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The Western Call 1915-10-15

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 prv. -1-^.f..- r���������  -.     /\.L ' -       *    " '  14*wr-'r^������wy*"-*-  TV"  7-y>4n "J    _- -na���������<;  ������  %,  .    -XXV.    -  X^-X^?    X-  J-fl'  > VOLUME VII.  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  ���������>     4 ,,    VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,    FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1915  CANADIAN TRADE  ' THE" TRADE OF CANADA for the twelve  months ending August last sbows a very satisfactory condition when we consider the circumstances.  Imports for twelve months ending August,  1915, were $538,286,000 as compared with .$575,-  264,000 for previous year. " ���������  Exports for same period were $504,810,000,  as compared with $468,537,000 for previous  year, and $395,880,000 for 1913, or a'total trade  of $920,623,000 as compared with $1,018,164,000  for previous year. This showing is very gratifying, especially as it relates to exports.  The war will prove to be a blessing in disguise if it results in the firm establishment of  sound democratic forms of government and in  forcing trade between ,such powers as favor  that form. Already we are learning to know  of trade opportunities of which we had not  -dreamed, and are also learning of peoples of  whom we formerly knew litle.  . THE CITY COUNCIL AND RELIEF  WISELY OR FOOLISHLY the City Council  has refused the proffered aid of the citizens for  relief purposes, the grounds of refusal being  that it was unwise to encourage the idea that the  city would supply relief, thus increasing the  number of applicants.  Unfortunately the policy followed for tlie  past year by the city has been such as to make  this excuse simply absurd. Our civic authorities have deliberately supplied relief without  any serious effort to secure service for it, and  with the result of as Well' developed a breadline as could be found,in Canada.'_  V I  - Our civic authorities are positively derelict  in their duty���������we do not want a bread-line and  no relief should be allowed without some' kind  of. return in labor. As citizens,, trough the  present idiotic system, we are paying for such  cases as this: An .able-bodied man, age 39,  wife, and son, 16 years of age, receiving aid,  pure charity, for past six weeks; and expect, to.  continue indefinitely. There are many such cases  wbich demonstrate the utter failure of our  Council to properly handle tbis problem.  If  PROBlBmON A PRINCIPLE  MANY PERSONS sem to think that "Prohibition" as applied to the liquor traffic is a  new and unconstitutional measure, whereas the  principle of prohibition has been recognized as-  a legislative practice since time immemorial.  ~ Solon, tbe great law maker, prohibited the  practice of bonding the lives of citizens, although it had been a common custom for cen-~  turies. Great Britaiu and other nations have  prohibited ownership of slaves, as well as abolished slavery. Our own Dominion government  has passed an act (1914) prohibiting the use  of. white phosphorus in the manufacture of  matches. All of these demonstrate the valid-"  ity of prohibition as a legislative principle.  Then arises the question of the application to  a given practice or custom. Those of use who  advocate '' Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic'' do  so on the ground that it has become a menace  to society; that the evil resulting from it more  than out-balances, all that may be said in its  favor. Indeed, those who defend the traffic  now-a-days have fallen back on the argument  that a man has the inherent right to drink himself to. death if he so wishes, but here again,  we "bave the best of the .argument, for our jaws  punish attempted suicide severely.  V As a nation, in common with all highly civilized nations, we do not admit the right of self  destruction, nor have we any license to allow  it by the habit or practice of drink:. Indeed  the most ardent tippler must also recognize the  value of the "Siwash" law, or the indicting of  habitual   drunkards. V     ,     X  Prohibition of the Liquor, Traffic is simply  the application of a well recognized principle  in law to a social custom alleged to have become  a;menace.- Let the public decide by the acknowledged principle of majority-rule whether  the "alleged'' menace is " actual "or not:  ���������;  Owing to the illness of Lieut.-Col. Geo. Mc-  .Spadden, the officer commanding,- Major. R. G.  Maxwell, the adjutant, has assumed temporary  command pf the llth regiment, Irish Fusiliers. ,-.  I '���������- Tomorrow afternoon at 4.30 o'clock there will  j: he a meeting for boys in St;. Andrew's * church  j       school room. cor; Richards and Georgia.       *  THE BANKS AND THE PUBLIC  OUR FREQUENT CRITICISMS of our Bank- -  ing System is not intended as unfriendly to the  Banks, but rather to point out apparent weaknesses in an otherwise excellent system. After  all the Banks are quasi-public and owe it to the  people at large to properly discharge their func*'  tions as banks.  If allowed to go on without criticism thfey  would soon lose sight < of their high office and  become mere "dividend getters," and that would  be a calamity. ,' '        *  To help   legitimate cases,   to   finance   great  movements, such as the crops; to advise and direct commercial enterprises, these are the functions of a Bank.   But to loan out money to New  York stock gamblers to the extent of $100,000,- ,  000 in   excess   of  all foreign, obligations,, ,doesji  not seem reasonable.   It demonstrates a "weakness" in the system.. What that weakness is  and how to remedy it, .is fair constructive cri*t--  icism and should be welcomed.  INDUSTRIAL OPPORTU.NITIES  OCT  runeral lnr*e*pc i >  T. J. Mearaey f to.  rjFunertri*��������� ttbreetoss.  i- ^Tsab'almio. X  -"'Al'your service day and.  -   night.  ��������� 'Moderate charges.    r\  80S Broadway Wast -.  Phone; rate. 10M  ���������HMlMBBiM  A  X'  ���������X  .      r-\  *   Wi   4  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 23  OFTEN A BOARD OF TRADE or Chamber  of Commerce will spend months trying to promote an industry unsuited to a community and  all the time overlook some opportunity right at  hand. The war has given to us a splendid  chance in the "potash" trade. Formerly the  world's main supply came from Strassfurst,  Germany. In the year 1913 this centre sold  over .$480,000,000 worth 'of potash. This great  trade has now been, completely disrupted and  /is waiting for ne wsupplies.  Potash can be manufactured successfully from  kelp, a sea-weed which grows in abundance along  the British Columbian coast. >, To develop this  industry with success, the operator should have  control of large areas of kelp beds. Why'could  /not our .government give a monopoly to some  ^responsible syndicate and take a* royalty on all  produced, and also control -the price bo as, not  to penalize the farmer, who is the chief customer ?  BRITISH TRADE  , fc  THE BALKAN SITUATION  By Wm. Paacoe Goard  THE  PRESENT  is a  very  composite  war.  Rather it is a series of wars  running contend- -  poraneously.  As to order in time���������Germany fought the  war through Belgium, Alsace and Lorraine, with  France in the' fall of 1914. Her objectives were  Calais, and even lower down "the coast to gain  control of the channel and Paris, to bring France1  ^to her kneeS.     The former she proposed to permanently occupy, the latter to permanently oc- '  cupy if she gained full'measure of success^other- *  wise to use, as Bismarck did in 1870, as a means'  of imposing a great indemnity on France!     In  this war she has failed. ,  Her next war, after complete reorganization  during fhe "winter of 1914-15, was against Russia.-  Her master stroke, after full preparation of great  armies and overwhelming artillery, was the de-  - structioh of Rtissia's gftat arsenal dnd the enormous supply of munitions contained in it, and  more important still, her. machinery for producing further supplies. Thus, with overwhelming  artillery, she caught Russia^ denuded of artillery  and thought to crush her speedily while thus  helpless. But the Grand Duke, failing in artillery, fought with the feet of his army. Like  a trained pugilist matched against an opponent  too heavy for him, he gave ground and kept  just out of reach of German heavy artillery.  Whenever he caught the German infantry or  cavalry in advance of their guns he struck, and  struck hard vital blows.   Then on again.     He  _ had room _i_n which Jto run. He bad an army  which could outmarch the Germans. He gained  time and lost comparatively few men, and he  lost none of his many armies. Meantime America, Japan, Britain and France poured in guns  and munitions, while the Russian ministry mobilized her industries to produce munitions in  hitherto undreamed of quantities. Now these  supplies are reaching the Russian armies in ever-  increasing quantities. Germany's "bolt was  shot" and she has not won. So the second war  is as good as lost to her.  Now comes the Balkan tangle, which is War  number three.  In this are involved many issues.  It has been said for years that on the death  of Emperor Franz Joseph Austria-Hungary would  dissolve as an Empire. For half a generation Germany has been supremely anxious tovcr this and  is so still. In that Empire are, perhaps, twenty  million Serbs who are determined to go over to  a new Serb Confederation under the aegis of  Russia, but in distinct connection with the Balkan States. This, Germany is determined at all.  costs to prevent. On these /lines there are explosive forces sufficient to make a bitter war, and  all experts have looked for such a-war on the  death of. the aged Emperor. But that aged���������7���������  well, Emperor, wanted,to see an ante-morten settlement, and so precipitated J the issue during  his  own lifetime.  Then  as   another distinct  issue   conies   the  - question of the final settlement  of the Jialf-a-  Vmillenium long "Eastern Question" of the Turk  in Europe.  All of the Balkan states united in the determination that he must go. But all have  been afraid of the life and death scramble that  must ensue for the possession of the territory  to be vacated by him.  They were united in the determination that  the  Turkish territory, must be  divided  among  .themselves, but quarrelled bitterly over the question as to how it should be divided. All of.  them united in driving the Turk back to the  lines of Tchalgd, but fought bitterly over, the  territory taken, and are still prepared' to fight.  V Bulgaria now wants the lion|s share, and has  bluffed so hard to get it that she now finds' her-  Self allied to -a losing cause, with no hope if  fhat cause be finally lost, even of continued  existence. ''  On the other hand Germany has decided  that she imust possess that territory herself. She  has promised largely to Bulgaria, but her promises will never be redeemed in any case.  I r l  , Meantime the Allies have secured an agreement, tentativ at least, between Serbia,' Roumania and The People of Greece as to the  settlement when the war is won.by them, granting that they are successful.  The King of Greece hangs back. But  those who know him expected no other. Husband  of the Kaiser's sister, headstrong, boastful,  and erratic, his course could no more be foretold than that of a stickless rocket, added to  which he is inordinately greedy of personal gain.  In the slang of the streets, "a grafter" who  could give many points to the leaders of Tam-  jnany Hall. It is not to be supposed that such  a rich opportunity should be allowed to pass  without some rich plum pulled out of the international pie for the delectation of. himself and  house���������an alien to Greece himself, gain to Greece  without personal gain to his house was not good  enough, and so he sits back and awaits his personal gain. Whether this will come or not we  cannot say. If Greece be strong enough to override him, it will not, if it is not strong enough  he may yet get his plumb. But in either case  except in principle, that is little to the purpose.  Venezelos says "the soul of Greece" feels that  Bulgaria should be crushed. He has the country behind him. He has a majority of the house  behind him. In deference to the wishes of the  King he has allowed the minority to take charge  but,'and this is new in legislative bodies, he has  set bounds to their action,, declaring he .will not  allow them to modify his policy . Thus Greece  is poised, but is expected soon to sweep aside  the opposition and join the Allies.  In the third war, therefore, the struggle is beginning. Army ag.ninst army, it will be fought  out. ' X  If the allies prevent "Germany breaking  through, well, that will bring the end of all the  series of wars near. If she breaks through it  will indefinitely lengthen the struggle, and none  could predict the immediate result.  Should Germany succeed in pinning down the  Balkan Avar to a stalemate, or should she gain  it she has another war in mind, one. especially  against England. But-we believe she recognizes  that time and circumstances are against her here.  But she will not forget her purpose. Unless she  is ground to pieces now her attempt to answer  her own prayer "Gott Strafe England!" will  be made in the future. And mark what follows: If. she is ground to powder now, her leaders will turn to Russia and leave no stone unturned to induce that power to turn all her energies to contest with Britain her position in the  world:  Not in this generation will she succeed, but  who knows what the future may bring forth?  ACCORDING TO LATEST REPORTS of  British, trade, there is every reason for satisfaction. As far as the imports are concerned,  they have no great significance, owing to the  large quantities of war material being imported;  but the exports, show the real condition of  trade, and these -figures are very satisfactory.  Exports for August, 1915, were ������504,810,000,  as against ������28,631,000 for August, 1914, and  ������52,261.000 for August, 1913.  * 1  1  For the.eight months of this year the total  exports were ������318,839,000. Imports of raw materials other than food show a marked increase,  while exports pf the same class of goods show  a decided increase.  Twa Articles of import which has largely in-  creased;n^fBtroleum, which rose from 38,000,000  gallon* 1*^47,000,000.      Oats almost  doubled/  wool increase* from 26,500,000 lbs. to 51.250,000  lbs.     Preserved meats ������232,000 to ������1,308,000.  X  v  TRUST KITCHENER  LORD   NORTHCLIFFE,   the   "Hearst'/ of  England, through his British journals, has been  bitterly unpatriotic   and   unfair juT his attack ������������������  upon Kitchener and other great leaders.    Examine for a moment, the'merits of the.case.  * On the outbreak of war Kitchener ��������� warned  us that we might expect the war to last three  years at least.   .Northcliffe said three months.  Kitchener   said   he   would   make   Britain theV  strongest  military power when war wm con^ <  eluded, so that we would dictate tennis of peace:''  He has over 3,000,000- volunteer, soldier* undefc  arms now.      Kitchener  promised France ,WtM-  Russia 150,000 men only.   He has over 1,000,000  in France, 5000,000 at the Dardanelles, and is  sending 500,000 to Serbia.    The Russian arsenal  near Pet*rograd "wa������M blown up, and Kitchener  diverted sufficient munitions to enable the Bus-.  sians to decimate the hordes of Huns pressing  them. * _  u..   Kitchener and h������- colleagues^but" chiefly Kit-  chener the silent, has done all this, and Northcliffe, like an irritated and jealous puppy, snaps  - at his heels.     Let us trust, ho;nor and love our  Kitchener, he knows his business.  ���������'if' I  S XX  '      -5���������  X  Ti  3&OTS8 COLUMBIA MINERALS  IS IT A GOVERNMENT BUSINESS to promote or conduct industries? Ordinarily speaking, no. There are, however, times when it is  advisable, and we believe that British Columbia  is faced with such an opportunity now.  As a province, we are blessed with vast  mineral areas.- There ^"untold- wealth in-oi*qr  mountains. According to official figures we  have produced $490,000,000 worth of minerals.  In 1912, we produced $32,440,000, of which  $8,408,000 was copper . In three years we produced about $25,000,000 worth of copper.  Very little actual revenue comes from this to  the province. In 1913 the total revenue from  mining, including miners' licences, was only  $156,000. Whereas we should have received  a royalty on every ton of ore or coal mined^  With the returns from such royalty we should  provide adequate facilities for handling the products. All our copper productions are shipped to  the United States, and there refined and also  manufactured, and re-imported again into Canada at very handsome profit to the Yankee.  If we had a refinery in British Columbia for  copper, lead and zinc, it would be immediately  followed by other kindred manufactories, such  as copper wire, copper utensils, lead pipe, etc.,  and we could develop a large export trade in  such goods.  ������������������'���������'���������������������������' ..:  Without doubt it is the business of the government in such a case to interest itself in an in-'  dustry upon which so much depends. British  Columbia could pay off its debt and sustain the,  cost, of--public works and administration upon  revenue from her natural resources if properly  directed by the government upon a system of.  "participation" in the   industries  involved.  By a slip of the censor it has become known  that at present 30,000 drivers are in active service at the British front, driving motor trucks  carryin gsupplies and ammunition. This number  does not include hospital corps, ambulances, armor cars, etc., but simply supplies transport service. The information was contained in an official  communication from Maj.-Gen. S. S. Long, dir-  cctor-in-chief of the British Supplies and Transport Service. ���������v:  BRITISH RULE IN INDIA  -������_  Prof. J. A. Sherrard, formerly  Principal of Indore College,  Now of Westminster Hall, Explains British Rule There.  "British administration in India is the greatest feat of the  kind that has been performed  since the break-up of the  Roman Empire. It is easy to point  out shortcomings, but the fact  remains that the successful administration of the Indian Empire by the English has been one  of the most notable and admirable achievements of the white  race during the past two centuries. On the whole it has been for  the immeasurable benefit of the  natives of India themselves. England does not draw a penny  from India for English purposes.  She spends for India the revenue  raised by India, and they are  spent for the benefit of the Indians .themselves. Undoubtedly  India is ^ a less - pleasant place  than formerly for the heads of tyrannical states. There is now little or no room for the successful  freebooter chieftains, for the despots who lived in gorgeous  splendor.  "Indeed if the English control  was now withdrawn from India  the  whole  peninsula  would  become  a  chaos,  of bloodshed and  violence. All the weaker people  and most industrious and law-abiding would be, plundered and  ��������� forced to, submit to indescribable  wrong and oppression, and the  , only beneficiaries among the natives would be the lawless,  "the  -violent and the bloodthirsty." In  this^quotation from a speech of  ex-President   Roosevelt    of   the  ' United States, vProf. Sherrard, ex-  1 pressed his   opinion  before   the  American Club last week when  speaking on the subject "What  Britain Has Done for India.".  , Opposed to the opinion of Colonel Roosevelt are the opinions of  _ such men as William J. Bryan*,  who'spent a few weeks there and  refused  to   consult   those   who  knew the true condition of affairs.   Mr.   Bryan   said:   "The  /   trouble is that England acquired  India for  England's advantage,  not for India's; holds India for  England's advantage, not India's,  and administers it for England's  interest, not India's, and passes  judgment upon every question as  a judge would were he permitted  to decide his own case."  "India stands in an important  place in the Empire," said Prof.  Sherrard. "Her people have been  responding as loyally as any to  the supreme needs of the Empire  at the present time. There has  been a great deal of criticism.  Some comes from the people  themselves. The Indian criticism  is not a weighing of advantages,  but a matter of feeling. It is enhanced partly by the character  of the British' administrators.  The Indian considers himself superior to the Englishman. The  Englishman, on the other hand,  carries with him that inborn  sense of superiority bred through  generations. Another cause of this  criticism is due to the fact that  civil servants doing practically  the ���������same work will often get less  money for their work than the  Europeans. The natives cannot  take into consideration that it  costs the European" about five  times as much to live as himself.  "Another cause for criticism  from the natives is due to the  fact that Great Britain blunders  along and often has1 to take backwater in certain courses of action. This is looked upon by the  natives as weakness. Some of the  achievements which the .British  Empire has brought about are,  first, peace, order and good government.. When Britain came to  the country there was practically no government.. It was controlled by various, marauding  tribes. It was in a. chaotic state  of war, of anarchy and rapine.  There is no Indian unity at present. I doubt if. there will be any  unity within tbe next -century.  Her racial, religious, social affinities, traditions and customs are  centrifugal. There are no less  than 180 different languages in  the country, to say nothing of  the many dialects. There is a  greater racial difference between  the Mahratta and Bengali than  between tbe German and the Portugese; between the Punjabi, and  Tamil than between the Russian  and Italian;, between the Hindu  THE SMAI.L CUSTOMER  IS WELCOME  Onr business of supplying electric light an* power must  succeeft on its service rather than ita Mae.  We Just as eagerly' welcome the user of small -quantities of  electrical current as the man whose demands run into the  tbousands of kilowatt hours.  In fact, the small customer is usually tbe one who receives  N most benefit from our service���������he seldom has engineers of  his own, and be knows that ours are at bis disposal.  Irrespective of the sice of tbe bill,, each and every customer of tbis Company i* entitled to all benefits under  our broad service policy.  ' We" aire here to serve you in tbe spirit of partnership���������the  Softener you call on us to help you, the better we like it.  Hastings aad Carrall Streets,  Phone Seymour 5000  "Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and. MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  and the Mohammedan than between the Protestant and Roman  'Catholic even in Ulster. There  are no less than 2378 castes jn  India which prevent inter-association in anything more than a  casual manner.  "Britain has brought peace  from marauding tribes, defended  her borders from Afghans and  others, and has protected the  coasts of India. The rivalries of  party chiefs have been allayed.  Thuggery and robbery have been  stamped out. There is less crime  in India to-day of a serious nature than there is in Canada or  even in England. The record  shows only two crimes in a 1,000  of a grievous character. But while  British administration is not vigr  orously applauded it is trusted.  It is common that natives will  flee to a state where British justice is dispensed in order to be  arrested and tried there.  "But the administration is not  a mere autocracy. There is much  development of representative institutions. In the Legislative  Council or Viceroy's Council of  the 66 members no less than 30  are elected by the natives. Of the  Executive Council seven are British and two are natives. The provincial councils are entirely natives. The development of responsible government is taking place  as fast as possible. The mission  of Great Britain is to fit the  people .'for,, self-government. But  Whenthere are 315,000,000 people  to educate the growth must necessarily be slow.  /'There has been great advancement in morality also. There has  been a stamping out of female  infanticide, human sacrifices, the  burning of women on her husband's funeral pyre. The Mohammedan can no longer kill' a  person who has left that faith  for another. There is also a growing sentiment against corruption  It is looked upon to wrong. It  is still practised, but in this re  spect it is similar to the sentiment in this country;       ������������������  X  -r- - ;/:-r >������������������    . ���������:.;.," ���������%:��������� ���������    ������������������'<��������� .������������������������������������).fc ,  "A big example has been set  to the people in the various lines  of philanthropic workV such as  the methods of famine relief, vaccination "of 8,000,000 school children, hospitals and dispensaries,  cholera and .relief parties, inoculation against plague and distribution of quinihe through all the  post offices to aBay jualaria.  "The severest critic will not  deny that British administration  has raised the intelligence of the  people. College atudents have increased fromX^000=to^6,000"in  half a century, school students  from 500,000 to 6,o60,OOOx But  only five per cent of the 315,  000,000 people are literate. There  is a policy of free and compulsory education.  "The material advancement or  development of the country has  been great. When Great Britain  went to India the land was prac-^  tically of no value. To-day it is  valued at $1,500,000,000, which is  all held by the Indian people  There are 50,000 miles of canals  and ditches irrigating 28,000,000  acres, a narea equal to three  quarters that of England. India is  now one of the great wheat-  growing countries, being second  in this. '  "In the matter of communica  tions the first railroad was built  in 1853 There are now some  35,000 miles of railways in the  country which carry 400,000,000  passengers annually. India has  been given the cheapest postal  rate of any country in the world.  A letter can be sent' anywhere  within the country for one cent.  The post office staff numbers 100,-  000 employees and there are 19,-  000 post offices. The telegraph  lines have .110,000 miles of wire  and carry six million messages a  year. The savings banks have  on  deposit $213,000,000.  "There is also a vast trade and  commerce "which the country enjoys. "When Britain went to ln-  X iii   ..  ��������� A ���������      X ��������� ���������  dia the trade and commerce  amounted to $5,000,000. It now  amounts to $1,000,000,000. Over  90 per cent, of the people are dependent upon agriculture, but  the great need is sufficient capital to carry on farming by proper methods. Vast sums have been  loaned to the'farmers in periods  up to 50 years. Great Britain  has furthermore stimulated a  system of co-operative banks,  model farms and by the bringing  in of new seed has greatly assisted the farmer.  "Critics who refuse to be convinced by the evidence of economic prosperity say the country is impoverished by the economic drain to meet the 'home  charges' amounting to $90,000,-  000 annually. There is no such  things as an economic drain there  any more than in Canada. All  such money is for services rendered. Of .this amount $31,750,-  000- goes for interest on capital  borrowed to construct railways  $15,000,000 for interest on public  debt for canals, and $7,250,000  for stores not purchasable in India. The balance goes to the  maintenance of the army and  navy civil administration, for  pensions and sick leave. The British administration in India is one  of the most wonderful feats of  administration of any people."  HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION  IMPROVEMENT IN CANADA  The question of highway administration is in urgent need of  attention in Canada. There are  at present Highway Commissioners in most of the provinces, but  they deal with rural highways  and are not concerned -with the  local improvements in cities and  towns. It is desirable that every  city, town and municipality in  each province should have the assistance of a central department  on all highly technical engineering questions, including that of  road planning and construction.  The work of the Road Board i*n  Great Britain and of the Highway Commission of the State of  New York are worthy of Careful  study in this connection, but to  bereally efficient each provincial  Highway Commission or Board  should be linked up with a department of local governmehtT  dealing with municipal affairs in  general and hot solely with highways. :'v  .'������������������ '   .-'���������'.''.     ������������������.. ���������     ������������������;���������.'������������������        ���������.��������� ��������� V'.  The roads in Canada are more  important forv distribution of  produee than in Great Britain,  -where ^igtances^are'so^aho^Talud^  light railways are so- plentiful.  In Canada we have had to start  off without any of the advantages possessed by older countries in the matter of old foundations and the accumulated  work of centuries of road construction. We have to develop  motor transportation by road as  a means of feeding the great  trunk railways and securing the  economical distribution of food.  Manufacturers and contractors  seem to have more say in giving  advice regarding the material to  be used than elsewhere. The respective obligations of the provincial and the local  governing  Friday, October 15,1915.  1 g  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OP  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings,' etc.  A large stock of Trunks and, Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  .   importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  5c  full  loaf  comes  wrapped  Telephone  Fairmont  -44-  Bamshjak^g  Problems  Forever  For here is SHELLY'S WRAPPED BUTTER-NUT BREAD costing but 5c for a full  16-ounce loaf, and baked from ingredients as  pure and under conditions as clean as you  would insist upon yourself were you baking.  CALL FAIRMONT 44 RIGHT NOW and have  our driver deliver this delicious, wholesome  bread to you daily���������never fret over home-baking again.  Shelly Bros. Bake Ovens  -Bakers of the well-known 4X Bread.  bodies in regard to road construction and maintenance have to be  considered. Local authorities need  to be advised .regarding the proper use and value of different  kinds of road material, after adequate *|rial and investigation by  an expert department, in \ order  to save hundreds of thousands  of dollars spent in unsuitable  road material used in local improvements.  When we N consider the enormous amount of money spent in  roads and road maintenance and  the great waste arising from the  haphazard' methods of carrying  out local improvements, it is surprising to find so little effort being made to deal with the matter on more practical and scientific lines. Much is being done in  Quebec and Ontario to carry out  isolated road schemes, but a more  concerted and comprehensive" effort is needed, and that urgently,  in the interests of national prosperity. ,'  The Highway Commissioners of  Ontario in their annual report,  draw attention to the need of  more co-operation between the cities and country districts in the  matter of road improvement. Ontario has about .50,000 -miles of  roads, and the Highway Commissioners consider that a sum  of $30,000,000 should be-spent on  these roads during the next 15  years.  The amount appropriated in  the state of. New York is .$65,-  000,000 for 11,000 miles of high  ways, and about $50,000,000 has  already been spent or obligated.  In Great Britain we have seen  that one department alone���������the  Road Board���������has raised $32,000,-  000 for road improvements in  four years, almost entirely from  motor spirit and carriage licenses.  Merely for purposes of road improvement Ontario would require  to incur an expenditure of about  three millions of dollars annually to bring its current rate of improvement in the settled part of  the province up to the British  standard. The proposed expenditure of the Ontario Highway Cora-  mission at the rate of two millions annually would, therefore;  appear to represent the minimum,  under present conditions. The Ontario Commission is doing excellent work and the same may be  stated with regard to Quebec and  otber provinces. But the whole  question of highway administration in Canada needs to be reviewed. Some system should be  devised to secure more co-operation between the provinces, the  countries and the cities. As already stated, there is a pressing  need for a central department in  each province to deal with all  questions of Local Government,  including highways, town planning, and local improvements.  Such a department is necessary  to secure efficiency, but it would  have to be formed in such a way  as not to interfere unduly with  the present powers of local authorities.  Drawiag Large Timbsr at Hanfihond, E. G. J, ���������    , X      -  .<,"���������  XX1  ' 4     X,      ^        '"  Friday, October 15, 191S.  3  J .'-S  THE NATIONAL CRISIS AND THE  GUIDING HAND  =tv  Bev. A. E. Mitchell, of Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian Church,  Delivers Stirring Address.  I. ^  . fee v. A. E. Mitchell, of Mount  I' Pleasant Presbyterian congregation, preached to a full house on  Sunday evening last, basing his  remarks on the subject,^ the  "National Crisis and the Guiding Hand." The text bf the.  subject was from the passage  where God asked Jeremiah, after the prophet had watched the  clay being shaped by the potter into vessels on his wheel,  "Can I not shape the nations,  even as this vessel?"  The speaker said that nations,  like men, are; accountable to the  eternal law of righteousness and  service. History is full of the  records of nations broken and  wrecked. Each nation has its  part in an eternal purpose, and  when that purpose is thwarted  or unfulfilled, and . a whole  people decline to contribute to  human and moral progress, the  sceptre -departs from them���������  they are brdken in pieces like the  potter's vessel. While no righteous nation has ever been destroyed, no evil .nation has finally  survived.  After brief illustrations of this  truth from history, Mr. Mitchell  proceeded to apply it to the nations now engaged in war, seeking to analyze and set forth, not  the surface happenings as recorded in the daily press, but the  deeper, hidden wellsprings of. national action. All these nations,  Mr. Mitchell asserted, were on  the Potter's wheel, and ��������� none  could yet say in what form they  would survive. Biit even after  fourteen months ��������� of war, great  changes could already be seen.  There was Russia, but yesterday  a' semi-barbarous people, with a  reactionary and autocratic government, and with a large proportion of its population little  better than serfs. Throughout its  millions of people there is today moving a new spirit. Russia-is to-day, perhaps, the most  religious nation on earth. Its  people are crowding into.and filling the churches, and the whole  nation is pulsing and vibrating  with the spirit of sacrifice, devotion,^chivalry. The spirit is manifested in the gift of "freedom "to  the-Jews, in the self-government  of Poland, and in a national heroism and, devotion of a type almost  unimaginable. Whatever may  happen to other nations in this  war, the destiny of Russia is- as-  j sured. Prance or Germany may be  overrun,' Britain may suffer, but  between Russia and any great  harm lie those great and impenetrable spaces that foiled Napoleon, and that are to-day baffling Mackensen's armies. When the  war is over, Germany and Austria, or Britain and France, may  divide the present, but the future belongs to Russia. Qther  nations must hurry or stand still  -Mian choose either the present  or the future���������but Russia can do  -both. -  .France &e-born  France, too, said Mr. Mitchell,  I 4  is a nation on the potter's wheel  ���������being made anew. She had long  since emerged from the corruption and the moral decadence of  t^e Third . Empire. Forty-five  years ago, impotent, humiliated  and sick of soul, France came  through the furnace of war chastened, but with a new faith in  her immortality. Ndt in pride or  vainglory, nor in the boastful effervescence of a half century  since, are Frenchmen to-day  fighting. The fusion and transformation of France.is, though in  another way, as remarkable as  that of Russia. The nation displays today altogether new qualities���������patience, tenacity, and a  quiet, undemonstrative self-sacrifice truly heroic. The world, has  watched, with astonishment and  admiration, a whole nation that  by glorious impersonality of courage, and-the absolute elimination  of self-interest, proves the greatness of a new collective soul.  Then there is Germany. What  of her? She has done mighty  things, but her philosophers  have shut out God from His own  creation, and the whole nation  has become animated with the  ideals of. a base materialism.  Out of the German spirituality  has been wrung dry." Instead of  "Blessed are the meek," they  have .substituted "Blessed are the  valiant, for they shall make the  earth their throne." The German  people are spiritually impoverished, and descending constantly  to lower spiritual levels. Alas  for Germany���������alas for any nation the ideals of which are only  material. What will the Potter  do with this refractory clay?  t Britain's Part;  What of our own nation? What  of Great Britain, that little island set in grey seas, no bigger  than a fishing station for a country; like Russia, yet which for so  Sovereign Radiators *  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  HEATING E^^���������?to^iclency���������  Our Business his beet built up bv merit alone  yy y^A:i&0k&j.ty:;'.  Heating Engineers.  1093 Homer St. Sey. 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IKON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  long has been leading the world  in things that are good ? Much in  her history is-to be deplored, but  there is much also of. which to be  proud, and today Britain is helping the helpless and defending  'the oppressed, and standing up  fo< national and, international  honor'and righteousness. We are  learning anew, in pain, and sacrifice and sorrow, the lesson that  there ^ can be no harmless infraction of the moral law. When-we  consider tbe seed sown, the spirit cherished, the teaching installed, among the nations, it would  have seemed a breakdown in the  whole moral order of God's economy if the harvest had not come  in just the way it has. Abused  Divine patience has changed ,at  last into inexorable wrath. Civilization must be purged of its  impurities, both personal and national.  In closing Mr. Mitchell asked  whether the people of Canada  were really realizing ,the import  of the dreadful times in which  we-live?, Do- we feel that the  whip is on our backs? Are we  more humble, more persistent,  more soberminded? Before Nelson fought at Trafalga'r, after he  had made every possible disposition for the battle, he retired  to his cabin and wrote this brief  prayer: "May the great God  whom I worship grant to my  country, and for the benefit of  Europe in general, great victory,  and may no misconduct in anyone  tarnish it."  Deplores Indifference  "When we project ourselves  across the Atlantic," concluded  Mr. Mitchell, "and see the sorrow-dimmed eyes of wives and  mothers and fatherless children  V-the anxieties and problems  confronting our national leaders  ���������the desolated homes and decimated regiments of Great Britain  ���������when we see devastated Bel  gium and ravished Poland���������  when we think that already Brit  ain has paid' in blood the lives  of thousands upon thousands of  her best and bravest���������and then  when we compare these things  with tbe indifference to the  world crisis manifested even here  in Vancouver by a proportion of  our people, and the greater indifference shown in other parts  of Canada, because our own  people dwell in ease and security  I am ashamed and heartbroken.  I know there is less of gaiety  and of spending,' but isn't this  due at least as much to lack of  money as to a deepseated realization of the tremendous times in  which we live? And when I think  of how little many of us think of  the terrible import of these present days, I wonder if the Great  Potter will allow our national  vessel to be taken off His wheel  until the sharp tooth of His graving instrument shall be marked  in us much more deeply. We may  sow, if we will, still to the wind,  but we shall as surely reap the  whirlwind.  "But after  The  Day  there's  a  price to pay,-  For the sleepers under the sod,  And He, whom you mocked for  many a day���������:  Listen, and hear what He has to  say!     >  ' Vengeance  is Mine!  I  will repay!'  What can you say to God?' "  LOCATING IN THE COLONIES  Already the British Parliament  are considering the. disposal of  returned and released soldiers,  and the proposal to settle a large  number on land in the colonies  meets with favor. Sir Rider Haggard is head of a Commission  that will investigate possibilities  in Canada and other leading colonies. Whatever may be the method adopted in Britain, there  will be hearty co-operation in the  colonies and a hearty rivalry for  this- most desirable class of settler. Britain has already reached the stage at which the possibility of excessive population is  A J''  ''    -r-r-    ,.  -    , Iv  r      ������.  X  One of B. 0.' Lumber Plants  not only recognized but feared,  and there will be ready acceptance there of plana for locating  the industrial surplus under the  flag elsewhere. The colonies must  solve the problem of. giving access and providing opportunities.  The free assumption of millions of untilled acres must. be  looked at more carefully and  more critically. The mother country has vast untilled acres.  These might be opened for  homesteading, but there would be  the owners to reckon with. We  must see how closely we approximate that condition in the colonies and hpw far the change which  has crept slowly on us affects the  problem of locating the men who  have been winning the Empire's  battles.  The prairies, once an inspira-  t.on in the impulse of freedom, no  longer exist.  The prodigal  freedom   with   which   grants   have  been made have put much uncultivated land in Canada in    the  &auie position as the waste land  in Britain. Jt is in the colonies  that the chief difficulties will be  encountered when the need and  opportunity arise for locating the  released men. In* Canada and sister colonies the need is urgent for  the development of plans for the  reception of the coming productive  population.    The  Haggard  Commission and our own Development Commission have a difficult and  important problem  to  solve.  TOU LIE!  In the street of life, walking in  the darkness of the shadow, hungry old Satan was out hunting  with his dogs, the little imps of  human weakness.  A man came walking down's  life's street. Satan said to the little imp, with a bitter face: "Go  get him for me."  Quickly the imp crossed the  street, silently and lightly hopped  to the man's shoulderr'In ,his ear  he whispered: "You are discouraged."  "No," said the man, "I am not  discouraged."  "You are discouraged."  The man replied this time: "I  do not think I am."  Louder and more decidedly the  little imp said: "I tell you, you  are discouraged."  The man dropped his head and  replied: "Well, I suppose I am  The imp, hopping back to Sat  an, said, proudly: "I've got him  he is discouraged."  Another man passed. Again  old Satan said: ("Get him for  me." -   . -  -   ;  The proud little demon of discouragement repeated his tactics.  The first time that he said, "You  are discouraged,", the man repli  ed emphatically: "No!"  The second time the man  >*  j  plied: "I tell you I am not discouraged."       , X        *  The third time he said: "I am  not discouraged. You lie."  The   man   walked   down   the  street,  his. head  up,  going  to-,  ward the light.  The imp of discouragement returned to his'master crestfallen.  "I couldn't get him. Three times  I told him he was discouraged.  The third time he called me a liar  and  that discouraged me."  MORE SHELL ORDERS  FOR BRITISH COLUMBIA  Following upon the representations of the British Columbia  Manufacturers' Association and .  the Boards of Trade to the Borden government,-with respect to  the placing of increased shell orders with British-Columbia machine 'shops, it Js gratifying to  have Hon. W. J. Bowser's an-r  nouncement from Ottawa that fa  British  Columbia  representative -  ill be   appointed  on the Wir~  Purchase Commission,  and that  with respect to the question of in- >.  creased orders matters have been  most satisfactorily arranged:  ��������� no  -!Br  i, Vi  War is the most futile and ferocious of human -follies.  re-  Too often there is a sting back  of honeyed words.  HEED FOR TECHNICAL  .EDUCATION  As to the need of an educational propaganda, there are probably 100,000 boys and girls in Can-  ade of an age from I4\to 16  years who every year become engaged ur occupations connected  with the manufacturing, agricultural, mining or transportation  interests. The present general  plan of education does not provide sufficiently for these young  people. The apprentice system has  passed, ahd technical education  must take its place. The increasing cost of living makes it essential that these young men and  women should have opportunities  to prepare themselves for positions which would bring them  larger incomes. Every manufacturer knows that it pays to engage trained workers at high wages or salaries, in preference to  cheap unskilled labor.  Technical education, including  training in agriculture is essential to the. future of Canada. It  will require a large expenditure  of^ money, but it is vital to the  progress of the nation to have its  young men and women properly  trained for their life work. With  the exception of the war, there is  no other question before the people of Canada of so great importance. If Canadian workmen  had the requisite training, many  orders which now go to foreign  manufacturers would be filled in  Canada. Not only that, but such  training would be a great advantage in the intelligent development of the country's vast natural resources. It is not so much a  question of the lack of capital  that handicaps Canadian manufacturers as it is of not having  sufficient skilled help.  Campbell-Gordon Co., limited  T LIMITED *  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  .Jfead Pipe, Pig Iiead, Pipe and  Vi^e Fittings.  Bailway Tracfc Tools and WWte Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  WO Momev -ifr-aet  i .';���������  fjljXi  >c= -A:  It costs money to travel. If you go down town  there is car fare to pay both ways, and besides  the trip takes up the whole of the morning or afternoon. Then, too, there is the trouble of getting ready.      -/.  Save all expense, time and worry by using the.  telephone. The telephone is particularly convenient to people in suburban or outlying districts. At  all times they can order what they want from any  store. Besides, they are always within reach of  their friends. No writing of letters to effect social engagements.  It is cheaper to telephone than to travel.  It costs less to talk than to write.  TWENTY-FOUR HOUR SERVICE  British Columbia Telephone  COMPANY, LIMITED  r    . ,l/-}  V     ,,,  -' X.  ������������������* . -'I  Xxx  " A"*- f  'Xx  XX" X*V"  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, October 15,1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  PUBLISHED EVEEY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, Bi C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  CANADA'S GOVERNOR-GENERAL  . WHEN THE HISTORY of Canada's participation in the great war is recorded, the part  played by His Royal Highness the Duke of  Connaught will be an outstanding and interesting feature of it.  It was a providential circumstance that our  Governor-General should be a member of the  Royal family during this great struggle. It is  of even greater significance that it should be  the Duke of Connaught. Canada has never had  a more popular Governor-General, nor one with  more tact, and good judgment in the performance of all  his  functions.  It is not merely due to his relationship to the  King that his influence is great in this country.  His personal qualities have won for him the admiration of all classes of Canadians.  Since the war started, he has increased his  activities, and contributed in a remarkable degree  to the development of. that loyal enthusiasm  which has found expression in the recruiting of  nearly two hundred thousand Canadians. His  Royal Highness has shown rare insight in dealing with loyal Canadian questions, and his success as the King's representative before the war  broke out was a preparation for the constant  strain which he has undergone since in stimulating the patriotic fervor of the people of Canada.  Wherever and whenever he. appears, he says and  does just the right thing, and thereby has won  for himself a place in, the hearts of the people  of this country such as none of his predecessors  in the Governor-Generalship have enjoyed.  If he had left us before the war broke out, he  would have been remembered for the deep interest which he took in our affairs, and for the  success which he achieved in civil affairs, but  what he has accomplished since the outbreak  of hostilities, has given him. a peculiar place  among $\l the Governors-Generals in the,history  of Canada.  c/*  NET DEFENSE AGAINST TORPEDOES  LONG AGO American navalL experts declared  their conviction that the nets with which ships of  war-were then-supplied afforded no real-protection against torpedo attack. It is, therefore,  extremely interesting to learn, especially in view  of what has happened since hostilities commenced  a year ago, that an important step in the investigation of the problem of protection against  torpedo attack has been taken by the Bureau of  Construction' and Repair in,, having constructed  at the Norfolk Navy ard a special type of tor-  "pedb nety- the description of which is, for the  present, not divulged. According to "The Army  and Nayy! Register," only a section of the new  net has been made, and this will be shipped to  the Atlantic fleet on board the U.S.S. "Lebanan,"  with instructions to Admiral Fletcher, to have a  practical test of the device by means of an attack such as would occur in time of war. Whatever may be the results, there will undoubtedly remain, our contemporary believes, the divided opinion of naval officers as to the value and  wisdom of adopting that means of defense. Some  offices express preference for such a change in  the design and construction of the ship as will  give protection to tshe vitals, but this can only  be accomplished at a sacrifice of speed, of which  characteristic there are many ardent advocates  who will not view with favor any change of  lines which will reduce speed. Of course, the re-  is always the chanec that there may be found  some form of attack which will prove a menace  to the submarine���������a type of submarine-destroyer.  . In England there has appeared a new telephone device which renders posible the summoning of a subscriber back to the telephone after  he has been asked to "hold the-wire" while the  party at the other end is looking up some'desired information. The device is: in reality a  loud-speaking horn. If the subscriber called  does not wish to hold the receiver to his ear,  he can place it over the horn and go about Ms  duties. The calling party's voice is so amplified, that he may be'heard throughout a room.  WITH THE ITALIAN FIGHT BBS ON THE MOUNTAIN TOP8  KITCHENER NEEDS MORE MEN  LORD KITCHENER has spoken. Not only  that, but some of his colleagues in the government have spoken too, and the burden of  their song is that the present rate of voluntary  enlistment is not sufficient, in their opinion, to  kep the army up to its full strength. In the  course of his remarks the war minister spoke of  the British strength as sufficient, but he impressed the necessity of keeping it so, to which end .  the present numbers coming forward wer. inadequate.  The fact is that while casualties were continu;  ous in the trench warfare of the west front, they  were not very heavy. The defensive works had  been greaty strengthened, besides which the men  had earned ,to hed them with the minimum' of  risk.     .      , '       X , '   ' '  "  The reeent offensive, likely to be vigorously  pressed from now on, alters all that, and means.  heavy and continuous casualties.     Jt is to pro-,  vide reinforcements to imake up this prospective  wastage tbat more men are required than are at.,  present offering themselves, under the presnt  systra.  It remains to be seen how the plain speaking  of those leaders in whom the British public has  confidence will stimulate recruiting. Up to this  time, no such appeal has been in vain, and it  may very well be that the response will be ade-���������  quate.  Already some, three million patriots have offered themselves for service, and that huge num.-/  ber must have greatly depleted the ranks of tbe  unselfish and tbe brave. There remain millions;  more,-it is true, but of these many are engaged*.-  in the manufacture of munitions, from which absolutely necessary work it is impossible to take  them/ many more are physically unfit, and hundreds of thousands are frankly determined not  to go unless they are made.  A broad conscription at the present time  might engender such labour troubles as to make  the latter state worse than the first. British  statesmen know this, hence their desire to steer  clear df such a dangerous shoal.-  Lord Kitchener speaks of a limited conscription. He thinks it may be necessary, nay that  it will be so, unless recruiting improves, to get  men by compulsion, using the ballot as a means,  and drawing first upon the unmarried men of  younger age.  Disguise it as we may, this is] conscription1 '  True, it is limited in scope, but it is the thin  edge of tbe wedge, and not such a very thin  edge at that.  With such a system adopted in Great Britain,  the question would immediately become a live  one here.  There seems to be, at present, some difference  of opinion as to whether Canadians are coming  forward in sufficient numbers, but this must soon  be settled by the authoritative statement of the  government. .  Now that winter is approaching, we may look  for an increase in the flow of recruits, if that  increase is really needed. Time would soon tell  whether the supply was equalling the demand,  and if it were not, what then? Would we be;,  strong enough in our patriotic determination to  stand for enforced soldiering in this country,  whose citizens have enjoyed freedom from such  burdens all their: lives? Undoubtedly there  would be feverish protests from, some parts of  Canada, riots perhaps, but if the great majority of our people stood firmly for the policy, the  politiciansi of"both parties would have to do the  same, and sporadic,and local violence would be  speedily overcome.  t  It would not be at all surprising if, by next  spring. \\f saw some sort if .oi:&������-ription in  Canada.  ADVENT OF COMMERCIAL  WIRELESS TELEPHONY  THE ANNOUNCEMENT of the successful  wireless telephone tests held on Spetember 29th  between the government wireless station, at Arlington, near Washington, and a temporary installation at Pearl Harbor,.Hawaii, a1 distance  of 4,900 miles by air line, has> been received by  the world  of science  in  general, and wireless  ,men in particular, with the greatest surprise.  .No more important step ihas been<made in, wire-.  ^ less communication during recent years. And the  amazement created by the achievement is considerably amplified by the fact that the success  is. scored by an unknown wireless telephone system which has been secretly developed during  the past three years by the engineers of the  American Telephone and Telegraph Company.  Aside from the great distances covered, the  tests are interesting in that they have demonstrated the possibility of speaking into any Bell  telephone instrument and have tbe conversation  transferred to the wireless telephone apparatus  situated several hundred miles away. This, obviously, renders the future commercial wireless  telephone available to any one having access to  the regular telephone service; and it is not impossible that at no distant date a person in his  home, using the ordinary telephone instrument,  will' be able~ to" hold' conversation with another  person on,a steamer in mid-ocean. We have the  assurances of John J. Carty, chief engineer of  the company and head ^of^the corps of engineers  who developed the new wireless telephone, that  this will be realized within but few years' time.  The wireless; telephone has always toiled under an unlucky star.,,It never enjoyed tbat period of infancy in the laboratory that Js accorded,  most inventions���������it was exploited long before  it approached a state of commercial practicability, and hence resulted-in ignominous failure.  Little wonder that the possibilities of the wireless telephone have been, and still are to a great  .extent, regarded with suspicion and derision by  the scientific world. But it is fast living down  its past unsavory reputation. Slowly, but surely, it has <$nie i^to its own,, now to be crowned  by the greatest achievement of' all���������long distance communication in the presence of the government officials and as the protege of capable,  telephone engineers as well as e powerful business organization.���������Scientific American.  One of the latest British inventions consists  of a new type of automatic gear change for automobiles. Generally speaking, the speed gear  comprises a straight-through gear box, operated by a central spindle. The spindle is  connected to a spring-controlled sliding member  which in its turn is adjusted longitudinally by,  the centrifugal governor above it.' When starting the car the gear lever is shifted from neutral  into either the first forward, or reverse positions.  After the driven .shaft has reached a certain  speed the centrifugal governor automatically  brings the next gear into action; .when the speed  has again increased, the highest-speed ratio is engaged similarly. Retarding tti'e speed of the car  causes the reverse series of operations to take,  place. ������������������.������������������X  MUSIC AND MEN  IN ALL AGES martial music has been as regular an accompaniment of military exercises as  weapons themselves, and regiments on the march  without bands have been as dull and dispiriting  as theatres without orchestras. Whatever may  have been the case for some months after the  outbreak of this war, the stupidity of ignoring  music and eloquence as aids to recruiting placards, however visible, or vulgar, has now cetas-  ed, and the sounds of music thrills in the ears  of Londoners daily.. This is as it should be, and  we are glad that our numerous open spaces in  the intervals of joyous and patriotic strains are  filled with enthusiastic gatherings of all ranks  and ages, and include generally some youths who  follow the drum and trumpet to the recruiting  station and1 join the colours for ivar: 'The'social and educational value of well-trained bands  of music and cheerful marches cannot be ��������� too  highly reckoned, and if, by any chance at some  meetings the result in recruits happens to be  small, nevertheless the ultimate gain is very great  indeed, morally and from a military point 6f  view, and bears fruit in the minds of all.  FRINGE LOUIS OF -BATTENBERG  AS THE BRITISH FLEET has saved our  Allies from defeat, as Mr. Balfour says, it would ���������  be regrettable if any unseemly controversy should  arise as to who should receive the credit for  sending the fleet into the North Sea at the crit-,  ical moment.    The parliamentary view is that;  Mr. Churchill kept the fleet together at the completion of the manoeuvr_es,_and ordered it_to hohL-  the northern seas against Germany.   Mr. Fred T.  Jine denies this, and gives the credit to Prince,  Louis of Battenberg.   No one should wish to deprive Prince Louis of any credit due to him, for  his work at the Admiralty has not been adequate-.  ly appreciated by the public. But the story ac*X  cepted  in parliament and supported by many  facts does not confirm the version given by the  well-known writer on naval sbjects.   It is to be  remembered that the Cabinet, whatever its shortcomings in other respects, at any rate was aware  that regularly in the late summer for some years,  Germany was in a bellicose mood, and brought  Europe more than once to the brink of war, and,  as Mr. Churchill said in parliament, our fleet  was usually comparatively weak in home waters  in the  late summer. , The great credit  due to  Prince Louis of Battenberg is that he foresaw  the importance of having our fleet ready for action at that period of the year.  ' In order to take motion pictures at night amid  country scenes far removed from electric power  lines, a leading American photoplay producer  has fitted up a fair-sized power plant on a big  motor truck:' The portable lighting equipment  includes a number, of projection lamps which may  be connected to the powei; plant by 2,000-foot  cables. This permits the projection lamps to be  taken into caves, ravines or other inaccessible  places that may be found suitable as backgrounds for the photoplays. > A 13-inch navy  type search-light is one of the features of the  portable lighting plant. It is so mounted at the  side of the driver's seat that its rays of. light  may be played in any direction. Tf need be, this  searchlight may be employed to illuminate .mo-,-  tion pictureV settings in conjunction with the  other -lamps. Current for .the , lamps and  searchlight is supplied by. a generator-,which is  driven by the motor truck engine. The entire  portable plant outfit weight approximately four  '.tons.''   -������������������       -V   ......-.���������.;      v.X  ���������;.-...:.".,. .       -.,A.. . .....   _-. '   ,  ������  .   K'-i    V*  Friday, October 15, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  NOT A BLUNDER  Severe criticism is being made  if British  diplomats  because  of  |the  outcome  of  recent  negotiations with the  Balkan  capitals.  [The British Empire, however, will  Ibe slow to accept this criticism at  [its face value, in,.view of the cir-  sumstances and conditions which  fhad to be dealt with in this case.  i)   The diplomacy exhibited by Sir  Edward Grey in connection with  Ihis efforts to prevent the present  1 war and,   subsequently,   to . surround the enemy with hostile nations,  was  altogether admirable.  Diplomatic ability capable of rising to such heights as have already been achieved would hardly bungle, as critics allege it has  bungled, the Balkan problem.   .  For various reasons, the situation in the Balkans at present has  assumed an aspect of great gravity, but for this result it is, highly probable that Sir Edward Grey  is blameless. It is known, in the  first place, that some of these  Balkan nations are absolutely  without honor. Their policy is to  grab as much additional territory  as they^ can whenever such action is possible. Bulgaria, for instance, thinks it safe to enter the  war at present because one consideration and one alone, military power, impresses her.  The Balkan situation got out of  hand, from our standpoint, with  the retreat from Galicia of the  Rusian armies. That is what  made it possible for the Teutonic powers to put their best foot  forward at Sofia and convinced  Bulgaria that the central powers  would prevail and would preside  over the.distribution of the spoils.  This is what decided the alignment of the Balkan states, this  and Bulgaria's soreness over the  loss of territory in the second  Balkan war, for wbicb she blames  Serbia. *  Modern history establishes nothing more convincing than the  mystery of Near Eastern  ques  tions by British diplomats. British diplomats have made mistakes ; they may have made them  of late; but not until the fact is  established by details will the  public be prepared to accept the  view that Sir Edward Grey and  his advisors have bungled the  Balkan situation. In time of war  particularly military power is the  best support for diplomatic skill.  This is remarkably so in the Balkans.���������Montreal Daily Mail.  A  NATIONAL PERIL  One of the most serious sayings  that the recent important Church  Synod put before the country was  that of the Primate, Archbishop  Matheson. It is a thing that has  been often said, and under .existing circumstances a prelate residing in Winnipeg could not  help saying it; but, spoken thus,  as it were ex cathedra, it challenges the whole country to  thought: "There must be a cleansing of the springs of our political life or else our whole character and ideals as a Canadian  nation will be imperilled." We  gather that His Grace, not only  felt that a pit of uncleanness had  opened beneath him in his own  diocese, but that he believes that  the evil of political corruption is  continuously on the increase. This  is a view which those who observe the, great amelioration going on from generation to generation in the working of democracy in many countries will be  very loath to accept. Since the  days when George Brown, at the  bead of what was called the Reform party, thundered against p'o-  lirical corruption, there has never  been a time in Canada, when the  country did not seem to be hanging over this putrid abyss. There  are. those,who remember when  elections in Montreal were carried by axe bandies, a handy kind  of club that was to be found then  in bundles along'with children's,  traiuaux, wooden shovels and so  forth, at the door of every wood-  ware" shop. There are those who  can remember that even the  great reformers carried sheafs of  five dollar bills into questionable  concessions,in an election. "Say  not the former times were better  than these," There is on the,one  hand a constant education towards better things, on the other  there is a constant flow from  lands where the people have no  "responsibility. Unfortnately, too,  there is a disproportionate multiplication of those populations  which are least trained by their  religions to a sense of moral responsibility. All this must be faced, for the more advanced members of the human family can-  not say: Am I my brother's keeper. To refuse entrance to such  peoples may amount to a denial  of that universal fraternity  which is the very essence of  Christian civilization and which  is its acknowledged goal.���������Montreal Witness.  ASIA HONOR  ision of Turkey in Asia among  the Allies, when its present rulers  shall have been finally relegated  to their old home on the central  pateau, between the Taurus'and  Anti-Taurus, and the sugject races  they have so long misgoverned  and oppressed are given a chance  to take the place that belongs to  them in the world."  I WOULD  1 There is as little doubt that,  had the war been postponed, the  Germans would have been able  to consolidate their influence  over the entire territory traversed  by the Bagdad railway between  Konia and Basra. That there  should be no rival admitted to  share that influence was' fully  provided for by the comprehensive concessions secured in regard  to the bay and port of Alexandre tfa, where was to^be placed I would ,in all life's dark and  the Mediterranean terminus of I - lonely hours,;  the railway. But now, the island |!We, too, might put our hand in  I would we grew'more gentle day  by day;  I would that smiles more often  .^'"eame to pay  About our lips, to dwell within  our eyes;,  I ��������� would   that we   could   see   in  God's fair skies  More  oft  the  blue and  not the  sombre gray;  I would we grew, more flowers on  'Jlife's way.  I. would we grew less swift to  ., chide and blame;  I:would we used more oft love's  other name,  And that our hearts grew daily  .    yet more  kind;  I would we were more oft a little blind;  And  in our homes  and  on   the  ,  crowded street  I would we heard the coming of  His feet.   ��������� ,  I would we   grew   more like' a  little child;  I would our spirits were as pure,  as mild,  And   that    the    childlike   faith  might, too, be ours;  The Evolution of  Royal Standard Flour  FIRST���������Canadian  fields of golden wheat,  sun-  ripened into plumpness.  SECOND���������This' harvest's choice, tested by experts. ' -   '<        '  THIRD���������Modern methods milling ROYAL  STANDARD into utmost cleanliness  and purity.  FOURTH���������Big, clean, wholesome loaves of  bread, excellent buns, biscuits, etc.  FIFTH���������A housewife who KNOWS' that ROYAL STANDARD cannot be excelled*-  a housewife who knows it is tb her  interest to patronize home industry,  and to INSIST that her grocer deliver her this 'unequalled made-in-B. C.  Flour.  At ALL Stores. Look for the circle V trademark.  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Ltd.  Vancouver, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria  ANGORA AND  MILCH GOATS  of Cyprus, which stands like* a  sentinel across the Gnlf of Alex-  andretta, has been finally 'incorporated with the British 'Empire,  While at the other end, a British  ai*my is closing its grasp on the  railroad at Bagdad. Hence, instead of a Teutonized Asia Minor,  speculation now turns to-the div-  ' His and say,  "I'm   not   afraid;   my  !  1"' knows the way."  "  \  Father  \  The B. C. Provincial Department of Agriculture has recently  published a bulletin on Angora  and Milch goats, which contains  some very interesting facts and  particulars for any one interested in the raising of these ani  mate:  All the mountainous countries  ASSIST THE FARMER  We would like to see the Dominion government and the Provincial government assist the  fruit industry and general farm-'  ing of this province, in the same  way as the lead industry,, the  lumber industry and a number' of  other industries of. the province.  It  is /said that farming, is the  ! The first snow of the season  fell in England, September 30. The  mountains of North Wales and  the peaks of Derbyshire are  thickly capped with white.  ���������protected from all impurities by the perfect waxed wrapper.  The BETTER  Breads  are protected through every process. Made clean���������wrapped clean  X -,-delivered clean.  AT YOUR  GROCERS  5c  THE FULL  1 .LB. LOAF  OR DmECT FROM  HAMPTON - PINCHIN  Makers of Better Bread.  Phones Fair. 443-1013  -c  of the old world have long been.,    _. _  famous for their gpats, and goat- backb<me of any country. If the  raising has played an important tn*th   ^ **���������* *������ * country,;e*n;  part in. the agricultural development of these lands.  Wherever well enough known,  goats have evidently become appreciated. Our modern conception  of a back-lot nanny-goat living  on anything from old shoes to  current literature is largely due  to lack of knowledge of the real  habits and qualifications of these  useful animals.  Goats are of economic importance. Milch goats in Germany  and .Switzerland alone yield annually close on to $60,000,000  worth of. products, three times the  assessed value of the animals  themselves.  Milch goats are distributed in  many countries besides the two  mentioned, taking the place of  milch .cows in the_countries_bor-  dering on the Mediterranean  and in Asia. Angoras are established in only a few countries���������  mainly in Turkey, South Africa,  Australia, and the United States.  In the United States the Angora-goat industry is making rapid strides, these goats now  numbering well over a million,  with an average clip of nearly  5,000,000 lb. of mohair worth .34  cents per pound. Besides this, the  United States each year imports  about 2,000,000 lb. of mohair,  whilst England imports about 20,-  000,000 lb. annually from Turkey  and South Africa. Nearly half  .this comes from Turkey.  In British Columbia at present  there are many more wild mountain-goats than goats of the domesticated breeds. Switzerland is  a country only one twenty-fourth  the size of British Columbia, yet  its annual yield of milch-goat  products alone is equal in value  to half the .total annual yield  from agriculture in this province.  This illustrates the possibilities of  the industry which will some day  be realized on the millions of,  acres of mountainous and rugged  land in British Columbia.  grow rich and prosperous unless,  it has a good class of prosperous  farmers, then why should not onr  governments use everyk means of  assisting? The real truth of the  matter is that it is not a get-rich-  quick mode of living and tbe  gambling side of it is not so attractive as tbat of many other  industries���������or in other words,  not worth the attention of the  governments to help along. Eh ?���������  Fraser Valley Record.  Ottawa, Canada  PRIN0LE 4% GUTHRIE  Barristers awl Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie,  Parliamentary Solicitors, departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioner.  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of th*  Bar of British Columbia.  Citaen Building, Ottawa.  '        "c   ������  "    "~������     "4  _ ;  / '  _  >���������   J  ,������       <X-|  'i';  \ V  ~r   ,    ^  . X"  ���������-J,*  ^flvW'lWf'  When the Alberta legislature  next meets, it will amend the  Election Act so that illiterates  will be excluded from voting.  Rural mail deliveries in Ontario have resulted in the closing  of 1,100 small post offices in this  province in the last three years.  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  The Dow Fraser Trust Co. offers a special service to individual  trustees who would appreciate  the advantage of having the clerical and routine, administration  of their trusts carried on by an  expert organization at reasonable charges.  Enquiry and interview solicited.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings ..St. West  McKay Station,  Burnaby Friday, October 15,1915.  HOME TABLE  HINTS  A function of. the meals at home is to give color tp all the home life.   The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued,  is by one  of the  best  known and valued1  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States.       We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, October 16  And the rough walnut-bough receives  The sun upon its crowded leaves,  Each colored  like   a   topaz   gem;  And the  tall maple  wears with   them  The coronal, which  autumn  gives,  The brief, bright sign of ruin near,  The  hectic  of  a  dying year!  -   -^-John   Greenleaf  Whittier.  Breakfast���������Apple Sauce. Broiled Honeycomb  Tripe. Lyonnaise Potatoes. Rusks. Coffee .  Dinner���������Potato Soup. Veal Cutlets. Macaroni au Gratin. Oyster Plant. Beet Salad. Baked  Quinoes with Hard Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Escalloped Lima Beans. Cress and  Radish Salad. Yeast Rolls. Banana Fritters. Tea.  Baked Quinces  Peel and core the quinces, place in a baking,  dish, fill the cavities with sugar add a little grated rind, pour in enough water to half fill the  dish, cover and bake several hours in a moderate oven.     Serve while hot with a hard sauce.  Sunday, October 17    .  So many roads, where we win or lose;  So many ways, so hard to choose;  So much  that's hidden, so little light;  The only thing whatever we do,  Is to follow the voice of the soul's that true  The  still,   small voice that  leads us right.  ���������Madison Carvein.  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Creamed Salt Codfish. Toasted English Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato    Bisque.    Roast    Venison.  Sweet Potato Souffle. Brussels Sprouts. Pickled'  Cherries. Coffee Parfait. Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Potato and Walnut Salad. Bread and  Butter Sandwiches. Chocolate Cake. Tea.  Sweet Potato Souffle  Press through' a sieve two eupfuls of mashed  sweet potato and add one tablespoonful* of brown  sugar, one tablespoonful of butter melted, the  beaten yolks of two eggs, one and one-half cupfuls of milk and pepper and salt to taste. Beat  thoroughly, fold in the stiffly beaten whites and  bake about half an hour.  . Monday, October 18  The windless hills were bathed in the gold  Of their own autumnal atmosphere���������  The thousand hues of tbe parting year  In their' banners of glory mixed, fold on fold. -  ���������George S. Burleigh.  RreakfMfr���������Bananas. Cereal with Cream.  Spanish Omelet. Toast.-Coffee.  . Pinner���������Cheese Canapes. Beef Stew with  Dumplings. String Bean Salad. Rice Meringue.  Coffe.  SwPper���������Meat Croquettes. Baked Potatoes.  Rye Bread. Apple Sauce. Gingersnaps. Tea.  Rice Meringue /  Wash one-half cupful of rice in several waters, then turn into one quart of hot milk and  cobk_over boiling" water untHvery^tender:' Beat  the yolks of four eggs, add six tablespoonfuls  of sugar and one-third of a teaspoonful pf salt  and combine with, the rice while hot. Flavor  with two teaspoonfuls of vanilla and turn into a  buttered baking dish. Beat the whites to a stiff  froth, fold in four tablespoonfuls of sugar, and  a dash of salt, spread over the pudding and  brown in a hot oven.  Tuesday, October 18th  Our common mother rests and sings  Like Ruth, among her garnished sheaves;  Her' lap is full of goodly'< things,  Her brow is bright with autumn leaves.    .  ���������Whittier.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream.���������Minced Beef  on Toast. Quince Marmalade. Coffee.  Dinner ��������� Barley Soup. Baked Ham, Cider  Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Spinach Salad. Apple  Indian  Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Clam Chowder. Crisped Crackers.  Cucumber Pickles. Apple Sauce Cake. Tea.  Quince Marmalade  Pare, core and cut the fruit into small pieces.  Put the skins and cores into a preserving kettle,  cover with cold water, cook until, tender, then  rub through a puree sieve. Add the remainder  of the quinces and three-quarters of a pound of  sugar for each pound of fruit and boil, stirring  frequently until smooth and firm. Turn into jars,  cover with paraffin when cold and keep in a dry  place.  Wednesday, October 20th  An autumn forest in thin country looks as if all  the-rainbows had fallen out of the skies and broken to  pieces   on   the  trees.  ���������Rev.  C.  A. Dixon.       ,  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Fried  Eggs. Potato Pancakes. Coffee.  Dinner���������Spinach Soup. Roast Chicken. Pickl- '  ed Peaches. Steamed Rice. Stuffed Peppers. Maple Tapioca Cream. Coffee.  Supper���������Cold Ham. French Fried Potatoes.  Tea Biscuits. Stewed Figs. Tea.  /  Maple Tapioca Cream  Soak one-half cupful of tapioca in cold water  over night. In the morning drain tapioca in a  double boiler with one pint of hot milk, one-half  cupful of granulated sugar, one cupful of maple  sugar and one-half teaspoonful of salt and cook  until soft. Stir in slowly the beaten yolks of  two eggs, cook a minute longer, remove from the  fire and.fold in the stiffly beaten whites. Chill  and serve with a garnish of whipped cream.  i ;  Thursday, October 21  Clear, mellow days,       /  Cool misty morns, dark flecks of pine  Dappling the  mantled hills, which shine  'Neath long lance, rays  Of topaz, tipped with purest fire.  ���������Daniel Chase.   _     ������  Breakfast���������Sliced Oranges. Eggs Vermicelli  on Toast. Rice Waffles. Coffee.  v.. ���������  Dinner���������Onion Puree. Lamb/ Chops. Baked  Sweet Potatoes. Stewed Tomatoes. Lettuce and  Roquefort Salad. Prune Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Chicken and"Ham Croquettes. Cream-,  ed Celery. Rusks. Steamed Figs. Sunshine Cake.  Tea.  Sunshine Cake  Beat the whites of seven eggs to a foam, add  one-third of a teaspoonful each of cream of  tartar and salt, and. continue beating until very  stiff. Stir in lightly one cupful of fine granulated sugar, add the beaten yolks of five eggs and  one teaspoonful of flavoring, fold in two-thirds  of a cupful of sifted fldur, turn into an ungreas-  ed pan and bake from forty to fifty minutes.  Friday, October 22  "Yon golden tree���������  Its work is done^- ~~  Yet, for to-day, aflame it stands  In- autumn sun.  ���������M. E. L.  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Fried  Smelts. Graham'Gems. Coffee..  Dinner���������Cream of. Pea Soup. Planked White  Fish,  Potato Border.  Buttered Beets.  Chicory.  Salad. Orange Whip. Wafer*. Coffee.  Supper���������Scallop and Lobster Salad. Vienna  Rolls. Canned Cherries. Cake. Tea. :-,.,  Scallop and Lobster Salad  Wash one pint of scallops, simmer until  tender in boiling salted water, drain and cut in  small pieces. Add an espial quantity of cooked  lobster meat, sprinkle with French dressing, let  stand one or more hours, drain, moisten with  Mayonnaise and serve in nests of lettuce leaves.  E S  JINGLE POT  K|  COAL  |  "USTS LONGER"  XT  Let us put in your winter's supply.  }  Lump $6.50  Nut  5.50  j  Lower Than Ever Before    '  r  3  S  \  3  i  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  (Formerly Vancouver Coal Company)  Sey. 5408-5409  X'Sl  "     *                                                                                       ...-J.  With few exceptions the hotel  proprietors of Ottawa have voluntarily agreed that they will  not sell wines or spirituous liquors to any person in military  uniform..This step has been taken  largely out of respect for the desire of. the militia authorities to  promote sobriety among the soldiers who, it is officially announced, will be stationed in Ottawa  during the winter season. Thirty-  six proprietors' and hotel managers signed the agreement immediately it was explained to  them by those who inaugurated  the movement. Only three refused to put their signatures to the  papers, agreeing to take this  step.  All German employees on the  railroads of Italy have been discharged.  The Pacific Coast Hockey Association met this week and elected its officers and drew up a  schedule for the coming season.  Frank Patrick, of Vancouver, is  again president of the circuit,  and the inclusion of Seattle in  the league makes the association  a four-team affair. Victoria  will again be in the running, and  the various managers are now  on the lookout for new blood for  the league, as some of the teams  as at present constituted are car-T  rying a few has-beens. No new  rules will be introduced into the  game here this season, the playing rules of last season standing. The new schedule will open  on December 7th, and two games  per week will be played. The  schedule is as follows:  Dec. 7���������Portland at Vancouver,  Victoria at Seattle.  Dec. 10���������Vancouver at Portland; Seattle at Victoria.  Dec. 14���������Victoria at Vancouver;  Portland at  Seattle.  Dec. 17���������Vancouver at Victoria; Seattle at Portland.  Dec. 28���������Victoria at Portland;  Vancouver at Seattle.  Jan. 4���������Seattle at Vancouver;  Portland at Victoria.  Jan. 7���������Portland at Seattle.  Jan. 11���������Victoria at Vancouver/  Jan. , 14���������Vancouver at Portland; Seattle at Victoria.  Jan. 18���������Victoria at Seattle;  Portland at Vancouver.  Jan. 21���������Portland at Victoria.  Jan. 25���������Vancouver^at Seattle;  Victoria at Portland.  Jan. 28���������Seattle at Vancouver.  Feb. lXseattle at Portland;  Vancouver, at Victoria.  Feb. 4-r-Portland at Vancouver; Victoria at Seattle.  Feb. 8���������Vancouver at Portland; Seattle at Victoria.  Feb. 11���������Victoria at Vancouver; Portland at Seattle.  Feb. 15���������Portland at Victoria.  ) Feb. 18���������Seattle at Vancouver.  Victoria at Portland .  Feb. 22���������Vancouver at Seattle.  . Feb. 25V���������Vancouver   at   Vic  toria^ Seattle at Portland.  FBRDIE FORD FLOSSIE  y ferdie Featherwaite, fast fellow, found fault with father fi  nancier.    -  - ���������  Father foolishly forgave, furnishing Ferdie fine Flubdub Flyer/  Ferdie forthwith" furnished "fun.  for forty, feathered,  fickle fern  inines,   fondly   fancying  feminines .fast friends.  Feminines fed Ferdie flattery.  Ferdie fed feminines frog-legs  and fixings.  , Father's finances flew fast.  Friday, February fourth, foreshadowed Ferdie \a finish.  Flossie Footsies, fawn-like filly, flaunted Ferdie.  JFerdie's fury flamed.  Former feminine flirts fittingly  faded.  First Ferdie funked.  Finally Ferdie formed federation for. febrile fops.  Faking, Ferdie's foxy father  feigned fury.  ^Flubdub Flyer furnished father  fortuitous facility for fixing Ferdie's fate.  Father found a Ford for Ferdie.  Fastidious fellows felicitated  Ferdie.  Ferdie feeling fine, forsook flippancy, finally finding firm foundation for future.  Forsaking former frivolities,-  fawn-like Flossie Footsies followed Ferdie's firm foot-steps.  Ferdie.fondled Flossie.  Ferdie, fiance, Flossie, fiancee.  Father, finance.  Flushes.  Flowers.  Finis.  ���������Ford Times.  The man who has a medal and  never wears it deserves another.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valu-  able to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indi-  cation of unfavorable  conditions, and for  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES j  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY . _t..ik.  V'(  W"      *W   <���������!���������,���������   wA���������** -*-- "������J*������.**i***������������*������t*'J-^-  .  ���������V'M ������������������+* 4t������**4-������-Vif M������     ^  i   ll-.lt     ���������,  Friday, October 15, 1915.  SPORTING COMMENT  Ottawa and Hamilton got the  jump on the' other teams in the  Big Four eastern circuit. The Tigers visited Toronto and swamped  the Argos, last year's champions,  while Ottawa was downing the  M. A. team at Montreal. Both  games were first class contests  and. the winners had to work  hard. It looks as if the championship will lie between Ottawa and Hamilton.  Rumor is rife in hockey circles  ./this. week'.oyer a report emahat-  from Ottawa that Fred Taylor,  the star of the hockey world, will  go east and will line up with the  Senators. No wonder Ottawa is  anxious to have'' Cyclone'' again.  His wonderful playing in the series on the coast last spring was  largely responsible for the rout  of the Ottawa team as cup-challengers. Taylor is without any  doubt, the best all round player  in the game to-day, and coast  fans/ who have grown to admire  him for his sporting and private  life would be loath to see him go  away from the coast.  Pete Muldoon is slated to manage the "Metropolitans" of Seattle in the coast league this winter.  *   #  The Boston Kex Sox, champions  of the American league, won the  world title in baseball circles during the past week by defeating  the Philadelphia Nationals four  games out of five starts. The  first game was won by Philadelphia, and the other four by the  Boston team. The result is just  about the difference between the  playing abilities of the two great  leagues. The Boston team had it  on their opponents in all departments of the game. The great  Alexander, the������ Phillies' pitcher,  was credited with one win and  one loss out of two starts.  *  ���������  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterians Win  The annual field day of the  Vancouver Sunday School Athletic League was held on the  King Edward high school grounds  on Saturday last, and was a de-  'cided success. The day was ex-  A Safe Investment���������BONDS  "No safer form of investment Mn he suggested thia Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record it naicue in that  Our list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 par cent, yield, and fun  practically no default haa ever taken place in their payment."  particulars, fnrnishett upon application; by mail or telapkoae. BaqoixtM  invited.       _______ - l _______  OBPBBLBY, SOUNBEFBLL * 00, LHUXBD  Established 1888  Molson's Bank Building. MS Hartlngi Bt West  Investments.  HANBUErS  VOX  UIMPER-r-SASH-POO-RS  WOOP & COAL  JPfcone: Bayview.1075  Phones: North Van. 323 ancUQ3.  Seymour 2132.  L  mim^  Steel a:p4 ^Woo^en Vessels? Euttt, J>ocJ_ei Painted  ��������� and BfeP^e^������  North Vancouver, B. 0*  ceptionally fine, aad the number  of contestants large. At 10 o'clock  in the morning the program of  events started, and were completed at 5 o'clock in the afternoon. Nine different schools  were represented, and the honors  fdr the day fell to the -Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian school.  Meadows, of Mt. Pleasant  Presbyterian won the senior  championship,", while Murray, of  the same school, won the intermediate championship. Hamilton,  of St. Mark's, won the junior  championship.  J. Cameron, of Ht. Pleasant  Methodist Sunday School, took  part in the afternoon meet, and  gave- a splendid exhibition.' His  throw in the Shot putting contest  was 51 ft. 2 inches, almost within the Canadian record. In* the  senior 100 yards -dash Meadows,  of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian, won  in 102-5 sees.  - Next Saturday evening a reunion of the prize winners will  be held, likely in the Y.M.C.A.,  when the pries will be presented.  The result in points for the  day was as follows: Mount Pleasant Presbyterian, 48; St. Mark's,  43; Kitsilano Methodist, 14; Mt.  Pleasant Methodist, 14; Kitsilano  Baptist, 14; First Presbyterian,  4; Sixth Ave Methodist, 3;. Collingwood Presbyterian, 3; Dundas Methodist, 2.  Senior Competitions  100-yard dastf���������1, Meadows (10  2-5),\Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 2, Cameron, Mt. Pleasant Methodist; 3,  W. Nicholson, Kitsilano Baptist.  220-yard, dash���������1, Meadows,  (25 2,5), Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 2.  Cameron, Mt. Pleasant Meth.; 3,  P. Nicholson, Kitsilano Baptist.  440-yard dash���������1, Milne (59  2-5),. Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 2, P.  Nicholson6 3,  Cameron.  One-mile run���������1, Charlesworth  (5 min. 31 2-5 sec), Kitsilano  Methodist; 2, Milne; 3, Caspell,  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian.  One-mile   relay���������Mt. Pleasant  Presbyterian (by default).  -)  Running high r jump���������1, Meadows, Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 2, Pawe,  St. Mark's; 3, Cameron.  Running broad jump���������1, Meadows, Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 2, Cameron, Mt. Pleasant Meth.; 3,1)awe  St. Mark's.        X  Hop, step0 and jump���������1, Meadows (40 ft. 4 in.); Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian; 2, Cameron,  Mt. Pleasant Methodist; 3, Pawe,  St.-Mark's.^^^^^^^^^  Shot put���������1, Cameron, Mount  Pleasant Methodist; 2, Kemp, Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian; 3, Barnett, St. Mark's.  Intermediate  Competitions  100-yard   dash���������1, Wilkinson,  Collingwood     Presbyterian;     2,  Dixon, St. Mark's; 3, Stewart,  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian; 4,  Murray, Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian. ** ,  220-yard dash ��������� 1, Williams  (25.4 sec), Kitsilano Baptist; 2.  Stewart, Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian; 3, Dixon, St. Mark's; 4, Murray, Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian.  440-yard dash���������1, Williams, 52  1-5 sees.), Kitsilano Baptist; 2,  Stewart, Mt. Pleasant .Presbyterian; 3, Holton, Kitsilano Meth.  , 880-yard dash���������1, Williamson  (2 mins. 26 2-5 sees.), Kitsilano  Baptist; 2, Holton, Kitsilano Methodist; 3, Morse, St. Mark's.  Half-mile relay���������1, Mt. Pleasant Pres. team; Smith, McBride,  Murray and Stewart; 2, St.  Mark'?s team, Mude^Brett, Salter  and Morse.  Running high jump���������1, Murray, Mt; Pleas. Pres.; 2, Pixon,  St. Mark's; 3, Meadows, Mt.  Pleas. Presbyterian.  Running broad jump���������1, Eas-  son (17 ft. 10 in.), Kitsilano  Presbyterian; 2, Murray, Mount  Pleasant Pres:; 3, Williams, Kitsilano Baptist; 4, Keenleyside,  Kitsilano Methodist.  Running hop, step and jump���������  1, Murray (37 ft. 91-2 in.), Mt.  Pleasant Pres.; 2, McBride, Mt.  Pleasant Pres.; 3, Dixon, St.  Mark's; 4, Morse, St. Mark's.  Shot put���������1, Pixon, St. Mark's;  2, Murray,  Mt.  Pleasant Pres.;  3, Smith, Mt. Pleasant Pres.; 4,  Meadows* Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian,  Grand aggregate (intermediate)  ���������Mt. Pleasant, 12; St. Mark's,  12; Kitsilano Baptist, 10.  Junior Competitors  50-yard dash���������1, Ellison (6  sees.), St. Mark's; 2, Hamilton,  St. Mark's; 3, Paul, First Presbyterian; 4, Stewtfrt, Kitsilano  Methodist.  220-yard dash���������1, Ellison (27  sees), St. Mark's; 2, Crann, Mt.'  Pleasant Presbyterian; 3, Paul,  First Presbyterian; 4, Jane, Kitsilano Methodist.  440-yard dash���������1, Ellison, 66  sec); St Mark's; 2, Jane, Kitsilano Methodist; 3, Crann,, Mt  Pleasant Presbyterian; 4, Brett,  Sixth Ave. Methodist. "���������-  100-yard dash���������J, Hamilton, St.  Mark's; 2, Ellison, St. Mark's;  3, Jjine, Kitsilano Methodist; 4;  Charlesworth, Kitsilano Methodist.  team; Jlffinger, Wilson, Hamilton  and Ellison; 2, MX. Pleasant  Presbyterian team; Thomson,  Drost, Murphy and Mahon; 3,  Kitsilano Methodist team, Frith,  Charlesworth, Stewart and Jane.  Running high jump���������1, Brett  (4 ft. 7 in.), Sixth Ave. Metho-  NAVIGABLE    WATEBS  ION ACT  PROTECT-  In the Matter of the Navigable Wat-  en Protection Act, Beviaed .Statutes  of Canada 1906, Chapter 115.  NOTICE is hereby^ given that the  Shell Company, of California, Incorporated, has deposited with the Department of Public Works at Ottawa a  plan showing the proposed wharf and  docks on the foreshore adjoining the  Easterly five hundred feet of Distriet  Lot' 215, Group 1, New Westminster  Distriet, in the Province of British  Columbia, together with a description  of the proposed site, and haa deposited  a duplicate/of sueh plan and description at the office of the Distriet Registrar of Titles at'-New Westminster, in  the Province.of British Columbia.  AND NOTICE IS FUBTHEB  GIVEN that, at the expiration of one  month after the first publication of this  notice in the Canada Gasette and in  two' newspapers published in or near  the locality of the said work, tho said  Company will'apply to the Governor-  iii-Council for approval of tho construction of tho said proposed works.  DATED this 4th day of September,  1916.  MeDOUGAL   ft   McINTYRE,  Solicitors for Shell Company of California, Inc.  NAVIGABLE WATEBS PROTECTION  ACT  B. 8. 0. Chapter 115  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  LIMITED, hereby gives notice that it  has, tinder Section 7 of tho said Act,  deposited with the Minister of Public  Works at Ottawa, and in the, office of  the District Registrar of the Land Registry District of Vancouver at Vancouver,-B. C, a description of the site  and the plans of a wharf proposed to  be built in False Creek, City of Vancouver, in front of District Lot 541,  and immediately West of Connaught  Bridge.  AND take notice that after the  expiration of one month from the date  of the first publication of this notice,  The Imperial Oil Company, Ltd., will  under Section 7 of the said Act, apply to the Minister of Public Works  at' his office in the City of Ottawa  for approval' of the said , site and  plans and for* leave to 'construct the  said wharf.  . Dated, at Vancouver, B. C, tbis 20th  day of September,  1915.  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY,  LTD.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   KZHINCI  BBGULATION8 "  Coal mining rights of the Dentin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta,, the Yukon ' Territory, tho  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of,  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,566  acres will be leased to one applicant.  ������������������ Application f<>r a ieaae must be  made by the applicant in person to  tbe Agent or Sub-Agent of the diatriet in whieh the rights applied for  are situated.  -In surveyed territory tho land, must-  be   described   by   sections,   or   legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed   territory  the  traet  applied.  for shall be staked out by tho applicant himself.  Bach' application must be accompaai-'  ed by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if tbe rights applied for at*  not available, but not otherwise A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tha  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine stall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for tho full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the eoal mining  rights are not being operated, sueh returns should be furnished at least  once a year. *  'The lease will include tha eeal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered'  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an aere.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-  the Department of .the ' Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Dtputy Minister of toe Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  -58782.  3        n       =j,  y   r.  ���������>-    i tu  -x '* II  x -  ������������������������������������������  - 7 ������  LAND ACT  Vancouver Land District, District of  Coast, Range L  NAVIGABLE    WATERS*  TION ACT  PROTBC-  TAKE NOTICE that Agnes* L.  Clark, of Vancouver, occupation,  housekeeper, intends to apply fpr permission to purchase the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted sixty  chains north of Northwest corner of  Indian Reserve No. 3, Blunden Har  bour, thence 80 chains west, thence  south about 80 chains to shore line,  thence easterly along shoreline to In  dian Reserve, thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement.  Dated July 24tb, 1915.  AGNES  L.  CLARK,  R. O. Clark, Agent.  dist; Hamilton (4 ft. 6 in), St.  Mark's; Crann (4 ft. 6 in.; Mt.  Pleasant Pres.; Paul (4 ft. 6 in.)  First Presbyterian:  Running broad jump���������Hamilton (16 ft. 5 3-4 in.)., St. Mark's;  Crann, Mt. Pleasant Pres.; Bob-  son, Mt. Pleasant Pres.; Brett,  Sixth Ave. Methodist.  XRi^iniTbtfF^t-I^IOT  -1, Crann (36 ft: 5 in:), Mt. Pleas-  aut Pres.; 2, Paul, First Presbyterian ; 3, Brett, Sixth Ave. Methodist ; 4, Hamilton, St. Mark's.  Baseball throw���������1, Jane (79  yds. T ft.), Kitsilano Methodist;  2, Cook, Dundas Methodist; 3,  Hamilton, St. Mark's; 4, Crann,  Mt.  Pleasant  Presbyterian.  Grand aggregate (junior)���������St.  Mark's, 26; Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian 10, Kitsilano Methodist  8, t First Presbyterian 4. Sixth  Ave. Methodist, 3, Dundas Methodists, Mt. Pleasant Methodist, 1.  Notice is hereby given that the Vancouver   Harbour Commissioners   have  deposited with the Minister of Publie  Works for the Dominion of Canada, aa  required by  Section 7,  Chapter  115,  of the Revised/8tatutes of Canada, descriptions of the site and plana ,of a  ���������Causeway to be constructed in False *  Creek, Vancouver,  B.  C, aa  an  approach to the Granville Street Mud  Flats, and that duplicates of said plana  and descriptions bave been deposited  with  the Registrar of Deeds  at, the  Land Registry Office, Vancouver, B. .0.  And'take notice that at the expiration of one month from the date hereof the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners will apply to tbe Governor-in-Coun-  cil of the pominion of Canada for  approval of said plans and for permission to build and construct said causeway.  The description by metes and boundsv  of the site of the said causeway is as  follows:  All and singular that certain pare*}  or traet of land vor bed of the aea,  situate in False Creek and lying in  front of Granville Street in the City  of Vancouver, British Columbia, and  wbich may be more particularly described as follows:  Commencing at the intersection of  the southeasterly side of Granville  Street, in District Lot 526, Group 1,  New Westminster District, with tbe  high water mark of - False Creek,  thence N. 43 degrees, 15 min.,E., and  along the side of Granville Street produced Three Hundred and Ninety-Five  (395) feet, more or less, to intersect  the boundary of the foreshore pareel  granted to the Vancouver Harbour  Commission on April 13th, 1915, thence (  N. 27 degrees 16 min. W., and along  the boundary of the said pareel-graat���������  ed to the Vancouver Harbour Commission Eighty-four and Eighty-Six One  Hundredths (84.86) feet, thence S. 4$  degrees 15 min. W., and along, the-  Northwesterly side of Granville Street  produced Three Hundred and Ninety  (390) feet more or less, to tbe high'  water mark of False Creek, thence  following along the high water mark  of False Creek south-easterly to the  point of commencement and containing  Seventy-Two One Hundredths (0.72)  acres, be the same more or less, and  which is shown on one of the plans  above referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 4th  day of October, A. D., 1915.  *   W.   D.   HARVIE,  Secretary.  "BOUGH ON BAT8" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. tj.  A Group of Swiss Guides in Canadian Rockies  LEGAL  ADVERTISING  Get our Rates for Advertising Legal Notices, Land Notices, Etc.,  which are required by law to appear but once a week. We can  advertise your requirements at a  satisfactory price.  THE WESTERN CALL  1        4  Jf'  \*g  <>    M 'lu^*B.������������niUjuA*^J-������. .-.-^1.4^.4 <~���������,���������l    _ ,  8  ������ ���������fc^.^w ������-'- ������-.,**"  *h;!  Is  IS  If  ���������"���������*y~^f'  THE WESTERN   CALL  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  About $3,000 was realized as  the result of the tag day last  Saturday under the auspices of  the Children's Aid Society. The  institution is thereby helped materially in its, present financial  depression.  The Australian Cadets have  left for the east. During their  stay in the city, the boys from  the Commonwealth made thousands of friends who will wish  them bon voyage. The lads from  the Commonwealth of Australia  were clean$ cheery fellows, and  gave a number of first class musical, entertainments while here.  A prohibition organization  meeting for ward five was held  in Belvedere court on Tuesday  evening of this week, when a list  of officers were made out, the  ward divided into districts, and  the work of thoroughly organizing it undertaken by a large and  capable committee.  Robert Wright, a local man,  was sentenced to three months'  imprisonment for using seditious  utterances in proximity to the recruiting headquarters ton Hastings street recently. r  Salvation ��������� Ariny- Citadel, Cor.  Quebec and 7th Ave.���������11 a.m.  and 3 p.m., services will be conducted by Captain Carruthers.  Mrs. Adjt. Habkirk and Capt.  Leik will conduct the evening service at 7.30.  Insurance on the life of the late  "W. Ii. Arnold amounting to $14,-  J3.'5, was paid over by cheque  to ihe liquidator ts executor of  the will of the late W. R. Arnold, by the Canada Life Assurance Company. The policy held  against the Canada Life is the  only one of the many on, Arnold's life which was not made  the subject of litigation.  The "Truth" to the front) Rumor has it that Sam Gothard,  proprietor of "The Truth," the  Vancouver weekly whieh flourished for a couple of years, has signified his intention of going to the  front with the 67th battalion of  Victoria. If , Sammy uses'some  of. his flow of verbosity on the  German trenches the'famous gas  clouds will be mild in comparison  to the  effect.  A very large audience packed the Mount Pleasant Methodist  church on Sunday evening last to  witness the unveiling of a tablet  containing over sixty names, representatives of Mt, Pleasant Methodist church in the battle line  in l?rance. Special music was  provided for the occasion, and  Rev. Pr. Sipprell, the popular pastor, was assisted by two military  men in the ceremony.    Col. "Wor-  A SUCCESSFUL CONCERT  Rev. A. L. Burch, bursar of  Westminster Hall, will leave for  the front shortly. He has been'appointed chaplain of the 74th battalion, ��������� now at Camp Niagara.  The' grand jury at the fall  asizes handed in the report on the  last case before them, being that  of Rex vs. Geo. M. Murray, charged with libelling Reeve Gold.  The grand jury reported a true  bill in this case.  Britain has declared war on  Bulgaria, and has so informed  the Balkan states.  Italy will send 150,000 men to  the Dardanelles to assist the allies in blocking the German-Austrian-Bulgarian drive on Serbia.  . Nick Gentile, the self-confessed slayer of Frank Graio, a}ias  Francisco Paolo, on the False  Creek flats on the night of June  3 last, was acquitted of the  charge of murder, after a trial  lasting two and a.half hours1.1''  Friday, October ,15,1915. -"  The young people's'society of  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church _  held a very successful supper and and unofficial,  becaus^nTlocal  According to recent despatches  from the seat of war over 5,000  Belgian civilians have been shot  by the German military authorities. The figures are approximate  concert on the evening J of  Thanksgiving Day in the above  church. Supper was served to a  very large .audience from six to  eight, after which a delightful  programme was gone through  with upstairs. The artistes were  in splendid form, and the numbers were all thoroughly enjoyed.  The funeral of the late Richard B. Smith, well known in this  part of the city, having lived on  Firth ave. east for a number of  years, was held from the undertaking chapel of Center & Hanna.  on Thursday afternoon at 2.30.  Rev. A. E. Mitchell presided, and  Rev! Geo. Murray led in prayer.  The Independent Order of Oddfellows held a short service, after  whieh the remains were placed in  a private vault, to be taken later  authorities, who fear reprisals,  would- dare draw up official reports. The estimates so far made  follow: Antwerp 200, Brabant  800, Flanders 100, Hainault 400,  Liege 845, Limbourg 40, Luxemburg 1000, Namur 1800.  Another zeppelin attack was  made on London this week and  another toll of innocent lives  taken by the Hun.Reprisals are  now being demanded by a large  section of the population of the  metropolis, and it would not be  surprising M, some of the German cities got,a little of their  own medicine in the near future.  snop delivered a short address (to the deceased's former home,  prior to the unveiling of the tab- Balmoral, Han., where interment  let. will be made.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.   Public Work* Contractors  Bead Office, 81045 Bower BuiWtog  Seymowl836  VANCOUVER OAN-ABA  WOOD  POMINION WOOD YARD  'SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  AU kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Pair. 1554  The Western Association for the,  Blind, a local organization "to  help the blind to help themselves," celebrated its second birthday last week at a delightful reception at the home of its founders, Mr. and Mrs. C. Norman,  828 8th Ave. East. Emblematic  of the motto of the organization,  "Light in Darkness," as well as  of its age were two lighted' candles placed at opposite ends of a  cake which graced the middle of  the table in one of the rooms.  &.' (-'\,'JJ i tf-,,'., ���������* *' ''.r jfjtjijCtj.'/t',JM&2u.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 845  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  All the English and Scottish  railway companies have agreed  that the employment ox women  on their systems is an emergency  provision arising out of the war.  An Association in New Orleans  has started a project which has  for its object the building of a  highway from New Orleans to  Winnipeg. It is to be called the  "Jefferson Highway."  Hon Arthur Meighen, Solicitor-General, has been sworn' in as  a member of the Borden government. The rank of Solicitor-  General has been raised to cabinet status.  A Winnipeg firm had an old  safe which had not been opened  for years', the combination being  lost, It was thought the safe  contained nothing but old books.  An expert opened it and found  nearly $800 in good money inside  which had been entirely forgotten.    ,' '  "The Carnivora as Destroyers  of Game," is the subject of a  thoughtful article by Edward T.  Martin in October issue of Rod  and Gun in Canada published at  Woodstock.. Ont., by. W. J. Taylor, Limited. H. C. Haddon contributes a serio-comic Western  tale entitled "The Desperado,"  while among the actual "been  tjiere" experiences, may be mentioned Sport in the Tomogonops;  The Hunt for the Last Moose in  New Brunswick; Experiences at  a Winter Camp in the Lauren-  tians; A Trip by Motor Boat after Moose in Northern Alberta,  and The First Day out, the latter  being on account of a day's shooting of partridges by "Bill and  Billie" contributed by F. V. Williams, who is also the designer, of  the October cover. The regular  departments are as usual splendidly maintained, and the whole  issue is one that will make a  strong appeal to sportsmen and  lovers of outdoor life.  ARE YOU MOVING INTO A FLAT?  "^���������^���������MH.n.^M.���������MMM_H_M__MM_M________BB__________________B___|___)_|_ I  If so, numerous household articles will not be required. Don't store these!  valuable articles any old place, but obtain storage in our new '' Securitv Fireproof Warehouse," absolutely the finest in Canada. Rates no higher than you j  would pay elsewhere without the same high-grade service and protection. Wej  also do expert packing, shipping at'eut freight rates, and removals in modern]  "Car  Vans."   See   Us. ���������*" ' *" :  "WE KNOW HOW" -.���������     -  CaMPBELlStORACE (bMRANY  Oldest and Largest in Western Canada   .  Thone Seymour 7300 0nTcc857_BEATTY;3nu:ET  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  NG. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1187L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON &. MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ilanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  Over 100,000 Hungarians working in cotton mills have been  thrown into unemployment.  The United States has taken  steps to prevent "dumping" of  foreign goods at her ports after  the war.  The people of the Maritime provinces will soon have given 250  machine guns to the Canadian  forces. . 'J';" A'J/:  Tfye eldest son of the King of  the. Belgians,    Prince    Leopold,  ' Duke of Brabant, will go to Eton  next term.  The honey and wax production of the United States is valued at about $6,000,000 a yea/  Saskatchewan farmers 'set  aside 5,000 acres on which to  grow grain for patriotic -purposes: ���������   --   "��������� .xX -ky vv;/X-'': ������������������-.  Prize money due the officers  and inen of the British navy already totals $20,000,000. None  of this has been paid.  ���������'...Owing to the war flax growers in Ireland will have great  difficulty in obtaining Russian  seed.  A   wounded   soldier   at   Beth  nal Green Military Hospital, Erig?  land, has made a miniature violin  from German shrapnel.  Over $9,000 was realized by the  Bed Cross Society at the concert  in Toronto given by .Mme. Melba  on October 4.  ,  NOTICE   70   CONTRACTORS  Tenders are invited by the undersigned for the construction ot a 'Timber Freight Shed at False Creek, Vancouver.  Plans, specifications' and forms of  contract may be seen and form of tender obtained at the offices of the  Company, No. 71S, Metropolitan Building, Vancouver, 1035 Columbia St.,  New Westminster, and Belmont Block,  Victoria, on Monday, tbe 18th of October.  Tenders to be received at the Head  Offices of the Company, Vancouver,  no,t later than noon of the 25th of  October, 1915, and to be enclosed in  sealed envelope marked "Tender for  Construction.''  The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  MACKENZIE, MANN & CO, liTD.^  With  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEWFEED STORE OPENED  a Complete Supply of POTJLTET 8TOTILZB8, BAT, OBAXN,  CHOP, ETC.  Vernon Feed Co.  4STR AMD HtA-tHE  (Branch tt*m Mt PUuant)  WE STAND FOB QUALITY, BBRVIOB   AMD   .LOW  leckie  ioes  Throw  LECK1ES' SHOES  Made of honest-quality leather, cut, stitched and  sewn by expert workmen, made SQ14P so you can  get solid wear���������sojid satisfaction. Boots and Shoes  made for British Columbia by British Columbia  men. ASK YOUR DEADER WHAT HE THINKS  OF liECKJE'S!    At all Shoe Stores.  I  imc^in&i^&m  I  -|X:  [XV  ONE OF VANCOUVER'S  BUST STREETS


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