ourselves to the policy.  We have knowledge based on experience of the results of a large  immigration. By permitting proposed legislation to lie upon the  table for a while we shall be enabled to decide upon our future  policy with greater knowledge at  our command.���������Scientific American.  Ex-President Rosevelt has gone  on a hunting trip into the wilds  of the province of Quebec  '      .    r. ;���������������������������������  Alberta's wheat crop is valued  at $20,00,000.  The British parliament voted  $1.2504000,000 as an additional  war credit.  The county of Bruce, Ont., will  contribute $4,000 for war purposes. Frontenac will. give $500  a month. X  Baron von Bissing, half-brother  of General von Bissing, .German-  military, governor    of   Belgium, -  and ^a   naturalized   British   subject, -after  fighting for .months   .--.  for*, his 'liberty, has been internedv  at London. v i        x  In return "for Germany's con--  sent to.permit the exportation of.  coal and some other ��������� specified  items' to ���������*" Sweden, five Swedish  banks ,have agreed to make Germany a-lban of 40,000,000 kroner  (abou^$*^^00X)00) io be used in  jiaymM^'for goods bought in  Sweden-byGermainy.  *' . f t X ' . '���������  ' * V     -"' *������'  '::rHilker,,:& Son. open up to^mor-. .-*���������  row morning with a great sale  of dry goods.. See the yellow posters for particulars.  ������1 Friday, October 1, 1915.  |\  **> -  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, October 2.  Pale   .amber sunlight falls   across  ���������    The  reddening October  trees,  That hardly sway before a breeze  As soft as Summer:   Summer's  loss  Seems little, dear!   ou days like these!  1 ���������Ernest   Dowson.  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Fish and Potato  Hash.  Corn Bread. Coffee.  Dinner���������Julienne Soup. Baked S.ausages.  Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Beets. String Bean  Salad. Green Tomato Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Baked Beans. Steamed Brown Bread.  Preserved Pears. Cookies. Tea.  Green Tomato Mincemeat  Four quarts of green tomatoes, four quarts  of apples, four pounds of brown sugar, two  pounds of raisins, one pound of dried currants,  one-half pound of finely chopped beef suet, one  cupful of boiled cider, one tablespoonful of beef  extract dissolved in one cupful of boiling water,  two cupfuls of chopped English walnut meats,  two tablespoonfuls each of salt and cinnamon,  one tablespoonful of nutmeg, one-half tablespoonful of cloves and a dash of cayenne. Chop the  tomatoes iand apples before measuring. Pour  boiling water over the tomatoes, simmer twenty  minutes- then drain, add the other ingredients  and cook Slowly for one hour. Seal in glass jars.  Supper���������Scalloped Eggs and Potatoes. Olives.  Yeast Rolls. Stewed Pears with Barberries. Ginger Wafers. Tea.  Caramel Bread Pudding  Put one-half cupful of granulated sugar' and  two tablespoonfuls of water in a granite sauce  pan, stir over the fire until the sugar melts, then  cook without stirring until brown. Add gradually  one quart of scalded milk and when well blended, add two cupfuls of stale bread crumbs and  let soak half an hour. Beat two eggs, add three-  quarters of. a cupful of' sugar, one-half'teaspoon*  ful of salt and two teaspoonfuls of vanilla; combine with the first mixture, turn into a buttered  baking dish, bake about one hour in a moderate  oven and serve with cream.  Sunday, October 3  The hilly interpret heavenly mysteries,  The mysteries of Light���������an open book  Of Revelation, see, its leaves unfold  With crimson borderings, and lines of gold!  ���������Lucy   Larcom.  Breakfast ��������� Concord Grapes. Cereal with  Cream. Poached Eggs on Cream Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Oyster Soupj. Crackers. Celery. Roast  Duck, Olive Sauce. Mashed Sweet Potatoes.  Glazed Turnips. Dressed Lettuce. Pineapple  Frappe. Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Tomato Rarebit. Buttered Toast. Sliced Peaches. Sponge Cakes. Tea.  Pineapple Frappe  - Make a syrup by boiling two cupfuls of water and one and one-half cupfuls of sugar for  fifteen minutes. Add the juice of three lemons  and one pineapple shredded; cool, strain, add  two cupfuls of cold waterVand freeze to a mush,  using equal parts of ice and salt.  Monday, October 4th  "The Boft and muffled sounds of full-leafed summer  'Are sharpened now as sounding boards are bared,  Obstructions  cleared; and  wild,  precarious  life  Must be alert, its winter stores to  garner."  Braakfast���������Pears. Hominy and Cream. Plain  Omelet, popovers. Coffee.  Djjwer���������Rice Soup. Broiled Ham.' Baked Po-.  tatoes. Succotash. Spinach with French Dressing. Apple Pie. Cheese. Coffee.  Sapper���������Salmi of Duck. Cweet Potato Croquettes. Baking Powder Biscuits. Sliced Oranges.  Tea.  Salmi of Duck;  Melt three tablespoonfuls of butter, stir in  one tablespoonful of chopped ham and one-half  tablespoonful -each of chopped onion, celery,  sweet pepper and parsley, sprinkle with one  tablespoonful of flour and stir and cook three  minutes, then add one and one-half cupfuls of  stock, two cloves, a blade of. mace and one-half  teaspoonful of salt and let simmer one hour.   Strain*-add-two cupfuls of cold duck, heat thoroughly ahd serve with triangles of toasted or  fried bread.  Tuesday, October 6th  On the grass-land, on the fallow,  Drop the apples, ted and yellow;  Drop the  russet pears  and  mellow,  Drop the red leaves all the day.  ���������John Greenleaf Whittier.  Breakfast���������Grapefruit. Frizzled Smoked Beef.  Waffles with Maple Syrup. Coffee.  Pinner���������Mock Bisque Soup. Croutons. Salmon  Loaf. Hollandaise Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Peas.  Cabbage and Celery Salad. Caramel Bread Pudding. Coffee.  Wednesday, October 6th  Near where yon  rocks tho stream inurn  The lonely gentian blossoms, still,  Still wave the star-flower and the fern  O'er the soft'outline of the hill.  ��������� ���������Sarah  Helen  Whitman.  Breakfast���������Stewed Figs.   Cereal with Cream.  Shirred Eggs? Corn Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cream of Pea'Soup. Broiled Chops.  Turkish  Pilaf.   String Beans.   Banana   Fritters.  Lemon Sauce. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee.  .   Supper-���������Crisped    Bacon.    Baked    Potatoes.  Buttered Toast. Raisin Loaf Cake.  Tea.  Raisin Loaf Cake ;  ��������� Cream one-half cupful of butter with one and  .one-half cupfuls-of sugar, add one cupful of  seeded raisins cut in halves and mix thoroughly,  then add two beaten eggs. ; Mix and sift two  cupfuls of flour with three teaspoonfuls of baking powder and add to the first mixture alter-,  nately with one cupful of sweet milk. Flavor with  one teaspoonful of lemon extract and bake in a  loaf about one  hour.  THE KAISEB'S DEEAM  Thursday, October 7.  '' I can find treasure in the leafy, showers,  Which in the merry autumn time will fall;  And I can find strong love, in buds and flowers,  And beauty in the moonlight's silent hours.    l  There's nothing nature gives can fail to please,  For there's a common joy pervading-.all."  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. French Toast.  Grape Marmalade. Doughnuts. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato Soup. Beefsteak with Fried  Onions. Mashed Potatoes. Cress and Radish Salad. Apple Turnovers. Coffee.  Supper���������Devilled Kidneys. Steamed Hominy.  Tea Biscuits. Rolled Jelly Cake. Tea.  Devilled Kidneys  Parboil, draim wipe and slice the kidneys.  Mix together three tablespoonfuls of olive oil,  one tablespoonful of vinegar, one teaspoonful of  mustard, one-half teaspoonful of chopped parsley  one-quarter of a teaspoonful of salt and a dash  of cayenne. Dip the sliced kidneys, in this dressing, then roll in fine crumbs and fry to a golden  brown.  Friday, October 8.  It is idleness that creates impossibilities; -and where  men care not to do a thing, they shelter themselves under a persuasion that it cannot be done.  ���������South., ���������  Breakfast'��������� Oranges. Cereal   with  Cream.  Baked Eggs. Oatmeal Muffins. Coffee.    X  Dinner���������Cream of Corn Soup. Croutons. Fried  Fillet of Flounder^,J?^1^^Us.jGis������n Pepper,  and Cream CHt-ese Salad. Pineapple Ice. Wafers.  Coffee.    X X.X'X X- X X        -���������  Supper���������Baked Tomatoes au Gratin. Buttered Toast. Stewed Pears. Sugar Cookies. Tea.  Baked Potatoes au Gratin  Peel six large ripe tomatoes, cut in quarters  lengthwise, place in a buttered baking dish and  sprinkle with one tablespoonful of flour thoroughly mixed with one tablespoonful of sugar  and one teaspoonful of salt.. Chop finely one  peeled onion, one seeded green pepper, and one  stalk of celery, distribute evenly over the tomatoes, cover with a cupful of bread crumbs, pour  in one-quarter of a cupful of cream, dot generously with bits of butter, bake covered for half  au hour, then uncover and bake until brown.  There's a "story  now  current,   though  strange it may seem,  Of the great Kaiser Bill, and a wonderful dream,  Being tired pf the Allies, he lay down  in bed,  And, amongst other things, he dreamt  he  was  dead,  And in a fine coffin was lying in state,  With a  guard of brave Belgians who  mourned for his fate, _  He wasn't long dead till he found to  his   cost,  That his soul, like his soldiers, would  ere long be lost.  /  On leaving this earth,  to 'heaven   he  wont straight,  Arriving up there,"gave a knock at the  gato,  But   St.  Peter looked   out,  and,  in   a  voice loud and  clear,  Said, "Begone, Kaiser Bill, we don't  want you he-re,"  "Well," said the Kaiser, "that's rather uncivil,"  So   he  turued  on  his  heel and  away  he   did go  At the top of his speed to the regions  below, ���������  But  when he got  there ho  was  filled  with dismay,  For, while  waiting  outside,  ho  heard  Old Nick say  To his imps, ".Now, look here, boys, I  give you. all warning,   ��������� ���������  I'm   expecting  the   Kaiser down here  in   the   morning;  But  don't  let him in,  for to  me it's  .  quite clear  He's a very bad man, and we don't  want   him here.  If once re gets in there'll be no end  of quarrels,  In  fact, I'm afraid he'll  corrupt our  good  morals."  "Oh, Satan, dear friend," the SKaiser  then cried,  "Excuse me for listening while waiting outside;  If   you don't   admit   me,   say,   where  can I go?"  "Indeed," said the   Devil,  "I   really  don't know."  '' Oh, do let me in, I am feeling quite  cold,  And if you want money, I've  plenty  of gold,  "No, no," said the Devil, "most certainly not.  We don't admit folks here for riches  or pelf,  Here are sulphur and  matches, make  a hell for yourself."  Then he kicked Wilhelm out,  and  he  vanished in smoke,  And  just at  that moment the Kaiser  awoke,  He jumped out of bed in a shivering  sweat, -  And said, "Well,   that's   a dream   I  shall never forget,  That  I won't go to  heaven I  know  very well,'  But it's really too bad to be kicked  out of hell.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  TIRES WORTH $260,000,000  According to the manufacturing plans of the thirty large rubber-tire companies in the United  States, their 0-rftput during the  present calendar year will exceed  11,000,000 tires, of an average  value of $20 at retail: The remaining smaller "companies, supplying  local-trade-onlyp produce about  about 1,000,000 tires in twelve  .months, worth $18 to $22 a piece.  The total value of tires used in  1915, including solid tires for  trucks, tires for buses and taxi-  cabs, amount therefore to $250,-  000,000 in round numbers. To this  sum should be added about 200,-  000 motorcycle tires, worth from  $5 to $10 each.  RADIUM IN SEA WATER  JINGLE POT  COAL  "LASTS LONGER"  Let us put in your winter's supply.  Lump ............................. ������j>o.ou  Nut  5.50  Lower Than Ever Before  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company)  Sey. 5408-5409  JAPAN RUSHES  TIRE MANUFACTURE  Japanese rubber factories are  working at top speed at present  endeavoring to capture the Far  Eastern market, before the British and German manufacturers  can again become competitors.  Heretofore, American manufacturers have been too busy in the  home market to bother about establishing a market for their  tires in Asia and Australia,, and  unless steps are taken along  these lines in the immediate future* they will find the market  pre-empted by the Japanese. Japan imported about 2,500,000 lbs.  of rubber in 1913 and 1914, while  in the previous years only about  2,000,000 lbs. were used annually.  The capital invested in the 'in-,  dustry is $2,50O,000V andXthe  workingmen number about 4,000r  War is the most futile and  ferocious of human follies.-^-John  Hay.. ���������-������������������.      ;.'���������  Prof. Stewart j. Lloyd, of the  University of Alabama, has recently published the results of an  examination for radium of a sample of. water obtained in the Gulf  of Mexico, about 200 miles south  of Mobile, and has given in this  connection a resume of the re  suits obtained by other inves  tigators in measuring the ra  dium content of sea water.  The writer explains that the  growing recognition of radium as  an important factor in geological processes has led to many  analyses of rocks, soils* springs  and river waters for that cle  ment, while our greatest reser  voir of radium; the ocean, lias received but little attention. Joly,  who examined samples from several oceans and seas, obtained a  value for the radium content so  high that it cannot be reconciled with the values obtained by  Eye and Satterly for the North  Atlantic, and Lloyd for the Gulf  of Mexico. Excluding Joly's results, the.-'author finds the average to be 1.2x10.12 gramme of  radium per litor of sea water,  whieh would make the total radium content of the ocean about  1,400 tons. ���������;..:..-..:  printing is more  able to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to  tect the slightest ii  cation of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers'attention not  only in connection  ^fi-jce  tionery, but with all  printed matter and  isiiw.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES .  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAHt 1140        203 KINGSWAY V  '        , *���������'    4 -4    ''    '* \, 4  Jr. -     1  I"  ii      Friday, October, If 1915.  -, ���������������< -v,   -'I  i - ^  i  - -,x  < X   '    ,  Rv  SPORTING COMMENT  The probability seems now. in  favor of a Minto Cup series on  the coast after all this year. The  Nationals, of Montreal,, won the  eastern title in the second game  in Toronto on Saturday last. The  second game resulted iij a win  for the Toronto team* but as the  majority of goals were to count,  the" honors went to the Montreal  team. The-score in Toronto was  ]0 to 7, but the score the previous game was 16 to 10, so that  the Frenchmen won out. Presi-,  dent Caron, of the Nationals, is  reported as saying, "For many  years the Nationals have been represented by a strong team in the  highest lacrosse circles of the  east, but never by one the equal  of the team which has just: won  the championship. I believe the  time is auspicious to bring the  world's championship back to the  east; and I expect to take the  team west to play off for the title with New Westminster as soon  as proper arrangements can be  made." Well, old boy, come  right along, and hurry.  ������   * -*  Since the above announcement  the Minto cup holders have been  brushing up a bit in expectation.  A mid-week report had it that the  easterners wanted the games plaiy-  ed in Vancouver under eastern  officials. Just imagine the Royals standing for that.   However,  there is one thing to be said in  favor of eastern officials. We  have not seen any eastern official  perform for some time, but certainly they would not have a hard  job putting up a better showing  than some of tbe men who have  handled the games on the coast  in recent years. When Joe Lally  was out this way officiating at a  Minto cup game* there was some  real refereeing, but, alas, there is  no chance for Joe coming, he is in  bad with the coast fans just now.  The other proposition of playing  the games in Vancouver would be  welcomed by Vancouveritesj and  it would certainly be in favor of  the easterners if the games were  staged here. To either of these  proposals, however, the Royals  are most assuredly to turn the  deaf ear. After all, they prize  the silverware over there more  than the dollars (so,-it seems),  but one never can tell what the  managers of the teams might arrange in the form of a Minto  cup series. One thing is sure, the  games in Westminster will not  be largely patronized. Any team  which can pull down only a gate  of a few dollars in mid-season  form, "will hardiy do very much  better in a post-season' series.  ���������   ���������   ���������  - From the standpoint of-finances,  then it would be in the interests  of New Westminster to stage the  A Safe Investment���������B0NDS  ".No safer form of investment can he suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record ia unique in that  Onr list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 par cent, yield, and foil  practically no default haa ever, taken place in their payment." '  particulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. Enquiries  invited.   '        ,   /  OBPBBLEY, ROTJNSBFELL ft CO., LXMITBD  Established 1886  Molson's Bank Building. MS Haattnga St Wart  investment*. ' Loaaa. Insurance  BANBURY'S  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOP & COAL  Pfcoae: ������ayview J075  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD-  i&w^ircsjsits a������a s-sresmw^Bs  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Pocked, painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, 3. C.  games at Athletic Park under the  advertising genius of all lacrosse  ���������Con Jones.  ��������� ���������   ���������  A word of warning to the boys  from the banks of. the Fraser  is in order. Don't take the easterners too lightly. This may be  just the time they have something  to uncork, and with a few like  Newsy Lalonde the red, shirt defence   is  not   impregnable   any  more.  ��������� ���������   *  Lester Patrick was in town  from Victoria this week attending a conference of the hockey  moguls of the coast league^ He  says there is a chance of the Capitals not being represented in the  league this year. Money is tight,  and the .enthusiasm of the fans  seems to be wavering just how.  The affairs of the empire are having their effect on the sporting  enthusiasm of Victorians* and on  that account Manager Patrick is  considering the advisability of  staying out of the league until  the war is over. Vancouver and  Portland are sure starters, however, and "with the rapid construction being made on the Seattle rink, there is sure to be a,  three-team circuit. No doubt the  fans of Victoria will wake up a  little between now and hockey  season, and in that case there will  be a four-team league, something  to be desired out.here to keep  the game going. War time and all  we like the game too much to see  it dropped. Let the single men  line up- for the front, but there  are plenty of married men who  have abundance of hockey ability in them yet for a few seasons.  ��������� *   ���������  National Biscuits won the Taylor cup oh Saturday last when  they defeated Snider & Brethour  in the second game of the series,  the score being 6 runs to 5. The  Biscuits won the first game the  previous week.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Coquitlam, thrice champions in  soccer circles, are slipping fast.  Already this year they have suffered defeat on two occasions at  home, - which seems to spell the  beginning of the end. The men  from the railway town are growing old in the game, regular  "moss-backs some of,them, so it  is really time youth and speed  was .asserting itself in soccer circles. With the Coquitlam team  it is only the inevitable..  ��������� ���������   *  Lovers of the fistic art are  whining in many quarters over  the Gibbons-McFarland fiasco in  New York a few weeks ago. The  fight game in the United States  is very much like all other games  the Yankees play, faked, in large  letters. What the American people seem to need inside and outside as a nation is a good coat of  "sincerity." Well applied in the  homes, and the schools and all  over the republic, it should have  a- salutary effect on the methods  used in promoting ventures such  as the one above noted. Here we  have a case of two scientific boxr  ersigoing- ten,rounds no-decision  for the sum of approximately  $20,000 apiece. No wonder ithe  fans were sore at the affair, it  seems to be a shame to take the  money, but to use one of their  own street phrases, "We should  worry."  "���������������������������.���������** .-**���������"**  '.*���������-'  Listen to this from Detroit:  "Bat Nelson is out gunning for  Freddie Welsh and the lightweight title. Ever since the proposed bout between the two was  stopped by officials at Havana,  Bat says he's been on .the champion's heels, but says he can get  no satisfaction from the belt holder.' Just let Nelson or any of  the other Yankee lightweight get  inside the ropes with Welsh and  they will get all the satisfaction  that is coming to them.  ���������   ������   ���������  The league race in the baseball  series is drawing close to the  finish. Philadelphia have the National league cinched now, and  Boston has practically the same  with the American league. And  then will come the test. We  in Canada haye always taken a  keen interest in the world's series in baseball, and this year will  be no exception. We see fit to  play the national game of the  nation to the south, and why  shouldn't we be interested. Thus  it is an even bet who will win.  Philadelphia, depends entirely on  their one man. Alexander* the  greatest pitcher in the game today, so they say. He is the one  best bet of the Quakers, and if  he fails the chances are cut 50  per cent. The Boston team has  been through a world's series already, two years ago against New  York, and many of the members  of that team are still with the  Red Sox. Our point of view leads  us to overwhelmingly favor the  Boston team. They have four  great pitchers, and a splendid infield. What more do they need?  The hitting ability of the Philadelphia team is not outstanding,  and they will have difficulty getting the sphere into centre field.  However, the dope seldom proves  true.  NAVIGABLE    WATEK8  ION. ACT  PBOTBCT-  In the Matter of the Navigable Wat*  en Protection Act, Beviaed Statutes  of Canada 1908, Chapter 116.  NOTICE ia hereby given that the  Shell Company, of California, Incorporated, has deposited with the Department of Public Worka at Ottawa a  plan showing the proponed wharf and  docks on the foreshore adjoining the  Easterly five hundred feet of Diatriet  Lot 215, Group 1, New Westminster  District, in the Province of British  Columbia, together with a description  of the proposed site, and haa deposited  a duplicate of such plan and description at the office of the Diatriet Begia-  trar of Titles at New Westminster,, in  the,; Province of British Columbia.  AND NOTICE IS PUBTHEB  GIVEN that, at the expiration of one  month after the first publication of this  notice in the Canada Gazette and in  two newspapers published in or sear  the locality of the said work, the Mid  Company will apply to the Governor-  in-Council for approval of the construction of tbe said proposed works.  DATED thia 4th day of September,  1915.  McDOUGAL   &   McINTYBE,  Solicitors for Shell Company of California, Inc.  SYNOPSIS   OP   GOAL   MINING  BEGULATIONS  HAVE THESE FACTS'  :   ANY SIGNIFICANCE?  WATER NOTICE  Absinthe has been prohibited in  Belgium, in Switzerland, in Holland and in France.  King Haakon, of Norway, closed the breweries on the outbreak  of war.  The people of Iceland have banished alcoholic beverages froin  their island.  The Czar lias broken the second serfdom of Russia with his  prohibition ukase.  . Many royal houses of Europe  now oppose social recognition of  the drink habit.  Germany has prohibited spirits  in military districts and cautions  its troops against all alcoholic  beverages.  Public men and patriots of  Great Britain denounce the liquor  traffic as the country's greatest  foe.  Eighteen states in America  have turned on "Old Bill Booze"  and other states are hastening towards the prohibition column.  A majority of the house of representatives of the United States  voted to submit a constitutional  amendment.  Not one public man of really  base himself to serve the oppon-  national leadership will now de-  ents of^prohibitionr -" ~"   Five hundred and fifty daily  newspapers have notified the  Temperance Society of the Methodist church that they now decline all liquor  advertising.  An investigation reveals that  the use of. alcohol as a medicine is  decreasing in more than nine-  tenths of the hospitals of leading  American cities.  (Diversion   (tnd   Use)  TAKE NOTICE that Isaac H. Larimer and Thomas M. Beamish, whose  address is 16 Hastings Street East,  "Vancouver, B. C, will apply for a license to take and use one and one-half  c.f.s. of water out of Frederick Creek  which flows North-westerly and drains  into Frederick Arm about one half  mile N. of S. W. Cor. of Lot 35. The  water will be diverted from the stream  at a point about one and one-half mile's  from the mouth, near center of South  boundary of T. L. 38729 and will be  used for fluming purpose upon the  lands described as. Lot 35, T. L.  38728 and T. L. 38729.    .  This notice was posted on the  ground on the 23rd day of August,  1915.  A copy of this Notice and an application pursuant thereto and to the  "Water Act, 1914," will be filed in  the office of the Water Becorder at  Vancouver, B. C.  Objections to the application may be  filed with the said Water Becorder or  with the Comptroller of Water Bights,  Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C.,  within thirty days after the first appearance of this notice in a local  newspaper.  The date of the first publication of  this notice is September 10th, 1915.  ISAAC H. LARIMER,  THOMAS  M. BEAMISH,  Applicants.    ���������  By C. J. Pfitzenmaier, Agent.  Coal mining rights of the Dentin-,  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and '  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in va portion of the province of British Colombia, mi\y be leased for a term, of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an aere. Not more than 8,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application   f0r   a   lease   must' be .  made by the applicant  in person to *  the Agent  or  Sub-Agent  of the /<i&  trict in which the rights applied tor  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land muat  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and; in on-  surveyed territory the tract applied.,  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application muat be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for ara*  not available, but not otherwise. ���������_  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating tbe mine ahall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tha  royalty thereon. If the eoal mining  rights are not being operated, aueh returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include tha eeal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever avail-'  able surface rights may be considered  necessary for tjie working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot*  the Department of the Interior. Ot*  tawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of tbe Interior.  NJ3.���������Unauthorized    publication    of  thiB advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  '<X  LAND ACT  Vancouver Land District, District of  Coast, Bange L  TAKE   NOTICE    that    Agnes    L.  Clark,    of     Vancouver,     occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following de-,���������  scribed lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Beserve No. 3, Blunden Harbour, thence 80 chains west,' thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline tojlm*  dian Beserve, thence north 80 chaina  to point of commencement.  Dated July 24th, 1915.  AGNES L.  CLARK,  B. O. Clark, Agent.*  PHONE SEYWOTJJt 9086  What a Savings  \. ��������� ��������� vx ���������>'���������**������������������ r >'  ���������JJ:SK';*'W:r^^^^  XX3X^XtxXX:->��������� :^;X XxXX^  ^xxIPSSK  ";:iX''>i'XXV/XXXXXX\XXX,;,:X X'XV^'XX'X'-S'-XC^  VXX*X   v'-'; ���������.-���������M'u'J'-. ������������������-.'-<-j XX'X^'yX'';^VX''<;#V-:^^  '���������-������������������A.-JjA'--: ������������������J'-"^  Account does  It takes care of you in sickness  and in sorrow. It takes care of  your money, guards "and safeguards it and even pays you for  letting it do so.  We pay ftror per cent.  PORTION OF B.  C's.  NEW UNIVERSITY SITE  Interest  on   deposits subject   to  cheque,  credited monthly.  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay  Station,  Burnaby  "BOUGH ON BATS"dears oat  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in tbe  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  NAVIGABLE WATERS PROTECTION  ACT  B. S. O. Chapter 116  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  LIMITED, hereby gives notice that it  has, under Section 7 of the said Act,  deposited with the Minister of Public  Works at Ottawa, and in the office of  the District Registrar of the Land Registry District of Vancouver at Vancou*  ver, B. C, a description of the site  and the plans of a wharf proposed to  be built in False Creek, City of Vancouver, in front of District Lot 541,  and immediately West of Connaught  Bridge.  AND take notice that after the  expiration of one month from the date  of the first publication of this notice,  The Imperial Oil Company, Ltd., will  under Section 7 of the said Act, apply to the Minister of Public Worka  at his office in the City of Ottawa  for approval of the said site and  plans and for leave to construct the-  said "Wharf. _  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 20th  day   of  September,   1915.  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  LTD.  NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS  Tenders are invited by tho undersigned for the construction of a Reinforced Concrete Sea Wall at False  Creek,  Vancouver.  Plans, Specifications and forms of  contract may bo seen and form of tender obtained at the offices of the Com.  pany, No. 719, Metropolitan Building,  Vancouver, and 1035 Columbia St.,  New Westminster.  Tenders to be received at tho Head  Offices of the Company, Vancouver,  not later than the morning of the  5th October, 1915, and to bo enclosedc  in sealed envelope marked "TENDER  FOR CONSTRUCTION."  The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  MACKENZIE, MANN & CO., LTD.  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  i  >>��������� -v.  t V *Yi'$?il  ���������ja  ���������i'l  1 THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, October 1, 1915.  =���������?.  LOCAL ITliMS OF INTEREST  This afternoon and evening the  Women's Guild of Mt. Pleasant  Presbyterian church are holding  a box social in the school room  of the church.  Mr. A. G. McCandless is the  choice of the Board of Trade for  the position on the war supplies  purchasing, on which it was suggested last week by Senator  Lougheed, special messenger of.  Sir Robert Borden, British Columbia should have a representative.    ,  The annual Sunday School convention of the province will be  held in Wesley Methodist church  next week commencing on Tuesday evening. A splendid program  has been prepared, some of the  ablest speakers in the province  on Sunday school problems being  scheduled to address the convention.  A mass meeting of the ratepayers and workmen of South Vancouver has been caled for Saturday evening in the Kalenberg  Hall to discuss tile contract let  by the municipality to the Pacific  Lock, Joint Pipe Company for  sewerage construction. ��������� Reeve  Gold will address the meeting,  and it is expected that the gathering will be interesting. Several citizens attempted to secure  an injunction to prevent the council from going ahead with the  negotiations, but it was not  granted.  The pack for sockeyes ended  Friday, and the total pack on the  Fraser river will be 75,000 cases.  This is 17,000 more than last  year.       t    .  Over 500 names have been added to the city voters' list in the  past few days. For the first time  this year applicants could make  declarations that they are holders of agreements for sale and be  under no apprehension of their  names being struck oft* the roll.  Court of revision will be held by  Mr. Donald Downie as presiding  judge, an October 18th.  Sir Charles Davidson, who will  conduct an inquiry into the purchase of submarines, has reached  Victoria, and will open the enquiry this afternoon. Mr. John  Thompson accompanied Sir Charles Davidson as counsel. Mr. S.  S. Taylor, K. C, of Vancouver,  has been retained as a special  counsel for the Liberal party.  The congregation of St. Augustine Presbyterian church, "Winnipeg, at a congregational meeting  on Wednesday night unanimously  extended a call to Rev. E. Leslie  Pidgeon, of St. John's church,  this city. Rev. Mr. Pidgeon has  as yet made no decision in the  matter. He has been in St.  John's church for about four  years, having succeeded Rev. Dr.  McGillivray. now of Guelph, Ont.  Mr. Pidgeon came to Vancouver  from St. Thomas, Ont.  ���������  5c  Wrapped  Loaf  pull Pound  Telephone  Fairmont  ���������44-  When You Eat A Slice  OF  BUTTERNUT BREAD  you are' eating a bread which is top-notch in  modern scientific bread baking���������a bread which  is made of ingredients so pure it cannot but  BAKE pure,���������a bread so clean it could not be  made cleaner, a tasty, delicious, pure wholesome slice if it is'SHELLY'S WRAPPED  BUTTER-NUT BREAD. INSIST that your  Grocer give you BUTTER-NUT. Costs no  more.  Shelly 8ro*. Hoke Oven*  ���������Bakers of well-known 4X BREAD.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  PublicWorks Contractor*  Bead Office, 81045 Bower ButtOiag  ��������� Seymour 1836  VAWOUVEB CAN.ADA  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 is No. 1 District, also  All kind* of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554    V  Mount Pleasant Lively  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages ���������������  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  CHURCH SERVICES  Services on Sunday will beheld  in Mt. Pleasant as follows:   ''  Mt. Pleasant Methodist���������Rev.  Dr. Sipprell will preach at both  services. Morning subject, 'tThe  Temptations of Jesus "j evening  subject, "The Soul's Great-Refuge."  Mt. Pleasant Baptist���������Rev. A.  F. Baker, the pastor, will be in  charge of the services. In the  morning the subject will be  "Paul's Attitude Towards the  Church"; and the evening subject "Christ's Attitude Towards  the Saloonkeeper."  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ���������  Rev. A. E. 'Mitchell. The pastor  will preach morning and evening  as follows: 11.00 a.m., "The Imperialism of Christianity"; 7.30  p.m., "Your King and Country  Need You."  St. Paul's Presbyterian���������In the  absence of the pastor, Rev. R. G.  McBeth will preach at both services; 11.00 a.m., "Through a  Closed Door"; 7.30 p.m., "The  Case of the Absent Disciple."  Salvation Army Citadel, Cor.  Quebec and 7th Ave.���������Revival  services will be conducted by  Brigadier and Mrs. McLean at  11 a.m.,. 3 p.m., and 7.30 p.m.  Band in attendance at each service.  WILL TIE UP STEAMERS  The Union Steamship Company  has issued their winter schedule  ^.nd the new arrangement calls  for a reduction in the service to  northern points. In the winter months the falling off of  trade is noticeable, and on this  account the company will tie up  the Chelohsin and Comox until  spring.  Semi-monthly the Camosun will  touch River's Inlet and Bella  Coola, - sailing out of Vancouver  .every Tuesday night. This service will continue until November  28th.  It was previously announced  that the Union Steamship Coiu-  -pany had decided to tie up five  steamers for the winter months,  but the Chelohsin and Comox are  the only vessels to remain idle  until spring. This is the first  time the Comox has been tied  up since entering the service 23  years ago.  ANOTHER   TRAGEDY  )/y/y/'k  vVtfv."  Why Store My Furniture With You %  v!W!_������  The answer ~is ,this-^Because Wo offer-yottrfire proof, damp proo*f, dust proof,!  and, in fact, storage that, is proof against all ills; at rates no higher than-youj  would have to pay elsewhere, without the .same high grade service and protection. You are invited to inspect our new "Security Fireproof Warehouse,''L  786 Beatty Street, which contain.-. "Private 'Locked Compartments," "Safety!  Silver Vaults," "Piano Boom," "Special7Trunk Sections," etc. Call To-day.1  'Piano Eoom,'  "WE  KNOW HOW*  QvMPBELlStORACE Q)MPANY  Oldest and LarS&t m Western Canada  THweSetmourTMO  WESTEgN"tAf.ADA  Otfkx .85������BE^TTY^SrREET  Letters are being sent out by  the executive of the People's Prohibition Movement containing  suggestions for the making of the  organization work more effective  on the part of local and district  organizations. Literature is also  being sent out dealing with points  likely to be attacked by the opponents of prohibition. Last  night in the Knights of Columbus  Hall, Rev, Father McNeil spoke  to the Knights and their friends  on the prohibition question.  i ;���������  < XX. ���������-. ���������>\i  A new pastorate will be opehe'd  in the First Baptist church next  Sunday, when Rev. J. L. Campbell, D.D., the new pastor of the  First Baptist congregation will  take charge. Dr. Campbell is^a  graduate of Woodstock college  and Toronto University? and he  comes to Vancouver from Cambridge, Mass., where he has been  pastor of the' First Baptist church  for a number of years. Dr. Campbell comes to Vancouver with a  splendid record, being a leader  in conventions and other forms  of religious movements.   -  S-W-O-O-T-H  Mr. C. M- Woodsworth, barrister, who has a bill of $1,300 costs  against Reeve Gold, of South  Vancouver as the result of recent  litigation, obtained a garnishing  order from the Supreme Court  garnishing the reeve's quarterly  salary, which fell due to-day.  Reeve Gold,'however, had anticipated the move and had taken  the precaution to draw his salary  in advance several days ago.  tjovojwsis w������. 0."  To re-affirm their position on  "The Crisis in B. C.,'* and to reply to-the-attorney-general's last  speech in regard to that now-  famous pamphlet, the Ministerial  Union of the Lower Mainland will  hold a meeting in Dominian Hall  on Pender street to-night (Friday) at 8 o'clock to which the  public is invited. Rev. Dr. John  Mackay, principal of Westminster Hall, and Rev. A. E. Cooke������  of Kitsilano Congregational  church, will be the chief speakers. Rev. -G. R. Welch, president  of the Ministerial Union, will occupy the chair.  Another tragedy occurred. in  the Capilano river on Sunday,  when Mr. Frederick West, of  Brockton Point, Stanley Park,  met his death.  The accident happened in Salmon pool, a deep hole in Second Canyon, about three hundred yards below the wooden  bridge.  The deceased, his wife and Miss  Edith Smith came up to spend  the day fishing. Mrs. West, in  some manner lost her footing at  the edge of the pool and fell in.  Without a moment's hesitation  the husband jumped in, and it is  thought he took a cramp, for he  was a good swimmer. In the  meantime his wife had gained  the rocks and got out. In the excitement of the moment Mr. West  was not noticed sinking and the  first realization of the fatality  was the sight of his body lying  on the bottom of the pool. It was  clearly discernable through the  clear water. Assistance was summoned quickly and a Mr. Miller  and Mr. Rand succeeded in getting the body out on the rocks  oh the west side of the creek.  By this time, however, life was  extinct. Chief Lifton, who was  notified, took charge of the  remains until Monday when the  inquest ,was held.  Deceased was about 30 years pf  age, was born in Moodyville, and  was a longshoreman.   I   RALLY PAY J3E&VJ0ES  Rally Day services were held in  connection with the churches in  Mt. Pleasant on Sunday last. In  the Methodist church a special  offering was made during the  day for church work which totalled more than $500. In the  afternoon the Sunday Schol  'rally was a decided success, a  Very large turnout being recorded, and the special music being  a distinct success. On Tuesday  evening the members of the Sunday school rendered a musical  cantata, entitled "The New Minister," in the church, which was  filled to-overflowing. The Tuesday  evening affair was a notable success, and a credit to the untiring  efforts of Mr. W. E. Pinchin. the  superintendent, and his staff of  splendid workers.  In Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian  church the afternoon rally on  Sunday was the best in the history of the school. A special offering in behalf of Sunday Schol  work throughqut the Dominion  was very large. Rev. Mr. Mitchell  addressed the scholars, and a special juvenile,choir added much to  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  6. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture riahufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperbanging: and Kalsomining  Shop! 1066 Dun.mulf St. V.noouv.r. B.C.  South Vancouver. Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of POTJLTEY BUWUBS, HA.T, OEA1N,  CHOP, ETC.  Vernon Feed Co.  49TH AMD FRABBB  (Branch ttomx Ut Pleaaaat)  WE 8TAKD FOB QUALITY, BBRVIOB   AMD   LOW   PBI0B8  the success of the day with their  selections. In the evening the  church was packed to the doors,  the occasion being a choral service. Mr. Clifford Williams, of.  the Australian Cadets, assisted  the choir.  WESTMINSTER HALL  CLOSING EXERCISES  Westminster Hall closing exercises were held in St. John's  church on Tuesday evening, when  six graduates in theology were  presented with their certificates.  A large audience was present  at they exercises, and Dr. Mackay, principal of the college, occupied the chair. Rev. A. E.  Mitchell, of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church, conducted the  devotional exercises of the evening, after which the graduation  exercises were proceded with.  The exercises marked the closing of the seventh session, and  there was added interest by the  presence of Dr. Sherrard. formerly of Indore College, India, who  has been added to the tutorial  staff of Westminster Hall. Rev.  J. D. McNeill, one of the first  graduates of Westminster Hall,  has also t been added to the staff  in the capacity of registrar. These  two additions take the places of  Rev. Dr. Taylor and Rev. Dr.  Pidgeon, who have gone to Toronto.  The valedictory address for the  graduates was delivered by Mr.  A. Mclver, and the graduates  were Messrsr W.S. Brooks, J. H.  Buchanan, P. X>uncan, J. A. Leslie, D. Lister and A. Mclvor..  The scholarships were awarded  as   Follows:  Third year, the James Sinclair  MeDougall scholarship, No. 1,  $.50. awarded to Mr. Philip Dun-  cap^ B. A.; David Morrice scholar ^  ship No. 2, $25, awarded jointly  to Mr. Wilfred S. # Brookes and  J. II. Buchanan.  Second year: The James Sinclair MeDougall, No. 2, $50, -to  Mr. T. S. Watson, M.A.; the Da  vid Morrice scholarship No: 3,  $25, to Mr. D. A. Smith.  First year: The David Morrice  scholarship No. 1, $50. to Mr. J.  Y. McGookin; Leila Mackay  scholarship, $25, to Mr. W. J.  Agabob.  The new ministers may now  preach anywhere in the jurisdicr  tion of. the Presbyterian Church  it Canada, and several of them  are already under call to stated  charges.  Suspicions are often worse than j  facts.  A good cook should be at the  head of every provisional government.  A man is apt to feel girlish]  when he  is making  his  maider  speech.  Every time a woman injects ai  exclamation point into her conversation, she gathers momentum  for  a fxesh  start.  The new Ontario government  house is to be finished and ready  by October.  The Amazon river rises within  seventy miles of the.Pacific and  flows 3,994 miles across the continent of South America to the  Atlantic.  Five thousand German prisoners of war on an island near  Auckland, Australia, need little  guarding, because the waters in  the neighborhood are alive with  big man-eating sharks.  One of the main seats of our weakness lies in this very notion, that  what we do at the moment cannot  matter much; for that we shall he able  to alter and mend and patch it just  as we like by-and-bye.���������-Hare.  THE LABOEST STEEL BRIDGE CUBDBB MADE IN B. O.  mZ&:ytt~-A^^*<s?  j.-*.:���������--������.-_:���������

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